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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Mar 25, 1927

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 /
•m
Some burn the candle at both ends and others are so indolent they can scarcely keep one end going   __XI
->,
MAY HEAD NEW
Vernon, Marcb 25.—Hon. E. D.
Barrow, mlniater of agriculture, will
arrive In Vernon today, and In addition to • meeting the. Liberals will
probably discuss matters ln connection wltb the produce marketlpg
legislation.
- The suggestion that Lewis Duncan, the Toronto lawyer who conducted the Nash Fruit Combine investigation and assisted the British'
Columbia authorities In drafting
the    fruif    consignment  legislation,
j be placed at the head of the new
committee, is attracting a good deal
of .attention. There is, no doubt that
(Mr. Duncan would not be acceptable
to the remnant of the Nash interests
In the valley, though it is believed
Ut appointment would please many
growers.
It is fully expected that the new
committee will commence to function before the end of April, and if
lt ls to do so the appointments- by
the government and 'the indepen?
dents cannot be long delayed.
The  salary  which  Will    probably
| go with the appointment of the
chairman of the committee of direction is said to be about 17600 a] year.
Oc/4«a KETTLE VALLEy ORCHARDIST
TWENTY-SIXTH YE Alt-No. 21
"Tell ma what ran Know Is tra»:
I ean total aa well as vou."
FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1927
Persons who have not filed returns
of Income earned during 1926 , had
-better bestir themselves, because
Thursday, March 31 at, is the last day
•zed under the law for the completion ot these forms to the Commissioner of income Tax, Victoria, B.C.
The recent session of the legislature provided increased rebates in
respect of married persons and dependents.   These are, in brief:
Married persons, also widows and
$1,800; single persons, widows and
widowers without dependent chll
d-ren, $1,200- each dependent, $300;
insurance premiums paid but not exceeding $500; non- resident persons,
$1,000 only. t;
Persons whose Income does not
exceed $900 ^are no required to file
a return except upon demand of the
assessor.
TRAIL SMELTER
Considerable activity is displayed
in. mining circles, especially in the
Kootenays, many mines being listed
as shippers to the big smelter of the
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada,' (Ltd.,, Trail, the
report of the smelter showing tonnage reoeived to be 10,906 tons, at
follows: ,
Nannie of Mine and Place. Tons
Copper concentrates—
Allenby Copper Co., Allenby....   394
Copper Ore—
Queen'.Victoria, Beasley.        33
Milling ore-
Bluebell, Rlondel     677
WtioIsThis
Gal-EtM?
BY ERWIN GREER
Much has been written In the east
about Ethyl. Only recently has she
gn eowest. And now "West Coast
newspapers have crowded Menthyl
off the front page to make way for
Btihyl.   Who is Ethyl?
'Jn appearance Ethyl-gas fluid is
champagne-colored.' Before, it is
placed Into special containers it is
colored red for the purpose of making i teasily recognizable. It has a
ipungent odor of its own.
In dwelling on the peculiar virtues
of ethyl-gas fluid it should be understood that the fluid does not
make high-test gasoline of low-
volatility fuel. Indeed, it does not
add power to the gasoline proper.
Rather does its action become apparent: in the manner in which it
cHangeb the cond tions under which
the fuel is consumed in the engine.
Ordiriary gasoline acts with the
detonating, short-lived force of black
powder; ethyl gas develops its energy like the smokeless powder ln
that it, burner progessively throughout the (passage of the piston through
the cylinder.
Ethyl gas ln high-compression engines showed a flexibility approaching that of the steam engine, a high-
gear climbing ability that was a
revelation, an utter freedom from
knocking that was truly astonishing.
Motorists or repairmen who have
occasion to remove the neads ot engines in which ethyl gas has been
used for, a (prolonged period, are
uite apt to misinterpret what they
see. A valve taken from such an
engine presents an unfamiliar appearance and may be mistaken .for
a badly burned valve. It Is only
necessary to paint these deposits
black to recognize their true nature,
whereas a short soaking in a sodium
the deposits and shows the metal
dioxide solution readily dissolves
the deposits and showe the metal
beneath unaffected.
The lead component leaves a light
deposit of its own; this does not accumulate beyond a thin coating, lt
some of this deposit enters 'between
a valve and its seat—ln the case of
carbon a decldtdly undesirable happening-— the ethyl deposits, far from
being a menace, becomes an advantage in sealing up the slight leaks
to which valves are subject after pro
longed running..
. What does it all mean*? I am certain that engine builders and motorists are facing the advent ot the
long-sought but hitherto unattainable high-compression engine which,
small in displacement and economical in fuel consumption, will develop
great power. If we now utilize only
6 per cent of the gasoline energy,
the additional 5 per cent achieved
by the use of ethyl gas ln high-compression engines will double the
efficiency of the gasoline engine.
More than that, lt will double the
power we may obtain from our gasoline resuources, lengthen the life of
our engines and make the car a
greater boon than ever.
Life in Nicaragua
Galena iFai-m, Sllverton
Lucky Jim, Zincton 	
Noble 'Five, Sandon ......
92
768
62
46
ft
Roseberry Surprise, Sandon
Standard, -Sllverton  . ..	
Ruth Hope, Sandon        81
Yankee Girl, Ymir       6*2
Dry Ore— M^_^~
Last Chance, Republic    465
Quilp, (Republic  *.     466
Lead Ore—
IMlnniehaha,  'Sandon  	
Wellington, Beaverdell —....
Sally, Beaverdell  	
Oompany mines „.... ~...
36
-**
56
6,979
-*W to««
..10,906
I*f)fction of a new kind of oil enable* doctors to make better X-ray
studies of the lungs and chests of
tuberculosis patients.
He is a poor lawyer who mistakes
t"w wW for the deed-
Buildiug Gran Is to
British Columbia
Estimates for public buildings In
the province of British Columbia totalling $243,262 were passed by the
house of commons in committee ot
supply.
The first Item in the British Columbia list, one of $6000 for Bentlnck
island lazaretto for new buildings.
The committee passed *m rapid order items of $40,000' covering repairs
to Dominion public buildings. British Columbia: $73,000 to replace
ibuildings and equipment destroyed
by fire at Esquimalt; $20,000 for repairs and improvements at Esquimalt; $6600 for public building at
Kimberley; $2100 for a similar build
ing at Revelstoke; $5300for Improvements to Vancouver public buildings;
$4300 to repair the roadway on Little
Saanich Mountain to Victoria observatory; i$S250 tor repairs to the William! Head quarantine Btatlon, and
$10,000 for an offloe -building for. customs and quarantine purposes at
William Head.
Nicaragua, scene ot activity by
American marines. Is the largest of
the Central American republics;
mayn acclaim lt the most beautiful.
It has vast forests of precious woods,
untold resouces of valuable miner1
als and soil so fertile that it has
been said, "If you tickle the ground
with a hoe it smiles back with a
yam."
There is a darker side—few regions o f its size anywhere ln the
world have been so beset by revolutions and volcanic eruptions. After
a century of almost perpetual civil
war Nicaragua' settled down to comparative peace a few years ago and
began to reap the dividends in progress toward prosperity, Modern
science can ameliorate the disasters
from volcanoes by approximate
predictions of their explosions,while
it also has taught Nlcaraguans that
the eruptions in the past were bdess-
lngs in disguise, because tney fertilized the land to a marvelous degree.
The country ls about the area of
New York state and its toal population is only a little larger tban that
of Buffalo. Jt has two mountain
ridges which inclose the"Great Lakes
of Central America," Lakes Nicaragua and Managua.
A glance at a Central American
map tells the story of Nicaragua's
backwardness in bygone days. Costa
Rica to the south, and Honduras to
the north, are accessible trom the
Atlantic ocean; aii of Nicaragua's
important cities are on the Pacific
side of her coastal mountains. To
the east of the mountains lie her
lakes, and she presents to the Caribbean a very unprepossessing "back
yard," with the world's worst real
estate designation, the Mosquito]
coast
Today, with Los Angeles, San
Francisco and Seattle to tap her
markets, Nicaragua's Pacific frontage ls a blessing. But yesterday,
when the Atlantic ports of North
America and Europe were doing the
world's shipping; she was severely
handicapped
Curiously, too, her Mosquito coast
was appropriately named by error,
The appellation was aot intended for
the the Insect, which abounds there,
but is a corruption of the name of
the 6000 Indians, the Misskite, who
survive there.
The country's northernmost Carig
bean headland. Cape Graclas a Dlos,
is a headline of geography. Columbus- explored the Central American
coast on his last voyage and, cruising east from Cape Honduras, was
compelled to take shelter from a
storm- at a point where the coast
agruptly turns to the south. He
named the cape "Thanks to God"
and took possession qt the country
for Spain.
That was In 150(2. A century ge-
fore the Mayflower touched at Plymouth rock the Spaniards were es-
tagllshed along the lake region in
far western Nicaragua, despite the
unwelcome volcanic outbursts. Especially vigorous was tbe explosion of
Masaya ln 1682. The most sensational single eruption, however, occurred within a century from our
day—when Oosegulna glew off its
head In 1836. iPor days a black pall
obscured the sun, dust blanketed the
fields and forests, animals died gy
the thousands from thirst and hunger.
Tradition says that *t was into the
crater of the agove-mentioned Masaya that Friar Bias of Sastile lowered
a gucket in 1534 in the hope of drawing up molten gold. When he touch
ed the lava the kucket melted and
the good friar wrote home: " One
cannot (behold the volcano without
fear, admiration, and repentance of
his sins; for it can be surpassed only
by eternal fire." At the toot of Mt
Masaya iB a lake of that name, and
near the lake Is the little town of
Masaya, (
Whether a Nicaraguan canal will
be built is a question which only the
future Mn answer; but It has geen
so continuously discussed and its pos
slgle site so thoroughly surveyed
that the (term "Nicaraguan canal
route" is easily described. Interest
has been reawakened ln this route
by the recent trouble in Nicaragua.
me Paname canal, it one leaves
Us locks aad small   artificial   lakes
FROM EVERYWHERE
out of consideration, may be considered the American Suez; for it is relatively short and direct. The Nicaragua route—again ignoring locks
—must be compared with the Turkish straits; it is relatively long, and
has in its course a great natural inland sea, from which narrow ship-
ways are projected.
A Nicaraguan canal would be less
a man-made affair than the Panama
canal, where at every turn nature
had to thwarted and subdued by engineers. At Panama ships can now
move every foot of the interocean
way through great ditches that were
dug, locks that were guilt, or a lake
that was created by men. The Cha-
gres river wag turned aside to make
a lake, and even its bed waB discarded. If a Nicaraguan canal were
built according to exitsing plans, lt
would entail much excavation and
lock building, but work that nature
has already done would be utilized
to a marked degree.
From the Atlantic end a canal
would have to be excavated, largely
through lowlands, for some fifty
mileB, for the lower rescues of the
San Juan river are clogged with, sand
brought down from the uplands of
Costa Rica. Locks would thenraiBe
the waterway to the 106-foit level of
the lake. Ships would be transferred into the San Juan river,
dammed at this point, and would
move up its slack water for approximately forty-five miles to Lake Nicaragua.
This lake is a really large body of
water. It Ib 100 miles long and 45
wide at the broadest point, and is
the most extensive body of fresh wa-
the most extensive gody of fresh water, in North America south of Lake
MichigaiLlFor 70 miles ships would
use the* wters of Lake Nicaragua.
Then would come the descent to the
Pacific through a canal and locks
covering the dozen miles or more ot
narrow isthmus that divides the lake
from the ocean.
The river and lake portion ot the
route above the dam, however, would
not all be in readiness for use wi h-
out the e pendlture of labor. Of the
45 miles ot river 28 would require
improvement, while a channel would
have to bedredged through a score
of miles f the lake near the river outlet where silt haB accumulated.
The Pacific side of the canal would
present relatively few difficulties.
The narrow divide at he point crossed by the canal route rises only 44
feet above the lake level. Altogether the canal route, from deep water
to deep water, would be about 180
miles long. The passage of ships
would require more than 24 hours as
against 12 or less at Panama. Such
a canal could be reached, on the
other hand, amore quickly from ports
of   he United States and Canada,
One other contrast exists between
the Panama canal and the Nicaraguan route. The former traverses a
country of relatively little potential
wealth. A canal through Nicaragua
would doubtless be a strong fac or
in the development of that country,
opening up its vast forests of both
hard and soft woods and tapping its
coffee and cacao plantati ns and its
mines. Lake Nicaragua ls already
an Important inland waterway, and
near its banks are some of the chief
cities ot the republic.
Ah honor wan conferred upon
Captain Jamss Turnbull, CUE,
R.N.R., commander of the Canadian
Pacific steamship Montnalrn, recently, when he was appoln'cd Alde-de-
Camp to His Majesty King George V.
All golfing records were shattered
recently when K. Tanaka, local Japanese golfer, playing on the Canadian Pacific course "Langara," scored a hole in one twice in one round
of the eighteen-hole links. The first
was obtained at the fifth bole which
ls 116 yards, and tbe second at the
sixteenth bole, which is 210 yards.
The director of a Viennese newspaper published a paragraph to the
effect that his cook had bought half
a pound of pepper at the grocer's,
and, when analyzed, the pepper was
found to contain 60 per cent dust.
The director added that if the
guilty grocer did not send him immediately half a pound of pure pepper he would publish his name in
the  paper.
During the month of January of
the present year automobile production in Canada has increased 98 per
cent, over and above the production
tor the corresponding month of last   I
year, being 15,376 cars, as compared
with 7,762 for the previous year. Al-  <
most half of the cars produced were  '■
tor export, according to the Domin-   j
Ion Bureau of Statistics. j
In memory of the late Col. George
H. Ham, of Montreal, dean of railway
publicity men hi North America, a
beautiful memorial porch ls being
erected over the door of St John's
Church at Whitby by the members
of the Women's Canadian Press Club.
The late Col. Ham died in Montreal
on April 16 last.
Nara, Japan. — Eleven passengers
on the Round-the-World cruise of
the Canadian Pacific flagship Empress of Scotland squeezed through
a rectangular hole In a pillar just
behind the colossal linage of Buddha
in the Dalbutsu Temple here yesterday, thereby achieving, according to
ancient tradition, the short road to
Paradise.
Tihe Board of Control at Toronto
have formally accepted the offer
made by Sir Lalcester Harmsworth,
English Baronet of Mournier's portrait of General John Graves Sim-
coe, after whom the County of Slm-
coe was named. General SImcoe set
up his first government at York,
now Toronto. The painting will be
hung in the Toronto City Hall, already adorned with a collection of
historical paintings recognized as one
ot the finest of its kind in America.
"Ave atque Vale" (Hall and Farewell), echoed through the austere
precincts of the Canadian * Pacific
Ralway offices Board Room ln Montreal recently, when the Westminster
Boys Choir, ln token of their appreciation and thanks for the care and
the thought taken in their behalf
during their 6,000-mile tour of Canada which they completed on March
16, when they sailed on the C. P.
liner Minnedosa, sang a parting song
In Latin for E. W. Beatty, chairman
and president of the Company, ln
whose care they had made their
memorable journey.
Their Excellencies the Governor-
General and Lady Willingdon will be
given a warm welcome on the occasion of their first visit officially to
Western Canada, the many centres
through which they will pass aro already preparing to receive them.
They will leave Ottawa by special
Canadian Pacific train March in, and
are scheduled to arrive at Vancouver March 26. Leaving the latter
city they will go on to Victoria the
same afternoon and will spend a
couple of weeks visiting points of
interest on Vancouver Island, returning to Vancouver April 19.
"You remember that watch I lost
five years ago," said Twitter.
"Yee,"said hts friend.
"You remember how I looked high
and low for It Well, yesterday I put
on a vest I had not worn for years,
and what do you think I found in the
pocket"
"Your watch—splendid."
"No, I found the hole It must have
dropped throuj-*h."
PREMIER URGES
PROVINCE'S CASE
AT OTTAWA
Ottawa, March 25.—Premier John
Oliver of British Columbia appeared
before the railway and canals committee of the commons today to explain in what he termed British Columbia's "vital" Interest ln a western
outlet from the Peace River valley.
"British,1 Columbia was interested,"
he said , "not only In the volume of
grain expected to come out of the
valley, but In the trade from coast
cities to adjacent eastern territory."
The coast looked forward to the
time when its factories would supply the province of Alberta with
manufactured goods, he said. He
detailed efforts to secure an outlet
from the valley, and said the- province was solely responsible for the
thirty millions expended in construction work andhad suffered an additional loss of $25,000,000 in interest
and  carriage   charges.
Premier Oliver made a vigorous
plea for a policy of constructive cooperation as opposed to a possible
policy of destructive criticism.
"British Columbia has an absolutely just claim for sympathetic
consideration of a western outlet
from the Peace river," he declared,
after asking the committee to make
sure that no action would be taken
further to menace the investment
of British Columbia in the Pacific
Great Eastern railway.
Success of the approaching Diamond Jubilee celebration would depend to a great extent on the spirit
of cooperation between various parts
of the Dominion. His conception ot
this spirit would not be met if consideration were not given to the
feeling of the people of British Columbia regarding this outlet from
the Peace river to British Columbia.
With a view to the full development of the Peace river country, an
east and west line on both sides of
the l'eace river was necessary. '
British Columbia, Premier Ullv-ar
said, viewed with alarm a proposal
toe onnect the Edmonton, Dunvegan
& British Columbia railway by a
north and south line with the Canadian National  railways.
"Construction of a north anil south
line at any point east of the Rocky
mountains will have a further effect
on the Pacific Great Eastern."
Any future railway construction*
in the Dominion should bo with a
view to the ultimate inclusion of
such construction in the permanent
system, he said, which would eventually serve the Dominion. Future
construction should be accompanied
by strong cooperative effort by Llritish Columbia, Alberta, tlie Dominion
■government and the Canadian National railways to colonize newly
opened areas and provide the tonnage necessary to make the railways
prosperous.
I "We have gone aB far as we could
go and can't go any further," he said.
At the outset Premier Oliver suid
when the various railways were
merged nlto the Canadian National
I railways system, the agreement with
. the Grand Trunk Pacilic had become
, inoperative and it was the grave
doubt which existed that Ihis agreement would ever huve effect that
was a determining factor in stopping
work on the Pacific Greut Eastern.
"The government of Cunada, ln
carrying out that merger, hud apparently no regurd for the position in
which It wus placing BBritiBb Columbia with renard to the Pacific ("rout
"The merger hud an enormously
damuglng effect on tho future of tho
Pacini* Great Eastern,
slderation from the government for
what was virtually the nullivculion
effect of the merger on the agreement with the Grand Trunk Pacific."
Back from a short trip to England
on Canadian Pacific and Telegraph
business, John MacMillan, general
manager of telegraphs of the railway, returned on C. P. steamship
Montcalm and has again taken up
his duties. Mr. MacMillan statd
that purchase of cables for tho
Pacific Coast in connection wltb the
new overland cable wire for the
second Australian cable was completed durln**, his trip. This material which represents a length ot
a hundred miles In two sections of
wire, was Inspected under Mr. MacMillan'- supervision nnd will be
shipped to this country early In
April.
It was evening. A stranger approached tbe motorist.
"Sir," Baid ho, "your beucon has
ceased to function."
"Sir?"
"Rour illuminator, I say, is shrouded in unmitigated oblivion."
"Really,  I   don't  understand   you."
Just then a boy shouted: "Hi, mis
tor, your lamp's gorn out"
The engineer ot a train ot thought
should atop to think occaalciisvUy-.
;
If every man were taken at his own
valuation, there wouldn't be half
enough halos to go around.
"Well sah," said Sambo, after being asked what kind of chickens he
preferred, "all kinds has de e merits.
The white ones Is de easiest to nd
in de dark; but the blue!, ones is de
easiest to hile after you gets 'em." THE SUN: GBAND FOBKS, BBITISH COLUMBIA.
Wst (&tmb Jfarkfl Bun
AN INSEVSMDENr   N K M. PAPEBJ
Q. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD,PUBLISHER
1SI.SUBSORIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Tear (in Canada and Qreat Britain)   SI.OO
One Year (in the United States)      1.50
Addres- -" •— 'cations to
' -IThk Guano Pork- Sun
Phonk 101 Graud Forks, B. CJ
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENtIR ANO LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY, MAROH 26, 1927
/One of tbe most Important pieces   - legislation passed
at the recent session of the legislature was   that   which
amended the Taxation act and provided for the taxation
If profits made by speculators In sales of capital assets
such as timber, mining properties, and waterpowers.   In
Introducing this measure the minister of finance made it
clear that he was after new revenue from a source able
to produce It without the least hardship,   r without any
interference with industry, in order that the load of tara-
tion which the small business man and wage earner at
present have to bear might be made considerably lighter.
All the C nservatlve memlbers of the house voted against
the bill.   They manifested their opposition ln various ways.
One novel objection was that because a speculator might
bave lost m ney on several deals-, say in timber, he should
aot be asked to pay on any profits he might subsequently
make.   To this the minister of finance replied that the
wage earner could not g   to the taxation department and
ask to be excused from paying his taj  because he had
had   a   couple   of years short time and had not earned
enough in th se years to bring hit within the scope of
the act.   Then Dr. MacLean inquired of his critics, why
should the speculator, who usually deals in hundreds of
thousands of dollars, be excused gecause tw   investments
had turned ut a failure and the third a giod ine?   It should
be noted that the tax applies to profits only.   That is t
Bay, if an Investor paid $300,000    for some tifber limits
or mining property   r waterpower, put in another $200,-
000 in development and carrying charges, then sold out,
Bay, for $800,000, he would pay a tax ouly on the $300,-
000 which w uld  represent his clear    profit.   In    other
words, everthing he sinks  into the property iB  exempt
trom taxation, purchase price, development, and all other
charges upon it.   In order that all c ncerned might have
ample notice and understand the full purport of the new
provision, in no way recognizing any p int in the main
Conservative    objection    to  his  prop sal,  Dr.  MacLean
agreed tbat it should not be operative until   March   of
next year.
feet order. (It was gefore telegraphy had been introduced
and to run a mila a minuterequired careful preparation.
A large crowd gathered at the station and amid cheers
and waving ofhats the Antelope began its historic run.
Half way to Lawrence, Minot looked at his watch, fourteen minutes hod elapsed. He urged Pemberton to set
more speed and Pemberton pulled the throttle wide open.
The engine responded and when the train was brought to
a stop at the station, iMtnot's watch showed that Juat 26
minutes had elapsed since the start
During a thunderstorm at Sheffield a man standing
near a place struck by lightning lost his speech. At Fa-
kenfaam. In Norfolk, a soldier who had loat hia speech after
shell-shock in the war suddenly recovered lt while he was
plying his trade as a house painter. His ladder lurched,
and with an "Oh!" ot fright his speech came back. Not
the cleverest investigator of the brain can tell us the why
and wherefore ot such happenings, but can only aay that
the mechanism by which the brain, or parts of the brain,
directs the throat, the tongue, the palate.the lungs.to fulfill their duties ln giving utterance to spoken Bounds ls
Infinitely more complicated than the works ot a watch,
To the brain come along the nerves from different parts
of the body sensations of heat or cold or pain or hunger,
to which the brain gives names. From tbe brain po
thoughts which set the orpans of speech or action ln
movement. All these impulses have to go through telephone exchanges in the brain system far more complicated than any which give and take calls In a city. A
sudden violent jar, and the telephone exchange ls put out
of gear. Lines cross, the bhzzer sounds a wrong note
at a wrong time, the desk telephone becomes altogether
silent. In the city exchange the damage can be locateh
and repaired; in the brain it cannot be found. Nobody
can say where the damage has taken place. Another jar,
and it may right itself as mysteriously as it went wrong,
but no man say how.
Notes • Notions • Rotables
The mere fact of laughing heartily does one good, it
makes the world seem a kindly place and it drawB one
closer to one's fellows. To be entirely engrossed in one
self and one's problems induces a morbid state of mind,
but as long as one can laugh with others and thus blow
away the cobwebs from one's brain, one is safe from the
isolation of despair and egotism. Of course, we mean
laughing that is free irom either superiority of bitterness;
which is certainly a tonic to the whole spiritual system
Laughter clears the air, and the very fact that a man
can laugh heartily ia a sign not alone that he can enjoy
life but that he has a sense of proportion about life. The
capacity to laugh is much more than a capacity to see
the funny side of things. It is really a sign of sanity.
People who take themselves too seriously cannot laugh
simply; people who are too overwhelmed oy existence
-cannot laugh naturally. To laugh is not to be callous,
it is to be balanced. And true laughter, being the expression of a simple emotion, is thoroughly healthy and
sound. It is the outcome of a sens* of humor, and a
sense of humor arises primarily from a sense of values.
Of the famous manners of Oeorge IV of England many
Stories are told. Once when riding he happened upon a
roan pilloried for issuing a libel against the ruler and
wrote an apology "for the seeming indelicacy" of taking
advantage to view him. Again he took the old Lady
Clermont to her carriage and begged her to take her
time and not hurry, for, gallantly said he, "If you, tumble,
I shall tumble with you." The ruler, who achieved more
by charm than by character, in the estimate of Shane
Leslie, a recent biographer, also was a famous mimic
On a journey to Hanover he convulsed the sovereign of
the Netherlands by mini icing the old Stadtholder during
hia visit to Carlton house. The "Granville Papers" give
a peep behind the scenes of ISO.",when he was Prince of
Wales: "Lord Abercorn ls furious with the prince. The
prince takes him off remarkably well lying along the
bench with his iiiin across looking very fierce and stretching out his legs as though he was trying to kick Lord
Granville."
Half the weight of cork, the Balsa wood of the tropics
Is coming into use for many purposes other than that ol'
making life preservers und life rafts, for which it was
Introduced in this country. It has marvelous Insulating
qualities. Fish, ice cream or other i-lmilarly perishable
articles muy be packed in u lightly constructed box of this
wood and shipped great distances and delivered tn excellent condition. The government is testing airplane propellers made of it und quite u quantity of the wood is
made use of ln the construction ot theatrical scenery
Whicb is to be shipped ubout the country. A New York
architect is experimenting with it as inner sheathing for
houses.   It may create a revolution in refrigeration.
The Leipzig fairs are among the oldest and most important in Europe, dating probably to the twelfth century.
There are two a year. The Jubilate fair lasts from the
first Monday in Marcb uutil the Saturday of the following
week, while the Michaelmas fair begins on the last Sunday of August and continues three weeks.
The thrill of traveling a mile a minute by rail waB flrin
*-■ experfencedexperienced   in   1848,   when   the   Antelope,   a
10-ton engine built under the direction of Superintendent
Minot   of   the Boston & Maine railroad, covered the 26
miles between Boston and Lawrence in just 26 minutes.
The    engine    had    single drivers, six feet ih diameter.
Every detail was carefully arranged to give tbe new engine  achance  lo  break  nil  previous  records.   Minot selected an ennhieer Pemberton  to drive the locomotive,
lv.mtberton was reluctant at first, but when Minot threat-
_: ened to take the throttie himself, he agreed to try. Minot
rode with him.   Men were sent over the road to spike
-   down all switches and see that everything was in per-
A water spider is one of the marvels of creation. It is
to befound in every ditch or stagnant pool. It must
breathe the air to live, yet.it is born under water, and
passes its life either on or beneath it It can run as easily
upon the surface of the water as an ordinary creature
does on land. When it dives below the surface it Ib seen
to be glistening with bubbles„The water spider iB covered
with little bristles,
into the water,
never wet.
and these carry the air down with it
The skin of the spider is consequently
The adobes of Indian potentates are an incredible mixture of the magnificent and the cheap, the grandiose and
the ludicrously homely. Cows bask on the front steps;
the anteroom is filthy with the droppings of pigeons;
beggars doze under the gates or search one another's
heads for lice; in one of the inner courte fifty courtezans
from the city are singing interminable songs in honor of
the birth of the maharaja's eleventh grandchild; ln the
throne room, nobody uite knows why, there stands a
brass bedstead with a sham mahogany wardrobe trom
the Tottenham Court road beside lt; framed color prints
from the Christmas number ot the Graphic of 1907 alternate along the walls with the most exquisite Rajput and
Persian miniatures; in the unswept jewel room 5,000,000
pounds worth of precious stones lie indiscriminately
heaped; the paintings are peeling off the walla of the
private apartments, a leprosy has attacked the stucco,
there is a hole in the carpet; the marble hall of audience
is furnished with bamboo chairs and the Rolls-Royces are
driven by ragged chauffeurs. s
Poems From EasternLands
JNDIA
THE TREE OF LIFE
Broad daylight with a sense ot weariness!
Mine eyes were closed, but I was not asleep,
<My hand was in my father's, and I felt
His presence near me.   Thus we often passed
In silence hour by hour.   What was the need
Of interchaning words when every thought
That in "our   hearts arose, was known to each,
And every pulse kept time?   Suddenly there shone    i
A strange light and the scene as sudden changed.
I was awake:—It was an open plain
Illimitable—stretching, stretching—oh, bo far!
And o'er lt that strange light—a glorious light
In a clear, cloudless, frosty winter night
Only intenser in its brilliance calm.
And in the midst of that vast plain, I saw,
For I was wide awake—it was no dream,
A tree with spreading branches and with leaves
Of divers kinds—dead silver and live gold,
Shimmering in radiance that no words may tell!
Beside the tree an Angel stood; he plucked
A few small sprays, and bound them round my head.
Oh, the delicious touch of those strange leaves I
No longer throbbed my brows, no more I felt
The fever in my limbs—"And oh," I cried,
"BBind too my father's forehead with these leaves."
One leaf -the Angel took and therewith touched
His forehead, and then gently whispered "Nay!"  -
Never, oh never had I seen a face
More beautiful than that Angel's, or more full
Of holy pity and of love divine.
Wondering I looked awhile—then, all at once
Opened hy tear-dimmed eyes—When 11!  the light
Was gone—the light as of the ataj-s when snow
Llesd deep upon the ground.   No more, no more,
WaB seen the Angel's face.   I only found
My father watrhing patient by my bed,
And holding in his own, close-prest, my hand.
—-Torn Dutt
c>4ncient History
(COMPILED FROM TWENTY-YEAR OLD SUN PILES.)
The school estimates for the current year amount to
$13,440.
The Kettle Valley Farmers' Institute was organized at
a largely attended meeting in the city hall last Wednesday evening.
Dr. Truax has received official notification of his ap
polntment as quarantine officer at this port. The nearest case of smallpox is at Orient, Wash.
The 20,000 club has appointed a committee whose duty
It will be to try to secure a grant for a fall fair.
Joseph Wasson, aged 70, who has lived in the valley
for about eight years, died at his home ln the West end
last Saturday night
Ttie Spice of Life
The star of the "Blackbirbs," clever Florence Mills, recently remahk-
ed that some of the funnitest things
that happen at rehearsals' are utter
surprises to all ooncerneu; ana often
they put the efforts ot the talented
artists in the shade. :
Like, for example—she continued
—Sam and Liza, a colored couple,
who were "tried out" for a love!
scene ln a certain revue.
"Just go ahead." aafd the stage
manager, "and make love ln your
own way."
So they snuggled up together and
Sam said j "Liza, you is exactly
like brown sugar."
"How Is I like brown sugar " demanded Liza.
"Sweet but awful unrefined," was
the unexpected answer.
Ever since the Beck case snowed
fallibility of handwriting experts,
they have had to put up with many
hard knocks when called upon to
give evidence ln a court of law.
One such case was referred to recently by "Tlm" Healy, K.C., governor-general of the Irish 'Free State,
i-L.a witty after-dinner speech.
The expert—said Tim—had given
his evidence at considerable length,
and with the aid of many diagrams
and columns of figures.
Then a young Irish barrlster,,brief-
ed by the defendant, rose to cross-
examine.
He began his questions with an
abrupt: '
"Whee is the dog?"
"What dog?" demanded the puzzled witness.
"The dog which the judge at the
last assizes said he . wouldn't hang
on your evidence."
Here is an amusl ng story about
the Prince of Wales:
When he was little his grandfather
—King Edward—came upon him
studying Industriously, and asked
what he was reading.
"All about Perkin Warbeck," re-
piled the prince.
"And who was Perkin ^Warbeck?"
asked King Edward.
"Has a pretender," came the a-
swer. "He pretended he was the
son of a king. But he wasn't He
was the son of respectable parents."
"Didn't you say that this car would
do seventy-five miles an hour without any trouble?" asked the recent
purchaser ot the agent
"Yes," was the reply. -'Didn't
she?"
"She did seventy-five all right but
the trouble I got into cost me seventy-five dollars."
Crabshaw: "You should realize
by this time the folly of trying to
keep up with your neighbors."
Mrs. Crabshaw: "It's all your
blame. You just won't buy a car
Bwith Borate speed."
Mrs. Newrich: "It's awful to be
arrested, even it only for speeding,
and get our names in the papers,"
Newrich: "Never mind, my dear,
it will let people see that we own a
fast car."
He (teaching her to drive): "In
case of emergency, the first thing
you want to do Is to put on the
brake."
She: "Why, I thought lt came
with the car."
i "And the traffic cop arrested
you?"
"Twice," replied Mr. Cluggins.
"When I couldn't atop he arrested
me for speeding, and when T finally
stopped and couldn't start he arrested me for blocking the traffic"
John: "You're bo lazy you'll
ntver dl«.M
Sam: "What, am I ao lasy 111
never die.   How do you figure that?"
John: "Even the Lord will get
tired waiting for you."
' •Woman: "Ah, my husband has
always been a lucky man. As a
child he was thrown by a hone but
wasn't injured. As a youth the ice
broke beneath him' but he wasn't
drowned. An a student he was
caught ln an Alpine avalanche but
he escaped uninjured.
Bachelor: "And he. haa now been
married twenty years and is still
cheerful."
The traffic policeman was a pretty
smart fellow, but he had his Interruptions. One day he slfcnafed a
motorist to drive ahead. The mo-
trist said, "1 can't go ahead; I've
killed my engine."
"'Well, then, .back up."
Brown: "Now, don't be impudent,
or I will be forced to knock some
sense into your head."
Green: "Bah! It would take a
dozen men like you to knock any
sense Into my head."
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Golds     Headache     Neuritis        Lumbago
Pain       Neuralgia     Toothache     Rheumatism
| DOES NOT AFFECT THE HEART )
$*
Accept only "Bayer" package
which contains proven direction*.
Handy "Bayer"  boxes  of  12 tableta
Also bottles of M aad lOO-Dr-wrlsb*-.
• trans nark l~el„,re* In Osns*a> of Bern Mana»a«iijs est J«i-oill"1l
Sallc-llcticld (Acetyl Salicylic Ac*. "A. 8. A. ■•>. White Kta wall khjajs
mesas B.jer sosnofsclure. to ssr-M Ids |"-hlle a-retastIsilrtlioai "«■ J*_**e
apsnr i-Ul he stampe*. with tholf senaral tnute mat*, th* "tssm <*****"
Aspirin ts Uk I
aclduilcr of Sallc-llcacld i
tbat Aspirin mesas Bajrer i_..—     .
or Bs-mr Oompsnr will be stamped with thole (costal i
CITY REAL  ESTATE
FOR SALE
Applications for immediate purchase of Lot*
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices i—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms t—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
JOHN 4. HUTTON.
City Clerk.
How better cap. you
1 end the day than
by holding a longdistance telephone
conversation with a
friend?
British  Columbia Telephone
Company
-au-sjl
THE SUN prints all the local news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
llllllllllllilllllliililllllllllllilllll THE SUN: GRAND TORKS, BBTTISH OOLUMBU
<7
cTWARCH 31st
Is the last day for filing returns of Income earned during
the calendar year 1926.
Tbe Increased rebates provided at tbe recent Session of
tbe Legislature in respect of married persons and depend-.
ents may be claimed for this period. The rebates now in
effect are as follows:—
(Married persons, also widows and widowers
with dependent children _  $1,800.00
('Where a husband and wife each have a
separate Income, an aggregate rebate on
$1,800 shall be apportioned between them).
Single Persons, and widows   and   widowers
without  dependent children i  $1,200.00
Bach dependent _ „  I .$" 300.00
Insurance Pentiums paid but not exceeding..$ 600.00
Non-resident persons  _ _ $1,000.00 only
Assessors will make the necessary corrections on returns
where rebates, as revised, have not been claimed.
An Individual whose Income does not exceed $900.00.ls
not required to file a return except upon demand of the
Assessor.
Returns sbould be made promptly in order to avoid incurring penalties.
The necessary forms and full information may be obtained upon application to any Provincial Assessor or to_
the Commissioner of Income Tax, Victoria.
packages   of   bees imported early ln
the spring.
2. By giving combs of sealed brood
from extra strong colonies.
3. BBy shaking Into them bees
front extra strong colonies.
4. Bp placing the weak colonies
over strong colonies with, a Jueen
excluder between, and leaving them
tbere for from two to three weeks.
Remember also that It requires food
to rear bees and that protection from
cold influences the rate of expansion
of the brood nest.—C. B. Oooderham,
Dominion Apiarist.
FROM EVERYWHERE
Ths Canadian racmc purcnasing
office located at Sicamous, B.C.,
spent more than $100,000 in 1926 for
Okanagan products. Fifteen years
ago such purchases amounted to but
$5,000.
Farm Motes
Poor soils mean poverty stricken
farm  homes,
Bow beans every ten days. The
flrst crop Is the best. It doesn't pay
to make the same crop bear too
much.
With the fisheries of the provinoe
of British Columbis running to $21,-
000,000 annually—or half the Canadian total—numbers of enquiries
are being received from financial interests in Eastern Canada and the
United States, witb a view to spying out business opportunities.
Strengthen
Weak Colonies
in th   Spring
In every colony of bees there is a
'certain amount of routine work that
has to done no matter whether there
is a crop of nectar awaiting to be
gathered from the flowers or not.
The amount of surplus honey that
any colony can be expected to store
will be ln direct proportion to the
number of bees It has over and above
.those required to perform the routine
of that colony. Tbese extra bees are
known as the field force and to produce   them   at tbe right time and of
Until the problem of track competition Ib solved satisfactorily all
transportation In Canada will suffer, according to T. E. McDonnell,
I Vice-President of the Canadian Pacific Express Company, ln a Toronto
address recently before the Transportation   Club.    He   states   that
nnder   the   present   transportation
| regulations the railway and express
I companies are operating under very
A few days off occasional! to visit   unfair conditions.
do it isa wise use of time even in a'
busy season. I
Leanness, good green color, soft
stems, and freedom from weeds and
trash are the best indications of high
feed value in alfalfa hay.
Little potatoes are no good for
seed, the Ohio agricultural experimental station says, unless you know
they come from high-yielding disease-free hills. I
the right age requires skill and
knowledge of bee behavior on the
part of the beekeeper. The field
force -mint bt as large as possible
and read"! for work at the commencement Of the main flow of nectar and
to be off, the right age must be produced du-flng the six or eight weeks
just prior to the flow. The first step
Is to have' each colony! headed with a
good, prolific queen during the spring
and early summer, as the queen ls responsible [for laying the eggs that
will produce the workers. The second step Is to have each colony strong
enough to bees to take care of the
maximum amount of brood the queen
can produce. Weak colonies can be
strengthened by any of the following
methods, given in order of preference;
1. By uniting to   them   combless
for the second time in three weeks
the stork has paid a visit to a Canadian Pacific passenger train. Yesterday on the Imperial-Limited go-'
Ing east from Vancouver, Mrs. Olson,
of Malakwa, B.C., gave birth to a
son between Malakwa and Revelstoke. Mrs. Olson was on the way
at the time to the Revelstoke hospital. Railway officials and employees did all in their power to
render assistance.   Telegraphic dis-
___        ,       —— .     _,   ' Patches from the'hospital state that
There   ls   an old saying that the   both mother and aon ... do,     weJ,
best "catch crop" ls to catch up with ___
the weeds. That is well, but a bet-' n. ...ct,0* of j H R Falrbairni
ter way is to keep ahead of them' all of Montreal, chief engineer~^f the
the time. | Canadian Pacific Railway, as presi.
dent of the Engineering Alumni of
the University of Toronto, was an-
nounced at a dinner-smoker of the
alumni held in Hart House recently.
More than 150 graduates acclaimed
the new president -with the enthusiastic spirit characteristic of a gathering of "School" men. The chief
speakers of the evening were Sir
Robert Falconer, President of ths
University, and Mr. Fairbairn.
Don't forget to plant the healthful string bean. They taste mighty
good when winter comes. The Kentucky Wonder is a very prolific
bean, and few, if any, excell it in
flavor.
Owners of automobiles are reminded that licenses are due on the first
of Aril and that application for the licenses should be made before the
flrst, in order to give the agent time
to make them out an<3 to avoid a rush
en the first Application forms may
be obtained at the government office.
The rapid strides made by Prince
Edward Island's seed potato business, aggregating 800,000 bushels !
for the past season, mostly-shipped
sonth, formed a subject of discussion at the 51st annual convention
of the New Brunswick Farmers' and
Dairymen's Association here. It was
pointed out that this business has
rapidly developed; that ten years
back not a single seed potato was
sold outside of the province. The
remarkable advance In this business
was due, it was claimed, to the production of a disease-free potato.
Immigration to Canada in the tan
months of the fiscal year ending
January 31st, amounted to 118,199,
compared with 76,439 for the same
period of 1926-6. This is an increase of 55 per cent. January immigration amounted to 4,164, compared with 2,324 for the preceding
January, a gain of 79 per cent. Of
this Immigration 899 were British,
905 from the United States and 2,360
from other countries. During January 2,297 Canadians who had gone
to the United States with the Intention of remaining permanently returned to Canada, making a total of
60,898 so returned for the ten
months of the fiscal year.
The Hon. William D. Euler, Minister of Customs and Excise, announces that the present period of
30 days of free entry into Canada
of United States motor tourists on
a permit will be extended to 90 days,
to conform with the privilege now
granted by the United States authorities, who admit Canadian cars
carrying motor tourists free into
that country for 90 days. The only
difference will be that the Canadian
permit will not initially be for 90
days, but for a first and second 80-
day extension, if and when the tourists can show bona-fides and recommendation from reputable associations of antomobilist- In the United
States. A larger tourist movement
in Canada is expected to result from
the chango.
''What a terror you are for asking
questions," cried the exasperated
father. "I shall be thankful when
the Christmas holidays are over. I'd
would like to know what would have
happened to hie ff I'd kept on asking
my father puestions when I was
your age."
"Perhaps," suggested the Son, in
correct holiday spirit, "you'd have
been able to answer some of mine."
*m*ro**i-mm.
Jones (very confidentially): "That
pretty little widow over there haB
Bent me box of cigars for Christinas."
Brown (sadly): "Beware of widows' weeds, my son."
,
DO YOU WANT
THE PEOPLE
TO READ YOUR
ADVERTISEMENT
People take The Sun
because they believe
it is worth the price we
charge for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisements. This
is not -always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
WE DO NOT
WANT CHARITY
ADVERTISING--
Advertising "to help
the editor." But we do
want businessadvertisj-
ing by progressive business men who; know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will |benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
board
SUN READERS
KNOW WHAT
THEY WANT
and if you have the
goods you can do business with them THE BUN: GRAND F0BE8, BRITISH COLUMBIA
■<    i
NEWS OFTHE CITY
Harry Armson, James Hurd and
Mr. Walker, veterans of the World
war, returned on Wednesday from
Trail, where tliey appeared before
the army medical board for examination.
'For the Information of those concerned, it ls pointed out that the
time for accepting applications from
persons who are eligible to have
their names included iri the list of
voters for the Grand ForkB-Green-
uwood electoral district, expires Saturday, April 2. Applications must
'be in the hands of the registrar at
the government olliee not later tban
the above date, or if mailed must
bear -the postmark of this date by
{tha forwarding oflice. Thu oflice
closes at 1 o'clock iuu. on Saturday,
April 2.
The orchards In the valley are reported to be in good condition and
the prospects for a big fruit crop
are   bright.
hall on the third floor. It was not
discovered until the following day
when it started to rain.
Rev. and Mrs. Beattie and ten
members of the C. G. I. T. left for
Trail this evening to attend the an-
nujil   convention  of  that  society.
James Kerr, of Penticton, deputy
assessor for this district, was in the
city this  week.
A number of American mining
men inspected the Black Tail mine
on the North Fork the latter part of
last  week.
organized territory or municipalities,
must ln future be licensed. Unlicensed dogs will be destroyed. The
government revenues ..from the dog
licenses will be used for a fund from
which to pay damages to owners
whohe -heap and goats have -geen
killed.
Frank F. Smith, of Vancouver, inspector of the Great West Life Assurance company, was in the city
city the fist of the week.
Beaver trapping opened on March
15th and will continue for six weeks.
Already a number of these animals
have  been captured.
By the passing of the act to protect
sheep, goats and poultry, all dogs
within the provicne,  whether in un-
GETTING SOMETHING FOR NOTHING
Many people deceive themselves Into thinking they can get something
for nothing, especially if they buy
cheap tea and think they will get satisfaction.
"I hear you've got a new baby,
Mandy.   Wbat have you named him?"
"Oh, we calls him Veto, Miss Smif."
"Veto?   And why?"
"'Cause when the doctor came he
says, 'Well, well, lf it ain't another
little  black bawl.'"
HI:   "Say, wher-ve you been?"
Lo:   "To a wedding."
"Any good?"
"Rotten."
"Who got ma rled "
"I did."
John Kitchen is reported to have
made a strike of galena ore on his
mineral claim north of the city.
The time for receiving tenders
for the sale of two Hardie Spray
Machines has been extended by the
provincial   government   to   the    31st
mst mm
The fishing season for the Kettle
river opens on April 1. In the Boundary and Eholt creeks the season
does not open until the 1st of May.
The two latter streams have been
closed for two years, during which
time the flsh have greatly multiplied.
Edward Cousins and Letha M.
McLean, eldest daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. D. J. McLean, of NelBon, formerly of Beaverdell, were married in
Greenwood last Sunday, th'e ceremony being performed by Rev. Andrew Walker.
Soviet Russia Now Plans Bigger
Wool Production
A Russian family of th, prosperous farmiog pctuaat class.
St. Patrick's day was not celebrated in this city this year with the
same ifervor that it was twenty years
ago, when the principal of our high
school lost his situation over his enthusiasm for Ireland.
Mr. and Mrs. P. T. McCallum
gave a dinner to a number of their
friends on Wednesday evening at
the Grand Forks hotel as a celebration of the fortieth anniversary of
their marriage.
While blasting across the North
Fork, where the government Is widening the road, last Wednesday,
some of the rocks were hurled into
the city, and one of them, about
twice the size of a man's fist, went
through the roof and ceiling of the
Hotel    Province    and landed in the
The visit to the United States, at
this time, of Michael 8. Pereferko-'
vltsh, manager of the live-stock department of the Soviet Russian government. Prof. Michel F. Ivanoff of
S Moscow agricultural university,
and N. N. Xlel-nik, official interpreter, carries with it all the significance ot a step to progressive and
modern methods in tho new Russia.
According to these three representatives of the Soviet government,
Russia now ha* about 80,000,000
sheep and hundreds of millions of
head of other live stock.
Rambouillet rams have been purchased by them, not .to increase the
number of sheet-, but to improve
quality. It ls ex;: acted that a better
grade of wool v. ill be produced by
crossing of breeds. In this connection, sheep shearing machinery was
bought to supplant the old-time hand
blades. This in Itself is expected to
increase the wool crop about 1%, not
because the machine shears closer
than hand blade*, but because lt removes the wool evenly and in an
unbroken blankc, leaving no ridges
on the sheep.
Russia ls anxious to enlarge ita
textile business with a view to producing Its own wool for manufac
turing purposes. Another committee
from that country has been studying
textile mills ln Pennsylvania and
Massachusetts.
Admittedly, there ls great need In
Ru-ssia for farming Implements aa
tne Russian farmer now has practically all the land he wants, but Is
unable to develop all of his ground
because of lack of farm machinery.
Another great need is dairy machinery such as milking machines,
cream separators, pasteurizing machinery, horse and cow clipping machines and butter-making machinery.
M. Pereferkovltsh said he Intended
to buy more than 5,000 sheep, but
owing to misinformation as to the
best buying season, he arrived ln this
country too late to get all he wished,
and so expects that next year ha
many as twenty men will be sent to
this country to make these purchases.
Russia ls doing everything possible
to improve farming and dairying
methods. Graduates ot agricultural
schools are teaching' farmers anf
dairymen modern methods and the
use of modern machinery.
Many things point to Russia al
one of the world's great future
sources of dairy produota.
Flourishing Immigration Prospects
Pictures 1 + I -Tsplral eismples «r j an nlle 1 ipe of Immigrants to Cumin.   No. 1 slums 1 children who arrived alone recently.
*,.  Iimiil|T»iit»cromflnf thc decks for a Bret glimpse of Canadian shores.   S.   Sturdy settlers fur lhe Dominion.
Tbe active immigration season of
1927 that has just opened will see,
according to authoritative information given out by the Department of
Colonization and Development of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, the
largest and most effective addition to
Canadian population of any similar
period since the outbreak of the Great
War. In the opinion of authorities it
la not unreasonable for the Dominion
to expect over 200,000 new citizens,
or about 70,000 more than during the
year 1926. During this year Canada
received 135,984 settlers.
Several factors tend towards this
promised increased, of which one of
the most potent in the gradual evolution of sy-tems and a development of
new machinery that has made the
organization well nigh perfect. Further reductions in ocean and rail
rates from the British Isles have induced considerable numbers to submit to the examinations for acceptance under the cheap passage. Applications at the rate of several a day are
being received, it is reported. Already
this year well over 3,000 settlers have
been landed in Canada by the
Canadian Pacific liners plying between this country and the Motherland. It is intere-ting to note that
about sixty per cent of the applicants
are miners and others who have some
knowledge of and experience at farm
work.
The volume of pertinent inquiries
from United States Agriculturists
with_ regard to western Canadian
farming prospects, has been much
heavier this year than for some years,
is the report. This is regarded, as a
most reliable index to the trend of
the movement. A new and significant
movement to develop however is that
of tobacco growers from North and
South Carolina, Virginia and other
states to Western Ontario, being
attracted by the rosy prospects now
facing the Canadian tobacco growing
industry.
Though lana settlement conditions
have drastically changed and the
tendency is to place .newcomers on
vacant lands within reasonable distance of the railways, it was pointed
out that it was a mistake to consider
that homesteading is altogether a
thing of the past as a factor of
western Canadian development.
During the year 1926 homestead
occupations in the west amounted to
an increase of 60 per cent over the
occupations for the previous year,
and accounted for the occupation of
nearly a, million acres of raw land.
This movement in continuing; as is
evident in the figures cf filings in
January 1927 which were 32 per cent
than those of the same month of the
previous year.
The most significant factor today,
it was pointed out, is the local colonization board, through which the
general interest in immigration and
colonization takes practical shape
under the cjircction of the railways.
About 160 c-ir.ilar boards now exist in
western Canada.
Juvenile immigration, the importance ofwhich is being increasingly
realized in recent years, promises to
be very heavy during tlio year 1927,
all of which is being directed towards
the land.
H
ere an
dTK
ere
Nova Scotia's coal output for the
year ended September 30, was 5,-
600,000 tons, as against 3,200,000
tons for the previous year.
Tonnage of freight handled over
the Halifax piers during the year of
1926 shows an increase of nearly 18
per cent. During the season 1,012
trans-Atlantic steamships entered
the port, as compared with 980 during the season of 1925.
Herod's Pride, the mare imported
Into Canada by the Prince of Wales,
and owned by Fred Johnston of Calgary, since last September, has been
sold to the Brown Shasta Stud Farm
in California for a aum in excess
of $6,000.
Orator: "No, gentlemen, Itell you
that lf you want a thing done well
you must always do it yourself."
Voloe from the crowd: " How
about getting your hair cut?"
The J udge: "So your name's
Joshua, eh? Tou are not the Joshua
that commanded the sun to stand
still, are you?"
Eben Holden: Lo', no, judge.
Ah'm de man what made de moonshine."
BRAND FORKS SCHOOL BOARO
TENDERS WANTED
SEALED AND MARKED TENDERS
Will   'be   received   by  -the undersigned up till Monday, April 4th, at
6 P.M., for -the work   and   material
necessary   for replacing of some 25
stair-treads (with dry Coast Fir) in
Central School, City. The lowest or
any tender not necessarily accepted.
JOHN1 A. HUTTON,
Secretary, School Hoard.
Government Property
For Sale
'PENDKBS will be received by the under-
A signed up tu Noon the list of March, 1927
(or the -tie ot twn Hardie Spray Mnoliim s.
These ean be viewed and further infoinia-
tlon obtained Irons P. C B'ack, District Field
Inspector, brand Ifortr.
The bit-hest or any tender not neoessarily
acoeptt-d.
JAMBS P'TBKSON,
Purchasing Agent.
Parliament Build n-rs,
Victoria, B.C.
March Otb, 19*-,
DONALDSON
GROCERY
Phone 20
'S
Try oar Special Ted
at.. 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
money.
Call and see Jus before
purchasing.
JOHN DONALDSON
General Merchant .
GRAND F RKS
Transfer Co.
DAVIS ft HANSBN. Props
•City Baggage and General
Transfer
Coat,  Wood ahd   Ice
for Sale
Office at R. t. Petrie'i Store
Phone 64
DON'T HESITATE!
PHONB 101R
FORFINEPRIHTING
Get Your
Groceries
Phone 25
at the
CITY GROCERY
 "Service and Quality" ||
SYNOPSIS OF
E. G. Henniger Go. Jundact amendments
Grain* Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Ccnteritand Plaster
Poultry Suuplios ,
Grand Forks, K. C.
;lHobby^
is
•Good
Printing
THE value ul' well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a mcimsof getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult u ; before going
elsewh -re.
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
"VT~'f;ng cards
Sir j" hig tag8 -
Letterheads
Statements
Noteheads
Pamphlets
Price lists
. Envelopes
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
Nev Type
Latent Style
*   Faces
THE SUN
Coluu.bU Avenue and
Uke Street
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vui-ant iiiirn.ei'VBtl, silrvujrcd Grown lands
Busy lw|,r- oin|.te,l by Hrlti h subjects over
18 years of uni\ o'M ls> alien-on deolarlM
lutenltouto be-iome Hrlil.h Mibjeois, eunsll-
llouui upon re.i lea-- .„ cupsrloi, and Improvement fur Oirileulieral purposes.
I'ull Information coiwis-niu* re-riiietlont
rcgiirillnit pre emotions Is rlven;iu Bulletin
No. 1, Lun i Sorios. "slow to l-'re-esnut Land."
co|ik« of wi.ioli can be obtained freo of chut*,
by ad4reuiUR iIsl- lieu'runaui of Lands,
Victoria. U.C. orsioy Government Agant.fJH
Beoords will'* made oov.rio* ouly land
suitable for ajrilculliiral purposes, and which
Is not timberland. I e„ oarr-rliuj- over 5,000
uonrd foet nor nore-We«of tiie Coatt Kann
and 8 WW feet por aure test cf tbat rauge.|
Applications ior pre-emptions ar* to bt
addressed to ibe Lais.l Oomml.sloller ot tba
Land Keoordluif Division, In wbleli tbe land
applied for ls situated.and are mel. oa
printed forms oopl's of o in bj obtained
from the Land Uonunissloier.
I're eniptions must be oaouulud ror Ure
I'earsaud Improvem-ints made to value of lit
Ts*raore, inuliili.irtul'irlnir aud otiltlvatiac
at least live acres, beiore n Crown limit ean
be received. ,
Kormorodctatiecuntormaiiouseethe Bnl.
letin '-How to Pre-empt Land."
PURCHA8EC
Appllcatloissare received for purchase of
vaoant and unreserved Crown Lands, noli being timberland, for agricultural purposes:
inlnlmtim prloe of llrst-olass (arable) laud Is
I* per nore. aud second-class (g-raiinc) Jaud
*'■•6* per aore. h'ur.her Information retarding purchase or lease ol Crowu lands Is given
In Hulletln No. 10, Land SoMes. "Pniehasa and
Lease of Crown Laud*.'
MID, factory, or In "Atrial sites ou Umber
laud, not exceeding tn aores, may be purchased or leased, On conditions Including
|m' incut ot ^tumimge.
HOMESITE  LEASES
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding M acres,
may bo leased as homesltes, conditional upou
a duelling being e eoteil lu the first year,
title being obtainable alter residence tnd
i mpi'ovemeiit conditions tre fsllfilled aud land
lias been surveyed.
LEASES
for grazing and Industrial purposes areas
not exceeding 810 acres may be leased by one
person or aoompany..
GRAZING.
1'ndn: the Grazing Act the Pnirine* to
divided Intograilug dl,trict, aud tha range
administered under a Qraxlng Com-
mltaloner. Annual grailng permits ar*
issued bated ou numbers ranged, priority being given to established ownen. Stoek
owuers may Ioru> associations for rang*
management. Free, or partially free, permits
are availablce lor settler., -tampers and
travellers np to ten head.
K* SCHKER
Wholesale and Retail
TOBACCONIST
staler in
Havana Cigars* Pipes
Confectionery
 -m—
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forks. B. C.
TELEPHONE
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yalb Hotel,   Fihbt  ihkkt
A. E. MCDOUGAL
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
A&ent
buminion Monumental Worka
Assb-n-toa Producte Co. Rooftn-t]
ra» ESTIMATES FURNISHED
BOX 332
BRAND FORKS, I. C
PICTURES
ANO PICTURE FRAMIHS
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds,
Upholstering Neatly Dona
R. G. MoCOTCHBON
WINNIMQAVUOI

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