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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 17, 1915

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 ��������� *'  ''- v7-jV,������ *V-    '���������'   '���������  __h.������ii>___n.:uu.-^~._:._!!____2>i__i'_V������.f_*������fc_ *'  Kettle Valley Orchardist  -FOURTEENTH.YEAR���������No   29  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, MAY 17, 1.915  $1.00 PER YEAR  I-  c  NEEDS FUND!  THE MANITOBA SCANDAL  . The Canadian. Red Cross society  ���������   has issuedthe -following' appeal  to  the.public:  The   record   of the deeds, of the  sailors and soldiers  of -the   empire  during the present war has aroused  in us all a just pride and admiration  of their-courage and endurance, sot-  . row;-'at   their   sufferings and-hard-  ships,-and also heartfelt" sympathy  for the friends and relations of those  ' who have been  "wounded   or   have  .given   their   lives for  our security  and freedom.  We all feel that they   have   nobly  played their .part and fully  deserve  - our unstinted gratitude and   praise.  We .who  have stayed at home and  taken no place in  tbe   battle . line,  . have also a part fo play-and a duty,  to perform which may be  set  forth  in   a   few words.    First of" ail   to  honor the  dead, then - to succor the  sick and the wounded, and lastly to  care for those who are, by   reason of  wounds or disease, rendered incapa  ble   of   earning  their   daily bread.  Nor is this all, for those   who   were  dependent on them in times of peace  ���������the mother, the widowed wife and  the   orphan    children���������can   justly  claim their .share  of  our gratitude  and help.and not in vain. Much'has  already been done in these directions  by the people of Canada through the  Patriotic .league and   Red   Cross society, and we oan not  fear that  the  springs of generosity will.dry up before we have fulfilled our duty.  The recent list of casualties, more  especially of the Canadian expeditionary force, clearly indicate to  those who administer the funds arid  supplies of the Red Cross society,  that the available resources at present in hand will speedily disappear,  and can only be maintained in ihe  future by the steady flow both of  money and supplies; and not by  apusmodic appeals made too late, to  be really effective,  To secure the supply of funds so  .������������������much needed, there seems to be only  one way, nimely,- that' every one  should be called upon to practise  some self-denial, and set aside a  monthly contribution of money or  material as may be required.  Where branches of the Red Cross  are established such contributions  should be forwarded by the executive of such branches at least monthly   to   the   headquarters of  the so-  The crisis in the political affairs  of Manitoba has been partly eclipsed  by the absorbing character of the  war news during the past ten days.  If the ' attention of the people of  Canada-were not directed almost exclusively to the events in Europe,  the extremity of the -Roblin government and the circumstances which  have brought it about, would prove  the sensadon of the day in this  country." Most.people are doubtless  aware that a commission of judges  was appointed, on   the   demand  of  CANADA NEEDS A  Shrapnel making has- grown- to be  one of the great industries of Canada.  War otder.s have set wheels in all  parts of the court try turning on shell  fabrication. Within a shoit time  every step in the process of .shell  manufacture will be taken in Canada  from mining tha copper, zinc and iron;  nicipal council and the board of  trade "of that place for Monday evening May 31. A reception will be  held at8:15 and the banquet at tbe  Incola hotel will commence at 8:<15.  the fabrication af the   explosives and  the lieutenant-governor of the  prov-|the   shaping   and   assembling of the  Rev. J. S. Henderson, of Vancouver, representing the Social Service Council ef British Columbia,  addressed a large audience in the  Empress theatre on Monday night  on the subject of "Prohibition and  the War." Musical numbers were  rendered by G. M. Lee, Arnold Carter. W. H. Tasker-and H.   Burden.  PROGRAM FOR  VICTORIA DAY  ince, to inquire into  charges  made  by the opposition concerning wrong  doing   in   connection with the erec  tion   of   the   provincial  porliatuent  buildings.    It is alleged   that  there  has been misappropriation of a large  s'um of monpy,- approximately eight  hundred thousand dollars, as  a  result of manipulation of accounts, in  the construction of the   foundations  of the  building     During  the   late  session of the legislature an   inquiry  by   the   public accounts committee  established a prima  facie  case, and  the lieutenant governor, against' the  advice   of   his   ministers,   thought  there should be a   fuller   investigation into the matter.  He refused the  government   prorogation " until   it  promised   a   commission of  .ample  powers   to   probe   deeper   into the  facte.    The government was   forced  to  agree, but   attempted   to  foist'a  partizan commission upon the  lieutenant governor; who again put    his  foot down and insisted upon   a com  mission which could  be relied upon  to render a finding in harmony with  the   evidence   of    witnesses.      The  premier was forced to accede to this  demand, and a commission of judges  was-appointed.    From the first day  of the sitting of this commission the  lawyers for the government,   one   of  whom is Mr. Phippen, magnate and  legal adviser of the C N.R., have endeavored by every legal quibble  in  their < power,  to' delay   proce dings.  Important witnesses have fled to the  United States, and finally Mr. Phip  pen made an application for an-: i'1  junction to restrain the commissioners   from   hearing  evidence.    This  course, of course, which in itself was  sufficient   to   condemn  the government of'Sir Rodmond  .Roblin,   was  taken for a twofold-purpose: to stave  off the ..inevitable doom of   the   ad  ministration   and    to  enable  Hon.  "Bob"   Rogers  to "pull  off" a Do  minion   election   with  the   Roblin  government iu control of the politi  cal   machine  of   Manitoba.    Now,  although tbe royal commission only  parts. Hundreds of workmsn and  almost 200 establishments are already"  executing shrapnel o-iders. The only  operation which Canada does not  carry out at present is making brass  for the cartridge case. While the  zinc and copper are milled in Canada  they are not refined here, that being  done in the Unhed States. In the  past it has been found convenient to  sell zinc and copper matte to Aineri-  can "refiners* and buy back the pure  copper and zinc, or the two combined  with tin to form brass. There has  been no brass making of consequence  in Canada,  With-the demand for shell brass  reaching great proportions there has  been an investigation into ihe possibility of having the copper and zinc  refining and brass making carried out  in this country. "It" is learned 'that  the thing could be easily done,-although there might have to be the  actual government assistance at the  start. The refining operations are  likely to be carried out in British Columbia, where there are great deposits  of copper aud zinc ores and. where  coal and water powers are abundant.  The brass can be made here or .elsewhere.  It is said that a considerable amount  of outside capital will come into Canada for investment in   both  this   and  the explosive industry.  At' the court of revision, held in  the court house last Monday for the  .purpose of revising the provincial  voters' list, a large number of  names of non-residents were- struck  off   and   many   new   voters    were  *dded.  a1  Arthur Roberts, road superintendent of Greenwood district, has received official notice from Ottawa  that his brother Frank, who has  been serving with tbe 7th battalion  in France, is missing.  Ed Slanavay returned on Thursday from the Spokane automobile  show with an autoload of Grand  Forks, Greenwood and Pheenix  people. Don Manly represented the  local contingent at the show.  Government Agent \V.   R. Dewd-  ney,   of" Greenwood, has  been   ap  pointed an official   member  of   the  board   of   directors   of  the "Sacred  Heart hospital.  Provincial Constable H. -C Williams, of this city, left last Saturday for a vacation trip to California.  He is relieved by Constable A.  Johnston, of Greenwood.  IEWS Of TOE CITI  A   telegram   was  received in   the  city   this   week   saying   that A. Po  Sergt.-Major Tennant, of Nelson,  formerly of the Mother Lode, is  among the list of wounded. He was  a clerk and had served with the  Coldstream Guards. He left with  the first contingent.  At the court of revision for the  Greenwood electoral district, held in  Greenwood last Monday, .fifty-eight  names were struck off the voters'  list.  All free miners' certificates expire  tentier, of the first contingent of the on May 31, and should   be  renewed  Canadian  expeditionary   force, now on or before date,  ciety at 77 King street east, Toronto, | had begu_   ,_ tak_ evidence) 8Uch a  and   n the absence of such branches ca8e httB been   established  that   the  they may be sent direct���������bearing in  mind that no contribution is too  small to be gratefully received and  recorded.  Roblin government has gone down  in dishonor. But the fact to be remembered is the Roblin government  was a creature of Hon. "Bob"  Rogers, the man who was chiefly responsible   for   the scandals in con-  fighting in. Flanders, was missing.  Mr. Potentier left Grand Forks with  the volunteers .from this city for  mobilization at Valcartier, Que , on  August 28, 1914:. He is a married  man, aud bis family reside in this  city. The men composing the first  contingent from this city were: A.  Potentier, F. J. Hicks, M. F Mudge.  D. Paterson, Percy Taylor, J. D.  Hunter, J. Me,Kay, W. L. Reid,  G. K. Ashby, L.Green, Ellis Bick-  lei, J. H. Slater, G. J. Fritz, S.'E.  Mills and 0. Clifford.  Bryant-Simpson  Herbert Bryant, of Greenwood,  and Miss Jennie Simpson, of Grand  Forks, were united in marriage at  tbe home of the bride's mother,  Mrs. C. K. Simpson, in this city on  Wednesday    afternoon.    The  cerf-  Th'e following is the list of prizes  offered in the sporting events at the  Victoria day celebration in 'this city  next Monday:  9:00 a.m.-:���������Address by Mayor Gaw.  9;15 a.m.���������Children's Events:  Girls'   race,   under  15, 50 yards���������  First prize, $1.00; second prize,   50c;  third prize, 25c.  Boys' race, under 10, 100 yards���������  First, $1.00; second. 50c.    .  Boys' sack race, 50 yards���������First.  81.00; second, 50c.  Girls'  race,   under 10,   50 yards���������  First, $'1.00, second. 50c;   third.   25c.  Girls' three-legged race. 50 yards���������  First, 81.00; seoend,   50c; third, 2oe.  Boys' slow bicycle race, 50 yards���������  Fiist, $1 00; second, 75c.  Young ladies' egg and spoon race,  50 yards���������Ensign camera, value 80,  donated..by Lake studio.'  Committee���������H. C. Kerman and  Charles Mudge  10:15 a.m.���������Men's Sports:  100 yards dash���������First prize,  S2.50;  second prize, ������1.00.  Relay race, four men to team���������  First, ������4.00.    '  Three-leged race���������First; S2.50;  second, 81.00,  Fat men's race,- 200 pounds and  over���������First, box cigars; second, 81.00  Thin men's race, 100 yards, 135  pounds and over 35 years of age���������  First, 82.50; second, $1.00.  . High jump���������First, 82.50; second,  81.00.  Broad jump���������First, $2.50; second,  81.00.  Plop, step and jump���������First, S2.50;  second, ������1.00,  Tug of war���������Prize value 86.00;  cigars donated by L. X. Truxler,  Boundary cigar factory.  Committee���������D. McQuarrie,   Frank ������������������  Miller and George Lee.  At the ball  grounds:  2:00 p.m.���������Maneuvers by  the  Grand  Forks company ol the  54th  battalion, Canadian  expeditionary force.  2:30 p.m.���������Baseball, Nelson vs Grand  Forks.  3:45 p.m.���������Pony races; suitable prizes  4:00 p.m.���������Football, Nelson vs.Grand  Forks.  Committee���������A. E.   Mellin,   Frank  Haverty and Fred Brereton.  In the opera house.  7?45   p.m.���������Basketball,   Nelson    vs  Grand Forks, for  championship   of  Kootenay and Boundary.  9:0U p.m.:���������iVictoria day ball.  Fatal Accident  An automobile occupied by J. F.  Moore,   his   wife  and  child, while  crossing the Great  Northern    track  one mile south of Gray, Wash., was  struck    by     the   Spokane Oroville  train on Monday evening. The baby  was   instantly   killed, and Mr. and  Mrs. Moore were seriously  injured,  mony, which was witnessed only by |The lrab broUght  th_ injllred ones  and    the   body   of ' the  Any other method than the above Rogers, the man who was chiefly re- On May 31 next, when " the Can  causns a loss of power to do good, sponsible for the scandals in con- adian Pacific railway and the Kettle  and this has been clearly established neetion with the militia department; Valley line will inaugurate a through  by past experience. Surely, no one of the- Ottawa government, fhe j passenger service from^Nelson to the  who/realizes his debt to the men j effects of the revelations in Manitoba'coast via Penticton "and Spence's  who are defending his liberty, and ( will be far-reaching. If Sir Robert Bridge, tbe running time between  has a heart and a conscience, will i Borden does not remove from his Nelson and Midway will be consid-  fail in such a duty, a duty in which administration-the stigma of Rogers, jerably reduced and a dining car will  even children may share. he too will suffer the consequences, j be  added   to tho train. . The train  It is estimated that if each head The political "machine" of British, leaving Nelson will run through to  of a family throughout the Domin- Columbia is a faithful and true j Penticton, but the crew will only op-  ion contributed but five cents a ] model of the "machine" established j erate it as far as Midway, where it  month during the duration of the by Rogers in the prairie province, ! will be turned over to the Kettle  war, sufficient money, for all pur- jand the political conditions here to- j Valley line. To mark the arrival of  poses would be obtained, and few:day closely approximate those in the first trains in Penticton a ban-  are too poor to be unable to Jo so.   Manitoba.    / quet is being arranged by  the   mu-  a few friends and relatives of the  interested parties, was performed  by Rev. M. D. McKee. Mr. and  Mrs. Bryant will make their future  home in Greenwood.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.  May 14���������Friday  48  15���������Saturday   .... 43  16���������Sunday, 33  17���������Monday  49  IS���������Tuesday  51  19���������Wednesday .. 50  20-Thursday  49  Max.  56  58  69  59  61  00  G7  body of the baby to  Valley, Wash. Mr. Moore and his  wife were taken lo the Cartwright  hospital,where Mrs. Moore died that  night. The family lived on a farm  seven miles west of Valley, and  were on their to LaCrosse, Wash.,  to visit Mrs. Moore's brother.  When the Great Northern train  arrived in this city, the coaches  showed every evidence of having  been in a wreck, and the pilot of the  engine had also been badly damaged.  Rainfall  No promotions have  been  made  in   what   is   now the Grand Forks  company of the 54th battalion, and  none can be made until the battaliou  fin:hes\is organized, according to the   ofii-  1.40  cer in charge.  mmsmsmmmmmEamiimm  mwmumim  SMRSI- rw  SES, grand "forkiei, b.E  Visit the Schools  Setting   Forth   How   Grown-Folk   Can  Help  the  Country  School  (.Douglas Field in the Banker-Farmer)  1C all the' farm mothers aud fathers  were   stood  in -a  long  row���������what' a  row that would be!���������and asked how  often they visited their nearest rural  ^school, how do you think the answer  /would  show up?  If the meu and women in this line  who hadn't visited a school last year  were asked- to sit down, how many do  you .suppose would remain standing?  , These are things lo think about.  ,IOducailbn is the most important  girt a child can receive. 11 is the one  girt that makes all others valuable.  .\iitl statistics show that the average  country child gets nearly all tlie education he over will get iu the rural  school���������the qrossroads schoolhousc,  1 not more than three or four miles,  at most, from your door, ���������Ir. and Mrs.  Fanner.  What do you know about Ihe school  room, aside from the fact that it is  painted red or gray on the outside  and that you once attended a meeting  there when Professor Somebody.spoke  on "The Decline of Culture," or drank  in its stuffy air one "closing day"  'steen  years ago?  What do you know about the teacher who there is instructing your boys  and girls, or your neighbor's, in the  very cloruentals of usefulness and  right' actions and courtesy?  ~ ��������� Do you, of your personal knowledge,  know" that teacher is doing these  things?  Are you acquainted with the way  tne building is heated and ventilated?  Do yon know what sort of light  falls on the desks,���������whether it is calculated to help fhe children or ruin  their eyesight?  Have you ever taken the trouble to  go around at-recess time to sec how  and where and what the children  play? Or whether they- play at all?  To begin with, maybe you are not  aware that your ability to answer  these questions gauges your good  motherhood and fatherhood-and your  good citizenship. It does, nevertheless. If is one of your first duties to  know what is going on in the. schoolhousc; how the teacher manages and  leads and guides; what provision is  made for the health-, comfort and safety of the children.  Wven the most earnest and enthusiastic teachers will sort'of slow down  in their efforts to "do. good work if  they see no signs of interest or cooperation on the part of the parents;  if none of the fathers- and mothers  ever come round to see how things  are going..  ICven the best home regulations  for the maintenance of health and  . strength can be upset by bad conditions in the schoolhouse. As a matter  of Tact, this' health side of the question is. so important that no parent  can afford to stay away from the  school. If you think this is an exaggeration, read ihe following, whicli  recently was published in the Banker-Farmer:  "Two years ago the American Medical association appointed a committee to co-operate with a similar committee of the National Education association in an investigation of public  schools as regards health and hygiene. - After a preliminary survey of  the field, occupying the first year, it  was decided that, contrary to popular  belief, the rural school was more in  need of attention and assistance than  the city school; and a careful survey  was immediately started, which' included a detailed study of special  districts in tlie east and south, as  well as general investigations which  gathered statistics from every; state,  in  the "Union.  "While.'the work of the committee  is only begun! enough has been learned to show that the sanitary condition  of rural schools is'not nearly so satisfactory as was generally supposed.  Dr. T. D. Woqd, chairman of the education committee, recently described  in detail the results of the investigation to date, and-a review of this report in the Journal of the American  .Medical Association contains s.ome  striking facts for the people of rural  communities to think about.  Dr. Wood gives a few specific instances in proof of the general proposition that the country school child  is from 15 to 20 per cent, more defective than the city child. In Pennsylvania a study'of I.Stfl rural school  districts was made, and tlie health of  the children in these. districts was  contrasted ' with the health of the  school children in Harrisburg, Pittsburg and Altoona. Tim percentage of  defective children in Altoona was 69  per cent., in Pittsburg T..2 per cent.,  while in the rural districts studied  tiie aggregate of defective children  amounted to T.'i per cent. This means  that three-fourths of the _!'M,4_7 country school children in Pennsylvania  a.-e in need of special care and treatment, while even in New' York City  niily"72 per cent, of the children aro  .it all defective."  Reviewing this situation, the .lour-  ���������ial of the American Medical Associa-  :ion recently said:  "The results of this survey of rural  schools cannot fail to shatter some  of our previously conceived views regarding rural conditions, and fit the  ���������iniiie time to point out the remedy.  Not one state in five today provides  I'or  its   country  school  children.    I'n  :_c_  is no more necessary  thanSmallpox, Army  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efficacy, and harmless.ess, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vaccinated NOW by your'-physiciaa, you and  your family. It js more vital than house insurance,  Ask your physician, dnig.lst, or send for- "Have  you had Typhoid?" tellin. of Typhoid Vaccine,  results from use, and danger from Typhoid Carriers.  THE CUTTER LABORATORY, "__BKH._Y, CAL.  PRODUCING VACCINES ft SERUHS UNDER U. S. 40V. '.ICF-SK  Support Your  Pull  You  most of the cities sonfe kind of supervision and care of school children is  maintained, but rural schools have  so far been- left very largely to shift  for themselves.  "'The welfare of our-country,' says  Dr. Wood, 'depends on no" factor more  indispensable, more vii'al, than the  welfare of our rural life. -.n\r linest  crops arc our children. Tho "fanner,  does not see this truth. If ho did, lie  would rise up and demand.state protection for his youngsters���������a more importation matter than tariff regulation.' " ".  Yes, ho'w is he farmer going lo'risc  up and make these demands unless ho  has personal knowledge of the conditions that exist and as they exist?  1-1 ow is he-to bo worked up to the  driving point unless he seeks to inform himself in this most important  matter?  He and his wife have got to visit  the schools once in a while,���������not. on  exhibition days, when everything  looks its best and when no proper-  survey of actual working conditions  is possible, but on regular school  days when -no one expects visitors  and when things appear as they are  ninety-nine  per  cent,  of  the  time.  It   dops   not   require- much   of   an  outlay ot" time, effort, or money  111 this duty.    Do.not let this  tunity pass.  to ful-  oppor-  Prospects  Are   Bright  For the  Cattle  Raising - Industry   in   Western  Canada  Much   interesting  information   was  contained in the report of the secretary   of   the     Saskatchewan     Cattle  Breeders' association,  at  the annual  meeting held at Hegina recently-. The  repo:!; iu pait was as, follows:  If anything, the situation with regard, to the cattle breeding industry  has become more serious, and the  shortage of beef cattle more marked.  This is not only true of the Dominion  of Canada, but also ot the United  States, Great Britain and France. In  fact, the shortage is world wide. The  figures in proof of this are :ts follows:  One year's decrease in cattle in:  Canada, 9-3 per cent.; United States,  :-J.3 per cent.; Britain, 2.1 .per cent.;  France, 9 per cent.  Th : the shortage is acutely felt r���������t  the leading markets is shown by the  following figures take;i for the month  of September, 1*113 and 1014, at the  six. leading cattle markets" iu the  United States, namely: Chicago,  Kansas City,-Ohama, St. Louis, St.  Joseph and Sioux City. The total  number received during September,  1913, was 954,181, : nd durk'g Septem- j  ber, 1914, was 814,9S5, or a decrease of  139,196.  It might not be fair to take that as  an average decreas' but cutting these  figures exactly in half we have a total  decrease in cattle shipments for the  year, ;,t the above named markets,  835,176 head, or roughly speaking,  300,000 pounds of beef. This decrease  for the entire United States for 1913  has been estimated at nine beef cattle per 100 people. Owing to Xhe abolition of the United States tariff, a^f  large number of Canadian catth went  south. The St. Paul market alone received 38,628.head. ���������  The question may be asked, granting these figures to be correc", why  the price of beef is not higher.- In  this regard it may be stated that-the  retail price of all meats in Canada today is approximately, the same as in  Great Britain. The average price of  choice beef, per pound live weight  during 1914 at the leading western'  markets was: Choice steers, Toronto,  7.67 cents; Chicago, 9.33 cents; Montreal, 6.62 cents; Winnipeg, 6-07 cents";,  Calgary, fj.94 cents. Whilst the retailers' prices in the followiug'cities were  ���������Sirloin steak, Montreal. 22.7 cents;  Winnipeg,   26.S   jer-ts;     Regina,  cents;   Calgary, . 22-8   cents.   Medium I population, where he can enjoy more  Together  and   by  so   Doing  Will   Work   For  Your  Own  Best  Interest  An   article   has   been  appearing   in  sevaral of the western weeuly papers  .dealing with the question  frequently  discussed, that of supporting the local  merchant in preference to patronizing  mail  order  houses.     The    article   in  question   originally, appeared    in   the  Farm .Journal,  an American .publication, and was widely copied.    It purported   to   be   ih0   experience   of   a  farmer who had commenced in a small  way   and   with   very   liih.il.cd   means.  During  his  early  struggles    lie  had  been   greatly   assisted   by   tlie   local  merchants who lfad extended credit.to  him when he was unable to pay, n'rul  carried his account from year to'year  until   more   prosperous   times,   when  the stale of his finances enabled him  to become clear of indebtedness. And  at. this time enters the attractive mail  order lr use catalogue. The result was  that, instead of standing by the local  merchants who had been-his mainstay  in early days, he seal his money out  of.town:   His neighbors also, followed  his  example  in   patronizing  the  mail"  Order houses, with varying success in  securing value for L.eir money. Tin's  state of affairs had tlie inevitable result of forcing many of the merchants  of  his-home   town   out   of   business.  Later tho farmers of the surrounding  district became aware of the fact'that  value of farm property had materially  decreased.    No one wanted lo buy a  farm that was not in the vicinity of a  good     live  town,   where  there   were  good schools and churches and other  'advantages  to be had.    Most of  the  business   places     had    been    closed  through lack of support, and the town  had finally dwindled in population until it -had almost ceased to exist.  This palpable lack of foresight/'was  now realized by the farmers, who finally came to the conclusion that it  was "to their own interest to support  the local merchant, for by so doing  thoy not only kept the money in circulation in their own district, but  also assisted in building up a live  business centre adjacent to their  farms, wit.i all the * advantages it  gave them.  This article brought forth comments from some farmers, not all of  which were favorable. It was pointed  out that in many "cases tiro -country  merchant charged exorbitant prices  for his commodities, frequently was  able by so doing to ride cround in his  automobile, and quite often retired  with a competence, after a few years  spent in successfully fleecing the  guileless farmer. Another point was  that the local merchant did not or  would not keep a-proper range of  stock, and it was often necessary to  send to the mail order houses iu order to receive the articles required.  This is a wide subject, the different  phases of which must be viewed impartially to arrive at a proper conclusion. No doubt there are many short  sighted merchants, 'who for a time" at  least and especially in. the newer settlements, make a;practice of charging  extortionate prices for their wares.  These are the men who will tell you  that the high freight rates on mosquito'-netting are responsible for- the  prices they ask for this article, which  is equal to the price of silk in more-  favored centres closer to the base of  supply. There are other merchants  who -neglect to study the requirements of the trade, and do not keep a  properly assorted . stock on their  shelves. As a general-rule, however,  competition comes sooner or later,  and the enterprising man with the  goods and reasonable prices, is the  man who usually survives. It is true  that the local merchant, the same as  the farmer is iu business to make a  living, and if fortune favors him, perhaps a competence. 'He sometimes is  able to indulge in the luxury .of.'kn.  automobile, and less often succeeds in  amassing-a modest fortune on which  to retire. Likewise it sometimes happens that the successful farmer owns  his own car, and before he becomes  too old to enjoy life, is able to dispose of his farm and retire to a less  strenuous existence in some centre of  fbi*  Millions of.pounds'  .of- delicious ."Crown  Brand" . Corn Syrup  are sold every year to  mothers, just- for the  children.- '    '  ���������Mothers know it is practically all jiourislitnent..  They know it is a food���������that Bread spread with  "Crown Brand" makes a well balanced food  that sustains and builds'up the strength'. ���������,  Mothers know, too, that "Crown Krancl" is ih'c'i'/tosi  economical "sivccteuiiig" for ail.sorts of Cakes, Pics,.  Puddings and Sauces���������and is the whole thing for delicious homemade Candies. ���������  WHITE" is our pure white Com Syrup���������not  11 flavor as ������������������Crown JJruiirt"���������equally  "LJLY  ho pronounced in  choice for tho tabic and for candy making,  ASK   YOUH..GROCER-IN^2,  B. 10 AND   20  POUND TINH.  The Canada Starch Co:', Limited, Montreal  Preparing Poultry  Clear-Cut Facts  How Can These Thoughtless Farmers  be Reached?  We have di3.u_.3ed the question of  fitting poultry properly before shipping to market until it would se'em  that the trouble has become chronic  with us. No one can appreciate'"'the  need for more education and demonstration along this very line until he  sees for himself the boxes of birds  that come to city dealers Apart altogether from the- act that feed is  scarce, any thrifty farmer or farmer's  wife would offer th- most severe criticism if he or she could see what we  have seen. The Central Farmers'  Market of Winnipeg very wisely took  a few specimens of poorly dressed  birds and. presented- them before the  delegates to the Grain Growers' convention at Brandon. JCvcry farmer  and farmer's wife who saw them was  asfounished to think that any farmer  would be foolish enough to .ship siieh  stuff to market.  Yet that exhibit was quite typical'of  hundreds of pounds of dressed poultry  that come on our western markets.  There is no possible excuse for shipping birds that are so thin that no  city family would take them as a  gift. Some geese.and turkeys come,  on the market that are smaller ihan  medium sized ducks, and ducks are  shipped that'would uot make a meat  for two. Some cases of all. classes  of fowl come to market half plucked,  dirty, bloody and so thin that, they -iages  can only be handled by restaurants pire  for making ppt pie. For this -purpos.  the price is naturally very low. It  is really astonishing to see the miserable condition in which some farm 2 rs  send their poultry to market.  Now,   who  sends  this   poor  trash?  We know, as well as does the general  public,     that  the  thrifty  farmer  or  farmer's wife would no: think of ship- ji  ping poultry to market before it was  Some   Good   Advice   and 'Informatiow  Regarding  Economic Questions  in Canada  The first essential for^ood crops i_  good seed.  Paradoxical as it may seem, the Allies are fighting for peace.  Cattle are down because cereals arp,  up. Cattle were up when cereal?  were down. Such changes are inevil.-.  able in compliance with the laws 0/  supply and demand.  Wheat-stuffs are rising- in price, in  Britain. - Before summer comes there  will ha a marked ascendance in Caa-  ada'.  JCvery city, town and district shoul.  have a committee or commissioner of  employment to help everybody to  have work.  Farm labor is _ca: c all over Europe  as well as in Canada. In Britain there  is talk of. putting boys en farms instead of sending them to school.  In tlie last three months of 191$  Canada's exports, principally of bread-  stuffs,' to Britain, compared with the  same period of 1918, showed ah increase in value of $9,5t)0,000.  A German scientist is said to have  discovered a method by which straw  can be converted-into wholesome food,  for human beings. This is an excellent  example of the. result of enforced'  economy.  Good   seed   on   good'soil   benefit.  both sower.and reaper.   It also advan-  the country and .Jielps the em-  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure <n Sun, Duslan^VVInd  ���������w p������&.(������* quickly relieved by riurino  V ^C* 2_^ EjcHem5l,y- ^������ Smarting,  T-^. pt Eve Coniioit. A������  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Ey������  SaiveinTubes25c. ForBookoflheEycFreeask  Drueerists 01 Murine Eve SrrWv J*o.. C.bir.nnn  ������    '  ' '. ���������" ..       ' *   j1"'1  V. N. U. 1047  chuck, Montreal, 18 cents;  Winuipe  18.8  cents;   Hegina,  IS.4  cents;   Calgary, 15 cents.  The question deserves consideration.-  The farmer who had a dozen good  breeding females last fall, and in  spite of the scarcity of feed, still has  them is the man. who, if he is a  ���������: ockinnn. is going to make money  within the next three years. The market for good 'breeding females is not  only here, but is here to .tay.'The  moito of the cattle breeder should  be: "Retain the good females, finish  ihe steers properly."  A tourist in tho mountains of Kentucky had dinner with a querulous old  mountaineer, wheyawped about hard  times fifteen minutes at a stretch.  "Why, man," said the tourist, ''you  ought to be able to make lots\ of  money shipping green corn to the  northern markets."  "Yes, I orter," was tho sullen reply.  "Vou have the laud, I suppose, and  can get tlie seed?"  "Yes, 1 guess so."  "Then, why don't you go into tlie  speculation?"  "No use, strangeiW sadly replied  the cracker, "the old woman is too  lazy to do tlie plowin' and plantin'."  Toachei���������Where is the Dead Sea?  Tomuiin���������Don't  know,  ma'am.  "Don't know  where the Dead Sea  ?*'  "No.  ma'am.    I   didn't  even  know  my of the seas were sick, ma'am."  of tlie artificial comforts of life.  No one with experience can honestly deny the fact that real bargains are  sometimes picked up through mail order channels. On tho other hand,'  how often are "bargains" woefully disappointing. Tlie small amount saved  usually does not recompense one for  the feelings of depression when the  "bargains" arrive and are inspect*..  It follows as a general principle  that it is to every one's advantage  to patronize the local merchant. It is  manifestly unfair to the local dealer  to ba saddled with the burden of extending credit to the community from  one crop season to another, while  the cash trade goes to tho catalogue  house. Apart from the matter of  credit, which does not-always enter  into consideration, the -ocal stores  are a real convenience and necessity.  They are AvltMn easy reach to supply  your daily requirements, and are indispensable to the life of a community.  It is to the best interests of each  individual to work 'for the growth  and advancement of "the town and district in which he lives. Only through  loyally supporting by influence and  patronage the lotal institutions, can  he hope to contribute to the expansion and activity of the home" town  with all Us attendant advantages.    .  is  "I hope," said one wife to another,  "that you never nag your husband.'  "Only when he is beating the rugs,"  said the second one. "When he is  thoroughly irritated he makes a much  better job of it."  properly fattened, properly cleaned  and dressed and presented in the best  possible shapr. if they had no grain  to fatten them, they would keep them  at home, and, if they wanted to know  how to dress 'and pack them, they;  would find out rather than ship them  in "any-old-shape."..Such stuff is shipped by the disinterested, uneducated  farmer, the man who does not take a  farm paper,and to whom the education afforded by our agricultural colleges does not appeal." He does not  read; he does not know; and, perhaps, he does not care. ,  ' This class is' always the mosfdiffi-  cult to reach. How can they be reached? It-will require some co-operative  effort to reach iliem. For instance,  one way would ba ior dealers to keep  a list of the names of shippers who  send forward this poor stuff and turn  these names over to those who have  charge of tis educational work, say,  our agricultural colleges or depart- '  ments of agriculture. Tlie shipper  could then be reached dir.ct by letters of information, or personally visited by a district representative or  agricultural secretary, siich as are  found in  some  provinces of Canada,.  All warfare is savage, but civilized  men whom the savage lias called to  arms must be clothed and  fed.  All the countries of Europe, except  i itig only Russia? will  this year need  ! to be importers of.wheat, of oats and  iof barley..   So,   too,   will    Australia,  where the effects of last-year's drouth  still disastrously felt..  M the war lasts six months more,  it is estimated that between five and  six million, horses will have been sac _  rificed.  Great Britain bought thousands of  horses from - Hungary? during the  South African war���������a market that is  completely clo.:ed to her now.  Lord 'Kitchener gives the war two  years more to run. By that time, according to present progress, there will  be three or foiir million fewer men,  three or four times as many cripples,  half a~million blind or nearly blind,  and a million nervous wrecks.  There are thousands of acres of'unoccupied land in and around the cities  and towns of Canada. If every acre  were cultivated there would be work  and food for all the une'mployed'anri  something to spare.  .The-Teacher���������If    there  were  (lies on a table and T killed one,  jmany would be left?"  The      Littl-J   Boy���������One���������the  one." ,     .   .  fom  how  dea.  A man Is .not necessarily a  taskmaster "bccaii-. lis pays  attention to .business.  harsV-  strici  1 Every business man knows now difficult it is to keep the pigeon holes and drawer. !-,  of his desk free from the accumulation of useless papers.   Every housewife knows  how difficult it is to keep her home free from the accumulation of all manner  of useless things.   So it is with the body.   It is difficult to keep it free from the  accumulation of waste matter. Unless the waste 13 promptly eliminated the machin- ,  ery of the body soon becomes clogged.   This is the beginning of most human ills.;  DR. PIERCE'S  GOLDEN MEDICAL DISCOVERY  ^ .v   (In Tablet or Liquid Fotxa)  Assists the stomach in the proper digestion of food, which is turned into health-  sustaining blood and all poisonous waste matter is speedily disposed of through  Nature's channels. It makes men and women clear-headed and able-bodied���������restores  to them the health and strength of youth. Now is the time for your reju-enation.  Send E0 cents for a trial box of this medicine.     ,; .  Send 31 one-cent ttampt for Dr. PUrco'a Comm������n Seme Medical  Advuer���������lOOSpaget���������worth 92.   Alway������h������ndjr i_vca������-of family illneu.  [ Addraaa R. V, PI-KC-, Puttal-, M, V. | ��--wavM aia.-'wn.K* ti* --i
!.-��.������_ j_ti j*��_atv_ti w��wr��,j_HK_,3iir m
Ireland Boosts Population
First Time Since Year of'Great Famine -That  This  Has  Happened
John Redmond, speaking    at Man-.
Chester, said last year was the first
-since the great famine that the population of Ireland had actually increas-
- ed.- He had been told, h> said, by
responsible men in Cana'da and other
overseas dominions, that an enormous
oroportiou of the contingents were
composed of Irishman. The Irish race
��� aad.Jnow with- tho colors at least���_a
quarter of-a million of her sons, said
Mr: Redmond. Sir John French came
nf good-Irish stock, Admiral Beatty
came from the county of W.exford and
AdinjrSl Carden from Tipperary, con-^
eluded' Sir. Redmond.-
No Alcohol, More Work
Minard's Liniment" Relieves Neuralgia.' . ' i
Little Invasion of Men's Work
From-the investigation made in the
.hief cities and towns of the United
'Kingdom concerning the effect of the
<;var- upon women wage earncrs,-it is
.lear that only in the smallest degree
_s tho war throwing into the hands of
���yonien work hitherto done by men.
"Exhaustive inquiries have failed to
.licit-evidence of any marked tendency to employ girls and women in
tho place of youths and men. Here
and there one" comes across instances
of such substitution, but too rarely
and on too small a scale to be other
ihan exceptions to  the. general rule.
Women and Asthma.���Women are
numbered among the sufferers from
asthma bv the -countless thousands. In
averv climate they will be found, helpless'in' the grip of.tnis iclentlcss dis-
_ase unless they have availed themselves of the proper remedy. Dr. J. D.
Kellogg's Asthma Remedy hasbrought
Tiew hope and lite to many such:
Testimonials, sent entirely without
solicitation, show the enormous benefit if has wrought among women
.very where.-'
The Heiress���Have you seen papa?
The Duke���Yes, It's all off-
Heiress���You don't mean to say
;hat he refused to give his consent?
The Duke���Oh, no. He said-he d
Sive .Jiis consent���but not another
jcnt.-. :.--
"You must remember Miss Banks���
Just think a moment."
"Oh. the rich git".���"
"Yes-   she's  engaged  to Jack Cad-
""Oh, the  poor girl!"
Marked Increase in the Productivity
of" the Worker in Russia
la-an' explanatory note accompauy-
ing'.he Budget Bill, the Russian minister/ of finance, states that the termination of the mobilization has permitted the gradual re-establishment
or tlie circulation of merchandise.
Thus the loading of goods \rucks during November was only 23 per cent,
below that of November, i.D13. Except
in--the inconsiderable portion of the
country occupied by the enemy, the
industrial' life of the country .has not
stiown any sensible diminution. The
situation is relatively favorable, air!
is explained by the- increase in the
productivity of the worker owingvto
the suppression of the sa.e of alcohol.
The increase of productivity has
reached 30 to 50 per coat, and compensates largely for" the diminution
in the number of workers due to the
call to the colors.
They're Popular
A    HOUSEHOLD    REMEDY        .
Of Baby,- Could Not Sleep, Fretful and Cross. Itched and Burned,
Hair Came Out. Cuticura Soap
and Ointment Healed,
. Darnlcy, V. K. I.���"When my little gM
Iras <threo day- old a lino rash canto out alt
over her liead and faco. At llrst t thought
It was.baby-rash but artcr a'wcelc or two I
round that It war) very Itching and she could
not steep. Slio was gotttng very fretful and
cross and- it niado her slulc. Tt�� Itched and
burned so much that Kho used to scratch it
until it became one solid mass of soro eruption and it made noarly all Her hair como out.
Jt was g.tlluK worso all tho timo and it
jpollcd her looks. v
��� ."I was told slio had eczema and I got
jomo ointment to uso on'her but It did no
food. JJy tlio timo sho wa3 four months
old tho ec/.cuia was all ovcnlier faco, head
und nock. I then decided to send for\A
aamplo of Cuticura Soap and 01iit.ment.Thu
drat application roliovod her of tho Helling.
I thou bought a box of Cuticura,Ointment
and two calces of Cuticura Soap and used
It according lo directions for eczema. I
bathed her faco and head with the Cuticura
Soap uud put tho Cuticura Ointment on
?ontly and by tho timo tho box of Cuticura
Ointment and two cakos of Cuticura Soap
iroro eono thero was not a fii(?n of eczema
�����nd sho was completely ucalod." (Signed)
Mrs. Philip Koach, May 12, 19M.
Samples Free by Mall
To firovont falling hair, remove crusts and
icales, and allay Itching and irritation of tho
icalp, Cuticura Soap and Cuticura Oint-
mout aro indispensable. Sold ovorywhero.
1/lboral sample of each mailed free, with
32-p. Skin Book. Address posl-card "Cu-
llcura, DepC.D, Boston, U.S.A.':
People Have Learned From Long Experience That By Curing the Kidney Ills They Benefit the
��* the Entire Body
. Spry Harbor, Halifax Cj., N.S.���
(Special).���"I have taken a couple of
boxes of Dodd's Kidney Pills and have
received great benefit from them.
They, are certainly a line pill for anyone suffering from Kidney trouble."
So says Mrs. Alex E. Nilchey, aud she
speaks the sentiments of a large
number of.the women of Nova Scotia.
Dodd's Kidney Pills have so long
been iu general.use that they are recognized as the standard remedy for
Kidney troubles. They have become a
family medicine . in thousands of
home's. People have learned from
long experience that if they cure their
minor Kidney ills with Dodd's Kidney
Pills they need not fear those more
terrible developments- such as
Bright's- Disease, Diabetes, Dropsy
and Rheumatism. They have also
lsarr.ed that when the Kidneys are
cured bv Dodd's Kidney Pills the
whole body benefits. -For cured Kidneys mean pure blood, and pure blood
is the foundation of all health. That's
why Dodd's Kidney Pills are universally popular. ..'.���"-���
. . .���   '   Och, Sure and Ye Won't
A famous hospital surgeon was
imparting some clinical instruction
to half a dozen students who accompanied him on his rounds.
Pausing beside the bed of an Irishman who was a doubtful case, he
said, "Now, gentlemen, do yjou
think this is or is it not a case for
operation?" One by one the students made their diagnosis, and all
of them came to the conclusion it
was not. "Well, gentlemen, you
-are all wrong,", said the surgeon,
"and I will operate tomorrow." "Och,
sure aha ye won't," exclaimed Paddy
as he. rose from his bed. "Six ter
wan is a good majority. Nurse, give
me my clothes, I'm going liome."
There is no poisonous ingredient
in Holloway's Corn Cure, arm it can
be used without danger of injury.
Loss of Army Horses 15 P.O. Per Year
Since the beginning of the war the
loss ot' horses' has been at tho rate of
fifteen per cent, per annum, said II.
J. Tennant, parliamentary imder-sec-
rctary for war, in a discussion of the
army administration in the house of
commons. Ho compared these llgures
with a loss of between 55 and 60 per
cent, 'of the horses in the South
Africa war, and said it indicated a
great advance for the army veteriu-
arv authorities. The loss of army
horses is due to plettro-pncuinonia
Minard'o    Liniment    Cures    Burns,
. "1 want to sue Dr. Blank Tor heavy
damages!" sa-id the citizen, entering
the lawyer's office. "What has ho
done?" asked the attorney. "When
he operated on mc he left a pair cf
surgical scissors in me. How much
can I sue-liim for?"
"Oil, don't sue him at all." counseled the lawyer. "Just send him a,bill
for storage."
For Love of the Work
i- -'
Many Russian Women of the Wealthy
.' ' Class Study Medicine and
3?h# Russia of today has no social
life, its women have no thought of
dress and amusement. All arc working .for their country, and an exceptional.number of the* women of
education in that country are specially qualified to-be of'service to the
wounded soldiers. Speaking of her
country, tlie wife of a' Russian attache in London said: "'Perhaps tlie
women of Russia study medicine and
nursing more generally than is the
case elsewhere, for in Russia the
poorer classes- look more naturally to
t hose who are blessed with a larger
share of Ibis world's goods for care
and protection. This feeling is now
on the decline in towns, but iu country places, where doctors have rounds,
ot a hundred miles' radius, tlie poor
of a district, in the absence of the
medical man, are looked alter and
tended by the daughters of the hous#
on whose estate they live. Thus every
young girl goes in for medicine because she loves tlie work.
By R, W. Beal
Baby's Own Tablets are the best
medicine in the world for. little ones.
They aro absolutely safe and never
fail to regulate the stomach and.bowels, break up colds .-.nd simple fevers,
expel worms and make teething easy.
Concerning them Mrs. D. S. Bernhardt, Port Dalhousio, Ont., writes:
"I have been using Baby's .Own Tablets for my baby and would not be
without .them\" The Tablets are sold
by medicine dealers or by. mail at 25
cents a box from. The Dr. Williams'
Medicine 'Co., Brockville, Ont.
Has Surplus of Women
W. N. U. 1047
Unmarried   Females   Under  45  Years
of Age in  England  Outnumber
Males   by   Half,Million
A volume in .two parts containing
evidence and papers'submitted to'tlie
Dominions Royal Commission in London during its sittings in June and
July last has --been issued. The first
section includes the report of the
special committee of the Royal Statistical Society on the emigration of
women from the United Kingdom to
the dominions and a report on the
distribution of sexes in various- parts
of the empire, with special reference
to the surplus of women iu the British
Isles available for emigration, by
Dr. B. C. Snow.
Dr! Snow, in the course of a paper
on "The Magnitude of the Population
ot England Available for Emigration,"
recently'read before the-Royal Statis-
-tical Society, argued that, apart from
military considerations, there practically was no male population for emigration from England and Wales, but
an appreciable number of unmarried
women under forty-five, perhaps as
many as half a million, could be
spared. In the interests of the future
development of the clominions the present deficiency in-the number of
women emigrants should be rectified.
The second section deals with
communications. Among the contents
are a memorandum by Mr. 'Charles
Bright, the consulting engineer to
the Commonwealth of Australia, and
a statement of the views-of the Empire Press Union on the subject of a
state owned Atlantic cable. The
transmission of. newspapers between
the United Kingdom and the dominions is referred j^o. The-'section also
contains a memorandum drawn up by
Mr. H. Li. Drayton, chief commissioner
of th?- Canadian Railway Board," on
the subject? of ocean freight rates to
and from Canada. >
Food Question
Settled With  Perfect Satisfaction
Much has been said and volumes
have been written .describing' at
length the many kinds of baths civilized man has indulged iu from time
to time. Every possiule .resource of
the human mind has beeti'~brought into play to fashion new methods of
bathing, but, .stijange as it may seem,
the' most important, as well/as most
beneficial of all baths, the" "Internal
Bath," has been given little "thought.
The reason for tnis is probably due
to the fact that'few people seem to
realize the tremendous part that internal bathing plays iu the acquiring
and maintaining ot health.
If you were to ask a dozen people
to define an internal bath, you would
have' as many different definitions and
the probability is that not one of them
would be correct. To avoid any misconception as to wr-.at constitutes an
internal hath, let it be said that a hot
water enema is no more an internal
bath than a bill of fare is a dinner.
If it were possible and agreeable to
take the great mass of thinking people to witness an average postmortem
the sights they would see and the
things they would learn would prove
of such lasting benefit and impress
thcnPso profoundly tha.L,_u.rther argument in 'favor of internal bathing
would be unnecessary to .convince
them. Unfortunately, however, it is
not possible to do this, "profitable as
such- an experience would doubtless
prove to be. There is, then, only one
other way ro get this information into their hands, and that is by acquainting them with such knowledge
as will enable them to appreciate fhe
value of this long-sought-for, health-
producing necessity.
Few people realize what a very
little thing is necessary sometimes
to improve their physical'condition.
Also, they have almost no conception
of .how little carelessness, 'jndiffer-
ence or neglect can he the fundamental cause of the most virulent
disease. For instance, that universal
disorder from which almost all humanity is suffering, known as "constipation," '"aufo-intoxication," "auto-infection," and,.a multitude of other
terms, is not only curable, but pre-
ventiblc. through the consistent practice of internal bathing. ���
How many people realize that normal functioning of the bowels and a
clean intestinal tract make it impossible to become sick? "Man of today-
is only fifty par cent, efficient." .Reduced to simple English, this means
that.most men are trying to do a
man's portion of work on half a man's
power. This applies equally to women.
Tliat it isimpossible to continue to
do this indefinitely must be apparent
to ail. Nature never intended the
delicate'human organism to be operated on a hundred per cent, overload.
A machine could not stand this and
not break down, and the body certainly -cannot do more than a machine.
There is certainly too much unnecessary and avoidable sickness in the
world. '-"
How many people can you name,
including yourself, who are physically vigorous, healthy and strong? The
number is appallingly small.
It is not a complex matter to keep
in condition, but it takes a little time,
and in  these  strenuous days people
have time to do everything else aecea.
sary for the attainment of happiness
but the most essential thing .of all,
that of giving their bodies their proper care.
Would you believe that five to ten
minutes of time devoted to systematic
internal bathing can make you,healthy and maintain your physical efficiency indefinitely?, Granting that such
a simple procedure as this will do
what is claimed for it, is it not worth
while to learn more about that which
will accomplish this end? Internal
Bathing will do this, and it will do it
for people of all ages,and in' all conditions of health and disease.  '
People don't seem to realize, strange
to say, how important it is to keep
the body free from accumulated body-
waste (poisons). Their doing so "would
prevent the absorption into the blood
of the poisonous excretions of tho
body, and health would be the inevitable result.
If you would keep your blood pure,
your heart normal, your eyes clear*
your complexion clean, your mind
keen, your blood pressure normal,
your nerves relaxed, and be able to
onjoy the vigor of youth in your declining years, practice internal bathing, and begin today.
Now that your attention has been -
called to the importance of internal
bathing, it .may be that a number of
questions will suggest themselves to .
your mind. You will probably want to
know WHAT an Internal Bath iB,
WHY peoplo should talce them, and
the "WAY to take them. Theso and
countless other questions are all answered in a booklet entitled "THE
by Doctor Chas. A. Tyrell, tiie inventor of the "J.B.L. Cascade," whose
lifelong study and research along this
line make him the pre-eminent authority on this subject. Not only has internal bathingvsaved and prolonged
Dr. Tyrell's own life,'but the lives of
multitudes of individuals have been
.equally spared and prolonged. No
other book has ever been written containing such a vast amount of practical information to the business man.
the worker and the housewife. All
that is necessary to secure this book
is to write to Dr. Tyrell, at Room 645,
280 College street, Toronto, and sanio
will be immediately mailed to you
free of all cost or obligation.
Perhaps you realize now, more than
ever, the truth of these statements,
and if the reading of this article will
result in a' proper appreciation on
your part of the value of internal-
bathing, it will have served its purpose. What you will want to do now
is to avail yourself of the opportunity of learning more about the subject, and your writing for this book
will give you that information. Do .
not put off doing this, but send for
the book now, while the matter is
fresh on your mind.
"Procrastination Is the thief of
time." A thief is one who steals something. Don't allow procrastination to
cheat you out of your opportunity to
get this valuable information, which
is free for the asking. If you would
be natural be healthy. It is unnatural
to be sick. Why he unnatural
when it is such a simple .thing to bo
Tlio people who go out. Iroidng for
trouble  might  just   ui>   well   st.iy   at j
,It's not an easy matter to satisfy all
the members of the family at meal
time, as every housewife knows.
And when the husband can't eat
ordinary food withcut causing trouble
the food question beepmes doubly annoying.
A lady writes:
"My husband's health was poor, he
had no appetite for anything'I could)
get' for him, it seemed. I
"He suffered severely with stomach
trouble, was hardly able to work, was
taking medicine continually, and as
soon as lis would feel better would
go to work again only to give up in
a few weeks.
"One day, seeing an advertisement
about Grape-Nuts, I got some and he
tried it for breakfast the next morn-
."We all thought it was pretty good
although we had no idea of using it
regularly. But when my husband came
home at-night he asked for Grape-
"It was the same next day and I
had to get it right along, because when
wc would get to the table the question, 'Have you any Grape-Nuts' was
a regular thing. So I begun to buy it
bv the dozen pkgs.
"Mv husband's health began to improve right along. I sometimes felt
offended when .I'd make something I
thought he would like for a change,
and still hear the same old question,
'Have you any Grape-Nuts?' '     ���
"He got so well thatfor the last two
years ho has hardly lost a day from
his work, and we aro still using
Name given by Canadian Postum
Co., Windsor. Ont. Read, "The Road
to Wellville," in pkgs. "There's a
Ever read the above letter? A new
one r.ppears from time to time. They,
arc genuine, true and full of human
--''' Treatment of Indians
The world has been greatly surprised that our handling of.the Indian
problem has been so singularly inferior to that of the Canadian methdU,
for in- Canada, though dealing with
many of the same tribes of Indians
that dwelt on this side of the border,
there has never been any serious
"trouble, no Indian wars, but, on the
contrary, a state of peace and harmony altogether admirable.
Tlie Canadians have from the beginning treated the Indians considerately and with.regard for their welfare. Their ways of living and modes
of thought were studied sympathetically and understood almost from the
beginning of tiie settlement of the
country and the result has been such
as to make the Canadian record enviable alike for its success and its justice���Buffalo News.
Oil Burning- Locomotives
Grand  Trunk   Pacific  Will   Use  Them '
to   Reduce   Fire   Risk   on   B.C.
The  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  railway
has   announced   that  contracts   have
been      let   and ' other   arrangements
made for the installation of crude oil
as locomotive fuel on their passenger  engines   to  be   operated  between-
Princo Rupert, B.C.. and Jasper. Alta.,
a distance of 718 miles.   It is expected that this installation will bo complete   by   June.     The   announcement
does not cover the uso of oil burners
on  freight engines:   it is  understood
that these will continue to use coal,
at least for the present.
Stop the Cough.���Coughing is;
caused by irritation in the respiratory j
passages" and is tlie effort to dislodge
obstructions that come from inflammation of the mucous membrane.
Treatment with Dr. Thomas' Ec'ectnc
Oil will allay the inflammation and
iu consequence the cough will cea.v.
fry it, and you will use no other preparation for a cold.
Frenchman���You are funny people,
vou Engleesh. You take strong whiskey; you put water, jn if. to make it
weak;' you put sugar it in to make it
sweet; you put lemon in it to make
it sour; then you say 'here's to you,'
aud drink it yourself."
Kitty���Jack told mc last night that
[ was the prettiest girl he'd ever
Ethel���Oh, (lint's nothing; he said
the same to mc a year ago.
Kitty���-1 know that, but as ono
grows "older one's taste improves, you
is a Dnromcter. When it hurts,
it means that tlie Kidneys need
help. Take ('.in Pills���Canada's
own remedy for all Kidney ami
Bladder Troubles. COc. a box, -
6 for $_.50.  "Made it: Canada".
Minard's   Liniment   for  sale   every-
When the little son was about two
weeks old a friend arrived to see the
newcomer. "How is the little youngster?" was the first inquiry. |"Oh.
fine," replied ,the proud mother. "He
seems to be growing more like lus
father every day." "Too bad," said
the friend sorrowfully. "And have you
tried everything?"
Bess Jaclc seems perfectly devoted
to you.    Why don't
liofty���Oh,  I  like
voted to m.~>
to !i?.ve him  de- THE   SUN,.   JRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  Oil?? (&vmb$avkB fattt  G.   A.   EVANS,  EDITOR  AND  PUBLISHED  SUBSCKIFTION KA1BS  One Year   One Year (in advance)   One Year, in United States  .51.50  . 1.00  . 1.50  Address all communications to  Tafa Grand Fours Sun,  1'honk K74        , Grand Forks, B. C  FRIDAY, MAY 21,  1915  _ OF THE CITY Wedding Presents  Mesdam.es Sgink, Manly, Niles J  and Hayman returned today from j  Nelson, where they attended the annual diocesan meeting of the Women's Auxiliary of the Church of  England. The Grand Forks dele-,  gates extended an invitatiou so the  diocesan board to hold its' next annual meeting in this city instead of  The agitation for a copper refinery afc NeIson- . The   f0nowing   officers  were elected: Hon. president, Mrs.  Beer; president, Mrs. F. Starkey;  hon. vice-president, Mrs. Doull;  first vice-president, Mrs. H...M. Bird;  treasurer, Mrs. R. M, Bird; record  ing   secretary, Mrs.   Astley;   corre.  in Canada has assumed a national  .character. The present war has  forcibly brought home to the people  of this country the fact that such an  enterprise is a necessity. It is generally admitted that British Columbia  is entitled to the refinery when'"it is _pooding secretary> jvjrSj Apple-  established, as the bulk of the cop- j whaite; dowa_ 8ecretary| Mr8. H. M.  per produced in Canada is mined iC(jbbetl. junior branches secretary,  and smelted in this province. Many j Mr_ Hayman. babi(.8������ branches sec-  4ectious of the province will, of!..tary) Mrs Spjnk; leaflet er]kor)  course, advance claims for tbe loca-jMrs T g Palmer; secretary-treas  tion of the works in their respective Ufpr of th_ le;if,pt) LVIrg Nilfi_. |U'_ra.  localities; but no town or district ture secrfctaryi Miss Poffard; united  can adduce a-stronger   argument   in ' thanksgiving secreta.y, Sirs  Caesar.  support  of  its claim   than    Grand;    Forks. We have -here the largest! His honor Judge Brown held  copper smelter in tbe British em- sittings of the county court in "the  pire,>.and more copper matte is pro-'court house in this city yesterday  duced here than at any other point and today. The docket' was not a  in the province, or in Canaday. Wei lengthy one. Yesterday the case of  have also better shipping facilities'Sheridan vs. Burke et al., Green  than any other.town in British Col- wood.. parties, was argued. Judg-  umbia. It is reasonable to suppose . ment was reserved. Today the case  that copper matte can be refined of Wytnas vs. Sandner was tried,  riiore economically at tbe point where Judgment was reserved.  it is produced than   to  traps'porb  it  ���������  to distant refineries.    This  supposi'       The freiSht business uf 'the Great  tion is'amply borne out- by the fact-. Northern railway through Marcus is  Let us help you pick that  Present you are agoing to   ���������  give.    We have a beautiful line of ' ���������  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  . At prices that have not  been advanced,since the'  war. .  A, D. MORRISON i%YN^ZZl%*cN.  other meeting last Friday night,  and the wboletown i������ on tbe tip-toe  of speculation.  ^Conversation overheard -at -tlie  smelter: .   t -'  Married Man (to single man)���������  Why don't you enlist and go'to the  front?  Single Man���������I'd hate like h��������� to  give up my job 'here to an alien  ������nemj", and enable him to send  money home to help kill me.  11) 'AKKiyi-l ' "'a C*} 0A'CAR OF SEED GRAIN  Seed' Potatoes���������Early Rose; Early,      Six  Weeks,   Carmen   No. J   and  ���������- ""    - American.Wonder. Field and Gar  den Seods of all kinds' on hand at right prices.'  .". TERMS  CASH  D  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0, BOX.610  - Mrs.    William   Murray, ���������>f  Phoe  nix,   visited    her   husband   in- this  city this.    Mr. Murray is   receiving  treatment here for heart trouble.  An order in council was . recently  passed prohibiting fishing for bass  in Christina lake . until June .15  next.  that most of the Briti?h Columbia  lead is smelted at Trail, and >on the  strength^of this the lead refinery was  ���������located., at that point. Advancing  a similar argument in favor of the  proposed copper refinery, it would  appear as if Grand Forks' chances of  securing it were excellent. Our  public organizations should watch  this matter, very closely, and take  appropriate action.  ��������� According to the latest bulletins,  Itafy appears to have entered tbe  war on the side of the allies. It is  not reported, however, that there  has been a declaration of war.  Vegetables fresh from the garden  are a luxury only appreciated by  those who'cultivate their own back  yard or the vacant lot.  reported ro be'improving, and it is  keeping the present train forces  guessing how much the company  will expect from them before add  ing ex.tra crews. It is said that  meanwhile considerable frieght i.-  being sidetracked^at Marcus to wait  uutil there is an opportune time to  carry it on to its destination. ���������  Up to the present time there are  no criminal cases for the assizes to  be held in Greenwood un   June. 11.  How to Address the Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail  at  the- front and to insure,  prompt delivery, the Dominion postj  office department requests   thut   all  mail be addressed as  follows:  Rank   Name :....-   Regimental number   Company,squadron or other unit.  Battalion : .-   .   Brigade : .'..'   First  (or second)  Canadian   con  .tingftit *.   British expeditionary force   -    Army Post Office',--   ���������  London, England.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Eigs and "Good  Horses at All Hours ��������� at  the  Fish is no good as brain food unle������������  it has something to assimilate with.  Jolin.Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: ."Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. lb in  creases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  odel Livery Barn  Burns. S O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68. Second Street.  Grand  Forts  PHONE 129  Sole Agents lor  ransrer  it  The Sun only costs SI a year,  prints all the news. - .  It  Many incomes may-be augmented  by cultivating the back yard. A  penny saved is a penny earned.  The Kettle valley has been well  irrigated during the past week at a  minimum cost to the ranchers.  A slide of an 8x8 foot rock "onto  the Great. Northern track naar  Charles Ruckle's ranch today delayed the ��������� arrival of the passenger  train for three hours   this  It is reported from Greenwood  that the reopening of the British  Columbia Copper company's Mother  Lode and Loue Star properties is  probable, but no date has been  given our. The members of the  Greenwoqd Miners' union   held   an-  THE  .   Carries a Complete Stock of  Cement, Lime and Plaster  Seed Grain  and Garden Seed  Bridge Street     . Grand ^orfcs, B. C,  C. Hood, Canadian Pacific rail-  way trainmaster, visited Phoenix  the latter part of last week.  Mrs. George Clerf, of Greenwood,  visited friends in this city for a few  days this week.  Mrs. James West returned yesterday from a week's visit to Spokane.  James-McCregor, of Nelson, mining inspector, visited Grand _<orks  this week.  ite Wyandottes  Tfiat Lay and Win  Miss Oliver, of this city, is visiting friends in Phoenix.  "Type-was made to read " This  fact is constantly- kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any ���������?"2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  scliemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  SECOND ST RE KT, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  The Sun is the Largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is main-  itained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  iners an  When doing that work in Franklin and   Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet Jom Supplies at the  Gloucester General Store A full line of General  Merchandise, "Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request.  THOMAS FDNRLEY, Prop.  The wppk.ly market will be held  on Second street, between Bridge  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon.  NOTICE.  NOTICE is hereby given that application will be made to the Board of  License Commissioners for the City of  Grand Forks at a special sitting, to be  held in the city hall, First .street, on  May 19th, 1915, for a transfer of  the wholesale and bottle liquor licenses  now held by me in respect of the  Grand Forks Liquor Store, situate on  Lot No.'5, in Block 11, Plan 23, in  the City of Grand Forks, to Gustavus  A. Griffin, of   the   City of Kamloops,  B. C,  Dated the 16th day of April, JA. D.  1915.  WM. J. PENROSE.  I won   at   fall show 1st' and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pen.  At winter show I   made  four   sffitries  and w(������n   2nd   cock,  1st cockerel, 1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups.  Eggs from the above are $2.00  for 15, and special prices given  on more than 15.  White Orpingtons  I won at the winter show, making five entries, 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated up   at  81.50 a setting of 15.  '  , I   have   two  crosses   mated up,  ��������� Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White Leghorn cockerel.  Egcs $1.00 for 12.  Teaming  of ��������� All  Kinds.  '-  Bus and Baggage at "All.  ���������Trains.      _.     "   .  Mclntyre S Mclnnis, Proprietors  Geo. E.  assie  E.E.W. MILLS  GRAND FORKS,  B. G.  HANSEN SCO  EITV BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  ?1 GaltCoal  Now  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Fffst Street  Tei-efhonks;  Office, R(>6  Hanse.n's Residence. R38  '. F.-RI  GENERAL.TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETJIIE'S STORE  PHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  riartinriullen  All Kinds of Dray ing  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  Fashionable    ;  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forts, Bi G.  Yale Barber Shop  ttazor Honing a Specialty.  P. A,  Z,   PARE,  Proprietor  "- Yale Hotel, First Street.  THE  LONDON DIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  the  world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being a complete 'commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Coloniiil  and Foreign Markets thoy supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufactnrers,-Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the. United Kingdom.  , A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for _)5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlnrger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C.  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary country  Accept no substitutes, but get tho  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and ptints  the  news  of the  city and district first.  1  I'M  A THE   SUN;   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  The following is the platform of the  Liberal party of British' Columbia,  which principles we pledge ourselves  to bring into  operation   when elected  -���������to power:  '��������� 1���������Free Lands fob   Settlers���������  . None for Speculators. , (a) We " believe.that agricultural land .should be  disposed of only on such conditions as  ��������� will insure its continuous use   and oc-  ' oupation. ,   '  ." (b) We will utilize as far as ract-  cable the resources of the,province in  developing and making accessible  the . agricultural and other latent  wealth of the province by good roads  or water communication where neces  -(c) ,Free homesteads co actual settlers. Holders of pre-emptions to be  given benefit of this provision.  (d)' Advances to settlers on easy  terms-to assist in clearing, dyking, ir "  rigation and other permanent improvements,   -,.'"' ���������    .  (e) Surveys of all accessible' agricultural lands to be rapidly completed  and survey- sheets and all necessary  information to be made easily, available to the public.  (f) Settlemeni'eh block  to  be dis  couragedby the  removal  of  reserves  which scatter population   and  greatly  increase the cost of roads,  schools and  other n.cessary facilities.      -  (g) No public lands  for the specu  lator. - '  ��������� 2���������Transportation (a) Co opera-  ti >n with the Dominion government  in securing all-rail connection betwaen  the railway, systems of Vancouver  island and the railway systems of the  mainland..  (b) The constructio'n of a line owned  and controlled by "the  government tu  give direct communication by the best-  route   as  to grades and distances' be  tween   the   Similkameen   and   other  ��������� interior points and the coast.  (c) The husbanding of the   provin  cial credit to assist lines that will open  up new territory.  (d)vWe oppose provincial credit  and reserve being wasted in paralleling existing lines.  (e) Abolition of the system of giv  fng away crown lands for townsites,  iree of. taxation and under railway  control.  ���������(f) All francises for 'the  construe  tion, operation, and ownership or leasing of government  aided  roads,to be  open to public competition.  (g) The province to co-operate with  . the.Dominion.in aiding highway con  struction., ,  ���������(h) The prevention of over-capitalization of Tail ways. ��������� . , .  "'  (i)  Aid to railways not   to  exceed  whatjs reasonably necessary to secure  construction. .  ' - (j) Freight, passenger and express  rates,and telegraph tolls of all government-aided roads to be under the  Jurisdiction of the Dominion railway  commission. ,y  (k)' With a' view to . meeting the  demand for the transportation of grain  from Saskatchewan and Alberta, the  immediate construction of government  owned elevators. ���������   /"    '  (I) The people to control the railways, and not the railways the people!  " 3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators which has  been the only timber policy of the  present government.  '(b) The survey, cruising and valu-'  ation of timber lands by   the  govern  m'ent   before - alienation, and the disposal of all such lands'by public 'competition to actual users.  (c) Improved methods of preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation.  (d) Hand loggers' licenses to be  granted where conditions warrant  (e) Stability of tenure, crown dues  and .ground rents to-be fixed for  definite periods.  4���������Public Protection in Respect  to Coal, (a) Coal lands not to be  alienated, but leased under conditions  to be fixed periodically by the legislature  (b) Wherever practicable and necessary, government operation of coal  mines to be at once.undertaken with  a view to the protection . of the consuming public. ;  5���������Practical Education,   (a) We  commend the appointment of a representative   advisory   board   in educa  tional matters, such as   exists   in   all  other provinces.  (b) The present school curriculum  is so overloaded with subjects as to  render thorough education in any  branch impossible.  - (c) The increase of manual and  agricultural training Establishment  of an efficient system of technical  schools. t  (d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted. -  (c) All political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  6���������Representation, (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical system of redistribution  (b) We   are pledged   as a party to  equal  suffrage  of  A'Clean-Cut  ��������� \ -  Argument  In your favor is good prin t-  ing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing/let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  e  Phone R 74.  "e Sun Print Shop  provide   for   the  women with meu.' -  7���������Taxation, (a)-Exemption of  improvements on all lands 'paying  taxes to the provincial government.  ' (b) A readjustment of the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive a fairer proportion of the unearned increment.  (c) Immediate reform of the present costly, cumbersome and inequita-.  ble system of collecting school taxes  in unorgdnized districts  8���������Labor���������Workmen's Compen  sation Without Litigation, (a) The  creating of a provincial department  of labor and free government labor  bureaus.  ^b) A thorough and frequent inspection of all industrial premises to  insure health; sanitation   and   safety.  (c) The complete prohibition of  child labor in factories and shops.  (d) The establishment by the government of a permanent industriaHn-  surance commission,- independent of  politics. This commission to have full  charge of a system providing positive  compensation to employees for injury  received during employment, without,  recourse to litigation", and giving employers the benefit of accident insurance at minimum cost.  (e) The extension of the workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazardous employments.       , - x  (f) The payment of wages at least  fortnightly.  '(g) The minimum wage, the eight-  hour day and six day week on all  public and government-aided  work.  9���������Oriental Immigration, (a) We  stand for a white British Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringencyin immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the total  exclusion of Orientals from the province.  (b) We insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations in congested1'' districts.  10���������Extension . or M uNiciral Powers, (a) Increase of local control in  municipal matters.'  (b) Election of license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  11--Public Ownership op Utilities. We adhere to the principles of  public ownership of all public utilities, the limitation of terms of franchises to" corporations, renewing the  same if in the public interest on  equitable terms. "  12���������Local Control of Liquor  Traffic (a) The complete removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.  (b) Control of the traffic by mu  nicipalities, or in unorganized territory, in locally elected authorities  (c) The adoption of a local option  law.  (d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������Public Accounts. ' We insist  on providing for an absolutely independent public auditor general, appointed and controlled absolutely by  legislature.  14���������Fishery Control, (a) Immediate'steps to restore the fishing industry to white fishermen.  (b) The protection of    British  Col  umbia fisheriesfrom foreign   poachers  by   adequate   policing   of   Canadian  waters.  15���������Protection of Water Supply. The retention of all timber  lands on watersheds tributary to  cities, towns and municipalitiec, and  the recovering by the government of  the present alienated properties  16���������Torrems System of Registration of Titles- The present system of land registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and the reduction of  registration fees.  17���������Non-Partisan Civil Service.  The organization of the civil service  commission for both inside and out  side service, so that }he appointments  will be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  POINTED PARAGRAPHS  A girl may ask all kinds of questions during the courtship, so that he  will think she thinks him a second  Solomon, and after marriage give him  the pitiable look every him he opens  his mouth.    -���������  What has become of the old-fashioned mother who thought that her  small son was destined to become a  great musician because he could get a  tune out of a mouth organ?  A regular woman never waits until  tomorrow to blow in the money her  husband handed her yesterday.  People wish a newly married /ouple  happiness, but they don't expect it.  One man's automobile may be another man's juggernaut.  L- LICo  More Victories Are  Won by Siege Tactics Than by As=  saults  Z^Apply thiF to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resuitful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  ' The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. ' It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win andi>Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  P  Thi ��������� ���������  >S.\v.lm-.t������-   _    fftm  THE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  IT STOPS THE TWINGES OF RHEUMATISM,  LIMBERS THE MUSCLES, EASES THE JOINTS    V  s  - ��������� ��������� ���������     ���������       "    ���������  ���������    ������������������-������������������������������������ \  Amayilio" Rplltf������f foniPt! at" Just ruD ��������� Nerviline into sore  AmdZ111������ -K-eilCl ^"������ip . M muscles, stiff joints anduiote the glow.  OllCe���������-Cure Every Time of comfort, the ease of pain that follows.  You' are astonished, delighted; this  is'because words'do not express the  promptness aud permanency with  wJiich Nerviline'cures every ache and  pain in the muscles and joints.  Marvellous, you'll say. Natural, we  say, because Nerviline is different,  stronger, more penetrating, a true  pain-subduer. Just try..it',and see if  it'doesn't cure rheumatism] neuralgia;'  lumbago, .strains' and sprains."'  The large 50o family size bottle is  far more economical than the _5c  trial size. Get it today. Sold by  dealers everywhere, or -direct from  tlie Catarrhoz'one Co., Kingston, (jan-  ada.  USE NERVILINE  -Aching joints and.sore muscles are  common iu rheumatic people. Inflammation is deep in tho tissues. You  might use a dozen .remedies and derive less relief than" Nerviline will  give you in half, an hour.  Nerviline  is  a  pain-subduer-    that  ' words  do not altogether closcrib.fr  It is fully five times stronger than'  most remedies, not that it affects tho  skin unfavorably���������no, its great power  Is "due to its wonderful penetrative  quality���������it strikes in deeply, but never  ��������� burns or blisters.  Silent Scot True Till Drath  Private Archie Both-well, who Is lying wounded at Belfast, says: There  was a very odd -chap among the last  drafts of the Scottish Borderers. He  always kept to himself, and -would not  say more than "Yes" or "No", if he  could help it. One night the Borderers were driven'out of the trenches  and one of the men dropped with- a  couple of bullet wounds. I-fis neighbor happened to be the odd chap that  ���������wo had all declared to be the daftest  of the daft. Without saying :i word he  knelt down by the wounded man, and,  raising his rifle to his shoulder, waited for the oncoming Germans' By and  by we rallied and dashed back to meet  the Germans. The c.dd chap was dead,  but the ma^a he had tried to save was  still breathing.  Legumes in Dairying  Indigestion  Arising From Constipation, Cured and  - Regular  Habits  Established  by  Dr.  Chase's  Kidney-Liver  Pills "  ,   In the western provinces, where ~o  many thousands live far from doctors  and drug stores, very many rely on  Dr. Chase's    medicines    to cure disease      and    maintain    health     and  ���������strength. This letter gives some idea  of what perfect control Dr. Chase's  Kidney-Liver Pills exert over the  most common ills of life.  Mrs. II. K. Hewer, farmer's wife,  Eastburg. Alta., -writes: "For about  ten years I suffered from constipation, indigestion, Iieadache and languid feelings. Treatment Jrom two  ��������� or three doctors^ afforded only temporary  relief,    so  I   turned   to   Dr.  ' Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills, and with  most satisfactory" results. -Headaches  have disappeared, regular habits established and general health very  much better. Both my husband and  I can'speak highly of Dr. Chase's  Kidney-Liver Pills, as we have both  been greatly benefitted by, them." One  .pill a dose, 26c a box, 5 for $1.00. all  dealers, or Edmanson, Bates ������_ Co,  Limited, Toronto.  "���������I hope." said one wif. to another.  '"that you never nag your husband."  "Only when he is beating the rugs,"  said  the  second  one.    "When  he  is  thoroughly irritated he makes a much  better job of it."  "Tsn't Morton something of a miser?"  "L should say (so. Why, he's too  tight to risk a suggestion.  xK^wi������M~u*-aa������-a-_ei  HORSE-POWER  ' Your horse can.'  pull bigger loads  if   you  grease  your  wagons  th V  AXLE GREASE  It is the Mica  that does it ������������������  makes a smooth  bearing surface,'  perfectly hibri-J  cated, on which  the wheel revolves without  friction.  Dealers Everywhere  T_e  IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  Canada  W. N. U. 1047  High Value of Alfalfa as a Food For  Dairy Cattle  Some interesting facts . regarding  the use of legumes on the dairy farm  have been gleaned in connection with  some of the cow testing associations  in the United State:.'  Alfalfa probably stands pre-eminent  as a food fcr dairy cattle. In fact,  alfalfa together with good corn silage, supplemented with a ration of  grain and meal makes an excellent  ration and produces results..  Most farmers have by this time  been thoroughly convinced of the  value of silage, and in some manner  or other try to feed their corn in this  form. Various schem.es for. increasing the valu3 of the protein content  of corn silage by the addition of various other fodders, such as cowpeas;  soja beans, etc., have been advocated-.  The results along these lines have  been disastrous in many cases. The  beans are either too green or too dry  to make good silage "at the time the  silo is filled, or else there is trouble  in the cutting and tilling operations,  with the result -that when the middle  of winter comes a" large amount of  silage is wasted by rotting. The beans  or peas being of different texture  than the corn, do not pack tight, with  tlie result that air pockets are formed  around them in process of filling and  the beans or peas spoil and in their  decomposition spoil tlio silage next  to them. -���������   ���������  It is safer to put the pure corn into  the silo, and to cure, the cow peas,  beans, etc., into hay."  Results show thac the farmers who  devote their attention to the production of a high protein roughage, lead  tlie way in milk production. '  Marion   Bridge,   C.B.,  Mav   30,  I have handled MINARD'S  ME NT  during  the past year,  always the  first Liniment  here,   and   unquestionably  '02.  L1NI-  It  is  asked for  the   best  seller   of   all   the   different   kinds   of  Liniment I handle.  NJ0IL FWRGUSON.  Germans Shelled Dummies  The 'following  story    is    told    by.  Colonel Pearce Serocold. of the King's  Royal Rifles, who has been invalided  home:  The Royal Rifles found ^themselves  in the open with no means of hiding  their trenches from the German aeroplanes. One of tlie battalions received a tremendou: consignment of  clothes and this give them a brilliant idea. They put on the new  clothes and stuffed the old ones into  the empty trencnes."  The Germans shelled the trenches  for thrce'or four days before linding  out their mistake.  The Best Liver Pill.���������The. action  of tho liver is easily disarranged.' A  sudden chill, undue exposure to the  elements. over-indulgence in soma  favorite food, excess in drinking, are  a few of tho causes. - But whatever  may be the cause, Parmelee's Vegetable Pills can be relied upon as the  best corrective that can be taken.  They are the leading liver"pills and  they have no superiors among suen  preparations.  A "horny handed son of toil," who  had been married less than a year,  was complaining to a friend of his  wife's extravagance. "How is a man  going to save anything for old age?"  he said. "I no sooner get home Ihan  it's Tom, give mc a dollar, give me  fifty cents, give me fifteen cents; five  for this, that and the other thing. I  just can't stand it." "Why, Tom, what  in the world does your wife do"with  so much money?" "I-don't know���������I  ain't gave her none yet."  Value of Screenings  Feeding Test With Sheep Was Made  Witt) Surprsing Results  Screenings are sometimes considered as of no ^talue.' s.This is a mistake. The screenings .-are made up  of seeds, the' same as, the grain, aud  these seeds contain the same-food ele-  raents_as tho grains, To test the value  of screenings.an experiment, was-car-  Tied out by two students, Amos Ewen  and Ephraim Westlund, at- the North  Dakota- Agricultural College. _ They  fed three "pens of sheep. The first  one was fed oats and bran, the^sec-  ond. pigeon grass seed, and the third,  screenings. The reading period covered 10 weeks. If was, to some, a little surprising" to 'find-that the sheep  getting the oats and bran made the  smallest gains. The screenings lot  made ?.-i pounds mors gain"and used  up only 12 pounds more screenings  than lot one ate of the "oats and bran.  The lot that were fed the pigeon  grass seed made 10 pounds more  gain than the oat and bran lot and  used up 12 pounds more of the pigeon  grass seed than lot one ate of the  bran and oats. This experiment  brings out the value of fhe screenings  that so often are left in tho grain and  ���������nothing received fo: it.  Influenza  Catarrhal Fever,  Pinkeye, Shipping  -  Fever,  Epizootic  And all diseases of the,horse affecting his" throat,  speedily cured; colts and horses in'same stable kept  from having them by using SPOHN'S DISTEMPER  COMPOUND. 3 to 6 doses, often cure. One bottle  guaranteed to cure one case. Safe for brood mares,  baby colts, stallions���������all ages .and conditions. Most:,,  s-killful scientific compoun'1.    Any druggist.   ���������  SPOHN MEDICAL CO., Goshen, Ind., U.S.A.  Worms feed''upon the vitality of  children and endanger .their lives. A  simple and effective cure is Mother  Graves' Worm Exterminator.  ' Farming in Colorado  In 1SS0, .^Colorado had 4,506 farms,  valued at 42 million dollars; in 1910,  46,170 farms, valued at nearly one-  half billion dollars. The principal  crops are wheat, oats, potatoes, sugar  beets, alfalfa, livestock, fruit, (lax,  vegetables.-dairying aud poultry. The  greatest acre^yield in the -countiy,  according to returns to. the CJnited  States department of agriculture, is  in .Colorado.- The average, yield of  potatoes in lOlS-'was 110 bushels lo  the acre; wheat, 21 bushels; oats,  36 bushels; and hay two tons to-tho  acre.  Spring- Impurities  A Tonic Medicine is a Necessity At This Season  ���������Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale  People arc.au all'year round tonic,  blood builder and nerve restorer. But  they are especially valuable in the  spring when the system is loaded with  impurities as" a result of tlie indoor  life of the winter months. There is no  other season when the blood is. so  much in need of purifying and enriching, and every "dose of these Pills  helps to make new. rich, red blood. In  the spring one feels* weak and tired���������  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills give strength.  In the spring the appetite is often  poor���������Dr. Williams' Pink Pills develop the appetite, tone fho stomach  and aid digestion. It is in "the spring  that poisons in the, blood li-d an outlet in disfiguring pimples, eruptions  and boils. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  speedily clear the skin because they  go to the root of the trouble in the  blood. In the spring anaemia, rheumatism, indigestion, neuralgia, erysipelas and many other troubles are  most persistent because of poor,  weak blood, and it is at this time  when all nature takes on new life  that the blood most seriously needs  attention. Some people dose themselves with purgatives at this season,  but these only further weaken themselves. A purgative merely gallops  through the system, emptying the"  bowels, but it does no* cure anything.  On the other hand Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills actually make new blood, which  reaches every nerve and-organ in the.  body, bringing new strength, new  health and vigor to weak, easily tired  men. women and children. Try Dr.  Williams*. Pink Pills this spring���������  they will not disappoint you.  You can get these health renewing  Pills through any medicine dealer or  by mail post paid at 50 cents a box  or six boxes for $2.50 from The Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  Encouragement  He���������I shall never marry until I  meet a woman who is my direct opposite.  She fencouragingly)���������Well, . my  friend, there are numbers of bright,  intelligent girls in this neighborhood.  A-man must be an egotist to" boast  that lie never has tho wool pulled  over his I's.  Diver���������See, here, where are those  oysters I ordered on the half shell?  Waiter���������Don't get impatient, sail.  We're drcffle short on shells, but  you're next, sail.  He (sarcastically)���������J'ou * know  some one has said, If you Avould make  a lasting pair of shoes, take for the  soles tho tongue, of a wo. :an.  Slio���������Yes. and for the uppers the  cheek of the man  who said it.  Little Johnny, on being asked by  his school teacher if ho knew what  was meant by "at par," replied that  "Ma was always at pa when he came  home late."  ake the Liver  Do its Duty >  Nine times in ten when the liver is right the  stomach and bowels are right.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Headache, and Distress after Eating.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  MADE IN CANAbA  ��������� THE   BIGGEST  MOTOR  CAR   BUY  of the year.    A   combination  of  price, construction and equipment that has never before been brought together In ona car.  ��������� KEETON car. are built to eivo  day In and day out service. Only  the best materials can give" you  this service.  Keeton construction is of recognized quality. But don't take our  word .for it, make us prove it.  -en  3 Passenger  MODELS  er Touring.  Pas:  Roadster.  PRICES  $1,375.00 and $1",425.00  AGENTS WANTED,  -   SOME NEW FEATURES  1. Improved body lines, giving  graceful stream lino effect-  2. 'Clear. vision, rain vision  windshield. -������  3. Deeper an ' softer upholstering, in high grade leather.  .  4. , Gasoline ta^k at rear, giving  a better dist.ibution-of weight.  5. Vacuum Gravity Gasoline  feed���������a feature of the higher  priced cars. .  '6.    Addition of one-man "mohair'  top, extra tire and tube and dash  lamp as standard- equipment.  EVERY PART OF CANADA  aiuracturers  BRANTFORD,  CANADA.  ��������� A  Modest Hero  Count Karolyi, on returning to his  castle in Hungary, met, according to  the Vossische- JSeitung, one ot his  old servants -who had just been sent  back wounded -from the war.  ��������� ."My good 'man. I hear you fought  valiantly at the front," said the  count. "I should like- to give you  some reward.   What shall it be?"  The old servant replied:  "Well, if you. vinsist upon it, sir,  just give me enough kronen lo reach  from one ear to the other."  "Thai seems to be "a very small  reward," replied the count, smiling at  the odd request.  "It's enough for mc, sir," answered  tlie servant, modestly.  As .the count "was about to comply with- the strange..requost, he noticed that the servant had only one  ear. and remarked upon the fact.  "Yes. sir, I left the other ear on  the battlefield at Shabatz!" answered  the modest man.  Children 1 eething  BABY IS VERY COMFORTABLE AND  LAUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  .     ' PERIOD.   THANKS TO  SLOWS  "Soothing Syrup  PURELY VEGETABLE���������NOT WARCOTiC  FREE TO ALL SUFFERERS  If rou feel 'ou r of sorts' "run bows' 'go r tlie bi.uks'  S'JI'.F-R from KIDNEY, BLADDER. NERVOUS DISKASKS.  CIIKONIC W_AKNESS.U'-_Ei:S,SKlN _RUP IIONS,PILES.  write for FREE cloth bound medical book on  theso diseases aud  wOND-KfUL CURES effected br  ��������� THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Nol No��������� N..3  I and decide Ini  I jourseif iTiti)  the remedy for Vouk own ailment. Absolutely FREff  No'follow up circulars. No obligations. DK.-f-ECl.Krta  MEO GO.HAVEKSTQCK Rn.flAMi'Sl .AD LONDON.-Ml  W-   WANT  TO  fROV-  lll-RAFION   WILL CUM  TOO. '  Minard's Liniment Cures   Dandruff.   . ;  .';..,��������� ::'���������;".*    ,  "William Dean Howells said of modern American letters:  -"In a New England village I entered the iflain street department  store one afternoon and said to the  clerk at th������_book counter:���������  '���������Let me have, please, the 'Letters  cf Charles Lamb.' .'.'..' .''...;  "'Post office right across the  street, Mr. Lamb,' said the clerk  with a  polite, brisk smile."  Deafness Cannot Be Cured  fry loea.1 Application*, u they cannot re.cb. ths dfc,  Mfed portico, of tbe oar. There Ii only'one way to  yuro AetJatn, And th-t la by coastltutlonAl remedies.  De-tnai- tJ caused by an Inflamed conditio', of tha  mucoua lining oi tha Eustachian Tube. When thu  tubs U Infl.mol yuuhavo a rumbling oound or Imperfect hearing, and when It to entirely closed, ������)<&(������  acu la the result, and unless tlio inflammation ctm be  la-en out and thia tube restored to Its normal condition, hearing wilt be destroyed forever: nine cuej  eut of ten are caused by Catarrh, which li nothlnj  kut ... Inflame- condition of the mucoua Eurfaces-  We will jive One Hundred Dollar* for any co#������ ol  PMtacag (c-iuwl by catarrh) that cannot be curt.  B>7 Hall's C*t_t:_ Cure.   Send for circular*. _������������������������-  T. J. CHENEV _ CO..' Tol������_* tt  Sold by Drute-U. Ho.  film Hall's Family -*1_J tor constipation.  Tumors, Lupus cured without knife i  . pain. All work guaranteed. [������r^!r?KBoox I  ���������'���������   . Dlf. WILLIAMS.  Sperinliit on  Cancer! I  ,29������5 Unlr&oitr Aro. S. E. Minneapolis. Mir-  !  A Scottish laird invited an English  friend to go'salmon fishing with him.  The Englishman hooked a salmon, but  in his excitement fell into the stream.  The keeper, seeing he was no swimmer, went to his aid, when the lairn  called out: "What are ye about. Donald? Get liaud o' the rod and look  to th. I'eesh. tie will wait, but the  l'eesh winna."  Tlie use of Miller's "Worm Powders  insures healthy children ���������o far as tho  ailments attributable to worms are  concerned. A high mortality among  children is traceable to worms. These  sap the strengtl) of infants so that  they are unable to maintain the battle tor life and succumb to weakness.  This preparation gives promise of  health and keeps it.',  McTavish (to convalescent soldier)  ���������I -was hearin' ye had a bullet in ye  yet. Are vc no gawn ta liao it taen  00V?  Soldier���������No, the noo. Vo sec, I'll be  gawn back tae the fr-ront in a wee  while, an' wlien I come back I'll just  hae them a' oot thegithcr.  "Don't you think a girl should mar-  r/ an economical man?" asked Mudge.  "Oh, I suppose so," nnswerr-d Dolly,  "but I tell you it's awful being engaged to one?'  Mrs. Wiseneighbour Says  "I should have told you the other  day when we- were speaking of  EDDY'S WASH BOA RDSJthat it is  quite as necessary to have an Indurated ..Fibrewcre Tub  in  which  to  to  wash  make  the  a  clothes,  success of  ���������     A  in  if you  wash  want  day.".  Mrs. Newly wed Says  "I've often heard of EDDY'S  FIBREWARE   PAILS  AND  TUBS.  What's   the     difference     between  fibre  aiid  woodenware?'.'  "EDDY'S PAILS AND TUBS are  made from compressed fibre baked  at extreme heat All in one solid  piece. Cannot warp or fall apart.  No chance of splinters. Wear  longer, look better and are very  light to handle. The latter point  should always be a matter of consideration when buying kitchen  utensils," concludes airs. Wise-  neighbour.  aloiu  Aunt���������Are     you     getting  nicely at school, Charlie?  Charlie���������-Ves, Aunt, I've got the  best place in the class.  Aunt���������And   where   is   that���������at   the  top? ,     ,.  Charlie���������No, near the lire.  It was an Irishman who objected  to taking an emetic, as he was sure  he couldn't keep it down.  Corns  Drop  Instant  Relief  Paint on Pjtnam'a  Extractor tonight, and  corns feel better in the  morning. Magical tho  way "Putr.am's" ease3 the pain, destroys the roots, kills a corn for all  time. No pain. Cure guaranteed. Get  a-25c bottle of Putnam's Extractor i.o-  da;  BWHHWmil^^^  ���������^i;aii_fo������Mtm^ E WEST  TO INCREASE  THE AGRICULTURAL  PRODUCTION  :J  An Association of Farmers and  Business  Men "Whose Aim will  Be to Disseminate Knowledge   of' the  Most Approved  Farming Methods, and to Secure Greater Efficiency  A committee ot Canadian agricul-'  turists were induced to make a trip  to , North Dakota. to investigate the  work of agricultural instruction as  carried on' by the U.S. government.  Mr. Geo. A. Merrick, of Winnipeg, has  sent us their report, showing the re-  eiilt of their investigation, which is as  follows: N  .  Dear Sir,���������The members of the  committee selected/ to visit . North  Dakota.and investigate at first hand  the results of the Field'Agent System  of" agricultural  instruction,  report:  The aim of your committee was to  ' obtain as much' information as possible from the farmers ..themselves  in_ districts where the system is in  operation, and through the courtesy  of Mr. Thomas Cooper, director of the  North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, and Mr. F. It. Crane,  agricultural commissioner of the Great  Northern Railway, we were enabled  to spend three whole 'days motoring  and interviewing iarmers in the country tributary to Valley City, in' the  eastern "part of the state; Minot In  the North Central District; Williston,  near the western boundary; and -.  half day was spent, on ,the return  journey, in the Grand Forks "clistriet.  We were also affordetban opportunity  at each place to discuss with numerous  bankers and business men the question of the results being accomplished, and no effort was spared to make  the investigation, a thorough.one. -  It la our unanimous '.opinion that the  campaign  being  con-  crii section)  ..... I     3  Mortgage Loans* association of  Western   Canada       3  Winnipeg Grain ���������Exchange....    _  Manufacturers'       Association,  (Western  Cai.ada)   ...:     2  Implement Companies' association     2  Canadian    Press  .association,  (Western ��������� branches)         2  Dominion     Retailers'   associa-  . tion (Western branches)....    2  the  side  tory  parts  tablish  -merit of a  velopment  try  of  a  there shall  departments  better  farming,  -ducted in .North iDakota is proving  successful in a remarkable degree,'  and is rapidly creating,, conditions  ���������which will, ensure an enormous en-,  hancement of the prosperity of the  state, 'as well as contribute to a material improvement of the social conditions of farm life. From an investigation of the cost of the wor): we con-  . elude that the expenditures thereon  vill t be returned a hundredfold  through increase -of agricultural products.  We are further of the opinion that  experience of North Dakota, considered in conjunction with the his-  ot agricultural progress in other  of North America, serve's to cs-  conclusively that the attain-  thoroughly satisfactory de-  of the agricultural indus-  new- country requires that  exist���������-as auxiliary to tho  of agricultural and experimental, farms���������an .efficiently organized staff of field men to carry in  formation to the farmers on their  own farms.'  As  a natural  consequence  of    the  unparalleled   rapidity   of   the   settlement ,of Western Canada in the last  few years we have admittedly " "-  usually  large  percentage  of  whose knowledge of farming is sligl  and it. is therefore an abvious  tion that the re-ul*.; which  looked for from an efficient organization of field men would-be proportionately greater-Here than in North Dakota.  The necessity for an organized  movement to increase largely agricultural production in tlie prairie provinces by greater efficiency of farming  methods is now widely rec-'guized,  and we cannot urge too sliongly that  steps be taken without delay to inaugurate the Field A gen: System  here, as the -nost effective means of  accomplishing the desire-l .?nd-  We think it well to add that in our  opinion a movement along the lines  recommended, in order to bo productive of the maximum good, should  take the form of a combination of  the Farmers' Association.., and the  more.important business interests to  co-operate with the department of  agriculture. We. are hot losing sight  ��������� of the fact that the department of  aU three of jour prairie  v. excellent  an unsettles  deduc-  could be  ���������agriculture in  provinces are already don  extension work. They are, however,  somewhat hampered by lack cf  funds, and it is bur conviction that  tlie organization of a Field Agent  System should be set on foot on a  scale sufficient to demonstrate effectively its value with the least possible  los. of time. ���������  ./Wo attach a draft covering our suggestions    for the organization of an  .  Association of Fanning and Business.  Respectfully  submitted.  Name: "Assjciation of Fanning  and Business."  Form of Organization: An association to be incorporated by.private act.  Purpose: To, promote agricultural  development in Western Canada.  Support and Membership: The general funds of the association to he  provided by subscriptions to be invited from all business and farming interests, a subscription of $10 or more  annually to entitle the .-.ubscriber to  membership.  Further financial support to be solicited from miniicipalitiesiin which the  association conducts field operations.  General Council: The association  to be governed by a. board of forty-  two councillors chosen as follows:  Councillors.  By Grain Growers' associations 6  Live Stock Breeders' association  4  Agricultural Societies   "i  Railways (one each)     3  Canadian Credit Men's association     _  Bankers'    Association    (west- ,  36  And  six  others .to  be  selected   by  the foregoing, LI in all, 10 to form a  quorum.  Directorate: The affairs of the as-  l sociation to be ' administered by a  board of nine directors, of which  three to b'e" appointed by the minister  of agriculture and six by-tho general"  council. ,  The chief aim of the association  being' to.increase agricultural production by - dissemiuatiug. knowledge ut  the most approved farming methods,  it is proposed to adopt the plan now  being followed tmd.r varying auspices  in numerous parts of North' America,  .of employing a staff of field agents to  carry information to farmers, on their  farms and induce them to conduct  their operations oh lines recommended by the department of agriculture;  Superintendent: The held work to  be in charge of a superintendent appointed by the board of directors, and  selected with a view to ,his knowledge of the science of agriculture,  as wellas^his qualifications as an  ^executive. .The responsibility for appointments of field- agents will rest  with him"  Field Agents: The work of each  field agent may be more particularly  described as, follows:  1. Going to the individual farmer  on his own farm and actively co-operating with him���������taking up the particular problems presented upon each  farm, and demonstrating through the  farmers' own efforts satisfactory solutions. Ilis activities will be entirely  iu the field, lie will have no regular  office, but will arrange���������to spend an  hour or two periodically in different  centres to meet all inquirers. Among  the .matters..with which he will have  to deal with are the following:  (a) Increasing y'elds per acre (i)  treatment of soil conditions, (ii) better tillage methods and moisture conservation; (iii) selection of seed; (iv)  proper .' rotation, introducing new  crops of value, such as corn and ai-  t'-.lfa. '     .  (b) Planning farmsteads, buildings,  silos, etc.  (c) Selection, care and feeding of  live  stock.  (d) Prevention and eradication of  weeds,  pests; and  diseases  of  stock.  (e) Proper use and .are of farm  implements.  (f) Planting trees and vegetable  gardens, and adding to convenience  and attractiveness of farm homes and  ..irroun dings.  (g) General business management  of farm, including simple system cf  records.  2. Reaching the family community  generally through:  (a) Definite demonstration work, as  above, on individual farms;  (b) Co-operation with branches of  Grain Growers' associations and with  the Live Stocic Breeders' association;  (i) assisting in their marketing activities; (ii) locating good seed, sound  stock, etc; (iii) helping to obtain and  ���������distribute Jabcr; (iv) addressing  meetings (especially in winter time)  and assisting yn preparation of programs; (v) stimulating social features and general interest.   .  (c) Co-operating with those in the  charge of agricultural fairs, especially  by arranging for contests r.-.d prize,  which will feature work done by the  Association of Farming and Business  ���������boys' and girls' competitions in crop  "growing, pork production, seed selection, stock judging, poultry, dairying,  etc,  (d) Local short courses Tor farmers and also boys' camps.  ' (e) Working through rural schools  by (i) stimulating intarast'of inspectors; (ii) addressing teachers at their  association gatherings; liii) popular  talks to pupils, and (iv) encouraging  various school contests.  (f), Distributing popular bulletins,  circulars and posters.  3. Promoting cooperation of farmers i.nd local business with a view l.  a better mutual understanding.  (a) Joint economic gain will be  brought about from increased production and improved marketing methods, and a condition created whereby  farmers will be enabled to purchase  on a cash basis by reason of the fact  that-they will have product, marketable throughout tho year.  (b) From town merchants, bankers,  etc., fher3 wil. be sought practical  support in giving farmer customers  (whether dealing individually or cooperatively) the host possible treatment.  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  An Aeroplane  ~,Gave Warning  .   ->r     ���������-/  Turned German Army From Its Daeh  , on   Paris  and  Changed'Whole  Line of Battle  An aeroplane scouring night which  made history has come to light, many  months after'it look-place. The report of the two aviators making the  flight' turned Ge_m_ von. Kluck's column toward the south from its dash  on Paris in August and changed the  whole  line  of battle  in   the  west  A striking feature of the flight,  moreover, was that its course did not  follow orders, /bnt was determined  upon the .initiative of the flyers. The  story of the flight, taken fro'm a  German magazine, devoted to aeronautics, follows:       '   -  "It happened on-,th6 occasion of our  dash on Paris. The inhabitants of  the ''city of light" received a daily  visit from German aviators. The  latter were accustome.i to drop .-.  couple of bombs every day, but (heir  visit here was not the object of their  program. The chief thing was to  keep watch of the movements of ths  Paris reserve army. This army had  marched up 'with its front toward the  east and one day an aeroplane went  up to observe it again.  "The aviators were struck with the  uncertain movements of the opponents of a.German corps, who appeared to be having a'trifling conflict with  troops further north. Upon their own  responsibility the aviators changed  their course and Hew off to the north.  "They flew and flew, for what they  saw -was well worth closer observation. Then they speeded_bacl: to headquarters and announced that a hostile  army,--was marching upon von Kluck's  flank!���������.  "Nobody would believe it at first.  Cavalry patrols had brought no hevs  to indicate such a movement^ But  nevertheless it was true.  " "The report resulted in the known  new disposition of the German position in the west, and iu the conferring of the~ Iron Cross of the first  class upon the pilot and the officer observer.  The two men referred to are both  first  lieutenants.   They  but   recently  carried out an  important flight over  Warsaw.  GER1A  THEY SUPPLY NEARLY ALL THE WAR MATERIAL  Persistent Reports that Germany is Running Short ,of  Shot and  \     Shell, and Should the" Essen Firm Fail to  Keep  up with  the Demand-, it Might Bring about the End of the War  Germany's most vulnerable point  may be expressed in a single word���������  Krupp's.  This great concern at Essen supplies practically the whole of Germany's war- materials, and its inability to keep up with the enormous  demands of the kaiser's great armies  may bring about the end of the .��������� war  at a much ,earlier date than! has yet  entered into any one's calculations: \  As a matter of fact, the capacity  of the much vaunted Krupp works  is not nearly so great -.���������_;;the aggregate capacity of Britain's five most  important: armament firms. Reports  th at Germany is running short of sh ot  and s,hell are persistent, and are likely  enough to be true, and it is notoi:io.u_  ���������ef-  by  Boy Scouts in England  Have  Proven Their Value Since Outbreak of War  The Boy; Scouts have proved their  value since the outbreak of war.  Four hours after the call can.^  thousands of boys were at the disposal of their country. One morning  a telegram reached a British commissioner asking for a thousand  Scouts. The same evening he had  four thousand standing by waiting  for orders-.  Many an adult warriors in the British Isles, first knew he was wanted  when a Scout brought him. a letter  telling him where to report  The emergency substitution  the lads  was wonderful.    .  The suddenness of the war meant  that riiany coastguards had to return  immediately to the Navy. _ Yet their  ���������work was more necessary than ever.  Hundreds of Scouts took their  places, and had the time of their lives  staying out all night'or watching all  day through big telescopes for the  enemies'  ships.  it  was  a hardened journalist who  confessed that a lump came into his  throat when late one night he met  small group of Scouts dragging  trek  cart,   laden  with   bivouac  and moving quietly through  to their vigil on the cliffs."  that Germany is making frantic  forts to secure supplies of metal  any meaus and at any price; '     :  There: isi also : plenty of evidence  that Krupp-mamifactured munitions  are by no means so superior as many  people had been; led to .believe, and  we know, too, that the "colossus of  arjnament'firms" lias been mixed up  in scandals, bribery, and corruption.  Germany has been very proud of .its  Krupp's and has had unbounded confidence ,in: the huge Essen factory. In  the supreme test how being applied  Krupp's may fail the' fatherland.  Founded at Essen 102 years ago as  a factory_for the production of "English cast steel," and employing only  seventy workmen in 1848, this company now employs 70,000,,, of whom  38,000 are iii the Essen steel works  alone. The great Mannesmann iron  and steel works at Dusseldorf, capitalized at $5,000,000 has been absorbed  into the Essen concern, bringin  crmi'cined sliarg' and loan  Krupp's  up  to, 571,500,000.  As. an  indieat;on of the extfiiU  of  the Essen v.'orks, it may be mentioned that ths '-plant is served by eighty  miles of private railway, and that the  traffic   between   the   works   and   the  Prussian   sto/ie   system   average   be-,  twecn  fifty  and  sixty  trains  daily.  ' The en tiro coal-supply ������������������ is furnished  by     the"   company's   own  collierie_,  which employ 10,000 men am: pi-oduee  nearly  3,000,000   tons  a    yeir.  firm's  iron  .ore .mines, employ  o,  men. The pig iron for the steel works  is  mostly supplied by the Friedricn-  Alfred',Hutte', another important unit.  of  the  Krupp "organization.    These  famous iron works cover nearly  700  of land, and include seven blast  ihe  capital  of  Th  .nci-  himself.  work of  the  a  their  gear,  dark  Naval Code Bool-  Great Precaution Is Used to Guard the  Secret Signals  Every navy has a secret code of  signals different from the ordinary  code in general use. This-code is  usod only in time of war and in the  presence of the enemy. If the enemy  could read the signals he could secure a great advantage. So the secret code books are carefully guarded and none is more carefully protected than that of the United States  navv. The secret code books are  issued onlv to the executive officers  of ships and every precaution is  taken to prevent them beinj  men    in  the  service    ot  acres  furnaces. ,  Tho Annan steel works, another  Krupp unit, manufactures open-hearth  and crucible steel castings for-naval  purposes, and employs 1,000 men. The  Crusonwerke, at Maedgburg, is another great branch, with 5,000 hands,  manufacturing gun mountings, gun  carriages and ammunition. The Ger-  nianiu shipyard, at Kiel, Is yet another Krupp property, and now ranks  among the three best establishments  of its kind in the world. It has half a  mile of water frontage, and can accommodate about ten of the largest  vessels on, tho stocks at. one time,  besides torpedoes- and -other small  craft.  A novel branch of the ������Krupp en-  terprisa is a pre__ bureau. Four  thousand newspapers, technical magazines, reviews and boolcs, besides a  deluge of cuttings, are received at  the Essener IJof monthly'No published report, article, or paragraph dealing with the subjects in which the  many branches of the Krupp establishment are interested faills to reach  tlie bureau. They are all indexed and  tiled.  The particulars���������dimensions, age,  and location���������of every ship of war  and practically every big gun -in-the  world are carefully recorded at  Krupp's, where the German naval and  military authorities have a mine ot  .ready information.  Lately this great firm has come under a cloud of suspicion which appears to be thickening. The case in  which judgment'.was delivered a year  ago shook the faith of not a few Germans in Krupp's, if not in the government which fosterer: and shielded the  firm. It may be recalled -that the  scandal was first brought to public  notice in the Reichstag in April, 1913,  by the Socialist Liebnecht who had  first communicated his charges  against- Krupp's to the war minister  in November, 1912.  Although many documents were  suppressed on the ground that tlfey  contained state secrets, and certain  allegations were ruled out as irrelevant, the evidence which was permitted in open   cotirt" was damaging,  There is no sniok. without fire, and  if only half tiie reports- now-current  on' ihe Continent are true, the limit  of Krupp's capacity to-supply the gigantic demands made by the kaiser's  military staff may be. reached at any  moment.  Production  Some Will be  Profitable  this  very  possibly  capacity   of  to  Canada's Duty  stolen  foreign  governments. The books are bound  fn heaw metal covers, so that if r.  vessel is threatened with capture the  commander may throw his code book  overboard and it will sink, thus  ���������avoiding seizure.  by  "There v  in the play  as a wonderful rain scene  last night."  Realistic, eh?" -  "1 should say it was. Why, when  the rain storm came up my corns  began to hurt me."  Found to be Much More  Than   Others���������Test  Will Tell  The Dominion department of agriculture, dairy division, Ottawa, issues  the following bulletin, under'the heading of "Economical Machines."  "Has it1 impressed itself on your  mind, as a practical man, selling farm  crops in the form of milk throivgh the  medium of- cows' manufacturing apparatus, that possibly some of this animated machinery needs overhauling  and closely examining? A-'new machine, running more economically, may  save a manufacturer its cost several  times over in-a very short while. s������  if your cows were regarded in  light, some might be fonnd to be very  economical ��������� producers, and  the less said about the  others the better.  "Some cow testing figures given  the dairy division,-Ottawa, by dairy  farmers prove that some herds of  cows produce milk at a feed cost of  $1.45 per 100 pounds, while close by  are other herds whose average feed  cost of production is only SO cents  per 100 pounds of milk. Again, between two cows in the same herd the  cost of feed per pound of butter-fat is  found to vary as muclj as  10 cents.  What is of importance to the average dairyman is this fact, that cow  testing helps to put each cow in the  herd on a good paying basis very  quickly. A simple plan of weighing  aiul testing each individual cow's milk  soon discovers if any unit machines in  the milk making factory are not in  good economical running order. Thou  that makes $20 or $::o or more clear  profit above the cost of feed. Does  each one of your coiv; do that? It  will pay you to find out."  Should  That  All  made  war.  frequently  from 23 to  Most of a c.ollc-,'0 man's education  is  acquired after  he  graduates.  Anxious Lady���������I say, my good man,  Is this boat going up 'or flown?"  Deckhand���������Well, she's a leaky tub,  mum. So I shouldn't, wonder If she  was going dov;n. But thou, again, her  b'ilers ain't any too t!ood, so slie  might go up.  Millions   of  Since  000 has  Feet of Dredging in a  Year  1S9G something like ������2,000,-  been expended upon the widening and- improvement of the Suez  Canal. When first opened tha channel  had a'uniform depth  now 31 feet deep,  bottom, and 420  level.    It is still  of 25 feet. It is  ]0S feet wide at the  feet at the water  being deepened and  widened.   Quite apart from, this work  S'O-s a writer in the London Magazine,  V whole fleet of dredges are contin-  I ually engaged on merely keeping tlie  is stated that last year over  (-hie vards of material were  of   the   canal    by     theso  when it  2,000,000  tiken   out  dredges.  Despite the heavy cost entailed In  running tlie waterway and keeping it  open for traffic, the scheme has almost from the iirst been a financial  success, and Suez Canal shares are  always much sought after. By the purchase, in .1875, for ,t;::,t)7G,582 of the  170,602 ������20 original shares held by  the Khedive, the British government  obtained joint control over the canal  with France.  Now   Make   Good   the   Boast  She is the Granary of the  Empire  sorts   of prophesies   are  being  of the' likely duration    of the  Lord Kitchener originally said  three years.   So far as newspaper reports are concerned there is no reason  to   believe   he  has  changed  his  opinion.-   All that he is known to have  subsequently  remarked    is   that    he  didn't know when the Avar could end,  but that he'did know when it woulci  begin���������in ufay.    This, of course, was  taken as. indicating that the real offensive campaign of the allies would  .then  start.    Meantime,  beyond sending over contingents,  the plain duty  remains to Canada of being prepared  for any contingency.   This country is  the nearest of the large overseas Dominions, and to this country Britain  will naturally look for a great portion  of her supplies. That she is doing ���������o  already is abundantly proven by the  fact  unit  the  trace  returns  for  the  five months of the war that   elapsed  in 1914 show a decidedly marked increase.    For the final quarter of the  year, compared with the same period  in   1913, J|hat   increase   was   no   less  than nine and a half million dollars,  principally in the value of foodstuffs.  There    is"   surely    groundwork    for  thought in such a'statement. Canada  has proudly claimed to be the granary  of the empire.   It h. now up to her to  fulfil that i oast, and not only in the  matter of cereals, but also as regards  borf,  mutton,  pork,  bacon  and vegetables.     In   cultivation   of   the   last-  mentioned  the cities  and  towns  can  help  by  utillzin;;  tho   present  waste  land either in  their midst or iu  ihe  surrounding territory. An unoccupied  acre at these times implies extravagance both In soil and labor.    Nobody  can plead ignorance in these matters  when he can write ti the Publications  Branch,   Department   of   Agriculture,  Ottawa,   and   obtain   absolutely   free,  bulletins   and   pamphlets    giving   information on how best to grow peas,  beans, potatoes, turnips, onions, parsnips,   carrots,   Indian   corn,    wheat,  oats and barley.   Also on the breeding  and rearing of live stock, and on dairy  products, bee cultivation, etc. A letter  to the department, addressed as stated, will bring a eataloguo ot upwards  of two hundred of publications, all of  which  can be l.ad gratuitously.  channel free from sand'.   We get some i inea of tlio  magnitude  of  this  task  Over f.9 per cent, of the  women in Philadelphia are  less than enough in wages  to sustain their living.  working  earning  properly  (���������00k--The toa i_ quite exhausted,  ma'am. ,. .  Mistress���������I noticed that It seemed  vr/ry'veak the Inst time  QBflBBCf&Bj  BSEsmznai  3SKR2B899G  Bfl3rs_Hr3l _,;*(** a-.vujwm--*-  ���������- ii,UU-l* ~'u.M  THE   SUN,    GRAND. FORKS,   B. C.  NEWS OF M CUT  Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd A. Manly, .of  this city, have ar. intimate knowl-  , edge of some of palatial steamers  that have become incorporated in  U.e world's history during tbe past  two or three years. A couple of  years ago they toured Europe. On  their way over they crossed the Atlantic on the Lusitania, and while  in Belfast harbor they saw the  Titanic, then nearly completed.  Tbeir homeward voyage was made in  the Empress of Ireland. The M mlys  had planned to again sail for Europe  on the Lusitania next August for a  s-tay of three years.  Monday, May 24th, being a statutory holiday, the post- office will be  closed all day, with the exception of  one hour, from 3 till 4 p.m., when  the general delivery will be open for  the delivery of lettars and papers.  Me.danies Sgink, Manly, JSTile.  and Hayman left 'for Nelson on  Tuesday to attend the annual diocesan meeting of the Women's Auxiliary of the Church of England.  - Military hair-cuts are given the  recruits as soon as they enlist, but  some of the young men who have  vo'unteered for overseas service gare  struggling bravely to produce the  military mustache.  Charles Mudge on Monday received a card from the king and  queen, signed on tbeir behalf by  Lord Kitchener, secretary of sta e  for war, extending the sympathy of  their majesties to Mr. and Mrs.  Mudge for the great loss they had  sustained in the death of their son,  who was killed in a recent battle in  Flanders. Mr. Mudge has also received a similar card from Premier  Borden and "the ��������� members- of the  federal cabinet.  G. A. Griffin owner of the Grand  Forks Family Liquor  store, arrived  in the city on Tuesday  from   Kam  loops. ���������  -  ���������Telephone Talk for May says:  "At Rossland, Trail and Grand  Forks conditions are very good.  Thare the benefits of mining opera  tions are felt: - The Trail smeller' is  very busy and the peopte are'inckis  trious and satisfied.; At'Grand Forks  the-Granby smelter is now operating  to capacity, and the activity of this  company, of course, means the operation of tbe mineral properties at  Phoenix. Tha southeastern' part of  the province, with a substantial in-^  dustry-at its baok, is in good  shape."  The service in memory of the late  Privates  Montague   F. Mudge  and  Frank J. Hicks, 7th  battalion, Canadian expeditionary  force,  in Holy  Trinity church last Sunday afternoon  was very solemn   and   impressive,  and the church   was crowded   with  "representa lives    of    all   denominations from every section of the  cuy.  Forty of the members  of   the  54th  battalion marched   to the church at  2:45, under command of Capt. Kirk,  headed by four buglers.   The mayor  and   members   of   the city council  wprp also present in   peats   reserved  for them.    Thi-service   began   with  thp sentence, "I am the resurrection  and the  lifp," followed   by reading  the xvi, xxiii and xxx psalms; then  camp hymn 412. "Brief life is   here  our portion."    Rpv. P, C. Hayman,  rector, jead the lesson,'I C( r xv-20,  which was fol'owed by   hymn   410,  ' Breathe on me, Breath   of   God,"  A short address by   the   rector   was  followed   by   the   singing of hymn  592, "On  the. Resurrection   Morning."   Then the following sentences  beginning, "Man   that   is   born   of  woman," were read;,, fo11 owed by the  national anthem   and  the   blessing.  Before    the   congregation   left   the  church the "Dead March   in   Saul"  was   played   by   the organist.    The  so'diers,    before    maiching back to  the camp, formed two deep outside  the   church   and  stood at attention,  while   the   buglars   sounded   "The  La.t.Post" for  tbe   two    boys   who  were the first from Grand   F)rks  to  fall in defense of the empire.  "Three Removes are as  Bad as a Fire"  I~h���������4 gam from the philo-opny  of Bonjarnla Fr-nhlln contain, a  lot of truth.  MaKoon.movedo. Gat-.(food  house once for e.1 by _ " Houao  Wantod " ad.  Houses bw be scarce but our  Want Ada will put you. In touch  with tho boat In the mas-hat.  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  Tlie okfCrolinm ranch of  ip-  W.  (Ton I'JiR ACRE  4>__U   312   acres, nt  Cnsciulo,  cmi  be pup  chased ut S20 per acre, if tuUen at once.  K. Ksiiiifr ownt'r, Rossland, B. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKKS WANTliD na Agents for our hirfli  -riid- bicvrlcs. Write for l������iv prices to  THOS. PUMLEY'S CYCL- WORKS, VICTORIA, B.C..  BOOT   REPAIRING  Copper  -Among the non-precious metals  copper stands seconds. Iron is, of  course, the first, and zinc, lead, tin  and aluminum follow copper in the  order given. In respect to the quantity produced there is no great difference between copper, zinc and lead.  The   United   States    leads   all other  NEW  HARNESS .SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old  \     stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  Mpw H������ rn pec and &������ a11 kinds of  .[yew. n.arn.ess liarnessrepairing, m  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  TA.KK   your   repairs  to   Armson,  .-boo   ie-  pnirer.    The   Hub.    Look  for  the   Bisr  lioot  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICES paid for old Stoves  and    Kanfjes.    K. C. Peeklinm,   S.econd-  hniKl Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  GOOD  live room house; two   blocks   from  pObt office. .Apply this office.  WATER   NOTICE  f^������%  Here We Are !  Yo ur \fix Frien ds,  Robin Hood Family"  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  n  (I  tl  tl  Porrioge Oats  Ferina  Graham  WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale bjl ,  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  (DlYEliSION AN'O Usb. )  TAKii NOTICE that" Mrs. Jennie Morrison,  whose address is (irand Forks. 1$. C, will  apply for a licence to tftke ������ud use 20 acre-  feet o. water out of Is'ettle Kiver. which flows  south-easterly and drains into Columbia  River near Marcus, Washin.ton. U.S.A. The  water will be diverted from tlie stream at a  point 950 feet south-easterly from the northeast corner of Lot 169!) and will be used tor  irritratioti i1"- domestic purposes upon tlie  land described as part of J.ot 1699. This  notice \vft< posted on ihe ground o" the 27th  day of Apr'l, lOlh. A copy of this notice mid  an application pursuant iliere o and to tho  IWater Act, 19U." will be Hind in the office  of the rt ater Recorder at Grand Korks, \i.C.  Objections to the application may bo Hied  with the said Water Recorder or with the  Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, Si. C , within thirty days  after the first appearance of this notice In a  local newspaper. The date of the first publication of this notice is April 30th, 1915.  SIRS. JENNIli MORRESON, Applicant.  countries in' the production of all these  metals except tin    :  Necessary as every one of the metals  is to oilr modern civilization, copper  surely ranks next to iron and  steel in usefulness. The fact has been  made clear b}' the experience of the  world since the present war began,,  although proof was not wanting even  before that. For a short time at first  it seemed as if copper were a useless  artiele,' which no one wanted. Neither  at home,nor abroad was there any de.  mand for it. That was because industry in this country was at a stand-  Stall; because the nations at war had  copper enough for the time bejng; because Germany wes cut off from-r its  foreign trade; and because the seaborne commerce of the world had  come almost to a full stop.  Tn those circumstances the price of  copper declined to an extremely low  point. Mines closed, or cut their  production to a minimum'; but the  condition could not last, and   present-  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made  to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  "Upholstering Neatly Done.  RC.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  TENTH VICTORIA DAY  Nelson Day at Grand Forks  c7Honday, May 24th, 1915  SPECIAL TRAIN FROM NELSON  ��������� I ���������  uitary. m anoeovre  By Grand Forks Sharpshooters  Baseball  Football  Basketball  Nelson  Versus  Grand Forks  Open Caledonian Sports���������Children's Competitions  CASH PRIZES FOR ALL EVENTS  Dance in Opera House  cTWusic By~ cTWcLeod's Orchestra   -  FULL   DAY'S  SPORT   AND ENTERTAINMENT.  FOR cALL  See Small Bills  for Programme  W.M.DeCEW, President  F. J. LAKE, Secretary1  GOD    SAVE,    th E_ . KINO  J  ly was reversed. The belligerents  now need copper in vast amounts.  We read of extraordinary expedients  in Germany to get a supply,- even to  the collection of kitchen utensils by  the government. The allies of the  triple entente are importing large  quantities of copper, besides creating  a heavy demand for it in this couutry  by their extensive orders for their  war materials into which it enters. !  ���������: The-������������������result is that, in spite of a  steady increase.in the monthly pro-:  duction, the price of the metal has  advanced    rapidly,  The   change for  the better has made many communities happy. Official returns tell us  that twenty one states in the Union���������  to say nothing of^Alaska���������produce  some copper. Alaska and ten of the  states produce each more than a million pounds annually, and four���������  Arizona, Michigan, Montana and.  Utah���������produce more than a hundred  million pounds apiece. Active mines^  increase employment' both directly  and indirectly, and the new -prosperity is already showing itself in additions to miners' wages.���������Youths' Com-'  panion.  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels     #  ���������". ��������� I have opened a bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  JR. Mooyboer ^r^":  Glass Furniture  CI When in need of an odd piece of Furniture for any room in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from us.     '  _I We carry, the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same careful consideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order.  _I We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnishers  il  \  ���������if  tl  wmmmmmiuMmmmmmsmiKiammmmmmummmimimiii  mMMWMfllBIMUIHIMMMmWnwMIP


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