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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Aug 27, 1915

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 ���������iYU^.Y-;  \     \      \   ,,.lY~,Y-^'.  W  si    I  Kettle YaSley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 43  GRAND FORKS,  B. C., FRIDAY, AUGUST 27, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  PRIZE LIST GRAND'FORKS  FALL FAIR. SEPT. 28-28  ,     SECTION J  WORK DONE BY CHILDREN UNDER 17 YEARS  ��������� Read Rules Carefully  Class���������Section J.       .      '���������               '                1st 2nd  363    Embroidery on Linou $100 & 75  3(54    Crochet work in Cotton or Linen   1 00. 75  365 Crochet work in Wool   100 75  366 Monogram-on Linen or.Cotton   100 75  367 Darning  100 75  368 ' Best dressed doll,-exhibitor's own work,  hand sewn.." ;...'...'...-.���������: ,  1 00 ;r    75  369 Best six Buttonholes .'..���������-<?���������';    100 75  370 Hemstitched Handkerchief   1 CO 75  371- Map in-'(Dolors  1 00 75  372 Drawing, Pencil or Crayon '   i 00 75  373 Specimen Penmanship... ....-   100 75  374 Drawing, free hand   1 00 75  375 Best collection of Postage Stamps, positively the property of exhibitor   2 00 1 00  376 Best  collection   Souvenir   Post  Curds,  positively the property of exhibitor   2 00 100  Best Fret Work by boy    1 00 75  Picture Scrap Book   100 75  Water Color  Drawing    100 '75  377  37 S  379  SECTION K  Class  380  381  3S2  3S3  384  385  386  WORK DONE BY CHILDREN UNDER 14 YEARS  Read,Rules Carefully  -Section K. 1st 2nd  Embroidery on Linen SI 00- ������    75  Crochet work done in Cotton or Linen..   I 00 -     -75  Crochet work done in Wool   100       '7-5  Best dressed doll, exhibitor's own work,.  hand-sewn  100        75  Drawing, Pencil or.Crayon '..Si 00   8   75  Specimen Penmanship ���������-    100 75  Picture Scrap Book ' '  75  SEPTION L���������CATTLE  * Unless two or more compete in this class the Judges  will exercise their discretion as: to whether they will  award the first, second or any premium.  -. ���������'"'���������-.���������'--   .':. Grade Beef Cattle   -   '  1st 2nd  ..$ 3 00  * 2 00  .    3 00      2 00  Class���������Se'ction  ]_.* *  387    Best Cow, 3 years and over   3S8    Heifer, 2 years and under 3 years  389 Heifer, 1 year and under 2 years   3 00  390 Calf (heifer or steer) 1 year     3 00  391 Best Steer....:.;..  3 00  Grade Dairy  Best milch cow. 3 years and over.... 3 00  Heifer, 2 years an*J under 3 years..... 3 00:  Heifer, 1 year and under 2 years...... 3 00'  Calf (heifer or steer) under 1 year..... 3.aJ  Registered Jersey  Bull, over 18 months....  5 00  Bull, under._8 months...... ..,.  5 00  Cow, 3 years and over...  5 00  Cow, 2 years and under 3 years... ... 5 (JO  Cow, 1 year and under 2 years  5 00  Cow, under I year..    .... 5 00  Best herd; 1 male, 4 females   15 00  Registered Holstein  Bull, over 18 months   .:..  5 00  Bull, under 18 months  .5 00  Cow, 3 years and over  5 00  Cow, 2 years and under 3 years...... 5 00  Cow, I year and under 2 years  5 00  Heifer, under 1 year  5 00  Best herd; 1 male, 4 females   15 00  392  393  394  395  396  397  398  399  400  401  402  403  404  405  406  407  408  -109  _ 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  3 00  3 00  3 00  3 00  3 00  3 00  10 00  3 00  3 00  -3 00  3 00"  3 00  10 00  specify class and section   number under which   entries are  made. ��������� ��������� -  3. Iu every class, if in the opinion of the Judge a  bird is not worthy of a 1st prize, it shall be placed according!)*'; but no prize shall he withheld simply because of no  competition.  4. Birds in exhibition pens are not eligible to compete as single specimens:  5. All Sifds must be addressed to the Secretary of  the Grand Forks Agricultural Association. Transportation  charges on all exhibits-must be prepaid by the owner's. At  the close of the show they will be returned as directed by  the owners.  6. During the exhibition the Superintendent will  have full charge of all birds entered.  7. Persons wishing to sell exhibits may place a price  thereon, and the Superintendent will endeavor to sell' the  same at the price stated. Ten per cent will be claimed by  the Association as commission.  8. The Association does not hold itself responsible  for losses or accidents of any kind to specimens.  9. Coops will be provided for all exhibits except Pet  Stock. All exhibits will be fed and cared for at the expense of the Association during the period of the show.  10. All protests must be handed in to the Secretary,  in writing, within 12 hours after the awards for that class  have been made, and must bo accompanied by a deposit of  85.00. If, after tho matter has been thoroughly investigated by the Executive, the protest is not sustained, the  deposit shall be forfeited.  11. The latest "American Standard of Perfection"  will govern the Judge in all recognized varieties.  12. All birds entered must be branded with a numbered leg band  13. Entries will close on September 25th, 19.15,  and no entries will be received after that date.  14. All exhibits must be in the show room by  September 27th, at 8 a.m.  15. Any rules not herein set forth shall be in accordance with the rules adopted by the American Poultry  Association.  Poultry  Premiums will be awarded in classes for best Cock  (Section 1), Hen (Section 2), Cockerel (Section 3), Pullet  (Section 4).    Prizes in each section to be as follows:  Prizes���������Single birds, 1st, $1.00; 2nd. 50c. In all  sections of fowls where there are ten entries or* over the  prizes will be:     1st, $1.50; 2nd, $1.00; 3rd, 75c; 4th, 50c*  Class���������Section N. Class���������Section N.  1. Plymouth   R'-eks, 14. Leghorns, S   C. Brown  Barred 15. Leghorns, S. C   Bull'  2. Plymouth Rocks, White 16, Leghorns, It. C   Buff.  3. Wyandottes, Golden        17. Leghorns, il  C. Silver  18. Minorcas, S. C. Black  19. Minorcas,R  C  Black  20.- Minorcas, White S C  .21.  Andalusians,  Blue  22. Anconas, R  G.  23. Anconas, S.  C,  7. Wyandottes, Columbian 24   Orpingtons, Buff  8. R. I. Reds, S. C. 25   Orgingtons, Black  9. It. 1. Reds, It. C. 26. Orpingtons   White  10. Leghorns, R. C. White   27. English, A. O.W.  11.' Leghorns, S. C. White    28. Houdans  12. Leghorns, Black .   29.. Campinas, Silver  13. Leghorns. R. C. Brown   30.  Campinas, Golden  31. Exhibition Pen���������Entry fee, SI'uO; 1st prize,  $3.00; 2nd prize, S2.00. Pen to consist of one male and  three females  32. Utility Pen���������Entry fee, 81.00; 1st prize, 85.00;  2nd prize, $3 00. Following varieties may compete: All  Rocks, all Wyandottes. and all ��������� Orpingtons Birds entered as single specimens or as exhibition pens can not  compete in Utility Pens. Pen to consist of one male and  four females.  Basis of judging above class will be:  First���������Flesh forming qualities.'  Second���������Egg producing qualities.  Third���������Condition and constitutional vigor.  Fourth���������-Type and color.  Tlie largest realty transfer recorded in this ��������� city since the out  break of the war was made on Wednesday, when G: A. Wallace, of  Grand Forks, purchased F. Shaw  Baker's thirty six acre farm, situate  two miles east of the, the purchase  price being $20,000. The sale was  arranged by F. H, Waldrip and S.  T. Hull.  The school trustees have engaged  Mr. Jones, B. A ,of Calgary, as principal of the Grand Forks high  school, Mr. J. B, Fleming, who had  previously been engaged, being in  too,ill health to teach. Mr. Junes  is an honor graduate of the Univ r  sl'ty of Wales. He has . had four  years' experience in the " Birming  ham high school, two years in Dumfries high school, and two years at  Stratmore, Alta. He will commence his duties September 1. During the present week Miss Todd,  B.A, of Toronto University, is in  charge of both divisions of the high  school.  Laced  4. Wyandottes, Silver  Laced  5. Wyandottes,  Silver  Pencilled  6. Wyandottes, White  The semiannual meeting of the  Presbytery of Kootenay will be held  in the Presbyterian church Wednesday, September 1. Oh .Thursday  evening, September 2, there will be  a meeting open to the public, when  two addresses will be given, one on  "Evangelism," by Rev. J. R. Munro,  M.A., of Phoenix, and the other on"  the subject. "The Old Enemy and  the New Army," by Rev J. S. Hen  derson, of New Westminster. The  union- choir of , the Methodist-and  Presbyterian churches will furnish  the music, ������ Y.-  The prize list for the sixth annual  Graud Forks fyll fair, to be held in  this city on September 28 and 29,  was issued last Wednesday. The  prizes this year are slightly in excess  of those offered last year, and in a  number of classes the amount of  prize money has been materially  increased.  Turkeys  SECTION M���������PIGS  Unless two or more compete in this class, the Judges  will exercise their discretion as to whether they will award  the first, second or any premium.  Class���������Section M. 1st  410    Boar, over I  year........ 85 00  Boar, 1 year and under  3 00  Brood sow, over 1 year    5 00  Brood sow,  I year and under   3 00  Best litter pigs, 8 weeks or under  5 00  411  412  413  -114  ���������_iifi  y.'> oo  2 00  3 00  2 00  3 00  SECTION N���������POULTRY AND PET STOCK  Class���������Section N.  33. Turkeys, Bronze, old  31. Turkeys,  Bronze, young 36  Class���������Section X.  35. Turkevs. White  Turkeys, A. O. V  37.  Geese, A   O. V.  38.  39.  Geese  Ducks  ���������10.  Ducks, Rouen  Ducks, Pekin  ( Con/in ni'.d Xi'xl  Ducks, Indian llunuer  HVf/r)      ���������  The burning out of a the transformer at tbe substation at about 9  o'clock last Saturday evening put the  city its darkness for the balance of  the night. The moon, however,  acted as an efficient substitute for  electricity, and no insurmountable  inconvenience was experienced.  EETHG OF THE  CUT COUNCIL  Mayor Gaw and Aid. Bickerton,  Manly. McCallum and Smith were  present at the regular meeting of the  city council on Monday evening.  A communication was received  from Mrs. John Fcak, who complained of a telephone pole on Second street being in the way of entrance to her property. The matter  was referred to the board of works,  with power to act  Tenders for supplying the city  with coal' were considered. The  tender of the Grand Forks Transfer  company for ^supplying the city  with one carload of coal at 87.50 per  ton, delivered, was accepted.  The matter of the safety of the  Yale bridge for the passage over it  of the threshing machine was dis  cussed, and it was decided that it  would be cheaper for the city to pay  the freight on the outfit to Gilpin  than to repair the bridge so as to  make it safe. A sum not exceeding  825 was appropriated for this pur  pose.  Hugh McVicker applied for a  license for his store in the old post  office building. The clerk waa authorized to issue him one under the  elause of the lieensc bylaw providing for the issuance of transient  licenses.  The council called tho attention  of citizens to .the fact that power  for pumping purposes is very uncertain at present, and warned the  public to be very careful of the use  of watsr and to .observe the conditions of the lawn sprinkling bylaw,  which prohibits the use of nozzles  "arger than 3 1G of an inch.    "'  Threshing is now in full blast in  tbe Kettle valley. Reports of phenomenally high ytelds of all kinds  grain are the order of the day.  Lieut. Stenstron and Corp Hewer  left on Tuesday for Phoenix, Greenwood. Midway and Rock Creek on  a recruiting tour.  Col. Lowery, editor and financier  of the Greenwood Ledge, is in the  city today.  Union services of the Methodist  iind Presbyterian churches next Sabbath as follows: Presbyterian church,  11 a in ; Methodist church,   7-30   p  Rev. M. D.  both services.  McKee  will preach  The Independent Company of  Sharpshooters will leave next Thursday for a week's oiiling at Christina  lake.  Rev. J. D. Hobden, of the .Methodist church, left this week for his  vacation.  James Mc.Mynn, of Midway, is  I attending the high school In this  I city-  manngf.T of tin:  Oscar LaehmuiK  British Columbia Copper   company  : visited   Grand  Forks   on    Wedno.s-  "*rThere is this difference between rents and tear.--:   If a  man goes on a tear he may not be able to pay his rent.  RULES  1. This Exhibition will be held according to the  rules of the American Poultry Association, arid will be  judged by Comparison System.  2. All entries must be made on blanks furnished by  the Association. No entries will be received unless accompanied by the entrance fee. Entranc fees as follosvs:  Each single specimen, 25c; exhibition pen, $1.00 each;  utility pens, $1.00; dressed poultry shown in pairs, 25c | Naturally a man who leads a crooked life is unable  per pair; eggs (1 dozen) per entry, 50c.    Exhibitors must to keep Roth feet in the straight and.narrow path  Frank   Newhauer,   of   this   city,  and Gordon Smith, formerly ol J. L.  White's  drug store, Greenwood, left! ,    o i clay.  TT    .   ��������� , ,. , , ,. ,     on Wednesday   for  Toronto,   where:    Uncle Sum now has a fine opportunity for   establish-1.. .,, .  , , !     ,v, , , ,,      ,    , .    .  . .     ,        ���������       ' V   ,    . /   .    -   r, they wi    take a course ui pharmacy, i     1 he members of the  Independent  ing a great merchant marine.     1 wo   hundred  German!      ���������' l J  1 '     .    Company of Sharpshooters  loceive-l  There is a corn stalk   Unit   mcas- : t(u;ir ne". unjform3 on   Wednesday.  ures   over   twelve feet in length on j      exhibition at the-Grand Forks hotel.  It was grown .in   the  neighborhood  of the Sun ranch.  ships, including the Vaterland, lie interned in his harbors. No doubt, they are being carefully watched.  They need to be, for German emissaries unquestionably  will try to blow them up.  Even if an up to date woman did look like the pictures in a fashion magazine, she probably wouldn't be  satisfied.  A True Canadian  If I were young enough myself, T  too would lie in the firing line and  fk'hling for that for which the  Union Jack stands���������justice, toli-r  ance and liberty. For these things 1  have worked all my lif?. I shull do  (,', A, Wallace returned on Mon- so to the end as long as God spare."  dav from  Portland, Ore. me.-���������-Sir Wilfrid Laurier.  Miss Ruby Bryant, of Greenwood,  visited her sister-iti law iri this cily  during the week end. ���������draET~sTjN".'"r:-T?ANri)  fours; ~s.~tc  on  '..    ' .'  A GOOD CHEW IN A. CLEAN WRAPPER.  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Hard by the War  San Marino, Monaco and the Isle of  Man Are Affected by Loss of  Their Tourist Traffic  When San Marino, with its thirty-  two square miles of territory in Northern Italy, declared war on Austria-  Hungary and assured the .King of  Italy that ils thirty-nine officers and  950 soldiers desired nothing better  than to march to Vienna in the van  of a victorious Italian army, public attention was drawn to the fact that  many small peoples have been cast into tho present European maelstrom.  Here ami there about the map of Europe these petty countries may be seen  if one looks very hard, but despite  their size many of them have glorious  traditions and histories and can point  -with pride to some records which the  large powers might well envy. Among  the more interesting of these independent and semi-independent territories  are Luxemburg, Monaco, Lichtenstein.  the Isle-of Man, the fsle of Herm and  the smallest of republics, San Marino.  Each of them has sent men to war;  all of them have suffered: Inhabitants  of the Isle of Man, for instance, are  reported to be in a slate bordering  on starvation, because the tourist  traffic on which rhey have lived has  been stopped, while' Monte Carlo and  its vicinity is said to resemble a large  hospital, the wonderful hotels and  pleasure palaces being filled with  wounded soldiers. Luxemburg was  the first to know the terrors of war,  for the German soldiers swarmed into  (he litLle grand duchy at the outbreak  of hostilities.  San Marino has a population of  about nine thousand live hundred  people, and the entry of the tiny republic into the war is in reality of  great assistance to Italy, despite the  smallncss of its army. Had San Marino declared its neutrality it would  have afforded a haven for Austrian  aeroplanes, which, having flown over  Italian territory could have alighted  in the republic and claimed immunity  from capture. Curiously enough, San  Marino,-.it is said, has been in a state  of war with Austria for almost half a  oen tury, or since the Italians and  Austrians in 1866 fought with each'  other. The republic at that time declared war, and when peace was concluded failed to ratify: it, it is said,  and the matter was entirely overlooked by Tall concerned. According to tradition, the republic was founded by St  Marinus during the persecutions under Diocletian, while his companion,  St. Leo, founded the village of that  name. , '  Tha Grand Duchy of Luxemburg,  BfJutueast of Belgium, -felt the iron  heel of the' German invader at the  outbreak of tbe present war. The  army of the Grand Duke consists of  150 "gentlemen volunteers, while the  council consists of fifteen- members.  The government, however, is almost  entirely in the hands of the Grand  Duke, who must introduce all bills into the chamber of deputies, which is  elective and consists of forty-eight  members.  In connection with Germany's invasion it is interesting to note (hat Prussian troops had not bean in the grand  duchy since 1872. By modifications of  the treaty of 'Vienna the garrisoning  of the fortress of Luxemburg had passed into Prussian hands, -an arrangement which lasted until 1867. Tha  treaty of London, signed May VI, 18G7,  declared that the Prussian garrison  must be withdrawn and the fortress  dismantled. That was done in 1872-  At the same time the great powers  guaranteed the neutrality of the grand  duchy, and, although a member of the  German Zoilverein, Luxemburg formed a sovereign and independent state.  The grand duchy had no opportunity  to declare neutrality in the present  war, it was said.  With the exception of San Marino  and Monaco, the smallest independent  state in Europe is Lichtenstein.' The  little principality lies south of Lake  Constance and extends along the right  bank of the Rhine, opposite Swiss  territory. It covers about sixty-one  square miles and has a population of  0,477 people. A recent report from  Switzerland stated that tha reigning  prince had declared the neutrality of  his country, which brought flown upon  him the wrath of Emperor Francis  Joseph, who, it is said, threatened dire  consequences to tho little principality  unless it should oast its influence for  Austria-Hungary. Compulsory military  service in tiic principality was abolished in 1SG.S, tha army until then having  been ninety-one strong.  Monaco, in Southern France, i'.-:.-  the smallest of the sovereign principalities of Europe- It has an area of  about eight square miles. Tho population is more than 15,000. The Prince  is an absolute ruler, and thorp is no  parliament. 1V-: is advised by a small  council of state, the members of  which he appoints himself. The mayor  and other municipal aut.lioril.ic_ are  also appointed by the Prince, a governor-general presiding over the general administration of affairs. The little principality passed under French  protection in I860. As a result of the  war and the absence of tourists the  gayeties of Monte Carlo have been  greatly curtailed. Scores of the able  bodied citizens have joined the French  colons and now are at the front.  The fsle of Herm is one of the Channel group near Guernsey, and in 1889  it was leased to a Gorman corporation.  The company later leased it to Prince  von Bleucher, a descendant of the  famous Waterloo general. When war  was declared between Germany and  Groat Britain Mr. Reginald MeKenna,  then home secretary, sent a force of  men to take possession of the small  island. Thoy found a largo wireless  plant had been erected on it.  High-Grade Canadian Goods at a Right  Price   is   the   Best   Advertising  The    Canadian  Manufacturers'  Association has spent about $2^9,000 on  its "'Made-in-Canada" advertising campaign.   It sought also to raise from its  members   $150,000     to   continue   the  campaign, to. make it wider and more  permanent.     The    subscriptions    received from the membership of about  3,000 totalled $20,433, an average contribution  of less  than  $10  per member.   It was plain to those who.heard  at  the  manufacturers'  convention  at  Toronto the report of the committee  in  charge of    the    "Made-in-Canada"  movement, and the discussion following the report, that the support for the  campaign has come from comparatively   few   members.    Mr.  Marry  Coclc-  shutt, who proposed a formal resolution approving the continuance of the  scheme, was in favor of such a cours3,  but was not in favor of a few members  bearing  tho    financial    burden.  From  that utterance,  it would  seem  that the rank and tile of the Canadian  Manufacturers' Association are not in  sympathy with this movement, to the  extent of making stout contributions  or financial sacrifices    on its behalf.  The  Monetary  Times   is   inclined   to  agree  with  the position of the rank  and   file.    A  "Made-in-Canada" advertising  and   educational  campaign,  to  be of any permanent service, must be  a permanent campaign.   If the people'  are to bo kept posted, they must be  posted daily.    A permanent campaign  would cost a great deal of money and  the results would"not justify the expenditure.    The way to educate Canadian people  to buy    Canadian-made  goods, is to make goods in Canada at  the right price and quality in competition with goods made elsewhere. Patriotism does lead the housewife to buy  an inferior article made in her own  country, and sold at a high price, when  an.article of better quality, lower price  and made elsewhere, can be purchased '."':Canadian maiiufacturersi are able  to make the right quality. They are  able to quote the proper price. They  need no such bolstering as the "Made-  in-Canada"   advertising     campaign.���������  Monetary Times.  Profits on  the   Farm  . Before farming-as a business or profession can he considered successful  in the highest and best sense, the  profits arising from production and  distribution of farm products must be  shared by the'hdusehold. Good breeds  of livestock and the most approved  and up-to-date labor-saving farm implements are a necessity on ilia farm.  Likewise up-to- date, sanitary and  drudgery-saving conveniences are as  appropriate for the ' home as Ibis  machinery is for the. fur in, The wife  and children must not be neglected.  The home is. after all, the thing most  desirable. The goal of the successful  farmer should be the home that satisfies, the home that is restful, delightful, enjoyable���������a home such as the  children are loath to quit, when they  arrive at maturity, but ambitious lo"  prepare another one like it, for themselves on some other farm.���������Dr. J. H.  Worst.  Mrs. Ryan���������They do be affher say-  in' that old man Kelly has got loco-  mother ataxy.  Mrs- Murphy���������Well, he's got the  money to run wan av thim if ho wants  ter, but I'd rnyther have a-good hors.  any day.  The artist was painting���������sunset,  red, with blue streaks and green dots.  The old rustic, at a respectful distance, was watching.  "Ah," said the artist, looking up suddenly, "perhaps to you, too, Nature  has opened her sky-pictures page "by.  page? Have you seen the lambert  flame of dawn leaping across the livid  east; the red-stained, s"lfurous islets  floating in the lake of fire in the West;  the ragged clouds at midnight, black  as a raven's wing, blotting out the  shuddering moon?"    ,  "No," replied Hie 'rustic, Shortly,  "not since I signed the pledge."���������Tit-  Bits. .<.���������.-������������������..  We wish to believe that there are  good Germans as well as bad; honorable British citizens as well as enemies of the human race. And every  reasonable Englishman is fully aware  that, confronted by a foe so brutal and  remorseless, the only right method of  reprisals is not to seek for private  vengeance, but to crush, with the aid  of ja united manhood, a European power dead to every impulse of.mercy and  morality arid truth.���������London Daily  Telegraph.  W. N. U. 1061  Notwithstanding the considerable  imports of American apples, Canada  has within her own borders au ample  production of apples to meet all demands. According to the census of  1911, there were in Canada 14,830,492  apples trees, of which about GO per  cent, only were in bcariug. The average production is about 5,000,000  barrels per year, equal lo 15,000,000  boxes. Canada exports about 1,250,-  000 barrels per year. The capital invested in the orchard industry ol! the  Dominion in 1910 was estimated by  W. W. Moore, chief of the markets  division, department of agriculture,  Ottawa, at $127,000,000.  Deeds that Stirred'  the British Empire  The Glorious Stand of-the Canadians  at Ypres  (By the Canadian Record Officer)  The recent fighting in Flanders, in  which the Canadians played so glorious a. part, cannot, of course, be described with precision of military detail until time lias made possible the  co-ordination of relevant diaries, and  the piecing together in a narrative  both lucid and exact of much which,  so near the event, is confused and  blurred. But it is considered right that  those mourning in Canada today for  husbands, sons or brothers who have  given their lives for the empire  should have,, with as little reserve  as military considerations allow, the  rare and precious consolation which,  in the agony of bereavement, the record of the valor of their dead must  bring.' ������������������ '--���������������������������������������������'      -'���������.,-'  And, indeed, the mourning in Canada will be very widely spread, for  the battle: which raged for so many  days in the neighborhood of. Ypres  was bloody, even "as men appraise  battles in this callous and life engulfing war. But as long as brave  deeds retain the power to lire the  blood of Anglo-Saxons,, the stand  made by the Canadians iu those  desperate days will be told by fathers  to their sons, for in the military records of Canada this defence will  shine-as brightly as, in the records  of British army, the stubborn valor  with which Sir James Macdonnel and  the Guards beat back from Hougou-  mont the Division* of Foy and the  Army Corps of Reille.  The Canadians have  the trenches, over the  dead and maimed, the  side  by side  with  who,   in'the   first  broke    and   drove  flower of the  Looked   at  wrested  from  bodies of the  right lo stand  the suberb troops  battle   of   Ypres,  before    them the  Prussian Guards.  from   any   point,     the  "When my wife starts talking on an  embarrassing subject 1 always change  it-"  "I've tried that with my wife, but  it was no go. She simply exhausted  the new subject, and lltcn look up the  old one where she left off."  Small   Roy���������Please    muvver wants  to know if there's a sugar trust.  Grocer���������Yes, my lad-  Small Boy���������Well, will yer trust 'er  vvi' a couple of-pounds?  performance would be remarkable.  Jt is amazing to soldiers,- when the  genesis and composition of the Canadian Division are considered. It contained, no doubt, a sprinkling of  South African veterans," but it consisted in the main of men who were admirable raw material, but who at th3  outbreak of war were neither disciplined nor trained, as men count discipline and training in these days of  scientific warfare.  It was, it.is true, commanded by a  .distinguished English general. Its staff  was supplemented, without being replaced, by some brilliant British staff  officers. But in its higher and regimental commands were to be found  lawyers, college professors, business  men, and real estate agents, ready  with cool self-confidence to do battle  against an organization in which H12  study of military science is the exclusive pursuit of laborious lives. With  what devotion, with a valour how desperate, with resourcefulness how cool  and how fruitful, the amateur soldiers  of Canada confronted overwhelming  odds may, perhaps, be made clear  even by a narrative so incomplete as  the present.  The salient of Ypres has ' become  familiar to all students of the campaign in Flanders. Like all salients,  it was, and was known to be, a source  of weakness to tho forces holding it,  but the reasons which havo led to its  retention are apparent, anil need not  be explained.  On April 22 the Canadian Division  held a line of, roughly, 5,000 yards, extending in a northwesterly direction  from the Ypres���������Roulers railway to  the Ypres���������Poelcapelle road, and connecting at^its terminus with the  French troops. The division consisted of three infantry brigades, in addi  tion to the artillery brigades. Of the  infantry brigades the first was in reserve, the second --was . oir the right,  and the third established contact with  -tlr- allies at the point indicated above.  The day was a peaceful one, warm  and sunny, ami except that the previous day had witnessed a further  bombardment of the stricken town of  Ypres, everything seemed quiet in  front of the Canadian line. At five  o'clock in the afternoon a plan, carefully prepared, was pn: into execution  against our French allies on the, left.  Asphyxiating gas of great intensity  was projected into their trenches,  probably by means of-force pumps and  pipes  laid out  under the parapets.  The fumes, aided ��������� by a favorable  wind, floated backwards, poisoning  aud disabling over an extended area  those who fell under their effect. The  result was that the French were compelled to give ground for a consi.1-  erable distance. The glory which the  French army has wou . in this war  would make it impertinent to labor  the compelling nature of the poisonous discharges under which the  trenches were lost. The French did,  as every one knew they would do, all  that stout soldiers could do, and the  Canadian Division, officers and men,  look forward lo many occasions in  the future in which thoy will stand  side by side with the brave armies  of France.  The immediate consequences of this  enforced withdrawal were, of course,  extremely grave. 'Ihe 3rd Brigade of  the Canadian Division was without  auy left, or, in other words, its left  wasjn the air.  It became imperatively necessary  greatly lo extend the Canadian lines  to the left rear. It was not, of course,  practicable lo move the 1st Brigade  from reserve at a moment's notice,  and the line, extended from 5,000 to  9,000 yards, 'was naturally not the  line that had been held by the allies  at five o'clock, and a gap still existed  on its left.  It became necessary for Brigadier-  General Turner, commanding the 3rd  Brigade, to throw back his left flank  southward to protect his rear. In the  course of the confusion which follow--.  ed on the readjustments of position,  the enemy, who had advanced rapidly after his initial successes, took  four British 4.7 guns in a small wood  to the west of the village of St. Julien.  two miles in the rear of the original  French trenches.  The story of the second battle of  Ypres is the story of how the Canadian Division, enormously outnumbered���������for they had in front of them at  least four divisions, supported by immensely heavy artilery���������with a gap  still existing, though reduced, in their  lines, and with dispositions made hurriedly under the stimulus of critical  danger, fought through the day, and  through the night, and then through  another day and night; fought under  their officers still, as happened to  so many, those perished gloriously,  and then fought from the impulsion of  sheer valour because they came from  fighting stock.  The enemy, of course, was aware  ���������whether fully or not may perhaps be  doubted���������of the advantage his breach  in the line had given him, and immediately began to push a formidable  series of attacks on the whole of the  newly-formed Canadian salient. If it  is possible to distinguish when the  attack was everywhere so fierce, it  developed with particular intensity at  this moment on the apex, of the newly  formed line, running in the direction  of St. Julieu.  It has'already been stated that four  British guns were taken in a wood  comparatively early in' the evening  of April 22. In the course of that  night, and under the heaviest machine gun fire, this wood was assaulted by the Canadian Scottish, 16th  Battalion of the 3rd Brigade, and th**  10th Battalion of the 2nd Brigade,  which was intercepted for this purpose on its way to a reserve trench.  The battalions were respectively commander by Lieut-Colonel Leckie and  Lieut.-Colonel Boyie, and after a most  fierce struggle in the light of a misty inoon, they took the position at the  point-of the  bayonet.  At. midnight the 2nd Battalion, under Lieut.-Colonel Watson, and the  Toronto Regiment Queen's Own, 3rd  Battalion, under Lieut.-Colonel Ren-  nie, both of the 1st Brigade, brought  up much needed reinforcements, and  though not actually' engaged in the-  assault, were in reserve. All through  the following days and nights these  battalions shared the fortunes and  misfortunes of the 3rd Brigade.  An officer who took part in the attack describes how the men about  him fell under the tire of the machine guns, which, in his phrase, played upon them "like a watering pot."  He added quite simply, "I wrote my  own life off." But the line never  wavered-  When one man fell another took his  place, and with a final shout the survivors ot the two battalions flung  themselves into the wood. The German garrison was completely demoralized, and the impetuous advance of.  the Canadians did not cease until they  reached tho far side of the wood and  "entrenched themselves there in the  position so dearly .gained. They had,-  however, the disappointment of finding that the guns had been ���������destroye(J.  by the enejeuy, and later in-the same  night a most formidable 'concentratiou  ,of artillery fire, sweeping the wood  as a tropical,storm sweeps the leaves  from a forest, made it impossible for  (hern^to hold the position for which  they "had  sacrificed  so  much.  The righting, continued without intermission all through the night and  to those who observed the indications  that the attack was being pushed  with ever-growing strength,* it hardly  seemed possible that the Canadians,  lighting in positions so difficult to defend, and so little the subject of deliberate choice, could maintain their resistance for any long period. At ������ a.m.  on Friday, it became apparent thai  the'left was becoming more and more  involved, and a powerful German attempt to outflank it developed rapidly. ' The consequences, if it had beeo  broken or outflanked, need-not be insisted upon. They wort not merel:'  local.  .' t. w:-.c. therefore deeded, form dab e  as the attempt undoubtedly was, >o  try to give relief by a counter-attack  upon the fi**st line of German trenches,  now far, far ad.vancerl from. those  originally occupied by tbe French.  This was carried out by the Ontario  -1st and 4th Battalions of the 1st Brigade, under Brigadier-General Mercer,  acting in combination with a British  brigade, which had been hurried to  the front. It is safe to say that the  youngest private in the ranks, as he  set his teeth for the advance, knew  the task in front of ;him, and the  youngest subaltern knew all that rested on its success. ]t did' not seem  that any human being could 'live in  the shower of shot and shell which  began to play upon the advancing  troops.  They suffered terrible casualties.  For a short limo every other man  seemed to fall, but the attack was  pressed ever closer and closer. The  4th Canadian Battalion at one moment came under a particularly withering fire. For a moment���������not more  ���������it wavered. Its most gallant commanding, officer, Lieut-Colonel Burch-  i.ll, carrying, after an old fashion, a  light cane, coolly and cheerfully rallied his men, and at the very moment  when his example had infected them,  fell dead at the head of his battalion.  With a hoarse er/ of anger they  sprang, forward (for, indeed, they  loved him) as if to avenge his death.  The astonishing attack which followed, pushed jiome in the face of  direct frontal fire, made in broad daylight, by battalions whose names  should live for ever in the memories  of soldiers, was -carried to the  first line of the German trenches. After a hand-to-hand struggle, the last  German who resisted was bayoneted,  and the trench was won.  . The measure of this success may  be taken when it is pointed out that  this trench represented in the German advance the apex in the breach  which the enemy had made in the  originalline of the allies, and that it  was two :.nd a half miles south of  that line. This charge, made by men  who looked death indifferently in the  face���������for no man who took part in it  could think that he was likely to live  ���������saved, and that was much, the, Canadian left.    But it did more.  Up to the point where tits assailants conquered or died, it secured and  maintained during the most critical  moment of all the integrity of the allied line. For the trench was not only  taken, it was held thereafter against  all comers, and in the teeth of every  conceivable projectile, until the night-  of Sunday, April 25, when all that remained of tho war-broken but victorious battalions was relieved by fresh  troops. "  It is necessary now to return to the  fortunes of the 3rd Brigade/commanded by Brigadier-General Turner,  which, as we have seen, at five o'clock,  on Thursday was holding the Canadian left, and after their first attack  assumed the defence of the new Canadian salient, at the same time sparing all the men it could to form an.  extemporized line between the wood  and St- Julic-n. Tim Brigade was  also, at' the first moment of the Gar-  man offensive, made the object of an  attack by the discharge of poisonous  gas. The discharge was followed by  two enemy assaults.  Although the fumes were extremely poisonous, they were net, perhaps,  having regard to tho wind, so disabling as on the French lines (which  ran almost east to west) and the Brigade though affected by the fumes,  stoutly beat hack the two German assaults. Encouraged by this success,  it rose to the supreme effort required  by the assault on the wood, which has  already been described. At 4 a.m. on  Friday, tho 23rd, a fresh emission of ���������  gas was made both on the 2nd Brigade, which held tho Hue running  northeast, and on the 3rd Brigade,  which, as has been fully explaineil,  had continued the line up to the pivotal point, as defined above, and had  there spread down in a southeasterly  direction.  (To be Continued)  '   /  For Long Service---Light Draft and Good  Work.  See  the Cockshutt Agent V  .THE    SUN.   GBAND   FORKS,    B. C.  Tlie Wretchedness  *Cari quickly be overcome by  (CARTER'S LITTLE  S.IVER PILLS  Purely vegetable  ~act surely and  7*-ntly on thia  ���������_Ter;'Cure'i'  ���������'Bilious-new-, .-���������.  &*<-_���������-     -,4_i_S_g8^i  -ache,.-  Diizi-*  -iess, nnd Indigettzon.    They  do  their duty.  Small Pill, Small Do������o, Small Price.  uehuuie must bear Signature  mfwwmmimwmwmdmimtn  MOTHERS!  Don't  fail   to   procuro  IRS: WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP  For   Your   Children   While   Teething  It soothes the Child, Softens the Gums.  ���������\l\_ys the pain, Dispels Wind Colie. and  J������  the  Best  Remedy  for  Infantile  Diar-  rioca. ���������  nranr-FrvE cents a bottle  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and big  *,������������**dry bills Wash It with soap and  *sier. All storfts or direct. State style  3i*_ sue. . For 25c we will mail you.  7ME ARLINGTON COMPANY OF CANADA,  Limited .  S3 Fra**r Avenue Toronto, Ontarl*  Writes Down Telephone Talk  The Telescribe Records Conversations  - * Over the Phone  If Edison's new invention would put  a- atop to the' foolish ai*id prolonged  conversation indulged in by some women on .the-telephone it will prove  welcome to many who are pestered  with the gifl or woman with too much  time on her hands and no consideration for busy people. This latest in-'  vention is a device by which telephonic conversations are automatically recorded. It is a small instrument which  may rest on a desk aud is called the  telescribe. While the telephone is  being used this instrument, started by  the pressing of a button, is recording  the conversation on a wax cylinder. A.  needle attached to a delicate diaphragm at the end of a receiver inscribes the vibrations upon a wax cylinder, is sent to a typist and is run  off like any other phonograph record,  the typist transcribing the conversation on a sheet of paper. This may be  kept-for reference. If the speaker's  voice is desired to be preserved the  wax record may be kept. Mr. Edison*  says,that the instrument could be attached to any telephone and that ft  would record conversations with the  speakers even 3,000 miles apart. In  business houses the telescribe is expected to be of much value. When~a  person called for is out of'his office  the person calling him may speak his:  message and it will be recorded on the  wax cylinder so he may read it when  he returns. It will be valuable to  newspaper reporters who obtain interviews or statements by 'phone, and to  the persons interviewed, and it is ex-  ! pected to be of great service in court  cases, where in the past it has heen  almost impossible to use telephone  messages as evidence.  As you would any other  household commodity���������with  an eye to full value.  When you buy EDDY'S  Matches you receive a generously filled box of Surer Safe  Lights.  Ask For  Silent Parlor Matches  Minard's  theria.  Liniment     Cures     Diph-  Gasping for Breath  Gas  fB HEW FRfiRCH REMBDY. Hal. Hs2. aJX  Treatroccets, cukes chronic weakness, lost vigoe  _ VIII. KIDNEY, Et-ADDER, DISEASES. BLOOD fOISOK.  ?1LES. EITHER HO. DRUGGISTS or HAIL SI. roST 4 CT4  70UOEIU.C*. W. BEEKUAN ST. NEW YORK orLYUAS BROS  TORONTO. WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR. LK CLEM  MID.CO.H4VKRSTOCKRD. HAUPSTEAD. LONDON. KKO.  TaYHXWDRAUEtttTASTELESSU-'URMOr   JASY TO TAUJ  THERAPION ks.sk���������.,  JIB TMAT'TitADE MARKED WORD 'THERAPION' IS OH  tilt. OOTX.STAUf AFrlXEO TO ALL GENUINE rACK-TB.  Woman's Share in the War  "Fvlien the war is over and the Brit-  sh. people go back to the things that  ���������re of.their own household, they will  'robably- realize that while men  ought nobly on the battlefield, women  rorked no less nobly at home. And  ���������'ith this realization will doubtless  *ome -an awakening to the idea that  ���������/omen.who do their share of the  vorkofa-country might also t ��������� trusted with, a share in its government.���������  7-incottver World. .  Horrible  Effect of the Poisonous  Used by the'Germans  "If moving pictures of the terrible  sights to be seen around Ypres could  be shown' in Canada, there would  not be an able-bodied Canadian from  Vancouver to Halifax out of khaki,"  declares E. H. Bradley, writing to  his wife after'lie had visited the front  and had returned to the Canadian  headquarters at Shornclii'fe, Kent,  Eng.  "if. you could see some of the agonized expressions on the faces ot  those brave fellows who fought at  Ypres and are now in hospital,* .gasping for the sweet breath of life, victims of the poison gas shells and  asphyxiating gases blown into the  trenches, it would' make you, woman  as you are, curse such an enemy and  cry"outvto heaven for vengeance.  "But they couldn't beat the Canadians, and the wonderful charge our  boys made makes the charge at Balaclava pale into insignificance. It  makes me feel proud to wear the  maple leaf, and this spirit'is predominant among our boys.  "The- scene when the reinforcements marched down to embark for  France will for ever live in the memory of those who witnessed it. Thousands of Kitchener's army lined the  road from the camp to the harbor,  cheering the hoys from Canada, who  were going to fill the gaps caused by  that terrible, week of lighting-  "I wished to heaven that there  were SO,000,000 people in Canada instead of S.000,000, so that more men  like them could be sent across. It  is men���������and still more men���������that we  want, and that is the only remedy to  crush for ever such pasts of civilization as arc the Huns."     ^  Indicator for Submarine  Canada's Grain  wwhftJwaL.jjBumi mmigufivnuaaaMnji^jiLvvitjit  Will Enable Them to Tell Their Loca-  ���������'tion Without Coming to Surface  Hudson Maxim has invented a position indicator for submarines which is  cheaper and much better than those  now in use in the various navies. This  instrument will enable a submarine to  find her own position under/water and  will do away with the dangerous necessity of going to the surface for that  purpose. Mr. Maxim has applied for a  patent on the device.   He said:  "There was an instance at the beginning of the war where a German  submarine, caught in a bay by a  British flotilla, was vunable , to find  the way out of the; harbor without  ^ rising to the surface- As soon as she  appeared above the water she was attacked and destroyed. ; My -device  would enable a submarine commander  so caught, to locate the mouth ofthe  bay with accuracy and slip out under  his enemies.  "These devices cost only, $1,000 to  instal in a submarine, ' whereas the  position indicator at present'in use  costs $17,000."      .~;vY'YyY;.  Western Canada Grain Exhibits Carry  ���������   Premier Honors Against the  'World  The winning of seventeen prizes  out of nineteen entries of Western  Canadian grains at the San Francisco  'exhibition* is only another in the long  line of victories achieved by the  prairie provinces, of Canada in this  / connection remarks the Calgarv Herald. '.:���������"���������   -Y ���������'.''  It is a fact that Western Canada  exhibits wherever they have been  shown in the last ten years have  swept the boards, no matter by what  they have been opposed- It was the  same at the dry fanning congress as  at the International Irrigation association.  All this goes to show what every  western farmer can accomplish if h*-  but applies himself. Our governments,  Dominion and provincial, are giving  the agriculturist every chance to  learn how to get the best results, both  in quality and quantity, from his  land.  The chief requirements are the  purchase of good seed and the careful' preparation of the land. Results  such as have been achieved at the  Panama Pacific exhibition should  spur every grain grower in the west  to greater effort.���������-Saskatoon Star.  for- evei������y SPOUT  "Wb^ri hy every member  of ihe family.  -: All mothers^can put; away anxiety  regarding their suffering children  when they have Mother Graves' Worm  Exterminator to give relief. Its effects  are sure and lasting.  Economic Use of Horses  One of the most frequent sources  of loss on the farm is an insufficient  return from work horses.  Have you satisfied yourself on the  following, points?  Do your horses earn enough to pay  for their feed and care, and enough  to meet the interest, depreciation and  other expenses, as harness costs arid  shoeing?      .-  Do you handle the liorse labor on  your farm so that the annual cost of  keeping your horses is less than the  average, "or so that the number of  hours worked is greater? Both meth-.  ods will reduce the cost of horse  labor, but the latter offers by far the  greatest opportunity.  ���������;', Can you revise your cropping system so that fewer work horses will  be needed, or so that the work will  be more equally distributed and thus  make it possible to employ them  iL.ore hours each year?  Can you raise colts and thus reduce  the' cost of keeping your horses?      ;:  Can you arrange to use your work  horses for outside work when not  busy on the farm?  Can you reduce the cost of keeping  each horse by feeding less feed or  cheaper feed and still give a proper  ration?  Deafness Cannot Be Cured  fey local application*, a* they cannot reach ths i5!_  tu*d portion of tho ear. There la only one w������jr ta  sure deatsvou. And that _ by constitutional remedies.  JJeatnwa la caused by *n Inflamed condition ot ths  tauooui lining o������ tha Eaat������������hlan Tube. When this  tabs U lnflamoJ you havo ft rumbling sound or Imperfect hearing, and when It la entirely oloeed, Deaf-  Deal la tbe result, and unless the Inflammation can bs  Jttkou out and thin tube restored to Ho normal condition, hearlna Trill bo destroyed forerer; nine- caje������  ���������u* ol ten are caused by Catarrh, which -nothing  but an Inflamed condition of tha laucoun surfaces.  We vlll give One Hundred Dollars for any cue o*  ptitatea (caumd by catarrh) that cannot be cared  By Hall'3 Catarrh Cure.   Send lor circular*, free. :. ��������� ���������  T.J. CHENEY _ CO..' ToleAft A .  SoU by DrnsjUta. 76c.  8_w Hall's Family Pills tor constipation.  GAS   NO   NEW   GERMAN   IDEA  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  "I doa't think I'll go to school to-  lay, mother."  "Why, Eddie; -I thought you liked to  ro to school."  "I do, mother; but, you see, some of  ,_e boys in my class are not so far  advanced as I am, and I thought it  -/ould be nice if i stayed' away and  jave them a chance to catch up."  Madge (reading letter from brother  ... the-front)���������John says a bullet went  ight' through his hat without touching him.  Old Auntie���������What a blessing he had  vi3 hat on, dear.  Awful Asthma Attacks.���������Is there a  member of your family who is in the  power of this distressing trouble? No  service you cau rentier him will equal  the bringing to his attention of Dr. J.  D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy. This remarkable remedy rests its reputation  upon what it has done for others. It  has a truly wonderful record, covering  years and years of success in almost  every part of this coutinent, and even  beyond the seas.  GUARD BABY'S HEALTH ���������  .  IN THE SUMMER  SOLD BY ALL GOOD SHOE DEALERS  Progress in the  Far North  Canadian   Finds   Reservoirs   Marked  1914 and Respirators With the ,.  Date of 1911  "A lett"'/, received in Loanhead,  Midlothian, by friends of a corporal  serving in the Canadian contingent,  states that his company, on capturing  one of the enemy's trenches, found  eight reservoirs of poisonous gas  marked 1914, and also respirators  dated 1911. Y  "The discovery would seem to indicate that the plan of using poisonous  gas was no new thing with the German army, as has been generally understood to be the case.  The first recorded case of extensive  use by the Germans of gas against  the foe -was north "of Ypres on April  23, when the French lines were driven  back two or three miles after a cloud  of gas was wafted into their trenches  from the. German front.  Minard's Liniment Cures Garget in  Cows.  Pioneer Tells of Development in tho  Peace River Block  Mr. Ii. L. Propst of Vanrena, Alberta/who has just made the first  shipment of wheat out ��������� of the Peacs  River country, to the Winnipeg market, is one of the pioneers of that  great fertile district, which is now being linked up with the main line of  the Grand Trunk Pacific, by the build-  in-*; the Edmonton, Dun vegan and British Columbia-rail way;  "When grain reached (he price it  was this winter," says Mr. Propst, "I  saw where it was possible to haul the  grain and just as soon as the steel was  laid to end of grade I started my  teams. Had ' we been two days later .  we would have lost the chance as the  snow was practicaly all gone by the  time we reached the end of steel. In  crossing the Peace River the gorge  is some 700 feet deep, and it required  doubling on the hill, and as it was  getting bare of show it required seven  teams to get the heaviest loads up the  hill, which is one and one half miles  long, it took seven days for this trip  from Vanrena to Peace River Landing. The wheat will realize about SO  cents per bushel all clear, after expenses are paid-"  The Poor Man's Friend.���������Put up in  small bottles that are easily portable  and sold for a very small sum, Dr.  Thomas' Eclecfric Oil possesses more  power in concentrated form than one  hundred times the quantity of many  unguents. Its cheapness and the varied uses to which it can be put make  it the poor man's friend. No dealer's  stock is complete without it.  The summer months are the most  dangerous to children. The complaints  of-tliat season, which are cholera infantum, colic, diarrhoea and dysentry,  come on so quickly that often a little  one is beyond aid before the mother  realizes he is ill. The mother must  be on her guard to prevent these  troubles, or if they do come on suddenly to cure them. No other medicine is of such aid to mothers during  the hot weather- as is Baby's Own  Tablets. They regulate the stomach  and bowels and are absolutely safe.  Sold by medicine dealers or by mail at  25 cents a box from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.  The fifth anniversary of King  George's accession, recalls tlie fact  that few of our monarchs have escaped a serious^war during the early  years of their reign. Britain was at  war.with Spain within four years of  George I.'s accession; George II,,  thanks to Walpolo, had twelve years'  peace before he also was involved  in a' European conflict; George III.  found his country already at war  with France on his coining to the  .throne; Queen Victoria, though al.  peace iuEuropen for seventeen years  after her accession, was committed  to a serious war in Afghanistan in  the second years of her reign; and  when Edward VII. succeeded, the  Boer war was still at its height.  W. N- U. 1061  "General Joff'rc has by a stroke of  the pen removed whatever temptations in the way'of liquor may waylay French or British troops in their  respites from the trenches," says the  Pall Mall. "It becomes a military  offence to sell drink to any soldier  in the zone of either army, and an  equal offence to 'accept or buy' it-  This does not affect, of course, the  regular alcoholic ration, to the benefit of which theYe is abundant testimony."  Carson's Clever Retort  Sir Edward Carson, the leader of  the Ulster Covenanters and the attorney-general in the new Coalition  cabinet, is usually very serious in  demeanor, but he is a master in the  art of making witty and telling retorts.  Sir Edward who is an eminent lawyer, during one case in which he  appeared had more than one passage  at arms with the judge. His lordship  finally between attention to a discrepancy between the evidence given Ijy  two of Sir Edward's principal witnesses, one of whom was a carpenter  and the other a tavernkceper.  "That's so, my lord," instantly retorted Sir'Edward. "Yet another  case of difference between the bench  and the bar."  An amusing story is going the round  of the Tyne shipyards at present concerning the, recent visit of the king,  accompanied by Earl Kitchener, to  certain local works. The royal party  was in the drawing office of a celebrated firm recently, when the door  opened somewhat noisily, and a youth  entered, apparently in ignorance of  the presence of the visitors. "You are  not one of the draughtsmen, are you?"  inquired his lordship of the new-comer. "No, sir, I am the office boy," was  the reply, given with such an air of  self-importance that the habitually  stern face of K. of K. relaxed. Turning to the king, the war lord gravely  exclaimed, "Your majesty, the office  boy."  The Secret of the Swiss  There is no Swiss race. There is no  Swiss language- The people of Switzerland are German, French or Italian  in race and language. But in patriotism they are all Swiss.  Of the twenty-two cantons fifteen  are German, five are French and two  are . Italian. Incidentally it may he  mentioned that twelve of the cantons  are strongly Protestant and ten  strongly Catholic. Yet there is absolute national unity. Switzerland  stands solidly and harmoniously for  Switzerland. The German Swiss ot  Schaffhausen are not for Germany:  the French Swiss of Geneva are not  for France; the Italian Swiss of  Ticino are Jiot for Italy; and this in  spite of the fact that these outlying  cantons aro almost surrounded by  Germany, France and Italy respectively. Racial ties and ties of language may be strong, but the ties of  patriotism are much stronger.���������Cleveland Plain Dealer.  Mrs. Parvenu���������John, that Mrs. Kaw-  lcr, who was just here, said she had  been having a bad attack of ongwee.  What's that?  Parvenu���������Something catchin', perhaps. Why don't you look it up in the  dictionary?  Mrs. P.���������I did. I went through all  the O's, but can't find no such word.  The British Tommy's admiration of  the Canadian as a soldier is well expressed by Pte. A. McNeil of the 1st  Northumberland Field Company,  Royal Engineers, serving with the  28th Division  of the British army.  Having referred to the supreme  bombardment of Ypres when the  shells from German guns poured into  the British lines at about 100 a minute, Pte. McNeil says:  "This was the time when the Canadians lost very heavily, and also suffered much from the gas. They are  a line lot of fellows���������the finest out  here without a doubt, and if the second contingent you speak of is anything like the first, keep on sending  'em. We can do with as many as  you can send."  Granulated Eyelids,  Eycj inflamed by expo-  lure to Sun, Dost and Wind  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye"        "    "  fiemedy. No Smarting-,  just Eye Comfort. At  Your Dniffg-iit's 50c per Bottle. Murfae Eye  BalveinTubej2Sc. ForBookoflheEyeFreeaak  Druggists or Marine Eye Scmcdy Co., Cbjc������g9  THE STOVE THAT HELPS YOU HURRY  WITH % NEW PERFECTION Oil Cookstove  you don't have to wait for the fire to come up.  Just scratch a match ���������the NEW PERFECTION  lights instantly, like a jjas stove. Your nica] is prepared  and on the table in no time.      ' '''* '.;  A NEW PERFECTION in your Idtchcn meaiu cool, comfort"  able cooking all summer. Made in 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner cizes.  At hardware and department store* everywhere. If your dealer  cannot supply you, write us direct.  Madeiri:  J THE   SUN,    iRAND   FORKS,   b. C.  edding  Presents  Let us-help voir pick that  Present you are going to  give. We have a beauti-  ful line of  Cut Glass,Sil verware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that -have  not ���������'  been  advanced since the  war.  A, D, MORRISON _ERrN_E*������R������KPTIC,AN  (S, B.C.  5Ilj������ (&rm\b Storks ������tm  G. A. Evans. Editor and Publisher  A cloudburst and hailstorm struck  I Springdale last Friday evening.  ' Hail stones an inch or more in circumference fell for about twenty  minutes. Fruit and apple., also  the standing oats and wheat' were  damaged. About four inches of rain  fell. ' The Great Northern railroad  track was floating for about a quarter of a mile, delaying the arrival  of the passenger train in this city on  Saturday until 7 in the evening.  BUUaOBIl'TION KATB8 !  Hub Xeur *l-5������  One Year (in advance)   1.00  Ono Year, in United Stutes  1.&0  Address all communications to  ThkGka.vi) Foul's Son,  1'honb U 74 Grand Fours, B.C  FRIDAY, AUUUST 27.   1915  Only a little over a month  now remains until the opening of the sixth annual Grand  Forks fall fair, - and every  citizen should devote all the  time he can possibly spare between now and that date to  make it the best exhibition  ever held here. If the people  of the city and valley do their  duty, this result is assured.  The crops in the district are  the best ever known, and'the  exhibits will undoubtedly be  of unusual excellence and attract large crowds of visitors.  The prizes' offered this year  are sufficiently tempting to  make it an object for exhibitors to bring out the best they  have.  Oscar Lachmund, of the British  Columbia Copper company, last  week inspected the Gold-Ax nnd  Western Star mines on Copper  mountain.  Men, MacDougall & MaeDonald  have received a shipment of men's  outing shirts in cream and stripes,  tans with collars attached.   All sizes.  Warrants for the arrest of  those ex-cabinet ministers of  Manitoba mentioned in the  report of the Mathers commission as having been implicated in the transactions  which robbed the province of  approximately a million dollars, as well as for the contractor, Thomas Kelly, will be  issued this week by Attorney-  General Hudson's department. The commission finds  that Sir llodmond Roblin was  a party to defraud the province of this immense sum of  monev.  Don't expect your friends  to stand up for you forever.  Even friends may need to sit  down.  The war contracts investigated by Sir Charles Davidson in the Maritime provinces  is expected to conclude within a week. The commission  will then return to Ottawa,  and will likely go shortly  to the Pacific coast for the investigation there of the purchase of the two submarines  through the government of  British Columbia. There will  also be investigation of some  horse and feed purchases in  the west. It is intended that  a separate finding or judgment  will be rendered in each case  inquired into, rather than  having one bulky report covering all the transactions.  After geting the worst of it  in an argument, she says to  him, "Now, why can't you bo  sensible?"  MacDougall & MacDon-  ald's store will be open every  day from 8 a.m. to 0 p.m. On  Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday they will remain open  till 9 p.m. to accommdate customers.  George White has taken a lease  and bond npoi the IClkhorn mine  at Greenwood, and work will be  started on the property early next  month.  tall to Arms Imperative  Be honest with yourself. ' Be certain that your so called reason is not  a selfish excuse: Be sure that hereafter, when you look back un today  and its call.to duty, you do not have  cause to confess, to your, cohscienee  that you shirked your duty to your  country and sheltered yourself- an.  der a mere exeuse.���������Lord Kitchener  Men, talk about suits!    Why pay,  618   for   a ' blue   serge    suit,   when  MacDougall & MaeDonald   are   sel  ing them for Si 1.75.  All sizes.   Bee  the  other lines.  An ounce of pluck is better than  a pound of luck���������when it come to  removing ff-alh( rs from geese.  . John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: -'Advertising doesn't  erk ; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. I bin  creases day by clay and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible    power."  Men, call and see the boots MacDougall & MaeDonald are showing.  The very latest from the factory in  dress and working boots.     All sizes.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. b\ Laws' ranch:  Min.  20���������Friday  56  21���������Saturday   .... 53  22���������Sunday, 52  23���������Monday  58  24���������Tuesday  53  25���������Wednesday .. 51  26 ���������Thursday  50  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  wo do not have to resort to ^gambling  scliemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we alreadv have.  "Type was made to read." This  fact is'constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop. '  Accept no substitutes, but  get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news   of the  city and district first.  Au<;  Max.  86  92  96  90  93  94  81  Inches  Rainfall  ^0.00  Granby Shipmants  The  following are   the   monthly  shipping   figures   from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  >=*.. Tons  January   42,211  February......   63,091  March : .69,94S  Agril :  85.382  May 100,693  June.,  103,004  July...... I................101,058  Total............................565,387  The Sun costs only SI a year.    It  prints all the news.  STRAYED  Strayed onto my premises,  one black year-old bull, branded X on left side, and left ear  clipped. Unless the same is  redeemed within- thirty days  he will be sold for expenses.  Dated Grand Forks, B. C,  Aug. 28,1915.  James A. Harris.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made  to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Done.  RC.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price, is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as *a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure sub-  sccribers.  HANSEN 8 GO  CITV BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  te, Gait Coal  Lour  N  o\v  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store,  First Street  Telephones;  Office, R(>6  Hansen's Kksidence.R38  Yale Barber  Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty.  i^8;4  P. A,  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  '��������� Yai.k Hotel, Fikst Strekt.  W^ite Wyandottes  That Lay and Win  I won   at.   fall .show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, _nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and "2nd pen.  Afwinfccr show I   made  four   on tries  and won   2nd   cock, 1st cockerel, 1st  lien, 1st pen and silver cups.  E������'_s from the above are $2.00  for 15, and special prices given  on more than 15.  W^ite Orpingtons  I won at tho winter .show, making five entries, 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen," 1st pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated up  at  SI.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White Leghorn cockerel.  Eg_s$1.00 for 12.  B.B.W. MILLS  GRAND EQRKS,  a. C  ^^^^^^^^s^s^^^m^mm^m^^^^^^^^^^^^  E. C.   HEN NIGER  WILLSELL YOU  Our Best Flour, 100 lbs. /. $3.75 -  "    00 lbs  '2.00  Alberta Flour, 100 lbs. .���������    3.50  oO lbs ."....-.    1.85  The name denotes the gooMs.  Bridge Street Grand Pforlts. B. C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  rospe  When doing that work in Franklin and  Gloucester-  Camps this season, Qet Your Supplies at the  Gloucester General Store a full line of General  Merchandise; Groceries,  Boots,   Shoes  and  Dry   Goods,  Hardware.   Prices very reasonable.    Quotations  on  request.  THOMAS FON&LEY, Prop.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  odel Livery Barn  Barns 8 O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou .itry  . The weekly market will be held  on Second street, between Bridge  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon..  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  tho   world   to  communicate direct with Knplish  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in ouch olassof poods. Besides being a enm-  ptete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, tho directory contains lists of .  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonitil  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns aud Industrial  centrcBof tho United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on recoipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can adverti.se  their trade cards for $5, orlargor advertisements from S15,  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C. THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B  The following is'the platform of the  Liberal party of British Columbia,  which principles we pledge ourselves  to bring'into operation when elected  to power:  - 1���������Free Lands for Settlers���������  None for Speculators." (a) We believe that agricultural land should be  disposed of only on such conditions as  will insure its continuous use and 6c  oupatibn.  (b) We will,utilize as far as p ra-; i  cable the resources of the province in  developing and making accessible  the agricultural and other latent  wealth of the province by good roads  or water communication where neces  sary..  (c) Free homesteads to actual    set-  ���������" tiers.* Holders of   pre-emptions to be  given benefit of this provision.  - (d) Advances to settlers on easy  terms to assist in clearing, dyking, irrigation and other permanent improvements.  (e) Surveys of all   accessible   agri  cultural lands to be rapidly completed  and' survey  sheets  and all necessary  information to be made easily  availa  ble to the public.  (f) Settlemeni en block to be dis  couraged by the removal of reserves  which scatter population and greatly  increase the cost of roads, sehoolsand  other necessary facilities.  (g) No public lands  for the specu  lator..  - 2���������Transportation (a) Co operation with the Dominion 'government  in securing all-rail connection betwaen  the railway systems of Vancouver  island and the railway systems of the  mainland.  (b) The construction of a line owned  and controlled by the government tu  give direct communication by the best  route as to grades and distances be  tween the Simiikameen and other  interior points and the coast.  (c) The husbanding of the provincial credit to assist lines that will open  up new territory.  (d) We  oppose   prouincial   credit  %      and reserve being wasted   in paralleling existing lines..  (e) Abolition of the system of giv-  fn'g away crown lands for townsites,  iree of taxation and under railway  control.  (f) All francises for the construction, operation, and ownership or leasing of government aided roads to.be  open to public competition.  (g) The province to co-operate with  the Dominion in aiding highway con  struction;  ���������(h) The prevention of over-capitalization of railways. ,  (i) Aid to railways not to exceed  what-is reasonably necessary to secure  construction.  (j) Freight, passenger and express  rates and telegraph tolls of all government-aided roads,to be under the  Curisdiction of the Dominion railway  commission.  (k) With a view to meeting the  demand for the transportation of grain  from Saskatchewan and Alberta, the  immediate construction of government  owned elevators.  (I) The people to control the railways, .and not the railways the people;  3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators which has  been the. only timjaer policy of the  present.government.  (b) The survey, cruising and valuation "of timber lands by the govern  ment before alienation, and the disposal of all such lands'by public competition to actual users.  (c) Improved methods of preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation.  (d) Hand loggers' licenses to be  granted where conditions warrant  (e) Stability of tenure, crown dues  and ground rents to be fixed for  definite periods.  4���������Public Protection in Respect  to Coal, (a) Coal lands not to be  alienated, but leased under conditions  to be fixed periodically by the legislature. /  (b) Wherever practicable and necessary, government operation of coal  mines to be at once undertaken with  a view to the protection of the consuming public.  5���������Practical Education.- (a) We  oommend'the appointment of a repre  sentative   advisory    board'   in educational matters, such as   exists   in   all  other provinces.  (b) The present school curriculum  is so overloaded with subjects as to  render thorough education in any  branch impossible.  (c) The increase of manual and  agricultural training Establishment  of an .efficient system of technical  schools.  (d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted.  (c) All political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  . 6���������Representation. ��������� (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical, system of redistribution  (b) We  are  pledged   as a party to  A Clean-Cut  Argument  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use OOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, lei us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  8  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  provide   for   the   equal   suffrage   of  women with.men.  7���������Taxation!' (a) Exemption of  improvements on all lands paying  taxes to the provincial government.  (b) A readjustment of the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive'a fairer-proportion of the unearned increment. Y  (c) Immediate reform of   the  present costly, cumbersome and   inequita  ble system of   collecting school taxes  in unorgdnized districts  8-���������Labor���������Workmen' s Compen  sation Without Litigation, (a) The  creating   of  a  provincial department  of   labor and   free   government labor  bureaus.  \b) A- thorough and frequent inspection of all industrial premises to  insure health, sanitation   and   safety.  (c) The complete prohibition of  child labor in factories and shops.  (d) The establishment by the government of a permanent industrial insurance commission, independent of  politics. This commission to have full  charge of a system . providing positive  compensation to employees for injury  received, during employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving employers the benefit of accident insurance at minimum cost.  (e) The extension of tlie workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazardous employments.  (f) The payment of wages at least  fortnightly. a  (g) The minimum wage, the eight-  hour day arid six day week on all  public and government-aided work.  9���������Oriental Immigration (a) We  stand for a white British Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringency in" immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the total  exclusion of Orientals from the province.  (b) WTe insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations in congested districts. '-        .   ������������������'  10���������Extension of Municipal Powers (a) Increase of local control in  municipal matters.  (b) Election of license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  11���������Public Ownership of Utilities. We adhere to the principles of  public ownership of all public utilities, the limitation of terms of franchises to corporations, renewing the  same if in . the public interest on  equitable terms.  12���������Local Control of Liquor  Traffic, (a) The complete removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.  (b) Control of the traffic by mu  nicipalities, or in unorganized territory, in locally elected authorities.  (c) The adoption of a local option  law.  (d) The regular inspection. -of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������Public Accounts.    We insist  on providing for  an   absolutely   independent   public   auditor gener-el,   ap  pointed and   controlled absolutely by  legislature.  ....'14���������Fishery Control, (a) Immediate steps to restore the fishing industry to white fishermen  (b) The protection of    British   Col  umbia fisheries from foreign    poachers  by   adequate   policing   of   Canadian  .waters.  15_Protection of.Watejr Supply. The retention of all" timber  lands on watersheds tributary to  cities, towns aud municipalitieo, and  the recovering by. the government of  the present alienated properties.  16���������Torrems System of Registration of Titles. The present system of land registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and the reduction of  registration fees.  17���������Non-Partisan Civil Skk vice.  The organization of the civil service  commission for both inside and outside service, so that }he appointments  will -be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  ���������^-a I  How to Address the Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front and to insure  prompt delivery, the Dominion post  office department requests th*3t all  mail be addressed as follows:  Rank   Name   Regimental number   Company,squadron or other unit..  Battalion   Brigade   First (or second) Canadian   contingent   British expeditionary force   Army Post Office,  London, England.  Fish is no good as brain food unless  it has something to assimilate with.  More Victories Are  Won by Siege Tactics Than by As=  saults  . i  t^Apply thi? to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resuitful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  ja  Thi  sB^sssiB^sBisemssam  BSS^smmmmm^tEsmss^imssm&sissBssssssssas  RE-SSSaSfflESSSS  esssts  sesssassssssssssss  BBnTODffiB-iMffffSfflfflSB THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    B.C.  HOME  STUDY  Arts Courses only.  SUMMER  SCHOOL  JBIV and AUGUST  QUEEN'S  ^       UNIVERSITY  KINGSTON, ONTARIO  ARTS       EDUCATION       MEDICINE  SCHOOL OF MINING  MINING  CHEMICAL MECHANICAL  -CIVIL 3LECTRICAL  ENGINEERING  GEO. Y. CUOWN, ReEiBtm-  LOSSES   SURELY PREVENTED  Iu Cutter't Blaeklej Plll>, I-ow-  pricctl, frosh, rcllablo; preferred by  Western stockmen because they pro-  Lqpcv jgma    tect ; whert    other    vaccines    fail,  B���������i  H       ���������   Wrlto for booklet, and tcsUmonlals.  IT* S   <H     10-dose pkge. Blaoklsg'-Pills $1.00  J__a^_������>>    CO-dose pkge. Blackleg Pills   4.00  Use any Injector, but Cutter's beat.,  Tho superiority of Cutter .products Is duo to orcr i������  rears of specializing in vaccines" and sdrunu only.  Insist on Cutter's.    If unobtalnnble, order direct,  ,THE   CUTTER   LABORATORY.   Bcrkeloy,   California,  Letters About Pensions  How to Direct Correspondence to Get  Prompt  Attention  The militia department advises that  all. correspondence with -tlie. depart-;  ment in- connection withYpensions  should be sent directly to the president of the pension board, militia  heacquarters, Ottawa, thus facilitating  prompt attention and 1 answers; Hundreds of letters are arriving every day  in connection with claims for pensions,  and as most of'these letters are sent  without any specific departmental ad-,  dress, the time of the: minister and  deputy minister and their clerks is  unnecessarily taken up in sorting out  the pension correspondence. .    .     .     -  It may be noted also that the flood  of correspondence in connection with  desired information, regarding soldiers at the front is also imposing immense burdens on the officials, and  the total- correspondence of the department ,':as increased by several  thousand "Letters per day.  Populate Our Farm Lands  A Pleasant Purgative.���������Parmelee's  Vegetable Pills are so compounded as  to operate on both the stomach and  the bowels, so that they act along the  whole ailmentary and excretory passage. They are not drastic in the'r  work, but* mildly purgative, and the  pleasure of taking them is only equalled by the gratifying effect they produce." Compounded only of vegetable  substances the curative qualities of  which were fully tested; they afford  relief without chance of injury.  C. P. R. Service in Russia  T":rough Freight Service From the Dominion to Russia by the Trans-  Siberian Railway  The   .traffic   arrangement by which  she    C.P.R..   will  represent  the   Russian   government  in     providing    for  through freight services from the Dominion to Russia by the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Russian Volunteer Fleet,  which  is an  auxiliary of  the railway, is an amplification of the  connection   with   the   Trans-Siberian  Railway, which is a stats-owned system.    The    Company has  offices  in  ��������� -Moscow   and    Petrograd in which it  does  business,    the  only  railway  on  this continent to have such offices in  Russia.    If    *:t  would  seem   strange  that the Company s-iould do business  in either city,  it need only be  mentioned   that  the  C-P.R.  is  the     only  railway in America which is a member of the Round the World Coni'er-  Kiiee  of which the  executive  of the  ���������Trans-Siberian ..Railway, is    a     chief  element.   The Canadian Pacific, in its  round:th.3-world tours, uses, of course,  the Trans-Siberian Railway line which  the average Russian always calls the  ������������������'Transcontinental"    line���������this    being  the notion the system conveys to his  mind.    On    this line there arc three-  types  of engine���������the  wood,  ofl    and  conl using engine.    The wood engine  is a special type,    which is not built  at all on this continent, but it serves  the purpose   in   the physical circumstances  on the system,  which  is differentiated    in    several  ways     from  thos:* on this continent.  Only  Eleven   Per Cent,  of tho   Land  Occupied by Farmers  There are two clearly defined and  contrary forecasts of the after effect  of the war on Canada. The pessimists declare that our immigration will  suffer because all able-bodied men  will be needed in Europe; that capital  will not be loaned to us because it  will be required to rebuild the shattered cities and public works; and  that all the conflicting nations will be  compelled to patronize Iheir own  farms and factories to save them from  ruin.  The optimists contend that our immigration will be swelled by thousands who will be tired of perpetual  conflicts; that capital, regardless of  sentiment, seeks the most profitable  fields; and that if we cannot get it in  Europe we can get it in the United  States; and that the assistance of  Canadian factories and farms must be  called upon to help rehabilitate Europe.*  Men of high standing'and sound  judgment are ranged on both sides of  this controversy, but there are indications thatYthe optimists are prevailing. At any rate,-economic history is  fairly consistent on one point���������-the.  trade'of a victorious nation thrives  when the period of readjustment,' im-,  mediately following Hue termination  of a succes'sfulwar, is over.  There is agreement, as to the necessity ^.of/increasingitlieproduction of  our land. We have'-plenty of land,  but land without tillers will not produce wealth. Volume -Number 4 of  the Census, dealing with agriculture,  which, has just been issued, in: bound  form, states that the total land -area  of the Dominion is 2,306,502,153 acres,-  of which, at-the date of./the Census,  the nine provinces occupied 977,585,-  513 acres. Eleven per cent, of the  land in the provinces,, or. 109,948.988  acres, was occupied by farmers, while  the land considered suitable for farming was 36 per cent, of the total.  \ Plow to secure from these vast  areas, the production of 'which they  are capable is our chief national* problem. If we could solve it we would  be assured of corresponding industrial  development, and the necessary capital to finance both agriculture and industry. Canada needs an immigration  policy which can succeed in settling  experienced farmers from Europe and  the United States on our vacant, fertile lands-���������Industrial Canada.   ������������������  THE DAWN OF  "YOtIG WOMANHOOD  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Ex-Soldiers Will Settle in Canada  It is said that Sir Thomas Shaugh-  nessy has been negotiating for a very  extensive settlement of time-expired  soldiers on Canadian farm lands at  tha end of the war, settlement to lie  carried on by the C.P.R, colonization  department.  Tho C.P.R. holds extensive lands,  especially in ' Alberta, which require  settlors, and such an arrangement  would be an admirable one for Canada,  Great   Britain  and   tho   Umpire.  Girls upon the threshold of woman-:  hood-often drift into a decline in spite  of all care and.attention. Even strong  and lively girls become weak, depressed, irritable and listless. It is  the dawn of womanhood���������a crisis in  the life of every girl���������and prompt  measures should be taken to keep the  blood pure and rich with the red tint  of health. If the body is not in a  healthy condition at this critical stage  grave disorders may result, and future life become a burden. Deadly consumption often follows this crisis in  the lives of young women. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills have saved thousands of young girls from what might  have been life-long invalidism or  early death. They area blood builder  of unequalled merit, strengthening  weak nerves and producing a liberal  supnly of rich, red blood, which every  giri needs to sustain her strength.  Over and over again Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills have proved their value to  women and girls whose health was  failing. Miss Jennie Gereau, St. Jerome, Que,,' says: "At the age of  eighteen my health was completely  shattered: I: was suffering from anaemia with all its attendant evils. The  trouble forced me to leave school. I  suffered from headache's, was tired  and-breathless at the least exertion.  I had no appetite and my face and lips  were literally bloodless. A good  friend advised the use of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and thanks to this  great medicine I am again enjoying  good health, with a good appetite,  good  color and a spirit of energy."  Every anaemic girl ..can be made  wall and strong through the use of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills. Sold by all  medicine dealers or by mail at 50  cents a box or six boxes for 32-50 from  The Dr. Williams' .Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Ont.  Large  List of  Plants,  Which  Can  be  Grown in Canada, and Command  . a Good Price  To describe, or "even to give a list  of the five hundred varieties of plants  that come under the head of medicinal  as given in t\ more than ordinarily interesting bulletin by Assistant Dominion Botanist, J. Adams, M.A., would  take up fc.ii exceptional amount of  space. Mr. Adams entitles his publication, "Medicinal Plants and Their  Cultivation in Canada." It is Bulletin  N'o. 23, second aeries, of the Experimental Farms, and can be had free by-  addressing the Publications Branch,  Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.  Director Grisdale of the Dominion Experimental Farms, makes a correct estimate when he says, "Such information as is contained 'n'this publication  should, bev of value to many of our  farmers." Dominion Botanist Gussow  explains that the bulletiu owes its  preparation to the numerous inquiries  received from time to time relating to  the cultivation of plants possessed of  certain'medicinal or health-restoring  properties. .Mr. Adams, who was formerly lecturer on Botany and Vegetable Materia Medica at Dublin, Ireland, suggests that no farmer runs  any risk by devoting a small plot of  about an acre to drug culture" as an  experiment for a few yer.rs. But for  anybody to go headlong into the business as a. speculation- would be unwise-:. ;:��������� ..;,,  After dealing with-soil, climate, cultivation, collection, drying, imports  and exports, and explaining the terms  used/Mr. Adams gives prominence,  with faithful illustrations in outline, to  the medicinal plants m demand. These  briefly are:  -/American White Hellebore or Indian  Poke, ��������� flowers ilay and June, poisonous, occurs in swamps and wet woods  from New Brunswick to British Columbia; price 8c to 10c per pound.  Plop, flowers July and August, ripe  September and October , occurs in  thickets and on river banks from Nova  :Scotia to Manitoba; cultivated in'Ontario and British Columbia' 25c to 55c  a pound, v  Golden Seal, flowers in April, ripe  in July or August, native in woods of  Ontario, must be cultivated; $5.45 to  ?5.75 per pound.  White Mustard, flowers all summer,  occurs in fields and waste places; 8c  per pound.  Black Mustard, occurs in fields and  waste places; 10c per pound-  Senaca Snakeroot or Mountain Flax,  flowers May or June, grows in rocky  woods from New Brunswick to Alberta; 40c to $1.15 per pound.  Sacred Bark or Bearberry, occurs in  moist situations in the mountains of  British Columbia; 8c to 10c per pound.  American Ginseng, collected about  September, occurs in woods in Quebec  and Ontario; ?5 per pound.  Caraway, flowers May to July, occurs on waste ground in Eastern Canada;  6c to 9c per pound.  Peppermint, flowers July to September, occurs in wet ground from  Nova Scotia to Ontario; 9c to 16c per  pound..  Spearmint, grows in wet grounds  from Nova Scotia to Ontario; 7c to  20c per pound.  -Mr. Adams, in addition to giving description and exact illustrations, in  every case quotes the market price-  Following the plants in leading de:  mand, he comes to those used in moderate or small quantities, such as Irish  Moss. Ergot, Male Fern, White Pine,  Hemlock, Balsam Fir, Juniper and so  on. These occupy 24 pages, two to  five to a page, and then we have foreign medicinal plants which might  grow in Canada. A list of 54 publications and a comprehensive index add  to the instructiveness and interest of  an  exceedingly valuable  bulletin.  ibie osicfca  Searched for a Cure for Years���������Advised to Try Dr. Chase's  Kidney-Liver Pills and Was Cured.  Where there is poison there is pain.  This is a provision of Nature to warn  you against conditions that arc likely  to prove serious.  Constipation o t  tho bowels ia un-  doubtcdly the  greatest source of  disease and sulTer-  ingr. By using one  of Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver .Pills at  bed-time as often  as is necessary to  keep the bowels  regular you can  cure constipation  and the consequent \ cMTTW  indigestion, and re-     irnVL-. bAUiU.  move the cause of backache, rheuma-  tism'and other painful diseases.  "Daily movement of the bowels" is  the greatest Jaw of health.   Dr. Chase's  Kidney-Liver Pills will help you to  form this habit, add to your years,  and brin_ comfort in old age.  Professor A. T. Smith, 1 Mt. Charles  street, Montreal, and formerly of Boston, Mass., writes:���������"I suffered for  many yeaTS from bad digestion, ��������� constipation and horrible backaches. I  havo been treated by many doctors,  without any results. One day a friend  in Eoston advised' the use ��������� of Dr.  Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills. After  usin^ .'two boxes I noticed great Improvement, and after tho fourth-box I  was completely cured. My digestion is  good.- I never feel any pain in tha  back. 'My head is clear, and I feel Hka  a young man. I think Dr. Chase's  Kidney-Liver Pills are one of the best  'medicines on earth."  Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills, one  pill a close, 25 cents a'box, at all dealers or Edmauson, Bates & Co., Limited. Toronto.  Soldiers' Plea for Shells  A Newark woman wouldn't come  out of a burning building because she  couldn't find her stockings. The firemen, though, had plenty of hose, so  she was rescued.���������Guelph Mercury.  Corns  Cured  Applied in  5  Seconds  Sore,   blistering   feet  Q,     -        from      corn-pinched  llltf*K       toes cai1 D������ cured by ....   , .    _       .  Uli,!_      Putnam's   Extractor in What to Expect  24 hours. "Putnam':." soothes away/ "What makes you think the baby is  that drawing pain, eases Instantly, going to be a great politician?" asked  makes the feet feel good at once. Get' Llie young mother.  Lime in Agriculture  die ofthe principal functions of  tho Chemical Division of the Dominion Experimental Farms is to attempt the solution of problems connected with the maintenance and upbuilding of soil fertility.  Among the many valuable results  so far obtained in these investigations  is ihe demonstration of the-'vital part  pls'.yed by lime in the increase of a  soil's productiveness.  The subject is treated in an interesting and practical way in Bulletin  Xo. 80 of the Experimental .Farms'  regular series, by the Experimental  Chemist. Dr. Frank T. Shutt, who discusses it under the following heads:  The nature of lime and limestone.  The agricultural functions of lime  and its compounds.  Comparative values of lime compounds.  The application of lime compounds.  The use and. missue of lime.  Those interested may obtain a copy  of this bulletin by applying to the  Publications Branch, Department of  Agriculture, Ottawa.  .Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Dear Sirs,���������This fall'I got thrown  on a fence and hurt my chest very  bad, so I could not work and it  hurt me to breathe I tried all kinds  of Liniments and they did me no  good.  One bottle of MINARD'S LINIMENT, warmed on flannels and applied on my breast, cured me completely.  C. H. COSSABOOM.  Rossway, Digby Co., N.S.  Flour Milling Flourishes  While Western Canada is essentially an agricultural country, a number  of industries, particularly those that  are related lo agriculture, are grow  ing up in the country. Industries devoted to the manufacture of raw products from the farm into finished materials are in a flourishing state, as  may be judged from the announcement made by one of the leading Hour  milling companies in the west a few  days ago, that the plant at Brandon,  Manitoba, is to be doubled iu capacity.  The present plant of the company/at  Brandon has a capacity of 500 barrels  of flour and 100 barrels of oatmeal  daily. A new cement tank elevator  with modern cleaning plant is also to  be erected.  The most obstinate corns and warts  fail to resist Holloway's Corn Cure.  Try it. .-  ft 25c bottlo of "Putnam's today.  W. N. U. 1061  "I'll tell you, answered the young  father, confidently. "He can' say  more things that sound well and mean  nothing than any kid 1 ever saw."  A clumsy carver once sent a goose  into a lady's lap. His apology was  better than his carving. "Ah, madam,  how potent your charms are; they attract not onlv the living but also the  dead!"  ohc���������Why do you refuse Ethers'  hand to Mr. Nocoyne? Don't you want  your daughter married off?  lie���������Yes; what I am trying to avoid  ' is  having a son-in-law married  on.  Glasgow   Workmen   Visit   Firing   Line  r       and   See   Need   For   More  Munitions  "We have returned from the front  determined" to do our best and to persuade our fellow workmen to do their  best to turn out munitions at top  speed,*'.is the message a party of skilled craftsmen have brought back after  "a visit to the British forces in Fland-*  ers, where every opportunity was afforded them to see the war in all its  stages.  .The result apparently has justified  the unique experiment undertaken by  a large firm engaged in the production of ammunition in Glasgow, which  found that its'output was falling considerably short of the capacity of the  plant. The firm, convinced that its  employees were not giving their  best services, obtained permission  from the government to send eight of  its men to France to see for themselves the conditions under which the  British army' is fighting.  According to the men's report, hundreds of soldiers and officers interviewed by them iu the trenches and  elsewhere pleaded, without- exception,  for more shells.  "They now return as war missionary workers," said a member of thY  firm, "and I-am satisfied that the result will be a great increase in our  output."  Two Thousand Acres  ' Cleared by Aliens  A Scottish soldier seriously wounded was in a hospital ward with eleven  other slightly wounded men. The poor  chap was not expected to recover.  When told there was no hope for him,  he expressed a desire to" hear the bagpipes once more before he died, and  the land house-surgeon sent out and  found a piper'whom he asked to walk  up and'down the ward playing Scotch  airs on his'national instrument. The  next day'the house-surgeon asked the  head nurse how the Scotman was-  "Oh, he's all right, now," she replied;  "but all the other eleven patients are  dead!"      . ,. '        -    '  Four Thousand More Set Aside���������Part  is Eeing Cropped This Year.  The 2,000 odd alien enemies interned iu the big concentration camps at  Kapuskasingand Spirit .Lake, in Northern, Ontario and Quebec, have already cleared about 1,000 acres of  good arable land at each camp, and  the government has now set aside another 2,000 acres at each point for further clearing. Part of the land is being cropped this year. By next year  it is expected there will be a considerable settlement in these districts, and  as a result of the war two new towns  will spring up along the National  Transcontinental.  ��������� Reports from the camps show that  the prisoners of war are, on the  whole, well satisfied with their conditions, and many of them have indicated Iheir intention of taking up  land in the neighborhood and remaining there as permanent settlers  after the war ceases.    _^.   ���������  Miller's Worm Powders "are not surpassed by any other preparation as a  vermifuge or worm destroyer. Indeed, there are few preparations that  have the merit that it has to recommend it. Mothers, aware of its excellence, seek its aid at the first indication of the presence of worms in their  children, knowing that it is a perfectly trustworthy medicine that will give  immediate and lasting relief.  "WorlcFpower or downfall" was tho  challenge of Prussianism; and tho  world is ringing Germany with steel,  grimly determined to light that issue  to the end. And there can be but one  end, albeit that is far off. We who  have stood half a world away and  watched this cataclysm know what  this end must be. We cau feel at last  strength that fights in France, in England, in Belgium, in all the foes of  "kultur." The Lusitania taught as nothing else could have done.���������New  York Press.  PRAIRIE   HARVESTER   OIL  A most durable oil for binders, separators, disc plow*  and farm machines of all kinds. It is heavy bodied,  yet free running ; takes up the play and saves wear.  Not, affected by weather.  Standard Gas Engine Oil, an absolutely reliable  lubricant for all types of internal combustion engines  ���������either gasoline or oii burning;.  Capitol Cylinder Oil, manufactured especially for  the lubrication of steam tractor and stationary steam  engines.  Thresher Hard Oil, a high grade cup grease for  use on separators and other farm machinery.  Eldorado Gastor Oil, a heavy oil for farm machinery, especially adapted for loose-fitting: and worn  bearino-s.  Ask for our lubricants in steel barrels equipped with  faucets���������the clean, economical method of handling;  oils on the farnu  Branch Stations Throughout the Dominion -  THE  IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  !'  smnt*mmiaMitiii&.t!U!iwm>tmiiit>rnmm!  9mmmmmmmiitjmiHnimkiuji.mmmi!m  mMumMmemrm/mmmntmrnmasRaBBtm.  It ���������CHE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS.   B.C.  MANY THOUSANDS OF ACRES ARE YET UNSETTLED  In the Peace River District Alone there arc  25,600,000 Acres  of  Splendid Wheat and Mixed Farming Lands, Most of  Which are as yet Unoccupied  Back to the land! For a goodly  number of years throughout . the  length and breadth of Canada editorial writer have been devoting  .veritable rivers of ink to tlie -sending forth of this message. Bankers,  business men, money magnates and  all'those who realize that a nation's  .welfare depends upon the farmer,  have taken up and reiterated this  cry.  Yet, though all of varied Europe,  Great Britain, the United States,  have sent large bodies of immigrants, in numbers ever increasing  year by year, Western Canada still  offers for the asking, millions of  fertile acres. Of this unoccupied  territory one of the greatest stretches  ia the Peace River District. Within  its confines every man, woman and  child from battered, beleaguered Belgium might find a home and there  each man - could ��������� own a quantity of  land that, compared in area with  his former holdings, would seem to  him stupendous.  ��������� In addition' to the demand of back  to the land a protest has been raised  recently by economists against the  prevalence of' wheat mining which  has long marked the three prairie  provinces. The fertile acres on both  sides of tin Peace, which are as yet  scarcely more than surveyed, can  fulfil the land demand of hundreds  of thousands of men and too, offer  a- soil that' is peculiarly adapted to  mixed farming, which the economists want, and which is' the greatest  and most lasting form of agricul-.  turo.  The district of the Peace comprises a tract of forty millions of  arable land through which runs the  river of that name, a stream as wide  as the Mississippi and navigable for.  some six hundred miles. It enters  the plains through the Pouce Coupee-  Valley on the west and passes out  at Fort Vermilion, and with its tributaries effectually drains the entire  area.-  The outbreak of the European war  causing millions of men to forsake  their ordinary callings has terribly  depleted the' number of agricultural  laborers upon that continent. And  unreaped, burned or rotting crops  and- unsown fields mark the lands  at war. .So that Canada, as never  before had open to her a collosal  market which will accept the produce from every tilled acre of her  soil.  With this fact in view the possibilities of the land of the Peace are  worthy of examination. For many  years wheat with as higii.au average  as forty-live bushels to the acre has  been grown in and around Fort Vermilion, some six hundred miles north  of the nearest railway. Statistics  given to the Alberta government in  the year 1908 showed that between  forty and forty-fivj thousand bushels of wheat had been delivered at  Fort Vermilion and there ground into  flour. At this point the Hudson Bay  Company have for the past twenty  years operated a flour mill with a  capacity of twenty-five barrels a day.  If is the most northerly milling plant  in the American, continent and there  is only one other in the entire world  that even nearly approaches its location in latitude. This yield of wheat  from the north has never been figured in the crop statistics of eithor  of the provincial or of the Dominion  governments. The reason for this is  that it was grown, milled and consumed north of latitude 58, and therefore does not figure in the supply of  wheat from Western Canada.  The reports of the department of  agriculture for the province of Alberta during 1913 show an amazing  array of figures. The following concrete report is quoted from the  crop report of the Hon. Duncan  .Marshall, minister of agriculture for  the province. Iu the land district  of Peace River alone there are 40,163  square miles which reduced to acreage would ;how 25,600,000 acres and  during last season there was under  cultivation ;.n aggregate total of only  35.1 T>8 acres, less than one-six-hundredth of the area, sown to all kinds  of cereal products. The average  yield per .-.ere for wheat in this dis  trict was 23-86 bushels' for oats,  42.42 bushels, and barley 31.16 bushels.  However, the country is not adapted alone to the growing of grains.  Garden vegetables of the finest quality arc to be found during the summer months and small fruits, including even 'Strawberries; have been  raised less.than three hundred miles  south of the Arctic circle. At the  government experimental station at  Fort Vermilion they have grown  every kind, of vegetable, including  asparagus, ' corn and tomatoes, as  well as the hardier kinds. While  the corn and tomatoes do not always  ripen fully, the superintendent has  produced some remarkable specimens and of the other --vegetables,  whatever have grown and matured,  have reached a degree of greater  perfection than in countries far to  the south.  To one who has never inquired as  to the why and" wherefore, these  statements seem to be a trifle 'outrageous. That currants and strawberries, those d^j^ty nurtured products, of warm enma'tos, should grow  in a country where blizzards are supposedly the rule for six months in  the year seems to the uniniated, preposterous. If blizzards raged with  all the fury of their .northern  strength, strawberries or even wheat  would scarce obtain a chance to grow,  but*such is not the case- The average  mean temperature as compiled by the  Dominion government, meteorlogical  offices at Dunvegan and Fort Chip-  awyanjs 58.4 degrees, which is easily  the equal of places situated far to the  .southward.' Then, too, altitude has  much to do with plant life and a comparison of altitudes demonstrates  some truly astounding.facts. Any Dominion government map issued within  the last few years places the altitudes  of various places in tiny figures beside the name of the town. Lethbridge,  Alberta, is 2,&S2 feet above sea level.  Calgary, 3,428 feet. Edmonton 2,188.  From thence .northward until the  height of land is reached the topography., of the. country has a gradual  slops downward until at Peace River  Crossing the altitude is only 1,225  and at Fort Vermilion 950. It; is *a:  well known botanical fact that altitude "has as much influence upon  plant life as1 any other factor in development; and this particularly low  altitude, -in a measure explains why  the farming resources of the Peace  River Valley are among the most  remarkable in  the entire world.  The winters are shorter and while  the degrees on the thermometer may  register a few-, lower than in some  other places farther to the south,  warm Chinook winds from ever the  Rockies temper the atmosphere wonderfully-1' Then, too, during the  growing season the hours of sunlight are truly remarkable. From  two o'clock in the morning until ten  p.m. of the same day, there is daylight���������bright daylight. Consequently  fewer days are needed to ripen growing products and ft Fort Vermilion  wheat has fully matured in 86 days  from the date of planting.    _  The rainfall during the summer  months is also one of the leading  factors in vegetation possibilities.  The Dominion Meteorlogical records  compiled for the last few years show  that the" annual precipitation at  Peace River Crossing averages 17.17  inchis. This is remarkably high considering the length of time. From  the first of June until the end of  July, the two months tha- growing  things require the most rain, the  mean precipitation ij 3-32 inches, a:.d  while the warm bright sun of August  ���������.hines down to mature the crops old  Jupiter Pluvius talcs a holiday,  working but very little, his average  falling away below that of any other  month with the exception of April.  Thus with the world at war and  the- demand to go back to the land  being more strenuously repeated  every day this fertile tract, larger  than the New England States and  one-third as large as all of Great  Britain and Ireland lien waiting to  meet in no small way the demand.���������  F.J.D., in Family Herald, Montreal.  Humane Methods  Britain Hesitates to Make Use of  Deadly   Explosives  For some time past British military  authorities have been attacked for  not making use of gases against the  Germans-  Now if is stated that King George  as representative of a race which has  ever practised chivalry and mercy,  opposes the use of turpinite, whereas Lord Kitchener is said to think  the use of it justifiable as the only  means to counterbalance Germany's  methods of warfare.  Ever since the Germans first began  to U3e asphyxiating gases great pressure has been brought to bear on  the war office to combat the enemy  with his own weapons, or rather with  the far superior explosive invented by  the Frenchman. Turpin, in 1913. He  declared at that time it would make  war impossible, offering it first to the  French and later to the English government  Turpinite is a' brownish liquid  readily absorbed by cotton, which  may be used for charging shells and  mines. When it explodes it kills  everything living within the radius of  a kilometer (five-eighths of a mile).  At the beginning of the war considerable space was given in French  and English papers to this explosive,  and experiments in France proved  beyond a doubt that it possessed all  tho qualities claimed for it by its inventor.       '  An entire herd of cattle was killed  on the spot in France by the explosion of a single bomb of small  calibre.  "Why isit that the strawberries at  the bottom of your boxes are .^jj ways  so much smaller than those at the  top?" asked Mrs- Newlywed.  "All, madam,*' said the grocer, "you  don't put it quite correctly. You  should ask why the berries at the top  of the boxes are so much larger than  those at the bottom-"���������Judge's Quarterly.  Wheat Crop of Western  Canada Sufficient to Feed a Population of  34  Millions  It is a notable fact that the wars  are more productivt of record wheat  prices than is famine. Records of  wheat prices in England,' going back  as far as 1640, show that the highest  prices prevailed during, war periods.  This was most noticeable during the  period of the Napoleonic wars (.1793-  1815);. In 1S12 the average, price of  wheat in England was $3-65 a bushel,  which is the highest recorded in British history, and for fifteen years the  average annual price never-fell below  $1.76. In order to appreciate what  these figures meant it must be remembered that the average earning powar  of the individual a hundred years' ago  was only a fraction of what it is to  day.',     ''. ���������;.-.' ';',,  The nations now engaged in war are  among the greatest wheat producing  countries of the world, as is shown by  the following statistics giving their  production for the year 1913:  Germany ' 171,077,000 bus.'  '  Austria      59,636,000 bus.  Belgium      15,042,000 bus.  France    322,731,000 bus.  United  Kiugdom..  56,691,000 bus.  Hungary      166,675,000 bus. .  Russia    975,790,000 bus.  The production of the British colonies is not included in the above statement, as it will not be reduced by the  war, and the grain'crop of Japan is  omitted for the same reason- Serbia's  crop is comparatively rsmall, and is  not included. Neither do these totals  include the wheat production" of Turkey and Italy.  The falling off in production in  these countries on account of the war  can only be estimated, but if it should  be placed at the moderate average of  25 per cent., it will result in a wheat  shortage for 1915 of over 40,000,000  bushels.  Throughout Canada a great effort is  being made lo supply this shortage.  Canada could in herself, easily supply  the entire shortage if enough labor  and equipment could be brought to  bear, but' this is manifestly impossible. According to a Dominion government report there are 320,173,195  acres of arable agricultural lands in  Canada not yet occupied, and of the  land occupied there are still 73,777,065  acres which have not been brought  under cultivation. If this enormous  area were under crop, the world would  face a surplus instead of a shortage.  But although it is not possible in.a  single season to bring all the fertile  land of Canada under cultivation, wonderful things; are being accomplished.  Estimates of the increased wheat area'  ���������-i:*. ��������� the three great wheat-producing  provinces���������Manitoba, Saskatchewan  and Alberta���������vary from 15 to 40 per  cent., No doub.t_20 per cent, would he  accepted as a conservative ��������� general  estimate. The area under wheat in  these three provinces last year was  9,336,400 acres. An increase of 20 per  cent, will mean an additional 1,867,000  acres under wheat in 1915. Wheat  crops in these provinces for the last  ten years have given an average yield  of 19 bushels per acre. If the present  crop is merely an average crop, the  increase will result in an increased  production of 35,473,000 bushels. The  average consumption of wheat per  if-ad is said to be 6->4 bushels, so that  Western Canada's extra production  this year en the above basis will feel  5,675,000 people- The entire wheat  crop of Western'* Canada will he sufficient to feed a population of approximately 34 millions.  Potash Deposits in Utah  Important Discovery in Utah Means  Much to the United States  Extensive deposits of alunite, a potash-bearing mineral, have been discovered near Marysvale, in Southern  Utah. They are high up in the Tus-  har range, outcropping on the crest of  a ridge that leads from the main divide at an elevation of approximately  11,100 feet above sea level and extends down to about 9,900 feet, the  lower end being 4,000 feet above the  railroad at Marysvale.  ' A recent report of the United States  geological survey states that outside of  Germany there is no known commercial supply of potash salts. The importation of these salts in round numbers for the three years of 1912, 1913  and 1914, has averaged 635,000,000  pounds in quantity and ?11,000,000 in  value. These figures, however, represent only a part of the potash salt J  entering the tTnited States, as they do  not include the imports of salts used  as fertilizers. The quantity of this  class of material imported for consumption in the United States during  the same period has averaged about  700,00 tons, valued at $4,300,000 annually. Thus it is apparent that the  annual importations of potash salts  exceed $15,000,000, all of wnich has  been stopped owing to the British embargo on tlie German supply of potash. The United States government  has sent out men into every state of  the Union prospecting for these' deposits, and it is reported that potash  has been discovered ia several other  states.  '     r   '    ? j  FORGED TO   PAY HEAVY- PRICE FOR TREACHERY  Long Cherished Ambition of the Kaiser to Secure the Mastery on  the Seas, and the Futile Means he Adopted to Accomplish  His Worthy Object is now Interesting History  A concert in aid of the fund for  something or other had been arranged in the village schoolroom, and all  the local "stars" were booked to appear. The favorite soprano, before  she appeared to sing, apologized for  her cold.    Then she started:  "I'll hang my harp on a willow trec-  e-e���������ahum���������On a willow tree-e-e-e���������  oh���������"  Her voice broke on the high note  each time. Then a voice came from  the back of tbe hall:  "Try hanging it on a lewer branch,  miss!"  A battle was in progress between  Britain and. German:', long before  the present war was declared, a battle of wits. One victory was scored  in London ten years ago, the results  of which are now l.cing seen.  When, with the advent of Lord  Fisher to the Admiralty, Great Britain decided on the construction of  her first dreadnought, the news caus-  el great excitement at Berlin. The  Kaiser had often declared his determination to secure control rf the sea3,  and how could this be done if Britain kept ahead all the time? Orders  were given to the chief German spy  to secure plans of these new British  ships at all costs.  The German Secret Service or .spy  system was the self-considered finest  in the world. Its cleverest agent was  set to work in London, and he managed to strike up an acquaintance  with a. man employed at the Admiralty.  The smart spy was an adept at the  game, and employed all his art. to  improve on his acquaintance, all the  time keeping his ulterior motives well  hidden. It seems that he led- up to  the subject by speaking. of the disappearance of some other plans, and  suggested that the admiralty secrets  were too veil guarded to be spirited  away. The man from the admiralty  admitted that the secrets were well  guarded, but thought he could get  them if he warned to. "I know a  shipbuilding firm that would give  ^5,000 for those plans," the" German  spy said. The other hesitated and  shook his head. "No-o," he said; "it  isn't worth while." The German offered ������7,000, ������8,000. ������10,000, and finally ������12,000, but each time he was  refused: "I'll', give you ������15,000,'' he  saidat last. "All right," said the  other; "if you bring ������15,000 in Bank  of England notes rouin. to my. rooms  I'll let you have the plans."  The German agent paid over his  ������15,000 'and received in return a  series of plans of the Indomitable, the  Inflexible, and the Invincible, those  battle cruisers of ours which have  already made history. The plans were  hurried to Steinhauer, the master  spy, who himself took f them to .his  royal master. The German designers  rubbed their hands. If this was Britain's  best,   -they    would    have    no  trouble in beating it- So they designed  a vessel which was to be bigger, faster, and much more powerfully armed.  It was to have a speed of 25 knots, a  displacement of 15,550 tons, and a  main armament of twelve 9.2-inch  guns. This vessel was laid down.  She was presumed to be the mightiest  battleship in the world. As a matter  of fact, she was out of date before  her keel was completed! Still, the  Germans did not know that. They  went on building, and in due time the  ship was launched. She was christened Bluecher, and cost ?6,250,000.  This was the ship which was caught  on a baby-killing raid and was blasted from stern to stern and sent to the  bottom of the "sea by Sir David  Beatty. The German admiralty,  while chuckling to itself at having  caught Great Britain napping, had a  terrible awakening. They found that  they had been tricked. Their cleverest spies had been fooled in the simplest manner. The British' admiralty  had been cognizant of what was going on all the time, and had deliberately engineered the deal. Those" plans  upon which the Germans had. set so  much store were false. The Bleucher  was doomed to destruction before she  was built. She was designed five  years behind her time.  Never has a power been outwitted  so neatly! When the dreadnought  was launched the Germans discovered that they were building a poor 25-  knot boat to beat one of������28-knots,  the faster ship having also the  heavier armament. The ships that  Germany is turning out today are-  only the equals-of those we built in  1911. Since then, the British navy  hr.s forged ahead in every way, gaining in size and speed of ships, number and range oY guns, etc. Th-3  Germans looked to their spy system  for salvation. Their spies were "themselves spied upon, and the net result  i:; that the navy which was'to lower  the Union Jack wherever it flew over  the ocean, is riding at anchor in th������  Kiel canal behind booms, chains,  mines and every safety device ever  invented. Should that navy ever come  out, the German sailors will find  themselves no better a match for the  boys of the Bulldog breed than were  the spies who were gulled so easily  into parting with $75,000 for plans  that were obsolete and useless.  Ancient Marine  Insurance  The Earliest Known English Policy  Dates  Back to  1613  "At the time of the Crusades it was  no unusual thing for "travellers to insure their lives against capture; and  the insurers had to pay whatever ran-  sonie might be demanded for their release. Those, however, who were too  poor to effect insurances of this description were perforce obliged to depend upon the money placed in the  boxes for the reception of 'God's  pence.'  "By the end of the sixteenth century insurance companies had been instituted all over the country; vessels  were insured for five months when  their voyages were to Flanders, Portugal and Norway; for twelve months  when tke ship sailed to the coasts of  Italy, the Azores, Peru, Brazil or tin  Indies, aud notification' of loss was  received for the former until the end  of 'three months, while six and even  as much as twelve months were permitted for the latter. When these stipulated times had elapsed no claim  could be admitted, under any circumstances.  "It is also interesting to reflect that  assurance policies were- paid in England despite the fact that the original  transaction had at first been settled  on the continent, and naturally what  was first settled in England could likewise be discharged upon the continent. From this it would appear that  progress had been made in the development of marine insurance companies. The earliest English policy ex-  taut dates back to '.161.3, and was unearthed in the Bodleian Library, Oxford."  The following is the Canadian  Pacific Railway estimate of the year's  acreage put into grain in the prairie-  provinces:  Wheat     acreage���������1014,     10.530,000  acres;    1015,     ]2,SO!>.000   acres.     In-;  crease wheat acreuer--. 22 per cent.  Oats acreage���������11)14, 6,237,000 acres: j  1915, 6,693,000 acrea. Increase oats-i  acreage. 12 per cent.  Barley acreage���������.19 It. l,flC7.000  acres; 1915, 2,221,000 acres. Increase  barley acreage, 15 per cent.  Flax acreage���������19.14, 1.005,000 acres;  1915, S64.00U acres. Decrease flax-  acreage, 14 per cent.  Total���������1914 acreage, 19,739,000;  1915 acreage. 22.SHO000. Xet increase  acreage, 16 per cent.  Antiseptic Bullets  Carry Narcotics to Deaden Pain and  Antiseptics to Heal Wound  A new bullet that carries in its  nickel jacket first-aid kits filled with  narcotics to deaden pain, and with  antiseptics to heal the wound it makes  has been invented by Alexander Foster Humphrey  of Pittsburg.  The new anaesthetic, antisepetii  bullet contains both naroctic and antiseptic drugs. There are enough of the  former so that a wound even in a  vital part will cause little pain or  shock to the nervous system . And  while the i;arcotics are bringing relief  to the wounded man the" antiseptic  preparations are cleasing the torn tissues and checking the flow of blood.  The Humphrey bullet is exceedingly  simple in construction. It looks exactly like any bullet at first glance,  bu'; a closer inspection will reveal two  annular grooves pressed into its  i.ickel jacket.  The grooves are where the first aid  drugs are stored. The one nearest the  tip is for the narcotics aud the other  for the antiseptics.  Tiie drugs are eneasjd in layers of  gelatine, and when the grooves are  filled a thin coating of paraffin is  spread over tho lop-  The paraffin coating is melted by  the friction of the bullet in the rilling  <Y the projecting weapon, and in its  flight through the air, so that the  drugs are ready to begin their work  of healing as soon as the missile finds  its mark.  The small amount of gelatine which  is used to hold the drugs in place is  entirely harmless, and is quickly absorbed by tlie blood. The anaesthetic  is also absorbed by the system almost  instantly, and iu a very short time  produces nearly complete insensibility  to pain. At the same time the antiseptic is checking the hemorrhage  and uniting nMh the blood lo soothe  and   heal   t'e   torn   llcsh.���������Tit-Bits.  Alfalfa   in  Alberta  A representative of English linen interests, now in Saskatchewan, is quoted as saying that lie is ready to buy  from the Saskatchewan farmers from  $10,000,000 to :J 15,0011,000 worth of  fibre. It must he pulled and baled  into twenty-pound bales. Saskatchi-  wan is the greatest flax growing province or state on the American continent, and many millions of dollars  worth of flax fibre have every year  been going up in smoke.  Farmers in the Lethbridge district  '��������� began cutting their first growth of  . alfalfa during tho beginning of June.  ; Cutting at this early date shows how  ��������� Alberta suits  this class of crop.  Again one can see that with fair  weather a fourth cutting is more than  a possibility and, at any rate, thero  will be excellent cover crop a few  weeks after the mower has gone over  the  field   for the third  time.  Farmers iu Southern Alberta arc  beginning to realize more every day  the great prospects tins crop holds out  for them.  A woman who had some knowledge  of baseball took a friend to a championship contest, says Everybody'b.  "Isn't that fine?" said the first. "We  have a man on every base." "Why,  ves," said tho friend, "and oo bav������  ' they." THE   SU1N,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  IS OF THE CITY  A general meeting of the members  of the South Yale Copper company  will be heid in this city on Wednesday, September 8.  Frank Stack, . an old timer of  Grand Forks,-who has been living  in Victoria for the past live or six  years, returned to toe city on Saturday.  The Ledge gives the Grand Forks  public schools credit for having only  ten teaehers. The Sun wishes to remind its contemporary that there  are an even dozen instructors' in the  .schools in this city.  C. W. King's Sunday evening address. ��������� This and other popular  hymns-with the soldiers at the front,  will be included in the selections at  the Sunday evening's service at the  Baptist church.  it is stated that the Granby company is looking for copper properties  around Hazplion.  The public aud high schools  opened last Monday with a large  enrollment o.f pupils.  Men, MacDougall it MaeDonald  have received a shipment of rlnnc-  ing pumps; all pizes. Only ������3.Tfi n  pair.  Men, call and pee the line of  Toole's underwear MucD'uistmII &  MaeDonald are showing*, in all sizes.  The real underwear for now; only  50c a garment. S������e the combination  line at 81.25 a suit.  Mining is growing 'active around  Uhesaw, and the Uoid Ax is shipping to the Granby smelter in ��������� tins  city.  Representatives of the British  Columbia Copper company recently  inspected the Mountain Lion mine  at Redublic.  The farmers around Curlew are  expecting the United States government to furnish them irrigation  fiom Curlew lake.  Miss Eva,M. Stark will organize  her first kindergarten class on Wednesday, September], at!) a.m.  Work was resumed last week in  the Argo tunnel at Greenwood.  The Skylark mine commenced  shipping ore to the Granby smelter  in this city this week.  The deer hunting season opens on  September 1. Grouse will be safe  until the 15th.  Mrs. M. C. Davidson and daughter "returned yesterday from an extended vacation trip to southern  California.  Pillar   of  Kindly  Lights") will'be the theme  of   Rev.  "The   Story   of    the  Clouds"   (hymn,    "Lead  The Army and Civil Law  An incident occurred at Vernon a  few   days   ago   which emphasized a'  vitally   important      principle   that  must    not    be   disregarded   pvpii in  time of war.     "A deputy   sheriiT   en  terpd the military namn for the purpose of serving writ on a soldier.u  An  nfricpr, a captain.nrdpred th'e deputv,  to takp thp papers buck.summoning a  guard   with   fixed   bayonets  to givp  convincing substance to   the   order.  But   in   doing   this the captain was  guilty of a serious offence, a   techni  cal assault upon the   officers   of  the  courts, and he was baled   before the  magistrata   and   fined.    The magis  trate loook occasion  to   remind   the  accused that the civil   law   was   supreme   and    that   an  o/Ticiiil of the  courts   had   as   niuch   authority to  Sf>rve   a    writ   or   summons upon a  soldier as upon a civilian.  The magistrate's reminder was  timely In all Brifish count rips,  except in the period covered by th,j  proclamation of martial law, thp  civil iuithnrity is supreme. Nothing  else' wonld be tolerated by the peo-  plo whose ancestors fought for centime for the right to control.through  their representative institutions,  every department of public service  for which they were taxed. In times  of national danger they will submit  willingly to the suspension of the  functions of the civil authority, but  even this suspension can be brought  about' only through the procedure  established by their parliament.  Men,   See   Our  Window Display  for Quality  rices  Men, We Claim  We Have Better  Values Than Any  Store in Town  EW . HARNESS .. SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my   old  stand on Bridge street and will manufacture  ���������WJaxTLr Hfli-HACC and  do  all; kinds- of-.  (NeW nameSS harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  .ji.JTSP  r������r> "*->'���������*'������  :'^Yi?:iiMFf|  i:r.T;^o,i  #  "���������&������-.  ������������������-.���������������.'_ ti������v  .<$  Here We Are I  Your Six Friends,  We  Robin Hood Family  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  If wo couldn't offer yon better Underwear'and  Hosiery at the same prices and as good'at smaller prices- than other stores we wouldn't choose  this subject for today's ad.  VVc specialize in Hosiery aud Underwar.  Wo are proud of the large patronage this  store enjoys. We know people look to'"this as  the Hosiery and Underwear store���������look to us  for the lowest prices. .Every good store grows,  and our Hosiery and Underwear department is  getting more than its shaie of" growth. Oiir  lines show a great variety to select from. Hosiery  in fashionable colors and in good fast blacks.  Underwear in all the best qualities and newest  models. Lf you consider the present high cotton  and wool prices, these prices are remarkably low.  Men's Underwear  Men,.see the line of Balbriggan, line  mesh; colors, pink; cream white; all  sizes; real-underwear for now.  rices,  o()c a imrmens: (������0c a suit  Penman'sUnderwear  Sec  the various  lines  of Pen Angle,  Balbriggan, Knitted  Unshrinkable; all  size.  Prices, (roc, 1.40, 1.50, 1.00 a garment  Cotton and Cashmere Hose  See our range of Cotton and Cashmere  All sizes; blacks and tans.  Prices. *2oc, 3i5c. oOc a  1 lose  )air  -nose  Men, Call and S  ee  See the line of Sub-Hose; all sizes.  Also the line of artificial Sub-Hose; all  sizes.  Prices, 2oc, f>0c, 00c, Ooc pair  The   nice   line  of Summer Combinations in light weights: all sizes.  Prices, $1.25, $1.50 and $2.75 a Suit.  Mann's Old Drug Store  Next Telephone Office  Bridge Street  An important feature this month  of Telephone Talk, the magazine  published by the British Columbia  Telephone company, is the description of the Hotel Vancouver. The  illustrations are unusual, comprising a three-color cut of the hotel,  which is one of the finest buildings  of ' its kind in. the world; a reproduction of a photo of a .-magnificent  histnric'il painting, entith-d l,C-ipt.  Vancouver Takiny; Over    Vancouver  r^S������S^S>iSS-'SSS^!SSSSS2S^aS^3SS^S '.  Inland,"   which   will   hang   in the cially   designed    by   the  architect.  hotel; a picture of the telephone  switchboard, which *-is of record  tize, and cuts also of the telautograph equipment, which is the only  apparatus of its .kind in Canada.  A point made in the descriptive text  is that the Hotel Vancouver, which  cost three million dollars, is a made-  in-Canada building throughout,  every part of   which   has  been spe-  These articles, which comprtse several pages, made this isstie of Telephone Talk oven more interesting  than usual.  Men, MacDougall & Macdonald  have received a shipment of summer underwear in light weights.  Colors, pink, cream white; all sizes;  50c and 65c a garment. -  ������  it  Porriage Oats  Ferina  Graham  WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  U|i></ -l?^l^:W:  The tslograph will  reach your roan quick!/.  If you are cure just  where he Is the te'e-  phons vviiJ do it quicker.  But if it is good help you  want and do not know  just where _o find it, cur  Want Ac's, aro qa;_I.er  thar- either.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  DEALERS IN  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY: ^-_^  A CAR OF CANADA PORTLAND CEMENT  Which will be sold at a  close  price  for  cash  or approved credit.  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0. BOX 610  FOR SALE- FARM LAND  <TOn I'ER ACRE���������The old Graham riinch of  vP_)U 312 iieres, lit Casein]'!, cnti bo purchased lit ?20 pur aero, if tulcou ut onco. W.  K. ICsliiiR-  owner, Rossland,)}. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKUS   WANTIS1) ������H npi'iits for our ln-fl)  _rn-lo hii'.yclos.-   Write for  low   prices  to  ITHO.S. PLIMLEY'S   CYCLE    WORKS,   VICTORIA, 15. C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKK your repairs to Armson, shoe rp-  I pnlrer. The Hub. Look for tlie Hitr  Hoot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  n IGHKHT CASH PKICKS paid for old Stoves  n    nnd    Kiuitfes.    JB. C.  Peckhiini,   hocoiirt-  lninrt Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  GOOD   flvo room  house; two   blocks   from  po.-t olfieu.   Apply this oHino.  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a hicyclesstore next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle  Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  ". R. Mooyboer M^  Butter" Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  We SUN PRINT SHOP  .���������i


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