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Bella Coola Courier 1916-01-08

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 H%t  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR NOVEMBER,  Compiled by Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 39.   Minimum, 26.  Highest Max. (3rd) 48.   Lowest Min. (12th) 17  Rainfall, 3.44 inches.     Snow, 4 inches.  VOL. 4���������NO. 12  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 8,  1916.'  $1.00 a Year  V  w  Czernowitz Reported  to Have Fallen  London, Jan. 4.���������A Reuters despatch from Petrograd says that  the Teuton forces are reported  to have evacuated Czernowitz in  Bukowina. It adds that a large  number of prisoners have been  taken, including many Germans.  General Von Mackensen has  been withdrawn -from Serbia to  take command of the Bessarabi-  an front.  The Petrograd correspondent  of the Havas Agency also announces that the .Austrian's, have  evacuated Czernowitz, the'���������: Russians having seized all the heights  dominating the town.  London, Jan. 5.���������Russian of-  ficial communication does not confirm the evacuation of Czernowitz, but says northwest of  Czernowitz we have occupied a  line of trenches and repulsed  strong enemy counter attacks,   r  Germans Attempt to  Cross the Dvina  Petrograd, Jan. 4. ��������� Official.  The Germans tried to cross the  Dvina in the region of Elisen-  hoie, but were thrown back by  our fire. We put to flight Germans wearing White coats who  attempted to approach our trenches in the region of the Tsar-  grad station.  Kaiser Seriously 111  Paris, January 4.��������� The Matin  affirms'notwithstanding denials  that the German Emperor is suffering from cancer of the throat  and is no longer able to speak.  Conscription Not for Ireland  .'.' London, Jan. 5.���������At an Ulster  Unionist meeting presided over  by Sir Edward Carson; he declared that the fact of Ireland  being excluded from the provisions of the bill enacting compulsory service, was an insult*  arid 'a source of humiliation to  the loyal patriotic population of  Ireland.  The bill providing for compulsory service was introduced in  parliament by Mr. Asquith today.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  The truth of the adage that  new brooms sweep best was illustrated in the arrival of the  S. S. Venture with mail and passengers at this port on her north-  Oden Peterson and C. Mellor  went away to join the colors. C.  Lord and G. Gibson after spending their furlough here left to  rejoin their places in the Ambu-  bound trip on December 23 two j lance Corps.  hours ahead of schedule time.  As this was the Christmas trip  she carried a small amount of  freight.  The passengers who had decided that Bella Coola was the  best place to spend Christmas  were: Dr. W. J. Quinlan, F. M.  Brewster, Iver Fougner, George  Gentner, J. Brynildsen, Charles  Lord and Garnett Gibson.  fei  Canada to Raise  21 New Divisions  Toronto, Jan. 4.���������General Sir  Sam Hughes announced at a  banquet, that 21 new divisions  will be raised, to be drawn from  the provinces as follows:  British Columbia, two; Alberta, two; Manitoba and Saskatchewan, three; Toronto, five; Eastern Ontario, two; Western Ontario, two; Quebec, three; Eastern  Provinces, two. Each division  to contain 18,000 men.  At present Canada has two  divisions at the front, four in  Great Britain awaiting the call,  and two in Canada completely  trained and ready to sail. By  the end of the month, Canada  will have 250,000 soldiers in uniform, and in addition 100,000  men engaged in the manufacture  of munitions.  Railway Smash on C. P. R.  Moose Jaw, Jan. 4���������A head-on  collision occurred on the C. P. R.  last night between the Regina-  Moose Jaw local and the tri-city  express, in a blinding blizzard.  The fireman of the tri-city express is missing and several passengers were injured.  Prisoners TtijthedOver  Rome, Jan. 4, via London,  Jan. 5.��������� Ten thousand Bulgarian  prisoners which were turned  over by Serbia to Italy have been  concentrated in the Avezzanno  zone to rebuild the region devastated by earthquake.  Greek Liner Sinking  New York, Jan. 4.���������A wireless  message which came in fragments at 8:35 o'clock tonight  from the Greek liner Thessaloni-  ki said that the crew had taken  to the life boats.  NOTICE.  The Annual Meeting of the  Bella Coola Conservative Association will be held in the Mackenzie schoolhouse on Saturday,  January 8th, at 11 a. m.  Election of officers and general  business conducted.  T. P. Saugstad, secretary.  After having had more than  the usual amount of rain throughout the autumn and early winter  the end of. the year saw a radical  change as comparatively very  cold weather set in and a sufficient amount of snow fell to make  good sleighing. Every one having hauling to be done is consequently busy.  The Bella Coola Indians are a  progressive people. They are  always at work planning to improve their conditions. J ust now,  after completing an extensive  and creditable work of repairing  the road to the village, they are  discussing and arranging for the  building of a gymnasium of a  size 40 x 80 feet and 16 foot  walls. It will be used for all  sorts of gatherings, except dan- j  ces.  On our rounds through the Indian village we note that two  neat residences are being erected. The great majority of the  Indians are as busy as bees these  cold days, cutting and hauling  wood for themselves and their  white brethren.  C. Lord and G. Gibson, who  have enlisted with the Ambulance Corps and are now in training at Victoria, came in to spend  the Christmas holidays here with  family and friends, and bid the  last good-bye before leaving for  the war.       ���������   ������������������,   .   ��������� ;  There   is   no   one   better acquainted on the coast of British  Columbia than Dr. Quinlan and  therefore it was to be expected  that if he was within one hundred miles of the place he would  come to Bella Coola to celebrate.  But unfortunately on comingup  from the wharf in getting out of  the buggy he fell and received  an internal injury, which made  it necessary for him to reside at  the hospital during the days of  entertainments between Christmas and New  Year.     We are  happy to state that Dr. Quinlan  has   left   the   hospital   and  is,  therefore, out of danger and can  be seen on the streets almost any  day    e-xchanging     pleasantries  with his friends.  Iver Fougner, Indian agent,  came back from a visit to the  celebrated Indian Commission.  He no doubt had things to tell  them which they had not found  out before, and he is now busy  getting out his report of how he  found the members of the Indian  Commission^   G. Gentner when he left us  was fully determined never to  return, but his hopes were not  realized, he found the world cold  and decided that Bella Coola was  the best place after all and therefore returned. He will never  leave again.    The many friends of these  young men departing for the  front had assembled at the wharf  to.see them off. While the steamer remained at the dock the time  was spent on board in singing of  popular songs, making short  speeches, etc., and thus made of  it an occasion long to be remembered.  Christmas Trees and Entertainments.  F. M. Brewster found it possible to cut his business trip to  Vancouver short and come back  to his home and family.  NOTICE  Annual Meeting of the Bella  Coola Live Stock Association will  be held at Colony Hall, Hagensborg, on Thursday, the 20th clay  of January, at 2 o'clock in the  afternoon.  All are cordially invited to attend this meeting.  A. Hammer, secretary.  J. P. Brynildsen of Edwell,  Alberta, is at present visiting  with his brother, B. Brynildsen.  Settling in Alberta nearly  twenty-five years ago he has passed through all the experiences  of the early pioneers in that  province.  Mr. Brynildsen is not in the  best of health and came to the  coast to avoid the severe winter  climate of the prairie province.  For years Bella Coola has been  famous on the coast foritsXmas  entertainments. As the valley  is quite extensive in length the  arrangements are generally made  such, that it is .possible for one  to attend nearly all'the different  entertainments as they occur.  Christmas festivities of some  kind continue nearly every day  from Christmas Eve until New  Year's Day, and in some instances even longer.  This Christmas, although different from others in several important respects, did not prove  an exception as regards the numbers and success of the entertainments given.  The festivities opened at the  Mission   Church   on   Christmas  Eve.    The Indians and quite a  number of whites gathered at  7:30 o'clock.    Rev. W. H. Gibson  had seen to it that all arrangements were well  made beforehand, and then at the meeting  that the program went through  without a hitch. Too much credit  cannot, be given to the Indians  for   the   excellent   manner   in  which they carried out their part  of the program.    Special mention must be made of the fine  singing by the Indian choir.  The  part of the program which caused  the most merriment was the introduction of an animal of the  bovine type, but of such an appearance that one of the speakers in alluding to it said, "there  ain't no such animal."  Chas.   Lord,   Garnett   Gibsonj  and others addressed the meeting.  We have received from the'! His Royal Highness the Duke of  Government House at Ottawa, Connaught, for contributions to  the following appeal  issued by I the Patriotic Fund:  (Eanaitan IJairioiir 3nni  SECOND APPEAL  Somewhat over a year ago, as President of the Canadian  Patriotic Fund, I made an appeal to the people of the Dominion  for funds to assist the families of the gallant men who were going  to the front. Though anticipating a generous response, L was  hardly prepared for the magnificent manner in which the calllwas  met. Monies have poured into the treasury of the Fur.d until the  total coniributions have reached and exceeded six million dollars.  Large, however, as this sum appears, it has not greatly exceeded current demands and, if peace were declared in the immediate future, the entire surplus on hand would be required before,  all/the men of the Expeditionary Force could again return heme.'  To-day there are 25,000 families, comprising, it is estimated,  80,000 individuals dependent upon the Patriotic Fund.  With further recruiting the demands upon the Fund will, with  each succeeding month, continue to grow, so that it is estimated  that, should the War continue during 1916, a sum amounting to  some $8,000,000 and probably more will be required. This would,  however, only mean $1 per head of the population for the people  of Canada, and it is little indeed to ask of those who remain at  home in comparison with the,sacrifice in life and limb of those who  are fighting in defence of the Nation.  In spite of all the various calls that have been made for funds  to aid our soldiers and sailors and the magnificent response that  has been made in each avid every case, I still feel assured that the  warm hearts of all Canadians will respond to this further appeal  toenable the Patriotic Fund to continue its splendid work during.  1916 and take care of the families of those who are fighting for  their Sovereign, the Empire, and the Dominion, on the battle-fields  of Europe and on the High Seas.  (Signed)  ARTHUR,  President, Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Government House,  Ottawa, 1st January, 1916.  were crowded.    Rev. H. Sageng; formed their part creditably and  presided. ; to the delight of the audience.  It is impossible to give a sy nop- Short speeches were made by C.  sis of the program because of its Lancaster, C. Lord and Garneitt  The most pretentious and  best attended of all the entertainments, as it according to  precedent was expected to be,  was the one held at the Hagensborg Church on Monday evening,  December 27.  At 5:30 the people began to  gather, very many carrying presents, which were deposited beneath the branches of the resplendent Christmas tree. At  six o'clock when the entertainment opened every seat was occupied, and before long the aisles  Bella Coola General Hospital.  The Annual General Meeting  S. S."Venture   coming   smith'of the above   Hospital will  be  was half a clay late.    She arrived  held at the Colony Hall, Hagens-  here  on  the   morning  of   New  Year's day at nine o'clock.  Garnett Gibson, Chas. Lord,  Oden Peterson, C. Mellor and  Harry Burt were the outgoing  passengers.  borg, on Tuesday, January 11th,  at 1:30 p. m., for the election of  officers and other business.  H. G. Anderson, Hon.-secretary  !      Bella Coola Hospital Board.  length and variety. Suffice to  say it contained nearly thirty  items, which, with very few exceptions, were all rendered by  the children of the Sunday  school. It was the unanimous  verdict of all present that the  children performed their part in  a style which left very little to  desire and that the program was  the best ever given at a Christmas entertainment by children  in Bella Coola.  After the program was over  the distribution of the gifts began and they were so many that  it required the efforts of six of  the most active of the young  people an hour to deal them out.  The rendering of the program  and the distribution of the gifts  required fully three hours, and  shortly after nine o'clock the  audience dispersed.  Gibson. At the close of the program, nuts and candy were given  in quantities to everybody and  gifts distributed to a great many.  Announcement was made that  after all expenses were paid there  was a surplus of cash in the  treasury of about seven dollars.  It was unanimously agreed that  this sum be given to the Red  Cross Fund. The audience dispersed after singing "Joy to the  world, the Lord is come."  The children of the Sunday  school at the town of Bella Coola  had their entertainment at the  Mackenzie schoolhouse the following evening, it was on the  same plan although on not as  large a scale as the one described  above. It took its beginning at  7:30 o'clock and was presided  over by C. Carlson, the superintendent of the Sunday school.  Here the larger part of the program was also given by the  children; and right here let it be  said that everyone of them per-  The Sunday school of the lower part of the settlement had  its Christmas tree and entertainment at the Lower Bella Coola  schoolhouse the evening of December 29. Here the building  was taxed to its capacity by the  people who never tire of these  entertainments where the little  ones take such a large part. It  was conducted in the same manner as those described above and  was carried through without a  hitch and to the great satisfaction of every one present.  Qltutrrfi Nnttrr  A     Sunday School    -    10:45  A      Church Service     -   7:30  a. m  p. m.  7                        Preacher:  L         Rev. Hans Sageng, A.  B.  a                 AH Are Welcome.  JO ''WW  0 70  efibc,'  <\  '2>  BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, January 8,  /g^  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year     $1.00  6 Months       0.75  3 Months    0.S0  <                  United States  1 Year..'..'. $1.50  f United Kingdom  1 Year.. J.' ;'. $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  . Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. - Changes in address should be'  Bent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,,  Office.  Apply at  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be {riven to the editor.  The Editor "reserves the rijrht to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk. 'r  Vancouver Office - - 317-323 Cambie St,  "&aht0 jiopitli suprruta i?3f l?x/'  SATURDAY, JAN. 8, 1916.  Clearing the Decks for ;  '  <���������"   Action.   .  Hon. W. J. Bowser in a speech  recently made to the faithful in  ��������� *" Vancouver, said that the coming  campaign, would be the most hard  -fought in- the history of the present Conservative administration.  And" certainly the indications  are that his opinion in this re-  spect is correct.  After the election which placed  this- government   in   power its  majority in the legislature was  so small that if the Socialists had  not supported the government it  would have" been- unworkable.  If tfie coming election is to be  any. closer than that '-first one.,:  -it will mean defeat for the -old  regime.  It is .safe to say that an old  .  campaigner like Mr. Bowser is  .well aware of  the seriousness  and uncertainty of the result of  the next election and for that  reason he takes every precaution  to avoid defeat.     He  believes  that SiriRichard, himself, is an  obstacle to success and, therefore, he.eompelled him to leave  active politics while still in the  prime ofr life.-   Dr. Young was  also- found to be a load, "which  the best interest of the Conservatives demanded must be dropped and consequently he went.  While engaged in clearing the  decks-' for action,   Mr.  Bowser  ought also  to   have   dismissed  Hon. T. Taylor, whose administration of   the   department  of  public works has been a great  source -of   weakness  to  the  governrrieht.    Mr. Bowser naturally recognized this fact; but he  very' likely argued it would not  look .weJL. to   "fire   the   whole  bunch,-'- and so he transferred  Taylor to the provincial  secretary's   department,   where   his  powers for mischief will be considerably less.  ..'Mr. .Bowser after throwing  overboard; the impedimenta,  then to-strengthen the government introduced new forces by  appointing A. C. Flumerfelt,  minister of finance and agriculture; C. E. Tisdall, minister of  public works and railways; Lome  Campbell, minister of mines; and  Wm. Manson, president of the  council.  In our opinion Mr. Bowser has  shown good judgment in these  selections, they are, with the exception of the last named, able  men and will add strength to his  forces in the coming conflict."  As regards the appointment of  Mr. Manson to the position of  president of the council, Mr.  Bowser was well aware of his  uselessness to the government  in almost any capacity; but the  north had to be represented and  so the mantle fell upon the representative from the young and  rising city of Prince Rupert.  We are not personally acquainted with the new ministers, but  believe they are ^capable and as  well qualified for their respective  positions as any other men that  could be found in either party.  But even though we hold that  opinion, it does ,not follow that  we will support them in the next  election or that under the pres-  ent.conditions -they will be ablc  to administer the government in  a way to bring about more prosperous conditions in the province,  ,It is a fact conceded by nearly  every   impartial   observer   that  the government has been inordinately reckless in its administra  ^ion'an'dso  much  so that our  province has suffered;and is suffering more from the widespread  financial   depression   than   any  other province in Canada.  Three of   the new ministers  have been members of the legislature for many years, they are  men of good, common sense, and  know-very well how to manage  their, own affairs and yet -they  have supported and defended the  government in its many unwjse  measures.    It must" be borne in  mind that no man can rise above  his party-,and the Conservative  party of' British Columbia "has,,  by a long enjoyment of power,  reached a, condition which cannot be improved by entrusting it  with   further   confidence,   and  these good men will be enmeshed  by the spirit of the party as completely in their new positions as  they have been in-the past as  members and, therefore, will be  unable to reform the party.  There is. nothing that will'  strengthen- and reform the Conservative party more than to  allow it a few years in the opposition and, therefore, the Conservatives should join with the  Liberals-in defeating it in the  coming elections.  DECLINE SUBSTITUTES  Sir Richard Retires.  .   Theannouncementof Sir Richard   McBride's   resignation   as  premier of the province was not  wholly unexpected.     There are  numerous   indications   that  for  many months relations with his  colleague,  Hon.  W. J. Bowser,  have been strained.    The Conservative   press   in   compliance  with its policy of concealing and  denying anything which might  be construed as a weakness- in  the party, maintains his resignation due to. "a desire to withdraw  from the strain and struggle of  political   and   administrative  leadership."-   To   any one   acquainted-with ,Sir Richard such  reasons seem not to be warranted   by the   circumstances and  qualities of the retiring minister.  He is in the prime of life,.only  forty-five years of age, in good  health .'and strong physique, energetic, combative and courageous, one to whom the storm'and  stress of conflct is as exhilarating  as new-wine.  For sucft a man to be retired  to the office of agent-general  may hold."some attraction, but if  we judge Sir Richard's character  aright, he would ten times rather  be the leader of his party in  British Columbia, with its lesser  income, than to be agent-general  in London.  perity enjoyed by all parts of the  I Dominion in the more than first  half of his administration, he received a greater credit than his  due, with the result that.at the  last election he was returned  nearly unopposed in to1 power.  The great prosperity and his  own popularity were his undoing,;  they either turned his head or  he lacked the wisdom to discern  the true foundations of.prosperi-  ty, with. the result that- he in-  volved the province in extravagant administrative expenses and  reckless expenditures in all departments."  He turned over the greater  part of the natural resources of  the province such as land -and  timber into the hands of the  speculators.  He created offices by the score  to carry put his ideas of developing the province, but lacked the  ability to  regulate their activities, so that instead of having a  corps of trustworthy servants he  found himself encumbered with  a horde of officials whose chief  aim seemed to be to draw their  salaries,   run up maximum  expenses with a minimum amount  of labor.  His much lauded railway policy  became another source of weakness. . At its inauguration it  split his cabinet by the resignation of Tatlow and Fulton, and  it is rumored that the railway  policy caused-more dissension in  the cabinet last spring and resulted in his overthrow at this  time.  c  It is our belief it will be a long  time before our provirice will  bring forth another public man  who will rival Sir Richard McBride's popularity with his party.  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE   IW    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Orde  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE 'DRY GOODS  361 WaterStreet        Vancouver, B.C.  ^   Cjault Brothers for over 60 years have successfully)  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  <J   The Vancouver stock-.is the largest and best assorted  stock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  show over 40 cents value on  every dollar spent. He also advises that Mr. Tisdall take stock  of all the men in the employ of  his department, find out their  efficiency, dismiss the drones and  when that has beenr thoroughly  accomplished he may be in a  position to get full value for the  money expended. The task before Mr. Tisdall in this respect  is one which may baffle the most  energetic, of men; but he may  rest assured that his honest" efforts in this direction will be  seconded by the taxpayers of the  province.  to do what is right - by the taxpayers and see that their money  is properly expended.  Sir Richard has many charm  ing characteristics, which made is easier said than done.'  him the popular and successful  leader, and it was hoped he also  possessed the qualities needed in  conceiving and executing the  policies requisite for a successful  administration of the affairs of  the province.  During the unprecedentedpros-  100 Cents on the Dollar.  Hon. C. E. Tisdall, minister of  public works, starts out on his  new career saying that he shall  get full return for every- dollar  spent.    He will no doubt find this  The  men whom his predecessor in  office has elevated to the pay roll  have got into the habit of spending the tax-payers money in a  manner that the province gets  very little value in return. One  of our friends here suggests that  Bella Coola will not be able to  A Business Government.  Premier Bowser says now that  having Messrs. Tisdall and Flumerfelt in the cabinet with him  British Columbia is to have a  business government.  Mr. Bowser has been, telling  the people of British Columbia  for the past thirteen years they  have had a business government.  What British Columbia wants  is a government composed of  honest men, who are prepared  The War and Christianity.  Of. all.the forms of irrational  pacifism there is none more difficult to "suffer gladly "than that  which  goes about,  nose in air,  protesting that it has a conscien-  tous objection to military service.  "A failure of Christianity"���������so  this struggle is called, as if the  marvellous spirit, the fortitude,  the heroism, and the self-sacrifice of our soldiers and  sailors  counted for nothing:  as if the  sublime   resistance  of Belgium  and Serbia were not a rebuke to  those who regard the shedding  of blood as the unpardonable sin.  Whatever truth there may be in  the criticism that war should be  impossible   among   Christian  peoples, the  world has learned  through bitter experience of the  aims and methods of Germany  that if the Allies had been animated by a conscientious objection  to  military   service   there  would have been precious little  ac^^*8g*>^-<"S<r>-<'8flr>-<'Sy>^'������g*>v><,������ oo <  The  Best Known and Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its uso assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  HVSPERSAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  ' <* JL>-<J> i>"^������  - <*o-<*������>-<* ���������  lOZ  0������B  HOE  &  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  S. S.  ' CAMOSUN"  Leaves Bella Coola for Prince Rupert at G p. m. Thurs-  January 6, 20.  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver,at 10 p. m. Friday*.  January 14, 28." .  S. S. "Coquitlam" or S. S. "Capilano" sailing  from Vancouver every week, carrying Gasoline and  Explosives, will call at Bella Coola by arrangement.  I-or rates of Freights, Fares and other information, apply  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouver; or Geo; McGrech  agent,  1003 Government St., Victoria.  to  REG.OR,  HOE  0*(c  Hon  m  7������;  'wff*  V  >   ^  ft  ;-<'-v������i-  1 f  ���������4.  ;-*  ���������s/'Tyw'ftf-y-' i <. I9i6  ' Saturday, January 8,  1916  BELLA COOLA COURIER  1-  Christianity to illumine the earth  when Germanism had swept victoriously over Europe and riveted  the   chains   of   -militarism   and  materialism  on  abject nations.  '**, .���������������' ���������   " ���������  ,Tne .pacifists may believe them-  selves to be the salt of the earth.  ���������i h  ������r  For" our part we think that the  nuTrnblest "Tommy" who offers  his life to his country practices  more of the virtues of citizenship  and even of Christianity than the  whole crowd of conscientious  objectors.���������Glasgow Herald.  s Let us begin the new year with  the firm resolve that in it we  shall progress.  'JiM  ���������so  ?  Q  o  0  in  u  o  n  A feu) lines We specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griff en '.& Skelleys  famous gold and  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  z  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  (Wholesale Grocers  Vancouver, B. C.  j  "������ &  'i  r-  .'*-V.  -fvi  '   P'  . 'i  ���������X"  ,'.M  J. W. Peck & Co. Ltd.  ^Manutacturers^of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS ana OVERALLS  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best English  and American  Hats  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL        WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  rJ.  Wrongdoing That Is Plain.  There still are apologists for  the Kaiser on this continent, and  the gropers in the dark are riot  German-Americans at that, but  persons  whose positions  would  indicate that they have opportunities of learning the truth about  the war, if peradventure their  prejudices do not blind the eyes  of their understanding.    Hence  the Boston Transcript is moved  to state a few obvious faetsjfor  the enlightenment of the darkness of an American prelate to  the following effect:  "Cardinal O'Connell finds.it  hard to place the blame for,the  war.    The great majority of. !the  people of Boston and New England will be glad that they are  under no such' difficulty; for when  a great wrong is abroad in the  world it is a satisfaction to at  least know who is responsible for  it.    Cardinal O'Connell says itis  difficult   even   to   'unravel   the  truth of the story of the case of  Belgium.'     But there is this  about Belgium that is certainly  true, and already unravelled to  the satisfaction of history forever���������that Belgium is under the  heel of a foreign enemy, though  the country never did. the slightest thing to provoke that army  or its master; that Belgian cities  have   been   laid   waste,   their  churches and libraries and halls  and houses destroyed, and many  thousands of their people, innr.-  cent   fellow-churchmen   of  bur  cardinal's, wickedly brought to  their death.    There is no chance  for a doubt of this; the ruins and  the corpses are there to prove it.  "There are a few other things  that are as well known now, iii  all probability, as they will bt  known   a  hundred   years   from  now.    One of them  is that one  nation of Europe was fully prepared for war in 1914, and others  were not, and that the prepared  nation took the first occasion to  precipitate a war.      It is also  known  that the war vhas been  destructive  and   direful  in  the  last degree. Horrors unutterable  have   been   let   loose upon  the  world by those who thus brought  on the greatest war of all time.  Most people think the makers of  the war ought to beheld morally  responsible, whether they can be  held bodily responsible or not,  for this act of infamous and infinite malice against  the peace  and happiness of the world.   We  repeat that it is of some negative satisfaction, at least, to have  this conviction.      We must  be  sorry   for   Cardinal   O'Connell  that he does not possess it, es-  specially  in  view of   the  fact,  which seems to  be  revealed in  his address in Somerville to the  Fedaration of Catholic Societies,  that he is able to take no other  than a very clouded and pessimistic view of the state of the  world.    The world is in the midst  of false   conclusions,   says   the  cardinal, but 'that is the way of  the world.'   Now, in the midst  of it all, the cardinal is unable to  reach any definite judgment with  regard to the war, any opinion  which can be stated in positive  and concrete terms, except that  'the Kaiser' has been maligned,  and  maligned  purposely  to inflame    the    popular    sentiment  against   that side! "-���������Victoria  Times.  Some men are thoughtful, but  only of their own interests.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  /"���������OAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  *" Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon TERKiToitv, the North-west Territories and in a portion of tlie Province of  British Columbia, muy be leastd for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease rnu3t be made by the  applicant in person to the AgemurSub Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed ��������� territory the land rnuat be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tritet applied for thall be staked out by the applicant  himself.'  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rifchta  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available Burfcoe rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. U.��������� Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid lor.��������� 30690.  :?!N57s  TheMason & Risch Piano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE I"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  lis  ^T Let us attend your Victor Record  3J   mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  I 1  ^  i 1  i  i mi   mm i   i~^-'"'jfT'"j---^���������������-  BUSINESS CARDS  Geoffrey K. Burnett   D. J.McGucan  C.E.. B.C.L.S., B.A.S.C., B.C.L.3..  ASS. M.CAN. SOC.C.E.   |  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND  SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O.Box 836. Telephone 232.  30E  Fur Sales Agency  KHMUMM ��������� II11TB MMTOHM fitl I" 111 If IB Mil     m       II  600 dealers and trappers of E. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our' sealed hid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 8 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE EROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, E. C  Hon  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alia.  157 McDougall Ave.  \AY HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \)L/HAT person so independent?  \^uTHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  T^HE REASONS  for this  enviable  condi-  ���������*���������   tion of affairs   are   obvious  to   anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops. '  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  \m  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  *"* country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no ether point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  Get"More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves.  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in yoir section  SIIH* YOUR FURS OIHECT <o "SIIURKUT" the larqcst  bouse In the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  n reliable���������responsible���������sate Fur House with an unblemished reputation existing tor "more than a third of a century," a Ions successful record of sending; Fur Shippers prompt.SATISFACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for"Cbc j&fjubcrt &btpprr,"  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write for it-NOW���������It's FREE  AH   CHTTRCRT   ?������/-   23-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  . rS. brlUtStK i, inc. D<SPt.c67 Chicago, u.s.a.  ..-^s-,-....--^-... 1T ,  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA  COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  wwwwmtirr immmmmamm mw������ if mwi i ���������mm^iiii iwiiw^n��������� iimjmu���������������������������������h���������  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0.....   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  "wir   ~ "i iiMimr ��������������������������� ���������ririimmiMi rriiriiiMiMir-���������-i         '        '"���������**������������������*""*���������*MM* '*  BELLA COOLA COURIER'  i-i  t    l:  \     '  v r  v f  S   I.  F  fc I;'  j i.  1 !  !f ������,  !  t  .' n  ������. :i  1  i  - i  .-' \  \  -��������� I  30E  m m  ss:  v4 Glimpse of the Army  and TVavp.  -.'&.  ONE DOLLAR  FOK ONE YEAR  r  The Courier is the only  newspaper published oh  the mainland coaft be-  tween ^Vancouver and  Prince jRupert.  A distance of six hundred miles.  '/ It Will be to your interest to h^eep well-informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern Section Oflnel, and the scene is transferred  By IVER FOLCNER.  On a summer d?y in 18S7 a  small sailing- ship, a barque,  found herself in .the English  Channel lumber laden from the  Baltic, bound for Cape Town.  The early morning of Saturday,  July 30th of the year, was foggy  in the Channel. Through the  hazy atmosphere from the bar-  .que, onboard of which I was,  could be seen the outline of some  f immense steamers sailing slowly,  single file, in an easterly direction. ' It proved to be the squadron stationed to guard these  waters. ,As the first one passed  close to our starboard the flag of  Norway was hoisted and lowered  three times from the sailing ship,  and the man of war responded in  the same manner with the British emblem. ���������' This ceremony was  repeated as each of the seven  war - vessels glided slowly and  majestically by.  The whole thing'was simple  enough; "but it  made a lasting  impression on my mind; the more  [so as 1 was young and this was  my first introduction to the Anglo-Saxon   world,   which   Walter  Scott has shown the youths of  Scandinavian lands' as the home  of romance,   the  birth place oi  fair women and chivalrous men.  Many, many years have gone  by "since that': day in the Chan  best is the world's best.  On December 17th a Naval and  Military- Tournament was held  in the Horse Show Building at  the Willows, in aid of the Military Convalescent" Hospital at  Esquimalt.  The benches were crowded with  spectators, a large portion of  whom were ladies and soldiers.  Near me sat one of the latter,  his foot in bandages, most likely  a painful memento from some  field in Flanders. This he rested in the lap of a comrade, who  held it tenderly and playfully  spoke of it as his baby.  The martial music, the arena,  and the mixed crowd of onlookers .presented a scene such as  fancy creates  when   a man  is  young, and his blood is red. 1  shall not attempt to give a de  scription of the various events;  ludicrous and the sublime came  in close contact. The perform  ance commenced with a grand  march of the contestants, then  followed the centipede race, tug  of war, escalading, wrestling* on  horseback, naval field- gun dis  play, etc.  The last on the program was a  musical ride by 11th Regiment,  Canadian Mounted Rifles, C. E  F., under Captain V. D. Bruce,  terminating in a cavalry charge.  This was the climax of the eve-  ning.     I-thought then I had a  glimpse of the,spirit of the British army :   It. was clean, proud  and brave.  A WAR ALPHABET.  A  B  C  D  E  this Province  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  I  J Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public- No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  . afford *to let. slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.   ..  "  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone:  People-are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier.  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.  We will do it right.   I  to the southernmost portion of  Vancouver Island, to the smiling  ^capital of British Columbia. Not  long ago this fair city, together  with the rest of western Canada,  was in the hands, of the real estate speculator.    His sign" was  -above every other door, in the  business part of town, his hands  were outstretched to the stranger  with-the> invitation for a small  risk, to share with him the wealth  that "was, to come."  ���������~ Now this is~changed:-the voice  of,the]dealer in earth and stone  is hushed; and instead you hear  the  steady   tramp   of  soldiers;  you see the clear eyes and the  straight-' backs   of   khaki-clad  men..- -Their   number" in   the  southern portion of the province  amount to several thousands; and  well may you wonder where they  all came from.    Who could have  thought that there was so much  soldier material in the province,  British  Columbia has given of  her  best   for   Europe's   bloody  bath,   and   British   Columbia's  is for Albert the good and the brave,  is for Belgium the land he will save,  ���������is for Con.'itantine whose treaty he shirks,  is for Dardanelles so dear to the Turks,  is for" England who rules every-sea.  F   is for "France .whose ally are we.  G   is for Germans���������unscrupulous foes,  is for Hades where they ought to go.  ' is for Italy\whb fights on the square',  is for Joffre ready to do and to dare. '  < is for Kitchener the man of the hour. '  is for London where Zeppelins lower. ' *   '  is the Merchantmen- plying our trade.  is the Navy which stops- every raid,  is the Optimist cheery with song.  ' P< is-the-Pessimist groping along.  Q- is for Questions which are sure to come~up.  R   is for Russia now roaring at Krupp.  --S   is for Serbia destroyed and.o'er-run:  T   is for Turkey who fights with the Hun;  " U   is for Union���������undaunted we stand.  V ;is for :Victory which is- surely at hand. ���������  ' Wis for Wisdom when our statesmen make peace..  .   X   is for Xerxes an..example to Greece.'  :Y   is for Youth the free sons of renown.  Z   is the Zeppelin -which-must be brought down.  And now-with the.-Alphabet, my-anecdote ends.  Good-bye for-the present, my long-suffering friends.  ���������      ;:- . ���������E. A. 'G.  H  I  J  K  L  M  ,N  0  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  ��������� TOWN; Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show J  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the ' 'Courier" and you j  are doing something for yourself  and-your community.  The Courier  $1 a Year  ���������  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Plumbing  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of,  Toronto. Let us quote )>ou.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED-  Vancouver, B. C.  :7:B:E:S.T.[::.  k   ��������� . ��������� ��������� '    .  1-J'rtARK  Jf. -  Geylon  PACKED       BY ;  WM. BRAIQ   ft CO.  "TEA     IMPORTERS  ������������������;.;��������� VANCOUVER;     B. t.  Order that pound  of BRAID'S BEST  Tea now. Packed  in handsome 1, 3,  and 5 lb. tins.  T1^  IE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B.C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioned  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  Saturday. January 8, 1^/  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895  iSdsen&C  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  Tents-Pack aridRiding Saddles  ���������Settlers; Prospedtors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT $ND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.  ���������Mr.:;.  _jr(  11 P} X  Dalim  west;  ..xj  to*  58"  ���������tf ���������  hayel  ''y������&&&���������zltv'���������'


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