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The New Westminster Times and Vancouver Island Guardian Oct 4, 1859

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AND  VANCOUVER ISLAND  GUARDIAN.
No. 3.]
[Ql-AHTEiaY (in advance), 10s.]
VICTORIA, -TUESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1859.
[A'earlv (is aovance), £1 Cs.J
[Price Is.
%\t (tn§lis!j |Jnss.
WHAT IS To BE DONE WITH INDIA?
The great Sepoy Rebellion has been triumphantly
suppressed. All the chief ringleaders, wilh the signal
exctj iion of Nana Sahib, have been brought to submission or to justice.   British supremacy over the length
and breadth of the land has been rc-cstablisbcd ;«*ind
tho nations that looked on with breathless interest-
some with envy of our greatness, some with hatred of
our power, and BOmO wilh  hope of our finul din
earnest attention. And whether an immediate remedy
can or cannot be found for the evils of India, we join
with Air. Bright in the cordial hope that it may never
be said by the future historian that Croat Britain had
the ability to conquer but not to govern India, or ihut
India was avenged for her conquest by the intolerable
evils she imposed upon her conqueror.—Illustrated
London News.
COASTAL DEFENCES OF ENGLAND.
ture—have united their voices in one loud and B] ta-
neous burst of admiration for lhc (hiring valor, indomitable energy, and consummate skill with which, in
lace of mountains of apparently interminable difficulties, the result was attained.
Ilul, lest the nation should grow too confident, lost it
should be too much exalted wilh its successes, there
comes n voice amid the jubilation of millions to tell
pbnaroh   that, great  as  he is, he is only a man, and
An excellent suggestion  has been  thrown out in a
letter to  the "Times," on the subject of our national
defences.    The writer, adverting to tho utter defonoe-
omli- i lessness of London in,case of an invasion, proposes a
circular intrenched, or fortified railway, to surround
the metropolis, lie contends, we think justly, that ibis
would be a paying speculation, even in n commercial
point of view; whilst, for military purposes, the whole
line of field-works might ho prepared to receive cannon, with sidings at intervals to supply the ordnance
and ammunition wherever they may lie required. Ho
proposes a similar arrangement for tho defence of the
coast, and argues conclusively, that in (his way nlono
- ither god or demi-god. We have scarcely conquored j Can iho nntagea which steam power may lend to an
the Hindoos when wc have, lo conquer their conquerors, invader bo-«t«tably nut isj^he-same-pewcr iu dofeaec.
Men of our own blood whom wo sent to India In snatch j It appears that, notwithstanding our fabulous oxpondi-
ii great empire from the yawning jaws of Nana Sahib, \ ture. IVO can never hope lo have an army of sulllcictit
Tiintin Topoe, and tho human tigers of Oiidc, have strength to moot the grout military power of France in
themselves caught the contagion of disaffection, and tbo open Held. Should Kapoloon III. decido upon as-
broken out into mutiny. The worst part of tho busi- sailing us, our only chance of safety, therefore, would |
ness is that they have had reason on  their side, und   bo to make up for tho paucity of our numbrcs by tho
I celerity of our movements, and by being so prepared
I that we may be able to throw our whole force upon
I any threatened point at a moment's notice. Now, since
I we cannot get men to light, we must defend ourselves
j by machinery. Here, at least, wo have immeasurably
the advantage over any foe who may think of invading
ihat tlie Government, in spito of tho humiliation of the
proceeding, must ultimately submit. How to yield tho
claims of justice, and punish mutiny at tho same timo,
is the problem to solve. But this, though n great, is
not tlie greatest British difficulty in India. Moans will
bo found, we cannot doubt, lo bring the European
troops to obedience, however formidable the task may
appear, A few Kind words from Lord Clyde might
prove sufficient for the purpose, if strengthened by a
little prompf severity against sueh loaders of the malcontents as should persist in mutiny after explanations
hud been offered and redress promised.
The real difficulty is, not to conquer India, but to
govern it, The speech of Sir Charles Wood on propo-
llic loan to meet tho Indian deficit revealed but
,1 tho many dark, cheerless and gloomy passages
in our Palace of Empire;—so fair without, so rotten
within. The groat mutiny cost nearly twenty-four
millions to suppress; the expenses of the current year
will exceed the revenue by twelve million nnd a half;
und the Indian debt, which two years ago was about
sixt) millions, will ere another year has passed, exceed
one hundred millions. If there be no improvement ;
if. in short, we do not know how to govern the people
whom   wo  have conquered;   if we  cannot tax  them
batarians do not cite that us a proof that Sunday is the
Sabbath ; though it is perhaps the strongest that they
could possibly adduce.
The other statement exemplifying American freedom
iu general, and American freedom of conscience in
particular, made by tho " Tribune," represents " Air.
Joseph Darker, the well-known infidel orator," as having been sentenced to an imprisonment of " 10 solitary
months" inn "dark dungeon" in Virginia, "for having
some timo back incited the pcoplo to rebel against
chattel-shivery, in his progress through tho United
States, and having spoken in strong terms against
American revivals, and the Christian slaveholder's
churches." So much—that is to say 10 mouths solitary
confinement for Air. Joseph Barker the -; well-known
infidel orator," by way of punishment for what the Vir-
ginian slaveholders calls " infidel oratory I" But what
sort of oratory do those zealous believers denominate
'• infidel." What would they say to an exhortation
bidding them, in unqualified terms, and without exception with respect to color, love their neighbor as
themselves, and to do to others, whether woolly or
straiglit-haired, whatsoever they would that others
should do unto them? "Infidel oratory," no doubt;
blasphemy absurd and ridiculous ; and us to the
proa()u:r,..wnnlil. thcy.not .shout ..'.' Away.with liiir.1.'' ul
least to jail and in months' solitary Imprisonment?
If, moreover, he called the slave-holding revivalists
''hypocrites,'' and their Churches ''generation of vipers," is there any saying how much furlhor they might
not possibly go ? Shiveholding mobs occasionally burn
niggers alive.
Now just ut present the Soo of Koine (Italy) is to
European diplomatists exactly what Ireland was to Sir
Robert Peel. It is the great difficulty of the Croat
Powers, and a groat nuisance to some of the smaller
ones. The chief question on this side of the Atlantic
it this moment is " What to do with the Pope?" Alight
With a coast railway communicating with all the ! il not be satisfactorily answered by the simple expedient
sill
j one
inland lines, and u circular railway round the metropolis,
decussating all the linos that radiate from it, wo should
be able to double and quadruple the effect of our scanty
force by the rapidity with which il could bo moved
from one place to another. Of course this scheme will
bo disgusting to all old tacticians who think that the
glory of generalship consists in the field inuoeuvrcs of
an army, the inarching and countermarching in quick
and slow time, the forming of dressed lines and hollow
squares, and changing to receive cavalry: but it involves that which has been considered the perfection
of strategy from the days of Epamiuondas to Napoleon
I.—the concentration of the largest force on a given
point at a given moment. To something of this kind
wo will assuredly have to coma. (lur constitutional
government is, no doubt, very excellent lor legislation
and the administration of justice; but for anything requiring prompt and energetic execution it is not lo bo
without doing injury to their health, or damage to their I compared with a despotism.     In the despotic goveru-
i inenis of the Continent, the will of one man  animates
I industry : if wo cannot render them prosperous enough
to bear taxation, nnd contented enough with our rule
lo pay il without now mutinies, revolts, und rebellions,
(the ono hundred millions will grow-into two hundred,
und the two hundred  into four.    At lust the interest of
the debt will  bo more than India can  pay.    Then will
Iconic the crash and the collapse ; the revolution and
jibe nnarcliy : and the debt will perhaps ho  wiped out
Ibv our expulsion from the country.
The large majority of the peoplciif the British Isles
[take  so  little  interest in  the affairs of India  that it
I needed the Sepoy Mutiny to stir their sluggish attention
Iand to make them aware of Iho greatness of their cm-
Lire and the vastness of their responsibilities towards it,
I Even now, with the mutiny in all its horrible incidents
still fresh   iu their recollections, they do not take sufficient interest in it to consider it worth paying for,   If
India can meet its own expenses,  they aro content to
Ibciir with the Queen the responsibility of possessing it.
I'i'hoy may growl and grumble, as is their wont, nt the
■pressure of an Income and Property Tax to support the
■large fleets and maintain the national supremacy upon
the  sea; but they  will  growl   and  pay.    They will
L'l'owl more lustily, and will not pay to retain possession of India.    If there he one thing clear in the mind
find temper of the British people it is this—India must
support itself by its own resources or its credit, or the
[British pcoplo  will  endeavor to  rid   themselves of it
siltogethor.   AVith such a soil, such a climate, and such
lm extent, its latent resources must ho. all but illimitable ; but to  bo available for taxation  they must be
llovclopod by the industry of the people.   As regards
credit, India has yet sufficient, wo should imagine, for
Iniiny other loans than the one which Sir Charles Wood
Jh'inunded  on  Monday evening.    But,   however large
[lie credit may  be, there  must be an  end  lo it, if too
frequently drawn upon.    Borrowing is the bad husbandry, that makes  nations bankrupts ns well as private
■arsons,  if it be allowed  to  supersede industry and
Ikill,
To govern India by noii-interferonco with the creeds
lad customs of tho people, and by Hie maintonanco of
large army to prevent the re-establishment of their
Independence by the  native Princes, besides  being an
|xponsivc, is, in other respects, an unsatisfactory pro-
Having conquered the  country, we owe it soine-
jliing more than  indifference on iho one hand and co-
•rcion on  tho other.    But how to govern it, so  as to
liuke the people wiser and happier under our rule than
liulor thai of the Princes whom wo have dethroned,
Ind thus in-tho course of timo to render it possible to
liminish our European forces to  one-third, and the
cpoy army to at least one-half if not to a quarter of
licir present numbers, this is the first task with which
lie Indian  Govornmont  must grapple.    To  niiike the
puntry pay its expenses is the second.    It must bo
bnfessod that both tasks—to be accomplished despoli-
pilly by a free people at Iho distance of half the globe
f'liu the alien race and the strange land Unit halo them
are enough  to try  all the wisdom  und patience  at
tur command, and to render success  n more iniriicu-
pus achievement than nny of the labors of Hercules,
i briber  possible or not, our   existing stiilesniansliip,
Kporienco, und philosophy ure utterly ul fault upon the
Jihject.    To lux u people  who have no luxuries, nnd
Bo- bun- of whom exist, upon pittances so small that
lie full wages of ton or a dozen cultivators of the soil
loiild not maintain an English  pauper in tho work-
, scenis almost ii hopeless matter.    And yet India
lust pay for itself or, sooner or later, wi.' shall be coin-
Tiled lo do with it as tho Romans did with England
iter live hundred years of occupation—to pack up our
pods and  chattels, und leave tho country t< the nn-
'cs,
Il has boon  suggested by some honorable friend of
'• Bright, not named, that it would bo an alleviation
the burden  if tho Government would re-establish
independence of the Punjhub, recall the Ameers of
finite, and restore the Kings'of (Mid-.:; and we nro not
j'-e tlint  this would not  iio a wise and just policy, if
nation would but have the courage to adopt it. Mr.
Igllt himself has suggested—and whenever he sponks
f'U India wc feel that he is on familiar ground, and
H upon this question ns upon that of free trade he is
the mere orator or demagogue, hut the true states-
ii—that tho Government of India should bo decen-
Jhzod and divided Into five, so that each of the live
■Vernon, supremo in his own province, should have
• opportunity lo study its people and its resources,
fettered by distant control, either in Calcutta or in
gland, and so ho enabled ;„ develop its industry and
''culture, nnd create iu due timo a wealth and a enpi-
lliat might lie taxed  to provido for the whole ox-
'scs of their govornmont. Those Suggestions deserve
,nc
and directs the whole military machine, by land mid
sea. In our govornmont, the said ,machine is i.nflu-
I'licod by dozens of minds, all of equal authority, and
all wishing tu direct it in his own way! Tho despot
can lay down his scheme deliberately, and work it out
continuously. In our admiufstration there is no continuity of purpose! one se'' Of political partizans succeeds another in the govornmont, and the grout object of
each party on acceding to power, is immediately to pull
to pieces and condemn nil the acts and plans of their
predecessors. Cur jealousy of power und love of freedom render a permanent military dictatorship impossible ; but may we not at least,have a system of material
defences which would be independent of tlie fluctuations, intrigues, nnd corruption of political partisanship I Tho writer iu the " Times" who signs himself "M.
N." —wo wish we could do honor to his full name—
suggests such a system, nnd shows most clearly that,
whilst it would be of incalculable value in war, it would
not be less efficient in promoting tlie peaceful interests
of commerce.—[Illustrated News of the World.
POPE JONATHAN.
'Weekly Dispatch" of
The following is from the
Aug. 7 th :
There are certain familiar phrases, "Frenchleave,"
for instance, nnd "Irish-wall fruit," which are generally understood by tho rule of contraries. " French
leave" is taken to moan unceremonious departure, and
by "Irish wall-fruit," ure signified potatoes, which
neither are fruit nor grow on walls, but nro entirely
subterraneous. It is not perhaps yet quite true
that American freedom must be regarded as an example
under the nhove rule. But American freedom of opinion, American toleration, American enlightenment are
ill a very fair way to acquire a character like that
which the citizens of Home (not U. S.) ascribed in the
old time to Punic faith. The " New A'ork Semi-weekly
Tribune" tells two very pretty stories which illustrates
this hopeful probability. The first of these is a talc
exhibiting the nature of American Protostanism and
American religious liberty; at least, as understood by
one of tho American protostant churches. " Wo aro
informed," says tho "Tribune," "that the ltcv. J. L.
Hatch, of Brooklyn, was excommunicated from Dr.
Choovor's Church on Tuesday evening for denying that
there is nny divine authority for Sabbatically observing
the first day of tho week. The vote stood 14 for ox-
communication to .'! against it. Air. Hatch, who was
present, desired to lie heard, but this was not allowed."
A correspondent of the " Tribune," a member of Ihe
Church which excommunicated the heretic Hatch,
takes pains to say that even the three whoso voles
went for a sentence a little milder than "Anathema
inarantha," entirely disowned that unhappy misbeliever's heresy.
Now, here wo havo a Church which, since it is an
American one, we may say, so to speak in appropriate
[ihraseology " whips" the Church of Home, in its palmiest days, "ologaiil." The Church of Cheever goes
ahead " right slick" of that which traces ils pontificate
to St. Peters. In fact Choovor's "stumps" llildobrauil,
or if Cheever is dead and canonised, then the successor of Cheover beats Gregory VII, by a "long chalk.1
For the Pope of Rome protends to bo infallible, or tho
head of an infallible Church, nnd is therefore quite
consistent in excommunicating all the world that refuse
lo believe in tho Immaculate Conception or any conception which is inconceivable ; but the Pope of Brooklyn as u Protestant Pope, denies the existence of nn
infallible Church, and yet bus tlie impudence to excommunicato another Protestant for protesting against ono
of his dogmas. In contrariety not only to reason and
common sense, but also to more logic, his Holiness of
Brooklyn distances the oilier Holiness immensely.
Moreover, the original European Pope never, that we
know, went so far as to declare that the Scripture contained a doctrine not to bo found in it. Ho basod tho
authority of the theological "extras" which form the
specialities of Popery, on tradition, But, tho American
Pope, or that one of tlu American Popes whoso Holy
See is located at Brooklyn, IN'. Y., bases all his dogmas
upon Scripturo: and yet, ho and his Cardinals expel a
minister from their communion because ho says Unit
Scripture does not contain that about which not one
word is contained in either the Old or tho Now Testament. Nowhere, in either of those books, is the Kali-
baticul observance of the first day of tho week authorised or even mentioned. There is a text which declares
that the first shall be last, but wo believe Hint the Sub-
of sending him to the other side of the ocean? Do
not the circumstances above-mentioned, of the excommunication of Air. Hatch, and tho persecution of Air.
Barker, indicate the likelihood, or rather the certainty
that if the Holy Father were expatriated to America,
there are places iu the United Slates in which he would
find hini3Plf quito at homo? All the dispositions, at
toast, for submitting to Papal authority, and assenting
to Papal reasoning nnd argument, exist among the
Checverians who excommunicated Hatch for for heresy
and the shiveholding disciples of the Gospel who slopped the burking of " infidel" Baker against their version of it by shutting him up. Hero would be free
scope for the Inquisition—hero would be liberty of development for the Holy Ollice. If the See of Peter was
once transferred from Antidch to Rome, Why can it not
now be transferred from Home to a location in " Ole
Yirginny," or why may not his Holiness set up the chair
of tlie Apostle (With the miraculous Mahometan inscription upon it and all) at Brooklyn, New York, and
there give tho Yankees the regular genuine thing, the
infallible Church clear grit, instead of.the "bogus"
infallible Church of Cheever, nnd, to the confusion of
that ape of St. Peter's heir, hold forth himself the real
representative Simon Pure? In addition to tho ex-
coinniiiuicativo dogmatists at Brooklyn and the upholders of shivery elsewhere, all nnfnruUy prepared, to
acknowledge him us their proper head, he would find a
large population of subjects in the Irish actually existing ready to his foot. A Frencli writer has recently
recommended the transference of the See of Rome to
Jerusalem, how much hotter it would be to shift the
Papacy to Brooklyn, where there is so fine an opening
for it I Tho Pope, too, would bo much more comfortable there than ho could possibly be at Jerusalem,
whilst ho would be ns completely out of the way of
Europe ns if. lie hud been sent to Jericho. Ultimately,
if those principles of intolerant dogmatism, and unreasoning tyranny, which arc now so widely extending
in tho-iiiodel Republic, should come to prevail over free
American institutions, the United States may well become the States of the Church.
: o	
VICTORIA CORRESPONDENCE OF TIIE LONDON
" TIMES."
Our attention has been attracted to a letter from the
" Times Correspondent" on this Island, dated Juno 10th,
1850, and we think that ns many of our subscribers-
may not havo hnd opportunities of seeing it, they
would feel an interest in its perusal, we, therefore,
give them tho most important paragraphs, and at tho
same time, cannot help remarking upon some of the
ridiculously exaggerated statements it contains, which
are calculated to injuro us by inducing poor men to
emigrate, in tho vain hopes of obtaining a rato of
wages which has never existed, or ever can exist hero
so long as Indian labor is to bo had at its present rate.
AVo ourselves are a fraction of the many victims to tho
exaggerated reports sent homo by this snmo correspondent, in the early history of British Columbia—but,
whilst remarking upon tho misrepresentations, wo cannot avoid giving tho writer credit for much that is
calculated to benefit our position, and wo cordially
approve of many of his statements and suggestions,
feeling convinced that, if they could bo curried out,
tho country would rapidly progress :—
(From our own Correspondent,)
VICTORIA, VANCOUVER ISLAND,
June 10th, 1850.
Tho aspect of affairs in British Columbia has not
improved during Iho last few weeks.
Although all the reports of tho richness of tho country and Of the high earnings of the minors which from
lime to timo 1 have communicated have been continued
vol, from tho want of roads, the cost of supplies in tho
interior, at distances varying from 100 to 100 miles
from the eou.-t, whither tho minors hud Incautiously
Hocked in searoli of " richer diggings" than the Lower
Frascr afforded, was so high as to consume the greater
portion of their earnings in these remote und inaccessible regions. The consequences arc that a good many
miners have returned to California.
The exodus during the lust month has not oxcooded
1,000 men; but this number subtracted from so small
an aggregate as (he entire mining population amounts
to, coupled with tho fact that very few persons lmvo
arrived in the sumo period to supply the places of those
departing; ' us hud a very depressing effect upon the
merchants, shopkeepers, and property owners of
Victoria.
Any depression of this sort is tho more keenly felt
from the position of our population.   Tho merchants
und retailers aro chiefly dealers in supplies, who, having but small capital, cannot well afford a reverse in
business, nnd who arc paralyzed by a temporary suspension of trade; while sonic of the property holders
are in the sumo predicament, having bought land "on
speculation'!  to sell  at n profit,  which can only be
realized by an increase of immigration.    Both parlies,    Ibtnkin Thos
like ninny of tho first settlers in all  new countries,    nolbrook II
were in too great a hurry to become rich, nnd cannot    llowdlc   John
afford to await iho advent, of bolter times. Hick, AVillituu
As yet wc have no " meixhnuts" in the proper sense > Hivrlbutfc, C AV
of that comprehensive term. There is neither population yet formed nor an export trade created to justify
the investment of capital on a large scale in a general
purpose of commerce. And I can foresee, with much
sympathy for those who have courageously volunteered
to become the pioneers of commerce and of settlement,
a period of " hard times" in prospect,    <
There is not the slightest cause for despondency,
however. The evidence of the richness of the mines
is unimpenchod. Mineral wealth, besides gold, abounds ;
and, classing the two sister colonics of Vancouver
Island and British Columbia together, tho soil and climate are pood, healthy, and genial; timber, coal, and
lish abound without limit, all which require population
alone to develop. And us the country becomes better
known to the world, there can be no doubt that its
advantages will bo availed of. There need be no fears
of the future of a country which remunerates labor,
requiring the application of neither science nor skill,
at the rate of from $:i to $20 a-dny to the man.
A striking proof of the confidence which the general
public has in the future of the country was afforded by
the result of the siilo of lots in Quoensborough, the
capital of British Columbia. The sale took place by
public auction at Victoria OD the first and second day's
..of Hijs. .month,. The.number, of lots sold was-810,
Which fetched §1)8,270. Some of the lots brought
enormous prices, Si,ton to $1,900 each.
Towards tho end of inst year there was a sale of
Lungley lots, at a point 18 miles higher up than
Queensborough, on the Eraser Itiver, which also
brought very high prices. As Colonel Moody selected
the site of Queensborough as being bettor adapted for
military purposes than that of Lungley, the former has
been made the capital, and such of the Langley purchasers as had paid for their lots, and who elected to
buy in Queensborough, wero credited for their former
payments. To what extent this privilege has been
availed of I do not know, but some persons stick to
Langley and others bought hind in both places. High
as the Langley lots sold, tho Queensborough lots sold
higher,—the average price per lot of the former having boon $4103 00c, while that of the latter is $287 97c.
By a proclamation having the force of law the Governor has altered tho tariff of duties payable on goods
entering British Columbia. The duties now imposed
are,—upon spirits and distilled liquors of all sorts,
Gs. 3d. per imperial gallon; bulls, cows, oxen, lienses,
asses, and mules, 4s. 2d. per head; sheep and goats
per head, 2s. Id.; cigars, 4s. 2d. per 100; Bnuff Ac,
0]d. per lb.; corn, fresh meat, fresh fruit, and fresh
vegetables, poultry alive and dead, machinery for agricultural uses, seeds and bulbs, root of plants to be
used in agriculture, salt, books, and paper, baggage,
apparel, and furniture, and professional apparatus of
passengers are free.
The whole subject of raising a revenue is lit present
surrounded with difficulties. The export gold duty
succeeds in Australia, to be Biire, but Australia and
British Columbia aro not parallel cases; the former is
a yust continent from which there is no escape except
through custom-house portals, while the latter is
Burrounded by a foreign country which interferes with
all the fiscal legislation which can well be devised.
In short, it is no use fretting at it or blinking the
fact that, the Imperial Government must do something
for this young colony to set it up until it gets rich
enough to supprt itself. Without somo help it cannot
go on. Neither the proceeds of the land sales nor of
the Custom's duties, nor of any taxes which can bo
imposed upon so peculiar and erratic a population ns
tho present is, will suffice for the most necessary exigencies of government; so the Home Government may
dismiss the idea of its being " self-supporting" for tho
present from its mind and act accordingly. If the Imperial Government would nssist in sending out
immigrants from England, or from any other part of
Europe, who would become permanent settlers, tho
colony would very soon support itself, for its vast resources require only to be developed to ranko it rival
Australia; but hordos of Cnlifomian minors, who
leave as soon as they line their pockets, nnd who will
not, if they can help it, contribute to the support of
the country or its institutions, arc not tho most likely
to contribute materially to produco this result.
1 landman, AV S
Hill, John
Holm, 0 F
Hedin, N N
Ingall, Chas
Helniore, J C
Hunter, Air
Harriman, AVm
Ilenly, Henry
I
Isaacs, Lewis
Ivans. Joseph
Johns, R II    (2) Jones, II O    (2)
Johnson, WO    (2) Jones, John Q
Judson, Sydney
K
T 1ST OF LETTERS, received nt the Post-office sinco
■*-« the 1st of September, and still uncalled for :—
Allen, Airs Emily
Allison, John F
Agassy, Lewis (2)
Alexander, Chas  (2)
Bay ley, James
Bell, Joseph
Bastidc, Eugenie
Brown, Robert D S
Bonny, E B    (2)
Baugaluppi, G
Brotchie, William
Bush, James
Bryant, Joseph Al
Bel, Isnc D   (2)
Cnrri, & Granoiini
Crawford, James
C.'irvcth, Joseph
Colin, Airs II
Casamayou, Antoinc   (2
Crook, Brutus    (2)
Christie, John
Cameron, Alexander
Crane, A S    •
Charles, Porchcr
Clarke, F AV
0
Arbuckle, J M D
Addison, P J
Archer, George
Adams, William,
Brown, C
Broderick, Airs Rcgina
Brown, A II
Bennetts, Thomas
Blessing, Jacob
llivis, John
Brassy, Ferdinand
Blackmnn, A
Baxter, William
Bailly, Lisa Madame
Knight, Capt
Kinnear, James
L
Laurence, AVilliani
Langley, k Bros    (S)
Lawry, William
Lackey, G H
Law son, .lames S
Lukcniuii, Dr J S
Lander, J Al
Logon, J C
Lester, Peter (2)
Leech, James
Lewis, John
Liimley, Geo
Line
, William
M
Montgomery, Joseph
Alerrininn. Peter
McLaughlin. Donald   (2)    McAllister, J O
Aluuro, Airs
AL >oro, Rev J J
Michael A
Alallandiiie, Mr
Alorris, Airs L A
McKay, Hugh
Aliirwick, David
Mi-Doiignll, John
AtcAIurruv, Wm
Aluliiwiinski, M
Slaxwell, Wyniiin
McGniffc, Thos
McKay, J II
—-JliTystin, T
Myers, II
Moulet, L
McDonald, Archibald
McOrcu, J A
Mnynrnrd, Richard    ('!)      Aloore, Mrs Francis
Manet, P
Afoimt, James
Alunroe, Alexander   (2
McDonald, Airs C
AlcClatchcy, Otis
Martin, Airs
Alartin, Henry
McDonald, J L
McDonald, S A
Nauntow, George
Nnrcn, Samuel
Ntibot, Elisa
0
Osborne, Thos A
Ogilvy, David
O'Brien, John
Ott, Georgo
P
Pctrie, David
Partcr, James    (2)
Patterson, William
Potter, R G
Pause, Magel   (3)
Peterson, H P
Paknlana, AV AV
Purves, James
Pitman, It A    (2)
Pike, Moses If
Parry, ltcv. Chas
Pcnne, E
Potter, Samuel D
Pratt, William
Q
Quain
David
R
Roc, Richard
Riellv, Alorris
Rochon, Octavo
Hue!!', Jules    (2)
Roso, John
Richardson, W It   (
Rowell, James
Sanderson, John
Smith, Robt O
Simpson, John M   (2)
Stephens, John A
Sabnstoii, Peter J
Staples, E II
Stratum, John
Stratford, Richard
Sinton, E AV AV
Simpson, James 0
Stockand, AV II
Stege, dipt J G
Smith, H D   (2)
Simson, A
Stevens, Peter   (2)
Sincker, Thos H
Stuert, Dr J B
Somcrs, Paul
Soulie, Lecncc    (3)
Simpson, Henry
Smith, Robt
Sparrow, I Al
Smnlloy, Isnc
Simons, A
Schlokum, Capt
Sutherland, H M
Stevens, Thomas
Sullivan, John
Schreiber, Wilfrod
Schick,
T
Tays, Georgo
Thnin, James N
Turnbull, Adam
Trutch, Air
Truosdello, O P   (2)
■ Taylor Chas
Tays, G E
Turoette, I B
Thompson, C AV R   (2)
Thompson, Oeorge
Taylor, Alexander H
Tiedeman, II O
Thorndikc, Capt AV 11
Thomas, John
L
m
Cooper, Thomns
Cameron, David
Cassia, Air
Ciisack, W J
Craig, Albert
Craner, J
Cunningham, James
Carter, Pares
Cnulongcr, Bcnoit
Cnrwcth, J L
dishing, Robert
Carney, W T
D
Davis, John
Downie, William
Dagoiiuis, Cyprian
Davidson, Daniel
Daugiin, Robert
Davys, Thos Heed
Deans, James
(2) Deigliton, John
Davis, II L    (2)
Duvies, Thos C
Dollnghiui, Oweu
Dewdney, Edgar
Todd, James
V
Aran Capendiorht, C Vise, M II
Vaitz, Pierro Vaigl, Julius
Vignolo, Guiscppo
W
Wilkinson, Pr   (2)
Walsh, Patrick
Watson, R
AVilllnms, Thomas
AVoller, Joseph
AVilkinson, J B
Williams, Robert
Wnldron, Littleton
Wilson, John
AVcnhnm, Frederick
Wall, Capt
AVood, H A
"White, Alexander
(2)        AValkc
Wright, Copt T
cr, C B
Sept. 29, 1859.
Yeats, G AV
W. DRISCOLL GOSSET,
Acting Post Master General.
Evans, Capt, Edwd
Edgar, D A
Freeman, James E
Fish, James
i'oi'tors, Mons
Funston, Joseph AV
Fairbrain, Joint
Caurdain, Pierro
(limit, Alons
Orinor, Arthur
Gregiaj 1)
Gillette, E C
Grieve, AVilliani
Good, Chas
Emerson, Chas (2)
Elinendorf, "William
French, Chas
Francis, Jacob
Foster, Alajor G
Freeman, John
Fitzpatrick, AVm
Glover, Capt
(rouldcn, Air
Gilliss, Hugh
til'ilillimsiaw, James
Girard, Augustc
Gardner, Francis
Grant, Thos
H
nyde, Georgo
Hanrigan, R
Home, Adam
Hickox, Edwd
Uickin, G
(2)
FOR   SALE.
fTUIfi undersigned offer for sale Afartell's Brandy,
■*■ Dnrk and Pale in half pipes, Booth's genuine Old
Tom in puncheons,
Swaine, Boord, k Co's Old Tom, in puncheons.
AlcKenzio k Co'h do do       do
Slewnrt's Scotch AVhiskcy do       do
Holland Gin, "St. Nicholas brand," in pipes.
Irish Whiskey, in barrels.
Allsop's Burton Ale, also in bulk.
Loudon Alo and Porter, in glass 4 and 7 dozen
packages.
H. Brett k Co's Ginger Brandy, in cases.
Worthington'3 and Swaine, Boord & Co's Old Tom
in cases.
AA'olfc's and Volncr's Schnapps, in cases.
Claret AVino, in cases.
Orange and every description of Bitters.
And daily expected to arrive per ship "Jeannctte,"
now duo.
104 hhds. of the finest Burton nnd Scotch Ales.
Younger & Son's celebrated Jug Ale.
Cider, in bbls, half bbls, cases, £c, kc ,—
And a varietv of vnndn *nitnl>l<> tu thn ti-n.in  '
THOS. PATTRICK k CO., (
Johnson st, near Government,
and at New Westminster, B. C,
AV.   H.   OLIVER,
Importer aud Wholesale Dealer in
TjMNE ENGLISH, French, aud American Liquor*
•*■ Champagnes, Clarets, California AVines. &c, John-
sou srcot, opposite Wharf street, Victoria; V. I,
s;
5
a
■
'■■■ ■
■ IHMJIMIffl
C!
THE  NEW  WESTMINSTER TIMES.
i'.
\
SCALE OF CHAROES FOR ADVERTISING IX THE
NEW WESTJiLVSTER TIMES.
£   s. d.
One Inch, on liKDKii,—due insertion,  0   5 0
"            One month,  o 1G 0
"                "             Throe months,   2    0 0
"              "            Six months,  :i 10 0
Two Inches, on less.—One insertion,  0    8 0
"              "            One month,   1    4 0
Three months,  3 10 0
"            Six months  o   0 0
FotmInches, oeless—One insertion,  o 15 o
'               "            One month,  2    4 0
"          Three months  a   0 o
PUBLIC MEETING.—THE FRANCHISE BILL.
Acconoixa to announcement, a largo assemblage of
persons met at the Court-house on Saturday evening,
I ai 7 o'clock, to lake into consideration the extension ot
! the elective Franchise, and to "instruct their representatives thereto." Mr. Justice Pemberton, however,
would not allow the meeting to be held in the Courthouse, on the ground that all political gatherings alter
sunset were illegal, and the assemblage adjourned to
the Assembly-Halt. A sufficient time having elapsed
t
I
if   land.
Am-ETiTlsE.vfEXTS of larger dimensions, or for longer
periods, as per agreement.
Advertisements   in the   'Business   Directory,"   no
exceeding three linos, £i 4S. per quarter.
(L'jjc jjfcfo S&foimsfa: (Tintcs.
VICTORIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER ■!. I s.-,:i.
In consequence of the press of important matter, we
will issue a supplement gratuitously to our subscribers,
to-morrow. »
The Newspaper-ling of yestcrduy attempts to come
out strong on tiro Franchise Bill meeting of Saturday
last, and by gross misstatements of facts, to carry out
resolutions which were indignantly referred by that
meeting to a committee to bo appointed by tho people-
But fortunately the pcoplo of Victoria, with the exception of iho few would-be dictators, think differently
upon the result of Hint meeting. Truth is truth; and
as such difficult for able men to confute—but n totally
impossible undertaking for illiterate or narrow-minded
ones. To bo continually sounding one's own trumpet,
is a course which is easily seen through, and by men of
the world, invariably treated with contempt, Such is
the position of the Newspuper-Iing above referred to,
and no mailer what questionable attempts may bo mado
by tho designing dictators [who have in lliis instance
fallen so flat] to blind the public Theexpoat of their conspiracy, mi Saturday, was so complete, that we will
pardon them tho error of which they have boon guilty,
if they possess tho requisite skill lo re-establish themselves in the estimation of tho public. Upon the proper
representation—upon the adoption of the1 most liberal,
most enlightened, and nt liie sumo time well matured
measures, depends the rise or downfall of these colonies. Our course is clear. We stand forward to oppose
the oligarchs who sought to impose upon the free and
indep lent men of Vancouver Island their own narrow-minded views — their own secret hatchings,
By an almost unanimous demonstration of popular
fooling, the Wharf-street conspirators have boon hurled
from thai giddy eminence—from that pinnacle of fame,
to which their ambitious imaginations led them to suppose that the hasty adoption of the resolutions they hud
so artfully concocted, would enable them to reach.
Yes, this clique of fiflh rale men, presumptuously aspired to monopolise Iho olective Franchise, and'thus
the represontation of Vancouver Island, but how signally theii designs were frustrated, is too well known
to need explanation, The blow came upon them from
a quarter the least expected—from the quarter whore
they thought their duplicity was looked upon as honesty, from the people, whom they now taunt, tli
o give the people an opportunity of attending the new-
dace of meeting, Mr. Y/ovno, having animadverted
severely upon the conduct of Air. Pemberton, wished to
know from those persons present if they wore content
to take that gentleman's opinion of the question and go
hoine, or if they were determined to hold then- political
discussion there that evening. The latter question
being answered unanimously in the affirmative, Mr
Selim Franklin was voted to the chair.
Rev. Air. Ci.aiikk  came  forward and said that ns he
took "real interest in the object for which the meeting
was called, he was happy to afford them the use of the
room merely requesting that there would bo as little
noise'as possible, as ho bad rented the room with the
stipulation that no noisy meetings should beheld within
it.    He know very well how difficult it was with  Englishmen, so accustomed to give tho widest expression
to  their feelings, on every great question, to restrain
their enthusiasm or acclamations, but he would take it
as a great favor, if they would on the present occasion
conduct themselves ns quietly as it would bo practicable.
Mr. I-'iiANKi.in. in thanking the meeting for the honor
they had done him in placing him in the chair, said :—
Gentlemen, in taking the position which I now hold, I
need not  say it was unoxpocted.    1  would have been
glad if some one more conversant   with  tho details of
the business which is to be brought before the meeting,
had been selected Instead, as I am not sufficiently prepared, with regard to tho mailer to be discus -ed.    How-
! ever, I hope some of tho gentlemen connected with tho
| drawing up of the resolutions  which have been pro-
I Bonted in mo. will hud me their assistance.    The snb-
jci I noon which wc arc culled  to debate, is one of the
j most ' mentous kind, and, although, my position as
Chairman precludes my entering into tho arena of discussion, my tooling and Interest in tho question aro
none Iho less. Wo all know tho present condition of
this colony. Other British Colonies, during the last
ten yours, have mado a march which strikes us with
astonishment und wonder. When we see the territories
even in the neighboring country making extraordinary
progress—when wo turn to Australia and Canada, and
! remark their gigantic stridos—we arc amazed. But,
when wf direct our attention to ourselves, what an unhappy contrast does our condition present I What, an
anomaly I Blessed with natural advantages superior to
them all, and yet in such a backward slate ! When we
regard this colony in a commercial light, its future
great destiny is apparent. Nothing but bad laws and
an inefficient government can prevent il from becoming
the great commercial depot of the Pacific, (Hour, hear,
and cheers.) The route which Columbus spent years
of energy, toil, and hardship to discover, and the great
object which has been sought by the commercial world
for centuries arc both within our grasp, (cheers.) To
enable us to take advantage of our splendid position,
wo must havo proper laws and efficient representatives.
(Hear, hear.) Wo must have men that will carry out
the enlightened views of the people. This can only bo
attained by a proper and liberal Franchise Bill. To try
to accomplish these ends is our object here to-night.
And as some gentlemen have given the subject their
serious consideration, it is to bo hoped something
tangible will bo effected, and a substantial basis given
to nn enlightened and popular Franchise. (Hear,
hear.)
Air. A'orNo rose and said:—I am surprised that men
In the present day should cling to the wretched idea
that it is a necessary object to throw obstacles in the
way of tho poor man, who is striving to raise himself
into wealth and position, and to concede every political
privilege to those who are born in moro fortuitous circumstances.     This  restrictive   feature   exists  in   the
...rough
the columns of the Newspaper-ling, with having no
stake—no property—and thus seek to deprive them of I Franchise Bill, now before the House of Assembly. I
that perfect representation which they have an un- am astonished that this bill embraces so many absurdi-
doubted right to demand. Tho English Reform Act ' tie9- °"p "' "'l' PrinciPal of t,iese anomalies is
provides that every person, not subject to loiral inca- making it incumbent upon a person to vote, to bo resi-
pacity, being a copy-holders with an estate of £10 a (ie"1 '" tl,(; ''ol"»)' ono }'caT> wnilc to become a member
year," shall have a vote, tho proviso is but three months.    Another clause states
Also lease-holders of £50, with leases of 20 years and    a member must bo a voter, which makes the whole
tenants at will paying a rent of £50 a year. All of
these are moro liberal than those proposed. It is too
evident thai puny spirit and ambition were the mainspring which moved tlie •• three tyrants "—more despotic
dictators than tho 30 tyrants of old.
In England £10 freeholders arc entitled to vote—the
dictators iu their very liberal measure propose £20, thereby making our Franchise Bill more illiberal titan the
English one. when it undoubtedly ought to bo moro
liberal, as men's minds, with regard to freedom, have
considerably expanded since 1832. We have not space
to discuss this subject further in our columns, but wc
have no doubt thul upon tho assembling of the meeting
pursuant to the adjournment, carried by tho almost
unanimous voice of the people such a committee will
be nominated to draft resolutions which will he in accordance with the wishes of the people.
In concluding those few remarks we cannot help
expressing our regret at the course pursued by somo of
the advocates of the original resolutions, in giving vent
to personalities alike false and undignified, and contrary
to the spirit of men who are sincerely desirous of fair
argument, even-handed justice, in fact, who are like
honest men, resolved to stand or fall by the soundness
of their doctrines.
In another part of this issue will be found an address
from sonic of the most respectable British residents of
Fort Hope, some of whom are Canadians, to Governor
Douglas, on the occasion of his lato visit, and His Excellency's reply. While congratulating tho gentlemen
who prepared the document, upon the happy expression
of their sentiments, the elegance of the composition, and
the lucidity of their statements, wc, at the same time,
•congratulate the country upon tho general tenor of the
governor's reply, but we re appreciate the fact, that
vilw^frmf^L11^ f IC,'gtl1 f™*™ '"' index of his    ,„„ ,, radical, nor urn 1 a liberal, I an. hoi a democrat,
ml re     „   ,   Yr"    7"   *•.'"«   *U;.ihV,   "»   was    nor am I a red  republican;   but   I   an, a conservative
n" J     '    ' 7s":""""  by his silence, and    (Groans  and cheers.)    The  majority of us who  havo
of to-      I,",',?' " " ,' lKlS P°rV?dC,d !'•" !,'lllr"SS : como l,cre llIlV0 """' !""'' "•,lv,"1U"1 '» ""'" ccnttta,
ot  those who assume to themselves to bo his favored   and whatever
advisers.    Ho  has  been robbed  of credit which   wa
thing a perfect paradox. Again, lawyers turd other
professional men arc sufficiently qualified by their position alone. This is stealing a march,—it is very unfair—it is illegal and unconstitutional. The same
terms may be applied to that part of tlie bill relating
to naturalization, where British subjects, who have
taken the oath of allegiance to a foreign power, are
required to be resident six months after giving notice
of their intention to again become subjects of Great
Britain: I will suppose a llrilisli subject goes to Mexico, and takes the oath of allegiance lo that country—
is he any loss a British subject when he returns to
England and swears ho is a loyal subject to the British
crown? The love of country is innate with all of us—
it becomes part and parcel of our existence—breathing
into our souls [a voice, "ohI don't got poetical"]-(laugh-
ter)—you may laugh, gentlemen, but you will cry with
very delight before I have done with you. I say that
love of country breaths into our soul a foretaste, of
Paradise—it warms every true heart, and want of it
makes every false one blush. (Cheers and laughter.)
But to come to tlie new Franchise Bill, tho learned
Attorney General has the credit of drawing it up. 1
am sorry for it, as it is reported he is a very clover
young lawyer. I hope that report may not be too
premature. (Laughter.) AVe have all heard of people
being born with silver spoons in their mouths, but I
have never yet come across an individual who could
boast of being born with a legal spoon in his nioulh.
(Laughter.) Although 1 must confess I sec a good
many '-spoons'' amongst tho profession. (Loud
laughter.) Jt is not to bo expected that the young
gentleman who has not yet done sucking legal milk,
should evince a profound knowledge of the law. There
ii- scarcely another subject which requires more study
and experience. I am no lawyer myself, although I
have dipped considerably into "Bhickstone" in my
time : sufficiently so to make mo a staunch supporter
and  warm   admirer of the British  constitution.    [ urn
justly duo to him, Ho has boon saddled with blame
for neglect anil failures over which ho had no control,
and ho has suffered from the absence of that discussion
which would ensue, wore Contemplated measures well
ventilated ore they were adopted. We hail, therefore,
his first speech with pleasure, regarding it as the pro
may be the power of those in position
on this l.-Iaud to mislead and bamboozle the old inhabitants, we are not to have iho wool pulled over our
eyes, (Cheers nnd laughter.) Wo do not want for
our representatives any old fogies —
Mr. Wiuiit—I'orhnps "young'' fogies.   (Laughter.)
Mr. You.va—No, nor "white" ones either. (Laugh-
cursor of many more, and as a moans whorby His Ex- tcr)—'"" WB want men of intelligence and experience
relleney may set himself right in general estimation \7~men "'' cnlif?l,tonBl1 vicws- (Uoaj, hear.) As I
And we shall lake an early opportunity of addressing v.° snld ueforoi ' il,n ""l " democrat, hula conser-
ourselvos to an examination of tho opinions with which I Vll.tivci and ' ''opo, gentlemen, you all feel as I do on
he seems to ho impressed, wilh a viow to their publica-    """  ?lll,Joct—although desiring   considerable  change
tion, and to their being discussed through the niediiii,.
of our columns, for on the solution of the great question
—tin- all important question—viz: the Land Question,
will, in a largo degree, depend the advancement and
prosperity of these colonies.
Ouu friend the "Colonist," in his leader saj-s :.—
"Those whom the Cods sock to destroy, they first
make mad." Very true this I beautifully applicable to
the performers in the coup d'etatr-to those who presented resolutions to Iho members for Victoria, purporting to be the will.ofJlie people—which, however
■were indignantly rejected as inadequate, and which
never even received the signature of the Chairman
of the meeting.
A numerously signed requisition has been presented
to Selim Franklin, Esq., for Ihe calling together of the
adjourned public meeting, of Saturday last, and it will
.accordingly meet ut 7 o'clock to-morrow, at the Assembly-Hall, by authority of the Chairman,
in the present measure before the House, yet not wanting a reckless Franchise Bill. I have said moro,
perhaps, than I should, but I will now conclude by
moving that the resolution bo put to the mooting, us
they arc written.
.Mr. Alston considered that tliejproper way to proceed was to put the resolutions to the meeting seriatim.
After some discussion on this question it was at
length decided that the proposition should ho adopted.
Mr. Wahdixutox wished to explain that, in drawing
up the resolutions ho, with lhc other gentlemen concerned, merely mado amendments upon the bill before the
Housts]"and did not attempt to draft a Franchise Bill.
The first and second resolutions wore thou proposed
and seconded, and were to the following elfect:—
1. Every male British subject, 2] years of age who
has resided iu this Colony for three months prior to
the election, shall be entitled to vote for a member or
members of the Assembly, provided he has either of
Hie following qualifications, aud is not subject to any
pf tho following disqtlalificatlons, lo wit:
'-. Being in possession, OS a bona lido   purchaser,   or
an owner in fee, ofa freehold of 20 acres
real estate to the  value of £20,   at   the   time   of  the
Registration of votes.
Mr. Wiiiur moved as an amendment, that the words
" or an owner in fee"  ho si ruck out, as  there was no
such individual as owner  in fee on  Vancouver Island.
The parties from whom the people purchased their land
I onlv held it under a grant.
Mr. Alston—Mr. Wight is in error. The seller of
the land gives away whatever right he has, and the
person purchasing, occupies the exact position us the
party from whom he purchased. The title to the lands
here are perfectly good.
After some little discus-ion Air Wight withdrew his
amendment, and the resolution was carried
The third resolution
being proposed und seconded, was :—
3. Beingtholesseeortenantinthesoloorjointoccupa-
tion of laud or tenement, at the rental of £12 per
annum, paid by the party claiming to vote, with three
mouths occupation of the premises prior lo election.
Air. Estbonach proposed as an amendment. ".Manhood
Suffrage," making threo months residence the qualification us to time, lie did not sec, on looking amongst
that class who possessed the 20 aeros qualification, how
thoy wore in any way better entitled to a vote than
those without it. Every man who came to this country
was a man of intelligence, and for his part ho would
give every British subject on the Island a vote, with
The above stipulation.    [Hear, hear and cheers.]
.Mr. llicivs, I agree perfectly with the gentleman who
has just spoken.    I think the present meeting a sufficient evidence of the intelligence of the majority ot the
inhabitants, and as far as that part of the qualification
for voting goes, there could bo no dispute.    But there j
is one thing which the gentleman seems  to   have lost
sight ut'—we aro hero to •• instruct our representatives.'' j
If wo  could  got all  wo require, I might   say give us
'-.Manhood  Suffrage."     Hut ii is  quite  clour  such  a I
thing would never be granted by the present Assembly,
and it would bo worse than useless trying for impossibilities.     Although, indeed, if wo could got il. in its
widest sense. I   believe il would not be desirable.     We
have a striking example iu California of the evils of the ,
svstem, wherou foreign clement over-runs iho American, I
and political corruption and bankruptcy are the result.
We want to get such reforms as the present Legislature
will   be must willing to  grant.    I think  Iho suffrage
given in the resolution covers  all   the ground.    If the
Government do not concede that much, why let us send
them lo that position which God and nature intended
them to occupy.   (Hour, hoar.)
Mr. Wioiit,—I hoard the gentleman say he wanted a
concession. AVe do not want concessions. AVe wish
to get our rights as men. Let us stand forth as Englishmen in this colony, and, although, we have a governor
who, I may confess, is like Brutus, an honorable man,
and an inefficient Legislature, there is nothing to prevent
us from obtaining our just demands. As for the
wretched bill styled a Franchise Bill, as far as regards
ils liberality the Reformers even of 1H32 would not
have looked" at it. (Hear, hoar.) Tho whole system ot
government in this colony is rotten. If it wanted
further proof, the fact of such an illiberal Franchise
measure being introduced at the present day, when
Cobden and Bright are lighting for reforms in England.
immensely beyond the comprehension of the trainers of
tho Franchise Bill, is sufficient in itself to stamp tho
whole body with imbecility.    (Loud cheers.)
Mr. EsTHOSACii.—With regard to manhood suffrage,
allusion has been made by Air. Hicks to California ;now,
what I would propose would obviate all the trouble
which is experienced in that State, by simply having a
registration of voters (hoar, hear) so that no one should
be allowed to cast his vote whose name was not on the
list. (Cheers,) It would seem strange that a system
which has prevailed in the United Slates for the last
83 years, and which in my mind is the solo cause of
that country's gigantic progress, should not bo as applicable in an English Colony where many of the disadvantages which are caused by the heterogeneous nature of the population in America are entirety unknown.
(Hear, hoar.)
Rev. Air. Clarke.—I have a great desire to sny something on the present important question. It is
generally considered that a Christian Minister has no
right to meddle in politics ; however correct this may be
when applied to his class in older countries it is, I
think nither unjust in anew colony like this. I take it
that it is nol necessary that a person because of his
being aprcaehershouldceusetobeamaii. (Hear, hear.)
I have come to this colony with my family,»aud I think
I haven right to look after tlie political as well as social
wellfaro of my children. (Hear, hear.) AVith this
viow of the question I have some remarks to make on
the present resolution. Aluch ns I admire a liberal
Franchise, I do not think the amendment proposed desirable. 1 have lived in some of tlie most promising
States of America, and from what I have seen personally and heard from intelligent Americans, I am
convinced that no greater evil in a political as well as
moral light could exist in a country than universal
suffrage. (Hour, hoar.) The proposition before the
meeting is 1 think siillioiently liberal; for surely no man
who is either industrious or energetic in this colony
need be long without the specified qualifications.—
In fact, a poor man who makes himself qualified proves
himself a worthy citizen, and the man who is thriftless
is not a desirable person to exercise the franchise.—
(Hear, hoar.) It is an unfortunate fact flint this latter
class does an immense deal of injury in American elections. I recollect an instance occurring in one of the
Eastern States, at tho time of an election, whore a portion of a large quantity of whiskey, which was being
used liberally amongst the voters, was capsized in the
streets, and one of the principal electioneering gentlemen
was hoard to exclaim that it was a most serious and
scandalous waste as there wns sufficient destroyed to
carry the next election. (Loud laughter.) I am not
in favor of property being tho only qualification. A
certain degree of education I think would bo desirable.
(A voice, "what about the test of integrity.") In this
country, we expect to have tho law curried out in its
proper spirit, und no crime to go unpunished. I believe the stipulation with regard to a man's not having
committed a crime, kc, would moot the question of integrity as far us is practicable, but I would wish to see it
a sin qua nonto Iho qualification to he able to road land
write. (Cheers.) AVitlnnit this capacity person are debarred from the opportunities which the press und other groat
institutions afford, and consequently cannotbo conversant
with the groat political questions of theday. (Cheers.)
Mr.SllANks—Iopposo I his latter stipulation lo the utmost,
us it punishes persons for their misfortune and not
their fault. AVhen wo came closely to consider that
portion of education, we find men who have had five or
six years schooling not yet able to spell—(laughter)—
and as to reading ami writing, they nro complelly nonplussed. I am opposed to the original resolution bo-
cause- I think ii the offspring ofa potty little clique—
(laughter and uproar) who have kept everything in the
dark until the present, but I hope when tho political pot
gets hot wo shall know the whole mystery.—[laughter].—The proposition, before the mooting, is absurd—
it is unjust. By it the great majority of British subjects here will bo deprived of votes. [Hoar, hear.]—-
I have been living in British colonies since 1 was born
and I came hero to make this place my homo. I have
brought my wives and my children with mo [A voice
"Ah you Aloruionito"] [roars of laughter]—and 1 um
determined to oppose, to the utmost of my power, any
attempt like that which is being lundo by the parties
who have drawn up llio resolutions to curtail the rights
and liberties of tho people.    [Hear, hear, and cheers.]
Mr.. Ring proposed un amendment to reduce the £20
mentioned iu Ihe original proposition to £10, as ho
considered (his would give votes to many worthy citizens who would otherwise bo deprived of tho franchise.
Mn. Dk Cosmos—I wish to make a fow remarks
with regard to this resolution. I am convinced that
there is a disposition in the Houses of Legislature to
grant somo moro liberal measures than those proposed
in tho now Franchise Bill, and it, would not bo judicious
to try for swooping reforms, as from my knowledge of
the members personally, wero such u motion ns universal suffrage passed in this mooting, the whole affair
would  ho  thrown under  the table.    I think it would
be a much wiser course to bo moderate in our demands
at present.    [Hear, hoar.]
Air. Wight,—I want to know from this meeting here
to-night, if they hold these ridiculous opinions, which
I hear expressed by several gentlemen, regarding the
position of tlie people to their representatives, as children to their parents. Those ideas : re not only unbecoming in nun of souse, but are disgraceful to a free
community, (cheers.) Wc do not want any of those
wretched compromises. (Hear, hear.) AVe do not-want
to be dictated to by any House of Commons. We demand from the Houses' of Legislature those rights to
which wo are fairly entitled, (cheers) and do not want
to be treated as a set of schoolboys.   (Loud cheers.)
Air. Di: Cosmos,—I had an idea that the learned gen-
tleman would give a more legal expression of opinion
and not attempt to frustrate the efforts of the meeting.
Air Wight,—Air. DeCosmos has just given us the
gratifying intelligence that he had an idea. Springing
from such an authentic source, we must give it full
credit, although the announcement certainly comes
upon us with supreme astonishment. (Loud laughter.)
I do not wisli in any way to frustrate the efforts
of this meeting, as the learned gentleman has
just now stated ; but I wish to impress on the minds of
the people the necessity of unity of action, in trying to
force the government to pass a liberal Franchise. If
the Legislature does not think lit to do so, why lotus
stop the ways and means, and bring tho government to
a dead slop at once, f Uproar.)
Mr. Hicks,—If this be allowed to go on, we shall got
no business done at all. We have altogether too miie'.i
law on the decision. (Hour, hour.) It is nonsense to
talk of stopping tho ways and moans, and bringing the
government to a dead slop. I think the measures in
the resolutions sufficiently liberal. The North American
Provinces had years of agitation before they obtained
one half of the privileges which aro contained in these
resolutions.    (Hear, hoar.)
After repealed calls fur Air. King, that gentleman
rose and said—The importance of the subject before
the meeting can scarely bo overrated. Discuss these
questions in your homes, nt your tea-table, and in your
private intercourse one with another. Ventilate them—
agitato them. Disturhnnco is sometimes useful. Disturbing forces in physics us well us in morals produce
good effects. If we see a person asleep and a serpent
approaching him, wo do not go quietly iind'-Sloivly to
his assistance, but drag him immediately and violently
away. (A voice—"But if there is no serpent?" laughter.) Why, then, there will bo no sleeper. (Loud laughter.) Thunder and lightning purify the air,—tlie
tempest drives the bee to his hive —and the storm that
shakes the island, gives health to Iho people, and fertility to the soil.    [Loud applause.]
Air. Pidwell—It appears to me, that a groat deal of
our timo is being occupied to no purpose. If the
whole of tho clauses had been considered in proper
order, and had there been a desire to get through with
the business of the meeting, everything would have
now been accomplished. (Groans, hisses, and uproar.)
Gentlemen, (laughter and groans) when you have
finished 1 will continue. Tho lawyers have more to
sny to-night than nny one else; whether or not it is
because they hud no hand in the drawing up of tho
resolutions. (Hear, hear.) The inhabitants could
gain no advantage by the reduction from £20 to tin
in the clause under discussion. What piece of ground
can u person obtain in A'ictoria for £10? £20 is quite
low enough. If the original motion had been carried
without any irrevelenl matter being introduced, we
should have finished our business some time ago. I
wish to draw the attention of the meeting to the proper channel in order to save timo. (A voice,—" llec-
aw, hec-aw."—roars of laughter.) Many of us have
come hero with our families, and invested money in
the country. ("He-aw, hee-aw"—laughter.) AVe want
a proper Franchise Bill. Let us have proper resolutions drawn up and presented to the Assembly before
they puss the present measure before the Bouse.
(Cheers and groans.)
Cries of '• Davis, Davis," being repeated from all
parts of the house,
Air. Davis rose und said—AVe have all come here tonight with the expectation of hearing liberal measures
propounded, but I am astonished us well us indignant
to find that the resolutions are as illiberal, if not more
so, than those contained in the Assembly Franchise
Bill. [Hear, hear.] The whole matter is a puck of
nonsense from beginning to end. Secretly and wretchedly drawn up they merit nothing but our greatest
contempt.    [Hoar and cheer.-.]
Mr King's amendment was put to the mooting and
lost by a majority of two.
The amendment of Air. Estrounch was also put and
lost by a small majority.
Considerable timo was spent in discussing the 1th
resolution which is :
4. Every voter shall bo eligible to bo a member of the
Assembly.
Air. Wight contending that it nullified tho other resolutions, thefith resolution, which is—
5. No voter shall be nllowcd to vote in more than
one district,
was made to precede the 4th, nnd tho difficulty was
gotten over.
Air. Shanks—The whole affair is a complete bungle
—the resolutions are not properly drawn up. It is a
political dodge.
Mr. Dk Cosmos—The gentleman is out of order.
(Uproar.)
The Chairman—Really gentlemen, better order must
be maintained. (Hear, hear, and cries of "chair.")
Air. Shanks—If the gentlomon who have drawn up
the resolutions are inclined to go to hair-splitting, I
will ho even with them by saying those resolutions are
not written even in proper English. (Hear, hoar, and
laughter.) They are all in a complete muddle. (Laughter.)
Captain Gordon—Air. Chairman, I have been requested by numbers of gentlemen in this part of tho
room to ask what is the subject under discussion, or
if there bo  any at all.    Wo are completely bewildered.
Air. Dk Cosmos—Thai is quite apparent.
A desultory discussion here ensued and the. 4th, 5th,
0th, Till, and 8th resolutions were carried by small
majorities, with some slight amendments. These arc
us follows :—
G. Every voter, qualified by being in the possession,
ns a bona fido purchaser or an owner in foe, of a freehold of twenty aeros of land, or real estate to the value
of £20, shall lie ontitled to vote, for members both of
the town and district in which he resides,
7. Victoria town shall send throe members, and the
district two members, to the Assembly.
8. Every voter, if required by a voter, shall in
order to"volo, make oath before the returning officer
on tho day of election, Hint he is a loyal subject of
the British Crown.
Tlie Oth resolution was proposed and seconded but
not carried.   If was as follows :
0. Two members shall be returned to the Assembly by the voters in all tlie towns and districts in the
Colony from Nanaimo to Sooke.
The tenth resolution, being proposed and seconded,
was:
10. Every district which lias loss than seven votes
shall be united with tho adjoining district; but, if it
joins more than one district it shall bo united to the
adjoining district which has tho smallest number of
votes, and unitedly they shall return the number of
members allotted to each.
Mr Holbrook moved an amendment to tho effect
that twenty voters should bo considered low enough,
If the original resolutions wore carried, the district of
Sooke would boas it, is now monopolized by one family.
Mr. Dk Cosmos—Docs the gentleman know how many
voters there are ill that district?
Air. IIouhiook—I think ten.
Mr. Dk Cosmos—The gentleman is incorrect, there
are thirteen.
Air. Wkhit—What, has Air. Do Cosmos been canvassing already ?   (Laughter.)
After n lengthy discussion, the motion was about
being put, when
Captain Kino rose and said—I beg to propose as an
amendment that the whole affair be referred to a com.
mittee to be appointed by the people, us it is evident
that these resolutions have been gotten up in a hasty
and secret manner to suit individual purposes; and
I hat they are Infinitely inferior, and moro illiberal than
the measure now before tho Douse of Assembly, (Hear
hoar, and cheers.) '
Air. Wight seconded tho amendment.
Air. Cekase—I cannot conceive it possible that a
meeting after spending so many hours in discussing
such important questions should nullify, as it were un
that hud been done.
Mr. Waddixiiton—AVe are treated with tlie utmost
scurrility aud abuse for doing our best in trying to
frame resolutions, us a liberal substitute for the present
Franchise Bill before the House of Assembly; and
instead of receiving what little thanks are due, we ga
abused for our pains. It is scandalous and disgraceful,
(Cheers nnd laughter.)
Air. Dk Cosmos—The gentleman who has proposed
the amendment has done it with a view to frustrate
the whole proceedings of the meeting, and is a paid
servant of the 11. B. Company. [Groans und hisses
and great uproar, the Chairman making strenuous
efforts to maintain order.]
Mr. Shanks—No personalities ought to be allowed
[Hear, hear.] If tho amendment had not been pro^
posed by Captain King, I would have made the motion
myself. Tho whole affair is a disgraceful piece of
political dodgery—the resolutions are a complete
hodge-podge—und have been cut and dried for the
occasion.    [Hear, hour, and cheers.]
Air. Ring—I believe that no person came here tonight animated with other than good and sincere mo-
tives. I do not believe that the amendment just proposed, will in nny way stultify those who have drawn
up the resolutions, if it bo carried. Quite the contrary,
The mooting is willing to give every credit to the gen.
tlemcn who havo interested themselves so much on
the matter which has been discussed. I really believe
that those connected with the resolutions will be more
agreeable than otherwise to have llieni placed before n
proper committee. [Hear, hear.] When such important questions are under consideration, it does not
Beem judicious to rush hastily over them. This is but
a small meeting after all, and I nm sure no one will
begrudge a little more time to have the resolution!
proporly revised and a fuller expression of. public
opinion on the question. [Cheers.] 1 do not think
that anything like a stigma will consequently rest upon
those who have taken so much trouble in drawing
them out ill tho first place.    [Applause.]
The insulting attitude of Mr. Voting whilst Mr. fling
was speaking, was the general subject of the severest
censure.
Mr. YOUNG—The proposing of the amendment it
question is an attempt to throw ridicule upon the whole
proceedings, but the quarter from which it proceeds ii
of too despicable n nature for ino to notice. [Groans
ami hisses, and cries of no personalities.] It is pan
nnd parcel of the attempt made by that snob Bomber-
ton. [Groans and cries of "put him out,"—"no scurrility or blackguardisms."]—Who will put me out!
[Cries of " Dry-up," "Sit down,'' "But him out," and
the greatest uproar prevailed, accompanied by cries of
'• I'm the amendment."]
Order being somewhat restored, the Chairman put
the amendment, which was carried with acclamation.
A motion of adjournment was then made in order
to carry out the substance of Captain King's amendment, which was carried.
A vote of thanks was awarded to Rev. Air. Clarke
for his kindness in giving the use of the room.
Captain King then moved a vote of thanks to the
Chair, which was seconded and carried unanimously.
After which, it being almost twelve o'clock, the meeting
adjourned. Tlie greatest praise is due to Air. Selim
Franklin for the efficient manner in which he conducted the business of the mooting, and the pntienco
ho evinced throughout the exciting and grossly personal altercations.
NOTICE TO MARINERS.
Colonial Secretary's Okficb,
A'ictoria, Vancouver Island, Sept. 516, 1850.   I
•    Tho entrance  to  the  Fraser  River having  been re- I
buoyed, the accompanying " Notice to Mariners," which m
has  been furnished to  the  Government by  Captain 9
Richards, of Hor Majesty's Surveying Ship " riumpcr," ||
is herewith published for general information.
By Command,
William A. G. Young,
Acting Colonial Secretary.
NOTICE TO MAIUNKIlS.
"TUIB Entrance to the Eraser River has been re-buoyed. J3
-*- All the buoys are placed on the Northern or Port 9
side of the Channel in entering, with the exception of i4
one on the South Sand Head.
The following table points out the position, nnd a
gives tho description of each buoy:—
ON   SOUTH  SAND   HEAD,
A spar buoy moored in 11 foot at low water. The H
spar painted white and black in horizontal M
bunds, surmounted by a bull of the same colors a
also, in horizontal bunds.
ION   NOIITII   SAND   HEAD,
A spar buoy moored in 11 feet.   Spar black nnd js
white, in vertical lines,  surmounted  by  a ball 9
painted in the same manner.
{ON   NORTH   SIDE  OE THE   CHANNEL,
A spar buoy moored in t) feet.    Spar black nnd -|
white horizontally.    Ball red.
(A  spar  buoy  moored in  12 feet.    Spar, whito «S|
4 J and black  bands horizontally, surmounted by »   j
(white diamond, and marked 1.
r f A spar buoy moored in 12 foot.    Spar, white stir- ij
J 1 mounted by a black diamond, marked 2.
- f A spar buoy  moored in  11   feet.    Spar, whito SB
\ surmounted by a red diamond, marked 3.
C A spar buoy moored in 11 feet.   Spur, white, ■
7 -I surmounted by a crescent red and black, mar- 9
[ ked 4.
„ J A spur  buoy  moored  in  12  feet.    Spur, whito M
\ and black vertically, crescent red, marked 5,.
On entering the River, the Sand Head buoys should* I
not be approached within half a mile, until the pa-ssago 3
between them is brought to bear N J E, when a ves- I
sel may 8"teor in, mid channel, or pass the North SandB
Head buoy and the first one inside it, from a cable to » I
cable and a half's length.
The remaining live buoys on tho Nortjhisido of the jl
channel may bo passed from half a calvle to a cable's S
length, keeping them on the port hand iiii entering. Aft ■
tor passing the. inner buoy, a straight course may be 91
steered for Garry Point.
It must bo remembered that tho ebb, tide sets to.tho-H
southward, over the Roberts bank, and thoflood totiio
northward, over the Sturgeon bank.
By attention to these directions, a vessel drnwinj
from lfi to 1(1 feet water, may enter tho Fraser will'
safety, at half-tide.
The buoys assume a leaning position, varying from
an angle of 35 ° to 80 °, according lo the slate of tin)
tide and wind, and can be plainly seen from a vessel's
deck at a distance of three miles in clear weather.
Vessels bound for the River and coming Un-QUgh.t
1 Plumper Pass,' should steer N.N, AV. as soon as they
enter the strait of Georgia. This course; leads. diW1'
for the Sand Heads eleven miles distant,, somp slight
allowance being of course made for the tide, which
runs from 1 to 2 knots in the strait,, and moro ns (Jia
entrance of the River is approached^
Vessels from the Southward, jmssiiig Robert's Point,
must avoid the Robert's bank, which is very steep to!
by not bringing the low part of this point to the Southward uf East, tho bank will be cleared.
GEO. HENRY RICHARDS
Seplembo
Captain II. AI. Surveying Ship "Plumper.
;r2lth, I Buy,
1 THE   NEW  WESTMINSTER    TIMES.
THE GOVERNOR IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
W* have received a copy of the following address
presented to His Excellency Governor Douglas, signed
by all the influential British and Canadian residents at
port Hope.    The address, together with His Excellency's
fiieech, may be relied on for their accuracy.
To His Excellency Governor Douglas, C. B.. Governor
of British Columbia nnd Vancouver Island
kc, kc, kc
you have honored me, but 1 am glad to take the opportunity of publicly expressing my opinions on the subjects
you have mentioned.
Tho land question is a very important question, as
you very justly remark. It concerns the interests of
British Columbia and the interests of individuals very
closely, and the Government have given much consideration to it. Indeed, I may say I have done so since
my appointment as Governor of this Colony.
The policy I adopted soon after the discovery of gold
in British Columbia, was not popular at home or in
this colony.    Indeed. I may add, it has wrought me a
Sir.—AVe. the undersigned, approach vonr Excellency | groat deal of obloquy, which  I have been constrained
to bear, but 1 am glad to find lhat the opinion of the
British public, and public opinionTfere, is now more
alive to the real motives which influenced me in advising a restrictive policy. Some time buck, there was
u great demand for land, but tbo country was then occupied almost exclusively by foreigners, who would
have become its first settlers, to the great injury of
British subjects nnd British interests. This is n point
which we must not lose sight of in this colony, situated
as British Columbia is with reference to other countries.
The present time, however, appears a favorable one
for a change in the policy which has been followed
hitherto, and many of the suggestions you have made
in your address are already under the consideration of
Government.
AVe propose selling lands in the vicinity of towns and
within certain limits, to those who wish to settle and
Improve, on their registering their names and paying
five shillings an acre a? an instalment.
Those who wish to take up land beyond those limits,
and the sites of Indian villages, and their cultivated
fields, can do so immediately, by settling and improving.
No instalment will be required nt present previous to
settlement on unsurveyed country hind, and when the
survey is completed, those settlers will be allowed to
purchase their lands a: the upset price, often shillings
per acre. Wo cannot alter the upset price yet. but I
guarantee il shall not be raised, and may be reduced.
I am aware of the Canadian l.'iw, which you have
staled correctly. The whole of this important question,
as I previously said, is under consideration, and in
legislating upon it. Iho hind regulations of Canada and
America will be reviewed. AVe shall adopt some system of registration of names and position of lands taken
up by Bottlers. The laws promulgated on tho land
quest ion, will follow the spirit of the Canadian law, restricting the number of acres to bo held by individuals,
insuring bona fide settlement nnd improvement. Im-
| provements will be required, while the occupants will
i be scoured in all their improvements, by being allowed
to become purchasers at the upset price,
I entirely coincide with your remarks on the Impolicy
of encouraging selfish speculators, but I think tho system of public registration, restriction in acreage, nnd
requiring gradual and progressive improvement as a
title to the right of purchasing, will tend to prevent
speculation. With reference to the position of aliens,
you are aware that they are already under certain disqualifications. Land cannot be hold by aliens for more
than three years, and they must then cither become
British subjects or convey it to such ; but if you will
consider this matter in all its bearings, I think that you
will have reason to see, that it would not be politic or
gracious to adopt the alien law of America, ns you
stated it, nor would it be considered n liberal treatment at home.
1 bog to thank you again for the address with which
you have presented me, and for the expression of your
good wishes nt its conclusion.
with a sincere expression of pleasure at your presence !
«m<*nget us. We are satisfied that your personal inter- I
course with the residents of British Columbia, will j
increase their sense of your desire to promote the in- I
lerests of our Colony at the important juncture at |
which it has now arrived, nnd those of us who have !
hnd the honor of interviews with you, would still fur- |
ther acknowledge the urbanity and accessibility -with
which you received us.
The object of our present address is, to express our
gratitude at the greater facilities for bona fide settlement in the Colony, which the Government are holding
forth, and to  convoy to you the views of tho British
residents in Fort Hope, upon this subject	
We believe we are  perfectly correct in stating it to !
be  the  unanimous   wish  of  the   British   population
throughout the Colony, that lands should bo thrown !
open to actual settlers, and those who intend to become
permanent residents therein.    In this sentiment, we are i
led to suppose our Legislature fully concurs.
The question on which we respectfully submit our j
opinion is, the ways and means by which we conceive
this may be done most beneficially, so as to combine j
at once the present nnd permanent interests of the j
Imperial Government with those of private individuals, j
Up to the present date, notwithstanding the urgent |
request from numerous British subjects to settle at j
ouce on unoccupied land, and obtain such at a "rcmunc- j
rative" sum, the law lias been unmitigated, which pre- j
eluded British subjects as well as aliens, settling on |
any hind not surveyed, and at an upset price of 10s. 1
per acre,        ^
The impolicy of such legislation has boon sufficiently j
vindicated by public opinion, and has already deprived |
ihe  Colony   of valuable   Englishmen   and   Canadian-. |
who have found it impossible to wait for the survey, or
pay such a sum.
i'he difficulties which intending settlers are exposed
to in coming to British Columbia are not unknown to
vour Excellency, but ns we deem them personally and
relatively of groat import, we shall be excused if wo
state them here. The physical and geographical obstacles to cultivation and locomotion in the Colony are
obvious to the most cursory observer. To moot such
drawbacks on the threshold and extending into the
interior of a country, we contend that the policy of
our Government, and its inducements to moot and conquer such obstacles, should he somewhat in keeping
with their magnitude. British subjects, and other.-,
declaring from their first occupation their intention to
become such, should not, we submit, be put off until
the indefinite period of the survey, nor should the upset price for other than suburban land, ho 10s. in the
future, or more than Is. installment be asked on present
occupation. AVe believe such reduction would lend to
extensive purchases, occupation, and improvement by
bona fide settlers.
The reasons on which we base our opinions are—
First,—The greater number of persons who came to
our Colony have limited mentis, but are iu many ways
qualified to benefit the Colony.
Second,—The capital of such persons is their labor,
—the moderate sum of Is. being demanded us installment, would encourage extensive purchases, enhance
the value of bordering lands, increase the taxable property of the Colony, and facilitate the payment of a
moderate upset price, say 5s. per aero for rural land.
This, we believe, would be a great aid tu tlie Exchequer, who might, if requisite, be provided for meanwhile, by the payment of the upset price being
approached by a practical payment periodically until
it reuched a given sum, when further payment might be
suspended to await the survey. In stating such views,
wc only claim for ourselves and our fellow countrymen
rights akin to those accorded by Croat Britain to the
other portions of her Colonial Empire. AVe beg to
refer your Excellency to the case of Canada. In Canada, a mode of settlement of waste Crown Lands has
been adopted, at once antagonistic to the views of
speculators, but encouraging to bonil fide colonists.
The plan of proceeding is twofold. In one instance,
where wild land situated on a Government road is at a
long distance from a town, or market, a grant of bind
is made, saddled with certain restrictions. The applicant, having registered his name at the ollice of the
Crown, and having gone through the necessary preliminaries, is then allowed to take up his residence on the
land allotted to him. During tho first year he is required to clear a stated portion of the allotment
and build a house ; the next year more land has to be
cleared, and so on, until the expiring of the agreed on
term of years. It being then ascertained that the
stipulated improvements have boon duly carried out,
he acquires an indefeasible right to the laud.
In the second case, land lying moro advantageously,
lis sold by Government at the upset price of $1,00.
I The purchaser is required to deposit one-fourth of tlie
purchase money, nnd pay the remaindor In annual installments, so arranged that the disbursements should
be felt as lightly ns possible. On tlie payment of the
whole, he acquires full right to the land. Somo such
[system might, we submit, be considered with advantage
I by our own Colonial Legislature.
In venturing to lay sueh considerations before your
Excellency, we disclaim all sympathy with the sq'unt-
Iting law of America, so far as it allows any citizen to
''squat" on any land unoccupied, without comniuni-
■ cation with, or permission from, the Government; but
lot the same time, we would draw tho attention of your
■Excellency and the Legislature, to that clause of the
■American Law on the subject, which prohibits "nny
Inlicn settling on American soil," restricting the right
y to those who urn   A mm-icim  burn, nnd  to those who.
their intention of lie-
to express our regret
P. S.—We anticipate a withdmwal of our force M
Soon aswe can hem- from AVashinglon, or else a joint oc"
enpation.    The latter most probable.
At present wc have, here in camp, nine companies
and a detachment of sappers and miners, in all 426
nxm and 15 officers. The companies arc short in men,
and shorter in officers.
AVe arc all disgusted at being made " victims" to H.'s
programme for the White House.
 o	
The following are the most important alterations
made in the Franchise Bill this day. Several minor
amendments were made which we have not space to
give :—
Qualification, Clause. No. 2. — Occupation "six"
months instead of 12, and actual rental ©f £12, instead
of £20.
Clause 3 Possession for three months instead of six.
Clause " b." Freehold estote of £20 instead of £100.
Qualification of members.—Being in possession of
£300   freehold, "for three months."
Last Clause.—Duration of House, three ycaas instead
of four.
 o	
FORT HOPE.
22nd September,
Sin,—I wish to give yon the first intelligence of the
prospects which His Excellency the Governor's visit
has opened to us here. On his arrival he conversed
freely with all the miners who approached hirn, and
induced them to search for quart!!: veins. Yestcrduy
too gold-bearing veins were discovered, nnd the mcii
have entered their claims.
Should these veins prove as rich as anticipated, there
is no doubt as to the future of British Columbia. On
a close examination of the pny streaks now worked
in this neighborhood, I find the bulk of the earth is
composed of discntegratcd quartz veins, which run
along the hills here m all directions. I am, therefore,
convinced that the gold is not brought down the river,
but is washed from the banks by the rising water, and
deposited on the bars. Those benches that line the
river have fallen originally from the mountain sides
and are full of the broken quarts and gold. They arc
however covered with a thick coating ot sand, which
has to be removed. At the head of Cornish bar, a
tunnel under the sand lead* into a pay streak prospecting 8 cents. Could it be sluiced, it would \ iold $10 a
man a day. This within 0 miles of Fort Hope is very
encouraging. Within the last few days, upwards of
2000 acres of farm land have been taken at par. In
fact, this town is well named and is doubtless a place
of great hope.
Yours, &c,
A BRITISH COLUMBIAN.
$nsinrss gimterj.
FACTS ABOUT THE SAN JUAN OCCUPANCY.
The following letter we copy from tho S. P. "Times,"
and recommend it to our readers as a true statement of
facts :—
San Juan Island, Puget Sound,
Immediately on settling, declare
pming naturalized."   AVo beg
phut the same law is not nt present in force in British
Columbia. As the law now stands, there is no difference between those who are homo born, and those who
fettle for money, aliens are placed on the sumo footing
lis British subjects, and at the end of throe years, hind
purchased by such, may for political purposes bo virtually controlled, though ostensibly sold. Sueh policy,
vo submit, is adverse to the progress of our Colony,
• tho case may not be an unlikely one, that of three
mired acres (lie extremes In distance aro held by
aritish subjects, improving year by year, their property.
1 here is ,tt present no law to oblige the clearance of
Iho middle lots. If held by an American speculator,
he need not necessarily improve his purchase, and at
[lie expiry of his purchase, his land is raised in value
pom relative position, and the British subject, who
(light have previously become the purchaser, if he still
lesiros to be so, is obliged to pay tribute to a foreigner,
f'lw strikes his stake contentedly, to go and do like-
rise elsewhere. Having laid those, our views, before
lour Excellency, we desire to thank you for the part
lou have personally taken in meeting our grievances,
na conoludo by expressing our best wishes that so
pap* as this important Colony has tho honor of your
ppervision, Cod's blessing may further your efforts to
pomote its interests individually and relatively as a
Pyal and sincerely attached appendage to the Empire
tour beloved Queen, and for this ns in public aud
F'vate duty hound your petitioners will ever pruy.
BKl'LV.
His Excellency made tho following reply:—
I Gentlemen,—It gives rac great pleasure to reeelvc
lis address from the British and Canadian residents at
prt Hope.
|I freely concur in its spirit, and assent to many of tho
[""« you have alluded to. But before referring'iO'ita
intents, let me thank you for the kind allusions il con-
rl tn, n,ysclf- % visit to Fort Hope has given me
polli pleasure, and my best wishes attend its prosperity,
P"'u 1 shall endeavor to further when it li-s in. my
,W(,r.    I was not prepared for this address with which |
September, 2d, 1K>'J. (
Editor Times.—I take the liberty of sending you
some facts in connection with the sole occupancy of
San Juan Island by United States troops, to be used ns
you think proper. 1 deem the subject one of vital public interest, and one in which gross injustice and discourtesy have been done to the representatives of a
foreign friendly power, by the unauthorized, unprecedented, and unwarranted action of a newly-fledged
Brigadier-general of our army, who alone is responsible,
and on whom, I sincerely hope, the press of the United
States will visit the rebuke he so richly merits. He
ought to be court-martialed and dismissed for highhanded, flagrant violation of the law of nations ; but
as he is a friend of slippery,"honest (I) Jack Floyd, I
am apprehensive the government will do no more than
reprimand him, if it docs that
The first consideration that will naturally suggest
itself to "outsiders'' is, " By what authority, if any, has
Gen. Harney, taken this stop V" If none, " What is his
motive or reason for this sensation step ?" He has no
authority ; and the true reason is, " political capital,"
to be used at some future National Convention, a la
Taylor and Pierce. Ho is afflicted, I know, with the
insane idea of, somo day or other, being President!
In the Oregon papers by this mail you will see the
correspondence between him and Gov. Douglas. What
Gen. II. stales is nol so. The Chief Factor of the H. B
Company came to this island on business of his company, in II. B. C. str. Beaver. This is what Gov. Douglas
refers to in his reply, where he gives " an unhesitating
and unqualified denial'-' to Harney's representations.
While on the island, in a bantering conversation with
an American named Cutler, nbout a boar belonging to
tho II. B. Company, which Cutler had shot, the Chief
Factor, (Air. Dallas, son-in-law of Gov. Douglas) said
ho " could take him to Victoria," or "could have taken
him to Victoria," &c.; to which Cutler replied, " he
might try it on if he liked," &c. You can readily imagine tlie nature of a conversation between n not-over-
refined Englishman and American. You will see, from
tho correspondence, how dooply If. has " put his foot in
it."
If you knew Harney as we. know him, you would the
more readily understand this buncombe step for popularity, you will be surprised, too, if you don't know
him, to learn his reputation and standing among his
brother officers. Be is one of the weakest officers and
most arrant hdmhiigs in the army, and not at all qualified for his position. He is the laughing-stock, whenever ho goes ; and his administration is a scries of blunders and mistakes. He is as callous as a pot-houso
politician, and insensible, I'm afraid, to shame. His
affair with 061. Sumner, bus damned him in tho army;
still he doesn't hesitate to insult his inferiors in rank,
and then shield himself behind his official position.
This is tlie, opinion of nearly every officer in the army.
The exceptions aro his stuff officers, who hold their
places on his staff at his pleasure.
I would send you the correspondence, but have but
the one copy, which I want for reference.
Tlie English authorities have asked only " a joint occupation" until tho matter could be decided by our respective governments. This they aro entitled to, as
long as it is a disputed territory, and such it unquestionably is, and will bo until settled by our respective
governments, But, nol the redoubtable Capt. Pickett
prepared his " army," of about sixty men, and "popgun" mountain howitzers, and forbad the landing of
any English force at their peril I Can you Imagine nny
thing more absurd and ridiculous? Throe English nien-
o'-vvnr within a stone's throw of the laud, capable of
landing 500 soldiers, besides mounting the heaviest,
metal, manned by a thousand sailors, to blow him to
atoms without endangering the loss ofa man.
To the magnanimity and forbearance of the English
naval officers we aro indebted for the preservation of
the lives of this "army," and their valiant. Lilliputian
hero, nnd to the continued pence between the two countries. These officers, I hope, will receive the commendations of our press if not of the. government. Mr.
Cass' well known hostility (and Palmerston is now
premier) may give them and the whole affair the "cold
shoulder," but I trust you will remind him and Harney
uf their duty, nnd will place this blundering, flagrant
outrage in "its proper light before tho people—their
masters. No man of intelligence here, now that the
"hurrah, boys, for the American eagle" has passed
n'i-ay, nnd sober reflection has resumed her sway, sustains II. in his foolish, fash uci.    How can they ?■
ADVERTISEMENTS.
NATHAN  POINTER,
Importer and Dealer in Messrs. Davis' nnd Jones'
PATENT SHIRTS, of New York,
—AND—
L. Atkinson's Improved Shoulder Seam Patern
SHIRTS, ot Philadelphia.
JUST received the latest styles of BALTIC SHIRTS
*J   direct from  London.     Also,   a   fine   lot of pure
Baltic Stockings and Hose, gent's Shaker Flannel, Undershirts and Drawers.
A magnificent assortment of gent's silk Scarfs,
A full  assortment of gent's  superfine   Manchester
GINGHAM SHIRTS,
ON YATES STREET,
Opposite the Bank of B. N, A.,
VICTORIA,    V.   I.
nc is now prepared to offer the largest assortment o
GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS,
ever exhibited in Victoria, comprising all the
latest styles of tho celebrated Davis and
Jones superfine patent white and colored   SHIRTS.
And  is receiving by every steamer those   beautiful
BYEON SHIRTS of all sizes, running from 13 to 20
inches around the neck..
I shall receive Fresh Goods by  every arrival from
London.
Ladies and Gentlemen's Kid Gloves.
.   AVE STUDY TO  PLEASE.
Business hours from 6 A. M. to 10 P. M.
October 4, 1859.
M.   PRAG,
WHOLESALE and Retail Dealers in Hardware,
Agricultural Implements, Bar Iron, Steel and
Iron-AIongery, and Stove and Tinware of every description. Glass and Crockery AVnrc, AVood and Willow
Ware, Ac.
Begs to inform his friends and tho public that ho
has tho largest assortment of the abovo on this Island,
which he offers for sale at the lowest rates.
October 4, 1859, tc
CHEAP    FUEL!!
GREAT REDUCTION IN THE PRICE OF COALS! I
IT10 enable families to supply themselves with Fuel
or the approaching winter, wo shall, until further no-
lice, sell tho best
NANAIMO COALS,
in quantities of ono Ton and upwards at Twelve dollars
per ton of 2,240 pounds.
JOHN
T. LITTLE   &  CO.,
Agent Victoria Conl Company.
A'ictoria, September 23, 1859. lm
A   CARD.
TIIE undersigned takes this opportunity to return his
thanks to Rear-Admiral Robert L. Bayncs, C. B., in
command of the British Naval forces on this station,
also to tho officers nnd men of the ships Ganges, By-
lades, and Plumper, particularly to Commander Hugh
T. Burgoyne, of the the Ganges, who came so kindly to
his assistanco on the morning of the 22nd, ult., when
the American ship Northern Eaglo was discovered to
be on fire, in Esquimalt Harbor;
Tho undersigned will ever retain a lively feeling
of gratitude for the exertions mado to save his property
at that, disastrous hour, nnd for the great kindness and
favors since extended to him, in his endeavors to save
the wreck of the property for the benefit of the underwriters.
THOS. MoKINNEY.     -
Mastor of the American ship Northern Eagle.
Victoria, V. I., October 4, 1859. lin
YOUNG MENS' CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION.
READING ROOMS, Yatcs-street. Tho Committee of
the Yonng Mens' Christian Association, have pleasure in announcing to their friends generally, Had feiu
above rooms are open every evening, Sundays excepted,
from fivo to 10 o'clock.
The Secretary will be in attendance on Tuesday and
Friday evenings, from 8 to 10 o'clock, to enrol sub-
cribors' names. Subscription six shillings or one dollar and a half per quarter. ocl-lm
DICKSON, CAMPBELL, k CO.,
COAIAIISSION    MERCHANTS,   Corner   AVharf   and
Johnston-streets,  Alctoria,   A'.   I.   Dickson,  De
Wolf k Co., Merchant-street, San Francisco.
FAMILY GROCERIES.
MORRIS & CO.. Johnson Street, near Government
Street, are prepared to supply their customers
and the public bv pverysteumer with No. I Fresh Butter.
Chickens, Eggs, and a varied assortment of Family
Groceries. Goods r*ent free of charge to any part of
the city.
HENRY MANLEA', M. D.
Surgeon, &c.
OFFICE  in  Troiince's-allcv,   between   Government
and A'ates-strect, Victoria.
MR. JOHN COPLAND, LAW  CHAMBERS.
rpOWN LOTS, in various quarters, and farming lands
■*• for sale. Money to loan on real estate, in town.
Debts collected, Accounts and Average Statements
adjusted. ] m
fTl   PHELAN, comei of A'ates and Government-streets'
-*-• A'ictoria. dealer in Groceries, Provisions, Crockery
and Glassware. tc
BOOKS! BOOKS 11 .
V-APIER'S PENINSULAR WAR, Hamboldt's Cos-
■" mos, Ures Dictionary of Arts and Sciences ■
Dana's Mineralogy ; Ewbank's Hydraulics ; Moselev's
Mechanics of Engineering; Lyell's Principles and Elements of Geology ; Cyclopir-dia of Commerce ; M'Cnl-
locli's Commercial Dictionary ; Livingstone's Travels ■
Dr. Kane's Explorations; Macanlay's England; Alison's Europe; The British Poets compiled in'three
vols., fevo; the English Translations of the Classics,
comprising the whole works of Tacitus, Xcnophon,
Herodotus, Thncydides, Baker's Livy; Csesar, ana
Sallusl.
Prescott's Works j Irving*."? Works; Nile's Ambro-
siana; the Poetical AVorks of LongfeBow, Hood, Whit-
tier, and nearly all of the modern and Ancient Poets,
variously and handsomely bound.
Histories, Bibles, Commentaries ; Agricultural, Law
Alcdical, Odd Fellow, and Freemasonry Books, Cooking'
Books, Book Keeping, Dictionaries, Chemistry, Astronomy,   School   Aliscellaneous   Books.     Also,   Novels,
qound and in paper covers.
HIBBEN k CARSWELL,
Stationer's Hall, A'ates street.
DAAIUEL   PRICE   k  CO
^J    AVharf-strcect, A'ictoria, A'aneouver Island
Commission   Merchants,
oc4t
J.
SOUTHGATB k MITCHELL
COAIAIISSION MERCHANTS, Albert AVharf, Victoria,
A'aneouver Island, and Battery-street, San Francisco, California.
D. CARROLL, Yatcs-strcct, between  Wharf and
Government-streets, Importer and AVholesalc and
Retail dealer in AVines and Liquors. tc
ROBERTSON STEWART k CO.,
COMMISSION   MERCHANTS,   Victoria,   Vancouver
Island.
NOTICE.
MR. CHAS. AV. WALLACE, Junr., holds our power'
of Attorney, will  represent  our   interests,  and
attend to all business connected with our Firm.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL k CO.
'    Victoria, V. I., 1st October, 1859, lm
NOTICE TO FARMERS AND OTHERS.
!■" BEGO, practical Gardiner and Nursery-man, having
w • obtained the agency for the sale of Fruit, Trees from
some of the best Nurseries in Oregon and California,
wiil be happy to supply farmers and others with the
choicest descriptions of Fruit Trees, at the lowest market prices. J. B. will also attend to the planting out
of trees, if required. All trees planted by him will be
warranted to grow, and true to name. For partictdars
apply at the office of the " New AVestminster Times."
N. B.—Gardens, Orchards, and public parks, will bo
laid out on the best principles, and most reasonable
terms. The fall is the proper season for planting out
trees.
TO   LET.
ASSAY  OFFICE,
Yates street,
Third door above Freeman k   Co.'s Express, A'ictoria. V. I.
ASSAYS OF GOLD, SILVER, and ORES of every
description, promptly and faithfully made, and
returns given within six hours, in Bars or Coin, ut the
option of the depositor. ADVANCE'S MADE ON
COLD DUST FOR MELTING. AVe would respectfully
solicit from Aliners and Dealers their patronage.
As vouchers for the correctness of our Assays, we
refer with permission to the following Bankers, who
for nearly throe years have shipped Bars Assayed by
us (in California,) to Europe nnd the Eastern States :
B. Davidson, San Francisco ; Satiieu k Chi'iich, San
Francisco ; Tam.ant k AVii.de, do.; Abkl Guy, do.;
PAiinoT «t Co., do. j AVblls, Faiiod, k Co., do,, and Freeman & Co.'s Express.
Also, by special permission, wo refer to tho Bank o
British North America, in Victoria.
MARCHAND, Jr., k Co.
BANK   OF   BRITISH   NORTH   AMERICA.
Established in  1836.
Incorporated by Royal Charter in 1840.
CAPITAL £1,000,000.
COURT    OK
Henry Bnrnewnli; Esq.
Thomas H. Brooking, Esq.
Robert Carter, Esq.
AVilliani Chapman, Esq.
William R. Chapman, Esq.
James JohnCuiumins, Esq.
directors:
John Bloxnm Elin, Esq.
Oliver Farrer, Esq.
Alex. Gillespie, Esq.
Sir A. Pellet Green, R. N.
Francis Lo Breton, Esq.
John Ranking, Esq.
rj.ON7.ALO COTTAGE and farm of 700 acres, of
vJ which 50 acres are fenced, and under partial cultivation.   Apply by letter only to
lin JOSEPH I). PEMBERTON.
10,000 lbs. AVHITE  LEAlT^
JEFFRIES   k   BANKS,
Yates Street,
Have   ron  sale
4 LARGE Assortment of AVINDOW GLASS, and
■**■ Artist's Tools and Colors. Oil, Turpentine,' Varnish, Putty, Graining Tools, &e., kc
Also,  a large assortment of AVALL PAPER, Borders nud Alixed Paints.
SELIM   FRANKLIN   k   CO.,
auctioneers and land agents,
A'ates street, A'ictoria.
mOWN LOTS IN VICTORIA AND ESQUIMALT, and
x Farming Lands disposed of at public and private
sale. Surveys, Plans, Deeds, Alortgagcs, and Agreements prepared by competent parties attached to tho
ollice. Merchandise, Household Furniture, &c, disposed of.
Advances made on Consignments.
Gold Dust Purchased.
COMMISSARIAT.
mENDERS nro invited for supplying the following nr-
■*- tides, in such quantities ns may be required during the next three months ut each of the places named
The prices to be stated in English currency.
At Commissariat Store, New At Victoria.
AVoRtminster.   [All  duties
and carriage to be paid by
the trader.]
Address, with samples, duly numbered to correspond
with the Tender to me at this Office.
BRITISH WEIGHTS   AND   MEASURES.
BBCHRTARV,
Charles M'N'ab, Esq.
rankers:
Tho Bank of Euglnud,
Messrs. Glyn, Mills k Co.
K8TARLI8HMENT8 IN TnB COLONIES.
GENERAL Manager, Thomas Paton, Esq.
Querec, Canada.
Dundas, Canada.
Drantford,   do
London,        do
St. Jouns, New Brunswick,
Halifax, Nova Scotia, and
Victoria, V. I.
agents in new vork :
Alcssrs. R. C. Fergusson, F. 11. Grain, & C. F. Smith
29 AVilliam Street.
Montreal,
Ottawa,
Kingston,
Toronto,
Hamilton,
do
do
do
do
do
Ten—black,
Sugar—brown,
Coffee—ground,
Soap—English yellow
Pepper—black, ground,
Mustard—ground,
Candles—Palmer's English  do
Matches—boxes, -       do
Oil—lamp, -       -       do
per
do
do
do
do
do
1000 lbs.
1000 lbs.
1000 lbs.
1000 lbs.
100 lbs.
100 lbs.
100 lbs.
1 gross.
100 galls.
W. DRISCOLL GOSSET,
Acting Commlssnry.
0
VICTORIA BRANCH.
Temporary Offices,  Government Street.
Gold Dust and Bills of Exchange Purchased.
DRAFTS ISSUED ON
London,
New York,
San Francisco,
Canada,
New Brunswick,
Nova Scotia, and
On the Branches of the Provincial Bank of Ireland,
and tho National Bank of Scotland.
JJ6j?° Office hours—10 a. m. to 3 p. m.; nnd Saturdny,
10 a. in. to 1 p.m.
P. AV. AVOOD, Manngor.
FORT HOPE READING ROOM AND LIBRARY.
SEVERAL FRIENDS to tho diffusion of knowledge
und social intercourse amongst Miners, Traders and
merchants, kc, on tho Fraser River, are anxious to
establish a Reading Room and Library at Fort Hope.
Fort Hope is a central position of Importance in
British Columbia, and tho best at present for furthering the abovo objects. The project ofa Reading Room
in connexion with a Circulating Library, is one which
cannot fail to be bonefioinl to those for whoso use it is
intended, but it is ono which cannot bo carried out
solely by the residents without assistance from other
quarters.
Tho sum of $400 is required for the purchase of a
House and Lot in everyway convenient, but the time
allowed for the purchase at this price is short. The
honorary Secretary earnestly asks the assistance of
that large class of persons who aro benefitted directly
or indirectly by the connexion of the two Colonies of
British Columbia and Vancouver Island, for their kind
help in any direction they may think (it.
The regular subscription will be for the first month
$5 each person, and $1 a month afterwards.
Respectable and readable newspapers of various
nations and politics, together with all the standard
Reviews and Periodicals, will be taken.
Donations have been promised by the following:—
His Excellency the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General and the Chief Justice of
British Columbia. Rev, J. Cridge, H. P. Crease, Esq.,
Montague Drake, Esq., J. O'Reilly, Esq., J. P., J. Ogilvy,
Esq., H. B. C, Victoria. Philip Nind, Esq., J. Smith,
Esq., T. L. Stahlschmidt, Esq., R. A. Pitman, Esq.,
Fort Hope. — Saunders, Esq., J. P., — Gaggin, Esq.,
Esq., — Elliott, Eivti^'ale.
Subscriptions witrboreceived at Victoria by the Rev.
R. Dundas, chaplain to the Bishop.
A. 0. PRINGLE,
Honorary Secretary.
Sept. lath, 1SW.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL & CO.
FFER for   sale, ex steamer  "FORAVOOD," and
recent arrivals—
Irish Pork and Butter,
Bacon and Hams,
Ale, in bulk and bottle,
Porter, in bottle,
Dark Brandy, in hhds.,
Port and Sherry Winos,
Champagne, in pints and quarts,
Claret Wine, in cases,
Sugar, brown and crushed,
Rice, Carolina and China,
Blankets and Clothing,
Boots and Shoes,
Canvas, Twine and Rope,
Tinware,
Oilman's stores.
15, 1859. lm
Sept
NOTICE.
T ITAA'E this day sold all my right, title, nnd interest
* In the late Copartnership of Capiion * Hartbr to
Gabriel Galt Capron, who will satisfy all claims
ngaints tho firm, nnd receive payment of debts due to
them.
JOHN COPLAND, HENRY HARTER.
Witness. lm
SACRAMENTO HOUSE,
Waddington street, near Yates street.
rrnilS HOUSE has been newly fitted up and entirely
-*■ renovated, and is conducted on the European Plan.
The TABLE will be supplied with the best the Jlarkct
affords.
Board and Lodging  $1 00
Singlo  Meals ,     0 50
The travelling public are requested to call.
ANDREAV ASTRICO.
VULCAN   IRON
T. A. Monkhouso,
S. Aitken,
AVORKS   CO.
P. Torquet,
C. R. Steigor.
STEAM ENGINE   BUILDERS, Boiler Makers,  Iron
Founders, and General Engineers, First Street, near
Gas Works, San Francisco.
Steamboat Machinery built and repaired ; also, Saw,
Flour, and Quartz Mills, Pumping and Mining Machinery, kc, kc
Proprietors of Morse's Patent Fire Grates.
Right to Manufacture Tyler's Patent Scroll Water
Wheel.
E. H. King, Agent in Victoria.
DIVINE SERVICE.
f\S and after Sunday next, Sept. 25^h, Divine Service
" according to the rights and ceremonies of tho
Church of England, will bo held nV tho Police Court,,
in the morning at 11 o'clock, arid'' in the evening at
30 minutes p*£ST ti o'clock. >
The clergyman will attend at the same place on Sunday morning, from 9 to 10, a. ni„ iu order to receive the
names of children for whom Sunday histruciion may
bo desired. se-J4-lia
i .
I,
-
'
I
Ih
I'll
•r
f
MM
mms
m THE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   TIMES.
r
literator*.
i,
ON THE BIRTH OF  A LITTLE GIRL.
ORIGINAL.
Lo ! bounty sloops upon hor infunt brow,
And lighl is beaming from hor op'ning eye;
And hope is shedding its trunsconilunt glow,
O'er the young hour of dawning destiny!
Swoot little heir of thousand hopes and fears,
May no dark blight, thy rising bloom destroy;
See thy fond parents smiling through their tours,
ITuil the precious pledge of future joy I
Oh ! yes, for them thy little tongue shall frame
The tirst Imperfect word it strives to say,
Ami when religion thy young thoughts shall claim,
Their voice shall teach thy spotless lips to pray—
Their blinds shall guide thy wiind'ring footsteps
right,
Their love shall weary heaven with prayers for
thee,
Their fond example bo thy guiding light,
And thou tho star to guide their destiny.
* II. K.
PEERS  AND  PROTEGEES.
Chapter I\'.
In a large old-fashioned garden, whero roses in hedgerows, blossoming trees, and evergreen shrubs, with
every garden flower, grow in such wild profusion us In
make the soft nir redolent of perfume, stood n young
girl, twining a honeysuckle round a branch which was
almost beyond her reach.
Hue ringlet of her dark brown hair had become entangled iii the flowers, nnd by endeavoring to extricate
it, tho comb hud fallen which supported hor hinder
tresses.
A .-mile, pnrtnking bulb of mirth nnd perplexity,
beamed on her youthful features, us she raised her
laughing eyes, of a starry blue, to tho unfortunate curl.
Suddenly n wcll-remombcrcd voice broke on her cur,
und wilh a vigorous bound, which brought lhc odorous
blossoms from their stems, she sprung into the extended
arms of n tall nnd hiindsomo man who closely folded
hor to his breast,
"Oh, Reginnldl you saucy fellow, to come upon mo
so unexpectedly; Nevertheless, I am glad lo see you
home again. .Mercy, whatnmnn you look!—what mustaches you havo got!'' she snid, suspending her caresses in unfeigned surprise.
'■ Vou forgot, dourest Constance," smiling fondly at
her look of wonderment, " how many years have passed,
nnd whnt stirring scenes I  have boon engaged in since
wo parted,  though I believe   I  si have expected to
find you ns unchanged us this dear place, from the astonishment I feel hi finding you so grown."
'• You ure more changed than ! nm, depend upon it,
Reginald. Why, if your eyes wore not so soft, your
video so gentle, I should bo quite afraid of you," and
think some dauntless Tomplar knight was come' to spirit
mo away."
"Do I look so very terrible?" ho asked, with a bright
insinuating smile, bonding his handsome face to a level
wilh her own.
'• Why, I don't know," she said hesitatingly; l; 1
rather think you must bo a dangerous associate for
young Indies—that wheedling look, und those ebon
curls may do a grout deal of mischief."
lie pressed tho little hand that was playing with his
hair, afl'cctionatoly lo his lips, on- ho replied, " I must
nol toll my little sister what I think of her, lost 1 should
spoil ihe .sweet simplicity of character which was ever
her greatest charm."
" Ibi not bo afraid, 1 can hardly grow too vain when
pupa is constantly assuring mo that I am not fit to be
traiiibeiirer lo cousin Blanche; so tell mo how you
think I look'.' Vol no. your praise would go for nothing
because you have never soon your lovely cousin."
"Cousin?" ho replied, indignantly,
" Well, I «ill nol call her so, since you dislike it. but
I was not aware you would enter inio our scheme so
readily."
'■ What scheme V   asked Reginald.
There was a light in her brother's eye, a proud and
scornful smile upon his finely chiseled lip as his stately
head was slightly elevated, which rather disconcerted
her. but on his repealing the enquiry iu a moro gentle
lone, she gathered courage and resumed, "AVhy, papa
hoped—indeed, we all Imped—that dear Blanche might
be prevailed upon through you to givo us a nearer,
dourer claim on hor affections."
" I might have guessed ns much from the simple fact
that every letter I received was full of hor praise," said
Reginald; "but did it never occur to you that the difficulty lay not with her, but mo to yield to such a misalliance?"
•• .No : because I thought when once you saw hor, vou
would lull in love wilh her as u thing of course—everybody docs."
•■ Bui 1 am not to bo judged by common rules, neither
inn I gb.cn lo fulling in love ; indeed to use the words
of the immortal bard, ' I do much wonder that ono man,
seeing how much another man is a fool when ho dedicates his behaviours to love, will, after he hath laughed
at such follies in others, become tho argument of his
own scorn by falling in love.'"
"I apprehend they cannot help it, poor souls!" answered Const 'o.    "I've heard 'that marriage comes
by destiny,' und if similarity of tastes, pursuits, und
feelings have anything to do with bringing people together, your lot is linked wilh Blanche Beaufort's. Do
not look so angry, dear brother; if I wore the good
fairy who guides your destiny. I could not givo unto
you a more lovely and accomplished wife, a more intelligent und intellectual companion.    Vou would "
" Detest hor, Constance! If there he a character I hate
and despise, it is a learned woman, for sho leaves her
heart uncultivated, destitute of those virtues and gentler
graces which arc woman's greatest charm, lo fill her
mind with knowledge iu a vain attempt to copo with
man's superior powers of thought and comprehension.
But come, you have lauded hor beauty and understanding to the skies, say something now'in praise of her
heart."
" Do not urge mo losl I should say it is too good for
)'"'•     I do not quite mean that, however;  but us I am
loo much provoked lo continue the subject with temper
I will follow your loud, und sny  'that if ever thou dost '
fall from this faith, thou wilt prove a notable argument!' !
I lark ! that is n carriage, surely?"
" Mine, no doubt,' said Reginald,"! alighted al the
cross-road, and ran along the fields like a  schoolboy
come homo for vacation, lo save lhc time which I have !
idled hero with you ;   but if you're us fleet us vou used j
to be. we shall roach the hall-door now beforo the cur- |
Dingo gives notice of my arrival."
The quick eye of affection had recognised Ihe no-
pronching equipage, and both the anxious parents wore
on their way to receive him.
" Why, my dear Reginald I" exclaimed Lord Edward :
after the first inarticulate expressions of delight; " mv '
noble I how changed you aro I so tall. so muscular I I '
can hardly recognise Iho slender stripling who took I
leave of us some seven years ago 1 V„u l,„„i a B0ldicr !
every inch, and very unlike the little fellow who used I
to delight his grandfather by brandishing his sword i
and declaring -ho would lie a hero, and fight for his'
country !'"
"Changed, Edward I how can yon say so?" asked
his wife. " Hero is the same frank expression, tho noble during on the brow, tho brimming smile upon tho
lip. which won your dear old father's heart."
"I am glad you say so, mother," replied Reginald
•' for Constance likened me to some grim, blood-thirsty
knight, nnd with such un aspect that I hud almost got I
a terror ol myself..'
" Aou are not altered, my dear Reginald ;  1 should I
know that smile  among ten thousand I   but we havo
never soon ydji in uniform before, and forgot to cidcu- I
late on the change it must effect.
After some little time spout in  affectionate chat and ;
lively repartee, they separated to dross for dinner.
In the evening Constance played and sung to gratify
her brother, who was most passionately fond of music
and a proficient on many instruments;  she had gone
through  several   piocos uninterruptedly,  but oil her
touching n  false nolo in one  which was more difficult |
than tho rest, her father exclaimed: '-Vou arc murder- j
ing that beautiful air, Constance; never attempt to play
il again, for Blanche alone can give effect to such variations us those!"
She turned her laughing eyes on Reginald to sec how-
he bore it, and was amused to find him sitting with his
lips so firmly compressed as to indicate that no slight
portion of stern resolution was required to keep some
dissentient words from escaping their closed portals.
•' Dear girl, how 1 miss her.'' continued Lord Edward.
not heeding his Bon's taciturnity; •• she roads me all
tho parliamentary debates with such a soft and clear
enunciation that ery syllable is distinctly heard,
whilst that good-for-nothing, undutiful girl, who is
milking faces by your side, raises and fulls her voice in
such a way that I urn stunned at tlie beginning and bewildered lit tho end of every sentence. Sho glances
down the pages, too, to see what sho can skip, and
loaves thereby a false impression on my mind, nay, she
not unfrcquently changes the names, and blends the
speeches of Iho different members in a most deplorable
manner. Now, dour Blanche takes such an interest in
politics, and"—
A perfect burst of merriment from Constance broke
the thread of culogium which would have followed, and
Lord Edward roused by tho interruption, beheld his sou
striding rapidly across tho park, with Ihe air of one
who had suffered some greut personal indignity.
Tho following weeks passed swiftly and pleasantly
away in visiting tho county families, among whom the
Murrays wore hold in high estimation, and many young
hearts heal with a quicker pulsation ns the military step
of the gallant captain sounded on their oar. und the
deep blush with which tho slightest mark of attention
from him was recieved could not fail to kindle the
spark of vanity within his proud, unfettered heart.
Ladies there were nol wanting iiinong so largo a circle
who resolved lo try what "a bold stroke fora husband"
would effect, and a family of this description had boon
slaving ul Clydesdale Priory; and Reginald, whoso
ideas of female decorum wore rigid in the extreme,
wns so postered liy their undisguised affection, and
their unblushing effrontery, that ho spent the greater
purl of his time in his own apartments, though ho was
naturally domestic, fond of society, und peculiarly qualified to grace it.
Un lhc morning following their departure, Reginald,
congratulating himself that he was once moro free to
roam unmolested through a wider range of space than
the south-east wing of the old building, rose early, with
a resolution of enjoying (lie freshness of Iho morning
air—which ho had been deterred from doing from a dislike of encountering the forward girls, whoso voices iu
loud laughter, and yet louder serenade, sounded so discordantly beneath his bedroom window, lie hud been
up some time, and traversed with his active slops some
miles of soft lawn turf, when he was roused from his
meditations—which wero not certainly on the charms
of womankind—by tho voice of Constance warbling a
lively song; on seeing him she stopped, and holding up
her hands with a look which, but for a mischievous
twinkle in the corner of cneli eye, would have been
sympathising, exclaimed. "Alas, dour Reginald, it is as
I feared ; thoughts of the fair Helena have banished
sleep, nnd your poor lionrt is rcstlesss ns your feet—but
she may not bo obdurate. Ah I by that dispairing
countenance I see you fear sho will. Huburthen, then
your heart, dear brother, and let mo condole with
you—"
" Rejoice, '.on moan Hint I have regained mv liberty."
••Ah, that liberty I From the patriot to tho renegade,
it is a jewel of price, nnd yet how quickly it is bartered
for a beam from woman's eye."
'•Heyday, Aliss Constance I those are pretty sentiments for a young lady of sixteen to entertain, but it all
comes of your father's whim of permitting you to mix
freely in society. I thought, from a part of a conversation I hoard between you and that smirking young
fop, Heathcoate, yesterday, that astronomy wns tho
subject under discussion, us I hoard something about
celestial bodies and the music of tho spheres, but I am
now inclined to think the words will boar a different
application."
" Ves, those compliments were rather neatly turned,"
said Constance ; " i shall bring him on by-and-bye, for
lie really is decent looking. Oh, there's nothing I i
enjoy so much as bringing out a young Adonis I Do
pays a compliment to your lingering should you be at
the piano, examining his scientifically pointed nails at
the sumo moment—should ho chance to bo bosido you,
and opposite to a pior-glass, ho pronounces hid situation
of all others the most enviable ; if '
"Constance, Constance!" exclaimed Reginald, "1
really cannot suffer you to go on in such a strain ;
there's nothing I dislike moro than satire, though unhappily it is one of tho prevailing foibles of the day.
Can you not find some bolter subject lo entertain mo
with after so long an absence 1"
" I thought it was the place of Iho gentleman to start
matter for conversation."
"Ahem! Vou really are not quite so young as I
thought. .Suppose you fancy me a juvenile Adonis ; I
should much like to know your system of drawing out,
alias extracting flattery from such gawky lads. That
shake of the head indicates u negative. What shall 1
do ?—fight till my battles o'er again for your aniuso-
uicnt','"
"I am not particularly fond of war, so you shall talk
to inc of love instead. Come now, for once let .Mars
givo. phico to Cupid in your thoughts, and toll me hon-
estly, did you never fall in  love ?"
" Never, on my honor I and, my dour Constance, do
not again make use of that most absurd of nil expression.-. 1 cannot fancy it possible for any man of sense
or reason to become instantaneously enamored of n
woman, with whom ho was the previous moment unacquainted, und such I understand to be tho meaning of
tho cunt term 'to full in love.' But although a confirmed bachelor myself, I can imagine that u man who
has no dear female relatives to perforin any little net
of kindness or attention, may, if thrown constantly
into the society ofa pure-minded, amiable woman, conceive an attachment to her, after u long and intimate
knowledge of her character aud disposition ; but to
yield a heart with all its warm and gonrous impulses
into tho keeping ofa stranger, because she bus u fairer
face '.ban her companions, appears io mo a species
of insanity,"
'•That you think people have power lo control their
affections is evident from that delightfully reasonable |
speech of yours." replied Constance, ''so wo will not
argue on that point : but is it possible ihnl you who
are such an admirer of inanimate beauty should bo
insensible to Iho superior loveliness of womankind?"
" I look on a beautiful woman us on a lino statue,
and admire 111" skill of Iho Divine Sculptor who called
hor into life und being by a word ; oilier impressions I
have never known, except, perhaps, a regretful feeling
Ihnl beauty of person should bo so constantly united
with weakness of intellect, or doformity of I, mp< r."
■• I fear, Reginald, you musl have moved wilh tlie
lowest and boscsl of our sex to havo formed so harsh
and Unjust an opinion of us; unless, indeed," s.ho
added in a lighter tone, '-you have been victimized by
one of those unfortunate beings who possess n demon's
heart within an em ,i r form. '
" Wrong in both suppositi
a being us you describe I I
tune lo moot v. ilh in roil lib
enough in novels; and the le
Willi have boon of the hlgln
ished reputation.   Those am
politics, science, or litcraturo, have u. mania for physic ;
and a hoydon Diana is scarcely moro insupportable
than a half-dead hypochondriac, who is incessantly
lamenting the weakness of her nerves or digestion."
"That's bad onough, 1 own," said Constance, "for
Lady Neuralgia has tried my pationco often : but surely
all women cannot l>e classed under those heads?"
"Nol  There nro the theologians, who aro almost as
argumentative as the politicians, some others who can
talk only of their servants und lap-dogs, a few who ore -
ioo bashful to speak at all, besides an infinite number of !
waxen-faced dolls, all smiles nnd simplicity without, Bel-
fishness nnd ignorancowithin, and whoso conversation is I
a tolerably woll-balancod compound ol Bontimcntality \
and detraction."
n i, dear Constauco ; such
VO never had Iho rnisfor-
though I bey are common
, women I havo associated
. l rank and mod unblem-
>ii" them who do not affect
Having delivered himself of these sentimonts, which
sounded so discordantly in Constance's ear.-, he was
marching oil when she laid hold of his arm, "Stop,
slop, I've almost lost breath through listening to such
vile detraction—detraction which you condemn, forsooth
—to think that you, a sworn defender of our gracious
Queen, you—wearing the sword ot valor and spurs of
knighthood—should deny the supremacy of love, and
demean yourself irreverently to beauty and our lady,
presuming rather to criticise and condemn than reverence nnd do homage to charms such as in more chivalrous time.-- lost .Mark Anthony the world I Stay, though :
I have some .-kill in palmistry, lot mo see if this un-
courtly indifference to that sex that Alilton allirms to
ho'wisest, viriuousest, discrectest, best,' is likely to
influence your whole life, or whether, us I hope and believe, it will turn out to bo only a passing cloud, darkening for n brief period the clearness of your mind's
horizon—come I"
Reginald, to humor her whim, placed his hand in
hers ; and, after having, with great seeming attention
and much unintelligible niiitt', ring, run hor lingers over
the linos iu his palm, she looked into his face with a
cunning Gypsy-like expression, and in emphatic intonation chanted—
.Many once-happy hearts aro now pining for thee,
And tear-drops are gushing o'er eyes that wore bright,
Whilst you move among them so careless nnd free,
Take in bounty no pleasure, in love no delight.
But heed the Sybil! Soon shall bond
Thy lofty head at beauty's shrine,
And Love its magic power shall lend
To vanquish that proud heart of thine,
Though now 'gainst love and beauty Btecl'd
Soon lo a simple maid thoul't yield.
It would be going too far to assort that Reginald
placed any faith in his sister's impromptu prediction,
yet tlie clumsy versos made un impression on his mind
of u deep ami unpleasant nature; and to shako it off,
he asked of her. who was now standing by his side
silently watching his countenance, whether she had not
planned ihe scene, and slriing the lines together in anticipation of il.
"Un my.honor, nol Reginald; the words rose spontaneously to mv lips, and I was as ignorant us yourself
of their purport uulil they wore uttered, 1 do not deny,
however, I bill they are expressive of ray wishes, for I'd
givo my little finger lo seo you full desperately over
head and ours iu love.''
"Thank you, your energy convinces mo oi your sin-
certy; but you accused mo of pride just now—think
you iliut love would make me humble?"
'■It would at least convince you that you wore not
more infallible than other men," said Con-lance, "and
instead of listening to the soft nonsense'addressed to
myself,! should bo listening to the Bwcot things you
were whispering to tho lady of your love."
'• That ns regards yourself, it is my opinion, Ihe only
good which could result from such a debasement," re-
replied Reginald. "A full must boa lowering process ;
but 1 am nol quite sure that I should prefer my tender
ebullitions being overboard by your most mischievously
disposed and critically precise auricular members,
which arc over wide open, and ravenous for entertainment. I acquit you of selfishness, however, and only
say. i- I would my horse had the speed of your tongue;
nnd so good a continucr I"
'■There's an implication I    A'ou deserve "
Constance was hero interrupted, for nt that moment
'■'■ footman came to summon them to the breakfast table,
whore Lord and Lady Edward awaited their appearance.
The post-bag had boon opened and its contents distributed; a voluminous looking letter, which strongly
excited Constance's curiosity, lay on the cloth beside
Captain Murray's plate, and her father was intently
perusing n short but, judging from the peculiarly delighted expression which pervaded his whole countenance, most satisfactory cpistlo. Having finished reading
il, ho gave it over to his wife. ,: I have very agreeable intelligence for you, Reginald," ho said ; " it is a
letter from your aunt, announcing her intention of
visiting us next week. Blancho of course accompanies
her, and nothing will givo mo greater pleasure than
introducing you to ouch other." But Reginald was
immersed in his lengthy epistle, and made no reply to
what, perhaps ho did not hoar, nnd his father continued
"I nm quite ashamed that for ton long years I should
havo held no communication with my only sister
merely because she would not yield to my entreaties,
and place the infant she hud vowed to protect and
cherish, within the cold and dreary walls of the Foundling Asylum. And what could make me urge that
request so strenuously, and feel so violently angry at
hor refusal, is, and bus always boon, a mystery to mo.
Heaven knows my heart, I wanted not her wealth
either for myself or my children, so 1 suppose it was
the abominable Murray pride which made mo take such
implacable haired to tho little unoffending foundling—
a hatred which, I fear, imparted itself to your young
mind, Reginald ; ns to all our descriptions of the dour
and girl, the manner of our complete reconciliation,
you have never vouchsafed one word of comment,
Surely tho account wo gave you of her character, and
her personal and mental perfections, must havo excited
your curiosity at least to behold the possessor of so
many virtues?"
" To own the truth, my dear father," roplied Reginald, "I have a detestation of beauties and prodigies ;
nnd everybody who comes under that denomination,
from the Scottish Queen to the infunt Sappho, bus my
utter abhorrence."
'• If I hud known your prejudices I would not have
dwelt so forcibly on the merits of my favorite."
"It does not matter in tho least," said Reginald; "I
soon found out whnt part of the loiter she occupied,
and .»
" Spared yourself the fatigue of reading' any further,
I suppose?" interrupted his father.
"Not exactly; but 1 own I scanned over the distasteful Bubjoct ns lightly as I could, und so little impression
have your highflown description left upon my mind
that I should bo at a loss to nnine one distinguishing
trait of feature or of mind."
" AA'ell, I did not think a son of mine could bo such
a cold, insensible being.'-'
" Not so, indeed, dour father ; you forgot that those
loiters wore received in tho very seat of war, and road,
perhaps, upon the eve or at tho termination of a buttle,
when my heart and head wore full of far more important mutter than Ihe length ofa foot or color of an
eyebrow I But will not my dour mother lake my
part'.'"
"Not against Blanche, Reginald.    Oh, nol against
II lo in In-," replied his mother; "dear, inexplicably,
inexpressively dear is that SWCCt girl to me I She won
my affections tho lirsl moment I saw her. and my own
children aro seureely more precious to my heart I"
'• Why she has cast u spell over all around hor," ox-
claimed Reginald ; " I shall most certainly seek means
for having tho evil spirit exorcised."
-Sho is a spirit of light, of purity, of loveliness ;
and you will feel her influence before many days havo
winged their flight over your unbelieving head—it will
be love at first sight, I do believe I"
"So I think, dour mother," snid Constauco; "and I
am perfectly delighted to hoar that he lias no recollection of tho letters which described her so minutely.
Promise mc, papa, that you will notgive him a single
hint of her appearance; and if 1 don't havo a bit of
fun, my nnmo is not Constance Murray I Let mo seo—
they arrive on   Thursday; nnd   then   Reginald   will
"No; I shall not go before. AVilloughby has lately
come into possession of an estate in the Emerald Isle,
and bo is very urgent that I should go with him to see
it. My aunt's visit has decided me on accepting his
proposal."
"Nonsense, my dear I" said his father; "givo over
jesting; you cannot mean to act like n cowardly poltroon, and use your legs to escape Iho danger which a
bolder man would brave; besides, what motive can
you assign for leaving so abruptly?"
"The true ono! Constance unwarily informed mo
this morning that a scheme—totally inimical to my
comfort, happinoss, and honor—of uniting me to Lady
Blancho Beaufort's protegee has entered your mind,
and would receive the utmost support you, my mother,
or herself could give it I Now, as 1 have no desire to
figure in tho daily papers as 'Benedict, the married
man,' and have, moreover, a decided objection to the
ignoble wife you have selected for me, 1 imagine the
wisest thing I can at present do will be to shun an intercourse which can only "terminate in disappointment
to your hopes, and spare myself the endurance of all
the jests, jokes, and stratagems, which Constance would
think it such fine fun to tense mo with."
This speech was altogether disagreeable to all his
auditors, but one word grated most harshly on the curs
of Lady Edward, who exclaimed, '-Ignoble! Let mo
tell vou, Reginald, the adopted daughter of Lady
Blanche Beaufort would bo no ignoble bride for the
highest nobleman in England. Rich, beautiful, amiable,
and talented, what can man desire more?"
'• What she can never gain," replied Reginald ;
"poverty may be remedied ; beauty may be dispensed
with ; amiability may be acquired; talents may be
cultivated; but" a pure descent, an unsullied name is
above all price. This unknown girl mny biyfflt.flUij'ht.
I know, both fair and virtuous in herself, but the dark
stain of illegitimacy rests upon her, and shuts her out
from all society.
" Nonsense, Reginald," said his mother ; " so far
from being shut out from society, it has been determined that she shall enjoy it to tho utmost—nay, you
may smile, but we have arranged that Constance and
she, being about the sumo ago, shall bo presented at
the sumo time ; but not next season, so you need not
be afraid that 1 shall bring your sister out too early."
"That mischief has been done already, and the
effect of it isjrisiblo enough, for a more arrant coquette
I never met with. She read mo a homily against pride,
und I'm sure I may return the compliment by n lecture
upon coquetry, but it is not too late to mend, and I
have hopes that her thousand good qualities, us she
said ibis morning to me, will soon get Ihe bettor of the
one great failing. Her welfare, though, is very dear
to me ; and you, dearest mother, must know that her
success in life depends very materially upon tho manner in which she enters it. Is it wise. then, to Bel ul
naught the opinions and prejudices of the world, and
sull'or your only daughter io appear iu public constantly accompanied by, and on terms of tho strictest
friendship and equality with tho base-born, vulgar
object of my aunt's adoption? Hon can you expect
her to make a distinguished marriage, degraded by
such mi association ? What man of principle or refinement would select as a wife, the companion of one
whose vi-ry nature is incorporated with disgrace and
immorality—ono who is indebted to the bounty of a
stranger for everything, oven her very name'.''' continued Captain .Murray, pacing- up and down the room
with stops quickening in proportion lo his augmenting
anger. "And what a name! how ill chosen I ill applied I Blanche! the loveliest female appellation,
indicating fairness, beauty, truth, and virtue,—and
Beaufort, one of the most renowned and ancient names
among tlie English aristocracy."
" Then your aunt has shown both wisdom and foresight in the choice," replied his mother; "for among
iho nobles of our hind she will ono day tako her station, and privileged and happy will be he who gives
lustre to his rank by bestowing it on her. As tho
acknowledged heiress of the Abbey of Wiillhmn, she
will have access to the highest circles, und her personal
beauty and fascinating manners would grace tho
proudest and most, refined court in Europe. Your harsh
expressions. Reginald, have given me severe pain, but
1 forgive you, knowing that they came nol from your
heart, but from your head, which, as Constauco says,
is a littlo turned by the flattery and adulation you have
received. But your whim of living u bachelor is all
nonsense; you cannot seriously intend to act upon it?"
'• I do indeed, dear mother—
" It joys me, I confess,
To pass good days in blissful singleness.
Such has aye boon my bent, from wedlock free,
To live suns cure, a life of liberty I"
"Of shivery, rather I" exclaimed Lord Edward', "for
there arc not stronger fetters in a country gaol than
those which encircle the mind and body of that oh!
bachelor who—such is the blindness of man—glories
all the while in his fancied freedom. He is tho slavo of
habit, the slave of indolence, tho slave of his passions,
and the slave of his housekeeper, And you may say
what you will, Reginald, but you cannot convince mo
that such n life can bo a happy one, or at all accordant
with your domestic habits, warm affections, and love of
sympathy I No I there never can be a paradise for you
without a daughter of Evo within it ; and homo would
bo only a place to eat and drink, to sit nnd sleep in,
without the hallowing charm of a woman's presence.
By your own confession you often felt dull and out of
sorts in London, oven when your friend AVilloughby
was always at your elbow, and invitations thick ns hail
wore showered upon you."
" But there is a groat sameness, an unsatisfying void
in a London life, when compared with tho excitement
and activity of a camp, which I could not fail to feel
on my first return," replied Reginald; " hut now 1 have
got used to it, my pleasure in all my old pursuits lias
revived, and I mn very sorry to lie obliged to leave this
dour old place and all 1 love so much, because I cannot permit mysi 'f to countenance the scheme on which
your hopes av Jet. I never thwarted your wishes before, dear father, and it grieves me to do so now, but
our affections arc not in our own power, and it wore
paying your favorite but a doubtful complimont to offer
a hand without u heart, even if I could make up my
mind to sacrifice myself to your desires."
"AVhy need it be a sacrifice, dear Reginald?" Because from having dwelt remote from women, and been
too much engaged to think of love, you have imbibed a
notion that you will never feel it, forgetting that 'love
resembles war in this, that a soldier, though he bus
escaped three weeks clour o'Saturday night, may nevertheless bo shot through the heart on Sunday morning,'
and Blancho is the most likely person I over' mot with
to make you forswear your cold-hearted stoicism and
bachelor resolves! Only see her, my boy—wait and
spend one single day iu hor company, and if then you
wish to go, my blessing shall attend you 1"
There was a powerful struggle in poor Murray's
breast, prido and prejudice, on one side, duly and filiul
love upon tho other; which party would have boon
victorious is impossible to say, for Constance, who
dourly loved her brothor, frightened by the pallid hue
of his countenance, caino eagerly to tlie rescue, and
terminated tho conflict by saying—"Do not urge it,
dear dapa, let him have, for once his way. Do you not
see thai ho would "go on the slightest errand now to
tho Antipodes; fetch you a toothpickor from tho farthest inch of Asia; bring you tho length of Prosier
John's foot; fetch you a hair off Iho grout ('hum's
board: do you any ombii8sago to tho 1'igniios, rather
than hold three words' conference wilh this harpy I"
A quotation from Shakspearo was, as Constance
knew, always irresistible lo Lord Edward, who answered laughingly in tho same strain, "AVoll, let him
go then, und from my heart 1 hope he will come hack
1 with a loan cheek, a blue eye, an unqucstionablospirit,
ti board neglected, hoso ungartcrcd, bonnet unhanded,
sleeve unbuttoned, shoo untied,' and manifesting all
the careless desolation in Ids attiro which my dour old
favorite declares to be the evidence of a man in love!"
(to nk continued.)
- u	
Aiimstiioxo's LoifO Hanoi;.—A few days ago, says
tho " Athoiiieiini, wc i,uw the range and accuracy of
tho new Armstrong gun tested, in away which demands a
note. Cooling ourselves on tho Essex const, near the
artillery praelising-ground, wo wero asked to see the
firing, and while Ibis goes slowly and solemnly on, one
of them spins n flight of geese far out lo son. " There,
they light on you sandbank I" l'p go u dozon glasses.
A'os ; there they flicker in the sun, grey and white, mere
spooks in tho blue sou air. Load the gun—load at tho
brooch—poise—touch—hang! Boat oil' there to the
sands ! A signal tolls the tale. Tho shot lias struck the
swarm—a life is taken from the flight, and this at six
miles seven furlongs from the mouth of the gun I A
shot as well aimed from Primrose Hill should hit tho
ball on Greenwich Observatory, or, if fired from Richmond Park, should bring down a rider in Rotten-row,
Here is a fact worth the attention ot those Austrian
engineers who have just come to London to study our
new artillery, und learn how to defend Verona against
the Frank.
I M P 0 It T A N T .
PUBLIC SALE OF RURAL LANDS AND SUBtfi.
BAN LOTS,
QITUATE in tho neighborhood of New AVestniinsti-i-
IO British Columbia. Upset price of Rural Landj
Ton Shillings per Acre.   Upset price of Suburban Lob
Twenty Pounds. '
The Rural Land has boon recently surveyed info
sections containing about 160 aeros each. The position
and acreage of the Rural Land und Suburban Lots h
shewn on the map which mny be soon at the office of
Lands and Works. Now Westminster, British Columbia
and at the Land ollice, A'ictoria, Vancouver's Island,
All the Land and Lots will lie sold on WEDNESDAY
the nth day of OCTOBER, by Public Auction, at New
Westminster, under tho following conditions of sale:—
1. Tho highest bidder shall be the purchaser.
2. No person shall advance loss limn Is. per acre
for Rural Land, and lis. per lot for Suburban Lots.
3. The Rural Lands have been recently surveyed
off into sections of about l(Jl) acres, the purchaser shall
pay 10s. per acre for ouch section, according to Hie
acreage of each section, us stilted in the Plan, and
shall accept sueh section as containing tlie acreage so
stated, and as  situate us  delineated  in  the Plan ni>
error or miscalculation shall render the purchaser
liable to pay moro, or shall entitle the purchaser to
vacate tho Bale, or to claim  tho repayment of any part
I of his purchase money.
•I. The purchase money shall bo paid into the
| Treasury ns follows :
For Rural Land, 2'> per cent, at Iho timo of sale.
Twenty-five percent, within one month of iho sale.
Fifty per cent, within two year- from the sale.
Km- Suburban Lois,
Twenty-five per cent, at tho time of salo.
And 25 per cent, in every month subsequently to lhc
sale, until paid.
Upon the payment of the various instalments, ocr.
; tificatcs, und upon completion, proper conveyances will
I bo granted to tho respective purchasers.
By order of His Excellency the Governor,
It. C. MOODY,
Colonol Royal Engineers,
And Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
SALE OF PUBLIC LANDS
IX
N A NA I MO.
Vancouver Island Colony, }
August 18th, I860.        /
' /\N  and  after  Thursday,  the  1st, September next,
j        30,000 acres of AGRICULTURAL and .MINERAL
LANDS, recently surveyed at Nanaimo, will bo sold at
the Land Ollice, Victoria, on the usual terms. If any
i case shall then occur of two or moro persons wauling
to purchase the same Land, such Land will at once ho
put up to competition and sold to the highest bidder.
JOSEPH I). PEMBERTON,
Colonial Surveyor.
NEXT OF KIN.
PATRICK CROWLEY,deceased. Information wanted
as to the next of Kill lo Patrick Crowley, a native
of Cork, Ireland, who was accidentally killed at Prince
Albert's Flat, on the 8th August, IH.'j'I. Deceased was
formerly in tho United States Army.
Communications  to  bo  addressed  to the  Colonial
Secretory, A'ictoria, Vancouver Island. tc
SUPREME COURT OF CIVIL JUSTICE OF BRITISH
COLUMBIA.
COLEMAN   VS.   SOLOMON.
TNSOLVENT.—NOTICE is hereby giveh that Moses
-*- Solomon, formerly of the firm of Solomon k Can trill,
at Lytton, afterward engaged with mules, above Lytton,
and lately a prisoner at Lungley Jail, for non-payment
of a debt due to Charles Coleman, Iho plaintiff in the
above suit, did on the 12th September, inst., present
his petition to this Court, praying the benefit of the
Act for the relief of insolvent debtors and to lie discharged from custody, us an insolvent debtor, and that
all Ids oslato, real and personal, might 1)0 vostod in an
assignee for the benefit of his creditors.
And Notice is hereby further given that the said
Moses Solomon is to file his Schedule as required by the
said act of Parliament, on or before the 2Gth day of
September, inst., with E. Howard Sanders, Esquire, a
deputy registrar of this court, and, further, is to appear
and bo oxaminod personally before this Court, at Fort
A'ule, on tho 15th October, next.
By order
ARTHUR T. BUSHBY,
Fort Hope, B. C, Sept. 13, 1859. Registrar
COURT OF GENERAL QUARTER SESSIONS.
District of A'ictoria and 1
Esquimalt,  to wit:,—  /
A   SESSION of this Court   will  be  holden nt the
J.X. ool'RT HOUSE in, VICTORIA, on Thuusdav the
SIXTH DAY of Ootobbb next ensuing, at tho hour of
TEN, in tlie forenoon.
GEO. AV. IIEATON,
Sheriff of Vancouver Island.
September 20th, 1850. Iw
N 0 T I C E .
In Iho matter of the l'crsonnl Estate of SAMUEL
HESELTINE, deceased, Intestate i
1 PERSON'S indebted to the above named deceased)
Intestate, or having in their possession credits or
effects of said deceased person, ure roqucBlcd to pay
over tho sumo forthwith lo tho administrator, at tho
Registrar's olliee, anil all persons having claims against
snid Estate, are hereby notified to present thoni to the
Administrator for adjustment and allowance before the
TENTH of DECEAlBER next, or they will be absolutely
excluded from any benefit arising from the effects of
said Estalo.
THOS. 0. WILLIAMS,
Ollicial Administrator of tho Estate of
Samuel Hesoltinc, deceused, Intestate;
Victoria, Sept. I Ith, 1850.
T It E A S 0 R Y .
rflENDERS aro invited For BILLS in sums not, loss
-»- than 6250, drawn on the LORDS COMMISSIONERS
of Hor Majesty's Treasury, London.
'AV. DRISCOLL GOSSET,
Treasurer.
September 7th, 1859.
VANCOUVER ISLAND COLONY.
notice op l'ciiLic wonics.
Land Office, A'ictoria, 1
August 24th, 1850.   J
fpENDERS iu writing, will bo received at this office,
J- for tho erection of the whole or portion of cither
or both of TWO LIGHTHOUSES, to be erected—on?
on Fisguard Rock, iu Esquimalt Harbor, and the other
on Raco Rock.    Blasting required.
Plans and Specifications at tho Laud Office.
Tlie lowosl or any Tender not necessarily accepted,
JOSE1MI D. PEMBERTON,
Printed, for tho Proprietors, every Tuesday, by
Lkonaiu) AIuCi,uiiK,.ut the office of the "Now West*
minster Times," south side of Yiitos-strcct, Victoi'Wi
in tire Colony of Vancouver Island;

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