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Kamloops Wawa Jun 1, 1904

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Vol. XIII. N   I.
KAMLOOPS WAWA
June 1904
In journal pour leasauvages,
Plus de 2000 Bauvages lisant la
sttaographie    preuvclividentede
si simplicity
Comment dessauvagespeuvent
ils  apprendre la stenographic '
Parceque la stenographic eat cent
fbis plus simple que i'6critureor
dinaire.
Nob Bauvages I'ont apprise en
quelques heures, et Be la sont ren
due remili&re en quelques jours.
*
Cette petite Revue parait tous
les trois inois.
L'abonnemenl est de 2 francs
50 par an
A newspaper in Shorthand circulating among the Natives.
a   a
Two thousand Indians reading
and writing Phonography...
The Plainest Proof ofthe sim
plicity ofthe system
"a    *
a
How can   Indians  learn Shor
thand I  Because  Shorthand  is  a
hundred  times simpler than  the
old writing.
Our Indians learned it in a few
hours \- became familiar with it
in a few davs.
This little Magazine is now
issued quarterly.
Subscription fift\ cents per
annum.
lx Kamloops Wawa a paru pour la premiere fois le 2 mai 1S!)1 ; jus-
qu'au mois d'Aoiit IS',14. il etait imprime au .Mimeo^raphe Ivdison .
mais a partir du inois de Septembre IS',14. il tut imprime a I'aide de
cliches en photogravure. Les series de 1895, 1806, 1897et 1898 sont
les plus interessantes. et sont lierees au\ pri\ de- '1 fr. 50 lannee A
partir de IN'.I.I. atin de reduire la depense. le journal fut imprime. partie
an mimdographe, partie en typographic et cliches photogravure.
S'adresser a EDITBUR  WAWA
KAMLOOP8, B. C.
on bien ii H   Dl ss*JK, Ll&QS,
Bblqioue,
VW A.
\ddress   \   EDITOR    \N
K v.Ml.ooi's. B. <:
il Dissmn, Liege,
Belgium.
or LE   KAMLOOPS WAWA.
Cette petite Revue s'appelle Kamloops Wawa, ��
e'est-a-dire �� Echo de Kamloops . Kamloops est
une petite \ ille de ��500 ames, situee sur le c hem in de
fer Can ad i en Pacifique, a 2600 milles de Montreal et
!2,")0 milles de Vancouver.
Kamloops est le nom du village sauvage qui est se-
pare de la ville par la riviere Thompson. Le mot
Kamloops signitie �� Pointe de terre ��, parce que le village sauvage est situe au confluent des deux riviere^
Thompson, celle du Nord et celle du Sud, Wawa
est un mot Chinook qui veutdire parler, appeler, crier.
Le ��� Kamloops Wawa ��� a pour objet 1'instruction de>>
sauvages de ce pavs a 1'aide d'une ecriturc simple- el
facile a apprendre.
(iette Revue a uniquement pour ressources le pro-
duit des reclames et des abonnements. Pendant plu-
sieurs annees elle languissait, faute de ressources siitli-
santes.ou plutot aeausc du pri\ trop eleve de publication. Desormais elle pourra, sans augmentation dede-
penses,quadrupler le nombre deses pages. Mile paraitra
tous les trois mois, en au moins soixante-quatrc pages
chaque fois, dont la premiere moitie sera consacree a
renseigner sur le pavs et ses missions, les abonnes
lisant I'anglais et le francais, et I'autrc moitie a des
OUirages cVinstruction pour nos sauvages,
Ami lecteur, n'aure/-\ous pas la bontc de \enir en
aide a cette petite Revue, en lui pretant le concours de
votre abonnement, et en engageant un ou deux amis a
faire de meme ?
Avecun nombre plus considerable dabonnes. ce
petit journal pourra augmenter le nombre de ses pages
et de ses illustrations et devenir de plus en plus inte-
ressant.
Les Reverends Peres Missionnaircs des different*
districts de nos missions pourront desormais cnvo\er Kamloops Wawa ���<
des de-tails sur leurs missions a cette petite Revue, qui
se fera un plaisir de les inserer dans ses pages.
Mission de Kamloops
Eglise ilu Sacre-Gaur, irigee en 1SX" ; Residence des Missionnaircs
construite en 1889.
Cette^eglise est situee sur une colline qui domine
toute la \illede Kamloops. d'ou Ton a une \ue ma-
gnilique de tons cotes: a I est, vallee de la Thompson!
Sud.d'oii Ton voit emerger au loin les trains venant de
lautre bout du continent : Au nord juste en face de
1 eglise, ou \oit jusqu'a une distance de 50 milles la
\allee de la Thompson Nord dont les montagnes se
perdent dans le ciel. Lntre la Thompson Sud et la
Thompson Nord la montagncdcSt-Paul, dominant tout
le pays d'alentour. A ses pieds le village des sauvages
au milieu dune belle plaine qui occupe Tangle des deux
ri\ieres. A 1'ouest la vallee des deux Thompson reunies Kamloops Wawa.
en une seuleet s'etendant a 1 mille plus loin en un lac
splendide de 'JO milles de long sur 'J de large. Au
nord-ouest, entre la Thompson Nord et les Thompson
reunics, d'abord une plaine fertile qui remplit Tangle des deux rivieres; puis des montagnessetageant
les unes derriere les autres jusqu'a perte de vue.
entre elles des plaines ondulantes couvertes de verts
paturagcs pendant Tete. et d'une neige epaisse durant
I'hiver, xastes champs de chasse ou nos sauvages, a
certaines saisons de Tannee, aiment a passer quelques
semaines. pour v tuer quelquesdou/aines de che\reuils.
et s'approx isionner ainsi de viande pour les temps durs
de I'hiver.
Comment les Sauvages se batissent une nouvelle Eglise
Les sauvages de Shushwap \iennent de se hatir une
nouvelle eglise. Prenons le train a Kamloops. et ren-
dons-nous a la station de Shushwap, trente troi> milles a Test, en longeant la riviere Thompson du sud.
ainsi appelee sans doute parce qu'elle ne descend pas
du nord. elle ne descend pas du sud mm plus,
mais coule phi tot de Test a Touest. Ufl mille a\ant
d'arrivera la station de Shushwap. on volt sur la rive
nord de la riviere un petit villagesauvage de 100 ames,
appele Hclaout, possedant une petite eglise toute pein-
turee en blanc, achevee au printemps de 1902,
Si nous depassions Shushwap de huit milles, nous
verrions un autre petit village du nom de Koaout, il
compte une centaine dames et a une eglise qui a ete
erigee en LSI).*). Mais a la station de Shushwap nous
trouvons deux sauvages avec un traineau attele de
deux bons chevaux : ils nous attendent pour nous
mener dans leur village qui se trouve a 2 milles settlement de la station, sur la rive nord de la riviere.
Nous sommes au 'JO fevrier. II v a bien deux
pieds de neige sur la terre. Nous longeons le chemin
de fer vers TKst sur le parcours de 'A milles pour
arriverau lac Shushwap, un magnitique petit lac de
5 milles de long sur   1 mille de  large,  qui separe de Kamloops Wawa.
toute sa longueur le village de Kaout ci-dessus nomine
decelui de Sheh-Kaltk-mah, ou nous nous rendons. Ce
lac est actuellement gele, la glace est epaisse d'un
pied au moins, et capable de supporter toute une
armee : nous le travcrsons done bravement sur notre
traineau a chevaux faisant un circuit de 5 milles pour
arriver au village qui n'est reiellement eloigne de la station que de 'J milles environ : e'est que la riv iere au-
dessous du lac n'est pas gelee et qu'il n'v a pas de meil-
leur moven de s'v rendre qu en faisant la belle promenade que nous venons de parcourir.
Le petit lac Shushwap est encaisse des deux cotes
dans des montagnes selevant presque a pic a JIM 10
pieds au-dessus du niveau de ses eaux. (lest au pied
d'une de ces montagnes, que se trouve sur un plateau
asse/eleve. le village des Sheh-Kaltk-mah, ou Shushwap Central,ou se trouvent ioges 150 habitants,dont 50
homines, 50 femmes et 50 enfants. C'est la que nous
allons voir la nouvelle eglise en question. Ce n'est
pas le gouvernement, ce nest pas la Providence
par des voies extraordinaires. mais bien les sauvages
eux-memes. des sauvages enguenilles et vivantau jour
le jour, n'amassant pas de tresor pour la rouille, les
sauvages du camp, settlement au nombre de quarante
hommes valides, Quadraginta fortes, qui se sont decides a se batir line eglise neuve,une eglise digne deux,
qui ne se laisse depasser par aucune des eglises de
leurs voisins. Pour v arriver, il a fia.Hu d'abord s'en
procurer les mov ens : de Targent comptant ; et pendant
deux hi vers, au milieu de leurs privations.nos quarante
ont reussi a couper et a vendre cinq ou six cents cor-
des de bois de chauftage : chacun des quarante a pro-
mis de verser la somme de cinquante dollars soit
deux cents cinquante francs. I'ne fois Targent trouve,
on a dresse un plan, on a commande le bois et autres
matc'riaux necessaires. Le chemin de for a amene trois
gros wagons pleins de planches, et les a laisses de Tau-
tre cotedu lac que nous avons traverse, \ingt traineaux
a chevaux ont bien v ite fait de charrier tout ce materiel sur ['emplacement du nouvel edifice. Trois char- Kamloops Wawa.
pentiers furent engages. lis arriverent le mercredi "J4
fevrier : en \ovant la quantite de  materiel sur place,
�� I .77. �����*!
les dimensions de la construction a taire : (>l�� pieds sur
'JO pour Teglise, plus une sacristie et chambre pour le
pretre, de 'JO pieds sur 16, avec une remise supplemcn-
taire de 20 pieds sur V2. ils crovaient avoir la de Pou-
vrageau moins pour deux mois. Mais ilscomptaient
sans leurs botes.
Le premier jour, jeudi 25 fevrier. il etait neufheu-
res et demie avant qu'on tut pret pour le travail. Les
charpentiers se disaient que ce n'etait guere la peine
de COmmencer ce jour-la. La place etait encore COU-
verte d'une neige epaisse. .Mais les sauvages etnicnt im-
patients de commencer. On tire les lignes,on marque les
places oil doivent s'elever lesmontants ; trois ouquatre
sauvages ont bien vite deblave la neige au\ endroits
voulus, d'autres v apportent et ajustent a ras de- terre
une grosse pierre. sur laquelle on dispose des blocs de
cedres que d'autres sauvages coupent au fur et a mesure;
on amene et nivelle par dessus les grosses poutres qui
doivent supporter le batiment. Href avant cinq heures
et demie du soir tout le plancher et.iit en place el
cloue. Deux jours plus tard, les murs ctaient montes.
Les charpentiers preparaient, decoupaient et posaient
avec l'aide des sauvages les membrures ou charpente
de I'edifice : les sauvages se chargcaicnt ensuite d'\
clouer les planches, ce qui constituait le gTOS du
travail. D'autres deja preparaient la charpente du
toit, qui se trouva toute poscc a la fin du sixieme
jour. Plus de quarante sauv.igcs trav aillaient ensuite a
doner la hoiserie du toil et des murs encore inacheves:
e'etait comme un concert de mitrailleuses, le bruit des
marteaux semblait les exciter da vantage.
Pendant ce temps les charpentiers s'oceupaient eh'
monter la charpente du clocher. \11 quinzieme jour
la batisse etait toute tinie a Texterieur. On v tra-
vailla six jours encore pour lambrisser Tinterieur. tinir
les bordures et les coins, poser les portes et les lenetres.
Le soir du vingt-et-unieme jour tout etait lini, et les
charpentiers sen   retournerent.   Les  sauvages   eux- Kamloops Wawa.
memes etaicnt tout etonnes de voir se dresser en
face du lac une belle eglise, la OU un mois auparavant
il n'v avait qu'un plateau COUVert de neige. Le travail
des charpentiers est tini, mais il reste encore a peintu-
rer tOUS les murs en dehors, et a couvrir tout Tinterieur
de feuilles metalliques emaillees et ornementecs de dif-
ferents dessins. Cesderniers travaux se feront avant
la benediction de I'eglise qui aura lieu a la fin de mai.
Pendant le travail de construction ci-dessus, les sauvages se levaient tons les jours a cinq heures du matin.
A six heures la messe. A six heures et demie dejeuner,
a sept et demie au travail jusqu'a midi. A midi juste,
on sonnait TAngelus, et les sauvages s'arretaient du
coup et se mettaient a genoux la ou ils se trouvaient,
par terre ou sur le toit, et rccitaicnt leur Angelus a
J oua3comme cela se presentait. (1'etait Theure du
diner.A une heure le travail recommencait elcontinuail
jusqu'a cinq heures et demie. A six heures souper. a
sept heures et demie. priere du soir et ensuite reunion
jusqu'a neuf heures.
*
Nouvelle Province Ecclesiastique ' La Colombie
Britaunique
L Annuaire Pontifical CathoMque de 1004, decrit
brievement cette nouvelle province comme suit :
Vancouver, Metropole. Suffragants : New-Westminster (et Vicarial A.postolique de Mackensie).
Archidiocese de Vancouver. (He de Vancouver). ���
Canada. Metropole. - Lrige par Pie IX. le'J4 juil-
let 1840. A subi depuis divers demembrements, a etc,
erige en metropole par Leon XIII en mai 1903.
Residence a Victoria. Habitants 75.000, Cath.10.000:
20 pretres seculiers, o'J eglises ou chapelles.
Titulaire : Sa  (Jnice Mgr.   Bertrand Orth, ne a
Algert,   Diocese de Cologne, le 11 dec.   1848, elu le 30 Kamloops Wawa.
avril 1000. Sacre le lOjuin de la meme annee. Arche-
veque en mai 1903.
Diocese de New-Westminster. (Canada), Depend,
depuis 1903, de Vancouver. Lrige par Leon XIII le
'J sept. 1S0O. Confle aux  Oblats de Marie.   Habitants
85.000; catholiques .30.000; dont 15.000 indiens; 5pre-
tres  seculiers ; 26  pretres   reguliers,   103 eglises   et
chapelles.
Titulaire: Sa(irandeur Mgr. Augustin Dontenvillc.
Oblat de Marie Immaculee. ne a Strasbourg le 7 Janvier 1859, elu eveque titulaire de (icrmanicopolis le
:, avril 1K07. et coadjuteur ; suceede le 10 juillet L899.
��� :     ;.
Mackenzie (Canada. ��� Am. du Nordi. Dependant
de St-Boniface. Le Vicariat d'Athabaska-Mackenzie
a ete erige par Pie IX en 1862 en le demembrant de
St-Boniface. En 1001, Leon XIII Tadivise en deux,
celui d'Athabasca et celui de Mackensie. (Oblats de
Marie-Immaculee-.
Titulaire: Mgr Gabriel Breynat, Oblat de Marie-
Immaculee, eveque titulaire d'Adramvte. J'J juillet 1901.
Les details ci-dessus sont tires de I Annuaire Pontifical Catholique de 1904. Pour completer les donnees
sur le Diocese de New-Westminster :
La Colombie Britannique a etc erigee en Vicariat
Apostolique, le 14 decembre ISO!,, et en diocese le
J septembre 1S00. Circonscription : toute la province
de la Colombie Britannique. excepte Tile de Vancouver et le bassin de la riviere de la Paix.
Premier Lvequc : Mgr. Louis-.loseph D'Herbomez
de la Congregation des Oblats de Maric-Immaculee,
Vicaire Apostolique, ne le 17 Janvier 1822 a Brillon,
diocese de (.ambrai, ordonne pretre le 14 octobre 1S40,
elu eveque de Melitopolis le J'J decembre 186.3, sacre
a Victoria le 9 OCtobre IS(14, mort a New-Westminster
le 'A juin 1S00. Kamloops Wawa
Deuxieme Eveque. ��� Mgr Paul Durieu, de la Congregation des Oblats de Marie Immaculee, ne le
4 Dec. L830, a St Pal-dc-Mons, diocese du Puv, or-
donne le 11 mars lsr>4, elu le 8 juin 1875, eveque titulaire de Marcopolis, et auxiliaire de Mgr D'Herbomez,
sacre a Ste Marie i.Matsquh maintenant pres de Mission City, le 24 octobre 1875, elu eveque de New-
Westminster le 2 septembre 1H*M>. Decede le 1 juin
1S00.
*
Le diocese le plus peuple du monde est celui de
Allahabad, anciennement Patna, dans les Indes An-
glaises, !iS. 147.000 habitants dont 7.612 catholiques.
Le diocese le moins peuple du monde est celui de
Popto et Santa Rufina. JO.(KM) en hiver et 5000 settlement en ete.
Le Vicariat Apostolique de Nankin en Chine a
50.000.000 d'habitants, dont 110.000 catholiques.
Procession du T. S. Sacrement. Juin 1901.
Village des Salivates   kamloops
L'eglise   des   sauvages de  Kamloops,   achevee  en 10 Kamloops Wawa
1000, est la plus spacieuse des eglises des sauvages
de tout le district. Elle s'ouvre droit au sud. et se
trouve ainsi face a face avec l'eglise de la Mission a
deux milles ek distance, avant entre les deux la
Reserve des sauvages. la riviere 'Thompson et la villc
de Kamloops traverseepar le chemin de fer.
De l'eglise des sauvages on a une bonne v ue de
Kamloops et de la Mission qui domine la ville. II v a
jr>0 times dans le village sauvage de Kamloops. I.eur
Reserve s'etend sur un carrc de sept milles de cote
entre les deux bras de la Riviere  Thompson
Eglise des Bauvages des Blchelt, la plus belle dc toutes lei 6glisea
des sauvages du pays, bfttio en [890
Le  village   des  Sichels  se   trouve  sur  le bord   de
TOcean Pacifique ou plutot sur le detroit de Georgia, Kamloops Wawa
11
qui separe Tile Vancouver du Continent ii 4.*) milles au
Nord de la \ ille de Vancouver qui est le terminus du
chemin de fer Canadien PaciHque. Le Village des
Sichels est un village module; l'eglise s'eleve ma-
jestueusement sur le bord de la mer, au fond dune
anse gracieuse, des maisons sont etalees a droite et ti
gauche avec une sv metric agreable.
Ces sauvages n'ont rien cpargne pour faire leur
eglise la plus belle possible et pour la fournir de tout
ce qui est necessaire au culte. Nous attendons de la
plume de nos Peres Missionnaire une notice detaillee
sur cette belle petite Mission qui fait Tadmiration de
tous ses v isiteurs.
Contenu des pages stenographiques de ce numero.
II v a deux series distinctes de ces pages : d'abord
les sept premieres qui font partie de la revue trimes-
trielle proprement elite; ensuite les 32 pages du supplement, dont la pagination est numcrotec a part, ann
d'v faire suite dans les numeros suivtints et de pou-
voir plus tard les relier a ptirt.
Dans la premiere partie, il V ti d'tibord une explication aux sauvages de la nouvelle maniere d'cditer la
petite revue, et les conditions de Tabonnement Si les*
sauvages etaient rtdeles ti solder leurabonnement, il n'v
aurait aucune difficulty dans Tadministration du journal. Mais, malgre leurs bonnes qualites (qui sont mal-
heureusement bien souvent contrebalanc��es par de
mauvaises), les sauvages sonttoujours sauvages, et
ils met tent beaucoup de paresse ;i paver. Ils aiment
beaucoup remettre a plus tard, ce qui veut dire bien
souvent �� apres le .lugement Dernier. �� A la fin de
1S07, sur 1200 abonnes les trois quarts etaient en retard de deux, trois et memequatre annees. Force a etc
desuspendre I'envoi de la Revue excepte ti un petit
nombre de tideles souscripteurs dissemines un peu par
tout le pavs. In meilleur plan serait de faire souscrire
taut par camp pour un certain nombre d'exemplaires, 12
Kamloops Wawa.
dont le prix pourrait etre reduit un pen en favour du
nombre : c'est ce qui se pratique dans les camps les
plus rapproches de Kamloops.
Ensuite, il y a des nouvelles courantes en Chinook :
LGRAVH ACCIDENT.Mikeet Josettes'en venaient
de la Nicola a Kamloops, la veille meme de Noel. II
faisait tres froid. et Mike au lieu de tenir les guides
entre les mains les avait entre Icsgenoux. A vingt
milles de Kamloops arrivant ti un detour du chemin
sur le bord dun ravin asscx profond. le chcval de
droite quitta le chemin et entraina Tautre avec lui.
Josette bien vite saisit la guide qui dcvait les rtimener
sur hi droite ligne. et tira de toutes ses forces, mais la
guide se cassa. et les chevaux avec tout le reste se
jctcrent dans le ravin, .losette cut la tele,les bras et les
cotes fraeasses et expira au bout dune minute. Mike
tiit retire* sans connaissance et il restti deux mois entre
la vie et la mort. Un des chevaux tut aussi tue sur le
coup. Miracle : Tenfant que .losette tenait attache sur
la poitrine tivec son chale, sortit sms une egratignure.
Conclusion : soyez toujours prets. car le moment ou
vous pensez le moins vous sere/ appele de ce monde
pour comparaitre devant votre juge.
2�� NAUFRAGE DU CLALLAM, bateau a vapeur
venant leO.Itmvier.de Seattle a Victoria.Une voied'eau
qu'on ne put reussir a tiveugler se dcclara par une lu-
carne et le bateau sombra a six milles du port ; cin-
quante-cinq passagers v perdirent la vie. Soyez
prets... Estateparati...
3��INCENDIE DIN THEATRE A  CHICAGO,
tiu commencement de I'annec. plus de 900 personnes
perissent dans lesHtimmes; heroi'sme de TLveque Coad-
juteur de Chicago, qui se precipitti dans les tribunes de
TediHce en feu, pour exhorter les victimes et leur don-
ner une derniere absolution, et ne sortit qu'emporte
par les pompiers, au moment ou il allait devenir lui -
meme la proie des fitimmes. 'Toujours Estate parati..,
Soyez prets... Kamloops Wawa.
18
Nouvelles diverses
Le Rev. Pere FRANCOIS MARIE THOMAS est
le missionnaire des sauvages du district de William's
Lake, environ L50 milles au Nord de Kamloops. II a
passe la fete de Noel ti Soda Creek, entoure d'un grand
nombre de sauvages venus de tons les cotes. II est
ensuite alle ti Quesnelle, OU il a fete le nouvel an.
* *
Le Rev. Pere   VlCTOK ROIIR a celebre  la Noel ti
hi Fontaine, a 100 milles a 1'Ouest de Kamloops. Plu-
sieurs centaines de sauvages ont dii se masser tiutour
de lui, et il a eu beaucoup de travail pour entendre
toutes leurs confessions. Le Pere Rohr a en charge le
district de Lillooet et ccluidcs Thompson,pcut-etreplus
de 3.000 sauvages en tout. II est venu passer le premier
de I'anau camp des Bonaparte a 50 milles de Kamloops.
Le Rev. P��re CHIROUSE, avec le R.P.ROCHER
ont celebre hi Noel chez les Sichels. et le premier de
Tan chez les Slav amines. (les Peres s'occupent des sau-
vages du district de Ste Marie, dissemiincs sur un par-
cours de cent milles. Depuis Vancouver jusqu'ti
Vale, le long du chemin de fer Canadicn Pticifique et
de hi grandc Riviere Fraser ; plus les stiuvtiges �� de la
Mer ��� c'est-a-dire des cotes de I'Ocean Pacitique depuis Vancouver jusqu'ti cent milles et plus an Nord.
In sauvage de la Shushwap,  Fh wims SH1LPA-
II AN, a etc passer le temps de Noel ti la mission St Eugene, OU il ti admire la piete des sauvages Kootenavs,
desservis par le R P. Coccola et le R. P. W agner.
II asurtOUt admire leur belle eglise. fruit de Ttidresse
du R. P. Coccola qui ;i eu hi bonne chance unique de
prendre possession d'une mine dor et de hi faire
exploiter au profit de ses uuvres. TrtfUVer une mine
d'or pour btitir une eglise, quoi de plus admirable ? 14
Kamloops Wawa
Pour en rcvenir a   F.   Shilpahan.  il  aurait   voulu
compter  toutes   les  montagnes qu'il ti v ues dans son
voyage maia il ) renonce declarant que c'est impossible.
.
Le Rev. Pere C. BELLOT a la charge des sauvages du beau district d'Okanagan ; il a passe la Noel
au milieu des sauvages de Pentekten et le premier
de Tan ti Spellamchine.
Nous avions bien cinq cents sauvages la nuit de Noel
dans notre eglise de Kamloops. Plus de deux cents
ont recu la Sainte Communion ti la Messe de Minuit.
La Messe de minuit a etc suivie d'une procession a la
creche, tous les sauvages allant deux a deux se pn.sterner clevant 1'Enfant Jesus et lui faire I'offrande de leur
obolc Les sauvages de Kamloops sont restes reunis
toute la semaine apres Noel : au premier de Tan il \
avait encore une centaine de communions.
Yient ensuite la liste des sauvages morts durant
l'hivcr ti, Kamloops et dans le district. Notons seule-
ment ADFLFde Kamloops, languissant de la tubercu-
lose depuis un an et plus: elle ne perdait jamais une
occasion de recevoir la SteCommunion. Douze jours
avant sa mort, le quatrieme Dimanche du C.ireme. elle
atenu ti se trainer jusqu'a l'eglise pour se confesser,
elle s'est tipprochcc, accroupie de la table de Communion, ti la Messe qu'on chantait ce j..ur en Thonneur de
1'Immaculee Conception ; elle v a recu la Ste' Communion pour Iti dcrniere fois. et ce qui est beau et touchant.
tous les membresdc sa famille qui Tout pu, ont deman-
de et obtenu de recevoir la Ste Communion avec elle.
II v ti aussi dans ces pages en stenographic un article sur hi construction de l'eglise de Shushwap. qui
ti etc analvsec en Framais dans les pages qui precedent.
* * Kamloops Wawa.
16
Venant maintenant ;i hi partie suppletnentaire, les
trente-deux dernieres pages de ce numero :
Page mi et i\. comme introduction, histoire de
Ste Marie Madeleine et son arrivee ti Marseille, sa
vie de  contemplation  ti  la  Ste Baume,  et  sa  mort.
Page V, vi. \ ii. Histoire de Ste Ycronique et de
TI mage de la Ste Face.
Page VIII, grtivures : Chairc de St Pierre et Prison
Mamertinc.
Page i\ : arrivee de St Pierre a Rome : dialogue
avec un  Pa veil. Histoire de hi chairc de St Pierre.
Page X : St Pierre et Simon le Magicien.
1" Simon pretend ressusciter un mort simule qui
meurt reellement entre ses mtiins et est ensuite res-
suscite p;ir St Pierre;
J Simon s'cleve dans les cieux sur Tailc du demon
qui le lache a hi pricrc de St Pierre, et il se fracasse
les jambcs ;
.'> Simon se fait enterrer pretendtmt ressusciter le
quatrieme jour : il v est mort pour de bon et n'a jamais rcssuscite.
Page xi, St .Iticqucs le majcur et son apostolat en
Fspagne. St .Iticqucs le mineiir. St Philippe, St Matthias, p. XII. xill, XIV.
St Thomas et le Roi des Indcs p. XIV, XV,
St Jean TEvangeliste; son temoignage devant la porte
Latine; son exil ;i Patmos, ses Revelations; histoire du
jeune homme devenu chef de voleurs, p. xv, xvi, xvu.
St Bartholomee, St Matthieu, SS, Simon et Jude,
St Marc, p.xvn, win.
Les Fmpereurs Romainsdu premier sieclc, surtout
Ncron, p. xvix. \x.
Premiere persecution generate, Martvrcdc St Pierre
et St Paul, p. xxi, xxii.
Description de Rome ptivenne xxill-xxiv. avec des
Illustrations p. xxv. xxvi.
Catacombes de Rome. Mceurs des premiers Chretiens comparees aux muu rs pa venues, p.xxv il,\\\ III,
xxv IX
St Andre, apotrc, les tictes de son martvrc en
Achate, p. xxx, xxxi. xxxn. Vol. XIII. N   1 et 2. March et June 1904.
KAMLOOPS WAWA
With this Dumber the Kamloops Wawa opens a new series It has
taken up to this time to make arrangement for its publication, and to
get ready for this issue. We expect to be able to issue the tame number
of pagefl even three months. The French text has alreadv explained
the reasons why we are enabled to do so
A new book containing the i Chinook Hook of Devotions, and the
(Chinook Bible History, ���   with the portraits of Hishops Durieu and
D'Herbomez bound in one volume, is sold for seventy five cents a copy.
In the press, and will be issued shortly: A new historical work of
great interest: The history ofthe Northern interior of British
Columbia, by Rev. .1. G. Mnurice. 0, M. I Missionnary ofthe
Western Denes: Honorary member of the Philological Socictv of
Paris, and of the Natural Society of Hritish Columbia; Corresponding
Member of the Canadian Institute and ofthe Geographical Society of
Neuchatel. Switzerland, etc Large OCtavO cloth, illustrated, with
map, s 'J.."ill William   {ri^-ys. Publisher. Toronto Ont
SAD ACCIDENT  �� He always ready, for the moment you know
not, you may be called out of this world to appear before the Judgment
seat of God. See. last December '24. a number of Indians were coming
from the Nicola to Kamloops. for Christmas night A man. named .Mike,
from Shooloos. was coming in a bi�� wagon, with his wife .losette. and
her child wrapped up in her shawl, on her bosom As the Weather was
very cold. .Mike had the lines between his knees instead of holding
then in his hands Coming to a turn about twenty miles from Kamloops,
just where the road joins Long Lake, the horses went to the rt^ht.
towards a deep rav ine close b\ .losette at once caught hold ofthe lines,
to pull them back on the right way. Hut the lines broke, and the horses
and all fell into the ravine .losette had both arms and se\eral ribs
broken, her skull fractured, and died almost instantly , Mike was picked
up unconscious, and was several weeks between life and death The
child escaped without injury
The Chinook text of this issue relates also the WRECK OP THE
CLALLAM, January S, which has been tiillx described in the news
papers of the Province and others, also on account of the KIRE IN A
CHICAGO THEATER, about New year's Day last, where more than
six hundred lives were lost: all this to enforce the conclusion - He
always prepared, for the day and the hour you know not. you may be
called out of this   world
*
(    I
New Kcclcsiastical Province i BRITISH COLUMBIA,
The Catholic Pontifical Annual of 1904 describes the New Kcclesias
tical Province as follows    Vancouver for Vancouver Island, and not
the city of Vancouver, which belongs to the Diocese of New W'estm
in Kamloops Wawa
17
ster Metropolis. Suffragans: New Westminster and the Apostolic
Vicariate of Mackenzie).
Archdiocese of VANCOUVER  Vancouver Island).
Erected by Pius IX, July 24. 1840. has since undergone several
divisions of territory, made a Metropolitan See by Leo XIII, may 1903.
Archbishop's Residence Victoria. Population, 75000; Catholics, 10000;
Secular Priests, 20; Number of churches or chapels : 52.
Present Archbishop: Most Reverend Hertrand ORTH, born at
Algert, Diocese of Cologn. December 6, 1848, appointed Hishop of
Vancouver Island, April 30, 1900; consecrated June 10 of the same-
year; preconised Archbishop, may 1908.       Series e>f former Hishops:
1 Right Reverend Modeste Demcrs, consecrated Nov MO, 1847, died
July 27. 1871.
2. Rt. Rev* Charles Segbers, Consecrated June 29, 1873, promoted
to Oregon Cit
M Rt Rev John lkiptist Rrondcl, cons. Dec. 14. 1870, transferred
to Helena. V . S.
4. Most Rev Charles Seghers, reappointed 188,"), murdered Nov. 28.
1880.
5. Rt. Rev  J  N  I.emmens, Cons  Aug."), 1888, died Aug. Ml. 1S07.
0   Rt   Rev    Alexander Christie, cons   June 20, 1808, promoted to
the Archiepiscopal see of Oregon Citv, April 11, 1800.
7   Most Rev  B. ORTH, as above.
Diocese of NEW WESTMINSTER.
Erected as an Episcopal See, by Leo XIII in Sept 2, 1800. Population
8.*) 000, Catholics: Ml) 000. of which 15000 Indians. .*> Secular, 20 regular
priests i 108 churches or Chapels
Present Hishop: Rt Rev. Augustin Dontenwill. born in the Diocese
of Strasbourg Jan. 7, 1859; elected Titular Hishop of (icrmanicopolis,
and Coadjutor Bishop, April M, 1807; cons. Aug. 22, of the same year :
Succeeds as Hishop of New Westminster July 10. 1880.
Hritish Columbia was erected an Apostolic Vicariate December 14.
1808. and a regular Diocese. Sept. 2. 1800. Fxtends over Continental
Hritish Columbia, except the Peace River District.
Former Hishops: 1 Rt Rev Louis D'Herbomez, O. M. I. horn,
Jan 17, 1822. at Hrillon, Diocese of Cambrai; ordained Oct. 14. 1840;
elected Hishop of Miletopolis and Vicar Apostolic of Hritish Columbia,
December 22. 1808, COnseC. at Victoria, 0, Oct 1804. died at New
Westminster June M. 1800.
2 Rt Rev Paul Durieu. 0. M. I. born Dec 4, 1880, at St Pal de
Mons. Diocese of Puy. France. Ordained march 11, 18."��4. appointed,
June 8, 187."). Hishop of Marcopolis and Auxiliary of Hishop D'Her-
bome/., consecrated at MatSOUi, now Mission City October 24. 187.">.
Residential Hishop of New Westminster. Sept 2. 1890, Deceased June
I,  1800
Apostolic Vicariate of McKcn/.ic
The Vicariate of Athabasca McKcn/.ic was erected by Pius IX. in 18
Kamloops Wawa
1802. In 1002 Pope Leo XIII divided it in Two The Vic of Athabasca.
and that of McKen/.ie.
Present Vicar Apostolic i Rt. Rev. Hishop (iabriel Rrcvnat.O  M   I
Appointed Titular Hishop of Adramyt:. Jul)  22.   1901, Consecrated
April 0. 1002.
The Venerable J. B. Vianncy. better know n as    The < '.urate of Ars
will likeh be beatified in the near future
It is said that the Archbishops and Hishops of Canada are preparing,
for a plenary council to convene at some future time
��
* *
It is reported that the Pape is about to appoint a commission to stud)
the question in preparation for the introduction of a universal catechism
throughout the world
��
* *
The catholic population of ihe German Impirc is over twent) one
millions, larger than the total population\>l the catholic kingdom of
Spain.
The catholic   population of the  United   States  is ncarlv    twelve
millions.
*
t,  t
In the Morriscy district of Hritish (lolumbia there are 800 < latholics,
chiefly Slavonians. Hungarians, and Italians.
*
Plans have been accepted for the new Cathedral at St Ronifact,
which will sit M000, and will cost two hundred thousand dollars
*
* *
There are in Japan, sixty thousand Catholics, with 150 priest. 82 of
which are natives, governed b) one Archbishop and three Hishops
How big is Siberia' The United States, Gnat Hritain. and all
Europe except Russia could be put Into Siberia    with space to spare
1
The follow ing article, due to the pen ol Dr M. S Wade, is the best
description of Kamloops we have found suitable to the space we can
dispose of. Kamloops Wawa
19
KAMLOOPS.
Present  & Past.
Nature has done much tor Kamloops in the matter
of location, soil and climate. Situated as it is at the
junction ofthe North and South Thompson rivers, almost equally distant from Vancouver on the west and
Calgary its nearest rival on the east, it is fitly termed
the Inland Capital, and on account of its geographical
position, such it must always continue to be, to the
great district lying north and tributary to it. Almost
encircled bv mountains, and intersected bv valleys,
where can be raised every product common to the temperate and torrid /one. Kamloops otters to the investor, the traveler, the artist and the sportsman every
possible attraction. It is but a few years since, that
Kamloops to the outside world meant but a trading
po>l or at the most an outlet to a wonderful stock-
raising countrv ; but with the ring ofthe prospector's
pick on the hard mountain epiartz, the scene changed,
(labins began to dot the hillside as if by magic, and
to-da\ he will be a daring prophet who can put a limit
to its possibilities.
There is a saving that those who come to look remain to live, and whether or not this is due to the dry
bracing atmosphere that seems to till you anew with
encrgv and desire, or to the alluring tale of the prospector, or to the hospitable comradeship of its inhabitants, the fact remains there is a something which possesses for the stranger an infinite charm. It is a place
to visit and to live in, for without the slightest approach
to a boom it has steadily continued to expand, and in
a modest way to develop its resources, showing by the
efforts of its people an unbounded faith in its future. ���
If limited in its numbers, if is metropolitan to the core
in its instincts, and progressive to the limit of its
means. With a population not in excess of 1,500, it has
solved the problem of municipal management of water
and light, and in this respect could give pointers to
many cities of larger size.C.osv homes and flower gar- 20
Kamloops Wawa
dens and neatly trimmed lawns face its residential
streets, paving tribute to the pride of their owners,
while over all these hovers a spirit of contentment not
to be found in less prosperous communities.
A divisional point on the Canadian Pacific Railway,
Kamloops is also the principal town in the great Vale
district, ande here the courts of justice, civil and criminal, hold sway. This district, 60 miles across at its
widest point, is Kamloops' commercial territory, and
out of it a kingdom might be carved and never missed.
Bounded on the north and west by the Lillooet district ; south by the Yale, Nicola and Osoyoos divisions, and east by the West Kootenav district, it contains a population of less than Hi,000, yet has an area
of 24,(MM) square miles. Within this magnificent distance are rivers and lakes and mountains, bounteous
valleys and broad plateaus, capable, if measured bv
old world standards, of supporting a population of many millions rich in all that goes to make a countrv
great. Where cloudless skies, rolling stretches of country and pine dotted hills enchant the beholder, and
Iwhere, with the effort of honest labor. an\ man may
amass a happy competence. It is as large as Belgium
and Holland put together; vet without its mineral
wealth, without a tithe of its natural resources, these
countries support a population often and a half millions. Switzerland, a countrv similar in topographical
features, yet also lacking its mineral deposits and with
little more than half its area, has more than three millions of inhabitants What. then, mav not the next few
decades accomplish for Kamloops. There are those
who, looking forward, see northward in the course
of a few vears another transcontinental railwav
stretching from Montreal to the Pacific coast via
Lake Winnipeg, Edmonton and the Yellow head pass.
Concurrently, no doubt, an extension of the Crow's
Nest Pass road will go through Southern Hritish Columbia to the coast. This would mean rail connection
to the north and te Cariboo via the North river, through
what will unquestionably be a great mining and   ran- Kamloops Wawa
21
ching district, likewise to the south through the great
stock country. From Kamloops we shall then see regular lines of steamships running on Kamloops lake ���
25 miles to Savonas, l42o miles on the North Tompson,
and em the South Thompson 150 miles to Knderby via
Sicamous Junction. This may not be to-morrow, but
can anyone say it will not be?
Hut what nature has done for Kamloops the people
here tried to supplement, and few towns take more
pride in their local affairs than does the Inland City.
Previous to 1898 the supplying of water and light was
left to private enterprise, but with the incorporation of
the city these passed by purchase into the hands ofthe
municipal authorities. The w ater supply is a direct pressure system.The intake is on the Tompson river above
the Shuswap Milling Company's mill, where the engines and pumps are located. From there the main extend
along Victoria or Main street in both directions, with
the requisite branches. The surplus is stored in a reservoir at a good height above the town, and holds sufficient for all needs in case of a breakdown ofthe machinery. There is no more healthy spot in the Dominion
of Canada then Kamloops. The dry,bracing atmosphere
has a marked and beneficial effect on those afflicted
with lung, bronchial or throat diseases, and there are
not a few now enjoying good health who can testify
to the benefit derived from a brief residence in this favored portion of the countrv.
Kamloops is well supplied with educational and
religious instruction. The public school in charge of
E Stewart Wood and a staff of four teachers is a
well lighted, modern building, with a capacit of 200
pupils. There are also several private schools. The industrial school for Indian boys is situated on the
reserve and is in charge of the priests and teachers of
the Roman Catholic church. The Indian agent is
A. Irw in, w ho is also in charge ofthe whole Kamloops-
Okanagan agencv ��� a territory greater than the Vale
district in which there are stime 4,(MM) Indians.
The  religious denominations represented in Kam- 22
Kamloops Wawa
loops are the Episcopal church, Rev. E. P. 1'lew welling, pastor; the Presbyterian church. Rev. Stewart,
pastor ; the Methodist church. Rev. Ladner. pastor ;
and the Baptist church for which a call is now being
made. The Roman Catholic church at St. Louis Mission is in charge of bather Mitchell.
For its population no store in the interior is better
supplied with stores than Kamloops. handling even
marketable line of merchandise of equal quality and
at coast prices. These stores enjoy large outfitting
trade with the surrounding countrv. and represent
in their number some of the brightest business men in
the interior. II all there are some thirty general stores,
who are fully able to provide for the needs of the
district for some time to come.
In its manufacturing industries Kamloops mav be
said to be in its infancy, yet with the devlopment of its
mines and the subsequent increase of population this
industry on account ofthe distance of Kamloops from
manufacturing centres, should play an important part
in the prosperity of the tow n.
At present it is represented by two saw mills, a
cigar factory, a brewery , and a brick and lime works.
Most of these have been established within theJast few
years to supply local demands, and all are in a flourishing condition.
Among the opportunities which many believe exist
in Kamloops for the safe investment of capital, is the
growing need of a cold storage warehouse, which
would enable the stockmen of the district to enter
more into competition with the Norhwcst Territories
the matter of coast trade With a proper system of
cold storage, the cattle for the winter supply could be
slaughtered in the autumn at some convenient point,
when in prime condition, and their carcasses kept and
shipped to the coast cities as required in refrigerator
cars, thus avoiding the expense of feeding during the
winter and deterioration in weight and condition of
beef. In the summer the shipments could be effected
daily if required with equal advantage.  The enormous Kamloops Wawa.
23
saving this would mean to the cattlemen, in preventing loss of cattle, saving of feed and many other items,
would in a single season reach a sum that would be
surprising. Hut this would not be the only benefit the
district would derive from it. A cold storage plant
would probably but be the forerunner of other industries following in its train such as soap and glue
factory, tannery, etc. It seems likely with the interest
ofthe cattle men awakened in this direction that there
will ere long be a systematic effort made to provide
the funds fort the establishment of such an industry.
A plant such as is needed would require to have a capacity of a thousand carcases, and would involve an
outlay of at least $100,000. The present price of cattle
at Kamloops isii to !�� 1 '2, jumping to 5 and 5 1 2 cents
per pound in the spring.
It might also be well to mention here the opportunity
that exists in the vicinity of Kamloops for mixed farming. Ever) year there is imported into the town
from the Northwest Territories and eastern Canada
many thousands of dollars worth of dairy produce,
such as eggs, butter, cheese, poultry, also bacon and
ham, and even some fruit and vegetables. All of this
could and should be raised by the farmers of Kamloops. Within a radius of 2.") miles ofthe city there are
still thousands of acres open to settlement under both
the Dominion and Provincial land laws, and while it
is undoubtedly true that a large area of this land is
without any visible water supply, yet it must also be
borne in mind that no systematic attempt has ever
been made to obtain water for irrigation purposes, as
is done in many portions of the United States simi-
larlv situated. There has, however, recently been
organized the Thompson Valley Water ��!x Power company, having for its object the irrigation of a flat of
land lying to the west of the North Thompson and
known as the Guide Laferty. In this tract then are some 5,000 acres, now practically useless, yet capable if
irrigated of supporting at least a hundred settlers. It
is proposed to bring the water from the Jameson and 24
Kamloops Wawa
I '
Tranqille creeks, the estimated cost of which is
$100,000.
For some time there has been a talk of local capitalists establishing a flour mill, but about the field for
this there seems to be a difference of opinion. At present there is little wheat being raised around Kamloops, the reason claimed being it is more profitable to
employ that labor in other directions; and whether a
flour mill could compete with those operating in
wheat raising belts in an open question.
A glimpse at the past
Little is known of the early history of Kamloops.
which indeed is the case of almost every town in Hritish Columbia. The Indians of the present day have-
not very clear ideas ofthe happenings of several generations ago, and the first whites that came to the
interior of the Province the Hudson s Hay Company
employees, who founded the fonds in early days���have-
not left behind them many available records of the
events of their time. In the year 1813 the Hudson's
Hay Company established a fort opposite the present
tow not'Kamloops, and around it the traders congregated, and in course of time, when settlers came in and
miners and prospectors roamed over the country , the
fort became the commercial centre of the neighborhood. The missionaries sent out by the Roman Catholic church were not far behind, if at all, the trappers
and traders of the Hudson's Hay Company, and we
find that about the year IS4.'> bather Demers, who afterwards became the first Hishop of Victoria and Vancouver Island,paid Kamloops a visit, and was followed
by many others. The discovery of gold in Hritish
Columbia in 1858 directed workl-widc attention to the
colonies of Vancouver Island and Rritisch Columbia,
and while many miners and settlers flocked in from
California and elsewhere by the waterways on the
coast, an intrepid few braved the dangers and hardships incidental to such a journey, and reached British, Kamloops Wawa.
2o
Columbia by crossing tne plains of the Great Lone
Land and the scarcely trodden passes of the Rocky
Mountains.
Among those who came to Kamloops at that early
time ���the early 60*8���by the several overland routes,
were Messrs. Samuel Moore. Win. Fortune, .1. A.
Maria, Charles Cooney, .lames Mc. Intosh and (i. C.
Tunstall, each of whom has done his share towards the
upbuilding of Kamloops and the adjacent country.
Little by little the place began to assume the appearance
of a village, with the Hudson's Hay Company as its
mainstay. With the discovery of gold in the Big Hend
country a busy time came for Kamloops, which was
on the direct route to the new mines. Hut the means
of communication were at that time confined to trails,
and there was consequently some difficulty in the way
of getting in supplies. Sir .lames Douglas was, however, a great road builder, and in 1K80 a wagon road
was built from Cache Creek, at which point it left the
then new Cariboo road, to Savona. C. H. Wright,
w hose name will ever be associated with the early history of Hritish Columbia, both in connection with
trade and the construction of roads, being the contractor.
Meantime the Hudson's Hay Company, the only
available local source of supplies, was not idle. Mr.I.
Mackay. now of Victoria, was in charge of the fort
at Kamloops at the time the excitement broke out,
and in the winter of ISO.") the steamer Marten was
built to meet the requirements ofthe rush. The Marten ran from the terminus of the wagon road at Savona
to Seymour, at the head of Shuswap lake, which was
the point w here the miners bound for Rig Hend again
took the trail. The Marten was the first steamboat to
ascend the North Thompson river, reaching a point
120 miles from its confluence with the south branch.
The rush to Hig Hend was tremendous, thousands
flocking to the new mines. Seymour became quite a
thriving town, of which, however, but little trace is
left at  this time, the site being again occupied by 20
Kamloops Wawa
forest growth. Kamloops gained some benefit from the
excitement, and the improvement was such that
Messrs. Mara& Wilson opened up a store in LS07. In
the vear following, Mm. Fortune, who built the first
house in Kamloops, built the first flour mill in the
interior of Hritish Columbia. The burrs for this mill
came from Buffalo and cost $1,200 for the pair. The
mill proved a success and was a great convenience to
the miners and settlers. A short time after the building
ofthe wagOn road to Savona, it was continued to
Kamloops, .lames Mcintosh building it. thus adding
another link in the chain of transportation facilities.
In 1N0K John Petersen pre-empted a parcel of land
east ofthe village, and afterwards purchased an addi-
tonal 320 acres. On the pre-emption he built a house
and stables, which are still standing, a short distance
east of the railway station. This location is of interest
as this land, the Petersen ranch, constitutes the new
town of Kamloops. In L870 Barnard's express stages,
carrying the mails, ran as far as Savona. the system
soon extending to Kamloops and finally to Okanagan
mission. The difficulty in procuring lumber led to the
establishment of a new industry about 1857, w hen a
combined flour and lumber mill was built on the flat,
then east ofthe town. Messrs. Mara, \\ ilson, Mcintosh
and Usher were the owners. The last named gentleman was the Government agent at Kamloops at that
time, and met an untimely death, while engaged in the
performance of his duty, at the hands of the McLean
and Hare gang, four in number, in December, INTO.
The murderers were hanged at New Westminster.
January 31,1881.
The year 1K7K saw another steamer built on these
waters, the Lady Duflerin, the property of Mm. Fortune. The boat did a general carrying business, running between Savona and Spallumcheen. TheSpalium-
cheen, owned by Mara & Wilson, also plied on the
same waters for a number of years.
Apart from the settlement that had been quietlv and Kamloops Wawa.
27
steadily going on in the district for some time, another
important factor was at work in this decade in assisting
to build up Kamloops, and this was the fact that from
its position Kamloops would be a place of some importance on the line of the proposed Canadian Pacific
Railway. It had been the intention to carry the road
out to the coast at Hute Inlet, and in 1872 surveyors
were sent out to survey the North Thompson and to
explore for a route from the Clearwater to the Cariboo
wagon road, with the view of getting to Hute Inlet via
Chilcotin, but this idea was abandoned and it was ultimately decided to bring the line down the North
Thompson to Kamloops and then carry it to the salt
water by the route since adopted.
Kamloops was given telegraphic communication in
1S7S, the line being built by the Liberal Government
under Premier Aiex. Mackenzie. F. J. Barnard, who
afterwards sat in the House of Commons as representative for Vale district, was the contractor for this work.
Kamloops was now fairly on her feet, and boasted
of hotels as well as stores. The Dominion Hotel was in
the hands of Mcintosh et McPhadden, and the Cosmopolitan was conducted by John Peterson & Dasson-
ville. Mara & Wilson had the only store in the village,
the Hudson's Hay Company's store being somme little
distance west of it, where, near the ferry, the old
buildings are yet standing. In 1SS0 there were three
stores, three hotels, tw o blacksmith shops and a school.
Father Grandidier was the first resident clergyman
taking up his abode in Kamloops in 1S7S. He and
other v isiting clergy man attended to the spiritual welfare ofthe people. In that year A. Watson, of Vieto*
ria, built the Peerless steamboat for J. A. Mara to
run, according to the Colonist "between Cook's Ferry
and the head of navigation." The Peerless made a trip
to Harper's mill, at the mouth of the Bonaparte (near
Ashcroft), in June 1881, without using a line on the
journey, accomplishing the distance, 20 miles up
stream, in five hours, and subsequently made one trip
to Cook's Ferry (Spcnce's Bridge). Captain John Ir- 28
Kamloops Wawa
I
ii
ving being in command. Kamloops reached out for trade
in those (lays, perhaps, proportionately more than today, although trade was not always ofthe briskest.
The Standard a Victoria newspaper that long ago
ceased to have its being , in the issue of June 12, 1NS0.
savs: " Times at Kamloops are dull at present. The
Shuswap mill has been under water for the past month.
The Tranquille mill is running night and day. The
steamer Lady Duflcrin is making regular trips every
Tuesdav to Spallutncheen. Large quantities of flour are
being shipped from Tranquille mill to Savona's Ferry,
Cariboo and other places."
In building the Peerless. Mara & Co. showed their
faith in the business future of the district. Captain Ins-
ley was the navigator and August Manenteau, still a
resident in the district, was also an officer of this steamer. For several years this craft made regular trips
from Savona to the headwaters of the Shuswap lakes,
but now, in company with two discarded hulks, she lies
at the edge of the river, her day of usefulness gone.
In December, 1SS0, J. F. McCrcight was appointed
a judge for the inland country , to sit at Kamloops.
May, 1881, saw .Major Rogers set out from Kamloops by steamer to Eagle river to look for a pass
through the Selkirk range for the C. P. R., construction on which was now going forward with vigor. A
pass was subsequently found, and the route was again
changed. The Vellow Head Pass was abandoned, and
an entirely new route was selected, the line reaching
Kamloops by the South Thompson instead of by the
North branch. At about the same time we find that in
the pressthe claims of Kamloops as the proper capital
ofthe Mainland were put forward and discussed.
In the same year increased mail service was given to
points east, reached by wagon road from Kamloops.
So far a semi-monthly mail had been given, but in the
spring of 1KKI the mail contract from Cache Creek to
Okanagan Mission (now known as Kelownai, via
Kamloops and Spallumcheen, giving a weekly service Kamloops Wawa.
29
for four years, was awarded to J. B. Leighton. the
present energetic superintendent ofthe Hritish Columbia Fxpress Company.
Social life in the earlier days was not marked by
the lines that characterize it to-day. The people were
almost like one large family, and at times they met
for jollity and pleasure; balls and impromptu dances
in winter, at which Donald McLean generally scraped
the fiddle; horse-racing and other sports on such public holidays as were observed in the little town. But a
change was at hand. The C. P. R. was coming slowly
but steadily nearer. The shrill whistle of the iocomo-
tivewassoon heard at Savona, and in the winter 1SS4
the grading of the roadbed between that point and
Kamloops was under way Kamloops was now a busy
place, with a constant stream of people going and
coming, and it was not without its distinguished visitors. October, 1882, had seen the Marquis of Lome in
Kamloops, and three years later the Marquis of Lans-
downe. his successor to the Governor-Generalship,
visited the town.
Cp to 1SS4 no newspaper had been published at
Kamloops, but in that year the Inland Sentinel made-
its appearance as a Kamloops publication. This was
not, however, the beginning ofthe paper. Mr. Hagan.
its founder, first established the paper at Fmory . a
few miles below Yale, on May 29, 1880, moving to
Vale shortly afterwards. While there located, Mr. Hagan, added to his outfit a printing plant of some historical note. In the fifties. Bishop Demcrs, on returning
from a visit to France, is said to have brought with
him an old-fashioned press that was taken to Mexico
bv some Jesuit fathers and used in California. After
being used a short time by the Hishop in Victoria,
Hon. Amor de Cosmos acquired the press and began
issuing from it the Hritish Colonist. Afterwards this
plant was taken to Cariboo and on it in 1862 and for
some few years the Cariboo Sentinel was printed. It
was this outfit that Mr. Hagan bought in ISSO from
the kite (i. Bvrncs. then of Cariboo, and used it in his 80
Kamloops Wawa
little establishment. Moving with the times and the
railway, Mr. Hagan brought the Inland Sentinel to
Kamloops, where it has remained.
In that same year the first firemen's company was
established, the meetings at which it was formed being
held in Spelman s (Cosmopolitan hotel, in August.
The following month a movement was set on foot t<>
build a hospital in Kamloops. Subscription lists were
opened and a provisional board of directors appointed.
Arrangements were soon made, and the contract for
the building was given to W. A. Simmons. The hotels
in 1SS4 were of some importance, for half the population lived in them. The Arlington now the Queen's
was kept by Sears & Nicholles. Jos. Ratchfbrd,
recently the superintendent ofthe Provincial home,
ran the Kamloops house. Cannell had the Dominion.
J. T. Fdwards the Cosmopolitan and Desormier the
Colonial. The medical profession was represented by
Dr. S. J. Tunstall, now of Vancouver, and Dr. Offer-
haus, now of Spallumcheen.
W. W, Spinks, now judge of the county court, was
then practising as an attorney. and for some time was
the only member of the bar in the town The housekeeper of the present day would be staggered were
our storekeepers to revert to the prices of 1SS4. Flour
was SO per 100 lbs.; ham and bacon 'M) cents per lb..
tea SO cents to $1,50 per lb. ; pork 25 cents ; sugar 25
cents and eggs To cents a dozen. Hay sold at $25 per
ton, and lumber at $20 to $30 per thousand.
Eighteen eighty-four was a memorable year in tin
history of Kamloops in many ways. October of that
year witnessed the first visit of a member of the Pi
vincial Government, in then perssn of Hon. W
Smvthe, then Premier, who was also  Chief Commis-
i )���
in
sioner of Lands and Works,  which latter portfbli
after his death in ISS7. fell  to !���'. G. \
< i.
ernon, one <>
the   three   members    for  Yale   district, which  then
for the first time secured cabinet representation.
The next year saw many advances made. The Hue! Kamloops Wawa.
:;i
son's Hay people moved their store into the town. A
new steamer, the Kamloops. was built early in the
year, and was launched in April, the machinery being
th
the M
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^rmerl;
run below Yale.
Failing to come to an arrangement with Mr. Mara
for the transport of supplies, Mr Onderdonk determined to build a steamer to ply on these waters, he also
using the machinery from a discarded steamers, the
Skuzzy, which had made the eventful and only trip
through the canyon of the Frascr. A hull was built at
Savona, the machinery installed, and then an arrangement was made. The Skuzzy was put to good use,
however, serving as a floating hotel for the tracklayers,
and moving along with them, as they came on towards
and beyond Kamloops. The Skuzzy was afterwards
bought by Mr. Mara, and is now lying beside the
Kamloops and Peerless,  sheer hulks all three.
In July, 1885, the railway track reached Kamloops.
and on November 7th of the same year, at 3o'clock
in the afternoon, the first through train from the east
to Port Moody arrived.
In the same year John Peterson disposed of his
ranch lying to the east of the old town to the townsite
syndicate, of which Messrs. Mara. Ward and Pooley
were members. The new townsite was surveyed at once
by R. II. Lee. and it was not long before houses and
stores replaced the produce of the farm. The attempt
to change the businesscentreof the town fromitscram-
ped quarters in the old site to the new townsite was
not a success, and several who endeavored to build
up businesses in the new ground met with financial
disaster. Such a change must come spontaneously,
and there are now signs that the migration in earnest
it beginning. In lSSo the Government decided to build
a new court house. Government Agent Tunstall chose
the present central site, and in that same year its
construction was entered upon. The old court house
had long passed its very limited sphere of usefulness. B2
Kamloops Wawa
It still remains intact a log cabin, whitewashed, with
the cells opening direct into the confined space that
served as court room, in which indeed many matters
of grave moment have come before the judges of both
the County and Supreme courts. Court day was deemed a sort of festival, and the coming of a Supreme-
court judge and Mr. Justice Walkem was the favorite was looked forward to with a zest that is not
seen in the present and more prosaic age.
With the coming of the C. P. R., the town grew
steadily, and its being made a divisional point at once-
added largely to its growing population. In early
days, water was carried from the river in buckets, or
hauled up in barrels, but with the growth of the town
these means became altogether inadequate. Mr. Mcintosh, who was never lacking in enterprise of a certain
sort, met the want and supplied the town from a reservoir into which the water was pumped from the
river. By private enterprise also the town was supplied with electric light, so that Kamloops was not far
behind her larger sisters. In ISO!, the city was incorporated, and the water and light services were acquired by the municipality by purchase. New plants
have since been put in, and such is the rate of growth
in recent years that still another change has been rendered imperative.
In L896 the presence of copper-gold ore was discovered on Coal hill, not far from the place where a few
years previously Major Vaughan and others had mined
with more or less success for coal. The historv of
the mining industry from the date of the location of
the Python in l.S'.Mi is a history unto itself, and does
not find a place in this brief sketch. ��� 88 ���
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INDIAN CALENDAR   POR   1904-1905.
I    Work Ihiv. S   Sunday.  F   F
east of Obligation   0   raslDay
Q   Ftsst Day tvhi re Flesh M<
at is allowed    \   Christmas.
1904
L905
.IV. 1                       1 o
JA. 1   1   1  1  1  1  1   1
:{   S  II   II   II
s   S  1   1   11   1   1
10   S  1   I   1   1   1   1
|.">    S   M   II   II
i;  s i i 1 I I I
23   s l  il  l  M
34   S  1   1   1   1  1   1
29   s I  I
31   S
PE. 1              II  II
AU. 1        1   1   1   1   1   1
5   s I  1  I  I  II
;  s i i i i i i
12   s |  |  ||  m
14   S   1   1   1   1   1  O
V.)   S   II   1   1   1   1
81   s 1  1  1  1 1  1
26   s  l  l
28   SMI
MA, 1               Mil
SE. 1                  III
:.   s I  i o o o o
^sy^L\\m\\m\\{m\                          1       S      II      II      II
18  s <{ <{ o <{ o o
1      11
19   s o 0 o 0 0 i)
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26   s n n o <{ o
^^^             ���>:>   SIMM
AP. 1                       <!
- 1!
OC. 1                       1
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16  8 1 1 1 1 1 1
.]:.   S   1   1   1   1   11
23   s I  |  1  1  1   1
30   S
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IY. 1       1   II  1   11
NO. 1          1   1  1  1   1
m         S      1       I       M       II
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13   s l  l  ||  1   1
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87 s ii o
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DE. 1                 1 0 1
1    S   II   ||   I  0
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11   S 1   MM 0 0
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IS   S  1   10 | 0 0
25   SIMM
25   X II  1  1  I   I KAMLOOPS WAWA
II
Canadian Pacific Railway Co,
f|7��
rickets to all Point
EAST
and
WEST
At the Lowest Rates.
Tor further Information npplj to
station Agent, Kamloops.
or to
��:. .1. C0YLE
A. U. P. A. Vancouver 12
KAMLOOPS WAWA
THE CLIFF SAFETY.
NO   OVERGENERATION.
The Cheapest. Simplest.
And most Economical
ACETYLENE   GAS   MACHINE
ON THE MARKET TODAY
THE SAFETY
LIGHT AND HEAT CO.,
DUNDAS, Ont
8
uight.
...$ 16.00.
.1 <ie-i
MT
;">
)���
28.00.
o
9
10
��   ..
.      10.01).
o
��
20
��
.    63.00..
���>
H
80
)>   ..
.      Wl.OO.
2
��
PRICE LIST.
m Light. .$ 76.00...8 Qtnorfttoi
60      ii  ...   88.60...1        i
60     I  ...   90.00...8        \>
80     i   ... 105.00...8
!'��(��      B   ... 12o.no...2
Brass Ell Ooolci for Burnen $8.76 per dot. KAMLOOPS WAWA id
Consumption cured.
An old Physician, retired   from practioe, hael
placed in his hands hy an Kast   India Missionary the
formula of a Bimple vegetable remedy for the speedy
ind permanent cure of Cosumption,Bronchi! is, Catarrh,
Asthma, and all throat and Lungafifections : also a positive and radical cure for Nervous Debility and all nervous coin plaints. Saving tested its wonderful curative*
powers in thousands of cases, and desiring to relieve
human Buffering, I will send free of charge to all who
wish it this recipe, in French, German or English, with
lull directions for preparing and using. Send by mail.
bv addressing, with stamp, naming this paper.
W. A. NOYES.
s 4-7   Powers Block.
ROCHESTER. V. Y.
THE Bltt SPOT GASH STORE | Jha K AIHL00P8
KAILOOPS. I: ���'.
Dealer in:
Un Goods. Gent's Fur- I* the leading news-
nishings. paper ofthe Interior of
House Furnishings, British Columbia. It is
Hats ami Caps,   Boots ably edited and nicely
ami simm's. printed, and gives all
Shirts and Collars, etc., the news of the upper
' Always a large assort- country.
men, of Groceries and g 2.00 per year.
Provisions. " _ .,       ,       , .  .
Liberal   advertising
m BBATON ��fo Job Department
kM-WiPv is second to none. 44
KAMLOOPS WAWA
J. R. HULL & C��.
PURVEYORS OF MEATS
CONTRACTORS
AND GENERAL DEALERS
IN LIVE STOCK.
KAMLOOPS. B. C
Harvey and Bailey.
ts,
A COURSE
In Ailvt'itisin
Oiu> Dollar.
if
wnuLscssK
m
i Clinton Hotel
. a r i r����� 11
the of
onsiness making ideas,
and which during the
mni year, gives a thorough
treatment of the different
phases of advertising, n ill
pi |VT|.V   D Resent to anj address  In
I IJ.MII.>. I). I. Canada or the United Sta
tes, for one I toiler.
im< oiii'i'ii ii Send ten cents for a sam-
JOS. SMITH, Proprietor. piecopy-" w��> *��� *<**
a dollar to \ on. KAMLOOPS WAWA ,���>
lMt ("Itu reft street 2669, Notre Dame Street.
TORONTO MONTREAL
ESTABLISHED 1842
II. & J.SADLIER d Co.
Ctifltii/tr Ttthl tsjiri'.s   lit ink sell r rs iV Sftttitnti rs.
Piihh.shrr.s of t'tiilmlte Edutxitiion Text BookSs
for Pn nut elf. St etniil,11-1/, Advanced
a nil (i rod tttiti fi ('lasses.
/ III J>t 'I'll   I'S  i >f
(fill fi II   ('I'l'il nit ids.    I t sf iite it ts.  Slit P'tl I'lf it llfl
lit Ifi/tuiis A rt nit s,
Tthe Dominion si'rii-s of Catholic School Hooks:
Until i mi (hurts.  Maps. < I loins,
hoiiiininn Edition of
I'. IK A 8. TRACING I'll IM A Ii 1 ��t utha mttl copies.
E. G. PRIOR & Co.
" LIMITED LIABILITY M
IMPORTERS OP
IRON, STEEL, AND GENERAL
HARDWARE;
AGRICULTURAL   IMPLEMENTS,
WAGONS, BUGGIES, ETC.
VICTORIA. - VANCOUVER. -1 KAMLOOPS. 16
KAMLOOPS WAWA
.: (So to i
THE
.       QUILCHENA HOTEL
2.   19. ^Orqon (*>    Near the Centre of Nicola
o-i      ... Lake-
For wrmfcirt, Forty Hve lmle8 gouth of
���3ar��ete, Kamloops.
binoleumd, A Health and Summer
Resort.
Sdeqcjing, Beautiful Scenery and
anil everutfnna in  CKe oliinate.
a    N   ,    i-aS-     p       ED-   O'ROURKE.
nouee t u mii Ant net fine, tr
h * PROP.
FIRST CLASS HARDWARE
STORK: Mt CLARY
Famous Stoves & Ranges:
SHEEWU-WILLUM8
Paints and Varnishes:
Me DORMICE Banes ting
machinery;
Full Slock of repairs.
J. T. LEEMING. KAMLOOPS.
THE INLAND
SENTINEL
The oldest, besl know n,
and most \\ idely circulated
newspaper In the Interior
of British (lolumbia.
It is published everj Tuesday and   Friday, and   will
he mailed   to any address
in Canada or the United
States for twelve months
on reeeipt
of Two Dollars.
To Have The Best
Quality at the lowest
prices. Buy your
Groceries at:
W. R, ROURKE
KAMLOOPS
1  or llJolninci  o
all    Kinds :
I'or   dry    (bcoas.     pools
Cj   Onccs.     for   broccri? I
fea  C   Ceff���. a!  f\yM
loweg!   prices   or  cosK
I?   piece It Iraee   is ���!
m^rttyur&Jterper
ii KAMLOOPS WAWA
McLENNAN & McFEELY THB HUDSON'S Hay Co.
122, Cordova Street, The Old Timers Friend.
Vancouver. B-.C. Established
Dason city. N. W. T. \viK.n yMlI want something
Wholesale Hardware. you ean depend on
Wood Mantles, Brass fenders. to eat, drink, or wear.
Fire Iron Grates, Qaj]  on
Hearth ft Floor Tiling. tQ
Etc. Etc.
Bar Iron, Steel,  Plate Glass, n'   D<  { u-
Paints, Oils, etc. KAMLOOPS. B. C.
T
Charles If. SI
17, WATER STRBBT
VANCOUVER.
11 ighest   Prices paid
for furs &  Skins ;
I raps for sale, also
Baits i<>r attracting all
kinds of animals to traps.
Harmon
Brothers
Carriage builders ft for Tourists and
lilaeksmiths. Sportsmen.
UILMH.     Adam FmuSm Pr0P'
Co,
MaiiiifartiiriiiL' Co.
LIMITED LIABILITY
Kamloops. B.C
LAKE VIEW HOTEL
SAVONA. B . C
SOMMER RESORT is KAMLOOPS WAWA
FOR ROUGH SKIN
Some people like Olive oil:
it is loo greasy for many, though some people
prefer glycerine:
but that is too sticky for others.
Then, there are some who use Benzoin
and Rose Water
But more beople are learning a tout
OUR CUT/LAVE.���
Every day more people are using it. tt is n't
sticky or greasy, an J if softens an1 heats, hvenh
Five Cents.
THE MAILER) DRUG Co. Ltd. KAMLOOPS. B.C.
,NV hsr ril a    fiii'l/ii    f\ 11 i/Jt it nix    \\ it iiit
Fifty cents a year all over the nor in.
I h i no*t/r tt ml Shai'thand,   ran tain mo tht   etilliOtA.
(piste ( b i tun >l,   I i ii it! ii in i if iill fin   wordn ntftsstiin
in speak  ( hxtiooh   una no niort   Ainu uraniinatiiYO
notes Ml 7.77 .1/ i.x PARVO Only fifteen cents,
I In    Wiiitti    Sin n't fni nil   I ust, net i if    l'],i filtl I n I /"/ ill
plot n cnijlish tht principles of this, flu plainest sy*
ft in of sliorf/tiiin! in tf,i it;>i/il (tfer fiitIre hundred
copies sold already   Send to out/  address   in   th(
Postal I nion, far fifteen centu
Passion Play, or rather Panttitm Tabteaiut, by tht
Indians, fully illtudrated, photogravures talcen from
ilo  tableaux at tht  tinu  of tht   representeaAion.
Twenty Fire Ci nts,
Adress.   Ilatrti   Kamloops*   It C,  Canada
i! Supplement to the Kamloops Wawa
EARLY  CHURCH HISTORY
Trials of the Martyrs
IN
CHINOOK
Compiled m J   M. LE JEUNE, 0.  M. I.
KAMLOOPS.
I.HI4  INTRODUCTION
ST. W \U\   MAGDALEN
III
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1 INTRODUCTION ��� VERONICA & THE HOLY FACE    VII
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xiii
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4P[-d Op ��� - cty' ty, 4m\*o - *- ' XIV
Earli  Church  Histori
7. SCMatdtac.^Ct^.
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XVI
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XIX
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V" Eari \  Chi rch   History
\xi
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Earl^ Chi rch   History
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XXIII
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Ivxki.y Church History
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