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The Prospector Feb 13, 1915

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Array B.C. Gov. Agent-469-Jul
■y 30-14
Wood  Distillating Process
Conducted in Co-operation with the   British Columbia Forestry Branch at
the Plant of the National Woo d Products Company, Wilmington, N. C, August 15-18, 1914.
Approved:     Howard Weies, Director,
Sept. 4,  1914.
Signed:    R. D. Palmer, Chemist in
Forest Products, Aug. 28, 1914.
Sept. 4, 1914
This report describes a commercial
test made at tha plant of the National Wood Products Company, Wilmington, N. G, August 15-18, 1914,
using western yellow pine stumps.
The object of the test was to record
the yields ot certain distillation products from this material. Tbe test
was a mutual co-operation between
the British Columbia Forestry
Branch who supervised the collection
of the material and paid the cost of
collection   and   shipping to the Wil-
without supervision of a representative of the forest service.
A number of the portions of stumps
were quite large and were split by
means of wedges and axes into pieces
not exceeding six inches maximum diameter, since this size has been found
to be the maximum for the best working conditions of the process. The
wood was found to be exceed'ngly
tough, and it is believed that a mechanical reduction of the stumps to
a suitable size world be necessary in
mington plant; the National Wood commercial operation. Using n^gro
Distillling Company, Wilmington, N. Iabor at 14 to 15 cents Per hour the
C, owners of the Prltchard process |cost °f splitting the material used in
under which patent the Canadian the test was about $5.00 per cord,
company proposes to operate; Mr. | :t waq flrst Mended to divide the
Harry C. Moore, managing director, samPle into several lots according to
of the Canadian Wood Distilling com- i apparent "fatness," in order to get
pany, Cranbrco'c, B. C., who contemplates operating a plant on western yellow pin: stumps, and the United States Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin. The test
was conducted under the general supervision of Mr. H. M. Chase, president National Wool Distilling company, and Mr. J. L. Grafflin, superintendent of the plant. All th? details of weighing the raw material,
measuring o' the products, and recording the data were conducted by
as much data as possible 0n the proportion of selectable material in a
given area. A careful examination of
the wood as it waB being split indicated, however, that the material as
a whole was uniform in quality and
that the original plan would not be
feasible. Occasionally a particularly
fat piece was found but such pieces
would have represented less than one
per cent of the total. The wood was
culled as far as possible three times,
tbe culls in   most cases representing
tha author as representative of the the Pieces obviously light in weight
United States Forest Prodcts Lab-|0r contain'^ an especially large pro-
oratory, with the assistance of Dr.|P°rtion of decayed sapwood. Ab
J. S. Bates, superintendent of the 8hown in the data to ,ollow the culls
Forest Products Laboratories of Can-! represented only about 9.75 percent.
ada. The test was also witnessed by of the wei*>'ht of the wood in the car'
Mr. T. W. Prltchard, inventor 0« the!   " may be stated that if the   area
process, Mr. L. M. Ellis, assistant
superintendent of forests for the Canadian Pacific Railway, Dr. H. K.
Benson, professor of industrial chemistry University of Washington, Dr.
0. F. Stafford, professor of chemistry University of Oregon, Mr. Chas.
L. Campbell of Badger & Sons, Boston, Mass., Mr. G. D. MacKinnon, of
MacKinnon nnd Holmes, Rherhroo'e,
Que., and Mr. G. P. Greeley, patent
attorney, Washington, D. C.
The wood tested consisted of a car
from which the test material came
represents average conditions in:tbat
region the uniform resin content of
the stumps as determined in the test
is of great importance from the stand
point of commercial operation as no
selection wo.ild be necessa'y except
for the stumps very largely decayed.
The method employed in the test
was one in which the wood was destructively distilled. Tbe important
feature of the process was tbe use of
a hot oil, practically nin-volatile at
load: of stumps report, d to have been I °» maximum temperature employed,
collected near Cranbroo't, B. C. Mi-1 as a heatin* medium- ThiB °" clrc"-
croscopic examination of a nnmbar lated through coils of pipe surrounl-
of samples taken at random just as inS the «'ood in the retort and re-
the wood was loaded Into the retort t,lrned to a furnace for Waiting at
indicated all the,physical ch .racteriB- ,,ralucn- intervals. By this means the
ties   of    western yellow pine (pinus heat "PPli!d   to the wood was   con-
ponderosa). The report of the ^ylo-
tomist wh.) examind thc wood is appended. The report of Mr. J. D. Git-
mour, district forester forest branch,
Cranbrook., B.C., which describes the
character of the material, the method
used in collecting, and the extent of
selection is also appended to this report.
The   wood    was   practically    one
month in transit including a transfer
trolled within 10 to 15 degrees F.
and as a result of the heat control the
volatile hydrocarbons, turpentine,
and pine oil were distilled Irom the
wood essentially free (rom products
ot decomposition such as resin oils,
tar, etc.
Tho wood was first weighed in
small curs holding about .35 co.d
each and thc cars were then run into
the retort.   Nino cars comprised one
War in the Local Camp
W. B. McFarlane seeks to disqualify
Cranbrook's Aldermen
Papers have been issued this week
by W. B. McFarlane on Aldermen
Balment, Clapp, Erickson, Jackson,
Leask and Stevenson of the City of
Cranbrook with the purpose of disproving their qualifications to sit
in council as the people's representatives tor the year 1810.
The circumstances surrounding the
incident are such as have aroused the
interest of every citizen in the city
as to its possible outcome. The matter is to be tried in the Supreme
Court of British Columbia and was
dated for the nth inst., hut owing
to it being necessary for the recipients to receive their papers so
many days before the sitting of the
court the lawyers representing Mr.
McFarlane aflked for and obtained a
postponement until next week in
which to hear the case. Messrs. Law
and Fister are tbe solicitors acting
on behalf of Mr.  McFarlane.
The plaint asked that an information in the nature of a Quo Warranto
be exhibited against the various aldermen to show by what authority
they exercised the office or franchise
of aldermen of the City of Cranbrook. It further states that the returning officer, T. M. Roberts, had
no right to refuse the nomination
papers of Messrs. W. B. McFarlane
and J. B. Hall at the last election
and accept the nomination papers of
other candidates, because when the
time of the opening of the nomination papers came and the papers were
opened the returning officer announc
ed an election and named all the parties as candidates (excepting that of
Geo. Stevenson which was referred to
the city solicitor) and it was not until the next day that a word was said
about the papers of W. B. McFarlane or J. B. Hall not being in order; about one o'clock the remaining
candidates were declared elected by
Mr. McFarlane is open to prove in
court that the nomination papers of
the aldermen elected do not comply
with section :i7 of the act or with
form .i of the schedule to such act.
Also he is open to prove that the
written qualifications furnished by tbe
said aldermen are irregular in that
they are not dated. Further he declares he is open to prove that his
own nomination papers are perfectly
regn'ar and should have been accepted and acted upon by the returning
Th» papers issued against George
Stevenson will not bear on the case
to any extent as Mr. Stevenson sent
in his resignation to the council some
time ago.
In reference to the returning officer,
T. M. Roberts, and his action in declaring the present aldermen eligible
to their office and declaring the papers of W. B. McFarlane and J. B.
Hall out of order, it is as well to
understand that he acted on the advice furnished him by the city solicitor and that he believed when he
made sucb declaration tbat he was
acting in strict accordance with the
requirements of the law.
Meeting of City Council
Proposed City Market Building—Economy is now
considered—City Engineer discharged
of the wood from  a damaged car at, <h"K° ,or "nK retort-   The tempera-
Cinclnnuti, Ohio.   This transfer   was)
Continued on Page Two.
The usual monthly meeting of the
city council was held in the council
chambers on Monday afternoon when
Mayor Bowness presided, and Aldermen Leask, Eric'sson, Balment, Jackson and Clapp were in attendince.
The minuteB of the previous meeting were on motion adopted as read.
A letter re the appointment of the
police and license commissioners was
received and filed.
A communication was read fr0m thai
Mainland Firewriters Association addressed    to Fire    Chief   Foster    in |
which they thanked him for the clean/
nnd detailed report given to them by |
his   department;    they   alto wished
him to to have sent to them a copy |
of the new water system.   On motion i
of Aldermen    Erickson and Balment
it  was moved  that a   plan of    thc
whole water system he prepared   to-
geth r    with complete  specifications, I
etc., as arc necessa'y for tbelr information.
Thc accounts were tirn presented
by th: tlnence committee as approved by them, with the exception ol accounts Iron the C.P.R. telegraph,
Han?on Garage and I nwrence Vee-
herg. Theee required rotie explanation dom the chiet ol I'o'ice and until his return they were tabled until
the ni'Kt meet'nj, With th^so three
oxoept'ona the accounts oi motion of
Aid. Clapp nnd Erieksotl were ordered to be raid.
The report ot thc city engineer, J.
Glenday, waB rend for the month of
January and on motion of Aldermen
Leask and Clnpp adopted   as   read.
The report can be found in another
Aldermen Jackson and Clapp moved that it having come to the notice
of the city authorities that persons
have used water keys for turning on
end oil water that notice be given in
future that persons using same without permission being first obtained
from the city clerk's office such persons will be prosecuted.   Carried.
Aldermen Jackson and Clapp moved that the city engineer and water
committee be instructed to check up
the water system of the city, and to
ascertain if persrni are in'n? water
with mt paying for same.   Carried.
Alderman Balment drew the council's attention to the fact that there
are a lot of ratepayers seriously in
arrears for their water rates and suggested that some measure be taken
to have same collected. Mr. Balment
gave some surprising fictires to kack
up his statements that can be borne
out by the records where taxes are
arrears 'or aTO-nts r" M42, w.-.,
$181, S125, a"d numerous ones from
•Sin to SOO. Considerable discussion
ensued as to the ways and means of
hnving ths money collected, all .the
aldermen being of tbe firm conviction that strong measures Bhould be
taken, especially wben eome ol those
ow'n_ large sums can well a"ord to
cover the amount.
On notion of Aldermen Jackson
and liniment it was decided that Persons who are in arrears ii the same
is not pnld by Mnrch Mist tbelr wnt-
Contlnued on  Page Five. PAGE TWO
Wood Distillating
Continued from Page One.
ture of the oil bath was then raised
to and maintained at. 485-490 degrees
F., until by experience the odor and
general appearance of the distillate
indicated that tbe turpentine was ofl.
Tbis period took from 8 to 10 hours.
The temperature of the heating medium was then raised as quickly as
possible to C50 degrees Fahrenheit.
This required from one to two hours,
and during this period a second fraction of distillate called the "light
oil" was obtained. The transition
point betwei n light oil and the third
stage of the process or tbe "heavy
oil" stage was apparent within a|j.oiit
10 minutes, being indicated by the
presence of heavy oils in the distillate aud the appearance of wood gns
frou the end of the condenser. As
soon as the heavy oil had practically stopped running ihe fire was
drawn and a certain amount of cold
oil mixed with the hot to aid in
cooling down the charge. The heavy
oil period required about four hours
en.1 the total cycle of distillation
about 16 hours.
As soon as the heavy oil stopped
running an outlet provided for the j
purpose was opened at the back of .
the retort and the soft pitch that
had collected was allowed to flow-
out, the retort having a back slope
of 6 inches in 90 feet.
The charcoal was unloaded at   the (
end of a 2 i-hour cycle and was weighed immediately.   Ibe   coal was quite;
hot  and small  fires had  started   by ;
the    time  it   was  weighed.     It   was >
then necessary to spray the cha-coal
with a quantity of water to prevent
its complete loss.   Cooling   the   hot !
charcoal    by    means    of water   very
largely    destroyed    the hard,   bright
qualities which are characteristic   elf,
good chqrcoal.     The    charcoal     was
subsequently    used    as   fuel at    the
All of the gross distillates were
run right from the ends of the condensers to open barrels or tanks. The
turpentine anl light oil were measured at frequent intervals during the
distillation, but the tar oil and accompanying pyroligeneous acid obtained in the third or destructive
distillation stage were allowed to
settle for about 12 hours in a large
shallow tank before determining the
total quantity of each.
Run No. 1 was only run through
the turpentine stage. Because of a
leak in the oil bath pipe in tbe furnace it was not thought advisable to
heat the oil to the high termperature
necessary for destructive distillation.
Runs No. 2 and 3 were, however, run
through the visual process. Run No.
3 contained the culls which filled
three cars but only comprised 30 per
cent, of the weight of the charge.
The complete log of Run No. 2
ehowing the temperature of the oil
bath a point just before entering the
retort and also the time required for
each stage of the distillation is
shown in Table 1.
Crude Products—The weight of
wood used in the different runs and
the yield of crude products from
c-ach, together with the average results from the entire test are shown
in Table 2.
Refined Products—Samples of tbe
crudev turpentines of each run were
further examined at the Forest Products Laboratory. The crude turpentines (average sp. gr. .8900 at 15 degree C.) were subjected to steam
distillation in the presence of a little caustic soda and an average of
JM.66 per cent, of clear, light yellow
oil, sp. gr. .sr80, and 15.34 per cent,
of a heavy residl'Q which was practically n in-volatile With steam, sp. gr.
1.0160, was obta'ned, This residue
his been previously noted by the
author in crude turpentine obtained
from tho temperature controlled processes   »nd resembles the heavy   oil
sometimes found in old gum turpentines thnt have been subjected to an
excessive temperature during distillation of the crude gum.
The clear distillates were then fractionated    in  a   Ilempcl   column  and
gave    90.3  per cent,    turpentine and
9.7 pine oil for  the average    of   the
j three runs.   The yields of refined tur-
j pentine and  pine oil  from each   run
on a 90 per cent, commercial: recovery
basis are given in  Table 8,   lt ia also
assumed in these figures thnt a com-
i mercial    wood  turpentine  contains fi
per cent,  pine oil,  viz:  In this   case
; the "refined turpentine" contains all
the turpentine and  practically  CO per
cent of the pine oil.
The wood turpentine from   western
| yellow  pine has a range   of     boiling
loint  from  166  degrees ('.  to  185 degrees c, which is considerably high-
el  than either gum or wood turpentine from longleaf pine.   The western
yellow  pine wo,id  turpentine is further characterised by a lemon-like odor.
A sample of pyrollgneous acid from
Run No. 2  was analyzed for   methyl
al.cohol and acetic acid and indicated
[ the total yield  from the run    to   lie
3.J  gallons of 95  per cent,  wood al-
, oohol,  or  lj  gallons per  cord,    and
lS4i   pounds  of  80 per cent,  acetate
of lime,  or 70.9  pounds per cord of
4000 pounds.
The total fuel required for the complete distillation of 4.66 cords of
wood and one-half of the distillation
(turpentine stage only) of 2.53 cords
was 3. cords of wood and 4} tons of
charcoal. Taking the relative fuel
value of wood and charcoal as 1 to
2J, and assuming one cord of fuel
wood to weigh 3,000 pounds, the total fuel consumed was equivalent to
10.83 cords of wood for 4.66 plus one-
half of 2.53 equals 5.92 cords of wood
distilled equals 1.82 cords of fuel
wood for each cord distilled.     This
Table No. 3.
Yield of Refined Turpentine and Pine Oil
Pine Oil
(4U00  lbs)
Per Cord
Total     Per Cord
Gallons      Gallons
1.87              .74
1.32              .57
.04              .40
Total 7.19 107.10 14.90 4.13 .575
•Contains 04 percent, turpentine, 6 per  cent  pine   oil.    A 10 per cent,
commercial shrinkage of the actual turpentine plus pine oil is assumed
fuel consumption was undoubtedly
higher than normal since this included Keeping steam in the boiler sufficient for the refining operations for
much moro wood than that distilled
In thc test. The actual fuel requirements for distillations were probably
nearer IJ to IJ cords of poor wood
per cord distilled.
1. Seven and one-iifth cords of
western yellow pine were treated by
the Pritchard process of distillation
4 2-3 cords passing through the entire process including destructive distillation and 2} cords through only
the first or turpentine stage. The
process is I one using a circulating oil
bath as a boating medium.
2. The wood tested consisted entirely of western yellow pine stumps
reported to have been collected near
Cranbrook, B. C, and to represent
the average material in that district.
3. The wood was found to have
a uniform resin content. Out of 30,-
000 pounds only 9.75 per cent, was
culled out as obviously poor material.
4. The yield of products per cord
Crude turpentine, containing 20.3 gallons; refined turpentine, 14.9 gallons
pine oil, .57 gallons.
Light oil, 3.5 gallons.
Heavy oil, 70.25 gallons.
Pitch, 40.9 pounds.
Table No. 1
Run No. 2—August 16, 1914.
Weight of wood and cars  16029
Weight of cars   6748
Weight charge    9281
Temperature of Oil Bath Time
Degrees F.
356 8.45 a. m.
450 9.45 a. m.
480 lo a. m.
495 10.15 a. m.
492 11.00 a. m.
487 12.00 m.
490 1.00 p. m.
490 2.00 p.m.
490 3.00 p. m.
490 4.00 p. m.
490 5.00 p. m.
489 6.00 p. m.
4.90 7.00 p. m.
  7.15 p. m.
540 8.00 p. m.
605 9.00 p. m.
650 9.45 p. m.
652 10.00 p. m.
650 11.00 p. m.
650   ' 12.00 p. m.
645 12.15 a. m.
625 1.00 a. m.
  1.30 a. m.
  5.45 a. m.
2.32 cords (4000 lbs).
Retort charged
Distillate began (lf hours)
Turpentine oil (10} hrs.)
Light oil ofl (12} hrs.)
Heavy oil off (16f hrs.)
Charcoal pulled.
Charcoal, 1081 pounds.
Pyrolign:ous acid, containing 79.."i gallons; 96 per cent,   wood alcohol, 1.5
gals.; nn per cent acetate of lime,
70.9 pounds.
•All gallons United States gallons.
5. The fuel consumption during the
test 0f 4 2-3 cords completely and 2}
cords one-half distilled was calculated to be equivalent of 10.83 cordB of
wood or 1.82 cords of fuel per cord
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
Forest Products Laboratory
August 25th, 1914
Memorandum for Doctor Acree:
The 16 samples 0f stumpwood used
in i the Wilmington tests have been
examined and found to be hard pine.
Although no systematic study ot the
structure of the root wood of western yellow pine has been made yet
these samples are found so nearly to
the structure of the' stem wood of
the same that considering their origin they undoubtedly are western yellow pine (pinus ponderosa).
(Signed) A. KOEHLER,
Forest Branch, Cranbrook, B.C.,
July 23, 1914
The Chief Forester,
Forest Branch,
Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir,—Following is a brief report of car of yellow pine stumps
which is now in transit to. Wilmington, North Carolina, to determine ita
value for distillation purposes.,
Soil—Very gravelly, deep, fairly
Stumps Per Acre—On a measured
acre at a point where stumps were
taken for this experiment there were
12,yellow pine stumps from 18 to 24
inches in d'ameter. This number is
below the average for this district
which I think should be placed at 16
of a size and quality suitable for distilling if it is found that the stumps
of this region havo a sufficiently high
content of valuable products to render their distillation profitable.
Condit'on ot Stumps—The stumps
have been cut eight years. Decay ia
noticeable in tbe upper portion ot tbe
stumps from one to two feet, but the
root wood and lower portion of the
stump is sound except the sap immediately beneath the bark. The
heart wood 0' the lower portion is
sound and has a very resinoi is smell
and taste. In the upper portion of
the stump the resinous matter appears to have pretty well leached out
or been destroyed by fungi; the moat
decayed portion of the stumps have
been cut of and do not appear in the
Continued cn Page Three.
Table No. 2-Yield of Crude Products
Charge Crude Turpentine   Light Oil Heavy Oil Pitch     Charcoal       Pyrollgneous Acid
Pounds   40oo      Total
lb. Cords
Per Total
Per    Total
Per    Total   Per
Cord Cord
1 10109XX    2,53
2 9281       2.82
3X       9368        2.34
Gals.    Gals. Gals
50} 22.2
40.5 20.0     10.25
43. 18.85   . 0.
Total  Per
Gals    Gals.    Gals    Lbs.      Lbs,    Lbs.    Lbs.  Gals.     Gals.
70}   95
09}   —
40.9   2527
TotBl 28753
.19  145f   20.3   10}
H        320}   70}
xThis charge contained 2804 pounds of culls. Assuming that the rest of the charge gave as much turpentine as tho average from the other two runs it ia calculated that the wills would have yielded 12 gallons of crude turpentine per cord. .
xxTho moisture content of tho wood  in this charge estimated from thc  weight 0f thc charge before and   after removing thc turpentine centals DO per cent, of the wot weight.
xxxAll gallons are United Statos gallons.
'■'.A.'lHn'.AAAirm.aiSA i I
A National Measure
affecting the coming prosperity of Canada
To tbe Honorable, the Speaker/ and the Members of the
House ot Commons ot Canada in Parliament assembled.
WHEREAS, it is reasonable to expect a great influx of
people from Europe after the cessation of the terrible conflict, when twenty million men under arms will return to
peaceful avocations and many will naturally escape from
the huge burden of taxation, caused through military tyranny.
THEREFORE, your petiticners hunVbly pray your, honorable body to consider the enactment of legislation, whereby
Canada can be prepared to take advantage of conditions
which will be favorable, ln assisting to attract desirable
settlers, who will assist in the development of Canada's
natural resources.
AND WHEREAS, the methods employed in attracting
good immigrants in the past have proved t0 be unsatisfactory, inasmuch as the very opposite to the objective aimed
at was attained, through lack of wise precautions in making preparations to receive and care for the future welfare
of the immigrants, attracted by advertisements issued by
Governments and Corporations.
YOUR PETITIONERS therefore humbly suggest that effective measures should be taken as soon as circumstances
will permit, as follows:—
1. That legislation be enacted empowering the Government to borrow five hundred million dollars, more or less,
for the use of each of the undeveloped Provinces in tbe
2. That provisions be made under careful control to
loan the funds to those engalged in agricultural pursuits, for
the purpose of- encouraging mixed farming, stock raicing,
and other vocations of husbandry, by which workers can extract wealth from tha earth without impoverishing the heritage of mankind.
3. That loans be granted to deserving applicants on
good security, always providing that the money advanced
shall be used for the purpose for which it is intended, on
easy terms of re-payment of the principal sum, say fifty
years, at 6 per cent, interest, more or less, according to the
price the Government of the time can realize on the bond
issue, but always preserving a margin to pay tha cost of
the administration ot the funds.
Your petitioners therefore humbly suggest that an arrangement be mtdj with the present banking institutions of
Canada, which have spent great sums in buildings and the
organization of competent staffs, who could handle the funds
to be dispensed economically and to the advantage of the
people, on a small margin of profit to be regulated by a
Royal Commission. The foregoing is submitted, not as a
Liberal nor Conservative, but as a NATIONAL MEASURE,
which will not embarass the existing nor any future Government.
It will attract the industrious workers of our race from
all parts to share in the profitable results of the development of the great west, which will add to tbe prosperity
of the whole Dominion of Canada. INDUSTRIES FOLLOW
FARMERS. The flrst duty of the state is therefore t0 encourage and assist the producers of the means of existence. ,
Your, petitioners therefore humbly pray tbat due and
careful consideration should be given to the foregoing suggestions, for the good of the people who wish to ^become
industrious workers, but who lack the means of converting
the primitive wiKderness into productive gardens with happy
and peaceful homes,
Your petitioners further respectfully draw your attention
to the fact that considerate and generous measures 0f the
k'ind suggested will tend to disarm "tbe Anarchist," and
will satisfy tbe SENSIBLE SOCIALIST as tbe first important step (not of s0cial retrogression) but of evolution approaching his ideal, from the foundation upwards without
Your petitioners further recommend tbat great railway
corporations should be invited to work in unison witb the
Government in grant'ng easy and attractive terms for intending settlers of the industrious class, thus providing a
permanent source of income for railway companies and
tbeir employees.
Your petitioners further urge your honorable members to
duly consider and enact measures for the nursing and fostering of in'ant industries, which will follow the advent of
millions of prosperous farmers, and thereby conserve the
wealth, trade and commerce of Canada for Canadians.
The undersigned petitioners therefore earnestly pray that
the foregoing suggestions be dealt with by the honorable
members as the importance ot tbe caso deserves.
The Lumber Industry
To the Honorable the Speaker and the Members of tbe
House of Commons of Canada, in Parliament
Your petitioners humbly pray for the immediate consideration of the following questions, which are of momentous
importance to the majority of the people of British Columbia, and more especially to the workmen, the merchants
and allied trades now most seriously affected by the dumping
of American lumber on the only market available for tho
product of the interior of British Columbia.
Your petitioners do no ask for any bounty or favor sucb
as is granted to encourage other industries, but simply that
the most important Industry of the Province of British Columbia shovfd receive th? same measure of justice and protection as enjoyed by otber industries; the lumber trade is
the only one in Canada not protected.
Your petitioners, therefore, humbly pray tbat your honorable.body do without further delay d?al with this important matter and grant immediate relief to the suffering people, who cannot afford to wait for the appointment of the
Tariff Commission and the years of consequent suspense.
Owing to overproduction of lumber in the United States,
and the depressed state of their markets, lumber is being
dumped into Canada at. much less thin the cost of production; the cost of manufacturing is higher in British Columbia | owing to many disadvantages, not the least being that
supplies of all kinds cost more than in the United States
and upon which Canadian lumbermen and other consumers
have to pay duty.
Your petitioners, therefore, pray for the protection they
are justly entitled to reccAe from their legislators, and we
claim that it is their duty to protect all Canadian industries and that it is most un'.ist to discriminate against
lumber alone.
Your petitioners, therefore, ask
1st. Tbat lumber of all kinds (with the exception ot
hardwoods) should be dutiable;
2nd. That an amendment to the Dumping Clause should
be enacted (forbidding the entry of lumber when invoiced below the cost of production, or a provision made that a
duty should be imposed according to its true value.
3rd. Tbat tbe present customs regulations should be
strictly enforced forthwith, as the Americans are using a
machine called a "Canadian duty evader," and many millions of lumber are continually coming across the border and
allowed to escape paying duty, in consequence of which
great loss and suffering is felt throughout British Columbia,
whose trade is paralyzed, all the mills in the interior being
closed down, and thousands of mrn anxiously waiting for
work, which cannot be given to them until Parliament
grants the relief your petitioners pray for. Over thirty
thousand men and their families are dependent on this industry, which is left open to the slaughter of our commercial enemies. The lumber industry in the past provided over
one-third of the total revenue of British Columbia. Her
smokeless chimneys and silent factories supply nn eloquent
answer to some charges made on the floor of the House
when it was stated by an honorable member "that British
Columbia mills paid large sums of interest on the watered
stocks o' some atrocious flotations," whereas the interest
and dividends have not been earned, and cannot, possibly be
earned, under existing conditions.
The settlers on the prairies receive little or no benefit by
the importation of American lumber; it is true that very
high prices are being charged in certain country districts,
for which manufacturers are not responsible, and your petitioners pray that an enquiry be instituted at once to place
the onus where it belongs.
Incontrovertible evidence- can be readily produced to prove
the urgent necessity 'for prompt action, as the lumber market of Western Canada is in tbe bands of, and entirely at
tbe mercy of, American manufacturers.
And, whereas, during recent years the export trade in
lumber from British Columlbia has declined from 90 per cent.
to 6 per cent, in the trade witb Aiwtralirf nnd New Zealand
Your petitioners therefore suggested that such a serious
state of affairs is worthy of careful investigation, _e to the
cause of the loss of trade, and the remedy which should be
applied to regain it. One fact Ib worthy of notice that 90
per cent, ot the export trade was done by British Columbia
whn subsidized Bines were employed, the subsidies were discontinued and after that the trade declined.
The undersigned petitioners therefore cnrn-stly pray that
the natural protectors, the b noraMe representatives of Canadian citizens, in the name of justice, do without de'ay
adopt effective measures to foster and protect Oanod'an
trade and commerce for the benefit of Cannda, and fiirthT,
that tho forogo'n* Important matters shill he raised above
party polltlcB, and dealt with by thc Honorable the Speaker, nnd the Members of tho House of Commons as n measure of National importance. PAGE FOUR
Published  Every  Saturday Morning at Cranbrook,  B.C.
F. M, Christian, general manager
Postage to American,  European  (Br itish   Isles  excepted)   and   other  foreign countries, 50 cents a year extra.
ADVERTISEMENTS—Advertising rates furnished on application. No
advertisements tjut those of a reputable character will bo accepted for
ADVERTISERS AND SUBSCRIBERS.—UnleBS notice to tho contrary
is given to local manager advertisements and BllbBCriptionB will be kept
running and charged  up against their account.
21st YEAR
CRANBROOK, B.C   Fobruary  13th,  LOLD
The wood distillating plant propos
ed to be located In the vicinity of the
City has during the past few weeks
received a considerable amount of criticism respecting Its possible ability
to carry out what the directors claim
our readers will remember that,
ahout a year since many thousands
of signatures were attached to a petition in which the Hon. Minister of
Trade nnd Commerce was asked to
make special efforts to  recapture the
it can do. We were given to mder-llost export lumber trade for British
stand by Mr, Harry Moore when he ' Columbia, and the suggested initial
visited Cranbrook that a report was steps were for the Minister to ap-
bemg prepared by the Forestry De- point one of his commissioners from
partment in respect to the results ob- 'those recommended by tho Lumber
tained by the car-load of stumps Associations from the most cxper-
wbich was shipped to Wilmington, ienced practical men who could make
North Caroliua. at the expense of investigations and fully report as to
the Provincial Government for a the real reasons for the decline in the
thorough test to be made as to the trade and to suggest methods where-
pcssibility of the yellow pin? stump by it could be remedied. This appli-
being used for distillation purposes, cation was supported by the leading
We communicated with the Hon. Wm. hankers of Canada, but the Hon. Min-
Ross, minister of lands, and he re-, ister could not see his way to accede
ferred  our communication  to  H.  R. | to the request.
McMillan, chief forester. Mr. McMil-
land has been kind enough to forward us a copy of th; one
furnished him by R. D. Palmer, chemist in forest products,
nnd approved by Howard Weiss, re
tbe conditions governing the test
made, which we take pleasure in reproducing in another part of our
pnper. At a later date we hope to be
able to place before our readers the
commercial success of this process as
Cn January .'io and 81, this year,
the Hon. R. F. Green was in Cranbrook when these matters were taken up anl fully discussed with tbe
lumbermen. Immediately on the Hon.
member's arrival in Ottawa he and
the member for Victoria, Mr. G. H.
Barnard, interviewed the Hon. Sir
Geo. E. Foster and obtained his assent to the original request.
This is very encouraging and means
much to the people of British Colum-
tbls week? Why, tho election of the
major nnd aldermen by acclamation.
Wasn't it a Joke?" How the Herald
Kcrlbe can turn tho meaning of the
above to say that it asserted that
thc present council was a joke ia best
left to himself to answer if he can.
(This will give the Herald scribe another opportunity to fill a column
this time instead of 10 inches.) So
far as enlightening the Herald scribe
out of our encyclopedia respecting
the restricted district is concerned we)
might, inform bim that tho subject is
too distasteful at any timo to dwell
upon, and wo would respectfully ask
bim to read his own script anain and
take the whole clause in full and not
a disjointed part to serve his own
given by the highest authorities. In j bia> and i( sucl, work aiong these
the interest of the city and district | ]lnes iB continued with vigor we may
it would be well if   a careful reading hope to soon see a great improvement
in trade conditions.
# * « #
Although we do not wish to criticise our contemporary, the Herald,
we would suggest that instead of
inventing news and misreporting facta
it should assist in giving honor where
honor is due. In last week's issue
it would lead people to believe that
Mr. A. E. Watts was addressing political meetings on Cranbrook street
en Sunday evening, the 81st, at the
same time knowing that such a
statement was quite untrue, and why
the Herald shoild persist in publishing things of this kind we cannot understand.
• *   t   •
Ten inches of editorial comment by
tbe Herald scribe on the Postage
Stamp which, according to Buncombe,
was only about six inches in size last
week, goes to prove the work cf the
Postage Stamp. In our issue of
January loth we said that a postage
stamp was worth more than Ub
weight in gold, and that the worth
of a | ostage stamp will oft times
arouse the envy and the jealousy of
human mortals in such a way as to
make them forget the noble tributes
of their profession. For direct falsehoods and misinterpretation the Herald scribe has outreached himself in
this week's issue. Just becauso "the
proper authorities" had not received
"official" information does not go to
prove they did not I; now what othor
citizens knew, Hnd to throw out an insinuation about there being other citizens running the city other than
thc mayor nnd city council is nn
insult to the citizens of tho city who
respect the position which the mayor
nnd aldermen lill too much to attempt
to usurp their right. The writer of
falsehoods continues thut tho Postage
Stamp assorted that the present city
council wus n Joko.   In protection e>f
o! tbis article was made anl a thorough study of its contents wa3 undertaken by those who are pessimistic of its success,
* . . .
During thc present week papers
have been served on the city aldcr-
ment giving notice of action to be
taken in the Supreme Court, Vancouver. In another column we outline the charges mnde and up to thc
present we cannot see upon what
ground Mr. McFarlane ha3 instituted
proceedings other than technicalities
in the nomination papers. The nomination papers of aldermen declared
elected are short of the words "Cranbrook, B. C" pertaining to the date,
but both Mr. McFarlane's and Mr.
Hull's papers are dated over a year
aeo, January llth, 1014, and no occupation for either candidate appears. What the outcome of the proceedings will show when thc case is
placed before His Lordship Justice
Morrison will have to be left to a
later date to be seen. Suffice it to
say that the whole of the proceedings
ba.- caused more than a ripple of excitement to pervade in the city.
.   .   i   .
A large number of citizens from the
upper country visited Cranbrook this
week in company witb the lnvermere
hockey team. The cllect of these ex-
Cbangings of courtesies Will d0 much
toward drawing together the interests of the n irthern and southern
points of the Kootenay Central rnilwny. The visitors en'oyed a good
time 0'ul returned home well pleased
with their reception oven though it
was ol an unofficial character. Tbe
impressions they received of the dc-
nire of the citizens of Cranbrook to
join In mutual interests will assist
materially in furthering the welfare
e;f the Kooleiiiy Valley and promote
the final  plans ol  a   joint Hoard   Of] tho  Stamp  we  will  repent   what,    it
Below is a copy of a letter from A.
E. Watts to the Hon. R. F. Green,
M, P.,  which may be df interest   to
our readers:
Wattsburg, B.  C,
Feb.  12,  lftin
The Hemorable R. F. Green, M.P.,
My Dear Mr. Green:
Your promptitude is certainly
worth noting, you left Cranbrook on
January 81st for Ottawa, and on
February oth, your letter was received here in which you tell us of
your successfiH interview with the
Honourable Minister of Trade and
On behalf of the Mountain Lumber
Manufacturers Association Mr. C. D.
McNabb, the President, desires me to
convey our thanks and appreciation
of the efforts of yourself and Mr.
Barnard, the member for Victoria,
and to congratulate you on the success attained.
At the same time, the Association
wish you to convey our thanks to the
Honourable Sir Geo. E. Foster for
having taken one of the most important steps in assisting to secure
business for Canadians. Whilst our
members will derive no direct benefit
from export trade, we fully recognize
the beneficial effects that will follow
indirectly, as indicated in your letter.
It has been suggested tbat I ask
you to obtain information on the following subjects:
1. Information has been received
that thi British Government is giving
out large orders, one for one-hundred
thousand frame houses for Belgiums,
another for 32,000,000 0f lumber for
Military buildings at Harve, France,
and that other large orders are expected and eo forth. The rumor says
the Hastings Mill has thc order for
the one-hundred-thousand houses.
2. If there is any truth in the fore-
go'ng, will you ascertain through
what Department such orders are given, and whether by competitive tenders or how?
8. The price of lumber delivered at
Havre or other points in Europe,
stating the hind of lumber best
adapted for those markets.
1. Freight rates, coaat points to
Europe via Panama Canal.
5, Freight rate via rail and ocean
from points in tho interior of British Columbia, say, Fornle, Nelson,
Cranbrook, Revelstoke, etc.
fi. Ruling wholesale price of lumber in Liverpool, London, Havre,
It is presumed that the Honorable
Minister of Trade and Commerce can,
without much inconvenience, instruct
his commissioners in Europe to gather the above and other useful information.
thanking you for your
and effective work, with
regards and best wishes,   I
Trado, as has been suggested,
I said:   "What happened In Crnnhrook
Yours very truly,
Winners of Medallions
from St. John's Ambulance
It has recently been brought to our
attention that, the St. John's Ambulance association has awarded medals to three local men who are all
connected with the C.P.R. employees.
The medals arc known as the St.
John's Ambulance Medallion, and are
made in the shape of a cross with a
raised centre, around which is the
name of the /association on thc front
and thc name of the recipient and thc
number by which he is known on the
association hooks engraved on tho
back. The winning of this medal involves a cons'dernble amount of work
nnd study and Is in the majority of
places considered a very grent honor,
eo much so that it invariably is presented to the winner at a semi-public
or public meeting.
The students of the St. John's Ambulance   association    have to    Pass
three examinations before the   winning of the Medallion is at all   possible.   The first course is rewarded ,by
a certificate, the second by   voucher,
and the third,  which is a   particularly   strict   one, is   the medallion.
Our readers must appreciate the   individual efforts of each of the participants before they can fully compre-
; hend the value placed upon them  by
I the winner and his or her friends. In
the first and second examinations Dr.
McKidd came all the way from   Calgary to Cranbrook to make the   ex-
I amination, and for the third examin-
'ation, Dr. Green, as Dr. McKidd was
j unable to make the journey, examin-
I ed the students   for their eligibility
j to the honor of a full fledged   membership to the Association  and   the
worthiness of the student to wear the
medallion to be awarded.
The work 0f these students is not
confined locally by the results of this
studying, especially at this time when,
j nation is fighting nation is the re-
! suit of their teaching becoming more
I and more appreciated. The effect of
the learning received is perhaps better observed in the case of an accident locally when the men of the
Ambulance Corps are at the front
with their knowledge before the doctor can arrive; reference might readily be made to the wide areas of track
over which our trains are traversing
from day to day in this western country; for countless miles and over the
wildest of country where no doctor is
located these men, who are working ,
as part of a train crew, if an accident happened, are ready at a moment's notice to render first aid to
tho injured, and it is on record that
by their aid only have many paSBen-
gers and others today to thank for
the life they now possess.
In their studies Drs. King and
Green assisted the winners of the
above medallions and are proud of
the successes they have won. The
winners were J. Bennett, W. Gibbs
nnd J. Lower. We now take this
opportunity o: drawing the public
attention to the honor that hns accrued to these successful students
and would recommend others to join
the First Aid Classes; it will assist
them in time ol need. The questions which the students had to answer in their last examination aro
given below. Tho list, covers practically all tho information necessary
in case of accident to any individual!
nnd is nn education in itself.
Give treatment 0r describe or Illustrate viva vese for: Venous haemorrhage, epilepsy, varieties of fracture,
fish hook in hand, general treatment
of fracture, circulation of blood, apoplexy, bite by rabid animal, concussion of brain, sunstroke, scalds and
burns, shock nnd collapse, compound
fracture, genornl rules for treatment
of Insensibility, signs of fracture,
what nro varicose veins, dislocation,
compression of brn'n, how to improvise splints, varieties of haemorrhage
improvised „rm slinks, complicated
frncturo,   fainting,  asphyxia,   general V
rule for arresting arterial haemorrhage, snake bite, arterial haemorrhage, stimulants, convulsions in children, rupture, treatment of bleeding
nose, sprains, methods to improvise
a stretcher, suffocation by hot water, bleeding from tooth socket, woman's dress on fire, hysteria, general rules for removal of clothes, poisoning by alcohol!, foreign body in
eye, removal from electric medium,
carbolic acid poisoning, foreign body
in car, poisoning by opium, treatment for wound of abdomen, emetics,
treatment of electric sho^k, acid
poisoning, foreign body in nose, general treatment for poisoning, wounds,
alkali poison ng, tratment of burn by
vitrol, choiing, treatment of injury
to a joint, poisoning by bad food,
fracture of spine, tratment of hanging, treatment of suffocation, general
treatment to wounds.
Treat fracture of: Forearm, jaw,
leg, metacarpus, collarbone, finger,
pelvis, ribs injuring lungs, humerus
(shaft), kneecap, finger, arm bone at
elbow, thigh, arm bone at shoulder,
Arrest or treat haemorrhage at or
for: Carotid arterie, subclavian ar-
terie, axillary arterie, fromt feet, radial and ulnar artery, femoral artery
from palm, facial artery, temporal
artery, varicose veins, brachial artery, popliteal artery, bleeding from
lung, brachial at elbow artery.
Make triangular bandage for: Shoul
der, head, hip, chest, hand, feet,'blacK
knee, elbow.
City Council
Continued from Page One.
er connection will be cut off.
Alderman Jackson gave notice that
ho wUl at the next meeting of the city
council introduce a bylaw to amend
the water system bylaw.
Alderman Clapp gave notice that
he will at the next meeting of the
council introduce a bylaw dealing
with the road tax enforcement.
The council's attention was drawn
to the danger that existed from overhanging snow and ice in various parts
of the city and after disci osion Al.d-
ermen ClaPP and Jackson moved that
owners of property or occupiers be
notified that overhanging snow and
ice be cleared off buildings and unless
it is done tbe city will do it and
charge it up to the responsible party.
Delegations (from the market committee and Cranbrook Agricultural
association being in waiting were accorded a hearing to state their case.
Mr. A. B. Smith, as president of
the Farmers' Institute, explained the
purpose the market committee had in
view, which was to carry on the market as formerly and increase the interest of tho farmers and people in
its welfare, and drew tbe covtact's attention to the fact that there have
been eight markets held to date and
the average turnover by tho market
gardeners has been about 8200 each
week. One ton of meat has been the
average sold. Mr. Smith said that
when thc market flrst started they
received tho market hall free of any
charge hut now it has been found ne-
cossary in (fairness to tbe owner of the
building to pay a rental of 16.00 per
week. At thc present time the committee are without funds and il the
council could see their way clear to
take care of tho W.OO per week he
thought that would help very much.
Mr. B. Palmer said that Mr.Smith
had covered tho ground pretty well,
nnd he would give it his moral support. Tho question he thought the
council ought to ask itself was whether the market was a benefit to the
city. If so, it should be given the
best support of the council. It was
of benefit to tho rancher for selling
his produce and to the consumer for
the lower prices that prevail in competition with the stores. Mr. Palmer
said that whore he was selling pork
for 1"c to 12c for the ord'niry cuts
and npcclal cuts for 1 .ie, it would be
necessary for thc consumer to pay in
the stores 22c, consequently it was a
benefit to the city because it assisted
the working people to obtain what
had been heretofore impossible. Tbe
ranchers are getting the cash for the
produce as never before, and who, after the market, purchase whatever are
their requirements lirom the stores
with the cash they obtained in the
morning. It therefore must be a
benefit to the city, and if they could
see their way to do as suggested by
Mr. Smith he was sure it would be
appreciated by all the citizens of
Mr. T. B. O'Connell on behalf of
the Agricultural association renewed
the yearly appeal for assistance to
th.' fall fair. He said they were faced with difficulties particularly as the
council's attitude as a whole this
year was one of economy. Agriculture is the backbone of the country
and especially of this district 'ior that
now the lumber is about all cut away
there apparently is at tha present
time only the agriculture and the
mining. It was suggested that the
city might appropriate from $200 to
$300 for this purpose and they would
be well repaid for their assistance.
Mr. T. Doris, president of the Farmers' Institute endorsed what Mr.
O'Connell said. In addition, he said
that the fair would produce better
stock in the district because of the
competition and the showing. "We
have no resources to carry on the
fair other than by voluntary contributions. We would like to have a
fair this year and carry it to a successful issue. The donation we ask
for is small but it will go a long way
to assist the working of the fair.''
In respect to the market queBtion
Aldermen Jackson and Leask moved
that a grant be made of S5.00 per
weetc to the market committee while
the market is held in the present
building but not to a later date than
June l, 1015.   Carried.
Aldermen Jackson and Erickson
moved that a special committee be
appointed consisting of the mayor
and Aldermen Erickson, Clapp and
Leask to meet the management of the
market committee to consider ways
and means t0 erect a permanent city
market building.
The city tlierk was authorised to
purchase a new flag for the city hall
on motion of Aldermen Leask and
A suggestion was given to the police commissioners to reduce the staff
of the police force in a motion made
by Aldermen Jackson and Balment
that the police commission be requested to reduce the present staff of
thc police to a chief of police at 81 on
per month and a night policeman at
Aldermen Jackson and Balment
no.-ed that Mr. Glenday be notified
and that the position of city engineer
bc discontinued for the present beginning March 1, 1915.
Aldermen Jackson and Balment
moved that Pobt. Baldwin be engaged at a snlary of 875.oo per month,
beginning March i, 1915.
Mrs. (Dr.) Miles and Mrs. W. B.
McFarlano who were a delegation
from the Sunshine Society, wero pres
i ent. Mrs. Miles addressed the council re th? donation given them by the
I late council. They wished the council to continue the same as the wo '
thoy were doing was a worthy one.
On motion of Aldermen Balment and
Clnpp the council decided to continue
the grunt of 810.00 per week for the
months of February, March and
April to the Sunshine Society.
Council adjourned.
To the Mayor and Aldermen,
Crnnbrook, B. C.
Gentlemen,—I have pleasure In submitting for your consideration progress report of work carried out by
thn city engineer's department for tho
me^nth end'ng January ill.
Ma'ntenance—Leaks occurred on the
o'd wood pipe Bystem on Edwards
nnd    Van    Horne   street   nnd Watt,
French and Armstrong avenues.
These leaks were caused by the increased pressure obtained from the
new steel pipe conduit main and have
been repaired.
Service leading to the Imperial
Bank was found to be leaking under
the sidewalk. This has been repaired
and lowered.
Thirty-four thawouts were made
during the month.
Some little trouble was experienced
with hydrants freezing up. In some
cases this was caused by gravel and
stones in the mains damaging the
rubber valves In the hydrants nnd allowing the water to escape into the
barrel. These have been repaired. The
spindle casting and Part of stud lug
on barrel of hydrant nt Dewar and
Edwards streets were broken, necessitating barrel being removed from the
bottom flange and n*w barrle put in.
This also has been done.
Graphical plans showing the location of all valves and service connections on the new system are being
Sewerage Maintenance1 — Disposal
Works—Trays over primary filters at
the disposal works have been cleaned
off twice during the month and works
generally maintained.
Plumbing Permits—One plumbing
permit was issl'Kd during the month.
Sidewalks—Snow was removed from
the sidewalks by the prisoners under
thi supervision of the janitors.
Statement of cost of work for the
month of January, 1915:
Waterworks Department.
Leak Bdwards street  814 15
Leak Edwards street .'.    9 lp
Leak Van Horne street     9 05
Leak Watt avenue     0 05
Leak French avenue     o 50
Leak Lumsden avenue     l 10
Leak Armstrong avenue     4 20
Leak Edwards street   ll 20
Test hole 3-in. main @    1 oo
Stocktaking   15 95
Thawing   28 10
Digging  wires     i oo
Cutting water     r> 25
Imperial Bank  Service   85 65
Repairs service Bk. 01      :i 10
Repairs meters     2 85
Thawing and repairing hydrants 8(1 10
Plans and office work   57 60
$248 50
Sewerage Maintenance
Cleaning trays disposal works 82" 50
Plumbing inspection     '■* 00
Public Works.
Cleaning snow off sidewalks .:.. 12 10
Total  S291 10
The Becond game of the basketball
league was played last Monday night
at the Young Men's club between the
Stags and Athletics and resulted in
a win for the latter by the score of
27-15. A large crowd turned out and
were treated to another fast game of
basketball replete with sensational
team work and shooting. The players played clean basketball and deserved the large crowd which attended.
The girls again were thc preliminary attraction. The "Macs" beat the
"Hicks" for the second time. The
game wns fast and only the good
j work of the opposing guards held thc
score down. No tallies were made in
the flrst half but in tho second the
Macs scored five before the Hicks got
their only goal. The Macs again
scored and when the final whistle
blew led by five points, the scare being 7-2. Mr. Mirams refereed to the
entire satisfaction of both factions.
Line-up—Macs, L. Turner and E.
Gill, forwards; A. Macdonald, centre;
D, Greaves and D. Kershaw, guards.
Hicks—L. Turner and V. Bradwin,
forwards; G. Hickenbotham, centre;
B. Gill and Orma McNabb, guard.
The main game between the Athletics and Stags began with a rush,
the first basket being scored by the
Stags right after the beginning of
play. Then Mcllwaine began some of
the weirdest shooting seen on the
floor for a l0ng time and had scored
six baskets while the othor side secured three points, he dropping them
in from every conceivable angle. Half
time ended with the score 12-5 in the
Athlet'cs' favor.
The second half saw a  continuation
. of sensational scoring by Mcllwaine.
j While he seemed to be able to score
; in any position the forwards of the
: Stags were away 0ff in the shooting
and missed   many   chances to   score
which   ordinarily would    have   been
sure baskets.   During this period the
Stags secured ten points while their
j opponents   made   fifteen,    all except
two   points   being credited   to   Mcllwaine.    Crowe was high Bcorer   for
the losers, making thirteen points.
The Kineup—Athletics, Phillips and
Wilson, forwards; Mcllwaine, centre;
McEwin and Kuhnert, guards. Stags
—Crowe and Wallingcr, forwards;
Dallas, centre; Breckin and McNabb,
The Athletics and Beavers meet
next Monday night in a game which
promises to be aa exciting as the
previous ones. Admission ten cents
to everybody,
A Discovery.
A merchant in a Canadian city once made a discovery. He had purchased some goods that did
not turn out as he thought they would. Instead
of advertising "Enormous Bargains" he simply
said, "I bought them to sell at $10.00, but they are
not worth it; in fact I cannot recommend them at
all, but you will find them worth $4.00." He sold
them all and made some new customers, who
were convinced of his sincerity.
Nothing new about it. Truth ia as old as the
hills and he simply told the truth. He discovered
that honesty is the best poli :y, and fortunately
very many advertisers are trakinjj the same discovery.
'.'It'll . I*   '(• .Tirl'T-'l1'' ^.r.lf^i
i UlUtulililiuiJ. liui ■«.   ! ■ I ii... l:.j..:, \i \i PAGE SIX
NOTICE   is   hereby    given that   a
"Kn iw Canada! make Canada
known!" is a striking sentence in the
War Year edition for 191 ii ol that
popular booklet "5,000 Facts About
Canada," compiled by Frank Yeigh,
of To'onto, who Knows Cainda as
probably few Canadians do. It is
true that he wbo would know Canada and its wonderful growth In any
11 n i mi 111 iiiiii li'imii t mu 1111 H-ii 11 h
Court  of Revision and Appeal under | one year, will find this nniiual publl-
the provisions of tho "Taxation Act"
and the   "Public  Schools   Act"     respecting the assessment rit.Ls   of the
cation "worth its weight in Yukon
gold or Cobalt silver," while as n
means of making the Dominion
Fort Steele Assessment District Jor I known in other countries, it la no
the year 1915, will be held at the j leBs valuable. Fifty chapters ore de-
Government office, at Fernie, B. C, ( voted to such subjects ns agriculture,
cn Wednesday, the 24th day o: Feb- I area, banking, census, immigration,
ruary, 1915, at 10 o'clock in the mining, manufacturing, trade, etc.,
forenoon, and at the Government of- and n page of Can'dian war facts
lice, at Oranbrook, B, 0., on Satur- show bow up-to-date it is. Sketch
day, the 27th dny of February, 1915, maps nro included of tho Dominion ln
at 10 o'clock iu th.- forenoon. 1867 and 1915.    Copies may bo   had
Dated    at    Fernie,   11.   0.,   January   from progressive newsdealers,   or   by
ovth,   1915. sending   2,"c   to   the   Canadian    Facts
GEORGE G, MOFFATT Publishing    Co.,    5SS  Huron   Street,
Judge of the Court 0' Revision
Toronto,  Canada.
an.l  Appeal
Certificate of Improvements
Victor Mineral Claim, situate
tbe Fort Steele Mining Division
East Kootenay District, located
Wild Ho-se Creek at Old Town
TAKE  NOTICE  that  I,    Geo.
At the request of the Dominion
Tnrks Branch the E. B. Eddy Company has recently put into effect a
very excellent precautionary measure against forest fires. This company is now printing in striking colors and attractive design on their
match boxes an effective fire   notice,
' i warn n» the public not to throw away
Judd, Free Miners Certificate No. | burning matcheBi especially in the
6T313b, intend, sixty days from date; woodSt It ,„ a W(U known fact that
hereof, to apply to the Mining Re-j many forest flre8lare due to careless-
ccrter for  a   Certificate  of  Improve-   neBS  in handling matches.
or '
Professional   Carbs
£obge   Hotices
♦■•HI 11 111 11IIIII11 IIHillll 111 H I' 1 IUM HI 1.
Principal, Miss V. M. Cherrlngton
Evening classes if necessary.   Terms
on application.    Day   courses   are
more advisable.
Total Course, $30.00, covering  three
months' tuition.
Hight School course $3.50 per week,
School Course       $2.50 per week,
Kindergarten   $1.25 per week.
Private Classes by Arrangement
Drawing, Painting, etc., a
Bookkeeping,   Stenography
cents, for the purpose of obtaining
a Crown Grant of the above claim.
And further take notice thdt action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such
Certificate of Improvements.
Dated tbis Sth day of  January, A.
D. 1915.
l-Mar.6 GEO. M. JUDD.
It is recognized that tbe beBt way
to get people to realize the danger
with matches and fire is to have the
necessity of care constantly impressed upon them. It is thought tbat if
a person sees a fire warning jiotice every time he takes a match from a
box, the exercise of care with fire
will gradually become a habit with
him. h
Up to the present time, however,
the   match    itself has also been   at
Notice is hereby given that T'le Na- I fault. If an ord'nary match is light-
t.onal Wood Distilling Company ot, ed and allowed to burn from one end
Wilmington, North Carolina, as lnld- i to the other, the flame then extin-
er aid Harry C. Moore, 0t Blair- ] guished, it will be noticed that the
more, Alberta, as licensee of a Can- burned portion remains alive coal for
adian Patent No. 106931 for a process almost a minute after the flame is
of Destructive Distillation of Wood j out- The E. B. Eddy Company are
will apply to the Parliament of Can- undertaking to correct this fault by
ada at the next session thereof ur impregnating their matches so that
an act extending the time within |wben tho fla'1ie is ollt <h' match is
which they commence to construct dcad- Some of their matches are
and manufacture in Canada under the   now treated in this way and   it   is
said patent.
i the intention to have 'all their match-
Pateei a; Blainrore.  Alberta,   this cs impregnated   as soon as machin-
fourth day of January, 1915.
The     National     Wood   Distilling
Harry C. Moore 2-Feb.6
TAKE NOTICE that I, E. G. Sinclair, intend to apply for a license to
prospect for coat and petroleum on
tbe following described lands situate
in Block No. 4593, Southeast Kootenai: Commencing at a post planted
f.t or near the Northwest corner of
Lot 7119, being the point ot commencement, thence east Eighty (80)
chains, thence south Elj.hty 180)
chains, thence west Eighty (80)
chains, thenco north Eighty (80)
rbains to point of commencement,
iatiA containing six hundred and forty
acres, more or less, and being a relocation of Lot 7119.
Located December 12th, 1914.
E.  G,  SINCLAIR, locator
N. A. SINCLAIR, agent.
ery can be installed (or the purpose.
Other industrial companies are also
co-operating with the Dominion
Parks Bran-.h in the campaign
against destructive fires. Last spring
the Canadian Pacific and other railways placed Are warning notices in
their smoking cars and last fall inserted them in their menu cards.
Arrangements are also being made
with the manager in chief of the C.
P. R. hotels to have very neat and
attractive fire memoranda placed in
the guest rooms of the hotels operated by the company.
Building Contractor. Dealer in
Mining Stock & Mineral Claims
P.O. BOX 585        PHONE 346
The  Cranbrook   Poultry  and   Pet
Stock Association
President—A. B. Smith.
Meets regularly on the First Friday
evening of each month.
Information on Poultry matters
Address the Secretary—W. W. McGregor, Oranbrook.
Drs.    KING    it    GREEN
Physicians and Surgeons
Office at Residence, Armstrong Ave.
Office Hours:—
Forenoons - - 9.00 to 10.00
Afternoons - - S.00 to   4.00
Evenings - • - 7.30 to   3.30
Sundays 1.30 to   4.30
Oranbrook,     .....    B.O.
No. 125, R. A. M.
Regular meetings:—2nd Tueeday ln
each month at eight o'clock.
Sojourning   Oompanlons   are   eor<
dially invited.
Ex. Comp.—A. O. Shankland, B.
Cranbrook, B.O.
Loyal Orange
Lodge No. 1871
Meets let and
3rd Thursday in
Royal Blaek
Knights o! Ireland Hall at 8 p.m. eharp. Visitors
R. 8. Garrett, W. M.
T.O.Horsman, Ree. Sec.
Box 292
Cranbrook Farmers' Institute
Pres.—A. B. Smith
Sec—Alb. H. Webb.
Meetings   are   held on the Second
Saturday in the month at 2 p.m. in
the Old Gymnasium.    All Welcome.
Oranbrook, B.O.
Orescent Lodge, No. 83
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p.m.
at Fraternity Hall.
R. O. Carr, C. C.
F. M. Christian, K. 0l R. & S.
E. Halsall, M. of F.
Visiting brethren cordially invited
to attend.
Cotton Root Compound Tablets
These I'llls ure compounded with tin greatest
catt frum the iiiokI icliuhlc irninlic.t known to
science; mich ns me liriuu uhciI with much success
by ihe nii'Ht eelobrnted unvHiclium known.
They Cn: u specific loUlio divtiesslnn disorders
to which lh,i (,-rnnl.: i ,,iT!rtItution Is liuhlr.
I'rlu: |li a hox. No. ij (iniu I, similiter), 111 _
box. Sold nl .ill iini|| M.,,,•■!, ni liv mail (nun Th«
ta»l l>i Hit Co., St. < »lli»i Inen, Out.
Notice is hereby given that a Court
of Revision and Appeal under the provisions ol the "Taxation Act" and
the "Public Schools Act" respecting
the assessment rolls of the Fort
Hteele Assessment District for the
year 1015, will be held at the Government Olllce, at Fernlo, B. C, on
Wednesday, the aith day of Febru,
ary, 1016, at i<> o'clock in the forenoon; and at the Government office,
at Cranbrook, B, C, on Saturday,
the i!7th day of February, 1015, at
in o'clock In the formnon.
Dated at Fernle, B. C, January 80,
Judge of the Court of Revision and
Appeal. u-Fdbsio
Women's Institute
Meets in the Maple HaU First
Tuesday afternoon in every month
at 3 p.m. The fancy work classes
meets on third Friday evening.
Mrs. W. B. McFarlane, 'President
Mra.  J.  Shaw,  Sec-Treas.
P. 0. Box 442.
All ladles cordially invited.
T.   T.   MoVI TT I E
P.L.I.  k O.B.
ORANBROOK,    ...    B.O.
Barristers, Solicitors and Notarise
Money to Loan
Imperial Bank Building
ORANBROOK,    -    Britiah Oolumbla
I.O.O.F.,    KEY   CITY    LODGE
Do. 41
Meeta every Monday night
at Hew   Fraternity   Hall.
Sojourning Oddfellows cordially invited.
R. A. Racklyeft,        J. F. Broughton
N. G. F. S.
Wm. Harris, Ree. Sec'y.
Court Oranbrook No. 8943.
Meet ln  Maple  Hall,   on  2nd   and
4th Thureday of each month.
J. BIRD, Secretary, Box 247.
Visiting Brothers Cordially Welcomed
(Oranbrook Branch)
Meeta   in   Maple   Hall on tbe 2nd
and 4th Tuesdays In every month, at
S p.m.   Membership open to British
E. Y. Brake, Pres.
W. J. Lower, Sec-Treas.
Box 247.
Visiting members cordially welcome 4
Wood Distillating
Continued From Page Two.
sample shipped. However, no great
amount of acre has been taken to separate all rotten wood.
Method of Extracting StumpB—No
machinery of any account waB used,
stumps being blown with stumping
powder. From an investigation of
the material as it was being extracted I would expect that much valuable resinous material waB lefl in the
ground on account of no machinery
being usod to pull the roots. Fairly
heavy charges 0t explosives were UBed
which broke or tore the stump off at
about 12 to 18 inches below the surface. Through this procedure good-
sized roots were torn oil and left below which might by some other
means of extraction be utilized. It
seems to me that in taking out
stumps for this purpose on a considerable scale a small charge of
powdar should be used, only.sufficient
to split the stump into four or five
pieces, depending on the number of
large roots, then with a suitable
stump puller or sma'.l donkey engine,
these split sections of the stump can
bc pulled out in such a way aB to
bring the large portion of the root
from below the ground.
Selection of Stumps—No particular
care was exercised in selecting the
stumps but all sound ones on the
area were taken until the carload
was obtained.
In tbis connection it seems that
Btumps cut eight years are perhaps a
(little too old and probably those cut
five or pix years would be better.
Cost of Taking out Stumps—I have
not yet obtained figures on the cost
of getting this car of stumps but Mr.
Leitch, manager of the East Kootenay Lumber Co., which company loaded this car, is getting ready his figures on this point and I will give
them to you as soon as they come
Yoirs truly,
(Signed) J. D. GILMOUR,
■District Forester
Meeting Today
The Farmers' Institute, through the
kindness 0I Mayor Bowness, will hold
their February meeting in the City
Hall on Saturday the 13th inst., at
2.00 p. m. The chief subject for discussion is the proposed milk depot
for the city. At present several milk,
wagons are covering practically the
same ground in their daily rounds.
Why not have all milk delivered at a
central depot and two wagons would
cover the city. This would solve a
labor proposition on tbe farm and
however small the herd kept there
would always be a market for the
produce. Surplus milk could be separated and cream, butter or ice cream
handled in the summer. An egg circle in connection would add to tbe
usefulness of the depot. Messrs. W.
J. Atchison, J. A. Pringle and W.B.
Bardgett will speak on the dairyman's side and Mr. A. A. Williams
of the Reliable Egg Farm, will give a
paper on the egg! circle. All dairy
and poultrymen are specially Invited.
Tbe secretary has Information on
Government aeed grain, register for
membera to show stock and produce
handled, pruning school and short
courses. Remember tbe date, Saturday, February 13th, 1915.
Live Stock Commissioner Rive will
be in the city today nnd is to address thc meeting this alternoon. Any
one having any questions to aBk reporting feed or possibly the milk
dairy interests now have nn opportunity to recoivo tho best advice first
hand. A good attendance is hoped
Scotland to the Fore
in Recruiting
When the call to arms was sounded
on the outbreak of the war, the response from Scotland was magnificent and today it is the Scotsmams
boast that in proportion to its size
and population hie country has contributed to the armed forces of the
crown a greater number than any
other section of the United Kingdom.
From Jobn 0' Groats to the Cock of
Scotland, from the outermost Hebrides on the west to the North sea on
tho east, there came a steady flow of
young men—Highlanders, Islanders
and Lowlanders—into the various depots.
It is in tbe Highlands and islands
that the most striking results of this
widespread patriotism, are apparent.
Not since the old days of the clan
battles, when every clansman considered himself in honor bound to follow his chief to the field, have the
Highlands been Bo denuded of their
male youth. In the shepherd's ehul-
ing and the fisherman's hut the call
has been heard and answered; the cotter has been drawn from hi3 hard
struggle with, an intractable soil, the
farm-servant has left the plough to
serve a gun, and phillios, beaters and
gamekeepers have exchanged the fowling piece and the sporting gun Lor a
service rifle. There iB not a town or
village in tlje North of Scotland
which has not contributed its quota
of men, and many a highland clan is
proud of the fact that it has sent forward every able-bodied man. From a
small Aberdeenshire village, with'.n a
few days of the first appeal every eligible young' man with one exception
had joined the colors. Within a week
he joined. Everyone who met him
saluted him with the query, "Hello,
John, are ye no awa' yet?" He could
not stand the implied reproach in
this constant query. The navy is.also being largely recruited from the
north coast, and much of the strength
of Mr. Churchill's naval brigade has
been drawn from the ranks of the
sturdy fishermen on the North Firth.
In the islands the same story Is
told. In many of the smaller islands
of the Hebrides scarcely a Bingle
young man can now be found. All
have gone, and only women and children, assisted by old men, are left
to carry on the work of the croft or
holding as best they can. Nor do
they complain. They are proud of
their men. Lochiel, whose newly recruited Oamerons are( largely compos
ed of these men, has commended the
care of their dependents to ths county authorities, charging,them to see
that these women and children do not
suffer unduly while their menfolk are
But, although the Highlands and
islands have done their duty so conspicuously, it must not be assumed
that the Lowlands or the cities have
not done equally well. The. only difference is tbat while the Highlands
are practically drained, the' cities
and the Lowlands still have large reserves to fall back upon. Tbe spirit
that animates all il asses in tbe
south of Scotland is. indicated by tbe
fact that at least two clergymen-
one in Edinburgh and the other in
Berwickshire—bave joined as combatants. The 'Glasgow, Corporation
Tramway employees, after contributing fully 700 of their number to the
Territorials! and Reservists, raised an
entire Glasgow Tramways Battalion,
and shortly after tbe outbreak of
war the entire staff of a email bakery in Glasgow enlisted.
New York, Feb. 8,—The price of
bread will go up from 5 cents to 6
cents a loaf in this city tomorrow.
Announcement to this effect was
made by several of the large bakeries
today. The present 10-cent loaves
will be two ounces lighter. The high
price of flour is given as the cause.
ScobelFs Liquor, Tobacco
and Drujf Cure WrSMfc
Alcohol, Tobacco ind Drugs. It counteracts lh*
dhcti almost Instantly—remote! ill cravings.
Alter taking the treatment there will never be any
need toUdrlnk Intoxicants or use drugs again. Can
ba given secretly.  Wt h.v* yet to hear ol ona
failure. Mailed under separata cover to anv ad-
dress. Price 15.00 boa, or 8 bines for 110 00. Th*
•ooball Drag Co., It. OUuutMi, Out.
Baptist Church
Pastor, Rev. O. G. Kendall.
Services,ll a.m. and 7.80 p.m.
The a. m. topic—"The Throne of
The evening subject—"The Revelation of Jesus Christ in the Historic
...Sunday school and Fellowship   Bible class, 3.oo p.m.
"Come thou with us and we will
do thee good for the Lord hath spoken good concerning Israel."
Salvation Army Hall
Saturday, the IHth, a song service
entitled "How Bessie Kept the Wolf
from the Door." Sunday morning,
ll a. m., Holiness service. Afternoon at three, children's classes. Evening _t eight, Gospel service.
All are heartily invited to these
the telephone service to connect up
with the south. Reference was also
made to the finishing of the Banff-
Windermere road as against the
threatened abandonment by the Government. In the closing remarks he
referred to the joining of interests
with Cranbrook and others to the
south in an Associated Board of
Trade for East Kootenay. "Personally," he said, "I would consider
that any arrangement which would
strengthen our position in approaching the Provincial or Dominion Government would be to our advantage
and lead t0 the future prosperity of
the district."
• The report of the council wns most
comprehensive, espccinl ly in its dealing with the district's agricultural
statistics. These show an increase
ench year since the statistics were
first'published nnd mark a ga'n of 50
per cent, over tho^e of isna, also
that there are over 2,500 head of live
stock with the territory ol the board.
Possibly the greatest revelation to
the members was the statement that
in spite of this being an agricultural
district the reports of the merchants
, go to   show   that in the year   just
I passed they  imported approximately
88,000    lbs.   of  butter,   bacon,    ham
i and onions and over 5,000 dozen'eig'gs.
| It was borne in upon those present
that this    meant  a  tremendous   fin-
Presbyterian Church
Pastor, Rev. W. K Thomson
Morning service, ll a. m. Subject
Thanksgiving Service in Commemoration of the Hundred Years <# Peace
between the British Empire and the
United States of America.
Sunday School and Bible Class,
3 p. m.
Evening service:   7.30 p. m.
Subject—"Jesus Christ and the Social Question—Jesus' Teaching Concerning the Family."
Anthem by choir.
"My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the love
of thy mother."   Prov. «c, 20v.
Methodist Church
Pastor, Rev. W. E. Dunham
Sunday services:   The   pastor   will
preach at 11 a. m. and 7.30 p.m.
Annual Meeting of the
Windermere District Board
of Trade
The annual meeting of the Windermere District Board of Trade was
held in Athalmer on Friday last.
In the president's report was clearly
defined a very encouraging and possible policy for the coming year and
reviewed the workings of the board
for the season just closed. One of
the outstanding features of interest
during the past year was the completion and putting into operation of
the Kootmay Central Railway. Improvements are being pressed lor   In
ancial drain upon the community,
all of which should be kept within
its borders.
With regard to th; work of the
council for the past year: General
conditions have been considerably* upset owing to the war in Europe and
trade and agriculture have been suffering accordingly. The work iu
hand by the board has been outlined
by the president, but the flowing
figures dealing with agricultural products may be of interest:
As the market in the past has
been somewhat limited we are making full inquiries on prices, rates,
etc., in view of opening up a market with southern points for such
products that cannot be consumed
locally. I
Taking general market prices, the
tendency is downward, good hay for
instance can now be had at $20.00
per ton, about half the price of a
year ago. Eggs, poultry, oats, etc.,
are all s0mewhat lotfer, though beef
and bacon remain practically unchanged. Wheat is considerably higher.
Wages arc distinctly lower, arti-
zans owing to scarcity of work can
now be had at from S3.on to W.50
per  day and laborers S2.no to S2.50.
It is Interesting to note the following figures supplied by two firms
only of the products which they
; shipped in dicing the past year. The
figures for the whole district will
run probably three times this
Butter  8,150 lbs.
Eggs   1,800  doz.
Bacon and bam  5;547 lbs.
Onions  2,ooo lbs.
The area under culvation in the
district is roughly 2,840 acres, comprising the following:
Timothy and clover  S28
Oats  ii>.-,3
Wheat   58
Barley   ia,
Rye     a
Alfalfa  108
Flax     o
Hay  187
Summer Fallow  K17
Garden Truck -.  r,7
Potatoes   85
Small fruits   aa
Apple trees, bearing  mi
Apple trees,  young  o,-,n,-,      H	
With regard to stock, the.approximate figures arc nfl follows:
Horses i^iho
Beef  cattle  .,    SH9
Yo:ing Btock     497
Milch Cows    108
HogB     ll'l
The above flgurcB do not include any settlement or work dune
Kootenay Valley.
There is absolutely no need to send f Cranbroo't  ns scon  as the  fine wea-
a live-cent piece out of the city for i ther appears.
groceries and provisions. Order your ! 	
goods   and have them delivered   the KILBY     FRAMES     PICTURES
same day and GUARANTEED   from
Ii'a R. Manning, Ltd.
Police Notices
Notice is given to the residents wl.o
leave or anticipate leaving their residences vacant for any length of
time that if thoy will notify the chief
of police he will undertake to see
that such premises are properly protected,
Mr. .J. A. Pringle has been endeavoring to have the nunc ot hie ranch
The Star ReBtaUrant will open next registered. Since starting business
week, 'lhis is n now restaurant lo- jn Cranbrool.i Mr. Pringle has been
cated in Soloraan Koury's old store trading under tbe name of "Hillside
under the Star Photo studio and In Dairy" and desired to have the name
the Godderls block, and is purport- registered as he is entering into the
tag to give their customers the   best   stoek)   business   and    branding    his
stock,     He bus received word   from
the registry office that there  is   an-
Bhort orders ever given In the city(
gent married or single women   for  ?ther ".''m "Hin« th,! ™™ "Hillside1
work around home or liberal! remuneration tor spare time.   Mrs.  Davidson, Branttord, Fe20
Notice is hereby given that all
bii6in.'ss licenses were due on January i.".th. and that the same should
be paid without delay to the city
clerk's office or to the chief of police.
Chief ot Police
lor trading purposes.   This is   a big
disappointment to him as the   name
Is  now so well known in the district
as  standing    for   quality,   especially
Miss Annie McOulloch "I the Brant-   docs this  adhere  to his milk    which
ford General Hospital stall, who has   lias no equal in the Koitsnays.  Mr.
been visiting bar sister, Mrs. Norman   Pringle as soon as his planB are dc-
M.   McClure,  St.  Mary'a Prairie, left.' termincd    nnd he obtains thc neces-
"ii     Wednesday   lor   Moose   Jaw    and   Sary  papers of registration will   call
Winnipeg,    where  she  will  visit    her  his  farm  "Bracmar Stock Farm."
brothers,    en  route to ber home   in     Mr. Pringle can be regarded as the
(.irnnd Valley, Ont, | pioneer    ol first class stock   in   the
  district;  he haa won a   large   num-
K I I, B Y     FRAMES     PICTURES j 1)er 0, prizc9 with hig pure bred cows
Mr. U. Garrett leaves today for P°nd their Products. The citizen3 of
ChUiwack, whjre he will represent j Cranbrook and district will aid join
the Orand Blaok Chapter of B. C. of i with ,ls in   wUhine M» *he best   ot
is a narometer. When it hurts,
it means that thc Kidneys need
help. Take Gin Pills—Canada's
own remedy for all Kidney and
Bladder Troubles. liUc. a' box,
6 for $2.50. "Made in Canada''.
Water Notice
  the Royal Black Knights of Ireland j success in all his further efforts   to
It has come to tho notice   of   the   who hold their meeting on th? Kith,'raise *hl Quality of the stock in   the
city authorities that private individ- as grand committeeman, and the
uals (,'other than city employees) have Provincial Orand Orange Lodge o!
in their possession water keys for British Columbia on the 17th and
turning on and off water connections,   lsth.
Notice is hereby given that any
person using the same in future without permission being first obtained
from the city clerk's office will be immediately prosecuted.
By order,
T.   M.   ROBERTS,
City Clerk
est War," including Canada's part;
profusely illustrated with actual battle scenes; record seller; make seven
dollars daily; sample boo'c free on
promise to canvass. Linscott Company, Brantford. Fe20
The Knights of Pythias intend   to
Interesting Items
P. 0. Box 802 Cranbrook, B.O.
Directors Meet
social evening on Tuesday, February
2urd.    During the evening it is   in-
Calendars,   instead   of   being   laid  tended   to   have progressive   whist,
wide, should be framed; no time like  dancing and refreshments.   An excel-
the present.   Kilby Frames Pictures.' lent time is assured to the members
d„ ,.■   "~ ' . ' of both orders and a good attendance
Born at    the Cottage hospital    to  ig ,j3Sired
and    Mrs.    Corbett on Friday
The directors of the Agricultural
Association met on Wednesday evening and agreed to bold a fair, sub-
„,„,  ,„  ..    „ ...      „. . . ject to getting ths usual 'Government
entertain the Pythian Sisters    to   a  ___ -,. _.
_" ■ and City grants,
filarial      m-onin.»     ..—      Tnaailnir        Cahl'impn "      °
February 12th, a  son
We will furnish the goods If you
fi i nifih the cash at an equal, if not
lower,   price   than   the mail   order
They are under no delusion about
the matter and can see a strenuous
time ahead of them. Still the
grounds are there and a sum of over
snoo has to be paid in interest and
insurance whether or not a fair is
The 83000 prize list, the largest ever offered, Is being pared down to
S2ooo.    Except   for a few    changes
Born to   Mr. and   Mrs. R. 8. Garrett of this city cn Thursday, Feb-1 hollBe;   of'Canada" 0„ "all"orders "of  that   may be made ta the livestock
ruary  uth, at the Cottage hospital,   $15,00 or over-   Ira R  Mann,ngi ud>
a daughter
——— Dr. Herridge of Ottawa,, moderator
The ladies   aid of Knox Presbyter-  ot the Presbyterian church, will   de- , „._
inn church    intend having Shamrock j liver an adlre88 in the Knox church I     ,
To.    ...    \l.,rr.l.    1- + 1.        TO..11    -.-.Ll-..,.— I l.A.t.
're_ on March 17th
Full particulars
list (cattle and horseB) the rest of
the prize list will read as laBt year
with a little lesB premium to each
item. For example: Fancy work
and ">oc, art 81.50 and Sl.no,
S150     FOR     SIXTY   DAYS'    EASY
easy    work—Write    for    contract.
Bradley-Garretson, Brantford.      Fc20
he will take for his subject "The
Worto of the Modern Church." Special program of music will be provided and a cordial invitation ls extended to all to attend.   The   doctor
is a guest   of   Mr.  and Mrs
W.   E.
on Monday^ evening^ at 8 o'clock.when | botanical   collection    as 1014, other
school prizes halved, culinary sections'
l-l $1 and soc, section S, 12 jars preserved fruit si and S2, sections <i-io
82.50 and Si.no, sections 11-24 si and
50c, da'ry products halved, grains
nnd grasses si.no and $1,00, vegetables section l $2 and Si, section 2
81.50 and 81, remainder si and 50d,
Cowers and plants Si and r.oc, fruits
plates si end .wc, loxes Si! and SI,
dogs no second prizes, first cut to 82
for registered animals, pet stock as
before without second prize, dressed
poultry and eggs as It'll, poultry,
ducks and ornamentals Si and 50c,
geese and turkeys 81,50 and $1, sheep
halved, hogs 88 anl *■*, horses and
Simon Taylor returned from the I cattle cut from $<mo and $060 to
coast this week and reports that he $650 and S4«op respectively.
,.    , ,     I observed improved conditions in   the,    Subscriptions will  undoubtedly   be
. „    !"._a\?."*'„!". Th"I!d5 I l^er Industry 0wlng to the   mills less thnn In previous years but If as
hiving   received   several govern.nent a beginning every farmer and citizen
Mrs. W. D. McKee of Grand Forks, i is one of the greatest orators in the
president    of   thj Kootenay Presby-  chi-ch at the present day and his lec-
teria!, is at present in Cranbrook and I ture Bhould prove interesting and instructive to all who attend.
Methods—Extraordinary revivalist;
quarter million converts; thrilling
book; everybody orders; ma'ie six to
ten dollars daily; sample boot free
on!promise to canvass. Bible House,
Brantford. Fe 20
Cliff Steves, who was tor a long
time clerk at the Cranbrook hotel,
haa jota'd the 50tb Light Cavalry,
which is at Present stationed at Calgary.
A very interesting meeting was
held at the home of Mrs. Scth Ryck-
nfterno-m, when Mrs. McKee address
ni the members of th? Women's Mis
Kionary Society of Knox church.
Mrs. McKee subject Wns "Missions."
you have tbe first symptom of a run-down
system, and nervous people too often conceal their aches and pains nud suffer iu
silence, while, if neglected, this condition
often loreruna more serious trouble,
If those so afflicted would stop tuking
medicine containing alcohol or drugs
which menace lhe foundations of health,
and just take the pure, strengthening
contracts. It will also bo Interesting
to know that a former Cranbro0k citizen, Mike King, brother of Dr. J.
If. Kln^' ol thiB city, has a very liusy
mill at the coast and la doing extremely well. The business all along
the coast line is much improved of
late and there are prospects of many
large orders being placed in that district. This will naturally rebound to
the credit of this portion of the country as the coast mille will be drawn
oil the market ns competitors of the
lumber milla of tho Crows Nost, they
nourishment in Scott's I'liiul.sioii'.'it would i being occupied In filling thn govcrn-
create new blporl to pulsate through the   ment orders.   Mr. Taylor is very op
organs, refresh (hefr bodies and build up   „fl„ „„„ ,„_ ... „.. „_,,..
tlic whole   nervous  system.    It is rich,
sustaining nourishment, free from wines,
alcohols or drugs.   .Slum substitutes.
tlmlstic respecting the future months
ta this district nnd anticipates   thc
I opening of the mills ln tho vicinity of
would join thc asBoc!ation and pay
the required $1 there would bc no
need ol any further subscription list.
The tair Is a benefit to every one
who has Interests in the city, for
without the agricultural development
of the district thc place w.1.1 bc at a
standstill!, Ench director carries a
membership boo't so den't fight ehy
of them, but get ready to help to the
extent of 81.00 at any rato. A dollar membership fee entitles thc holder to a keyring, carrying a registered number with inatructiom to the
finder to return snme to secretary of
the agricultural association.
It will be a long pull, a strong
pull nnd a pull altogether that will
win out this year.
LOST—A gold watch, 17 jewel Omega
between Santo'B residence and Baker street or Armstrong avenue. Reward will be given by returning
same to the police office, city hall.
TO RENT—In modern house, two
large rooms, suitable ' for light
housekeeping. Terms very easy.
Phone H74, Mrs. J. S. Mennie, cor.
Lumsden Ave. and Edward St.
cash for stock and chattels of improved slo:k ranch and will exchange
high class producing Alberta wheat
lands, one mile from town and railway Ifor the ranch property or will
leaee same for term of years. No
valuation based on boom times considered. In first letter send full particulars re chattels, stocb, etc., and
cash valuation placed on same. Also
give lot number, number of acres in
ranch, acres irrigated, cleared, fenced, etc., together with description o'
ranch buildings and open range available. Location must be within reasonable distance of Kootenay Central
Railway. Apply Stack Ranch, Box
820, Cranbrook, B.C.
Map Just Issued
A recent edition of an elevator map
just issued from the Department of
Interior shows some very interesting
information with respect to the storage and transportation facilities, tor
the handling of the annual grain production of the three Western Provinces. The map shows the elevator
capacity at eacb station on the different lines of railways, and, in order to simplify the location of the
various places, each railway system
has been shown in a separate colour.
In addition to complete information,
regardng elevators the publication
includes valuable railway information
with respect to lines in operation,
under, construction, and located.
CoTiies of thc publication may be
obtained freo ot charge upon application to F. C. Lynch, superintendent
of the Railway Lands Branch, Department of the Interior, Ottawa.
Prof. Frankland demonstrates that COD LIVER OIL
generates more body-heat
than anything else.
pure oil Is so prepared that the
blood profits from every drop,
while it fortifies throat and lungs.
If you oro luhjecl to cold h«nd«
or fret; if ynu nliivir in rl r.atch cold
for o io month ond wMch lu wood


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