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Chilliwack Free Press 1912-03-08

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 Ir    MAR II 1912
You will Like Chilliwack.
Vol. 1.
Editor and Proprietor
No. 27
Local Items
L.F.Ctoft,at MeeStu.lio for photos
For photos at Chapman's—phone
Coal and wood—City Transfer
Co., phone -19.
See the Spring Flowers and Hats,
at T.  II   Henderson's.
Stock Foods—Chilliwack Implement & Produce Cu.
Provincial election-. March 28.
Nominations March II.
Thc cily Street sprinkler has boon
in daily service this week.
Westminster City Council has set
aside sfiiKHi for publicity purposes
for 1012.
Born—To Mr. and Mrs. J. II.
Pool; ou Thursday, Feb. 2'J a
Dressmaking anil Ladies Tailoring
in all branches, by Miss Northcote
Nowell st.
All coal and wood orders receive
prompt attention. Phone 411,' City
Transfer Co.
WANTED—Girl to do light housework. Apply Mrs A. S Watson,
Gore avenue.
TooKE linos. Negligee Shirts;
Ashwells arc Chilliwack agents.
They sell them.
Light and heavy draying handled
with care and promptness. City
Transfer Co., phone 49.
Born—On Monday March i. to
Mr. and Mrs. Chas Kerr, (May-
nard Farm) a daughter.
Wanteii—A good driving horse
quiet ..n thoroughly .roken. Apply t • John Orr, Yale road.
Ladies Tailored Suits, Northway
Brand; Ashwells arc Chilliwack
agents; see tlieir Advt. page 8.
Fownes Famous Kid And Fabric
Gloves all sizes in Ashwells New
Stock.   See their advt. page 8.
Emcress Shoes For Ladies. See
Ashwells advt. page 8, They ure
Chilliwack Agents for these famous
shoes. !
Oh say, have you seen Stevenson's
now wall papers? If not, do so
They range in price from oets. a
roll un
Lost on Saturday March 2, a black
purse containing a small sum of
money. Finder will please leave,
with C. E  Eckert.
Alf. White expects to leave Chilliwack about March 22 and sai s on
tlie 28th. In the meantime Mr.
White is verv busy packing, ele.
Wanted—A good smart girl to as
sist in Johnson's confectionery and
ten rooms. Apply at once to S.
Johnson,  Johnson's confectionery
The Lyric Theatre drew good
crowds last Friday and Saturday to
witness the Durbar. The pictures
were highly interesting all through. I
D & A Corsets—from 81.25 to
$0.00 per a pair. Ashwells have
a Splendid New Stock of these
famous Corsets; they arc Chilliwack
W. J. Curtis piano and organ
tuner is in the City. All orders
left at this oiliee or at McManus'
Music. Store will receive prompt
Wanted—By sober hard working
Frenchman, work at clearing or
ge oral farm work. Apply for references to E. W. Appleby care ot
Cawley & Carinichael
Handsome Camera to sell with
all appliance. Been used twice.
Cost tit) in England but owner
will tale »35. To lie seen at
"Spcranza," PrinccssavcnueChilliwaek.
W. It Stevenson, the valley
ptilUer is now getting busy as house
cleaning time is here again. Don't
delay until the rush is on. Come
now and select y.<ur paper and have
the work done.
Wall paper, Wall paper, Wall
paper—largest shipment of wall
piper ever brought to Chilliwaek.
over three ton has arrived at the
Valley Paint and Wall Paper House.
Come now and make your selections.
Sunday's meeting of the P. S.
A will Iki addressed py Itev. C. 11
Hueslis, M. A. his subject being
"The contribution of Modern
Thought to Keligion," Itev. Mr
Hueslis is a good speaker and well
quillillcd to handle the subject.
Unbt. Marshall will contribute a
solo to tbc program, und Fred
Chadsey will tuke Alf. White's
place at the piano. Sunday after
noon at four o'clock at Ihe Lyric,
theatre is the timca/ind place. t
J. McKenzie is in Victoria this
R. G. Bowat was in Vancouver
this week.
Mrs (Houston visited Vancouver
this week.
Miss Hebron visited Vancouver
this week.
Mrs. A. L. Coote is visiting iu
J. Howe Bent was iu Vancouver
on Monday.
II. McAuley went to Vancouver
on Tuesday
W. Scott of Vancouver, was in
town this week.
W. II Trenholni was in Vancouver on Thursday. .
Mr. and Mrs. Broadfoot s|H-nt
Sunday at Yarrow.
Thus. McNanght was in Van
couver on Tuesday
Josh. MeConnell went to Vancouver on Tuesday.
Mrs. C. II. Beeves is visiting in
Vancouver, this week
Jas. Grigg of Cheam went to
Vancouver on Saturday.
W. T Jackman is spending a
few days in Vancouver.
Geo. l„ary was a passenger to
Vancouver on Tuesday.
T. E. Caskey was a business
visitor to Sardis, on Monday.
Mrs Jas. Munro was in Vancouver this week for a few days.
A. E. McLane, real estate agent,
went to Vancouver on Tuesday.
Angus McKenzie and family
moved to Victoria on Monday.
Miss Dustcrhoeft was a visitor t..
New Westminster on Wednesday.
Col. Boultbee was a guest of the
Hotel  Vancouver on   Wednesday.
Mr. and Mrs Harry Ballam are
visitng in Vancouver  this   week.
Miss Ramsay has returned from
a months visit with friends in Victoria
Miss Grafton left on Sunday to
attend Business College in Vancouver.
Mrs. J. Armstrong and Miss
McDonald went to Vancouver on
Miss C. Humphrey was in Seattle,
this week attending Spring Millinery
Mr. and Mrs G. P. Chamberlain
and children have returned from
S. Gregory, General Traffic Agent
of the B. C. E. R. was in the city
on Monday.
Mrs. Fred Phillip, of White Rock
is the guest of Mrs. Chester Chadsey,
W. R. Stevenson the valley painter made in business trip to Vancouver this week.
II. Stacey is once more in hia
position as accountant in the'
Merchants Bank.
J. R. Flan, of Calgary Alta., spent
the past week al the home of Mr.
and Mrs. Northcote.
Mrs. (Dr ) McCaffrey and Mi-s.aJ
A. Cruikslmnks were  visiting  in
Vancouver last week.
Mr. and Mrs Thompson of Brandon Man., nre the guests of Mrs.
A ice Smith this week. I
Mr. and Mm. J E. Garlick of
Little Mountain huve left to muke
their home in California.
Mr and Mrs. W. Topley, Fair-
field Island, are spending a couple
of weeks with friends in Vancouver
Mrs. Chester Chadsey and her
guest Mrs. F. Phillips visited Mrs.
Maitland at Majuba Hill on Tuesday. I
Capt. P H. B. Runsay left on a
business trip to Brandon yesterday,
expecting lo be awuy ubout two
Miss Townsly of North Vancouver is the guest at ihe home of Mr.
und Mrs. A C. Wells, Eden Bank
Farm, Sardis.
Mr. and Mr-. Toms Miss Norma
Toms and Flovd returned this
w.ck from u two months holiday
spent iu California.
Mr. A IjingstalT of Emo Ont has
purchased the business nud building known as the Sardis store
owned by W J. Holmes.
The regular meeting of the Hospital Auxiliary will be held on
Mon ay March 11, at tb ic o'clock
in the Odd Fellow's Hull. I
Mrs. Samuel M. Carson and Mrs.
L. Budd will receive on Saturday, March 1(1 and after on the
third Saturday of the month.
F. James, of Nay _ James,
Bond nnd Ileal Estate firm, of Re-
gina, Sask., was the guest of Mr.
nnd Mrs. C. A. Burlier, on Monday.
Jos. Thompson ol Sardis, vice
president of thc Stock Breeders and
Dairy Association attended a moot-
on that Society iu Vancouver Inst
Miss Sellers as Captain of the
Sardis Girl Guides witli her patrol
was in the citv on Friday, visiting
the Chilliwaek Girl Guides during
thoir exercises.
Mr, and Mrs. (I. H. W. Ashwcll
expect to goto Vancouver on Sunday.
They will attend the Schumnnn-
Heiuk Concert ou Monday night
and visit Seattle  before   returning.
J. E. Harrison, one of the woll
known farmers nf the Chilliwaek
district, was a visitor in thc city
li. II. Ashwcll, A. B. McKenzie
and G. I). Thornton left Sunday
night for Puyallup, Wash., as a
delegation to investigate the fruit
growing and preserving industry at
that point.
Mrs. Reg. E. Broadhead, Gore
avenue received for the first time
since coming to Chilliwack on -Mon
day afternoon. The rooms and tea
table were decorated with lovely
d iffodils and carnations, Mrs. Ingram of Vancouver presiding over
the tea cups.	
Tbe Paul Diablo Comedy Company will hold the hoards ut the
opera house tt.-i.ighl and to-morn...
night presenting strong Vaudeville
hills eacb evening. The Company
presents a good clean brunt! of
comedy and song numliers, ami
has lieen well received where ever
they have appeared.
You shoul I see the big display
of Oranges in Ashwells Grocery
They have on display the largest
Shipment of Navel Oranges ever
seen in Chilliwack. Prices are
now at the lowest; its Marmalade
making time.
W. R. Stevenson the Valley
painter aud wall paper man employs the best paper hangers that
can be got. It is wonderful what
a transformation you can make at
little expense with our now wall
Thc name 'Barnum" has been a
household word throughout America
for many years. In fact it has stood
for the acme of amusement management ever since thc famous P. T.
Barnum first became king of thc
circus world. At the present time
thc cognomen "Barnum" represents
the highest point gained in another
form of entertainment; that of
hypnotism. Barnum thc hypnotist
who appears at the 0|iera House is
considered the best on the American stage to-day in his particular
line of work. The program presented by Barnum is different from the
hackneyed performance given by
most Hypnotists.
Tke HaMUl A-iuT GrileW
The members of the Hospital
Auxiliary nre indebted to nil who
helped to mnke the Opening Day a
success: to Miss Hill's Orchestra
for a musical programme; to Mr.
McManus for thc use of piano; and
to the City Transfer Co. for cartage.
Thc following list of contributions
were received;—Jnrs of Fruit, Mra.
H. Eckert, Mrs. Munro, Mrs. C. E
Eckert. Mrs. Day Mrs. M.C.Hall,
Mrs. I/ive, Mrs. Ik-ale, Mrs. Parry,
Mrs. Mcintosh, Mrs. Ferguson,
Mrs. I). Chadsey. Mrs. Harrison,
Mrs. D. II. McKay, Mrs. White;
Mrs. C. I, Riiyds, Mrs. Sprout,
Mrs. Cousins, Mrs. Davies, Mrs
of the show is constructed of good,
c can, original comedy but scientific
test' aro introduced tliat are wonderful, indeed, and hnve been so
declared by n great many physicans
nil over the country who have investigated them. Some of the more
important exhibitions which Bar
mini will present in this city are,
the hypnotic hloyole riding test of
several hours duration the hypnotic I
sleep of 50 or "4 hours whicli is induced over the long distance telephone. The subjects who take part j
in these apparently severe tests have
been examined by physicians during and at the end of encb exhibition and have been found to be in
normal conditio,*, in every instance
The only thing noticeable is u slight
increase in respiration.
The British Columbia Liberals
met in convention at Vancouver on
Thursday and Friday Inst. Font
hundred delegates were present from
Sjl parts of the provinco and rousing ami enthusiastic sessions were
hold.   The convention adopted n
clean, strong platform, and decided
to contest the provincial election in
earnest, and show up tho methods
of the present administration, and
enlighten the public as clearly as the short time will permit.
Following is a list of the officers
ehcleil. Honorary President, Sir
Wilfrid Laurier; President, It. C.
Brewster; Vice-Presidents, Dr. Ker-
gin, F. J. Dcnne; Treasurer, A. M.
Pound; Ifeoording-Socretary, C. IC.
Campbell ; Executive Committee,
II. ShepllOi', Nanaimo ; H. Fee,
Vancouver Island; Captain Ramsay
and .1. M Wearl, New Westminster;
A.B Fraser and Geo. Bel I. Victoria;
James .Murphy and M. McDonald,
Upper Country; Ralph Smith, (I.E.
MeCrossan, F. It. Mel). Ru«sell and
E. L. Tayhir, Vancouver. Tbe
lelegntes representing Chilliwuek
constituency wero, ('apt. Ramsay,
J. H. Ashwell, Geo. Thornton, P.
W. Crankshaw, Andrew Lindell, R,
A. llend 'i-s.in, A. Cruickshanks, of
Matsqui, and Messrs. Towlan and
Jiickiinin, Mt. Ledum p.
CUT Defeated Militia
Oil Saturday last thc City and the
Militia teams met for thc first time
in a league football match. The
day was very fine and as both teams
were strongly represented there was
a large turn out of spectators. The
game throughout the tirst half was
Very evenly contested but thc City
managed to score, after about 20
minutes of play, through Mailman.
Half time arrived with the score 1-0
in favor of the City. In the second
half the Militia played vory fine
football but failed in front of goal.
Towards the finish R. Orr shot a
very pretty goal for the City and
HM match ended with the score: City
2 Militia 0. The line up was, City;
White, Bowdcn Nolans, Candlish,
Raine, Taylor, R. Orr, Hall Malt-
man, Logan, Brown. Militia; E.
Huhble, Kor, Nicholson, D. Orr,
unsworth, Patchell, II. Jackson,
S. Hubble, Chettle, J. A. Jackson,
Attest oi Posllry Riiiisi
Mrs Sophia Davies of Vancouver,
the speaker at the special meeting
held under the auspices of the
Women's Institute ou Monday night,
was thoroughly at home with hot-
subject "Poultry Raising." Here
in the valley the matter of raising
fowl to the licst advantage to all
concerned is a vital matter and during the evening much important
information was given both by thc
speaker und through the discussion.
Mrs Davies was born in England
and there had a slight experience
with poultry Emigrating to Canada she located in Ontario, going
in for poultry raising on a commercial basis on a forty acre farm,
eggs at that time heing Oets a dozen
in summer and 25 cts in winter.
Mrs. Davics made a contract with
the King Edward Hotel to supply
all tlieir needs at n minimum of 22
cts in summer and 11 cts in winter and made a splendid success o'
her business Besides her practical
km...ledge of the work, Mrs. Davics
is a very pleasing speaker, und was
listened to with much interest.
Mrs W. V. Davies as president of
the W 1. was in the chair and
most of Ihe member*! of the Poultry
Association were nlso present.
The death occurred of Miss Cora
Etbelwynnc Chat man. daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Bcnj. Chapman of
Camp Slough, at thc hospital on
iVodnosdoy afternoon, the cause of
her untimely death being appende-
eitis. She liad been quite ill for
about two weeks, and on Thursday
last hnd a relapse and although
the doctor could hardly givcany hope
for her recovery, she was brought
into the hospital on Monday night
to lie operated on, as a possible
chance, a West minster doctor
boing called to assist. The opera-
lion was quite successful but thc
ease was too far advanced to make
the necessary relief possible and the
patient passed away about four
o'clock on Wednesday afternoon.
Miss Chapman was a very promising and bright girl much loved l.y hor
friends, and sympathy is expressed
for the bereaved family.
Tlie regular monthly meeting of
the Hoard of Trade was held in the
Odd Fellow's Hall on Friday ovoning, there being present; Vice-Pres!
dent W. L. Macken, Secretary
D. E. Carleton. and Messrs. D.
McGillivary, T. E. Caskey, T. J.
Polley, E. J. Boucher, G. H. W.
Ashwell,.). Burton, J. R. Anderson,
S. S. Carleton, C. E. Eckert, S.
Sutor F. li. Lyle, Mayor Waddington. Col. Boultboo, A. E. McLane,
I). IC. Munn, Jeff. Harrison, H. T.
Goodland, Mr. Hpicer nud C. A.
In the absence of President
J. Barber, through illness, W.
Macken occupied the chair.
A letter was read from W.
Barge, of Rosedale, making complaint re mail sen-ice. A Board
of Trade notice mailed to Mr.
Barge and post marked Chilliwaek
Jan. 30, was not delivered until
Fob. 8, and Ivcaring Rosedale post
mark of same date. Four days
had elapsed between posting of
letter and delivery, with a daily
service between the two points.
The letter opened the way for a
variety of complaints and protest-
in regard to mail service in the
valley, instances being given whore
it required a month or more for a
letter to go from Chilliwack to
Sardis, and others equally inexplicable. The delivery of mail from
the old building now moved some
distance back from the street was
much disapproved of by the Board,
on thc ground that it caused thc
public much inconvenience, which
with thc cramped quarters for the
handling of the mails, constituted n
condition of affairs that should be
remedied. A resolution asking the
thc Government to secure more
suitable quarters during the construction of the new building, and
also investigate the mail service
department generally, was carried
unanimously, a copy of the resolution to be forwarded to J. D. Taylor,
M. P.
bitulithic pavement.     Both   were
good though expensive.
C. E. Eckert on boing called on
stated he had been working on a
'scheme of road improvement for
the valley but had not the details
worked out, and did not care to go
into the proposition until these
were complete. He would thon be
pleased to submit a plan and work
for its adoption, Mr. Eckert's remarks were received with expressed
Next to the roads are the boulevards, lawns and gardens and F.
B. Lyle was of the opinion that the
Board should start a campaign of
civic improvement, and enthuse
the citizen with the idea of beautifying his home surroundings.
A. S. Watson brought up the all
important matter of sewerage. The
Mayor in reply stated that the city
council had the matter in hand and
a scheme would be worked out
shortly. He thought a trunk sewer
at least would be put in this season,
and in this connection took up the
waterworks question, of either purchasing the present system or installing a now one. In answer to a
question the Mayor stated that thc
Elk Creek Co., has not got an exclusive franchise of the roads for
waterworks purposes.
At this juncture E. Stuart Wade,
publicity commissioner for Westminster arrived and was forthwith
called upon to address the Board ou
that important phase of Board ot
Trade work—publicity. Mr. Wide
gave a goodaddresscnthisquestion.
Thc speaker emphasized -.he bet
that to advertise profitably there
must be something to-how, a bi_._,
and a presentation of facts is they
are, and that there was nothinii like'
honesty in advertising. The valley
had the basis—the developnieut and.
growth of the past five years was
evidence of that. Good climate, good
pure water, tine agri.:ulturai ar.d
arable lands, growing transportation
facilities. During his tour months
rccent visit to the States he was
everywhere impressed with the 4s_-
t,   .    t ......    ~ ,        i   i position of the American  to  know
Supt. of the C P. R. Telegraphs \mmiU      ^ BrilL,h CaT__bia.
wrote stating that service would be |Th_, _» _ __, an(j i fai_. fc
instituted at an early date.
A. E. McLane, John Robinson
change, and it was important that
B. C. should present ib indueernen-i
fairly and squarely. During hi" trip
lie had distributed three ijiarters of
a ton of literature. To anv person
who spends a winter in the east, the
west will appeal. We have the land
for agriculturalists and fruit grower-,
but in addition to this wn require
industries to give employment to
people who do not follow agricultural
pursuits. There i" only one way to
get these, and that is to go after
them, and when we get them to
keep them by patronuing them.
Buying at home was one of the best
means of growth. Merchant, ami
business men should encourage
this. In many cases less profit
would produce better results. Mr.
Wade then gave some hints aa la
tho compilation and distribution nf
publicity literature, and congratulated tho Board on the excellence
of the Booklet recently published,
stating that nothing better had
come under his ohserva tion either
in Canada or   the   United  States.
Mr. Wade intimated that he intended to visit the valley again soon
in connection with the Fraser Valley
Progressive Association, which comprises till the rural councils and
public bodies in the valley. A
united publicity campaign in this
connection is proposed. In answer
to a question Sir. Wade stated that
Westminster'*, publicity fund was
supplied by tbe city council, out
of tiie general revenue, and wa.
considered an expense in the same
light as any other civic expenditure.
A hearty vote of thank" was tendered the speaker for his enlightening and practical address.
and   Samuel Sutor  were   elected
members of thc Board.
Thc Council of the Board recommended several changes in thc
constitution and by laws. Changing
of thc evening of meeting from the
lirst Friday in the month to tlie
first Wednesday, and the addition
of the program and publicity committees to the machinery of tin-
Board, were the most important
alterations. It was recommended
that tlic constitution and by-laws as
amended be printed. The report
was adopted.
A petition signed by many of thc
people of Harrison, on the north
bank of tho Fraser, asking thc
Dominion Government to grunt a
subsidy toward the maintenance of
the ferry service between Chilliwack
and Harrison was read. A daily
son-ice was much needed, but at
present the returns were not remunerative enough to maintain a
regular service. The petition was
unanimously endorsed by the Board.
Mr'. Spieer introduced the subject of Indian reserves in the valley
pointing out thc injustice done thc
valley by ticing up some of thc
best land in the valley in this way.
In the discussion whicli followed it
wus pointed out that these reserves
were the sore spots of the valley.
The Indian with fow exceptions,
was carelessness personified, with
the result thut noxioiiB weeds and
pests of every discription nourished
unchecked to tlie detriment nnd discouragement of the man who wus
endeavoring to produce clean fruit
and a clean ranch. There are
about sixteen reserves comprising
about 2U0J acres of practically the I
pick of the valley soil. One Indian | Two splendid addresses were the
on an entire reserve can hold it and i features of last Sunday's meeting
in some cases this is thc extent of lot tlie P. S. A. Rev. R. Marshall,
settlement of or use mnde by the of the Baptist church delivering ono
Indian. The land is owned by the | and Rev. E. J. Best, of Columbian
Province, but held in trust for the College, the other. Mr. James.
Indian bv thc  Dominion  Govern- sen., gave n  vocal  selection   with
ment. A resolution was passed requesting the Secretary to write J. I).
Taylor M. P. for the best plan of
procedure in dealing with the question.
Good roads throughout the valley
were also discussed. As regards the
City road improvements, Mayor
Waddington stated that tho city
council hnd the subject under advisement and had investigated the
Hassain   intvement  nnd also   the
harp accompaniment, The attendance was not as large as usual,
owing to the almost irresistable
beckonings of Old Sol and other
glorious weather conditions. The
P. S. A. Executive was appointed
to conduct and equip the reading
rooms donated by G. lt. Ashwcll
_ Son.	
Has any Isidy seen the Chilliwack
Street SwooperHn operation? CHILLIWACK FREE PRESS
Copyright, 1911
[By Small, Miiymiiil ft Co., Inc.
CHAPTER IU.—Continued
The Miilcllo Class HoU
olIU sent mo away ovory morning
15 witli fresh hope anil greeted mo
nt night with u flioorfulnoas tlmt
wns liko wino. Ami sho did this without uuy show of i'ilIsc optimism, Shu
wus not blind to tlio soriousnosB of our
present position, but she exhibited a
I'onliiloiico in mo Uinl did not Utlllllt ul'
doubt or fciir. There was Boiuotliing
almost awesomely beautiful ubout
Staudlllg by her side und facing tho up-
proacblng storm, yho used to piano
her smnll lunula upon my buck und ox
dial in:
"Why, Billy, there's work for
shiiublers Ilka those."
11 UIIIUO mo feel like u giant.
So iinot.lier month passed. 1 sub'
st-ribed to un employment bureau, but
the only oiler 1 reeeived wus to net us
a sort uf bouncer in u barroom. I sup
puse my holgllt und weight nnd roputu
tiun for nobrloty roisonimendoil mo
tliere. Thore wns llvo dollurs n week
iu it, and us fnr ns I alono wus
cernod I would havo taken it. Thut
sum would at least buy bread, und
though it nmy sound incredible tlio
problem of getting enough lo out wus
fust becoming acute. The provision
men became daily more suspicious. Wo
cut down on everything, but I kuow it
wus only a question of time when tlicy
wiiul.l refuse tn extend our credit for
the littio wo had to have. And all
around nie my neighbors went their
cheerful ways and waited for mo to
work it out. Hut whenever 1 thought
of the barroom job und tho money it
would bring I could sec them shake
their heads.
It tins bell. It wns tho deepest of all
deep hells—the middle-class hell. There
was nothing theatrical about it—no
fireworks or red lights, lt was plain,
dull, sodden. Hero wns my position:
work in my rlass I couldn't get; work
ns a young man I wns too old to get;
work as .just plain physical labor tiiese
mention of tho boy, but it was soon
"Let's get away from them," sho
gasped. " _ot 'a go whero there are
uo neighbors."
"Would youi" I nskeil.
" 1 '.I go to tho ends uf the earth with
you, Billy," sho uiisvvered quietly.
How plucky she was! I couldn't
bolp but smile us I unswered, moro to
""Wo haven't even the enrfnro to go
to the ends of the enrtli, Ruth. It will
take all wo have to pay our bills."
"All wo have?" she asked.
No, not thnt. They eould only gut
a littio of what she and I hnd. They
eould take our belongings, thill's nil.
And they hadn't got those yet.
Hut. I hud begun lo hate tlioso neighbors, with a lleree, unrensonilig hntred.
In silence they dictated, without assisting. For a dozen years 1 luul lived
with theiu, played with Ihem, been mi
integral pint of their lives, and now
they* were worse I linn useless to mo.
There wasn't one of them big enough
to receive mo into his homo for myself
alono, apart, from the work 1 did.
Thero wasn't n true brother nmong
Our lives turn upon little things.
They turn swiftly. Within liftecn minutes 1 had solved my problem in a
fashion ns unexpected ns it was radical.
son is thut as emigrants tho whoio United States stands roady to help them
with schools und playgrounds uud hospitals uud purks."
1 paused for breath. Sho cut in excitedly:
"Tben we'ro going out west!"
"No; wo haven't tho capital for that.
Hy selling all our things wo can pay
our dobts and have u few dollars over,
but that wouldn 't. tako us to Chicago,
We Emigrate to America
Coing down the path to town bitterly
and blindly, 1 met Murphy. Uo was a
mun with not a gray hair in his head
who wns a sort of man-of-all-work for
the neighborhood, He took care of my
furnace and fussed nbout tho grounds
when 1 was tied up at the ollico with
night work. Ho stopped me with
rutlier u shame-faced uir.
Hcg pardon, sor," ho began, "but
mono middle-dan neighbors refused to'I've got a bill couiin' duo oil tho new
allow   me   to  undertake.      1    couldn't, house—
black    my    neighbors'   boots    without      I remembered that I owed him some
social ost"racis,„, though Pnsqualo, who fifteen dollars.   1 had Ininypocketsjus
■     ■       ten cents over my car -.ire.   But wlmt
kept the stand in the United Woollen
building, onco confided to me that ho
cleared some twenty-five dollars h week,
J couldn't mow my neighbors' front
lawns or deliver milk at their doors,
though there was food in it. That wna
honest work—clean work; hut if 1 attempted it would they play golf with
me*! PeiHoiially 1 didn 't eare. I
would havo taken a job that day. But
there were the wife and boy. Tliey
were bold in ransom. It's all very well
to talk nbout scorning the conventions,
to philosophize about thc dignity of
honest work, to quote "a man's a man
for a' that"; bnt associates of thoir
own kind mean more to a woman and
a growing boy that they do to a man.
At lenst I thought so nt thnt time.
When I saw my wife surrounded by
well-bred, well-dressed women, they
Homed to me an essential part of her
life. What else did living mean for
her? When my boy brought home with
him other boys of his age and kind—
though to me they did not represent the
highest type—I felt under obligations
to retain those friends for him. I had
begot him into his set. It seemed barbarous to do anything thnt would allow
them to point the finger at him.
I felt a yearning for some primoval j
.  ..... .. jv.......h  - - £•;»"-;— "Ami you nnvo enougo icn u-
employment.    I  hungered  to join tho| t up a house." I stammered.
army or go to sea.   Hut here again were,1 ,.]t*s botter thnn tho bank,"
il...   .ail'.,   nn.l   la.iv        1    ..,!»    I.La   insiiiir   inln .  .                ...    _ 11   .
the wife nnd boy.   1 felt like going into
arrested my attention was the mention
of a new house.
"You mean to tell me that you're
putting up a house?"
"Tho  bit  of  a  rint, sor, in  	
The contrast wns dramatic. The
man who emptied my ashes was erecting tenements and I was looking for
work that would bring me in food.
My peoplo had lived in this country
some two hundred years or more, aud
Murphy had probably not been hore
thirty. There was something wrong
about this, but I seemed to bo getting
hold of an idea.
"How old are you, Murphy?" 1
"Coin' on sixty, sor."
"You came to America broke?"
" Dead broke, sor."
"You have a wife and children."
"A woman und six ehilder."
Six!   Think of it!    And 1 had one.
"Children in school?"
I asked it almost in hopo that hero
at least I would hold thc advantage.
"Two of them in college, sor."
He spoke it proudly. Well he might.
Hut to mu it was confusing.
And you havo enougb left ovor to
,    tu phv said apologetically,
tho Northwest and pre-empting a home-.1  .\Aml you aren*t an 0ia man yot)"|
stead.    That was a saner idea, but it U muTm\rat\.
took enpital and 1 didn't hnve enough.      "Oil)   sor?"
I was tied hand and foot.   It was like one     .. Whv you'ro young and strong and j
of those nightmares where In tho face in)|(,pC,;(|ent    Murphy.    You'ro   "
of danger you are suddenly Hf'K'K !Jut j gUCsa I talked a bit wild. I don't
dumb und immovable. k|l0W what | gailL   j was breathless—I
I  was beginning to look  wild-eyed. I lightheaded.    1 wanted to go back to j
Ruth and I were living ou bread, with- j Iluth.
out butter, and canned soup. 1 sneaked "Pat," I said, seizing his hand—i
to town with a feu books and sold them'. *> i'att you shall hnve the monoy within
for  enough to koop the  boy  supplied,n   week.     I'm  going  to  sell  out  and I
with meat. My shoes were worn out
at the bottom and my clothes were getting decidedly seedy. The men with
whom I was iu tin* habit of riding to
town iu the morning gave me tis wide
a berth ns though I had the leprosy.
I guess they wen- afraid my hard luck
was catching.    Ood  pity  them, many
" Kmigrate?" ho gasped. "Where
I laughed. Thc solution now seemed
so easy.
"Why, to America, Pat. To America
where you came thirty years ago." 1
left him staring at me.   I hurried into!
of thi'in were dangerously near the rim: the house with my heart in my thront.
of this same lull themselves. 1   found   Ruth   in   the   sitting-ruum
One Diomtng mv wife came to mc with her head in her hands and her
reluctantly, Imt with her usual courage, i white forehead knotted in a frown. She
and said: [didn't hear tno come in, but when I
"Itilly, the grocery man didn't bring touched her arm she jumped up, ashnm-
OUl  order Inst night.''1    It was like a  ,.,| to think  I  had cnught her looking I
en puzzled.   Hut at sight of my face \
sword thrust.     It   made   me   desperate
Hut   the  worst of the  mi.Idle-class hill   her expression changed in a llash.
i** tint thoro is nothing to light back nt.
There vou nre. I couldn't sny anything.
Then* was no answer. My eyes mutt
hnve looked queer, foi l.uth cami
noaror and whispered)
"Don'l go in town today. Hilly."
I Had on my imt ant] hud gathered
up  two  nr  three  nunc   Milium*",   in   my
green bug.   I looked ut tin* trim little
'Oh,  Hillv," she cried, "it's good-
•It's a way out—if you approve,"
I, answered.
'I   do.   Hilly."  she  answered,   with-
.oil witting tn hear.
Then listen," I said.   "If we were1
living in England or Ireland or Prance :
or <'ormntiy mul found life ns nurd us'
hoUM   llmt   had   been   my   home  for su   tlm nnd some one left us live hundred!
long.     The   real   would   be   . ue   next   dollars, whnt would you advise doing?" |
month.     1   looked  nt   tin*   other   trim      '' Why,   we d  emigrnte,   Hilly,"  she
lillle hontei n mu ml me.    Was it netu-Jsnid instnntly.
nlly poaalblo thnl  a  man eould starve      "Exactly.    Where to?"
in such n community 1   It seemed like a      "To Americft."
Utanle   joko.    Why.   every   year   lids      "Right."   1   "Tied.    "And  we'd  be
country   wns   absorbing   emigrants  by  one out of a thousnnd if we didn't make
the    thousand.      Tln-y    did    not  "go | good, wouldn 't we?"
hungry.    They waxed fat and prosper-      " Why, every one succeeds who comes
OUS.     There   was   I'usqunle,   the   boot-   here   from   somewhere   else,"   she   ex- j
bl.v-k, who wns earning nearly ns much I claimed,
ns I ever did \    "And  why do they?"  I  demnnded,!
We wire standing nn tho porch. 11 getting excited with my idea. "Why
took Ruth in my nrms nnd kissed her. * do tliey? There ure n dozen .canons.
Bho draw buck with a modest, protest i One is because they come ns pioneers—
tlmt the neighbors might see. Tho word with all the enthusiasm and eagerness
neighbors goaded mr. 1 shook my (1st j of adventurers. I _* t -■ is fresh nnd ro-1
nt their trim little houses nnd voiced jinnntie to thom over here. Hardships,
n ponton that hnd slowly been gather-[only add zest to the game. Another1
ing strength. reason is thnt it is nil n fine big gamble
"Damn the neighbors!" I cried.      I to them.   They have everything io gain
Ruth wns startled. 1 don't often mid nothing to lose. It's the same
swear. 'spirit  thnt  drives   young   New    Bug* j
"Hnve they been talking nbout ' Inmlers oul west to" try their lurk, to!
yon!" she asked suddenly, her mouth preempt homesteads in the Northwest,!
hardening. I to till the prairies.   Another reason Isj
"I don't know. 1 don't care. Hut thnt ihey come over hero fre>?—un-I
they hold ynu In ransom liko bloody ( hound by conventions. They can work |
Moroccan pirates." [os they please, live as they please. They
" Mow do they, Hilly?" haven't nny cause to hamper them. An- I
"They won't let me work without uther renson is that, being on the same
Uklllg it out of you and the boy," -rent adventure, they are all brothers.!
Her head dropped  for a second at!They pull together.   Still another rea-
I'm not going ten miles from homo,"
"Where then, Billy?"
"You've seen the big ships come in
nlong the water-front? They nre bringing over hundreds of emigrants every
yenr nud landing them right on those
docks. These people have had to cross
tiie ocean to reach that point) but our
ancestors mnde the voyage for you and
me two hundred years ago. We're
within ten miles of the wharf now,"
She couldn't make out what I meant.
"Why, wife o' mine," I ran on, "nil
we need to do is pack up, go down to
the dock nml start from tliere. We
must join the emigrants tnnd follow
them into the city. These ure the only
people who are finding America today.
We must take up life nmong them; work
as they work; live as tliey live. Why,
I fool my back muscles straining even
now; I feel the tingle of coming down
the gang-plank with our fortunes yet
to make in this laud of opportunity.
Pastiualo hns done it; Murphy hns done
it.    Don't you think I enn do it?"
She looked up ut me. I had never
seen her face more beautiful.    It was
"My man—my wonderful, good
The primitive appellation was in
itself like a whiff of salt air. It bore
me back to the duys when a husband's
chief function was just thnt—heing a
man to his own good womnn. We looked for a moment into each other's eyes.
Then Ihe same question was born to
both of us in a moment.
"What of the boy?"
It was a more serious question to
her, I think, than it was to me. I
knew that the sons of other fathers
and mothor. had wrestled with that
life and come out strong. There were
Murphy's boys, for instance. Of course
the life would be new to my boy, but
the keen competition ought to drive
him to his best. His present life was
not doing thnt. As for the coarser details from which he hud been so
sheltered—well, a man has to learn
sooner or Inter, and 1 wasn't sure but
it was better for htm to lenrn at an
age when such things would offer no
real temptations. With Ruth back of
him I didn't worry much about that.
Besides, the boy had let drop a phrase
or two that mnde mc suspect that even
among his present associates that same
ground was being explored.
"Ruth," I snid, "I'm not worrying
ubout Dick,"
"Ho has been kept so fresh," she
"It isn't the fresh things that keep
longest," I .aid.
"That's true, Hilly,'' she answered.
Then she thought a moment, ond as
though with new inspiration answered
mc, using again that same tender, primitive expression:
"I don't foar for my man-child."
When the boy came home from school
that night 1 hnd a long talk with him.
1 told him frankly how I had been
forced out of my position, how I had
tried tor another, how at length I had
resolved to go pioneering ju.t as his
greatgrandfather had done among tho
Indians. As I thought, the naked adventure of it appealed to him. That
was all I wished; it was enough to
work on.
Thc next day I brought out a second-
baud furniture dealer and made as good
a bargain as I could with him for tho
contents of the houBC. Wo saved nothing but tho sheer essentials for light
housekeeping. These consisted of most
of tbo cooking utensils, a half dozes
plates, cups and saucers and about a
dozen other pieces for thc table, fo
table cloths, all thc bed linen, nil our
clothes, including some old clothes wc
had been upon the point of throwing
awny, a few personal ginicraeks, aim
for furniture the following articles:
the folding wooden kitchen table, a half
dozen chairs, thc cot bed in the boy's
room, the iron bed *n our room, the long
mirror I gave Ruth on her birthday,
and a sort of china-closet thnt stood in
the dining-room. To this we added
bowls, pitchers, nml lamps. All the rest,
whicli included a full dining-room set.
a full dinner set of chinn, the furnishings of the front room, including books
i-.tni bookc'ise, chairs, rugs, pb tures;
and two or  llire<* good  chain, a  full I
bedroom vt in 'mr room nml n cheaper]
one in the boy's room, plain furnish-
Ingtj garden tools ami forty odds ami
i nds, nil of which had cost iih- Ilrst nnd
Inst  something like two thousand dol-!
Inrs,   I   told   the   dealer   to   lump   to-l
Bother,    Hi- looked it over nml bid six'
hundred dollars,    I  snw  Ruth swallow
hard, for she hml taken good enre of
OVorythlog so thut to us it  was worth
as much today ns we had paid for it.
Hut  I  accepted the offer without dick-,
ering. for it was large enough lo serve,
my   ends.     It   would   pay   oil   all   nur
debts and  leave us a  hundred dollars
to the good.   It was the first time since j
I married that I bad been that much
Thnt afternoon 1 saw Murphy and I
hired of him the top tenement of his]
new house. It wns in thc Italian j
quarter of tho city and my flat con-j
-tatad of four)rooms. The rent wns'
three dollars a Week. Murphy looked
surprised enough nt tho ehnngu in my j
affair*, nn.l I mnde htm promise not to
gossip to the neighbors nbout where
I M gone.
"Faith, sor," he said, "and they
wouldn't believe it if I told them."
Tlm' wasn't all I accomplished that
day. I bought a pnir of overalls ami
presented mveclf nt the office of n contractor'l agent. I didn't hnve inv
trouble in getting in thero and I didn't
feel like a beggar as T took my place
in Iin" with nbout a dozen foreigners.
I looked them over with a "ertain
nmount of .elf confidence. Most of
Ihem <vere undcrslred men with sagging
shoulders  and   primitive  faces.    With
their big eyes they made me think of
shaggy Shetland ponies.   Lined up man
for man with my lato associates they
certainly looked  like an  inferior  lot.
1  studied  them   with  curiosity;   thero
must ue more in ihem than showed ou
the surface to bring them over here—
there  must bo something that wasn't
in  the  rest of us  fur  them  to  make
good  'he way they did.    In  tho  next
tix  months 1  meant to liml out whut
fchat was.   In the meantime just sitting
there umeng them 1  felt us though  I
hud more elbow room thun 1 had had
since I was eighteen.   Before me as bo-
fore them n continent    strcUdiod    its
great length and breadth.   They laughed  nnu  joked   nmong  themselves   und
stared about at everything with eager,
curious eyes.   They were ready fo? anything,  and  everything was  ready  for
them—the  ditch,  thc  mines,  the   railroads,   the   wheat    fields.      Wherever
things were growing utul needed  men
lo  help  them  grow,  they   would   play
tlieir part.   They say there's plenty of
|room at the top, but there's plenty of
'room at. tho bottom, too.    It's in the
'middle that men get pinched.
I    I wmked my way up to the window
I where a sallow, pale-fuced clerk sat in
front of u big book.    Ho gave me a
slart, lie  was such  a  contrast  to  tlm
oilers.   In my new eidl.asjnsni I want*
'ed to ask him why he didn't come out
'nnd get in line the other side of the
I window.    He yawned as he wrote down
- mv   name.     1   didn 'I   hnve  to  answer
more thuu half a dozen questions before
he told me to report for work Monday
I at such and such a plnce.   I asked hun
[what the wotk wus und he looked up.
" Subway," he answered,
I asked him how much the pay wns.
lie  looked  me  over at this.    J   don't
know what he thought I was.
"Dollar and a half-nine hours."
" All right," I answered,
lie gave me a slip of paper and  I
hurried out.    It hadn't taken ton minutes.    And u dollar and u hnlf n day
was nine dollars u week!   It wns almost
twice us much as I had Marled on with
the United, it was over ,i third of what
1 had been getting nfter my first ten
years  of   hard   work   with   them.     It
seemed  too  good   to  be  true.    Taking
Hushed  uml  eager.    She clutched  my
arm.    Then she whispered:
out tho rent this left me six  dollars
for food.   That was as much us it had
cost Ruth nnd mo the first year we were
married.   There was no need of going
hungry on that.
(To be continued)
the bottom of the water nntl accumulate thoro In a roUUlsh brown layer,
lt is now considered oatabllsh-d that
ihe same bacteria cause trouble ut
times in municipal water mains, sometimes even Gauging their complete obstruction.
A unique exhibit of fibre plants und
fibre-working machinery has been held
at Socrabaya, .lava, during tho past
slimmer in connection with the Fibre
Congress of the Kast indies, whieh
opened July 3rd. Dutch, German, ami
British machinery was represented,
mnde hy Krupp, Benlsch, Berand Lle-
bescher, Lees Sa Co., and Oldham. All
the fibre plants of Java, and many from
the Philippines, Siam, etc., including
sisal, agi), pineapple fibre, banana fibre,
cncoanut fibre Java cotton, knpok. ami
others, were exhibited. One exhibit
showed tho natives of Java working
kapok and cotton from the very first
stnge of preparing the fibre to tho fin
ishing of thc woven cloth.
Kapok is the silky fibre surrounding
thc seeds of the silk-cotton tree (Cciba
pnntandra), one of the noblest trees of
thc tropics. It is extensively used in
stuffing mattresses, and also in filling
life-preservers, for which latter uso it
is especially valuable, as it will sup
port a greater weight in water than
any other substance used for this purpose. A mass of pressed kapok will
support thtrty-slx or thirty-seven
times Us weight.
Sir John Gorst is trying to rouse the
British mind to n sense of the futility
—even to the vlclousness—of an etlu-
eatlnnnl system which bears small relationship to the practical needs of thc
time. Ills Indictment Is not lacking
In directness. "A starved und stunted race," be snys, "Is being allowed to
grow up as a legacy for the next generation to deal wltb. for In most elementary schools children ure only
drilled, not educated." Again, "The
higher nnd university schools nre still
fettered by mediaeval systems which
makes the acquisition of learning to
he produced ut examinations the mnin
work of the students." It would seem
thnt the American system Is not the
only one which needs overhauling.
Dr. Ingram says that he was $10,000
richer when he became Bishop of London thnn he is now. No one will dispute the bishop*! word, but there are
other bishops wim bave not lieen similarly Impoverished by their work. Dr.
Ingram says that on onn occasion
when he drove from the House of
Lords in I'u I hum Palme bt1 gave the
cabman I's. Od. The driver gaiod upon
the coin in tin* way habitual with drivers nnd snld. "If St. I'eter hud been
Bishop of London do you think he
would huve given mo only Imlf u
crown?" And the bishop answered.
"If 81. I'eter bad been hen* be would
have iniu Archbishop nf Canterbury,
alld the fare to Lambeth Palace Is Is."
We nre not In n position to dispute
the fare to I.ninhcth i'ulaee, but we
may believe llmt If St. Peter were In
London at ihe present tlmo he would
not be Archbishop of Canterbury.
Probably he WOUld bo In Jnlt for disturbing Ibe peace or for healing the
slek wil bout a medical diploma.
The organisms commonly denoted
as bacteria arc a remarkable class,
nol only us regards the Intensity of
the net Ions which they nre cnpnhlc
of exercising, despite ihelr smnll slJte,
but also us regards (heir oxtrnordlnnry
variety nnd versatility. Thus, for Instance, bacteria played n very important rote In the decomposition, which
led to the production of the Goal men-
surcs of our earth. A peculiar group
of bncterln ure the so-cnlled "Iron line-
terln." These live In highly ferruguv
ous water, nnd hnve peculiar power of
extracting tho Iron from thc water,
iron is contained In water In the form
of ferrous enrhonnte, and It Is this
which Is consumed by Iho bacteria,
who convert It Into iron hydroxide.
Whon theso bacteria die they sink to
lt Is only too woll known that furs
are, subject to the ravages of moths
und other unbidden guests. As a matter of fuel, It is only the skin to which
the fur Is attached that attracts these
creatures. Tbe idea, therefore, suggests Itself to a mind sufficiently bold
to make the step, to substitute some
other material not adapted as food
for vermin, In place of the natural
skin. The statement of the problem
is simple enough, but Us solution is
one which most people would hesitate
to attempt. Nevertheless, it appears
thut the thing has been successfully
accomplished. The following Is the
method adopted: Tbe fur Is stretched
upon a wooden frame and Is then dipped, halr-slde down. In a flat dish, the
dish being filled With water and placed
with the fur In a refrigerating room
and allowed fo freeze. When tbo fur
is frozen to a solid block, the skin Is
Sawed off With a circular saw. It cun
be further utilised for ihe nn facturo
of leather. The surface of Ibe he
block Is allowed to lil.-Il down n small
illslanee, so as In bring out the ends
of iln- hairs, nud then u number of
layers of rubber solution are applied.
After   tbls   1ms     sot     the   lee   block   Is
melted hit,  leaving    lho    hair firmly
sealed  lu the rubber.    'I'be product   so
obtained perfectly rosombtos natural
fur iu appearance, bul differs from li
in boing nulla unassailable by the vermin which  attack  the latter.
The odor of tbe ulr proves the presence of abnormal constituents nnd its
disagreeable character certainly suggests, although it by no means proves.
(hul  they muy be harmful.     O if
the earliest experiments bearing on
lho subject wo owe to Qrown-Se-
quard, Air was aspirated through a
series of bottles In each of which was
placed a mouse. lietween the fourth
and fifth bottles tlu- air was passed
through strong Bulpliurtc acid. Brown-
Sequaril reports that the first mouse
to die was iu (he third bottle, while
the mouse in the fifth survived without 111 effects. It was plausibly assumed that the acid bad removed some
poisonous material other than carbon
dioxide. The repetition of this experiment in the hands of competent
observers has at times given similar
results to those of Brown-Sequord
nnd at other times given divergent
results. l'ossibly tbls is to be ox-
plained by the differences in the rate
at which the nir Is aspirated through
the bottles or by some other uncontrolled condition of the experiment. It
can hardly be doubted that, under the
given conditions, toxic substances are
added to the air; and, since these nre
removed by sulphuric acid, It Is possible that they are of basic nature.
The presence of toxic constituents
in the air of a crowded room is also
indicated by experiments in which the
water vapor of the air Is condensed
by cold nnd the liquid thus obtained
is administered to an animal In one
way or another. While the methods
of work are decidedly open to criticism, it would seem that In many of
them distinctly toxic and even fatal
results have followed. In other experiments large quantities of the air
of the room have been passed through
sulphuric acid, the acid subsequently
neutralized, und the liquid thus obtained has proved to have toxic properties.
Assuming thut ibe positive results
from experiments of this kind should
be given greater weight than negative
results, wc are sllll Justified In concluding that only tho air of the crowded room contains some poisonous material, We nre not Justified In assuming that tl comes from the lungs,
since there Is obviously the possibility
of contamination from tbe skin, clothing, decaying food particles In the
mouth, or catarrhal exudates from the
air passages, and thc like. This bus
an obvious practical bcurlng on the
older teaching, that while the carbon-
dioxide is not of Itself poisonous, it
indicates the quantity of poisonous
material present. This cannot be
true unless the poisonous material
comes from the lungs; and there
seems to be prnctlcnl agreement tbnt.
when the respired air Is received directly from the trachea of a normal
animal, It Is not only Itself odorless,
but there Is no odor fn the liquid obtained when the tracheal nir Is condensed by cold; nor do nny toxic ef-
feets follow tho administration of this
condensed liquid to an animal.
Speaking  of    various    tun tiers,  lho
Ban   Francisco   Argonaut   remarks:
"<>ur exposition manngen- ought not
to have asked permission to carve
"Sun Krniioiseo, 1916," In one of Ihe
big trees in BeqUola Grove and the Interior Department ought not to hnve
granted it. It is quite enough thnt
femes, dead walls, and house roofs
should be sacrificed to Ihe passion for
advertising -'publicity,* we believe Is
now the phrase. The beauties and
grandeurs of nature should be exempt.
Public resentment against the promoters of the PortOJQ festival for defacing float Island has not yet died
out; and 11 Is n demonstrable fact that
resentment against a recent candidate
for sheriff for writing bis mime across
the fnee of Twin Peak- contributed to
his defeat. There Is logic and propriety In advertising our coming exposition In reasonable ways; but It ts
offensive nnd outrageous to defnee the
Sequoln Grove In exploitation of anything."
It wns the ttelglnn chemist, Joh.
Haptlst vnn Helmont— IR77 to 1644—
who for the first time Introduced thc
word "gns" Into use, nnil experts and
philologists hnve long wondered
whence hn derived this expression,
Max Speter gives u lengthy account nf
Ihe history of tho controversy nnd tho
etymology of the word gas. From this
It seems thnt Helmont derived this
word by a transformation of the Greek i
word chaos, while others think that
the Siiiirikrit word akasha—celestial
ether-—was the basic word. Ramsay is
of tbe opinion lhat gas Is derived from
the Herman word gelst. More Interesting thun tho etymology of the word
is Its history. After the death of Helmont it appears to have been entirely
forgotten, and It wus not used again
until 1778, when Macquer used tt In
his "Dlctlonnuiro de Chymle." From
there Lavoise took the word over into
his system—traite elemental!**, 1789.
In Germany tho word gas was first
mentioned In connection with reports
of Montgolder's balloon ascensions tn
Purls, lt was then called "der gas?'
and from that time on the term has
been in common use. However, J. Chr.
Adelung, a well-known publisher of
dictionaries, used it only with reluctance, calling it a barbaric word,
which Helmont must have taken from
the Hebrew, or perhaps from the
Dutch word geest (spirit), and be
hopes (bat a more proper word would
be found. Hut the wish of Adelung
ims never been fulfilled, uud Helmunt's
word has been preserved to the present day.
Si range    though    ll    muy  appear,
wheels   were   not    used   generally   for
facilitating transit lu Britain tin comparatively rocont Units. The very
first  carriage    was   mado for Queen
I'.liv.ahcl.i Iii 10Q8; (he lirsl lhat plied
for hire In London were hi 102(1, ami
the tlrst stage coaches Mere In ltir.il.
Urondly spoaklng, -ill tho curly wheels
were  compression   wheels   with  radhil
spokes.   The Introduction of ihe bub*
penslop wheel for bicycles marked n
grooJ advance In Uie shock-absorbliiK
powers  of   wheels.    The   first   bicycle
wheels   wot* inpresslon   wheels,   ami
had wooden spokes and rlin wllh an
Iron lyre. The wheels were Just ordinary light earihigo wheels. The curved
mom ber connecting the buck axle to
the (op of the front wheel Is not al-
togothor unlike that used In the chariots nf the ancients, Later bicycle
wheels had rndlal-wlro spokes which,
being In tension, kept tho rim in position. In a suspension wheel the spokes
and hub nre in extension, while tho
rim Is lu compression. It Is a common,
though not unnatural error to suppose
that the spokes Of a modern bicycle
wheel are sometimes In compression.
As a mutter of fact, tbey are always
In tension, even those between lho
hub and the ground, when a heavy
rider Is in tbe saddle.
A quarter of a century ago "Alice
In Wonderland," the nursery classic
which hns delighted millions of people,
was dramatized, and there is shortly
lo take plnce nt Ihe Empire, Liverpool,
a celebration of this event; for "Alice"
Is simply worshipped In the north.
The history of "Alice in Wonderland" Is one of peculiar interest. It
originally consisted of a collection of
verbal stories with which the author,
the late Itev. Charles Dodgson—Lewis
Carroll—wns wont to delight his child
He was subsequently persuaded to
publish them In book form, nnd the
work at once leapt into widespread
popularity, and is now recognized as
being one of the finest works in the
Knglish language.
It seems almost Impossible thnt tho
writer of a book of such pure Imagination should at the same time distinguish himself In the higher mathematics, and produce such works as
"The Formulae of Plane Trlgnome-
try," "A New Theory of Parallels,'*
etc. Yet so It was, and this apparent
anomaly Is responsible for an amusing
incident nt court.
When "Alice in Wonderland" waa
exciting enthusiastic criticism
throughout lbc length and breadth of
the land. Queen victoria, who had
beard of Lewtf Carroll's success, asked that any other books written by the
same author might be sent lo her.
You may Imagine the Itoynl surprise
when an ohtrusc mathematical volume
was plnced in her hands!
This invention is the product of nn
English Inventor. In the course of
some electrical experiments he accidentally pressed n coin, which hud
fallen on to thc table and was rolling
off, against a metallic plate covered
with a piece of paper, nnd nt the same
time against an Insulated electric tine.
To his amuzement he saw u septa
print of the coin Impressed upon the
puper. This happened about twelve
years ago. Since (hen the Inventor
has followed up this observation, nnd
has now developed a process for printing without Ink. He uses dry paper
Impregnated with certain chemicals,
whose nature is not disclosed, in tho
process of printing the paper travels
ver n melul plate nnd the type Is
applied on the opposite side, n current of electricity passim* through
thc paper. According to Ibe particular
metal used for Ibe sub-strahim. nnd
nccnrdlng to the mode of ImprOgnhtlon
if the paper, n great variety of different colors can be produced, so thnt
multi-color printing become** an easy
justice Grantham, the great (Snellen
Jurist, who bus Just died In London,
was famous for the candid expresslrins
of opinions with which be decorated
Ids Conduct OH tho bench. Here nre
some of the decided statements with
which he Is credited:
"Counsel very often try to drnw a
red herring or n hnre ncross the pntb
to prevent tbe Jury seeing what Is the
renl Issue."
"It Is time that some nf theso publicans were strung up bv the neck. If
more publlcahl were prosecuted there
would be less drinking nnd los crime."
"No one on-ht to tnko n check fmm
n bookmaker."
"Farmers are wholly Ignorant nf
their own business."
"A htjehand In certain circumstances
is entitled to box his wlfo's csrs.*'
"1 dislike tho Roman Catholic faith
as much ns nnvhndy."
It Is easy to believe thnt these obiter
dicta rarely fnlled tn rail forth a protest from the aggrieved victims, hut
th" nrote-t* hnd no effeot upon the
judge. He neither retracted, sfolo-
glxcd, nor explained. f*****"***"
TTltT.ITfW'ArK Tlii'T'TtiTPfs"- ••■■-•
When Limbs and Chest Acha
Have you got cold In your bones?
Huve you a und attack ol "general
aching"'.' You know llie feeling. Umba
ache, muscles seem to have become
tired out, back aches, now and again
a twinge of rheumatism strikes you
hero und there. Your chest feelB tight,
and there Is a pain between your
Cold Is responsible for this condition, and a vigorous application of
Zum-liul< will put you right. Take
a hot bath, and then rub your chest
and the aching limbs well wllh „am-
Mrs. B, Oorlc, 70 Berkeley St., Toronto, writes: "1 cannot speak too
highly of Zam-Buk, A few weeks ago
I was suffering from a bad cold, which
had settled In my throat, chest and
limbs. 1 trlod all kinds of remedies,
new and old and found very little relief until 1 used Zam-Bult. tm applying this Ic, my Ihniiit un.l chest 1 I'nunil
such ease and relief from the lightness and soreness I dolormlnod lo use
only Zam-Buk. 1 also rubbed It on
my lln.lm where I fell lh" rlloumatl
pains. In threo days from Ihe lime I
first begun applying Zam-Buk 1 was
free from Ihe eold III throat und chest,
and also tbe rheumatism In my limbs."
Zam-lluk will also be found a sure
curo fur .old Moron, chapped hands,
frosl bile, ulcers, blo.iil-p.ils.in. vurl-
c.iso sores, piles, sculp seres, ringworm. Inflamed patches, babies' eruptions end chiipped places, cuts, burns,
bruises mul skin Injuries generally.
All drugglala and slores sell al 60c.
box, or post free from 7,nm-llul( i'o..
Toronto, upon recolpl of price. Avoid
harmful linllnllons nnd substitutes.
Discovery of Porcelain in
(Result of Accident in thc Qicit of the Philosopher's Stone)
lleiiil Doctor: Mow many patlont,
llloil siiii-e ycstcriliiyl
lleinl Nurse: Heven.
lleinl Doctor: Hut didn't I Inject
olglll 1
) Swollen Varicose Veins ls;^\:
' Tortuou-4, Llreratcilt BttUtaxpOf
ll id Le--_, Milk Ia:s. Thmi.Ao-
nli, tlU'i'imiitiiiHh. it Ukcsout lho
luJ_i_i:i_linn, suii-r.,----) and disci-torn*
tinn: r -it -v.-H the pain and tlri-dm «
nduees tbe swelling, nra .ually i-siui**
Inn u.irt to n.irmal nin ncth and ap.
p..ir_ni*«. Ai:i»»KBi:.v:.Ji;.,i**a
oilli, __-<**. pk'-SiiDt sntls-ptlo lint*
nc-at, hrallng ond B__tl:lna. Reter. caw*, when)
fetal ba*e ulconitod and broken bate boon -t m-
■1 _* >i» and twruaseniif cur*d. first low er
-_..___. •.•'•."•dSi:  •-
The date of tho discovery In Europe
of porcelain, us distinguished Irom
earthenware, is known quite exactly.
in 1708 tlio professional alchemist
liottger, of Meissen, acting under the
"inspiration und assistance" of Augustus the Strong, Elector of Saxony und
later King of 1'oland, produced the so-
called red porcelain, using for the
purpose Saxon earth. Incidentally remarked, this "inspiration and assistance" consisted in Imprisonment, with
the prospect of release only when he
hud discovered that "philosopher's"
Stone which would change lead Into
gold—flic discovery of porcelain being
a side Issue, ll was only by accident
that Bottffer arrived at the use of
Kaolin fm- "ohlna" making. Report
(aya   (hat   this   happened   by   Home  of
Lho powder from his wig- such powder
being Iti fuel kaolin or (rue China clay
falling Into Ihe fire. It was not until 1710, however, that ho had Hueeoed-
'■il lu inaniifactui'lng white porcelain;
or ut uny rule It was not until Ihls
dale thai ho showed ll lu public—
namely, ut the gre.it Leipzig "MoSSO"
nr fair. The raw material wan for u
long time Imported; but Inter It was
found that thore waa uu abundant supply lu Saxony Itself,
Hut this discovery of liottger, to
whom a BtalUO has been erected lu
Molison- In Hn* "Burg" or castle of
which he bad been imprisoned—was
after all but the re-Invention of un art
Which had been lung known to thu
ChlnOSO and Japanese—ill fuel, Chin-
q_q porcelain was In use- on the table
of the Elector Augustus himsolf. There
Imd of course been many attempts to
prod uii- the thin-gluss-1 ike material;
hut ull III vain—all that hml been dime
boforo Bottgor's time was to produce
lho so-called soft or "frit" porcelain,
which resembled the true porcelain In
-.ome particulars, and which was manufactured in France in tho otghteenth
Just how long the Chinese had pes-
icssed the secret which refused lo
llscload Itself to lho European Inventors, hus until very shortly been us
much a secret as the composition of
hard porcelain was to the experts of
lie previous centuries; but now wo
•an say lhat we know with tolerable
■ertainty about when the Chinese
•ommenccd the manufacture of
'China" ware.
It has long been supposed, by those
who have studied the question, thut
the Chinese hnve known porcelain
dnce the sixth century before Christ;
his belief lieing based upon a statement by the French Jesuit Father d'-
Entrccolles.   who    had    lived   in   the
id pofinantu.. ,  ...        .  ~.
ca'iuh-i.' At*->o::biM-,« J it., hiu givo n Ue?
inl prow K^n^9t\^^{^S^\lSitim at
drum-fists cr dellver-d. Det_ll*_iiit-ctionf.. rcporw
on recent coal's and Hook 6(i f rue on rfqurs-U
• .'..li..iii I I'm; ii,.i _U< 1'iK-il lu   '-.uumjl _-trf.rr
. tl-.*,|i.r_-t "*_   "*** UA  Vimum
TO    ' i
McMillan fur,_ wool co.-
i i-: i-'iiit ciiti'i i. a fi
Have yon ever heard of n case of
catarr.i, broichilis, inflammation of ihe
lungs or p.. irny that did not start
wil i a com itou c >id?
Kvery c_U yon catch has in it the
nnkia^-t ol one or olhcr of these dis*
eases, it it can break down yourd jlences.
And even if it does not develop into
something more dangerous, it will keep
you tlur Highly miserable for a week or
two at lci-l.
The wUe course, ns soon n* you feel
ihe cold coming on, islostirt taking
Na-Dr i-Co Syrup of Linseed, Licorice
and ChloroiWne, and keep It '\p till the
coin is knocked cut co.tnlctely, This
splendid joagh syrup will do the trick
quickly an 1 LlOro-.lgllly.
Vim cm fesl perfectly safe in ttklnr
Nn-Drn-Co Svrtip of Linseed, LlcorlCt
and Chlorodyiti or in giving it tu your
c:.il.lr.*ii We'll gladly glva your
physical n list of .ts ingredients if VOU
l.kc. Your Druggist cm supply either
tec .or wc. bottles The Nationnf Dhig&
Cueniical Co. of Canada. Limited.    117
Make the Liver
Do its Duty
Mia. tin. ia m wlwa lis. linr UrisjhldM
atwuch and bowtla .r. right.
pel . I.if livu h>
do iu dm..
Sick - -
HMsda-s*. aad Dl..r... af.-r E._f.
ls.aU pa SauU Dim'mil Mm
Genuine «-_- Signature
"Middle Kingdom." und who based his
assertion on Chinese information. All
belief in a still earlier origin—nnd
Ibis belief has long obtained among
many who nro Interested In the subject—Is based upon loo little recorded
evidence to be considered us of uny
Value. The "Chinese porcelain," found
in 1834 in an Egyptian grave of 1800
B.C.. proved to be a fraud of the commonest sort-
But now having the advantage of
long and careful research, Herr Ernst
Zimmermani Curator of the world-
famous Royal Porcelain Collection in
Dresden, has come to the conclusion
thai Chinese porcelain was Invented
toward the end of the fifth century
of our era; and be names as the Inventor Ihe Minister of Public Works,
of that (line, Ilo Chou. Tbls Ho Choti
Is snld to have been a collector ami
connoisseur of old painting and the
like, uml to hnve bad a very thorough
knowledge of uiitlquitles. This was
at a period when unfortunately the
art of glass-making had boon lost for
Somo time, as thnt of hardening bronze
Is to us; and while the workmen did
not dare to mnke new experiments, ho
succeeded In making out of "green"
porcelain, vessels whicli resembled Ibe
long wlshed-for glass. Records of Ihe
suine period go to show ibal workmen (hen had sucrceded In making
VOBBftls which were "white nnd brilliant us judo,"
Prior to this time, says Zimmerman,
the Chinese records concerning porcelain uro scarce nnd unsatisfactory,
During the Tung dynasty—818 lo 907
of our era—on Ihe oilier hand, there
commences u scries of praises of Ihe
ceramic manufacturers of the time.
Earlier records concerning ceramics
can In no wise be considered as referring to porcelain; while there is no
difficulty In recognizing in later de-
scrlptlons tho true hard porcelain. In
fact, in the records above referred to,
nol only the time of the Invention Is
mentioned, but even ihe wny is pointed
mil by which it was arrived at, the
production of a material the qualities
of which luy betw.een those of the
previous ceramic wares and those of
ln any case,    Bottger,    of Meissen,
Low-Cost Cough Syrup
A Family Supply for 5Cc, Caving You C2—
The Quickest, Best Thing You Ever
Used, or Money Refunded.
The prompt and pccltlve results given
by this Inexpensive cou;;li medicine havo
caused it to bo usod tn mere homes in
tho U. S. nnd Canada than nny other
cough r-tnedy. It gives Instant relict,
and will usually v/.De out tho most obstinate, dcep-sci-tcd cough Inside of _4
hours. It quickly succeed,, even In
whooping cough ar.d croup.
A 60-ccnt bottle cf I'inex, when mixed
with hemc-mndo su*_ar syrup, makes ltf
ounces—a family B__*ply—of tlio mest
plenBant and effective COUgh remedy that
money could buy, at a savin** of ?2, Easily prepared in five minutes—full directions in rack_»e.
Children tako Tlnex Cough Symp willingly, bocauso it tastes good, Ji stimulates the appetite, and Is slightly lawi-
tlve—belli excellent features, splendid
for hoarseness, throat tlck'.o, bronchitis,
etc., and a prompt, successful remedy
for Incipient lung troublo,
Plnex is a apodal ard highly concentrated compound of Imported Norway
White Pino extract and n rich In gun la-
col and ruber natural heating plno elements. Simply mix it vitb sugar syrup
cr strained honey, in a 10-os, tiuitic, and
It Is ready fur uso.
Plnex has often been Imitated, nut
never successfully, fur nothing e'so will
produce the same results. The genuine is
guaranteed to givo absolute satisfaction
or money refunded, Certificate of guarantee is wrapped in each pad-cage, Yuur
druggist lias I'lnox or will glndv get It
for you. If not, send to The Plnex Co.,
Toronto, Ont.
crowded Ill-Ventilated room. It is not
impossible, too, that the unfavorable
circulatory conditions in other organs
as well as the disagreeable sensation of
nn overheated skin contribute to the
interference with working power.
Ibis cause are Indeed more numerous
thun lho denlhs due to limitations of
aeroplanes und unsuitable atmospherical conditions. A dozen good flyers
were killed In the Inst iwo years bu-
oause they were overconfident.
The responsibility of aeroplane
builders is general and often direct.
No matter what may cause the fall of
an aeroplane the fat" of the pilot when
he strikes tho ground Is largely governed by the construction of the machine. If a machine is strongly built
Ihe aviator in u fall stands a chance
of escaping with nothing more than a
shaking or injuries. A weak machine
on the other hand, will collapse at the
Impact of the fall and the aviator may
lie pinned to the ground by the motor.
There nre several kinds of adjustable
calks on thc market, that is, calks that
can be removed ami also replaced with*
was the first European who succeeded out taking the shoe off of the foot,
in producing, by ceramic process, a Some are threaded and screw into holes
ware "between gla.ss and pottery." So made in the shoe for that purpose, as a
wc may set It down as proved that Ho bolt screws into a nut; some are driven
Jn studying the physiological aspects
of ventilation it is of practical import-
mire to distinguish between what may
be caned tho acute effects of exposure
of an hour or so to vitiated air, and
those effects whieh are produced by
prolonged exposure to sueli nir. While
the line cannot be sharply drawn between them, still it would seem that
the. toxic material acting for long periods of time should produce a cumulative undermining of health quite different from the immediate acute interference with the running of the human
inecliuiiism which nil havo experienced
after half an hour's stny in n crowded
room. Toxic material, so fnr as it
is a factor, docs harm chiefly if not entirely when it nets over comparatively
long periods, and we must seek elsewhere the explanation of the acute ef*
fects, Tliey »re sufliciently familiar to
all; the dull heavy feeling; at times
hoadacho] Ihe difficulty of sustaining
at feu tion, or even of keeping nwnke
while listening to nu address. West-
less (loss nlso develops, and this Ih often the expression of aetunl diseoinfori.
The symptoms are strikingly similar
to those experienced in the warm mug
gy days of summer time, und in two
respects the atmospheric conditions in
the two eases are the same; namely, the
high temperature nnd the high doffreo
of humidity. Evry breath of expired
nir leaves the nostrils nt almost the
temperature of the body, and saturated
with aqueous vapor, The result Is th-*.
most unfavorable of conditions for the
maintenance of the constant temperature of the body, in the effort to maintain which resort is had to vascular and
other adjustments, which, while successful in their immediate object, are unfavorable for other phsyiologieal activities. So important is this maintenance of the constant temperature that
almost everything else, sueh us digestion, mental work, and the like is sacrificed to it.
A constant temperature means, of
course, the maintenance of equality between the heat production and the heat
output of the body, llent production,
when the body is not engaged in muscular activity, is, to all intent-*, and
purposes, constant above 08 or 70 deg.
Fnhr. At these temperatures it dots
not vary with external climatic conditions, and is not. influenced by ventlla
"My otii- wish will be," writes lliu-ry
P, Pollard, a well known boot and shoo
traveler of Hartford, "that everyone
with u bad sumach may learn as 1
did before It's tuu late, that Nerviline
Is the ono remedy to cure. Why, I
was In mighty hud shape, my digestion
was all wrong, nnd every night 1 would
waken up with a start and Iind my
heart Jumping like a threshing machine. This was caused by Kits In my
stomach pressing against my heart.
When 1 started to use Nerviline I got
better mighty fast. It Is certainly a
grand remedy for Ihe travelling man,'
keeps your stomach lu order, cures
cramps, prevents lumbago or rheumatism, breaks up chest colds and sore
throat—In fact, there hasn't heen un
ache or pain, Inside or outside, for the
past two years that I haven't cured
wllh Nerviline. Do you wonder I recommend it?"
th.-n made the ilrst public statement
of the fact lhat only a few duys ugo
a marvel of engineering had quietly
been completed at Nauen, whieh could
be considered a world wonder of at
least the same order ns Ihe Kiffel
Tower. In spite of violent gales blowing recently, the Telefunken Company
had In fact succeeded In the daring
task of pulling another tower of
equal height on top of the freely oscillating Iron lower, i-eetllsg only on a
point In u ball Joint and kept vertical
by three steel rubles. The Telefunken tower of Nauen with Its present
height of (1(10 feet is, ufter the Eitfel
Tower, the highest building and. Incidentally, the most daring structure
In the world,
Swedish engineers nre engaged in n
lively discussion of u scheme BUffC-CSltsd
>. u    ,,„ijr    OVI    ,1    UU...I    ..    iris,,...,    ......    .«..      ,....,    p.iv„.    ,,>.u   •»    »UV]    m»...„   —. ..    — - - v—     . j*. ,1. ■ , I ff , I,.!
Chou invented the true hnrd porcelain in and some slide into grooves and re-1 "l -Vr- wikiiiiucr, tor transmitting any
ubout the end of the fifth or the be- scmble a piece of knife blade.     Tho |e»p>$*_ olootrlett 1 energy from the huge
ginning of the    sixth    century after style of calk that screws in is gencr-
Chrlst;  nnd that   Bottger arrived at ally used in and around the cities, uud
the same result about 1100 years later, are a good show shoe; the simpliciry
1 with which the dull calk enn be remo"-
How Aviators are Killed
The reason so many aviators are
killed or injured—the cause of one
hundred accidents and sixty deaths, or
dose to two-thirds of the casualties of
the aviation field—is not, as generally
supposed, au excessivo clement of
danger In Hying due either to the
limitations of the aeroplane or to thc
helplessness of the aviators in unsettled
atmospheric conditions. These are but
minor factors, being responsible for less
than one-third of the accidents that
huve happened In air flight.
Thc aviation death-roll comprises
tne names of nbout one hundred men
who have lost their lives on thc aviation field in a little over three years.
To attribute all theso deaths and accidents to the advancement of the new
science would be little short of a libel
on aviation ns a profession ns well as
an applied science. Lieutenant Sol-
fridge, Captain Kerber, Leon Dela-
grnnge, Charles Wachtcr, Churles S.
Itolls, George Chavez, Lieutenant
Princeton, Lieutenant Midge, Captain
Kugleharilt, and n few others, about
twenty in all, may be said to bave given
their lives for the advancement of
si-icnce, for they met their deaths in
the lirst accidents of different kinds
and these accidents had value for the
lessons which they taught. These
deaths may tie renurdede as the coat tn
llesh and blood of developing tho new
invention. But twenty deaths and
about fifty accidents aro all that can
properly be charged to this account.
The rest lost their lives, either because
they undertook to dy without proper
qualifications or training; or because
they became careless nnd broke the
rules of safe flying for the sake of gain
or reputation; or beeauso the makers
of tin ir aeroplanes were so pressed
with orders that they eould not stop to
apply men iih of safety, or were so lured
by Ihe vision of returns ami prestige
lo be gained by speedy and light lunch-
ines thut they overlooked the element
of Hufety. lu nny event, the deaths
from these causes were entirely un-
necessary nml avoidable.
Tho casual tl 08 due to tho incspori-
once of the aviator aro more numerous
than the cnsualtics duo to nny other
Cause, inexperience being responsible
for over one third of the denths nnd
half of tho accidents. Twenty men
lost their lives in tho Inst twelve months
because of their inoxporioneo with Hying machines.  These woro mostly cases
whore would-be aviators, eager to win
prizes of gold and fntne, entered tho
exhibition field with hardly uny training or qualifications, often using self-
made, crude contraptions for Hying,
that were absolutely unlit to go in the
ed and a sharp one replaced, make them
a favorite for the city snow path.
There is generally one calk used in each
heel and two in the toe, but some use
three in the toe and also an extra one
at the outside quarter, especially in
tae hind shoe. As stated before, this
is a good shoe on the snow path, but
is of little benefit on the hard ice, us
the calks, for a race horse, are not long
or sharp enough, and also four or llvo
air. This was especially true in the of this type of calk are insufficient ro
cases of D. Kreamer, Mr. Pcnot, A. V. procure secure footing, as the ice, bo*
Hnrtle and W. A. Purvis in America: ing brittle, breaks away as the calk
P. Wiesenbttt-h, H. Bochmullcr and L. I sinks Into it. and it leaves no foothold
Licrc in Europe. All of theso lost for the propelling force, especially of
their lives through the combination of the hind limbs.
inexperience ami bad machines, ln In many countries where Ice racing Is
each ease the would-be flyer undertook in vogue, they still stick to the old
to Ily without knowing even the rudi- style "chisel cnlk." This as Its name
incuts of the profession nnd used a,implies, is a calked shoe with the heel
machine that wiih bound to collapse at calks turned up and drawn to a sharp
the smallest shock. Tho other thirteen edge and about three-quarters of nu
had good machines, but lacked tho inch high, the toe cnlk is welded
training to operate thom. Paillole, for straight across the toe, and is given
instance, undertook to fly across quite a slant toward the front so ns
country with only ono week of train-'to stick upright into the ice as the
ing; Carlos Tcnnnd tried to Hy over a foot is leaving the surface. This illves
town with no more knowledge thun he In good toe purchase to got awny from.
had gathered in a few weeks of self-,This shoe is mostly used in the far
teaching; V. Smith tried to Hy in winds northern ice races. They also use a
when his experience wns confined to four calked shoe that is forged out uf
what he hail learned in a half dozen a solid piece of steel.    This obliterate
This—the tendency of the beginners
to undertake big feats—is ono of thc
all chances of a calk becoming lost or
knocked off during a race, which would
be  a  serious  handicap  indeed.      Thi
Trollhattan falls to Stockholm. The
whole of central Sweden is to be covered with a large network of electrical
conductors, the Trollhattan lines being
linked up with other sources of electrical energy and especially with the large
Dalafvcn waterfalls recently oequlrcl
by the city of Stockholm, this scheme
would promote tho distribution of electrical energy to the small industries,
and while satisfying the energy requirements of the Swedish capital for a
considerable ".imp lo como, .vould dispose of tho project of exporting Troll*
hat tan energy to Denmark. Jt is oven
thought that" the Trollhattan-Stockholm
power transmission scheme mny furnish
electric heating for tho apartment
houses of the capital.
Mr. Chesterton seems to be fond of
the public debate. A few month, ago
he discussed the woman's question
with a suffragette loader, and now we
read of the crowds that came to th-
Memorlal Hall in London to witness
the duel lietween him and Mr. O. B.
Shaw. The question for debate wa_
In terse and colloquial terms. Mr
Shaw moved a resolution to the effect
"that a democrat who is not also _.
socialist la no gentleman." Mr Chesterton asserted the negative, to the
effect that a democrat who is not ■_
socialist is, or at l-a_t may be, i sen-
tleman. Mr. Shaw la uil and _mn.
.Mr. Chesterton Is—not thin, an.l i
antithesis was physical aa wel i*
mental. Mr. Chesterton waa sll .
supercilious, ironic. mocWng, and for
once in his life Mr. Shaw was Canind
Into fiery exposition and wemed e
the moment actually to bellevi 'ome
Of what he said. Mr. Hiiair*:
was in the chair, and although Me
question at issue was not put tu t_te
vote, everyone seems to have hod j.
good time. Neither Mr. Shaw nor llr
Chesterton took any notice at dw
other's arguments, and so when IL*
Chesterton said that a man hod ■._
much right to own a piece of [and is
to own his arms and Wa legs, Mr.
Shaw said that it was a burmnif nit.
rage that thousands of pounds ibnu-d
be paid for a jewel while the mar*i*r
value of a baby was nothing u .dt
Naturally no conclusion was ceaaftod
except that Mr. Shaw ts aapaflfe .»■.
emphasized declamation and thai IL™.
Chesterton can stir him to display It
At the congress of the German Shipbuilding Society, Director Bredow of
the Telefunken Company delivered an; exhibited'"at
Interesting lecture on the recent pro
Kress in win less telegraphy, especially
In connection with ship installations.
A wireless connection between Germany and her colonies. Implying spans
of up to 3,700 miles, would by no
menns seem to be impracticable, for
even now the huge radio-telegraphic
station of Nauen near Berlin, with its
tower of 330 feet and only 100 horsepower consumption, has bridged distances  of  3,100   miles.      Dr.   Bredow
The longevity of artists is almost
proverbial, and The case at -Qamae
Robert Macquotd. who. u ntnaqi -
one, is still painting, is remarkable, but
not unparalleled. T. S. Cooper*. B.-t,
the   Royal   A.'a.iem--   :'ir
several years after p;ui".i i , : ...-
tleth birthday: John Masse? W- ,r. _
water-color artist, born in' ;"'., -vaa
fully occupied and in active work ap
to the time or* his death v the ig_ ).
ninety-three. Most notable, hownvac,
was Titian, who. born ,n 1477, -ed
just one year short of a can wry, ard
continued to paint pictures until ta«
very last.
most deplorable   features of aviation, four calked shoe hns calks similar to
Most of those who enter the aviation the  chisel  pattern, one nt  each   heel,
field to llv thiuk that living ia the casi- the outside heel calk being of tlie kldo*
est thing in the world'and seldom go calk type, running lengthways.      .lie
to tho extent of learning more than thc *« calk is straight across and there is
rudiments of piloting an aeroplane before engaging themselves as profes
sionnl flyers.
one extra calk at thc quarter to assist
in  preventing the  foot from slipping
sidewnvs.      These calks, thc  same  as
The exhibition  flcl.l ha. ever .pelt **• ct.l-ol cnlks   nre from onehnlf to
■nth n.,.l .lentruetion for .viator. Ll   k'oc-qu»rt«*r» 0   an Inch Ugh ami^on-
tor the ice far enough so it can not all
chip away and thereby they furnish a
firm foothold.
The sole objection, of course, to this
death and destruction for avintors
machines. Here tho greed of the promoter, thc ignorance of tho crowd nnd
the anxiety of the flyer to gain or
maintain a reputation combine iu making aviation appear a very deadly game.
Very  often   promoters  of  meets   do
not kuow anything about Hying machines ami the problems of power-
night They promote meets Jusi as
they would promote a circus, and they
i-xpeet flyers to perform under any
conditions, like clowns. Whon they
engage a flyer thoy require of him*
and set It down In Idack and white In
contracts -thai    he   perform   certain
"BtUUlStM If he does not do so he will
not bo paid. Their favorite (lyers are
those who risk their lives to electrify
the   spectators.
Tho crowd Is often no bettor than
the promoters, it does not understand
the subtler problems of flight ami,
therefore, expects uvlntors  to do the
or the chisel calked shoe, is thnt, owing to tho depth they enter tho ice,
while thoy give firm footing, it is bound
to tire an nuimnl, not only on account
ot the depth the cnlks enter tho ice,
but nn animal shod with cnlks of this
length must necessarily pick his feet Up
considerably higher' than if ho were
shod with shorter cnlks, or plain. It
is surprising how a low-gliding going
trotter will net up when placed ultOM
a set of these long, sharp calks, nud ns
it enforces uiiaatiinil action, it m-ist
naturally bo tiresome.
lietween  the circulation  in  tho skin
nnd that in the bruin there is n very
close correlation; one is generally, if
not always, sect' od at the expense of
The  efficacy  of  Dickie's  Anti-Consumptive Syrup in curing ooagbs ind
colds   and   arresting   inflammation   nf
the lungs, can he established by hun-
Try Murine Eye Hemellv. No Smarting— Feels j dreds  of  testimonials   from  all  aorta
?1,,e--M._LH^^ conditions of men. it is a standard
When Your Eyes Need Can
Watery Ky. s and <» rami Ial ed ByelldS. Illustrated H.H.k lu i-a.li Package, Murine U
ci.iiipt.iimli-il hv onr OanliltB- nul « "I'tiicnt MihI-
li-iiin"—imi atod in ■uec-ufnl Physicians' Proc*
lice fur ninny yenrs. Nnw drilli-nti'il in lho I'ub-
He nnd mild by UriifKlnts nt Si.! ..nl Wc iht Unit Ic.
Murine  Kyi* Halve In AlOpllfl TUbU, tffl nnd 60i*.
Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicago
remedy In these ailments and all Affections of the throat and tonga, It
Is highly recommended by medlc&M
vendors, because they know and appreciate Its value as a curative. Try it.
Asthma Doesn't Wear Off Alone. Do
not make the mistake of watting for
asthma to wenr uwuy by Itself.   While
Impossible, and If they full to come up u,0 ot]w^ ' T|lUg 8|Mp i8 accompanied
to expectations ibey accuse them of |iy |nM0Med cutaneous circulation;
being fakers. It Ih tbls that has sent WUKi„g |8 preceded bv a sudden, murk*
n dozen of flyers to the hospital and Ct\    cutaneous     constriction.      Mental
work, especially thnt involving interest and attention, is accompanied by
still further limitations of thc How of
blood to the skin. Conversely, whenever the cutaneous vessels ure made to
dilute, ns on  the  wnrin,  muggy  day,
several to tho grave tn the lust six
months, an flyers usually prefer lo face
any danger than to being called cowards or fakers.
Thc factor tbnt bns killed many experienced  aviators   Is  carelessness.  It
Is nn accepted trutsm In aeronautical tho quantity of blood flowing through
circles   that   It   takes  nn  experienced tho brain is lessened.     In theso fnets
flyer to muke flying a dangerous profession.   That is because some flyers
you nre wotting tho disease Is surely have n tendency to become ovcr-confl-
Bath.rlng a stronger foothold and you dent nnd cnroloss. The deaths due to
llvo In danger of stronger nnd yet
stronger attacks. Dr. J. D. Keltogg's
Asthma Remedy taken enrly. will prevent Incipient condition from becoming chronic nnd saves hours of awful
we probably And Ihe true explanation
of tho dull heavy feeling, the difficulty
oi attention, and the discomfort both
on the muggy summer duy and of th<
Only thc uninformed endure tho
Agony of corns. Tho knowing ones
apply Hollowuy's Corn Curo and get
• .Ana rm,rue HKM.STHEI._NG8
Rifles For Huntin;
Shoot a Winchc-tcr once and
you will shoot a Winchester^
always: That's because Winy-
Chester rifles after a test of >
over thirty years represent i
today in accuracy, reliability*
and quality, the highest development in gunmaking. Whatever you
preferences may be, some one of the nine"
different Winchester models will surely suit;''
for they are made in all calibers and weights. I
PUitar Bi.rd take- the pluoe of Lath, and is fireproof.
The "Emipre" brawls of Wood fiber and Hardwal)
PlaiitsM- for aonH onnstrnotion.
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
123 -__
. »'   .1,    __e»ab-S____!
New   Spring   Goods
Fornwrty (Tlie New Rm.)
Printed nntl nnhll-ihM evrry Thursdiiy from its
office, -ft CKtmlOSter Street, ChlllliVRck.
Subscription price $1.00 per year In mlvniitv to nil
; point*) In Uritisli Kiupln* :   In United State.|t,W,
j Diiplit)' Advertising rate.** nmde known on aupll-
catlun lo thu publisher.
j    ClU-sllk-d iidi.rli-k-im'iit_. 1 itfnt per word wu-ti
insi-rtiiin. pitvabk* hi mtvniicti.
I)is|>lny aiJvi*rtl-k*r-i will pIimi-m* remember that
Ui Insure u cluuitrc fopy inu*it too in not luU-r Uuin
I Wuiiu-idiiv uiornlmr.
C. A. BARHfcR. I'ubllnj-rr nnd Proprietor.
Furnishings, Boots & !
Shoes I
All of the latest style and finish, f
Terms Cash.     Cash discount on all |
amounts over one dollar. f
We have In stock a number of standard doors, assorted
sizes, which ive purchased at a snap price.   We bought
these doors right aud will sell them right.
The Prices Range From
$1.75 to $2.15
Compare these with regular prices and come and see the
doora. Come early as they will not last long at these prices.
P. 0. Boi 243
Phone L2442
Ciillrwach Planing' Mills
A. G. Brown-Jamison Co. Ltd. j
Rock Cl—llll-rs Howl Mm hiti.Ty        Contractor..' Equipment
Mining Machinery lls.il.-rs KngiiicH
Internal* Autnmnhil.
Farm IpiplsMnPtltl
Dairy Sr»|,|,li».
(iramni Motor Truck)
llazclw.Mxl Wlltting Machine.,
1048 Main Street
Vanconver, B.C.
All mot-bets wore present, at the
11 regular meeting of the oity council
on Monday evening in thc clerk's
A letter was road from the Elk
Creek Waterworks Co., stating that
ilie proposal of purchase of the
Waterworks system ny the city had
lieen discussed at the annual meeting nf the shareholders, and that
the directors and two shareholders
luul been authorized to go into the
An invitation to attend the Union
of Canadian Municipalities convention ut Windsor, Ont . was filed.
Edward Hunt, the contractor for
the new post office asked for a third
of the width of the street in front
of the proposed I uilding, for material, etc. Twelve feet outside width
of sidewalk was granted, a sidewalk to Iw laid around the enclosure
The Ontario Securities Co., sent
a statement regarding tlie city bonds
recently purchased liy that tirm.
which was received and Hied.
Provincial Inspector of Dykes
E. A. Wilmot replied to city council's proposal re collection of dyke
tuxes 011 city property .Mr. Wilmot stated that it was too late to
make arrangements for collection
for this year, and pointed out the
necessity that the total tax should
lie paid at one oiliee to avoid confusion. On this and other points
the council agreed that the city
would have no advantage in collecting Ihe taxes, and the letter was
received and filed.
Revised plans re Thou Bonny-
castle were submitted by R. A.
Henderson, C. E. and approved of.
The assistance of the Mayor and
city solicitor Bowes was granted
property owners on Reeec avenue
and adjacent properties, in an effort
to secure a re-adjustment of the
survey, to comply with the registered plan. By an error the lot* as st
present defined are thirteen feet
too far east, each owner residing on
portions of two lots. The mistake
occurred in presuming that Young
street was forty feet wide at this
point, where in reality it is sixty-
six feet wide.
R. A. Henderson, C. E.   on request of the council  gavo  a  clear
nd satisfactory explanation of thc
situation and the steps necessary to
remedy the matter.
The purchase of a strip of property six feet in width from B. A.
Irwin at the corner of Young and
Westminster streets for the purpose
of making Young road a uniform
width was discussed. Mr. Irwin
allies his propclty at $50,000, the
strip required constitutes one-fifth
of tin- whole, and would therefore
be worth somewhere about 810,000.
The portion of the building whieh
would be removed brings a rental
of 8900 a year or nine |»r cent on
an investment of *10 (100. Alderman Eckert who had been delegated to interview Mr. Irwin, gave the
above infomation. He, with the
Mayor was appointed to confer with
Mr. Irwin.
Alderman Goodland again
brought up the subject of city
sanitation and the disposal of
garbage aud the matter was discussed at some length. It was decide I
lo rigidly enforce thc "Chilliwaek
Sanitary By-law," the mnre important provisions of the by-law to In-
printed and distributed throughout
thc cily.
No protests having been received
re thc construction of a plank walk
on Young street as petitioned for
hy W. .1. Calloway and others, the
Chairman of lioard of works was
requested to proceed with same.
The arrangement with Reeve
Wilson on behalf nf the Municipali
ty re .grading of Hodgins avenuo to
hospital, city to pay half, wos
considered satifactory
The Mayor reported that he had
visited wuter properties at lhmville
Creek, Coitus Lake and Smith's
Falls, and with It A. Henderson
would stake out and make request
for water privileges.
For two horse collars for use in
fire hall the clerk wa3 requested to
convey the thanks of the council to
Westminster city council.
The lumber tender of thc Abbotsford and Trading Co., for car load
lots was accepted, and that of tho
Chilliwack Planing Mills for
quantities less than  car load lots.
A request for 85(10 hy the Board
of Trade for Publicity purposes was,
on the lirst division in the proceedings in the 1912 council, laid over
for one week.
The Mayor placed 'he request of
Maxwell Stevenson for street improvement More the council, and
matter w.s handed over to chairman of board of works to deal
Wi arc tdimvinir nearly 400 diller*
nut linen of Spring Siiiiinp-i coin-
priMing all the new color HJV-ta
and lati'Ht wenveH in medium
Weight cloth-.
W. llins/tou st.   0|.j. 0|s in llmis..
Sol   Agency House of Hobb. Hiu,
Public Notice
NOTICE is hereby given forbidding all
|w-rsons from .Inn.ning ls.|!s. cans, or
oilier debris along tin* public highways
or in running streains in llie Municipal-
ity of thu Township of (IhJlltwhack.
By Order of the Council.
C. W. WEBB, CM. 0.
Annual Meeting
The Annual General Meeting of the
Chilliwack Creamery AfwociatinnLimit d
will b.' held in Ihe Odd Fellow's hall.
Chilliwack, on Monday March 18th 1(11!!,
at 2 o'clock, n.m
Business will include the receiving of
Director's R< ports, election of officers and
a discussion of the plans for the season's
operation of the Association's enlarged
A full attendance of those interested is
nrgently requested.
Vf. I. MACKEN. Secy.
For Sale
Remington Typewriter, good condition
$30 cash. Piano, good instrument for
learner. 800 Cash. May be seen at
McManus' Jewelery and Music Store.
Democrat, nearly new, may be seen at
Adamson „ Compcan's livery barn.
$75 cash    Bargain.
Dog Lost
fs.st—A black retriever dog. answers to the name of " T,.wser."
The dog wears a narrow collar. The
tinder will Is- suitably rewarded by
phoning S  A. Cliadsey, KOI.
For Sale
Kor Sale cheap— A large t.-am of
burses, new harness and n-iig.ni for
heavy work. Also puny, harness
nnd buggy stumping outfit, blocks
and cables.   Apply to
IV, N. Stringer,
2fi-2 Surdis.
Nairn's Scalp Toalc
Mach.ln. Nature's Scalp Tonic, contains one ingredient thai supplies nourishment to tlic hair root, nne thai kills
lh.- daiulnitr genu, and another linn
puts life and lusirc into the hair.
Each package contain, a pnckii nf
Machela Dry Shampoo Powder. Price
for complete limn, in al ment $1.00
Hold and guaranteed hv II.   J.   Barb r.
Capital paid up
Reserve Funds
Farmers Business
Money advanced ti Fanners at reasonaMe rates,
notes handled on most favorable terms.
Manager t
Under the Paint
Any wag-on maR
can produce a hand-   |.
aome finish.
But It taKes years of experience and study
to produce a real, long wearing, easy-running
wagon UKe the StudebaKer.
When you buy a StudebaKer you Know It's tight cleat
through. The House of StudebaKer doesn't hid. weaK materials
or faulty worKmanshlp .—-'or the paint and v   -lah.
If you want to be
will be a
of wagon satlsl       m your choloa
Why taKe chances with any other?
We sell and guarantee the StudebaKer
For Sale by The Chilliwack Implement
and Produce Co.
Estimates Given
Phone 58
P.O. Box 266
Electric Cooking Appliances
El Perco
For your morning
cup of coffee.
Price |7 and |8
The heating disc tor
general  Unlit cook-
Price |5
El Tosto
Makes, delicious
tonal on a momenta
notice.   Price |4
Too well known to
need  apecial  mention
Price 14.75
See these appliances nt onr Cliilliwnck Office.
All are Operated from an Ordinary Lighting Socket
B. C Electric Railway Co, Limited
Central Property
Business site in centre of the City
PRICE   $45 per front foot   TERMS
F. J. HART & CO., Ltd.
The Chilliwack
T aeher nl Pianoforte  Member ol M
I. al  i    lii-iiilini       til J    ii.1
Pi-lvai. S .. ..i   N     Yuu
Wishis pupils mr  I'ianu ol  Orgiui
Appl) Henderson bin k, over
Maple Leaf It straunt.
C. T. Vradenburg
1-;-1IMAlK> It ItNlslIKU
FItlchtr St. CMIIIwmK
IV. haw a lli-W and up lo-daic
plain .villi dn Ian sii in. ill.«U fur all
kinds ol (Jl.ailing. Hy ing and "rowing.    Expert help for all branch.',..
Special aitciiii.in «ill Is. giv. It ii.all
Mini aii.l KxpnisM ..nl, ib from Chilli-
vMickiiinltheViill.y. Wi H..|iei, airhil.
428   8th AVE.  W..  VANCOUVER
Tell-|l  Is Of  Vl.lee.   I'llleil   llllll   Vi.ilil,
iii Clilllbvai'k vvi-i kly
•Sl'l'ls I'S |s..H.sll . anl la. til.- Cmna-rvisturr :
HIM llniHilway Wlml, Vancniiver
.nul ..ur tcrtL-her will - ..it ..it y«.i.
JOHN   II. I'LAI'lillTiiN
NOTARY I'llll.lC
Westminster Trust Building
II. A, Hendkiiron, i-.E. it- M.K.
11. C.   I.ASIl   SrllVKVOH
Rssninss 10 A It. WcJtnilnitcr Trow Block
illlll.l.lWAl'K. B.l'
Opposite Ii. 0. E. Station
Fitted  witb  modern conveniences'    and    comfortably
furnished throughout.
SAMUEL SUTOR,      froprltlof
Tak. nolle that I D It. Mil/linan
i> Ciiilliva.-k B C hereby apply lo tin
B-Hid of Lin ns Commissioners for th-
n.i March I3.h 1012. for leave to tran.f. i
ill. In.1.1 li.-. ns. for ills- sale of liquor ai
.Ik Ktniirc*. hm.l Chilliwack. li C
... I-      Sin I Sum
Dated ibis Sih day ol F hrtiar,\ 11)12
ForSale or Exchange
HuUlllll Bull Calf, ngisnnil Sin.
Prince Raiiilolph. Dam. Ku.il> D. bred
l.y Win Anii"iriing llillliurst. Ontario
R uni uf Dam. 10000 |h.iiii.Ih »f mill,
in i« lv. moiling Fur particulars ami
terms apply Us
24 .1 Harrison Mills
Tnki* tintirr tlmt Hppli. ation will tov
ti:ul.* to tln-Ho;inl of l,i(***li*M- t'oiiiiuii«ioiii*r-i
-.ittitif im a I.i.i-iiihiiik Court fur tlio City
uf t'tiiiliwaii-k at lu noit r-iuiur- f»r
'1 litw tu -k*II Wliien, flpiriU. Birr.
or otlivr r.-nn.-ii till or iiitmicut in* Liquor Ity Hi*
till In Unit .-ortitin bulldln* known aa tlio Com
hut l.il MoU'l situ-iti* un tlio ni.rtliirly nidi* of
Wittinlntter utr-wl on lot 5. nod the wt_n*rly I.
nf lot fl. HI.H'k \V now known iia lot 5 and went
erly i .1 of lot * lit Me- k XVU, Di*. lilon "K" nf the
'ii> »f( luiii wtuk tlio *iiin* roiit-tiiili-K not tan
thin MmniiiH actually fuml-hed ami ttiwd fur
Hoto I puriMiM***.
Tlio following U a copy nf the Mid application:
" To the Bmird of Mi-cntr Cmuquhomri f«r
•tin-(ily of ('liilli-rt.uk. B.C.
" I. John MiDoniiklofthe City of ChllUwmk
" in the province of Urltlih Columbia. Hot. Ikeep-
" or. hereby apply fnr h Ili-enH* to aell Winrs,
" spirit*. Iloor. nnd other fenncntod or Intoiii-at
' In* liquor toy retnil In that corUIn buiklin* in
' the City of Chllllwaek known aa tho Comimr
' i-i il Hotel altuate on tho northerly aide of
' Wc-itniliiater alrect on lot 5 and the Wealerly
' 11 of lot 1. Blm-k XV. now known an lot 3 aitd
1 YV.-t-rl) 1 I of lot 6. in Hlia'k XVll DivtMon
'"K" of the City of Chllllwaek. the mum* con
" lu 'in* m>t Warn thin M naimaactually furnish
"iii for ll.il.l purpowh ami of win. It tho ipplf
"cant I* leaaee."
" Il-l.H thi* Ural day of Ke.irn.iry Ah  wit.
John M.'lh.inilil."•
IM«1 at Chllllwaek B.C. thla Ut day of Kil.ru
[ ary ltd
John McDonald, •_-*•*****,
T. H. Henderson's
Lovely Flowers, Fashionable and Becoming Shapes
nnd smartly trimmed lints.
See tin-in   before buying.
Open evory evening from
7..'to t-i Hi." nml Saturday
from 2..10 to 5.
Troops No. 1 nn I 3 lust Wednesday night did good work in Scouting and despatching for tbe 104th
Regiment. One body wan under
the command of Lieut Caskey and
Scouts ed liy .Scoutmaster Collin,
thc other led by Capt. Coote and
"couts led by first Ans't. Turnbull.
Tlic first mentioned body were to
defend tho fairgrounds and buildings, the others to attack on both
sides. Thc Scouts on both sides
were sent out to iind and report
the position of their enemies Un
unfortunal.v Scouts on each side were
captured. One body of attackers
were cotnpletly wiped out nn account of tlie Serjeant stationing his
men in a squad under a light
After about an hour and a half the
two bodies came face to faco, the
umpire, Capt, Knox—flore blowing
the whistle, thc light cume to a
finish. Thc defenders being given
tin- doubt of winning.
Second   Ass't.    Hummer   mul
Scouts Nevnrd and Tieiiholni were
a dny or two ag.. able Ibrough their
knowledge to administer first aid to
It young man who apparently was
in a lit aud through their exertions
were able to bring him around and
get him in touch with thc doctor.
Scouts S. Henderson and II II.
Boucher were at Tuesday meeting
made Corporals and Coi-|>oral Roach
of No. 2 I'ntrol was made Patrol
Leader of No. 1 Patrol.
Free Press advertising pays.
■rtt si fc 1, i
trillih Columbia Electric ty.
Wl N la.inil.l--
Train.       Chwk.
3 H .in a.m.
12 16
3 1.13 n.m.
7 aim p.in
Train      lligsln
IV, minin
1 fl.30a.ni.
, BsUthfltlMd—
r.shi         Van
Dim k
1 i    fl.30a.ni.
4  12 IS ii.Ksn
3  3.0flp.m.
1              l,civ.         Arrive
train        Van.       Weatmin
fl 3 03 p.m.
' .     "I.l|l|..n-I- 3 00
Vancouver 7 on
a m. 1 Oitllv Km-, p
i      Siinilay
_.. |,..atfa.ia.v«  ......
a IsllililL _.
Young Street
The Scene of all Future Business Expansion and Activity.
Present plans <>f various interests involved,  make it
absolutely inevitable that this ptreet must become tbc
seal of development nnd extensive building operations
We Imve listed > ill. us even available piece of property mi Young treot We recommend investments on
Young street, heartily and will be pleased to submit
quotations which will prove tbe excellent opportunities
existing along this tboroiigbfnre.
We curry tbe choicest list of Farm and City  Property
in the Fraser Valley.     Most complete and reliable information cheerfully given to all enquiries.
Chilliwack Land and
Development Co.Ltd.
P. O. BOX 109 PHONE 178
OFFICE-YOUNG STREET      Next to Empress hotel
C. A. Finny is having thirty acres
of liis ranch nn Ford Road, Stumped nnd cleared, Stevenson & Snider
with a gang of men Imve the work
in charge,
A petition is being circulated
bended by T. Irwin, to have a llag
station at north end of Lickmun
road on the C. N. R.
^ Mr. and Mrs. 0, A. Ford, of
Ford Road have returned to their
home after a two months visit, in
Vancouver. During their absence,
John Broninor Lqokad tiftor the stock
and premises.
Tlie district around South Sumas
is unique perhaps in having four
different names by which it is
known, Lickman, Ford Road, South
Sunins and Atcbililez. il one of
these names could be selected blithe designating one it would save
considerable confusion.
Alchililiv, Sunday School bus purchased n lot from .1. II. Collinsoil
which adjoining lho present S. S.,
on whicli they will erect n public
hall for S. S. pui'P0B(!B  and   public
mooting,   An amount Ims already
been raised with whicli to build this
| Everything You Require for
! Housecleaning
♦ Alsibiistino in Many Shades
* Furniture Renovators
j Kalsomine Brushes
Gloss and Flat-tone
Paint Brushes
J Step Ladders Ceiling Brooms
% Curtain Stretohoi-
* ____________________________________________
i Denmark ® Burton
* I I...IMH...
Opera House Three Nights Starting
America's Greatest Hypnotist
King of all Fun Makers
100 Laughs in 100 Minutes
Change  of Program Each Night
PRICES   25c 50c. 75c.
* *r'e e i
i :»♦♦♦♦♦<*•»».•♦*•♦*.*
The Municipal Council met in re-
gu'ar monthly session on Saturday
afternoon in the office of the clerk,
C, W. Webb.
M Bocking re application for
Municipal oiliee. Received and
Minister of Public Works re
culverts on C. N. R. Received and
B. C. E. R. ro setting poles on
Hope Slough and Knight roads.
Permission granted.
C. E Eckert and twenty others!
re opening up and ditching on First
avenue. Request taken into con- j
T. S. Annandalo re opening of I
Gibson road was laid over for future
Henry Kipp re extension of
McSween road. Laid over.
E  R. Ballert re Chil iwack Cent
nil road ditch.
S. A. Cawley re purchase of part I
lot on South Sumas road. Received
and filed until tour of inspection.
Fred Foster and others re continuation nf gravelling on Slough
n)Sd, and A. E. J. Farrow and
others r" Evans road gravelling j
wena laid over until  after t"Ur of|
• inspection.
James Munro and Robt. Marshall'
re construction of sidewalk on Hn '-
gins nve. to Hospital. If city would
construe!   walk   the   Municipality |
,would pay half thc cost,  for half;
I the distance, tlic walk to be laid on
Municipal side of street.
Thc sum of ?300 wns ordered to I
lie paid .1. McLcod in full compen-l
I ration for right  of  way,  clearing l
and fencing.
I    Abbotsford Timber   4   Trading,
iCo , re road to Lumberyard. Coun-
cil agreed to pay half   thc expense]
] of gravelling this piece of road from ;
. Young road to lutnlier yard.
I    Thc offer of the city council  re
| office room was accepted with a
couple of additional conveniences
W. H. Hawkshaw was allowed a
bonus of 25 cents pcr rial toward
expense of building wire fence along
his property on cast side of Willis
>300 was granted thc Cliilliwnck
Board of Trade tn help defray ex-
nenses of advertising   resources   of!
thc valley,
Re uriling roads in sub-divisions
tbc following molion wns passed:
Before any  plan* of suh-divisions
I can ho accepted all roads in same
shall be cleared and graded, except
in thc discretion of tbe council they
may he   excepted  providing, it   is
i necessary for tbe use of the general
1 public in travelling from one  main
; rond to another.
| The wages for mnn nnd team
was set nt So.IK) yn't day, nnil for n
Iman $2.60 l»r day of nine hours.
The clerk wns authorized to issue
] a check in payment ..f a sidewalk
creeled bv Slcssrs. Reeves and Carey
'after wimc wns examined by the
Thc Assessor was instructed to
begin his duties forthwith and to
return the roll nn or More April
fith. Court of Revision to Ik-held on
A11 il 20, in Municipal office.
Jos. Scolt was appointed road
tax collector, he to receive 15 per
cent on collections.
Clerk wna authorized to have
notice published in locnl papers re
disposal nf debris in roadways and
The Reeve nnd clerk were authorized to sign plan ot sub-division of
part of D L. 88, (I 2., N W. D.,
II C. the property ot the Coqtialcclza
Thc finance committee reported
' favorably on account! lo lho amount
of IMf.ll I I.    Report   was  adopted
and council adjourned.
Your Suit or Overcoat Built
Expressly For You
Perhaps you prefer your clothes made to your measure
which is all the more reason why you should come to
The Fit-Reform Store
for your Suits and Overcoats. Our Special Order Department is at your service. The Famous Fit-Reform
Designers aro at your service and hundreds of patterns
in new and elegant materials await your inspection.
We will be pleased to submit to you patterns and prices
For Your Spring Suit.
I Your Outfitter.
Fit-Reform Clothier.
Mountain View
We have for sale an ideal building lot on  Second      J
Avenue, close in, which can be bought for t
$475 cash j
If you intend building it will pay you to call on us      I
for particulars. I
Chas. Huteheson ® Co.    j
: :
Household Articles
The little immersion beater. Boils
water in a few
El Stovo
The   stove
which     I
your     k
ove   (-.
boils     ISLif!.,     {&/****■
ettle -Jf&'f-'"'
all cooking
purposes as
well as toasting.
El Perco
Makes delic
I0U8 coffee
in ut few
None 257        S.   PUGH
Chilliwack CIllLMWACK 1-*RE_ PRTISS
Anaemic Motiitrs
Here is Relief!
Sufferer of Twenty Years States Dr.
Hamilton's Pills Are n Hen I Cure
"i can't romombor any time during
thu past lit) yoara when my head wuh
n't aching. If I bont ovor. dark specks
wmihi como before my eyes, and it
Boomed uh It nil tho blood In my body
wnnu-ii io -rush lu tho head." Thus
opens tho loiter of Mrn. I.nooh S.
spry, of I'utiiiim i'.O., ami continuing
her Interesting Htatemont sho aaya:
"Work or exertion mado my heart beat
terrible, and going up stairs caused
such shortness of breath that It fairly
frightened mo. My doctor told me that
If that was the cause Dr. Hamilton's
Pills are the greatest blood ronower on
earth. 1 tell you how 1 feel to-day anil
you can understand what a great euro
Dr. Hamilton's l'ills have mad*?.
I feci strong enough now to work
tike a man, as for going up stairs on
the run, it doesn't bother me at all.
I eat and sleep as any well person
ought, and as for dizziness which
used to frighten me so much, it has
entirely disappeared. Dr. Hamilton's
Pills nro a wonderful woman's medicine. They helped me in other ways,
too, and I know every woman that
uses them will have comfort and good
health." Refuse anything offered you
Instead of Dr. Hamilton's Pills ot
Mandrake and Butternut, _!_ por box.
Ail dealers or the Catarrhozono Co.,
Kingston, Ontario.
A company has heen formed in Jackson. Mulligan, to manufacture a moving picture camera, the invention of a
Jackson man, wliieli is as smnll and
light aa the average kodak. It is do*
dared tlmt tins new camera means'an
enormous extension of Ihe field for
portable cameras. People travelling
may tako motion pictures of the places
tliey see, later to convert thi films in*
to reels for private homo entertainment.
To stow away tho contents of tho
Pacific Ocean it would ho necessary to
(ill a tank one mile long, one mile wide,
and onr mile deep every dny for 440
years. Tho figures of thc other oceans
nre in thc same startling proportions.
It would take all the sea water in the
world _,000,000 years tn flow over Niagara.
On the island of Jersey the brooding
of cattle is still systematically and
carefully carried on. Thc authorities
nrt* parttcul&r that thc island bo kept
Immune from cattle diseases. Neither
Inn ilies nor hay and straw may land
from tha continent of Kurope.
Cor. Portage Ave. and Fort St.
A wnr.led first prize at World's r.i
position on its work and method-*,.
Write for a free, rntnlogue. We line
give instruction by until.
That Reminds Ne
Beef Hides
to uh nntl gH 20 per cent
more for them thnn nt home.
Write to ua for our new
price Hat S nnd we will mail
you "»c free. Watch this
ml. weekly.
Wc Mltolt your shipments
fnr Beef Hides, Raw Pure,
Wool, Tallow, Seneca Root,
[lorge Hair, Sheep PelU. etc,
North-West Hide
& Fur Co.
276 Rupert St.     Winnipeg. Hm.
At the Zoo two lillle glrla wero passing the parrots, .sitting on perches out
of doon.
"Ow—Glad-ys, Glud-ys, come 'ere!"
"Wut for?"
"Ow, look!    'l.re'.s a Jew duck!"
Reading that a red chequer homing
pigeon, wearing a blue enamel ring
marked l.ll L.8915, had been found
at l-well, Surrey, an old latly remarked
that It wua terrible how the love of
Jewelry appeared to bo spreading
among all classes.
"Who'H lhat man who just kicked
thu chair over and threw a pack of
cards Into the fireplaco?" Inquired ono
"tui," replied tho other, "he's the
gentleman who tries to rest hla nerves
hy playing solitaire."
The City of Chicago has dceldetl to
build ti home for disabled poets. Sueh
uu Institution has becomo moro thun
ever a ncceaalty In thla age uf motor
traffic l*'cw persons have any Idea of
the number of poets who aru run uver
each year while out for a walk composing their masterpieces,
a    a    a
The defenco wus Ingenious, not to say
Ingenuous, but the facta were very
black. Prisoner's counsel was wind-
lug up his Impassioned appeal.
"1 venture to say that the prisoner's
story," be said, "carries conviction on
the face of it."
"it does," said the magistrate, with
a gentle yawn; "six months of It."
"Why did you select Charles Instead
of George7" asked Maude.
"Well," replied Mayinie, "George
said I had eyes like violets, cheeks like
wild roses, shell-liko cars and lips like
"Very pretty."
"Yes. Bul Charles said I had eyes
like diamonds, teeth like pearls and
lips like rubies, lt seemed to me that
his Ideals were much more practical."
Once an old Scotch weather prophet
at Whiltinghame informed Mr. Bal-
four that "H's gaun to rain seventy-
two days, sir."
"Come, cume!" said the statesman.
"Surely the world was entirely Hooded
in forty days."
"Aye, aye," was the response, "but
the warld wasna' sue weel drained as
it is the noo."
The boy's fishing-pole was fastened
under the rout of a tree on the river
bank, and he was sitting In the sun
playing with a dog.
"Fishing?" inquired a man passing
along thc road.
Yes," answered the boy as briefly.
Nice dog you've got there.   What's
his name?"
"Pish? That's a queer name for a
dog.   What did you call him that for?"
"'Cause he won't bite."
Then the man proceeded on his way.
Mme. Melba tells a story of a litlle
American millionaire.
"He stopped at the Savoy Hotel with
his   tutor   and   governess,"   she   said,
nd one night the two guardians
went to the opera, leaving him alone
In hla apartment with his toys.
"About nine o'clock bis bell rang
Curiously. Ho didn't understand the
telephone, and one of the assistant
nu lingers hurried to bis suite and
" 'Uld you ring, sir?' he asked.
'"Yes,* said Ihe little fellow. 'Please
send  someone  to    hear    me  any  my
e     e     a
Skeczlck's car had turned turtle, and
as he sat gloomily contemplating the
situation Uncle Kil.is reined In his nag
und stopped outside.
Turned over, hain't ahe?" he observed.
"Yep," said Skcczlck, shortly.
"Want to sell?" asked Uncle Silas.
"Yea," aald Skcexlck. "I'll sell out
What's your upset price?" asked
Uncle Silas with a grin.
Father (Impressively): Suppose I
should be taken away suddenly, what
would become of you, my boy?"
Irreverent Son:    I'd stay here.   The
liiestion   is.   What   would   become  of
t    •    •
He waa a poor, miserable-looking
dog, nnd tho strunger'a heart was filled wllh pity. Por the dog was howling, and It was only too evident that
he waa suffering pain. So he as*kcil
tho tired rualh: who lounged near why
Ihe dog howled.
'"Im." asked tlie rustic, "lie's Just
lazy, thnt's all."
"Itut laziness docan'l make a dog
howl, surely?" queried the henovolenl
"Does 'Im." said the lired owner.
"I inly  lazy."
"lint how," queried lho persistent
i-ucstlone*---"how can htzlncsa make
him howl?"
"Well, you see," snld lho rural
lounger, "that pore dog Is alltln' on
■OHIO real, tough thistles, and he's too
lazy to get off, so hi Jusi slls there and
howls 'ruuse It hurts no."
The second-floor room of the llttlo
Cottage was decorated with a shrivelled lasl year's Christmas wrenth, depending from the creased and torn
blind, and on either aide of tho wreath
were pinned little fiitgH, lt gave the
collage n particularly festive appearance. One of tho neighboring women,
'. broad and huxom person, of middle
ago, Stopped In passing nnd looked at
Ihe window curiously, nnd ns she did
so n little old Woman, ns withered nnd
shrivelled an the Christmas wreath,
came and bid her "Good morning."
"Good mom In' to you, Mrs. Cowley,"
suid the neighbor, cordially.   "It's eel-
•TAB- ri*slls*H« HKM.-.TIIF! Mvrs
STOPS COUGHS mm., a* c»n .s
Doesn't   Disturb   the   Stomach,   Eases
at Onco and Cures Thoroughly
Because you are old is no reason
for suffering with everlasting coughing—those terrible chest troubles and
difficult breathing can bo thoroughly
cured with Catarrhozono. You simply
breathe the healing vapor of Catarrh-
ozone, and Instantly its rich balsamic
fumes are curried by your breath Into
the tiniest recesses of the nose, throat,
chest, bronchial tubes and lungs.
Just think of ll—a direct breathable
medicine, full of southing antiseptic
pine essences, that readies every aoro,
congested inemhrun.t In two seconds.
No drugs to take—nothing to harm or
sicken tho Btotnach, bocauso Catarrhozono Is the purest, sufest cough, cn-
tarrh and cold remedy ever devised.
"For many years." writes Richard
McCnllum, Stirling, Ont., "I have suffered from Catarrh, and continually
hawked and coughed, so that my
throat was always in an inflamed, irritable  condition.
"Doctors' medicine did not help me
in the least, and all other remedies I
used were quite useless. In one case
it was time wasted in snuffing powder
up the nose; in another using a greasy
ointment, and so on. Not one of them
was the least bit of good.
"I heard Catarrhozono favorably
spoken of, and tried it. Really it benefited me more in a few hours than
years of treatment with doctors' and
other   so-called   remedies.
"Receiving such immense benefit. I
continued using Catarrhozono, and in
a fow weeks I was completely cured of
Catarrh and throat trouble."
Get Catarrhozono to-day. Lurge
size costs $1.00, and lasts two months.
Smaller sizes 25c. and 50c. All dealers, or Tbe Catarrhozono Company,
Buffalo, N.Y., und Kingston, Ont.
Ibratln' yo are I hoc b' lh' decorations,
an' molghty folne they look. Ye must
b'lavo In Christmas."
The little woman smiled.
"Yes," she answered. "I'm cellbra-
tin' this for Terence, th' b'y. He's
comln' home tbls duy."
"Is that so?" exclaimed tho neighbor. "Terry's com in" home. Ye don't
tell me. I thought he wus sent up for
live years."
"So he was," aald Terence's mother,
beaming. "Yis, he was sent up fr five
years, but he got one year off fr good
"T'lnk of that!" said  the delighted
neighbor,  in sympathetic tones.    "Vr
good behaviour!    Now, Isn't it a comfort to have a son like that?"
"How do you like your new minister's wife?"
"Not very well. She's Jusi as aty-
Ush ua the reat of us."
The famous Cardinal Dubois, prime
minister of France during the Orleans
regency, had a violent temper, but was
by no means Ill-natured. At one time
he was swearing at hia clerks, saying
lhat with thirty clerks he could not
gel his business done. Venler, hts secretary, after looking at him a long
time in silence, answered: "Monseig-
neur, lake one clerk more to swear
and scold for you; hnlf your time will
be saved and your business will be
Among those in a train leaving New
York one afternoon for a Northern
suburb were a man and his wife, who
were overheard discussing various
ways and means of celling out of debt.
The husband had taken from his
pocket a considerable number of papers; nnd as he did ao he observed
fretfully to his wife:
"I nm completely In the dark as to
how these bills are to be paid."
"Harry." said his spouse, as she Indicated with her finger u highly tinted
bill, "you Will he even more tn the dark
if you don't pay this one—it's the gas
•    •   *
The following story of a Wellesley
Junior would lend to show that thc
sweet unreasonableness of tho feminine mind is not wholly done away with
by higher education.
This Junior filled a prescription for a
tonic sometime during thc spring semester. The medicine came In dainty
little pills of a delicate apple-green
shade. When the first supply was exhausted thc young lady tripped buck
to the druggist and. taking out thc
Inst dose, which abt.* had carefully rolled up in lissue pupe**. held it out to the
astonished clerk and said, sweetly,
"Will you ph-iise match this pill?"
A well-known educator tells of n
school of advanced Ideas In Host on,
Wherein no pupil la over punished in
any wny. Ihe Individuality of every
child being held loo sacred for repression,
one day, It appears, soon after her
entrance into this school, one little
girl eume home wilh a face wet wilh
tears and her mouth covered with
Tho mother was greatly alarmed,
and. taking the child Into her arms,
asked what had happened.
The story of what hud happened
was sobbed out to Ihe sympathetic
mother. One, Sammy Parker, it seemed, hud struck tho little girl and
knocked out a couple nf teeth.
When the unfortunate youngster
had been restored to equanimity, her
father, who had. In the meantime, put
In un appearance, naturally enough
wanted to know how the teacher had
dealt With Sammy.
"She didn't do anything."
"Well, what did the say?"
"She culled Sammy to her desk nnd
said. 'Samuel, don't you know lhat
was very nntl-soclal?'"
With the Horses
Itecntrnlzed   ns   the   leudlntr  ancclflo
for the destruction nf worms, Mother
uravnr Worm Exterminator bus pi,.
.•ii a boon to suffering cbihlren everywhere.   It seldom falls.
St til I ion certification at the various
shows in Australia ia now quite gon*
pral. Somo of the associations arc demanding that mares shall also pass the
lest hefore being allowed to enter tho
arena, Not any of tho stuto govern-
iiients, howovor, havo moved to make
the examinations compulsory for horses
whoso services are offered to the pub-
lie, but in most cases parades ure held
in each district every season, and cer-
tilii-utes arc granted to those whieh paas
tlie tests. Tho public can then demand to see the Certificate of any animal of which they may bo in doubt.
This certification campaign hus done incalculable good. Hundreds of unfit
horses have been condemned and rendered useless for sorvico, so thut the percentage of eondoinnations at tho show-
rings now is comparatively small. In
tho young stock forward thero is a
marked improvement, especially ia
heavy sorts. A judge reeontly stated
that ho never saw, in Great Britain or
America, a better lot of youngsters than
those forward at the late Melbourne
show. The certificates ure uow demanded at the yard sales, uml, indeed,
some of the uucttonoora will not accept animals whieh have not passed the
vet. Where uncertified animals ire ot'
fercd,  buyers  will   not  often   bid   for
Ono of the best prospects for the
slow pacing classes In 11)12 wus recently
purchased by J, IU. Wright, of Prince
Albert, Sask.. from Goo. Arnold, Sutton   West,  Ont,
She is n handsome iron grey mure,
four years old, goes without tho hopples, and with only eight workouts step-
lied a mile over the dirl lu B:22 ami a
quarter in !H seconds. She is by Petition's 1st, son of Petition, ho by Pistachio Iiiiil 1 _| a full brother to Nut*
wood, 2:183-4. First dam, Minnie Me
in tyro by Bronzo'a Blue Hull; second
dam Sherry Cobbler, bly a thoroughbred horse.
This mare has learned very fast, and
iu the hands of a good man should boat
2:12 over a half-mile truck before next
•   •   •
During the turf season of 1912 thero
promises to be a pretty struggle for
leadership nmong the Americana who
huve planned to race their horses in
France, William K. Vanderbllt has
been so tremendously successful with
ins big stable thut lie lias been showing Mie way to all others by a wide
Americana who huve recently taken
establishments over there are determined to give their distinguished countryman a stiff battle for the leadership, nnd Frank J, Gould and Joseph
E. Widener arc mentioned as Mr. Van-
derbllt's most likely rivals.
Mr. Widener, when he first appeared on the French turf, figured only In
tho cross-country races, but for 1012
ho has decided to take to tlat racing.
Thomas Welsh, one of thc foremost rf
American trainers hns been engaged to
handle the Widener horses nnd many
purchases havo been mnde, including
the supposedly ten heat yearlings in
Frunce. These wero secured for Mr.
Widener by Eugene ' Leigh, another
American turfmnn, who has long been
identified with the French turf. Somo
of these yearlings cost Mr. Widener
$10,000 apiece.
Frank .1. Gould has a stable of 28
at Malsons Lafllttc. His recent season was a tremendously good one, and
he has also made purchases of famous
matrons for his racing establishment.
Frank Wootton rode more winners
this year than any other jockey since
Tommy Pontes hud 221! successes In
1803, though Moray Cnnnon was not fnr
behind with lSij winners in IS!).*) nnd
182 in throe years previously. These
records, of course, were surpassed by
Fred Archer, who four times excelled
T.   LoatCS1   best   figures  and   in   1885,
The Tinman" rode 240 winners when
he could not go to tho scales at less
than S st. It lb. Increasing weight is
bound to prove a disadvantage to Wootton, but his career, so far as It haa extended in England, has been extremely
brilliant. He ia not only easily at the
head of thc list this yenr, but has the
best percentage of wins, an honor which
usually falls to Mahcr. Wootton left
for India this week, accompanied by
A. Howley. It hns been very satisfactory to see thc younger school in Winter, IHckaby and W. Huxley come to
the front, and other boys like It. Stokes,
E. Huxley nnd E. ('aider show much
On December .Hat, ISM 1, tho telephone service of the United Kingdom
became, like the telegraph service of
thnt country, a government monopoly.
The history of British telephones is
reviewed in a recent report of Consul
Itufua Fleming, stationed nt Edinburgh. An net of 1800 gavo to the
Postmaster (JehernI the monopoly nf
operating telegraphs, nnd iu ISKO, ua
a result of the case of the Attorney-
(.eiii-ral vs. the Edison Telephone Co.,
it wns decided that telephones were
included in the provisions of this net.
However, the government, instead of
buying up the patents mid tutting the
telephone service into its own bunds,
granted licenses to the existing telephone companies. At first the companies were restricted In their operations to limited nrcna, but from IHXI
onward the licenses were applicable
over the entire kingdom. Tina led to
the organisation of largo companies,
and by 1H1I2 practically nil the liu-ti-
ness wiih in thc hands uf thc National
Telephone Company. Ltd. In 18!hi the
government took over the operation of
nil the trunk lines connecting one town
with another, paying the company upwards  of ♦2.B.3.T83.      The  latter  has
Relief for the Depressed,--Physical
and mental depression usually have
their origin In a disordered atate of
the stomach and liver, us when these
organs are deranged In their net ton
Ihe whole system In affected. Try
Purmelee's Vegetable Pills. Tbey revive tlie digestive processes, act beneficially on the nerves and restore the
spirits aa no other pills wlll,vThoy are
cheap, simple and sure, and lho effects
are lusting.
since continued to operate the local
hues, but will transfer nil its business
to the post-0 Dice nt tho end of the present yenr.
There nre approximately 044,000 telephones iu the United Kingdom, but it
is estimated that if tho system were
used in thc sume ratio to population
us in thc United Stitt.s, the number
would be nearly .1,000,01)0, .ludging
from the history of tho telegraph service, it ia expected that tho transfer
of the telephones to tho government
will result iu a great extension of lho
Just on the eve of England being declared free from foot and mouth dls-
ease another outbreak has occurred
within u score of miles of the last In
Somerset. The Board of Agriculture
sent out notices withdrawing nil restrictions lu connection with the October case, but these hud scarcely
reached their destination when telegraphic intelligence was received of a
further suspected outbreak, and tho
suspicion proved only too well grounded. Though it Is only about twenty
miles from the lust, there Is no reason
to believe that the latest arose out
of the former, and they are still as
much In the dark na ever regarding
the origin of the trouble. A committee of enquiry appointed haa already
begun Its work, und It hus the best
wishes of all breeders. The Koyul
Agricultural Society has made a sensible regulation regarding the sales at
next year's show, it is to the oltool
that If animals are bought for export
uud the country lo which they are
to be sent Is declared und the uiiIiuuIh
paid for, (he sale shall be cancelled If
within fourteen days from the date
of thc auction the porta In the particular country ure closed on account of
foot and mouth disease or for some
other reason. This will probably be
udopted In connection with other sales,
and would certainly be fairer lo buyers, and give Ihem more confidence to
bid, nnd confidence bus boon sadly undermined during the hist six months.
Damp floors, walls, etc., ure sure lo
bring trouble,    If you Ijavo a cement
floor to your chicken bouse, be sure
to cover it deeply wiih scratching material. If you use straw, cut ll lnio
short lengths ubout six Inches long,
or y*»ur chickens cannot scratch, us
long straw clings together. Use n patent water fountain, as a dish Is liable
lo upset. Great care Is required to see
that the chickens have plenty of clean
water in winter, as If frozen the chickens might be without water for a day.
Hard floors are responsible for all
kinds of trouble, aa the chickens Injure tbelr feet lighting from the perches.   "Bumble foot" Is often caused hy
Hard to get rid of them, too. Two or
three applications of Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor softens the thickest tissue, and removes it painlessly.
Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor removes corns, warts, and callouses
quickly and painlessly. Sold by druggists, price 2Bo,
Mrs. McRea Suffered for Over Two
Years, Then Two Boxes of Dodd's
Kidney Pills Made a New Womrn
of Her
the continual contact with n hard cement floor. Wooden floors are much
tho warmest under foot, but unleas
raised from the ground are liable to
become dump. Hopper feeding of rolled or crushed oats la a good Idea, us
your chickens never need be hungry.
You need not be afraid of the expense;
as soon as they get used ^to thla
method of feeding thoy will not overfeed. The idea of hopper feeding
cracked oats gives all the chickens a
chance, If some havo not got their fair
share of the hand-fed grain they need
not go with empty crops.
The Canadian Farm says that "In
sheep nnd swine, the Canadian breeder
has, ut least, held his own, though
handicapped to a considerable extent
by general market conditions. All
honor la due the sheep breeder for
having maintained the pure-bred flock
at a high Standard of perfection, notwithstanding the apathy which the
average farmor exhibits in regard to
sheep raising. The ShOOp shows during the year, especially In Ontario,
have never averaged up better. Here
agajn tho circle of those who are taking up tllO rearing of pure-breds la
widening. The number of new exhibitors bus shown u gratifying Inoroaso
during tho yeur and Ibe average quality has not deteriorated nny because
of this new blood. Here, too, the Can-
aillan-breil ji ii Iiiiii 1  has more than held
Ills own. lu the field of swine raising,
ll Is now largely lho ('unudlau-bred
animal or nothing. Breeders in Canada have developed a type thut Is distinctly tbelr own. The bacon ideal
has been the one they have sou^hi
and   produced.    The   type   has   become
fixed in the majority of herds and it
Is Hie exception    to    And  an  animal
among   the   recognised   bacon   breeds
that docs not conform In a large measure to  this type.    Aud all this haa
been accomplished in spite of the disabilities which the hog Industry labors
under  generally.      Take   the   present
season as an example.    Feed  Is scarco
und dear, yet the farmer Is getting no
more for the finished product, und, In
fact,   not  us   much,   us  when   feed ing
conditions  were  more  favorable.    Uul
jV6 will have more to say aboul this
at a later date.    In the meantime  it
mr ' be said  that  unless the  pucker
does more than he has been doing in
j the way of paying a premium for ba-
j con hogs, there must follow a recession from the Ideal aet up.    ln fact,
I there  are  some   Indications  that   the
| tendency In the other direction hus al-
| ready set In."
Provil, Gaspo Co., Que.—(Special)—
That she might have escaped two
years and seven months of suffering
hnd she tried Dodd's Kidney l'llls in
the tlrst place is the Arm conviction of
Mrs. John Mcltea, an old and respected resident of this place. And this Is
the reason she gives for believing so:
"For two years and seven months 1
was a sufferer from Kidney Disease
brought on by a strain and a cold.
My eyes were puffed and swollen, my
muscles cramped and 1 suffered from
neuralgia und rheumatism. My hack
ached and I bad pains In my joints.
"For two yenrs 1 was under the doctor's care, but he never seemed to do
mc nny lasting good. Two boxes of
Dodd's Kidney l'ills made a new womnn of me."
To save yourself suffering cure your
Kidneys at the first sign of trouble.
Dodd's Kidney Pills are the one sure
! Mrs. J. 11. Blossom, of Minneapolis,
; operntlng the largest cutlery in tbe
Northwest, began thc Industry a few
years ago with n single Persian kit-
j ten which she purchased aa a pet. Enthusiasm of her friends led her to the
conclusion that a cat furm would pay.
She bought some -lock and began
raising Persians. Last year she made
nearly ,$1,000 out of it. Her cats have
won prizes all over the country, and
she   has  0   shelf  full   of  cups,   badges.
aud diplomas.
In excavating the foundation of Xew
York's municipal building a new record
hus been made for depth. At tho
southern end of the Structure, which
will house between 5,000 and 8,000 city
employees when finished, the "sand-
hogs'1 went down ISO feet below tho
kerb-line, or 107 feet below sen level.
It Is In Demand.—So great Is the
demand for Dr. Thomas* Ecloctrlo Oil
that a large factory Is continually busy
making and bottling It. To be in demand shows popular appreciation of
ihls preparation. Which stands at the
head of proprietary compounds as the
leadL.g Oil In the market, and It Is
generally admitted thai lt Is deserving
of the lend.
Owing (o .o mucfa unfavorable weather, man. farmer, o.er Weeterc
Canada bare gathered at lead part of their crop touched by fro.t u.
otherwise weather damaged. However, through the large shortage in
corn, oate, barley, fodder, potatoe. and vegetalsles, by tbe onu.tial bent
nn.l drought of lax .umnier in the United Htatea, Ka.tcrn Canada and
We.tern Europe, there i. going to be a eteady demand at good price,
for all tbe grain We.tern Canada ha. railed, no matter what it. quality
may I.e.
So much variety lo quality makes it impossible for thote lei. ei
perlenced to judge the fuli value tbat ahould be obtained for turn grain,
therefore tbe farmer never .tood more In need of the services of the
eiperienred and reliable grain .-ommiHlon man to aet for him, lo the
looking after and selling of bi. grain, tban he doei thi. aeaion.
Karmen, you will therefore do well for youraelve, not to aeeop.
■treet or track pricei, but to .hip your grain by carload direct to Port
William or Port Arthur, to be handled by ... In a way that will get
for you all there i, in it. We make liberal advances wben desired, on
receipt of shipping bills for care shipped. We never buy your grain on
our own account, nut act aa your agents la selling it to the best advan
tage for your account, and we do so oa a Hied commiseioa of le per
We bave made a specialty of thia work for many years, and are
well known over Western Canada for our experience in the grain trade,
reliability, careful attention to our customers' interests, and promptness!
ln making settlements.
We invite farmers who have not yet employed ua to write to ns for
shipping instructions and market information, and In regard to onr
standing in the Winnipeg drain Trade, and onr flnancla' position, we
beg to refer yon to the Union Bank nf Canada, and any ot Its branches,
also to (be rnmmercial agencies of  Bradstreets and B. O. Dun t Co.
703 Y Grain Exchange Winnipeg SJ
Education by Moving Pictures
Till, time hns long since passed wben
a sensible person could sneer at
moving pietu.es.. or minimize
their importance in the life of the cum*
inanity. There are still many, however,
whose*attitude toward them is one
uither of avowed hostility or of suspicion. Recognized aa inevitable, tho moving pictures are eveu yet considered na
a kind of evil, to be kept down us much
as possible.
But while this 1ms been, nnd still is,
the attitude of most ndults whose education has lifted them a plane above
processes of digestion, and very valuable ones of hcurt-nction. Still other
medical men have utilized moving pictures to show the externa) symptoms of
various nervous cases. Also, there are
over one hundred films showing surgical
operations by skilled practitioners,
which are available for medical school
Iu various schools of technology, moving pictures ure utilized to show mn*
chine-shop methods, The entire behaviour of u machine in actual operation can thus he illustrated to a clusa*
mpvod pui*t the Texas at a four-mile or
five-mile range. Views of the firing
from the ship on which the camera waa
placed are followed hy views of the
Texas, showing how tho shots landed.
Similarly we see the guns of the New
Hampshire, next in line ahead, belch
forth, aud these views ure followed by
pictures of the result, so timed thut it
-seems us if tho spectator follows each
discharge with his eyos. The serios
closes with near views of the wrecked  eruption
Picture of Consumptive Camp Shown on Moving Films
Ithe enjoyment of moving pictures, the
lnovi 11 g-picture Q ltd ion CO und  the mov*
ling picture manufacturers havo togotll*
l_r been working out very practical prob*
llems of social sorvlcu by moons of the
Ii'Iiii dramas.   They lave been nided by • tion  pictures,  fo
IiIiohc few wiser souls in thc community j recreation.     The
room; chips Ily, workmen move about,
feeil the machine, curry off waste, aud
so on.
'1 he   United  States Oovornmout has
officially  recognized  the   value  of  mo-
educutiou  and
ship   Vermont
il  targe who hnve hnd the good souse j was the first ship of the United States
T,o see that In the popular interest in*| navy to be equipped with a projector
■moving pictures lies a vast power for
We propose to tell here a few of the
llefiuile elocutional end- which huve
iiled by moving picture.*', most of
J hem without uuy further incentive
It hun the desires of moving picture nud*
1 euces to learn and the desire of mov-
■iugpittuic manufacturers to serve the
|l-c*-t interests of their patrons; aud to
litiow, in addition, whut a wide educa*
Itiounl lid.I is ns yet untouched, what
Ian Influence for good, if rightly direct-
led, the moving pictures might exert
lover the young.
Wo fancy that the time will come,
land before long, when every elementary
I school will be equipped with a film-pro-
Ijecto.*, to be used in the study of his*
Itory, botany, geography.    All childron
■ love moving pictures.      Two  hundred
■ thousand children go to the film then*
It res in New Vork each week. Instead
lof decrying this great natural Interest,
Ithe purt of wisdom is to utilize it.
The only true educution comes
[through a rousing of tbe child's inter*
•.st. Here, then, is an obvious educa*
Itiounl weapon. Instead of dwelling
■upon the evJli that ought to be suppressed, und painting a gloomy picture, let
Ins point out the good which already
linhcics in the film dramas now being
■shown iu the commercial theatres, and
■the good moving pictures are already
lacconipli-hing when put to special pur
I poses.
A certain percentage of the films
Itemed out by the better tminufactu.ers
■ for display upon the commercial screens
I nte, to-day.    educational,    not because
anybody  has ordered them to be, but
solelv because the moving-picture aud*
[ lent ch like to see such films, .Mid the
I manufacturers prefer to nininta.n a de-
[cent standard,
One of the popular films of recent
■ soiii-uns wus called "I.oil Vour VYate ."
lit wna a microscopic film, 'bowing the
I bacterial life in a glass of water, mul
ltiplici ten thousand times. The wnter
I wns t-hown in thc process of boiling,
| the bacterial life wns seen to die, nud
j finally the water wns filtered off dear.
A second film, also microscopic, fhow-
|e I thc life in a little pond, including
J what the photographer's catalogue de
(scribes as "terrific combats between
IWuter fleas." It also ahowed the guwth
lof a fing from tho tadpole, aud many
lather  iulciusting things,
Another popular film was a picture of
Ithe diiiboliiiil career of a house-fly,
[from one generation to another. ft
fallowed him walking iu filth uud then
Iwiping hiu feet in ti.e sugar-howl, all
Tn the most vividly revolting mniiner.
|We fancy this film caused more than
io gnihagccan to be covered. II wus
|icnle.|   bv   the   State   hoards   of   health
.if Louisiana, Kfuios- nml Florida, by
f In* health hoard* of < liiciign ami Ottl*
j ratoii, by the Okluhomii ngriculttinil
jxperiment station, the University u<
ot.uiii, and the Uut tie Creek Hani
| Bt llllll.
Another film uf distinct educational
nine   was   piepured   ill  the  suggestion
11' iht* Now Vork  Mill, Committee, and
xhlblted throughout the country,
11 sliowe 1, first, a dirty and unsanitary
kllOll,    'I llO   farmer's son   protested
Igainf-t   such  conditions,  but   Ir-  stub-
lorn ful hor, like most old-timo farmers,
kfll.Od to mend mutt cis.
The  non,   with   his   wife  and   little
|<nby.  left   the  furm. moving into  the
lily.   Presently the hnby fell sick from
1 Halting  tainted  milk,      Her    grand-
Jithei. coming to see the child, disrov-
Ire I that tho milk came from hia own
Ifnhie.   Then ho went buck nud reform*
ll.  the   film   finally  showing  ti   clean,
Jlodcl. sanitary dnirv-ntnhlo In  opera*
■'nn.   'the direct value of such a film,
Upecially in the light of the C hi meter
|f moving-picture audiences, can hard-
he iiueslioi ed.
ji Moving pictures nre already used tn
[•i huical and medical instruction. Com-
Jandon, nf Paris, not Inng ngo ustnn*
I'led tho Trench Academy of Scimiccs
displaying microscopic fllnia show-
| g whnt takes place in thc blood of
moils*, inoculated with the virus nf
i-eptt'gslcl-ne-r-. A Oornmn scientist
lis taken X-rny moving pictures of ths
uml films are regularly displayed, both
for the instruction and the amusement
uf. the crews. The army and tho experiment stations of the Department of
Agriculture arc following the lead of
the  navy.
Moving pictures arc easily utilized in
agricultural instruction. If a film-
camera i? placed by a gluss seed-box,
ami a picture is taken six or eight times
a day. the whole growth of a plant
mny be shown. Of course, wheu the
lilin is run through the projecting machine, you see the seed go into the
ground, sprout, grow, flower, and como
to fruition all in the space of ten minutes; but .£ you make proper allowance
for this acceleration, you get a vivid
picture of plant growth. The behavior of harvesting machines, seed drills,
and the like, can alto he illustrated in
action, in order to teach modern, scientific farm methods.
A hop grower in New Vork State uses
moving pictures of his plantuticn to
interest investors and buyers in the
city, who cannot get out to sec the actual process of hop culture. The American Tobacco Company has a similar series of moving pictures, covering the
tobacco industry, which is used for
much the same purpose. Salesmen for
other industries, of varied kinds, now
interest possible buyers by means of
motion pictures.
We may well ask, if commerce can
muke such use of moving pictures, and
if they are valuable in highly technical
education, why should elementary education neglect tbem, where they would
have the added appeal of dramatic antl
pictorial interest?
Indeed, many of tho technical scientific subjects, nnd such of the medical
subjects ns arc proper for general exhibition, havo already been shown on
battleship and scenes on board, whoro
the havoc is indescribable,
Not long iigo an officer from tho
State board of health of Louisiana,
went to New Vork seeking moving pictures fiiitubte to show in a health campaign. A cur was to he run nil over tho
Slate, containing sanitary exhibits, and
moving pictures were to be
llie programme, iih a means nut only
uf attracting (lie crowds, but of lust uc-
tlllg (hem. I'i lins for the purpose could
he found iu plenty. Here wus un instance of sane recognition of the million picture's vast pos*i hill ties for
good; and, ns we have mentioned, oilier
health   bourds  are  also employing  film
d ramus.
The University of Wisconsin however, hus gone a stop further, and hns
(niton definite measures to incorporate
ihe   moving-picture   machine into its
elm ulioniil QXtOIISloU  work.
.\s an Illustration of the varied edit-
national films whlOll, without any orders
from anybody the manufacturers have
n I ready provided for tho put runs, especially the childron, of the present
i-ommercial thent es, we hnve only to
scan the lists of a single firm.
Kor Instance, a well known French
firm, operating largely In America, hus,
besides cortain scion ti fie films already
mentioned, pueh interesting pictures ns
" Hobhie's Microscope,'' showing the
food on the table, thc blood, tho sap
in a leaf, and other common things ami
processes under tho microscope. It
has a bountifully colored film showing
the entire growth of n chrysanthemum.
It hns a marvelously clear picture of
the life nnd activities of a carrot-caterpillar. If nil these films, and many
more like them, can bo prepared for
commercial purposes, nnd can interest
people who have come to the theatre
solely for amusement, without the nid
of teacher or lecturer, how vast might
be the carefully directed use of moving pictures in education!
But even more thun in scientific subjects, the    manufacturers    huve fouud
runs into the view, u strange carriage
appears und rolla awny, inaktug you
wonder what its destination muy be. If
the camera Itself is moving, you hnvo
the sense of moving along yourself,
It is almost us guud us actual t uvol.
Geography, the study of strange lands
uud peoples, become- vivid und real.
Let us tako, ns au example, the eruption of u valiant). Tho geography
shows a picture of the mountain, which
is pitifully tame by comparison with
the uetuul sceno. The children read
about flowing lava; hut uo picture in
the geography can show the lava uuw-
ing, A motion picture can show it, however.
Last summer u French firm exhibited
in Ainoriea u plcturo of Mount Ktna In
The camera hud boon pine
us near to tho crnter as it wns possible
to get, and thc lava and BtOttUI were
Feon to bolch menacingly forth. Then
the camera followed thc lava Htrnaiu
down the mountuin. The film shows a
vineyard flooded hy the molten muss,
und a house burned up. Finally, the
lu vu is observed to How more sluggish-
pnrt of  ly, and nt lenglh to ha'den,
Here, in u spnee of ten minutes, the
moving picture can show to the. child,
more vividly uml correctly thun uuy
thing short of being actually tin eyewitness Ihe proeesM'S of volcanic ernp
tiou.    liere is u lesson in geography at
onco vivid, nocurato, uinl intensely in
terostlng. If such n film is nut educa*
liouiil, nml n useful wenpou for instruction in a school, we do not know the
inclining of the word cducntion. It
trains the child to learn by actual ob
Nervation, und It inevitubly holds his
In tor Oft nt tho Mime time, because it
hus been detutitist.ratod beyond u doubt
thut children hive moving pictures.
Another excellent, exnmplo of the
geographical value of moving pictures
is afforded by n film taken not long ngo
nt the Panama Canal. Thnt film shows
the sides of the canal ns the train
moves along; it shows the workmen
nnd officers at toil and at rest; it.
catches the tropic vegetation} nnd,
above all, it shows the huge shovels und
derricks und machines in actual operation. You see tho dirt fly, you watch
tho cut grow before your very eyes;
you cun sec how u grout canal is dug.
One of the favorite geographical subjects for thc normal child is mountain
climbing, especially in the Alps. A
moving picture camera hns been carried
to the top of the Matterhorn, picturing
various stnges of the ascent, tlic perilous inclines, the glacier crossings, nnd
finally the panorama from the summit.
Other peaks of the Alps have nlso been
scaled with a camera. These pictures
have a thrill which no words of teacher
or bonk can carry to the child.
Similarly, tho motion picture of the
Old Faithful   geyser   spouting, in tbe
sou fdioidd speak ontbuslastlcullv in
favor of motion pic tines, since he is ono
of the men who I.as done most to make
thom possible, Uut his words, in a recent interview given to tlio D.'Ulliatlc
Mirror, are none the less true. 'Ihey
ure well worthy of every educator's
"'Ihe motion picture," he predicted,
"will be used for teaching muny of the
elementary subjects. What child, for
example, gets u very well defined idea
of a foreign country or people merely
by reading ubout theinf A printed description is obvious.y incomplete, and
mo utul pictures are formed thut are
generally incorrect, No one visits a
Foreign Innd, no mutter how much muy
have beon rend nbout it, without a
sense uf newness aud surprise,
"For a child, reading and study uro
generally irksome. Now, if geography
wore taught by moving pictures, if foreign lands und cities wero shown, if
tlieir topography and general character-
lftlcs were displayed, if the habits and
demeanor of the people wero depicted,
and if tlieir occupations and methods of
work und recreations were Illustrated,
the child would have na clear aa idea
of everything ns if tho original scenes
wero viewed directly; and not only bo,
but the study of goog uphy would be u
tremendously interesting experience,
nnd not u hardship, ns it now likely to
bn the cuse.
Let us hope und believe that this duy
is nearer thun u grQttt muny good people suppose, Already private schools
uro installing projecting muchiuoa. A.
new public school building iu Connecticut hns a special motion picture hull
attached. And elsewhere the attention
of educators is turning seriously to this
new weapon of instruction.
Curiously enough, ine pearl divers of
Japan are women. Along Ihe coast
of tho Hay of Ago and the Bay of Ko-
kasho the thirteen and fourteen-year-
old girls, after Ihey have finished their
primary school work, go to sea and
lenrn to dive. Th.y are in the water
and learn to swim almost from babyhood and spend most of their time In
the water except In the coldest season, from the end of December to the
beginning of February. Even during
the most Inclement of seasons they
I aometlmea dive for pearls. They wear
a special dress, white underwear, and
the hair twisted up Into a hard knot.
The eyes are protected by glasses lo
prevent the entrance of water. Tubs
arc suspended from the waist. A boat
In command of a mnn la assigned to
every five or ten women divers to carry them to nnd from the fishing
grounds. When the divers arrive on
the -grounds they leap Into the water
nt once and begin to gnther oysters at
thc bottom. The oyatera are dropped
Into the tubs suspended from their
waists. When theso vcsaela nre filled
thc divers are raised to the surface
and jump Into the boats. They dive
to a depth of from five to thirty fathoms without any special apparatus
and retain their breath from one to
three minutes. Their agea vary from
thirteen to forty years and between
twenty-five and thirty-five they are
at their prime.
President Lincoln tn His Study at the White House—Posed for by a New
York Business Man
profit in historical themes. The educational value of historical pictures, of
course, depends upon the accuracy and
the screens of the regular film theatres, skill with which they aro arranged. To
with no littio success, children ond ■ the credit of thc manufacturers, let us
adults alike enjoying them and learning state at once that much of the work
from them. I hns been done with great skill, and at
A fino film has been popularly exhi-lgreat expense and pains. If, unaided
bitcd by nn American firm, showing the by the suggestions of tenchera or histor-
lifo and beneficent activities of the silk- iung) the manufacturers can turu out
worm. Being a aeries of actual photo-1 educationally valuable historical films
graphs, there is uo "nnture faking"|f0r tho regular trade, bow much more
about it. Most children in school love coum they do if they worked directly
to read about the silkworm, and to see for the schools, under oxpert super-
pictures of it.   How much more would vision!
they enjoy their stndj- if they could Two hi_torir fl, aIso b an Ameri.
see the eggs laid, see tlie worm eating I       fl fc| h h_„. ,,
his way out. shedding bis skin, nnd , 8hows episodes in the lives of
spinning his cocoon see the cocoon N » |Mn JI Wa.hington. William
burst  see the whole life of this useful, u'h .... „,      w„ , tn
insect  unfold before their eyes! ,      Napoleon, and tho scone showing
Thfl sumo American firm has a sp en- J, ;      £   rocks nt St. Ilelenn. though
did  ser.es of bird   photographs, taken   „     _„_,., mft}        t|     _,        ()f UJ
by camera, hidden lu trees close to the  w   d   ■   remarkably realistic.   Wash-
nests, and operated by elec.r.c.ly.   Thfl  . • ,     d  , . h
mother In *is  are  shown   on   the  eggs,      ~       -       -'  --.-■ '
(lying away for food, coming hack to
Stuff worms down greedy throats. All
the    Intimate    domestic    bird-life
actor. Joseph  Kilgour.
Still another film of definite blltOI
value   was   tuken   not   long  ago,  with
•might na few children, in cities, at any W»t   labor,    depicting    the siege of
■** '*.. *   i   *. I         i-   ,!...,     i.,..i i; :ii
rale, can ever observe it.
Another wonderful bird film, tnken
by two Englishmen nt great danger,
thovri the life of seii-hirda on the hue
nf a clitV. Tho picture is very exciting
na well us scientifically valuable, for it
shows the men prepnring for Ihe ties*
Alamo. As that famous building still
htnuda, it was possible to show the tic
tual scene, and to make it more vivid
for boya and girls thuu auy account
we havo yet rend in a school history.
Indeed, there are numberless histoii
cul films possessing thnt vivid, dramatic
cent at the edge of the clitT, swinging interest of net ion and movement which
off over space In their little sling-1 Cannot be secured from the pictures in
chairs, nnd descending the faco of the a hook. They nre exhibited through
precipice, the camera nccompnnyiug out thc couutry, hefore thousands nml
tl.cm on another sling-sent. If audi thousands of children; but they nre
pictures arc not truly educational, nnd not ndequntcly explained. They nre not
inevitubly bound to int ere* t tho young-' related by n wise toucher ta other sun-
-li' s, one is hard put to sny whnt II,Ijflctl and tn one another. They still
Motion plctU'fll of bird flights, indeed, ■ nwnit their proper use in tho schools,
have hud definite influence on tho development of Hying machines. They
have a technical as well ns an educational value.
A film mnde In Mnrch last, by an American firm, for commercial exhibition,
shows tho shelling of tho old battleship Texas In Cherapenke Hay. The
historic interert of this picture its value
in displaying the effects of modern projectiles Its drnnuitlc depiction of naval
warfare, its scientific interest, cannot
be denied. We cannot conceive of a
class of boys who would not dcl'ght to
watch it, In connection with their
Thfl camera, in taking this film, wns
placed on oue of the battleships that
to servo as n powerful weapon in cdu
As In scionco, nature-study, and history, still mnre in geography thc motion
picture might be n grcnt nid tb oducation, inspiring Interest nnd imparting
instruction nt tho sumo time. The eye
la the most open channel of appeal to
thc child; and the motion picture appeals to the eye with the nearest approximation to reality, because things
move, grow, shift, correcting tho perspective, giving the sense of life, imparting the added inte est of variety
nnd change.
Then. tno. thero \* alwnva something
dramatic shout a moving nlcture. Even
In a street scene, somebody passes In
Yellowstone Park, is more accurate and
vivid thnn nay word-painting or still
There are moving picture fuctoriea
all ovor the civilized world, and the
vurious firms hnve scut, or will send,
their cameras anywhere on the globe
for interesting pictures. Tbey have
gone into the Huasian wilds to follow
a bear-hunt] they have gono into the
African jungle; they have ascended
snow-clad mountains. They have made
pictures of wild beasts, of Chinese villages, far from the const, where "the
life is thc life of two thousand years
ngo; of coronation ceremonies, of aviation meets, of a my:iad of interesting
things. Thousands ol there subjects figure in the geography which onr children
study in school. They nre the most
vivid possible illustrations. To exhibit
the u in school, properly explained by
the teacher, is |o make geography more
interesting thnn it has ever been be
A plflturfl taken iii the heart of Africa shows the hiving of n railroad
truck through the jungle. The sight of
the actual encounter with the jungle,
the light with llie rank vegetation.
gives more vivid idea thnn one could
possibly get otherwise of what the
jungle moans, It nl-o shows clenily
how a rnilrond truck is laid. It makes
the uuin of In-day think how much he
Would have enjoyed that picture when
he waa n schoolboy; und wonders how
long it will he before the school children of the prosont will fee the wonders of the world illustrated by the marvelous aid of the motion camera.
'I he motion camera, indeed, can do
more thun exhibit the life of Chinese
Villages or African jungles. It cun do
more than show Arabian caravans cross
ing tho dosert, coronation processions
passing through London, or grape pick
era on the terraces of the ntiine. Just
tta thc growth of a (lower cun be rlinwu
by taking eight pictures n day, cortain
p'rysicn] change-* in the earth's surface
can be illustrated in motion pictures.
such na the movements of glaciers, the
charges in n river's bed. the action of
volcanoes—aircndy. ns we imve soen.
thc subject of n film—and so forth. AM
such pictures, of course, when shown
on n screen, p esont a trcno'idmi**. nc
ceteratinn in time, which must be care
fnllv explnlred bv the tciichcr. Never
♦ heli"**". the iin-'sib'lii'c- for real and
vivid Instruction sre Ihere.
It ia nnly natural that Thomas A, Kdi
Bhoree of Lough Neagb, when st. Bridget came crying to blm.
On being asked lho cause of her
tears nhe explained that u mutiny hud
broken out amongst the recently baptised women converts at Klldure, as
few men now cared te ash ihem In
marriage, and they, therefore, wished
to claim the right of "popping the
question" themselves.
Bt. Patrick suid he would concede
them the right every seventh year,
whereupon Bridget threw ber arms
round hla neck, uml exclaimed;
"Arrah, I'uthrlck, Jewel, 1 daurn't go
buck to the girls wtd such a proposal.
Make lt ono year In four,"
St. Patrick replied:
"Bridget, accushla, Bt,-uceze mc that
way agin, an' I'll give ye leap year, the
longest of the lot."
St, Bridget, upon this, herself proposed to St. Patrick, exclaiming thnt
It was theu leap year, and that she
would bu the flrsl lady to lake advantage of iho new dispensation. This,
however, was inure than the saint had
bargained fur; so he got over tin* dllll-
ctilty hy giving her u kiss and a silk
Needleas to say, the above legondj Is
of no historic value, but It Is to be
found, witli many variations, In the
earliest lives of the saints, thereby
proving the antiquity of the custom.
Very quaint, too, in some Instances,
are the methods adopted for giving
effect to these leap yeur proposals.
The Burmese maiden lights In her
window the "love lamp," when the boy
of her fancy pusses her father's house
at eventide of the first day of leap
year, and keeps It there night after
night until she either achieves her object or his prolonged silence shows
that he, at all events, Is unresponsive.
Then, if she Is iytlll desirous of being
wed, ahe signals her wish in similar
fashion to some other likely lad, and
so on until either her matrimonial aspirations are satisfied or leap year
comes  to an end.
In like manner the Moravian gipsy
mold takes a leap year cake and
throws It within the tent dour uf the
man she would wed.
An Andaluslun peasant girl utilizes
a pumpkin pie fur a similar purpose.
In Tarragona the dark-eyed stnortti-i
twist their powder-puffs iniu leap */«ar
pompoms for their favorite ,uwilier-.,
and if the recipient wear** it _t the
next bull-fight it is a match.
This year Is Leap Year, when the
ladles may propose to the gentlemen.
Many people regard thla as a new
As a matter of fact, It Is a very ancient custom indeed, and one, moreover, which haa upon several occasions
received legal recognition and sanction
In various parts of the world.
Thus, In Scotland, many years ago,
an Act of Parliament waa passed
which ordained that any maiden, no
matter whether of high or low degree,
ahould have thc liberty In leap year
to propose to the man of her choice,
and If he refused to marry her, then
he was to forfeit one hundred pounds,
or less, according to his rank and estate. It Is worthy of note that a woman—Queen Margaret—ruled over
Scotland when Ihls measure became
Moreover, the Act was by no means
a dead letter. Several proserullons
took place under It, and fines were frequently Indicted, und pnld. It wua
held to be a good oefenee, however, If
the accused was able to prove thnt he
was already engaged to be married at
the time of receiving the proposal.
At a Inter date similar laws were
enacted by various states on the continent of Europe, and rigidly enforced,
more especially In Genoa, where In one
yenr no fewer thnn 363 prosecutions
The early  Britons, according ta the
testimony  of  Dtodoms  Slcutns,  wen*
remarkably simple ln their diet. The
grain they cultivated in little patcltaa
wos reduced lo pasts In a mortar tn.i
funned their chief article uf fuod.
Practically the only additions tu lim
table were milk and tlesh. On groat
and solemn occasions, bowevsc aa In
times of public calamity, an unnatural
feast was celebrated. The Druids -en-
Joined the Immolation of certain victims to excite or to appease one of
their multifarious deities. *A venerable
Druid, perhaps tr*-mbling himaelf ac
the awful rites he was about Co perform, led the silent flock into the secsst
recesses of the sacred grov.a of oak-
There, at the dark hour of midni-_hc
the human ottering* waa brought furtJt
uinl adorned fur the altar. At the
falal sign the consecrated rtaggT**? a_M
plunged Into the victim's heart. Tba
body was then laid open, the *>nrruil9
examined, and the augury pronuun*c«*L
Finally the bloody butchers sat down
to their horrid feast, each one without
exception religiously pnrtakim? of rha
human sacrifice. These awful osgj_M
were celebrated with weird rites rend
the mysteries of an esoteric roHjgten
In the deep and gloomy reces_*?a of tha
primeval forest.
A certain gentleman, having recently moved Into a new district, hail _fl
yet no experience of that terrible
scourge known aa the town'- nriLaa
Consequently when, a few days before Christmas, a man called upon him
nnd Informed him that the band would
play Ma selection of carols in fn.nt of
selected houses," Mr. X. had no »&$fle-
tlon to his name heing added to the
If Mr. X. was surprised when the
band didn't turn up. he waa simply
aatounded when, on Boxing Day. hla
visitor called again "for that little
"But," protested the gentleman.
"your hand did nol play In front of
my house!"
Anci.nt Htstoiy on Modern Films.
Ni ro Sanding a Cap of Poison to Bnt*
were Instituted ng.ilnst men who hnd
declined leap year proposals mnde to
Ihem by members of the opposite sex.
Precisely how or when the curious
custom originated Is not known, but It
Is certainly fnr older than even the
Scottish Act of Parliament mentioned,
for In nn Anglo-Saxon chronicle written before the Conquest occurs the
phrase, "This year, being leap year,
the ladles propose, and, If not accepted,
rlntm a new gown."
One account, Indeed, traces Its Institution t" St. Pntrlek, who was born
In tho fourth century. The story noes
that he was walking one dny along the
It was tbe visitor's turn to be sur-
"My dear sir." ho gasped, "tf our
band had—er—troubled you. do you
ihlnk I Fhould have had the coloasnl
Impudence to rail nn yon thll morning? Your name was on the list, consequently you—er-escaped! Perhaps,
sir, being somewhat of a stranger, you
don't know nur band? Ah!"—sadly—
"In thnt case, Fir, you'll never know
what you've missed!"
The theory that misery lovoi company ncocunta for some marriages. tasks
* r i mum -i .
Spring Opening of New Goods
| The best resources of our splendid organization are at your disposal.    A trial order in any department will demonstrate our ability to serve you to profit and advantage.   We have just received our new stock.     Ladies Noithway
Tailored Suits, D k A Corsets, Fownes Kid, Silk and Lisle Gloves, Empress Shoes, Etc.
Northway    Tailored
Garments for Ladies
Aro made by successful designers
nud makers of
The  Better Sort   of   Tailored
Suits and  Dresses, Exclusively.
3100-857    A   Perfect  Tailored
Suit $30.00
The model is one of the latest
and is a stylish and becoming one
4001-2639   Sensible and Jaunty
Suit $15.00
This smart tailored suit is sensible and serviceable.
3135-2569   Tasteful and Refined
Suit $20.00
This handsome model will be
appreciated by those who wish
to have the latest and most
fashionable ideas in a Spring
Our Aim is to Please You
If you are not entirely satisfied
with any garment purchased
from us, and we will promptly
and cheerfully refund your
Fownes Kid Gloves
are the best
Fownes Gloves for women and
children, are noted for their appearance and wearing quality.
We have gone into tno matter
very carefully, and have had
the makers absolutely guarantee
tlieir glovt-s to give satisfaction,
Fownes " The London " Exlm qunl*
ity plquo Kid. in black, pair     $1.50
Fownes " The. Arcadia" Two fasten,
ors, Kid Gloves in Browns, Tans,
Black, Grey and White, pair     $1.25
Fownes "TheOtoro" Grey nnd Dark
Cream, Chamois leather, pair       95c
White Washing Kid        $1.25 pair
D & A Corsets latest
models   $1.25 to $6
per pair. They hnve been made
even more stylish and comfortable than heretofore. We stock
all sizes in the self reducing and
superb styles for slender figures.
Empress Shoes  For
Style, Comfort, atid
Stylish Shoes and Slippers.
You should sir our spring styles
in our new shoe department.
Fashion Favored Empress Shoe
Made of genuine Patent Colt
skin with Goodyear sewn soles,
Note the graceful body
lines, and shapely toe. This
shoe can bo worn with distinction and connort on any occasion.
Sizes 2 1-2 to 6. D width, black
only, per pair       - $4.00
Refinement and Good Taste in
the Empress Slippers.
One, two and three strap.     Be
sure and see them.
$1.50 to $3.00 pcr pair
School Shoes That  Wear  For
Boys and  Girls
and prices that pleaso  the parents.     See our range  Ahrens
make,   Canada's  School   Shoe
Tooke Brand Shirts
are the leaders
Men's Extra Fine Quality Negligee Shirts
Cont style, small eulTs, attached,
mado large, and specially well
finished. A good selection of
all the newest Spring Patterns
and colors.    Sizes 11  1-2 to 17.
$1.50 Each.
Men's Negligee Shirts at $1.00
They are made from  line shirting material, all good  washing
colors, large roomy bodies, good
variety, all shades.
Sizes 14 1-2 to 17.   S1.00
H B K Brand  and  Big Horn
Brand Working Shirts.
We are agents for these two
Brands. We challenge competition on these shirts. Prices
range from 85c to $2.50. None
better in Canada at the  price.
Groceries at Saving
Friday and Saturday
Delicious Juicy Navel  Oranges
See t(ie window display.
20c per doz.       $2.75 per box.
Make   your  marmalade    now.
Price is the lowest.
Tomato Catsup in 2 lh tins 2 for
25c. Quality guaranteed. Quail-
tily equals 3—25c bottles.
Asparagus 35c large tins.    Sale
price 25c.
National   Biscuit   (Vs.   Sodas.
Regular 35c tins.    Sale price 'lllc
Fresh supply llaida Chocolates
in hulk lllc per lb.
Mixed Candy 1/ic 2 lb 25c
Kippered Herrings        2 Ih 25c
Smoked Halibut 3 lb 50c
Cod Fish 2 Ih blocks 30c
Pickles     25e and 35c ber bottle
Gold Seal Condensed Milk, two
tins 25c.
£ Sterling Brand  Pure Ceylon
Tea 40c Ih
£ Sterling Brand Pure Java and
Mocha Coffee 45c Ih.
We want your trade.      Satisfaction Guaranteed.
1   1
Fresh   EGGS
Top Price Paid
Ashwells Departmental Store
Empress Shoes
U 13.00, .*3..'.0. $4 00
None better at the price
Church News
Tailoring for  Ladies and
Satisfaction Guaranteed
Optical Department
; Our Optical Parlor is now open, under the charge of a
sight Specialist,     All work guaranteed.     If you have
eye '.rouble see our specialist at once.
Engraving of all kinds done on the premises.    All
goods purchased engraved FREE.
Watch and Jewelry repairing of all kinds and all work
We can assure prompt execution of all work left in our
Young Street, ChilliwacK
Second door from Empress hotel, Cliilliwnck.
Next Sunday morning the Uev.
C. H. Hueslis M. A., Western
Secretary of the Lord's Day Alliance
of Canada, will preach in the
Methodist church. Mr. Huestis is
a forceful speaker and is visiting
chilliwack in thc interests of the
work he represents. He will preach
in Cook's Prcshyterian church in
thc evening, and will doubtless attract large congregations.
Service will be held in St. Mary's
Catholic church on morning next at
Sunday last waa a day of
special interest to the people
or St. Thomas church. At thc
morning service, Mr Scarles,
recently appointed Incumbent at
Rosedale, was ordained as a Deacon,
by Bishop de I'encicr of Westminster. The service was participated in by Archdeacon Pen-
trcath of Vancouver, Rev. C. B.
Clark, of Sardis, and Canon Hinehliffe of Ht. Thomas church. Thc
Ordination sermon by the Bishop
was n treat. Taking the text "Now
concerning spiritual gifts 1 would
not have you ignorant," thc Bishop
gave a clear exposition of Church of
England rule of faith, the Churcli,
and the Ministry, what they are,
an.l mean*tind wherein they differed from the Roman church aud thc
separated non-Roman churches.
There were differences and those
should be recognised, but with
charity. Thc characteristic of this
generation was a question mark,
and this desire for investigation was
leading to Clod, tor without religion
there is nothing to give satisfaction.
He pointed out that thc greatest
force of thc Anglo-Saxon race is her
religion, and cinpliiMtzed the necessity for teaching, study, and
practice in individual life, and the
making of Christlnl).teaching evident
in our Law Courts, Legislatures,
municipal Ixxlios, thus to permeate
all the activities of lifo. Thc
Bishop expressed himself as bt-ing
delighted with the action of Ihe
local authorities in prohibiting
Sunday shooting.   In speaking of
the candidate Mr. Searles, he commended him to the love and support'of the peopc of the valley.
He had been dediented in Baptism,
consecrated in Confirmation, and
in Ordination set apart as a spiritual gift (or man ) in the work of
the church. The beautiful Ordination service, was followed by
the celebration of Holy Communion.
In the evening Archdeacon Pontreath gave a much appreciated
discourse, to a large congregation.
Tho Ordination service was the
first ever held in St. Thomas church.
The Methodist Ladies Aid will
give a social for the congregation at
the K. of P hall on Tuesday,
March 12 at eight p. in. Members
and friends will l»- cordially welcomed.
Dr. Anna Henry of Chentu,
China, is viM'ing at the home of
her cousin Mr. B. A. Irwin. Dr
Henry was a medical Missionary at
Chentu nnd during the present
revolution was actively engaged in
the work of tho Red Cross Society.
The Spring Wall
Papers Have Come
We have just opened up the most beautiful line of
Wall Papers we have ever carried.
To look nt them you would think tbem high priced
papers, but when you come to price tbem you'll find
them remarkably low.
We can sell wall papers right because we buy right.
We handle the goods of only the best maker and charge
only a reasonable profit. Such beautiful papers and
such values will surely induce you to decorate several
rooms this Spring.
Come and see them.    Look for our window display.
The Valley Paint and Wall Paper House
i ♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*«•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Easter Chicks
Easter Rabbits
Easter Dyes
A large assortment
of Easter Novelties
for the children
Easter Cards and
Easter Chocolates
and perfumes
Call Early
Druggist and Stationer
AS a stMiiicl to ii dispute lietween Carl Johnston and a Mr.
Chanilierlain over mi account of
room rent, both appeared liefore
Magistrate McOilllvary on Tuc.-.lny.
Johnston was assessed,. 1-7,fri iind
costs. A case of alleged supplying
of Isooze to un Indian was up for
hearing, but thc incused was dismissed.


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