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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1926-03-04

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 The Cahadian
Special Article^*a.
Under Britain  *.. *
|rd>«orth sa Casslus .. 1
i Week In Ottawa 1
Jarno t Alx-la-Chapelle 3
Rpany Union* ln U.S. .. t
abor advocate
With Which Is Incorporated f HE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
nth Year, No. 9.
VANCOUVER, B. C, THUBBDAY, MARCH 4th, 1926
1—J !$
The Week's News
Kicking lbe Jobless ........ li
Alts. Teachers Lose Strike li
Trotsky on America ........ t [
Anthracite QirW Strike .... 4"
Banker Lands Capitalism .. 11
*-.—„„-■  *■'■■ '■■„. tri
Six Pages
ScACOp!"
irlciira the Jobless TEACHERS LOSE SAW MILL MEN  l-Jj^ Und*- togh_l
icKing tne JODiess STRIKEIN mL f ALK 0FF J0B inaia unaer onm
|ary^On?mployed Protest Against Filthy
Housing Conditions
fJARY,   Alta.: — That   they Salvation Army,
nployed at clearing land tor A delegation from the married un-
Indivlduals while in Jail le employed informed the Council that
Irge made hy the unemployed it thelr BCale o( relief Was not i„.
Labor Trustees Are
Defeated
(fompany Seeks More Horrible  Atrocities  Inflicted  Upon
Production
Peasants
(By an Indian) British government «n«
Speeding up efforts In order to    iLTH0UOH the BriUsh Govern- rides roughshod over the
BLAIRMORE, Alta.-The Labor  par dividends on watered stock had   Ament is bound by treaty oblige- life and liberty..   In Hay
hating element in this town have  Itif re-echo here, on'Monday morn-  ,,_„. t0 ... t])_t th_ ^ 0_d6_ed „,, „„,,„,„,,,„
„. __.__ _, v.„ —"■■■•"'■•»   ir tneir scaie or renei was not in.  been 8uccesBful in thefr efforts t0  lrfe ,a8t   when ae macWne men  „„„_, qt„t__ nf .XT.   'XT'""    ,„„,_, ,„     '*TmrJL
from   Calgary who were  crea8ed ,mmedlatciy   their   homes , th_ recoanitton o( the A1.  JL .,'     men emnloved at the e St    8 °'Indla UndW "8 pr0'     Ct,d      ml*« re*»"twl
Port Saskatchewan   pen.-  would not „, home8 ..but under. ^t ' I w ?n 1"   L it.   -t_Z\ZL^TllZ tectlon are iustly_ governed, It has  the redress of * their I.
berta Teachers' Alliance, by carry- Vancouver Lumber Co's. sawmill on
so far Ignobly failed In this duty,  te shot and their housei ttt
tor. ordering meals In rest- tak|ng parlor8.. 0ne of the spokes- ,                   insidious    propaganda False Creek, walked out ln protest il."^?."."* M«"<™_r VS. 17.'.' _™" mX~~.'tiiY-' »„. ™i. «.
when they had no money to t , „ that he was a marrled B                           of two school aKainst the act'on of the superin- The   Ind"m    Natlo,lal    ConSres8' d0'™'   Afterward, he not only »-
the food.   TheBe men were _„. _1Hl twn   chlldren and that agalnst We elcctlon 0I ™° BLn001 a«?f8t the acton oi tne superin w]]._h ,_ (he m0Bt ._.         tat, ,ased t0 allow an lmp(lrttol mvS„
■      _     t.      ._„ ,„_,.„. man wltn            cnuaren ana wu trusteeB who  ran  on  a ticket  in tendeut in firing the saw mill and ..   ,„ „_„„„ ,.         "_ ., ,_,„,.,_ ,„ v. ,,„,., ,-,„ «,'    .......u. —_
released when the matter „         t        ,„ „e bad re. recognition nlinlng foremen because they were b0"y t0 e8P0UBC tl>e °aU8e 0l IndlaS t0 "e heId lBt0 ** at"f°c,U,w **
;en up. in Ottawa. cc|ved%,0 for „„„ work a„d $2.50 ^°7epZbe"the  Blairmore Jtita the cwtM  enough ,reed0m' al8° f°1,0W8 the P°"Cy °' BOt the ,eade""* the »"*** *
their release they were not ,„_*,,„  „„d out of thts am- v   . _   _V    _   ■ „ .t   .   T    . ?     .    L   ,   .       7 ,tX inactlon   ---*8--«linB   lhe   one-third be   arrested   and   iummwily  m-
, _   _, ,          _.. „ _„_t for Sfoceries, ana out oi wis am- h   , boafd rcduced tll9 teachers' td BUlt the desires of the company.    , . H1      .. .   .    _„„„,.„ „_. . ,„„„ . ,„ „„_.,„„. ,..^. ',lki_j
1 to Calgary, but were sent h    .   . h , .    _av ju »or ,         ,„.       ,.            ,,      .   . , or India which is smarting under tenced to monBtroua terms ot nun
.               .          .,      ,, . ount ho naa  naa to pay »j.»  iui salary.    When  the   question   flrst The mill has been cutting at the .     „„_„         ,      ,          T ,        «...    ...__„
ionton, and recently returned „   .   . h      .nmnelled to do .,      „,,,,„ _,,     . ._>_,_,_,_,_,   ,     _,   «   .     . the  Personal   rule  of  the  Indian labor from  five to twenty' ytart.
„.            ^       ,u     __.,_ ri,nt-    He had been compeueu 10 uu t]      Teachers'   Alliance rdte of 6,000,000   boardl   feet per      .             ,    , ,       . _ :.       „..«—_.lif'£__.
Calgary, where they have _.,k„„, .,.„,.,„ 11.1,1 and the city ...         . ..    r.     _,     _ _■ ■_      _, _ ,     ,, .,       „,     „ princes, out of fear least the the When once these unfortunate Wa
.     a      ,, . L. _»„ without electric lignt ana we uu ked t0 meet the Board and dia. nl0„th   whic*j i8 an the mill can „,„.. _„„„_„_.__, _k„„, - ...     _        „,„„„._ ,„ ,.,, ,k„ „„ _•.
een refused  relief by city waB threatenlng tocut oft the water eUss the matter, but this the Board possibly do, experienced saw mill fj" l^olT„ '   " ? d   T'< Ml             --S SS
l6\       .            ,     _ who *™*-< *° hl8 home " he d'd BOt "«M- '" °°. »" tft. teachers went workers state; lut the company Is "„ »™e.   0;  '^  Na"ve ect8d ,t0 .t^ffJ^S^St
;egation ot unemployed wl0 lmmed|ately pay ,„„ „ he was In ou 6trlke.    gtrlketreakin? teachers Intent   upon   improving   t h e u ,    a*a.ns   ,he C"»^^'   Th8 °rced   ° ^^Wemenf atao
visited the   City Council . „  ,           ,h. ""     ';   _       . _.       ,             ., .       * .    ..-•*       .,  ,      , result Is that seventy millions of the Native ruler and W» hlre!l«|i
n,«t thp nlaces they were arrGar8'    He 8tat6d that were 1,lre(1' an,i have bec" on the a,nount'  mi  t0  turt,lor  that  e°d ~nni« „.  .„#„i.„ _,.„„,  ...... ,.™ „,. .k..... ., .._.._•.„. Z__
1      1   wn   infeBted with clothe8 ln whloh he had come Jol) «ver since, but the old teachers they recently hired an efficiency ex-
S dePn,n»     8 f   ilitles for mcelln**: waa hm'roweu as llc  "acl remained here, and were paid strike pe'rt, to whom they gave thc dlgnl-
1". li!l_"ti,omC with tho none °' nis ow" and <lld "0t lmVe Viy by their organization. fled title of "prodiiciion manager."
tho mean? to purchase new attire. This year when the elec'.Ion of The foremen had been asked on
From   the   foregoing  it   will   he tw0 members to the school board several occasions to increase their
t. was given them, with tho
(that they were unable to
llpan.     Thero aro bathrooms
Institution where they are acted tMt
,  but these  are  kept pad
and no one is allowed to
en 'n the ^'prosperous
-lets prosperity lr*3
pt1. !n suite 0! the r*YO-
farminp   ''I
not yet arri
xcep"tthVpay 25 cents.  One  Paganda helns "riled on In
Tostels is tLt kept hy the  rope hy Immigration agents.
'he Truth About Russia
took place, two men offered them- output, and had informed the man-
selves for election on a clear cut agement that It could not be done,
policy of recognition of the Alii- The real explanation of this In-
auce, Immediately tho Labor cltlent lies in the fact that this com-
bnlters got busy, and went from piny recently floated a torn! issue
door to door telling the electora of $1,000,000, which is considerably
that lf these two men were elected move than the value of the plant,
their taxes would be Increased by and In some manner production'had
$10 yearly. The result is that these its be increased In order to pay in-
t\Vo men were defeated, and two terest on this amount, as well as
men opposed to the Alliance elected, dividends to the shareholders.
people are  suffering cruel  tyran. from all chargeB of atrocious eosr
nies   under   seven   hundred   little duct.    Out ot the  tour  prisoners
Czars backed up by the British Ern- who refused to submit to then tofr
plre.   The following accounts will tares two were poisoned end don*
provide glimpses Into the conditions to death.   The four leaden ot tt*
obtaining  in  most of  the  Indian peasants who managed to escape Mv
states:— rest have been deprived ot thelif
Alnar moveable and Immovable property".
Alwar Is a  small  state In the The  British  government was ap-
province of Haiputana.   Its Native prcaced several times ty th« ag***
ruler  Is  a  great  favorite. of the (Continued on Page 8),        -
The Week in Ottawa
Then the Tcheka got busy.   The
Black    Hundreds    nnd    numerous
By DH. Yf. J. CUBBY
l.tor 8 of the British Trade..1 	
n"Je*".-■■_*. - T--. ■---V  """—■■Ml. Allied airiftw m..*%Jtl/., 7 ,1 f*** e
fe^p—e*.^sr?^r£5rir(Mwfea^Ar as Lasstus
ers' Republic. quered   by   the   Red   Terror,   and '
Cegins  as  follows I-"One  Ot   through tKs method the flood of In- .	
k    acts of the October revolu- va.lon was met and swept back-, Another Politician Suffers from atl Attack Of Ra«»ay said:
s to establish a Judicial sys- and only through this force ot arms „.,.LJ  The   hon,   gentleman   laid   very
By J. S. Woodsworth, M.P.        develop these natural resources an4
The debate, though dreary, affords  Eend tl,c »rod',ct8 out <* **-* <***:
many, sidelights on the* political and   try   »'nero- th6-'-..HS^e3teSi_!a;
social   conditions   of  thc   country,
Mr. Robb in replying to Sir Henry
way of oil and motor power in CM-;
rylng on the industries of other
Drayton with regard to tho Rouyn  cm,ntrles*
* a decree of November 24th, has Soviet Russia held power.
/This decree abolished all ex. With the defeat of the counter-
I  Judiciary.    The  motive   for revolution came the new economic
s the general conviction, Jus- policy,   and   the  abolition   of  the
r experience, that thc Czarist Tcheka.    The  Judiciary  now  con-
Lry were hut Instruments of slsts  of  the  People's  Courts,  tin?
Nightmare
much stress this afternoon and
again this evening upon his allegation that this was a dummy com-
A country witk
the most marvelous natural resources In the world, giving itself
up to the damnable policy of ex.'
porting Its natural resources to
other countries leaving Its people
Mr. G. R. Qeary (South Toronto) lhat was taken ty the hon. gentle*   	
—"The person who is watching theso man.   I can see him walk up to tho  pany.   1 am sure he was not seri. at Il°me Ule """t Impoverished 01J
proceedings   can   sympathize   very door of the Prime Minister's Banc-  ou8 jn u,em.   As a lawyer, he haa le N°rth or 8outn American con*;
largely with the government because turn, I can see him ushered in, and I  organized a good many companies; llnent*'                                            *
after all lt is in a difficulty posl. can hear the Prime Minister say to  he knows that the names avo never Agiin,   we* would   ftsk,  whether
tlon.   I can Imagine the leader of him, "What can we do for you to- g|ven who are  really behind the Mr. Cahan Is right In attributing
the government saying, "It Is very flay?"    His visitor answers, "What  concern.    .    .    .    Tlie  names  of the low standards of living in Mex-
nlee this being lu power, very pie is- I want is a reply to thnt little let- derlts nnd stenographers In an of- 'co  lo  the   lack   of a   tariff,   or
ant and very profitable and we like lev which you promised me so long  -jCe are used so that the public will whether the exploitation of United.
sitting here.   But, dear 1110, we have age anil which has not bcen forth-  *10t know who are behind the con- States and other foreign capitalist
to do a great deal; we have so many coming.    We  are  getting just  on  ce**n," is not the major cause?
people to placate, so many arrange- the eve of another vote, nnd I must     Later ou, Mr. Robb said of Sir The   curious   thing   about   the
ments must be made from timo to have  that  letter."    This  was  on  Henry Drayton:—"He tried to ere. committee   Investigating   the   cn«-
Ilso""the"r"eHglois and moral fa'al'mbit' anTai£K£iwito  ""'f' ttat " '" en°Ugh t0 try ",e JanU .,? 2S; , The ft™ /f'l'n.   "" '"e lrapre89!°n 'hat tn8 c0"; toras 8can,lal '» that " '" "P"' «■«
*                                                                                                             patience of any man.    There are says, "Just take a chair and we will  tract was let at a  time when it two sections, the one forming what
my  allies,  the  Progressives,   who attend  to thnt right away."      So  would be of good value as a cam- is virtually the prosecution, and the
Jrevlous ruling class. Provincial Court, nnd the Supreme
Ihould be obvious that thc mn- Court; but ther.. is a great differ;
ly for making and enforcing ence between our courts and tho30
(together    with    the    whole 0f the Workers' Republic.
Structure of any Boclal system, .'   "The delegates spent considerable
out  of  the  economic  re- time hearing the cases In the Peo-
nentB of the dominant class, pie's Courts. Instead of the Impres.
|iis Includes not only the pow- s*vc staging, and the display ot dlg-
state, the army, police, etc., „|ty 0f our judicial procedure, there
tits  which  develop  from  the  and absence of solemnity and cere-
interests   of   the   ruling m0ny.    The   red  turtans  of  the                                                                         .,,,.,                    ,                ,   ,          , - * —-
woman Judges ls the only note ot  are s*-owin*-S 8|Sns of Independence. It Is attended to, and I can see the pa|g„ (llnd for one of tho parties, other  the  defence.    Mr. Kennedy,
 ... .„„,„„,„    .,,.,„ „„„ „„  I don't believe I can trust their Prime Minister ushering the hon. now he has had some experience the one progressive member, is In'
leaders; I don't believe those lead- gentleman out of the room  while with the running of elections, and reality the only one who Is In tbe
lion
and   Engels   worked   ont
theory in thoir  scientific ln- police and no ushers; two soldiers .„*,,,,,      1, ,,.. ,,,,*.,. ,
In known as the "Materialist  of the Hed Arny are in charge of  ers can contro1 a"  the PfB-*0"8- "c says, "Well, will that be all foi   1 would ask him of whnt use Is a  position of an Impartial Judge. HU
1 ' Ives, tor a bit of that sturdy hide- you today?   Shall I send it or will campaign fund of this eort where  power Is great,'but so Is Ua re."
pendence  declared   In   this   House you take it with you?"   The door the  work  done—which   I   suppose  sponslblllty.
seems to be manifesting itself just once shut and the Prime Minister wlll consist of getting out tho ties     The  evidence   showa   that:   "a*
now.   They Insist on running the left  alone,  his countenance  takes  and  clearing the   roadway—repre-  onr|y a8 the jth Auguat   1924, a
whole show.   That Is one of my on nnother cast, and I can Imagine 8cnt8 a total amount paid out up B|rong deputation representing the
troubles.   And looking further down him saying to himself: to January 31, 1026, of only a little manufacturers waited upon the gov-
the chamber I aee the hon. member "Vond' Casslus has a lean and hun- over $120,000." ernment with regard to the smug-
for Winnipeg  North   (Mr. Woods- grylook; Sir    Henry    interjected:—"That  gling evil. They charged that leglt-
worth).    There ls an active, live He thinks too much; such men are ccl*talnly would not add very much imate business was being seriously
person, a man who wants to get        dangerous." (0  my hon.  friend's  fund,  but I an<l injuriously affected by tbe no
things done. But the letter ls there, the letter would ask hlm a question In reply, erntion of this Illegitimate trade,
"Bright and early on the morning with thn five Items set out ln de-  why waB thero any necessity tor and that ln some branchei ot the
of the first day he sat down and tail.   I cannot give them all to the  *,..rimg|ng [or $2,000,000 of cash?" industry honeBt traders were acta***
Jrorkers In Russia was the es.     There are n0 Pu"'cllasable  law"  wrote two letters, one to the right House, but one Is an amendment     Mr_ Cahan |n referring to social ally being driven Into bankruptcy
Ihment of a uniform system of *"*' ■""• Judges; and human rights  hon. leader of the opposition (Mr. to the Criminal Code.    The  hon. conditions  said:-"In  tho  City of owing to operations of smuggler*
Courts,  based  on demo-   I'atner tnan I"""!"-''-? r-8htl- Is of  Meighen)   and  one  to  the  Prims gentleman has the letter.   On the Montreal there ls destitution today throughout Canada."
i elections, but it was soon re-  nrst i*nP<"'tancc* Minister, asking for certain com- 29th, the vote is about to be taken.  the like ot whicli we did not know     Attention was drawn to the be-
 that these were Incapable      "As    to    Impartiality   of   these  missions.   He got, direct and forth- He rises in his place, and to make   w|lel. We had a stable tariff and  nc( t|)at ,arge quantities of prison.
nductlng the class war, and   Courts, there is a general agree,  right by return mail, a square and assurance doubly  sure places the  s(able conditions In our Industrial  made   garments   from  the  United*,
(e Military Tribune developed  ment that they favor the workers fair answer from the leader of the letter on Hansard, and when the utc.   There, people are out of em. gtateB   Were   be|ng   dumped   Into
le purpose ot meting out sum- as against the well-to-do class, and  opposition.   He got no letter from timo comes he votes "like a littlo ployment by the hundreds. Women *callada.      Representations    were
[•Justice to the enemies of the  this Is defended on the plea that  the Prime Minister.    Well, some- man."   No wonder the hon. gentle-  and  children  are  under-nurtured. made   that   u,e   entire   Winnipeg
elsewhero it Is otherwise." thing had to be done.    The first man took hiB seat with a smile of Those who were born and brought |nd„gt|fy 0f overalls and working
*ption of History," which Lenln tho prisoners."
' s colleagues demonstrated in     Anc)ent precedents, such as our
Ing  the  old   Btate  with  the !awJrer8 .,.. __ {ond _f resurrecting,
rs' Republic. are not |„ evidence In the Workers'
Communism In Russia was Com^ s|nce no -_occ(,m._ tor theg.
tary expedient, such aa con- _x,_t   K ,s (. e „p|_s. T[me )n H|s_
of man power was a war to_y„ _,. , Repo],. sgyB. „_,.e caae8
re  adopted  by  tho  "Mother are nQ. ]egal ls8_eg| b_t thc .^^
llamenta" In thnt great con- of the worklng cla83 Judgeg ,8 to
,r "Democracy ond the Right ar_lTe  _f  _n hone_t _nd  ,mm_ne
all Natlona," which began in ap_r(,c.-t|on  of tha circumstances
1 ... of each case."
Ilrst Idea of the revolutlon-
.__
\1
litlon.
"The crimes common In the West- ™te "as coming on and he called  satisfied accomplishment.
I  wish
up
in   fairly comfortable  circum- cloth manufacturers was seriously
k Anstey, M.P., ln his "Red
,'," shows how the disciples orn'conrtr'drankeness'anTcrime. upon the Prime Minister; and what, he were here because I would ask  8tanCea and because expert work. menaccd by t"he Mhii"^"^^
,mocracy treated the men of agalnst  llldlvlduals  are  consplcn- eT61' tna reBUlt of that ""»"»«■* 1"™ « ha femembers a certain pic- „,en are too poor today to sustain 0( bm.der manufacturer, who ap-
1 who had saved them from 0„B „    thelr ab8enC(.   t,le„.    la_. was it was satisfactory for the pur- ture that appears before me at the  the nfo of thcir children but too paPently 8elI th|Blr produot, at ,ea8t
by the "horrible Hun." This be|ng taken by what we consider voae< iot !t enabIed hlm t0 ca8t hia raoment-tne Dlctur<! of 8 pleasel1- "'«*<*• to beg, and a generation of 20 per cent be,ow IegttlmBte ,„.-.
ms the "Allied Plot Against derellctions of social duties." vot8 a*8 was  deslred'    But thero looklnE cat wlth a Breat grln,fr0m chlldren   are   growlng   up   un(le," tatlons.   If this situation was pot
Wiet Oovernment"; and ahows was a second vote coming and still ear to ear, licking Its lips and sup- nurtured.   .   .   .'' remedied at once It-was said that
the agents  of "our"  empire Tnla    demonstrates    again    the t„e letter had not come, and In ray posed to be saying, "I have eaten     Sucb   conditions   are   appalling the entire Winnipeg industry Son.
f'Arson, bombs, and assassin- Marxian law of social development, mind*8 eye I can see the course thc canary."                                     whether or not Mr. Cahan has dls- slating of nine factories and*, em-'
' for this purpose. a"« lentolfehes the   Divine basis   cove_ed ,he rea, cau_e p]oylng from m ._ m ^^
{side Russia the bombing of ana Permanency of morals. bas|_ of Ilroperty )8 80clal owner_ tlnuc8 t0 end„re, and will do so     Aga|n atter describing the won- threatened with extinction.   ,       -
the murder after murder In all capitalistic states the ma- ship, and so treason to the public until class antagonisms and Indi. derfui  resources   of   Mexico,   Mr. Subsequently there  was formed'
ivlet delegates, culminating lp Jorlty of offenses are thoBe against Interest means violation of social vlduals merge Into administration of Cahan said:—"Still, with all these the commercial protectlv   tattsnl
Iiurder of Soviet Minister Urit- individuals, and especially those of -duties, and is an Injury to all. This social  duties, and  until  the  new. resources, year after year, the peon tlon    compoied"'ot'~»> number   M
Land the attempted assasslna- violating the rights of private prop, is why a dictatorship of workers, social order, represents a free and and the Indian ot Mexico toll for Canadian Boardl of Tntde and .im.
fot Lenln, took plaee."           -erty.    In the Soviet Republic the safeguarding their interests, con. united humanity.                '   '■ "     fifty cents of our'money today to (Continued on Pkge «) Page Two
1
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
OPEN FORUM
Address  All Letters   and
Remittances to the Editor
The
Weekly Pageant
Thursday, March 4t_ftJ
REVIEWl
m—**-
the Canadian tabor
81. Holden BullfllnK, ie Hunting* 81. —. Vancouver, B.C.
fl.00.SIX MONTH
12.00   PER   YinA
Phoae, Se). lis.
Result of the "Ignorizing" Process
AN EXAMPLE of how the misleading propaganda con tilled
■r^" fn the dally press, and the lack of an understanding of the
elementary principles of Marxian economics enables the ruling
class of today to hold the workers ih subjection, and to make
If ' WMx, :M?mm.....%*•.
(By Wlnnlfred Horrablnj
CRIME INCREASE hi tlie Unitod
r . . ...!______  _________________________________________________■  "*     ""      '""lUEIllll     lUULIll
t-.^?%?a%a\t-?-- them literally ^*'^iSS brthe news Q™ * tl,6.,L? ^l!T- "'"St; " T^"
h_ Mimes the preachers for dealing item appearing oh the front page of this paper telling how the       °    OM
with dilettante i_n_'pr_ ana *iUa*.   —*l_* ....        . *   •    —        -   --
"I watched a wonderful machine  ""
portant detail, and yet a kill
of the rudiments of economic!
a worker's PQipt of view ',
able us to see the swlndld
statistics brought forward
does    It   work?'' we
to be the
.     -  „,.„__.,__..* .« xi„u. yoise ui .uus paper teiimg now the /°f b°S8 ,C'"B .BT°™™<*°  *■
„.,..,,    ,        ., .    „ .      .        . ,•■*.„       f !       *_!_'■     *       .   .. .. i the idea (gently fostered and care-
wWidilettante matters and .Uow. anti-union element in Drumheller, Alta., succeeded in repudi- (ull   mtturei) that economics is
l^*Vee2pS "e^of S taw ating ^ T?8(ih'erS' A1Ua-nCe' and breakin« theil" Strike' *°™™*-° ">a- «» a-Wts of the
Head "Thou  shilt not sow  md        ••jast -fa" ^e school teachers in Drumheller very properly "pertest kind can understand.
another reap") or "Consider the 111. refused to accept a reduction in wages arbitrarily ordered by     The mere  man   (let alone the
Iks of the field, how tkey grow, yet *n--—*-—' -i-.—■-— -» ■■      ■
.tkey toll no^ neither do they spin."
.......... *,.**, , .  , _      ,, ._ ■• *s/s/ttss* uirougn tne axiB of the makes that last
—  * ™**v  —— * - ■*"*■"*■•« u'cxcattsu uy lery   of  long words   all the gun-
J «______.  01  BdWS  *  ta„ded «» **»"**■ f *"• Who desire Cheap education for powder    of    windy 'phrases    are ZfTaaTaVoa^ZS^  SUTST-AW-I
workers children, just as they desire low wages for those they brought out and only the hardiest h_, „_.. , .  __^ ....... "**
"And how
asked.   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
"Well," wtas the reply, "by means -_ „.
of a pedal attachment, a fulcrumed Power thnt their
lever converts a vertical reclpro. odd 6s. is got
eating motion into a circular move- om*-
ment.     The principal part of the Mark Starr in
"From a. worker's point
---that's the rub. Don't 1
peot that when our
us 5b. for 10s. wortly
lanatloiil
■_■_ nf t__ Hold ____*___.   __    _T_ ,.        7 ,"., «----r*——•-«•.. "**s<__ .uuiuanij uraerea Dy      '"on mere   man    (let   alone the „,„„."    _"~ ™»-it- —- .
-lies of the field, how tkey grow, yet the school trustees of that town.   After a strike lasting some raare womal" *"» •***" aPP™ach ™!'',  ™e p™m "« °< "»>     Mark starr m this   litth
six mohths, during which time they have been supported bv ,hi8 8Ubject ls wam" off' a11 tlle voivlsL . l!,.ge,   ,    tha-   ^ the p,,rchas"1s <* which i«
™..u" ,  l,_ * tlCS °f th?S6 Wh0 d8HrB cheaP education for powder   of   windy    phrases    are  "'"V" work ,s dona « * »•»- Ia "«a Introduction he wrtt
lOHN KELSON advocates tke co.
ortt hy the dally press.   The gentle.
That fact alone
would Uk well advised from employ.       « «   i°nillcant
kis own potat *1 view to leave It        \Vh*8n two men entered the contest for school trustees on   " " "* Ca,apltali8m l8 at palll8 to
«g^ttSU°^HtrtkUgM the definite platform 0f rec°8nition of the Teachers' Alliance plli up *Lmee you can bet yonr
dl«!l-_e <t_   numerous   contradlc the same "°PeB shoP"   anti-labor   brigade   who   war  on th*2 bottom dollar that It has something __ v   __      -_.,„*Ji,*.ea «
dons observable to those who hnve miners when they strike against a wage reduction, got busy to hide.    This time It has the very  Bc|ence built up, and the wonderful  loan voles against
a goM memory and a quick mind, canvassing the residents of the town, telling the workers that root 8ecret ot al,—tlle stark ,act truth underlying the dismal science out of the country.'
Flnt tktag Jota knows he will be their taxes would be increased if the teachers' wages were in- °'tne rf'\ery„ VX^TJ^Z is """ tne workers ar'e robbed'        "0n tne other iland'
burning his fingers. A hence the long words, the involved     m^l- a*«— ».-■- ■'---
__   —"»'-iio   --uiiiuurinei
may be reduced wages, money,   prices   ina
Zl ?*?■" , Capital' and tto «"«-' tti
What   ls   this   wonderful ma- Ject-matters ot economics
chine?" we asked. person lost In the darkne1
A grindstone." was   the   reply, moor  where   bogs  abouhdj
In such a way was the "dismal'' elector confronted with the]
science built up, and the wonderful loan voles against 'sendlnj
-.-_.—   .....   ...-.., ....._ M,e wa,  *_ut,  ui   tne   Dowels  ot the   explanations —.-,-,—.
— ...v wi,,_, iiuno, cle
hence the long words, the Involved     ji*,,^ gtarr has done a great ser-  ing makes for efficiency
 ^^^^^^^^ argument,   the   dismal   wandering vice to the workers by simplifying ing-class organisation.   TH
LOBD  R1IRNHA_I   smnrests   Hint Had these men, who dig coal  out of the  bowels  of the   explanations. economics so that all cat. get an  er, freed from fallacies
,     .      ?w .    „    .v   » »i.._ _,_!,__ ,          sion, will be able to forsel
*•"    •-"•••-""-       ~"* Instead of being at their "
"He can obtain a clear (
his social position and undL
how the factors of produ]
land, labor, and tools—haiT
separated with deadly resu
his class. And what Is m.
portant in economics, the
can examine a system whicq
being forced to reconstruct, i
toll die British people tbe troth
Miy abont conditions In the conn
try they come from.   Of course
Bhrnham expects no oKo to heed ,    **.*.... ...... ••< uu cumounage
Mm as ftat would result In no Im-  " ">■••"■ '"*""' "" ieu " ll ls eoxng t0 "° "arct  ls consciously done to bamboo2le
•fcran;* I» 'act he wonld not ne- work; if tlniy had had any knowledge of these simple facts  the workers.   Perhaps not, but the
e»|_l the advice himself, because n they certainly would have had no nhipcHn-n t„ tw- *...-i.—
f_W   nt'.,.--.   —*   **■*-        " *'
the rate of wages is estimated on a fodder basis, that it has no one   g
relation to the value of what they produce, and that if they are
to continue working efficiently they must be paid sufficient to ""." ""a »-""e»1'™ mm? •""'
,.             .    ,           ,                  . ,     .  , .„ .. .        .       .     ,    ,      , can't mean that all this camouflage
live on. just as a horse must be fed if it is going to do hard ,   consC|OUSlv dnno ,„ h.„w.i-
__      ^     «_.»c    tu    uauiuuUifiie
__. ...  » .._.„«. ..«..., tt   hicj imu naa any Knowledge Of these simple facts the workers.   Perhaps not, but the
«*t the advice himself, because a they certainly would have had no objection to the teachers main fact that concerns us is that
ttw months age *; was "spouting" being paid a iiving wage but i£nowjng nothing of economics, " fs «»»-'•    Take   any   -"-	
id 8«rtland about the stood mih<iI- -                                             .......                 e
tem of wage-slavery.    He has di*
•       •       •       • gested his facts   and   given   us a
But, says somebody, surely you  readable account of a plain story.
....  ..     A friend of mine once said, "I
shall not study economics because
I shall only find out to be true
what I kunw already—that the boss
robs me!'' But surely that Is some-
thing.
To be able to   trace    by   clear
^^^^^^^       ordinary
economics nnd   see what
can make of it.      There are
ra Scotland abont the good condl- ..  .~ ". = ■—*-, ««- ..waning iiuuiiug ui economics, "• is
|J*i ft Canada.   That was after tnelr mmds wu"Ped with misleading propaganda, labelled as b0OK
j» m«r*ed from the trip across education, they were an easy mark for those who live bv ex you "°u """"* OI "'     "u,re are "" "" """ ™   "™   "'  """' """"* 'orueu m "construct.
___T_f?'1_T —. ?.W8" ,m'd ,or br  P'o't'lSf labor.                                                                                         " other ways, quicker ways, of gett. analysis the source of profltB, to be Ing no vested Interest in thi
Tf .    .    ., ing a headache, such as being hit able t0 reason out and understand they are, he cnn fearlessly e
It IS incidents such as this  that  brings  home  to  US the wlth a brick* bu' there Is no surer ,lle ramification, of thlB huge wage and rebuild while other grotf
line necooaitir «f ,-»,„—i...s . „             . -..,.-* .,—. , _...      .. system—Is half way to clearing it shrink from scientific inq.ui
 , ..._.VH nn. iima ior oy
tk. C. P. B.) tat then conditions in
<& P. R. hotels and parlor cars are
ktpwted to be fairly good.
jJftion Directory
'lS^"'^_L_r*;,, ?*■*«»«««"»
""■"—    *.   a.    Whltei
 _  ...»v _.i.n^_ tsusnts ui us tne
burning necessity of impregnating our fellow workers with a
knowledge of the nature of capitalism, and the pitfalls contained in all ruling class propaganda.
The Morals of Boargeoisdom
method than by studying on ortho
dox treatise on this subject. Of awa'r
course quite a number of folk like
a numb feeling to result from any
study, because that feels to them
like thinking, but the truth Is that
most of the lons-wlnded expiaaa
'—"n^S'*.si'._*'*}!r^!'e' *-..n *   — t. ■        _.*             ,__.                  .,.                    ',' tory matter Is just trimming, and
' '""""•, PM' — pAR fr0»« be">« an imnwculate, heaven-sent charm, as some th/tactB couldJhave been better
iatbd   labor   paStv —       people would have us believe, the moral and ethical codes of put in about a sixth of the words.
i i*i-*r'iini_ _i_"?__i !__ yX-51- boureeoisdom are the most debasing-. cnrriint.In-- inflnoncoo nno The followina   story   well   Ulu-
lll, aio
mwtln«« Iat ■
enwagi,      H.
Hnrlnnl1' "SH'W" "**-«"»"*l        " ~°      -•■-~- — J " »...-*,.- ■»»»..*»* ...onuv.
. yattttmiS^Jc^SSSaa. or P888'1** "*•■* capitalist society does not give legal sanction
-^-g, —i-W'h, bmma column. to- That this si*°*i*^* De 8<» i8 n'ot strange. Capitalism, with its
KalKf. i?',tS?*fi™.,'Kn "FEZ*, vast wealth on one hand, and its abject poverty and suffering
^^*-k&a5-°Z'_?,4t,X;i on the other-is an unnatural condition; and it is not to be ex-
j&»"«» £,*s**.\i£?i:_'ar«£ pected thBt the Philo8°Phy uPon wMcl« it is baied, and the
fiff.*.*-. —i '.  lesal enactments which give it sanction could be anything
» ttSgr^T 25& Cerent.
tory matter Is just trimming, and <" tn0»e c<"uran8 of statlrtics p«
the facts could have been better  forward In times of strike and point
out the errors?
E*__   ■ ahty —         ■*.-«*•-*_ ..wh.u ..».v. «_ .Twa*..*., bi,c "wi«i anu ci.iiii.ai _uucc* ui put in aoout a sixin or tne woras.  ***** --— -*--	
i_T__d m \jfttt: bourgeoisdom are the most debasing, corrupting influences one The following story   well uiu- How many can see last wfc«*»
rttaw •J£_S5_?*: can well imagine.  There is scarcely a single unnatural instinct 8trates tne sort of tnlni! that goeB the *"**•'**■•' tm plac»' *nd 1ow
is d.,... _.__"_•_   •_. .<_•___-     ,,.,. _:._,,. _. .  .     ,            ........ nn— the boss forgot thi. or that im-
Every wofklng cla.s  ec
To understand the errors ln those who Is helping us to "call thai
wonderful miscalculations put for- 0f the capitalist class ls m
word by the owners Is to forge a Bort of   ammunition   the
great weapon for onr class.     He. Miy Mod.
mnnv workers can stand <- ■**•■-**■*'      ...    „—-    „ttrst.r    "ii_l
ot those columns ot statistics put ^JJjjjjJ^?* *-7*W*?»:'   -*01*
"A Worker looksWi-
How many can see last where  by Mark Starr, labor '
^^^^^^^^^^^^ Co, Ltd.    Pricei Paper 1
the boss forgot thfs or that lm- Ss. fid.
Sf1"* la. Hol*icn   Ball-Hug     iV-mY
*SSh. J-iSwSl'w&'iSlf'.-irS1 A few days ag0 the dail-v prcss r8,ated how a woman,
mo. employes.- dmah, ,",*,«£ marooned on a lonely spot tip the Coast, without food or cloth-
i. «* ««/i"'i« _SiISJw"Vt ins for her four children- rowed a distance of 18 miles in a 12-
' "S^'^""-^'.^.^'.^"/ &_!_ foot skiff t0 * iogeing camP in order to secure the necessities
****** «<*■*. •■**» U.       ' of life for her hnlf-aturvp*. nflFonWn*    H™ h..^l.._.j ..... i_ s-ss
Our Open forum
Reader* ate invited to send tetters for publication in "Our Open
Forum." Communications should not exceett 250 Words, No views
will be censored so long as writers refrain ftom indulging in personalities.
The management of the ADVOCATE assumes- no responsibility for
opinions expressed ih this space.
Wherein haicolx bihjce is taken to task
Bdltor Labor Advocate:    At the revolutionary activity, and the sol-
Trotsky Declares
Seeks to Rule\
The Earth
MOSCOW.—America    no
thinks in terms of conntrieJ
she may dominate with herf
teserVWrs of gold but in ts
continents, declared Leon T
a speech In which he tn
Imperialist    development
United States.   He pointed .
today America Is gaining a .
____r"*l***"'l,*ri	
  0I llle tor n«r nait-starved offspring.   Her husband was in iail mo0Hn-, in the Rovai Theatre
the great hero,'
ply was "I am."    The Soldier said,  ,  ™ .„ „ . .
"Yes, but there are only two classes, stranglehold   on   the   natt
"loTsr    "°*m™**   K-    *•',   —'" """" "*" "-"■"•"■•"« ■•■=« "iiiurcn were utiten  a j|8rnptlng force   In the   Labor and whoever Isn't on one side Is on Europe and that with her va
'^.-^\**?mi_\sl'Si"pl in charge by a provincial policeman, and taken to Vancouver, movement?"   The speaker replied the other." of gold she is changing
?^«?__*_!________*_!!™! Promp*ed by,tbe mothering instinct common to all females in they were,   as witness   their   ac-    Now, Mr. Editor, that's the point mtints and «Pl'»l-"»« g°«
'■fc IJBPEIiatbd   SK*FAiiKns*   *^e animal kingdom, the woman was averse to being separated  tlvities In Red Deer, Alta., but he I am trying to make.    The mlgra- at wl"
«.  .1  RM-. B,*SAi^rV,*te from her children; but the dispensers of capitalist justice had s"ld " waa tne tanlt of thB lndl" tory 1forker na8 not a frle
■iUi.c, les  HMllnin  stmt  w.,   0*tJ,er oniniona nn tho   m*Ht,*      IV,     ...»     s, 1 j   • j. _   vldual mombers as tlieir education  the world.    The A.F. of L.     	
;*«.»„..   b.c.     t.1.   ».,.   mt.  OUier opinions on the   matter.     She   was  haled Into .court,  waB not theoretical   enough,   and have  him;   he    isn't   intellectual League of Nations that «.
 '"' '     is  ti,at the "wobblies'' were a'narcho- enough for our Marxian socialists; class pulled strings in the
allowed  syndicalists, whatever that is. and according to Malcolm Bruce he of  nations  and   were   able'
  -       fiat through policies they desired.j
tory worker has not a friend in     He   pointed   out   that   alt]
■---"-    won*t   America was hot a member ;
__._    -«__.    -«-  -   ■•■■»<""*"■     ""e   w«o   unieu   inio   cour
imnam,      n.si. *■*_!.      tty.     MB.
SnS^vS'^'Se^r'tH^va^ cnar*ed V!*^* bem8 irt possession of stolen goods (which it
■mt,'^—m. ptasMtn,     vieioria 4Beged her husbftnd took), advised to plead guilty, and allow*
Brandt,    ftoon    11,    Grren.   Blaek, , ,   . .     ' _. , _.     .
BriMd att/eet, Victoria, B.C.    Vhaste t6 go OH suspended sentSnoe     Tho novf ™«„. *,.  su. rts...:..:-
_..«h_h,     ..wum      -i,      ..rem
Mil litre!, Vletorl., B.C.
two.  ,    .
TM'OUHAI'HICAL   UNION,   Wo.   IM
—Preaident, A. P. Pettlplece. Vlee
pTMMent, C. R (tampkelli .eerelarr
to go on suspended sentence. The next move of the Christian
gentlemen who administer the law was to summons her t*>
appear before a police magistrate and show proof why she, a
Is not theoretician enough,
like  the Red  Ouard  soldier,
THE  CANADIAN
lyndlcallsts, whatever that is
Now, Mr. Editor, I am not a mem. -«^«^^^^^^^^^^™^^^™^™.
I er of the I.W.W., although I once   like  the  Red  Ouard  soldier,    he "Thc United States' strenj
was; but I do think that Bruce's knows that there are but t*o class- servolr Is its sixty million g
reply smdeked of a better than thou es, and I supose the class conscious serve.    TIiIb Ib  mighty mu
Vind of holiness.     It John Reed'i ones will have to act as the Red which   we   Bhall   hear  mor
hook "Ten  Days That  Shook the Guards In the coming struggle; and more.   Step by step, Amerlc
tVorld" a Btory is told of a Marxian at present the O.B.U. of Canada and centrates ln her hands him
are the only union. tht(t fate and  resources, and
of Woods,   mines, and proud  Britain's premier,
the street, and all that the sol- e*tTi S0"*8 <*te welcome In.   The no more than Americii's
■                                                                                    dler could Say to the Intellectual Cbminunlst "Party should hot forget lector.   There ls little w ,*„*
It is a safe gamble that of those workers who read the ,]m]e was 'You 8ee' BMttar. there U"-4 **™*** **** Powel'l>i,<!clar<! *•* tn« Vn*te** statea "links tot
_ item in question the majority decided that tho oMM™» ^ ***** •*"> <"aaBas' tha .»»•"?•■ on Ru._'.la.thB .Bsme ._"_!B _!"' _° t6™....0f emtl**mi*- no' a-"1
prvwgvrNi, v, *-, i.amp»ent wereiarjr- *  r-™-™ ■»«B""'«»vc aim siiuw  pruui  wily Blie, a
aTTa.,,,a"aBr 5f.!S woman convicted of a crime against property, shbuld have
ffito-tlUVf-a "",t"M"11' eufod>' of her children.   In vain she protested that she did book "Ten Days That Shbok the warns in tne
rpooRAPiuv. not Wftnt to be separated from them; the divine inspired morals Wl",ld" • st°W ls 'ow <■* * Marxian at present the
+%t$l-r.$, of bourgeoisdom had to be upheld, and the children were sent "tudent *no *"*" Ww!"1* out a !He ■1!M' a7
,«*».««.» to an institution, while the mother was turned loo*. «•_. uhh ma™" 80lalcr' lrefore a,cro*a *!.,8"!!... .
li Hutlnn «iu —	
J. M«-__.*l*i    utRHirr,*T...,.„  tr , —■« ■..■■= ..iiiiuitoi were ueni
^*_%I^£^---*S- *"*'" to an 'n^tution, while the mother wAs turned loose to shift
 '.., for herself.
todl
*m   v    *_*"'' news ltem in question the majority decided that the children "n only tw0 cla98es' tne bourBe- m Rus»,a tnB Bame atlffa wl" Dl
lator smm-tz-\e-rj^s*A\\.-: r3 «^^r?i js =.,^"*i=:*"•
TT 1 .Z' "     l8r*e<,)m^onty ot the otters had a hazy spent two yehrs in a fortress for tom mun
feeling that there was an "injustice" somewhere.   What thn
With Wklek  Ia  Inearporaled
i*_rti
BRITISH     COLUMBIA    FEU-
MfaATlONlHT
MMLISHBO. BVIDRV  THURSDAY
Vy ike l_kor >akllakln*( Ca.
.    Bnalneaa and  Bdltori.l  Oflee
ita tt.te,. Hide ii if.aiinc. it. ti.
_K£K8r ^strssuu
attltt   sku.   tt   tat   flMer-lakw
■•ve»eal In neUn.
Ml nrcla-, tm. p_r yrwi i_ann- uicu ysraia agu lb WUH peiTe
t"SJOJSS-%^^ rrSjI stake for Witchcraft, or t6
^^'--S^.elll*t^-' *" ...... ~~a..,„a l._
formed failed to observe was that if society was organized on a
basis which permitted consideration of 'human feelings the
woman would have retained her children and been enabled to
provide for them. What the latter didn't see was that accord
ing to all the precepts of capitalism no injustice had been done,
Under Feudalism it was perfectly just ftfr the ford - th*
 _._ t *..• -   *» *- • *      -
"With a war expenditure ol
000,0*00,000 America partlcipat
Europes destruction, and not
  ,al>B W her interest for bell
_-*          ,     , .,   .   .   .     ,        *,..       ,.    stroyed.     She pays for new
from her children in order to ensure their being brought up to of fronHe„t for the „OT8B
> .come efficient wealth producing machine, for a ruling class, maintain new armies, and
;_!____. ._, __._ v* i ___.-.._. .u. tt..j.t, ... .._..._._._, .e i_ii.   ____.__. —_._. .in. >,
Th
'- ... manor to hang his serf if fob so inclined.  LeBS than two ht_n-
t »erUSS, "SIS', dred years ago it whs perfectly just to burn ojd women at th-
—&jt*ia ImESJ! stake for Witchcraft, Or tb make them walk barefooted ov
—_-_:i^^'t^LZttttttta%* ***** ft0' pteuifliiih'fcres fo piroye their innocence; and hrfy writ
^_V%^^3sT-ymr. .    was produced to prove that such was the Written tastruttiiyn
of Ged.   Did not the "hoiy book" st«te that "Thou sK_.lt ii'-*
Mffftt. a w_t«9i to HvfrT" Today it is jIiAlce to tear this ttoth'
IIHJ   CilICICUb    tYCniUI   {/IVUHViUg   »«»»«*«ia*a*^a   *v»    »"   »'••■■••6   *"••««■ lUBIUVHIU      IIBW
sanctity of thfe home, \t*ich the "reds" are accused of toy- post-war ills."
in*? to break up, di&ppeated with the coming of factory pro-  '"■ -
duetion, and today it Cuts ho f-igtfr* in detertnhrihg what is    ltjbb<iok, t<_-t*-*F' -uyi
jnst or unjust.   The only consideratton ft What Will he nwdt of tke Lubhock district c*i(M
>«mefictal to -capitaHetic society. 'pu5ett *_* compelIea.,*to M
.„,   ,.,.   „    ,.,^ ,     ; >i _v_ *    » _,   ■- . *_   *_•> un'011 car'' ln 'to Lo<»I 6M,f
It is not "JuHtice" which ft at fault, nor maladministration „„j Se_uuVa.nl  Ulior-ejo
•I the law, hut capitalism with its inevitable concomitant— tlonal Alliance, after the 'ra
iftiss justice, the jus'tibe of private property, and mlachine pro- ienishtied It ter Vidratidn'
duetion.  W*at*as«ot to be done ia change the concept -of *to*j ,«^./roceeill?*"_^|
■mice by meep-e ««pitolWn,-»nd «D its «We«*int append^ JJ* ^ ™ l^gjl
a|i|_ and ctJhcefjftft, itlto owfvWn. protecteii.
L iiursday, March 4th,
THjJANAMAM LABOri ADMCA*8
Tt***,-'
Classified Ads.
BARRISTERS
&D, BIRD 8 LEFEAUX, 401 Met-
rropolitan Bldg.
BATHS
ANCOUVER TURKISH BATHS,
^Pacific Bldg., 744 Halting* St. W.
BICYCLES
fcSKINS B ELLIOTT, 800 Pender
JSt. W. The best makes of bicycles
pon easy terms, t
~—WHi ASD SHOES
ifltHUR FRITH 8 CO., 2313 Main
I Street.
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
I 'HARVEY, 58 Cordova St. West.
■CAFE
EMPIRE CAFE. 76 Hastings St. E.
CHIROPRACTOR
. D. A. McMILLAN, Palmer Grad-
Open daily and evenings.
|633   Hastings   Stteet   West,   cor.
Granville Stteet.   Phone Sey. 6954.
HKNTIST
W. J. CURRY, 301 Dominion
Bldg.	
DRUGS
STAR  DRUG   STORE,   Cor.
f_ordov_ and Carrall.
FLORISTS
OWN BROS. 8 CO.  LTD., 48
(tastings St. E.
OLASS
J Glazing,  Silvering,  Bevelling
IsTERN GLASS CO. LTD..  158
Cordova St. W.. few doots west of
JVoodward's.    Sey. 8687.    Whole-
|i!l* and retail window glass.
HOSPITAL
ITTER BE SAFE THAN SORRY
-Grandview     Hospital — Medical.
lurgical, maternity.    1090 Victoria
[Drive.     High. 137. 	
"MEN'S HJRNI8HIM18
B. BRUMMITT. 18-20 Cordova
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ITHUR FRITH 8 CO.. 2313 Main
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^ D. BRUCE,   LTD.,   Homer   and
\ Hastings Streets.
, B. BRUMMITT, 18-20 Cordova
| Street.
, MUSIC
jlOLlNS REPAIRED, Bows Repair-
Columbia    records,    needles.
I MM./!* • .      ,.''
Notes From the Camps
Conducted bg J. M. CLARKE, Seattacg L.W.I.U. of CenaHe..
Latfor  Gbtferftmeiit
Prevents Rent
,   Gouging
Locarno
OPTICIAN
fiTMAN  OPTICAL   HOUSE.   615
Hastings West.
PAINT A1HD S.PLV PANELS
BREGORY 8 REID.   117    Hastings
* Street East.
tobaccos ~
Mainland cigar store, 310
I Carrall Street.
UNITED STATES labor has been
acclaimed aa the cheapeat on
earth. Prom a variety of sources
figures have been brought forward
to prove that although United State,
workers receive a higher money
wage than that paid in any other
oountry, yet the rate of exploitation, caused by niass production and
other speed up devices, are .such
that they receive a smaller share ot
what they produce than do the
workers anywhere else.
But In spite ot the figures that
have been brought forward we are
now informed that Uncle Sam has
a competitor tor this doubtful honor,
and that competitor is the lumber
industry in British Columbia. Not
only has this Industry ln B.C. copied
the speed-up devices employed in
the States, but they have gone fur.
ther and reduced wages to the level
.paid for unskilled labor in many
European countries.
So tadly Is cheap production Ih
Canada cu;i*:.,„ Into the United
States lumber Industry that the
lumber operators to the south ot ua
have petitioned President Coolidge
to increase the tariff rat** on B.C.
shingles to prevent their business
from being ruined.
The Governor of the State of
Washington haa sont a letter to the
federal government ln Washing-
ton, D.C, asking that this tariff be
put Into execution without delay.
This letter reads In part:
"Our loggers and lumbermen are
forced to compete against the lower
wages and general cheaper produc.
tion costs ot Canada, while the anti-
trust law has catapulted our opera-
tors Into a mad scramble of the
survival of the fittest, with the result that our forests are being needlessly sacrificed.
"If the Importation ot cheap forest products trom Canada and the
prohibiting of combinations ot log-
glng and mill operators had resulted In the bringing of cheaper lumber to the consumer, there might
I c Justification lor the regulations
nnd inhibitions that have been
* placed upon the Industry, but I believe that a careful analysis of the
'facta will reveal that there have
'been n6 "pains to the consumer in
any way cbmmehsurnte'to'the losses
sustained by Ihe nation, the state
and the producer, In the dissipation
of a great natural resource."
The driven and underpaid workera
In llrltlsh Columbia saw mills and
i lumber campa can find much food
for thought here.
This Is one of the effects of the
union smashing efforts of the lum.
ber industry employers who will
permit no group of worker, to form
an organisation for their own protection. The men who work In thd
camps, and mills of British Columbia can now look upon themselves
sb the cheapest worker, on the entire globe; and they can also draw
what consolation they can from the
reflection that they hate no one to
blame for this condition but themselvea. By banding themselves together workers ln other industries
have prevented themselves from being ground Into such a mire as this,
but not so the men who work lh the
mills and camps of this province. To
all appearances they are quite willing to continne working for a wage
thnt Is about twenty-flve per cent,
below what the Dominion govern-
ment sets as1 the poverty line.
SYDNEY, Ajuatralla.-Durtng
laat year, the Mew South Wiales
Fair Rents Court, who Axe. the
rent, of dwelling houses, dealt
with 1106 application., tke
Court ordered Increased weekly
rental. In 108 ca.es, and reduced rentals In 366 cases. In ii
cases, the rent wa. unchanged, In
128 case, the magistrate decided
that the Court had no Jurisdiction, and ln 462 cades' the applicants' aaw flt to withdraw their
application, having come to
agreements with the owners out.
aide the Court. This reductions
during the year ranged between
12 cent, and $8.76 per weeli,
and ithe increased between 12
cent, and (3.60 per week'.
Bosses Perfect „
Spying System
MILWAUKEE—(PP)—To encourage industrial capital to come to
Milwaukee the employer associations and clubs are broadcasting a
boast of the Industrial harmony pre-
vailing. Movements for wnge boost,
or shorter hours are caught early
in the plants by well developed In-
dustrial espionage, according to a
union machinist who have worked
in a number of them. Men are asked
about radical tendencies and radical party affiliations when they apply for Jobs.
At the Seaman Body Corp., a subsidiary of the Nash Motors, a move-
ment among the workers to demand
overtime rates for Washington',
birthday got well under way before
Its leaders were discovered and
dealt with In the usual way. Earn-
ings are so low at the Seaman plant
that the men are opposing the 3-
shlft system of 8 honr. each, many
of them preferring to work np to
12 honrs In order to make enough
money th a week to meet the cost ot
living for themselves and their families. They fear that when houra
are cut their wages will also he
cut, through the hourly rate may
remain the same.
Coolidge Worries
, Ovfer NWs&Olifii
WASHINTON: — President
Coolldge has appealed to the
country to make the Senate rati-
fy hi. debt cancellation pact With
Mussolini. He has told the
press that the Italian Fascist
government will not pay a cent
ot Its huge debt to the American treasury unless this particular set of terms ta ratified.
He does not explain why he
knows that Mussolini will pay
anything on this plan, or why he
knows that the next government
In Italy wll pay anything on any
substitute plan.
Coolldge has displayed a
strong sympathy with Mussolini's methods, and cannot under-
stand why American public
sentiment should have been
aroused agalnBt the Black Shirt
regime.
Cuban   Railroaders
May Join Pan-
A. F. of L.
Company Unions
Fail in Bringing
Home the Bacon
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MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"THE PLACE FOR PIPES"
Mail Orders Receive Promt Attention
310 CARRALL STREET    VANCOUVER, B.C.
BRUNSWICK
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WENDALL HALL
The Jteil-hended Music Maker, now an exclusive
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SM? "Show Me the Way to Oo Home"
"Kentucky's Way of Saying 'Good Morning"*
21104 "That Certain Party" Fox Trots by Isham
"Paddlln' Jfadelln' Home" Jones Orchestra
tt — "Sleepy Time Oal" Now Hits played by Bon Demies
•    "A Uttle Bit Bad" Hotel Koosevolt Orchestra
-081 "Miami" Al. Jolson with Carl Fenton's
"Vou Forgot lo Remember" Orchestra
and many other, now on Bale—75c—play oh any phonograph
THE KENT PIANO COMPANY, 339 Hastings St. W.
ROSS-WIGHTMAN COMPANY, 846 Granville Street
McGILL-SPARLING LIMITED, 718 Robsoif Street
AKRON, O.—(FP)—Goodyear rub.
ber workers In Akron are finding
out what a bad Joke their "industrial assembly" Ib. Organised three
years ago by the bosses to stem the
bonallde Rubber Workers' union ot
the A. F. of L., the Industrial assembly has twice asked for wage
Increases and has twice been turned down by the Goodyear outfit,
which Is rolling up phenomenal
profits.
The Industrial assembly serve, aa
an open espionage device tor the
bosses, When worker representative, speak out too freely tn the
assembly, they soon flnd themselves
practically barred from Akron, as a
man discharged from one plant for
"disaffection" ls refused employment tn other rubber plants through
a blacklist,
The Rubber Workers' union wa.
established ln Akron Jan. 18, 1923,
Three weeks later the Goodyear industrial assembly was ushered Into
existence by foremen and superintendents. Homines were alao
granted workers to wean them
away from the bonallde union.
Within eight months the Rubber
Workers' union gave up the Job.
Then the bonuses disappeared.
WASHINGTON: — Th_.e'i a
big new fly In the sugar bowl
held by Ambassador CroWder in
Havana. That commercial colony of thb United Statea ha. a
militant union at railroad
workers. Thl. union has bean
approached by tlje Pan-American Federation ot Labor. It ha.
written a letter to Federation
headquarters ln Washington', saying that lt Is considering the idea
of affiliation. Cuba's workers
are accustomed to rough treatment from the troopa and police
when they go oh strike. The
railroad men are Inclined to vote
for affiliation with Washington.
At the same time, they expect to
send delegate, to the Interna-
tlonal labor conference summoned by the International Labor
Olllce at Geneva thl. year.
Crowder's Job I. control ot the
government for the utmost efficiency In sugar production. American property holding. In Cuba
amount to (1,200,000,000.
Berger No* Sefcks
Wilson's Cure All
Green Attacks
U.S. Imperialists
WASHINGTON—(FP) — Charges
that certain financial elements of
the United States are working hand
In hand with Gen. Chamorro, who
has established a military dictatorship In Nicaragua, ih order to oh-
tain control of the stock, and
shares of the National Railroad and
the Bank of Nicaragua, are made In
a letter to William Green, president
of the American Federation of
Labor, addressed to secretary of
state Kellogg.
Green demand, that the state de.
partment Inform those financial In-
terosts that agreements made while
the constitutional government has
been usurped will not be approved
or protected by the American gov-
ernment should they subsequently
bo challenged by a lawfully const),
luted government In Nicar.gu*.
WASHINQTON.-Victor Berg,
er, who 1. offering piecemeal In
Congreaa the domestic and for-
elgn program ot the Socialist
party, now propone, that Cool-
ldge call an International conference to revise the Versailles
treaty In accordance with Wilson's Fourteen Points. He
want. thl. conference to arrange
also for making public the aee
ret document. In the archive,
of the varloua nation., showing
why the world war was fought.
Berger take, the approved
Socialist position that the world
war was baaed on "a million
fie.," and that |hp Versailles
treaty was built on the lie that
Germany wa. solely responsible
for the war. Because the sec.
ret treaties' published by the
Russian communists have ahown
that Germany was no more
guilty than the chief allied powers, and because he believes tiie
world will hot recover from the
{effects of French propaganda
until tills wrong Is righted, Berger Is going to demand that
Congress ask Coolldge to call a
new conference.
By WIN. BWDR
r1 see a palming clearly one mu.t
■Und well back from lt. Pro-
verblally one cannot trie the wood
for tree.. And it tt li in politic..
The neir view ot event. I. often,
even generally, singularly Incorrect.
One I. a little bewildered by the de-
tall, a little bemused by the chatter
of the moment.
And .o thl. business of the Locarno Treaties will, I think, become a
little more understandable If one
moves a little away from It—say a
hundred league, and a hundred year,
ln .pace and time. Forward we
cannot go, except In imagination;
so let us try backward.. I think we
may flnd Charlemagne', old capital
of Aachen In the autumn of 1818 a
curiously useful .pot and time for
our purpose. For at that time and
In that place there was also a Conference of tlie Powers In being: the
Conference of Alx-la-bhapelle, as
English history books, preferring the
French name for a German town,
usually call It. A pleasant Confer,
ence—"1 have never wen a prettier"
wrote one of the protagonists to ht.
wife.
The first point we shall note is
how curiously like Is the Conference
of Afrx-la-Chapelle,    seen    at close
hand, to the Conference of Locarno.
ln Retrospect
A great war had been finished a
few year, before. A great Imperial
power had been beaten by a Grand
Alliance. She had been condemned
to pay to the victor, reparation,
beyond her capacity. Armies bt Occupation were In her Rhine terri-
tories. She was .till, though she
had changed her form of govern-
ment, a Half-pariah stale, suspected
of hankering after ihe fallen regime,
of harboring project, of revenge.
How to obtain reparations, how tb
withdraw the armies' of occupation,
how to assure permanence for the
treaty settlement which hid ended
the war, how to bring the outcast
nation back Ihtb the Europe comity,
how abovi all to obtain "the beat
security for a durable" peace": theae
were the ostensible purpose, of Alx-
la-Chapelle, a. of Locarno.
The Parallel
Bteh IS thi detail* the parallel.
are eerily precise! The Intervention
ot the bankers—at no small profit
td themselVes — In the Reparations
settlement; the canvassing of
great schemes uniting all Europe ln
a pact bf guarantee: the successful
Insistence of Britiih statesmen that
"all notions of general and unqualified guarantee must be abandoned In
favor of limited agreement.": the
worry caused ttt tfioae' same state.-
men bj- the aversion ot British public opinion ttt any European Commitments; their constant preoccupation
with tiie necessity of finding formulae which wobld enable them' to
either justify their acts to, or to
Conceal them from, Parliament. At
Alx-la-Chapelle, a. at Locarno, they
e'veh' debated the questions tfheiher
a guaranteeing power might March
troops across Europe to enforce a
guarantee, and whether thd Council
bt Allied Ambassadors should be
liquidated or retained In being for a
little while.
Hailed as a Success
Alx-la-Chapelle, like Locarno, wn.
a triumphant aucce... Difficulties
which had appeared all but unsol-
uble vanished In a new atmosphere
at goodwill. There had, Indeed, to
be care exercised ln drnughtmanshlp.
But the requisite formulae were
forthcoming, and' the unanimity wa.
wonderful. The Reparationa tangle
had already been solved by the good
— and remunerative — office, of
Measrs. Baring and their colleague..
But It wu the merit of the Confer-
ence to have solved the even more
vexing problem, of peace and security. The withdrawal of the armies ot
occupation Was ordered: France was
welcomed again In the comity of nations. A nice mixture of Idealism
and common sense created a' European unity without sacrificing nation,
al independence. An equally flne
balance satisfied at once thoae who
wished Britain to pl.y her due role
as a guarantor ot the new peace and
those who dreaded her assumption
ot European obligation.. Above all
thtt nil.ts of suspicion ahd mutual
fear which had hung over the Continent as a result of the long war
Slid the dictated peace had been dissipated ahd replaced by a purer at.
biosphere. CsStltteagh, who had so
ably about the same time secured
tKe peace ot (he wtt.ld' and safeguarded tlie Interests of Hli country,
returned In triumph to receive the
thank, ot hi. Sovereign,  the  con-
gratulatloni of hi. colleagues and
the applause of Parliament. Only a
disgruntled and disreputable opposition group dared to criticise the .work
ot the Conference and to Impute ain-
liter motive, to the activities ot the
peace making diplomat..
a universal rmo
So Aix-ln-Chlpalle appeared to
those who sa* tt do., lit hahd, )«St
over a century ago. "It lo,'' ti—ie
the enthusiastic American Ambassador, "a compact bettteeh tM im
principal Eurtpehu po<fr___ -i We
preservation ttt unlrennl _**&'■
But, seen at i distance, M we itt'
It now, thli prettiest ttt conl
hai quite another n«ti*e*t. W*
the double advantage ot beittg «Mi
to judge It by lbi frutti add ttt bflriti'.
acce.. to much thai wil. carefully
hidden at the tlm* both front aShI-
can Ambassadors and from the pnttv
lie. Diplomats) were no lea. cauttod*
and .ecretlve folk In those diy. thin
now. And the real purposes of the
diplomacy ot (he conterefice wet*'
carefully hidden. Ca.tlereaiS, In particular, hampered — tt hi. Pniislan.
Austrian and Rusalan colleague,
were not — by the constant fear of
Parliament, had over and over again
to remind them bf the need tor ail-
cretlon. Anil so, as Gents, who acted
a. aeeretary of the conference, noted,
"they carefully avoided giving opportunities tor malvolence or Iridlicre-
tloh by putting into tlie formal documents wishes br declarations bf
which each carried the principle In
mind, but the enunciation ot which
would nave provoked vexation and
hostile criticism."
Tke Prelude to Peterleo
Alx-la-Chapelle, a. wo Me It now,
wa. not at bottom concerned with
the preservation of universal peaee,
but with the preservation Df the old
order against the menace ot "th*
demoeatlc principles—the phr.se 1.
Castlereagh'. — "bnt too generally
spread throughout Burope." It wa.
the prelude to Peterloo, to the SU
Act., to the Carlsbad Decree., ttt thd
armed suppression of the popular
movement. In Spain and Italy. It
was thtt Alliance ot Oovernment.
aghlnot people".. If the Power, agreed
to forgo or to settle peaceably their
difference, with each other, their motive was not pacifism but fear. They
laid aside their quarrel. In order
that the Old regime—whether autocratic or oligarchic—might present
a united front toward, the new danger. Oenti tn hie confidential memorandum to Metternlch on the
achievement, ot the Conference il
nakedly frank. "The nucleu. of organlud atrength which thli union
preaent. I. the barrier which Pro*
vldence Itself Mem. to have raised
to preserve the old order.'' While
Metternlch him.elf, In writing to his
Emperor jutt before the Conference,
notes rather naively that the "drat
notion" muit be peace, "and the fundamental Idea ot peace Is the security of property."
Tke Onteome
Not peace, then, but unlvereal oppression, was the outcome, and Indeed the prime purpoie, of the Alx-
la-Chapelle Conference. It I. often
assumed that In this regime of op-
preulon the Brltlih government refused to play Ita part. That I. a delusion, carefully created and foster-
ed by Castlereagh for political reaion.. On the morrow of the conference ht. parliamentary position
weakened. The opposition became
stronger and more vigorous. Ha did
not dare to Join overtly In the re.
presslve activities on the Continent.
But he gave them all the support he
dared. "He II," wrote the Austrian
Ambassador to hi. chief, "like .--great
lover of mu.lc who I. at church: he
wishes to applaud but ht dare not.'1
"We are alwayi," he himself wrote
to Metternlch, "pleased to iee evil
germs destroyed without the power
to give our approbation openly." And
again, " we can old ybu far more by
onr action, than by onr words." At
home the Uvcrpool-Castlereagh gov.
ernment did It. bit enthusiastically.
Peterloo pollow. Alx-la-Chapelle In
It. list of honor.,
A "Faseeou Moral"
Seen from far off, in historical pet-
spectlve, the Conference of Alx-la.
Chapelle, then, presents ail appear.
ahCo very different from that which
It presented to observers near at
hand. The professions of peace are
teen lio have been mere rhetoric.
The ruler, of the Oreat Poweri are
Men to have come together not under
the urge of lofty ideal, but under the
pressure of 4 common fear. T_tetr
(Coniinunf on Pott 4) age Four
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Thursday, March 4th, 19261
LOCARNO AND AIX-LA-CHAPELLE
(Continued from Page 3)
Hanco wae a bond not of peace, but
resistance to the common danger
reatcnlng   their   prerogatives.   A
asceau  moral'' Metternich  termed
Divide and Rule
Persia and Afghanistan It Is hoped may be penetrated and controlled.
Australian Reds
Closing Up Ranks
F
SYDNEY,    Australia:   — The
That leaves ln Western ABla mh aI»nual  conference  of the
tw   strong   powers   which are at '•.Communist  Party of  Australia
The phrase has a prophetic and least potential enemies, and whose  waB held. at Sydney during the
nlster aptitude.    The English  for very existence provides an inspira.
With the Marine Workers
Conducted  by  W.   H.   DONALDSON,  Secretary  Federated   Seafarers  of
Canada
last week of December. Dele-
'a_ceau"'is "bundle": buTthe Ital- tion" and a rallying point for the" na- gates 'rom »» branches through
■n is "faaclo." tlonallst movements within the East-  Australia    were  in attendance,
Is It otherwise wkh Locarno, whose ern Empire.    To Isolate those two  and the result ot the -"""erence
lose-up appearance presents so cur- powers—precisely as Metternlch aim-  wa8    c«>lsldere|i to be    highly
lusly close a resemblance to that  ed  to  Isolate    the    democratlcally-
f Aix-la-Chapelle? tending states of Spain and Naples-
Tile Same Platitudes is the obvious first task of the Brl-
The-statesmen of Locarno talk the tlsh diplomacy.
A Prelude to New Wars
And for that a "rapproachement"
with Germany    ls  as  essential  to
Chamberlain as was a "rapproachement"   with   Prance  to  Metternlch.
A letter received from one of the of   the
c
ship   mentioned   by  white
Coughlans have had more
crew of the S.S. Canadian Win. sailors.
ner reads:—Tlle Canadian Winner trouble with Chinese seamen than
encountered a very stormy passage they ever bad with white  Bailors,
on her homeward trip, arriving at but we have it on good authority
the Panama Canal four days late, that ono of the officers is to blame,
satisfactory for the future of the __ _ _e_ult ot whlch _„„ (00d _,,_. u  _._,„_ th_t ,t doeB not ___„.,.
piles were cut down, as all provi- what kind of men is aboard he is al-
sions  were  running  short  aboard ways acting in an autocratic manner,
the ship.  When the coal In the bun.     The matter of the S.S. Mona Brea
Party.
In reviewing the achievements
and failures of 1925, the confer-
ame sonorous platitudes    as    the
tatesmen  of Alx-la-Chapelle.    But
heir assurances are so valueless as
hose    of    their predecessors.    Mr.
Chamberlain had M. Brlanr,    Herr
' Hressemann  and  Signor  Mussolini,
ire no more pacifists and idealists
hit heart than Were Castlereagh and
tfetternich.    Not even the sunshine
.if Lake  Magglore can  bleach  the
Stheoplan skin of diplomacy.    And
:hese men who have for years been
levotees of force and exponents of
imperialism have not changed miraculously in an hour.
. Reactionary Governments
The governments of the four great
Powers of Locarno, like the governments of the five great Powers of
Alr-la.ChapeIle, are reactionary governments,  concerned  above  all    at
of the Party was due ln some
cases to a laxity qf party discipline on  the part ot certain
. the present juncture for the preaerv- truC(. t0 thelr own dissensions, hav-
■ atlon of the old order against the )ng agl.ee(1 t0 f0I.get old grievances,
clearly threatening dangers.   And it cm present—precisely as after Alx-
ls  this  preoccupation    which    has ia.chapelle—a  united  front to dis-
;;.drlven them into a temporary unity. content at home and to nationalism
lAs Prance in 1818, so Germany ln ln thelr own dependencies.   The af-
11925 |B hrought Into the fold,   not tennath of the one as of the other
::-from ?.ny Christian motive of for- wlll be not pea(.e but a sharper con-
lgivene.., but from the fear lest lso- flj(,t between repression and revolt.
Plated she may lend aid and Bupport The WeBt |s preparing not for the
to the opposition.
The dangers which threaten the
established order today, though more
complex, are not dissimilar lirom
those which threatened In 1818. Then
there were the democratic movement at home and the national resurgence ln the Mediterranean coun.
tries. Today there are the working-
class movements at home, the national awakenings in Asia and Northern Africa. And there Is also Soviet
Russia.
Imperialistic Interests
England ls conscious that she
must strain every nerve If she is to
hold her Eastern Empire In subjection. Prance Is already hard pressed In Syria and Morocco. Italy Is
by no means sure of her existing
colonies and yet Is greedy tor more.
All ot them are faced at the same
time by Internal economic difficulties—haunted by the fear ot working-class revolt. It Is a situation
Imperatively calling for a truce to
ence realized that the weakness ,..„ wa_ begilming t0 aUow signs 0f of the Imperial Oil Co. paying East
shortage, they soon run ln to the Coast wages on that ship is being
nearest port for more.   Why is lt taken up with the company.    The
that the captains of C.G.M.M. ves- wages paid to seamen is much lower
members who, In their anxiety sels -.ave not permta8|011 t0 run in- than It is on the vessels that sign
,    ,   , ,.          ,                   t0  gam ■™la11    8UcceBS  ln  tl,e   to the nearest ports for food as well on in Vancouver.
Germany ln Isolation and conscious  trades union movement allowed              ,'_"'_■'■',            _ ,              _    _        _    .
, . _     .     ,         , _..      ,    ,„         traces union movement auoweu   ns coal for Ule bunkers, and put Preparations are to bo made to
of her os racism might seek alliance  their party activity to slacken.  „ en(1 t0 t„. _ractlce of c_nadl_B „_„.. „„„„,„„„. „, vound on
with Soviet Russia, might re-estab- However, the secession of a small   -eafar.,._  having  t0 g0  on  shoro _ertal„ veBBel8,   Tlll,0ugh the aenal-
to buy  such commodities  as  tea, gamatlon of the forces of seamen
sugar, milk, etc. this will be a lot easier than it was
We have no complaints to make previously.
about the food wo received on the HOSPITAL NOTES— 	
outward trip, but were short ot pro- Joe Etchells Is still at St. Paul's
visions on the homeward trip, af- Hospital after having gone under a
ter'being in ports where the art!- serious operation, whicli he thinks
cles mentioned are  mueh cheaper will mean a couple of months treat-
than they are ln British Columbia, ment.    His many friends pay fre-
Experlenced cooks were ou the queut visits to  the  hospital.    Joe
vessel,   who   knew   tlieir   business Warrell Is at St. Pnul'B from the
well.    Therefore we cannot blame S.S.  Princo  Rupert,   getting  along
wards a mass Communist Party.  th_ cook _„ ,_ done ,n m„_y __B_8 nl(,e,y „_ tiley sny nt. the hospital.
               When they do not have the goods W. Long Is also at St. Paul's Hos-
to cook then they can't deliver the pital.
goods.   A good deal of unrest ex- J. Kentland returned from, Tampa,
Ists over this matter and tbo men Pla., U.S.A., Whero he was ln the
are getting very discouraged, and hospital,   and   wob   transferred   to
would like to see things rectified. Vancouver and is likely to be Bent
                          Captain Hocklngs was very con- to St. Paul's Hospital.   He was In-
WASHINGTON —Taking    ad-   Biderate and  does everything that lured while employed on the Cana-
vantage of the occasion ot Wash-  Is Possible to please and entertain dlan Trooper as donkeyman.   He Is
ington'B birthday and  a  Phila-  *•■» •»'■•«■   **'°«* ">c •J»'»a*<*a Canal a long way from well,
delphia audience,    Secretary ot  -°  San  Pe<--'°  >"  entertained  his
State Kellogg announces his be-  <•"■» -° *•■* interesting educational Hospital.   He expiscU to.beout ln_a
llsh intimate relations with the new 'non-proletarian' element left
Turkey. Perhaps at the moment the the party free to proceed with Its
second was the more dreaded posal- pian of making every member
b.iity. Locarno put an end to loth, an active worker.
Russia must abandon any hope she The action of the executive ln
may have had in Berlin. Turkey dealing with the right wing ten-
must face the Mosul Issue knowing dency within the Party was un-
that she cannot look for German animously endorsed by confer-
Bupport, either diplomatic or financial or technical. Britain can face
her Eastern problems without fear
of complications in the West. The
Imperialist Powers, having called
ence.    Now   that    the   small
'Right' element has been liquidated, the way ls paved for a'
ytear  of constructive  work  to-
Kellogg    Discovers
That America ..
Is Safe
millenium but for the struggle with
the East. It Is as the prologue to
that Btruggle, not as the epilogue to
tlle German war, that the historian
wlll see Locarno.
—Labor Monthly.
George Watton ls at the General
traduced    fine    moving    pictures, the amalgamation ot tlle unions has
Het that the republic is safe at
last.    He definitely declares — ,,.,.,
"I do not, of course, contemplate   With the help ot a gramophone to been accomplished
that    discontented,   mischievous  »ct *** "^capacity of an orchestra, ---
people,   revolutionary   forces of
..   .    ...     , .       , the internationalists or commun-
U. ~.   WOrKerS LOSltig  iBts are going to overthrow this
Millions Through
Sickness
government, Insidious or per-
siB(ent as their efforts may be."
However,, he is worried over
the agitation to change the constitution, to give sweep to "the
evils  of unbridled  democracy."
NEW YORK—FP)—$260,000,000 a
year lost In wages through absence
due to Illness is "°»™**£!; He thanks God for Hamilton..*,
mate of the Inroads sickness makes ^
In American worker pocketbookB, the ™       , "■»
Natl.  Industrial Conference board ***f^> b«»» ",.1'*
reports.   The board is the biggest of alliance with Prance In 179
reports.    lus, uu                     ** "disorders and excess"
employers'   research   and   propa-
_ i. ._!_ i„_t__. _ t_o of the French revolution had cul
ganda agency.   In this instance tne .....
point emphasised Is that "Medical m.nated in a declaration of wa
service   in . industry,   npon   which ^ tbe French republic, . ajnst
American manufacturing establish- the feudal monarchies of Europe.
But lf,  thanks   to  Hamilton,
Washington and the Incumbent
ments are spending millions yearly,
Is   proving   a   paying   investment,
inter-governmental quarrels and for    yle,aln- VBiUable dividends in health, secretary of state, the American
. *   ■.* .*-__..._." B _.,,_,, _l_l_„    1„    **n   nanonnl    niir-ll    fwim
closing ot the ranks, Equally It
calls for the conciliation of Qermany
and for her Inclusion tn a common
system with her late enemies. For
there is clear danger lest an ostracised Germany may lean towards
Russia, may lean towards Turkey,
may use her renascent economic
strength, and the Influence which It
gives, to combat Instead of to support the Allied domination ln the
East.
British Policy
It Is this need for a united front
which explains in particular England's Locarno policy; and it was
English diplomacy, skilfully working In Bel-lin, which started the
whole business. Por Germany and
for Prance there are evident advantage. In the pacts themselves and ln
the assurances—bb to the Rhlneland,
as to commercial credits and so on
—which accompany them. But for
England Locarno is, on the surface,
all give and no take. She assumes
heavy military obligations. She has
made- expensive flnanclal promises.
Directly she gets no return. But Indirectly she gets that which she
needs most of all—the assurance of
support, or at least of benevolent
neutrality, in her struggle to hold
her Eastern Empire.
Soviet Russia's Crime
It la ln the Bast that the key to
BrltlBh foreign policy lies, as It has
loin for a century past, India, the
new Empire between India and the
Mediterranean, and the quasi-Empire
In China are her chief, concerns.
Even the hostility of British Imperialism to the Soviet Union Is based far more upon Asiatic anxieties
than upon class prejudices. Russia
ls regarded ln Downing Street as
the "traitor" power, the blackleg of
Imperialism, ker deepest crime Is
that .he has broken the European
phalanx. She ,has dared to treat
Asiatics as comrades and partners,
not as exploitable subjects. She has
"gone native."
ln stability of employment and ln
elimination ot waste.''
The average annual expenditure
for medical service to employees
among the 600 plants covered by the
conference board, study waa $1.08
per $1,000 worth of products, or
$3.62 for each $1,000 of wages. Much
of this charge upon Individual employers In the United States was
bofne by the state ln European
countries where social legislation
protecting workers had advanced
considerably before the war. Since
republic Is no present peril from
radical tendencies, Kellogg Is not
satisfied with affairs south of the
Rio Grande. He has just had
another note from President Calles of Mexico, and he is momentarily expecting the Senate to
adopt the Norrls resolution asking for the tacts as to whether
Kellogg or the Mexican govern,
ment is suppressing publication
of tlieir recent exchange of notes
on tlle oil land question. The
oil lobby tried to start a new
appropriate music was rendered to
suit the pic,ures shown on the
screen. These unusual entertaining features were greatly appreciated by the crew who hope that
they wlll continue and that those
of the new crew who have not had
the experience are given a chance
to enjoy themselveB.
While writing this letter there Is
one other item tbat ls of great Importance. We feel very thankful tor
the kindness ot Captain I Hocklngs
In arranging time off at different
ports in England for the members
of the crew so that nearly every
one who had not seen their friends
for some time, no matter how far
off, were given an opportunity to
do so. We would like to have the
other captains of the fleet take a
lesson from Captain Hocklngs, instead of logging the seamen for
trivial offences and abolish the
"commission tailor" from the vessels of the company, and give a man
a reasonable amount ot money
when in foreign ports. Then there
will be less need for "Tailors" and
less unpleasantness on board.
Mailing List
Brannlghann, .    Aiklnson, T.
Crocker, J.
Starr, J.
Jones, R. N.
Pugh, A. B. '
Worrall, Wm.
Love, Wm.
Illott, G. W.   '
Maekay, J1,
MacDonald, J.
Mcintosh, N.
Millar, Hall
Bijll, A.
Jones, T.
Hannah, T.
Coll, J.
Ogden, A. W.
Flannagahan,
pnbbln, H.
_cLeod, M.
Haley, W.
Beckett, H.
Bates, H.
BIRD, BIRD & LEFEAUX
Barristers, Solicitors, Elc
401-408   Metropolitan   Building
837 Hastings St. W.,
Vancouver, B.C.
Telephones: Sey. 6666 and 6667
Province of British Columbia
Department  of  Lands
FOREST BRANCH
Examination for the Position
of Assistant Forest Ranger
Object: These examinations are lor
thc purpose of filling present vacancies and to enable candidates to
qualify fot future vacancies and increases  in stall.
Anitttnt Forest Rangers: Assistant
Forest Rangers are employed during the
SEVERAL   transfers   have  taken
place since  last  Issue  of the
"Advocate" and the opinion on the
the  war  these  government stand-  attack on  Ca"l.es"by"prat'esting   waterfront ls that the recent amal- £r77e.so7_f"ea"ch ye_VS.»Wh«W
the  war tnese government stano                                                          gamatlon ls proving a success more is altmM where possible by work on
ards have broken down somewhat,    hat  Mexico  Is  driving certain improvements such as trails, etc.    Re-
forelgn clergy from that conn-  W   '                                 ^ .„£_*_. *. maje     h year as ,ong
,                     ,                 ,„   ,,,„ as satisfactory service is given.      Pro-
cerlaln amount of success ln  his mm*on fQ ,£ p„manent ai„ ta madc
new position, having enrolled sev- by merit and examination as occasion
eral new members.   Important mat- offers.    The salary is $100 per month
tors have teen taken up with the the first year, and SHO per month the
_,        _<_  .1      i second year, and $120 the third year.
C.G.M.M. ln connection with the al- _^Zin-{_,_»« ,n also paid,
terollons that are taking place on Qualifications lor Candidates:   Can-
thelr coasting vesselB. didatcs must be. British subjects, resi-
.  .*__ *___,!,* „t,«m.n dent in  British Columbia lor at least
„_,..._„„_ „.     .,.,        The mntter of tho white seamen onc fm    of    good   chmMt   __od
Tribune    excitedly    announced *>elng displaced by Chinese on tlio p.,ysica,   .ondition   and   wi,h  WOods
S.S. City of Vancouver hus been tak experience.
en up with the Coughlan Interests, They should have experience in lire
-"*        _ .. ,   ,      a .,„■,, m. will l,» onr* fighting: possess the ability to organ-
port in Congress for an anti. and it Is hoped  hat we will be sue. .£ ^t*^. ^^ ^ ^ .^
Mexican policy than had the oil *™»*'*** '» mr "lea ,or tne n""mlng knowledge of the Forest Act
The examinations are partly written,
varying according to the burden of
dett charges.
Anthracite Girls Go On
Strike as Mines
Reopen
try. CalleB' government Is rumored to have sent a sharp re.
minder to Washington that religious questions are domestic
Issues. Besides, the foreign
clergy have had ten years' notice
to leave Mexico, ond even now
their going Is made as comfort-
The New York
SCRANTON,    Pa. — (FP) — Over
1400 girl workers ln anthracite re. al>-e as possible
glon silk mills are striking, while
their fathers and brothers go back that the religious Issue would be
Info the mines after their five and more effective In lining up sup*
a halt months' fight.
Last June tlije girls struck demanding $3 Increases over their average weekly wage ot $12. They
were then poorly organised and the
Impending anthracite strike sent
them back to the mills after a hard
fight which did not bring them all
they wanted. The maximum wage
since their summer strike haB been
$15 with girls averaging $8.60 as
the season slowed.
Most  of the  girls  are  strikers
from Leon.Ferenbach Silk Co. They the Chicago dUtrlct by a union
complain that speeding up of machines cuts their earnings ln pro-
issue. Kellogg saw at once that
this was a bnd move—lt confessed tho anxiety of the administration to And a pretext for
bullying Mexico.
UNION LABOR HOSES
CHICAGO:—Homes   built   by
union labor will be financed In
controlled  company  called' the
Illinois Federation   Corp. Spon-
portion to the product. The United  sored by the Chicago   building
NONE  BUT WHITE  HELP
EMPLOYED
fCOAL|
AND      If
vWOOD^
Textile workerB has been organizing the girls. There are several
thousand silk workers In these anthracite valleys, 6,000 employed at
Shamokin by C. K*. Eagle & Co.
alone when busy. During the winter the silk mills were not working full time.
trades council and affiliated unions. Money wll be loaned nl
lower rates than given by the
standard lending Institutions
and on two-thirds Instead of one-
half the valuation. The.company Insists that the construction be union throughout.
partly oral and are designed to test
the candidates' ability along the above
iines. All statements made by applicants as to experience, education and
fitness are subject to verification by
the examination board.
Preference is given to returned soldiers wilh Ihe necessary qualifications.
The examination: The examination
will be held at the places and on the
dates named below. Each intending
applicant should apply to the District Forester of his district for application forms and for information regarding the hour of examination and
the building in which it will be held.
Application forms Bhould. in each case,
be filled out and mailed to the District Forester in time to reach him at
least six days before tbe examination.
-Apply to
NONE  BUT  WHITE  HELP
EMPLOYED
District
Place
Date
_ Forester at
Vancouver
March
14
Vancouver
Victoria
March
16
Vancouver
Nanaimo
March
M
Vancouver
McCUAIG AUCTION BOOHS
MELROSE and MAY
Auctioneers und Valuators
We Specialize ln House Sales.
Before Listing give us a Call.
US Richard. St.        Sey. 1070
Vancouver, B.C.
GLASSES
5
Complete
No Drugs Used in Examination
THIS advertisement means high-
grade glasses, with a thorough and advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist.
You will find that we give the
most value for the least money,
and we stand back of all work
turned out,
// your eyes ache, see us.
BIRD
EYE SERVICE
(UPSTAIRS)
205 SERVICE BLDG.
Robson at Granville
Entrance 680 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8955
Who is BILL HUNQERFORD? J
Ask Any Labor Man
STANFORD
ROOMS
868 SEYMOUR STREET
Housekeeping   and .Transient *
Central  — Terms  Moderate
Under New Management
••Bill Hungerford and M. Cambridge, Props.
BRUCFS
SUIT
__-_J-*JUL-
Big reductions, splendid values.
Regular Prices »3_._0 to IMU0,
NOW-
$15.00 to $37.65
C. D. BRUCE
Limited
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
THE ORIGINAL
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
— for —
LOGGERS,   MINERS,   CRUISERS AND PROSPECTORS
Quick Service for Repairs
— All Wtork Guaranteed —
Special attention to mall orders ■
H. Harvey)
Est. In Vancouver In 1897
58    CORDOVA    STREET    W.
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
70 HASTINGS  EAST
HAROLD DECKS and
BOB  KRAUSE
Late 54th Batt. and 72nd Batt. I
G. R. NADEN,
Deputy Minister of Lands,
SPEEDI
-THE voice currents usedl
*■   in long-distance tele-l
phoning travel from 8,000|
to 178,000 miles per second.
B.C. Telephone Company I ^ay^h^th.lgge,;
THE C-VNAfflAfl L^BQB Afi-VQ-gME
Page _
_____
V_ . *vJo*,
China
l '.e Society of Sunyatsenlam has
i organized In Canton.to propa-
I the revolutionary Ideas of the
Id.. Sun Yat Sen.   Over 10,000
Isple  attended  the  opening  ses-
Km,,which was held in the open
1 dV the drill ground ot the Na-
jnal University in Canton.    Re-
fcsentatlves of the labor unions
■ local merchants, as well aB sev-
|l  other  bodies  attended.    The
fety   aims   to   popularise   the
ifee People's Theory" of nation-
evolution as laid down by Sun
[Seta. These are: A political
lution for the establishment of
epubltc In which nib masses
•ely participate; a national re-
tlon tb drive out the foreign
ers and unify China; and the
otnlc revolution to bring about
Uulty In land rights, the re-
[itlon Of labor unions and the
[t-atlon of their activities.
Greece
e mask ot pretense at fairness
now beon torn off the face of
Greek fascist government of
aloB. When the ministry pre-
g Pahgalos was overthrown by
ie proceeded to release a num-
Dt political prisoners, leaving
outstanding  leaders  remain
trlson. Now, however, a verit-
relgn of terror existB In Greece
, one   of  the   most   Important
fs known to that country, the
of the members of the cen-
committee  of the Communist
tty of Greece, Is  soon to take
le.  Nineteen  in  all  are  being
JS— for. They are being charged
li  treason,  because  tbey  advo-
pd    self-determination    to    thc
kt of separation for the national
prltles ot Greece.
Hungary
pungary Is at last to have unem-
ment Insurance, but the state
J_""'l)»taJintMii*«, according
_.___ :*" ..;t
Ilnternatloual Federation of
ide Unlona. Workers and em-
ivers, Under the Hungarian
nme, will contribute equally to
i fund, which will give aid to the
ount of one-halt the normal
jge.   The Horthy government ls
fi only one in Burope except the
ssolinl government ot Italy that
uses to contribute to unemploy.
nt funds. Nothing ts available
social purposes trom the Horthy
Ifdget ot 700,000,000 gold crowns.
Poland
(political prisoners In Lodz prison
ye brought to notice the unpre-
lented and cynical methods prac-
ed by one of the prison doctors,
e doctor refuses to testify to the
urles Inflicted on political prlson-
by Polish political police and
Is frequently destroyed or talei-
Id medical certificates. In the
|se ot the Inhuman beating tip of
prisoners two doctors entered
J the registration book that the
latlents were 111 With anaemia"
|d prescribed Iodine for them.
Uv-i
Miners Seek Nationalization
-Tra '"h—*T *\*ijnstr
GUARANTEED    USED   CARS
Cash Paynient* As* Low*.da IBS.**|
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd;
Phone. Sey^Jiyji.. JfUS Gran. St.
SSWW^^f
Italy
iln one ot his recent speeches, the
cretary-general of the fascist syh-
callst corporations, Edmono Ros-
nl, deolared that It was necessary
promulgate a law against the
ler.   He suggested that the new
w ahould contain only these two
auses:   (1)   that   deliberate   ab-
entlon (rom work is prohlhblted In
aly; and (2) that anyone found
lllng away his time tn cafes or
musement   halls,   without   being
Me to prove that he has worked
pr at least eight hours, will be ar.
fsted and sent to prison.
Germany
Despite all the lurid promises of
e   prosperity  which Was   to   be
'outfit by the Dawes plan to Ger-
any the Industrial crisis grows
ore and more severe.   Many firms
*e cutting their forces to the bare
inimum.   The Ruhr district la ln
ie worst shape.   The giant Krupp
lent at Essen has discharged over
|alf Of their employees, thb limner dropping from 42,000 to 20,000.
Host of these are working only a
few days a  week.    The  Thyssen
hlnes  have dismissed 3,000 me
M*
Ay Leland Olds, Federated Press.
THE coal Industry, organized
with a single eye to securing
an efficient service for the public
.and proper standard of life for the
mine workers. That Is the oblec-
tlve of the Miners' Federation of
Great Britain In Its proposals to
the coat commission for reorganization and development of the
coal ahd power Industry.
The proposals were presented
atter discussion by a joint committee representing the miners, the
British Trades Union congress and
the Labor party. They are there,
fore backed ty the entire British
labor movement. This concrete
plan for unification affords the best
possible answer to enemies of nationalization.
The federation assumes that the
private ownership ot coal by more
than 3,000 owners and the operation of 3,000 pits by more than
1,000 aeperate concerns is not favorable to economical working. It
concludes that the first condition
of overcoming existing defects Is
the unification cf the ownership of
coal, the ownership and operation
ot collieries and the distribution
and export of coal.
Propose Gb<*rninent. Ownership
"The powers necessary to brtng
Into existence and operate such a
system," says tlie federation, "are
too large to be entrusted to any
but a public body. We propose,
therefore, that the ownership of the
minerals and the collieries te ac.
quired by the state.''
The federation proposes that the
Industry continue to be run by
"those who today as managing directors, managers, clerical and
manual workers are concerned
with its carrying on." At the top
would be a power and transport
commission attached to the board
of trade (British department of
commerce) consisting of 6 full time
"experts on coal,    electricity, gas,
-».«n«nori commercial   and   labor
questions and a chairman. This
commission would be the final authority in larger questions of policy.
Form Production Council
A national coal and power pro.
duetion council wonld be the board
ot directors responsible for the
actual organization and conduct ot
the Industry. It Would consist of
an equal number of executive ln
admlnlstatlve officials and ot miners and by - product workers
elected by their respective organisation. Thts council would also
Include 2 representatives of the
powbr nndi transport commission
and the secretary of mines, who
would act as chairman. Below
this body would be provincial councils and pit or work committees.
A COnsunicrs' council ls proposed
to protect the public. It would
consist of representatives of employers hnd workers in the coal
ahd power-using industries, municipal authorities, co-operative societies and the body responsible
for etport. This council would
consider all matters common to
consumers Including prices, transport rates and methods, ahd distribution. It would meet with the
coal and power production council
from time to time for negotiation
of prices and wages. Concerning
this the federation says:
Fix Rights of Consumers' Councils
"With regard to wage questions
it ls proposed that application for
modifications in wagee should first
come before the coal and power
production conncil. This body,
however, should not have power to
arrive at any decision. It Bhould
Communicate the fact that an appli.
Cation has b*n received to the
consumers council, and a Joint
session of an equal number of members ol each ol the 2 councils
should be held at which the case
should — stated by the representatives of the workers cbhcerhbll. In
the event of a majority of the representatives of the 2 councils In
joint session agreeing that a change
should be made, they should have
powor to effect lt."
Tn case of failure to reach a
settlement, the federation suggests
the two councils might ttrtange for
a special court to make recomenda-
Hons. Prices would be mutually
worked out tin the harts <_f ascer
tained costs. Such provisions
effectively answer ithe contention
that the workers would use nationalization of the basic industries to blend the nation.
Outline Flnancln*; Plhhs
Descendants of robber barons,
who claim a royalty on each ton of
coal because they own coal lands
granted their remote ancestors by
former kings, will be the only
claimants left out ln the ctilil by
British Miners' Federation plan for
nationalizing the industry. The
federation proposes compensation
for capital actually Invested in the
machinery of production and distribution as well for the persons
whose employment Is temporarily
disturbed by more economical distribution.
Compensation for mines taken
over, says the federation, must be
based on market values determined
either by the price of mine shares
over a period immediately preceding the appointment of the coal
commission or by the average annual profits ot the industry. Owners
would receive redeemable government stock or fixed annuities for a
period of years.
Industry to Fay for Itself
The expense of buying out the
mine owners would be charged to
the nationalized Industry as a part
ot the cost of production. The
miners' plan assumes that the industry will pay its way, eventually
providing Its own new capital for
development. Says the federation:
"There wll be no question of parliament granting subsidies, and
therefore mismanagement will recoil on the heads of those in the
industry, who will suffer economically. Moreover, the consumers
council will be Interested ln the
efficiency ot the industry and may
he trusted to exercise effective
pressure on the Industry to fulfill
Its responsibilities."
British labor's proposals include
the outline ot a thoroughgoing
tonluilMl transformation of the industry along linen developed by
American super-power engineers,
affording a striking   constraat to
the coal operators who can propose
nothing but longer hottrs and lower wages. The miners' federation
emphasises:
Go Into Power and By-Products
"We suggest that the coal Industry should become an organization for the mining of coal, manufacturing electrical power on a
very large scale, making both coke
and smokeless fuel, and producing
In addition gas, fuel oils, ammonium compounds, chemical base materials from tars, and other byproducts.1'
Returning to the big question o'f
who ls to get the savings from such
economies, the federation says:
"There Is a fear that In a nationalized Industry the producers may
occupy an extremely strong strategic position which would enable
them to force unreasonable de.
mands. It is clear that the producers in a publicly-owned industry
have a strong claim for reasonable
treatment, but it is equally clear
that the community cannot normally permit conditions of employment
which the Industry cannot sustain,
or which are unfair to consumers.
It has never been proposed by the
labor government that producers
in a nationally-owned industry
should determine their own remuneration.
Talk Wages Wtth Consumers
"We have taken the view thet the
consumers, if they can be adequately organized—as they can ln
the case of coal and power—might
be the body with whom the producers Bhould, in the first place, negotiate on questions which may In.
volve an Increased charge upon
consumers. This method is the
more desirable because elimination
of waste, better co-ordination, and
the development ot new methods
and processes will we believe re.
ault ln large gains, and the proportion in which thoee gains ahould
he allocated to the producers and
<*■ _n_u*_icr_ can only bo doclded by
.considerations with which only actual producers and representatives
of consumers can be familiar."
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Will   Cure  Your   Rheumatism
Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Cold
MASSAGE A SPECIALTY
PACIFIC  BUILDING
lit Hast. St- W. Phone Sey 8070
H. NEIL
Hand Stole Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
136 LONSDALE AVE.
NO. VANCOUVER   Phone 1181
ih
Hotel Stratford
'" The' Plac'e:,6alled Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
KEEPER STltEET
Phone Sey. MM
P.   GIOVANDO,   JOHN   THA   \
200 Elegantly Furnished
Rooms.
60 Rooms with Private Bath'
Moderate Prices      ..**..,
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE     •
The right arm ot Labor Is a
strong press. Add power to thla
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.'      BH
"Tht Little Stdi* of Big Values"
ROBINSON <& WARREN, Ltd.
1087 GRANVILLE STREET
(Directly Opposite Standard Furniture Co.)
SEE OUR WINDOWS
LADIES' PUMPS
AND OXFORDS
$3.95and $4.85
KEN'S BOOTS
AND OXFORDS
ii
»*.'"■_■ i —a m'm ti iw ri imt ii Mm !■ imk Ihmmm
By Leland Olds.
THE attempt ot safety Bervice di.
rector Read of the U.S. bureau
of minea to whitewash the coal
owners for their disregard ot
miners' lives ls exposed by annual
figures IsBued from his own bureau.
These figures show that in the last
decade there has been no progress
In protecting the country's coal
diggers against hazards. The industry has been more Interested in
undermining the United Mine
Workers, which ls the chief force
fighting for safety measures. Read
asserts:
"The coal mining industry deserves great credit for what it has
done in accident prevention work.''
He is upset because editors have
charged the coal mining Industry
with reckless disregard ot the
lives of mine workers. He Issued
his whitewashh to the National Coal
Association, the employer organization.    Wlhat are the facts?
The fatality rate in 1924, was
1.59 miners per million hours of
exposure in the industry. With the
exception df 1922, we must go back
to 1911 to find as high an accident
deatn fate. The average fatality
rate for the 3 years 1922-24 was
1.56 per million hours of exposure.
This compares with an average of
1.'47 for the 21 preceding years. The
fatality rate lh the last 3 years for
which full records have been pub.
llshed exceeds by more than 6 per
cent the average of the preceding
12 years.
The 5 years 1916-1920, ln which
the miner union was at the peak of
A ——il—.»«■«■ irt».lh.».nm^n.
its influence, #ere years in which
the fatality rate fell far below the #*
average.    The average per million f
hours exposure tn  thdse  5 years 1
was 1.84.      The average of 1.56 In j
the years 1922-24   In   whltjh nonunion  mines  were   forging  ahead
was 1.66 or mote than 16 per cent
higher.   If we picture the Industry
as   manned   by   miners   working
steadily throughout  the year this
means 39 miners killed per 10,000
employed In the openshop   period
compared with 33 per 10,000 in the
period of union dominance.
The fatality rate from explosions
of coal dust and gas in the 3 yearB
1922-1924 when the Industry was attempting to break away from union
conditions averaged more than
twice as high as In the 5 years 1916-
1920 when union conditions predominated. The figures are 0.11
per mlllon hours exposure In the
union period and 0.28 In tho open
shop period. By actual count an
average of 406 miners were killed
in such disasters in 1922-24, compared with 203 per year In the
earlier period.
This striking failure of the Industry to protect the mlher'B life ls
reflected In the tardiness with
which coal operators are adopting
rodkdustlng Ih dusty or gnBeous
mines as well as In their refusal
to make general use of the cooler,
short-flame explosives 'designated
as "permissible explosives" by the
bureau of mines. Last year less
than 25 per cent of the explosives
were permissible.
RED STAR DRUG STORE
"THE MAIL ORDER DRUGGISTS"
We Make a Special Effort to Get -floods Ont hy First Moll
After Receipt of Tour Order
Comet -CwfloVa and -Carrall Vatieoover, B.C.
SICKNESS THE RESULT OF DEFECTIVE TEETB
DR. W. J. CURRY, DENTIST
OFFICE:   801 DOMINION  BUILDING
Phone Sey. 2354 fdr Appointment
DOCTORS are now .recognizing the relationship between dls-
eased teeth and bad health.
Every week or two some physician sends me a patient to
have his teeth attended to, and In the majority of cases the doc-
tor's suspicions are confirmed, and the health improves when the
Dental needs have been supplied.
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, and
this ln turn depend! on mastication.
DR. CURRY combines Long Experience with moBt Up-to-
date Methods.
$.11 —U — IH
Insist On Our Label
VANCOUVER
CREAMERY
■ in   !■■ ii__—fii
Guaranteed Finest Quality
*■*•»■>
See the ,New Model
FORDS
BEAUTY     COMPORT     UTILITY
WE CORDIALLY INVITE YOU
TO VISIT US IN OUR
NEW HOME
CORNER OP
Seymour and
Vancouver *ffljfotor$
Limited
Seyaour 7710
Seywodr TMfo Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Thursday, March 4th, 19
Company Unions in America Banker Sees Capitalism      The Week at Ottawa
By ROBERT W. DUNN, Federated Press
(Third article in company union series)
flTHB Union Paciilc is a typical way Clerks; Lehigh Valley Assocl.
■I* western company union line, ation of Maintenance of Equipment
Ita "Independent'' associations — Employees; Atlantic Coast Line's
ahop craft, maintenance of way, etc. recently Imposed strike-breaking
—Introduced as strike-breaking association of Telegraphers; and
agencies in 1922, use both the the Missouri Paelfle, Northern
check-off for dues and the yellow Paelfle, Union Paciilc and Santa Fe
dbg contract. A certain Hlnes, as- similar bodies directed by company
elstant to the company vice-presl- management,
dent, overjoyed at wage reductions Many of these company unions
accomplished by the plan, declared issue monthly official Journals, sign
in the Railway Review that the agreements with the company, es.
company unions were "the embodl- labllsh constitutions and by-laws,
ment of tbe fundamental Ideals locals, lodges and regular dues,
which lead to pure unadulterated hire business agents and other of-
Amerlcanlsm." The slogan of one ficials, and otherwise ape the regu-
U. P. association Is A Day's Work lar American Federation of Labor
for a Day's Pay, and the other'a la unions' structure which they super-
One Hundred Per Cent. American- cede. Many claim an appearance
lam, either one of which, Hlnes of Independence from the mother
aays, "is an inspiration to every company and hold themselves su.
man to give the best that is In bim perior
%very minute of the time."
Rock Island shop craft employ.
ees    sign   Individual   employment
Through Golden Glasses
Smoking Chimneys as Elysium Fields
to   the   Pennsy-   company
unions which function merely as
company committees.
The Santa Fe company unions are
contracts which force them to Join typical, though their purpose and
Jbt Association of Mechanical and make-up reveal them equal to the
Power Plant Employees and to keep P-R.P* committees ln subservience
out ot regular shop craft unions, to management.   Santa Fe shop as-
Vlolatlon of thiB contract Is con- sociatlons -Were used by the company
oldered workers' resignation from a*** lobbying agents against the How-
the employ of the company. Mlssou- ell-Barkley  bill   ln  1924.       Their
ri Paciflc supervisory officials are by-laws prevent members from af-
Instructed to work with the Me- filiation   with   any   regular  labor
chanlcal    Department    Association unions.   They are, like other such
"with a vew to keeping up Interest organizations,   committed   to   the
ln the association."   They are or. "openshop policy of our employer"
dered to Bee that men under them and  all  members  of A. F.  of U
attend    company    union meetings unions, formerly recognized on the
regularly.   These company officials road, are termed "radicals."
go to  meetings ln  person  to  see In addition to a regular monthly
that    the  workers   confine  them- bulletin   published   by  its  ossocl-
selves strictly to company boosting atlons, the Santa Fe has for several
and Other business favorable to the years   Issued   an   employee  maga*
NEW YORK;—Are the workers of*
the world singing paeaus ot
praise to capitalism? Francis H.
Sisson, president Trust Company
division, American Bankers Assn.,
declared it to the 16th annual banquet of trust companies.
"The cause of capitalism, If that
term may be employed ln its broadest sense, Ib Justified obviously as
perhaps never before,'' Sisson asserted as thb present situation.
"Thousands of smoking chimneys
are monuments to its vindication.
Busy hands are building new temples for its worship, higher stan-
dars ot living attests Its benefits to
humanity, and the Increasing chorus
of voices from the workers of the
world profitably occupied sing its
paeans of praise."
Slsson's address was entitled "The
World Turns Right." Its burden
was that "The erratic wanderings
along by-paths of radicalism and
nationalism have been abandoned
and definite progress along the
main travelled rood toward sanity,
Inw and order, conservatism, under
the Impelling force of economic and
social law, marks 1925 as one of
tlte great turning points in our
period of history.' Sisson would
no doubt include the late British
labor government. La Follette
movement here, and European socialist-coalition governments among
"the erratic wanderings."
I He finds that "The fruits of the
American capitalistic system, which
provides primarily tor the private
ownership of property and the freedom of Initiative, are manifested in
four constantly Increasing wealth,
growing financial power, larger induetrial capacity, harinoutous labor relations, strong banking position, general commercial prosperity, and the living standards ot
our people." He thinks the farmer
better off, quite ignoring the farmers' Aestlessness which even the
dally newspapers record occasoinal-
ly. And he wants government to
stay out of business—free economic
activity—but be careful about speculation.
The situation abroad, he admits,
iB not so goldenly enchanting. He
believes that war debts must be
paid but "Financial systems must
te watched closely for signs of unsound fiscal methods. Above all,
every poslble precaution must be
taken to preserve peace and International good-will.'' He concludes
hoping for a "better ordered world,"
pence, etc., and Btates that "To this
end tlie trust companies of the
United Slates are dedicated and In
associated effort of constantly In-
creoslng efficiency, they are facing
ivlili enthusiasm the double opportunity for service nnd profit which
the hour presents."
(Continued from Page 1)
liar organisations. For some time
this organization worked ln close
harmony with the government ln
the effort to suppress the smuggling
evil. Tbe government loaned this
association one of Ita officials who,
In addition to his regular salary
received certain amounts from the
association. Further than that, the
staff of agents which whs organised was given official status. TheBe
men being granted the powers ot
protective officers with the status
of Customs' officers, and further,
certain of them were sworn In as
Dominion police officers with powers to make arrests.
In passing, we may note that
such an arrangement constitutes a
rather dangerous precedent. Government officials, In pay of the
government, and with government
standing, being under the direction
of a private organization.
After some time it was found
that under the existing law smug,
gllng could not be adequately dealt
with. It Was not an Indictable offence, although the Minister had
tho right to take cases into the
Civil Courts. It had been the practice ever since confederation to
settle depai .mentally practically by
all seizures for smuggling or under valuation,
Some effective legislation wns
sought and last yenr passed by the
House but It Is now charged thnt
such legislation has not been ef
fectively   enforced.    One   of,
officials ts reported to have si
"It   was   not   long   before*
showed us 'his hand' and told us
go slow with tbe seizure; that th
were higher up officials Inters
In same; that we might burni
fingers If working too hard; \
we should read between the |
and   that   we  could  make
money If we were wise, giving"]
as example his own case—owneu
nice suite, a summer resort p!f
in  the Laurentians, and that
salary was not more than oursj
Representations were made I
the government that there were J
six or seven other officers Mj
Blastllon, who, there were reaq
for believing, were trafficking ]
smugglers. I
Thus, day by day, the evid|
Is pouring In. It will require i
ful sifting to know Just wherel
blame lies, but the public will!
doubtedly be right In inferring J
there has been very great ll
indeed, and that certain classJ
crime are dealt with very leny
In Canada.
Riverview Ratepayers']
Association
Meets the 1st and 3rd Tuesdl
nights at 8 o'clock, In RivJ
view Hall,  65th Avenue
Georgia Street.
management,
zine,  given   over  to  boosting the
Workers on 66 or more railroads rood. The management contends
besides the Pennsylvania are wait- that its company unions have re-
lng for the liquidation "of company duced turnover, .improved morals
unions expected by some rail labor and Increased production. It does
officials from passage by congress not mention that they have also
df the new "peace act," Watson- reduced wages and lowered work-
Parker bill.   Some of the company 'ng conditions.   The Maintenance of
unions now used to figlit labor
unions are:
j Southern Paciflc Shop Crafts Pro.
tective League; Missouri-Kansas-
Texas Association of Shop Employees; Soo Line Shop Employees'
Association; Great Northern Associated    Organizations    of    Shop
Way and Miscellaneous Foremen,
Mechanics and Helpers' Association, Santa Fe company union,
claims a membership of 3,500. One
divisional chairman, In thanking
the company for assistance in enrolling members In this pet union,
says the company should consider
Craft   Employeos;   Illinois  Centrnl   It "money well spent."
Association of Machinists' Helpers      (Next article wlll conclude rnil-
and    Apprentices;     Norfolk    and  road company unions, with further
Western Mechanical Dept, Association and an Association of Rail-
facts on other roads, including the
Grent Northern). ,
The Retail Clerk
India Under Britian
(Continued from Pago 1) Jaipur
grieved peasants with prayers for Jnlpur Is a big state in Rajpu-
rellef,  but ils officers  would  not tona.    Its   native   ruler   being   a
listen to these peasant's. minor, It is directly governed In his
And how does t.i_ ruler deal with name  by  British  Officers.    These
public money.    The  following fig- men  have  proved  no  better then
ures will tell tlieir own tale: pcrf-ct autocrats and ti-ynnls. They
Annual Income  -£3000,00.0.0 cancel Mr, It. ci.' Chaudliry, a bona
Annual Expenditure— fide citizen of lhe state having con-
to) Falnce  works    100,000.0.0 sidernblo   property   In   tlio   stnto,
31,000.0.0 without   any    Judicial   trial.   Mr.
15.000.0.0 chaudliry offered to represent his
11,000.0.0 ,.11F0 |,,u  (ha  officer*.  ,11.1 uot o.o»
(e) Hunting       8,000.0.0 acknowledge h!s representations. To
B.111(li Kelgh.eti  the  injustice  Ills weekly
. 'rie\VSp_pii-    was    also    prohibited
Bundl   is   a   still   smaller  a ale ^           (. e ^ .,_ cmuU
whose ruler Is a most conservative ■                 ^.. w.,, mt,,. heIp_d
man of drinking habits.   It spends ,„_'•_._,, gf, ,.„m.y of Ja,pur
less than one pence per head per ._   „____„_,.(   th|,h.   gl.lcvluu,e9   t0
WE HAVE 1500 PAIRS OF PANTS RANGING N
PRICE FROM $1.95.   Every pattern you can imagine.!
Men's Combination Underwear.   Men's Fancy Silk Socks, 3 pnirsl
'   Per suit, from  $1.01)      for   $1.2iJ
Headlight Overalls    are matlel
right >>?..M and .2.251
(b) Motflor Cars 	
(cl Motor  Garages
(d) Kitchen
year on education.     Recently his
chief minister has leased out one
those officers.  .
So, you see, Mr. Editor, we in the
By A. Jumper
The condition of the retail clerk
In Vancouver haB been for the past
20 years a pitiable one indeed. Con.
sidered by tbe artisan as only a
counter Jumper and having the
feeling himself that he ls above the
ordinary worker In social station,
he has been -ground between the
lowering of "Actual Wages'' by the
distributive trades and the heightening of the price of commodities
by Increases given to the organized trades.
Several efforts have bcen made
to organize this class of "Tbe
"White Collared Proletariat'1 without auccess, fpr the reason that
ateady Jobs are—well a meal ticket
and the clerk has become like most
other workers are fast becoming,
a, mere automatic appendage to
systematic production and distribution Instead of having to slice
bacon by hand as Wds done _0 years'
ago, a turn of the handle or a touch
o'f a button now does what could
only be done by experience.
'Most of the goods handled are
already packed and need no weighing. Scales have tables showing
the exact cost of the article being
sold thereby doing away with the
necessity of quickness In arithmetic. The clerk, therefore, has become what may be called, for lack
of a better term, "A Common Laborer.'' The sooner the clerks realize this the better It will be for
them.
That there is the makings of a
Hire organization In this class of
worker Is evident by tbe large meeting held ln the Hotel Vancouver on
Thursday to protest against any
interference with the Wednesday
Half Holiday and the remarks of
appreciation passed regarding the
speech of Dr. Lyle Telford which
was an appeal for advanced thought
and closer organization.
The Idea seems to have taken
root that hours of labor are of vital
Importance, taking procedure over
wage conditions. This Is good for
the retail cleri on the" average gets
the maglflcent salary of $20 per
week and since the necessary wage
for the minimum of comfort for the
average family in Canada is $21.30,
It is obvious that wages cannot be
reduced very much further.
The Trades Union movement
should and must nurse this new
organization for there are more
clerks- than any other kind of
Workers In this city and they have
a propaganda value that cannot be
overlooked. At the moment there
ls the desire to stay away from
organized labor but with careful
handling this difficulty could be
overcome, and when It Is the clerks
wlll be of great use to organized
labor. Strenuous efforts nre being
made to increase the membership
and at present the outlook Is good
and tlle powers that be are taking
note.
Special appeal should be made to
Interest clerks in the I.L.P. because
of special trade conditions their
main hope lies In political action,
and their mental condition at present is better suited for sowing political seed than industrial concepts.
whole district of the state on moit- ^.^ ___._t(._ of ,_-|(i __,,__ Bl.u.
gage for a full term of a country ^ profcc.t1o„ -,c ne*t„er -re0 t0
to a Punjabi capitalist In "eu.of home ,„_ _m, (
i      -is    |i:i ibUdil        -Tlii-    ,*■! till <il_ •*    t   *•
nor exercise tlie elementary rights
Strike in New
York
NEW YORK—(FP)—Twelve thou-
LYNN, Mass. — (FP) — Union
building trades' workers are giving
their labor to convert the three
story building at 620 Washington
street, Into the Lynn Labor Temple.
They will receive shares of stock In
the association that ls to buy the
building.
a lonn of £34,000.0.0.   The capital*
1st will not only enjoy the fruits ^^S^.
the soil and exploit the natural re.
sources of tlio district on nominal
rent  but will  qixerclse  civil  and   12,000 Fumei'S Go Oil
criminal powers of Judicature over
the   population   during   this   long
period.    Can you think  of these
things happening in your country?*
Udnlpur
In this state the British govern- sond New York fur workers aro
ment curtailed the powers of the striking—cutters, squnrers, oper-
rullng prince and set up ills son as' „tors, nailers, Ironers, examiners,
a rival. Tliib son proved a greater finishers, fur cup mnkers, tall and
evil. He got a great selfless popu- hoad makers. All union shops are
lar leader, Mr. Pallilk, arrested and closed by the strike. The three de-
Imprlsoned in defiance of tlle Juilg*. mands of the workers whicli the
ment of the highest tribunal In thai employer association refused to
state who acquitted Mr. Pathlk grant are: 40-hour work week, 3
after a long trial lasting oven per cent, of payroll to be pnid by
eighteen months. He lias now trans- employer for unemployment Insur-
ferred a police officer, dismissed a ance; equal division of work and
magistrate and suspended a lawyer no discharge without cause. Tho
because tbese men would not agree workers also ask a 25 per cent. Into let off the accused ln an abduc-'crease In minimum wago rates.
tlon case, the chief accused being ' The Associated Fur Manufacturers
the brother of a public woman, ini!Inc., locked out tho 4,000 workers
the keeping of the Junior ruler. He 'employed In its shops several days
has appointed several men on the before, the general strike was de-
maglstrncy against who open alleg. !clar^_«*he workers in Oreek shops,
atlons of bribery and adultry ar« whose employers were negotiating
made. But no oction is being taken through another association with
against Ihem. the union, are also on strike.
GRAND    HOTEL
E. CLARK.   J. KANE, Props.
Vancouver, B. C.
A Popular Priced Hotel
Hot and Cold Running Water
Steam Heat
. .*. -.     Newly  Decorated
New Fixtures
Dining Room in Connection
RATES: SOc'Per Bar «d Up
Telephone: 24 Water St.
.Sey. .1492..- Opp.-Union.as. Co.,,.
PIGGLY WIGGLY
(_#*r& 9f2r£d
HELPS THOSE WHO HELP THEMSELVES
PIGGLY WIGGLY prices are constantly low. Every article
purchased from Piggly Wiggly is absolutely guaranteed to
give entire satisfaction or ybui1'* money will be refunded Without question.
nt.
977 GRANVILLE
2715 GRANVILLE
«18 MAIN STREET
2151 41st AVENUE W.
If you buy your suit from us
you will save money,
G.W.G.    Carpenter's    Overalls. Cottonado Striped Work Pants,
Pair  (2.75      Pair   $1.1)5
OUR BOOT & SHOE DEPARTMENT IS TEEMING WITH
GOOD VALUES!
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 CORDOVA STREET WEST
-r-^     TT      .   *'IM»|II*I|  Ulll|l«J_l_T
At Prices That Will Astonish You
You have seen sales at other stores and you have doubtless seen .
good values, lut do not attempt lo compare theso values with
KHM.I'.its.   The values we offer will make your dollar work for
two.
NEAV FOOTWEAR FOR SPRING
While we mention only a few lines we want you to remember
that our stock Is large, and we can fit nny foot with boots that
will give comfort and satisfaction in every respect.
COME IN AND TRY ON A FEW PAIRS
LADIES! Here's
nu extra special
for you. New
Spring Style
Footwear — slippers anil oxfords.
These cannot be
duplicated anywhere else at
theso prices.
Remember, these
are shoes you
can rely upon.
All sizes and
styles to choosr*.
from. Special at
9495 $585
We have a few broken lines of Ladles' Slippers, patent leathers,
seudes and satins, nlso brown nnd blnck calf. Regular to $7.00.
Clenrlng at  $2.95 *™d $3 95
MEN'S FIXE IIHESS
SHOES, black or tan.
This Is a special buy
of sample boots and
oxfords made by Lec-
kies. i These boots are
all guaranteed. The
beBt grade boot you
can buy and strictly
up-to-date. Sizes 6,
O'/i snd 7 only. You
will find these a real
saving. Regular $9
and $10 for .
MEN'S SOLID LEATHER
WORK BOOTS—Tan or black,
plain or fancy too. An exceedingly fine boot; no other type
can even approach them for
quality or durability at the remarkably low   price
of ,.. S3 95
FOR   TIIE   lOCliG   SCHOOL
BOVS—Stout little shoes for
scampering feet. Made to
stand a lot of scuffling and
scrambling. Let the feet grow
as they should. Sises 11 to
13 tf, pair  $$2*75
Sizes 1 to i'A, pair *...^B*95
Kilber's Shoe Store
(The Best for Less) .   .
i63 HASTINQS ST. {_,*      (Almost Opp. the Library)
~m~**>    .

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