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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-10-23

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FWf' jJATIONIST
Seventeenth Year.   No.
Eight Pages.
Fascist: Order Death
Penalty For Striking
ROME.—The council of Italian
ministers controlled completely by
the fascisti, has issued decrees
which place the Italian people absolutely at the mercy of the fascist
Decrees of Fascist Dictators
One creates courts for. compulsory arbitration of labor disputes,
making strikes punishable by
Another unifies the army, navy
and aviation corps under the control of fascist officers.
A third merges the six forms of
civil police bodies into a national
body, wiping out the powers of
municipal and provincial departments and centralizing all police
power in the hands of the fascist
national centre at Rome.
The fourth "reorganizes" the senate, practically abolishing elections
to that body, and making it In
effect a rubber stamp group of
senators appointed by Mussolini.
Barbaric Murderfest at Florence
Ih spite of the severe censorship,
the Florence murders by the fascisti
of free masons, are learned to be
far larger than the fasolst press
admits. Fully eighteen men were
murdered in reprisal for the death
of one fascist who had invaded the
home of a mason without warrant
of law and with arms in hand.
Many of -those murdered were
assassinated under the most brutal
circumstances. Fascist bands
broke into their homes, stabbing
and shooting the men to death
while In bed and in the presence
of their terror stricken wives and
children. In many instances the
house was wrecked and set afire.
Contrary to censored news, the
fascist authorities did not attempt
to stop the massacre, and issued
orders to police and troops to keep
the fascists from being interfered
with by any opposition.
Unemployment Fails To
Cool Irish Militancy
Immediate Requirements
** ^+^^^*aaa^^^^^^mmt^^^^^mmmm ^
Farmers and Workers Must Unite Against Oppressors
[By ROSE HENDERSON, Federal Candidate for New Westminster.]
QNCE again politicians harangue Premier King says:    "What this worth of goods to England alone, tZ^rhamZ hUsT'The g"ove^
the people Of the nation to enst  oountry  needs  is  markets."    Co- and her citizenry were wholly free  ment    prohibited    this    and    th
their votes in   favor   of   one   or operatlon ls the flrst law °f li£e* from unemployment and poverty.
and it is because we have not followed this law that chaotic condi-
DUBLIN, Ireland.—The labor
situation 's acute throughout Ireland. The northern parliament, on
reopening in Belfast, was faced by
a demonstration of the unemployed
who proposed to assemble outside
other of the old parties.
Onoe    again    they    waste    the tions   prevail   in   our   social   and
people's money accusing each other economic life.      The   co-operative
of extravagance and maladininistra- societies of England have a paid up
tion, deceiving and breaking their membership of nearly six million;
promises to the electors.    During suPP°si'-S a wife and three children
election time this has always been to   c0™>   the  family   of   each 'ar^VbUsi"7 I™ ♦        T™ than the Clyde.
their art for capturing rJa, fooT ™**" and we. have a group of f«er« to °btain'°ne. fm loans
tag the people and keeping them 25,000,000  persons. A  tremendous at the lowest P°sslble lnterest= for
ln ignorance ot real Issues.
demonstrators withdrew.
National Banks -when challenged in parliament
Another  pressing  need  for  the by the labor members the cabinet
security  of the  farmer  is a Na- ministers justified their action by
tional Bank, to be backed by the quoting   local   labor   speeches,   in
wealth of the nation.   Such a bank- which it was'declared that it Bel-
ing    organization    would    enable fast became red, it would be redder
Much Unemployment
Belfast has the highest record of
market for the farmers of Canada. the thing wnioh -s strangling pro- un6mpioyment in the British Isles.
A market which is freed from the gress fInancIany in Canada today  In Great Bl.ltaIn the average num-
New Westminster riding, where the Waf? ot tbe """"J m.a"'s ^ t^ST  ^^ "^^  >" °f Unerap,oyed iS twenty-nine
_.._.„.,,.._ „ - u .u ,-'■■■_      u        and fr°m the control of the banks;   "" loan sroups.
electors  fire  nnrn   rurnl  _ti_   nvhon '
Crop Insurance
for this huge movement are Further, the basic industry must
perfectly free from the domination be protected from natures enemas.
of market riggers and high finance. The solution lies in the estabiish-
Kelowna farmers are now shipping ing of a National Insurance against  of work, operations are held up by
     „.v „,„ .„..,„_ .,„„   onions to the co-operative market hail,   frost,   rust  and   pests.    The  a wage dispute which turns mainly
there" Fs "a determination* Trowinjr °f Australla and meeting with dis- principle    is    generally    accepted ..on the question whether unskilled
__.-... ° *-**      SltnnS-    dlln/iaoB fPVi..     •Inniotnn     ...     tl.n , i        *._.... *._. _ _ t *. .        ..      .     . ... '._._.        . . _.    .. I Jt
in  both  these groups to  control
In  a constituency  such  as the
stminster riding, where thc
electors are both rural and urban	
it is imperative that the farmers ™-}Tl\I?^\™A _™*-e ,bUS._
should know the problems of labor.
Workers and farmers hitherto have
been  ptirposely kept apart;   they
have  been  mere   political   scows
towed about by the old parties. Now
in each thousand; in Belfast it is
In Limerick, Ireland, where the
Shannon River electrification
scheme should be affording plenty
their own business and to run it
to the benefit of all concerned.
We are witnessing    today
tin.ct success.   The decision of the against  death,  fire,   accident  and labor on the project should be paid
Ontario, farmers   to   open   trade 0ia    age.      Why    not    insurance more than agricultural labor. The
negotiations with this co-operative against crop failure? German    contractors    offered    32
market is a first step toward pros- shillings ($7.68) a week with free
perity.   Denmark has set the ma- Health Insurance    , lodging in hutments and although
the  chinery of Government to protect Equally Important is the health mg lg more than agl.icultu,*al work-
spectacle of thousands; of farmers tho  co-operative societies  of that  of the people.    We stand for the  er_. are paia in i_imei*ick, organized
throughout Canada being pushed  cenrrttry, with the result that last  establishing    of-   health    services,
off the soil.   How may we prevent   year    the    Danish    co-operative Which  would  assure   every  man.
further such destructive measures? shipped six million pounds sterling, (Continued on pape 5)
Grays Harbor Lumber     Peaceful Picketing Provocateur Exposes
Workers Fight Bosses Is Declared Illegal,     frameupOn Workers
ABERDEEN   Wn.—The growth      CALGARY, Alta. — Apparently      SYDNEY,   Australia.—A   sensa-
of   the   rebellion   of   unorganized  P«a^ful  P*1"""*  °n .the  streets  "°" was eaused f th„e NeW S°U.tb   ItM* and;be """^ f^J* No
of Calgarv is illegal   according to  Wales  parliament  when  an  anti-   quisitioned  to  protect them.     No
ao-txr-rvilll     .irni'lr _}..■__     no-nlno.     1/Mir    Woo-- D        *" '  ...     _ —      — _. . ■_	
labor  opposed  it' as'a  s'tavvation
Strike Solidarity.
The dock workers aro in sympathy with the laborers and refuse
to unload German vessels carrying
material. When the Germans did
tbe work themselves they were attacked and the services of the mil-
a decision handed down by the
appelate division of the supreme
court recently.
friends, exposed a plot  being engineered   on   the   eve of   the last
O.M.S. Is New Weapon
Against Trade Unions
(By Federated Press)
LONDON—O.  M.   S.   is   one of
the   weapons   British   capitalists
1 are forging ip preparation for the
next big labor struggle.   O. M. S.
(Organization   for   the .Maintenance of Supplies), whose council
ls composed of a bevy of unemployed generals, admirals and assorted   lords,   claims   to   have  a
scheme which is already in operation for enrolling potential scabs,
whom it describes as "citizens of
all classes and of either sex who
1 are prepared to reader voluntary
I assistance in maintaining the supply of food, water and fuel"  in
fthe event of a general strike.
Both capital and labor are preparing for the ending  of  the  9
[month truce in the mining indus-
[try.    Ijn spite of the subsidy to
fthe owners the situation remains,
[critical, for the government is attempting to wriggle out   of   the
guarantees it gave to the miners
on July 31 that wages should not
lbe reduced during the period of
the truce.    The miners' union ls
, not going to permit the deduction
, of a cent from the me*n's pay, and
a crisis threatens.
Such tricky dealings are leaving
no doubt as to the alignment of
the government with the employers in the impending struggle.
While O. M. S. is an unofficial
organization, it ls prepared to
(Continued on page 2)
sawmill workers against low wag*
es is alarming Grays Harbor lum
ber lords. The strike, which be
gan  September  28th  in  a  Dono*
va* unit, has spread until it in- J-** Z^t^T^VaZe  state elections, May 30, when La-
cludtn entire day and night crews ^ted   for   picketing   the   Palace                                  '
of   the   two   Donovan   mills,   the theatre, they were tried by a local  hor swept the polls.
Wilson   mill   and   the   Aberdeen magistrate,   convicted,   and   fined.      Kay said two men  in the em-
Lumber   &   Shingle   mill.     Other The unions affected appealed the  Ploy ot the'anti-Labor forces were
little groups are joining the strlk- vision,   with   the   above   result,  to burn  a British  flag  atnth n
ers,  which number approximately Local labor officials are contem-  swear that Laborites had done it.
1,500 men.   Both A.F. of L. and P-a«ng  carrying the  case  before At a b.g meeting of protest the
company union agents are on the the supreme court of Canada,
scene, studying the situation. The The   two   convicted   men   were,
Loyal Legion of Loggers & Lum- when  arrested, engaged  in hand-
bermen (the _-L) is a flourishing ing out notices on the streets ad
labor politiciaft named A. D. Kay,,  German  labor  is  imported  except
who    had    fallen    out    with    his * the highest skilled grade and there
is no objection to the Germans as
blame for burning the flag was
to be charged against the Labor
Kay   said   that   the   timely   ex-
_ompany   union    established ,   by vising Calgary residents that the P°sure of the P,ot by Labor mcn
some employers who compel membership of all in their plants.
theatre   in  question  did  not  employ union help, and stating that
  for   this   reason   union   men   did
C* 11 UVv    X>      l>     'f* n°t Patronize it, and others were
■bail JPOr ran-raCUlC requested  not  to.    The  men  are
Peace CongreSS AsSUred  members of the Calgary Theatri-
____ cal Federation.
SYDNEY, Australia. — Tho Labor Council of New South Wales
at Sydney is sending out invitations for a' Pan-Pacific conference of political and industrial
organizations to all countries bordering oh the Pacific, to be held
at Sydney May 1, 1926. The con«
fevonce is to harmonize the relationships of the workers around
the  Pacific.
prevented it being carried out.
No Revolution Coming
Says Legionaire Berry
Highlights oh This
Week's News
Workers'   Immediate  Needs....
Peaceful   Picketing   Prohibited  \
Record of Canada's Rulers ,...;. 7
A.  P.  of L.  Convention  Proceedings.. ?■
"The   removal   Of   all   obstacles   Pinkerton   As   Union   Buster  3
and difficulties in the way of na-  Left wins Prop**"--***. Thrown Out  6
tional and  international working- BBITISH
class unity" is called for.               Hn,p,m„ploJml"'i in Irf1,l;dv-  J
. .;.                                O.M.S. New Danger to Labor.,  1
~""—"~"—~'~~~~~                   Unity Call Issuod  1
Curst greed of 'gold, what crimes . FOREIGN
thy   tyrant   power   has   caused!—  Fascisti Order Death for Strikers  1
Vi.frii                                                               Shanghai  Boycott Successful  3
''"»"•                                                             Australian R.R.  Strikers Win  3
British and Russian
Unions Demand Unity
LONDON — Representing 11,-
000,000 British amd Russian trade
unionists, and addressing its appeal to the workers of every
country, the joint advisory council
of British and Russian labor,
which convene.1 in London, declares that "the establishment of
an all-lnclusivo world-wide trado
union interantional has become
more than necessary than over."
The joint advisory council,
' ~ whose   report  is  signed  by  Tom-
(By Federated Press) sky,   on   bohalf   of   the   Russian
*• ATLANTIC CITY.—"There is no trade unions, and . by tho lato
room in America for Sovietism and Fred Braml«", on behalf of the
Communism," was the message British Trrffte Union congress,
from the American Legion which notes the ratification of thc ag-
George L. Berry, Major, Legionalre reeme,nt for joint action decided
and president of the Printing Press- upon at the London conference
men's Union brought to the A. F. on April 7. The Russians ratified
of. L. convention. Ho had just ^prll 30, and the British at the
Vrjsjpoken to the Legion convention recent Scarborough Trades Union
in Omaha as the A. F. of L. repre-  congress.
sentative. The     report    summarizes    the
Berry lauded President Green world situation as it affects labor
for his declaration at the conven- noting the increasing attacks of
tion against revolutionary move- the employers a,nd the evil effects
ments and asserted that there of the Dqwes plan. The danger
would never be a revolution in of war is drawn attention to and
America, now—nor at any other the increasing revolts of colonial
time. peoples   against   capitalist   imper-
,   ialsm  and   exploitation.    The  ob
ject of the guarantee pact to Include Germany in a military alliance directed ngainst Soviet Rus-
Patronlze  Our  Advertisers
sia is also exposed.
Send 111 Your Subscription Today, Page Two
Friday, October 23, 1925
Communists' Expulsion
Advocated By A.F. of L.
(By*. Art,Shields, Federated Press)
ATLANTIC CITY—Expulsion of fn*«i.n__*__i_u__ TTniiv
Communists froj»ntl»ft trade, unions ^HWIWUOTOI UlUiy
is recommended by the 45th annual convention of the American
Federation of Labor. The expul-
slonist advice is contained in the
closing worda of a report of the
resolutions committee on that portion of the Executive Couneil re-
Convention Repudiates
Scab Hotels Provoke
Very lively Discussion
(By Federated Press) Blra> Blrfl t.j^aax. 401 Mrtro-
ATLANTIC   CITY.—The   Hotel     polltan Bldf.
and   Restaurant   Workers   Union
Again Purcell's Theme   Amalgamation Proposal protest against the select^ ot- the baans
V^—   ' Hotel Strand of Atlantic City, a non Vancouver, Turkish Baths, Pacific
union hotel, as convention head-     Bldg., 744 Harttow St. W.
(By Federated Press) (By Federated Press)
ATLANTIC CITY.—International,     ATLANTIC CITY.—Two resolu-
unlty of labor was again the theme tions   urging   amalgamation,   the
of A. A.- Purcell, president of the second also making repudiation ot
,   ,.         ...   _-           ■ . International Federation of Trades "the whole program of class nol-     ,,,,.__        _
port dealing with Communist ac-  TT ,        - *   -■■  a   --• -.,       ... * __    ..     with the teamsters' union.
!_ ._. _* ,_     .    iv;' . **.-_.■■_. ,,  Unions and British fraternal dele- lab.oratlon, as exemplified by the      _,_      " . ...
.l..t.ln_    nrxtl     IS     __Vo    tnat    TI.P    Hfl TY1 *-** - " TT*. /_    H_t._.«t_n     nt    +Vlo     art*
gate to the A. F. of L. convention B. and O. Plan, labor banking,
when he rose to reply briefly to etc.," were overwhelmed at the A.
the presentation of a gold watch F. of L. convention. However, the
by the convention delegates. resolutions were not undefended. J.
*__„ ,-.-.. -. --       "» eeneral hand claPplne that V> ^"l81?1"^   °L  «6   Ca"!r Staft who"tesWied"io the'powe.  Empire Cafe, Ve^stlngi St. B,
and does not automatically bring nested    Purcell    showed    many central body taking the floor on the>       o^ .reat-otoato hotels and the
the expulsion  of any Communist hearts warm .for him despite the first  amalgamaUon  resolution   of behlnd ^
for the affiliated national and in- official rejection of his appeal for »M* he was the signer  said the
ternatlonal unions have their own allifilation with..the  international bunding trades movement panic-
tlvities and it asks that the same
action be taken against Communists in the unions that an operating surgeon takes—removal of
the affected tissues.
The eonvention action is advisory
quarters, led to the warmest ses- BICYCLES
sion of all with the exception of tjaskINB A  EliLIOTT,   SOO  Sender
that   when   the   Railway   Clerks Jlstreet W. 1*0 bMt makes ot bicyelee
fought their   jurisdictional   battle "■*' '"""'• f ■
The defense of the admlnlstra- Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
tlon was that it was impossible to minmo /T/u_ai»a\
finn a union hotel in Atlantic City BOOM  (LOGGING)
.  ,..          ■■ ■'-■ f- _■*.    ,.-,._,. H. Harvey, 58 Cordova St W.
and this argument got additional  _ ^-
support from Delegate Martel of CAFE
W Hannah Lund, 934 Birki Biff., gives
ii]>-iiaiiui><M  u.,™».«, ..".v,  .......  ...... . *,„, _.»_.„ „w»  ..__«,.. ...... .v.,.,   instant roll
qualifications limiting the.member-  -™d the sending of a trade, union ntar* »»* been weakened in his  .^^   commlttee    rejeoted    the Sey. 1818.
ship of workers in their organlza-  delegation to the organized workers town by the failure of craft unions ^ wQrkerg reso,utlon lnslstlng
The fight began when the reso-
inatant relief; evening! by appointment.
Little time was spent discussing
of Russia.
to co-operate, one working while
Purcell,  taking the  gold  token another «$»■* and a" 1m^}y
that trade union housing be made
a  part  of future  convention  af
file matter.   Sullivan of the Hotel from   President   Green,   said   he t"Saf'",? !n  -1"ri*dlotlonal  fl«hts;  rangements.    The hotel men said
and Restaurant Workers said the would cherish it as a mark of the Frank Basky of the stone cutters
matter desired serious eonsldera- friendship of the workers of the ™''"i^J!?^* "^^JJ?"
Von.    Ernest  Bohm of the New two.   nations    represented    must real, saying the lesson of the pre-
York office workers and John J. have   for  each   otHfer  and   as   a-v^'s   *ay 1foula, b?   s«f«clent'
—   .    _ .    «   _,.   t    _.*.._._ o„mi,«i  ._.( „,■*.„.._.■,  A,te^ „„ when the railway clerks were prac-
Doyle of the Brotherhood of Paint- symbol that whatever differences • *"
ers took the floor against lhe Com- there might be regarding the speed  ™"'"*       ,„i° :"  V. aJm»,i7
muMsts.   Bohn; declared his local with which we would travel to the   brough a Jurisdictional   ight aois-
ur.Jon had expelled 40 Communists ultimate goal of labor that there ms from cratt union policies.
some years ago.    Doyle declared was agreement that the workers
the painters' Montreal convention everywhere sought that same ulti- NON-PARTISAN POLICY
voted for the   .xpulslon of Com- mate goal of emancipation.
munlst members. 	
there had been failure for years
to carry out a consistent policy of
that kind. Other hotels in Atlantic
City were fairer than the Strand
which ran non union throughout,
they said, though organization was —
not perfect in any of the hotels.
Secretary  Morrison,  taking the Dr.
platform, said he had gone through
the line of hotels in Atlantic City
Dr. 9. a. McMillan, palmer
Graduate. Open daily and evenings. Dawson Blk., eor. Hastinga and
Main,   Phone Sey. 8054.
LESLIE  OOAL  00'T  Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7137   '
W. J. Curry,  801
IS AGAIN ACCLAIMED  without finding one that met the Red  stftr Drug store,  Cor.  Cor-
(By Federated Press) definition of a union hotel. a0Vft and Carrall.
All Former Officers
Re-elected to Office
Hands Off Scab Goods
ATLANTIC  CITY. — Following
Tav«i« u«oj Wortimcfc undeviatinely In the tradltlonal Woman Trade Unionist
leXllie Head tteqUeStS political path of Samuel Gompers, __ - .     ..
Urges Organization
- the convention again acclaimed the
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)  Non Partisan Political theory that
ATLANTIC   CITY.—Union .men opposes the Labor Party idea, but
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 41 Has-
tlngs St. B.	
(By Federated Press)
ATT.ANTir^ITY—The A   F   Of WKSTERN   0LASB   C0-   LTD"   1M
ATLANTIC-CITY—IBe A.. JT. OI   yy Oordova St. W., lew doors welt of I
convention    heard    Elizabeth Woodward's.   Sey. 8087.  Wholesale ant ,
retail window glass.
re-election of William Green and keep hands off the scab products solicits  votes  for  individual  can-
the   entire   Executive   Council   of of the American Thread Co.,. and didates of the major parties and
the American Federation of Labor be ready to respond when called occasionally a third party.   In pre-   Chrlstman   of  the National  Wo-              	
came at the close of a day's pro- upon by the textile unionists who senting this section of Its report men's Trade Union League, tell of HOSPITAL
ceedlngs when the staple policies have been battling this heartless the resolutions committee eulogized  the pitiful conditions of the mil- -qetter BE SAFE THAN 80RRT--
of the A. F. of L. had been re- concern for more than 30 weeks, the results being gained  in  con--jions of unorganized women work- D Grandview  Hospital—Medical,   rarg-
affirmed  with  emphasis  on  poll- This is the substance of the mes- gress   for   progressive   legislation  ers in the United States. _*}\ *»M*«rnlty.    1090  Viotorla  Drive.
tical   and   international   questions sage the A. F. of L. is to send to and asserted that a 15 per cent in-      Half the working women of Am.  '■—— __* _.	
and  more  Jurisdictional   difflcul- every affiliated  body at  the  in- crease  of  pro-labor   congressmen  erica get less than  $14 a week, LADIES WEAR
ties were announced as settled. structions   of   the   Atlantic   City in  the  next  election  would  give said the speaker. Women are hard- Famous Cloak  &  Suit  Co.,   611
Green's re-election was a fore- convention which acted on the ap- labor a working majority. er to organize than men beeause      Hastings West.
gone   conclusion   from   the   first Peal   of   Thomas   F.   McMahon,  ——*  they have the worse jobs and it is Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
day  of  the   convention   nor was President, United Textile Workers     ATLANTIC  CITY, N.  J.—(FP)   an accepted fact that it Is more MEN'S FURNISHINGS
there serious  suggestion  for any Union for the strikers at William** —By general consent of the 45th  risky to  lose a poorly paid  Job w.  b.  Brummitt,   18-20  Cordova1
change in the eight vice-preslden- tic, Conn. annual  A.   F.   of  L.   oonventiop,  than a better one, that the loss a     Street,
cies and the secretary and treas-      McMahon told a maving story  Major George L. Berry, president $10 a week Job throws the work- Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.;
urershlps.   There was no dissect- of violent constabulary and rough Printing   Pressmen's   Union,   was  er in hunger and suffering more MEN'S SUITS
ing   vote   against   the   choice   of shod  evictions  that  smashed  the the   best   dressed   man   in   the  quickly than the loss of a $30 or  c D Bruce LM _ Homer and j^,
Frank  Farrington,   president.   II- furniture  of the evicted families. Steeplechase meeting.    Berry ap-   $40 job and women are thus more      ings Streets.
Unois miners, and William Hutch- He told how the labor movement Peared  to  have  a  different  suit timid about taking the first union W.  B.  Brummitt,   18-20  Cordova
eson, president of the carpenters, of Connecticut and all New Eng- for every session,
as fraternal delegates to the next land had given aid but said the
British  Trade    Union    Congress, support of the entire labor move-
The only election fight was over ment was necessary if this front
the next convention  city,  Detroit line of defense against the 10 per
finally winning by 4,000 roll call cent wage cut was to be saved,
votes over Birmingham.    St. Pet- The 2,500 strikers at Williamtic
ersburg, Florida, and Sacramento are the largest single group re-
dropped out of the race. slsting the 10 per cent wage cuts
—————— that swept both   the cotton   and
It ls useless to go on rearing wqolen industries of New England.
children  ln  wretched  homes and 	
giving them a half-baked educa-
The advertiser is always Inter-
tlon; yet that is what the working ested in knowing where you saw
classes have had to put up with for his advertisement. Just mention
centuries.-Lady Warwick. the Advocate and you'll see.
We C. Scott
Cured of Piles
"\T7ITH0UT pain, surgery or hospital
™ bills, Dr. Totten permanently cured
mo of piles. I had suffered for four years
and if it had not bcen for Dr. Totten I be.
liovo I would never have been cured. A
treatment took 2 or 3 minutes and gave no
inconvenience. If I ever have an ache or a
pain again I am going straight to Dr. Tot-
ton, as I got the greatest satisfaction from
his treatment. He is at 1815 Cardero
Street, 1% blocks south of Davlc. Take
No. 2 or No, S car to Davlo and Cardero."
1740—2nd Avenna  East,  Vancouver,   B.O.
Watch Your
YOUR BYES mean everything to you. Don't
neglect them. If your
vision is not good, if you
have eye strain or headaches, it will pay you to
consult us.
We will advise you accurately. Our prices for glasses,
if required, are very reasonable.
Optical Co.
A. Higginbotham, O.D.
Experienced Ontario Graduate
J. R. Higginbotham, O.D.
Graduate Loa Angeles Medical
College for Eyes
806 Granville Street
Vancouver, B.O.
AU labor Men Patronise Us
But organization  of the poorly MUSIC
paid unskilled workers is a neces- -rn0L1NS adjusted, V0I0BD, MS-,
slty, she emphasized.    The move-   V   paired, by expert.   Will Edmundii
ment must go beyond the boundar- 96S RobBon St.    Sey. 8004.
les of craft to reach these masses OPTICIAN
of the great working public which pltrnan 0ptlcal Hou_e
Include   86,000,000  wage   earners      ings Westj
not affiliated with the trade unions. ' ________ ——
Every avenue for publicity must     PAINT AND ■«•«* PAVELS
be used.   The aid of the Women's Qre«rory   &   Reid,   117   Hastingi
Trade Union League, the speaker     street m^:	
pledged, is  always for the trade RANGES AND STOVES
unions, for the assistance of trade Canada'Pride Range Co., 846 Hast-j
union effort is its whole program.     ings Street East.
Mainland Cigar Store, 810 Carrallj
(Continued from  page 1)
place itself under government in- C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
structions   ln   a   crisis,   and   the
government  itself  is making    its
own  preparations  to  fight  labor,
if   ne?t   spring   brings   a   strike.
The disclosures in parliament not
long ago as to the navy's secret
order Ip relation to the use of the
navy for strike-breaking purposes
are a case in point.
We Have Some Good Bays tn
Cash  Payments  As  tow Aa 0**** \
Phone Sey. 7405      1365 Granville St.
Geo. McCuaig
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Richirdi Street, Vaneonver, B.O.
Sey. 480 , 38 Hastlngi St. B. i
The Electric Shop Ltd.]
Sey. 6789 414 Hastlnga St. W. j
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Haatinga St. East, Sey. 888-678     665 GranvUle Street   Sty. 9818-1881
151 Haatinga Street West Sey. 1370
"BAT R WITH PLOWBBS" Friday, October 23,1925
Page Three
Armenian Workers Are    Threaten To Deport
Progressing Rapidly      Seamen's Union Head
MOSCOW.—Since the establishment of Soviet rule in Armenia
there were great achievements
made in the domain of popular
education, not only among the predominant Armenian population,
but also among the national
For the Kurds were opened
seven schools for children and one
for illiterate adults; for the Turko-
men, 105 schools and 42 for illite-
. rate adults. There were also organized training courses for teachers,
a kindergarten, an infants' home,
and a Turkomen labor college.
Schools for children and adults
have been opened also for the Asy-
rlan inhabitants of five villages.
There are also four schools for
Greeks and 25 schools for Russians. , )
The Armenian Institute of
Science and Art has been opened
this year.
A.F. of L. Declares
8-Hour Day Out of Date
straight   8-hour   day   platform   is
no more as far as the A. F. of L.
is officially concerned for the Atlantic   City   convention   declared
for  a step forward   by  adopting
the declaration "that it shall  be
the policy of the American Fed- ,;
eration of Labor to assist in es-J
tablishing   reasonable   and  advisable  reductions  in  the  hours  of
labor that  eight  hours  shall  be,
tbe. maximum  and   lesser   hours
the general rule."
This declartion for a shorter!
workday than that originally set!
as the goal ot the craft unions is.
expected to give impetus for the
' less-than-eight-hours-a-day move-
meint that some of the unions
have embarked in. Needle trades
unions, the painters and othen
are already working only 40 houn
a week where their organized!
strength is sufficient to enforce!
this rule.
(By W. Francis Ahern, Federated
SYDNEY, Australia. — Arising
out of the strike of British seamen in Australia, Tom Walsh,
president Australian Seamen t
Union, and Jacob Johnson, assistant secretary, are being tried by a
special board appointed by the
Australian government to determine whether they shall be deported because of their support of
the strikers. The board consists
of 3 individuals chosen mainly because of their hatred of
unionism. Many of the large
unions threaten a strike if the
men are deported. The Labor
party announces that if the men
are deported they will be compensated and brought back to Australia when. Labor is elected to the
federal government. The prime
minister was howled down at a big
meeting at Melbourne Sept. 7.
The strike of seamen on British
vessels is general throughout Australia and New Zealand. Only in a
few cases where the majority of
the crew are colored workers have
the . white workers refused to
answer the strike call. About 95
per cent, of the British vessels are
without crews.
Pass this copy to your shopmate]
and get him to subscribe.
76 Hastings East
Late B4th Batt ud 7tnd Batt.
Stay at the
Tha Plaoe Called Home
Oorner GORE AVE. and
Phon* Sey. 0121
200  Elegantly Furnished
80 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Ordera Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Mak* a Speolal Effort to Get Gooda Ont by First Mall
After Receipt of Your Order
Corner Cordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.O.
Australian Strikers Pinkertons Offer To
Beat State Railways       Smash Clerks' Union
Breaklng away from the Moderates, the left wing of the General
Council of Burmese Associations
has definitely formed itself into a
Swaraj (self-government) party.
A manifesto by the new -party
states that lt is not advisable to
boycott the Burma Legislative
Council, and the intention is expressed to run Home Rule candidates for the constituencies, and to
adopt obstructive tactics Within the
Council until the demands of the
party are granted by the Government. The party contemplates
organizing Labor'in Burma and affiliating with the British Labor
Party. Its candidates will take an
oath not to accept any office or
gift from the Government.
Boycott of Shanghai
Inquiry Very Successful
SHANGHAI, China.—The inquiry into the riots and shooting
of Chinese students by police in the
foreign settlement on May 30 last
has reconvened here, but every
indication points to the futility of
the inquiry owing to Chinese refusal to participate. Justice Flnley
Johnson of Manila presides.
Counsel retained by the municipal council has announced that
three Chinese have offered to
testify despite the rigid Chinese
boycott of the proceedings and the
Chinese chamber of commerce
order to Chinese to ignore the inquiry. The Chinese chamber iB
daily running a full page of denunciations against the inquiry in
the leading foreign newspapers.
In the town of Sourashima, near
Lodz, the unemployed crowded before, the magistracy, awaiting the
distribution of doles. The magistrate, to keep the crowd quiet, promised them to begin the distribution and went to the police, from
where he came with a detachment
of policemen. Then he ordered the
crowd, without explanation, to depart. When the workers asked for
explanations the policemen rushed
upon the crowd, swords in hands.
Several persons were wounded,
among them four women (one of
them a 75-year-old woman.)
In view of the hard economic
conditions of the native tribes of
the northern regions of European
Russia and Siberia and the Far
East, the.council of people's commissaries has decided to absolve
the natives from all direct taxes
and imposts. The exemption doe-_
not apply to persons engaged in
buying and selling the products of
the local industries.
Wage increases obtained by Norwegian Trade Unions during 1924
amounted to nearly £1,300,000,
equivalent to about £15 a year for
each worker. Working hours remained unaltered. Real wages in
Sweden during 1924 compare with
those obtaining in 1913 as 121 to
100. The comparison for this
country is about 95 to 100.
(By W. Francis Ahern, Federated
BRISBANE, Queensland.—After
a strike lasting a week, railwaymen
in Queensland have won a signal
victory. During the last week of
August they demanded the restoration of a 5 per cent, cut in wages
made by the Queensland arbitration court. The court refused. The
men then demanded the 5 per cent,
increase through legislative action.
The Labor government refused.
The men then held a stop-work
meeting of protest. The state railway management locked out .the
men until they agreed to give up
the stop-work meetings.
The whole, of the railwaymen
then came out on strike. So unanimous was the strike that all the
18,000 employees struck to a man.
Only 8 persons remained in, and as
these were departmental heads,
they were not called out. The whole
state railroad traffic was tied up
at a given hour.
After remaining on strike for a
week until Sept. 3, all the demands
were conceded by the government.
These were:
Stop-work meetinga may be held
during working hours on reasonable notice. The restoration of the
minimum wage of {20 to $21.50 per
week as on July 1, 1925. The government to ensure restoration of
the minimum generally to $21.50
per week to all employees in the
state working under state awards.
A schedule for clerks.
Not only did the railwaymen win
the 5 per cent, increase for themselves, but they stipulated that
every other worker in the whole
state who Buffered' the reduction
should be given the 5 per cent, increase, in line with the railway-
The railwaymen resumed as
quickly as they came out. At a
given hour, all the services were
started. The strike was a complete
victory for the railwaymen and
demonstrated the power of workers
organized on industrial lines.
CHICAGO.—Every bank ln Chicago is being offered the aid of the
Plnkerton private detective agency
to prevent the spread of the Bank
Clerks' Union, which now has
members m ten Chicago banks and
has at least one Institution organized 100 per cent.
The Pinkerton game consisted of
sending to the bankers, memorandum on the Illinois State Federation of Labor convention resolution
in favor of unionizing bank clerks.
With the memo was Inclosed an
offer to co-operate with the banks
in meeting the situation.
Bank clerks in Chicago are terrifically exploited. There are over
1000 bank clerks in loop banks getting $80 a month. Quite a few get
as low as $60 a month or less than
$15 a week. In the outlying banks
$50 a month is not unusual.
The union sent its president, Joe
Shafir, as delegate to the A. F. of
L. annual convention in Atlantic
City. Shafir, who is employed by
the Amalgamated, is pushing two
resolutions, one requesting the A.
F. of L. to assign an organizer to
co-operate in unionizing banks in
important centres, and another demanding that the convention and
affiliated unions use their power to
insist that all labor banks be unionized.
Ask Any Labor Han.
Housekeeping   and   Transient
Central—Terms Moderate
Under  New  Management
"Bill" Hungerford and M. Cambridge, Propi.
Don't forget!   Mention the  Advocate when buying.   ■>
The decline ln the number of
factory shut-downs during the past
few months was succeeded by a
considerable reversal during the
two weeks preceding September 1,
1925, during which 54 shut-downs
were reported as against 32 during
the preceding half month.
The last two months show a
continuing steady increase in unemployment in Denmark, the minimum figure of 24,824 at the beginning of last month being approximately 10,000 greater than it
was at the same date in the year
The recent strike of seventy per
cent of the iron and steel workers
of the Bilbao region has been made
the subject of arbitration by a
committee appointed by the department of labor, which will study
wages and living costs.
Some 1,500 Italian Communists
have been arrested throughout the
country on charges of plotting
against the state. In Rome During
a single morning 170 were arrested.
Help us by mentioning the Advocate.
A. F. of L. Adopts New
Declaration on Wages
wages should rise and hours fall
as man's productivity increases
but that wage reductions should
never be accepted is the gist of
the declaration of wages adopted
by the A. F. of L. convention. A
supplementary feature is a recommendation to management to reduce industrial waste which tbe
Federated American Engineering
Societies attrlbtue as 60 per cent
to management and only 26 per
cent to Labor.
Editor Frey of the Molders'
Journal is responsible for the incorporation of the theory that
wages should rise as productivity
of mankind advances: the original
report of the resolutions' committee, as read by Chairman Matthew Woll left out this feature.
Frey pointed out that since 1921
federal statistics credit productivity with a 9 per cent advance
while the number of workers ln
American industry dropped 3 per
cent., thus showing that per cap-
ity working-class productivity had
advanced 12 per cent without a
reflection of this gain ln the wage
President Green, commenting
afterwards declared the new position -the most forward that American labor had yet taken on
wage theories and of vital timeliness in a,n industrial era when
giant power and other developments were enhancing productivity.
Big reductions, splendid
values. Begular prioes
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
Oor. Homer and Hastings St.
The Original
Logging Boot
qnlok Sante* for Rapalra
AU Work Guaranteed
■racial Attention to Mall Orden
H. Harvey
EsUbliaked in Vaaeonver ia 1WT
Page Pour
Friday; October 23, 1925
fediknol   ^Qrfr
Address   All  Letters   a*nd
Remittances to the Editor
(% Oknafctan IGabor Aimorate
 '** '"   ■' ' ""	
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, D.C.
Phono Sey. 2132
iiiiiHlum iimiiiiiiiiiliillUiiiiiiiuimiiiiiuilllitiiiiliiti
:; Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
WAR STORIES formulated to
*' inveigle people into the army
during the last European bloodiest, have been exposed time and
again by working class speakers,
writers, and investigators. Now
in their rush to become famous
overnight certain members of the
bourgeoisie aro also telling how
Ihey Ued and why they lied, between 1014 and 1018. The latest
to add Ids mite is Brig.-General J.
V. Cliartcris, war time chief of the
British Intelligence Dept. This
worthy boasts that he wns thc
originator of thc yarn that Germany wns boiling down the bodies
ol her dead soldiers in order to
convert the fats into fertilizer.
The general also states that the
story was started as a piece of
British propaganda in China.
This is another illustration how
our christian rulers lie and villify
when it suits tlieir purpose. If
this yard-stick be applied to Liberal and Conservative politicians
the workers will not go very far
wrong on election day.
% * *
-'TROTSKY has bcen belabored
by tlio daily press ever since
they first heard of him in 1017.
Mniiiy stories have been printed
under flaming captions telling of
thc hugo salary he was receiving
in comparison with the poverty
of Russian workers. A few days
uso the Doily Province stated that
Trotsky was sick because lie had
been working 15 to 18 hours per
day and was suffering from lack
of sleep and proper food. One
wonders whether the sleek, well
fed William Lyon Mackenzie King
or the lantern-jawed Arthur
Meighen will ever work so hard
and eat so little that they will
become sick. Neither of the two
havo sufficient sta inula to withstand one day of real hard work.
Fortunately for tliem ruling Canada neither calls for brains or
* *    »
TJEV. A. E. ROBERTS recently
gave an illustrated lecture on
how modern newspapers are
made. Doubtless the subjeet was
inteinsely interesting, but not hnlf
so interesting as It would have
been had the worthy preacher explained how modern news was
manufactured. For instance, he
might have devoted half an hour
to explaining tlie internal work-
Ings of the Riga news factory
where the news regarding Soviet
Russia is turned out. Anyono who
will give a few lectures on how
diseased brains creato news out
of thin all- will soon become famous.
* *    •
have suffered recent wage
reductions will 1>e interested in
hearing that the cost of living is
on the increase. Tliis, of course,
Is d-iic to unequal freight rates,
and a low tariff. Anyone doubting this can ask cither Jerry Mc-
•Gccr or Harry Stevens.
The Instrument of production
nnd distribution, which mnst be
used co-operatively, must nlso be
owned co-operatively, They can
never again be owned By the individual. They can now be owned
extensively only by small combinations of individuals in the foi-m of
trusts, or collectively by the people
as a whole.—Rev. W. T. Brown.
We cannot bc saved separately;
we must be saved all together.—
Support Your Class Candidates!
DEFORE another issue of this paper is off the press either
one or other of the wings of Canada's exploiting machine
will be ensconced in power, assured of a steady income for
the next four years. In a few days such newly-hatched expedients as freight rates will be relegated to the graveyard of
dead political artifices, while perennial policies like tariff
rate on corkscrews will be carefully put away until next
The sole issue to be considered by those workers who
cast a vote is whether they are content with present social
conditions; whether they are willing to continue toiling for
a daily pittance which seldom does more than cover their
present needs, and frequently less.
It ia not unequal freight rates nor badly regulated tariffs
that accounts for the plight in which the Canadian worker
finds himself. If the grain. "flows west" the workers in the
East will be unemployed to the same extent that there is
increased employment here, and vice versa. That, at best,
is but tinkering with effects, leaving underlying causes untouched.   The cause of the worker's troubles lies much deeper.
Society as at present constituted has nothing to offer
these who work for a daily wage. Our present social order
is founded on the enslavement of the many by the few; a
social system wherein a handful of wealthy plutocrats own
everything, thus compelling the great mass to work for them
and serve them. If a profit cannot be produced the workers
are thrown out of a job and left to shift for themselves. The
needs of mankind are not considered, but whether a profit
can bc realized from the transaction.
The productivity of Labor is increasing by leaps and
bounds. Every year sees the perfection of some new mechanical device which accelerates production, throws more
workers out of employment, and gluts the market. Under
a sane social system mechanical improvements would, be a
cause for joy, but in the madhouse in which we dwell it is
the cause of untold suffering. The worker's task is to make
the machinery of production the common property of all, and
to see that every mechanical improvement goes to lighten
the load of those who toil instead of benefitting a privileged
The candidates of the Liberal and Conservative parties
arc the aggressive champions of the present social order. They
are the representatives of those who profit from private ownership, and as such are partly responsible for whatever conditions obtain. Neither Mackenzie King nor Arthur Meighen
has ever raised a finger on behalf of the working class of
this country. Not one single act of theirs can be pointed to
as having benefitted the workers, but on thc contrary many
instances can be shown where they have spurned the elementary requests of the working masses.
It is to effect a change in this state of affairs that Labor
candidates are in' the field at this election. Their program
has nothing to do with freight, whether it be wheat or other-
Avise. They do not represent the rights of property, but the
rights of men and women—human rights.
There is but one issue before the Workers of this country, and that is a class issue. Shall the present system of
exploitation, with all its attendant miseries, continue, or shall
a change be made. Those who favor retaining the present
system will vote either Liberal or Conservative—it matters
not which. Those who arc opposed to capitalism, who desire
to free themselves and their class from the shackles of slavery will vote Labor. It matters not what particular carmine
shade onc adheres to, it is their duty to support the candidates of Labor. Whether these men will be able to effect
any fundamental change by being in parliament is also beside
the question at this particular moment. They cannot do less
ou behalf of the working class than such living emblems to
buffoonery as, i'or instance, Harry Stevens or Gerry McGeer.
They can expose the hollow shams transacted in Ottawa, and
show thc class character of the parliamentary institution.
Labor had two representatives in the last parliament. There
is no reason why that number should not be increased by a
dozen at this election. Working men and women, it is your
class duty on October 29th to VOTE LABOR.
T IKE his brethren in the Con-
servative eamp, Jerry McQeer
likes to drape himself in the
habiliments of patriotism—a convenient decoy for snaring votes.
But Jerry is not content with
playing one role. Like the serpent in the Lake of Lerna, which
Hercules slew, his political strategy is a hydra-headed affair, capable of sprouting two heads whenever one is cut off.
Jerry would like to appear as a
freedom-loving, rollicking, two-
fisted Irishman, performing the
astonishing feat of being infatuated with the banks of the Shannon, and the British Empire at
one and the same time—a sort of
pocket edition of General Mulcahy. Dancing to tunes played
by Winston Churchill, while masquerading as the prototype of the
Irish race apparently is not regarded as an anomaly by this eminent K. C, who has so successfully converted freight rates into
cold  cash.
Love of liberty ls entwined with
all Irish sentimens. Freedom from
domination was ever the theme
of Irish song and story. Irish
heroes are always those who have
fought and died for liberation
from foreign yoke; but the versatile Jerry, it appears, would barter the time-honored sentiments
of his race for a sessional indemnity, even although his countrymen never regarded riches as the
escutcheon of valor.
Jerry does not belong to the
vintage of patriots who bespatter
battlefields with their blood. His
gladiatorial propensities tend
more to the bark then the bite.
From his campaign iiterature we
gather that in 1914, when the
call to arms rang out, and patriots were rushing to retrieve
"bleeding Belgium" from the iron
heel of the Teutonic "Hun,"
Jerry betook himself to the safer
if withal less spectacular task of
saving British Columbia from
the machinations of Billy Bowser.
The two-fisted Irish pro-Briton
had eschewed the manly sword
for the fish-wife's lance—the
But the precocious Jerry kept
his weather eye open for future
eventualities." In 1918, the year
in which a kind providence, aided
by Bolshevik propaganda in the
Germany army, ended the war,
Jerry enlisted "despite the pressure of his private business, his
public life, and the pleasures of
his home," as his campaign literature puts it. If khaki garb
could procure social standing
Jerry was going to get it, even
although it was by the back door
route, a*pd after danger was over.
Yes, the patriotic Jerry "Joined
up," but not for the allegedly
chivalrous purpose of saving
French and Belgian maidens, nor
for the grim but glorious task of
"ending all wars." Jerry, the
scion of a freedom loving race,
was in the Siberian Expeditionary
Forces, recruited for the purpose
of imposing the tyranny of czarism on the Russia^ people. When
his country was In danger (according to his own tenents) he
wasn't there, but he jumped in
with both feet when it became
the mercenary task of aiding
Churchill to yoke the Bussian
workers to the despotic rule of an
absolute monarchy.
Truly" this Irish prodigy, like
the Wlzzard of Wales, is exceedingly versatile—a necessary quality in a good politician. His actions reveal him to be one thing,
his election poses another.
•T<HE United States has excluded.,
Mr. Saklatvala as an undesirable visitor, and it is a nice question whom she has Insulted.
There is Mr. Saklatvala himself;
there are the people of Battersea,
who chose him as their representative; and there is the House of
Commons, in which he sits. But
for our part we incline to the view
that Mr. Coolidge and Mr. Kellogg
have dealt the deadliest insult to
the people of their own country.
Convinced themselves that Mr.
Saklatvala talks dangerous nonsense, they none the lesB believe
that the citizens of * the United
States are likely to fall victim to
his eloquence. Like every form of
censorship, this exclusion* proceeds
On the assumption that most men
are children whose judgment is not
to be trusted. But in that case,
what becomes of Mr. Coolidge's
constitutional authority—for it was
these same children who elected
him. But the statue of liberty
still stands proudly on guard over
New York Harbour. It is the
touching practice of mankind to
raise monuments to the dead.
—Mattl leeond Mondty in tk* montk.
Pnildont, J. B. Whito; oooroUry, **• H.
Neelandi.    P. 0. Bo* »*_.	
111, tit Pondor St. Woot. Buiineu
mooting! lit ond trd Wedneiday even-
in|i. B. H. Neelandi, Oboirmtn; B. H.
Morriion, Soo.-Tmi.; Angua Maolnnlt,
8544 Prinoo Edward Stroot, Vanoouver,
B.C., Corresponding Soorotory.
Any dUtrlct ln Brltlih Colombia do-
siring information ro •oonrinf speaker!
or tbo formation of looal branoboi, kindly commnnloata with Provlnolal Soontary J. Lylo Tolford, 634 Birki Bldg.,
Vancouvor, B.O. Tolophono Soymour
1382, or Bayvlew 6630.
Moot) ucond Thunday ovory montk
in Holdon Building. Proiidont, i. Bright-
woll;   flnanolal  loorotary,  H.  A.   Bow,
ron, 781 18th Avo. Bait.    ■
28—Meeti.flnt and third Frldaye ln
tho month at 145 Haitingi W., at 8
p.m. President, B. K. Brown, 3637
Charlei St.; secretary-treasurer, Georgo
Harriion, 1182 Parkor St.
—Looal 182—Mooti ovory Wednesday
at t p.m., Boom 108, Holdon Building*
Proiidont, Oharloi Prloo; buiinin agoat ■
and flnanolal soontary, F. L. Hunt; re-
cording iiorotary, J. T. Venn.
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of 11.—
Mooti in G.W.V.A. Hall, Soymour and
Pondor Strotti, looond Sunday at 1*
a.m. Pnildont, E. 0. Millor, ttl .Nol-
■on itnot; iccntary, E. A. Jamloion,
ttl Notion itreot; finanoial seoretary,
W. E. Wllliami, ttl Nelion Unit; or-'
saniser, F. Fletcher, ttl Nelson atroot.
UNION   OF   CANADA—Hcad«iarton
at Roomi I, I and T, Flaok Bulldiif,
IIS Hutingi Street W , Vanoouver, B.O. ;
Tel. Sey. Iltl. Pnildont, Bobert Tktaj
Vice-Preildent,   David  Gilloipie;   loa'f,
Treaiurer, Wm. H. Donaldion.   Vlotoria
Branoh,  Boom  11, Green Blook,  Broad ,
Stroet, Vlotoria, B.O.   Pkono HOI.
Preildent, B. P. Pettlpleoe; vloepna-
ident, 0. F. Campbell; leoretary-trou-
urer, B. H. Neelandi, P.O. Box II.
Meeti lait Sunday of oach montk at I
p.m. in Holdon Building, 11 Haitian ■•
UNION,   No.   418—Proiidont,   S.   D. J
Macdonald;    leeretarr treaiurer,   J.   M.
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   lit.    MooU   Ust-j
Thunday of each montb,
jEahor Afcuorat*
With Which Is Incorporated
By tha Labor Publishing Oo.
Businoss and Editorial Offloa
1129 Howo St.
*__ ■  ' .i   ii i.ent. ,,'
Tho Canadian Labor Advocate Is a non-
factional weekly newspaper, giving sews .
of the farmer-labor movement In aotlon.
Subscription Rates: United Statos and
foreign, $2.60 per year; Canada, |2
per year, $1 for six monthi; to unlona
subscribing In a body, 16o per member per month.
Member Sho Federated Pnsi and Tho
 Britiih Labor Praia - Jay, October 23,1925
Page lftve
Immediate Requirements
(Continued from Page 1)
an and child of medical at-
»n at the lowest possible fee.
oo many cases of chronic intern and Insanity are due to
nability of the sufferer to settle necessary early treatment.
National Debt
per annum, waiting for the next
war, while the man who fought in
the trenches walk the streets
Old Age Pensions
Millions are spent by the Militia
Department  for   purposes  of  destruction,  yet  thousands  of aged
men and women are without means
John A. MacDonald deplored  of support; those who haVe given
.tlonal Debt of his day, which their  whole strength to the pro-
nted to forty million dollars, duetion of the wealth of this coun-
his  day we have  had  the try are In old aee ,lvlng in penury
nate administration of Liberals or are dependent upon some one
Conservatives, and have tried else- Canada ls pending $100,000
Inds of tariffs, both high and uP°n Caa<st training.   Would it not
, still the debt has increased. be better t0 SDend this sum upon
ay it stands at the enormous P«»ioii« for the aged and to sub-
jre    of    $2,417,000,000;    every sldize the Provincial grant to de-
len has over his head a debt of Pendant mothers?
p, which means for a family of
! over fourteen hundred dollars.
Decent wages under decent conditions for ALL workers.
Decent houses and healthy living
Your right to the wealth you
create and the privileges you
make possible.
The child's right to be cared for;
to be protected; to be kept at
Pensions for those who have
worked; help for those who
are sick or who sustain injuries.        *.
Work for EVERYONE.
Then vote Labor. Labor cannot
give all these things at once,
but these are the things labor
stands for, and wil eventually
get.   Every vote counts.
It was the farmers  of  Ontario  jp YOU AKE AGAINST—
who first decided to elect to the
the  old  politicians have  no House of Commons a woman.    In
tion to offer.    Still there are the   last   Federal    Election    Miss
Agnes  McPhail   actually  defeated
e unemployment, more youths Premier Meighen.   Let the farmers
skilled labor migrating to other of B.C. show themselves as wise in
tries.    Recently we have wit- their day.
led the spectacle of 600,000 of —
ada's youth going out of one Railway Clerks' Union
r into the U. S. A., whilst the , _ . _,     - _
Itlclans have brought in through      OUSted 1. Tom A.J.. OI L.
ther  door   millions  of  dollars __________________!
Wed from Wall St.; not to pay
National Debt but to pay the
rest on the debt.   The unpleas-
(By Esther Lowell, Federated
ATLANTIC     CITY.—Suspension
truth  ls  that  our  politicians  from ^ Amerioan Federation of
been handing over this nation .   . _  .   . .
Labor   will   be   accepted   by
grand executive council of
Brotherhood of Railway & Steam-
ship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Ex-
anadataces today a tremendous presfl Bmployee8 rather than sub-
Mem ln her unemployed. mission to the A. F. of L. decision
ither  of  the  old  parties  have   giving the  Brother of Teamsters
tie V. 8. A., which already domi-
fzs Canada financially.
The slums of our cities and the
slums of our rural districts.
The poverty in which a large
percentage of people live.
The tragic unemployment in the
old countries which fore-
, shadows what will happen
Child slavery, not only abroad,
but on this continent.
The exploitation of and interference with the people of other
Doles for the poor who do all the
useful work, and dividends for
the rich who -do no work.
Capitalist wars which the workers have to fight, and for
which they get NOTHING.
Then vote Labor. Labor is
against all these things.
jttloned this, nor have they sug
[ed a solution.   Last year Can
Chauffeurs, Stablemen and Helpers
jurisdiction over railway    express
imported  nearly $700,000,000   art-vers, the delegation of the Rail-
|th of goods, all of which could  way clerks to the    45th    annual
been produced in this coun-  A>  p. of L. , convention    believe.
Convention Denounces
Yellow Dog Contracts
—Yellow  dog contracts  were  at-
thto wo^^avVprovidedVm-   The"'ciMk^' Velegatio7*gave"this tacked by John P. Frey, PH**"-"*
ment for  4.000.000  Canadians  ™lnlon   „ a written statement to  Ohio   state  federation  "«d   editor
wage of $1,200 per year; and   the  press after the 45th    annual of the Molders' ™*n Jo««U. a
allowed atSthe same time 40  l^.Tf I convention had approv-  the   46 th   «*«aconv*ntiono
'cent, to the management for  fd the report 0f its committee on  the  American  Federation   of La-
Kits and overhead charges. Such  executive council's report. provid-
bor.    A    resolution    offered    the
ub anu overueau ^6*»* =»™ executive council s r.^- . ***■«■ -- conVentlon   Dy   the     International
fesmanship   would   have   been ing that the Clerks' union shall be the
[thy of the ballot of the people. 8Uspended by the A. F. of L. if the Molders           ^  p ^ ^ ^ ^
**, menace of unemployment is clerks* executive   board  does  not ^ oonti.actg by hoatUe em.
nring daily, men are becoming within 90 days take steps   toward ^^    gtate    federatlons
pnerate,     homes     are     being turning organized  express  drivers *         ;,-.,_ „,.,_ __-_* _„■—._ ,„_._
kens  are  being  forced  to  eke
fan existence in slum conditions.
Peace Bureau is an important
are     obi«b   turnlng orgamzea  «uu»i-™».   - pregented in 0hlo and Illinois leg-
tap   up.   children  are   leaving  over to the Teamsters. islatures should become the model
ol to seek work, thousands of      B  y  Badley of tho clerks said fQ_, trade union guldance in other
that   his   union   didn't   go   after states
craft expressmen but only    those ^^  related  how  the    Unlted
employed in railroad express work. sho_   Mach,nery  Corp   ln  Massa.
"Aren't there organiaztions m the chusettg. lntroduced these individ-
er for consideration.   A pledge  a. F. of L. with jurisdictional dis- ^ contracts whereby the worker
iromote  peace and to protect  putes for years and their charters slgng thaj. ^ ig nQ(. ft unlon mani
nation    from    future    wars  are not yet suspended?" he asked, w...  ^  beoome  one   and  lf  he
id be asked of every member  without mentioning the Carpenters do(js that he forfeits hls job- jja-
to Ottawa.   There is need for  Wh0 have defied A.  F*  of L. ef- chinists empi0yed by the corpora-
establishment of a peace de-  forts to induce them to return to tl(m struck against the yellow dog
fcment which would carry on re- the    Building   Trades   Dept.     A contracts.    The Massachusetts su-
|fch work, which would find out r0U  call  vote  showed   23,845  for preme  court finany    ruled    that
lay bare the cause of war for the   committee's   report  and   the such  a atrlke against these con-
flic discussion.    Under  such a ultimatum   to   the   Clerks;    3895
cy according to Lloyd George, against.                                        B _»«____________»
would   vanish   under -the      jj_ -y. Harper of the Clerks told Metal    Trades    Association    and
Eiering contempt of humanity." reporters that his union attempt- other employer organiaztions were
(re ls a Department of Militia, ed t0 organize all the workers in using    individual    contracts    for
not a Department of Peace?  one  division of the transport in- union-smashing a*nd  warned    the
Minister of war, why not a min-  dustry and' was in a sense Indus- convention of their danger.    The
of Peace whose duty it would trial  as compared  to  the Team- resolution  went to  the  executive
I to educate people in ideals of sters'   union,   which   is   built   on council for further action,
se,  and  to  foster   good   will oraft lines,
>ng  nations.    That   we  might 	
recourse to arbitration, mak-
tthe declaration of war impos-
until the, causes have been
nitted to the public for discus-
[ and to a Board of Arbitration.
tracts   was   illegal,   Prey   stated.
He  asserted  that    the    National
No Objections Made
To "The Funny Place"
ATLANTIC  CITY—(FP)*—  Endorsement of the British seamen's
and firemen's union for its fight
against radicals was glvep by ad-
(PP)   option  of a resolution  introduced
the  un-
Say you saw It advertised in the
,      , ATLANTIC   CITY,   N.  J,
the   people  of  this  country F_ by the seamen,_ deIegation
p of again being thrust into /" _°     hfinrd nlentV 0f «™w   Furuseth  attacked  th,
i^W^^"^-"^"^^"^^^ official   strike   that   British   __„-
!y of peace is a policy of san- Protest   °i&  the   convention   hotel
eeonomv and constructlveness selected,   no  kick   was   registered men fut "P ^<"nst the wage cut
econorny and constructlveness. ^ ^ -^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ accepted by the unlon.
Beturned Men of steepleohase Pler for the con-
,e  tragedy  of   the   returned ventlon halli   The entrance of the
ler calls for an Investigation of pler  ls guarded  by  two  gigantic
whole system of pensions and w00*aen   soldiers,   toy   brand;   a               —	
settlement.   Heroes walk the huge  grinning face  is  above  the their     perspectives     considerably
ets;- their   families  are   being do0r;   and   the   motto:     Steeple- warped  whe,n entering convention
ed   into   congested   and   vile chase—The Funny Place, is bold- hall   If  they  chanced  to  gaze  in
,s; whilst other well to do mem- iy   lettered  beneath  the  grinding the   usual   concave-convex   mirror
of the army receive pensions welcome.    The sides of the con- which entertain    earlier    summer
of all proportion to the ser5 vention   hall—outside—are  decor- visitors to the  Steeplechase  Pler.
is they rendered during or since ated with  the  inscriptions:    The And   one   should  not fail  to  see
close of the wr.r.    There are Funniest Place on  Earth.    Inno- the  happy animals running from
rteen generals in Canada draw- eent  Fun  and    Amusement    for Noah's Ark along the roof of the
salaries amounting to $90,000 Young  and  Old..    Delegates  had A. F. of L. Convention Hall.
gY the increased business we declare our
sale a real success.
Greb Work Boots, tan or black.
plain or with toeoap; until Saturday   evening    $4.80
Men's Leather Work Boots, 6 to
10  .'.... $3.46 and $3.96
Children's Kneo Gum Boots, 5 to
10%      $1.96
Flannelette Blankets, grey or
white,    por   pair—10.4,   $1.90;
11.4  $2.26;   12.4   $2.76
Mail in Tour Ordors.
Men's Military Grey Work Shirts
—Sizes 14% to 17%  9b
Men's Irish Sorgo Pants, f* pockets, belt loops, cuff bottoms;
per pair   $2.86
Muleskin Work Gloves, extra
strong;   cut price   36c
THIS is an opportune time
to purchase Footwear for
Fall and Winter wear for the
whole family.
The Imperial
Shoe Store
Get Wise Save Money
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's   and   Boys'    Furniihinn,
Hats, Boots and Shoes
Between   7th_ and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair. 14
Men's, Women's and
Children's Shoes
Lots to choose from, and all
genuine bargains.
Opp. Standard Furniture Co.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W., Vaneonvsr, B.O.
Telephones: Seymonr 8868 aad 6887
YfjTHEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will   Cure  Tonr  Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
741 Hsstings St. w. Phone Sey. 2070
Specialist in Trusses for Men, Women,
Ohlldren and Infants
Phone Sey. 3820
969 Bobson Street, Vancouver, B.O.
28   Years   Established   ln   Vaneonver
Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 23E4 lor Appointment
T CAN remember when chloroform, ether and gaa were the sole
agents used to reduce the misery attending dental operation*.
About ton years ago NOVOCAIN was introduced, and it Is safe to say
that this is one of the greatest boons to humanity yet discovered, and
makes Dentistry almost a pleasure. It is a great thing to say truthfully:
"Those extractions, fillings, or removing thiB nerve, will not hurt."
With the use of Novocain, work can bo done thoroughly, time Is saved,
and the cost is less than before.
■AUR eye examination is as
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
Entrance «so Hobson St.
Phone Sey. 89S5
I r
Headlight Shirts-
Light  blue     $2.25
Dark blue ....**  $2.00
Made  coat shape.
Headlight     Overalls — Striped
and  dark blue,  high back.
Headlight   Combination   $5.00
Hansen   Sox—Special    50c
No.   3%      «5c
No.   4    .*    75o
No.   5     85c
Stanfield's   T.'nder wear — Per
Green Label   $1.75
Red Label     $2.50
Blue Label   $8.00
Black Label  $1.00
Rain-test Clothing, Shirts and
Headlight  All-Wool  Grey
Pants .:.  $5.50
Carss All-Wool  Grey Pants—
Pair   $7.00
Mack^aw   Shirts -   $7.50
Mackinaw  Coats,  $7.00,   $8.00
and       $».00
Overcoats up from  $12.00
Friday, Oetofcer 23, lj
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H.
Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Convention Throws Out
Left Wing Proposals
By ART SHIELDS, Federated
ATLANTIC CITY —  (FP)—Recognition  of Russia, the proposal
——^——— of the._Anglo-Russian Unity Com-
MEWS from one of the coast- the only organization working mittee for a world trade union
wise vessels is to the effect steadily in the interests of the congress to arrange a plafli for in-
that Brother Alec. McNaughton seafaring men sailing from Brit- ternatlonal labor co-operation and
has had a severe accident, which isb Columbia ports. Next month the resolution for a Labor Party
has caused an injured spine. Ac- (November) promises to be a re- officially sponsored by the A. F.
cording to the report at hand, coru ior tbe Federated Seafarers' of L. were all three approved at
Brother McNaughton fell d'ow*n Union of Canada* It is lip to the the Atlantic City convention of
the hold of the S.S. Griff oo. He members aboard each vessel to the A. F. of L. And it is doubt-
is in tho hospital at Anyox, B.C. -'ee that every one of their ship- fill whether these left wing pro-
The membership • hopes he will mates carries a Federated Seafar- Posals have been assailed in more
have a speedy recovery. ra'   Union   membership   book,   or harsh   language  at  any  previous
 , help  to   explain  the   good  work convention.
Another member of the Feder- tnat the union has done in the The report of the resolutions
ated Seafarers' Union of Canada past an<^ what can *?e dolw to get committee on the Russian recog-
has been in the hospital at Vic- tetter conditions in the future nition proposal was a declaration
toria and is discharged as fit, al- ^y' ue6otiations representing ev- of aggressive enmity to the com-
though not altogether well. He ely sallor' ^aman and cook or- munist philosophy and the Rus-
is Jamie Welsh, .a well-known 6anlzeii in tne Federated Seafar- sian government it controls. "The
sailorman around' the port of Vic- ers' Unlon oi Canada. The ves- American Federation of Labor,"
toria, sels  of tne  Coastwise  Steamship says the report, "declares its hos-
  are almost one hundred per cent, tility  not  merely in  a  defensive
organized, as is the Kingsley Nav- manner but in a vital and aggres-
Whaling Company's vesael'f«on Company vessels-go with sive mariner." The next paraded tn viPtn-.n J th„ iBt-l the »«•*•*"■?• An organizing cam- graph goes so far as to commend
paign will be in operation from tor its courage in refusing recog-
the beginning of the month. Non- nition the American government
union men should remember that whose administration chiefs^ were
it pays to become organized. Many oppost-d by* labor in the'li<24
non-union men have beep backed campaign.
out of vessels in B.C. through not WUUam Green. takine the flooi.
carrying a union card.
spoke  as  emphatically against  a
diplomatic    rapproachment    with
Captain Miller of the "Canadian Russla as  ha(J    hla    predeCessor
Skirmisher,"  evidently  reads  the Samuel Qomeprs.    He denounced
"Advocate" once in a. while.   The the  RuBslan institutions as auto*
Three   more   of  the  Consolida*
returned to  Victoria at the latter
epd of last week, namely, the S'.S.
White,   S.S.   Black   and   the   S.S.
Brown.     The   crews   were   more
fortunate than  the  crews  of  the
S.S. Green and S.S. St. Lawrence,
which did not catch many whales.
The  "White" had  68 whales, the
"Black" 57, and the "Brown" 51.
There is a three-dollar" bonus on
euch whale  for the seamen em-
Ployed as A.B.'s. The firemen wrUer "met the Captain Recently ^"^J^^^LT"^
have a flat rate of wages. The ln the Vanoouver a^mng offlce, ?£uo^ _uTSf saW that he
orew of the "White," therefore. and he enQulred wbetbw\ wrote J"d ^o oblectSn to Jhe Russian
have the honor of being the high   the reDort which aooeared in the ,"    oDiectl°n l°  tlne Kuss,a"
boat   whicli means that thev will appeared in tne  people   preferring   their   form   of
have T bute?Tv Inveio,.! .^f "Advocate" concerning conditions eover„me„t if they desired, but
any of  tLfotheT crewt   Three °n the "Ski™lsher'' l re>lie« * would   fight  attempts  to  change
mo^-e   are   due   to  __7_  at   an! the a"'Irnlatlve. Pointin* out tnat   American institutions,
moie  aie  due  to  arrive at  any  we reoeived the report trom one
moment,  the S.S. Grant and the o£ the crew and publighed lt a0.
S.S. Blue.    As this is being writ-  cordlngiy
r.r..^. °_-7-t.7. ^r_m-'t_ ^ - »»■■ ****
need for the class struggle. Here
Earlier in the morning, In the
Labor  Party  debate,   Green   laid
down   his   patriotic   articles   of
'There is no
The  average   for  the  amount  of the benefit o£ the weWi ■ He ad.
tme that the vessels have  been mitted havl      reCeived    a   com- „,„„    ...   n
away will not  be as good as it plaint frolh two members of the evwy cittoen
was last year.   Some of the boata """*   °"M™
is    sovereign
every   sovereign   a   citizen."
crew  apd  that  it  was  adjusted. declared that all needed ref0rm8
had been sailing on coasting ves*
sels at a flat rate of wages.
The membership of the Feder-
have a representative of the or*
ganization  here all the time, In*
stead of a weekly visit from the be^  'j  "^ ~tey/   ~h"0" were ln
Vancouver      delegates.      Several
members of the former I.L.A. who
are compelled to work on vessels  vlg~ & ^ ^
sailing out of Victoria have stated
that, as the Federated Seafarers*
could be brought about   by   the
Flatly oposing the Labor Party
program  as  a    present    course,
will not make as much as if they a£ter whlch he e3Cpialned how he
treated  the   crew  of   the   "Skirmisher."
To give Captain Miller his just
ated Seafarers' Union of Canada dUe W6 *** ""* h6 d°M ^ Green ""said" that "the" failure of
atea aeatarers U,plon of Canada th sallorB b tter than most „.._... with the back-
in -Victoria   are   trying   hard   to c  „  M   „    ffl fa f   t we Senator LaFollette, with the back
u u- m* M- wnoers. in laci we lng of Labori on ^ independent
have seldom heard of any skip- tlcket was a leSBOn that labor
pers of that fleet visiting mem... ghould no(. repeat such a oourse.
The proposal for world trade
hospital, but Captain Miller has unlon unlty was denoun0ed in
been to the Vancouver hospital to muoh the aaine t6rms as that for
Russian recognition.    The    com-
If there were a few more men mlttee*s    reporti    however,    con-
Union li iho onlv union that is "ke CaPta'n MlllOT lB °harge ?f tained the interesting news that
union  is the  only union that  is c   Q   M   M     essela there wouid workers have sent us
taking interest in the seafarers be , oomplalnta of 8eamen ^J^J^^^'JE
sailing out of Victoria, it ls their be,ng 8tarved,
intention to become members and 	
place Victoria on a well organized
basis. New fittings were added
to the branch hall, which is situated at Room 11, Green Block,
1216 Broad street, Victoria.
Brother Herbert Doyle, who was
appointed as delegate to the
"whalers" at Rose Harbor, B.C.,
where the  "White,"  "Black"  and
a message urging our sympathetic
consideration of the proopsal contained in this resolution." Re-
Delegate W. Morgan was very plying to this appeal the commit-
successful in organizing many men tee announced a Monroe Doctrine
aboard Canadian government ves- for American labor against "ag-
sels owing to the activity of the gression by propaganda."
uuion In exposing the disgraceful "The Pan American Federation
conditions existing aboard C.G.M. of Labor," continued the report,
M. vessels. "is the  recognized    international
■ labor movement of the Americas.
We have some more news from Through it the American Repub-
Rrown-'were'operating'Trom, did "»• C.G.M.M. vessels for the next lies give expression to the aspira-
some extra good work on behalf '^ue   of   the   Labor -Advocate- tlons and ideals of    their   wage
of the union when the ships were the paper that ls doing its best earning masses and the American
paid off.   His interest in the un- to further the cause of the sea- People  are  determined    that    it
ion on behalf of the entire mem- ^ors  in  conjunction   with   the shall so    continue.    Neither   the
bershlp  was very valuable owing Pederaed Seafarers' Unio,n. . red Internationale    of    autocratic
to his popularity with the crews                  Moscow   nor f"*   other   interna-
of the vessels he came in contact      Many Victoria members of the tionale   may  in   complacency  ig-
with.    When    nominations    open former  LUA.   were  greatly  sur- nore this definition of American
for   officials   of   the   organization  I**™**  to  learn  of  the  death  of labor policy.' 	
next   month   Herbert   should   be  the   late   Brother   Tom   Bauldle. 	
nominated. Without doubt he Is 0ne of them stated that he was "One man with an idea in his
fully capable to fill any of the "shipmates with Tom 45 years ago, head ls in danger of being consld-
exeoutive positions as a loyal when they were put in Jail ered a madman; two men with the
member of the Federated Seafar- through assisting the Australasian same Idea in common may be foolers' Union of Canada. He assist- Seamen's Union, of which he was ish, but can hardly he mad; 10
cd very much  in collecting over a member at that time. men sharing an idea begin to act;
one hundred dollara in dues. Oth-                  100   draw  attentions  as  fanatics,
er members should take *note and     Members are urged to take out io00 and society begins to tremble,
100,000 and there ls war abroad,
vocate. One dollar ($1.00) for ana the cause has victories tang-
six  months,   two   dollars   ($2.00) n>ie and real—and why only 100,-~
tako the same interest in the af- subscriptions  for  the  Labor  Ad
fairs of their organization
A visit was paid to several of for a year, and the paper is de-   000?    Why not   100,000,000  and
the vessels in Victoria, and many Mvered  to  your   home  or  postal  peace upon earth?   Tou and me
seafarers   expressed   a   desire   to address.                                             who agree together, lt is we who
become members of the Seafarers'   have to answer that question."—
Union, which thy are confident is Send in Tour Subscription Today. William Morris.
INCOftPOftATCD. ^«*» MAV l«70   H ^>
Men's Overcoat!
at Lower Prices
WE ARE justifiably proud of our finer grade Oven
coats, showing excellent values at from $29.75 up
But for the man who wants to spend less, say fror
$15.00 to $27.50, our stock includes several very noteworthy values.
Men's Wool Overcoats $15.00
' —SPLENDID fitting coats in slipon style with set-in sleeves.)
Shown in dark grey and brownish heather mixture. Re-J
markably good coats at a very low price.
Men's Slip-On Coats $17.50
—A SQUARE shouldered model,, out on generous lines, to]
fit comfortably. Plain loose back. Come In dark grey and}
heather shades.
Men's English Raglans
that fit and feel as comfortable as they look. These are
shown In a desirable shade of
grey; also belted models in
brown and green mixtures.
Men's Business Overcoats
—AN ASSORTMENT of loose,
easy fitting coats, yoke lined;
the kind you can slip on and
off in a jiffy. Shown in a
variety of fancy browns,
heathers and greys.
Men's English Chesterfields
—DRESSY COATS in dark grey,
soft finished cheviot with self
collars. A coat that looks
well on any man and suitable
for any occasion.
Main  Floor—H.B.C.
CI|WA|HC    When you buy shoes from Kiblcr you cnn r«i
t*9*****a*W**mm^   Upon them being solid leather.   Wc are n|
out for cxhorbltoint profits.
Children'. Slipper., clewing at  f 1.16 and fl.i
Ladies' Sample Shots, regular to tl for —'.  $8.1
Boys' School Shoes   $8.45 and $8.1
Hen's Work Boots (the famous "Skooknm")   $3.96 Md $4.1
Men's Dress Shoes, np to $10 values for $4.1
Best in B.C.
We make prompt deliveries in-
^y^ New Westminster, Burnaby
and Burquitlaro
New Westminster's Pioneer Coal Dealers
Estab. 1887 Phones NEW WEST. 16-16 Inoorp. 1901 My, October 23, 1925
Page Seven
►vernment Records Reveal Alliance of Employers
And Politicians to Beat Down Canadian Workers
following points deal in the main with governmental intervention , in wage disputes. Such well known incidents as the
nipeg Strike, Nova Scotia Strikes, etc., are not dealt with.
return published in Hansard, 1924, gives the following returns
military expenditures by the government in suppressing strikers
protesters against political conditions:
iNaiinlmo, B. C, riots,  $225,000.00.    Tlie Hindoo trouble in
[Vancouver  cost  $1,143.00.    The  Street Railway Dispute  in
| Windsor, $2,187.00.   The Winnipeg Strike, $196,821.00.   Quebec
1 in 1922, $184.00.   The St. John, N.B., Railway Dispute, $985.00.
[Cape Breton, 1922, $63,295.00; ln 1923, $99,621.00.    Figures
[for 1925 not available.-
November 4th, 1917, a foreman of the Algoma Steel Corporation
} told some of his men that they should demand more wages.   The
made demands which were refused.    They went home.    Four
later.8 of these men were found guilty of striking and fined
100 and costs. ($13.00). On November llth, another was fined
plarly and the foreman $80*00 and costs for Inciting the men to
ke. .Ijabor Gazette, p.  984,  1917.
/On July 9th, 1917, 12 employees at Estevan, Alta, were discharged
going on strike unlawfully, contrary to Sections 56 and 57 of
[industrial Disputes Act.    One was dismissed; 4 were fined $25.00
costs, ($13.00); 7. were fined $50.00 and costs.
, On  July  10th,  1917)   IE  employees at  Taylortown,  Sask.,  were
charged as above. Two were dismissed on payment of costs;
fn were  fined  $25.00  and costs,   ($11.00);  six fined  $50.00  and
Labor Gazette, p. 984, 1917.
[ Senator Robertson sent a despatch to Samuel Compers on May
1919, requesting his influence as head of the International
bor movement to defeat the general strike plans, (Can. Annual
View, 1919, p. 604.)
IE Liberal Convention  of 1919  urged  the adoption  of the eight
hour day and a,weekly rest of 24 hours.  (Can. Annual Review,
The Royal Commission on Industrial Conditions, 1919, made
^.following recommendations: (Can. Annual Review, 1919, p. 508.)
~ Fixing of a Minimum Wage, especially for women, girls and
IklUed labor.
'Maximum work day of eight hours and a weekly rest of not less
24 hours.
State  insurance  against  unemployment,   sickness,   invalidity"  and
f ngo."
Proportional Represent at'on.
Regulation of Publlo Works to relievo unemployment. and help
[the building of workers' homes.
See recent wage schedules and see how far the government has
I'led out the above recommendations.
March 23rd, 1920, the Canmore Coal Co. locked out those em-
' ployees who refused to sign the check-off. The workers brought
fges against the employers under the Industrial Disputes Act.
decision in this case was that the company was legally bound
Ifollow order No. 141 of the Director of Coal Operations. The
Bctor had the right under Order in Counoil to issue this order if
action would help clear up any disputes which had curtailed
duetion. The aetion of the operators was further justified in court
pursuance of their obligations as coal operators under control of
ernment officials. (Labor Gazette, p. 025, 1920.)
IE Labor Gazette in 1923 records that the fair wage for T. & N.
1 O. carpenters in Halleybury, Ont., was fixed at 55c per hour.
In 1923 the government amended the Industrial Disputes Act,
king it unlawful for an employer to change wages or hours of
jfr before the dispute had been dealt with by the board of conation. The annual meeting of the Canadian Manufacturers As-
Hation, July 1923, declared "As this amendment was viewed with
lavor by the members interested in mining, steps were taken to
lose it in the Senate." The Senate threw out the amendment,
(.nadian Annual Review, 1923.)
Statement ln Hansard,  1924,  p.  2283,  revised edition:    Minister
|l_abor Murdock:   "The  wages of  laborers on  tho Welland  Canal
fixed at 40c per hour at the request of the contractors."
The same  gentleman,   explaining  the  decrease  in  wage  on  the
[Hand Canal,  June  1st,   1925, p.  3934,  unrevised  edition of Han-
"A^thirty-five cent rate was fixed  (by the Fair Wage Board)
|lch lowered the laborer's wage by five cents an hour."
"Certain linemen were reduced 20 cents an hour. (From 75c per
|r to 55c per houi-.) Note: The Minister of Labor has power to
lie disputes under Fair Wage Schedule. „
, $15,000.00 contract at St. Antoine de Tilly,  Que., under date  of
August 1925, embodies as a fair wage for ordinary laborers at
per hour for a ten hour day. (Labor Gazette, Sept., 1925.) Con-
; the following fair wage rates taken from the Labor Gazette during
(The  rates are  for  ordinary,  not  buildings  laborers,  whose
Is are usually higher than those of ordinary laborers.)
Ichard, B.C., and Gleneden, B.C., for a nine-hour day........ $3.00
Jice Albert,  Sask ...27%c per hour. 10 hour day
Icouver,  B.C 37%e per hour.    8 hour day
Intford, Ont 22%c per hour. 10 hour day
fquieries,  Que J. 20c     per hour. 10 hour day
|kerville,  Ont 25c     per hour.    9 hour day
rolt River, Ont 25c     per hour.    9 hour day
VNSARD states that in September, 1922, the expenses in connection
with the Dominion-Provincial Conference on Unemployment con-
lied the following'Items:
yal Golf Club, Aylmer Rd., Que.   Dinner, 60 covers  $347.20
hhestra     65.00
ill Electric Co.   Special car to convey the commission to the
dinner   .' ■ 25.00
|ANSARD, 1925, reports that two members of the Royal Canndian
Mounted Police attended a labor meeting held in Nanaimo Sept.
lh, 1924.   The purpose was to find but what was being said.   In other
Irds, spying.
TN APRIL, 1924i the government allowed 76 Chinamen to enter
•*• Canada under' bond to the British Empire Steel Corporation
(Besco). The 76 were required in addition to the 29 already employed to work upon Besco ships. Bonds amounting to $105,000.00
were put up to cover the Chinese while working to Canada.
The motive was to displace white labor by the Chinese, who
worked for lower wages One fireman, says Hansard, was fired from
a Besco ship, The reason given to Duncan MacDonald, the man in
question, was, "the Chinaman are coming Monday . . . look for another job."
The importation of the Chinamen violated the following statutes:
(1) Alien Contract Aet, which prohibits the.importation of labor
under contract.
(2) Chinese Immigration Act, sections 5 and 7, which declares
that- "Chinese must land in Canada only in ports of Vancouver or
Victoria." The Chinese in question oame from Capton through the
Suez Canal, London and Halifax, N.S.
(3) Bonding is also illegal and is permissible only in cases of
Hansard, May 12, 1924, states that the Canadian Colonization
Society brought 35 irrimigradits to Canada. The society received
from the government $100,000.00 as a subsidy, and a similar sum
from the Canadian National Railway and the Canadian Pacific Rail-
GRANTS'  made  to  the  Salvation  Army  to  help  them  with  their
immigration Work total as follows (Hansard, 1924):
1909-1910 —  $ 10,516.67
1910-1911   16,616.64
1911-1912  * .- 15,516.64
1912-1913  15,516.67
1913-1914   22,516.68
1914-1915   21,516.67
1915-1916   10,000.00
1916-1917          7,500.00
1917-1918         7,500.00
1918-1919   7,500.00 <*«**
1919-1920          5,000.00 Immigration
1920-1921   15,000.00
1921-1922   25,000.00 $ 1,600.00
1^22-1923   25,000.00 1,500.00
1923-1924.   36,000.00 13,997.00
Totals     $238,699.16 $16,997.00
THE appropriations for Cadet Services for the year 1924-25 were
$450,000.00 and $400,000.00 respectively.
The vote for the Royal Military College was $360,000.00.   Hansard,
The Toronto Star, March 20th, 1924, says the average net cost for
each student is $1,750.00. The student pays $400.00. He receives
ciothes, skis, and other personal bills are paid. It coses $150.00
yearly for each student for horsemanship.
THE National Liberal Conference of 1919 urged "the removal of wartime restrictions upon freedom of speech and liberty of. the press."
Communist literature is refused admittance to the Dominion. The
Communist International Magazine, the International Youth, Lenin
and he Youth, are prohibited.	
By  ART   SHIELDS,   Federated traditions of the parent body. Till
-    Press the recommendations were adopt-
ATLANTIC    CITY    (FP) An- ed there was no authority to lift
drew Furuseth, head of the sea- the   Properties   of  the   offending
men's union, took the floor at the sroup along with its charter
A.   F.   of   L.   convention   against An amendment was adopted to
a recommendation of the Commit- the *"** that   properties   taken
tee on Laws, giving the Executive °ver «">* bf re ained on* *»> *•
Council of the A. F. of L. author- central  boale8 ln    <-uestlon    nad
ity to take  over the property of been reorganized.
central labor bodies and state federations whose charters might be U. S.-German Textilers'
revoked,   but   he   lost   his   fight. i_i j        ,•        t     m     ±  j
The  convention   ratified   the   re- *edeiatlOnJS  Mooted
The new powers given the Ex-      ATLANTIC CTHT, N. J.-Amei-
ecutive   Council   are   intended   as   lcan nn(1  Ge™an textllo workers
weapons to be used against cen-   may work out some means ot con-
tral   bodies   going  left,   it  would   cei'tea   actlon  aSaln8t   tn'°   inter-
appear  from  the  explanatory  re-   nat|onal employing combination of
marks ot Chairman Tobin of the   Botany and Gera Mllla' New Jei'-
Committee on Laws, who ls him-  sey' wIth a Central European tex-
self  a  member  of the  Executive  tlle syndicate of 35 mills in Ger-
Council.    Tobin    said    situations  ma"y-     Hungary,     Poland,     and
might arise  where central bodies  Czecho-Slovnkia, If the officials of
violated A. F. of L. laws by har-  thelr respective unions begin nego-
borlng secessionists and adopting  tlatlons.    President  Mai-tln   Plettl
policies contrary to the laws and   of the German Clothing Workers'
,^_____________________________________  Union    ls   gathering   Information
' during his American visit as one of
AllStrali-in WOTk6r3 the *" "wni8n trade union dele-
_      _    ,     i  • i it  •        Bates attending the American Fed-
FOr Industrial UlllOn  eratlon of Labor convention in At-
  lantlc City.   Plettl ls a close friend
SYDNEY, Australia.—A confer- of the German textile union's head
ence of the Building Trades and Is taking his findings back to
Workers' group held at Sydnoy him since tho German textile work-
unanimously agreed upon one un- ers have no representative In this
ion In the building trades Indus-  year's delegation.
try.   Delegates attended from the, 	
Carpenters, Building Laborers, In every country tho dangerous
Painters, Quarrymen, Slaters and classes are those who do no work.
Bricklayers. —Longfellow.
Reward of Toil
(By Leland Olds)
DRIZE CONTEST! Name the 16,-
634 individuals who were of such
outstanding worth to America in
1923 that they received a combined
income which would support 1,-
260,000 families at the average
wage of a skilled railroad mechanic
—and we will send you a year's
free subscription.
You can mention Rockefeller,
Morgan, Gary, Ford and perhaps a
dozen other big noises in financial
juggling, but how about the remaining 16,620 to whom the workerB of the country were forced to
turn over $2,140,434,697. This is
20 per cent, of the entire amount
paid in wages to all the factory
workers in the country in that
These 16,634 individuals received
$912,587,633 just for owning assorted stocks in the country's productive enterprises. It amounts to
over $1,000,00.,000 if dividends
and Interests are combined. They
own a pretty big chunk of the
country, judging from the full report of the IT. S. commissioner of
Internal revenue on 1923 Incomes.
The country's 5 richest men,
grouped together by the bureau to
hamper identification, had gross
income in 1923 of $42,835,939, an
average of $8,354,492. They received $35,728,185 in dividends and
only $206,716 in wages and
salaries. They got about 180 times
• the income they draw for personal
service which in turn probably ex
aggerates their relative worth to
the country. Altogether their
combined Income would have supported 30,000 families according to
the wage earner's standard approved by the National (employers')  Industrial Conference board.
The 74 individuals whose net incomes were over $1,000,000 were
apparently worth $178,954,543 to
the country in 1923, an average of
$2,415,000 apiece. Their combined
income would have provided a mechanic's wage for 100,000 families.
Their dividends amounted to $85,-
Dropping to where wealthy families must skimp we find 4,182 individuals with net incomes over
$100,000. Their grand total was
$1,127,273,807 or an average of
$270,000 apiece. Here is enough
income to pay mechanic's wages to
more than 150 times their number.
Thirty-four of the 74 persons
with Incomes of more than $1,000,-
000 live ln New York, while 62 of
the 74 live In Now York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Illinois nnd
Michigan. Similarly 1445 of tho
4,182 net Incomes of over $100,000
were reported from Now York and
2,469 from the four states, New
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
nnd Illinois.
VOTERS' LIST now in conrso of preparation.    Soo that you namo is In-
cludod if ontitlrd  to voto.
Special Attention
Nono but registered deed holders and
registered Bgreement*for-salo holders aro
placed on list. Whore agreement Is registered deed-holder ean not voto on
samo proporty. Uogistor yonr agreements or deeds at onco so that yonr
nnme can ho placed on tho list.
Householders and liconso holders Inserted hy declaration  only.
Last day for malting such declaration,
Octobor 31st,  1925,
For Information call Municipal Clerk
Fraser 1. List closes Decembor 1st,
Clerk's offlco will bo opon during
regular honrs, and tho Municipal Clork
will he in attendance at his offlco in
the Munlclpnl Hall on tho ovening of
"Wednesday, October 28th, from 7:30 to
9 p.m., for tho purpose of taking declarations.
Municipal Clerk. a^^^^m
Page Eight
Friday, October 23;
Dry Cleaning
We make them look like new
Royal City Laundry
Telephone 183
The "Royal City" vans go to every part of New Westminster
and district. Give your bundle to the driver or phono 183 and
he will call.
Your   Health   is  Your  Best
Asset—Protect it.
Dr. J. S. Pirie
Sanipraetic Physician '
8-10 HABT BLDG.,
Phone 884
Por   yoars   wo   havo   successfully
employed   our   system   of   Chiropractic,   Violet   Ray   and   Osteopathy,   assisting   many   back   to
normal health and happiness. You
need not suffer ill health if you
will consult us.    Wo can put you
on tho way to recovery.
Richwell Brush Manufacturing
Company, Ltd*
1068 Edmonds Street, New Westminster
AU Brushes Guaranteed
When you require any kind of brush ring up N. W. 1869
write above address and immediate attention will he give|
your orders.
Phone 1
Phone 2
641 Columbia Street
Charlton's    Carmen   Potatoes —
■    winter keepers and fine white
boilers; 100-lb. sack  $1.60
3-sack lots at $1.50
Ashcroft Netted Cem Potatoes—
100-lb. sack  $2.00
5-sack lots at $1.95
Finest  Okanagan Dry Onions—
50-lb. lots   $1.00
Purple-Top Swede Turnips—
100-lb. sack   $1.25
Finest Ontario Bee-KistJHoney—
5-lb. tin 95c
King Apples—Per box..
Grimes Golden Apples—Box $1.25
Strawberry and Apple Jam—
2 tins , 95c
Mrs.    Pound's    Seville    Orange
Marmalade—4-lb. tins  60c
Van Camp's Tomato Soup—
2 tins   25c
Boyal City Peas, Beans and ■ Tomatoes, assorted—Dozen $1.75
Hill, Top Garden Tea—Lb  65c
3-lb. lots   $1.85
Kraft Cheese—Special, lb  40c
Finest Alberta "Specials" Butter
—Per lb  51c
Westminster, B. C.
Monday, Tuesday,
October 26, 27, 28
First Showing iu B.O. of the
Screen's Greatest Dog Hero
Peter the Great
"Wild Justice"
Thursday, Friday,
October 29, 30, 31
fiebe Daniels
—IN— ..
Amazing, Thrilling
Continuous From
2 p.m. to 11p.m.
Funnier Than
"Wild West Susan'*
TTNTIL Saturday, Oct. 31st, you can still get a complete washing outfit—Electric Washer and five useful articles from  the washday
equipment illustrated in this ad.—all for the price of the washer alone
No other company has ever offered such an outfit as we
have been giving during this Maple Leaf Sale, which
has been running from Coast to Coast during this past
month. The reputation of Beatty Bros. Limited is behind every outfit we sell. Think what this guarantee
means to you.
Direct From Factory to You
The terms we are offering during this sale are so easy
that anyone may have an electric washing outfit today.
Pay us only $1.00 down and arrange the balance to suit
your circumstances. Remember this sale only lasts until
October 31st.   Get yours today.
The White Cap Electric Washer nccils
no introduction in
Vancouver or Now
Westminster. Hundreds have already
taken Advantage of
fills renin rkahlo offer.
Largest Washer Manufacturers in the British Empire
928 Granville St. Sey. 7863
521 Columbia St. New Westminster


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