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British Columbia Federationist Feb 13, 1925

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BB___m COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LAB OR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
.4 POLITICAL UNITT:  VICTORY
SEVENTEENTH YEAR, No. 7.        FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 13,1925
5c A COPY
TOLL OF $TlEf77~7
$tm* ■ I AhAK7A
Baldwin Government to Review
System of Organized Labor
in Great Britain.
FIGURES TELL THE TALE
Trade Unionism Is a Product of
Capitalism—Carries Imprint
of Its Environment.
ACCORDING to press reports the
whole existing system of trade
unionism is to be reviewed in Great
Britain, by the Baldwin government.
The Vancouver Province editorially
states that it is not the intention to
introduce any legislation in this connection at this session.
Sir Robert Chadwick, parliamentary secretary to the Board of Trade,
in a recent speech said "that the
time had come when more must be
known about the whole administration of trade unions. "It must be
known," he said, "why a good workman, if he chooses, may not work as
hard as he likes and produco to the
utmost of his capacity, thereby earning for himself a higher wage and
enabling the trader to compete in the
world's markets."
Now, we do not claim to have any
peculiar knowledgo of such matters,
at least not enough to have a knighthood bestowed upon us by our sovereign, but wc would venture to suggest that It is precisely the sume
reason as which prompts, or compels, the manufacturers to come to
agreements to limit production to the
nearest amount which can be absorbed by tbe market at a profit to
themselves.
A trade union is no more organized
to protect the whole of society than
ure manufacturers' associations and
chambers of commorce.
Opposing Interests
They are organized to protect themselves from the encorachments and
oxactions of capitalist exploitation.
In the stftigglc which arises because
of their opposing interests the welfare of society in general is usually
lost sight of.
Sir Robert Chadwick should know
if he knows anything, that while the
system of capitalism Is supposed to
bo based on competition that its
natural tendency is always towards
monopoly. The first thought that
comes into the mind of any person
or association of persons, when entering into business, wliich employs
capital, Is how to eliminate their
competitors. Tlie next Is how to
regulate production so as not to exceed tho capacity of tho market. In
other words, to create a scarcity of
the particular commodity, within certain lilmls, which they produce. In
the same manner, trade Unions endeavor to control the sale of the
commodity wliich they have for sale;
in tbeir caso their labor power.
Future of Great Britain
Another knight, dir Auckland
Geddes, is also much concerned
about tho future of Great Britain in
tho markets of the world, because of
the restrictive pulley of trade unions.
"In England." he said, "that the cost
of production had become so high
its own in many sections of foreign
that the country was barely holclinu
trade." He then goes on to quote
figures to show that in the first hair
of last year 7,500,000 days were lost
In strikes—an equivalent of 27,000
years of production.
It is really wonderful what an ap-
petitie some people have for gathering statistics on the loss to the community because of strikes, while
totally blind to the loss to the community because of enforced unemployment. Now for a few statistics
on unemployment: Since the beginning of 1920, the average yearly
number of unemployed in Great
Britain wus about a million and a
quarter. Which, in the past five
years, equals 1,706,250,000 days, or
6,250,000 years of production, or for
any six months of that time,
112,500 years of production. This
Is the loss in material things. Who
can compute the loss to humanity, to
the Individual because of the deteriorating effect of unemployment.
Fault Lies Not With Unions
If there is a. slowing up of the
processes of production, and we aro
of the opinion that there is, the fault
lies not with the trade union, but
with a system of production that for
its aim, not social welfare but individual gain. Any one who stands for,
the present system ot production is
guilty of all tho misery and crime
that arises out of it. Trade unionism
is a product of capitalism and consequently carries the imprint of the
environment of which It sprung. The,
Province states, "Increased produc- j
tion and wider markets are vital to
Britain tf she is to return to normal
progress." Increased production and
wider markets are vital to Britain,,
Germany, France, Italy, United
States and Canada, and every capitalist country on the face of the
globe. But all of these countries and
many others are exporting capital to
other countries: China. Japan and
India where tho workers have a'
lower standard of living,
G neuter Production
They thereby increase their immediate profits, but incidentally destroy
the markets which they so much
neod; create more unemployment and
eventually bring down the system
which they would perpetuate fn collapse about their heads.
We would like our readers to grasp
one thing and grasp it well. It fs
this: when our captains of industry
and finance speak of "greater production," what they have in mind is
not a greater mass of products, out
of which the needs of the wholo
people could be filled, but greater
. production per person engaged ln the
productive process. In other words,
cheaper production.
Labor's Only Salvation'
1\ ^ bove will be the subject of an address to
fr be given by
MRS. ROSE HENDERSON
At the VANCOUVER THEATRE
Next Sunday Evening, at 8 o'clock
(Take Hastings East car, get off at Boundary Road and
walk east on Hastings street to the Theatre.)
Mr. Justice Murphy
Addresses Open Forum — Peaoet", czecho-siavokin.   ah branches of
r * treaties, or legal questions, under the
the Ideal of the Geneva
Protocol,
SIGNATURES NECESSARY
League of Nations Not Effective
Without Russia and Germany
Being Adherents.
world
the
is   the
Geneva
'THE   peace   of   the
■*■      ideal    underlying
protocol."
"War is the negation of Christianity."
"No disarmament conference can
be successful unless all nations with
any military force at all participate.
Russia and Japan must enter the
conference or it will be a failure."
"It is doubtful if the protocol will
gain sufficient preliminary adherents
to make it successful."
"The League of Nations will never
become effective unless Russia and
Germany become adherents of it."
"AU right thinking people should
support the League of Nations, and
earnestly endeavor to make it effective."
"Oil ls one of the great powder
magazines today, at the base of war."
Tho above are but a fow of the
outstanding reamrks made by Mr.
Justico Murphy in the course of his
address before the "oi»en forum" In
lho First Congregational church on
.Sunday afternoon.
Since the nature of the covenant
of nations was such as to render it
impossiblo of amendment, a new
treaty, under the name of the Geneva protocol was drawn up. Ex-
premier Ramsay MacDonald's speech
before the Goneva conference was
really the genesis of the protocol,
sin-natures Necessary
Before it will be possible for invi
tatlons to be issued to all tin
nations of the world calling them to
tlio disarmament conference, outlined
in the protocol, It is necessary that
throe of the larger powers, such as
Italy, France, England and Japan
adhere to and ratify it, and ten of
lhe smaller nations. In the event of
there not being the necessary num
ber of preliminary adherents, or ln
the event of the disarmament conference failing, then the protocol will
be of no avail,
War International Crime
The protocol declares all aggressive wars to be international crimes.
In the past war was the right of
every sovereign nntion. Sixteen na-
tions have signed the protocol, but
to date only one  nation has ratified
JUNIOR LABOR LEAGUE
This Is "Hat" Night—Membership Increasing—Business
Meeting Friday.
Apparently that much talked of
prediction of the end of the wo.l*.
for last Friday had no terrors tjr
members of the J. L. I.., who spent
a very enjoyable evening at the home
of tho vice-president, Mr. W. Rees,
G262 Chester street, South Vancouver.
Someone has «ii& ester) that the end
of the world had been postponed to
Friday, the Thirteenth, if bo it'will
find the J. L. L in session at their
educational meeting to be held at
863 Twenty-seventh avenue east,
South Vancouver. This meeting will
be a "hat night," ench member drawing from the hat some question on
which they will apeak for a few minutes, followed by a general discussion.
The membership of the League is
increasing steadily. The small initiation of 25 cents and dues of 11.00
a year being easily within the reach
of those interested. New mombers
will always ho made welcome, the
only qualification to those within the
age limit being a consciousness of
their position as members of the
working class.
Tho secretary will be glad to hear
from anyone in other parts of the
province interested in this work.
Communications may be addressed to
the Junior Labor League at 883
Twenty-seventh avenue east, South
Vancouver,
Regular business meeting on Friday the 20th at the above address.
protocol, must be submitted to arbitration or international court. In
reference to political qup°Hnns. nations must agree, in no caae to go to
war, but rather, they must guarantee
to submit such differences to arbitration. In other instances, where
an agreement can not be reached
among the disputants a period of
three months must elapse before
before they can engage ln war. During this period the matter is placed
In the hands of the council which
utilizes Its good offices in a further
effort to avoid war.
In tlie event of war breaking out,
or there are preparations being made
for war, the council is empowered to
declare an armistice immediately.
Four nations, not adherents, will be
invited to utilize tho office of the
council. In the event of their not
doing so they are to be totally ostracised.
Who Is Aggressor?
In the past it has been hard, and
oftimes impossible, co ascertain
which nation was the aggressor.
Under the protocol th* nation which
disobeys the ruling of the council
becomes, automatically, the aggressive nation In any war.
All treaties are now to be registered at Goneva and oecome public
property. In this way all secret
treaties are wiped out—admittedly a
definite step towarda greater security. In the event of any two nations desiring to have a demilitarized
zone between themselves, under tho
control of the League of Nations,
tlieir wish will be granted. The first
nation definitely entering that area
becomes the aggressor.
Sanctions Necessnry
In event of definite action having
lo be taken, when one nation becomes the aggressor, all the other
nations are bound to cut off all com-
muueiations of whatever sort, with
that nation. Every adhering nation
must give assistance, financial, military, raw materials, etc., to the attacked nation, according to their willingness, and to their ability. Tho
council has no right to compel any
nation to give in any specific manner.
The control of alt their military or
naval forces remains with the nations
themselves.
In closing Mr. Justice Murphy
painted a mental picturo of the war
tbat has passed, of the suffering and
sorrow resulting from It, and he also
painted a picture of what we might
expect in the event of another world
war occurlng. He believed that another still more horrible war was
not only possible but probable unless
we, as thoughtful, Intelligent citizens
performed our duty to the coming
generations and endeavoured to pre-
vent such a catastrophe.
IS.
Has Harsh Words With Federal
Government's Attitude on
Labor Policies.
CANADA'S UNEMPLOYMENT
Problem Treated in a Useless,
Senseless   Manner,   Says
Winnipeg's Member.
HPHAT the solution of Canada's unemployment as suggested by the
department of Immigration and colonization, was a "stupid and senseless" one, was the opinion of J# S.
Woodsworth, Labor member of parliament for Winnipeg centre, who addressed a mass meeting recently at
Ottawa.
The department in question had
been doing all In Its power to Increase immigration, he declared, at
the same time raising the old cry of
"increased production," such a policy
Instead of mitigating the seriousness
of the problem, served but to inten
slfy it. Canada had already produced
more than it could flnd a market for,
and as a result a period of stagnation
and unemployment had followed.
"Any government that fails to
mako such social adjustments as
would ensure at least food, clothing
and shelter, had lost all claim to tho
loyalty of the people," said the speak
er. The slogan of tho country's unemployed—"Work or maintenance"—
was not an unreasonable or unsound
one. There was little use of the federal government seeking to get away
from the fact that they and not the
municipal and provincial governments
were responsible for unemployment,
MEANDERINGS
THE  UNEMPLOYED OF
SOUTH VANCOUVEIt
There was a fair attendance at the
Municipal hall at Tuesday night's
weekly meeting. We have formed a
centrals committee, with delegate
from North Vancouver City and Burnaby, to make a united stand for a
fair share of the work given out. At
present the Munfcpallty refuses to
allow our organization to handle the
slips for work, but prefer a government official, who cannqt be expected
to select the most deserving cases
first, hence the Injustice we complain
of.—13. D. Brewer, secretary, 4854
.lames street, South Vancouver.
Land and Labor
All economic products result from
two factors only: land and labor—using the word "land" In the large sense
of theoretical economics, so a;i to in-
"ude water and mines and all the
natural resources of the planot. Capitnl Is not really a third factor. Capital
Is n product of the application of labor to land and Is merely a stage In
production. Without land, human life
is Impossible; .without labor, very
little human life would be possible.—
Bertrand  Russell.
LAHOR PAPER
On the front pago of tbe Wlnnipog
One Rig Union  Bulletin  of February
'th,  tho  following Item appears:
Labor Statesman  Suspends   Publication.
"Vancouver, B.C,—The Lalior Statesman suspends publication ns a lnbor
organ with Its last .January Issue, alter about a year's life ns official paper
of the Vancouver, Now Westminster
and District Trades and Labor Council. Luck of support Is the reason as-
signed,"
(By Peripatetic Pagan.)
AH these patriotic capitalists! Rc-
cently the Austrian government
floated a loan In London; £00,000,-
000 was subscribed. The Hungarian
government loan was subscribed up
to £20,000,000. The German loan
next, and thc money bags came forward offering £12C,000,000; all bearing high interest. Then, our own Victoria attempted to raise a loan, security gilt edged, but ben ring Interest at only a fraction less than five
per cent; did these flag-waving patriots rush to subscribe to this? Oh,
dear, no; their regard for kith and
kin only reached about ono tenth of
the amount asked for. You see, with
these gentry the interest is the only
consideration. The flag. Unity of Empire and such like sentiments are all
very well for the boobs at election
time, but when it comes to an investment, its what pays, my child.
*****
British-American tobacco company's net profits for the last five
years have ranged from four and
one-third millions to four and four-
ffi'th millions pounds per annum, with
dividends, despite watered shares,
from 24 per cent, to 30 per cent., tax
freel
* *    *
The following Is from this month's
Issue of the "Locomotive, Fireman
and Engineer's Magazine;" "Never
In the history of wage negotiations
affecting men In engine service, have
railroad managements adopted such
a variety of obstructive measures to
prevent peaceful and satisfactory
settlements as in the negotiations In
cldent to the present wage movement of engineer, firemen and hostlers on the western railroads." Bo
warned, the subtle workings of the
capitalists are active to a degree,
Jack London in his "Iron Heel"—
hell we were going to write—gave
the danger signal, Further, beeause
those comrades in the States who are
In work with good wages. Now, let
them not fail to watch out. The
powers that be are consolidating to
a degree far front healthy, and a
sudden tightening of the grip may
come with n shock, much sooner than
expected.
Tho great thing fur labor unions
to do here and everywhere, Is to
recognize the socialist's Ideal as tbe
foundation for all action for tho
benefit of the worker, with the application In Its fullest meaning of the
sympathetic international.
* • •
Ho, Britain hns another little question on her hands—the native demands in Sierra Leone, The educated
natives are making some strong demands for self-government, trial by
jury and the reform of land abuses
whieh have arisen through over favouring private trust companies, and,
they are going to get {.hem,
* *    •
Tl;ere seems to be a pretty pother
at Ottawa over the Shipping Combine, One wonders what Is behind It
all, especially considering tlio Indignation reportod as being expressed by
the shipping magnates,
Pity 'tis wo havo not more socialists In the school hoards of tho
country, for there Is much room for
an overhaul of the whole scheme of
education. George Bernard Shaw
writes a fine caustic reproach on the
British educational system. "Our
schools," says O. I3„ "teach tbe morality of feudalism cnrrupied by commercialism, and hold up the military
conqueror, tbe robber huroii ami the
profiteer as models of the IlluslrloUs
and successful."
Friday tho 13th! Never mind, get
your "Fod." read it ond pass It on.
Don't Fail to Beserve the Evening of
SUNDAY, February 22nd
TO HEAR
Prof. SCOn NEARING
At the ROYAL THEATRE
136 Hastings St. East
Tell your friends and let us make H a bumper meeting.
Our Communist friends have kindly consented to diseon*
tinue their meeting on Sunday evening so that all their
adherents may  have  an  opportunity  of hearing  Prof.
Nearing.
University students are cordially invited to come along.
Voluntary collection to*defray expenses.
The Power of Wealth
Mrs. Philip Snowden Now Cham-t
pions Imperialistic Oapitalism.
THE RUSSIAN SITUATION
Reply to Sir. Noel Robinson's
"Star Window" View of
Soviet Russia.
[By Dr. W. J. Curry]
WAS   preaent   when   Mrs
" >Tered    hei     	
tho "Despotism of
IWASi present   when   Mrs.   Philip
Snowdon   delivered    her    much
heralded attack on
Soviet Russia," ana last ween «»j
attention was called to Mr. Robinson's criticism regarding Mrs. Henderson's opinion of the fair labor
leader, who now champions the
cause of Imperialistic Capitalism.
Mrs. Snowdon has always been an
anil-Communist, and visited Russia
over four years ago, just when conditions seemed hopeless, largely due
to the British blockade, and the
famine intensified by the activities of
the Allies, who were then expressing
their boasted regard for "the self-
determination of nations."
1 know Mr. Robinson well and admire his sincerity and frankness, but
like most of our middle-class Intellectuals, ho seems somewhat muddle-
bended on economics and as Ignorant
of the cause he champions as of tho
thoory   and   practice   ho   assails.
Upton Sinclair in his "Brasii
Check," shows bow the advertising
columns mould tho editorials and
policy of the press. "They who pay
tho piper sot the tune," nnd If tho
"Star Window" deals seriously With
the subject of Soviet Russia, lt must
take Mr. Snowden's part and oppose
the views of Mrs.  Henderson.
The testimony of Mrs. Henderson
who recently spent sevoral months In
investigating conditions in Russia,
has been corroborated by many other
independent investigators, the majority of whom were not Communists,
but who nevertheless declare that the
workers' republic Is steadily building
up her social and economic foundations, and it ls quito evident that our
system based on "proflnntion foi
profit," is iu a staLe or docllno
which will result in social chaos or
a revolutionary change in the man-
gement of our economic structure.
I am Inclined to believe that tbe
time has come when wo should make
effort's to enlighten the class represented by Mr. Robinson, which is not
only economically enslaved but in
most cases mentally shackled with
bourgeois  fallacies and   ideals.
Mr. Robinson Bhould first understand that capitalism instead of
being an eternal, divinely ordained
system of ruling and exploiting subjects, Is one of various systems which
in accordance wilh economic laws
have arisen and passed away. Even
the Vancouver Daily Sun some
months ago in an unguarded moment declared that some from of
Communism was destined to supercede the present social .structure.
Today power aud wealth are concentrating in fewer and fewer hands,
while millions, able and anxious lo
produce wealth, are suffering famine
because the owners of the moans of
life cannot find markets for the commodities produced by these suffering
armies of unemployed.
Within tho last few days over one
hundred masterless slaves have boen
.hrown into our provincial jails as
in "net of charity," and even Hem-
mi Shaw has recently declared that
'if other planets nre Inhabited, this
world must lie the lunatic asylum of
the  universe."
we wonder that .Mrs. Henderson and others who know tho cnuse
of these miseries, express their resell ttneiit when people tike Mrs.
StlOWdon Who claim to be Socialists,
re feted and flattered by all tho
forces of reaction for their services
In misleading the public regarding
these problems wliich mean life, or
death, to millions?
"When Business Men Wer
I torol it tlonlsts."
'headed his Royal Highness the King.
This class struggle is even with us.
Seventy-five years ago Carl Marx,
and Ingles, in their "Communist
Manifesto" firat gave the world the
law of social development and placed
history on a scientific basis. The in
troductory sentence to this first pre
sentation of scientific Socialism was
"A Bpectre is haunting Europe, the
spectre of Communism." Today this
spectre has materialised and captured
Russia, and will sooner or later capture the world.
In spite of its mistakes and miseries  the  Soviet  state  todny   repre-
the workers, but in the light of history and their experience, what other
manner than through force could
their class enemies havo been conquered? There is no otfe to blame,
the lion will defend its prey and the
ruling elass lis economic basis, Tho
desire for ease and luxury, tho tendency to become parasitical, If Jt can,
Is biioglcal, Jt ia common to all life.
Perhaps ono of the unpardonable
crimes of Soviet Russia was Its publication of the secret treaties between ,
tho Allies. These prove thut the
Greut War was being organized and
that the working-class classes tricked
to the trenches in tho namo of freedom, woro but pawns In the frenzied
gamo for plunder.
Ju a few days Mr. Robinson will
havo the opportunity of hearing
Prof. Scott Nearing, a writer and
debater of international prominence,
who Is also a champion of Soviet
Russia. Nearing has been discharged
from threo American universities because be failed to "goose-step" to
the money hags who finance these
institutions and erect thoir educational schemes I'or perpetuating plutocracy.
Mrs. Snowdon and Mr. Robinson
•e equally horrified at the brutal
dictatorship now ruling Russia. It Is
a dictatorship, not of the Czar nnd
bis lords of the land, but of the
workers, who. time after time, continue to re-establish Its power with
their franchise'
It seems too bad tbat nfter twenty
eimiries of the gospel of peace and
brotherhood   tho   river   of   progress
'Continued on  page 2)
RIGHT TO "BUn IN"
Children   Leaving  School   Constantly Increasing—Must Find
Employment Somewhere.
SEEK THE PROFESSIONS
"Ohildren of Oibeon" Necewaiy
—Not Sufficient Farmers and
Laborers for Dirty Work.
tBy J, C. Harris]
YT/"E have grown up In a civilization where the right to "butt
ln" has been regarded aa sacred.
"ThlB is a free country" and "it owes
me a living" has been a sort of North
American gospel whose soundness
was beyond question. As we are not
so well satisfied with ourselves, nor
quite as sure of our philosophy as we
once were, it may be possible to examine even these axioms of our civilisation to see where we are drifting
under their guidance.
The question raised Is a very serious and pressing one. The number
of children that we are passing
through our high schools and universities is constantly increasing and, as
they emerge from their studies they
are certainly going to "butt in"
somewhere, and deeply affect the
happiness and prosperity of themselves and the rest of us. If we
-ould ask the children now attending
high school what they intended to do
after they left, we shoutdget some
most  interesting and  surprising   re-
    —  ~v,..-*  BMM.-B   iw,   i o^i-o- plies   and    some    Information    that
sents   the   transition   stage   between would make us question if the right
capitalism and the next social order,  to ..j,utt in.. la    oInff    to      roye    a
culminating phase of evolution.   The *ti«'M »" sure t0 ""<< a **■*? t™*
chick absorbs the tmts. it mimt hmk  numter who Intoim  tn ».*  •■....*•*..—
 **..„„ pause oi evolution.   Tlie - - "" •"" *" ****** 8 vor,r grMt
chick absorbs the egg, it must break numter who Intend to go teaching,
through the shell, or perish. Every or nursing, or to take ts business
birth means birth nnnirs ants fli*.*.,.!*,- cour.se   and    become   stenographers.
_- _ —.- etc.   Amongst tho boys there would
Mrs.    Henderson    seemed    almost  he plenty ot future doctors, lawysis,
amused  that  the   people   of   Russia chauiIeurs, b-nk clorkS| et(-    A B--,,
though ragged,  unwashed and fam-    ..... ,„   „ . , -
Ished   were   enthusiastic  and   happy   ,mny also  would  mean  to  go  in o
e freM   fmm  thr. ehnni.i-  1f Ijus.iksb and, If they bother at aii to
think  of the  future, would  imagine
No class was ever moro regardful  themselves as  commercial  travellers
of human life and more docile than  or government officials,
i  ■_ ,„„«.»—   ...*       ■ There would  hardly be  a  farmer
Lift
Not  Increase,  But Hold  Down
1925 Crops to Last Year's
Acreage at Least.
American farmers are advised by
tho department of agriculture according to a Washington dispatch* to
hold down their 1925 crops to last
years acreage at least, in order to.
.Void a glut und a consequent break j
In high prices. A decrease In farm
earnings is forecast for 1926.
Here  Is the  carefully weighed  and
deliberate  statement  of the department of agriculture  on  the outlook
1925 Issued hist wook:
"In the wheat bolt farmers should
not expect a repetition of the unusual
situation of 1924—a very good crop
in this country and n short crop I'or
the rest of tho world. In the corn
holt, the short crop of hogs probably
amongst the lot; a few would intend
to go mining (as tho boss, of course),
but remarkably fetf Would choose*
any really productive work that entailed dirtying the hands and going
without a white collar.
Now this Is a most serious stute of
affairs for some "childron pf Glbeon"
aro essential, and the supply Is running short. We nro not raising
enough farmers and laborers to do
our hnrd dirty work, and the bo-
hunijs, etc., that wo manage to import have u disgusting habit of drifting into our cities und there boating
us at our own games, whilst tho Honorable William Sloan has given notice
lo all Asia lo get out.
Wc cannot blame tho children for
this stato of affairs. We have worshipped our smart business mon and
get rich quick artists; wo have despised our farmers as mossbuclts and
Rubes, and we are sowing as we have
reaped. Wo have not only despised
these essential workers whose society
was good enough for Christ, but
robbed thom shamelossly until a
child growing up In Canada know*
the hardships nnd injustice of a
farmer's life and dare not attempt
It.
So under present arrangements
nearly all these young people are
going to "butt fn" on the city people's Jobs. Finding so many applications, the hank officials will invite
them to "bult in" lo the bank clerk's
Job at a lower wnge. Some will "butt
In" amongst the lawyers, and, rather
than starve, will attempt any meanness and rascality. Perhaps tiie right
to "butt fn" Is not the height of wisdom or n sound philosophy; it reminds me of my pigs butting tbelr
wny into the trough, and lying down
in it, If possible, to keop the others
out.
We will examine the "right to a
living" in another article.
At the Utile Theatro
The Littlo Theatre on Commercial
drive, near Venables Htreel was
irowded on Monday night when
'The Devil's Disciple" was produced
by Mrs. 13. A. Woodward. Tho play
Is considered the dramatic masterpiece of George Bernard Shaw, and
the local talent in its representation
was a roal success. Characterization
In both male and female parts was
striking for its woll supported quality and make-up The detail work of
ouch act was all that could be desired und well deserved ihe 11 horn 1
applause of the audience. In lovo
and war, Ernest Young made a perfect hero. lie was ably supported
by Miss Hetty Somerset and .lames
P. Ferguson.    Harold D. BechtOl and
rill be only partially off set by high'-1 ahwi  c,...
r PHoo„ wh„„ reduced feeding UtT,. ZZlZ^JeZ^ l_
main
nds for corn will tend to redti _
ith" total valuo of the corn crop. It Is,
I therefore, probable that In tho wheat
and fcom belts, which -comprise a
substantial porlfnn of Americnn ng-
'lculturo, there win he a diminished
Income os compared with 1924."
bf
Mr. Robinson should know that
ever since primitive Communism
there hnve been class si niggles between, mnsters and slaves, and that
today the clnss he represents wero
once progressive and revolutionary.
The bourgeoise overthrow the feudal
powers In bloody conflicts when
foudal Institutions obstructed thoso
rising merchants and  manufacturers.
Tho "reign of terror" in Franoe
wns a buslnoss-clnss revolution In
whieh the feudal lenders lost their
heads, and the Holy Church Its properly, while In England the same
class represented by "dictator Cromwell" mndo wnr on the old order, j"""' mnoiwi justice is only rudlmen-
overthrew   parliament   and   even   be-  tary nnd superficial.—Anntole France,
Dr. Curry's tict'tlircs
Fridny the subject will
"Our Savage Survivals." Meoting
will be hold In the C, P. hull, 066
Homor streot. Community Singing
nt 7.30  p.m.
,l ud nee   en n nol   ren d   hearts,  and
Ithetr strictest Justice Is only rudinion
iclion.
Garfield A. King, as tho honest
horse-dealer, and Sam Wollwood. as
tho villago lawyer, pleased everyone,
while Miss Qoorglna McKinnon as
loyal Essie, was most captivating.
Wnrm congratulations were cxlended
to tho performers as well ns to H. H.
Sfmmoiids, stage mannger; Ross A.
Lord, scenic director;  Sam Wollwood,
lighting director; and Mra. A. H.
noughts, in chnrge of costumes.
"Devil's disciple" was certainly well
ployed,
Cournge fs, on nil hands, considered as nn essontlo] of high character.'— Froudo. PAGE TWO
JBEVENTEENTH year.
•„,. 7. BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
FRIDAY February il3,   1925
Publishes every Friday by
The   British   Columbia  Federatloniat
_____ .nd Editorial Ofllce, 1120 Howe 8t*
Th. policy ot The B.  0. Federation..! I.
aontrolled by the editorial hoard ol tho Fed*
.rated Ltbor Party el British ColnmHe.
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eirn,  88.00 per ye»r;  Canada,  63.60 per
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The Federationlit I. on aal. at th.  tol-
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VANOOUVEE
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■ °"T8S S3 no i-s^t-ttt.
L0WS 1S-_-ff*emmVrisr~ia
waltee -"H^fiSHnssra-
—the newspapers—will again cry out
about "Aslatio exclusion." Why. always attack the more or less innocent Asiatic? Why not attack flrst
our own Canadians who are employing the Asiatics? The Asiatics are
here, because many men, who are to
day urging Asiatic exclusion either
brought them here or utilized their
services to the exclusion of their own
citizens, after they were here. No doubt
many of these same men Aid their
part nobly In welcoming the fleet
It would be quite in keeping with
their well-known inconsistency.
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FRIDAY February   13,   1925
GENEVA PROTOCOL
0Ull readers are urged to read, if
they havo not already done so;
the report in this paper of Mr. Justice
Murphy's address on the protocol. He
ls apparently an ardent believer ln
the efficacy of this instrument off
peace. The Idea underlying the pro-
tocal Is, indeed worthy of the earnest
consideration of every thoughtful
man and woman. It Is, manifestly,
one of the best schemes that we can
ever hope to have evolved under capitalism. We fear, however, that
even if a sufficient number of nations
do ratify it, that the disarmament
conference will fall, and bo resule
in the ultimate failure of the protocol.
For such a scheme to bo a success,
It must be operated and controlled by
real statesmen, men of intelligence,
and integrity, and men who have the
Interest of the masses of human kind
at heart. Otherwise, it will be manipulated and controlled by the big, in-
tenational, financial octopuses. That
are today shaping the future destiny
of the world, through the medium of
our "penny ante" politicians of today.
The great masses of the common
people today, tho world over, aro opposed to war, and would soon, were
they left to follow their own judgment, uninfluenced by our duily "paid
press" and our present-day politicians,
outlaw war.
ADVENTISTS SORRY!
CONSIDERABLE Interest hns been
shown by many, ln the prophesy
that lho world was lo have come lo
an end a few daya ago.
It is ahout time theso Individuals
gavo a little more concern to those
things, and thoso conditions, which
have a more direct hearing upon the
lives of the peoplo as they livo hore
on earth. The reason why so many
ardent lahor followers fall to find
themselves In sympathy with the
teachings of our modern churches, Is
becauso such teachings aro more or
leas In a olasa with the teachings of
the Kowenltes,
They neglected the fundamental
needs here on earth. When our
preachers nnd adherents of the
churches show some roal Intereat in
the bettering of tho lot of tho great
masses—other than by the aid of
charity—here on earth, then the futuro of their Institutions will be on a
much firmer foundation.
FLOYD COLLINS
TRAGEDIES never cease in this
old world, lt seems. Floyd Collins, on this occasion, was the unfortunate victim, He la only one among
the many. Our hearts went out to
him, in his agony. Workers as a rule,
are the ones who have to suffer ln
such cases. Rarely ls the owner so
caught. If he had to go through
his works undor the conditions
under which his employees work, we
are firmly of the, opinion that few
such tragedies would be enacted.
Human life, is one of the cheapest
things we have on the markets of
the world today. The absolute indifference that is shown by the many
employers of labor, towards the
health and general welfare of their
employees Is appalling, to say the
very least. So long as a few dollars
extra can be made, to help swell their
dividends, little they care for anyone's welfare.
And, again, so keen is competition
becoming, In life's struggle, that it Is
considered cheaper to risk human
life rather than practice "Safety
First." Not ntil co-operation, rather
than competition, is the rule of our
present social order, will human life
be valued as it ought to be.
INCONSISTENCY!
OUR Japanoso neighbors hnve been
the City's guests for lho past few
days, Our dally press has beon quito
awake io tho opportunity this afforded them of Increasing tlieir income
from advertising. In spito of tlie fact,
thnt many of these newspapers used,
or allowed to bo used their nows columns to dlsparago our Asiatic friends,
nevertheless thoy rush out with open
arms to take their advertising toll.
As soon ns the fleet has gone, they
VETERANS   OF  INDUSTRY   AND
THE SYSTEM
TO the observer, life holds many
marvels, but none greater than
the way in which mankind is evolving, or rather, allowing himself to
evolve. Most evolution Is at best, an
exceedingly slow process; man's progress is more than slow; it is reluctant, and it is roundabout. Life's
little ironies bear witness to the fact.
For instance, the real "veterans,"
the disabled and the aged members
of the Industrial army, those who
produco and distribute the means of
life, are allowed to go to the wall
when kindly charitable civilization
can use them no longer; and those
who do not really need them, th
higher-ups of officialdom, receive
handsome pensions.
In comparatively slack times (that
is, times of peace), our soldier-comrades, whose trade is destructive,
alas! are paid a fairly high rate of
dole In addition to the means of existence, such existence as common
clay requires.
The industrial worker ana some
others, whose work is absolutely
necessary to humanity, are refused
even the degradation of the bread
line, and are forced to starve or
literally beg their way. In thickly
populated industrial areas where
this would be impracticable, where
starvation might give rise to some
drastic action on the part of the disinherited, the government pays a
weekly pittance to the unemployed
and recoived In return something
like gratitude and—peaceful acquies-
cense.
Absentee landlordism has been another little Irony and still Is. Not
only in Ireland, but everywhere else
and right here ln Canada. It Is the
dodge whereby one man hands over
to another his right to toll, and receives In return the means of parasitism. The principle of shareholder
Is somewhat similar in substance,
though it is the question of degree
that most people concern themselves
with.
We may be logical enough to deny
that life is made up uf two classes,
rich and poor, owner nnd slave, exploiter and exploited. Wo may even
be shrewd enough to admit that all
tho poor would bo rich, all the slaves
masters, and all the exploited exploiters, If they wero unfortunate
enough to get a half-chance, Perhaps, after all, lt all depends on the
particular brand of human naturo
with which one happens to be
Htnmpod,
Sueh logic, however, does not alter
the fact that thero Is an ever Increasing army of people on the border line of starvation, and If we only
get a few more Versailles treaties
and Dawes plans put into operation
by the powors that be (whether they
happen to bo conscious of the evil
or not makos no difference), the
class division will grow wider and
the class onmity moro marked. Tho
poor are becoming poorer and tho
wealth of tbe world Is being more
and more concentrated. Tbe most
optimistic ennnot expect any vory
amiable feeling on the part ol' tho
masses.
An ever growing number of people
realize just what Is wrong with "tho
system," and are quite convinced of
how things ought to be; yet the
wrongs continuo nnd the rights don't
como. And though it is always sen-
Hlblo to blame tho other fellow, we
can't blame tho capitalist altogether.
Even Willinm Hhakcspoare told us
thai If there weren't sheep ther'
wouldn't   bo   wolves.     And   the   ex
ploited aren't sheep altogether either.
For when it comes to a question of
fair play and real effort for tho good
of the team, the majority of people
would rather not trouDle, or if they
do trouble, they are content with
throwing bricks at the "enemy" and
merely raising a dust.; j
Socialism and similar economic
ideas are accepted as being a panacea for most ills. Whether this Is
so or not, they will at least remedy
quite a good many of our social
evils. They have just one glaring
disadvantage. They will not come
into force of themselves. The cap
itallst class and all its surrounding
satellites may realize just how logical
and reasonable and practicable socialistic ideas are, even compared
with a good liberal or conservative
creed. But we can hardly expect
them to overcome their little prejudices against socialism In practice.
That is no excuse, however, for
apathy on the part of intelligent
workers.
The Power of Wealth
(Continued from Page 1)
S of
its
cannot flow steadily onward without
theae cataclysms, but as John Mase-
fleld says, "Tragedy at Its best is a
vision of the heart of life, The
heart of life can only be laid bare
In the agony and exultation of dreadful acts, Commonplace people dislike tragedy and cannot exult. The
carelessness of life and beauty marks
the glutton, the idler and the fool in
their deadly  path  across history."
But who are .responsible for these
outbreak* except these dunces and
dupes who dam the river of knowledge with falsehood and platitudes
and so bring destruction on themselves anu others?
The revolt of a slave claBs is the
unpardonable crime and to stem this
red flood swelled by Increasing misery every atrocity used becomes the
highest vfrf ue and the subllmest duty
in the opinion  of rulera.
The leaders of Russian revolt understood this and so raised the Ire
of political and moral anarchists
such as Emma Goldman, by establishing a dictatorship, an invincible
Red army, which alone saved the
Soviet  government   from  destruction.
The first great rising of slaves was
in ancient Rome, the culmination of
these revolts ended in the defeat of
the rebel chief Sparuigus. A hundred
thousand slaves were slaughtered
and as a warning .o others 6,000
prisoners were crucified ond their
crosses strung along the Apian Road,
leading to the "Eternal City." No
more revolts took place and yet Imperial Rome perished as all nations
founded upon class rule must perish.
In March, 1871, the workers of
Paris through the ballot captured the
municipal government, the result was
30,000 men, women and children
were slaughtered by the bourgeois
defenders of "law, order," and especially of the right to rule and rob
the common people. .
"Democracy and Sclf-Determinntioii"
The late E. D. Morel, Labor M.P.,
in July last in the British house of
commons, showed how lavish Lloyd
George & Co. had been in supplying
funds to crush Soviet Russia while
they.refused to advance her a loan
to open up trade and purchase British goods. In this speech he says:
"The millions of electors will not
readily forgive this kind of thing
that has taken place and they know
well the source of these attacks is
the same as that which caused nearly
two hundred million sterling to be
used in attempting to smash the Russian revolution by subsidising civil
war and a blockade which destroyed
tens of thousands of lives of innocent poeple."
Frank Anstey shows how these
funds were spent. A lot was expended to make Ukrania a centre of
counter-revolution, and months before lhe armistice the warring Imperialists of Britain and Germany
united to destroy this common enemy
known as Communism. It was not
until June, 1318, that Mr. Balfour in
tne house of commons declared that
the gold subsidy for Ukrania had
come to an end.
In Finland the same cooperation
of Britons and Huns took place. The
workers revolted, overthrew their
Swedish masters and joined the
Russian Federated Republic. Then
the German Junker Mannerheim
landed his troops, and joined by the
forces of the British Admiral Kemp,
laid this "hideous spectre of Bolshevism."
The London Times referring to this
"splendid" work of the German war
lord says that he quickly finished
the job, and casually mentions that
out of 80.000 prisoners, 30,000 were
shot out of a population of 3,000,000.
As Anstoy says "Tbe glory of the
noble tusk was not exclusively German They wore ably assisted by
Allied  forces."
Our own "Sun" at tbat time published a photographic picture of Gorman heroes shooting lines of Finnish
workers and casually remarked that
10.000 had been recently disposed
in that way.
Mrs. Snowdon saw Russia at
worst, Mrs. Henderson four years
later when Improvements were visible
on all sides. Mrs, Snowdon Is today
working In the intorests of imperialistic capitalism. She is like a gaudy
parrot in a gilded cage, chattering
her platitudes and responding gladly
to tho rewards of her masters and
tho apphiuao of thoir muddle-headed
dupes.
As Mrs. Henderson .suggests, no
wonder Lenin continually smiled at
this  representative  of  British  Labor.
The recent delegation of British
Trade Unions, which Is returned
from Russia, is publishing thoir roport. Theso delegates nre unanimous
in declaring Russia tbo vanguard of
the world's labor movement, One of
theso, A. A. Persel, says: "The Russian working clnss Is a colossal mirror which reflects everything"*which
Is best In tho working claaa of tbo
world."
E, D. Flcmmon, ex-socreiary of the
Amsterdam International Labor
movement saya; "I made this journey at my own expense, the working
Olass of Russia has takon Its fate In
Its own hands, The economic situation   is slowly,   but suroly Improving.
[Nemesis]
T WATCHED a group of sturdy
children'at play. They were imagining themselves to be soldiers and
were dispatching enemies to the next
world in large numbers and with
great gusto.
Children are worth watching and
studying for, if you know the child
intimately, you know the adult, for
the latter is only a child who has
camouflaged himself in a hundred
and one disguises other than whiskers.
Like our children, we are all moved
by a primitive imagination, for it is
a quality which has never been properly trained as It should have been,
harnessed to. a power of reasoning.
Ultimately that will come, whon a
sane and international system of cooperation has displaced tho present,
insane competitive struggle for pelf
and power or for a bare subsistence.
As the child imagines himself to
be a hunter, soldier and slayer generally, so the adult imagines himself
to be a pontontate, a millionaire, a
Christian or a Solomon, and he never
will admit what he really ls and what
the system which governs society has
made of him, a true and ardent worshipper of the god of gold.
At Christmas timo, you will have
noticed that our imagination glows
in a sudden, flame. We talk of the
poor in Christ-like terms; wo imagine
we are Christians; the capitalist press
presents lurid, agonizing yet unex-
aggorated pictures of the sufferings
of the poor, each picture a telling
and terrible indictment of the system
they uphold; we respond and send
our mite and sign It, "In Jesus'name";
we glow with satisfaction at our imaginings, yet Christmas passes and
having fed thom for a day, press pulpit and people leave the poor whom
Christ loved, to their own resources
for the next 364 days.
The language of a people, though
often employed as a camouflage, reveals the true pulse beat of the nation's heart, and using the English
language as a guide, I will try and
show you that we have only one god
the almighty, ever present, never forgotten god of geld,
If it were left to the little savage
of six to Imagine his heaven, we know
that it would be a place where soap
and water were non-existent, and
marbles and jam tarts distributed
freo and without restriction. Lot us
see what the adult idea of heaven
presents to us, as revealed In our
hymn-books, pulpit discourses and
other reliable sources of Inspired
knowledge. We have often been joyously impressed with the references
to the golden gate of heaven leading
to the golden streets and harps of
gold.
It never snows ln heaven, or we
should have reviled in glorious pic-
What Impressed me most was the enthusiasm of all for their work. They
realize they are producing for human
consumption,.and not for profit. The
great fact is, that in Russia the workers hold power,"
Mrs. Henderson may meet with opposition, and sneers, those who espouse the cause of humanity in a fundamental way have ever met this fate.
Tens of thousands of Communists in
Europe are today enduring the tortures of prison, becauae of their educational activity in the cause of pro-
isa. Two hundred and thirty
thousand of Indian Nationallats are
imprisoned because of their activities
for Independance.
History repeatB itself, but while tho
re-handed Herods, and the Judas Is-
cariots live only in the Hell of lm-
famous memory, those who drink the
hemlock for "perverting the mind of
the youth," and those who feel the
crown of thorns, and the suffering of
the Cross, for being seditions, and {
"stirring up the people," reap an immortality, for they live in the mind,
and affections of freed humanity, and
in the new social order of which they
are part.
*■ 'tures of golden snow, gleaming in the
golden sunshine.
Christ, the greatest of earths teachers, spent his life and ultimately sacrificed it ln teaching the great, eternal moral law, by obeying which man
could flnd rest and peace. We do not
call this God's rule or Christ's rule
but the golden rule, and we love to
mouth it not for its own sake, for we
only publicly recognize it one day a
year, but for its beautiful and inspiring name.
There is a large association of people who believe that God will soon
bring a true kingdom of justice here
on earth, a sort of klndom which true
socialists are working for, and they
have a magazine to show how God
will introduce this eternal and just
state of things and they call their
magazine and refer to this now era,
not as God's kingdom or as the age
of justice, but as the golden age.
Our hymns present, to us such pictures as the following, "Soon In the
golden city, our boys and girls Bhall
play." I presume all Iron and copper
gods will be strictly barred from
such a beautiful place even |more
rigidly than liquor from the Holy
land—the land of goldon hopes to the
south of us.
Our sunsets are never yellow nor
orange, but golden, the golden flush
of dawn takes first place in all our
descriptions of early morning. When
wo describe a person of generous disposition we say he has a heart of
gold, and we can pay him no higher
compliment. Our poets revel in golden description, golden days, gold tipped mantled summits, golden sands,
golden glints and golden glows,
When the altruist draws a picture
of what our earth might be under a
common-sense system of co-operatton,
of universal happiness and absence of
want and woe, the offsprings of our
present system of gold grabbing and
greed, we dignify it by the name of
the golden dream. "All is not gold
that glitters," wo exclaim, when draw-'
Ing attention to the spurious, thus re*,
venling our worship of the pure and
perfect god of gold.
All will remember the golden opportunity advertized in England on
the car of the paid agent from Canada In the legend "Cnnada Needs You."
It truly was a golden opportunity for
that paid agent aud tho shipping
companies.
If we write "The sun was setting
and tho inlet lay beneath us like a
yellow lake," our readers yawn, but
lf we say "like a lake of burnished
gold," their eyes gleam with a warm
joy, so mentally stimulating is the
golden metaphor.
The above examples, and you can
recall many others to your mind for
yourselves, reveal our national worship of the golden calf. Aaron and
his co-conspirators proved themselves
good psychologists when they got together when their leader, Mosos was
away up the mountain.
When our god has been discovered
in some unfortunate spot on the
oarth, either in torrid zone or under
arctic ice and snow, you have read
of the wild and frantic rush of maddened men to the spot; of the crimes
they have committted, of the terrible
hardships they have endured ln the
hopes of clutching it; but have you
ever read with such enthusiasm, such
red-eyed fury displayed in the service of Him whom we describe as
the living God?
Here and there a martyr perhaps,
whom we have tolerantly regarded as
harmless abnormalities, with smile,
tear, or sigh, according to our disposition.
And we know the power of gold.
It floats the majesty of man-made law
and brings contempt upon it, which
Is social chaos. Murder hides with
leering grin behind its camouflage.
Tho rich may revel in their iniquities
behind doors which fear not raid nor
rush, but woe to the poor when they
trangress, for the law in its unhampered wrath, opens wide its dungeons
for their shivering bodies.
We have a prayer which we call
Our Lords Prayer. Wej mumble it
to our own hurt, for we have missed
Its slgnlficanso and its beauty, and
I should like to suggest something
like the following as a substitute for
it, so that we may at least feel that
we are true and consistent in our
supplications, which is a great advantage. -      ...
"01 almighty god of gold, whose
face Is burnished gold; whose heart
is pure gold; whose limbs are nuggetB
of tho purest; in whom there is no
alloy; whose intestines are golden
gullets; whose perpiration is refined,
gold dust; whose breath Is as the
vapor from the crucible of molten
gold; we hail thee with frenzied and
fiery joy. We grovel at thy golden
feot: thou art our life, our breath,
our thoughts, our soul; we sacrifice
to thee our honor, our humanity, our
love, our all: at thy command we
will plunge into the bottomless pit
or slay without fear or favor: we are
thine. O! shining god of gold, for
thou art tho truth, the light, the
first and only cause and when thou
turnest from us wo are damned and
cast into the outer and utter darkness of despair, O! god, O! golden
god, pour thy riches we beseech
thee into thy servant's life. Amen
and Amen  for ever and for ever."
[Note—As many enquiries retch
this office from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
—Ed.l 	
P. A,—Much appreciate your letter
which sums up the ideal for tbe worker, a full week's pay for a fair
week's work, with full time for recreation and study, when he need;,
not worry about old age, knowing he
will be cared for as hia right, by the
Commonwealth, when we are not
taxed for parasites to fatten on, for
wars and for grafters and profiteers.
Be sure, that time will come, all right,
all right! See us when you come to
Vancouver,
E. GRAY—J. Wilson, and others
referred to last weok. The figures
were unavoidably crowded out. but
appear In this Issue.
S. Watson—The Mr. Stead you refer to Is F. H. Stead, warden of the
Broeouing Hall, London. In his book
he certainly succeeds in showing that
the labor movement in its aims and
ideals is at heart a religious movement. How can it be anything else,
when it alms arc for the good of
humanity.
W. WHITE—Mexico is doing well,
and great hopes are felt that President Calles, may, with his sabor government be the stabilizing force after
the revolutions of many years.
MRS. A. Parker—Samuel Gompers
was born In London, England In 1850,
of a Jewish family, came to the United States in 1863. One writer of a
biographical artielo says: "he was, In
my opinion, one of the ten or twelvo
greatest Americans. . . .his greatness
was as much in his enemies as in
his friends."
Better Beer
And it costs no more!
Mndo from the very finest of
hops nnd molt nt Vancouver's
most hygienic brewery.
Insist on "Cascade"
Thla advertisement is not published
in* displayed by  the Liquor Control
Hoard or by the Government of British Columbia.
,   .   .1.    ,   .   ...    ...    ...   ...!..
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closea at 6 p.m.
'Two Notable
Hosiery
Values
HOLEPROOF PLATED
SILK HOSE—In black,
aircdale, log cabin, Indian'
tan, grey or brown. Sizes
to 10l/2. Special ?1.00,
a pair.
HARVEY SILK HOSE—
In black, stone grey, platinum, camel or pongee;
heavy quality. Special,
$1.__5 a pair.
—Dry-idalo's Hosiery  Shop,
Main Floor
575 OranviUe Street
Phone Seymour 3S40
Victims of Militury Rule
All nations attempting to live by
conquest end b.v being themselves the
victims of a military tyranny precisely
similar to that which they hope to inflict; or, in other terms, the attompt
to impose by force of nrms a disadvantageous commercial situation to
the advantage of the conqueror's falling a victim to the very disadvantage
from which he hoped by a process of
spoliation to profit.—Norman Angell.
Wonderful Spring Suits at
$24.90
TEN different new styles, in overy
size, for every type of figure. High
quality Polret Twill In new colors, including greens and brick shades. A
suit that will take the town by storm
onco the exceptional valuo Ib recognized.
Famous b^oo-m.
619-623 Hunting. Street West
Vancouver Turkish Bathi
Will Cure Tour Rheumatism, Lumbago,
Neuritis or Bad Oold
Massage a Specialty
PACIFIC  BUILDING
744 Hastings St. W.   Phone Sey. 2070
Phone Sey. 1198.        312 CARRALL ST.
G. S. MASON & CO.
Established  1S8S
A FAOTOBT FOB REPAIBINO HIOH-
OBADE WATCHES, CLOCKS,
CHBONOMETBBS AND JEWELRY
Eyes Tested and Glasses Fitted by registered Optometrist
Next Week at tlie Orplwiun
Nan Halperin, distinctive singing
comedienne, whoae rapid rise in vaudeville a few year ago led her to
stardom in musical comedies and
spectacular revues, is headlining at
the Orpheum theatre next week, February 19, 20 and 21, a remarkable bill
of vaudeville.
"I Think You Touch," Is the title
of a dialect comedy classic, presented
by Harry Burns, popular in vaudevUle
and musical comedy as an Italian
comedian. Walter Baldwin and Ger-
aldlne Blair and a capable company
appear in a snappy comedy sketch
callod "The Sleeping Porch." It was
produced by Jlosallo Stewart, a prolific Broadway producer. That pretty and most expert of high-kicking
dancers. Miss Binille Lea, is returning noxt week, assisted by Clarence
Rock and Sam Kaufman. This season the trio evolved a new little story
for their dancing and Hinging numbers, called "Paying the Rent," and
contains a mixture of comedy to
launch the varied dances into a speeding success. The Sterlings present a
"Sterling Novelty". Perez and Marguerite, have an original offering that
Is new to vaudeville. Kharum the
Persian Pianist is an Orion(#1 novelty
which is a surprise act.
Topics of tho day and "Black Magic," an Aesop's Fable along with the
Orpheum concert orchestra In musical selections completes a most interesting  program.
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every reader of The Federal lonlst
can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as mon ao
they aro due. and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It docH not take
much effort to do this.   Try ft.
It Is not so desirable to cultivate a
respect for the law as for the tight.—
Thoreau.
Beforo the war there were 50 museums In Russia. Now there are about
250. Large numbers are being opened
in the provinces and many of the art
treasures from former noblemen's
homes in Leningrad are being sent
to provincial museums.
Phone Seymour 2354
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITE 301, DOMINION BUILDINO
 VANOOTJVBB, B. 0.
The Enemy
Of Loneliness
lVTO NEED of feeling lonely
•*•* when there Is a telephone
in your house. Through It you
can pay a visit to your friends,
whether they live three blocks
or three hundred miles away.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT.
TTAVE you ever had a real drink
■"•of Pure Apple Cider during tha
last few years?
To meet the deslrea of many clients,
we haye Introduced reeently a pnre dear
sparkling apple eider ln pint buttles,
either pare sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple eider. These drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
canbonlo acid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Writ* or phone yonr order
today, Highland 90.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Mumf.ctur.ta
1965 OommsrcUl Drift, Vmmutw, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBISTEBi, SOLIOITOBS. BTO.
401-408 HatropoUtu BnUdlni
837 Huting. St. W. VAXOOUVBB. B. 0.
T.lopboo.l: Seymonr 6666 and 6667
FIRST CHURCH  OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 Oeorgia SttMt
Hunday sorvlces, 11 a.m. and 7)80 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
901-908 Birks Bldg.
BANKING SERVICE
THE UNION BANK OP CANADA, with its chain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established Sll Years fRIDAY February   13,   1925
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.    No.  7. BRITISH    COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER. B.C.
tAGE THREE
[Timely Topics
TiERNAIlD ^HAW, whoso Ideas are
■P nothing jf not contrary to every
'oiU else's, reminds ub sbmewher?
that the bulk of our "charity" IS
folly, because we turn our attention
only to the deserving poor. He pleads
for the undeserving poor; those who
haven't the energy, or the will-power,
'or the knowledge, or the application,
to make a "success" of even obtaining bread and butter. Society, however, takes' a different view, and adds
its heavy condemnation to the. already rather burdensome lack of ambition and effort on the part of unfortunate, undeserving poor.
But then it's really hard 'to say just
who is deserving and who isn't. Comparatively speaking, it is .not very
long ago since "vagabonds," that is
to say, the unemployed, were treated
very cruelly by an Ignorant govern'
mont and its Illiterate J.P.'s. Now'
adays we have reached the stago
where we givo vagrants (the unemployed po*6r) free lodgings in his
majesty's gaol or pay them a dole or
■ just let them starve. When the end
of tho world comes (and there's
big difference of opinion between the
strictly orthodox and the adventists)
civilization will have a big charge to
face,
* •    •
A famous psychologist points out
that whenever a man is sent to prison, the rest of society should go too.
In strict justice. For every criminal,
every weak drug or alcoholic addict,
is really the victim of circumstances:
circumstances for which society is
responsible, But society realises few
of its responsibilities. Because the
individual sees no further than his
own back door. We wonder what
Bernard Shaw would say in the matter!
* •    •
No doubt he would pass a few
complimentary remarks on the police
court system. The mnchinery of the
police court system, to be correct.
And he would compare lt with what
ought to be in this so-called age of
1 science  and  reason.     In  judging   a
1 criminal, account would be taken of
these facts: who profited by the offence —■ whethor an international
clique of drug producers, or a liquor
corporation, or just the miserable In-
dlvidunl in question; the history of
tho offender; whether or no he was
responsible for his make-up, mental
or otherwise; whether or no he had
chosen and arranged    his    environ;
1 ment; whether or no he was responsible for tho economic or domestic
conditions which forced him into his
present position. No doubt the authority in question would recommend
some treatment or decent living conditions    or    interesting    work.    But
- after all, wo arc still groaning under
the capitalist system, the profit system. So such procedures would bo
entirely useless and fnr too costly.
ARTICLE XVII,
I do not like the name Empire
conveys   Ideas   of   mastery   over
willing populations.—Viscount Morley
Mr. Dooley on Mr. Dubb
" 'Tls a sthrange thing when
erne to think lv it that the' less money
a man gets f'r his wurruk, th' more
nlcissary it is to the wurruld tha he
shud go on wurrukin'. Ye'er boss can
go to Paris on a combination wedding
and divoorce thrlp, an' no wan both
ers his head about him.
"But if ye shud go to Paris—excuse
me f'r laughin' mesllf black in th' face
-th' industhrees iv th* counthry
Pines away."—Mr. Dooley,
Premier Wellington
COAL
1500  lbs. lump,  $0.50
1500 lbs. egg 90.25
j. d. McNeill goal oo. ltd
t 224  ABBOTT ST. Sej.  4288
Vancouver Unions
ALLTED   PRINTINO TRADES COTJNUIL—
Meots seoond Monday in the montk.    President, J. R. White; seoretary, R. H. Neelands   P   n   Rox Bfl.
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111—
319 IVnder St. West—'Business meetings
every Wednesday evening. A. Maolnnia,
chairman; E, H, Morrison, sec-treas.; Oeo.
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street. Vancouver.
3. C, corresponding seoretary.
Any district In British Columbia desiring
Information re securing speakers or the formation of looal branches, kindly communicate
with provlnolal Seoretary J. Lyle Telford,
534 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Tel'*
»hone Seymour 13BB, or Bnyvlow 5520,
.BAKEFV SALESMEN, LOOAL 371—Meets
1 second Thursday every montb In Holdon
Building. Frosident, J. Brightwell; flnanclal
eecretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
East.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helpers of America, Local 194—Meetings flrst
and third Mondays in each montb in Holden
Building. President, P. Willie; secretary, A.
Fraser. Offlce hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6
p.m.	
CIVIO EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets flrst
and third Fridays ln each month, at 445
Richards Btreet. President, David Cuthlll,
2862 Albert Streot; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Btreet.	
ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
of Steam and Operating, Local 682—
MeetB every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
806 Holden Bldg. President, Charles Price;
business agent and financial secretary, F. L.
Hunt;   recording eecretary, J. T. Venn.
MUSICIANS'      MUTUAL      PROTECTIV1
UNION, Local 146, A. F. of M.—Meets ln
i G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
second Sunday at 10 a.m. President, E. 0.
Miller,  891 Nelson Street;   secretary,  E. A.
1 Jomieson, 991 Nelson Street; flnanclal aeerstary, W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson Street;
organiser, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street.
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meets at 091 Nelson Street, at 11
a.m. on the Tuesday preceding tho lBt Sunday of the month. President, Harry Pearson,
"91 Nelson Street; Secretary, E. A. Jamie-
on, 991 Nolson Stroet; Business Agont, F.
Fletcher,' 991 Nelson St. .
TVPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—President, R. P. Pettiploco; vlce-president. C.
\ Campbell; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Net*
lands, P. 0. Box Oil. tf Meets last Sunday of
each month at 2 p.m. in Holden Building, 16
Hastings Street East.
PRINCE RUPERT TY Pit GRAPHICAL
„ UNION, No. 418—President, 8. D. Maedonald. secretary-treasnrer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 889.   Moets last Thureday of each
lUOIllh
[By Charles Hill-Tout, P. R. S. C,
F. R. A. I., etc.]
(All Rights Reserved)
In the last article we traced the
evolution of the Amphibia, the earliest of the land vertebrates from some
preceding fish-like form, and saw
that although there still remains
some difference of opinion among
evolutionists concerning the precise
line of descent of these animals,
whether they came from this or that
species of flsh, no doubt at all exists
in thoir minds concerning the fact of
this plclne descent.
The early aquactlc phase of life
these intermediate forms normally
pass through, and their possession
during this period of fish-like gills
or water-breathing organs, placed
thcir origin beyond doubt or ques
tion, The remarkable metamorphosis
theso creatures undergo at the close
of their larval life today is, perhaps,
the best and clearest Instance that
can be offered of tho truth of the
biogenetic law, that the early life-
history of the individual (ontogeny)
Is In large measure a recapitulation
of the life-history of the species to
which it belongs  (phylogeny).
The Amphibia during tho first
three months of their existence may
be said literally to climb up their
own ancestral tree, and no reasonable
explanation of these recapitulative
phases ean be given apart from tho
doctrine of evolution. Apply this
principlo and the life-cycle of the
frog or newt, with the deep-seated
transformations manifested therein,
becomes clear and illuminating.- Disregard it and one is faced with an
inexplicable problem. No "Fundamentalist" teaching can solve it.
Taken nt one period of thofi' existence the Amphibia are glll-breath-
ing flsh that cannot live out of the
water. At a later period they are
seen to be lung-breathing animals
that cannot exist ln and under water
for any length of time any more than
we can ourselves. If, as the anti:
evolutionist would have us believe,
tbey were created out of hand in the
beginning, In which of the two
phases of their lives were they
brought into being? As flsh or as
land animals? And how did the
fish-form become the land-form or
vice versa, if there be no evolutionary
process In nature?    *
Between the Amphibia and the
next higher class of land vertebrates,
the Roptllla, the gap ia slight, They
merge almost Insensibly into each
other. During the Carboniferous,
und the earlier phases of the succeeding Permian period, important
changes of the land surfaces took
place. The shore zones underwent
elevation which brought about a can-
It sequent recession of the sea. This
resulted in a .more varied habitat for
the Amphibia which apparently
called forth new adaptive responses
on their part; for we find many new
forms now arising. The earliest fossil Amphibians known to us were
characterized by layers of fish-like
scales on the surface of their
bodies, which we can only suppose
wore Inheritances from ' their piclne
ancestors. This feature disappears
In the newer types, and we find the
same variety of forms arising among
them as were later to appear among
and characterize the Reptilla. Thus
we have the Salamander-like Eumi
crerpeton, the eel-shaped Ptyonlus
With its single pair of short limbs,
and the strange-looking Diplocaulus
whose solid, broad, bony skull
had the. appearance of a gigantic,
triangular arrow-head attached to
the spinal column. There were also
alllgator-llke forms and others with
protective armature and enormous
spines.
The Amphibia reached their greatest development during the Permian
and early Triasslc periods, some of
them during the latter period attaining immense proportions. One of
these, known as the Mastodonsaurus
on account of its great size, had a
skull four feet In length and a body
nearly 20 feet long. In general appearance it resembled the present-
day Salamander. Thus the Salamander type is seen to be ono of the
most persistent of all the Amphibian forms. It is one of the
earliest types known to us and Is
also one of the most interesting and
characteristic forrjis of the modern
Amphibia,
Another of these huge late Permian forms was the Eryops, a eroco-
dlle-llke creature with massive head,
short, strong limbs and a long, powerful tail.
With the closing of the Permian
tnd the on-coming of the succeeding
Triasslc period, the golden age of the
Amphibia passes away to give place
to that of thc more highly-organized
Reptilla. From this time onward the
evidence of their presence grows Ichs
and less. In the Cretaceous only a
few fossil .specimens of the small
Salamander type are found, after
which the links between tho modern
Amphibia and the more ancient
forms—apart from the Salamander*
—are wholly absent. The day of the
Amphibia in over,
But so Insensibly nre the Amphibians of the Permian seen to merge
Into the Reptiles that it is often quite
difficult to determine from the ex-
lernal appearance of tho fossil alone
whether lt belongs to the Amphibia
or to tho Reptillln. There is, however,
one important structural difference
betweon the two great classes. In
the Amphlhifi articulation of the
skull with tho bnck-bone in effected
by means of two knuckle-like condyles or  bony    projections.     In    the
•reptiles, as In .tfie birds which* evolv
from them, there is only one of these
condyles. This fundamental, anatomical difference enables us to distinguish between one fossil form and
another from' these geological periods, and feel certain which wo are
dealing with when these parts of the
skeleton are present. Another ehnr-
acteristlc difference between the two
.classes is thai the Reptiles aro exclusively air-breathing, lunged-am-
mals, They never rear their young
In the water as we have seen the
Amphibia normally still do. Yet
Iheir genetic relation to and descent
from the Amphibia is plainly evidenced by the presence of gill-silts
and traces of tho gills themselves In
the embryos of certain of the Reptilla,
Our earliest knowledge of the
Reptiles dates from the Permian,
We know of none before this poriod.
The most primitive forms known to
us are termed cotylosaurs. These
differ from their later kindred by
the possession • ot solid, rooi'-lilce
skulls. They closely resemble in this
respect thc solid-headed kind of Am
phibla known as the Stagocephalla
from which, Oaborn thinks, they ar
derived. They are a kind of animal
intermediate between the Amphibia
and the Reptilla proper.
The rise and distribution of the
Reptiles would appear from the fossil evidence to have been rapid, geologically speaking, when once they
had been evolved. Their range of
form ano> structure was wide and
varied, and their adaptive responses
to their environment very remarkable. We find them living under
almost every possible condition of
life. There were aquatic, paddle-
footed, free-swimming forms like
Limnocells, which propelled itself by
means of Its long tail; semi-aquatic,
short-tailed forms such as Labido-
saurus. There. were marginal or
marshland forms, insectivorous or
carnivorous In their habits. Terrestrial, lacustlne, fluvlatllo and aerial
forms both herbivorous and carnivorous; some being active during the
day and othors during the night.
Some of the terrestrial forms, the
Dinosaurs, were of fearsome aspect,
massive, predaceous creatures with
sharp dog-like teeth. Other of the
gigantic terrestrial forms were herbaceous in habit, feeding upon the
leaves and shoots of trees. Three of
theso great Sauropods, as they are
termed, namely Dlplodocus, Camara-
saurus and Brachyosarus, attained
lncredlblo proportions having bodies
100 feet or more in length most of
which, howevor, was composed of
their huge nocks and enormous tails.
They could brouse with ease upon
trees 20 to 25 feet high.
Taking the Reptilla as a whole
they comprise no less than eighteen
distinct orders which are again subdivided Into a great numbor of fam-
generu and species. These
eighteen orders sprang originally
from some common Amphibian ancestor; and though wo cannot yet
positively assert what this common
ancestral form was, there are good
ferounds for thinking that it was of
the Varanops type, a primitive,
lizard-like creature resembling in
general appearance the modern
monitor lizard Varanus. it had a
long tall and four limbs of equal proportions each carrying five digits.
Its structuro was such that in the
opinion of Osborn It could easily
have been lhe prototype from which
all the eighteen orders of the Reptilla might have sprung.
The Reptilian period extends from
the Permian, the closing phase of the
Palaeozoic, through the whole Meso-
zolc or middle-life era to the
Eocene, the earliest phase of the
Calnozoic or modern-lire era—a period of from IB,000,000 to 20,000,000
years.
The Reptiles are the dominant
life-forms of the Mesozoic era. Of
the eighteen orders that camo into
existence five only apparently survived into the Tertiary period. The
descendents of these are represented
by the present-day turtles, tuateras
(the giant lizards of New Zealand),
snakes, lizards and crocodiles. The
passing of the Reptiles is generally
attributed lo the high degree of specialization to which most of thom
had attained, and their consequent
lack of ability to respond to tho very
considerable climatic and other
changes which marked the closo of
the Mesozolc era and ushered ln the
Tertiary period.
Our study of the life-realm has
made It very clear that whilo high
penalization nids an organism in the
struggle for existence, It also carries
with it the doom of early extinction
should radical changes in its life-
conditions take placo; its very specialization rendering It unable to
make the necessnry adaptive responses to these changes.
Two classes of Reptiles stand out
in particular from tho rest as having
high evolutionary Interest for us.
These are the Theromopha or beast-
like forms, and the Pterosaurs or
riying-fornis. Of the former the
Cynodont, a creature with dog-like
teeth, ond the Therodont, a creature
with wild-boast-like teeth are typical
forms, These pro-mammals, as thoy
are called, are now generally regarded by pnlreontologlsts as the
forerunners of tho animals which
were later to succeed and supplant the Reptiles. They were
,mai'ked-off from tho other forms by
their much mdre highly-developed
and sturdier limbs by' which thev
were enabled to f*a\ over tho ground
moro rapidly, and by tho higher
adaptability of their teeth, Speedy
Specialization of the teeth  Is seen to
mammalian development, just as a
lack of it ls characteristic of the
Reptiles generally.        j
Before the geological record had
revealed these pro-mammalian forms
to us it was commonly thought that
the direct line of descent of the later
mammals was through some amphibian ancestor, so difficult was It to
connect the Mammals with the Reptiles, as they were then known to us,
on anatomical grounds alone. The
fortunate discovery of these fossils
not only removes thfs difficulty but
also at the time affords encouragement to hope, that other missing
links will likewise in time be brought
to light; for while anatomy and embryology each yields valuable evidence to the evolutionist, It cannot
carry with It the same degree of
certainty as the more direct evidence
of palaeontology is able to do.
The Pterosaurs or flying-reptiles
constitute one of the most Interesting
of the many strange reptilian forms.
In size they ranged from creatures
not much bigger than a sparrow to
forms with a spread of wing greator
than any bird of today. They are
not to be regarded as t'.ie direct ancestors of the feathered birds later
to appear. They are merely flying
reptiles, and their mode of flight, by
means of bat-like wings, is believed
to havo been a kind of soaring or
gilding motio.i from a highor to' a
lower level. Their chief Interest for
the evolutionist lies in the evidence
they afford of the wide adaptive radiation of the Reptilia. We learn
from these Pterosaurs that the Reptiles had conquered the air as well
as the land and the sea and that in
this way they foreshadowed the birds.
The origin of the feathered, true
birds must be sought, It is believed,
elsewhere, In some small, lizard-like
reptile whose habits of locomotion
were largely bipedal, and which had
been forced to adopt in large measure an arboreal existence to escape its
many enemies. We gather this from
Bome of the peculiar characters displayed by the earliest of the birds
known to us—the Archie opteryx.
The wings of this creature were
tipped with finger-like claws which
on the analogy of the tree-climbing
habits of the present-day young of
the hoatzin, a strange species of
South American bird—it probably
used for climbing purposes. From
Ihis habit of living largely in trees
a modification of its limbs would
have been brought about something
after the manner of that seen in the
flying-squirrel of today. Exactly
what lines this modification followed
wo have at present no means of
knowing. Fossils of the earliest birds
are yet very rare.
Our chief authorities on the evolution of birds and their wings hold two
distinct views as to the origin of the
latter. One, known as the "pair-
wing" theory, deduced from the
earlier studies of the wing of Arch-
teopteryx, regards the long, primary
feathers upon the fore-limb and also
those at the sides of the tiill,
arising from modification of the earlier reptilian scales. The other, known
as the "four-wing theory," more recently put forward by Beebe, and
based principally on the presence of
large feathers on the thighs of the
embryos of modern birds, accounts
for the later disappearance of the
hind-leg wings by increasing non-use
the flight function of the fore-
limbs and the steering-function
of the tall became more and more
developed and specialized. As our
knowledge of tht primitive fossil
birds increases we may be able to
determine which of these two views
is the more correct one,
But though we are as yet uncertain
of the precise mode of evolution of
the wings of the bird, no doubt at all
exists as to the reptilian origin of thc
birds themselves. The earliest fossil
birds known to us possess far too
many striking reptilian characters
for us to entertain any doubt on
this head. The gradual approach, too,
from, the early reptilian forms, all
of which seemed to have possessed
I teeth, to the present-day forms, as
revealed by paUooivtological evidence, also strongly confirms us In
this view. And even the modern
birds, highly modified and specialized
as they are, slill plainly show many
marked reptilian characters. One of
these is tbe way in which the skull
Is articulated with the spine. It is
Identical with that among the reptiles, both birds and reptiles possessing equally but one condyle. This is a
very important homology and carries
much slgnlficanse with ft. Both, too,
are egg-layers.
Another specific chamoter showing
the close relationship between the
two forms Is the third eye-Hd or
"nictitating membrane" common to
bird and reptile alike; only in lhe
former, as we mif.ht expect under the
evolutionary principle, the moving
mechanism of this lid shows an advance upon that In the reptiles similar to that seen in their brains.
It ls not without significance, too,
that certain birds of today never sit
upon their eggs to hatch them, but
bury them in a mound composed of
vegetable matter and earth, and leave
them there for the chemical heat
generated by the decaying matter to
do the hatching. The alligator, one
of the present day amphibians, treats
its eggs in just this way. This significance Is not lessened when we remember that a group of birds which follow this practice Is found In Australia, the region where the evolutionary
process has been less active than elsewhere, and where the most archaic
birds and mammals are to be found
today. It is quite possible these birds
have practiced this reptilian way of
hatching their eggs from Eocene
limes downwards.
The young of these birds havo interesting characters too, which speak
eloquently of tbeir ancestral history.
While In the egg the first downy
covering   Is   shed   and   a  second   nnd
feathers appears, together with the
wing quills. Theyjjare ready for flight
at once when hatched. There is much
significance in this. It furnishes another example of the adaptive power
of llfg-forms, and recalls the Instances of the ready-born frogs and
salamanders, which skipped the tadpole stage.
That the feathers of the birds arc
merely modified scales has been
made quite clear by some recent researches upon the leg-feathers in the
ostrich by Dr. Duerden of the
Rhodes University of South Africa.
He has been able to show that where
the minute scales of the leg pass into
the feathered part above,-they bea'
elementary feathers at the time of
hatching. The scale and the feather
are associated together as If of one
and the same structure, the latter
being clearly an outgrowth of the
former. His observations in this direction have led him to the conclusion
that we can entertain no doubt at all
about the genetic* relationship of tho
birds and reptiles.
The palfcontological record ls thus
seen to be Btrongly supported by
these supplementary lines of evidence. We can have no doubt, therefore, of the reptilian origin of birds.
»        (To be continued)
"Tlio Dumbells" ut the Orpheum
The one big annual event in the
theatrical life of Canada has become
definitely regarded as the yearly visit
of Captain Plunkett and his world-
famous Canadian soldier company,
"The Dumbells," and the mere announcement tha this splendid organization is booked to play an engagement of three nights and Wednesday
matinee, commencing Monday evening, Feburary 16th, at the Orpheum
theatre, Vancouver, Is enough to start
a flock of letters and long distance
phone orders from the nearby cities
and towns. "The Dumbells" are presenting a new revue called "Ace
High," this season, and reports from
the east, where they have been playing the past twenty-flve weeks, would
indicate that it is the greatest show
yet.
All the old favorites including Al
Plunkett, Ross Hamilton, "Red" Newman, Pat Rafferty, Stan Bennett,
Mock" Holland, Ben Allen, Morely
Plunkett and Jimmy Devon, are still
with the company, in addition to a
dozen new "stars". There are twenty-
two new song hits in "Ace High" and
the sketches are also new and highly
diverting.
The coal Industry has been ruined
under private enterprise. Nationalisation Is an absolute practical necessity.
—A. J. Cook.
Our business is to persevere, consolidate, and convert public opinion
to the sane doctrines of the Labor
party.—J. R. Clynes, M. P.
It is .because of the existing injus<
tices and the utter inability of prl
vate ownership to satisfy the aspira
tions of our people and the necessities
of the public, that the agitation for
nationalisation must go ceaselessly
forward.—A   J. Cook.
Pass The Fedorationist along to
■our friends. Help it in its fight for
justice.
If you are really in sympathy
with labor, be a booster. The
Federationist is out to do its bit.
Help it,
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your own convenience. It's an opportunity
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off the purchase another day. Enjoy the comfort
of cleaning house with this wonderful new model
Hoover, with the ten revolutionary features. Let
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people. Phone the Hoover department today and
ask for a free home demonstration.
—Fourth Floor.
(_> T      wc*wfrowwm-„ VDm wt nro      P ***v
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
I believe Labor is "politics with a
difference," and the causo is worthy
of the best that can be put into It.—
Albert Law.
Be sure to notify the post office as
noon as you change your address.
OOBPOBATION OF POINT OBBT
Tenders for Clearing,  Grubbing
and Contour Grading Streets
SEALED TENDERS, addr.'SKod to the undersigned, for tho clearing, grubbing and
contour grading of eortain streets will bo
received by tho Council up to 8 o'cloek p.m.
on Monday, February ICth, 1925.
A list of streets, specifications, condl'
tions anil form of tender may be obtained
on application to tho Municipal Engineer on
payment of Five Dollars ($5.00), which will
bo roturned if a benn fide tender Is made.
A deposit by certified cheque of Tea (10)
per cent, of the amount of the tender must
accompany each louder as Bocurity thftt, If
called upon, the Contractor will enter Into
a contract for the work and provido tho required  bond.
Tenders   must ho marked on   the  outside
Tender  for   Clearing,  ete."
Canvassing   members   of   the   Council   for
nny uf  tills  business will bo held to be ft
diFKpinljficntion-
The lowest or ony tender not necessarily
accepted.
HENRY FLOYD, C.M.O.
Municipal Hall,  5851 West Boulevard,   Vancouver,  B.  C,  February 6th,  1025.
Only In a world of sincere men is
unity possible—and there, In tho long
run, it is as good as certain.—Carlyle.
NOTICE OF SALE OF SEIZED
CAB
IOBS. WILSON, Oity, an* SETMOUB AUTO
BALES, 777 Seymou Street, Olty:
TAKE NOTIOE that I kave seized Chovro-
lot Touring Car, Model 490, Serial No.
913044, for Repairs aad Storage to the
amount of $105.00; that I will sell the
same at Public Aucli.a at 2331 Victoria
Drive, Vancouver, on Fiuardty, February 28,
1025, ut 2 p.m., to the highest bidder for
eash to satisfy tha aboff claim, together
with tho cost of this advertisement.
Dated thia llth day of February,  1925.
(Signed)   DAVID HINTZ.
NOTICE
TAK?) NOTICE that Ihe Annual Oeneral
Meeting of tho shareholders of the Contra! Oity Mission Ltd. will bo held at 233
Abbott, in tho City of Vancouver, British
Columbia, on Monday, lfith day of Fob.,
1025, at tho hour of I o'clock p.m.., for
tho purpose of electing directors and officers for the ensuing yoar, receiving of annual reports and trausaetlng such other
business as Ib usually transacted at tho
annual general meeting of a company.
DATED at Vancouver, this 15th day of
.n..   1925. '
Jan., 1925,
E.  BROWNLOW,
Socretary.
be   one   of   the   marked   features   of more complicated generation of down
B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OP BRITISH COLUMBIA
Published in thc Interests of All Workers
■THE party is desirous of making what contribution it can to the better-
1 ment of society. It realizes that the most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movemont. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
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Contributions for The Federationist are always welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper. Matter for publication should
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noon.
You must have The Federationist in thc home each week to keep in touch
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B. C. FEDERATIONIST
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C. PAGE POUR
SEVENTEENTH YEAH.    No.
7. BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopvr. b.a
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Woman and the
Game of War
[By MBS. BOSE HENDEBSON.]
(Continued from last week)
Music in the Schools
COME time ago the writer went
to the John Oliver high achool,
to hear the children from several of
the South Vancouver schools, givo a
concert ln aid of the Elks' Christmas
fund. The conditions under which
they appeared were not calculated to
enhance the beauty of the performance, there being no dressing rooms
suitable, and very little stage accommodations. There was at once evidence of an enthusiasm on the part
of a section of the teachers, which
is likely to produce good results In
the near future, if proper encouragement and opportunity be given.
Musically, with the exception of a
very tuneful little operetta, and several girls' choruses, the performance
was crude and lacking in the finer
points, and altogether gave evidence
of how far we are behind in school
music in our community.
The object of the.writer is not to
attempt to belittle the work of the
teachers, or the children, as there
was evidence of hard work throughout the whole performance, much of
it, no doubt, done after regular
school hours. There was also a quiet
dignity and lack of sophistication,
which showed the evidence of skilled
training. The fact that apart alto
gether from its aesthetic value, music
is the greatest factor in developing
the artistic temperament in man
kind, is the sole reason for my taking this opportunity of advocating its
inclusion in the curriculum of our
schools.
Music Js the natural means of expression of lhe pure emotions of
the human soul, and one of the
greatest essentials in the new civilization which Is rapidly approaching,
is that the coming generation should
have their minds attuned to the high
ideals of love, liberty and brotherhood.
It has heretofore been the privilege
of the wealthy to have all tho advantage of culture. The lime has come
when the children of thc masses
must  have  all  tlie   essentials  to  a
full, uncribbed and wide horizonod
manhood.
Mahomet the Prophet Is credited
with saying: "If I had two pennies,
with one I would buy bread, and
with the other violets," thereby placing the appreciation and enjoyment
of the arts on an equal plane with
the pursuit of the essential loaves
and fishes. The educational system
of today has little time for violets,
its object being to train the children
to become efficient cogs in the wheals
of industry; to have their day and
cease to be. as part of the machinery
which grinds out profits for the few.
The parent teachers' associations and
other bodies interested in education,
can do a good work in this connection.
First—By seeing to it that time be
given to the study of good  music.
Second—By pressing for the ap
pointment of a qualified instructor to
superintend and direct the work of
tho teachers.
Third—By establishing a school'
competitive festival or becoming associated with the existing festival and
establishing classes for annual competition, making entries from each
school compulsory.
Fourth—By establishing open air
classes in the summer at the beaches
and in the open spaces for the teaching of singing games, action songs,
etc., so that the children will sing
sweetly ln their play instead of rancorous]!', as Is their want in these
uncultured days.
Take a hand in this work, fathers
and mothers, and know that your
boys and girls will grow up to love
the beautiful and know not that
which,  ls  vile.
Laws grind  the poor and ihe rich
men rule the law—Oliver Goldsmith.
(JET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tho greatest assistance Hint tho
readers of Tlie Federatloniat can render tis at tills time. Is hy securing o
now subscriber. By doing so yon
spread tlie news nf the working class
movement ami assist us.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
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Tbii .Atettitement Is not pubUsled ar displayed by tb* Liquor Control Botrd or
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Court Whist Cards, 15o per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Fresh  Cut  Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta,
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Sey. 2399
Muddling Through
Pass in Melancholy Procession
If these boys, as they passed by in the melancholy procession,
eould look into your eyes or could speak to you, what do you imagine
their message would be? Would they tell you ol the victories and
heroics of war, or would they tell you that in war there are no
victories or vanquished? The common people who supply the canon
fodder pay the cost—95 per cent, of all the cost—in life, suffering
and taxation for generations after the war is over. They would tell
you that for every Victoria Cross on the breast of the living there
are 100,000 wooden crosses on the graves of the dead. They would
not tell you of the glories of war; they would try to unfold, as
Philip Gibbs does, in his book, "The Realities of War," what war
really is. They would not speak of victories and victory balls. They
would not speak of ''magnificent charges'' and '' triumphal
marches." They would not speak of "territories taken," "armies
captured," "cities razed." Their message would not deal with
profits, oil wells, coal fields and "spheres of influence." Rather
would they demand that the women of the world search out the
causes of war, where the germs of war are hatched and nurtured,
and having found the source of the disease, join with thc mothers
of every land to wipe from the face of the earth war—the senseless,
loathsome, diabolical game of war. When women set themselves the
task of finding out the true cause of war, they will need to prepare
to be shocked. The lie of its causes and sole responsibility has been
trotted out by so many "good people" and "reliable authorities,"
for so long it has, I fear, become for most people an undeniable truth.
There was never less excuse for retaining this unfounded belief.
Never less excuse for remaining ignorant of the true onuses of war
—if women will only set themselves flic task of reading books written
by Brailsford, Lowes Dickenson, Bertrand Russell, Morel, Seymour
Cox and Seott Nearing.
If the dead could but return for one hour, lhat hour would be
spent in shocking the women of the world into a sense of their
responsibility. They would portray as Gibbs tries to do in his
book, war in all its realities. Even Gibbs palls before tbe task and
says he sickened because the things he saw wore so unspeakable
and the worst of them unprintable.
"All that tbe mind would shrink from of excesses;
All that thc body perpetrates of bad;
AU that we read, hear, dream of man's distresses;
All that the devil would do if run stark mad;
All that defies the worst which pen expresses;
All by which hell is peopled."        —Byron, Don Juan.
But who can portray the realities of war? Its cost in life, its
moral degredation, its foul miasma of lies, hate and fear? Thc scars
of thc body are minute as compared to the scars that corrupt the
mind, becken the soul and poison both soul and body of generations
yet unborn.
Tf these dead men could speak, they would tell a story of hero-
siu and cowardice, murder and mirth, selfishness and sacrifice,
aughter and tears, groans of agony and shouts of victory, prayers
nd curses, despair and disillusionment, dope and debauchery, pro-
anity and obscenity such as would beggar the imagination.
If these dead heroes could speak', they would tell of romance-
yea, of heroric deeds of bravery and sacrifice, yes—but they would
concern themelves far moro with the side of war that is shrouded in
silence, and of which women arc kept in ignorance, for good reasons.
They would unfold a story that would shock women with a greater
sense of responsibility towards their children, and arouse in them
hatred and .loathing i'or the whole horrible game of war that would
make war well nigh impossible. Let mothers once understand the
horrors of war and there will be few so unhuman as to turn thcir
sons over to it by the millions, unquestionably as they do today.
They would tell of their mangled comrades writhing in trenches
tormented hy lice, rats and mice, wallowing like swine iu the blood,
mud and filth of the battle fields. They would speak of barbed wire
entanglements, shell-holes, guns, tanks, bombs, greuades; liquid
flame, ilisease germs, poison gas, the babblings of the insane, and the
ungodly spectacle of millions of men, armed with every device
known to science, doing one another to death over tho length and
breadth of a continent.
And yet this picture but lifts the curtain on the (irst act of the
drama of war. It would convey only a glimmer of the suffering thai
men endure.
Back of the millions of men are millions of women—mother,
wife, sister or sweetheart. Back of these women are millions of chil
dren, the mute, outraged, exploited victims of an accursed system
making for war.
Capitalized Value of Life
This computation is based on tbe estimate of thc value of human life made by M. Barriot, a French acturary, fourteen years ago.
He estimated thc average social value of the individual to thc lead
ing countries as follows:
I_higland....£828   United Slalos.__.£944   France....£500   Russia....£404
The Morning Post then reaches the following figures:
Great Britain       983,904      £ 695,420,512
United States       109,740 103,549,560
France     1,654,550 963,639,000
Russia       4,012,064        1,620,873,856
Bankers figure thc cost of war in money; manufacturers in lost
labor-power and raw materials; merchants in ruined commodities
and lost markets; humanitarians in loss of life; money changers
would barter and wrangle over their profits and losses. Ministers
of the gospel speculate on thcir heavenly gain in departing souls or
acquired virtues in war, but, so far, no onc has dared to estimate the
cosl of war to those innocent, helpless victims who bear the greatest burden, the women and children of thc masses. The mother
heart sinks as she catches a last glimpse of thc babe she has born
on his way to embark. The wife stiffles the anguish and terror that
clutches at her heart, when she hears thc words, "I'm called up."
Dazed, like an animal at bay, she gathers her babes around her, and
shudders as she thinks of facing the world alone—protector, breadwinner gone. The father of her babes laken from her without question. The maidens heart sinks when she questions, "Will he ever
return?" and sees her dreams of home and children shattered perhaps forever.
In her heart of hearts overy intelligent woman questions if her
men folk will be strong enough to withstand the moral degradation
of the battlefield and war physcbology, and fears when they are returned to their homes of tbeir moral and physical fitness to be
fathers and husbands.
For thc women of the middle and ruling classes, generally
speaking, war exists for them in conversations, military balls, reviews, victory balls, anniversary banquets, organizing and raising
patriotic funds, and kindred activities. Their husbands and sons to
be sure go to war, but. keep well away from the danger zones. They
are officers or subordinates. They fight the war by telephone, from
arm chairs, and luxurious clubs, the best thai can be provided is
theirs by "divine right," aud their wives and families arc especially
favored in many ways, They belong to a different class, many having large investments in munition Avorks, railroads, shipping, etc.
(To be continued)
TV7E ARE muddling along nicely
these days. The report of the
recent meeting at the joint conference on law enforcement between the
city authorities and the local M. I_.
A.'s was Indeed enlightening reading.
They are finding lt difficult to enforce
their righteous laws which is a very
serious state of things.
Though we are quite sure they will
muddle through, one begins to wonder how this muddling process will
ultimately end. Let us look at the
facts. Recently there has been many
major crimes undetected and unpunished and our new member Mr.
Woodward blames the Chief of Police,
we think quite illoglcally. Bootlegging has developed to such, a pitch
that the Attorney-General has had to
come forward and intervene with his
authority, as the government is losing considerable profit by this so-
called Illicit trafficking. »
It would seem that the govornment
and the bootleggers are struggling for
mastery as to which Bhall' Ultimately
control the immoral trafficking In
alcohol.
In the pharmacopce, al-fe'ohbl Is
listed with opium, cocaine and other
narcotic drugs. The government with
its right hand is trying Btrenuously
to put down the sale of opium and
cocaine and with Its left pushing
vigorously the sale of the other narcotic drug, alcohol, for tho unholy
profits that sale produces.
They had a mandate from the people you exclaim. Yes! From a body
of voters engineered by what ^
called the Moderation League, and It
they want it they can get a mandate
from a moderation league of the
other dope takers. There would be
a lot of money in that too. Why not
try it?
Manson and his colleagues are filling our prisons with men and women
for doing that which they themsel
ves are doing, peddling alcohol. A
corkscrew kind of logic, Isn't it? And
a hybrid species of morality also,
There is only one letter's difference
between might and right but a whale
of a difference otherwise,
Pity the poor police. There is
cause for the ever increasing crime
which is easy to point to. Anyhow
the polico are not the cause, Mr.
Woodward. If you don't know that
causo consult tho pagos of the 13. C.
Federationist, aud you will soon find
out.
Serious crimes, occuring as they do
evory day, there must be hundreds of
those crimes on the Police list, and
how do you suppose the police are
going to nttend to them. They couldn't give fivo minutes a day to each
unsolved crime. Their day would
have to bo a month long to do that
and each day the long list lengthens.
When the police are called in to those
clueless cases, what arc they to do,
Mr. Woodward. They can only put
the police machinery to work and
trust to luck, What could you do, Mr.
Woodward, more, than that if you
were called in to solve a crime in
which wns no clue.
The Vancouver Police are as smart
and clever as any other body of crime
dectectors, when they have a clue to
work upon. And. Mr. Woodward, from
the Chief down they are a little above'
the avernge in human ilntelllgence
and I don't think you can claim much
more than that for yourself.
How would It be, Mr. Woodward
to consult your colleagues, and jointly
try and discover the cause of all this
crime, and then If you are successful
try and romove that cause. That per
haps would be move logical and more
COLLINGWOOD   BKANCH F,  L.   P.
The first meeting of the month, of
this branch, was held in its new headquarters in the new Community Hall
on Kingsway. Comrade J. W. Wilson occupied the chair. Applications
for membership were received. The
chairman gave a resume of the meeting of the Burnaby Federation of the
F. L. P., held in the Holden Building
recently. Cmrade J. Neville was appointed delegate to the C. L. P. in
place of Comrade Cropley, who resigned. It was agreed that the officers of this branch for the ensuing
year be elected at this first meeting
In March. A report on the progress
being made for the coming social was
made by Comrade Mrs. Neville.
It Is hoped that a debating club
may be formed shortly in connection
with this branch, arrangements being
left in the care of W. Wilson.
There was some dlscussiota over
Comrade J. W. Wilson having run
at. a candidate for the South Vancouver council while he was not endorsed
by the C. L. P. The branch has requested a committee from the C. L. P.
to come to thcir next meeting to explain the attitude regarding Iheir
stand on this matter.
helpful than casting the blame upon
the police,
A gentleman who reads, or delivers
an oration publicly against a certain
measure, and as publicly votes sheeplike, as bidden, ln opposition to his
oration—well should we designato
him as a black or a white sheep? In
any case a little serious self-analysis
of his own mental and moral atmosphere would do no harm.
Good manners Is quite a virtue, according to the old copy-book text,
which our great Attorney-General
forgot whon he told our mayor, elected by a large majority of Vancouver
citizens, "to hang ardund, and he
might get an interview." A course
of elementary etiquctto would not be
out of placo hore, Mr. Attorney-General, because It is quite true lhat courtesy is a virtuo woll worth practising.
Tbe mythical man in the street is
puzzled these days, for he is begin
ning to realize lhat his "betters" arc
logically, morally and mentally not so
far abovo him, that he cannot reach
them with a very short stick.
Things are not as thoy should bo.
The storm signs are In the sky, and
lo! the people's heads are buried In
cross-word puzzledom. Why scorn
the poor ostrich?
The Federationist is out to holi
the workers. There is no nobler
work. Join us In the fight. Get
your friends  to  subscribe.
Penths  from   cancer    Increased   in
Unitod   States  in   1923.
Nanaimo-Wellington
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"ALL-WHITE HELP"
Leslie Coal Co. Ltd.
014 BEACH AVE.
Phone: Seymour 0408-1528
As to Leadership
Tho crowd will follow a leader who (
marches 20 steps In advance; but if
he Is a thousand stops In front of
tbem thoy do not see and follow him
and any literary freebooter who
chooses may shoot him with impunity.-—George Brandos.
TO THE MEMBERS OF
LABOR
ORGANIZATIONS
Boost for
The Fed.
ODK CIRCULATION IS
INCREASING
GET ANOTHER
NEW SUBSCRIBER
f.liMNf» not iirem-i-lln'it Mil*""
ftbuoliitely necennrj. Kxuiul-
nutlona uinde br **ratlu»*t*
eyeNlKht Bpeclallat.
ttnilHt'actiuu Kuunintwl.
We grind our ono lenneft and
do repairEiiitr. Leune» duplicated  br  mull.
PITMAN OPTICAL HOUSE
ro nil frl j    iirimti  Optical
lloua*
Be   anrr   of   tke   nililremi
Above    Wool worth's    More.
near   Granville
finite   att,    Oavin    Chamber*
«15    HiiNtliiK"   Bt. W.
1'butie any. 10T1
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
DR.   FORSYTHE,   TALMER   GRADUATE
Chlropractor, 709 Dunamulr St.; 10 till 6.
Soy. 0798. Evga, by appt.; Sundays, 3 till 4.
■__*em_%k*—_\
m    CANADA  and U. rt. _.V.   ke
$ Union MusiciansEmptoyed Exclusively |
LEND YOUR PATKONAGE TO THB
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
The  Huh)  tor Socllltlaill
The fight against private ownership
of land and capitnl, the fight for
socialism, for the nation's control of
Ms own resources) i» thd last ilirht in
the age-long struggle of humanity for
freedom; a struggle which can hnve
but ono ond. And that end Ih tlie final
disappearance from human society of
the right of an owning class to live
by tribute upon tlm lnbor of a subject
class.—F. Henderson.
Two hundred Jobless men sleep ln
Now   York   City  church.
Help the press that'i Mping
you. The daily, capitalist press
is no friend of yours, comrade I
Why help it?
Workers! Support Your Own Press!
START  THE   YEAR  RIGHT
ffr O FREQUENTLY we hear workers complaining about the injustice of
/^ the "daily" or "capitalist" press, and about how unfair it is toward the
cause of labor—and yet tbey continue to give their hard-earned money to
perpetuate that institution.
YOUR  OWN   OPPRESSORS
The capitalist press today is thriving on the one and five-cent pieces of
thoughtless—or ignorant—workers, while their own press has to struggle
against long odds in its efforts to serve tbem. Why be your own oppressors?
Why serve in the ranks of the enemy?
THE   REMEDY  IS   SIMPLE
If you are desirous of improving your own condition, and that of your fellowmen, then support the press that is honestly endeavoring to fight your
battle for you. That is the very least you can do for your own cause.
BE   A   "REAL"  BOOSTER   FOR  LABOR
Show your own sincerity of purpose and willingness to serve by subscribing for The Federationist—the workers' friend. Pass your copy on to
some fellow-worker after you have read it.  Urge him to subscribe.
Help The Federationist in its fight for the emancipation of mankind.
The greater our circulation, the more effectual will our efforts be. Apathy
and indifference on the part of the workers is more to be feared than the antagonism of the forces of reaction.
Be true to your cause!  Help boost your own press.
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the Federated Labor Party

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