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British Columbia Federationist May 11, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades^nd Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
Mining Laws of Province Brokers nd Men Die Because
of Dangerous Conditions in W*\ ^s Which Laws
Are Supposed to Saf ■.    ard
TT CAN BE STATED ns a definite fact tht ^ coal mine could not
blow up ii thc management and the ProviiV $. Mines Department
each did their duty—if the one enforced ti,..-'taw and the other
obeyed it.
In the case ot* a mine making gas, the amount of gas given off
is only to a limited extent capable of control by those in charge. But
as the remedy is to load sufficient air into the mine to dilute the gas
und bring it below explosive point, thc only problem in this department of mine safety is to install machinery and maintain air courses
sufficient in capacity to carry thc amount of air necessary to dilute
aud render harmless thc maximum amount of gas that thc mine can
liberate. To arrange that the mine is continuously swept with the
amount of air, is thc duty of the mine management and thc Provincial Mines Inspection Department exists for the purpose of seeing
that thc management docs not fail in this duty. When, therefore, a
mine blows up, the occurrence itself convicts the mine management
and the Mines Inspection Department both.
Notwithstanding the fact that, the responsibility is so definitely
traceable to the parties referred to, unbelievable as it would seem,
thc first act after a mine e\ plosion is to rigidly exclude from the exploded area ovory one but thc parties responsible. With the whole
field and such limit*, d e\ idunce as it might offer, in the hands of those
responsible for tho catastrophe, it is not at all surprising that these
parties Invariably pli
_e the blame for'
tho event cither upon the Almighty
or on a dead miner. ThlFi is /omul to
be a very safe policy, for neither the
former nor the In tier has ever been
known lo talk back.
Running true to form, the Provincial mines department, which always
does the talking for both, hns issued a
statement to the effect that the recent
explosion at Cumberland was caused
by a Chinaman smoking in the mine.
The match stub Is alleged to have
been found. While even this ls possible, a more Improbable story was
never offered to account for the origin
of a mine explosion. A yclone of
force sweeps through miles of mine
workings—It tears down thousands of
tons of rock roof, heavy timbers are
twisted and splintered and shorn off
as if they were matches, and every
moveable object is tossed from It's
place life a feather before a gale, and
when the storm has passed a heavy
black pall of charred and coked dust
settles over all. There must have
been some uncanny intuition tn any
human being knowing where to seek
for the burnt end of a match in th$
wreck of such a tempest as this, and
having found it, it required some
courage to affirm a statement so far
out of touch with any probability or
human experience.
The statement as given in the Vancouver press swings along very comfortably with tho assumption that having offered an explanation as to what
Ignited the gas, the why—the cause—
of the explosion has been explained.
If a company manufacturing explosives stored a few hundred tons in the
heart of the City of Vancouver, and
some Irresponsible ignited it, the public would not be satisfied with the discovery of the match stub that Ut it.
We would still wish to know why explosives were stored at such a point In
defiance of all law and common sense.
The report quoted as to the Cumberland disaster is so tuned and worded as to leavo the impression that
thero is no further questions to be
asked. The question of why, tn defiance to all law and common sense,
.t,he mine atmosphere was in a condition that would burn or explode, is
ignored entirely.
The Coal Mines Regulation Act is a
law designed to secure safe conditions
in the mines. Us enforcement is entirely In the hands of the Provincial
Mines Department.    It outlines what
First Issue of B. C. Musician
a Credit to Local
. Having met with great success tn
their organizing campaign during the
past few months, the Musicians Union
has decided to consolidate thc position by keeping thcir members fully
Informed as to the work of the organisation through the medium of a
trade journal.
The first Issue of the British Columbia Musician appeared on the 8th. In
every way It Is a credit to the organization. Trade matters are fully dealt
with, while E. C. Miller, in an editorial
puts forth the objects of ihe paper, and
in the concluding paragraph, says:
"We are now nearing the end of the
present campaign for new members,
which has brought something like 60
to our organization. Let our journal
now be the means of consolidating our
position. The air is full of rumors
and suggestions as to the further objects of our policy to the future. In
one Instance It is that of an Increased
insurance on the death of a member,
and in others what our attitude should
he from the complex question of grading dance halls to the best method of
combatting the establishment of nonunion bands undei- thc auspices of the
Canadian Amateur Bands Association
Here is the outlet for your superfluous
energy—send In your contributions,
help us with your advice or suggestions. AND IN DOING SO, not only
will you assist your organizntion to a
greater standard of efficiency, but
generally more equitable conditions
will be obtained."
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
shall bc the behavior of thc mine-
worker while underground, and also
the duties of the management. With'
in the last couple of months thero has
boen an ostentatious showing of en
forcing the Act against some crack
brained miners who endangered their
own safety and that of others. So
vigorous has the department become
in this respoct that in ono instance in
which a one-eyed miner, seeing the
possibility of a prosecution for smoking, left the country somewhat hurriedly. It held a antl-mortem Inquiry
and convicted him anyway. Now,
there is no objection to all this, excepting to the studied effort to advertise 'these lapses on the part of the
mine worker. But there ls another
side of this affair. Rule No. 1 of thc
law under which these prosecutions
are held, requires the management to
sweep the mine with sufficient supply
of air to render all gassos harmless.
Three times in the last eight months,
British Columbia mines have blown
(Continued  on  page  4)
Local Man Meets Death in
Strike at Cosmopolis,
Jury Finds Death Was "Accidental" in Spite of
A couple of weeks ago, a logger by
the name of William McCay was killed at the Bay City Mills, at Cosmopolis, Washington, U. S. He is well-
known on the Pacific coast, and particularly amongst the members of the
B, C. Loggers Union, and was for a
time a resident of Burnaby.
McCay was killed by a company
watchman, according lo an eye-witness, who was a veteran of the Groat
War. His statoment appeared In tho
Cosmopolis Times, and reads as follows:
ln regard to the shooting of William
McCay by B. I. Green, night watchman at the Bay City mill, 1 will say
that 1 was an aye-witness, having been
present, however, merely by accident.
The mill officials had laid out a deadline about 100 feet from tbe mill enclosure by dropping a lew boards end
to end fn front of the entrance. It was
along this line that the I, W. XV. pickets were standing, Green was standing n, short distance away, loudly
taunting the crowd of men with abuse
and vile language, including in his remarks something to the effect that no
one belongs to the Industrial Workors
Union but foreigners who cannot
speak English. McCay stepped forward, al this, saying, "Do you moan
that for me?" Green lunged forward
and struck McCay with a club. They
clinched, wrestled on the ground for
a few seconds until McCay, being urged to stop by his comrades, broke
away, leaving Green in a sitting posture. McCay glanced back just ln
time to see Green draw a gun, but too
late lo defend himself. He started to
run from the mill but turned and ran
along the railroad track. The watchman's first bullet went wild, but the
second time he took deliberate aim
over his left arm, felling the plcketer
with a shot through the head. McCay was ahout GO feet from tho line,
and on railroad property wben he fell.
(Signed) C. 13, BARTON.
As usual, tbe coroners jury brought
In a verdict of death by accident; when
the man wbo fired the shot was defending mill property, and while the
man wbo shot McCay was named thore
was no blame attached to him, the
watchman being engaged in protecting property,
A significant feature of the tragedy
was that the verdict was not returned
until several hours aftor the inquest
was commenced.
You may wish to help The Foderationist. You can do bo by renewing
your subscription promptly and Bending In the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Only One Job Doubtful and
Report Expected to Be
The Pile Drivers and Bridgemen
have won their strike. All employers in the city having signed up, and
are paying thc new wage scale, and all
new jobs starting will be run under
union conditions.
AU Jobs out of town, with one exception, arc now being run under the
new wage agreement, and the men
getting the new wage scale as well as
the conditions.
Only one job is in doubt, and there
has not been time to get word as to
the conditions on that job, but the
members of the organization are confident that when the report comes in
that it will be favorable.
Nanaimo Lecture
Professor Mack Eastman, of the U.
B. C, will give a lecture at Nanalmo
on Sunday, May 13, on the "French
and Russian Revolutions." He will
analyze these two epochs in history,
and draw contracts from the two revolutions.
Provincial Officer of Trades
Congress Will Aid in
Securing Charter
A meeting of the newly-formed
laborers organization was bold on
Monday evening, at which VV, Bartlett, chairman of the B, C, Provincial
oxecutive of lhe TradeB and Labor
Congress of Canada, was present. Offlcors wero elected and the question
of a charier discussed.
Brother Bartlett gave an address on
trades unionism, and the work of tho
Trades Congress of Canada, and informed the meeting that be would do
all In his power to secure a charier
for the newly-formed organization,
and expressed his pleasure al the efforts being made by the laborers to
organize. Ho also stated that the
time had come when all workers would
have to organize if they wished to secure decent conditions. He concluded
his address by staling that he would
wiro Tom Moore, with thc idea of securing the fullest possible information
as to the propor means of securing a
charter, and the source from which
it should be obtained.
Ollicers were then elected, and instructed to keep in touch with Bro.
Bartlett, and to follow the advico
given by him on receipt of an answer
to a wire sent to President Moore.
Another meeting of the local will be
held on Monday next in room 312—
310 Pender Street West, at 8 p.m. All
members are requested to attend, and
tt hearty Invitation is given to all laborers to be present nnd to learn the
objects of the organization,
Paris—For the first time sinco ItB
foundation by Cardinal Richelieu,
nearly 300 years ago. the French Academy of Letters has consented to admit a woman candidate, Madame Alfred Mortler (who writes under the
name of "Aurel"), for a vacant seat
among the 40 "Immortals."
Dance Hall at Cigarmakers'
Benefit Like a Reunion.
The whist drive and dance held on
Friday last in tho Alexandra Dancing
Pavilion, In aid of the locked-out Clgarmakers, was a great sucecss. The
committee ln charge expected a large
turnout of trades unionists, and their
hopes were fulfilled.
To any old-time trade unionist, the
dance hall appeared like a re-union of
the trades unionists of the city, for
there were carpenters, plumbers, tailors, In fact all trades and crafts were
The whlst drive prizes wore won hy
the following: Ladles, first prize, Mrs.
Cameron; ladies second, Miss Clyne,
while Mrs. Cowle won the consolation
prize. Por the gents' prizes, there was
great competition, no less than four
tied for the first and second prizes,
and Mr, Petrie, the consolation prize.
Other prizes were distributed during
the evening, but a number are still
unclaimed. Tbe numbers of those
winning tickets are as follows: 173,
60!>,  215,   17(i, 111,  3(13, 535,  112, 273.
The holders of tickets bearing the
above numbers can secure the prizes
at the trades council office, 31!) Pendor Street West, by presenting snme to
the secretary. These prizes will bo
kept until June 4.
The Label Committee and the Clgarmakers appreciate the assistance rendered by the different trades unionists
in making the dance such a success,
and also the following firms, who
donated prizes: David Spencers Ltd.,
Woodwards Lid., Johnson's Shoe
Store, K. Orido, Mainland Cigar Factory, Birt Henry. Balmoral Hotel Cigar
stand, G, J. Fowler, Harry Pickering,
Henry Birks, Pyotts, V. and R. Cigar
Factory. Kurtz Pioneer Cigar Factory.
Hughes Bros., Rlckson's, Hudson's*;
Bay Company, C. D, Bruce and Con
\Vu nte. I
Enquiries are being made as to the
whereabouts ol Kmmctt VV, Allen,
who bas been employed as a cook on
the coast for a C.P.R, crow. His
brothor, W. H. Allen, 42[l Bast Bridge
Street, Blackwoll, Oklahoma, will be
pleased as to Information as io bis
brother's present address.
FRIDAY, Muy 11—City Flic-
flghtQ.B, .M ilk Salesmen and
Dairy Employees.
MONDAY, May 14—U. B, Carpentera & Joiners, Local *>•!:!:
Structural llo" Workers,
Bloolrlcnl Workera, No. 310;
Federal Labor Union, Stereo-
TUESDAY, Moy 10—Track's and
Lalior ('ouncil.
WEDNESDAY, May 10—Lltho-
THURSDAY, May 17—Machinists, No. IK_; Steam and Operating I'lnKlneers, No. 844;
Tailors' Executive, Plasterers
Vice - President Somerville
Pays a Visit to
Local 692
Local 602 of the International Association of Machinists, held a well-attended meeting on Tuesday evening.
Several new members were admitted.
Vice-president "Jim Somerville," of
.Moose Jaw, was present, and spoke on
the railroad and contract shop conditions throughout the country, and In
the Western States.
The local situation was also dealt
with, and lt was intimated that four
of the largest shops in Vancouver had
reached an understanding with the
local, and will pay the union scale of
7f> cents per hour.
The local will continue the efforts
which have boen made to organize the
district 100 per cent., and every member of tho organization should become
a business agent. The organizer,
without assistance, can do little, but
with aid, he will and can accomplish
that which will bring about an organization which will function In the
interests of the machinists.
Will Debate on Third International at Columbia
Owing to a clash of opinion at a
sereet corner meeting addressed by C.
Lestor, or tho 8. P. nf (*., the workers
of Vancouver will bo given tho opportunity of listening to a debate of first
rale importance,
C. Lestor was holding down the
soap-box Tuesday night, at the corner
Of Carrall and Cordova Streets, when
Maurice .Spector of Toronto, recently
one of tho Workers Party delegates to
tho fourth congress of the Communist
International, happened in on the
scene. Lestor, whqse opposition to
the Third International and hostility
to .Soviet llussia are well known in
this city, proceeded lo astonish Spector
wilh some of his counter-revolutionary propaganda. "Do you maintain,"
Spector asked »t question Ume, "thai
there is not a dictatorship nr tlie proletariat in Russia?" Lestor replied
that certainly there was no proletarian dictatorship in Russia, but the
dictatorship of a comparatively small
clique over the whole Russian working class. He further went on to say
that the workers of Russia had less
real liberty of expression and action
than the wnge slaves of capitalist
Canada. Tbe revolution in Russia was
not a workers' revolution, but a bourgeois-peasant revolution, like the
French rovolution of 1789. He implied that Russia, like France, might
become one of the most reactionary
forces In Kurope. He, Lestor, was not
going to be dictated to by Moscow.
Me was a free man, he said, and by
Implication, in a "free country."
Spector, who Is not only a keen student of Communist and Marxist theory, but has also had an excellent
chance to verify his theories by hlf
first hand study of Russian conditions,
(Continued on page 4)
Start Prosecution Against Head of Provincial Bureaus
—FuU Text of Mr. Justice Murphy's Decision
As to Legality
FOR YEARS, private employment agencies have been a sore spot
with the organized labor movement. It has been contended, and
in fact proven, that they were nothing more or less than blacklisting
agencies. When thc government employment bureaus were estab-
lishd by act of parliament, it was thought that these parasitical out-
eroppings of capitalism would be eliminated, but the hope of the
workers was doomed before it was even raised, and the private employment agents flourished under different guises, in spite of the
legislation enacted.
Last Thursday Mr. Justice Murphy gave a decision against private
employment agencies operating in Vancouver, as a result of Mr. J. H.
MeVety's activities in prosecuting several of them. This decision was
made as a result of the superintendent of thc provincial government's
labor bureaus appeal against Magistrate Shaw's decision when the
cases were heard in the police court. Following this decision, the
employers issued summonses against Mr. MeVety and others for
violating the act, on the ground that thc representative of the government had no more right to operate an employment agency and
receive pay for so doing under the act, than had thc private employment agents. It is not possible to comment on the cases at this time,
as they are still beforc thc courts, but Mr. Justice Murphy's findings
will be of interest to all labor organizations in thc province. They
are as follows:
The  case stated  herein  by Henryf nald police magistrate tp be dealt with
Curtis Shaw, police magistrate in and
for the City of Vancouver, in the Pro
vince of British Columbia, having
come on for hearing before this court,
pursuant to notice; upon hearing read
the case stated and upon hearing Mr.
J. A. Havlland of counsel for the
crown, and Mr. George P. Cameron,
and Mr. R. L. Reid, K. C, of counsel
for the respondent.
This court is of the opinion that the
said police magistrate was wrong in
holding that the provisions of Section
3 of the Employment Agencies Act
Repeal Act do not prohibit the collection and receipt hy an employment
agent of a fee or compensation from
an employer for sending a peraon
seeking employment from the City of
Vancouver or elsewhere, to an employer at Chemalnus or elsewhere
within the said Province for employment by such employer.
And this court doth further order
and adjudge thnt the said matter be
and the same Is hereby remitted to the
Takes Stand Against Police
Being Used for
Police Department Is Criticized by Organized Labor
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated I'ress Correspondent)
New York—A demand lhat tbe New
York City police department 'once and
for all Ume cease showing exclusive
partiality io employers" In strikes and
labor disputes, Iuih been sent to Mayor
Hylan and Police Commissioner Enrlght by W. F. Kehoe, secretary Central Trades and Labor Council. The
letter, while It refers to many other
Instances In which the local police
have been used to Intimidate striking
workers, was evoked by the action of
the police department in providing
special "guards" Lo Ice cream wagons
of the Reld fee Cream Co., whose drivers are mi strike.
For fonr yenrs tlie drivers and Inside workers of ibis concern, organized in an A. I'' ol I.. Union, have had
a union contract with the eompany,
The agreement expired April 11!; the
union askod slight wage Increases over
Ihe $-_(!.50 paid inside men and the
$31 paid drivers. The company Ignored ihe demands, and has rebuffed
the efToris of the Stale Labor Commissioner to bring about n conferenco
with the union officials.
Since   (hut   time  the  company   has
rnployed,   tin*   mayor   has  boen   informed,  "strong arm  men, gun-men,
thugs and guerillas to end the strike."
Uniformed   patrolmen  hnvo  been  de-
according; to law. ^^^^^^^^
The reasons given for the above decision by Mr. Justice Murphy are as
In my opinion, the question submitted should be answered in the negative. Sec. 3 of Cap. 26 B. C. Statutes,
1919, states: "No person, firm, corporation, or association shall collect or
receive, directly or indirectly, any fee
or compensation for sending or persuading, enticing, inducing, procuring
or causing to be sent from or to any
place within the Province, to or from
any place outside the Province, or between any two places within the Province, any person seeking employment,
or for giving or furnishing information regarding employers seeking workers or workers seeking employment."
There is nothing in thfs language
confining the operation of the section
to collecting or receiving money from
the employee. The prohibition is
without qualification, lt is argued
that Sec. 3 of Cap. 18, B. C. Statutes,
1921, First Session, Impliedly repeals
Qec. 3, Cap. 26, B. C. Statutes 1919.
The legislation of 1921 contains no
express provision for auoh repeal. If
such were the object of the Legislature, nothing could have been simpler than to say so In language Impossible of misconstruction. Unless.
therefore, the legislation or 1921, and
that of 1919 are wholly Irreconcillable
the argument for Implied repeal must
fall. In my opinion, both enactments
may well stand together. It may be
that the acts to be reported upon under the 1921 legislation may be done
gratuitously as a matter of philanthropy, or, at any rate, without charge,
contingent on the relationship of employer and employee being established, being made either to employer to
employer or employee. This Is social
legislation, which at the same time
bears directly on the business life of
the country as do most of such enactments. In my opinion, it should. If
possible, receive such a construction
ns will accomplish the object the Legislature had in view, nnd as will Interfere as little as possible with business. The evil aimed at by tbe Legislature, I think, was the exploitation
of the working man. This, it would
?eem, appeared to the Legislature to
In- rendered more likely If agencies
were allowed to operate, whose reward depended solely on tbe bringing
fContinued  on   page   •!)
tailed   hy
The epi
ther  the
Its   police
pen shop
head to aid these
Iters, the letter declares,
(tlon dually has arisen whe-
■ily of NOW York, through
department, shall continue
■abor controversies and aid
mployers in their war on
organized  labor.
There Is also a quostion whether or
not the "T.U.OOO members of the Centrnl Tradea .and Labor ('ouncil actually expect the mayor to take any notice of the protest. Il has been the
Hylan custom lo ignore sucb protests.
Although the Hylan administration
was voted into oflico with the assistance of tlie Labor body, with each recurring lahor dispute Ihe power of the
polico always has bcen at tbe beck
and cult of employing interests.
.\ Point Worth Watching
Numerous complaints ns to iion-d'
livery  of The   Foderationist  are  recoived iu a yenr, btu the fn ult  is not
with the mailing department,   if .vou
change your address, send in a notice
to that effect and nlso lbe old address
as well as ihe new on,e, and we wilt
attend  to Ihe rest.
Foster Prosecution Started
Because He Was Against
Present System
Chicago - "Hebliid the Foster prosecution, regardless of tin* Immediate
agents, was lbe pressure of our pre-
pen I    property    system,    tearful    •>'
change, seeking to extend and perpetuate Itself," asserts K- .. -Harry F.
Ward, In an article entitled "Our Political Secret Service," In the Christian
Century, fl religious weekly. "It Is the
essence of absolutism. Therefore It
uses the methods of the older and
abolished absolutisms, it must have
its sides and Its private armies. It
cannot submit Itself to lho franchise.
It dare not trust tbe people.
"This explains wby those who so
fear the Moscow of today and tomorrow arc yet using the methods of the
Moscow of yesterday that are the inevitable cnuse of the very situation
they so much dread. Whether or not
thinking Is to becomo a crime In this
country. In college and church as well
as in labor union and politicnl party,
depends upon whether or not this people will set ahout changing a property
system that puis 00 per cent, ' "*~
wealth in the bauds of 2 per
the population,"
Pntronlze Federatlonist advertisers.
Cologne, Germany — A summer
school, under auspices of the International Federation of Trade Unions, will
be held at Bruhl Castle, noar Cologne,
during August.
The courses win embrace lectures
in the French, Hngllsh and Herman
languages on the international trado
union movoment, the co-operative
movement, the international politicnl
and economic situation, the women's
movement, the young workers' international, and labor education in Its International aspects. PAGE TWO
fifteenth year. No. id BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
FRIDAY May  11, 1923
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. FederationiBt
Business Ofiiee:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Offlce:     Hoom   306—319   Pender   Street   West
Editorial Board:   P. R.  Bengough,  It. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark. George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United Stales and Foreign, S3.00 per
year; Canada. $2.60 per yoar, .1.50 ior six months; to
Unions subscrihing in a body, ltic per member per
Unity of Labor:   Tlio Hope of the World
FRIDAY May   11, 1923
The Law and Employment Agencies
TT1IE one outstanding feature of tlie case against
the private employment agencies instituted by
Mr, J. II. McVety, and which after a police court
trial was appealed and a decision given by Mr. Justice Murphy wliich overrode the magistrate's decision, is that somewhere in the law there is a flaw.
Organized labor for years has fought the private
employment agents. Not because of any perversity
on the part of thc workers, but because these sharks
have not only gouged the workers out of thcir hard-
earned money, but because they acted as stool
pigeons for thc employers.
**•        #        *
But if the employers ean evade thc law they will
do so. In spite of the establishment of government
agencies, thc same old game has been carried ou.
Men have had to secure employment under assumed
names because they have been active in thc labor
movement; not only have they had to give false
names, but they have also had to face scrutiny when
leaving for tlie jobs for which they were hired, and
even when at the dock ready to embark for some
modern slave pen, been turned down by the agent
who first employed them on the information given
by some other agent, as to their activities in the
labor movement.
The result has bcen that hundreds, if not thousands of loggers have left the Province so that they
could find some semblance of security while endeavoring to secure a living, and if the cases referred to
have done nothing else, they have at least shown
that the law needs amending. It should bc so tightened up that no employer ean secure men through
any of his stool pigeons, and at the same time protect
thoso workers who havo endeavored to secure proper
sanitary conditions and the enforcement of the
health laws in the camps in this part of the country.
. . ti
The latest act of thc employers is a challenge to
the govornment of this Province. At least a threat
has been made to take action against a government
agent for accepting money to send men to wor'
The impression in some quarters is that Mr. McVety
has accepted money personally, but he has actually
only taken the wages or salary which is paid to him
by the government for his services in connection
with thc Labor Bureaus; But the attitude assumed
is farcical, and thc law should be so amended that
there is no chance for the intimidatory methods of
the employers to operate against trades unionists.
Possibly thc government may take action and amend
the law, but the safest way for the workers' to adopt
is to organize to thelimit and to sec to it that there
arc more working class representatives in tlie next
provincial house.
International Capital and the
ers! It injures the railroads, which have had so
great a part in building up the Dominion. It
chicks the influx of foreign capital. Incidentally
it is tin anti-imperial policy, since immigration
is one of the recognized and earnestly advocated
remedies for British unemployment. Canadian
organized Labor should have learned from the
United States that thc higher the industrial development, the greater is the power of organized
If. st. ..
Outside of thc faet that thc New York Times, an
organ of the ruling elass of the United States, has
taken the government of this country to task, a
country with "A status of a Nation," won, we arc
told during tho war, there is an evident intention
in thc above comment to bring about a
split between thc agricultural workers of
this country and the city proletariat. There is
also an evident inclination to suggest that there
should be an onslaught on the trades unions of this
country in order to force low wages still lower. Let
those who at this time realize that thc workers of
Canada arc not fighting Canadian capital, but international capital, recognize that thc only salvation
of the workers on this continent is a united front,
not nationally but internationally, and that the interests of thc workers lies in building up and
strengthening the forces of Labor throughout the
continent, and this cannot be done by a national
'T'lLBRK are many people who imagine that the
Trade Unions of the country should not be dominated or controlled from the United States. These
people imagine that the boundary line which is
drawn on maps of the North American continent,
divides two countries with different interests, and
that the two peoples arc, or should be, divided.
But capital knows no boundary lines.   Its ramifications  are   world-wide, and where interests and
profits are to he secured, there will be found the international capitalist class looking for the spoils.
»        *        *
Canada, a country of magnificent distances and
low wages, is in thc hands of United States oapital.
Practically every industry iu the country is owned
and controlled by United States financiers.
* *        *
Thc United States lias decided on an immigration
policy. So has Canada. But the immigration policy
of this country does not suit Wall Street. Some
time ago the Federationist made the statement that
the conflict between the Liberal anti Tory parties
was due lo tho fact that the one represents the industrial group of capitalists and the other the finan
eial interests of Wall Street, aud that so far as thc
industrinl workers anti the farmers arc concerned,
they have nothing to gain from either.
* *        *
This contention is borne out Iry a recent issue of
the New York Times, which comments on the immigration policy of the Canadian government. It
Why has the minister (of the interior) proposed to parliament plans that ean result in the
introduction of only a small part of the assimilable number of immigrants.
* *       *
•   The question is answered by a tirade against organized labor, which reads as follows:
"Because organized labor forbid Agricultural
laborers have lo be admitted to conciliate the
powerful farmers. To lhe middle class is granted a quota of domestic servants. Organized labor orders the door shut against all other labor
and so hopes to maintain its monopoly. That
policy is intelligible as practiced in the United
States, a highly developed industrial country.
The Canadian situation is different.
"Canada has an immense area and a sparse''
population. Is she to be content with being a
mainly agricultural community? That unilateral growth, that neglect or hampering of Industrial growth, must react on farming, whieh
woilld benefit greatly from the spring up of town
and cities, of industries, to bc fed by the fiirni-
The Need for Political Unity
•THE ACTIVITIES of thc old and new political
parties indicate that an election is not far away,
in the Province of British Columbia. Never before
has the voter had so much attention paid to him or
her, as the case may be. Their names are wanted on
the list ,and wanted so badly that they are cajoled
and intimidated into filling out the necessary papers
so that when thc politieal fight is staged, the respective parties may secure the quota of votes which they
need to put them in power.
But there can only be one party in power. There
can only be onc class in control of the legislatures,
of any country, working class or capitalist. Mulligans there have been, and as in Germany, Social
Democrats may even control the legislative assembly,
but it is not the name of the party, but for what it
stands, whieh determines whether it is capitalistic or
for thc working class. ,
Iu Canada the workers have a long way to go beforc they secure that political unity whieh will bring
about even the opportunity of securing working
class control. There are many other phases which
might also be well mentioned at this time, and one
is, that the United States must always be considered
by the workers of this country in thcir political
But beforc going into the complexities of international relationships, thc workers must start to organize politically. It is true that there are working
class political parties, but it cannot be said that there
is politieal unity. In Vancouver, the first step has
bcen taken to bring this about locally, by the formation of the Labor Representation Committee, made
up of delegates from all working class
organizations which desire to affiliate. To
some this move appears to be opportunistic in character. But the end and not the
means is what should be considered, and the end in
view of the Labor Representation Committee, is to
build up a powerful working class organization
whioh will unite the workers on the political field,
and by training and experience, teaeh the workers
how to gain power ,nnd when gained, to secure that
which the working class most needs, and that is
emancipation from the present system of society. In
the meantime, there is much that can and should be
idone, but it will never be done by the old parties,
but must be accomplished by thc workers themselves.
The Labor Representation Committee is a start. Why
not make it thc vehicle by which Labor may eventually organize politically throughout thc country, and
later become a part of the international working
olass movement? ,
[By J. S. Woodsworth] '
TN THE HOUSE theso days we are
having some very interesting evidence presented bel'ore the banking
committee. We have bcen emphasizing the necessity ol the workers obtaining the control of the tools of production. Most of us have visualized
the capitalist as the "boss" or the owner of the factory and hardly recognize the change that has taken place
in recent years, which has placed the
real control with the bankers. Now
that the Bank Act is up for revision,
we have the opportunity of discussing
some of the fundamental principles of
our existing financial system.
We are under no delusions that
slight modifications on the Bank Act
would be of any real advantage to the
worker, but wo do think that we
should tako advantage of the opportunity afforded to expose tho fallacies
on which the whole banking system
rests. Sir Edmund Walker, In a pamphlet recently issued, says that "during tho session of parliament preceding the dato of expiry of the charters,
the system comes under attack from
the demagogue, the bank hater, the
honest but experienced citizen, who
writes letters to thc -press, sometimes
it is tho press Itself." Criticism is
deeply resented, yet the banks are en-
Joying tho most valuable franchise in
the gift of the peoplo—a franchise
which enables,, them to have a virtual
monopoly over the credit and currency of the country. In somo future
articles we hope to give some of tho
evidence of the bankers which in itself
we take It, is the most thorough-going
condemnation of the entire system.
In a discussion on the amendment
to the naturalization act, it was
brought out that one man, the secretary of state, controls absolutely the
bestowal and revocation of Cana'dian
citizenship. It ls absolutely within
his discretion as to whether a man
may become a Canadian citizen or not,
and even when an alien born man has
become a Canadian citizen, he may,
without trial, be deprived of his citizenship. Yet we continue to call this
a democracy, and to urge that we
should bring about all reforms by
"constitutional means." Undoubtedly
one of the greatest advantages of the
labor man in parliament is that he
can see fust how the machine operates.
Either a man must succumb to the
official opinions or he will be inevitably be driven to a position of greater
The Writing on the Wall
Judging from the building permits taken out in
Vancouver during the past few days, which looks
like the building activity of a two-by-four village
prosperity has not yet struck Vancouver. No doubt
the immigrants who have arrived lately will already
have had their illusions dispelled.
Supernatural powers are claimed by some religious
persons and they are credited with healing all forms
of human ills. It is a pity that they could not bc
given thc power to remove the mass of confusion
which exists in thc brains of the workers. Thcir
efforts niight then well be used in the removing tlie
causo of ail want and destitution.
Propaganda in thc capitalist press would indicate
that new attempts are to be made to crush Soviet
Russia. As usual, a diplomatic note has been sent to
the Soviet government, and which has been given
due prominence in the press, while the details are not
published. But all kinds of charges are made. Wo
wonder if the thousands of Russians who died as a
result of the Allied blockade of Russia arc referred
to in any way and if recompense for counter-revolutionary activities and damage of the tools of capitalism, is set on the credit side of thc ledger.
If highfaluting phrases and windy orations were
any criterion as to thc ability of a man to make thc
world safe for democraoy, then David L. George,
one time premier of Great Britain, would be the
greatest man who ever lived. But the wily Welshman will never ride baek lo power on such statements as he made recently in connection with his
references to the British Umpire. His remarks are
quoted in thc pross as follows:
A new sense of beneficence of the British Empiro has grown prodigiously in reeent yoars,
largely as a result of the war. We now realize
the Empire means tho liberty of the world. That
is no exaggeration. Anyone who reads what
was done then knows that had it not been for
Ihe Hritish Empire, liberty would have been
In the meantime, there is more misery in Great
Britain than ever since thc capitalist system of production started. Liberty is unknown lo the wage
earners who cannot secure sustenance.
N MAKING a study of past civilization (I use tho word in its commonly accepted sense, as no race yet has
done more than vision a true civilization), ono fact stands out prominently
and irrefutably, and that is that greed
for possession ruled the peoples of
those departed empires, and moreover, that prior to their collapse, the
accumulated wealth of the centuries
had fallen into the hands of a very
small percentage ot their people; so
that while the few wore revelling in
their ill-gotten abaundancef and
abundance is always ill-gotten), the
many were slowly perishing for tho
want of the necessities of life. These
conditions produced an inevitable rot
at both ends—tho one caused by an
excess of luxuries, and tho othor by a
shortage of the nocesr'ties.
A Few Instances
A few Instances will suffice to illustrate this fact. Just prior to the
downfall of the ancient Egyptian Empire, two per cent, of her people possessed 97 'per cent, of all her wealth.
Before Persia fell from her eminence,
one per cent, of her peoplo owned all
the land, Babylon fell whon all hor
wealth was controlled by two por
cent, of her population, and ln the
great Roman Empiro, prior to her
collapse, nbout 1800 persons owned
practically the wholo of tho empire.
Hoses, the great law-maker and leader of the Israeltles, probably hoping
to preserve his race from the Inevitable rot caused by this unholy accumulation of tho wealth in the hands
of a fow, established the jubilee system bv which at each fiftieth year
that wealth was to bc redistributed,
and tho dispossessed re-established,
for no man snw clearer than Moses
that every man born on this earth,
must work for a living, and has a
moral right to a full share ot the necessities and comforts ho , producos,
and that a disregard ot this eternal
moral law must lead to Inevitable rot
and ruin.
We have seen It stated many tlmos
that the growth ond decline ot theso
undent pseudo-civilizations was as inevitable as the growth and decline of
a Douglns fir, or a human being,
butterfly or nny other living organism.
But this reasoning by analogy Is not
convincing. It Is certnin that a great
nation far-seeing enough, and civilized enough to establish a social system In conformity with tho great
moral law of which I havo spoken,
would continuo to flourish as long as
the sun shines, and the natural laws
operato; for such a nation, whose
overy unit received a full share of tho
physical things ho produced, which
made him conversant-with the workings of the great eternal, moral and
physical laws, would never decline,
but would move upwards ever till individual man In real fact attained to
that cmlnonce poetically pictured in
thc phrase: "a littlo lower than tho
angels." j
New Millionaires
In the glorious country to the south
ot us—Ood's own land of freedom-
free speech, purity and Negro lynching and burning; It Is snld nearly 30,-
000 new millionaires sprang into existence during tho Oreat War, and
many more huvo sprung up out of tho
conditions following that terrible climax of our psucdo-civlllzutlon, and it
ia commuted that two per cent, of the
populntion already own forty per cent,
of all thc woalth, and hore ln Canada
similar conditions prevail. Tho accumulating wealth ls steadily gravitating Into the hands of a fow. Thus lt
would nppeur from theso facts, and
tho lesson to bo learned from history,
thnt the present pBoudo-cIvllizations
of tho enrth uro fast plunging to Inevitable ruin,-und it must bo remembered that tho reactions of broken
moral laws, though lasting through
the centuries In their imperceptible
working, yet In tho flnlsh fall with
cataclystlc suddenness upon the lawbreakers. A docado or two moro. and
tho frenzied plutocrats will havo
grubbed to themsolves the wholo ot
tho earth. Tho grood fovor, with its
over-rising temperature, will force
their frenzied efforts to a yet fiercer
frenzy In their struggle to ninass their
disappointing wealth, and tho ond will
come suddenly and thoro will bo a
roign of chaos.
The I'ri'.onl Conditions
Viewing tho prosent world conditions from all angles, can you seo
any other termination to tho miserable sordid struggle? Our rollglons
and codes of morality havo accommodated themsolves to the prevailing
condltlona, and nro worthless ns I
guides to the maddened human races,
Thero might lie some slight hopo If
ihe nominal rulors of our pseudo-dc-!
mocraclos did rulo, but these puppets'
of tho  plutocrats aro os helpless ub I
♦ you and 1, and it looks as if tho whole
damnable fabrication must work on
without let or hindrance to the inevitable collapse, and all that that Implies,
Insanity knows no logic; hoeds no
argument, disregards all pleading; Is
blind and deaf and senseless to all
suffering and tho insanity of greed is
the most damnable of all tho terrible
forms of Insanity.
When one considers that man,
whether he be a Crcesus or a labbror,
can only obtain for himsolf food,
clothing and shelter on his short Journey through the vale of life; that a
mountain of dollar bills can only givo
theso necessities, and cannot bestow
ono moment's glow of real happiness,
but merely a fleeting, dog-like satisfaction, which turns in every caso to
soul-bitterness, ono stands aghast at
the utter stupidity man displays during his ephemeral life, and at tho
mental and moral ravages mado in
human nature by this insatiable
greed-lust—all for a wlll-o'-the-wisp,
for a bubhle which bursts as it is
True happiness can only be found
in service to others, and in seeing
others happy. This is the one fundamental, Immutable, moral law. We
see the truth of It illustrated in many
happy families, and tho poor, storm-
tossed world requires a social systom
founded on this principle, and that ls
the only hope that can present Itself
as a physical and moral panacea to
the miserable earth-dwellers of today.
Any struggle against the present unbearable conditions animated by selfish motives, if successful, could only
bring forth a state of things as evel as
tho ono displaced, and considering the
ovil effects our present system has had
upon man's moral nature, the hope
thnt man as a whole could engage earnestly in any great altruistic struggle,
grows faint indeed. Our social system, the product of a falso civilization, ls founded on tho principle of
ench for himself, and the devil take
tho hlndcrmost; and hence tho misery and tho rot—the physical misery
and the moral rot.
Who are what Is to save us?
As a said before, insanity knows no
reason, and to merely tell these plutocrats, our rulers, that 'if they had
less and all had enough, the bitterness of their frenzied greed-lust would
turn to calm satisfaction, wouid fall
upon stone-deaf ears. Their madness
is quito incurable, and ln that fact
lies the hopelessness of trying to avert
the dark and evil days fast approaching.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
White Fabrics for
Sports Skirts
—striped art silk; 40 inches wide—$2.50
a yard.
—ratine with satin graduated stripes, very
smart; 40 inches wide-—$3.25 a yard.
—satin ratine of heavy quality and very
attractive finish; 40 inches wide—$3.95
a yard.
—plaid satin ratine. A particularly handsome fabric; 40 inches wide—$5.50 a yard.
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
"Washington—Organized navy yard
workers won a big victory when Secretary of Navy Denby ordered a rehearing to adjust the unsatisfactory
wage scale recontly handed down by
the naval departmental board. Den-
by's action followed protests from the
unions and threats of strike by the
machinists at the Newport, R. I., torpedo station.
The objectionable wage scale, which
was to have gone into effect May 2,
was approved by Assistant Secretary
of Navy Roosevelt during Denby's absence in Panama. The scale ignored
cost of living facts and was based on
conditions prevailing soven months
Pass The  Federationist along and
help get new subscribers,
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Haatings flt. W. VANCOUVEB, B. O,
Telephones- Seymoar 6666 ud 6687
Handaome models—Silk embroidered—In Nnvy, Brown and Sand
—Ono of tho biggest values offered this season.
Seo our Display of   Summer  Wraps.
Famous SwlT
623 EASTINGS ST.. Near Granville
Ring np Phone Seymoar 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   301   Dominion   Building
Kindling Free
1440 GRANVILLE Ser. 5200
In Our Summer l.'ll(lcrw_U-
Mon'a 2-pieee or Combinations.
Per suit, d» 1   J" A
$1.25 and V 1 -OU
Boys' Combinations, d» -t   /> A
per suit    VloUU
Men's and   Hoys' *■!*%_*'
Kubbor Belts  OOC
Mon's   Bib   Overalls,   in   blue-
black or stifle ^1   AC
stripe; {186 and 9 AtatO
Men's Khaki Com-   dert QCC
blnalion OveCalls aptmaXJO
Children's Wash Hats,    *JCn
26c to   « OC
Special Price on OutlllR Shoos
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
,     2313 MAIN STBEET
Between 7th and 8th Avenues
Phono, Fairmont 4850
Drugless Healing
THKRE In no jdaco on tho Pnciflc
roust thnt has tho equipment wn
hnvo for tho removal of the cauae of
diaenao. Wo Are specialists in akin
diseases, loss of manhood, and genoral
debility. We can show you If you
art. bothered with nny of tho ahovn.
We have the equipment, the experience, and the knowledge that only
this experience can give. If you
want real Scientific Service, see OS.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
ve it's
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones:  Sey. 1441 and 465
Offlee No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
1160 Georgia Stnet
Benin, services, 11 n.m. and 7:30 p.m.
Sunday school immodlstoly following
morninff service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Froe roading room,
901-003  Ilirks Bldg.
E. F. Harrison S. A. Perrj
ambulance: skuvice
232 kinos way     vancouver, b. o.
Phono Fairmone 58
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phone, Highland 90.
Cigar Store
TRAVELLING MEN can savo them-
Helves and their firms endloBB time
and travelling expense by regular uso of
our Long Dls Unco facilities-
Within a few minutes, direct personal
conversation can bo had with any desired
number of customers or patrons who
could not ordinarily bo "covered" and
"spoken to" without the loss of many
days' timo and tho many discomforts, in*
conveniences and delays Incidental to
eountry travelling.
In addition to these factors, it will be
found choapcr to telephono than travol.
Two Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
Have 70a protected roa-seif and yonr family against saeh an emeffeney,
with • SAVINGS ACCOUNT—tho most rateable Asset • man ean Ute for
the "BAINT DAY."
We STRONGLY RgCOHMKND yon te start saeh an aeeonnt AT ONOE,
at one of oar City  Branches.
HASTINOS ud SBTOOUB Oeo. 8. HarBion, Manafer
Oordon ud Abbott atlin ud llth An. Mala ud Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If you are living in • community not provided with Hanking facilities, addreu na by mail, and we will fee glad to guide you in reapect to "Banking by Mali." (DAY May  11, 1923
nENTlSTRY that is thorough
—will give perfect satisfaction—tho same type of work
which I have been doing in
Vancouver for over 17 years.
I believe in good teeth. I believo that many readers of the
Federationist arc neglecting their teeth beeause they can't
afford to have them mat^o right at usual dental charges.
I Do Work at a Price You Can Afford
Call and get my estimate.   It implies no obligation.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Comer Seymour
Phone, Seymoar S331
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions      |
Incouveb trades and labor
JOonncil —President, R. H. NeelandB, M.
■ A.: general secrotary, Porcy R. Bengoyn.
lice: 308, 319 Pender St. Wost. Phono Soy.
B95. MeetB in Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
.. first and third Tuesdays in month.
Illeets second Monday in tho month. Preient, J. R. Whito; secretary, R. H. Neel-
IdB. P. 0. Box 6fl.	
Tlova Streot Wost—Business meotiniis
iry Wednesday ovening. A, Maclnnis,
fcirmau: E. H. Morrison, sec-treaB.; Geo.
I Harrison, 1335 Woodland Drlvo, Vancou-
I* B. C, corroBi-ondine secretary.
TVny district in British Columbin desiring
formation ro securing speakers or the for-
It ion of local branches, kindly coinmunicate
Jth provincial Socrotary J. Lylo Telford,
It Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Tele-
%m Seymour 1382. or Fairmont 4933.
Isccond Thursday every month, 319 Pendor
■root West. President, J. Brlghtwolli
Xncial   secretary,    H.   A.   Bovvron,   2849
Eng Street.    __ _____
fURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union of America—Local 120, Van-
■fiver B. 0., meetB socond and fourth Tues-
lys in oach month in Room 818—319 Pen*
r Street Wost. President, C. E. Herrett,
a Hastings Street EaBt; secretary, A. R.
loi 320 Cambie Stroet, Shop phone, Sey.
Residence phone, Doug. -171R.
■Boilennakera, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
L of America, Local 194—MoetingB first
Hi third Mondaya in each month. Preu-
Int, P. WiUia; aeeretary, A. Fraser. Offlee:
l>um 303—819 Pender Stroet West.    Offlee
furs, fl to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 p.m.	
Ibricklayera or masons for boiler worki,
Is,, or marble aeUers, phono Brieklayera
jii'on, Lahor Temple,
■TERS and Joiners, Looal 452—r resident,
■m. Dunn; recording secretary, Geo. S»ou;
lnlnc_.11 agent. Goo. H. Hardy. Offloe:
Koin 304—319 Ponder Stroet WeBt Meets
Icnnd and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5,
19 Pender Street West.	
tviC EMPLOYEES UNION—Meots firat
Id third Fridays in each month, at 14B Wh
[va Streot Wost. PreBidont, David CuthiU,
l52 Albert Stroot; secrotary-treasuror, Geo.
Jarrison, 1335 Woodland Drive.	
■ Steam and Operating, Local 844—Moots
lory Thursday at 8 p-m., Room 307 Labor
lemple. Secretary*treasurer, N. Green, 968
■ornby Streot. Phono Soy. 7048R. Record-
-Ag   socretary,   J.   R.   Campbell,   30SJ   First
■troct. North Vancouvor,	
I President, Noil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
|)cret:iry, 0. A. Watson, No. 3 Firehall.
I Union, Local 28—441 Soymour Street.
Beets first and third Wednesdays at 2:30
Seoond and fourth Wodnusdays at
130 P.m. BxooiLtlvo board meets every
lesday at 3 p.m. President, W. A. Colmar'
lfiincss agont, A. Graham. Phono Seymour
■OF CANADA—An industrial union of all
Irkijrs in logging and construction camps.
■aat District and Goneral Headquarters, 61
Irdova Streot West, Vancouver, B. 0,
■one Soymour 7850. J. M. Clarko. genoral
cretary-treasuror; logal advisers, Messrs.
Jrd, Macdonald & Co., Vancouvor, B. 0.;
Id-tora, Messrs. Buttar & Chiene, Vancou-
"    ~. 0.
LVOHINISTS LOCAL 1-2—President, Lee
TGeorge: aoorotary, J. G. Koofo; businoss
ient, P. R. Bengough. Offloe: 809, 319
Jnder Street Wost. Meets in Room 813—
|B Ponder Stroet Wost, on flrst and third
■tursdaya In month.
LcHINISTS   LOOAL   692—President,   Ed.
Dawson; aeoretary, R. Hirst; buainess
_ent, P. R. Bengough. Offlco: 309—Blfl
Ander Street Wost.- Meets in Room 3—
■ft Ponder Streot West, on Becond and 4th
leadays in month
^UNION Local US, A. F. of M,—Meeta at
HaU, Homor Stroet, second Sunday,
110 a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
|lson Stroet; saoretary, Edward Jamioson,
ll Nelson Street; financial aeeretary, W. E.
Illlams, 991 Nolson Streot; organiier, F.
Ttcher,  991  Nelson  Stroet
TPORS nnd Paperhangers of America, Local
■■   Vancouver—MeotB 2nd and 4th Thurs-
j at 148  Cordova  Street Wust.    Phone,
. 3510.    BnslnesH agent, It. A. Baker.
Jnook Bnildnrs, Local No. 2404—Moets in
■bor Hall, 319 Pender Streot Wost ovory
■il and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m.    Jas. Thomp-
Wn, financial secretary. .	
T^nrdova St. West, P. 0. Box 571.   Phono
, 8703.    Meetings overy Monday nt 7:30
J, Pearson, bnsinoBB agent.
■0.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and 3rd
■iday of each mnnth at hendquartora, 818
Irdova Stroet West. President, D. Gllles-
■■■ vlce-prosldont, John JohnBon; secretary-
insurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor*
■va Street West. Branch agent's address:
■111   Francis, 1424 Government Streot, Vic-
irlft. B. 0.	
Inloyoes, Plonner Division, No. 101—Meots
I P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
■il Mondays at 10:15 a.m, and 7 p.m. Pro-
■dont, V, A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko Drive;
loordlng secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
I F. Andrew; financial socretary and busi-
frag agent, W. H. Cottrell, 166—-17th Avo.
lost. Offlce, oornor Prior and Main Btreeta.
liono, Fairmont 4504Y
1 America,   Local   No.   178—Meotlngs   held
ist Monday In each month, 8 p.m.    Pros!-
Int,   A.   R.   Gatonby;   vice-president,   Mrs.
Ilk;  recording secretary, C. McDonald, P.
I Box 508; financial secretary, P, McNelBh,
T 0. Box 503
Avlet Russia—Vancouver branch moots flrBt
Id third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
%rdova Street West. For Information write
■f brunch Becrotary, & T. A. S. R,, 61 Cor*
■va Street West, Vancouver, B, C.
Tl'OORAPHTCAT, UNION NO. 226—President, Wm. Skinner; vice-president, A.
lokor; socrntary-troasurer, R. H. Neelands,
0. Box 66.    Moots last Sunday of each
r-nth at 2 p.m.	
■ ATION—Meots at 991 NeUon -Urrot, at 11
Im. on the Tuesday preceding tlio 1st Snn-
Ivy of the month. President, I_. A. •JftmttJ-
lln, «91  Nelson St.;   Secretary, C. II. Wll-
■nms.  991   Nelson St ; Business Agent,   F.
floichor, 991 NoIbou St.
T 337—Preal dont, J. J. Begg; vice-president,
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Bo sure to notify the post offlce 1
soon aB you change your address.
12S Huttings St. E.—Sey. 3882
830 GranvillD Street—Sey. 800
1191 Grniivtlle St. — Sey. 01411
3200 Main Street Pair. 1083
Butter    'liHtcr   Butter
Slulor's Famous Alberta Creamery Butter on sale
Saturday, 3 lbs for.
Slater's Sliced  Ayrshire  Bacon,   per   lb 30c
Slater's   Sliced   Streaky   Bacon, per Ib 40c
Slater's Sliced Rolled Bacon,
per lb 25c
Great Bacon Special
About 100 slabs oC our Famous
Sugar-cured Streaky Bacon,
weighing from 6 to 8 lbs., very
mild. On sale on Friday and
Saturday. Reg. 42c per Ih.
Week-end special,
per lb	
Slater's Famous Sugar-cured
Smoked Picnic      1 gl
Hams; per lb.
Slater's Famed Boneless Sugar-cured Itolled Cottage
Hams, from 4 to 8 lbs., very
mild. Special
Iter lb.....	
Slater's  Famed   Dr..
Spuds;  100
lbs. i'or	
Fri'-ili Meat
Slater's Famed Pork Shoulders,
weighing from 4 to 10 lbs., ex-
ocllent for your week-end
■Roast. Special,
per lb	
Slater Sells Good Ilccf
No. 1 Pot Roasts, from, lb 8c
No.   1   Oven   Roasts,   from,
per   lb   8c
No,  1 Prime  Hulled  Roaats,
from, per lb 15c
No.   1   Boiling   Beef,   from,
per   tb flc
No. 1 Boneless Stew Beef, 3
lbs. for  25c
(jcnuliK- Local Lamb
Prime    Local    Lamb    Roasts,
from, per lb 25c
Prime Local Lamb Stew, 2 lbs.
for   25c
Choice middle cuts of Prime Alberta   Grain   Fed   Pork,   very
meaty, woight from 2
to 8 lbs. Special, lb	
At Slater's Stores
nmm |inn|inii»inii|in
mn l ti fn-i|.i|.i|
It.   J.   Stnwart;    Bocretary-treaiiurer,   L.   C.
Gilbert   P. 0. Box ____ Nanalmo, B. 0.
UNION, No. 418—Proaldont, 8. D. Macdonald, sc cretary- Irpasuror, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 68S. MoctB last Thursday of each
TTI-IE logging industry in the Province1 *■
■*• of British Columbia is, If we accept the words of the big interests, is a
basic industry. The two letters which
follow, representing two different
viewpoints will, no doubt, be of interest to the lumber workers of this Province:
Tho Anti-Red View
I would like to address a few" remarks through your columns to some
of the readers of your paper.
How ls it that an industry which
pays good wages, and is pretty steady
work, and an indoor Job, so much neglected by tho white people, and let
be almost monopolized hy the Chinese. I refer to the shingle manufacture. Sawyers can earn from $7
to ?10 per ten-hour day; packers can
earn from $4.48 to $6.40 per day, taking the number as 28 to 40M per day,
sawing at 25c per M and packing at
16c per M.
Any man with average intelligence
could learn the work in a month.
It is vey difficult to get white men
sawyers and when got they do not have
sense enough to keep at their work
over three weeks or a month before
they go off on a drunk, spend all they
have got and in ten days or two weeks
seem to consider if they will go to
work again.
What becomes of these mon eventually I do not know; but they have em-
ple chance to earn $200 per month, or
say $2000 per year, if they stay with
their work, anl certainly could be ln<
dependent to a large extent, yet when
winter comes, and work not so easy to
get for a couple of months sometimes,
you flnd these men on the "breadline" complaining of tliis, that and the
other. To sober men this business
offers a splendid chance, but the man
ufacturer has tried them out time and
again, and had to fall back on China
men, because they will stay with their
Chinamen will help their own race
to learn the business, a little at a time,
both at packing and sawing, and mill
owners appear to favor them, and
they get round at night time and pick
up the work when the mill is running
double shifts.
From my observation of many years,
the white men are their own worst
enemies. They do not know how €o
stay with a good thing when they
have tt, or take care of their money
when In their hands, but must throw
it away like asses. I do not mean to
say that all are like this, but a large
proportion are without a doubt.
Tho logging men are very much the
same. The good wages do not beneflt
them, because they appear to make
up their minds to work so much less
time. That is work a month or so,
and then lay idle for some weeks.
Why, in the name of common sense
don't they work good when the weather is good, and the work lo be had,
and quit when the bad weather comes
and have money in the bnnk to live on
or stnrt getting a homo of their own?
British Columbia is never going to
be built up under sucb conditions.
The Chinese take hundreds of thousands of dollars out of the country,
and the white men buy rivers of liquor and pour theh- earnings in the
pocket of their hated capitalists, who
make the big profit in the liquor business. Yet some of theso men think
ihey arc thc people who should run
the country. A fine hash they would
make of it for sure, when they can't
even run themselves a month without
driving themsolves crazy with "booze."
I sec so much of It right here in this
little Place, that I feel disgusted. Lots
of them decent fellows enough when
-sober, but no self-control at all—no
principlo to guide them—it is surely
a thousand pities, mid If there is any
way to.stop it should be found.
I suggest that in the fall or winter
months, idlo men he trained to do both
sawing and packing. A shingle mill
could be rented for the purpose, and
men be ready to work for thcir board,
as they would spoil a good deal at
flrst; then Is sawing good shingles, let
them be paid as soon as they could do
the work satisfactorily.
Then another season there might
bo a good few white sawyers and
packerst-and a chance for good steady
men to make a good living.
Thla should appeal to married men
who wnnt to make a home on the land
and work at something a great deal
easier than most labor work, with a
great deal bigger pay.
If men could only learn to co-oper-
nte, work steady while the work is
going, they could easily start Industries themselves, and do without their
avowed enemy, "tho capitalist." They
could come into that class themselves
and learn something about wbat kind
of a picnic it Is to run a business. If
they think It Is all proflt and fun, let
them go to It.
The world needs good levcl-hended
men, with honest minds, in any kind
of business, and nny ammint of perseverance to carry It along, and there
must be co-opeartlon In all departments of It or quite impossible to
achieve success for employee or employer,
Instead of spending their Idle time
in talking "red" stuff anil Bolshevism,
better study the teaching of tbe Grent
Wny-shower, and first "Reek yo the
Kingdom of Heaven, and (he Kingdom
of Heaven Is within you." But we
etch have the job of making that
condition, and experience shows itB
quite a big job, loo. Yours truly,
The Other Side of lhe Picture
The writer of tho above letter evidently thinks that what the worker
should be most Interested In is plenty
of work. Tho workers of the world
havo tolled for centuries, and as a
class, have nothing to show for their
labors but misery and poverty.
An Invitation to be a slave
in a shinglo mill. 10 hours a. day,
every day In the yenr, Is not a vory
attractive prospect for any worker of
"average Intelligence." The Inw of
competition, under which capitalist
production is carried on, between na-'
tlonal and International groups of
capitalists engaged in the same Industries. -,h>tormines the hours, wages and
olher conditions of lalior In Industry.
Chinese are employed because they
are cheaper, and whenever Chinese
or whites,  can   not  produce  shingles
other commodities at a cost that
will enable the manufacturer to realizo a profit and meet competition from
other manufacturers engaged in the
production of similar commodities,
then wages must be reduced, hours of
labor lengthened or more productive
machinery introduced. Competition,
rivalry, strife, war is the law of capitalist production.
And the workera are forced to compete with each other in selling their
labor power under the same law of
competition, or are driven to combine
as workers in order to secure better
The workers' intemperance is not
the cause of his poverty, but the accursed system of wage slavery that
gives the workers, aa a class, just'
sufficient to keep them ln physical
condition to produce profits for their
masters, and no more. The capitalist, appropriating all surplus values
over and above that received by the
Blaye as wa^ps. That Is the cause of
the poverty of the working class, and
not the fact that he occasionally
drinks booze, and surely no fair-minded person would deny the worker his
cheap watery beer, while the bleary-
eyed social parasites, who take no part
In production of wealth, or in the administration or management of industry, guzzle champagne, and debauch
themselves with useless luxury. No
doubt, if the worker spends his pittance for booze, he must necessarily
deny himself the merest necessities of
life, but even denying himself booze
and many other things, he is still hovering on the brink of death by starvation.
The department of Labor at Washington asserts that anything less than
$2700 a year is insufficient to support
the average American family of five
members. Whero is the logger, shin-
gle-sawer, or for that matter the worker in general who receives that
amount as a yearly averago? The department of Labor also, the Railway
Labor Board state, that the above sum
would enable the worker and .his family to live decently and that it was
fair, hut impracticable under the present oconomic conditions. "Getting a
home" and "having money in the
bank"  really.    You must be joking,
Mr. Aubrey.   The above facts are reasons for the hosts of homeless slaves.
We agree with your statement that
British Columbia can nover be built up
under these conditions, and although
the Chinese do tako hundreds of thousands of dollars out of this country,
they, like their whito brothers in slavery, hand over to their employers all
surplus wealth other than what they
receive in wages, to be blown In by
them, not for "queer beer," but for
the more expensive brands of liquor.
Surely there is something very radically wrong with an economic system
that condemns millions to a life of
poverty and slavery, and regardless of
how diligent they may be, the more
they toll, the more the profits pile up;
the greater the volume of social
wealth, created, and ln inverse ratio to
the total, the less the worker receives.
Not receiving enough in wages to buy
back hfs own production, the surplus
accumulates and the capitalist owners of industry, forced by the continued narrowing of the markets, are
forced to sabotage on industry to curtail production and throw the workers on the stroot to starve. Humanity
stands today "bewildered in the face
of its own creations; differing from
all previous economic and social systems, the present capitalist system
has the whole earth for its field of
exploitation, and with the gigantic instruments of production and distribution and swift communication, millions live in want and are actually dying of starvation. Clearly understanding the conditions, is it any wonder
that they talk "red stuff?"
By what means are the workers, as
a class, stripped of everything but the
rags they wear, and faced by a capi'
talist class who have title deeds to
every thing on the earth, or in the
earth, but the fresh air and sunshine?
And these title deeds, backed up by
fixed bayonets? How, please, tell us
how we "could come Into that class
Can't you see we would all be capt
tallsts then, with no one to do the
work o fthe world? "A flne hash we
would make of it for sure." All capitalists! There is too darned many of
them now. What ts required is more
workers, and less work for each wor
ker, and he who will not work, neither
shall he eat. If this principle was
carried out today, there would be a
horrible world-wide famine among
certain slass of useless osclal bloodsuckers.
"Seek ye the Kingdom of Heaven.
Where? In a shingle mill or some
other slave dive at ten hours a day?
Nonsense! The capitalists flrst seek
their kingdom on enrth. We the class-
conscious workers are taking our cue
from them.
Shall We Awake in Time
[By,Lucy L. Woodsworth] *
■THAT ONE-QUARTER of England's
■** population ls below the poverty
line, was the estimate given 'us the
other evening, during the lecture of
S. . Ratcliffe, special correspondent of
the Manchester Guardian. And yet,
according to a recent despatch, we find
Britain and tho United States haggling over gun ranges to an extent that
endangers the naval treaty.
It seems that just at present, Great
Britain has one* ship with a range of
20,000 yards, and the United States
has not. Both, however, are building
new ships with a range of 34,000 yards
but those of the United Slates will be
finished a considerable time before
those of Britain. During that interval, the American navy will have a
marked superiority ovor the British.
It does seem pertinent to ask who
In these countries, wants these ships
of 34,000 yards' range built; certainly
not the people. Go about among the
British working people and those of
thc United States, and see if you can
find one who wants to use a gun
against the other. Yet It Is these very
working people who will be expected,
indeed will bo forced, to man these
guns should some question of say
"oil," take a turn menacing to the interests of the magnates of either
Then our papers will be filled with
propaganda, skilful, insidious propaganda, striking us just where we are
most vulnerable. Before we know ft
all the old prejudices and some new
ones, will be fanned Into flame and
our boys and tho boys of the United
States will bo marching off to the
sound of the drum; their oyes lighted
with lofty purpose; their hearts fired
to do and dare for some great good
coming, so they are told, to mankind
by their sacrifice.
Then In the excitement of getting
stnrted again to knit and to fill the
comfort bags, not even we mothers of
theso boys will  pause  to think, with
Soviet Government Is Opposed to Ignorance and
Comparing Krasnltsky and the "Living Church" movement in Russia with
Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation, tbe Rev, .John Haynes
Holmes, pastor of the Community
Church In New York, describes In The
Nation for May 9 the religious conditions he found on his recent visit to
Russia, and denies that the Soviets
aro persecuting any religion or
The upheaval now going on Is simply tho modernizing of lhe so-called
orthodox church of the czars, whicli
he calls "the greatest compound of
Ignorance, superstition and corruption that the world has ever known."
The changes arc taking place unofficially, with no Interferences, but
rather Indifference on the part of the
government. In separating church
from stale, however, the government
has punished intrigue by church officials as in the case of Vicar-Genera)
Ur. Holmes asserts that he found
few evidences of confiscation of
church property, but cites several instances of Its practice undo rthe czars.
"True religion Is coming to Its own In
Russia," he concludes. "The duys of
darkness nre drawing to a close."
bitterness, why it is that everything
is ready to their hand, for slaughter?
Ammunition, shell, bomb, torpedoes,
air-craft, long range battleships and
stored-up poison gas—why should we
pause to think? Wo know now that
everything is being prepared for the
next time of organized murder. We
know now, or we can know, if we read
and study the aftermath of the Great
War, that when the next orgy is over
we shall read In these very same papers, that it was a futile undertaking;
somothing, as Lloyd George has said
of the last war, into which wc staggered or stumbled without quite
meaning war, and whicli could have
been averted by discussion. Our mill
tarists are quite openly telling us of
tho horrors of the next war, due to
the discoveries during and since (lot
us note well that word "since") the
last war. They tell us quito frankly,
that one aeroplane can now account
for a whole city, that research work
and experiments with bacteria are
highly promising in character, and so
We certainly are being warned
What are we doing about it? Nothing; not even thinking! In the Fedoral House we are accepting an estimate to spend during 1323-24, more
than twelve and a half million dol
lars for "national defence." Who
wants to attack us? Who is getting
tlie profits from this whole situation?
London—In connection with the at
tempt of the Labor Party to abolish
the death penalty In the British nrmy,
lt was stated in parliament that thc
number of cases in which the* denth
penalty was carried out for desertion
from activo servico during tbe late
wnr was 204, Thc number of cases in
which tlie death sentence was awarded for .desertion was approximately
2450.     ^
Warsaw, Poland—Negotiations for a
trade agreement with Russia, which
have been taken up and dropped a
number of times, have recently been
It is stated that tho Polish government is ready to recognize the monopoly held by the Russian govornment
over ull foreign trade. This has boon
i\ moot point with the Pules thus far.
The recognition of this principle Is believed to make a trade agreement
much easier.
Madrid, Spain—A royal decree has
been promulgated In Spain which alms
at rendering tho work of trade unions
The decree provides that practically
everything the unions do must be submitted for approval to the police prefects. All membership lists, with complete addresses, must be furnished to
the police; (hus giving them onty
means of surveillance of every organizod laborer. .Strict accounting must
be furnished as to the purpose for
which every cent of union money is
Organized labor Is protesting vigorously.
Paris, Frame—According to Deputy
Aurlol of the French Socialist Party,
negotiation? between representatives
of the Socialist parties of Germany
nnd the Allied countries concerning
the reparations question, huvo resulted
In an agreement which will form the
backbone of international Socialist
The principles of ngrcem.-nt Include
the following: No occupation of territory for the sake of "sanctions;"
speedy refunding of the German dobt
through loans;   cancellation  of inter-
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. 8.0. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-_nch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
allied war debts; reduction of Germany's obligations to France to 20,-
000,000,000 gold marks (about five
billion dollars) this money to be used
chiefly for rebuilding the devastated
Washington. — The anti-Russian
propaganda factories are again busy
sending out rumors of counter-revolutionary movements In Russia.
A cable from the commissariat of
foreign affairs at Moscow received
here by Boris Skvlrsky, head of tho
former trado delegation of the Far
Eastern republic branches as fiction reports of disturbances in the Russian
far east and makes known there Is
no   counter-revolutionary   movement
In any part of Russia. The story that
Vladivostok was seized by white
guard forces ls one of the creations
shown up hy the cable.
New York—"The Japanese are sitting by, watching the white man destroy his civilization," declared Shaw
Desmond, writer, lecturer and student'
of world politics, as he sailed for England after a three months' lecture tour
in America. "Europe," he said, "is
arming for another world war. And
that war will be merciless. Poison
gas by tons will be hurled down upon
defenseless men, women and children.
In throe of the countries that fought
In the world war, poison gas factories
are working day and night."
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
bcen British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has eost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has bcen worth it.
Insist Upon
fifteenth yeab. no. 19 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. e.
FRIDAY May 11, :
A Remarkable Range
of Better Quality Suits
In Correct Styles for
Men and Young Men
Bountiful heather mixtures, smart Donegal tweeds, rich
fancy mixtures, and all the ]K>puIai' plain colorings, light
or dark, are all to lte lunml In this wonder range. Thc
styles range front conservative three-button business
models, to one and two-button single or double-breasted
effects, or to the extreme in sport models with belted and
pleated backs and button patch pockets. No matter what
style or color you seek, you'll bo able to find a suit to
meet your precise requirements, at only—
45-49 Hastings St., East
Hiding Behind the
Corpse of a Chinaman
(Continued from page 1)	
up, destroying fifty lives and burning
a dozen others to varying degrees of
repulsiveneas. There Is, nor can be,
no question us to the failure of the
mine management to comply with the
Act. In spite of this, there has been
no charge laid agalnat the companies,
nor Is there any apparent Intention of
doing so. And each inspector, whose
duty It is to watch these conditions,
continues to draw his salary. The department to which the mine-worker
must look for safety, instead of cleaning out its officials that have permitted the loss of fifty Uvea in that brief
period, and prosecuting the employers to the limit, endeavors to focus the
spotlight on the miner's failures. Failures which without its own and the
management's crime could produce no
Apparently nothing has been learned from the last eight months' experience. Instead of promising to put
an end to these crimes that fatten the
undertaker und the graveyard, the
mines department strives to hide Itself and the mining company behind
the shroud of a Chinaman.
Private Employment
Agencies Get Sore
(Continued from page 1)
Spector Challenges
Charles Lestor
(Continued from Page 1)
asked for the platform, and vigorously
refuted Lostor's statements, branding
them as typical of the capitalist press
and tho counter-rovoIutionlHts. He
challenged Lestor on the spot publicly
to debate the subject With him In a
hall or theatre, the next Sunday he-
fore a represetttatlvo gathering or
Vancouver wnrkers.
At the close of the moeting (tf tho
evening after, on behalf of Spector,
representative of the Vancouver
branch of the Workers Party of Can-
ada, handed Lestor a formal challenge
to make good his attitude by upholding the negative in a public debate to
take place at the Columbia theatre,
Sunday evening, May 13, at S o'clock,
on the following subject:
'Resolved, that the aim and policies
of the Third (Communist) International express the real needs and best
Interests of the International working
The workers of this city are assured
of an interesting evening. Sunday Is
the 13th, and Its going to be hnrd luck
for somebody.
nhout of the relationship of employer
and employee, which reward was, In
addition, wholly contingent on such
relationship being established. This
construction of the legislation would
not prevent employers, or bodies of
employers, or, for that matter, employees, or bodies of employees from
keeping up employment agencies, pro
vlded the payment of such agencies
was not made contingent on the rola
tionship of employer and employee
being established. If such agencies
are established, then he reports ealled
for by the legislation of 1!I21 must be
(Signed)      "IJ. MUKPHY, J.
Vancouver, B, C,
May 7th, 1028,
Military Air  Force Forty
Per Cent. Greater
Than England
With an active military air force of
3 squadrons, the United States Is
nearly 40 per cent, ahead of Groat
Britain in military air strength, according to an article in The Nation,
and second only to France. "France
holds an air strength greater than that
of all Europe combined," writes the
author, M. W. Koyse. "The strength
of her J 40 active service squadrons,
totalling 1160 machines, is nearly four
times the total British air strength."
Mr, Royso's two articles, of which
lho flrst will appear in The Nation for
May 9, aro the result of probably the
most thorough comparative survey
that has yet been made. Since his
service as an army pilot during thc
war, he has devoted himself to studying the aircraft preparedness of the
eat powers, investigating not only
the military air forces of various countries, but the great commercial fleets,
Which he asserts can be converted instantly for military purposes, These
fleets are too expensive for profitable
commercial use, and they are therefore maintained throughout Kurope on
government subsidies.
Describing the next war in terms of
the technique of killing, Mr, Royse
explains how much more deadly
bombing planes are today than they
were at the close of the Burop'ean
war. "Speed and range of aircraft
has nearly doubled," he writes. "No
one dares prophesy the limitations or
capacities of a 19*13 model airplane."
Of the use of even present models in
the next war, however, he makos the
following prophecies:
"Long distance raids Into the very
heart of the enemy country, extending five hundred miles or more beyond the actual battlefields, will be
carried out ostensibly against military
establishments, but actually will
spread destruction everywhere. Hundreds of cities heretofore considered
immune from attack, will becomo objects of more attacks than will frontline centres.
'As unintentional destruction, In
line of duty, cannot be protested un
der the present rules of warfare, the
next war will see entire cities wiped
out on the ground that they contain a
factory, a supply depot, or a grain
Martyrs Are Acclaimed by
Children and Labor
[By F. W. Leighton]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Mexico City—Chicago's Haymarket
martyrs, Albert Parsons aud his comrades who were hanged by a legal
lynching after a May Day explosion in
1886, were honored by all Mexico on
May Day of this year.
A 24-hour general strike paralyzed
public services throughout the day.
Scores of thousands of organized workers In Mixeco City marched ln parade
to the spot where the monument erected to the Haymarket victims stood
ready for unveiling. MubIc and public addresses signalized the dedication
of the memorial.
Every group and wing of organized
Labor participated in tho tremendous
Children In the public schools listened to readings setting forth the significance of May Day in a country of
Defence Organization Firmly Established and Will
Fight On
Chicago—"We have only begun to
flght," declared the Labor Defense
Council In commenting on the syndicalism conviction of C. E, Ruthenberg,
by a St. Joseph jury. "While we are
greatly disappointed that tho precedent set In the failure to convict Wm.
Z. Foster was not followed by tho
Ruthenberg jury, we are far from discouraged. Wo are convinced that tho
defenso would have been successful before any but a prejudiced jury in
showing that neithor Ruthenberg nor
any o fthe othor defendants is guilty
of any crime.
"With Its 50 branches in the principal cities of thc country the Labor
Defense Council is firmly established
in its figlit to regain the fundamental
American rights of labor. The organization is based on the broad foundation of the entiro progressive trade
union movement, supplemented by all
liberal minded Americans, We are
ready to continue the flght In the trials
yet to come."
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.]
Dept.   of   Justice   Closes
Down on Workers'
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Dir. Federated Press)
Berlin, Germany—The Rote Fahne,
organ of the Communist Party of Germany, has been suspended for a period
of two woeks by order of the Prussian
Department of Justice.
The action is generally interpreted
as a concession to the political parties
of the right, who are up in arms over
the fact that the Socialist minister of
justice, Severing, rocently compelled
the Deutschvolkischo Freiheitsparte!,
a monarchists party of tho extreme
right, made up of disgruntled former
members of tho German National
Party to disband on the grounds that
It was operating in violation of the
constitution and of tlie law for the
protection of the republic.
The action against the Rote Fahne
is apparently intended to show the
"impartiality" of tho department of
justice in its handling of anti-republican movements.
The order forbidding publication
charges that the whole tendency of the
paper of late has been that of belittling the republican form of government. In a number of articles it has
directly urged that the government be
overthrown and a workers' dictatorship sot up instead.
The Vor warts, official organ of tho
Socialist Party, condemns the action
as a stupid ono whicli will make martyrs of the Communists and bring
thom votes.
Every Hon., Wed. Md Sit. Bttnlngt
804 HOBMBY ST. Opp. Oonrt Home
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reiisonnhle
"A   Hood  1'
lure to Eat"
iiiilMliif- Penults
May 3—426—18th Avo, Woat, C. H,
Allan _r Son. dwolllng, *-000; 1900
Blook Beach, j_, Chryntnl, ilunce pavl
lion. JflOOO; 870—15lh Avo. Woat,
Miiniliinil Bldg, l*o„ dwolllng, f-000;
30«i—mh Avo. Woat, I,. B. Pruer
dwolllng, S3500; _40O—7th Avo. Wost
W. (!. Hunt, dwelling, $3000.
Hoy 4—088 Broadway Wost, Poroy
&. W-frlim,  BtoreB,   .2000;   2505   Point
Grey Road, ('. W. Purdy, dwolllng,
$7(100; 718-20 Kingsway, V, P. nogors,
stores, $2750.
Mny 6—3240 Pendor Host, II. Crato*,
alteration, $1500; 2835—8th Avo. W„
Durgavnl * Kllgour, dwelling, $3000;
2925—Slh Avo Woat, Durgavol & Kllgour. dwelling, $3000.
Muy 7—7 Haatinga (Voat, A. Lnyloy,
alterations, $8000; 51! Haatings Woat,
.1. B. Arthur, alterations, $2000; OSS-
nth Avo. Woat, W. 13, Maxtor, dwol
ling,   $2000.
.. .Vk'iuia, Austria—owners of snuil
1'arma In Austria arc In such a deeper
ate plight economically, thoy havo
founded a union of thoir own. It Is
oalled the Association or Peasant Proprietors, Whip Orowers und Hiuall Holders, and forms u branch of the Union
of Land and Forestry Workers of Austria.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Dcslgim, Wedding nonquota, Pot Plants,
Ornainnntal and Shade Trees, Srod.., Hulhs, Mori, is* Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
18 IlnHtlngs Street East 2—STOKES—2 B5A Granville Street
Sey. B88-H72 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. UM8-1.1BI
Sen tence Is Deferred to Allow for Appeal to
Be Made
[By Joe Carroll]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
St. Joseph, Mich.—Convicted hy tho
jury after four hours deliberation, <\
K. Ruthenberg, Becrotary Workers
Party, will not ho sentenced under the
syndicalism law until June 4. Judge
C. 13, White deferred sentence to por-
inM an appeal. Similar convictions under the Ohio statute have been thrown
out by the higher couris.
According to Albert Saeiher, president Michigan State Federation of La
hor, the way is now upon for direct attacks under this low on trude unions,
The open shop employers of Michigan
have hceu waiting, he has stuted, for
ti conviction before proceeding agolnst
the ordinary activities of organized
The prosecutor made a 'pnrtieular
appeal to the nino farmers In the
Ku then berg Jury, telling them that
their farms would bo taken away from
them If the defendant had hia way.
Defense Counsel Frank P. Walsh
nnd Humphrey S. Gray expluined the
law and thc rights of citizens to assemble and speak and write freely,
and urged that no evidence of advocacy of violence had beon Introduced
to bring Kuthonbcrg's acts at the raided convenlloii last August in violation
of the law.
In h'S Instructions lo the jury Judge
White stated the right of advocacy of
drastic changes In the form of government of Michigan or the United Statos,
Including a dictatorship of the proletariat, providod there was no advocacy
of violence and terrorism to achieve
the chango.
The jury was nskod to decide whother Ruthenberg did voluntarily nH-
Hcmhle with an unlawful organization,
knowing its charactor, for the purposo
of assisting lt to carry out unlawful
A Correction
Editor li. C. Federatlonist—Si:
May I encroach on your space to tako
exception on one part of your editorial
note to J. Harrington's letter In The
Federatlonist of May 4. In this we
are told that Com. Harrington Informed the editor that I had boasted of
making some alterations in his letter
of April 6.
In the first place, I wish to give the
statement a categorical denial. No
sight is so melancholy as a man gone
mad from too much learning, and this
fate seems to have overtaken Com
Harrington. If there is any validity In
the old Greek adage that "whom the
gods would destroy, they first make
mad," Com. Harrington Is w'ell on the
way to destruction.
According to his story, he had a
copy; then he did not have a carbon
copy, but only nn ordinary copy; then
he has no copy at all; It was lost In
moving some furniture. A most moving and convincing tale.   Nit!
Who has been playing Com. Harrington for an intellectual come-on, I
do not know or care, but that he
should state that I "boasted" of altering his letter Is onc of those little tra-
gi-comedies that break the monotony
of an otherwise joyless existence. I
might be Jesuitical, but I don't think
even Com. Harrington would accuse
me of being a plain ordinary fool. If
ho would only think oft the hectic days
of "The Red Flag," when old Chris,
and myself acted as hosts to the
mounted and city police, and when I
was the whole "underground" movement of the S. P. of C, he would remember that my jaws don't work bo
easily as to gain for mc a reputation
for "spilling the beans."
I never saw his letter, a letter worthy of a village clergyman, and which
Mencken ln his virile American-English, wuld call "an Incoherent jumble
of flapdoodle," until it was set up by
the printer. It read so unutterably
foolish that I asked If I might bc allowed to see the original. This original proved that the printer had made
no mistakes. Even In quoting the title
of my article the letter shows that
Com. Harrington's powers of observation are on thc wane; I did not write
on "Revolutions, Historical and Hysterical," but "Materialism, Historical
or Hysterical." If I had made any
alterations in this letter, I could not
possibly havo made it any loss intelligible than it is, and Com. Harrington
ndmits this in his second letter, when
he says: "Part of the obscurities at
nny rate can be charged, let us say,
to the printer."
Our knowledge of Coin. Harrington
inclines us to the belief that this was
not the only letter he wrote. We are
of opinion that he attempted to reply
ot length, and, recognizing the futility
of any effort to holster up the position
lhat h ecllngs to wltb such pathetic
fidelity, be scribbled the letter that appeared In Thc Federatlonist. Seeing
It In cold print, he now wishes to disown It.
His accusation and automatic condemnation Is a poor advertisement for
the relentlessly scientific methods of
the politically decomposing body of
ersatz revolu tlonlsts of which he Is
the head and front, which claims to
be as unemotional as a railway schedule or the tubles of logarithms in tht
bnck end of the Chart Room Manual,
tl further lacks that judicial potee
lhat should accompany the tradition
of hifalli-bility.
When the intellectual panjandrum
who occupies the editorial chair of tho
S. P.'s party organ, condescends lo
write an editorial, his work bears the
nnmlstakeable Imprint or Frederlch
Wilhelm Nietzsche, diluted witb the
Presbyterian demonology of the Wee
Free Kirk of Scotland. The superman
superimposed on salvation by election:
The party of which 1 am a membor,
has been singled out for attack ever
since it enme Into existence, and it
was In answer lo twelve months of
calumny and slander and the "violence of critical thought" that I wrote
the original article. I had no intention of making a goat of Com. Harrington. Those two letters of his
would seem to indicate that he needs
no aid from me, as he appears desirous and fully qualified to accomplish
thfs objective for himself.
If T have not already trespassed too
much on your space, just allow me to
add a few words more for the benefit
of Blllffttck and several comrades who
have approached me personally. After
exhausting his knowledgo of the dead
languages In paying an unavoidable
tribute to the Intellectual attainments
of Lenin and Trotsky, Com. Harrington suggests that Fred Hartmann and
the anti-Marxist Simkovltch should be
Occupation Army Exceeds
Provisions of Peace
Dortmuna, Germany—Before the
war, the Rhlneland had a garrison of
70,000 German soldiers and ollicers.
The present allied armies of occupation In tho Rhlneland exceed 110,000.
By the terms of the treaty of Versailles, tho entire arm of Germany
may not exceed 110,000 men.
The garrisons of the Allies in tho
Rhlneland are scattered over 207 localities. In pre-war times, when German militarism was at its height, only
36 cities In the Rhlneland had garrisons.
Until the conclusion of the armistice. 2768 acres of land had been set
aside, in the Rhenish territory now
occupied, for aviation grounds for the
German navy. The armies of occupation have requisitioned these grounds
and additional 3220 acres for aviation
For shooting and drill grounds, 9400
acres of former (Jerman practice
grounds were requisitioned, and in addition, 7932 acres of cultivated soil.
He provisioning of Germany with
food Is mode that much more difficult.
On SUNDAY, MAY 13th, 1923
At 8 p.m.
KeeerHly returned from Russia
Charles Lestor has been challenged (o debate at this meeting, tho following proposition: "Resolved, that the alms and policies of the Communist International express the real needs and best interests of the
international working class."
Affirmative, SPECTOR; Negative, LESTOR
$12,000 Dollars Per Student
Is What Australia
Sydney, N. S. W.—-At the Australian
military college at Duntroon, tho Australian equivalent of West Point, there
arc twenty students in training, and to
see that thoy become efficient, there
arc CO Instructors and servants to attend them. The cost of upkeep of the
college Is $21)0.000 per annum, or over
$12,000 per student.
The New South Wales State government has asked the Fedoral government to close down the institution,
savo the $21.0,000 of the taxpayers'
money, and turn the college over to
tho Stato government for use as an
agricultural college. The Federal
govornment, however, doos not fall In
with this Idea, preferring to maintain
the snobbish institution even though
it does cost $12,000 a year to turn a
wealthy man's son into n military officer.
Industrial Prosperity Hurting the United States
Washington-—Another Moscow plot:
Industrial prosperity ls hurting the
United States navy. Young men will
not sign up for six-year enlistment
terms in the navy "under the present
conditions of prosperity" the bureau
of navigation reports.
it Is even difficult to get them to
enlist for four-year terms,. "because
private industrial plants can pay them
much more," according to a memorandum issued by the bureau based on
reports of recruiting officers throughout the country.
"Hotter business over the country."
says the burenu. "has reduced enlistments from D00 to 3-10 per week, and
applications from UOOO to 1)50."
Can It be that the patriotic young
men or America join the army and
navy only when Jobs aro lucking elso
where? It would be Just like tho tor
rlblc pacifists to make propaganda oui
of the navy's confession.
Decline Offer to Enter Government But Line Up to
Defeat Capitalists
Dresden, Germany—With the help
or benevolent neutrality on the part
of the Communists, a purely Socialist
cabinet has finally been formed in
Saxony to succeed thc coalition that
was deposed enrly In February by the
joint votes of the Communists and
the extreme right.
The Communists, while declining to
enter thc government, have agreed to
support a Socialist cabinet provided
lt adheres to tho following:
1. An amnesty law to be introduced into tho assembly Immediately
which will fnvor political offenders,
those who have broken the law because of personal poverty, and those
who have aided In the prevention of
2. To prevent profiteering, price
control commissions to be established
In all cities over 10,000 Inhabitants.
3. A chamber of labor, similar tu
the one ln Austria, to be created.
4. Proletarian   defense   organizations to be set up throughout Saxony I
for the purpose of "protecting tho tie- j
of Labor organizations."
$1.95  $2.45]
$3.95 :: $4.50 :: $5
Oor. Homer aud Hartings
Fruit Farming In B. O.
Urban—Hello, Bill. How's the fr j
farm?   Whatoha doin* here?
Suburban—Lookln' for work. Tl
farm won't keop me, so I must kef
the farm.
Every reader of The Federation
cnn render valuable assistance by f
ncwlng their subscriptions as soonl
they nro due, und by Inducing onotlj
meetings and property! worker to subscribe.   It docs not til
i much effort to do this.   Try It.
enshrined   with   Buonarottl   ami   Ba-
This suggestion is offered merely for
the purpose or blinding us all with the
magnificence of Com. Harrington's
knowledge of Marxian literature. But
we are not duly impresesd, either with
Ils profundity or Intimacy, and for my
own part, I have no Intention of Investing in smoked glasses. We have
no occasion to be beholden to the
anti-Marxist Slmkovltch as the passage from "Class struggles in France"
is not from his foot notes, but from
"An Enquiry Into Dictatorship," by
Max Beer, a good Communist.
Regarding the other wilier. Hartmann, there is no occasion for glorification. The passage is a translation
from an Italian year book, translated
Into German by HIazanov. one of the
greatest book Marxians in Russia, and
further translated Into English from
Kautsky's paper, "Die Xeuc Hell," by
H3, and C. Paul. There Is no more
occasion to enshrine Hartmunn than
there would be to enshrine Jack Ka
rlngton, if he should by some chanoe
write "Workers of the world, unit!
Tt Is to be hoped that this Is but n
transient silliness on the part of Com,
Harrington, and that ho Is not one of
those "who utter their Ignorant stereo*
typed commonplaces, their character'
Istlc nonsense with the profound tone
of oracles of scientific Immaculate-
ness" (which Is some moro Marx for
Com. Harrington.
Yours for unity,
PROCRASTINATION is Die thief ofl
life. Why delny? Consult one thatI
can tell you honestly, thon trout youl
successfully, so every hreuth is a plcas-J
ure nnd life n joy.  See him lodny—
Dr. W. Lee Holder]
74 Fairfield Bldg. Seymour 8633|
Oor. Hl'llllYlNc mill IViulcr Kt_et._
gTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed]
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or)
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd. I
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
storry & Mcpherson
Upstairs at 653 GRANVILLE STREET


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