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British Columbia Federationist Aug 31, 1923

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
.4 POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
FIFTEENTH YEAR.   No. 35
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 81,1923
$2.50 PER YEAR
Electric Railwaymen Present Case for Increased Wages to Conciliation Board
FIRST DAY
The conciliation board recently approved by the federal government to
bring about an amicable settlement of
the differences between the. Street and
Electric Rallwaymen's union (employees of the company) and the Brlt-
icm Columbia Electric Railway company on tho quostion of wageB and
working conditions, commenced itB
sessions Monday morning, AuguBt 7th.
Documents authorizing the appointment of A. M. Pound as chairman of tho board, with the scope of
the investigation wore received from
the department of labor at Ottawa,
and read at the outset by Mr. Pound.
The other .two members of the board
are Aid. R. P. Pettipiece, representing
the, men, and A. G. McCandless,
representing tho street railway company.
Messrs. W. G. Murrin and W. Sa-
ville will present the company's views
to the board, apposing any advance in
wages to the employees.
Those comprising the joint advisory
board of the union are: For Vancouver-^. H. Cottrell (chairman); F.
E. Griffln (secretary), and F, A.
Hoover. For New Westminster—A. J.
Bunn and Jt. Higgins. For Victoria—
W.  Gibson and  J.  Pettigrew.
The application made by tho men to
the minister of labor for a board of
conciliation and the letter that was
sent in regard to it by the company
were read, In the course of which it
was shown that the men want an increase of 10 per conl. in wages over
the present rate. This applies to the
men in Vancouver, New Westminster
and in Victoria. Such an increase,
the union points out, would put them
in practically tho same position they
were  before  January,   1322.
On the other hand, thc company
argues that there is no Justification
for such an increase, that the cost of
living is less than at the time of the
■last arbitration, and that if there
is any change contemplated it should
be a further reduction.
Mr. Cottrell addressed the board on
behalf of the employees, which is as
follows:
Mr. Cottrcll's Address.
Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the
Conciliation Board: "I wish to state
that we fully appreciate the difficult
position that you are placed in as
members, of a dondUlatloln board
called together by the govornment of
Canada for the purposo of conciliating between the B.C. Electric Railway company and mombers of the
Street and Electric Rallwaymen's Union (employees of the company) In a
serious situation, and at the outset,
Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, I would
say that we fully appreciate your
good intentions in the difficult situation, and I trust you will not overlook
this, and not take it In any way peraonal to this board If I have to say
something that may not be complimentary to previous boards, or'to the
'whole ictL n of endeavouring to ad-'
just wageivfyj, - *-e process of conciliation awards;.,
In fact, Mr. . A -nan, I might as
well state frankl^O■*• . our members
have unanimously a_y-A_d at the conclusion that, though they may havo
kept the peaco on several occasions,
without doubt wo have been the losers in the long run,
It. is the genoral opinion that we
got the worst of tho deal, and that lt
is usually two to one ln favor of the
company. We believe that wo would
be in a better position to-day if there
had not been such a proposition as a
conciliation board. We appreciate
tlie underlying principlo of endeavouring to settle disputes by conciliation
awards, in order to avoid resorting
to other methods of settling disputes,
such as strikes, and lockouts, but I
think, gentlemen, that In the awards
there should be a recognition of the
value of our organization, the increased responsibilities in our work
with the greater spoed and volumo of
traffic in a modern city; a recognition of the relative position in regard
to wages and conditions that wo had
obtained fhrough the work of our
membership in past years; that the
boards should endeavour to conciliate
between the parties, recognising the
fact, that neither party has agreed to
abide by the findings of tho board.
"I would point out that where some
years ago wo were nearly the highest
paid street railway, mon in Canada
and the United States, sinco we have
turned over a new leaf and been good
boys wo have been going backwards
instead of forwards, both as regards
wages ind working conditions. Is it
any wonder that we have come to the
place where our members have had to
take a different stand, and seriously
consider whether wo can afford to
carry on, taking awards that wo consider aro unfair.
"Let me quote briefly, Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, from a statement
which I will afterwards place in the
hands of the board, to emphasize this
point.
Comparative Wages
Jan,     '   Jan.
1919
1928
Inc.
Vancouver (per hr)$0.'>1
$0.58<_
$0.07 !i
D.troit     •'     "     48
.08
.18
Toronto    "    "    ..... .87
.00
.23
ChlcnKo    "    "     48
.75
.27
Cluv.land    "    " 48
.80
.12
Calgary    "    "     50
.6714
•17)1
Roglna    "    "    ....   .37%
.55
.17%
Boston    "    "    ....   .48
.61
.13
Portland    "    " 50
.62
.12
Saskatoon    " " 41
.05
.24
"Theae   few   Instances,   Mr.
Chair-
man, are from a long list, and I quote
them to emphasize the very important point, that during the last four
years the increase ln Vancouver has
been altogether out of proportion to
the trend of increased wageB in other
cities and the general recognition of
the growing importance in street rallwaymen's work, under the trying conditions of traffic in a modern city.
"Now, Mr, Chairman, there ls probably this excuse for previous boards,
that they have been staggered by the
'vast quantity of data, charts, etc'
submitted by the company for their
consideration to prove the justice of
their claims, for certain it Ib, Mr.
Chairman, they have always the
greater volume of evidence and Just
as certain that in spite of the plain
fact that while street railwaymen in
other cities have beon surging steadily, we have failed to keep pace by
our adherence to these awards. I submit, Mr. Chairman, that it ls scarcely
concoivable that a body of men, organized for the purpose of maintaining their wages and working conditions on a fair basis, will continue
for all time to have their wages cut
by a process of conciliation awards,
when the company does not even apply the reduction (as It has done in
other times) to Its other employees
who aro not organized. Consider gentlemen the situation as it was presented to tho last conciliation board by
the company—that there had boen a
general decline In all wages and in the
cost of living, and it was absolutely
p—-*'-""' that the company should reduce their employees' wages.
"In afl previous alterations in
wages, if we, through a strike or
otherwise manage to obtain a raise in
wages, almost immediately, all the
other emplyees were given a similar
increase, and vice versa, when we, by
the lack of organization or other process received areductlon, all the other
employees were given a similar reduction. This had become so much
of a regular process that there was a
general expression of moral support
from members of the staff who are
not organized. But, on the last occasion, although the company strenuously fought for a 15% reduction to offset auy request on our part for an increase, they were so impressed with
the unfairness of the award, nnd particularly in face of the increasing
prosperity of the company that they
did not, or perhaps it would be moro
appropriate to say 'would not' put it
Into effect on the unorganized employ
ees of the company. I recognise, Mr.
Chairman, that In stating theso facts,
I am not saying anything particularly
to the credit of the memberB of our
organization, that they have stood
for this state of affairs.
"The process of shettlnig our wages
and conditions by endeavoring to
find how much hay and oats we consume, and whether the cost of the
hay and oats has gone up or down,
we submit is absolutely unjust. Our
claim Is for a greater share in the
good things of to-day, for an opportunity for ourselves, our wives and
our children to take their part as
citizens of the community. With the
increased productivity of modern
methods and machinery, a greater
share of the good things of this world
are surely coming to the workers of
to-day and by the same token of
labor-saving methods and machinery
shorter hours and better working conditions should  be brought about  for
all workers. But what do we find.
I don't think, Mr. Chairman, awd
gentlemen of the board, that I could
quote anything better for the purpose
of showing the inability of some people to conceive of these principles
than the reasons givon by tho last
board  for  their award.    They state:
"In arriving at this decision, we
havo taken the following factors into
consideration: (a) Supply and demand, (b) the decrease in the cost of
living, (c) wageB paid locally for a
like class of labor, (d) wages paid
street car employees in other Canadian cities.
"If this doesn't get you coming and
going, you've got to dodge somo. But
what a conception—cun you imagine
anything more typical of modern
capitalism than an award based on
those factors. Is there any conception ln that of a higher degree of citizenship for the worker, or is it not
placing the human animal that has to
work for a living on the samo plane
as sheep and pigs., Is there any likelihood that awards based on those
factors will Igive the workers any
share fn the greater productivity of
to-day? As a maatter of fact, by
this iprocess he must sink lower in
the social scale. They say: *We have
based our award on, first supply and
demand.' That is plain enough at
any rate. If there is a greater supply
of workers, 'Cut down the wages of
those that are working. Work them
longer hours and you'll have a still
greater supply. Cut down the overtime rates and you will have still less
need of drawing on that supply.'
"Second, they say, we have based
our award in part on the factor of
decreased cost of living. In other
words, they can live for less, so thoy
should work for less. Why? Is the
B. C. Electric Railway in a less prosperous position? Is it not a fact that
the cost of materials went down at
the same time, and the B. C. Electric
railway were placed in a more prosperous position? Did street car fares
go down? No! The B. C. Electric
had become a municipally favoured
corporation, had been given the privilege of increasing their fares 50 per
cent, They had been given a monopoly by the suppression of jitney
competition , skip stops had been in
troduced, and yet the board says we
should take less wages because
can buy our necessftfes-forless. There
certainly is no idea in this of giving
us any share in the increased prosperity of the B. C. Electric Railway
company. Some years ago, when Mr.
Murrin was fresh to thfs country, he
very frankly argued before a board of
conciliation that our standard of living was too high, and he very brazenly, as I thought nt the time, expounded tho theory that we were all
wrong In our basis with regard to
cost of living. Wo were basing our
standards on the Labor Gazette quotations of food stuffs—such as beef,
butter, potatoes, etc., when, as a mat
ter of fact, it was surprising how
much this could be reduced if it was
based on the amount of calories contained in the different foods. In other words, there waH no nocessity for a
working man to oat anything but the
foods that contained the necessary
calorics to keep him ln good health
and fit to go to work the next day.
What Mr. Murrin wanted to say, is
often expressed in an Amrricanism;
'Do you want Jam on it?' It sounds
rather bad at this date, I notice that
Mr. Murrin did not repeat the argument. But even at that I don't know
that we have progressed any, when
you consider these factors that are so
frankly given by the last board as
their guide in bringing in their award.
It may be, Mr. Chairman, that Mr.
Murrin would contend that what they
receive as fares or profit is none of
our business. But by the same token
what we do with 'our wages should be
none  of their  business,
"The third factor taken into consideration was 'wages paid locally for a
like class of labor.' We submit, Mr,
Chairman, that it is difficult to classify any aa a like class of labor in
Vancouver, unless it be other public
servants such as letter carriers, policemen, firemen and civic employees.
The nearest comparison would be
wages paid to street railway employees in Seattle, tho nearest large city.
We submitted wages and concessions
of letter carriers policemen and firemen to the board, showing that they
had received no reduction, but certain
it is they were not considered as relevant or we would have been awarded
an increase. But listen to the statemont following in the award: 'Wages
paid locally for a like class of labor in
Vancouver.' Statements and evidence
submitted by the company, as well as
a certain amount of local Information
gathered by the board, convince us
that the general t_rend of wages is
downward, and that other industries
In tho city are paying a considerably
lower scale of wages for all classes of
labor, from skilled mechanics downward to common labor. That is plain
enough at any rate, the statement
and the ovidence of the company was
the only evidence taken into consideration.
"With regard* to the last factor:
"Wages paid to street car employees
fn other cities.' We sumlt that
that is the worst factor when taking
into account the fact that municipally
owned street car systems were not
considered as applicable, and the
wages paid in small towns were considered as applicable.
We had wages that were higher
than most of these eastern cities as
far back as 1914, and If we have to be
paid at their rates we should have to
be set back for all time.
"We submit that the usual procedure of submitting vast quantities of
data, charts and statistics relative to
the cost of living and wages in every
village   in    Canada    Is    unnecessary.
Thero are certain revelant factors
which should be taken Into cosidera-
tion, namely: "What is a fair standard of living commensurate with value of the work performed? We intend to submit to you one statement
showing what we consider would be a
reasonable wage for a family of five
in Vancouver:
"Satlstics showing the wagos received by other public servants In
Vancouver, which have not been reduced for years and, in fact, where
better conditions have obtained:
"A statement* setting forth a comparison of the wages of Btreet railway men in Vancouver as against
street railway men's wages in Seattle:
"A statement showing the general
increase in wages in thet last few
yoars which has been genera! across
the continent.
SECOND I>AY, August 28
Witnesses testify  under oath.
Exhibits submitted to justify claims
for increased wages and changes in
working conditions. Cost of living
chart submitted by railwaymen showing average cost of living for family
of five in Vancouver: the items absolutely necessary for a family to havo
anything liko a respectable existence,
total for one year $1,793.44. Mr. Cottrell, in submitting statements pointed
out that in computation of same there
was nothing allowed for death in the
family; no sinking fund for old age;
no provision for literature, school
books for children; or for ice in hoi
weather; nothing for fruits, such as
bananas, oranges or candies for children; nothing for tobacco. If we were
to enter a proper estimate for Items
left out, he would have to add at
least $300, whtch would make a total
of   ¥2,093.44.
Mr. Murrin stated that in building
up a statement of thfs kind a wholo
lot more items could added. Mr. Cottrell agreed upon this point, but stated
whilo lots could be put in, nothing
could be taken out, that was not essential. Mr. Murrin was asked to
point out any item that he considered
unfair, but stated he would reply to
this  later.
A comparison of wages of tho street
railwaymen throughout Canada and
the United States, between 1919 and
1923, was submitted, showing that
when the difference ■ in Vancouver'
was 7% cents, increases In other cities
were as high as tl % cents per hour,
over 1919. Mr. Cottrell pointed out
that this proved that the responsibilities of street railwaymen were being recognised more than ever alt over the continent. In referring to
street railway work in Vancouver Mr,
Cottrell mentioned the difficulties under which the men had to operate,
showing how entirely different conditions were now when compared to a
few years ago. He mentioned tho increasod speed, increased amount of
traffic on the streets, increased num
ber of cars adding to congestion, and
increased number of passengers. Ho
stated it was a case of the survival of
the fittest fn continuance of employment. A majority of the men were .
old in service of tho company but
young in years. The few old men that
were on 'cars, were by their length
of service, and were strict ln their attention to duty. They wero just aa
capable as the younger men—otherwiso they would not be there.
Several witnesses were called, and
aftor being sworn gave evidence as
to changed condition of operation ln
recent years, bearing out Mr. Cottrell's
statement that all the work was more
hazardous, and tho strain on the men
much greater than formerly.
In answer to Mr. Lofting, who
stated he had been sixteen years on
the cars, Mr. Mm Tin rather heatedly
asked why he did not get another job.
This was resented by Mr. Pettipiece, who suggested that Mr. Murrin
might apply this to himself. Tho
chairman also considered this was not
a  fair question.
Other members of stroet railway-
men who testified were Messrs. Smith
HickH and Turner, each of whom testified as to the increased speed of cars
and the overloading, showing that a
man had to be alert, and absolutely
on the Job tho whole time the wheels
wero  turning.
The question of the double time for
burn men was brought forward. Mr.
Cottretl pointed out that this was
paid for a period of ten years and
awarded by the conciliation board in
1915. The company's representative
at that time being Mr. McCandless.
This had been taken away by the last
board.
Mr. Cottrell contended that If it was
fair In 1915 it was more so today.
Since the overtime rato had been reduced the amount of overtime worked
had treblod.
This was denied by Mr. Murrin
Mr. Cottrell statod this could easily
be proved by submitting the pay-rolls,
and asked that these be produced for
the board. Other exhibits submitted
were agreements of the Milk Drivers'
wages and conditions of Flre and
Police departments also Civic Employees,
THIRD DAY,  August 29.
Mr. Cottrell continued the case for
tho men, and called several witnesses
as to tho position a man got Into in
case of sickness of himsolf or family,
nnd to prove the increase of overtime
worked in the barn since the overtime
rates were reduced from double time
to time-and-a-half.
Mr. Murrin denied that they have
worked a greater amount of overtime
than they would havo done under the
increased rate. Ho promised to produce the puy roles to prove this.
Mr. Cottrell finished the men's side.
The company's side will be started
Thursday morning at 10 o'clock.
101
A Resolution on Autonomy
Will Be Submitted to
Convention
Of Trades and Labor Congress of Canada Here
on Sept. 10th
Following resolutions on the autonomy for the Canadian section of international trade unions, have boon
sent out by lodgo No. 235, I.A.of M.,
and endorsed by the Toronto Trades
and Labor Council; lodge No. Ill, I.
A.M., and others, lt will be submitted to the Vancouver convontion of
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada,   whicli   meets  next  Monday:
Ilesolved—1. That to the end that
the Trades congross may be the real
centre of trade union power in Canada,.'power be given it to increase its
per capita and levy assessments.
2. That each International trade
union affiliated with the Trades congress establish Canadian departments
with well-defined power and autonomy, all economic and financial activities to be co-ordinated through the
International officers at the department head.
3. That each department of the
A.F. of L. building, railroad, etc., sot
up Canadian sections as has already
been done by the metal and railroad
departments.
4. That the Canadian departments
of international unions, bo conceded
the right lo strike, and to participate
in any political activity in tho interests of the Canadian working-class.
Minors* Pension Bill
A bill submitted to the Belgian
chamber of deputies on July 10, 1923,
covers the government plan for providing the promised pension for old
and disabled miners.
CARPENTERS MEET
Trado   Slightly   Improved—Members
Still  Leuvnlff  for the
-United States
The Brotherhood of Carpenters 'and
Joiners Union, No. 452, held a well-
attended meeting on Monday evening, August 27th. After considerable
discussion the locat endorsed the
scheme of the District Council to embrace all the wood-working unions in
Vancouver and district.
Tho next meeting of the local 452
falls on Monday, Sept. 10th, when
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada meets ln its annual convention in Vancouver. As a largo number of carpenters will foregather hero
from all parts of Canada to attend the
congress as delegates, it was decided
to Invite them to be present at said
meeting 10th September, of the union.
The business agent reported lhat
trade had Improved slightly, nevertheless members wero still leaving for
the United States. One new member
was   admitted.
A BUDGE! OF NEWS
Delegates Elected to Trades
Congress—Labor Party
Convention
AhiiicdnbiMl Cotton Mill Strike Ends
Cotton mill workers, who havo engaged in a prolonged strike at Ahme-
dabad, India, have reached a working
agreement with thoMUlowners' assoc-
ciation, and it is expected that all
mills will soon be operating full time.
The working agreement permits the
Millowners' association to reconsider
its previous resolution to reduce salaries 20 per cent., but the actual present reduction Is about 15 per cont,
and additional matters in disputo are
to be submitted to an arbitrator.
Don't forget the big dance at the
Alexandria hall on Monday, September 10th. This dance will be held
under the auspices of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, It is expected to be a feature of the entertainment of delegates to the annual
convention of the Trades and Labor
congress  of Canada,
Strikers Parade in  Bilbao.
Groups of striking miners paraded
through the streets of Bilbao, Spain,
recently some carrying red flags, Residents threw monoy from windows, as
much suffering prevails among tho
strikers. Severn) restaurants were
looted by the strikers,
Picnic of Civic Employees-
Labor Vote—R. B.
Roe Dies
(Special  Correspondence)
Edmonton, Alta,' Aug. 28—J. w.
Flndlay and Elmer __, Roper will bo
delegates of the Trades and Labor
council of this city to attend the Vancouvor convention of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, commencing   September   10th.
JohnW. Bruce, president of the
Canadian Labor party has written to
E. E. Owen, secretary of the C.L.P.,
suggesting an open meeting of tho
delegates interested. This will bo
done at art early date. It is the intention pf all Alberta delegates to organize central councils throughout
tho province.
About 4000 pick nickers attended
the Edmonton civic employees' annual picnic field recently at the East
End park. They proved lakes or sea
shores are not necessary to stage a
successful outing. Acting Mayor Malone presented tho prizes won by contestants at the sports. A. A. Campbell
was chairman, and ,T. J. McCormack
acted as secretary,
A 100 per cent, registration and poll
of the labor vote at tho November
elections Is the aim of the C.L.P.
here
Robert 11. Hue, whose death took
place recently, was one of the best
known and highly esteemnod officials
in tho labor movement of this city.
The deceased for 26 years had been
a memher of the Amalgamated Carpenters, of which he had beon secretary, also delegato to the T and L
Counoll,
ANNUAL FIELD DAY
Mines   Surety-First  Association   Will
Celebrate Labor Day at
Ladysmlth
The Vancouver Island Mines Safety-First association will hold the annual field day at Ladysmlth this year,
and it will take pluce on Labor Day,
Monday, 3rd September. It is three
years now since this event was held
in Ladysmith, and it was a huge success that day. This year, those in
charge intend to make it still more
interesting and instructive.
Recently the association held Its
annual meeting at Nanaimo and appointed Sam Jones as president; Wm.
Tou hey, of Cassldy, as vice-president,
and W. H. Moore, of Nanaimo, as
socretary-treasurer.
Meet tho delegates to the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada at the
big dance In tho Alexandria hall, to
ho held on Monday, September 12th.
flood music, and a good time guaranteed to all. Admission* ladies
2". cents, and gents, 50 conts.
I SHE AFFECTS
Follow the C. G. M. M. in
Making Conditions So
Unsatisfactory
You may wish to help Tho Feder-
atlonist. You cnn do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending In tho subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Meetings Next Week
171OLLOWING organizations wiU hold
' tlieir regular meetings duriug the
weok commencing September Lit:
Brothorhood of Boijermakora—Monday,
Gonorai Laborers sionoay.
Sailors' Union—Monday, at 7;**n p.m.
Street nnd Eloottlo Railway Em-
li In ym!.., No. 101—Monday.
Journeymen  Tnilors,   17^— Monday,   8
Conn ell—T111* ilny,
• Union Ot ». C—
_>*:
Triidos nnd  ba
8 p.m.
Federated Senfi
Tuesday.
Fodoratfld   Labor  Party—Wed nesday.
Hotel   and   Restaurant   Employees —
Wodnostiay, 3:30 p.m.
Workers' Pnrty of Canada-—Wednesday;
Si "'ii in    nnd    Oprniling    Engineers—
Thursday, 8 p.m.
JlnchiniMs, No.   182—Thursday.
Civic  Employees—Fridny,
I'll.'   Drivers   nml   HrMRi-   Builders-
Fridny, 8 p.tn.
Society   for  Technical   Aid   to   Sovlet
RiiKsIa—Sunday, 2 p.m.
Advertise for Marine Firemen and Sailors in the
Calgary Papers
The steamer City of Victoria arrived In port last week, under similar
conditions existing on C.G.M.M. vessels. It .should be noted that tho
Coughlan Interests as a private shipping firm operating tho steamers
steamers City ot Victoria, City of
Vancouver, Margaret Coughlan, {now
sold) followed tho CO M.M. In their
tactics of making conditions abominable aboard their vessels. The Coughlan ships at. one time paid overtime
without hesitation. In April of Mils
year at Victoria a lawsuit uoh started
against tho Captain of tha City of
Vancouver for over $400 of tho
men's wages, which resulted In the
ease being withdrawn from Magls-
strate .Tay and the men being paid
the money that Captain Elf ord Intended to keep from them, The company was willing to pay any Increase
or to givo better conditions as soon
as the Canadian merchant marine did
so on their vessel-.. Appeals arc being
made for men to man the ships as all
of the union mon aboard decided to
hold out for better conditions than
exist at present aboard tho City of
Victoria.
A registrated letter was scat to
.John Couglan on August 22nd, notifying idem that the striko would affect
their vessels anti that the seafarers
were willing to meet them to adjust
matters, but so far we liavo not had
a reply from them. The officers of
this ship realize that It Is a very hard
task to handle men who act as strike-
(Continued   on   page  4)
DISTRICT 18, U. M. W. A.
Will   Hold   Send-Animal   Convention
at Cnlgary Coinimuieing
October 15
Calgary, Alta. Aug. 28.—Thc semiannual convention of District 18, U.M.
W. uf A. will be held at Calgary, commencing October 15th. Amongst the
International officials present will be
John L. Lewis, Indianapolis, president of the U.M.W.A. The convention will be held in the G.W.V.A.
Memorial hta.ll, nt»d District President William Sherman says there will
probably be about 60 delegates present representing tlie miners all over
the district. International organise
tion business, amendments to the eon
stitution and other matters will In
discussed at this meeting.
IVoin tlio Mill*. Drivel's
The Milk Salesmen and Dairy Employees Union are now engaged In
cleaning up a few of the cranks
around town who seem to think that
all drivers are rnm.es and accuse them
ot stealing money, goods and other
portabtos, A case arose the other day
in Which 8 customer accused a salesman of ffolng Into her kitchen and
taking a $-*"> bill out of her purse. She
phoned Up his employer, and said unless he brought the money back, sho
would have him arrested. On Calling
her bluff she backed down ami apologized all round, This, however, doos
not compensate the man for the mental agony ho went through. The
union is determined to make nn example of tin* next caso, and either
make the customer prove their ease or
olse sue them for damages. Another
beautiful example of human goneros-
Ity wiis a case on Alberni streot of a
lady who. 1>V mistake, gave her Bales*,
man two Jli*i bills stuck togothor, The
salesman discovered this and took one
back, Hi-r appreciation was so great
that sho quit him, and Is now taking
her milk from some one else. We are
not dishonest, and do not wish anyone
any harm, but we hope that next time
she makes a mistake, il will be with
snme hop head, and We can assure her
she will not gel her bill back. If you
want m hr sun- of a good steady delivery system, insist on having your
milk delivered by union men, who are
on the job rain or shine, to give you
honest service,—Com.
They Were Induced to Come
to Canada Under False
Promises
Affidavits Placed with Ollicers Montreal Central
Body
A recent Montreal despatch statet*.
Ltiat wane workers from Scotland
made affidavit that tbey were induced to eome to Canada under falso
promises. The affidavits have heen
placed In the hands of officers of iho
Trades and Labor council and President Tom Moore of ihe Canadian
Trades and Labor Congress has been
naked to present these eases m the
dominion immigrntion department.
The central body also recommend!.
that labor organisations In Great
Britain, through the fraternal dole-
Kate rrom the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, be notified of industrial conditions in Canada, aud that
they, in turn, Inform their members
of ihe risks they incur in coming to
Canada, tlirough the Intermediary of
transportation companies or other
companies interested in Immigration
schemes. Delegates will be sent to
the Vancouver convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress 1.1 consider  Immigration  affairs.
Patronize Fecioratlonint advertisers.
Complimentary Social and Danco
(>n Saturday evening, September S,
the Federated Labor party will hold
a complimentary social and dance in
honor of J. S. WondHworth, M.P.; and
W. It. and Mrs, Troiter, who will be
visiting the coast during the coming
month. Supper will bo served at seven o'clock; duncing nine to twelvo.
Tickets, including supper and dance,
IL, may be secured from members of
the party. Admission to dance, ladles 26 cents, gentlemen 50 eents. PAGE TWO
FIFTEENTH YEAR.    No. 35 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, B. C.
FRIDAY August  31,   1923
British Columbia Federationist
published  every  Friday  morning  by
Tho   British   Columbia   Federationist
Business Office:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial Office: ltoom 306—319 Ponder W.
Editorial Board: V. it. Bengough, It. H. Noel*
anda, J. M.  Clark, goorge Bartley.
Subscription Rato: United States and Foreign, $3.00 por year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to UnionB subscribing In a body, 16c per member .per
month.	
Unity of Ltbor:   The Hope of tha World
FRIDAY August   31,   1923
REFLECTIONS ON LABOK DAY
N
EXT MONDAY will be Labor day.
is
_ j It Is not merely a holiday; it
something more than an occasion for
sport and recreation. This annual holiday was sanctioned by parliament ln
1894—aa advocated by the Trades and
Labor Congress of* Canada—so that
the laboring people especially might
come together, if they so desired, for f
suitable and worthy suggestions, calculated to advance their interests. As
an anniversary, commemorative and
educative, it should be celebrated as
a day of justice. In an ideal world of
perfect freedom and equal rights—a
Labor day as such—would be unnecessary, and labor unions themselves would have no reason for existing. It Is only the struggle between
the two groat conflicting interests in
the world that render them necessary.
*        -_        *
Regarding the average working-
man, it goes almost without saying,
that but for the dependent mother or
wife and childron at home, he would
be willing to meet his oppressor face
to face, single-handed and in any
case of gross 'provocation would stand
by his rights and hold his own. The
real object of labor organizations is
not to take from capital its property,
but to claim for labor what it has already earned and what, therefore,
rightfully belongs to it.
Labor unions are not organized
merely for the purpose of raising
wages. If gaining an extra dollar
wore all the workingman had in view,
it would be easy for him to work on
through the night and thus make
money. But then the age requires
that a man's life must be something
beyond a mere existonce, with no opportunity of even getting acquainted
with his children. It is very necessary
that ho has knowledge of this world's
affairs: to taste of some of the sweet
things of this life for he generally has
a surfeit of the bitter. Ho cannot bo
enlightened without opportunity, ana
ho cannot havo the opportunity without time. It is for this reason and
with this object in viow that labor
unions address themselves to the task
of securing better hours. They demand proper hours for working men,
not merely for physical rest, but for
the cultivation of home life and of the
higher side of humanity.
* *
These demands of the laborer are
just and fair and are made not as
asking a favor, but as a right, in order to secure for himself a larger and
more equal proportion of what was
originally his own by right of creation. Benjamin Franklin stated over
a century and a half ago that there
was enough and to spare of real
wealth—natural resources—in North
America—for the needs and requirements of four hundred million poople
by working four hours a day. His
were the days of handicraft. This is
the age of machinery. Tho power of
production has been Increased enormously. There will come a time when
the controllers of untold billions of
capital will realize that the "capital
of capital is labor" through the cooperative efforts of unions.
* » *
From eortain sources the hue and
cry has been raised that the object of
bonaf-de labor organizations is to
war against wealth, Labor makes no
war against wealth as wealth; but war
Is waged against the bad uses to which
that wealth is put In oppressing tho
laborer .and against the unjust
methods whtch are resorted to In ordor to acquire It. So far from hating
wealth or warring against It, the well-
informed laborer recognizes the fact
that the acquisition of wealth is tho
goal toward which his own efforts
tend. ,- .
! "I.      '     *       *       *
Capitalists are not consistent with
their complaints ngainst labor unions,
Wage earners have as much right to
organize to protect and advance their
interests as have bankers, railroad
magnates or mine operators. If it had
not been for the fierce oppression of
such men In the long and hitter past,
there would be no highly organized
and aggressive unions today
This country is largely Indebted to
wage-earners for all lt has had, for all
it has now, for all it can hope to have.
No part of the people of thc world are
so important to tho welfare of mankind as those whose labor and brain
convert natural resources into material wealth.
The greatest menace to tho employed laborer today Is the increasing
army of tho unemployed. If ft ls due
to legislation which is wrong, thon It
Is not only the right of every 'worklngman but his bounden duty to organizo to chango that legislation.
It is not tho principle of popular
government—civilization needs government—but the abuse of lt against
which labor has the right to complain.
* * '   ■   *
Discontent lies at the foundation of
all progress. To advance, labor must
have both facts and good reason in
its favor.
* *        #
Among working people at all times
have been found those who would betray vtheir brethren and sell them into
bondage if they only could; yet in
spite of this fact, the working peoplo
have been the great impelling forces
that have lifted civilization from generation to generation up to higher
ground.
* *       •
The ballot may be the means by
which the people of this country must
right every wrong, and lf the people
have not the Independence, if they
have not the intelligence to right their
wrongs by casting a secret vote at tho
ballot-box, they have not the courage
to secure their rights in any other
way.
IM'ltMC DEFENDER
EARLY in 1921 an attempt was
made to have a "public'defender"
appointed for tho polico court of Vancouver. Upon what grounds this proposal was dropped, you might ask tho
mayor and police commissioners, or
maybe the attorney-general for the
province. Like many other good proposals, it was pigeon-holed or thrown
In the waste basket. The great need
of a public defender is apparent almost every day at the local police
court when accused persons appear
before the magistrato who—because
of their inability for tlie lack of money
to engage counsel—are prevented
having proper defense. This being so,
oftimes tho unfortunate prisoner is
deprived of whatever mitigating
points of evidence tliat might be
urged before the court in his or her
favor, resulting In justice being done.
Some ollicers are always quite eager to
procure convictions — regardless of
justice being meted out—thoso whom
they charge with crime. This is another proof why free counsel should
be provided to down-and-outers. Of
courso, thore are plenty or casos
whero lawyers defend needy clients
and arc never paid for their services.
Wc also arc informed tbat Morris
Soskin, a well-known local barrister,
has even offered his services as public
defender without chargo to thc city
for a period of six montha. We believe that the citizens genorally will
support this matter.
AUSTRALIA PRAISED
Labor's Economic, Social nnd Political Position Held Better Tlmn
In   England.
It Is sometimes said for Australia
that she has achieved ideal conditions
for the workers—"a heaven on earth,
says a writer in a recent issue of tho
Daily Herald of London, who continues, "That Is a large claim which
must be qualified. Tho poor are still
poor in Australia and the profiteer
still profits. Unemployment Is still
more or less chronic. Last winter
thero were at least 15,000 unemployed
in Melbourne atone, without even the
'dole' to make existence possible. As
a consequence strikes and lockouts are
hardly less frequent than In the Old
World.
"Nevertheless, the town worker of
Australia Is distinctly better off than
his British brother. The existence of
an arbitration court, with power to
enforce a minimum wage, hos tended
to provent sweating and to enforco a
more or less uniform standard. The
unions are strong and well organized.
Their membership of 700,000 represents something like 90 per cont. of
the workers. Working conditions are
good. The eight-hour day is In legal
operation and in many industries tho
44-hour week is usual. Holidays nre
more frequent than in Great Britain,
and in the better organized Industries
pnyment i'or holidays Is obtained.
"This comparative prosperity is reflected In the figures of the savings
banks, which have more than 3,000,-
000 depositors, equal to about 00 per
cent, of the total population. The total
deposits amount to over £150,000,000,
or £28 per head of-population. Attain,
real wages—actual wages are deceptive, owing to the difference in the
cost of living—are at least 25 per
eent, better than In Great Britain.
"Above all, the Australian worlt er
has the advantage of a mngnlflcent
climate. For a single mun without
responsibilities, lifo Is comparatively
free and pleasant. Then, again, Australia suffers much less from socl
snobbery and feudalism. Sports and
amusements are organized on a far
more democratic basis. EJven cricket
Is free from the nhsurd distinctions
between amateurs and professionals.
Race courses and football grounds are
more accessible and provide far better
accommodations,
"Lastly, universal suffrage, backod
by the untiring efforts of the Australian Labor Party, has established
something approaching politicul
equality, Labor has held power lu
the Commonwealth and in every state
parliament except Victoria. Tho lit,
eral payment of membors has made
the highest positions accesslblo to all.
Social position and a well-lined purse
ore no passports to political power
1AGAI
LEAD
As a Productive Country
and Create New Era
in Industry
In
Soutli Mallhind Coal Mines Cloned
Nineteen mines lu the South Mult-
land coal district. Now South Wales,
remain closed, ntxt It Is said that thc
genera) situation of coal supplies Is
going from bad to worse, on uccount
of the prolonged dispute between tho
mlno  owners  and   coul   miners.
1823 Napoleon Ruined
England—Saved By
Machinery
[By Herbert.N, Cassonl
When other nations imitate our
commodities and produce more cheaply than we do, we make something
else," says a writer ln the Mjncheste.'
Guardian. "There is a sense," he
says, "In which we live by our wits."
True. Every civilized nation lives
by its wits—we British most of all.
Living by our wits means living by
our intelligence—-our inventions—our
science and machinery and new ideas.
And we have never needed more
wits" as much as we do at this moment. It is now clear to everyone
who knows the meaning of arithmetic, that we are financially in a hole—
In the deepest hole we have ever been
in. Can we get out of it? Ves, we
can. I do not doubt for a. moment
that we shall bo out of it in IB or 20
years. But at our present rate of progress, we shall never get out\ We
must adopt a new policy of production or we are done for—of that there
can be no doubt. What happened 100
years ago can happen again.
In 1S23, England was ruined by the
long war with Napoleon. She had
won a great victory, but she was In
the depths of poverty and wretchedness, London was packed with paupers. The jails and workhouse? were
lull to bursting. Hundreds of the men
who conquered Napoleon wero atarv-
ing in the land they fought for. The
debt was enormous, It was the chiof
of all tho troubles—the debt. It was
nearly $2ii00 per'family. It was one-
third of the national wealth.
England hus become a treadmill,"
said Heinle, the Jewish poet. Who visited London in 182S. "The people
have to work day and night," he said,
"in order to feed their creditors. All
England is in a state of dull and help-
lews resignation."
Then what happened? Was this
debt paid off? No, it is not paid off
yet. We still owe for the battle of
Waterloo, although we have paid for
It four times over in interest. The
faet Is that it became a light burden,
not because it was reduced or repudiated, but because the British people
found a new way to make more
money.
In came '-.nat and machinery, Britain found a better way to create
wenl.h—not by sweating th. workers,
but by using new mechanical forces,
that enabled one man to produce as
much as ten mon. These new forces
—coal and machinery, made England
the busy workshop of the world.
For 70 years, from 1830 to 1900,
England was the most 'productive
country. She created a now era—the
Industrial age. She ruled the markots and the seas. Her goods went aU
over the globe, to the wholo human
race. She invented railways and
steamships and power machinery—
tho three greutest factors of production and distribution. For two generations, England had almost a monopoly of new ideas in trade and commerce. As a result, she became so
rich that the debt didn't matter.
The men who saved England were
Stephenson, Watt, Arkwrlght, Hargreavos and Cartwright. They were
not titled nor even educated men.
They were rank and tile Scots and
Englishmen, and they saved Great
IJritaln, and made it the foromost
country In the world. They invented
a better wuy to make money. They
wero plain, blunt, practical men who
found out a now way to Increase the
labor-power of tho workers, without
Increasing their efforts. They received no help from the government and
none from tho dally pi-ess—no more
than you und I have ever hud. But
they found a now power, and In spito
of nil manner of opposition and the
most eruel indifference and neglect,
they gave this new power to Great
Britain.
Now, what about today? What
nbout this socond greut debt, which ls
$4,000 per family. Onco more we are
lu a pit, with a host of unemployed
and thousands of idle machines. Today coal and machinery cannot help
us. We are no longer leading the
world in the use of these? The Unltod
Stutes has beaten Great Britain.
Here are two facts that are unanswerable;
1. Britain's coat production ls 200
tons a year per minor; and the American production Is 700 tons.
2. Britain's avorago horse power
por worker Is 1.5; and in America lt
Is 3.25.
The Americans havo beaten Great
Britain—3 to I, In the matter of coal
and machinery,
Also, they have beaten us In the
lino of organization. Wo huvo no
firms that can be compared with the
U, S. Steol Corporation, which hus
nearly $2,000,000,000 of capital.
Germany hns bouton Britain In
chemistry, too, so that In mechanical
und scientific Improvements Wo nre no
longer In the first place. In theso lines
we huve beon bouton, and I do not see
any chance of recovering our lost su
premucy.
For nine years 1 have boon trying
to point out that our methods o
manufacturing and selling are out-of
date, The old methods are comfort
able, und whatever Is comfortable in
England is not likely to be improved.
Almost every British firm would
sooner lose thousands of pounds a
year, than exert itself to go out of its
comfortable rut. It would sooner lose
money happily than make money with
discomfort. No doubt most of you
knew all this years ago, but I have
only recently learned it, at a ccsr. of
nine years misdirected energy. I am
now convinced that Great Britain will
never be efficient, in the American
and German sense of efficiency. I
have learned that there is a higher
human efficiency in Groat Britain*
which does not exist in Gormany and
the United States.
There is an efficiency that takes in
character and good manners and
friendship and comfort and sympathy
and self-respect and happiness. This
efficiency has no name, You can call
it the national character, if you like;
but it ls a definite world forco, as new
and creative as coal and machinery
were 100 years ago.
The world has had enough of new
machines. It has had enough of science,, even, now that it has learned
that science may mean Zeppelins and
submarines and poison gas and "big
berthas."
It has learned that brains without
hearts hurls a world to the devil-
that the main thing always and everywhere, Is the quality of the pooplo
themselves, and not the clever things
that they invent. It has learned that
a jungle would not be improved by
teaching chemistry to the monkeys
and efficiency to the wild pigs.
The world needs a better, kindlier,
gentler and more honorable race of
people. It needs mills and factories
where the directors, managers and
workers who will "pull" together and
work in harmony. It noeds retail
shops where the lirst commandment
is: "Thou shalt love the customer as
thyself." It needs towns gay with
comradeship aud prosperous with self-
help and team play. Now, we have
not yet reached this ideal, but wo are
nearer to It than any other nation is.
Britain's credit,* which is another
name for character, is higher than it
iias ever beon. It is higher than the
credit of America, although America
Is now the richest of countries. Britain has the goodwill of tho world,
too, more than any other nation has.
The most popular and respected traveller in any country today is a Britisher—this is a tremendous fact that
tho pessimists ure forgetting. There
is a more friendly feeling between
rich and poor, in this snug little island than there is anywhere else. Here
—we are all of one breed. We understand and respect each other. Frank
Hodges has as much brains us the
Duke of Northumberland; and everybody knows that Frank would have
made a good duke, and the duke
would have made a good labor leader.
In the United States, on the contrary,
there Is a human nature problem that
will take at least a century to solve.
There—fifty different nationalities
have transplanted their hatreds. There
—the whole "zoo" is ln one big cage
—how can there possibly be comradeship and team play?
Germany, too, is split up into warring factions. Prussia and Bavaria
may be fighting at any moment.
As for France, she is in a better
position, but she would be more popular if she wero as keen in paying her
debts as she is ln collecting reparations. France is all for France, which
is not a wise policy to follow, after a
war in which, twenty nations were
fighting to protect her.
So, here Is Britain's chance to lead
the world again. We can now create
a higher standard of human efficiency
just as—100 years ago, we created a
higher standard of Industrial efficiency. We can develop the human
side of trade and commerce—the
salesmanship, arbitration, craftmen-
shlp, friendship, reliability, credit, enthusiasm, co-operation. We can define honesty ao clearly that the tricky
nations will see what It means. We
can put truth to work, just sb we put
steam to work, 100 years ago.
We can prove that nothing in the
world can increase production as
much as happiness can.
All this will not be done by the passing of a law. No law was passed to
help Stephenson, Watt, Arkwright,
Hargreavos and Cartwrlght. They
were inspired by a new idea and they
put it to work. They were only five
common Britishers. They didn't even
have a magazine. But they lifted
Great Britain to a higher level, and
taught the whole world a better
method of production.
Today—a century later, all this
must be done again. Another new
principle must be put to work.
ENGLISH YOUTH
Quitting die Old Country by Thousands—Only Relief for Unemployment
A New York despatch says that
the best types of tho younger generation In England are leaving that country in thousands every week, according to William C. Robinson, member
of Parliament for a Yorkshire district, who has arrived here on the
Caronia. Nearly 1000 young English
farmers landed at Halifax when the
Caronia-.touchod there, said Mr. Bobinson. He said that in his opinion continued immigration from England was
tho only solution for the serious unemployment situation there.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Ask To Be Shown
The Gossard
Clasp-Around
at $3.75
An Exceptionally Fine Corset
Por Sports Wear
A LOW top model with 13-inch surgical elastic side
sections, and with back and front of dainty
figured brochc. This Corset is scientifically boned
in such a manner as to impart the very fashionable
flat lines. For average figures, sizes 24 to 28, $3.75
a pair.
—l)ry--itln'.s Corset Shop and Fitting Room., Second Floor.
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymonr 3540
On September 1st the barbers of
Paris will put in force a new schedule of prices. A shave will cost one
franc (6 cents), and a hair-cut, 1%
francs'-  cents).
BURNING STOMACH
Believed In two minutes with
JO-TO
Jo-To relieves bus pinna, acid stomach, heart■
burn, after-eating distress nnd all forms oi
indigestion quickly, without harm.
AU Drug Stores,
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C.
fWw^-^MIl
• J___*
Unemployment
Unemployment in Sweden ia steadily decreasing, according to reports of
the Unemployed commission, which
announces a drop oi. from 35,200 unemployed persons, on May 1, 1923, to
24,100 on June 1, 1923. During tho
sume period, tho number of workmen
receiving state aid for their support
fell from 4700 to 1300.
Wago Disagreement
Serious conflicts., attended by a
resistance atrike in Austria, marked
thc beglning of last month, when
the demands of the state employees for higher wages, based upon
the prevailing prices of commodities,
were not granted. A deadlock ensued
between thc government and the state
employees, affecting, in all, about
000,000 persons, including dependents.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
New York Styles In
Fall Coats  and Suits
At 'Famous' Prices
WE offer you tho pick of tho Now
Pall Modes, reproduced from ox*
pensive models in our own factory,
and sold to you direct 'From Maker
to Wearer,' at prices amazingly low.
Famous ZfVTL.
623 HASTINOS STREET WEST
This advertisement is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
 ,         British Columbia.  ,
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BARRISTEBS, SOLICITOUS, ETO.
401*408 Mit-.p.UUn Building
837 Huting. St. W. VANCOUVER. B. 0.
T_Up_o_.fi: Stymour 8666 Md 6667
Drugless Healing
Notice
To provo that our SOALl* treatment   will mako 1IAIH GltOW,
wo wUl give
FREE TREATMENT
to a limited number.    Maku your ap*
fointment early. We have succeeded
n every case, except where the cause
waa CONGENITIAL; in these cases
there are no hair bulbs, so that kind
are hopeless. WE LOOK FOR RESULTS AND WE GET THEM.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
We represent the American University
of Sanipractlc, Seattle, Wub,
Ring up Phono Soymour 28M
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suil.'   301   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7;30 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning servico. Wednesday testimonial
moeting, 8 p.m. Freo reading room,
901-909  Birks Bldg.
R. F. Harrison S. A. Ferry
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING 00., LTD.
AMI.ULANOE SERVICE
232 KINGSWAY       VANOOUVER, B. 0.
Phone Falrmone 68
jLJAVK you ever Im.l a irul drink
**■ of Puro Apple Cider during tlie
lost few years?
To meet the desires of many clients.
wo hove introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple cider in pint bottles,
cithor pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple cidor. Theso drinks
nre absolutely pure and froo from all
carbonic acid gus or preservatives of
any nature. Writo or phone your order
today, Highland 90.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Manufacturers
1966 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B, O.
Mainland
Cigar Store
310 OARRALL STREET
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 %   CORDOVA STREET EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
HASTINGS   AND   COLUMBIA   STS.
" 'Tls the heart's voloe alone can
reach the heart."—De Mussett.
THB Invention of the telephone resulted, not from an effort to flnd a means
of communication, but from the deep pity
in the heart of the Inventor for those
without the ability to hoar the human
voice.
The range of the unaided voice is only
a few feot; but the same voico speaking
into the telephone may be heard a mile
or three thousand miles away. The inflections, the accents, the Individuality
are all transmitted faithfully.
The telephone stands ready day or
night to transmit your voloe to relative,
friend, or anyone with whom yon have
need of speech. The telephono is the
universal instrument.
B.   0.  TELEPHONE   OOMPANT
—"LAID  OFF"—
Two Short Words, Bridging tbe Golf Between
COMPORT and POVERTY
H.« jou ptotaeUd toi-hII and j-rar ttaUy «•__•* >u«_ u uurfMir,
wttk t SAVINGS ACCOUNT—tb. moat nhuH. Awl • «__, e__ k». ter
tb. "RAINY DAT."
W. STRONGLY R*.001____ND 700 to .tart aoob u uwut AT ONOI,
at on. of our City BnuebM.
HASTDTOS ud IEYMOUB OM. I. MlirlMa, H_UfK
Oordon ud Abbot. Mala ud IM An. M_la ud Broad*.?
WSBSB TOU WILL RECEIVE PROMPT AHD OOUBTBODI ATTBKIIOH
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If yon are living ln a community not provided with Banking facilities, address na by mall, and we will be glad to guide yon la reapect to "Banking by Hall." BAY August  31,   1923
FIFTEENTH YEAR.    No. 35 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER. B. 0.
PAGE THREE
17 Years'
)ental Practice
in Vancouver
AU my work
Is   backed   up
by a IB-year
Guarantee
in writing.
_   recent  studies  Include
ie most approved methods
performing
Painless Dentistry
id I do. everything possi-
e to ensure your personal
unfort during treatment.,
xtractlons,
rown and Bridges.
Platta,
mtal X-Bay Diagnosis,
orrboea Treatments,
\jfY record of dental service to the public
■"■"■of Vancouver Indicates two things:
That I have accumulated experience
which fully qualifies me to advise and
execute   dependable   work   ln   every
branch of dentistry.
■   That my methods of treatment, the
high character of the work I do, and
my reasonable charges, have consistently satisfied my large and ever-increasing number of patients.
I am ready to estimate upon every form of
dentistry, from a simple extraction to a complete set of teeth.    Call today or phone for
appointment.
DR. BRETT ANDERSON
Formerly Member of the Faculty of the College of Dentistry, University of
South..™   California;   lecturer  on   Crown  and Bridge Work;    demonstrator in Plato Work  and Operative Dentistry,  local and
general anacthesla.
602 Hastings Street West   Phone Sey. 3331
Corner Seymour—Bonk of Nova Scotia Building
Offlce open TueBday and Friday evenings
Vancouver Unions
IOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
incil — President, R. H. Neelands, M.
; genoral secrotary, Porcy R. Bengough.
808, 319 Ponder St, West. Phone 8ey.
Moets in Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
rut and third Tuesdays in month.
ED PRINTING  TRADES COUNCIL—
ets second Monday in the month.    Pre-
,1. R. Whito; secrotary, R. H. Neel*
P. 0. Box 60.     	
RATED   LABOR  PARTS,   Mb   OOR-
Streot     WoBt—Business     meetings
Wednesday   ovoning.     A,   Maclnnis,
_ian;  E. H. Morrison, sec-treas.; Geo.
orison, 1182 Parker Stroot, Vancouver,
corresponding aeeretary.
' district in British Columbia desiring
lation ro securing speakers or the for-
i ol local branches, kindly communicate
provincial Secrotary J. Lyle Tolford,
iirlts Bldg., Vancouvor, B. C. Tele-
Seymour 1332, or Fairmont 4»38.
3RY SALKPMKN, LOCAL 371--Meets
ond Thursday every month, 319 Pendor
Woat. President, J. Brightwell;
lal secretary, 11. A. Bowron, 929—llth
Enst.
NBYM1SN BARBERS' 1NT__RNATI0N-
Union of America—Local 120, Van-
• B. C, moets secoud and fourth Tues-
in each month in Room 313—319 Pen-
treet West. Presidont, C. E. Herrett,
listings Street East; secretary, A. R.
820 Cambie Street.    Shop phone, Sey.
Residence phone, Dong. 2171R.
KNATIONaT ~ l.KUTliKUlIOOD OF
lurmakcrs, Iron Shipbuilders aud Help-
f America. Local 194—Mootings firBt
hird Mondays in each month. Prosi-
. Willis; secretnry, A. Frasor. Oftoo:
108—319 Pendor Stroot West. Offlco
•9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5 p.m.
COFFEE
'In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
LUMBER WORKERS'
NEWS AND VIEWS
mHE editor of the Vancouver Dailyffooled   into   thinking   that   you do
1 World, that exceedingly provincial
journal published in Vancouver, ta
very much perturbed. His anxiety ls
deep and real, for he has discovered
plot. Tes, actually discovered a
deep, dark and sinister plot—a plot
which has its roots in Moscow, and its
tentacles in British Columbia. The
"Hempire" is ln Jeopardy, and not a
single slave-skinning bourgeois Is
safe. The existence of robbery as an
Institution Is threatened, and not a
single bourgeois could live if robbery
was swept into oblivion. We must get
ready to preserve and perpetuate "our
sacred institutions," "our birthright,"
the system of society known as capitalism wherein the employing class
live, move and have their being by
vampire-like sucking the life blood of
their hapless wage-slaves.
In an editorial published ln the
Vancouver World about a week ago,
the world-at-large is Informed that
"No logging camp is without-its coterie of earnest protagonists of this
economic theory." The editor
referring to communism. Probably
he is afraid thai; the "uncivilized loggers" will swoop down some night on.
Vancouver and next morning com
munIsm will be established.
The editorial In question also states
that it is "unfortunate" that the average man learns his first lesson in
economics from some advocate of the
destruction of capitalism. All of
which goes to prove that the only
ones who concern themselves about
the need of explaining the present
system of wealth production to
working man Is the revolutionist. And
know something.
Yes, there are undoubtedly advocates of a new social slstem in all
lumber camps and workshops of this
country. It Is well that that Ib , so.
The hope of overthrowing capitalism
and the inaugration of working- class
rule is the only hope the workers have
to light their way. We will make it
our business to still further spread
and perpetuate that idea so that the
workers may one day evolve upon a
new social plane.
With us of the working class it Ib
not a question of choice but of
necessity. Driven by necessity
must inaugurate a new social system
or perish. The very contradictions
Inherent In capitalist production is
driving It to its final doom. A state
of society which produces the necessities of life upon an international
scale and appropriates these necessities individually contains a contradiction that must inevitably bring about
its downfall. Capitalist economy is
international in its character, It produces commodities for a world market; but the ownership of these commodities remains in the hands of individuals. History shows us various
systems of economy, ranging from the
economy of tho family up to the international economy of capitalism,
Capitalism has made production international, and now communism
must come to make the ownership,
and control of these commodities international. It is a necessity, a social
necessity, not a blind theory hatched
in tho mind of some conspirator. It
| Is to bring about this practical state
LETTERS TO
D
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist. and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.]
there  is a reason  for that.    An ex- | o£ 80ciety that communista are work.
KLAYERS AND MASONS—Ir you need
Mayers or masons for boiler workB,
ir  marble  setters,  phono  Bricklayers
, Labor Templo. ______
■ED, BROTHERHOOD OP CARPEN-
IS and Joiners, Local 452—Presidont,
Hatley; recording secretary, W. Pago;
•ss agent, Wm. Dunn. Office: Room
319 Ponder Stroot WeBt. Meats socond
OUTth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5, 819
r Street Wost,
EMPLOYEES UNION—MeetB flrat
ilrd Fridays In each month, at 148 Cor-
Stroot Wost. President, David Cu thill,
Albort Stroot; secretary-treasurer, Goo.
son, 1182 Parkor Street,
NEBRS— INTERNATIONAL UNION
am and Oporating, Local 844—Meets
Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
lo President, J. Flynn; business agent
nanciat secretary, F. S. Hunt; rocordlng
gry, P. Hodges. t	
"FIREFIGHTERS UNION NO. 18—
slderit, Neil MacDonald,. No. 1 Firehall;
Q. A. Watson, No. 3 Firehall.
fcRAL LABORERS UNION—MEEi'8
ry flrst and third Monday in room 812—
•ender Street Weat. President, J. R-
mme; financial secrotary, A. Padgbim,
Road Post Office, Vancouvor, B.C.,
ing secretary. G.  Tether,  2249-45th
Sast, Vancouver, B. 0.	
L AND RESTAURANT Employeea
n, Local 28—441 Seymour Street.
first and third Wednesdays at 2:80
Second and fonrth Wednesdays at
p.m. Executive board meets every
M__ at 3 p.m. President, W. A. Colmar-
is agent, A. Oraham.   Phone Seymour
ER WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
CANADA—An industrial union of all
s in logging and construction camps.
District and Genoral Headquarters, 81
»   Stroet   West,   Vancouver,   B.   0.
Seymour 7856. J. M. Clarke, general
ry treasurer;   logal   advisers,   Messrs.
Macdonald &  Co., Vancouvor,  B.  0.;
Messrs.  Buttar & Chiene, Vancou-
C.
[NISTS LOCAL 182—Preeldent, Lee
secrotary, J. G. Keefe; business
"P R. Bengough. Office: 809, 819
Street West. Meets in Room 818—-
ender Street West, on first and third
ays In month.
INISTS LOCAL 692—President, Ed.
ion;   secretary,    R.   Hirst;   business
P R. Bongough. Office: 309—819
Street  West.    Meets  in  Room   8—
nder Street Wost, on second and 4th
j.B in month. 	
.Tans     mutual    "wotbotivk
)N Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
Hal). Homer Stroet, second Sunday,
President, Ernest 0. Miller. 991
Street; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
Ison Street; (Inanclal iecretary, W. B.
i,  991   Nelson  Street;   organiser,   F.
, 901 Nelson Streot
IERH90D OF PAINTERS, DECORA;
S and Paperhangers ol America, Local
ancouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Thurs-
t 148 Cordova Streot Wost. Phono,
ilO.    Buainess Agent, H. D. Collard.
DRIVERS,   BRIDGE,   WHARF   AND
Builders, Local No. 2404—-Meets at
iti..a* Street West every Friday, at 8
Jas. Thompson, flnanclal secretary,
RS' UNION OF THE PACIFIC,  185
,va St. West, P. 0. Box 571.  Phone
)8.   Meetings every Monday at 7:80
Pearson, business agent.
tATED SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
Meeting nights, first Tuosday and 8rd
o( each month at headquarters, 818
_ Streot West. President, D. Glllea*
Ice-president, John Johnson; secretary
■er, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cop
treet West. Branch agent's address:
orral),   576 Johnson  Street, Victoria,
f AND  ELECTRIO RAILWAY   EAI'
os, Plnnoor Division, No. 101—Meets
/Hall, Eighth and Kingsway,   1st and
mdaya at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m.   Pre-
F.   A.   Hoover,   2409  Clarke  Drive;
ng secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th
aat;   treasurer, A F. Andrew j   flnan-
iratary and business agent, W. H. Cot-
fee—17th Ave. W.   Offlco, oornor Prior
lain Stroota.    Phono Fairmont 4504Y
MfMEN     TAILORS'     UHIUN     OF
ilea,   Local   No.   178—Meetings   held
■onday in eaoh month, 8 p.m.    rreal-
L    R.   Gatenby;   vice-president,   Mrs.
■recording secretary, C. McDonald, P.
T 508; flnanclal secretary, P. MoNeish,
Box 606. _ .
JrY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO SO;
■Russia—Vancouver branch meets first
Ird Sundays eseh month, 2 p.m., at 61
_ Streot West, Fnr information write
lich secretary, 8. T. A. 8. R, 61 Cor-
■treet West, Vancouver, B. C.
Help tho  Children
Tho locnl committee of thc Friends
of Soviot Russia are making an ap-
poal to the workers of "Vancouver.
The need for the support of orphans'
homes from the workers of the world
is imperative owing to tho stress of
economic reconstruction of the Russian Republic. The appeal of Children in any part of tho world means
a call from children of the working
elass who are suffering extreme poverty on tho one hand and extreme
wealth on the other being controlled
by a class, forcing oppression on the
working: class who havo no control
of tho distribution of tho wealth they
produce. To help these orphans In
Itussia the local committee will hold
an ice cream social and whist' drive
Labor Day, Monday, Sept. 3rd,
from 9 to 12 p.m. in the W. P. Hall
303 % Pender street west, so come
along and have a good time at the
same time help the orphan homes
In Russia. P. Floyd,
Secretary   F.S.R.
National School
of Music
Principal,
ARTHUR J. FOXALL
L.L.C.M., London, Eng.
Voice-Production, Piano-
\   forte, Singing
A School ot Music founded on the
principles of the European Studios,
combined with the most progressive
ideas of the American Continent.
As will bo remembered by the thousands who witnessed Mr. Foxnll's
studoiits in the operas "Faust" and
"Marilana," opportunities aro given
students to gain stago dsportment and
the experience so nouessnry to become
successful art iM.*. hy operatic productions and occasional recitals. It has
been decided to grant these advantages to students uf the school again
this season, and in the near future tbe
opera "II Trovatore" will he produced. Intending students should make
an appointment as auon as possible If
they wish to take part In this brilliant opera.
Studios are conveniently situated one
and a half blocks west of Granville
on Pendor Street.
Students prepared for any examination if they so desire.
For appointment
Phona Seymour 6297
Studios 821 Pender Street Wtst
Best $2.50
GLASSES ON EARTH
COMPLETE WITH
OUR SCIENTIFIC
EXAMINATIONS
Glasses not prescribed unless absolutely necessary. Examinations
made by graduate Eyesight Specialists, Satisfaction guaranteed.
We grind our own lenses. Lenses
duplicated by mall.
Brown Optical
House
De   sure   of   the   address—Above
Woolworth's Store, near
Granville.
Suite 36, Davis Chambers,
616 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Phone Sey. 1071
planation of capitalism Is a weapon
in the hands of a revolutionist, but
an explanation of capitalism means
death to the capitalist.
We are also told in this article that
communism has failed many* times.
The editorial states: "Multitudes of
examples of such failures crowd the
pages of history." Where!, Oh,
where! Mr. World Editor? It really
does seem that your ignorance of history surpasses in extent your wonder-
oub imagination, and, that is going
some. Only in one country in tho
world, in modern times, has communism been tried, and that is the only
country in the world whore men and
women are free; that is in the country which protagonists of capitalism,
like yourself, have tried to vilify and
drown in a welter of working class
blood—Soviet Russia, the hope of tho
world's workers.
Does your knowledge of history include a knowledge of the battle fought
by the peasantry of the Highlands ol
Scotland agninst the last vestiges of
communal society being takon away
from them by the rising British bourgeoisie? If so, did you ever stop to
think whether theso people would
have struggled so valiantly for the
perpetuation of a social system that
worked to their detriment? But then
wo know that no one could ever accuse you of a knowledge of inductive
logic, lou do not not require that
knowledge to enable you to read horoscopes daily. No, you would be well
advised to leave history alone. If you
do  not  mention   it,   people  may  be
ing and striving for, and will continue
to work and strive for in spite of the
ignorant yelping of bourgeois minded
editors and the attacks of employers
who live in luxury through the degradation of the working class.
J.M.C.
Drug Addiction a Disease
Dr. Clyde L. Eddy, vice-president of
the America Pharmaceutical Association, estimates that there are not
less than one million drug addicts In
the United States. Then as a ratio to
this number there would be about
sixty  thousand   in  Canada.
The user of opium is the victim of
acute poison whose symptoms do not
appear until his drug Is taken away
from him. Then he may suffer racking
torture and maybe die, the only thing
that will relieve him is some moro of
the poison. Dopo fiends do not, as a
rule, indulge for pleasure, but to save
themselves from torture. Theso facts
must change the viewpoint as held by
the  average   person.
Dr. Eddy charges that not more
than half of tho physicians realize
that drug addiction is a disease, and
says that the theory that it is a "vice"
is largely taught In the schools of
medicine. Most of the addicts on this
continent, Dr. Eddy believes, became
so innocently—many having opium in
some form .prescribed by their own
medical man. Opiate addiction Is a
diseaso and a very terrible one, from
which untold millions suffer throughout the world.
What Is Brewing in Germany?
HIUPHIOAL DNION, No. 226—Prosi-
B. P. Pettlpfoco: vico-presldent J.
hn; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee-
fp 0 Box 66. Meets last Snnday of
Tnonth at 2 p.m. In Labor Hall,   819
• Btreet West. 	
„|?t.OUVER THEATRICAL FEDER-
_..N—-Meots at 1)91 Nel«n -Itreet, at 11
|n the Tnesday preceding the 1st Sun-
If the month.   Preildent, E. A. Jamle
son, 991 Nelson St.; Secretary, 0. H. Williams, 991 Nolson St ; Business Agent, F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.
WORKERS' PARTY OF CANADA—303 H
Ponder Streot West. Business meetings
every 1st and 3rd Wednesday overy month.
M. CarpendaJo, torresponding secretary; G.
Tether, flnanclal secretary; ,1, Halliday,
brench organiser.
PRINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION, No. 413—President, S. D. Macdonald, secretary*treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. O. Box 6S9. Meets last Thursday of each
montk.
[By A. Thalheimer]
"We are dancing on a volcano,
and we are faced by a revolution,
If we cannot   .   .   .   reconcile the
antagonisms."
fpHBSEt words were spoken some
1 days ago by Mr, Stresemann, leader of the German People's Party, in
an address to the central committee
of this party.
Every one In Germany feels that we
are ou the eve of a decisive combat
between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Every one knows that the
leaders of the Fascist movement in
Germany are feverishly arming for
the civil war against the working
class. Every one knows that Luden-
dorf and Hitler are heading this movemont, that numerous offlcors of the
national defence army are closely allied with them, and are co-operating
with them In preparing to deliver the
stroke.. The plans formed have been
changed frequently. But there are innumerable reports, mutually confirming ono another, which go to show that
the moment Is really Imminent. The
lines of procedure are also clearly
laid down. The Fascist plans calculate on the impending inevitable defeat of the German bourgeoisie at the
hands of Poincare and the other Im
porialist robbers. They are taking ad
vantage of the cowardly behavior of
Cuno's government, and the failure
of the other bourgeois parties and of
the Social Democrats to make good in
the national struggle of self-defence.
They rely upon the discontent of the
starving petty bourgeoisie and Intelll-
genzia, who sympathized with Social
Democracy and Socialism in the flrst
phase of the Gorman revolution, and
are now severely disappointed. Thoy
utilize the hopelessness of tho broad
strata of the working class, rendered
indifferent or despairing by continued
treachery of the Social Democrats.
And for what purposo do they want
to utilize all this? For the purpose
of waging war on the working class
under cover of national defence
against the Ruhr invasion and the
shameful treachery of the Versailles
treaty, and for the purpose of establishing the dictatorship of Fascism.
This dictatorship ls to carry out the
programme of the great lndstrlalists;
to shatter the Labor organizations, to
sweep away every barrier to capitalist
'exploitation, to establish the ten-hour
working day, and to transfer all state
undertakings into the hands of private
capital.
Perhaps the proclamation of the
Rhenish republic, which is being feverishly prepared by the hirelings of
Poincare, despite all denials, will set
the avalanche rolling. Perhaps some
other event,
Nobody can be any longer deceived
as to the seriousness of the position.
The Fascisti, by themselves, would be
insignificant. But they have military
support in tho national defence army.
All sections of the bourgeoisie are
ready to bow to them; for all are
awatto that once the struggle breaks
out, it is a question of tho dictatorship of Fascism or the dictatorship
of the proletariat. Social Democracy
aa a party Is not feared. It is incapable of fight. Its leaders will either
make a cowardly retreat or submit.
The sole real power which, at tho
head of the proletarian masses, can
and will tako up the flght against
them, is the Communist Party.
Our party Is putting forth the utmost energy to render the working
class capable of battle and victory.
During the recont weeks and months
it has gained groat sympathy and confidence, rand won many readers and
members. The party, down to tho
last member, is filled with the determination to meet the Fascist coup
with the utmost force and determination, tl Is carrying on a broad mass
propaganda, in order to prepare the
workers, employoes and lower officials of a determined defence against
the Fascisti, nnd to neutralize or partially win over the petty bourgeoisie.
The struggle will be severe. It will
decide the fate of the European labor
movement for the next few yoars.
The decision will also be of the
greatest Importance for iho French
working class.
The French working class can alleviate the strugglo of the German
working class, if it will lake up with
redoubled energy the fight against tho
annexation plans of polnctire, and
against thc plans of the Comite des
Forges for the plundering of the German working class: lf it will increase
Its propaganda among the occupation
army and its work of enlightenment
among the peasantry.
Monarch Mine
Editor,   B.   C.   Federatlonist:   The
Saskatoon Star of August 7th, 1923,
contained   a   press   dispatch    from
Drumheller to the  effect   that   the
Monarch Mine In the Drumheller Valley was being closed because of differences between the mine operators
and the miners.   Obviously the above
was an Implied threat that the operators would at all times Vlose down
the mines if the workers would insist
upon   forcing   Impossible   conditions
upon the owners which would make
impossible the successful operation of
any of the workings.    The workers
are not to stand shoulder to shoulder
with the activists ln the unionB.   They
are not to line up in support of their
common demands which will at the
best   merely allow  the   miners  and
their families to live.   They are not
to make  those  demands  which  decrease the profits of the operators.
Therefore,   tho    Star   of   Saskatoon
would have the workers desert their
comrades and go back to work, and
forget  tho  sufferings  of those who
have been blacklisted because of their
activities.    But, there are other facts
to be taken into consideration.    The
coal operators do not go Into business
for pleasure.   As in any other industry, dollars and conts are the incen
tive behind their activity.   In the case
of the Monarch Mine, the guiding spirit in the venture,  Miss Howland,  of
course with the support of the com
pany, spent $50,000. putting the mine
in good enough shape to work it. The
men   who   had   been   previously   em
ployed were around the camp waiting
for it to opon again.   So there was no
shortage of man-power.   Then it was
that our captains of industry discovered that someone had pulled a 'bone'
as   the   sporting   gentlemen   have   it.
The history of the affair dates back
to   1918   when  the North American
Co.   (N.   A.  C.)   leased  the  Monarch
mine from tho Red Deer Valley company, the president of the latter company being the father of Miss How-
land mentioned above.   The Red Deer
had    been    oporating   the    Monarch
mine  under what is  known as the
Howland loose, the workings running
sauth, west and east.  But In 1922, the
southern and western workings were
abandoned because of "bone" in the
coal.   Now left with the east working
only,   the   company  found   that  they
had  gone as far as the  leaso would
permit, in spite of the fact, that they
had   six   feet   of   beautifully   clean
coal ahead.   This seam had figured in
a  court ease  between   the  two  com*
panies, the decision being in favor ol
tho   North   American   Company   who
were declared to have rights under a
lease   granted   by  tho   Hudson's   Bay
people.   Having played out the Howland  lease, the N.A.C. commenced to
operate under the Hudson's Bay lease
paying a royalty to this company and
also to the Red Deer for the use of
the  equipment  for each  ton  of coal
mined above a stated tonnage.    This
proving too expensive, a new agreement was filed providing for the payment tb the Red Deer of a fiat rate
for the use of the machinery already
Installed.    Thfs was late in 1921, the
agreement again proving unsatisfactory to the N.A.C, who then started
to remove the pumps and allowed thi
mine to become flooded in face of the
natural protests of the other company
who refitted the pumps and drained
tho mine again.    It was the intention
of the N.A.C. people to forget the obsolete plant that was proving so ex
pensive to them and to evade the pay
ments  required   undor  the   terms  of
the agreement.    Then they would set
up an up-to-dato tipple on the Hud
son's Bay property, forget the old one
whieh   required   half  as   many   men
again   to   handle,  and   go  after  that
nice six foot vein of clean coal.    But
with the possibility of a cancellation
of  their frase  by  the  Hudson's  Bay
in favor of the  rival company, they
are in Queer stroet.   They find that a
August Furniture
SALE
NOW ON
OFFERING MANY LINES OF
DINING, BEDROOM, KITCHEN AND LIVING-
ROOM FURNITURE
At Savings from 20 to 60%
BUY NOW-YOU SAVE
Our easy payment plan enables you to have use of
the Furniture while paying for it.
Hudson's Bay Company
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
blunder was made when they spent
all their good capital making preparations when the leases at their command will not allow them to operate,
So, like the thelf of old, they cry
"Wolf". To the public they hide their
own inefficient financing by putting
up the straw man of organized labor
for the pleasure of knocking him
down. And when winter comes, the
Canadian people will experience
another shortage. As the Item in the
western paper would lead them to be-
Ielve, it was organized labor who were
responsible for the closing down of
the min© mentioned. But no agreement was made with the United Mine
Workers. The committees of the men
had not been met. The mine was
closed because of the squabble between the rival companies and the
impossibility to work and pay from
the profits of the coal dug the many
demands made upon organized cap-
lit nl. Fraternally yours, ( Signed.)
Lewis   McDonald
Secretary Monarch Local Union,
No. 1559, United Mine Workers of
America.
Monarch, August  27,  1923.
CORPORATION OF POINT GREY
TENDERS   FOR   CONCRETE   SIDEWALKS
AND CURBING
rPHK Council is p
**   by   5   p.m,  of
pn-paroil to receive lenders
p.m. of 'I uesday, September 4th
next, fnr laying concrete sidewalks and curbs
on certain streets of tin* Municipality accord'
ing to plant., t.pi-t-1-lcatiun.. and particulars
which may b« obtained from the Municlpnl
Engineer,
A depOKit  of   10  per cent,  or tin-  amount
tendered Ih required,
HENRY FLOYD,
C. M. C
Municipal Hal], Aug. 24, 1923.
Timber Used Too Fast
A recent Otawa despatch says that
timber in tho United States is used
four or five times as fast as it grows,
Colonel H. S. Graves, director of the
Yale forest school, told a forestry
conferonco hero. Ho pointed out thnt
although three-quarters of tho original soft wood forests have beon cut
down, tho United Statos still has a
supply second only to that of Russia.
Giaco Bay, N. S., miners will hold
a big Lobor Day celebration.
Free
Chiropractic
Clinic
A Success
A GREAT deal of interest is being
manifested in tho Freo Chiropractic Clinic which is being -.(inducted by
Dr. J. I. Gorosh. This clinic, which
is for non-contagious diseases, is free
lo all who aru not in a position financially to pay for. necessary treatments.
It Ib aomethlng in the naturo of an innovation, and was inaugurated by Dr.
Goroeh In tho belief that no one
should ho doprivod of skilful treatment through inability to pay. The
clinic at once becamo popular, and
every morning sees a number of patients waiting to tnko advantage of
his magnanimous offer. One special
feature of tho office, which is at 902-
0!t Dominion Building, 207 Hastings
West, Is painless spinal adjustment,
following tho trend of tbo most modern treatment in tho chiropractic
Held* The Froo Clinic, is hold overy
morning from 8:30 to 9:30, except
Sunday. The regular offlco hours aro
from 10 to 12 and 1 to 5:30 p.m.
Appointments can bo secured by calling Seymour 4871.
After-Eating   Distress
And all forms of stomach trouble, such as
gas, pains, acid, sour, burning stomach are
all relieved In two minutes by taking
JO-TO
Jo-To sold by all Druggists.
IS IT WORTH WHILE
Keeping timber for B. C. Industries?
Keeping alive a prosperous payroll?
Keeping fur and feather in B. C?
Keeping timber for manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
Then-
Prevent Forest Fires
IT PAYS
Accept No Substitute
BEER
Can't Be Beat
Buy Britannia—You Benefit
You buy Britannia Beer because it tastes better—a good
reason indeed—but here is another good reason why you should
buy Britannia—
YOUR MONEY STAYS IN B. C.
FOR SALE IIV _____ GOVERNMENT VENDORS PAGE POUR
FIFTEENTH YEAR.    No. 3
5 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. a
FRIDAY August   31,
THE PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
—ANNOUNCE
Special Feature
AT VANCOUVER'S PREMIER RESORT
Horseshoe Bay
The 29th Battalion
Brass Band
under, the direction of Bandmaster E. Cox, will give a selected programme on
September Srd.
Labor Day
AT THIS PICTURESQUE SPOT
Open Air Dancing, Shoot the
Chute, Bathing, Boating and
Fishing May Be Indulged In
Return Fare from Vuneouver to Wliytccliff I'or liorseshoe Bay
ADULTS, 70c (Good day of issue only) CHILDREN, 40c
The train schedule (or Sunday aud. Monday is as follows:
Leave North Vancouver for all points to WliytecUft for Horseshoe Bay, 8:40
a.m., aud theu 30 minutes past each hour till 8:30 p.m.    Leave Whyteeliff for
all points to North Vancouver 26 minutes past each hour from 9:25 a.m. till
9:25 p.m.
Purchase tickets at 122 Hastings Streot West,
Columbia Avenue.
Perry Wharf,  foot  of
Time  Tablo  and  information  may  Ire  obtained  nt I'lissonger  DoQurtmont,   122
HaBtings  Street  West,  Scyrtmur 9331,  and P.  G.  E. Depot,  North  Vancouvor.
Phone North Van. 300.
_mm,
THREE SAILINGS
EACH WEEK
VANCOUVER
—TO—
PRINCE RUPERT
Monday
Wednesday la*°°
Midnight
POWELL RIVER
Mon., Bat.
OCEAN FALLS
Mon., Wed., Sat.
SWANSON BAY
Wed., Sat.
STEWART
Wed.
ANYOX
Mon,
QUEEN
CHARLOTTE ILS.
Wed.., June 6th, 8:00 p.m.
and Fortnightly thereafter.
Tourist and Travel Bureau
.'>_. Oranvllle Street
rro those living in outside
points ol' li. 0., and flnd it
dlllH'ult to get what you want,
just drop us a line. It will bc a
pleasure to try und help ym..
Goods from this store are shfp-
|M*d to ull parts of B. O.
Children's Whito Running Boots, 8
to 10% i rof. *1._0     45c
Girls' White Running Boots, 11 to 2;
regular $_.__, at     60c
Women's Whito Running BootB, 2%
to 7: regular $1.75     60o
Boys' White Running Boots, solid
rubber heel and sole, 1 to 5; regit*
lar $2.15, at     75c
Men's Klinki Pants....$1.96 and $2.26
What' about  Gum  Boots   and  OU
Olothing.   Write us—we will be glad
to quote prices.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
11313 MAIN STREET
(Between 7th and 8th Avenues)
Phone Fairmont  18511
VISIT
"HAPPYLAND"
HASTINOS PABK
Leap the Dips
Merry-Go-Bound
Old Mill
Erery afternoon ud molar
Adult* 10c; Children fie.
DANCING
Wednesdaya tnd Saturdays
0 p.m. to 12 p.m.
Flnut  ptvillou   on   the   Pacific
Coast.
Take Hastlnga Eaat car, No. 8,
or Powell St. car, No. 12, to the
grounds.
Light refreshment! at pavilion.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
t      346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
This advertisement 1*
,not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the
Government of British
Columbia.
WOULD OUST     THE UNITED MINERS OPPOSE PRISON
Returned Men Lose Hard
Earned Savings in
Bank Smash
Cables from Milan advise that
big protest meeting against the Board
of Directors of the National Veterans
Bank, which failed a few weeks afeo,
waa held hy crippled wai- heroes whose
savings wert lost in the crash. The
failure had its echo in New York,
Paris and other cities where branches
of the bank were in existence.
This open protest, according to the
anti-Fascist Alliance of North America, is significant politically. The
board of directors, it happens, is com-
posed almost entirely of Fascista
leaders, including the King of Italy,
Dictator Mussollna and prominent
black shirt deputies. Tho meeting
was, therefore, in a sense directed
against the govornment.
Milan Is only one of the centres
whore largo numbers of ex-soldiers
lost their hard-earned savings, which
they had entrusted to the bank because of the prestige of Its leaders.
It may reasonably be expected that
the -protest gathering is only the first
of a series.
Strike Affects
Coughlan Ships
(Continued from page 1)
breakers as the men who are taking
the strikers' places are mostly inefficient men. The officers on the City
of Victoria have decided not to sail
With strike-breakers. If the officers
on the C.G.M.MJ vessels would show
the same spirit as these officers a
settlement could be arrived at easily.
The Canadian Government Merchant Marine have not had to advertise in other publications than those
in Vancouver. A large advertisement
is now running in the Morning Albertan, Calgary, for marine firemen and
sailors to write or call at room 105,
C.N.R. station,   Vancouver,  B.C.
It is reported that on one of the C.
G.M.M. vessels that has heen loading
at ports on the Island, that the engt
neers had to fire the ship owing to
the Inefficiency of the firemen <
gaged, these engineers thereby assisting the strike-breakers to fulfil their
duties. These engineers are members
of the Marine Engineers association
This information was given by one
of the strike-breakers who whb much
surprised at the deplorable conditions
existing on these vessels.—Com.
INDIGESTION
Relieved In two mlnatea with
JO-TO
Gas, acid, sour, burning stomach all quickly
relieved with JO-TO.   Drag Starts.
HORSE
Racing!
Hastings Park
SECOND SUMMER
RACE [MEETING
Today, Saturday
and Monday
Further Informntion Apply
WESTMINSTER
THOROUGHBRED ASSOCIATION
Phone Sey. 2309
3*16 Hastings Street East
Seven Running
Races Daily
Rain  or|j Shine
Statement Issued by Executive Board of the
U. M. W. of A.
Committed  to  Recognized
Trade Union Principes
—Its Growth
The United Mine Workors of America, through its executive board, recently issued a statement warning
the union miners against radical loadors and radical movements. The timo
has come, the miner's officials declare, for an assertion of leadership
which will fight tlie "reds" within tlie
union and present a solid front to
those wltliout who seek a weak place
In the line. Part of the official circular sent out by the miners executivo
board  reads as follows:
"The material accomplishments of
the United Mine Workers, committed
as it is to recognized trade union principles, commend it as an organization
to the minds of thoughtful men, nnd
its marvelous growth and expansion
In influence is a tribute to its founders and Its members who have governed and regulated its affairs.
"In virtue of these facts, it is therefore, entirely proper that the United
Mine Workers should give attention
to the latest of the adversaries which
has issued a challenge to its integrity.
This band of self-styled industrial
crusaders have classified themselves
under the high-sounding title of the
Progressive International Committee
of the United Mine Workers of America. These men, without warrant for
their acts, have undertaken from time
to time to meet in secret conclave and
there, amid the enthusiam which always prevails in tho adoption of resolutions, have highly resolved to assume control of the United Mine
Workers and thenceforth direct its
affnirs along lines conceived by their
deranged mental faculties.
"Crowding for position in the front
ranks of these doughty warriors appear many faces known of yore as
enemies of the American Federation
of Labor and its allied international
unions.
"At* a recent conference held in
Pittsburgh, Pa., assembled under the
call from this aggregation, appeared
William Z. Foster, the moving spirit
and counselor of the 'Trades Union
Educational League,' known and recognized as an adjunct of the Communist party In America. From the
prolific mind and the facile pen of
Foster came the various resolutions
antagonistic to the United Mine Workers and the American labor movement which were adopted at the Pittsburgh meeting of these irreconell-
ables. Cheek by Jowl with Foster appeared one Howat, an expelled member of the United Mine WorkerB, and
responsible for a trail of misery and
confusion following in the wake of his
unhappy career. Associated with this
group ls also one Merrick, for some
time an Inmate of a penitentiary ln
the state of Pennsylvania. Listed
among the faithful Is the name of
Caleb Harrison, for many years an
organizer of the Industrial Workers
of the World; J. A. Hamilton a renegade schoolteacher without trade union affiliations; Joseph Manley, son-
in-law of Foster, and many others
of their Ilk. These individuals, with
ample funds coming through Communist channels from foreign shores,
are undertaking a campaign of vilification and misrepresentation of reputable leaders of the organization and
the esthlished tribunals of the union
for the purpose of undermining the
confidence of its members and setting
up their own dictatorship within its
ranks."
FROM   TRAIL,   B.C.
Trail B. C, will build a fire hall by
day labor and hire a foreman to superintend the work.
Labor Dny will be celebrated In
grand style. A tournament nnd bare
ball game for women will be on the
programme. A day of Joy for the
Kiddies will also be a feature. ,1
McKinnon, chairman, and E, H. Freeman,   secrotary.
Consolidated company's Hmelter received 5,186 tons of ore last week.
For the year. 2A2.H07 tons.
Corporation of Point Grey
PHONE KERRISDALE 91
TAX SALE
To Be Held in Council Chambers
MUNICIPAL HALL, KERRISDALE, B. C.
On Tuesday, September 4, 1923
at 10 a.m.
Costs can be avoided by immediate payment of
arrears.
For list of properties to be offered, send stamped
addressed envelope.
W. A. SHEPPARD, Collector.
Retail Merchants Take Action After Long
Wait
New Tork, Aug. 11,—Retail merchants are finally aroused to the menace of prison-made clothing. Officers
of the associated dress industries of
America say these merchants have
pledged their support to a nation-wide
campaign for the elimination from
public markets of convict-made goods.
A questionaire, sent out by this
organization brought complaints
against what was declared "an unfair
and unjust competition."
Officers of the organizntion are
hopeful that the merchants will all
agree to ceaso buying these goods,
but identification Is one of the chief
problems, it is stnted, sinco retailers
often sell such articles without knowing.
Navy Serge Suit-
Special $27.50
Made from a splendid quality English botany serg.
in conservative and D. B. models. This is a beaut
ful suit at a very low price.
Extra pants if desired.'
C. D. BRUCE
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
PRINTING AS AN ART
Professor   Keith   Broadcasts   an   Address to tlie Public
By Radio
Recently Prof. B. T. Keith, of the
Kansas State Agricultural College, in
an address broadcast by the radio of
the Kansas City Star, urged the public to consider the mechanical side of
reading material. He believes tho
reader should observe the artistic side
of printing when he takes up his daily
newspaper, opens his mail and finds
an advertising circular, catalogue or
other piece of printed matter, .and
think of this printing as moro than
so much paper and ink. Professor
Keith says for those who get beauty
from the common things of life thero
is a constant source of intorest in
printed matorial, This is true because thero is art in typography. A
good piece of printing is more than a
more mechanical vehicle for the carrying of an advertising mesage or the
recording of human findings. It Is
nn artistic creation worked out by human devices. The speaker declared
It is wrong to judge the typography of
an ad or a job of printing by whether
it grips a reader's attention. It is
the easiest thing in the world to attract attention, but It takes a real
typographer to creato a piece of printing that will arouse a favorable response in feeling or action in those
who see  it.
Vancouver Labor Defence Committee
To the trades unionists of Vancouver district: The local committee for
the defense of the striking minors and
steel workers of Nova Scotia request
your earnest attention on this matter.
The official appeal and collection lists
are ln the hands of the secretary,
and will be forwarded to every local
union. If you have not nominated
your delegate to the local committee,
see that it ls done at your next business meeting. To date, there are 100
of your fellow workers arrested in the
Nova Scotia district. This fact needs
no elaboration on my part to convince
you that money is needed to defend
them in the courts.    Vancouver has
never been backward in digging down
for a worthy cause. Don't let us fall
the Nova Scotia strikers at this time,
Let us bo real union men and givo
them our whole-hearted support in
this their time of need, Several
unions, including the Brotherhood of
Carpenters Hotel and Restaurant Employees, Japanese Workers Union of
Canada, I. W. W., and Civic Employees have already forwarded donations direct to Hugh A. McMullan, P.
O. Box 397, Glaco Bay, Nova Scotia.
Other donations may bo sent to J,
Halliday, chairman of the local defence committee 01 Cordova street
west, who will sge that it is forwarded
to Nova Scotia. P. Floyd,
Secretary pro tem.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Pasg The Federatlonist alon*
help get new subscribers.
WILLIAM TEL
CIGARS
UNION-MADE
BEST on the MARKE
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
- TO PARTICULAR MEN
31
1383
STORRY & McPHERSON
Upstairs at 653 GRANVILLE STREET
T
A
I
L
O
R
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plum
Ornamental nnd Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Haatinga Street East        2—STORES—2        655 Granville Stre
Sey. .88-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9513-131
UNION STEAMSHIP COMPANY of B.C. Lt
Fourteen Passenger and Freight Steamers at your service.
Calling at all Northern II. O, Ooaat Points, Lumber and Mining Can.
Canneries aad Pulp and Paper Mills,
PRINCE RUPERT, ANYOX and STEWART
For further particulars apply:
HEAD OFFICES: UNION DOCK, Ft. OARRALL STREE'
Phone Sey. 306
Why the B. C. Federationist Hits;
the Bull's Eye Every Week
The B. 0. Federationist is the Official Paper of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Oounoil.
Prints more local Labor news than any other paper in Canada.
Ooes to press promptly every Friday morning and never disappoints
its readers.
Keeps the workers informed of what is going on in the various organizations. Furnishes information of value that never appears in the daily
papers.
Tells the good things about Unions and members.
Looks upon the optimistic side and lets the hammer rust.
Keeps British Columbia Labor on the map by being one of the most
widely quoted Labor papers published.
Presents Labor's side of industrial and political issues in their true light,
and wins friends for Labor.
Gives results to advertisers, because it goes into homes of the best paid
class of workers, and is acoepted as a guide by Trades Unionist purchasers.
You must have the Federationist in the home eaoh week to keep in touch
with the Oity, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2,50 per year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body,
16c per member per month.
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender Street West, VANCOUVER, B. C.

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