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British Columbia Federationist Apr 4, 1924

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Array APfi   6 JJtt4
RITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
DUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
a a POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
HXTEENTH YEAR.  No. 14
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 4, 1924
5c A COPY
SECRETARY'S REPORT
|tork-day Too Long at Mental
Hospital Is Claim Blade
For Nurses
^-[issued to Subscribers of the Crippled
%*0s       Children's Aid Fund, show-
\.l&\ ,   lug a Balance
^Mrs. H. L. Bnyley, secretary of the
. oled Children's Aid, haB issued a
le. . *>y report to the subscribers of
th# jA. Besides giving the patients
**"" v ^!>vflts of highly-specialized sur-
:&_   - ■"      ■
llSCUSS LABOR NEWSPAPER
i Ask That Plebiscite Be Placed
Before People for One-
ward System
[ the absence of President Neelands,
I Delegate Macdonald occupied the
air at the regular meeting of Van-
uver Trades and Labor council, held
local labor headquarters on Tues-
!y evening.
Secretary Bengough read the minus of previous meeting, which were
proved.
Credentials were presented on belt of C, Oxenbury, of the Mental
)spital Attendants; and' of W. G.
Iribbons, D. Cuthlll, Jas. White, J.
^Ritchie, Geo. Harrison, A. R. Snow-
11, for the Vancouver Civic Em-
?yeos union, No. 28.
A letter from Edmonton Trades and
.bor council, protesting against the
actment of legislation making oleo-
irgarine an artlcl eof dally diet
long the working classes, and ask-
; that a letter of protest be sent to
Ipresentatives at  Ottawa, was pro-
ctive of much argument.
One delegate held that it was sim-
a case where the dairy interests
fighting   the   manufacture   of
[tomargarlne,   so   that   they   could
* up the price of butter.   The let-
• was finally flled.
cablegram to R. H. Gale, re tha
brk on Splller's elevator, sent by the
fcretary, was endorsed. The wire
pd: "Has provision been made for
compulsory payment of standard
|e of wages on Spillers elevator?"
. letter from Hon. Ernest Lapointe,
■n later of justice, Ottawa, waa read,
pnowledgtng receipt of a resolution
ades and Labor council, to the
|ect    that    the    council    protested
Unat any amendments to the Cri-
al Code making peaceful picket-
Illegal, or against any additional
halation making any organisation of
jrkers Illegal.    The letter waa or-
flA filed,
slegate   Gibson,   for   the   Mental
pltftl Attendants, reported the loss
[several members through the claim
| the authorities that the Institution
overstaffed; for this reason they
their president, Who had to re-
Iii in consequence. There was some
^understanding, he said, as to the
its   werked   by   attendants.     The
|;rs of male attendants were satis-
tory; it was the female nursing
ft who were working abnormally
g hours, running to as high as 16
Irs a day. An Interview had been
anged  with  David  Whiteside,   M.
I A., whom they considered the only
are-shooter lh the provincial legls-
Mr. Whiteside had taken the
|tter  up  with  Hon.  Dr.   MacLean,
i the latter had said things would
te to stay as they are.
acretary Bengough said that Dele-
Neelands Intended to bring this
Iter before the house as soon as it
\ ln session.
lelegate Thomson, of the Ptledriv-
} local, spoke as to conditions on
|j* being done by the Vancouver
commissioners on some of
Ich jobs the fair-wage clause was
L being observed. There were no
(than three jobs In which his local
» directly interested, coming under
|f category, and he moved that the
ary wire or otherwise get in
lh with the fair-wage officer and
| him to give the matter his lmme-
attentlon,   Carried.
I slegate Pettlhtece, Urging the
Ita of the one-ward system lh city
irnment, asked the meeting to
e a committee to wait upon the
council and ask them to submit a
Iscite to the electorate at the time
bylaws are voted upon. Dele-
; Pettipiece Instanced lack of La-
support ln the present civic coun-
F.id outlined just what this meant
ie workers when there arose any
Hon of economy—a revision of
's from the ground floor up, In-
of beginning with those who
■ receiving the big salaries.
\xo appointment of a committee
*ft iii the hands of the president
^secretary.
_____   secretary   was  instructed   to
[\ Pfeihler ttlfl*,  drawing his at-
on ifl the tie-up In $ rain trade on
local waterfront, whereby rainy
w*re foroed but of Work, and
jig hts assistance in straightening
fthfe troifcble.
W-i-o waft no' response to the call
, report of the committee on the
, paper, although several of the
nlttee were present..
[.legate   Jamleson,   of   the   Musl-
, started the ball rolling when he
the chairman for Information
the policy and management of
btoposed sheet.    Delegate Jamie-
(while disclaiming any Intention
gumming up the works," wished
now the  policy of the editorial
[and the management, who they
; to be, whether any definite ar-
|ement had been made with them,
j! salaries they were to receive—In
he simply wished Information
} whether things were being done
j' business basis, or otherwise,
le chairman being completely at
fthe secretary came to his rescue
(Continued on page 4)
the ,
glcal , o?X the committee has been
obits litv 'jveral cases to Bupply the
necessary surgical appliances to further add to their comfort and support. Thanks are tendered to the
contributors whose generosity alone
made the work possible. The greater
part of the money has gone to directly beneflt the patients. The administrative work has been conducted entirely on a voluntary basis. The details of 20 deserving caseB are also
given, involving 14 operations. The
receipts, as at January 31, were
$1303.92, expenditures being $898.70,
leaving a balance of $410.22. Mrs.
Barber is president, and Mrs. McLachlan, of Victoria, ex-ofllcio president.
Against Expenditure of $600,000
for Completion of Tower on
Parliament Buildings
PEOPLE  WANT  ECONOMIES
Amount of Money It Takes to Do
Oovernment Work Most
Atrocious and Silly
T 7NDER the heading of "Public
Works, Chargeable to Capital,"
1600,000 has recently been voted to be
oxpended almost entirely for the completion of the tower of the parliament buildings, with itB memorial
chamber. During tbe discussion, J.
8, Woodsworth moved In amendment,
that the item be struck out. MIbs .MacPhail, in seconding this amendment,
Bald: "I want to say one word In
support of the motion to strike out the
whole item of $600,000. I am against
the .principle of a memorial chamber.
I know that is not a popular attitude
to take, nevertheless that ls my view.
I think we have too many stone memorials throughout this country, and
not enough sympathy in the hearts of
the people for the wrecked humanity
that Is the living memorial of the late
war. If this money were spent In
helping the soldiers and their dependents; If the Pensions board and some
others were advised to treat the soldiers sympathetically; lf the money
were put into a fund that would be
used to help desperate cases agalnBt
which the law seems to be almost too
hard, tt would be more sensible. The
tower, of course, looks as If it were
not finished; but there are a lot of
things ln. Canada not finished. I think
sometimes lt Is hard enough on us to
have to look at one another's faces
without having to look at carved faces
on the walls—I am thinking now particularly of the men. Electric lights
and fixtures seem to cost more lh the
parliament buildings than In private
houses. What sort of special lighting
fixtures Will lt take $60,000 to pay for?
Are there so many people using the
library that there ls not light enough
for them now, or What tt the difficulty?
I never noticed that the 'gentleman
usher of the black rod,' had dinted
these doors at the end of the chamber. I know they are only temporary,
but they are doing very well. They
are used by very many people besides
the 'gentleman usher of the black rod'
who enters two or three times a session, and I think they will do another
year or two. The fact of the matter
is that In this chamber we are apt to
get too far away from the people,
even those of us who pride ourselves
on being near to them. The people
not only want economy, they will have
It, and lf we do not give it to them,
they will send people here who will.
The whole thing Is atrocious and silly,
the amount of money that It takes to
do government work. I am against
this vote of $600,000."
Nominating Convention
the Federated Labor party of British Columbia will hold a nominating convention on Friday evening,
April llth, at 8 o'clock. The meeting will be held In hall No. S, Sll
Pender Btreet. All members are requested to attend.
Northwest Printers
Oregon, Washington and British
Columbia were represented at the
rlbrthweetefti Typographical Union
conference which assembled here on
Monday and Tuesday ln Holden block.
President H, C. Haynes of Taeoma
was lh the chair, the delegates were:
Seattle, C, F. Stephens, R. B. Packard, Philo Howard; Taeoma, H, C.
Haynes, L. O. Wheeler; Everett, Samuel Allen, Walter Chapman; Beilingham, F. M. Harper; Vancouver, H,
C. Corey, H. Neelands. Seattle Mailers' union, A. S. Larkin and E. Mac-
Namara, and the International Typographical union, L. R. Boxnn,
The PentIctonA B. C, co-operatlvo
store shows a net proflt of $47 for six
months ending February.
The fact that "we all have our
faults" doesn't excuse you and me
from making fools of ourselves.
=__
OUR OBJECTIVE
IT IS to make The B, C. Federationist an effective agency for the uplift and emancipation of the working classes. Every reader of The Federationist can help in this great
cause and very necessary work, hy co-operating witb ns in securing subscribers, advertisers
and contributors to our columns on any and all matters of local or international importance
pertaining to the Labor movement. Help ns, by your literary and news contributions to
make The Federationist a live L^bor and Socialist Weekly.
DO YOUR BIT. SUBSCRIBE TODAY. GET YOUR NEIGHBORS AND FRIENDS
TO SUBSCRIBE.
Boost The B.C. Federationist
LABOR IN AUSTRALIA
Result of Elections to West Australia
Givo Labor Substantial
Majority
The results of last week's elections
ln forty-eight electorates of West
Australia give the -following state of
parties: Labor, 26; ministerialists,
10; ministerial country party, 7; anti-
mlnlstefllal country party, 6. A member of the cabinet expresses the opinion that If the government wins the
two deferred elections It will ask the
governor for dissolution, and lf It loses
one or both, It will resign.
Money and the Money Trust
T AST YEAR when the Bank act wasf
under revision, some of our labor
comrades expressed criticism. The
conservatives said: "What have we to
do with the banks? We have no
money to Invest." Possibly our previous article may lead some to see
how clearly we all are related to the
banks and the financial system. The
loss of union funds In the Home Bank
has brought the lesson home to a
good many. The radicals In the movement, on the other hand, said: "We
want to abolish the whole capitalist
system. Why bother with one manifestation of that system." Well, so
long as we are In the system we run
up against it at every turn. The man
who does a day's job or reads a newspaper is helping to "maintain the Bystem." But further when you think of
the banks you get very near to the
nerve-centre of the capitalist system.
The Investigation made before the
committee on banking and commerce
was one of the finest studlea ln the
mechanism and workings of capitalism that has ever been given to the
Canadian public.
If we are to fight this thing we calt
"the system1' with Intelligence and effectiveness, we must understand something about it, ahd be able to know
the weak spots ln Its armour. If we
are to put an end to our exploitation,
we must know how our exploitation is
curried on.
The other day I was mystified by a
complicated card trick. Then my
friend explained It step by step. All
was then easy. How do the banks,
manipulate money and through money
control our lives?
Perhaps many of us know of the
banks only as we make small deposits,
or, on occaaion, seek to secure a loan
for some special purpose. We Imagine
that the function of a bank Is to take
Ih savings and lend these out again.
Even If this were so, we must notice
that we receive only some 3 per cent.
on our deposits, and on the other hand
must pay 8 to 10 per cent, for a loan.
Here Ib a flne margin of proflt. Probably 1 to 3 per cent, would cover the
service charges. But the bank gives
out much more than the amount of
the saving deposits. Indeed someone
says that it Ib well for the banks that
people see something going In or they
might otherwise wonder how bo much
comes out.
The banks have from the govern
ment the very valuable franchise of
the Issuing of bank notes. The dominion government, issues $1 and $2
bills. The private banks Issue all the
bills of larger denominations—why?
There's a reason!
If course the banks are not permit
ted to issue an unlimited number of
bills—except nt special times they are
not supposed to issue more than the
amount of their paid up capital. But
ln practice, this "paid-up capital"
seems to be rather flexible—tf not
somewhat gaseous In character. But
In any case, this privilege of Issuing
bank notes enables the bank practl
rally to double Its capital at one
stroke. A bank note Is simply a carefully engraved I. O. U. Fancy any
other business house Issuing I. O. U.'s
to the extent of Its capital Investment
—and charging Interest on the I. O.
U.'s.!
Still further the banka issue credit
on securities. Suppose that, aa a small
business man, I require, a loan of
$1000. The banker will not give me
the loan unless I turn oyer to him
ample security. He may demand property worth perhaps three times the
amount of the loan. In fact, the banker la a sort of high-class pawn-bro
ker. I have a watch worth $10, but1
cannot get a bed and breakfast. The
pawn-broker takes my Watch and advances me say $10. He puts my credit, or a portion of it, ln a form In
which I can readily use It. Bo the
banker. But In both cases I give the
securities; it Ib my credit. When the
banker puts my credit Into liquid
form he calls it bank credit—yet whnt
has the bank added to It? If the
bank in run on sound principles ft
has admittedly ample security. But I
pay 8 to 10 per cent, on my security.
Further from the banks standpoint
every loan creates a deposit. I must
confess that I used to have a vague
Idea, shared, I fancy, by many, that
when a bank boasted of Its "deposits,"
the reference was entirely to "savings
deposits."   Not so,   When I obtain a
(Continued from last'week)
[By J. S. Woodsworth. M. P.]
$1000 loan, the bank gives me a "line
of credit" which enables me to draw
to the etxeht of $1000. On the other
hand, it credits me with having "deposited" $1000. The more a bank
loans, the greater its deposits. In one
sense the heavier its obligations (presumably well-secured) the better off
it is! Is it too fantastic a way to put
it, if one should say, that the bank
charges interest on .its debts?
Stilt one step further. With my
line of credit I issue cheques to pay
my grocer and butcher. Before thc
bank closes for the day, these tradesmen deposit my cheques to their accounts. The bank's deposits are augmented and can be made the basis for
fresh loans. Here is where I feel that
I've turned two or three summersaults
In quick succession and hardly know
where I am at." So I shall leave to
the mathematically minded the task of
following the complicated processes
of credit.
But tt Is clear that In their power
of giving or withholding credit, which
Is the life-blood of modern commerce,
the banks have a tremendous power.
It may be quite true that the savings
deposits represent the sacrifices of the
poor.    It may be true that the share
CANADIAN APPEAL
For ReUef of Children in British
Occupied Area of
Germany
THEIR STRUGGLE TO EXIST
Soup Kitchens Have Been Opened
in All Towns to Keep Starvation at Bay
(XS BEHALF of suffering children
In the BrltlBh occupied area of
Germany, an appeal is now being
made to the people of Great Britain.
It Is backed by more than 60 prominent public men, Including Premier
Macdonald, Mr. Lloyd George, Mr.
Asquith, many leading churchmen,
army and navy officers, members of
parliament and others. The appeal,
in part, follows:
"Cold, hunger and despair are overwhelming large sections of the German people today, both In the occupied and In the unoccupied territory.
The ruin, through the collapse of the
mark, of thousands of middle-class
families, and especially of the old people living on their savings, Is no new
story. Their struggle to exist goes on
painfully, they are dependent on the
precarious charity of friends Inside
and outside Germany. Lnrge numbers of Institutions, hospitals, schools
and asylums have had to close for
lack of funds, and thousands of professional people—partly on account of
the closing of Institutions and partly
because bo few people are able to pav
their fees—flnd themselves Without
employment, or wtth ro little that
they can scarcely exist.
"Trade union funds, sick Insurance
benefits, and all such resources are
used up. Unemployment has been
prevalent throughout the year In the
Ruhr and Rhlneland, and now, to add
to this sum of human misery, has
come a general Industrial collapse.
It has resulted tn the partial or complete closing down of factories, with
consequent general unemployment all
over Germany. The workers, ns well
as the middle classes, are now faced
with hopeless poverty. Strenuous efforts for the relief of distress have
been made by the central nnd local
governments. Soup kitchens hnve
been opened in nil the towns to keej
starvation at bay. Prlvnto institutions nnd Individuals are helping generously. But the need is loo vast to
be covered hy a bankrupt government.
and tho present help is quite Innde
qunte.
Subscriptions mny he sent lo, nnd
will bo acknowledged by, Mr. O. C. T.
Pemberton, hon, treasurer of the Cn-
nadtnn committee, Camtdlnn Rank of
Commerce, Yonge and College branch
Toronto.
♦/holders In the banks are not usually
wealthy men. But the directors who
control these savings and small re
serves of capital are able on their basis
to Issue credit where and for what
and to whom they will—not infrequently to the personal advantage cf
themselves and thetr friends. Further, through the control of currency
and credit they may to no small extent, as shown in our previous article,
raise or lower the cost of living, and
thus affecting in the most vital way
the Uvea of all of us.
The changing value of government
bonds measured in purchasing power,
ls an outstanding illustration of the
effort of inflation and deflation. The
government borrowed during a period
of artificial Inflation. When wheat,
for example, was worth over $2 per
bushel, $10,000 was worth 5000 bush
els of wheat—then the bankers
brought about deflation. Wheat now
being worth less than $1 a bushel, the
$10,000 bond is worth 10,000 bushels
of wheat. By this manipulation, bond
holders gain automatically while the
load on the publlo Is practically
doubled.
Not least Important of the func
tlons of the bank Ib the financing of
government loans. Why the government cannot do Its own financing Is
not clear or is clear only on the re
cognition that the government is in
the hands of the financiers. .A year or
more ago, the dominion government
borrowed $100,000,000 In New York,
at 5 per cent, interest, paying 2-\_
per cent, commission. That Is by
pledging the credit of Canada, the
financiers were Induced to advance
some 92 % millions credit Why could
not Canada have Issued her own credit and saved that 7% per cent?
Or why not, Indeed, Instead of burdening the future with our war debts
"pay as we go? Why should a part
of our citizens be called upon to sacrifice everything at the front while
the other part stayed at home tc
profiteer ? Aad then—more inexplicable still—why should these selfsame profiteers be given a perpetual
mortgage on the rest of the population including those who wero fortunate or unfortunate to return from
tho front?
This is not wild raving on my part
.1. A. Hobson, the English economist
ln a recent book writes concerning
war finance: "The connection between
the Inflation which the governments
and banks conspired to produce and
the magnitude of war debts is not obscure. The 'money' which the government got by printing notes, by borrow
Ing trom banks, or by Inviting banks
to give credit to customers in order
to Increase subscriptions to war loans
(all pure Inflation) they spent in buy
ing goods nnd services. Thus prices
and profits mounted up the faster
bemuse this easy way of getting
money made governments more care
less In the rates they paid for what
they bought. Thc Immense nnd rapid
profits—due to the expanding priees,
wtth a lag of wages and a virtual crimination of competition—tbe recipients Invested In war-loans, the only
authorized nnd available investment."
And, he concludes his survey "At the
end of the depression virtually the
whole of the debt will be held by the
well-to-do classes." (Economics of
Unemployment).
Supplementary to this statement
may I quote the opinion of Viscount
Milner on the real significance of the
war debt and the heavy taxation ne
cessary to pay Interest on It—"As re
gards that portion (of the national
debt) which we owe to ourselves,
do contend that It does not represent
a dlmlnuatlon of our total national
wealth hut a redistribution of its as
between "individuals" and again tt
(re the national debt) Is nn almost in
(olerahlc embarrassment to the government which has perpetunlly to
tract money from n greater number of
people In order to put It Into 1 be
pockets nf a much smaller number.
When we consider Ihe wonderful
opportunities the banks bave of mak
ing money perhaps the wonder Is (hat
tbey do not mnke more. Of course
the 12 per cent, which tbo shareholders generally derive Is not n bnd return. Rut thnt by no means represents tho "earnings" of tbe banks
Large amounts are put away In vnrl
mis reserve funds. Sometimes the re
serve is more thnn the paid up oapl
(Continued on  page 2)
In U. S. 1,200,000 People Gave Up
Their Farms and Left
for the Cities
IN THE PRESENT SITUATION
Co-operation In Victoria
Information wae .received by Vancouver Trades and Labor council that
the members of the Amalgamated
Carpenters union In Victoria, at a
meeting last Thursday evening, went
in a body to the United Brotherhood
of Carpenters and Joiners union.
Get your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
Of
Shall Women of Western Canada
Have Justice?—Imperial
Act of 1857 Still Law
HR.    SHAW'S    RESOLUTION
Religious Views Lead Some to Be
Entirely Opposed to Principles of Divorce
[By Lucy L. Woodsworth]
CURELY it Is time that the one wo-
^ man member In the Ottawa
house had some support. Mr.
Shaw brought in a resolution
last week to place the wife on
equality with the husband, as regards
the grounds upon which divorce may
be obtained. This equality ot Btatus
does not exist in the maritime provinces. In Ontario and Quebec there
are no divorce courts, but—and this Is
the crux of the matter so far as Mr.
Shaw's resolution is concerned—the
four western provinces are still under
the "Matrimonial Causes act," passed
by the Imperial parliament in 1867;
although in England for some time
now, the sexes have been upon an
equality tn this matter. According to
thts act, while a husband may secure
a divorce from his wife on the grounds
of adultery, much more Ib required of
the wife. She must establish either
(a), (b) or (c) of the following:
(a) One of four specified types of
adultery.
(b) Adultery coupled with such
cruelty as without adultery would
Justify judicial separation.
(c) Adultery coupled with desertion without reasonable excuse, for
two years or upwards.
Thus, Mr. Shaw pointed out, "In addition to adultery, the wife must prove
legal cruelty or desertion? Concerning legal cruelty, a statement of Chief
Justice Meredith was quoted: "Her
life may be a veritable hell upon earth
and she is without remedy, If robtiRt
enough to suffer It nil without impairment of her physical health or her
mentality." Concerning desertion, lt
was suggested that the words "without reasonable excuse" afford a very
wide latitude. All that Mr. Shaw's
resolution required was a simple hit
of legislation which would give the
women of the four western provinces
justice in the mntter of divorce, both
as regards wife versus husband and ns
regards the women of the west versus
the women of the maritime provinces.
So much for the resolution an
brought In. Those who took part In
the debate fell into two groups. The
one said, this Ib Justice, but how does
it jibe with my personal convictions?
My religious nnd conscientious views
lend uk to be entirely opposed to the
principle of divorce; therefore, I will
support no resolution that makes divorce easier lit any woy. To this Mr.
Casgrain threw in for good measuro,
the argument as naive as hoary—that
since creation, women has been and
always will be, marked hy Innate
weakness and a pronounced Inferiority.
The other group said: This is Justice, it ts Imperative that Justice have
thc right of way. Mr. McMaster put
it this way: "I would make no difference between the sexes. I believe
that the necessity for even-handed
Justice is a greater necessity even than
the artificial restriction of divorce."
This view wns upheld by Mr, Yorko,
among others. (Query: Are religion
and Justice ever at variance?)
The only dramatic moment during
the debate, was when Miss MacPhail
rose—"the mouthpiece of her sex for
the whole dominion," one of the members gallantly expressed. This Inw,
which treated nn injustice towards
women, had been man-made, she snid.
Indeed, throughout our body of laws,
It was everywhere apparent that in
making them, mnn hnd forgotten thnt
he was only half or the great human
family. She bad sat silent watting
for man to undo his handiwork unassisted. During her remarks, one
somehow caught a glimpse of the
other hnlf of the grent human family
silently waiting with bor. Nor wns
there lacking n hint thnt it would not
be a helpless, hopeless waiting.
The discussion wns adjourned, tint
the mntter will come up ngnin at n
later dato in the session.
Conditions in Western Canada
Had—Fruitgrowers Leaving the Okanagan
[By John Ball]
pROBLEMS are something which
the farmer has "nothing else but."
In fact, most of them have about
given up hope of ever, finding any solution for the numerous difficulties
which confront the agricultural producers. A friend of the writer is having an auction sale of His household
effects this week, and Is leaving the
Okanagan. When asked what he intended to do with hiB fruit ranch, he
said that he intended to leave it Just
where it was, that its future was a
mutter of complete indifference to him
and that from now on someone else
could do the worrying about it. This
attitude it. quite general, and those
who can raise railway fore, are getting out to seek work elsewhere, mainly in California.
The situation Is the same all over
the continent, and in spite of a reputed era of prosperity in the United
States, the condition there Is for from
prosperous for the farmer. In 1922,
it was estimated by the agricultural
department that 1,200,000 people gave
up the farm in disgust, and left for
the cities. Four per cent, of the farmers in fifteen of the corn and wheat-
growing states have lost thetr farms
through mortgages, four and half per
per cent! more relinquished them voluntarily, fifteen per cent more cannot
pay their debts and during the paat
three years one out of every five has
gone bankrupt.
Conditions In Western Canada are
just as bad, and in the beautiful Okanagan valley, where every prospect
pleases and only man Is vile, It ls not
considered polite to mention money at
all, and the class struggle will soon be
a thing of the past, because all classes
ln the community are broke.
Bernard Shaw says that the older
he becomes, the more convinced he Is
that the other planets use this one
for a lunatic asylum. If a visitor from
Mars came to the Okanagan and gazed
over the expanse of lake-and orchard
from the top of one of our mountains,
he would likely laugh until his sides
ached at the antics of the poor misguided humans. He would see a country unequalled for beauty ahd climate,
rich in natural resources, a fertile land
ready to laugh an abundant harvest
when tickled with a plow; he would
find a thrifty, intelligent (?) population whose boast used to be that they
were hand-picked, and to make the
Irony of the situation complete, he
would scon discover that the harder
these people worked, and the more
wealth they produced, thr poorer they
were.
For two years the Okanagan fruitgrowers received nothing but red Ink
for their crops. (In ense the term
may be new to our readers, wc may
explain that red Ink on a fruit statement means a debit balance). The
pnst yenr witnessed the organization
of the Co-opertlve Fruit Growers,
which succeeded In establishing an f..
o, b. market Instead of the policy of
consignment which almost ruined thc
Industry In 1922. It is stnted that
the average price realized for a box
of apples will he about 50 cents, and
ns it costs 80 cents to produce, this
particular problem In not solved yet.
However, the growers were convinced
thut they were doing quite well, and
would yet pull through after the Cooperative had become better organized
and established.
Now, Juki hs we arc settUng back in
our seats with a sigh of relief, as the
hero, co-operation comes dashing up
to pay the mortgage before it Is foreclosed, nnd the white-haired old couple turned out to brave the rigors of
an Okanagan summer and to subsist
on n meagre diet of sage brush* and
fir cones, the orchestra strikes a some-
bfrfl chord, the villain sneaks in and
knocks the hero for a row of tombstones. The villain Just now is the
independent grower, aided and abetted by the flne Italian hand of the Independent shippers.
Several large properties producing
considerable tonnage, have changed
hands lately, and have .passed out of
the control of the co-operative into
the ownership of independents, who
are presumably being backed by wealthy shipping concerns. Unless the cooperative can control 16 per cent, of
the tonnage, It cannot function satisfactorily, and is now threatening to
disband and let the Industry go down
with a smash, which wl)) ruin co-operative girowers and independents ns
well.
It is difficult to soy at present Just
whnt Is going to happen, but one thing
Is sure, and that Is that Okanagan
fruit-grower is doing more hard thinking than he ever did in his life before. We notice thnt the United Fnr-
mers nre making overtures to thc
Trades and Lnbor council, which Is nn
indication that they arc becoming
wise at last. The only'salvation for
the farmer lies In making an alliance,
economic nnd political, with his fel-
low producers, with the object of
(Continued on page 4) PAGE TWO
sixteenth year. N,. i4 BRITISH COLUMBIA FED-ERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY April 4, 19:
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Office. 1129 Howo 3t.
The polity of Tho B- C. Federationlat Ib
controlled by the editorial hoard of the Federated Labor Party of British Columbia.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, 92.50 per
year, $1-50 for alx montha; to Unions sab*
scribing in a body, 10s per member per
month. _____	
FRIDAY April  4,  1924
srEAJUiVG EVIL OF OUR
NEIGHBORS
THE unfairness and lack of sincerity
on the part of the capitalist press
when dealing with questions which
effect the working class is so common
that It usually calls for no comment.
Knowing the functions of the press,
and who Its real owners are, we can
understand their attitude on such
questions. But thc following, taken
from the Vancouver Dally Sun, of
March 25th, Ib so glaring an attempt
to besmirch the name of a working
class organization, that we cannot let
It pass without a protest:
For some weeks paat there has been
an influx of undesirables, vagrants
and members of the I. W. IV., who
have stopped over here for a short
time on their route to Vancouver after
the failure of the lumbermen's strike
in the Interior. It Is thought possible
that the crime may have been committed by some of these men, who are
of the most degraded and troublesome
type.
We have no desire to needlessly find
fault, and we would even like to be
charitable, but we cannot see why the
name of the I. W. W. need be mentioned In conneotlon with the most
atrocious crime, except for the prejudice of the 'Sun and a desire to
"knock" the I. W.'W., because of the
favor auch action would receive in
certain quarters.
The Coquitlam murder was an act
of such wanton cruelty and atrocious:
ness, that before the name of any individual or group of individuals was
mentioned in connection with it, some
evidence, circumstantial or otherwise,
besides prejudice or spleen should bo
forthcoming.
We hold no brief for the I. W. W.
In fact, we do not agree with their
political point of view at all; but we
can see no good reason why mention
of their name in this connection
should have been made, except as we
have already stated. There was Junt
as much grounds for Baying that perhaps the crime was committed by a
member of the board of trade or the
manufacturers association.
It Ib quite true that the I. W, W.
were engaged in a strike recently;
but a strike In Itself Is not a crime.
We have heard of no acts of lawless*
nesa in connection with the lumber
workers' strike—indeed, we are of the
opinion that the strike was carried on
so orderly that it did not at all suit
the "upholders" of "law and order"
ln some sections.
As to these men being of the "most
degraded and troublesome type," we
have only the. Sun's assertion for that,
Neither In this oountry nor yet in the
United States, where this organization
has been subjected to so much persecution, have they definitely been connected with any criminal act. At this
moment we cannot think of any one
more "degraded and troublesome"'
than the person responsible for the
paragraph quoted above. The publication of a statement with so Uttle
foundation is so uncalled for that lt
borders very closely on inciting to mob
violence,
As the Sun, In every Issue, prints a
chapter from the Bible, ostensibly for
the moral uplift of its renders, we
will venture to quote briefly from the
same authority for the benefit of the
Sun, even at the risk of "casting our
pearls before swine":
"Though I speak with the tongues
of men and of angeltt, and have not
charity, I am -become as sounding
brass, or a tinkling cymbal,   .   .
"And though 1 bestow all My uoods
to feed tho poor, and though I give
My body to he burned, nnd have not
charity, U profUcth Me nothing,   .    .
v"And now nhldeth faith, hope, char
Ity, these three;  but the greatest of
theie is charity.—I Corinthians xili 1
3-18." ,
HOOIAIJHM AM) THE MILK
': TRUST
IT ALMOST goes without wiylng, that
one of the Ilrst trades that will be
dealt with drastically, but along lines
that will be of decided benefit to the
public, Willi be the milk trade, when
labor gets in power. It is obvious, to
nny thinking person, that this Ib a
trade which .should recolve the most
serious consideration. If you go into
any one. of our towns or cities and see,
as we do here In Vancouver, two or
throe milkmen sont-by different retailor* following each other day after
day along each street, reflect that this
Is one of the reasons why the working man's wife cannot afford to buy
milk enough for her growing family
Reasonably clean milk is recognized
as being one of the best foods for
young, growing children, yet here in
Vancouver hundreds of our young
children arc not obtaining anything
like tho amount that is their Just due.
Only recently It has been brought to
oar notice again that many of our
school childron arc not obtaining suf
flciont nourishment, and when it
came before our city council, they folt
themselves obliged to cut off tbe
amount of milk that was boing allowed
our schools to give the under-nourished children.     It is tropic enough to
know that we, here in thia land flowing with milk and honey, have children that are under-nourished—we had
thought that those conditions only
existed in Kussia—but when our city
fathers are compelled to cut off necessary allowance, we wonder to what
extent this capitalist system will go
before it will surrender or bo forced
Into oblivion. To think that a few
dollars mean more than the health
and happiness of our young and innocent children, Is appalling! How
do they, how can they justify auch actions? Will they, fn the days that are
to come—should the eventuality arise
■have the nerve to aak theae same
young children to go out on to the
battle field and flght and die for such
a system? No dotfbt they will. There
seems to be no limit to their nerve on
such occasions.
The reaaon of the high price of
milk is, in general, not to be found In
excessive profits to the farmer. Indeed, lt is true here, that in many
areas, the contrary is the caae. It
would seem that the main cauae for
the expense la the high coat of distribution, In some cases more has
been allowed for this than for all
other expenses, together with the remuneration to the producer. These
facts are notorious. Lord Rhondda—
that great Individualist buslneas man,
who In his old age turned from the
successful pursuit of his private proflt to the utilization of hla great pow-
in the public Intereats as food
controller in England—was reluctantly driven, in spite of his natural
bias against socialism, to the view that
the only thing to do was to municipalize or closely control the retail distribution and to nationalize the wholesale trade.
That, indeed, is the socialist policy,
and no' other is adequate to meet the
situation. Private Intereats cannot be
trusted in a matter of such vital importance to the health and general
welfare of the community, in which
tlte public interest and the particular
interest of the profit-seeking traders
often pursue divergent paths. The community should be complete master
In Its own household. If, in its opinion, It is desirable, the community
should be able to take over the retail
distribution of nialk and either to run
it direct as a public service, or to
handle It under close supervision
through co-operative or 6thor authorized distributors. Undoubtedly
combines have been able to effect
great economies in distribution, by
amalgamating unnecessarily competitive businesses and by better organ!
zation of its supplies; but moat of
these economies have gone to the
shareholders, and the public has profited not at all. It is obvious to nny
who ha\e chosen to give thiB matter
any very serious consideration, that
the milk trade must of necessity be
one of the flrst to receive the atten
tion of any labor and socialist gov.
ernment, if In the meantime our anti
socialist governments do not see the
error of their way, and endeavor to
make amends for their past mismanagement, by instituting this much-
needed reform.
evident to any thinking mind that the
various groups of workers which are
now struggling along as separate entitles, will eventually combine into one
aolld and united force in an effort to
protect themselvea effectually from
the onslaughts of those who are either
too callous' and Inhumane to consider
their welfare, or who may be absolutely ignorant as to the pathway that
humanity Is treading on Its onward
and .upward march towards the goal
of human liberty and Justice. So
long as our social system continues to
operate as it is doing today, disregarding the every-day needs of the work
ers and their dependents, we must expect strikes to continue. ...They are
but a means, it would seem, that will
serve to impress upon the minds of
those in control, the necessity of developing a more humane social system; one In which the rule of life will
be—"From each according to his abll
Ity, to each according to his needs."
SEEING THE ERROR OF
THEIR WAY
A RECENT press dispatch brought
us the newa lhat Oswald Mosley,
son-in-law of Lord Curzon, has joined
the Labor party, If we might judge
from the nature of hla letter to
Premier Macdonald, in which he said,
"You stand forth as the leader of the
forces of progress ln their assault
upon the powers of reaction, In this
grave atruggle I ask leave to range
myself beneath your standard," he
will be truly welcome. The light is
dawning. Capitalism Ib crumbling.
The sincere souls who have, through
Ignorance, been endavoring to bolster
up this decadent system are experiencing an awakening. Those who
join *bur forces, feeling that therein
lies the greatest opportunity for the
giving of honest, earnest and sincere
assistance, on their part, to suffering
humanity, we bid them welcome. To
those who come with any other mo-
tive, no matter from party or sect, we
1)1(1 thein stay with their sinking ship.
STRIKES—WHAT DO THEY MEAN
FOR SO.ME time past, it would seom
an though we are experiencing more
strikes than we are us n. rule aOOUB
tomed to experience In a given time.
Such events should nl least stimulate
thought on the part of every oue who
has the Intorest of humanity at heart,
For every effect thero Is a cause; then
we should make an honest attempt to
seek the cause underlying the groat
unrest that is at the root of the mnny
strikes that we arc witnessing today.
The average human being Ib, as a
rule, a very docile creature. Oiven a
reasonable satisfaction for the needs
that are pressing upon him, he will
tolerate a great deal. Circumstances,
It would appear, have now arisen when
men and women arc next receiving sufficient to provide, with the osaentiala
of life, themselves and dependents.
They flnd that they cannot Tlopend on
others to look after or defend their
Intereats, and that It Is a duty thnt
has now fallen upon them in all seriousness, that they themselves must
took to thofle interests. So' callous
have the beneficiaries of the present
capitalist syatem become to the needs
of their fellowmen, that no otber way
Is open to tbe average group of workers, than to Htand up as one body to
defend their Just rights and privileges.     As time goes on, It will be
"Communism, the Next Stage in
Social Evolution"
<l.»i.ii-in.^i..nni »»»M'»»»»*y**■■■■»«•—■■>■■« ■■■■> i hi h.i«i .«. hi nm hh..|.^w».si,|ih..i„|ihi.»„*>
TfHE   final  address  of  Dr.   Curry's' 'ministration of Roosevelt, and pub
-I-   -inni.n_.     nn      ll*,..      <<r>|.r_liliiliiL_     nf     T.ifl)      llull-lll    llV   tlio    Annanl   tr\   Dsncnn
Money and the
Money Trust
(Continued from page 1)
tal. Other large sums go into real estate used more or less for bank premises. Again overhead expenses are
very heavy. Large salaries for the
higher officials and elaborate equipment even in small branches in out-
of-the-way places. Further considering the whole banking system, the
duplication of services la most wasteful. Why two or three branch bankB
In a single hamlet? Why a dozen
huge bank buildings within a couple
of city blocks? Under modern condl-v
tions, competition Is a wasteful and
extravagant method of doing business.
Mergers are inevitable, but they raise
their own problems and at best represent a transition stage In economic
development.
Again, the bank may have large profits but it often haa huge losses—as
the revelations In connection with the
failure of the Merchants and Home
banks testify. Certain speculations
may have proved disastrous. The
bank suffers. All who do business help
to foot the bill. If the bank fails, It
Involves the depositors and shareholders in the disaster. But what If the
speculation should prove successful?
The bank secures Interest—that is atl;
the speculator has the profits, and
who Is the speculator? Sometimes
one or more of the bank directors.
Here we come to the more fundamental evil of interlocking director
ates. Whether tho investment is
"legitimate" or speculative may make
a great deal of difference from the
standpoint of good business, and tlie
effect on depositors and shareholders.
But In either case the effect on tlte
public at large may be bad. Mr. A, r
bank director, mny lend to Mr, B, au
tomoblle manufacturer and refuse
credit to Mr. C, house-builder, or Mr,
D, cattle-raiser. The automobile industry will flourish while the building
industry or cattle raising industry may
go on the rocks. Mr. A, as automobile manufacturer, may make large
profits, even though the public at large
suffers and the bank itself feels the
adverse effect of the general depres-
sion. But why Bhould Mr. A, as bank
director, be permitted to use other
people's money for hla own advantage? In Canada frequently the same
group of men are directors In a bank,
an insurance company, a trust nnd
loan, company, a transportation
power company, and several big Industrial concerns such as textile,
flour, or a rubber, or a pulpwood or
mining company. Thua they can con
trol the entire induatrlal commercial
and financial situation.
Indeed, their power does still further for they may have their representation in parliament, and In the
cabinet Itself. This is what we call
"the money trust." Its ramWcatlons
may be traced in every department of
complicated Inter-related activities of
our modern life. We defy it ul our individual peril. We accept ita sovereignty at tho peril of eociety.
Jhe danger of the dominance of the
money truat seems to me two-fold. It
hus succeeded ln placing a mortgage
on us all thnt can never be paid—a
mortgage that, In the meantime, reduces tho majority to virtual serfdom,
In thc old Feudal days a peasant often worked three daya of the week
for the Lord of the eatate, and then
wns permitted to work three days for
himself. The average Canadian |H
really worse off than this. Federal,
provincinl and municipal debts, In
Anted values and wntered stocks, mid
dlemen's profits—all lay an overburdening weight upon Industry. Nomi
nally you mny own your own house;
the mnn wbo holds the mortgage
the real owner. Canada can never
prosper till it gets rid of Ub mortgages. Uurri the mortgage and nt
wealth Is destroyed. Think that out
Read X A. Hohson's and Viscount
Mllnor's statements again. Then
think n bit harder!
Thin brings us to the other way of
looking at the danger of the domln
ance of tho money trust.     The man
with a mortgage Is not free.   The nntion mortgaged to the money lords li
not free.    "Work nnd starve, live on
hay."     The   Insh   swings   over   our
backs.    Economics In public expendl
lures  on  health and  education,  low-
wages,  irregular work,, high  cost of
living, high taxes, all to pay the mort
gage,   Individuals are bribed or cow
od; democracy becomes a sham.   So
called "political freedom" or "religious
freedom"    or    "academic    freedom
without economic freedom becomes n
hollow mockery.   The task of our nge
seems to be to win economic freedom,
S.   K.   Johnson, Sponces Bridge-
HIs communication la crowded out t.
this Issue, but will appear next weok.
course on the "Problems of Life
and Labor," was delivered on Alarch
21st, and the above subject was dealt
with. A good Blzed audience was present, muny of whom had been attending regularly since the opening lecture In October. According to the
speaker, the coming of communism Is
not a matter of chance. It does not
develop from the. consciousness of
great men, but is the Inevitable product of natural law, just as is the
coming of day, or the return of spring,
for man, and his activities are Just as
much under the sway of causation as
are the movements of tides, or the revolutions of planets.
The speaker briefly reviewed some
great landmarks of evolution, which
he had dealt with during the winter.
The whirling of cosmic dust In the
making of worlds, the origin of life in
the primordial years of this planet, the
innate urge of matter to combine and
live, the coming of flsh, amphibians,
reptiles, mammals and man, were
briefly reviewed.
Communism   the   Earliest,   and   the
Coining Form of Society
For hundreds of generations our
ancestors were savages, and yet in
many respects were more fraternal
than are the Christian civilizations of
today, -for in tribal society there were,
no paupers, nor parasites, no millionaires, nor slums, nor palaces. The
means o'f life were owned, and operated in common, the hostile environment compelled these primitive men
and women to co-operate In order to
meet the common foes, and today the
same universal urge to live is compelling the exploited masses to combine and conquer their exploiters. The
speaker traced alao the various stages
of aoclal development, showing how
communism merged Into slavery, how
slavery enabled the master to live off
the toil of his subjects, and how feudalism, based on land as the dominant
factor in production, was a still more
favorable form of exploitation. Then
came capitalism, based on the class
ownership of machinery; this is the
highest, and at the same time the
final stage of class rule in human
slavery. For as the communist manifesto says: "The stage haa now been
reached where the exploited classes
cannot attain their emancipation from
the exploiting or capitalist class, without once and for all time emancipating society at large from all exploitation, oppression, class distinctions and
class struggles."
The Seeds of Social Revolution
It is said that the Ice age of half a
million yeara ago drove man Into primitive communism. Chattel slavery
lasted thousands of years, and was
the economic basis of Egypt, Greece
and Rome, and the ancient civilizations of the past. Feudalism endured
for many centuries, and waa replaced
by capitalism, which evolved with machine produotlon.
"Capitalism contains within itself
the aeeda of Its own destruction." Dr.
Curry showed by facts and figures how
economic forcea are operating for the
coming of communism.
Underhand production which prevailed in thoee ages before capitalism,
production and consumption balanced
under normal conditions, in all com
munlties and countries. With hand!
craft methods, with galleys and crude
sailing ships, and caravans, 'commerce
as we know lt, was undreamed of. In
thoae days all available labor was
usually needed to supply the needs ot
the masters and their slaves.
The speaker, after stating these
facts, displayed aome colored charts
which Illustrated the increased exploitation, and unemployment which
followed the evolution of the machine
and which is evidencing itself today in
political and economic chaos. Iron ls
the basic commodity of modern capl
tallsm. The first chart showed how
the increase of productive powers took
place In the United States In the sup
Plying of pig iron. These facta and
figures were taken from "suppressed
Information," from the 18th annual
lubor report compiled under tHe ad-
llshed by the Appeal to Reason,
In 1870, the average producer of
pig iron turned out 66 tons, annual
wages, $453, proflt on each worker,
$322-
In 1880, the product was SI tons,
WftgfcH $504, proflt $500.
In 1890, through Improvement! ir.
smelting, eaoh sweated slave turned
out 260 tons, wages were reduced to
$460, profit on each worker, $405.
In 1900, Important labor-saving.devices were installed, resulting in 390
tons for each man, wages were $660,
profits from each worker going to the
shareholders, $900. It should be noted that while the purchasing power
of $1 was, during this time on the
wane, the number of dollars .received
by the producers remained almost
stationary, while profits from 1870-
1900 Increased nearly 300 per cent.
Our "goose-step" professors of economics dare not mention theBe facts
or draw the obvious deductions, yet
this increase of surplus value applies
to all lines of manufacture and exchange, wherever machinery ls used,
Yet what must be the result of this
ever-increasing stream of wealth ex
traded from the brain and brawn of
the modern alave?
WageB remain at the point of Bub-
siatence, and the consuming power of
the masses ls represented by wages,
What la dope with the surplus wealth ?
For a time It waa turned into new
capital and new machinery. The
great war was a hideous climax of thla
hire of the laborer, kept back by
fraud."
Another chart showed how increased unemployment kept pace with the
development of labor-saving methods.
From the year 1890-1903, unemployment In the United States had Increased from 15 to 50 per cent., that
Is this percentage of workers were out
of employment part of the time, the
chief cause being "works closed."
But our race which survived tbe
ice ages, and successfully conquered
the enemies of the past, ls not going
to perish meekly, because a parasitic
class owns the world's means of life.
Dr. Curry also showed how the understanding of and revolt against bun
ger and misery expressed Itself in the
growth of the socialist movement
The conclusion, whtch is obvious, ls
that as unemployment, poverty, war
nnd all the curses of modern society
fan be traced back to production for
profit, therefore the remedy Js production for use. This can bc attained
only by the working classes capturing
power, political and economic, und
building up a new social order, based
on communism, through whloh alone
peace and plenty can be the lot of nil,
Tlio Desire of Nations
The speaker showed how the Ideals
of universal peaee, and brotherhood
had been dreamed of, and fought for
in all ages.
The Hebrews, through their great
prophets, auch as Isaiah, Mlcha, Jesus
and John, had struggled and died'In
battling for thiB Ideal. Even our more
modern poets such aa Burna, Shelley,
Morris, Whitman, Markham and Tennyson expressed the same forces of
social passion.
The address was concluded with
Ingersoll's "Night and Morning,"
which ended aB follows:
"I see a world of peace, a world
where labor reaps its full reward, a
world upon which the shadow of the
gallows doea not fall, a world without
the beggar's outstretched palm, the
miser's heartless stoney stare, the
piteous wall of want, the cruel eyes
of scorn. I see a world without disease of flesh or brain, shapely and fair,
the married harmony of form, and
function, and as I look life lengthens,
joy deepens, love intensifies, fear dies,
liberty at last secure and heaven is
here, this shall be."
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
New Tailored
Broadcloth Blouses
Have Just Arrived
T^HE popularity of the broadcloth blouse is
demonstrated by the fact that previous
shipments have been disposed of in short
order. Women who wear tailored blouses
appreciate these. That's a certainty. Prices
$5.95 and $6.95.
575 Oranvllle Street
Phone Beymour 8540
End of Secret Treaties
A London despatch on Tuesday,
stated that Under Secretary Arthur
Ponsonby has announced the end ot
secret treaties for Great Britain. In
future the government will present
every treaty to parliament for 21 days;
then ask for ratification. This will
make the negotiation of secret pacts
impossible.
,      Mothers' Pensions
It ls said that the nation cannot
afford the charge for mothers' pen-'
slons. I should put lt this way: Can
we afford not to give mothers' pensions?—Pethick Lawrence, M.P.
A pure tonic
beverage—
m  *:.\
"Purity from first to last" it the
slogan of Cascade brewing —eyen
the bottles are sterilized. Everything possible is done at B. C.'s
model brewery to give you the best
beer that Canada's choicest barley
and hops can produce.
INSIST on "Cascade"-
the better beer — at the
Government Vendor's..
VANCOUVER
BREWERIES
LIMITED
Always look up The Fed. advertiser,   'Ms advertisement la not published or displayed tty the Liquor Contvo.
before making purchases. Board or by tho Oovernment of British Columbia.
EASTER   STOCKS    SACRIFICED AT "FAMOUS"
WE bought huge nooks ot tha belt
auits, dresses, eoats, ete. Now we
have no room to display tbem, aa our
new extension Is not yet ready. So we're
taken a generous aiioe off the prices to
mako them go. You'll be amazed when
you realise what great values we're giving now.
Famous SSVii.
688 HA8TDW* STBEBT WBST *^
DO you get tbe fullest use of your tele*
phone 1 Of course, you uio lt to call
up a friend, or plaoe an order wltb a
tradesman, but do you always think of it
when you need to do something personal.
lyt How many times would the telephone savo you time t If a business man,
how much money would the telophone
save yout Many trips eould be saved, if
the telephono were used Instead.
The telephone gives direet and prompt
communication with that personal touch
which brings both parties to a conversation close togethor. That is why it has
become one of the greatest factors of
business and social life.
B. 0.  TELEPHONE OOXFAXT
Bin* np Pbone Seymoar IIM
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
DENTIST ,
Salt*   301   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. O.
FIRST CHURCH OI
CHRIST SCIENTIST {
1160 Oeorgia stmt
Sunday services, 11 aas. ant -ISO p*
Sunday   achool   Immediately    follow!
morning ■orviea,   «•*-**■---■-- •--.•
meeting,   8  o.n..
•01.J0S Birks Bldg.
—        »uu><,<*.Bh«ij IVUPWI
•*   Wedneaday teatimon
■■»•    fret reading no
tIAVE yon ever IumI a reel drink
11 or Pure Apple Older daring tbe
lest few -feus?
To meat the desires of many clients,
we hava introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple eider in pint botUos,
either pure sweat or government regale*
tlon S% hard apple eider. Theso drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
carbonic sold gaa or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland »0.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Manufacturers
1985 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B, 0,
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BtllllTlH, lOLHHOM, IM.
«01*_08 Metropolitan Building
117 BaMtaia M. W. VUfOOOTBB. B. O.
"""       "    Seymour IM ul iht
B. r. Harrison
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO., LTD,
AHBCXANOE SERVICE
Mainland
Cigar Store,
110 OAItRAIA STHKBTT
THE PLACE FOR PIPES ,
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Room
*»•_ CORDOVA STREET
Everything Modem
Ratea Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe ta Bat"
HASTINOS   AND   COLUMBIA   (
BANKING SERVICE
/THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
.*■ of brashes across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at homo and abroad.
UNK>J!M
Established 59 Tears
NEW BOOl
By BERNARD MoEVOY
"Diogenei" of the Vancouver Daily Provinoe
VERSES FOR M
FRIENDS
A SPLENDID PRESENT.   AT AIXJ.OOKSTORES
Prioe, Cloth $1.60; Paper, $1.00 FRIDAY April 4,  1924
SIXTEENTH YEAB.    No. 14 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER. B. a
PAGE THREE
The Climax of
dentistry value
My Celebrated
Expression Plates
When   you   know   of   the beautiful appearance, the scientific
perfection, the great utility   of   these   dental plates, you will
agree that the price I charge is exceptionally small. Here is
dental satisfaction at last.    Let me tell you about it.
I give you tho benefit of my safe, pain-eliminating methods
of extraction without charge when a plate ts ordered.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly member of the Faculty of the College of Dentistry,
University of Southern California; lecturer on Crown and
Bridgework, demonstrator on PUtework and Operative Ben*
tlstry, Local and General Anmthesia.
602 Hastinga Street West Phone, Seymonr 3881
Oorner Seymour—Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Open Wednesday Afternoons, Tuesday and Friday Evenings
COFFEE
•In ttu flavor Bailing Tia"
Best $2.50
GLASSES  OX lABTH.
OImui not preiertbed onl.il »b*
lolutely leitiur;. EMmlnnllon.
mad. br «-___«• EyMlfht iMdal-
liti. SMUlncllon p»r»n«eM._
Wl irlnd out own lean., —nut
dnplleitid br null. *
PITMAN
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical Houee)
Be   n»  of  the   addreif—Above
Woolworth'i Store, near
Granville,
Suite 3d. DavU Ohuaten,
616 HASmaS  STBBBT WBST
' Phone Say. 1071	
Hand The Federationist to your
shopmate when you are through with
lt.
Vancouver Unions
ALLIED  PRINTINO TRADES COUNCIL—
lleeta aecond Monday ln the month.   Preildent, J. R. White; aeeretary, R. H. Noel-
anda. P. 0. Boi 66.	
FED8RATED LABOR PARTY, Boom 111-
819 Fender St. Weat—Bniinetl meetinga
•very Wednesday evening. A. Uaelnnu,
ohalrman; _. H. Morriion, aec-treaa.; Oto.
D, Harriion, 1188 Parker Street. Vancouver,
B, 0., oorreiponding leereUry.
Any dlitrlet in Britiih Columbia desiring
information ra ■eenrlng imkin or tha for*
matlon of looal branches, kindly communloata
, with ProTineial Seeretary J. Lyle Telford,
534 Blrka Bldg., Vaneoaver, B. 0. Tafc-
phone Seymonr 1882, or Falnnont 4938,
BAKERY SALESMEN, LOCAL 871— Meeta
aecond Thunday every month in Holden
Building. Preaident, J, Brlghtwell; financial
aeontary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
laat.
INTEBNATIONAL     BROTHERHOOD     01
Boilerm«keri, Iron Shipbuilder! and Help*
. en of America, Local 194—Meetings Int
f and third Mondaya in eaoh month in Holden
1 Building. President, F. Willis; iecretary, A.
Fraser. Offlce hoars, 9 to 11 a*m. and 8 to 6
fcp-m.
' BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If yon nee*
f brlcklayen' or maaona for boiler works,
. ate., or marblo setters, phono Brlcklayen'
■ Onion, 811 Holden Building.	
• CIVIO   EMPLOYERS  UNION—Meets   flnt
f     and third Fridays in oaoh month, at 445
Bichards Street.    President, David Cuthlll,
2858 Albert Btreet; lecretary-treaiorer, Geo.
I Harriion, 1188 Parker Street.
ENQINEERS — INTEBNATIONAL UNION
ot   Steam and   Operating,  Looal   882—
Ueeti  every  Wednesday at  8 p.m.,  Room
806 Holden Bldg.   President, Charles Price;
bnsiness agent snd flnsnclsl seeretsry, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
CITY   FIREFIGHTERS   UNION   NO.   18—
President, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Pirehsll;
i secreUry, 0. A, Wation*, No. 8 FirehaU.
.OENERAL    LABORERS   UNION—MEETS
.     evok,' first and third Monday in Holden
hBuilding.   President, J. R. Hawthorne; flnan-
Fcisl seoretary, A. Padgham, Joyce Road P. 0.,
■ Vancouver,   B.   C.;  recording  seeretary,    0-
■.Tether,  2249—45th  Ave. East,  Vaneonver, ;
fB. Q. ,
[ MUSICIANS MUTUAL PROTECTIVE''
UNION, Loosl 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
> Moose Hall, Homer Street, second Sunday,
at 16 a.m. Presidont, Ernest 0. Miller. 991
'Nelson Street; secretary,' Edward Jamieson,
»991 Nelson Street; flnsnclsl secretary, W. E,
Williams, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, F,
Fletcher, 991 Nelaon Street.
-FEDERATED SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
0.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 8rd
Friday of each month at headquartera, 818
Cordova Street West. President, D, 0111*1-
pie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
tressurer, Wm, Donaldson, address 818 Cor
F dova Street West. Braifth sgent'i addreai:
Qeorge Faulkner, 576 Johnion Street, Victoria, B. 0.	
STREET AND BCB5TBJ0 RAILWAY EM*
ployees, Pioneer Diviiion, No. 101—MeeU
K. P. Hall, Eighth and Kingiway, Iat and
3rd Mondaya at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p-m. Pre-
| Lldent, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko Drive;
recording secretary, - F. B. Orlflln, 447—6th
iAve. East; treasurer. A F. Andrew; financial iecretary and buslneas agent, W, H. Cottrell, 166—17th Ave. W. Ofllce, oorner Prior
and Main Streets. Phone Fairmont 45047
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meote at 091 Nelson Street, at 11
».m. on the Tuosday preceding the 1st Sunday of the month. President, E. A. Jamie-
■son, 991 Nelson St.: Seoretary, 0. fl. Williams, 991 Nelaon St; Business Agent,   F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St. 	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 386—Presl.
dent, R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president. J.
>M. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands. P. 0. Bos 66. Meets last Sunday ot
eaeh month at 8 p.m. ln Holden Building, 14
Hastings Street Bast,
Personality
We have got to find a society that
will enable each Individual in the
community to be able to realizo* all
the expression of his personality, to
be able to use his gifts to the best advantage in order to add to the wealth
of the community and to make life a
much richer and fuller thing, says
Mr. Stephen, M.P.
Many Features at Orpheum
Trie variety is demonstrated thia
week 'in the wonderfully diversified
new vaudeville bill at the Orpheum.
There ls offered a bill of varied acts
that delights the hearts of kids of all
ages between aix and sixty. Ilrekar's
bear comedians are abaolutely the fun
nlest trained animals seen in Vancou
ver. There are four cinnamon and
two grizzly cubs. Then there is the
lavish mystery and Illusion act of the
Oreat Leon and company, who carry
a carload of effects. In rapid succession there are produced clever near-
miracles which make the audience
gasp with astonishment. "Fire and
water" is an Illusion entirely new and
unique.
Beautifully staged and lighted and
interpreted by a company of seven
artists "The China Blue Plate," in
three scenes Is a worthy heart-reaching story based on an old Chinese legend of a lovers' quarrel and Its consequences. Grette Ardlne. danseuse,
Is worth headline honors on any bill;
She produces "The French Model," a
dancing story, assisted by a capable
company. Charles Olcott ahd Polly
Ann In "Charlie's Songs," aided by
Eddie Lambert, and their flne song
recital Is featured by a two-piano duet
number immensely pleasing. Bobby
.Randall, blackface comedian, draws
upon a wealth of fun-making material
and succeeds for wholesale laughter.
He proves himself a better man than
Gunga Din. Truly Shattuck and
Emma O'Nell, with their "Odd Moments in a Vodvil Way," completely
capture the favor of their auditors,
with their laughs on life adroitly presented. The usual picture attractions!
and concert orchestra selections complete this splendid bill. The Orpheum
vaudeville season offers only three
more bills.
Organic Evolution
[Keeping ln mind that the beat is1
none too good for the readers of The
Federationist, it has been our good
fortune to obtain from the pen of
Prof. Charles Hill-Tout' a series of
articles on Organic Evolution, and to
have them written In a manner that
can be readily understood by the layman. It will be realized that the
writer of these articles can speak as
one with authority, when it is known
that the professor is a member of- the
executive committee of the American
School of Research, member of'the
American Archeologlcal Institute, Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada,
and of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain; that he was
a special investigator of'the British
Association for the Advancement of!
Science, and that he was a special lecturer through a long term of years for
the Archaeological Institute of America and travelled from ocean to ocean
pursuing his studies and presenting
their results before scientific bodies.—
Editor.]
s. c,
LAST SHOW SAT. NIGHT
BREKER'S BEARS
And a Tip-Top BIB of Vaudeville
Starting Wednesday Night
Majlnsis Thursday, triday, Saturday
A Bill Away Above Par In
Entertainment Valuo    '
BEEMAN and GRACE
RUSSELL  and   PIERCE
Clarence Nordstrom
(A SURPRISE ACT)
"World of Make Believe"
Conlin and Glass
Inez Courtney
Attractive Plctnrss  Ooncort Osehaatra
Nights SSe, 60a, 730, |11  Plus
Mat, Wsskday 14c, 28c, 36oV   t%
Mat. Saturday. 14c, 8Bc, ggej   Tax
PRINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION, No. 418—President, 8. D. Macdonald, eeoretary-treunrer, J, U. Oampbtll,
P. 0. Box S89. Meets last Thursday of noh
month.
With our low overhead
expense, we can save
you money.
Men's    Tan    Boots,    Goodyear
welt.   Special.. $*I.*IB
Men's  Tan  Work   Boot;   viscol
sole,     apeclal $-1.00
Gli-h' Whito Running Shoes, 11
to 2, at     50o
Brill Caps, Just in, at $2.25 and
•2.50.
Mon's Silk Sox, assorted colors,
at      JBc
Boys' Blue Serge Knickers, $1.25
Boys' Heavy Rtl> Cotton Hose, 6
to 10.   Special, 3 pairs....$1.00
Arthur Frith ft Co.
Mon's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boote and Shoes
2813 MAIN STREET
Between 7th and 8th avenues
Phone, Fairmont t i
[By Charles Hill-Tout,  F.  R.
s     F. R. A. I., Etc.]
(AU Eights Reserved)
WHEN rightly considered the his-
" tory of the progress of human
thought is essentially the history of
the succession and dominance of
ideas.
A very little reflection soon convinces one that the human mind is
ruled and controlled entirely by ideas.
Nothing is easier to demonstrate than
this fundamental truth.
One has only to cost one's thoughts
back over the history and development of religious conceptions, and recall the influence they have exercised
at all times, over men's minds and actions, to flnd abundant evidence of
the truth of this statement.
The progress of astronomy, physics,
chemistry, physiology, medicine, biology, and other sciences, all alike illustrate this succession of dominating
ideas.
Every now and again some outstanding genius, some superman,
arises who gives to the world some
illuminating concept — some great
generalization—which pours a flood of
light Into the dark places of the human understanding and makes intelligible and clear for us things and principles which before were dark and obscure. Such a superman was Newton.
His formulation of the law of gravitation brought such light and order
Into our conceptions of the universe,
that it can be Justly said of him that
before his time, the universe was
without form and void; and where
before was only darkness, light now*
shines.
To have perceived a law applicable
not only to terrestrial matter*, but also
to the planets and sun itnd ftli the
starry hosts of heaven, was assufc-.tttJ''
one of man's greatest achievements.
Such an accomplishment makes manifest, In part, at least, the marvellous
powers which lie dormant in the human mind awaiting unfoldment. And
while there has been no lack of geni-
uses-slnce Newton's time, there Is perhaps only one other who ranks with
him In the wide influence his conception has exercised in the domain of
human thought, and that ls that re*
markable personality of the last century—Charles Darwin.
Darwin's great generalization—organic evolution—ranks equally with
Newton's Law of Gravitation in its
illuminating and unifying power. Not
a single department of human knowledge is now free from Its pervasive
influence; and although Darwin ap
piled the evolutionary principle more
particularly to the problems of bio
logy, in the hands of others, it has
proved a master-key to the solution
of a host of other problems, and has
brought light and understanding in
other departments of human thought
where before was only a confused and
perplexing mass of seemingly Isolated
and unrelated facts.
The Doctrine of Evolution, taken
in Its widest application, is, indeed,
even a greater discovery than Newton's; for it <is the law of laws—the
foundational principle cf the universe
—gravitation itself being included
within the sphere of Its activity. Nothing in the universe seems exempt
from the operation of the law of evolution, nnd nothing Illumines the dark
plnces of our humnn understanding so
much, or enables us to realize so clearly and fully tho powor and transcendence of that Intelligent and Creative
Principle which lies behind, and is
Imminent In all exlstonco, as this universal law of evolution, or unfoldmont.
Of late we have been witnessing, in
certain quarters, and particularly in
tho Eastern States of the American
Union, a curious recrudescence or revival of that blind, unreasoning prejudice against the Doctrine of Evolution which first met Darwin's formulation of his great law. So bitter have
boen the attacks, nnd so false and
misleading the statements of the leaders of this movement, In respect of the
prosent status in Science of the Doctrine of Evolution, that the executive
of the American Association for the
Advance of Science—the most learned
nnd the most representative of all the
scientific bodies on this continent—
thought lt desirable, In the-Interest of
sclontlflc truth, to Issue at one of their
recent meetings a public manifesto,
declaring thnt men or science everywhere regarded the Doctrlno of Organic Evolution as one of the most
Illuminating and firmly-established of
truths known to modern science.
These childish and- futile attacks-
sponsored for the most part by persons without scientific training who
have no real knowledge of what the
Doctrine of Organic Evolution stands
for, and who commonly confound, the
Indisputable fn< t of evolution with the
fnct ors by which lt operates—a wholly different problem which science
frankly admits is not yet fully solved
■—have had at least one satisfactory
rosult. They have aroused in the public mind a new and deeper Interest in
the subjeot of evolution, which is seen
to declare Itself in a desire on the part
of a number of persons to make themselves acquainted with the nature and
character of the evidence upon which
the Doctrine of Organic Evolution has
been established.
It Is this desire bo commonly expressed by the choice of subjects
taken up in our Open. Forums, our debating societies and elsewhere which
has prompted the writing of this series
of articles; the purpose of which is to
enable the readers of The B. C. Federationist who may be interested in
the subject, but who have neither the
time nor the necessary training to
make a first-hand study of the matter
for themselves, to become ^acquainted
in some measure, at least, with the
character of the evidence upon which
[.science has founded the doctrine of
organic evolution, with the least expenditure of time and effort on their
own part. And they may rest assured,
that nothing will be stated in these
articles which Is not generally held
by our leading authorities or which
has not received the sanction of science.
And now let us here at the start,
come to a clear understanding of JuBt
what is meant by the term "Organic
Evolution." Thia is Important, for no
term seems to have been more mis-1
understood than this, and much con
fusion and needless controversy haB
arisen as a consequence.
By Organic Evolution, then, we
mean the gradual unfolding and
branching out into a multitude of dl
vergent forms, of a Bingle, prlmal'life
germ, which came into existence on
this globe, or which manifested itself
here, in the dawn of earth history.
In other words, that the stream of
life haB been continuous and unbroken from the flrst appearance of organic forms on this planet down to
our own times; and further, that every
living form* that has ever existed
in past times or which now exists—
man himself Included—has arisen
from, and ls genetically related to,
some earlier pre-existing form.
This Ib the law of life as conceived
by Darwin and applied by him to the
problems of biology; and this Is what
we understand arid mean by the term
"Organic Evolution."
ThiB conception of life and of living things opposes itself directly, as
will readly be seen, to the so-called
Mosaic story of the .creation and flfgf
appearance of life-forms on this globe,
as related in the two first chapters of
the Hebrew Scriptures. It is nonetheless worthy of careful coAstderd-
tion on that account.
VlSwed in this way, Organic Evolution id fift<m to be nothing more than
a specific case of the much wider and
more general law of evolution, we may
perceive in operation throughout the
whole universe. And that such a
general law exists and Is universally
applicable has been made abundantly
clear, during the past quarter of a
century, ln relation to the constitution
of the heavenly bodies generally, and
of our own world in particular.
Modern Astronomy has advanced so
rapidly of late years that astronomer
are now able to show us worlds In the
making; and we may perceive and understand how such bodies as our own
Bun arise by gradual development or
evolution from the diffused and in
visible star-dust of space to visible
nebulous masses; and from these
whirling and condensing bodies again
to individual suns and planets. We
may now actually watch the process
of world-making stage by stage; for
in the Immensities of space there are
unnumbered bodies In every phase of
development or evolution, from condensing Btar-dust to such mighty orbs
as Betelgeuse, and from these to declining and darkening suns. We are
told there are as many of these latter
which have run their course, as of
luminous bodies. We even know the
present phase through which our own
sun is passing. We are certain that it
has long-since reached the zenith of
Its splendour as a luminous body, and
Is now gradually sinking Into the obscurity of old nge, and will one day
become one of the dark and Invisible
bodios of space. In a very real sense
we may apeak of the celestial bodies
of space as passing through their
periods of birth, youth, maturity, old
age, and finally, decay. They do all
this in their own way ns surely as do
tho forms of life on our earth. Evolution, the Inw of endless, unfolding
and integrating chunge, is everywhere
the law of existence.
In the same way tbo science of terrestrial phyrtlcs Illustrates this same
general law of evolution-.. Matter Is
now no longer regarded as that ln-
destructlblo substance or entity It was
formerly thought to be. We now
know that It can vanish out of existence or be transformed Into something
from which all the known characteristics and properties of matter have
disappeared. Instend of being distinct from energy—a something to be
influenced and affected by it—In its
last analysis It now becomes one with
energy Itself; the two entitles being
but different phases of one and the
same thing—that invisible and Intangible something, the great physicist,
Lodge, has called, tho Ether of Space;
matter being now regarded as the
static expression of this unseen substratum of the universe nnd energy as
Its dynamic expression.
Out of this primeval womb of nature, the source of both matter and
energy,'we may thus perceive how our
material universe has boon cnlled Into
being, and been built up stage by
stage. In other words, how it has
been evolved from something relatively simple and primordial to its
present complex and multifarious condition.   First appear those primal ele
ments of matter we call electrons and
protons. These combining in groups
make up and constitute, according to
their number and configuration, the
different substances known to chemistry. These are the "atoms" of matter. Groups and combinations of
these make up and constitute the
molecules or larger particles of matter, and these combining again make
up the molar forms of matter familiar to our senses.
Thus, wherever we look in the universe, we flnd the law of evolution ls
being manifested by the operations we
perceive going on there.
*, It is this very character of universality which manifests Itself so widely that forms ane of the strongest
arguments on behalf of the Doctrine)
of Organic Evolution. It creates in
our minds a strong presumption wholly in its favor; for it ia quite unreasonable to suppose that what is ob-;
served taking place everywhere else
ln the universe, Is Inoperative in, and
excluded from, that particular portion of it we term the realm of or-!
ganlc matter. Our reason rebels
against such a view.
And now, having demonstrated the
reasonableness of the Doctrine of Organic Evolution, we will pause here
and take up the argument again along
another line in the next article.
(To be continued)
RECONSTRUCTION
(Continued from last week)
[By O. L.  C]
TMiE beat example of reconstruction
yet seen ln Canada is the national
debt. On armistice day, ft is said to
have been $1,382,000. It is now at
leatst doubled. According to a recent
Toronto dispatch, the federal and
provincial debts combined, amount to
$500 for every person In Canada. A
recent advertisement in the Vancouver press quoted the debts of certain
British Columbia municipalities at
nearly $250 per head, so we each and
every one of us owe about $760, At
6 per cent, lt meana that the man of
the houae has to pay interest amounting to $187.60 per year in perpetuity
It seems, if\he have a wife and three
olive branches.
This condition of affairs Is a necessary part of the capitalist system.
Without It, one great section of the
capitalist class would be deprived of
its means of life. How sad to think
of it.
To suggest therefore that a government, r£fyr£8*mtive of capitalistic In-
terete- sjiquh) t$Kg on the Job of rearranging affairs'of ffi? t.?"!.*1? «£
thai the debt would bear no interest,
yet would have full value tn assets
behind it, is tp suggest that the capitalistic system commit suicide. One
cannot imagine them doing it.
In 1921-22, the Oliver government
voted $500,000 as their share (one-
third) of the relief money doled out
that winter. One significant fact was
that it could not be used by
the municipalities ln any constructive way. It was cheaper for a
municipality to give the money nway
than to carry on relief works. Not a
trace of It remains except a memory.
The*concIusIon is plain. We can-|
not expect a capitalist government to
do It for us. We will have to do It
for ourselves. Send reinforcements
to Woodsworth snd Irvine at Ottawa;
to Guthrie and Neelands at Victoria,
and send them In such numbers that
they can be effective.
Any plan of reconstruction demands
flrst a comprehensive knowledge of
the needs of the people on the one
hand, and of the natural resources
and the means of converting them
into useful products on the other
hand. Almost all of the data needed
is already In the hands of the governments. Enough of the country's resources are also in thetr hands to enable them to make a start.
The Dominion of Canada, the province of British Columbia, and some
of the other provinces own railways
und other ways Of transportation, and
own or control landB, forests minerals, etc., accessible from railway or
river. They also have oceans of fish
as well as other resources.
They all have Idle men. Can they
not see their duty to bring the two together? Generally the "back to the
land" Idea means getting out in the
wilderness, grubbing out a bunch of
stumps, enough to make room for a
few spuds, a fow chickens and a very
few years of It is enough for most
peoplo, What Is needed Is a back to
the land movement so co-ordinated
lhat all the resources may bo used to
provide material for all tho varied
capabilities and kinds'"- of skill avail-j
able In the human element concerned.
The principle has been admitted in
part by the creation of .such bodies as
the harbor commissioners. Even a
superficial survey of their activities1
shows that they directly (and Indirectly through creations of theirs)
many men of many trades and callings; some skilled and some unskilled.
They can bo said to be quite successful. $
An extension of this principle, conducted on a non-lnterost bearing plan,
as outlined In a previous article, would
be a good start on a genernl scheme|
reconstruction of one side of our
existonce. the Industrial, Il must,
however, be large enough to employ
every man or woman who neods employment.
A SPECIAL
HOOVER
FOR a limited time only we will
place a Hoover in your home for
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The balance you can pay in equal
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this is an opportunity that hundreds of people having
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for with a Hoover you can spring clean without any fuss
at all—and you do it more efficiently end in quicker time,
No need to take up the carpets or rugs—the Hoover will
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Labor and the Poets
BLAKE THE ANARCHIST
[Frances Wills]
pERTAINLY William Blake was on
the side of us who rebel against
the  present  order—.f/ngft^ ^ call
ourselves -socialists, communists ot
laborltes. For he was an anarchist;
he was against law and order as we
know them, To him, law and order
as they exist til thd world, were dull
and evil and maintained by fear, envy
and selfi_-Hn6s«; (Surely, we agree).
He could trust kin Ifltftliiets; He needed no outside force for thii trUH man
is a law unto himself.
Blake's religion is most interesting.
conservative worships a dead radical.**
This is almost laughable; lt is cheering to know that what is scoffed at as
Insane radicalism today, will be th*
accepted opinion of tomorrow. Jesus,
Buddha, Wycliffe, Luther were radicals ln their day. .Thst **$ ^s VPflWr
Btand them *v£ttQf tl0Vfi H0 are we
learu'ing to understand the poets—r
Blake among them, We ftr? learning
something ot his love for all life—'
life in all its careless and Joyous
manifestations; something of his np'
preciation of Its beauty and seeing
with new eyes Its details. Though
we may neither appreciate nor understand Blake's mysticism whtch was
largely influenced by gwedenborg, we
cannot fail to be delighted Wtth hla
"Songs of Innocence and Experience,"
and like him, "see a world In a grain
of sand; and a heaven in a wild flower; hold infinity in the palm of your
Like Shelley,  he regarded state nnd I "and, and eternity in an hour.
church, king and priest as types of
hateful tyranny and repression, yet
one can call Blake a Christian, while
Shelley was an athelat. Blake, at
least, believed In the religion of Jesus,
the "religion of continued forgive
ness," he called lt. The question of
what we shall believe would be answered by the poet thus: "We have all
the wonders of sense and imagination,
and what man could rejoice in an unknown world (heaven) who finds no
pleasure In field and sky?" Again,
ho writes: "He who would do good
must do It in minute particulars; gen
eral good ls the plea of thc scoundrel, the hypocrite and flatterer
Like all the revolutionary poets, he
loves freedom; he Ib, In fact, "the liv
Ing spirit of freedom, and therefore,
rebellion." Unlike most of us, ntus-
who are drilled and exercised into
other people's interpretations who
cannot look at life on our own account. He sympathizes with the repression of children when he says:
"How can the bird thut is born for
Joy, sit In a cage and sing? How can
a child when fears annoy, but droop
his tender wing, and forget his youthful spring?" Blake would hove to
write those words today, wei'e he
alive.
The   poet   gives  us another  saying
which we can apply to our own time.
He says: "It Is not the Cloths nor the
monks that desolate Europe with war;
it Is the classics."    We might sny this
exaggeration    and    blame all
three.    Hut our adhesion to old Ideas;
Tibetan    oxelusiveness   nre    undoubtedly the main muses.    Consortium is a fault.    Yet remember as
someone   has  remarked:
CITY Or VANOOUVER
Tenders for Making
Uniforms
THE UNDERSIGN ED will HOfilvo tenden
up tn 5 o'clock p.m. Tucitday, April 15,
1924, tor making Kirc. Police, Electrical end
Health Department Uniforms. A marked
cheque for Ihe (turn of $.100 muni accompany
tender.
■Specifications and tender (onus can he *>h-
talned at my office.
JAMES STUART,
Purchasing Agent,
But Blake, the mystic, the prophet,
like all of us, was disillusioned to
some extent. Life was not all good,
and there was a problem of good and
evil. He saw the miseries of his day
(and ours):
"Is this a holy thing to see
In a rich and fruitful land.
Babe:, reduced to misery.
Dead     with     cold     and     usurous
hand?"
he writes. And he Beea the bigotry of
religion and the cruelty of the law,
and with hia boldness and consistency,
attacks them all—the "Mind-forged
Manacles."
And he saw the workers' plight.
Writing In England In honor of Mil-
ton, the poet, he says:
"And did those feet in ancient time
Walk upon England's mountains green
. . . On Sflgland's pleasant paat*
urea Heen?"
And iti.l the countenance divine,
Shine fui'ih upon our clouded lulls,
Aud was Jerusalem bullded here
Am.nig thut dark Satanic Sll lis?
I will not cease from mental light
Nor shall   my  sword  sleep  in   my
hand.
Tilt we have built Jerusalem
In   England's   green   and   pleasant
land.
Workers, we who ran perceive his
moaning and catch a glimpse of his
vision (and we must bave vision)—
here In this last verse Is an encouragement for us.
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable etftlstanco by renewing their subscriptions ns soon ■■
Ihey are due, and by Inducing another
. worker to subscribe. It docs not take
Your  true [ much effort to do this.   Try It.
Britannia Beer
Can't Be Beat
THE NAME TELLS YOU THAT
THE LABEL STANDS FOR PURITY
NO-iK itirni-.u MADE
Govornment storm In British Columbia always liavo a Roodly supply
of IlKITANNIA lll'.till.     Tlio rest Is up to you.     Order "Britannia"
Boer, and be sure your order Is tilled exactly. PAGE FOUR
sixteenth year, no. 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vAncovvm. _.a
FRIDAY April 4,  1824.
( mc
Labor
(Continued from page 1)
with the information that only tentative arrangements had been made, but
that Delegate Pritchard had been retained as editor and Delegate Watts
as business manager. "With the handicaps under which they were laboring, he said, it would be impossible to
publish before the 18th inst,, even
should Ihey desire to go ahead. Although given authority to proceed
when they had the sum of $500 in
sight, the committee had no recommendation to make.
Delegate Watts reported progress,
and said that many of the advertisers
were holding off until they saw what
the paper was to be like.
Delegate from the Molders said his
organization were withholding their
support because the Federated Labor
party had takon over The Federationist, and thoy felt there was not room
lor two labor papers.
Delegate Flynn outlined the early
stages of negotiations, whereby they
were to take over the Longshoremen'B
Strike Bulletin, and continue this without cessation, following the settlement
of the hitter's strike. It was the idea
to continue the paper along the same
lines as the Bulletin, which seemed
lo ill I the bill very nicely, and to retain Delegate Pritchard as editor.
Delegate Jamleson decried the lack
of information available from the
committee who had the matter in
charge.
j A lively discussion eiwued, the trend
of which showed that labor was by no
means united on the advisability of
issuing a newspaper along the lines
of the Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin, fathered by the longshoremen
■during*^ the conduct of their recent
strike.
Despite the failure of the committee
to offer any recommendation, a motion that they be authorized to proceed, with Delegate Prltchard as part-
time editor, was finally carried. a      /
TUBBY If Uncle Herb Has The Crust To Try This, He Ought To Get Rich      By WINNER
MV UNCLE HERB,
WHAT HAS THE
FARM IS VISITIN'
AT OUR HOUSE
*if*
DID HE BRING
VOOTHEBVSICKUl
HE SAID HE'D
GET VOU WHE.H
.HE GOT RICH?
V»EU,HE DUmTttT
RICH YET, HE WAS
TRYIN6VRAISE
A NEW KIMD OF PIE
OH HIS fARM 80T
HESAIDSUOTHIMG
WENT WRONG WITH IT/
— -p '
6EEWHI77ERS-]
V'OOH'T RAISE
PIE ON A
. FARM-YW
HAVTABOVEM
IM A BAKERY
(■
BUT THIS IS A AEW
*1NDA PIE-VOUHAVTA
APIA EGGPLANT AN'
A MILK WEED TOGETHER
TGET CUSTARD Pfe
JOT IT DIDN'T WORK
*f\
_A**?*^>
Farmer Problems
(Continued from page 1)
overthrowing ah economic system
which has outgrown its usefti Incss,
and which Is ready for the discard.
The time Is rotten ripe for a Farmer-
Labor party, and no other can lead ub
out of the Industrial swamp in which
we are at present floundering. Without the socialist phisosophy, the farmer will get nowhere, and without
the aid of the agricultural population, labor alone has not the strength
to win. Each may still preserve its.
identity, .and yet work with the other
for a common cause, the overthrow of
capitalism. The hammer and sickle
are prophetic emblems.
Women Mast Organize
HII |ii|i|.H
*"»»H"»
Somebody has said that you cannot
tinker with economic laws. Unfortunately you can.—James Maxton, M.P.
Patronlie Federationlit advertisers.
Plan Your Trip
Early .
Every Assistance Offered
Reservations and Passports
Secured    ,
' TOURIST   ANU   TRAVEL   BUREAU
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PIXJIUSrS AND NURSERVMEN
48 Hut__ci Stnet Beat       t—8T0RBS—_        tM Granule street
Sej. M8-«7J "SAY IT WITB FLOWBB8 " Sty. M1S-1M1
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
^ McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
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Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
pmm*m0ma*mmwmmmmm**m%
i
Ask for
i
"OLD ENGLISH"
Pale Ale
A fcUodfed, flu flmred Ale
Unt will eampaM In quality with
auy et Has nuiwwii Imported
dv, and at modi tea coot to the
I
___
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British Columbia.
At all GormnM* Tendon
ia not pnfaUafaed « diaphyed by
\\ff tatt  UOfCTDlOtOt   OT
*a*m_#****i*^^
f
A Worker'H letter
Dear Micky,—Thank you for the
letter you never sent. I know you
think I'm a fathead for leaving
Blighty; but a rolling stone gathers
no moss, and personally I'd sooner
not gather moss—whatever that
means.   So write.
I managed to get work in & big
department store, and "digs" in
small boarding house, but I found
after a week that by the time I'd
paid for my board, car tickets, face
cream and rouge (to say' nothing of
hairpins) and dutifully given church
collection, I'd very little left for—I
say, my mind, or for pleasure. I
i now I've got a room and I look
afteu my own "grub." True, I bark
my shins or skin, my elbows or break
some thing every time I cook or clean,
because my "cube" is so small, but
that's nothing. I'm compensated,
though; my artistic soul rejoices in
the landlady's texts. My favorite is,
"Never do today what you can put off
until tomorrow." No, I've got it muddled;  no matter, though.
I work from 8:30 until 5:30 in a
dress department. Part of the time
I'm so busy that I get all tied up ln
a knot; the rest of the time I'm bored
stiff. I try to amuse myself by speculating about Jean's false hair, or the
boss's home or the holes in the manager's socks. Oh, I'd love to smuggle
In a "penny dreadful" to read; but I
daren't.
" Sometimes the airy, graceful scented creatures who do their shopping In |
the morning, "get my goat." , They're
so darned supercillious and inconsiderate. Sometimes, I wonder why their,
lives are so full of the beautiful things
only while ours are so drab, so uninteresting. I'm not envious; I only
wonder.
The afternoon people are just as
provoking. One woman brought jn a
brood of youngsters and had me flt
them with the Lord knows how many
dresses. Then she departed without
buying anything. Some women are
the giddy limit. Another looked
through all the blue dresses she could
flnd; then her sister reminded her
she'd already got one. But, you know,
Micky, you can't blame them; they've
to consider every dollar, but still—
Oh dear, I get so tired; my poor!
feet nearly on strike; my head aching,
with the bustle and stuffiness; my
mouth opening and shutting in big
yawns at my pretence of being busy,
and interested sometimes. And the
air gets frightfully hot and devitalised
In these stores. Now do you see why
girls insist on rouge?
Well, a few days' experience haB
shown me that we girls earn all we
get—and more.
That reminds me: I've chummed up
with a queer 'osity who has the next
room. I thought at first she had a
slate loose, but I don't now. She's
always harping on the fact that working girlp should organize and form
unions. I wanted to know why, and
she said, "you chump! You'd get your
rights then; shorter hours, minimum
wage at least, better conditions, less
unemployment, and a fund to back
you up ln the enforcement of these
or in case of strikes." Thnt reminds
me, we are forbidden to disclose the
amount of our salaries. Perhaps that
ls to evade the minimum wage act;
I don't know, though.
I was so tired that I didn't hear all
she snld. She wanted me to go to a
meeting about socialism or labor, but
I told her I was fagged out and wanted to forget business for a few houra.
She seemed to understand. She said,
"No, I guess you can't be expected to
work out your own salvation; your
education haB been wrong; everything
Is wrong, Someone's got to go ahead
for you,"
I felt sorry afterwards when I realized she worka all the hours Odd
■ends, and yet finds time to think and
work for ub girls. So I'm going with
her next time, and I'll tell you all
about tt.
Now I'm going to roost, good night,
sweet chuck, your loving slater,
LIZZIE.
P. R—Don't get the Idea that we're
a lazy bunch who want all for nothing.   We don't mind work,
P. P. S.—Glad our town beat Liverpool at soccer.
Labor's Policy—Burdens Imposed
by Oreat War Increases
As Tears Pass
THE   SITUATION  IN   CHINA
Empire  Emigration
"Loyalty" and "economy" are fash
lonabte and popular words very much
mlBU&ed nowadays by many politicians. Why not use antonyms such
as "unalllgrant," "rebellious," "pro*
dfgallty," "waste," "maladministration," etc.? They would explain the
whole truth better.
Si-mi In Your lluiullc Orders Now
Prices for The n. C. Federationist
ordered in bundle..: Fifty for $2, 100
for $3.60, 500 for $10.   Mailed tn any
add reus.
Politicians Realize What Honest
Diplomacy Means to National Welfare
[By C. Birch Crisp]
|V|R. WINSTON CHURCHILL'S gibe
at labor that it could not govern,
will be disproved when labor in office
resolves the legacy of errors in for
eign policy which it Inherited from Its
predecessors. In some Quarters a Plea
Is advanced for continuity in foretgii
policy, irrespective of which party is:
in power. Those who speak in that1
strain are evidently out of touch with
popular opinion. Lord Orey is credited with the view that popular Interest in foreign affairs and British diplomacy Ib dwindling. His lordship is
mistaken; all intelligent politicians of
both sexes realize nowadays the 'bearing which sound policy and honest
diplomacy have upon national welfare.
The burdens imposed by the great
war upon all classes of the community press more heavily as each year
passes. Consequently the diplomacy
which preparedthe way for England's
participation in the war will be scrutinized more thoroughly with the passage of time.
The majority of the British people
may think that England's participation, was inevitable, but an Increasing
number ot merchants and bankers ask
that ln future sufficient warning shall
be given them when engagements are
made which conflict with the trend of
recognized national policy. Up to the
end of July, 1914, the doctrine of non-
participation in a continental war by
England was regarded by most people
as axiomatic. Lord Orey gave the
public no indication of any change of
national policy until too late.
From the labor government candor
Is expected. Prompt redemption of a
pledge has already shown itself In the
recognition of Russia, The trading
community looks for realistic treatment of outstanding problems connected with other countries.
China complains, with reason, of
delay in the settlement of many questions which affect the Chinese at heme
and their right to control their own
destinies. Our, relations with China
have grown increasingly difficult, be
cause a policy wholly at variance with
constitutional usage was adopted by
Lord Orey and continued by his successors in the post of foreign secretary,
China set up a republic which disappointed anticipations and produced
succession of weak governments,
Advantage of the situation was taken
by some international bankers to obtain a monopoly of Chinese financial
business, and restrictions were imposed upon the Chinese government's
activities in western money markets
which produced Inevitable default.:
Under Lord Grey the process was con
fined to an understanding arrived at
between varloua European chancellories and the Japanese government.!
Parliamentary sanction was not asked:
in England, and outalde a very limited I
circle nothing was known of the arrangements entered into,
Subsequently the late President
Wilson approved the making of a ban-
king combination to embrace England, America, France and Japan,
which had for Ua avowed object the
grant of loans to China. But China
was not consulted, and the people's]
resentment at an endeavor to exercise
tutelage over the Pekin government
killed the plan.
the combination of aelected financiers and bankers of the other countriea named was called a consortium,
It has not functioned, but It has retained the support of the foreign office, notwithstanding the loss to Brit*
Ish creditors of" China and the crippling effect upon trade which default
brings In Its train.
Pekin will not evolve a strong government until the Chinese enjoy the
right to negotiate loans ln the open
market, Investors the world over may
be rolled upon to exact security and
to protect themselves. The British
government cannot protect Its nation
alH by the grant af a monopoly to selected persons and Institutions, nor
by Imposing Impediments to normal
diplomatic; relations.
In the European sphere the labor
government can bring order out of
ohaos by exhibiting to the public the
real situation. The old school or dl
plomnts have failed to effect n cun
of Europe's Ills.
M. Poincare promised what neither
[C. Lorimer]
T3ECENTLY it was our privilege to
*" read in the Daily Province an S. O.
S. call for something to be done to
save our empire. Emigration was
suggested as the remedy. Now, the
English folk are a civilized people.
They gain their food by tolling in
factories, mills and mines, but for the
most part, they suffer from lack of
shelter. The greater number of them
are vilely housed, do not have sufficient fuel to keep them warm, and are
Insufficiently clothed. A constant
number have no shelter at all, the sky
being their only canopy. Many are
found shivering ln the streets, both
winter and summer, in rags. In good
times, many do not get enough to eat.
In bad times, they die of starvation.
They are dying now of starvation, and
will continue so to do, for under the
present system, they suffer from a
chronic state of starvation. There are
about 42,000,000 of the English folk,
and out of every 1000, over 900 die of
poverty, while a constant army of 8,-
000,000 struggle on the verge of starvation all the while. This is a conservative estimate of the numbers.
The English, or if anyone objects,
the Britisher, Ib worse off than the
savages. In this connection, it might
be well to quote Huxley. From the
knowledge he gained as a medical officer ln the east end of London, and
as a scientist pursuing investigations
among the most elemental savages, he
concludes: "Were the alternative presented to me, I would deliberately
prefer the life of the savage to that
of those people in Christian London."
Now, to suggest that emigration
wll] solve the problems of Qreat Britain, shows a lack of understanding,
not only of what empires are made
of, but of the workings of our whole
social and economic structure. The
system we live under allows a few
people to own the natural resources
of the earth, and thereby controlling
the Uvea of millions of' the oommon
people. That system ultimately allows the nation which can sell its products the cheapest In the world'e markets, to develop Into the largest empire. But this can only be done by
bringing the workera of that nation
to a low standard of living.
So now, the facta that the political
machine known as the British
empnre la running down, and
emigration within the empnre will
not relieve the condition. Bringing
some of these miserable folk to Canada will only hasten the down-grade
of the people here already. We are
well under way now, lf we can Judge
by our permanent bread lines and of
the number of mothers who have to
leave their children at publlo institutions while they hire themselves out
to work scrubbing floors, so that they
and their children might live. Canada Is under the control of those who
uphold the proflt system.
The remedy lies in the reorganizing
of society. It is interesting to note Jn
this connection, that the BrltlBh people are gradually taking the control
from  those   who  have   made  their
homeland a shamble. A labor gov-1
ernment sits in the house of commons and, although not in power, it
soon will be. Let the workers of
Canada get in line and elect their own
representatives. Then we can work
ln conjunction with the British labor
party for a real emigration policy,
which will really be of beneflt to, the
workers, and not operated solely jn
the Interests of a few capitalist and
transportation companies. The Province quoted Carlyle In the article referred to, as having pleaded for a
permanent bridge for emigrants, eo
that they might cross to the colonies.
We might also quote Carlyle in this
connection, "You will have to admit
that the working body of this rich
English nation has sunk or is fast
sinking Into a state, to which, all sides
of it considered, there was never any
parallel. We must some day pass
from political government to industrial administration, from competition
ln Individualism, to individuality in
co-operation."
he nor any statesman could perform.
French eyes are opened now to realities, and the right atmosphere for an
all-round settlement exists.
Labor in office is numerically weak,
hut its endeavors to remove the causes
of International enmity should be supported by the liberal party, both inside and outside parliament.
A reconciled Europe with re-started factories and transport freed from
arbitrary restrictions at state borders
would lead to demand for raw products which would beneflt the dominions enormously, and enhance
their buying capacity correspondingly.
In short, the solution of the domes
tic problems—slack trade and unemployment—is dependent upon the
measure of success Which labor in
ofllce oan attain In the sphere of for-
*Ign affairs.
o_m
MUSICIANS'
UNION UBEL
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE IO THE
MC8IOIAN8' LABEL.
Patronize Federatloniat advertisers.
W. WILSON
Loggen aad Surveyors
BOOTS
Made to Order
Onr Specialty
Repairing Neatly Done
28 WATER STREET
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Phone, Seymoar (36
WE CATER TO THE LABOR
MAN
-CARDS FOR-
WHIST DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Plumes: Sey. 7421,4490
fivo Hundred Boon Tableta, SOe eaoh
Court Whist Cards, 15c per down; fl.26 per 100
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OP    THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS AT  THE  dOVERNJIBNT STORES
OOIJJ LABM,
15.TI____.01_D
Aak fer OATTO'S.    For Ml* at aB Government Liquor Stone
nil adwtuuuat la aat paUlilM or dliplaytd _y tta Ut.es oeatral Butt et
by tta Onuiaut at arm* ClMba
Yon Can Save
Some Money
■■ —m    i i. i    Tim _ *■■-■•■-■■■.•-      ■■■■?.. -....WW.. .
tt
TheRt
\eaoons Why
a
"One reason why" a good looking brown calfskin
boot, made on a wide, roomy last, costs so little. It
is all solid leather and will wear well. We have all
sizes for Saturday selling,
at, per pair.
$5.00
"Another reason why" Paris plain toe work boots
of soft black chrome make good buying. They arc
hand-madet and H&vfe a special slugged sole to increase the wear. Our Af» f|f|
price, per pair .*^U# WW
"Still another reason why" boys' black and brown
blucher cht shoes are genuine value. They iti all
solid leather, tnd have "hull dog'1 chrome soles.
Our Saturday price,
per pair -. L	
"And yet another reason why" ladies' black dongola HbuSe Slippers are (tiling so cheap. They are
our regular $2.75 quality, A|  Q(J
on sale Saturday at «JI Ji a«/0
"The fifth reason why" a ladies' brown calfskin
oxford with Cuban heel and neat toe is good buying.
A smart long wearing shoe. A(J Q(J
Saturday, per pair SpOeSrO
PIERRE PARIS
51 Hastings West

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