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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 15, 1918

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Array THE
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 7
WILL SIT ON CAPITAL
STEPS TILL THEY
•   ARE HEARD
Delegation From Minimum
Wage League to Force
An Interview
ISH COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL PAPER!   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOB
POLITICAL UNITY:   VIOTOB1
T PAGES
^VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 15,
(!■ Vancoumv
City, $2.00 /
$1.50 PER YEAR
Premier Brewster Does Not
Desire They Should Be
Given Hearing
A delegation of womon wage-workers,
representing tho .Minimum Wage
League will go to Victoria tho latter
part of this month and insist on getting
a hearing from the government The
leagao has beon notilled that it iB not
tho desire of Premier Browstor to give
them a hearing, under the pretence that
there is n rush of work. Tho women
of tho leaguo do not think thero Is
anything quite so important beforo tho
government that they should be put
off. Delegation after delegation is being heard, bo why uot they, iB tho way
they look at it. Tho decision to send
a delegation was mado at tho meeting
in the Labor Temple Friday night, The
situation was thoroughly discussed before any decision was reached.
Asked yostorday what they intondod
to do if the govornment refused them
a hearing, Mias Helena Gutteridge
said: "We will Bit on tho stcpB of the
parliament buildings until we nro
heard.''
Although the first plank in the platform of Mrs. Ralph Smith, tho only
woman legislator, is for a minimum
wage for womon, the officials and members of the leaguo tako tho view that
unloss Mrs, Smith, who wob elected (is
an "independent," can get tho backing of tho govornment, any measures
which sho may advoento will not be
carried out. The leaguo desires that
tho government bring in a minimi nm
wago act, and make it operative this
year. They aro afraid that the government intends to dodgo tho subject,
cithor by not bringing it forward nt
all or by making it so lato that it cannot bo dealt with at this sossion.
That strong pressure agninst a mini-
wage enactment will bo brought to
bear on tho governmont Bocma to bo
nssurod, because of the fact that many
largo establishments now nre paying
wages Insufficient for women to keep
thomselvos decently.
Warehousemen Will Mett
Another maBS mooting of warehousemen will bo held at the Labor Templo
on Fob. 22, The last meeting was a big
snecess, and the next is expected to bo
greater.
LOCAL
Popular Manager of Or'gum Theatre
Honored by Members of the
Musicians' Union
Last Sunday an interesting event
took place at the meeting of Musisians'
Union local 145, when James Pilling,
manager of the Orpheum theatre, was
presented with aa addross and a bcanti-
ful silver casserole, as an expression of
tho appreciation of organized musicians
for Mr. Pilling's interest in and kindness to musicians and organized labor
generally. The presentation speech was
mndo by Bro. Edward Cox, and President F. B, Weaver occupied the chair.
Vancouver Union Sending
Its Secretary as Delegate to Washington
Definite Btopa toward tho organization of an international union for Civic
Firemen, to be chartored by the Amcri
can Foderation of Labor, will bo taken
at Washington, D. C, beforo March 1.
Mr. G, J. Richardson, socrotary of
tho Vancouver Firomon's union, will
leavo on Monday next to attend, as a
delegate, a continent-wido convention
at Washington, which will meot thero
on Feb. 26.
Thero will be sixty-ilvo locals repre-
scntcd and as Boon aa organization of
tho international is completed a big
campaign of organization will bo com-
meuced all over Amorica.
Delegato Richardson expects to bo
absent about threo weeks, and of
course, his Vancouvor friends, aad they
aro legion, will expect him to return
as an internotional officer,
Shipyards Helpers Change Name
A special meoting of the Shipyard
Laborers will bo hold at tho Labor
Templo tonight to receivo tho new charter which changos thoir title to "Shipyard Laborers, Riggers and Fasteners."
The charter is from tho International
Longshoremen's Association.
Pursuit of Proflt Perverts People
Thero is a profound truth, the forco
of which mankind is only now beginning to realize, that tho pursuit of
profits will transform natures inherently cnpnblo of m,uch good into sordid,
cruel beasts of pi'ey, nnd accustom thyn
to committing actions so despicable, so
inhuman, that t'hoy would bo terrified
wero it not tii at the. world is under
sway of tho profit system and not mere
ly excuses and condones, but justifies
and throws a glamor about, tho unutterable degredations and erimes which
the proiit system calls forth.—Myers"
History of Great Fortunes.
Political Parties in Russia
By N. Lenin
(Translated ln Winnipeg and Published for the First Time, in English, ln The Voice]
Aids to an understanding of tho proposed platform drawn up by L. Lenin for
discussion at Bolsheviki meetings. The printing of tho proposed platform has
thus far been held only by the insufficient typographical resources of Petrograd,
The following is an attempt to formulate, first, the moro important, nnd second;
tho less important, of the quostions und answers characteristic of tho present
situation in Russia, and of thc attitude the various parties tako to the present
state of affairs.
QUESTIONS
1.   What are the chief groupings of political parties In Russia?
ANSWERS
* «s{a)    {Moro to the right than tho Cadets) Parties and groups moro right than
"'the Constitutional Democrats.
(b) (Cadets). Constitutional Democratic Pnrty (Cadets, tho National Liberty
Party) and the groups closely attached t° thom,
(c) (Social Democrats and Sooial Revolutionists). The S.D.'s, R.S.'s, and
The groups closely attached to thom.
(d) (Bolsheviks). Tho party which ought properly to bo called the Communistic party, and which is at present termed "Tho Russian Social-Democratic
Workers' party, united with the Central Committee; or, in popular language,
thc "Bolsheviks."
!.   What classes do these parties repre-*
sent? What class standpoints do they
express?
(a) Tho feudal landholders and tho
more backward sections of the bourgeoisie,
(b) Thc mass of the bourgeois, that
is, tho capitalists, and those luudliold
era who havo tho industrial, bourgeois
ideology.
(c) Small entrepreneurs, smnll and
middle-class proprietors, small and
moro or Iobb well-to-do peasants, petite bourgeoisie, as well as thoso
workers who have submitted to a
bourgeois point of view,
(d) Class-conscious workers, day laborers aud the poorer class of tho
peasantry, who uro classed with them
semi-prole tar iat.
[ 3.   What Is their rotation to Socialism?
(n) and (b) Unconditionally hostile,
sinco it threatens thc profits of capitalists and landholders.
(c) For Socialism, but it is too early
yet to think uf it or to tako any practical steps for its realization.
(d) For Socialism. Tho Councils of
SVorkers, .Soldiers and Peasants. Dole-
gates nust at onco take every practical and feasible step for its realization,
14.  What form of government do they
want now?
(a) Constitutional monarchy, absolute authority of thu official class
and tho police.
(b) A bourgeois parliamentary republic, i;e., a perpetuation of the rulo
of the capitalists, with tho rentention
of the ofliciul (chiuaviiik) class and
tho polico,
(c) A bourgeois parliamentary republic, with reforms i'or the workers
and pcnsanls.
(d) A republic of tho Councils of
Workers', .Soldiors' and Peasants'
dolegates. Abolition of the standing
army and the police; substituting
for them an armed pooplo, officials
to bo not only elected, but nlso subject lo recall; their pay not to ex-
coed that of a good worker,
I.   What is thoir attitude on the rest, 'ation of tbo Romanoff monarchy?
(a) In favor, but it must bo done
with caution und secrecy, for thoy
nro afraid of tho pooplo.
(b) When tho Guchkovs Boomed to
bo in powor tho CadotB woro in favor
of putting on the throne a brothor
or son of Nicholas, but when the
people loomed up tho Cndets became
unti-monarchial.
(c) and (d) Unconditionally opposed
to uny kind of monarchic restoration.
i, What do they think of seizures and
power? What do they term "order
and what "anarchy"?
(u) If a czar or a bravo general
seizes control, his nuthority comos
from God; that ia order. Anything
else is anarchy.
(b) If lho capitalists hold power,
even by force, thut is order; to assume power against the cupitulists
would be anarchy,
(c) If the Councils of the Workers',
SoldierB' and Peasants' delegates
olono uro in power, nnurehy threatens. For tbo prosont let tho capitalist
retain control, while tho councils
have an "Advisory Commission."
(d) Holo authority must bo in tho
hands of the Councils of Workers',
Soldiers' und Peasants' delegates.
Tho entire propugnndu, agitations
and organizations of millions upou
millions of peoplo must at once bo
directed towards tho ond.
. Shall we support the Provisional
governmont?
(a) and (b) Unquestionably, since
it is the only moans nt this moment
of guarding tho interests of tho capitalists.
(c) Yes, but with tho condition that
it should curry out its agreement
with the Council of W,, S. and P.
dolegntes, und Bhould consult with
tho "Advisory Commission."
(d) No; lot tho cupitulists support
it, Wo must prepnro the whole people fer lho completo nnd boIo authority of tho Councils of W., S. und P.
delegates.
. Aro we for a singlo authority or for
a dual authority?
(a) und (b) For solo powor in the
hands of tho capitalists and lund-
holdcrs.
(c) For dunl authority. Tho Councils of W, 8. und 1'. delegn.es to
exercise "control" over the provisional government. But it wojld bo
pernicious to consider tho possibility
thut Ihis control might prove illusory,
(d) Tho solo powor in tho hands of
tho Councils of tho W.  8. und P.
(Continued on pago 4)
LABOR SHORTAGE IN
S OF THE
Investigation Does Not Bear
Out   the  Assertions
Generally Made
Facts Are There Is Plenty of
Labor If Decent Wages
Are Paid
Tho Board of Trado and other associations of employors, havo for a favorite topic these days thc "shortage of
labor" which, to hear them talk, would
indicate that tho working class is gradually disappearing from this country.
However, thero need bo no consternation in this regard at all. Plenty of
labor is to bo had if fuir wages are paid
in keoping with tho tremendous skyward trend of living.
Not only ia labor not scarco, but it is
numerouB, judging by the replicB of officials of various unions in this city.
For instance, one of the largest unions
is tho International Longshoremen's
association, of which Gordon J. Kelly,
president; of tho Trades and Labor
council, is a member. When asked aa
to tho labor market yeBterday, President Kolly replied vory positively:
"Thoro is no shortage of waterfront
labor.''
Another of tho largest labor organizations is tho International Longshoremen 's auxiliary, and as to tho situation
with this locul, E. Winch, business
ngent, said:
"The labor supply seemB unlimited.
I can supply a hundred men right
now.''
Secretary Phelps of tho Shipyard laborers, also stated there was no shortage of labor.
Secretary Alexander, of tho Steam
and Operating Engineers, has a considerable unemployed list.
A largo union is tho Teamsters and
Chauffeurs, and Business Agont Showier, when asked as to the available supply of thiB class of labor, replied that
thoro was no shortngo, and omployers
willing to pay good wageB could get all
the men they wanted.
Nono of tho soveral shipyards aro
complnining at a lack of men, nor are
any other Tinea of industry, when pin
ncd down to it.
Gun Used to Cow Strikers
of Drumheller Ordered
Taken Away Again
The machine-gun which waa moved
by tho Mounted Police to tho Drumheller coal field and hcrnlded in tho enpi-
talist press on tho occasion, evidently
haa been getting rusty, for it is reported it has been removed. Attornoy-
genernl Cross of Alberta requested that
the war implcmont be tukcu away, for
it waa of absolutely no use, thero bmng
no minera who required sabduing aftor
the methods, no doubt, contemplated by
tho military polico. The Miner's union,
as well as tho mounted polico, had thc
town under picket and the miners themselves wero quito capablo of looking
after any obstreperoas foreigner who
may have been inclined to create an
undue disturbance.
Petition Mooting Success
The petition to the provincial government pressing for an eight-hour day for
engineers, is boing largely "circulated
around tho Labor Templo and othor
plnces whoro they uro being generously
signed.
Postponed Political Meeting
Owing to the rush of business beforo
the Steam and Operating Engineers on
Feb. 11, when it wns intended to commence the series of educational meetings on political mutterB, the local postponed this portion of the business to a
future date, to be uiinouneod.
Unholiovablo War Ghouls' Glee!
Clenr profits far surpassing nil previous records nro recorded by Swift &
Company, meat packers, Chicago, for
tho fiscal yenr ending September, 19N.
The profits nre equivalent to IHM per
cent, on tho company's $100,000,000
cnpitul stock, nnd compnro with net
profits of $20,405,000 in 1010, which
woro equal to 27.29 por cont, on tho
*75,000,000 stock then outstnnding.
Saturday, Feb. 23
KEEP THIS DATE CLEAR
OPENING   MEETING  OF
FEDERATED LABOR
PARTY
Speakers :
J. H, Hawthornthwaite,
MX,A., and E. T. Kingsley
LABOR TEMPLE
8 p.m. Sharp
There will be some crowd-
Better conic early.
WAITERS' ORGANIZER
IS VERT OPTIMISTIC
Says Vancouver Locals Are Looking
as Oood as Any in Northwest Cities
Harloy Johnson, international organizer of tho Hotel and Restaurant
Employees' Alliance and the Bartenders' League, spent a few daya in Vancouver lust woek, but departed again
for Puget Sound cities where ho is assisting in organization work. He said
whilo hero that locals of Vancouver
wero ia a_ good Bhapo us any in tho
Northwest. Orgunizafion is increasing
all through thia territory. Just at
present tho soft drink employees aro
forming a union.
MINERSlfMEET
New Directors Will Hold
Meeting Next Monday
Evening
District 18, U. M. W. of A.,
Convention Will Convene
This Year at Fernie
The 1918 convention of District
18 of the Wnited Mine Workers of
America, 'with headquarters at Calgary, will convene at Fernie on
Monday next, Feb. 18. Delegates
will he present from all parts of
the jurisdiction, namely Alberta,
Saskatchewan and Eastern British
British Columbia. Inasmuch as
there is no new schedule of wages
up for discussion it is not expected
the convention will last more than
a week.
PATRIOTIC FUNDS
Companies Cannot Legally
Do This and Employees
Can Get Money Back
In spito of the fact that tlio labor
convention wont on record against tho
prosont systom of Potriotic Tunc], and
tho Trades and Labor council voted to
rofuso contributions after December 1,
therb are' cetrin iTOjMnics which continuo to hold bock wages of their omployoes nnd pay over to this fund. At
loast the supposed purposo of the hold
out is to pay to tho. fund. Theso com*
panios havo no legal right to do this
Only Buch companies as hovo agreements with their employees, running a
certain length of time, such ns the C.
P. E., hnvo such a right. Every man
who desires to tnko tho matter up cnn
recover tho money that wns hold buck,
and proceedings nlong this line nre oxpectod. Particular offenders in this
respect nro tho "pntriotic" fishing con*
corns, which nre nlso responsible for the
high prico of a food commodity thut
should bo tho chenpest.
Branch of Federated Labor
Party and Contest
Next Election
NANAIMO, Feb. 13.—Wo arc going
to mnke a start hero very soon in ro*
gurd to tho Federated Labor Party. Wc
have decided to cnll a meeting in tlio
vory near futuro und discuss the subject. We will ndviso you as to tlio
results of tlieso meetings as soon ns
possible. Wc nro very glad thut the
Federated Lnbor Party has nt Inst mnde
a start in tho politicul field nnd wo nil
fool confident thnt the noxt election
will mako a grant chnnge in tho house.
Keep tho flag Hying high, boys, und it
will not bo pulled down this time.
Girls Joining Union
Many girls nro joining the Cooks,
Waiters nnd Waitresses' locnl nnd expect to benefit thereby, especially this
summer when now positions open up.
Thero is a decided shortngo of waitresses, and they intend to deinund living wages.
No Need for Coolie Labor
Even H. IL Stevens, M.P., Vnncouver, is of tho opinion that if the present
mmipowor of the country wns properly
distributed thnt thero would bo no occasion to employ temporary Chinese
labor. Tho country is able to flnd nil
the holp essential for tho shipbuilding
industry, ho says, und ho thinks that
tho railway situation can bo met in tho
snmo way.
No Need for Alarm
[Tho B. C. Veterans Weekly]
Some unnecessary nlarm hus been
caused in some quartors by the recent
announcement that an ndvisory board,
consisting of five members of tlie (1. W.
V. association, und a like number from
tlio li. C. Federation of Lnbor, had been
creator] for the purpose of discussing
and seeking menus to solve various ro*
turned soldier problems, It mny bc
pointed out thnt in respect lo this mattor. the assoolatlon is in nowise committed to a definite policy or alliance
with tho Foderation of Labor, the iden
being solely timt the niutmil nlms of
lnbor nnd lho roturned soldier mlglil
bo sirengUiened nnd co-opernlod In sn
fnr ns possible. Controversial quostions
will not be brought np for discussion.
Tho general policy of the 0. W, V. A.
"ill not bo involved through tho board's
deductions. In short, a better under*
standing nnd relationship, nnd. possibly,
uniformity of uction along certnin linos
cun bo tho only result.
SAVING L
II
A STRAW INDICATING
DIRECTION OF WIND
The Wish Is Father to the Thought
as Well as a Signpost to
What Is in Store
t The chairman pointed out that tho
timo seemed to be approaching when
labor would bo conscripted in order to
npportion the man-powor of the Dominion to pointB essential for tho prosecution of war business and for greater
production of food supplies. A spocinl
committoo was appointed to study this
question as relating to the provinco of
British Columbiu and to bring in a roport at un early date.—Industrial Progress and Commercial Record, Vancouver.
A  Feeling of  Confidence
Among Union Men That
Money Will Be Raised
Between elections and conventions
for tho past month or so tlio Vancouver
Labor Temple Co. prospect of raising
money by the additional salo of Bhares
to local unions aas not been overlooked,
but somewhat delayed. Howover, tho
new directors will hold a mooting on
Monday ovening next, Feb. 18, to perfect ways and means for putting on
the proposed campaign. Tho whole
situation has been pretty well discussed
by tho membership at large and there
is a general feeling of confidence in
evidence that tho monoy can be raised
without injury to tho individual trade
unionist.
At Monday night's meeting undoubtedly definite plans will bo outlined for
vigorous campaign. Without wniting
to be formally nsked a fow of tho local
unions havo taken action, tho Teamsters and Chauffeurs' being one of the
biggest organizations and it was not
satisfied with a $3 assessment; tho
mombors mado it an even $5. With the
rapidly-increasing membership fairly
well omployed, at union w'ages, a recently-elected new board of directors
thoroughly representative of all tho
unions, and the necessity for restoring
tho Labor Tclnplo to tho trades union
movement apparent to all, tho prospects for a successful enmpaign aro encouraging.
With tho Bale of remaining unsold
shares held by the company the directors will be able to pay off tho outstanding indebtedness savo tho ilrst
mortgage. This, inturn, will roduco tho
fixod interest charges, und with tho increasing revenuo of tho building it will
soon bo more thnn paying its own way.
In fact, thoro will )»o somo ovor to
apply on a sinking fund to meet tlie
first mortgage four years hence. And
with a permanent assessment of 10
conts por month, if the referendum
carries, and it should, thero will bo no
serious difficulty in tho company tucot
ing all its obligations in futuro.
a Satisfactory Cablegram
Asked today by Tho Federationist ro
gnrding tho presont Lnbor Templo sitnn
tion, Mr. McVety, secretary-treasurer of
tho company, said:
"Beforo taking any steps to carry
out tho directions of the shareholders
to attempt tho raising of sufficient
funds to pny off the arrears of interest,
it was thought advisnble to consult
tho Prudential Assurance company, flie
mortgagees, as to whether they would
withdraw their writ for foreclosure nnd
permit the mortgage to run its term ii
the event of the company being able
to pay off arrearages of interost nnd
taxes.
'Tho quostion wns submitted to the
Lomlon»ofiicc of tho mortgagees through
Mr. J. Stewart Gall and Messrs. Tupper
& Bull, solicitors for the mortgagees,
iu writing, with a request that the
reply should bo cabled.
'I nm advised todny that tho company has agreed to the course request*
cd and that on pnylnent of the arrears
nnd current interest proceedings for
foreclosure will be stayed and the mortgage allowed to run until its expiration."
AI
Geo. F. Stirling Addresses a
Crowded  Meeting and
Adds New Members
NELSON, B. C, Feb. 12.—Under the
auspices of tho Trades and Labor council, the workors of this city wero treated, laBt Thursday, with some definite
instruction as to how to deal effectively
with their ballots. Tho intellectual instructor of tho occasion was Oeo. F.
Stirling, who expressed nothing but
common sense from beginning to end.
When tho old-party politicians address
the slaves, they always tell us how
much thoy lovo us, but, of course, they
aro experienced in dealing out camouflage. Tho worker may like to bo loved
and ao doubt tho old-party politicians
aro loving tho workers very much just
now, for are they not giving a lot of
them free clothes, freo guns and $1.10
a day? May tho Lord bleBS their generosity I
Tho Miners' hall was filled to tho
brim and crowded nnd standing ns thoy
were, they stood and listened to Mr.
Stirling, and wero sntisflcd thnt ho was
telling the truth. At the close of the
meeting, fourteen now members woro
enrolled. Mr. Stirling will bo a wcl-
como visitor hero nny time he cnn givo
us another call.
Tho Nelson branch of the Federated
Labor Party is growing fine, and wo aro
all doing our bost to increase its membership. Wo uro sick and tired of tho
prosont mis-rcprcsentntivo wo havo ut
Victoria.
10
FLAVELLE AND HE
Flavelle Passes Matter to
Crothers  Who  Also
Passes It Along
But She Moves Just tho Same
The Russian revolution would bo
all right if it eould stop revolving,"
says the Brooklyn Eagle. Thu Eagle
screams because the Bolsheviki did not
quit at a point that would leave Russia
ripe for exploitation by the Harvester
Trust. How nice and ludyliko all revolutions would be if they only wore directed by the parasitic class.—Industrial Worker.
Same Over Here!
A few works ago tlio lumber bosses
were howling about a shortage of labor,
When tho department of Labor nt
Washington replies that the shortngo Is
duo to long hours and poor conditions,
and suggests Hint a way out of tlio
situation is to establish an olghMiour
day, the lumber bosses loudly voolferalo
that they have all tin; holp thoy want—
and then some.—Industrial Workor, Seattle.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Fob. 17.—Saw Filers'
Association.
MONDAY, Feb. ]8.—Machinists
No. 720, Tailors' Executivo,
Boiler Makors, Stoam Engineers, Electrical Workers,
TUESDAY, Feb. 10.—Btitohora
uud Moat Cutters, Railway
Firemen, bookbinders, Retail
Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20.—Teams-
tors nnd Chauffeurs, Browory
Workers, Press Feeders, Motal
Trades Council.
THURSDAY, Fob. 21.—Trades
and Lubor Council, Maintenance Of Way Mon.
FRIDAY, Fob. 22— Pressmen's
Union C**n.ort, Pllfl Drivers
and Wooden Brldgobuildors,
Machinists (Ladies' Aux.),
Plumbers, Shipyard Laborers,
Mill and Factory Workors,
United Warehousemen 'b Assoc.
SATURDAY, Feb. 23.—Federated
Labor farly.
Canadian  Brotherhood  of
Railway Employees
Going Strong
Mr. E. Robson, western organizer for
the Canadian Brotherhood of Railwny
Employees with headquarters at Halifax, N. 8., is in thc city in the interests
of his organization. Thc C. B. of R. E.
affiliated with tho Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada somo threo months
ago, but has been in existence since
11)08. Primarily it was organized to
cover the government-owned Intercolo
nial system, but it is now extending
its scope to all railway and express
companies operating ia Canada. Its
membership, now around the 7000 mark,
includes ull the employees not already
covered by international organizations.
Mr. A. R. Mosher is the president, und
Mr. M. M. Maclean secretary, both of
Halifax,
Organizer Robson, in conversation
With The Federationist yesterday afternoon, intimated that the headquarters
o'f the organization might bo removed
to Ottawa in tho near future. "I left
Halifax on Jan. 10 nnd since thon have
visited Montreal, Winnipeg, Edmonton
and this city. 1 oxpoet to remain hero
a month or two, I nm anxious to bring
about an amalgamation of tho Vancouver Freight Handlers and Clerks' Association, nlso chartered by the Congress, with our organization, with a
view to bringing about a closer federation of our mutual intorests,
"We havo j.ist succeeded in gaining
recognition fur our organization of the
government and also from several other
railway nnd express companies throughout Canada, and if wo succeed in our
present plans we will bo able to se-
euro much better working conditions
for our membership.
"Naturally, In the initial stages, we
have experienced all the trials aud
troubles generally met with, but we are
overcoming thoso necessary obstacles
and soon hope to bn in tho same position to talk turkey to tho employers
ns tho other old-limo railway brotherhoods and unions.
"Our membership includes women
and wo insist npon equal pay for equal
work."
Latest Proposal Is a Board
Be Appointed in Shipbuilding Dispute
Negotiations botwoen representatives
of tho Metal Trades couacilg of Vancouver and Victoria with R. P. Butchart, chairman of tho Imperial Munitions
board representatives on this coast,
ovor the 10 por cont. incrcaso granted
in tho United States, and which it waa
agreed by tho board here would be ap*
plied to British Columbia shipyards, are
still going on. Tho latest reports from
Victoria are to the offect that Mr. Butchart wired to Sir Joseph Flavelle, head
of the Imperial Munitions board, intimating that there was no "moral" obligation to pay tho additional increase
aB paid in tho United States, and Sir
Joseph took the cue and wired back he
did not consider thero was any "moral" obligation on the part of tho board
to pay it. So he passed it along to
Ministor of Labor Crothers, who. in
turn, wrote suggesting thnt an arbitration board bo appointed. This does not
moot with tho desires of tho mon, who
roquiro to know definitely just what
tho munitions board intends to do about
tho increase, upon which information
being forthcoming, the shipbuilding
trades will shape thoir own course accordingly.
Tho Labor repreeentatives have made
a fair proposition. Tho whole question
hinges on the 10 per cent, increase, originally granted by the United StatoB
Shipping Board Emergency Fleet corporation as a bonus, but which became
a straight, increase in pay on February
3. Tho Canadian board agreed to od-
just tho wago wale in British Columbia
on the basis of the agreement, reached
with the Pacific coaBt yards of the
Unitod Statos. Tbe Bhibuilding representatives aro only asking that the loeal
I authoritioB live up to thoir agreement.
Following ia a staement of the situation in a nutshell:
The statement submitted December 6,
1»17, by tho United States Navy department and tho United States Shipping Beard Emergency Fleet corporation, following tho finding of the adjustment board, the finding of whieh
was accepted by tho workera undor protest ponding an appeal to Washington,
was ab follows: "In order to provido
a propor stimulus to increase tho output
of ships in the shipyards of tho Pacific
coast, and in order to encourage men
who livo at great distances to leave
thoir homos and enter on sorvico in the
shipyards, tho United States Shipping
Bonrd   Emergency   Fleet   corporation
will pny to all employees of shipyards
on tho Pacific coast, with the exception
of those   working   under   tho Soattle
ngreement, a war servico payment of 10
por cent, effective on and after December 15, 1017, to all men who work for
six coiiBccutivo dnys in any week  a
total of not loss than 48 hours, provided
thnt mon prevented from working nn
account of the elements, physical condition or any unavoidable cause, will not
lio denied tbe benefits provided for under this statement.   Tho payment to bo
computed on straight timo at tho minimum rate provided in the award nnd on
February 1, 1918. a farthor stimulus to
attract men to the shipbuilding Industry will bo provided by converting tho
abovo to n permnnent increnso of 10
per cent, on the adjustment beard rates,
provided that nothing in this memorandum shall prevent a rchonring of thiB
matter by the wago adjustment board.
For Six Months
Tt is stipulated that for tho purposo
of such rehearing, the award of the adjustment board shnll bo considered as
expiring at all Pacific coast plants six
months from tho date at which tho
award became effective in the Puget
Round district, that ih, February 1,
1018."
It is on this statement that tho shipyard workers on this side base their
Inim, which they nssert is as clear ns
daylight, in view of tho fact thnt the
bonus, granted on December 1.1, became
"straight increase" on Feb. 1.
On tho other hand, the Imperial Munitions bonrd look Upon the inerease as
a bonus nnd rofuso to acknowledge that
tho workers nn this side have a claim
on the "straight increase."
Petitioning Oovernment
A petition is in circulation nmong
Ihe lubor unions culling on the government to pass now laws with regard to
Steam and Operating Engineers, making it harder for men who do not understand the business to get licenses and
thus protect the lives of their fellow
workers who, as at present, working
with improperly trained men, are constantly In danger.
The Old Btory
Ubor In (irenl Britain says that tho war
oxponioi nro not being paid i>y the wealthy
an Ihey hIimiI.I bo nnrl in-.j-ts lhat It in
Labor Unit in tanking all tin* Kccrlfln » whilo
llio <ui.ili.lisl*. will K-'l «U thoBrneflt. That'i
nn uld ntory. It iH ono U_m In heard in
moro places thnn Oreat Url™ nad unloafc
thero la ii  rndirnl  Change  in tKytnothods of
tho profiteering Intereiti Jn AuimJch It in
thnt will bn hoard oro lung In tn'
try. Imbed, It In allotted horo, rf
And In tho nunntiuio tho iirofltrt-it
orry. Tlio wny thnt tho i
lag bimb-niHii hnvo perfected tlieir c
n whilo organiiod loggori have broil
Kiifficieat of itself to ilinw that i
can thoy "carry on" with Impunity b|
llllVO     IHlltk   SaCCOHE '
■loll
It
I'l-i-li^l HfM''r operators wns prom
presentation
On Tuesday evening, l'te. Alex. PriceJ
formerly u compositor employed
Messrs. Cowan & BrookhoUBO, printer^
ami publishers, Homer and Dnusmuinf
was presented with ti parse, com fori
ably lilted with dollar bills, pud a boaf
Li fill scarf pin, subscribed (for by
linn, stall' and omployoes J at an.'
promplu gathering of thosd inlerej
l'te. Price Sorvod hts
wilh tho firm, and it wn
tho presentation should ht
by Mr. Hartley, who
during the whole peri
Pto. Prico feelingly
preciation i:
the gifts.
l___ PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
...February 15, 1918
Tea, Breakfast and Dinner
Sets
AT NOTABLE PRICE REDUCTIONS
—A BULLETIN of linos showing a saving of ap to $9.25 on a set. AH are qual'ty
sets, made of bost quality English Bemi-porcolain, witb the daintiest and most attractive decorations.    These reductions will tempt many to buy now and save:
DINNER SET—Of 97 pieces, in an
old chintz pattorn;    927.25 value
__-i^SS^__^^b. for  $18.75
■>A* 'A        DINNER SET—Of 97 pieces. In a
»p"«£Ji       key pattern; $32.50 value $23.25
**(ff(yfc/        DINNER SET—Of 97 pieces, in a
_?Jl C'ld band and black line; $30.00
ft ^ value for $21.95
DINNER SET—Of 52 pieces, bluo
floral    decoration;    $15.75    value
for  $11.10
BREAKFAST SET—Of 38 pieces,
French   transfer   pattern;   $10.00
—a_-*t\_.      J?Wv Vflluo for ,6,16
S^*^m.^^A_T>J BREAKFAST SET—Of 20 pieces,
pretty   key   pattern;   $7.50   valuo
for  $4.95
TEA SET—Of 21 pieces; whits
and    gold    fluted;     $3.45    value
for   $2.85
TEA SET—Of 25 pieces, rosebud
and medallion puttern; $5.50
valuo fur  $3.95
M^h^ttdsotfsBauCompans. M
V     .    _J IMIWMHI    lit*        HISUHT I »U»1 flST ITtMt citlHIHmms (  ^£3?    )
Granville and Georgia Streets
You can't prevent
your teeth from showing—
T OOK at tho people you meet and notico how tho tooth form a. pro-
■^ minent part of their appearance. Sometimes thoy aro showing constantly—always, however, are they noticeable when they talk or laugh.
Don't have defective teeth—they look bad—they make a had impression.
For the sake of your appearance,.have them given attention.
I will bo glad to meet nny person with defective teoth. After examination I will udviae them and show them how those defects may be remedied
—and with wonderful improvement to thc appearance. Phone and
make an appointment.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymour
Offlce Open Until 6 p.m. Dally
X-Bay films taken If cecal-
eary; 10-year guarantees
linn.
PHONE SET. S331
Examinations   made   on
phona appointments.
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
-THE	
Nanaimo Coal
THE BEST QUALITY THE BEST PRICE
THE BEST SERVICE
Main Office:  Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St.  Phone Sey. 226
"A chiel's amang
ye Takiri notes"
[By The Chiell
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
WELTON BLOCK    -    VANCOUVER, B.C.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODERN EQUIPMENT—COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS—
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUR NEAREST AOENT OR WRITE
DISTRICT PASSENGER AOENT, 605 HASTINOS W., VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymour 2482
*
fcmand the Best
Cascade Beer
Pee^J^ Beer
Stout
[ream Stout
pel bottled by union workmen.
J3ARLEY AND HOPS
limited
There's an epidemic of smothered
muttcrings nowadays. It began to make
its presence felt within tho past few
weeks, and it has every appearance of
assuming a malignant form. It has been
responsible for a considerable amount
of profanity, and to some extent Prof.
Adam Shortt is the primary cause. The
professor is by way of being a mathematician and a humdinger with figures
at that. He has political economy, and
all other kinds of economies reduced to
a fine science and what he doesn 't
know about statistics would He on the
faco of a nickel. But to some men
his name is anathema in this month of
grace. He recommended redaction in
the domestic lighting rate and the B.
C. Electric concurred with the recommendation, stating thnt they were gamo
to accept tho learned professor's suggestions in re the charges for light. But
for some reason or reasons unknown,
the bills commenced to aviate in wny
thnt wojld mako an Allied airman jealous. It may be that tho consumer,
happy in tho thought that the charge
per k. w. had dropped from 11 to 8
cents, and us a consequence hnd been
doing a cavorting stunt around the city
and letting the vornndah bulb suck up
all the juice it wished. Thnt there was
nn incentive towards prodigality, goes
without saying, but whatever thc reason, there's no getting away from tho
fact that tho dials in tho meters have
beon making tho round trip in rapid
order, and it is up to Canada's expert
political economist to explain thc why
and the wherefore.
»   t   #
That rendezvous of the various coteries that go to mrfko up the political
life of Vancouver, the hotel of that
name, has been for somo days a counterpart of thc legislative lobby. The solons
of the crowd were out with their opinions, which they proclaimed to nil and
sundry. They are convinced thnt Premier Brewster is off to Ottawa for good.
But tho knowing ones looked sngo and
merely flicked their eyelid. The fnct
of tho matter is that -the premier is
coming back, dospito all tho babel of
tonguos. That doesn't mean to suggest
that he may not be offered some inviting pluhi while in the federal capital,
but to desert Victoria for Ottawa nt a
time when the fortunes of tho Libornl
party are not on the flood of prosperity
would bo a piece yi statesmanship not
quito in keeping with the shrowd characteristics attributed to Premier Browster.
«   *   *
Perhnps tho most interesting and instructive item of gossip around tlio Vancouver rotundn is the statement that
tho govornment has under consideration
a bill for tho introduction of ohl-ago
pensions. Though no official announcement has yet been mnde, it is known
that a few members of the government
of British Columbia's capital hnve discussed a bill that hns been drawn up
by the former speaker of thc present
legislature, Mr. J. "W. Weart, and that
ns a mattor of fact, tlio premier had
the bill long beforo tho sossion opened.
Why it was ohiittcd from the speech
from tho throne, is somewhat of a mystery, and so fnr, the utmost secrecy hns
been observed over tho affair. By methods not unknown to politicians, however, the secret lenked out. One detail
only of the proposed scheme has filtered
through fhe doors of thc executive
chamber, and that is that every man in
British Columbia will hnvo to contribute to the fund, whether ho eventunlly is a beneficiary of thnt fund or not,
in the days when drcropitdde pays him
a visit. The government, mny or may
not introduce n bill for pensions, just as
thoy like, but there's no gelling away
from the fact thnt its author intends to
mnke a big bid for its inclusion in tho
present session's legislation.
#   *   #
An item flint wns crowded out of
so'me of Ihe locul papers and was disposed of in Iwo lines by others, is nevertheless of more than passing inlorest,
particularly for lho workers of Ihe eity.
Briefly, the city council decided to
spend $10(10 on a roadway to Coughlan's ship building yards for tho convenience of lho men. The significance
of this decision is two-fold. In thc first
place, it indicates thnt there has sprung
up an industry which is likoly to bc
founded on a permanent bnsis. In tho
socond placo, the claim of the workers
for decent and passable roadways is
ono thnt cannot be overlooked. Ono inclines to tho belief thnt nt last the nine
whilst in solemn conclave in thc hotel
de villc on Main street, have como to
renlizo thnt to cntor in this wny to the
demands of the lnrgost section of tho
community might not be a bad idea
after all. Well it isn't, but it is only
a commencement. There are n million
and one methods by which the civic exchequer cnn bo reduced in a cause that
needs no recommendation or letters of
reference.
t   *   ft
Only flie chronic grouch will deny
that trnde conditions in British Columbia are on tho up-grude. Tho commercial fingerpost has boen pointing that
way for somo monthfl, though if you
wero to ask the ordinary man in the
streot if it is a fact, lho probability is
that ho would give tho remark a flat
denial. Still, taking it by and large,
fherc is a distinct improvement, and it
is something to bo thankful for. If
only tho dollar were ns clastic as some
people's conscience, all might go merry
as a marringo bell. Today tho chief
kicker is tho housewife, who cannot seo
eye to eyo with thoso who argue that
half a loaf is better than no bread,
when the prico of flour showns no signs
of dimunition, nnd when sho is told in
terms thnt cannot be misunderstood,
thnt sugar Is going to tnke a jump in
tho nenr future. There's one grain of
comfort, at least in lho ivhole b isinesB,
nnd thnt is that tho food corttrollor hns
imt, ordered thnf -hero shall be hnshless
days in this Dominion.
By nil menns let im get together.
Wnsn't that the aim of confedinHon?
"Get-together" is a good term, tt has
n snappy sound, and is n phrn-Se for the
community to ecu hire with. But. I hnve
a viv'd recollection and so hns every
one fnr thnt mikttof, of a big Oinner
that fnok plnco o vc;ir ngo, when the
"get-together" spirit was ,siif;i:esfed,
nnd when (hey got together, but not
from n business point nf view. T* 's nil
very well lo tulk tin' tmnnuinl;.- Bpirit,
but'it'a decidedly bet t to practice it
and, if Vnncouver is going t*> nuke n
hi1 as a bg centn nf i Ban rae, and anl
the pnen to every ■> hi •'.' ■■ on l!ic Pacific slope, there wl I ihi to bo less
talk nnil more work.    Ml tho luncheons
in tho Voncauver hotel, and all the distinguished gatherings in ornate ballrooms, will never do the trick. To put
practicable theories into operation ia
the one thing that Vancouver has fallen
down on in recent years. Maybe thc
time has arrived when jealousy will no
longer play djeks and drakes with community sentiments, and when the owner
of a big department store will hob-nob
with his less fortunate brother on a aide
street. Only when they Bit check by
jowl for tho common good nnd tho advancement of the community spirit will
the "get-together" idea have taken
hold.
Little  Talks  on  Nature's
Faults   and   Their
Correction
[By Dr. A. McKay Jordan]
(Author of "Actino   Optical  Therapeutics)
NO. I.
Exhaustion
PROBABLY the nvernge individual,
if he wero asked to define exhaustion, would reply thnt it consisted of
being "all in," which is a good enough
description of the sensation; but fails
to touch upon its cause. You mny be
somewhat surprised that I use tho singular—cause, instead of tho plural—
cajses; but in the ultimate analysis,
there is but one cause for exhaustion,
and that is, loss of energy.
It is now fairly well understood that
the human body is actuated by electricity, which it derives from the sun
in the form of rays, called for want of
a better name, radiant energy. This
energy is principally received by tho
outstanding portion of ihe brain, called
tho eye, and is stored by the brain and
used by it to put our muscles and organs into motion. Every notion of
every muscle calls for more or less of
this energy, which is carried to them
through tho nerves, and the more continuous and tho harder tho work in
whieh we aro engaged, the greater will
bo tho call for energy. The brain is
an excellent judgo of when any part
of tho body haa been in action long
enojgh, and when it considers that any
particular set of muscles hns been worked to its limit, it refuses to send more
energy to that set. Of course, we can
force it to do so for awhilo by the exercise of our will, nod later again by
means of drugs or stimulants; but doing
so can only result in harm, for the brain
is completely depleted, is unable to activate tho body properly, nnd disease
is the result. Disease in every case
except where it is the result of poison
or inoculation, is caused by exhaustion.
I havo spoken only of work as a
cause of loss of energy; but an even
greater cnaso is found in somo of our
emotions—hatred, anger, und perhnps
worst of all, fear, mako a great drain
upon thc electric energy of the brain.
To help the render to form an estimate of the damage <tono to tho human
body by exhaustion, I append a list of
some of the unhealthy conditions which
it sets up:
Anaemia—Colds and tuberculosis,
Constipation—Deafness,
Dyspepsia—Earache.
These are a very few of the varieties
of unhealth caused by exhaustion or
loss of energy. I shall doal wilh tho
manner of tlieir correction in futuro
articles, and from timo fo time I shnll
publish further lists, ***
OF
S
Women Will Interview Attorney-General in Regard to Conditions
Factory Act Is Being Generally Disregarded in
Laundries
In the face of thc fact that tho Factories Act of thia provinco stipulates
women in laundries ahall bo compelled
to work only eight hours a day, or 48
houra a week, with a permitted overtime not to exceed 36 hours a yenr,
such employees nro now compelled to
work 55 and 5(i hours every week,
whether they like it or not. Tho Factory Act Is being flagrnntly abused and
disrogrndod. For thiB Attornoy-genernl
Farris ia responsible, nnd tho women
intend to have the Minimum Wage
Leaguo deputation when it goes to Vic-
oria demand of the attorney-general
that ho enforce the act so as to givo
tho wonen slnves of laundries a chnnce.
The poor laundry proprietors, who recently ndvancod thc price of washing
but did not ndvance the wnges of
thoir slaves in the slightest,
maintain that they are forced to do-
mand long hours of labor because of a
shortage. The women tnke tho position thoro ia no shortage at all, that
there are plenty of women to bo found
if the owners will pny n decent wago
nnd give better conditions.
Tho Factory Act, it is contended,
ought to bo either enforced or abolished. As long as it is on the statute
books, it gives a falso impression for
it is expected that laws will be enforced and, by reason of there being
such an act, it ia natural to aupposo its
enforcement is being carried out. Which
ia not the case.
Don't All Speak at Once!
Wanted — Chauffeur and gardener.
Apply Mr. Storey of Storey & Campbell, the firm that made nil the money
out of war contracts. Hours 7 to 7;
wnges $16 per week; married man preferred. Mr. Slorey hns been trying all
the week to got a victim to work for
these conditions.
Waiters Will Start Drive
Business Agent Mackenzie- of tke
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses said yes-
terday that they are planning n big
membership drive and aro going nfter
the unfair houses vory soon. At present
a certain number of unfnir houses are
receiving the putronngo of union men,
which they depend upon.
SEMI-READY SUITS
are the Expert Testomony
of careful Tailoring—England and Canada contribute
the cloth—expert specialized tailoring the garment—
and there is no greed for
profit in the price in the
pocket.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vancouver
Will Oompers Second the Motion'?
ATosolntitm has been preheated by
the Electrical Workers' local No. 77,
demanding the election of all internntionnl officials of unions, and officials
of lho A. F, ofl-., by referendum vote,
instead of the present undemocratic
method of voting by delegntcs iu machine-controlled conventions was endorsed by the central labor council.
If you haven't joined tlio Federated Ln!ior
Pnrty, got in touch with Secretary Trotter,
Room 200, bailor Tomple, ttr nny of tho vice-
presidents throughout tho provinco. ***
How Do the Irish Workers
******     ******     ******     ******
Stand on Home Rule Plan?
Greatest Political Fight of the Century Soon to Start-
Workers Hold the Best Cards and Can Dictate Own
Terms When Crucial Period Arrives, When Both
Political Parties Are in Last Throes of Years
of Struggling—Labor to Predominate
That struggle of which I spoke lusi*#won in Soutli Armagh ho would retire
week is going to bo one thut must bc
won by the workers. Thero cun bo no
two opinions on thnt score. If tho
artisan class is beaten to its knees,
trades unionism will execute n retrograde movement that will set it back
a quarter of a century. But trades
uionisin has secured a position from
which there can bc no turning hawk,
Thnt position is practically impregnable. Tho trades unionists hold the
balance of power between tho striving
political factions. In othor words, the
workors hnvo now, or soon will have,
thc prerogntivc of saying what road
Ireland is to frnvel, whether it. shnll
bo along n route that, as somo say,
means eohimoreiul bankruptcy, or in
tho paths it has Irod since the net of
union became nn accomplished fact.
Let tho workers ninko over so little
a slip and the gnine is up. But let
thom renlizo that thcira is tho power
and thnt they hnvo all the politicnl
nincompoops in the hollow of their
handB and the cause of trades unionism
is won and tho right of tho workers to
bc heard in the settlement of national
nffaira recognized for ovor. Perhaps,
aftor all, it was better that tho personnel of the committee handling the
Home Rulo problem just now did not
include representatives of tho masses.
It has given them a much better position frobi which to soe tho game and it
has been snid that tho man en tho outside soos the most of it. Timo will
toll whether the worker haa availed
himself of thia opportunity.
More Is Significant
Thero aro four pnrtioa at preaont in
Ireland. Theao nre tho Unionists tho
Nntionnliats, tho Sinn Feiners and tho
Trndes Unionists, Sinn Fein cannot
succeed. No ono ever expected that it
would. It is too flnmbuoynnt In its
methods. Both Unionism nnd Nationalism have failed ignoniiniously to placate all the factions of which tho Irish
rnco at home Is composod. For years
they have been scrapping, each tn get
a hold thnt means the elimination of
tho olher, never mindful of Ihe grent
mass looking on, nl times wilh disgusl,
at the performance. Cnrs'in's exil from
the British cabinot signifies one thing,
if it signifies anything nt nil. thnt the
big fight for political supremacy in Ire-
lund is nbo.it lo start, Ihe b:ggest in
the history of Hint country
Devlin's declaration thnt If Sinn Fein
from political life is one of the most
extraordinary statemenls ever heard
from a lending politician over there
and can mean only ono thing, thnt a
coalition between the Nationalists and
the Unionists is not impossible, not to
say improbable. But whether that is so
or not, both of them realize thnt the
future belongs to the worker, lhat it
is tho worker who will serve tho cards
in tho big gnmo thut is coming and
jhut tho chipa will nil go to tho one
side of thc tablo.
WIU Find Solution
To say that tho workingmen will
find a solution for this tough problem,
might at first sight look to bo n tall
order. But when you come to examine
more closely into the situation nnd una-
lyzo the claims of tho politicnl pnrtioa
to recognition as tho real saviors of
Ireland, it will not tnko anyone long
lo nrrivo at the conclusion thnt when
nil tho cards are on fhe tublo it will
bc seen with half an eye that thc hun
dreds of thousands of men who by their
grit and energy hnvo helped to place
Ireland on the map from an' industrinl
point of View are not going to be tho
runners- ap.
Whon it cornea to a showdown, then
will bo aeon whether the worker, or tho
professional politician ia going to bo
tho big noise. Bohind tho representatives of trndes unionism, wntchtiig tho,
courso nnd trend of events are tho
masses of men whoso word nnd nets
aro going to be the deciding factor in
a struggle that, in its way, is tho equal
to the European holocaust. It la not
going to be a question of Irclnnd for
tho Irish, or for any class in particular.
Has the Whip Hand
Tho worker, wko will liavo tho whip
hand, will sny, do this, and it will bo
done, Then the fight which hns wnxod
for yenrs will bo over. Then the men
who hnve held the fort for trndes unionism and for nil thnt it represents aro
going to reap thc reward of their efforts. But the lust Binge of Jrc'nml will
be better thnn the first. The future
of that cniin'ry will bo tho brightest
period in its hia-ory.
And whyf Becnuse over n quarter
of a cehlury ngo there were men who
foresaw the pntcntinl'ties of lnbor if
properly orgnni/ed. who knew thnt tlio
ilny W" lid come when labor wou'd take
its rightful stand in tho rnnks of tho
country's grentest men.
WHAT DOES  A   LONG DISTANCE
CALL MEAN?
WHEN you ask Long Distance to
got you n certnin party, your request soiiii'tinies menus that tho country hns to ba searched for tho person
wanted. Tlio other day, a subscriber
mado audi a request, tho person wanted beinR engaged on nn outdoor contract, and bad been gono a week.
I'liiiv after placo was called, aud finally Long Distance was successful. She
generally is. The appointment was
mado and tho call completed.
The cost wns 25 cents for a throe-
minute talk I Not much money for
tlio work, but Long Distance wbb
greatly pleased that she wns ablo to
supply  tho   service.
You place your call;  Long Distance
does the rent I
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT, LTD
ELECTRIO FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
The Jirvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Btreet
SMITH'S BUTTON WOEKS
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop-
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lottering,   plcot edging,  pleating, niching, embroidery, hemming.
653 OranviUe St. 1319 Douglas St.
VANCOUVEB, B.O.        VIOTOBIA, B.O.
Phono Sey. 3191 Phons  1160
CLELAND-DIBBLE    ENGRAVING OOMPANY
Limited I
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — OOMMEBOIAL
ARTISTS.
Phono Seymour 7109
Third   Floor,   World   Building
VANCOUVEB. B. 0.
—The only  Union   Shop  in  Vancouver—
KINO OP BICYCLES
They are tho finest bit of workman-
hip in the hicycto world; 8 different
models In variety of colors.
Prices from (42.50 to 155.00, on
easy payments If desired.
HASKINS &  ELLIOTT
"The Pioneer Rlcvcln Store "
616 Howe St.      412 Hastlnga St   W.
ASK TOUB GROCER FOB
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, and
MOTHER'S FAVORITE
FLOUR
UNION MILLED
J.   PHILLIPS  &   CO.,   Agents
Phone 5416 1228 Hamilton
Royal Stove Repair Works
Bopalrs for all Stoves, Furnaces,
Colls, Connections, etc.
Now nnd  second-hand stoves  bought,
sold   and   exchanged
Phone Sey. 6950     1114 GranvUle
PRINTING
OOWAN A BROOKHOUSE
Labor Tomple Praia     Ser. 4490
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET
One Block weet of Court Home.
do of Modern Chnpel nnd
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymour 8486
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL—MEETS
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, G, J. Kelly; vice-preeident,
F. W. Welsh; secretary and business agent,
V. K. Midgloy; treasurer, F. Knowles; sergeant-at-arms, J. F. Poole; trustees: J. H.
McVety, W. B. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, V.
A, Hoover.	
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES COUNCIL—
Meets eecond Monday In the month. Preeldent,   Geo,   Birtley;   seeretary,   R. H.   Nee*
lands, P.O. Box 66.
BARTENDERS' LOOAL NO. 676—MEETS
first Sunday of eaoh month, Labor Temple.
President, John Martin anancial ancretary,
J. Smith, 610 Holden Bldg., Box 424, Phon*
Sey. 2572; recording secretary, Wm. Mottl*
shaw, Pi). Box 424, Vancouver. B. C.
JOURNEYMEN  BARBERS'  INTERNA-
tional Union of America, Local No, ISO—,
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays ts tk*
month, Room 205, Ltbor Temple. Preildent*,
L. E. Herrltt; eeorettry, S. H. Grtnt, 1671
Alberni street.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO.l—
MeetB eecond and fonrth Wednesday!, 8
p.m., Room 807. President, Chas. F. Smith;
corresponding secretary, VV. S. Dagnall, Box
53; financial secretary, W. J. Piper
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOCAL
No. 617—Meets every aecond tnd fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.
President, R. \V. Bailey; financial aeeretary,
0. Thom; recording aeeretary, Q. H. Utrdy,
Room 206, Ltbor Temple. Phone Sey. 74M5.
BREWERY WORKERS. L. U. NO. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.-Meets flrat tnd third
Wednesdays of each mouth, Room 302, Ltbor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, F. Graham; aeoretary, A.  E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourth
avenuo west.	
BROTHERHOOD    OF    BOILER    MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
Amorica, Vancouver Lodgo No. 184—Meett
every Monday, 8 p.m. Prosldent, A. Campbell, 220 Second street; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1151 Uowe street; busineu
agent, J, H. Carmiohae), Room! 212, Ltbor
Tomplo.	
COOKS,    WAITERS    AND    WAITRESSES,
Local 28—Meets overy Friday, 9 p. in.,
Lubor Temple, President, Fred. Harris; secretnry nnd business agent, Win. Mackenzie,
Room 201), Labor Temple. Offico houm, 11 to
12 noon; 2 to 5 p.m,
INTERNATIONAL UNI0N~0F~8TEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No, 620—
MeetB every Munday, 7:30 p.m., Ltbor
Temple. President, J. R. Flyun. 810 Moodle
streot. New Westminster; vice-president, P.
Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple. Phono Soy.
7405. 	
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THE
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday,  7 p.m., tt
437 Gore tvenue.    Russell Kearley, business
agent.	
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 218
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D, W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording
secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
financial socretary and business agent, E, H.
Morrison, Room 2Q7 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Offlce tnd hall, 804
Pendor street oast.    Meets every Thursdty,
8  p.m.    Secrotary-treasurer,     F.  Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
I, L. A., LOCAL 38-82, AUXIUARY—
(Marino     Warehousemen     and     Freight
Handlers).  Headquarters, 436   Howe street.
Meots   flrst   and   third   Wednesday,   8   p.m.
Secretary and business agont, E. Winch.
MACHINISTS'. NO. 182—MEETS SEOOND
nnd fourth Thursdaya at 8 p.m. Preeldent,
,T. Wallace; recording secrotary, J. Brooke;
financial secretary, J. H. McVety, Room 211
Labor Temple.    Seymour 7405.
AMALGAMATED MEAT^C UTTBRH AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 043—M^ota
first   und   I hird   Tuesdays   of   eaeh   month.
Labor Templo,   8   p.m.       President.   11.   W.
Lahoj rocordlng secretary. E, Lofting: flnnn-
citil secretnry nnd business agont, T. W. Anderson,   Labor Tempi?.
PATTEl»rMAKERSrTiEAGUE"OF NORTH
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Templo. President, Ray
MeDougall. 1028 Grant street; financial seoretary, J. Lyons, 1548 VenableB streot;
recording secrelary, E. Westmoreland. 3247
Point Grey rond. Pbone Hnyvlew _2970L.
BROTHERHOOD  OF  PAINTERS,     LOCAL
No. 188—Meets socond and fourth Thursdays of ench month. Room 303, Labor
Tomplo. President, D. Hughes; vico-presldent. T). Hughes; financial-sec, L. Ahiob;
recording secretnry, S. Gonld, 2149 Georgia
Btreet east.  _ 	
RETAIL  CLERKS'   UNION,   LOCAL   279—
Meets in Labor Temple every flrst and
third Tuesdays. Silfi p.m. President. Earl
P. Cornell, fioC Eleventh nvenue east; secro-
tni-j-trensuror. Archibald P. Olen, 1073 Moi-
villo stroot. Phono Soy. 5840R, __
SHIPYARD LABORERS' UNION. NO. 1505
—Meets second and fourth Fridays of each
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple, President, C.
Soams; recording secretary; W. Hardy, 445
Twenty-third street west, North Vancouver;
finnucinl secretnry, S. PhelpR.
STREET"AXI)"KLECtltIC   RAILWAY   EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meet*
Lnbor Temple, second snd fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble; vice-
president, E. 8. Cleveland; recording secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity Btreet,
Phone High. 108R; financinl »ecretary nnd
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 24n9 Clark
drive, ofllce comer Prior and Main streets,
J0TmNBYMBN~ Jf'XlL()KS'_~_UNION    OF
America,   Loral   No,   178—Meeting"     held
first  Monday III each month. 8 pin.    President.    A.    It.   Gfttenby;    vice-president,    11^
Larson; recording secretnry, W. W. Hocken^
Box 503; flnanclal secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 603. 	
GENERAL TEAMST>3RSr~AND ~CHAUF-
fenrs' Union, Local No. 65ft—Meets every
Wednesday at 8 p.m, President, W. J.
Brown; business ngent, J. F, Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenue east. Pbone Fair* 715R;
financial fceeretnry. Bert Showier. 1076 Robson   strfrj,   Phone   Soy.   5679.   Office,   Room
218. Labor Temple.      _
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. No. 2211—Meets
lust Sunday of each month nt 2 p.m. President, R. Mnrshnll; vice-president. W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands,
Box 06.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets In
' annual convention in January. Executive
officers, 1918-19: President. Duncan McCallum, Lnbor Templo, Vancouver; vice-presidents—Vancouver Islnnd, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Princo
Rupert, W. E, Thompson; Vnncouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Mnrtin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman,
Fernie. Secretary-treasurer, A, S. Wolls, Box
1538, Victoria, 11. C.
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MIMING REGULATIONS.
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan tnd Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-Wost Territories
and In a portion of tho Provinoe of British
Columbia, may be leased for t term of
twenty-one years ronewtl for t further term
of 21 years at tn annual rental of 11 tn
aere. Not more thtn 2,660 tcrei will be
leased to one appllotnt.
Amplication for t leaso must be made by
the applicant In person to tho Agont or Sub'
Agent of the district In which the rights tp
plied for tre situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be des
orlbed by sections, or legal sub-divisions ot
sections, and in unsurvoyed territory the
tract applied for shall *be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Eaoh application must be accompanied by
t foe of 15 whloh will be rix'unded If tin
rights applied for tre not available, bnt no)
otherwise A royalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of tbe mine at the rat.
of five cents per ton.
Tho person operating the mlno shall fnr
nlsh the Agent with sworn returns tccuuntlnit
for tbe full (inutility of merchnntthle ooal
mined tnd pay tbe royalty thereon If tin
coal minim; rights are not being operated
snch returns should be furnished at lens'
once   t   yesr,
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap 27 of 4P
Gi'orge V   assented to  121h June,  1914.
For full information application should b-
made to the Seeretary of the Department ol
Die Interior, (Hiawa, or tn any Agent or Bub
Agent of Dominion  Lands
W   W   CORY
Hepnty  Minister of  Interior.
N R—Unauthorised pnblleailon of Ihb
advi-rlUi-metit  will not  tm paid lor—8357ft
 VIOTOBIA, B. 0. 	
VICTORIA "TRADES AND LABOB
Council—Meets flrst and third Wednesdays, Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet,
at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-
president, T. Donley. 1278 Denmnn street;
secretary, A. S. Wells, Box 302, Vlctorit,
B^C	
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF UNITED
Brewery Workmen, Local No. 280—Meal*
at K. of P. hall, North Park street, on the
second nnd fourth Thursdays nf ench month.
President, E. Orr; secretary, W. E. Baryan,
2642 Scott street, Victoria, B. C.
 PRINCE BUPERT.  B.  0.	
PRINCE "RUPERT  TRADES  AND   LABOB
Council—Moots second and fourth Tuesdays of etch month, in Carpenters' hall.
Presidont, S. D, Macdonald; secretary, W, E.
Thompson, Box 273, Prinoo Rnpert, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. I.
LOCAL UNION, NO. *Vi. I, Al v\ „i A.-
Meets socond tnd fourth Sundays of eaeh
month, it 3:30 p.m., Richards Hall. Preaident, Walter Head; vice-president, Andrew
Parker; recording secretary, James Bateman;
financial secretary, W. Macdonald; treasurer. J. H. Richardson.
TRAIL, B.  0.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND
Joiners, Lncnl No. 2R5—Mepts In Mlnen'
Hall, everv Wednesdsv. 7'flfl t» ~ President, H. Bell; eeorettry, Fred CanneU, P. 0.
Drtwer 6., Trail, B. 0.
•Ale j
AND
Porter
     ii qBej
SEA Of America rQ**
COPrHICHT 6TMDI MMKRtGHTHIED ___ I
Union
MADE
Deer OITIOUL   PAPEB   TABOODVER
TttDES   ASS   LABOB   OOUNOIL
TENTH YEAR.
THEBRITISHCOLUMBIAFEDERATIONIST
EIGHT PAGES VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAyBrMmTf^TTI^
orioul ram wm aat.
Witt  PBDBRATIOM Of   UHI
New Teeth-Good Health-Long Life
Down to thc last detail of your tooth trouble DK.
LOWE will tell you what is wrong, what is essential to
IMPROVE CONDITIONS OF YOUB TEETH
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in most instances will do tho work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
DR. LOWE'S prices, value considered, aro reasonable.
fk&MJC.foynfLtf
REFUSE TO DEALVWTH
EL
| _
piC8Hartii^)SttwtW,CCcr.Abbct)Vancouvi»r*--ViHiM$yJ4fl
Oj»juy_U_ l_^__x_u\__ Big AUyve
B. C. Legislature Shows Its
Customary Docility As
Expected
Spring Goods
Wo are showing thc new spring SUITS for MEN and YOUTHS
20th Century Brand
All the most natty and up-to-date styles arc shown, including the BETTER HATS, the new styles from $3.00 to $6.00
NEGLIGEE  SHIRTS—Soft, double-cuff, from $1.50 to
!*B Kit
$3.50
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Charmeuse
Satins
*X»H1S IS another silk of recent arrival. It is 40 inches wide
* and comes in almost every now shade. It is better value
thnu you will flnd anywhere else at the same price, and will
give splendid wear. The shades include sapphire, Belgium,
wine, battleship, midnight, plum, taupe, Russian, saxe, emerald,
cerise, sky, pink, black and white. <jj O  O C
Specially priced at, per yard npO.eU^J
SABA BROS., Limited
THE SILK SPECIALISTS
652 GRANVILLE STREET
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SOI DOMINION BUILDING
CORNER CAMBIE AND EASTINGS STREETS
Refused to Touch Industrial
Conscription or Coolie
Labor Matter
VICTORIA,   Feb.   11.—(Special   to
The Fedorationist.)—Efforts of James
H. Hawthornthwaito, Labor's solo rep-
I resentativo in tho B. C. legislature, to
securo the passage    of    a resolution
against industrial conscription and   the
importation of coolio labor from China,
, wero unsuccessful on Monday when tho
legislature met to go through the formality of adjourning becauso tho government did not feel safe in carrying
on during tho absenco of tho premier
in Ottawa.   Or, did tho premier fear
to have tho government carry ou—fear
his   colleagues?     Anyway, Mr. Hawthornthwaite   explained   to   the houso
thnt the premier was en routo to Ot*
tawa to attend a conference of premiers at which would bo discussed numerous matters, among them industrial
conscription and importation of cheap
labor, so it was his desire that thc legislature should, by resolution, back up
tho   premier.     The   legislature   could
havo done this by unanimous consent,
and not bided by the strict rules of
thc house.   Thoy will bust enough rules
by tho time thc session is over.    But
the government of weaklings would not
go out of its way to do its bit for the
protection ot; the working class against
either industrial conscription or competition by cheap Chinese labor.   It waB
"Honest John" Oliver who was leading the govornment for the time, when
Mr. Hawthomthwaite's resolution was
advanced, and it wns this same "Honest John" who opposed it with tho excuse that the  "customary two days'
motion had not been given."   Honest
John, by the wny, has ii farm in tho
Dewdney   district, and,    perhaps,    ho
wouldn't bo averse to hiring a crew of
coolies.  If thero wero any of the others
in the legislature in sympathy with tlie
u.uking  clnss,    they  didn't  show   it.
Thoy will hnvo other opportunity, however, to make known just, where they
stand   as  regards   the   working   class,
whoso votes put them into powor.
The legislature after some perfunctory business ndjourned to Feb. 20.
This will givo Premier Brewster time
to get to Ottawa, spend a few days in
"discussion" with other premiers and
Hr Bobert Borden, flnd out if he can
havo a cabinet job, und thon como
home. As to the cabinot job, it would
bc a flne thing if tlie federal government would relievo Ihis province of an
oxoctitlco head who has already made
a mess of things, and it would bring
joy to the hearts of Liberals who see
munition of parly before them so long
as Browster remains premier and leader, Tho Coiiserva ti vos, on t he ol her
hand, are opposed  lo Brewster leaving
I SEATTLE UNIONISTS
TAKE FORWARD STEP
Will Convert The Union Becord Mo
a Daily and Build a New
Labor Temple
Tho Union Record, Seattle, ono of
the bost weekly Labor papers published
in tbe U. S., the property of Seattle
central labor body, under tho management of Mr. E. B. Ajlt, is to be converted into a daily paper during the
next two weeks, A modern plant is
now being installed, and with about
40,000 union men behind thc venture,
it should succeed.
In addition, Seattle unionists aro preparing plans for tho construction of a
new Labor Tomple, to cost somewhere
in the neighborhood of $300,000, to
replnee tho presont structure, which is
paid for but altogether inadequate for
presont requirements.
If the 20,000 trade unionists of B. C.
decide to tako an advance step, by
making tho subscription prico of The
Fedorationist a part of tho B,* C, F. of
L, per capita tax, as was unanimously
decided upon by the recent convention,
and which goes to tho referendum of
the membership next week for endorsement or rejection, there aro equal possibilities in this province, and The Fed.
management will not be slow in keeping up with the procession.
Manitoba Workmen Decide
to Reorganize and Unite
All the Forces
John G. Soltis Makes a Few
Practical Suggestions
to Voice Readers
Tho wage-workers of Manitoba have
I decided upon a reorganization of their
'Labor party. Unliko tho Federated
Labor Party in B. C, tho promoters
havo adopted a platform and will worry
through the task of frnming bylaws and
a constitution. There was very hearty
agreement by all present to thc proposition and the following tentativo platform, which hud been formulated at a
former meeting, was agreed upon:
1. Tho Labor party stands for the
transformation of capitalist property
into working class property to be socially owned and used.
2. Public ownership of railways,
telegraphs, telephones, franchises, water, lighting, etc.
3. For the fullest and freest education for all from the elementary school
to tho university.
4. Tho abolition of all property
qualifications and election deposits for
public office.
j    5.   Tho abolition of child labor undor
Premier Brewster Not Ex- lfl y°ars of a&°>an(1 tho °.8taolisllingof
ntimer urew&ier jaui .ua jequal piiy for equaI work for tofln and
URGE BETTER
The Strongest Line of
SILK SKIRTS
everf shown in the Wert now on display at
LADYWARE —a magnificent exhibit of new
spring fashions in plain colon, fancy stripes,
plaids, combination effects, etc.
$10.50,   $12.50
$15.00,   $16.50
They will prove a revelation in style, workmanship and price.
High-grade garments at extremely moderate
cost is the story in brief.
pectcd to Lend His
Assistance
BIND HP SEYMOUR 2364 FOR APPOINTMENT
shim »l tho Browstor govornmont, Probably tho wholo of thc constituouoios
would show a similar reversal if there
hod beea a geaeral election.
!E
NABOB
mm:     auiKHn      m*..!
Vacuum Packed
It's Always Fresh
ASK your grocer for
NABOB Coffee. Because it is such a rich,
fragrant, delicious coffee,
really exquisite and always of the same fine
quality. Blended, roasted
and vacuum packed by
Kelly, Douglas & Company, Ltd. Vancouver,
B.C.
IS
women,
0.   Equal suffrage for men and women over 21 years of age.
7.   This pnrty shall seek to obtain
representation on all public bodios.
It wus agreed that the platform
should be considered as open for amend-
! ments and additions after the pnrty hnd
I beon completely organized and consulta-
, tion held with the other provinces.
A committeo to draft constitution
nnd bylaws wus nppointed, consisting
of Brothers Simpson, Veitch, McAlpine,
Farmer, Warne, Winning and Higlcy.
An earnest discussion arose over the
basis of membership in the party. Tho
two bases, individual membership, and
delegatus from various organizations,
were advocated by various spenkers and
tho committee will have tho benefit of
the arguments presented.
Soltis Makes a Few Suggestions
In response  to  a request from  The
Voice, Winnipeg, John G. Soltis writes:
The I<abor party bids fair to becomo a
living reality.
Aims—Tho aims of this pnrty must
bo frankly revolutionary. Mr. Arthur
Henderson, M. P., of Englnnd, hns stated thnt the time is hero for revolutionary chnnges. If thnt is true of England, it is no less true of Cnnndn. The
Labor pnrty cnnijot successfully appeal
to tho proletariat, in these days, on a
sop bnsis. It cannot outsop (he capitalist parties. When Tiberius Graclius,
tho Roman, nsked three colonies for the
revolutionary proletariat of Rome, (lie
patrician sonntorfl flung twelve at them.
Tho effect Of tins patrician action was
thnt tho proletariat decamped from
...„.,. H«0 Muf-jiuuea »io[Grachus. Having done thnt then the
abuses cf tho lactones Act which go patricians of Romo gavo tho proletariat
on, flint has not opened up the company noting. I„ other words, the patricians
towna ot the province, and thnt has outSopped Grnchus, Therefore, nothing
shown it total disregard ot. tho working B_oi,t 0_ SOoialism will do.
Class since being placed in office. Reforms—However,  it does not fol-
As yot no offorts have been made to Iow Hmt thl} Labor   |lplv mmit spurn
open tho company towns so  that the  rcf„rm(J.   Not at all.   But it Is n socia-
properfy williin   thoir confines can  be  i-..:,. _—•—* -
walked on by thoso who rightfully own
it—the people of the province.   Instend
Government Has Not Shown
Itself As Interested in
Working Class
VICTORIA, . Fob. 11.—(Special to
The Federationist.)—It is not expected
that tho provincinl government this session will do a great deal for lho workers. James II. Hawthornthwaite, the
only Lnbor member of the house, will
havo his lir.mls full trying to convince
the government that the working clnss
is entitled to any consideration whatsoever. Whilo Premier Browster and
his government wero put in oflice by
working class votes, with tho expectation that some good would result, the
premier hnsn't shown himself to bo a
friend of the laboring mnn but, rnther,
the friend of corporations. Ho has conveniently forgotten, apparently, that ho
ever worked for wuges himself. The
member for Newcastle is said hero to
have a number of measures which, if
th'6 government Averc well disposed toward the working class, it would aid in
getting through tho houso nnd on the
statute books, but it is expected that
instead of lhat, Hr. Hawthornthwaite
will find the forco of the government
'Tir* "1," "I'l'"1"-'11  »" ""Mvsier leaving I mnehiiie   opposed    to   his   nmtrm»btvn
at this time  arguing that  ho is making j legislation for the good of t      wo 'k
it easy   or thom to defeat flic Liberal Nothing more could 1 o ex eel   I        ,'
0«*y.   The four byo-olections were a ffovornSont  which has p    ,      ,    ,,
Northwest Typos Say Annual Conventions Not
Necessary
 .«„ »„ <iu.   jjiil ic is a socia-
logic axiom that fo tlio degree (hut tho
, working  class  exercises  revolutionary
..-.uup-.-jMC"! tne province.   Instead, prossuro  in   that proportion  does  (lie
these towns-Bntnnn.u, Anyox, Ocean Upitaliat class   yield   to   salutary
tails, etc., are closed tight ns a drum,  forms.    But once le
nnd it is necossflrv to ffnt n nni-mif *«■*■»« *  -
 ~ ..-.-. .i ugui ns a iiriim,
nnd it is necessary to get it permit from
the managers to land on their soil. This
was a condition which was decried by
lho Brewster orators before the election, und not a few votes went to tho
government because it wns thought if
the Liberals were placed in power, company or closed towns, would soon 1)0 fl
thing of the pnst. But thev nre still
Thnt tho annual conventions of tho|fj,N[,n,».*Uo samo as before, tighter
Arnold & Quigley
February Clean-up
presents values in Men's high-grade Clothes that will interest
men inclined lo save money.
SATURDAY SPECIAL
One hundred and twenty-five Men's hand-tailored SUITS iu
fine English hand-flnishod worsteds and tweeds, in smart patterns; all tho now colorings. Regular C_QA TC
$30, $32 and $35 values.   Saturday's price  *?__-. / Q
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"The Store That's Always Busy"
546 GRANVILLE STREET
Internntionnl Typographical Union nre
a more or less unnecessary duplication
of tho work already done by district
conferences of local  unions   and   tho
machinery   of   referendum   which    is
used on eacli important question which
arises regardless of any action by such
conventions, is the substance of u resolution   passed   by   the   typographical
unions holding their nnniiul northwest
lonferoneo in Portland January 21 nnd
12.     Tho sentiment  in favor of dispensing with  the  annual conventions
of the international, while it had direct
expression by the northwest unions, is
not   local  in its scope,  but,  according
to reports from othor districts, is nearly
.intversal throughout the jurisdiction of
tho internntionnl.   It  is snid that tho
conventions oaoh ytar nro a needless
expense, ns all officers of Ihe internntionnl aro oloetod by referendum nomination and elect ion, uud all important
measures nro voted upon direct by the
rank and file in the same manner.   The
district conferences, now organized and
in operation throughout   tho   country,
nre functioning efficiently for the local
unions, and it is thought by those who
favor dispensing with the international
conventions flint   a   convention about
every threo or tour years would be sufficient to get direct action upon men-
sures of nnlion-wido importniico in tho
crut't.—fcfealtle Union Rocord.
if anything.
RUSE IN PAY FOB
C. P. R. Signs An Agreement
With Conductors, Engi-
neers, Firemen, Etc,
WAITERS' ORGANIZER
BACK IN VANOOUVER
Says Vancouver Locals Aro Looking
Just as Good as Any in Otber
Nortbwost dittos
Hurley Johnson, infcrnutionnl organizer of the Hotel and Kesfnurant Employeos' Alliance nnd the Ibtrtenders'
l.eag.ie, spent a few dnys in Vnncouver
lust wool:, but departed again for IV
got Sound cities whoro he is assisting
iu organization work. Ho snid while
hero that locnls of Vancouver woro in
as good shnpo as any in the Northwest, Orgnnizntion is increasing all
hrough this territory, Just at present
tho soft-drink employees nro forming a
union,
. -  «..«« idt tho working class
abandon  the substance for tlie shadow
then it loses everything.
Propaganda—If the Labor party is
itn be something more than a mere name
'it must conduct n vigorous propaganda,*
The public platform aad loaflots, its
own press, must be fully utilized to fhe
end of arousing the working class to
the consciousness of ifs revolutionary
mission. This phase of the Labor pnrty
is flic most important, otherwise it will
lie n party dying of dry rot.
Membership—-Any person subscribing
fo the principles and platforhi of the
parly should be eligible for membership.
The working rlass does not discriminate
,between ifs manual and Intellectual
workers.   They tire interdependent.
Hues—There Bhould be a monthly duo
not less tlmn 25 cents per month. Working class organ J Zttt I Ollfl obviously do-
pond Upon the pennies nf the workers,
for their mnlntonanco, This fnct must
be better appreciated by the workers.
The revenue thus obtained will be used
in promoting the work of the party.
Affiliations—There should not be any
1 othor miinner of affiliation tn the party,
save by individual membership. If tin1
pnrfv is to be one nf action, then it is
by far more important timt tin1 membership should be individually Interested, ll would not avail tlie party anything to hnve a larger per Capita pay-.
Itlg membership thnt showed no infet'cst
:.. t\.n .,«■...—. -* *> * -
Four thousand trninment of fhe 0.
P. R. from tlie lakes to tho const have
received au ndvnncc approximating 20
per cent, over their present wnge."and
working conditions are lurgelv improved
Wia malt-of an agroomont signed Sot-
"rdi.y at Winnipeg between the board
ropro^onting tho conductor*, engineers, . ,. . .
flromro, Bwltclimon and bVgagomon ' ,n?ml)or8,llP ,H tiangoroim to a cine
and the company.
,,/lV ?oiVen,lT00 !l! f^vrA\ve from January I, WIS. In addition, the ngreement
contains a clause thut the employees
ll tho  C.  P.   ]{. mentioned  shall  also,  , ,       .-,    ,   ■ .        .  -   »«	
havo the snme additional advance In olo,f ",'"' (1X*"T"1  ""' "rK!""z"t'»" all
wages nnd in the same basis as mny be l"V('1' ""' P^vmro.
ngreed between  tho truinmen    of   lho' ~ ' 1
Unnod Statos and the Washington gov. WANTS A LITTLE 'RESTORATION'
pnimont.   This, too. when known, shnll
oo retroactive on the 0. P. It. Wants Nation to Tako Over All Above
*t; ,T;/R'T!n!Mlt Bi*noa Sfttortay ™»- Li*»6 Expenses
atitutos eight hours as tho working day.     m    „,,,,.,     ' ,   ,
 ■'-•---          -    ■       H-     •        The British  Labor Tarty wauls  the
government fo eon/lseiito  all   incomes
in the ufTnirs of its own . ,„„
.membership is dangerous to a
scions orgnnizntion.
I   Secrotary—Thoro should bo
'secretnry who would attend lc
nes** of Ihe pnrty.   He could
organizer, pul
Such
elected n
tho busl-
llso fune.
ngenf
I reviottsly switchmen worked ten buun
and trainmen nine but lho sumo rata,. -	
ot pay goes under tho new agreement i above the necessary cost
rainmon \ !il T^ Tf Ts for '""^nancc and for the paymont of
o i'ronV v "'' '""!'.',m,),™ll;''",nS.wini,, nfo bitterly opposing tho
LroooTvo'on lUiWr"'0 n:''l i'1™' '■"'""■'» eoing to mVko lit prln-
moro tln, ,?, ' taBls oncolglitli clpal fight on tho tnxntlop Issuo,
more timu rogular wngos  whoro  pro- 	
vlomly ovortlmo wq. ono-tonth moro,   |   Tho "yollo.w peril" seems to hnvo
it vou imv.*i,'i i„i,,r,i ii. i. i   , i , ,     '"'''"'■•i' lost, jtrnyod nr stolon, hnt let
ymy]Vi lTlmTtVaear1^_-V   '"'" ,'ri,"r "V,T (ll° n,'in"l"l» "'"1 « »»w
"" ™—'    ir nnv nf tlio vie..- ! HP'" witlioul Ihn yollow will niiprnr—
ii    ir....t.i..   ,»..ii ..* *'
-Jin HOD, Lsbor Tomplo,
prosidont. throughout tin
  of tlio *
provinco.
! Hullo Weekly Bulletin.
II
Cut Rate Drugs
PY breaking the Drug Combine we have solved
the problem in Vancouver of the high cost of
living so far as your Drug wants are concerned.
Compare the prices and service at our stores with
what you have been getting.
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE:
405 Hastings St. W. Phonos Soy* 1065 ft 1066
BRANOH 8T0EES:
7 Hostlnf a Street WeBt Soymonr 3532
782 OranviUe Stroot Seymour 7013
2714 OranviUe Street Bay, 2314 ft 17440
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 ft 17330
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Samo prices and servico u
our over our counter.  Address 407 Hastings Street West.
WHEN YOU ARE READY TOR
YourSpringShoes
JUST KEEP THIS SHOE STOBE IN MIND
Tlie now models in both high and low cut Shoes arc here, nnd they nro
well worth tho consideration of any man who cares for particularly good
8 hoes.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVILLE STREET
GAS COKE
Is Coal with smoke, soot
and fumes removed.
4000 pounds coke equals
5250 pounds coal.
Bum Coke and Save Mor
PRICES:
One Ton -   -
Two Tons    -
% 7.5(
$14.00i
Vancouver Gas Co.
Carrall and Hastings
Phone _e_
5000
"Coke Sales PAGE FOUR
miwrmMmmmmm
the b. c.
fatllib*)! every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
ft. Parm. Pettipiece -.Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7405
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
Subscription: $1.50 per year; In Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in   a   body,   91.00.
RjSPRE SENT ATI VE3
Haw Weitminkter W. Yatos, Box 1021
Prinoe Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Vietoria  A. S. Wells, Box 1538
"Unity of Ubor:   tbe Hope of tbe World'
FBIDAY...
...February 15, 1918
IT IS QUITE enough to frighten ono
out of his wits to hoar tho tearful
squawk now boing put up by tho
sinister interests of thoso wostorn lands
about the uwful scarcity of labor. Ono
would almost fancy
KICKING UP that thoro was scarce
DUST TO HIDE a working animal
A CRIME. loft on oarth, or at
least in this part of
it, who was out of employment und
willing to accept a job, oven at fabulous wagos. In fnct thoro is so much
said nbout it, nnd so much stress is laid
upon tho nlleged awful fact, that ono
is quito tciiittt-ed to entortain the notion
that the intorests that are bo loudly
and persistently acclaiming tho dire
shortage, arc „ protesting nlmost too
much, to properly impress tho listener
with confidence in their sineorily. It
Bounds too much liko tho cry of "wolf!
wolf!" upon that memorable occasion
when no wolf was in sight.
* *        *.
As a matter of fact, thoro is no shortage of labor, either in Canada or the
United States. Tho very fact of thoro
being tho necessity of shutting down
of industry in tho United States for ono
day a weok, covering a considorablo
period, in order to relievo tho prossjro
upon tho railways so that coal could bo
puflhed forward to plaees whero it was
urgently needed, affords at least one
proof that labor is not scarce in that
country. While it may bo scarce at
somo particular points, thoro is such an
overwhelming surplus at othors, thnt
all deficiency can readily bo supplied
by nn intelligent distribution of that
which is available. It has boen particularly noted that some thousands of
workers, in excess of tho numbor that
could be employed havo boon attracted
to Seattlo and othor shipbuilding con-
tors on this coast. Thousands aro snid
to havo stood in lino at tho federal employment agencies in Soattlo within recent times, eagerly awaiting thoir turn
to be registered for employment. And
thero are lengthy lists of men now in
the hands of tho officials of the unions
in the shipbuilding trnde in this city
who tre hopefully awaiting a chanco to
be put to work. There is not a city on
this western continont out of which
thero could not be recruited thousands
of willing workers for farm work, or
any other linn of effort that would
mako thc call with anything liko decent
wages.
* *        *
But wages, ah, there's the rub. "What
a lot of noisy tommyrot has been ped
died about tho high wages that havo
resulted from this war. And it is tommyrot to bc sure. Thoro has yot to
como to this offico tho first shred of evi*
denco to show that tho avcrago wago
of labor is any higher than, or even as
high as it was when tho war broke out.
Meusjrcd in dollars and conts, it would
appear that wages havo appreciably advanced, but measured by the purchns-
l ing power of thoso wages and a different tale ig eloquently told. Tho average wage today will not purchaso tho
qjnntity of food clothing, etc., tbnt was
purchasable with tho far loss dollar-
und-cent-wago of fivo and ten years
ago. Tho complaint about wages having registered an advance is purely a
fairy talc, calculated to throw dust in
tho oyes of those who might appear inclined to poor too inquisitively into thc
ronl fncts of lifo under this beautiful
slave dispensation, whoro tho victim is
compelled to sell his labor powor, his
manhood and his immortal soul in tho
market place liko a Biwash klootch
soils clams.
* *       *
Of courso thoro is but ono thing to
do in the face of this torriblo "scarcity
of labor," that tho toolfl and mouthpieces of the ruling class ao raucously
prate about. And that is to import
slaves from othor lands to make up tho
deficit. Chinks, Negroes, anything and
everything in the lino of human cattle
that aro docile enough to be driven in
harness and helpless agninst being lassoed for tho purpose, look good to the
«lavo driving interests, that, figuratively, drool at tho mouth in sweot anticipation of tho profitable satisfaction to
bo drawn from tho fact of being ablo to
do their patriotic "bit" in thc glorious
cause of "making tho world safe for
democracy" nnd themselves, by tho introduction of cheaper and porhaps moro
docile slaves. It is but fair, however,
to say that if they succeed in finding a
cheaper und more docile lot than that
which is already with us, thoy will bo
fortunate indeed. Some hundred thousand or moro Jamaica negroes aro to bo
brought into tho United States. Big
employers of both lho United States
and Cnnada ure Blnvoring at tho jaws in
j nnticipntton of tho importation of yol-
vos from tho fur east. Confer-
ave beon held and others aro
nged to further the mat-
nportation, and wo shall bo
riBed if thc yellow flood be
theso shores in tho near
I in   spite  of  all  protests
*       *
i real reason behind all
' the sbortago of labor.   No
rioxists.   The real roason is to
letely flood tho market with do-
vob oa to rnako it impossible for
Already upon the ground, and por-
ess docile, to wrest any better
ons of employment from tho valid brutal interests that now domi-
" That, such o movo is prompted
■ less ulterior motive is to accre-
i groat capitalists and financiers
|is wealth-worshipping ago with a
altogether unthinkable In slnvo
s and drivers.   And lot no work-
pn l»c sufficiently gullible to for a
"f fancy lhat anything that labor
inv in protest ngainst tho Importn
heap human wares into Canada
""   ' fctavo market will in nny
thc ruthless and consoi
lers in human flesh who rulo
Km follwing the path that
i plunder.
DURING THESE interesting days
when the capitalist press and all
tho rest of the paid prostitutes of
thc ruling class arc joyously engaged in
noisy vilification of the Russiaa Bolsheviki, it is a matter
LIGHT THROWNof much satisfaction
ON RUSSIAN to bo favored with
POLITICS. anything in tho way
of authentic information that may tend to dissipate tho fog
of misrepresentation and downright
falsehood raised by tho noisy chorus of
intellectual courtesans. And when such
informntion comes direct from tho responsible head official of tho Bolsheviki
government, Premier Lenin himself,
thoro can bc littlo doubt of its credibility, tor it is well-known to all mea, that
however much it may bo necessary for
ruling claBB statesmen, premiers and
such like to resort to falsehood and doceit in order to bolster up the gamo of
slavery, for which they stund sponsors,
and whose spokesmen, guardians and
apologists they are, the cause that
makes for tho abolition of that slavery
could only bo furthered by strict adherence to the truth and the indisputable facts. It is crime only that must
resort to falsehood and deceit to cover
its loathsome tracks. And no crimo
wns ever yet avenged and no criminal
over brought to justice, by a reBOrt to
still other crimes to effect that ond. And
for that roason, all ruling class jurisprudence slinks to high heaven anil the
volume of crime in ruling class civilization is continuously nnd prodigiously
augmented, as the days of that precious
civilization arc prolonged.
* * *
Elsewhere in this issue, thnnks to tho
Winnipeg Voico, will be found an illuminating classification of the various
strata that ot preeent constituto the po-
itical formation in Russia. It is from
the hand of M. Lenin, tho Bolsheviki
premier. Its careful perusal will clear
up in the minds of readers much of that
confusion that has been bo sedulously
and salaclously spread by thc obscene
agents of cIubs rule aad robbery
throughout the oarth. It clearly shows
why the animus of the ruling class nnd
its lickspittles nnd apologists, against
tho Bolsheviki, It accounts for all of
the accusations of pro-Germanism, anarchism, terrorism, and all other horrible isms imaginable, hurled at tho Bolsheviki, by the noisy rulers, revenue
patriots, and their attendant vermin in
nil lands. In the indisputable fact that
tho Bolshoviki is nothing moro nor less
than the movement of tho class conscious proletariat of Russia to free itself,
as well as tho proletariat of all tho
earth, from the chains of Blavery, by
the overthrow of thc ruling class—
whother monarchists, feudal junkers or
capitalists—and the ending of its brutal nnd degrading rule, lies the key to
the poisonous venom spewed upon the
Bolsheviki by tho brazen harlots and
vulgar pimps of press and platform.
* *        *
And in turning tho light upon tho
political classifications in Russia, Premier Lenin has drawn a faithful portrait of our very own. All the gradations ure to be found hero thut ho has
so clearly pictured thoro. From the
brazen and openly brutal extreme right,
that knows no concept but that of brute
force—militarism with its press gang
methods and its blood and gore psychology—down the gamut of the varying
degrees of pretence, deceit, falsehood,
trickery and a hypocritical profession
of intense love for democracy und tho
common people, that is in itself a veritable masterpiece of impudent humbug
—clear dowa to thc proletariat slowly
but surely awnkening to a consciousness
of its Blavery und becoming fired with
tho snme spirit of revolution that has
forced the Bolsheviki along the road of
humnn progress, not a solitary link is
missing in tho chain, They aro nil
hero, as they aro in far off Russia. And
it could not well be different, for the
same old yoke of slavery that has pressed for conturios upon the necks of
Russian workers, has long pressed and
is still pressing upon tho necks of tho
workers of these most glorious democracies of tho earth, and its pressure is
bringing, and must bring tho same results. Given thc samo causo tho same
economic, political and socinl results
will inevitably follow. Lot overy porson into whoso hands this issue of The
Federationist may fall, read carefully
tho articlo in question, and not only
read but inwardly digest. And in tho
rending of it thoy will surely find no
difficulty in imagining that it had been
written with especial reference to political classifications nnd concepts right
hero upon this western continont.
T1AT WHICH could not fail to be
orcsecn by any ono possessed of
even tho slightest knowlcdgo of
capitalist production, endowed with
reasoning   faculties   to   allow   of   the
drawing of inevitable
THE NEUTRAL conclusions from self-
ENEMY AT evident   facts,   is
THE GATE. gradually soaking its
way through tho
thick and obtuse mentality of some of
thc greatest statesmen and most astute
scholars and observers of these stirring
times. Theso brilliant ones are beginning to discover that, as a rosult of this
magnificent ruling class wnr that is being so nobly and gloriously waged for
such lofty purposes as tho "rights of
small nations," und tho "making of the
world safe for democrncy," tho civilized world is being driven to actual
starvation, nnd that even now thc spectre of gaunt famine is awaiting nt tho
outer gate. And some thero aro who
aro sufficiently astute to bo able to seo
that this spectre, though in every sense
of the word strictly neutrnl, is fho ono
common enemy of both sides to tho miserable controversy, that is to step in
and reap tho victory.
• *       *
There is approximately onc-hnlf thc
population of tho globe that may be
considered as directly involved in this
Bplondid ruling class blood debauch.
Countless millions of theso people have
ulrendy perished at tho hands of war,
and the ultimate fate of tho rest of
thom hangs in tho balanco for tho final
decision. If tho war is to continue oven
for another twelve months, starvation
uloso will swcop countless millions more
pawns from tho chess board of ruling
claBB insanity and blind fury, and if
tho magnificent Hpcctnclo is to bc continued for anothor three and n hnlf
years, whole nationB will be exterminated through famine. In view of lho present food situation and thc demoniacal
zeal with which tho brutal nnd blind
militnry rulers of nations aro stripping
essential industries of slaveB in order to
food their greedy cannon, what othor
conclusion can reasonably be drawn!
What other result can be reached?
Whether tho time mentioned bo too long
or too short for its realization matters
little, but the result indicated is inevitable if thla war-mad policy is to bo
pursued to the bitter ond.
♦ *       *
And who short of a blind ass could
for a moment imagine that fully 100,-
000,000 of tho physically fit and the
ablest adults could be turned from useful and humanly essential production,
to tho murderous, destructive and brutally savage purposes of war, slaughter
and devastation, and this be continued
for any appreciable length of time,
without bringing tho civilization, of
which it is at least a one-eighth part, to
its final end by sheer starvation? Even
in times of pence tho present system of
slavory totters upon nn unstable foundation. Its existence is uncertain becauso of its top-heaviness, duo to tho
fact that a comparatively small portion
of itB slaves arc engaged in the production of tho essential things of life, while
thc greater portion, plus the entire gang
of capitalists and their official retainers,
npologists and boosters, live upon thnt
production. Tho food, clothing, shelter
und other really essential thingB are
produced by at least less than half of
the working forco of tho nations. The
ontiro population lives upon that. All
production outside of that which is es-
sentinl—and food, clothing and shelter
constitutes fhe great bulk of that—is as
truly wasted, as far as satisfying nny
legitimnto human need is concerned, us
is thn energy expended in the slaughter
and devastation incidental to war. Any
serious interruption of the production
of the essential things of lifo even during times of poace. is at onco followed
by suffering and distress. If long continued, actual starvation will ensue.
And when millions nro withdrawn from
essential production and added to the
horde of non-essential producers nnd
parasites—as in timo of war—and
waste nnd useless effort is thus multiplied an hundred fold, thc top-heaviness
of thc slavo edifice of class rulo is accentuated and its complcto collapse
threatened. Thut is what is going on.
That is why the grim spectre of gaunt
famine now sits at tho outer gate, heralding tho fate that awaits tho empiro
of class rulo in tho immediate futuro,
if the present policy of fool statesmen
is to be followed to its logical and only
conclusion.
* * *
There is nothing that can forfond
tho onslaught, the triumphnnt onslaught
of that grim spectro now sitting nt the
gate. It will as inevitably sweep
Europo as will tho sun rise upon thc
morrow. And its triumph is within
measurable distance. Thanks to tho fool
statesmen and patriotic wisacres of this
western continent, they who havo rc-
spoaded to the scout of blood and have
driven or cajoled the silly gudgeons of
these lands into participation in the
deadly European holocaust, we shall not
escapo tho clutch' of starvation and the
withering blast of famine. Aye, thoro
is nothing that can forfond the grim
and terrible experience, short of an uprising of the workers in all of the countries now accursed with war and class
fury, and thero are no assuring signs
that such aa event is probable. The
slaves aro still too loyal to their masters and too proud of their own chains.
But tho grim neutral, that gaunt spectre of world famine still sits grinning
at tho outer gate, and it can not bo
exorcised by oither the fulminations of
labor leaders or the verbal lucubrations
of alleged statesmen and other ruling
cluss nincompoops. And thc slogan
upon his shield is "Famine ubor alios."
Will some kindly disposed person
please adviso Thc Federationist where
tho new federal fnir wngo officer can
be found?
As a measure of war-time economy,
Tho Federationist suggests thut thc
fedoral government tie the cnn on the
alleged ministor of lnbor. Ho is neither
useful nor ornamental.
Wouldn't it be just as well for the
provincial government to enforce some
of the "labor" legislation passed at
last session beforo again burdening thc
statute books at Victoria?
I deteBt tho shedding of blood; I
labor for the regeneration of humanity,
and I lovo thc good for the good's own
sake that which violence wins
for us today, nnother act of violence may wrost from us tomorrow. Thoso stnges of progress are
alone durable which havo rotted themselves in tho mind and conscience of
mankind. Thc only means of realizing
what ts good is to teach it by education
nnd propagate it by example.—Francis-
Ferrer.
Tho causo of democracy reports progress during tho past week. A few
moro wicked, vicious and pro-German
I. W. W.'s wero tarred and feathered
in the most approved Christian manner,
greatly to tho delight and satisfaction
of all good, pious and loyal souls. This
happened somewhere in (deleted) a
country especially dedicated to democracy's service, and whoso governing
cluss is filled to tho point of bursting
with an intense and vengeful disgUBt
at tho very thonght of wicked autocracy and its awful atrocities, especially in Belgium.
In order to calm the easily excited
multitude that is prone to alarm over
tho continual increnso of prices that is
going on, Tho Foderntionist begs leave
to suggest, that such ndvunco of prices
is not so much due to increased cost
of production us it is to tho tremendous inflation of currency (credit) Induced by tho war. A fow months more
of this eminently delightful world spectacle and this stuff culled circulating
medium will bo converted into real
"stage money." It is nothing but
wind, anyway. Thut is why it's so
easy to blow it in.
"Somo great history is being made
theso days for the historian of tho futuro to analyze. Tho high lights of
this ago will not bc on its battlefields,
but on the decisions made by tho dreamers and thinkers of its legislative
halls."—Stockton, Kansus Record.
Right you are. When this war is
over tho men with iron crosses covor-
ing their front, will bo dumped into
obscurity and prnisc will como to thoso
who wero thinkers of peace, who kopt
the world from suicide Many of tho
Wrld's noblest men nro bohind bars,
but like Russia, tho world will open thc
doors, and thoy will tnko thoir place
with tho new world-builders.—Truth.
selves, and without ovor having been
upon the ground.
Tho Minnesota supreme court in upholding tho state law making it * a.
crimo to discourage enlistments in the
army, recently declared that "tho guarantee of free speech in tho federnl constitution doeB not prevent punishment
of those advocating measures inimical
to the public wolfare." In othor words
tho "guaraatce of froe speech doos not
prevent the punishment of those" who
indulge in it. All of which goes to
increase our admiration for the law nnd
greatly augments our reverence for that
ancient and honorable institution,
which the student applying for admission to the bar bo aptly and truthfully
defined as "tho scionco of injustice"
And now tho good and docilo pooplo
of the United States aro to bc regaled
with a "labor loyalty week," thanks
to Mr. S. Gompers, of Washington, D.
C. And yet from this distance we confess to being unable to see why such
a performance is nt all necessnry. Labor
is always loyal to tho limit. It is
meek, cringing and docilo even in times
of ponce, and when the dogs of wnr
nre let loose by rulers and lustily buy
for tho blood of slavo victims, that
clnss iu humnn society that furnishes
tho victims becomes thc most disgustingly loyal and belly-crawling devotees
of rule, robbery and rapine ia thc entire job lot of 'sycophants nnd loyalty-
squawkcrs. A "labor loyalty week" is
entirely superflous. Wo have a "labor
loyalty'' year onco every twelve
months, as it is, nnd that should bc
quite enough.
Thc value of farm products of thc
United States for 1917 is given as $19,-
443,840,381. This is approximately *175
per head for tho entire population of
the country, or $875 per family. Instend of the farmer laying awake nights
trying to figure out ways to increase
lm production, he might, with far greater profit, spend a littlo timo in learning what renlly becomes of this fabulous amount of essential weulth that ho
evidently produces. Lot no captious
hair-splitter run away with the idea
thut we mean capitalist farmers. Wc
menu the real ones, the men who do
tho work necessary to raise the crops,
the foodstuffs, tho wool, the cotton, tho
flax, tho leather, etc., of thc world. And
we opino that when the fanners really
find out what sort of a gold brick gahie
is worked upon them under the capitalist regime, they will lose interest in
devising ways and means of increasing
production, but get good and busy in
discovering how to avoid being robbed
out of that which they do produce.
'With 26 head of steers, 400 fat
goats and a carload of potatoes which
I marketed this past year, I cleared
$09 on tho potatoes and failed to play
even on the livestock. With a largo
family to support, I can't continuo
raising foodstuffs just to bo a good fellow, when I can get from $5 a day
up in tho neighboring coal mines or
the smelters, and most lnbor is bawling for $0 a day minimum." Thus
speaks a Colorado farmer. And what
is truo of tho Colorado farmer is, no
doubt, true of them all. But the way
out of thc difficulty is plain. Let all
farmers leavo off tilling tho soil and
go into the conl mines, smelters, etc.,
and reap some of the easy money therein obtained. What is tho uso of raising food, etc., whon, tho wage route to
affluence is thus invitingly wide open?
And when all the farmers havo abandoned agricultural and pastoral folly
and nro earning fabulous wages by
holding down fnt jobs that aro in reality sinecuros, it stands to reason that
they will be in a position whereby thoy
can readily purchaso such vulgar and
commonplace products of tho soil ns
their low appetites may cravo. Tho
line of least resistance is tho line to
follow. Don't produco nnything. Just
buy it when you want it. It's lots
easier and far more genteel.
Tho boast is now made thai the production of wealth in the province of
Saskatchewan for the year 1917 wns
greater, in proportion to Hi**- population,
thnn thnt of any -.(her province or
state on enrth. I- wo.itlo be IpfTrfoatlng
tn know just how much weaJthlor the
farmcrB of that provinco me. i#l censo-
quence of thiB gii-nt, prod.htion. And
wc nre not dispot<»l to tal j any newspaper yarn about it, cither. We insist
upon having the mforirw.tion at first
hands. Let the Maskatchewan fanners
toll Iho story. It will, no doubt, be a
good ono. All tuch BttricB nro, and
hnvo so beon, down thn ugh the ages.
In fact, wo could almon!  tell ft our*
After receiving from a delegation re
presenting all of the employees of a
certain navy yard in ono of tho warring countries not moro than ten thousand miles from Germany, a documentary asseveration of loyalty and devotion, that as an expression of the ultimate in belly-crawling procliviitics thc
head of a great navy took occasion to
remark, that "it is gratifying to know
that most of the men engnged in navy
yards feol the compulsion of patriotic
duty, etc.", ad nauscum. And what ho
mistook for "thc compulsion of patriotism," is nothing but the materialistic
and sordid compulsion of tho belly,
which prompts tho brain therein contained, to perBpicaciously cultivate tho pro-
sent in such a manner as to insure a
prolongation of stomnch-satisfying jobs
woll into tho future. But, dollars to
doughnuts, that tho sanie navy department head possesses altogether too thorough an understanding of slave psychology and belly mentality to bo laboring
under any misapprehension as to tho
motive that affords tho urgo for the
idiosyncracies, absurdities nnd grotesque antics of slaves. Also a bot upon
tho side, that tho belly-crawling performance referred to was hatched in an
official atmosphoro that is not vitiatod
and disturbed by tho noise, thc dirt and
the smoke of tho navy yard itself.
According to official figures recently
givon out, 252,000 of those pntriotic
Americans called in tho first draft failed to appear for service. Of those who
did appear, 730,750 wero rejected as
physically unfit for cannon fodder. And
this approximately one million men, all
young men, between 20 nnd 30 years
of ago. Fully one-quarter of them were
unwilling to fight on bchnlf of that
which had already rendered tho remaining three-fourths physically unfit for
the noble purpose of slitting throats
and spilling guts. Now this is very interesting, very much so, indeed. And
Mr. Samuel Gompers has arrangod for
only ono "Loyalty Week" during tho
present year, a week in which tho servile and cowardly slavo is to affirm, nnd
renffirm his devotion and loyalty to thot
clnss in human society whose accursed
rulo mnkes slaves and paupers out of
all wealth producers and cripples and
derelicts out of tho most of thom. Tho
great Snmuel should nrrnngo for at
least 52 '' Loyalty Weeks'' every
twelvo months in order to give tho fool
killer an opportunity to bring his commendable task to a complete nnd triumphant conclusion, wherein there will be
no disloyalists in a world of domocratic
physicnl cripples nnd unfits. And who
shnll dnro assert thnt tho prosont course
boing pursued by the democrptienllv fn.
toxicated nations of tho earth will not
eventually result in tho realization of
such a democratic millcniuml
And now tho works of tho late Pnp-
tor Rissoll are barred from Canndn.
Any one henceforth enngh* with a corrv
is to be judicially mulcted of the mod-
est sum of $5000. We flwpnr before nl-
mighty Mars thnt we have neither n
copy of thc banned literature nor $5000.
And we further moBt solemnly avouch,
that nil such, literature we over did
havo we borrowed from friendly
Bible studeutB, and returned even before our paternal govornment at Ottawa discovored the wicked and dangerous nature of its printed contents.
As all International Bible Students'
literature is compiled from and based
upon an interpretation of tho Scrip-
turoB, we do often wondor how it is
that any Christian nation can be
thrown into such a cold sweat of fright
as to mako it necessary to placo the
ban upon tho lessons and couciusions
drawn from an interpretation of that
Holy Writ upon which its religious
faith, to say nothing of its morals,
ethics and business practice, is founded.
Can it bo that a large and lusty Ethiopian is snugly ensconced in the woodpile of ruling class pretence, promise
and performance? Is every profession
made by tho ruling class a deliberate
Iiof Tho Federationist sincerely hopes
not, for in that event its unbounded
ovorence and respect for rulers and
their bull con will bo destroyed, and
lifo becomo a desert of pessimism unbroken by even a fleeting jack rabbit
of hope.
^00SS_mTm
PERMANENCY!
np HE passing of timo docs not diminish the beauty or
x lesson tho value of a lino diamond. In this way it is
unliko any other form of merchandise. Thoro is no deterioration, no matter how much it is used.
A Birks' Diamond—with its well-known guarantee of
quality—is a gift which tho passing of yoars doos not
eftect except to incrcaso its valde.
J^jtJc*
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man, DIr.
Granville St.
Thoso gallant patriots and'most noble
first citizens of Bisbee, Ariz., who were
responsible for tho forciblo deportation
of 1,200 of tho only decent persons that
over inhabited that copper burg, arc
now tho valiant proprietors of a "Loyalty League." Wo know of no renson
why this splendid aggregation of loy-.
alty and patriotic fervor should not
heartily participate in the delcctahfo
festivities incidental to Mr. S. Gom-
pcrB' "Loynlty Week." In fnct, thero
is no logical reason yot known why ho
should not extend the hand of fraternity aud good-fellowship to thc noble
band. Its brand of loyalty cannot bo
distinguished from his own, ana surely
Samuel will not lay claim to a monopoly
of that sort of stock in trado. His
well-known and fearsome hostility to
"unfair" aggregations of capital precludes all possibility of that.
There Bhould bo an opon season for
the man who is always talking about
tho "standard of living" and throwing fits for fear it will be reduced.
Thore is no standard of living for wago
slaves. Thero used to be a standard of
living for chattel slaves and thoro is
even yet such a standard for horses,
oxen, muleB and pigs. Theso aro always prnctically eortain of getting
enough food, shelter, etc., to keep them
in proper condition for service or bring
them to suitable condition for tbo market. But just common ordinary wago
slaves? Nothing doing, son, nothing
doing, when it comes down to a "standard of living" for that sort of property. Tho wnge slavo costs nothing
in the first instance, and thero is plenty
of his kind to take his placo if ho blows
up or breaks down. Hence it is unnecessary to insure him ngainst wear
and tear by fortifying his stomach with
amplo food and his back with suitable
clothing. Let him ' shift for himself
us best he can, i.e., legnlly, Compel
him to subsist upon tho least possible
amount of grub, etc., that ho can bo
induced to enjoy. If he croaks, no ono
suffers any loss, becauso ho doesn't cost
anything, anyhow. If ho doesn't liko
it let him become an honest capitalist
and he can then enjoy a real "standard of living," or at least that which
might be do termed without laying tho
basis for a criminal libel suit. A "standard of living" for wago slaves? For
heaven's sage, cut it out. it is impossible.   Talk sense.
Tho tcBt of property is that it brings
to its owner a revenue without effort
upon his pnrt. Robinson Crusoe lived
nlone upon his island for mnny years.
He had no proporty. He had to feed,
clothe and shelter himself. Friday enmo
along. Ho was rescued from an Irish
stow fato by Mr. Crusoe. Lo and bo-
hold, Crusoo at once became n property
owner. Friday constituted tho property. Robinson no longer was compelled to provide for himself. His
property (slave Friday) now kept him.
And thero is no other property on
earth even unto this day, other thnn
tho millions of Fridays (slaves) who
toil and swent in the furnace of tho
ruling class hell in order to bring revenue—in the shape of good eats, drinks
and other delectablo things—to their
owners for nothing. There is no other
property on earth but slaves. No other
property is even conceivable that could
bring a revenue to its owner. Tho
great clnss of docilo humnn beings,
strong in tho back but weak in the
head, constitutes all thero is to tho
honsted property of thiB ruling-class
civilization. It is tho commnnd of that
property that affords tho basis of all
trade, commerce, finance, and other
business thimble-rigging and flimflam.
It is that proporty that is capitalized,
loaned, borrowed, mortgaged, hypothecated, bought, sold and swapped
throughout tho world. And thero is
nono othor. For therein lies tho sole
exchango value producing power known
to man. And what is known o;itsido
of him does not count in thc realm of
business and proporty. Think it ovor
a bit, you slaves who aro so proud of
your freedom, your democracy and your
loyalty to your country and your rulers.
And having thought over it for a whilo
go forth and blow about your democracy and dignity somo more. Just
think of it—proporty blowing about itself. If a mule was property, it
wouldn 't bo foolish enough to bray
approvingly thereof. But mules nre not
property. They ennnot feed nn owner.
Thoy cannot even be capitalized aB an
investment or mndo to pull a plow,
except ronl property in tho shape of n
human slave can be commandeered to
officiate as chnporono, wot-nurso nnd
valet de chnmbro to their long-cared
majesties.   But what's tho use?
'OONSCRIPTION" IN PRACTICE
[Calgary News-Telegram]
Hon. T. A. Crerar, minister of agriculture, has mado nrrungemonts for tho
creation of "leave of absence" boards
in each provinco, through which soldiers drafted under tho Military Servico Act are to be granted leave from
militnry duty in order to engage in
farm labor. Whnt has become of that
"urgent and immediate" need of reinforcements nt tho front that Burden
fold us nbout eight months ngo? With
but 10,000 nf the "necessary" 100,000
men in khnki up to date, it seems thnt
even theso, instead nf being rushed to
the front to supply the "urgent nnd inv
mediate need for lOO.onn troops," nre
to be sent bnck to the farms to produce
foodstuff*. The government's conscription policy seems to hnvo been somewhat "loaded."
Rn<tfl!fl is nn* nnnrch'stif. Austin is
not lnwloss, The despised Bolsheviki
nre not nrd nev«r hnve been pro-Gor-
mnn. and t^c nttit tde rf the American
pro***! In falling *o undfirstfind them hns
tended te n:d the li>»..-nr\- an use.—Col.
Bnvcc ThnmpRon, NT  Banker.
POLITICAL PARTIES IN RUSSIA
(Continued from Page One.)
delegates, from top to bottom over
tho wholo country,
9. Shall a constituent assembly be
called?
(a) Not necessary, for it might injure tho landholders. Suppose the
peasants at tho constituent assembly
should decide to tuko away tho land
of the landholders?
(b) Yes, but without stipulation of
timo. Furthermore, tho learned professors should bo consulted, first, becauso Bebel has already pointed out
that jurists aro tho most reactionary
pooplo in the world, and second, because tho oxporience of all revolutions shows that tho cause of tho
people is lost when it is entrusted to
tho hands of professors,
(c) Yes, and as soon as possible. As
to the time, wo havo already discussed it in tho meetings of tho "Advisory Commission" two hundred
timos, and shall definitely disposo of
it in our two hundred and twonty-
first discussion tomorrow.
(d) Yes, und as soon as possiblo.
Yet, to bo successful und to be really
convoked ono condition is necessary:
Incrcaso tho number and strengthen
tho power of the Councils of W, S.
and P. delegates; organize and arm
tho masses. Only thus can tho assembly bo assured.
10. Does the state need a police of
the conventional type and a standing
army?
(a) nnd (b) Absolutely, for this is
tho only permanent guarantee of tho
rule of capital and in caso of necessity, as is taught by tho oxporienco
of all countries, the return from republic to monarchy is thus greatly
facilitated.
(c) On tho ono hnnd, it may not bo
necessary. On tho other hand, is not
so radical a chnnge premature? Moreover, we can discuss it on tho Advisory Commission.
(d) Absolutely unnecessary. Immediately and unconditionally universal
arming of the people shall bo introduced so thnt thoy aad the militia
and tho army shall bo an integral
whole, Capitalists must puy the
workers for their days of service for
tho militia.
11. Does the state ueed an officialdom
(Chinovniks) of the conventional
type?
(a) and (b) Unquestionably. Nine-
tenths of them are thc sons nnd brothers of the landholders und capitalists. They should continuo to constituto a privileged, in fact, an irremovable body of persons.
(c) Hardly tho proper time to put
a question which has already been
put practically by tho Paris Commune.
(d) It does not. All officials must
not only bo selected by tho people,
but also bo subject to recnll by them;
also each and every delegate. Their
puy shall not exceed that of a good
worker. They oro gradually to be
replaced by the nntionnl militia and
its various divisions.
12. Must officers be elected by the
soldiers?
(a) and (b) No, it would bo bad for
tho landholders and capitalists. If
tho soldiers cannot bo otherwise contented, wo must promise* them th
reform nnd ofterwardB tako it away
from them.
(c) Yes.
(d) Not only elected, but every step
of every officer and general must bo
subject to control by special soldiers'
committees.
13. Are arbitrary removals of their
superiors by the soldiers desirable?
(a) and (b) They aro very bad.
Guchkov already forbado them, oven
threatening the uso of force. We
must support Guchkov.
(c)    Yes, but it remains to bo do-
(Continued on pago 5)
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Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
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Clothing
345 Hastings Street
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at  both  stores
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PAGE FIVE
THEATRES
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of February 18
One of the most phenomenal plays of the decade —
"ROLLING
STONES"
Never played before at
less than $2.00 prices.
A DRAMATIC
MASTERPIECE
Don't Miss It
Prices—16c, 30c, 40c
ORPHEUM
Week of February 18
"VANITY  PAIR OF  1918"
with big beauty chorus
Mcdonald and Rowland
"harry hokman~and~"co7
basil and allen
harry—conley—etta
regal and bender
cycling brunettes
Evenings:    16c,  30c,  40c,  55c,  80c
Matinees: 16c, 20c, 30c, 66c
COLUMBIA
THURSDAY, FBIDAT AND
SATURDAY
POUR ACTS of VAUDEVILLE
—and—
BEST   FEATURE   PICTURES
Prices—5c, 16c and 20c
PANTAGES
am HBXT   WEEK
Winston's Water Lions
and Diving Nynpfas
SIX OTHER
BIG ACTS
' To  uifuilicrs  of  any  union   In   Citiftila   ft
I apnclAl  t-fttt-   for Thp  Pi'derfttlnnltit  of  SI
per yn.>r—if • club of 10 or more U lent
POLITICAL PARTIES IN RUSSIA
(Continued from Pnge 4)
cided whether they must bo removed
beforo or nfter consulting the Advisory Commission,
(d) They arc in every respect indispensable. Tho soldiers will obey
only tho peers of. their own choice;
thoy can respect no others.
14. In favor of this war or against it?
(a) and (b) Unquositnonbly in fa-
Vor, for it brings in unheard of
profits to the capitalists and promises to porpotuate their rule, thnnks
to dissension among the workers, who
are egged on against oach othor. Tho
workers hiust be deceived by calling
tho war a war for nntionnl defense,
with the speciul object of dethroning
Wilheln*.
(c) In general, wo aro opposed to
imperialistic wars, but wo nre willing
to permit o.irselves to bo fooled, and
to call this a war of "revolutionary
defense" and to support an imperialistic government of Guchokov,
Ifilyukov & Co.
■(d) Absolutely opposed to all im-
pennlistie wars, to all bourgeois
governments which wage them,
amongst them our own provisional
govornment; absolutely opposed to
"revolutionary defenso" in Russia.
15. Are we in favor of or against the
predatory international treaties concluded between the czar and England,
Prance, etc. Tor stranglbg of Persia,
tho division of China, Turkey, Austria, etc.)?
(a) and (b) Absolutely in favor. At
tho snme timo wo must not think of
publishing theso tronties, for Anglo-
French imperialist capital does not
■desiro it, nor do their governments,
nnr can Russian capital nfford to initiate tho public into all its dirty
practices.
(c) Agninst, but wo hopo that Advisory Commission, aided by a simultaneous "campaign" among tho
mnsseo, mnv '"nflucnco" tho capitalists' government.
(d) Against; o.ir wholo task is
simplv this: Tn enlighten tho
masses, as to utter hopelessness of
expecting anything of thiB kind from
cnpHnl'sts' Government, nnd the necessity of giving nil power tn Iho proletariat and thc poorest pensnnfs,
16. For annexations or against?
(a) and (b) If the annexations nro
to be accomplished by German enni-
tnpsfs and their robber chieftain,
Wilhclm, wo aro opposed tn them.
If by the English, we are not opposed, for thoy aro "our Allies." If
dv our capitalists who fnrc'blv retain within the boundaries of Russin
tho races oppressed by the cznr, then
wo are in fnvor, fnr wc do not use
the term annexation in thiB connection.
(c) Against annoxation, but wo hope
it may bo possible to obtain from
capitalists' governments a "promise" to renounce annexations,
(d) Againat annexations. Any promise of a capitalists' government to
renounce annexations is a huge fraud.
To show it up is very simple,* just demand that each nation be froed from
the yoko of its own capitalists.
17. In favor of the "Liberty Loan"
or opposed to it?
(a) and (b) Entirely in favor, for
it facilitates the waging of an im-
- perialistic war, that is, a war to determine which group of capitalists
shall rule the world. -,
(c) In favor, for our illogical attitude on "revolutionary" defense
forces us into this obvious dofection
from the cause of internationalism.
(d) Against, for the war remains
imperialistic, boing waged by capitalists, in tho interests of capitalists.
18. Shall we leave to capitalist governments the task of expressing the
desire of the nations for peace, or
shall we not?
(a) and (b) We shall, for the experience of the social patriots of tho
French republic shows bost how tho
peoplo may be deceived hy such a
process; Bay anything you please, but
in reality retain all conquests wo
have from tho Gormans (their colonies) nnd tako away frota tho Germans all conquests made by these
robbers.
(c) Wc shall, sinco wo havo not yet
relinquished all tho unfounded hopes
which the petite bourgeoisie attaches
to tho capitalists.
(d) No, for the class-conscious
worker cherishes no hopes whatever
from the capitalist class, and it is
our function to enlighten tho masBca
as to tho baselessness of such hopes.
19. Must all Monarchies he abolished?
(a) and (b) No, certainly not tho
English, Italian aud allied monarchies, only the German, Austrian,
Turkish and Bulgarian, for victory
over them will increase our profits
tenfold.
(c) A certain "order" must bo followed and a beginning mndo with
Wilholm; the allied monarchies may
wait.
(d) Revolutions do not proceed in a
fixed order. Only actual revolutionaries may be trusted, and in all countries without exception, all monarchs
must be dethroned.
20. Shall the peasants at once take all
the land of the landholders?
(a) and (b) By no means. We hiust
wait for the constituent assembly.
Shingarcv already pointed out that
when the capitalists take away tho
power from tho czar, that is a great
and glorious revolution, but when tho
peasants take away thc land from tho
landholders, that is arbitrary tyranny. A commission of adjustment must
be appointed, with equal representation of landholders (chinovnik) class,
that is, from among thoso same capitalists and landholders,
(c; It would bo bettor for tho peasants to wait for tho Constituent Assembly.
(d) All tho Innd must bo taken nt
onco. Order must be strictly main
tainod by the Councils of Peasants
Delegates. The production of bread
and meat must bn increased, tho soldiers better fed. Destruction of cattle
nnd of tools, etc., is not permissable,
21. Shall we limit ourselves to the
Councils of the Peasants' dc.cgates
only for the management of lands and
for all village questions in general?
(a) nnd (b) Tlie landholders nnd
capitalists are entirely opposed to the
authority of tho Councils of Peasants' delegates in agrarian matters.
...But if these councils are unavoidable,
we must adapt ourselves to them, for
the rich peasant is a capitalist, after
all.
(c) Wo might for the present accept thc councils, for "in principlo"
we do nol deny thu necessity of a
sopnrnto organization of the agrarian
wage workers.
(d) It will bo impossible to limit
ourselves only to general Councils of
Peasants' delegates, for thc wealthy
peasants aro of the snme capitalist
class that is always inclined to injure or deceive the farm hands, lay
lnborers and the poorer peasant. We
must at once form special organizations of those hitter classes of the village populations both within the
Councils of Peasants' delegates and
in tho form of special Councils of
Delegates of tho Farmers' Workers.
22. Shall the people take into thtlr
hands the largest and the most powerful monopolistic organizations of
capitalism, tbe banks, manufacturing
syndicates, etc?
(a) and (b) Not by any means,
Bince that might injure tho landholders and capitalists.
(c) Generally speaking,, wo nro in
favor of hnnding over such organizations to the onlirc peoplo, but to
think or propnre for this condition
now is very untimoly,
(d) We must nt once prepare the
Councils of Workers' delegates of
banking employees and others for tho
tnk'ng of nil such steps ns are feasible and completely realizable toward the union of all banks in ono
single national bank and then toward
the control of thc Councils of Workers' delegates over tho bunk and
syndicates, and then townrd thoir
nationalization, that is, their passing
over into tho possession of flio whole
poople.
23. Whit form of socla'ist international, establishing a**d realizing a brotherly union of all the workers ln aU
countries, is now desirable for tho
nations?
SHOE   SALE
You can Pick
and Choose
from Our
Entire High-
Grade Stock at
Factory Cost
Shoes to the Value of $20,000
Eastman Ad. Co. in Charge
Startling
Bargains for
Saturday
and all
Next Week
All Men's $7 Boots.
Sale Price, $4.90
In this lot you will flnd
somo startling values;
black, grained calfskin,
Blucher cut; heavy
black calf, Goodyear
welted soles; and a fine
black calf bal. laced,
recede toe—
$4.90
All Men's $8 Boots.
Sale Price, $5.35
Splendidly tanned
black calf, Goodyear
welted sole, either Blucher or bal, button or
lace, in six different
styles. You can save
$2.65 on your pair—
$5.35
Women's $8 Boots
for $3.85
A great big table piled
high with wonderful
dollar - saving values.
Not many of a kind—
but a great many kinds
and every one a tremendous bargain. High
or medium tops; lace or
button; low or high
heels; calf or kid. You
will find what you want
among them, and you'll
be delighed with the
saving—
$3.85
All  Men's Patent
Button, Value to
$8. Sale Price, $3.90
Fine patent colt, Goodyear welted sole, with
fine calf tops. A gift at
this low priee—
$3.85
Growing; Girls'
Boots, values to $6
for $2.65
Blaek calf, button, low
heels, all leather or
with fabric tops. A
splendid, serviceable
boot—
$2.65
AU Men's $12.00 Boots.  Sale Price $6.65
This lot, to my mind, offers the biggest bargains in
the sale. The number of different styles exceed
twenty. There are all the popular shades of brown,
with Neolin or oak tanned leather soles; also the
finest vici kids or black calf. Either the new styles
or the more conservative lasts. Just think, fellows,
you can save $5.35 on a single pair.
$6.65
AU Men's $12.00 Boots.   Sale Price, 7.90
There is a wide range to select from in this lot. One
is a French black calf, Balmoral, straight last, oak-
tanned sole. One a rich mahogany brown, also
straight last Balmoral last. One is a military brown,
recede toe, Neolin solo and rubber heel. One a fine
black calfskin, recede toe. Every one represents the
shoemaker's supreme effort. Yours to select from
at a saving of $5.10 a pair
$7.90
Men's $7.00 Work
Boots for $4.90
Selected heavy black or
tan calf; heavy double
leather sole, sewn and
pegged with solid leather counter and double
cap; triple cross stitch
that absolutely prevents ripping. A great
value for the man who
Wants a heavy, solid
leather boot—
$4.90
Beautiful Models in Women's Boots. Reg.
$10.00, for $4.65
Five different, distinctive models in black and maize
—a strikingly beautiful combination. All have 9-
inch tops. Onc has whito pearl buttons, the remainder aro laced. Three models have Louis heels; one
Cuban and onc low military heel; patent or kid
vamps. Also eight other models in black patent colt
or black kid with 9-inch top, lace or button, Louis,
Cuban or medium heels.  Certainly snaps.
$465
All Women's Boots to $10. Sale Price $5.65
Honestly, folks, the bargains in this lot have never
been equalled at this or any other sale. There are
fine black kids, button or lace, Louis or medium
heels and 9-inch tops; a dainty black and grey combination; a striking black and white combination;
black patent with high laced tops, and other equally
pleasing styles.   You can save $4.35 on your pait
$5.65
Bargains in Boys'
Boots
Black calf, sewn and
pegged soles, solid leather. Sizes to 1. Regular prico $4.00. Cut
priee—
$2.90
Sizes to 5. Regular
price, $4.50.   Cut price,
$3.35
Women's $6 Boots
for $2.65
Only 73 pairs. Black
calf or kid, lace or button.   Sizes to 4 only—
$2.65
Women's $5 Boots
for $1.90
Only   80  pairs.    Fine
patent colt,  with kid,
calf or fabric tops. Button or lace.   Sizes to 4.
$1.90
Women's and
Misses' $9.00 Boots
for $5.20
High lace top, low
heels, plain, wing-tipped or military toe.
Choice black calf or kid
leathers.   All sizes.
$5.20
RICHARDSON'S
"The Home of Good Shoes"
649 HASTINGS ST. WEST *%&£%*£?
Tremendous Reductions on All
Boots for Children
You have here one of
tlie largest stocks of
Children's Shoes in
Western Canada to se-
lect from. Certainly
there is none better. We
offer tlie famous Buster
Brown American boot;
Ilurlbut Welts; Leckie's; and other leading makes. Remember
—in every instance thc
price hns been cut to
the very heart. Investigate.
(n) nnd (b) Goncrnlly spenking, nny
kind of socinlist internntionnl if
harmful nnd dangerous to tlio enpi
talistfl nnd landholders, but if the
Germnn Plokhnnov, whoso nnme is
Schoidcmnnn, will como to nn ngree-
mont with tho Russian Schoidcmnnn,
whose name is Pleknnov, nnd if thoy
cnn find in oach other nny vestigo
remaining of their socinlist con
floionoo, then we, tho capitalists, must
hall with delight snch nn international or sjch socialists, ns stand by
tho side of their own governments.
(c) A socialist internntionnl is needed that will include nil elements: tho
Seheidemnnns, tho Pleknnovs, and the
"Centrists" who are thoso who vn-
cillnto between the Social-Patriotism
nnd internationalism. Tho bigger the
mixup, tho greater their "unity":
long livo our grent socialistic unity.
(d) The nations need only that in-
temiitioiin] which consists of the
renlly revolutionary workers, who
nre enpnblc of putting nn end to the
awful nnd criminal slaughter of na-
tions, capable of delivering humanity
from the yoke of capitalism, Only
such people (groups, rnrt'es, otc.) ns
thc Germnn socialist, Karl Lieb-
kneeht, now in n Germnn jail, only
peoplo who will tirelessly struggle
with their own government nnd their
own bourgeoisie, and thoir own "centrists." cnn nnd mint immediately
establish that international which is
necessnry to tho nations.
24. Must the fraternization between
soldiers of the warring countries, at
the front, be encouraged?
(a) and (b) No, it is bnd for tho
interest of tho landholders und capitalists, sinco it mny accelerate the
liberation of lumniiity from their
yoko.
(c) Yes, it would be good.   But we
aro not fully convinced thnt such an
encouragement     of     fraternization I
should be nt onco undertaken iu u>l
warring countries.
(d) Yes, it is good nnd indispon-1
Bible. It is absolutely necessary in
all countries at war to encourage,
all attempts at frntcrnizution be-
twoon tho soldiers of both warring
groups,
26. What should be the color of the
flag Indicating both the nature and
th-j character of the various political
parties?
(a) Black, for this is the real Black
Hundred.
(b) Yellow, for that is tho international banner of those workers who
serve capital throjgh choice nnd not
by compulsion.
(c) Pink, for their wholo policy is
tho policy of roaowater.
(d) ( Red, fnr that is the emblem of
the international proletarian revolution.
(Supplement)
Resolution on War, pi^ed bv the Oe'i
oral Bussian Conference of the Bussian     Social-Democratic     Workers'
Party.   April 26th, May &th, 1917.
(All voting in fnvor except seven, who
refrained from voting at all.)
The present war, on the part of nil
belligerents, is an imperialist w ir, thot
is, it is fought by capitalists for the division of spoils through their domino-
tion of the world, for markets,   for
financinl capital, for thc suppression of
.kv.iM nations, etc. Each day
of war enriches the financial and industrial bourgeois nnd impoverishes and
weakens tho powers of tho proletariat
and thc peasantry of nil the bell.gen
cnts, and Inter of the neutral countries.
Iu Hussiu tho prolongation of the war
involves also a grave danger to tho
revolution and to its further development.
Thc passing of government authority,
in Russia, into tho hands of the provisional government, that is, the govern*
mont of the landholders nnd capitalists,
did not and coold not alter tho character and significance of tho Russian pnr-
ticipution in this war.
This fact became particularly apparent when the new government not only
did not publish tho secret treaties concluded between thc late cznr i"*<1 t'■<•
capitalist governments of England,
France, otc, but even f.iinia U cull
firmed these secret treaties, which promised Russian capitalists a free hand in
China, Persia, Turkey, Austria, etc,
without consulting tho Russian people
nnd completely deceived thom as to lho
true chnructor of tlio war.
For this renson Iho prolctnrinn parly
cnn support neither tho present wnr,
nor the presont governiuenl, nor lis
loans without breaking completely with
iho Internationalism) thai is, wilh tho
fraternal solidarity of tho workers
'f all lands in their straggle under the
yoke of capitalism.
No confidence is io be placed in the
promises of tne present government to
renounce annexation, that is, conqacsts
of the foreign territory, or in tne promise to renounce forcible retention
within tho confines of Russia of this
'ir that nationality. For, in the first
nlnce, sinco cupitulists nre bound together by tho thousand threads of bank-
illg capital, thoy cannot renounce an
nexations in tho presont war, as they
huve not renounced the profits on ihe
billions invested in lonns, in concessions, in war industries, etc. Ami. ia
tlie second place, the new government,
having, in order to deceive the peopiO,
renounced annexations, then procoedod
to state, through tho mouth <>f Mih'U-
kov (Moscow, April 0, 22, 11)17) that
it has no intention of renouncing an*
noxntion and to confirm, in tho note
of April 18, and the elucidation of the
noi (April 22) tho aggroaslv chnrnctor
of its policy. In warning the people
ngainst the empty promise of cupitulists
thc conference takes pains to point out
ilie necessity of a sharp distinction between n renunciation of annexations in
words und a renunciation of annexations in fact, that is, the immediate
publication und abrogation of tho
secret treaties for conquests, nnd the
immediato grunting to all nationalities
Of Ihe right to determine whether thoy
wish to becomo independent governments or to become purl ot' uny other
stato,
2.
The    so-called    "revolutionary   defense" which, in Russia, has taken possession of nil   thc   nationalist parties
n,    laborites,    socinl-
il well as the op-
l    fhe Social-Demo-
(nnlioNul-..*.
revolution,
portunist pi
orntic .Me
toll Tsoro *
the major j
lutlonistB,
of  its cbl   -
tho Intoroiti
wealthier i*
small land
isls, draw I
tlons ovel I
tho other b-
foaso'
tiling commit-
te.) t\_ well as
partisan revo-
■■■If, by renson
the one hand,
adpoint of the
part of the
e lho capital-
eir doniinn-
humilities. On
'o-utionary de-
f tlie deception
| by tho capiuiliata ;of part of the prole
tariat nnd semi-proletariat of tho citioa
and villages who by their class position hnve no interest in the profits of
the capitalists aud in the waging of
nn imperialist war,
The conference declares that any
form of "revolutionary -defense" is
completely intolerable nad would actually betoken u total break with the j
principles of socialism and internntion-i
nlism. As for the "defensive" ton-|
dOnciOB present among the great masses
our pnrty will struggle against these
tendencies by ceaselessly emphasizing
tho truth that any attitudo of tho uncritical confidence in tho governmont of
the capitalists nt tho present moment
is ono of the greatest obstructions to
an early conclusion of tho war.
As for the most important question |
of the manner of concluding as soon as'
possible the present capitalist war, not
by n dictated pence, bul by a truly democratic  peaee,  the  Conference  recognizes and declares the following:
This war cuunqt be ended by a refusal of thc soldiers of oae side only,
to continue the war, by u simple cessn-
tion of warlike activities on tho pnrt
of one of the warring groups only. The
Conference roitorates Its protest ngninst
lho low intrigues circulated by tho capitalists ngninst our pnrty, with ihe object of spreading the impression thut !
wo aro in fnvor of separate pence with '
Germany, Wo consider Ihe German
Capitalists to be the same band of robbers ns ihe capitalists of Russia, England, Frnnce, etc., nnd Emperor Wilholm to bo the same crowned bandit
as Nicholas II., nnd the monarchs of
England, It nly, lioumania uud the
rest,
Our pnrty will explain to the people,
with patience nnd preciscness, the trti'h
that  wnr is always bound up   India-
solubly with tho policies of certain
definite classes, that this war may only
be terminated by a democratic peaco
if the governing powers of nt lenat
some of tho belligerent countries nro
handed over to tbo class of the proletariat and semi-proletariat, who aro
really capable of O at ting un end to (he
bondage of capitalism.
The revolutionary class, having tnkon
into its hand the governing power in
Russia, would inaugurate n series
measures to nbol-sh the economic^*
of capitalists, ns woll us of mcjT
to bring nbout their conipk
sterilization and would i
nad frankly offer nil peoplo
cratic penco on a basis off
relinquishment of every pol
of annexation and cuntriby
measures, and such an op
crente a perfect understnnj
the workers of tho bollig
and would inevitably
rising of the proletnpj
an iinperinlist governf
sist the peace olTerq
above conditions.
Until tho rcvolutioj
sin shall havo take
authority of thc goyj
will consistently hu|1
tartan parties and r
countries as nro alreil
tinunnce  of  the  wafl
tlieir Imperialist govo
bourgeoisies.    Par tit
will encourage any imf
tion of masses of so
belligerent countries, i
tho object of trntifornj
and instinctivo express
dnrity of tho oppressed^
conscious movement,
ganizution ns is feasible,
over of all tho powers ofl
in nil thc belligerent coanq
revolutionary proletariat. PAGE SIX
If a Man Needs New Underwear
He Should Not Defer His
Purchase
NO one knows what the wool situation will be next winter. It is
nlmost certain underwear will bc very scarce nnd very high in
-price Today the buying is very favorable at Spencer's. Some proprietary lines havo hnd a stiff advance that thero is no escaping, but
thore are othors that afford splendid values.
We particularly emphasize a stock of GOO men's combinations.
Those include all kinds, merinos, pure cushmeres, unions, pjro llama
wools and silk nnd wools, from thc heaviest type of winter underwear
down to numbers that will be wanted for spring und that some men
elect to wear nil thc year round. Choosing from this offering you
can got somothing near the old-time values. Without in uny way
wishing to be alarmists, wo think it is mighty good policy for thoso
who can to buy now.   A suit	
—Men's Store, Main Floor
$1.25 to $6.00
No Workingman Will
Want to Ignore a Saving
of 50c on Overalls
THIS IS THE SAVINO THAT SPENOEB'S HOLD OUT TO ITS
CUSTOMERS THROUGH FORWARD BUYING-
ONE man who hnd not bought overalls for a year or so "kicked"
at paying us $1.75 a garment tho other day. Wc told him he
would pay $2.25 in any other store. He snid ho would go and see,
nnd he did. After trying five other stores, he cumc back and bought
the overalls at $1.75,
This shows tho overall situation »» a "nutshell," and is typical of
much other merchandise which thu storo has had the foresight and
tho flnnncial ability to harvest while it could be bought at something
like the old standards.
The inference is thut you will lave yourself timo and money if you
buy at this storo.
The overall mentioned above is the "Great West "—probably tho
best mude and best known union made overall in Canada.
j —Mon'a Store, Main Floor
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
THE BEST HATS
Made for the Price
A choice spring assortment is already
in stock, including all the famous makers.
'' STETSON," " WALTH AUSEN,''
"CROFIJTT & KNAPP," and many
others that givo you a worthy choice.
Best quality Union-made HATS among
them.
It ia a pleasjrc for us to serve you.
NEWEST SOFT FELTS and DERBIES
$3.00 to $6.00
NEWEST CAPS, 51.00 to $2.60
Richardson & Potts, Limited
EXCLUSIVE MEN'S HATTERS 417 GRANVILLE ST.
Near Cor. Hastings
To the Workman of British Columbia:
A tpecial fentaro in the policies of tho WESTERN EMPIRE LIFE
is tho clauso; Tho insured may travel or reside in ony part of thu world,
and engage in any occupation. This is specially desirable in insurnnce
policies, becauso most companies limit a man's activities.
This clauso is included iu our
"Complete Protection Policies"
Our Dominion Government deposits are exceeded only by two othor
Canadian Lifo Insurance Companies.
The Western Empire Life Assurance Co.
J. DOBEIN, Provincial Managor
204 WINCH BLDO. .
Noxt to Post Oirico
Vancouver, B. O.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 Viow Street. Phone, 1209. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. C: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phoae Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Treea and Shrubs, Pot Planti, Seeds,
Out Flowen and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Bogistored Offlce: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
4S Hastings Btreet East.   Phones, tSeymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouvor—728 Granville Street.    Phono Seymour 9513
.cffSn-t.
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trainB,
boats, hotels und rosidencos
IRN1TURE
and
[no Moving
^e na day or night
it Northern
fer Co.
Union Station
OD
I, Welch &
Ison, Ltd.
1629 Main Stnet
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a rine Dreamy Lather
and Does Not Dry on the race
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cako
Manufactured ln British Columbia
fnmnoNisT
The Fanner's Viewpoint
Editor D. U. Ftdnrutionist: 1 received the
enclosed from a friend of mine, who is a
farmer in Saskatchewan. Ho owns HOC acres
uf land and lal.l-s a great interest in the
Non-Partizan League. It will show that
some fanners uro alive to the situation. Vou
are nt liberty to use the article for publication, in any caso return article to G. B.
Cole, Sum tins, Sask. He would appreciate a
sainjile   copy   of   Tho    Federationist.
II.  C.  BELL.
2270 Fourth avenuo west, Feb. 11, 1918.
"A great deal is being said just now
about providing our armies on active service
and the loved ones they left at home with
tho necessaries of life. Producers are urged
to tlieir utmost capacity, but with our extraordinary Industrial system, or it would ho
U.'tter to say lack of system, It would seem
to a reasoning person that a system had bee",
devised by enemy sympathizers for tho prevention of production.
••This is a timo for the conservation of
energy in concerted effort. The crisis demands it, but instead of this, in looking over
the nation's industries, 1 lind thnt there ib
no concerted effort to do our bit at home to
help tbe brave .sums In the trenches to light
and uV-stroy Iho most Insidious form of tyranny und autocracy known on earth today.
Tho nation's Held of Industry is a bitttlelleld
ut home, as wide as the nation itself, in
which the workers waste moro energy in
assailing each other in competition, than
enough to provide abundantly for ull if it
were expended in concerted effort.
•'There is absolutely no mercy nor quarter in this warfare ul home. To deliberately lantor tho Held of industry and destroy
tho enterprises of those already in the lie-Id
and piant one's own enterprise on its ruins,
is an achievement which never fuils to call
out the higH'st complimentary commendations. This warfare leaves a black trull
of mental and physical suffering which nil
warfares lenves and also the sams want and
misery which overwhelms tho defeated and
tho*.- depending on him.
' 'Instead uf those engaged in tho samo
industry fraternizing as comrades and co-
laborers to a common end, they regnrd each
other as rivals and enemies who must be
throlti.'d nnd overthrown. The producers
positively cannot work together for the maintenance of the nation and its citizens, both
on active service and at home, but each must
work solely for his own maintenance, at
tho cxiOnso of tho nation and thoso fighting
nnd risking Iheir lives for it, und if, in
working to this end they do at the same
timo increase the possibility of supplying the
boys nt the front with foodstuffs it Is merely incidental.
One's worst enemies oro necessarily those
of his own industry, for under this Inw of
fluctuating prices by supply und demand,
the scarcity of tho particular commodity
tbey have to place on the murket is the
thing particularly desired by tlie producers
nnd to put out of business and discouruge
thosi engaged in their lino of industry, is
their constant effort. When this .is done
tbeir object is to combine with those they
aro unable to put out of business anil prey
upon the public nt largo by cornering the
market and pulling prlcTjB np to the highest
point pooplo will stand before they go without. The day dream of tho educated producer und tbe profiteering middleman or
speculator is to gain nbsolutu control of soml-'
necessity of life, so us to keep the nation's
citizens at the verge of starvation and al-
wnys command famine prices.
"It would seem thai tho business of providing foodstuff's and all othl.T necessities of
iife for tlie boys at tho front and tho unfortunate ones left lit homo Is left entirely
iu the hands of those whose interest manifestly is lo starve thljm.
The wonder to me is thut wo do not
perish outright before our nntion organizes
concerted effort by commandeering the
Wealth-producing resources of the nation «s
weil as the manpower lo manage them.
"Production is tying crippled by the high
cost of living, nnd of the machinery so necessary for Ibis Increased demnnd for production, as well as thc lack of human power to
man thc farms,
"I speak from knowledge becuuil? I work-
id from 4 a.m. till 10 p.m. nil summer and
ean produco scores of neighbors who have
been, nnd are doing, thc same thing.    I had
♦Frank Moodle, the guy who controls the
Kosedalo mine, the right to organize.
Moodiu'H mine is situated on tbe opposite
side of tho ited Deer river from th'a C. N.
it., surrounded by hills and ravines, which
make it hard to get Into the camp, it,
therefore, is so corralled thnt JI<.oilio hus
,dcii''d tho union for over four years. The
only access to tho camp is over tho ruilway
bridge, und when this operator or any of
his suckers see a union man approach the
bridge, Mundie is sure to bo at tho otii r
end to bar his admittance to the camp, and
has been known to jmli a gun out uud sny:
'"Do you see this* Beat it back to where
you camo from, or I'll knock your head
off." This is British justice in a freo country I
Last Friday, Moodle's barriciide was
broken. One or two men belonging to the
union managed to get In and sign one hundred and twenty seven miners fur lho union
check-off,
This scabh|;rdcr's suckers, some way or
nnother, got wind that two active men were
in camp, und signing tho men into tho union.
Moodle, being in Calgary, these suckers
look it upon themselves, and caught one of
tin men, und Imprisoned him until Buffalo
Kill returned from tbe city. Thoy searched
through this organizer's pockets, nnd robbed
him of one of the check-off books, Koine
moro whitewashed British justice!
Th>> other lad slipped through their fingers, und got away with 137 names and
mndo for Drumhollor, When Moodio returned from Calgary ho was ready for IV
uoku, when ho heard thut they had a man
imprisoned in his ofllce, This man was put
through tli>; third degree of capitalist oppression, in which you get a gun stuck below your nose and told, "I'll blow your
brans out!"    Some more British justice!
After this Mr. Moodle began to realize
that a little of this same .-lump of justice
would bo inetl.'d out to himself; so he turned
the mun free across tho bridge, ut the point
of the gun. That same night, the olher
boy stole buck to camp and informed Ihe
union men to hold a nu|jting next day on
tho other sidu of the bridge. Once more
Moodie's every-ready humble sucker was on
the alert, and nUxt we saw Moodio tearing
round the camp like u great big grizzly
bear, packing a blacksnake whip aad a revolver to chastise the unwelcome intruder.
Slaves, beware I Stay away from this vnl-
by, and knock men like Moodie. Slave-
driving is a thing of the past. We are out
for a little industrial freedom.
T. 1\ THOMPSON.
Drumheller,  Alta., Feb.  4,   1U18.
lies, we will offer to every man access to a
free earth,, and guarantee him the enjoyment
of lho full product of his labor.
All wo need is to control the primaries, for
evsry ono who has taken any part in politics
knows that It is hard to nominate a radical
on a ticket that will give him a fair chanco
of election; but that a nomination on either
of the dominant party tickets will bo equivalent to an election.
W. H. KAUFMAN.
Beilingham, Wash., Fib. 6, 1918.
A Neighboring Farmer's Poltn of View
Editor B. C. Federationist: Accept congratulations un the well deserved compliment
paid you by the executive committee. 1
really think you hay's tho best producer's
paper I get. Penult luo to oll'er*a word of
advice us to new purty. 1 havu been "in"
politics for more than forty years. Am a
Marxian socialist. But taking political circumstances as they are whnt wo aim lu do
is:
Control Officials: No mutter what tll'3 laws
and constitution may be, tho ofliclals are ihe
whole push. Nothing but armed revolt can
have the slightest effect on parasitic olliciuls.
Forget that thero are any Jaws or constilu-
tion—mora "scraps of paper," with which
to fool silly people, Not that this ought Io
be so—bill u is so. My dear Pettlplece,
what rights hnve poor poople, oither in Canada or in tho United Stales or in New
Zealand ( Talk about th'j kaiser making
treaties "scraps of paper"—ho certainly diu
—uml til.su he certainly lias lois of eompany.
Arrests, tines, imprisonments, kidnappings
(euphoniously termed "deportations"),
even heatings and hangings. These tilings
are die portion of Uiosa who attack unearned in comes. Oui* constitutions uro us use-
1-388 as are the pagan's idols. Away buck in
1HU2. 1 organized the South Dakota Direct
Legislation league, spenking in every count}
oast of the Missouri (tho then Bottled portion of the stute), and mado South Dakota
th'a lirst state hi the Union to adopt n direct
legislation constitutional amendment—and it
is a juke so long us parasitic corporation attorneys occupy tho offices. What do compensation,    safely,    minimum    wage    nnd
uoon. ami are doing, me samo t a ing.       .        worUi      „,aii ,a        w      , t -    ,
nn   holiday   nr   let-up   sines   si .-ding   begn      „„, ^^ w,|)(     m      , j        ,       (b
and  man's  energy  Wlll  not  last  undor sue      v „„ lll(mi( ,uws l|m| cimstUutiu|llli    0(,t
■alu,  his  health  will  not  permit him   lo   ])y}..,\ .,„,,    ,    .
ii,:..   ....>.>   ..[   ii,i»,h   „.. ! .     ,-    ,  .
doing liko
erfoctly   or
keep  Litis  sort  of  thing up,
"Groat Britain Is eonservint
far as possible, United Slates it
wis1', Germany is manifestly p
ganlsed for a concerted effort, are wo upon
whom Ihe Allies are depending su largely
for the essentials for currying on to victory
this greatest und most murderous war tii'
world has ever been plunged into, going
to wait for precedent or ure we going lo
prove thui we nre a nation of rational reasoning beings by throwing CO 111 petition nn
tho sorophoap along with purty politics und
sectarian religions, and plunge into the fight
co-operatively, when we know lhat we cnn
du ten times ns much working together for
a common end than we cnn by contending
with ench other.
"At a time like this, let. us forget our
contentions and let some lender orgnnlze the
whole nation for industrial purposes. Our
nntionnl Servian curds ure ulreudy on file
for the purpose.
If needs be pass n law to treat ns fl traitor and pro-German tho man who persists
in demanding bis right lo keep lbe nation's
warriors und their wives and families, ns
Well as till; struggling producers, at the verge
nf starvation in order lo satisfy his greed
for prullts.
"Our farms need helpers ns never before.
The unavoidable waste this yenr wns enormous. Everywhere potatoes were frozen in
thu ground because of the shortage of helpers. Whnt next yeur will be remains to
be soon, because of the thousands of acils
of Increased cultivation. Everywhere there
Is great tracts Of brooking ready for next
season's crop. TliL- production of whent is
absolutely essenlinl, but how is it to be harvested without loss unless there is organized
—systematic  and  concerted   effort.
"Yours to help win the war.
GEO. B. COLE.
9 tonus,  Snsk.
to legislator und judge.    Only
11 officials, from dog-catcher
will i
. gel
Are We , Fighting for Domocracy?
Editor B. C. Fed'ialionist: I nm enclosing
an oditorial from the Sun Frnncisco Chronicle
of last Tuesday, thinking It amy prove interesting to you. We know woll enough .that
any rndirnl movement or organisation Is obnoxious to the ruling clnss, so one is not
surprised at tlieir apposition to Ihe Bolsbl-
vilti, but it certainly is significant that this
well-known mouthpiece of capitalism would
go so fur as lo admit openly their preference fur Kaiserism over the Bolsheviki, when
lh*?y are seemingly so anxious to see democracy emerge Victorious from the slaughter in Europe, To workers wilh tho smallest
amount of grey mailer in their makeup this
fact ought tu be ns clear as duy: That the
democracy which the Chronlcto is sn noxious
should be OHM, cnn be of absolutely no benefit to  the workers.
It would appear as If our musters were
getting decidedly afraid of the Bolsliovlkl
mov'-iiietii spreading lo this continent, Per-
Mimilly, I don't see any sign of il in this
neck ot the woods, but then 1 mny be some-
wliat blind, like most of our clnss. Yet no
one would be more pleased tlmn I to see
it appear bn", so I em gathering n little
comfort from this article that It is on its
way.
It Is with much pleasure I notice The Fed,
hns   ul   Inst     como    out     uncompromisingly
against GomporlStn* lc used to give Bonva
of us In (lays gone by (when we were attempting lo Start the syndicalist movement
in 11. C.) n fooling thut some nf those we
regarded so highly were not altogether on
lho level In tbeir support of Gompers as
agninst syndicalism. 1 slill think It a mis-
tako that that movement wasn't given more
encourngeineiil, Who knows but what there
might be nnother tttlo tn tell about Canndn
today, In my recent travel around these
United Slates I look particular notleb of the
attitude of our clnss nnd I found much dis-
sallsfaction wilh ottr present Labor organisations, but no one seemed lo know whnt wns
n led or hnw lo gu about It. 1 often thought
of Tom Mann's mooting In Dreamland Kink
iu 'Frisco, and tho onthustasm h1' amused,
und wished we had some sueh individual tn
carry the message to tho workers throughout this cotinlry. Hero worship hns ronched
such a pitch here that It seems we have got
to find une tn do such work nownilnys.
Congratulations   to   tho   island   miners   on
electing "Jim" Hawthornthwalte i mny ho
prove nn big a thorn ns in dnys of yore.
Keep up tho good work, "Perm." 'Tls n
lung road Hint hits no turning nnd mcthinks
thi- end is in sight.
0,   STAPLES.
Oakland, Col,, Feb. a, 1918.
Bdltor
gsaired
Tbe Drumhollor Episode
M. 0. Foilemll.nlst and tn the or-
and unorganised workers: Tbe
...nd members belonging In the U. It.
W, of A., in thfl Bed Deer valley hnve laid
down Iheir tools, and the production of coal
Is at an absolute standstill here. All miners
nre requested lo stny nvay from Drumheller,
Wayne nnd  Kosedalo,
The men  rue ont  in  iiippnrt of the ROAD*
dalo  miners  who nro  inking  (Uuffulo Bill)
The second ipi'-stion is: How cun we most
quickly till nil offices with men in sympathy
with thu producers! The main thing is to
get Ihe nominations, Here in lbe United
Slutes, und I suppose your conditions must
be somewhat similnr, a vote at th'a primary
is worth six to ten votes nt tho general election. If I here were u creuinery iu your
neighborhood, run in a way lltul does not
suit yuu, llM'e would bo two ways for yuu
to remedy ihe situation: (a) You could put
in u new creuinery, uud llien fight to a finish.
If you won, you would slill be out a great
deal; while if yon lost you would be out still
more, (b) Tho other wny would be for yon
to get u mnjority oi Ihe stock, put in u li.w
management, mid so control the situation.
Now we have found it vastly-earier lo control tbe primaries of existing parties, thun
to organize u new purty—no, not that exactly, for Ii is dead easy to organic a new
party—what is hard is lo make a new party
ihe dominant party.
Since 1850 (here hns been no new party
of any significance in tlie United Stales, and
there are no Indications that th.'ro.will be
nny new party of Importance.
Practically all forward movements hnvo
been achieved by nnii-parlisnn organisations,
which have captured the primaries of listing parties. It seems lo be wholly immaterial
Whether a new idea Is bnd or good; great or
smnll—Ihe ensi'.-st and quickest way whereby
to make it victorious is by the non-partisan
route.
First, I will give a fow instances, and then
show  why  this  must ever  bo so.
Railroads—Lot us call this a "bud" iden.
Gould once said, "When I am in a republican district, I am a republican; when 1 am
iu a democratic district, I am a democrat—
but I am always for Erie." By being nonpartisan, the railroads won. They never
could have put up a "Railroad party ticket"
and got. anywhere,
Prohibition—Call this a "had" nr a
"good" lu.-usurc, according to your liking.
We have lind Lho prohibition purty, with
2fiO,OU0 votes in a total vote of some 20,-
000,000, A more joke, getting nowhere. But
the "Anti-Saloon lengue," a non-partisan organization to conical primaries of both pat'-
ties (republican in domoorattc districts, and
democratic In democratic districts) hus put
the saloon in the discard.
Tbe Nonpartisan Leaguo—This orgnnizntion. ul Its lirst election, captured every office in (he stele of North Dakota, snve only
that of slut'.' treasurer. The Farmers' National Nonpartisan league, takes In republicans, democrats, sonulisis, prohibitionists ns
farmers. Having definite economic Interests
iu common, ihey act as a unit, Whoever
bus lbe hotter argument carries tbe orgnnization—wliich is Inward the abolition of nil
unearned Incomes, This satisfies soolallsta.
and   also  wins  the  support   of  thousands  of
republicans and democrats who ure not ready
to join u socialist pnrty.
Why  not  orgnnlze.  In  British  Columbin.
Wage-Workers    Nonpartisan   leagir-,   for li
express purpose of capturing tho primaries
All wage-workers would unite.    I'ui tho n
nillll   dues  at  *."..     ll   is  a  slricily  busine
nffair.   ll will do moro for tho wngls-wnrke
thnn all  the trnde unions  combined,    When
It is presented in Ihe right wny, all will jnln;
bulb trado unionists und non-iinionisls.    The
object   of   tbe  lon gnu   should   be   distinctly
stated   to   ltt  to   conduct  the   affairs  of   the
provinco   iu   ihe   Intorests  of  producers;   to
augment earned incomes und to abolish unearned   incomes;  td  lower the cosl  of  living
1iy   eliminating  nil unearned   incomes;    by
abolishing nil private monopolies,
We must lake over the state ond reorganize
It along Industrinl lines; precisely as the
Bolsheviki are doing. "If nny will not work
neither shnll ho oat," is tho Bible teaching,
nnd is good .enough for us—nnd should bo
good enough for the preachers.
I am sure Mr, A, 0. Tnwnley, president nf
tho Nnfiunnl Fanners' Nonpartisan league
would ho glnd in como and tell you how
easy it wns for th'a (armors and wage-workers
In  "get together,"
Not thai I could add much, but jtut for
the joy of'mooting somo oT tho rndlcnls of
Vnncouver. I would like to come up almost
nny time, ns a sort of fraternal delegnte from
the farmers of the stato nf Washington, and
shake hands wilh the British Columbin wage-
workers. I hnve been fraternal delegate four
times front the Washington State Grange to
the Wnsblnirlon Stnte F.'deratiou of Lnbor,
and If the Vaneoaver council will set a time,
I am sum our worthy master, Wm, Bouck,
will commission nte to come np and compare
progress mndo with the Vaneniiver Irnde
Unionists, for Bro. Botick Is doing nil he
can along this nonpartisan Unit of work.
I do not loss sight of the fnct thnt socialist,
pnrtv voters will, first, oppose this npn-oartl-
snn action, but later Ihey will nearly nil fall
In line, nn they are doing hore in the United
States,
Wo do nol nsk snv nne tn lenve his party—
nor his church. Wn merely ask voters to
help abolish all unearned incomes; thereby
enabling «s to wonderfully Increase nil earned Incomes.   By abolishing private monopo-
Notice to Correspondents
[The B. C. Federationist is this w»ek in
receipt of several unsigned communications,
which' have, of course, been consigned to tho
w. p. b., p. d. q. Correspondents who are unable to assume th.- responsibility of their expressed opinions, ciuinut expect Tho Fed. to
do it for them. The proper names need not
necessarily ho signed to the Inter, but Tho
Fed. must huve them hh a guarantee of good
faith.—Editor Fedorationist].
Socialism and the labor Fatty
Editor B. c. Federationist! Yesterday an
old acquaintance said lu me, "What's tlu
matter with those sociulists, anyway. For
iwo bunuays I've benru tne speukurs at thu
Ilex mm baste thu new Luoor i'uny und give
ihu impression that every uira in it was either
a foul or a fumr." "Well," I enquired,
"what do you think about ill" "i don't
know what to tiuiik. Vour platform, which
culls for ' tii j social owiiirsnip and d.iuo-
ei'tttlo luanugamunt of Wo iiu-ans of wealth
produetion,' und for politicnl action to overthrow thu capitalist system and exploiters ill
genoral should oo revolutionary enough for
any  one.
"Tho points that Ihe S. P. of 0. is close-
communion and allows no ono OXCOpt of tha
elect ou tlieir platform ul Ihe sume timo refuses to speali for JS, JJ. P. or uny other
party, except a knocker, just as Uie 'immediate d-mands of the S. i>. P. are all minor considerations.' " "Well, what about
uf 1 enquired. "My queatlon is this,"
hu continued, "Tho Labor purty stands for
the overthrow of capitalism, Ihu promoters
o fthe parly, and dozens of tlie members, uiM
also ex-members of thu S. P. 0., and stand
fur thu same principles. Why is it, then,
there is this antagonism between lho socialist movamont and llio Fodratod Labor
Party V
"Have you beard any of the members of
the now party ridiculing and abusing the
work being done by lho b. P. of C.l" I enquired. "No, I cannot say as I have. Thoy
ull admit that the sociullst pnrty has done,
und is still doing invaluable work along educational lln'38, but they do say what should
he clear to ull, and that is thni for tbo politicul expression of organized aud unorganized
mbor, neither of the o,d socialist parties
will fill the bill, at the prosent crisis."
"Well," 1 rapliod, "you know something
of history. You know that in times past
many brunches of lho Christian church existed. They nil had the sume founder. They
all rend tho same bible, believed in th'a sume
prophets nnd apostles; ull worshipped tho
same Uod and all tried to gain the same
heaven. Now, did they all live together in
harmony! You know they did not. They
slandered, plundered, imprisoned, tortured,
uiuimed and murdered one another by thousands for centuries, nnd lli.-y ull did it in the
nnme of Christianity nnd Christ, and it wns
because of the lenders of theso various sects,
their own privilege us priests und leaders,
wei-a greator thun the great principles of
human brothorhood, which thoir religion nominally represented, in other words, the
gospel of (lie Niunrine and of others before
and nfter Him, wns loo big for tho M'shtft'l
out look of these little bigots. Just ns the
brotherhood of mun or the co-operutive commonwealth is loo largo for the mental and
moral outlook of many today who pose as
leaders in revolutionary thought."
"Soma of our 'scientific' socialists are nut
Internationalists j they nre not class-conscious
—they are only "oliq'uo-cousclous." Their
little church where they propound nr hoar
propounded, their speciul version of the gospel, according to Kt. Marx, fills tll'3 whole
vision of tbeir mentality.
"Like tho metaphysicians described by
Engols, 'they apparently cannot see lbe forest
for trees, nor Ihe city for hous'as.' They are
too close lo the ground.
" -is that why you say ihe old Socialist
parly has failed.'' enquired my friend.    That
C.  Wll:
To
S. P. of
I  is now  Hearing tin
in,  u s.'tliug star, and  wiil soon  disup-
But   'groat men'  and  their organiEn-
do not make history, so muoh ns history
tonomle   chnnges   produce   social   move-
[I   usually   selects   li-uders   of   "great
men'   to
brought  about. ,
tham.    This
ctlvitii
nl and i
which
dust
niiiii
dei
chang.
orhl-w
has
ini align,
'.'neither nf the old
»f the right type to or
■livity and aftoi
and  nnulal
politi-
nf workers,
ialtst   parties nre
53  litis new  politics Is more of
nature   thnu
spontaneous   nnd   instltictlv
un   intellectual   process.
"A chick hus no conscious knowledge of
why or bow lie breaks lbe shell, but his desire for ,-N ist ence demnnds that he perform
tho act. No tlubs-consclous movement or
buurgeonise revolutions of a
ago. The Bolsheviki of Bus-
iffspring of nny speciul school
political party but It is tbe
■ononti.' and  Intellectual de-
century or tw
sia U not the
of  thought   oi
■suit   of  tho
volopmonl in turn resulting fr
and tbe wur, uud so tlie Labor party Is the
Bolsheviki of B. C—and will spread throughout Canada nnil become part of the world's
united revolutionary movement. If the
present promoters of Ihe Federated Lnhor
purty are until for tho work they have undertaken, thon social and economic forces will
discard tbem and select othors to perform
that function—for [In. chick of modern society is too physically and mentally robust
to perish rather thnn break its wny into n
freer and fuller spit're of existence,
"The Labor party has made n good start.
The flood litle of revolt against our ruler
and robber cluss is running stronger and
swifter every moment. The blood of ten millions of maimed nnd murdered workers Is
crying from tho ground of Europe for vengeance. We havo no timo nor inclination
to eotnbul any 'doir-in-lhe-ntnnger' pointful
parly, but whnt Jim H. did in Newcastle
cun in u yeur be dune In u dozen and in two
years in 'avory constituency in B. C., if tbe
members of tho new pnrty do Iheir duty and
get lo work.
"Thereforo, let evjry one tnke off his coal
and go to If for 5000 thousand members at
once; with this revenue, o mini/.ers cnn be
kept In the fi.bl. Every town should havo
on army for distributing literature. Wo
should have a Sunday school for onr hoys
nnd girls, Thev should understand mu croni
problems of life and labor, instead of our
permitting their plastic minds to b- poisoned
with ruling-class patriotism and Buooratitloiis.
We should have socials—soniellnng to uttrnct
the younger people und there should be work
for all lo do.
"If the antagonism of our uliru-'Murx-
Ian' comrades has lira effect, of spurring us
on to efforts and mnkes us determined that
Iheir hope and prophecies of failure of the
Federated Labor party will not take plaoa,
then every knock will be u boost.
W. J. Cl.'KUY.
vancouvor, Feb. 12.1018.
OFFICIAL   LIST   OF
DELEGATES AT LAST
COUNCIL MEETING
Attendance Roll Prepared foy Statistician Prod, Knowles of Central
Labor Body
T. L. A, Auxiliary—E. Winch, N. Lambert, O. Whlttaker,
Brloklayors—W. Pipes, W. Dugnall.
Barbers—S. II. Orant, O, K. Herrltt, 0,
A. Holso, H. V. Tuff, A, It, Udgnr.
Bnrtenders—W.  Mottishaw,  C. Leer.
Bookbinders—No delegates.
Browiary Workers—.1. PJko,
Botlor  Makors—B,  A.   Moore,    V,   Young,
M, McEacliorn.
Bridge  anil   Structural   Iron   Workers—It.
Mnsseenr,
Bakers—.7, Francis.
Blacksmiths—R, spooner.
Cigar  Makers—,!.  Walters,  A.  P,  Tiel/,en.
Civic Employees—V. R. Mldgley, (J. Hnr-
rlann, J. McFnrbme, J. 1). Lognn.
Cooks aud Walters—A. Graham, W. Mc
Konzie,   V.   Welton,   Miss  V.   Brisbane.
Bro. Carpenters—G. C. Thom. J, R. Campbell. W. Thomas, G. H. Hardy,  R, Hatloy,
Carpenters, Amal.—,1. G. Smith, It. Edmonds, W. T. Amos, It, MoOormaok,
Civic Employees (North Shore)—No delegates.
Peep S.'u Fishermen—It. Kearley,
Electrical  Workers—W, A. Trousdale,
Garment Workors—Mrs. BaBSOtt. Miss H.
Gutteridge.
Civic Firemen—A. C. Shaw.
I. A. M. 777—F. E. Edney, A. Davidson.
Letter Carriers—F. Knowles, ,1. Dodd, 0,
M. Hungerford.
J. L. A.—G. Kelly, G. Thomas, L. Marsh,
J. Mali ono.
Lathers—A. P. Surges.
Freight Handlers—0. Blunt, J. Davis, A.
Lilburn,  C.  Hnncysett,  A.  Gllberthnrpe,
Machinists 182—J. H. McVety, A. It. Towler, W. Hawthorne.
Moving Picturo Operators—W. Clayton, A.
0. Hansen,
Moldors—A, H. Donnldson, A. Herbert.
MM Cutters—N. Brnzowell, B, W. Lane,
T. Anderson, J. Summers, G. Johnson.
Pressmen—No delegates.
Plumbers—F. Welsh, A, Cowling, G. Rose.
Pattern Makers—No delegates.
Painters—H. Grand, R. Stevenson.
Press Assistants—No delegates,
I
Commercial   Telegraphers'
Union  Will Assert
Its Rights
April 28 Is "Organization
Day" and Employers
Openly Defied
[By Frank E, Wolfe]
CHICAGO, 111., Fob. 11.—(Special to Tho
Federationist.)—The Commercial Telegraphers of America havo asserted thoir rights. |
They have challenged thu telegraph monopoly
and an ultimatum aas btfau sunt in tho lunn
of a circular to all locnls of tho Commercial
Telegraphers' Cmun of America unuuuncing
April ;.«, us  "organisation day."
That means thu gauntlet is thrown down
to tlie Western Union and Postal Telegraph
compunies.
"Uu shall organize op miy on that day
and if tho telegruph coiupunius attempt to
discharge any onu who joins the union at
thai time, iunuguratu a general striko without delay. II ever a stnk'j can bo won it
cun bo won this yenr, so wu uru going to
make our tight for freedom," said President
S. J. Kononkamp,
"Wu are iu deadly earnest about this and
nothing shall swvrvo ns. The Commercial
Telegraphers of thu United Btntes havo the
right to organize and ll Is up to us now
to assurt that right.
"Thu telegraph companies have made no
secret of th--ir intention to prevent us from
exercising Ihis right us long us they can,
but as stated by President Carlton of lho
Western Union, they wLl change that policy
whenever we have th'j powor to muko tbem
change.
"Thoro is but ono way in which to meet
this situation. Wo have determined to organize upenly in d'aflaneo of uny telegraph
ofliciul who dare deny as onr rights us
Americans; We huve enough faith in the
moral courage and rod blood of tho Telcgrnphers of the country who belioVa they can
free themselves, Wu know our members are
going ubout the work nf organising in a
manner thnt will menu victory."
Mr, Konenkamp would make no oth'-T
statement than thut this was lho plnn tbnt
bad been decided upou und would bo curried
out. The system of sputters and persecution has driven lbe Comin'arclttl Telegraphers
to secret organizing. They have been hounded, tbey say, at all points whoro they have
organization, but despite litis persecution th'a
union has shown a remarkably steady growth.
Their victory over tho Great Northwestern
Telegraph company in Canada and their recent agreement with the United Press bus
given ihein greuter power und prestige thun
over  before.
-No group nf workers in (ho United Stntes
bus: shown more loyalty than th.1 members
of the Commercial Telegraphers' union. They
have pointed mil Ihe Injustice of the stanti
taken by lho telegraph monopoly and refer
to th'j recent utterances of Seorolary of
Labor Wilson who deals with industrial unrest •ftoni the standpoint of fundamentals,
nnd loaches upon tbe point of workers being
prevented from organisation for niuttiul betterment und protection:
"Almost insuperable obstacles sri.s\\ however, when labor disputes occur under eir-
cuuislnnces In whicli employers permit organisation by their workmen only on pain
of dismissnl. Whether so dosigii\-d or not,
tho tendency of ihis policy is lo prevent
organisation of Labor; and inasmuch In such
cases workmen have no responsible business
roproBOlitatlv'a, only one pany lo controversies can be conveniently or satisfactorily
beard. In such cases, ulso, (lie workers,
being prevented by the cmploy\-rs from organising on a business bnsis. lend tu full
away from the pacifying influences of constructive responsible labor organizations and
Hint of  re
r   Inwl' 8
■nasi
wholly
triotie iu Ihe lime ■
siructing orgiiniznli
distinguished from
The Tel .gruphers
ness is traceable to
ty for it ennnot bo
ie policy—hardly
of tbe
of I
■■it'
ll ly
dvolntlonury typo."
announced thoir do-
termination to work from now until April
28 with nil their slrettglh to build up Iheir
organisation. They are ceaseless in their
propaganda with tho "ntfns" and thoy hnvo
a wuy peculiar to iheir craft of knowing
who is and wbo is not.
Th'a Commercial Telegruph ers' union is nn
International und Ihey point with considerable pride to the fuel Hi;,I it is from the
union members of Cnnndn that tho signal
corps has drawn ils strength. Sixty-ono
union members have loft the Winnipeg office
to join Ihe colors nnd fight for freedom. Jn
the United Stales there nre hundreds of
union telepgrnpli'.-rs who have enlisted but
Ihey mny not mnke known the fnct thoy
nre union men. They sny Ihey are willing
to tight for political demncraoy and freedom
but that Ihey realize fit' futility of Ihe struggle for them If they nre lo continue in Industrial slavery. One veteran put it in this
way:
"Why shout for freedom nnd liberty nnd
democracy unless you ura willing to fight
for these ideals ut home, ns well us abroad.
The Industrial tyrants of the Western Union
and Postal nre worse enemies of Amerlcun
institutions than 'even lbe HoheilBollorns,
Isn't i| time wo made Ibis plain to every
telegrnpher nnd urged tham to apply Ihe
remedy! We think it is nnd here is wbei"
we shirt a light for our industrinl freedom.
Suggests Advisory Labor Council
Tlio nnnounoomont from Ottawa tltut
lho government will probably form n
permanent advisory committeo on the
labor situation, somewhat on tho lines
of thr body whicli oxlsts in Washington, will bo received with satisfaction.
It is proposed that tho ndvisory committee should consist of loading representatives of labor, employers, nnd ug-
ricultunil representatives, Tn this wny
it is believed a belter spirit of co-op-
oration will be secured und that Cnnndn
will be better nblo to utilize to tho
fullest advttntago during the next fow
critical monllis, her full intiu-powor. An
advisory cotnuiiUee such ns exists in
the Uni tot) Statos is, by its very constitution, well oqulppod to forestall and
prevent labor disputes or fo adjust thom
in ease they come to u hend. This
hitler function alono would justify tlio
establishment of an ndvisory committeo on lnbor and it is to lie hoped thut
every clTort will be made by the government to establish a body which will
have the oonfldonco of boih capital uud
labor, und the publie spirit, to net according io the merits of the easOB ns
they arise—Industrial Progross and
Commercial Record.
There is no genius in life like the
genius of energy nnd netivity.—D. G.
Mitchell.
I'iledrlvers—W.   F,  Ironsides,   E,   Carlson,
B. Horn.
Flastorers—No delegntcs.
Progressive   Homo  Workers—JMsb   C.   M.
King,
Hetail Clerks—A. P.  Olen.
Railway Mnil Clerks—No delegates.
Street Railway Employoas—it. Clark, Kermode,
Sheet Metal Workors—A. J. Crnwford, J.
W. Frlond.
Sailors—W. S, Burns.
Shoo Workors—W. Elvln, S. Hallam.
Stiigo Employees—No delegates,
Shipyard  Lu borers—M.  Phelps,    P,  Page,
G. A. Kilpatrick.
Steam Engineers—W. Alexander, H. Long-
ley, J. O'Noil, W. L. Vaughan.     ,
Hhipwrights—A. McAnlnch, J. Crockett, R.
Mc Konzie.
S. S. Dredgomon—No dolegates.
Tailors—J. Ellsworth, A. R. Cntonby.
Typos.—w. R. Trotter, G. Bartley, W. H.,
Jordan.
Tlio Layers—No delegates.
Tclogruplicrs—G. h, Gnuvrenn.
Teamsters—B,   Showier,   J.   F.   Poole,   G.
Poirle, F. Hnslolt.
Musicians—J, Denis, A. ,T, Mnlncord.
AMU nnd Factory Workers—W. Kean, A.
Gordon,
Warehousemen—J.  Rose,    J.   Edgar,     E,
Anderson.
Total, 118.
FRED KNOWLES,
Statistician.
Empress
Coffee
Is an old product tn a new
dress
It is now packed in a double*
lined, sunitury wenthor-proof bug
—unground to preservo tho (nil
fluvoi* and strength—your grocer
will grind it.
Although it is the snmo reliable "monoy buck" Coffee, it is
now sold {or $40 per ft. instead
of 50c when formerly packed in
the tin containor.
You save 10c per ft. nnd save
tho motal for the Allies by buying iu tho new puckngc.
At your favorite dealers
Empress Mfg. Co.
Limited
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
IDE LECKIE IE
Oo to your dealer today and ask
to see the various styles of
"Lecltie" "■■--
Step into a pnir and noto tho
real comfort. Comfort nnd wearing qnnlities have always been
(irst considerations lit the nianu*
i'ueturo of I.ECKIE SHOES—
thoy nre honestly built.
Then again, everv penny you
pny for LECKIE SHOES is kopt
in British Columbia to keep tlio
wheels of industry humming—to
keep pay-rolls going.
Why b.iy foroign-mado shoes
when I.ECKIE SHOES aro belter
and eost no morel You'll lind
LECKIE SHOES lho best investment you ever made. Oct them
at your favorite dealer.
Built for Wear, Stylo nnd Comfort.
Willington'i "Ship" Barber Shop
iU FENDER STBEET WEST
UNION   SHOP—BEST   EQUIPMENT
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Temple
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
—Headquarter for Labor Men—
Ratos—750 nnd $1.00 jut day.
$2.50 jior week and up.
Cafo at Reasonable Kates
To Federationist
Subscribers:
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgment of lubserlp*
tli.iia ur ronewalR iro made.
Tbo address labt. on yonr
paper carries the date te which
your subscription is paid. If,
aftor forwarding monies to this
office*, tho correct change In
your label dato Is not made,
notify ub at once. Whon you
bave a kick to mnke regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
sond it to this offloo—not to
tho othor follow. Thus yon
will .get mattern adjusted, and
we'll all be happy,
B.C Federationist
R. FARM. PETTIPIECE,
Manager.
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B, 0.
ARGUE!
.0ONJONES
O-elte Tree n vobacco.
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE NEW TABLES—
<BruDswlck*Balke Gollon-ler Co.)
—Headquartera for Union Men—
Union-made   Tobaccos,   Olgari   and
Cigarettes
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
NEWS STANDS
The Fodorationlst Is on sale In
Vancouvor ut the following new,
stands:
UNIVERSAL NEWS STAND,
184 Hustings Street Eaat
PANAMA PACIFIC NEWS STANDS,
Cornor Hastings and Columbin.
MoFADDEN NEWSTAND,
422. Richards Street
B. 0. E. NEWS  STAND,
Cor. Carrall and Hastings Stroot
THODEY'S NEWS STAND,
Cor. Richards and Hastlnga
JOHN GREEN NEWS STAND,
206 Carrall Street
W. GALLOWAY,
135 Hastings Enst
W. R. COULTER,
Port Coojiltlam,  B. C. FRIDAY...
...February 15, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
THE EMPORIUM
COMPANY, LIMITED
CO-OPERATIVE
FOOD DEPARTMENT, consisting of groceries, meat, fish, poultry and
vcgotables.   Located temporarily at 450 Granvillo street, Vancouver,
will move to new quarters, 823 Granville street,   early   next   week.
The company will deliver in Greater Vancouver.
TO  THE PUBLIC
fp HIS STORE carries tho very beBt quality of goods that can be had.
•* Our prices are reasonable and we respectfully solicit your patronage.
TO  THE SHAREHOLDERS
_ This storo belongs to you. It was established for the purposo of having you purchaso and distribute your goods in co-operation with others,
receiving them at invoico cost, plus the actaul cost of handling.
•fl It is expected by tho management that you will tako an interest
in the general conduct of the business. Naturally you will patronize
the store, as you only pay tho actual cost of goods purchased, receiving
tho discount from the regular retail price at the time your purchaso is
made, and furthor thut you will uae your influence with any friends, to
get them to trade at this storo, as they receive flrst quality articles at
reasonable prices.
i] Any profit that is made on tho goods sold to the goneral public will
bo divided among shareholders in the form of dividends.
t_ When ordering gooda in person, bo sure you havo your identification
check with you, ns.you may be a stranger to tho salosmun. If ho asks
you to show your check, do not bo offended, ns it is a precaution usod
i'or your protection,
■If When ordering goods over the phone, in addition to giving your
name nnd streot address, give your check number to tho person taking
your order.
fl If at any timo you wish any information regarding the business,
mako an appointment to see the inanngor, who will bo glad to confer
with you and make every effort to thoroughly inform you on overy subject.
f_ You have thc right to ask to seo the invoices if you wish to verify
tho cost of any article.
IJ In order that the servico may be kept at a high standard you should
mnke it a point to report to tho management, uny inattention on the part
of nny employee, or deficiency in the service. In order thnt such complaint or suggestion may recoivo proper attention, write it out, giving
dotails, address tho envelope to the Secretary of the company, and either
hand it to the cushier ,or mail it. Your name will not bo used, but tho
matter will receive prompt and vigorous attention.
1,
Yes.
PERTINENT QUESTIONS ASHED AND ANSWERED
Is this a Joint stock company?
2.   Can a joint stock company be co-operative?
Yes. Co-operation means joint oporntion; tho association of a number of persons for the cheaper purchasing of goods, or for the carrying
on of sonic branch of business. It mutters not whether it be a corporation or uu association.
3. Is the company a democratic organization?
Yes. The shnres uro divided into two classes, preferred and common. The preference shines draw 8 per cent, dividend, before the
common shares draw any, but havo no vote in tho management of tlio
eompany. The common shares havo ono vote each, but no person will
bo uble to secure more thun ono share of common stock, consequently
can have only one voto.
4. Are the shareholders in the company liable for any of the debts
of the company?
No. The company is limited by shares, ond when you pny tho pur
value of your shares at tho timo of purchase, us you aro doing in- this
case, there is no further liability. If you purchased shares in a corn-
puny the par value of whieh wits ono dollar, thc sume as in this case,
and you only paid fifty cents of the dollar, you would always eurry tho
liability of tho other fifty cents, but in this ease your shares, whether
preferred or common, are fully paid and uon-asBOs'sablfl.
5. What about salaries?
No salarios will bo paid, except to persons who nre actually working
for the company, and no more salary will be paid to them, than is puid
by other stores for the same class of work and oflnnoncy,
6. How about management?
Kuc.h department of the store will bo under an expert in thnt purtic-
*ular lino, who will be accountable to the directors, or someone appointed by them, for tho success of his department.
7. Will the company give credit at its store?
No. No person connected with the company hus nny authority to
extend credit to any person, therefore it is useless to ask.
8. Is there any promotion stock?
No. Not one dollar. Every person who owns shares in tho company will pay not less than one dollur per share.
9. What is tho expense of organization?
The company, by its articles, cannot pay a commission exceeding 15
per cent, on shares.
SOME PEOPLE have the notion that co-operation is a beautiful dream,
but lhat it is impossible in practical business. This idea has been
promulgated and kept alive by the middlemen and profitoors, whose business it is to see thut nothing prospers that iu any way interferes wilh
their continual fleecing of the public. Hy appealing to ignorance und
prejudice, thoy have heretofore been fairly successful.
■IJ This organization wus founded for the sole purpose of bringing the
consumer and producer closer together, thorby reducing the cost of living.
t_ To use the words of u committee in u report to the American Feder-
ation nf Labor, at Buffalo, N. Y., at a recent eonvention nf that body, in
whieh they said, "that protosts, denunciation, condemnation and investigation wiU not enable us'to obtain tho articles used in every day life at
reasonable prices. Nothing will do this oxcept organization."
f) Nrnv that we aro organizod and have a store of whicli you may feel
proud, let .is all pull together and work to make it u big success. Tell
your friends und give them the opportunity to become purchasers, so
that they muy be able to get the benefit of co-operation.
INVESTMENT
<]| In addition to the shares you now hold, which gives you all voting
and purchasing privileges any one may huve, no matter how many shares
Ihey hold. You should purchase all tho shares you can afford to buy,
as these draw S per cent, dividend annually.
i_ If sickness or misfortune should overtake you, you can arrango with
the London Finance Company to loan you money on the shares, At the
sume time you retuin your trading privileges, or the company will arrange to sell them for you, iu which transaction you will receive your
investment back.
fj    Beside making further investment, you will assist tho company in
opening up other departments, which they propose doing just as fast us
the money is paid iu to them by the fiscal ugent.
fl    All trunsuctions regarding the purchase of shares avo with The
London Finance Co., 014 Bower Buildings, 543 Granville street,
The Emporium Co., Limited
6M Bower Building
Seymour 3227
543 GRANVILLE STREET
Copenhagen
Chewing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has a pleasing
flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
II
All the Government Pledges
Since War Began Have
Been Broken
Opposition   to  Prolonging
thc War Is Rapidly
Developing
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The enclosed
clipping Is indicative oil ths foaling, manifesting itself today in the workshops of .Britain. It Is tnken from tho Daily Mews and
header, nn organ representing the advanced
capitalists^ those peopb who indulge In canteens, playgrounds, hospitals and barber
shops inside their workshops, tho latter being common in munition works in England.
Then* Is undoubtedly a growing opposition,
on tho part of the workers, to the war, the
(,11yd j particularly is a storm centre, but tho
unrest is not confined to Scotland.
T. CAVANAGH.
145 Cook stroet,
Pendleton, Manchester.
I am not responsible for the shop stewards' viewB on man power. I simply stato
them, and I do so because it is essential
that they should be stated. An industrial
situation, tho gravity of which it would ho
folly to ignore, confronts the nation, and if
public judgment is to be passed on the issues
the public must have a clear knowledge of
what those ishues aro.
The burnt fact, from which consideration
of what may conveniently though Inadequately bo termed the shop stewards' standpoint
must start, is the isolation taken last Sunday by two largo and representative meetings
of Clydoslde workors—ono official, one non-
oflicial—to down tools on January 31 unless
the Man-Power bill is withdrawn and peaca
negotiations begun before that date. That
Attitude, as the reports of meetings elsewhere indicate, Is not confined to the Clyde,
but it Is to a Clydeslde shop steward that ono
naturally turns first for whatever defence
can be advanced of a menace that the most
sympathetic critics have stigmatised as
flinging wido the doors to anarchy .
I have had tho opportunity today of arguing tho matter axhoustlvely with two Glasgow shop stewardsmon, dour and slow of
speech, relentless logicians, resolute to the
point of obduracy in defenco of their convictions. It is not unjust to cull tbem extremists, but they maintain, nnd I hnve
more renson to accept tlmn question the
ciaim, that their views aro the views of n
formidable section of the men on tho Clyde
and in other great industrial arms.
A Bolshevik Peace
"What," I asked them, to come direct
to the point, "nro tho factors that determined tho attitudo of tho Clyd-3,"
Tlie question cleared the ground at once.
There is admittedly sume controversy about
pledges. The government, it is said, undertook that dilutees should be taken before
skilled men, and replaceable dilutees are being hit in the shipyards while skilled men
in the sume craft are being taken from the
shops. Hut the pledges are, with the men
1 am discussing, mere the excuse for than
tho cause of resistance to the Man-Power
Ltill. Tbeir case is summed up in a sentence: "This war has gone on long enough."
Neither more or less must be read into
that sentence than tho words imply. It Is
nut a question of the origin of the war.
It is not a question of pence at any prico.
It Is a question of the present situation and
tbe Way out, The way out, according to
the Clyde, is negotiation.
"Bvfore the go vein ment coino with tho
Man-Power Bill," was tho argument, "let
thtm range themselves with tho Bolsheviks,
demand an urmislic and endeavor to get
pence on the Bolsheviks' terms—no annexations, uu indemnities und the sclf-dctcrmiun-
.i.m of nationalities."
"Why," 1 wns asked, "should tho government call on me to light to continuo n
war thnt I think ought to stop I I am entitled In know what 1 am to tight for, and
wh-llier whut has to be nltuined can't be
attniued without more fighting, As it is I
huve no voice on war aims and no voice on
whether WO are to tight for our aims or negotiate  for  them."
War Aims and Methods
"Suppose," 1 suggested, "tho government
adopted Ihe Labor war aims us a whole,
what would you Bay!"
"It's unite us muoh a question of how
to got what we want as of what it is thai
we want. Whnt we stand for is an armistice. It's no uso for lho government to
promise to do Litis or that. Evory pledge
Lnbor has luid from tlie government has
been broken. We've no use for more
pl.dges. What wo want Is a definite action
—arm Is tl CD   nnd   negotiation."
Assuming that the government were willing
tu negotiate but at Iho sume time fell it
necessary to go forward with tbe Man-Power
BUI as a safeguard in case of a breakdown
of thu negotiations 1"
"There would be no need of a Mnti-1'ower
BUI during an urmisliee. Our man power
is admittedly sufficient for present needs, und
an nrmlstioj would meroiy keep thiugtt as
they are. As for tho negotiations, we should
want an open and honest roport of how
tbey were going. Our own representatives
might deliberately work for their breakdown."
"But if the representatives were, for example, Lloyd George and Balfour and, let
us say, Robert Smilllol"
"If we had our own m?n (here, of course',
it would make a dilVeronco."
I  allacked   fn in  anothor angle.
"Conceding your main position, for tho
sake of argument," 1 pursued, "how can
you defend tbo 'down tools' policy 1 What
will 'down tuols' mean tu tlie meu at the
front!"
"We nro told on tho Clyde that the one
thing to oonoontrnto on Is shipping. Going
slow on that won't au'eel Ihe men at Ihe
front." That was purl <*f the reply. The
other part  1   have reasons  for omit ing.
We got back to tho continuance of the war.
"Negotiations," I pointed out, "might
honestly break down. The German annexationists might get the upper hand and refuse any peace on Bollieviki I tins. What
thon!"
Then I gathered there would ho a ol avago
in Clyde opinion (Civile opinion ruling far
afield from the Clyde). There an those
who believe thnt only pence enn relonse the
forces tbnt will remake lh' world, and thnt
nn oariy peace matters more than an lib ill
peace. The majority, I nil uld judge, would
be   satisfied   with   an   honest   attempt   al   a
"no annexations" praoo, and if they could
not get it by agreement would be for getting
it by fighting.
A Final Challenge
Nor Is the Clyde frankly anarchic. ItB position, M)_ reported to mo, Is that it is being
nsked to ci n ti line a war whose continuance
It believes unnecesMiry and disastrous at the
behest of a government in whose good faith
it puts no confidence. On that point I put
a final challenge.
''You say,'' I recalled, "that you have
no voice iu the questl n of lbe future of
tho war. Suppose there were nn rl clion
nnd the government wns sent back to powor,
would you recognise their rltrht to go forward with  the   Man-Power Bill then!"
"Yes, we sll'iild accept the situation, provided, of course, that tne election was on
the new rglster."
An election on the old register, thoy Indicated, would merely foment indignation and
discontent. #
Never did n conversation revolve more inexorably round one fixed point. "Negotia-
'Inn fi st. More fighting if necessity demands
after that."
That was where wo start d. Thnt wns
where wo ended. 1 huve set down tbe rase
as it was stated to me, because wha'rvr
Viow we take it is important that the public
should ktiMv what Ideas are at work behind
this grave situntlon,
RULING  OtASS HAS  STARTED
SOMETHING IT CAN'T FINISH
Unless tho war in settled forthwith, Sir
Algernon says, "Tmnrs w'II dlennp nr and
foundations  of society be shaken."
HxuetM If the war I- prolnnir.fi a y-ar
or so—the time required to administer a
th rough defeat to thf junkers- ihron r will
dlnnpii iit\ arKncraelos will !>■■ aboHeh»d and
nntecraoles will rocMve thoir d-alh blow.
Th-'t* fore, say the Turks, lit the wnr be
end d  forthwith,
Therefore, eay the world's rlemncrncles,
It the war continue until the knls-v and Ms
junkers n-- rvrilirnwn n«d *il"inr wit1' 'iv m
the monarchs, the aristocracies, Ihe Tories
and  pbiteerael-s   "f  th" eltfcnti   COtintrlcH.—
Nolle  Weekly   Bull tin.
B. 0. WOMEN AWAKENING
, [Women's Western Weekly]
That tile women of Vancouver are thoroughly alive to the world of opportunities
opened up by their exercise of the franchise
is evidenced by the fact that, with the opening of thie provincial house, tb y are losing
no time in pressing the government to enact
some much-needed legislation to butter tne
condition of women and children. Wltb a
woman member who represents tbem from
overy viewpunt and who has their interests
at heart, thoy are already a power in the
house, and it but remains for tneni to add
the strength of their voice to hers to realize
the goal to which the securing of the franchise was but a means, In pleading for
mothers' pensions a step in the ng..i uir c-
ti..n is being taken, and when one realises
that the future citizenship of our province
and city would be practically free of criminals, delinquents, defectives and incompetents If all conditions of child poverty wore
eliminated, it sounds like tho dawn of a
glorious era. The pity is that when it Ib
bo easy and so much more economical to
society to protect children from the tragedies of poverty and of motherless homes,
so many in pust yearB sheuld have had to
suffer for want of proper legislation. Mothers' pensions will save many a home from
wreck and ruin, many a mother from heartache, and many a child from a downward
cartiar.
WHY NOT AN EIGHT-HOUR
DAY FOB B. 0. LOGGERS?
No Reason on Earth Why B. 0. Loggers
Loggers Bhould Be Working a
Ten-Hour Day
In explanation of why ho is urging
thc United States presidont to establish
an eight-hour dny in tho lumber industry in the Pacific Northwest and nowhere elso, Secretnry of Lnbor Wilson
has written a long lcttor to Senator
Jones: The salient feature of it follows:
"So far us I am advised at the presont
time no other lumber producing district la
situated an is tho Pacific Northwest in Its
surrounding circumstances. Nearly all the
largo industries on IHe coast a**- being operated on an eight-hour work day, with time
and one-half for overtime. The waff" rat"
for all classes of labor Ib high aB compared
with the pre-war period, 'inese inUusui) s
ure absorbing largo numbers of men. They
will not go into tho lumber industry on a
ten-hour basis when they can securo an
eight-hour work day in tits Immediate vicinity with as high or higher wnges and more
comfortaho housing conditions and social
surroundings. An a result the lumber district in tho Northwest Is short of labor. Tho
spruce production is not more than 50 ptr
cent, of the needs of the government, and
I nm advised by Mr, Hurley that tho shipping board is unable to get the fir it needs
for shipbuilding purposes.
"Undjar theso circumstances I believe It
is imperative that the Pacific Northwest
lumbermen should accede to n basic eight-
hour day, with time and one-half for overtime. I know of no other way in which
civilian labor can bo obtained to secure the
necessary production of lumber. In nny
event, civilian labor, in my judgment, will
have to be immediately supplemented hy
volunteers from the cantoninentu to promptly bring the lumber production up to the
pressing  needs  of the  government.
"Thoro Is no other lumber producing soction in tho United States that has to mleet
these conditions. It would bo useless to
maintain equality of competitive conditions
if tbey are unable to secure tho labor to
produce thi? necessary material to eompoto
with. Tho lumbermen of the Pacific Northwest nre so situated thnt they must meet
the competition for lnbor ns well ns tho
competition for trade, or else the United
Stntes government cannot he supplied with
essential material to fill its imperative needs
for airplanes nnd ships."—Union Record,
Soatla.
Forget It
Zero weather on the prairies. Everybody
kicking. Mild and mushy in Prince Rupert.
Everybody beefing. Gold ns the linger of
scorn, up in Yukon. Everybody howling
All kinds of snow in Anyox. Everybody
growling. Hot ns Sheol, wny down south.
Everybody snarling. Aw, what's tbo use?
—Prince Rupert Empiro.
Although the wny of life b"3 long.
And   rough  and   hard  the  sledding,
It Isn't where yen nre that counts,
But  whither  you   are  heading."
Island Miners Fid Move in
Right Direction Has
Been Made      •
The Political Alignment of
Workers in Line with
New Unionism
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., Feb. 12.—
A meeting of tho faithful took placo here
on Sunday last, when most of tho time was
taken up In listening to the roport of the
dolegates to tho II. C. V. of L, convontion.
The meeting was of the opinion that a
mo v.*. had been mndo in the right direction,
lu forming a politicnl party, and a committee is waiting for tho necessary information
from tho secretary of the party and will
start organization work when the information is forthcoming.
Bro, West well, who was elected a vice'
president of the party, expressed his inability to take that position, owing to other
pressing business, chief of which was the
training of the nuw bund which is becoming
more expert as time* rolls on.
We hopo to havo a May-day celebration,
at which tho band is expected to play.
Bro. Wostwoll has written Secretary Trotter, declining the proffered honor, and has
suggested tho nnme of Jns, Hodgklnson or
Wm. Weston, Nanaimo, to fill the position.
This arrangement would, after all, he beneficial, as Nanalmo is in need of a largo
Amount of educational work, and either of
the above-i\amed will he a decided acquisition to the party, as they are tried and
truo workers.
The electors of South Wellington can always be relied upon to voto the right wuy,
but wo aro not overburdened with active
workers. However, as soon as W. R. T.
gets busy with tho necessary printed mattor
wo aro going to start our organization campaign in an endeavor to arouse a real liv.?
interest.
A Change of Feed
It is not sufficient that wo work for about
two weeks at election time, and thun go
to sleep for four years. There must not
be any sleeping nt tho switch, if wo Intend
to make those ducks nt Victoria look sick.
Wo have been fed on promises too long
and in the near futuro wo aro going to do
our best to fulfil one of onr promises. We
aro going to run this provinco for the useful members of society, and chase tho present political tricksters Into oblivion, or, in
tho words of tho notorious Jimmy Young
(lnt\ Nanaimo socialist and present liberal
handyman), "We will relegate them to the
obscurity from whence they sprung."
On Correct Linos
Tho Into convention, in going on record
in favor of forming n politicnl pnrty, performed n useful function. They launched
a political party founded 'on class lines; a
party in which nil who nre tired of this
dng-eat-dog system can find a placo.
The members don't join as enginoers,
blacksmiths, carpenters, butchers, bakers,
etc., bnt aB workors—which is perfectly in
line with mother principle that was endorsed at tho convontion, when It went on
record as being opposed to tho craft union
form of organization, and fn fnvor of industrinl organization. This resolution was passed
without a murmur of disapproval, nnd if
tho delegates to tho convention wero truly
representative of the men who sent tbem
thoro, than oil that remains Is for the unions
to take the matter up and devise a plan
through whicli the closer form of organization can he brought about. ,
Liable to Bust Something
Speaking candidly, I do not think this
matter has been given sufficient consideration,
but 1 belhvo that the organization work
connected with the new political party will
demonstrate the necessity of economic organization along tho same lines.
Organization along industrial lines may
possibly break up tbo present movement,
international onlv in name, brgantaod ns it
is under the A. _, of h., essentially n United
States' movement, which would have been
amply demonstrated had the Americans entered the war on the side of Germany. Where
would Sammy Gompers have stooa men I
Would he have hesitated one moment before
throwing the Canadian membership of the
A. F. of L, to the winds t He ^ould do
then as he is doing now—cringe at the feet
of his masters, and strafe Canada as he it
now strafing Germany.
The new unionism is founded upon the
solid foundation of the socialist philosophy.
It stands for the abolition of the wage system, instead of for "a fair day's work for
a fair day's wage." It foLows out the
policy of solving the problems of each eountry within that eountry, and standing as it
does, upon ths principle of the abolition
of the wage system, which of necessity must
be brought about by the collective ownership
of the machinery of production, lt falls in
line with the international socialist movement, and the Labor movement could then
participate in meetings of the "Internationale."
Elastic Imagination Needed
Could any one imagine Sammy Gompers
being entitled to take part in an international socialist congress with his "fair day's
wage for a fair day's work" motto! instead of breaking up ths international Labor
movement, it would make possible a true
international movement, for Its ultimate goal
would be the workerB of the world united,
first, by being Industrially organised in thHr
respective countries and, secondly, by being
affiliated undor the banner of the "Internationale."
Wo eould then echo tha words of the grand
old hymn:
"Arise ye workers of the nations;
Arise,   ye  toilers   of   the   earth—
For Justice thunders condemnation,
A better land's in birth."
Officialdom WIU Bt Horrified
There Is another phase to the question
that should be taken into consideration. That
la the question of economy. The number
of officials would be greatly reduced, and
therein lies tho apparent cause of the opposition to industrial unionism. Think of
the vast numbers uf paid officers in tho various croft-union organizations, affiliated as
they are, with central, provincial and Dominion bodies, each of which has its separate machinery, with an endless duplication
of officers.
Under tho industrial plan, ono man could
do tho work that four are doing now. Let
us take into consideration the money that
Is spent,' and the hardship that is endured
in fighting sectional strikes, which could bu
avoided were we organized as workers,
I venluro to assert that were tho workers
of B. C, organized In an Industrial union,
which was Dominion and Empire-wide, tho
mere threat of a strike would bo sufficient
to accomplish its ends.
Wo should he ready to admit the necessity of a closer form of organization, when
wo realize the difficulties that beset us when
we try to propagate the idea of indulging
in a down-tools policy, under the present
system of organization. The machinery we
have is too cumbersome to bring about a
successful general strike, so why not follow
tho example set by our masters, who speedily
discard machinery that is unfit to perform
iu work in an efficient manner.
Let ub build up an organization that can
work hand In hand with the movement on
tho political field. Don't let us make monkeys of ourselveB by fighting in tha industrinl field for a fair day's wage, etc., and
on tho political field for tho abolition of
the wage system.
The War Will Soon Be Over
Zurich, Feb. 6.—Tho Allgemeine Zoitung
Fuer Brauerien (General Gaiotto for Brew-
I'rieB) says that the supply of barley for
German breweries will bo stopped, thus
bringing the whole brewing industry to a
standstill, Not oven b;er for tho army will
he produed, the periodical declares,
If you haven't joined the Federated Lahor
Party, get In touch with Socrotary Twitter,
Room 206, Labor Tomple, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout tbe province. ***
Dentistry!
Crowns, Bridges and Fillings
made tha same shade as yon own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Ca mot ell
Open   evenings   7;<10  to   8:30.
Dental   nursu  in  attendance.
COB. GRANVILLE AND ROBSON
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Storo
Phone Soy. G238
Union Made
HATS
MADE TO TIT TOUB HEAD
$3.50 and $4.00
NONB TO EQUAL
SELLERS & DAVIS
H«t Manuf tctniMi
344 ABBOTT STBEET
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
(Bet. Hutlngi ud Cordon BU.)
SLATER'S
For Quality
Largo cans Tomatoes  16c
Small cans Tomatoes, 2 for.. 26c
Bobortson 's   Old    Country
Jam, Raspberry, 1 lbs  76c
Slater's Tea, per lb _ 30c
Baking Powder, 5 lbs. for.. 76c
Lipton's Cocoa, half-lb  20c
Milk, per tin  10c
Salmon, large tins, per tin.. 16c
Clark's Pork and Boons, 3
for   25c
DELIVERY TO ALL PABTS
131 Hutlngi St. But   Mr. 3268
830 Qranvilta St.      Sey. 866
3214 Mala Stnet.     Mr. 1083
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
is IT IN TOUBB?
—Phone Fairmont 2824—
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutlngi Strut Wut
T. B. CUTHBERTSON _ CO.
Men's Ilatters and Outfitters
030 Granville Street
619 Hastings Streot West
CHALLENGE   SALE
*"pHE Liberty Store challenges any store
in Vancouver to meet our low prices-
For today and Saturday's selling we
offer a few specials that will make thrifty
buyers sit up and take notice. Join the
crowds here and reap the benefit. SALE
STARTS AT 10 A.M.   Read On!!
ARROW COLLARS
LOT    No.    I—Arrow   Collars;
mi" dozen; nil sizes, all shapes.
Regular 20c. |JA
Challenge salo        v
MEN'S OVERALLS
LOT No. _—Men'a Ovorn.ls—
Regular $2.00. Th) famous
"Carhartt" and "Hutld g"
brand*.    Challenge     $J ,40
HARD HATS
LOT No. 3—Hard Hats—
"Btotson," "Christy" and
other will known brands.
M Miy k ma tl sizes. Regular
♦fl.00.    Challango 98-b
35c Men's Hosiery
CHALLENGE
SALE
19c
Cotton Work Shirts
Work Shin.,
ten shirt..   Rogular S
Ci IALLENGE
SALE
39c
25c  Hindi   I.lilO  Sock..
Challongo Salo	
let}
50c Cord-end Suspcndors.
29*?
100 dozon "Penman's" Blue Tip, nil wool
Underwear. 11 g, $2.    Chnllange salo	
$1.29
Men's Boots tor work or dress.    Keg. $0.00,
?3.9S
$1.00  Natural   "Merino"   Underwear. 63<?
Challenge aale	
H-iivy nil-wool Flannel Shirts.    Reg. $4.20.    $1,08
Chnlhngt salo  ^
Boys'  Fine  Suit;.;  hundreds of new patterns,    K gulnr
$0.00 and $10.00. $5.98
Chilli mm  mi!i.       "
Heavy Ribbed Underwear, 400 dosen,   Hog,     08^
♦1,75,   Challenge snln  ^
Manufaoturira' sal*-* of Men's Trounrsi 206 pairs of
.saiujii,- I'aats; values lo ♦8.00| nil ilsei, nil khadrt. In
li,,..  worsteds, tweeds,  etc. S3.08 Tl> $3.98
Challenge sale  r r
$0.00 Heavy "Jumbo Knit" Sweater Coats, S3 40
Challongo sah    T
Boy's  Blue Sorgo l'nnts.     Reg. to $2.25.        S1.20
Oballongo sale     "
floo pairs Women's Boils, a,l sizes. Rog. $3,08
ti) $ii).oo.   Challenge sale	
Big  lino »l   Mtin'S   Pitr3   Boots,     Values t<
$8.flo.    Challenge aalo	
1.08
75c Necktks. 24tf
Challongo sal"  7
ooo dozen Uandkorclilofs.   Regular 10. 7<)
Challongo sal.-         T
U6o Uarl n.    Challenge 14*$
MKN'S HIGH-GRADE SHOES—In latoct popular
btyl Si Including Midi makes an "Regal," "Watkovtr,"
' Hailt" and 'Hlnler."     Values to $10.00.    $5,40
Challongo sate „     >
Beautiful hund-tnilored Suits, Kiinrniileed to equal any
♦30,000.    "Made to M astire"  kind. $14 09
Challongo (-oh*    ™
Men's Fin; Suits, in nil tho latest styles and trawest
ctai,.rr;„„*K:«:..'J!: *ia-79
Lndlos1 Pins Shuts, Including famous Am*rlcin muk.s;
vnlue, in thi, I..I In (12.00. Small lize, «2 SS
only.   Chnllingij ,nlu     <P*"><?«'
Mori's Pino shirt,.   Itogular lo J1.S5. 40A
Cliallonso solo     10v
Soli H»ls.   llogulsr lo »3.60. S1.49
Una.! oiii- ,nl *       >
His line ■■( Mm. Shlrlsi oil llios; oil onl..**.: Ini-hi.tlni*
Cimodn'1 i> si inikss.   Itogular to *2.f>o.      SI 19
Climl ngo Ml           «p»,«.
T    ■ • 1 J ^1 1 Canada's
Liberty Store 319
Canada's Greatest Bargain Store
m—m———™———m
Hastings W. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY February 15, 1018
Is Your Supply of
Heavy Underwear
Fairly Complete?
IF NOT it is advisable for you men
to supply your needs for the
next two or three winters, now.
Woollen Underwear is advancing in
price, and is becoming scarce. Our
stocks are very complete and under
"Our Right Selling Plan," our
prices ure still low.
SHIRTS AND DRAWEES, garment
$1.25, $2, $2.25, $2.50, $3, $3.60, $4.25
and $6.00
COMBINATIONS, per suit
$2.50, $4, $4.60, $5, $6, $7, $8.50 and
$12.00
153 HASTINGS ST.W,
THE ORIGINAL UNION GENTS' OLOTHING STORE
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
■■ [By J. B.] ==========
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
The Returned Soldier
Though feeling great sympathy
for tho plight of tho soldier at home,
and abroad, one can no longer refrain
from asking what aort of a hybrid is
a returned soldior?
Ho goes away a decent working man.
He comes back und forms himself into
clubs and then demands that no labor
man be appointed a member of an exemption tribjnal.
It was stated in tho nowspnpera that
tho military men on tho exemption tribunals    wero    gathering    information
THE GARMENT WORKERS
would like, through your paper,
to appeal to tho workingman of
Vancouver to ask him to buy
only local-made goods. Sohie departmental Htores aro advertising
uuion-mado overalls which are
mado in the east, and Edmonton,
at u cheaper rato than they cnn
bo made in this city. However,
tho Garment WorkerB* feel sure
that no workingman will consider
n few cents moro for a garment
whon they realize they arc helping their fellow-workers to havo
steady work and better wages,
and that they may also be able
to meet the high cost of living.
Tho local-made garments bear tho
Label: The "CARHARTT,"
manufactured by Hamilton Carhartt, World Building; and the
"TWIN BUTE," by Jas. Thomson & Sons, Water Street.
SEORETARY GARMENT
WORKERS' UNION
Vancouver, B. C.
about tho circumstances of all who
sought exemption. We learned later
that tho information was gathered by
returned soldiers as spies. Also the
information was not confined to tho exemption claim, but included the political opinions of tho man coming before
tho tribunal.
Returned soldior spies wero in the
boarding houses watching thc boys. One
of them in his eagerness was a little
too previous. Ho heard a young fellow say that he was going to leave tho
country. He meant that ho had enlisted in a regiment he preferred, beforo
being actually told to join at Hastings
Park; but tho spy got busy, and the
astonished boy found himBelf in prison.
It took his friends some time to discover whero he was, and to let the
officers of his regiment know why ho
did not report for duty on tho day appointed. Two or three days passed before he was transferred from tho jail
to the barracks whero ho belonged.
A soldier now on his way to Franco
said that the roturned soldiers were
spoiling things for themselves.
Some of them were lucky enough to
get into an offico where thoy hud to
servo tho public, but thoy would not
give themselves tho trouble.   Thoy said
WATlHTHISSPACE
A Friend In Need Is a Fritni Indeed
A good insurance policy is always n
truo fri'and.
I represent leading British-Canadian companies.
For Fire, Life, Accidont and Health
Insurance, your patronago will bo appreciated.
D. J. MORRISON
NEW ENGLAND HJT'.'*
Sey. 7616-0      Vancouver, B. O.
To the Producer
—the Working Man
Any local product should havo first call in its local market, nil conditions being
dual, that Ib, providing price, quality and servica aro equal.
If a local product is superior, price no higher, and service also superior, there
is added forco to tho argument,
Having established thesj facts, let ub draw your attention to
ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR
(NEW GOVERNMENT GRADE)
A big proportion of the monoy you spend for Royal Standard Flour findn its
way back Into the pay envelopes of Vancouver and British Columbia workmen.
ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR
—is milbd in Vancouver by ft British Columbia institution having nearly 300
employee* oti its payroll., Also, more than a quarter of a million of dollnrB is
paid out by this firm each year for farm produco to British Columbia farmers alone.
In common wilh other manufacturers wo are doing our share through tuxes and
payrolls to Kuntaln and build up British Columbia,
The circulation of this money throughout the province is n commercial "wheel
within a wheel." We nr* largely interdependent—a sort of "you scratch my
back and I'll Bcrnlch yours" policy.
But outsido of the question of "loyally to home products"
ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR
STANDS OPON ITS OWN MERITS, It Is a DISTINCTLY SUPERIOR FLOUR,
for the following reasons:
Our wlriat Is Selected In the Canadian Northwest by our own inspectors, who
send sealed sumples to our laboratory for analysis.
This wheat is ground into flour—the flour anftlyxad, then actual baking tests aro
made In our own bako ovens,
Enrli test must measure up to the high -st possiblo stnndard.
Then and only then Is tho wheat bought, and milled into ROYAL STANDARD
FLOt-'K by the best milling methods employed in an absolutely modern mill.
ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR
AT TOUB GROCERS
Look for tlio Trademark—the Clrelo "V"—on ovory suck.
VALUE OF DISCUSSION
Producers' and Consumers'
Co-operative Association
1146 GRANVILLE STREET
The only registered Co-operative association in Vancouver doing business under
the old country system of co-operative societies.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS, SEY. 2219
PROMPT   DELIVERY
NEW-LAID EGGS DAILY: NOW 5S<- per dozen
Seymour 2219 Store: 1146 Granville Street
'Discussion clears tho air of doubts
and lies.
"Discussion explodes false teachings.
"Discission of meekness destroys
meekness.
"Discussion puts iron into tho soul
of the slave, of tho serf, and of the
wage-worker.
"Discussion flashes ideas from brain
to brain.
"Discussion ripens plans and plots
and ways and means of freedom.
"Discussion develops power for organizations.
"Discussion spells hell-for hypocrisy,
death for autocracy, and revolution for
plutocracy.
'' Discussion flashes fraternal heat
from heart to heart.
'' Discussion wrecks wrongs and
ripens rights.
"Discussion destroys despotism and
develops democracy,
"Therefore: 'Down with discussion!
To hell with tho agitator!'—is tho
autocrat-plutocrat's policy — always.
'Silence!' is Caesar's way with slaves
—always. The ancient I'liarnnhs of
Egypt demanded silence. The tyrants
of ancient Babylon and Greece and
Home always promptly crushed discussion among toilers—of all colors. And
this selfsame policy of 'Slaves, keep
silent!' has since been and is now the
conning policy of the ruling class. Thc
policy of silence fogs the brain of the
working class locks the lips of the
bravest, slaves, seals the soul of courage, prevents propaganda, crushes cooperation, balks the workers whenever
and wherever they long for and look
for freedom and strangles their struggle for the Eights of Man for themselves."
as they were roturned soldiors they
wero not obliged to do anything to
earn their sulary, ns they had earned
it already.
Then there was the returned soldior
who held up and robbed a man, and
got off on the plea that he was suffering from shell shock. Add to that the
case of the returned soldier postman
who certainly lost no time in abstracting the hioney from the letters; he can
only have had tho situation a vory
short time.
Tho returned soldiers are certainly
going to bo a problem except to the
capitalist government thnt will use
thom as strikebreakers when the troublo
begins, The troublo will begin, two
employers of labor wero hoard to sny,
when wages drop to zero after thc war,
and tho workers refuse to starve quietly. They will say, liko the man in
"Lea Misorables," "One must live,"
and they will bo given tho same an-
swor: "Wo do not soe tho necessity
for you to live." Then tho soldiers
will bo sent with machine-guns ns
they were to Nanaimo, and they will
lose their miserable pensions if thoy refuse to do anything that is nsked of
them.
It would work out very smoothly,
only unfortunately, very many of the
soldiers will have no pension, but a
grievance instead.
Ono old trick for doing a soldier out
of his pension has been worked successfully in England on mon returning
from this war. "John Bull" had an
article on it; and I myself can vouch
for the same trick being practised after
tho Soudan campaign. It is to pretend
that wur is the most highly salubrious
occupation, and that uny disease or
disability suffered' by a soldier was
caused in some way before he enlisted,
so they tell him ho is not entitled to
a pension.
Even supposing n man did have some
weakness, it was the duty of the medical examiner to find it out and exempt
him.
But if tho man, instend of being exempted, was pronounced quite fit aud
strong, aud thc weakness was developed
later into a serious diseaso, or disablement, by thc hardships of his lifo in
tho army, then he is certainly entitled
to a pension. In civil life the weakness might havo rchiained latent.
Tho examination of a recruit is very
perfunctory, and ho is asked no questions because thoy wish to take him
and do not wish to learn of any weaK-
ness. They take them now without
teeth; and with flat feet, if not too
pronounced; and with leaky hearts, nnd
Bright's disease, and incipient tuberculosis, and they certify that they arc
fit.
But when they examine a mnn for a
pension that is a different thing, and
they havo contrary orders, and they
try to prove that the man's stay in the
army has really prolonged his life, and
that his disability existed when ho enlisted.
Think of a government promising a
man a pension when it calls him to go
to war, and then cheating him out of
it when he comes back.
"Your king and country need you,"
they toll  him when he goes.
"Your king and country do not need
you any longer," they tell him when
he comos back, and is thrown on tho
scrap-heap.
It is renlly a clumsy proceeding the
way they cheat sick and wounded and
crippled meu out of adequate pensions.
It would be much simpler just lo shoot
nil the survivors at tlio end of the war,
nnd then there would bo no money
needed for pensions, and also no returned soldier problem. If lho government does not try this plan it is uot
thnt. they fool any pity, it m.ist be
only that they are not quite sure they
could get away with it. Considering
tho last election, it looks like thoy
could get away with anything in Cnnnda. Besides, why should a capitalist
government caro how largo a pension
a man gets?   They don't pay it.
Ho pays his pension himself; ho nnd
his comrades, tho other workors. and
their wives and childron, and children's
children.
They have to work out tho war debt.
Everything tho returned soldier buya
with his pension is taxed to pay for
tho war, which wo will all go on paying for till wo die, if we aro foolish
onough.
Many Engineers Joining Local
According to Secretary Alexander, of
the  Steam   and   Operating  Engineers,
members are joining tho local from all
parts of thc province.
The despised and reviled coyote—
most hated and destructive of tho wolf
breed—hns brought in somewhere between $200,000 and $250,000 lo the revenues of British Columbia during the
Inst two years, according to tho rough
estimate of the provincial gamo warden, Mr. Bryan Williams.
"Boiling Stones" at the Empress
Ono (if thu very groatoat plnys thnt 1ms
■boon written in lho past ten years Ih thn
extraordinary play, ''Rolling Btonss," nnd
its nooullftr story, with its odd clinrnctcrH
moulded from snmplos of niiluro, mako it
distinctive among tho long list of [trcnt plays.
After Its porformanco in New York city,
New Fibre Silk
Sweaters for
Women
INTRODUCING the latest
styles and most attractive
qualities and shades oi:
which thc following arc a
few:
Sweaters in Nile green,
gold, new green, turquoise
or lavender; made with
fancy collars, cuffs and
pockets; also in plain colors as sky, rose, saxe blue,
gold, etc., at $23.50.
Sweaters in gold, rose,
grey, coral, whito, green
or lavender; made with
large shawl collars and
having slipper pockets
and sash; at $27.50.
Sweaters in turquoise,
tango, new green or purple; made with fancy collar which is pointed in
front. This model has a
3-strip belt; at $29.50.
Nurses' Uniforms
Of fine quality white repp
in a very smart style.
The models feature high
neck effect, have long
sleeves with deep double
cuffs; pockets arc on skirt
part as well as blouse. All
sizes—$3.50.
Nurses' Uniforms, in blue
' at $2.95.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
tlio orltics on nil the papers devoted so
much spaco oxplnlninK its wonderful complications thut there was 11 ran on the box
offlce sticli ns was neytir seen beforo in Now
York city, and ut oivi time every seat in
tho theatre, with exception of tho gallery
wns Bold out for fiovon months nheud, und
many people witnessed this piny as much na
seven  different tim.'s.
THE RETURNED SOLDIER
PERIL
HAS IDEAS ON IHE
[Jack O'Brion]
With a government so niggardly as
to neglect to the point of starvation
its most valuable and faithful servants,
after they aro broken in war, what
can wo expect from tho same set of
red-tapers and robbers but tho same
treatment for their dependents?
Ask the civilian employer, unattached to government interests, aad he will
tell you that as an employer he is going
to engage tho man who does the most
work, regardless of services rendered
to country, community or creation, or
honor and wclfaro of the world at
large.
Just so, Mr. Civilian Employer. And
how frank of you to adniit your guilt
and crime against civilization!
Are you not aware, oven at this lato
date, that times, conditions and principles, have entirely changed from those
of pre-war days?
Aro you not aware that you aro duty
bound, by n thousand rights, to consider the ex-soldier back from tho tight,
in preference to the slick slacker who
hns been playing safe under your protection?
Aro you still imbued with tho onesided, shallow, short idea of self-interest, at the expense and disgrace of a
national calamity?
Aro you?
If so bo that you are, plense allow
ns to point out to you a fow plain,
straight and cold-stool facts, that need
instant attention,
To any such employer, who discriminates ngainst the returned man, lot us
stato: If ho wishes not to be pestered
by n problem, much greater than wilh
whieh he cun cope, lot him refrain from
enhancing the idea that the employment of tho returned man is a inenace
to his business.
On the avorage, tho ox-soldier asks
no odds of the peaceful civilian, who
throughout the war stayed back on tho
safe Canadian soil to cop the best jobs
tho scarcity of men brought, nbout. But
what ho does ask, and will not take n
negative answer, is that he will not bc
discriminated ngninst, simply because
he is not quite ns strong as the slacker.
He will gradually work back to full
recovery and becomo thn country's
most valued and respected citizen.
Until our niggardly, sweatshop government increases to some sort of livable extent, pension and clothing allowance to those discharged from thn
service, the civil em plover mnv woll
term him the returned soldier peril.
How would you, Mr. Civil Employer,
liko to be banded a ton-dollar note In
buv nn outfit nf clothing with? Fifty
dollnrs is as cheap as it is possible to
accomplish thn feat todny.
How would you relish a tension of
eight dollars a month for the loss of
the use of your right nrm?
Mnny more pucll startling fncts cnn
bo roeounted. but wn are not in the
game to criticize, Nor do these remarks como lightly, or from tho uninformed,
The returned soldier peril is a fact.
And steps must be taken nt onco to
remedy it; and the civil employer mnst
holn,
The iden the returned mnn exports
to Inv bnck on his lnnrnls nnd let his
country keep him. is ridiculous, to snv
'he least. But tie expects a square
deal.
Moray Firth Man Says the
Creator Put Fish in Sea
for Use of All Men
[Vancouver Daily Provinco]
Captain James Stewart, who hails
from Moray Firth, which he claims is
thc largest and wealthiest Ashing community in the world, has some interesting ideas regarding tho fishing situation in British Columbia.
"Wo hear much of tho freedom of
the seas in theso troublous times,"
said thc captain to The Province, "and
I really fail to sec why this government should claim any right to exact
money out of the meu of this country
for eilher fishing concessions or licenses to flsh.
"Concessions arc nn absoluto bar to
the development of the fishing industry.
Tho sen should bo free to all mon of
the country lo exploit within the three-
mile limit in tho same way ns it is
freo to every other countryman outside
the threo miles. Although tho government of a country mny be justified in
laying claim to the land with a viow
to cultivating or improving it, the sea
is a finished product of the Creator nnd
should be free for all to tako out of
it what they can.
"Wero things as they should bo in
British Columbin men would havo
taken to fishing long ngo and wc
would have had a much bigger production and cheaper fish. The indications
on this coast nro that there is an
abundance of fiBh close to our port
and in these days of motive power
and first-class preserving appliances
there should be no bar placed in the
way of taking this excellent food out
of tho sen. Let evory mnn who is
prepared to equip himself with the
necessary goar go fishing when and
whero he chooses. The fisherman will
soon discovor what is necessnry to
bring about profitable production and
will develop tho industry.
"The only government restrictions
necessary arc of a scientific naturo to
prevent t tho depletion of spawning
grounds nnd catching fish out of season. These laws should be administered by a fisheries board composed of
practicnl mon of British Columbia. I
would no more think of allowing
Ottawa to run British Columbia fisheries thnn I would n London board-
to administer tho Scottish fisheries.
"Do nwny with concessions or licenses and wo shnll soon havo a development of the industry. Lot tho
city provido a fish market whero the
fisherman can bring his catch to bo
auctioned to the highest bidder. The
consumer will then get all that's in it.
Should some require fish cleaned,
smoked or filleetted, men will be found
to do all this for some additional cost.
Tho auction market is the renl solution. If a fow buyers for syndicates
try to hold up the fisherman ns rofrards
prices, their efforts would be nullified
in an open market."
TRADE UNIONISTS AND
FRIENDS SHOULD COMPLY
Union Oulinarv Workors Aro ARking
for Co-operation of Vancou vcrites
Tho Cooks, Waitera and Waitresses'
union, local No. 28, in publishing the
following Hst of restaurants nnd cafes,
asks tho support of orgnnized Labor
by   patronizing   eating houses where
union help is employed. Tho restaurants giving union conditions, deserve
that support, as they havo to compete
with certain restaurants in this city,
which, by employing cheap labor, eaa
afford to sell cheaper meals, by working their help long hours and seven
days a week on an existing wugo. These
conditions can bo altered, hence we
nsk the moral support of organized
Labor to overcome tho miserable condition prevailing in Vancouvor at present.
A list of fair houses will bo published
in Thc Federationist from timo to time.
Locul 28 has signed agreements with
2(i cafes and hopes within tho next
two weeks to sigu a few moro. Look
for the button.
Tho following list of restaurants display tho union houso card: Dolimonico
cate, 704 liobson street; Orpheum cafe,
7<i2 Granvillo stroet; Good Euts cafe,
110 Cordova streot west; Martin's
Lunch, (i(i0 Cordova street west; Busy-
Bee cafe, 83 Cordova street west; Empire cafe, 70 Hastingst streot east; English Kitchen, 30 Hastings street cast;
Dominion cafe, 7.'t0 Main street; City
Chop Houso, 225 Hastings stroet cast;
National cafe, 714 Pendor street west;
Post Office cafe, 724 Hastings streot
west; Bee-Hivo cafe, 321 Granville
street; Klondike cafe, 218 Carrall
street; Victoria Chop House, 300 Main
streot; Creamery cafe, 301 Main street;
Star Oyster cafe, 27 Hastings street
cust; Only Chop House, 20 Hastings
east; Vancouver enfo, 400 block Main
street; London Chop House, 000-block
Pendor streot wost; B. C. Oyster and
Chop House, 534 Pendor street west:
Bridge cafe, 2220 Cambie streot.
Restaurants employing union help it
dining-room only: Bergman's cafe, 320
Abbott street; Allen's cafe, 2S> Hastings street  west;  London  Grill,  752
Robson stroet; Acme cafe, 1110 Granvillo stroet.
Blue Serge
Suits
Yes, wc have them; made
from first-class materials,
whicli hold their shape and
color.
Call and See Them
$25.00
and up
—SHOP OF—
"tfaaljiim-airaff
Thos. Foster & Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
Vou Always Gain bp Looking for the
CARHARTT SIGN
When Buying Your Overalls and Gloves
These people have gained even more than the best quality.
They got a pair of OARHABTT OVERALLS TREE.
Zou gain money every time you insist on this sign—
MR. W. E. MOORE,
2209   Cnmbio   St.,
Vancouvor, B. C.
MR. ROBERT DINGLE,
505 Fifth Kt..
New Westminster, B. C.
MR. DICK  XESBITT,
027 AgllM !}t.,
New   Westminster,   B.  C.
MR.   ALBERT   MARK,
707 Agnoe St.,
New Westminster, B, C.
MR. JACK WARD,
Sterling Hotel.
New Westminster, B,  O.
MR. FRED COCKERILL,
7:ttl  Lollsilul*,
North Vancouver, B. c.
MR. WILLIE WATTS.
112 Eighth St.,
North Vnncouver, B. 0.
MR. EDDIE CONDON,
lent. Triumph St.,
Vancouver,   B.  O.
MR. HOLDER  SANSTROM.
2147 Triumph St.,
Vanconver, R. C.
MR. S. D. ANDERTON,
255:1 Oxford St..
Vancouver, B. C.
MR. GILBERT ALLEN,
1458 Sixth Ave. West,
Vanconver,  B, C.
MR. EDWARD LIPWITH,
1.190 Granvillo St., Suite 31S,
Vancouver, B. C.
MB. A.  MAINPRISE,
Sltll Granvillo St.,
Vancouver, B, C.
MR. G. W. EVANS,
e|o Bank of Montreal,
Vancouver, B. C.
MR.  0.   E.  HOWARD,
229 29th St. East,
North Vancouver, B, C.
Just the thing
in men's and young
men's suits
Some of the latest ideas in Men's Clothing Service
just received.
Wonderful values in the new Spring Season Goods.
You never saw snappier Suits —Suits with more
real quality.
There's a Suit here that will give any man a smart
appearance.
Bought direct by Mr. Dick while in the East.  Sold
to you right here at
$20 $25 $30
With our guarantee—"Your money's worth or your
money back"
(im/ktt
The Home or Good Clothes
35**p4?-49 HajtihqSs St Eajt.
33 and 4749 HASTINGS EAST
C\
&

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