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The story of the years : a history of the Woman's Missionary Society of the Methodist Church, Canada,… Platt, Harriet Louise 1908

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  THE LIBRARY
THE UNIVERSITY OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA   THE STORY
OF THE YEARS
A History of the Womb's Missionary
Society of the Methodist Church,
Canada,   1881-1906
VOL. I.—CANADA
SECOND EDITION
BY
HARRIET LOUISE PLATT
WOMAN'S MISSIONARY  SOCIETY
METHODIST CHURCH, CANADA
WESLEY BUILDINGS
TORONTO
\ Copyright. Canada. 1908, by
ANNIE L. OGDEN PREFACE
rO save from oblivion the record of brave
deeds and patient endurance, is to furnish our Church with an added motive
for earnest, aggressive work in the future;
hence, it is our hope and prayer that the story
of our twenty-five yeajrs may stimulate to loving, sympathetic service, not only our present
Woman's Missionary Society membership,
but a much wider circle of Christian women.
The letters of our missionaries published
in the Outlook since 1881, and the official
reports from the Fields found in the Annual
Reports of the same period, have all been
carefully searched for material, and these
furnish the data for our History.
We turn away from the study of each field
and station with the conviction that here at
least is pressing need,'and here are the results
and encouragements that prove the Divine
leading. Here, too, it is our privilege to
build, loving, serving and enduring, " as seeing Him who is invisible."
H. L. P.  INTRODUCTION
IF a combined history of the Women's
Missionary Societies of all the Churches
throughout the world were written, it
would be found to contain, not merely an
epitome of effort made, and work accomplished by a department of the Church, but
a revelation of the new life, the expanding
vision that came to Christian womanhood
during the latter decades of the nineteenth
century.
Since the organization of the first -Society
in America, in 18'61, which was quickly followed by many others, the women of Christendom have come into great possessions.
Their ideals have changed; individual
responsibility for the betterment of the world,
both at home and abroad, has been borne in
upon them, and the growing power of being
able to bring things to pass, of planning and
of being responsible for the carrying of such
plans to successful completion, has given to
them an added dignity, a new courage, a more
intelligent devotion, and a deeper spiritual
life.
The women of the Orient are also entering
into their inheritance. To be convinced of Introduction
this we need only contrast the trembling uncertainty with which the first lady missionaries were sent out, with the assured welcome
now awaiting them in almost every quarter
of the globe; to this may be added the very
nearly universal demand for female education. Happy we of the Occident who have
the privilege of directing, in a measure, this
new life along channels which have brought
us in touch with the highest, in touch with
the Christ. They, too, are inheritors of
" like precious faith," and must reach it
through knowledge of Him as we have done.
" Who knoweth whether thou art come to
the kingdom for such a time as this."
When the first missionaries went to foreign
lands there was no place for the unmarried
lady worker. A few devoted wives accompanied their husbands and shared with them
untold hardships and privations, often in
peril of their lives, and often obliged to flee
with their little ones from wicked men.
Among the most glorious annals of our
race are those that record the undying devotion, the triumphant faith—no less conspicuous in women than in men—of the early
messengers of the Cross.
At that time it would have been out of the
question for women to have lived alone or
in community life as they are now doing
with perfect safety, to have gathered young
girls about them in schools and colleges, or
6 Introduction
to have ministered to the sick and destitute
in orphanages and hospitals. But all this
has been changed. The miracles of the past
fifty years wrought through the acts of nineteenth century apostles have made possible
the great work to which the women of our
generation are called, " the evangelization of
non-Christian women and children."
The Methodist women of Canada were
very conservative and slow to follow the
example set by the women of the sister
Church in the United #States, who sent out
their first missionary in 1869. That Society
has the honor of sending the first •medical
woman to India and the first to China.
However, in November, 1881, a Society
was organized embracing the whole Dominion
of Canada, including Bermuda and Newfoundland.
The Society and the Church at large are
greatly indebted to Mrs. G. D. Piatt, President of the Bay of Quinte Branch, for having written, by special request, the following
history.
That Mrs. Piatt, with her well-known
literary ability, has given us an interesting
story all will admit, and those of us who
have had knowledge of the years testify that
it is an accurate and trustworthy record. It
not only makes us acquainted with the beginning of our work in- different countries and
stations, but it brings us more closely into Introduction
fellowship with those missionaries, with
whom we have been associated, who have gone
out from our homes and who have left an
impress for good wherever they have been
located. All through we are conscious of the
divine forces which shall yet bring heaven
to earth and shall make it the paradise God
intended it should be.
The book only purports to be a short history of twenty-five years, from 1881 to 1906,
and much interesting matter has of necessity been omitted, but this only makes it the
more valuable as a text-book, which it is
designed to be. A text-book is only a background to be worked up, to be filled in, so
we trust that this picture-story of work
accomplished will be illumined by many
side-lights to be found in the Outlooks and
Monthly Letters of past years, as well as in
the monthly magazines and daily press,
which devote much space, not only to manners and customs, but to things political and
religious in foreign lands.
We commend its study to every Auxiliary,
Circle and Band. We trust it will be found
in every home throughout our Methodism.
" Knowledge is power." Knowledge is
inspiration; it begetteth interest—it beget-
teth love—and " Love is of God."
Elizabeth W. Ross,
President of Board of Managers. CONTENTS
SAPTE
B
Introduction        ....
PAGE
6
Early Days
I.
How the Call Came     .
13
II.
How the Work Grew at Home .
Indian Work
20
in.
Crosby Girls' Home    .        .        .
31
IV.
McDougall Orphanage .
48
v.
Coqualeetza Institute   .
55
VI.
Girls' Home at Kitamaat, B.C. .
65
VII.
Hospital Work     ....
78
French Work
VIII. French Work  83
IX. French Methodist Institute .        . 86
X. Mission Schools  93
XI. Protestant Home for Prench Children 96
XII. Methodist Orphanage, St. John's, Newfoundland  99
9 Contents
The Strangers
CHAPTER PAGE
XIII. Chinese Rescue Home at Victoria,
B.C 103
XIV. All People's Mission, Winnipeg.       . 117
XV. Galician Mission       .       .       .       .122
XVI. Italian Mission 127
Miscellaneous
XVII. Our Methods and Helps   .       .       .131
XVIII. In the Early Days and the Latter   . 145
XIX. W*Hmi We Delight to Honor   .       . 147
Officiary 152
10 EARLY DAYS
How the Call Came
How the Work Grew
at Home  CHAPTER I.
HOW THE CALL CAME.
IT IS RECORDED of our sisters of the
Methodist Episcopal Church in the
United States, that after the Civil War,
when the women were organized for relief
work among the wounded soldiers, it was
believed that the time was ripe for the organization of a Woman's Missionary Society,
The venture was made, and how gloriously
it succeeded the whole Christian world
knows.
No such baptism of blood prepared the Th M
women of  Canadian Methodism  for their Called,
work, but simply the call of duty, or, as we
prefer to say, the call of the Master saying
to us, " Go, work to-day in my vineyard, and i
whatsoever is right I will pay you." The
I whatsoever is right " has proved to be generous wages, enriching the home Church and
each individual worker.
If we trace this river of influence to its
source, it leads directly to the General Missionary Society—its General Secretary, Rev.
Dr. Sutherland—proving that the Church has
need of us, and that in the divine plan there
is a place for woman's work.
13 Early Days
The Church
Called.
The
Beginning.
First Appro*
priation.
From Mrs. E. S. Strachan's " Early days
of the Woman's Missionary Society" we
quote the following.
" Urgent requests for women workers from
the missionaries in Japan, and appeals for
the support of Homes for Indian girls
beyond what the Mission Board of the
Church was able to spare, led the General
Conference of 1878 to authorize Rev. Dr.
Sutherland to organize, when feasible, a
Woman's Missionary Society, such as in the
Episcopal Methodist Church of the United
States, and in the Presbyterian Church of
Canada, has accomplished such valuable
results. |
" On June 7th, 1880, during the Annual
Conference in Hamilton, Dr. Sutherland
addressed a company of ladies in Centenary
Church parlor, setting forth the need, and
urging the formation of such a society. A
committee of ten ladies was appointed to
draft a constitution and by-laws, after correspondence with the Woman's Foreign Missionary Societies in the United States.
These were submitted to a meeting to which
the ladies of all the city Methodist churches
were invited, and an auxiliary was formed,
June 23rd, in this church.
" Through the Fall and Winter, meetings
were held in private homes, in the Wesleyan
Ladies' College, and in Centenary, King
and Wesley Churches.   Interest grew stead-
14 How the Call Came
ily and rapidly. Two hundred dollars and
twenty-five cents raised during the first year
were devoted to the support of the Indian
Girls' Home at Port Simpson, B.C., special
interest being felt in this work because of its
relation to one who had formerly been a
teacher in Hamilton Ladies' College, Mrs.
Thomas Crosby."
All who are interested in our Society will The Voice
be grateful for this brief account of its origin that Called,
and beginning, as told by Mrs* Strachan. But
how did it come to pass that the call was
heard by all the churches, and that the response was so general? Again we, answer,
through the efforts of our General Secretary,
Dr. Sutherland. Most of us can remember
very distinctly his appeals with voice and
pen, pressing upon the women of the Church
the claims of Missions; and surely it is worth
while having lived, to set in motion influences
that have revolutionized the thought and purposes of our Methodist women, that have
proved such a blessing to them, and through
them to thousands of women and children in
heathen lands.
In January, 1881, The Missionary Outlook began its career, the first number appealing strongly for the formation of women's
societies, as the following extracts will
show:
" For some time past the conviction has
15 Early Days
been gaining ground among many friends of
the mission cause that great good would result from the organization of a Woman's
Missionary Society in connection with our
Church. The subject was introduced at the
last General Conference, but it was thought
the time was riot yet, and the matter was
referred to the Central Board. At the last
meeting of the latter body the question came
up, and the secretary was directed to bring
it before the Church by circular or otherwise.
To attempt the organization of a General Connexional Society at the present juncture would be premature, but the organization of Branch societies might be begun immediately, and in course of time these could
be consolidated, should circumstances point
that way. The circumstances which eaU for
the formation of such societies may be briefly
stated:
1st. The missionary work of the
Church has advanced beyond the power
of the existing Society to keep pace with
it.
2nd. There are certain departments
of work, such as the employment and
support of lady teachers for mission
schools, the support of benevolent institutions, like the " McDougall Orphanage " and the " Crosby Home," which
might appropriately be undertaken by
16 How the Call Came
the women of our churches, thus relieving the present Society of part of its
burdens, leaving it free to employ all
its energies and resources in purely
evangelistic work.
" To be of real service it is essential that Conditions
such associations should work in harmony ofOrganiasa-
with the existing Missionary Society, and
should raise funds in such a way as will
not lessen the general income. Conflict of
authority would be disastrous, while merely
to divert funds from one society to another
would be no real gain. It is suggested, therefore, that for the present it would be advisable for any Branch Society that may be
formed to devote its funds to the support of
some existing interest, such as the benevolent institutions above referred to, or our
Indian and French mission schools. When
the Branches become sufficiently numerous
to warrant the organization of a General
Society, the objects of such Society can be
widened, and the funds be more completely
at its own disposal."
In his hints on organization, Dr. Sutherland says:
7 1st. Do not wai4r for some one else
to do something, but go to work and do it.
" 2nd.   Consult your pastor, and ask
him to bring the matter before the ladies
of the congregation.
17
Hints for
Organization. Early Days
" 3rd. Do not wait to do some great
thing, but organize with three members
if you cannot secure more.
" 4th. Arrange for occasional meetings, especially meetings for prayer.
" 5th. If a better way of beginning
does not strike you, give a social, proceeds in behalf of some existing interest,
such as the 1 Crosby Home " or " Mc-
Dougall Orphanage." This will afford
a fine opportunity to talk with other
ladies of the congregation, and get them
interested in the project.
" 6th. Send information to the Editor
of this paper, at the Mission Rooms, of
what has been done in the way of organization, etc., so that the whole Church
may have the benefit of your example.
Who will be the first to respond ?
" A. Sutherland."
We have given place to the above to prove
that the women of the Church did not " run
before they were sent," and that they owe
their existence as a Society, not to their own
desire for prominence, but to the urgent
need of the Church for their co-operation
in the great missionary enterprise.
The General " How the call came " is largely answered
CaUedf ky the fact that from the first issue of the
Missionary Outlook until the present time
generous space has been given to the advocacy
18 How the Work Grew at Home
of woman's work, and the Society is referred
to as supplying the one missing link in the
missionary machinery of the Church. What
the General Society owes to the energy and
devotion of its General Secretary no one can
estimate; without his help and encouragement in the beginning, the Woman's Missionary Society would have found it difficult
to overcome the prejudice and indifference
of the times, if, indeed, it could have lived
at all.
19 F
CHAPTER II.
HOW THE WORK GREW AT HOME.
OLLOWING the organization of the
first society at Hamilton, in June,
1880, new auxiliaries were reported in
the Outlook and Guardian from time to time,
but " it soon became evident that to secure
united action, and the wisest distribution of
funds, some comprehensive scheme would
have to be adopted, embracing a wider organization, thus accomplishing what isolated
auxiliaries would find impossible."
Dominion After much prayer and consultation, a pre-
£Q* " liminary meeting was held in Hamilton on
April 29th, 1881, when Dr. Sutherland and
the city ministers were present. A provisional constitution was submitted, which received their cordial approval. A resolution to
form a Woman's Missionary Society for the
Dominion was moved by Miss M. J. Cartmell
and carried enthusiastically. Dr. Sutherland
having been invited to take the chair, provisional officers were at once appointed, as
follows: Mrs. Alex. Burns, President; Mrs.
Strachan, Cor. Secretary; Mrs. F. W. Wat-
kins, Jr., Treasurer; a Vice-President and
20 How the Work Grew at Home
Manager from each Conference, names being -
suggested by the ministers. At a subsequent
meeting Mrs. J. Campbell was appointed
Recording Secretary. After correspondence
with the ladies in the various Conferences,
who returned encouraging replies, a call was
made for a general meeting for organization.
This took place in the Hamilton Ladies' College on the afternoon of November 8th, 1881,
when the following resolution was adopted
as to objects of support: " Knowing that
we have many steps to take in faith, and
that by acting faith we but honor Him in
whose hands are all these things, and believing we will hereby meet the wishes of the
various auxiliaries whose co-operation we
hope to gain, it is moved that this Society
now decide upon the work it will assume, and
propose to aid:
" 1st. The French mission in Mont- The First
real, provided the society now working " Objects."
there decide to unite with us, the funds
raised by them being kept in their own
hands to appropriate as they may see
fit, we adding to them as it may be in
our power.
"2nd. The Girls' Home, at Port
Simpson, B.C., by JT sum not less than
that sent last year ($200.00).
"3rd. The 'McDougall Orphanage,'
according to sums contributed for that
object.
21 Early^Days
" 4th.   That we engage to support
lady missionary to Japan."
First Life That evening a memorable meeting took
Members. pjace jn Centenary Church, when addresses
were given by Rev. T. Crosby, Mr. John
Macdonald, of Toronto, and Dr. Sutherland.
While the offering was being received, Rev.
Dr. Burns, who presided, suggested that life-
memberships be given, and at once subscribed
$25.00 to place his wife's name first upon
the list. Mr. Macdonald increased his donation of $100.00 to $300.00, constituting his
wife, six daughters, and Mrs. Crosby life-
members. Desiring to have all his family
in this privileged class, Rev. John Douse
immediately added to Mrs. Crosby's name
those of his other daughters, Mrs. Geo.
Brown, Mrs. G. P. McKay, and Mrs. H.
Hough. Mr. Sanford, Mr. Dennis Moore,
and others followed, until at the close of the
meeting it was found that $1,000.00 had
been subscribed, besides $41.43 in the collection. The launching of this special scheme
for putting Christian women in helpful touch
with heathen women and children had met
with Divine approval. Was it any wonder
that our grand old doxology was sung with
unusual fervor, and the benediction rested
that night upon very joyous, thankful
hearts?
22 Ho withe Work Grew at Home
At this point, November, 1881, we have a In Working
thoroughly organized Woman's Board, with Order.
a working force of only four auxiliaries, but
with a sense of the Divine approval and the
cordial endorsation of the authorities of the
Church. What all the preliminary work
leading up .to this consummation must have
meant to a few, we at this distance can only
dimly imagine; and we are indeed thankful
that so many of the promoters of the scheme
have been spared to see and rejoice over the
fruit of their labors.
And now, while our Society is striving to
extend its influence, and gather its first year's
income—for from the first it has been the
rule to see the last dollar safely in the treasury before making any appropriations—let
us examine the records and find out, if we
can, just how the work was accomplished.
A Safe
Financial
Rule.
The enthusiasm generated at that memorable meeting in Hamilton, when a thousand
dollars was subscribed in one evening, did
not spread like wild-fire, but here and there
the thawing-out process began. Our faithful allies, the Outlook and the Guardian,
kept the subject before ^heir readers. The
officers of the Society, aMed by Dr. Sutherland, Mr. Crosby (then in Ontario), the ministers of some of the churches, and other
interested workers, addressed meetings of
ladies,   and   organized   auxiliaries   as   the
The First
Auxiliaries. Early Days
opportunity offered. At the first annual
meeting, in 1882, twenty auxiliaries were
reported. We believe all our readers will be
glad to see that first list of auxiliaries, in
the order in which they were organized:—
Hamilton, in 1880 ; Uxbridge, Goderich,
Montreal (united), in 1881; Toronto, Paris,
Halifax North, Halifax South, Picton, Sim-
coe, Brantford, St. Thomas, Chatham, Lis-
towel, Peterboro', St. Stephen, N.B., Strath-
roy, Burlington, in 1882. Ottawa (united),
in 1882. Toronto Young Ladies' Society
(Sherbourne Street Church), no date, All
honor to the first twenty!
We cannot but note, in passing, the remark
of Rev. J. B. Armstrong, when reporting the
organization of an auxiliary at Uxbridge in
1881.   He says:
Co-opera- "I am fully satisfied that the success of
tion of the the Woman's Missionary Society will largely
Essential. depend upon the co-operation of our ministers. Indeed, I think the success of any
institution of the Church depends upon the
hearty come, and not go, of the ministers."
No one has learned this fact so thoroughly,
to her joy and to her sorrow, as the District
Organizer.
But there were no organizers in the early
days, and no system whereby all the districts and appointments could be reached.
Busy women were not eager to engage in the
work. Indeed, the way was, and still is,
24 How the Work Grew at Home
barred in many places by the prejudice of
Christian women—women who look upon the
work as optional, something they can take
up or let alone. Many of us who now feel
woe is me if I neglect this work were once
conscientiously opposed. We thought there
was work enough at home—that one missionary society was enough, and another would
only detract from its funds; that the new
movement was only a fad and would soon
die a natural death. We sinned through
ignorance, and we have been converted.
At the first annual meeting of the Board,
in 1882, the Committee on Change of Constitution reported the following recommendation : " It is deemed advisable, in the interests of this Society, owing to the widely-
scattered auxiliaries, and the difficulty of
getting a large gathering of representatives,
to divide into Conference Branches/ and
in order to preserve our connexional unity,
a certain number of delegates from each
Branch shall constitute a General Executive
Committee for the Central Board."
After some discussion the report of the
committee was adopted, and as a result of
this decision two Branches, the London Conference and Toronto Conference, were organized almost immediately. At the close of
the Board Meeting the following year, 1883,
the Montreal Conference Branch was formed.
25
Branch
Organization. Early Days -
These were afterwards known as the Western, Central and Eastern Branches.
Nova Scotia Branch was organized in 1884,
and.New Brunswick and Prince Edward
Island Branch in 1885. In 1887 the auxiliaries of the five Branches numbered 134,
with four separate auxiliaries in Newfoundland and Manitoba. The auxiliary membership was 4,086. Mission Bands, 49; members, 1,711.    Income, $14,197.51.
Union. In 1884, following the union of the various
Methodist churches, and acting on the advice
of the General Board of Missions of the
Methodist Church, Canada, a communication
was sent from the Woman's Missionary
Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church
in Canada, organized in 1876, to the
Woman's Missionary Society of the Methodist Church of Canada, asking that a committee be appointed to meet a similar
committee of that Society, with a view to
union for work. The committees met, the
Constitutions were harmonized, Boards amalgamated, rights of life-members preserved
and minor points settled, and the Report presented to and adopted by the uniting Boards
in annual meeting in Kingston in 1885.
From the President's address in that year
we quote an important item: " By the good
Providence of God we meet for the first time
as the representatives of a united Methodism
.26 How the Work Grew at Home
in this country. We welcome among us as
delegates, women who were connected with
what were formerly known as the Methodist
Episcopal, Primitive Methodist, and the
Bible Christian Churches, as well as the
Methodist Church of Canada, all of which
have happily become one." Mrs. ,Levi
Massey had been President of the Society
in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and
Mrs. James K. Gooderham in the Methodist
Church of Canada. The latter was elected
President of the United Society, and Mrs. A.
Carman, wife of the General Superintendent,
Vice-President.
27  INDIAN WORK
Crosby Girls' Home
McDougall Orphanage    //I
Coqualeetza Institute     ly\
Kitamaat Girls' Home   /y^
Hospitals
t/y
29  CHAPTER III.
THE CROSBY GIRLS' HOME.
JN 1882, with an Executive Board, two
Branches, twenty auxiliaries, a plan of
work, a prospective interest in four missions, a missionary under appointment, and
$2,916.78 in the treasury, we find the Home
work sufficiently well organized to turn our
attention to the real work of the Society, the
work on the Fields.
If the missionary impulse had been wanting in the Church, nothing could have been
better adapted to the development of interest
than the reports that came from Port Simpson and Japan.
Charter members will remember the thrill Our First
with which they listened to the story of Mrs. Field.
Crosby's Home for Indian girls at Port Simpson, B.C. From the beginning of their work
among the Indians, the condition of the
young girls, their degradatfogL and danger,
had appealed strongly to Mrs? Crosby; and
when a little outcast came and announced
that she had come to live with her, she was
not turned away. Others came until the
house was full, and for several years these
31 Indian Work
girls were clothed and fed at the missionaries' expense. Better still, Mrs. Crosby
shared with these defenceless ones the
mother-love of her heart, and her own little
children learned to talk Indian before English from their association with these girls
in their home. From one of Mrs. Crosby's
earliest letters we quote the following:
The " The care of these girls has been thrust
Need6^ * uPon us- Before we had any idea of undertaking such work in connection with the
mission, one case after another of urgent
need was pressed upon us. Indeed, the
alternative often was, coming under our roof
or going to ruin; and, alas! to our grief we
found, in the case of two or three girls whom
we co\ild not take in when they applied to
us, ruin speedily followed. There are Indian
villages where scarcely a young woman can
be found, all having left their homes for a
life of dissipation and shame, only to come
back, in nearly every case, to die a wretched,
untimely death among their friends. The
* temptation to this was strong, and we found
it one of the most difficult things we had to
contend with.   The total lack of moral sense,
the utter disregard of all common decency in
the lack of   training of   these young girls, j
aroused our sympathy.
Our First " These girls, who were bartered to cruel,
Home. brutal men for a mere pittance, and whose
lives were thus made infamous, often ap-
32 Crosby Girls' Home
pealed to the missionaries to save them from
such a fate by taking them into their home.
But we felt that we could not well continue
to do this, and as our own family increased
we realized that our house was not the place
for these girls. We could not abandon the
" work, so, after much prayerful consideration,
we decided to build an addition to the Mission House, which would serve as a ' Home'
for the girls and could be under our close
supervision, but entirely separate from our
own family. In August, 1879, the new
building was brought into use, and during the
following winter we had twelve girls. We
could easily gather in more, but have not felt
ourselves in a position to do so hitherto. Of
course, as we undertook this ' Home ' entirely
on our own responsibility, we had to move
very slowly, and incurred no expense that
was not absolutely necessary."
In the new Home, Miss C. S. Knott, now
Mrs. Tate, the teacher in the day-school,
assisted in the work, and it began to assume
the character of a. Refuge or Orphanage.
The first two hundred dollars raised by Hamilton auxiliary in 1880-81 w.as given to the
" Crosby Home." »
In   1882,  while  on   a  visit  to  Ontario, Our First
Mr. Crosby engaged Miss Hendrie, of Brant- Missionary,
ford, as Matron, and that year an appropriation of $500.00 was made by the Woman's * Home."
Indian Work
Board, and Miss Hendrie became an agent
of the Society, the first one to engage in
active work.
In 1883 a new Mission House was built,
largely by Mr. Crosby's own hands, after
which the old one was used entirely for the
girls' " Home."
In 1885 Miss Hendrie was succeeded by
Miss Knight, of Halifax.   Writing in January, 1886, Miss Knight says:
Lto^Jthe "We   have,  at   present   fifteen   in   the
1 Home,' fourteen girls and one little boy.
Seven of the girls are almost young women,
and undertake the housework and cooking
in turns, the younger seven assisting. Each
of the older ones has her own special assistant in the kitchen, of which they take charge,
in turn, for a week at a time. They all
attend school in the morning (the public
school), except the one who is cook for the
time being; and in the afternoon I keep the
older ones at home to sew.
"We do everything by rule. We have
bedroom, dining-room, kitchen and washroom rules, also general rules, or a timetable giving the hour for everything, from
the'rising-bell to bed-time. I found it impossible to get on in any other way.
" If all were young children the work
would be much easier, but these half-grown
girls need the care and protection of the
Home so much, that I would not keep one
34 Crosby Girls' Home
out who is willing to come to us. There is
so much danger and such temptation surrounding   these   girls,   that   scarcely   one
dent.
In 1887 the number of girls in the Home
had increased to twenty, and it was found
that with an undue strain upon her strength
Miss Knight's health was failing, and the
needs of the Home demanded prompt assistance. Provision was made for a second
worker, and from this time two or more
have been engaged in this field.
After the Home became a beneficiary of the First Field
Woman's Missionary Society, Mrs. Crosby Correspon-
took upon herself the task of supplying the
auxiliaries with news of the work, assisted by
the matron in charge. Frequent letters were
received, copies of which were made by Mrs.
Strachan and' forwarded to the auxiliaries,
several of which became responsible for the
support of a girl.
Previous to the organization of our aux- A Sharp
iliaries we knew nothing of the character of C°ntrast«
the work undertaken by Mrs. Crosby, and it
was indeed a revelation that such a state of
things could exist in our own Dominion, and
that one of our own refinecTand cultured
women had been called to spend her life amid
such surroundings. From the atmosphere
of a minister's home, a graduate and teacher
of Hamilton Ladies'  College, Mrs. Crosby
35 Indian Work
had been transferred to a heathen Indian
village, and for many years was the only
white woman in the place. What this life
meant to Mrs. Crosby, and what her beautiful, Spirit-filled life meant to this benighted
people, only the future will reveal. And we
auxiliary members at home gave one dollar
a year in aid of her work, and thought we
were doing nobly! If it were not so sad, it
would be amusing to remember the complacency with which we talked about " our
work," and our girl in the " Crosby Home."
A Progres- The changes which have been wrought at
sive 1 age. ^.g s^aj.£on during the last twenty-five years
can only be appreciated by comparing it with
the heathen villages still to be found in the
interior of the province. "It is the most
important of the Hudson's Bay Company's
trading posts, 600 miles north of Victoria, on
the Tsimpshean Peninsula. It has an excellent harbor, with a wharf a quarter of a mile
long, and a warehouse. The Indians, of
, whom there are some 800, representing eight
or ten tribes, are Methodists. In addition to
a fine church, a mission house, a Boys' Home,
the Crosby Girls' Home, and a hospital, this
village boasts of a fire hall, two stories high,
with a tower; a two-story drill hall, a sash
and door factory, a shingle mill and a turning mill, both worked by water power, and an
excellent brass band."
36 Crosby Girls' Home
Many homes of the village are in keeping
with the public buildings, and, without question, Port -Simpson has developed into the
most advanced Indian village on the Pacific
coast. Always beautiful in situation, on the
very fringe of the continent, with its commanding view of the broad Pacific and the
nearby Alaska Mountains, partial compensation is found for the isolation; especially
since a regular mail service and telegraphic
communication have connected it with the
East.
The influence of the missionaries and of
the Crosby Girls' Home is felt and acknowledged. The transformation is almost entirely
due to Mr. Crosby and the other Christian
workers who have stood as sentinels guarding
the morals of the community during the
transition period.
Life at the Girls' Home is comparatively
uneventful, and the growth is marked, not by
striking changes, but by gradual development,
the result of quiet, steady, unremitting toil.
From the small beginning in Mrs. Crosby's
home to the present well-eqwipped and excellently conducted institution^which serves the
purpose of orphanage and boarding-school,
has been a long and toilsome journey, leading
over many hard places that would have disheartened any but the true missionary.
37 Indian Work
The Pupils. In addition to the orphan girls who still
need the protection and discipline of the
Home, there are others whose parents are
able and willing to pay for their instruction;
and since the erection of the new building,
affording increased accommodation, these
have been admitted. The children come from
many distant points, but most of them from
Port Simpson. The parents promise on placing the children in the Home to supply all
outside clothing as it is needed during their
residence there.   In some cases this has been
Clothing. done. At first there was a good deal of
trouble in getting what was needed, but latterly requirements have been more cheerfully
met. The girls are well provided with
dresses, shawls and handkerchiefs. The
people are better able to provide for their
families than formerly and have an increasing appreciation of the benefit of the Home
training. A number who have no one to provide for them are entirely supported by the
Woman's Missionary Society.
Food. Native food is purchased for the children
of the Home—salmon, sea-weed, small fish
and game. The nature of the soil almost entirely precludes the possibility of gardening,
and the cost of importation makes living very
expensive. The property owned by the Board
consists of the Home and two acres of land,
which is well fenced, but for the most part is
in rough condition.
38 Crosby Girls' Home
The future of the girls is constantly kept
in mind and every effort is made to fortify
them mentally, morally and physically for
the life that awaits them. In addition to
the ordinary English subjects and music, tbe
girls are thoroughly trained in house-work,
sewing, knitting and fancy work. The testimony of a missionary of the Anglican Church
is as follows:
" As I move about among the Indians I
can almost invariably pick out the women
and girls who have been trained in the Home
by their personal appearance and by the
cleanliness of their houses."
The girls cannot speak or understand Eng- 9ccupa'
lish when they enter, and are almost as tlons*
ignorant of housework and sewing; but at the
end of a year can speak English fairly well
and show equal progress along other lines.
They learn to make and keep in repair all
their own garments; and when we realize
that in addition to the making and mending
and school work, most of the manual labor
connected with the house-keeping is performed by the girls, we understand that a
great amount of work is accomplished during
the year.
The discipline is strict ;^exact obedience is Spirit of the
required of every pupil, irrespective of per- " Home-"
sonal inclination;   and to so blend love and
firmness, hard work and recreation, that every
girl will voluntarily choose the discipline and
39 <?
Indian Work
Benevolences.
Spiritual
Progress.
restraint instead of the free idle life, proves
the genius of the successful teacher.
The aim is to make the Home an example
to the girls of what a well-ordered Christian
home ought to be, and to give such religious,
mental and industrial training as will fit
them to make good homes for themselves when
they grow to womanhood.
During recreation hours the girls are
taught many kinds of fancy work, and from
its sale each year about fifty dollars is received, which is donated to the hospital or
used for necessary furnishing of the Home.
The girls are always glad to have it applied
to some benevolent object. An annual exhibition of their work, including bread, buns,
cake, sewing, knitting and fancy work, always
receives the most hearty commendation from
white people and Indians. The articles are
ticketed and orders taken, everything made
by the girls finding ready sale; and this is
such a stimulus to their industry that little
difliculty is found in keeping them busy and
happy.
" The thought of their spiritual needs,"
writes Miss Clarke, " must always take first
place. We realize that failure to lead our
girls- into a true Christian life means failure
in all we value most." They have regular
religious services and receive careful instruction in Bible history and doctrines, and in
catechism every day.   As a result improve-
40 Crosby Girls' Home
ment is seen in deportment, obedience and
truthfulness. " We see many evidences of
victory over sin and self where no words are
spoken to proclaim the fact. Still, all has
not been victory^ and our girls have had
need to be sorry more times than we could
wish. Notwithstanding many hindrances,
much satisfaction and pleasure are found in
the work, and we are agreed in thinking that
our Indian girls are very nice girls indeed,
and our home life is a very happy one."
As the numbers increased, the need of a Indian
new building was greatly felt at Port Simp- ?j|?«l
son, and in 1889 an appropriation was made
by the Woman's Missionary Society for that
purpose, the new Home to be erected after
conferring with Mr. Crosby and the British
Columbia Conference as to the best location.
After some delay, Port Simpson was decided
upon, and a site was purchased just outside
the Tsimpshean Reserve and a clear title
secured. During 1891-92 the Home was
built, to accommodate forty-five or fifty
pupils, and in May, 1892, three teachers and
twenty-nine girls took possession of the comfortable and commodious building. Many
more girls applied for admission, but it was
not thought best to admit too many new ones
at one time.
School was Opened in the new Home, and
the course of stripy prescribed for the schools
41 Indian  Work
of the Province has been taught, with written
examinations for promotion- Previously the
girls had attended the village school. Judging by the results, the Indian girls seem to be
quite equal to white girls in mental capacity,
but in physical endurance they are weak.
Any estimate of the teachers' work in an
Indian Home that does not leave a broad margin of time and strength for the care of sick
A Doctor     pupils is, in nine cases out of ten, altogether
Needed.        inadequate to the demand.     In so large a
household, cases of sickness are always to be
counted on, with seasons of anxious watching; but among the Indian children, with
their weak constitutions and scrofulous tendencies, epidemics of influenza, ineasles and
other diseases, with their attendant complications,  are  always  serious  and often fatal.
Almost every year a long battle with one or
more of these diseases is recorded.
Relief. For many years no physician or trained
nurse shared the responsibility of the teachers
at Port Simpson, but in 1889 God sent a
medical missionary.   No one who knows the
\ need that had existed, the prayers that had
been offered, and the spirit of the man sent,
can doubt that God sent him. We need not
try to imagine the sense of relief and security
that Dr. Bolton's coming must have brought
to our missionaries, until we have served a
term of ^.ve or six years in an isolated mission station, out of reach of medical help or
42
**  f Crosby Girls' Home
experienced nursing. Referring to the critical illness of a fellow teacher, after Dr.
Bolton's arrival, Miss Clarke says, " For days
the presence of doctor and nurse stood to us
for the hope of life."
During their residence of thirteen years
in Port Simpson, Dr. and Mrs. Bolton were
unfailing in their sympathy and helpfulness
to our workers, and to the girls of the Home.
From the opening of the hospital and the furnishing of a nurse by our Board in 1892, we
have had the privilege of sharing in the medical work.
Only the usual changes have marked the
passing of the years; changes in the staff of
teachers as some have retired and others
have taken their places. With less than four
teachers satisfactory work cannot be done in
the various departments, and even a fifth
could be profitably employed if part of her
time could be spared for deaconess work
among the women of the village.
In 1902 Miss Lavinia Clarke, so well be- Miss
loved at Chilliwack and Port Simpson, com- Clarke3
pleted her term at the Crosby Home and left
in impaired health, never to return. " Five
years at Chilliwack arlu six and one-half
years at Port Simpson, full of loving service , have left their impression on many
Indian boys and girls, for whom she labored
43 Indian Work
with unstinted energy and well-considered
methods. In October, 1905, she was released from suffering and weakness, and
joined the ranks of the. triumphant ones."
Her last message, written a couple of months
before her death, closed with this assurance,
" I feel daily, hourly, that I am in the very
presence of the Eternal in whom I can trust
and rest absolutely."
Each year a number of girls reach the
completion of their term of years and are
discharged, according to contract. Others
take their places, and in this way there are
always new girls in training. Of the children
of former pupils, Miss Paul says, " They
are fine children, and prove that the traiding is telling on the second generation."
A number of weddings have taken place
from the Home, and the career of the married girls is watched with interest and
pride. One peculiarity of the Indian marriage customs is that the bridegroom provides the outfit for the bride, and the entire
feast for the guests. The grandeur of the
occasion depends on his standing in the
tribe.
In 1903 we find in the Report: " Attendance most regular in the history of the
school. The hospital room in the Home was
furnished by the proceeds of sale of fancy
44 Crosby Girls' Home
work done by the pupils during recreation
hours."
1904. " Highest attendance in the history
of the Home, 46. This year is characterized by progress and by character building.
Purchased thirty white bed-spreads with proceeds of fancy work sale. All of the larger
girls can make good bread and buns."
1905. " Many of the girls have decided
for Christ. We are praying for eight or ten
of the larger ones that they may become
Christians before leaving the home. Very
great temptations await them. Seven of our
girls took communion for the first time."
Three teach in Sunday School.
From the organization of our Woman's A Difficult
Missionary Society to the present time, P081*00*
| The Crosby Girls' Home " has been kept
very close to the hearts of our auxiliary
members, and this fact, quite as much as the
material help given, has made possible the
difficult work of our missionaries at that
station. A Mission School is more than a
home, and more than a school, for it is both
home and school combined, and so each guardian of our Indian girls must be more than
the careful, loving mother, and more than
the faithful, capable teacher; she must combine the qualifications of both mother and
teacher.
Think of it, house-keepers, you who say Some
a woman's work is never done, what if your i5Con?ens
45 Indian Work
Musical
Attainments.
household consisted of forty-five Indian girls,
for whose physical, mental, and spiritual
well-being you were entirely responsible, and
out of which raw material you were expected
to develop well-educated Christian women,
capable of doing well all the work of the
home, including the cooking, baking, laundry
work, dress-making, mending, knitting, etc. ?
This is what the Crosby Girls' Home has
been doing for twenty-five years.
Such a " Home" for the protection and
training of Indian girls is still a necessity,
and many of the Indians prove their appreciation of this fact by leaving their daughters
with the missionaries until they are married.
It speaks well for both teachers and pupils
that these girls choose the discipline and
constant occupation of the school life rather
than the freer life of their own homes.
After the official visit in 1905, both Mrs.
Ross and Mrs. Strachan expressed • astonishment at the musical ability of the girls at
Port Simpson. The former said that under
the leadership of Mrs. Grenfell, the pastor's
wife, she heard them render a difficult anthem
in a manner she had seldom heard excelled
by any choir. From the proceeds of a concert and by private subscription they were
able to purchase for the Home a fine organ,
which had been greatly needed. One of the
girls is organist at the church and another
for the Mission Band.
46 Crosby Girls' Home
Another visitor at the Home last year said:
" Too much cannot be said of the splendid
work carried on by the Woman's Missionary
Society in the Crosby Girls' Home; and so
smoothly is the machinery kept running that
one would never suppose there were forty-five
girls under the roof. The teaching and moral
training are carried on each day faithfully
and persistently, by precept and example."
In October, 1906, the girls from the Home prf^es
exhibited bread, buns, cake, darning, button- Won.
holes, lace work, crochet work, and dresses,
besides writing and drawing, at the Port
Simpson exhibition. They received both
prizes on bread. In nearly every class they
won a first or second prize.
Every effort is made to keep in helpful
touch with the former pupils, who are re-
, garded as the daughters of the Home.   Miss
Paul says in a recent letter:
" The married daughters are doing well "Daughters
and trying to take good care of +heir bomes of the
and children,"   Frequently the report cuncs. Home"
the girls are trying to he good, and improvement is manifest from year to year.    At the
present  time  the  Work  is  shared  by four
missionary teachers.    0»ly the love of the
Good Shepherd could inCRice our Canadian
girls to devote themselves to the Indian work,
and great must be their reward.   The government grant to the Crosby Girls' Home last
year was $2,090.00.
47 P'
CHAPTER IV.
MoDOTFGALL ORPHANAGE.
PREVIOUS to the organization of the
Woman's   Missionary   Society,   the
establishing   of   an   Orphanage   at
Morley, Alberta, for Indian boys and girls
had been under consideration.
The conditions that prevail everywhere
among pagan Indians, the need of teaching
and protecting the young, had led that
noble pioneer of the West, the Rev. George
McDougall, and his no less noble, capable
and devoted wife, in association with their
son,, the Rev. John McDougall, to begin the
work on a small scale, unaided at first. In
this work we were asked to take a share, a-ul
during the early years, from 1882 to 1887,
an annual grant of from $200.00 to $700.00
was made by our Woman's Board. In addition to this, many bales of goods were sent
from the auxiliaries.
A Memorial. In September, 1883, real work began at
the Orphanage. A grant of nearly twelve
hundred acres of land on the Bow River was
secured from the Government, and here an
Orphanage and Training School in memory
48
T» McDougall Orphanage
of the late Rev. George McDougall was
built, capable of accommodating from thirty
to forty children. Numbers applied* for admission, but on account of the matron, Miss
Barker, being alone, and because of limited
means, only fifteen were received during the
first year. The boys wera employed in the
garden, and in the cutting of wood, hauling
of water, care of the stock, and in the improvement of the property belonging to the
Institution. The girls were trained in all
household duties, and the results were so
good that they were able to carry off first
and second prizes at the Calgary Agricultural Fair. Both boys and girls were engaged in school work in the afternoon and
evening, and made fair progress in all departments.
In one of Mr. McDougall's letters he says:
" During the year our children have
moved forward in Christianity, civilization,
and education. Their progress has exceeded
our fondest hopes, and as a li^e-long worker
in this line, I feel that nothing in my experience thus far has paid nearly so well as
our i Home.' "
Early   in   the   history of   the   work   at Special
Morley,  Mr.  Youmans,-then in charge  of Appeals.
McDougall Orphanage, visited Ontario and
appealed to some of the auxiliaries for help
in the purchase of cows for the Institution.
49 Indian Work
Interest in the live-stock question was not
sufficient to ensure generous response, though
some invested a few dollars in the enterprise. Since then it has been enacted that
no special appeal of this kind shall be made
to auxiliaries, but that all contributions shall
go through the regular channel. A resolution passed at the sixth annual meeting
states that " any missionary wishing aid
from our Society for his work is requested
to communicate with the Cor. Secretary, Mrs.
Strachan, and not with the separate auxiliaries and bands, as has frequently been
done in the past."
From the President's address at the Board
meeting in 1885 we take the following:
Our " The value of our missions in the North-
T^fJ18 west, in a national as well as in a religious
sense, has been strikingly illustrated during
the unfortunate insurrection which took
place a few months ago in that part of the
Dominion. The fact that not one of the
Indians who were under the teaching of our
missionaries took part in that uprising, or
manifested any hostility to the Government,
must intensify our interest in this part of our
work ; and the assistance which the Rev.
John McDougall rendered the Government
in its efforts to restore peace, will, no doubt,
cause us to take a deeper interest than ever
in the work in which he is engaged.    In
50
Loyal. McDougall Orphanage
caring for the destitute Indian children of
this l Great Lone Land,' he deserves to be
remembered in our prayers, as well as helped
by our liberal contributions."
This Institution, although belonging to
the General Missionary Society and receiving aid from the Government, continues to
look to the Woman's Society for occasional
assistance. The new building erected by the
Government in 1890 was partially furnished
by our Board, an appropriation of $1,200.00
having been made for that purpose. In
1899 a grant of $300.00 was made for refurnishing.
The latest reports received show no change Unaccus-
in the methods employed, the time being *?med.
fully occupied in the school and industrial
training. The best results are achieved with
children who enter before they are ten years
old. They sooner become reconciled to the
restraints necessary to school life. Naturally " they find a great change from the
wild, free camp life, where cleanliness is not
thought of, where clothing in summer is
superfluous, and rags are no disgrace, where
economy is stinginess and feasting and fasting are the regular occurrences of life.
Abundance prevails for a few days after the
weekly ration is given out, and this is followed by destitution and want. It is surprising to see how quickly the pinched features grow plump from regular habits of
51 Indian  Work
cleanliness, good food, sleep, exercise, study,
and proper clothing. The expression changes
so much that one can hardly believe the
frank, open countenance of a child after a
few months' residence in the Orphanage to
be the face of the fearful, castdown,
neglected child whom we cleaned up and installed in a place among us so short a time
ago. Average attendance at the school is 40.
The boys are taught that outside labor is
men's work, and that the men should allow
the women to have their time to thoroughly
attend to household affairs.
" The girls get a practical knowledge of
all kinds of housework, including the care of
milk and the making of good butter, something not generally understood by the
Indians. Religious instruction regularly
given. Few white children prepare the
Sunday School lessons as thoroughly. They
recite nearly every verse contained in the
International Sunday School Lessons."
In 1899 a request for the appointment of
a trained nurse in case of a cottage hospital
being established by the Government received the favorable consideration of the
Board, and has at last been complied with.
Since 1904 Miss Buehler, of Berlin, Ont.,
has been doing deaconess work among the
53 McDougall Orphanage
Indian women of that region.   A letter from
Miss Buehler will introduce us to her work:
" During the winter and early spring, The
when most of the Indians are on the Re- «-sltmg
serve, our mothers' meetings were very well
attended, usually numbering fifty. The
women were very diligent over their quilt-
making, and as I visit their homes I can
see how much they value the quilts which
they make themselves. In the daytime they
are folded and laid away very carefully.
Sometimes it has been very difficult to find
pieces for patch-work, as they had never
learned to save odds and ends. We hope
they will mend their ways in this respect.
We are teaching them to. make rugs for their
floors out of the scraps left from the patchwork.
" We have finished forty quilts, and nearly
as many more are under way. Our cooking
class is held each alternate week. The
mothers' meetings are held in the church,
the cooking class at the different homes. I
furnish the dishes, white, oilcloth and cooking utensils, and give them the privilege of
providing as much as possible of the provisions required. I have begun at the best
places, where they milk cows, make butter,
keep hens, grow potatoes, make bread, etc.
Now I have these examples for others who
are not so thrifty. We already see results;
some of the women  are  anxious  to  have
53 Indian Work
tables, pretty dishes, make cakes and puddings.
" There are some very sick children on
the Reserve. In one home is a girl of
twelve who has been afflicted with scrofula
for four years, and now she has lost her eyesight and the use of one hand. Her brother
is dying of consumption and is glad he is
going to die. He loves to sing " Jesus loves
me," and when we pray with him will follow
in repeating the Lord's Prayer. In the same
home is a blind grandfather. I have been
visiting and helping them as much as possible."
An As   indicated   above,   Miss   Buehler   is
Honorary appointed by our Board, but recently has
expressed a desire to continue this Christlike mission without salary, beyond the maintenance of her horse.
54 CHAPTER V.
COQUALEETZA INSTITUTE.
Boarding
School
Necessary.
THE   self-sacrifice   of   Mr.   and   Mrs.
Crosby at Port Simpson, in opening
"   their own home for the shelter and
education  of  Indian  children,   was   reproduced at Chilliwack, B.C., by Mr. and Mrs.
Tate.
Finding the day school unsatisfactory, because of the nomadic habits of the Indians
(which resulted in the school being alternately full and empty, without notice given),
they determined to use a portion of the mission house for a boarding-school. A partition
was removed, and the room thus enlarged
became school-room, dining-room and workroom, while at night it served as sleeping-
room for the boysv Here were kept eight
children at their own expense until the Board
meeting of the Woman's Missionary Society
in 1887, when a grant of $400.00 was made
to assist in the work. A teacher was employed, and the number of pupils increased
to fifteen.
At the Board meeting in 1888 the request The First
for a school building was favorably received, Building.
55 Indian Work
and a grant of $2,000.00 was made for building purposes. A new building, erected at iafi
cost of $3,500.00, was completed in November, 1889. In 1890" there were twenty-eight
children in attendance, with two teachers;
and another appeal to the Board resulted in
Miss Lavinia Clarke being secured as matron.
With this added assistance every department
of the work was reduced to system, and the
pupils continued to increase.
An appeal to the Government .for one
thousand dollars' worth of furniture was
readily granted, and a per capita grant of
$130.00 for ten pupils was also given. This
annual Government grant of $1,300.00 made
the maintenance of the school comparatively
easy for our Board.
Fire. In 1891 the school was filled to its utmost
capacity, and it was felt to be necessary
either to enlarge or to erect a separate building for the boys. The latter course was
considered best. A piece of land was purchased, and an appeal was, made to the
General Board for a grant to erect a building.
Mr. Tate personally applied to the Board,
but had to return without having accomplished his mission, as the money could not
be spared. Before he reached home, however, the way was opened for another
building, for on the 30th of November, 1891,
the " Coqualeetza Home " was destroyed by
fire through the upsetting of a lamp.    The
56 Coqualeetza Institute
building   and   furniture   were   insured   for
$4,000.00.
When Mr. Tate reached home he found fm^gency
some twenty children, with the three teachers,
ensconced in the mission house, while an
equal number of children had been sent to
their homes. A subscription was opened and
funds secured, with which a temporary building was erected, where the children were kept
and taught during the day, but they all ate
and slept at the Mission House. This building cost $500.00 and was in use for two
years.
Negotiations between the two Boards re- Second
suited in the erection of the present " Co- BuildmS-
qualeetza Institute " for boys and girls, the
Woman's Missionary Society contributing towards it $11,794.00, and by mutual consent
the management passed into the hands of the
General Society; the former to pay a per
capita grant according to the number of girls
in the Institute.
The Dominion Government also rendered Co-opera-
assistance.   By the end of March, 1894, the tion-
new building was completed and opened with
appropriate ceremonies, the Superintendent
of Indian Affairs for the Province taking
part.
At the close of 1894 seventy-three pupils The Staff,
were in residence, with a prospect of more
being admitted.    The staff was increased to
six,  consisting of moral governor, teacher,
57 Indian Work
Public
School
Course.
Progress
of Pupils.
Becoming
Useful
Citizens.
matron, assistant matron, sewing teacher, and
farm and trades instructor.
In 1895 satisfactory progress in studies
and industrial pursuits was reported, and
the hearts of the teachers were specially
cheered by a number of conversions.
The full course of study taught in the
public schools of the Province is also taught
at the Institute, and at the examinations for
entrance to the High School the Indian
children have sometimes received the highest
number of marks given.
A few items from some of the annual
statements made to the Board are well worthy
of a careful perusal.
1896. " Ninety-seven pupils enrolled.
Work most encouraging. A girl anxious to
become a mission teacher. A boy of nineteen, who two years ago began at the rudiments, now taking subjects required by a
High School examination. He did some
street preaching during the fishing season.
Three girls are able to play accompaniments
on the organ in public. At the children's
missionary meeting their contributions were
$25.40."
1897. " One hundred and ten pupils in
attendance. Visitors are surprised to find
the children speaking English fluently, as in
many Indian schools one of the hardest
things the teachers have to contend with is
58 Coqualeetza Institute
the persistence of the children in using their
own language. Three of the girls who received their training at the Institute are
doing well in domestic service. Great demand for the services of the boys by adjacent
farmers. The boys are taught farming, care
of stock, shoe-making, baking, cooking, gardening, and keeping their own rooms clean.
Four boys make and repair all the shoes,
besides doing some custom work for the
people outside. Girls are taught gardening,
cooking, sewing, housework, with the laundry
work and soap-making. In the sewing-room
all the girls' clothing is made, and most of
the boys', and all clothing repaired- Clothes
well made and neatly mended. It is intended
to extend the dressmaking department by taking orders for work."
1898. One hundred and twenty dollars
earned in the dressmaking department.
" No longer does the Institute make a heavy
financial claim upon the Society, and we
rejoice in its increasing prosperity. It is a
busy family, both in the house and out in
the fields, in the laundry and in the shoe-
shop, in the dairy and at the carpenter's
bench. Healthy, intelligent, useful, Christian citizenship is the aim of the earnest
teachers in charge. Christianity and education are lifting them out of the old ways of
indolence.
59 Indian Work
A Creditable
Exhibit.
"Additional room is needed to accommodate 130 children. Coqualeetza Institute
was awarded the first prize for best exhibit of
the industrial schools of the Province, out of
a number of competitors. Each department
was represented in the exhibit. The farm,
by grain, vegetables and roots. The shoe
shop, by ten pairs of well-made shoes. The
kitchen, by canned fruit, pickles, bread, butter, cake and biscuits. The dressmaking, by
a dress and coat, plain sewings knitting, darning, etc. From the laundry, soap and starch.
From the school-room, writing and drawing.
The drawing and copy-books are models of
neatness. From the kindergarten, a collection of weaving, sewing and folding.
" The Band, composed of nineteen of the
boys, is progressing. They are paid for
playing at entertainments and garden parties.
" The daily routine was broken in upon
by measles of a very severe type. About
fifty of the children were down with it.
From twenty to thirty in bed at once. The
complications of bronchitis, croup and pneumonia were serious."
1899. " One hundred and twenty-nine
pupils in this, the finest Institute for Indians in British Columbia. This year has
been one of anxiety and trial, owing to almost
constant sickness. At times we have been
discouraged, but the children have been so
60 Coqualeetza Institute
good, and willing to help in every way to
lighten the burden for us."
1903. " Receipts from Government, farm Growing
and shoe-shop balanced the total expenditure. |elf"
The staff are uniting in trying to keep the
expenditure within the income.
" A' majority of the boys and girls will
have their names on the " Twentieth Century Historic Roll." Those who have money
have gladly helped a number who have none.
Their givings will be about $80.00. The
Mission Band contributed $67.00 additional
to the Woman's Treasury. Frequent relig- Religious
ious exercises keep before the.minds of the Life.
pupils the leading place which divine tilings
should have in life. The day is begun by
prayers in the dormitories on rising; family
prayer in the dining-room before breakfast,
and in the school-room in the evening,
always accompanied with singing and the
reading or recitation of Scripture selections.
Sabbath School on the Lord's Day in the
forenoon, attendance at the Indian church
in the afternoon, and preaching in the Institute in the evening. On Monday mornings
the children meet in classes for special personal religious instruction. On Thursday
evenings the regular weekly prayer-meeting
is held. We teach the catechism in all the
classes at Sabbath School."
The following additional items from the
61 Indian Work
foregoing report seem to us to prove the
productiveness of our farm in the Chilliwack Valley, and the enterprise and business methods of our staff of workers.
FtrmV^ll        "The   General   Societ7   holds   tne   land
Tilled.*' (ninety acres), for which we pay three hun
dred and ninety dollars per annum.
" Our garden yielded 593 lbs. of small
fruit, two hundred lbs. of rhubarb, besides
supplying the table with all kinds of vegetables. The orchard yielded over half a ton
of cherries and plums, and over a ton of
apples. Our fields produced nearly eighteen
tons of cereals. Our root crop consisted of
seventeen tons of potatoes, twenty-five tons*
of carrots, thirty tons of mangels, forty-three
tons of turnips and two and a half tons of
onions. Our dairy of fifteen cows yielded
two thousand three hundred and eighty-four
pounds of butter, besides milk used in the
house, and separated skim milk fed to hogs
and calves, making a total value of seven
hundred and fifty dollars. We sold six hundred and sixty-seven dollars worth of live
hogs.
" The diligence and progress of the pupils
have been highly satisfactory, several classes
having been promoted during the year, and
some of the more advanced pupils are ambitious to pass the examination for entrance
to the High School. A course in bookkeeping, in which several of the boys and
62 Coqualeetza Institute
girls take a deep interest, is conducted in
the evening by the principal."
In point of situation, the Coqualeetza In- A Fertile
stitute is particularly favored, being in the Site*
midst of the famous Chilliwack Valley, eighty
or ninety miles up the Fraser River, and
some fifty miles east of New Westminster,
one of the most fertile spots in the Dominion.
It is under the joint care of the General Co-opera-
Society and the Woman's Missionary Society, tlon#
and the ambition of the staff is to make it
one of the best Industrial Schools in the Dominion.   For some years the government per Costs But
capita grant, and the sale of produce has Llttle*
met all expenditure, no demand being made
upon either Missionary Society for help, but
last year they were called upon to share
equally  in  a   deficit  which  had  occurred.
There was also a request for a grant for a
number of half-breed children, for whom the
government makes no provision, though they
are quite as needy as the Indian children.
During last year one hundred pupils were Pupils
enrolled, and on March 30th last, eighty-five £ompafe
j mi       -ii ./ Favorably
were m attendance.    The older pupils are With
carefully trained in all the branches taught Others.
in the public schools of the Province, and
they are quite capable of competing with
white children in entrance examinations.
The girls are taught with the object of making them thorough house-keepers.
63 Indian Work
The
Routine.
Another
Worker.
Both boys and girls are divided into two
divisions, the one division going to school
in the morning and doing house-work and
farm work in the afternoon, the other division
working in the morning and attending school
in the afternoon. Every four weeks the timetable is changed, so that all the pupils have
equal opportunity for attending school and
learning to work. They have regular religious instruction in the school, and on Sunday attend church. The school seems to be
a model of industry, system and good order,
and at the same time is a happy home for
the children. A recent letter from one of
the pupils closes with these words: i   \
" We have a great privilege in living at
Coqualeetza, and to be with the teachers who
have sacrificed a great many things to come
and help us onward." All the older girls and
some of the little ones take music lessons, while
the boys have instruction in Band music.
The staff consists of the Principal, Mr.
Cairns, a matron and assistant, two school
teachers, a cooking teacher, laundry teacher,
sewing teacher, band instructor, carpenter,
and farmer.
Our Executive recently made a grant for
an additional worker, one who shall assist
in the Institution during the temporary holidays of the various teachers, and also give
a part of her time in doing nurse-deaconess
work among the former students and other
Indian women. -a
\ CHAPTER VI.
GIRLS' HOME, KITAMAAT, B.C.
ANOTHER Indian Home and Boarding-
school, which owes its origin to the
sympathy of a missionary in opening
his own home to the needy children of the
village, is the Home at Kitamaat, B.C., 160
miles south-east of Port Simpson, on an inlet
of the sea.
Mrs. Raley thus describes the beginning
of the work:
"Possibly you are as ignorant of the Geography,
geographical situation of this Indian village
as I was a year ago, when I learned that
Mr. Raley had been appointed to it by the
British Columbia Conference. We are 500
miles north of Victoria, and 40 miles, up an
inlet called Douglas Channel. Although so
far from the main coast, we have the salt
water. Hartley,Bay, a very small Indian
village at the mouth of the inlet, where we
get our mail, is our nearest neighbor.
" On our arrival we found less than a
dozen people at home, and the village overgrown with weeds. The Indians soon began
to  return from the  canneries,  but it was
65 Indian Work
A Sudden
Announcement.
Temporary
Quarters.
October before the village had its usual
number, about 350. Miss Shelvey, the
teacher, arrived in September and opened
school. About Christmas we learned that
nearly all the people would soon have to hunt
and make canoes. We felt sorry .hat the
children should be taken from school, but
could see no help for it.
" The day after New Year's, without any
warning, Mr. Raley informed me we must
have a Home. I was thunder-struck, not
because I could not see the wisdom of the
idea, but because of ways and means. There
was no house, and the Mission House coul(|
accommodate no more, since it consists of
three rooms and a small place for medicines.
It was difficult to have anything like comfort, especially as I had to find room for
six or twelve months' provisions.
" Notwithstanding seeming difficulties,
after prayerful consideration, it was settled,
and in two weeks we had the children under
our care.
"Mr. Raley bought lumber from the
Indians and had a temporary building put
up between the school and Mission House,
uniting them. Of course the building was
made of rough lumber; it contained a sleeping-room for the girls, and a small kitchen,
washroom and storeroom. Such a time as
there was to construct that building! The
men who shingled had to come down fre-
66 Girls' Home, Kitamaat, B.C.
quently to warm their hands; and nails were
so scarce that, after buying every available
one, Mr. Raley drew some from my kitchen
wall! The back of the school-room was partitioned off to make a place for the boys to
sleep ; the remainder had to answer for
dining-room and school. We had twenty-
two children, from eight to sixteen years
old.
" They brought their  own bedding  and Regular
dishes, and such a motley array I had never Instruction
seen, nor had I seen such queerly clad boys Best
and girls.    In spite of inconveniences and
cold weather, with seven feet of snow, and
the coldest of cold buildings, we plodded on,
and the teacher has the satisfaction of knowing that regular schooling for three months
accomplishes more than hap-hazard work for
nine.
" I looked after the cooking generally, and
made the bread with the little help the girls
could render. It was impossible to teach
them much in the line of housework, owing
to lack of suitable buildings, necessary utensils, etc. The parents provided some native
food, and we supplied rice, beans, flour, etc.
We get our supplies from Victoria, as it is
sometimes difficult to bring them from Hartley Bay, as we have to depend on canoes.
"We intend opening the ' Home' again "Jehovah
as soon as possible after Conference.    We Jireh."
find, in order to have cleanliness, we must
er Indian Work
furnish the bedding and much of the clothing.
These supplies, together with towels, dry
goods, etc., and donations of money, will be
most gratefully received. The Institution
thus far has been conducted on the ' faith'
principle, and though apart from the missionaries, no financial aid has come to us, we
realize that our faith has been honored.
" Miss Shelvey and I have done our best,
but we feel the . need of a matron. On
account of the presence of both boys and girls,
it is necessary for one of us or for Mr. Raley
to be in constant attendance.
" I sincerely hope that our ' Home ' may
engage the sympathy of the Woman's
Missionary Society and many others, and
that soon we may have a suitable building
and a matron in charge.
" Yours sincerely,
" Maude Giles Raley."
The above letter was written in the spring
of 1894, and was followed by gifts of money,
clothing, bedding, material and furnishings
of various kinds, from auxiliaries and
friends, and an appropriation of $200.00
from the Board in 1895.
In September a new Mission House was
built, the old one becoming the home of the
new teacher, Mr. Anderson, and his family.
68 Girls' Home, Kitamaat,'B.C.
In November, 1896, Miss Long reached Miss
Kitamaat, and was placed in charge of the Long's
" Home," three hundred dollars having been Comin&
appropriated for maintenance, and three
hundred for matron's salary. There were
thirty children under her care. Twenty slept
in the Mission House and ten in an outbuilding. " Miss Long found the buildings
worse than she had anticipated, but she
waded through the winter in spite of alternate freeze-outs and wash-outs. The foundation of the old house has given way, and the
water pours over the floor in wet weather.
Miss Long superintends all the meals, the
bread-making and washing, besides giving
regular lessons in needlework."
Referring to this first winter in the Home,
Miss Long afterward wrote: " When I first
came to Kitamaat the Home was a very
rough building, with only one hoard hetween
us and the cold. I have a very vivid recollection of that first winter. I always wore
a coat, cap and rubbers. The girls wore
coats, handkerchiefs and, when very cold,
shawls. Even then, though we had_ large
fires, we could not keep warm."
These pictures of pioneer life will doubtless possess a greater value in the days to
come should Kitamaat become a railway
terminus and seaport, dividing with Prince
Rupert the commerce of the northland.
In 1898 a grant of $1,200.00 to Kitamaat
Her First
Winter. Indian Work
We Take
Possession.
Indian
Generosity.
Coast and
Prairie
Indians.
for building, maintenance and matron's salary
is recorded.
In 1899 the Kitamaat "Home" was taken
over by the Woman's Missionary Society.
An additional grant for the completion of
the new "Home" and furnishing, and the
salary of the assistant matron, was made.
It was resolved that the aim should be to
make it a home simply for girls.
At Kitamaat, as at Port Simpson and
Chilliwack, serious epidemics of measles,
German measles and la grippe followed each
other in quick succession, taxing the strength
of the matron so heavily that for a time she
was laid aside.
The Indians gave the site for the new
building and assisted in its erection; they
also aided by an annual contribution of
native food and of wood. When they have
money they give liberally.
Mr. Raley describes the Indians of the
Coast as unlike the Prairie Indians, in that
the latter are treaty Indians and receive
blankets and food supplies regularly. The
Coast Indians receive none of these benefits
and do not require them. Nature has supplied them with many kinds of fish in
abundance; game, water-fowl and mountain
birds; besides an edible kind of sea-weed,
roots, barks of different kinds and berries.
They are not poor in the same sense as are
the Prairie Indians.   At Kitamaat the people
70 Girls' Home, Kitamaat, B.C.
have built fifty new houses out of their earnings at the canneries. These houses are for
the most part built after the style of the
Mission House, which has been taken as a
model, their houses, however, being on a
smaller scale.
As far as possible the girls of the " Home" Native
are supplied with native food, that they may Food.
not be unfitted for their future life. One
season the Home girls dried and smoked
30,000 small fish for their own use. These
all had to be washed through three waters,
salted, then strung on sticks and placed in
the smoke-house. Every season brings its
extra special work, which makes a very busy
household.
In 1900 a second worker, Miss Jackson, The Second
of   Oshawa,   was   appointed   to   Kitamaat.  Missionary.
Her coming brought relief and fresh courage
to the over-worked matron, Miss Long, in the
care of the twenty-nine children in the Home.
The children continued to attend the village school, and contrasted favorably with
those outside the Home, in health, appearance
and intelligence. The improvement along
all lines after Miss Jackson's arrival was
marked, new departments being possible
with two workers in the Home. Careful instruction in housework, in sewing, mending,
and knitting, prepared the girls for the duties
awaiting them, the Indian girls marrying
often at thirteen and fourteen years.   To in-
71 Indian Work
Early
Marriage.
Spiritual
Results.
duce the girls to wait until a suitable age
had been reached, a wedding outfit was
offered those who would remain in the Home
until eighteen years of age, and several
claimed the reward.
In sewing, the girls are remarkably proficient, even the little girls being taught to
make their own dresses, to knit and to mend.
Several learned to make boys' suits out of
clothing sent by auxiliaries to the Home, and
these suits are readily exchanged for dried
salmon.
In 1902 Miss Long writes: "The progress of the girls in school is more noticeable
this year than any previous one. They take
an interest in their studies, enjoy reading
simple 'books, and are beginning to repay
their-teachers for the work of years." Eight
weeks of sickness in the Home, when nearly
all of the girls were nursed through influenza,
calls forth no word of complaint. Gratitude
is expressed for an improvement in the conduct of the girls, a growth in Christian character in some, and the increased confidence
and liberality of the people.
In another report Miss Long says:
" It is surprising how quickly they mem-
orize Scripture texts. They seem to understand what it means to be a Christian, and
I believe they are really trying to be Christians."     The  older girls can  answer  any
72 Girls' Home, Kitamaat, B.C.
question in the Catechism, and some of the
younger girls also. One little one, only nine
years old, knows every answer. Everything
speaks of the untiring labor of love and
patience bestowed upon these children by our
missionaries.
In the summer of 1902 Miss Baker, of Uncom-
Ridgeway, went to the relief of Miss Long, Travelling.
whose time of furlough had arrived. Miss
Baker's journey from Hartley Bay was one
that would have developed nerves in a less
heroic traveller. She had been advised to
wait at Hartley Bay, in case of no steamer
going to Kitamaat, until a canoe could be
sent for her.   She thus describes the journey:
" Last Thursday morning two young
Indians came from Kitamaat in a canoe.
We left about eight o'clock, trusting to reach
home about midnight; but the wind failed
us, so nothing but a night on the water was
before us. Anchoring in a small cove, we
rested until early morning. About seven a
heavy mist began to fall, and this soon became rain, pouring steadily for two hours.
About two the rain came in torrents, the
wind blew a gale, and soon we were speeding along on the white-crested waves. I
thoroughly enjoyed the trip, although the
bottom of a canoe is not the most comfortable place to sit, eat and sleep in."
73
di Indian Work
Improving
Conditions.
Never saw
a Horse
or Cow.
v Miss Baker was impressed with the flourishing condition of the Home, with the good
conduct of the girls, and the character o±
their work, all testifying to the time, thought,
patience and energy that must have been
expended upon them by Miss Long and Miss
Jackson.   She says:
" Their work would be a credit to any
girl, and I fear many white girls, far older,
would be much inferior to them in this
respect."
In 1904 the garden at Kitamaat began
to be a delight to teachers and pupils, and
the fence, so badly needed, was built. Wire j
and lumber were purchased with the profit*
from the sale of eggs, and three prospectors
did the work, giving their services freely for
the sake of the Home. A telegraph line was
under construction, and a supply of school
books was sent by the Government, so that
for the first time the girls had proper school
books.
These new luxuries, the vegetables and
flowers of their own cultivation, the "missionary hens," and the profit from the sale
of eggs, the fence, the new school books, the
prospect of telegraphic communication with
civilization, give an exultant ring to the letters of 1904. We learn only by inference
of some of the things that are done without.
In one letter an outing, that was provided
for the Home girls at Mr. Anderson's ranch
74 Girls' Home, Kitamaat, B.C.
one summer is described by Miss Long.
The girls became so excited at the sight of
horses and cows for the first time, that they
forgot a fire that had been started, and the
cabin containing their food and clothing was
burned to the ground. From this incident
we judge that in the absence of cows and
horses at Kitamaat, fresh milk must have
been an unknown luxury, and the " packing "
of the wood up the hill by the girls was not
pure recreation.
Anxious days came at the close of 1904, Anxieties,
when the wreck of a steamer bringing sup-    ,
plies for the Home occasioned a scarcity of
food.   Miss Jackson writes:
"A small steamer brought the news (of
the wreck), by which we were able to send
out mail, asking the merchants to duplicate
our orders and ship as soon as possible.
" Our planning abilities were taxed to the
utmost for the next month to provide meals
for our family. We borrowed flour from
Mr. Raley, and a little from the people in
the village, although they were short, as the
storekeepers' goods were lost. It was a
great relief when one day we heard the cry
of " Steamer r Our next anxiety was sickness, and the next a water famine, when we
had to carry all the water we used a half a
mile, but even this did not continue longer
than we were able to bear.
75 Indian Work
" There has been steady progress among
the girls this year, and our greatest encouragement is the conduct of the girls who have
gone to homes of their own."
Fire. Of   the   present   status   and   extent   of
our work at Kitamaat there is nothing
to record, except that preparations are
being made to rebuild the Girls' Home that
was burned in May, 1906. Of course it is
all a familiar story. At our Branch meetings last year the news came that The Kitamaat Girls' Home with most of the contents had been destroyed by fire, and at once
a fund was started to which all auxiliaries \
were asked to contribute during the summer.
The response was prompt and liberal, and
there is no doubt that this special fund, with
the insurance, will cover the loss sustained,
and before long a better equipped and more
commodious Home will take the place of the
one destroyed.
Shelter. The girls were all sent to their homes for
a time and our missionaries found shelter
in the Mission House with Mr. and Mrs.
Raley. As the canning season approached,
provision had to be made for the girls, and
between the Mission House, the public school
and the Temperance Hall all were gathered
together and cared for until their parents
returned in August, when they again went
to their homes. Girls' Home, Kitamaat, B.C.
But the burning of our building was not Miss
our greatest loss. In a short time our senior ton^s
missionary, Miss Long, the matron of the
Home, was stricken with a fatal illness, and
compelled to lay down her work, never to
take it up again. She was beloved by all,
and we are thankful that she was spared to
our work so many years to prove how unselfish
and Christ-like a human life may become.
Miss Martin, who went to Kitamaat in
1905, was sent to Port Simpson, and, a little
later, Mr. and Mrs, Raley, the founders of
the Home, were removed, and then our poor
Indians were bereft indeed.
77 1
Other
Workers.
CHAPTER VII.
HOSPITAL WORK.
I
N connection with our Indian fields we
support eleven additional workers in
the hospitals—a head nurse and two
assistants at each of the three hospitals,
Port Simpson, Hazelton and Bella Bella ; ,
also a deaconess and nurse at Stoney Reserve*
Hospital at Morley, Alberta. Much could
be said if time permitted of the value of this
work, not only to the Indians, but to the
white population, to travellers and prospectors.^ At all these points our nurses are
serving bravely and patiently, at the same
time striving to win souls to Christ.
New Work In 1904 a new departure was made in
Developing. sending forth two ladies whose special charge
was to see what could be done to help the
Indian women to improve their homes, to
instruct them in the care of their children,
and of the sick, and lead them into better
ways of Christian living, to follow those I
who, having spent some time in our schools,
have returned to their people, and are in
danger of resuming their former undesirable
78 Hospital Work
habits. This work requires much unselfish
devotion, great tact, and the all-constraining
love of Christ. Last year at Morley, Alberta,
Miss Buehler had eighty-four homes on her
visiting list, and as they were widely scattered, many long drives had to be taken. She
reports eighty visits and one hundred and
eighty-nine calls. In times of sickness and
trouble her visits are greatly appreciated, and
not infrequently she is sent for, to pray in
their tents. In all this work our missionaries
are genuinely happy, and thankful that they
are permitted to serve.  FRENCH WORK
French Methodist Institute
Mission Schools
French Protestant Home
Methodist Orphanage,
Newfoundland
81  CHAPTER VIII.
FRENCH WORK.
THE Ladies'. French Missionary
Society," of Montreal, organized in
January, 1878, for work among the
French-speaking people of the Dominion,
quickly fell into line, and united with the
larger organization in 1881, with the understanding that they would be permitted to
administer their funds in accordance with
the needs of the work. The Members of Experi-
this French Missionary Society brought with eilce? Co"
them a knowledge of the work that could not orkers-
have been gained except by experience, and a
real missionary spirit that had not been so
fully developed in Ontario. The more prominent workers were appointed a Committee
on French Work, and their influence has been
marked during all the subsequent years,
stimulating the interest and influencing the
appropriations.
Previous to  1881  they had employed  a
Bible-woman in Montreal, and had contributed to the support of the French Mission
Church, and the French Methodist Institute,
for the training of missionaries and the edu-
83 School for
French
Girls.
"Fruit unto
Eternal
Life."
French Work
cation of French-Canadians, especially converts from Romanism.
Their wish was to undertake the education
and training of French girls as well as boys,
and this wish had its fulfilment in 1885,
when a school for girls was opened in Montreal to accommodate twelve boarders. In
1886, a larger house being needed, it was
decided, because of the high rents in Montreal, to move the school to Actonvale, about
fifty-five miles from the city. A teacher,
Mdlle. Lucile Vessot, was secured, and for
the first time the names of two French
workers, Mdlle. Vessot and Mdlle. Bouchard,
a Bible-reader in Sherbrooke, were added to
our list of missionaries.
In 1887 Mdlle. Vessot was succeeded by
an English lady of experience in teaching
both French and English. In the Report
for 1887 there is a jubilant note that is quite
contagious.   It says:
" It is with gratitude that we report the
success of our school, which opened with
eighteen pupils, and soon filled up to twenty-
five, all we could accommodate. The girls
improved rapidly; some who were unable to
read on entering, could read fluently before
leaving. Better than this, there were conversions during the year to the number of
fourteen. These girls, who were Roman
Catholics,  seemed to be truly changed in
84
■ m French Work
heart and life during their stay, and were
found giving willing testimony in social
meetings to the power of Christ to save. Is
this not worth all the time, patience, trouble
and money spent during the year ?
"The   pupils   contributed   $320.00   that
85 I
CHAPTER IX.
FRENCH METHODIST INSTITUTE,
MONTREAL.
F  any  defence  of  our French work is
necessary,   we   find   it  in  the   closing
words    of    our    French    Educational
Aim. Committee's report in 1889: " Our object is
not to assail Romanism, nor yet to proselytize,   but   simply   to   educate   our   fellow-
countrymen on the basis of an open Bible
for all."
Co-opera- In 1888 it was proposed by the General
tlon* Board of Missions that the Woman's Mis
sionary Society assist in the support of the
proposed Methodist Institute, by the payment of $600.00 annually, in lieu of rent for
that part of the Institute occupied by the
girls, and a fair proportion of the running
expenses. The Society was also requested
to appoint a committee to consult with the
Directors of the Institute in all matters'
respecting the management of the Girls'
Department. The Society accepted this proposal, but stipulated that said interest be
paid for a term of years not exceeding ten,
and asked to be allowed three members on
86 French Methodist Institute
the Board oi; Directors of the French Institute, and a representation on the Board of
Management.
The new Institute was opened in 1889 and
a more promising line of work was opened
up among our French-Canadian fellow-subjects, giving hope for grand results in the
future.
It  was  thought wise to  concentrate  all Close of
effort on the new Institute, and the Com- Actonvale.
mittee on French Work reluctantly decided
to give up the boarding-school at Actonvale,
where excellent results had been attained in
the preceding years.
It was decided to charge a minimum fee
of $4.00 per month in the Institute, but exceptions were made when advisable in favor
of promising students unable to pay this
amount.
The consolidation, in Montreal, of the
higher educational work of the two Mission
Boards has proved eminently advantageous,
the annual reports giving results that could
scarcely be expected, in accordance with the
generally accepted view of the difficulties of
the French work. \
The preference is given to boys and girls
from Roman Catholic homes, in the hope that
they may exert an influence upOn those
homes that cannot otherwise be reached. In
1906, examinations were conducted by graduates and Professors of McGill University,
87 French Work
Changed
Lives.
Many
Conversions.
Characteristics of
French
Schools.
Selected
Pupils.
and all but one of the pupils who wrote,
obtained Certificates from the Quebec Board
for Grade I and Grade II, Academy.
Without exception, we believe, converts
are reported each year. Gleanings from the
annual reports of this entire period, from
1887 to 1906, are uniform in one respect, in
the good proportion of students who take a
definite stand for Christ and Protestantism.
Sixty pupils professed conversion during
1906, of whom twenty-three were received
into the Methodist Church.
The French schools differ from our
foreign schools, and those in our Indian
fields, in that the majority of their students
do not attend for a term of years, tut the
personnel of the school is constantly changing. In this connection, however, one fact
is noteworthy—from the opening of the Institute in 1889 to the present time, one and
the same teacher, Miss Masten, has been in
charge of the Girls' Department. Surely it
were a breach of faith to doubt the good
results of our French work while our efficient
and devoted Miss Masten, and the no less
devoted Committee on French Work, are
safeguarding its interests.
With an attendance of eighty-eight, the
dormitories, class-rooms and dining-room are
over-crowded, and for a number of years
many students have been refused admission.
Miss Masten says: French Methodist Institute
"We could fill our rooms over and over
again from undesirable sources, but in providing for them the funds of the Missionary
Society would be misapplied; so a careful
selection has to be made. We want the brightest and best, for it is from the Institute and
Mission Schools that we are looking for young
people to carry on and broaden this work
of enlightenment throughout our darkened
Province. We desire to make the religious
training of our pupils so constant and so
practical a part of the everyday life, that
no one can think of it as relegated to the
hour set apart for Bible study, or to the
prayer-meeting and Sunday services."
I The  regular  course  of study  covers  a prepared
period of &ve years, and students are pre- for
pared   for   entrance   to   McGill   Normal  University
School,  or for university matriculation if
they so desire."
Only a small proportion of the girls are
able to prepare for teaching, nearly all being
obliged to take up housework, sewing, etc.
The experience gained in the Domestic
Department' of the Institute often proves
quite as valuable as that secured in the
school-room. *
" The   girls   are   taught   plain   cooking,  Domestic
practically in all its branches, from the pre- TraminS-
paring of a cup of tea or coffee to the cooking of meats, vegetables, etc., and the making of plain cakes and puddings." French Work
Commercial
Course.
Linguistic
Ability.
Routine.
" To some the proper care of their persons
and their rooms, as well as any kind of
order about the house seems as unfamiliar
as the work of the class-room, so that constant supervision is needed in every department from morning until night." Plain
sewing, dressmaking and tailoring are also
taught.
" Our aim each year is to prepare a few
of the more promising pupils for entrance
to the Normal School. In 1903 a commercial course, including shorthand and typewriting, was added, and a great many girls
as well as boys are taking advantage of it.
It promises to be of special benefit to the
girls, as very few of them can afford the
time or expense which a teacher's training
necessitates, and yet many are bright enough
to profit by this course, and will, we trust,
be thus enabled to support themselves comfortably."
" The ease and rapidity with which our
French pupils acquire the English language
is surprising, many coming to us in the
autumn unable to understand a simple sentence, and yet both speaking and reading the
language fluently in the spring."
"At 6.30 every morning the bell rings,
and at seven o'clock everyone must be in the
study-room. At 7.30 breakfast is served.
The bill of fare is simple, but wholesome
and abundant.   From 8.00 to 8.45 the school
90 French Methodist Institute
is like a bee-hive, yet everything is done with
the greatest precision. Of course all the
pupils have to make their own beds, sweep
their rooms, class-rooms and corridors. The
boys peel the potatoes, polish the knives and
carry the ashes. The girls wash the dishes
and tidy their own department. At a
quarter to nine everything must be ready for
inspection. After prayers the daily class
work begins."
" In 1891, out of 78 students, over thirty Yearly
professed conversion.    One pupil who left J^^8,
the Roman Catholic Church only the year Results,
before, spent the summer as a Bible woman
in Rhode Island.    Although persecuted by
the priests, and expelled from houses by their
orders, she remained faithful."
1892. "Fifteen of our students were
Roman Catholics, most of whom profess to
have renounced their faith and embraced
Protestantism. Prejudice is gradually removed from students' minds. The religious
and moral training of the pupils is always
kept paramount, and while we endeavor to
hasten their intellectual development, we
continue to devote the best part of our time
to bringing them to a clear knowledge of *
Gospel truth."
"In 1897 epidemics of la grippe, measles
and diphtheria continued throughout the
session, until the Directors decided to close
the school a month earlier than usual.    Out
91    I French Work
of 135 applicants one-third were from Roman
Catholic homes. In 1899 more than half the
pupils united with the staff in partaking of
the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, and
many expressed their firm determination to
follow Christ."
1901. " Too large a proportion of Roman
Catholic students this year to make the
school satisfactory, their undermining influence being felt among the weaker Protestants, whom they are ever on the watch to
criticize and lead astray."
1902. " Largest attendance in the history
of the school. Active members of the Ep-
worth League organized a noon prayer-meeting. We have an unusually bright class, and
we hope to find some workers for the mission
field among them."
1903. " Never before in the fourteen
years' history of the Institute have our hopes
been so bright or our prospects so good as today. The average attendance was the highest
on record."
1904. "One hundred and seventy-three
applied for admission to the Institute. Excellent work was done, as shown by the
examinations. Eighteen pupils were received
into the Methodist Church."
92 CHAPTER X.
MISSION SCHOOLS.
A NUMBER of French Mission Schools
were among the earliest claimants 25!jj£stg
upon the funds of our Society,
appropriations for three day schools in Montreal and vicinity appearing in the Report
for 1888-89, one of which, the West End
French Mission School, had been in existence for two years.
" The number in attendance varied considerably, owing to the great poverty of the
children. Lack of food and clothing frequently prevented their being present."
Why are these schools necessary ?
Our Committee answers, " For the simple
reason that the children who attend in the g^ois
city would be totally unable to pay the fees Needed,
of the ordinary public schools, low though
they be; while throughout the country the
Protestants are so scattered that no sufficient
number can be found within three miles,
which is the school limit, to form a Trustee
Board, levy their taxes and erect a school
building such as would be suitable for the
Protestant children. Hence, they are reduced to the alternative, either the insidious
influence of the Roman Catholic schools, or
93 French Work
the gross ignorance resulting from no
tuition."
A second school was opened in the basement of the French Methodist Church, and
at the St. Theodore Mission a dissentient
school was aided financially by our Society.
" We are thus entitled to a voice in the selection of a teacher, and the school is made
tributary to our work." The teachers employed are members of the Methodist Church.
The West End and East End Schools
have been wholly supported by the Woman's
Missionary Society up to the present time,
their reports appearing regularly from year
to year; and the number of country schools
aided has increased from one to four.
These two supported schools have been
largely attended, the West End having registered as high as 131 in 1899. A Bible
woman assists in this school, teaching in the
forenoon, and visiting in the homes in the
afternoon and on Saturdays, averaging 125
visits monthly. Religious instruction has a
prominent place, also temperance teaching
through the Band of Hope. The aim of the
teachers is to build up Christian character
in the pupils. Those who complete the course
obtain a good knowledge of the elementary
subjects, the same as taught in the public
schools of the Province.
Extracts from a letter in the Outlook of
August, 1903, illustrate the conditions under
94 Mission Schools
which  the work  is   done,   and  the  results
attained:
" The majority of these pupils are under Who are
twelve years of age, and come from homes
where punctuality and regular attendance
are neither taught nor enforced, and without proper ideas of behavior or discipline,
so that the teacher has many perplexing
questions to solve. Nine Syrian children
are in attendance and are learning slowly.
A most important feature of both schools what is
(the "West End " and " East End ") is the Taught,
teaching of the Scriptures, to which one hour
is devoted each morning. It would have
given satisfaction to the members of our
Woman's Missionary Society could they have
heard the children recite in concert the Lord's
Prayer, the Apostles' Creed, the Commandments, the Beatitudes, and the thirteenth
chapter of Corinthians. Individual scholars
recited short psalms, gave the order of the
creation, short stories from the lives of
Abraham and others, also the sayings and
doings of our Saviour, while the smaller
children repeated a precious promise, or a
text of warning or admonition. How thankful we were that these great treasures were
stored away in their memories to enrich their
lives."
The pupils of both schools passed creditable
examinations, especially those who had been
in attendance two or three years.
95 CHAPTER XL
THE  PROTESTANT  HOME FOR FRENCH
CHILDREN.
THIS Home was opened in 1901 at the
earnest request of our French missionaries.    The difficulty of securing
a matron seemed almost insurmountable, but
as we review the months that have intervened we see the guiding hand of God, and
in His own time He opened the way and
sent a most deeply interested worker, Mrs.
Pearson, our present matron.
The Little        During   the   next   few   months   nineteen
Children.      children under ten years of age were admitted.   " Too much cannot be said of Mrs.
Pearson's faithfulness, her constant care and
interest in the welfare of the children.    By
her example and training she is teaching
them to lead Christian lives.
"None were able to read, nor did they
know the alphabet when entering; now they
are learning, but the greatest gain as yet
has been in their conduct. It is refreshing
to see their simple faith in prayer, their-
obedience and truthfulness, as compared with
their ideas on these subjects a short time
96 French Protestant Home
During the year 1906 a part of our Ex- Home for
tension Fund was used in the purchase of a }£?}*
.,,,,.,,. _     __      r Children,
suitable building for the French Protestant
Home in Montreal. Five years ago the
Society was urged by the French pastors
to open a Home for small children, who^
having lost one or both parents, would otherwise be sent to the nuns, and lost to Protestantism. This Home has been carried on by
Mrs. Pearson, with limited resources, but
with great success; and much satisfaction is
expressed over the possession of a permanent,
commodious, and accessible Home. Twenty-
seven children under thirteen years of age,
and fourteen under seven, give plenty of
occupation to the matron. They are taught
cleanliness, truth, honesty, simple Scripture
verses and hymns, and are given a primary
education. A trained kindergartner, Miss
Armstrong, gives, gratuitously, three mornings a week to the training of the children
according to kindergarten methods.
Besides the above institutions, the Other
Woman's Missionary Society is entirely re- Work. *
sponsible for the support of two day schools,
carried on in each of the two French Methodist Churches, and gives grants to four
country schools, where the French Protestants are too few to support them by their
school taxes alone.
97 French Work
Look After
the
Children.
The salary of a Bible woman is also paid
by our Board. Last year the appropriation
to the French work, including a balance of
$8,000.00 on the new Protestant Home, was
$15,960.00.
The question is sometimes asked " Is the
establishing of Missions among French
Roman Catholics a wise use of missionary
money ?   They are not heathen."
We answer Yes; wherever ignorance of
Bible teaching is found, either among Roman j
Catholics or Protestants, it is our duty to
send teachers. Surely it were madness to
send Bibles to the heathen in foreign lands
and allow our own countrymen to grow up
in ignorance. And we have failed to learn
one lesson that the Roman Catholic Church
is teaching the world, if we neglect the children ! It has been predicted (and we believe
the prediction) that no one who has been a
student in our schools, if only for a few
weeks, will ever join a mob or stone a
Chiniquy. CHAPTER XII.
METHODIST ORPHANAGE, ST. JOHN'S,
NEWFOUNDLAND.
FOR a number of years, beginning with
1888, a grant of from $200.00 to
$500.00 was made to the Newfoundland Orphanage. The children sheltered in this Orphanage are in many cases
the children of fishermen who have lost their
lives while following their daily occupation,
and in a special manner their need appealed
to us. In 1898 the Methodist friends of St.
John's became responsible for the Institution
and the grant was discontinued.
99  THE STRANGERS
Chinese Rescue Home
All Peoples' Mission
" Wahstao "
Galician Mission
Italian Mission
101  Canada.
CHAPTER XIII.
CHINESE RESCUE HOME AT VICTORIA, B.C.
DURING the year 1886-87 several
appeals for help came to the Executive, and one of a startling character
from the Rev. J. E. Starr, Victoria, B.C.,
to the effect that Chinese girls were being Slavery in
bought and sold by white men for immoral
purposes. Immediate action was taken and
a grant made, providing temporarily for
rescue work. The matter was brought before
the several Branches which met in October,
and four out of the five sent memorials to
the meeting of the Board, endorsing the action of the Executive in making the grant,
and recommending that the Government be
petitioned to stop the traffic. A communication was also received from the General Board
of Missions, stating that the sum of $250
would be placed in the hands of the Treasurer, subject to the order of the Woman's
Missionary Society, as an earnest of their
appreciation of the effort. They further recommended that the Woman's Missionary
103 The Strangers
Society take this Chinese work wholly into
their hands. The Woman's Board appropriated $315.00 to the rescue work that year,
and Miss Leake, of Parrsboro', N.S., was
appointed to take charge of the Rescue Home,
the building being provided by the General
Society.
A committee was appointed to confer with
Dr. Sutherland and with the Woman's Missionary Societies of the Presbyterian, Episcopalian and Baptist churches, asking their
co-operation in the petition to be laid before
the House of Commons at its approaching
session.
To the heroic efforts of Rev. J. E.
Gardner, Superintendent of the Methodist
Chinese Mission in Victoria, we are indebted
for much of the success that has attended our
rescue work. " Mr. Gardner's ability as a
Chinese scholar, his knowledge of the
Celestial's ' ways that are dark,' his acquaintance with our laws, his courage, his tact,
his zeal for Christ and his love for humanity,
I constitute him a foe of whom even the death-
dealing highbinders are afraid."
Appalling It is impossible to imagine an inexperi-
Need. enced worker, either man or woman, being
equal to the situation as it was at that time.
It is stated that " Canada was receiving
annually from one hundred to two hundred
enslaved Chinese women and girls for purposes of shame."
104 Chinese Rescue Home
Canadian law does not permit the buying
and selling of women, but without the help
of a man like Mr. Gardner justice often
miscarries. No effective remedy seems to
have been provided by legislation, though
the matter has been placed before the proper
" authorities.
The girls are valued at from $250.00 to
$1,500.00, and the owners fiercely oppose
all efforts to rescue them. Someone is always
ready to claim the victim as his wife, and in
many cases there is no legal redress.
" Some of the girls were secured upon Legal
their landing from the steamer, but the larger Contests-
number were rescued from the haunts of vice.
Almost as soon as the girls are within the
precincts of the Home, a writ of habeas corpus is issued at the instance of their so-called
owners, for their appearance in court. Then
begins what is often a long and hard-contested legal conflict. From the court-room
the girls have their choice between going
with their Chinese friends or returning to
the Home with their English friends.
" As soon as we can get their consent, we
take our guardianship papers, which cost us
$10.00. Having secured these papers from
the Chief Justice of the Province we feel
secure, but the trouble is not always over.
" The Chinese owner in every instance is
willing to spend money lavishly, and does
so spend it in buying witnesses to swear just
105 The Strangers
Worth
While.
such evidence as he thinks necessary in order
to regain his chattel."
From the nature of the work in the Home
the number of inmates varies greatly from
year to year, and while we always rejoice
to hear that a large number are being sheltered and taught, an empty Rescue Home
would be no proof that a deterrent influence
is not being exerted, and that crime is not
being prevented.
" It has been asked, Is it worth while
trying to do anything for the Chinese girls?
The best answer is the facts. It is most
remarkable and "worthy of strong emphasis,
that although a number of these girls lived
for a longer or shorter period, some Irom infancy to womanhood, in an environment of
the vilest kind, not on& of all that have come
into the Home has returned to her former
life. Eighteen couples have been married
from the Home, all of whom are comfortably
settled; and every one of the eighteen women
thus settled in peaceful, reputable homes of
their own has been rescued from a state of
slavery to which death itself would have been
infinitely preferable."
The above statement was published in 1896.
Many cases could be given, if space permitted, "to show the value of the work accomplished.
One of the first girls rescued, a bright
little child of ten years when she entered the
106 o
w
u  Chinese Rescue Home
Home, showed such aptitude for study, and
especially for music, that she was sent to
the Methodist College, New Westminster,
through the kindness of our President,
Mrs. Gooderham, and other friends. " Gertrude " subsequently became the wife of a
Chinese missionary, Tong Chue Tom, and
with him removed to Nanaimo, where they
opened a Mission School.
For a number of years Mr. Gardner gave
religious instruction on Sabbath to the girls
of the Home, in their own tongue. In 1889
the conversion of all the girls in the Home
was reported, a remarkable change being
apparent.
Homes.
Upon the request of Miss Leake that an Visiting
assistant be sent who could study the Chinese c
language, and so be able to visit and influence
the women in their homes, Miss Cartmell was
requested to go to Victoria in 1889. It was
believed that with her knowledge of Oriental
women Miss Cartmell would be able to ascertain the best way of extending the work
among the women and children of Chinatown.
Access to a number of Chinese homes was
gained, and gradually an influence outside
the Home was felt.
At first it was hoped that the converted
girls could return to China as Christian
workers, but missionaries discouraged this
idea,  and  advised keeping them here and
107 The Strangers
Changes.
making them as useful as possible in the
work at home.
In 1891 " strenuous efforts were made to
stop the traffic in girls, by arresting a procuress, but on a flimsy excuse the magistrate
dismissed the case. It is disheartening to
feel that the civic authorities are not with
us. It is evident that the authorities of the
city do not intend to combat the evil until
the Dominion Government obliges them to
do so."
1893 was a year of contest with the
iniquitous traffic. One girl was rescued two
weeks after her arrival from China. Another was prevented from landing, and after
being shipped from port to port for some
weeks, was sent back to China, thus helping
to make the traffic unprofitable.
1895. Arrangements were made to visit
Vancouver and New Westminster regularly
in the interests of the Chinese and Japanese
Women; while visiting in Victoria, especially among the girls who had been married
from the Home, was continued. A friendly
oversight of the Home girls has always been
maintained. During this year Miss Bowes
succeeded Mrs. Morrow as matron of the
Home. Miss Wicket had charge of the evangelistic work, also the teaching of English
and music in the Home. In 1897, Miss
Churchill was appointed teacher in the school
108 ments.
Chinese Rescue Home
for Chinese children meeting in the Home,
and was given permission to teach in the night
school of the General Society.
" The Home, which was originally intended for rescue work only, had developed
into a basis of operations for other lines of
missionary work, until a school and regular
evangelistic visits were promising features of
the work."
" There are evidences of Christian living Encourage-
among the married girls, as they gather with
their little ones each week at the prayer meeting conducted by the matron of the Home,
each with her passage of scripture carefully
committed to memory. Work among a
heathen people like the Chinese, with so many
superstitions to overcome, is necessarily slow
and difficult, but a good work is in progress."
The day school in the Home was attended
by twenty-two pupils, some of them the children of the leading Chinese merchants. The
fees from these pupils nearly paid the salary
of the native teacher. Mrs. Chan, wife of
the missionary, instructed the children in
Chinese, it being the wish of the parents
that they should have lessons in both English
and Chinese.
The attendance at .the school became so
large that it was necessary in 1899 to remove to larger quarters over the Chinese
church, 230 names being registered during
the year, with average attendance of 30, and
109 i The Strangers
the night school for Chinese boys, under the
General Society was still larger. At the request of our Executive, the day school was
taken over by the General Society.
Success.
Mission
Band in the
"Home."
In 1901 the baptism of three rescued girls
is reported. Chinese and Japanese women
are sought out at Nanaimo, Vancouver, New
Westminster, Steveston, and Moodyville;
Japanese and Chinese literature is distributed, and gospel seed scattered wherever opportunity offers.
Much time was spent in trying to rescue
both Japanese and Chinese women, but many
after a few days' stay in the city passed on
to the United States. After a visit to Seattle
in quest of some Japanese girls whom they
feared had been led into an evil life, Mrs.
Snyder says: " To have saved our fair city
from the state of things which exists there
is a good work done. Prevention is better
than cure."
1903. Two girls rescued, who, in spite of
entreaties, threats and bribes, chose to remain in the Home. Two girls baptized. Besides ordinary English subjects, lessons in
Chinese and Japanese are given by the native
missionaries. A Mission Band formed in the
Home has awakened an interest in others,
and quite a liberal offering has been madej
one year exceeding fifty dollars. Over twenty
dollars was collected by the girls from their
110 Chinese Rescue Home
heathen friends on behalf of the "Jennie
Ford Home " in China.
The   following  letter,   slightly   abridged, A Pro-
was written by Miss Morgan in June, 1900, g^^
and gives a vivid picture of life in a " Rescue
Home":
I     .    We have had
quite an exciting time. A slave girl
ran away from Chinatown this afternoon and came this way. I found she
wanted to come in, and Bessie and I
went after her.    Whether we can keep
her or not is a question	
Later.—It has been a very trying day.
The little girl is still here and says she
will not return. The Chinaman came
with a lawyer's letter asking us to give
up the child. Of course we did not, and
they will go to law. Pray that the right
may prevail; .... August 7th.
—Perhaps you have already seen by the
newspapers that we won the case, and
that Soy King is still in the Home.
When I last wrote the trial was pending. Soy King said she did not like the
Chinese, and would never return to live
with them, but would kill herself if the
Judge sent her back.
"No words can tell you of the nervous strain we were under for nearly a
month. Deputations of Chinese, either
with, or without a policeman, came four,
111 The Strangers
five and six times a day for nearly a
week, sometimes ringing the bell or
hammering at the door for half an hour
at a time. As no summons came, we
felt under no obligation to open the door,
except to the man whose slave Soy King
was, but he feared to meet us alone,
and so always came with others whom
our lawyer advised us not to admit.
Suspense. "The trial was postponed four times,
and then it was nine days before the
judge gave his decision. Not until this
reached me did I realize what a burden
I had been bearing, and the reaction
was almost too much for me. I know I
never prayed so earnestly for anything
in my life. I could not sleep for nights,
and there were days when eating was
impossible. No mother ever mourned
over a child more than I did over Soy
King. We have named her Dorothy,
for was she not a gift from God ?
" One day, when waiting for the
judge's decision, Bessie said, "Oh! Miss
Morgan, I thought I was sorry when I
lived in China, but I never knew what
trouble was before Soy King came to us.
I pray and cry all night. Do you think
God will answer our prayers ? If not,
the other girls in Chinatown will never,
never come to us, because they will think
we have no power."
I 112 Chinese Rescue Home
Canada's Chinese Exclusion Law has not
been regarded as an aid to missionary effort,
but it is certain that if we would preserve
the moral and religious standard of our own
people, either the Chinese must be excluded,
or they must be helped and taught and governed. The Chinese bring with them their
own superstitious beliefs and heathen form
of worship, their degraded family life, and
their own standard of. morality, or, to speak
correctly, of immorality.
Since 1887 our Chinese Rescue Home at A Beacon
Victoria has stood for righteousness and pur- 1§ ft
ity. It is a refuge for Oriental women and
girls, and a terror to evil-doers; and it has
more than once been said that if the Woman's
Missionary Society had done nothing else, the
work of the Rescue Home justifies its existence.
It has been our own good fortune to secure Courageous
for this most difficult position, women of Workers.
dauntless courage, and unfailing love ana
patience, who have watched every steamer
coming into port, and followed the girls to
the places where they were hidden, trying
by every means in their power to rescue them.
They have more than once risked their lives
by forcing their way through doors guarded
by armed men in search of these helpless
girls, until now the importation of Chinese
girls for immoral purposes has virtually
ceased.
113 The Strangers
The names of the brave women who have
risked and suffered so much for the rescue
of Oriental women and girls in Canada, deserve an honored place in Canadian history,
and prominent among them should be that
of Miss Leake (now Mrs. Tuttle), to whose
sane judgment and firm control in the very
difficult, early years of the Home, so much
is due.
When the Royal Commission on Chinese
Immigration was in Victoria, its members
visited the Home, and after examining the
books, interviewing the girls, and questioning
the missionaries, they were pleased to say
that we have " succeeded in checking the
traffic in slave girls more effectively than
could possibly be' done by paid officials."
Speaking of this work, Mrs. E. W. Ross,
President of the Board of Managers, says:
" Its  history  deserves to be written in
letters of gold, so costly has been the sacrifice of service, so glorious the reward in souls
saved, and homes regenerated."
A New While the Home in Victoria will ever be
Phase. ready to shelter any who may need its care
and protection, the attention of our missionaries will be turned in the future toward the
work among women and children of Chinatown, rather than to Rescue Work.
Variety. During the year the work of our mission
aries, Mrs. Snyder and Miss Sherlock, has
not lacked variety, for, in addition to teach-
114 Chinese Rescue Home
ing in the day school and Sunday School,
the training of the girls in the Home, evangelistic visits in Victoria, Vancouver, and
New Westminster, the coming and going of
Oriental women has afforded constant opportunity for helpful service.
No fewer than twenty-one Japanese weddings were celebrated at the Home last year.
Women and girls without money find a
safe refuge and a kind welcome, but those
who are able to pay are required to do so.
We find the sum of $392.50 credited to this
source in the last Annual Report, and during the last eight months $500.00 has been
received for the Board of Oriental women.
At the present time a Chinese mother, the Incidents.
fourth wife of a Chinese merchant of Victoria, with her ten-months-old baby girl,
are among the inmates of the Home. True
to its tradition, the plural marriage brings
misery in its train in Canada as elsewhere.
The third wife of this merchant offered
the nurse, a Canadian girl, $150.00 if she
would take away the child of the fourth wife.
With the consent of the mother the child was
taken to the Home, and the mother soon followed.
The loss of the little girl gave the merchant small concern, but he applied to his
lawyer for the recovery of his wife, when he
learned, perhaps for the first time, that Cana-
115 The Strangers
dian law would provide him a home in the
Penitentiary for fourteen years if it were
known that he had more than one wife. This
information put a stop to legal proceedings.
Papers of guardianship will be taken out
by the missionaries, securing the custody of
the child; and the nurse who rescued it would
like to become responsible for its support as
far as possible. Let us hope that we have in
this little one a missionary in embryo.
Another
Centre.
At Vancouver, B.C., two workers are supported by the Society to assist in evangelistic
and school work among the Japanese and
Chinese women and children of that city.
One of these is a Japanese woman, the other
a Chinese—both doing earnest Christian work
among the women and children of their own
nationality.
116 CHAPTER XIV.
ALL PEOPLES' MISSION, WINNIPEG.
WE are indebted to Rev. J. S. Woods-
worth, pastor and Superintendent
of  City Missions,  Winnipeg,  for
the following facts relating to the evolution
of All Peoples' Mission.
In McDougall Church in North Winnipeg How It
a young woman taught a Sunday-school class. Began.
She was known among her friends as Dolly
Maguire. She felt sorry for some German
children whom she saw on the streets, and
invited them into her class. The number
grew. They had to have a separate class—
then a separate room. Before long, still
further accommodation became necessary, and
an effort was made to find a suitable little
building to be used for this* purpose.
There is  a small,  plain building across The
the track from the old C.P.R. station.    The Roman's
side-wall formed a large sign-board on which Enters,
was printed in seven languages, " A House
of Prayer For All People/''
This building had been secured through
the contributions of the friends of the work.
In 1901 an appeal was made to the Woman's
117 The Strangers
Variety.
Maturing
Plans.
Missionary Society at the annual meeting
by Dr. Morrison, Superintendent of the
Mission, and, in response, it was resolved,
that the Board undertake work among the
foreign population of Winnipeg, by giving
a grant toward a new building for the Mission, known as All Peoples' Mission. A grant
of $2,000.00 was made, on condition that the
General Mission Board approved, which sum
was subsequently paid.
Maple Street Congregational Church was
purchased with the help from our Board,
and became headquarters for the Mission
work, the Methodist Church taking over the
work, and appointing Dr. Morrison pastor.
The work varied according to the ability
and ideals of the workers. At one time a
dispensary was opened, relief continued to
be given to the needy—foreigners were always welcomed. The work branched out
along new and important lines. A Board of
Management, representing City Methodism,
was formed to supplement the work of the
local Quarterly Official Board, and under its
direction a kindergarten was opened, and
later a deaconess engaged. Later—The Fresh
Air Camp was instituted. The English-
speaking work was extended, and Peoples'
Sunday evening services conducted in a
theatre on Main St.
In 1906, by authority of the General Conference, there was formed the Winnipeg City
118 All Peoples' Mission
Mission Board, composed of the ministers
in the active work in the city, and a layman
from each church. At the present time the
Mission staff comprises the following—Rev.
J. S. Woodsworth, Superintendent and Pastor of Bethlehem Mission; an immigration
Chaplain ; a Polish worker ; a Chinese
worker ; an Evangelist ; and eight ladies.
Of the ladies, three are deaconesses, four are
kindergartners, and one a Ruthenian worker.
In addition to these regularly employed
workers, there are a number of volunteer
helpers. Dolly Maguire, or Mrs. J. J.
Hughes, is still one of the most earnest
workers, and Mr. Hughes has for years been
Superintendent of All Peoples' Sunday-
school.
The Mission is carrying on the following "Unto
departments: work among English-speaking jjY^       ,
people; work among children of all nation- Tongue."
alities (this includes Sunday-schools, Boys'
Brigades, Bands of Hope, Junior Leagues) ;
immigration work; kindergarten work; deaconess work, which includes visiting, relief,
sewing classes, kitchen-garden, night-school,
fresh-air camp, etc.; work among Poles, Germans,  Ruthenians,  Bohemians,   and   Chinese.    In addition might be mentioned free
medical and legal advice.    The Mission well
merits its name " All Peoples'."   It seeks to
minister " unto every nation and tribe, and
tongue and people."
119 The Strangers
The If we bad a host of missionaries at our
Procession, chief ports of entry, all possessed of the gift
of tongues, the thousands of foreigners who
are pouring into Canada could not be detained long enough to receive a helpful message; but at Winnipeg, the gateway to their
far Western homes, such a work is more
nearly possible, and here we have our " All
Peoples' Mission."
The " strangers " are like a continual procession—those who were here yesterday are
away to-day, but some are detained a few
days, or even weeks, and here they are met
by the earnest Christian workers banded
together for that purpose.
"All People « The city of Winnipeg is the point to
Tongues " which these motley newcomers converge, and
from which they are distributed over prairies
and among mushroom towns. Some 2,000
people have slept in the Immigration shed
in one night. Their varied type of faces,
and their heterogeneous bag and baggage
make a strange and appealing picture. What
an opportunity offers itself here to the Christian worker! An opportunity which Methodists are among the first to seize. Efforts
are being made to meet every foreigner on
his arrival in Winnipeg, and offer him the
Scriptures in his mother-tongue. Scriptures
in more than forty-five languages have been
asked for in the Bible House in Winnipeg."
120 Q
O
X
H
W
K
u
B
w
«
w
H L All Peoples' Mission
As many as possible of these people are
gathered at the Mission Services and in the
Sabbath Schools where, through interpreters,
the Gospel message is given. One of the de- °ur
voted band of workers is the deaconess, sup- eaconess-
ported by our Woman's Missionary Society,
and through her we believe every member of
the Society would like to say to the newcomers, " we care for the strangers within
our gates, and we wish that the ministrations
of our deaconess could be many times multiplied."
121 mm!
CHAPTER XV.
The
Pioneers.
An Influential
Friend.
GALICIAN MISSION.
SOME of the brightest pages in the
history of our Society are furnished
by the story of the founding of our
Mission among the Galician settlers at Pa-
kan, in Northern Alberta. Fortunately for
the historian, our missionaries at that station
have let their light shine, not only upon
the Galician settlement, but upon the pages
of the Outlook, hence the study of their progress is not a long and weary search.
For some time previous to the going out
of our missionaries it had been desired to
send teachers to the Galicians, but the absence of a home, or school or boarding place
where our ladies could be comfortable seemed
to bar the way. However, in June, 1904,
Miss Munro, formerly of Japan, and Miss
Edmonds, a trained nurse, determined to
face all difficulties; and provided with a tent
and other requisites for house-keeping, they
started for Alberta.
At Winnipeg they were introduced to a
priest of the Independent Greek Church (to
which many of the Galicians belong), who
122 Galician Mission
asked them what they intended to teach his
people. Miss Munro replied "We hope to
teach them to be Christians and good Canadians." "Good!" he said, "that is all right,"
and gave them a letter of introduction to
the chief men in the Greek church near
Pakan.
At Edmonton they purchased a horse and The Roads
buggy, and in company with two ministers
who were going out to their new fields, they
started on the seventy-five mile -drive to
Dr. Lawford's at Pakan. The roads in that
newly settled country are 'such as we never
see in Ontario—a mere trail, with deep
sloughs and broken bridges; but our brave
pioneers merely noted the fact and made no
complaint.
After one day's rest at Dr. Lawford's, Pros-
thej-started on a prospecting tour; and after Pectmg-
driving through several townships finally selected a place to build their home. The settlement consisted of 300 families, without
school or church or any provision whatever
for teaching the children. Few of the
people could read or write, and beyond a desire to learn to speak English they had little
ambition for themselves or their children.
It has been said that the Galicians and
Doukhobors are the least desirable of all the
immigrants that come to us, but the Greek
church people in Alberta are familiar with
Scripture stories, and the Bible is greatly
123 The Tent
Home.
Apt Pupils.
The Strangers
prized.     Their  ignorance  and  superstition
appeal strongly to the teachers we have sent.
The material for the Mission House—
lumber, brick, lime and hardware—had to
be floated down the river from Edmonton, a
distance of 100 miles. Living in a tent
and boarding their workmen, Miss Munro
and Miss Edmonds watched the erection of
their house, which, though small, has served
the purpose of home, school, preaching-place,
hospital and general comfort dispensary.
Sunday School was begun in the tent, and
possession of the house was had October 3rd,
1904. The school opened November 1st with
one pupil.
In two short years our Galician work has
outgrown the pioneering stage, for results
that can be tabulated rejoice the hearts of
the missionaries and the workers at home.
In the day school twenty were enrolled last
year, and by the regular attendants very
satisfactory progress was made. Reading,
writing and speaking in English have greatly
improved, and there is a marked advance
in neatness and cleanliness. There are five-or
six in the second book, and their understanding of English is said to be surprising.
It will not be long before, in many of the
homes, there will be a child ready to interpret in simple matters. The School Inspector, Mr. Fletcher, visits the school, and the
124 Galician Mission
government grant will be received, since two
of our missionaries, Miss Weekes, B.A., and
Miss Chace, are qualified teachers, and are
complying with the school regulations of the
Province.
The attendance at the Sunday School is Sunday
most encouraging, there having been as Schools.
many as thirty present, not counting the
very small children, or the men who come
for the after service. The children who
have advanced sufficiently to attempt Bible
reading are deeply interested. It is a great
thing to be the owner of a book and to be able
to read in it, which is beyond the highest accomplishment of the majority of the parents.
The older children have memorized the Lord's
Prayer, the twenty-third Psalm, the Commandments, selected portions of the Sermon
on the Mount, and many hymns; and as a
reward have been given Testaments. One
Sundays the thermometer stood at thirty below zero at eight o'clock a.m. At ten o'clock
there were present fourteen at Sunday School.
A second Sunday School was opened at Shan-
dro, seven miles distant, in October, 1905,
but without a day school the progress is
slower.
A night school for men and boys in winter,  Busy Lives.
women's meetings whenever possible, house
to   house   visiting   and   Bible   reading   all
through the settlement, with language study,
125 The Household.
Withdrawals and
New
Workers.
The Strangers
fill up the time of our two teachers, and of
Miss Cartwright, an evangelistic worker.
" Stenna," the little Russian helper in the
Home, has become an earnest Christian, and
is already useful as interpreter.
Twelve-year-old " Nicola," pupil, interpreter, stable-boy and general factotum, is the
only man of the house. We find our missionary family making merry with their
neighbors occasionally at afternoon teas, etc.,
all that they may win them to themselves,
and then to the better life.
Is not this the faith that removes mountains
of difficulty, of ignorance, of superstition ?
Miss Munro was obliged to retire from the
work because of ill-health, and Miss Edmonds withdrew at the end of her engagement, leaving the work to Miss Weekes, Miss
Cartwright, and Miss Chace. Dr. Lawford
preaches at " Wahstao" ("place from which
light radiates") and at Shandro, once in
three weeks.
Let those who are opposed to Foreign Missions undertake the solution of this problem
—the education and Christianization of the
foreign-speaking   people   in   our   own   Do-
126 CHAPTER XVI.
ITALIAN MISSION
THE only Mission, thus far, in Ontario,
to receive aid from our Society,
except through the Supply Committee, is the Italian Mission in Toronto.
Here we support a Bible woman, Miss Mar- The Bible
coni, and last year an appropriation of Woman.
$400.00 was made for kindergarten work.
Mrs. Treble has kindly donated the plant required to carry on kitchen-garden and domestic science for girls, and provides for the
expense of carrying on the school of domestic
science. From Miss Marconi's report we
select the following items:
" During the year I made 1,460 visits (in What She
the Italian homes) and got acquainted with D°es.
sixty families, which I visit regularly, trying
to persuade them to leave their old superstitions and to embrace the truth of the
Gospel. Last winter I had a class in Italian
for the children, and one for adults, each
three times a week. I visited the sick in
different hospitals twice a week, attended all
the services in the church and taught in
Sunday School.    My work in the homes
127 The Strangers
consists in assisting the sick, helping to find
houses, to find work, and in many other ways.
Whenever I can, I read the Bible to those
unable to read, and of late they pay much
attention to the Scriptures, and begin to
see more clearly about our religion, although
they are yet in the power of the priests. The
chief obstacle is that the children are punished by the priests and nuns when they find
them frequenting our Mission."
128 MISCELLANEOUS
Our Methods and Helps
In the Early Days
"Whom We Delight to
Honor "
Officiary
129 I CHAPTER XVII.
OUR METHODS  AND HELPS.
THE object of the details of this chapter
is to show that there is no haphazard
legislation by the Woman's Missionary Society, that the powers of the Board and
Executive are limited, and that any proposed
change must be accepted by the majority of
the Branches before it can become law.
The Constitution.—The benefits that came The Con_
to us with our charter, so to speak, were the stitution.
definite motive and   aim  contained  in  our JJow Jt
constitution,   along  with   general   rules for     rew'
the   guidance   and   control   of   our    work.
These rules determined the membership fee,
the annual meetings of Board and Branch,
the monthly meeting of Auxiliary Societies,
the relation of the Woman's Missionary Society to the General Society, and the relation of our Woman's organizations one to
the other.    These fundamental principles remain unaltered   to   the   present time,   and
cannot be changed except by a two-thirds vote
of the Board of Managers, after having been
discussed by all the Branches.    But notwithstanding the fence around our constitution
131 Miscellaneous
How
Changes
are Made.
Literature
and
Publication
Committee.
and by-laws, and the guard at the gate demanding that notice of any amendment must
be sent to our Branch allies before a change
can be effected, the minor points are subject
to annual attack, and our constitution and
by-laws as they stand to-day are the product
of almost numberless revisions and amendments. Indeed, if every resolution found in
our Annual Report could tell its story we
would find that it originated in the brain of
some earnest friend of missions, and that it
fought its way through Branch and Board
until it was shown to be for the good of the
Society.
It is the privilege of each Branch, District, auxiliary or individual member, to suggest changes to the Board, provided that
notice is sent to the Branches before the
Annual Meetings. At each Board meeting
much time is spent considering memorials
and resolutions, and every change that is
believed to be for the extension or strengthening of the work is adopted. Hence the
careful study and observance of all our rules
by all our members is reasonably expected.
The Literature and Publication Committee.—Improvement in our methods has
kept pace with the growth in our organization and work at home, in proof of which we
need only state that twenty-five years ago
we had no Literature and Publication Committee.
132 Our Methods and Helps
The very first step was taken at the third The First
Board meeting in 1884 when " the value of Report.
leaflets was recognized, and it was resolved
that Mrs. Gooderham and Miss Wilkes be a
committee to secure some for distribution
among auxiliaries." Special donations
towards the cost of leaflets and printed letters were then offered—three subscriptions
of $5.00 each. The next year this committee
reported as follows:
Receipts   $30.33
Expenditure     27.54
Balance     $2.79
The work of the Leaflet Committee was
not only to supply the existing demand for
missionary literature, but to create a greater
demand, and in this they were eminently
successful. For a time the Monthly Letter
Leaflet was sent free to auxiliaries, to ensure
its being received by all, and auxiliaries were
requested to send a contribution of at least
one dollar to the Literature Fund.
In 1888 the committee reported " whereas, Committee
the increasing demand for missionary liter- Enlarged,
ature makes some change necessary, therefore, resolved, that there be a Literature and
Publishing Committee to provide leaflets,
uniform programmes and other helps for
monthly and public meetings."
133 Miscellaneous
The response to the appeal for contributions to the Literature Fund was generous,
and hearty, and in 1890 it was decided that
each auxiliary should be responsible for the
number of Monthly Letters sent, and that a
uniform price should be charged, the method
of payment to be left to the auxiliaries.
An Office In 1891 the Literature Committee recom-
Required. mended that a room in Wesley Building be
secured from which mite-boxes, life-membership certificates and literature might be ordered, some one to be in charge. A room was
reported the following year, and the Annual
Report of 1893 refers to our Literature Depot
" Room 20." as "Boom 20." Our suggested programmes
for monthly meetings issued by the Literature Committee date from the beginning
of the year 1892-3. In 1894 the Board
passed " a resolution of appreciation of the
labors of the committee, and sincere thanks
to Miss Ogden for her unwearying devotion
to our work, and gratuitous services in Room
20, and to Miss MacCallum for the excellent
and carefully prepared suggested programmes."
Branch Early in the history of the New Bruns-
eP°ts- wick and Prince Edward Island Branch the
need of literature was felt, and in 1888 a
depository was opened in St. John, N.B.,
with Miss C B. Jordan in charge. In 1894
she became Mrs. Stewart and moved to Sack-
ville, N.B., where she continued the work
of this department.    By official action of
134 Our Methods and Helps
the Board in 1896 it was made a Branch
Depot for the Maritime Provinces. A
Branch Depot for literature in Western
Canada was also opened in Winnipeg, Manitoba, in 1896.
The arrangement by which auxiliaries can a Conve-
deposit one  dollar at  any of these  depots nient Plan.
for the suggested programme literature, and  Suggested
j.    o , Programme
receive a supply every month without fur- Literature,
ther order, has been a very great convenience
to a large number of subscribers, and the
literature provided for the programmes has
been >of incalculable value to auxiliaries.
For the year ending October, 1906, the
Secretary-Treasurer of the Literature Department reports as follows:
Receipts      $6,158.06
Expenditure         5,135.33
Balance   $1,022.73
Our Periodicals.—In 1886 Dr. Sutherland requested that a lady be appointed to
edit that part of the Outlook devoted to
woman's work, and Mrs. W. R. Parker was
accordingly appointed.
Also in this year  "the urgent need of News from
more definite information from the missions the Field,
assisted by our funds, led to the resolution
that each institution under the care of our
Society  be  requested  to  furnish  quarterly
reports."
135 Miscellaneous
' Outlook."
"Palm
Branch."
" Monthly
Letter."
In 1894 Mrs. Gordon Wright succeeded
Mrs. Parker as Associate Editor of the Outlook, continuing in office until 1904, when
she was succeeded by Miss MacCallum. The
largely increased circulation of the Outlook
is the best possible proof that this department
of effort is appreciated. The Outlook has
been twice enlarged.
Since 1891 The Palm Branch has been
published in the interests of Circles and
Bands edited first by Miss S. E. Smith,
St. John, N.B., and later by Mrs. W.
B. Coulthard, Fredericton, N.B., and Miss
L. Lathern, Halifax, N.S. By courtesy of
the Editors of the Christian Guardian and
the Wesleyan, one column is appropriated
each week to the use of the Society.
Very early in the history of the Society
it was realized that one of the most potent.
influences in awakening and maintaining an
intelligent zeal for the work would be the letters from our missionaries. At first these
were copied by a duplicating process and
distributed to the few existing auxiliaries,
but this method proving unsatisfactory, arrangements were made, at the third annual
meeting (1884) to have them printed. They
appeared first in leaflet form known as the
" Letter Leaflet," but in 1888 it was agreed
that they should be published monthly and
while the form remained unchanged, the
name changed to the " Monthly Letter."  In
136 Our Methods and Helps
1898 it became a four-page publication, and
the size was altered so as to permit the incorporation of the last three pages in the Outlook, as at present.
The seven years'  course of reading pro- A Seven
posed by the Ecumenical Council was ap- course of
proved by the Board and generally adopted Study,
by the auxiliaries, beginning with Via Christi
in 1900, and continued to the present time,
each year showing an increase in the sale
of the books and maps.
A large supply of literature on the sub-  Proportion-
ject of systematic and proportionate giving l^s^atjc
has been distributed and sold.    An exercise  Giving,
prepared  by  Mrs.   Wilmott,   Toronto,  met
with a very favorable reception, 20,000 copies
having   been   issued,   thus   proving   that
the subject is gaining deeper root in our
Society.
The Supply Committee.—At the Board Corn-
meeting in 1887 the committee on " Modes supply,
of Work " recommended " That in order to
equalize the distribution of supplies to missions, a Supply Committee be appointed with
whom missionaries wishing for goods, and
auxiliaries desiring to supply the same, shall
be requested to communicate, that the auxiliaries shall be credited with the goods sent,
but in no case shall the funds of the auxiliary be used for the purchase of material
or the payment of freight."
137 Miscellaneous
This recommendation was adopted, and has
since been the standing rule for this department of work. Though imposing heavy
duties upon the committee, especially the
Secretary, Mrs. William Briggs, it is admirably adapted to the needs of the situation,
proving a boon to our homes, schools and
frontier missions, and an outlet for the sympathy and activity of our auxiliaries, circles
and bands.
The Committee began its work by inviting
correspondence from missions needing help,
and auxiliaries and bands having goods to
bestow, and at first were startled by the
magnitude of the undertaking; so many needy
missions and no funds or goods on hand. It
was indeed a work of faith and " has proved
an important factor in bringing our Woman's
Missionary Society into favor."
It has become a proverb that if anything
is needed, from a quilt to a tent or an organ,
the Secretary will know just where to find
the same. With unwearying devotion, Mrs.
Briggs has given herself to this work since
1887, and the interesting reports whicji have
been furnished us from year to year tell a
story of God's providential leading, that must
stimulate the weakest faith.
That In this one department, at least, our mem-
RuTeSSary ^ers ^ave ^a^ *° ^e restramed from giving,
so strongly has the need of material things
appealed to their hearts.    Again and again
138 Our Methods and Helps
it has been necessary to emphasize the rule
I In no case shall the funds of the auxiliary
he used for the purchase of material or the
payment of freight."
Branch depots of supplies have been in
operation in British Columbia and in Nova
Scotia.
Self-Denial Week.—Another decision of
the Board meeting of 1887, important in
the light of subsequent history, was the
appointment of the first week in January
as a self-denial week, the funds thus raised
to be kept separate. This self-denial week
soon gave place to the Easter thank-offering
service, a department of our work that
appeals to the entire membership, apart
from its value as a source of income.
Training of Missionaries.—In 1893 the
following resolution was passed by the
Board:
" In view of the fact that a training school
for Christian workers is about to be established in connection with the Deaconess Home
in Toronto, and realizing that a preliminary
training would be extremely useful to those
accepted as candidates for the work, be it
resolved that each candidate be required to
attend the Training Home such time as the
Executive Committee shall specify, taking up
the course required in Theology, and actively
engaging in Christian work as directed by
the Superintendent of the school; the ex-
139
" Doing
Without.'
Training
Necessary. Miscellaneous
Care for
Our
Invalids.
Rest Fund.
penses of such training to be borne by the
Society when necessary." " Resolved that
this Board requires of the candidates for
our work that they pass a satisfactory examination in Biblical study, doctrines of the
Methodist Church and Catechism."
1898. " Resolved to furnish a room in
the new Deaconess Home and Training
School for the use of missionary candidates,
and that it be called l The Rebecca Williams
Room.' "
" Resolved that the Woman's Missionary
Society found a scholarship in the Deaconess,
Home and Training School, for the benefit
of missionary candidates, and that it be
called * The Strachan Scholarship.' "
It was recommended in 1901 and resolved,
" that candidates be expected to refund, in
instalments, their expenses borne by the Society in the Deaconess Home."
The Best Fund.—At the Board meeting
in 1900 the General Treasurer reported that
$2,240.00 had been subscribed for the
Woman's Missionary Society through the
Twentieth Century Thanksgiving Fund, of
which $1,737.00 had been paid. By a standing vote it was decided to place this amount
in a separate account, the income therefrom
to be used towards assisting invalid missionaries of the Society.
A committee was appointed to draft a
constitution,  correspond with our mission-
140 Our Methods and Helps
aries regarding the fund, and make inquiries
as to any action taken by other Woman's
Missionary Societies along this line, to report at the next meeting of the Board.
The following year it was decided " that The plan-
a constitution be prepared with the following
fundamental principles:
(a) That each missionary contribute ten
dollars per annum.
(b) That disbursements be in proportion
to length of term of service.
(c) That no missionary have any claim on
this fund who has not been a contributor
to it.
It was recommended that at the auxiliary
meeting nearest to Thanksgiving day a collection be taken for the " Rest Fund." Auxiliaries are credited with the amount contributed to this fund, which is to be sent to the
Branch Treasurer with other remittances.
In 1902 the Treasurer reported $4,545.00
to the credit of the " Rest Fund," including
the amount received from the Twentieth Century Fund.
In 1906 the sum total reported by-
Mrs. Ogden, " Rest Fund " Treasurer, was
$12,517.00.
District Organizers.—Since 1888 or '89, ^JJIL?^rt"
the  work   of  organizing  has  been  largely District
in the hands of district organizers, appointed Organizers,
by their respective branches.   The appointing
of an officer in each district, whose duty it is
141 ties.
Miscellaneous
to become acquainted with the needs and
possibilities of her special field, and as far
as possible to meet them, has added not only
to the extent but to the strength and permanence of our work.
^°sSiblli" ^e opportunities of a well-informed, en
ergetic organizer are almost limitless. She
is expected to care for the auxiliaries, circles
and bands of her district; visit and encourage the weak Societies, give them the benefit
of her experience in regard to methods; to
think, plan and pray for them, and help in
numberless ways as the individual cases may
require, and to present the claims of the
Society to the unorganized portion of her
field when the opportunity offers. The minister in charge is invariably consulted before
new work is begun.
Each auxiliary is expected to report annually to the organizer and to the Branch
Corresponding Secretary, also to furnish the
minister in charge with a financial report
for the May District Meeting. In each case
the amount reported must exactly correspond
with the amount remitted to the Branch
Treasurer.
Since 1890 the Annual District Convention
has become a feature of the district work.
The district organizer is expected to prepare
a summary of the auxiliary reports for the
Branch meeting.
142 Our Methods and Helps
Thank-
Offering.
Sources of Income.—Sources of income
are fees of annual and life members of Auxiliaries, Circles, Bands and Cradle Roll,
Easter thank-offering, mite-boxes, donations,
bequests, collections, contributions of associate helpers, and interest on deposits in the
Bank of Toronto.
This latter item has increased annually
from $12.24 in 1882 to $1,334.90 in 1906,
and totals $14,416.00 in twenty-five years,
the substantial result of gathering our
income before it is appropriated.
Easter Thank-Offering.—T he Easter Easter
thank-offering as a source of income is first
found in the General Treasurer's Report in
1894. It was a special offering for the
Woman's Hospital in Chentu, and amounted
to $1,892.00 from all the Branches. In 1897
envelopes with appeals for Easter thank-
offerings were sent out, resulting in large
increase to the funds. It has become one
of the most stable sources of income, and
whether the appeal is for some special field
or for the general work the response is uniformly liberal. In 1906 the Easter offering
was $11,854.00.
At the Board meeting in 1890 it was de- Day of
cided that the last Wednesday in September Prayer«
should be observed by auxiliaries as a special
Day of Prayer for the Society.
In 1891 Crusade Day was recommended. Crusade
Also in 1891 the Executive instructed the Day-
143 Miscellaneous
Woman's
Missionary
Sunday.
Corresponding Secretary to request the Conference to appoint one Sunday in the year
to be devoted to the interests of our Society,
to be known as Woman s Missionary Sunday.
Each Branch appoints a member to represent our Society at the Annual Conference,
and a quadrennial report is presented by the
Field Secretary to each General Conference.
Official Visits.—ha. 1892 Mrs. Gooder-
ham and Mrs. Strachan visited the Homes
and Schools of our Society in British Columbia and Japan. In 1905 a second visit was
made to the fields by Mrs. W. E. Ross, who
succeeded Mrs. Gooderham as President, and
Mrs. Strachan.
144 CHAPTER XVIII.
IN THE EARLY DAYS AND THE LATTER.
IN the early days of the Woman's Missionary Society its only claim upon the sympathy of the church was the fact that
it was an institution of the church, that its
aim was worthy and its motive pure. It was
like saying to its friends, " We do not know An Institu-
how well we can do this work, for it is new tjon °* the
to us, but if you will trust us with your
money we will do our best, and talk about
results in the future."
Then our hopes were dimmed by the
thought of the difficulties and obstacles to be
overcome—our faith was held in check by
the possibilities of defeat and failure. But
now, in the light of fulfilment and realization, the difficulties and disappointments,
and even the sorrows and dangers seem but
incidents in the onward course of a mighty
career. There have been no failures, no
defeat; only success, crowned with the manifest presence and favor of God.
We have not by any means reached our
goal—every woman in the church a member
of our Society—but every year has added to
145 Miscellaneous
Accomplishment.
Growing
Interest.
our strength numerically, financially and in
intelligent interest; the last four years showing the most decided advance along each
line. With a loyal membership of 42,841
auxiliary, circle and band members to celebrate our silver anniversary; and an income
of $93,346.00, we do not feel that our efforts
have been in vain. From the Atlantic to the
Pacific there is scarcely a District in a Methodist Conference, except in the newly settled
portions, where several auxiliaries are not in
operation; 946 auxiliaries and 545 circles
and bands, meeting each month in the year,
make an aggregate of 17,892 meetings for
study of a uniform, • suggested programme,
and for prayer.
The subscription lists of the Outlook, Palm
Branch and Monthly Letter, show a very encouraging increase, and interest in the United
Study of Missions is also growing. Our
members are earnestly looking for the best
methods, and faithfully trying to carry out
the suggestions of Board and Branch officers.
If we could be assured that during the
next quarter of a century every auxiliary
member would make a careful study of the
Annual Beport, and become a systematic, proportionate giver, we would be perfectly satisfied with the prospect.
146 CHAPTER XIX.
WHOM  WE   DELIGHT  TO  HONOR.
THE work of our Society has called
into exercise the best gifts of many
women, whose names are revered by
their contemporaries, notably the late Mrs. Mrs.
James Gooderham, who for fifteen years Gooderham.
held the important post of President of the
Woman's Missionary Society. When the
Society was founded, Mrs. Gooderham
heartily entered into the work of organization, and when the first auxiliary was
formed in Toronto, on January 4th, 1882,
she became the first President, and was also
appointed President of the whole Society at
its first Anniversary in 1882, and continued
to occupy the position till the year 1897,
when she resigned.
She entered heart and soul into the work,
and did everything in her power to promote
its interests. Much of her time and money
was devoted to the cause, and she was unceasing in prayer for its success. When the
Society was in its infancy, and many difficulties had to be overcome, its marked and
steady progress was aided and stimulated by
her energy and wise counsel.
147
l Miscellaneous
In 1887 Mrs. Gooderham and Mrs. W.
T. Aikins contributed $1,000.00 to open a
second boarding-school in J apan, at Shid-
zuoka, similar to the one already doing such
good work in Tokyo.
In 1892 Mrs. Gooderham, accompanied
by Mrs. Strachan, and without expense to
the Society, went to Japan, in order to become more familiar with, and have a greater
insight into, the work. They visited some
of the Indian Schools in British Columbia
also, thus bringing cheer to the hearts of
the missionaries, and to the workers at home.
Her zeal never lessened in this great work
for the extension of God's Kingdom, till He
called her to her reward, on Sunday,
September 16th, 1906.
Mrs.
Williams.
IN writing the history of the work of
the Woman's Missionary Society, we
would consider it incomplete without
reference being made to Mrs. John A.
Williams, the wife of the late General
Superintendent of the Methodist Church,
" who was from its earliest years a wise,
active, and devoted member of the Society,
recognizing its grand possibilities, and helping in many ways to give them form and
life. This was especially noticeable in the
resolution adopted in 1887, placing the
Supply Committee on its present basis, and
which was formulated by her."
148 Whom We Delight to Honor
Mrs, Williams was for several years
President of the London Branch, and afterwards was elected President of the Toronto
Branch, thus giving her the opportunity of
coming in contact with, and using her influence over, many people, who felt that they
were greatly helped by her wise leadership
and earnest prayers.
She strongly believed in the practice of
Tithing, maintaining that it was formulated
by God, and long before the Society adopted
the plan of Tithing, Mrs. Williams lived
up toH;he command, " Bring ye all the tithes
into the storehouse," remarking,
" There it is, God meant something. He
was not trifling when He said it."
Having lived close to her Master, and
faithfully done all the work for Him her
hands found to do, she was ready when the
call came to go and be " Forever with the
Lord." She entered her heavenly home on
January 20th, 1905, having reached her
77th year.
TO the one woman who has held office
continuously. from   the   day   of   the
organization  of  our  Society  to  the
present  time,  we  owe  more  than  passing
mention.
One of the pleasing events of our Twenty-
fifth Board Meeting was the presentation of
an   address,   from   the   Executive   of   the
149 Miscellaneous
Woman's Missionary Society, to our beloved
Mrs. Mrs.  Strachan,  the efficient  Corresponding
Strachan. Secretary of our Society for twenty-five
years. The address was beautifully illuminated, and adorned with water-color sketches
of our " Homes " and Boarding-schools, and
read as follows:
" Dear Mrs. Strachan,—
" If it were possible to crystallize in a few
sentences the regard of a multitude of personal friends, and of the many thousand
women who love you for your work, without having known you personally, we would
delight in presenting this address; but it is
with a sense of the utter inadequacy of
words to express our love, appreciation and
obligation, that we attempt an impossible
task. We do not like to think what it would
have meant to the world if one woman had
stifled her desire for usefulness, and said
' No' to the Master's call for workers. Our
work could never have been the same.
" For twenty-five years, without a touch of
self-seeking or a desire for prominence or
power, you have given your thought, your
time and strength, without reserve, to our
growing work. Our missionaries, our native
workers, our Christian girls, our Auxiliaries,
Circles and Bands must seem like your very
own, for certainly to a larger measure than
to any other member of our Society, these
sheaves belong to you.
150 Whom We Delight to Honor
"We are thankful that this is not a farewell,
and we earnestly pray that you may have
the continued joy of service, and that we may
have the benefit and inspiration of your
helpful, beautiful life for many years to
come."
151 OFFICERS
OF THE
BOARD OF MANAGERS
1881-1906
Presidents:
Mrs. Alexander Burns   1881-1882
Mrs. James Gooderham   1882-1897
Mrs. W. E. Ross   1897-....
Vice-Presidents:
1881-1882
Mrs. John Macdonald, Toronto.
Mrs. Howard Sprague, Frederieton, N.B.
Mrs. G. P. McKay, Lefroy.
Mrs. M. Fawcett, Searboro.
Mrs. Jeffery, Port Hope.
Mrs. Bascom, Uxbridge.
Mrs. Fowler, Listowel.
Mrs. Wm. Boioe, Hamilton.
Mrs. H. Clarke, Hamilton.
Mrs. J. Lister, Hamilton.
By Election
Mrs. S. F. Huestis, Halifax, N.S., 1882-1884.
After the Union of the Societies
Mrs. A. Carman, Belleville 1885-	
By Viftue of Office
The Presidents of Branches.
Recording Secretaries:
Mrs. D. B. Chisholm, Hamilton 1881-1887
Mrs. J. B. Willmott, Toronto 1887-1895
Mrs. George Kerr, Toronto 1895-1901
Mrs. A. M. Phillips, Toronto .1901-	
Corresponding Secretary:
Mrs. E. S. Strachan, Hamilton ... .1881-	
152 Officers of the Board of Managers
Treasurers:
Mrs. F. W. Watkins, Hamilton 1881-1884
Mrs. J. M. Rosebrugh, Hamilton . .1884-1890
Mrs. Thos. Thompson, Toronto 1890-1898
Miss Mareella Wilkes, Toronto 1898-	
Vice-Presidents:
By virtue of office.
London Conference or Western Branch
Organised 1882.
Mrs. J. A. Williams  1882-1886
Mrs. A. Burns 1886-1899
Mrs. Gordon Wright 1899-1901
Mrs. J. H. McMechan  1901-1903
Mrs. Gordon Wright 1903-	
Toronto Conference or Central Branch
Organized October 1882.
Mrs. T. W. Jeffrey 1882-1884
Mrs. Dawson Kerr 1884-1887
Mrs. J. A. Williams 1887-1894
Mrs. J. B. Willmott 1894-	
Montreal Conference or Eastern Branch
I1883.
Mrs. W. J. Shaw   1883-1884
Mrs. W. E. Boss 1884-1897
Mrs. T. G. Williams 1897-	
Nova Scotia Conference Branch
Organised 1884.
Mrs. George H. Starr 1884-1885
Mrs. S. F. Huestis 1885-1888
Mrs. S. A. Tuttle ..1888-1889
Mrs.  MacCoy   1889-1893
Mrs. S. E. Whiston 1893-1904
Mrs. J. Wesley Smith  1904-	
153 Officers of the Board of Managers
New Brunswick and Prince Edward
Island Branch
Organised 1885.
Mrs. Hill, St. Stephen, N.B 1885-1886
Mrs. Shenton, Charlottetown 1886-1887
Mrs. McMichael, St. John 1887-1892
Miss F. E. Palmer, St. John 1892-1897
Mrs. J. D. Chipman, St. Stephen . .1897-	
British Columbia Branch
Organized 1891.
Mrs. Coverdale Watson 1891-1893   .
Mrs. Sexsmith 1893-1894
Mrs. Coverdale Watson 1894-1895
Mrs. J. F. Betts  .1885-	
Central Branch
Divided into the Toronto and Bay of Quinte
Conference Branches, 1893.
Bay of Quinte Conference Branch
Mrs. A. Carman 1893-1896
Mrs. G. D. Piatt 1896-	
Western Branch
Divided into London and Hamilton Conference
Branches, 1894.
Hamilton Conference Branch
Mrs. T. W. Jackson  1894-	
Manitoba Branch
Organised 1895.
Mrs. G. H. Young  1895-	
Manitoba Branch
Divided, and North-West Branch organised 1904.
Mrs. J. Dolmage 1904-....
154    University of British Columbia Library
DATE DUE
1
FORM No. 310 Bv ?Lf 10
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