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Kamloops and District mining gazette : a monthly journal devoted to the mining interests of the district… Kamloops and District mining gazette 1899

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 lUfjd     Subscription, $1 per Year.
!\an)Ioops aod District
ininê
azetfe.
©  ; " ®   e-.ti^^pt-© •'"  - ô
J[ 9tf[ontR[y   (journal devoted to the Satining Xnterests
of the district of 32ortk %aCe,
British Columbia.
« 9 ® <B 6>
PUBLISHED BY W. W. CLABKE & F. E. YGUM.
November -   1899.
II. -       -        Issued Monthly.
THE KAMLOOPS DRUG CO., Ld.
No.
Pirst-Olass Druggists and
Dispensers   ""*^^
We keep only one quality of Drugs
and that is the BEST.
W. E. McCARTNEY, President and Manager.
KAMLOOPS,  B.C.
PRINTED    AT  THE      STANDARD" OFFiOE, KAMLOOP8, 8. O.  B Œborougbls ÏÏivsUGiass Ibotcl     ^  IRates tfrom $1.00  to  $2.00
for Jfamtt.es and Commercial dfcen.   W* per H>ag.
....Moitfwal
About 50 Yards from the Station.
Kamloops, B.C.
IRapoleon "Xatremouille, prop.
««NEAREST HOTEL TO THE K. M. 5 A. A. HALL.»-
Grand Pacific Hotel,
Kamloops, B.C. ^^^
T"HE Nearest House to the Railway
\     Station.      The   only   convenient
Hotel for Railway Travellers.    Good
Rooms.    Good Table.   Good Liquors.
EXCELLENT   STABLING   IN   CONNECTION.
DUPONT & CORNING,     -   -   -   -     Props.
Queen's Hotel, miKfra
Brick Building Throughout. Comfortable Accommodation. Good table.
Electric Lighting. Latest Sanitary
Arrangements. Stabling Unsurpassed.
Splendid View of the Thompson
River.
John   Latremouille,   = =   Prop. Have you tried our Teas and Coffees?
J F   NOT,   WHY   NOT?
Our Orange Pekbe and Monsoon
Teas earmold fee beaten, and our
Java and Mocha Coffee is simply
delicious.
Marshall AJToqkslU
XME      F-AIVIIl-Y
GROCE ISSw.
Thos. Hornby
jag THE    PléftEER
Sfe" STABLES.
KAMLOOPS,   B. C.
<S~*ïS-VS^©>îSï*-9
Transfer and-   W^%
■■■•im:-.v:-sa ■saaii ■■ wiiV^i^^BPs..... Hay? Oats, etc
Express. S?a,J?nd
Best Cumberland Blacksmith's Coal.
COLONIAL    HOTEL,
MAIN STREET, KAMLOOPS.
^| Hra&qtïatfteîs fort Bfospec^p^^gd Mining Men. L
«|g|l ; Comfortable Accommodation.    Excellent Cui§|ne. ^*
™ Choîcè^Stc^'of Lienors.   Rates $i per day. ®*
J. A. Lavery, - - - Prop. J. Rrliull& Co,
WHOLESALE                                     BUT CD'hi \
bas»     fcrâs^  %SÏ«.
AND RETAIL                                ^^ \_  _
DEALERS  IN BEEF, PO
JCVllLç Vilye
All orders in our Line Promptly Filled.
Highest Price Paid for Hides and Skins.
MAW STREET    ---    -    KAMLOOPS, B. O
T. COSTLEY'S
H^vW^VnVyVyVvVvVyVvVvVvW>/vWvV^
First-Glass   Driving   and   Riding   Horses at
Reasonable Rates.
T. COSTLEY, Proprietor,
KAMLOOPS, B. C.
H Minersf Attention
FOR A,
Hair-Cut» Steve or Rath
?3J™ James L Brown's b^rsisdhV Hudson's Bay Co.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN^
GROCERIES, PROVISIONS,
DRY GOODS, LIQUORS,
CLOTHING, BOOTS and SHOES,
PROSPECTORS' pppinw mmimp m»
and MINERS'      mU^WH lJilHlO, JiiU.
STORES AT
WINNIPEG, KAMLOOPS, CALGARY,
VANCOUVER,' EDMONTON, VICTORIA,
AND   OTHER    POINTS.
Sent) ©our Sssaçins to_
^#^JfaboratoFY
Kamloops,  B.C.,
REDMAN & OUTHETT,
METALLURGICAL CHEMISTS,
MINING ENGINEERS. KAMLOOPS MINING GAZETTE.
IRamloops fHMnine <Ba3ette.
NOVEMBER.     1899.
No. 11
What We Think.
The past month has not seen very
much change in the prospects of the
prospects of ihe camp. Although
at the same time development work
has been going on steadily on quite
a number of prospects with most encouraging results. From the Python, Kimberly, and Copper King,
all of which are working, we have
received the very best reports, and
there is no doubt but that these
three mines will turn out well.
There are rumours to the effect
that Miss Joussaye has bonded the
Iron Mask but nothing definite can
be ascertained at present. The Python management are enthusiastic
over the shewing in their workings
and will have another shipment
of ore ready shortly. Taking everything into consideration we think
that the camp is to be congratulated
on the progress made which though
slow, owing to the want of outside
capital, is none the less sure.
A step in the right direction is the
appointment by the B. C. Inland
Board of Trade of a mining committee and the placing of show cases
for mineral specimens outside the
Government offices.* We would
suggest that a case of specimens be
prepared and placed in some prominent position in Vancouver. It is
surprising how little, people in Vancouver, know about our mines, and
nearly every mining man that comes
to this country visits the terminal
city.
Local Claims.
Messrs. Colquhoun and Monkcton
have a force of men working on
their property on Criss Creek.
J. P. Dillon has been working on
the Mona claim and has uncovered
a lead 34 inches wide of solid copper
and magnetite.
L. W. Nestelle has been doing
work on the Dewey group. A tunnel has been driven over 90 fcjet on
a vein of chalcopyrite and cha'cocite
assaying high in copper   and gold.
Assayes from the Polestar on
Noble's Creek show $19 in gold and
$24 in silver. The ore from which
the assay was made is from a ledge
from 8 to 12 feet in w idth.
Mr. G. F. Monckton of Sa -vouas
writing to the Canadian Mining
Gazette says ; Mining is rather quiet
in this locality at present. No considerable amount of outside capital
has come in during the past year,
and the residents have, therefore,
had to develop the mines themselves.
Notwithstanding this a fair amount
of work is being  âccompliehed.
The Pothook, the one mine which
has had the advantage of outside
capital, has closed down pending
the erection of new hoisting plant,
and the construction of a large concentrator, and tramway leading to
it is talked of. The main shaft is
now 350 feet deep, and some of the
drifts 300 feet long. There is no
doubt that a very large body of low
grade copper ore has been opened
up. KAMLOOPS MINING GAZETTE.
The Python is now being developed, and is proving in every way
worthy of the anticipations entertained of it. The main shaft is 100
feet in depth, and at the end of a
drift 90 feet long, 55 feet below the
surface, a crosscut is being put in,
which it is intended to carry on until the walls are found. The. vein
has been found on the surface west
of the shaft to be over 30 feet in
width, and is known to be at least
10 feet wide at the bottom, but as
neither wall has yet been struck, it
is likely to be much wider. The
value of the property has been enormously sustained by the fact that,
within titie last few weeks, trenches
cut through solid rock east of the
shaft have exposed the vein. The
first 2,000 feet from the shaft does
not shew either wall, but the vein
is in it over 60 feet wide. It carries
some copper and gold, but is much
oxidized. The second, trench has
exposed a vein cropping 1,000 feet
east of this, but the rock is much
altered. This vein has now been
traced over 5,000 feet, which is
go 3d shewing for the amount of
work done. It is intended to crosscut the vein from drift at the bottom of the shaft. A carload of ore
has been shipped, valued at 8 per
cent copper and 4% gold per ton,
which should give the company nearly $10 net per ton. So far as the
work has proceeded it reflects great
credit on Manager Wood, and everything points to the property becoming a great mine.
A. Noble, has just finished assessment work on the Mollie Gibson, a
very promising gold property, adjoining the Homestake on Jamieson
Creek.
Mr. Outhett has received a communication from the Provincial
Board of Examiners of Assayers to
the effect that in his case examination will be waved, as his credentials
show an efficiency that is quite up
to their high standard. Mr. Outhett
has received a thorough training
both at the Royal School of Mines,
London, Eng., and at the Royal
College of Science.
A large shipment of bullion arrived in Ashcroft last week from the
Cairboo   Hydraulic   mine.
The first meeting of the Minii g
Committee appointed by the B. C.
Inland Board of Trade was held in
the Council Chambei on Tuesday
November 21st. There were present
J. Redman, F. J. Fulton, H. G. Ashby, Dr. M. S. Wade and E. T. W.
Pearse, secretary. The following
resolutions were passed :
That the secretary obtain imfor-
mation from other Boards of Trade
in B. C. and Washington as to the
scope of the work done by their
Mining Committees.
That the B C. Inland Board of
Trade be requested to secure a room
for the exhibition of mineral specimens and mining literature.
That the secretary provide and
open a register for the registration
of local mining properties, and particulars thereof, such as location,
price, amount Of development work
done, terms, names of owners or
agents.
That the secretary write to F. J.
Deane M. P. P. requesting that the
Mining Committee shall be sent:
copies of proposed new mining legislation. -
KAMLOOPS MINING GAZETTE.
Mr. W. W. Clarke writes us from
London, that the Kamloops mineral
exhibit at Harris's, 418 Strand, is
attracting a lot of at tention. He regrets that there is no exhibit of this
sort for the whole of British Columbia, in some prominent place. He
finds that people are eager and willing to enquire into our resources,
but other colonies and people are so
busy spreading out the advantages
of their localities and properties, as
a field for investment, that we
stand nowhere, in the race after
capital. His little exhibit has attracted enquiries and letters innumerable from persons seeking
further knowledge of the prospects
of this locality, and if only this was
/attended to by an authorized Government Agent, British capital
would slowly but surely find its
way to this country, for investment.
O. Redpath is working on his
Jamieson Creek property the Home-
stake. This is one of the properties which is going to make a mine,
and is attracting considerable attention from mining men.
Mr. Chris Outhett of the firm of
Redman & Outhett, Metallurgical
Chemists and Mining Engineers, is
now duly qualified as an Assayer
according to the provisions of the
Bureau of Mines, Act 1899.
Messrs. Redman & Outhett, report that notwithstanding the temporary closing down of the Pothook,
considerable activity prevails
throughout the camp. 'Work on
many prospects will be continued
through the winter, and there are
several important deals on the tapis.
While secrecy is   being  preserved,
it is generally known that one at
least will materialize before tho
spring.
The Glen Iron mine has started to
work again, shipping ore to the
Nelson smelter.
Work will shortly re-commence
on the Hecla Group, The shaft is.
down 30 feet. Assays from mm
bottom averaged 7% per cent, copper and $2.00 in gold with some silver. The shaft will be put down 60
feet, when the vein will be crosscut.
Boillot Bros, are pushing work on
the Hill-top group. An extensive
series of cross cuts are being made,
shewing immense bodies of   quartz.
James Wright has just completed
his assessment work on the Bluebird group, situated on Shuswap
lake, near Sicamous. Several - massive veins of pyrrhotite have been
opened carrying good copper-gold
values. No. (1) sample carried
$14.50; No. (2) $17.00 and No. (3)
$21.00 in copper and gold at the
current smelter prices. These
veins are very similar to the Rossland ores.
Mr. T. H. Mathews is going to create a boom in the Kamloops camp
next sprir g. While prospecting in a
creek near Kamloops the name and
locality of which he has wisely withheld from pnblishing, he was lucky
enough to find a nugget of gold,
worth about $5.00. Owing to the
lateness of the season, he does not
intend doing any further prospecting this fall, but next spring he will
thoroughly prospect the creek, and
is confident that he has got a youn g
Klondike. KAMLOOPS MINING GAZETTE.
Work on the Kimberley is being
pushed on rapidly. Capt. Garland
of North Bend and Atlin, was in
town last we( k inspecting the property, in which he is interested, and
expressed himself as being very
well pleased with the shewing
Active development work will be
continued thronghout the winter.
Seventeen feet of clean ore has been
gone through up to the present time,
the face of the tunnel being still in
the vein.
THE MINING RECORDS.
Cyclops-6 miles S >uth of Kam
loops, G. D. Harrison and P. Herod ;
November 1.
Noonday (fractional)—adj. Noonday, O. S. Batchelor ; Nov. 4.
Null-1% miles N. E. of Ducks,
Geo. Wilson ; Nov. 4.
Woodbine—9 miles. W. of Kamloops, Theo. Brookfield ; Nov, 4.
Nilson (fractional)-W. of Perci
val's ranche, Grand Prairie, John
Stewart ; Nov. 9.
Lucky Girl-5 miles S. W. of Kamloops, % mile N. of Jacko Lake,
Mrs. Victor Guillaume ; Nov. 9.
Trump (fractional)-adj. O. K., F.
Harding ; Nov. 9.
Dandy Fifth-S. side of Dandy,
Jacko Lake, C. Outhett. Nov. 9.
Black Horse-8 miles S. of Kamloops, J. C. Donaldson ; Nov. 9.
Glencoe~8 miles S. of Kamloops,
R. Blair ; Nov.9.
Cassie Turner—Jamieson Creek,
20 miles from N. Thompson River.
A. W. Haddock ; Oct. 2.
Anaconda—on Scotch Creek, M.
Mclntyre ; Nov. 11.
Monarch-on Scotch Creek, J.
Mclntyre ; Nov. 11.
Canada—on Scotch Creek, D. Mc
Intyre ; Nov. 11.
Eureka-on Scotch Creek, A. McRae
November 11,
Golconda—on Scotch Creek, D.
Mclntyre ; Nov. 11.
C. B. -on Scotch Creek, C. D.
Algar ; Novemder 11.
Wheal Tamar (fractional)—Jacko
Lake, adj. Wheal Tamaa, O. S.
Batchelor ; Nov. 11.
Lilly—7 miles N. of Shuswap, P.
K. Behusen;Nov.l3.
Sunny North—Adams Lake Valley
Dan Campbell ; Nov. 17.
Eliza Jane—as above,  J. R. Hull ;
Great Iron Cap—as above, H. W.
Lees ; November 17.
Tontine-Sugar Loaf, adj. Chieftain, J. M. Harper; Nov. 1$.
Barney—on Coal Hill 4 miles from
Kamloops,   W. W. Wood ; Nov.  22.
Hilltop (fractional) -on Coal Hill,
adj. Python, W. W. Wood ; Nov. 21.
ASSESSMENT  WORK.
Baryta-J. A. Mara.
Truth, Dakota, Hope and Jennie,
Truth Mining Coy.
Cowboy-R. H. Winney.
Goodenough— J. H. Hill.
Bessie-J. H.Morrison.
Hill Top-Hill Top Mining Coy-
Little Jem- Messrs. Stephenson,
Costley and Vaer.
Blue Bird~J. Wright and John
McLeod.
Molly Gibson—A. Noble.
Bill Nye-J. A. Lavery.
Last Rose of Summer-Hecla
Mining   Coy.
Finance-W.   G.    Merryweather.
Dispatcher—A, M. Graves and J.
H. Woodside.
Transvaal-J. C. Arnell.
Ray-L. Blair. KAMLOOPS MINING GAZETTE.
0   Mining Districts near Kamloops   A
^ Lake, British Columbia.
x By O. F. nonckton.
(Continued from last issue.)
Due north of this mine lie the
Trent and some other claims in
which copper occurs in the same
kind of rocks, which at one period
were evidently united to those of
Cherry Bluff. Cinnabar and copper
also occur there in dolomite. The
granite wherever it carries copper is
considerably altered and traversed
by veins of dolomite and lime. On
the Trent claim, the principal deposits of copper seem to run irregularly through zones of decomposed
granite, which are heavily charged
with iron pyrites. The strike is
north and south, the dip being
nearly vertical, and their character
is somewhat altered where they are
crossed by the calcareous veins,
which lie nearly flat.
Before leaving this area of gab-
bros and diorites, the writer may
say that it would seem as if all the
ore deposits in them are veins of replacement, the vein filling.of which
has been deposited by thermal
waters rising along the line of fissures in the gabbro and kindred
rocks. These waters would replace
the calcareous components of the
country rock by oxides of iron,
which were probably derived from
the pyroxene of the same rocks,
ïhe copper would be obtained from
volcanic rocks in the district.
Hornblende and labradorite would
provide a large quantity of lime, and
would thus be largely the source of
the lime veins. Magnetite occurs
in grains disseminated through the
rocks of Cherry Bluff. The veins
usually have one well defined  wall,
which is the line of the original fissure through which the heated vapours ascended, one wall being indistinct, and the scanty evidence
which we have before us at present
gives reason to believe that the ore
will be found to cross over to the
other side of the wall, as the solutions found it easier to decompose
the rock on that side of the fissure.
One such well marked instance may
be seen at the Glen iron-mine. The
writer way say, however, that
there are other theories. One old
miner has informed him that the
mountains are hollow, ani that the
metalliferous solutions are boiling
and "sizzling* ' inside still. We
have notas yet sunk or drifted far
enough to prove the truth of this
opinion, but perhaps some "bloated
capitalist" in the old country will
undertake this somewhat dangerous
operation. If these subterranean
furnaces could be safely tapped, we
should have another source of heat
for industrial purposes.
Copper Creek.—The developments
on Coal Hill and Cherry Bluff have
not so far afforded us sufficient data
for forming theories as to the influence exerted on the formation of
ore-bodies by different rocks and
contacts, which to some degree detracts from the influence that scien-
tiffc men would take in those area*3.
This is not, however, the case with
the Copper creek district. Here it
is well seen what are the rocks affecting the deposition of ores, and it
seems as if any work done along
certain contacts which are barren
when first attacked will show up
ore, although not necessarily paying
quantities. The writer will deal
first with the copper ores of the district, as the   consideration   of   the KAMLOOPS MINING GAZETTE.
phenomena attendant on the occurrence of cinnabar will lead us further afield. The portion of the district carrying copper ores is a small
one, lying immediately east of
Copper creek and forming Lookout
Point, 850 feet above the lake. The
extent of it is about 1 square mile.
Copper is known outside of this,
but no deposits of note have been
found.. The formation is of Tertiary age, and originally consisted
of stratified tuffs and arkose, the
greater part of which belongs to the
Tranquille beds. These are intersected by dykes and sheets of basalt
and porphyry. The tuffs have been
so contorted that their dips and
strikes vary every few feet.
Through them a dyke of augite
porphyry has been thrust. Its direction is nearly north, its dip almost vertical and to the east. It
throws out some smaller dykes running nearly at right angles. Its
thickness will average 800 feet.
This dyke, as well as the beds of
ash, is intersected by a sheet of basalt, dipping 45 degrees east and
throwing out numerous vertical or
nearly vertical dykes. This basalt
is the ore-bearer of the camp. The
ore-bodies of importance, so far as
known, are all actually upon or
close to the contact of the basalt
and porphyry. The basalt itself
carries some copper at almost every
point. Both of these rocks carry
the metal at the -contact, distinct
veins of quartz in them being of
very secondary importance. The
porphyry is traversed by numerous
such small veins, usually carrying
grey copper.
The principal work has been done
on the El Progresso and Tenderfoot
claims.     In both these areas, ore is
being followed which lies along the
contact of the basalt and porphyry.
That in the porphyry is bornite,.
while much of that in the basalt is
copper pyrites. One of the principal paystreaks is a narrow dike of
basalt which has been shattered and
re-cemented with veinlets of lime.
The El Progresso carries a good
proportion of gold, while 4 tons
shipped from a 6 inches vein of dolomite in the Tenderfoot claim
yielded copper 21.97 per cent and
some gold and silver. In the El
Ultimo, a dike carries bornite where
it is traversed by quartz veins. In
the Caledonia a decomposed dike
holds some native copper. The
composition of this is probably peri-
dotite, but it is so rotten that this is
not easily ascertained. In the
gulch below, much native copper
occurs from the denudation of this.
No doubt this is where the^ Indians
obtained their copper, on account
of which they called the stream
hard by Copper creek. The dike
does not seem to contain any appreciable quantity of the   metal   now.
Near this, on the Last Chance, is
a quartz vein containing molybdenite associated with copper pyrites.
The copper of this area is no doubt
derived from the underlying nicola
rocks as they are traversed by numerous small veins -of copper pyrites of high grade, the metal in
which was gathered up by the
heated waters attending the intrusion of the basalt and «porphyry, deposited in the fissures opened in
them during the period of their
cooling. It is very likely that the
granite eastward of the creek had
partially concentrated the copper
previous to the intrusion of these
volcanic rocks. There is reason to
suppose that this granite belongs to
the end of the nicola period. This
would explain why the metal is only
found in appreciable quantities
over such a limited area. Nearly
all the later Tertiary dikes in this
area contain some copper.
Copper occurs west of Ma mit lake
in black basaltic rock at its contact
with   porphyry.     Shipments   have KAMLOOPS MINING GAZETTE.
yielded 9 per cent., and it seems to
be irregularly distribuoed throngh
the rock. The surface soil is very
heavy in tùat localisy. It also occurs on Criss creek and Degdman
river, and Jacko lake on the South
side of the granitic area of Coal
Hill seems to be destined to take a
prominent place. Intrusive volcanic rocks of later date are there in
contacn with the gabbros. It is
note-worthy that nearly all the deposits of copper are near outcrops of
the Tranquille ash beds.
Copper Creek*—On the west side
of    Copper     Creek   is   a   zone   of
* Trans. Inst. M. E., vol. xiii., page   3,
H. Merritt.
dolomites   and   porphyries    which
overlies the cold   water conglomer- j
ales.    In irregular quartz   and   cal-
cité veins through these cinnabar is
found.    The   general   direction   of
the veins is north and south.    Cm- j
nabar is found in the country rock j
as well as in the veins.    A   consid- j
érable sum has been spent  at   the j
mouth of the   creek   in   mining   in !
these   rocks    without    success.    A
furnace was built to treat the low-1
grade ore with the result   that   one
may now wash quicksilver   in   the
creek below it.    Parallel levels were
driven into the mountain  side,   and
the works   now  resemble   a   huge |
rabbit warren.    Under   the   earlier
management they   produced  7,865
lbs. of quicksilver trom   high-grade
ore.    This quicksilver zone extends
for a great distance,   crossing   Copper creek higher up,   where   it   is
a^ain found to contain cinnabar   at
Hardie mountain.    In that  locality
it occurs disseminated in   dolomite
and in an altered rock   which   appears to be volcanic ash, also in rich
little veins traversing these,   and in
the channels of extinct hot   springs.
The best ore is a   brecciated quartz
cemented with lime   on   this   same
zone, cinnabar was   discovered   by I
Mr. A. J.   Colquhoun   at   Toonkwa
lake last   year.    This   place  is   121
miles south of Savonas.    There   is |
but little rock   showing,   but   the
zone appears to be   of   considerable
width.    Between these   two,   near
Kamloops lake, dolomite and dolo-
mitized rocks about 1,000 feet wide
j are seen at several points to carry
j cinnabar. Throughout the upper
part of the Nicola series, especially
near the west end of Kamloops lake,
a little cinnabar may be found.
North of Copper creek, on Criss
creek and Deadman river it occurs
in the Tertiaries, and there seems
to be a most promising district
about 3 miles up Criss creek, where
the z:me of cinnabar bearing dolomites run nearly north and lie near
granite. This zone lies west of the
other, but may be the same one
faulted. It is noteworthy that the
Copper creek zone has at one end
two small areas of granite and in
the immediate neighborhood of
Hardie mountain mines another
granitic area. In the granite of
Copper creek some cinnabar occurs.
Near-the Trent mine cinnabar is
found in dolomite close to another
granite area.
The dolomites containing cinnabar have been traced by Mr. Colquhoun 10 miles north of their occurrence on Criss creek. These dolomites may be in part the result of
alteration of other rocks, but would
seem from their permanence and
the fact that they coincide with the
line of strike and dip of the bedded
rocks of the district, to be in part
at least a sedimentary formation.
The strata of the district are
throughout so heavily faulted that
it is extremely difficult to classify
them. The work of the Geological
Survey in this district is very rough,
(probably on account of the great
area to be traversed by a very small
party), especially in the outlying
distdicts, Criss creek, for instance,
but affords a good groundwork on
which to base observations. f
KAMLOOPS MINING GAZETTE.
In conclusion, the writer may say
that while this district is new and
but little work has been done it
should come into prominence rapidly as development is pushed, transportation being so easily available
The cost of mining will, of course
vary with the rock, but sinking a
9 feet by 5 feet shaft costs £3 in dolomite, £4 in porphyries and gab-
bros, and £7 in basalts and the
harder granites. Drifting costs per
foot in dolomite, 16s. ; in porphyries and gabbros, £1 ; in basalts anc.
granites, £2. Treatment calls for
an expenditure of £2 10s. per ton,
including freight, in the case of copper ores which have to be shippec.
400 miles, and the copper is paid for
at three-fifths the market price.
Cinnabar ore should be treated for
4s. per ton so that one-tenth of 1 per
cent, should pay for treatment at
present prices.
Conglomerates and Placers.
In addition to deposits of metallic
minerals in veins, gold is found
within this area in conglomerates of
Tertiary age, and also in gravel
which in part dates from the glacia.
epoch, but is for the most part-
more modern and caps the river
terraces. The conglomerates have
been but little tested, but would
probably be well worth investigating as tney have been found to carry gold at several points and could
be quarried for milling at a very
slight expenditure. The gold would
be free, so that the ore should not
cost more than 2s. per ton to mill.
It must, however, be pointed out
that much prospecting and testing
would be necessary before proceeding to deal with them. Some of the
conglomerates have been much al-
t ered by the heat of the volcanic in
trusions which have broken into
them, and the writer would suppose
that would be the best to test, as
the gold might be collected into pay-
streaks. The conglomerates attain
an enormous width at certain points.
Placer gold has been found on the
Tranquille river, which is believed
to have yielded a very considerable
sum on Criss creek, where the conglomerates are supposed to have
been its source (as to this the writer
has great doubts), on Jamieson
creek, and on the Thompson river
below Kamloops lake. In all these
cases it is confined to their pay-
streaks, rarely exceeding 6 inches
in thickness, and is not likely to furnish a large output in the future.
Many other streams will yield a
prospect, but not sufficient to pay
interest on the capital expended in
purchasing a pan, and man does
wTell if he can make 6s. a day in the
season of low water.
When the mines are more developed, which will be in about a year's
time, the writer will endeavour to
show the results of the work in a
paper supplementary to this. Work
is the only thing that will make
mines. Accompanying the paper
are a tracing of the Geological Survey Map, an enlargement by the
author of the district immediately
contingent to Kamloops lake, and
other plans and sections.
The writer's best thanks are due
to several gentlemen for assistance
given him when he was inspecting
pioperties for the purpose of this
paper, more especially to Mr. Went-
worth F. Wood, assayer, Kamloops,
and Mr. A. J. Colquhoun, mining
engineer, who has made a special
study of the cinnabar   occurrences.
n 3^
V
JAMES  VAIR,
THE KAMLOOPS
HARDWARE   STORE
STREET
All kinds of Stoves and Heaters made specially for saving fuel
and giving the most warmth.
Tin and (jranite Ware a Specialty.
b 4s 4*   Our Skates are unequalled and we have a large stock to select from.   4» c|<. 4>
Cutlery, Carving Sets and Plated Ware.
jhZ-â^z«>-£«?■£ ^^\^/^f#î:a--x&>-■?.^-1. :.-■-=?-x -;-n-.~;n,-?e-:;-S,-?> ^•-Jr.#-:f^-r.t? S-?:•-/: &,e«
7^
^^^♦îîP^K^ao^
I Just Received^-—^,       |
| Another Shipment of ||
! BOOTS | AND m SHOES |
j?       And we are still giving a big discount       ||
on All Lines.,.   ^A ^.
 HOLLAND BROTHERS.!
The Imperial Brewing Co., Ltd.
KAMLOOPS, B. C,
iwji Manufacturers of	
|  I LAGER BEER AND PORTER |
&
«I
Ginger Beer, Soda Water, Lemonade, and other Aerated   Drinks.
NDER our new management we have permanently secured the services of a first-class "brewer, who has
thoroughly overhauled our cellars, and we are now
prepared to furnish the market with our new heer, which is second to none, and sure to give satisfaction.    Give us a trial.
gjgf Orders by mail or otherwise promptly attended to.
T.  \A/.   PEARSE,   IVlatnî
•If
m
7%
I tostt)opo1itat)
'-Hotel,  «-
£H>ain Street,
IRamloops, »•<&.
m((k M\(k
3TW
Large Central Sample Rooms, Comfortable, well furnished bedrooms.
Good Stabling. Rates fi to $2.50.
New Horse Corrall in connection.
P. A. Barnhart,
Proprietor.
The Pioneer Saloon,
Kamloops, B.C.
The Best Liquors kept in stock.
A quiet and comfortable saloon.
All kinds of Newspapers.
John  O'Brien,
Prop.
The Dominion  Hotel,
Kamloops, B.C.
Under an entirely new management.
Headqnarters for Nicola, Granite
Creek and Louis Creek Stages.
Every convenience for Commercial
Men. Good Stabling. Excellent
Cuisine. Free 'bus to and from all
Trains.    Well stocked Bar.
Chas. J. Robinson,
SSfc»
Prop.
TT— Kamloops House
The- ...  .- ,.- , ,,,..,,,.,-,   m ,..,.,„.-.
"5P"
/>.   HEROD,       -      -      PROPRIETOR.
Is the place where you can he sore of getting the
Choicest fines and Lipors aid tie Best Brands of Cigars
©cater Cocktails anï>
Œom anï> 3errç ©ur Specialties*
Bed Rock Prices !
At the Miners' Outfitting House
J. J. GUEST & CO..  x
Kamloops, B.C. ç>
cX. !»• MOORE
MAIN STREET,     -    -    -    KAMLOOPS B. C.
 Wholesale and Retail	
w^        j       ^g And Dealer in
Butcher «stock
All Orders Promptly Attended to. f
^iî)C |)ob pFît)fiî)
^^M^^^^m^Mùk
-THE
I Standard
\ Job Dept.
We Print
I
T
—Letter Heads
—Bill Heads
—NoteHeads
—Envelopes
—Statements
—Memos
—Dodgers
—Tickets
—Programmes
—Window Cards
—Posters
—Streamers
-^Catalogues
, —Receipts
_—Stk Certificates  Y
—Etc., Etc. -^
Y
I
Everything
first-class press work.
We have always been noted for the fine qnality of our
work—that's why we are always
bnsy. Cheap and inferior printing costs the same as good printing, therefore why not get the
"best. Our prices are always reasonable. Always remember that
good printing, like good eggs,
may be spoiled in the setting.
It is the setting that receives our
greatest care, combined with
If in need of fine printing, telegraph, telephone or write us, as we are never too busv
to attend to all orders.
The Kamloops Ptg. and Pub. Co., Ltd. Canadian
pacific
IRailwa^
Hnb Soo pacific Xine.
The Only Trans-continental Route Running Through
Trains From
PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC
FIRST-CLASS
SLEEPERS AND
TOURIST CARS
TO
BOSTON,
MONTREAL,
TORONTO,
MINNEAPOLIS.
Through the Grandest iScenery on the Continent.   The most direct and
cheapest route to
^fôbe Ikootenaç =
^/HbtninG District
■\ty/V<c>
Tickets to and from
Anyone wishing information regarding the gold fields of the far-famed
Kootenay and Cariboo country should call on the Canadian Pacific Rail
way Agent. Through tickets to and from all parts to Europe» via all
Atlantic Steamship lines.
Honolulu,    Australia,
China and Japan
Via Canadian Pacific Railway Co. 's
ROYAL    MAIL    STEAMSHIP    LINE.
For Particulars as to rates, tickets, terms, etc., apply to any
agent Canadian Pacific Railway, or to
ED. GOULET, Agent, Kamloops/
W. F. NDERSON, Travelling Passenger Agent,
Nelson.
E. J. COYLE, Asst. Gen. Passenger Agent, Vancouver. mÈÊffl.
f$m
We Recommend
» ^(ja6j3 store
i'VYYYYYYYV
a For ail ktnds of_*sfr>
-fc -fr Dry * Goods -fr -fr
^Gents' -& Furnishings
-Boots % SHoen-
(©
m
jjj Fresh Groceries^
CO)
É
fânel Provisions [j
CROCKERY &  GLASSWARE |g
John  Beaton,
KAMLOOPS, B.C.
«@p
ij*a>m

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