BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

A history of the Canadian Pacific railway Innis, Harold Adams, 1894-1952 1923

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Array     A HISTORY
OF THE
CANADIAN  PACIFIC
RAILWAY
I S^H ûil%J(rJjx~t
.&*X§4 A  HISTORY  OF THE
CANADIAN   PACIFIC
RAILWAY
BY
HAROLD  A.   INNIS,   Ph.D.
Lecturer in the Department of Political
Economy in the University of Toronto.
LONDON:    P. S. KING & SON, LTD.
ORCHARD HOUSE, WESTMINSTER.
TORONTO:   McCLELLAND AND STEWART,  LTD.
1933 To
MY  PARENTS
Printed in Great Britain by Butler & Tanner, Frome and Londot PREFACE
In this study an attempt has been made to trace the history
of the Canadian Pacific Railway from an evolutionary
and scientific point of view. Obviously, no conclusions
can be reached in the matter of recommendations since
no attempt is made to state a definite objective. Objectives
are being formulated, and the interest has been in the
process of their formulation. No claim is made as to the
merits or demerits of this method of approach. Protest
may be anticipated, especially in view of the character
of existing treatises on the subject and on related topics.
Much has been written in description and in appraisal
of the personalities concerned, and the subject lends itself
in a very striking way to this method of treatment. These
studies have been useful for the preparation of this history
in their material rather than in their conclusions.
At this point, grateful thanks are expressed to Prof.
C. W. Wright, of the University of Chicago, to members
of the Department of Political Science of the University
of Toronto, to my sister, Mrs. M. Malcolm, and to numerous
others for assistance in many directions. Above all,
acknowledgment is made of the aid and encouragement
of my wife in all the stages of preparation.  TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
I   Introduction .......        i
A. The Pacific Coast   ......        3
B. The Hudson Bay Drainage Basin     .        .        .21
C. On the St. Lawrence       .....      52
Il   From National to Economic Union (i870-1880)    .      75
III   Fulfilment of the Contract        ....      97
IV   Expansion of the Road and the Development of
Freight Traffic .....
A. Freight Traffic and equipment prior to the com
pletion of the main line       ....
B. Expansion of the Road from the completion of
the main line to 1900 ....
C. Freight Traffic and equipment 1885-1900
D. Expansion of the road 1900-
E. Freight traffic and equipment 1900—
F. Conclusion       ......
V   The Freight Rate Situation
VI   Passenger Traffic        .....
A. Passengers carried   .....
B. Train Mileage .....
C. Passenger equipment and services
D. Passenger rate policy       ....
VII    Earnings from Operations   ....
A. Freight Earnings     .        .        .        .        .
B. Passenger Earnings .        .   •
C. Miscellaneous Earnings    ....
D. Mail Earnings .....
vii
129
130
134
143
170
172
197
197
199
201
205
210
210
216
222
224 CONTENTS
VIII   Expenses
A. Indices of Efficiency
B. Total expenses
IX   Total Receipts
A. Net Earnings .
B. Other Income .
C. Proceeds from Land
D. Total receipts
X   Capital .
XI   Conclusion    .
Appendix
Bibliography
Index
Sales
PAGE
226
226
231
244
244
248
250
266
270
287
295
325
339 A  HISTORY  OF
THE   CANADIAN   PACIFIC
RAILWAY
i
Introduction
Though almost two centuries and a half elapsed between
the date of the earliest attempt to discover the North-West
Passage and the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway
in 1885, both occasions were landmarks in the