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Na-Na-Kwa or Dawn on the Northwest Coast : In memoriam. Quarterly letter explanatory of some phases of… Raley, George H. May 31, 1907

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Array 1
Dawn on the Northwest Coast
No. 31
PORT SIMPSON, B. C. May, 1907
A Quarterly Letter Explanatory of some
Phases of Mission Work Amongst
the    Native     Tribes    of
British Columbia
Printed at The Post Publishing House, Brussels, Ont. 1 Nft«NA=KWA
No. 31
MAY,  1907
In Memoriam
/N the year 1896. eventful in its
bearing upon the future history
of the Kitamaat people, I had
the privilege of attending a meeting of
the Board of Managers of the Woman's
Missionary Society held in Grace
Church, Brampton, Ontario, on which
occasion it was laid upon me to plead
on behalf of the Indian, children.    The
plea was effective in obtaining the
sympathetic ear of the ladies, with *the
result an appropriation was made "for
the purpose of providing a matron
for the Children's Home at Kitamaat,
when in its infancy. I was commissioned ta obtan the most suitable person available for this work and it was
but the thought of a moment to   ask a lady whom I had known many
years in England and in Canada,
whose whole lite and training preeminently adapted for this class of
work, to accept the position.—Miss
Elizabeth Emsley Long. To my telegram asking it she were willing to engage in this work at Kitamaat, British
Columbia, she replied in a brief but
. characteristic manner "I will." From
that day to the day of her departure
wherever there was a request for her
assistance in advancing by any means,
directly or indirectly, the great work
of the Women's Missionary Society or
the still greater work of the church at
large, help and sympathy were never
withheld. Her answers to such
requests were invariably "I will" or *
"I can."
Her coming to Kitamaat encouraged
us gready and was the signal for a
fresh outbreak of energetic service.
Our great lack had been help for the
caring of the children and in Miss
Long we secured one who cherished
deep and enlightened solicitude for
their welfare and who was willing to
devote her whole time to them.
The work at that time was in a
crude state ; the children not too far
advanced in any branches of training.
It was possible for us to give them
only a divided attention.
Hitherto they had been sheltered
under our own roof-tree, the Mission _
House—and so continued until the
permanent borne was erected. I well
remember the day, the 25th of January
1897, the Home was ready to be occupied ; though the weather was
rough and snowy Miss Long, not willing to dissapoint the girls, took her
little flock up the hill to the new quarters, delightfully situated in a little
nook hewn out of the primeval forest
by the Missionary and his helpers,
each girl carrying her bedding wrapped in a quilt and covered with a
Those were pioneer days in earnest,
intensely busy, yet amongst the happiest of Miss Long's missionary career.
Her health was good, she used to remark how much better life at the sea-
coast agreed with her than life in an
Eastern city.
Her love for Nature was very great.
She would often stand at the Mission
House window, gaze around and feast
her eves on a picture of surpassing
grandeur   noting in  quick  succession
the striking features of: the incomparable scene. To the South the islands,
shimmering with an indescribable
haze, to the North, the wide spreading
valley ever playful with tbe changes of
light and shade, to the "West, across
the Inlet, rising in endless billows the
sea of mountains whose slopes are
covered with deep forests of evergreen
far up to the virgin snow which
crowns their summits,
The calm in nature answered to the
peaceful depths of her own soul. The
placid sea, broken only by the ripple
caused by the diving of a gull or the
dip ot a paddle of some passing canoe,
the setting sun behind the sea of hills
most glorious scene of the Pacific
Coast entranced her and found
sympathetic answer in the tranquility
ot her nature.
While quiet and calm in everything
she undertook, her hfe was verv active
and day by day she was "kept for the
Master's use," and in busv service her
life work among tbe children was the
Christ appeal "Suffer little children to
come unto Me."
A feature of Miss Long's work was
the unwearied and conscientious manner in which it was always performed,*
the simplest duties were done as
thoroughly and with as much care as
the most difficult, tne most important
as unobstrusively as the most insignifi-
cent. In fact there was nothing small
or ordinary in her eyes. It matters
not whether in the sewing room or at
"Dorcas" work—in tbe kitchen Superintending the making of large batches
of bread—in the church playing the
organ leading the congregation in the
service of song she was always the
same, earnest and thorough in everything she undertook.
In her administration of discipline in
the Home she was always calm and
deliberate and seventy in any form
was entirely foreign .to her nature.
She ruled the girls effectively by the
force of her beautiful spiritual character. Her sweet, devoted, consistent-
life will endure as a fragrant memorv
not only with the children but with the
chiefs and the people of Kitamaat,
Eighteen months ago symptoms of a
painful disease developed. Medical
advice was immediately sought and an
operation considered necessary. This
was successfully performed and we
fervently hoped with good reason that
permanent   recovery    would     result. The work which had been her constant
thought for years still possessed her
but though restlessly anxious for its
progress she was not permitted to engage actively in the daily routine.
She appeared to be in good health.
Her happiness and freedom from care,
facts remarked by all, were very apparent. We never enjoyed her more
than the last month spent with us at
We were quite pleased to receive
from her at the close of her earthly
career   messages   of   tender   affection
and also to learn from her and her
friends that she considered her years
of service at Kitamaat had not shortened but rather prolonged her days.
It is all over and I look upon the
past with tne firm convictfon that her
work was nobly done. Her life continues as a memory which soothes and
yet strengthens, inspiring the hope
that our course may be as well and
fairly run and that all may be as safe
and secure with us in the end as it is
with her.
G. H. Raley.
The Burning of the Home
ON the 20tb of May, 1906, the cry
of "Fire" ! from the lips of the
Home Watchman startled the
worshippers just assembled for morning
service in the Mission church at
Immediately the church was emptied
j of its occupants and the excitement
increased, as the watchman shouted
again "The House !" what a shock it
gave us.
A race down the street brought
teachers, pupils, and people to the foot
of the hill where thev saw the middle
section of the roof   already a   mass   of
cloud and flame. It was apparent to
all that the building was doomed any
efforts to save it would be feeble so
all united to rescue the movable
The first two upon the scene were
Willie Grant and little Emsley Ralev,
followed quickly by W. Kyall, a white
man who was staving at the Mission
House, Isaac Wood, Edward Gray
and others. Then came the contingent
from the church. All the village was
there and all worked with frantic taak,
as long as it was possible to stay in the
doomed building.
The scene was pathetic as the exhausted company reluctantly withdrew.
Wra. Kyall being the last one to leave
the building. Then when nothing else
could be done, many of the women
sat down upon the hillside, sobbing
aloud and wringing their hands. In
the meantime Mrs. Raley and some
men went to protect the Mission House
the Missionary, Mr. Raley being absent
at Conference. This thev did by saturating; blankets and covering the roof.
Mr. Robinson's house also was protected in the same way.
The roof fell in within twenty minutes from the time the fire was first
The house was well built, braced
solidly in every direction and, as a
Girls' House, would, with a little enlarging, have lasted for many years.
We wonder and question, vet believe
implicitly that there is in it all a Providence, for out of the ruins therein
to rise a building of greater comfort
and better adaptability to the needs of
the staff and the children ot our Kitamaat people.
It is needless to say the loss was felt
with keenest sorrows .especially by the
Missionary and his wife who had labored, sparing neither time, strength nor
money to build it. and by the Matron
who already has entered into her reward and the teachers, so faithful in
the training of the children.
The Mission House aPd the school
house were immediately placed at the
disposal of the teachers and  the   girls.
The Kifataaata did splendid work and
-3-* . I take this opportunity of placing on
record an acknowledgement of their
ever readiness to help in an emergency
of this character.
expressions  of sympathy
We are are all exceedingly grateful
for the letters which have been a source
of cheer in some rather dark moments.
The bales which were sent helped
very materially in making the girls
comfortable while the work of the
Home continued in temporary quarters.
The first assistance we received was
from the ladies of the Girl's Home.
Port Simpson who* on hearing of
the fire at once shipped us two bales
of mattrasses.
Auxiliaries heariug of the disaster,
quickly followed suit, sending quilts,
blankets, pillows and other things considered necessary.
We have much cause for gratitude
from the fact that no one was injured
in the fire and th,at it did not happen
at night when it might have been
difficult to rescue all the children.
The Passing of a Daughter of the Home
"Oh, death,, where is thy sting ?
Oh, grave, where is thy victory ?"
TT*E regret that it becomes our
I jts duty to chronicle the death of
*^*^ Minnie Amos, one of our
» Home girls who had just completed
her course with great credit to herself
and much satisfaction to her   teachers.
Minnie was one ot our brightest and
most promising girls. She had made
rapid progress in housekeeping, the
duties of which she performed with a
daintiness and skill surpassed by very
few white girls o'f her age and experience. In music and fancy work
she was very apt while in her school
work she had attained a proficiency
much above the average. Her knowledge of English made her a most useful interpreter.
She had for some time sought to live
a Christian life. Her conversion was
very bright, no one who witnessed it
could doubt its genuineness. She was
most conscientious and was: respected
by all who knew her as one who endeavored earnestly to live the Christ
During the past Winter, though not
strong she was always glad to attend
the means of grace, especially the
Evangelistic services and seldom missed an opportunity of testifying for her
She had been in poor health for some
time and the fact that she could not
recover Was apparent both to herself
and her friends for sohie weeks before
her death.
One of the Strongest proofs ot the
power of Christianity over these people
is the calmness with which thbse who
have embraced its   tt h.tlih,  face   death.
Minnie was perfectly resigned. She
repeatedly told her friends not to
sorrow for her, that she was not afraid
to die Her face always brightened
whenever she heard the name of
It was on August 19th during tbe
quiet of the Sabbath evening hour that
the end came and her spirit freed from
its earthly tenement, took its flight to
the God who gave it. We thought as
we heard the church bell tolling forth
her knell, how fitting and how beautiful that she should pass at the close of
the earthly Sabbath into the morning
of that greater Sabbath which shall
have no end.
Minnie's life and death were a strong
proof that Missionary effort among
these people is not in vain.
We had looked forward with expectancy to the beneficial results of her
influence among the people when,
having completed her training, she
she should go to live and move daily
among them again. But God saw fit
to take her and the influence for good
which has already emanated from her
young life, will, we believe, bring
forth much fruit for the Master, for
"being dead she yet speaketh."
It was on a beautiful morning when
the sun shed its glory over mountain
and sea and scarcely a leaf sMrred
that we carried her up tbe hill to the
little Indian cemetery, overlooking, tbe
sea, where we laid her quietly to rest
sorrowing, but not as those without
hope; for as we turned from tbe grave
our hearts said, "Yea, verily, in sure
and certain hope of a glorious resurrection."
A. F. Martin. Sad Death of the Head Chief of the Kitamaats
O^JE of the mighty men of the
the Coast has fallen. For
Kitamaat this truly has been
a year of calamity. The last
trial is the death of the head Chief, Mr.
Jessea Morrison.
On March the 6th Jessea and his
youngest son Bruce were on their wav
to   the  inner   harbor.    Quotiug   from
one of the strong men of the Kwagulth
nation. Living on the Northern
boundary which is also the Southern
boundary of tbe Tsimpshean nation
and being friendly with all he was
well known from Cape Mudge to
Alaska. The interior of the Northern
country also knew him. He was acknowledged a great man and a good
Chief. "
In the early days his gifts to the
tribes were liberal, his feasts most
famous and his hospitality without
stint. In later years his powers were
weakened by a stroke of paralysis so
that he did not join as actively in
tribal affairs as formerly, 'nevertheless
he was to the last acknowledged
head Chief of the Kitamaats.
Even before Christianity was adopted at Kitamaat, he was a friend of the
Missionaries who visited that point. I
have often heard Mr. Crosby speak of
him as a kind hearted and thoughtful
man. When Mr. and Mrs. Raley went
to Kitamaat, he received them in a
kindly manner and became their firm
friend which friendship continued to
the end. All teachers were welcomed
in like manner.
When he embraced  Christianity   he
was zealous for the cause and frequently expressed his strong desire that   all
people should be true Christians,
Requiescat in Pace.
Dr. Bowers' letter these are the particulars -.—"When he and Bruce reached
the mouth of the river he took his pole
to get off a grassy spot. He lost his
balance and-tell over backwards. His
feet caught in something in the canoe.
Just as he was going he called to
Bruce not to let tbe canoe tip. He
could not get free and Brnce could not
free him in time to save his life. Poor
little Bruce worked hard and at last
suceededin' getting his father into
the canoe." Ifl&rf*
When the news of his death reached
us at Port Simpson we were greatly
shocked and immediately the Missionaries with thechiefs and people dispatched a message of condolence to
their friends at Kitamaat.
Chief Jessea occupied a unique position amongst the Coast tribes.   He was
Leaving Kitamaat
Y AST Conference Mr. Raley and his
1^ family received the marching
^■^ orders of the church to leave
Kitamaat and proceed to Port Simpson
to carry on the work of the church at
that   point.
For thirteen years, Mr. and Mrs.
Raley had labored at Kitamaat. They
had watched the place develop. The
old fashioned houses had been pulled
down and replaced by others built aftet
the white man's model. Trails Had
been made, and we can safely say that
Kitamaat is now one of the most p'rd-
gressive villages on the coast.
Great advancement has been made
along moral, intellectual and material
lines, so it can readily be   imagined   it was not without a wrench of the heart
strings that the Missionary left this
community of people to whom he had
become deeply attached.
The Missionary's children however
had reached an age when to neglect
their intellectual development would
be criminal. Emsley already ten years
of age, had no opportunity for elementary education, Edith nearly six had
also to be thought ot. It was found
necessary to move in order that they
receive the very important primary
education before they were too old.
At Port Simpson this advantage offered itself, the place having an exceptionally good public school.
Two months elapsed between the
time we received our appointment and
the coming in of a steamer to move us.
This interval was fullv occupied
with efforts to put everything around
the Mission into ship-shape and leave
the buildings and the garden in an
orderly condition for his successor.
Packing had to be undertaken, cases
had to be made and while we did not
move furniture we found personal
effects which required moving had
accumulated during the thirteen years,
so packing securely for shipment took
some time.
Then the exterior of the Mission
House and other out buildings were
painted, fences were whitewashed,
extensive work about the gardens was
done, the greater part of the Mission
House roof was re shingled. The days
flow swiftly enough and this work was
just complete when early one morning
we saw the curl ot the black smoke far
down the inlet, then the vessel came
in sight and we knew that at last the
steamer was coming to take us away.
We said good bye to the people, trusting that our labor amongst them bad
been blessed to their highest interests.
Kitamaat Notes
Mrs. Robinson went to Rivers Iulet
and returned with a fine baby boy.
The Mission House has been repainted white trimmed with maroon.
Dr Bower spent holidays in the
South at Vancouver with his sister
during June and July.
The strawberries were an excellent
crop.    We bad the pleasure ot reaping
port Stmpson»
Dr. Whittington made his official
visit during the year. These visits
are always helpful and encouraging.
' Mr. Morrow, Indian, agent, paid a
visit to Kitamaat on August 30th, remaining until Sept. 2nd. He came in
the interests of the Home and the
public school building.
We are pleased to know that through
the sympathy and generosity of the
Woman's Missionary Society the Home
at Kitamaat will be re-built on a larger
scale and include boys as w«ll   as girls.
Bob Wright, whose leg was severely
crushed while he was logging last
Winter, died at Bella Bella Hospital
on Sept. 10th. His body was brought
to Kitamaat by S. S. Venture and was
buried here on Saturday, Sept. 13th.
In the garden a bed of orchid flowered planted by Mr. Raley, were exceptionally fine. Double petunias, sweet
peas, nasturtiums, morning glories,
carnaryienses, sweet allysium. All
made a fine showing.
Mr. Nicholas, of Victoria, arrived
on Saturday, Sept. 16th by S. S.
Venture, to take charge of the Mission
until a permanent appointment can^ be
made by the Missionary Society. Mr.
Nicholas is experienced in this work
and has done good service on the. Mission during the year.
Thomas Amos, appointed native
missionary to, Kitlope by the last B. C.
Conference, left on Tuesday Sept.
nth to take charge of his work there.
Two of his children, Helen and Heber
accompanied him. We wish our
* brother abundant success in his good
The broad valley of the Kitamaat is
a splendid field to be explored by the
timber cruiser. We are told by experts that there is enough timber in
tbe valley to keep a mill cutting 250, •
000 feet a day for 50 years. River
driving would be easy and there is a
quantity-of good spruce, cedar and
Tbe huntresss Sarah Legaic and
Agnes Robinson on the morning of
July 24th saw on the surface an unusual commotion. Taking a skiff 8
feet long they paddled to the middle of
the inlet and found two seals in deadly
combat. They fought like goats,
charging each other. A shot was fired
but missed and the seals 'disappeared
beneath the surface of the water.
They were fighting for the possession
of a baby nenl, IMie people returned from the R. I.
cannery. River's Inlet, on August 4th
in good spirits, having had a successful
fishing season. One week later all except a few sick, moved to the old town
to get their Winter's supply of salmon.
During this season the men fish at
night and sleep in the day lime while
the women prepare the salmon and
hang them up to drv. Thus no time
is lost.    These people are   industrious.
Our   Welcome   at
Port  Simpson
T"TT%E travelled from Kitamaat to
§MJ Port Simpson on the S. S.
^-**^ "Venture." Captain Huston
with his officers and crew made us very
The time aboard passed pleasantly.
We arrived at Port Simpson on Aug.
6th in the rain and were met on the
wharf bv an oldfriend Mr. Abbot, who
gave ils a hearty welcome. The plade
appeared deserted, the people being
away at the cannery.
All the Missionaries were very kind
and thoughtful in extending their
hospitality to us until we got the.
Mission house in a habitable condition.
Busy days followed Mr. Butchart, the
principal of the Boy's House and Mr.
Anderson, the teacher of the Mission
Day School, lent kiudly assistance
packing up freight from the wharf.
On August 20th the people began to
arrive in large numbers from the
canneries. Many called upon us. NO
pastor in the East undertaking a new
charge could have felt the heartiness
and-genuineness of the expressions for
his comfort and success amongst his
people more sincerely than we felt
them coming amongst the people of
Port Simpson. They were not strangers to us. We knew many of them by
name for during our earlier years at
the coast, we used to spend annually
from two to three weeks attending
District meetings at Port Simpson.
Will be an Occasional Publication
Our Port Simpson Institutions
The  Church
THE church with its spi»*e 140 ft.
in height, is a landmark for
when the suu is shining, before
aught else is visible, far out on the
Pacific, the glittering metal at the apex
attracts the eye.
It is an immense building having
floor space to seat eight hundred people. It was built in the early days of
Rev. G. Crosby and it was largely due
.to his untiring efforts together with
the hearty co-operation of the people
that such an edifice was erected.
The timbers are massive, especially
in the roof and spire. In this climate,
however, so wet that the ground is
never dry, the years have told upon
the foundation which now should be
renewed before another Winter. On
the East side especially many ot the
posts are decayed.    The stringers have
sunk away in some places from the
joists, so that in a moderate gale this
old temple will creak and sway like a
ship in a storm and the ceiling swing
like pendulums.
In frosty weather accompanying the
strain is heard a sound as of cracking
timbers, which rivets tbe attention of
tbe congregation and one wonders
whether the braces will stand or
whether the end will come.
Knowing the condition of the • foundation and the timbers which have
long since lost their elasticity and their
power to regain equilibrium, it is
necessary to protect the congregation
and in windy weather hold service in
the church hall which will noc nearly
accommodate ihe large congregations
which gather for worship when the
people are at home. This is food for
thought and action.
_J the Croaby GM*» Home
. t*his is an imposing building and
fitting as a monument to the labors of
Rev. T, and Mrs. Crosby whose name
it bears.
This work was commenced many
years ago by ^Ir. Crosby and is carried
by the Women's   Missionary   Society.
There is   a   devoted   staff of   able
stock and barrel.*' Good work is being
done. The boys are making rapid
progress. It is filled to its utmost
capacity. If it were double the size
it would still be filled with boys. It
is a popular school. How to meet the
demand for increased accommodation
is also food for thought and immediate
workers. The Home is filled to its
utmost capacity, and the instruction
imparted is such as is calculated to develop all that is good and noble in the
girls who look healthy and happy in
their surroundings.
The   Boys' Home
This-institution was also founded by
Mr. Crosby and carried by him for
many years.  .
Until recently it has been much crippled for want of funds.
The building, which is old and inconvenient, has a capacity for twenty-
The roof needs re-shingling. The
floors which are worn through in
places need to be renewed. The rooms
should be enlarged. Tbe fact is it is
like the old gun which needed to put
it in   good   going   order,   "new   lock
The Mission House
Tbe Mission House is a low building
one and a half stories, roomy downstairs, low upstairs, just the kind of
building, however, for this country
where it is exposed to violent winds.
It is old, the foundation at the back
has partially decayed so that walking
from tbe front to the back door there
is a perceptible down grade.
The   General   Hospital
While this is not a Methodist In- '
stitution, we understand our Missionary society has the nominating of the
Doctor and the Woman's Missionary
Society, on acconnt of the Mission
Work done among the Indians provides
the nurses.
This is a popular Hospital commanding as magnificant a view as any Sanitarium  in  Cauada.     The building  is tidw tdd sfnali to accommodate the
rapidly increasing population of the
North. It is proposed to build an
annex. This when completed will
place at Port Simpson a thoroughly
equipped and commodious hospital
and it is recommended as an object
worthy of   endowment.    A   large   ex-
the Mission  bay Schooi
This is a commodious two storey
building, is new strongly built and
well adapted for its purpose. The
lower storey is divided into two large
well furnished school rooms with
cloak and wash rooms attached. Up
stairs is the church hall   in which  ser-
pense will be entailed in remodelling.
This will be met mainly by private
donations and we believe that we shall
not look in vain for substantial help
from the East.
vices are held when many of the people are away. This will seat comfortably 250 and is used for all Epworth
League meetings, prayer meetings.
Mission entertainments and general
church purposes.
Mr. Ernest Dudoward is organist for
the church services.
On January 10th the new Council in
a body attended divine service.
New stoves have been provided for
our appointments at Work's Canal
and Naas River.
The church collections for the year
have been subscribed to liberally meeting all expenses.
Service has been held at intervals
during the year at Georgetown, Work's
Canal and during the oolachan fishing
at the Naas river.
During the past year the Port
Simpson people have given us large
congregations. They are earnest
worshippers aud ready at all times to
take an active part in the services.   '
Mrs. Alfred Dudoward is Mr.
Raley's interpreter and teacher of the
Tsimpshean language. She is the
wife of the chief of the Tsimpshean
nation, Mr. Alfred Dudoward and has
a family so talented and entertaining
that visitors are pleased to receive an
invitation to spend an evening in their
home,. "The Eagle House." r
On Thanksgiving day a union service was held. The altar was tastefully decorated by Mrs. Ernest Dudoward.
The W. M. S. Auxiliary of Port
Simpson held regular meetings during
the year. Upon Mrs. Grenfell's departure, which was very much regretted. Miss Baker took charge and filled
the position of President with much
acceptability. The amount raised for
the year was $47.
Thanks to some donations, from
Port Simpson friends and ladies elsewhere, and gifts of dolls, toys and
books from friends in the East, we
were able to furnish a Christmas tree
so that every child attending the  Sun-
School entertainment next   Christinas.
The Epworth' League occupies a
prominent place in church work at
Port Simpson. The work done is of a
very worthy character. The earnestness of the officers and many of the
members is most commendable. Conversions have recently taken place in
the League  meetings.
In every branch of the church's
activity there has been a forward
movement. The Sunday School
especially has made rapid strides. Before the people went to their camps
tbe attendance was larger than at any
previous time of which we have been
able to fiud record. We need more
teachers, the classes   nearly   all being
day School received a bag of candies
and a present. The Xmas tree was an
experiment so successful we are
prompted to use it again as a  Sunday
too large. Mrs. Raley undertook,
with the help of her friends in the
East to furnish a library for the Sunday   School.    She   wrote   her   sister, Miss Giles, of Brockville, Ont., who
interested herself in the movement
with the result that three hundred well
selected volumes are on their way to
the Coast for our Port Simpson Sunday School.
A new Epworth League banner, a
beautiful piece of work, was secured
from Kent & Sons, of Toronto. It is
made of scarlet satin fringed with gold
with the Epworth League symbols and
lettering in blue and gold. Tbe
League gaVe a substantial donation towards the seating of the   church   hall.
Tbe Xmas choir, under the leadership of Mr. Albert Wellington, furnished excellent music during the Christmas season and the midnight hours of
Christmas eve were filled with carol
singing. The singing of the church
choir was pronounced splendid. Mrs.
Raley entertained the choir at supper
in the Mission House after which they
started on their round of carol singing
which continued until nearly 3 o'clock
00 Christmas morning.
The capacity of the Crosbv Girl's
Home is taxed to its utmost, 46 girls
being in attendance. The W. M. S.
has here stationed four very capable
women :—Miss Hannah Paul, principal and teacher ; Miss Clarke,
matron ; Miss Baker, assistant matron
and Miss Schofield, sewing teacher.
A new dam and water pipes furnish
a sufficiency of water for the institution.
The fire apparatus has been tested
and found efficient ; occasional fire
drills will be undertaken. In these
wooden buildings this is  essential.
Several pleasant social evenings
have been enjoyed at the Home.
There was some *good skating and
coasting during the Winter. Both
were much enjoyed
The Advisory Board met several
times. The year has been a very successful one*.
There is a movement on foot to
unify the work. We believe this has
the sympathy of all concerned.
We understand Miss Baker is soon
ro have a furlough* This she has
faithl'uih earned and we are sure
fi iends in the East will give her a very
good time.
Basket-ball is a favorite game with
the girls.
The Mission Band gave an entertainment and raised $21.60. During the
year they have raised $41.60. They
are a fine lot ot bright, intelligent
girls and add much to the interest of
the services by their singing. They
are splendid givers having subscribed
$22 00 to the funds of the General
Missionary Society during the year, i   ,
The Port Simpson Auxiliary of the
Women's Missionary Society meets
each month in tbe parlor of tbe Girl's
Home. Miss Schofield is tbe newly
elected President. She fills the position in a most capable manner and the
prospects for a succesful year are very
The Mission Band, under the super-
intendency of Miss Clark, is studying
the boys and girls of Africa.
The girls are doing well in their
day school studies. Six have been
promoted to standard V, nine to
standard IV, twelve to standard III
and five to standard II. They have
worked well and cheerfully
The girls are very neatly and comfortably dressed. Their appearance.
does much credit to Miss Schofield who
has the dress-making and sewing department in charge.
Miss Blake besides her duties as
matron has taught the girls music and
assisted in the church choir.
Miss Baker teaches physical culture,
cooking, etc. Excellent work has
been done in this department during
the year.
Mr. Butch art, Principal of the Boys'
Home, owing to the continued ill
health of his wife, resigned his position
last December and left for the' South
early in January.
Mr. Butchart was a most estimable
man, a graduate in arts and one with
whom duty ever held the first place.
We trust Mrs. Butchart's health may
improve in the South and that they
will find a wider sphere of usefulness
for which they are both well   qualified.
During the month of January there
was a slight epidemic of chicken pox.
We arethaukful to say nor very seiious.
Mrs.  Phair, the capable   matron,   who
I fills her position well, was most assiduous in her attention to the sick   ones.
There has been a large increase in
the number of pupils during the last
three months. Our Home is now
filled to its utmost capacity. There
can be no further growth in numbers,
although.there are several applications,
until a suitable building is placed at
our disposal.
What is considered an essential for
the better and fuller development
of these boys is instruction in carpentry, &c.
l#This Northern country is developing very rapidly indeed and with every
boom in building, carpenters are at a
premium. For many years to come
such labor will be   required   and   this
The boys have calisthenics and with
a semi-military discipline good order
is maintained amongst them.
The baby of the Home is Paul Price
a bright child seven years of age, who
lately lost his mother.
Our eldest son is Geoffrey Nelson,
of Port Essington, a good boy. In
fact we have in residence in the Home
one of the finest and brightest lots of
boys in the country.
We are expecting a drum and fife
band from Toronto. The instruments
are being paid for by private subscription, the boys making and selling small
Indian curios to assist. Messrs Whal-
ey, Royce& Co., Toronto, are giving
the matter special attention and selecting good instruments.    We   should be
kind ot mechaulcal work is admirably
suited to this people. They are not
an agricultural people. Nearly every
one of them has a mechanical  turn.
The homes at Port Simpson, creditable to any town in the Dominion were
most of them if not all built by Indian
The iron bedsteads received from
the East have improved the appearance of the dormitories. , All -the old
-one'- have been dispensed  with.
pleased to receive any help  toward the
band fund.
~ For outdoor amusements foot-ball
seems to be the favorite with the boys.
The Home is open to visitors who
wish to look through. We are always
pleased to see them and do not find it
irksome in any degree to let them
know what is being done. The Home
being- one of the.public institutions of
the church can be seen at any convenient tune.     We    believe    when    people visit such institutions as these Homes
established for the training of Indian
boys and girls and thus come face to
face with what is actually being doue,
a broader sympathy and more intelligent interests is develoyed in regard to
Indian Missions.
Mr. Sharp, Manager of the Hudson's
Bay Co. at Port Simpson, has very
kindly lent us the green, the only
available plot of any size in the place.
Lately a lot of young Davids have developed who with sling and stone are
constantly slaying imaginary Goliaths.
The visits of the Government Inspector, Rev. A. E. Greene, are helpful. On his last official visit in February he commended the boys on
their smart appearance and general
Gardening is nOw the order of the
day. The season being late the work
has to be pushed rapidly ahead. A
large vegetable garden will be planted,
flowers also are not to be forgotten.
Each boy has his package of seed
with which he is bound to make as
good a showing as possible.
Perhaps some people criticise us for
paying sojnuch attention to the children and would say "Give more attention to the adults, preach more to
them." That is very good yet experience at *he Coast has taught us
and indeed many others that if children got double or treble of the means
and education of the church which they
are now getting, thev would not be
getting too much. Working with the
children is  purifying the source.
Considerable work in the shape of
permanent repairs has been done this
quarter. The Matrom's room has been
repainted throughout. The kitchen
and dining-room floors patched, woodshed partially re-shingled, new stairway
built to the playground lattice work
renewed on the verandah, backyard
fence rebuilt, other fences overhauled
and repaired, gravel drawn and roads
repaired. Amongst our workers are
Geoffrey Nelson, David Green, Charles
Sankey. Paul Scott, Joshua Morrison,
Walter Gosnell, George Ryan, Walter
Ryan and Walter Brown.
What We Need
We have been much encouraged by
receiving the promise of some things
which will add much to the comfort
of the boys next Winter. The underclothing is already provided for. We
require at one-e however fcttonjz    pailed
boots suitable tor out-door work. The
parents of the boys provide .Sunday
boots when able. The institution as
far as possible helps securing every
day boots. Wet feet are a source of
v anxiety to the teachers, and it is
difficult to keep the boys well shod.
The sizes required are boys' nailed
shoes, Nos., 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. I thiuk I
know of fifty boys whose eye this note
may ca,tch who would each like to forward a pair for a less fortunate brother. We require also twenty-five
pairs of blankets before next Winter.
All the readers will know that blankets
are not a luxury, they are a necessity.
We are glad to get quilts but after all
they do not take the place of blankets
ia this damp Northern climate and the
openly built unplastered Home. We
are not extravagant. Indeed we
could show our readers blankets so
thoroughly darned that the original
is*nearly. lost. Blue jean over-alls are
wearing apparel of which we use large
quantities. It is not long since we
ordered a supply yet the last was given
out some time ago and we cannot afford more at present. The sizes required are from 28 to 32 inches. In
this regard I might say we have often
been asked to specify what was needed.
Freight paid on articles of this kind
will be money in pocket but that which
is paid on tight-fitting ladies' jackets
is lost.
We who are stationed at outlying
points are ready to work for the church
till we drop. Those who send us and
"tarry behind with the stuff" are ever
ready to see that the sinews of war are
forwarded when we do not express it
until we are forced to.
There is a mistaken idea in tbe
minds of some on the Coast and also
in the East that Indian children must
be treated differently from children in
white schools. This is not the case.
The diversities of character to be
studied in onr Mission School are as
many as are to be found in any public
school of the same size. It is our object in discipline and correction to
reduce (forporal and degrading punishments to a minimum. While there
are a few, and very few. ready to take
advantage of lemiency by far the large
majority appreciate it. The actual
result in the long run will we are
assured more than counterbalance
any good results that may com© from
extreme penaT'tii-'s. HOSPITAL NOTES.
The Board of Directors have decided to publish the annual report.
Drs. McDonald and Henderson have
been assisting Dr. Kergin this Spring/
Several of our old friends from the
South have been successfully treated
at the Hospital during the year,
Mrs. Phair, matron of the Boys'
Home, was in the hospital for three
weeks this Spring for treatment.
By an arrangement with the Brown
Alaska Mining Co. the employees receive treatment at the Hospital.
Two new nurses are in training,
Miss Longhurst. from Toronto, and
Miss Cunningham, from New Westminster.
There is required for the Hospital
three dozen sheets, three dozen pairs
of towels and, two dozen white spreads
for institutional beds. It would be of
great assistance if some of our friends
in the East could furnish these
Miss Paul, of Newburg, Ont. came
from the East last Fall to fill the position of matron at the Hospital. She
has not had sfood health and intends
going South for a holiday. She is an
acquisition to our Port Simpson work
and has been a source of encouragement to us by reason of her sympathy
and activity in the church services.
Dr. Kergin, who is deservedly
popular in Skeena District, was the
successful Liberal candidate at the
recent Provincial elections. He carried the constituency by a large majority. Di. Kergin in our opinion is not
a strong party man but what is better,
-rather inclined to be independent in
judgment. He is broad in his sympathies and most upright in character.
We shall all be glad to see him on bis.
return from his first session in the
House. ''^ffitf*-
A most pleasing function took place
at the hospital last August when "Miss
Minnie Burpee", who had been in training for three years, graduated and received her diploma. Miss J3urpee's
work has been of a high order throughout her training. Both Dr. Kergin
and Miss Knox, the lady Superintendent and £old medalist spoke w complimentary terms of her skill, her
cheerfulness and her svmn.athv. We
understand she is continuing her profession in Vancouver.    She   was   very
popular and is greatly missed at Port
Simpson. A pleasant evening was
spent and refreshments were served.
Mr. Jno. Flewin, President of the
Hospital Board, presided.
Port Simpson Exhibition.
ON Thanksgiving Day an industrial and horticultural exhibition was held in the new school
building, Port Simpson. The exhibit
of vegetable products, Indian and
domestic manufactures, flowers, fancy
work, etc., was very fine considering
that it was a new departure in the
North. Prizes were given by way of
encouragement and we believe that
the success ot future exhibitions is
assured. A tea-room kept open during the day added considerably to the
comfort of the visitors. This was
presided over by Mrs. Raley, Mrs.
Hogan, Mrs. Harding, Mrs Ernest
Dudoward, Miss Minnie Alexander
and Miss Brentzen.
The exhibits from the Girls' and
Bovs' Homes were excellent. Both
did great credit to the instructors of
these institutions. Exhibits of homemade quilts, fancy work, plants,
native foods and carving were a display much appreciated. There will
be more time this year to prepare for
the exhibition as notice is longer,
though it is thought it would be better to hold it earlier in the season when
the people are all at home. About the
20th of August is the time proposed.
The prizes this year will be more in
number and value.
Mr. Major Mrahee and Mrs. Pier-
son, of New Westminster, visited Port
Simpson in tbe  Fall.
Mr. Morgan and his two sons spent
the Winter at Port Simpson and left
in March for Carcross where they have
excellent copper properties.
Mr. Morrow ihe p^.-lor Tndian P^ent
tor the W. W. Coast 1 •.;,« been at Simp
son several tines during the   past   few
months on    impoitant    business   conducting Council Elections, &c.
-14— Goqualeetza   Institute.
TT4& are indebted to R. H.
mMJ Cairns, Esq., Principal of
*^^ Coqualeetza Institute, for this i
group of intelligent looking young
men who represent the graduating
class of the Institute for 1906. They
will make good and useful citizens and
will bring credit to the Institution in
which they have been trained.
Educational work  amongst  the  Indians is being brought more and   more
and farseeing one and speaks volumes
for the statesmanship of the country.
The church and the Government are
endeavoring to see that the children
get a square deal so that if they do
not receive an education the blame
must rest on the shoulders of the parents and guardians alone. It speaks
well for the high character of the industrial training of this Institute and
for the   ability   of   these   young   men
Graduating Class of the Institute for 1906.
Henry Green, Jacob Wesley,
Skidegate Skidegate
George Brooks, Peter Wells, John Wesley,
Port Simpson Port Simpson Clo-ose
Joshua Stevens,    Fred. Marks,     Geo. Osack,    Robert Stewart,    Jasper Rubs,
Port Essington, Skidegate Chilliwack Kitamaat Naas River
into prominence. Experiments seem
to justity the present methods. Patience, however, is needed. It is unwise and unfair to expect too much
considering the short time such work
has been in progress. The policy of
tbe Government in supplying a good
education to the native races is a   wise
to appreciate the privilege of a good
training when one stops to consider
the fact that each of the graduates
whose picture appears in the group
with two exceptions travelled between
five and seven hundred miles to obtain £
The Rev. Jas. Grenfell, who has
labored at Port Simpson the last two
years, left for the East last May. Mr.
Grenfell was highly appreciated and
much respected at Port Simpson where
he did excellent work. At the District
meeting held in Victoria the evening
before Mr. Grenfell's departure a
resolution was unanimously passed
complimenting him and regretting his
departure. He left many warm
friends who remember him in the
most kindly manner.
Dr. Large, the genial doctor and
Missionary at Bella Bella, is on furlough
in the East.
The Rev. R. Whittington, M. A ,
D. D., has had a busy year. His
superintending is a great influence for
good on our Indian Missions. His
visits are helpful and appreciated. We
hope he may continue his connection
with the Indian work on this coast for
many years.
The Rev. C. Roddick, of the Bay of
Quinte Conference, is transferred to
British Columbia Conference and will
succeed Rev. Mr. Raley at Kitamaat.
He is expected at the Coast in May.
There have been several changes on
the District this year :—Mr. Edgar to
Kitsequkla; Mr. L. .Gray to Rivers'
Inlet ; Mr. Bromwick to Hartley Bay ;
Mr. Raley to Port Simpson ; Mr. Reid
to China Hat ; Mr. Tait to   Kitselass.
Bro. Simon Ellis, native candidate
for our mission work, passed away last
Fall. The Rev. B. C. Freeman
speaks very highly of Bro. Ellis as a
close student and a devoted Christian
Early in Tanuary Miss Martin, of
Kitamaat, arrived at Port Simpson on
a visit to the Mission House. After a
short visit she was prevailed upon,
with the consent of the W. M. S,, to
take charge of the boys in the Home.
Since her advent the Home has grown
in favor with the people and tbe boys.
All the Mission workers at Kitamaat
felt much sympathy for Miss Jackson
returning from a very pleasant
furlough in the East only to hear with
keenest dissapointment of the burning
of the Home which was the object of
so much of her thought and care,
On the 9th of January a new Council was elected with Mr. Wm. Kelly as
Chief Councillor.
Mr. Geo. Kelly was selected and installed Chief of the Gispatians tribe of
the Tsimpshean nation.
Several new houses have been built
in a style and with a finish that would
do credit to any town in Canada.
Mr. Charlie Dudoward is doing some
fine specimens of carving and burnt
work.    His paintings are admired.
Labor Day was celebrated by athletic
sports of which Captain Watson and
Mr. Martinson were instrumental in
getting up.
Owing to the severity of the weather
for a few weeks during the Winter
there was a scarcity of water and owing
to a fuel famine, famine prices had to
be paid.
Several of our boys have recently re -
turned from the Coqualeetza Institute
at Chiliwack B. C. and are showing
good results of their four years training there.
Mr. Gideon Hicks, of Vancouver
and Victoria, visited Simpson in
September and assisted at a concert to
help pay for a new organ for the
Girl's Home.
Hundreds of Hydahs from Masset
and Skidgate camped on the beach in
front of the Hudson Bay Co's store in
August waiting for favorable weather
to cross the island.
A new store was Opened in Sept.
by Mr. Wm. Young, an enterprising
trader from Alaska and a nephew of
the Rev. Tohn Young, who was, one of
the first Missionaries to Alaska.
We have an excellent Public School
here although small. A splendid percentage tried the Entrance last year
and passed well. Mrs. Harding is the
teacher and the scholars are all devoted
to her.
We occasionally see some familiar
faces from the Kitamaat country. Mr.
Geo. Robinson, Mr. John Dunn,
Messrs. Dan and Lindeborg who have
interests at different points on the
Coast are among those who have
called on us. REV G. H. RALEY.
Rev. Mr. Haley's   Removal Regretted.
rHE people of Kitamaat sincerely
regret the removal of Na Na-
Kwa, and its editor, Rev. G. H.
Raley, to Port Simpson. Mr. Raley
has for thirteen years performed the
duties of Missionarv on the Kitamaat
Mission and through his earnest devotion to the work has accomplished
untold good among the people here.
In this work Mrs. Raley has been a
strong helpmeet. Her heart has ever
been open to give of her time, talents,
sympathy and substance to help the
people among whom it has been her
lot to labor. Their home was always
open to any travellers who chanced   to
land on the shores of Kitamaat and
their warm hospitality was much appreciated both by these and bv the
white people resident here. Before
leaving Mr. Raley was presented by
the white community with a Morris
chair, and Mrs. Raley with a cabinet
secretary as slight tokens of the esteem
in which they are held by their Kitamaat friends. We wish them abundant success in their new field of labor
and pray the God may make them as
great a help and blessing to the people
of Port Simpson as they have been to
those of Kitamaat.
Kitamaat Correspondent.


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