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BC Historical Books

Na-Na-Kwa or Dawn on the Northwest Coast. No. 7 Raley, George H. Jul 31, 1899

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Array 1
Dawn on the Northwest Coast.
July. 1899.
TOTEMISM is of great value to the
ethnologist, and nowhere can it be more
completely observed, or more easily studied
than in the isolated Indian villages of
British Colombia and Alaska. It is not
merely a system of rough crests and
monstrous heraldry, but is symbolical of a
vaguely religious and very definite social
institution. A totem, crest, or as we say
at Kitamaat, mahiniough, consists of an
animate object, viz,— Raven, Frogf, Eagle,
Beaver, Grizzly Bear, Black Bear, Brown
Bear, Fin-back Whale, Salmon,[Crow and
so on. The aborigines regarded with
almost superstitious respect the totems of
their clans, believing there existed between
all members of a tribe, and other tribes
bearing the same totem, an intimate and
rather special connection.
One of the relations existing between a
man and his totem is this, he calls himself
by its name. So if the totem is an eagle,
all the members of the same totem are
Again the natives commonly believed
themselves descended from their totem,
and therefore being akin to it treated it with
due deference.
Seeing a school of fin-back whales on
one occasion, I remarked to a mm, "Is
their oil no good, that you do not hunt or
3hoot them?" He replied, "Oh the finback whale is brother to so and so,"
naming one of his neighbours. And
though great schools of these big whales
are in the Inlet at all seasons of the year,
they come and go unharmed. Then there
are the ravens, those saucy black fellows
are with us all the year round, on the
coldest day in the winter, and the warmest day in summer, they aie to be seen
on the beach, chatting over their tasty
morsels; and yet 1 have never seen one
shot or hurt in any way. So a certain
amount of respect is paid also by christian
Indians to their totems. The above remarks however are not applicable to all
totems or all totemic clans.
The relation existing between a man
and those of the same totem is also that
of mutual help and protection. If a man
respects and cares for the other members
of his totem, he expects they will do the
same for him.
Two months ago some of the Haidas of
the Eagle totem came to Kitamaat to trade
for Oolachan oil. They were complete
strangers, and of utterly dissimilar language, yet upon it being ascertained that
they were Eagles, the houses of the Eagles were immediately opened to them, and
from them the strangers received entertainment and help.
^ In the early days, and in some heathen
villages, a man endeavored to gain favour
with his totem by dressing himself in the
skin or other parts of the totemic animal,
this was the custom among the Tiinkets of
Southern Alaska. The Queen Charlotte
Island Indians mutilated their bodies by
tatooing their totems thereon. Some of
the Cotst tribes would paint their totems
upon their foreheads.
Totemism has most rigi d laws in regard
to marriage and descent. Husbands and
wives must be of opposite totems. It is
considered a gross and culpable offence for
a grizzly bear to marry a grizzly bear, or
for a salmon to marry a salmon, but it
would be quite a proper thing for a grizzly
bear to marry a raven, or salmon an eagle.
The descent is in the female line, i. e.
the children always take the totem of their
mother and belong to their mothers family
so that they are by totemic law nothing to
their father. Sbould trouble arise between
the totem clan of the father and that of
the mother, in spite of personal feeling
children must enter the field against the
father, and champion the mother's side.
The image of the totem is often carved
on the four corner posts of large houses,
sometimes over the door as a coat-of-arms,
this is called a whadlugh.
A totem pole, glokglokwilsilah, is made
from a red cedar tree, and is curiously
shaped and fashioned with carved figures
of totems and human beings. The process
of carving is watched jealously by rival
clans, for if the chief whose totem pole is
being carved introduces into it any portion
of a carving peculiar to that of another
chief, there is liable to be a conflict of
clans. These poles are erected before the
houses of chiefs and people of importance,
either to show the rank of the living, or
commemorate the dead. On these colossal
monuments, which are sometimes nearly
100 ft. high, instead of written inscriptions, are totemic hieroglyphics representing the genealogy, history, and weird
mythology of the race. These records
stand in almost every Indian village, and
at Skidigate and Masset are to be seen
perfect forests of totem poles. The cut of
totem poles was kindly lent to Nanakwa
by a gentleman in Victoria.
"For, behold, the darkness shall cove::
the earth, and gross darkness the peo
At the conclusion of the fight between
the christians and heathens narrated In
the last Nanakwa, the members of tht
Noonithlgestamet in solemn conclave, and
again put the christians under the ban,
but Wahuksgumalayou the champion for
the cause of Christ, not intimidated by
their threats, sent forth Insuahtk ana
OhmaKaso with little bells, to call th<
christians together again.
At this season of the year a woman,
Ungwahskunok, of great repute amongst
the people as one versed in the occult art,
used certain incantations, and cast a speli
over the small fish or oolachan, whereby
they, fascinated, and drawn forth from the
vasty deep into the river, filled the fish
traps of the people. The ringing of the
bell enraged the people, for Ungwaskunok
had declared the small fish would hear the
sound and being alarmed would withdraw
i n a panic from the river, thus the vill age
would be deprived of an important mean s
of livelihood. Kupsiahkahs a chief rush ed
out to stop the bell boy, but Insuatk kept on
ringing "Jesus bell", then Kupsiahkahs
struggled with him to get possession of the
bell, however the boy was firm, and said
"you can kill me if you like, but the bell
must ring," whereupon one of the christians rescued both boy ana bell from the
hand of the assailant.
After this the christians had rest for
awhile, Chief Jessea promised protection
to the teacher and his wife. Bro. Edgar
remained for the greater part of two years
and did valiant work for God. He wa3
succeeded by a Tsimpshean, Chief Dudo-
ward, who taught here for a short time.
To be continued.
"Lo! the day of God is breaking:
See the gleaming from afar!
Sons of earth, from slumber waking,
Hail the bright and Morning Star."
—W. F. Sherwin. 1
From Mr?. Raley
As I sit down to write this nnrning
and my mind dwells for a moment on the
day's duties, the situation strikes me as
humorous. Tliere is the ordinary routine
of house work to be done, marmalade jars
to be sealed over, bread to make, to say
nothing of the weekly washing which has
been postponed owing to steady rain for
two days, and above all Emsley to be
watched. He and Ada have just been
holding church on the stairs and have now
gone to the Home to meet Mr. Raley.
I have learned one thing, a day that a
Missionary's wife has to devote herself to
what is termed Missionary work, her
domestic duties have to be ]et go.
I intended this quarter to introduce you
to the old people of Kitamaat but have decided to give notes of a trip instead.
Some people are always troubled when
they write because they cannot find anything to say, now it is the reverse with me,
I am bothered because I think of too
noany things. It enters my mind that the
"many things" however may be interesting
only to myself. Living in a place like
Kitamaat, we are, as it were, ia a little
world of o\v: own, and what may be very
entertaining to us may be equally boring
to outsiders.
But   F must hasten to my trip.
After being detained for two weeks not
only by the weather, but by the illness
and death of a young woman, whose deatli
Mr. Raley had to investigate, for a complaint had been made to him that Indian
poison or witchcraft was the cause, on
Friday evening April the 21st. Mr. Raley
said "we will start to-morrow if there is a
north wind," so we packed our clothing
which had been adorning the upstairs hall
for days to be ready at an horn's notice,
and prepared the necessary food.
Saturday morning we were up early and
by 7 o' clock were afloat in our small
open boat with a crew of three men.
The day was p^riVct, we sailed along
quietly until noon and camped for lunch.
In the afternoon the men had to take the
oars, the wind having changed. Baby
was a little sea-sick and it made him also
home-sick, in fact for three weeks daily
he said "Mamma, I wants to go home.',
At six o'clock we rowed into the beautiful
little harbour Aigiespa, and pitched our
tent3. To the left lay a great island glistening with snow, to the right the larger
harbor (iiltooeise, while m the front two
small islands rose out of the sea, forming
a pleasant break in the long stretch of water. We remained in camp until Monday
morning at 7 o'clock We spent Sunday
reading, talking, walking, and looking at
the water, held two services and had three
meals, The boys did most of the cooking
and washing up, they missed a dish-cloth
at the second meal, someone had lost
it, finally one of them discovered it in his
pocKet. We were very comfort^^^in the
oarup not feeling at all chilly until late^at
night when we let the fire out in the tent
stove. The ground was naturally cold as
streams of water were flowing down from ■
the snow-covered mountains. We reached
Hartley Bay six p. m. Monday, thankful
for no mishaps and three beautiful days.
Mr. and Mrs. Head greeted us warmly.
Mail awaited us and on opening, Mr Raley
discovered the District Meeting was to be hel d
earlier than usual and he would be unavoidably too late. I learned also that the W. M. S.
Branch Meeting was to be in Vancouver, May
9th. A note from the Boscowitz stated she
would call about the 29th. but it was May Is t.
when she appeared. We put in a quiet pleasant
week with Mr and Mr3 Read and their three little
girls, and visited all the native families who
were at home.
On the Boscowitz we met Miss Strycher going
as nurse to Port Simpson Hospital, we had an
enjoyable two days trip to Simpson and on
"Wednesday evening before reaching there,
held an impromptu entertainment. Miss Strycher had been the only lady aboard (which is
often the case on this coast) until I appeared;
however, owing to the kindness and courtesy of
the ship's officers, the time had passed pleasantly-
• We reached Simpson 10 p. m. in a drenching
rain, and appreciated the genuine welcome of
Dr and Mrs Bolton and the nurses.
Thursday morning we visited the Girls' and
Boys' Homes, and had an hour of happy conversation with the .Missionaries. Rev and Mrs Os-
teihout v, ere in Victoria. Three years had passed since 1 had last been at that mission. Tbe
Boscowitz returned from the Naas at 3 pm, aon
stepping aboard, we felt we were aciually starting for the South, unfortunately the weather
was damp and breezy.
We reached Nanaimo at 4 a.m. Tues lay, the
Captain having kindly put into port to oblige
us, Mr Raley and Mr Pierce were thus at seat
of Conference; and by taking the "Joan" tat
7 a.m. I was enabled to reach Vancouver before
noon, and be present at the first session of the
Emsley and I were very kindly entertained b \
Mrs Martinson, but my son did not altogethe i
enjoy his first days in the city, he was so nervous
of the horses. We had a good Branch Meeting; I attended
in the inteieslsof the Kitamaat' Home, the
members were interested in, and sympathetic
with our work. Five years previously I had
attended a Bianch Meeting in Vaucouver and
lmiiet- who had • not seen me in the mean time,
Kitiuitd   me with    "how you have changed.''
When Con fen nee closed Mr. Raley joined us,
and we proceeded to Victoria. Having only a
week there, every hour was full; there was such
a lot of shopping, and as rut ny social en gag e-
menta as we could possibly manage. The city
as usual had a prolonged celebration oi ihe
Queen's Birthday. When the Bi-scowitz steamed
out 2cHh. May, we were aboard, after having
an.hour or two of happy converse with several
friends who came to see us off.
Poor Emsley celebrated our departure by an
attack of croup. Dr. Spencer and Dr. Bush
were passengers, 1 wondered if baby thought
it a sate time to indulge in the malady. Saturday we catlt.d at Steveston and Vancouver, and
then we weiehomeward bound.
We arrived at Kisamaat the 31st. May. As we
bade good-t>ye to the officers of the boat, and
expressed a nope to take another trip with them
we felt they were men who wished us success in
our work, and the Captain and Purser in a
material manner expressed   their   sympathy.
We found Miss Long and Miss Walker and
the Home children generally well. They are a
laigd family to have on one's mind when absent.
Was the trip a success? Yes. Were we
refreshed? Socially. VWre we rested? Not
exactly. Mr. Baley looked a trifle better, for
he had been thoroughly run down, but I was
told I looked more fagged than when I went
away.     However these are incidents in our lives.
Miss Long and Miss Walker are now away,
enjoying fully I hope, not only a trip but a
Another quarter has gone and brought
us.^.to the annual holiday. Before sketching the closing exercises I would like to
glance over the past year. It began with
the^measles and for months or until Christmas there was continual sickness. Sometimes I felt discouraged, we accomplished
so little needle work, and the house work
did not satisfy me either, my time being
so much taken up  with the sick children.
After the New Year we were for weeks
hindered by "building operations. I must
give, ^especially the large girls, praise for
having worked well, the home is no place
for idiing,iand the regular daily routine
with the bread making, and the large
washings were done as faithfully and well
as I could j expect from young girls. It
mast be taken into consideration that -[one
person has^to superintend the domestic
work and sewing besides.
I would like to say there has been gradual, and yet very noticeable improvement
in the character of many of the girls.
Miss Walker looked after the deportment
of the boys, she saw they kept their rooms
in order. The boys got wood ready, and
carried the water, also this spring cleaned
up the grounds, and helped in the garden.
Now for the closing. June 11th. was
Home Sunday. Special sermons were
preached to parents and children, and at
the Sunday School Mrs. Raley and Mias Walker
gave addresses, the singing of the girls added to
the interest. Tuesday afternoon was the public
school exam ination. At 6 o'clock the old boys
and girls had a reunion at the home, we had a
nice tea of soup, buns, tarts, cake and tea, and
ihe tables were pretty, decorated with ferns and
wild flowers; refreshments over we repaired to
the fchool house lor fames. This aiir.ual reunion of the married boys, girls and babies is
one way whereby we keep in touch with them.
On Wednesday we had the examination of
girls'industries They had been equally anxious
with me to have a good exhibit and had worked
hard, I think we succeeded, the parents appeared pleased. We were very much rushed the
last two weeks, one of the middle girls brought
in some print for a dress. I said she might
make it herself for examination < and remarked
it would be nice if the big girls could each
make a dress. They told their paients an d
seven were sent in, so with the work I had
planned they had all they could do to finish.
Mrs. Raley tells me the ladies like details so I
am giving a, list of the articles made: Grace,
Amelia, and Flora cut and made their dresses,
each made a suit of infants' clothes, which
were much admired, being nicely ma^e and
pretty, included in the sets were fine flannel
jackets worked round with wool, in fancy wo rk
they made sofa pillows from samples sent by
Mrs. Briggs. Amelia made a cushion f >r a
seat from canton flannel samples, she and Gra ce
crocheted mats, Flora a collar, and their knitting consisted of stockings and mittens. Flora
made a pair of moccasins from cloth samples, I
would be glad to get more samples, as all the
children wear them in winter. Rosa and Ma ry
Ann made dresses and night dresses, Rosa ma de
a cushion for a seat and crocheted a table mat,
Mary Ann a brush and comb bag of holland outlined in red cotton, and crocheted part of an af-
ghan, their knitting was similar to the others.
The middle girls made their dresses and under
wear, brush and comb bags, stockings and all
worked on the afghan. The little girls made
chemises, petticoats, stockings and boy's braces.
The exhibit was in the school house, a table
also held bread, buns, cakes, and tarts made by
the prize cooks. When the parents had seen
the work, the older girls handed them tea and
some of the prize baking. On Thursday the 15
th. the red letter day, we held the entertainment
and prize giving in the Temperance Hail. The
program was a lengthy one and consisted of solos
quartettes choruses and recitations, the people
did so enjoy them. I wish for the children a
very happy holiday, all are going away but
three one of these remains with her parents wh >
are sick , the other two being orphans,remain
with Mrs. Raley. —E. E. Long. 1
To the Editor of Nanakwa,
. Dear Si r:—
Thinning that an account of our experience as prospectors in the Kitamaat valley
might be of some interest to yon and the
readers of Nanakwa, I herewith give you a
short summary of the results of our prospecting trip through the Kitamaat region.
Last summer Mr. James L. Steele and
myself spent six weeks, prospecting in
the above mentioned country, we found
good mineral indications and several good
strong ledges. We made a few locations,
took down some samples to Victoria and
Seattle, and had them assayed. Out of
about one hundred and fifty pounds of samples nearly, all assayed satisfactorily, thereby giving us good reason to believe that
we had struck a good mineral belt. Acting by reason of the encouraging assays,
we returned to Kitamaat, and have spent
the last six weeks cutting a trail and doing
some development work on these claims.
Our work up to the present on these
Claims has consisted in stripping and digging open cuts across the ledges, to fiud
the width and trend of the leads. In all
the cross cuts the ledges showed up strong;
several shots were put in along the ledges
in the open cuts, and in all the cuts the
quartz showed up full of copper and iron
sulphides, resembling the best pre we ever
saw in the now famous Boundary Creek
country, where we spent six years prospecting. The ledges range in width from
four to twenty feet, traceable from a thousand to three thousand feet. The "Golden
Crown" ledge, the first one discovered has
been traced through four full claims viz:—
the "Golden Crown," "Mammoth, ""Eldorado," and "Wellington." The "Copper
Queen " and "Columbia" mineral claims
are located in strong well defined side
k:; In final I think there is excellent reason
to believe there is a good mineral belt
running through the Kitamaat country.
Mr. Otto L. Olson a thorough and experienced prospector says the showings here
are some of the best he has seen during
his experience as a prospector. The claims,
some of which lie near tide water, the
others about three and a half miles from
tide water, are easy of access, no high
ranges to go over to reach the claims,
and to them could quite. easily be built
either wagon or rail road. Timber is
abundant and water power excellent for
almost any kind of mill power necessary.
Hoping the above account may find a
place in your paper.
I remain
yours respectful! y
John Dunn.
Mr Goste
Reports in Favor of
In the first number of Nanakwa Jan.
1898 we spoke of the Kitamaat Boute in
the following terms:—
For 1000 miles the Coast Bange of British Columbia and Alaska presents a lofty
and almost impassable barrier. It is however broken at Kitamaat by the Inlet and
Valley. Nature provides a nearly level
pass which no doubt will be found to be
an easy gatewav to the mterior-the Klon-
dyke, Upper Skeena, Cassiar, ana Omin-
Six months after, Mr. Coste visited Kitamaat, and together with the officers of
D, G. S. Quadra made an examination of
the Harbour,  with the following result:—
(C olonist. May  19. 1899^
Ottawa, May 18. — Engineer Coste's
report, presented to parliament to-day says
that Kitamaat harbor, at the head of
Douglas channel, is the best place fcr a
Yukon railway terminus on the Pacific
coast,- as the railway would pass through
a much better country than from Alice
Ann. The Stikine Biver could only serve
temp3rarily as a first link in the route to
Yukou, and it would be necessary to build
a railway from some point on the coast to
Our friend Mr. Wilkin
at Atlin. he expscts to ba
gain in the Autumn.
mi C. E.is now
The names of the children in the Kitamaat Home, together with Indian names
and ages are here inserted. This sheet
can be used as a reference for the children
are often referred to in Nanakwa. The
history of some of them is tragic and
extremely touching, consequently they
appeal to our most practical sympathies.
The children are the "hope of the future"
for the Indian race, and are now largely in our hands, when we realize what this
means,   our responsibility is enormous.
English Namtc.
Indian Name.
Flora Amos.    ..
..    Dahlaks.         	
Grace Walker. ..
..    Kullikilaks	
Amelia Mckay..
..    Hwalmlakasu ....
1 15
Eosie Maitland .
..    Aththluksuahtk..
Mary Ann Morrison Kullikilaks	
Alice Bates.
Emma Adarr s..
..    Kwakullahxs ....
Nancy Mcmillan
..   Dohthl.
Angelina Green
..    Dumdedathl	
Martha Ross. ..
.    Wedahtl	
Polly Wright ..
.    Shalliluk	
Minnie Amos ..
.;  Gilhunohultk	
Mary Ann Grant
.   Nuaiyouks	
Lillie Young. ...
.    Etahkahgeluks...
Mary Cross.    ..
.    Glakiskahze	
Martha Brown .
.    Kwnkulillaks ...
Louisa Wood ..
.    Ungwahsilahgilieth
1 9
Lizzie Wilson ..
.    Glakyassumi   ...
Annie Wilson ..
.    Whankulth    ....
Eliza Ross.    ...
.    Kwuntillaks	
Mary Nice.    ...
Jo1- n Amos    ...
Matthew Wilson
Jeremiah Morrison Wiyahkay	
Robert Stewart.
Willie Mckay...
Henry Mcfver..
Lewis Morrison.
Silas Nice	
Oliver Ross	
Grthlahahgeluk ....
Geo ge Wilson .
Job Bolton.
In pronouncing ihe above Indian names
ound a as in far;
e as in they;   1 as in
ne; o as in cone: u as oo in lock; gas in
The house has 70 ft. frontage to the
sea, with space to the left for a wing if
necessary, the depth is 30 ft. and height
22 ft. The rooms down stairs facing the
front are boys' sitting-ioom, hall, staffs
sitting-room, girl's sewing and sittiug-
room; those in the rear are boys' lavatory
store-rooms for staff and heme, dining
room and kitchen, a side entrance opens
into a small hall between the kitchen and
girls' room, here is the stairs leading
into the girls' dormitories,
The rooms in the front up stairs are
boys' dormitory, which runs the depth of
the building, teacher's room, sick room,
girls' lavatory, store room and matron's
room; at the back are hall, two dormitories for girls. There are two large attics
and a cellar. The building is entirely of
wood, with the exception of four chimneys which are terra cotta pipes. There
are 34 windows and two lire escapes leading from the dormitories, one of which is
not completed.
The building is not  finished,  but we -
have   most  of   the   material necessary,
except a few doors and windows.
The people have clone a great deal of
work, but one paid carpenter has been
employed; and he is still at work and'
before long we hope to have the first
coat of paint on. The site upon which
the building stands was dense forest,
many trees have been cut down, fand
many stumps taken out, and the ground
in front has been graded; the boys deserve
credit for the manner in which they
have worked this spring. We, intend to
have a cut made of the Home as soon as
we can get a photograph.
The Home children look toward as eagerly to
the holidays as do white children. We are
accustomed to closing the home tor two months
in the summer hut we feel this will be the lasc
season when we shall do so as there are several
girls who would be better aot to leave Home,
but enjoy the holidays there. As soon as we
have an assistant for the matron this can be
"An arm of aid to the weak,
A friendly hand to the friendless,
Kftid words so short io speak,
But whose echo i^endless.
The world is wide, these things are small
They may be nothing, but they may be all."
R. Mokcktojs Milnes. INDIAN AGENT'S VISIT.
C. Todd Esq. made an omcial visit to
Kitamaat on his steamer Vigilant, early
in June. He held a council with the
people, suggested improvements that could
be made upon the reserve, and urged on
the natives the necessity of vaccination.
He spent a day in connection with school
matters, and informed us that the day
school would henceforth receive government grant, if the conditions be complied
with. He visited the Home and expressed
his pleasure at the work done by Miss
Long, and also stated he entirely approved
of homes for Indian girls, believing them
to be a powerful lever for elevating the
people, he also intimated that when the
Government would be in a position to
assist,   our Home would obtain help.
We have plenty of daylight now. It lasts
from 2 A. M. to 10 P. M. but in December we
have to be satisfied with little more than 6 hrs.
Str. Muriel of Lowe's Inlet Cannery was here
the 13th. June on cannery business. Mr. Curtis
the manager, kindly brought our mail.
Owing to an unusually backward season,
vegetation is slow. The weather has been
showery with strong south winds, even at the
present time the house is chilly without fire.
The run of "small fish" commenced 17th.
April but was unusually short owingto the state
of the river. However we are thankful our
promised collection for the Home was not short,
the annual amount of six large barrels being
The town is in a measure deserted, every able
bodied man having left. Three men and their
families have gone logging, the other people are
at the Cannery. A number of old people are at
home, a few invalids, and t-vo or three women
with young children.
Captain Whitelfy and Rev. W. H. Pierce
spent some time ashore v» bile the "Boscowitz"
was unloading freight. They visited points of
interest at the mission, and sympathized with
us in the large amount of work to be done here.
Rev. J. C. Spencer M. D. accompanied by his
wife and daughter are at River's Inlet. Dr.
Spencer has charge of the Hospital at Wannuck '
during the canning season; he is assisted by the
Mioses Lawience of Port Simpson. Dr. Spencer
is appointed to the Bella C<>ola misson.
Miss Long, Matron of the Home, left on 2oth.
June by the Str. "Edith" to enjoy a well earned
holiday She expects to visit Victoria, Vancouver, and Port Simpson before her return. This
is the first time Miss Long has left the mission
since coming to the Coast, hitherto she has
spent her annual holidays at Kitamaat.
We welcome to the Coast Mrs. (Dr.) Large,
whom we were pleased to meet in Victoria
Dr. and Mrs. Large will spend the summer at
Stevcston on the Prater River, where large
numbers of Indians, Japanese, and Chinamen
gather for the salmon fishing.
We are glad to hear Mrs. Pierce wife of our
devoted missionary Rev. W. H. Pierce of the
Upper Skeena, who went East a yeai ago, is
much improved in health, we are pleased also
to hear Mr. Pierce is going East for a holiday,
the first in 15 years. We know Bro. Pierce
will be much in demand, he is a very entertaining speaker.
Str. "Cutch" called here on the 13th. June on
her way from Skagway with two prospectors
Messrs Limin and Davis who have claims in the
Bucklev Valley. They had been informed of a
good trail in from here, however decided there
was too much snow in the mountains; so left in
a few days to take the Skeena Route to tneir
claims, intending to return this way m the Fall.
Mr. and Mrs. Kirkland and Miss Olga spent a
couple of days at the Mission, they came on the
Str. Edith from Rivers Inlet. Arriving ear ly
on Sunday, they attended the church servic es
and were particularly pleased both with the
Sunday'School, (the attendance at which was
over 200,) and the singing at evening service.
As Missionaries in an isolated Indian village
we have enjoyed the passing yisits of these
white people, who are as yet almost a novelty
here; especially do the ladies appreciate a visitor
like Mrs. Kirkland, and we hope that another
year we may again have the pleasure of seeing
Joseph Williams (Gaehlastough) while at
camp this spring caught cold in a cut finger;
a friend of his had a bottle containing carbolic
acid, which she suggested would be good . to
use. Instead of diluting the acid he poured a
quantity on the finger with the result that it became like a charred stick. He came to Kitam aa t
to see the Missionary about it, and was advised
to lose no time in going to Dr. Bolton. Josep h
heroically wished to sever the offending me ruber himself with a sharp axe, but was persuaded
to go to Port Simpson where the Doctor perfo rm-
ed the operation with finer instruments and
less serious consequence, Joseph returned in
May with his hand well healed.
An amusing sight is to be seen at Metlahkah-
tla; which is. one of the canine race followed
by a feathered creature, the mastiff may go
where she will, but close at her heels there will
always be observed a wild goose.
By small pox, in the United States this year;
says the New York Medical Record, tribes
of Indians in Indian Territory and Arizona have
been wiped ont. It would be well for all .the
Kitamaats to be vaccinated at once.
John Amos our oldest boy has done the
work of a monitor amongst the boys; in the
Home his_influence has been excellent. BAPTISMS.
"One LORD, One Faith, One Baptism.11
At the Mission Church Kitamaat.
June  18th.—Solomon,  son of Peter and
Rhoda Bates.
At Hartley Bay.
April 25th.—Cecelia,  daughter of Samuel
and Maria Wilson.
"Those whom GOD hath joined together
let no man put asunder."
"Husbands, love your wives, even as CHRIST
also loved the Church.1'
April 17th.—John Thompson and   Mary
"Concerning them which are
asleep,   . . . sorrow not." \
April 21st.—Rhoda Anderson, aged
years 6 months.
,,    29th.—David Amos, aged 11 months.
May —Infant  son  of Andrew and
Lucy Spalding.
„        1st.—Matthew Ross, aged 31 years.
,,      81st.—Margaret Mcmillan,  aged 52
Miss Walker and Mr. Robinson accompanied
the Kitamaats to Rivers Inlet.
R^v. S S. Osterhout, Chairman of Port Simpson District, has gone East for a few weeks.
Jacob Duncan has returned from Port Simpson Hospital after having his thumb amputated.
Tommy Smith who has been treated at Port
Simpson for an abscess, has returned much improved, but is still an invalid.
Rev. G. H. Raley, Mrs. Raley and Emsley
returned from Conference per. S. S. "Barbara
Boscowitz", arriving at Kitamaat 3tst. May.
Dr. Rush of the Naas, who was aboard the
"Boscowitz" came ashore at Kitamaat while the
boat remained, he was kept busy in the mission
room kindly attending to serious cases requiring
medical assistance.
Mr. Geo. Edgar, native agent of China Hat,
underwent a successful operatiou for appendicitis at the Jubilee Hospital, Victoria, on the
23rd. May. Dr. Ernest Hall had charge of the
The nursing force of Port Simpson Hospital
are pleased to add to their staff Miss Strycher of
Ontario. Miss Spence and Miss Strycher are
now at the Skeena River Hospital with Dr.
Messrs Steele and Dunn who were here prospecting last season have returned, and are now
doing development work on their claims. Mr.
Olsen an experienced prospector is also in search
of the precious meta 1.
We acknowledge with many thanks, thb
following kind gifts which have reached us
during the quarter:—
Per Mrs. (Dr.) Briggs, Toronto.
Box of Drugs. Mr. Lloyd Wood, Toronto.
Box, "White Violet" Mission Band,
Sackville, N. B.
Bale, Cooper's Auxiliary, Dereham Centre, Ont.
Bale,  Wellington St. Auxiliary, Brant-
Strawberry Plants,  Mr. Walkley, Victoria.
Box clothing,Mrs. Pendray, Victoria.
Periodicals, Miss Hardy,   England.
Periodicals, Mr. C. C. James, Toronto.
or Dawn on the North West Coast. £. ....
a quarterly letter explanatory of some
Phases of Mission Work amongst the Native
Tribes of British Columbia.
Printed and published at Kitamaat, B. C.
by REV. G. H. RALEY.
Second year. no. 7.
July   18«9.
The fund is not only to def ray the cost of
this quarterly letter, but also to assist in
the running expenses pertaining to the printing ol the mission. week after week over 200
sheets with the text or a passage of scripture in both the kltamaat and english
languages are printed, and distributed at
what is called "bchoolum tex'l" which is
held at the close of the morning service
when the text is taught in both languages;
questions bearing on the subject are also asked by the peopi e. hymns have been printed in the vernacular, and as time is found
more will be produced.
With many thanks, we acknowledge the
following, received during the quarter.
Apl. 27 U   1..00
„ 27 15     25
May 3  16    75
„ 0 ........17   5..00
„ 6  18   2.00
„ 11 19     25
„ 11 20     UO
„ 11 21    25
„ 17 22     50
„ 17 23 -... 50
„ 18 24     50
,, 24 25   1..L0
„ 24 26     60
„ 26 27   1..00
Jui.e5 28   10..U0
„ 20 2M ,.   2..00
P» 27 30    2..00
Names are not published The number.
corresponds to a name.


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