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Na-Na-Kwa or Dawn on the Northwest Coast : Quarterly letter explanatory of some phases of mission work… Raley, George H. Apr 30, 1902

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Array *4* ^*r -r-
f'^NA-NA-KWA. I
i*
No. 18.
Dawn   in   the  N< rtbve3£ST   Coast.
KITAMAAT, B. C.
April,   1902
1
1
A Quarterly   Letter Explanatory of
: some Phaser of Mission Work amowgst the
Native Tribes of   British Columbia..
Printed and published at Kitamaat, 15." g •
r«r
W&
m  I)AV\N     t.N    THK   N< RTHWKST    (VaHT.
m\
No. 18.
KITAMAAT B. C.
April,   1902
WHAT IS KILLING THE INDIANS ?
N old question, for
reviving which
my only apology is nearly ten
years continuous
work in tin Indian village, dur
ing which period
there rms been
afforded me an
excellent opportunity for closely
studying their mode of life.
A gruesome fact is ever apparent,
generally speaking the mortality
amongst the Indians is frightful.
One is led to ask two questions
very seriously :—
(a) What is the cause of the high
death rate?
(b) Can other methods be employed besides tiiose already in operation in order to save the original
owners of the soil, amongst the 'fit
things' of the twentieth centurv?
What is killing the Indians ?
In order not to cause offence by
selecting one or two tribes for illus
tration, let whatever may be here
said, be construed as bearing on all
the tribes of the North Pacific, even
though there may be exceptions.
The POTLATCH, as it is called,
is responsible for many deaths directly and. indirectly.
Journeys are taken generally in
the winter to and from the potlatch
by sea and by land ; canoe trips
on stormy seas, long journeys over
fields of snow and ice, in rain and
slush. The days of weary travelling and exposure so thoroughly
exhaust and chill, that the ailing
children, the weak, the sick and
especially the feeble aged seldom
recover. Such cates have been
brought to notice this winter. . In-
fVction is often carried from place
to place because of the potlatch;
; measles, whooping cough, chicken-
pox, grip, or consumption seldom
hinder them from going; cases are
known, where this winter whole
communities were affected by disease being carried in this manner.
During the potlatch season it is
very distressing to see the neglected children and the uncared-for old
on bitterly told days left without
fire, food or friend. Is it any wonder that the old people sometimes
tell the missionary they are «] tired,"
and ask for medicine to put them to
sleep forever.
The Rev. J. 13. McCullagh M. A.
of the C. M. S. who has written
most comprehensively on this sub*
ject designates the potlatch a thug.
Closely allied to the potlatch is
the WITCHCRAFT which is exercised by the Interior and Coast Indians. A great part of the black
art is a direct result of the potlatch
system; and no one can live long in
an Indian village without learning
something concerning f Indian
Poison, "  as   it is termed by   the white man.
Let reliable information come to
an Indian that a shaman or other
adept is practicing the art to compass his death, and generally death
will ensue through terror of some
fancied disease, or through the
quickening of some real disease by
a morbid   imagination.
The ravages of TUBiOKCULOSIS
amongst the native tribes of the
coast are apparent to the most
casual observer.
Are there any remedies other
than moral suasion for such a sad
condition of affairs? 'The Dominion
Govern merit has legislated against
the potlatch and witchcraft; and the
Provincial Board of Health to prevent the spread of tuberculosis.
To suppress the potlatch —
58—59   VICT., Chap. 85. Sec. 6.
"Section one hundred and fourteen of
"The Indian Act" is hereby repealed and
the following substituted therefor:—
Every Indian or other pet son who engages in or assists in celebrating or encourages
either directly or indirectly another to celebrate, any Indian festival dance or other
ceremony of which the giving away or paying or giving back of money, goods or articles of any sort forms a part, or is a feature
whether such gift of money, goods,or article
take place before, at, or after the celebration
of the same, and every Indian or other
person who engages or assists in any celebration or dance of which the wounding
or mutilation of the dead or living body
of any human being or animal form a part
or is a feature, is guilty of an indictable
offence and is liable to imprisonment for
a term not exceeding six months and not
less than two months; but nothing in this
section shall be construed to prevent the
holding ofan.v agricultural show or exhibition or the giving of prizes for exhibits
theieat "
The law has not been enforced.
It is unpopular, however for the
good of the people for whom it was
framed it should either be enforced,
amended and enforced or repealed.
As the case remains at present, un
enforced laws tend to weaken the
faith of the Indians in the Government's power and demoralizes them.
The potlatch system is antagonistic to civilization, < hristianity and
good government, and is the' forerunner of a long list of crimes.
To suppress witchcraft,—
55—56 VICT. Chap. 29, Sec. 396.
"Every one is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to one year's imprisonment
who pretends t<» exercise or use any kind of
witchcraft, sorcery, enchantment or conjuration, or undertakes to tell fortunes, or
pretends from his skill or knowledge in any
occult or crafty science, to discover where
or in what manner any goods or chattels
supposed to have been stolen or lost may
be found."
To prevent the   spread of  consumption.—
Whereas tuberculosis is now proved to be
infectious, and is at thepr. sent time existing in many parts of the Province, the Provincial Board of Health enacts the following regulations:—
14, inasmuch as spitting is purely a matter of habit, and is offensive to many and
is often very harmful and a fruitful means
of carrying disease, it is here declared unlawful to spi i i tram-cars railway cars, or
other public conveyances, or on sidewalks,
or on floors and other parts of public buildings.
The penalty attached for violation of
the above by-law, is a fine not exceeding
one hundred dollars with or without costs,
or to imprisonment, with or without hard
labour, for a term not exceeding six
months, or to both fine and imprisonment.
There are other ills which cause
many deaths, nevertheless we believe if the foregoing or similar
statutes were eutorced there would
be a saving of life; also protection
to the Christian Indians would be
assured.
WITCHCRAFT IN ALASKA.
An Indian youth was buried alive bv
Chilkat trihesmenat Klukwan, he was the
innocent victim of th shaman who falsely
declared the Indian, who was a Christian,
h»d been working "Indian Poison" and
had caus- d the death of 12 men. After h«
ha I been in the grave nine hours he wa*
found by the missionary who with two of
the N W. Mounted Police rescued and resuscitated him. THE  HEAVER AM) THE
PORCUPINE.
Chief Jessea who is Chief of the
Beaver totem related the following,
which Minnie Amos interpreted.:—
The beaver and porcupine loved
each other. When rdiey met, the
beaver put his arms around the porcupine's neck and they walked up
and down the town.
The porcupine asked the beaver
to play with him. They went up a
hill where the porcupine used to play
at the top ot a tree and he said to the
beaver, "I'll play for you".    • '
'•When you finish, I'll play for
you, * answered the beaver.
The porcupine climbed the tree
while the beaVcrsaug to him. The
tree rocked from side to side, the
porcupine let go his hold and fell on
the ground while the beaver clapped his hands and cried, i< pah pah
lums, pah pah lums, pah pah lums, "
meaning •• fall softly like the moss,
moss, moss."
The porcupine was the same as
dead for one hour then he got up.
"Oh." said the porcupine, "it is
your turn to play."
" I am afraid. It is hard for me
because I don't know how. but I'll
try," replied the beaver.
lt I will sing for you '* said the
porcupine, ''if you go to the top of
the tree".
The beaver very much afraid too
climbed to the top of the tree which
was swinging in the winll, let go
his hold and fell to the ground whi.e
the porcupine clapped his hands
and shouted, '■ tisum, tisum tisum,"
meaning 4stoue, sc<>ne; stone." The
beaver was stunned and badly hurt
for two hours he lemained as dead
then got up and the two returned to
the porcupine town.
And the beaver said to the porcupine) l loine to my town and I'll
play for you."
"Very well' answered the porcu-
pne, ?>o ihey walked till the.v came
to a small lake with a house in the
middle.
'That's my house'' said the beaver.
The porcupine sat on the bank and the
beaver said "I'll plav lor you. "
'■When you have finished then I'll play
for you" a*nswered the porcupine.
Then tne beaver dived into the water and
swam once round the lake under the water
then rose to the top just in the s?ame place
where he had left the porcupine.
" Now its your turn," said the
beaver.
'•1 am afraid, and my breath is
short," answered the porcupine.
"Do not trouble about that, just
get on my back and if your breath
is short, scratch my shoulder and f
will rise to the top of the water."
The porcupine did as he was told
and with a splash they went under
the water. In a moment the porcupine scratched the shoulder of the
beaver. The beaver would not rise
but swam around till the porcupine
was dead. Then he rose near the
house and placed the dead porcupine on the top of the house, then
dived under and went into his house
for the winter.
In two days the porcupine revived and found himself on the house in the
mid lie of the lake. He was afraid to a-vim
t» the shore so he began to sing for the
north wind The north wind heard him
singing and came to him and coveted the
Water with a coat of ice. The porcupine
walked to the shore and went Co his town
as quickly as he could B'&^SlSiiiii'i^l^
PORT SIUIPSON BOYS' HOME.
There are three names which are
more prominent than o;h -<r< in
connection with missions to the In
dians on the shores of the Xorth
Pacific ()cean. The Reverend ln-
nocentius VeniaminofF of the Greek
Church (designated by the Indians,
Bene) who commenced as an humble priest in Alaska, was made Bishop and then Primate of the Greek
Church of all Russia ; Mr William
Duncan of the C. M. S. who built
the model Indian village of Metlah-
katlah ; and our Reverend T. Crosby whose name is so well known in
connection with all the Methodist
Indian missions on the N. W. Coast.
It was at Port Simpson Mr. Crosby's
greatest work was dene. The Boys'
Home is one of not a few monuments
which attest his burning desire and
indefatigable perseverance for the
civilizing and christianizing of the
Indian race
From all parts of the  country,
the head waters of the Skeena and
Naas Rivers also the coast villages
ana Q C. Islands, boys, younjr
men and old men came and voluntarily placed themselves under the
training and influence of VIr Crosby
and his devoted assistants. Clah,
a young man who became the rirst
Christian teacher in South Eastern
Alaska, Bros Pierce, Edgar, Russ,
Ryan, and Vmos, are to those who
are at ail familiar with our Indian
work, household names. These
were some of Mr Croshv's boys.
The above commodious building
is the present "Bovs' Home" at Port
Simpson, where Mr. Richards, the
Principal of the Home, resides with
his family and occupies the wing
to the left of the picture; Miss
Scriver, the matron, and the boys
occupy the right. Mr. Richards,
a most energetic man, is also the
teacher of the large village school
which at times numbers 120 pupils. OUR   SUNDAY SERVICES.
The form of service is that laid
down by the Discipline. The music is a special feature, though we
have no choir except at Christmas.
It is our custom either to intone,
chant or repeat in concert the Lord's
Prayer at all services. The Psalms
for the day are read responsively
followed by chanting -'Glory be to
the Father etc." Instead of an anthem, the congregation chant one
of the following, Te Deum, Gloria
in Excelsis, lieus Misereatur, Doni-
inus Regit me, etc.. Occasionally
at the evening service an anthem is
given by the "Home Girls" or an
appropriate solo by one of the missionaries. Sabbath evening service
is followed by a testimony meeting.
The special Easter, Thanksgiving
and Christmas hymns are now
familiar. The congregation sings
heartily, in fact there are only a few
irregular metres in the Methodist
Hymn and Tune Book which the juvenile portion of the congregation
cannot siny.
The first Sunday in the month
the missionary preaches in English
to the children. At the close of the
first prayer the commandments are
repeated by the minister, the congregation chanting the response, " 0
Bugwahte, mamatlasintlanouf, gis
guahtl owwahte gehnoiif kun dse-
dsedsillay geh nouf geh gwe ah lass
guiee,' ( Lord have mercy upon us
etc.)
Baptisms are always administered either the first or third Sunday
in the month at the morning service
when the Baptismal Chant | And
Jesus said Suffer little children etc."
is sung
We take the International lessons
in the afternoon ; the blackboard is
frequently brought into requisition.
Hymns from "Sacred Songs & Solos"
are used ; the little girls from the
home   often   sing a hymn sweetly
Miss   Long   aids very   materially
in the services as organist.
DISTANT FRIENDS.
During the quarter we had much
pleasure in receiving ten shillings
from young ladies in England.
Misses A. and K. Wheeler. The.
donation was to be applied to the
stove for a helpless old man unless
the expense had already been met.
In such case it was to be used as we
saw fit. There being no deficiency
on the stove we will be delighted to
purchase a good blackboard for the
Sunday School hitherto having used
common black painted boards nailed together.
The young ladies though personally strangers have become much
interested iu the mission by reading
Nanakwa, handed to them by a
friend.
THE WHARF.
The wharf is all but complete
and lends an air of thrift and
energy to the village. We feel sure
that Aleck Gray who had charge of
its construction and those who assisted building it, are well satis-
tied with the result of their work.
A captain of a steamer that recently called here remarked, "It would
do credit to a much larger town."
Another captain remarked, " It is a
great acquisition to the town, it will
create business, boats will come in
with a feeling of security, knowing
there is a good wharf to tie to."
The approach to the wharf is 228
feet by 20 feet, the head of the
wharf is 80 feet along the front
and 30 feet broad.
Miss Marklnnd spent, a leasant Easter
at Kowthpigah, the home of Mr and Mrs.
Anderson. '"'■^^3f
J- R
HP        1 '          1        H i ■'-'  •■"-'■■■:-'- 1
THREE ¥OUi\G   KIT AM A ATS.
Minnie Amos.       Ada Price.    Emsley Raley.
The young chief (Gaedsoankuthl)
who wears his father's cap, and his
associates in the picture, have just
been assisting to clean stove pipes.
Two of them are holding chiefs'
spoons. These spoons are of wood
and it has been the custom in opening a feast for the greatest chief to
devour a large spoonful of oolichan
grease. To give you an idea of the
size, a year old baby can sit comfortably in one, the little Raleys
have had many a ride round the
rooms, in fact if wheels were attached a good patent perambulator
might be advertised.
There is no finer curio collection
than one of Indian spoons, wooden,
bone, horn, ivory and silver ; plain,
painted or carved. They vary in
shape and size. The wooden ones
in common use are generally plain
but when painted are quite attrac
tive.   Those made of the horns of
the mountain sheep and goats are
often elaborately carved with totemic or heraldic signs. We occasionally find a rare old specimen
made from the horn of the " Allah-
gim" an animal long since extinct.
The silver spoons are beaten out of
coins and carved with native symbols, they make most unique souvenirs. In the past carving has
been a profession of great importance and a means of livelihood to
many, now only a few become experts. The carving at Kitamaat is
chiefly in wood and metal. One of
our best artists Walter ( Ladouh )
passed away in February.
The Haidahs are noted for their
skill, especially in stone carving.
"- And they painted on the grave-posts
Of the graves, yet unforgotten,
Each his own ancestral totem.
Each the symbol of his household—
Figures of the bear and reindeer.
Of the turtle, crane, or beaver, * "
AN ANGRY GRIZZLY,
During February at Rivers Inlet,
a white trapper and an Indian were
killed by a bear they were so unfortunate as to disturb in his winter quarters. Their bodies with
that of the bear were found close
together; the Indian had apparently
shot and wounded the bear which
attacked him furiously. The white
man coming to the Indian's rescue,
drove a knife into the bear's breast,
the point penetrating his heart.
Then the bear having killed the
Indian turned and killed the white
man, afterwards dying of its own
wounds.
HARTLEY BAY.
NOTES.
By (X A. Robinson.
Three deaths entered our few
population this year with two babies
and some more in sickness.
Mrs. Aleck Moody was gone yes*
terday so this means four death
(adults) entered our few population
this winter.
The President and Secretary of
the Hartley Bay Epworth League reelected in the same offices this year
and has done a successful work
among the brethren.
The people of Hartley Bay have
good supplies of fresh salmon this
winter, the fish something like the
Spring Salmon, the people caught
them with spoon baits from one to
six by each men, from day to day.
Chief Councillor Ambrose Robinson has been sick since before Xmas,
through the hurt he has received
under the sole of his foot by a rust
nail and he as little better now. in
the midst of his sick he did'nt neglect his duty, but ttill put something
straight.
Nearly three years since, our sisters of Hartley Bay have a pressing
need to carpet the Hartley Bay new
Church and since then tlie> took up
collections among them and for what
they were short (money) the Hartley
Bay Epworth League helped them
out, and this winter the Church of
Hartley Bay is well carpeted both oil
cloth and carpets by the savings or
earnings of our faithful sisters for
within the nearly three years passed,
the oil cloth and carpets amounted to
$69. 00.
BELLA COOLA
NOTES.
In  a   recent  letter  from Bella -
Coola, we find the following inter*
esting items of news   for Nanakwa
are enclosed. —
Some of the settlers have taken
up stock ranches in Chilcotin.
Rev. J. C. Spencer arrived on the
steamer of January, after having
spent six months in Toronto.
Bella Coola is the natural outlet
for all Northern Chilcotin and the
Blackwater valley.
Mr Coughlan a photographer has
been up taking some of the scenes
in the valley.
Since the visit of Indian Agent
Todd there has been no brewing of
wine: as a consequence the general
deportment has been much better.
Whooping cough has been here
epidemic all winter. The Indians
from River's Inlet were invited up
for a potlatch and brought the affection with them.
A bridge is now beingconstructed
over the Bella Coola river which will
enable settlers to drive to the wharf
which, so far, they have been unable
to do. As soon as the bridge is passable, traffic will begin. IP"
KITAMAAT HOME LETTER.
Winter is over and we are enjoying a few days of bright sunshine.
Those who have not lived in isolated places can hardly understand
what it means to us to be able to
get out into the sunshine after the
dreary winter. Mountains, trees
and sea are to us what society and
friends are to those who have the
privilege of enjoying them. The
past winter has been particularly
dull there have been so many light
falls of snow followed by rain.
It is a great comfort to have the
girls all well again after the serious
attack of influenza that visited us,
and such a relief to be able to return
to regular work. Now they are
busy with their knitting, they do
more at this time of the year just
between the seasons, we desire that
they be good kuitters as it will be
a great help to them after they
leave the Home.
I fear some of the kind friends
who sent us bales will think I am a
long time acknowledging them, but
I will do so as soon as possible. If
any have been sent that I do not
acknowledge, will the senders please
write; often bales come with no
name we compare them with letters
that come by mail but find it hard
to tell where they are from. Most of
the things sent for Xmas were too
late but they will be so very suitable for prizes on the 15th. of
Jane. We had enough for Xmas
and were not disappointed. If the
girls are good and do their work
we try to give them nice prizes.
We appreciate all gifts, I must
just mention the oilcloth and clock,
we had been wanting white oilcloth
for the dining room tables for a
long time, it came two days before
Christmas, we had it on the tables
the first time for their Xmas dinner,
the girls take  pride  in keeping it
nice. .
The first day it was fine enough
to go out on the hill the little ones
gathered pretty leaves and moss
arranging them very artistically in
bouquets and placed one on each
table which they have kept supplied with fresh ones ever since.
School being closed for a, week's
holidays at Easter, the girls find
profitable employment, some are
helping to print Nanakwa, others
working in the garden, and when
not employed at this, Miss Jackson
is taking advantage of the extra
help getting a stock of pinafores on
hand. Every fine day we can we
take them for a walk. This afternoon we are out on the tide flats
the girls are all around us digging
gliksam and I am writing a ftw
notes for Nanakwa. As soon as we
can go out in the spring there is
something to gather, first gliksam
then fish eggs, skinstick, seakwun-
aht, dulse, berries and cheewah,
these last remaining until late in
the fall.
On Good Friday we had a quiet
day with service in the morning,
the girls seemed to enter into the
spirit of the day and were good.
E. E. Long. (Matron)
A NEW bTORE HOLSE.
The council is building a store
house on the new wharf. It is a
spacious building, and is another
feature of the enterprize of the
council. Freight landed here will
have a place in which it can be
sheltered securely from the weather.
Previously freight bad to be loaded
from the steamer into canoes and
landed on the beach. Sometimes
this was most inconvenient especially with a rough sea and rising tide*
it often got wet in spite of an effort
made by li all hands " to pack
(carry) it above high water mark. 1
KITAJHA.iT   KOfflE   (JIBLS   DIGGING GLIKSAM.
The gliksam or Indian potato, as
it is sometimes tailed, is an edible
root. It is identical in flavor to
our swert potato though having no
resemblance in t-hape. This together with kistum, another wild
vegetable, U eagerly sought early
in the ve ir.
x In the past the native races by
force of circumstances, have had to
make use of the natural supplies
with which the Creator has lavishly endowed their country. Roots,
especially in the spring of the year
are obtained as a nutritive food
and contain medicinal properties
which instinct leads a native to
use,   as a rule wisely.
To accompany this picture and
in some way explain it we print the
following ideas as told in English by
a bright little Home girl, Annie
Mckay (Angweelumbks).
"They get it up the river, they
find it under the sand.   They get it
in the winter when it is snowing
when it's hot and the> didn't get it
cause it all die now, it is fun to get
it, we push the stiek in the ground
and put the gliksam up to the top.
It is not hard to get it, when they
gret lots they take the grass and tie
it and they dig some more again
and when its lots they put it all in
the basket and they come home and
they put them in the tin and they
put some water in it and wash it
and they take the pot and they put
the sticks in it and they put the
gra* on the sticks and they put
the gliksam on the grass then they
put cold water on it and they cook
it. And they didn't eat it quickly
they wait till it is cold then they
cut it and put the grease on it and
sometimes the cheewah too and then
they squeeze it in their hands (like
that) then they put some of it away
and some of it they eat." HOPE FOR THE BOYS.
For the past two years, since it
became necessary tor the boys to
leave the Home, they have taken
rather a backward step having had
no alternative but to disperse and
go to the various camps. Consequently their attendance at the day
school has been   very desultory.
Now there is hope: Dr. Whitting-
ton and eastern Hiends are deeply
interested in the case of the box s,
not only at Kitamaat but all over
the Co;ist. Our people are most
anxious and we hope shortly to
nave good news lor them.
It is not surprising we are urgent legarding the matter. Froin
the first ol February till October
tneie is scarcely a. boy at school.
While there are 75 pupils enrolled,
uuring ihis period but 35 are in attendance.
NOTICE!
Any of our friends who failed to
receive the October number of Nanakwa and would like one, pLease
drop a line. We have also a few
packages of back numbers which
can be had on application.
A map of the world is very much
needed for the school.
E (RATA.
We do not pretend to send out
this little paper free from grammatical or typographical errors, we
have frequently seen minor mistakes after it has been through the
press, in fact when we read over
the proof sheets we have not time
to correct and re-arrange the matter as fully as we would like.
LABORARE EST URARE
"Not solely on our Sabbath days
We render ervice fair:
For duties done go up like praise,
And kindly tnought is prayer."
FRESH FOOD.
*"t\ hen there had not been fresh
food in the village for weeks, Jacob
Duncan shot'5 seals and caught a
halibut. The seals he feasted the
people with, right glad they were.
Thankful also were we at the mission house to receive some of the
halibut. People who live in places where fresh food is obtainable
every day can hardly. appree ate
our position. Afber living for a
eoupie of months on canned food
only we crave the tresh. * >f late
the people have brought us generously ot ha.i-but and venison.
COUNCIL NOTES.
An excellent by-law has been
enforced by the eouneil viz. that
the door yards must be thoroughly
cleaned. After so much siekness in
tue past season, for sanitary purposes this is very necessary.
To-day as we ^o to press, the
women are busily raking the yards
while the men are carrying the.
refuse to the beach where it is washed out by the tides and others are
packing gravel for walks.
Mr
McMillan
al eaiuisi *
the
prospector hi* .slake*'
lla*\ U.-buix Island iint<
i' vicinity <»f kitamn.n,..
Messrs McLennan mid I'ine I avf limi
neat and comfortable hou-es in the Kiia-
inaat .alley wimiv thev intend to make
their home. One evening shortly after
■eavnifj the Mission, while posing through
the Narrows to ine ln: er Harbour they
were startled b\ an immense whale rising
from the water, itneailv eapshedthe boat
and drenched them with sprav.
I LOCALS.
Spring salmon were caught February the first.
This season the herring began to
spawn at midnight, March the 23rd.
The old women and girls are gathering their usual harvest ot gliksam this year.
Wolf tracks are plentiful at the
north of the village and those of
deer and caribou are seen in the
valley.
The hunters and trappers have
generally had «' hard luck " around
Kitamaat this spring, though a fair
number of mink are reported.
• A lot of sickness has been reported from the camps.
Str, "Nell" was here in January
with lumber for the wharf; she returned in March with freight, and
was the first steamer to tie up to the
Kitamaat wharf.
It is encouraging to find our
Hartley Bay friends are in advance
of last year in their collection and
subscription for the Missionary Society.
The past winter has been the
mildest and most unhealthytat Kitamaat in the space of ten years, not
once has the thermometer registered
zero. The snow fall has been light.
High winds prevailed in March.
The beach in front of the village
here has a lively appearance, owing
to the large number of new canoes
brought home by the people from
their camps in an incomplete state.
Now finishing touches are being put
on, the sound of the adz is heard
from morning until night as it rings
against the well seasoned cedar out
of which the canoes are so skilfully
hewn. The Kitamaats are past-masters in the art of canoe building.
PERSONALS.
James Ross a Kitlope young i an has
taken Up his residence at Kitamaat.
Mr. Robinson returned from the South
March the 17th. bringing with hint a large
supply of goods.
Uhief John Bolton returned from Haitley
Bay and the camps on Aiareh 1Mb , bringing with him the mails,
Annie, wife of the late Peter Murisott of
Kitlope has come to Kitamaat with. the.Intention of living here.
As we go to press the Steamer Chieftain
ties up at the new wharf. Capt. Cunning*
bam is desirous of engtgiug several crews
ot hand loggers.
faidward etray was brquglu home from
the halibut camp on the loth, of March
his foot badly cut with an axe, seaweed
being effectually used to staunch the flow
ot blood.
Alice Bates, one of our most successful
home girts returned to Haitley Bay to
nurse her father Whom we are glad to hear
has so lar recovered as to he able to take a
canoe journey to his camp near Surf Island.
We hope to see her back again before long.
A NEW COOK BOOK.
We acknowledge with pleasure the
Wheat City Cook Book, compiled  by
the ladies of the Methodist Church,
Brandon.    It is very unique,   recipes ,
being seasoned by such apt quotations
as:—
" Master,  I marvel how  the fishes
live in the sea;
Why as men do on land ; the great
ones eat up the little ones."
—SHAKESPtfAttE.
One evening a small boy at the mission
ho"use who was beintf corrected, covered
his ears. His mother remarked chat the
Bible says there are those who have ears
but cannot hear and e>es but cannot see.
Be was all attention in a moment, but
the reproof was suddenly ended by the
chappie piping out " are thereany people
who have noses they can't blow ? "
(Mother) 'Little son, can you take care
of baby while t go to the store
room for a minute or two ?'4
(Little son)—"No mamma, I can't g
(Mother)—"Then I'll have to ask God to
do so."
(Little son)—"Why can't God take care of
her all the time ?" ■—■»
NANAKWA
Di^.1 >i   r.ae N\k-g 1 vVas,   ) t ut.
A Quarterly   Letter Explanatory of
some Phases of Mission Work amomgst the
Native Tribes of  British Columbia.
Printed and published at Kitamaat, ii. C
by REV. G. H. RALEY.
Fiftwykar.    No. 18.
BAPTISMS.
t(One LORD, One  Faith, One Baptism.'
Jan. 30th.    Frances Allen.
„     31st.    Mary Walker.
BURIALS.
''Concerning them which are
. sorrow not.'1
Jan. 3rd.—Abouks  Sarah,   aged 85
years*
„    8th.—Martha Legeak, aged 19
years.
»    .,    —Albert, aged 70 years.
„ 17th.--Je3sie Shaw, aged 6 years.
„ 25th.—Sarah  Livingstone,   aged
10 years.
„    ,.     —William Ebenezer   Stewart, aged 7 mouths.
„    „     —Mark, aged 90 years.
Feb. 1st.—Frances  Allen,   aged   45
years.
„    „     —Mary   Walker,    aged   55
years.
,,   10th.—Peter  Monison, aged 43
. years.
„  17th.—Lucy Allen,   aged   1 year
and 6 months.
„   27th.—Paul Green, aged  17 yrs.
Mar. 1st.— Walter,   aged   75   years.
,, 17th.—Myrtle Beatrice Clarksou,
aged 6 months.
„ 26th.    Stanley   Legeak,   aged  3
years and 6 months.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We  acknowledge  with many    thanks
the  following   kind   gifts   which    have
reached us .during the  quarter;—
Per Mrs. Briggs.
Bale
Box &
Bale
Mission Band,    Sheroourne St.
King's   Daughters,   Biierbourne
St.    loroiitw, Oni.
Mission Band,   Tweed, Out
Barrel   Ash field Lucknow Anxs.
W.  M.   6    Aux.   ©iniooe, Out.
,, fort Dov^k-, Ont
Parcel ,, 01n Wiiidoin. Ont.
Pareel and caids      Miss E    F. ftoyers,
1 Auienburg,   N. ri.
$2.50   for  Gingham      Mrs. J.  Green.
Holniesviiie, Ont.
Barrtl     Queen   8     Aux., Toronto.
Box       Unerry Valle* Aux. and Circuit.
The Quiver       Miss Hardy, Eng
Home Chat       Mrs.  Cocki 1, Eng.
Mr  C. * . James, Toronto,
Dinoi Unknown.
Mrs. W. C. Manning,
Se'.wyu, Out.
Miss Mildred Mansell
Papers
Picture Cards
B. S.
NANAKWA    KUNDl
The fund is not only to defray the
cost of this quarterly letter, but also
to assist in the running expenses pertaining to the printing uf the mission. \\ eek
after week over 200 j-heets with thb
text or a passage of scripture in both
the Kitamaat and English languages
are printed and distribuled at   what is
CALLED "CJUllOOLU.Vl TEXT", WHICH IS
HELD AT THE CLOSE (>F THE MuRN ING SERVICE
WHEN THE TEXT IS TAUGHT IN BOTH LANGUAGES; QUESTIONS BEARING ON THE SUBJECT
ARE ALSO ASKED BY THE PEOPLE. HYMNS
HAVE BEEN PRINTED IN THE VERNACULAR,
AS TIME IS FOUND MORE WILL be PRODUCED.
\\JITH MANY THANKS WE ACKNoWi.EDUE THB
FOLLOWING,   RECEIVED DURING THE QUARTER:--
DATE
NUMBER
*
Feb 13    ..
.  U«i    ..   ..
.    50
,.    is   ..
121    ..   ..
i
,,     18    ..
.   122    	
.    50
,,      IH      •
.   124    	
t
„      18    .   .
.   V&    	
25
,,     I*    ■•
.   126    ..   ..
1
,.     18    ••
.   127    ..
£2
Mar 3     ..
,.      15    . . .
.128    	
.14)   	
1
. i
„      18    ...
..   13<>    .   ...
1
,,      18    ..
131    .   ...
w
8    ..
.   Ml	
.    50
,,      29    .. .
...133      ...
50
„     29    ..
.134    	
£1
„    29 ...
..135    ..    .
5 shilling
„    29
..136 	
75
1
The number as above corresponds t > the
NUMBER OF   YOUR   RECEIPT.       MoNEY    MAY   BE
sent by Post Office Order payable at \ ic-
t »ria  or Vancouver;   also  by   registered
BETTER       N\MES   ARE    NOT    PUBLISHED.     THE
NUMBER  CORRESPOND*   TO   A   NAME. "&
I 4

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