BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

Na-Na-Kwa or Dawn on the Northwest Coast. No. 10 Raley, George H. Apr 30, 1900

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Array DaWn on the Northwest Coast.
Ko. 10.
APRIL. 1900
There are two Kitamaat villages, the
old and the new, the summer and winter.
At the new or winter village the houses
are neat, modern, built of lumber. The
old village is four miles distant from
the mission and oae • mile up from the
mouth of the Kitamaat river, there the
houses are all of the above type, they
are all of cedar,   varying in size. *
Jessea's house was built 30 years ago
by Walter (Lahdouh) of the beaver crest.
All the friendly totemic clans wrere employed preparing the material and building. The women leveled the ground
and dug the post holes. When all was
completed the men were paid from 10 to
15 blankets, according to work done,
and the women received for their labor
print and calico from Towahwhisilax
sister of Lahdouh. After occupying the
house for two years, according to ancient
usage he deeded it to Jessea the chief of
the beavers who is also head chief of all
the Kitamaats. Chief Jessea has another
house more recently built and of modern
appearance, which was built by Mark
Morrison (Nokamoih) who also occupied
it then deeded it according to the custom
of the people to head chief Jessea. Jeremiah (Weyarkey) is the son of Mark
Morrison and successor to the chieftain
ship of Jessea. JE. H ITAR1 LEY BAY.
(i liu following interesting account of
a trip has just been received.)
The Epworth League.
Methodist Church.
E. T. Patlass- Secretary.
6 North Water Street.
Hartley Bay B. C.
(To Nanakwa). Feb. 22nd. 1900.
We appointed new officers for the Epworth League before Christinas.
1st. Vice-president lleber Clifton
2nd  James Bates
3rd  Peter Bates
4th.    .:.      .. E. Patlass
5th  Alfred Johnson
After that the Lord touched our heart
to go somewhere else, to preach the Gospel. Now we want to go Kitamaat, then
the president said "well wait, and start
on Monday '. Before we reach Monday,
a letter came from our brother Timothy Buxton, he was in China Hat, and
call us down there, telling us all the
souls were die in sin, the old devil gets
over them. The way seems to open for
us to go China Hat. Now we start on
23rd. of Nov. We leave our place about
2 miles, was a great wind from the South.
We nearly,;all lost,^we go back Hartley Bay. Our president give us cup of
tea, and he tell all the League that
they will pray more and more to ask
God that he will open the way, the next
morning come, and we start again no
wind but little rain. &?&M
About five miles from our place, we
saw the steamer "Willapa" came from
the North. We are on our way to go
down. We want to go with that boat,
but can't help it, "Willapa" went the
other way where the mines. About one
hour she came on the right way behind
us. All of us wait the steamer, we take
one canoe an go on the steamer line, we
put up a flag on the pole, and soon as
we put up our red and white and blue
flag the steamer was whistle; thank the
Lord lor that. The steamer coming
where we are. We tell the captain we
going China Hat, purser wants $30 for
three canoe and sixteen people. We ask
the purser to help us,we told him we going to visit our brothers at China Hat.
And soon the sailors see our drum
and sing their own song using drum.
The Steamer was running 10 miles,
the Epworth League have no money at
all, yet we not think we will meet some
steamboat so we did not collect money
before we start. The captain went into
the purser's office, they talk together the
purser came out, and said 'alright boys
charge $20", thank the Lord for that.
Well we are very happy about our brother Arthur Robinson, he lends League
$20 we give that. We in China Hat-24-
th. Nov. We was in China Hat 12 days,
our brother Bella Bella people coming
to China Hat about grave yard stone.
The Lord was with us, wre. win some
souls to Christ.
We leave China Hat 6 th. day of Dec.
raining all the day till we got to our
camp wet all through, no one save from
wet. Next day we start again and take
another camp with raining all the time,
we got help in our Kitamaat friend's
house-camp, if it is not a house-camp
there, we surely all sick or die for cold,
safe in his bouse, our Kitamaat friend's
name was Bob. We take next camp in
Fisherman Cove. Nice weather, next
morning we leave Fisherman Cove. We
were very happy. Before we reach the
Hartley Bay, we take our dinner at the
last point towards our place, the president he ask the olessing, as soon we
open our eyes one of the president's saw
the deer swimming in the water, we
take one canoe and go after and kill it,
we stay one hour and cook the deer
meat. We got home on the 9th. day
of December. Soon as we came in our
home from China Hat we start working
we building new road for our church.
And we have good time all this winter, not by helping ourself, or making ourselves high er than the others, no, no, but
by helping God. W7e ask God to help
our faith and we feel he was help us
very much. Our brother Henry Fawcet
came from Metlahkahtla, Alaska. He
went up to Kitamaat before Xmas. After New Year he came back from Kitamaat he visit us and give us good preach
he preach one hour, from St. Matthew 7
th. chapter 9, 10, 11, verses we had a
good time, the next day all the people
went away.
Six months have passed since I wrote
for Nanakwa, they have been anxious
and buby ones. Mr. and Mrs. Raley being away most of the time, responsibility has been much greater. Though we
did not like being alone at Xmas everything passed off successfully. The firemen decorated the church they put up
some nice drawings behind the pulpit
and a large program of the anthems
to be sung. We had service in the
■church on Xmas morning the members
of the band were there in full uniform,
and as we were going up the path to the
■church, they played "In the sweet bye
and bye." In the evening we gave the
old people soup buns and tea, then we
had Xmas tree and singing by the choir
and children. On Tuesday evening the
children gave their entertainment which
consisted of choruses, quartettes, duets,
calisthenies, posing and recitations. Of
course there was a great deal of extra
work the girls did well, especially Flora
who was never tired, she was useful in
every way, from acting as interpreter to
cleaning stove pipes, I could not begin
to tell what she did. The young men
of the village learnt and sang several
quartettes this winter, they have good
voices. The children have been very
well with the exception of a few weeKs
when several of them had a rash which
we thoughtumust be chicken pox.
Elizabeth Cross sister to Mary the little girl who was so ill last year has been
ill for some times. Mr. and Mrs. Raley
have been home nearly two weeks, 1 was
so delighted and relieved to see them.
Dr and Mrs Large were on the boat they
spent two hours with us, the Dr prescribed for Elizabeth and some others who
are not very strong. Among other pleasures of the home coming were the gifts
brought from friends, the King's Daughter circle to which I belong sent a lovely
picture, "The New Madonna", for our
sitting room, it is hanging opposite the
door, and the children always give a
glance in passing, they love pictures.
At first I was disappointed because the
associate matron did not come but when
Mr. Raley explained how it was, I said,
I could wait with patience, knowing it
would not be for long. I have great
hope in my little girls, this week Annie
one of the little ones is promoted to dinning room girl, she is delighted and goes
round with an air of importance at the
table, and asks the children with great
dignity, if they want more, then runs
to the kitchen and laughs, she is very
quick in movement. One day I went
home with her to. see a sick baby, she
was able to tell her mother every thing
I said, the mother laughed, nodded her
head and looked pleased. It is very
gratifying to hear how much interest is
taken in the home I sincerely hope our
anticipations with regard to it will be
realized. I must not forget to express
thanks for the useful bales that have
been sent this winter, we still need yarn
and towels, the girls do a lot of knitting
and it is hard to keep up the sunp^f c ^.
yarn. In closing I would Mjjp^o say
how grateful I am to the^«ies of the
W. M. S. for the conp^^ tDeY have
placed in me, amMiat 1 feel it an hon
our to be on^r their recognized mis
E. E. Long HP
A young man from Hartley Bay gives
an account of his treatment and cure.
"It has long been my desire to make
a statement of my cure. Early in the
winter of 1892 I had some trouble with
joints disease. I suffered terribly with
that dreadful disease and thought my
case a hopeless one. I expended on my
case few sums of money for different
remedies guaranteed to cure the joints
disease in its worst form, but received
no benefit therefrom. At last the mission yacht "Glad Tidings" was called at
Hartley Bay on Dec. 9th. 1894 Dr. Bolton
was aboard, he came ashore while the
boat remained and told me to go with
him up to the hospital, its a good chance
for me, so bid my friends a sad farewell,
(not one of them ever expected to see me
again alive,) and was taken aboard. I
was so weak scarcely able to move, I
expect my complaint would be the death
of me. We reached Port Simpson the
following night safely. I was taken to
the Hospital all things were ready, the
rooms are nice and pleasant, the best
of food is served. Miss Spence had been
the only nurse in the hospital until
another kind hearted lady comes as
nurse too, every thing possible is done
by the physician and nurses to render
the visits of the afflicted pleasant and
desirable. The hospital was filled up.
I had been treated with much kindness
by Dr Bolton and nurses for over three
months and receiving a little better, the
medicines was helped me which the Dr.
gave me, the kind care that all gave me
was something that could not be paid
for with money, it was like being at
hon^» i have both Dr and Mrs Bolton's
sympathy. Early in March 1895 I went
aboard the launch little vessel for
home as the Doctor told me to do so, it
seems I won't get worse any more till
winter time. (Again I was "taken sick)
Mr. and Mrs. Edgar doing their best in
taking care of me. The opportunity
again came for me to find relief. It was
the 2nd. of Dec. Dr. Bolton was return
ing from Kitamaat and Kitlope on th6
"Glad Tidings". They had been treating many patients. Mrs Bolton was on
board that trip. We arrived at the
hospital the gentle nurses who tried so
patiently and kindly to minister to my
wants received me witjh their warm
hand clasp. The Doctor told me it
would be useless again to give medicines
but that he would be obliged to make an
incision in my leg (take out knee joint)
and treat it till it got well. On the 17
th. day of Dec. 1895 the Doctor undertook the surgical operation, the method
employed was their new and painless
one of cutting, just three days my leg
pained me, and afterwards I felt no
pain and no fever. The kind and assiduous nurses were all around me every
night watching me, and I imagine I see
that they hope so much that I should get
well very soon. Kind and comforting
words were given to me by visitors just
a few of their names I'll mention here,
Revd. T. Crosby, Mr. C. M. Richard, the
missionary women of the girl's home,
Revd. F. L. Stevenson (C. M. S.), and
many others. And in February 1896 I
was able to sit up, and as my leg was
getting stronger I was dress myself every
morning. I was getting more and more
strong, most of the night were spent bible
reading, good singing with the nurses,
sometimes with Mr. Richards. Its a
great and good time I have while I was
there, I saw many poor sufferers from
various diseases made well and happy,
and I too with the other happy ones. I
would wish all poor sufferers it matters
not what the trouble may be to go to Dr.
Bolton's hospital and be cured. If it
had not been for Dr. Bolton's care and
good attention of the kindest nurses, I
would have been in my grave to-day.
To them I owe a thousand thanks".
C. A. G. Robinson.
While detained here during a heavy
snow storm early in March Messrs
Cuppage and Mansell mining engineers
very kindly set up the new press. It
runs like a charm. THE CANOE OUR BUGGY. — Engraved for Nanakwa.
The above is a cut from a photograph.
Mr. Raley and his crew of three good
men, Philip Mckay (Winaht), Tommy
Smith (Kwulthdielth), and Joe Brown
(Hoolk), are on their way to Hartley Bay
50 miles distant. The island passed on
the left is named Alstum, so called
because the dead were placed there in
caverns. The island hides the entrance
to the Kildablah Arm. The missionary
has a comfortable seat where the canoe
is widest, close at his hand are his
blankets and provisions. The scenery
was^grand almost incomparable. It is
not always as smooth a sea as appears
in the picture, not a breath of wind all
day. The following day however the
musical dip and plash of paddles ceased.
A* sheet was soon hung out to a stiff
breeze which quickly increased to a gale
the hammer-wind from the mountain
gulches struck us, angry white horses
hissed around and would have overwhelmed us, had not the men displayed
superb skill in shortening sail and bring
ing the canoe into the shelter of a neighbouring cove. The third day we arrived at our destination in safety.
The Kitamaat canoes are hewn out of
cedar trees. The above is an ordinary
travelling canoe about 30 feet long and
4 feet wide, they vary in size, sometimes
being 60 feet in length. They are very
easily propelled by one or more paddles,
have a trim appearance on the water,
are light, but when ribbed, strong. If
manned by natives are safe, and stand
a heavy sea. The fine lines and graceful curves are obtained by filling the
canoe half full of water and red-hot
stones, the canoe is covered with mats
and blankets, the steam retained Jj|f
the wood is soft and pliable, when the
sides are spread and braced with sticks
the required width. Canoe making is
an art of which the Kitamaats are masters, their work is excellent and in demand. These cedar canoes require great
care and should always by covering be
protected from the wind and sun. r-l
ay Mr*. Raley.
Be it ever so isolated there is no place
like home !! ! On the 7th. of March our
feet touched again the Kitamaat shore,
and while we found many of the people
away yet there were sufficient to bid us
welcome. Even the elements seemed to
greet us, for a few hours after our arrival, a terrific snow storm came on and a
strong wind blew, then the rain descended, and finally a glad glorious sunshine
burst forth and we were able to throw
open windows and relieve the house
some what of that peculiar mustiness
which pervades a long-closed dwelling.
Our trip westward had been very delightful until Mr. Raley fell ill of la-
grippe at Vancouver. We will not soon
forget the pleasant days in Winnipeg
and Brandon. There were plenty of en-
tertanting people on the "Queen City"
during the four days and a half we were
aboard, and we ought forever to feel
grateful to the captain who landed us at
mid-day rather than at mid-night. It
is restful to be settled down, and we are
content, but we think much and often of
the loved ones.in the home land, and of
the many many kind friends whose
sympathy and attention gave us exceeding pleasure when in the East.
(Alice is from Hartley Bay, she has
been with us about a year. Her conduct
is very satisfactory, and we consider her
progress in English excellent.)
Kitamaat. B C
March 21st 1900
My Dear Friend
I will try to write a
few words to tell you as far as I can and
all about my time in this new home,
when we finished school we learn how to
do our work well. ^Ja^the home we try
to do it nicely and when we finished our
tea Miss Long give the crochet to  the
girls four girls made mats for the tab! e
and Miss Long is going to show it at the
closing on the 15 June. We have a
very nice songs at Christmas we had
our^ Christmas dinner in the home we
call Jessie and Esther for dinner and
after dinner we ^set in the girls room and
the big girls placing in the girls room
for a while and we all go home for tea
and when we go back to the home we
told Miss Long about the people playing
on Christmas day, one day the people
saw the steamer coming it was Mrs.
Raley and Mr. Raley and Baby and all.
tht girls were so pleased when we saw
them and Mr- Raley shake hands with
us all and they come up for dinner and
the steam boat whistled and they went
down to the church a little while and
Mr. Raley ask baby if he know the girls
and he said no and when he first came
back and sometimes 1 like to be one of
the cooks with the girls, and I want my
cousin to come in this home and I have
nothing more to say.
lam your friend,
Alice Bates (Nohsdahmtk-).
Kitamaat Home.
Great was my surprise, when after
addressing the Douglas Church Sunday
School Montreal in the winter, to be introduced to a' class named as above.
The class consists of 15 young ladies
under the leadership of Mrs. Allingham.
I know their resolve to so name the class
cannot have emanated from any perso^J
al feelings toward myself, who at the
time was a- perfect stranger; but feel
rather it is a tribute to the work I have
chosen. Let me however express my
pleasure at being associated with such
devotion to missions.
G. H. R.
A species of small bird called Dsookwa
has been telling us in bird language
that the summer is nearly here.
The Kitamaat missionary is the representative of the Wingham District.
While in the East just before returning
he had the pleasure of visiting several
central   points on that  District and of
personally coming into touch with the
Leaguers.    He will not soon forget the
heartiness  of his  welcome, in spite of
stormy weather and drifted  roads.    It
was gratifying indeed to see the leagues
actively doing intelligent work for the
Master,  on the PRAY,  STUDY,   GIVE,
plan.   One thing most cheering, was in
several places, to hear an expression of
this nature,    "We have prayed for you
every day   since you became our missionary."
China Hat is an appointment of the
Bella Bella mission. For along time the
converts felt they needed a new church.
Under the able leadership of Mr. Edgar
missionary, one was built costing in material $525, subscribed by the people; of
this amount,, the women of the mission
gave $200 which they earned by scrubbing and cleaning fish at the canneries
last summer. On the first Sunday of the
New Year, this neat solidly built church
(seating capacity 150) was dedicated in
a delightful service, by Dr. Large the
: superintendent of the mission.
Well done China-Hat, your example is
worthy of imitation. It must be most
encouraging to the Missionary Society to
know how you are striving to help your-
Last month' mails arrived on the 7tn. and
were despatched. onV13th.
A large salmon cannery is being put up near
China Hat.
The str. "Queen City" Captn. McCoskrie was
here on the 7th. ult.
The Kitamaats have had a very good catch
of halibut this year.
Twenty five houses have been built at the
Bella Bella new town site.
The beach here above^highjjwaterrniark looks
like a ship-yard, several fine canoes are being
built by experts.
Two salmon canneries are being:built at Bella
Coola, as a result the Bella Coolas will probably
find local employment.
A large resevoir branching lamp 'has been pur"
chased in Toronto by the Kitamaat Epworth
League, this is intended for meetings on^ the
street and gives a powerful light.
The Kitamaat Caledonia Co. is anxious to
build a much needed wagon road from Kitamaat
to Hazleton. Kitamaat is the natural gateway
to the Otnineca and the vast territory to the
North and East.
The Marthas and other ladies of the
Sherbourne St. Methodist Church, Toronto,
presented Mr. Raley with a tent and sail,
both are much appreciated. The outfit
of a missionary on the Coast is not complete without these adjuncts.
Through the kindness of friends in the
East, I have been able to purchase a
Gordon foot power printing press. We
have used a hand press on the mission
for over five years, of its usefulness we
are assured.
Would my friends in Toronto, Brock-
^ville, Athens, Billings Bridge, Belleville,
Tweed, Lodge Room, accept my sineer-
est thanks for their gift. I might say
that before my plant is sufficient for the
work undertaken, it is necessary to have
a font of accented type.
We would like to make special mention of the King's Daughters' Circle of
Sherbourne St.Church Toronto, of which
Miss Long is a member. The Circle have
from time to time sent gifts, not o£ly to
Miss Long, but donations to the Home,
their kindly remembrance is one of the
bright spots in the matron's experience. I!
or   Diwu on   the North-West Coast.
a quarterly letter explanatory of some
Phase's of Mission Work amongst .the Native,
T*&xXr   Tribes of British Columbia.
Printed and published at Kitamaat, B. C.
by tlEV. G.  H. RALEY.
hird year. no. 10.
APRIL,    1900,
"One LORD, One Faith, One>,'Baptism.1'}
At the Mission Church Kitamaat.
Mar.   ;25th.—Edward, son of John and
Susy Ryan
"Qmcerninj thetn wJiich are
asleep; -..'sjr row not.1'
Nov. 30th.—Emily Paul,  aged 6 months.
Dec. 15th.—Silas Bolton, aged 83. years.
Jan. 10th.—Dorcas,   aged 86 years.
Feb. 1st. —Charles Tate,   aged 80 ;yeafs.
Mar. 12t!i.—Lucy 8p tiding, aged 17
Bale,     Iriquois Auxiliary.
Knives and spoons, Mrs. Hutchinson.   Toronto.
Bale,     "Marthas" Kherbourne Street, Toronto
Parcel,   King's Daug(iters     ,. ,,
Hardware,    Mr. TayTffir. Lucknow.
Dru=rs,   Mr.  VV. Lloyd Wo .d  Torooto.
Fancy buttons,   Mr   Dods ,,
Present for     Head-chief Jessea,     W.
Wood Jr. Toro^o;,:;
■Sf^etaclrs for  Head-ohief  Jessea,  Mr.
.;"- Tfskey   Toronto.
Medicine case,    Mr.   Burton   Phi lad  lphia.
Periodicals,  Miss   H*rdv,"  Ens.
f&2n^$M     M. C. 0.. Jaraes Toronto.
Parcel,    XlissLi<>\d Wingliam.
,, Eiizahethttjwn Auxiliary.
$540        Per Mrs. (-Jreen.  Holm«*ville,  blii
Yarn       Per Mrs, Jones, Tweed.
The Revd, Mr. Raley with his family arrived
the 7th. of March on the 'Quee 1 City".
Dr Wrimh representative f . the ftellevile
District Leagues has been appointed to the U>.-
per Skeena. ®&^*J
As Philip Williams was sailing to his camp in
a gale of wind ,;i< stria!I b) i^ c in sized ind after
a narrow escape from drowning was rescued by
Dan Morrison.
Messrs Ouppage   and Mansell   mining engi~
reers arrived on the ""Queen" Oity'1, «nd are-in-
• specting claims on Pincess Royal I-sU »<{ and
in the vicinity of Kibimaat.
Dr. Large" accompanied by Mrs Large visited
several missioLS on the Coast to the. l.orth of
Bella Bella in March. The Doctor prescribed
for hundreds of sick, at Kitamaat his visit, far
too short, was much appreciated by both people
and missionaries and we need thn visitation
of a Doctor here at  least every   three months.
Mr. Hall with Peter Jones and his wife crossed from Kitselass Can von to Kitamaat in the
middle of Match. Not following the old'trail
• they to ok. a 1 » g circuitous route. Their food
supply ran out and thny reached Kitamaat in
a famrshed condition, i he partv having lived
for three days on a p:ece of bread half the size
of an orange, a handimd of rice, 3 pieces of baron each an inch square, and tea made from
a weed found by the side of the trail.
W.    1
-. ;n, a:n ak VV A   FUND!
SHEETS WITH THE TEXT OR A PASSAGE OF "SCRIPTURE   iN   both  the    Kitamaat   and    English
questions bearing on the subject are also asked by the peop> e. hymns ha ve beejr printed in the vernacular, and as time is found
more will be produced.
With m^ny thanks, we  acknowledge the
foll aving, received during the quariirri
if^ni'i       **an-
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The   number
A   N
We are greatly indebted to the E. I*
of Central Methodist Church Toronto for
the gift of a beautiful banner. As a
league we are really grateful and highly appreciate the gift.
mt> r 1st   pawje for
Fox cerneded read
Errata— I n January
1833 read  U


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