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Pioneer days, Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital Day, Patience 1924

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   pioneer 3)a^e
VICTORIA,  B. C.  SDebicatton
To those who 'with tdltu undimmed,
Hope undaunted,
and Love   unfailing,
gave their lives in service for others.
"Hear ye not their 'voices ringing down the ages—
Echoing still the message, though thér task be done—
^Voices born of heroes, monarchs, poets, sages,
Teaming still to share the triumphs they had won?"
Derreen, cRfickland Avenu*
"Victoria, B. C.
September, 1924.  pioneer 2>a\>8
AS one looks at the well-lit, well-ordered streets and handsome
L buildings of present-day Victoria it seems a far cry to
pioneer days, and yet there, may be some still among us
who remember the romance, witchery and fascination of those
bygone years, when most of the English-speaking people dwelt
within "The  Old Fort," and  ministered  unto those without.
The memory of the men and women—whom even we have
been privileged to know, who so bravely and uncomplainingly
endured the hardships and privations inseparable from pioneer
life—is still fresh and fragrant, and from among that long list of
illustrious names we single out one for the purpose of this story
—one whose ears were not deaf to the cry of pain, whose eyes
were not blind to the sight of suffering, and whose heart was not
untouched by the sorrows and infirmities of others.
Such an one was the late saintly BISHOP EDWARD
CRIDGE, who, from a clerical point of view, has been justly
styled "The Grand Old Man of British Columbia," and who, as
the Rev. Edward Cridge, Dean of Christ Church, was the Father
of Hospital Service in what was then known as "The Colony of
British  Columbia."
The story is a simple one, told in later years by the Bishop
himself with no thought of adulation or self-credit, or any motive
other than to perpetuate the record of an interesting event.
It came to pass "in this wise."
The Rev. E. Cridge was appointed Chaplain of the Hudson's
Bay Co., Victoria, in the year 1854, and on Sunday morning, April
1st, 1855, he and his bride arrived from England in the "Marquis
of Bute," anchored off Macaulay Point, and were able to "make a
landing" the following day, "wànd and tide permitting."
At first they lived in The Fort (Fort Victoria), in a building
situated where The Canadian Bank of Commerce now stands, but
at the end of the year (1855) they moved into "The Parsonage" pioneer Da^s
on Humboldt Street, which, with the "Church on the Hill" (Christ
Church), was built by the Hudson's Bay Co. out of the Colonial
It was in 1858 that one day a sick man was found lying on a
mattress inside the gate of this Parsonage. The man admitted
that he had been brought there by certain parties, who shall be
nameless. "I asked him," said the Bishop, "why they had brought
him to my house, and clandestinely, too?" "Oh," he said, "they
thought you were the proper man," and I suppose I was under
the circumstances. So the Parsonage became the first Home
Hospital in the Colony. pioneer Daçs
The Bishop continued : "I appealed to His Excellency the
Governor, who took the matter up and nominated a Provisional
Committee as follows : Mr. Dallas, a Director of the Hudson's
Bay Co. ; Mr. A. F. Pemberton, Magistrate and Commissioner of
Police, and myself, District Minister of Victoria.
"We used, temporarily, a cottage kindly loaned (rent free) by
Mr. Blinkhorn, on the corner of Yates and Broad Streets," afterwards occupied by the B. C. Hardware Company, and now by
The J. M. Whitney Co., Jewellers.  .
Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Seeley wrere put in charge, the latter as
"Steward," while a man of Spanish extraction, named Emmanuel,
"a faithful industrious fellow," was "man of all work," which, in
those days, was not a misnomer.
Showing the Gate where the First Patie
The name of the first patient was Braithwaite, and others soon
followed, so that the cottage was generally full. As the necessity
for more accommodation became urgent, the Committee was enlarged and set to work to secure a suitable site for a building.
(The additional names are not given).
Finally, after much difficulty and discussion they "took possession of" a piece of land on the Indian Reserve and erected a wooden i \S$5M
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building on the site of what was, later, the Marine Hospital. "The
Government," be it noted, "though not consulted, offered no
Dr. Trimble was appointed Medical Officer in charge, a
pamphlet containing the Constitution and By-Laws of the new
institution was printed, and The Royal Hospital became an accomplished fact.
From Bishop Cridge's Diary we learn that Divine Service was
held in the Hospital for the first time on December 19th, 1858,
and a later note informs us that on Sunday, February 13, 1859,
collections for the Hospital were taken up in Christ Church at
both morning and afternoon services, amounting to $149. This is
the first record we have of an "Hospital Sunday."
In 1860 Victoria's first Directory was issued, and in it we
find this entry :
"We have an Hospital (Royal), started originally by the Rev.
Edward Cridge of Christ Church, and now sadly overburdened
with debt."
A record which is of special interest is contained in the Report
of the Grand Jury, presented on February 1st, 1861, as follows:
"The Committee also visited the Hospital and found 13 patients, including
one Indian, who all appeared to be doing well.
"We found that a water-closet was much needed for the sick ward and
also sundrie small repairs were needed to the Building—we would also urge
that more Bedding, Cots, etc., be furnished, so that the inmates be made
as comfortable as possible as we noticed that the present blankets are much
soiled owing to not having a change of Bedding.
ired and
"A new stove is mu
would also urge that a br
needed, or the old one should b<
: chimnev be built in the kitchen."
It is scarcely to be wondered at that the Chief Justice
(Cameron) stated that the Grand Jury had "exceeded its powers"
in connection with this report, owing, no doubt, to the publicity
given to existing conditions.
Before the end of that year further accommodation was found
necessary, and an appeal made • to the Colonial Secretary, who
asked for more definite information, whereupon the following letter
was sent : Pioneer IDaçs
"Department of Lands and Works,
"Victoria, May 6th, 1862.
"I have the honour to report that I have enquired into the requirements
of the Hospital Committee, with reference to the increased accommodation
as proposed, and to state that, a separate building 18' x 30' completed with
doors, windows^ and ventilators, including whitewash and paint, also water-
closet and 6 plain, strong bedsteads can be constructed for $625 and within
a fortnight.
"I have the honour to be. Sir,
"Your most obedient servant,
"William A. J. Young, Es<
"Colonial Secretary."
With regard to "the burden of debt" we find an entry in the
Bishop's Diary to the effect that "The Hon. J. S. Helmcken was
then elected President, and, under his capable management, and
assistance from the Government, the debt was cleared and the
Hospital grewr and prospered."
Unfortunately a copy of the pamphlet containing the Constitution and By-Laws has not been preserved, but the records of
the first cases admitted to the Hospital are available in manuscript
and make interesting reading.
One Antoine Malbeouf, "poisoned by mistake," applied for
admission and threatened to "go into the liquor business" if he
was refused !. In .consequence of this noble ( ! ) resolve he was
admitted after promising to pay his expenses by working for the
Hospital, and we find him later "digging a wrell" with this object
in view.
It is worthy of note that many of the patients did not consider
any claim could be made upon them unless they wrere cured, and
there are entries to this effect :
"H  Y  engages to pay $8 a week if he recovers."
"Mr. J will see to it that he repays in case he is discharged
cured," etc., etc. Quite a wise precaution on the part of the
patient, but the observance of which, we note, has not been perpetuated, for obvious reasons. Pioneer Daps
MRS. HARRIS, Mayoress
One entry records the fact
that Seeley, the Steward, had
reported that "Hall, the water
carrier, had taken Mrs. Smith
(a patient) away from the
Hospital for a walk and was
absent for two hours and a
half !" For which, to us, quite
pardonable offence, he was
brought before the Magistrate
and told that "he need not
supply the Hospital with water
any more." Had the lady been
less attractive he would probably have been more leniently
dealt with !
In the beginning of the following year (1868) the urgent
necessity arose for Hospital accommodation for female patients,
some particularly sad cases having been brought to the attention
of the ladies of the community, who, in the midst of their busy
lives, having no "help" and few, if any, modern conveniences, yet
found time to devote to the needy and suffering, and well is it for
humanity that the Order of "Elect" Ladies, who "ministered of
their substance," did not cease
with the Apostolic Age.
A meeting was held at The
Parsonage on April 24th, 1863,
at which were present Mrs.
Harris, Mayoress, Mrs. Cridge,
Miss Cridge, Mrs. Alfred Fel-
lowes, Miss Nagle, Mrs. Pid-
well, Miss Reid, Miss Thorne,
Mrs. C.Woods, Mrs. R.Woods.
Apologies for non-attendance were received from Mrs.
Helmcken, Mrs. Krimler, Mrs.
Shepherd, Mrs. Thorne, Mrs.
MRS.* CRIDGE pioneer 2>açs
They met "for the purpose of taking into consideration the
best means of providing Hospital care for females in need and
Previous to this a letter, signed by Mrs. Harris and Mrs.
Cridge, had been sent to the Board of Directors of the Royal
Hospital and that body had obtained a grant of £150 from the
Government towards the. erection of a Female Ward.
Therefore the ladies mentioned above formed themselves into
an Association for the purpose of collecting money with which
to complete and maintain the ward.
Mrs. Harris was elected President and, according to the
minutes, "Mr. Cridge offered his services as Honorary Secretary,
which offer was accepted unanimously."
The town was divided into districts, and it is interesting at
this distance of time to note the divisions and the ladies appointed
to collect in those districts.
Miss Nagle . James Bay next the sea.
Miss Harris - James Bay behind.
Miss Reid , Government Street
Mrs. Pidwell Humboldt Street.
Mrs. Krimler Yates, Broad and Douglas Streets.
Miss Cridge Fort Street.
Miss Thorne View and Meares Streets.
Mrs. R. Woods Back District from St. John's Church.
Mrs. C. Woods Quadra, McClure, Vancouver Streets.
A copy of the "Original Prospectus" issued is reproduced. IPioneer Daçs
Object—To Provide Hospital Care for Females in Need and Sickness.
During the past year many patients of this class have been provided with
Medical Attendance and otherwise supported by voluntary contributions; and
the want of a Hospital for Females has been severely felt.
In consequence of a representation from members of the Female
Emigration Committee proposing the establishment of a Female Ward, to be
supported by the Women of Vancouver Island, the Board of Directors of the
Royal Hospital have obtained a grant from the Government of £150 towards
that object.
A Committee, composed of the Mayoress and many other Ladies, has
been formed for the purpose of raising funds and attending to such cases as
require relief.
It is proposed to raise the requisite means by Monthly subscriptions.
One dollar per month is asked for, but smaller sums will be thankfully
received, as will also donations from the inhabitants generally towards the
Building Fund.
The rules for the admission of patients will, so far as they are applicable,
be those which are in force in the Royal Hospital; and the number of patients
will be limited by the state of the funds.
The Women of Vancouver Island are appealed to in behalf of this
object, in the confidence that they will gladly take upon themselves the
benevolent work of alleviating the afflictions of those of their own sex who
may be laid low in poverty and sickness.
Victoria, May 12, 1863. Hon. Sec.
The ladies also undertook to visit their ward in rotation week
by week, and in the words of the late Miss Maude Cridge, to whom
the writer is deeply indebted,
"There were no tram cars, no motors, no paved roads or sidewalks—but,
nothing daunted, the ladies picked their dainty steps over rough roads to
collect the needful money or lifted their voluminous skirts and stepped into
the dirty ferry boat in order to visit their ward in the Royal Hospital on the
Songhees Indian Reserve on the other side of the Harbour."
The following Report, presented by Dean Cridge at the Annual
Meeting held on December 31st, 1865, will explain the necessity
for abandoning the Female Ward at the Royal Hospital and building the Female Infirmary. Pioneer 3>aç6
HELD IN 1865     '
FEMALE INFIRMARY     I J:^Z£t?Z« ££rL*££2
FOR THE thanks of the Association for her energetic dis-
A Concert, kindly given at Government House
by His Excellency the  Governor and Mrs.  Ken
nedy, in aid of the Infirmary, realised the hand
some sum of $402.
The   refusal   of   the   House   of   Assembly   to
assist the Infirmary may justify a few words of
explanation.    Before the Ladies' Association was
MRS.  KENNEDY,        |    LADY   DOUGLAS.
formed, no provision was made for the sick of
the female sex.    The Royal Hospital being de
signed only  for men,  the  surgery,  the  kitchen,
the clothes room,  became in turns, in" cases of
emergency,   the   extempore   female   ward.     The
MRS. HILLS,               1      MRS.  PEARSE,
promoters of the Female Infirmary provided for
MRS. CRIDGE,                  MRS.  PIDWELL,
their first patients in private houses.   Afterwards
MRS. HARRIS,                  MRS. WOOD,
MRS. M'DONALD,      I     MRS. R. WOODS.
the   Managers   of   the   Royal   Hospital,   having
acquired additional accommodation, appropriated
a  Ward  to  the  use  of the  Ladies'   Committee,
The Managing Committee and the Collectors.
who  fitted it up at their own expense,  paying
$5   a   week   for   their   nurse's   board.     Several
DR. ASH,                      1     DR. HAGGIN,
DR. DAVIE,                        DR.  POWELL,
reasons induced, or rather necessitated, a change,
DR.  DICKSON,             1     DR.  TRIMBLE.
first,   the   intervention   of   the   Indian   village,
always  offensive,  and  sometimes dangerous,   for
the  visiting  ladies;    secondly,   the   difficulty   of
carrying out their own arrangements in another
The Female Infirmary is supported by monthly
establishment;   to which may be added divided
subscribers, whose contributions are received by
Ladies,   who  visit  from house to   house.in  the
Under   these   circumstances,   the   Ladies'   Com
districts respectively assigned to them for that
mittee  removed their  patients  from  the  Royal
Hospital,   and,   by  the   aid  of  the  public,   have
The medical attendants render their services
erected  a  handsome  building  on  a   noble  site,
gratuitously in monthly rotation;   each also con
where they are gratified to inform the subscribers
ducting to its termination the case which he first
they#have been able to provide for their patients
The internal duties of the Infirmary are wholly
The refusal of the House of Assembly to grant
performed by one person.    Mrs. Ford, as Matron,
the sum of $250, in lieu of a similar sum voted
Nurse, and Housekeeper, receives for her services
by them last year in aid of the Building Fund,
$25   per  month   wages,   and   $5   per  week   for
but not paid, has entailed some inconvenience on
board, together with fuel and lights.
the Managers, inasmuch as, relying on this grant,
The Ladies of the Managing Committee visit
the Infirmary in monthly rotation.
they incurred expenses which they might either
defraying.     The debt on the site and Building
Eighteen Patients have been admitted into the
Infirmary since the last report—six in 1864, and
cases  of great  severity.     Of  these,  three  have
to ^nable^em"^ d^fVthL IbTand totfd
valeseentd   The^nflmuny taw bÎm a^fome Tnd
them in their exertions on behalf of a class who
have no other refuge but their sympathy.
E.  CRIDGE, Hon. Secretary. rast:
pioneer 2>aç0
1864,  to  DEC.  31st,  1S65.
Adams, D. F. .. 7   :
Alisky   3
Alston   10
Boscowitz   5
Bowman    15   ■
Bacon  — 4
Blinkhorn   10  '
Booth    7   .
Batternoll   6
Burr     20
Bond   3
Blunden     4
Blakeney   10
Bissett     23
Brown's  Mrs
School   4
Cohen, M. R     8   I
Cochrane      6
Carter  -      7
Curtis       5
Crate, S     8
Carr    -   12
Cridge     12   !
Carswell  -  12
Drake      10
Davison   -  10   ;
David, Mrs      6   ;
Deans        3
Doolan, Rev. A.     5
Douglas, Lady...   16
Donation     10
Davis, Miss C...     4
Denman, Admiral
and Mrs   17
Elliott ..
Eberhardt   8
Elford   11
Fleming     6
Fellowes, Alfred 5
Fellowes, Arthur 13
Fabre   3
Fowler    ----- 2   :
Foster   5
A Friend ....  3
Green,  Sebright 9
Guild   7
Gilson, Arch-
Gouch    ""-.- 5
Geats   4
George     2
Grahamslaw   8
Hall, Mrs  11
Hamilton   8
Hamilton,  L.   - 5
Hayward   6
Harris   19
Howard   8
Hibben  .— 6
Hart     3
Hills, The Bishop
and Mrs  20
Irving   4
Jenman,  Louisa 5
A. C  12
Kent .
King .
Le _
Lady, A      2   5
Lewis   .>.-  19
Lang  -   15
Lyons          5
Langley      9
McKenzie         5
Marwick       3   2
Moss    11
McCann        5  5
Muir       4
Muir, Michael...     4
Miller   -.      7   5
McCready   '..     7
Mouatt        9   5
McNeil         5
McCreight, Mrs. ^14
Moore, T      3
McDonald    19
McKay    -  12
Munro       14
Mattheisen       7
Nesbit         3
Neeley        3
Newbury       4   c
Nicol        5
Nathan   ....     5
O'Reilley        5
Pitts       5
Pemberton, Miss    8
Patrick,  Mrs      3
Pearse       43   I
Piazzio   --     2   '
Phillips        5
Pike         3   {
Powell       4
Pickett      3
Reinhart       5
Russell     14
Richard     10   !
Redfern    15
Reynolds     17
Robertson         9  '
Reid, Miss      3
Roscoe, Mrs      3
Stronach, Mrs... 20
Sporborg     12
Scott        5
Sayward        7
Spelde     11
Stott,   Miss     3   i
Southgate      14
Sproat     17
Sutro       2
Searby    11
Sandrie       2
Shepherd    11
Seeley         4
Steele   10
Turner      11
Thomas   ,      5
Todd, Mrs     3
Trounce      21
Tiedeman     14
Tarbell     10
Wood .
Young .
Zinn   ...
Will .
Wright   : 14
Woods, R  10
Woods, C  8
Wallace,   C  12
Wallace   5
Watson     2
Wagner     2
Westgarth     5
Mrs. Pearse $135 50 Miss Nagle	
Miss Harris  177 50 Miss  Reid	
Miss Thome.... 140 25 Mrs. Townsend
Miss Jessie Miss Leggatt
Nagle   87 Miss   Pitts	
Miss McKenzie 91 2 5 Mrs.   Pidwell..
Miss McDonald 37 50 Miss Baillie....
Miss Cridge 208 95 Mrs.  Hills	
Mrs. Harris  31 12 Mrs.  Guild	
Mrs. Sporborg. 4 7 Mrs. Ford's box
Mrs. R. Woods 53 Mrs. Fisher	
Mrs. M. Thain 50 60 Mrs. C. Woods
Mrs.  Ella  41 50 Mrs. King	
Mrs. Kennedy  $
Mrs.   Rhodes	
Miss Yates	
C. J. King 	
Mr.   Weir,   for  Funeral  expenses  of  a
Mrs.  Hurst,  Patient   	
Mr.   Cook's  child,  Patient  	
Rev. A. Doolan	
Miss  Thain	
Mrs.  Stronach  	
Collected  for  furnishing Hospital	
Mr. Pearson 	
S. Johnson, A Patient 	
Balance of Building Fund 	
Proceeds of Concert 	
Government Grant to Account 	
Mrs. Webb, a Patient 	
Mrs.   Bowman	
J. W. Williams	
Balance from 1863	
inses for Patients..~$573   50
Royal Hospital   250  00
ting and Advertising    27   50
To Expenses for Patients..._$915 25
To Contractor for Building..  500 00
To Printing and Advertising    67 00
To Furnishings    444 85
To Balance in Hand      83 10—$2953
J. G. SHEPHERD, Hon. Treasurer. i6
pioneer S)açs
The description of the laying of the foundation stone of this
building, which was afterwards taken over by the Hospital
authorities and became The Royal Hospital, should find a place
in these records, as it only ceased to exist when the present Royal
Jubilee Hospital was built.
The following is from The Victoria Daily Chronicle of
November 24th, 1864:
"The ceremony of laying the corner stone of the Female Infirmary, at
the head of Pandora Street, took place yesterday, and attracted a large concourse of people to the spot, a great proportion of whom were ladies. The
building, which is to be a commodious one-story frame, is situated on a
commanding site at the head of Pandora Street, overlooking the city and
harbour, Royal Bay and the Straits, from Dungeness to Point Ringgold—
the view taking in for a long distance the American and Metchosin shores,
Race Rocks, etc.; the whole presenting a scene of unexampled beauty and
loveliness to which the pencil of an artist could scarce  do justice.
"Among those present we noticed Lady Douglas and Mrs. Kennedy,
Admiral and Mrs. Denman, the Mayor and Mayoress, Revs. Mr. Cridge,
Mr. Dundas and Mr. Woods, of the Church of England; Rev. Mr. Evans,
of the Wesleyan Church; Rev. Mr. Hall, of the Presbyterian Church; Rev.
Dr. Cohen, of the Congregation Emmanu-el, and many others.
"Mayor Harris opened the proceedings by introducing Rev. Dr. Evans,
who offered up a most impressive prayer, invoking the blessing of the
Almighty upon the institution and upon those who had been instrumental
in founding it,  and concluding with  the  Lord's  Prayer.
"Rev. E. Cridge then read the following document, which
sequently placed beneath the corner stone of the building," and
which has been brought to light:—
" 'This day, Wednesday, November 23* A. D. 1864, was laid,
ence  on  the  blessing  of  Almighty   God,  the  corner  stone  of  th
Female Infirmary, by Mrs. Harris, Mayoress of Victoria.
s the
in depend-
e  Victoria
enclosed herewith are the first public appeal on behalf of the institu-
i the first annual report, conveying information as to its objects and
orking;   also copies of the local daily papers published in Vancouver
h Co
he association
James Dougla
•  Island,  etc.;
nt—Mrs. Harris, M ay ore
tit Gove
is of Vi
nor ot
s, K. C. B., latt
Mrs. Kennedy
iver Island, etc pioneer Da\>$
" 'General   Committee  and  Collectors—Mrs.   Harris,   Mr
E.   Cridge,   Mrs.   Guild,   Miss   Harris,   Miss   Mackenzie,   Mi
Pearse,   Miss   McDonald,   Mrs.   Pidwell,   Miss   Reid,   Mrs.
Thorne, Mrs
ch, Mrs. C. Woods, Mrs. R. Woods, Mr
;. Cridge, Miss
;s Nagle, Mrs.
Reinhart, Mrs.
Murray Thain.
ell, Mrs
Mrs.   Guild,   Mrs.
ng   Committee—Mrs.   Harris,   Mrs.   Cridge
Reinhart, Mrs. C. Woods, Mrs. R. Woods.
ry Treasurer—J. G.  Sheppard,  Esq.
ry  Secretary—Rev.   E.   Cridge.
s—Thomas Harris, Esq., Mayor of Victoria; Edward Cridge,
Rector of Christ Church; J. G. Sheppard, Esq., Manager Bank of B.N. A.;
Augustus F. Pemberton, Esq., Stipendiary Magistrate; John Wright, Esq.,
" 'Architects—Messrs. Wright and Saunders.
" 'Builder—James  McKee.'
"The rev. gentleman (Mr. Cridge) then proceeded to deliver an explanatory address, stating that some three years ago a project was set on foot
in England by the Bishop of Columbia and others to promote the immigration of females to this colony. He regretted to say that only two shiploads
had come hither. The first came in the Tynemouth, more than two years
ago. He was recommended by Governor Douglas to form a committee of
ladies to take charge of the females. He did so, and a great many, he was
glad to say, had done well and were doing well in service or as wives. The
second shipload was by the Robert Lowe. Two of the girls landed sick, and
notwithstanding every attention from the ladies of Victoria, died, and it was
this circumstance that impressed on the ladies of Victoria the necessity that
existed for an institution of this kind. The association was fortunate in
having as patronesses Lady Douglas and Mrs. Kennedy, and as for Mrs.
Harris, the president, everybody would agree that she was the right person
in the right place. It was necessary to go on collecting subscriptions from
citizens and not to pause until the whole $4,000 required had been brought in.
"Mr. Cridge paid, a high compliment to the lady collectors of the institution and thought that the citizens had reason to be proud that the women
of Victoria had proved themselves so public-spirited as in this case. The
women of Victoria he looked upon as the backbone of the undertaking.
The object of the institution was to give relief to those females who were
unable to help themselves—destitute, away from friends, strangers in a
strange land. There were others who could not defray the whole expense
incident to their sickness, and such also would find a home there. The
benefits of the Association would be extended to all classes and denominations; and the reverend gentleman regretted that a misconception had arisen
in the minds of a portion of the public because other subscriptions for a
similar institution were put on foot at the same time with this, which gave
rise to an impression that this was limited in its character, which he again
begged to assure the public was not the case. mgiVi
pioneer 2>a\>0
"Mrs. Harris then proceeded to lay the corner stone, being assisted by
Mr. Wright, of the firm of Wright & Saunders, architects. On receiving the
silver mallet and trowel,  Mrs.  Harris  said:
" 'In the name of the ladies of this association and in the presence of
Almighty God, I lay the corner stone of the Victoria Female Infirmary.'
"After having performed this duty, Mrs. Harris made a few remarks
which elicited hearty applause from those who were fortunate enough to be
within reach of her voice. After short but effective addresses from the
Mayor, Rev. Mr. Hall and Rev. Mr. Dundas, the assemblage dispersed."
Excerpt from letter of Dean Cridge :
"To P. J. Hankin, Esq.,
"Administrator of the Government.
"July 22, 1869.
"The building  (Female Infirmary)  is of a very superior  character,  was
erected by public subscription and cost, together with the site, $4,000."
The Matron of this building "of a very superior character"
was to receive the princely remuneration of $25 per month, and,
to quote again from the Minutes : "It was unanimously agreed
that when there is no patient in the Infirmary no salary shall be
paid to the Matron but that the usual allowances for board, lights
and firing be continued."
The Medical Men of the city co-operated very heartily in this
movement, and the following letter was received by Rev. E. Cridge,
Hon. Secretary :
"Victoria, May 3rd, 1865.
"My dear Sir,
"I am authorized on behalf of the Surgeons attending the 'Royal
Hospital' to offer their services gratuitously to the Female Hospital.
"Will you be so kind as to place their communication before the
Directresses at your earliest convenience.
"I am, dear Sir,
"Very faithfully yours,
And in addition to this, Doctors Trimble, Ash, Powell and Davie
sent personal letters to the ladies offering their "professional services" to "your valuable Institution."
Needless to say these offers were gratefully accepted, each
doctor "taking - charge" by monthly rotation and being requested
"to conduct to their respective terminations the cases which he
begins to attend." ' -
pioneer Da\>6
In connection with this rotation a paragraph from Dr. T. W.
Powell's letter is of special significance :
"The custom which prevails in the 'Royal Hospital' of Physicians attending it in 'monthly rotation' is a most pernicious one, both to the responsible
medical man and the poor patient under his charge—a custom which, in my
opinion, would be greatly obviated by three months continuous attendance
instead of one. This would Wen be preferable to the system you are about
to inaugurate, of no special time for attendance being allowed other than the
principle of continuing a case to its termination."
Many references are made to the Female Infirmary in Dean
Cridge's Diary, and it was not very long before circumstances
pointed to the necessity for amalgamating the two Hospitals.
For the Opening of the Present Administration Building, 1890
The ladies were finding the financial burden too heavy
them, and the public-spirited citizens, already over-taxed, could
respond to the demands made upon them for maintaining
separate Institutions, involving duplication of equipment and
vice, and with but one aim and object—the care of the sick and
amelioration of suffering.
Dean Cridge, therefore, at the end of the year 1869, urged
union of the two Hospitals, and Dr. J. S. Helmcken's sugges
tion pioneer Way*
"that the Board take over the Female Infirmary and that the
patients from the Royal Hospital be moved there and the Institution in future be known as The Royal Hospital," met with universal
approval, the Directors promising to maintain a Female Ward and
the ladies pledging their continued interest and support.
Thus step by step this union was accomplished and the foundation "well and truly laid" for the great and noble work which later
found fuller expression in the fine Institution now widely known as
The story of this is fresh in the memory of all, and it will be a
simple matter now for another pen to follow and complete these
But let it be said, as a tribute to the men and women upon
whose hearts the burden of those wrho sorrowed and suffered in
this community was first laid and who shirked it not, that, however
magnificent in structure, size and equipment the buildings may
be which will eventually supersede the simple Hospital Building
of pioneer days—all it stood for will ever remain a monument to
the Triple Dynamic of Faith, Hope and Love which fired the hearts,
kindled the enthusiasm, and inspired the generosity of those faithful, loving souls of early years.
"They climbed the steep ascent of heaven,
Through peril, toil and pain:
O God, to us may grace be given
To follow in their train."
I "wish to express my deep indebtedness to the family of the late Bishop
Cridge, to £Mr. Forsythe and Staff of The Provincial Library, 'Parliament
Buildings, for 'valuable records placed unreservedly at my disposal, and to
£Miss Mackenzie, of The Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospitalx for suggesting
to me this "labour of love" and assisting me in every possible way.


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