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Report of the Public Archives for the years 1955-1958 Public Archives of Canada; Lamb, W. Kaye (William Kaye), 1904- 1959

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Array CANADA
Report
on the
Public Archives
for the years
1955-1958  REPORT ON
THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES  REPORT
on the
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
FOR THE YEARS
1955-1958
THE QUEEN'S PRINTER AND CONTROLLER OF STATIONERY
OTTAWA, 1959
68376-3—U Price 50 cents     Cat. No. SA 1-58
Available from the Queen's Printer
Ottawa, Canada Ottawa, February 1, 1959.
The Honourable Ellen Fairclough,
Minister of Citizenship and Immigration,
Ottawa.
Madam,—I have the honour to submit to you, in your
capacity as Minister responsible for the administration of the
Public Archives, a report on the activities of the Archives
during the years 1955 to 1958.
This was a period of great expansion and development,
and some details of the work that was accomplished, and of
the many notable additions that were made to the collections,
are given in the pages that follow.
Respectfully submitted,
Wm. Kaye Lamb,
Dominion Archivist.  Report on the Public Archives
1955-1958
The four years under review were a period of marked
expansion and development for the Public Archives. Many
important items were added to the department's collections
of manuscripts, official records, microfilms, maps, pictures and
printed material relating to the history of Canada. In addition,
completion of the new Records Centre at Tunney's Pasture
made it possible for the Archives to function for the first time
as a full-fledged public record office, and to offer important
new services to departments and agencies of the Government.
Lastly, the close relationship existing between microfilming
and records management was recognized by the transfer to
the Archives of responsibility for the operations of the Central
Microfilm Unit.
RECORDS CENTRE
The Records Centre, which is one of the group of Government buildings at Tunney's Pasture, in Ottawa West, was
handed over to the Archives on January 3, 1956. It was
formally opened on April 10, after the installation of shelving
and other essential equipment. The building is approximately
200 feet square and there are five storeys; floor area totals
more than four acres. Initially 20 miles of steel shelving were
installed; another 20 miles were added in 1957. When all the
filing rooms are fully equipped, the building will have 62 miles
of shelving.
In addition to file rooms, the Centre has receiving and
sorting rooms, a fumigating chamber, offices, reference rooms
and a research room. It is thus a fully-equipped branch of
the Public Archives, with all necessary reference and research
facilities.
The primary purpose of the Centre is to take over from
departments and agencies all records that are not required for
day-to-day use. Such records can be divided, in a rough and
ready way, into "dead" files and "dormant" files. As the
name implies,  the former are seldom if ever consulted.    In PUBLIC ARCHIVES
the Records Centre they are examined and their future determined, in consultation with the departments in which they
originated. The department advises with regard to their
practical value, or lack of it; the Archives determines whether
or not they contain material of long-term importance or historic
interest. Files that are retained for departmental use are filed
in the Records Centre ; those of historical importance will -
ultimately be transferred to the Public Archives Building.
Useless material is disposed of through the Public Records
Committee, established by Order-in-Council in 1945. Particulars of the files for disposal are submitted to the Committee;
if the Committee concurs in the recommendation that they
should be destroyed, it in turn recommends their destruction
to Treasury Board. Although experience indicates that large
quantities of old records can be destroyed, and much valuable
space and equipment thereby freed for further use, due care is
taken to see that files of interest or importance are not disposed
of. As the procedure outlined above indicates, every proposal
to destroy "dead" records must pass scrutiny from the departmental, historical, financial and legal points of view.
Files are considered to be in the "dormant" category if,
on the average, references to them are not more frequent than
one reference per file drawer per month. Much of the
"dormant" material that has been transferred to the Records
Centre must be referred to occasionally by the departments
from which it came, and the reference staff of the Centre will
. either check a file, or return the file itself to the department on
loan, whichever the department prefers. In many instances
additional files are transferred to the Centre from time to time
which must be integrated with the files already there; these
"interfiles" must be handled with care and accuracy, and they
are an important aspect of the service offered to departments
by the Records Centre.
Inventories and detailed accession lists of all records transferred to the Centre are compiled for the information of both
the departments and the Archives. These lists are so arranged
that, if merely given the file number under which a document
was filed in a departmental registry, the staff of the Centre can
find, quickly and accurately, any one amongst the hundreds
of thousands of individual documents that have been placed
in their keeping. Quick access to records in the Centre can
thus be guaranteed, and this is naturally an important consideration to departments that send their files to it. REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 9
The following statistics summarize the activities of the
Records Centre in the first three years of its operation:
1956 1957 1958
Cubic feet of records accessioned     53,471        29,007       31,242
Square feet of floor space cleared in
other buildings     46,291        21,609        19,742
Requests for loans of files  received
from departments       3,777        15,404       35,958
Interfiles       1,421 7,838       63,715
Cubic feet of records destroyed  240 7,425 4,648
Up to December 31, 1958, the Centre had thus received
113,720 cubic feet of records, and had cleared a total of 87,642
square feet (more than two acres) of floor space in offices, filing
rooms, vaults, basements, attics and storage rooms in other
buildings. These records came from 28 departments and
agencies of the Government. Much of the material transferred
was placed in special cardboard cartons that are cheap, reasonably dust proof, and use the space on the Centre's shelves to
maximum advantage. As a result, large quantities of filing
equipment were released, much of which could be used again by
departments. In the three-year period 13,881 transfer cases
and 5,377 filing cabinets were released in this way.
Except in a few instances, it seems probable that most
departments and agencies have now sent to the Centre the bulk
of the "dead" and "dormant" records that were causing acute
crowding and space problems. The next step will be to persuade
them to make the regular transfer of their older files to the
Records Centre an integral part of their whole registry and
records systems. Only in this way can the full benefit of the
facilities and economies offered by the Centre be secured.
Careful planning will be necessary to bring this about, and in
December 1958 the Public Records Committee appointed a
small investigating committee with a view to securing for the
Committee and the Archives the data necessary to plan for the
future from a long-term point of view.
In 1957, at the request of Treasury Board, the Records
Centre undertook the task of assembling, sorting, culling and
filing all personnel records relating to men and women who
have been in the Civil Service, but who ceased to be employed,
for one reason or another, at least three years ago.    This is
68376-3—2 10 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
a complicated undertaking, and amongst other things involves
bringing together files held by the Civil Service Commission,
the Superannuation Branch of the Department of Finance,
and all employing departments and agencies. Good progress
is being made, and files are now being processed at the rate of
about 12,000 per month.
CENTRAL MICROFILM UNIT
Responsibility for the administration of the Central
Microfilm Unit was transferred from the Department of Public
Printing and Stationery to the Public Archives on April 1, 1956.
Later in the year the Unit was moved to new quarters in the
Records Centre at Tunney's Pasture.
At one time there was a tendency to regard microfilming
as a cure-all; some enthusiasts even advocated that all records
should be microfilmed. To this there are several conclusive
objections. First, experience has shown that the records of the
various departments and agencies include a great deal of material
that does not need to be retained permanently in any form.
Secondly, microfilming on such a wholesale scale would be
prohibitive in cost; it would be far cheaper to build storage
centres and retain the original records themselves.
There are, however, a number of ways in which microfilming
can be employed to great advantage in record keeping, and it
is now being used extensively by the Government of Canada.
Broadly speaking, it serves two purposes. First, it offers a
relatively quick and cheap means of duplicating important
documents, loss of which would be a serious matter either to the
country as a whole, or to a large number of individuals. The
Privy Council records, which are microfilmed month by month,
are an example of key administrative papers that are protected
in this way. The very extensive war service records in the
Department of Veterans Affairs, which are being microfilmed
for security reasons, illustrate the care taken to safeguard
records of vital concern to individuals. The Manuscript
Division of the Archives is microfilming its more important
collections, in order to provide a safeguard against the great
loss that would result from damage to or destruction of the
original documents.
The second purpose of microfilming is to save space. As
already noted, costs make this an expensive policy, but under
certain conditions it is fully justified.    If extensive and bulky REPORT FOR
THE FE.4.&S 1955-1958
11
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68376-3—21 12 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
files must be retained permanently in some form, and if a facsimile will serve the purpose as well as the original, microfilming may offer substantial long-term economies. Modern
census records are a case in point; a microfilm copy is quite
satisfactory, once the initial tabulations have been completed,
and the films are far easier to store and to consult than files
containing many millions of cards.
If departments and agencies are doing sufficient microfilming to give full-time employment to cameras and operators,
filming is usually done by the department's own staff. In
many instances, however, filming is only necessary from time
to time, or the amount done does not justify special staff or
equipment. In such instances the work is done by the Central
Microfilm Unit. By arrangement with the Queen's Printer,
the Unit also supplies film for all microfilm cameras operated
by departments and agencies, and it also offers them processing
and printing services. The Unit operates on a revolving fund,
and makes its services available at cost.
The statistics in the accompanying table summarize the
work done by the Central Unit in the last three financial years,
and in the first nine months of the current year.
MANUSCRIPT DIVISION
Throughout the period under review the staff of the
Division was fully employed in the never-ending task of sorting
and cataloguing manuscripts. Good progress has been made
in the compilation of preliminary inventories. As noted
elsewhere, nine titles in the series were published in the years
1955-58, bringing the total number in print to twenty-eight.
An additional inventory is in the press, and others are in preparation. It seems probable that inventories describing the
whole of the collections will either be in print or available in
the Division in typewritten form by the spring of 1961.
A great many additions have been made to the collections,
and at times the staff has had difficulty in keeping abreast of
them. The more important and interesting items are described
briefly in the notes that follow.
Post-Confederation Political Papers
Blake Papers. Edward Blake (1833-1912), a brilliant
lawyer who for 20 years was a prominent figure in
Canadian   politics,   served   as   Premier   of   Ontario REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 13
(1871-72), Minister of Justice in the Mackenzie
administration (1875-77) and leader of the Liberal
Party (1879-87). Later he left Canada and began a
new and none too happy career as an Irish Nationalist
member in the British House of Commons. His
extensive and revealing correspondence covers the
long period 1867-1908. The original papers are in
the Ontario Archives, which kindly supplied a
microfilm copy (11 reels). Some supplementary and
miscellaneous material was not included in the film.
The original of Blake's commission appointing
him a member of the Executive Council of Ontario,
a collection of addresses presented to him by political
organizations, and copies of several resolutions passed
at the time of his death were given to the Public
Archives in 1956 by Mr. W. R. Wright.
Brown Papers. A major addition to the documentation of
the Confederation period became available when the
Archives received the papers of George Brown (1818-
1880), founder and editor of the Toronto Globe.
Brown was both the leading Canadian journalist of
his day and an active politician; his co-operation in
joining with John A. Macdonald in the "Great Coalition" of 1864 did much to make Confederation
possible. His papers were the gift of his grandson,
Mr. G. E. Brown, of Taynuilt, Argyll, Scotland.
They include more than a thousand letters, as well
as addresses, commissions, etc. Some 350 of the
letters were written to his wife; other important files
consist of correspondence with Alexander Mackenzie
and Edward Blake. The period covered is 1837-1880
(7 feet).    Use of the papers is restricted temporarily.
Fitzpatrick Papers. Sir Charles Fitzpatrick (1853-1942),
defence counsel for Louis Riel in 1885, had a long and
distinguished career in politics and on the bench. He
sat in the Quebec Legislature, 1890-96, and in the
House of Commons, 1896-1906. He was Minister of
Justice in the Laurier government, 1902-06, Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, 1906-18, and
Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec, 1918-23. His extensive papers (about 35 feet) were presented to the
Archives  in   1958  by his grand-daughter,   Madame PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Pierre Sévigny. The files cover the whole period
from 1890 to Sir Charles's death in 1942. Although
there are some gaps, the papers document most
aspects of his remarkable career.
Flavelle Papers. Sir Joseph Flavelle, Bart. (1858-1939),
financier, became specially prominent in public affairs,
during and after the First World War. The large
collection of his papers presented to the Archives by
his family in 1955 relates chiefly to his activities as
Chairman of the Imperial Munitions Board of Canada,
and as Chairman of the Grand Trunk Railway. In
the latter capacity (1920-21) Sir Joseph was responsible
for the complicated reorganization that brought into
existence the Canadian National Railways system.
Other files deal with his business affairs, and with his
activities as a Governor of the University of Toronto.
(26 feet)
Gait Papers. The career of Sir Alexander T. Gait (1817-
1893) is not well documented, since the bulk of his
papers seem to have disappeared. Special interest
therefore attaches to a collection of his correspondence
presented to the Archives by his daughter, Miss
Muriel Gait, in 1956. It relates chiefly to his services
as Inspector General (1858-62), as a delegate to the
London Confederation Conference of 1866-67, and
as first High Commissioner for Canada in London
(1880-83).    (8 inches)
Gouin Papers. The papers of Sir Lomer Gouin (1861-
1929) cover the period from 1888 until his death.
About a third of the collection concerns his administration as Premier of Quebec (1905-20) ; the rest relate
to his term as Minister of Justice in the first King
cabinet (1921-24), his business connections, and his
appointment in 1929 as Lieutenant-Governor of
Quebec. His diaries for the years 1926-29 are included
in the collection, which was presented to the Archives
by Sir Lomer's sons, Senator Léon Mercier Gouin
and Mr. Paul Gouin.    (23 feet)
Two important additional gifts were received
with the Gouin Papers. Senator Gouin gave to the
Archives about 100 letters written in the years 1863-67 REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 15
by his grandfather, the Hon. Honoré Mercier, to his
fiancée, Miss Léopoldine Boivin. At the same time
Mr. Paul Gouin presented a large collection of his own
papers (30 feet), chiefly relating to political matters
in the period 1935-44. The organization of the Action
Libérale Nationale, social unrest in the depression
years, opposition to monopolies and trusts, nationalist
sentiment in Quebec, opposition to conscription and
other issues of the time are dealt with in detail. The
papers also illustrate Mr. Gouin's lively interest in
literature and handicrafts.
Grant Papers. The papers of George Monro Grant (1835-
1902) were deposited in the Archives in 1955 by his
daughter-in-law, Mrs. W. L. Grant. Dr. Grant was
Principal of Queen's University (1878-1902), took an
active interest in public affairs, and was a strong
advocate of the strengthening of Imperial ties. Correspondence makes up about half the collection ; the rest
consists of diaries, drafts of sermons and speeches,
and clippings. The development of Queen's University, the Canadian Pacific Railway and education in
Ontario are amongst the chief topics dealt with.
(6 feet)
Hays Papers. Charles M. Hays, President of the Grand
Trunk Railway, was drowned in the Titanic disaster
in 1912. Most of his papers have been destroyed,
but this highly important fragment has survived and
was presented to the Archives in 1955 by his daughter,
Mrs. Charles Scott. It consists of typewritten copies
of correspondence with Sir Charles Rivers Wilson
regarding the inception and construction of the Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway, 1902-07 (1,132 pages), supplemented by reports on the mountain section of the
GTP line.    (39 pages)
Harvey Papers. Horace Harvey (1863-1949) studied and
practised law in Toronto. In 1893 he moved to
Calgary. He was appointed Deputy Attorney-General
of the Northwest Territories in 1900, and a puisne
judge of the Supreme Court of the Territories in 1904.
He was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Alberta
from 1910 until his death.    His papers, presented in PUBLIC ARCHIVES
1958 by his daughter-in-law, Mrs. A. B. Harvey, are
of particular value because of the light they throw
on legal and judicial affairs in Alberta over a period
of half a century. They also contain much incidental
information about political affairs and economic
development.    (20  feet)
Kemp Papers. After a successful career as a manufacturer,
Sir Albert Edward Kemp (1858-1929) entered politics
in 1900 and was elected to the House of Commons the
same year. He was a member of both the Borden
cabinets and of the Meighen cabinet that succeeded
them. He came to special prominence during the
First World War, when he served as Chairman of the
War Purchasing Commission, 1915-16, Minister of
Militia and Defence, 1916-17, and Minister of Overseas
Forces, 1917-20. His papers, which relate to the
period 1911-20, and throw much light on wartime
problems and activities, were presented to the Archives
in 1958 by the executors of the estate of his widow,
Lady Kemp.    (74 feet)
Lamothe Papers. These consist of the private letterbooks
of Gustave Lamothe, Montreal lawyer. They cover
the period 1886-92, and relate chiefly to politics and
legal work done for religious bodies. The papers
were presented in 1958 by the Lamothe family, through
Dr. Gustave Lanctot.    (511 pages)
Mackenzie Papers. In 1956, through the courtesy of Mrs.
R. F. Thompson, the Archives was permitted to sort
and microfilm an important collection of the correspondence and memoranda of Alexander Mackenzie,
Prime Minister of Canada from 1873 to 1878. The
original papers, which consist of 2,639 pages, have
since been presented to Queen's University. They
relate chiefly to the years when Mackenzie was Prime
Minister and supplement in a most valuable way the
Mackenzie letterbooks that were already in the
possession of the Archives. The papers include some
correspondence of George Brown over the period
1852-67; presumably this was given to Mackenzie
when he was preparing his biography of Brown. REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 17
MacPhail Papers. Through the kindness of her executors,
the Archives received the papers of Miss Agnes
MacPhail (1890-1954), Canada's first woman Member
of Parliament. She was elected to the House of
Commons in 1921 and held her seat until 1940. In
1943 and again in 1948 she was elected to the Ontario
Legislature. Originally a candidate for the United
Farmers of Ontario, she later sat as an independent,
and later still supported the C.C.F. The papers
received include correspondence (1921-45) and subject
files (1930-45); both reflect the wide range of her
interests and activities.    (3 feet)
Magrath Papers. This collection illustrates many aspects
of the remarkable career of Charles A. Magrath (1860-
1949), who was successively a surveyor on the prairies
(1878-84), a land commissioner for the Alberta Railway
and Irrigation Co. (1885-1906), first Mayor of Leth-
bridge (1891), Member of the Legislature of the
Northwest Territories (1891-1902), Member of the
House of Commons (1908-11), Chairman, Canadian
Section, International Joint Commission (1914-35) and
Chairman of the Ontario Hydro Electric Commission
(1925-31). The papers were presented by his daughters
in 1956; the dates range from 1878 to 1940.    (4 feet)
It will be recalled that the papers assembled by
Mr. Magrath when he served as a member of the
Newfoundland Royal Commission (1933) were transferred to the Archives in 1954 by the Department
of External Affairs.
O'Connor Papers. W. F. O'Connor served as legal adviser
to the Minister of Justice (1916-19) and Parliamentary
Counsel to the Senate (1934-40). He was a close
friend of Sir Robert Borden, and helped to arrange
the Borden Papers when Sir Robert was writing his
memoirs. O'Connor's own papers relate to the period
1900-40. They were presented to the Archives in
1955 by Mrs. John A. Macdonald.    (4 feet 8 inches)
Pacaud Papers. This interesting collection consists of
over 350 letters from Sir Wilfrid Laurier to his intimate
friend Ernest Pacaud, the Quebec journalist, and to
Madame Pacaud.    Pacaud assisted Laurier in many
68376-3—3 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
ways in his public career. He kept him informed
about local opinion, served as an organizer, and acted
as spokesman for Laurier and the Liberal Party
through the pages of L'Électeur and Le Soleil, of which
he was editor. In his letters Laurier explained party
problems and policies in detail, and suggested the line
that might be followed in the press. Many of the
letters were printed in whole or in part in Sir Wilfrid
Laurier, Letters to my Father and Mother, edited by
Lucien Pacaud, of Quebec City, son of Ernest Pacaud
(Toronto, 1935). The letters themselves were presented to the Archives by Mr. Lucien Pacaud in 1956.
Parkin Papers. Sir George Parkin (1846-1922), educator
and author, was Headmaster of Upper Canada College
(1895-1902), and organizing representative of the
Rhodes Scholarship Trust from 1902 until his death.
As his papers show, his keen interest in politics, education and Imperial Federation brought him into close
contact with many interesting and influential people.
The collection was presented to the Archives in 1955
by his son, Mr. G. Raleigh Parkin, of Montreal.
(11 feet)
W. H. Pope Papers. These consist of an interesting collection of about 100 letters addressed to William Henry
Pope (1825-1879) in the last twenty years of his life.
One of the Fathers of Confederation, Pope represented
Prince Edward Island at the Charlottetown and
Quebec conferences of 1864. The letters relate chiefly
to Island politics during the period between the Quebec
Conference and 1873, when Prince Edward Island
joined Confederation. Presented in 1958 by Pope's
grandson, Lt.-Gen. Maurice Pope.
Stephen Papers. These consist of letters (305 pages)
written in 1881-89 by Sir John A. Macdonald to Sir
George Stephen (later Baron Mount Stephen), first
President of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Most of
them relate to the difficult days when the transcontinental line was under construction. Stephen's letters
to Macdonald are in the Macdonald Papers, and the
correspondence between the two men is of absorbing REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 19
interest. The Macdonald letters were presented in
1957 by Mr. Stephen Douglas Cantlie, of Montreal, a
nephew of Sir George Stephen.
Stevens Papers. Presented to the Archives in 1955 by the
Hon. H. H. Stevens, these papers comprise one of the
largest and most valuable collections received in
recent years. Mr. Stevens was a Member of Parliament for almost 30 years (1911-40), served in both the
Meighen administrations, and in 1930-34 was Minister
of Trade and Commerce in the Bennett government.
Topics dealt with at length in his papers include
political events in British Columbia, currency problems,
Conservative Party organization and leadership, the
Imperial Economic Conference of 1932, the Royal
Commission on Price Spreads and Mass Buying, the
formation of the Reconstruction Party and the general
election of 1935.    (70 feet)
Mr. Stevens very kindly supplemented his papers
by dictating his recollections of many incidents in his
long career in public life.
White Papers. These consist of subject files assembled by
Sir Thomas White (1866-1955) between 1911 and
1919, when he was serving as Minister of Finance in
the two Borden administrations. The bulk of the
material relates to federal finance, railways, shipping
and trade. The papers were presented in 1955 by Sir
Thomas's executors at the suggestion of the Hon.
J. M. Macdonell.    (8 feet)
Woodsworth-Sissons Letters. These most interesting letters, 101 in number, were written by J. S. Woodsworth
over the period 1899-1937 to his cousin, Dr. C. B.
Sissons, of Toronto. They throw much light on
Woodsworth's character and opinions. The letters
were transferred to the Archives in 1955 through the
kindness of Dr. Sissons and the Trustees of Victoria
University; a photostat copy was given to the
University.
An additional Woodsworth letter was presented
in 1957 by Mr. M. J. Coldwell. Addressed to the
Rev. H. Mick in 1934, it deals with the part played by
church leaders in the C.C.F. and Labour movements.
68376-3—3* PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Interesting additions were made to several collections
already in the Archives. Lady Pentland, daughter of Lady
Aberdeen, who some years ago deposited her mother's journals
in the Archives, added to them several sections covering the
period February-August 1898; these had* been accidentally left
out when the journals were bound. Through the kindness of
Lord Beaverbrook, the Archives was able to add to the Borden
Papers photostats of the correspondence that passed between
Sir Robert and the Rt. Hon. Andrew Bonar Law in the years
1911-23. A further addition came from the Department of
External Affairs, which transferred to the Archives three volumes
of Borden's "War Files" that filled a gap in the Borden Papers.
Correspondence relating to the appointment of Sir
Mackenzie Bowell as K.C.M.G., as well as a scrapbook and
other items were added to the Bowell Papers. They were
presented in 1957 by Mrs. F. Keyser, of Peterborough, through
the Rt. Hon. John Diefenbaker. The large debt of the Archives
to the Sifton family was increased further when Mr. Clifford
Sifton presented a number of documents relating to the Alaska
Boundary Tribunal; these were from the papers of Sir Clifford
Sifton and F. C. Wade. Mr. Sifton also presented a collection
of correspondence, memoranda, etc., that he assembled while
preparing a history of the Sifton family.
A small collection of correspondence, mostly from and to
the late Hartley H. Dewart, and relating to Liberal politics and
the conscription issue in 1916-18, was received from Mrs.
Dewart (now Mrs. Graham Campbell). The papers include an
interesting exchange of letters with Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
Mr. R. N. Hickson, of Montreal, in 1957 gave the Archives
a collection of the correspondence of his father, Sir Joseph
Hickson, general manager of the Grand Trunk Railway in
1874-91. It includes 17 letters from Sir John A. Macdonald
and several from Sir Edward Watkin.
A collection of letters received by John Sandfield
Macdonald in the period 1862-71 from a number of well-known
persons, including Sir John A. Macdonald, Lord Monck and
Edward Blake, was presented to the Archives in 1957 by Mrs.
Thomas Caldwell.
Dr. L. J. Jackman, of Montreal, made available for copying
several scrapbooks kept by his father, Edward M. Jackman, of
St. John's, Newfoundland, in which the latter had pasted
clippings and correspondence relating to his public and political REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 21
activities. The period covered is 1898 to 1915, and the most
important topics dealt with are Jackman's opposition to the
railway contracts with the Reid interests (1898-1904), and his
efforts to bring about Confederation with Canada in the years
1911-15.    (292 pages, photostat)
From the National Archives of the United States the
Archives purchased a microfilm copy (35 feet) of the letters
written to the Department of State in 1867-70 by James Wickes
Taylor, who at the time was serving as a U.S. special agent on
Red River affairs. This film is a very useful supplement to the
microfilm copy (8 reels) of Taylor's own papers that was secured
in 1953 from the Minnesota Historical Society.
The Archives has received on deposit, for safe-keeping, a
number of highly important collections of recent political papers.
These include the papers of the Rt. Hon. CD. Howe, a Liberal
cabinet minister throughout the period 1935-57, those of the
Hon. George Drew, leader of the Progressive Conservative
Party, 1948-56, and the papers of Mr. M. J. Coldwell, national
leader of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation. It is
hoped that ultimately title to these collections may pass to the
Archives, and that they will be added to the great wealth of
post-Confederation papers now in the keeping of the
Manuscript Division.
Earlier Political Papers
Des Barres Papers. Joseph Frederick Wallet Des Barres
(1721-1824) might well be called the man who had
five careers. He served in the British Army and was
present at the capture of Louisbourg and the fall of
Quebec; he next turned hydrographer and produced
the magnificent series of charts of the eastern coast of
North America that was published under the title
The Atlantic Neptune; he was appointed Lieutenant-
Governor of Cape Breton Island in 1784, and helped
to establish the Loyalist settlements there; twenty
years later he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of
Prince Edward Island ; his fifth career was as landlord
of extensive estates in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
He died in Halifax in his 103 rd year. An extraordinarily interesting collection of his papers, consisting
in all of about 7,400 pages, was acquired by the Archives PUBLIC ARCHIVES
in 1958. They throw much light on his character
and career, and on the history of settlement in the
Maritime Provinces.
Shepherd-White Papers. The papers in this collection, also
acquired in 1958, relate to the period 1780-1809.
They include an interesting series of letters written by
John White, first Attorney-General of Upper Canada,
to his brother-in-law, Samuel Shepherd, of London.
They cover the years from 1792 to 1799, when White
was killed in a duel. This correspondence is supplemented by other and later papers that relate to White's
death, his affairs and his family.    (598 pages)
Grey of Howick Papers. Through the kindness of the
University of Durham, the Archives is receiving facsimiles of items of Canadian interest in the papers of
the 2nd Earl Grey (1764-1845) and of Viscount Howick,
later the 3rd Earl Grey (1802-1894). The selections
from the papers of the 2nd Earl include letters received
from Edward Ellis, John Gait and Lord Durham.
The papers of Viscount Howick include most interesting
and informative notes, drafts and proposals on
Canadian affairs, chiefly in the period 1831-39. (145
pages of photostats; 1 reel of microfilm)
Newfoundland Governors. Small collections of the papers of
three British admirals who were governors of Newfoundland are preserved in the National Maritime
Museum at Greenwich. Through the courtesy of the
Museum these were microfilmed in 1955 by the Archives. The three admirals are Thomas Graves, who
served as Governor in 1761-63, Robert Duff (1775-76)
and Charles M. Pole (1800-01).    (135 feet)
In 1956 the National Library of Scotland kindly
arranged for the microfilming of the portions of the
Cochrane Papers that relate to Canada. These include
papers of Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, Commander-in-Chief on the North American Station,
1814-15, and a much larger collection of the papers of
Admiral Sir Thomas Cochrane, first resident Governor
of Newfoundland (1825-34).    Representative govern- REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958
23
ment was granted during Sir Thomas's term of office,
and he presided at the opening of the first representative
legislature in 1832.    (8 reels)
Little Papers. The Archives has microfilmed the
surviving papers of Philip Francis Little, Prime
Minister of Newfoundland from 1855 to 1858. These
refer chiefly to efforts to secure responsible government
and a more satisfactory trade policy. The original
papers were made available for copying by the family
through Memorial University in St. John's.    (35 feet)
Reeves Manuscripts. In 1793 John Reeves, first Chief
Justice of the colony, published the first volume of a
History of the Government and Constitution of Newfoundland. The original manuscript of this volume
was ^ lent for microfilming through Memorial University. Subsequently the Archives secured a microfilm of the manuscript of the second volume, which is
amongst the Liverpool Papers, in the British Museum.
Never printed, this second volume consists of copies
of representations made by the Board of Trade
regarding the fisheries and trade of Newfoundland.
Winslow Papers. Edward Winslow (1746-1815) served his
country in many capacities. Massachusetts-born and
a graduate of Harvard, he chose the British side in the
Revolutionary War and during it was Muster Master
General of the Provincial Forces. He was later a
member of the Executive Council of New Brunswick,
Judge of the New Brunswick Supreme Court and
Secretary of the Boundary Commission appointed
under the terms of Jay's Treaty. His correspondence
and papers (1775-1815) throw much light on the
history of New Brunswick in that period. The collection was microfilmed in 1955 through the courtesy
of Mr. F. E. Winslow, of Victoria, B.C., Mrs. Winslow-
Spragge, of Carleton Place, Ontario, and the New
Brunswick Museum.    (7 reels)
Chipman Papers. Ward Chipman, Sr. (1754-1824) and
Ward Chipman, Jr. (1787-1851) together held offices
that touched almost all phases of New Brunswick
affairs.    Their papers are so closely interwoven that 24 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
in effect they form a single collection. Most of the
original papers are included in the large Lawrence
Collection (29 feet) in the Public Archives; the rest
are in the New Brunswick Museum. Through the
courtesy of the Museum the latter were microfilmed
in 1955; they relate to the period 1783-1839.    (3 reels)
Robinson Papers. In 1957 Mr. Christopher Robinson,
Q.C., of Ottawa, permitted the Archives to microfilm
the family papers in his possession. These consist
chiefly of correspondence of Sir John Beverley Robinson, Chief Justice of Upper Canada from 1829 to
1862, and one of the leading members of the Family
Compact. Autograph letters from many famous personages of the period are included. In addition to
Sir John's papers, there are diaries of his son, Christopher, covering much of the period 1844-53, and commissions and other papers of his kinsman, Sir Frederick
Philipse Robinson.
Milnes Letter-book. The most important original document
received was a letter-book kept in the years 1799-1805
by Robert Shore Milnes, Lieutenant-Governor of
Lower Canada. In excellent condition, this interesting
volume was presented in 1957 by Lt.-Col. E. L.
Caldwell, of St. Johns, Quebec.
Two gifts received recalled figures that played a prominent
part in the rebellion of 1837. In 1955 Lt.-Col. Eric S. Bushnell,
of Montreal, presented an interesting letter written in 1848 by
William Lyon Mackenzie, leader of the Rebellionin Upper Canada,
to Dr. Wolf red Nelson, one of the leaders of the revolt in Lower
Canada. In 1957 Miss Françoise Mackay, of Ottawa, gave to
the Archives a collection of the personal papersof Denis-Benjamin
Papineau (1789-1854), brother of Louis-Joseph Papineau. These
consist of personal and family letters written in the period 1803-54,
and of letters relating to the Papineau family.    (80 pages)
A third very welcome gift, received from Mrs. E. B.
Hodgson, included two letters from Thomas D'Arcy McGee to
M. Hanerty, an acquaintance in Ireland. The first was written
in the 1840's, the second in 1864. REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 25
Papers of Governors and Colonial Secretaries
Reference was made in my last Report to the systematic
effort that is being made to secure in some form (original,
transcript or microfilm) the papers of all former Governors and
Governors General of Canada, and former Secretaries of State
for the Colonies, insofar as these relate to Canadian affairs.
Eight collections were received during the period under review,
and further additions are in prospect.
Grey Papers. First place must be given to the important
collection of the original correspondence of the 4th
Earl Grey, Governor General of Canada from 1904
to 1911, that was deposited in the Public Archives by
his son, the 5th Earl, in 1955. The papers form part
of the very large Grey of Howick Collection that Lord
Grey has placed in the keeping of Durham University,
and his kindness in making his father's Canadian
papers available to the Public Archives is greatly
appreciated.
The Grey Papers in the Archives are in two series.
The first (3 feet 7 inches) consists of his complete
"private official" correspondence while Governor
General. The principal files consist of letters to and
from Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada;
a series of private letters written to the Colonial
Office; letters to and from the British Ambassador in
Washington, and correspondence with members of the
Royal Family. Photostat copies of these original
papers have been made for Durham University, so
that the material available there will be complete.
The second series (1 foot 6 inches) consists of
photostat copies of letters and memoranda relating
to Canada selected from Lord Grey's general correspondence. The originals of these were retained in
the Grey of Howick Collection in Durham.
Carnarvon Papers. Documents of Canadian interest in
the papers of the 4th Earl of Carnarvon, Colonial
Secretary in 1866 and in 1874-78, were microfilmed for
the Archives from the originals in the Public Record
Office in 1955. The material copied includes the
voluminous private correspondence that passed between
68376-3—4 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Lord Carnarvon and the Earl of Dufferin when the
latter was Governor General; these important letters
have been printed by the Champlain Society.    (6 reels)
Elgin Papers. Through the kindness of Lord Bruce, the
Archives was able in 1958 to secure microfilm copies
of the Canadian papers of the 8th Earl of Elgin and
Kincardine, who was Governor General of Canada
from 1846 to 1854. These include correspondence
with the Colonial Secretary and officials of the Colonial
Office, and with prominent political figures in both
Canada and Great Britain. A number of private
papers are also included, notably letters written to
Lady Elgin. The correspondence relates to political
issues, economic matters and commercial policy;
situations and personalities are acutely appraised.
The papers photographed cover the whole period of
Lord Elgin's stay in Canada. The originals are
preserved at Broomhall, Dunfermline, Scotland. (6
reels)
Granville Papers. The papers of the 2nd Earl Granville,
Colonial Secretary in 1868-70 and again in 1886, are
in the Public Record Office. They contain items of
Canadian interest dated as early as 1837, but most of
the documents photographed relate to the years 1867-
83.    (3 reels)
Head Letters. Sir Edmund Head was Governor-in-Chief
of Canada, 1854-61. An important series of letters
written by Head to his friend Sir George Cornewall
Lewis, and drafts of some of Lewis's replies, are in the
Lewis Papers, at Harpton Court, Herefordshire.
Through the courtesy of Sir Douglas Duff-Gordon
this interesting correspondence was copied in 1956.
The letters, which consist of 190 pages, were written
in 1840, and 1849-61.    (Microfilm and photostat)
Kimberley Papers. The 1st Earl of Kimberley was Colonial
Secretary in 1870-74, and again in 1880-82. His papers
are preserved at Kimberley Hall, in Norfolk. Through
the kindness of the 4th Earl of Kimberley and the
staff of the National Register of Archives, the Public
Archives was able to borrow and microfilm the documents in the 1st Earl's papers that relate to Canada. REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 27
These include "private official" letters from Lord
Dufferin that complement his correspondence with
Lord Carnarvon.    (4 reels)
Minto Papers. The 4th Earl of M into was Governor
General of Canada from 1898 to 1904, but his association with this country extended over a far longer
period. As Viscount Melgund he served as Military
Secretary to the Governor General and as Chief of
Staff to General Middleton in 1883-86, a period that
included the Northwest Rebellion. In 1948-49 his
son, the 5th Earl of Minto, made many of his father's
papers available for copying in London, and transcripts
were prepared at that time. In 1955 Lord Minto
made further papers available, and these were microfilmed. They include a series of letter-books covering
the whole of the 4th Earl's term as Governor General.
(4 reels)
While he was Governor General, Lord Minto
frequently discussed Canadian affairs very frankly in
his private letters to his brother, the Hon. Arthur
Elliot. The latter's son, Mr. Hubert Elliot, of Peterborough, England, very kindly permitted the Archives
to borrow and photostat 40 of these letters. The
South African War, Imperial relations, the Alaska
boundary and tariff policy are some of the topics
discussed.
Russell Papers. Lord John Russell (later the 1st Earl
Russell) was Secretary of State for War and Colonies
in 1839-41, and held the portfolio briefly in 1855; in
the interval he had been Prime Minister of Great
Britain, 1846-52. His papers are in the Public Record
Office. Items of Canadian interest amongst them
were selected and microfilmed in 1955.    (90 feet)
One further collection may be noted at this point. Sir
Robert Peel was never Colonial Secretary, but he corresponded
with a number of persons about Canadian affairs. These
included Lord Stanley (later 14th Earl of Derby), Colonial
Secretary in 1841-45, and two Governors of Canada — Sir
Charles Bagot and Sir Charles Metcalfe. The Peel Papers
are in the British Museum, and the correspondence of Canadian
interest was microfilmed there in 1955.    (65 feet)
68376-3—41 28
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Military and Naval Manuscripts
In 1957 the Archives acquired an exhibition piece of great
interest — Montcalm's original commission as Commander of
the Forces in Canada, signed by Louis XV and dated at Versailles
on March 11, 1756. The seal or seals are missing, but otherwise
the document is in an excellent state of preservation. A careful
examination of the text suggests that the commission has never
before been accurately transcribed or translated. This most
interesting document was probably at one time part of the great
collection of Montcalm-Lévis Papers, the bulk of which were
acquired by the Archives in 1950-51.
In 1957 the Archives purchased from the Quebec Seminary,
which owns the original documents, a microfilm copy of the
Contrecoeur Papers. These consist of the correspondence of
Claude-Pierre Pécaudy, Sieur de Contrecoeur (1706-75), and
related papers. The bulk of the correspondence dates from
1752 to 1756, when Contrecoeur was in command of Fort
Duquesne, in the Ohio Valley.    (4 reels)
An original document of the same period was acquired in
1955. This is a letter written at Carillon on September 30,
1756, by Jean-Nicolas Desandrouins, French army officer and
military engineer. Twelve pages in length, it consists of a
précis of the 1756 campaign, and includes a pencil sketch of
the area south of Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.
In 1957 the Archives purchased an interesting letter-book
kept by Captain Henry Pringle. The letters relating to North
America were written in the years 1757-61. Amongst other
things, this correspondence includes an excellent description of
the difficulties encountered in navigating a convoy of some 200
sail through a dense fog, and an account of Pringle's capture
by the French and his life as a prisoner of war.
A microfilm copy of an order book kept by the 1st Viscount
Keppel while serving in H.M.S. Centurion in 1754-55 was made
from the original, which is in the National Maritime Museum
at Greenwich.    (15 feet)
For a good many years the Archives has owned a journal
in which Captain John Enys, who served in Canada in 1784-87,
described a visit to Niagara Falls made in the latter year.
Through the kindness of a descendant living in England,
microfilm copies were secured recently of additional Enys
papers.    These  include  interesting  accounts  of  journeys  to REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 29
Quebec, Montreal, Kingston, the western posts and Niagara,
and a history of the 29th Regiment, of which he became Lieutenant-Colonel in 1797.
A minor acquisition of the same period consists of a small
packet of the papers and correspondence of Thomas Mante,
who in 1772 published a history of the Seven Years' War.
These papers date from 1774 to 1781, and deal chiefly with
Mante's imprisonment in France on charges of debt and double
dealing, and with his subsequent efforts to justify himself by
claiming that he had been acting under the orders or with the
approbation of Lord North and the Duke of Richmond.
A new acquisition of considerable interest relating to the
War of 1812 was received in 1958. This is an Entry Book of
General Orders issued by Lt.-Gen. Sir George Prévost during
the period June 11 to September 10, 1814. The volume consists
of 215 pages, and there is an index.
In 1955 the papers of Sir William Eyre, which are in the
Public Record Office, were carefully searched for material
relating to Canada. The collection consists of his papers as
Commander of the Forces in British North America, 1856-59,
and various additional items, including Sir William's diaries for
1855-59, and some material on Red River. All items of
Canadian interest have been microfilmed.    (4 reels)
In 1956 the Toronto Public Library permitted the Archives
to secure a microfilm copy of the diary kept by Colonel Frederick
C. Denison while commanding the contingent of Canadian
Voyageurs who participated in the Nile expedition of 1884-85.
This interesting diary is to be included in a volume on the
Voyageurs to be published soon by the Champlain Society.
(190 pages)
The Fur Trade
McGillivray Papers. This collection consists primarily of
the surviving papers of Simon McGillivray (1783-1840),
who was deeply involved in the financial affairs of the
North West Company, the union of the latter with
the Hudson's Bay Company in 1821, and the financial
aftermath of the coalition. It includes extensive
letter-books kept while McGillivray was commissioner
in Mexico for the United Mexican Silver Mining
Company, 1830-34, as well as correspondence, memoranda,  etc.,  relating to the North West Company. 30 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Perhaps the most interesting items are the small note
books, filled with diary entries and miscellaneous
jottings, kept by McGillivray in the course of his
travels for the North West Company over the period
1802-15. The papers were acquired in 1957 from Mr.
John McGillivray Dawkins, of Oxford, England, who
is Simon McGillivray's grandson.
Hudson's Bay Post Journals. In 1955 the Archives
purchased a series of journals and other records kept
at the Hudson's Bay Company's trading post at
Matawaganinique (Fort Mattagami, on Lake Matta-
gami, in what is now Northern Ontario). There are
17 items in all; 14 of these relate to the years 1824-59;
one of the others contains entries made as late as
1894. They furnish much information about trading
in this region a century and more ago.
David Thompson Papers. In 1956 Dr. J. B. Tyrrell
presented to the Archives a collection of miscellaneous
maps, transcripts, notes, etc., relating to the career of
David Thompson, the explorer. Dr. Tyrrell's famous
edition of Thompson's Narrative was published by the
Champlain Society in 1916. It was his intention to
prepare a second volume, devoted primarily to Thompson's work as a surveyor on the international boundary
survey. It was in connection with the preparation
of these two volumes that much of the material
included in the gift was collected.    (1 foot)
In 1957, in order to reduce wear and tear on
the original manuscript of Thompson's Narrative,
the University of Toronto Library and the Ontario
Archives, each of which owns a portion of the original,
asked the Archives to microfilm the entire manuscript.
This was done, and copies of the film (90 feet) were
made available to each institution. The microfilm
will be of interest to specialists, since it includes some
variants of the text and one short section that was
not included in Dr. Tyrrell's printed edition.
Strathcona Papers. In 1955 the Archives purchased from
the Champlain Society the photostat copies of this
collection that the Society had acquired many years
ago.    At the time the copies were made, the original REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 31
documents were in Edinburgh; they have since been
acquired by the Archives of the Hudson's Bay Company, in London. They consist of a miscellaneous
collection of correspondence and other documents
relating to the operations of the North West Company
and the Hudson's Bay Company, collected by the
1st Baron Strathcona, who entered the service of the
latter company in 1838, and was its Governor from
1889 to 1914.    (2 feet)
Journal of Robert Miles. The original of this journal,
which covers the period from May 1818 to June 1819,
was made available for microfilming by Miss Rosanna
Seaborn, of Montreal. In it Miles describes his
journey to the Athabasca District, and his service as
a clerk at Fort Wedderburn, on Lake Athabasca. The
journal is an interesting record of a tense and violent
episode in the bitter rivalry between the North West
and Hudson's Bay companies.    (160 pages)
Clouston Papers. These were lent for microfilming by
Miss Seaborn, along with the Miles journal. They
consist of some reminiscences by Robert Clouston, who
joined the Hudson's Bay Company in 1838 (35 pages),
and the journals of James Stewart Clouston, containing
scattered entries over the years 1842, 1844, 1848-50,
when he was travelling for the Hudson's Bay Company.
(35 pages)
Business Papers
Bank of Montreal. In 1956-57 the Archives received from
the Bank of Montreal the most important and extensive
collection of business papers that it has acquired in
many years. Part of the gift consists of original
documents, and part of microfilm copies. The
material falls into three categories:—
(a) Minute books. These include the minutes of
the Bank of Montreal itself for the period 1817-1925
(except for the years 1826-34, which were recorded in
a volume that is missing from the set), and the minutes
of three banks absorbed by the Bank of Montreal.
These are the Bank of British North America, 1836-
1918 (complete), Molson's Bank, 1855-1924 (except for PUBLIC ARCHIVES
the years 1855-69, which are missing), and the Merchants' Bank of Canada, 1864-1924 (complete). These
records were microfilmed in 1955; the original documents are in the vaults of the Bank of Montreal, in
Montreal. Use of entries less than 50 years old is
restricted.    (26 reels)
(b) Records of New York agents. These consist
of letter-books and other records of the New York
agencies of the Bank of Montreal and two of the banks
it later absorbed. Those of the Bank of Montreal's
own agency cover the period 1888-1914, those of the
Bank of British North America begin in 1867 and
end when the Bank was absorbed in 1918; the records
of the Merchants' Bank of Canada run from 1897 to
1922. All these original records were presented by
the Bank of Montreal in 1957. Use of documents
less than 50 years old is restricted.
(c) Miscellaneous records. These consist of four
letter-books from the period 1869-91, and two statements and accounts by the trustees of the Canadian
'Pacific Railway land grant bonds, 1899-1905. These
records, received in 1957, are reserved for the present.
us Letter-books. In 1957 Mr. F. W. R. Angus, of
Montreal, permitted the Archives to microfilm two
letter-books kept by his grandfather, R. B. Angus. One
of these, containing letters written in 1875-79, relates
to Angus's activities as Manager of the Bank of
Montreal. The other, kept in the years 1881-1902,
contains letters written in his capacity as a Director of
the CPR. Permission to use the microfilm copies
must be secured from Mr. F. W. R. Angus.    (3 reels)
Six other items, varying widely in date and character, were
also added to the department's collection of business papers.
Porteous Papers. The correspondence and papers of C.E.L.
Porteous relate to many aspects of Canadian economic
development in the period 1883-1912. His interests
included railway construction, mining, lumbering,
manufacturing, the promotion of public utilities and
the development of hydro-electric power. Geographically, his activities extended from Halifax to the Yukon.
This  remarkable  collection   includes  correspondence REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958
received, 1895-1911, letter-books, 1883-1910, a diary
of 1898, and miscellaneous papers. It was presented
in 1958 by Mr. B. H. Porteous, of Montreal.    (6 feet)
LeLacheur Letter-book. This volume was kept by Captain
William LeLacheur in 1786-92, when he was in
command of a vessel owned in Guernsey that traded,
amongst other places, with Quebec. The original
volume is owned by Mr. E. B. Moullin, of Cambridge,
England. A typewritten transcript was made by
Dr. C. R. Fay, and this was lent to the Archives
for microfilming in 1955.    (53 pages)
Phoenix Assurance Company Reports. These consist of
reports of visits of inspection made to Canada and
Newfoundland in 1808-09 and 1846-47. The cities
visited included Montreal, Quebec, St. John's, etc.
The reports contain interesting critical comments on
the construction and character of buildings, and the
fire risks arising from them, in the different cities.
The original reports are in the offices of the Phoenix
Assurance Company, in London. Photostat copies
were made by the Company and presented to the
Archives by the Managing Director, Mr. E. B.
Ferguson, in 1956.    (145 pages)
Bethune Correspondence. The Archives has acquired a
collection of the correspondence and business papers
of the shipping firm of Donald Bethune & Company,
of Cobourg, Ontario. The papers, which carry dates
from 1821 to 1853, consist of 394 pages.
Eno Papers. Through the good offices of Colonel G. R.
Stevens the Archives received a collection of the correspondence and papers of John C. Eno. They consist
of about 800 items, dating from 1886 to 1901, and
relating mostly to the Lower Laurentian Railway.
They were presented in 1955 by John Eno's son-in-law,
Mr. H. B. Steffanson, of New York.
Job Brothers Papers.    These consist of note books recording details of trade and commerce in Newfoundland.
■ The entries are scattered over a long period from 1834 to
1882.    The originals were lent for microfilming in 1957
through Memorial University, St. John's.    (84 pages) 34
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Missionary Records
Reference was made in my last Report to the wealth of
information about conditions and events in many areas that
is to be found in the records of the older missionary societies.
Microfilming has made it possible for the Archives to expand
its collections considerably in this field, and a number of
important additions were received in 1955-57.
Jesuit Missions. In 1957 the Archives of the Jesuit Order
in Rome permitted the Archives to secure microfilm
copies of the correspondence and reports received from
Jesuit missionaries in Canada over the period 1611-
1762. Many of the earlier documents have been published, either in the famous Relations, or by the Rev.
Auguste Carayon in his work entitled Première mission
des Jésuites au Canada (Paris, 1864). But facsimiles
of the original documents are nevertheless of great
interest, and the kindness of the Order in making it
possible for the Archives to secure them is greatly
appreciated.    (2 reels)
Pothier "Gazette". The all-too-brief diary kept by Rev.
Pierre Pothier, a Jesuit missionary, contains notes on
his journey from Montreal to Detroit, and the "gazette"
kept at the Jesuit ( Mission on Bois-Blanc Island in
1743-50. The original document is preserved in St.
Mary's College, Montreal. The College kindly made
a microfilm copy available to the Archives in 1956.
(10 feet)
New England Company. Many of the early records of
this organization are now preserved in the Guildhall
Library, in London. The Company conducted missionary work in New Brunswick and Upper Canada
over a long period, and there are papers in its records
relating to Canada that are as early in date as 1664
and as recent as 1880. Microfilm copies have been
made of these, thanks to the kind co-operation of Dr.
A. E. J. Hollaender, of the Guildhall Library. (12
reels)
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts.
The rich stores of information in this Society's extensive
archives were first tapped many years ago, when some REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 35
of its records were transcribed by hand. Though
the collection of transcripts was substantial, it still
represented only a part of the material that related
to Canada. The whole collection was surveyed in
1954, and a microfilming programme followed that
was intended to complete the copying of all items of
Canadian interest. In planning the programme, the
Archives took into consideration the microfilming
that had already been done by the Library of Congress.
Some duplication was unavoidable, but in other instances some material not of direct concern to Canada
was included, in order that the microfilming done by
the two institutions might cover an entire series, or a
definite segment of a series. The files copied include
the journals of the Society, correspondence and papers
received in London from missionaries and dioceses in
Canada, and calendars of the correspondence received
from Canada and the United States. The outside dates
of the files microfilmed are 1701 and 1889.    (99 reels)
Methodist Missionary Society. It will be recalled that in
1954 the Archives acquired a microfilm copy of the
main file of letters received in London from Methodist
missionaries in Canada in the period 1831-67. In
1956, by arrangement with the Society, the Archives
microfilmed additional files, including the Committee
Minutes, 1814-65, copies of outgoing letters, 1814-67,
and the Synod Minutes for the period 1823-56. This
material, on 7 reels, forms a valuable supplement to
the incoming correspondence, on 26 reels, previously
received.
Settlement, Travel and Life in Canada
Andrew Bell Letters. These were written to his parents
in 1823 by Andrew, son of the Rev. William Bell,
while travelling from Perth, Upper Canada, to Glasgow,
where he went to study for the Ministry. They describe the drive to Brockville, his journey thence by
bateaux to Montreal, his stay there and in Quebec,
and the voyage to Scotland. The original letters are
owned by Mrs. Mackintosh Bell, of Ottawa, who in
1958 kindly permitted the Archives to make photostat
copies.    (46 pages) 36 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Coulter Journal. James Coulter, author of this interesting
journal, left Belfast early in April 1824, crossed the
Atlantic to Quebec, travelled in Lower and Upper
Canada, and then went to New York, where he arrived
on November 1. He gives an excellent account of the
means and conditions of travel at the time.    (60 pages)
Marks Journal. This detailed record of day-to-day events
and expenditures on a farm was kept by J. B. Marks,
who lived at Barriefield, near Kingston. The entries
extend through the years 1824-28. The journal was
presented to the Archives in 1957 by the Colborne
Women's Institute, through Mrs. T. M. Gresham.
Bellingham Memoirs. Sydney Robert Bellingham came
to Canada from his native Ireland in 1824. He was
active for many years both in business and public
affairs, sat in the Legislative Assembly of United
Canada in 1854-60, and in the Quebec Legislative
Assembly from 1867 to 1878. He eventually returned
to Ireland and about 1895, when nearly 90 years of
age, dictated these memoirs. There are many errors
in detail, as Bellingham was an invalid and unable to
check dates or references, but the manuscript nevertheless contains much of interest. Early trading
conditions, the Rebellion of 1837, and his experiences
in politics are three of the chief topics dealt with.
The original manuscript of the memoirs was sent to the
Archives by the family in 1955, and it became the
property of the department in 1958.    (253 pages)
Coles Diary. Mercy Ann Coles, daughter of the Hon.
George Coles, of Charlotte town, kept this little diary
in 1864 when she accompanied her father to Quebec,
where he represented Prince Edward Island at the
famous Quebec Conference. The period covered is
October 5 to November 4. In addition to the journey
to Quebec, the diary describes a trip to Montreal,
Ottawa, Toronto, Niagara Falls and Buffalo.
Photostat of a transcript kindly lent for copying by
Mrs. R. Bruce Marr, of Elmira, Ont.    (26 pages)
Tyler Correspondence. Sir Henry W. Tyler (1827-1908),
President of the Grand Trunk Railway from 1877 to
1895, came to North America frequently on business. REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 37
This collection, acquired in 1958, includes 121 letters
written to his wife from the United States and Canada
in the period 1867-93, six letters to the Secretary of the
Grand Trunk, and a few miscellaneous papers. The
correspondence contains interesting descriptions of
Tyler's travels and comments on prominent railway
and political figures.
Nordegg Memoirs. In this typewritten manuscript of 411
pages, the late Martin Nordegg described his experiences in Canada while engaged in prospecting and in
developing mineral claims during the period 1906-24.
The narrative includes many intimate and interesting
sketches of political and business leaders of the time.
The Memoirs were presented by Mrs. Nordegg in 1955.
Jackman Diary. In 1957 Dr. L. J. Jackman, of Montreal,
presented to the Department of Northern Affairs the
diary he kept during a voyage to the Arctic in 1921
(119 pages). Various notes and correspondence about
the Arctic were included in the gift, which the Department sent to the Archives for safe-keeping.
Oittie Memoirs. In 1956 Lt.-Col. J. C. A. Campbell, of
Ottawa, gave to the Archives typewritten copies of
two documents of considerable historical interest.
One consists of the memoirs of his grandmother,
Catherine Oillie, covering the years 1835-60, and dealing
chiefly with life in and near St. Catharines, Ontario.
The second narrative relates to the Fenian Raids,
with particular reference to the attack on Fort Erie
on June 2, 1866. The gift included notes and clippings
on various historical matters.    (3 inches)
Peter Robinson Papers. This important collection consists
of correspondence and other papers (1823-44) relating
to settlement in the Bathurst and Newcastle districts
of Ontario. Much information is given about emigrants and the details of settlement arrangements.
The original papers, preserved in the Peterborough
Public Library, were microfilmed in 1955 by the
Ontario Archives, and the Public Archives secured a
positive print.    (2 reels) 38 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Margaret Hall Letters. Mrs. Basil Hall travelled through
Canada in the summer of 1827, and wrote a series of
interesting letters in which she described in some detail
what she saw and did. The original letters are now
in the Library of Congress; in 1956 the Archives
acquired a microfilm copy of them, and photostats
have been made from the film.    (84 pages)
Niblock Letters. Thomas Niblock emigrated in 1848, and
tried unsuccessfully to establish himself in Upper
Canada. He recorded his impressions and his tribulations in letters to his sister and brother-in-law,
written in 1848-52. He finally gave up and decided
to seek a better fortune in Australia, only to perish
in a shipwreck on the way. Photostat copies of the
letters from Canada were made in 1956 from the originals, which are now in the possession of Mrs. Charles
Morris, of London, England.    (192 pages)
Bury Journal. In 1854 Viscount Bury (later the 7th
Earl of Albemarle) travelled from Peterborough to St.
Paul by way of Sault Ste. Marie and the Mississippi
River. His brief travel diary (19 pages) was lent to
the Archives in 1957 by his grandson, the 9th Earl,
and a photostat copy made from it.
Shaw-Lefevre Letters. Sir Edmund and Lady Head brought
Rachel Emily Shaw-Lefevre with them to Canada in
1861 as a companion for their elder daughter, Caroline.
Miss Shaw-Lefevre (later the Baroness Stanmore)
described her travels, including visits to New York
and Boston, social life in Quebec, and a tour of Upper
Canada with Prince Alfred (later Duke of Edinburgh),
in a series of letters to her family. The letters themselves are now in the possession of her son, the 2nd
Baron Stanmore; in 1955 the Archives was able to
secure photostats of typewritten copies of them.
(345 pages)
Joseph Diaries. Abraham Joseph, well-known Quebec
merchant, kept a personal diary in which he noted
local and business events of interest to him. Mr. E. C.
Joseph was good enough to make the original diaries for
the period 1837-56 available for microfilming.    (2 reels) REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 39
Meredith and Griffin Journals. Colonel C. P. Meredith,
of Ottawa, has fallen heir to two collections of personal
journals that he very kindly lent for selective microfilming in 1956. One series was kept by his father,
Edward Allen Meredith, who jotted down his impressions of people and events over a period of more than
half a century. The series runs from 1844 to 1898,
and the extracts filmed fill 5 reels. The other journals
were kept by Colonel Meredith's father-in-law, Martin
J. Griffin, who for many years was Librarian of Parliament. Extracts (1 reel) were copied from the
journals for the period 1905-16.
Moberly Autobiography. This brief chronicle (14 pages)
was written by Walter Moberly, the pioneer civil and
railway engineer, shortly before his death in 1915.
It consists for the most part of reminiscences of his
exploratory surveys and projects for railway routes in
British Columbia in 1859-72. The original is in the
Vancouver City Archives; a typewritten copy was
presented to the Public Archives in 1956 by Major
J. S. Matthews, City Archivist.
Conversations with Khahtsahlano. This interesting volume,
the gift of Major J. S. Matthews, contains verbatim
reports of conversations between the Major and
August Jack Khahtsahlano, a Squamish Indian born
about 1877. Many details of Indian life before the
coming of the white man were discussed, as well as
events in the history of the Vancouver-Howe Sound
region. The conversations took place over the period
1932-54.
Literature and Art
These are fields in which the Public Archives has as yet
acquired relatively few important collections, but, in association
with the National Library, the department hopes to expand its
holdings rapidly in the near future. Four important gifts were
received in the period under review.
Frechette Papers. This fine collection of the papers of
Louis Frechette (1839-1908), the French-Canadian
poet, was acquired in 1956 from his grand-daughter,
Miss Jeanne Mercier.    It includes much of Frechette's PUBLIC ARCHIVES
correspondence, manuscripts of some of his books and
articles, and other papers. The correspondence consists of more than 1,400 letters written between 1870
and 1908. Many of them are from important figures
in politics, literature or the arts, including Sarah
Bernhardt, Coquelin and Mark Twain, to name but
three. While the main interest of the collection is
literary, it also throws light on the anticlerical elements
in the Liberal Party, and such well-known radicals
as Arthur Buies and L.-A. Dessaulles.    (9 feet)
David Milne Papers. These consist for the most part of
the many letters written by David Milne (1882-1953),
the noted Canadian painter, to his intimate friend
James A. Clarke, of New York. The collection was
presented by Mr. Clarke in 1956. It will be of great
importance to students of Milne's work, since the
letters reveal his artistic aims and ideas in great detail.
Use of the letters is restricted.
John Gait Papers. John Gait (1779-1839), novelist and
colonizer, is perhaps best known in Canada for his work
as Superintendent of the Canada Company and as
the founder of the city of Guelph, Ontario. He was a
writer of distinction, and a substantial collection of his
literary manuscripts, together with some correspondence, was presented to the Archives in 1958 by his
grand-daughter, Miss Muriel Gait, of Victoria. The
papers relate to the whole period from 1817 until the
end of Gait's life.    (1 foot)
Montgomery-Weber Letters. In 1958 forty letters written
byL. M. Montgomery (Mrs, Ewan Macdonald), the
novelist, to the late Ephriam Weber over the period
1905-41 were presented to the Archives by Mrs. Weber.
Most of the letters are long and informative, and they
throw much light on Mrs. Macdonald's character
and career. The gift was made at the suggestion of
Mr. Wilfrid Eggleston.
Other Accessions
A number of organizations have adopted the policy of
depositing their non-current records in the Archives, where they
will be sure to receive proper care over a long period.  Amongst REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 41
them is the National Council of Women. The first records
deposited by the Council were received in 1923. A second
deposit followed in 1928, and a further instalment was transferred in 1955. At present the Archives has in its keeping the
minutes of the National Council for the years 1899-1949, and
its correspondence files for the period 1893-1949. The whole
collection occupies 29 feet of shelving.
Further records were also deposited by the St. George's
Society of Ottawa. These included minutes for the period
1919-44, and cash books, 1884-1925. Part of the records of the
National Federation of Musical Societies was received from the
St. Cecilia Music Club.
An interesting accession consists of the records of the Cooperative Committee on Japanese Canadians, which functioned
over the period 1942-56. They include the Committee's minutes
for the years 1947-53, financial statements, 1947-56, and other
papers relating to the years from 1942 to 1953.
In 1955 the Co-operative Union of Canada presented a
large collection of its older records.  These consist of two parts:
(1) The files accumulated by George Keen, of Brantford, Ontario,
one of the founders of the Union, its secretary-treasurer from
1909 to 1945, and for many years editor of the Canadian Co-
operator.    Some of Mr. Keen's personal papers are also included.
(2) General correspondence files, convention records and financial records of the Union.    (80 feet)
In 1958 the Canadian Labour Congress permitted the
Archives to borrow and microfilm the original minutes of the
Toronto Trades Assembly, 1871-78, and the Toronto Trades and
Labour Council, 1881-93. (2 reels) It is hoped that the
Congress will be able to make further early trade union records
available, and that the existence of film copies will not only be
a convenience to research workers, but will also help to preserve
the original papers by reducing the wear and tear to which
they are subjected.
The Archives has been endeavouring in recent years to
establish a routine whereby the records of Royal commissions
would automatically be placed in its keeping. A valuable
precedent was set by the Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letters and Sciences, which in 1951 sent to
the Archives a complete set of its proceedings, copies of all
briefs submitted, and all other papers except confidential
correspondence and financial records; the latter were placed in 42 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
the custody of the Privy Council. Since that time four other
important commissions have followed this procedure, namely,
the Royal Commission on Broadcasting, the Royal Commission
on Patents, Copyright, Trade Marks and Industrial Designs,
the Royal Commission on Coasting Trade and the Royal Commission on Canada's Economic Prospects. There can be no
question that the Archives is, in the long run, the safest place
m which to deposit such records, and it is clearly in the interests
of future research requirements that they should be available
there. In the past the papers of some important commissions
of inquiry have in time completely disappeared, and it is
important that this should be prevented in future.
In 1957 Mr. A. W. Neill, of Alberni, B.C., sent to the Rt.
Hon. Louis S. St. Laurent, for deposit in the Public Archives,
the first old-age pension cheque ever issued in Canada. Mr!
Neill, who was for many years a Member of the House of
Commons, was one of the prime movers in the old-age pension
scheme. This first cheque, dated September 30, 1927, happened
to be payable to one of his constituents, and he cashed it for
the recipient in order to retain it as a souvenir.
From Dr. L. E. Borden, of Victoria, the Archives received
a notable souvenir of the expedition sent to the Arctic by the
Canadian Government in 1903-04. Dr. Borden served as
surgeon and botanist of the party, which was commanded by
A. P. Low. In August 1904 the expedition took possession of
Ellesmere Island. A flag was formally hoisted and a proclamation, signed by Low and declaring that he had taken possession of the Island "in the name of King Edward VII, and on
behalf of the Government of the Dominion of Canada", was
sealed in a metal box and deposited in a cairn at Smith Sound.
Dr. Borden secured a signed duplicate of the proclamation, and,
at the suggestion of Mr. H. W. Herridge, M.P., he placed it in
the Archives in August 1956. The document was accepted in
the House of Commons on behalf of the Government by the
Hon. George Prudham, Minister of Mines and Technical
Surveys.
Another notable accession relating to the Arctic was secured
through the kindness of Mr. P. H. Rolleston, who permitted
the Archives to microfilm his collection of original papers relating
to the Arctic expedition commanded by Captain George Strong
Nares, in 1875-76. They include journals and correspondence.
(2 reels)    These papers were photographed in London, where REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958
43
the Archives was also able to microfilm a small collection of
papers preserved or copied by Elizabeth M. Murray (née
Fairholme). They include letters and journals of her brothers,
William Fairholme (71st Regiment), who was in Canada in
1838-40, and James Fairholme, who was lost with the Franklin
expedition in 1845. (1 reel) The papers were made available
for copying through the kindness of the Fairholme family.
Microfilms from the Public Record Office, London
Very good progress has been made in the microfilming
of papers in the Public Record Office that relate to Canada.
Thanks to the courtesy and co-operation of the Deputy Keeper
and his staff, two cameras have been in continuous operation,
and many hundreds of reels of film have been received in Ottawa.
In the case of the Colonial Office records, our primary
objective is to secure complete copies of all series of papers
that relate in their entirety to areas now included in Canada.
In addition, we wish to secure, by selective copying, facsimiles
of individual volumes and documents in other series that happen
to relate in some significant way to this country.
These objectives will soon be reached, and it may be helpful
to indicate in a general way the nature of the papers that have
been microfilmed.
The Colonial Office papers relating to individual colonies
and dominions are grouped together under the name of the
colony. The papers normally consist of about half a dozen
series, arranged as follows: (1) A series of despatches, including
the main exchange of correspondence between the Colonial
Office and the Governor (and frequently other officials) of the
colony; this file usually includes the original inward despatches
received in London, and drafts or copies of outward correspondence. (2) Entry books, which often contain copies of
material in the first series, but frequently include supplementary
papers as well. (3) Copies of proclamations, legislation, etc.,
passed in the colony. (4) Copies of the sessional papers of the
legislative councils or assemblies in the colony. (5) Copies
of the official gazettes published in the colony. (6) A miscellaneous series, the extent, importance and contents of which
vary greatly from colony to colony. As a rule, the Archives
has made a complete microfilm copy of series (1) and (2), and
in addition has photographed such portions of the acts, sessional 4* PUBLIC ARCHIVES
papers, gazettes, etc., as may be in manuscript, or are lacking
in the files of the Archives, or are rare and difficult to find and
consult in Canada.
The records relating to Newfoundland, Nova Scotia,
Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, British Columbia,
Vancouver Island, the old Province of Quebec, Upper and
Lower Canada, and the Dominion from 1867 to 1902, have now
all been copied in accordance with this plan. New regulations
that have just come into effect in London will make it possible
to extend the copying of the series relating to Newfoundland
and the Dominion from 1902 to 1908.
Many records besides those assembled by the Colonial Office
are of interest to Canada, and the copying programme will
extend to the documents of many other departments of the
British Government. For example, the Archives has microfilmed the series known as Audit Office 12 (146 volumes) and
Treasury 50 (56 volumes), both of which contain a great amount
oî material relating to the claims of the Loyalists for compensation for the losses suffered as a result of the American Revolution.
There is much material of interest in the vast collection of
Admiralty records, and in those of the War Office. The largest
project in progress at the moment is the copying of the earlier
portion of F.O. 5, the Foreign Office series dealing with relations
between Great Britain and the United States. The earliest
papers are dated 1793; it is proposed at present to photograph
the series as far as 1871, when the Treaty of Washington settled
many of the questions that had been disturbing relations between
Canada and the United States. About 1,200 volumes will be
copied; 450 of these had been photographed by the end of 1958.
Microfilms from the Archives of the
Hudson's Bay Company
The tremendous task of microfilming the archives of the
Hudson's Bay Company for the period 1670-1870 is now nearly
completed. No less than 1,600 reels of film have been received
in Ottawa, and the number of pages represented must be at
least 1,200,000. The master negatives are placed for safekeeping in a vault on this continent, but before they are sent
to the vault the Public Archives is permitted to make positive
prints from them. Use of the positives is governed by the same
regulations that apply to the use of the original documents in
the Archives Department of the Company in London.    Applica- REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 45
tions for permission to consult the microfilms should be addressed
to The Secretary, Canadian Committee, Hudson's Bay Company,
Main Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba. Copies of the Company's
regulations may be obtained either from the Company itself or
from the Archives.
The following notes indicate in a general way the contents
of the six series into which the papers that have been photographed are divided:
Class "A"
This consists of the records of the London offices of the
Company. The minutes of the Committee, extensive files of
inward and outward correspondence, ledgers, journals, fur
trade indents, servants' contracts, stock ledgers, transfer books
and accounts of fur sales are included.    (514 reels)
Class "B"
This series, the most extensive of the six, comprises the
records from individual trading posts. They are classified in
four subdivisions: post journals, correspondence books, inward
correspondence and accounts. Each subdivision is arranged
alphabetically by the name of the post.    (738 reels)
Class "C"
This consists of ships' logs, seamen's wages books, and
miscellaneous papers relating to the shipping operations of the
Company.    (140 reels)
Class "D"
Records of the North American headquarters of the Company are filed in this series. The correspondence of Sir George
Simpson is by far the largest item. Other governors represented
are William Williams, Eden Colvile, Alexander Grant Dallas
and William McTaVish.    (128 reels)
Class "E"
This relatively small but very interesting series includes
many records relating to the Red River Settlement and the
Council of Assiniboia, and journals and correspondence of such
well-known figures as Pierre-Esprit Radisson, James Isham, Peter
Fidler, Colin Robertson and Nicholas Garry. Records relating to
the Colony of Vancouver Island are also found here.   (30 reels) 46 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Class "F"
Records of organizations not officially connected with the
Hudson's Bay Company, but which happen to have found
their way into its Archives, have been grouped together in
this class. The most important subdivision consists of a
substantial collection of minutes, accounts and miscellaneous
papers of the North West Company. The records of the Puget's
Sound Agricultural Company rank next in importance. (50
reels)
Microfilms and Transcripts from Paris
The microfilming programme in Paris is analogous to that
in London. The objective here was to obtain complete facsimiles of all series in the Archives des Colonies that related to
French colonization in Canada. This has now been
accomplished.
The following were amongst the series photographed since
the last Report was printed :
C-ll-C, Vols. 1-8; 10. Terreneuve, Ile Royale, Ile St-
Jean, etc. (17 reels) Volume 9 will be made available
for copying at a later date. Most of the documents
relate to the period 1661-1762.
C-ll-G, Vols. 1-12. Raudot-Pontchartrain Correspondence, etc. (12 reels) The period covered is 1703-1758.
Raudot was Intendant of New France, 1705-11. Other
papers relate to the western domain, Ile Royale, etc.
C-13-C, Vols. 1-54. Louisiana, General Correspondence,
1673-1781. (25 reels) The series includes despatches,
memoirs, etc. Documents that did not relate in any
way to Canada were omitted from the microfilm.
C-ll-F, Vols. 1-5. Documents, 1698-1814, communiqués
à la commission des pêcheries en 1876. (5 reels)
F-5-A, Vols. 1-3. Missions et cultes religieux, 1658-1784.
(2 reels)
A short series in the Archives de la Marine has also been
copied; this is series 3 J J, consisting of journals, memoirs and
reports relating to explorations in North America in the period
1679-1833.    (3 reels) REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 47
A great many smaller items were microfilmed or transcribed,
both in various depositories in Paris, and in one or two provincial
centres, notably the Archives de la Charente Maritime, in La
Rochelle. These will be listed in detail in preliminary
inventories now in preparation.
Departmental Records
Owing to the very crowded state of the Public Archives
Building only a very limited quantity of departmental records
could be filed there. However, completion of the Records
Centre at Tunney's Pasture has enabled the Archives to take
custody of large quantities of documents, and these include
many that will ultimately be transferred to the Archives proper.
Completion of the Centre also made it possible for the Archives
to bring together various files that had been handed over to it
but which, for lack of space, had been stored in other buildings.
These included the official records of Canadian military operations in the First World War, all of which have now been
brought together in the Records Centre.
Regional Collections of Manuscripts
In my last Report I described the arrangement under which
the manuscript collections owned by the Brome County Historical Society, in Knowlton, P.Q., had been catalogued, microfilmed and described in a printed inventory. The cataloguing
was done by the Society, in accordance with a plan laid down by
the Archives, and the department subsequently photographed
the papers and printed the inventory.
This same plan has since been applied to two other interesting regional collections. Through the co-operation of Dr. J. A.
Bannister of Port Dover, the manuscripts owned by the Norfolk
Historical Society, and housed in the Eva Brook Donly Museum
in Simcoe, Ont., were carefully arranged in accordance with a
classification recommended by the Archives. The papers were
then brought to Ottawa, where they were microfilmed. A
detailed preliminary inventory of the papers, compiled by Dr.
Bannister, was printed by the Archives in 1958.
The valuable collections in the possession of the Lennox
and Addington Historical Society, in Napanee, Ont., have been
dealt with in the same way. Through the kindness of Judge
G. F. Smith, President of the Society, the papers were brought 48 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
to the Archives, where they were put in proper order and
microfilmed. A printed inventory of the collection is now in
the press.
Thanks to the joint efforts of the societies and the Archives,
these three manuscript collections are now well arranged, and
the existence of complete printed inventories makes it easy for
scholars to ascertain what they contain. The existence of
microfilm copies of the documents is both a convenience to
historians and a safeguard against the loss that would result
from destruction of the originals.
MAP DIVISION
In 1957 the Archives published the 300-page catalogue
entitled Sixteenth-Century Maps Relating to Canada: A Check-
List and Bibliography. An edition in French was published in
1958. This comprehensive listing of all known 16th century
maps relating to the area now comprising Canada represents
an immense amount of careful checking and inquiry. It consists
of 830 entries, each with descriptive and bibliographical notes.
Through the courtesy of Dr. Bernard Hoffman, of the University
of California, the bibliography includes all relevant titles listed
in his unpublished study, Cabot to Cartier.
Publication of this check-list made it possible to undertake
a new project, detailed cataloguing of the Division's important
collection of atlases.    This work is now well advanced.
Marked improvements have been made in the accommodation and equipment available to the Division. By 1956 the
Map Room had become hopelessly overcrowded. After the
completion of the Records Centre, in the spring of 1956, space
became available to which parts of the map collections could be
transferred. The material moved there consisted of duplicates,
or of maps and plans for which it is anticipated there will be
relatively little demand. If the need arises, any item can be
brought to the Public Archives Building at very short notice,
or it can be consulted at the Records Centre, whichever may be
more convenient for the inquirer.
As a result of these moves, the limited space in the Map
Room can now be devoted entirely to rare and valuable maps,
and to material that is used very frequently for reference and
research.
Additional map cases have been added, and the Division
also has secured a new type of filing equipment that promises REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958
49
to be the answer to many difficult storage problems. This
consists of metal cabinets in which maps can be stored vertically.
Storage of this kind is so compact that the cost per map is
actually much lower than storage in the large, shallow drawers
that have long been considered to be standard equipment in a
map room. Vertical storage has the great additional advantage
that the removal of a map causes next to no wear and tear upon
its neighbours, which is very far from being the case with the
old-style   containers.
The most valuable items in the Division's collections—
either historically or intrinsically—are now being systematically
segregated and placed in the new vertical storage cabinets.
In recent years the Division has been endeavouring to
build up complete back files of all maps issued by the Government of Canada. This project is being undertaken somewhat
late in the day, and many of the gaps in the files will now be
very difficult to fill. Encouraging progress has been made,
however, and there is a good prospect that the end in view will
be virtually attained.
Earlier issues of standard maps frequently have value for
a wide variety of research purposes. Canada has grown so
rapidly, and developments have taken place in recent years
over such a vast area, that the succeeding editions of official
maps often constitute a record of considerable importance.
Early sheets of the topographical survey, for example, which date
back no further than 1905, already have much historical significance.
Electoral atlases constitute one small category in which
the Archives is now so fortunate as to have a complete set. These
atlases, seven in number, were issued in 1895, 1904, 1914, 1924,
1933, 1947 and 1952. As most users discarded the particular
sheets in which they were interested as soon as a new edition
appeared, it is now very difficult to find copies of many sections
of these informative atlases.
Over 31,000 maps and plans were received in the period
1955-58. Many of these were transferred from other departments
and agencies of the Government, notably the Department of
Mines and Technical Surveys and the Department of Public
Works, in 1955-57. The 2,790 items received in 1958, which
included relatively little material from other departments, except
new publications, give a fair indication of the volume of new
material that reaches the Division in an average year. 50
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Some very interesting and valuable items have been added
to the collections. In 1958 the Archives acquired a copy of the
famous edition of Ptolemy's Geographia published in Strasbourg
in 1513. Seven editions of Ptolemy, varying in date from 1508
to 1596, contain the first printing of maps that are of particular
interest in the history of the cartography of Canada ; the Archives
now owns copies of four of these, and in addition has editions of
Ptolemy that contain reprints of the maps in another two of the
seven.    Only the 1508 edition is now lacking from the collection.
In 1957 the Library of Parliament transferred to the
National Library many of its older maps and atlases, and the
National Library subsequently placed the collection on deposit
in the Map Division of the Archives. The maps received
included many charts from The Atlantic Neptune, the remarkable
survey of the eastern coast of North America published in
London by J. F. W. Des Barres in the decade 1774-84. The
Archives now possesses one of the world's largest collections of
Des Barres charts, and a few details regarding it should be
given.
So many new plates and revised plates were made while the
Neptune was appearing that no two sets are identical ; when Des
Barres received an order, he simply assembled a set from whatever sheets were available at the moment. In the Archives,
the basic set is the Amherst copy, which was made up by Des
Barres himself for Jeffery, 1st Baron Amherst of Montreal, and
which was presented to the Archives by the Amherst family
many years ago. All other plates, most of which were in
bindings that had become ruinous, have now been arranged by
area, and in most instances they include examples of individual
charts in several different states.
The Henry Newton Stevens Collection of The Atlantic
Neptune, in the National Maritime Museum, at Greenwich, is
generally regarded as the finest in existence. It includes 176
different plates, and a total of 778 variations of them. The
Archives collection now includes 172 different plates, a total of
456 variations of these, and duplicates that bring the number of
charts in the whole collection up to 673.
Other notable items received included a copy of the rare
French edition of Le Théâtre du Monde ou Nouvel Atlas, by
Guillaume and Jean Blaeu, published in Amsterdam in 1648-55.
This six-volume work contains 356 coloured maps of great
interest and beauty.    Equally welcome was a copy of the great REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958
collection of facsimiles assembled by Jomard, Monuments de la
Géographie, published in Paris in 1842-62. This contains large
reproductions of twenty-one famous maps dating from the 11th
to the 16th century.
The Division also received a very useful three-volume set
of manuscript copies of maps made in 1852-53 by P.-L. Morin,
and entitled Plans, cartes, vues et dessins relatifs à Vhistoire de la
Nouvelle- France.
Original manuscript maps of unusual interest that were
added to the collections included the following:—
A map laid down from the sketches and observations of Mr.
Peter Fidler for J.G. McTavish Esquire by G. Taylor
Junior.
This is a large map, measuring about 63 by 101
inches. It is undated, but as Taylor worked under
McTavish in the years 1821-27, it probably dates from
that period. Peter Fidler was in the service of the
Hudson's Bay Company from 1788 to 1821, and conducted the first surveys in large areas of the Canadian
West. Only six small sectional maps by him are
known to be in existence, and Taylor's map seems
therefore to be the chief cartographical record of
Fidler's surveys.
Carte de l'Isle S*. Jean dans le Golphe de SK Laurent.
Undated original manuscript map   by   Jacques-
Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772).
Carte du Havre de Chibucto avec le plan de la Ville de Halifax.
Original map, in water-colours, by John Rocque,
dated   1750.    This  is  one  of  the  earliest  plans  of
Halifax.
Other manuscript items included a plan of the St. Lawrence
River from the Isle of Bic to the Province Line, drawn by A.
Gray, Assistant Quartermaster General, dated 1809. The
Division also received an original plan of the battle of St. Charles
(1837), signed by Colonel Wetheral.
A valuable bound collection of 17th century maps, mostly
by Visscher, was presented in 1956 by Mrs. A. S. Clarke, of
Wolfville, N.S. An additional Visscher map, undated and
entitled Carte Nouvelle contenant la partie d'Amérique la plus 52 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Septentrionale . . ., was purchased in 1958. A map by A. F.
Zurneri, Americae tarn septentrionalis quam meridionalis, probably issued in 1700, was acquired the same year. Three
maps dating from the middle of the 18th century were acquired:
Cartes des Nouvelles Découvertes au Nord de la Mer du Sud,
tant à l'Est de la Sibérie et du Kamtchatka, qu'à l'Ouest
de la Nouvelle France.
By De ITsle and Buache; dated 1750.
Carte réduite de la Partie Septentrionale de l'Isle de Terre-
Neuve.
By Bellin, 1764, with corrections to 1767.
General Map of the Middle British Colonies in America.
By Lewis Evans; dated 1755. An interesting
map, since it became the prototype of most of the maps
of North America published in England during the
latter half of the 18th century.
Photographs of a number of important maps in the French
Archives were received from Paris. These are the first of a
series intended to replace the hand-drawn copies made many
years ago. Although most attractive for exhibition purposes,
the latter are not always sufficiently accurate to be satisfactory
for detailed research. Amongst the first items photographed
were samples of the work of two of the outstanding map-makers
of New France, Franquelin and Villeneuve.
Photostats of many interesting maps have been added
to the collections; many of these were acquired through the
kindness of generous friends. The Hon. Brooke Claxton presented copies of nine maps, including examples of the work of
such well-known cartographers as De ITsle, Homann and Bellin.
Dr. Boris Celovsky was good enough to allow the Archives to
photostat an original map by Albarel entitled Carte du Canada
et de la Louisiane; it is dated 1695. Photocopies of the maps
relating to America in two Agnese atlases, dated 1564 and 1636,
were received from the British Museum, along with copies of
22 charts and maps relating to the voyages and surveys of
Captain James Cook and others. These and numerous other
gifts added greatly to the wealth of data on file in the Division. REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 53
PICTURE DIVISION
Much assistance was again given to historians, writers,
journalists, artists, publishers, film and television producers,
and museums. The number of inquiries received continued
at a high level; requests came not only from all ten Canadian
provinces, but from other countries, including the United States,
Great Britain and France. Source material required to meet
specific needs was located and photographs, microfilms or
photostats were furnished as necessary. In many instances
this involved considerable checking and research.
Progress was made in the work of preserving, and where
necessary restoring, various valuable pictures in the Archives
collections. Several hundred of them were cleaned and re-
backed, and the National Gallery of Canada undertook special
restoration work on twenty oil paintings.
During the past four years many interesting items were
added to the collections, some of which are described in the
notes that follow.
Most important, perhaps, was an outstanding group of
contemporary oil paintings of men prominent in the fur trade.
Three of these were powerful figures in the North West Company: Simon McTavish (1759-1804), virtually the founder of
the Company; his nephew, William McGillivray (1764-1825),
who succeeded him as chief director, and William's brother,
Simon McGillivray (1783-1840). All three pictures were acquired in 1955 from Mr. John McGillivray Dawkins, of Oxford, who
is Simon McGillivray's grandson.
Of equal interest is a portrait of Colin Robertson (1783-
1842), of the Hudson's Bay Company; strong evidence suggests
that it was painted by Gilbert Stuart Newton in 1821. This
picture — the first likeness of Robertson to come to light —
was bequeathed to the Archives by his grand-niece, Miss
Frances Harman, of Toronto, in 1958.
Another portrait of particular interest is a pencil, chalk
and crayon study of Mrs. John Graves Simcoe, wife of the first
Governor of Upper Canada. This picture, which depicts Mrs.
Simcoe in her old age, was presented to the Archives by Mr.
Geoffrey Harmsworth, through the good offices of Sir Campbell
Stuart. 54
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A silhouette of Colonel John By, R. E., believed to have
been cut in 1832, and to have been given by Colonel By to
Robert Drummond, contractor for the Rideau Canal, was
presented in 1958 by Mrs. H. R. T. Gill.
From Mrs. Murray Ballantyne, of Montreal, the Archives
recently received an interesting group of family portraits.
They include paintings of three of Mrs. Ballantyne's grandparents — Sir Edward and Lady Kemp, and Mr. F. Chattan
Stephens — and of four earlier ancestors on the Stephens side.
Best known of these is the Hon. George Washington Stephens
(1831-1904), for many years an alderman of the City of Montreal,
and later a member of the Quebec Provincial Cabinet.
A charcoal portrait of Dr. Douglas Brymner (1823-1902),
first Dominion Archivist, executed by his artist son, William
Brymner, R.C.A., was presented to the Archives in 1955 by
two of Dr. Brymner's grand-daughters, Miss Grace Brymner,
of Toronto, and Mrs. John Dawson, of Dunnville, Ontario.
Four interesting portraits relating to the French period
include a contemporary copper-plate engraving of Louis XIII;
an engraving after Nanteuil of Louis XIV as a young man; a
photograph of a portrait in chalk of J. F. de LaRoque, Sieur
de Roberval, from an original in the Bibliothèque Nationale,
Paris; and a photograph of a copper-plate engraving, circa
1650, also in the Bibliothèque Nationale, of Michel Particelli,
by Moncornet — a picture frequently published erroneously
as a portrait of Samuel de Champlain.
From Mr. R. W. McKee, of Los Angeles, the Archives
received a kodachrome copy of the family portrait of Colonel
Alexander McKee, Deputy Superintendent of Indian Affairs,
1794-99. Mrs. J. R. Jackson, of Ottawa, a descendant of
Peter Corney (c. 1780-1837), traveller and author of Voyages in
the Northern Pacific, 1813 to 1818, presented a photograph of a
portrait of Corney.
Photographs of many persons prominent in the history of
Canada were acquired. They included photographs of Sir
James Douglas and the Hon. A. N. Richards, presented in 1958
by Mrs. E. Rowley, of Cumberland, England, and an interesting
study of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, taken in his student days.
Acquisitions relating to exploration included a sketch-book
entitled "Views from Upper Canada long the McKenzie's
River to Great Bear Lake, 1825 and 1826", together with four
separate water-colour sketches dated 1826, all by Lieutenant REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 55
(later Admiral Sir) George Back. The sketch-book contains
sixty-five small water-colours which record the appearance of
the country traversed by Sir John Franklin and his party on
their expedition to the Arctic in 1825-26. These items were
received through the office of the High Commissioner for
Canada in Great Britain in 1955.
The same year the Archives acquired twenty-six large
water-colour drawings executed by Captain H. F. Ainslie, of
the 83rd Regiment of Foot, between 1838 and 1843. These
show, in great detail, various localities in Upper and Lower
Canada, including such interesting scenes as the famous windmill
at Prescott, which was the centre of a battle during the Rebellion
of 1837, and the locks on the Rideau Canal at Bytown.
The water-colour drawings in still another album added
to the collections are the work of Mrs. Millicent Chaplin, wife
of Lt.-Col. Thomas Chaplin, of the Coldstream Guards. It
contains over a hundred views and genre pieces, dating from
1838 to 1842. Another accession of importance, because of its
clear delineation of the Canadian scene a century ago, is a
sketch book of the English artist Edwin Whitefield (1816-1892),
who travelled through Eastern Canada about 1855. The book
contains drawings made during a trip from Lake Simcoe to
Kingston and thence along the Rideau Canal. Prominent
among them are views in and around Peterborough, including
early bridges, lock houses and settlements.
Interesting pen-and-ink sketches and drawings executed by
different hands, dated from 1838 to 1848, and showing life,
dress and views—mainly in Manitoba and Upper Canada—were
acquired from the Kennedy Galleries, in New York, in 1957.
An album of water-colours and early photographs compiled
by the family of Sir Anthony Musgrave, Governor of Newfoundland, 1864-69, and of British Columbia, 1869-71, was
presented in 1958 by Sir Anthony's niece and nephew, Mrs.
Charlotte Morgan-Kelly, and Mr. Herbert Dodgson. The
water-colours, which depict scenes in both Newfoundland and
British Columbia, are the work of Lady Musgrave.
An important coloured 18th century engraving of Niagara
Falls, by Henry Fuseli, was acquired in 1957. Entitled "Vue de
la cascade du Niagara en Amérique dans le pais des Iroquois",
it is one of the earliest views known of the locality.
From the Military Museum at West Point the Division
secured photographs of the 18 paintings by Rindisbacher in the 56
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
collections there. These are a useful supplement to the original
Rindisbacher paintings in the Archives. Prof. D. C. Mackay,
of the Nova Scotia College of Art, very kindly presented
photographs of seven paintings of Halifax in the 18th and 19th
centuries. Through the courtesy of the Hydrographie Department of the Admiralty, London, the Archives secured photographs of six interesting sketches by John Sykes, master's mate
of the Discovery, one of the ships in Captain Vancouver's expedition of 1792-95.
In 1958 Mr. Edwin C. Guillet presented a small collection
of photographs of early portraits of the Langton family, of
Fenelon Falls, Ontario. Through Mr. Guillet's good offices the
Fenelon Falls Public Library made available for copying two
volumes of Anne Langton's water-colours and sketches, covering
the years from 1837 to 1870. The views, approximately 130 in
number, contain much interesting information and are a useful
supplement to Anne Langton's letters and journals.
Albums of photographs in the records of two North American
Boundary Commissions of the last century have yielded pictures
of great historical interest. Last summer, through the courtesy
of the Institute of Royal Engineers, at Chatham, England, the
Archives was able to copy 36 photographs in the album recording
the work of the Boundary Commission of 1860-61. Last autumn
the Foreign Office made available for copying the large album,
containing 256 photographs, that was in the records of the
Boundary Commission of 1872-75. Between them, the two
collections cover the country in proximity to the American
border from Lake Superior to the Pacific Coast. The pictures
include some of the earliest known photographs of many of the
localities.
In 1955 the Archives acquired from Mr. Frank Swannell,
of Victoria, a collection of photographs, maps and notes relating
to some of his explorations and surveys in British Columbia,
notably those along the Finlay River. These form a most
valuable record of conditions of travel, and of the state of the
country itself, some thirty years ago.
In 1956 the Archives received an interesting gift from Sir
Archibald Nye, who at the time was High Commissioner for
the United Kingdom in Canada. This consisted of an album,
compiled by Mr. Norman Reddaway, containing a remarkable
series of photographs illustrating the history of "Earnscliffe",
formerly the home of Sir John A. Macdonald, and now the
official residence of the British High Commissioner in Ottawa. REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 57
Another unusual gift was received from Mr. A. Sherriff
Scott, the well-known painter. Mr. Scott has in his studio a
series of albums compiled many years ago by Alfred Sandham,
author of Montreal Past and Present. In 1957 he presented
one of these containing autographs, letters, etc., of persons of
importance in the history of Montreal, to the Archives, and he
intimated that the other volumes would follow at a later date.
MUSEUM
Exhibits
Until very recently, no actual count has been made of
visitors to the Museum, but it is clear that the number has been
increasing in recent years. This is particularly true of school
children who, in the spring especially, converge on Ottawa from
many points in Ontario and Quebec.
With a view to maintaining public interest in the Museum
many special exhibits are arranged. New acquisitions are
shown; historical events and anniversaries are marked by
appropriate displays of manuscripts, maps, pictures, and other
items. In 1955, for example, displays recalled the dispersion
of the Acadians in 1755, and the creation of the provinces of
Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1905.
In 1956, two hundred years after the appointment of the
Marquis de Montcalm as Commander-in-Chief of the French
forces in North America, the original commission issued to him
by Louis XV at Versailles was purchased and exhibited, together
with his correspondence and other items relating to the Seven
Years' War.
In 1957 the Museum observed the centenary of the choice
of Ottawa as the site of Canada's capital. To commemorate
this event the Archives placed on display the original despatch
(December 31, 1857) from Henry Labouchere, Secretary of
State for the Colonies, which informed the Canadian Government
that "in the judgment of Her Majesty, the City of Ottawa
combines greater advantages than any other place in Canada for
the permanent seat of the future Government of the Province:
and is selected by Her Majesty accordingly".
In May of 1957, when a plaque in honour of Sir Sandford
Fleming was unveiled at the Dominion Observatory, the Archives
lent to the Observatory a number of pictures, books and souvenirs  that recalled  the amazing career of the well-known 5» PUBLIC ARCHIVES
railway engineer who contributed so much to the adoption of
standard time. During the summer of the same year selected
items from the papers of former Prime Ministers were placed on
display. Other exhibitions had to do with the Rebellion of
1837-38, the Riel Rebellion and the Imperial Economic
Conference of 1932.
Four notable anniversaries differing widely in character
were recalled by special exhibitions in 1958. These were the
200th anniversary of the capture of Louisbourg, in 1758, the
centenary of British Columbia, the 100th anniversary of the
landing of the first transatlantic cable in Newfoundland, and
the 60th anniversary of the Klondike Gold Rush of 1898.
Other special exhibits included a showing of 116 coloured scale
drawings of early Canadian and American steamers, the work
of Mr. Erik Heyl, of Buffalo, N.Y., and a display that included
a filmstrip on David Thompson, made by the National Film
Board, and some of the documents, photographs, art work, etc.,
upon which it was based.
Accessions
A very notable addition to the Archives Museum was the
Great Seal of Canada used during the reign of George V. This
was presented in 1955 by the Hon. Hugues Lapointe, at that
time Minister of Veterans Affairs. Mr. Lapointe inherited
it from his father, the Rt. Hon. Ernest Lapointe, who was
Acting Secretary of State at the time the Great Seal of George
VI replaced that of George V. Thanks to this gift, the Archives
now has in its possession all the Great Seals of Canada since
Confederation, with the exception, of course, of the Great Seal
of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, which is currently in use.
A number of Indian relics were added to the collections.
Mrs. Cruikshank, widow of Gen. E. A. Cruikshank, presented
a wooden mask, a rattle of turtle shell and a tomahawk, all
from the Blackfoot tribe. Beaded belts, a leather purse, a
pouch and a pair of leather gloves were given to the Museum
by Commander F. J. D. Pemberton, of Ottawa; all are believed
to have originated in the country north of Lake Superior.
The collections relating to Arctic exploration continue
to grow, thanks in great part to the Department of Northern
Affairs, which transfers to the Archives any items of interest
that may be unearthed in the North by survey and exploration REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958 59
parties. New accessions included a tin of pemmican found on
Beechy Island and presumably cached there by Sir John
Franklin during his ill-fated expedition of 1845-47. Another
disaster in the Far North was recalled when Dr. Douglas
Leechman presented a piece of wood from H.M.S. Fury, which
was wrecked in the Canadian Arctic in 1825, after having been
driven ashore by ice.
From the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation the Archives
received a collection of some 500 steel discs upon which were
recorded live on-the-spot reports by French-Canadian correspondents and observers during the Second World War. These
are a most interesting and valuable supplement to the collection
of similar recordings in English that was given to the Museum
by the CBC a few years ago. Another interesting disc came
from Mr. H. M. Schudt, President of Canadian Allis-Chalmers,
Ltd. This recording, entitled "His Finest Hour", consists of
extracts from some of Sir Winston Churchill's most famous
speeches; it was made to celebrate Sir Winston's 80th birthday,
November 10, 1954.
Other donations included a stone dated 1668, found near
Oxendon, in the Bruce Peninsula, by Mr. Edson E. Hurlburt.
Mention should also be made of an interesting provisional
boundary marker used in connection with the Alaska Boundary
Survey of 1904-08; this was presented by Mrs. H. S. Mussell,
of Ottawa.
More recent accessions have included a gold mourning
ring worn by the widow of Nicholas Sparks, one of the most
prominent figures in Ottawa in earlier days; it was the gift of
Mrs. Nicholas Sparks, wife of the grandson of the elder Nicholas.
From Senator A. C. Hardy the Museum received a cane that
was formerly the property of Lady Laurier; it has been added
to the Laurier mementoes in Laurier House.
Numismatic Section
Interesting additions were made to the collection of coins,
tokens, medals and paper money.
One notable item was a silver medal bearing the effigy
of Sir Lomer Gouin, who at the time of his death (1929) was
Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec. This medal was presented
by Senator and Mrs. Léon Mercier Gouin, of Montreal. 60 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Mrs. John P. Graham donated a scarce $4 note issued by
the Bank of Acadia, a financial institution with headquarters
at Liverpool, Nova Scotia. The bank operated only from Tune
1872 to April 1873.
The Archives also acquired a large silver medal struck on
the occasion of the Confederation Jubilee of 1927.
An 1838 Communion token issued by the St. John's Church,
of Quebec City, was received from Miss Elisa Geggie, of Beau-
port, Que. The Archives has now an almost complete collection
of Canadian Communion tokens.
Reverend F.-Emile Morin, of Montreal, donated the military
medals awarded to his brother, Private A. Morin, who lost his
life during the First World War. These included the Distinguished Conduct Medal and the 1914-1915 Star.
Mr. A. G. Penny, of Quebec City, added to our numismatic
collections a Dominion Gold Medal awarded to his grandfather,
Senator Edward Goff Penny.
Miss Dorothy Barber, of Ottawa, presented a bronze
Exhibition Medal; and from the Hamilton Coin Club came a
medal struck on the occasion of the 4th Annual Convention of
the Canadian Numismatic Association, in 1957.
British Columbia celebrated its centenary in 1958. On
this occasion medals were struck by both the Victoria Numismatic Society and the Vancouver Coin Club. Examples of
these medals were acquired by the Archives.
The Royal Mint, London, presented brilliant uncirculated
samples of a number of coins ordered by the governments of
Ceylon, Jersey and Iceland.
From the estate of Dr. W. S. Barnhart, through Mrs.
Barnhart, of Ottawa, a number of very interesting medals were
received, amongst them the R. N. Starr gold medal of the
University of Toronto, awarded in 1891 to W. N. Barnhart.
LAURIER HOUSE
Laurier House was placed under the control of the Dominion
Archivist by the Laurier House Act, and it has been open to
the public as a museum since August 1, 1951. It is the former
home of two prime ministers of Canada, the Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid
Laurier and the Rt. Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King. It was
bequeathed to the nation in 1950 by Mr. King. REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958
The number of visitors to Laurier House continues to
increase. Attendance during the last four calendar years was
as follows:
1955     37,236
1956     36,259
1957     37,957
1958     39,708
The total for the four years thus exceeded 150,000. Attendance
in the earlier years was noted less accurately, but the total
number of visitors to the museum since it was opened in 1951
has probably exceeded 250,000.
A special Laurier Room, on the first floor, was arranged
and opened to the public in 1958. The exhibits include a fine
series of photographs of Sir Wilfrid, ranging from a snapshot
taken when he was a young student, to a photograph taken
shortly before his death. Books from his library, personal
souvenirs and facsimiles of some of the interesting letters and
documents in the Laurier Papers are also on display.
It is hoped that the Laurier Collection can be expanded,
for he is still not represented adequately in Laurier House.
LIBRARY
Like the Map Division, the Library has benefited greatly
from the completion of the Records Centre. Duplicate and
surplus material has been sent to Tunney's Pasture, and this
has eased the space problem in the Public Archives Building.
Even so, crowding is still serious, as the library now consists of
over 89,000 books and pamphlets, not including the large
collection of bound newspapers.
In spite of steady work by the staff, arrears in cataloguing
are still substantial. Fortunately most of the uncatalogued
material is fairly readily accessible, and this reduces inconvenience both to the staff and to students. The cataloguing
activities of the Library of the Public Archives and of the
National Library in the fields of Canadian history and literature
are being co-ordinated, in order to prevent duplication, and to
prepare for the time when both collections will be housed in
the same building.
PUBLICATIONS
Much the largest publication issued was the volume
prepared by the Map Division entitled Sixteenth-Century Maps
Relating to Canada: A Check-List and Bibliography. This was
issued early in 1957.    A French edition followed in 1958. 62 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
In 1957 the Archives published a Guide to Canadian
Ministries since Confederation, the text of which had been prepared in great part by Mr. M. R. Mackenzie, of the Privy
Council Office. This most useful publication lists in detail all
ministries that held office in the period July 1, ?.867, to January
1, 1957. Full details of offices held by each individual are given
in the index. A French edition of the Guide was published in
1958.
Eight new titles in the Preliminary Inventory series were
published in the period under review:—
Published in 1955:
Manuscript Group 21:    Transcripts from Papers in
the British Museum.
Fonds des Manuscrits N° 5:   Ministère des Affaires
Published in 1957:
Manuscript Group 23:   Late Eighteenth- Century Papers.
Record Group   9:   Department of Militia and Defence.
Record Group 14:   Records of Parliament, 1775-1915.
Record Group 15:   Department of the Interior.
Record Group 16:   Department of National Revenue.
Published in 1958:
Manuscript Group 26:
Prime Ministers' Papers.
In 1958 the Archives also printed a preliminary inventory
of the Collections of the Norfolk Historical Society. This was
published in co-operation with the Society. As noted elsewhere,
the Society's collections have been microfilmed, and the film
copy is available to scholars in the Search Room at the Archives.
Further inventories are in the press or in preparation,
including a preliminary inventory of the collections of the
Lennox and Addington Historical Society, of Napanee, Ontario.
OTHER SERVICES
The number of inquiries received by mail continues to
increase, year by year. Although extensive searches cannot be
undertaken, the Archives frequently can give very considerable
assistance to scholars at a distance, and it is clear that this
service is much appreciated.    The Preliminary Inventory series REPORT FOR THE YEARS 1955-1958
63
is proving extremely helpful in this connection, since these
printed guides indicate briefly, but at the same time fairly
specifically, what is available in the Manuscript Division.
Experience has shown that the inventories are fulfilling admirably the purposes for which they were designed.
The Bindery has been kept busy with a wide variety of
work, much of it difficult and delicate. It was necessary, for
example, to repair and back the whole of the large Peter Fidler
map, which came to the Archives in bad condition. A major
repair programme on the Des Barres charts was carried out
with great skill. Thousands of pages of manuscripts have been
flattened, cleaned and repaired. The number of books bound
has shown a steady increase from 672 volumes in 1955 to 1,999
in 1958. New equipment, some of which arrived about the
end of the year, should make it possible to increase production
still further.
The Photographic Section is kept fully employed, as the
demand for photographs, photostats and microfilms increases
each year. Large microfilming orders are now usually referred
to the Central Microfilm Unit, but work that involves special
handling, or the copying of very valuable papers, is still done
by the Section. The installation of a large fully automatic
photostat camera and developing unit has helped greatly, and
facilities for ordinary photography have been improved.
Technically, the Section is now well equipped to meet most of
the demands that are made upon it. 

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