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Report of the Department of Public Archives for the year 1946 Public Archives of Canada; Lanctôt, Gustave, 1883-1975 1947

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Price, $1.00
Keeper of Public Records  DOMINION OF CANADA
Keeper of Public Records
Letter of Transmittal  v
Report of the Keeper of Public Records        vii
Accessions of Manuscript Division         xi
A True Picture of the Government of Canada for a few years        xxi
Halifax in 1793      xxiv
Reminiscences of Capt. James Dittrick of St. Catherines, District of
Niagara, Upper Canada      xxix
The Canadian North-West I   xxxiii
House Heating and Smoke Prevention in 1881    xxxvi
Nova Scotia State Papers—Calendar of Nova Scotia Official
I. Nova Scotia A., 1802-1820  3
Ottawa, December 31, 1946.
To the Honourable Colin W. G. Gibson, P.C., M.C., K.C.,
Secretary of State,
Sir,—I have the honour to submit to you herewith the-Annual Report
of the Department of Public Archives for the year 1946.
As usual, the report is accompanied by a selection of historical documents. As an appendix, it contains the first instalment of the calendar of
the official correspondence sent by the British departments to the Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia.
Respectfully yours,
Keeper of Public Records.  REPORT OF
With the termination of hostilities last year, the Archives was able to
start reorganizing its services on a post-war basis. Several members of the
staff, being demobilized, have returned to their posts in the Department;
the Paris office has re-opened its doors, which had been closed since 1940,
and the London office has added three members to its strength. It still
remains to fill a few vacancies on the staff, as well as to build the administration budget up to its former level—both the staff and the budget having
been greatly curtailed by wartime economy during the last six years. It
was the budget reduction that limited the number and extent of our publications in the course of this period, so that they were narrowed down to
an annual report.
It is to be hoped that a greater allocation will permit us to increase, before
long, the size of this report and to resume shortly the publishing of our
series of constitutional documents. To offset this, copies of documents kept
in London because of the risks and difficulties of transportation have begun
to reach us; and there will soon follow copies from Paris that had been
scattered during the German occupation.
This year, the various divisions made many acquisitions. In the
Manuscript Division, it is fitting to mention the Proceedings of the Missis-
quoi Bay Associates, 1797-1799, which inform us on the colonization of
that district, of which little had been known until now. The same applies
to the Register of the Association of the Counties of VIslet and Kamoursaska
for the colonization of the Saguenay, 1848-1869. We must also mention the
papers of W. Ogilvie (1822-1913), Commissioner for the Yukon, which
furnish an interesting documentation on the Yukon, a field not very rich
in historical material. To these collections, we add the papers of Peter
McNab, concerning McNab's (or Cornwallis) Island, in Nova Scotia; and
also the documents of the Wurtele family, among which are a few letters of
Arthur Wurtele, telling of his voyage to Australia in 1852 during the gold
The Map Division can take pride in its numerous and excellent acquisitions. Many photocopies of splendid maps of New France about 1725
have come to us from the Library of Congress; the Newberry Library, of
Chicago; and the William L. Clements Library, of Ann Arbor. From
among them, we cite maps of the St. Lawrence River and the Labrador
coast, dated 1715; and of Port Royal, about 1808; all from the Newberry
Library. Also, from the William L. Clements Library, maps of the Amherst
Collection: for example, an altogether remarkable one of the St. Lawrence
from Lake Ontario to Montreal. From the Library of Congress, we received
among others, two excellent maps of the region south of the St. Lawrence,
and Montresor's maps indicating his route from Quebec to Fort Halifax,
on the Kennebec. Among the original maps from the General Staff acquired
from the estate of Lt.-Col. Plimsoll Edwards, of Halifax, we draw attention
to two valuable surveys of the western section of Upper Canada, of 1840;
and a series of plans, 1809-1810, of St. John's (Quebec), Isle-aux-Noix and
Carleton Island, as well as the Niagara and Detroit frontiers. viii PUBLIC ARCHIVES
From the War Office, London, this division has received a series of
maps containing plans of the coal mines and railways at Sydney and of the
Albion mine, dated 1846. The Department of National Defence has
generously transmitted to the Archives a collection of six hundred original
maps by the Royal Engineers, relating to Kingston and Quebec.
The Print Division has been enriched by numerous acquisitions among
which is a series of photographic negatives of civil and military personages
of Halifax, belonging to the period from 1875 to 1910. There is also a
collection of photographs taken secretly in Germany by a Canadian prisoner
of war. We must especially mention the magnificent bequest from Mrs. T.
B. Jardine, of Chesterknowes, Scotland: the gift of a collection of forty
water-colours by the American painter Ernest J. Miller, depicting scene of
Indian life in the West, about 1835. In addition to being pieces of an early
date and of the highest order, far superior to the drawings of Catlin and
Paul Kane, these water-colours are artistic paintings, remarkable for the
movement and life they have been able to capture as well as for their charm
and skill of design and colour.
During the course of the year, the Information Division received more
than 3,000 requests for information. The excellent work of compiling
indexes of the various series also made good progress.
The report for 1945 contained the last instalment of the calendar of
the State Papers of Upper and Lower Canada (up to the year 1841). Now,
the present report resumes publication of the State Papers of Nova Scotia,
unfortunately suspended since 1901. The programme of the moment is to
complete this calendar and then proceeed to the calendars of State Papers
for the other provinces, so as to place at the disposal of students a complete
series of calendars of all the large collections in the Archives.
As usual, the report is accompanied by a few historical documents,
limited by a lack of funds. The first piece, A Faithful Picture of the Govern-
ment of Canada for Several Years, is an anonymous memoir of 1759. It
confirms, by an independent witness, what is already known: the extortions
and manipulations committed, in order to enrich themselves at the expense
of the King, by Intendant Bigot, Commissary Cadet and their associates,
whose agent in France was a trader at Bordeaux, named Abraham Gradis.
Nearly all the commerce, and many of the positions, were in the hands of
the associates, owing to the discretionary authority of the Intendant, who
was influenced by his friend Mme de Pean and other associates.
The second document, Description of Halifax in 1793, possesses the
merit of new material, bringing a quantity of information about the city
and about the life of its inhabitants. It describes the city, with its population of 7,000 souls, its wooden houses painted in lively colours, the pleasant
life that was lived there, the men gallant and attentive towards the very
amiable women. The elaborate dinners given there started at five o'clock
and continued until eight or nine. At dessert, all kinds of wines were
served; and for hours innumerable toasts were drunk. But even though
they carried their liquor like gentlemen, that did not make for a shorter
sitting; for the ladies retired from the table when dinner was over, leaving
the men to their own company for an hour before they passed into the
drawing-room for coffee. The Newberry Library, which holds the original,
has kindly granted us permission to publish this document.
In third place we find the Reminiscences of Captain James Dittrick, which
relate to the settling of a Loyalist family in the township of Grantham.
There is nothing more engaging than this account of the difficulties en- REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946 ix
countered by these colonists, who found themselves in the depths of the
forest, living the life of Robinson Crusoe, making their tools and spinning
their cloth, and even having to content themselves with eating roots during
the famine of 1788.
Next follows a letter from John Henry Lefroy, an artillery officer, who
made a magnetic survey in the Northwest in .1843 and 1844, which gives
valuable information on that district, the fur trade and the Indians. Also,
it informs us that the change from the canoe to the boat as a means of
transport revolutionized the situation, and that the voyageurs, of whom
the most renowned came from Sorel or Trois-Rrvieres, lost their preeminent position because of the growing number of English and metis who
entered the service. His description of the country and of life at the trading
posts is marked by interesting and characteristic details.
The final document of the series cannot fail to cause some surprise.
It concerns an exhibition of heating equipment that a London committee
proposed to hold as early as 1881, and in which Canada was invited to
participate. The aim was to display the various systems of heating and
ventilation used in England and abroad. At the same time, the committee
was to study the elimination of smoke nuisance. Thereupon, information
was sought regarding the steam heating of private houses, introduced by a
company in London, Ont. Unfortunately, the reply stated that this
method of heating might give satisfaction when practised on a small scale,
but could not be applied to a whole city.
This year, the Archives regrets to announce the loss of an important
member of the staff, James F. Kenney, Ph.D., LL.D. Entering the Department in 1912, he was named Director of the Publicity and Research Division
in March, 1926, and later, in August, 1928, was promoted to the rank of
Archivist, grade 3, and made Director of the Print Division. A member of
the Royal Society, founder and secretary of the Canadian Catholic Historical
Association, and a historian of Irish origins, his sudden demise was a loss
to the Archives and to historical circles.
During the year, the Archives held two important exhibits; one of
French pictures, in May, and one of water-colours by the American painter
Ernest J. Miller, donated by Mrs. J. B. Jardine and already described.
The latter exposition was officially opened by the Governor General,
Viscount Alexander of Tunis, and Lady Alexander.
The War Museum, attached to the Archives, has continued to add to
its rich collection of trophies and war souvenirs. In the course of the year,
it was visited by about seventy thousand persons.
Keeper of Public Archives.
Address to the King from the Roman Catholic inhabitants of the Province
of Quebec, 1784, reply and refutation. Archives du Seminaire de
Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17, Nos. 36-40.
Adhemar and Delisle: Mission to England and correspondence respecting
the Address from the Roman Catholic inhabitants of the Province of
Quebec, 1784. Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau,
carton 17, Nos. 36-54.
American Revolution: (1) Letter from the three Faubourgs of Montreal
to Brigadier General Richard Montgomery. Letter from Congress to
the people of Ireland, 28 July, 1775. Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 27.
(2) Information et precedes de la milice de Berthier en haut au
sujet des troupes allemandes, mars, 1777. Report of St. George
Dupre, E. W. Gray, and Pierre Panet, special commission to obtain
evidence on the complaints made by the inhabitants of Berthier and
St. Cuthbert, who declared that they had not been paid for services
and provisions supplied for the German soldiers. Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 28.
Auditor General : Publishment Book.   Index of employees.
Aylmer, Lord: Letter to Governor W. L. Marcy, of New York, respecting
the extradition of Edward Hays, Sorel, 25 October, 1833. L.S.
{Aylmer Additional Papers, No. 1).
Baby, Francois: Letter to Madame De Muy, of Boucherville, Quebec,
4 June, 1781. Reports that Haldimand cannot give financial assistance.   Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17,
No. 30.
Canada. Relazione concernente le stato del Canada, data al Governatore
della nuova Yorck nel 1751.    Certified copy of Ms. No. 229 of the
Royal Malta Library.
Canada, Resume d'Histoire du, 1644-1704. Archives du Seminaire de
Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 57.
CrviL Service Commission: Departmental Organization Charts (1922).
Chapoton, Jean (Surgeon at Detroit): Grant of land to, 18 June, 1743.
Photostat of document in the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit.
Charles I: Warrant for execution of Charles I, 1648. Facsimile by the
Publishers' Publicity Service, Toronto.
Coronation Stone: Plans and correspondence respecting the hiding place
of the Coronation stone.
Creighton, John (Police Magistrate at Kingston).    Papers of :—
(1) Leech to T-B- of Brockville, Kingston 25 August, 1866. Introduces Capt. Dennis G. McCormick who will give instructions as
to the "struggle to take place some time Prox." Arms and
ammunition will be sent.    A.L.S.
(2) Hon. John A. Macdonald to Creighton, private, 30 August, 1866.
Directs him to investigate the smuggling of aims by Fenians.
(3) Macdonald to Creighton, private, 31 October, 1871. Gives his
views as to prison sentences: the primary object of the Penitentiary is punishment; and the incidental one, reformation.    A.L.S.
(4) Newspaper clippings  respecting Fenian  prisoners  at  Kingston,
1871, and on the release of John Quinn, 1872.
(5) Calling card of Col. Blosse Lynch.
(6-10) Autograph letters from James Burke, Daniel Whalen, Patrick
McGrath, M. Kiely, P. P. Ledwith, R. B. Lynch, and Daniel
Quinn, released prisoners, all of whom show appreciation for the
treatment they received from Creighton, as Warden of Kingston
Detroit: M6moire sur le detroit des deux lacs Erie et St. Claire.    Cadillac
Papers, Vol. 5.
Drummond, Rev. William: Journal of a voyage from Greenoch to the
Island of St. John, 5 April to 12 May, 1770.    Typed copy.
Dulongpre, Louis. Commission as lieutenant in the Montreal militia,
4 April, 1796. Archives du S6minaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau,
carton 17, No. 25.
Fevret de St. Mesmin, Benigne Charles: Journal of a voyage from
Falmouth, England, to Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1793. Photostat.
Contains an account of life at Halifax, and trips to Quebec, Montreal,
and New York.
Ford, Colonel David: Letter to Hon. Nathan. Ford, Morristown, N.Y.
9 October, 1814. A.L.S. Feels that "there never was greater luck
to us than the shott which killed General Brock." Regards Sir George
Prevost and Sir Gordon Drummond as poor generals.
French Families: News of families which had returned to France after
the conquest of Canada is found in a letter from Lusignan to Madame
LaCorne. Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton
17, No. 55.
Fur Trade: Contract made by the Sieur Le Gardeur, Chesne, Cavellier,
Bissot, Cailleteau, Constantin, Charly and Guyon to go to Michili-
mackinack for the Sieur Le Sueur, 23 September, 1698.    Photostat.
Fur Trade: Minutes of a public meeting to discuss the fur trade, 18 October, 1699.    Photostat.
Galt^ John : Commission from the Canada Company appointing him as
Commissioner in Upper and Lower Canada, 3 October, 1826. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946 _w
Guercheville, Madame de: Autograph, 22 April, 1623.   Photostat.
Haldimand, Lt.-General Frederick: Letter to Sir John Johnson,
Quebec, 20 September, 1779, respecting the command of his corps.
Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17, 2-}_.
Jolliet, Adrien: Contract made by Jan Doucet to clear land owned by
Adrien Jolliet, 20 April, 1665.    Photostat.
Lahontan, Baron: Two letters to the Duke of Juvenado, 1 September
and 7 December, 1699. Photostats. Sends map of the Mississippi
and the journal of Jean Cavelier {Lahontan Papers, Vol. 2, Nos. 3-4),
Langevin, Sir Hector L.: Collection of Autograph letters from Sir John
A. Macdonald, Charles Tupper, Hector Langevin, (Amor de Cosmos),
A. J. Smith, Peter Mitchell, R. B. Dickey, S. L. Tilley, Sandford
Fleming, Hugh Allan, Alexander Morris, John Costigan; and copy of a
letter from A. G. Archibald (Lt.-Governor of Manitoba). Langevin,
Vol. 1.
Laroque, Dr. G.: (Serjeant at Arms, Legislative Assembly, Quebec):
Account book for the Interprovincial Conference of 1887.    Original.
Lawson, Brigadier J. K.: Extracts from Diary at Hong Kong, 1941.
L'Islet and Kamouraska: Register of the Association of the counties of
ITslet and Kamouraska, which was formed to establish colonies on the
Saguenay, 1849-1852.    Photostat.
Lusignan, Charles: Suit of, Lusignan vs Etienne Simeon Delorme.
Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 55.
Mackenzie, W. L.: Letters addressed to W. L. Mackenzie 1824-1839.
Photostats from the J. H. Wheeler Mss. in the Burton Historical
Collection. (W. L. Mackenzie Papers, Vol. 5). These include letters
from William McCrea, (Raleigh), 1824-1825; Rev. W. Jenkins, (Mark-
ham), 1827; Silas Fletcher (E. Gwillimbury), 1828; J. A. Vail (St.
Catherine's) 1829; J. Bletcher, (Port Hope), 1829; E. C. Griffin
(E. Flamborough), 1831; and from Patriots living in exile in the
United States, 1838-1839.
Magna Carta: Facsimile published by the British Educational Society,
McCarthy, Count: Verses written on Bevezy's portrait of Bidout.
Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 59.
McNab, Peter: Family papers. Originals. Contain material relating to
the purchase of McNab's (Cornwallis) Island, Nova Scotia.
Memoire sur les moyens de prevenir la Guerre et de parvenir a une conciliation avec l'Angleterre, February, 1755. Archives Nationales,
Marine, B4, Vol. 68.    Photostat.
Manson, William (Scotland): Letter from Henry Rose, Montreal, 7 May,
1849. A.L.S. Depressed state of trade, rebellion losses riots, and
the burning of the Parliament Building. xiv PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Mezieres, Henri: Letters written in 1792-1799; order for his release from
prison at Brest; and letter from Louis Levesque, Bordeaux, 21 July,
1806. Mezieres regrets that he left Lower Canada and associated
himself with the activities of Citizen Genest. Burial record of Louis
A. Mezieres 1765. Archives du S6minaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau,
carton 17, Nos. 31-35.
Monarque, Jacques : Commission as lieutenant of militia of Riviere des
Prairie, 4 July, 1762 (or 1763). Archives du Seminaire de Quebec,
Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 24.
Oaths: British Statutes governing state oaths, 1714-1866. Transcript.
These are 1 Geo. I, stat. 2, cap. 6 and cap. 13; 8 Geo. I, cap. 6; 6 Geo.
Ill, cap. 53; 10 Geo. IV, stat. 2, cap. 7; 21-22 Vict., cap. 48; 29-30 Vict.,
cap. 19.
Ogilvie, W.:
Papers.   Originals.
1. W. Brown to Thomas Ridout, Cornwall, 21 April, 1822; has finished
the survey of Plantagenet.
2. L.B.O. Wood to W. Ogilvie, Billings Bridge, 28 July, 1873.    Gives
bearings of the survey of Russell, in 1856 and recommends to
re-survey the area.
3. Bishop W. C. Bompas to the Lt.-Governor [Manitoba] St. Luke's
Mission, Rampart House, Porcupine River bordering on Alaska,
3 December, 1891. Agriculture, mines, and wages are good.
Americans are conducting an illicit trade, and have fixed the
4. James McKinlay to W. Ogilvie, Fort Resolution,  15   December,
1891.    Unable to find out much about the Fond du Lac-country.
5. V. E. de Sainville to the Lt.-Governor of Manitoba, Fort Simpson,
31 March, 1892. Herschel Island would provide a good harboujr.
Stern-wheelers might not be able to stand rough seas on the
6.  to the Lt.-Governor of Manitoba.    Could furnish information
on the navigation of the Mackenzie river.
7. Peter Gunn to Ogilvie, Fort St. Johns, 21 July, 1892.    Personal
news, loss of the packet.
8. Ogilvie to James L. Wilson (Superintendent of the Alaska Com
mercial Co.), Forty Mile [Yukon], 22 May, 1897. Gives information as to the gold rush.
9. Edward S. Wilkinson to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works, 18 October, 1897. Reports on the Kitimat and Lakula
valleys adjoining the Skeena River.
10.  to Sir Wilfred Laurier, Dawson, 12 May, 1900.    In code.
11. Ogilvie to the Editor of the Dawson Daily News, Commissioner's i
Office, Dawson, 14 January, 1901. Regards the railways as the
most potent influence in progress.
12. A. J. Beaudette to Ogilvie, Dawson, 15 September, 1904.    Reports I
on the Fraser Falls.
13. A. White (Deputy Minister Lands and Forests) to Ogilvie, Toronto,
7 December, 1906. Concerning surveys of Cumberland and
Clarence townships. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946
W. Ogilvie to Clifford Sifton (Minister of the Interior), Dawson,
10 April, 1907.   Asks for an increased living allowance.
Affidavit by Ogilvie as to contracts for moving merchandise from.
Dawson to Selkirk, in 1898.    Ottawa, 5 May, 1910.
Memorandum of instructions to W. Ogilvie respecting submerged
lands in the vicinity of the Pas, 1911.
  to C. Sifton, Ottawa,- 5 January, 1912.    Gives views with
respect to gas flows on the Pelican River (near Grand Rapids of
the Athabasca).
By-law to appoint an engineer under the Ditches and Watercourse
Act, Cumberland, 1906.
Assignment from Henry Burrows to George Sparks, lot 19, Rideau
Street, Bytown, registered 1854.    Incomplete.
Memorial of grant by James Ogilvie to the Protestant separate
school at Gloucester, January, 1860.
Extracts from field notes of William McDonald's survey of Russell,
Extracts from Duncan McDonell's field notes of the Township of
Cambridge, 1834.
Applications for grant for placer mining, in Duncan mining division,
Yukon, 1908, by William Harrison Chadsey, Alexander Arthur
McCormack, Peter Godfrey, and Daniel Currie.
Meteorological returns, East Main, James Bay, 1890.
Weather Report, Eagle, Alaska, October-November, 1899.
Cross sectional measurements of Saskatchewan River above Grand
Rapids.    No date.
Nine thousand miles after a murderer and some other matters.
Tinsmith Tompkins, published by the Wide World, London.
The Witness.
Caught by a Halibut in Alaska, Rod & Gun Magazine, December,
Some memories of men and things and some dog doin's too.
Some notes on Gold Mining in the Yukon Territory.
Note book of survey in Cumberland, Gloucester and Russell, 1869.
Note book of survey in Gloucester, 1871.
Diary in the Yukon, survey of 141st meridian, 1894.
Observations in the Magnetic Observatory, Toronto.
Diary, 1891.
Memorandum on the break up of the Upper Mackenzie River,
1876-1886, 24 August, 1888.
Extracts of daily Journal kept at Abitibi, 1887-1890.
J. McDougald,  (H.B. Co.)  to Ogilvie, Edmonton,  29 January,
1889.    Recollections as to coal deposits on the Peel River.    Is
leaving Athabaska.
(J.R.?)  Steele  (N.W.M.P.)  to Ogilvie, confidential,  Dawson,  8
August, 1889.    Urges that bonded goods should be allowed into
the Territory.
Programme of a Concert held at Dawson, 15 February (1900).
Lady Minto to Ogilvie, 7 August (1900).    Expresses thanks for the
basket of nuggets presented by the miners at Dawson. xvi PUBLIC ARCHIVES
45. Bishop W. C. Bompas to the Lt.-Governor of Manitoba (duplicate
of No. 3).
46. James Macaulay to Ogilvie, Victoria, 20 January, 1892.    Visited
Mexico. Surveys of the North West Coast and Queen Charlotte's Sound. Claims the townsite of Revelstoke. Reports
from the Northern mines discouraging. Met Dawson on his
way back from Behring Sea.
47. Charles Christie  (H.B.  Co.)  to Ogilvie, Nelson,  12 June,   1892.
Is glad that Ogilvie got out safely. The water in the river is low
at present.    Is leaving for Simpson.
48. J. Schultz to Ogilvie, private, Winnipeg, 7 September, 1892.    Sends
letters from Bishop Bompas. Has asked Ottawa to apply to the
Admiralty to send a gun-boat to Herschel Island if only to stop the
rifle ammunition and whiskey trade.
49. J.   Schultz   to   Ogilvie,   private,  Winnipeg,   26   January,   1893.
Regrets that Ogilvie is going to Alaska and the West Coast.
Daly is pressed with immigration matters. Will continue his
efforts to get the expedition under way. Sutherland has floated
his Hudson's Bay scheme, which will enable us to obtain information as to the waters tributary to Hudson's Bay.
50. Letter introducing W. Ogilvie, going to Europe to give information
as to the Yukon.    Signed by Clifford Sifton, 21 February, 1898.
51. Acknowledgment   from   the   Museum   of   Practical   Geology   for
specimens contributed by Ogilvie, 13 May, 1898.
52. George Davidson to Ogilvie, San Francisco, 15 November,. 1904.
Sends two books on Alaska.
53.     (Secret   Intelligence  Officer)   to   the   Officer   Commanding
N.W.M. Police, Dawson, 22 February, 1900. Reports on D. W.
Semple, a fugitive.
54. Record of temperatures at  Ponsonby Concession,  Lewes River,
N.W.T. November 1899-February, 1900.
55. Testimonial by Members of the Council   (of the Yukon)  as to
Ogilvie's effort to develop the country.    No date.
Pownall, Sir George: Letter to Doctor Fisher, Piccadilly, 12 April,
1807. Speaks of his retirement and order granting him a pension
from the Lower Canada revenues. Archives du Seminaire de Quebec,
Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 61-62.
Prev6te de Quebec: Judicial Records, 1747.    Transcript.
O'Shiel: Personal letter to Jean Delisle, of Montreal, Nantes, 14 February,
1772. Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17,
No. 31.
Pitt, William: Letter to Holwood Hill, 29 May, 1786, respecting the
preparation of a despatch on the Declaration of War. Archives du
Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 26.
Pointeau, Pierre: Power of Attorney to Louis Rouer de Villeray, 21
March, 1692.    Photostat.
Smith, W.: Letter to Sir John Sherbrooke, 10 October, 1816, asking on
behalf of Richard Montgomery's widow that permission should be
given to remove Montgomery's bones to Levingstone Manor, New
York. Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds Verreau, carton 17,
No. 60. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946 xvii
Taylor, John F.: Account Book, 1832-1844.   Original.
Thomas, Francis: Journal of a voyage from London to Quebec, with an
account of the shipwreck near Cape Ray on the Coast of Newfoundland, 1833. Typed copy. Original in the possession of W. F. Thomas,
Rouville, Hertel de: (1) Letter from J. Thouron and Brothers with
respect to the succession of Madame St. Blin, 1768;
(2) correspondence with Sir James Kempt as to his commission as
Lieutenant-Colonel, 1829. Archives du Seminaire de Quebec, Fonds
Verreau, carbon 17, Nos. 58 and 58^-
Valiniere, Abbe Pierre Huet de la: Deposition as to his loyalty
during the American Revolution; hymns written by. Archives du
S6minaire de Quebec.    Fonds Verreau, carton 17, No. 56.
Vancouver, Capt. George: Letter to Mrs. Jonathan Rogers, Nootka
Sound, 2 October, 1794. Expresses uncertainty as to whether the
country will be returned to Spain.
Van Horne, Sir William: Letters to Senor Gonzalo de Queseda y
Arostegui, 1900-1912. Deal with the construction of the Cuba railway.
Wurtele, Jonathan: (Seigneur of River David) (1-3) Three letters from
his brother (in law?), John Saxton Campbell, Treneere House, Penzance, 7 April, 26 May, 11 July, 1852, A.L.S. Shows an interest in the
seigneurial question.
(4-7) Four letters from his son Arthur S. Wurtele. The first from
Treneere House, Penzance, 13 January, 1852, describing a visit to the
mines. A.L.S. The other three from New South Wales, 23 July,
19 August, and 17 October, 1852. Typed copies. They give an
account of the voyage out, and of his lack of success at the gold
(8) Arthur S. Wurtele to his uncle, John Saxton Campbell, Sidney,
New South Wales, 24 July, 1852. A.L.S. Reports his arrival.
"The Diggings look up well & gold is easily got."
(9) Arthur S. Wurtele to his brother Jonathan Wurtele, (of
Montreal); London, 4 March, 1852. A.L.S. Gives information as
to his life in London. Comments that printing is not such an extensive business as' in New York; to read the news, goes into a Coffee
House .& calls for a cup of coffee & reads his paper, for in any Coffee
House daily papers are to be found. In one news room at 66 Cheap-
side by paying a penny, papers amongst others the Montreal Herald &
You request from me that I give you a faithful picture of the Government of Canada for a few years. I do not know truly, if I must undertake
it, where I shall find expressions vivid enough to describe to you all the
horrors and injustices which are committed there. How can I paint to you
all the thefts, all the extortions and the monopolies which are practised on
the finances. The General2 and the Intendant3 together have put all to use
to enrich themselves. The General on the one hand has grasped all the
commerce of the hinterland, has sent as commanders at the different posts,
officers who being his associates, have shamelessly plundered the Indians
and the voyageurs. The Intendant in connivance has taken care to send
on his part, store managers and clerks who being assured of making a
brilliant fortune, have seized all the commerce—have sold two or three
times to the King merchandise which had already been bought in his name
at Quebec at exorbitant prices to give and distribute to the Indians, to
whom it was sold in part. The rest of it, sold a second time to the King,
was put into circulation and sold again to the same Indians. These
officers and clerks at the end of three years returned to Quebec, brilliant,
insolent with a fortune which they had no right to expect, ill received and
despised by the few honest people who had still retained the sentiments of
honour and probity but received with open arms by those in power, of
whom they were the knaves and unworthy instruments. This important
commerce, the certain gain on the food to be supplied to the Indians, which
they were supposed to give free and which they sold to them, ought doubtless to have satisfied their greed. The ease with which they were able to
seize the commerce of the hinterland, led them also to grasp the sea trade.
To succeed in this they formed a large company, Sieur Gradis4 of Bordeaux, the commissary of that company, sent to Quebec vessels laden with
merchandise and liquor. This company disgusted the commercial traders
of Canada. Few decided to send there and those who came there, were
obliged to sell their merchandise and their effects to this company, under
the pretext that the shops had need of them. Masters of all, they sold
at high prices; everything became scarce, although plentiful. Under
pretext of service, they forced the inhabitants to sell their cattle and their
commodities to them, and despite that they had issued very severe ordinances that no private person might send out commodities to the colonies,
these same vessels of Sieur Gradis left for the isles laden with flour, salted
beef and pork accruing from a levy in the name of the King, at low prices.
The levy of grain and cattle from the inhabitants, the obligation that they
had to go in a group and carry on war both in Acadia and the outlying
posts; all this combined to bring about scarcity in the country districts.
The inhabitants being forced to make war, the soil could not be tilled, the
country districts instead of being established were destroyed. The inhabitant who was formerly in abundance has fallen into the greatest desti-
» War Office 34, Vol. 9. The Amherst Papers, Vol. VIII. pp. 333-339. This "True portrait" does not
carry any signature, but it is followed by the note: "Wrote since the reduction of Quebec"
1 Marquis de Vaudreufl, Governor General of New France: charged with maladministration, he was
imprisoned for 15 months but finally was discharged on all counts and given a pension of 6,000 livres.
* Francois Bigot, Intendant: found guilty of having "tolerated, favoured, or himself committed abuses,
extortions, malversations... .", was condemned to be paraded bearing the inscription "perfidious thief',
and to pay a 50,000 livres fine and 1,150,000 livres restitution to the treasury before being executed. This
was later commuted to banishment for life, with a fine of 1.000 livres and the restitution of 1,500,000 livres.
4 Abraham Gradis: a Jewish trader.
tution. The country has been unable to maintain and feed the troops.
This company could not enrich itself without ruining the colony. The
profits they made on the commodities of the country were not enough;
their greed was never satisfied. The Intentant now arrived at his final
scheme. Representing to the Court the poverty of the colony, and the
want that he himself had brought about during 5 or 6 years, he asked for
aid in food, it being impossible without that to maintain the ground troops
which the General had requested for the defence of the colony. He proposed Sieur Cadet,5 who had for a long time been one of his agents, in the
capacity of butcher, as Commissary General. That man raised to this
rank seized all the commerce, under pretext of bringing in food—all the
store managers in the different posts became his clerks, and at his wages.
The financial situation was completely changed. Cadet, practically
General and Intendant, erected a large house, bought land in the country
and three or four beautiful houses in the city. I saw this man, who had
never had any other occupation than that of killing cattle, have entry into
war councils, make decisions there as an army general, be listened to and
applauded. He became the adjudicator of Canada, everybody submitted
to him; he commanded as njaster in the stores of the King; if one of his
ships was lost, the loss was sustained by the King, and the company also
received a certain benefit from that loss. It knew nothing but profit, the
losses were not for it. In the finances all was entered in the King's name,
at exorbitant prices, the double or even the triple of what had been actually
paid. The provisions ordered for the King's stores were outrageous.
The favorites of Sieur Cadet and Sieur Pean6, and of his wife, found in these
surpluses an easy fortune. If one of these men was in trouble, he was
married off to one of Mme Pean's relatives. Raised to the rank of a clerk
with Cadet, he would want for nothing. Before his marriage he would
have scarcely a shirt; the affair settled, and the contract signed, this man
would appear well dressed and dashing, would have a good table, a comfortable house, servants, carriages, nothing would be lacking.
Sieur Daine7, in whom was found no talent to enter society, but who
had to make his mark in the capacity of Mme Pean's uncle, was causing
trouble, so they thought of establishing just one bakery. Dumas was the
agent and the extortioner who was chosen. This company he entered
with a quarter share with Sieur Daine and two Pertheujs8. Bread was
immediately 8 sous the pound. They got the flour from the stores at 12
francs the hundredweight. They had a certain profit of 60 or 80,000 ecus
a year. The bread was under weight and badly baked. Complaints
were made to Sieur Daine, who in the capacity of judge should have punished the baker. On the contrary he insulted the plaintiffs, threatened
them with prison and made them to understand that they were still very
fortunate that Sieur Dumas, whom he called the Father of the People,
consented to deliver bread to 'them. I am given only a quarter of bread a
day, however no one complains. The Intendant insists that it is a godsend.
Was he unaware that Dumas in paying him double the tax for bread was
selling it for as much as he wished. That unworthy company was allowing
flour to be sold retail at 4 sous the pound   to children who needed it for
'Joseph Michel Cadet: found guilty of squandering public funds he was sentenced to banishment from
Pans for 9 years, a fine of 500 livres and the restitution of 6,000,000 livres. Later the banishment was lifted
and he was allowed the sum of 5,400,000 livres. He bought large country estates in France and spent a fortune
improving them; but the State refused to pay him in full and he died insolvent in 1774.
• Michel Jean Hugues Pean: made a huge fortune in wheat in connivance with Bigot; his wife, nee Angeli-
que des Meloizes, was a favourite of the Intendant and exerted powerful influence with him for her own ends.
7 Francois Daine: promoted to Lieu tenant-General of the judicial district of Quebec, 1744; appointed by
?i«ot director of the domain of the King. 1752; was not indicted, and returned to France after the Conquest^
died, 1765.
* Joseph Perthuis; held many important appointments, finally (1754) King's Attorney; was well skilled
in English and translated official documents for Bigot; was awarded pension in 1762; returned to France
1763; died 1782.   The other Perthuis, was probably his brother Charles, about whom little is known. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946 xxiii
gruel. They complained, they proved the monopoly, they were not
listened to. The loss to Canada had been decided upon; the Canadian
was to be reduced; this was accomplished. Several associates, still retaining their interests, retired to France, doubtless to sustain and support
themselves. First term letters of credit were for the company, the second
and third were for the public. The public knew all of this, the Canadian
did not complain. In 1758, Commerce appointed Sieur Tache to the
Court to represent them. They equipped him and paid his passage,
giving him the sum of 10,000 francs. They counted a great deal on this
deputation. He arrived at Versailles. He went and found M. La Porte,
clerk, who, already instructed by the company of his mission, advised
him to say nothing, and in return had him given a position, which without
doing anything brought him a revenue of 1,000 francs. He returned and
his only reply and justification for the expense of Commerce was that he
dared not say anything and that he had been thus advised. Is this not
enough to say about it. It is a true picture, but unbelievable. I do not
enter at all into the details. You may judge for yourselves. They did
everything to their profit, and except for a few private merchants, all the
others whose fortunes were increasing were all in league with the company
either as associates or as tools.
Administration of Justice
A Superior Council, resident at Quebec, composed of eleven laymen,
half of whom are very ignorant, and placed by Mme Pean, and a clergyman,
an Attorney General, a Registrar and ushers.
A Provostship at Quebec, composed of a Lieutenant General, a civilian,
a King's Advocate, and a Registrar.
In the country districts, judges over the different seigniories, very
ignorant, these judges, subordinate, have appeal to the Provostship and
the Provostship to the Council, in the last resort, except, after that, from
the Council to the King.
The General, the Intendant and the Bishop9 presided over the said
Superior Council by virtue of birth. They formerly considered it an
honour to officiate on it. Messrs. de Vaudreuil and Bigot scorned this
Council, which truly had become despicable since they started meddling
with its composition.    They never attended it.
The Bishop followed their example, doubtless so as not to be an
accomplice to the injustices and delays which the parties were made to
suffer. One cannot refrain from doing him justice. He is truly an honest
man. The people have always respected him. He managed to maintain
his rights without baseness, has kept his clergy in order. He often groaned
under the weight of the troubles with which Canada was being crushed.
He could not remedy it. He said nothing and was content to attend to his
own affairs.    I cannot finish better than with this eulogy.    I am
1 the Conquest; retired to Montreal, where de PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Journal of our navigation leaving from the port of Falmouth in England
to that of Halifax in Nova Scotia.
[By Benigne Charles Fevret de Saint-Mesmin].
Wednesday, 12 June, 1793.1
Our stay at Halifax appearing by all these mishaps to have changed
to a lengthy one, we thought of quitting the inn where we had first located
and of seeking a more economic manner of living. By chance, we had made
the acquaintance of Mr. Gauthier, chief clerk of the secretary's office at
Halifax, our connection with him being made so much easier since he
spoke our language and was of French origin through his grandfather, who
being from Toulouse and a Calvinist, had sought refuge in England at the
end of the last century. This gentleman rendered to us every service he
possibly could in his city. In particular, he found us a modest lodging,
arranging the price at ten dollars a week with Widow Spencer, at whose
house he placed us. We have nothing but praise for our hostess, she could
have been prettier, but what she lacked in that regard was replaced by her
attention to all our needs. There we were also cleanly and suitably housed
and fed. Painful though it may be to reiterate events which offer only a
picture of misfortune and disaster, these of which I mention a few details
here are so linked with our peculiar situation, and with that of our unfortunate country and everything that was still under its domination, that
they must be registered in this journal.
********** **
I must get back to our stay in Halifax. It was long enough to put me
in a position to gain knowledge of several particulars regarding that place
as well as the province of Nova Scotia, of which it is the capital. I have
already spoken of the view from the harbour by which the port of this
town is entered: it is one of the prettiest, best and safest in the whole
continent of America. Its roadstead which is a league in length by half a
league in width has the same security; and the largest warships find good
anchorage as well as good shelter there. At the time when Nova Scotia,
under the name of Acadia, belonged to France all this bay was named
Chebouctou and the place which is now Halifax was only occupied by a few
fishermen's huts. It is only forty three years since the first buildings were
erected in this town. It stretches along the coast to a length of a mile and
a half; its depth is less than three quarters; the citadel which dominates it
is strong only by its situation, but the fort which occupies the small island
at the entrance of the port, and several batteries in front, on the coast,
make a landing difficult for enemy ships.
Although stone is a superabundant material, in the vicinity of Halifax
as well as throughout Nova Scotia, it is of such a hard and refractory nature
that it is found more economical to build there with wood. Outside of
Canada, this type of construction is employed in the greater part of North
America.    It promises neither lasting quality nor security in case of fire,
1 The original of this diary is in the Newberry Library, with whose kind permission this is now published.
The author, Benigne Charles Fevret de Saint-Mesmin, belonging to a family of jurists, was a counsellor
in the Bourgogne Parliament, at Dijon, at the time of the French Revolution. In 1793, he emigrated to
Germany, passing through to Holland, thence to England accompanied by his son Jules, 23 years of age, with
the intention of reaching Santo Domingo, where his wife, Marie de Motinans, owned considerable wealth.
He embarked for Halifax, from where he went to New York, via Quebec and Montreal. There he learned of
the revolt in Santo Domingo and had to stay in the United States. Their financial resources exhausted, the
two travellers existed through the real talent of the son, as an artist and engraver, who weilded the pencil and
the etcher's needle with much success. He engraved several hundred portraits among which was an excellent
profile of Washington. In 1802, the Saint Mesmins went to Santo Domingo, where the father died the same
year.   After another visit to the United States, the son returned to France in 1810 and died at Dijon in 1852. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946
but it has its advantages by the ease in which a nice house can be completely built in six weeks and that of living in it the moment it is finished.
Besides, they [wooden houses] have a pleasing appearance to the eye.
Their lines and the colours they are painted are varied. In all, they have
appeared to me to have more cleanliness, lightness and less monotony than
our stone houses, if we except those of ours which merit being singled out
because of their fine architecture, but of which we only have an extremely
limited number.
Having regard for the recent establishment of Halifax, it is surprising
the growth that has already taken place in the buildings of the town, its
population and its commerce. It is estimated that the residents amount
to about 4,000 souls. If to that are added three regiments and a few
companies of artillery, constantly in garrison there, even in peace time, also
a more or less considerable number of transient sailors, its usual population
would be from six to seven thousand. The commerce of this port as well
as of all the others in Nova Scotia, consists of the exportation of every kind
of salt fish of which the neighbouring coasts supply in great abundance;
in whale oil brought by several ships which fish at Greenland; in furs and
other things of less importance. Although this English colony is supplied
principally by the mother country, its proximity to the United States gives
it great opportunities of carrying on illicit trade with them.
After what I have said of the barren soil which surrounds Halifax it is
easy to judge that it did not at all enter into consideration in the establishing
of this place. What determined making it the capital of Nova Scotia is
the excellence of the port, placed in front of the possessions remaining to
England in North America. She has there the arsenal for all the colonies
and there can be seen large and splendid magazines stocked with artillery,
and with all kinds of war munitions, others with masts, ropes and gear for
the repair of ships. The islands of Newfoundland and of Cape Breton, and
Canada are all within range of obtaining there everything they need for
their defence.
The Governor of Canada has the title of Governor General of these,
different English colonies, but as they all have individual governors, who
receive their orders direct from the cabinet of St. James., the title of premier
is almost purely honorary; it is only in time of war that his authority is
extended, in order to assure the advantage of accord among all parties.
As regards civil government, in Nova Scotia as well as in all the other
colonies under the British Crown, it is a miniature model of that of England.
The representation there is formed on the one hand by a colonial council,
composed of a certain number of permanent members which being assembled, perform the functions of the House of Lords; on the other hand by
members elected in the towns, boroughs and country districts under the
name of Commons. This little parliament, which for Nova Scotia assembles
at Halifax, has twelve members in the upper house and about one hundred
in the lower one. The Governor convokes the assemblies and represents
the King at them; he sanctions the decrees, which are executed provisionally; they cannot have force of law, however, until after they have been
approved by the British Parliament and sanctioned by the King.
The heads of civil and military government, those of administration,
those of justice all reside at Halifax; the principal ones are the Governor,
the General of troops, the King's Commissary for the navy, the arsenal and
the naval yard, the secretary for the country, who holds the chancellorship, finally the King's advocate and the three chief judges; these latter,
who form the law court of the colony also make tours into the interior parts
of the country at certain times of the year to administer justice there. xxvi PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Nova Scotia, a peninsula of 90 leagues in length by 40 in width, is
attached to the continent of America only by an isthmus 5 or 6 leagues
wide. A considerable part of its territory is still covered with woods,
others only offer barren soil. It is the same in this region as in the most
of them in the new world, where the populations are far from being proportionate to their areas. The total population of Nova Scotia only
amounts to about 25 thousand souls, who occupy either the different ports
on the coasts of the cultivated districts of the interior, several of which
have fertile lands, such as the county of Hants or of Windsor, and still
more that of Annapolis; this latter town which under the name of Port
Royal was the capital of Acadia in the time when it belonged to France, is
now but the second town in the colony.
In Nova Scotia are still to be found villages inhabited entirely by
French families which stayed there after the conquest. There they conserve their language and only marry their own kind. We are assured that
their friendly relations, their customs and their manner of living is remindful of the golden age. Happy Frenchmen! you are scarcely aware in your
peaceful retreats of the troubles and sanguinary scenes which desolate the
homes of your fathers.
Other uncultivated parts of the country as well as some coasts continue
to be inhabited by ancient original peoples, known by the name of Mick-
macks, their number amounts to no more than 6 or 7 hundred. These
savage people, having nevertheless a faint tinge of civilization from their
frequent communication with Europeans, have no other occupation but
hunting and fishing, the products of which they bring, to sell or exchange,
either to Halifax or to the other ports of the colony. They provide themselves thereby with different articles to their fancy and particularly brandy
or other strong liquors, potions for which these nations have an unrestrained •
taste. They buy there also for their use sailors' clothing, which is greatly
in keeping with their costume, with the exception of a capuchon with
which they cover the head. The government gives them complete liberty
to live in their own way, and exercises no other authority over them than
that of preventing them from troubling public order, which they rarely
Nova Scotia, situated at 45th and 46th degrees, would seem to promise
a similar climate to that of our provinces in France which are in the same
latitude, but the temperatures in the new hemisphere do not in any way
correspond with those in the old. In all of North America the winters are
at least as long and as severe at 10 degrees lower as at 10 degrees higher in
Europe. The Sprintime there is short and the summer which follows it
rapidly is not colder than at home. The cause of this dissimilarity having
been discussed by physicists and observers, they are all in accord in attributing it to the nearness and extent of lakes and the frozen seas in this part
of the Arctic Pole, as well as to the immense forests which still cover these
The products of the soil in Nova Scotia are wheat, barley, oats and
most other grains which grow in our climate. The same vegetables and a
great number of our fruits also reach maturity there, and if the latter are
less varied and less perfect there than at home it is rather because of the
little care given to the culture of the fruit trees than to the climate. Nova
Scotia also abounds with excellent fish as well as game, the principal species
of which are caribou (a sort of stag), hare, partridge, wood pigeons and
several varieties of water fowl.
Considering the modest extent of the town of Halifax it is inhabited
by a number of rich people, some obtaining their money from their positions, REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946
others making it in commerce. In most of the houses we had the privilege
of entering, they live very respectably. Having been nearly always with
French people in England, it was in Halifax that we began to practise the
English customs and way of living. It was there that, even if we found less
polish and at first a little coolness, we recognized at the same time a boundless frankness and cordiality. Well! who can, more than we do, appreciate
this truth: the welcome, the obligingness of several persons in this town
regarding us, the interest they have shown in us, which passed all we could
have hoped for in a country so far from our homes, where we also found
ourselves strangers and almost unknown. Seeing that we had only
intended to spend forty-eight hours in this port, we iiad not even provided
ourselves in England with a single recommendation to any of the government officials.
On the point of terminating the account of the stay we made at Halifax, I shall but pay a just tribute of gratitude to those who heaped
particular kindness on us, in giving proof of it here and in mentioning their
His Excellency WentwOrth2, the Governor of Nova Scotia, did not
just treat us with the simple politeness of a good reception, he gave us
many a dinner either in the city or at his pretty country house, situated
two leagues from there on the bank of a magnificient basin formed by the
sea beyond the port. He added to this all the good offices in his power
while we stayed in his territory; and when we decided to leave it, he also
had the kindness to provide us with the best of recommendations, for
Canada and the United States. Mrs. Wentworth also did all sorts of
kindnesses for us. It would be difficult to find people of position less
concerned with their dignity and more attached to each other.
Mr. Strange3, chief judge, and son of the famous etcher of this
name, is a man commendable for the frankness of his manner as well as for
his learning and amiability. Occupying first place in the magistrature
of the colony, he adds to the prestige he receives from this, that of his
personal merit. His house was open to us any hour of the day, and finding
in his presence the advantage that he spoke our language, we profited all
the more by his company because he treated us as friends rather than as
acquaintances of recent date. Without going into all the details of his
kindness, I cannot omit to mention the special confidence he was good
enough to place in us.
Two months of unforeseen stay in Halifax had almost exhausted the
little currency with which I had disembarked. I was well provided with
a letter of credit on a commercial house in New York, but finding myself
a distance of 200 leagues from there, it was money I needed to continue my
voyage with, and not paper that was worthless in Halifax. Besides, you
know how easily letters of credit can be falsified and to a certain degree
there was nothing to prove that we were not adventurers. None of those
considerations stopped Mr. Strange nor put him in doubt as to our loyalty,
and we were supplied from his purse with forty guineas necessary for
continuing our journey. After regretfully leaving that estimable Englishman, and during my stay in the United States, I carried on a correspondence
with him in which I had the satisfaction of finding new evidence of interest
and friendliness on his part.
We also experienced an infinitely gracious reception from commodore
Georges4 who commanded the port and from his wife. Both of them
having made several visits to the southern provinces of France, and not
* Sir John Wentworth: Iieut-Gov., May, 1792-April, 1808.
» Thomas Andrew Strange: Chief Justice, June, 1791-Sept., 1797.
* Commodore Rupert George; returned to England in 1795, later promoted to admiral and created baronet. xxviii PUBLIC ARCHIVES
having forgotten the warm welcome they had received there, take pleasure
in rendering a similar service to Frenchmen whom chance brings to them.
We ate there several times and saw them often. There is no company
more pleasant and more friendly than theirs.
A number of other persons in that town also treated us extremely
well, namely Mr. Ogilvie6, General in Chief of troops; Mr. Henry Duncan6,
ship's captain and King's Commissary for the Arsenal, where he has a
very pretty residence; Mr. and Mrs. Bellechere, he is in business, she is a
young Bostonian with pleasant features; Mr. and Mrs. Stuard [sic], the
husband is a lawyer; Mr. Thomson, if we had stayed longer he would have
invited us to spend a few days at his country place; finally, Mr. Thessiger,
a man in the confidence of his Excellency the Governor, rendered to us in
particular several obliging services. We benefited from most of these
persons because they spoke French more or less.
I shall finish the article on Halifax with a short description of the way
of living and the usages of society in that town. They are, as can be
easily believed, little different to those of the mother country, except that
in this colony the men, less occupied with politics and government, pay
more attention to women and value their company more. The women are
generally dressed with scrupulous cleanliness and those who are in fairly
good circumstances there have carriages.
I attended several suppers in Halifax, but dinners there are infinitely
more customary. The latter meal, when it is by invitation, could be
termed a combination of both. It starts at four-thirty or five o'clock and is
so prolonged that they hardly ever leave the table before eight or nine.
Then they go into the drawing-room to have tea and coffee, and all this
until 10 and 11 at night. There are also for society people daily meetings
called teas. Every woman who passes the evening at home serves between
6 and 7 o'clock to the company gathered there, tea, coffee, cakes and butter
tarts; and every acquaintance of the household attends these little affairs
with no more ceremony than that of a visit.
All customs being purely routine, each nation sees none better than
the ones for which it has contracted the habit. As for me, I could adopt
without hardship those of the English, provided, however, that I could
dispense with invited dinners. I confess that the duration of them seemed
to me inordinately long. Up to the dessert, the service is not any longer
than elsewhere, but from then until leaving, wines of all kinds cover the
table; glass in hand, public and private toasts are drunk unceasingly one
after another; and this diversion linked with conversation keeps the company amused for three consecutive hours. This we are told is the manner
in which our fathers lived, but happily only the tradition of it remains.
Furthermore, at all the affairs of this kind I attended, I never saw anyone
leave in a befuddled condition. Control can be maintained at will, since it
suffices in a sense, to raise the glass to the lips, but if by this expedient the
head is saved, the boredom of a long captivity is not avoided. It is all the
harder for a Frenchman to endure this confinement, which to him seem
incompatible with gallantry, since at these dinners the custom is that the
ladies leave the table at least an hour before the men, and wait in the
drawing-room until the men arrive to have coffee.
5 Brig-Gen. James Ogilvie: Commander of Troops in Nova Scotia, 1793 (or earlier) to March, 1799; died,
8 Capt. Henry Duncan: master and commander, 1768;
Naval Yard at Halifax, Jan., 1788.
i captain, 1776; appointed Commissioner REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946
Our family are of High Dutch extraction.    My Mother's family Emigrated to
emigrated to America in the reign of Queen Anne about the year 1705. ab^uTthe
The cause of their leaving their native Country, I am totally unacqu- year 1705-
ainted with, but in all probability for some political motive, and
to better their fortune in the New World.
Note,  Louis the 14th over ran Holland and prosecuted the 3000 left
protestants.    3000 of whom came over to America under the pro-^^oand
tection of Queen Annie, they might probably have been among theAmerica-
My Grand father settled on the Mohawk River about 30 miles
from the present flourishing town of Utica.
The Indian Chiefs who were in England, surrendered a large Grant of land
tract of Land in that vicinity to Queen Anne. j^SfindSM
It was a lovely Country—Splendid land, highly luxuriant andnear tlca"
prolific, in producing some of the finest Wheat in the World. And
after the forest had yeilded to the axe—The meadows were beautiful, where the cattle grazed in quietude affording an abundance of
milk and of which the richest cheese is made, many farmers who
were good judges pronounce it equal to the famous Cheshire Cheese
of England.
The Indians who encamped around that vicinity were very Indians
friendly, and although they noticed the white people daily making to the6 white.
encroachment upon their hunting grounds, yet they were by no
means hostile, but would allow them to enter their tents and partake
of their venison, hospitality, when at times they ran short of provisions, which is frequently the case with new Settlers in the bush.
In process of time my Grandfather by his industry and per-MyGrand-
serverance acquired a very comfortable Homestead, and if there was __± mother
an Acadia in the New World, The Mohawk River Settlement was the Jecame
identical Spot. Free from the turmoil of large European Cities, Man the property.
had time and opportunity for thought and reflection, and by fulfilling
the Duties of Life in his New Station, he was protected by his maker,
in whom he daily trusted. Thus time quietly passed on until a
change took place in the general aspect of affairs.
My Grandfather had left the world and the property came into
my fathers possession. Being a strict Loyalist, he took up arms in
defence of his Sovereign, Which he maintained to the last.
It was a Momentous struggle, a frightful warfare, where two war for
parties were fighting to obtain the Ascendency.
The farms were left to the care of the women, who seldom ate the
bread of Idleness, the Dutch being proverbial for economy and all the
useful requirements of domestic life.
They spun, they wove, they knit prepared their own flax—made
their own homespun gowns—the childrens dresses they churned,
made cheese, and performed all the various duties of domestic and
social life.
Under such circumstances, my father's mind was at ease about
the affairs of the Farm—
Females in
those days
were truly
good farmers
1 Coventry Papers, U. E. L., Vol. 1, p. 97. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
rather than
join the
Army left the
formerly called
Newark.   '
M™ S Hainer
is now 79
years old.
M* Dittrick
was born in
the year 1785.
great privations at first
settling in
the bush.
made spinning
wheels of an
He joined Butlers Rangers and sallied forth on behalf of his
Sovereign, hoping to quell all the political discontents, and to sit
down after the war, once more under his own Vine and figtree—but
this was denied him— Although the Loyalists—had 30 Regiments—
all regularly officered and enrolled, in addition to the British Regular
Army, yet they finally had to succomb to the discontented, so powerful
at times in a Revolutionary—Struggle.
Thousands of Loyalists, rather than join the Republican party,
left the Country—some to England—some to Nova Scotia and New
Brunswick, whilst a great number came from Albany, to Niagara,
where they soon obtained grants of Land, in part remuneration for
the loss of their Estates, which were confiscated—
My family and the Hainers into which family ^oay sister in sue- I
ceeding years married, Remained some time under the protection
of the Garrison. The lands on each side of the river, which flows
from the Falls into the brood expanse of Lake Ontario, were originally-
called Niagara, but when General Simcoe, who had a regiment called
the Queens Rangers, arrived in that vicinity, he styled the point on
the Canadian Side, Newark.
My Sister Hainer, who is now in the 79th year of her age, was
born on the opposite side of the river in the year 1781, her father was
a Royalist Soldier and so were her Ancestors, who came over with the
foreign regiments in the pay of Queen Anne.
My father Jacob Dittrick previous to his obtaining a Grant of
lands for his services went upon a farm belonging to a Captain
McDonald, who had obtained the same at a very early period for his
Services, and upon that very farm situate between Queenston and
Newark, I was born in the year 1785.
The year previous, a family of the name of Gregory who were.|
Loyal Soldiers, had a grant of 400 acres in the present Township of
Grantham—and soon afterwards  My father  obtained  the  same.
The Hainers also obtained a similar grant.
To all of these according to the provisions of the Land Board an J
addition was made for the benefit of the Children, so liberal was the
Government in providing for those who had fought for the ascendancy
of the British Crown.
No one can tell the privations we all underwent on our first
moving into the Bush.
The whole Country was a f orrest, a wilderness which had to be I
subdued by the axe and toil.
For a time we led a regular Robinson Cruso life and with a few
poles and brushwood, formed our tents on the Indian Plan. As the
clearances enlarged, we were supplied with some agricultural Implements, for we brought nothing with us but a few seeds prepared by
the careful forethought of the Women.
My father who had naturally a mechanical turn, amused himself
of an evening in making spinning Wheels, a loom, and a variety of
useful things for farming purposes.
Time passed on and having grown some flax and obtained some
sheep My Mother set to work to prepare the same for some cloathes
in which we were greatly in need of.
She had not any thread, so my father which doubtless he learned
from the Indians, stripped off the Bass wood Bark, saturated it in
Water like Flax, and obtained a fine strong and useful thread—
Necessity has no law.:— REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946
made, as long as the Material kept together. We none of us had any My father had*
shoes or stockings winter or Summer, as those we brought with ug*0**"1801116-
were soon worn out. At length my father tanned some leather, and
I recollect the first pair of shoes he made, which fell to my lot, I
greased, and putting them too near the fire, on returning, to my grief
found that my shoes were all shrivelled up, so that I could never wear
them, it was twelve months before I obtained another pair, so
many daily occurrences of life, having to be attended to.
I was singularly unfortunate, for the first pair of trousers my My shoes
mother made me from the proceeds of her flax, were burnt by putting were ____.
them too near the fire; all that remained of my old ones, was similar
to a pair of breeches, the leg part having been torn off, bit at a time,
in going through the bush—so I was obliged to remain twelve months
bare legged and barefooted, through all the various changes of the bS^tld.
Weather—but I grew up strong and hardy, being blessed with a
remarkable good constitution fitted to undergo the various hardships
of a forest life.
I am now in the 75th year of my age and I look back with
astonishment, to think, how mercifully we were all preserved, through
so many discouragements.
The most trying period of our lives, was the year 1788 called the
year of scarcity—every thing at that period seemed to conspire
against the hardy and industrious settlers.
All the crops failed, as the earth had temporarily ceased to yield a serious loss
its increase, either for Man or Beast—for several days we were   ecrops
without food, except the various roots that we procured and boiled
down to nourish us.
We noticed what roots the pigs eat, and by that means avoided
any thing that had any poisonous qualities.
The officers in Command at the Military Stations did all in their
power to mitigate the general distress, but the supplies were very
limited, consequently only a small pittance was dealt out to each
We obtained something and were on allowance until affairs
assumed a more favorable aspect—our poor dog was killed to allay
the pangs of hunger, the very idea brought on sickness to some but
others devoured the flesh quite ravenous.
Dogs are a very common food around the Rocky Mountains, but
the people became in time habituated to the taste. We next killed a
horse which lasted us a long time and proved very profitable Eating;
those poor animals were a serious loss to our farming appendages, but
there was no help for it. People ship wrecked on desert Islands or lost
in the Woods will take hold of any thing almost to satisfy the cravings
of hunger and to keep life together.
I have heard of a sailor wrecked on the Coast of South America,
who had been a long time without food, knocked down an owl with a
stick and devoured it raw, one of the toughest and most unpalatable
of the bird Species, yet to them it was a savory dinner.
At length a brighter era dawned upon us, and since then, every
thing went on well and prospered.
The Mills of rude workmanship were thinly scattered about the
Country—so that we had to content ourselves with a hollow stump
to pound our grain in, which was done with a cannon ball fastened to
the pigs.
The officers
in command
were very kind.
killed an owl. No attention
paid to dress
celebrated by
Farmers the
wealth of
War of 1812.
All shewed
their Loyalty.
a cord or bark of a Tree, and affixed to a long pole which served as a
lever—the bread or cakes thus made, were not particularly White,
but were eaten with a good appetite and proved wholesome.
We none of us experienced much Sickness, but whenever any
illness occurred, we had recourse to Medical roots found in the woods,
the virtues of which we acquired, by our intercourse with the Indians.
In 1792 in consequence of Governor Sioicoes proclamation
offering lands to actual Loyal settlers, a vast many located around the
neighbourhood and Country.
We visited one  another,  and  all  appeared like  one  family.
There was then no distinction, as is  the case now a days—All
" were on an equality and ready to do any kind acts and services for one
The happy meetings we often had, I look back to with much
I am decidedly of opinion that true happiness, as far as human
nature has the privilege of enjoying it, was far more abundant then
than the present frivolities of the age.
Dress was the last thing thought of. The women all wore their
linsey woolsey gowns, and the men and lads home spun Cloathes,
far more suitable to the rude log house and rough Country, than those
of a finer material.
Marriages were celebrated by Magistrates, thinly scattered
around the Country.
I think David Secord performed more ceremonials and.united
more happy young people, than any one else.
I really believe when those events took place, they were the
happiest people in the world.    There were seldom any quarrels or
bickerings—they pulled together, and their sole aim appeared to be,
to contribute to each others comfort, and to improve their farm for
tbe benefit of their children.    The present appearance of the farms, j
thriving homesteads, well shew, what can be accomplished by per- *
serverance and Industry.    The owners are the bone and sinew of the j
Country, and when the War of 1812 was declared, they were loyal,
and ready to stand forward in defence of their property, and to keep
the British Flag untarnished.
No period of History furnishes a brighter record, than the j
Loyalty and devotedness of the settlers, who rose in Mass, when they j
found their Country invaded by a neighbouring Nation and the war 2
cruelly carried on by a party for Mercenary Motives.
The same Spirit still exists, and although a few dissatisfied paltry I
demagogues who have no landed property at stake, may attempt to
shake the Loyalty of the old settlers, yet I am confident they will ]
never succeed.
I have for years spent my life in comparative retirement—and
in the 75th year of my age, I have no wish to mix much with the world. I
I content myself with a few Books and papers; in looking back
at my early career of life, and hope that the few years allotted me, 1
may be attended with the retention of my mental powers, until itj
shall please the All Wise disposer of events, to call me to another'
happier State of Existence.
St. Catherines
Feb. 7th 1860.
(signed) James Dittrick.
My Dear Sabine,
Lake Athabasca,
Xmas day 1843.
I drank your health to day with that of other "absent friends" in a
bottle of Madeira, "very particular*' Madeira indeed, for it was the only
one in this cold water country, having been brought in in my canteen, and
now leaving business for another occasion I think you may be interested in
hearing some of the minor details of my voyages and present life. I cannot
say that I have much to relate with respect to either, that in itself possesses
interest. This country has been revolutionized by the change from
canoes to boats, the old race of voyageurs, with their peculiarities, is almost
extinct, and with them the spirit of voyaging: while the reduced number of
persons employed makes the life at the Forts more tame and eventless.
My canoe was the first that has crossed the great Portage de la Loche for
about twelve years. Two or three villages in Lower Canada still retain a
renommee for their men. A Sorelle or Three river's man piques himself on
outdoing his neighbours, but so many English and half breeds are employed,
that the Canadian voyageurs no longer constitute the strongly marked caste
which existed thirty years ago, and are so far deteriorated that the Iroquois
are frequently preferred to them. I had two Iroquois up to the time of
leaving Norway House, and have frequently lamented their loss. The
half breed engaged there for a bowman proved a worthless fellow, on one
occasion when I called live! in the morning at a very usual hour i p. 2
told me he was guide for the day not for the night, which was flat mutiny.
A great advantage of Indian "buts"2 is that they have no understanding
with the middlemen3, they work in perfect silence, understanding intuitively
what each is going to do and never murmur or complain. These half
breeds set the example of idleness. So intricate however is the inland
navigation of this country that out of three or four boats crews, the man
engaged for me was the only one who could find his way back alone, their
guide excepted. I left Norway House on the 12th August and reached the
Grand Rapid at the mouth of the Saskatchawan in three days including one
of detention. A very lively and a very unexpected scene awaited me there,
two Brigades, that for Isle a la Crosse and the Saskatchawan Brigade both
of which had started some days before me were still in the Portage, it had
the appearance of a fair half a dozen Officer's tents were pitched together
at the upper end: the ground before them was piled with goods, and the
most motley crowd of persons filled up the space. There were French
families crossing to the Columbia, half-breeds of every shade voyageurs in
their greatest finery. Cree Indians making an harvest by assisting and by
pilfering and with all these the swarms of children, squaws and dogs,
which belong to an Indian encampment. I spent the rest of the afternoon
there. It was a glorious night of nearly full moon, and our situation on the
high bank of the River a very pretty one. The Indians with their drumming and singing broke the silence without destroying the charm. I think
I never saw a more picturesque encampment. We were all detained
together for nearly two days at the entrance of Cross Lake, a little way
above. Beyond that the canoe outstripped the barges and I saw no more
of them until leaving Cumberland House. Cumberland House is quite a
second rate establishment, and would not have afforded any inducements
for passing the winter there.    It was in charge of. a young Mr Pilly, a
» J. H. Lefroy, Letters from the North-West, 1843-1845, pp. 28-33.
2 Corruption of "bouts", meaning paddlers in bow and stern.
* Men who paddled between bow and stern, and who received less pay than the "bouts".
nephew of Sir John's, almost the only man I have met within the country
who is thoroughly discontented with it, and quits the Hudson Bay's service
next year. I was again detained after leaving Cumberland upon Pine
Island Lake, and had a good deal of bad weather from thence to the Churchill, and for two or three days after entering it. One unlucky night in
particular we encamped upon a spot so uneven that I was obliged to dispense with the tent; it rained hard and for two or three days afterwards.
The good humour, with which the voyageurs encounter these inconveniences
is one of the points in their character which make them so pleasant a class
to work with. They are certainly the most thoughtless of mortals. One
morning they left all their Pemmican on shore at breakfast time, and did
not miss it until we had advanced for several hours. We were then about
four days from Isle a la Crosse, but one and all they were in for pushing on.
They had a little flour; they could do without the "toureau". We had
just mounted a bad rapid (Snake rapid) and they preferred the certainty of
being half starved, and the probability of being wholly so, to returning
down it: this cost me several hours delay which were employed in observing.
The Portage de la Loche is no longer the terrible affair which it used to be,
a number of Indians and half breeds from the Plains resort there every
summer with their horses and carry the goods across. The boats are not
taken over but exchanged at the ends. By the help of two of these men
I got across in a single day (12 miles) the men carrying nothing but the
canoe. There is a terrible descent at the Northern end, which was rendered
still more difficult by rain. One of the men got badly hurt in going down.
Nothing can exceed the beauty of the celebrated view from this Portage:
the absence of life, the unbroken repose, the wildness of primitive Nature
softened by a richness that commonly belongs only to the highest cultivation made it different from any other beautiful view I ever remember
seeing. It is not less agreeable in detail, the whole way down the Clearwater river, and for a considerable distance down the Elk river. We were
travelling through holiday scenery. I arrived here on the 23rd Septr.
the weather had then become cold and gloomy and I was not sorry to
exchange the tent and camp fire for a roof. An Indian summer however
followed and travelling would have been practicable for five or six weeks
longer. My first impressions of this place were not the most cheerful.
It has a delapidated, poor look, with less of style than any of the larger
Forts I have seen: the parchment windows give a peculiarly dull look to a
building. Those impressions soon wear away. I miss nothing now, and
find myself far more comfortably situated than I ever expected to be.
The Establishment consists of one Chief Trader, Mr Campbell4, a Clerk,
Mr Boucheir, and some twenty men. Mr Campbell is an old Northwest
man, who has spent thirty or forty years in this department, very quiet
in manner, cheerful, and remarkably humane and kind in disposition, the
other is a young fellow who was one of our party from Montreal; we get on
very pleasantly with the help of a few books a chess-board and pack of
cards Boucheir and his chief have to themselves. Chess I cultivate but
the hourly observations leave very little time to be amused in this manner.
The Winter has been as mild as the last was severe; game is abundant and
no scarcity is likely to be felt by the Indians, unless the muskrats fail in
the spring. Last winter was one of terrible distress, of famine on the
McKensie. Two unfortunate Scotchmen who were travelling with despatches about Xmas from Fort Simpson to Fort Norman were knocked on
the head in their encampment one night, by some starving women, and
devoured, strangely enough the actors in the most horrible tales of that
kind in this country are women.    Our fisheries are productive, and the men
tt T.49olin C^P13611: born 1787 at the River Beaudette, Glengarry; entered N.W. Company, 1804 and
H. B. Company, 1821; promoted to chief trader, Arthabaska, 1828; retired, June, 1,1853 and died November 9, REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946 xxxv
live wholly upon fish, but there are a couple of hunters kept out, who send
in meat from time to time, usually from a great distance—five or six days
journey—moose, buffalo and a little reindeer or carriboo; but the large
ration 8 lbs to a man, and in proportion to women and children prevents
the men from often getting this luxury. I received your letter with others,
about a month ago, having left a man behind at Isle a la Crosse sick, he
was sent on with them when he recovered, otherwise they would not have
come in before March. I shall look forward with great pleasure to returning to England, and believe it will be worth while to do so. I do not feel at
present any disposition to change my mind with respect to the Siberian
tour, at least, if Frazer or any other desirable companion offers himself.
I might hesitate to undertake it alone. My plans for next summer are to
proceed to McKenzie's River early in March, and return by the last ice to
Slave Lake; this will allow a month or six weeks there, to return here with
the Slave Lake boat early in June, then go up Peace River to Dunvegan,
cross to Lesser Slave Lake, and so to Edmonton, and to descend the Saskatchawan, so as to reach the Red river again in August or September. I am
not likely, therefore, to see Sir Geo. Simpson, although I gave him to
understand I should meet him there, but that was before I had resolved
upon this circuit. I had very much set my heart upon reaching Bear
Lake, but to effect this it would be necessary to give up the Peace River;
and the latter appears the more important of the two. Something will
depend upon the forwardness of the season.
I beg my kind regards to Mrs Sabine and
Believe me
Yours most sincerely
(signed) J H Lefrov5
P.S.    I forgot to mention that I hope to have time to return by Moose
Factory, which will add little to the length of the journey.
s John Henry Lefroy (1817-1890) was an officer in the Royal Artillery and specialized in magnetic observations. From 1842 to 1853 he was attached to the staff of the observatory at Toronto, and spent the Winter
of 1843 and 1844 in a magnetic survey of the Northwest. The official journal of this survey was published in
1884, but Lefroy's personal diaries were lost in 1846. His letters, the only record of his travels, were presented
to the Public Archives by Commander Crofton in 1945. A biography of Lefroy by W. Stewart Wallace will
be found in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada for 1938, Series III, Section II, p. 67.
Downing Street.1
16 August 1881.
My Lord,
I have the honour to transmit to your Lordship, for information and
publication in the Dominion of Canada, a copy of a letter from the Honorary Secretary to the Smoke Abatement Committee with reference to a
General Exhibition which it is proposed to hold at South Kensington in
October next, at which appliances, inventions and fuels calculated to effect
economy and lessen the production of smoke will be exhibited.
I have the honour to be
My Lord, Your Lordship's most obedient
Humble Servant,
Governor General
The Right Honble,
The Marquis of Lome K.T.-G.C.M.G.
&c.       &c.       &c.
44 Berners Street W.
9 August 1881.
My Lord,
I am instructed by the Committee who are acting under Resolutions
passed by Public Meetings at the Mansion House, Kensington, and elsewhere to secure an abatement of the Smoke nuisance, to seek your assistance under the following circumstances.
It has been decided, as a practical means of encouraging improvements
in the art of heating and Smoke prevention, and in order to increase popular
knowledge of the various means by which the nuisance now seriously
growing in London and large provincial towns—may be abated, to promote
a large General Exhibition, whereat appliances, Inventions, and Fuels
calculated to effect economy and lessen the production of Smoke, may be
shown in action. Trials will be conducted and reported upon by an efficient committee of Expert? specially appointed for that purpose.
Facilities have been offered for holding such Exhibition at South
Kensington by Her Majesty's Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851,
and by the Science and Art Department. It is intended that the Exhibition
shall be of an international character.
Notice has already been received of some interesting Exhibits from
America and the Continent.
The Board of Trade, recognising the importance of the work in which
we are engaged, have certified that the Exhibition is calculated to promote
British Industries, and the Board have therefore, under the powers conferred upon them by the "Protection of Inventions Act 1870", granted
protection to new Inventions during the Exhibition and for six months
^Colonial Secretary, G. 1, Vol. 230. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946 xxxvii
The Secretary to the Admiralty has expressed readiness to favourably
consider applications for trials of smoke preventing appliances at some of
the Dockyards.
Earl Granville, on behalf of the foreign Office, has advised me, that he
will communicate with Her Majesty's Representatives in foreign countries
in order to make known, as widely as possible, the scheme of the Exhibition,
and seek the friendly interest and co-operation of foreigners.
Among other features of the Exhibition we hope to have the means of
showing the various modes of warming, & ventilation in use in foreign
places, that they may be contrasted with our own.
I enclose you Prospectus of the Exhibition, and my Committee will be
glad to learn that you will cause to be made such communications to Her
Majesty's Representatives in Canada and such other of the Colonies as you
think would be desirable in furtherance of the object.
I have &c.
The Right Honble
The Earl of Kimberley
Secretary of State
Colonial Department.
Sr. Wm. R. E. Coles,
Hon. Sec.
Downing Street1
29th August 1881.
With reference to my despatch of the 16 Instant, I have the honour to
transmit to you the accompanying copy of a further letter from the Secretary to the Smoke Abatement Committee as to obtaining reliable information relative to the warming by Steam of private houses in the town of
London, Canada.
I shall be glad if you will endeavour to furnish me with the information
desired by the Committee.
I have the honour to be
Your most Obedient
Humble Servant.
The Deputy Governor General R. H. Meade.
of Canada.
44 Berners Street W.
August 1881.
I am requested by my Committee to acknowledge the receipt of your
letter of the 17th instant and to ask you to convey to the Earl of Kimberley
their best thanks for his assent to the request contained in my communication of the 9th instant and to say they are glad to learn that a communication has been addressed to the Governor General of Canada.
* Colonial Secretart, G. 1, Vol. 230. xxxviii PUBLIC ARCHIVES
My Committee are informed that in the town of London containing
about forty thousand inhabitants the greater part of the private houses are
warmed by Steam—by a private Company—my committee feel that it is
very important that they should have thoroughly reliable information and
they therefore request me to ask whether His Lordship would address some
enquiry upon the subject to Her Majesty's representative or other authority,
in order that they may be advised of how far the system has been successfully adopted, and whether the warming is attended by ventilation of the
houses, and what has been the effect of the arrangement on the Health of
the inhabitants, together with any further information as to the present
expense of this method of warming; and such other particulars as can be
ascertained without undue trouble.
I have &c.
(Sgd) Wm. R. E. Coles,
Hon. Sec.
R. H. Meade Esq.
Colonial Office
Downing Street.
No. 11.
The Earl of Kimberley.
22nd Nov. 1881.1
My Lord
In reply to Your Lordship's Despatch of the 29th August last marked
General transmitting a copy of a further letter from the Secretary of the
Smoke Abatement Committee seeking for information relative to the
warming by steam of private houses in the town of London Ontario, I have
the honour to forward herewith a copy of a report of a Committee of the
Privy Council embodying a communication stating that the project referred
to has proved to be a complete failure.
I have &c.
(sd) P. L. MacDougall.
P.C. 750 E
19th November, 1881.2
The Committee of Council have had under consideration a Despatch
from the Secretary of State for the Colonies dated 29th August 1881 transmitting a copy of a letter from the Secretary to the Smoke Abatement
Committee as to obtaining reliable information relative to the warming by
steam of private houses in the town of London, Canada.
The Minister of Agriculture to whom the Despatch and enclosure were
referred, reports that he applied to the Honourable John Carling, of London,
Ontario for the information required and in reply has received from Mr.
Carling, a letter, a copy of which is hereunto annexed, stating project to
be a failure.
The Committee advise that a copy of this Report and of Mr. Carling's
letter be transmitted to the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
1 Secretary of State, 1881, G. 12, Vol. 81, p. 84.
1 Orders-in-Council, 1881. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946
October 4th, 1881.
My Dear Sir,
In answer to your to the working of the public Company in
London, Ont., for warming private houses by steam, I beg to say that it has
been a complete failure. The Company has been broken up and all the
works sold at a great sacrifice.   '
. I think it might work well on a small scale, but for the heating of a
Town by steam I do not think it will answer.
Very truly yours—
/sd/ John Carling—
Hon. J. H. Pope,
Minister of Agriculture.  APPENDIX
This collection of State Papers now consists of four series of material
gathered at different times and listed as follows:
Nova Scotia Official Correspondence, 1603-1867
This first series is formed of the three following groups:
a. Nova Scotia A. Extending from 1603 to 1840. This is an
artificial series of transcripts taken from records of the Board of
Trade and the Colonial Office. It also includes copies from
papers at the British Museum and documents at Lambeth
Palace. The main bulk of the material comprises despatches
with enclosures from governors and lieutenant-governors, and
the officials of Nova Scotia to the Board of Trade and Colonial
Office, and draft replies. From 1603 to 1801, inclusive, all
papers were annexed chronologically irrespective of contents
and sources. From 1802 to 1831, the papers are transcripts
from the Colonial Office series CO. 217. From 1832 to 1840,
the material is in photostat.
b. Colonial Office Series CO. 218. This group, covering the years
1760-1842, is made up of despatches with enclosures which are
not found in the preceding group, Nova Scotia A.
c. Nova Scotia Despatches. Covering the years 1834-1867, this
group is composed of despatches with enclosures of the lieutenant-governors and other officials of Nova Scotia, the copies
having been photostated from the originals in the Archives of
Nova Scotia.
Minutes of the Executive Council, 1720-1785
Formerly known as Nova Scotia B.
Journals of the Legislative Council, 1758-1800
Formerly known as Nova Scotia C.
Journals of the Assembly, 1758-1807
Formerly known as Nova Scotia D.
Two additional groups, E. Instructions to Governors, 1708-1840 and F.
Commissions to Governors, 1766-1840 have since been placed in the series of
Commissions and Instructions to governors and lieutenant-governors of all
(This is a continuation of the calendar of the Nova Scotia official correspondence, the first part of which was published in the Report on Canadian
Archives, 1894, and covered the years 1603-1801, inclusive, extending from
page 1 to page 573. This present instalment, therefore, constitutes a resumption of the calendar left in abeyance since 1894, which will be continued until
the whole of the series of official correspondence has been completed.)
Nova Scotia, A. 134
Sir John Wentworth [Lieutenant-Governor] to  Lord Hobart January s.
[Secretary of State for War and the Colonies], No. 96.   Enquires, on Halifax
behalf of Dr. A. Croke who has recently entered upon the duties of
Judge of Vice-Admiralty, as to Croke's rank and precedence.       p. 3
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 97. Transmits copies of the Acts January e,
and Journals of last session. Comments upon the Acts passed.Halifax
Explains that a suspending clause has been added to the Act for the
security of navigation, because this Act gives power to dispose of
property for purposes and in a manner differing from Acts of Parliament. Gives details with respect to the purposes for which money
has been appropriated by the Legislature to assist in road-making,
settlement, clearing the Shubenacadie River, the culture of hemp,
the relief of the Indians, as well as for salaries and public services.
Reports that upwards of £50,000 had been subscribed for a public
bank, in an effort to retain specie in the Province. Many of the
members, particularly those "from the interior parts of the Country"
did not appreciate the need for such an institution. This led to
an animated debate, which terminated in a resolution to instruct
the Agent to interpose if an attempt should be made to establish a
bank without the concurrence of the Legislature. Gives reason for
which he would assent to a measure to establish such a bank, provided
that the Bill contained a suspending clause. [Enclosures not at this
place.] p. 5
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 98.   Announces two vacancies m Februarys,
the Council caused by the deaths of Charles Morris and Henry HaKfar-
Newton.   Recommends Dr.  Croke, Judge of the Court of Vice-
Admiralty, G. H.  Monk, Justice of the Supreme Court, Charles
Morris, son of the deceased, and Edward B. Brenton, Deputy Judge
Advocate General, to fill these and future vacancies. p. 34
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 99.   Reports that Charles Morris, February %
who held the offices of Surveyor General and Registrar of Vice-Halifax"
Admiralty, died on 26 January, and that Henry Newton, who held
the offices of Collector of Customs at Halifax and Receiver of dues
for Greenwich Hospital, died on 29 January.   Praises the capabilities
A. 134
1802 of Charles Morris and George Thesiger, to whom he has given temporary appointments. Recommends that these appointments should
be confirmed. p. 36
March 22, Wentworth to Hobart, No. 100.    Transmits the speech and ad-
Haiifax. dress on the opening of the session, which took place on 25 February,
as the members suffer less inconvenience when sessions are held early
in the year. Trusts that the two Houses will maintain their present
friendly relations. Fear of loss of revenue has led the merchants
to petition that steps be taken to prevent smuggling. He has sent
the brig Earl of Moira to patrol the Gut of Canso and the Gulf of
St. Lawrence. Transmits a petition from Rev. E. Burke, who styles
himself Vicar General of the Roman Catholic Church. The Legislature has suspended action on this matter, since it affects the position
of the Church of England. A copy of the petition has been sent to
the Bishop of Nova Scotia. The winter has been mild, and there
is much sickness. p. 44
(1) Petition from the merchants of Halifax to Wentworth, 5
March, 1802. Ask that duties be levied on goods imported by
transient traders and that two vessels in addition to the Earl of Moira,
should be used to prevent smuggling. p. 51
(2) Petition from Rev. Edmund Burke, praying for the creation
of a corporation which might hold land and money for the establishment of Roman Catholic schools in Nova Scotia. The members of
this corporation would be the Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec,
his coadjutor, his Vicar General at Halifax, the Superior of the
Seminary St. Sulpice at Montreal, and their successors in office,    p. 55
April 8, [Hobart]   to   Wentworth.    [Draft.]   Acknowledges   despatches
Downing st. Nog 94 to 99j mciusive. a charter for King's College will be prepared. Dr. Croke will take precedence directly after the Chief
Justice for the time being. No decision has been taken as to the
remaining vacancies in Council. Praises Wentworth's observations
on the Acts passed last session. p. 41
April 21, Wentworth to Hobart, No. 101.   Transmits speeches made at
Halifax.' prorogation, and a report by James Morris, the Superintendent of
the Cape Sable Establishment. The business of the session was
delayed by the obstructive tactics of William Cottnam Tonge, the
Naval Officer. The Cape Sable Establishment proved its worth
when aid was given to the crew of the Hannah and Eliza, which was
wrecked on 26 December, 1801. The Government vessel has been
continued in service to carry supplies to Cape Sable, but she will be
sold. Suggests the imposition of a light duty as a means of providing
for this station and to provide a fund to aid in building two lighthouses, since the grant made by the Legislature is insufficient for
maintenance. p. 55
James Morris to -
 , Isle of Sable, 2 April, 1802. Reports on his winter on the island, and recommends the building of
two lighthouses.   [Speeches not at this place.] p. 67 A. 134
[Hobart]   to  Wentworth.    [Draft.]    Transmits  copies  of  two      1802
Orders-in-Council of 7 May confirming the Act relating to the estates May w, "
of insolvent debtors and the Act relating to shipwrecks.    ListsDowning st-
seventeen other Acts which do* not seem liable to any objection.
[Enclosures not at this place.] p. 74
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 102. Reports that he has published June 19,
the proclamation announcing that peace has been signed. Dr. A. Halifax-
Croke has been informed of his appointment to Council, and of the
necessity of producing his mandamus. The Council wishes to be
instructed as to the precedence to be given to Croke. Transmits
a memorial from A. N. Danseville, who wishes to remain at Halifax,
and to have his pension continued. Urges compliance with this
request. Reports on the trade in plaster of Paris. Transmits
Morris's report on the Cape Sable Establishment. Asks that the
Act relating to shipwreck should be confirmed. p. 82
(1) J. Haliburton, J. Brenton, Andrew Belcher, William Forsyth,
and Lawrence Hartshorne to Wentworth, Halifax, 5 June. Ask
that the order governing Croke's rank and precedence should be
explained. p. 89
(2) Danseville to Wentworth, Halifax, 16 June.
[In French.]
p. 92
(3) A Journal kept by James Morris on the Isle of Sable, 6
October, 1801, to 28 May, 1802. p. 96
(4) Remarks and observations on the Isle of Sable by James
Morris. Includes a design for a lighthouse. [Map of Isle of Sable
removed to Map Division.] p. 246
(5) Diagram of the proposed lighthouse. Six drawings, with an
explanatory comment by James Morris. [Three of these have been
removed to the Map Division.] p. 277
Wentworth to John Sullivan [Under Secretary of State]. Ack-junei9,
nowledges despatch enclosing an estimate of the parliamentaryHalifax-
grant for the civil and ecclesiastical government of Nova Scotia, p. 294
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 103.    Reports two fires in Halifax June 21,
which have induced him to post militia guards in the town at night.Uaiiiax-
This morning a third fire was discovered.    In a postscript of 22 June
he reports the apprehension of a suspected incendiary. p. 296
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 104.    Entreats Hobart to place the June 22,
personnel of the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment, which is about to beHalifax-
disbanded, on half pay.    Cites the services of this unit since its
beginning in April, 1793. p. 300
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 105.    Transmits copy of a lease of ^j*""*10
the coal mines in the province to William Forsyth, Lawrence Harts-      **"
home, and William Smith, for which he desires the King's approbation.    Discusses the advantages of granting such a lease. p. 304 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 134
Copy of lease, subject to the approval of His Majesty, 5 August,I
1802. p. 311
Henry Bowyer [Lt.-General] to John Sullivan [Under Secretary].
[Draft.] Acknowledges letter of 9 July enclosing copy of a letter
written under Hobart's direction to the Treasury. Discusses the
extent to which fresh provisions for the troops may be secured
locally. P- 327
(1) George Brinley [Commissary and Storekeeper] to Bowyer,
Halifax, 4 September. Gives his opinion as to the extent to which
the troops in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick can be supplied with
fresh provisions without importing food from England. Quotes
probable prices on beef and flour. p. 331
(2) Proposals from A. Belcher for victualling the troops, with
a list of prices, Halifax, 7 September. p. 334
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 106. Reports that the suspected
incendiary has been forced to remove from the town, although there
was not sufficient evidence against him to convict him. A boy who
confessed to setting fires in the careening yard has been sent out
of the province. [This fire occurred in 1799, see Report of the Public
Archives of Nova Scotia, 1936, p. 25.] Reports the failure of the
hemp crop, and suggests that good seed be sent before spring, if the
Government wishes to encourage this industry. Advises establishment of a customs house at Pictou. Settlers from Scotland have
been placed near Pictou. Reports the increase of Roman Catholic
settlers, and that their missionary Rev. E. Burke has changed his
plans for a school. Burke has been informed that a license for such
a school can be granted only with the approbation of the Home
Government. The Bishop of Nova Scotia has been asked to obtain
the opinion of the Archbishop of Canterbury on this subject. Urges
that Michael Wallace should be appointed to the Council, since
W. Forsyth has been given leave of absence. p. 337
[Hobart] to Wentworth. [Draft.] Acknowledges despatches
Nos. 100 to 105. The Lords of the Privy Council for Trade and
Plantations have decided against the proposal to extend the Cape
Sable Establishment. Trust that the Province will continue its
support to this station. Doctor A. Croke, as next in seniority to
the President may act as administrator in the absence of the Lieutenant Governor, unless some other person shall have been appointed .
for that purpose. A. N. Danseville's pension will be continued, if
he resides in Nova Scotia and gives information as to the fisheries.
Approves of the measures taken with respect to fires. The Nova
Scotia Regiment will not be put on half pay. The question of
Roman Catholic education will be dealt with in a future despatch.
p. 321 A  134
[Hobart] to Wentworth,  No.  8.   [Draft.]   Acknowledges de-      i*>2
spatch No. 106 of 10 September which has been laid before the King. Novembers,
Information therein on the commerce and navigation of the province Downin* 8t-
has been sent to the Board of Trade and the Treasury.   Approves
Wentworth's decision on Burke's plan for educating the Roman
Catholic youth of the province.   Before confirming the lease of coal
mines he must have more information on the nature, extent, and
accessibility of coal deposits in the province. p. 347
Unsigned to Lt.-General H. Bowyer. [Draft.] Acknowledges December«,
despatch and enclosures. Transmits, at Hobart's direction, copy ofDowmngSt-
a letter to the Treasury on Bowyer's very satisfactory report on the
facilities for providing fresh food for the troops from local sources.
Transmits copy of a letter he has written to Lt.-General. W. Grinfield
expressing the wish that as far as possible the troops in the West
Indies may be supplied from Canada and Nova Scotia. [Enclosures
not at this place.] p. 335
List of vessels entered at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 July to October i,
30 September, 1802, tabulating information about each vessel, and Haufai166'
its lading. p. 351
list of vessels cleared at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 July to October i,
30 September, 1802, tabulating information about each vessel, and jj^f^ffice'
its lading. p. 352
Nova Scotia, A. 135
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 107. Transmits Acts and Journals October is,
of Legislature for the last session, and gives a short summary. Re- Halifax-
ports on the clash between W. C. Tonge and Michael Wallace, arising
when Wallace, who was the principal acting commissioner for building
the Government House, exceeded the estimate. The debate showed
that the excess expenditure could not have been avoided, and Wallace
emerged with "credit and honor". Tonge also pressed a vote of
£1100 to prevent smuggling. Defends the Council for rejecting
this vote, since it would have been expended by Tonge who is concerned in the plaster of Paris trade. Naval vessels have been sent
to the Bay of Fundy, Canso, and the Gulf of St. Lawrence, to prevent
smuggling.    [Enclosures not at this place.f p. 3
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 108. Reports on a meeting held g2jj£r *■
by the Governors of King's College, at which thanks were expressed
for the Charter which has been received, and a committee was appointed to frame statutes. Prices have not increased despite the
demand occasioned by victualling eight naval vessels from Jamaica,
the disbanding of four regiments, and the arrival of 1,200 emigrants
from Scotland. Comments on the fisheries and the crops. Praises
Lawrence Hartshorne who has been given leave of absence to go to
England on private business. A. Croke has presented his mandamus
and will be admitted to Council on 25 October. p. 20 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 135
[Unsigned] to Wentworth. [Draft.] Acknowledges despatches
Nos. 107 and 108 of 18 and 23 October. Expresses satisfaction with
the increasing prosperity of the province. The Acts are still under
consideration. Michael Wallace has been appointed to the Council.
The services of the Attorney General, R. J. Uniacke, as Speaker of
the Assembly are too important to make it advisable that he be
appointed to the Council. Transmits papers in connection with
Lt.-General E. Fanning's claim to compensation for the expropriation
of property near the entrance to Halifax harbour. Directs Wentworth. to make an estimate of the loss sustained by Fanning. This
estimate is to be sent to England without delay, as it is required by
the Treasury.    [Enclosures not at this place.] p. 25
iuary6. Hart Hall in Oxford to be erected into a college.    [Not trans
cribed.] p. 179
fail, W. W. Grenville to the Bishop of Chester.    Transmits copy of
diwood. a je^er ne nas written to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Discusses
methods of keeping up the supply of educated clergy for the churehes
in America by means of exhibitions. Proposes the creation of an
examining board.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 180
[1791] Draft of a warrant for erecting Windsor College, Nova Scotia
into a corporation.    [Not transcribed.]
Endorsed: Copy delivered to the Attorney and Solicitor General,
April, 1791. p. 178
800-1802 Extracts from letters written by R. J. Uniacke on 20 July and
16 December, 1800, and 22 April, 1802, making suggestion for the
increase of timber shipments to Great Britain. p. 169
mary9, S. Bernard [Agent] to Hobart.    Sends a memorandum on the
.ingdonst. subjects on which Hobart has consented to consult H. Addington.
The charter is the most urgent of these matters. Wentworth's
accounts are not in the form required by the Audit Office, but this
will be remedied when Wentworth receives the orders, which have
been sent. Meanwhile, Wentworth suffers because the Treasury
has suspended payment of his salary. Asks that the salary be paid,
since his accounts are before the Board. p. 31
(1) Memorandum on the objects solicited on behalf of Nova
Scotia, 9 January, 1802. Asks that the draft warrant for the King's
College charter should be referred to the Law Officers so that it can
be prepared for the King's signature, and that a grant of £1500 or
£2000 be made to the college. Suggests that direct trade between
Europe and Nova Scotia should be permitted for the importation of
wine, oranges, lemons, currants, raisins, and vegetable oils. Reminds
him of the resolution on this subject which passed the House of Commons, in 1775, but which was not carried into effect, because of the
war. Asks for a temporary restoration of the bounty on timber
imported from British North America. p. 34 A. 135
(2) Resolutions of the Assembly of Nova Scotia of 16 July, *802
1801, on the matters referred to in the memorandum above.       p. 38
(3) Resolution of a committee of the House of Commons of
29 November, 1775, on the advisability of permitting the direct
importation of wines, oranges, etc., into Nova Scotia. p. 39
Evan Nepean to John Sullivan [Under Secretary]. Transmits January 19,
copy of a letter from Vice-Admiral Sir William Parker to the Navy r ty*
Board. p. 40
(1) Parker to the Navy Board, 62 Gower St., 22 December,
1801. Reports on an extraordinary law suit instituted against some
of the officers of the America for executing their duty. Complains
that [S. S. Blowers] the Chief Justice of Nova Scotia is prejudiced
against the British Navy, and declares that he should not hold the
position of Chief Justice. p. 41
(2) Extract from a letter from the Navy Board to Evan Nepean,
14 January, 1802. Describes the capture of a schooner in Halifax
harbour, and reports that verdicts were given against the officers
who captured the schooner, although the vessel was condemned,   p. 44
Edward, Duke of Kent, to Sullivan.    Transmits extract from January __,
a letter from Sir John Wentworth, and asks whether Wentworth is SSluS?'"
to remain in Nova Scotia.    He would also like to know whether
Wentworth's public accounts have been admitted by the Board of
Auditors, since he is anxious to afford relief to Sir John, in whose
welfare he is interested. p. 46
Extract from a letter from Wentworth to the Duke of Kent,
Halifax, 2 December, 1801. Expresses anxiety at the persistent
report that he is to be supplanted in Nova Scotia by Captain J.
Bentinck. Explains that the accounts had been made up before
he learned that they must be made for annual periods. Gives
reasons for which it would be impossible to put them into such a
form at this late date. He wishes to remain in Nova Scotia, but
hopes that if he is removed, he will be sent to St. Vincent or Trinidad, p. 48
Alexander Croke  [Judge of the  Court of Vice-Admiralty at January 25.
Halifax] to Hobart.   Asks for precedence immediately after the
Commanders-in-Chief on the military and naval forces and ahead
of the Chief Justice. p. 54
William Knox to Sullivan.    Transmits copy of a letter from February 25,
George Leonard [Superintendent of Trade and Fisheries in NorthSohoSq*
America], together with supporting document, and asks for payment
of the balance of the sum voted by Parliament for this service.
Trusts that a similar appropriation will be made for the current
year.    [Enclosures not at this place.] p. 58
A. 135
March 3,
33 Green St.,
Grosvenor Sq.
Edward, Duke of Kent, to Sullivan, private. Praises Colonel
C. P. Betson [?], who served the King of France, and supports his
memorial. Asks whether prior to 1799, the patronage of the Indian
establishment in North America was vested in the military commander or the civil governor. Suggests that Lord Dorchester
might be able to supply this information. Asks whether instructions
have yet been given to the Navy Board in connection with the
Princess Amelia, purchased by him on the verbal authority of Henry
Dundas, when Dundas was Secretary of State for War. p. 60
bSSsJ. Knox to Sullivan. States that he was preparing to sue Richard
Cumberland, who has failed to pay the £200 due to George Leonard
as Superintendent of Trade and Fisheries, but that he has been
induced to apply to Sullivan for an order. Requests that Sullivan
will either issue the order or signify his refusal to issue it. p. 65
?Sohi''B inn.        Joseph White to Sullivan.    Transmits a warrant for the King's
College charter, which has been approved by the Law Officers,    p. 67
Warrant.    [The order confirming this warrant has been affixed.
It is dated 12 April, 1802.] p. 69
^Gram'st., Duke of Kent to Sullivan.    Transmits a memorial from the
Grosvenor s'q. widow of the late Collector of Customs at Halifax.    Urges her claim
to relief On grounds of compassion and the long service to the Crown
by her husband.    [Memorial not at this place.] p. 78
March 16,
33 Green St.,
Grosvenor Sq.
Duke of Kent to Sullivan. Recommends Major G. Thesiger,
lately private secretary to Wentworth; for the position of vendue
master at Halifax. p. 80
IS^Jfst Duke of Kent to Sullivan.    Recommends that Charles Morris
Grosvenor s'q. should receive confirmation of his appointment as Surveyor General
of Nova Scotia. p. 82
(Downing St.)
Unsigned to [the Duke of Kent]. [Draft.] Acknowledges his
letter of 3 March, and states that his recommendation of Betson [?]
will be considered when Betson's memorial is discussed. Lt.-Col.
Conolly's appointment 'has been referred to the Treasury, and an
answer was received on 2 March, accompanied by papers, one of
which is drawn to the Duke of Kent's attention. The letter on this
case may not have reached him yet. p. 64
William Marsden to Sullivan. Acknowledges reference to letter
of 18 March, and states that the Admiralty has not yet come to a
decision as to a successor to the late Charles Morris, Registrar of the
Court of Vice-Admiralty. p. 85
April 21,
J. H. Addington to Sullivan. Transmits accounts and vouchers
for the armed brig, Earl of Moira, and asks whether Wentworth's
biU for £448—4—%\ should be paid.    [Enclosures not at this place.]
p. 86 A. 135
R. J. Uniacke [Speaker of Assembly] to .    [Extract.]      1802
Declares than an attempt to collect the quit rents would fail, and April 22,
that the duties imposed by British Acts of Parliament have furnished Ha'ifax.
sums in excess of the amount paid by the British Government for
the civil establishment of Nova Scotia. If the accounts were to be
adjusted, the balance would be in favour of Nova Scotia. Points
out that the proceeds of the duties must be applied to the service of
the colony under the British Act 18, Geo. Ill, cap. 12. p. 166
Brook Watson & Co. to Hobart.    Asks that orders be given to May 6,
R. Cumberland, Agent for Nova Scotia, to pay the salary of theGarlick mL
ecclesiastical secretary and commissary to the Bishop of Nova Scotia
for the last half of 1801. p. 88
Scrope Bernard [Agent for the Assembly of Nova Scotia] toMayio,
Hobart.    Transmits an address from the Assembly praying that Sir Abin«don st-
John Wentworth should be continued in office as Lt.-Governor of
Nova Scotia. p. 90
Address of the Assembly of Nova Scotia of 19 March, 1802.
[Not transcribed.] p. 92
Statement signed by Scrope Bernard,  M.P.,  Joseph  Planta, {^dJ^
William Wilberforce, M.P., and John Wilmot, that the Governors
of King's College have requested them to express their thanks to
those who have contributed to the library.    Trusts that other people
will be inspired to make contributions towards this library.        p. 93
List of subscribers and of booksellers who have donated
books,    i p. 97
John Sargent to Sullivan.    Transmits letter from Wentworth July 20,
of 22 June, enclosing accounts and vouchers for £234—10—10J being Treasury-
the expenses of the armed brig Earl of Moira, and advising that he   •
had drawn a bill for this amount.    Asks whether this bill should be
paid.    [Enclosures not at this place.] p. 101
Ann Newton to Hobart. Asks support for her memorial ofWy23.
3 February, 1802, as widow of the late Henry Newton, H.M. Collector "'
of Customs at Halifax. p. 102
Appended: Note by J. K., 7 December, that this case was
recommended by the Lt.-Governor and by Sir Thomas Strange,
lately Chief Justice of Nova Scotia. p. 104
N. Vansittart to Sullivan.    Transmits letter from Wentworth August 26,
of 24 July, with respect to a bill for £1000 in part of the balance of reasury-
his account current, attested on 18 November, 1801.    Asks whether
this bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 107
"Order-in-Council  appointing Alexander  Croke,  Judge  of  the September 8,
Court of Vice-Admiralty, to the Council of Nova Scotia. p. 108 st^es?
65352—21 September 10,
A. 135
N. Vansittart to Sullivan. Transmits letter from Wentworth,
of 10 August, stating that he had drawn on the Treasury for £575
on account of expenses of the late Nova Scotia Regiment. Asks
whether this should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.]     p. 110
John Sargent to Sullivan. Transmits letter from Wentworth,
of 12 August, stating that he had drawn on the Treasury for £300,
£150, £300, £200, £200 for levy subsistence and clothing for the
Royal Nova Scotia Regiment. Asks whether these bills should be
paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. Ill
Duke of Kent to Sullivan. Transmits and recommends compliance with a petition from A. N. Danseville, a French Royalist who
governed St. Pierre and Miquelon. Danseville has resided at Halifax
since 1793. His property in France has been sequestrated. Asks
that he be given a living allowance. p. 112
(1) Memorial to Hobart, 16 June, 1802. [See above A. 134,
p. 92.]
(2) Danseville to the Duke of Kent, 16 September, 1802.
[Extract.] [In French.] States the circumstances to which he has
been reduced by discontinuance of payments to prisoners of
war. p. 116
September 21,
Pay Office.
Lord Glenbernie [Board of Trade] to
Reports on
a difference of opinion as to the need for lighthouses on Sable Island.
Trinity House is opposed to such construction. Estimates the
probable expense of construction and maintenance. Discusses
financial problem involved. Does not believe that tonnage dues
would be adequate. p. 118
Bwffdofrfib ^' Fawkener to Sullivan.    Transmits three documents relating
Whitehall.     'to the erection of lighthouses on Sable Island. p. 123
(1) Rear-Admiral John Knight to Lord Glenbernie, Woodend,
Fareham, Hants, 4 September, 1802. Favours the erection of
lighthouses on either end of Sable Island, with lifesaving appurtenances. Discusses the difficulties of constructing such lighthouses and
offers to superintend construction. p. 125
(2) Copy of an opinion by the Elder Brethern, of the Corporation
of Trinity House, undated. Expresses doubt on the possibility of
erecting lighthouses on Sable Island. p. 128
(3) Examination of Scrope Bernard before the Board of Trade
on 7 September, 1802, on the erection of lighthouses on Sable
Island. p. 133 A. 135
Bernard to Hobart.    States objections to the plan to finance      *802
Bang's College by allocating to its support the revenue from quit September 27,
rents hitherto uncollected.    People connected in Nova Scotia consider Abin«don st-
that it would be impolitic to collect those rents.    R. J. Uniacke, the
Speaker of Assembly,  has suggested that the coal mines should
be placed under the management of the Governors of King's College,
who are Crown officers, and that any surplus beyond the amount
needed for the College should be applied to the support of the clergy,
now paid by Parliament.    A grant of land should be made for the
College at some future date. p. 136
Uniacke to Bernard, 17 August, 1802.    [Extract.]
p. 138
J. Nicholl and S. Perceval [Law Officers of the Crown] to Hobart. October 6.
State that they see no objection to the person holding the office of
judge of the Court of Vice-Admiralty administering the Government
in the absence of the Lieut. Governor. This opinion has been given
without communicating with the Solicitor General, who is out of
town. wS_W'      P* 1^0
John Sargent to -
 .    Transmits letter from Wentworth October 19,
of 13 August advising of his having drawn on the Treasury for £225Treasury-
on account of the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment.    Asks whether this
bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 142
Sargent   to   Sullivan.    Returns   papers   connected   with   Lt.- November 31
General E. Farming's claim to compensation for loss sustained by the      ury*
erection of military works on his land near the entrance to Halifax
harbour.    Asks that Hobart cause an investigation to be made in
Nova Scotia, to ascertain the amount of this loss. p. 143
Sullivan to Sargent, Downing St., 11 November, 1802. Encloses
letter from W. Knox and other documents with reference to Fanning's
claim. Asks that these be laid before the Treasury, and that favourable consideration be given to them. p. 144
Sub-enclosures: .
(i) Knox to Sullivan, Soho Sq., 27 October, 1802. States the
extent of Fanning's losses as a loyalist. Since becoming Iieut.-
Governor of Prince Edward Island he has been deprived of military
half pay. As Governor he receives only the pittance of £500 annually.
His creditors have sold those parts of Ins lands which were not occupied
by the Government. Encloses a letter from Captain D. Lyman to
Fanning, and an extract of another letter, also copy of Fanning's
account and estimate. p. 146
Enclosed in sub-enclosure:
(a) Lyman to Fanning, Halifax, 3 July, 1796. States that the
Duke of Kent has advised him to wait until the damage to Fanning's
property at Point Pleasant is completed before attempting to estimate PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 135
and secure recompense. The Duke has set out for Annapolis with
Madame St. Laurent. Brymer has returned from England. Gives
war rumours. Reports that a commission has been appointed to
settle the boundary with the United States. p. 150
(b) Lyman to Fanning, 25 August, 1797. [Not transcribed.
See P.E.I.    Vol. 13, p. 335.] p. 153
(e) Extract from an inventory of the landed estate of Lt.-*
Governor Fanning in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, dated
1 January, 1792.    [Not transcribed.    See P.E.I.    Vol. 13, p. 343].
p. 154
(ii) Fanning to Knox, Prince Edward Island, 26 November,
1799.    [Not transcribed.    See P.E.I. Vol. 13, p. 323.] p. 155
(iii) Knox to Portland, Soho Sq., 19 March, 1800.
scribed.    See P.E.I. Vol. 13, p. 319.]
[Not tran-
p. 156
Enclosed in sub-enclosure:
(a) Memorial of Fanning to Portland.    [Not transcribed.    See
P.E.I. Vol. 13, 0. 327.] p. 157
(b) J. Sterns to Lyman,
p. 339.]
[Not transcribed,
(iv) Brig.-Genera! Ogilvie to Fanning, Halifax, 2 September,
See P.E.I. Vol. 13,
p. 160
1793.    [Not transcribed.   See P.E.I. Vol. 13, p. 331.]
p. 158
(v) Lyman to Fanning, Halifax, 25 August, 1797.    [Not transcribed.   See P.E.I. Vol. 13, p. 335.] p. 159
George Thesiger to -
 .    Transmits another copy of a
letter from the Duke of Portland to the Marchioness of Rockingham
on behalf of Mrs. Elizabeth and Miss Eliza Newton. Hopes that the
Duke's promise may be complied with.
Portland to the Marchioness of Rockingham, London, 1 March,
1800, promising to find means of providing relief for the unfortunate
person about whom the Marchioness had written. p. 106
Sargent to Sullivan. States that Wentworth has drawn on the
Treasury for £300 on account of expenses for levy, subsistence, and
clothing for the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment, but that no advi$ik
has been received.    Asks whether this bill should be paid.       p. 161
December 22, Order-in-Council appointing Michael Wallace to the Council for
court at Nova Scotia. p. 162
St. James s. ^
Barrack Master        Memorandum respectmg the plan of a hospital proposed to be
offi<£. s        erected at Halifax. p. 164 A. 135
Statement, unsigned, on Captain John Beckwith's desire not to      *802
be removed from Halifax to Quebec. p. 177 Undated.
list of vessels entered at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 October Jannaryl
to 31 December, 1802, tabulating information about each vessel and Naval office,
its lading.
p. 28r
List of vessels cleared at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 October January i,
to 31 December, 1802, tabulating information about each vessel and Ha£x?ffio0'
its lading. p. 29
Nova Scotia, A. 136
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 109. Acknowledges despatch of January is,
5th October, 1802. Clarifies the views which he had expressed asHabfax-
to the imposition of a light duty on ships. Estimates that the two
lighthouses could be built for £1,200. The seals caught would supply
the oil necessary for the lights. Alexander Croke has been sworn
into the Council. . A. N. .Danseville is grateful for the continuance
of his allowance, and will give attention to the fishery. Recommends
that direct trade with Europe should be allowed in order to assist the
fisheries!' The middle and poor classes suffer from the prevailing
sickness and the high cost of fuel. p. 2
[Hobart] to Wentworth.    [Draft.]   Acknowledges despatch No. March 3,
109, of 15 January, and states that the question of lighthouses forDowmng st-
Cape Sable and that of the fisheries have been referred to the Privy
Council.    The disbanded Provincial Corps will not be placed on
half pay. p. 8
Lt.-General Henry Bowyer to Sullivan.    Acknowledges despatch March 30,
of 2 December, 1802, respecting the provisioning of the troops inH lfax*
America from local sources.    States that he has received directions
from the Treasury to make contracts for this purpose.    He will also
obtain information as to the possibility of supplying the troops in
the West Indies from Nova Scotia and the Canadas. p. 9
List of vessels entered at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 January Aiwa i,
to 31 March, 1803, tabulating information about each vessel and ^H^T0ffice'
its lading. p. 11
List of vessels cleared at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 January April i,
to 31 March, 1803, tabulating information about each vessel and HaUfax°mce'
its lading. p. 12
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 110.   Acknowledges despatches up April 2,
to No. 9.    He will observe the instructions respecting quarantine Halifax-
certificates and Mediterranean passes.   Statements as to coal deposits
and as to the damage to Fanning's property will be sent.    Advocates
that the coal mines should be leased to Messrs. Hartshorne and
Forsyth. p. 13 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 136
April 3,
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 111. Reports that a vessel belonging
to the North West Company had been stopped at St. Mary's Falls
by an American Post established at Michilimackinac.—This appears
to be due to an attempt to enforce claims for revenue, but details
are not known as yet. p. 16
May 7,
Lt.-General Henry Bowyer to Hobart. T^nsmits reports
which show the inadequacy of the means of defending Nova Scotia
and the other parts of his military command. Asks that orders be
issued to improve the fortifications, and that additional troops should
be placed under his command. p. 18
(1) Return of mounted ordnance in garrison and at Halifax
harbour posts on 8 November, 1802. p. 21
(2) Report on the state of the several works of defence at Halifax
and an estimate of probable cost of putting the same in repair,
Engineer's Office, Halifax, 6 May, 1803. p. 22
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 112. Acknowledges despatch No.
10 and duplicate of No. 9. Trusts that the Board of Trade will
sanction direct importations from Europe. Four large vessels are
engaged in the whale fishery. Transmits report on the plaster of
Paris trade. Opposes plans to restrict this trade, but approves of
the proposed erection of a customs house at Passamaquoddy.    p. 32
An account of the plaster of Paris exported from Nova Scotia
during 1802. p. 37
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 113. Transmits the speech and
addresses on the opening of the session, and a report of James Morris
with respect to the Cape Sable Establishment and the need for a
lighthouse. The Legislature seems inclined to assist this establishment, but feels that the province should be relieved of part of the
expense. Reports on coal deposits and the failure of his efforts to
procure a supply of coal. The schooner Agnes was seized, but
escaped although notification of trial had been served. [Speech and
addresses not transcribed.] p. 38
James Morris to [the Commission for Sable Island], Isle Sable,
31 May, 1803. Reports on the land, livestock, and crops on the
island. Refers to the total wreck of the Stark Adder as an illustration
of the need for the erection of lighthouses. p. 50
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 114. Acknowledges circular despatch
of 17 May, 1803, enclosing Order-in-Council directing that vessels
and cargoes belonging to subjects of tbe French and Batavian republics should be detained, p. 61 A. 136
list of vessels entered at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 April to      1803
30 June,  1803, tabulating information about each vessel  and itsjuiyi
list of vessels cleared at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 April to July J
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 115.    Transmits an address to the July 23,
King from the Assembly, expressing sentiments held almost univer- Hahfax-
sally.    He states that the province would give active expression to
these [loyal] sentiments, if the need should arise. p. 65
(1) Address of the Assembly to the King, of 30 June.    [Not
transcribed.] p. 67
(2) Address of the Assembly to Wentworth of 30 June.    [Not
transcribed.] p. 68
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 116.    Reports on the disturbance jufcr 24,
created by the party led by W. C. Tonge, the Naval Officer.    William Halifai-
Campbell, the Attorney General has joined this party.    Recommends
that Tonge should be dismissed and that John Beckwith should be
appointed Naval Officer. p. 69
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 117.    Acknowledges circular of 16 July, 25,
May.   Acts to prohibit exportation of naval and military stores,   abas'
to prevent desertion, and an Alien Act have been passed, but Tonge's
party have obstructed the passage of the Appropriation Bill.    States
that he intends to prorogue the Legislature if this Bill is not passed
during the present week, as it is not essential. p. 73
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 118. Reports that the Appropriation August 6,
Bill was carried and that the session has ended. £10,000 was voted
in Assembly but the vote was not sent to the Council. The Council
rejected a vote of £2,000 as bounties to seamen. Tonge's party is
agitating for an elective Legislative Council. Reports the arrival
of 850 emigrants, at Pictou. About forty others, who were on board
a vessel bound from Hamburg to Philadelphia have agreed to settle
in Nova Scotia. p. 75
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 119.    Acknowledges despatches of August 16,
June 16 and 16 July.    The Orders-in-Council of 1 and 8 June, respect- Halifax-
ing British property under the Batavian flag, will be put into effect
with precision. p. 81
Lt.-General Henry Bowyer to Hobart.    Reports that he has sent August ie,
small detachments to Prince Edward Island and to Cape Breton toHalifax'
discourage privateers from attacking the seat of Government in these
islands. p. 83
Wentworth to John Sullivan [Under Secretary].   Acknowledges August 17,
despatch enclosing an estimate of the parliamentary grant for the281*8*'
civil and ecclesiastical government of the province. p. 85 1804
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 120. Transmits the report on damage
done to Lt.-General E. Fanning's property at Point Pleasant which
has been occupied as a military post. p. 86
Report of Andrew Belcher, Michael Wallace, Charles Morris,
and Charles Hill, Halifax, 31 August, 1803. Estimate that the
damage is not less than £500 sterling. p. 88
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 121. States that J. Butler has
presented his mandamus, and draws attention to the use of the
words "Sovereign Council", a term which has not been used in any
other mandamus. States the objections to Butler's appointment and
to the precedence to which he appears to be entitled. p. 90
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 122. Transmits the Acts passed
during the last session, and the journals of the Council and Assembly.
Comments upon the Acts, especially on the Appropriation Act, and
the opposition to it. Praises the Council and the "respectable part"
of the Assembly which is opposed to innovations in the constitution,
and draws attention to Tonge's opposition. Comments on the good
results obtained from the Cape Sable Establishment, and asks that
two life boats be provided. A new seal is needed, the one in use was
not changed at the time of union with Ireland. The crops, fisheries,
and timber trade add to the prosperity of the colony. [Journals and
Acts not at this place.] p. 94
James Morris to Michael Wallace, Isle Sable, 9 and 10 September, 1803. Reports on the state of the island, and progress of the
work. p. 109
[Hobart] to Wentworth, No. 11. [Draft.] Acknowledges despatches Nos. 110 to 122. Gives reasons for the appointment of
Butler to the Council, and explains that the words "Sovereign Council" used in the mandamus are incorrect, but that this error ought
not to prevent his admission to Council. He is to be sworn in, unless
he shall have been admitted to his seat prior to the receipt of this
despatch. Transmits copy of a letter from the Clerk of the Privy
Council refusing assent to the request that restrictions [on direct
importations] in fishing vessels trading to Europe. p. 114
(1) S. Cottrell to Sullivan, Board of Trade, Whitehall, 23 March,
1803. States that the Board of Trade has declined to approve of
Wentworth's suggestions for removing restrictions governing the
return voyages of fishing vessels. p. 151
(2) John Sargent to Sullivan, Treasury, 30 March, 1802. Transmits copy of CottrelTs letter of 23 March, 1803. p. 152 A. 136
N. Vansittart to Sullivan!    States that Wentworth has drawn January i,
on the Treasury for £124.19.3, being the amount of the allowance reasury-
to A. N. Danseville for the three quarters ending 31 December, 1802.
Asks whether this bill should be paid. p. 117
John Sargent to Sullivan.   Transmits a voucher for a bill of Januarys,
£86.9.3$ drawn on the Treasury by Wentworth, on account of medi-Tw",By*
cines for the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment, but for which no advice
has been received.    Asks whether this bill should be paid.    [Enclosure
not at this place.] p. 118
Major  G.  Thesiger to
Transmits  a  paper for February 3.
Gordon and asks that its contents be communicated to J. Sullivan.
p. 136
Reasons to show that the case of the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment is singular, and the claims that the officers have in consequence
for half pay. p. 137
Iieut.-Colonel F. Kearney [late Royal Nova Scotia Regiment], February s,
to Hobart.    Transmits a petition from the officers of the Royal Nova Souse? kS*66
Scotia Regiment, praying to be placed on half pay. * Urges the claims GtTef^n Covent
of that corps. p. 119  ™ en"
Petition, 11 August 1802.
p. 122
Scrope Bernard to Sullivan. Transmits memorandum on the February 12,
boundary between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and a return of Abin«donSt-
the officers of the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment. Reminds him that
Hobart has stated that there is no objection to the appointment of
L. Hartshorne, Michael Wallace, and other gentlemen whom Wentworth has recommended for seats in the Council. Asks that the
mandamuses should be prepared. The appointment of Wallace is
necessary, since he is Treasurer of the province. p. 139
(1) Suggestions made by Hobart for a letter to be written by
Sullivan to Governor Carleton on the question of altering the boundary
between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.    New lines suggested.
p. 141
(2) Return of the officers of the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment.
p. 126
Rupert George to Sullivan.    Transmits a description of Nova February 19,
Scotian trees.   Regrets inability to send his statement of trade, og£f°rt
produce and population in the Atlantic settlements of B.N.A.   He
gave his only copy to Lord Spencer, and it is now lost in "several tons"
of His Lordship's papers which were removed from the Admiralty.
A. 136
Description of the trees which Nova Scotia produces.       p. 144
Memorandum by S. Bernard on the need of a letter from the
Colonial Department validating drafts in favour of the Governors of
King's College, Nova Scotia when signed by a majority of these
governors, and by the Bishop's commissary. p. 150
February 26,
Abingdon St.
S. Bernard to Sullivan. Transmits a bill remitted by the Governors of King's College, Nova Scotia. Before it can be accepted the
King's Agent requires a certificate from the Colonial Department that
the Bishop's commissary was entitled to sign it in the absence of the
Bishop.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 149
Memorial of Major George Thesiger, late of the Royal Nova
Scotia Regiment. Cites his long and responsible services and the
series of disappointments he has endured in seeking to continue in
government employment. Asks that he continue to receive a major's
half pay. p. 127
(1) Duke of Kent to Portland, Halifax, 31 October, 1797.    Asks _
that Thesiger should be appointed a major in the Royal Nova Scotia
Regiment. p. 133
(2) Captain T. Dodd [Military Secretary to the Duke of Kent]
to Thesiger, Green Street, 21 March, 1802. Sends an extract from
a letter from J. Sullivan to the Duke, of 19 March, stating that
Thesiger will be nominated to the office of the vendue master at
Halifax if that office is continued. p. 135
Kdof'Trade Stephen Cottrell to Sullivan.    Acknowledges letter of 3 March
Whitehall.     ' enclosing an extract from Wentworth's despatch of 15 January with
Sable Island.    Asks, that the journal and observations of James
Morris, Superintendent of the Island, should be sent to the Board
when received at the Colonial Department. p. 154
4?Si John Sargent to Sullivan.    Transmits letter from Wentworth of
reasury.        31 March, advising of his having drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.3
being the first quarter's allowance to A. N. Danseville.    Asks whether
Hobart recommends that this bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not
at this place.] p. 155
July 27,
Castle Hill
Lodge, near
Great Ealing,
William Forsyth to Hobart. Asks for a further extension of
his leave of absence from Nova Scotia for six months from date. p. 156
Duke of Kent to Sullivan. Introduces John Butler, Deputy
Comniissary General at Halifax and member of the Council of Nova
Scotia. Hopes that no obstacle may be placed in the way of Butler's
taking his seat at the Council with precedence according to the date
of his mandamus. Asks Sullivan to see Butler who will communicate
"a wish I have formed relative to Colonel Weatherall". p. 157 A. 136 REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946
N. Vansittart to Sullivan. Transmits letter from Wentworth 1803
of 19 July advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.3 August si,
for the second quarter's allowance to Danseville. Asks whether thisTreaBBry*
bill should be paid.   [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 159
John Butler to Sullivan.    Complains of the delay in admitting October 20,
him to his seat in the Council, and asks that Wentworth should be HaUfax-
instructed to admit him and to grant him precedence in accordance
with the writ under which he was appointed. p. 160
(1) Certified copy of the mandamus appointing Butler to the
"Sovereign Council" of Nova Scotia, 1 October, 1801. p. 163
(2) Butler to Wentworth,  Halifax, 7 October,  1803, certified
■    jjuuiw     »u      uv.uvnyiuii,     ±._.a,LLLa_,     •      vyvuv/i^i,     iuw,     vci«u«iu
Complains of delay in admitting him. to the Council.       p. 164
(3) Wentworth to Butler, 13 October, 1803. States that he has
asked for instructions from the Colonial Department, with respect
to Butler's mandamus. p. 165
N. Vansittart to Sullivan.    Transmits letter from Wentworth November 17,
of 30 September advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for
£41.13.1 for the third quarter's allowance to A. N. Danseville.
Asks whether this bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.]
p. 167
S. Bernard to Sullivan. Asks that an order be sent to Nova December 28,
Scotia to enable the Government to grant lands, similar to the order mg on
already sent to New Brunswick. Six of the seven governors of
King's College think that the presidency of that college is vacant,
and the Archbishop of Canterbury intends to nominate Rev. Thomas
Cox to be president. Asks that the Secretary of State should urge
the Nova Scotia Government to provide adequately for Rev. Dr. W.
Cochran, who has acted as president of the college. p. 168
Nova Scotia, A. 137
Wentworth to Hobart, separate. States that he has given every ge^ruary *■
encouragement to J. Mimes, in accordance with Hobart's instructions.
Asks for authority to grant about 500 acres of land to Milnes, in
addition to the 5,000 acres already granted. Reports on the success
of the lumber trade in which Milnes is engaged. Agriculture is
improving, except for wheat (bread corn), which could be produced
in abundance if the King's stores were purchased in Nova Scotia.
The system of purchasing these stores from the United States exclusively drains specie from the colony, and discourages the settlers.
A. 137
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 123. States that the merchants of
the province are preparing a memorial on the commerce of Nova
Scotia, setting forth the disadvantages which they suffer due to
preference given to the produce of the United States by some islands
in the West Indies. They have heard that the United States hopes
to gain additional advantages from a commercial treaty with Great
Britain. Asks that Nova Scotia should be put on the same footing
as the West Indies with respect to her trade with the United States.
p. 5
April 1,
Naval Office,
List of vessels entered at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 January to
31 March, 1804, tabulating information on each vessel and its lading.
p. 8
April 1,
Naval Office,
List of vessels cleared at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 January to
31 March, 1804, tabulating information on each vessel and its lading.
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 124. States that the merchants
have sent their memorial to the Provincial Agent, Scrope Bernard, to
be presented to Lord Hobart. Reports on the trade in fish, lumber,
plaster of Paris, and grindstones, and of the difficulties from which
that trade suffers, particularly from the capture of vessels and the
drain of specie to the United States. Reports the arrival of H.M.
store ship Camel with General Brunet and other prisoners of war
who were taken at San Domingo. Transmits an exchange.of letters
showing Brunet has been allowed to reside ashore while the Camel is
loading a cargo of masts. p. 9
(1) General Brunet [French army] to Wentworth, the Camel, 24
March,  1804.    [In French.]    Asks to be allowed to come ashore.
p. 13
(2) Wentworth to Brunet, Halifax, 25 March, 1804.    Gives his
consent.    Arrangements will be made by Captain Murray,  R.N.
p. 14
______ Wentworth to Hobart, No. 125.    Asks that the Lt.-Governor
should be given increased discretionary powers under the American
Intercourse Act, so as to enable him to obtain necessities such as
molasses. Transmits a report on the Sable Island Establishment.
Gives information as to steps taken to organize the militia and to
prepare them to assist the regular forces if the province should be
invaded. The Micmacs are making warlike preparations, which were
instigated from Canada. Steps will be taken to prevent danger, if
they continue such preparations. Suggests that an allowance, not
exceeding £500 a year, should be given to these people who have been
reduced to poverty by the growth of settlement which has destroyed
their hunting grounds. p. 15
James Morris to Wentworth, Isle Sable, 16 April, 1804.
on the wreck of the Harriot.   Two vessels have been built.
p. 21 A. 137
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 126.    Acknowledges despatch No.      1804
11, of 7 April, with the decision of the Lords of Trade and Plantations May ie,
not to remove the restrictions on cargoes carried on the return voyages Haitfax-
of fishing vessels.    J. Butler will be admitted to the Council on 19
May.    The  Indians  are still  making  preparations.    A  ship  has
arrived from Newcastle after having been saved from shipwreck on
Sable Island by the men of the establishment who went out in their
boat to warn them of danger. p. 26
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 127. States that J. Butler was May 28,
admitted to Council on 20 May. As a result, L. Hartshorne has^111***-
resigned, and people of respectability have lost much of their eagerness
to be appointed. Transmits copy of a letter from Havana and states
that precautions will be taken to guard against invasion. Sends
documents relating to illegal seizure of an American vessel, WiUiam
Wright, for which he has made restitution. The Indians appear to
have given up their plans to visit Canada in a body, while those of
New Brunswick have not made preparations for a long journey.
p. 28
(1) Lawrence Hartshorne to Wentworth, Halifax, 21 May, 1804.
Resigns his seat in the Council. He feels degraded by the appointment to the Council of John Butler. p. 31
(2) List of gentlemen recommended for seats in the Council of
Nova Scotia, 28 May, 1804. The names are Richard John Uniacke,
Charles Hill, John Beckwith, Edward Brabazon Brenton, George
Henry Monk, and Charles Morris. p. 34
(3) C.W.M. to "Messrs. G-R & Co./' Havana, 8 April, 1804.
Reports that a French expedition is preparing at this port. Believes
it may be aimed at Canada or Nova Scotia. p. 35
(4) P. Bond [British Consul] to Wentworth, Philadelphia, 28
February, 1804. Asks Wentworth to make examination of the
claim that the American schooner WiUiam Wright was plundered on
the high seas by the privateer brigantine Rover of the port of Liverpool,
Nova Scotia. . p. 36
(5) Wentworth to [P*. Bond], Halifax, 6 April. Acknowledges
letter of 28 February. States that he had directed the Attorney
General to investigate the alleged misconduct of Benjamin Collins,
Master of the Rover. Encloses Uniacke's report showing the steps
taken to secure just reparation. The agent of the insurers has
expressed satisfaction at the steps taken. Collin's commission has
been annulled.    [Sub-enclosure not at this place.] p. 38
(6) James S. Cox, President of the Insurance Co. of Pennsylvania,
to Phineas Bond, 25 April, 1804. Thanks him for aid in securing
restitution of property taken from the WiUiam Wright. Encloses
resolution of thanks. p. 40
Resolution of thanks to Phineas Bond, H.M. Consul General, by
the directors of the Insurance Company of the State of Pennsylvania,
25 April, 1804. p. 41 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 137
(7) P. Bond to James Cox, Philadelphia, 26 April, 1804, acknowledging letter of 25 April. p. 42
(8) P. Bond to Wentworth, 7 May, 1804. Acknowledges letter
of 6 April. Encloses copies of the correspondence with the Insurance
Company of Pennsylvania. Thanks Wentworth for his zeal in
securing prompt reparations. p. 44
Wentworth to Hobart, No. 128. Transmits the speech and
addresses with which the session of the Legislature was opened.
Expresses a hope that the session will not be long, since the members
would be needed in their constituencies if an invasion should occur.
Reports on militia preparations. An armed brig will be needed if the -
war should continue. He recommends Hibbert Binney for a seat in
the Council. p. 46
(1) Speech on opening the session, Halifax, 21 June, 1804.    p. 52
(2) Council's reply to the speech, 23 June. p. 53
(3) Assembly's reply to the speech, 22 June.
p. 55
Naval Office,
Naval Office,
List of vessels cleared at the Naval Office, Halifax, 1 April to
30 June, 1804, tabulating information on each vessel and its
lading. p. 91
List of vessels entered at the Naval Office, Halifax,  1 April
to 30 June, 1804, tabulating information on each vessel and its
lading. p. 92
Wentworth to Earl Camden [Secretary of State for War and the
Colonies], No. 129. Acknowledges letter announcing Camden's
appointment to succeed Lord Hobart at the Colonial Department.
Transmits copy of his speech on opening the session and the answers
of both Houses. Reports on the conflict between the Council and
the Assembly over the Appropriation Bill, which induced him to
prorogue the Assembly. The organization of the militia is progressing, p. 59
(1 to 3) Not transcribed.    [See Wentworth to Hobart, No. 128
above.] p. 63
(4) Extract from proceedings of the Legislature, 26 July, 1804.
[Not transcribed.] p. 66
(5) Wentworth's speech to the Legislature, 27 July, 1804.    [Not
transcribed.] p. 67
(6) Militia General Orders of 30 July, 1804, signed by J. Beck-
with, Adjutant General of Militia. p. 68 A. 137
[Camden] to Wentworth, No.  1.    [Draft.]   Acknowledges de-      1804
spatches Nos. 123 to 128.    Trusts that the province will take suitable August 2,
measures to render the militia effective.    The need for a supply ofDowningSt'
arms and for a provincial armed brig will be considered by H.M.
Ministers.    Has no reason to believe that the French will attack
the province this season. p. 57
Wentworth to E. Cooke [Under Secretary].   Acknowledges letter August 23,
of 29 June with the Parliamentary estimates for the civil establishment B^iiiax-
of Nova Scotia for this year. p. 71
[Camden] to Wentworth, No. 2.    [Draft.]    Transmits an Order-September 6,
in-Council of 8 May, 1804, confirming a Nova Scotia Act of 1802   owmng
"to enable the Trustees of the Government South Farm to reinvest
in the Crown a part of the said Farm wanted for Military purposes,"
and enumerating nineteen other Acts that do not appear liable to
any objection.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 72
[Camden] to Wentworth, No. 3. [Draft.] Acknowledges de-g**?*^
spatch No. 129 of 31 July. In regard to representations by merchants owmng
in Halifax alluded to in despatches Nos. 123 and 124, the Board of
Trade has directed that Governors in the British West Indies be
instructed to limit to cases of real necessity the admission of articles
from the United States not admissible by statute, and in case of
admission to allow like entry of goods from British North America.
p. 70
Wentworth  to  Camden.    Acknowledges  letter  of 3  August. November 15,
Has communicated with A. Merry, H.M. Minister at Washington,
with respect to rumours as to associations for collecting and concealing arms and to incite insurrection.    Praises the militia, but they
need arms. p. 77
Wentworth to Camden, l^o. 131. Acknowledges despatch No. 2 November ie,
of 6 September, with the Order-in-Council confirming the Act to **'
re-invest the Crown with part of the Government south farm.
Transmits the journals of the Legislature and copies of the Acts
passed during the last session. The term of the Revenue Bill has
been extended to nearly eighteen months instead of for only one
year. Importers have been given some relief. The decision to
victual the troops hi Nova Scotia will increase the circulation of
money, encourage agriculture, compensate for the disadvantageous
position in which Nova Scotia has been placed in the West Indies
trade, and will advance the British principle governing colonial trade.
States the advantages that would accrue to the colony if the British
Government would sanction the suggested contract for development
of the coal mines. Transmits certain clauses from the Appropriation
Bill which led to conflict between the Council and the Assembly,
and which resulted in the loss of the Bill. The Treasurer has been
threatened with prosecution if he should pay warrants for votes
which had passed in both Houses prior to prorogation/ Draws
attention to a resolution of Assembly with respect to grants of lands
and escheats, and says that this was passed to gain control over
("defeat the King's interest in") the quit rents. Reports on the
Sable Island Establishment, the fisheries, export trade, and ship
building. p. 80 26
A. 137
Clauses 4 to 8 of the Appropriation Bill. [Other enclosures not
at this place.] p. 87
Wentworth to Camden, No. 132. Acknowledges duplicate
circular despatch on 2 August on the deterioration in the post office
revenue occasioned by the wrong construction on some orders. Steps
have already been taken to rectify this. p. 93
Wentworth to E. Cooke. Acknowledges letter of 2 August
notifying him that George Henry Monk's mandamus as assistant
judge had been signed.    Both he and Monk are grateful. p. 94
[Charles Inglis, Bishop of] Nova Scotia, to Hobart. Transmits
"Letter of Instruction" lately published by Rev. Edmund Burke,
Vicar General of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec, which
virtually denies the royal supremacy. Sends a printed copy of his
own "Charge" to the clergy of Nova Scotia. Burke was shown this
while his own publication was still in press, and added a violent
postscript to the "Letter of Instruction." Sees in the extension of
the activity of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec beyond his
diocese of Upper and Lower Canada an attempt to unite, politically,
all the Roman Catholics in B.N.A. p. 93
A charge delivered to the Clergy of The Diocese of Nova Scotia
at the Triennial Visitation holden in the Months of June and August,
1803, by the Right Reverend Charles Inglis, D.D., Bishop of Nova
Scotia. The second Edition. To which is subjoined an Appendix,
containing some Papers relating to the Reverend Mr. Burke's late
publication. (Halifax: printed by John Howe, printer to the King's
Most Excellent Majesty, 1804). Appendices contain replies by
Wentworth and R. J. Uniacke to Burke on receipt of his publication.
["Letter of Instruction" not at this place.] p. 100
Sargent to SulliVan. Transmits Wentworth's letter of 23
January, 1804, advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for
£41.13.1 for Danseville's allowance for the last quarter of 1803.
Asks whether this bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.]
p. 151
H. N. Binney to Sullivan. Urges the long services of his father,
Jonathan, and of his father-in-law, John Creighton, as reason for his
being admitted to the Council of Nova Scotia. p. 152
April 17,
Edward, Duke of Kent, to Sullivan. Transmits two petitions.
Suggests that Mrs. Newton and daughter might be given, a small
pension by the Government of Nova Scotia, and the Misses Clark
could be granted land in the Canadas. p. 154 A. 137
Enclosed: 1804
Memorial of Mary and Sarah Margaret Clarke, daughters of the
late Major John Clarke, formerly captain in the 59th Regt., 14
Kingsmead Terrace, Bath, ,12 April, 1804, with the facts authenticated
by Baron Clarina, Colonel of the Enniskillen Infantry. [Second
enclosure not at this place.] p. 156
Charles* Mary Wentworth to [Hobart].    Resigns his seat in the April w.
Council owing to his having been superseded in rank by the ante- HaWai^0"86'
dating of the mandamus to John Butler. p. 159
Alexander Croke, Judge of Vice-Admiralty, to Hobart. Asks May 2,
that he be given the use of the Governor's present residence whenHalifax'
the latter occupies the new Government House. p. 161
Sargent to Sullivan.    Transmits letter from Wentworth of 7 May 4,
January advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for £112.17.7^Treasury'
on account of the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment.    Asks whether this
bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 163
Duke of Kent to
Asks whether Wentworth has May i
been instructed to admit Butler to the Council, and by what convey- p^cTf*011
ance any such instructions were sent.    He has received a letter from
Butler, who had not been admitted. p. 164
Sargent to Sullivan.    Transmits letter from Wentworth of 10Mayi4,
April advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1 f0rTreasury-
the first quarter's allowance to A. N. Danseville.    Asks whether this
bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 166
S. Bernard [Agent] to Earl Camden [Secretary of State for War May ie,
and the Colonies].    Transmits a petition on the trade with the WestAbingdonSt'
Indies. p. 167
(1) Petition of the merchants and other inhabitants of Nova
Scotia, Halifax, 23 March, 1804. Complain of the greater facilities
granted to the United States in exporting fish to the British West
Indies, and fear a further extension of these preferences. Ask that
British colonists should be given a monopoly of the trade in fish
caught on the coast of British North America and exported to the
West Indies. p. 168
(2) Memorial and statement of the case referred to in the annexed
petition. Examines the ability of B.N.A. to supply the British
West Indies with fish, lumber, agricultural produce, and coal.    p. 170
S. Thornton to Camden.    Transmits letter at the request of the May 21,
Mayor of Hull. p. 178 st"James s Sq*
James Milnes to [Camden], Hull, 25 April, 1804, foxwarding
despatches from Wentworth. Has to return to Nova Scotia immediately. Prays that his grant of occupancy for 5,000 acres in Nova
Scotia may be converted into fee simple. Stresses the need of developing timber resources in the colonies. P- 179 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 137
John Butler to Sullivan. States that he was admitted to the
Council on 19 May, but with the "visible reluctance" of the Governor.
Regrets that Wentworth's son and L. Hartshorne have in consequence
resigned. Hartshorne may change his mind since his resignation has
not been accepted as yet. p. 180
S. Bernard [Agent] to E. Cooke [Under Secretary]. Acknowledges note acknowledging receipt of petition from the merchants of
Halifax. There are persons in town who could give further information with respect to it. Sir Brook Watson and Thomas Carleton
are conversant with trade situation.    Early consideration is desirable.
p. 181
William Marsden to E. Cooke. Acknowledges two letters of 20
June transmitting extracts from letters from Wentworth.        p. 182
W. Sturges Bourne to Cooke. Transmits letter from Wentworth
of 23 June advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for £340 in
three bills for part of the balance of his accounts. Asks whether these
bills should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 183
W. Huskisson to E. Cooke. Transmits Wentworth's letter of 30
June advising that he has.drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1 for
the second quarter's allowance for 1804 to A. N. Danseville. Asks
whether this bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.]
p. 184
Richard John Uniacke [Speaker of Assembly] to S. Bernard
[Agent]. Reports that their correspondence was laid before the
Assembly, and that he has been instructed to impress Bernard with
the necessity of inducing the British Government to interest itself in
the trade of Nova Scotia which is endangered by competition from the
United States. This competition threatens the West India trade.
Regrets that Bernard has failed to secure British intervention,    p. 185
W. Huskisson to E. Cooke. Transmits Wentworth's letter of 30
September advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1
for the third quarter's allowance of 1804 to A. N. Danseville. Asks
whether this bill should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.]
p. 193
George Leonard [Superintendent of Trade and Fisheries] to
E. Cooke. Transmits the report of his son, Charles Edward, acting
as his deputy on the cutter Union. Asks that his son be granted a
commission as a preventive officer in the customs service, to run
between Cape Sable and the Maine border. Asks for a larger vessel
that can remain at sea in the winter. At present, part of the expense
of his establishment has to be met out of his own salary. p. 194
(1) Report of Charles Edward Leonard, Saint John, 30 November
on his inspection along the coasts from Gaspe to the boundary of
Maine. p. 197 A. 137
(2) Certificate of G. G. Ludlow, adniinistering the government of      1804
New Brunswick, Saint John, 24 December, 1803, that the cutter Union
was used on the coasts of the Maritime Provinces from 24 June to 24
December, 1803, in the prevention of illicit trade, under the direction
of George Leonard, Superintendent of Trade and Fisheries.     p. 200
Abstract of papers relative to the application of the merchants of [Undated.]
Halifax on their trade with the West Indies. These are: a letter from
WiUiam Sabatier and four others, 25 February, 1804, on a meeting of
the day before; letter from Wentworth of 28 February, enclosing the
above and adding a suggestion that Nova Scotia should benefit from
the advantages enjoyed by the West Indies; petition of W. Sabatier
and others, 23 March, asking for the exclusive privilege on the part
of the British colonies of supplying the British West Indies with fish;
memorial annexed to the petition giving information in support of the
above petition. p. 187
Nova Scotia, A. 138
Wentworth to Camden, No. 133. Describes, in obedience to March 21,
instructions, the present membership of his Council and those whose Halifax-
names he has recommended for future appointments. At present
there are two vacancies caused by the resignations of C. M. Wentworth and L. Hartshorne. Those recommended for appointment are
R. J. Uniacke, E. B. Brenton, Charles Hill, George H. Monk, Charles
Morris, John Beckwith, and H. N. Binney. p. 2
Wentworth to E.  Cooke.    Acknowledges circular letter of 2 March 21,
August, 1804, enclosing the speech from the Throne on proroguing Halifax-
Parliament, 31 July, 1804. p. 5
Wentworth   to   Camden,   No.    134.    Acknowledges   circular March 22,
despatch of 23 November,  1804, with enclosures.    Transmits, inHalifax-
obedience to instructions, an account of rates of exchange and current
prices.    Tike accounts will be sent monthly as directed. p. 6
Account of rates of exchange and current commodity prices.
Warns that if a supply of specie does not very soon arrive exchange
must fall. p. 7
Wentworth   to   Camden,   No.   135.   Acknowledges   circular March 22,
despatch of 27 December, 1804, enclosing copy of an Order-in-CouncilHalifax-
for the detention of Spanish vessels. p. 9
Wentworth to Camden, No. 136.   Acknowledges despatch No. 3 March 22,
describing the measures adopted to meet the representations of the Halifax-
Halifax merchants in connection with the West Indian trade and the
fisheries.    The merchants are grateful.    Suggest establishment of
convoy system between Halifax and the West Indies to operate four
times a year. p. 10 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 138
[Camden] to Wentworth, No. 4. [Draft.] Lists thirteen Acts
passed by the Nova Scotia Legislature in July, 1803, which do not
seem liable to any objection. p. 12
[Camden] to Wentworth, No. 5. [Draft.] Acknowledges despatches Nos. 129 to 136, inclusive, which have been laid before the
King. Discounts Wentworth's report that disturbances in British
provinces are planned from the American States. Attention of the
Treasury will be called to Wentworth's suggestion that the troops
in Nova Scotia be provisioned with flour manufactured locally from
wheat grown in Canada. Asks further information on which to base
an opinion as to the expediency of granting leases for coal mines.
More information is also required on the granting of lands and on
quit rents. Vacancies in the Council will shortly be filled. Wentworth's suggestion for convoys has been referred to the Admiralty.
p. 18
Wentworth to Camden, No. 139. Acknowledges circular
despatch of 11 January, 1805, conveying H.M. commands in consequence of the actual declaration of war against Great Britain by
the Court of Spain. Reports a rumour that the French fleet intends
to attack Newfoundland or Halifax. The squadron is at Halifax,
and 1,000 militia men are trained. p. 19
Wentworth to E. Cooke [Under Secretary]. Acknowledges letter
of 20 March, enclosing an estimate of the Parliamentary grant for
the civil establishment of the province for this year. p. 21
Wentworth to Camden, No. 140. Acknowledges despatches of
2 May. Summarizes the differences between the Council and the
Assembly with respect to the Appropriation Bill, and asks for instructions to govern his conduct when the Assembly meets in November.
Reports on rumours as to the strength of the French and Spanish
forces at Martinique. p. 22
[Camden] to Wentworth, No. 6. [Draft.] States that H.M.
has approved of E. B. Brenton and C. Hill for seats in the Council.
Should R. J. Uniacke, Speaker of the Assembly, be appointed later,
he will take precedence next to A. Belcher. Transmits letter from
the Admiralty on Wentworth's suggestion for convoys between
Halifax and the West Indies. p. 25
W. Marsden to Cooke, Admiralty Office, 9 May, 1805.
that the Commander-in-Chief at Halifax has been directed to furnish
convoys for the West India trade. p. 151
Wentworth to Camden, No. 141. Transmits report of the Chief
Justice on the murder of a French prisoner of war by a fellow prisoner.
Will delay execution pending instructions. p. 27
Report of the case of Pierre Poulin tried for the murder of Jean
Marie Quirie, before S. S. Blowers, James Brenton, and George H.
Monk, 21 July, 1805. p. 28 A. 138
Wentworth to Camden.    Transmits extract from a New York      1805
newspaper.   [Enclosure not at this place, but see item under July 28, juiy as,
below.] p. 33 Halifax-
Wentworth to [Camden], No. 142.   Asks that a new seal be July 23",
sent for Nova Scotia.    The one is use was not changed at the time of HaIifax*
union with Ireland, and is badly worn.    Reports on two wrecks
which took place off Sable Island.    Seven others were saved from a
similar fate by signals from the  Island.    Urges the claim of this
establishment to a moderate grant from the British Government, p. 37
Wentworth to Camden, No. 143. Transmits on account of the July 24,
rates of exchange and current commodity prices. A similar accountHalifax-
sent to the Treasury. p. 42
An account of current exchange and prices.
p. 43
Wentworth to Camden.    Reports the arrival of H.M.S. Leander. July 28,
She had received several reports from American vessels which had333151"'
seen the French fleet sailing toward Europe.    Transmits extract from
a Boston newspaper. p. 34
(1) Extract from a New York newspaper of 12 July, giving
Captain Stelwagen's account of meeting the French fleet. p. 35
(2) Extract from a Boston newspaper of 23 July, reporting the
sighting of the combined fleet. p. 36
Wentworth to Camden, No. 144. Acknowledges despatch No. 6 August 17,
of 3 July, giving direction for the admission of C. Hill and E. B.Halifax-
Brenton to seats in Council. With respect to the decisions as to the
precedence to be given to R. J. Uniacke, should he be appointed to
Council, requests that Uniacke should not be given precedence over
Michael Wallace, who ranks after Andrew Belcher. Orders given
for convoys are appreciated. Reports will be sent to the Board of
Health. The use of vaccination had lessened danger from small pox,
the only infectious disease prevailing in Nova Scotia. p. 45
[Earl of Castlereagh, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies] September 5,
to Wentworth, No. 1. [Draft.] Acknowledges despatch of 21 July.Dowmng st'
The case of Pierre Poulin has been referred to the Law Officers who
find no legal objection to the conviction. As no mitigating circumstances have been stated, Royal clemency will not be extended.
Wentworth is to use his own discretion as to whether the sentence
should be carried out or remitted. p. 32
Wentworth to Lord Hawkesbury.   Acknowledges letter of 6 September ie,
August enclosing copy of a letter from W. Huskisson, also one fromHalifax-
the Treasury to the King's Proctor, respecting the commission to be
charged by agents appointed to take charge of Spanish ships detained
prior to 11 January, 1805.   As no Spanish ships have been detained,
no agents have been appointed. p. 48 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 138
Wentworth to E. Cooke. Acknowledges circular letter of 15
July enclosing the speech with which the Lord's Commissioners
prorogued Parliament on 12 July. p. 49
_ rie, Wentworth  to   E.   Cooke   [Under  Secretary].   Acknowledges
letter of 7 August enclosing copy of a circular sent by Castlereagh to
H.M. Governors abroad on 10 July on his assumption of the office of
Secretary of State. p. 50
Wentworth to Castlereagh. Sends despatches by his only son
whose residence in the United States and Nova Scotia may enable
him to supply useful information. p. 51
Wentworth to Castlereagh. Transmits an account of current
exchange and prices. p. 52
Account of current exchange and prices.
p. 53
Wentworth to E. Cooke. Acknowledges letter announcing the
death of the Duke of Gloucester. p. 55
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 146. Reports that the Assembly
convened on the 28th November, and that W. C. Tonge was elected
Speaker. Comments on the session. The Revenue and Appropriation Bills have passed. Draws attention to the bounties voted for
agriculture and the fisheries, the road grants, public buildings, and to
encourage men to enlist on H.M.S. Halifax, now being built at the
careening yard. Refers to the alarm caused by detention of fishermen
who were suspected of being naval deserters, and by a press gang.
Stories that the impressing of seamen have caused people to leave the
colony are exaggerated. He thinks that it will be advisable to dissolve the present Assembly since the members take advantage of the
pay of 10 shillings a day. They drag out the proceedings, and they
devote themselves to popular causes, in hope of securing re-election.
He will suspend Tonge, the Naval Officer, if he continues to disturb
the colony.    The harvest has been good. p. 56
(1) Wentworth's speech on opening the Nova Scotia Legislature.
p. 64
(2) Reply to the address by the Council, 2 December, 1805.
p. 66
(3) Reply of "the House of Representatives in General Assembly"
7 December, signed by W. Cottnam Tonge, Speaker. p. 68
(4) Wentworth's prorogation speech of 18 January, 1806,
deploring the loss of provincial revenue caused by the Legislature's
dilatory tactics, which serve to the detriment of the many in favour
of the few. p. 71 Ai 138
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 147. Acknowledges despatch of 1806
6 November, 1805, giving information on the victory of H.M. fleet Februarys,
near Cadiz on 21 October.   Regrets the death of Viscount Nelson. Halifax.
p. 72
Wentworth  to   Castlereagh,   No.   148.   Recalls  his  previous February u,
despatch of 1803, enclosing a proposed lease of coal mines in Nova3*1"**'
Scotia to WiUiam Forsyth, Lawrence Hartshorne and William Smith.
Renews his suggestions for such lease.    Regrets to report that Lt.-
General W. Gardiner is dying. p. 74
(1) Wentworth to Hobart,-2 April, 1803.    [Extract.] p. 75
(2) Wentworth to Hobart, 17 June, 1803.    [Extract.]       p. 77
Wentworth to William Windham [Secretary of State for War and April is,
the Colonies], No. 149. Acknowledges circular despatch notifying HaIifcu*
him of Windham's assumption of office. p. 83
Wentworth to E. Cooke. Acknowledges letter of 11 November, April ie,
1805, enclosing eopies of an Extraordinary Gazette notifying him of the Haiiiax-
victory of H.M. Navy under Sir Richard Strachan. p. 84
Wentworth to E. Cooke.   Acknowledges letter of 28 January April ie,
enclosing printed copies of the speech with which the Lords Commis- h*1*11-
sioners opened Parliament on 21 January, and the replies of both
Houses thereto. p. 85
Wentworth to Windham, No. 150.    Transmits a schedule of the Apra 17,
export trade in fish and fish oil.    Reports on the export of agricultural:Eahiax-
produce and livestock.    At least 1,500 horses are ready for export to
the West Indies, but vessels cannot be had at present.   Large quantities of lumber and masts have been procured for export to the British
and West ladies. p. 86
An account of the quantity of fish and fish oil exported from the
districts of Halifax and Shelburne to the West Indies and the United
States, in 1805. p. 88
[Windham] to Wentworth, No. 1. [Draft.]   Transmits copy of a May 8,
letter by C. W. Wynn to Sir George Shee relative to the expulsion of Do™^st-
W. Sampson from the United Kingdom.    As Sampson proceeds by
the packet to New York, care must be taken that he does not land at
Halifax. p. 90
C. W. Williams Wynn to Sir George Shee [Under Secretary],
Whitehall, 24 April, 1806. Reports that WiUiam Sampson, banished
from Ireland for his part in the rebellion of 1798 wiU proceed to New
York by the American packet. Wentworth should be instructed to
take care that Sampson does not leave the ship at Halifax.       p. 287
A. 138
May 8,
Downing St.
July 11
[Windham] to Wentworth, No. 2 [Draft.] Lists eleven Acts
passed by the Nova Scotia Legislature in July, 1804, to which no
objections appear. p. 91
[Windham] to Wentworth, No. 3. [Draft.] Acknowledges nine
despatches of dates between 23 July, 1805 and 14 February, 1806.
Regrets Tonge's embarrassing tactics. If it is judged best to suspend
him from office under the Crown the case should be referred to H.M.
Government for consideration. The rights which have been reserved
over the coal mines cannot be transferred to individuals without very
deliberate consideration. p. 81
Wentworth to Windham, No. 151. Acknowledges letter of 2
April. The merchants are grateful for the bounties granted to their
trade and fisheries. Gives reasons for which he has permitted the
importation of salt from the United States. Reports on export trade,
and on agriculture.    Complains of the conduct of W. C. Tonge.    p. 95
Wentworth to Windham, No. 152. Acknowledges circular
despatch of 24 March enclosing copy of the Extraordinary Gazette
giving an account of the victory of H.M. Navy under Sir. J. T.
Duckworth. p. 98
[Windham] to Wentworth, No. 4. [Draft.] Acknowledges
despatches Nos. 149 and 150 of 16 and 17 AprU, respectively. Both
have been laid before the King and the latter also before the Board
of Trade. p. 89
Wentworth to Windham, No. 153. Reports that he has dissolved
the Assembly, and issued writs of election. Hopes that the business
of the House wUl be dealt with in a more satisfactory manner, even
if the same members are returned. Reports that vessels have saUed
for Jamaica and the West Indies. Salt is needed for the fisheries.
The increased number of American fishing vessels resorting to Nova
Scotia, leads him to stress the need for providing a larger vessel for
G. Leonard, the Superintendent of Fisheries. Suggests that a
schooner be obtained at Halifax, and that the cutter Union should
be sold. p. 99
Wentworth to Windham, No. 154. Reports, in reference to
Windham's despatch of 18 April, there is no infectious disease in
Nova Scotia at present. p. 102
Wentworth to Windham, No. 155. Acknowledges Windham's
despatches Nos. 1 and 2. Suggests that commanders of packets be
instructed to aUow no passengers to disembark at Halifax until their
names have been submitted to and approved by the Governor.
Gives the names of certain Royalists whom he has permitted to
embark on the Lord Hobart. p. 103
Wentworth to Windham, No. 156. Acknowledges despatches of
■ 6 April, 4 May, 20 May, and 2 June, conveying commands in reference
to enemy shipping. p. 105
Wentworth to Windham, No. 157. Acknowledges despatch with
new regulations and new forms which are to be used in certifying
the affidavits of officers on half pay. p. 107 A. 138
Wentworth to Windham, No. 158.    Transmits, in reference to      1806
Windham's despatch of 19 May, a report by the Registrar of thejuiyie,
Court of Vice-Admiralty. p. 108 Halifax-
Report of 14 July by the Registrar of Vice-Admiralty that no
Spanish property taken before the commencement of hostUities has
come into the custody of the Court. p. 109
Wentworth to Windham, No. 159. Reports on the favourable July ie,
fishery and the bad crop prospects for the season. Purposes toHalifax'
dissolve the Assembly. p. 110
Wentworth to Windham, No. 160.    Describes the steps taken August 30,
to meet the expected attack from the French fleet en route fromHalifax-
the West Indies to Europe.    Reports on the state of the militia
and asks that a depot of arms should be established. p. 115
[Windham]   to   Wentworth,   No.   5.    [Draft.]   Acknowledges November 6,
despatches Nos. 151 to 159.    Authorizes the purchase of a vesselDowmng st-
not to exceed ninety tons for use of the Superintendent of Fisheries.
Vessel to be approved by the officers of the Naval Yard.    The
Treasury wiU decide as to how increased expenditure is to be met,
and will establish regulations for control over such expenditure, p. 112
Wentworth to Windham, No. 161. Transmits Journals of the November i«,
Legislature and the Acts of last session. Lists the Acts and describes Halifax'
the nature and purpose of each. Praises the conduct of the Legislative CouncU. Complains of the conduct of W. C. Tonge, as
Speaker of Assembly, particularly in delaying the Revenue BiU.
The enquiry into the pubhc accounts has shown that Michael WaUace,
the Treasurer, has performed his duty with honesty and integrity.
People of repubUcan views always attempt to control the Treasury.
[Enclosure not at this place.] p. 118
MISCELLANEOUS, 1805-1806 1805
J. M. Leake and J. Erskine[ Comptrollers of Army Accounts] to January 17,
the Treasury. State, with reference to a correspondence on the§^PtaoUer's
provisioning of troops in Nova Scotia, that at present aU that need
be done is to provide, if the Treasury thinks fit, a six months' supply
of pork, as recommended in Commissary George Brinley's letter of
15 November. The contract for fresh beef is Uable to no objection, p. 131
WiUiam Sabatier, William Smith, WiUiam Lyon, George Grassie, January 30,
and James Fraser, to Camden.    Comment at length on a printed Halifax-
letter by G. W. Jordan, Colonial Agent for Barbadoes, criticizing their
petition and memorial to Camden's predecessor, Hobart, in which an
exclusive right to supply the British West Indies with fish was asked
for on behalf of B.N.A. p. 134
W. Sturges Bourne to E. Cooke [Under Secretary].    Transmits March 6,
letter from Wentworth of 31 December, 1804, advising that he hasTreasury-
drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1, for one quarter's aUowance
to A. N. DanseviUe.   Asks whether this biU should be paid.   [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 141
A. 138
Margaret Godfrey Jades to Camden. Asks aid in securing compensation for lands granted to her late husband but subsequently
re-granted by mistake. p. 142
Richard Cumberland [King's Agent for Nova Scotia] to Cooke.
Reports, in obedience to Treasury command, that there is, as of 31
December, 1801, a balance in his Nova Scotia account of £2354.11.7J.
When the accounts of the succeeding years shall have been delivered
in, and outstanding vouchers shall have come to hand, this balance
will be reduced. p. 144
S. Bernard to Camden. Transmits letter from a committee of
Halifax merchants suggesting the proprietary of Parliament granting
a bounty to the fisheries simUar to those granted on other occasions.
p.   145
WUliam Sabatier and Messrs. Smith, Fraser, Grassie and Lyon,
to Camden, Halifax, 20 February, 1805. Refer to previous letter of
21 January and to their wish to obtain a monopoly of the West
Indies fish market. They intend to apply to the Legislature for
assistance, and ask that Parliament should grant bounties similar
to those given to Newfoundland and to Scotland. p. 146
Scrope Bernard [Agent] to Adam Gordon. Suggests that R. J.
Uniacke and E. B. Brenton should be appointed to the CouncU.
These are the two names standing first upon the list. If Uniacke
should prefer to remain as Speaker of Assembly and should decline
to serve in the CouncU, his warrant could be canceUed. Uniacke's
son is in London, and could be consulted as to his father's wishes.
p. 149
May 20,
Abingdon St.
S. Bernard to [Gordon]. Regrets that Uniacke's son is out of
town.    Sends letter for transmission to Sir John Wentworth.     p. 150
WUliam Marsden to E. Cooke. Answers letter of 7 May. The
Admiralty has directed the Commander-in-Chief at Halifax to furnish
convoys to and from the West Indies as requested by the merchants,
so far as this is possible. p. 151
Bernard to Adam Gordon. Reports that Uniacke's son has said
that his father does not wish to be appointed to the Council, and has
recommended HiU. If Uniacke should be appointed later, he should
be given precedence over Brenton and HUl. p. 152
0__lh Palace. Order-in-CouncU for the appointment of Charles HiU and Edward
' Brabazon Brenton to the CouncU of Nova Scotia. p. 153
SSXy. W* Sturges Bourne to E. Cooke.   States that Wentworth has
drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1, of which no advice has been
received.    Asks whether this biU should be paid. p. 154
June 25,
Board of
Sackville St.
Board of Agriculture to Camden. Transmits two packets, one
each for the Governors of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Also
transmits the new list of premiums of the Board for the encouragement of cultivation in those parts, particularly for the growing of
hemp. p. 155 A. 138 REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1946
Premiums offered by the Board of Agriculture, 1805.
p. 156.
Dease to Cooke. Transmits, as directed by the commissioners July 24
for auditing the public accounts, a letter from George Leonard, sSe^sefpt
Superintendent of Fisheries, respecting his accounts. The Board is of
opinion that these sums ought not to have been paid out of army
extraordinaries. They regard the whole matter as fit for the consideration of the Secretary of State, and asks that Castlereagh give
it his earnest convenient attention, and that he return Leonard's
letter and enclosures with his answer.    [Enclosures not at this place.]
p. 191
Spencer Perceval and V. Gibbs [Attorney and SoUcitor Generals] September 2.
to Castlereagh.    Acknowledge letter of 26 August enclosing copy of a
letter from Wentworth and a report of the Chief Justice of Nova
Scotia on the trial of a French prisoner [Pierre Poulin].    Have no
reason to object to the legality and propriety of the conviction.
p. 193
W. Huskisson to Cooke.    Transmits copy of a biU drawn by September 5,
Wentworth on 30 June for £41.13.1, of which no advice has beenTreasury-
received.    Asks whether this bUl should be paid.    [Enclosure not at
this place.] p. 194
W. Sturges Bourne to Cooke.    Transmits memorial from G. September 25.
Leonard, Superintendent of Trade and Fisheries in North America,Treasury-
relative to the property tax deducted both from his salary and from
the £600 aUowed for the operation of a vessel under his direction.
Asks for  Castlereagh's  opinion  thereon.    [Memorial  not  at  this
place.] p. 195
Richard Cumberland [Agent] to Cooke.    Acknowledges letter of October is,
9 October.    Admits the mistake in levying income tax on the £600 chari^s?^'
given to G. Leonard for the operation of his vessel.    Refund ordered, st- James's'Sq.
p. 196
Henry Bowyer to Cooke.    Acknowledges letter of 29 October October 31,
enclosing estimates, etc. for a hospital at Halifax.    BeUeves that the ^HaH Moon
new hospital should not be on an island and should be made of brick Piccadilly.
or stone or that the house buUt for the Commander-in-Chief, which
is now unoccupied, might be converted into a hospital. p. 198
W. Sturges Bourne to Cooke.    Transmits letter from Went-November 14,
worth, of 30 September, advising that he has drawn on the TreasuryTreasury-
for £41.13.1, for the third quarter of DansevUle's annual aUowance.
Asks whether this biU should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.]
p. 199
Lt.-General  WUliam   Gardiner   [Officer   Commanding  in  theJanuaryl0
Maritime  Provinces]  to  Castlereagh.    Asks   Castlereagh's   aid  in Halifax.
securing for H. Goldsmith, nephew of the poet, a transfer from his
present position as Commissary at Halifax to some civil post in
Ireland that would secure for him at least one pound per day.    p. 200 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 138
Lt.-Colonel T. W. Gordon to E. Cooke. Transmits a despatch
with enclosures from Lt.-General W. Gardiner on the defence works
of Nova Scotia. p. 205
Gardiner to Lt.-Colonel Gordon, Halifax, 6 September, 1805.
Transmits reports on defence works in Nova Scotia, and discusses the
need for new works and for re-inforcements. p. 206
(i) W. Fenwick, commanding Royal Engineers, to Gardiner, _
Engineers Office, Halifax, 1 August, 1805.    Transmits a report on
the defences all of which, except Citadel HU1, are kept in repair by the
Board of Ordnance.    Lists the buUdings and batteries which he is
erecting, on orders from the Ordnance. p. 211
Enclosed in sub-enclosure:
Report of the present state of the several works of defence on the
peninsula of Halifax and harbour posts with some opinions relative
thereto, Halifax, 1 August, 1805. p. 217
(ii) Lt.-Colonel Thomas R. Charleton [commanding Royal Artillery]
to [Gardiner], Halifax, 16 August, 1805. Transmits a return of
mounted ordnance, and of the number of men required to man the
batteries. Urges that the militia should be trained in the use of the
heavy guns. p. 214
Enclosed in sub-enclosure:
Return of ordnance mounted on the batteries in Halifax and
the harbour posts, with the field artUlery, and the distribution of men
now serving in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, Halifax, 16 August,
1805. p. 213
WUliam Sabatier, James Fraser, William Lyon, Charles R.
Prescott and John Black, to Castlereagh. Transmit extract from a
letter written from Grenada, and of a report by A. N. DansevUle on
the fisheries of St. Pierre and Miquelon. Report a rumor that the
United States intends to purchase St. Pierre and Miquelon when the
war is over. The Legislature has granted assistance to the fisheries.
Such a purchase would have serious consequences. p. 227
(1) Extract from a letter from St. George, Grenada, 10 November,
1805. States that the merchants of Grenada are not interested in
tbe carrying trade. The trade is in the hands of the Americans and
"we are now in a worse situation than before we sent home our
complaints." The Governor issued licenses for admitting fish
imported in United States vessels. p. 236
(2) DansevUle to Sabatier [in French], Dartmouth, 25 October,
1805. Describes the French fisheries based on St. Pierre and
Miquelon. p. 231 A. 138
W. Sturges Bourne to E. Cooke.    Transmits, in reference to      1806
the report of the ComptroUers of Army Accounts on the proposal to February e,
buUd   a   mUitary  hospital   at   Halifax.    [Enclosure   not   at   this Treasury-
place.] p. 239
W.   Landon,   Vice-ChanceUor  of  Oxford   University,   to   the February n,
annuity for the widow of Rev.
King's CoUege.
Dr. Thomas Cox, late President of
p. 240
Richard John Uniacke to -
 .     Cites the Various Offices February 18,
which he has held in Nova Scotia, and offers his observations on strand? *"
public affairs. Points out the danger of investing capital in the
United States, a country which is in danger of disintegration from
the growth of democratic principles. British capital invested in the
United States is used by Americans to encroach on the trade and
fisheries of British North America, and to undermine the British
monopoly in the trade of the sugar islands. Agents of France are
active in the United States. Suggests that British capital should
be recaUed from such ventures. Outlines a system of trade regulations, and urges that the two Canadas should be united, and that
New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton and Nova
Scotia should be erected into a single colony. Discusses the constitutional changes which would be required, and the advantages to
be gained under the proposed new system. p. 243
George Harrison to Sir George Shee [Under Secretary].    Trans- March 12,
mits letter from Wentworth of 31 December, 1805, advising that he   easury'
has drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1, for the payment of A. N.
DanseviUe's aUowance for the last quarter of 1805. Asks whether
this bUl should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 284
C. W. WiUiams Wynn to Shee.    Transmits a letter from the^ch29.
Audit Office asking for such letters as were sent to John Parr, when
Governor of Nova Scotia,  relating to the expenditure of public
money. p. 285
J. L. MaUet to Q. W
Wynn, New Auditors Office, 26 March,
p. 286
George Harrison to Shee.    Transmits letter from Wentworth of June 10,
31 March advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1 t^^-
for the aUowance to A. N. DansevUle for the first quarter of 1806.
Asks  whether this bUl should be  paid.    [Enclosure not  at this
place.] p. 288
Order-in-CouncU revoking the restrictions imposed on the July 2,
granting of land by H.M. instructions of 6 March, 1790, and reviving Queen's
with certain alterations, those of 1784. Grants should not exceed
500 acres to each person, unless special instructions are issued to
authorize an increase. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are to be
divided into counties and parishes. Grants for the benefit of clergy
of the Church of England should be increased from 400 to 500 acres, PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 138
1806 and sinular provisions should be made for parish schools where such
schools would be "expedient and practicable". Grants, not exceeding
20,000 acres should be made for King's College and for a Cathedral
Chapter. p. 184
OfliceW ^- P- Elcot to Shee.    Requests copies of any letters or other
Auditing Public documents that would reveal whether the Surveyor General of Nova
Addphl?'        Scotia actuaUy received from  either government or land grantees
the whole or half fees for each grant of land in Ueu of which the sum
of £353.2.0 was included by Lt.-Governor John Parr in the bUls
drawn on the Treasury for the settlement of the Loyalists. p. 289
August 20, George  Harrison to Shee.    Gives Treasury approval of the ;
Treasury*        purchase of a vessel to be employed under the direction of the Superintendent of Fisheries. p. 291
September io, Harrison to Shee.    Transmits Wentworth's letter of 30 June
advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1 for Danse-
viUe's aUowance for the second quarter of 1806. Asks whether this
bUl should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 292
S?eaIS^r 13, Harrison to Shee.    Acknowledges letter of 4 November, enclosing
a draft of a despatch proposed to be sent to Wentworth relative to
the employment of a larger vessel for the Superintendent of Fisheries
in North America.    The Treasury sees no objection to this draft.
p. 293
ggSSf-Sfe. Memorial of Rt. Rev. Charles Inglis, Bishop of Nova Scotia,
to Windham. Prays that he may have the assistance of an archdeacon
and recommends the Rev. John Inglis for this position. Points out
the extent of his diocese, his own age and infirmity, and his devotion
to the Crown. Also asks a suitable provision for the salary of this
officer. p. 294
December 12,
Audit Office,
F. P. Eliot to Shee. Lists certain items found in Governor John
Parr's accounts of expenditures for the relief of Loyalist settlers.
Asks for any documents on which Parr could have based a specific
or general authorization to incur such expenses, or whether the present
Secretary of State is of the opinion that the Governor had such a
general authority. p. 297
December 13,
Harrison to Shee. - States that G. Brinley, Deputy Commissary
at Halifax, has applied for forage money, claiming that the Deputy
Barrack Master at Halifax receives a simUar aUowance. Asks that
the Officer Commanding in Nova Scotia be requested to tell what
authority there is for such payment to the Deputy Barrack Master
and at what period the said allowance commenced. p. 299
Memorial of Henry Goldsmith, Assistant Commissary of the
District of Nova Scotia, to Castlereagh, stating that he has been in
H.M. service since 1773, that he has a wife and nine children, that
he receives only £250 per year. Reminds Castlereagh of the letter
of the late Lt.-General Gardiner of 10 January, 1806, on his behalf.
He secured his present position through the Duke of Kent to whom
reference may be made. p. 203 A. 139
Nova Scotia, A. 139
[Windham] to Wentworth, No. 6.    [Draft.]   Transmits copy of a January 8,
letter from the Treasury asking information on the granting of forage Dowmng st-
money to the Barrack Master at Halifax.    [Enclosure not at this
place.] p. 2
Wentworth to Windham, No. 162.   States that W. C. Tonge's March 23,
continued obstructionist tactics have forced him to suspend him from Halifax-
duty as Naval Officer and to appoint John Beckwith to that office
until H.M. pleasure is signified.    Describes these tactics and also the
efforts that are being made to prove Tonge's loyalty and devotion to
duty.   States his conviction that it was necessary to suspend Tonge.
p. 3
Wentworth to Windham, No. 163.    Reports the death of James March 24,
Brenton, member of the Nova Scotia CouncU and Assistant Judge of Ha fax'
the Supreme Court.    Has provisionaUy appointed Lawrence Hartshorne to the seat which he formerly held in the CouncU and which he
resigned when Butler was appointed.    Brenton HaUiburton has been
appointed to Brenton's seat on the bench. p. 5
Wentworth to  Windham,  No.   164.    Acknowledges  despatch March 30,
No. 5 of 6 November, 1806, with instructions relative to the purchase Halifax-
of a vessel for the superintendent of trade and fisheries.    He is looking
for a suitable vessel.   Transmits estimate of probable cost of maintenance, p. 7
Estimate of the probable cost of maintaining a vessel of ninety
tons and eight guns. p. 8
Wentworth to Windham, No. 165. Acknowledges despatch No. April 2,
6, of 8 January, 1807, and states that George Brinley has performed
long and faithful service as Commissary at Halifax. The Barrack
Master has not received forage money. Colonel Barnes, Deputy
Barrack Master General of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and their
dependencies, has received a forage aUowance as a colonel in the army
and member of the general staff of this district, as authorized by the
Treasury letter of 16 January, 1802. Barnes began to receive this
on 13 September, 1802. p. 9.
Wentworth to Windham, No. 166. Acknowledges circular April 4,
despatch of 20 November, 1806, enclosing letter from the TreasuryHahfax-
giving instructions on the security to be demanded from persons
being appointed revenue officers during vacancies. Customs business
is increasing rapidly. The menace of popular control over preventive
officers must be guarded against, since aU classes of the population
have interests in the fisheries and in the export of plaster of Paris and
of grindstones. The attempt to gain popular control often begins in
A. 139*
May 20,
a petition to the Assembly. Last session's consideration of a petition
against T. N. Jeffery, Collector of H.M. Customs at Halifax, concerned
a matter that should have been referred to the courts. Believes that
Jeffery takes less not more than the fees which have been established
in the province for at least fifty years. Asks that Jeffery be given a
larger boat to visit the remoter parts of the harbour. Nathaniel
Thomas, Jeffery's deputy at Windsor, should be commissioned as a
preventive officer in view of increased navigation to and from that
port.    Eraser, of Pictou, already is so commissioned. p. 10
Wentworth to Windham, No. 167. WUl forward copy of the
proceedings of the last session when the Speaker of Assembly is
sufficiently recovered to complete the record. Meantime he transmits a record of the part of it on which he most desires advice from
H.M. Government. The Council has given him valuable advice.
Apprehensions of an imminent attack by the French caused a sudden
mobilization of forces."   Again urges the need of more arms.        p. 15
L. M. WUkins [Speaker of the Assembly] to Wentworth, Halifax,
12 December, 1806. Transmits papers dealing with the controverted
election at Annapolis, and asks that a new writ of election should be
issued. p. 17
Wentworth to Viscount Castlereagh, No. 168. Acknowledges
despatch stating that Castlereagh had assumed the seals of the War
and Colonial Departments. p. 26
Major-General Martin Hunter [Commander of the Forces] to
Castlereagh. Acknowledges despatches of 1 and 2 AprU. The former
relating to pay warrants for staff officers wiU be obeyed. With regard
to the returns made by the Commissary of Nova Scotia to the Comp-
troUers of army accounts he has hitherto conformed to the instructions
in the circular from the Secretary at War, of 1799. Hopes that his
adaptation of this form will conform to the new instructions contained
in the report of the Comptrollers enclosed in G. Harrison's letter
enclosed in Castlereagh's despatch. p. 27
Circular despatch, W.
War Office, 6 Mav, 1799.
Windham [Secretary at War] to Hunter,
p. 29
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 1. Acknowledges despatches
Nos. 160 to 166. The appointment of B. Halliburton has been
confirmed. L. Hartshorne's re-appointment to the Nova Scotia
CouncU wUl be considered, but he can be appointed only as a new
member, and a fresh mandamus must be taken out. p. 14
Wentworth to Castlereagh, secret. Understands that Monsieur
Garneau, French Consul in New Hampshire, has come to Canada in
the guise of a New England farmer. Should he proceed to Nova
Scotia the provisions of the Alien Act wUl be enforced. There is
Uttle danger that the loyalty of the Acadians will be undermined.
The deficiency of arms is a greater menace. p. 30 A. 139
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 169.   Transmits Journals and      1807
the Acts of last session.    lists and comments upon the Acts, some juiy 13,
of which grant bounties.    W. C. Tonge was elected Speaker butHaUfax-
Wentworth refused to approve of him and L. M. Wilkins was chosen
in his stead.    Points to the resolution granting commission to the
coUectors of customs to compensate for what was lost when Tonge
held up the Revenue BiU after it had passed.    Explains various
appropriations.    Eulogizes   the   work   of   M.   WaUace,   Provincial
Treasurer and Commissioner of Pubhc Buildings.    £500 granted for
a Hghthouse on Brier Island.    The New Brunswick Legislature has
contributed £100 for this hghthouse.   Several suggestions have been
made as to the export of gypsum or plaster of Paris. p. 32
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 170. Reports steps taken tojutyH,
attest signatures of officers on half pay. Two lists of such attesta-Halifax-
tions have been lost, so that he has been obUged to send one that is not
complete. Some officers may not have seen the notice as yet. Their
names wUl be sent when they shaU have been received. He has
drawn on the Paymaster of the Forces for £17.8.9. [Enclosure not
at this place.] p. 38
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 171. Transmits newspaper jniy 14,
accounts of the encounter between H.M.S. Leopard, and the United HaUfax-
States frigate Chesapeake. Fears that hostUities may break out
between Great Britain and the United States. Regrets that the 29th
Regiment has been withdrawn, and represents the need of arms.
If war should break out, an armed brig will be required for the Government service. p. 40
(1) Extracts from the People's Friend and Daily Advertiser of
3 July, 1807, including an extract from the Norfolk Public Ledger, p. 42
(2) Nova Scotia Royal Gazette of 7 July, including the order of
Vice-Admiral Hon. G. C. Berkeley of 1 June, 1807, for searching the
American frigate Chesapeake, if come upon at sea: also extract from
a letter dated Chesapeake Bay, 24 June by a gentlemen aboard
H.M.S. Leopard when the Chesapeake was boarded, together with
an item from an American newspaper dated Norfolk, 25 June.   p. 57
(3) Nova Scotia Royal Gazette of 14 July, reproducing an extract from the Norfolk Public Ledger of 25 June, with other later
news items. p. 74
Major-Gen.   Martin   Hunter   to   Castlereagh.    Acknowledges Jgyj^
circular letter of 1 June directing that the practice of renting canteens      ax'
to officers should cease.    Does not believe that there is any such
practice within his command. p. 86
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, secret.    [Draft.]    Directs that the August 11,^
98th Regt. of Foot and the Newfoundland Fencibles be sent to Lower
Canada without delay.    Arrangements are being made to send a
reinforcement for the garrison at Halifax. p. 87
65352—4_ 44
August 11,
Downing St.
A. 13*
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 3. [Draft.] Transmits an
Order-m-Counoil of 16 July authorizing the granting of licences to
British vessels to trade to ports of St. Domingo not under the Government of either France or Spain.   [Enclosure not at this place.]   p. 88
[Castlereagh] to Hunter, secret. [Draft.] Directs him to cooperate with the Lieutenant-Governor and the Officer Commanding
H.M. naval forces in the embarkation of the 98th Regt. of Foot and
the Newfoundland Fencibles for Quebec. p. 89
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 172. Reports the death of Mrs.
Deborah Cottnam, who has been receiving a pension granted by
ParUament. Reports that the new revenue vessel has been employed
under the command of G. Leonard. He has drawn bUls for £810
for the purchase and outfitting of the new vessel, the Hunter.
Measures wUl be taken to prepare for an invasion. Urges that at
least three regiments should be sent, as this would encourage mUitia
and volunteers. p. 90
[Castlereagh] to Sir James H. Craig [Governor in Chief] (or in
his absence to the Lieut.-Governor or Commander in Chief of Nova
Scotia.) Transmits additional Royal Instructions as to the granting
of lands. Urges particularly compliance with the regulation that
not more than 500 acres be given to one party. Should also see that
aU lands not granted in due form be resumed by the Crown. AU
applications for land should be referred to the CouncU, and he must^
approve decisions made. Copies of the proceedings of the CouncU
in such business must be sent to the Colonial Department at least
every six months. He should send as soon as possible a report
showing all lands heretofore granted, indicating date, grantee,
acreage, and situation. p. 95
August 31,
Downing St.
Order-in-CouncU, 4 March, 1807. Directs preparation of new
instructions, in accordance with the draft, which has been approved.
p. 221
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth. [Draft.] Transmits copies of the
commission and instructions of Sir James Henry Craig in so far as
these relate to Nova Scotia.    [Enclosure not at this place.]       p. 97
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 4, secret. [Draft.] Notifies
Wentworth that Craig's patent has been sent to Nova Scotia to be
opened and recorded there. If relations between Great Britain and
the United States are stiff in an alarming state no time should be lost
in arming and training the militia. It is unlikely that Nova Scotia
can be attacked by sea. If an American force, which the forces in
New Brunswick are unable to withstand, should attack from Maine,
the Lieutenant-Governor of that province is to fall back, with the
mUitary part of the population, on Halifax, giving time for support
from Great Britain. The Lieut.-Governor of New Brunswick has
been so instructed. Transmits a copy of a letter sent to Major-Gen.
M. Hunter. p. 98 A. 139
[Castlereagh] to Hunter, secret.   [Draft.]   Transmits copy of the      1607
despatch in which he gave instructions to Wentworth for preparing September 4,
for an attack from the United States.   Instructs Hunter as to steps Downing K
to be taken to prepare for war. p. 101
Hunter to Castlereagh.    Acknowledges despatch directing co-September ie.
operation in the embarkation of the 98th Regt. and NewfoundlandHalifax-
Fencibles for Quebec.    Transmits copy of a letter from Vice-Admiral
Hon. G. Berkeley.    Believes that the whole wUl be ready to saU by
24 September.    * p. 105
Berkeley to Hunter, Halifax, 14 September, 1807. Answers
letter of 13 September. WUl detain men of war until it is assured
that the agent of transports wUl be able to secure sufficient transport
vessels.    Fixes 22 September as the date for embarking. p. 106
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 173.   Acknowledges despatch September is,
No. 2 of 4 July intimating that an aUowance not exceeding £150 perHalifax-
annum should be paid to the Commissary of the Bishop of Nova
Scotia for traveUing expenses. p. 107
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 174.    Acknowledges H.M. in- September 19,
structions to grant Ucences to trade to St. Domingo.    This promises HaIifax-
beneficial results. p. 108
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 175.   Reports on steps taken to September 19,
send the 98th Regiment and Newfoundland Fencibles to Quebec,HaUfax-
and to prepare for possible hostilities, and on increased manifestations
of Ul-feeling in the United States. p. 109
Hon. D. M. Erksine [H.M. Envoy to the United States] to
Wentworth, PhUadelphia, 10 August, 1807. Reports on the hostUe
intentions of the Government of the United States. p. 113
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 5.    [Draft.]    Transmits copy September,
of a letter to E. Cooke, enclosing a petition from Messrs Soltan & Co. Downin8 stJ
praying that certain property belonging to subjects of Hamburg now
detained at Halifax, may be restored in conformity with Orders-in-
CouncU of 26 March and 17 June, 1807. p. 100
W. Fawkener to Cooke, CouncU Office, 3 September, 1807.  p. 304
(i)   Petition of Messrs. Soltan, Martinius & Co. p. 305
(u)   Order-in-CouncU, 26 March, 1807. p. 307
(iii) Order-in-CouncU, 17 June, 1807. p. 309 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 139
October 10,
Downing St.
[Unsigned] to Hunter, private and confidential. States that
Castlereagh has been informed of the contents of Hunter's private
letter to Colonel Gordon. In future Hunter is to report direct to
Castlereagh on matters affecting the security of the province,    p. 104
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 6. [Draft.] Lists fifteen
Nova Scotia Acts which do not seem liable to any objection,    p. 116
Major-General J. N. Skerrett [Officer Commanding the Forces
in Nova Scotia] to Castlereagh. Has assumed command following
the death of Lt.-Gen. W. Gardiner. Deplores the mUitia's lack of
training and equipment. In the present situation, with the garrison
seriously depleted, he has taken arms for the mUitia from the public
stores. Transmits copies of a correspondence on the defence of the
province. p. 120
(1) Skerrett to Wentworth, Halifax, 2 October, 1807. Acknowledges Wentworth's letter to Hunter, of 11 September. Suggests a
muster by districts of the provincial mUitia and the holding of a conference between Wentworth, Vice-Admiral Berekley, Major-Gen.
Hunter and himself. p. 127
(2) Wentworth to Skerrett, Halifax, 3 October, 1807. Acknowledges letter of 2 October. Agrees to the meeting with Berkeley,
Hunter and Skerrett. Suggests that J. Beckwith, lately Adjutant
General of MUitia, be placed in charge of the muster. The militia
wUl prove more useful than their skUl in parade may indicate,    p. 130
(3) Skerrett to Wentworth, 7 October. States that he cannot
make plans untU he shall have received returns of the mUitia. Discusses the danger, and the use to which the mUitia might be put.
Feels diffident about making a general plan, since a Commander-in-
Chief is expected daUy. p. 133
(4) Wentworth to Skerrett, 8 October. Acknowledges letter of 7
October on the conference of 6 October. Describes his plan to caU
up part of the mUitia for immediate duty at Halifax. p. 136
(5) Skerrett to Wentworth, 9 October. Acknowledges letter of 8
October. Promises barrack accommodation and provisions for the
500 mUitia whom Wentworth proposes to call up for immediate duty
at Halifax. p. 139
(6) Wentworth to Skerrett, 10 October. Acknowledges letter of
9 October. The mUitia wiU be paid by bUls drawn on the Treasury.
Hopes the mUitia force being sent to Halifax wiU all be there by 21
October. p. 140
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 176. Acknowledges despatches
of 21 and 31 August, and 4 September. Describes the measures
concerted for the embodiment of 500 of the mUitia for immediate duty
at Halifax, with 500 to be ready on caU. Major-Gen. J. M. Skerrett
has agreed to provide barracks, provisions, fuel and bedding for the
active mUitia stationed at Halifax. Wentworth wiU have to draw on
H.M. Treasury for their subsistence. p. 142. A. 139
Skerrett to Castlereagh.   States that he has been appointed to      1607
the staff at Jamaica.    Describes what he has accomplished in Nova October 21,
Scotia, and the poUcy that should be foUowed.   Has had word fromHalifax-
New York that the United Irishmen have been trying to incite the
United States to make war on Great Britain.    Such a war would
cause a separation of North and South.   Cites his services in three
rebeUions and nineteen successful actions and asks for the command
of a regiment of the line. p. 147
Major-Gen.   Martin   Hunter   to   Castlereagh.    Acknowledges October 21,
despatch of 4 September.    Embodied mUitia at Halifax are beingHalifax-
used in completing the fortifications.    Has asked for part of the
mUitia in New Brunswick to be embodied also.    Urges the strategic
value of occupying Penobscot. p. 151
Skerrett to Castlereagh.    Transmits a letter from W. C. Tonge October 26,
whom Vice-Admiral  Hon.  G.  Berekley  considers  "an inteUigentHaUfax*
strong minded man", on the state of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.    Tonge is brother to Skerrett's aide-de-camp. p. 155
W. Cottnam Tonge to Skerrett, Halifax, 12 October, 1807.
Although with nothing but civU training he ventures to report extensively on the defence of Nova Scotia, since those with professional
training appear to give the matter no attention. Great internal
resources are "totaUy neglected." Although not a soldier his ancestors
"on both sides, for three generations were soldiers." Describes three
possible routes of attack and methods of obstructing landward
approaches to Halifax. Urges the advisability of occupying Penobscot and conciliating the inhabitants of the region between that place
and Passamaquoddy. Indians also should be concUiated and enhsted.
Possibility of a separation between northern and southern states in
event of war. Present mUitia laws are both inadequate and Ul
enforced.    Suggests a remedy. p. 156
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 177. Describes the duties October 26,
assigned to the embodied mUitia. Reports on steps taken to con-HaUfax-
ciliate and enlist Indians. A company of free Negroes is being formed.
Has drawn on the Treasury for £476.6.0 for mUitia subsistence.
A competent observer has been sent to report on American preparations. Hopes the amounts advanced wUl be reimbursed. There has
been no opposition to the embodiment of the mUitia. p. 175
Wentworth to George Harrison. Acknowledges letter of 13 October 27*
August enclosing copy of a letter from Belcher Byles together withHalifax-
instructions from the Treasury. G. Brinley, Commissary, does not
think it would be possible to supply the troops locaffy. Suggests a
plan for encouraging increased production, and that Canada wheat
should be miUed in Nova Scotia. Transmits a schedule of current
market prices. p. 182
List of current exchange rates and commodity prices.       p. 180 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 139
Hunter to Castlereagh. Transmits extract from the Nova
Scotia Gazette with the speech to Congress by the President. Little
defence preparation is being made at New York. It is generally
believed that the eastern congressmen are for peace, and the southern
for war, and that the Indians would side with the British. Anxiously
awaits arrival of troops. If they arrive before winter he proposes to
despatch three or four hundred to New Brunswick. At least two
thousand men should be stationed in that province as a defence
against attack on both Nova Scotia and Lower Canada. Troops
from Nova Scotia have reached Quebec. Has received no orders
as yet from Sir James Craig who arrived in U1 health. p. 185
Message of the President to Congress, 27 October, 1807.    p. 187
November u, Hunter to E. Cooke [Under Secretary].    Acknowledges letter of
Halifax. g October.    WUl send to Castlereagh every information that may
affect the security of Nova Scotia. p. 199
November 14, Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 178, secret.    Transmits copy of
the speech of the President to Congress.    Describes the state   of
feeling in the United States and reports on the movement of gun
p. 200
Message of the President of the United States^-27 October,
1807. p. 187
Hunter to Castlereagh. States that he has received a letter
from the President of New Brunswick in answer to his letter of
5 September. The President does not think he would be justified
in caUing up a thousand mUitia untU the danger of invasion becomes
more evident. p. 207
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 179. Reports the steps taken
to employ the mUitia on guard and in the building of fortifications.
Delay in the arrival of troops makes the continued use of mUitia
essential. Has ordered winter clothing for them. With opinion for
and against war equally divided in Congress, any new accession of
force at Halifax would h^ve significance. p. 203
Field return of the embodied battalion of Nova Scotia mUitia,
Halifax, 26 November and signed by Jonathan Crane, Lt.-Colonel
Commanding. p. 206
Hunter to E. Cooke. States that he has continued Skerrett's
pohcy of issuing to the embodied mUitia provisions, fuel and bedding,
and has provided barrack accommodation. Has ordered the Commissary General to receive from the Paymaster of MUitia 2f pence
for every ration issued to the mUitia, as has been customary when
the mUitia is embodied. p. 212 A. 139
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 7. [Draft.] lists sixteen Acts 1807
passed by the Nova Scotia Legislature in December, 1806 and January, December 3,
1807, which do not appear liable to objection. p. 208 Downins st-
Hunter to E. Cooke.   States that in the event of war with the December 3,
United States he wUl require arms, accoutrements, and flints.   Has Halifax-
been forced to draw on the naval stores in order to supply the mUitia   .
that is already embodied. p. 213
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 8. [Draft.] - Acknowledges December 9,
despatches Nos. 167 and 169 to 176 which have been laid before the Downins St-
King. Transmits copies (1) of the opinion of the Law Officers of
the Crown on the proceeding of Assembly with respect to elections,
and (2) of a report of the Commissioners of Customs on the subject
of despatch No. 166. Draws attention to the fact that information
in despatch No. 172, on the purchase of the revenue schooner, is not
complete. Asks how much was received for the sale of the former
vessel.    Approves defence measures set forth in despatch No. 176.
p. 145
(1) Opinion of the Law Officers, 7 July, 1807. p. 273
(2) Report of Commissioners of Customs, 24 June, 1807.   p. 280
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 9. [Draft.] Directs the en-December 9,
forcement of orders and regulations issued for the preservation 0fDowning?t-
timber fit for naval purposes. p. 214
Hunter to [Castlereagh]. States that, with the faUure of the December 31,
troops to arrive and the departure of Vice-Admiral Berkeley forHalifar-
Bermuda, Halifax is left almost whoUy undefended. Has asked the
Governor to caU up another thousand of the mUitia, bringing the
total to two thousand. Has also recommended the caUing up of part
of the New Brunswick mUitia, but does not know whether his advice
wUl be attended to. Strongly urges that as early in the spring as
possible a considerable mUitary force be sent out. p. 215
Bishop of London to Castlereagh.   Recommends compHance with February 19,
the petition of Bishop Inglis of Nova Scotia to have his son appointed st- James's S(*-
as archdeacon. p. 218
W.  Landon  [Provost  of  Worcester  CoUege]  to
Renews his apphcation for financial assistance to Mrs. Cox and herSSKS!"
daughters, who have returned from Windsor, N.S., where Rev. T.
Cox has been president of King's CoUege. p. 219
Order-in-CouncU respecting the granting of lands in Nova March 4,
Scotia. p. 221QueensPalace-
George Harrison to Sir George Shee [Under Secretary]. Trans- March 4,
mits two letters from Wentworth of 30 September and 31 December, t™*™*-
1806, advising that he has drawn bills on the Treasury for £41.13.1 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 139
April 18,
each, for the allowance for A. N. DansevUle for the last two quarters
of 1806. Asks whether these bUls should be paid. [Enclosures not
at this place.] P- 223
Edward, Duke of Kent, to Castlereagh. Transmits copy of a
letter from W. Cottnam Tonge enclosing a letter for the Secretary
of State and copies of a correspondence between Tonge and the
Government of Nova Scotia. As Tonge complains of Wentworth's
conduct and Wentworth is one of the Duke's oldest and best friends,
the enclosures are being sent solely for Castlereagh's "private
perusal". p. 229
Tonge to Duke of Kent, Halifax, 14 March, 1807. Transmits a
memorial to the Secretary of State and asks the Duke of Kent to
aid him in securing justice.    Asserts his loyalty. p. 230
(i) Tonge to Windham, Halifax, 7 March, asking that an investigation be made into his official conduct and private character with a
view to examining the validity of his suspension from office by Wentworth. Recites his services in Nova Scotia and his father's service
to the Crown. .    p. 224
(n) Tonge to Wentworth, 5 March. Asks why he was suspended
from office as Naval Officer of the province. p. 233
(Ui) B. Wentworth [Provincial Secretary] to Tonge, 6 March.
Conveys the Governor's refusal to state the causes of his suspension
from office.    The Secretary of State has been informed of them. p. 234
(iv) Certificate of Tonge's official good conduct signed by William
Lawson and other ship owners of Halifax. p. 227
April 20,
Duke of Kent to  .    Transmits a letter from Miss
G. E. Cottnam of Windsor, N.S., daughter of the deceased Mrs.
Cottnam who received a government pension of £100, in which is
enclosed a memorial to the King asking that this pension be continued
to the daughter. Asks for the return of the letter and wishes to be
informed of Castlereagh's action. p. 236
Memorial of Grissey E. Cottnam to the King, Windsor, N.S.,
13 January, 1807. Recites the services of her grandfather and father
to the Crown, and asks for continuance of the pension. p. 238
April 21,
Duke of Kent to E. Cooke. Introduces the bearer, Rev. John
Inglis, son of the Bishop of Nova Scotia. The Duke is personaUy
interested in both father and son. Asks that Cooke instruct the
bearer in the best approach to Castlereagh, and that he wiU use his
influence to prepare Castlereagh to give favourable consideration to
the object in which Inglis is interested. p. 240 A. 139
John Wilmot to Castlereagh.   States that he was some years      1807
since employed as one of the commissioners to examine Loyalist April 24,
claims.   Rev. Dr. C. Inglis was then classed as one who had rendered T™tenhan?e'
"essential services" to his King.   He is now old and asks for the aid
of an archdeacon.    Urges that favourable consideration be given to
the request.    Has had long correspondence with Inglis who has often
expressed his desire for an archdeacon. p. 242
Bishop of Durham to Castlereagh.    Recommends comphance April 26,
with the request of the Bishop of Nova Scotia that his son Rev. John Mingeweu.
Inglis be appointed his archdeacon in Nova Scotia. p. 244
Brook Watson to Cooke.    Hopes that Hibbert Newton Binney April 25,
may be appointed to a seat in the Nova Scotia CouncU for which he ^Sof
was recommended by the Governor in 1804.    Transmits a letter
from the Provincial Secretary. p. 245
(1) B. Wentworth to Hibbert Newton Binney, 25 June, 1804.
States that the Governor has recommended him for a seat in the
CouncU. p. 246
(2) Camden to Watson, 15 September, 1804. States he wUl
consider Watson's recommendation that Binney should be appointed
to the CouncU. p. 247
John Taylor to Stewart.    Asks for certified copies of any corres-Aprii30,
pondence that may have taken place between the Home Department AdeipiS.ffice'
and Governor John Parr with reference to irregularities in Parr's
account for surveying and laying out lands for Loyalist refugees.
p. 248
Rev. John Inglis to E. Cooke.
Transmits an abstract account May 9,
""Duke   .
his estimates have been conservative and careful. Could point out
many inexpensive ways of increasing the effectiveness of the Church
of England in Nova Scotia. p. 250
Abstract of the state of the diocese of Nova Scotia.
p. 251
George Harrison to Cooke.    Transmits letter from Wentworth of May 12,
30 March advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for the aUow-1*68311^'
ance for A. N. DansevUle for the first quarter of 1807.    Ask whether
this biU should be paid.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 255
Rev. John Inglis to E. Cooke. Makes suggestions for improving May 14,
the condition of the Church of England. Urges that substantial land London*
endowments should be granted and that the Bishop should be
appointed to the CouncU. Recommends that existing salaries should
be paid direct by the Treasury of the Society for the Propagation of
the Gospel, in order to avoid taxation. Absenteeism in the chaplain
service should be abolished. Asks that an archdeacon should be
appointed. p. 256 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 139
May 23,
Downing S
Cooke to Inglis. States that Castlereagh wUl apply to Parliament for an increase in the Bishop's salary from £700 to £$1,000 a
year. The appointment of an archdeacon is not under present
circumstances considered expedient. p. 262
July 16,
Council Office,
Richard John Uniacke to Castlereagh. Cites his services in
Nova Scotia and asks that his son [Richard John] should be appointed
Provincial Secretary. Suggests that the office of Naval Officer for
Nova Scotia be added to it, if Tonge's suspension is approved.
Uniacke would give B. Wentworth an annuity for life equal to that
officer's present salary reserving for himself only the fees of the
office. Wentworth is a native of the United States, and his partiahty
for Americans and for his relations is so great that natives of Ireland
have little hope of promotion. Transmits copy of a letter from the
Duke of Portland to the Earl of Shannon on his behalf. p. 263
Duke of Portland to Shannon, London, 19 July, 1797. Acknowledges letter of 12 July, and states that Shannon's wishes have been
anticipated. He had recommended that Uniacke should be appointed
[Attorney General] to succeed S. S. Blowers who has been appointed
Chief Justice of Nova Scotia. p. 269
Rev. John Inglis to Cooke. Requests the return of papers
relative to the appointment of an archdeacon in Nova Scotia, particularly those from the Bishops of London and Durham. p. 271
George Harrison to E. Cooke. States that the Treasury wUl add
£300 to the estimate, as an increase in salary for the Bishop of Nova
Scotia. p. 272
Stephen Cottrell to E. Cooke. Transmits Order-in-CouncU
authorizing the Governor of Nova Scotia to issue licences to permit
British ships to trade in certain ports of St. Domingo. Asks that
this be forwarded to the Governor. p. 275
Order in CouncU, 15 July, 1807.
p. 276
George Harrison to E. Cooke. Transmits copy of a report of
the Coinmissioners of Qustoms with reference to Wentworth's suggestions that more adequate arrangements should be made for protecting the revenue. p. 279
Report signed by R. Frewin, J. WUUams, J. Hume and F. F.
LuttreU, Custom House, 24 July, 1807. State that it would not be
expedient to grant an increased allowance for the revenue boat.
A commission wiU be issued to the Preventive Officer at Windsor,
on his giving security. p. 280
George Harrison to E. Cooke. Transmits copy of R. Cumberland's letter of 24 July stating that at the end of 1806 the balance in
his hands as Crown Agent for Nova Scotia was £4,399.7.6J and A. 139
requesting that the whole of the sum voted for the establishment of      1807
Nova Scotia for the present year be paid to him.   Asks for Castlereagh's advice as to what part of the sum should be paid to Cumberland.   [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 282
W. Cottnam Tonge to Castlereagh.   Recalls his previous appeal August 14,
to Castlereagh's predecessor of March last.   Asks that an impartial Halifax.
investigation of his conduct should be made by mUitary or naval
officers. p. 283
Tonge to Windham, 8 March,
under 18 April above.]
[Not transcribed, but see
p. 286
Order-in-CouncU for the appointment of Sir James Henry Craig August 19,
to be Captain General and Governor-in-Chief in and over the province (^ieen'3 PaIac9-
of Nova Scotia, and the Islands of Prince Edward and Cape Breton.
p. 287
Anonymous   letter   to   Castlereagh.   Makes   charges   against August 26,
Wentworth's administration of affairs, and claims that he is influenced HaUfax-
by Michael  WaUace  and  Lawrence  Hartshorne.    Makes  specific
charges as to speculations in lands. p. 289
Henry WeUesley to E. Cooke.    States that bills for £360 and August 31,
£270 were drawn by Wentworth on 23 July for cost and outfitting Treasury*
of the schooner Hunter of which no advice has been received.   Asks
whether these bills should be paid. p. 303
W. W. Poole to Cooke.    Transmits a letter from Vice-Admiral September
Hon. G. Berkeley on the ifficit trade in the Bay of Fundy between Admir8lty-
the United States and H.M. subjects, and also on the right of occupying Moose Island.    Asks that this letter be returned. p. 310
(I) Berkeley to W. Marsden, Halifax, 14 August, 1807. Transmits a report of observations by Lieut. J. Flintoph of H.M.S. Pergey
upon the officers of H.M. Customs which he understands coincides
with accounts sent home by the Superintendent of Trade and Fisheries.
Smuggling is facUitated by the lack of a definite international boundary
in Passamaquoddy Bay. Americans make much use of Moose Island
which is clearly in the British area of the bay. It is a base for the
smuggling of East India goods, and is the rendez-vous of British
deserters from army and navy. Understands from one Owen, who
claims to be in confidential correspondence with the Secretary of
State, that a secret agreement debars the British from occupying
this island. Asks whether this is so. From every view, civU and
mUitary, it appears to be a port of such consequence to Great Britain
that he would Uke Admiralty instructions. p. 311
Flintoph to Berkeley, H.M. schooner Pergey, Halifax, 27 July,
1807. Describes smuggling operations in Passamaquoddy Bay.
Gives reasons for believing that local customs officiate connive at PUBLIC ARCHIVES
A. 139
this practice, and that R. Parker, Comptroller of Customs at Saint
John is enthusiastically in favour of its continuance. p. 313
Henry Wellesley to E. Cooke. Transmits letter from the Commissioners for Auditing the Public Accounts, of 28 August, and asks
for Castlereagh's opinion on R. Cumberland's letter of 7 August, p. 331
Henry WeUesley to E. Cooke. Transmits a report of the Commissioners of H.M. Navy on a letter from Wentworth, with an
estimate of the probable expense of maintaining a vessel to be employed by the Superintendent of Trade and Fisheries. p. 332
Report, Navy Office, 21 August, 1807, estimating the probable
expense of maintaining a vessel of ninety tons and eight guns for
the use of the Superintendent of Trade and Fisheries at Halifax, p. 333
Henry WeUesley to E. Cooke. States that the Treasury is
satisfied with Hunter's proposed form for making out quarterly
certificates as required by the Treasury letter of 20 March.      p. 335
George Harrison to E. Cooke. Transmits letter from Hunter of
18 August relative to the advisabUity of reserving a supply of flour
at Halifax.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 336
W. W. Poole to E. Cooke* Transmits a letter from Vice-Admiral
Berkeley enclosing one from the Superintendent of Trade and
Fisheries, with documents relative to a seizure made by one of H.M.
armed schooners. p. 337
Berkeley to Poole, Halifax, 1 September. The conduct of the
principal officers of customs has been so often represented and is so
glaring that he hopes that action wiU be taken. p. 316
George Leonard to Berkeley, Saint John, 24 August, 1807.
Transmits a statement of the case of the schooner Harmony. Reports
on the encroachment of the Americans in Passamaquoddy Bay and
reflects upon the attitude of Customs officers at St. John. p. 317
Enclosed in sub-enclosure:
The case of the schooner Harmony, seized in Passamaquoddy
Bay on 7 July by H.M. armed schooner Pergey, brought to Saint
John, UbeUed in the Court of Vice-Admiralty, tried, and, with the
aid of the testimony of R. Parker, Comptroller of Customs at Saint
John, restored to its owners, and no appeal made. Decision based
on the occupancy of the islands in question. p. 319
Iot^Gu^' .J'  W-  G°rcion to  Cooke.    Transmits copy
' irse  "" "  Major-Gen. Martin Hunter at Halifax.
of a letter from
p. 328 A. 139
Hunter to [Gordon], Halifax, 4 September. Reports on the
activities of General Moreau. Urges that steps be taken to fortify
HaUfax and Saint John. Fears that the greater part of the mUitia
would not be very zealous in either Nova Scotia or New Brunswick.
Defences of New York he understands go on very busUy. p. 329
Statement of the naval stores at Halifax. p. 338gSSs&B
George Harrison to Cooke.    Transmits letter from Wentworth October 21,
of 30 June advising that he has drawn on the Treasury for £41.13.1Tieaauiy-
for the aUowance of A. N. DansevUle for the second quarter of 1807.
Asks  whether  this  biU  should  be  paid.    [Enclosure not  at this
place.] p. 340
George Harrison to Edward Cooke.    Lists bills amounting in December 2,
aU to £508.19.1 drawn by Wentworth on the Treasury for whichTreasury-
no advice has been received.    Asks whether these bills should be
paid. p. 341
George Harrison to
Asks that a search be made December 8
in Castlereagh's office for documents which may afford any infor-Treasury-
mation on disbursements in the accounts of Lt.-Gen. Eyre Massey
[afterwards Baron Clarina], Officer Commanding in Nova Scotia
in the years 1776, 1777 and 1778 on which sundry surcharges have
been made. Asks for Castleieagh's opinion respecting the allowance
or disaUowance of the articles of surcharge. p. 342
Extract of the Auditor's state of the account of Lt.-Gen. Eyre
Massev, Officer Commanding in Nova Scotia in 1776, 1777 and
1778. * p. 343
H. WeUesley to Cooke.    Transmits two letters of Wentworth's December 30,
of 24 October and 10 November advising that he has drawn on theTreasury"
Treasury for £465.6.0 and £200 sterling on account of expenses
incurred for the subsistence of two regiments of militia.    Asks whether
these bills should be paid.    [Enclosures not at this place.]       p. 345
Nova Scotia, A. 140
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 180.    Reports on the progress January 2,
of the session.    Gives reasons for which he refused to consent to aHaUfax'
vote of 100 guineas to buy plate for Vice-Admiral Berkeley, who is
leaving the colony.    The revenue laws have passed. p. 2
(1) Speech of Wentworth on opening the session, 3 December,
A. 146
1808 (2) Authorization for Chief Justice Blowers to deliver the Lt.-
Governor's speech to the Legislature. p. 6
(3) Reply of the CouncU to the Governor's speech, 7 December.
p. 7
(4) Reply of the Assembly to the Governor's speech, 8 December.
p. 9
(5) Lt.-Governor's acknowledgment of the CouncU's reply, 8
December. p. 11
(6) Lt.-Governor's acknowledgment of the Assembly's reply,
9 December. p. 12
(7) Address of the Assembly to Hon. George Cranfield Berkeley,
Vice-Admiral of the White, 17 December. p. 13
(8) Berkeley's reply, 17 December.
Wentworth to Castlereagh, No. 181. Reports on steps taken for
the mUitary and naval defence of the colony. He has drawn upon
the Treasury for presents to the Indians as a measure of defence.
The mUitia need arms. Loyalty prevaUs. The embargo is said to
have created alarm and resentment in the Eastern States. A few
vessels have managed to leave United States ports. p. 17
(1) Wentworth to Berkeley, 11 December. Urges that at least
one powerful ship of war and two other ships be kept at Halifax, as a
measure of defence. p. 20
(2) Berkeley to Wentworth, Halifax, 11 December, 1807. States
that he is leaving an adequate naval force. Regrets that he must
himself proceed without delay to Bermuda to meet his successor.
p. 22
(3) Major-General Martin Hunter to Wentworth, Headquarters,
Halifax, 26 December. Recommends that an additional 2,000 men
should be added to the mUitia. States plans for employing these
men. - p. 23
(4) Wentworth to Captain J. Shortland of H.M.S. Squirrel
[Senior Officer Commanding at Halifax] 27 December. Requests
that H.M. brig Emulous should not be permitted to leave Halifax.
p. 25
(5) Shortland to Wentworth, Halifax, 28 December, acknowledging letter of 27 December. States that the Emulous wiU be
detained untU Saturday. If hostitUies appear to be imminent she
wiU be detained until the arrival of H.M.S. Bellona. The launching
of the gun brig Plumper on 29 December wiU compensate for the
absence of the Emulous, if it should become necessary to despatch
that vessel. p. 27
mm* A. 140
Hunter to Castlereagh. Reports news of the embargo from 1808
Boston and of the escape of the French ship Patriot from the Chesa- January 5,
peaks. p. 34HaUfax-
Extract from the Columbian Centinel, Boston, 26 December,
1807.    Contains a letter on the embargo. p. 29
Hunter to E. Cooke.   Transmits a Halifax newspaper.   Expres- January e,
ses surprise that Wentworth has not heard from Hon. D. M. Erskine Halifax-
at Washington or from British consuls at New York or Boston.
p. 35
Extracts from a Halifax newspaper, showing opinion in the
United States as to the embargo and on the possibility of war with
Great Britain. p. 36
[Castlereagh] to Wentworth, No. 10.    [Draft.]   States that the January 24,
present crisis makes it advisable to have the civU and mUitary controlDowning 8t-
in Nova Scotia vested in the same person.   Lieut.-Gen. Sir George
Prevost has been appointed Lieutenant-Governor.    Wentworth wUl
receive a pension from British revenues, and Prevost wUl ask the
Legislature to supplement it. p. 43
[Castlereagh] to Prevost, No. 1. [Draft.] States that a pension January 24,
wUl be given to Wentworth. Directs him to ask the Assembly toDowningSt-
supplement this pension by a vote of not less than £500 a year. p. 218
[Castlereagh] to Prevost, No. 2. [Draft.] Transmits two January 24,
copies of instructions. One copy is to be forwarded to Sir James owmng
Craig. Prevost is to inform Craig and the British Government of aU
measures taken and is to give reasons for any departure from the
instructions. Gives directions which are to be foUowed if Craig
should die. If Prevost should be obUged to assume the Government
at Quebec, the Senior CouncUIor is to assume the civU government of
Nova Scotia, and Major-General Martin Hunter wUl command the
forces, if Lt.-Governor McCormick of Cape Breton is not available.
J. W. Desbarres on whom his government should devolve is needed in
Prince Edward Island and wUl be instructed to remain there. The
Chief Justice of Nova Scotia is not to act as Administrator. [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 219
[Castlereagh] to Prevost, No. 3.    [Draft.]    Transmits an instruc- January 24,
tion under which Major-Gen. Martin Hunter wUl assume the Govern- Dowmng st-
ment of New Brunswick, during the absence of the Lt.-Governor.
President G. C. Ludlow's refusal to caU out the militia has made it
necessary to unite the mUitary and civU governments.    [Enclosure
not at this place.] p. 221
Prevost to Brig.-Gen.  Stewart.   Reports delay in sailing ofp^^^
troops for Nova Scotia.   Asks permission to proceed to Bermuda
without wait