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BC Historical Books

Report of the Work of the Archives Branch for the year 1912 Public Archives of Canada; Doughty, Arthur G. (Arthur George), Sir, 1860-1936 1913

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Dominion Archivist.
; [No. '29b.~.1912^^iae, SO cents,    j  3 GEORGE V;.
Dominion Archivist.
[No. 15.—1912.]  SESSIONAL PAPER  No. 29b
To the Honourable Louis C<
Secretary of State..
—I hai
ly impc
to the
gs and
the c
the arcl
ives of
the honour to submit the followin
the year ended March 31, 1912.
report of the operations of the
idditions were made during the year to the division of Manu-
livision and to the Library; and several exceedingly scarce
id prints relating to Canadian history were added to our collection,
of the Gentlemen of St. Sulpiee access has been obtained to
eminary at Montreal. The Sulpicians have been Seigniors of
nee the foundation of the city, and naturally the Seminary has
become the depository of an extensive and valuable collection of documents bearing
on the history of Montreal during the past two hundred and fifty years.
The generosity of the Gentlemen of the Seminary in placing copies of these
documents at the disposal of the Archives will be greatly appreciated by all students
of history. The task of investigating the records has been assigned to Mr. J. C. 0.
Bertrand who has received much valuable assistance and advice from Mr. Hebert,
the registrar, and Mr. Henri Gauthier, the archivist of the Seminary.
-A list of the documents already transcribed is given in Appendix C to this
The work of copying records in other places in the Province of Quebec, and also
in Ontario and in the Maritime Provinces has been vigorously prosecuted. From the
Province of Nova Scotia we have received several important collections of documents, including the private papers of Joseph Howe, the gift of Mr. Sydenham Howe,
and those of George Johnston, the gift of his estate. By the use of the photostat now'
in operation at the Archives copie3 of documents can be made by photography at a
great reduction of time and labour, with the additional advantage of an exact reproduction of every feature of the original.
It is the intention of the Department to install a photostat in the Province of
Quebec and one in the Maritime Provinces.
Several documents of special interest are printed as an appendix in addition to
the lists, and summaries of documents received.
During the past year a calendar of the maps in the Archives has been published,
and three volumes of much historical interes
of Constitutional Documents, (2) a volume
lation, (3) Documents relating to the War c
1867 to date is in preparation.   I have also 1
i the press—(1) a second volui
ments relating to Prairie Legis-
A catalogue of pamphlets from
wledge the generous gift of Mrs. CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
Marslin of a number of souvenirs presented to her by different members of the Koyal
My consisting of books and pictures, a gift prompted as the donor states, by
her^Ppreciation of the position Canada is taking as a member of the Bntxsh^Emprre;
and some papers and interesting water colours by Srr Edmund and Lady Head,
the gift of Miss Head.
A list of the several appendices to this report, lettered from A to N, is subjoined.
I have the honour to be, sir,
Tour obedient servant,
A. Documents added to the Manuscripts Division.
B. Maps added to the Map Division.
C. List of documents copied during the year from the Archives of the Seminary
of St. S'ulpice, Montreal, dating from 1636 to 1763.
D. List of documents in French Ministry of Foreign Affairs relating to negotia
tions between France and England, 1629-1633, followed by copies of
certain of the pieces catalogued.
E. Journal of the Expedition under Sir William Phipps against Port Royal,
Two letters on the same subject.
F. Account of the taking of Port Royal by the inhabitants of Boston and Salem
under command of William Phipps, 21st May, 1690.—Extract from the
narrative by M. de Gouttin of the taking of the fort of Pimiquid.
22nd August, 1606.
G. Letter from Captain Nicholson, dated James City, Virginia, 4 November,
1690, to the Lords of Trade and Plantations.   CO. 5, voL 1305.
H. Report by Capt
Nova Scoti«
• Shirlej
ale for Protestant settlers.
L Correspondence of General James Murray, 1759-1791.
J. Correspondence exchanged in the years 1761 and 1762 b
l his survey of lands- i
K. Men
the Comte de
Viry and M. Bailli de Solar, representatives of the Kingdom of Sardinia
at the English and French courts respectively, preparing the way for
direct peace negotiations between France and England.
relating to the Church in Canada, from the earliest times to
L. Abstract of Political Correspondence relating to the United States (1778-
1780) in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France.
M. Correspondence  and Journals  of  Bishop  Inglis  of  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,
N. De Salaberry Letters, 1795-1829.
O. Patent of Nobility to Robert Gifford, Seigneur of Beauport. CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
Public Record Office.
Despatches of Dorchester and others to the Board.of Trade and the Secretary
for War and Colonies, 1786-1808.    CO. 42, Vol. 12.
Canada, Miscellaneous, 1660-1764.    CO. 42, Vol. 13.
Quebec, Miscellaneous, 1767-1780.   CO. 42, Vol. 14.
Canada, Miscellaneous, 1781-3.    CO. 42, Vol. 15.
Quebec, Miscellaneous, 1784-5,    CO. 42, Vols. 16-17.
Despatches from Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia to the Secretary of State
for Colonies, 1812-1814.    CO. 217, Vols. 90-95.
Despatches from Lt.-Gov. of Cape Breton to the Secretary of State for Colonies,
1811-1817.   CO. 217, Vol. 129-1'35.
New Brunswick.    CO. 188, Vol. 36, 1827.
Board of Trade correspondence, 1689-1794.    CO. 5, Vols. 1-10.
Logs of British Fleet, 1813-1815.     |
Captains' Logs, 2398.
' 4488.
Master's Log 3928.
Statement and Journals of Commissioners under the 5th,
the Treaty of Ghent.    1816-1818, (1829).
Hudson's Bay  Company  papers;   charters,  petitions  an
1689.    CO. 135, Vol. I.
Audit Office, Vols. 5 and 59.   American Loyalist Claims.
" Vols. 7 and 60. "
Vol. 10.
Vols. 11 and 61. <•"
Vols. 12 and 62, |
Vol \5.
Vol 16. «
Vols. 18 and 63. "
Vol. 23. «
Vols. 25 and 26. «
I Bundle 76. «
Selkirk Papers, Vols. 71-78.
6th and 7th articles of
liscellaneous,  1670-
Edinburgh University. SESSIONAL PAPER  No. 29b
From British Mus
The Brown collet
scripts 19069 to 19074.)
From Mrs. Murray of Bath, England.
List of General James Murray's papers.
Letter Book, 1759-60.
Letter Book, 1763-5.
Letter Book, 1780-6.
Various letters, 1766-1788.
Several bundles of correspondence, 1759-89.
From the Hudson's Bay Company, London.
Journal at York Factory, 1714-16.
From Lansdowne Souse—Shelbume manuscripts.
Viry-Solar Papers, Vols. 9-11, 1761-62.
American Correspondence, Vols. 12-33, 1763-1766.
Vols. 35-41, 1754-1782.
Vols. 51-63, 1715-1767.
From the Register House, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Correspondence relating to appointment of C C Bird as Surveyor of the Woods
in Canada, 1782, 1783.
From France.
Archives des Colonies.
Ordres et Depeches du Roy concernant les Colonies:—
Serie B, vok
nee If
I         Yt
"     1
'     1
'     1
|         volume
t     j>
1737 (t]
leux parties.)
Manuscrit frs
volumes   66-67,
Bibliotheaue Nationale.
lis No. 4569.
"   12081-12085.
Collection Clairambault, vol. 1016.   Extrait concernant les pecheries de Gaspe
Archives du Ministere de la Marine.
Extraits des series B1 B2 B3, relatifs aux pecheries de Gaspe. CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
Affaires Etrangeres.
Memoires et documents, Amerique, volume     IX, 1749-1752.
| ^ « « " X, 1753-1771.
« « « | XI, 1713-1771.
« « "   XVn, 1784-1823.
« « " "       XX, 1717-1819.
politique, Angleterre, vol 35, annee 1625.
. " " vol.36, annees 1625-1626.
" " vol.41, annee  1626.
| " vol.43,     "      1629.
» " vol.44, annees 1630-1632.
» | vol.45,     "      1632-1666.
" 1 vol. 63, annee  1654.
Etats-Unis, vol.  4,     "      1778.
I I        vols. 7-11,"
.4rc7m>es Nationales.
Documents concernant le  Seminaire  du   Saint-Esprit,  Paris,
S'erie MM. 493.    Documents concernant le Seminaire du Saint-Esprit, Paris,
Carton S. 6847.    Documents concernant le Seminaire du Saint-Esprit, Paris,
Carton S. 6848.    Documents concernant le Seminaire du Saint-Esprit, Paris,
Seminaire du Saint-Esprit, Paris.
Histoire de la Congregation du Seminaire du Saint-Esprit, 1 vol.
Histoire de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, 1 vol.
Ministere de la Guerre.  ■
Archives historiques, vol. 3498, piece 184. Lettre de M. Doreil au Ministre:
lecit de la bataille de Carillon—M. de Montcalm est irrite de la conduite
de M. de Vaudreuil a. son egard.
Depot des Fortifications des Colonies.
From Sources in Canada.
From the Governor General's Secretary's Office, Ottawa.
Despatches from the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General
of Canada, 1868-1870, 18 vols.
Commission and Instructions of Sir John Young, and miscellaneous correspondence, 1869-1870.
Letters received by the Governor General's Secretary (H. Littleton), 1869-78.
Department of Militia and Defence.
Militia Orders (printed), 1899-1908.
Militia Orders (drafts). 1905-1907.
Returns showing number of men trained in 1902-1903
Annual returns of Permanent Corps, non-commissioned officers and men, 1902. I  SESSIONAL PAPER No. 29b
Receipts for Commissi'
Receipts for Warrants,
Recruits enlisted, 1909.
Returns of Courts-martial, 1909.
Descriptive reports of Deserters, 1909.
Receipts and Expenditure of Canteens, 1909.
Leaves of absence, 1909.
Reports on Drills, Lectui
Lnnciers  non-com-
910, 4 vols,
lification, 1908.
:., 1909.
From Montreal.
rtoire de l'H6tel-Die
3ort on the Archive!
de Montreal, ainsi
risters of the sick so
ter from Genl. Jam
L (suite).
1-Dieu, Montreal.
Copied in the Archi
f the Court 11 <
le Seminaire de Saint-Su
■ 17
» 1760.
■ay, dated Quebec, 12th Oct., 1769.
Campagne de 1759. Livre d'ordres de Tarmee francaise. Copied in the Historical Society of Montreal.
Campagne de 1760. Livre d'ordres de l'armee francaise. Copied in the Historical Society of Montreal.
Ordonnances et Reglemens .pour le gouvernement de Montreal faits par ses
gouverneurs, sous l'administration Militaire du Canada, pendant les quatre
annees qui ont suivi la Conquete. Extraits d'un Registre officiel du terns.
Lettres de Salaberry.    Copied in the Historical Society of Montreal
Order book kept by Captain R. de la Bruere, 1812,   Copied in the Historical
Society of Montreal
From Quebec.
Registre   d'Audiance   du   Conseil  Militaire  de   Quebec   (suite),   30-9-1761   au
13-2-1762.      '
Procedures contre Vergor et Villeray pour reddition de Beausejour.
de la Riviere-Ouelle (La Bouteilleraie).
de La Pocatiere.
i were copied in the Archives of the Province of
p la perte du
Papier terrier de la sei
(The four preceding d«
From Three Rivers.
iverses annees, 1654-171
Proceedings of the Courts, Ge
and Eastern Districts, 1S2j 1Q CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
Proceedings of the Courts, General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, Lunenburg
.and Eastern Districts, 1835-1849, vol. 4 «
Cenealoev of Sir Jeffrey Amherst of Riverhead, County ol Kent, Lr.lJ.
Mne original papers presented by Lt-Col. A. P. Sherwood, C.M.G., being deed,
of grant and sale of land between 1797 and 1820.
Correspondence of the Hon'ble. Wm. Morris; private political_ and official,
between 1822 and 1873. Typewritten copies presented by Mr. Moms, ot loronto.
Alicia Cockburn's letters from Montreal, 1814.
Diagram of Torbolton township.
Militia roll of Carleton County, 1855.
Short history of Carleton County, by Chas. MacNab.
Account of John Wilson's duel, 1833.
Minutes of the Council of Assiniboia, 1861-1869.
Minutes of the Council of the Northwest Territories, 1873-1875.
Several letters relating to Chiniquy, 1849-1856.
Memorandum on applications for Railway Crossings made to Privy Council,
Copy of papers relating to the Rebellion of 1837-1838, Upper Canada.
Two catalogues of plans, maps, views, &c, by P. L. Morin.
Papers relating to Lieutenant Peter Trounce.
Two grants of land, on parchment, to Catherine and James Dingwall in Montague and Kenyon townships respectively, 1801-1807.
Correspondence of Bishop Inglis, 1775-1837. Journal, 1785-1786. Memoirs,
1808-14.    (Received from the Venerable Archdeacon Armitage, Halifax.)
From W. F. Ganong, Esq., the Clairambault papers.   .
Copies of marriages, registered in the office of the Clerk of the Peace of the
District of Johnston, and the Counties of Leeds and Grenville, 1801-1872.
.    Diary of Chas. P. Treadwell, 1828-1829.
Rural Mail Delivery. A compilation of newspaper articles, &c, by Geo. Wilcox,
of Springford, Ont.
Certificate by Bishop Mountain, 18th October, 1812, that the Rev'd. J. G. Weagant
is a Deacon.
Printed advertisement of the Canada Land Company, containing a list of land
for sale, 26-5-1859.
Poll Books of Carleton County, 1854-1874.
Poll Books of Russell County, 1854.
Genealogie du diocese de Rimouski, par l'abbe Carbonneau.
From Mr. Neweombe, Deputy Minister of Justice. Ottawa.—Report of investigation of the Quebec Turnpike Trust.
Memoires sur l'Eglise du Canada, par l'abbe. Paquin. Received from abbe A.
David, Detroit, Mich.
From the Ordnance Dept., Kingston.—Seventy-four volumes of correspondence,
&c, of the principal officers and commissioners of the Navy to the naval
officers in Canada, 1814-1817.
In all 201 volumes were deposited on the shelves.
Progress in Indexing Material.
Index cards for the manuscript division, typewritten, examined, classified and
placed m their respective drawers since the last report, 88.833, divided as follows :-
C Series	
S. Series                                             " Zl^f
Miscellaneous    '       i'iqk
During the year, the number of inquiries for information has been greater than
in any preceding year. Amongst the numerous subjects on which information was
sought and given may be cited the following:—
The several British and Militia regiments which took part in the Revolutionary
War;  .also those that came here during the War 1812-15.
The United Empire Loyalists.
The French Seigniorial grants in the State of New York, on Lake Champlain.
The Scotch settlement in Glengarry.
The Old Fort and the Seigniory of Chambly..
The Old Fort of Saint Jean and the Barony of Longueuil.   s
Champlain's voyage up the Ottawa in 1613.
Land grants in different parts of the country.
The Seven Years' War.
The American War of Independence, War of 1812-15, The Rebellion 1837-38,
The Red River Rebellion, 1869-70, and the Northwest Rebellion, 1885.
Temperature and rainfall records in Canada before 1860.
The Queen's Own Canada Hussars.
The First or Prince of Wales Rifles, Montreal.
The Garrison Artillery of Montreal, No. 5 Battery.
Information on Constitutional questions.
Names of the officers who fought with Montcalm at the battle of Carillon.
Names of persons, military or civil (English), who remained in Canada after
Wolfe's death.
Information re Joliette and the Beauport family.
Date of the first Thanksgiving Day in Canada.
Treaties or agreements with the Indians, re hunting and killing fur animals,
cession of tracts of land, &c.
List of citizens of York, U.C, who were mustered to serve in the War of 1812.
Information re the Shoolbred Seigniory.
Origin of the name of Saint-Armand, applied to a Seigniory of Lower Canada.
Early history of Turkey Point or Council Bluffs, on Lake Erie.
Surveys in the field of the township of Grenville, L.C
information as to whether Felix Poutre acted as a traitor after his liberation
from prison.
Information re Henryville and the Parish of St. George.
Was the Frontenac (the first steamboat on Lake Ontario) built at Furkles Point,
near Bath, in 1817*
The Lundy family and the early settlers in Stamford Township, U.C
The Duke of Kent and his relation with Mde de St-Laurent.
The Fenian Raid and those who were called to oppose the invasion.
Sir Francis Hincks' career between 1831-1842.
The regiments which were doing garrison duty at Quebec between 1840-1844.
Biographical .sketch of Jacob De Witt, once a member of parliament in Lower
Early days of the Baptist Church in Canada.
Origin of place names in the county of Grey, Ont.
The Military Government in Canada, 1760-1764.
The Order in Council of the 9th of November, 1789, relating to the Loyalists.
Exemption of taxes on property belonging to the Congregation of Notre-Dame
of Montreal, in Lord Dorchester's time.
The Hon'ble. Thomas Treadwell and the Seigniory of L'Orignal.
Records of marriages performed in Toronto between 1820-1830. CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
As to when and by whom was the old Fort Erie built.
Information re Joseph Chew, Secretary, Indian Department, and his family.
The services of the 12th Regiment of Militia.
Indian lands on the Grand River. .
Seigniories granted during the French Regime in what is now the Province of
Information on the Anderson or Wyandot Reserve of Indians, 1836.
Time of service of Major General Sir I. J. 0. Herbert, Bt., C.B., &c, as Commander of the Canadian Militia.
Early Copper mines in Canada. _
Exact place of the interprovincial boundary line between Carillon and Pomte
Lists of passengers who came from Rotterdam to Halifax and Lunenburg between
' Early history of the township of Granby, L.C.
Information re Jonathan Carver, the early western traveller.
As to whether Lt.-Gov. Henry Hamilton, who administered the government of
the Province of Quebec in 1784, had any title, military or civil.
Thomas Merritt and the Niagara Light Dragoons.
The Cozen's claim against the government in relation to a grant of land made
by Grant on the Grand River, in or about 1796.
Controversy between General Hutton and Colonel Sam. Hughes, in 1898.
Exact location of the Forts of Pointe-a-la-Chevelure and St. Frederic.
The Hudson Bay Company, its posts, governors, officials, &c, in the 18th century.
Order in Council of the 1st July, 1866, re boundary line between Upper and
Lower Canada.
Explorations of the Hudson Bay and the Northern Seas.
Proclamation on which the Townships of Dysart, Dudley, Harcourt, Guilford,
&c, in the Provisional County of Haliburton, Ont., were formed into the
United Township of Dysart for municipal purposes.
As to the old blockhouse built on St. Helen's Island.
Names of persons who came from Picardie, France, to settle in Canada, under
the French Regime.
The Arms of Canada and Provinces.
Treaty or cession whereby the Crown procured the Indian title to the lands lying
westerly of and adjoining the Niagara River.
Fire at Crown Point in 1773.
Nom-The catalogue of the M. Series, stated in last year's report, to be in
course of preparation, has been finished, and proves of much help in making
•July 6..
Aug. 16..
.Sept. 20..
nterior Dept.
Pub. Rec. Off., London.
Pub. Reo. Off., London.
Col. Office, London.
[Map of Canada ..-.	
ii Minerals	
B. C. Railway Belt. 3rd Edition 	
Moll's Map British Dominions 1715	
.  General Map of North America, Russell 1794	
.   Frontier of N. W. Colonies, G. Johnson 1768	
British and French possessions in N. A. 1761   	
Northern Regions.    (Pond's Map)	
Accurate Map of Canada 	
Isles of Montreal by French Engineer	
Town and Fortifications of Montreal or Ville-Marie..'	
Maps French Colonies par M, Bonne 1772	
America-Hudson Bay etc. 1666-1683	
With Report of Interior Dept. 1909	
Plans etc. Naval Dry Dock, St. John, N.B., 1828	
.  Town of Halifax, N.S., by M. Harris 1749	
.   Prov. of New Brunswick, T. Baillie 1829	
Line between Coys, of Carleton and York, 1S31	
Rivers S' Croix and Magaguadavick	
Settlem'8 on road S' Andrews to S' John	
Parish of Portland, S* John Coy. Baillie	
Tay Settlement	
Section of country between Old Seignrl Sattlem18 and Mars Hill
Government House, Frederickton	
Plan of Port Daniel.    J. Collins, 1765..	
ii     Paspebiac     I |
!  Bay and Harbour of Gaspey, Collins 1765  ij
.Plan of Grand River „        ,,    	
.   Carte du Lac Champlain, 1752, Franquet Father O'Leary.
n    Pays des Cinq. Nations Iroquois | »
ii    d'une partie de la Nouvelle-France	
Montreal, Ottawa and Kingston Railway	
(Southern Alberta	
Abitibi Region, C.L.O	
Maps, South Africa *	
,,    B.C. and N.W.T 	
School Lands map, 1911	
!  Quebec Battlefields Park	
'   Plans Quebec and Prov. of N.Y	
Chartered Banks, Man., Sask, Alta	
Montreal, Isle Jesus etc	
Magdalen Isles.   Haldimand	
iBay of Chaleur, or Stirling Bay	
[Citadel, Quebec, 1767,	
Karten Alonzo de Santa Cruz	
Militia Surveys	
East and West Kootenay	
Maps with ' Place Names ', White	
Lakes Superior and Nepigon	
.  McKinlays, Maritime Prov8	
.  C.N. Quebec Ry	
Ontario and Quebec, Flour Mills and Elevators	
.  Temiscamingue Dis', 1910 *  .
i  Le Petit Atlas Maritime, Belhn	
. S. P. Cook.
Interior Dept.
. Interior Dept.
. Q.B'flds Com".
rior Dept.
. ICol. Office.
Pub Rec. Off., London.
Militia & Defence Dept.
'Colonist' Office.
Geog. Board.
. Interior Dept.
. Dept. of Mines.
. J. E. Roy.
-Tan.   13..
Communication between Eastern Canada,  Ontario and Lake;
Huron '. f
jGround floor of House of Assembly, Que I CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
S' Andrews to Quebec R. R	
H. P. Biggar.
P' of Nova Scotia, McNutt, memo, 1766	
Cape Breton.    Ft. Swayne, 1813	
Plans Sydney, C. B., Court House, 1813.	
Fichot jusqu'a Orange, 1765	
Port Royal, Paquin, 1688	
Montagne Plaisance, L'hermitte, 1695	
L'Enclos                  ,.                   1690	
Mar. 14..
La Presentation, 1749	
Ville et Port de Louisbourg, 1779 :	
Shegnekto Bay, 1755	
Ottawa, Montreal and Georgian Bay Canal 	
Plan of Detroit ;
P. W.'bept.
J. C.'Herbin.
Miss Stuart.
Interior Dept.
ii        Horton, N.S	
Cereal Map of Saskatchewan	
Atlas of Canada, 1910	 ESSIONAL PAPER No. 29b
13 fevi
13 fevi
18 juillet.
Extrait des deliberations de la Cie de la Nouvelle France:—Concession f aite a. M. de la Chaussee de l'Isle de Montreal.
H. Cheftault.
Jacques Girard Denis, Sieur de la Chaussee, fait par devant no-
taire une declaration en faveur de Mr de Lauzon au sujet de l'Isle
de Montreal.—Copie collationnee. Casson.
Cession et donation de l'Isle de Montreal par Mons. de Lauzon
a. MM. de Faucamps et de la Dauversiere.—D§ux copies collation-
Concession de l'Isle de Montreal par la Cie de la Nouvelle France;
suivie d'une note de Paul de Chomedey, sieur de Maisonneuve, di-
sant que cette copie a ete f aite par Mr Closse.
Paul de Chomedey.
Concession par la Grande Compagnie de la Nouvelle France de
l'Isle de Montreal. signe       Cheffault.
Lettre du Roy a. Mr de Montmagny ou il accorde la permission a.
Messieurs de Montreal de batir un fort.—Copie collationnee.
Ratification par le Roy du don de l'Isle de Montreal a. M. M. les
officiers.—Copie collationnee. Palentin.
Lettres Patentes du Roy sur le meme sujet. Daguesseau.
Acceptation de la donation faites aux Associez de l'Isle de Montreal.—Copie collationnee. Peuvret.
Louis XIV a Mr Lauzon:—Permission de fonder un magasin a
Montreal, lui recommande le bien de la.religion.
Concession du reste de l'isle de Montreal et des 500 arpents reserves sur la montagne.' Peuvret.
Concession pour M. de faucamp enregistree au Conseil.     Peuvret.
Lettres Patentes de la donation de l'Isle de Montreal au Seminaire.—Copie collationnee en 1821. Dalhousie.
Donation de l'Isle de Montreal au Seminaire par M. M. les officiers.—Copie collationnee. Le Vasseur.
Autre copie. Daguesseau.
Commission du gouvernement de Montreal a M. de Maisonneuve.
de Mezy.
Arret du Conseil pour faire apparoir les titres de la concession de
l'Isle de Montreal. _ signe       Peuvret.
Extrait des Regres du Conseil: au sujet des plaintes du Seminaire
concernant la Justice Royale et arret du Conseil donnant droit au
Acte de Foi et Hommage au Seminaire.—Sur parchemin.   Becquet.
Concession de trois Islets au Sieur de Bellestre.
celle. 1673.
20 septembre.
4 novembre.
10 novembre.
7 avril.
sans date.
s donner les lies de la
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
Papiers qui sont dans l'inventaire de Paris et qui manquent dans
celui du Canada.
Concession des Hes de la Presentation a. l'Abbe de Fenelon.
Donation des Isles de la Presentation au Seminaire par l'abbe de
Fenelon.—Cpoie collationnee. , v??88?*
Lettres Patentes portant confirmation de la. donation de 1 Isle de
Montreal au Seminaire de St. Sulpice de Paris.
Enregistrement au Conseil de ces memes lettres patentes.
Frontenac a. Mr Dollier.—II lui promet <
Riviere des Prairies au Seminaire.
Duchesneau a Mr Dollier:—II lui promet de donner les lies de la
Riviere des Prairies au Seminaire.
Concession au Seminaire des lies autour de Montreal.   Frontenac.
Idem. Duchesneau.
Confirmation des titres de St Sulpice et dispense de foy et hom-
mage. BeS°n-
Lettres patentes autorisant le Seminaire a. vendre le no 38 En
Vflle a rentes constitutes, signe       Victoria.
Daly. Secy.
Extrait de l'inventaire des papiers du Canada qui sont au Seminaire St-Sulpice concernant la propriete et la possession de l'isle de
Montreal de 1635 a. 1688.
Seize reconnoissances de colons qui admettent avoir recu des gratifications de Mr le Gouverneur de Montreal pour s'etablir dans l'Isle.
Paul de Chomedey, Charles Le Moyne, L. Closse.
Proces Verbal de l'emprisonnement du sieur Migeon de Bransat,
juge. Basset.
Memoire de quelques faits qui se sont passes a Montreal dont on
se croit oblige de rendre compte a. Monseigneur Colbert.
Memoire contre Mr Perrot gouverneur de l'Isle de Montreal presents au Marquis de Seignelay en 1682.
Vingt Cinq conges aceordes par le Roy aux habitans pour faire
la traite avec les sauvages. Lefebvre de la Barre.
Edit Royal pour enfermer tous les mendians valides ou invalides
et les employer aux travaux.
Etat et description des biens meubles et immeubles appartenant
aux Ecoles de Ville-Marie, presente a Monseigneur l'Eveque de
Quebec par Messire Leonard Chaigneau pretre,—Ordonnance de
l'Eveque a, ce sujet.
Plusieurs procurations de M.M. Tronson, de Bretonvilliers et Le
Chassier en faveur de M.M. Dollier, Souart, Lefebvre et de Belmont
pour l'administration de la Seigneurie de Montreal.
Ordonnance defendant de couper du bois sur les terres des parti-
culiers et des seigneurs pour faire des canots. Raimbault.
Lettre circulaire de Begon aux Communautes religieuses leur demandant de produire leurs titres selon le desir du Roi.
Memoire du Seminaire au sujet de la contribution de 2000 livres
imposee aux Seigneurs de Montreal pour les fortifications de la Ville.
Memoire au sujet des enfants trouves qu'il faudra confier a l'ave-
nir a l'hopital general des Soeurs Grises, tel qu'arrete par ordre de
son Excellence Monsieur Gage. CANADIAN ARCHIVES
Une quinzaine de lettres du Comte de Maurepas a. Mgr de Pont-
briand concernant les affaires ecclesiastiques du diocese de Quebec.
Serie de pieces concernant 1'affaire des biens de St Sulpice: me-
moires presentes aux autorites imperiales plaidoyers juridiques et
lettres sur le sujet.
Copie des articles de la capitulation de Montreal; parait avoir ete
faite au temps de la conquete.
Vingt-cinq ordonnances de Talon, Frontenac, Duchesneau, Begon
et autres; pour la plupart encore inedites; concernant les affaires
plus partioulierement de la ville de Montreal.
Une cinquantaine de pieces concernant: 1° la Cession de 1764
faite par St Sulpice de Paris au Seminaire de Montreal. 2° la cure
de Notre-Dame.
Une cinquantaine d'arrets du Conseil de Quebec, sur divers sujets,
dont la plupart n'ont pas encore ete publies.
', Montreal, la justice sei-
Plusieurs pieces concernant le t
gneuriale et la justice royale.
Deux paquete de pieces concernant les fortifications de Montreal
de 1716 a 1758. Quelques lettres de Bigot au Seminaire sur la contribution annuelle des seigneurs a. 1'entretien des fortifications.
Un grand nombre de lettres des Messieurs de St Sulpice concernant les affaires generates de la Seigneurie, CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Political CorregpvndlenCe, EngVand.
English styl
Same  date.
Undated draft.
August .1!
July 20.
Vol. 43.
Memorandum respecting the restitution of New France, presented
to the Council of the King of Great Britain. p. 1
Reply of the commissioners appointed for foreign
affairs to five memorandums presented to them by the French Ambassador, s P- 3
Documents relating to the sending of three Capuchin fathers to
Quebec.                                                                                                   P- 6
Return of ships taken by the English since the conclusion of
peace. P- &
Draft of letter from the Venetian Ambassador in London to his
colleague in Paris. P- 1&
Articles of peace between the two Crowns, signed by the King
of England at Westminster. P- 16
Draft of a letter from the Venetian Ambassador in Paris to his
colleague in London. P- 24
Declaration of the King of England re observation of the treaty
. of April 24, 1689.    (In Latin, with marginal notes). p. 29
Return of ships taken to Scotland since the peace (with notes).
p. 33
Memorandum re settlement of differences between France and
England. p. 36
Articles of peace between the two Crowns. Second part. (The
Articles are dated 20th May). p. 37
Arrangements regarding English people and merchandise in
Canada at the time of peace. p. 47
Treaty of peace between France and England.    (Latin),   p. 48
Power given to Edmonds to receive France's ratification.-
(Latin). p. 50
(a) Memorandum re the surrender of Quebec. p. 58
Declaration of the King for restoration of commerce with the -
English. p. 61
Articles asked to be granted by the Sr Quer. (Kirk) at present
commanding the ships near Quebec, of the Sra de Champlain and
Du Pont. p# 65
Articles granted to the Sra de Champlain and Du Pont. p. 68
Return of arms and other commodities remaining after the capture, both at Quebec and at the Fort. p. 70
(a) Articles of agreement between Sir William Alexander of Mens-
trie, etc., and the Chevalier Claude de Sainct Estienne de la Tour.
i marked (a) are printed in full at end of these lists. CANADIAN ARCHIVES.
July 23.
Chateauneuf, French Ambassador at London to Richelieu.
p. 77
August 6.
p. 93
August 22.
p. 114
August 27.
p. 123
Memorandum from French Ambassador in London to V
p. 136
September 10.
Chateauneuf to Richelieu.
p. 138
September 20.
Richelieu to Chateauneuf.
p. 148
September 24.
Draft                          "
p. 151
September 24-.
Chateauneuf to Richelieu.
p. 161
September 27.
Memorandum re proposals of the English Ambassador.
p. 180
October 7.
Chateauneuf to Richelieu.
p. 182
(a) Memorandum on restitution of Canada and Acadia.
p. 194
October 30.
(«) Report of the capture of Quebec.
p. 199
October 9.
Chateauneuf to Richelieu.
p. 203
October 19.
Dorchester to Chateauneuf.
p. 2-14
October 20.
Chateauneuf to Richelieu.
p. 215
October 18.
"                   '«
p. 218
p. 289
p. 237
p. 240
p. 260
1 p. 273
(a)                           > p. 268
(a) Memorandum respecting the restitution of New France, p. 293
(a) Memorandum of the French possessions prior to 1629.   p. 295
(a) Memorandum re Canada. p. 297
(a) Chateauneuf to Richelieu. p. 299
"                   I p. 304
List of French ships
Vol. 44, 1630-1632.
p. 3
P. 7
i leaving to be Eng-
(a) Chateauneuf to Richelieu,
(a) " to the King,
instructions given to de Fontenay-Mareuil <
lish Ambassador in Spain.
Chateauneuf to Richelieu,
(a)      " Bouthillier.
" Richelieu.
Reply to the English Treasury.
Chateauneuf to Richelieu.
(a) Agreement made with the S. de Montagu, Agent for the
of Great Britain, at Dijon, the last day of March, 1631.
(a)   popy of a letter wherein reference is made to the E:
claim to Canada.
(a) Articles agreed upon between the Kings of France and
(a.) Restitution of Quebec and Port Royal.
(a) Bouthillier to Chateauneuf.
(a) " Fontenay.
printed in full at end of these lists.
p. 64
p. 66
(a) Documents marked (o)
(a) Montagu (to Richelieu?)
(a) Demands of the French Ambassador.
Demands of the English Commissioners.
Fontenay (to Bouthillier?)
(a)    "       to Richelieu.
(Bouthillier?) to Fontenay.
, A. 1913
p. 91
p. 97
p. 100
p. 102
p. 103
p. 110
. 118
Fontenay to Richelieu.
(a) Copy of the order of King Charles I to the merchants of the
Canada Company. P- l^sO   !
(a) Extract from the English Ambassadors instructions.     p. 122
(a) Original Latin of the King's order to the Canada Company,  ]
for the restitution of Quebec. P- 123
(a) Order re restitution of Port Royal. p. 125
(a) French translation of order respecting Port Royal     p. 127
(a) French translation of the King's  order  to his  subjects  at
Port Royal. p. 189
(a) Weston, Lord Treasurer of England to Richelieu. p. 131
(a) Copy of Alexander's letter for the surrender of Port Royal
(translation). p. 132
(a)  Copy of the letter of the English merchants of the Canada
Company (translation). p. 133
May 22.
July 7.
Vol. 45.   1632-1633.
■ settlement of differences  between France and
p. 2
p. 4
List of acts relating to the restitution of Canada.
Treaty of Saint Germain-en-Laye.
Inventory of the documents entrusted to the Sr de Caen in order
to take possession of the fort of Quebec. p. 16
(a) Extract of a paragraph of a letter written by Monsieur Bouthillier to Fontenay. p> ig
(a) Montagu to Richelieu. p. 20
Burlamachi to Richelieu. p. 23
December 6.
(a) Documents
(a) Portland to Richelieu,
narked (a) are printed in full at end of these lists.
Selections from the Documents mentioned in the Foregoing Lists
of Contents of Volumes 43, 44 and 45.
Memorandum apparently by Champlain, relating to the
surrender of quebec.
On the twentieth day of the month of June seeing the extreme
necessity to which we were reduced [of feeding on] the Roots that
are in the woods after having been ten months only eating seven
ounces of pea flour a Day for each man I decided not to allow all
to suffer any longer [but] to remain with sixteen persons both in
the fort and in the habitation including two little Indian girls who
had been given me by the Indians to be taken to france and to send
all the rest of my Companions among the Indians who were to take*
them all and to give them [the means of] life, deciding to send the
Sr Boulle my brother-in-law in a little craft of seven or eights tons-
burthen with thirty persons to leave twenty at gaspay among the
indians giving in payment two Robes of Beaver-skins and in the craft
there were Five hundred Beaver-skins belonging to the Sr de Caen
having instructed the said boulle to go and look for a passage in
some ship to go to france or in finding none to take the risk of
crossing the sea to give information of the necessity in which we
were even if he were unwilling to Return to Quebecq to share in our
The sd. boulle left Tadoussacq for this purpose, the Twenty sixth
of the Month of July opposite mantane he met the Sr Emery de
Caen commanding a ship which was on its way to bring us help
and to take away the furs belonging to him in the cabin (Ihabita-
tion) of the little craft he took the Five hundred Beaver-skins that
were there and put them in his own [ship] This done the sd. boulld
got into a Boat to Come and bring me [the] news of the help that .
was coming to us by the sd. Sr emery de Caen and The seventh of
the sd. month of July the sd. boulle was taken from the boat by
Captain thomas who fired a Gun at him when trying to escape having discovered that they were Enemies and the sd. Sr thomas at once
manned a Boat with a double crew and chased the sd. boulle so hard
that they caught him and robbed him of everything which [he] had
in the said boat Both clothes and arms and from there [he] went to
find the general Kearke whom he told that the ST Emery de Caen
had told him that peace was made to which the general replied has
he the signed articles of the Said peace no not that I know to which
the sd. Gnal Answers that he believed Nothing of what was told him
him of it to guard [him, Boulle] and thus brought him to the port
of Tadoussacq with Six sailors.
The sd. gnal knowing the help that was coming to Quebecq from
the sd. de Caen and the extreme need the Sr de Champlain was in
both from the Indians and from several sailors of the boat immediately fitted out a flyboat and two pataches with twenty pieces of
iron Cannon and some two hundred and fifty men taking the risk
of sending the flyboat and her two pataches up [the river] to Quebecq which they did being quite near the habitation before we had
news of their coming which was the Nineteenth of July when they
at once summoned the sd. sr. de Champlain to surrender and hand
over the place to them by means of a reasonable Agreement offering
us every possible consideration. CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 191c
The Sr de Champlain after assembling the leading [men]  at his" jj
habitation and taking into account the utter want of food not being
able to resist or to subsist having neither provisions nor more [than]   I
• two or three hundred rounds of musketry help nor news of any one
who might be  coming resolved to accept the best terms they  could I
[obtain] and to this end the sd. Champlain set forth the articles of ;1
his demands which were answered by the Captains Louis and thomas
Kearke which the said Champlain accepted as hereinunder.
The next day [the] twentieth of the sd. month Captain Kearke
took possession of the fort and habitation as well as of the houses
of the Jesuit fathers recolletz and the houses of two families who
remained throughout in their homes or on their property they placed
guards and seized the arms and other commodities of the fort and
habitation as well as of all the furs both in the warehouses and of
Jesuit fathers who had three hundred and also of the Compagnons
de lhabitation to whom Captain Louis promised twenty crowns to
each one who would give up their robes of Beaver-skins which had
been promised them by the Agreement.
[They took] from the assistant Clerk named Corneille his Chest
a part [of which] was stolen from him contrary to the pledged faith
of the articles by a frenchman called le baillif a native of Amiens
who had been employed by the Sr de Caen in his warehouse in the
sd. Quebecq the which frenchman [who was] very wicked in his
life and in his morals [and] who is clerk for messieurs the English
in* the sd. warehouse is suspected of having stolen a Chalice worth
a hundred Livres from the recolletz fathers As well as a hundred
• livres in silver and gold which he stole in the night from the said
Corneille [and] gave him back the purse the next day notwithstanding this complaint was made to Captain Louis who remained
in command in this place [and] who made some enquiry about it
promising to make a closer one the fact remains that nothing more
has been done about it.
Captain Louis when paying a visit to the Jesuit fathers promised
them that nothing belonging to them would be taken in any way
whatsoever which was kept to seeing which the sd. fathers made him
the offer that if they had anything that pleased him he should take
it he asked for several books and pictures such as he wished for
which could not be denied him.
Also that which belonged to the recolletz fathers was preserved
to them except the silver-gilt chalice [which] as said was stolen
from them.
The sd. Captain louis gave me a Receipt for all the Arms and
commodities that were in the habitation.
I learned being at Tadoussacq that when the sd. Jesuit fathers I
took ship to come from Quebecq to the sd. Tadoussacq the Captain
louis wished to inspect their chest, and seeing there two silver-gilt
chalices with the cruets in a stand he asked to have the sd. Chalices
and wishing to handle them a Jesuit father named father masse
said to him sir those are sacred things do Not profane them, straightway said he profanely since you tell me that I shall take them
Because I do not believe and will take away the Idolatry The faith
which [you] put in these things that is why I take them which I
should not otherwise have done.
Moreover general Kearke Kept the Surgeon of the habitation
against his will a Carpenter a ploughman and a sailor telling them CANADIAN ARCHIVES
he would give them as much pay as they had from the french saying
he was forced to do this all the more that he had need of those [of
them?i[ on his ships.
I sailed from the sd. Quebecq in the flyboat with the Sr thomas
Kearke The XXILTJd 0f the said month July who also took the two
pataches with him after having unloaded them on the way at [a
distance of] twenty and four leagues from Quebecq we met the sd.
Emery de Caen who was coming up the River [and] who was
attacked by the sd. thomas Kearke and his two pataches [in which '
attack] he defended himself very well Until the sd. sr. thomas boarded
him in such fashion that they could not break loose from each other,
at last the sd. Sr de Caen not being able to contend against a force
much greater than his own, yielded on the same terms as those of
Quebecq the Which the sd. Captain thomas promised him and took
possession of his ship and of all that was in it taking it to Tadoussacq.
The Sd. general Kearke being returned from Quebec to Tadoussacq
told me I must give up the Receipt all the more that it was Important
to his brother and himself and that I must give it up to him not
being able to refuse in the Condition. I was in on his ships I placed
it in his hands We were a month longer at the sd. tadoussacq waiting till all the Supplies- were transported to the sd. Quebecq Which
being done we left the sd. port of Tadoussacq the third Day of
September to return to England where we arrived the thirteenth of
the month of October 1629.
between Sir William Alexander, lord of Menstrie Lieutenant of
Nova -Scotia in America for His Majesty of Great Britain and the
Chevalier Claude de Sainct Estienne Seigneur de la Tour and Char-.
les de Sainct Estienne his son the Chevalier [Sir] William Alexander son of the said lord Alexander above named. The said Lord
Alexander having by letters patent from the King of Great
Britain under the great seal of Scotland the whole of nova
Scotland and the country called by the french Acadia in America
belonging to him and to his heirs in perpetual fief and heritage and
having great .respect for the said Chevalier de la Tour and his son
as well for their personal merit as for their assistance in the better
discovery of the said country, the said Lord Alexander has given
and gives by these presents freely and fully and concedes to the sd.
Seigneur de la -Tour and his son and to their heirs or successors
perpetually and always all the country and Coast from the Cape and
River 'of Jugogon near the forked Cape in Nova Scotia known as the
country and Coast of Acadia following the Coast of the.Country
Towards the East as far as the harbour of la Tour heretofore called
Lomeron, and also beyond the said harbour always following the
said Coast towards the East, as far as Mireliguesche'near to la Heve
drawing fifteen leagues towards the north inland.
Item the said Chevalier de la Tour and his said son and their
successors shall hold and possess the whole of the aforesaid country
within the limits aforesaid of the King and [his] successors to the
Crown of Scotland in fief and title of honour and right of inheritance and may draw from the said countries and seas the fruits
profits emoluments arising Therefrom -;
leges which any Scottish Count or P-~
7ith all the rights and privi-
Baron holds or derives from the CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
•ding to the laws of the said country or letters patent to
1 by the Kings, the said Lord Alexander his Lieutenant
ertheless to himself and his successors the Lieutenancy
King b
them £
reserving i
Item the said Chevalier de la Tour and his son promise to be good
and faithful subjects and Vassals of the said King and to render
him all obedience and assistance in respect of the people towards the
reduction of the said country and Coast of Acadia, and maintain
good friendship and Correspondence with all the subjects who shall
be there settled and dwelling, shall maintain good and faithful
society, union and correspondence with the said Lord Alexander and
his successors and shall render them all the respect due [to them] as
Lieutenant of His Maj4-7, the said Lord Alexander also promising
on his part [a] like friendship society, Correspondence assistance
and protection of the said King and of himself his Lieutenant, And
the said Lord Alexander also grants to the said Chevalier de la Tour
and his son and gives them to them and their successors in perpetuity and for always the Vice admiralty general in all the Extent of
the said nova Scotia with the profits and emoluments therefrom
Item for the fur trade the said Lord Alexander and de la Tour
shall carry it on at their joint cost and share the gain and profit
thereof equally between them for the space of fifteen years, the
Which being elapsed shall carry on the said trade throughout the
extent of their limits each one for himself and if he so see good.
And as to the cost of settlements each one shall make them for
himself as well as all things generally whatsoever within their limits
and Jurisdictions the said Lord Alexander and de la Tour respectively promising to hold and maintain the content of the said points
[of agreement] the Said Lord Alexander promising to issue more
ample letters in good and .due form and to cause to be agreed and
confirmed by the said Lord King the aforesaid Content and the
whole sealed with the great seal of Scotland in witness whereof the
said Lord Alexander and de la Tour have signed the said points
[of agreement] with their hands the Sixth day of October one
thousand six hundred [and] twenty nine at Charlesfort at port Royal
and signed by the said parties.
Memorandum re the restitution of Canada and of Acadia
by the English.
In the Conference held last Thursday between Mess3 the keeper of
the Seals and marshal de Schomberg and the Agents of the King
of Great Britain for the settlement of matters relating to Canada
and to la Cadye.
The Agents offered to restore Canada without restriction and
asked that articles should be appointed on behalf of the two kings
to decide on their claims to port Royal Submitting as sole title A
memorandum sent by Mr Carleton and drawn up [by] Captain Alexander son of the Secretary of state of Scotland the person chiefly
concerned in the matter whereby They claimed to shew that the Scots
and English made the first landings in. the settlements occupied
prior to the war by the french and that consequently their right
was anterior to ours. CANADIAN ARCHIVES.
The keeper of the Seals Having examined their arguments Answered that it could not be replied by writing in such Wise as they
asked inasmuch as their memorandum was not authentic not signed
by any public minister That it was A loose sheet drawn up by A
private individual for his [own] Advantage [and] having no
foundation inasmuch as the dates were lacking and that they could
not shew at what-period the English planted their colony in the
places where ours [now] are.
He also stated that he had a document in latin whereby the decisive answer concerning the restitution of the places in la Cadye was
promised him within three months after the Day of its date which
delay had been asked for solely for the purpose of doing things in
an orderly [fashion] and to satisfy the Scotsmen who had borne all
the cost of the expedition [which was] leaving that there was no
further reason for postponement nor to put the matter in doubt or
The Result was that either the King of G.B. should Restore without delay the places taken from the french in la Cadye or that he
should not take it as a Breach [of peace] were we to recover them
by force, having no other Purpose than to regain our own wrongfully
Seized by certain individuals Who should not be upheld contrary to
the law of nations and to the Detriment of the union and public
peace which we desire to maintain with the scots our ancient friends.
And inasmuch as the English have always been in possession of
certain places in la Cadye wherein those who have been driven away
will be replaced on condition that they live as our friends and that
an agreement be reached concerning the bounds and limits between
the Ones and the others [between them and us].
That the restitution of the things taken which shall be still in
existence shall be carried out to the full and the value of those
which have been sold or removed by reasonable agreement and in
good faith and as shall be decided by expert and intelligent persons
concerning whom the princes shall agree and each shall also appoint
one of the subjects of the other [namely a] responsible man who
shall give surety and warrant for the execution of' the things
decided on.        •
That in the meanwhile all executive decrees, letters of marque
and reprisals heretofore granted shall be revoked and declared null
[and void] in order that matters may be amicably settled.
Thereafter the keeper of the seals • proposed to send a man to England with power to treat of all the points at issue between us and
accordingly appointed the Sieur de Caen who for various reasons
cannot be [considered] fitted for the task in question.
1°. Because he has no knowledge of la Cadye save by the accounts
of others having Never been in the places' [referred to] nor made
any settlements even in Canada Whither he has only journeyed as A
merchant who goes to do business and not with the purpose of
discovering the country and of establishing the French dominion
2°. It is manifestly contrary to the Interests of those of the
company who have dispossessed him and [since] he might out of
revenge or in the hope of recovery Throw matters into confusion
and break up their Association. WJ@*P$m
3°. Having an action against the merchants of London for the
Beaver-skins which were taken from him since peace  [was made] CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
which he estimates at Fifty thousand crowns Itl3 to be feared that
having the power at command being unwilling to lessen his claim in
any way He should hinder the settlement of the main treaty being
urged [thereto] by several persons Interested in His business.
The only person capable of treating and of conveying Instructions
to the Kings ambassador is the cap*- Champelain as [being] 2 the
one who made the first landings in the countries [in question]
founded the settlements built the forts and visited the harbours and
coasts of which He has a very exact plan and charts which he will
shew to Monseigneur the Cardinal if so desired and will give him
information concerning the condition of the country the situation
of the settlements of what should be done to maintain ourselves there
and to draw profit from it.
He has a share in the companye de la nouvelle france the Directors
of which have been instructed by Monseig1" the cardinal to attend the
naval council to morrow morning.
Deposition of Jan Descambours as to his detention at Rochelle and
failure to relieve the fortress of Quebec, etc.
On tuesday [the]thirtieth Day of October m vic twenty nine,
Before us Jan aveline &c.
Appeared Jan Descambours, Saying that he had embarked in the
month of march last in one of the pataches of the Sr de Caen commanded by him for the purpose of going to the assistance of The
fortress and habitation of Quebec in new france, And that being
about three hundred leagues at sea They were overtaken by so
violent A Storm that it carried away all their masts and all their
Sails whereby They were constrained to return to la rochelle where
the new company caused the Sd. Sr de Caen's pataches to be seized,
The which delayed them for more than fifteen Days. For from
thence ensued the ruin of new france, inasmuch as they went and
arrived in Canada two or three days after the English And had
they not been stopped at la Rochelle They would have arrived more
than ten Days before the english who having found the Wind fairer
in the river Sfc Laurens took the fort and habitation commanded by
the Sr Champlain by agreement [with its possessors].
[He] Said that his Captn having after two engagements fought
with the English passed thanks to the fog through the Sr Querc's
four ships at anchor off the moulin Vauldre And doing his best to
get up the River to precede the others who were in front of them
They learned from the Indians of the taking of the fortress as above
[stated], And [that] afterwards the said Querc having ordered the
ships which had taken the sd. .habitation to Coma and fire on the
patache of the sd. Sr de Caen sent down a Phlibot [fly boat] armed
with eight guns [and supported] by two pataches each armed with
four Guns and Came and fought the deponent's patache for the space
of Three hours, But A brother of the sd. Sr Querc, commanding the
sd. three Ships, seeing that they had lost seven or eight english He
caused the sd. Sr de Champlain to appear who came on deck and the
sd. Querc shouting, pledged his word that he would grant the same
terms as he had given to the sd Sr de Champlain, which the sd. He
Caen seeing and that there did not seem to be any possibility of CANADIAN ARCHIVES.
holding out Inasmuch as the whole of the sd. Sr Querc's force was
above them at the passage They agreed to surrender The terms
were that no englishman should enter the deponent's Ship until they
should have joined their general, and that no frenchman should be
robbed which was kept to.
[He] Said that the English have brought back about Five or six
thousand of beaver-skins belonging to the General de Caen, besides
those which they were able to trade with the Indians which are not
a great many.
Said that the english sent all their Provisions and goods to the
fort and habitation of Quebec, where They left Eighty or a hundred
English with sufficient ammunition for the protection of the sd. fort.
Said that in the Ship of the sd. De Caen There were five or six
men [who were] wounded in the last fight And seven or eight
english killed.
Said that the sd. english left in the sd. country the two pataches
which they had passed and another as well which they have taken up
to the sd. country.
Said that all the french both the sd. Sr de Caen and the Srs du-
pont and champlain embarked in the Ships of the Sr Querc who to
the number of Six ships & the Sr de Caen's patache set Sail from
Tadousac the XIII Dy of September and arrived' at the Downs
(ladune) in England on Satudday last the sd. Sra de Caen, Dupont
and Champlain having been taken to London, all the other french
landed at the Downs to return thence to france and he [the] deponent having embarked at dover to Come to this Town arrived there
To Day.
Said that he had no word of the new patache which parted from
them during the heavy gale and that it must be taken for certain
that she went down.
Said that the Captn Jacques Michel who took the english to Canada died there & was buried The which he has Sworn and affirmed
[to be] True, and signed.
Extract of ,
: Chateauneuf to Richelieu.
[The parts of this long letter which have been omitted have no bearing on Canada or Acadia. At the beginning of this document
there is a marginal note to this effect: The words | in cipher are
underlined in red."   They are here printed in italics.]
***! must now refer to the matter of St Christopher and Canada. In regard to the first, I was very glad to learn, as you were
good enough to inform me of the truth of what occurred there, the
Earl of Carlile* who is the only person Concerned having given
out that he had gained a great victory over ours by land, where there
were some four hundred left, and that having acknowledged their
fault, They had asked for peace, which the english are said to have
granted them and Imposed a kind of tribute for the lands they hold
in the Island; On my giving the King to understand that which
you told me about it, He said that he was better Informed than
I and told a story of a land battle and the great advantages which
his people had gained. Whereto I begged him not to trust the news
and to believe that I was telling him the truth, concerning which I
know that that very Day [when] supping with the Queen he found CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913 •
great fault with the Earl of Carlile who could not confess
to having been beaten for fear of discrediting his plantation which he hopes to sell to some merchants For tobacco
has decreased ten fold here in the last year. They are
therefore thinking of planting Canary Vines there instead
of tobacco. After St. Christopher I spoke to the King about the
restitution of Canada and [the] fort of Quebec shewing by the
capitulation that it was taken after the [conclusion of] peace. He
said to me The Scots claim that the french have formerly wrongfully taken [the country] from them, and that in the short while
wherein they can get back their own It must be allowed them [to do
so] and that this is not contrary to the treaty. I replied that I saw
he had been given Information on the matter at variance with the
Truth, but that I did not wish to enter into these disputes, to wit
who were the first to discover these lands, the french or the Scots.
It was Enough fox me to tell him that we were in possession of
Canada and Quebec before the war, that we have since been deprived
of it, that by the treaty we should be put back there, wherefore I
begged him to consider the matter simply and in good faith and to
order the restitution of it and of the goods that had been seized.
He told me that I was better Informed than he and that I was right
that his commissoners would settle this matter along with others
relating to trade. I know nevertheless that since [then] Those of
his council have wished to enquire into this claim on Canada, and
of nine who were present there were Six sufficiently Insolent to
wish to Maintain that they ought not to give up Canada to us.
But the three of whom the Lord Treasurer was one maintained
that it should [be] given up. They now desire that I should meet them
in order to advise as I told you how to make good what has been
i the
, Tha
[respect of] a general regulation of trade, which They neither look
for nor desire.   As to that which you sent me concerning the flag
and the [right of] search at sea, They will not hear of anything,
their purpose being to hold this matter in abeyance until they see
what they can expect [to gain] from the peace with Spain.   If that
is made the letters of marque [will] cease, if it is not made They
believe that we have such need  of their  su]
against the might of Spain that we shall willir
our subjects from  carrying  any grain or cloths
raise some difficulty about treating for the resti
perty without a general settlement were it not f(
For as for the ships which they hold here Th
sequence and [they] are being strongly urged:
chants [who are] Interested in those held at D
are of great value. I shall nevertheless have leii
discussions without binding myself [in any wj
King's wishes and yours, [as tolwhether I am to treat concerning
the private property [referred to] should they be unwilling to arrive
at a general settlement.   And whether in the event of my treating
for  them -and they give  me  full satisfaction in respect  of givino
bach the said ships and of Canada, I may also promise them the
return of the two [ships] which are at Dieppe vh?n all the goods.
The whole of this discussion bears solely on the recovery of these
nd assistance
ree to prohibit
lain.  I should
of private pro-
act of Canada,
of small con-
'hich they say
carry on these
two ships which are at Dieppe, otherwise I doubt if we should have
deeedrtheut thaU* ^ satisfaction from them. And we must here take into account
give me for the i1iai I Gan only obtain one promise of the restitution of Canada the
surrender of Can- performance of which can only take place next Spring, Which I beg
\tsh toVinsert a °* you, Monseigneur to consider and to give me precise instructions
clause reserving as to how I should act having nothing to hope for with these people
\ and here who are bold enough to shamelessly deny truth and right 'and
§ have made peace with us more out of shame and inability to make
<• than out of friendship and regard for the general good. As for
the Toiras ship the Lord Treasurer told me plainly that we must
look for it not of friendship and not by agreement, and on my asking him to explain he told me that there could be no friendship until
we should have removed' the Re flags which are in Nostre dame, 1
think I [already] wrote you that I fancied that this was what they
that case I do r
: know whethei
■ught to accept '<
•Autograph  from
London  this  18
November,   1629.
Your very humble most obedient
and most- obliged servant
Chateauneuf to Richelieu.
In regard to the matter of Canada I have told you what I have
done up to the present and how all the goods were seized and kept,
And that These Gentlemen of the council were putting off from Day
to day my admission to a conference with a view to straightening
out all that had been done since the peace, Which they have not yet
done their whole time having been taken up for the last fifteen Days
in Questioning those prisoners to whom I shall refer presently. I
have no doubt whatever so far as I can be sure of the fickleness of
these people Here but that I shall obtain an order for the surrender of
Canada into the hands of those whom it may please the King to send
thither, the performance whereof as I have told you cannot take
place before the month of April or May. The greatest difficulty is
to know what is meant by the words Canada or new france, I see by
the [letter] you wrote me by the hand of Mods* Martin that you specify Cape Breton and Laccadie, whereof being in doubt I have
begged the Sr Champlain, whom I would willingly have retained here,
to give rne in writing before leaving the names of the places and
coasts which I should claim as belonging to the King and should be
restored to him, Which he did a copy of which I am sending you
whereby you will see that neither Cape breton nor Laccadie are
included, and that he thinks, it sufficient that we should have the
right to go and fish there. I beg of you Monseigneur to have this
point enquired into with him [Champlain] and those who are familiar
with it in order to set the matter in the clearest possible light and
not lay claim to any thing which they can refuse us nor yet give up
anything which belongs to the King, or if you prefer that I should
simply without explanation on my part or on theirs be satisfied with
their declaring that Canada and the fortress of Quebec shall be surrendered to the King.   Which might possibly be the better [way] In ANADIAN ARCHIVES
any case J shall a
I can promise the
Dieppe as against
the decisions cone
by the next for 11
have difficulty in I
of the letters of re
except I be given
the King's behalf
marque to his sub.
at sea. I do not
this] they will di
are a self-willed P
who are hard and
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
regard to it. As also if
two ships which are at
vhich are adjudged here
Cardinal de Ei-
Dated 26 Nov. 16!
Monseigneur le Care
jil of the
The ambassador of france En
that it may please him to comn
with that which was promised
XXin April last Cap* Querck
such others of his subjects as t
there occupied and ir
The fortress and hab
Port roial taken and
Querck, And the coasl
liam Alexander since 1
fortification buildings
supplies, merchandise
time of the capture,
restore with all the fu
try, Together with pal
was brought to Engla
whe con
Jean de Luz of seventy tons burthen which was taken by the said
Alexander at whale harbour (au port des baleines) coasts of Cape
breton and a part of the men brought hither by Capt. Rouiere.
Memorandum of that which the french possessed for several years
in places, where previously [the] English had not been, except
within two years, when the late Captain Michel of dieppe conducted them thither, who died in this present year at Tadousac.
The Gulph  [of]  St. Laurens containing a circuit of some four
hundred leagues, wherein there are a number of Islands, such as
Anticosty, the Islands of Brion, Rames, S1 Jehan Miscou, Isle Persee,
Bonnaventure & others which are In the said Gulph & several harbours, where the french used to fish for Cod, all lying along the
coasts & rivers bays of the said Gulph, wherein flows the great river
hereon is situated the fort & habitation of Que-
d] Twenty leagues up the river.   All these places
I some, as Miscou, which was burned last year
settled by them.
Hon) of this Gulph is from Cape St. Laurens to
y of nineteen leagues between [the] two, & the
passage of the great bay to the North, [one] of ten leagues, and that
of Oanseau, of half a league.
Moreover that the fisheries shall be free, as it was wont to be
along the coasts of newfoundland & Acadia.
of [the] Canadas,
bee one hundred
were discovered,
Cape Raye t
The fort and \
rreat river St. I
peaceful Possess:
coasts by them ]
if the cod fisher;
jeyond the sd. (
far as Cape Raye
ed 1
. Quiii
To arrive whereat It
from the settlements
breton and at port
settlemente more tha
as It is Shewn by t]
Querck and wherebj
crowns and forbids 1
Whereafter It is fi
and habitation of Q
mobandum respecting Canada.
tation of Quebec in new france scituate in the
ms to be restored and the French to be left in
>f the great gulf [of] St. Laurens with all the
»fore inhabited and navigated for the exercise
d the trade in fuTs which extends in Longitude
of St. Laurens from Cape Race (de Ras) As
. the] coast of the great Island of newfoundland,
(over again) from Cape Breton As far as Can-
in continuation downwards As far as port roial
Lch these many years past, and from thence fol-
laceadie towards the St. John river and thereby
ii, which place of Quinibequi was wrongfully
l some three or four years ago in time of peace
is (only) Just that the English should withdraw
they have made this year on the coast of Cape
roial where they made two fortifications
is after the treaty of peace
der's let1 written to the Sr
the peace between the two
idations against the french.
urtenances of the said fort
h all the furs taken away
Laurens according to the
norandum of the aforesaid. CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913     \
Dec. 5, 1629.
My Lord
Since writing you my letter of the first which you will find with
this which will be delivered to you by the Sr de Caen whom I have
deemed it advisable to send to you, These Gentlemen of tiie council
notified me to attend their council the next day [the] third of this
month in order to communicate to me a despatch which they had^
received from the Sr Edmond Relative to a conference that he had
had with Monsieur Bouthilier to whom I am reporting on all that took
place in this council and on all the frivolous complaints they make
to me Whereby you may Judge of the fickleness and Inconstancy of
this nation, of the slight faith and certainty there is in treating
with them.    I will therefore not trouble you with it farther, This
[letter] being only to tell you of the declaration they have given -me I
in Latin of that which they had said to me two Days previously con-
cerning the restitution of the things taken since the peace, begging
me to regard it as merely a Draught of their Intention and to pay I
no attention to faults of words and phrases, whereof They told me
that when I should have considered it They would come to an agreement without [any] difficulty. There is something ambiguous and not
sufficiently explicit in regard to the abandonment of Cape breton and
Port roial As also in what they say of the surrender of that which
was taken at St. Christopher, which I intend not only to clear up,
but to finish altogether.   I know they have inserted it to please the
Earl of Carlile* who as I told you openly professes himself the
enemy of france and which would be a Cue and a pretext for Annoying us at every turn.    They are also making a difficulty about the
restitution of the goods taken and adjudicated between the XXIII
april and the XX May when the peace was proclaimed, all the more
that the Judges and the parties [concerned] say that knowing noth-
ing of the peace, the former adjudicated, the latter Sold The goods
and gave the sailors their share that it is Impossible to give them
back and  [that] two  [cases]  of this kind exist, as they also say
occurred at dieppe and that it was agreed to return two thirds and f
to lose the third which had been given to the sailors.   My opinion is \
that we shall have to adopt the [aforesaid] plan, You will see by |
means of the sd. restitutions what they [really] wish and likewise
the revocation of those letters of reprisals [issued] to Cadeau and
Launay, which as I told you in my former letters I shall make no 1
difficulty about consenting to If they are Willing to Come to a general settlement it being however only a question of the restitution-1
of the things previously seized without any assurance that they will 1
do likewise in future I am objecting to this, And were it not [for]
Canada I should be absolutely of opinion that we ought to refuse the J
revocation in question and even to come to any restitution except by 1
a general settlement, but as public affairs involve various considera- I
tions, you may possibly find it well that I should consent to the J
restitution of the things which they ask for and agree on a Day for I
Its being made.    In which case I beg that you will let me know
whether I am to promise the recall of the said letters [of reprisals] 1
For as they make this a condition in their written [statement], it 1
would also-be a condition on our part in order to oblige them to fulfil
all that they shall promise us concerning the surrender of Canada,
Cape breton and Port roial about which There will be difficulties i
enough here and over the places to be evacuated in regard to which
I think [that] it would be well that some of the King's Ships
should accompany those who shall go thither in order to carry out
promptly and powerfully that which should be [done] for when we
shall have done so They will hide it [the fact], If we are weak They
will dictate to us and this matter will never be satisfactorily settled.
The Sr de Caen who foresees nothing but difficulties [in the matter]
will discuss it with you should you wish [to do so]. There are
people over there who have served Monsr Edmond very ill, they have
written from there that in speaking to the King he said all the evil -
possible of the late duke of Buckingam* and of the power he
had over his Master who is not pleased at these tales. Made de la
Tremouille is one of the persons who writes most news from over
there and it [is] commonly [reported] by means of the merchants
[that] she is in correspondence with the Earl of Carlile*. This is
as much as I can discover, assuring you that I am
My Lord
Your very humble most obedient
and most obliged servant
5 Dec. 1629
Monseigneur the Cardii
al de Richelieu
At Court
CJiateauneuf to Richelieu.
Jan* 20, 1630.
My Lord
After the receipt of y1' last [letters] of the XXIX ultimo I carried
on several conferences with those of the council without [however]
getting any farther as you will the duplicate of the [letter]
which I am writing to the King. I do hot know what they will do
about Canada, but whatever they may promise me I shall hold
nothing for certain except we be in possession of it. For I see by
experience that all that they promise in word they render doubtful in
execution, whence the King's subjects find Themselves Daily cheated
by these people here who although to some They have given back
their ships after many complaints and proceedings, this has been
with so many charges and outlays that they would have done better
to abandon them from the first day they were taken, And since they
do not punish these pirates in any way, but rather shew them every
favour possible, This evil will never come to an end save by force
and protection which The King shall give His Subjects as I pointed
out to the King of Great Britain, who suffers himself to be led in
this as in all matters by those of his counsel who happen to be all
Partners and sharers in the captures that are made, and hold it for
a maxim of their State that as they are Islanders they must hush up
these piracies that are wrought by their Subjects in order to keep CANADIAN ARCHIVES
3 GEORGE V., A. 1913
them in the practice of the sea. It is all the harm they can do, for
of great purposes or of great undertakings whether of offence or
defence They are Incapable.
The Spanish ambassador is here without power to treat of or to
propose anything as He told me, but only to play the part of an
ambassador notwithstanding They have sent one thence to Spain to
treat of peace whereof they have no news as yet of its negotiation.
The said Spanish Ambassador has brought Mr Smith Bishop of
Chalcedon a Letter from the Nuncio who is in flanders, whereby he
suggests to him in order to put an end to the differences existing
between him and the regulars, to appoint two Bishops besides himself in England and to divide The Kingdom between three, who shall
be chosen from among the regulars. This [comes of]' a Jealousy
which the Spaniards have against the said Lord Bishop whom they
regard as french [in his sympathies] in order to lessen His power,
nevertheless He being weary of these quarrels gladly agrees thereto
and begs me to write to Monsr de Bethune to support this new
erection of two Bishoprics at Rome if it is proposed there. I have
told him that I would write to you about it and that you would
instruct Monsr de Bethune to act in the matter according as	
should Deem it fitting. I am still awaiting both Monsr de fontenay
and the capuchins who tarry too long and cannot ascertain whence
the cause [of delay] proceeds. I greatly regret however having
Sojourned so long and Uselessly and not to have the honour of Following in So glorious a journey as you are making whereof the
success is awaited with great expectation and Jealousy from over
there where the English ambassador who is in Savoy and must in
the ordinary course go to france has despatched a courier thence in
order to Learn how He should act in regard to you whereof I did
not meddle to speak, save when they told me the Reason for the
despatch of this courier, I said he was right being in a court where
the Prince and His children yield precedence to you without question
and even the Cardinal to whom the said Ambassador yields precedence on all occasions and that it would be very extravagant [for
him] to claim rank and equality with you. I do not know what ;
instructions they will give him, For since they are guided neither
by reason nor by decency I dare not hope anything, save if it please
your Lordship the continuance of the honour of your favour which I
shall all my life strive to deserve by my obedience and my services :
My Lord
Your most humble and most obedient
and obliged servant
London this
XX Jan17
To Monseigneur
Monseigneur the Cardinal de Richelieu 3ESSI0NAL PAPER I
In i
: the
10 I ha
red :
on this side to the King of Great Britain and those,of His council
in order to arrive at a satisfactory settlement which should make
trade between the Subjects of Your Maj* and his Subjects in conformity with the draught thereof which I sent to'the Cardinal
and to Monsr Bouthilier, The former having advised me that Y*
Majesty approved of it. Having however discussed it on several
occasions with the leading men of the council on this side, They
being at last convinced both of the reasonableness and the justice
[of it] gave me as a final answer that they were quite ready to order
the surrender and restitution of all that had been taken from your
Majty's Subjects since the peace, Even Canada and the goods brought
thence provided I could assure them that Your Majesty would on
that side surrender the two Ships taken by Cap* Bontemps, But that
they could not cancel the letters of marque which Jhey had given
against ships carrying provisions or munitions of war to Spain
which was an ordinary practice of their State, that they were moreover bound by the treaty which they made in the year sixteen twenty
five of an offensive alliance with the States [General] to continue
the said letters, that they could not therefore negotiate with me for
the revocation of the same, that similar proposals had been made, in
the time of the late King Yr Father to Queen Elizabeth by the S™
de Boissise and de Beaumont then Ambassadors here who were satisfied with like answers wherewith the late King found no fault but
continued to maintain peace and good friendship with the said lady
Queen even as they hoped that Y* Maj*7 would be satisfied with the
same answer which they were making me on behalf of the King
their Master, who moreover wished to give your Majesty all satisfaction and make a good settlement for the freedom of trade between
your subjects from one Kingdom to the other, Whereto I represented
to them The Result & consequence of this answer with all the
' discretion at my command in order to shew them that it would be
difficult [and] even Impossible that Your Majesty should suffer his
Subjects to be robbed and despoiled daily by the English without
assisting & defending them for the preservation of their life & of
their property, And that this defence could only be by force and
[by] using the same means and reprisals against the English which
would give rise to much trouble and misunderstanding between the
two Crowns, That the last breach which had occurred was due to
this Cause, That your Majesties had also provided by the last treaty
of peace for the necessity of settling that which related to trade and
to instruct your Ambassadors in this sense as I had been by yr
Majesty, so that not consenting to agree to this settlement, was
tantamount to saying that they would not implement that which
they had promised Whereof yr Majty would have Reason to complain
and their Master would be held responsible, That the practice of this
State which they alleged to me had Never been with us nor with our
consent Besides that they could not call usage nor practice a thing
which had Never been applied to us without constant complaint and
opposition and for so short a time that they could not count a whole are doing (
peace.   Wl
of it, as I shewed them by the remainder of our treaties and of
that which had passed between france and them since the treaty of
perpetual alliance which was in sixteen eighteen. But as they are
more set on their own way than on right, They held to their answer
hoping so far as I can judge of their conduct and the condition of
their affairs, that before your Majesty can decide what should be
done in regard to this proceeding, they will have,an answer from
Their Ambassador whom they have in Spain, That if matters tend
towards peace as They greatly wish, that all kinds of letters of
reprisals and acts of hostility will come to an end at sea, in such
wise as that Yr Majesty shall obtain that which he wishes, [and] If ,
on the other hand the war continues, they believe that Your Majty
is So much involved in the war of Italy against the house of Austria
that he would be very glad to make a league for the continuation
of the same with them, and go on gaining time with these arguments
without being willing to settle anything, believing however that they
: ha
l whe
s been taken since the
ot think Yr Majesty would
natures and conditions, To
noved thence, As also two
■ retu
any Conceivable cause for retaining them The
that whatever should have been taken after
of the same should be restored on the one
That in respect of the ships that were at d
laden with arms and munitions of war whicl
the Infidels and people with Whom we were
laws and ours the transport of arms and si
was forbidden, that the matter should be
when the parties could produce their reasons
s I insisted that Canada and the furs a
way to fish should be simply given up and
with that which had been promised by the t
dition, Whereto they put me off to discuss it
next day I took occasion to represent to the
all the objections which those of his council
I found greatly set on not giving way, notw
able to point out to him all the troubles that
procedure, Concerning which I shall await "!
tions without saying anything further, besid
it necessary [to' do so] it being merely fitting
devise means to prevent their doing harm c
jects, and thereby set them [the English] in
to reason as He will well know how to do v
Him this nation having Never been So wea
at present. * * * *
treaty sa
ying disl
he Day
of the s
side and
on the
eppe Th
ey were
they were carry
mg to
at war.
That by
ch like
to the I
for  Juc
and defend their
nd ships
taken 01
l their
in Comr
t this i
id made to me,
;hstanding that
anticipated frc
mr Majesty's instruc-
5 that I do not think
bat Yr Majesty should ]
damage to His Sub- .
order and bring them 1
• So
Feb* 20, 1630.     1
February 20, 1630."    I am however sending you this bearer who was sent to me by the j
Canada company to beg for its evacuation by the English.    Which'!
I have often done and in general terms.    They have always pro-1 CANADIAN ARCHIVES
. 29b
raised it to me as I have informed the King sending him the memo,
which I submitted, But .as it is a question of carrying It out They
wish to do so to The Letter that is to say to surrender to us the
fort of Quebec which the English took from us, but to make no
reference to Cape Breton and Port roial where they landed at the
same time as at Quebec, contending that being coasts abandoned
by the french, they did not take them from them and were therefore
free to land there. Yet nevertheless I learn from all those who are
familiar with Canadian matters, that their staying in those places
would be greatly to the detriment of the company's plans and even
of the fishery, Besides that it would be a disgrace to france to have
lost something by this last war, the English and Scots have some
ancient claims that these coasts were first discovered by them,
And we much more right to shew the contrary, But all this is
to go into discussion and conference while they are in actual
possession, which I have always declined to do, Insisting on the
terms of the treaty that things were to be restored as they were
before the peace, and that, after they shall have withdrawn, they may
have any conference they desire. They reply that this is good for
the fort of Quebec But that as for port roial, they have taken nothing
from the french there, and settled in An Uninhabited land where
They still are and promise to live in all good friendship and Understanding with us. On account of these Unfounded claims I am
putting off acceptance of the surrender of Quebec, for having submitted to them the memo which I sent you, If I agree to [take]
Quebec only, They will take my Silence or acceptance of part of my
demand as a recognition of their possession, and that the matter
having been arranged I was satisfied with Quebec [alone], Concerning which I beg that you will let me know plainly [what are]
the King's wishes otherwise I shall leave the matter at issue to .
Monsr de fontenay without accepting anything. I am nevertheless
constrained to add that they are making strenuous preparations to
send people there this year, And that unless you stop them it will
not be easy to get them away from there later on [and] even Impossible for this Prince to withdraw them [they] being all kinds of
vagabonds barbarians and savages from Scotland whom they are
sending there, and who are little skilled in obeying. *        •*
Endorsed: duplicate of the letr written to Monsr Bouthilier the XXth
fby 1630 to be sent to Monseigneur the Cardinal.
Memorandum of the Mutual Restitutions to be Made.
March 81, 1631. That the fortress of Quebec, Port roial, Cape breton and other
Page 72. places taken on the coasts of Canada and Laccadie by the English
and Scots since the .peace shall be surrendered with all the merchandise and other things even as has been promised by His Ma] y
of Great Britain by His answers made in His Council to the sieur
de Chasteauneuf in the year 1670.*
H   1630. A]1 the shipg and mtochandifle taken foom the french since the
peace Shall be given back as agreed with the sd. Sieur de Chasteauneuf in the same year. *Blank space.
1' GEORGE V, A. 1911
The regulation concerning trade Shall be made in Like manner
& passed as agreed to by the sd. Sieur de Chauneuf in the same
year, And in particular there Shall be granted Thereby the oreoall of
the let18 of marque and reprisals formerly issued to Marteau and
His most Christian Majesty will also on his part cause to be surrendered and given back the three ships taken by the french From
the English, To wit Called The Blessing and the*
~if they be still in existence or the price at which they shall have,
been sold on the authority of the Court.
For the carrying out of the things promised, their two Majesties
Promise to pass and sign the necessary documents within a month,
And within three months thereafter His Majesty of Great Britain
shall cause to be surrendered and given up, Quebec and Port roial
taken From the french And immediately after the said restitution
made The two Kings shall cause to be surrendered and given up
on either side all the ships & merchandise even as aforesaid And
for this purpose [there] shall be appointed two merchants on either
side who shall undertake The one in france and The other in England
to make good the price of the sd. merchandise and ships sold under
similar authority.
Endorsed Agreement drawn up between the Sr de Montegu and the
Agents of the King of G4 Britain at Dijon the last of
March 1631
Relative to the mutual restitutions to be made.
The 1 Day of April at the sd. place of Dijon this Agreement having been examined in the King's Council where
were [present] Monseigneur the Card"1, M51 the Keeper of
the seals, the M"1 de Schomberg, the Mal d'Effiat de Bullion
and myself, we rejected the sd. agreement and another was
made in presence of M. de Montegu, and of the srs. Augier
and de Vie Agents for the King of Great Britain.
Copt of a letter wherein reference is made i
claim to Canada.
the English
(Name of sender and addressee does not appear.)
I talked about . . . ago to the Marquis de Breze who told me
very frankly all that had taken place & [while] all ... is true
& without malice yet rumour which is always inventing something
new mixed up matters quite remote from one another both in time
and subject and has caused them to be received as [if] said at one
time & on one occasion & [I] cannot exonerate of great malice
[the person] who talked thus, things being as they are. As for
what he said concerning M. de la Mailleraye, He said [quite]
truly that he was a clever man & was very discreet, & [not] more
than half an hour later having spoken of very different matters [he] J:
began to talk about different kinds of minds, Whereupon the sd. Srde
Breze speaking of himself said that his mind was one that acted
without craftiness and quite sincerely Which had no connexion what- CANADIAN ARCHIVES
ever with that which had gone before & was quite irrelevant to it,
& yet the conjunction gives rise to a comparison & the bad impression
derived from it, wherein the malice consists.
In regard [however] to England, in saying that trade and commerce Shall be restored as it was heretofore I feaT lest that may
debar us from imposing the Duties whereby it is proposed to levy
on foreigners in our ports the same dues that they lay on us in their
state, for which reason I most humbly beg of you to consider whether
it might not be possible to insert some little word which would preserve your freedom & yet should nevertheless seem in no wise
other than in good faith,as [by] adding after these words: as it was
heretofore and in the same manner as with the other allies of france.
We have also learned that the english are making preparations
to conquer & invade all that france holds in Canada, They have
sixteen ships quite ready & that They have already conquered it in
imagination [is shewn by the fact] that in new maps Imprinted in
Holland They have named Nova anglia that which had always been
named Nova francia as You may see by the map I am sending you
in a corner of the same which is not a matter of great important
if it stood alone, but with the warning we have of their intentions
it seems to me that it should not be despised & [that it would be]
well to make sure of in negotiating.
I shall expect the papers from the marine department when it shall
please you [to send them] & you shall be good enough to give me a
day [in] the holidays to go and sleep in town to have the honour of an
interview & receive yr decision on the difficulties You have met with
in the Edict.
I shall send you at the earliest date God helping me the memorandum in the manner followed on similar occasions but bloodletting
and a little pain oblige me to finish.
Articles agreed upon between the two Kings of France and
England the* Day of* 1631.
The two Kings having Deemed it necessary for the Interests of
their Crowns and the quiet of their subjects to restore the ancient
alliance peace and friendship, long existing between their two Kingdoms Have again thought it their duty to think seriously of the
preservation of the Princes and States their allies, and to this end
Have done and negotiated that which here follows.
It has been agreed between them that they will assist The King of
Sweden and Their Honours the States of Holland in the Sum of
Three millions of livres each equally one half which Shall be furnished without any fail by The sd. two Kings within the first Six
months of each year in The City of Amsterdam in ready money or
bills of exchange good and Amounting to the sum of
given and delivered to the agents or Attornies of the King of
Sweden, and the Sum of to the sd. States, while .
and so long as they shall carry on the war Wherein they are now
[engaged] and shal