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Journal of Captain Cook's last voyage to the Pacific Ocean on Discovery, performed in the years 1776,… [Rickman, John] 1781

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O   F
V    O    Y   A ■ G . E
O     N
Years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779*
Cuts, and a Chart, (hewing the Tracts of
the Ships employed in this Expedition.
Faithfully Narrated from the original MS,
Printed for E. Newbery, at the Coroer of
St, Paul's Church Yard,
THE Editor of this Journal does not
make himfelf anfwerable for all the fads
that arc related in it. There is certainly fbme
allowance to be made to a man who has circumnavigated the globe oftener perhaps than once*
And indeeq there are many Truths in nature,
which till our ideas are enlarged by experience,
appear to us incredible.
Thus much however the Editor may venture
to aftirm, that what immediately relates to the
object of the Voyage9 the places the fhips vi-
fited, the diftrefles they met with, and the Dif-
coverie^ of new Countries, new Inhabitants,
new Cuftoms Arts and 'Manufactures^ fo far
as they could be learnt or apprehended during
a Ihortjttay among people with whom the Journalift could converfe only by fi^ns; all thefe
particulars are related with, the ftiicteft Jegard
to truth, as is likewife the conduct and charac
ter of Omai, his reception and consequence at
Otaheite, and the envy and jealoufy which his
riches and the favour Ihewn him by his patron
and friend Capt. Cook excited among the Chiefs
of his own country 5 thefe the Journalift feems
to have noticed wkh particular attention.
But the Editor does not take upon him to
fay, that the Journalift has not upon fome oc-
cafions exaggerated eircumftances, nor thai his-
prejudices have not fometimes prevailed over
his candour in reprefenting characters.,"
The Editor may have his errors too; but he
hopes they are fuch as may be pardoned. Some
have arifen from hafte, and fome frornjmifun-
derftanding the Journalift's Orthography, who,
being at a great diftance, could not be confuted without retarding the Prefs. For thefe the
intelligent Reader, he hopes, will accept of
this apology. With refpect to language,pfuf-
fice it to fay, that he has affected no ornament
It was a plain tale he'had to tell, and ne has
told it* In a plain way.^
TheXhart that accompanies the Voyage
Uluftraies the courfe'with as much accuracy
as is neceffary even for Geographers, and It afforded no fmall pleafure tofche Editor, when he
fBund on comparifon, the latitudes and longi*
tudes in the Journal corresponded with the ob-
fervattohs of the late Spanifh Voyagers, fent
outljn the fame errand.
E     R     R     A
Page 186, Line 7, injleadof * * * * * *, add, in GreecQ
and Rome. J
■ ■ •    273, —-— 9, after the <word proved, <ul4'£&U 1  introduction,
TW O illuftrious foreigners, Columbus
and Magellan, rendered their names immortal, at an early period, by opening an irn-
menfe field for difcovery and the improvement
of Navigation; but it has been referved for a
diftinguifhed native of this country and of this
age, to fix the boundaries, and to complete the
ne plus ultra of the nautical art. The two laft
of thefe memorable Navigators fell in the pro-
fecution of their interefting projects—the firft
furvived only to experience the viciffitudes of
Fortune, and to feel the refentment of an un-
gratefol Court.
Columbus, by a perfeverance, of which tfeere
was then no precedent, very providentially lur-
mounted every obftacle that oppofed his pro-
grefs, and aftoniftied Europe with the production
of a new earth; while much about the fame
time Magellan, infpired by a like fpirit of en- \
terprife, and animated by a magnanimity that.
defpifcd danger while in the purfuit of glory,
opened a paflage to a New Sea.
A brief recapitulation of the attempts made
to improve this latter difcovery will (hew the
importance of the prefcnt Voyage, and fu%*
ni(h an idea of the vaftnefs of the undertaking
—no lefs than to fix the boundaries of the two
continents that form the grand divifions, which
|ho' feparjfted to all human appearance,connect
the Globe.
It was on the 6th of November, in the
year, 1520 t.hat Magellan entered the Strags^
that have ever fi°ce DOrn his name, and the
ggrth of tft$ f^one month, when in a tranfport
of joy he beheld the wiihed-for object of bis
purfuit, the Great Southern. Sea. Elated
with fucccfs, he proceeded chearfuily for feve-
ral days, with a favouring gale ♦, bq£ the wea*
ther foon changing, and the fea growing boifte-
rous, he altered his courfe from the high latitude ' in which he entered that almo,ft bound*
tefs ocean, and directed his views to a more
moderate c&mate. For 113 days he cofttiwed
fleering to the north-weft, without feeing land
€>r meeting with other fupply except what water
the failors caught in the awnings, when the
ftorms of thunder, which were frequent and
dreadful, burft the clouds and let loofe the rain.
Having in that time croffed the line, he fell in
with a range of iflands, in the 12th degree of
northern latitude, where w&h great difficulty
he procured ibme refreihment for thofe of his
Followers who yet remained alive, moft of them
having perilhed by hunger and fatigue in that
long run of tirefome navigation. Thofe who
furvived had fed fome time upon tough hides,
the leather of their ftioes, and even that which
furrounded the ropesi after having iofcened thefe
dainties by foaking them in fea-water. Add to
this, that many.of them being attacked by the
fcurvy, the flelh of their gums had fc envelo^-
§1 Pc^ 111
ped their teeth, that unable to eat, they died
famifhed in all the agonies of horror and despair. The thievifh difpofition of the tropical
iflanders in this ocean, to which Magellan now
gave tfce name of Pacific, being new to the
Spaniards, they were not at firft apprifed, that
while they were abroad enjoying the fweetneft
of the refrefhing air at land, the natives were
employed in ftripping the fhips of their iron,
and whatever elfe was portable. It was in vain
to punifh the delinquents, for where all were
culpable thofe only could be made to fuffer, who
were taken in the fact; and fuch was their dexterity that few were detected.
From thefe iflands,;to which he gave the
name of Ladrones, Magellan haftened his departure, and proceeding in fearch of the Maiuc-
cas, the chief object of his voyage, he foun4
in his way many little iflands, where he was hoft
pitably received, and where a friendly correspondence was eftabliihed, by which mutual
civilities and mutual benefactions were reciprocally interchanged.
Thefe iftands were fituated between the La*
drones, and what are now known by the n#me
of the Philippines, in one of which, named
Nathan, Magellan, with 60 men, encountering
a whole army, was firft wounded with a pbifoned
a*row, and then' pierced With a bearded' lance.
His little fquadron, now reduced to two fhips,
and not more than 80 men, departed haftiift
B 2 and
and after many difafters, in which only one,
the Victory, efcaped, fhe fingly returned by
the Cape of Good Hope, and was the firft (hip
that ever went round the world. It may not
be improper here Nto remark, that the death of
our late'gallant Commander Cook was not un-
fimilar to that of Magellan, both originating
from an over confidence in their own confe-
quences, which could avail them nothing when
overpowered by. numbers.
Other adventurers were not now wanting to
trace the fteps that had been pointed out by
this intrepid Navigator; but we may venture"
to aflert, that they were not all actuated by the
fame pafiion for glory, the hope of gain was
their prevailing motive.
Alvarez de Mendamo, indeed, in 1567, was
fent from Lima on purpofe for difcovery •, he
failed 800 leagues weftward from the coaft of
Peru, and fell in with certain iflands in 11 degrees fouth, inhabited by people of a yellowifh
colour, whofe weapons were bows *tftd arrows,
and darts, and whofe bodies were naked, but
ftrangely punctuated. Here the Spaniards
found hogs and little dogs, and fome domeftic
fowls like thofe in Europe; and here likewife
they found cloves, ginger, cinnamon, and fome
gold, but it has yet been a queftion undecided
to what groupe of iflands this difcovery is to be
placed; for it is faid, that the Spaniards, not
feeking gold% brought home,   notwithftanding
H«P ^NT&ODUCTION.     - <tir
40,000 pezOes [dollars] befides great ftore of
cloves, ginger, and fome cinnamon ; none of
which have yet been difcovered in the tropical
iflands in the pacific fea. Capt. Cook inclines
to the opinion, that they are the clufter which
Ncomprizes what has fince been called New Britain, &c. m!
Afterwards Mendamo difcovered the Archi.
pelago of iflands, called the Iflands of Solomon,
of which great and fmall he counted thirty-three. A
He alfo difcovered the ifland of St. Chriftoval,
in 1575, not far from the above Archipelago,
in 7 deg. fouth, 110 leagues in circuit.
Sir Francis Drake in 1577, was the firft En-
glifhman that paffed the Streights already described, and though his views were not the moft
honourable, nor founded upon principles that
could be ftrictlyjuftified, yet his difcoveries were
no lefs important than if patronifed by his fove-
reign, and encouraged by the higheft authority.
He difcovered the Ifland of California, which
he named New Albion, having failed to the
43d deg. of northern latitude, with a defign to
return by a north-eaft courfe, but was ftopt in
his progrefs by the piercing cold. Other fmall
iflands he difcovered in his route 5 but as his
fole view was to return with his booty, he paid
no regard to objects of lefs concern. He arrived
iSr England by the Cape of Good Hope, in
B 3
To him fucceeded Sir Thomas Cavendifh,
who likewife pafTed the Streights of MagstJart
in 1586, and returned nearly by the fame route
pointed out by his predecefTor, touching at the
Ladrones, and making fome ftay at the Philippine liles, of which on his return he gave an
entertaining defcription.
In the mean time, namely in f595, the SpanU
ards,intent upon difcovery more than plunder,flt-
ted out four fhips, and gave the command to Al-
varo Mendana de Neyra. This voyage proved unfortunate. The defign was to have
compleated the difcovery of the Solomon iflands,
and to have made a fettlement in one of the
moft plentiful. But mod of thofe who embarked on this expedition either died mifera-
bly or were fhipwrecked. His difcoveiries were
the Marquefas, in lat. 10 fouth. So^Bary Ifland,
in 10 deg. 40 min. S. long. if% deg, And laftly
Santa Cruz, on which 6ne of the fleet was af*
'ttrwards found with all her fails fet, and the,
people rotten. Soon af$r this mifcarriage, it
was refolved by the SpaniQS Court not to fettle
thofe iflands, left the Englifh and other foreign
adventurers, who might pafs the Streights fhould
in their pafiage home by the Eaft-Indies be relieved by them. This refolution, however, we
find foon after revoked in favour of Quiros.*
In 1598, Oliver Van Noort pafTed the Straits5
but his profeffed defign being plunder, he made
no difcoveries.    He touched to refrefh, at one
of \ IN T R ODJJ CTION^      vu
of the Ladrone iflands^n his wav to the Eaft-
Indies, and afterwards refitted his fhips at the
Philippines. It may here benecefTaijr to note,
that in this year the Sebaldine iflands were difcovered by Sebald de Weert, the fame now J
known by the name of Falkland's Ifks.
In 1605, Pedro Fernando de Quires, con*
ceived the defign of difcovering afouthern continent. Me is fuppofed by Mr. Dairymple and
others, to have been the firft into whofe mind
the exiftence of fuch a continent had ever entered. 4 He jailed from Cailoa December 21ft,
with two fhips and a tender. Luis Paz de
Torres was entrufted with the command, and
Quires, from Zeal for the fuccefs of the under*
taking, was contested to act in the inferior (la-
tion of pilot, i ]
On the 21ft of December, the fame year* he
fet fail from Caloa, and on the 26th of January following, they came in fight of a fmall
flat ifland, about four leagues in circumference,
with fome trees, but to all appearance uninha^v
bited. It was juft 1000 leagues from Calloa,
and in the 2 5th deg. S.
Finding it inacceflible, they pUrfiied theft
*«yagej and in two days fell in with another
ifland, which Capt. Cook fuppofes the fame
dUc^vered by Capt. Carteret, and by him called
Piftairn's Ifland.
On she 4th of February they difcovered an
ifland, thirty leagues in circumference, that pro-
B 4 mifed
mi fed fair to fupply their neceflities, which
now began to be very preffing; but this, like
the former, could not be approached. This
ifland, fituated in lat. 28. S. feemed to determine their courfe to the South -, for on the
9th of February we find them in 18th deg.
South, and on the 12th in 17 deg. to min. in
conference with the inhabitants of a friendly
ifland, from whence with difficulty, they procured fome refrefh merit, and on the 1:4th, continued their courfe. On the 21ft they difcovered an ifland, where they found plenty of
fifh but no water. It was uninhabited, and the
birds fo tame that they caught them with their
hands. They named this ifland St. Bernardo,
and is probably the fame which Capt. Carteret
calls the Ifland of Danger, in lat. 10 deg.
30 min. S.
The next ifland difcoveTed, they called Ifla
de la Gente Hermofa, or the I lie of handfome
people. fErom thence they fleered for Santa
Cruz, already difcovered, where they were
kindly received ; but could not leave it without
quarrelling with, and murdering fome of the
jnnocent inhabitants.
From this\ ifland they fleered their courfe
weftward, palling feveral ftraggling iflands, till
they arrived on the 7th of April, at an ifland,
which by its high and black appearance, they
judged a Vulcano. Here they found a friendly reception, and in return carried offbfaur of
111    their INTRODUCTION. ix
their people, three of whom afterwards made
their efcape by watching their opportunity and
jumping into the fea, the fourth accompanied
them to New Spain. Tras ifland the Indians
called Taumaco. ^Another ifland in 12 deg. S.
named , Tueopia,   they   pafTed,   after   fome
friendly intercourfe with the inhabitants, and
on the 25th of April, came in fight of an ifi#nd
which they named Noftra Signora de la Luz,
in 14 deg. S. and prefently after obferved four
other iflands, one of which prefented a moft
picturefque appearance, diverfified with every
beauty which  Nature could difplay, rivers,
pools of water, cafcades, and every grace to
decorate and dignify the profpect.   Here the
inhabitants were frank, as their country was
abundant*, but here the Spaniards could not
help difcovering their natural jealoufy.    The
firft who approached their boat, was a youth of
graceful ftature, him they thought to have fe-
cured by flyly throwing a chaim about his leg;
but this the Indian fnapt, and inftantly made
his efcape, by jumping over-board*, the next
who came on board, they placed in the flocks;
left he too fhould make his efcape in the fame
manner.    Could it be wondered therefore, that
the friends of thefe imprifoned youths fhould
endeavour by fair appearances, to enfnare their
enemies, and feek revenge.   Making figns;ii$f
J>eace, the Spaniards no fooner came withib
their reach than they let fly a volley of poifoned
arrows* II
«    |introduction; '
arrows, by whkh ffeveral of their company was
woonded.   Interpreting this as an act of treachery, without attending to the caufe that hai
produced it, they quitted the ifland in the night,
and dirioting their courfe to the South-Weft,'
Crime in fight of an immenfe country, which
had every appearance of the continent of *mich
they wepe in fearch.  rliUbey perceived an open
bay, and on the beach, men of a gigantic fize,
to whkh they made their approaches with in-
cxpreffirilc joy, imagining that they had atcom-*
pliflied their wi{hes,and that their labours would
loon be rewarded withT honour to themfelves,
and advantage to their country.
On the 3d of Maly, they  entered the  bar-'
feeur, having the day before given the name of
Sfl Philip and St. James to the bay, with the
fair appearance of which, they had been fo
highly delighted.    To the port they gave the
name of La Vera Cruz, and to the country
Austral del Ebperita Sa**¥o< The harbour,
(boated between two rivers, to which they gave
the names of Jordan and Salvador, was equally,
convenient and  beautiful-, the margin of the
fhores was moft romantically interfperfed with
flowers and plants odoriferous and fpiendid;
nor was the country lefs, fruitful than it was
pleafamv   It abounded in all thofe: delicious
&ui*3 which render the countries between the
Tropics the happieft in the world ; and there
were befides great .plenty of hogs, dogs fowls
MTi INTRODr^TION^        xt
and birds of various kinds and colours. The
inhabitants, indeed, were jealous of their approach ; and difcovered great uneafinefs at their
attempting to land. The Spaniards, howeve*^
rather chufing to intimidate ifian conciliative
natives, made an excurfion into the country^
furprized the unfufpe&ing people ttf a little
village, and brought off a fupply of hogs; but
not without imminent darjger to the party employed on that fervice, who were purfuedfc s$
the waters edge, and fome of them wounded.
As Nature had,dealt her bounty with a liberal
hand to the inhabitants of this happy coiiajra
fhe had enriched her coafts with fifh as well as
her land with fruits. In purfuit of the formec,*the
Spaniards met with no interruption, but tneir
fuccefs, which w0 very great, had like to hatfef
proved fatal to them. They caught large
guant^es of a mojHbeautiful fifh, which, though
of a delicate flavour, was of $bpoi$>nous a qu%^
ijiy, that whoever eat of it was fuddenly feized
with ficknefs and pain, for which there appeared no remedy. Every foldier and every fail^f"
was grievouifly affected; the whole fhips companies were rendered incapable of their duty,
and officers and people were alike alarmed with
the apprehenfions of approaching death, till by
degrees, the violence of the diforder began to
abate, and in fix days all were reftored. KB'
worthy of note, that fome of the crew of theRe-»
fblution, in Capt. Cook's former voyage, who
jfl »i        INTRO 0WC T I JOIN.
Iiad eaten of this fiuS,^ere feized in the fame
manner, and that fome hogs and dogs^ that
had eaten the entrails and the bones actually
A^uiros, for what reafon does not appear^'
▼cry foon quitted this promifed lana\ an& the
two^ipCTeparpetl as foon as they cleared the
bay; Quiros with the Capitana, his own fhip,
fhaped his courfe to the N EVafid after fufTer-
irig the greateft hardfhips, returned to "New
Spain, while de Torres, in the Almiranta and
the Tender, fleered to me Weft, and was, as
Captain Cook obferves, the firft that failed b¥^
tween New Holland and New Guhfea,
'Quiros, foon after his return, prefented a
Memorial to Philip II, of Spain, in which he
cndmerates twenty-three iflands that lie had difcovered, namely, La Encarnaclon, Strjuan-
Bautifta, Santelmo, Lo£*4 Coronades. St. Miguel Archangel, La Converfion de St^aulo,
La DezeBa, LaSagitaria, LaFugitivS, La del
Pereg$no, Moftra Signora del Soccoro, Monterey,' TucOpia, St. Marcos, El Vergel, Laz
Lagrimas De St. Pedro, Los Portales de Belen,
EI Pilar de Zaragoza, St. Raymunda, and La
Ifla de la Virgin Maria, and adjoining to it the
three parts of the country called Auftralia del
Efpiritu Santo'in which land were found ^the
Bay of St. Philip and St. Jago, and part of
Vera Cruz, where he remained with the three
fliips thirty-fix days.
m ; '§ t NTRODUCTI O'N.      xSt
As this Memorial is very curious, and but £jk
few hands, an extract from it, we are pdp
fuaded, will-be highly acceptable to the inset-,
ligent reader.
" It is conceived," fays Queros, " that the
three parts, laft mentioned, are only one large
country, and that the river Jurdan, by its great-
nefs, feems to confirm this conjecture, as ts
evident by an information made at Mexico,
with ten witnefles of thofe who were with me,
to which I refer.
I " I further fay, Sir, that in an ifland named
Taumaco. 1250 leagues diftant from Mexico,
we continued at anchor ten days, and that the
Lord of that ifland, whofe name is Tumay, a
fenfible man, well made, of good prefence,
and in complexion fomewhat brown, with beautiful eyes, lharp nofe, beard and hair long and
curled, and in his manner grave; affifted us
with his people to get wood and water, of
which we were then in great want.
ft This perfon came on board the fhip, and in
it I examined him in the following manner:
" Firft, I fhewed him his ifland in the fea, and
our fhips and people ; and pointed to all parts
of the horizon, and made certain other figns,
and by them afked him, if he had feen fhips and
men like ours, and to this he replied. No.
" 1 afked him, if he knew of other lands far
or near, inhabited or uninhabited ? and as>
foon as he tinderftood me, he named above 60
iflands, **V       INTRODUCTION.
iflands, and a large country, which he called
Manicolo. I, Sir, wrote down all; having before me the compafs to know in what direction
each lay; which were found to be from this
ifland to the S E ; S SE; W; and N W. And
to explain which was fmall, he made finall
circles; and for the' larger, he made larger
circles; and for that vaft country he opened
both his arms, without joining them again,
fhewing that it extended without end. And to
make known which were the diftant, and which
were near, he pointed to the fun from E taW.
reclined the head on one hand, fhut -his eyes,
and counted by his fingers the nights which
they flept on the way j and by flgns fliewed
which people were white, negroes and rnulat-
toes, and which were friends and which enemies ; and that in fome iflands they eat human
flefh; and by this he made flgns by biting his
arm. And by this, and by means of other figns,
what he faid was underftood; and it was repeated fo often that he feemed to be tired ; and
pointing with hisiand to S. S. E. and other
points, gave them fully to underftand what
other lands there were^r He fhewed a defire of
returning to his houfe. I gave him things that
he could carry, and he took leave, fainting mc
on the cheek, with other marks of affection.
I j| Next day Iwent to his town, and to be fetter confirmed of what Tumay declared, I carried with me many Indians to the fhore, and
having INTRODUCTION.       x*
having a paper in my hand, and the compafs
before me, afked all of them many times about
the lands, of which Tumay gave the names;
and in every thing all of them agreed, and gave
information of others inhabited, all by people of
the colours before mentioned; and alfo of that
Great Country, wherein by proper figns, *£iey
faid, there were cows or buffaloes ; and to
make it understood there were dogs, they barked ; and for cocks and hens they crowed, and
for hogs grunted: and in this manner they told
what they wanted, and replied to whatever they
afked. And becaufe they were fhewed pearls in
the top of a rofary, they intimated that they
had fuch. All thefe queftions and enquiries
others of my companions made this day and
other times of thefe and other Indians ; and
they always laid the fame; from whence it appeared-they were people who fpeak truth* i
** When I failed from tins ifknd of Taumaco
I made them feize four very likely Indians;
three of them fwam away ; and the one who remained, and was afterwards named Pedro, declared at Acapulce,: in the voyage, and in the
city of Mexico, where he died, in pretence of
the Marquis de Montefciaros, what follows :
" Firft, Pedro faid, that he was a native of the
Ifland Chieayana, larger than ^hat of Taumaco,
where we found him; and that from one to the
other is four days fail*>f their vefiels; and'that
Chieayana is low land, Artfry abundant in fruit*
P* and
m ■-
'    l$^p-
El    '
flB^jBBfij Ulsi
x^^ '1
* <"^
and that the natives of it are of hb good Indian
colour, long lank hair ; and they punctuate
themfelves, as he was, a little in the face, arms,
ana breaft; and that there are alfo white people^ who have their hair red and very long;
and that there are mulattoes whofe hair is not
curled, nor quite ftrait; and that he was a
weaver and a foldier-archer; and that in his
tongue he was called Luca, his wife Layna,
and his fon Ley.
" He further faid, that from the ifland of
Taumaco, at three days fail, and at two from Chi.
cayana, there is another ifland, larger than the
two above-mentioned, which is called Guav-
topo, inhabited by people as white as ours are
in common; and that even fome of the men
have red hair more or lefs, and alfo black ; and
that they alfo punctuate their bellies, and at
the navel, all in a circle; and that all the three
iflands are friends, and of one language; that
from this laft ifland a fhip, with more than
fifty perfons, failed to another inhabited ifland,
named Mecayrayla, to feek tortoife-fhell, of
which they ufe to make ear-rings and other
toys; that being in fight of it, they met a contrary wind, which obliged them to fleer for
their own ifland ; but when near it, the wind
again became contrary ; and that in going
backwards and forwards they fpent all their
provifions, for want whereof forty perfons died
of hunger and thirft; and that he was in the
Ifland Taumaco, where this (hip arrived there
with only feven men, who were very white, except one who was brown; and with three women, white and beautiful as Spanifh, who had
their hair red and very long; and that all three
came covered from head to foot with a kind of
veil, blue or black, and very fine, to which
they gave the name of Foa-foa; and that of all
thefe ten perfons only remained alive the Indian
Olan, who related to him what he had faid of
that ifland Gvaytopo. And that he alfo faw
come to his Ifland Chieayana, another fhip of
theirs of two hulls full of people, white and
beautiful, and with many very handfome girls \
and counting on his fingers by ten and ten, he
intimated they were in all 110 perfons.
" He farther faid, that from another ifland
called Tucopia, (which is where the two Indians
fwam away,) at the diftanceof five days of their
failing, is that great country, Manicolo, inhabited by many people, dun-coloured and mu-
lattoes, in large towns; and to explain their
fize, he pointed out Acapulco, and others larger;
and on this, I afked him if there were towns
as large as Mexico. He replied, No; but many
people: and that they were friendly, and did
not eat human flefh; nor could their languages
be underftood; and that it was a country of
very high mountains and large rivers: fome of
them they could not ford, and could only pafs
in canoes; and that to go from the ifland of
C HI       Tucopia, .
Tucbpia, to that country when the fun rifeS,
theyjceeprvit on the left hand, which-^tiuft'be
from'Soiish towards South Eaft* , (, ||
M I>muft add, that if this is as he.fays, it agrees
well with the chain of mountains feen running
to the Weftward as we were driving about.
" Pedro much extolled the magnitude, popu-
loufneis, fertility, and other things of this country ; and that he and other Indian^ went to it
in one of their embarkations, in queft of the
trunk of a large tree &f the many which are in
it, to make a Piragua; and that he^w there a
port, and intimated k;v&s larger, bujt the entrance narrower, than that of the Bay of St. Philip and St. Jago; and that he obferyed the bottom was fand, and the fftiore fhingjej^as the
other I have defgribe^; and th^p/i^a^Ubin
it four rivers, and many people ; anc£jha£ ri0ng
the cpaft of that country they went to tjie Weftward, a greater way than. ff#rr* ^capulco toi
Mexico, without ffejf^ the en^^%j an^jj|-|
turned to his lOand. ; i&jigii£^ %&k
'Vi3y a^ that is abave^rae#t$pf)ed, it appeafg
Qk*iriy that there are o$!y tw<ffjarge portions of
t& earfeh fevered ftio*ptjlfis of Eufope^ Africa,
and Afiai The firft is America, w^^ch Christopher Colon (Columbus)' difcovered; the
fecond and laft of the Wofdd is[tha^which. j
have feen, and folicit to people* and completely
to difcover to your Majefty. This great object:
ought to be embraced, as well for what it pro-r
*l     &*?; Wt mifes
mmms^¥^BfBm INTRODUCTION.       x&"
mjffcs jSrme fervice of &od, as that it wfll;givev.
a begihriing to fo great a workj and to fo
many and lb ^emirfeht benefits, that no other of
its kind can be more, nor {o much at prefent
nor heretofore as t can fhew, if I heard
and qucftioned."
Upon-tne authority of this Memorial, and
others to the like purport,-prefen ted by QniroSi
to Philip III. of Spain, future geographers
have grounded their opinion of the reality of a
Southern Continent, to the difcovery of which
that vain Navigator boldly aflerted an undoubjt??
ed claim. " T;he magnitude cf the countries
" newly difcovered," fays he to his Sovereign,
*< by what I faw, is as much as that of all Eu-
" rope, Afia Minor, the Cafpian Sea, andj>er«
" fia, with all the Mediterranean included.'*
That an afTertion like this fhould gain credit,
at a time when nearly one quarter of the globe
lay undifcovered, is not to be wondered ; but
that a man could be found, upon fuch flender
ground as the difcovery of a few infignificant
iflands, lying, as it has lately appeared, within
the narrow limits of fix degrees of latitude, and
lefs of longitude; to itripofe upon an enlight-t
ened- Prince, and engage^the attention of men
of» learning in every country throughput twfie
globe, is matter of aftom^ment"tfiat, lfopothef
myftenes; wnen they cpme to be difclofed, Tur-
prife on fy by tnelf infignificance.
To this'ideal object however,' eVery m£rL«
<T V time xx        INTRODUCTION.
time power caft a jealous eye. No fooner was
France apprifed of the, intentions of the Britifh
Court, to engage in earneft in the bufinefs of
difcovery, than fhe fent a Navigator of her own
to purfue the fame tract, who was foon after
followed by another on the part of Spain. As
the fuccefs which attended thefe firft enterprifes
by no means anfwered the expectations of thofe
by whom they were fet on foot, the two latter
courts, who had profit only for their object, re-
linquifhed the project when they found them-
felves difappointed in fharing the prize. The
perfeverance of our amiable Sovereign, in the
profecution of his liberal defigns, as it has en|^
lightened, fo it has infpired every lover of Science at home and abroad, with a reverential
regard for his priucely virtues, in promoting
and patronifing ufeful arts.    But to return.
In 1614, George Spitsbergen, with a ftrong
fquadron of Dutch fhips, pafTed the Streights
of Magellan, and after cruizing for fome time
with various fuccefs againft the Spaniards, fet
fail from Port Nativity on the coaft of Peru,
on his return home. In his paffage, in 19 deg.
of North lat. and about 30 longit. from the Continent, he difcovered a mighty rock, and three
days after, a new ifland with five hills, neither
of which have fince been feen. The firft land,
he made was the Ladrones, already defcribed.
In 1615, Scbouten and Le Maire, in the Unity
of 360 tons, and the Hoorn of no, failed from
the Texel on the 14th of June, profefledly for
H§3SES I N T RfO D U C T 1,0 N,      xxi
the difcovery of a new pafTage to the South Seas.
The fubjects of the States of Holland being
prohibited, by an exclufive charter to the Eaft-
India Company,  from trading either to the
Eaftward by the Cape of Good Hope, or to the
Weftward  by the  Magelanic ftreights, fome
private merchants, confidering this prohibition
as a hardfhip, determined, if poffible, to trade
to the Southern countries by a tract never before
attempted.    With this view they fitted out the
fhips already mentioned,  one of which, the
Hoorn, was burnt in careening, at King's Ifland
on the coaft of* Brazil, and the other left fingly
to purfue her voyage.   Having faved what
ftores they could refcue from the flames, they
proceeded, directing their courfe to the South
Weft, till in lat. 54 deg. 46 min. they came in
fight of an opening, to which (having happily
palled it) they gave the name of Strait k Maire
in compliment to the principal projector   of
the voyage, though that honour was certainly
due to Schouten, who had the direction of the;
fhip.    Having foon after weathered the fouth-
ernmoft point of the American Continent, they
called that promontary Cape Home, or more
propetly Hoorn,   after the town in Holland
where the project was firft fecretly concerted ^
and two iflands which they had palled, they
named Bernevelt Ifles.    They had no fooner
cleared the land, than they changed their courfe
C 3 to xxii      INTRODUCTION, .. s||§l
to the Northward, with a view to make fomjs?
flay at Juan Fernandes to rejfit;  bujtj finding;
both iflands inajccefli^le, by reafon pf t^e gf!§at
fwell, they w§re obliged t,p cpnt.|a$e th£jr YftF"
age till a porf favourable opportunity fl^ould^
offer to, refrefh the crgw.    The fir (J land they
rnade was a new dife&V*ery in lat. 15 degr^^
i;^ min. lo(ng. 136 deg. 3Qjmin. W-,$&ifeapp£*V£
ed to be a fmajl low ifland, which afforded then^rj
HO oiher refrefhmejit, except a fcanty p&rtiQn oj£
fcurvy-gtafe, but no water.    They named thi$*
pQg Ifland,  froni a lingular circumftance of
finding in it pUimb dogs^hat cquld neither bark
iggrfnarl* Abg|ut fe^ejp degrees further w^eft, they
fel| in„%ith another ifland, which they called
SfiQ&re Ground, becaufe they founded, but found
no bottom.   StiU continuing their couife tp the
WeftiKard, they came to an ifta&$, to which
they gave the name of Waterland, as it afforded
them a frefh fupply of water, of wiWch the$ri
i^ood in much need.    They likewjfe pro^ure^
plenty of frefh herbs; but no^i being able to*
come to an anchor, they kept their courfe, ao<J
foon came in fight of a fourth ifland, in which,
they could pegeeive a ftieajm of w^r, but,
Mke the other iflands which r,hey had, pagjgd^
1$. feemed difficult of apcoffc  They ho^e^©,^
thek bpat, and filled it with €ti%pt£iai&&/3 buj
inflead of water,  the people in it ratumfcifC^r*
vered with infects2 which, though not fo-l&ge a&
Mufketoes, were by their numbers and their
venom.a thoufand times more troubleforne.
Such fwarms came froi$ the fhore as covered
the fhip as with a cafe, and it was more than
three days before the crew could free themfelves
and the veffel from thefe tormentors. This they
named Fly Ifland.
In their courfe from this ifland an incident
happened that is a reproach to humanity; an
Indian bark fril in their way, to which, inftead
of makingtfigaak of peace to conciliate them*
they fired a gun to bring them to. The bark
was fij|l q£ people male and female, wbo>
frighted at- the report,- inftead of guefling the
Sfcent, haftened to make theit efcape, Prefen Ely
the pinnace was hoifted our» manned, and a
pur&ijt commenced i the unhappy Indiana
finding it ia yain ta%» feveral being wounded
in their flight,- rather efaofe no perifh in the o-
eean, tha* truft to the mercy of their puFfuets^;
mod of the men, juft. as the Dutchmen were
about to board tfefeir hark, ^usnped over-boai?d,
and wjih them they took nbcir provlfiofts; thofe
who remained, chiefly women and children, and
fuch as were wounded* fobmkted, and were
Jtindly %fieu\. had their wounds-drefled and? re-
ftored to their bark ; but furely nothing could
excufe the brutal proceedings of the Dutch
at their firft onfet, nor cojnpenfase for thelbres*
of the. innocent furTerers*
C 4.  . Cocos xxiv     INTRODUCTION.
Cocos and Traitors Iflands were the next
they fell in with in their run from Fly Ifland.
Thefe were adjoining .iflands, and feemed to be
compofed of one people, and by joining cordially together to revenge the death of their
unfortunate friends, they appear to have been
of one mind. The Voyagers now began to feel
diftrefs, and to repent of their rafh adventure;
they held a confultation in what manner to proceed, being in want of almoft every neceflary*
Fortune, however, did more in their favour
than their own prowefs; for after having pafTed
the Ifland of Hope, (fo called to exprefs their
feelings) where they were very roughly re*
ceived, they arrived at a moft delightful ifland,
abounding with every blefling that nature could
beftow ; and inhabited by a people who feemed
fenfible of their own happy ftate, and ready to
fliare with thofe who were in want of the good
things which they themfelves poffefied, and
which they fo generoufry beftowed even to
profufion. Here the Voyagers refitted their
(hips, recovered their fick, recruited their almoft exhaufted ftock of provifions, by a plentiful fupply of hogs, and with as large quantities
of the delicious fruits with which the ifland was
flored, as they could conveniently ftowe. Thii
proving a fecond home to them, they gave it
the name of Hoorn IJlandy for the very reafon
already afligned. It is fituated in lat. 14 deg.
$6 min. South, long. 179 deg. 30 min. Eaft,
mm. INTRODUCTION.      xxv
and in every refpect refembles the ifland of
Otaheite, except in its naval ftrength, in which
there is no competition.
Being now plentifully relieved, and the crew
in high health, and having no hope of difcover-
ing the Continent of which they came in fearch,
they determined to return home by the neareft
tract: accordingly they altered their courfe to
the North Weft, till they approached the line,
and pafling many iflands, to which they gave
names, as appearances or circumftances pre-
fentedj as Green Ifland, St. John's Ifland, &c.
they coafted the North fide of New Britain,
and arrived at Bantham, in the Eaft Indies,
where their fhip was feized, and their cargo
confifeated at the inftance of the Dutch Eaft-
India Company, under pretence of being engaged in contraband trade. It is remarkable
that hitherto they had only loft four men, one
of whom died on their landing.
In 1623, Prince Maurice and the States of
Holland, fitted out a fleet to diftrefs the Spaniards in the South Seas, and gave the command r.o Jaques Hermite: but as thefe returned by a direct courfe from Lima to the
Ladrones, without making any difcoveries in
what is called the Pacific Sea, it would be foreign to the defign of this Introduction to detain the reader by an unneceffary digreflion.
In 1642, Abel Tafman failed from Batavia
in the Heemfkirk, accompanied by the Zee
Haan xxvi     INTRODUCTION*,   S|
Haan pink, with a profefTed defign of difca
verjng the Southern Continent. He directed
his courfe to the Mauritius, and from thence?
fleering to the Southward, the firft land he
made was the Eaftern point of New Holland,
fmce known by the name of Van Dieman's
Land, in lat. 42 deg, 25 minu long, 163 deg.
£0 min. In this high latitude he proceeded to
the Eaftward, till he fell in with the Weftern-
moft coaft of New Zealand, where the greateft
part of the boat's crew of the Zee Haan were
murdered by the Savages in a bay, to which
he gave the name of Murderer's Bay, now better known by that of Charlotte's Sound, fo
Called by our late Navigators. From Mur*
derer's Bay, he fleered E..N. E. till he arrived
at Three Kings Ifland, between which and the
Continent he paffed, and run to the Eaftward,
as far as the 220th degree of longitude; then
turning to the Northward, till he came into t?rre
1.7th degree of Southern latitude, he veered
again to the Weftward, with a defign to reach
Hoorn Ifland, difcovered by Schouten, in order
to refit his fhip, and refrefli his men. But in
his paflfage he fell in with the ifles of Pylftaert,
Amfterdam,. Middleburg, and Rotterdam, at
the latter of which iflands he found every ac*
commendation which he expected to. meet with
at Hoorn Ifland, and embraced the prefent op.-*,
portuftity of fupplying his wants. This necef-
fary end a,ccompli(hed, he reiinquifhed his de-
" w nig I N T R Q D U C T I 0 Xl   xxv*
fign of vifuing Traitors and Hoorn Iflands,
and directing hi§ c-.QUrfg to: the N W; difcovered eighteen or  twenty fmall ifland^ in lat.
J^ctegt J9J$in' li aP4 long7t^of'^eS" SB mm*
to which, he gave the natne of Prince William's,
Iflands, apcl Hemfkirk's, banlss.. Frqn? thence
pur.fu.ed his courfe to New Guinea, without
either difcpvering the cotuiafnt he fought, or
vifiting tflje Solomon Ifles, which were judged
the key to the grand difcovery., Thus leaving
the whole in the fame ftate of uncertainty as before, Tafman returned to Batavia on the 15th
of June 1642.
In 1681, Dampier pafTed the Magellanic
Straits; but in his return failed 5975 miles in
lat. 1^ N. without feeing fifh? fowl, or any
living creature but what they had on board.
Next to him fucceeded in 1683, Captain
Cowley, who failed from Virginia to the South
Sea, but made no difcoveries after he left the
Weftern coafts of America; returning by the
old tract to the Eaft-Indies.
In 1699, Dampier nude a fecond voyage on
difcovery, which was chiefly confined to New
Holland, New Guinea, New Britain, and the,
iflands adjacent. His difcoveries were of infinite importance? but do not properly come
within the limits of our enquiry.
^||Jn 17Q3j Dampier made a thi$4 voyage to
the So,U;th Seas* bux without making any neyt
difeoverlies*-■  He   was accompanied   in   this
,J xxvffi    1NTRODUCTIO N;|
voyage, by Mr. Funnel to whom the circumnavigation of the globe is afcribed.
In 1708, the Duke and Duchefs failed from
Briftol to the South Seas; but returned as all
the Freebooters did, by the common tract.
In 1719, Captain Clipperton paffed the Straits
with a view to enrich his owners by the fpoil of
the Spaniards. He returned likewife through
tne Ladrone Iflands, confequently could make
no difcoveries in the Pacific Seas.
In 1721, the Dutch Eaft-India Company, at
the inftance of Captain Roggewein, fitted out a
refpectable fleet, for the difcovery of that continent, which lay hitherto undifcovered, though
univerfally believed to exift.    Three flout fhips
were appointed,   and well  provided for  this
fervice; the Eagle of 36 guns and 111 men,
on board of which embarked Roggewein as
Commodore, having under him Capt. Cofter,
an experienced navigator; the Tienhoven of 28
guns, and 100 men, of which Capt. Bowman
was commander; and the African Galley, commanded by Capt. Rofenthall.  From this voyage
every thing was hoped.    The equipment of the
fhips,  the appointment  of the commanders,
and above all, the hereditary zeal of the Commodore which he inherited from his father, for
the fervice, all contributed to raife the expectations of Europe to the higheft pitch.   Before
they arrived at the Straits of Magellan,   they
had encountered the moft boifterous feas, and
■J&B&. endured I lf?T R O D U C T I 0:N.       xxix
endured the moft intolerable hardhips. They had
fooner entered the Straits, than they were again
attacked by tempeftuous weather; the ftorm
was fcarce abated, when they were alarmed by
the fighr/ of a vefiel, which they took either for
a pirate or a Spanifh fhip of war, and as fhe
feemed to approach very faft, were preparing
for an engagement, when, to their agreeable
furprize, they difcovered it to be theTienhoven's
fhaliop, on board of which was Capt. Bowman,
who had been feparated three months before,
and it was concluded had been engulphed in
the hurricane that happened when the Tien-
hoven loft her main-top and mizen mafts, and
the Eagle her mainfail-yard.   They mutually
rejoiced at each others efcape.   Capt. Bowman
thought they had perifhed in the ftorm, and
they had given him over for loft.   But then* joy
was of fhort continuance; they had other dangers to encounter, and other hardfhips to undergo; they found the Magelanic Straits impracticable, and entered the Southern Ocean with
difficulty, by the Strait le Maire.   After recruiting their water at the Ifles of Fernandez,. their
firft attempt was in fearch of Davis's Land;
which, it was imagined, from the defcription
given by the difcoverer, would prove an Index
to the continent of which they were in fearer^
They miffed it where they expected to find it,
but accident threw it in their way. &It proved a
fmall ifland which they thought a new difcovery,
W; and. is
xxx 1  I N T R O D \J S f I O tf,
and Bedaufe they fell in with ifpdn Ealter»day,
they carWcPfc Fhfcb.    We have juft tb rerriark
of this ifland, ttfttt as if was tMeh fdfl of people,
ancrbut fc% feeft #Sen laft Explored, and among
thefri only fift££n worrWn, it ist%iore tfian probable that in" leTs tBaSyfcotner centhry, the whofe
ifland will be d^pDfftrlateu^. Froftilhisifffarid Ras£-
^Wfein purfued frearly the fame tract with tfiat
%8ffch Schuten had pointed drfit^  till vedr%ig
*ftiore to the North, he fell in wim the iflands
at wmch Commodore Bjrrdn firft landed, ajjfd
where1 fome of the wreck of the Afrfclh Galley-
was aftdarf^f&urid.   H6fe d^e ofthe^ftew de-
fefteu1; arid Wer6ieft belfind; ancHt wtHifd have
been4in object of ctffious enquiry 3&r*^Natd-
^Hh?s°who accompanied fchaiF forage, W have
riffde#6%fed td tface a firfifftftude 6f European fea-
^tir^s among the inBAtffaftts of GeY^e's Ifland,
"i^meWfe reWdir$6 feefifcve that ftybSr-he if^fid
i^:wWch28Krftt',e Dtitchmen chofe te^nx their
*Wfidence. '^Ifhis ifland, wHfcnnfcn% place? in
they i §th debtee of Southern liitltttde,*lhey named
"MSftnievous Iflarfd,  Owing tb" their-fete drf-
afel [ ,' r~ ' if^#  ' '   ^B^^IF'
Eight leagues to the Weft of thfs^fflShd, they
lq|fc1$vered another, to which tfie^r gave^xfre
Satrie of Aurora, from its fpleiididapp£arane%,
gilded by the rays of tfte^riflng fun. Another
ifland aifcovered in the evening of the fame
day, tney called frefper. PuM&fntf?nc8?"couffe
to ttfe Welfward, fifty c^fcovercjS ^tfSufter of
*mmm INTRODUCTIONS      xxxi:
iflands, undoubtedly the fame now called the
Friettdfy Ifles, to which they gave the name of
the Labyrinth, becaufe it Was, wfch difffcdlty
they could clear them.
In a^Wery^rew days' fail aftet pafflng the Labyrinth, they came M flght-of a pleaffeftt iflif^
to which* from its fair appearahce, ihJ&f gave
the name of the Ifland of Recreation. ^he^ W$&
at firft hofpitably received; but in the end tke
natives endeavoured to furprize them by ftrata*
gem, andto:cut them off. They hadfupplied the
ftrangers with provifions, water, and wood, 2nd
they had aflifted them in gathering greens, and
in convening them to the fhips; but one day feeing a party of them Unarmed, and walking care-
lefly the field, charmed with the delights of the
country, in a moment fome thoafands of thfc
natives rushed fuddenly upon them, and with
fhowers of ftones, began an aflaufc The Dutch*
from the fhips o&ferwhg a tumult, and fuf*
pecttig the worft, came haftily t&the fupport
of their comrades, when a general engagement
enfued, in which many natives were fhot dead,
fome of the Dutchmen killed, and not a few
wounded. This proved banefufcto the voyage.
F6w of the crews of either &ipy after this,
would venture to go afhore for ptaafure; moft
of them became difcontented, and fome mutinous* Mlt was therefore concluded at a general
council of officers, to continue their courfe towards New Britain and New Guinea; and thenc^
<■"■'   -'■■'.. § by xxxii      I N T R ODD U C T ION.
by the way of the Moluccas to the Eaft Indicia
which was accordingly carried into execution :
and thus ended, like all the former, a voyage
which was expected at leaft to have folved the
queftion; but in fact it determined nothing.
They who argued- from the harmony that is
obfervable in the works of Nature, infilled that
fomething was wanting to give one fide of the
globe a refemblance to the other; while thofe
who reafoned from experience, pronounced the
whole fyftem the creature of a fertile brain,^
In 1738, Lozier Bouvet was fent by the
French Eaft-India Company, upon difcovery in
the South Atlantic Ocean. nHe |feiled from
Port Le Orient on the 19th of July, on board
the Eagle, accompanied by the Mary, and on
ihe 1ft of January'ifollowing, he difcovered,
or thought he difcovered land in lat 54 degrees
South, long. 11 min. Eaft. But this land being
diligently fought for by Capt. Cook, in his
voyage for the difcovery of the Southern Continent in 177 , without effect, there is reafon
to doubt if any fuch land exifts ; or, if it does
it is too remote from any known tract to be of
ufe to trade or navigation. Bouvet purfued his
courfe to the Eaftward, in a high latitude, about
29 degrees farther, when in lat. 51 deg. South,
the two fhips parted, one going to the ifland of
Mauritius, the other returning to France.
In 1742, Commodore Anfon traverfed the
Great Pacific Ocean; but his bufinefs being
■sn xxxili
War, he made no difcoveries within the limits
of our Review; andNhi^ftory is too well known
to need recapitulation. M
£©ome we now to the iEra when his Majefty
formed the defign of making difcoveries, and
explor&g the Southern Hemifphere, and when
in the-^ear 1764, he directed it todbe cai&ied
into execution.
^I*t Accordingly Commodore Byron having under his command the Dolphin and Tamar, failed
from the Downs on the 21ft of June the fame
year, and having vifited the Falkland Iflands,
pafTed through the Streights of Magellan into
the Pacific Ocean, where he difcovered the
Iflands of Difappointment, George's, Prince of
Wales's, the Ifles of Danger, York andiByron's
Iflands. He returned to#England the 9th of
May 1766.
" And in the month of Auguft following,
the Dolphin was again fent out under the command of Cap&in Wallis, with the Swallow,
commanded by Capt. Carteret.
" They proceeded together, till they came to
the Weft end of the Streights of Magellan, and
in fight of-ihe Great'South Sea, where they
were feparated.
;f£fc Captain Wallis directed his courfe more
wefterly than any NavigaCSf ihad done before
htm in fo high a latitude,(but met with no land
till he got within the Tfcopic, where^t^l^co-
yered the iflands Whitfunday, Queen Charlotte,
J) Egmont, xxxfer   JSTRODUCTION,
Egnfont, Dufee of GlouHEefter, Dqfce-iof Cumberland, Maitea, Otafeeife, pjmeo, Tapa*
manou, Howe, Scilly, Bpfeawen, Keppel, and
Wajlis; and rittanneiL t§;E8gland, May 13(68.
H His companiooUC^ptain Cartefritj, kep&fc
different route, in which he difcovered the
iflands Ofnaiburg, Glouce&er, Queen C^rk>ttej$
-Jfles, Carteret's, Gower's, and the Streigbt
between New Britain and New Ireland; and returned to England in 1769. K
#In November 17%! Commode Bougain-
viHe failed from France, i*i;$he frigate La ^ou>
deufe^with the ftore-flupi^Etoile. Aftnr fpsftd*
sagfome time on theeoaft of Brazil, and arFaik*
land's Iflands, he got into thsJPacific Sea by the
Streights of Magellan, January 176&.
" In this Ocean he difcovered the foufcilJa-
cardines, the Ifle of Lanciers, and Harpe Ifland,
(the feme afterwards named by Cook, ^agoon
Ifland) Thrum Cap, and Bow Ifland. About
fwenty leagues farther tcfthe Weft, he difcovered four other iflandsv ai^wafdaidfoinHWh
Martea, Qtaheiee, Ifles ofiKav^atots,vand Forlorn J&iope, which to hi® were new diffeoveries.
He then pafTed through between the Jlebryeffc
which he calls the Great Cyclases, difcovered
the Shoal of Diana* and fome others; the land
pf Cape Deliverance, ILweral Iflands more t&
tjie North; paffed to the North ofiiNeM fee-
land, touched at Batavia, and arrived in France
|n March 176*9.
« In INTRODUCTION,     xxxv
" In 1769, the Spaniards fent a fhip to trace
the difcoveries of the Englifh and French.
This fhip arrived at Otaheite in 1771* and in
her return difcovered fome iflands, in lat. 32
•deg. S.  and
long.  130 deg. W.    This fhip
touched at Eafter Iflands but whether fhe re-
.iturned to New or Old Spain rdmaiins undecided.
" In i;7$9, the French fitted out another
fhip from the MaurifjusR under the command of
Capt. Kergulen, who, having difcovered fome
barren iflands between the Cape of Good Hope
and Van Dieman's Land, contented himfelf
with leaving fome Memorials there, which were
found by Captain Cook in the voyage which
We are about to narrate.
*VThis year was rendered remarkafcle by the
Tranfit of the planet Venus over the Sua^s
Difk, a phenomenon of great importance fo
Aflronomy, and whkh every where engaged
the attention of the learned in that Science.
■'* In the beginning of tie year 1768, the
Royal Society prefented a Memorial to his
Majefty, fetting forth the advantages to be derived from accurate obfervations of this Tranfit
in different parts of the world, particularly from
a let of fuch obfervations made in a Southern
latitude, between the 140th and 18otfc degrees
©f longitude Weft from the Royal dbfejfvatfitfy
at Greenwich; at the fame time reprefenting^that
vefTels, properly equipped, would be necefTary to
D 2 convev xxxvi     INTRODUCTION.
convey the obfervers to their deftined ftatidns;
but that the :Society were in no condition to
defray the expence.'Msal
In confequence of this Memorial, the Admiralty were directed by his Majefty to-proyide
proper veflels for that purpofe; and *he Endeavour bark was accordingly purchafed, fitted
out, and the command given to Capt. Cooke,
"who had alreaelyrfigrialized mmfelf as an experienced Navigator ; and Mr. Charles Gfeefinfe
Afironomer was jointly, with the Captain, appointed to make the obfervations.
Otaheite being the Ifland preferred for the
performance of that important fervice, Captain
Cooke received orders to proceed directly ; and
his inftructions were, as foon as the Aftrono-
micai obfervations were completed, to profecute
• the defign of making difcoveries in the South
< Pacific Ocean as far as the 40th degfSe of 600th
latitude; and then, if no land fhould be difcovered, to fhape his courfe between lit. 40
and 2$i> till he fhould fall in witH*We"w Zealand, which he was to explore; and thence to
In the profecution of thefe i n ftruct ions hfedil-
ed from Plymouth on the 26th of Auguft, 1768,
and on the 13th of April following, arrived at
Otaheite, having in his way difcovered Lagoon
Ifland, Two Groups, Bird Ifland, and Chain
At INTRODUCTION,    xxxvii
At Otaheite he remained three months, and,
(befides the Aftronomer Mr. Green), being accompanied by Mr. Banks a gentleman of fortune, and Dr. Solander one of the Librarians
of the Britifh Mufeum, eminent both for his
knowledge in Natural Hiftory, and in Botany ;
we have only to remark, that all Europe has already been benefited by the employment of their
The obfervations on the Tranfit being com-
pleated with the wifht-for fuccefs, Capt. Cooke
proceeded on difcovery; he vifited the Society-
Ifles, and difcovered Oheteroa, fell in with the
Eaftern coaft of New Zealand, and examined
it; thence proceeding to New Holland, hefur-
veyed the Eaftern fide of that vaft continent,
which had never before been explored; difcovered the Streight between its Northern extremity
and New Guinea; and returned home by Savu,
Batavia, the Cape of Good Hope, and St. Helena, arriving in England the 12 th of July 1771.
In 1769, Captain Surville made a trading
voyage from fome port in the Eaft Indies by
a new courfe. tie pafTed near New Britain, and
fell in with fome land in lat. 10 deg. South,
longit. 158 deg. Eaft, to which he gave his
own name; then fhaping his courfe to the
North Eaft ward narrowly miffed New Cale-
donin, put into Doubtful Bay ; and from thence
.fleered to the Eaft, between the latitudes of
25 and 41 deg. South, till he arrived on the
D 3 coaft it
xxxvm I NT R ODIICTIOjr.
coaft of America, a courfe never before navigated; and with that purfued by Captain Fur*
neaux, between 48 and 52 degrees, and that
afterwards by Captain Cooke, in a ftill higher
latitude, confirms to demonftration the noa-*
exiftence of a Southern Continent*
No fooner was Captain Cooke's \feyage com-
pleated, and his Journals examiae4 than ano*
ther voyage was projected, the object of which
was to compleat the difcovery of the Southern
Hemifphere. Very extraordinary preparations
were made for the equipment of this voyage,
which required fhips of a particular conftruction
to perform it, and fuch were purcfeafed; fome
alterations likewife were necefTary in the fpecies
of provifioos ufual in the navy, and thefe were
made. Add to this, that many extra articles
were provided, fuch as Malt, Sour Krout, faked Cabbage, portable Soup, Saloup, M^ftard,
Marmalade, and feveral others, as well for food
for convalefcents, as phyfiq for the fick.
The fhips judged moft proper for the voyage
were built for colliers, two of which were fitted
up, and the command given to Captain Cook;
the largeft of 562 tons, called the Refolution,
had 112 men, officers included ; the other, the
Adventure of 336 tons, given to Captain Fur-
neaux, fecond in command had only 81. To thefe
were added, perfons well fkilled in Natural
Hillary, Aftronomy^Mathematics, and the
liberal Arts of Painting, Drawing, &c. &c.
•'■'■*. •"/ '    On
•mamam INTRODUCTION.       xxxix
^E&?fhe i3th::6f July the two fhips failed
fffim Plymouth, after having fedied the:fat&
|ux3e and longitude of the place by oftfervation.
This they did in order to regulate the time-
pieces'jjof which they had four on board; three
madetjy Mr. Arnold, and one by Mr. Kendal,
on MR Harrifon's principles.
^Xgg .great object of the Voyage #as to determine^ to a certainty, the exiftence or non-
exiftence of a Southern Continent^ whkh, till
then, had engaged the attention of mod of the
maritime powers, and about the reality of which
feeographers of late Itemed to have had but one
Let it fuffice, that this queftion is at length
decided : but before^ we enter upon the proofs
neceflary to decide that other queftion, concerning the exi%nce or non-exiftenceof a N. W.
or N. E. pafTage, it will be expected, that we
fhould not only lay before the Reader the facts
that have appeared in the courfe of the Voyages made in their acific Ocean, which we are
nowr about to relate, but thofe alfo that arc to
be gathered from the Voyages made in the Atlantic Ocean for the like purpofe.
Not only Navigators the mod "celebrated
m yieij ^imes but gven philofophers and cof-
mog$a§jhers of the firft eminence have con-
tendecb^rom analogy, that a communica.
tfen between the-Atlantic and great Pacific
Ocean muft exift fome where in the ^Northern
I xl
Hemifphere, in: like manner as the fame exifts
by the Straits of Magellan in the Sout-jjirn He>~
mifphere ; this appeared fo certain to the Cab-
bots, the moft renowned Navigators of the 15th
century, that the younger Sebaftian at the rifqufe
of life* propafed the difcovery of that paflagf
to Hepry the Vllth ; and thojugh he failed by
the mutiny of his crew, after he had failed as
high as the 68th degree of northern latitude,
yet that prince was fo well pleafed with his endeavours, that he created a new office in his fa-
vQur, a#d appointed him grand pilot of England, w-ith a falary of 166 1. a year during JU^^
which at that time was noinconfiderable fum.
He returned by the way ofp Newfoundland^
bringing home with him two Efquimaux.
it was long, however, before a fecond attempt
was made with the profefl^ defign of cjifco-
vering a North-weft paflagg^; The, attention of
the nation was too much fixed on projects/towards the South, to attend to tny thing that
had reference to enterprizes in the North.
Some t,here were however who held the object
in view : and in 1576 Sir Martin Forbi^r with 2
fmall fhips attempted the Difcgy^y; and having found a Strait on the Southernmoft point
of Groenland, through which he foiled about
50 leagues, with high land on both fides, he
pejrfuaded himfelf that he had fucceeded in his
enterprize; but after repeated trials, fining
£is error, he gave over the fearch.
In a few years after Sir Martin, Sir Humphrey
Gilbert renewed the hopes of the Difcovery By a
Voyage ro the North, w4iich, tho' it failed in the
iQain point, it proved of infinite advantage to the
nation in another. He coafted along the American
am Continent iforn the 6oth degredof?N6Hhern
Latitude till he feftmn with the Gulph of St.
fcawrence- whflSh be coBthtue&to ntirifrate titt?
He perceived the water to frefhen ; he theft took
poffefiion of;*taat vaft continent^ finefe: called
Canada by the French^ in the name of feisjSo-
v¥reign ; arid war thdofijift who proje^ed thfe
fifhery iftflfSfewfourfdldnd, ifed who promoted
tfie^ftafcliflMien^of it.
rNt# proportion as the commerce to the Eaft
increafed aa!$ became lucrative^ the defiffc of
erigrofiiffg the triHe by ffiortemng the paSfcge
dtitheisitftreafed alfo; tBende arofe an emula-
$bn amdffg tfe' merchants for difcovering the
paflase of which W6 are fpeaMng. Thofe in
London had concerted a project for that purfifcfe,
2nd thole in the Weft Country had a fijaikr
gfcoject in contemplarjoi ; batiifeifcher the one
nor tki other had&anaged their defigns with
fo much fecrefy, but that eacr? got acquainted
WitllNfhe others intentions. Thiis produced a
coafcion ; both agreed to join in the expence;
and both agreed in the appointment of Capt.
JohhlDavis, to conduct the Voyage.
In 1585 he embarked on board the Sun-
fhine, a bark of abood 60 tons and 23 men,
a^nded by a veffel of 35 tons with 19 men
to wh&h he gave the name of the Moon-fhine
He failed from Dartmouth on the 7th of May.
The firtl land he made was an Iflfcnd neaf the.
Sotfthernmoft point ofbGroenland, which, from
its hoittd appearance, he named the Ifland of
Defolation. In his progrels he pafTed the Strait
that ftill bears his name, and advanced as high
as the latitude of 66 in ah open fea, the coafts
of which he examined till the approach of winter Hi
i mr r o d u c t ircrN.
ter obliged  him  to  return, with evsiiy hop&j
however, of fucceeding another year.?   On hk>\
arrival, his   employers   were   fo well pleafed
with the relation he gave and the progrefs he
had made, that they next year augmented hbk;
force, and fent him out with four veflels, one
of which, the Mermaid, of 120 tons burthen^he
commanded himfelf, and the other three, (the
Sunfhine, Moon-fhine, and the North-ftar a
pinnace of 13 tons only) were furnifhed with
mailers of his own recommendation.
On the 7th of May he fet fail from Darf^
mouth, and fleered a ftrait courfe till he a?rived
in the 6othcdegree of latitude, when he divided
his fleet, ordering the Sun-fhine and North ftaa
to direct their fearch to:$he jgHth-eaftward asf
f&r as the 80th degree, N. while he with tbj|;
Mermafd and Moon-fhine fhould continue thejfe
former fearch to the N. W. where he had al?!
ready contracted an acquaintance with the in^
habitants in  his former Voyage, from wh^pv
he hoped to receive confiderable information.
At firft they expreffed greafijo'y at his return,
but they foon (hewed the clovenrfoofc^rffihey
were fond of iron, and he gave them knives;
knives did not content them*? they wanted hat#|
chets ; when they got hatchets, they cut his carti
hies,   and  ftole one of  his  coafting anchors^
which he never again recovered.    He took one>
of the ring-leaders prifoner,   who  after fo|jf£
time proved a ufefulhand ; but they furpri$ed
five of his men, of whom  they  killed two,
grievoufly   wounded   two more, and the fiftj|?
made his efcape by fwimming tq th£ fhip with
an arrow flicking in his arm. ? In this voyage-
he coafted the Jand, which he fountj to ba^a^*;
ifland" IN T'R O DfU C Tf!~0 N.      xlfe
Inland from the 67th to the 57th degree, N-
and at length anchored in a fair harbour, eig^j
leagues to the Northward of which he conceived
the pafTage to lie, as a mighty fea was ken ruiji^
ine betweeniwo headlands from the Weft: In*
to this fea he ardently wifhed to have failed ; bu$
the wind an& current both oppofing his defign^
he was obliged, by the remonftrances**tof his
people, to relinquifh that lavage coaft, and, as
the feafon was far advanced, to return^o^ie*
When he arrived he met with the Sun fhinffo
but the North-ftar was never feen more.
His misfortunes did not abate his zeaL|j".He
Was prepofTefTed with the certainty of a N**W.
pafTa)ge,and he prevailed upon other adventurers,
in conjunction,y/ith fome of his former friencls*
to enable him to make a third trial, which proved
no lefs unfortunate than thofe he had attempted
before; notwithstanding whieh, could he have
ra.ifed friends to have advanced the money, he
would have continued his refearches till death
had put an end to his labours.
Thefe repeated difappointments threw a damp
for a while on this favourite purfuit; and it was
not till the year 1610, that the former fpirit of
(Jifcovery began to revive.
In that year, Mr. Henry Hudfbn projected
§ new courfe towards the N. W. which brought,
him to the mouth of the Strait tflat now bear*
nis name. This he traced tuThe came into an
open fea ; but the feafon being paft for making
any farther progrefs at that time, he prevailed,
tipon his crew, by flattering their avarice with
the certainty of gain, to winter on that mhof-
pitable coaft, though deftitute of provifions
fpr a fihgle month.    While their provifions.
tefted xliv       INTR &D U C T 10 $V
lafted they were contented; and the tale of
riches and glory that had been told therrt
£jRerifhed their hopes; *but when famine artct
cold began to pinch, the ideal profpect va-
nifhed, and nothing but murmuring and
mutiny fucceeded, which ■ endejti in the tragical death of the Captain and feven of his
fick followers, who, unable to make refiftance,
were fet adrift in the boat, while thofe ^Who
were in better health feized the fhip, and made
the beft of their way home, and on their return
gave fuch an account of the certainty of the paf-
fage, as left no room to doubt of the difcovery.
' Accordingly, the very next year Sir Henry
Button undertook the tafk, and fleered directly
tcr the new-difcovered fea, in which he failexf
more thanjfbo leagues farther to the §rW.
than the Difcoverer, wintered at Port Nelfon,
where he loft ne^aTrfialf his men, and returned
the next year, roitfildly aliening the exiftence
of the pafiage, though he had not been fojiap-
py as to find it.
Sir Henry was^Earce returrffd before James
Hafijand Wfilliam Baffin fet laffi with a view to1
(hare the honourof the DifcoVefy.
In this attempt Hall fell by the handvSF1!?
favage, and Baffin foon returned,* out with a full
defign to renew ms purfuit, whenever he couW
find an opportunity fo. to do. Tnis did not
happen till th¥'year 1615, when he examinfa
^fe fea that communicates with Davis's ftraits,
which he found to be* no other tharpa great bay,
with an inlet from the north, to wfiich he gave
t$ie name cf Smith's Sound, lat. 78.
About this time the Hudlon's Bay Compart?
was eftabiifhed, who by charter were* obTiged:t3
profecute&his difcovery, as were likewife thofe
mailers- of veflels that were employed in the
whale fifhery; but neither the one nor the
other paid much attention to the chief object
of their eftablifhment.
In the year 1631 Luke Fox, commiffioned
by king Charles the Firft, made a voyage in
fearch of the fame pafiage, but to as little pur-
pofe as the reft.
He was followed by Capt. James, who after
the moft elaborate fearch from one extremity
to the other of the bay, changed his opinion,
and declared that no fuch pafiage exifted; and
it was not till a hundred years after that Capt.
Middleton undertook, upon the moft plaufible*
grounds, and at the in fiance and by the recommendation of Arthur Dobbs, Efq; to make
another attempt, and perhaps a final one, as
the non-exiftence of a north weft pafiage thro*
Hudfon's Bay was then made almoft as certain
as the non exiftence of a fouthern continent is
But it was not yet certain, that fuch a paf-
fage might not be found on the weftcrn fide of
America, as there is a remarkable note in
Campbell's Voyages, on which that writer, who
was a great advocate for the pafiage in queftion,
lays great ftrefs. He fays, that Capt. Lancaftcr,
of the Dragon (afterwards Sir James) who commanded the firft fleet to the Eaft Indies, having
heard a report while there, of another pafTaoc
to that country, and being on his return home
overtaken by a ftorm, in which the Dragon loft
her rudder,^-and was otherwife in danger of pe*
rifhing, yet being unwilling to defert her, he
wrote a letter and fent it on board the Hector,
to which was added the following P. S. " The
paf- ft:
pafiage to the Eaft Indies lies in 62 deg; scnmin.'
by the N. W. on the American fide."—It was'
therefore to determine this queftion with a9
much certainty on one fide of America as it'
had been on the other, that our great naviga^
tor was fent out on the late voyage, and it may
now be fairly concluded on his examination, added to thofe of the Jate and former Spanifh
Voyagers, and the Ruffian difcoveries, that no
fuch pafiage exifts, though it is:Remarkable,
that in the lat. of 61 deg. 15 min. an open*
ipund was difcovered, which they.traced till*
they came to a ftiallow bay5 impracticable for
flapping, into which a deep freih water river
emptied itfelf, with high land on both fides.
This river Capt. Cook caufed to be examined
with boats, but being more than 50 degrees of
long, from the neareft coaft of Hudfon's Bay,
there cannot be the leaft (hadow of reafon to
fuppofe, that it can have any communication
With that fea.
Let us now proceed to the Voyage.
A Voyage VOYAGE,
; D   I   S   C   O   V   EfR   Y,
Captaih  C O O K,  Commander.
AVING taken in our guns at the Galleons,
and what flores were wanting,
On the 14th of June 177*% both fhips came
to an anchor at the Note; but our frefh provifions being nearly exhaufted, we weighed
next day, and left the Refolution waiting for
, her commander.     v
On the 16th, came too off Deal, and received
on board a great quantity of beef and mutton
for the (hip's company, and a boat for the
Captain's ufe. It blew hard in the night and
all the next day.
On the 18th we weighed anchor and failed;
but we had no fooner entered the channel than
a ftorm arofe, by -which we were driven into
Portland Roads, where we received confiderable
damage.   We had blowing weather till
.! ,
*/. H
2        Capt.   COOK*s   Voyage.
The 26th, wllsjp8fe arrivtd at FlyBKRKliY
There we found a large fleet of men of war and
tranfports with troops on board for America,
and faluted the Admiral with 11 guns. They had
been driven in by ftrefs of weather,* feveral of
them much damaged* About 12 at noon we
came to moorings in the Sound.
On the 30th the Resolution arrived, faluted
the Admiral, and came -too and moored clofe
by us-.
jtt was now found neceflary to go into harbour
to repair the damages our fhip had received in
the ftorm of the 18th, and the Refolution proposed to wait till we were in readinefs; bur it
was with difficulty that an order was obtained
for the carpenters to proceed, and when it was
obtained, it was fome time before it could be
cawried kto execution* The repairs of the fleet
for America being judged of grgater confe-
quence than the repairs of a fingle (hip.
The Refolution tired with delay, when the
day came that fhe fet fail on her former voyage,,
which was
On the 12th of1 July8, the impatience of the
(hip's company, and the notion they had enter*
tained of its being a lucky day, induced Captain Cook to comply with their importunities,
and he accordingly fet fail, leaving orders m$H>
Capt. Clarke to follow him to St. Jago, one of
theCapede Verd Iflands, and if he feould i&erfe
mif§ Capt;  CQOK's  Voyacf.        $
mifs of him, to purfue his courfe directly for
the Cape of Good Hope. |||
This was unwelcome news to the (hip's com*
pany of the Difcovery, who were equally impatient to be gone, and who were not without
their prognoftics, their omens, and fancies, any
more than their neighbours; but necefllty, that
irrefiftibk conqueror, to whofe power all human
paffions mult fubmit, compelled their acquiescence, though it could not remove their fcruples.
During this tedious interval of unavoid*
able delay* a fuccinct account of Omai, the
native of Ulietea, who embarked with Captain Cook on board the Refolution on his ret-
turn hotne, will give thofe who never faw him*
fome idea of his perfon and character. [Since
the Writer's return home, he has been able
to collect from the writings of the gentlemen,
who had the beft opportunities of knowing and
converting with Omai while in England, their
fentiments refpecting him, which though not
entirely correfponding with his own, (as will be
feen in the fequel) yet in juftice to the public*,
he thinks it incumbent upon him. to conceal
nothing that has appeared in his favour. For
which teafon, if in the courfe of the Voyage,, a
Afferent reprefentation fhall be found of him,
let it be remembered, that what is here faid
is taken from hear-fay only; but for what
(hall be faid hereafter, the Writer makes him-
felf accountable.]
This 4
Capt.  COOK's   Voyage^
This man, it appears, by the teftimonV of
Captain Cook, had once fome property in his
own country, of which he was difpoffefifed by
the people of Bolabola.    Captain Cook at firft
wondered that Capt. Furneaux would encumber himfelf with fo ordinary a perfon, who was
not, in his opinion, a proper fample of the inhabitants of thofe happy iflands -9 and Mr. Fof-
ter fays, it is doing him no injuftice to aflert,
that among all the inhabitants of Otaheite and
the Society Ifles, he had feen few individuals fo
ill-favoured as Omai; neither did he feem of
eminence in rank or parts, any more than in?
ihape, figure, or complexion, to attract the notice of an enlightened nation, but feemed, adds
Mr. Fofter, to be one of the common people ;
and the rather as he did not afpire to the
Captain's company, but preferred that of the
armourer and common feamen 5 yet, notwithstanding the contemptible opinion, 'which both
thefe gentlemen feems to have entertained of
him at firft, when he reached the Cape of Good
Hope, and the Captain drefled him in his own
clothes, and introduced him to the beft company, he declared he was not a tomtom, or one
of the common  clafs, but a boa, or attendant
on the King; and Captain Cook acknowledges^
that fince he arrived in England, he had his
doubts whether any other of the natives would
have given more general fatisfaction.    It will
not, we prefume, be thought tedious if we add
his Capt.  COOK's  Voyage.       5
fits character, as drawn by Captain Cook and
Mr. Fofter, in their rCfpective hiftories of the
Voyage undertaken, to determine the exiftence
or non-extftence of an American Continent, in
17720 H       Jill A       7
«4 Omai," fays Capt. Cook, $ has moft certainly a good underftanding, quick parts, and
honeft principles; he has a natural good behaviour, whkh rendered him acceptable to the
beft company, and a proper degree ofspride,
which taught him to avoid the fociety'df per-
jfens of inferior rank. He has paffi#ns of the
fame kind as other young men, but has judgement enough not to indulged them in any improper excels. I do not imagine (adds the
Captafe) that he hasPShJr diflike to Efjudt, and
if he had fallen into company, where the per-
fon who drank the moft met with th$ii&ft approbation, I have no doubtJBut that he would
have endeavoured to gaintaS*applaufe of thofe
with whom he aflbciated 5 but fortunately for
'him, he perceived that drinking Was very litde
in ufe but among inferior people; and as fee
wa» very watchful ihtoltak* manners and conduct of the perfons of rank who honoured him
with their protection, he was fober and nio*.
deft; and I never heard that during the whole
time of his flaying in England, which was two
years, he ever once was difguifed with wine,
or ever fhewed an inclination to go beyond tfce
ftricteft rules of moderation.
" Soon 6 Capt.   COOK's Voxa&e.
44 Soon after his arrival in London, the Earl
of Sandwich introduced him to his Majefty
at Kew, where he met wkh a moft gracious receptions and imbifeed the ftrongeft ftnpreflions
of duty and gratitude to that great and amiable Prince, which 1 am perfuaded he wjll -pse-
ferve to the lateft moment of his life. During
his flay he was carefled by many of the chief
No&tlity ; but his principal patrons were the
Earl of Sandwich, Mr. Banks, and Dr. So-
Captain Cook adds, " that though Omai
lived in the midft of amufements during his
refidence in England, his return to his own
country was always in his thoughts, and though
he was not impatient to go, he exprefTed a fa-
tisfaction as the time of his return approached.'*
Thus far Capt. Cook; and though there are
fome traits of this character to be found in that
drawn by Mr. Fofter, yet his good qualities are
there' fo blended with childifhnefs and folly, that
one can hardly think it applicable to the lame
identical perfon.
Omai," fays Mi. Fofter, ** has been? coa*
fidered either as remarkably ftupid or very intelligent, according to the different allowances
which were made by thofe who judged of his
abilities. ( His language, which is deftitute of
every harfh confonant, and where every word
ends with a vowel, had fo little exercifed hk
organs of fpeech, that they were wholly unfit
Si to
mm Capt.  COQrK'^ Vqyacs.        7
to pronounce the more complicated £ngli&
founds; and this phyfical or rather habitual
defect, has too often been mifeonftrued. Upon
Ins arrival in England, he was immediately introduced into general company, led to the
moft fplendid entertainments, and prefented at
court amidft a brillant circle of the firft nobility. He naturally imitated that eafy and elegant politenefs which is fo prevalent in all thofe
places.; he adopted the manners, the occupations, and amufements of his companions, and
gave many proofs of a quick perception and
lively fancy.. Among, the inftances of his intelligence, I need only mention his knowledge
of the game of Chefs, in which he had made
an amazing proficiency. The multiplicity of
objects which crowded upon him, prevented
his paying due attention to thofe particulars,
which would have been beneficial to himfelf and
his countrymen at his return. He was not
able to form a general comprehenfive view of
our whole civilized fyftem, and to abftract from
thence what appeared moft ftrikingly ufeful and
applicable to the improvement of his country.
His fenf&Pwere charmed by beauty, fyrnnldfry,
harmony, and magnificence 5 they called aloud
for gratification, and he was ace udomed to
obey their voice. The continued round of egf*
joymentJs left him no time to thinfc of his fu*
ture life ; and being deftitute of the genius of
a Tupai'a, whofe foperior a$liUe¥%oul# have
enabled BBS
* Capt.  COOK's   Voyage)
enabled him to form a plan "for his own Conduct, -'-Its underftah(ft% remained unimproved.
After having fpenMlear two yearsSff^&ngland,
Mr. Fofter adds* stha# has judgmentiwas in its
infant flate, and therefore (when he was preparing to return) he coveted almoft every thing
he faw, and particularly that which amufed
him by fome unexpected effect: to gi&ify his
childifh inclinations, as it fhould feem, rather
than from any other motives, he wasdindulged
Wiitk'a portable organ, an electrical machine^!
coat of mail, and a fuit of armour."
<MSuch is the account,: and fuch the'Character
of $iis child of curiofity, who left* hit'country
and his connections to roam he did not know
whereaihor for what, haviri^no idea of improving the arts^manwfactures, or commerce,
of his country, or do traducing ^oie ufefol fci-
ence among them, if He carried wfeh him, be-
fides the articles above enumerated, a profufion
of almoft every thing that can Ipe named, axes,
faws, chiffels, and carpenters tools of every
kind; all forts of Birmingham and Sheffield wares;
guns, piftols, cutlafies, powder and ammunition ; needles, pins, fifh-hooks, and various
implements for fport; nets of all1 forts ; with
hand engines, and a lathe for turning. He had
likewife cloaths of different colours/ and different fabrics, laced and plain; fome made
in the ftyle of his own country, and fevjlral after our manner: fome o§ thefe laft he bartered
with Capt.   COOK's   Voyage. 9
wkk the petty officers (after he had pafTed jjlew
Zealand) for red feaibers. He was like wife
plentifully fupplied with glafs and china wares,
with beads and baubles, fome of great value *
medals of various metals; a watch was prefented*
to him by a perfon of diftin$idn : in fhort, nothing was witheld from him that he required
either for trade in hjs own country, pr for cu-
When he came on board the Refolution, he
difcovered uncommon ecftafy ; but when he
parted with the gentlemen who accompanied
him, ^fePitears, as Mr. Fofter obferves, flowed
plentiful!^; but they were childifh tears ; and
the moment his old friends had left the fhip,
he was as lively and brifk as ever. He fhewed
no concern about leaving th^country, but ft|f
ther rejoiced at his gpjog.
We fhall fee in the fequel how he behaved
pn board, and in what manner he was received
on his return home. And now having $nc$
more got our fhip in rpadine§^ an4 every thing
neceflary re-imbarked,
On the ill of Auguft we weighed, and pro-,
ceeded, with all fails fet, to join the Refolun
tion. While our fhip was repairing, it 'was 00-
fervable, that thofe who had never been em:*
ployed on difcovery befspe, were more impatient to depart, than thofe who had already ex*
perienced the feverities of a Southern Naviga#
;tion near ,and.|ff\|hin;.the pofer circle; ana] it
:-ujir E was
j«.. ifo Capt.   COOK's   Votage.
was diver&fig $&B0ugh to liften to the ludicrous
remarks of thefe laft, on&beif freffo-water. brethren as ffcey ca$ed them, whom they "ventured
to forete^ would,r#ke the Jews smithfciiMlder*
ne^ be the'firft toosurmer and cry wuc for^sfo
leeks and the oni&tts of Egypt; intknath&g thereby, #»'#£ When thefe raw faifors came among
the iflands of-ice $ft ChfeQfrozen regions, to feel
the effects of fcanty fare and hard duty,>tiiep
would then be the firft to repent their impe-
tuofity, and to figh lor t(i€ beef 1*nd the beeb
of the land ifoey wetfe now <S6 defirous to leave.
We proceeded with labriifk gale till the ^ch,
when in figl^; oWtCape filrtftirre, thie^ouds
began to darken, and die ocean to fwell, and
to'^fftreaten by every appearance an approaching ternpefti^Several fhips were then in fight,
and we could clearly d§$ern that'they were preparing, m wefl*fk otriifelves, to meet the ftotm.
For'twenty four hours it bldwed and ratneS
iirc%anfty ; but on the 9th, a calm fucctfeded,
wh*lcn fewever was not of long continuance;
for in the evening of the fame cf^% tfrtihder*
enlightened, and tHfcr'rain poured down in cor-
VtSits. The drops w&e fuch as no man on
board had feen the like. To pffevent the effects IHPfte lighting, it was thought necef-
fary to let fall the chA frotti the maft-hcad :
a precaution which Capt. Gierke never omitted
when there was danger from an accumulation of
electrify in the atmofjShei«e to fee apprehended*
On, CaptAcOOK's   Voyage.   ■  m
On the 20th,>feeing a fhip to windward beefing down very faft, and fufpecting her to be
an American privateer, all hands were ordered
to quarters, to be in readinefs to engage. She
proved to be a Lifbon trader, wh^ by the violence of the gale the day before, had been
drifgn many leagues to the Weftward of her
courfe, and was in fome dujrefs. We fpared
her thofe things of w^ch (he flood moft in
need, and pureed our Voyage. ^
Nothing remarkable till the 18th, when the
(hip's company were put to fhort allowance of
water, and the machine erected to diftil fea-
water. This was oceafionally made ufe of during the Voyage, and anfweifcd very wejjfor fome
particular purpofes, but was ill relifhed by the
failors foBboihng their meat. Theft precautions were taken left the Refolution fhould have
leftrfrt. Jago, and the Difcovery obliged to proceed to the Cape, without being able to procure a frefh fupply.
On the 19th we croffed the Tropic of Cancer for the firft time, and,
On the 28th, came in fight of St. Ja^ bearing NW. diftant about fix or feven leagues.
We bore away inftantly for the Bay,;?i!nd at
eight in the morning made lancF!!^!* officer
was fent afhore with all fpeed to make enquiry,
who brought word back that the Hefol^gon
had touched at that Port; but had haliened
fcer departure, as the rafey feafon was approach
E 2
jA iH
Wr.   CWK'sVjy
ing, and it was unfafe to remainOrnere long dun*
irioftts continuance^ The fame reaforiPthat had
induced the Refbluuon to proceed were doubly
prefling upon us. It was now the*time when
the rainy feafon prevails, though #£ had as yet
obterved none of its approaches, ft is generally
preceded by a ftron^jfotitherly wind, and a
great (well, The fea comes rolling olti and
dafhing furioufly^gainft the rocky-lpiorefkaufes
a frightful furff.    Sometimes tornadoes or vio-
'lent WmrlwiHds ariti nearhthe coaft, anlHgre^t-
ly increafe the dangeti-^For this reafon, from
the middle of Auguft tilt the month of Nv*
-1fembefifePor& Pray a is but little frequented.
The officer was no fooner returned, and the
boat hoifted on board, than we made fail with
a gentle breeze, which continued till
^SWSeptember i ft, when a dreadful tempett
arofc, in which we every moment expected to
"bfci fwallOWedrlHip. i!Fhe thunder and lighrea-
ing were not more alarming, than the (beets of
rain,inrhich fell (d heavy as to endanger the
(taking of the fhip, and at the fame time,
thofcsgh ip the open day, involve^lis in a
cloud of darknefs, than which nothing could
|be more horrible: providentially the continuance of this tempeft was but (Jiort; it began
•about nine in the morning, and before noon
the whole atmofphere was perfectly ferene, and
not a fpot nor a fhade to be feen to mark the
place of this elemental conflict.    However, in Capt.  CO'OI'j Totac^'       if
this fhort period, our fofferings nearly kept i
pace with our apprehenfions, having our maintop-gallant yard carried away in the flings, and
the fail frittered in a tfeotsfand pieces; the jib,
and middle ftay-fails torn clear off, and the
(hip fo ftrained as to make1 all hands to the
pumps neceflary. The afternoon was employed
in repairing the damages, and difcharging the
water which haditbeen (hipped as well from
the heavens, as from the.fea.
September 2* g, 4, the weather continued
ftjually, with rain * bur as We approached the!
Line, a calm fucceeded, and the Iky became fe-
rene'9 but with a hazWiefs and languor, as if
the current of the air, like water upon an equi-
poife, moved only by its own impulic?. Nothing
could be more tedious and difagreeable than
this calm; but fortunately it was of fhort con-'
September 5th, af eight in the morning &W
a fail, thefecond we had feen fince we palled
Cape Finifterre on the coaft of Spain. We
were at this time intent on filhing $ and having
hooked a (hark of an enormous faze, both ofli-
cers and men were engaged in gttriog him on
JaOard. When he was cut op, there Were fix
young ones found in his belly, about two feet
long each. Thefe were divided among the
officers, and one was dieiled for the great c**
bin.   The old one was eaten by the Slip's crewj
■*—*r?^^-,.-.      ; !$    | Capt,  COO K*s  Voyage;
to whom frefh food of any kind was now become a dainty.
The weather continuing fine, the Captain ordered the great guns and fmall arms to be ex-
ercifed ; the (hip to be fmoaked, and the bedding to be aired.    Thefe laft articles, it may be
once for all neceflary to obferve, were never
omitted during the whole courfe of the Voyage,
when the weather would permit; but were more
particularly neceflary in eroding the Line, as it
has been obfervjed that the whole wood-work
betiveen decks, in this low latitude, is more apt
to become mouldy, and the iron to ruft, than
in higher latitudes,   probably owing to  that
(luggifhnefs in the air that has been already noticed,   and  for whkh Nature feems to have
provided  a remedy by the frequent tempgfts
and tornadoes, to which this part of the ocean
is remarkably fubject.
Nothing worth notice till the 17th, when we
eroded the line. The weather being fquaify,
the ufual ceremony of keel-hawling the failors
who had never eroded it before, was omitted.
Tils ceremony is fo well known, that it were
needlefs to defcribe it.
On the 20th the weather became moderate,
when upon examination, the (larboard main
truffel-tree was found to be fprung.
On the 20th, George Harrifon, Corporal of
Marines, fitting carelefsly on the bowfprtt
diverting himfelf with the fporting of the fifties,
fell ClfcN   COOK's  Voyage.       i$
fell over-board. He was feen to fall, and the
(hip was inftantly hove to, and the boats got
ouf With all poffible expedition; but he was
never again feen to rife. His Dutch cap was
takeW up at the fhip's flern; and as it was
known^lhat he could f#lm as well as any man
on board, the boats made a large circuit round
the fhip, in hopzs to recover him, but in vain.
It is-remarkable, that in Captain Cook's former
Voyage, one Henry Smock, one of the Carpenter's mates, fitting on the fkuttle, fe® overboard about the famepMce, and much in the fame
manner, and fhared the fame* fate. Both thefe
were youbg*lrien, fober, and* of good characters. Their lefs was regretted by the officers, bl^
more particularly fo by their comrades arrffig;
the crewjW It is more than probable that both
were inftantly fwalfowed up by iharfcs thlftf
conftantly attend the fhips.
On the i ft of Auguft we caught a large
(hark, ten feet long, with feveral young dolphins
in her belly : part of the entrails, when cteatrfed
and dref&d, were eaten in the great cabin,
and the body given to thofe by whom it was
caught, When fryed, it is tolerable meat;
but the fat is very loathfome.
On the 15th a ftorm arofe, accompanied
with thunder, lightening, "and rain. As it was
not fo violent as thofe we had before experienced, it proved more acceptable than alarming,
as it fupplied the fhip's company with a good
E 4 quantity M      Cap^ tO O^'s  Voyage; ,
quantity of frefh water, w,hjeh ^hey caught if!
blankets or by other contrivances^every one,as
he could. What was iaught in the awningg
was faved for the officers :^fe.
On the 20th it blew a hurricane—handed the
fails, and l$y to all night under bare poles.
On the 25th, the ftorm abated, and the fky
became clear; we obferved a fhip to the Southward, which by her courfe, we took for the
Refolution: We crouded fail, flood after her,
and foon came up with her. *$he proved to be
a Dutch advice-boat bound to the Cape.
On the 28th our people began to look for
land; and the appearance of fome birds which
are known never to go far from fhore, confirmed
them that the extremity of the African coaft
was at no great d»fiance. Our Aftrpnomer,
however, was of a different opinion, and the
event proved that he Was right.
October tft, having now been at fea juft two
months, without once letting foot on land* thofe
who were unaccuftomed to fuch long voyages,
began to put on a very different afpect to that
they wore at firft fetting out. They were^ indeed, fomewhat comforted by the chearfulnefs
and vivacity which they obferved to prevail in
afeioft every countenance except their own;
from whence they concluded, that many days
could not elapfe before the painful fenfarjons of
a foiitary fea life would be recompenfed by the
pkafurable enjoyments they would find, when
they C^T.    C O § K' S   J^OYACE. ff
they came on fhore.||Such, perhaps, w^e;th$
feelings, at that time, of the writer of thgs
Journal. |j|
October 3d, we ftill obferved a great variety
of fifh and fowl to accojnpany the fhip,
.fome of i*^ich we had never noticed befor§£
and we could not but remark the difference in
this refpect, between the Weftern cc#ftf»of th£
Old Continent, and the Weftern coafts of the
New, in the fame latitudes. No fooner had we
croffed the Tropic of Cancer, than we were
amufed by the fporting. of the fifties, or more
properly, perhaps, by their unremitting labour
in purfuit of their daily food. Flying fifh are
generally the firft to attract the notice of thofe
who newer have been in thefe feas before, and
it is curious to attend to their,numberlefs windings and fhi&ings to elude the attacks oflthe
Dolphins and Bonitos, their declared enemies.
Whatever may be the defign of Providence in
the formation of thefe creatures, one cannot
help confidering their exiftence as a ftate of
perpetual punifhment. While they remain in
the water their enemies are there, and tho' nature has given them the power to quit that element, and to fly for refuge to the open air, yet
other perfecutors are there alio in wait for.tJieM
no lefs cruel than thofe they have efcaped.
Boobies, Man of War birds, and other Sea-fowis
are continually watching to make the Flying*,
fifh their prey, while the ravenous Sharks afd
iM* *i:B     no
. —SSTigSS:
^ th        Capt.   COOrs   Voyage.
no lefs vigilant wmakSng reprifils on tlK Doit
jph?ns antrBonitds Thus, a paflage through
the tropical latitudes in this fea, exhibits one
continued fcene of warfare ; whilfr^in the other
fea all is peace and unlfbfcm tranquillity. Thefe
reflections natural ly occur when the mind, on-
occupied with variety, is difpofcd for contemplation.
On the 4th of Auguft, we too contributed
to fill up one act of this tragic drama, and by
catching a Shark, left dae tyrant the lefs to
vex the ocean.
On the 7th, at fix ik the morning, the man
at the maft-head, called out land; and at eight
wetcdtild all fee*it involved in a mifty cloud.
If^proved to be Table Land, bearing S W, at
the diftance of about ten leagues, which induced us to change our courfe from ESE; to
ssw. ;."■■■ -^^^^S^, ^Wm
On the 10th we entered Table Bay, and
On the 11 th, came to and  anchored in fix
fathom water, where, to our great joy, we found
the Refolution. ^p
We faluted the garrifon with 13 guns, and,
were anfwered by the fame number: Captain
Cook, with the principal officers and gentlemen
belonging to the fhip, came on board to bid us
welcome. By them we learnt that they had
been at the Cape near three weeks ; that they
had ftopt at Vera. Cruz only three days, and
had taken on board fome wine, of which they
Capt.  COOK*^ Voyaoe.        Wf
very kindly offered us a part, and that they
fkade no day at Port Praya except to purchafe
fome goats as prefents to the Chiefs of the
Southern Ides, i j$jj|'
On our landing, our Captain was met by the
officers of the garrifon, and the gentlemen belonging to the Dutch Eaft-India Company, whatre-
eeived him very politely, and gave him a general
invitation to (hare with them the entertainments;
of ^ihe place.
The fubordinate officers on board, ^were met
by another clafs of fciferior -gentry, belonging
to the fame Company, with alike invitation,
but on different terms. Almoft every officer
in the pay of the Dutch Company entertain ftraa?
gers, who lodge and board with them aa^mode*
rate terms, from two (hillings a*day to five.
Nothing in nature can make a more horrid
appearance than the rugged mountainsihatfifrrm
the Bay. One would almoft be tempted to
think that the Dutch had made choke of the
barreneft fpot upon earth, to fhew what may
be effected by flow induftry and continued per*
feverance; forifc^fides the craggy cliffs that render the open country almoft inacceflible, the
foil is fo fandy and poor, that, except fome
vineyards, there is fcarce a fh?ub or a tree to be
feen wienin any walking diftance from the plac$|
infomuch that the vaft profufion of all for& of
provifions of beef, mutton, poultry* flour,
Gutter, cheefe and every other neceftry, is
brought \
|||      C>wtfty,GOOK.,:ir Voyag^B   >
brought from four j^five. and twenty days jo»r>
ney ftrom Cape-town, where the Gov$j$tor afHpj
Company have their refkience.
This town has already been fo felly defcribed
by Captain Cook in his former voyage* and b|fi
other writers before. &m^ that kittle remains to
be added.    The town is neatly built, and according to the natural character of the Dutch*
as*»fcatly kept in order.    It has the advantage
of a fmall rivulet, by means of which there are
Canals in/all the principal ftreets of the town ^
on both fides of which are planted rows of ftate-
ly oaks.    The town is- fituated below the moun-
iainsi^and when feen from their' fu-mmits, ap->
peftts, with the gardens  and plantations that
ion-along the fhore, exceedingly pjtkurefque:
nothing can be more Romantic, nor any pro-
fpect more pleafing to the eye.
The fhip was no fooner moored, than all
hands were employed to (trip off the .rigging,
and to unload the ftores;. places proper for
repairing the one, and for airing and examin^U
ing the othe:«$ being prepared before-hand by
Captain Cook, and the utmoft difpatch was
made to fhortenour ftay, as the time for navigating the high latitudes through which we
were to pais, was advancing a pjkce, and the
Sefolution was already in a ftate fit-<t$ undertake the voyage.
What remained for Captain Cook to do when
we arrived, 'was chiefly  to purchafe live/cat|l&. Capt.  COOK's  Voyage.        i|
for prefents to Areessn the South Sea'l^Hkewife
live dock foHhe fh^s ufe; thefe are always the
laft things provided, becaufe^ftis found neoeif-
fary to (horten, as'much as poflible, theiraGO&r
tinuanee on board. He had already laid UiiJuffi-
•cknc ftore of beef, mutton poultry and greeiis
for prefent;i*fe, and had jcbatraeted forsi good
quantity of falted beef, to (ave what we had
brought from England, as that is found to
keep bettet*than the beef falted at the Cape,
thoagh fjthis laft is preferred for prefent ufe#
• Among the cattle purchafed, were four horfes
and mares of a delicate breed, for Omai $
feveral bulls and cows of the buffaioe kind,
as more fuitable to the tropical climates than
any brought from Europe; likewifefome AfiJ*
can rams and ewes ;talogs of the fhe kind, fame
wkh and fotne without puppies; cats we had
plenty on board, and goats Captain Cook had St. Jago.
Stored with thefe, the Refolution referable^.
the Ark, in which all the animals th#| were to
flock the earth were collected; and withj&eir
provender,£hey occupied no fmall part of the
(hip's (towage. &&
While the riggers, fail-makers, carpenters,
-caulkers, fmiths,   coopers,  and  ftore keepeus,
were bufily employed in $ieir feveral {rations,
the aftronomers were not idle, nor the furgeoni;'
the forftner were engaged iriJ^makirts: obferva^
lions; the latter in attending the fiek^ of whom.
there it        Qapt.   CQp0K£*s   Voyaoc.
there were not many, and thofe, on being car-
filed on fhore, very foon recovered The dry
foft air of the African mountains proved a re-
ftorative fuperior to all the phyfie in the world.
Of the efficacy of this fa|*&riouS{air, the Dut$h
Eaft-Indiamen have experience every voyage,
both in going to and returning from their fettle-
men ts in India.
While we remained at the Capey two of their
(hips arrived full of tick foldiers, who had been
enlifted in Holland, and who were in a mife-
rable condition both as to health and want of
,d»stfcion neceflTaries. They had been near five
months on eheir voyage from Amflerdam, and
had loft on the pafiage, more men than the
compliments of both our fhips amounted to,
owing to naftinefs and cbfe confinement. It is
remarkable, that no fhips have the appearance
of being neater kept than thofe of the Dutch j
nor any more flovenly where they are not ex-
po|bd to open view.
A very jmcommon incident happened while we
were at the Cape, which might have embroiled us
with the -government there, had hot the delinquent been found out and punifhed. It was difcovered that a number of couateniejt fchellings
and double keys had been circulated, and feveral
of our people had taken them in exchange for
gold. Complaint was made by our officers
againft the inhabitants, for taking the advantage of the ignorance of ftrangers to impofe
i&i counter-
w&mmm .Capt. €00 &'& Voyage.      %a,
counterfeit money upon them, was not to
be fuppofed that tttpyicooMjtbe judges of the
goodnefsof thei' country coib^jjOn the other
hand, the inhabitants chaijged the bad money
as proceeding from'«ak Each Were wana* in
their reprefentations, and each were pofirive in
their opinions. It was not thought pofiible%that
any of our people could be prepared to counterfeit Dutch money, and yet there had been
no inftance of counterfeit money.having ever
been feen at the Cape before the arrival of our
(hips at that port.   Thus the matter refted for
while, till one of tie fhips cooks, having obtained leave one day to go afhore, made himfelf
drunk, and offered bafe money in payment for
his liquor.    Being detained, and notice given
to his commanding officer, he caufed him to be
fearched, when feveral other pieces ©f a bafe
coin were found upon him ; and on examining
his cheft, the knptements were found artfully
concealed, by whkh he had been enabled to
scarry on the frauds He was inftantly deijvjsiicd
*p to the Dufcch Governor, to be tried by the
laws of the country w$er$<the offence was committed -, but it -not bilng clear, whether the
crime of coining was committed on fhore, or
on board his Britannic Majefly's fliip, the Ma-
giftracy very poi'rtely returned him, to be dealt
%ith as the Commander i« Chief Should think
Jjjfeeper; Who not being vefted with the power
of life and death in cMi-'ca$R» ordered him to
m *4        Capt.   C 0*0 K's ? Voyage.||
recelffe the difcipj&ie of tl^ fhip, and to be fe&j,
fcdmecin t^k Hampfbire Indiaman.    Thus end*
ed a very criticai'caffair, of which there is no
' inftance upon recor|pyq
On>the 27th of November ordersavere given
to prepare for failing.    And, m.
On the 28th of t&e^&me month, tl#Goveri-
nor and^principal Officers belonging to the Company, were eroertained on board the Refolution,
wheretheycameto tatte leave of our Captains before thSydepaiititepas we were expected to fail
"Jib a flw days, the repiiisof the fhips being fully
coin pleated^ The ftorps had all beeaiuordefed
on boafid fome days before, and a large quantity^ of beer purehafed for the fhipSs: company
at^^ie. only brewery*«that is publicly tolerated
wichin the jurifdiction of the town.    In fnorr,
there is not one neceflary article relating, do the
repairing^  providing, and victualling of fhip-
ping^ithat is not to be purchafed at the Cape
of .Good Hope, and that too at very reafonable
prices.  The wine at the Cape has been thought
dear; becaufe that of the choiceft vintage is
fcarce, and, like the (lyre in England, con*
fined to a very fmall fpot.    Of the real Con-
ftantia, which is the wine fo much prised in
Europe, the whole plantation does not perhaps
produce more than forty pipes annually, though
there may be two or three hundred difpofed of
under that name.    The wine commonly taken
on board the (hipping for the officer's, ufe, is qf
wi\ ■ a kind Capt.  COOK's  Voyage;       25
a kind not unlike Madewa, but of an improved flavour, the vines here being highly fublimed by the
warmth of the fun and the drynefs of the foil.
On the 29th our live flock were all got on
board, and properly provttled for and fecur-
ed; and having difpatched our letters to our
friends, and left nothing to do but to weigh
and fail.
On the 30th, having quitted our moorings,
we next day came to an anchor in 18 fathom
water. Penguin* Ifland bearing N, by W. five or
fix miles.
On the 1 ft of December, at three in the
morning, we took our departure, after faluting
the Fort with 11 guns, which they returned
with the fame number. At this time we obferved that luminous appearance about our
/hips, which different Voyagers have attributed
to different caufes ; but which Dr. Franklin has
endeavoured to account for on the principles of
Electricity. About five in the afternoon, we
met with one of thofe terrible gufts fo frequently experienced by Voyagers in doubling the
Cape of Good Hope, in which our main-fail
was fplit, but fortunately we received no other
damage; the fouthernmoft land then bearing S.
by E. diftance nine or ten leagues, both fhips
in company.
On the 4th in the morning it blew a hurricane, and fplit the jib. About two in the afternoon, unbent and bent another.
F On
H •
§ i     \lm
t&        Capt.   COQK'f  Voyage*   i
| On the ;th, the weather that had heeiHJoudy
and boifterous ever fince leading the Cape, be-
camj* clear anj| moderate. In latitude 39 cteg.
57 min. S. the Refoj^QPfs boat, with Mr> King,
the fecqo,d Mate, and Omai on board, came to
compare thg time-pieces* and found no mate*
rial ^ariati^n.
On the 10th, in lat. 4.3 deg. 56 S. a drea4!W
ftorm came on, which obliged both fhips to lay
to that and the (jewing night under bare poles.
On  the  12th, in  lat.  460  18' & it began
to fnow and hail, and the weather became Intolerably cojd; infomuch, that from a fcorch-
ing heat which we felt at the Cape, the change
was fo great in the tpace of thirteen days, tjiat
we y?ere obliged to line the hatchways w^ith
<anvas, to defend the men below as much as
pofiible from the effects of the froft.    Here^he
AlbatrofTes and other fea fowl, began tOffuake
their appearance; and here feals and porpoifes
were feen to fport about the fhip, which gave
us hopes of foon approaching land.
On the 13th, at fix in the morning, we came
in fight of land, having the appearance of two
iflands, the Eaftermoft bearing SSE| Ej
the Wefternmoft S by W ^ W. At ten in tjtje/
/forenoon, pafTed between the iflands through a
very narrow channel. Piercing cold, with fleet
and fnow, with which the iflands were lightly
covered, but neither tree nor fhrub to be feen,
nor any living thing, except penguins, and (hags,
■HUP Capt.   COOK's  VotagS        if
the former fo numerous that the rocks feemed
covered with them as with a cruft. Thefe were
the Marion Ifles already noticed.
M. de Marion, when he difcovered thefe
iflands, had two fhip's under his command, one
the MafcarW, Captain Crozet, the other the
Carrie, Captain du Clcfmure. They proceeded to the Southern extremity of New Holland,
and from thence to the Bay of Iflands in New
Zealand, where M. de Mariomwas killed witir
twenty-eight of his men by the natives. He
was obliged, having loft his mafts, to look out
for new ones in the woods of this country; but
when he had found trees -fit for his purpofe,
neceffity obliged him to cut a road three miles
long through the thickets, to bring them to
the water-fide. While one party of his people
were employed in this fervice, another party
was placed on an ifland in the bay, to cleanfe
the cafks, and fill them with water; and a third
was occafionally fent on fhore to cut wood for
the fhip's ufe; Thus employed, they had been
here thirty-three days upon the beft terms with,
the natives, who freely offered their women to
the failors, when M. de Marion, not fufpecting
any treachery, went one morning as was his cuftom
to vifit the different parties that were at work,
without leaving word that he intended to come
back to the fhips the fame day. Having called
to fee the wateiers, he went next to the Hippah,
a* fortification of the natives, where he com-
|P F 2 monly
•s® is
28 Capt.   COOK's   Voyage;     '
monly ufed to flop in his way to the carpenters,
encamped-in the woods, with  M.  Crozet ac
their head, to direct their operations.    Here he
was fuddenly fet upon;   and with his few attendants, barbaroufly butc!|ered ; as were  the
boat's crew that, carried him on   fhore.    Next
morning, the Lieutenant who commanded on
board, not knowing what had happened, fent
a party to cut wood, and when every one was
at work, the natives watched the opportunity
to fall upon them likewife, and murdered eveVf*
one except a fingle failor, who ran for his lift^
and threw himfelf, wounded, into the fea.   Being ,feen   from   the   fhips,   he   was  fpeedily
taken on board, and gave the general alarm.
M. Crozet's fituation in the woods, with his
fmall party, was now become moft critical.    A
corporal and four marines was immediately dispatched to acquaint him  of his danger, while
feveral boats attended to receive his people, at
a place where the fick had been lodged in tents,
for 'the recovery of their health.   Pie difpofed
every thing as well as the time would admit,*
arid effected his retreat to the fea-fide.    Here he
found multitudes of the natives aflembied, dreft
in their habits of war, with feveral chiefs at their
head.    M. Crozet ordered the marines who attended him, to direct their fire, in cafe he found
it neceflary to give the word, againft fuch perfons as he fhould point out.    He then  commanded the carpenters and  convalefcents to-
ftrike Capt.   CO'^K's  Voyage?      29
ftHke the tents, and the fick to embark firft,
with their whole apparatus, while he with the
foldiers, fhould talk with the chief. This man
immediately told them, that M. Marion was
killed by another chief, upon which M. Crozet
feized a flake, and forcing it into the ground,
made figns that he fhould advance no farther.
The countenance with which this action was
attended, ftartled the favage, whofe trepidity
M. Crozet obferving, infilled on his commanding the crowd to fit down, which was accordingly complied with*?:' He now paraded in front
of die enemy till all his people were embarked,
his foldiers were then ordered to follow, and
himfelf was the laft who entered the boat. He
had fcarce put off when the whole body of
natives began their fong of defiance, and discharged their vollies of flones; however, a fhot
from the fhip foon difperft d them, and the com-:
pany got all fafe on board, f From this time,
the natives became troublefome, and made
feveral attempts to attack his people by fur-
prize.'^They formed an attack againft the
watering party in the night, which, but for the
vigilance of the guard, would have been fatal
to them ; they3 afterwards openly attacked the
fhips in more than a hundred large canoes, full
of men, who had caufe forely to repent their
audacity, and feverely felt the effect of European arms. At length M. Crozet finding it
impoffibfe to fupply the fhips with mails, un-
F 3 lefs
"m 30       Capt.   COGK's   Voyage.
le$s he could drive the natives from his neighbourhood, made an at£ack#pon their I^ppah,
which they vainly boafted was beyond his power
to approach. He j^ced the carpenters in the
front, who inv an inftant levelled thfir palli-
fadoes with the ground; then cut ,a breach
through the mound, and levelled the ditch,
behind w)iich their warriqrs ftoo^in great numbers on their fighting flanges.
; Into this breach a cJiief inftantly threw fum-
felf, with his fpear in his hand. He was (hot
dead by M. Crozet's markfmen, and prefently
another occupied his place, ftepping on the
dead body. He like wife fell a victim to hm
intrepid courage, and in the fame manner eight
chiefs fuecgfljsjejy defended it, and'J?ravely felt
in this port of honour. The reft-fiseing their
%jaders dead, took flight, and the "Stench*
purfued an$ killed numbers oi, thtm.-—
^t| Crozj£ Offered fifty dojfars tot %oy perfoo^,
who fhould take a I^w Zealan^er alive, but
this wa§ found impracticable. A foidier feized
an old manp and j began to drag hjm towards
his Captain, but the favage, being difarmed,
tit into the flefhy part of his enemy's hand,
the exquifite pain of which, fo enraged the
foidier, that he ran the fellow through with his
bayonet. M. Crozet fojund great, quantities of
arms, tools and clothing, in this Hippaji, to^
gether with (lore o^dried fifh and roojs, which
feemed jo be intended for winter  grovifion.
He Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.        31
He now com^Ieated the repairs of his fhipS
wkhout interruption, and prof&uted hit voyage, after a flay of fixty-four days* in this Bay of
Iflands. From whence, after pafling through the
Weftern part of the South Sea, he returned by
the Philipphias, to the Ifle of France.
There appears fome inconfiflency  in  the
above relation, which we cannot help remarking.
. Rfeerns improbable, if M.Marion was mudered
in the Hippah1, fituated on the prominence of an
inacceflible rock, that the boatmen below, who
landed him, fhould not make their efcape, and
much more improbable, that neither the leadfet
nor "his followers fhoifld be miffed,   till the
woodmen were' maflacred by the favages the
next day.   Upon the whole, we. are rather ifif-
clined to think, confidering the ftrength of the
place, that the lofs might be fuftained in fair
combat.   M. Marion might find it neceflaryfor
the fafety of his people, to endeavour to drive
the favages from their Hippah or Fort, which
is one of the ftrbngeft in New Zealand.   Captain Cook, after defcribing it, adds,   that it
muft be confidered as a place of great ftrength,
in which a fmall number of refolute men may
defend themfelves againft all the force, which a
people with no other arms than thofe that are
there in ufe, could bring againft it.   M. Crozet,^ therefore, might think it lefs difhonourable
to attribute the lofs of his General and fo many
men, to the treachery, rather than the valour
F 4 of
/"2 I,   ..-   ■    ■    ;-*
32 Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
of the favages. jj|is acknowledged that the$r
defended the place bravely.    But to proceed,
On the 14th, the weather began to clear up,
and thefe iflands promifing no refrefhment, both
(hips purfued their courfe to the S E; wind
WSW; a brifk gale, but piercing cold. The
Captain ordered the jackets and troufers to be
delivered out, which, with the blankets and other
warm clothing provided by the Lords of the
Admiralty againft the feverity of thffrozen climates, were found of infinite ufe in preferving
the men in health, who were moft expofed to the
action of the froft.    |||
On theji^th, in lat. 48° 27' S. the fogs came
on fo thick that we could but juft difcern the
largeft objects at the diftance of the fhip's
length. This being forefeen, fog-fignals were
appointed, and repeated evejjy half-hour.
Nothing remarkable till |P
The 20th, when we loft fight of the Refolution. Signal guns were fired, falfe fires lighted,
and lights hung at the maft-head; but no
* anfwer received.
On the 21 ft, in the morning, the fog ftiH
continuing, a very heavy- ftorm caa^e on,
attended with fleet, and frequent gufts with
hail. All this day we continued firing fignal
guns, and at night burning falfe fires, and carrying lights at the maft-head; but all to ho
On the 22d, the gale ftill increafing, we
mm Sll    carried Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.       jjf
carried away our jibfheet, and fplit the jib;
but in the evening it cleared up, and fortunately for both fhips, the Refolution came in fight,
which revived the drooping fpirits of the crew,
who were now vifibly affected in finding them^
felves alone in a wide tempeftuous ocean, where
they could expect no fuccour in an adverfe moment, if,any fuch fhould happen; and where*
from the continual failure of one part or other
of the rigging, fuch a moment was much to be
We were now accompanied with a great variety of fea fowl, among which were, pintadoes,
fheerwaters, fulmers, and grey peterels, which
laft feldom appear at any confiderable diftance
from land.
On the 23d, (anfwering to the middle of June
in the Northern Hemifphere) the weather cleared up, and we were proceeding at a great rate,
ail reefs out, when on a fudden the weather
coming on hazey, increafed to a fog, and we
again loft fight of the Refolution; but on
ringing the fog bell, and firing a gun* we were
anfwered by ourconfort, to our inexpreffible joy.
About 12 at noon, the fog began to difperfe,
a clear fun-fhine brightened the horizon, afidf
(hewed that we were at no great diftance from
land. This, as it was unexpected, was the
more welcome. The man at the maft head
anounced it; but as it feemed at a great djf*
tance, very lofty, with the fummits of its hills
involved in mift, fome of our officers who had
accom- sn
54        Capt.   C(30K*s   Voyage.
accompanied Captain Cbok in his former voyage, and had experienced many difappoint-
ments from the fallacious refemblance of ice
illarids to thofe of land, expreflTed thetr doubts.
However, the nearer we approaclied it, the
more convinced we were of its reality, ftot
what feemed. to us very Angular, the fea began
to change its complexion, and from a dark
green colour, to look wliite Me milk -, we had
Indeed obferved the like phcenomenon before,
on eroding the Tropic in the Northern He-
mifphere; but do not fecolleet any fuc*fi appearance noticed by former voyagers in thefe high
Southern latitudes. ft
On the 29th, we obferved great quantities of
{ea-weed floating on the furface, and the fea*
birds to encreafe; and before noon were fo near
the land as to difcover rocks towering one upon
another, as we imagined, to an immenfe height;
but could difcern no plantations or other indications of its being inhabited. As the coaft appeared bold and rocky, it was judged proper to
proceed with caution. When we firft difcovered land, it bore South, but on advancing (lowly, we came in fight of a feparate ifland, bearing S E by S; which in the direction we firft
beheld it, feemed to be part of one and the
fame ifland.
On the'25th, at fix in the morning, wore
(hips, and flood in for the land ; we pafTed the
tremendous rock, which firft came in view, and
which Capt.  COOK's  Voyage.       35
which rofe to an aftonifhing height in form of
a fugar Jpaf, and bore away to the Lee Ifland,
where we fqund a bay wit^ good anchorage in
24 fatjftom water, oozy bottom; but the furf
father rough and inconvenient for landing and
On the 25th, at four in the morning, the
boats were fent out to reconnoitre the coaft,
and, if poffible, to difcover a more convenient
harbour for taking in water.,a About feven they
returned, haying found a, bottle with a letter
inclofed, importing that in January 1772, this
ifland^as uncovered by M, de Kergu^Jen; that
it contained plenty of water, but no wppd;
tjiat it was barren and without inhabitants; but
that the fhpres abounded with fifh, and the land
with feals, fea-Jions and penguins. The harbour where this bottle was depofited, being
more commodious than that where the fhips
were anchoVed; and Capt. Cook intending to
keep Chriftmas here, and refrefh his men, gave
orders to weigh, and the fhips to change their
ftation; which orders were inftantly obeyed^
The contents of the letter inclofed in the
bottle were in every refpect found to be true;
a, fhort account therefore of the voyager who
left it, will be neceflary to render our account
of the difcoveries in the South Seas compleat.
" M, de Kerguelen, a Lieutenant in the
French fervice, had the command of two fhips
given biip, the La Fortune, and LeGros Ventre.
He 3&IJI    Capt,   C 0*&$Fs 'Yoyagz^
He foiled from the 'Mauritius about the latter
end of r771, and on the 13th of January following, difcovered the-two ifles of which we are
now fpeaking, and to which he gave the names:
of the Ifles of Fortune.    Soon after M. de Ker*
guelen faw land, as it is faid, of a confiderable
cxtentland Jheight, upon which he fenr^one of
the officers of his own fhipa^head in the cutter,
tbllfpnd.  But the wind blowing frefh^tbe Captain of the other fhip, (M. de St. ABbuarn) in
the Gros Ventre, (hot ahead,  and ^finding a
bay to wSich he gave his fhip's name, ordered
his yawl to take pofleffion.    In the mean time,
M. de Kerguelen being driven to leewart^ and
unable again to recover his (ration, both boats1
returned on board the Gros Ventre, and the
cuVter was cut a-drift on account of the bad'
weather.    M. Kerguelen returned to the Mauritius,  and M. de St. Aflouarn continued for:
three days to take the bearings of this land, and
doubled its Northern extremity, beyond which-
it trended to the Southeaftward.    He coafted
k far the fpace of twenty leagues, but finding-
it high and inacceffible* and deftitute of trees,
he fhaped his courfe to New Holland,'and from
thence returned by way of Timor and Batavia,
to the Ifle of France, where he died.    M. de
Kerguelen   was   afterwards   promoted to the-
command of a 64 gun fhip, called the Rolland,
with the frigate FOifeau,  in order to perfect the
difcovery of this pretended land; but returned;
m with Capt.   COOK's   Voyage. 37
with difgrace, pretending again to have juft
feen it."
That the iflands we now fell in with are the
feme difcovered by Kerguelen, there cannot remain a doubt; but that M, de Kerguelen ever
faw a great country, fuch as he pretends, in or
near thofe iflands is very problematical. There
are indeed numberlefs iflands thinly fcatteredia
this almoft boundlefs ocean, as every day's experience evinces; but that there are none fo fu-
perior to thofe already difcovered in riches and
cultivation,, as fo be worth the fearch, will
(carcely admit of a queftion.
We were now bulled on board in repairing
our^rigging* which had fuffered much in the fife*
quent (quails with which we had been harrafled
ever fince our departure from the Cape; at the
fame time, thofe who were on fhore were no left
ufefully employed in fupplying the fhips with
water, and the crews with frefti provifions;
which laft, though not of the moft delicate
kind, yet to ftomachs cloyed almoft to loathing
with fait provifions, even feals, penguins, arid*
fea-fowl were not unfavory meat.
On the 27th, our repairs being nearly completed, and a great part of our water on board,
Chriftmas was proclaimed; a double quantity
ofgrogferved out to each common man; and
a certain proportion of wine and fpirits to every
petty officer : leave was likewife given to fuch
as were ailing, to go afhore for the benefit of
i 3§        Capt.   C O CJStU   Voyage.
the land air; and the officers of both fhips reciprocally met in compliment to each oeber;
pad dangers were forgotten, and the day was
fpent by the ccammon failors with as much rairth
and unconcern as if fafely moored in Portf-
mouth harbour.
On the 28th, parties were^erft out to procure
what vegetables the n/land produced, by way of
refrefhment -, bus none were found for otftinary
purpofes, except a kind of wild cabbage, and
that in fmattquaflfkies, and gathered with much
labour among thedMffs of the rocks. "«I$4$;.Ne&
Ion, a gentleman whonri Mr*;Bareks fent out to
collect fuch varieties as? he. mould find indigenous to the iflands and climates through which
he fhould pafs, found growing among thofe
cliffs, a kind of yellow mofsqf a fiiky foftnefs,
which he had not yet difcovered in any of his
former refearches.
On the 29th, the. Refolution weighed, with
orders to furround the ifland, in order to explore the oppofite fide, which, however, upon
examination, was found equally barren, craggy,
deep, and defolate, with that we had juft left.
Penguins and fea-lions, were its chief inhabitants, among which our people made great
havock; of the former for the fake of provi-
fion, penguins having been found tolerable eating
when frefh, or juft falted; and of the latter, for
blubber, which was afterwards boiled and converted into oil on our arrival at New Zealand.
On the 30th, at nine in the morning, we
fe*t^M ;   Capt.   COOK's  Voyage,       39
weighed, and took leave of this Ifland, which
we found by obfervation to lie in lat. 490 301 S.
2$? 10' long. At 12 the fbuthernmoft part of
the land bore S S W ■£ S. diftant about five
-leagues. We now purfued our courfe for Van
Dieman*s land, and having no difcoveries in
view, took, every advantage of the weather to
carry fail.
. On the 3ft of January, 1777, we obferved
great quantities of fea-weed paffing to leeward
in a direction contrary to that we had feen in
approaching the ifland, which gave reafon to
fuppofe there were other lands at no great
diftance,. and affords fome ground for believing
that M. de Kerguelen might have feen other
lands in this latitude. Nothing more remarkable prefen ted till
The 14th, when a hurricane arofe> accompanied with fo thick a fog, that our fhips were
every moment in danger of falling foul, one of
the other. We kept the fog-bell conftantly
ringing and guns firing, which were aniiwered by
die Refolution. The wind blew with fuch violence that we were obliged to take in all our
(ails,, to ftrike our top-galiant-mails, and to feud
under our bare poles. Tms ftorm continued with
more or lefs violence till the 19th, during which
time the Refolution had carried.away het main-
top-maft, and fore-top-gallant-maft andvard;
and the Adventure hadloft her top-gallant-fails,
fglifcher middle flay- fail& and had fcarce half a
yard remaining of her jib.
/rJ 4o       Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
On the 20th in the morning, we lay by to
repair our rigging; and the weather brightening up with a brifk but moderate gale in the
afternoon, we fet all the fails we could, unreefed
our top fails, and run at the race of feven and
eight miles an hour by the log, both fhips in
On the 2,2d, the weather continuing clear and
moderate, Mr. King, the fecond Mate of the
Refolution came on board to compare the timepieces. He brought word that the fhip's crew
werein perfect health, thofe only excepted who
had been hurt at the Cape, and even they were
fit to do duty; and that the damage they had
received during the blowing weather, was not
fo confiderable as might have been expected.
On the 24th in the morning, the man at
the maft-head called out, Land, diftance about
5 leagues, the Mewflone, fo called by Capt.
Furneaux, in 1773, bearing NE[E. Made
the fignal for feeing it, which was anfwered by
the Refolution.
On the 25th, founded and found ground at
55 fathom, fandy and fhelly bottom.
On the 26th, flood off and on to find the
bay* called by Tafman, Frederic Henry's Bay.
On the 27th came too, and moored in 14
fathom water, and was prefently joined by the
Refolution. No fooner were the fhips properly
fecured than the pinnace was ordered to be
launched, the boats to  be manned,  and all
mmmm.~—m *t* Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.        41
Jiands fet to work in wooding, watering, overhauling the rigging, and getting every thing in
readinefs to continue euj* courfe.
ILThe officers, aftronomers and gentlemen on
board both fhips eagerly embraced the opportunity of going afhore to take a view of this
delightful country,|; with the appearance of
which all on board were charmed. The firft
thing that attracted our notice were the trees,
that by their magnitude and loftinefs exceeded
every thing we had ever feen of the kind : but
what was remarkable we found many of them
burnt near the ground, and not a few lying in
a horizontal poiition, which being much fcorch-
ed had been thrown down by the violence of
the wind.
15iOn the 28th, Capt. Cook, accompanied by
officers and gentlemen from both fhips, and
guarded by a party of marines, made a fecond
excurfion into the country in order to make
difcoveries, and to procure, if potlible, an interview with fome of the inhabitants; they
penetrated feveral miles through paths that
feemed to have been frequented, before they
could get fight of any human being, till at
length palling by the edge of an almoft impenetrable thicket they heard a milling which at
firft they miftook for the roufing of fome wild
beaft ; but fearching clofely they found it to be
a girl quire naked and alone. At firft fhe feemed much frightened ; but being kindly treated,
and her apprehenfions of death removed, fhe
-f;S!    , i G became
s 42       Capt.   COOK^  Voyage.
became docile, and ready to aniwer every tiring
we could render intelligible to hef underftand-
ing. We queftioned her concerning her refiV
dence, which we did by pointing to-every beaten path, walking a little way in it, and theft
returning an^Aaknsg another, making motions
to her at the fame time to lead us along and we
would follow her. To make her qufce eafy,
one of our company pulled off his handkerchief
and put it about her neck by way of ornament,
and another covered her head with bis cap, and
then drfmififed her. She ran among the buftfcs,
and in lefs than an hour nine men of the middle
ilature made their appearance, naked but ar,med
according to the fafhion of their country ; thefe
were kindly treated by the company, one gentleman giving to one a partof his clothing, another
putting fomething upon a fecond, and fo on till
each had received fome trifling ornament for
his perfon, when all took their flight at once
as if by fignal, and vanifhed in an inftant.
It was not long, however, before die girl we
had firft feen returned, and with her feveral
women, fome with children on their backs, tied
by^ kind of hempen ibrings, and fome without children. Thefe were likewife kindly received, and led to trfc place where the wooders ,
were at work, with whom it was not long %e-
fore they became acquainted. They were however moft miferable looking objects, and Omai,
though led by natural impulfe to an inordinate
defire Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.       43
defire for women, was fo difgufted with them
that he fired his piece in the air to frighten them
from his fight, which for thjt time had the de-
fired effect. Night coming on, we aH returned
to our refpective fhips.
On the 28th, we extended our excurfions
$ill farther into the country, and found it beautifully diverlified with hills and vallies, ftately
groves of trees, rivers, meadows and lawns of
vaft extent, tykh  thickets full of birds of the
moft beautiful plumage, parrots and paraquets,
and birds of various notes whofe melodv was
truly enchanting; befides thefe we found fome
lagoons fuM of ducks, teal, and other wild fowl;
of which we (hot great numbers, while our Na-
turalifts were loading themfelves with the fpon-
taneous productions of the foil; a foil, we may
venture to fay, the richeft and moft fertile of
any in the habitable Globe, the trees growing to
an aftonifhing height and fize, and  not more
beautiful to the eye, than they are grateful to tfct
fmell.   We found fome that rofe ninety feet high
without a knot, and of a girt that* were we to
report it, would render the credit of the reporter doubtful.   It was now the time when
Nature pours forth her luxuriant exuberance to
cloath this country with every variety;   but
what appeared ftrange to us, the few natives
we faw were wholly infenffble of thofe bleffings,
and feemed to live like the beafts of the foreft
in roving parties, without arts of any kind,
G 2     IfJ? deeping
ill 44 Capt. COOK's Voyage; -ji
deeping in dimmer, like dogs, under the hollow fides of the trees, or in wattled huts made
with the low branches of ever-green flirubs
(luck in the ground at fmall diftances from each
other, and meeting in a point like (heaves of
corn in a field here after harveft.
Our fifhermen were no lefs fuccefsful in fifh-
ing difring our flay than our fowlers in fhoGjting
wild fowl; infomuch that nothing was wanting
to make our living here delicious.
On the 30th, the poor wretches of natives
being now divefted of their fears, ifiued from
the thickets like herds of deer from a foreft,
and drew themfelves up in ranks on the beech,
making figns for our people to come on fhore,
probably with a view to partake of our bounty,
certainly not with any defign to do us any hurt.
They were indeed armed with lances about two
feet long, terminated by a fhark's tooth or piece
of bone fharpened to a point, which they threw
to a great diftance, and to a great nicety 5 but
thefe lances were the whole of their armour.
There were among them, as among all the
inhabitants of the countries in the Southern
Ocean, fome to whom the multitude feemed to
pay obedience, though even thefe were here
-without any marks of diftinction, other than
Nature had bellowed upon their perfons. This
indelible dignity, through all the claffes of animal nature, has marked fome to rule, while
othersjdeilitute of that advantage, willingly fob-
mi f, Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.       45
mit, and are contented to obey. To thefe chiefs,
as no quadrupeds of any kind were feen in the
country, Capt. Cook gave a boar and a fow,
and nude fisns to turn them loofe in the woods
where it is poflible they may have a better chance
to breed than among the more ferocious inhabitants of New Zealand, where feveral of them
had formerly been turned loofe. He alfo offered
them nails, knives, beads, and other trifles, to
which they paid little or no attention, but were
greedy after fhreds of red cloth.
It does not appear that the natives here are
canibals, or indeed that they feed at all up6n
flefh, as no appearance of any fuch food could
be traced among them.   Fifh, fruir, and the
natural productions of-the earth, were the only
articles of food that were obfervable about their
fire-places; but what was dill more ftrange,
there was neither canoe nor boat to be feen,
though the country abounded fo much in timber. It'may therefore be reafonably concluded,
that thefe natives are a fort of fugitives who have
been  driven, out from fome more powerful
community, and fubfift here in a ftate of ba-
nifhment, as it is hardly  poflible otherwife to
conceive fo fine a country pofleffed by a people
wholly deflitute of all the arts of civil life:
Capt. Cook prefented their chiefs with Me-
<Jajsȣgreat quantities of which he carried ouc
with him to be diftributed among the chiefs
wherever he went) inferibed. with the names of
G 3 tne 4*"
Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
the (hips and the Commanders; witfc the date
of the year and that of his Majefty's reign ; ia
order to perpetuate the memory of this Voyage, provided any future European adventurer,
prompted by unprofitable curioftp,fhould tftlnk
fit to revifit thp remote parts of the Southern
On the 31ft, having been here and on the
coaft near feven days, and having got plenty
of wood and water on board, and whatever clfe
the country afforded, the fignal was made for.
unmooring. By ten in the morning the fhips
Were under fail, and at twelve Cape Frederic
Henry bore N by W. We fet out wfctft an eafy
gale; but, before night, fqualls came on, which
made it neceflary to double reef our top fails,
and fo to continue till break of day.
On the 1 ft of February we let our top-gallant fails, both (hips in company, (leering a
direct courfe for New Zealand, and in nine days
came in fight of Adventurer's Ifland, cMant
about nine or ten leagues from Charlotte Sound,
On the 10th we were off Charlotte's Bay,
our deftined place of rendezvous.
On the 12th, in (landing for the Sound, the
Difcovery had the misfortune to ftrike upon a
rock ; but by the affiftance of the Refolution
was warped off" without receiving any confider-
able damage; and about two in the afternoon
both (hips moored in 9 fathom water.
Not Capt.  COOK's  Voyage.
Not a man on board who did not now think
himfelf at home, fo much like Great-Britain is
the Ifland of New Zealand. It is between fix
and feveri hundred miles in length, but varying
in breadth, being broadeft towards t^e middle,
and narrowing at the extremities. In this it
items' to differ from the regular courfe of nature
in the formation of Iflands and even of Continents, where, like inTects, they feemto be divided in the middle, and only connected together by an inconfiderable fpace. Almoft
every ifland of any extent in the Southern Ocean
is divided in this manner. The Continent of
Europe, Afia and Africa is held together by
a thread in companion at the Ifthmus of Suez,
and North and South America in like manner
as that of Darien. |K
We were no fooner fecurely moored in Charlotte Sound, together with the Refolution, than
the natives came in droves to welcome our arrival;
to bring us fifli; and to offer to trade; but
every hand being then employed, little or no
notice was taken of their overtures; fome of
pur people were bufy in carrying out the tents,
others in erecting them on fhore ; fome in forming inarenchments for the fecurity of theftores,
and fome in unfhipping flores; in fhort, not
an idle perfon being to be found to attend to
them, the* favages, thinking" themfelves neglected', departed*, feemingly very much difcon-
G 4. On
£•&* k3fc
4$       Capt.    COOK's   Voyage.
x On the 13 th, we had hard fqualls with heavy
rain.    During  the  intervals of fun-fhine,?twe •
obferved  feveral water-fpouts,  but none near
us^    Mr.   Fofter,    who  accompanied   Qapt.%
Cook  in  his  former voyage,   in   his pafiage -
from Dufky Bay to this Sound, had frequent
opportunities  of obferving thefe phenomena, j
and   has   given  the  following defcription  of:
them.    Their bafes, he fays, where the. water
of the fea was violently agitated, and rofe in
a fpiral form in vapoqrjs,   was  a broad fpot»
which   looked   bright   and   yeilowifh,    when
illuminated by the fun.    Directly over this fpot,
a cloud gradually tapered into a long (lender
tube, which feemed to  defend  to  meet the
rifing fpiral, and foon  united with it  into  a
ftrait column of a cylindrical form.    We could
diftinctly  obferve   the water hurled   upwards
with   the greateft violence;   and  it appeared,-
that it left   a hollow fpace in the centre.    He
adds, that, thefe water-fpouts made the oldeft
mariners uneafy; all, without exception,   had
heard dreadful accounts of their pernicious effects, when they happen to break over a (hip,
but none had ever been fo befet with them.
On the 14th, at fcven in the morning, the
pinnaces of. both fhips were ordered to be
manned, and both Captains went on fhore
with other gentlemen to reconnoitre the country, without venturing too far at firft, for fear
of a furprize. Before they landed they were
obferved by an old man, who approached the
fhore, holding a green bough in his hand, and
waving Capt. COOK's Voyage. 49
waving it in fign of peace, which was inftantly
anfwered by hoifting a white flag.|| Friendlhfjp
beiag thus eftabliihed we all landed, and the
old man began an oration, accompanied by
very ugnificant geftures, and a theatrical dif-
play of the paffions by various modulations
of his voice, till at length he concluded in a
plaintive tone, which we interpreted to mean
fubmiffion. This done, he faluted the Company, according to the cuftom of the fouthem
iflanders, -by joining nofes, a mode, though
not the tooft agreeable^yet neceflary to be com-
plied with for the fake of peace. Capt, Cooke,
more earned to examine the ftate.of the plantations, which he had caufed to be laid our, and
fewed with garden feeds in his former voyage,
than to purfue the fports of hilling and fowling,
which chiefly engaged, the attention of other
gentlemen while on fhore, went with Captain
Clarke to vifit the inclofures on Long Ifland,
and found many of the plants and roots in a
flourifhing condition, though it did not appear
that any care had been taken to drefs, or eve$
to weed them, by the natives, indeed it fhould
feem that this part of the country, like that of
Dufky Bay, is bur thinly inhabited, and probably occaGonally only, as none of their towns
were found within any reasonable diftance of
the Qiore. Some draggling huts indeed, in which
fingle families were found to refide, were now.
and then difcovered in the recedes of the woods*
but no regular plantations, the effects of induf-
try, Capt.   COOTs   Voyajg®.
df*, were obfervable in any part of tfh*s fourttfc
Their canoes, and their cfeja*lM#g were works
of great ^ labour, but where the former was
performed could never be known, though it
appeared that the latter was the (Me employment of their women.
During our refidence here, tliowgb nothing'
was to be found but vegetables and fifh, fuch
was the plenty of both, that loads of the former were to be procured for the labour of cutting and carrying away, and of thfe latter as
much as was fuflkient for the fuftenafifee of one
perfon a whole day for a Angle nail.
It had been obferved by former voyagers,
that the women in this ifland were charter,
when firft vifited by our people, than thofe in-
ffce warmer climates, probably owing to the
phyficat effects of their colder conftitotions;
not to rhe reftriction of any law, or the force
©f cuftom; not to that delicacy of fentiment
fhat naturally excites thofe fympathetic fenfa-
fibns that in a mote' advanced flate of refinement, ferve to bind the fexes in the indelible
bonds of mutual fiddtty. But, to whatever
eaufe it might be owing before the loofer paf-
fions, by their commerce with the European
Midi's, took root among them, they have been
found to thrive fo welt, that they now exceed'
all others in indulging them. Even the men
are now become fo abandoned, as to proftitute*
tfieir very wives for a nail; and lay nd reftraint
wmm Capt.  C 00 K's  Voyage,      &
on their daughters, of whom the men make
little account.
j^It was no fooner known that our (hips were
moored in Charlotte (bund, than the natives
flocked from the remoteft comers of the ifland
to traffic for nails, broken glafs, beads, or
other European trumpery, for which they would
fell their arms, clothes, and whatever elfe they
were pofTefledof, not even referring their working implements, which they could not replace
without infinite labour.
The women, who accompanied thefe commercial emigrants, were no lefs faleable, than
the wares they brought, and the favours of
many were purchafed by the feamen, who, tho*
the firft price was trifling, coft them dear in
the end. This traffic was. carried to a fhame-
lefs height, and Omai, who, from natural inclination and the licentious habits of his country,
felt no reftraint, indulged his almoft infatiable
appetite with more than lavage indecorum.^
Before our prefent arrival, it had been questioned, even by Capt. Cook, whether thefe
iflanders would fell their children to ft rangers §
but experience has now taqght us,- that there
is nothing they will not fell for iron, fo great
is their defire for that metal. The love of gold
is not more prevalent in Europe,, than the love
of iron in New Zealand. The ftpry which
6apt. Cooke relates, in proof of the irrefiftable
force of Nature in the retentive care of their
m       chil-
ItijM 52       Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
children only fhews,   that he himfelf had erred in the conclufions he had drawn from it.
" One of them, fays Capt. Cook, agreed to
go with us; but afterwards changed his mind.
It was even faid that fome of them offered their
children to fale. I however found this to be a
miftake. The report firft took its rife on
board the Adventure, where they were utter
flrangers to their language and. cuftoms. It"
was very common for thefe people tobring their
children with them, and prefent them to us,''
• in expectation that we would make them pre*
fents, this happened to me. A man brought
his fon, a boy about nine or ten years of age,
and prefented him to me. As the report of'
felling their children was then prevalent, I
thought, at firft, that he wanted me to buy the
boy. But at laft I found, that he wanted me
to give him a white fhirt, which accordingly I
did. The boy was fo fond of his new drefs
that he went all over the fhip, prefenting himfelf before every one who came in his way.
This freedom, ufed by him, offended old Will,"
the ram goat, who gave him a butt with his
horns, and knocked him backward on the deck.
Will would have repeated his blow had not fome
of the people come to the bov's affiftance. The
misfortune, however, feemed to him irreparable.
The fhirt was dirted, and be was afraid to ap-
pear in the cabin before his father, until brought
in by Mr. Fofter ; when he was told a lamentable VI Hll
Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
able fto/y againft Goury, the great dog (Sjffo
-they called all the quadrupedes on board) nor
coulji he be reconciled, till his fhirt was wafhed
and dried." This ftory, adds the Captain, tho'
trifling, will fhew how liable we are to miftake
thofe people's meaning, and to afcribe to theni
cuftoms they never knew, even in though^'—-«
This reflection recoiled upon himfelf; forj^apt.
Cook Jived to fee the truth of the report confirmed, and that the favourable opinion he had
conceived, of the natural affection of thefe favages for their children, was not well founded.
On the 16th in the morning feveral natives
came along fide the Refolution to trade as ufual.
Then Omai, who was plentifully furnifhed with
every kind of iron ware, difplayed his mer-
chandize to the greateft advantage. The favages, inflamed with the richnefs of the exhibition, perfectly trembled as they flood, and
were ready to board the fhip, at the peril of
their lives, to make themfelves mafters of what
appeared to them fo vaft a treafure. This, to
an European, to whom nails, broken glafs, and
fhreds of red cloth, are of little or no value,
may feem exaggerated ; but to thofe who have
traverfsd the globe, and marked the impetuosity
of the favage's paffions when excited to a certain pitch, will rather wonder how they could
be reftrained, than that they mould he ready to
commit any defperate action to poftVft them-
felyes of thofe things which appeared of fo much
ill 54        CApt.  COOK's   Voyage;
value in their eyes. Omai, though but one
degree above the favage whom hedelpifed, yet
bad cunning enough to take advantage of the
defires which he had excited, and after pur-
Ifeafing from them every article that fuited hinv
he artfully afked one party of them, if they
would fell their boat ? to which they readily
confented. Obferving two promifing youths on
board with another party, he afked the father
if he would not part with his boys. The youths
looked with eagernefs at their father, as if they
wifhed to follow the man that was fo rich, ancf
the father, feemingly as willing to part with the
lads as they were to go, replied in the affirmative, and the bargain was inftantly ftruck.
Thus for two hatchets, and a, few nails hef-pur^
chafed two fine boys, the eldeft named Tibura,
about 15 years old, and the youngeft called
Gowah, about ten.
On the 17th the Captains of both (hips, with
other officers and gentlemen, embarked on board
the Pinnace, attended by,a party of marines,
well armed, and directed their courfe to the
north-weft, round Canibal bay for Long Ifland,
and Grafs Cove; there they vifited the fpot
where the boat's crew belonging to the Adventure was murdered about four years before; but
did not find any trace of that horrid maflacre
remaining, nor any native from whom they
might learn the caufe.
S§| . Omai, Capt.   C O O K' $   Voyaoe.       $5
Omai, who could fcaree make himfelf un*
derftood, nor indeed could he underftand the
natives fo well as many of the common me#
who had been frequently here before; yet being a favourite with Capt. Cook, was always
preferred when in company, to confer with the
natives, and was defined by liim, when he met
any of them alone, to queftion them concerning
the fray that had happened fbme yeap before,
and from what caufe it had taken its rife; and
he was the more defirous to come at the truth,
as the natives in-general were friendly and ready
to furnifti the (hips with what ever their coun*
try afforded.    But from what Omai was able to
learn, Capt. Cook received no fatisfaction.    It
fhould feem, that in AOtaheite there are two dialects fpokeo, as in almoft every other part of the
world; one by the priefts and chiefs, and another by the common people.   This was apparent here; for Tupia* who accompanied Mr.
Banks to this place, in Capt. Cook's fecond
vpyage round" the world, could converfe with
the natives fluently, and was in fuch efteem with
them, th&'his memory is held in veneration
from one end of the iQand to the other at this
day ; Obedee like wife, who was of the clafs of
Areoes* W gentlemen, and who accompanied
Capt. Cpok in his laft voyage from Otaheite to
the Thrum Ifles, the Hebrides, New Zealand,
Edfter Ifland, and the Marquifles, could con«
Vierfe with the New Zcaianders though Omai
Iff I
*£\ '
$&       Capt.   C O O K* s   Voyagb.
could not, a proof that he was of the inferfor
e¥ifs iff his own-country. While we continued
here5, he found frequent opportunities to difcO-
Ver his real character,—when from under the
watchful eye of his protector and friend.—
He had grog always* at his command, and was
ibmetrmes entrufted^to give it out, efpecially
when any extra quantity was to be delivered by
the Captain's orders for hard fervice, or on days
of feftivity. At thofe times he was clofely
watched, and was never known to exceed ; but
now when the Captain was abroad for whole
days and nights, and he left in charge of liquors,
he fet no bounds to his excefs, and would drink
till he wallowed like a fwine in his own filth.
At thofe times he out-acted the favage in. every
kind of fenfuality ; and when he could no longer act the brute, he would often act the drunken,* man; (forming, roaring, brandifhing his
arms, and by the contortions of his mouth
and face, fetting at defiance, after the manner
of his country, the whole hoft of his enemies,
who were reprefented by the common failors,
with whom, upon thefe occafions, he was generally fur rounded i and who knew how to
practice upon him, as he endeavoured to' coupon the poor Zealanders, He was indeed far
from being ill-natured, vindictive, or morofe.
but he was fomerimes fuiky. He was naturally
humble, but had grown proud by habit; and
it fo ill became him, that he was always glad
B^t^wwffiwga Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.        5;
when he could-put it off, and would appear
among the petty officers with his natural eafe.
This was the true character of Omai, who
might be faid, perhaps, by accident, to have
been raifed to the higheft pitch of human hap-
pinefs, only to fuffer the oppofite extreme by
being 'isgain reduced'to the loweft order of rational beings.
In thelexcurfion of the two Captains among
the Ifles, plentiful provifion was made for the
live flock on board, and the long boats of both
fhips came heavily laden home with grafs for
the cattle and vegetables for the fhip's companies from the gardens of Motuara and Long
Ifland, which were found to remain in a flou-
rifhing though flovenly condition. To the quadrupeds, which the Captains Cook and Fumeaux
had left to breed in the ifland in their former
voyages, our Captains added two yews and a
ram, thofe that had been left before of this
fpecies having died almoft as foon as fent on
fhore.       HI
Wooding, watering, airing the (lores, drying and new packing the powder, examining
and new baking the damaged bread, forging
bolts^and new pintles for the rudders, with
other neceflary bufinefs for repairs of the (hip,
went on without intermiflion on fhore. By
the abfence of fo many ufeful hands; fmiths,
armourers, gunners carpenters, rope and fail
makers, with their attendants; very few peo-
H pie
VHM pie were; left on board; to take,*-charge of
the fhips, nothing being apprehended;from the
attempts of the-r,n^yes, wj^o. fiad£t.j^t^e^tp
behaved with unexampled honefty,- hardly- an^r
comph»fft& ■hiYififti^»dgri?^f4:aig^<t. an#
©£ them for snifbel-iav^r^ any.k^Jo
Iri this fifuatpOB* ^bo/qarce meq enough on
board to hand the fails, a ftorm2!gu"of§ in, the
moming of thfOptb* ^tiuSo' i^foFM^ffctack
drove the Difeovenjttorn:ierinoojrJ^g^SLliaVIl
was owing to Providtntfcjinat having #j||f}fou;l
©f the Refolution, we did not ptrifcj thfe f»f8S&
carrying her off mftantaneoufl^withrlittle
damage to either .fh^isIUAghandr ort board
were thrown into theutrnoft con&eraation, No
fooner was (be clear fijian we dipped t$fc
beft bfcwer anafeati got down th& top-gallant
yards, ftfuilk t& top-gaiteht mafts, aUd.lOWri
ered the yards, g(&t i&the cabk% and fnoored
with beft bower and; £heet ajncjio^s &:$®4 ethus
fortunately- lode .oflortfte .ftorm. Mb Blythe,
mafter of the Refolution, and Mr. Beqsharft
our Captain's^oktW feeifjg the dangprthe (hips
were inv and at the hazttrd of their lives attemp--
t|ng to get oo board4f£a*tmhoe, were overfet*,
but providentially recovered by the boats from
the fhips. -The gale continuing the whole-day,
no Indians'came to traded
It (hould have been remembered that, from
the time of landing, our brewers began brew*
ing •, and the woods affording plenty of fpruce
■ HP the Capt;  COOK's  Voyagb.       59
the crews of both fhips were fupplied with this
wholefome beverage during our continuance
at New Zealand, and for feveral weeks after
we werfc at fea. This $quor was found fo falu-
tary, that jit feemed to ftrike at the very root
of the fcurvy, and left not the leaft fymptom
of it remaining about any man in the fhip.
Indeed great care was taken to fopply the
crew daily with plenty of fcunry-grafs and
wild celery to boil Wim their portable foup;
and (alt meat was witheld, and fifh fubflituted
in its room; This laft the Indians abundantly
provided at a trifling expence, and what is not
a little furprizing, when our fifhers could catch
the leaft, they generally caught the mofl, tha*
their implements fhewed infinitely lefs ingenuity
in the conllruction,- than thofe with whkh our
Ipeople were furnifhed. It is not eafy to fay
by what arts they allured the fifh ; but certainly
fome means were ufed by shem, to which we
are ftraagers, nor would they ever be prevailed
upon to difsover their fecret.
ii During our flay in Charlotte Sound, an adventure happened which, though the parties
were not of the higheft clafs, cnty, nbtwith-
ftanding, be worth relating.;: jfc
Belonging to the Difcovery there was a
youth, with whom a yojing Zealand gi$,
about fourteen years of^age, fell defperately
in love, nor was (he whojjy iatJiflFerent too«r
adventurer.   What time hcc could fpare,   he
H 2
generally Ir   ■
f   1     7
60        Capt.   C O O K's   Voyage.
retired with her, and they fpent the day, but
oftener the night, in a kind of filent conver fa-
tion, in which, though words were wanting,
their meaning was perfectly underftood. Moments fly rapidly on that are fpent in mutual
endeavours to pleafe. She, on her part, had no
will but his; and he, in return, was no lefs attentive to hers. Minds fo difpofed naturally
incline to render themfelves agreeable. A con-
formity in manners and drefs become lignifi-
cant figns. between lovers. Though he appeared amiable in her eyes in the drefs of a
flranger, yet he wifhed to render himfelf flill
more fo, by ornamenting his perfon after the
fafhion of her i country; accordingly he fub-
mitted tattowed,from head to foot; nor
Vas.fhe lefs follicitous to fet herfelf off to the
beft 1 advantage. She had fine hair, and her
chief pride was in the drefs of her, head. The
•pains fhe took, and the decorations fhe ufed,
would have done honour to an European beauty,
had not one thing been wanting to render it
flill more pleafing. Ghowannahe (that was
her name,) though young, was not fo delicate
but thatt the traits of her country might be
traced in her locks. To remedy this misfortune, and to render it lefs offenfive, fhe was
furnifhed with combs, and taught by her lover
how to ufe them. After being properly prepared, he would by the hour amufe himfelf
with forming her hair into ringlets, which flowing Capt:   COOK's  Voyage.        61
jng carelefsly round her neck, with a kind of
coronet riling from her temples, gave her* an
air of dignity that added frefh charms to the
brilliancy of her eyes.   The diftafte arifing from
colour gradually wore off, and the ardent de-
fire of rendering their fentiments mo!re and
more intelligible to each other, gave rife to a
new tenguage, confifting of words, looks, gef-
tures, and inarticulate tones, by which plea-
fure and pain were more forcibly expreffed
than by the moft refined .fpeech.    Having at
firft acquired the art of imparting their paffions,
they very foon improved it to the ftory of their
lives.   Love and jealoufy directed her enquiries
concerning the women in the world from whence
he came, wifhing, at the fame time, that he
would flay with her, and be a Kakikoo or chief.
He made her to underftand, that the women
in his world were all tatoo (man- killers) and if
he flayed with her fhe would kill him.   She
anfwered no; fhe would eh-np-row, love him.
He faid, her people would kill him.   She replied no, if HE did not fhoot them.   He made
her to underftand, that nine or ten of the men
of his world, had been killed and eaten by
her people, though they did not fhoot them.
Her anfwer was, that was a great while ago,
and the people came from the hills rod roa,
meaning a great way off.   This excited his
curiofity to know, if any of her relations were
among the murderers : fhe fighed, and appeared
H 3 much 62 Cap-r  COJDK9D Voyage:
much affected when he afked her that queftion.
He afked her if (he was at the fea%iwhen they
broiled and eat the men ? (he weptfcnd looking
wifhfuily at Win, hung down; her head.    He
became dill more pfefling as (he grew more
referved.    He tried every  winning way that
love and curiofity fuggefted, to te&Hkftom her*
what he found flic knew, and what (he feemed
fo determined to conceal.    But (he artfully e-
vaded all his queftions.    He afked her, whj**
fhe was fo fecret ?   She pretended Hot to underftand him.    He repeated the fame queftion,
and why (he kept him in the dark, aft the fame
time clofing his eyes and keeping them fHut. She
continued to weep, but made him no anfwer.
Finding all his perfuafibn^ ineffectual, he turned from her, feemingly in anger, and threatened to leave her.    She caught him round the
neck in violent agitation.    He afked her what
fhe meant, and why (he wept ?    She faid they
would kill her if (he told.    He laid,   they
fhould not know it.    Then He would hate her,
ihe faid.    He anlwered no, but Idve her more
and more,  preffirtg her to his bofom at the
fame time.     She grew more compofed, arret
fiwd (he would tell him all fhe  knew.     She
then made him underftand, that one Gooboa,
a bad man, who had been often at : the fhip,
and had ftolen many things; when he came
to know that it was preparing to depart, went
up into the hill country, to the hippah, and
■ Jill 9B
■1 ;G?^vC-0;Q&'s Voyage. $$
^v|i|eithe warriors-tjcygme down and kill the
*^ra^S9%v^S^ at^firft-jrefufed, faying-£the
ftrangets "fere ftrong^r£ than they, and woukf
Jtill them W]th theb pom pow, or jOre-agms;
he told thero. f±ej* r^eed not fear, fophe knew
TOere ^neytmuft come before they departed,
in osper to get. grafg for their g0#ry^orocattle,
and thatpnafuch occafions,they left their pow
pow behind them in tjbe fhip, or caxeleflly a.-,
bout the ground, while t|^y were ,at. worJL
^Jhey faid they were no enemies buj: j^rienc^,
andlhey muft not kiU^men with whom fkey
were in^ftiendihipj,jjGpoboa faid they were
vile enemas and wicked j*nen, .apd complained
of their chaining hint and beating.Jim, .ancl
,|h^w6d thim the marks and bruifes he had received/at the fhip; and told ther^Jjefide&bW
jU^y^^jinight filence thevLpawpow, by qjaly throw*-
in2^a*^.pverpthem,^acLthen they couJd>flQt
hurj; ijjem.     GQol~>oja under/took to^ca-yduct
^?*?ki%fife*^t0 t^uPlac&wnerTe tne ftrang^rs
W&cJ»0-4°Jn& .and fbewepV Jthem where they
mi^l-.^pnceal.t^emfeLveSi tflj he fhould come
>?fflfe SSst^^SHi notice^wbich Jfce d'f&u -And
when the men were bufy about getting g*»af%
and not thinking any harm, the warriors ruflied
out upon trljem, and filled them with their
spatapatqws, and then.divided their bodies a-
mont them.^Sie addedvtiiat there were wq-
^£":Jff &?$ as n^n c^ncerne^> and that, the
wojiiei^ade the fire^. whfle the warriors cut the
H 4 dead
*& Capt.  COOK's  Voyage:
dead men in pieces ; that they did not eat them
aflat once, but only their hearts and livers; that i
the warriors had the heads, which were efteemed
the bed, and the reft of the flefh was diflributed
among the croud. Having, by various queftions
in the courfe of feveral days, extorteeFthis relation, of which, he faid, he had no reafon to
doubt the truth, he forbore to afk her, what
part her relations and herfelf bore in this tragedy,  as   there was reafon  to   believe, they
were all equally concerned.   He was, however,
very follicitous to learn, if any fuch plot was
now in agitation againft the people that might
be fent, upon the fame fervice, td Grafs Cove
*Sfc any other convenient place.    Her anfwer
was, no; the warriors were afraid, at firft, that
the fhips were come to revenge the death of
their friends, and that was the reafon ^hy (he
was forbidden to fpeak of killing the ftrangers,
or to own any knowledge of it, if (he were
afked about any fuch thing.    She faid fhe was
but a child, not ten years old; but (he remembered the talk of it, as a gallant action or
great achievement; and that they made fongs
in praife of it.^
In the courfe of his converfation with this
girl, who feemed rather of the better fort, he
learned many things concerning the natural
temper of the natives, that had efcaped the
penetration of former voyagers, and likewife
with refpect to their dbmeftic policy.   She faid,
the Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.        6$
the* :<$8bple  of  T'Avi-Poenammoo,   or   the
fouthern divifion of the ifland,   were a fierce
bloody people, and had a natural hatred to
the people of Ea-hei-no-mauwe,   and killed
them when they found them at any time in their
country;  but that the people of Ea-hei-no-
mauwe were a good people, and were friendly
to one another, bifr never fuffered any of the
people of T'Avi-Poenammoo to fettle among
them, becaufe they were enemies; that thefe
two nations, the people on the north part of
the Sound, and thofe of the (outh were ever
at war, and eat one another;  but that the
people of either country, when  they fought,
never eat one another; [fo that it fhould feem,that
habitual antipathy has a great fhare in the tendency of thefe favages to devourjOflef'another.]
With refpect to their domeftic policy, (he faid,
the fathers had the fole care of the boys as foon
as they could walk, and that the girls were left
wholly at their mother's difpofal.   She faid, it
was* a crime for a mother to correct hereon,
after he was once taken under the protection
of the father; and that it was always refented
by the mother if the father interfered with
the management of the. daughters.   She faid,
the boys, from their infancy, were trained to
war, and both boys and girls were taught the
art of fifhing, to weave their nets, and make
their hooks and lines; that their canoes came
from a far country, and they got them in exchange for cloth, which was chiefly manu-
'W: factured 66       Capt. #OOK• a yoYAGR,
fa£lured by, Ac women; that Jheir arms and
workingjtbpls defcended /n*tm?fathe%^|ijfon^
and that tpole that were Skm m battle fup-
jPKfsdmeennog generation ; that they hadjlf>
Ikmgs among them, but jj£f t^eyuB^ flS?
who cofuferfed with the dead, who wero,fes}ji
in great vene^attoi^. and consulted fef|^rtff
people' went td the waft/ |nlt t they weje thp
men, who audrefled ftranger^ that came. fUDon
the coaft, rlrft illi rtfe ^aosuage of peac^,^;
the farfie time denouncing vengeance a^fnjft
them, if they cameVwitri.klny"Jkrfbje d^ggU
that tnoperions of-Jheie men were helctjacredf,
Imd never^iilea in the*'wars*wluch evej*^ fide
prevailed ;lthM"*whetAl-iKe' warriors of either
nationp^kde^prifoners,' tflfey we^ney^olj^
meaner mrt,K but of fome ehie£^
aft^war^s Killed and eat, but thapr^ine^om-
mon fbrtf they - never gayerqqarrejU'^at .they
Jometimes tortured an enerny, if they found
him nfigly lurking in the woods, looking uppti
him as one who'cameu^on no'good deiign\; but
4iever other wife ; tha^rhey^lived chiefly upon
fifh, whichr^ere caugm^^tJ?^odficl i|L at?j&.
dance, during6 rW7 ffirmVrtr, %ut that iiiirth%
wintefpftey^-retired to :roe north, where they
fubfifted on the fruits'of the earth, wSfP which
they wefe fupplied for their labour, working
in th^pIantatMons^qor -SlSB^rig the bm*fdet#in
fabricating tHelx boats.
« if*
't>fl£sfl Capt.   COOK's   Voyage. 67
-The intelligence^ us obtained from this
youngs Zealander appears to be aumeifilf from
many cireumftances -/but chiefly from oblerv-
f&g, that the large veflels that came' from the
ndftfr to trade, feveralT of them having 96 or
^tb^jperfon^bn^feard, had never any Zfifh to
fetl, but were laden with the various11 manufactured of $oth, wood and green ftbnesformed
into implements of uf£, or corrfiflmg of raw
Materials ready prepares1 for faBrrialibrf? *Their
^W§ appeared to "be of WL fuperi6r°^afs to
thofe!*w^b- conflantly plied in the Sound, and
weW'uhder proper HffcipWhe; whereas the fifh-
ingboatsfeemed2lo be thefele proper^of the
occupiers, no other7 perfbW^feiMfg a#yTuj*e?-
riority otritP&Mfcff'
yOn the 23d, in the morning, the old Indian,
who had haraVgaect'theiGaptains, when they
approached the fhore, came on Board the Difcovery, and prefented the Captain with a cot®
pleat (land of their arms, and fome very fine
fifh; which were Tttndly received^and, pPfife
turn3,'the Captain $*#e him abfafsf6lra-pafow,
madeSeMclIy in their manner, ohAvWcti were
enffaven his Majefty's nattae  and  arms, tfrc
names of the fhips, the dite of trlSrtleparture
fronrEttgland, and tmV-bulinefs they were fent
-upoW; -he gave'-hfm^ like wife a hatched a f&Q
efJlffe, a knife, arid%ml glafs ornaments, wIiicR
hc^-highly prized;**tholi^h of fntafl valued TrVfi
day the wood-cutters loft a" wood-ax, which 68        CAPjg  COOK's  Voyage.
one of the natives dexteroufly carried ofi^w-itb*
out being difcbvered. In the evening they
brought a man bound, whom they offered to
fell', but their offer being rejected, they carried
him back, and in the night, a moft horrid
yelling was heard in the woods, which excited
the curiofity of the gentlemen on board, to
examine into the caufc^.The cutter was ordered to be manned, a party of marines well
armed to be put on board, and the Captains,
with proper attendants, directed their courfe
to the weft fit|e of the bay, where,, they faw feveral fires juft lighted, and where they hoped
to have furprized:the natives, before they had
put thf|r poor captive to death, whom they
had juft before configned to (lavery<^ but, in
this hope they were difappointed. The favages in an inftant difappeared, and left no trace
behind them of any (laughter having beet* committed. |i|
About four in the morning, the tents were
flruck, and orders delivered out for failing.
Next day, Feb. 24th, the Indians flocked in
great numbers about the fhip, bringing with
them a plentiful fupply of fifh, and whatever
elfe they thought marketable among the failors.
Though the natives appeared friendly during
our flay, it wasjudged proper to keep the tiflje of
our departure fecret till all things were onboard*
and we were in readinefs to fail. This precaution Capt. Cook thought the more neceflary,
from Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.       69
from what he had juft heard of the treachery of
the favages,   By not allowing them to concert
any new plot, he effectually fecured our forage*
ing parties from the danger of a furprize, and
by thus fuddenly giving orders to fail he prevented our own men from rambling after the women when their bufinefs was done, which they
never failed to do whenever it was in their power.   The foraging parties here meant are thofe
who were fent to the coves, at the diftance, perhaps, of fix or feven leagues from the fhips, to
cut grafs for the live flock, and to gather herbs
to boil with the portable foup for the men;
and thofe alfo who were ftationed in the woods
to get fpruce to brew into beer for their prefery
vation from the fcurvy, againft which that liquor, as has already been obferved, was found
a moft powerful antidote.   Of graft and herbs
an immenfe quantity was brought on boardi+and
of fpruce as much as ferved the crews for drink
near thirty days, during which time no grog was
delivered out.   The parties ordered upon thefe
fervices went always well armed and guarded by
marines, though Capt, Cook himfelf entertained
very high notions of the honour as well as bravery of the New Zealanders.
On the 25th, previous to the fhips failing,
the Screws of both fhips were ordered upon deck,
as ufual, to anfwer to their names, when one
was miffing, who, upon enquiry, was found
ill a-bed. This was our adventurer, who pretended 7o       Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.'
tended ficknefs in order to facilitate ;his efcape i
for this purpofe, as foon as he had pafTed the
furgeon's examination, and the coaft was clear,
he dreffed himfelf in the habit, of a New Zea-
lander ; and being tattowed all over, to fay the
truth, the copy was not eafily to be diftin-
guiflied from the ordinal. Ghowannahe, who
was in the fecret, had aflembjefl her friends together, and fe$t them on board in order to in-
creafe the croud, which upon fuch occafions,
when the (hips are ready to fail, are generally
pretty numerous. Among this party he feized
a favourable opportunity to mix, and haftening
to their canoe, when the decks were ordered
to be cleared, they were not long in paddling
to fhore. The pleafure which Ghowannahe
C&prefied, on feeing the (hip fet fail without him>
may more eafily be conceived than exprefled ;
but her joy was of fhort continuance.
It was about feven in the morning, when the
mips cleared the bay, and about eleven, when
they entered the mouth of Cook's Streights,
where they eaft anchor; and Capt. Clarice, and
Mr. Burney, his firft Lieutenant, went on board
the Refolution, to dine with Capt. Cook. Here
the friends of the two Zealander youths, whom,
Omai had purchafed, came to take their laft
leave of them, and expreffed, very affectinglyt
their grief at parting, though the boys were as
yet in pretty good fpirits.    Some prefents were
made £apt. & Q^K'c Voyage^ 7*
made by Omai to the parents, and they de-
paTftgd, feemingly witi* great reluc^ace.
'Jnjhe afternoon, our adventurer's mefs-mate
went down to enquire after his health, and was
not a little furprized w^en no anfwer was made.
He: at firft thought he might have retired ; but
on fearclwng every where below to no effect, he
g^ave the alarm throughout. the fhip| when it
was difcovered, tha^^e, had eloped, bag and
baggage ; and that the cheft he had left in his
birrf- was empfjy. ^ meflenger was inftantly
d.ifpatched on board the Refolution^ to know
how to proceed; and, when the meflage was
delivered, theCaptajns and officer^were joyous
over their bottle* At firft it only* furnifhed a
fubject for harm^efs pleafantry; but it came
to be ferioufly debated, at laft, whether the
man fhould be feM for back, or totalis, deferted.
Somevwere in doubt* whether an accident might
not have happened to him, fuch as had happened to the corporal of marines, formerly mentioned,
bujythat doubt was^on cleared up, when it
was known, that his, effects were miffing as
well as the man. Moft, of the officers prefent
were for leaving himm follow, his own humour ;
but.Cajpi.Cook th^ingit would |)e a bao\pfece-
dent an^ an encouregement to otherenamqratoes
when they came to the happier cUmate$, totfoj^.,
low |jis .example, .was,'for fending.-an varm$dj
force^ and bqnging thg^man back at\vall ba»
zards..   Of tmY.Qpir4.Qa was his x own .Captain^,
■\ ;:
>s III •
I 1
72        Capt.   COOK's   Voyage/
with whom&e was a favourite, who gave orders
for the cutter to be properly manned, a ferjeant's
guard of marines to be pur? on board, and his
mefs-mate as a guide to direct them to the place
where he was to be found. Thefe ordeft'were
inftantly carried into execution. It was midnight before the cutter could reach the landing-
place, and near two in the morning before the
marines could find the fpot where the lovers
ufea to meet. They furprized him in a pro-1
found fleep, when he was dreaming of nothing
but kingdoms and diadems % of living with his
Ghowannahe in royal ftate; of being father of
a numerous progeny of princes to govern the
moo ; and of being the firft founder of a great
empire! But what a fudden tranfition ! to be
waked frorirthis vifionary fcene of royal grandeur, ancF'to find himfelf a poor prifoner, to be
dragged to punifhment for, as he thought, a
well-laid plan to arrive at monarchy; and what
was worfe, his final feparation from his faithful
Ghowannahe, was a talk he had fliil to undergo.
Their parting was tender, and for a Britifh fail-
or and Savage Zealander was not unaffecting/
The Kene, however, was fhort. The marines
paid no regard to the copious tears, the cries,
and lamentations of the poor deferred girl, nor
did they think it fafe to tarry in a place fo de-
fblate, where lamentations in the night were
not unufual^o bring numbers together, for the
ifc Capt.  COOK's  Voyage;      73
purpofes of flaughter. He was hurried to the
fhore, followed by Ghowannahe, who could
hardly be torn from him, when ready to embark. Love, like this, is only to be found in
the regions of romance, in thofe enlightened
countries, where the boafted refinements of
fentiment have circumfcribed the purity of affection and narrowed it away to mere conjugal
fidelity. He was fcarce on board the cutter,
when he recollected that he had left his bag*
gage behind ; all that he had provided for laying the foundation of his future grandeur. It
was therefore neceflary, that he fhould return
with the marines to the magazine where all
his (lores were depoflted, which were not a few.1
Befides his working implements, he had a pocket compafs, of which he had thought on fome
future occafion to make the proper ufe. He
had alfo a fowling piece, which had been fecretly
conveyed away by Ghowannahe, as foon as
the plan of empire was formed between thefe
two unfortunate lovers, It would be tedious
to recount the numerous articles that he had
provided. Let it fuffice, that the marines and
himfelf were pretty heavily laden in bringing
them on board the cutter.
It was noon, the next day, before he arrived
at the fhips, and the Captains began to be in
fome fear for the party of marines, who were
fent to bring him back. Before he came in
fight, it had been concerted to try him for a
I deferter;
**£J*& 74       Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.
deferter; and inftead of being received in his
own (hip, he was ordered on board the Refolution, where he underwent a long examination,
and where he made a full confeflion of all his
views, and of the pains he had taken to bring perfection.
He fa*d, the firft idea of defertion (Iftick
him when, in the exeurfion round the bay, in
which he attended in the fuite of Capt, Clarke,
he was charme4 with the beauty of the country,
and the fertility of the foil; that feeing the
gardens that had been planted ©a Long Ifland,
at Motuara, and at fundry other places, in fo
flourifhing a condition; and that there were
European fheep and hogs, and goats, and fowls,
fufficient to flock a large plantation, if collected
together from the different places where they
had been turned loofe, it- came into his bead,
that if he could meet with a girl that was to
his liking, he could be happy in introducing ths
arts of European culture into fo fine a country,
and in laying the foundation of civil government among its inhabitants*   This idea im>-
F*f^e4 upQft him houjrly* and when he happened
to meet with the girl before mentioned, who
had feen him in his tout* an4 *#ho had followed
him to the tents; and had learnt from herfeif
that love had brought, her there, it inflamed his,
defire beyond all bounds*SAnd moreover findfe
ing hgri$tfe#ties to meet the wifties of his heart,
hg E0 longer, hefltjaired, but became firmly re-
fHi folved*
LN5 Capt* COOK's Voyage:
folved, at afi events, to yield to the force of
inclination. He had revolved in his mind, he
faid, the hazard and the reward; and had concerted with jiis Ghowannahe the plan for his
When Ga<pt. Cook heard his ftoty^, his re-
fefttfflerit was converted into laughter at the
wild extravagance of his romantic plan, and
inftead of afj^ng him for defection, ordered ftim
on board his own fhip, tribe punifhed as Capt.
Clarke fhould think proper, who fent him to
the gun, to receive twelve lames; and thus
terminated all his hopes of being a mighty
The diftrefs of Ghowantfahe is fcaree to be
conceived. She was left a woeful fpectacle, to
lament her fate. She expreffed her grief, by the
punctures fhe made in her face, arms, and where-
ever defpair prompted her to direct the bloody in-
ftrument. It is wifhed, for her fake, that thofe fa-
vagepeople,whofe bodies are expofed to the feve-
rities of the feafons, are not fo fufceptible of pain
as thofe of a finer texture; otherwife her per*
fonal feelings muft have been exquifite, independent of thofe of her mind. But to take
leave of her, now, for ever. gg|
On the 27th, both fhips came to fail, and
on the 28 th, cleared the land. |yj
On the ill of March, a fferm came on, but
as the wind was fair, we got down the top gal-
iant-yards, clofe-reefed the top-fails, and pur-
I 2 fued
1 76|| Capt. /COOK's Voyaob^
fued our courf^E. by N. About *%»ur in the
afternoon it cleared up, we fpoke with the R^i
folution, and all well, except the two,- New
Zealanders, .;who, ^ptwithftanding they* conusant refidence on the margin of the main
ocean, and thfir employment of fifing near
the fhores from their infancy, yet, wiien they;'
came to leave^the land, \ and to fee nothing but
foaming billows all round them, their hearts
failed them; they now began to pine and re-
fufed to eat. K
On the 3d, the wind continuingp^aif^.anti
the breeze moderate, Captv Clarke, wit&'Mr.
Burney, went on board the Refolution, to dine
with Capt. Cook. "When the" New Zealanders
were told there was a boat come on board,
whatever their apprehenfions then were,;at was
not eafy to difcover; but they ran afib$nid
themfelves, and feemed to be in a jjreat panic. It did not appear that their fear tools, -
its rife from the thoughts of being carrieb?bac8|^
becaufe when the gentlemen-were commg away,
they wanted to come with them. It mouftfra-
ther feem, therefore, that they were appr&n-
(ive of fome defign ujbon- then* lives, as in tneir
country a confultatioft-among the chiefs always
precedes a vdetaermined murder. $tThis was Ih
part confirmed by their behaviour afterwjtrds.
Nothing remarkable till
The 7th, when a great fwell from the (Both-
ward gave notice of an approaching ftorml  At-
msssm Capt. COOK's  Voyage;       yy
batfofTes, men of war niftis* flying fifh, dolphins and fharks had played about the fhips for
feveral days, and fome of our gentlemen had
(hot albatroffes that meafured eleven feet from
tip to tip, and this day a large fhark was caught,
moft of which was eaten by the fhip's company»
tho' they had not yet loft the relifh of the New
Zealand fifh, nor were they quite exhaufted,
moft of the fatfors having purchafed quantities
to fait, which were efteemed excellent.
On the 8th the ftorm that was forefeen came
on, accompanied with thunder, lightening and
rain. The fea rofe mountain's high; and the
wind increafed to fuch a degree, as made it ne*
cefiary to take in alnioTt all our fails with the
utmoft expedition 5 and to feud it under double
reefed top-fails. We flill kept our courfe, fleering N. E. by E. The gale continued all night
and part of next day, when about four in the
afternoon the wind abated, and fine weather
fucceeded till
The nth, when it began to blow very hard
in the morning, and before We could hand the
top-gallant fails, it carried away the main topgallant yard ; about two in the afternoon it became fine, but attended v/%m a'great fweHfrom
the fouthward.
• On the 14th a fine breeze, and flill in the latitude of 29. We were now going brifkly on
at the rate of 7 and 8 knots an hour, when all
on a fudden the wind fhifted to the fouth-eafh
I 3 0a
t »~
2S5 ,M
7§       Capt.  CO|K*s  Voyage;     §
On the 15th it blew a hurricane, attended
with rain and a high fea, which breaking over
our bows, cleared the decks of every tiring diat
was not firmly fecured. It carried away our
mam top-gallant yard in the flings, and fplit our
fore-top-maft ftay-fail in a thoufand (hivers. £t
night we (hi&ed *iar courfe, and flood N by E
J- E. Thece were fome on board who difap-
pro»ed of £he courfe we (leered from thetbegia-*
ning, forefeeing, that by going & fall to the
northward, we fhould fall too fuddenly into the
trade winds, efpecially if we fhould be met by an
eafterly wind before w&a$proachjed the Tropic.
Among the feamen on board a king's fhip, there
are always fome expert navigators,, whofe judgment, ripened by experience, is much to be depended upon; but the misfortune is, that thefe
men are never confulted, nor do they even dare
fo much as to whifper their opinion to their fu-
perior officer. Like game^frs flan'tjjng by,
they can fee the errors of the game, but muft
not point them out till the game is over. This
was the real cafe on board the Difcovery, fom^
of wb$fe people did not fcruple to foretel what
would happen the mojspent we left the 39th 4$*
gree of foujhern lati$icl|e, while we were yet
only in the 190th degree of eaftern longitude.
They did not fcruple to fay among tjiemielves,
tjiat inftead of 22 degcegs. fl^rt of the loogi-
tgf^le of Otaheite, (whipj*i lies in %*%° E. nearly)
before we altered our latitude to the no§th,
we CUt.    COOK's   Voyage.       79
we ought to have flretched at leaft 12 degrees
farther eaft ward, being then certain, that how
far f<>ever we might be to the eaft ward of our
intended port, when we came to crofs the Tropic we fhould be fure of a fair wind to carry
us to it.
On the 18th having continued our courfe
N N E for the laft 24 hours, we found our-
felves in lat. 33 deg. 8 min. by obfervation, and
in long, 200 E. that is, more than 12 degrees
to the weftward of Otaheite. Here we faw fea-
Weed in abundance, and by a large tree floating
by us, we judged we could not be far from land ;
but found none. The tree appeared to be about
30 feet long, and of a confiderable girt, and by
its frefhnels feemed not to have been long in the
Water.   Clear weather till
The 22d, when the heavieft rain began
to pour down that any man on board had ever
experienced. It fell in fheets, and as the wind
iricreafed, the men in handing the fails, were
in the utmoft danger of being wafhed off the
yards. It continued for fix hours inceffantly.
It came, however, moft feafonably for the Refolution, where the number of live flock, horfes,
cows, goats and fheep had exhaufted a large
proportion of their frefh water, and we Were
yet at a great diftance from our deftined port.
Here the wind began to veer to the E, as we approached the Tropic. This was apprehended
by many, who finding our longitude not to iri-
I 4 creafe
rfVUri urn-11 So       Capt;  COOK's  Voyage;      J||
creafe in proportion as our latitude decreafed,
began to fufpect that we fhould not be able to
make Otaheite this run.
On the 24th,   our latitude was decreafed,
to 24 deg. 24 min. and our longitude only in-
creafed one (ingle degree.    The wind E. by S.
and our courfe dill N by E, we confequently
made but little way.    But the weather conti-
||f nuing fair, Capt. Clarke, and Mr. Burney went
on board the Refolution, to dine with Capt.
Cook, and when they  returned, brought the
forrowful news pf the alarming fituation of the
Refolution, for want of provifions and water
for the live (lock 5 that they were obliged to
kill a great part of their (heep, hogs and goats
for the ufe of the crew ; not having a fufficient
quantity of water to keep them alive ; that the
horfe» and cows were mere fkeletons: being reduced to the fcanty portion of four pounds of
hay, and fix quarts of water for 24 hours; and
the men put to the allowance of 2 quarts  of
water, for the fame fpace of time: that the
wind flill continuing foul, all thoughts of reaching Otaheite were laid afide, and that the ifles
of Amfterdam and Rotterdam were now our
only refource.   Nothing remarkable till
The 19th, when, in the latitude of 26 deg.
fouth, we faw a large whale, at a little diftance 5
a fight feldom feen in fo low a latitude in the
northern hemifphere. This day our beer, which
having been periodically brewed from the fpruce
|§ , brought /
Capt. COOK's Voyage. 8i
brought from New Zealand, had lafted us till
the prefent day, was all exhaufted, and grog
ferved out in its (lead. Hitherto not a man
was ill on board the Difcovery, nor any other
alteration made in their allowance. It was the
number of live (lock on board the Refolution,
J$iat occafioned the diftrefs for water, from which
the Difcovery was in a manner exempt, having
few or none on board, more than were necef-
fary for the (hip's ufe.
On the 23d, the weather continuing, we be*
gan to be accompanied by our tropical companions, many of which furrounded the fhip, and
one man of war bird had the audacity to fettle
on maft-head.
On the 27th, the weather, which for two or
three days had been fqually, attended with
thunder and lightning, increafed to a ftorm,
fo that it became neceflary to hand our fails*
one after another, till our double reefed top-fails
were all that were abroad. We now faw fea-weed
in abundance, and fome land fowl began to
make their appearance, which were indications
of land at no great diftance.
On the 28th, the tempeftuous weather flill
continuing, we altered our courfe to the north.
The wind for the laft 24 hours, blowing moftly
from the S E. We, this day, croffed the
fouthern tropic; when the weather cleared up,
and we were faluted with a fine breeze, and attended by numerous fhoals of flying fifh, bo-
E   in* i^^aagaaatoafaag» 82        Capt.  COOK's  Voyage; ft
nitos, dolphins, (harks; and whole flocks of
tropical fea-fowl, which abound near the iflands
in the low latitudes, but are feldom feen in the
deep Pacificfea.W
On the 29th, about ten in the morning, the
iky being clear, and the weather moderate, the
man at the maft-head, called out Land, bearing N E. diftant about 7 or 8 leagues. We
made the fignal, which was foon anfwered by
the Refolution. About 12, the weather began
to alter, and to blow in gufts from the land;
At four in the afternoon tacked fhip, and flood
in for the land. Saw no fign of inhabitants,
while daylight remained, but in the night obferved feveral fires. HfS
On the 30th, faw feveral canoes approaching
the (hips, and many inhabitants on the beach,
feemingly in arms to oppofe our landing.!, A-
bout ten, the boats were hoifted out and manned, in order to reconnoitre the (bore, and
found for anchorage, who, to our great difap-
pointment, returned without having fucceeded.
Two of the canoes came within call, having
three perfons in each, canoe; but none of them
could be prevailed upon to come on board.
Our Captain (hewed many articles of European
manufacture to excite their curiofity, but they
feemed to fet little value on any thing except
the new Zealand cloth ; of which he threw a
piece over-board, and. they came and dived for
it; but they had no fooner recovered it, than
they Capt.  COO^.s  Voyage;       83
they paddled oft* as fall as they could, .without
offering any thing in return. In the mean time
the boats were furrounded by multitudes from
the fhore, who came, fome in canoes, and fome
fwimming; they even attempted to board the
boats by force, and feveral fattened round them
with their teeth. Thus circumftanced, and in
danger of being funk, they chofe rather to re*
turn to the fhips, than hazard their own fafety :
or, to fecure themfeives, deprive any of the
innocent people of life; an injunction that was
frequently repeated by Capt. Cook, during the
voyage, and which was the more neceflary,
as the common failors were very apt to forget,
that the life of an Indian was of any account.
About noon, the Refolution, being in much
diftrefs for water, though fomewhat relieved
by the rains which had fallen, Captain Cook
ordered the cutter to be manned, and went in it
himfelf, to talk with the natives, and to examine the coaft; but after a fruitlefs fearch, was
forced to retpi-fl, the furf being fuch as rendered
{he watering of the (hips from the (hore an
abfolute impofiibility. While he lay too, he
had fome friendly converfation with the natives,
and fome prefents pafled between them; bun
nothing that anfwered the purpofes of fupply-
ing the (hips, or refreshing the crews.
This ifland, which we fuppofed to be. jn length,
6pm §SW. to NNE. about eight leagues*
and in breadth about four leagues, made a moft
mm Wk
84       Oa*t.   COOK's   Voyage;
delighjful appearance, and, as Capt. Cook was
made to underftand, abounded in every thing of
which the (hips were in want; h may therefore!
eafily be conceived, with what reluctance w&
left it.   Some peculiarities were obferved by
thofe who attended Capt, Cook, particularly
in the drefs both of the men and women, who
wore a kind of fandals^ made o£4>ark, upon
their feet; and on their heads caps, probably
of their own manufacture, richly ornamented,
and   encircledi<with party-coloured plumage*
They were rather above the middle flature,
welI-made,tattowed,and like thofe of the friendly
ifles, were without cloathes, except a kind of
apron  which  encircled their waftes, reaching
little more than half way down (their thighs.
Both men and women were armed with fpears
thirteen or fourteen feet long; and the men had
maflfy clubs*^elides, about three feet long, 6#
a hard wood and very heavy*    Armed  with
thefe weapons, 5 or 600 people were drawn
up upon the beach, who eagerly gazed at the
(hips, having probably never feen an European
veflel before.   Though this, with the iflands
adjoining,   were difcovered in Capt. Cook's
former voyage, at the diftance of feven or eight
leagues, and being firft feen by Mr. Harvey,
firft  mate of the Endeavour, was from him
named Harvev's ifles, and are laid down in
lat. j 90 18' S. and long 15 8* 54' W. from Greenwich, ; ;. • ijji
On Capt.  COOK's  Voyage.       85
On the 3 lift, before ten in the morning, the
man at the maft-head called out land a-head
diftance feven or eight leagues.   Here 12 canoes were feen approaching the fhips at once,
waving green branches, which we underftood
were enfigns of peace; thefe we anfwered, and
one, who appeared to be a chiefly came on board
the Difcovery, with a bough in his hand, and
anoflier was feen to afcend the fide of the Refolution.   After the ufual ceremonies, and fome'
prtf-fltf*? of little valuethad pafled, while Capt.
Clarke was endeavouring to make his wants
knowd to the Indiari,~Onial came o&Doard bv
Capt.j>Cbo"k$£ direction, who now eofcld make
himfelf perfectly*'Underftood.   The chief ac#*
drefled/tem in an"€laborate fpeech, which, tho*
Omai pretended to**Werpret, very 'little of it
could be underfteofl bpatff ohe eHe.   He-then
was directed by-Ornarto the Captain^ tdrwhom
he pTefented his greeH bough, at the fame time
inviting him afhore, and promifing to furnifh
him with? whatever refrefhmems the* ifland produced!** This   invitat*Hm was accented,   thW
boats were ordered out, and the Captain^ wifcfir
Omai and fuitable attendants, were inftantly^
landed.   It was no fobrier known thaPpeace
was eftablifhed, than (warms of canoes were
feen paddling to the fhip, laden with cocoa-nuts,
yams, bread-fruit, and plaintains, whio1inmey
exchanged with the failors for bits of broken
glafs, beads, or any baubles that were offered
i^a*&flr^^<«^ry|i»«*^ Mlftif J
Capt.   COOl's  Voyager
them* Here the* natives appeared in aftotfffii-
ment wtfo every thing they favft and more par*
ticularly at the carpe^tsfsj, who were at wdrk
upon the boats, With whofe tools they were no
lefs captivated than thofe of the nimble finger'd
inhabitants of the othejfjtfles \ nor were they kfs
fuccefsfui in carrying fome of them off, not*
withftanding the ftricteft eye was kept over
them by thofe whofe bufinefs it was to witch
Abou£ two in the afternoon* the Captain returned with the chief to dinner, bringing with
him a fmall hog, with a whole load of the
fruits of the ifland, which were chiefly diftri-
buted among the (hip's company.
On this ifland ail kinds of tropical fruits were
found ift plenty, and even fifh were furnifhed in
abundance, and thofe. of the moft delicious
kinds; but the article moft v/anted, namely water,
was the fcarceft. Scurvy grafs and celery were
every where to be gathered, and great quantities were brought on board ; and no people
upon earth could (hew greater crvility«j|to
flrangers than the natives of this happy ifland,
who feemed moft delighted- when thev could
beft >grath% the wifhe&oJTi their guefts. They
even took pleafure jntdiverting them, ao^made
mock fjghts among themfelves to fhew their
dexterity in^the ufe of^arms. While they were
v thus-, employed, one (g our gentlemen Jfired a
greafgua,. which in an infta&t cleared the flaip
m Capt.  COOK's   Voyage.4   87
of the poor affrighted warriors; for which, as
he welfjieferved, he afterwards received a fevere
Parties from both (hips having been fent out
to fearch the ifland for water, and being returned
without being able to meet with any mthin watering diftance, as foon as dinner was over,
orders were given to make fail. About four we
left the ifland, deerine Jtf. by ^. with a fine
On the 1 ft. of April, being in lat. 20°22',
and long. 2020 26' eaft of Greenwich, we continued our courfe to the S W. and
On the,2,d. in the morning, the man at the
maft called outl,AND, which was foon anfwer-
ed by the Refolution ; and about three in the
afternoon fell in with a fmall ifland, but tho' water was here equally unattainable as in the other
iflands of this group, the night was (pent in
Handing on and off, on the following occafion:
One of the chiefs who came on board in the
evening gave Omai to underftand, that three
of his countrymen were in thzt ifland, and
that if he chofe tojfee them, He would be his
guide. Omai's curiofity was raifed to know
how they came there' ; On their meeting, they
were all equally furprifed, and equally impatient; they to hear Omar's adventures, and
Omai to know theirs, Omai took them on
board, and entertain'd them with a pleafing
relation of all thai* had happened to him; and
m §8
Capt.   COOlt's   Voyage.
they in return acquainted Omai with what had
befallen them.   Their (lory was truly pityable,
they faid, that of near 50 Uliteans, they were the
only lurvivors% that about twelve years ago,
they with their families and friends going from
Ulitea to fettle at Otaheite, were overtaken in
a dreadful tempeft, by which they were driven
into the main ocean ; that the ftorm continuing
to increafe,  and the fea to run mountains high,
the women and   children were wafhed over
board, and pjferifhed before they experienced any
further diftrefs; that after three days, when the
ftorm abated, thofe who remained4, found them-
felves in an unknown ocean with little more
provifions than was fufficient to ferve them
another day;  that having no pilot to direct
their courfe, they continued to go before the
wind day after Bay,  till famine had reduced
their! number to lefs than twenty 5   that thofe
who furvived,' had nothing but the" fea-weed
which they found floating in the fea, and the water whicli they faved when it rained to keep them
alive; that,  ten**days having elapfed, and no
land in profpect,  defpair took place of hope,
and  feveral  unable  to fupport  the pangs of
hunger, jumped over board in their phrenzy
and perifhed by an eafier death; the groans and
lamentations of the dying, and the terrible agonies   with   which  fome were  affected  before
death came to their relief, exceeded all defcrip-
tion.    In this melancholy fituation they had
exifted Capt.   C O O K\ s  Voyage;       89
exifted for thirteen days, and how much longer
they could have no recollection, for they were
taken up infenfible of pain, ;- and hardly
to be diftinguifhed from the emaciated bodies^
of the dead among whom they were found,
feemingly without life or motion, till by th$
friendly care of their deliverers, they were re-
ftored. When they recovered, they faid, it was
like waking from a dream: they knew not
where they were, nor how they came upon
land ; but being told that they were taken up
at fea, and in what condition, as their fenfes
gradually returned, they by degrees recollected
all the circumftances already related; they
added, that ever fince they were brought to life,
they had remained with their deliverers, andr
were now quite, reconciled to their condition,
and happy in the iituation in which the Etoa or
good fpirit had placed them. Omai, after hearing their relation, with which he was apparently
much affected, told them, they might now take
the opportunity of returning home with him;
that he would intercede for them, and that fee
was fure if they chofe it, the chiefs of the Expedition would grant his requeft. They
thanked Omai for his kindnefs; nor had they
any reafon to fuppofe, that fuch an offer Would
ever be made them again : but they were now
determined to end their days with the people
who had reftored them to fecond life,and as their
deareft relations and friends were of the number
K of
-' 90 Capt.   GOOK's   Vo-tajse.
of thofe who perifhed, the return to their ow^
country would pnly renew their grief, and inftead of affording tfyem pleafure, would increafe
^heir melancholy.
Capt. Cook being told the manner in whiclf
Omai was engaged, and that he was much delighted with the company of his countrymen,
ordered the (hips to lie too that he might not be
interrupted; and Mr. Burney, Mr. Law the
V ! furgeon, and feveral more of us went only with
our fide arms about us to divert ourfelves on
fhore, and to take a view of the country. We
had not proceeded many miles befor-e we were
furrounded by a multitude of armed inhabitants, who without ceremony began to examine
us, as we thought a little too roughly. We at
firft fuppofed it matter .of curtofitjy that had
occafioned this familiarity ; but we foon found
thaj, lik? the gentlemen of the road in quo* own
country, tho' they did not offer any violence to
our perfons, they were determined to, make free
with the contents of our pockets; they accordingly ftript us of every thing but our cloaths,
*gqd then tj\ey $\ difperfed, leaving us to pursue
our journey ; but Mr. Burney having loft his
note-book, which was of greater confequence
to him than all we hadl loft befides, determined
to find the friendly chief, and to apply to him
for redrefs. This, to us who were ftrangers,
was matter of no fmall difficulty ; thofe of
whom we enquired, pretended not to underftand
MSB" Capt.  C O O K' s Voyage.      ' $i
our meaning, and probably did not, as none
but women and children were now to be feen ;
we therefore thought it the fhorteft way to
return to the fhip, and get Omai and his three
friends to affift us In this enquiry, f In this we
fucceeded, and it is hardly to be conceived, how
ipeedily our lofles were reftored, not an article
being omitted, no, not fo much as an iron cork-
fcrew, which to 'them was a valuable acqui-
fi tion.
On the 4th in the morning we fet fail; arid
on the 6th came in fight of another ifland.
On the 7th tacked and flood in for land. For
the laft 24 hours the ftorms of thunder, lightning, and raid', were almoft inceffant, infomuch,
that it was found neceflary to cover the fcuttles
of the magazine to fecure the powder.   The
people in both fhips were now employed in
; catching water, which though none of the beft,
becaufe of its tarry tafte, was yet richly priz'd,
and he who could fave but a gallon a day when
the rains began, thought his labour amply rewarded ;   but this proving the rainy feafon, we
in a few days filled all our empty cafks, and
every man had liberty to ufe what he pleafed.
Before thefe heavy rains fell and furnifhed them
with a fuppfy, the people on board the Refo-
'lotion had been greatly diftrefied for water,
as we have already remarked ; but now it was
determined to direct our courfe to Anomocoa
*-&   Rotterdam   Ifland,   and accordingly that
K a~ ifland
'\ I
PbKi $2 Cai-t.   COOK's   Voyage.
illand was appointed our place of rendezvous in
cafe of feparation. The weather continued variable, and tho' plenty of rain fell almoft every
day, yet h wa^found advifeable to make ufe of
the machine on boardhthe Refolufion, and to
ufe water obtained by diftillation fori every pur.
pofe for which it was fit. It was apt to decolour
the meat that was boiled with it, and to tincture
every thing with a diiagreeable blacknefs: but
it was rather preferred to rain water becaufe of
the tarry tafle communicated by the latter.
Nothing   remarkable 3«till
The 18th, when at day-break, we difcovered
land bearing S W. by W. diftance abou||fix or
feveo leagues; but, being the%;:under^ouble
reef top-fails and a hard gale, it was thought
dangerous to aporoachijt. In the evening we
hove too, and fo continued during the night.
In the morning the boats were ordered out, and
aboit noon returned, having found gogd anchorage in 12 and 15 fathom water, fine fandy
bottom near the fhore. The boats came back
laden with the fruits of the ifland, which they
made free with tho' they faw no inhabitants;
we had no fooner eaft anchor, than parties from
both fhips were fent out to reconnoitre the
country. The weather now began to alter. The
rainy feafon, which generally continues from
fix to eight weeks in this climate,.was as we
hoped, nearly expired when we fell in with this
delightful ifland, which tho' it was found defti.
HI tute Capt.  COOK's  Voyaged jf     g$
tute of inhabitants, was notwithftanding full of
fruit-trees of all the various forts that are in-
digenouseto the tropical climates. In our rambles throughout we found plenty of fcurvy*
grafevand other wholefome efculents, of which
the iailors laid in a good (lore; but it was unfortunate, that after the ftricteft fearch no water
could be difcovered. It muft doubtlefs fur-
prife the greateft part of our readers** and perhaps flagger their belief wfen they lire told of
fo many iflands abounding with inhabitants,
who fubfift with little or no water. Yet true it
is, that few or none of the little low iflands
between the tropics have any water on th
furface of the ground, except perhaps in a lagoon, the water of which is generally brackifh
nor is it eafy to find water by digging. The
fact is, the fruits of the earth are their chief
foo#, and the milk of the cocoa nut (eYves
them for drink. They want no water to boil
any part of^their food, for they knew not the
art of boiling tilKthe Europeans taught them,
nor had they a veffeP fitted for the purpofe:
neither have they any occafion for wafhing their
cloaths, the materials of which they are made
being of the paper kind, will not bear wafhing.
Salt water therefore anfwers their purpofe with
Very little*frefh, and adds a relifh to their fifh,
in whicht, when it is broiled, they dip almoft
every mouthful they eat. This in a great mea-
fure'accounts for their fubfiftihg without water,
=* 9#        Cap**  COOK^s  Voyage;
tho' in the climate of England it would not b$
eafy to fubfift without it a fingle week. And
now having fupplied the (hips with the produce
of this ifland, and not being able to find anchorage neaj; any of thofe adjoining, we fet
fail :'■■'«   $0   &$A^.      I*    -lil-
On |he: 17th, fleering W. tho' W. S. i-W-
feemed to be our courfe for Rotterdamf.    The
iflands we had juft left were the Balmerfton
Ifles, in lat. 18 deg. 11 min. S. and long. 164
deg, 14 min. W.
On the 20th, we varied our courfe, fteering
NW.   4        \^^f^^$^' .^
On the 22d, clear weather, but a great fwell
from the (buth, a fure prefage of an approach-
inggftorm. This day we altered our courfe to
S. B, W. with the wind variable.
On the 25th, the expected ftorm came on,
which increafed to fuch an alarming heighth
before night, attended with thunc|er, light-
ning, and rain, with a tremendous fea, that with
all our fails handed, our top-gallant yards ftruck,
W£s were obliged to lie too under bare poles
till morning appeared.
On the 26th, the ftorm being fomewhat
abated, the Refolution of which we had loft
fight, bore down to us, and at five in the afternoon we made fail under clofe reefed top-
fails. About eleven at night we narrowly ef-
caped running on fhore on Savage Ifland, the
man at the m'aft-head calling out Land, when,
dark as it was, we foon got fight of it clofe
on" Capt. COOS's VoyaG*;       95
on our lee-boWi fleering directly for it. We
inftandy put about, an$ fired a gun as, a fignal for the Refolution, (then to windward
about half a mile) toydo the fame, i .So nap
row an efcape made a ftrong impreffion qn
the (hip's company, who, thoughtlefs as they
are, could not help loolqaig up to heaven with
thankful hearts for fo fignal a deliverence. As
foon as it was light next morning, we faw
this execrated ifland, at the diftance of about
four leagues.
On the 29th, our carpenter's mate had the
misfortune to fall down upon deck and break
his leg. Happy that no other misfortunes had
befallen us during a feries of tempeftuous weather, which few (hips would have been able
to refill. I,About nine in the morning, the
ftorm ftiR continuing, but the fky in part clear,
the man at the maft-head called out Land,
which was prefently known to be Anomocoa,
or Rotterdam, fo called by the Dutch who firft
difcovered it, bearing S W. diftance about four
of five leagues. At ten faw two mountains,
bearing S. S, W. diftance about nine or ten
leagues, and foon after a great fmoak was feen
to afcend from the lowermoft ifland. The
weather flill continuing fqually, we approached
Anomocoa with great caution. About five in
the afternoon, the fignal was made from the
Refolution to come too, which we obeyed, and
about fix call anchor.
K 4    . On 1.11
g6        Capt.   COOFs   Voyage;
On the 30th, we   weighed   again, and  in
the   evening,  worked   into Anomocoa road*
About fix we moored, and was foon after joined
by the Refolution.     We had now been juft
fixty days in a pafiage, which in a direct courfe
could not have exceeded ten, and had been ex-
pofed to the fevered trials, owing to fome fatality in purfuing a coHirfe which there was not
a feaman on   board fiiat did not difapprove.
It feemed  to have no object of difcovery in
view, as we fell  nearly into the fame track,
which our Commodore had formerly navigated,
nor did we meet with a fingle ifland, which one
or other of our late voyagers hacrnot feen or
vifited ih-*their different routs.     How it happened is not eafy to be accounted for, as it was
next to a miracle, that any creature onboard
the Refolution remained alive to reach our pre-
fent harbour?^ Had not the copious1 rains that
fell almoft inceflantly from the time we pafTed
the tropic till our arrival here,   fupplied the
daily confumption of water on board our (hips,
not only the animals but the men muff have pe-
rifhed.    Happy, however, that we now found
ourfelves i# fafety on a friendly coaft.    We
forgot the dangers we had efcaped, and thought
only of enjoying with double pleafure the fweets
of thefe happy iflands, whofe fpontaneous productions perfume the air to a confiderlble diftance with a fragrance inconceivably reviving;
and whofe plantations exhibit a richnefs of prof-
Ill       pect Capt.  COOK's    Voyage. 97
pect as we approached them, owing to the beautiful intermixture of the various biofToms, with
the vivid green -leaves of the trees, of which
the moft animated defcription can communicate
but a faint idea. Add to thipfe, the tufted
clumps that naturally adorn the^lfttfe riling hills
that appear every where delightfully intertperfed
among the verdant lawns^^brarlch low vallies
which furround them. Nothing in nature can
be more pleaftng to the eye, or more grateful
to tporfenfes.
We were, no fooner moored in the harbour,
than we were furrounded with innumerable little
boats, or canoes, moft curioufly conftructed atyl
ornamented 5 the fides with a polifh that fur*
pafs'd the blackeft ebony, and the decks inlaid1
with mother of pearl and tortoife-fheli, equal to
the belt cabinets of European manufacture*aJj|
this kind of workmanfhip, thofe iflanders feem
to excel. Their weapons of war, their clubs,
the handles of their working tools, the paddles
of their boats, and even their .fiih-hooks are
polifhed and inlaid with variegated fhells, by
an infinite accumulation of which their fhoren
are margined, and among- them our natura-
lifts found fome of fuperlative beauty. Thefe
boats held generally three perfons, and una^§
their decks, which take up two thirds of thej|
length, they brought the fruits cf their plantations and the manufactures of their country,
which confided, befides cloth of different fa-
brics, I
98        Capt.   COOK's   Voyage^?
brics, of a great variety of things ufeful^and
others ornamental. Of the firft fort were combat
fifh.hooks, lines, nets made after the European fafliipn, needles made^ffcone, with thread
of different finenefs, purfes, calibafhes made of
reeds fo cfofely wrought as to be water-tight;
with a variety of other utenfils. Among the
latter^ were bracelets, breaft-plates ornamented
with feathers of a vivid glow ; npafks, man-
talets compofed of feathers, fo artfully and
beautifully arranged, as even our Englifh ladies
would not difdain to wear. Thefe were of |m-
mcnfc value 84 the Society Ifles, where Omai
faid a fme red feather would purchafe a hog,
iffl of thefe, and red feathers, Omai laid in
a (lore.
The \ people of thefe iflands have already
Been fo well deferibed by Capft Cook, and Mf.
Fofter, thatPwhat we have now to add, is rather
to confirm their accounts than to advance any
thing new. We found them of a friendfy* dH-
pofition, generous^ Hofpitable, and ready to
oblige. Some there were among them moft
villainoufly given to thieving; but that propen*
fity did not appear to them fo much a vice*in
the light we are apt to confider it, as a craft,
fynonymous to cunnings according to our acceptation of the word. He who was detected
and punifhed, was neither pitied nor defpifed
by his neighbours ; even the Arces, or great
men among them thought it no crime to practice
Oftteli Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.,     99
that craft upon our commanders whenever they
found an opportunity; and would only laugh
when they were detected; juft as a cunning fellow irt England would laugh when he had found
an opportunity of out-witting an honefter man
than himfelf. U*
As foon as the ufual ceremonies had pafTed,
and peace was eftablifhed, the commanders of
both mips gave orders that no perfon of whatever rank on board, fhould purchafe any thing
of the natives till the fhips were fuppiied with
provifions. This order was iffued for two pur-
pofes; one to regulate the prices, the other to
oblige the natives to bring their provifions to
market, **when they found that nothing elfe was
faMble; and it produced the defired effect.
The number of hogs and fruit that were
brought, were greater than the daily confump-
tion; though the ordinary fhip-allowance was
entirely flopt, and the produce or the iflands
ferved out in its ftead. We even falted for feveral days, from four to fix hogs a day.
The civility of the chiefs was not confined
to their leadinefs to fupply the fhips with provifions. They complemented the commanding
officers with the ufe of a magnificent houfe,
conveniently fituated upon the beach during
their flay: and at the fame-time prefenred them
with breaft-plates moft beautifully decorated
with feathers, being the richeft offering they
had to make.   In return, the Gommanders were
, not Capt.   COOK's   Voyage;
not wanting in generality, lcjaclina, them with
batchets, knives, linen cloth, glafs, and beads v
with which they though*** themfelves amply repaid. Tents were now carried on fhore i the
aftronomers obfervatory erected; wonders and
waterers appointed; and all the artificers on
board employed in the reparations of the fhips ;
not a few being wanting after a voyageyof two
months, through a tempeftuoes fea, djJring
which the elements of fire, air, and water*
might be faid to be in perpetual conflict*
While thefe things were about, the commanders and chiefs were every day contriving tm
vary the pleafures of their refpective guejts, and
to entertain them wifh^new diverfions^ They
were mutually engaged on board and on (hore
to (urprife each other witfi novdte^ On board,
the chiefs were entertained .with mufte. dancing, and feafting, after the European manner;
and with;: what feemed much more pleafing-fs
them, as they paid more attention to it, with
the various operations of the artificers wfoo were
at work on their refpective employments. The
facility with which the boat-builders performed
their work particularly attracted their notice;
when they beheld the labour of a year* with
them, performed in a week by the fame number
of hands on board, their aftonifliment was beyond conception; nor wercthey lefs in amazement to fee large timber cut through the
middle   and * faw'd  into  plank,  while   they
wm r~
Capt.   COOK's  Voya^i.     tot
were fpectatops, which   they   had   no means
of effecting  in   their  ifland   in   many   da^§t
On fhore, the chiefs, in return, endeavourieA
to entertain-the commanders; they feafted them
like tropical kingSj with barbicued hogs, fowls,
and with the moflPdelicious fruits; and, for
wine, they offered them a liquor made before
their faces, in a manner, not to be mentioned
without difguft; but as the chiefs had refined
to drilik wine on board, Our commanders, and
thofe who Attended them, needed no other apo-
logy for refilling to partake of this liquor with
therh*;^ They likewife, after dinner, introduced
their mufic, and dancers,  who were chiefly
Women of the theatrical eaft, and excelled in
agility and varied attitudes, many of the beft
performers in Europe; a kind of pantomine
fucceeded, in which fome prize-fighters difplayed
their feats of arms; and this part of the drama
concluded with a humorous reprefentation of
fome laughable flory, "which produced among
the chiefs, and their attendants, the moft immoderate mirth.    The fongfters came laft, the
melody of whofe voices was heightened by a
kind of accompanyment, not unufual in the
earlieft ages, among the polite ft  nations, as
may be learnt from ancient paintings, where"
the fingers and dancers are reprefented with
flat clams or (hells in their hands, fnapping them
together, to harmonize their tunes, and regulate their movements.    Though this farcical
exhibition \
I   f
102       Capt;   COOK's   Voyage;
exhibition was otherwife infipid to us, it was
not wholiy without its ufe, iq marking a fimi-
larity of manners among mankind, at the diftance of half the globe, and at a period, when
the arts of civil life were in their infancy.    Who
knows, but that the feeds of the liberal arts,
that have now been fowa^by European naviga^
tors in thefe happy climes, mav, a thoufand
years hence, be .ripened into maturity; and that
the people, who are now but emerging from
ignorance into fcience,  may,  when  the  memory of thefe voyages aj£ forgotten, be found
in the zenith of their improvements by other
adventurers, who may pride jdiemfelves as th#
firft difcoverers of new countries, and an un-v
known people, infinitely fuperior to thofe who,
at that time, may inhabit thefe regions, and
who may have loft their boafted arts, as weVfcat
this day fee, among the wretched inhabitants
of Greece, and the flill more miferable flaves
of Egyptian bondage—Such are the viciffi-
tudes to whjph'the inhabitants of this little orb
are fubject; and fuch, perhaps, are the yiciffil
tudes which the globe itfelf muft undergo before its final diflblution^ To a contemplative
mind, thefe iflands prefent a mortifying fpecta-
cle of the ruins of a  broken   and defolated
portion of the earth ; for it is impoffible to fur-
vey fo many fragments of rocks, fome with inhabitants and fome without, and not conclude
with the learned and ingenious  Dr. Burnet,
that Capt:   COOK'$   Voyage.       103
that they are the effects of fome early convttl*
fion of the earth, of which no memory re*
mains.   But to return;
During our flay here, we were nightly entertained with the fiery eruptions of the neighbouring volcanos, of which, notice has been
taken by former voyagers. There are two
mountains that occafionally emit fire and fmoke;
but the lowed is the moft conftant.
On the 19th day of our residence at Anomocoa, our wooders returned, almoft blinded
by the rains that fell from the manchionello trees*
and with blotches all over their bodies, where
the rains happened to have accefs. The poi-
fonous quality of thefe trees has been noticed
by other voyagers, but was more feverely felt
upon this occafion, than by any of our people
In the like fituation. Many capital thefts were
committed during our day, and (bme articles
of confiderable value carried off.
On the 4th of June, Capt. Clark's fteel-yards
were floln out of his cabin, while he, with
other gentlemen, were entertained by the chiefs
with a Heiva, or dramatic force on fhore: but
was afterwards recovered. On the fame day,
as he was mingled with the croud, his fciflars
was taken out of his pocket, three different
times, and as often replaced, when milled.
On the 7th, we unmoored, and fhifted our
ftation; but in fo doing we parted out* fmall
bower anchor, with about 27 fathorti?of cable,
HI the
Yv\ io4r       Capt.   COO K's   Voyage.
the anchor remaining among the rocks.   In^the
tuning we moored again.   From this day till
The 12th, we were employed in recovering
the anchor we had loft, which, after lofing the
buoy-rope and grappling, was brought on board,
and fecured. One of the natives dole an axe
from the fhip, but was difcovered, and fired at.
He efcaped by diving. A ,party of them had
unlafhed the ftream anchor, and was lowering
it down into their canoe; but, being difcovered in the act, paddled to fhore, and got
clear off.
**fj6ii«F^E *^^3#*Mc:v^»-'*-  " **%F?*   '     -    _
On the 13th, the live ftogka^which had been
landed the day after our arrival^ on a fmall
ifland, about half a mile from the (hore to
graze, werej brought on board amazingly recovered ; from perfect fkeletons, the horfes and
cows were grown plump, and as playful as
young colts. This day orders were ifiued
for failing -, the tents were ftruck, and Mr.
Jfhillipfon, lieutenant of marines, loft all his
bedcjing, by the careleflhefs of the centinel,
wjio received 12 lafhes for neglect of duty. In
the morning, the long boat was found fwamped,
and all the ftern flieets, and feveral other
articles belonging to her, miffing, and never
recovered, for which the marine, who had the
care of the watch was feverely punifhed.
; On the 14th, we made fail, by the advice
and direction of a chief, named Tiooney, to an
ifland about 40 leagues diftant, which abounded,
i ft he
J Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.     1O5
he faid, in every thing we wanted ; wood, water, hogs, fowls, fruits, and grafs for our cat"
tie. We failed with a fine breeze, wind NE»
courfe WSW. and about eleven at night,
pafied the burning mountains, bearing N N W*
diftant about half a mile. The flames rifing
from the lowermoft with a bellowing noife
louder than thunder, but hoarfer and more terrifying, illuminated the air in the night, and
enabled us to work through the moft dangerous
pafTage, that could poffibly be navigated. We
had more than 60 iflands within fight, all of
them furrounded with reefs of rocks, with fo
many windings and turnings, as truly might
be faid to conftitute a labyrinth ; but by the
aflifiance of our Indian pilot, we pafied them
all in fafety, and
On the 24th, moored in a fine bay, on the
weft fide of Calafoy, in 22 fathom water, fhelly
bottom. We had fcarcely moored, before we
were furrounded with natives from all quarters,
who had been apprized of our coming, and
who had loaded their canoes with hogs, fowls,
bread-fruit, yams, plantains, and every kind
of fruit the ifland produced, which they exchanged for broken glafs, red and blue beeds
fhreds of fcarlet cloth, or indeed any thing we
offered them.
On the 18th, the live-flock were landed, and
a proper guard appointed to look after them.
L Her§ io6     CAPT.fCOOK's   Voyage
Here Our friend Tiooney afftftned the fame
confequenee, as at Anamocoa. He came on
board with his canoe, laden with four large
hogs, bread fruit, -and (haddocks, a fine odoriferous fruit, in fmell and tafle, not unlike a
lemon, but larger, and more round. He
brought likewife yams of an enormous fize,
weighing from fifty to fixty pounds each.
He was followed by the Arake and chiefs of
the Ifland who came laden in the fame manner, with hogs, fowls, and every fpecies of
provifions the ifland afBjrded; thefe he introduced in form to the commanders and officers
according to their rank. This ceremony over,
the tents were landed, and all hands fet to work,
to finifh the repairs of the (hips. The chiefs
were feafted on board, and the commanders
and officers hofpitably entertained on (bore.
On our part, fire works were exhibited, the
marines were drawn up, and went through
their military manoeuvres, furrounded by thou-
fahds of natives, who were frightened at firft,
and fled like herds of deer from the noife of
the guns; but finding they did no harm, took
courage, and rallied at a diftance, but no per-
fuafions could prevail upon them to come near.
On the part of the natives, they were equally
inclined to pleafe ; they gave heivas every day;
and drew their warriors top-ether, who went
likewife through their military exercifes, and
beat one another feverely in their mock-fights,
which Cap*.   COOK's  Voyage,     io?
which, u^jfhat refpect,differed but little from our
cudgel-players in England. In this manner, and
in ranging rJie ifjand, botanizing,- examining
the curioftties, natural and artificial, we employed our time, while the live flock were gathering
ftrength, a°d recruiting their flefh, and the
feveral artificers were compleating the repairs
of the fhips. It is not eafy for people, who
are totally unacquainted with the language of
a country, to make themfelves mafters of
the civil policy of the inhabitants. Indeed
it is next to impoffible in a fhort refidence a-
mong them. As we obferved no fuch medium
as money, by which the value of property is
afcertained, it was not eafy to difcover, what
elfe they had fubftituted in its room, to facilitate the modes of traffic among themfelves. That each had a property in the plantation he goffefled, we could plainly difcern ;
and the Arake and chiefs among them were ready
enough to point out their pofleflions, the extent of which gave them confequence, as a-
mong other civilized nations; but no fuch thing
as circulating property being difcoverable, by
the hoarding up of which, and laying it out
occafionally to advantage, one mighif purchafe
another's landed or fubflantial property, we
could not inform ourfelves fufficiently, by what
means the fifherman purchased his canoe,
or the boat-builder his materials, yet there cannot remain a doubt, but that the boat-builder
L   2 had ioS     Capt.   COOK's   Voya
had an intereft in his boat, after it was built, as
weft as the chief in his plantation, after it Was
inclofed and cultivated.    With us, all was carried on by barter, and an imaginary value fixed
on every article.    A hog was rated at a hatchet, and fo many bread-fruit, cocoa-nuts and
plaintains at a firing of beeds: and fo, in like
manneTf^throughout;  but among themfelves*
we faw no fuch value by way of barter.    We
did not obferve fo much fruit given for fo many
fifh; nor fo many combs, needles, or  ufeful
materials, for a  certain  proportion of cloth;
but doubtlefs, fome mode of exchange there
muft be among them; for it is certain there
was no fuch thing as money, at lead none that
we could difcern: neither could  we difcover
any diftinct property, which one man claimed
more than another  in the Yorefts or woods;
but that every man, like us, cut what he wanted for ufe, and was under no 1 miration for
fuel.    Salt, which is fo neceflary an article in
I European houfe-keeping, was wholly unknown
to the tropical iflanders.
On the 19th, an Arake came on board, and
prefented Capt. Clarke with a large and elegant head-drefs, ornamented with pearls, (hells
and red feathers, wreathed with flowers of the
moft refplendent colours. The Captain, in
return, loaded him with many ufeful articles
of European manufacture, knives, fciffars,
faws,    and   fome   fhowy firings   of    beads,
which Capt. COOK'S Voyage.'* ioa
which were highly prized by the royal Cala-
foyan, who thought it no difgrace, to paddle
himfelf on fhore, with his rioh acquifitions.
On the 20th, an affair happened on board
the Difcpyery, that had nearly cancelled all
former obligations,and put an end to that friend*
(hip, which mutual acts of civility and gene-
rofity had apparently contributed to cement.
One of the chiefs, who had been frequently
on board, and who had been of the parties
cordially entertained, invited, perhaps, by the
familiarity of a young cat, and delighted by
its playfi^pefs, watched his opportunity to car*
ry it off; but unluckily for him was detected
before he could effect his purpofe. He was
immediately feized and clapt in irons, and an
exprefs fent on fhore, to acquaint the A rake,
or king, with the greatnefs of his crime, and
the nature of his punifhment. On this news,
the Arake himfelf, and feveral of his chiefs
haftened on board, when to their grief and
aftonifliment, they found the prifoner to be
the king's brother. This news foon circulated ;
and the whole ifland was in commotion. Tioony
feafonably interpofed. He applied to Omai,
to know what was to be done, and upon what
terms his releafe might be procured. Omai
told him, his offence was of fuch a nature, as
not to be remitted without punifhment; fee muft
fubmit to be tied up,and receive ioo lafhes; that
the higher he was in rank, the more neceflary it
was. to punifhhim, by way of example, to de-
-1    I -.Hi 3 ■' «# no      Capt.   COOK's   Voyage; "
ter others from practices of the like nature;
and that therefore it was in vain to plead for
his deliverance, upon any other terms than fub-
miflion. Tioony acquainted the Arake with
all that had pafTed, and prefently a number of
chiefs entered into confultation upon the mea -
Jures that were to be purfued; fome bjr their
geftures were for refenting the itffult, athd ojthersf
were for fubmitting. 'Some, in great wraths
were for inftantly returning to fhore, and aflem-
bling the warriors in-order to make reprktehr/
and no lefs than feven attempted to leave the
(hip, but found the way ftopt, to prevent their
efcape^ two or three jumped over-board, but
were inftantly followed, taken up, and brought
back. Thtsfs, finding themfelves befet on all
fides, and the king himfelf, S§ well as the
chiefs in the power of our Commanders^ they
again entered into confultation, and aftlfr half
an hour's deliberation, the refolt was, to make
a formal furrender of the prilbtter, to the Arake
of the (mp; to befeech him fo mitigate th£
rigour of his ptmifliment; and at the fame
time to put him in mind of the regard that
had been (hewn to him and his people, not
only by the chiefs of the ifland in general, but
more particularly by the frfends and relations
of the offender, who had it flill in thtfir power
to render them farther fervice. TbfSr was what
was chiefly intended by the whole prtfeels. The
prilbner was no fooner furrendered^h form,
~*rr ■ nr
■*«aa Capt. COOK's Voyage. iii
than he was tied to the (brands, and received
one lafh, and difmifled. The joy of the mul-
tkude, who were affembled on^ne fhore, waiting with anxious fiifpence to le-jjn what was to
become of their unfortunate chief, is hardly to
be concaved when they faw him at large ;
they received him on his landing with open
arms, and inftead of relenting the indignity
that had been offered to the fecond perfon of
the ftate, was ready to load his profecutors with
gifts, and to proftrate themfelves in gratitude.
Nothing can be more characteriflic of the pacific difpofition of thefe friendly iflanders, than
their behaviour on this occafion. Thev feem
to be the only people upon earth who, in principle and practice, are true ch*i&ian& . They
may be truly faid to love their enemies, though
they never heard the precept that enjoins it.
Early on the 31ft, the k«ng came on boanit
with four large hogs, and as much bread-fruit,
yams, and (haddocks as his boat would hold,
as a prefent to the Captain, for which he would
take no return ; but a hatchet and fome beads
were put iato his boat, with which he returned,
much gratified.
On the 22d, their warriors were all drawn
up in battle array, and performed a mock-fighr,
but left any ftratagem (hould be intended, the
marines were ordered to attend the engagement:
nothing, however, that indicated treachery appeared.   The battle was followed by a heiva,
L 4 in
p^S v
iii      Capt.   COOK#s   VoYAOt;
in which the two young princeffes, neices to the
chief who dole the cat, were the principal performers, and the evening concluded with every
mark of perfect reconciliation.
On the 23d, orders were given to prepare
for failing. The live dock, that had been
grazing, poflibly, on the lands of him who
received the lafh, were got on board, wood and
water were brought in plenty, the former of
the bed quality-; and the latter excellent. In
fhort,nothing could exceed the accommodations
Of- every kind, with which we were furnifhed
in this delightful ifland.
On the 25th, we unmoored, and
On the 27th, made fail in company with the
Refolution, but in the night, heavy fqualls,
with thunder, lightning and rain, to which
thefe iflands are much expos'd. Many of the
natives accompanied us as paffengers to A-
Onjthe 30th, we were employed bearing to
iwindward, and about 12 at night, the Refo-
lution fired a gun, as a fignal of diftrefs. She had
run aground on a reef, but before we could
come to her afliftance, fhe rolled off.
On the j ft of June, we came in fight of the
burning mountains, diftance about 4 leagues.
And, about 11 in the forenoon, moored in a
fine bay. Here the Indians came j) us With
•hogs in abundance, fome of which we killed
and cured, but the pork foon contracted a difa-
greeable Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
greeable taint, which was much complained of
by the fhips companies* While eaten frefh,
the meat was of an exquifite flavour.
Nothing remarkable till the 5th, when we
made fail, and about 5 in the afternoon, the
Refolution reached Anamocoa, and moored in
her old birth; but the Difcovery not being
able to beat up againft the dorm, did not arrive
till feven in the eyening. When, calling anchor, fhe drove, and in lefs than an hour, was
three leagues to leeward of the Refolution,
and in the utmoft danger of being wrecked.
All hands were now employed! in weighing up
the anchor, and a nurnbir of hands carnje fea-
fonably from the Refolution to our aflillance
The night was tempeftuous, with a heavy raia
and a high fea, Our labour, till four in the morning was inceffant. We made but little way to
windward, notwithstanding the utmoft exertion
of our whole ftrength. Providentially the gale
fubfided; we fwayed the anchor, and before daylight was fafely moored by the fide of the
On the Sth, Tioony came on board, and
gave an account of the lofs of feveral of his
people, in attempting to accompany their
canoes from Calafoy and Appj-, the ifland on
whicix the burning mountains are fituated;
that he himfelf was in the utmoft danger ; that
being overfet in his canoe,  he was obliged to 114      Capt.   COOK^s   Voyage.     ,
fwim more than two leagues ; and that at laft,
he was miraculously difcovered and taken up,
by a fifliing canoe on the csaft of Appy, whstt?
he was almoft fpent. We expreffed great joy
on his deliverance ; and he no lefs," to find the
fhips fafe in their former ftation, as he thought
it almoft impoflible, he faid, that they could
weather the dorm. Being now provided with
every neceflary this ifland could afford,
On the 9th, we fet fail for Tongataboo, or
Amfterdam Ifland ; but in our pafiage, both
the Refolution and Difcovery fell foul of the
fame rock: the Refolution only touched upon
it (lightly j but the Difcovery duck fad, and
hung upon it, gunnel too; happy it was, that
we had day-light, and fine weather, and that
the Refolution was within call. By clapping
the fails to the mad, and lightening the fhip
abaft, we fwayed her off with little damage.
We were then within two leagues of Arnfter-
dam 5 off which, in the evening, we cad anchor in fix fathom water. We were inftantly
furrounded with natives, who came to welcome
us, and feemed overjoyed at our arrival. It is
not uncommon with voyagers,to fligmatize thefe
i(landers with the name of Savages, than
which no appellation can be worfe applied, for
a more civilized people does not exift under
the fun. During our long ftay with them, wis
did not fee one inftance of diforder among
themfelves, nor one perfon punifhed for any
mm Capt. COOK's Voyage. 115
mifdemeanor, by thek own chiefs; we faw but
few quarrels among individuals. On the contrary, much mitth and feeming"harmony was
obfervabk»ttt'Highly*dtlighted witfc their (hows
and heivas, they fpend their time in a kind of
luxurious indolence, where all labour a littler,'
but none to excefs, The Arake or king paddles
himfelf in his canoe, though he muft have a
terw tow to help him to eat. This feemsftrang|b
to an European, as it reduces the man to the
condition of a child, and yet it is. but one remove from w*hat we fee daily practiced before
our eyes*. The gentleman' has his table fpread,
his food of various forts fet before him; has
all his apparatus made ready, his bread cut,
Ms meat carved, and hit plate fstfffifhed ; he
has his drink handed to him, and in fhort,
tVery thing which the tropical king has, except
only conveying all thofe matters to his mouth,
which the Arak! thinks may as we$l be done by
his tow tow. Yet the orntffion of this fingle act
of handing his meat and drink fo his mouth,
brings a term of reproach upon the Arake, tho*,
by the handinefs of hH fervants in the fervices
of the table, the European gains the character
of the polite gentleman. Such and fo flender
are the diftinctioni* in the refinements of nations;
the barriers that divide (loth from, fumptuouf-
nefs; and the fimplicity of the Arake from the
magnificence of fhe prince.
On ii6     Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
On the 11 th we weighed and failed in com*
pany with the Refolution, and moored again
in Maria's Bay, one of the fineft harbours in
the South Seas. Here we were furrounded by
more than 150 canoes at once, all laden with
provifions, or the manufactures of the country. Tiooney, who feemed to be the emperor
of the iflands dill accompanied us. And a-
bout fix leagues from this harbour had his chief
refidence. Plenty of hogs, and fowls without
number, were brought us, and were purchafed
at fo cheap a rate as a hog for a hatchet; and
a fowl for a nail, or two red beads. Our live
dock were put afhore upon a moft delightful
lawn, where they ranged at pleafure, and where
their paftures were bounded byrefrefhing (hades.
On the little ifland on which they were placed
to graze, a plafh of water was found, which by
digging was enlarged to a pond, that not only
fupplied drink for the cattle, but water in plenty for the ufe of the fhips. j In this harbour too
were found every neceflary for repairing the damages the fhips had received in ftriking agajnft
the rocks; and here too every attention was
paid us that our Commander in Chief had experienced in his former vifits, of which the inhabitants had not yet loft the remembrance.
But an accident happened that put the whole
ifland in motion. While our people were engaged in preparing fire-works to entertain the
chiefs, two turkies, a fhe-goat, and a peacock
■ftJa Capt.   COOK.s   Voyage.     Up
were flolen from the Difcovery, and craftily
carried off.    They were no fooner miffed than
complaint was made to Tiooney of this breach
of hofpitality, and a peremptory demand made
to have the creatures purloined, reftored. Whether he was privy to the theft, and was willing
to connive at it; or, what was more probable,
knew not by whom it was committed, nor how
readily to recover creatures of fo much curio-
fity, which he knew would be artfully concealed, he feemed to make light of it, and to offer
hoes and fowls in return; but this offer was re^
jected, and Capt. Cook being applied to, ordered all the canoes to be feized, two chiefs
that were in the fhip to be detained, and an order iffued for carrying fire and fword through
the ifland, if they were not, in four and twenty
hours, reftored.   This order being known a-
broad, the inhabitants affembled from all quarters, and in lefs than half a day, more than
1500 appeared in arms, upon the beach; in
the mean time, our two Captains had ordered
their pinnaces out, their boats to be manned
and armed, parties of marines to  be put on
board, and every preparation to be made, as
if to carry their threats into execution.    Upon
their  firft landing, a  native iffued from  the
woods, out of breath, as if juft come from a
long journey, and acquainted the Captains that
he had feen the ftrange creatures, that had been
taken away,  at the houfe of a chief, on the
oppofite n8     Caopt.   COOK's   Voyage.
oppofite fide of the ifland, whither he was ready to conduct them, if they chofe to follow
him. The Captains thinking this a proper opportunity to furvey the ifland, accepted the
offer; and accordingly fet out, in company
with Mr. Blythe, mafter of the Refolution,
Mr. Williamfon, 3d Lieutenant, with feveral
other gentlemen, attended with a party of marines, directing their courfe as the Indian led the
They had hardly been gone an hour, before
ftrong parties of Indians poured down from
the hills, to ftrengthen thofe that were already
aflembled upon the beach.    The Captain of
marines, who had charge of the boats, having
drawn up his men on feeing the numbers of
the enemy begin to appear formidable, ordered
them to fire over their heads.    This they difre-
garded,  and  were beginning their war-fong,
which always precedes their coming to action,
when the Captain gave Tioony to underftand,
that he would inftantly deftroy them, if they
did not that moment difperfe.    Tiooncy terrified by the countenance with which this threat
was accompanied, rufhed among the foremoft:
ranks of the warriors, feized the fpears of the
chiefs, broke feveral of them, and returning,
laid them at the Captain's feet.    This had in
part the defired eflect; the Indians retreated
*n a body, but feemingly unwilling to difperfe.
The Capt.  COOK's Voyage.       119
The Captain difliking the appearance of the
enemy, made figns from the fhore for the fhips
to bring their broad fides to bear, and at the
fame time drew up his men u^der their guns.
The commanding officers on board improved
the hint, and inftantly fired fome round fhot directly over the heads of the thickeft of the enemy.   This compleated what Tioony had be*
gun 5 a panic feized the chiefs, and the reft fled
like fo many fheep without a purfuer.    Capt.
Cook, ignorant of wh^t had happened, but
not out of hearing of the great, guns, was at
a lofs to determine whether to go on or to return ; but the great guns ceafing after the firft
difcharge, he rightly concluded that, whatever
might be the original caufe of their firing, k
did not require a fecond difcharge to remove
it; he therefore refolved to proceed.   In his
progrefs, the heat became almoft intolerable,
which   was rendered flill more infupportable
by the want of water, there being none to be
met with, except in lagoons, that were brackifh.
After a journey of more than 12 miles, through
a country interfected with numerous plantations,
and where there was hardly any beaten path,he at
length arrived at the refidence of the chief, whom
he found feafting on a barbicued pig, a ftewed
yam, and fome bread-fruit, of which he had
plenty.   Surprized at the fight of the Captain
and his attendants, and confcious of their errand, he went out immediately, and produced
the 120      Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
the turkey, goat, and peacock, which he readily returned, but made no apology for the
theft, nor for the trouble he had given the
Arake of the (hips, in coming fo far to recover
the lofs.
On their return to the tents, they found
Tiooney flill there, who welcomed them with
much feeming fincerity, and began with apologizing for the conduct of his people, owing,
he faid, to the mifapprehenfion of the orders
from the (hips, which were, as they thought,
to burn and deftroy all without exception, men,
women, and children, and to lay wafte the
ifland.    He then invited Capt. Cook to accompany him a little way into an adjoining wood,
with which invitation he very readily complied,
and found two cocoa-nut trees, with the branches ftript of their leaves and fruits, hung with
yams, bread-fruit, and  (haddocks  ranged  in
fpirals  curioufly  interfered,   and  terminated
each with two. hogs, one ready barbicued, and
one alive, which he had ordered to be prepared
as prefents to the two Commanders, for which
he would receive no return.   The barbicued hog
was an acceptable prefent to the people who had
travelled four and twenty miles, with no other
refrefhment than what they carried with them,
except fome fruit, which they gathered on the
road.    A party of Indians were planted in rea^
dinefs to difmantle   the  trees, and the boats
were employed to carry their contents on board
the fhips j and thus ended this memorable day,
which, Capt.   C O O K's Voyage.       121
which, probably, will be commemorated as a
day of deliverance, by their lateft pofterity.
During our flay here, more capital thefts
were committed, and more Indianspunifhed than
in all the friendly iflands befides; one was punifhed with 72 lafhes, for only ftealing a knife,
another with 36, for endeavouring to carry off
two or three drinking glaffes 5 three were punifhed with 36 lafhes each, for heaving ftones
at the wooders ; but what was flill more cruel,
a man for attempting to carry off an axe, was
ordered to have his arm cut to the bone,
which he bore without complaining.
It is not to be wondered, that after fuch wanton acts of cruelty, the inhabitants fhould grow
outrageous; and, though they did not break
out into open acts of hoftility, yet they watched every opportunity to be vexatious.
On the 19th, Mr. Williamfon and Mr;
Blythe, who were fond of fhooting, and con-
fequently of ranging the woods and thickets,
were fet upon by ten or twelve of the natives,
who took from them their fowling-pieces and
(hot-bags, the former of which they carried
off, but dropped the fhot-bags on being purfued.
Recourfe was had to the former expedient,
of feizing the canoes, and threatning the ifland,
as before, and one of the fowling-pieces was,
by that means, recovered; but the other was
never returned
On 122       Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
On the 23th, orders were given to prepare
for failing, the Irve flock were taken on board,
fo altered, that they could not have been known
for the fame poor fkeletons which, two months
before, had been landed on thefe fertile (hores,
Capt. Cook made Tfooney a prefent of a horfe
and a mare, a bull and a cow, a rain and a
ewe, for the many fervices he had rendered him
and his people,  during their refidence in the
friendly ifles, by which he gratified him beyond
his utmoft wifhes.     Thefe  valuable  prefents
were immediately driven to his palace, at Ton-
^a-ta boo, df&ant about four leagues. The fhips
being now  compieatly (lowed ; having wood
and water  as much as they could make room
for| with hogs and  bread-fruit,   cocoa-nuts^
yams and other  roots,  greens in abundance,
and, in fhort, every thing that the (hips could
contain, or the crews defire,   the boats were
fent out to feek a pafiage to the fouth-eaft- ward,
in order to vifit the celebrated little Ifland of
Middleburgh, of which, former voyagers have
given a moft flattering defcription.
On the 29th, the boats returned, having difcovered a narrow gut, not half a cable's length
in breadth, and from 3- t0 5 fathom water*
ioomy bottom.
This day, Mr. Nelfon, of whom mention
has already been made, being alone on the hills
and rocks, collecting plants and herbs', indigenous to the ifland, and at a confiderable dif-
fH tance
ia<. Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.     125
tance from the fhips, was attacked by five or
fix Indians, who firft began by throwing flones,
at which they are very dextrous"; and then,
finding he had no fire-arms, clofed in with him,
ftript him of his cloaths and his bag, which were
all that he had about him.
On the 1 ft of July, the boats were rrfanned,
and the Captains of both (hips went on fhore,
to prefer their complaints to the Arake ; but
the offenders, upon enquiry, being found to be
boys, and the cloaths and bag of plants of
fmall value, Mr. Nelfon, unwilling to embroil
the inhabitants in any more difputes, interceded
with Capt. Cook, as we were juft upon our
departure, not to make his lofs an object of
contention, but to take leave of the chiefs,
in the moft friendly manner, who upon the
whole had behaved wim uncommon kindhefs
and generofity,
On the 3d, while we were getting things in
readinefs to depart, we had an opportunity of
difcovering the reafon of a very lingular mark,
"~which was obferved by former navigators   a
little above the temples of many of the chiefs.
We perceived that this day was kept facred
throughout the whole ifland ; that nothing was
fuffered to be fold, neither did the people touch
any food, and befides that feveral of our new
acquaintance  were  miffing.     Enquiring  into
the caufe, we were tokl that Tiooney's mother was dead, and that the chiefs, who were
M 2 her
V 1
w 124       Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
her defcendants, flayed at home to have their
temples burnt. This cuftom is not confined
to this ifland only, but is likewife common to
feveral others, particularly to thofe of Ea-oo-
we, or Middleburgh, and Appee. This mark
is made on the left fide, on the death of a
mother, and on the right when the father dies;
and on the death of the high prieft, the firft
joint on the little finger is amputated. Thefe
people have therefore their religious rites, tho*
we were not able to difcover how, or when
they were performed.
On the 4th we unmoored, worked out of
the bay, and lay in readinefs to take the advantage of a wind to carry us through the gut,
in our way to, Ea-oo-whe, or Middleburgh,
On the \ 7th, we accomplifhed. Being now
clear of the reefs, we again cad anchor, at a-
bout three leagues didance. We had fcarce
let fall our anchors, when there came along-fide
a large canoe, in which there were three men
and a woman, of fuperibr dignity to any we had
yet feen; one of them, fuppofed by his venerable appearance, to be the high pried, held a
long pole or fpear in his hand, to which he tied
a white flag, and began an oration which laded
a confiderable time; and after it was ended, he
afcended the fide of the (hip, and fat down,
with great compofure, upon the quarter-deck,
till he was accofted by Capt. Clarke, who after
the Capt.  COOK's  Voyage;  ^125
the ufual falutations, invited him, and thole
who accompanied him into the great cabin ; but
his attendants declined the invitation; and to
make known the dignity of the great perfbnage,
in whofe prefence they were, they proftrated
themfelves before him, the women as well as
the men, and kifs'd the fole of his right foot*
This aged Indian brought with him, as a pre-
fent to the Captain, four large hogs, fix fowls,
and  a  proportionable quantity of yams  and
plantains.    In return, the Captain gave him a
printed gown, a Chinefe looking-glafs, fome
earthen cups, and feveral other curiofities, whuffi^
he accepted with great courtefy, and with aw
air of dignity, which remarkably diftinguiihed
him.   The Captain and officers paid him great
attention, and fhewed him the different accommodations on board the fhip, at which he ex-
preffed great aftonifhment.   He was then invited to eat, which he declined.   He was of-l
fered wine, of which the Captain drank firft; \
he put it to his lips, tafted it, but returned the
glafs.   After being on board little more than
an hour, he was defirous of taking leave, and
pointed to a little ifland, to which he gave tiro
Captain a very preffing invitation to accompany
him; but that could not be complied with, as
the fhips were every moment expected to fail.
This venerable perfon was about fix feet three
inches high, finely proportioned, and had a
M 3 com-
'l III   ' -I ■!
-   .
—rrrrr j26      Capt.   CQOK's   Voyaqs.
commanding air, that was both affable and
On the 8th, Tiooney came on board the
Refolution, to take his final leave : he brought
with him five hogs, with a large proportion
of yams and fruit. He teftified his grief at
parting, with all that appearance of fincerity
that characterizes the people of thjeje happy
Qn the 9th we weighed, and on the rajh
eaft anchor, on the S W. fide of the Ifland of
Ea-oo-whe, or Middleburgh, where the people
came on board with as little  ceremony as if
they had been acquainted with us for many years.
Xhey brought us the produce of the ifland t
tyat being already fqpplied snt\%h every neceflary
of that kind, our chief traffic was for birds and
feathers.  Mere the parrots and parroquets were
of the moft beautiful plumage, far furpaflang
thofe ufually imported into Europe from the
Indies j there were  a great variety* of other
birds, on which many genthamen in both ftips
(jet a great vajue, though they were purchafedi
f^4ri.fles. The feathers we purefeafed were of divers colours for the northern market, but chiefly
red from the Marquefas and Society Ifles.  We
alfo purchafed cloth, and many other articles of
CUjtous workmanfhip, the artifts of thi$ ifland,
&r invention and ingenuity in the execution,
exceeding thofe of all the other iflands in the
South Seas.    But what chiefly tended to prolong Capt*   COOK's Voyage.      127
long our (lay here was the richnefs of the grafs,
which made into hay proved excellent food for
our live (lock. From the accounts circulated
through the (hip when we arrived, it was generally believed, that we might travel through
this ifland with our pockets open, provided they
were not lined with iron; but to this, the behaviour of a party of the inhabitants to William Collet, Captain's fleward of the Difcovery,
was an exception. Being alone, diverting himfelf in furveying the country, he was fet upon
and ftript of every thing he had about him, his
(hoes only excepted, and on preferring his
complaint, his keys were all that he was able
to recover,    mg
On the 18th,\ orders were given to prepare
for failing: and Otaheite was appointed our
place of rendezvous, in cafe of feparation. We
had now been near three months improvingour
live dock, wooding, watering, repairing our
(hips, and laying in frefh provifions in thefe
friendly iflands, when the above orders were
iffued out The crews of both (hips received
thefe orders with alacrity ; for, though they
wanted for nothing/yet they longed to be at
Otaheite, where many of them had formed
connections that were dear to them, and where
thofe, who had not yet been there, had conceived fo high an idea of its fuperiority* as to
make them look upon every other place they
M 4 touched
3f   .**
ypr. j28       Cap*.   COOK's   Voyage.
touch at as an uncultivated garden, in compa-
rifon with that little Eden.
At fix in the morning we weighed, and were
foon under fail, fleering our courfe to the fouth-
ward, to fetch a wind to carry us to our intended port.
On the 19th we were out of fight of land,
when in lat. 22 deg. 24 min. S. the wind fluffed fair W N W. with hard gales, which continuing for feveral days,
On the 23d we found our fhip leaky, and no
poflibility of (lopping her leaks till we could
make land. All hands were employed in pumping out the water, and when we found it did
not increafe upon us, the leak gave us little or
no concern. $$■
Nothing remarkable till the 30th, when in
lat. 28 deg. .7 min. the weather became tem-
pednous, and a fudden fquall carried away our
main-top and top-gallant mad, fplit our main-
fail, and carried away the jeb. It is adonifli-
ing to fee with what fpirit and alacrity Eng-
li(h failors exert themfelves on fuch occafions.
Amidd a dorm, when it is almod impofiible
for a landfman to trud himfelf upon deck, our
failors mounted aloft, and with incredible rapidity cleared away the wreck, by which they
preferved the (hip. Nothing equal to this dif-
ader had happened to us in the courfe of the voyage. During the night we hoided lights and fired
guns of didrefs, but neither were feen or heard
.-'$■    ■        I        H ■    .     by Capt. ~;C O O K's  Voyage.      129
by the Refolution, The'dorm continuing with
unabated fury during the night and all next
day, we handed our fails, and fcuclded under
our fore-fail and mizzen ftay-faikat the rate of
feven and eight knots an hour, and *at length
were obliged to lie too with our (hip's head to *
the weft, courfe E N E.
|^ On the 30th we got fight of the Refolution,
about four leagues to leeward. She had damaged her main-top-mail head, but had fe-
cured it, and was otherwife in perfect repair.
Auguft the ift we celebrated the anniverfary
of our departure from England, having juft
been one year abfent. The men were allowed
a double allowance of grog, and they forgot
in the jollity of their cups, the hard/hips to
which they were expofed in the ftorm.
On the 2d our carpenters were employed in
re-placing the old top-maft with a new one;
but juft as they had got it in readinefs to point
the bafe of the top-maft through the main-top,
they difcovered, to our unfpeakable grief, that
the main-maft head was fhattered four or five
feet below the top. This put an end to our labour at this time. The top-maft was lowered
till the main maft could be fecured, which was
a work of infinite difficulty in our fituation, and
could not be accomplifhed without the aflift-
ance of the carpenters from the Refolution.
The fignal of diftrefs was thrown out, .but the
fea ran fo high that no boat could live.    In this
fituation l-Hi
130        Capt.   GO O K's   Voyage.
fituation we continued till the ftorm abated,
when the maft being laftied, a fpare jeb-boom
was got up for a main-top-maft, and a mizzen
top-fail yard for a top-fail yard ; and thus e-
quipped, we made what fail we could, the Refolution fhorcening fail to keep us company.
In this crazy condition, with our leaks rather increafed, we met with a ftorm
On the 3d, which required the utmoft exertion of our ftrength to encounter ; every hand
in the fhip was employed, fome at the pumps,
and others in handing the fails, which was a
work of the greateft danger, yet happily accomplifhed without an accident.
On the 4th at fix in the morning the man at
the maft-head called out land, which was joyful news to all on board, and about feven we
dood in for it. About eleven we faw feveral
canees paddling towards the (hips, in each of
which were three naked Indians. We made
figns for them to come on board, which they declined ; but made figns for us to land. Our
boats were inftantly hoifted out and fent to
found, but no anchorage being found, it was
refolved to purfue our voyage without lofing
any more time. This ifland was a new difcovery. Its latitude by obfervation 27 deg.
31 min. longitude 208 deg. 26 min. E. The
men appeared of the largeft ftature,and tattowed
from head to foot;' the language different from
any we were jet acquainted with, and their
■ssaoans Capt. COOK's Voyagh. 131
drefs not unlike that of the Amfterdatnmers,
their complexion darker, their heads ornamented with fheljs, feathers and flowers; and
their canoes elegantly carved, and neatly con-
ftructed. Of their manners we could form
little or no judgment. They appeared timid;
but by their wayky*|^eeja boughs, and exhU
biting other figns of peace, they gave us reafon to believe that they were friendly. They
exchanged fome fmall fifh and cocoa»nups, fef'
nails and Middleburgh cloth. The appearance.
of the ifland, as we approached jt, was lofty,
but fmall. Its greateft length about 4 leagues,
and its breadth about 2 leagues.
We now proceeded with an eafy breeze, till
the 13th, when the man at the maft-head calling out Land, diftance about feven or eight
leagues, we foon perceived it to be the Ifland
of Otaheite, of which we were in purfuit.
On the 14th, about fix in the morning, we
flood in for the land, and before night were
fafely moored in the harbour, called by the
nafees, Otaite Peha. Here we were furrounded by an incredible number of canoes
filled with natives, befides men women and
children, who fwam to the (hips, exprefiiog
their joy at our arrival. We were fcarce moored,
before the king, attended by moft of the royal
fejtijly, came on board the Refolution to welcome Capt. Cook; the fhores every where re-*
founded with the name of Cook ; not a child,
i!   1
&& 132      Capt.   COOK's  Voyage:
that could lifp Toote, was filent; their acclamations filled the air. The king brought with
him fix large hogs, fome bread-fruit and plantains as a prefent; and Capt. Cook, after the
firft falutations had pafied, prefented the king
with two large hatchets, fome (howy beeds,
a looking-glafs, a knife, and fome nails. frTIe
alfo made prefents to his followers.
They were eager to enter into converfation
with Omai, and informed Capt. Cook, through
his means, of the arrival there of two Spanifh
(hips from Lima, about eight months before;
that at their departure they had taken three of
the natives with them, and had left one of their
people in their room, who had been dead fome
time; that they had built a houfe on (hore,
and erected a crofs with an infcription, which
were dill danding; that they had left fome
cattle, with goats, (heep, and geefe; but that
V^ mod of them were dead; that they promifed to
return foon ; and that they had been there more
than once, fince Capt. Cook's lad vifit. Dinner was no fooner over, than both Captains,
accompanied by Omai, and conducted by the
royal family, went on (hore and viftted the
Spanifh erections; which feemed to indicate a
deeper defign than the natives were aware of;
they had taken pofTeflion of the ifland, in the
name of his Catholic Majefty, and had infcribed
the crofs with the king's name, and date of
^--jtf the year  1777,   which Capt. Cook  took  the
pi •  liberty Capt;  COOK's  Voyage.       133
liberty to pull down and carry away, telling
them at the fame time to beware of their Spanifh vifitors, and not to be over-fond of them.
Moft of the frefh provifions, with which we
were fupplied at the friendly ifles, being expended in the voyage, orders were given to
prohibit all trade with the natives, except for
provifions; and that only with fuch perfons,
as were appointed by the commanders as purveyors for the fhips. By this neceflary regulation, frefh provifions were foon procured in
plenty, and every man was allowed a pound
and a half of pork every day.
On the 16th, Omai was put in pofTeflion of
the houfe the Spaniards had built; his bed put
up after the Englifh fafhion; and he was indulged to fleep on fhore during our fhort flay
at this part of the ifland. Capt. Cook like-
wife caufed the Spanifh infcription to be
erafed, the crofs to be effaced, and a new
infcription to be cut, with the name of the
Englifh fhips that had difcovered the ifland,
the date 1772 when firft difcovered, and the
name of his Majefty, King George, to take
place of that of the Spanifh King Carlos. Here
alfo the live flock were landed, and put to
graze in the meadows that bordered on the
On the 17th, Capt. Cook, with Omai, took
an airing on horfeback to the great aftonifhment
of the inhabitants, many hundreds of whom
if *
i m*
134       Capt.   COOKfs   Voyage.
followed them with loud acclamations.   Omai,
to excite their admiration the more, was drafted
cap-a-pee in a fuit of armour, which he car-
I  ried with him, and was mounted and caparilbn-
ed with his fword and pike, like St. George going
to kill the dragon, whom he exactly reprefented^
only that Omai hadpiftols in his holfters, of which
the poor faint knew not the ufe. Omai, however,
made good ufe of his arms, and when the crowd
became clamorous, and troublefome, he every
now and then pulled out a piftol and fired it
among them, which never failed to fend them
(tampering away.    M
For thefe laft two or three days, the caulkers-
from both (hips were employed, in dopping
the leaks of the Difcovery ; and the carpenters
in fecuring the mails, till we (hould arrive at
the port of IVIattavai, where the (hips were to
undergo a thorough repair.
On the 18th and 19th it blew a hard gale,
and we were obliged to vear out 20 fathom more
of our bed bower cable, as we rode hard at
our moorings.
On the 2id, the fignal was made for un-
Early on the 22d, in the morning, the live
dock were taken on board, and about nine we
weighed and failed, accompanied with feveral
canoes, though the wind blew a dorm, and
we failed under double-reefed top-Tails. In the
evening, the RcMution took her old ftation
IH in Capt.  COOK's   Voyage.     135
in Mattavai Bay: but the wind fuddenly (hiding
and the breeze coming full from the land, we
were driven 3 leagues to leeward of the baf y by
which we were reduced to the neceffity of working all night to windward, amidft thunder, lightning and rain, and among reefs of coral rocks,
on which we every moment expected to perifiv
We burnt falfe fires, and fired feveral guns of
diftrefs; but no anfwer from the Refolution,
nor could we fee any object to direct us during
this perilous night.
In the morning of the 23d,  the  weather
cleared up, and we could fee the Refolution
about three leagues to windward, when a fhift
of wind happening in our favour, we took advantage of it, and by twelve at noon were
fafeiy moored   within   a   cable's   length   of
the Refolution.   It is impoffible to give an
adequate idea of the joy, which the natives ex-
prefied upon our arrival in this bay, becaufe
their manner of expreffing joy is fo different
from our fenfations, that were we to fee perfons
dabbing themfelves with fharp inftruments till
their bodies were befmeared with blood, we
fhould think they were pierced with the moft
frantic defpair, and that it would; be almoft
impoffible to afluage their grief; whereas beating their breafts, tearing their hair, and pricking their heads, their hands, their bodies, are
the moft (ignificant figns of their gladnefs to fee
the friends they love beft.   At the fame time
they 136 Capt. GGOKfs Voyage.
they are ready to overwhelm you wi*;h kind-
nefs, and would give you, for the moment, ail
they have in the world, but the very next hour
crave all back again, and like children teize
you for every thing you have got.
The (hips were no fooner fecured, than the
failors began dripping them of every yard of
rigging they had left; for certainly no (hips
were ever in a more (nattered condition. Our
voyage from New Zealand, if not from the
cape, might be faid to be one continued feries
of .tempeduous weather, fufpended only by a
few intervals of fun-fhine 5 and the employment
M of our artificers at fea and on (hore, a laborious• -.
exertion of their faculties to keep us above water. Here it was not only neceflaiy to drip the
main-mad of the Difcovery ; but to take it out
and carry it on fhore, to be properly fecured.
This was a work of no fmall difficulty. Here
too it was found neceflary, to unftiip our dores
of every kind; to air and repack the powder m
new bake that part of the bread that had contracted any dampnefs: to erect the forge on
(hore; and in fhort, to fet all our artificers to
work en board and on fhore, to refit the fhips
for the further profecution of the voyage.
A mefTenger was difpatched from Captain
Cook to King Otoo, to acquaint him with our
arrival, and to defire his permiffion to fend the
cattle he had brought from Britain, to feed in
the padures of Oparree.   The king exprefled
his   Capt.   COOK's   Voyage;      137
his joy on the return of Capt. Cook, and readily gave his confent. He at the fame time,
ordered- one of his principal officers to accompany the mefleogef*- in his return, and to^ftke,
with him prefents of frefh provifions for the
commanders of both' (hips, and to invite them
on (hore, to dine with him the next day. X-h"l*
invitation was accepted, and it was agreed
between-theLCaptainSj. that their vifit fhould
be^inade with as much date as their present
qrcumftances would admit.$& The marines a**$4
mufic were therefore, ordered to be in readinefs
at an appointed hour, and all the rowers to be
clean dreffed-og
On the 25th, about noon, the commander^
with the principal officers and gentlemen, ern
barked on board the pinnaces, which, on this
occafion, were decked .in all the magnificence
that filken ftreamers, embroidered enfigns*
and other gorgeous decorations could difplay,
Omai, to furprize the more, was cloathed in a
Captain's uniform, and could hardly be. diftin-
guiftied from a Briti(h officer.
From Mattavai to Oparree, was about Jfe
leagues. The.y arrived at die landipg*place,
about one o'clock in the afternoon, and we**f
received by the marines already under arms*
As foon as.|hf2^ompany werg^^u^harkeOiQ^fi
whole ban-Jpf mufic ftruck up a grand,mihtary
l»-$arch, and the proeeffion began. ■$)&£ road
jfrorn the beach to the entrance of the palace
N (about ■hi
ijg       Gapt.   C Q!9 K's   Voyage.
(about half a mile) was lined on both fid§|£
with natives from all parts, expecting to fee
Omai on horfeback, as the account of his appearance on his firft landing on the other fide
of the ifland, as before related, had already
reached the inhabitants on this.| As he appeared
co 'them in difguife, he was not known; they
were not however wholly difappointed, as the
grandeur of the fJroceffion exeeed^daewery eking
of the! kind they hadriever feen. .-The whole
court were likewife ;aftembled, and the king,
with his filters, on the approach of Capt. Cook,
c&mc forfliMto^ftfcic hkft. . As he was perfectly
known to them, their firft falutationswere frank
and friendly, according to the known Cuftoms
of the Otaheiteans, -and when thefe were over,
proper attention was paid to ever J* ^gentleman
in company.; and that too with a politenefs
that, to thofe mho had never been on this ifland
before, was quite unexpected.
As foon as the company had entered the
palace and were feated, and fome difcourfe had
pafTed between the icing and Capt.. Cook, Omai
was prefeoted to-his Majefty. fie had bkherto
efcaped unnoticed, witb the other officers who
were not particularly known. Omai paid h»
Majefty the Usfual homage of a fubject to a fd*-
verdgjhHin that country, which ceofifts of little
more than being uncovered before him, and
then entered kfte familiar convocation, on the
Ycrbjeet Hf his ^elftveis*   The. JEarees> or kings
of 4|     Capt.  COOK's  Voyage     139
Of this country, are not above difcourftng with
the rneaneft of their fubjects, but Omai was
now eonfidered here as a perfon of rank, and a
favou-qice of the Earees of the ftiips. The king,
impatient to hear his (lory, afked him a hundred queftions before be gave him time to an-
fwer one. He afked him concerning the Earee-
da-haj, or Great King of Pretanne, his place
of refidence, his court, his attendants,  his
warriors, his fhips of war, his morai, the extent of his pofTeffibns, &c. &c.   OmaLdid not
fail to magnify the grandeur of the Great King.
He reprefented the fplendour of his court by
the brilliancy of the ftars in the firmament; the
extent of hts dominions, by the vaft expanfe
of heaven 5 the greatnefs of his power, by the
thunder that (hakes the earth. j| He faid, the
Great King of Pretanne had thred; hundred
thoufand warriors every day at his command,
cloathed like thofe who now attended the Earees of the (hips, and more than double that
number of failors, who traverfed the globe,
from the rifing of the fun to his letting; that
his fhips of war exceeded thofe at Mattavai in
magnitude, in the fame proportion, as thofe
exceeded the fmall canoes at Oparree.r^His Majefty appeared ail aftonifhment, and could not
help interrupting him.   He afked, if what he
faid was true, where the Great Sing could find
people to navigate fo many fhips as covered the
ocean from one extremity «o the other f and if
he could feaj men, where he^pouid find nmri-?
N 2 fionft ■Tfe
140     CaptJ^CO OK's   Voyag?:
fions for fo great a multitude ? Omai tifftired
him, that he had fpoken nothing but trUih;
that in bneidky only on the banks of a river far
removed from the Sea, there were more people
than were   contained  in  the  whole group of
iflands with which his Majefty was acquainted ;
that/the country was full of large popu%as ci-
ties$£[notwithftanding which provifions were fo
plentiful^tthat for a piece of a certain yellow
metayiibeTahat of which he had feen many
[meaning the medals given by the Captain*.ta
the Eareesfpthe great king  could purchafe as
much provifions as would maintain a failor on
board a (hip a whole yeaf*; that in the country
of the great king, there are more than 100
different kinds of four footed animals, from the
fize of the^imalleft rat when it is fird brought;
forth, to the magnitfade of a ftage erected on an
ordinary canoe,! on whietevfix men may ftand
erect; that all thefe Tatfiirrals^are foiiumerous
in thettJ fevbral fcindsy: a ndn spi-opagate fddfaft^
that^weWid^ot that fome  were idlrexs^fon
food, and that others prey one upon thefiothej(*4
tjhey woulUr over^Tun t&e  land.;, ^Qmai-gr hav-[
ing by this relation obviated kingOttoo's doubts,,
adverted to.*bhts. firft queftaOns.    Hefjfeid, the:
(hips of war of Pretanne were furni(bed with
poo-poos [guns] each of which would receive
the largeft poo-poo his Majefty had yet feen,
within it; that fome carried 200 and more of
thofe poo-poos, with fuitable accommodations for
a thoufand fighting men, and ftowage for all fur$#
*i W of wn-Ji.iamw.iiua
CAPuriQCaOiK's  Voy*oj-^>   141
of cordage and warlike ftores, befides provifions
and water for the men and other animals, for
100 or 200 days*; and that theyfwerje fc^tjt&S
abroad as long warring with the enemies of the
greatjfcjng.ip the different parts of hisjdomi-
nions in the remoteft regions of the earth ; that,
they fre^nnfly carried;with|Jtheni in thefe expeditions poo-poos, that would hold a imall
l*iOg withi**kthem,and which throw hollow globes
of iron, of a vaft bignefs, filled with fire and
all^manner of combuftibles, and implements
of deftruction, to a great diftance; a few of
which,  were they to be thrown among the
fleet of Otaheite, would fet them on fire, and
deftroythe whole navy, were they ever fo numerous.   The king feemetjLmore aftonifhed than
delighted with this narration,   and fuddenly
leftOmai,to join the company that were incon-
verfatioo with Capt. Cook and the other officers.   By this time dinner was nearly ready,
and as^pon as the company were properly feated,
Was brought in by as many tow-tows as there
were perfpns to dine;  befides thefe, the king,
the two commanders, and Omai, Had each of
them two^perfons of fuperior rank( to attend
them.   The dinner confided of fifh and fowl
of various kinds, dreffed after their manner;
barbicued pigs, ftewed yams, and fruits of the
nfipfl delicious flavour, all ferved with an eafe
and regularity that is feldom to be found at
N 3 European
1 jiii
Muj 142     Capt.  GOOK's  Voyacit;
European tables, when the ladies are excluded
from making part of the company.
As foon as dinner was over, which admits of
HO ceremottjr, *ge were conducted to the theatre,
wherdia company of p&tyets were in readlnefs
to perform a dramatical entertainment.    The
drama was regularly divided into three acts:
the firft confifted of cfkncing and dumb fhew j
the fecond of comedy; which to thofe who
underftood the language was very favr^iabfe, as
Omai .and the natives appeared highly diverted
the whole time; the laft was a mufical piece,
in which the young princefles were the folc
performers.   There were between the act&ibme
feats of arms exhibited.    The coiktbatants were
armed with lances autf clubs.   One made tho
attack,!th6 other flood' upon the cfefenfive*
He who made the attack brandifhed hid lance,
and either threw, pufhed or ufed it in aidf of
his club.   He who was upon the defenfive, duck
the point of his lance in the ground, in an oblique direction, fo that the upper part rofe above
his head, and by obfervirig the eye of his enemy, parried his blows or his ffookes by the
motion of his lance.   By his dexterity at this j
manoeuvre he turned afide the lance, and it was
rare that he was hurt by the club.    If bis anta-
gonift ftruck at his legs, he (hewed his agility
by jumping over the club; and if at his head,
he was no lefs nimble fk crouching under it;
Their dexterity confifi^oMhiefly in the defence,
iM CABTnr   C 0# 55S ^Vo-fcAGE}       £4|
etherwi-fe the combat raighfii have been fittal,
which always ended hi good humour.
Thefe entertainments, which generally lad
aboud four hours, are really diverting:; their
dancing has been much improved by copying
the European manner. In the hornpipe they
really excel their mafters: they add contortions
of the face*and mufcfes to the nimblenefs of
the foot, that are inimitable, and muil, in fpite
of our gravity^ provoke laughter; their country daoces too are wcH -regulated t andtfeeyf
have dances of their own, that are equal to
thofe at oar bed theatres *< their comedy feems
to confift of fonse Ample ftory, made laughable
by the manner of delivery, fomething in the
ftyle of thefinerry andrews formerly at Bartholomew faifjaand their fisging b very fimple,,
and might be much improved. Had Omai
been of a theatrical eaft, he doubtlefs might}
have very much improved their ftage; for their
performers appear inferior to none in the powers
of imitation.
The play being over, and night approaching,
our commanders took their leave, after inviting
the king and his attendants to dine on board the
(hips. We were conducted to the water* fide
in the fame manner as we approached the pa~
lace, and were attended by the king and royal
On the 25th in the morning, Omar's mother,
and feveral of his  relations, arrived.   Their
*£*£■. I
144     CaP#>   CGf frit's ^ovAdP.        :M
meeting was tooiunnatural to be|Weafingl We-
could not fee a woman frantically fir iking her
face and arms with (harks teeth, tiB fhe was
all over befmeared with blood, without being
hurt; as it conveyed no idea of joy to feeling
minds, we could never be reconciled to this*
abfurd cuftom. She brought with her feveral
large hogs, with bread-fruit, bananos, and o-
ther productions of the Ifland of Ulitea, as
prefents to the Captains, and (he and her friends
received in retutti, a great variety of outleryv
fuch as knives, fciflars, files, &C. befides fome
red feathers, which • laft were even more acceptable than iron. They continued to vifit the
fhip occafionally till (he quitted the ifland.
-pjl^the afternoon King Ottoo, with his chiefs
and attendants, and two young princefles hid.
fifteisjperformers in the^merludeofctti^receding
night, came on board, bringing with them fix
large hogs^jSwith a proporQona&le quantity of
fcatesof various kinds. Theyiwere entertsniied
as ufual, with a fight of all the curiofities on
board the (hips, and the young pfkfceflesy longing for almoft everfi irfing ibey faw, were gratified totheir utmoft wifhes, with bracelets of beaded
looking-glafTes, bits of china, artificial nofegays,
and a variety of other trinkets, of which, they
had one of a fort each, while afbthe-fame time
the king and his chiefs amufed themfelves witfe
the carpenters, armourers and other; artificers,
employed in the; repairs of theiihip^ cafting
longing CAp^ite o«c^®sOX5)YAei*i^ 145
longing eyes on the tools and implements, with
-#&ctHhey perfotfhe&iifcr wo¥te$ i&trife marP
Her they pafjt the ttime till dinu^t*Pwas2teadyp
King Ottoo, with  his chiefs, dined -with  the
Ca^riie^*tli»f%r«toipal  officers,   and Omai
hfthe great cabin, tyhWe the laflfes were feaHed
^Ar-an apa%nentNeparated on purpofe^and wait**
foupon by their ow#fervant*f&  Dwingiinnel^
ike mufic,  parrilteiiarly the bag-pipes,   with1
which the Indians feemed moft delighted, cdflD
tfoued'to play,#and the young ladles wfi&wetfg
wifuhin   heating,  though out  of fight, could
fcardly refrain from dancing the whole time.
After-dinner the king and h§*nobles were prdP?
fed fo drlnfiowiftlf^olait Slloft of thenrifevtfl^
feWtibpower before, declined tarring it; one or
two drank a glafs, but refdfed -M drink an$
moreafi When the-tables were cleared, the1 f$3
ifes, joined the company, and then horn-pipes
a»d country dances after the Eriglifh manrflM
commenced, in which the young ladies joined
with great goodblftflour. Sonie'Javial fong-jfSfci
ceeded, and ourjindian v*fitOrs took leave ffl
(he evening in great good humour.
fiitWhat contributed not ftlittle^o increafe^?
pleafureof the king, was a prefent made him
by Capt. Coc*k£of a iarge quirufcy of the choi-3
ceft red feathers that could be purchafed itf
the iflands of Amfterdam*    Red  feathers, a^
hasf*abeady been  obferved, are held  in  !$?
fcighefi! eftimatidnl'in Otahefofe, and in all the
focietv 146    Capt* f^OOK^-JO^Y age.'
fociety iflands, but more particularly bf the
chiefs of the former ifland, by whom they: are
ufed as amulets, or rather as propitiations
to make their prayers acceptable to the good
fpirit whom they invoke with tufts of thofe feathers in their hands, made up in a peculiar man*
ner, and held in a certain pofition with muck
feeming folemnity. The ordinary fotts of red
feathers were collected by officers and men all
oyer the Friendly Iflands; but thofe that were
now prefented to king Ottoo were of a fupe-
rior kind, and were in value as much above-
the ordinary red feathers, as real pearls are in
value above French pafte. They were taken
from the heads of the paroquets of Tonga taboo and Ea-6o whe, which are of fuperlative
beauty, and precious in proportion to their
finenefs and the vivid glow of their dazzling
colours. Here we learnt that Capt. Cook, m
his former voyage, being in great diftrefs for.
want of frefh provifions, and being plentifully
fupplied by king Ottoo, promifed that if he
ever fliould return to Otaheite, he would make
him richer in ouravine (precious feathers)
than all the princesr in the neighbouring, ifles.
This gave rife to an opinion, that it was co fulfil this promife that we were led lb far out ot
our way as has been already remarked. But
there is much more reafon to conclude, that:
the ftrong eafterly winds that prevailed when
we approached the fouthern tropic made our
direct Capt. <EOOK's  Voyao^}   147
direct courfe to Otaheite impracticable. Had
Capt. Cook regarded his promife to Ottoo as
inviolable, he would moft certainly have fhaped
his courfe from New Zealand to the Friendly
Iflands the neareft way, which, would have
(hortened our voyage feveral months; unlefs
we can (oppofe that he had forgotten his promife, and that when he came within a few days
fail of his deftined port, he recollected himfelf,
and then changed his direction, to enable him to
keep his word. To which of thefe caufes it
was owing, fome future publications may pro*
bably give light; but to us who were not in
the fecret, it appeared a myftery. We were
advanced fome degrees to the eaft ward of Her-
vey's Ifles, which lie in 19 deg. 18 min. S. lat.
and 2*ofc E. long, before we altered our courfe
to the weftward to make for Amfterdam, which
lies in a 1 deg. 15 min. S. and 185 deg. E. long,
whereas the ifland of Ulitea, of which Omai
was a native, lay in lat. 16 deg. 45 mim and
long. 20S deg. 2$ min. E. Why our courle
to the former was preferred before the latter,
involves the.myftery.
Though allppblic trade wasprohyb$ed,aswas
ufual, all the (hips fhould be furnifhed with frefh
piovifions; it was not ealy to refttain the men
on fhore from trading with the worner^ who
were for ever enticing them to defert^j The
ladies of pleafure in London have not half the
winning ways that are practifed by the Otahei-
»\ Capt.   COOK's   Voyage?
tean miffes to allure their gallanti. With the
feemflng -mnocence of doves they mingle the
wilynefe of ferpents. They have however one
quality wbkfh is peculiar to Qiemfefres, add that
is conftancy. When once they have made their
choice, it mud be owing to tl|e fail©*f*feimfelf if
bis miftrefs ever proves falfe to him.^-No women upon earth are more faithful. i^Tiiey
will endeavour to mfike themfelves miftrefles
of att^lieir lovers pofTeft^ but they will fuffer
B0J one elfe to invade their pjrdpe^y, nor vtfflt
they embezzle any part of it themfelves without
having firft obtained con fen t; but that con fent
is not eafily wjtheld; for they are inceflant in
their importunities, and will never ceafe afking
while the failof has a rag or a nail to beftow.
During our four months (lay at this and the
neighbouring iflands, there was hardly a failor
on board that had not made a very near connection with one or other of the women of this
ifland; nor indeed many officers that were proof
againft the allurements of the better fort, who
were no lefs amorous and artful, though more
referved, than thofe of the inferior order.
The temperature of the climate, the plenty
©f: frefh provifions, fifh, fowl, pork, bread-
fruity yams, (a kind of fweet potatoes, which
they have the art of dewing with their pork in
a very favoury manner) added to the moft delicious fruits of the ifland, contributed not a little
to make our ftay here not only tolerable, but
IH even Capt.  COOK'S   Voyage?     149
even definable 5 nor did idlenefs get pofieffion.
even ofnhofe who were moft indolently inclined.
We had not a vacant hour between bofiriefs and
pleafure that was unemployed.   We wanted no
coffee-houfes to kill time-, nor Ranelaghs or
Vauxhalls for our evening entertainments.   E-
very nightly affembly >in the plantations of tins
happy ifle is fornifheif*fc$t beneficent natjtewkh
a more luxurious feaft than all the dainties of
the moft fumptuous champetre, though la-
viihed with unlimited profufion,   and emblazoned with the moft expenfive decorations of
art. Ten thoufand lam|^, combed apd ranged
81 the moft advantageouiMirder^y the hands of
the belt artift, appear faint, when cojnpatftd with
the brilliant flars of heaven tfe^at unite their
fplendor to illuminate the groves, the lawns,.
the ftreams of Oparree.    In thefe eBJian fielq*$
immortality alone is wanting to the enjoyment
of all thofe pleafures which the poet's fancy has
conferred on the (bades of departed.ffteroes as
the$$gheft rewards of heroib^artne.^
But amidft fo many delights it was-jnot for
human nature to fubfift long without fatiety.
Our feamen be^n^to be licentious, and our offi-
cers to be punctilious.1 Several of theifcfcmer
werefeverely puniifced for indecency in furpaffing
the vice of the natives by their fhamekfs manner of indulging-their fenfual < appetites; and
two of the latter went alhore to termiila*ce an
affair of honour by the decifion of their piftols
It 15Q    Qapt.  C Q Q/£j ^^oYAGr.)
It happened that neither of them were dextrous
markfmen ; they vented their rage by the fury
with.which they began >tfche attack, and after
difcharging three balls each, they returned on
board without any hurt except fpoiling a har,
a ball having pierced it, and grazed upon the
head of him who wore it. It was however remarked, that thefe gentlemen were better friends
than ever during die remaining pact of the
While thefe thwigs went on by way of amufe-
lnfent to fome, others were move ufefuily jem*
ployed iri%he repairs of**tt*e (hip. fThe rnaft
that was fhattered in the head, and carried afhore
to be Repaired, was in a Hiort time rendepdi
more firm than ever; the fails that had been
fpflit, and were other wife rendered unSt!%for
furtheP^rvice, were peplaqtM: the cordage
carefully examined, the mafts new rigged, and
in fhort the whole repairs completed mm more
celerity and ftrength than could have been ex*
pected in a place where many con venifcndejs wejk
wanting to fit us out fbprthat part ofi-mur /voyage wbioh -fl^ ^emainedite ibe pet^brmed.
Forthis purpofe repairs were not more ne*
ceflfary for ourequipnSent than prsgrifions. The
purveyors, therefore, and butchers were-locef-
fantly employed tin purchafihg and killing hogs
for prefeat ufe, and the falters in ialring the
overplus ibr fbture ftores, while the Captains
and §5*riiff officers were deviling new amufe*
llf rnents Capt* COOK'u   Voyage^     i$i
ments to keep the king and his chiefs in good
humour, in order to encourage their people to
furnifh us with ample fupplies.
koNot a day palled but fome, new iejdnbition
was contrived for their entertainment. Omai,
of whom little ufe<had yet been rnadey contributed -his (hare to vary the fcenes of pleafure.
He one day rode out on horfeback, in bis armour, brandifhing ibis glittering fword, to the
terror and amazement of the gaping multitude.
Another day he diverted them with playing oft1
fire-works, under the direction of the chief engineer. He was here made a principal in all
public (hews, and was placed upon a footing
with king Ottoo himfelf. j In a naval review,
which was exhibited by TOwha, the great admiral, Omai had the command of one divifion
of the fleet, while king Ottoo commanded a-
nother divifion, and Towha the centre. The
great dexterity appeared in their arrangements
to land, where the military exercifes were chiefly
carried on; one party endeavouring to fupplant
the other, in order to get pofieffion of the moft
advantageous ground^ In thefe manoeuvres,?
Omai acquitted himfelf with tolerable applaufe,
being well fupported in all bis^oxenones by
Capt. Cook, who played him oft1« a4 prodigy
df genius, in honour of Pretanne, .where, it
Was given out, his talents had been much improved.
. Mfc
1&2      Cap*? COO WN -VctMeE.
If)uring ou* rfbay,  thereg#a£ ttlfcufriou r 6f- W£&$
tual war, and the forces of the ifland, both by
fea and land, were called fofllh in earnefl, to-
be inijreadiroefs: toriismb^rk oft the firft notice.
AH trade .wasiifflirw flopped; no cocoa nu*0S2tov
be had? the rmlfciafi which Waitehe only*|iquo'V>
except w*ater, whieb thc?&ip*sia§rf)pany -were
allowed to drink^ and the  weitfher being ex--
ceffivchot, there was great m^tiibfeiiigiaiiriong
the men both on board and on fhore. bCaptain
(Book was under the ntcefli% self'interceding
with ^ing Ottoo to^tenew * t?rade;   Whether!
peace was map!e, clr only a truce for a**fhojf*g
time, is not certain, but in a few days the war-r
riors difperfed^and every thingewent on again*
after the ufual manner. ft|| i&Mi
On the above romouKpit wa&ucompurjecjUMt
near 300 waroanoes were mufter«d,i».Matfi*jv^i
bay, with flages on each, on which fit from
three to fix chiefs in their warlike drefles, which
feemed calculated rather for (hew than ufe in
battle. A0n their heads were large turbaab
wound round in many<*fbldsj, and ayeTj-lhat a
qaonftmus helmet; and on their bodies, inftead,
of the light airy drefs worn in common, they
were incumbered by many garments of thejj|
own cloth, which added indeed to their ftature,
but which muft difable them to exert jcjaei**,
ftrength: in the day of battle. Men of ferule
imagination, fond of tracing the analogy of
antient cuftoms, among the different nations
i m of Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.       i$%
of the world, might poflibly difcover fome fi-
milarity between thefe cumbrous drefTes, and
thofe of the knights of antient chivalry, who
fought in armour. It is certain that the Ota-
heitean who fights on foot muft feel the fame
encumbrance from his heavy war-drefs, as the
antient knight, who fought on horfeback, muft
have done from^his unweildy armour; and
there is no doubt but the former will, one
time or other, be laid afide in the Jtropical ifles,
as much as the latter is now in every other part
of the world.
Before we left Mattavai* Oedidee, whq made
the voyage to the fouthward with Capt, Cook,
in his former voyage for the difcovery of a
fouthern continent, came to pay his cefpects to
his patron and friend. He brought with him a
wife whom he had lately married, which discredits, the notion that was univerfally believed
by former voyagers, that thofe who belonged
tojhe fociety of Areoys were fworn to celibacy.
Either this man was an impoftor or the fact ju^*
mentioned cannot be true. He appeared in a
rich Englifh drefs, which had been fent him
as a prefent from England, perhaps from the
Admiralty. Hg was joyfully received by Capt.
Cook, and had much refpect paid him.wSoon
after his arrival, fire-works of a new device were
played off, before many thoufands of the; natives; but it was eafy to remark, that they were
not all equajjy delighted with the exhibition.
O The
\\u\ Capt.   COOK's   Voyaqe;
The common people were thrown into thet;
utmoft confteroatioa at -^be fborm of thunder
and lightening,which almoft inftantly fucceeded.
Nor were they ever perfectly reconciled to us
afterwards. They thought it prefumption in
us to provoke the Etwas, by imitating their
powers; and many of them retired to the
woods, and never returned again to their houfes;
during our (lay.
Whether they really wifhed us to be gone,
or dreaded our (lay, an alarm was foon after
fpread, that four European (hips were arrived
at Oaite Piha; that they had landed fome men
there, and were taking in refrefhments to enable them to proceed. This report was every
where circulated; and whether Capt. Cook
believed it, or only made it a pretence to quicken
our activity, he gave inftant orders to clear the
decks, mount the guns, which lay as it were
buried in the hold, and to get every thing^ ia
readinefs for action. In the mean time he fent
Mr. Williamfon, 3d. Lieutenant, in the great
cutter, manned and armed, to learn the truth
of the report, by looking into the harbour of
Oaite Piha, to fee if any foreign (hips were at
anchor there, or whether the whole rumour was
a fiction. That "gentleman executed his com-
million with great celerity ; and in Kjttle more
than two days, twice doubled Point Venus, failed more than 300 miles, made the harbour he.
Was fent. to examine, and brought word that the?'
only Capt.  COOK'S  Voyage.     155
only grounds for the report were, that four
large trading canoes from an adjacent ifle, had
been there a few days before his arrival, but
that they failed again immediately, having been
totally difapporated of a market.
Though we were now relieved from the ap-
prehenfions of an attack, we were not fuffered
to relax in our prer^t-adons to depart. Wood
and water had already been taken on board,
and as much provifions as could be procured,
and little remained to be done, except to reim-
bark our five-flock, to ftrike the tents, and
bring off «he baggage of me officers and men
who had been ftationed on fhore. Notice was
therefore given to king Ottoo, of our intentions
to fail with the firft fair wind. He feemed to
exprefs great concern at our fudden refolution,
and came on board* attended with Towha, hfe
great admiral, and She principal officers of bSs*
court, who all brought with them prefents of
hogs and frujt, the only valuable productions
of the ifland, except wood and water to European voyagers, and received in return axes,
Jsatchets, fpike-nails, and cutlery ware, &e¥
which were referved ro the laft, in order to
encourage the chiefs to ufe their utmoft endeavours with their people, to bring in their hogs
while it ^as yet m our power to receive them.
2fo people on earth could exprefs their gratitude with more fceming fincerity, than the
king and his chiefs for the prefents m% had
O % received \ 156       Capt.   COO K'a   Voyage;
received jyjpr were our commanders and ofH&$
cem:wanting in fuitable returns.
;Qg|the 28thj having*now been juft 40 da*f$f
on the ifland, king Ottoo came on board, to
^invite our commanders with their officers to
Oparree, as he underftood it was .to be the lafl
time that he fhould have the opportunity*^!^
paying us his acknowledgements on fhore.
On the 2athj the pinnaces were ordered outfjf*
and we proceededlto Oparree, in the fame ftato»
as on our jfirftjgfi&c.' At the landings-place we .
weje re|eiyed withiiajcommoh marks of friends*!
ftip^j Every chief in that part of the iflandB
of which Ottoo was the Earee-da-hai or Lord
paramount, to the number of 500 and more,
attended, and conducted us to the king's houfe
or palace,  where a fumptuous  banquet was
provided, and after dinner a more numerous
and brilliant company of performers aflembled
at the theatre for our entertainment, than we j
Had ever feen on any flage in the tropical iflandsy
before. .§M ||| Sj
The^re is a famenefs in their dram a,-j^hat:
admits of little or^ no -variation, as  peibaps.
tc||*foreigners, who are unacquainted with: trjej*
language and manners of a country, there may-
appear to be in every flage-exhibition, wherever
performed.   Be that as it may.   The dreffes
on this occafion were entirely new, and by far
more fhowy than formerly;   the number of,
dancers wei^ increafed ; ten young ladies com-
:■frp pofed'
BJLPMJJiJ   Capt. COOK's Voyage. 157
pofed the "firft group, with their beads moft
magnificently ornamented with beads, red fea-
thers, fhells of the moft beautiful colours, and
wreathed with flowers in fo elegant a flyle, as
hardly to be excelled; had their mufic been
equal to their performance, this part of the exhibition would have been compleat.
A party of warriors were next introduced,
drefTed in their war-habits, confiding, as has already been obferved, of different coloured cloth,
of their own manufacture, fo ingenioufly fa-
(hioned and blended together with fo much art,
as, with the helmets that cover their heads, to
fill the flage with men, of whofe majeftic figure
it is not eafy to convey an idea. Thefe were
armed with fpears, lances, and battle-axes, and
exhibited all the forms of attack and defence
which are practiced in real action. The principal performers were the king's brother and a
chief of gigantic ftature, who difplayed fuch
wonderful grimaces and diftortions of face and
countenance, by way of provocation and challenge, as were not only laughable in fome attitudes, but terrible in others. After thefe disappeared, the players were brought forward, and
performed a more ferious piece than we had yet
feen, at which the natives fat graver and more
compofed than ufual. And the whole performance concluded with a dance of ten boys, dreft
in every refpect like the girls in the firft fcene,
with their hair flowing in ringlets down their
O 3 fhoulders*
'/ jy-aj   Capt.'  COOK's  Voyage;
(boulders, and their heads ornamented in a very
theatrical ftyle.
When the play was over we returned to our
boats, attended by the whole aflembly, who
accompanied us to the water-fide, where the
king took a moft affectionate leave.
On the 29th Capt. Cook ordered all the women
to be put on (hore,which was a tafk not eafily effected, moft of them being very loth to departs
nor was it of much confequence, as they found
means afterwards to follow us to Hueheine,
Ulitea, and the other fociety ifles; nor did they
leave us till our final departure on our northern
difcoveries, never more to return.
Several of the failors being very defirqus to
flay  at Otaheite, king Ottoo interefted himfelf in their behalf, and endeavoured to prevail
on^Capt. Cook to grant their requeft; but he
peremptorily rejected every application of that
kind though often repeated ; nor would he fuf-
fer any of the natives to enter on board though
many would gladly have accompanied us wherer
ever we intended to fail, and that too after they
were aflured that we never intended to vifit their
country any more.   Some of the women too
would have followed their Fhoonoas, or Pretanne
hufbands, could they have been permitted % but
Capt. Cook was equally averle to the taking
any of the natives away, as to the leaving any
of his own people behind.   He was fenfible,
that when once cloyed with enjoyment, they
.JMW-LM'     - Capt.   COOK's Voyage.      159
would reciprocally pine for home, to whkh it
would not be in their power to return; and
that for a Utile prefent gratification, they would
*SS}ue the happinefs of the remaining part of
their lives*
King (Jttoo, when he found he could not dh*
tain his wifhes, in this refpect, applied to Capt.
Cook for another favour, which was, to allow
his carpenters to make him a cheft, or prefs,
to fecure the treafures he had accumulated in
prefents, and by way of traffic, from the European voyagers. He even begged a bed to be
placed in it, where he intended to fleep. This
Capt. Cook readily granted, and while the
workmen were employed in this fervice they
were pfenrifully fupplied with barbicued hogs,
and fuch dainties as the country afiorded, and
were fo carefufty attended and protected, that
they did not lofe fo much as a fingle nail. It
was fome of thefe workmen that Ottoo was fo
defirous to retain ; but thefe were of too much
confequenee on board to be parted with, had
there been no other motive for bringing them
away; nor was Ottoo much concerned about
the departure of the reft.
While the carpenters were bulled in making
this uncommon piece of furniture, king Ottoo
was conftant in attending their operations, and
Omai had frequent; conferences with him on the
fubject of his travels.   He aftonifhed him more
• w8w*   o4 W M -.     bY
*m 160      Capt.   COOK's  Voyage^
by the relation he gave of the magnificence o
the Morais in Pretanne, than by all the wonders he had before furprized him.    When he
told him that the king's morai was open to all
comers, and that the perfons of the deceafed
kings were to be feen as perfect to appearance
as when in the vigour of -jputh, he feemed to
lament that his date of exiftence was to be limited with his life; and that his remains were
to perifh, while his Morai preferved no memory, that he had ever had a being.    Omai endeavoured to imprefs him with an idea of the
magnificence of the tombs and memorials of
the dead that were to be feen in the Morais of
Pretanne ; but having nothing to compare them
to, he was unable to make himfelf fufficiently
underftood ; nor was he more fuccefsful in describing the folemn grandeur of the places of
worfhip where the people aflembled every fe-
venth day and at other dated times, to offer
up their prayers1 to the good fpirit.   Of the
iplendour of the theatres he could fpeak more
intelligibly, as fome faint idea of them might
be gathered from what had been exhibited on
board the fhips, and in the illuminations and
fire-works played off on fhore.    When Omai
told him of the magnitude of the palaces and
houfes in Pretanne, of their decorations and
furniture;  of the extent of their plantations,
and   the multitude  of   living   animals   with
which they were ftored, he liftened to him with
particular Cabt:  COOK's  Voyage.   I
particular attention, as not doubting the t?6th
of his relation; but when he began to defcribe
the roads and the rapidity with which the people
travelled in carriages drawn by four footed animals, no child could ever exprefs greater fur-
prize at Gulliver's travelling to th&world of
the moon on ganzas, than Ottoo,, when Omai
alluredchim, they could traverfe an extent of
ground equal to the whole length of the ifland
of Otaheite, in a (ingle day.
The king, as appeared by his generofity to
Omai, was highly entertained by-the ftory of
his travels; for when he went to take leave, his
majefty prefented him with a double canoe, properly equipped ajnd manned, in the room of
that which he purchafed at New Zealand.
Every preparation for faijng feeing^already
compleated, the live flock all on board except
two cows and a bull, two ewes and a ram, two
fhe-eoats and two geefe, which were left as
prefents to king Ottoo,
On the 29th both fhips were under fail, di-
■recting their courfe to the weftward to Emoa
and Hueheine, accompanied by Omai in his
Otaheitean veffe!, with his two New Zealand
youths on board, who difcovered no uneafinefs
at their prefent fituation, nor any defire to return home.
The ifland of Otaheite has already been fo
often and fo accurately defciibed, and the manners, cuftoms, and ways of living of the inhabitants, '£$*. Capt.- COOK's Voyags;
bitants, fo amply enlarged upon by former *f*oy-
agers, that little remains ta.jbe added. The
writer was attentive only to two fact?, one of
which he found reafon to believe had been mifr
reprefented, and the other very unfairly related 5
the firft jfefpects the fociety otAirreoys, competed,
as it was faid, of a certain number of men and
women, aflbciated in leudnefs, and fo abandoned
to all fenfe of humanity, as to deftronpthe iflue
of their libidinous intercourfe ; than whkh nothing could be more injurious to the characters
of any people than this diabolical practice af-
cribed to this fociety.
There are in this and the adjoining iflands
perfons of a middle rank between the Mana-
hounas or Yeomen and the Earees, who having
ao concerji in the government, nor a$y diftinct
property in tfre iflands-, aflbciate toother for
their own amufement, and the entertainment of
the pubft&f' Thefe travel from place to place,
and from ifland to ifland in companies, not wKk
like thofe of the ftrolling players in England,
only that they perform without pay; but that
they cohabit indifcriminately one- with another,
fo many men with fo many women in common,
is no otherwife true, than the fame may be fuf-
pected among the ftrolling companies juft mentioned $ nor are they under any other reftraints
from marrying, than that the fociety admits of
no marriages among themfelves, nor of any
married people to be of their fociety, it being
a rule Capt. COOK's Voyage. i6j
a rule with them, never to be encumbered with
children; if therefore it (hould happen, that
iflue fhould provj?-the confequesee of acafual
amour, there is rig alternative *, the mother muft
either quit the fockty, or fomehow or other
difpofe of her child, which fome of them do
there, as many unfortunate girls do here, byfe-
cretly making away wrua them to avoid infisfey,
it being equally difgraceful there to be famd
with child while members of the focietv'of
Arreoys, as it is for women here to be fo found
without hufbandjfet
The other fact, whkh the writer took pains
to determine, was, whether the beaftly cofeorn
imputed to them, of gratifying their paflk>*>s-
withoiit regard to places or perfons, was weff
founded? and he fblemnly declares, that the
grofieft indecencies he ever faw practiced while
on the ifland were by the licentioofflefe of our
own people, who, without regard to character,
made no feruple to attempt openly a*$d by force
what they were unable to effect with the free
voluntary confent of the objects of their defire;
for which feveral of them were feverefypunShed.
To affert, therefore, that not the leaft trace of
fhame is- to be found among thefe people in-
doing that openly which all other people are
naturally induced to hide, is an injurious ca*
lunrmy, not warranted by cuftom, nor fupport-
ed by the general practice even of the lowcft
elafs of individuals among them.
mmi i6V    Capt*   COOKV Voyage:
Thefe people have one cuftonr#in common
with the Neapolitans and Maltefe, which ought
not to be forgotten, and that is, their fifhing
in the night and repofing themfelves in the day ;
like them too, they burn torches while they fifh,
which they make of the oil drawn from the
cocoa-nut. gp
On the 29th we continued our courfe the
whole'day, under double-reefed top-fails ; and
in the evening came in fight of the little ifland
of Emoa, where we anchored next day in a fafe
harbour, and were received by the people with
every appearance of hofpitality.
On the 30th, our live-flock was landed, our
Carpenters fent out to cut wood, and our purveyors to collect hogs. Here we found Omai,
who had out-failed us in his double-mafted canoe,
and who, on his arrival, had been diverting
the natives with his feats^of arms, and had
raifed their cutiofity to a very high degree, by
acquainting1 them with our intention of paying them a vifit, as no European fhip had
ever anchored at their ifland before. The-
chiefs of the ifland came on board, with large:
hogs by way of prefents; and were prefented,
in return, with axes, hatchets, looking-glafFes,
and red feathers : our purveyors were likewife
much gratified, by the fuccefs they met with
in marketing ; purchafing the largeft hogs for
the rr.eereft trifles; as for inftance, a hog of 200
^| weight   Capt.   COOK's  Voyage.      165
weight for twelve red feathers, and fo in pro?
But this friendly intercourfe was foon changed to a fcene of desolation that 90 injury we
could receive from the pilfering difpofition of
the inhabitautsxbuld juftify. The people ha4
brought us every thing their ifland afforded,
and had left it to the generofity*of the par-
chafers1 to give, in return, whatever they pleaf-
ed; but unfortunately
On the 2d of October, a goat was miffing
from the live-flock. J5It had been fecretly conveyed away in the nijght, from the paftures
on which they were placed to feed, notwitiS
(landing the vigilance of the guard appointed
to look after them. With the lofs of this animal, which no doubt was looked upon as a
prize to the thief, the Earee of the ifland was
made acquainted by Capt. Cook, arid a pre-
remptory requifition made to have it reftoreo§
on pain of having his country laid wafle, his
Shipping deftroyed, and himfelf perfonally pu-
nifhed for the crime^of hi^f fubject. Thev king
promifed his afiiftarfce, and required! time for
enquiry, but as foon as he was at liberty fig?
abfconded, and was no more feen; and trfe
goat being flill mining, and no means ufecf
for recovering and reftoring it, a party from
both fhips, with the marines in a body, were
ordered out, to caur-y.the threats of our commander into execution.   For three days fuc-
ceffively 166       Capt.   COOK's   VoYA^f.'
cefiively   they   continued   their  devaftation^
burning and deftroying above 200 of the^iefl:
houfes of the inhabitants* and as manjrof their
large war canoes; at the fame time cutfing
down their fruit-trees, and deftroying their plantations.    *fhe natives who lived at a diftance*
hearing of the havock that was made near the
bay, filled their canoes with ftones and funk
them, in hopes of preferving them, but that
availed.them nothing.    The Captain ^ordered
boats to be manned and armed, the canoes that
were funk tor be weighed u§*> and deffooyed 5
and in fhort, a general defolation to be carried through the whole ifland, if the goat fhould
be dill witheld.    Add to this, that two young
natives of quality, being found on board our
(hip, were made prifoners, and told they were
to be put to death, if t&e goat fhould not be
reftored within a certgjn time.   The youths
protefted their own innocence, and difelaimed
all knowledge of the guilty perfons ; notwith-
flanding which, evesry preparation  was apparently made for putting them both to death*
Large ropes were carried upon the main deck,
and made fad fore and aft; axes, chains, and
Inftruments of torture were placed  upon the
quarter deck in the fight of the young men,
whofe terrors were increafed by the information
of Omai, who gave them to underftand that,
by  all thefe fekrt-nn preparations, their doom
wot Capt. COOK's   Voyage.     i6*7
was finatty' determined.   Under thefe appre-
henfions, the poor youths remained till
On&eoth, when about three in the after-
neon a body of between 50 atld 60 natives, were
feen from the (hip haftening to the harbour,
who, when f*fiey came near, held up the goat
m their arms, in raptures* 1that they n|d found
% and that it was flill alivd.
The joy of the imprffbned young men is not
to be expreffbd; and when they were releafed,
inftead of (hewing any figns of refentment, they
were ready to fall down and worfhip their deliverers.   It can fcarce be credited, when the devaluation ceafed, how foon the injury they had
fuffered was forgotten,  and provifions again
brought to market, as if no violences had ever
been committed by us; only the Earee of the
iffitnd never made Ms appearance.
^Mfthis while mtSftitudes'bf the inhabitants ox
Otaheite, who had ftolen off in the night in
their canoes (moftfy women) were wftnefles of
die feverity with wftith this theft was punifhed
at Emoa-V but irfemeffmmakeno^unrayovira-
ble impreffion upon them. They condnfued their
good offices as long asWe remained in the Sol
ieiety ifles.
Having j$ocured a large'euanuty or wooct
Of which Otaheitie'furnifhed but a fcanty fup-
1p^ and4mfewife a number of hogs for prefent
^jfe and future m$te^¥
'Mm 168     Capt,   COOK's   Voyage:     ~
On the 12th inighe morning we prepared to
fail, and before noon were out at fea with a fine
breeze, directing our cqurfe to .Huehj§ine, to
which Ifland Omai had pr^yioufly fetjlgil before^ lis.
In the night the weather being hazy, Omai
loft fight af^ihe (hips, and fired his gun, which
was'anfwered by the Refolution, Dfring the
afternoon the breeze left us, and a dead calrnt*en-
Ifutpg, made our Otaheftean paffengers immoderately fick by the working of tte^lhip.^^licgr
then began to repent thjeir folly in following
tje fugitives whom |hey had no hopes of
ever reclaiming, and to wjfh themfeives fafc
home again tmjhe (hore&of Mattavai.
On tr^l^th in the morning we came in fight
of Hueheine, and about. rn$ofcjWere clofe  in
with the land, when the*Jjatkes came in-multitudes, with hogs and provifions of all kifids,
as prefents to their friends.    Omai, who ha4
fdready reachecjthe fhore, and hauled his vefie£|
upon the beach*, was entfitcled by the natives,
who crouded about him,jjbaie t*f| gratify their
curiofity, andjjtjiers to exprefs their joy at his-
return.    In lek.than half anjpour King Oreo
was feen to go aboard the Refolution.   He had
with him two large hogs, ap prefents to Capt.
Cook, with fome bread-fruit ready roafted, an4j^
large quantity off Jpanknoes, plantains and other
fruit.  Capt. Cook received him with open arrnj*^ J
cpquiring particularly after the good old venerable
■aK~***Mi Cabt.v C O O a? s   Voyage.      $9
rable King Oi^-J^wl-u^ thfe
moft pejfec%|^n^ip^c^d being tolMe was
dead, he.^ulcLnoths^^
were foon after favoured withr^a vi^t from Qjeb^
who made a like prefent to^Qajjit. C||r%i4%^
Reived in return a breafkojfltg-pf rQiM^^Jf^
ys$h which he feemed bitter pleafed, than wj|o
any that, had before beei^|ayen him,
As foon as he returned on fhore,, hejy^uej^ltit
orders, requiring all his people to behave with
tjie-ftricteft^uftice tQ;h^ good friends from
Prejanne,nand he appointee* proper officers to
fee his orders carried injo execution, but Mpth?
out effect; for he had hardly reached his placr
of abode," jpefore one fellow was detected on.
boatcVthe Refolutipn, in (lealing irop from she^
armourer's forge, and had one fide of his Ijead
and one of his eye-brows fhaved, befides having an ear cut off, by way of example to.||eter||i?
On the 19th, peace l^ing {iftabiifhed in the
ufual form, the live flock were landed, among
which were two horfes for 0**qai, with two cows
and a bull for ^ing Oree,tf he had been alive,
which were afterwards given to his (uccefTor.
As this was one of the moft plentiful of all
the Society ifles, it was propofed to make fome
flay here, in order to careen the fhips, and to
lay in provifions for future ufe. This was the
more neceflary, as we were about to fail to countries wholly unknown, where it was. uncertain
what accommodations we might meet with, or
P to 170     Capt.   CO(M3s   Wmge.
to wnaf ttraits^We might be reduced. §*Phe tent*
were therefore pttt SWm">rey the beds1 and furftl*1
ture of every kind"*tfm%den, and every crevhse*
4f the Alps examined, fcraped, wafhed wHtf
Viriegir^ and (moked,1 and while tfiis laft ope-
ration ""was performfbg:,* the lower* port-hole^
wereteft open, for* #e rats to matte their e#f
cape j in (hort, a thorough revifion was directed
to oe made of every thing on board, as well to
cleanfethe fuhiiture from the vermin, as to
remove the darigS* &f infection from putrBf
air, generfteoPpy a perpetual fuccetffion of multitudes in clofe relbrt between decks ever micer
our arrival at Otaheite. The fick'wefe at the
fame time landed For the benefit of the air,
and every meant? ufed tb recover, and to pre-
fervethem in healtH, when recovered.
Apiong the ficJt was Capt. Cook himfelf,
for whofe recovery the crews of botfrmip'f'were*
under,much concern, as the fuccefs of the voyage was thought in a great meafure to depend
upon his care and cBnddct. By the doctor's ad^
vice, he was prevailed upon to fleerp on fhore;
where he was affiduoufly attended night and
day by the furgeons bf^both fhips, who alternately watched with him, till he was out of
danger. As foon as he was able, he rode out
every day with Omai on horfeback, followed
by multitudes of the natives, who, attract6&
by the novelty of the fight, flocked from the
remoteft parts of the ifland, to be fpectators.
Mm PCapt.   COOK's  Voyage.  I171
In the mean time, the fhips were crouded with
hogs, poured in upon us fafter than the butchers and falters could difpatch them; for feveral days after our arrival, fome hundreds
great and fmall were brought on board, and if
any were refufed, they were thrown.into the
boats and left behind.!* Bread-fruit, bananoes,
plantains, cocoa-nuts and yams were brought
in the fame plentiful proportions, and purchafed
for trifles. Red feathers were here, as at Otaheite, a very marketable commodity, with
which the feamen made purchafes of cloth, and
other manufactures of the ifland; thofe of
them, who were followed by their miffes from
Otaheite, kept feparate tables for them, at a
fmall expence $ the miffes catered and cooked
for their mates, who feafted every day on bar-
biqued pigs, dewed fowls, roafted bread-fruit,
cocoa-nuts, and a variety of other delicacies,
which were purchafed for them for the me-
reft trifles. Among the common men, there
were many who laid in flore of thefe good
things for their future fnpport in cafe of being
reduced to fhort allowance, and they had reafon afterwards to confole themfelves on their
provident care.
The example made of the firft Indian thief,
by expofing him to the ridicule of his countrymen^ had a better effect than a thoufand lafh-
ings, which were forgotten almoft as foon as
inflicted ; whereas the laughable figure the feU
P 2 low 172       Capt.   COOK's   Voyage.
low made with one ear off, and half the hair
of his head fhaved, was a perpetual punifhment, which it was not in his power to con^-
ceal. By this feafonable feverity and the vigi*
lance of the officers, whom the king had appointed to fuperintend the police, we continued
unmolefted for feveral days.
On our firft approaching the ifland we eaft:
anchor till the ground for mooring fhould be
examined, and in weighing, to change our fta-
tion, our cable parted, and we were obliged to
leave the anchor behind. This proved a trou-
blefome bufinefs, in which we were aflifted by
the activity of the natives, who, at fervices of
this kind, are very alert. By diving, and properly fixing ropes, they helped us to recover
our anchor in a few hours, which we had laboured at, in vain, for feveral days.
The carpenters and caulkers had no fooner
compleated their bufinefs on board, than they
were ordered on fhore to erect a houfe for Omai,
who had been enabled, by the generofity of
Capt. Cook, and his other friends, to purchafe
a fmall eftate for a plantation, in the cultivation of which he was to proceed after the En-
glifh manner, and to employ his two New-
Zealanders as labourers in digging, and preparing the ground.
The erection of a houfe of pretty large di-
menfions,with liable and out-offices (appendages
nevv,and hitherto unnecefiary in this country)was
mm Capt./COOOft*s  Voyag*. :|l7f
a w^rkof no fmall labour,and could not beaccom-
plifhed in any reafonable time, without the afiif-
tance of many  hands; the carpenters,  and a
numben^f labourers   from   both fhips  were
therefore fet to work, and though a watch was
placed to look after their working-tools, the
vigilance of   Argos, with his hundred  eyes,
would have been infufficient to have guarded
filch a valuable treafure from fo many crafty
Jafons; as daily attended the workmen with a
view to carry off fome part of the golden prize.
It happened, however, that a few chiflels, gim-
biets, and othe^rifles were all that were miffing $
for as no nails or iron were to be ufed in the con-
ftruction of the buildings, the faws, axes, adzes,
and larger tools were not fo eafy for them to conceal ; while therefore the chfff attention of the
centinels were fixed upon thefe, an Indian found
means to carry oflf a quadrant from the aftro-
nomer's cjbfervatory ; and though it was almoft
inftanfjy miffed, and tlf$e thief difcovered, and
fired at while he was yet in fight, he found
means to efcape to the woods, where he con-
pealed mV booty, notwithftanding the moft vi-
gilant fearch. ^t the firing of the gun, and
the buftle that fucceeded among the Indians who
were in crowds about the tents, the marines on
board took the alarm, and putting themfelves
in arms haftened on fhore, where they found
•fill quiet,   the   thief having  been  found and
fought in, by fome of his companions, who
P 3 were 174       Capt.   COOK's   'Votagj.
well rewarded for their fidelity. The fellow,
was inftantly taken on board and put in irons,
where he remained all nigbt. In the morning
it appeared he was of fome note, as a number:
of hogs, and great quantities of fruit and cloth
were brought on board, to pmrchafe hisreleafe {*;
but without effect. About noon he was fcaiought
to trial, and fenteneied to fuffer the lofs of both
his ears, befides having his head (hayed, and-
his eye-brows deed, - than wbich, no punifhment could have fubjected him to greater dif*
grace. In this bleeding condition he was fent
on fhore, and expofed, as a fpectacle to intimidate the people from meddling with what
was not then* own- at the fame time they were
given to underftand that theft, among "os, was
confidered as a capital crime. The Indians
look'd with horror upon the man, and i# was
eafy to perceive, that this act gave them general difguft; even Omai was affected, though
he endeavoured to^juflify it to-8 his ^Indian
friends, by telling them, that if fuch a crime
had been committed in the country where he
had been, the thief would have been condemned
to lofe his life. How well foever he rnlght carry
the matter off, he dreaded the confequences to
himfelf, which, in part, appeared before Wfc
left the ifland, and were probably more Severely
felt by him, foon after we were ^one. How«-
ever King Oreo and the chiefs about him fflK
continued to keep up appearances $ they paid
-J'JLJ @*PT.   CORK'S    VoVAGB>       t}$
and ifcciived viflifcas nfoal, mfaide prefejrls^te3f
accepted retufss, and* fuffered trade io<ga#t
between the i^abi'^ar^s^f^^^ ifland andPfee
fliips companies, as if no offence had been given. Ac1 all (Jtheir feats- aftd erieert^iftmeh^
the Captains and Omai were invited to be guefts,
and plays and fireworks fucceeded each other,
by way of political finefle, to promote harmony
In the mean time, another theft was committed
at the fame place. Mr. King, the aftronomer
was robbed of his brandy-cafe, fome plates,
and fome knives and forks, which he never
recovered; but his quadrant was brought back
in a few days after it was ftolen, though very
much damaged. 4££i#&&i 4Ai££fr
On this occafion, trade was again interrupted,
the Indians dreading to come to market when
any of their people had been guilty of any
Capt. Cook, though he rode out every day,
attended by Omai, flill continued in ,^,.very
weak condition; but was^vifited^and had
great attention paid himj*w, the chiefs *, he rc^
foned with Oreo on the abfe4.cyftom.fQ^^fc
pending trade, whenever any of hj^ peopfe bftd
done us an injury, reprefented the pracl^ceak
equally hurtful to them as to us, and that^thO*
the delinquent was liable to punilhment, no,
other perfon wpuld ever Ira. molefted, unlef|rthe
courfe of juftice was interrupted* pbx**etpfiflg
to deliver up the criminal, when deifcte^ .This
P 4 reafon- Ill*
ttf       Q«»olC P 9 K ' $ #OYA0&
reafoning had its weight with Oreo and his
chiefs,, who ordered the trade to be renewed as
before.;We had now^een in ;harb6ur,i'n Q%wha*r*£
re road,.in Hueheine more than thirty days,when
Qlfc^fc feedings were_%ujte compleatcd,and he
had goJNJll hi%^ffectiSTand furrJtbraQntlhore, the
European feeds, with, which .Cape; Cook had
f^*or(hed hiroi0*(^W9>t?ind pa^fofj^iskgrounfi^
planteA: with #te{fruk!*«nd other trees ofiathe
Country, jjp all wbii&lhel^as aflifte<fcwith every
fpare ^hand from both fhips* jf&&-0
i5t^e^Wouldrteve:3t^aginett tfta^lpleeing hiril-
felf^j^arently^me^ greateft man m We ifland,
and-'' poflSfledtW talSft nhe^inefl houfej* he
Would have been elated with hrrfituation, *%nd
ove¥)6yedKat bein^fo happily placed ; but quite
the^^Wlrfejjfthe Hearer the time a^j^dached of
Mr departure, themoW-uejeffleHIhe'pew,'' arid
when he made an entertainment at taking pSi?:
fefnbi-ftbf his^fiew^tlement,:|¥t which he was
KbUbured wrth the*company of^the commahip
'fafranfl^officersvfrom both (hipSp^MPwith the
\ Kmgf a^nil*5 chiefs *8f tire' iflahof ^ne^coAld fjcarce
cbhceal * ms^ trou bley '*beirig apjprenenfive, as ni
tblcl Capt.'ClarKe fec%etly, that/^siobn as we
were faifea, they woufa level his builclirlgs wim
f\ f\3tUj "% y i \ t.' iKt^**r^fe- J jBfr < 13£lf»~ i <jK%tr
tne'efiouncjk and make prize of all tnat.Jie pof-
relleop' upon ihls^o^afionj however. Captain
CSobfr/HWiO had aJPafougtreatecf nirn^more like
ir?"mh thaira pa(Stff^and who wrff now pretty
recwetio^eing acquamted vv^S f!8I caufe
of CAPT.f#O3€DlC*sO^0Y^tO    *®fi
^f his melancholy, embraced, this opportunity
of"-recommending him to the protection of :tj^*
king and the chiefs prefent, intimating to then!
at the fame1|tf*je, that if .any jriolen|»ihoul^.tet
offered to Omav or that he fhojildtie moleftei.
in the free enjoyment of his proper,ty, he woul<j,<
Upon the return of n(he<.(hipsr Jay. wafte, the
ifland,  and deftroy every  human being that-
had, in any manner, ^een inftrumeni'i^LmjfeiM
^m ai^ injury1^r|^fhreat ^$ffe0^z$&&*&
UH^^eflion upon tjje chiefs, by wf^fe4-fefl
pened at Emoa; for, notwithftanding all their
proS|flions, it wfy$)£$ evident tbgv0were more
influenced by fear than affection.,,.,Omai, thus.
powerfully fupported.^^^J^lia^ring recovered,
^j^l^pts, went through thejfajtmje^^f *rjie
day better than could have been expected; froriv
the defpondency that appeared on his countenance when firft the company fcjegan to affem*.,
ble.   Perhaps his awkward fituation, between
half  Englifh,  and  half Indian  preparations,
might contribute not a little to embarrafs him *
for having never before made an entert**ffiimeti$
himfelf, tho* he had been a partaker at many
both in England and in the iflands, he was yet at
a lofs to cond-uct himfelf properly to lb many
guefts, all of them fuperior to^**Ojf*ljf in poig|
of rank, tho'jbe mkrht be faid t$ be f^ei*fqr9
in point of fortune, io moft of the $$ffs prefect,
Nothing,   however, was waning,   to imprejs
the inhabitants with an opinion of Omai's con-
fequence* -Ty^ CAPt^dS O O %@aP'VbYAG$. %
fequence. 'The cktfm$,#%ufltfpet$, bagpffies;
K&utboys, flutesfl v^ln^^a^ft3q*Jort:^ttt^
who^btmd o¥* mufic atrencledi ah3 took k by
tiSrns to play while dinfeFwas getti-ffg^eady;
i&Brwhen the crottpany were feared, the whole
ba*$f%med,*'flf full concer|?W^ie admiratib#
dr xrowds of^th^fehabictowj who were afTerd^
bled round the houfe orlfflfis occafion. The
dinner confiffeu1, as ufuaf,^bf barbicued hogs,
fowls varioufly dreflfed, fome after the maimer
6r«ie country, and others after the Engfifli
-3itnoer,;'w?£h plenty of other provifions, and
wine and other liquors, wfHi whicb lEing Oreo
made very free.a^fI)rnner over, heivas andrOTp*
works fueceeo^ci, and when night approached,
'the multitudes1 that attended as fpectators dif-
pefled withoSMfie leaft difbrder.
We now received orders to prepare for our
departure.r "W4 had, in this ifland, procured
more than 40*8 hogs, fiS#ny of trhem large.
Thought it bad been found in for-mer voyages,
that moft of them that were carried to fea alive
refufed to eat, and confequentfy were-fbon killed,
yet we refofed to make one experiment more,
anil by procuring large quantities of yams,'tfftd
othgf roots, on which they^ were aecuflemed
to feed on fho¥e\ we ventured to take a few in
each (hip. For this purpofe our carpenters
prepared ft^es for their reception in thofe parts
whete they might remain the cooled; and while
they Capt* COOXCsOVbYARSf^   i^9
they were employed irijthat bufinefs,; the jivgJ-
ftock, that were ftilfop more were taken on
board, as; were 1 ikewifq e yery other ar tkle that r
retime edoftg^ $&&fteti&&Qq
Nothing remarkable happened till the 30th,
when, early ^njhe morning, we were* fur prized ,
w4t(|\-an accoun^that Omai's plantation was
rooted up and deftroyed, his fences broken down,
and his horfes and cattle fet at Urge, without
being ab^ejio^ifo0^* ^ho were coif c^ae*} ;in^
this malicious and deliberate act of premeditated mifchief, ««Capt. Cook, highly incenfed,
offered confiderable rewards for difcoyeriog
and apprehending the offenders, when-it was
found that the fellow, who had his head-fhaved^
and his ears cut ^off, was the principal, and,
being a native of Uljetea, an adjacent ifland,
had fled there for refuge,; but Capt. Cook offering fix large axes, for bringing him to juf-
tice, and promifing to flay feven days longer,
to give time to apprehend him, fome defpera-
does undertook the talk, and on the 4th day
brought him on board..,J fie was charged as the
fole perpetrator, but it was thought he muft
have had accomplices, as he could not by himfelf,; in one night, have fucked up ft| a*mny
trees, deftroyed fb many plants, and dug and
defaced the ground in places, where,
the?3|ucDpean feeds .had beencfown. However
he'refsfed to: maJsfe as y, confefljen, and when
put in irons, remained fuilen.
l&mt t|e     Capt,^0^0 Kfs jfcYAQ$'J
-?$ie preparations for-'O&ir departure|gwhi**lt^
tmV e*$#i^3had^fbf|fert decH? ritemmeilcdd^ an^