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Narrative of the adventures and sufferings of Samuel Patterson, experienced in the Pacific Ocean, and… Patterson, Samuel, 1785- May 1, 1817

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|  To be used carefully, and returned in
two weeks.
<U*        "HUM lif*—**t
f *
>l^ ' '^ol Report to
Call No
Pocket & d*s
Note for Cat*     ll
hode Island District.
^        Be it remembered that  on the
(L. S.)    sixth day of September in  the
^        year one thousand eight hundred
and sixteen, and in theFortyfirst
year of the   Independence of the United
States of Ame\ica,$amuel Patterson of North
Providence in said District, deposited in this
office the title of a Book, the right whereof
lie claims as proprietor in the words follow
ing, viz.
^Narrative of the Adventures and Sutler-
ingsofSAMUEL PATTERSON, experienced in the Pacific Ocean, and many othip
parts of the world, with an account of the
Fecgee and Sandwich Islands."
In conformity to the Act of Congress of
the United States entitled,4l An act for the
encouragement of learning, by securing the
copies of Maps, Charts and Books to the au«
thors and proprietors of such copies during
the time therein mentioned.'7 And also to
an Act, entitiled, "An act supplementary to
an act, entitled, An act for the encourage-
xuent of learning, by securing the copies of
maps, charts and books to the authors and
proprietors of such copies during the time
therein mentioned, and extending the ben-
cfits thereof to the Arts of design ing,engrav-
log and etching historical and other prints.
| I-     N. R. KNIGHT, ClerkM
Rhode Island District*
n Ill
ii n'i
l! II I!
THE following work is principally published from a collection of papers, put into
the hands of the compiler by Mr. Patterson.
He appears to be a credible man, and has for
a number of years supported a good standing"
as a professor of the christian religion. His
nerves are so affected by his sufferings, as
that he is incapable of writing himself, and
the deficiency of his papers has been filled
up by the compiler, under his inspection.
Much pains has been taken inrpreparing this
work for public view, to'render it truly useful and beneficial to the world. Other publications have been consulted, and to make
this narrative of more utility to the reader
some additions to Mr. Patterson's communications have been thus received.
The publication is for the benefit of Miv
Patterson, who is tfiflya subject for charity;
after the defraying the expense of the
several parts of the wrork, the remainder of
the profit will go to him j and the patrons
may consider themselves as conferring a favour en a poor unfortunate honest.Sailor.
I know of nothing why I should not rec-
Y                                              —                     ^^mm^—            —                    - —                         -                 — . . • •
•hi mend this book, as being very interesting^
and useful to the public, especially to seafar
ing men.
Here the Reader may see the vanity o§
childhood and youth ; and the transitions-
of riper years. We find before us the surprising sufferings of one of our fellow beings,
and behold what God is^ able to uphold a
worm of the dust to endure. We also see a
poor distressed mortal, in the midst of his
anguish, made happy in the God of his salvation, and calling upon others to taste and see
liow good the Lord is ; and exhorting them
to turn from their sins and unrighteousness.
to him.
The account given of the miserable state
of the heathen on apart of this continent,,
and the islands, is quite affecting.    While
we like rational beings areplenteously clothed and fed, millions are in the most abject
state of uncivilization, naked, and nearly so,
and many considering the flesh of their fellow beings a most delicious morsel.  But, one-
tSing is very noticable among them, their sacred rules of wjaat they think is true worship, they do not violate, as thousands have
their strictest obligations, who profess to be--
lieve in the religion of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Herein the children of this  world are in
their generation wiser than the children. o£*
light. Some, perhaps, would frSf-much better
pleased with this narrative^had it been compiled separate from the subject of religion ?
if so, it is much to be lamented : this world
without religion would be a poor place, and
what a poor thing is a book without it !
I wish that ever}' book in existence had,
at least something of religion in it $ and to
all those who have true religion in their
hearts, how pleasing that would be !
You have here not only the virtues of the
man, but also his vices; shun the wrong,
imitate the good j and may tlje blessing of
heaven be with you.
I would remain the
publick's most humble servant
in the work of the gospel ministry,
Vicinity of
WlLBRAHAM, MAY 1, 1817.
1* ■**
IT might haveWeen expected', perhaps, that
the names of the Subscribers would have been:
published, but it-was thought not best, as they
•would have excluded other useful matter; or-
the- proprietor, who is in low circumstances,
must have been at the expense of an extra sheet,
which his friends advised him not to do, A
part of the subscription, papers are returned^
on which about nine hundred copies are subscri-
edfor^which is here mentioned with gratitude;
how many more may be on the unreturnedpi^
pers is not known, but without doubt the number is considerable.
It is hoped that tfiis liberal patronage will-
not be disappointed of its expectation. There
may be imperfections in the xvork ; but when the
difficulties attending the preparing such a publication are considered, it is hoped'that if some
things of small consequence have escaped correction* it will be kindly overlooked^ It may be
that some names, especially those of foreign
places, many of which are differently wriften
by authors, are not perfectly correct, but it is
quite certain that there exists no error that car*
mislead the reader from the design of the nor**
"T*"**** VXk
Kodiac is differently spelt in the thirteenth
chapter, through its being differently written*
by otliers ; but Kodiac is most likely the cor-
The typographical errors of the press, also\
are so trifling, as not to require a pointing; out
here; any common reader will right them*
The Rev, Mr. Merritt, a very respectable
Minister of the Gospel in Wilbraham, and
Abel Bliss Jun. Esq.. a Literary and Religious Character of the same place, have been
pleased tc favour this Publication,, with the
following Certificate.
TIE have had some acquaintance wittv
Mr, Pamerson, the Subject of this Narrative,
and have heard him relate his Adventures and
Sufferings,and ChrisCunExperience : we think
He is a credible experienced man, and that his
Narrative may be quite entertaining and useful
to the Public.
Wilbraham, May I, 181F. i
From my Birth unto my first going to Sea.    13.
^y jfirs * £°ing to Sectt
My frst Voyage to Algiers in the Fri*
*   gate George Washington.
My second Voyage to Algiers^
A Period of Visiting, Farming, &c.        37*  l.f
A second trip to the North-west; Coast*    73,
; :   \    ;   CHAP... XIII.   •
Third time to the North-west Coast j a
trip to Kodiac, and the Coast of Cali
A trip to Canton, and Port Jackson. 78<
'   >;\,';/  :';' CHAP. %V.
Sail for the Feegee Islands. 80.
Shipwreck near the Feegee Islands, and
our first getting on shore at Nirie. 82*
A Visit to Beteger another of the Feegee
Islands, with an account of the R dig ion
and Customs of the people of Feegee. 86<j My dreadful Sitffe rings at Feegee
Visit Boo'ycr, and return to Nirie
chap. xx.   .p ^ n
j!/y departure from Nirie, to an American
Ship at Bo oyer. 101
Sail for China
My Shipmates sail for America,and I take
a Cruise with the Chinese against their
Enemies. Ill
My return to America.  narratiWe^ B
"Children, to'your creator God,
Your early honours pay,
While vanity and youthful blood
Would tempt your thoughts astray.
The mem'iy of his mighty name,
Demands your first regard ;
Nor dare indulge a meaner flame,
Till you have known the Lord.
Be wise, and make his favour sure,
Before the mournful day*
When youth and mirth are known no more,
And life and strength decay."
From my birth unto my first going to sea.
WAS born in North Providence, in
the state of Rhode Island, on the 16th of
August 1785. My father, Hezekiah Patterson, had but small possessions of the
things of this world, and was a poor man.
He went a voyage unto the East Indies,
and before his return my mother was under
the necessity to put her children (six in
number) out at different places. I was placed at one Moses Tiler's on Barrington
Neck, where I lived about nine  months. 14
But one day hearing a salute fired, and os
inquiry, being told that the ship my father
went to the Indies in had returned, and being dissatisfied with my master, and anxious
to see my father, the next morning when I
was sent to turn the cows to pasture, I ran
away for Providence. I crossed the bridge
and went on board the ship, and inquired
for the captain ; I was told he was in the
round-house, to which place I went: the
captain asked me whose boy I was ? I told
Mm I was Hezekiah Patterson's, and that
my father went out in the ship^with him. He
enquired how old I was j I told him I was
ten years that summer y he then asked me
if I could drink grog; I told Jtim I could,
and he gave me a glass.
On inquiring for my father I found he had
gone home to his family. The captain asked me if 1 should be willing to be bound to
him as an apprentice ; I toldShim that I
could not give my answer until I had seen
my father. He then ppvailed on me to
stay on board of the ship that night ; and
after taking: tea he told his son to shew me
my father's hammock, and I slept in it that
night. In the morning when I heard the
sound of all hands being called, I turned out,
snd went into the round-house t the captain again entered into conversation with
me, and on asking me several questions,
found that I Kid aii uncle living in Provi* NARRATIVE-
dence, and he sent his son to shew me the
way to him.
My uncle enquired of me how I came to
leave the place where I lived ; I told him I
heard the ship had arrived that my father
went to India in, and being anxious to see
him, had run away from my master, and
come to Providence in order to find him.
My uncle endeavored then to persuade me
to go back again to my master, but I assured him his treatment of me wasfsuch, that
I should not return to live with him any
My uncle being a house carpenter, and also two of his sons, he told me that I could
stay with one of them until I should see my
father. I stayed about one year in this
place, when my mother came with a hors©
after me ; I went home with her, and once
more saw my father.
I was next, by my father, placed with folk
mer Richard Bu^ingames in Glouchester,
where I lived from March until July, and
apparently gave good satisfaction. But, on*
the first of July my master having a number
of hired men a hoeing for him, and coming
into the field and finding the work not done
to suit him, was mueh displeased ; he then
sent me to drive up the cows, but as I got
them near the yard, they turned to run away
&£i 16
into the woods, and I to prevent them, ran
across the lot, and through some flax.f this
turned his anger against me: I thought of
no harm in what I did, but was corrected,
I think, as no good man would do deliberately. The next morning I saw my father and
informed him of my Sbuse ; he took me
hone, and I stayed with him and colonel
Wheeler, until I recovered, which was about
one month.
*#&/ "God moves in a mysterious way
His wonders to perform ;
He plants his, foot-steps in the sea,
And rides upon the storm.
His purposes will ripen fast,
Unfolding every hour;
ThebuMmay have a bitter taste,
|B    But sweet may be the flower."
My first going to sea.
Hearing of a training in the neighborhood, I went, and there found a sea captain,
Jonathan Eborn of Pawtuxet,inquiring for a
boy that would serve him as an apprentice,
and on my being recommended to him, he
\ asked me how I should like to go to sea with
' im; and being very much pleased with NARRATIVE.
the idea, I told him I should like it well.
He directed me to prdcure my father's
consent, and call on him the next morning. I obtained the consent of my father,
and the next day the captain took me with
him in his carriage to Pawtuxet, gs'here I
stayed till late in autumn, in the year 1798.
My master then took charge of a ship at
Providence, and proceeded to Savannah,
where he took a cargo of cotton and tobacco
for New-York ; after discharging ojir cargo
at New-York, took in freight for Savannah ;
at Savannah we took a freight of tobacco
and cotton, and returned to New-York, and
from thence to Providence.
The captain taking charge of a ship for
Holland, and I not being willing to be
bound to him, returned home to my father
again, with whom I stayed until the December following : when he, going to Pawtuxet to procure shell-fish, took me along
with him, and meeting with J. Saunders, a
blacksmith, who was wanting an apprentice,
my father put me to him on trial. I stayed
here about six weeks, and was very well liked by my master ; but one day when he
was at work on a rudder brace, and taking a
welding heat, Mis. Saunders at the instant
called to me from the window oilier ehanii
her to bring up some wood to her; and 1,
fearing the consequence about my ears, unless I immediately obeyed her orders? rasa
Mi 18
from the bellows and carried the wood, and
returned in haste ; but by m^|absence my
master lost his heatffwas much offended,
and turned me away.
I left Saunders crying, and at a little distance, a Mr. Randal noticing me, enquired*
th|feause of my weeping if I informed him
of what had occurred, and he took me immediately home to his house, and said I might
'IBve with him.
I tarried a number of months at this place,
and was well used.
My clothes being much worn, Mr. Randal
furnished me with aSuew suit of red, pleasing me much; but one morning, it Heing
very rainy, Mrs. Rgpdal bid me lay them a-
side, put en my old dressWand turn away the
cows ; but this 1 was not inclined to do, saying, I should be ashamed jjo. go thro' the
streets iollpiy ragsjj|lioweve|^ I obeyed her
orders, and when I returned she directed
me to go to my breakfast; I told frer I would,
for I tho't I had earnedflt; but it would be
the last one that f should eat there. After
breakfasting, with my old clothes, and without any hat, in a heavy rain, I left the house
and went to Providence.
I have reason to regret this improper
step, for I had no ground of complaint
against this respectable family.
V narrative.
IK  ,  .v.y    :    CHAP.  III.- .-^:-p:'.".
"I rang'd the world, I crossed the seas,
In hopes my restfess breast to ease,
By pleasures yet unknown :
To all amusements I have run,
That's found beneath the daily sun ;
Till weary I have grown."
My first voyage to   Algiers in the frigate
George Washington.
Being out of employ, in June, 1800, at
Providence, unknown to my parents, I entered for the frigate George Washington, afe
eight dollors a month, and the next morning
was sent in a packet to Newport, where the
vessel was then lying, commanded by W.
Jacobs. On my arrival there I went on
board of the ship, and after a few days sailed fof Philadelphia, where the heroic captain Wijliarn Bainbridge Es§* took the command of the frigate, and Mr. Jacobs was the
first lieutenant. Here we took on board a
cargo of specie and a variety of other articles, for a tribute to the Dey of Algiers.
On the 8th day of August, we weighed anchor and made sail for sea, and without any thing especially wrorthy of notice,
on the 7th of September came to anchor in
the bay of Gibralier.   The next day we fir-
""'".     --/;\
■A IT I:
ed a salute of fifteen guns, which was answered by an equal number from the shore ; we
then weighed anchor and-made sail for Algiers, and on the 17th, off the harbour, the
American consul came on board and took
us into port, where we safely moored to the
||jpies&c. The castle fired a salute of 21
guns, and in answer we returned the same
number, and were apparently gladly recei-
veftby the Dey, who immediately attended
Pf>ihe unlading the ship. Captain Bain-
bri%e was treated with every attention by
the Dey, who presented him with an elegant
Turkish sword. mm
We lay here unti||p|e 9th of October,
fifhen we were big w|§§||lhe expectation of
returning to the land of libp'ty, the U* S. of
America, and had every thing^prepared for
the voyage, our poultry excepted, and that
in part was ready to be brought on board |
in this instant of anticipated pleasure, friendly appearances vanished,and^fe Dey made a
most unexpected and extraordinary demand,
that the George \Vasfrftgton shouM carrM
Iris ambassador with presents lb the grand
seignior at Constantinople. This$en|and
was made under pretence of one of the stipulations in our treaty with Algiers, by
which it is declared, that "should^fhe Dey
want to freight any American vessel that
may be in the^gency of Turkey, said ves-
tel not befgg engaged, in consequence of the-
friendship subsisting between the two nations, he expects to have the preference
given him, on his paying the same freight
£>fFered by any other nation." Against this
requisition capt. Bainbridge and the American consul, Mr. O'Brien, remonstrated
warmly and strenuously. It was evident,
they said, that this stipulation could apply
only to merchants'ships, not to national vessels, charged by their own government with
specific employments/J|that capt. Bainbridge
had received positive instructions for his
voyage, from which he dared not, and would
not deviate, and that there were other ships
in the harbour which would answer the purpose equally well. The Dey, however, persisted in his demand ; and left capt. Bainbridge only a choice of great difficulties and
embarrassments. On the one hand, an ambassador, with a retinue of two hundred
Turks as passengers, and presents to the a-
mount of five or six hundred thousand dollars, were to be forced on board the frigate,
and carried to Constantinople, at the entire
risk of the United States. If in the new
and dangerous navigation to that place accidents happened to the Dey's property, the
United States would be held responsible to
indemnify him ; if any cruizers of the Portuguese, Neapolitans, or other powers at war
with Algiers should meet the George Washington and capture her,still the Uif|ted States
would be bound to reimburse the loss ; and 99
the American vessels in the Mediterranean
M would be Astantly seized by the Algerines
as a security forpt.    Should he be more ib|N|
tunate and  beat off  these   <|&emies, they
might consider this cover of Algerine property as a violation of neutrality, and  think
themselves justified in retaliating on the defenceless commerce of the United States in
the   Mediterranean.     Besides   which,   he
would deviate from his orders by undertaking, for six months, a voyage not sanctioned by ^government.    On the other hand,
refusal to comply would Occasion the detention of the frigate, i|hich was now in the
power of the Dey, and be followed by an im-
Ijiediate declaration of war againstihe United States, for this a Hedged' breach of the
treaty, and a seizure of all American vessels
in the Mediterranean.     In this   situation
capt. Bainbridge opposed the Dey as long
and as   vigorously as possible.     The Dey
promised that if a Sweedish frigate, which
was then expected, arrived, he would take
her in place of the   George Washington.
But she did not come.    A British twe#ty-
' four gun ship arrived! and offered to carry
the presents.    This, however, the Dey refused, because he would not be under obligations to England; and at last, exasperated
by opposition he sei}t for capt. Bainbridge
and the consul, and peremptorily demanded
pfiat the frigate should go to Constantinople,
threatening, in case of refusal^ to make slaves NARRATIVE.
of all tire Americans in Algiers,.J^detara
the frigate, and send out his cniiMrs against
the defenceless trade of the Unpfed States.
The liberty of his countrymen,Wnd the safety of the American commerce, decided capt.
Bainbridge at last to smother his indignation
at this unpleasant and humiliating service,
and he consented to receive the Algerine
ambassador. Pi
Another difference arose about the flag s
capt. Bainbridge declared that ihe frigate
should carry her own colours; but the Dey
insisted that the fla^ of ^igiers should be
worn during the voyage. It was vain to resist, however mortifying to obey ;* and some
tears fell at this specimen of national humility.
They sailed from Algiers on the 19th of
October. The winds were unfavourable,
the weather bad, and the society of the
Turks not calculated to console the officers
for these inconveniences ; but they submitted with as good grace as possible to a humiliation which they deemed necessary for
their%Duntry's service. The frigate anchored at the lower end of Constantinople in
twentythree d^rs from her departure, and
the next mornin%, the 12tlxof November,the
American flag#as hoisted at the mizen, the
Aigerine at tie main. Soon after three officers in succepipion were sent on board by the
grand seignior, to inquire what ship that
■■   ■ Patterson's
fi|as, and what colours she had hoisted.
Iphey were told that it was an Ameffpui
frigate and an American flag. They said
they did not know any such county. Capt.
Bainbridge then explained tJ|it America
was the New which name they
had some idea of the country. After these
inquiries the frigate came into the harbour,
saluted the grand seignior's palace with
twenty-one guns, and proceeded to unload
the Algeiine cargo. The ambassador was
notppmitted to have his audience before
thlpUTival of the capudan pacha, or high admiral from Eg]gpt, and it was necessary for
the frigate to wait the result. Capt. Bainbridge endeavoured to employ the interval
in giving to the Turkish government a favourable impression of a country, of which
his ship and crew wop the only specimens
they had ever had an .opportunity of seeing.
At this time an embassy to Constantinople
was projected, and William L. Smith-Esq.
then minister of the United States in Porti^
gal, was designated as ouiv ambassador. It
was therefore desirable that his arrival should
be preceded by as advantageous an opinion
as possible of his country. How weJi|eapt.
Bainbridge succeeded in making these impressions we may learn from the unsuspljfj
eious testimony of ^distinguished^ traveller,
Mr. Clarke, who j|as then at Constantinople,
and witra^iom capt. Bainbridgg contracted
a frtencM intimacy. NARRATIVE.
Mr. Clarke observes ; "The arrival of an
American frigate, for the first time, at Constantinople, caused considerable sensation,
not only among the Turks, but also throughout the whole diplomatic corps stationed in
Pera. This ship, commanded by capt. Bainbridge, came from Algiers, with a letter and
presents from the Dey to the sultan and ca-
pudan pacha. The presents consisted of
Tygers and other animals sent with a view
to conciliate the Turkish government whoni
the Dey had offended. When she came^: to
an anchor and a message went to' the porte
that an American frigate ^JgMn the harbour,
the Turks were altogether finable to comprehend where the country was situated whose
flag they had to salute; A great deal of
time was therefore lost in settling this important point, and considering how to receive ie. stranger. In the mean time, we
went on board to visit the captain ; and were
sitting with him in the cabin, when a messenger came from the Turkish government
to ask whether America was not otherwise
called the New World ; and being answered in the affirmative, assured the captain
that he was welcome, and would be treated
with the utmost cordiality and respect. The
messengers from the Dey 'were then ordered
on board the capudan pacha's ship ; who receiving the letter from their sovereign with
great rage, first spat, and then stamped upon
it i teHinglhem to go back to their master,
3 26
and inform him that he would be served after
the same manner, whenever the Turkish admiral met him.    Capt. Bainbridge was, how-
every^eceived with every marjof attention,
and rewarded with magnificent presents.^
The fine order of the ship and the healthy
state of her crew,1 became topics of general
conversation in Pera, and the different ministers strove who should receive him in their
palaces.    We accompanied him  in his long
boat to the Black Sea, as he was desirous of
hoisting there, for the first time, the American flag ; and, upon his return were amused
with a very singuj||| entertainment at his table during dinnelE Upon the four corners
were as many decanters containing fresh water from as many quarters of the globe.    The
natives of Europe, Asia, Africa,and America
sat down together at the same table and were
regaled with flesh, fruit, bread, and other
viands; while, of every article, a sample from
each quarter of the globe was presented at
the same time.    The means of accomplfih-
ingthis are easily explained, by his having
touched at Algiers in his passage from America, and being at anchor so near the shares
both of Europe and Asia."
On the arrival of the capudan pacha, the
* This is incorrectly stated. The only presents received were a shawl and a fur cloaks
which together xvere worth about 400 dollars.
unfortunate Algerine ambassador was denied an audience, ami both his letters and presents refused, on account of the many depredations committed by Algiers on the commerce of Austria and other nations friendlv
to the porte, and also for ha\ ing made peace
with Frauce without consulting the grand
seignior. The ambassador and his suite
||pre not suHered to leave their houses, the
Dey of Algiers was ordered to declare war
against France, and sixty days allowed to receive in Constantinople the account of his
compliance, on pain of immediate war.
Capt. Bainbridge was, however, received
by the capudan pacha with distinguished
politeness. He took the frigate under his
immediate protection ; requested captain
Bainbridge to haul down the Algerine flag
and carry the American ; and being fond of
ship-building and naval affairs, conceived,
from the seaman-like conduct of the officers
and the state of the frigate, a high idea of
oupfmarine character. These attentions
were peculiarly grateful, as this officer was related by marriage to the grand seignior, and
supposed to possess-great influence in public
affairs. He afterwards addressed a friendly
letter to Mr. Smith, the expected ambassador, and the two countries might have formed a commercial treaty under very favoura-
bleauspicies : but the mission to Constantinople ^was afterwards discountenanced by
mmm m
our government.    The different dipldpatie
characters at Coimantinople paidj|) captain
Bainbridge   very markedlyilities .... mdr^
particularly lord Elgin, the British, and bar-,
on de Hubsch, the Danish ambassador.    Evil
ery  thing being at length arranged,    the
®eorge Washington sailed from Constantinople in the month c^|3^^^mf^r, carrying tli^g
Turkish ambassadd^^ecretarygback to AW
giers, w||h ajraccount of t|fb unfbrtunitie result of the embassy.
This voyagelo Cons tan tin oplejp&igh irk*
sortfe, was ultimS^K the meansjpf acquiring
much honour jfo thejUnj|ed   States,   anjll
might have Eileen |endered highly serv||abl|||J
Fortunately for us, She George||y ashing to|||
arrived   suddenly|j before   Constantinople^
which no Christianjyessp wa||||ermittpd to
do....the laws of the porte requiring thaStf;
foreign vessels should wait 120 miles below
the city, in orcfer to obtain leave to come up;
and as the American flag and  nation werj|j
then unknown, and the ministers of forfelgrj^
pofers would of cofce have been unwil||ng
to see a young adventurous people ad jetted
to share the advantages of a trade, wdiicli
they were enjoying exclusively, thej||pji> ability is that the frigate never would have
reached Constantinople.    Aiming, however, as she did, a fine ship, witlran excellent
crew in the best   discipline, she gave the
Turks a high idea of the naval chapcterof NARRATIVE.
the United States....a character which they
have since seen us sustain with so much glory in the war with Tripoli, and also with Algiers.    After landing some Turks at Malta,as
a favour to the capudan pacha, capt. Bainbridge arrived off Algiers on the 21st of January 1801.    Warned by his past misfortune,
he did not venture his frigate within reach of
the fort, but sent the ambassador's secretary
on shore in a boat, although the Dey desired
that he would come into port to discharge
some guns belonging to  Algiers, which he
had taken in there as ballast for the voyage
to Constantinople.    The Dey, however, insisted, and captain Bainbridge, fearful of th
consequences to the itnprotectecl comrnerc
of the United States, again ventured within
the Dey's power, delivered the old guns, and
took other ballast.    The tyrant was now so
effectually humbled by the orders   of the
grand seignior, that he instantly released
four hundred prisoners, who had been taken
with British and Austrian passports, and declared war against France.   Finding too, that
capt. Bainbridge was on friendly terms with
the capudan pacha, his menaces softened into great mildness.    After having been thus
instrumental in the release of so many prisoners, capt. Bainbridge was now enabled to
serve the interests of humanity in another
way. On the declaration of war with France,
the consul and all the French subjects, then
in Algiers, were ordered to leave the country
3* Patterson's
in fortyeight hours, and aljtheir longer stay
would have exposed them to captivity, they
were all taken on board of the George Wash-
On the 31st of January we made sail from
the harbour|bf Algiers, touched at Alicant,
landed our passengers, and sailed for America. On the 14th of April we experienced a
violent gale, but received no essential injury.
Much praise is due to the skill of capt. Hal-
lowell, the then sailing-master. And, in the
latter part of Aprif|ve arrived at Philadelphia, in the happiest of all countries, the
United States of America. At this place I
was discharged, with otHers, from the ship ;
and being but a Bey, with no one to control
me, I^fyed about wit If the sailor boys until
my money was all gone, NARRATIVE.
"O happiness ! at which all men do aim,
How few know more of thee than just the
Alas,how eager is poor mortal's chase  [name*
In search of thee, in every land and place :
They talk of thee,and yet they know thee not;
Ah, few there be that find the happy spot."
My second voyage to Algiers.
Being moneyless and out of employ, 1
went in search of a ship to enter again for a
voyage. And on finding a brig bound for
Jamacia, I engjaged for twelve dollars a
month. We set sail, but being out three
days, sprung a leak, and returned to Philadelphia in distress. The hands not thinking the vessel sea-worthy, all ran away from
it, and I also among the others.
But being destitute of money and not
knowing what to do, I went down to the
rendezvous in Spruce-street, in order to enter on board the Philadelphia frigate; when,
to my great surprise, a constable came in at
eaci door, and clapped their hands on my
shoulders, telling me I was their prisoner,"
and immediately took me off and committed
me to jail, for deserting the Jamacia merch»
antman. w.»iqMfflWft^fei»i»wBi!ip«iri>Mi -i '*& *)iiii*i
'   ;     :
After being locked up a few hours in the
cell, lieutenant Gordon came Jtod released
^ae, on condition that 'It should enter on
board the George Washington frigate ; he
paid allfcharges, and I went with Shim en
board the ship. H|
We sailed again for Algiers ;. and, I was
stationed in the mizzen top to do my duty,
and also to attend on lieutenant Gordon in
the waid-rconi. After eighteen days' passage we arrived safe at Gibralter, where we
procured provisions and water, and then reviewed our voyage for Algiers.
We touched at Malaga, and after a short
passage arrived at Algiers^land the Dey appeared to receive us with great pleasure.
That this should have been the case, wa*
nothing strange, for we carried another tribute. The Dey sent his slaves on board, and
we delivered the present.
W|Mle lying at this place, one morning,
wherffl^the top^men were employed bending a nfew suit of top-sails, I was in the galley attending the officers' boiling kettle,pnd
a Cat much prised by them, came mischievously along close by where I was, and I, an
inconsiderate boy, having some black walnut shells in my pocket,from a principle, perhaps no better than roguery, put some pitch
in them, and after warming them by the fire, NARRATIVE.
fixed her feet in them; she ran trotting
down into the ward-room, and I went up into the mizzen top. Lieutenant Gordon soon
enquired, "who put the shells on the cat's
fieet H a boy replied, "Sam. Patterson I"
Gordon then procured a piece of rattling
stuff, came up on the gang-way, hailed the
mizzen top, and ordereclme to come down ;
ytpbeyed, but went trembling in my shoes,
well knowing what the matter was; h%
tfien asked me what I put the shells on the
feat's feet for I but my fears prevented an an*
stver, and he ordered me to pull off my jacfe|
et, but that I realy felt unwilling to do : my
jacket^ was naturally striped perpendicularly,
but Gordon iriow w||h his rattling stuff laid
on about forty stripes the other way, and
changed it immediately into a checkered ones
saying, "Now go and shoe another cat, you
have received your pay for thisSl        ^
"A whip for the horse, a bridle for the ass,
and a rod (not rattling stuff ) for the fool's*
back."        i p
St. Paul said, "When I was a child, I
spake as a child, I understood as a child, I
thought as a child ; (and perhaps might
have added, I acted like a child J but when I
became a man I put away childish things."
In children and youth we should not expect that the stream of life can rise highei Patterson's
than the source of volition; and those jrho
have the care of youth, should remjembj^
they once were young themseivesjbind know
how toffee! and allowfibr the days of chiict|
liood andjfyouth, \§hich are vanity ; but ^
the same t$prie never countenance evj|j This
may be done without applying the rod Epgj
every trifling and diverting offence. The
minds5tf some men are so contracted, that
their juvenile years, and the feelings cm children, they cannot^) r will not remember;
and for even niusicai|SpxlencesSinflkt quite
unprofitable punislTjpenflB How much better a firm disapprobation of wrong, and a reserved smile at amusement, with a tender
word of good instruction, would comport
with a gentleman, and an American freeman.
But instead of this, even apparently gofi
wen "in many.respects, will whip and blujer,
as though American ejiildren, can take the
lash like the offspring of slaves ; but in this
they are mistaken, and the truth must appear at their expense.
We lay here about three weeks, in which
tirrje the frigate President arrived off the
harbor : she had lost a lieutenant and a
boat's crew, and lieutenant Gordon was ordered on board o|§that ship, and I went
with hiinfpand was stationed the same as before.
At this time the United States were at
war with Tripoli, but we had no action of
consequence. After cruising about the
Mediterranean a few weeks, our crew had
the scurvy and died very fast ; and we put
into Monaco, an English port, for refreshments. After laying there four or five weeks,
and getting fresh provisions and water, and
all things ready for sea, we gat under weigh
with a stiff breeze, but not having any pilot
on board, the ship struck a rock, while going
about seven knots an hour through the water; the commodore immediately ran up
the gang way, and gave the officer of the
deck orders to run her on shore,, thinking she
was sinking; but tlxe officer taking the second thought, called the carpenter to sound
the pumps, and, finding the ship made no
water, we put out to sea. But, the commodore thought it not prudent to go on to the
American coast in the winter, without
knowing what damage the ship had received^ and ordered her to^Toulon, in order to
go into dock to repair. We lay at this place
three months, and after the necesary repairs, we embarked for Amerk. , and arrived
at the city of Washington in May 1802.
Here I was discharged, and received my wages. I then took passage and went down to
Alexandria, a distance of about eight miles,
whence 1 sailed for Neff-York, arid arrived
there after a passage of fourteenldays. At
New-York I went on board of a packet for
Providence,   and arrived at that placerm
m Patterson's
June. I went to see my uncle, and heard
front my parents, &c. The same afternoon
I sat out for the corJ||ry % see my kindred
and friends ; but being foot-sore bjyiot being on the la^iffl but a little for about two
years previous, I put up on the way till the
next morning ^and, being ver^^^rous to
see my Jjmrents, afteigtaking §me refreshment, I still pursued on my way until I came
to the housejwhere they lived; I first saw
^y mother threugfi§fche window a)s I passed ;
she was at work at her^he^^aboring for
■Jier support; I knocked ||t the dool^ she
came and opened it, and on sfeing her son
whom she thought was lost, she stepped
back, sat down, and gaveSent to a flood ^f
tears ; then, after embracing me, she feld
me the many night's sleep she had lost on
my account, ajif related her visions of the
night abou't^^^Slt waj impb^|iblej:fbr her
to express her jojfon seeing me onige more in
the land of the living. My father who was
out, soon came home, and was much rejoiced
to see his son again.
"See how the little toiling ant
Improves the harvest hour :
While summer lasts, thro* all her cells
The choicest stores she pours.
While life remains, our harvest lasts;
But youth of life's the prime ;
Best is this season for our work,
And this th'accepted time.
To-day attend, is wisdom's voice,
To-morrow, folly cries:
And still to-morrow 'tis, when, Oh !
To-day the sinner dies.
When conscience speaks, its voice regard,
And seize the tender hour ;
Humbly improve the promis'd grace,
And God will give the powerif
A period of visiting, farming, &c.
My brother lived at one of the neighbors;
my youngestrsister went to school, and my
eldest lived abroad. My father and I went
to visit my brother, who was overjoyed on
seeing me,and it was no small pleasure to me
once more to meet with him. On our return we stopped at a farmer's house where
one of my sisters was, and finding her in good
health, we had an agreeable interview : I
related to her my adventures, and after
4 S3
spending a social hour, returned with my father.
My money by this time running short, and
my father being in low circumstances, he
thought it would be prudent forme to go to
work at farming ; accordingly I did with the
neighbors, and passed away the summer, and
part of the fall, very agreeably.
One of my sisters was living in Rehoboth,
whom,I had not seen since my return, and I
was very anxious to pay her a vist;   and obtaining leave of our parents, my brother and
I sat out.    Our  meeting  was affectionate.
Afjer considerable of a visit,   we took our
leave of her, and went to our uncle's, who
lived in that vicinity.    From   thence   we
wTent to Barrington to visit our grandfather,
.and had a very agreeable season with the old
gentleman and his family.    Thence I went
to Bristol to see a half brother of mine,whora
I had not seen for a number of years ; I
found him at wprk on board of a ship ; I related to him my narrative, and told him I
to sea again : he in-
was anxious to
formed me business was brisk and that wages
were high ; and he advised me to return to
my father and inform him that I could,
without doubt, get a voyage out of that port,
^accordingly returned by the way of my
grandfather's in Barrington, where joining
joy younger brother again, we returned to NARRATIVE.
our parents. I informed my father of the
flattering prospect at Bristol for a voyage,
and he consented that I should go. I stayed
at home two or three weeks, when my mother fixed me off, as well as she could, for Bristol, to go to sea : when I sat out she went a-
long with me some way and sat down upon a
rock, and taking me by the hand said, "Samuel, I want to give you advice ; you knew
you are going away from your parents into
the wide world, I want you should be careful
of your health, you will have no mother to
take care of you : but, if you can content
yourself to stay at home — as I have got to
be old and infirm — and you see how it is
with your father — he is neglectful — I
want you should provide a home for me —»
and assist me in some measure."
But all this would not prevail, and many
a bitter tear has this last parting with my
dear aged mother, caused to roll down my
cheeks in sorrow ; may heaven forgive my
hardness of Jaeart.
Little do children think what painful
hours their parents' slighted words and tears
will surely bring them to experience. How
unfeeling must that breast be that is insensible to the request of a mother ! but such a
heart was mine! I and may tears of deep
contrition, witness my unfeigned sorrow for
this sin never to be forgotten by me, till I go W PATTERSON'S
ilpwn to the grave to my departed mother,
who now no longer lives to bless me with
liCease man-stealing sons of murder I
Cease from forging Afric's chain :
Mock your Savior's name nofurtlier,
Cease your savage lust of gain.
Boasting heroes on the waves,
Bid no slave-ship soil the sea ;
Ye who never will be slaves,
Bid poor Afric's sons be free.
Where ye gave to war its birth,
Where your traders fix'd their den ;
There go publish peace on earthy
Go proclaim good will to men.
Where ye once have carried slaughter,
Vice, and slavery, and sin j
Seiz'd on husband, wife and daughter,
Let the gospel enter in."
A voyage to the coast of Guinea.
Being resolutely bent on following the
sea for a livelihood, 1 took my leave of my
tender m@ther, and hastened on to Bristol.
On arriving there I went to work on board of
a ship, a Guineaman ; and, one day when I
was employed aloft, there came a sea captain KARRATIVE.
©n deck, and enquired if there was any one
on board that wished to get a voyage ; and
on being informed that the youngster at
work on the main-stay wanted employment,
he called me down, and consulted with me
about going on the coast of Guinea with him,
in the schooner that lay in thestream, pointing; to her. I told hiui that my parents gave
me strict charge not to go on the coast of
Guinea ; J)ut he said it was a healthy voyage, and that he would give me great wages:
his arguments persuaded me to go ; he promised to give me sixteen dollars a month, and
to pay two months' wages in advance.
I signed articles of agreement to go on the
coast, from thence to Havannah, and then
After about three weeks, in November,
1802, having all things ready, we took our
departure, and set sail; and after about fifty
days' passage,we made the land in the morning on the weather coast of Africa, and
stretched afclong the shore with a light
breeze ; it being cloudy that day, the captain
could get no correct observation, and night
coming on, and the weather being calm, he
went below to sleep, giving the mate orders
to keep a good look out. But about eleven
o'clock, to our no small surprise, we found
ourselves surrounded with breakers; and on
©ailing all hands the captain sprang up, and
gave^Srders to let go the anchor: we found
that wre were in about twelve feet water,
where we lay all night. In the morning the
captain came on deck, and looking around,
found the vessel was enclosed with a bar of
sand, and ordered Sie long boat to be got
out, in order to sound| and to see if there
was water on the bar enough to get the vessel out again. We found the water was too
shoal by afoot, and discovered there was a
large riverfissuing from the continent of Africa, disemboguing its waters where we lay.
The captain now was enraged, saying the
hands had all been asleep, and Ihe vessel
had entered another branch of the rij|er, and
drifted down tolgwhere she then was. He
then dispatched his boat with his chief mate
and iburj hands, myself being one, to find the
other branch of the river. We took a cag of
water, and some raw beef and bread, and
went up the river about five miles, as far as
the mate thoughttproper, but could find no
other branch to the river, that led out into
the sea.
The mate and three of us took a rout a-
crossa rj^ck of land jlwhile the other, a black
man, stayed by the boat.
As we went we saw fresh-tracks of wild
beasts,supposed to be lions,or tigers,and perhaps both. The flags and brush were of a
great height, making it very difficult passing* NARRATIVE. ^ 43
except where the wild beasts had made paths.
When we had crossed to the other side of
the neck and explored to our satisfaction, we
diverted ourselves a while with sharks,
which, in considerable numbers, were swimming about in the surf, sporting with them
with our cutlasses.
We then concluded to return to the boat,
and when we had got about one third of the
way, we heard the man at the boat cry out
for help, informing us that a canoe had come
down the river with fifteen negroes#n it,
and that they would kill him.
We sprang forward with all possible speed,
some times   down in the flags, and some
times in the path ; at length with great difficulty, we arrived at the boat, and foui|fc to
our sad vexation, the negroes had taken all
our provision away ;   but we being armed
with muskets and cutlasses, they offerd a
abuse to our  persons.     We   manned ar-
boat to return down the river, and the was
cans also got into their canoe, and folic
us near to the vessel, and then returned*
this river are a great abundance offish, a<^
the great ones in catching and devouring the
lesser, keep the water continually in a foam.
On the shore the wild beasts are numerous^
and parrots in great numbers. 44
?at¥erson s
It was about two o'clock P. M. when we
arrived at the vessel, and on informing the
captain that we could not discover any other
branch to the riveiy he gave orders to get
the vessel under weigh, and let her thump
over the bar, or go to pieces ; but we told
him the natives had taken all our provisions
from us, and that we were very faint* and
wantediome refreshment, before we could
do any more ; but our request was denied,
and we were ordered to get immediately under weigh.
We obeyed his orders ; and I being on
the quarter deck, while the vessel threshed
about in the swell, there not being much
whuldand the boom coming round, it knocked m#overboard: but an overruling power
protected me in this gloomy moment, among
the tossing seas, and sharks. I was saved,
and got on board again without any injury.
oiThe captain then ordered the boats to be
thta-head, in order to tow the vessel off;
one Wrj|. Clark and myself in the jolly
7c, went a-head of the long boat, with a
crwikiejbr the purpose, when the captain
rame forward in a great rage, with a loaded
pistol in his hand, and sang out to us, "you
d—d rascals pull away, or I will blow your
brains out." I being at the after oar immediately hove it into the boat, and jumping
»p, hauled open the bosom of my shirt, and narrative.
told him to fire and be ——. being aft day
without eating, or having any refreshment,
J thought I had aslieves be shot as to perish
for the want of some thing to support nature.
He then ordered the boat to cast offand
come along side, which order I obeyed, and
he immediately took a tin pot and went to
the boilers, filled it with hot water and
threw it at me ; at whmh I clapped my
hand on the rail and quickly jumped on
board, determined to see the last of it, but
he made his escape and went into the cabin.
I then talked with my shipmates and asked
them why they put up with so much ill usage : but the mate tried to pacify me, and
I obeyed him. The captain still kept the
long boat a-head, and sail on the vessel;
and thumping awhile on the bar, she drifted
Now, being in deep water again, we took
some refreshments, and steered along down
the coast, and after about three days we arrived at the^)lace to which the vessel was
There we found lying two other vessels,
also belonging to Bristol; and the captain
ordering the jolly boat to be manned, went
immediatelv on board of the one commanded
by captain Mores, and sent the boat back,
with orders for the chief mate to send it a-
gain for him afsun-set.   At sun-set, myself 46
and John Smith, were ordered to go for the
captain; and  when   we   arrived,   captain
Mores informed us that he had gone a-board
of captain Vial's vessel, that lay a few miles
lower down the coast, and told us we had
better wait there, as he had his boat, and
would retwn in the evening: at about nine
o'clock the boat returned, but the hands informed us that they had put our captain on
board of his own vessel.    On my consulting
with  captain   Mores   about returning, he
said, as the current was strong to the leeward, there was great danger of our being
set out to sea, and it being dark, we had better stay till morning.    Accordingly we stayed, and before the sun was up I called Smith,
and departed.    When we came along side
ourv-vessel the chief mate met us, and hove us
a rope, and we went on board ; he then told
us that he had orders from the captain to
put us both in irons ; I told him to obey his
orders by all means, which he did.    Smith
then went below in the forecastle, and I sat
down just abaft the windless.    The captain
came forward and enquired for Smith ; I
informed him wdiere he was ; he then went
to the scuttle and called to him and asked
him how became to stay on board captain
Mores' vessel all night ? John said it was because the captain advised us to ; and then
asked him what he meant by having him
put in irons ? the captain thought it an impertinent question, and took up a cat block NARRATIVE.
with an iron strap and threw down at him.
He then was going aft without speaking to
me but I called to him to know what I had
done that he had me thus in irons I he then
flew at me in a rage with a rope and beat me
until he was tired, and then catched up a
hand spike and struck me over the head and
left me speechless ; but the mate came forward and knocked off my irons. My princjw
pal design in mentioning this is, that the
reader may have some view how sailors often
fare ; and what miscreants there are in human shape, when possessing even but a small
degree of power.
We lay here about six weeks, and after
providing our wood and water, apd the
slaves were all on board, and all things ready
for sea, we set sail for the Havannah. On
the third day we had light winds ; in the
morning the dolphin being pjenty around
the vessel, I went out on the jib boom in oV-
der to catchiorae with a hook and line ; but
seeing the captain coming on deck, I in order
to keep out of his sight, went to go underneath, but my hands slipping, I fell over
board ; it was immediately sung out on deck
that a man was overboard. The captain asked who it was, but on being informed that
jdt was Samuel Patterson, he appeared to be
-entirely unconcerned, doubtless knowing
that he washable to be called to an account
for his abuse to n«P'-should we   both arrive %t
in the United States, and if I was drowned
he might think himself safe against answering for his savage treatment of me ; but by
the assistance of the hands I gat on board a-
gain without receiving any injury. We
had on our passage fair weather and favorable winds, and after about fifty days, we
made the island of Antigua. The morning
we made the land one of our hands died,
who had been sick with the scurvy. From
this place we took a fresh departure for the
Havannah, where, after a short passage we
arrived safe. Here the captain disposed of
his cargo of slaves ; and knowing his voyage
was contrary to the laws of the United
States, he dared not to return with his vessel, and sold her and discharged his crew.
I was now under necessity to look for a
passage home, which I fortunately obtained
inthe sloop Morning Star, captain Richmond.
On being ready f6r sea we sailed for Bristol.
After being a few hours out, the chief mate
was taken down with the yellow fever, and
after being sick two days, expired ; and another of the hands was also taken with the
pame disorder, and then there were only
three of us left to work the vessel, and one of
these three had fell from aloft of a vessel he
formerly belonged to, and broke his thigh
and arm, and was a cripple, and the vessel
leaked very bad, and, with head winds, we
had nearly only captain Richmond and nay- NARRATIVE,
self to manage her. After beitog out seventeen days we put into Savannah in distress ;
to which place is but about four clays5' sail
from Havannah.
We laid the vessel a-shore and repaired
her. Here were mechanics who wanted Jo|
work their passage Jtiome to Rhode Island^
of course captain Richmond took somepof
them and they helped ushome with the vessel. We arrived at Bristol in the spring of
1803. This ends the Guinea voyage. I
have omitted the name of my captain, forNhe
now is in the grave, and it would be of but
smalhsatisfaction to me to rake his ashes, as
despicable as he was.
*4Ten thousand to their endless home
This awful moment flys
And we are^to the margin come,
And soon expect to die."
A voyage to Havannah.
I had now nearly forgotten my fond parents, and like almost all other sailors, had
spent all my money, and was obliged to look
for a ship again. I entered on board the
brig Jane, under captain Salisbury, formerly
5 50
thechief mate of the Gu|aea vessel. We
sailed for Havannah, and after a short pas-
sage arrived at the destined port; we discharged our cargo, ancj^were ready to take in
another, when three of us were taken with
the yellow fever, mj&e. were immediately
sent onshore, to remain till the determina-
tioti of our sickness should be k&bwn ; two
days after, my two messmates expired, and
I was in a low and lingering state of health,
and was brought to see how much the Lorcl
had carried me throggh. I thought 1 saw
the njbrey o|f God in sparing my life, and
madejpfair promises that if he would xaise mj|
up again, and restore me to my former health,
I would by his grace lead a new me. I re-covered, and weri|,on board again to ir|5gffi.u-
ty as beibrg^i We sailed again fojkthe UnU
ted States, and arrived safe at Bristol after a
favorable passage. I was discharged, and
after receiving my wages, went about with
my brother sailors until my money wa^all
gone : and, alas! my vows I soon forgot.
I again neglected to go and see my parents,
who had spent many a sleepless night onjby
"Children to parents may estrange ;
But parents' love can never change :
Men vow and soon their vows forget,
Put God's prepar'd a judgment seat.?>
*: ■;*'•.•     CHAP. VIII.     1
•'The floods I ride from shore to shore,
And visit many a port ;
But soon life's sea I'm wafted o'er,
That little voyage is short,
gj£      A short voyage to Havannah.
Necessity again compelled me to seek for*
employ, and finding the sloe-p Three Sisters,
captain Bradford, I entered onboard of her,
and being ready foggea, we sailed for Havannah j and after a favorable passage and an
agreeable season, we arrived safe in the intended port. We discharged our cargo, and
after taking in another, sailed for the United
States, and after a passage of twenty days,
arrived at Bristol on the 1st of January
1804. I again neglected my parents ; and
again spent my money. FATTERSjbK1S
MMerc restless than the. waves ||j^w*df,
I seldom spar'<^one tho't for God I
And th<|' his wonders oft did see,
In fo^ns tremendous in the sca§|J
WitMheart unsllpeii I've beheld^
To grace I|still refus'd to yield.53
A voyage to Guadaloupe*
Being unable to support myself in idleness, I entered on board the brig Nancys
captain N. Gladding^ rea^^fbr sea, anj|
bound to Guadaloupe.    O^ the 12th.of January 1804, wj| sailed, and after a passage of
fourteen daj|| made the land at our destined
port.    After discharging our cargo we took
in another for Havannaji,   where,   after a
long passage we safely arrived.    But, being
now unw7ell, I requested captain Gladdir|§|
that I might be discharged j to which|he
agreed, and I was accordingly dismissed.    I
found the schoonj^tflommancied by captain
Richmond, on board of which I embarked,
and after a favorable passage arrived once
more at Bristol.    I again neglected to go to
see my parents, and again spent all my moni When in the path of vice we stray,
The farther we pursue the w|y,
The less we're ableyo return,
And swifter still to ruin run." *F&RRATIVEi
HAdieu, my country dear, adieu,
While I my unknown fate pursue
A voyage to the North-west coast of America*
Being again under the necessity of looking for a ship, I was determined to go a long
voyage, that I might have some money to
assist my mother; and one day as I was
walking the streets, I fell in with captain
John D'WoIf, who was going out a three
years' voyage on the North-west coast of
America. The ship being ready for sea, I
entered on board of her ; she was the Juno
of Bristol. And,, on the 12th*bf August
$804 we set sail ; but our ship proved leaky ;
and our passage being long, the captain saw
fit to put us on an allowance of water. November 9th spoke ship Mary fro%n Boston*
out 6& days, captairif^Triscut, lat. 41, 40,
South. About this time a shoal of fish followed us a number of weeks, and we caught
them in great abundance, of different kinds,,
so that our decks were covered with theni*r
Jfov^l5th, saw the Falkland islands. No-
verriber 19th, got foul of the Mary, lat. 55,
40 South, and her chief mate went over
board, but was so fortunate as to get on
board of our ship, but the weather was so
rough* it was some time before he could get
m a 4
back agtfj and w^lost a number of things
§om ouftdecks ; aod on the 29tlu|f M^em-
ber we parted with the Mary in a gale,  lat.
42, 25, South.     Aflput this time our|filow-
ance of water  \^as short, and we had no
wood oJ|board that we could come at, and
the sailors wpre under the necessity of cutting up  tjteir chests to  heat^their coffee.
January  1st, 1805, saw the land at 3 o'clock
1||IS|1. at the distance of 10 or 15 miles, on
the coast of Chili; at noon, lat. 37,9, South./
JanuaryJ|d, spoke a Nantucket whaler.    January   9th,   anchored    in   Valparaiso   bay.
Valparaiso is a  Iarg§||j|nd populous town of
Chili, ia S. America, living a harbour fprm-
the  port of St. J ago, lat. 33, 36, South.
In this phice%e got  a supply of wood  and
water, but the Spaniards  would not let us
stay to make any repairs.    On the 18th of
January saiie^^Tid on the 23d anchored at
port Coqui'mbo.     We lay here a week and
abtaineoSwaterpvoojf, and provisions.    January 30th, we sailed, a||d   the itaext   day
passed the isiffpds of li|:,Chd|ff| We pursued our round for tlie North-westSleast, and
had   a   long   passage.     February 21st, we
caiurlit a number  of turtles^ whicl|werelie-
ry gladly |§ceived by us,  lat. 1, 11, South,
long. 104, 3, West.    April 9th, we apived
in Johnson's   straits,    and    fell in with the
Pearl of Boston, captain  Ebetts, who had
been in three days. At this place wefbought
some skins, and being ready for sea, on the NARRATIVE.
22d of April, we sailed, and on the 26th,
arrived at Tadiseo, where wg met the Caroline, captain Sterges, and&Vancouver, captain Brown of Boston. May 1st, Vancouver and the Caroline sailed ; the Caroline
for Cantor^ May 6th, Pearl and Juno sailed, but we parted with the Pearl, and on the
next day arrived at Magee's Harbour, lat. 57,
20, North. May 11th, anchored at New
Archangel and salutedwith nine guns. After
being furnished with wood and water, on the
27th of May we sailed, and on the 29th, anchored in Chatham Straits at Enycanoe.
ydane ls%sailed, and the next day anchored
in Hood||$ bay. On the 7lh, sailed, and on
the 19th arrived at Tadiseo, and on the 14th
the ship Vancouver arrived. On the 16th
sailed for Skitikiss, and on the21stjarrived,
Lydia, captain Hill of Boston, in company.
On the 23d sajled, and on the next day
spoke the Authawalpha of Boston, inform-
ftfig us that the nat&es had killed all the officers, and several of the men of that ship.
On the $8th, we arrived at New Eityin^^-.
company with the Vancouver, Lydia, and
Authawalpha, and met the Pearl and Mary
of Boston^ Here we bouarht some skins of
the natives, and-on the 12th of July we sailed, and on the 20th anchored at Skitikiss
The 28th, we arrived in Chatham straits,
and anchored at  Chyeek ; on the 31st sai-
As the main object was trade,   we went
/ $6
from placeito place ; and as many particulars
were uninteresting, they are here omitted.
Capt. Hill informed us that h%had receive
ed a letter from JoS|i I^Jewitt, who then
remained among the savages at Nootka, informing him that the sh$|> Bcfcon, had been
cut off by the natives, and all the hands mas-
sacreed|f excepting himself and||ne Thorfp-
Son -r afjjrl he was det||rmined to go and re-?
|j|eve them if possible, which he fortunately *
effected, and I have sinle had the pleasure
of seeing them both j and have also seen
Maqrjrna and his^eope^ and the place
where the B6ston was lost.
Maquina was of a dignified mien,about six
feet high,strarght and wjflT proportioned rhp?
features^vere tolerably goclfj, and his face re-
markaWe^by a large R$man nose very uncom-^
mon among these people ;  his colour was|of|
a dar^copper, but his limbSfwere ^veSfi
with paint j his eyebrows we^ painted black
in two broac#krcn|ng fttripes -T his hair was
long and black, shining wi|$h oil, and tied in
a bunch on the top oMis head, and covered
with a white down.    His dress was a cloak of
black sea otter s||n, reaching down to hi*
fcnees, and fastened round him with a cloth
belt. His appearance had a degree of savage
dignity.    He possessed a knowledge of Eng£^
lish words, and could make himself in a good
degree undeAtood in our tongue. NA&RATIV]?.
Asa^ketch of the loss ojthe ship Boston,
and all her men excepting||jewitt anf|
Thompson, and some account^bf the escape
of these two, with their su fie r&lgs, maybe
acceptable, I will hejp£ endeavour to gi?e a
f e w of t h e p a rt ic u I a rS     gpl
This shlr^belongj&d to Boston, Mass. pid
wa|. commanded by captain John Salter |
who, in 1802, arrived with her at Hull, in
: Jfnglancfp; This was the place of the residence of Jewitt, wh*o there-first became acquainted withjeaptain Salter; and, with h||?
father's consent, agreed to go -|fph him on
a trading voyage to the North-weft coast of
America, then to China, and then tlfthe U-
nited States of America.
Jewitt at this time was abfcit 19 years of
ag*e,   but was instructed, and skilled, in the
business of an armourer, and as such he enfp
ered on board of the Boston.
Thompson was of Piiadelphia, and a sail-
On the 3d of September^, hey sailed from
the Downs, Dec. 28th passed Cape Horn,
and on the 12th of March, 1803, arrived at
Nootka Sound, on tlfe North-west of America, and at 12 o'clock at night, came to anchor so near the shore, as that to prevent the
<tl m
•9 I
ship f ron^vinding,they secured &erj?y a haafe
se§to tiM^l^s.
y^^|e next morning a canoe came Igorr*
the vilfee of Nootka, witll MaqoSna, andffe;
number of the natives. The arrival of the
ship ||)pearecf^) be agreeable, and tlifling
appeared to cordially jfelcome captainjffl'ter
and his officers to his country. He was fond
of visiting the ships that came to that^jgiace,
for he generally received some present^ and
was well treated.
He remained qn boarto, while,  and '-S^a&
taken into the cabin, an|j treated with rur%
molasses, &cj||
On thej|K5th Maqufna anc||several of his
chiefscame on board again, and captain Salter inwited them to dine with him.    On the
19th he came again and dined with the capt.
and conversed freely.  He mentioned a plenty of geese and ducks near Fr&idly Coyef
and the captain gave him a double barreled
fowling piece, and he soon departed highly
pleased.   On the 20th he came once more,
with a dozen and half of ducks as a present,
and brought the gun, with one of thepocks
broken, and said it was pes hack,meaning bad.
This offended captain Salter, who viewed it
a contempt of his gift, and he called him a
liar, he, and threw the piece   into the cabin, and called me to mend it, and spake dis»
, :
respectfully of the king.    This,Maquina uniT
derstood, but said not a word ; yet he could
not conceal his rage ; and afterward said, his
heart rose up in his throat and choaked him.
He went on shore determined off revenge.
On the 22d the natives as usual came obl
board in the morning, and about noon the
king, a number of his chiefs, and men, came
a long side in their -panoes, and Jjvere taken
on board. Maquina had a wooden mask on
3iis face, in fashion of the ffead of some
wild beast,and a whistle in his hand ; he was
uncommonly cheerful, blew his whistle, and
it is people capered about the deck. He en*
quired of the captain when he designed to
depart, and was told, the next day. The
king invited him to first catch some salmon
at Friendly Cove ; and for the purpose the
chief mate and nine men went with a seine.
Jewitt was at his bench in the steerage below,
ancf after a while heard the hand>s hoisting
up the long boat, but soon hearing an uncommon noise on deck, ran tosee, but as soon as
Iiis head appeared, was caught and snatched
from his feet by his hair, but the hold slip*
ping he fell hack ; as he fell he was struck
with an axe on his forehead,and cut into the
skull; and his head, most likely would have
been cleft, had not his hair eluded the hold
as it did. He was stunned by the fall, and
when his senses returned, he fainted witli
the loss of blood, but was roused to recoijec*
N._ 60
tion by three yells ofipf savages, whicile-
Tinced their possession of the ship.
The king ordered the hatefT 6i|the steerage to be shut, to^revent any further harm
tojfewitt, itbeing wished to save him, on
aecountlpf hjl|§>eing an armourer. But of
thiphellien had no knowledge j at length
the hatch was opened, and| he was ordered
to ejome up. SFhe king directed the blood
to be wa&hed from.his face,when he could see .
with one eye, but the oilier was so swelled
as to be closed. His life was spared on condition of his working at the armourer's business, and Agreeing ^serlfe for life ; and tho*
the other&hirstecl |c)r his blood, yet he #as
saved arift kindly used by Maquina. He
gave hnfi someMpirit, and seeing him shiver
threw a great coat over his shoulders. He
was then led to the Quarter cleck, where ft
most horrid spectacle presented itself—Jpe
heads of the captain and his crew to too
number of 253 were placed in a line. At
the time of hoistingfln the boat, the savagejl].
grapplepwith those on board, and overpowered them by their numbers, and cut their
throats with their own jack-knives. Those
on shore "iwereWovercome, and their heads
cut off and brought on board, and laid with
those of their comrads.
Maquina  dressed Jewitt's wound,   and
tlien ordered  him to   get thesship under
weigh for Friendly Cove, and she was run a-
shore on a sandy beacn|J
Thompson was below at "the time of the
taking of the sjaip, and concealed himself;
but at night whenfone of the natives went on
'board,-he knocked him down, and the alarm
was given. But Jewitt calling him his father, for his sake his life was spared.
The ship#as at length burned, by onwof
the savages, who went on board at iaight
with a fire-brand.
Jewitt wrote a number <g|letters, and one
was at length received by captain Hildas
mentioned above, and ttpth himself and
Thompson made their escape in the latter
part of July 1805. Thompson is since dead,
and Jewitt resides at Middleton in Connecticut.
But to return : we pufsued our way to
Enycanoe, buS the wind became lightf and
we were so becalmed, as that we wejpe considerably a-drift. And on the 2d and 3d of
August there came a great number of the natives around the ship with all their war can-
What their intention was, can only be
eonjectured ; but there cannot remain much
doubt but what they had a design upon us,
but we received no injury from them.
m §
u*n 62
On the 5th we arrived at Enyejlioe; m
this place we traced with the savages and
bought a great number of skins. On the 10th,
through our anchor being tripped at the top
of high water, the ebb tide set us upon a
point of rocks, where ||e stuck fast. All our
endeavours to get the ship off were ineffectual, and at low water she was about 21 feet
ftom her element,and was racked very much,
having 19 of her floor timbers on one side,
and three on the other, broken.
W^ were in great fear of the savages ;
launched two boats and armed them for defence, in case of an assault from the natives :
and to deceive them as to our real situation,
we scraped the bottom of the ship, as tho'
she was laid a-shore for iSl^ng. But wTe
jheard the firing of many guns in the woods,
nigh by, where the savages had mustered in
great|gtumbers to jnake a prize of us.
We lay in this situation one tide, and on
He return of the flood, before the ship was a-
floajk it was with thelptmost exertion with
both our pumps, that we c^ld keep her from
filling. At h|gh water we were so fortunate
as to clear her from the rocks, where with
great anxiety we had lain in the utmost dan-
On the 12th we sailed, and tjpnext morning saw fifteen or twenty large war canoes ;
the captain gave orders to sway the boarding
netting up, and when they came along side
there were 30 or 40 men in each canoe, and
a great quantity of skins;   they were very
much besmeared with paint, and their heads
were full of eagles' down, and read ochre.
Undoubtedly they had a design upon us; and
their painting he, which is a token of friendship, was probably intended to decoy us : but
finding that wtfkcpt on our arms, and admitted but a few of them on board at once, they
feared to attack us.    We had a very successful day's trade,  and bought a great quantity
of skins of them.    Towards night they drew
off from the ship, and we sailed on with a
pleasant breeze.    On the 15th we fell in fc?
with the Mary again.    The captain being    j
anxious to ascertain what damage the ship ^
had   received on the rocks,   run for New
ffirchangel, a Russian settlement, at which
place we anchored on the 18th, and saluted
ie company with the Mary.    On the 24th
we hauled the ship on shore to repair, and on H
taking out the cargo we found she was very   if
much damaged, but we repaired her accord- ^
ing to the best of our ability, and on the s
27th hauled her again into the water.    Sep.   ^
6th the Russian general arrived,and saluted. j?
Our ship pleasing the Russians much, and
the captain being offered a great price for  <J
her, he sold her to them on the 4th of Oct.  %
for 75,000 dollars, and the snow Yarmouth* f$
The snow was taken for the purpose of carry-
• i    !  >:
ing the crew to Canton. The captain look
bilp on Petersburg, and was to go across the*
continent of Asia with a Russian caravan.
. ♦.
;     §1   CHAP. XI.     . -  .-. ' i
fcOh sieftf state of shorifliv'd time t |ffj
Under'mutation's rule :
| How oft thy various changes chime,
Our sanguine schemes to cool.
Heathens I see, their modes explore ;
We're all one family ;
God's creatines all— a few days more,
"What changes earth shall seel"
A visit to the Sandwich Islands, with an as»
count of their Religion, Governmentfiusisms
and Manners.
Gapt. D1 Wolf put his chief mate! in master of the Snow, and gave him orders to slop
at the Sandwich islands for refreshments,
and if the vessel did not prove to be seaworthy, to lay her on shore and let her undergo a thorough repair. On the 28th of
Oct. we set sail; but had a long passage,
with heavy gales of wind : and, the Snow
being very bad and leaky, kept the hands
constantly employed at the pumps, which also were out of repair, to keep her from filling.
We had almost despaired of seeing land,whea NARRATIVE.
on the morning of the 8th|gf December, the
second mate being at mast-head, sung out,
"Land, O 1" to our great joy. It provej. to
be Owhyhee, very highland ; and we stood
on nigh all day, when the canoes came off to
us, and brought us vegetables, hogs, fowls,
and fish. mi y   v>
We now all agreed as one, that if the cap*
tain would not lay the vessel ashore there,
we would take our discharge ; and on consulting him on the subject, he told us we
might\go if we would ; for if he repaired the
vessel we should have nothing to do to keep
the scurvy out of our bones on our way to
Canton. We told him if that was the case
we would leave him ; but on our going aft to
take our discharge, all fell back excepting six.
The boatswain, myself and four others were
discharged, receiving about fifty dollars, and
an order on the owners for the remainder ;
and the next morning we went ashore with,
the natives, and took up our abode with
them. On the 16th the vessel sailed for
Waohoo, where it arrived the next day; and
on the 22d sailed for Canton.
When we had been with the natives about
three weeks, we went up on the mountains,
which are very high, an after travelling
nearly a day, seeing a great quantity of sugar
cane and numerous kinds of country produce, and being weary, the natives invited us
6* 66
into their huts ; w^told themihat we we§&
veryjpungry and wanted some dinner. They
cooked us a pig, and set before us a great variety of vegetables : afterjwe had dined we
asked t$pm what we had to pay ? they told
us a dollar newa, that is a dollar p. a silver
dollar piece, or a great dollar.
They endeavour to procure jfvhat money
they can to buy European goods from ships
as they touch at this place.
After we had rested we refurnedpback
to our first quarters in this place. Being very mucj^fatigued v|j||| our journey, we remained some time longer in this place, in the
whole about six weeks ; when a vessel arriving belonging to the emperor, commanded
fey the natives, to carryjSribute to him, we
thought we would take passage down to the
island of Waohoo, and see him, where we arrived after a passage of a few hours.
$i/,' y ...■
At this placfkni my opening my chest to
getsome clothes* one of the natives happened to see my money, which I had put inj&
small box on the top of my other things,
which being open, he thought my chest was
full of dollars, and ran away to the emperor,
and told him that one of those men had a
chest full of money. Accordingly the emperor made a dinner the next day, and invited
ms all to dine with him, thinking to secure a
great quantity of the money to himself. The
first thing that was brought forward for eating was a roasted dog, and then a roasted
pig, with a great variety of vegetables. We
dined heartily, but could not partake of any
of the dog. After eating they brought on a
root-called Ava, which they chew and with
water rince out the substance, and then partake of the liquor as in a sacrament; but we
utterly reused to take any of this, because
they had chewed the Ava in their mouths.
After the emperor found that we would not
partake of the Ava, he brougMt on rum,made
of what is called tea-root, in the following
manner, viz, after they have procured a sufficient quantity of this root, they dig a hole
in the ground, and build a fire in it, and heat
it hot; they then take out the ashes, and
lay in the root, and cover it with straw, and
then bring on the hot ashes and earth upon
it. When it is sufficiently baked or steemed
they put it into a canoe and let it ferment,
and thenigrtistill it; this makes excellent
rum. Of this we could drink freely ; and
we tarried wdth the emperor all night. The
next morning he called me to him with the
rest of my companions, and told us that he
had given to each of us a place on the other
side of the island ; and then sent some of his
men with us to shew us the spot. On looking the land over we found it produced numerous kinds of vegetables; great quantities
of canes ; hogs, and fowls \ and tapper trees,
the bark of which is worked by thenat^es hf£j
toelothf we were highly||)leased ^ith our
land. We then returned to the emperoflj
and told him we were mue|| delighted with
his present. He then gave us a canoe and
servants to'wait on us, and to till our ground^
and told us to take wives- of any women we
saw on the island, excepting the chiefs'
The emperor has two wives*|£>f very enormous size, and beautiful. The women of
this country aft uncommon swimmers, and.
have been known to swim 15 or 20 miles.
They are generally handsome,especally those
belonging to the chiefs.
Their method of marrying* as far as I became acquainted, is,any pair wishing tofiye
together may form the connection by thel|
own agreement; and they continue it during!
their pleasure, without any appearance of
jealousy ; but when they chuse, wholly by
their own agreement, they part, and form
*ew connections. The men and women are*
not allowed to cook their food together, nor
to eat together $ they have different huts for
cooking and also for eating, with the cooking
and eating furniture peculiar to each sex.
The women are not allowed to eat pork,
plantains, bananas, nor cocoanuts ; but they
eat dogsjnstead of pork, raised and fa$ted
for them.   These islanders have great quan- tfARRATIVXi
tities of muskmelons and watermelons, com-
iHon for both male and female; but they
are not allowed to eat them together; nor
the man even to cut for the woman.
The women at particular periods are not
allowed the company of their husbands and
families,but retire into the woods and mountains with calabashes of water and food, and
after about thredpdays return.
Their 'civil department, or government,
with a small exception, is in the nands of one
person, resembling an absolute monarch or
emperor, called Tamaamah. He has a number of places of residence: on the island of
Owhyhee he has a seat at Toahoi bay and
another at Karakakooa bay where capt. Cook
was killed, and on the island of Waohoo he
lias a large brick house. He has power only
by waving the hand, to cause the immediate execution of his offenders : his word in all
cases is imperious law. His subjects when
they approach him on any message, fall to
the earth a considerable distance from his
person,and creep like reptiles fo his presence,
and then arise and speak. No person, neither of the chiefs, or commonality, at any
age, or on any occasion, is allowed to put his
hand on-tlie emperor's head or shoulder, nor
any common person on a chief's head on
pain of death ; for that they a token of assumed superiority.   Under tlm em- 70
peror are chiefs %every^ribe, ^their sever*
al degrf8s,born so, and all are amenable to
him ; and all the tribes of nearly all these
islands pay tributepnto him.
Tamaamah is about sixty years old, an art-
Qjljfl and sagacious man, and extremely avaricious. He wants every thing he sees. He
is continually soliciting presents from Europeans, who visit him, but iJfnot liberal in his
returns. TamoreeSking of the island of
Atooi, is thA.rightful sovereign of all the
Sandwich isles,and Tamaamah is an usurper;
and though i£ has been reported that
Tamaamah has conquered all these islands,
yek it is not the case. Atooi, which is at one
extreme of the group, and is more than
300 miles from Owhyhee, still preserves its
independence. It is true, that Tajuoree a
few years since, went down and made a suiv
render of his island to Tamaamah ; but he
has since tho'tIfcetter of it, and concluded
not to yield without a struggle|yLhe is a generous noble minded man, about fortyfive
years of age, anoVJias a son now in Amer|^
ca, who is converted |§> Christianity, and
fitting to return and preach the gospeff ohis
As to their religion ; as nigh as I could
learn, each island, or tribe, have a house of
worship, called Moreah; and around, on
the outside of it, they have a considerable
number of graven images, something in the
form of men,called Eeachooahs, that is,gods.
Before these are constantly kept roasted
dogs, pigs, plantains, and great quantities
of other things, under pretence of a feast for
their gods^; and in this order this provision
remains until spoiledg when it is removed,
and new carefully placed in its stead. To
this Moreah £3fey resort once every moon for
worship, and retire the same day after their
devotion is ended. But once every thirteen
moons, or a year, they have a Muckahitee"
taboo, which lasts twelve days. During
which time they are assembledfat their Mo-
reahs, where they continue night and day
in their worship till the time is expired. In
these days no canoe is allowed to be afloat,
and no person may go into the water, nor any
business be done but what is strictly necessary.
Besides these Moreahs, common among
^ all the tribes, they have a very extraordinary
one on thepsland of O whyhee,at Toahoibay,
which is very large, and the roof covered
with human skulls, the white appearance of
which, is discoverable at a great distance
but otherwise it is like unto the others.
Their manner of tilling the earth, is much
like other uncivilised nations, worthy of no
particular observations ; their soil is very fertile; potatoes, cabbage, melons, yajns. tATTERSCVf
and other produce, grow luxuriantly, and at
all seasons of the year.
The Sandwich islands are eleven in number, extending from lat. 18 54, to 22 15, N.
andfromftng/150 54, to 140 26, W. Tley
are, Owhyhee, which % the largest and a-
bout 300 miles in circumference, and on it is
mount Mouna Roa, in three peaksjt6020 feet
high and always covered witflsnow ; on this
llfiand are about 150000inhabitants— Mow-
Pg next in size to Owhyhee and lies*N. W.
of it; it is 162 miles in circumference and
perhaps contains 70000 peopI||An a very low
savage statefe- Ranai, N. W. of Mowee,and
contains about 24000 i n habit ant s4t-M or otin-
jQee— Tahowrowa— Morotoi— Waohoo —
Atooi^Jtfeeheehow-gOreehoua— and Tah-
cora. Nearly all these islands are inhabited,
and the number must be great, and very no-
ticable. Besides these mention is niadeof another, lying to the W, S. W. of Tahoora, low
and sandy,and visited only for the purpose of
catching turtle and fowls. No others are
named, and it is likely that none exist m
that neighbourhood. «ARRA?IVE.
4il long was pleas'd with airy schemes, i
And spent my life in idle dreams ;
While I for bliss did phantoms chace,
In running ever, lost the race."
. A second trip to the North-west coast.
But, after a few days from our first visiting the emperor, we saw a ship lying off the
harbour, and I called my men, took my canoe
and went off to her, and found her to be the
Hamilton of Boston, captain Porter; and he
being short of hands, took me and my shipmates into his service, and agreed to give
me 12 dollars a month-and to raise my wages
if he could obtain no hands from the Van*
couver on the North-west coast, which belonged to the same owners. We stopped at
Waohoo a few days for provisions and water,
and then pursued our voyage, and after^l
short passage arrived at Tadisco. We tarried here a few days, and traded, and after
obtaining wood and water, sailed for Mill-
bank Sound ; thence to queen Charlotte's islands, and from thence to Nootfca Sound.
From this place we went to Classett. Here
myself and some of the erf w were sent on
•shore for wood i and, the Indian girls came
with some berries to trade with us, and one*
«f our shipmates went round the point to
i 5T4
trade wifcjfthem out of our, sight. At this
time the ship fired a gun ; and there being
many canoes along fide, we thought there
was trouble on board, and sprung into our
boat and put off; but on looking back, we
saw the man that traded round the point,
swimming for the ship, with the Indians following after in a canoe, an^shooting arrowjH
at him. We^mmediately put about our boat
an|pwent to his assistance,but crossing a reef
we came nigh upsetting, and weM in confur
sion : some were for firing at th^ Indians,
but I thought it not best, for ;fear of killing
our man in the waterJfebut when we came,
within a few rods of him the canoe left M||j$
and we picked him up, but fdund him badly
wounded ^§1 the arrows. We carried him
along side of the ship, and th|r|pilors seeing
what was done, as scion akwe had got him
out of the boat, flew in a great rage to the
arm chestjjand Sjith m|jskets opened a brisk
fireon thenumerOus innocent creatures about
^ifreship, and k||ed a great many,
The nex^mojning a canoe came along
side with an old ^linan who had brought
her daughter, that Jfas wounded the day before from the ship, to have her wounds^res-
sed. We found her wounds to be mortal,
and the eaptain's|§lerk gave her freely of
laudajtum only, to lull her pains|| she died
a1:out Syfe clays after.
In consequence of this unpleasant affair,
the Indians were afraid,and refused to trade,
but sent off a flag of truce to inform us that
they would again open a trade with us, provided wTe would send an officer to lie off in
oneof their canoes,which the captain agreed
to do ; but they had a plot in their heads to
take our ship if possible, all the while : the
captain's cleri^vent into one of the canoes
and lay off. They came on board of our
sfaip and were trading, when the old chief
gave a shout for all to leave the ship, and for
the canoe to run away with the captain's
clerk ; but luckily we took the old chief's sister, and the young chief, and two or three
The savages offered the clerk no injury,
and on the next morning sent a flag of truce
to change prisoners ; provided we would
meet them half way. To this we agreed, and
myself and five others of the crew were sent
armed to meet them ; they also sent a large
war canoe with the clerk, and two other canoes to convoy her. After making toward
them, they hauled off so far from our ship
that we could but just discover her port
holes : but at length the exchange was effected, and I was glad ; for we were too
much in their power, if they had been disposed to have risen upon us.
The next day we got under we%h, and Patterson's
traded up and do^m thefpoast for sevfia!
weeks, and then f^^nto Tadisco, and met
the Vancouverf|nd; Pearl, ptnow asked the
captain§o raise my wages according to agreement, but he declined ? I then asked to be
discharged, and it was granted. I then*
went on boardfpf the Pealjas a passenger^
and embarked fbifthe Sandwich islands, and
after a favorable passage arrived thef^l
:^ •   ^ ClpAP. XIII. ;\ • ■ ' %:-
uThou Lord the Pilot's part perform,
And guide! and guard me thro* the storm |
Defend me from each threatping ill,
Control theitvaves, say, "Peace, be still.'9
Third time to the North-west coast; a trip t&
jKoriac, and the coast of California.
But, after a few weeks the slip Ocain arrived, and I shipped on board of her for the
North-west coast again, and after a very
rough passage we arrived safe at New Archangel. Here our captain agreed witjf the
Russian governour to go to Koriactg and
there take a number ofpndians and theiPj
leather canoes, and go to the coast of CMifor~
nia to catch otter, of which we .were to re-
eeive%aie half. NARRATIVE. 77
We had a long passage to Koriac, and very heavy winds. We spent the winter at
this place, having heavy gales and very cold
In the spring we tookfl-20 Indians and 75
canoes on board,and hieing ready for sea,sailed for the coast of California. After a pleasant passagejyve arrivec^l We dispatched
our Indians in their canoes in a. party on
their business.
While on this coast, being short of provisions, we sent a boat on shore on an island io
procure seals ; which we obtained, and also
a great quantity of fowls' eggs. In this place
we discovered a curiosity worthy of noticing
here : it appeared that there had been formerly onthis island a volcano, and where the
eruption broke out and ran into the sea, it
formed an arch about twentv feet hisrh, and
in some places five or six rods wide, and a-
bout half a mile long. It was open towards
the water, and had an aperture at the other
end in the top of the mountain, something
like the top of a chimney. We walked under
this arch on a dry bottom ; and, curious to
see, over head the melted lava had run down
and cooled, and hung in the form of icicles.
We sailed from the bay where we first put
in, to another, and thence to an island.    At
the latter place we saw hundreds of sea ele-
Jim i
phantsof a very uncommon sizjjfe They lay
upon the beach exposedjito the |j|es, by
which meari^numberless reptiies^vere produced in their fie|h||specially on their backs.
While here captain Hudson arrivefl in a
vessepwhich V|§is biiit onjjjpe of the Sandwich islanlls -r an#l being sick, took my discharge from the OeJ|in, with an older online
owners at3|oston for my wages ; and took
passage for the Sandwich islands ;, and after
a long passage arrived at Waohoo. I went
on shoiH and after a few weeks recovered my
health again.
;:;   . CHAP. XIV*   -■ ,r- ;-:'
"Sailing from land tQ||and>
Let stupi# mortals know^
The waves are under God's command^
And all the winds that blow."
A trip to Canton, and Fort yacfaotiM
Capt. Perry arriving in the Iflip Maryland, (which was formerly a sloop of war)
from the coast of Peru, and being bound to
Canton; I entered on board as a passenger,
and embarked!! We arrived at one of|the
Basheeislands,n|habited by Spaiviards,where
we stayed a few weeks, After obtaining sup- NARRATIVE."
plies, we sailed, anl,touched at another is?-
and in the Chinese sea. Here wejoroeured
buffaloe, and other refreshments^ We sailed 'agaip, and after a favorable passage arrived at JMfacao, a Portuguese settlement. Here
we took'a pilot|and proceeded on » but, I left
the Maryland and went to work on board of
the Dorothea ; but at length fell in with an
English Letter of Marque,belonging to Port
: Jackson, captain Camey|and entere<i on
board of her. We sailed and passed through
a strait, where we stoppelflibr refreshment |
and after a long passage we arrived a^New
Holland and came to anchor in Pe>|t JacksolF
While at this place, onellay when at work
v|a the hold.therecame a young man ondeck^
and enquired if there were any Americans,
on board, and was informed of me. He gave
me a call, and after a little conversation I
found he had lived in the neighborhood of
my father,and informed me that my parents,,
and brothers and sisters were recently well^
which was very satisfying to me.
After a while I fell in with an American;
brig belonging to Prov|dence, commanded
by E. H. Corey. In this vessel was an Englishman, that wanted to get into the British
service, and with him I effected a change^
and went on board the American brig. M
UI ne'er on death or <|png(ir th<|lght9
But still kepSfjashing on|||
And thus n|| own cfestruction sought s
From clime to elhpe lifee run^;«
Sail for the Feegee Islands.
On t& first MMa^g, we sailed from
Portjacksor^ and a ftfer a passage of twelve
daysarrjfyed at Tongataboo. While lying
he1§ there c^e two men to us," John Husk,
and Charles l^S^llano^sta^d fbat the
Port-au-prince,an Etiglishpetter of Marque,
had been taken by tl^e savages, and ajf the
hands nfassa||ree||, excepting 21 Jland they
were two oftthe survivors: but the others
were on different islands. These men wanted a passage,and we received them on board.
They also informed us that a chief by the
name of To rid intended tq&rse'on us. Great
numbers of the natives came along s^&^trd
we had a|fprofit|J)Je trade with them for a
number of days.
Ont|p l^h of May, it being calm, we
could not get under weigh, and there came
140 canoes of sayjges ailing side and went to
trading: at length the chief, who had laid
his plans to take us, made his appearance,
and we per miffed him to come on bojrd.
We kept every man to his arms; but soon
one of the Englishmen who knew their signs
and language, told our captain that a signal
was given to attack us ; he asfiSTby whom,
and was told by Torki the cfiief, who was
setting on the taffil rail. The captain then
pointed a pistol at him, at which he fell off
backward, and went on board of his canoe.
At this time I was unwell, but was called
from below by the captain, and directed to
set on the hen coop with a brace of pistols
and a cutlass, and not let my weakness be
observed, for I was hardly abl# to|walk«
The savages were soon dispersed, and we
got immediately under weigh.
At this place we purchased quite a number of canoes to carry to the Feegee islands
io purchase Santle wood. This wood is of
great value in India, and is burnt there before the gods, in lfn offerin^of sweet incense; and the most pleasant fans are made
of it ; the oil of this wood is a perfume, very
delightsome, and is a rich fragrance for furniture. Our voyage to the Feegee islands
was principally to procure this article. We
^touched at a number of islands, and on the
20th of June were nighfthe place towhicfe
we were bound. 82
CHAP. XVI.|-L   .,v
6tTho*tless of danger, all at ease,
We calmly rode upon the seas ;
But in one sudden, fatal hour,
The scenes were changed,;-- all was o'er.
Shipwreck   near the Feegee Islands, and aur
fir^t■getting on shorgMt Nirie.
^Gn the 20thgpf June 1808, being in S. lat.
17, 40 ; E. long. 179, at about eleven o'clock
P. M. the man -who had the look out on
the forecastle,ffleeing brakers but just ahead,
cried out with the greatest vehemence, and
gave uswthe alarm : I then was sick in my
bunk belowr, but with the others I jumped
out;but before we could get on deck the
vessel struck on the rocks. We catched the
axe and cut away the rigging, and the masts
went over the side; and as they fell broke
our whale boat in pieces; but we got the
long boat out and put the money in it, to the
amount of 34000 dollars; the navigating
implements, muskets, a cask of powder and
balls, cutlasses, and some of our clothes : we
also lashed^ two canoes together, and Johii
Husk, and Wm. Brown, went on board of
them to keep them asternlM the long boat
and heading the seas, while the rest of us
went into the long boat, Our fears were
great, that if the vessel went to pieces, we T^
Should be killed by|the timbers. The violence of the swell and the sea running high,
set the canoes a surging, which parted the
line they were made fast with, and they
went adrift, and Husk being an excellent
swimmer, said to Brown I must bid you good
bye and swim to the wreck, and he was seen
no more; but Brown stayed on the canoes
and drifted with them, and fortunately
three days after was drove on the shore of the
island of Booyer, and six months after met
us at Nirie. We lay by the wreck all night
in the long bolt, and when day light appeared in the morning, we saw the island of
Nirie, one of the Feegees, about nine miles
distant from us, and we jtook our two remaining boats and steered for it. The natives
seeing us coming, came down in great numbers with their implemeTHJf ofyar, such as
bows and arrows, spears and liar clubs, and
gave us to understand that they would not
injure us if we would give them what we-llad
in our boats; and on the condition of our
lives being spared, we let them take the
whole. vWhiie the natives were carrying
their spoil up to the village, I being sick was
lagging along behind, when one of them
came up to me, and took off my#hat, in
which was my pocket book which contained
my protection and other papers; but I gave
them to understand that if they would let
me retain my papers, they might freely have
Eiy hat and pocket book; but they topk|g|j|^ S4
papers and rolled them up and putphem thro^
the holes in the rims of their ears and wore
them off. They then took from me niy jacket, trowsers an#; shirt, but I could not see
what they wante|L them for, for they were
all naked, and never wore any clothes of consequence. I now was left naked, but was
not much ashamed, for all are^Kd me were
In the same condition. As I drewjiigh the
village where the officers and the rest of the
crew were gone, and were eating of the produce of the island, I saw a great awkward
ravage have the captain's silk coat, trying to
put it on for a pair of breeches or trowsers 5
I went up to hrm and took and put it on myself, and then took it off and handed it,to
him, and he put it on and wore it off; and,
notwithstanding my situation I could not
but smile for a moment at his ignorance. I
found all my shipmates'in the same naked
Situation with myself. The captain endeavored to encourage us, and told us that he
would try to prevail on the chief to let us
have the long boat; and after about one
week he procured it and starteiPoff with his
two mates, and two others, having first col-
Pcted as much of the money from the savages
as they could, in all  about  6000 dollars.
When they sat off, the captain called us
down to the boat, gave us our charge, and
shook hands with us. He told us that he
was going to the island of Booyer in hopes NARRATIVE.
of finding a ship lying there; and if he did
he would be back in the course of a week and
take us off; he ordered us to- collect what
money we could from the savages, and take
care of it, which we endeavored todo,though
it was attended with considerable difficulty,
for it was scattered extensively among the
ignorant natives.
On parting with the captain, no tongue
can tell my |selings ; J then reflected on my
past conduct, especially in disregarding my
mother, and leaving her as I had done. I
retired to acocoanut tree, and sat down under it and gave vent to a flood of-tears.
Those who went with the captain^ were,
Billy Ellekin chief mate, Seth Barton second
mate, Charles Bowen a son of judge Bo wen
an the Mohawk river and nephew of doctor
Bowen of Providence, and John Holden.
The captain found an American ship at
Booyer, but did not return so soon as was expected, and not until after Ijpas gone from
Nirie. He, however, at length came back,
but succeeded only to bring offers boy. The
savages opposed him, and two of those with
him were killed, and several wounded. He
sailed for Canton, but before he arrived
he put into port in distress, took charge of a
Spanish ship, was cast away and died*
BUI 86
Charles Savage, who was with us when we
first landed in this melancholly place, could
speak the language of this people, and was of
great use to us as an interpreter.
"With melting heart and weeping eyes,
My trembling soul in anguish lies."
A Visit toMBeteger, another of the Feegee Is*
lands, with an Account of the Religion, and
Custt§ns of the People of Feegee.
After we had been a while on the island
of Nirie, a chief from another of the Feegee
islands called Beteger, came to us,and being
much pleased with us, persuaded myself and
one of my shipmates, Noah Steere by name,
to go home with him. We took all the
money we had collected and went. Beteger
lies not far from Nirie, and we arrived there
in a few hours. The people of this pla||£
were very fond of us, and the chief used to
take us over his plantations and shew us his
cane, an% the produce he had growings
While on these islands, some of our company having some pumpkin and watermelon
seeds, and some com, we planted them ; but
before they were ripe, or half grdwn, the ig> ■
norant savages^picked them, and came tons
to know what they should do with them.
We told them that if they had let them a-
lome until they had come to Imaturity, they
would have been a good substitute for bread;
but they said sicinM* that is, ho.
The food of this country is, yams, potatoes, plantainsj| cocoanufs, bananas, taros,
tfreadfruit, human flesh, an inferior kind of
swine which- they raise, &c. The breadfruit grows on trees fifteen or twenty feet
high, and is as large^as our middling sized
pumpkins, and when ripe is yellow. -JThey
pluck it and boil it in pofs made of clay, and
then take out the core, and place it in a kind
of vat fixed in the earth for the purpose; the
women then, intirely naked, tread it down
with their feet; and after putting on some
plantain leaves, cover it with earth. After it
is fermented,they take it outjjbid. make it into a kind of dumplings, called by th%n,mim«»
When cultivating their lands, and in their
other labours, about noon they generally
have a hole dug in the grounds-heated by a
fire made in it ; and after they clean out ti]*f
coals and ashes, they lay in theiplead bodies, human, if they have any for eating, if
|Qot, hogs, and also potatoes and yams. On
these they place a covering of straw, and
then bring on the hot ashes and earth*   Af- w
ter a few hours they take out the flesh, Sec,
and each one receives his share.
Their method of tilling the groundpis by
hand to dig up the earth with sticks sharpened, or levers ; and ther|lwith theirV||andsr
plant yams and potatoes. Plantains,and
bananas are .raised by separating .^and
transplanting the sions each season ; but a-
bout all the other fruits of these islands are
naturally produced by the soil.
These savages are cannibals, and|eat the
bodies of their ownmalefactors,and alljhose
of their prisoner's : ami as they were continually at war with some of the tribes around
themj, and the breach of their own lawrs, in
nearly every case was! punish^H with deaths
they generally had a supply of human flesh.
These wretches also eat vermin of almost
evg§M^escrip^on t arK* if by pulling up a
bush or weed, or^y any other means^they
meet with worms, they are ajfsure and quick
to devour them as dung-hill fowls would be.
One day the wife of a chief,having collected
a number of lice in her hand from the head
of her little son, she beckoned to the chief,
who was at a little distance, to come, and in
his haste to possess himself of his game, he
hurried them too carelessly i|tto his mouth ;
of this, it seems, one of the scampering
rogues some how took the advantage, and NARRATIVE.
made his escape from the grinders down the
lane of the chief's throat, and there taking
his post to good advantage, he unmercw
Jfully choked the poor fellow. Notwith*
standing the agony of the chief, Steere and
myself could not avoid laughing at his noune*
ing ; but this offended him much ; ancjLafter
he had obtained the better of the crueflittle
fellow in his throat, he called fo^his war club
and was about to vent his rage on us for not
being more solemn on soMistressing an occasion. We thought then that the end of our.
days had come sure enough, and began to
look for the fatal blow, which undoubtedly
wouilha\e been given, Had not a young
chief, who was ever a friend to us, interceded in our behalf; by this means our lives
were spared, and we escapedt^l^
Their religion appears to be as follows 5
each tribe has a man, something like a priest,
called RombeUy^ and in the midst of their
villages, they have a large building called
Booree-cuvlow, that is, house of the Spirit,
for the purpose of their religious devotion;
where they worship the sun, moon, and
stars. To this sanetuary||he people retire
every morning, led by *thei£ Rombetty,
whom they follow promiscuously: at the
house they appear very solemn and regular ;
and apparently seriously retire after thek
service isendedt
m 90
In their devotion they have a kind ofs&*
crament, using the root called on the Sandwich islands ava, but angooner in this country. Inghefist place they wash the root
clean, and then chew jflpancjij- put it^ntoa
large plantain leaf^ which is as big as a small
tea taj>le, which they lay mm hole in the
ground, and then pour a small quantity of
water to it, and rinse the substance out. This
liquor the Romhetty serves out in small plan-
pin leaves to his people,and as each one receives it, they all clap their hands and say
mannor angooner, which is rjgurning thanks
to God in theirjway. After partaking of
this they think they arejtiappy, itfeffeet being similar^to that of iaudanjun.
Ilireumcision is a sacred rite among the
natives of Feegee, and they circumcise their
male children when young.
A!f their marriages are made by the parents, when their IJiildxen are in infancy ; at
whirlh time the partiejf gefi together and
have a great feast of the best the country af-
ibrds,a#d partake of the angooner root : and
after the young couple arrive to the age of
maturity they live together. The chief is
a Ho wed e i^h t or | en wi ves if he chuses. A-
dultery is punished with the death of both
the offenders. If the husband expires before
his wife, she is choked to death by putting a
bark around her neck, and twisting it with a hArrative.
Ipck until she is dead, and they are buried
together Ch the same grave; but if the woman
diesfirst^the man is suffered to live unmolested. Aud, if the chief dies, having ten
'wfves, they must all be choked to death and
b u ried w ith IBteS
It is an abomination among them^to
sneeze or break wind, and if one of the lower
class happens to do either, the cry is, armat-
tee, armattee^thzt is, that he might die ; but
if one of the chiefs, or their wives* shcjuld
thus happen to vfe, they say ambuller, ambuU
ler, that is, that he might be vyjell. But, one
morning a wife of a chief being about to
sneeze, she violently seized her nose to prevent it; but as humorous nature was not |g
be baffled in this wny||ffiere was in a different direction not a little disturbance ; at this
comical affair, Steere and myself could not
well keep from laughing a little ; but the
chief was greatly offended, and was about to
kill us immediately for our impudence, but a
young chief interceded for us and we escaped his fury. M
The men of these islands have no other
dress but a strip of cloth about six inches
wide, and six feet long, bro't up between the
legs, and then .passing aroundnthe waist,
with one end hanging down before and the
other behind, called marrar. Their hair
they burn or searf short, and erect in every
direction, dressed with the white ashes,of 92
the bread fruit tree leaveli made into a kind
of paste, and fixed among it.
The dres^Jof the wejSen|Js a band&bout
six inches wille, and long enough to j|fll?a-
rbund the wais^ cj^iousljpworkefl of gftss
and bark of different opours, called leeky.
This they fix around'ftheir Jiiiddle, with a
lock of grass abBut six incfieftlong hanging
down bgifbre. Their head di|§|lp the hair
about six inches long fixedJgrect, scorched or
burned fpthjbrands of fire '0 make if furl and
keep its place rfihey then place the ash-p||te
over the v||pe head|||piich wh^^dry^p«
pears like white ^fr pefwder. jSKSft their
heads thusfixed may not' befppled, fp the
^dressinginjureof when sleepf^^f stick cur-
iouily worked, of the sizffbf a walking staff is
placed about five inche^from tftg ground on
small crotches, and on this they lay their
heads across notlKar from thepback sjde of
one of thejr ealp, wmle the rest of theJ)ody
lies on the ground, straw, or a mat, entirely
These people are well shaped,''and of
comely features in||many instances, their
hair blackandnaturaIiJSstra%ht, and tlieirskin
of a copper colour, exceptiir^ in a single instance we saw one who was white anmng
them, as Steere and myself were walking
out j he was in company with a large collection, and I tfiinking he was an Euroj.eanja&d NARRATIVE
being overjoyed, criedjgut,' How fere your,
shipmate? but the savages broke out in a
great laughter, saying, taw haw, haw haw,
peppa longa Feegee, peppa longa Feegee^that
is, wl|fte man of Feegee. Whether any others were white among them I never knew/
/"Should vengeance still my soul pursue^
Death and destruction I must rue,
Yet mercy can my guilt forgive,
And bid a wretched being live."
My dreadful sufferings at Feegee.
I was in a poor, lingering and debilitated
state of health ; some James I could eat of
the produce ofjjie country, and sometimes I
could notg-jcelish it, and almost starved for
food. ^x would go into the huts and look up
to the baskets which hung on the ridge-pole
of the houses with provisions in them to keep
from the \ erjgaine,--Jook at the chief's wife
and put my hand on my breast and say, sar»
beur conur cooue, whkh is, I am hungry, and
ihe would gi\e a piece of yam or potatoe.
But, one day when we were very hungry, we
took a walk out to get some plaritajns, but
came to a tree on>whieh they were not ripe ;
and in order that we might have some to ea£ 94'
g&nother day, we pulled off a few JJnd bus$ed
thenipn the hot sand to ripen ; but looking
np we saw sending on f.hill, a savage, and
he made at us full speed with his war club 5
.Steeie run, but I being lame had to stay and
take the worst of it: the savage came up and
kicked me over, and kicked me affgr I was
down, and left me for dead ; he then dug up
the plantains and carried and shewed them
|||the chief. But I, recovering, gat up and
went and entered my complaint likewise to
him, hut he also was angry with me and I
could get no redress.
I continued growing weaker until my fee-
ble^limbs could noSonger support me, and
one day in walking out I fell and could not
get up ; atjwhieh the savages called Steere to
my assistance, and he carried me into the
chief's hut. Here I stayed a few days and
fared as they did ; but one day they smelling a noisome scent, laid it to a man, in the
hut, but he denying it,they charged it tome.
The .ejftef then ordered me to be carried out,
and placed in a hut they had built for the
purpose of putting in yams, but it had stood
so long as to be much decayed.
For about five weeks I was unable a considerable part of the time, to go out of this
hut, or even turn myself, and endured more
than possibly can be expressed. All my
bedding was only a hard biab map spread on NARRATIVE.
the ground, on*which, naked and without a-
»y covering I lay. When it rained the water would pour upon me in streams, and the
ground under me become mud, and the w$£-
ter around me be half deep enough to cov#
me.*? In this situation I was often obliged to
lie, being unable to move or help myself.
Night after night without any human being
near me I have spent thus lying in the water
and mud ; while peals on peals of thunder,
seemingly shook the verjr foundations of the
earth, and unremitting streams of lightnings
would seem as though volcanoes were bursting in every direction around me. When
the storms ceased, and the water dried away
from my bed, by day my naked emaciated
body was bitten and stung with numerous
insects, which constantly, on all days, never
ceased to devour me. I was nearly blind
with soreness of eyes, the use of one leg entirely gone, and distressingly ajSicted with
the gravel I which were my principal com-
jjpaints, together with a general weakness
through the whole system, jiff
While lying in tins situation these cannibals would often come and feel of my legs
and tell me, peppa longa sar percolor en deeni,
that is, white marfvou are good to eat. We
had bullock's hides on board .with their horns
on, which the savages had taken, and I used
to tell them if they would leave off eating
their own flesh or human beings^ God wo!|hl 96
send them siiel^^pe as those fides were
taken from febut they said they did not
wantthem,for they .should he afraid oflliem.
The women would also come and. ask me
when I was going to die, and I used tojfll!
them, when the Lord should see fit to %ke
me out of the worldp and they would say if
they were half so sick they should die right
off. 'They^asked me where Iffeame from.;
and I told them from America, a dand away
out of sight:||they then asked me if we lad
any women aii0ngiis^»said yes^ but they
replied sicingi, that as, no.; I then asked
them where they thought we eanie from ;
and they pointed: npilo the sunV and said,
peppd tmga tooronga martinasinge% .that is,
white men are chiefs from the>sun ; flftold
them no, we had wd^ien^^>ur country and
came into the world as||hey did, and that
thftr God was oiu||God, and thatSbne -God
was God over all; but^iey said ourjjGod
was a greatejilGod than their's. After we
iound they believed tha#our JGod was greater frian thlSHs, we ergeavored to make
them afraid^and told tf|em if tbey killed us
our God would be an||y with them, and
they would not conquefttheir enemies,.nbr
'se any thing on their lands.
While confined in my hut the women
would come and examine me, to see if I was
circumcised, and when the^found that I was NARRATIVE.
gplis^hejftwould point their fingers at me
jgirid say I was unclean.    They used to bring
"ipalabashes of water, roll me over, and wash
the mud from my body,  and by my request
stream breast-milk into my eyes to cure them.
That we might not lose our time,or dates,
we kept the day of the week and month thus;
we knew the da^ve were shipwrecked was
th|j20th of June ; we, for then took a spear
of grass, and for every clay tied a knot, aijgL
for every Sunday tiedtwo,one over the other.
By this means we found oul when Christmas
came. On this day I told Steere we must
havesomething better than common to eat j
he then asked me what it could be ? I told
him to go out among the sugar canes, and
knock over one of the chief's fowls, and take
it, and pull up a handful of herbs, and tell
the chief he wanted to make me some tea,
and so borrow a pot of him, and make him
think we wanted itfojthat purpose, while
we should befcooking£he fowl with it. Thus
we had our feast, and felt as well, perhaps, as
many would om£he best dainties in America.
At length my eyes were some better, and
my strength in some small degree restored.
And, one dayjoteere travelling along the
beach, discovered ja canoe handy to be
launched, and h|^informed me of it: I told
him that I ha^amat that we could make a
lug-sail of, and on a favorable hour we would
9 ;" 9%
try to launch thj^cancp and bjLof£   Being
read^ one night Steere came to^meand said,
*'Sam. the savages are all asleep, aiid we will
make an attempt to get away."    He took me
on his back and carried me down tojihe canoe : we^ook a calabash of Jjaier, sof§eyarr||^
breadfruit, and potatoes We attempted tigfl
launch the canoe, jStrtit a log and
partly broke in-two.    We got it off to a reef,
but it leaked so bad as to be partly filled with
water, and we found we must return.    We
had got back near the beach just as the savages were turning out inllhe morning. They
ran and informed the chief, and he came ih a
great rage with his war club to kill us.    We
fell down on our knees and pleaded^his clemency, and the young chief our friend, also
begged that we might be spared, and finally
we were forgiven, and I was returnedfo my
In this situation I lay about three weeks
longer j and, during this lime was awfulhgj
tempted with the devil: he told me that if
I could die, it would be an end to jail, and
sometimes he made me believe it; but at o-
ther times J was of a different opinion, and
attempted to pray, as follows1| O Lord spare
my unprofitable fife, and enable me to get
off this savage island g,and protect me once'*
more over the boisterous ocean to my native
country <; and I will try Jry thy assistance to NARRATIVE.
seek religion, and become what thou wouldst
have me to be.
After this I was moved with the insinuations of satan again,and made to believe that
all would be well with me, if I should then
be dispatched to the world of spirits ; and I
put a piece of bark about my neck, and made
an effort to hang,, myself, but was so weak
that I could not get the bark over the ridge
pole of the house, and was unable to accomplish my awful design.
"In every object here I see,
Something, my heart, that points to thee;
Hard as the rocks that bound the strand,
Unfruitful as the barren sand,
Deep and deceitful as the ocean,
And, like the tides, in constant motion."
Visit Booyer, and return to Nirie.
At length the chief being about to set out
on a journey, with his canoes, to the island
of Booyer, another of the Feegees, Steere
and*myself prevailed on him to let us go with
him ; and we arrived there pn the evening
of the same day, and were kindly received by
the savagely W&
Durih^^^tthere,on^|orriMg a canoe
came tojthis islS^^vith one^ian||ja it, from
one of t§ie nftgh^Bing isfllps, i$ih whorl§
the natives of thi% place %ere af war.    He
was mistrflslted to be a s|i§r, and the. saj^age^
drew tip a^phdhim, and after discojirsing a
%hii^withhim, thlpfbund him to be a ho|S|
tile chief, and with^^ub jave hiffca |||io^
blow oh%he side of his hea^, and broke 1^^
such a degree that h^bra^&ran out at his
ears.    As we knetif the cannibal custom of
these wretches, we told them it was utterly
wrong, andfjthat God wo|j|d be angry^with
them for eating theft felll|rbeings^ and to
gratify us they agreed t6||bury the spy, and
took him away p$Sfessedly for that purpose.
But, aboutMburlpiouis aftelfl wafftafilhe
chief's hu|f|pSid^ piece of this human flesh
rolled up fix a plantain leaf, was sent inpor
the chief's wife, and she eat hv   I told her
what she had been eating||; she denied it at
first, but at length owned that the Sfsh ^as
of the man that I saw killed.
The greediness Irjf these pejbple, and all
cannttalspfbr humanfffies||is astonishingly
greatVffSfad perhaps there is nollevil habtjso
haid to be eradicated as tlfc inhuman olle;
it lias been known, that even after the practice has been renounced, and the persons
christianized, still a lurking tinkering appetite has remained a long time.   |S NARRATIVE.
After being here some weeks, and seeing
no prospect of getting off, the chief of Nirie
Jnrrived, and he persuaded us to go back with
him to his island again.
il was now on the spot where I first landed
from the wreck, and fell in company with
two of my other shipmates, Brown, who
drifted fromthe wreck on the canoes, as is
mentioned before, and a black fellow.
"Hope now revives that I once more,
Shall see my long'd for native shore.
And all the powers of science fail,
The raptures of my soul to tell."
My departure from Nirie, to an American Ship
0gt Booyer. |§g
Seeing no other prospect of relief,we prevailed on the chief to let us have an old canoe that they had condemned, and we patched it up, and consulted with Brown and the
black man, about going to the island of Booyer in search of a ship. John, the black
man, agreed to go, but Brown said the expedition was too dangerous, and should decline going, and he wTent and joined the
chief to whom he had belonged, to assist
m 102
j&jjn figl^his^^tles^|bej^^he^at war*
Some of our mfmw^|so jfhwise, as to go
with thjl natives i^^|^ii:battles|vith uiu^
kets, ai&kilfpiang-of|he Opposite part^
who had l^^er ^^g^Sthem, and plea|ed
th^ir employers muchpSFhey were extremely afrfid of a gun, and sjdom woi^d fire one
themselves,; .ancJ^lien^^^BieyM^i,'the^
would puffi anff at rfie same^i^^ant drop the
pi^jbe ohjfhe groifi||| and sjpiag n|im i^hat
it miB|^pMick thfm over, <|r tu^ itsthurM
^ej|^&ft' them.
Ti^^^mditio^^a whiciiwe obtained the
olcplfhoe, was, a^the cMef expeejed -Jjiat I
mjf|t dip soonSkeere and Jo||n were to take
3na§@/the isla;qdi^ Booj^e^^^^figut me ote
boj|rd of afship wl||ch h£kne^ had gone
th<||:e, and get Jdggps, beadsi scissors, and
whales' teeth, ahp br|§g t|era to him as a
We having on boar^pate^yams, and potatoes, and bein0ready]to depart, the chief
and the savages came down, and b||ught
some angooner, and ^^j^took with jphe|i|
in thej.r sacramgyg^nd th^&ished us good
One of the natives gat into our canoe with
ns and piloted us p^^the^eef, which lay a-
bout one mile anSa half from the shore.  He
ffcen with his war club, which they always
carry with them, jumped overboard and swam
to the shore. This was a^put nine o'clock
in the morning, and we stood on with ib$
trade winds, running about five miles an
hour, and at sunse#We were out of sight of
We run on all that night with fresh breeiff
es and squalls. The next morning we saw a
canoe running down for us, and were much
affrighted. The guy that held our mast
failed, and our sail went overboard ; it was
with difficulty we spliced our guy and got our
mast up again. By this time the canoe with
the natives came up with ds, and they seeing
we were whiteynen cried out, taw haw, haw
haw, peppa longa na wanka matta, that is, the
white men of the ship that \#s broke. ^They
held up some provision that was cooked, and
asked us if we were hungry ? and if we wanted some meat ? We told them no ; for we
were afraid of them, and did not chuseto
have them come on board of us.
We steered on anout two hours Ionger,and
Steere cried out, "Sam. I see a sail, I sea a
sail !" I told him that I guessed it was one
of the savages' double canoes : but he said,
no, for he could see her courses, and her topsails.' My eyes being sore at that time I
could not see far; but after a little while having run on further, I could clearly discover a
**•(■ 104
$aMpyse|f. We strove to make a|iead a$fask
as we could,in order to fall in; wi£|| the vessel
if possible, but she sailed muchpister than
we, and soon lefttrfftt a greater distance in
the rear
B||ng ouffof hopes of coming up wjjh ike
sair|Sphad seen, we looked away to the leeward and saw the land, which proved to be
the island of Booyer. We steered on after
the unknown sail, thinking it would be a
good guide for iis.
The vessel ran round the point of Booyer
on tli|> account of shoal water, j|nd we steei^J
ed acic^^But hadlike to have been upset in
the breakers ; we got over the reef, but soon
lost sight of the vessel, in consequence of the
sun going down ; but we looked away ahead
and saw some mangrove bushes, and took
fhemto be the land ; but when we gatSip to
them and finding them to be bushes, we run
in among them, in order to make the canoe
fast, and lie there all night.
My two shipmates lay crown and went to
sleep, and left me bailing out the water from
the canoe with a calabashshell: obout ten
o'clock I gat the water all out, and being
"weary and sleepy, not having slept any the
night before, I put my hands on my knees
and laid my head in them and fell asleep,.
Ho\V long I slept I know »ot; but when t NARRATIVE.
\ m
awoke the canoe had sunk. My shipmates
awaking, cried out, ^Sam. what did you let
thercanoe sink for?" The roots of the mangrove bushes prevented the canoe from g«-
ing to the bottom. Steere and John climbed up on the bushes, in order to keep out of
the water; but I being lame, and not able to
climb, reached up and took hold of the haul-
yard and pulled myself up; but at the top of
high water, every sea that came, wen$ ovdiy
my head ; between'the seas I was just able
to catch my breath ; and in this situation,
naked and distressed, I hung until morning,
when the tide fell away and left the canoe
bear. We bailed out the water, and hoisted
our sail again.
Hearing the savages talk on the land, we
were greatly alarmed, for fear they would
come on board and rob us, and kill us ; for,
we had on board all the money that we had
collected at Nirie. But, about seven o'clock
in the morning, the tide rose so that thecan-
oe floated again, and we steered on round
the island, in order to find the ship we saw
the day before.
When we had sailed on about one and half
hour, Steere cried out, "Sam. I seethe vessels J" I looked up, and beheld them about
two miles distant, and cast my eyes up to
heaven, and returned hearty thanks, though
at that time I was a poor abandoned sinner.
• 106
We ran on to the^iighest vessel, and it
proved to be the brig favorite of Port Jackson in New Holland, commanded by captain
Camel,who commanded the Letter of Marque
that i went on board of in India, and had
the same chief mate, Arnold Fisk an American, son of Isaac Fisk of Cranston in Rhode
My companions jumped up out of the canoe on board of the vessel; and being so overjoyed to find themselves once more out of
tjie hands of savages, they neglected to tell
the ship's crew that I was lame, and wanted
After being along side in the canoe a few
minutes, one of the sailors looked over
the side of theyyessel, and said, "Shipmate,
why don't you come on board, haven't you
been there long enough without a shirt ?"
^replied that I had lost the use of a limb,
and if 1 got on board I must have assistance.
They immediately rove the man-ropes, and
jumpecMown, and helped me up on board of
the vessel.
I was an object of pity ; the use of onedeg
entirely gone, so weak that I was not able to
stand, and my body burned with the scorching sun in such a manner, that I, was blistered from the crown of my head, to the sole of NARRATIVE.
my feet; even the rims of my ears were blistered.
My shipmates brought me a shirt, and
pair of trowsers : and they brought us a bottle and gave us a drink of grog, aifd a chew
of tobacco. I looked ronnd, and thought if
there was any heaveiffl had got to one, in
being out of the hands of savages, and on
board of an European vessel.
Breakfast being ready, we went down and
eat. We enquired what other two vessels
those were in sight, and were told that one
was the General Wellesley of London ; and
the other, brig Elizabeth of Port Jackson.
We asked them what day of the month it
was, and they told us; we overhauled our
sffiing of nots, and found we were correct
with the exception of one day, which we had
On board I fell in with Wm. Shaddock,
who was cast away with us, and had got on
board of the Favorite before us.
I stayed on board of this brig three days,
when she sailed, and we went on board of
the General Wellesley.
A few days after this, Steere and * John
agreed to take a canoe, with some of the natives of Booyer, and return to Nirie, to buy,
i 108
or collect the remainder of the money of thk.
brig Eliza, the vessel in whichg^e were cast
away, which was^cl^fel among the savages there^For this purpose they took cloths,
khiyes^scissors, beads, axes, chissels, and
pieces of ivory made into the form of whales'
teeth ; but, before they left the vessel,Steere
and $|hn disagreerfjand took each of them a
separate canoe, with a number of the savages," and proceeded on their Voyage, arme%
with muskets, spears, and clubs.
On their passgj^ they fell in with some
hostile &t|ves^o^nother island, in canoes,
and armed wit|f war clubs and spears, with
whom they had a severe skirmish : their design was to possess themselves of the goods
on board*
In the defence, John was. killed with a
spear thrown through his body ; but Steere
opening a brisk fire upon them, they were
soon repulsed, and he went on his way without being further molested.
Steere succeeded in collecting a considerable sum of the money,and returned on board
of the Gegeral Wellesley, and joined Shaddock and myself.
We lay here about seven weeks, when we
sailed round to the other side of the island,
where we fell in with the  ship   T—— of
New York, captain Brlmiey & and we were NARRATIVE.
sent on board of he% with all our money.
The captain having a plenty of provisions,
was willing to receive us, and agreed to carry
us where thelegwas a consul, to be further
provided for. !§
I knowing the boatswain, 'and several of
the hands being men that I had sailed with
before, I advised the boatswain, or some of
the men to take charge of the money in my
care ; but they refused, for fear their chests
would be broken open and robbed. But the
cjaptain took it into, agreeing to give
it up when we should arrive in Canton*
"Adieu, ye cannibals, adieu,.
To happier shores I haste from you ;
O that the pow*r of jight divine,
Into your savage souls may shine."
Sail for China.
We continued on|fboard of the T-
about three months before we sailed ; when.
being ready for sea, we weighed anchor, and
proceeded for Canton.
After a pleasant voyage of six weeks, we
arrived at Macoa, and after getting refresh*
merits, and a pilot on boardJLwe sailed and
came to anchor eighteen miles below Canton.
The ship lay here some months, but capt,
Brumley went immediately up^l^pantoh in
his boat,and here hejlawthe American consul, anS informed him that he had^ftee
men on board, who were shipwrecked on the
Feegees^andntold h|m of the moneyllve had
say|||rarom§the wreck, which was in his possession.
The consffl advised that we and the money should be cgmmittect|o his care, and we
accordingly w&"ej)Iacecl on his handaj and
the money was^eIiverfi;to him. This was
|j July, 1809..^8^T   : ; ^v: r
At first|Ke consul appeared to be unwilling to believe but what I was an English?
man ; but he^was convinced to the contrary,
and used me with great kindness : and, my
heart can never lose a tender affection for
his great goodness to me in my bitter afflict*
m m, m
"For home I see my friends depart;
WhiiejFremain with heavy heart,
And drill through dull & cheerless trains,
Scarce preferable to savage scenes.|
My Shipmates sail for America, and I take a
Cruise with the Chinese against their Enemies.
Steere having the use of his IhnhsJ and
being able to do duty, went on board of the
ship G—, captain Grenville, bound to
Boston, and thus he succeeded to get home ;
but I, being lame, remained on the consul's
hands a number of iponths longer. My other shipmate sailed for New York.
In the course of my stay here, Jfhe Chinese were at wafj, and they employed an Eng-
glish ship, called the Mercury, captain Williams : she was manned out by Europeans,
and the consul put me on board of her as a
gunner's assistant. Being ready for sea, we
sailed; and cruising about the Chinese sea
twentyfour days, fell in with nothing of importance. We returned again, and I was
sent immediately on the consuls hands as be-
After about three wee&s, the Ann and
iW 1 J2
Hope of Prof idence, Rhode Island, agrived
here, captain Daniel Olney commander.
This ship belonged to the same men, that
the brig belonged unto,Ja which I was shipwrecked.
My heart rejcfeed at this circumstance,
and I was very sure in my mind now^ of a
passage home.   #'., , . $jjM    t |p •":
The ship lay *here about six weeks before
shelwas ready for sea &nd, onOmorning asj£T
was sitting in a dociTsmoking, I saw cap|ain
Olney coming along, anqE being told that it
was the last time hewbuW be on shore before
he sailed, I called to him, and asked Sim if
he cG^uld give me a passage home ?j|!RjEt he
answered that Me could not, as he had more
handSi^&an*3ie had provision for already.
This reply wentjo my heart like a naked
ygCHAP. xxiri.S
^Distant regions now farewell,
To my native climes 1 sail:
Blow, ye winds, ye tempests cease,
Heav'n protect me o'er the seas.'
My return to America.
Not long from this, the Baltic of Providence arrived, commanded by captain Jonathan EbornJI he came up to Canton, and the
consul informed him of me, and asked jjtim if
he knew such a person. Captain Eborn came
ancentered into conversation with me, to
find where I belonged, and on his first speaking to me i called him by name, shook hands
with him, and told him who I was,— that I
was an apprentice to him when I was a boy,
and that he was the first man that I' sailed
with. He asked me what my name was ; I
told him, and that I was his apprentice boy
when he sailed out of Providence in Butler's
employ. After recollecting me, he seemed
to be much affected with my misfortunes,
and told me to get ready, and go with him
down to his ship, and he would take me
My joy I cannot describe; I went with
the captain on board of the ship, happy in
10* 114
the prospect of once more seeing my native
country. ||
I found on board a number of hands I was
acquainted with whej^'I was a boy,and I fared uncommonly well, on any thing the ship
afforded. A
AjSength all things being ready, in Janu-
ary,fplO, w| sailed for the Unitedj|tates of
America. After being out a few days, it
was discovered that our provisions were
short, and all hands were put on an allowance, but I fared as well as the others*^
Our passage was favourable ; and, we
touched at a|risland, where we lay a few
if ays, and got a number of turtles, and a few
goats, which were a great help to lengthen
out our provisions.
"Little. Jlo the happy know,
How to feel forsons of wo ;
They have pleasure, flatt'ring peace ;
Strangers unto keen distress.
But, with all their glowing glee,
Never yet these once did see,
Half the pleasure ancttheiliss,
Which does now my heart possess.
I have felt the^adMgrief;
Far from every kind relief $ NARRATIVE.
Naked, sick, alone, and lame,
Far from every tender name :
Now to see a prospect rise,
To behold my native place ;
Gives a pleasure, I believe,
Thousands never can conceive.
None hut those who Jong have known,
Rending sorrow pressing down,
Ever can have power to tell,
Raptures which J now do feel.
Now I sail from regions wild,
Where my nether springs were ehill'd j
Now the winds shall waft me o'er,
To my happy native shore.
I have seen the worlcVabroad,
Plow'd the briny ocean road ;
Now my soul transported chimes,
Happy, happy native climes.
Could Americans but guess,
Half the blessings they possess,
They would view their native clifis,
Crown'd with heaven's highest gifts
Now I hope to see again,
Long estrang'd Fredonia's plain
Mortal tongues can never show,
Pleasures like to those I know." 116
Afteftfftpassage of about five rrloM^ and
a half, from China, roundfitpe Good Hcfeef
we arrived safe at Newport irpRhodeJ®ancl^
We tarried here on% day and thehfpressed
up the river to Providence, and arrived
there on the ninth of jfune.
Thus, after an absence of almost six years,
I once more beheld the land of Fredoniaif,
having seen numerous, distant, and extremef-
ly different regions of this world, with thousands of their inhabitants. The field for reflection, arising ffom but a little acquaintance
with the state of Many snch parts of the
earth is great: how many of our fellow beings, with the exception of speech, scarcely
can be said to be beforepthe beasts of the
wildernfes in impilfyementsj^- naked, un«
eipjlized, and preying on their own flesh.
What a change, when the holy principles of
the religion of Jesus shall possess the hearts
of ail men 2
My return being by cipe Good Hope, with
some others I can say, "I have been round
the world."
The kind attention of captain Eborn to
me, and his bringing me once more to the
place of my nativity, may I ever be grateful
to heaven for; and so long as my heart shall
beat, the name of Eborn will be dear to aie. NARRATIVE.
The hands were discharged, and I was
sent to the hospital, where I expected to be
restored to my health again, ^remained
here a number of days without hearing any
thing of my friends ; but one day sitting in
my door, a man came up and spake to me,
saying, "How fare you Sam V I looked, but
did not know him ; thinking it could be no
one that I had ever sailed with ; but seeing
a scar on his temple, I knew him ; he was
my brother.
Our meeting was quite affecting, and after
ihe first impulse of our passionsj had a little
subsided, my brother informed me that nty
mother was dead, and in her grave, which
excited in me the most cutting and painful reflections, and such as I pray no other one
may ever be suffered to lay a foundation to
My father had gone to the southward to
Charlestown ; my two eldest sisters were
married, and one of them had gone some distance in the country- Hearing of my arrive
al> my brother and youngest |ister had come
to Providence to see me. 218
"Fortune condescends to smile,
Prospects now my woes beguile,
Joy springs up, and hopes revive,
Many a pleasant day to live j
But a sad reverse I know,
Pain and sickness lay me low ;
Yet this cup the Lord did bless,
|jjesus pitied my-dis|ress,
Brought me first hpdove to know,
Gave a taste of heaven below."
A lottery prize, and a severe fit of sickness*
I Continued in the hospital about three
months, bjrt did not recover my health ; I
was unable to work for my support, or eve|t;
I had a small sura of money, and with a
pa^fcof it i bought a ticket in the Smithfieffi
Academy lottery, which in autumn drew a
prize of five hundred dollars : 1 then made a
contract with A. Waterman to hard with
him two years, and went and lived at his
house in Smithfield.
In the latter part of this time^I wnt to
Boston, and was in the hospital there fifteen
weeks, under the care of skillful physicians*
hoping to gain the use of my limbs 5 or, if WARRATIVE.
possible, to obtain some help from medical
skill ; but 1 received no benefit, and returned to Waterman's again.
Late in anffrmn, 1812$I went into the
Archright Factory in Cranston, hoping to
beableto/io a little something to save my
prize money, be comfortable and out of idleness.
I continued here until the latter part of
February, 1813, but was able to do no more
than merely earn my board.
While in this factory I had to walk to my
board two or three hundred yards over a
Ifridge, daily, an#in all weathers ; thus go-
mg from a warm stove into the cold, chilly,
and wet weather, and then returning, muel$.
fatigued, was very prejudicial to my health^
I took a bad cold, and was taken down with
a fever ; and on one of my hips a large and
painfuLsore gathered, by some, called a carbuncle, or thistelo. My sufferings were extreme, and it was considered impossible fop
nie to survW<£; preparations were made to
dress me for the grave, the house appointed
for all the living, and at one time it was
thought that my spiift had departed. With
this distressing illness I was confined fifteen
weeks, before I was restored to something
like my former feeble state of health. But,
notwithstanding, the extremity of this sick- /gfess, it wjjjfc, undoubtedly, blessed for the
greatest good to my precious soul 5 and was
closely connected with the greatest mercy of
heavep to me.
The greatest afflictions wdrich we meet
wMppare often productive of the greatest
blessings whiej| we experience. SiekneJI is
one of the means|rhich God of0n makes use
of, to bring skills to the knowledge OfBhis son
Jesus Christ, indeed,.ti^ppea4^ha% nothing but some deep|fistres|§ and;flha"i?re-
peatedly, will bring some people to consideration ; and that their souls may not l>j^|p%
he suffers the sorrows of death to get hold of
them. AnctSuch sorrows, even the deepest
troubles, when sanctified, aielfar betlbr for
11s, then all the pleasant things of this ^orld,
if>|f|nth an unthankful heart w|^re||uflered
® possess the tender mercies of heat|$n.
Whatever, as means* effects our burning to
God, we l^tild bless his name unfeighedly
for, and always, in whatever conditiorf|bf
existence we ma^e in, use our utmost endeavour to learn to resign^St 'RARRATIVE-.
"Lord, obediently Fllgo,
Gladly leaving all below ;
Only thou my leader be,
Jesus, I would follow thee.
Long I've urg'd a wretched course,
Straying farther, growing worse ;
From my childhood to this day,
I have press'd the downward way.
Thus I still had rush'd along,
Harden'd 'with the giddy throng,
Had notiGod,' in sore distress,
how'd the misery of my case.
My Christian Experience.
In giving the account of the work of grace
on my poor immortal soul, it will be necessaW
ry to go back ; and some things may here be
mentioned, which have been touched upon
in the precedingehapters.
It possibly may be the case, that the relation of my conversion from the kingdom of
darkness, may not, in some particulars, correspond with the experience of every one,
who are real christians: it is my opinion
that scarcely any two give exactly the same
account on every point; but in this, I think,
all agree, all can say, who love our Lord Jesus Christ, i{One thing I know, that, whereas
m 22
I was blind, now I see." We may be led
different means, but every child of God is led
through Christ to him ; and^pBJ; who know
that their Redeemer lives, knoffrddiat they
once were dead in tresspasses and in sins^l^
that they were saved by the free grace of
God in ChMst.
I shall endeavofl to give an ungarnished
statement of the mercy which God for
Chrifjfs safe alone, has had on me a,perching sinner. My greatest deife is, that God
may be glorified j.and, for this end, 1 would
speak of his goodness, to the children of
And, kind readeifwho ever thou art,while
you are here beholding wl^t the Lord has
done for me, remember the words of Christ
%® Nicodemus, when he said unto him "Exp
cept a man be born again, he cannot see the
kingdom of God.5' This is a subject of the
first and the most momentous importance for
every one to attend unto.
But, to proceed. At the time when I
was sick at Havannah with the yellow fever9
being about seventeen years of age, my sins
were brought like mountains before me, and
I verily believedTOat if T died in the state
that I thenjgiewed myself to be in, I must
be forever miserable* I made the Lord many promises, that if he would raise me up a«
gain, and restore my health,by Jhe assistance
of his grace, I would lead a new life ; and
the Lord looked in mercy upon me, heard
my cry, and granted my request. But, alas I
soon were all my promises broken.
My repentance was like to the morning
cloucl, and early dew,, which soon do disappear, too common for sick beds. Was it not
for the longsuffering goodness, and the forbearance of heaven, what would become of
the poor soul that can trifle with his promises
to Almighty God ?
I went on ; when in gales of wind, or any
peculiar danger, I still made fair promises.,
till I had so many times broken them, that I
was actually afraid to make any further engagements.
At length when shipwrecked among cannibals, stripped of all my clothes, naked, and
exposed to rays of the burning sun by day,
and chilling dews by night; sick, hungry,
faint, and helpless, I again renewed my vows
to God, and once more promised, that if he
would spare my unprofitable life, and protect me over the boisterous ocean to my native land, I would seek and serve the Lord
in faithfulness. I was so ignorant of GoO,
and rayself,as not to think that he was every
where present, and that I could serve him
there as well as at home.
fj 124
The Le|d was pleased, in tender mercy*
to spare my lUe, arid bring me to see my beloved native country again. At Providence*
when my shipmates carried mefflrshore, and
helped me on to the wharf, I there on my
fcneesJbr a short space lifted up my heart in
thanks to God.
My heart being unrenewed, I had not a
porper sense of God's mercies, and the obligations I was laid under for all his benefits
to mes. I still went astraj|| The promises I
made when amongjlhe savages, I soon forgot, and pursued the slippery paths of sin.
While I continued at Providence, there
was a great reformation at Bristol, where I
frequently visited, fpud attended meetings
I heard the converts express their joys, and
relate their experiences, and my mind was
again arrested by the Mighty Spirit of God ;
but, to my sorrow,. I grieved-the Heavenly
Dove by still continuing in ungodly company, and pursuing wrong practices.
At length, in my distressing sickness, occasioned §|i the cold which I took at the
Archright. factoryp my sins again were
brought like mountains before me and 1 was
brought to a realizing sense that L-stoodon
slippery r^cks, while fiery billows roli'd be«*
nelth.   My pain of body and soul was h> NARRATIVE.
expressible, and seemed impossible to be endured.
Here suffer me to remind my kind reader,
how extremely improper? and dangerous it
appeared to me to put off and delay a preparation for death, till we are laid upon a bed
of languishing sickness ; and have we not
reason to fear-, that this is the case with a
great many ? While in health and prosperity, they put faraway the evil day, and when
sickness and distress come upon them, and
death, the king of terrors stares them in the
face, the great concerns of the soul, like
mountains of lead roll upon them : this is often too powerful for the.strength of the wellj
and how poorly circumstanced is the sick,
and dying sinner, to endure the pangs of
pungent conviction! then the arrows of the
Almighty are within them,the poison whereof drinketh up their spirits: the terrors of
God do set themselves in array against
them. |§|    i||
Again my former promises were brought
clearly to my view ; and though I knew it
was in the power of God, to snatch such a
rebel as I, from eternal burnings; yet I
could not think the blessed God would condescend to have mercy on me, who had so many times made vows and promises, and as
often broke them.
wl 126
While in the midst of my distress, both of
soul and body, one morning a pious and
godly woman, Mrs. Potter by name, (since
dead,) came to visit me, and as she opened
the door and came in she called me by name,
and asked hew I did %§|. answered that I was
very poorly. She replied, ui perceive it,and
I do not think you are long for this world."
I told Mrs. Potter that I thought I could
not continue long in the condition I was
then in. She then asked me if I wished her
to pray with me ? My heart being too full to
answer in words, I expressed my willingness
by a sign with my head.
This holy anct|humble daughter of Abraham kneeled down by the side of my bed^
and with uplifted han|!s and heart, she prayed in good earnest for me : it reafly appeared
as though she had power.with God anil that
in her wrestling, like Jacob, she prevailecJlin
my beh ally
After this she gave me some exhortation,
and promised to visit me again ; which she
often did during my sickness, to my great
comfort and satisfaction.
To visit the sick is. a religious duty, clearly
set forth' in the word of God, and when properly performed, is often blessed,both to the
sick and the well.   When low, pained and NARRATIVE.
confined, the presence of a fiend may be
strictly considered according to the words of
the wise man, when he sarfth, "Iron sharp-
eneth iron : so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend." Those who have
been confined, know the satisfaction of a visit from a cheerful and.pious friend ; it seems
to bind up their wounds, and heal their sorrows.
The visits of God's people to the sick, especially to the suffering sheep of the flock of
Christ, he receives as being done to himself.
A little advice and prayer on such occasions,
if regulated by prudence, should always be
attended to, excepting in some peculiar
eases, which very seldom occur.
On the same day that Mrs. Potter visited
me, rev. Benjamin Sabin called to see me,and
after having some conversation with me respecting the state of my rnind* he read, and
explained on, the twentieth chapter of the
gospel written by St. Matthew, and this
gave me to understand that there was a fullness in God to save me, though I eame in at
the eleventh hour. It now being necessary
for him to depart,he prayed with and for me,
and gave me the parting hand.
The next day Mr. Davis called to see me9
and after conversing, and praying with me3
he sung the following      W$ wm
|||■■   :\-fv;;|HYMN.       ;  :; -^^K ••■
Why should we start and fear to die !
What tim'rous wjpiis we mortals are !
Death is the gate to endless joy, J
And yet we dreadfp enter there.
The pains, the groans, the d^ng strife,
Fright our approaching souls away,
And we shrink back again to life,
Fond of our prisonjuid ggn|£lay.
O if my Lord would come and^neet, "m
My s|jul would stretch her wings in halite.
Fly fearlessffchrough death's iron gate.
Nor feel the terrors%s she pasfE
Jesulean make a dy^ig bid,
Feel soft ^s downy pillars are,
Whi^ on his breast, J lean my head,
And breathe my life out speetly there.
He gave me to understand, that I must
pray for myself; but it really appeared to me
that I was such a sinner that if I attempted
to pray, my prayers would not reach higher
than my head.
After he left me, I^emained without any
essential alteration three or four days: till
at length, on the twentyninth jof March9
1813, while lying and meditating on death? NARRATIVE.
Judgment and eternity, and so weak in body
that 1 could scarcely be heard from my bed
room to the kitchen, the Lord broke in upon
me with the light of his reconciled countenance, and swept my load^of guilt away. My
strength was so renewed, as that 1 could
shout the high praisesuof God ; the neighbors heard my triumphs of joy, and flocked
in to behold a wonder of mercy.
Some appeared to have but alight opinion
of my raptures, and bade me be.stif|.; but I
exhorted them to seek the Lord while he
might be found, and to call upon him
while he is near. Like Bartimeus ! I cried
but the louder, or with the more zeal, for
the objections against me.
The elements seemed to be changed, and
this passage of scripture caaie fresh in my
mind, viz, u Ask, audit shall be given you,
seek and ye shall find ; knock and it shall be
opened unto you : for every one that asketh,
receiveth : and he that seeketh, findeth :
and to him that knocketh,it shall be opened."
It appeared to me that there was a fullness
in Christ enough to save a lost and perishing
world of mankind ; and if any were cast oi?
at the great day of accounts, when all must
appear before the tribunal bar ofilGod to
give an account of the deeds done in the body, the Warne must eventually be on their
HI 139
own shoulders. It appeared that God had
so laid the plan of salvation, that it was free,
and all that would come, might come and partake of the water of life freely.
I felt at this time such a resignation to the
will of God, that I dared not pray to be restored to my former heafth, nor to be taken
away ; but my prayer was, O Lord, not my
will, but thine be done.
I remained much in this state until the
22d of May following, in which time I re-
coverd my health so far, as that by the grace
of God, I went forward in the ordinance of
baptism, administered by rev. J. Winch, and
made a publick profession of religion.
To make a publick profession of the christian religion, is a solemn thing, and never
will be an honour and ornament to me, unless
I adorn that. I am not insensible of my
need of daily assistance to live to||the glory
of God. And may the Lord, enable me to
overcome every besetting sin, and to work
out my salvation with fear and trembling.
I have lost the days of my youth and vigour, in the service of the enemy of souls, and
now I have but a poor palsied body to render as a living sacrifice to God. Hew just
it would have been, had 1 been left to perish
in my sins, but how unsearchable are the NARRATIVE.
riches of Christ! and as a brand plucked
from the fire, may I but live a life always
governed by his holy and blessed precepts.
Bat should it ever be suffered to be the
case, that I should come short too often, yet
never may any be so unwise, as from such
an unhappy,circumstance, to think true religion not of divine origin, nor of the greatest
importance. g&
"God of my life on thee I call,
And humbly at thy feet I fall.
When the great waterfloods prevail,
Leave not my trembling heart to fail.
The billows swell, the winds are high,
Clouds overcast my wintery sky ;
Out of the depths to thee I call,
i* My fears are great, my strength is small.
Does not thy sacred word proclaim
Salvation free in Jesus'name ?
To him I look and humbly cry,
O Lord protect when danger's nigh.
Amidst the roaring of the sea
My soul still hangs her hopes on thee*
Thy constant love, thy tender care,
Is all that saves me from despair.
Dangers of every shape and name
Attend the followers of the Lamb,
. 132
* »
Miff© leave the world's deceitful shore
And leav^&o. return nomorel|
Though tempest-toss'd andhalf aft reck,
My Sayiolir through the floods I seek,
Let neither winds n§t stormy pain
Force liack my shattered bark again.
Frien|!?of the tieiedy, unto thee
I eveffwili direct my plea ;
Does not thy word still fix'd remain,
That^none^shali seek thy face in vain."
That were a grief I could not bear,
Didst thou not hear and answer prayer j
But a pra} erlieaffbg, answering God
Supports me under every load." ^AERA'T-IV'Ee
^Checker'd are the scenes of life,
Now we've joy, anon have griefs
Vanity of vanities,
Mingles with all earthly joys.
rGroaning here beneath our load.
Rest alone we find in God,
Sick or. weary, poor or faint,
Christ can happify the saint.
Those who once the Lord have known,
Cannot rest when he is gone,
Nor can any have his peace,
But resigning all for grace."
A few Occurrences, and Conclusion.
Being again able to be abroad, under seii*
ous disadvantages,! found it necessary to endeavour to exercise what little prudence and
economy 1 possessed, to live without being
a burden to my friends. My health was such
as that I could not do any work of conse-
queitce for my support; and the probability
is, that 1 shall continue almost a helpless
cripple through life. The use of one of my
legs is so gone, as that there, is no prospect
of my ever having it restored to me again.
Through the expense of my sickness, and
other means, my money began to run short,
and I spent the summer of 1813, and a part
tt; Ite
* u
of the autumn following, among my friends
and relations ;^ind late in the fall I went to
a sister's in Thompson,  where I spent the
In the spring of 1814, I went to Bristol,
and went to school about six months.
My palsied, leg being like a dead weight a-
bout me, and all hopes being given up of its
recovery, about this time a skillful surgeon
of Providence, advised me to have it amputated, believing it would be mucJ^por my
comfort and benefit. Accordingly a number
6f my friends contributed about twenty dollars for the purpose ; but, not being able to
procure enough more for the expense, I
gave up the idea.
l||l called on those who had given for amputation, and told them that f was obliged to
relinquish the proposed operation for the
want of more money, and offered to return
them what 1 had received,but no one would
accept of it again, and I retained it for other
Late in autumn of this year,   I visited in
the country, and in the winter following (pf
turned to Bristol, and in the spring of 1815s
went to work with a sailaiaker, where I
$ould busy myself a little. NARRATIVE.
About this time, at Bristol, I took passage
on board the brig Friendship, for Martinico.
I made this voyage for the benefit of my
health, which was in some small degree relieved, but my lameness continued as before.
On this voyage I carried a little property,
sometimes called a venture, to make some
advance upon ; but the market being uncommonly supplied, it was rather of a disadvantage to me.
The following winter I spent at Gloucester, living with a brother ancfgoing to school.
The spring and summer of 181€>, I spent a-
mong my friends and acquaintance until July, when I visited my twin-sister,married and
living in Cheshire, whom I had not seen for
about fifteen years. jg|
Arrangements being now made for the
publishing my narrative, it occasioned me a
number of journeys to different parts of New
England. The subscriptions, and assistance which I have liberally received from
many, and of the first characters, I feel a
gratitude for,and would respectfully acknowledge.
All classes of people have been exceeding
kind to me in my affliction, scarcely a heart,
©r hand has been shut against me, but have
mm Ml
administered to my necessities, as opportune
ties have presented.
The last winter, of 1816-17, I have boarded at Cheshire, hi the family of my sister;
bht now, like a pilgrim, I have neither hous
nofeome ;- butrwould, in the best way that
providence shall present, like a dependant
creature on God, seek a subsistence among
my fellow beings,
Thus the reader has seen the run of the
events of niy life,and has had a brief account
of the variated scenes experienced by an unfortunate mail.
I have not a wish to justify any thini
wrong in any part of my life ; but have abun»
dant reason to be humble before God and
Mian, for much which surely has been improper at many times. When I was young, I
was suffered too much to ramble at my own
pleasure, as can never but be injurious to
youth -r and it is my sincere advice to child*
ren, not to tl|ink they are men, when young,
and knowing hut a little of the world.
Much will it be for the happiness of the rising generation, to be regulated by their superiors, taking advice from those who are
older than they.
Children may think it a hardship to be re*
strained, but for the want of it,in them is of* NARRATIVE.
ten laid a foundation for the worst of evils in
riper years.
I warn children to honour and comfort
their parents, that it may be well with them:
the tears of parents, wrung out by the disobedience of ungodly children, are bottled in
heaven ; and in repentance, or deep affliction, will cause floods, with great bitterness,
to flow from the^yes of those who are so a-
bandoned as to thus abuse the means of their
Because parents may be poor, and not respectable in every particular, is no excuse for
children to slight them. If they are poor,
they may be virtuous, and their poverty but
makes it the more necessary for them to be
comforted by their beloved offspring; if
they are not so honourable as could be wished, the vices of their children will sink them
the deeper indisrespectabiiity.
There is no excuse for children not to possess a filial heart. Abuse, and neglect of
parents is a crime ranking with those of the
first magnitude.
What would I not give that I could but
once more see my mother in this world* that
I might unfold the feelings of my heart to
her. I hope all will forgive the foibles of
my youth ,and also all my errors of older life*
12* 138
Brother SAILORS^Jfrom my youth I
hafe been acquainted with your avocation °9
I have realized your pleasures, and your
fears and sorrows ; I have seen something of
your successes, but much of the .misfortune
incident to a seaman's life. The dangers
of the seas are many, bat those who remain
upon our happy shores are not their own
keepers y wdiether on land, or on theboister-
cMsoeean, God alone can keep us safely. He
that rides upon the stormy skies, and thunders Jjdien he pleases, can calm the raging
roaring waters. His wonders are to be seen
injhe deep, and men of your profession are
highly privileged with the voice of God in
his; protjpdence. Seeing then your depend-*
ancejpn G^d,aj|d the greatness of his power^
be persuaded by the love which I have for
yo% and your dearest peace, to fear his
name. May you never be so imprudent as
to lightly use his great and terrible name \
for he will not hold him guiltless that taketh
his name in vain. Is it not too often the
case, that Mrhat is called swearljlg, becomes
like a second nature with some of you 1 On
one hour, while pleasantly riding on the ocean, the most inconsistent oaths are heard ;
on the next,when death and destruction rise
in dreadful forms, that same tongue, which
was just before blaspheming the God of heaven, now in the bitterest cries, is beseeching
the same God for help ; my affection ate bro-
thcrsj these things ought not so to be* NARRATIVE.
Profane swearing is an evil of all others,
one that can afford a reflecting person the
least fancied satisfaction. It is also inconsistent with the gentleman and so important
a part of the community as you are, and never fails in any one of whatever rank, to let
his reputation down to the dust, in the
minds of all good and considerate men. It
has such an unreasonable appearance, for a-
ny mortal, who must drop his body for
worms to eat up or to be otherwise consumed,
and whose immortal spirit must fall disembodied into the hands of Almighty God, not
to reverence him with the most respectful
language, that whosoever can trifle with his
name, ought injustice to sink into the lowest contempt among rational beings, that any
creature in this world can be hurled into by
the united disdain of all mankind.
But, dear sirs, I am not a stranger to the
power of habit, I do not say the power of
temptation ; for I cannot see any thing a-
mong beings of sense, that can be originated
by them, that can tempt a dying creature to
swear; but the habit is so powerful, and sa-
tan who ever is your enemy, is so ready at
your elbow, that without exertion, you will
most likely continue in the use of this bane
of civilized society, till your tongue is silenced by death. Then make the attempt, try
to break the charm, it can be overcome. 1 Patterson's |||
Swearing is but the scum of depravity, ov*
erflowingf rout the rising of fche heart against
our Maker, and must always leavela sting behind when ever reflection takes place.
If you would overcome this foolish and insipid sin, avoid those things which will
have a natural tendency to excite it. fHatan
well knows that this is a God provoking and
Heaven daring crime, and that the MOST
HIGH will make a signal display of his
wrath against it. Hence you may expect
that the enemy of mankind will be ever laying the most fatal snares to entangle you in
this wickedness. |||
I know of nothing that so readily introduces this sin as intemperance. J|If you would
■Sigofcl this damning vortex, be temperate in
the use of ardent spirits. When the natural
spirits of life are not enflamed by strong
drink, it is impossible for the enemy to obtain that advantage over you, as he may
with ease when you have not been careful
to keep out of his snare. Guard against every thing that may disturb the peace of a
happy sailor. Love and reverence God,
whois always good to you ; have an affection for your fellow men ; and that you may
be excited to this, becoinewell acquainted
With the HOLY l^IBLE ; this book shews
us the great-mercy of God unto us, and un-
yeils our obligations to each other, and if we NARRATIVE*
take it for our guide, we shall love and adore
our heavenly parent, and regard all his people as children of the same family.
You are a numerous and respectable part
of our fellow citizens; your calling i^ of great
consequence to the world; without your
services America could not maintain her tide
of national glory ; and as is your importance*
so may your happiness be.
May you truly become the subjects of the
kingdom of heaven, and exercise all the
graces of true religion ; may your rights be
ever protected, until you have crossed the
narrow sea of life, and are safe, and forever
blessed on the blissful shores of immortality*
I will now close in. a song composed for my
YE sons of the main that
Sail over the flood,
Whose sins are high mountains
That reach up to God,
Remember the shjjiffi- voy'ge
Of life soonwilf^nd;
O come brother sailor
Make Jesus your friend. 142
Look a-stern on your life see
Your way mark'd with sin ;
Look a-head see what torments
You'll soon founder in ;
The hard rock of death will
Soon beat out your keel ?
Your vessel and cargo
Will all sink to hell.
Lay by your old compass,
'Twill do you no good,
It ne'er will direct you
The right way to God 5
Minalyourhelm brother sailor
And don't fall asleep,
Pray and watch night and day Ies1
You sink in the deep.
Spring aloft brother sailor
The breeze now is fair;
Trim your sails to the wind and
Those torments you'll clear |
Your leading stir Jesus J
Keep full in your view,
And you'll weather the dangers,
He'll guide you safe through.
Remember th' old captain
The devil straightway,
The crew that you saifd wii Will lead you astray $
Bepart their black colours,
Come under the red,
Where Jesus is captain,
To conquest be led.
His standard unfurPd see,
It waves through the air,
Volunteers are a coming
From far off and near ^
Now is the time brother sailor
No longer delay,
Embark now with Jesus,
Gaod wages he'll pay.
The bounty he'll give when
The voyage doth begin,
Is justification
And freedom from sin :
Good wages he'll give while
You sail on the way,
And at length you will anchor
In heaven's broad bay.
In the regions ofedory
Forever you'll ride,
Free from quick-sands and dangers
And sins* heavy tide : ||
The waves of temptations
Will cease there to roar, U4
Patterson's, &c,
And the hoarse breath of boreas
• Dismast thee no more.
Tour tarpawl and watchcoat
No longer you'll wear,
But robes of bright glory
All shining and fair ;
A crown on thy head that
Will dazzle the sun,
And from glory to glory
Eternally run.
FINIS.  *r
m v.v EF" i 11*;
HI ;■


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