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Bulletin of the Natural History Society of British Columbia Natural History Society of British Columbia 1893

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Array       
BULLETIN
OF   THE
NATURAL  HISTORY   SOCIETY
OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
VICTORIA, B. C. :
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's
Most Excellent Majesty.
1893.  BULLETIN
OP THE
NATURAL   HISTORY  SOCIETY
OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA
-o
CONTENTS.
Art. I—Preliminary List of the Mammals of British Columbia.
By John Fannin.
Art. 11 -Notes on the occurrence of new and rare fish in British
Columbia.
By Ashdown H. Green.
Art. Ill- -Report on the Entomology of British Columbia.
By W. H. Danby and C. De B. Green.
Art. IV- -List of Crustacea (Brachyura and part of A.nomura) in
the Provincial Museum of B. C, with notes on their
distribution.
By C. F. Newcombe, M.D.
Art. V- -Report on the Marine Shells of British Columbia.
By C. F. Newcombe, M.D.  Art. I.
PRELIMINARY LIST
OF THE
MAMMALS OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
-CD-
It will be seen that in the following list nearly all the smaller
Mammals are left out, for the very good reason that sufficient material
is not on hand whereby to speak from, and perhaps the best excuse
I have to offer for publishing a list is to show just what is wanted to
make a more satisfactory one. We know that the number of small
Mammals in British Columbia is far from insignificant, but just what
sjoecies we have, and as to their distribution and relative abundance we
are with respect to many of them, entirely ignorant. It is therefore
desirable that collecting in this direction be prosecuted more earnestly
by members of the Society and others interested in the natural
history of the Province. *
| Full directions and material for preparing and preserving specimens will ba furnished free
by the Museum.—J. ¥
American Elk,  "Wapiti."  Ccrvus canadensis.
Erxleben.)
At one time distributed over the southern portion of the mainland,
now extinct tkeie. Still tolerably abundant on Vancouver Island,
chiefly through the interior, West Coast, Comox district and to the
northward.
* Woodland Caribou.    Rangifer caribou.    (Kerr.)
Through the interior of the mainland fiomthe Columbia River to
the northern limits or the Province. Abundant in many places
throughout this range.
Moo
SE.
±lct
; (/niericanus.
Jard
n.
Confined almost entirely to the Arctic slope of the Province, Peace
River and Cassiar. Has been taken on the Pacific side in the
neighbourhood of Fort George.
* Reports have reached me on several occasions of the existence of Caribou on
Graham Island, Queen Charlotte group. Mr. James King while exploring there
this year came upon the tracks of what he took to be Elk, and Mr. William Charles
of this City, has the head of a Caribou which the Indians say was killed of
Graham Island. If either species are to be found there, it is strange the fact is
not better koown. pTati" ra L    1 TlSTORY
Black-Tailed Deer.    Cariacus cobnnljianiis.
West of the Cascades from Washington to Alaska, including all the
larger Islands except the Queen Charlotte Croup.    Abundant.
Mule Deer.    Ca/riacus macrotis.
Mainland, east of and including the Cascade mountains from
Kootenay to Chilcotin, and ranging into the wooded portions of the
Cariboo district.    Very abundant.
White-Tailed Deer.    "Common Deer."    Cariacus virginianus.
Confined to the southern portion of the Province, east of the
Cascades.    Okanagan and Kootenay.
Antelope Goat.    "White Goat."    Mazamq montana,
Found on nearly all the mountains of the mainland, its abundance
centering along the summit of the Coast range.    Very abundant.
Bighorn.    ••Mountain Sheep.
Ovii
s canadensis.
(Shaw.)
The mountains of the mainland, except the Coast range, from
Kootenay to Cassiar, Similkameen, Bridge Biver and Chilcotin.
Abundant.
Flying Squirrel.    Sriaropteris oregonensis.
The mainland at large.    Nowhere common.
Richardson's Chickaree.    (Squirrel
I'icliardsoni.
Interior of the mainland.    Abundant.
Sciuvus hudsonms
Douglass's Chickaree.    Sevurus hudsomus douglassi.
Mainland west of the Cascades.    Common.
Vancouver Chickaree.    Sci/urus hudsondus vancouverensis.
Vancouver Island.   Common.
Townsend's Chipmunk.    Ta/mias townsendii.
Vancouver Island, and the mainland west of the Cascades. of  British  Columbia.
0
Columbia Chipmunk.    Tamias quadrwittatus affinis.    (Allen.)
| he mainland east of the Cascades.
Parry's Marmot.    SpevmopMlus.    (Sp.fi
Southern portion of the mainland easf of the Cascades.
Hoary Marmot.    Arctomys caligatus.
The Mainland and Island.    Abundant.
Yellow-Footed Marmot.    Aictomys.    (Sp. 1
One specimen taken at Alberni by Mr. Frank McQuillan, September
1893, and presented to the Museum.
Sewellel,    "Showl't."    Aplodontia rnfa.
Taken by J. K. Lord at Chilliwhack, in 1860. I have never seen
it, and the people living there now of whom I have enquired know
nothing about it. It has been reported from other pDrtions ot the
Province but no specimens to my knowledge have been taken.
Be aver.    Castor fiber.
At one time distributed throughout the greater portion of the
Province, now fast disappearing except in the unsettled districts,
where it is still fairly abundant. Not uncommon on Vancouver
Island.
Musk Bat.    Fiber zihethicus.
Mainland east and west of Cascades.    Tolerably common.
Porcupine.    Erethizon epixantlius.
The mainland at large.    Tolerably common.
Little Chief Hare.    Lagomys princess.
The mainland chiefly in the interior.    Abundant.
Northern Hare.    Lepus americanus.
Interior of the mainland and northward to the boundaries of the
Province.    Abundant.
/] 6
Is ati ral History
Western Varying Hare.    L. a,mnicctnus washinqtoni,
West of the Cascades.
Oregon Gopher.    Thouioinys t<il'j><>tdes doagl<ix*i.
Southern portion of the mainland east of the Cascades.
P
\XTH1
cr, ••Puma," "M
or nt a
in Lion," "C
wU()UGA
r.     f i'lts concoi<>i'
This animal is said to range as far north as the 60th degree, but I
have no record of its occurrence in British Columbia above the 52nd deg
It is very rare anywhere in the interior of the mainland. It is tolerably
common west of the Cascades, but its centre of abundance seems to
be on Vancouver Island, where it appears to hold its own notwith
standing the numbers killed annually.
Canada Lynx,    %ynx cctnadt tisis.
The mainland at large. Abundant in northern portions of the
Province.    Bare on the coast.   .
Red Oat.    "Wild 02&.?3    Lynxfas<'i<ifns,
The mainland west of the Cascades.    Tolerably common.
(tray  Wolf. ■   (Huts occvdentctlis.
The Province at large. Common along the coast and some portions
of Vancouver Island. A black variety ot this animal is also found
both on the Island and Mainland.
Cayote.    "Prairie Wolf."    Canis latrans.
Open country east of the Cascades. Sometimes straggling well
into the wooded portions of the Cariboo district. Tolerably common.
I
) V ox,
I louves TivZwus,
With its colour phases, "Black," "Silver Gray," and "Cross."
The mainland east of the Cascades and ranging northward to tha
boundaries of the Province.    Nowhere abundant.
Black  I'ear.
/ vs'ios g a' en can n>s.
Common along the coast and throughout the wooded districts ot
the mainland, Vancouver and Queen Charlotte Islands. of British Columbia.
Grizzly Bear.     Ursa* hombilis.f
Confined to the mainland, where it ranges sparingly over its entire
length and breadth. It is probably more abundant on the northern
coast than anywhere in the interior.
Note.—It has been conceded that a revision nf the large bears of
temperate North America is needed, and a competent naturalist at
Washington has been entrusted with the work of such revision,
Until the result of his labours has been made known it will not be
safe to say just what particular species occur in British Columbia, or
whether we have more than one. It may be possible that hybridism
has something to do with the variety of colors t'ouud on the mainland.
Baccoon.    Procyon lotor.
The Province west of the Cascades, including Vancouver and most
of the larger Islands.    Abundant.
Land Otter.     Lutra canadensis.
Vancouver Island and the mainland.    Chiefly coastwise.
Skunk.    Mephitis.    (Sp. ?)
The mainland at large.    Common.
Little Striped Skunk.    SpUogale phenax latifnnts.
The mainland west of the Cascades.    Very abundant on the coast.
Mink.     Ltifi'coia riso/t.
Vancouver Island and the mainland.    Abundant.
Weasel.     Pntorinx mninra.
Mainland at large.    Tolerably common.
California Bat.     V^espertilio nityfus.
Vancouver Island and the coast of the mainland.
Martin.    Mustela caurina.
- 1
lltl
The Province at large including Vancouver and some of the larger
Islands. 8
Natural History
Fisher.    Mustela permantii.
Found throughout the greater portion of the mainland
record of its occurrence on Vancouver Island.
I have no
Wolverine.    Gulo luscus.
Irregular through the interior of the mainland,
northern coast and Vancouver Island.
Sea Otter.    Enhydris lutris.
Also along the
Has been taken off the shores of Vancouver and Queen Charlotte
Islands.
Fur Seal.    Callorhinus ursi/nus.
Hair Seal.    Phoca mtulina.
Sea Lion.    Eumetopias stelleri. Art. ll.
-NOTES
ON THE OCCURRENCE  OF  NEW AND RARE   FISH
-in
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
-0-
Cvnoscion Nobtlts.    Weakfish.    White Bass.
A specimen of this handsome fish was obtained by Mr. Phillips Wolley in
Sooke Harbour, last January.
It was found on the surface of the water, in distress, and surrounded by
Dogfish, which had mutilated its pectoral and caudal fins to such an extent
that it was unable to escape. This fish has not been previously recorded
•north of Cape Mendicino. Its weight, was 45 lbs. Apart from its injuries,
it appeared in good condition, although nothing was found in its stomach.
The skin was forwarded to Dr. Jordan for identification.
Oncorhynchus Kennerlyi.
Mr. C. Worsfold forwarded a specimen of this little salmon from Shawnigan
Lake, where it was caught with spoon bait. It has not hitherto, to my
knowledge, been found west of the Cascade Mountains, and its occurrence on
Vancouver Island is certainly remarkable. It does not appear to be plentiful in the lake, and nothing has been learned of its life history, but now
that attention has been called to the fact that it is to be found so close to
Victoria, perhaps some information may be obtained concerning its habits.
In the Annual Report of the Canadian Fisheries Department a description
is given by Dr. Jordan of a new.species of land-locked salmon in British
Columbia.
Oncorhynchus Kamloops.
With all due deference to that distinguished ichthyologist, I must take
exception to this fish being classed among the Oncorhynchi. The anal fin
rays number but 11 or 12 and it should therefore be included in the genus
Salmo. Dr. Jordan thinks it may possibly be descended from the Spring
Salmon, 0. chouicha, but for my own part I fail to see, from the description,
where it differs from S. gairdneri in any respect.    Unfortunately no descrip- 10
Natural History
tion is given of the number of pyloric coeca, of the shape of the preoper-
culum or of the colour of the flesh, which would have helped definitely to
have identified the fish.
I have sent to Kamloops for specimens, and when I receive them will
send some to Dr. Jordan, who may perhaps be induced to alter his opinion.
If it be a new species, I believe it will be found to be distributed throughout
the greater portion of the upper country.
Couesius Greeni.    Species nova.
A minnow from a lake near Fort St. James, was obtained from Mr. Traill,
the H. B. Co. officer in charge of that post. Its range is unknown, and it
appears to be rare in that part of the country. It is a small fish, seldom
exceeding six inches in length, and averaging only four. Two specimens
were sent to Dr. Jordan, who furnishes the following description.
Head, 4^ in length * depth, 4^. D. 8 ; A. 8. Scales, 10-57-7. Teeth,
2-4-4-2.    Length of largest specimen, 6^ in.
Body robust, the back convex before the dorsal. The profile of head
straight and rather steep. The space between the eyes broad and flatish,
3|-in. head. Snout bluntish, but rather long, 3f-in. head. The pre-maxil-
lary just above the level of the lower part of the pupil I maxillary reaching
almost to the front of the orbit, 3f-in. head ; barbel well developed, not
quite at the end of the maxillary j its length considerably less than that of
the pupil. Mouth moderately oblique, the lower jaw slightly included.
Dorsal fin inserted behind the base of the ventrals and behind the middle of
the body at a point mid-way between the pre-opercle and the base of the
caudal, the fin of moderate height. Pectoral shortish 1 J-in. head, ventrals
nearly 2. Caudal well forked, the lobes equal, If-in. head. Scales larger
than in related species, scarcely reduced forward and but little smaller on
the back than on the sides. 36 scales in front of the dorsal. Colour dark
olive above, the sides reddish silvery. Very slight traces of a lateral band,
a dark streak below the eve undulating and extending from the side of the
upper jaw to the opercle. Lining of shoulder rather dusky. Fins without
definite marking, the upper somewhat dusky.
This species is related to Couesius plumbeus of the upper Missouri and
Lake Superior region, from which species it differs in the size of the scales
and in some details in form.    The head is especially large and heavy.
Mylochilus Caurinus.
A specimen of this chub, taken from Fish-hook Lake, has been sent me from
Mr. C N. Young, of Nanaimo. It has also been reported by Mr. Skinner
as occurring in Kennedy Lake, and in the brackish water at the mouth of
the stream flowing from it. It is, I believe, rare on Vancouver Island,
although common on the Mainland.—A. H. G. Art III.
REPORT
ON   THE
ENTOMOLOGY   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
(By W. H. Danby and C. De Blois Green.)
-o-
Tt is very pleasing to know that the past year has fully proved. British
Columbia to be a mine of wealth to the Entomologist ] but while the Mainland has produced many rare species of DIURNALS, the palm must be
awarded to Vancouver Island, where new species of the HETEROCERA
have been found, owing to the untiring energy of members of this Society.
In two instances new genera rewarded dilligent work, thus showing that
Vancouver Island, in itself, is a grand field of research.
p A list of captures during 1892, is given as far as possible; but the names of
species belonging to the GEOMETRINA, cannot be included in this report,
for the reason that, to get them named by competent authorities takes considerable time, in consequence of the great care necessary to avoid mistakes.
Many species have, however, been collected of this family, and their names
will probably be known soon, when full information will be given the Society for the benefit of collectors. Other new species, and probably new
genera, are expected to be amongst the specimens which have been forwarded East for determination, and until they have been authenticated by
comparison with known types, we must rest satisfied with the result as far
as known.
In regard to the D1URNALS, much good work has been achieved. The
beautiful Satyrid, CHIONOBAS gigas, which has hitherto been considered
strictly local in its habitat on Mount Finlayson, being proved to be generally common in the Highlands of South Vancouver Island. As far as known,
CHIONOBAS gigas is confined to this Island, no account of its capture on
the Mainland being recorded.
During 1892, the Vancouver Island oak tree pest, which has for years
defoliated the oaks around Victoria, was conspicuous by its absence. There
is" no doubt but that the larvae of this insect (ELLOPIA somniaria) were 12
Natural History
nearly exterminated by their natural parasite, the Ichneumon fly (I cestus,
Cress), and the Chrysalides by the attacks of a funguous disease which
Professor James Fletcher has had identified by Professor Roland Thaxter as
SPOROTRICHUM globuliferum, Spegazzini, a fungus which has done
splendid work in attacking many other obnoxious insects, the ova also were
to a great extent destroyed by a beautiful little PROCTOTRYPID. Owing
to these combined circumstances the trees in Beacon Hill Park last year
were at their best, being in full leaf and throwing a shade which gave gratification to pleasure seekers dilring the hot summer.
No great work was done in collecting COLEOPTERA, with perhaps the
exception of capturing that rare beetle Ulochsetes leoninus, which is one of
the few short winged species of this family in our fauna, a single specimen
being taken at Alert Bay (Can Ent, XXIII, p. 283.), and a few other rare
specimens being collected in Victoria, names of which have yet to be received.
Many DIPTERA were collected, names unknown with the exception of
Anisopogon ludius, n sp., named by Mr. D. W. Coquillett, Los Angeles,
Calf, which was captured at Goldstream, on Mount Austin (Can Ent,
XXV, p. 21).
Amongst the ARACHNIDS very little was achieved, the species taken
being collected more for friends than study. However a few specimens
were kindly named by Dr. Nathan Banks, of Washington, D. C, amongst
them being new species of PARDORA, and CORIARACTINE, also a
variety of EPEIRA insularis, Hentz.
The Society tenders its thanks to the following gentlemen for their kind
assistance in naming and donating specimens, and helping its members to
classify their captures : Mr. W. H. Edwards, Coalburgh, W. Va.; Mr. B.
Neuinoegen, New York; Professor James Fletcher, Ottawa, and Professor
J. B. Smith, Washington, D. C.
It is the sincere desire of the entomological members of this Society to
see the Museum collection increase, and to that end they intend as far as
possible to contribute series or types of all species captured, so that not only
the members, but visitors, may obtain what information is possible as to the
Entomology of British Columbia, especially as regards the LEPIDOPTERA.
Among the gifts to the Museum cabinet in 1892, were rare Coleoptera from
Professor James Fletcher, including LIPAROOEPHALCJS brevipennis,
which was only previously known by the unique type specimen. Various
RHOPALOCERA and HETEROCERA was presented by members, and
the specimen of Ulochsetes leoninus was from Mr. Harry Pidcock, V5"
of British Columbia,
13
PRELIMINARY CHECK LIST
-OF-
LEPIDOPTERA COLLECTED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Those marked * having been taken on Vancouver Island.
RHOPALOCERA
DIURNALS
BUTTERFLIES.
Papilio.
*    1  ajax Linn.
2 daunus Bdv.
3 rutulus   ii
4 turnus Linn.
5 oregonia Edw.
6 zolicaon Bdv.
Parnassius.
* 7 clodius Men.
8 smintheus Db-Hew.
Neophasia.
* 9 menapia Feld.
PlERIS.
* 10 napi Esp.
* 11 pallida Scud.
* 12 venosa     n
* 13 occidentalis Reak.
Anthocharis.
* 14 ausonides Bdv.
* 15 sara m
* 16 stella Edw.
17 flora      ii
Colias.
* 18 eurytheme Bdv.
* 19 ariadne    Edw.
* 20 keewaydin u
21 occidentalis Scud.
* 22 philodice Gdt
* 23 var albinic Edw.
Locality.
Duncan's.
Enderby.
Ubique.
Enderby.
Vernon.
Ubique.
Enderby.
Victoria.
ii
ii
Enderby.
Victoria.
Goldstream.
Enderby.
ii
Authority.
W. F. Burton.
C. D' B. Green
C. D' B. G.
Goldstream.     W. H. Danby.
Enderby. G. D' B. G.
Ubique.
Ubique.
C. D' B. G.
m H. Danby.
C. D' B. G
W. H. Danby.
C. D' B. G
u n
Natural History
Thecla.
* 24 iroides Bdv.
* 25 irus Gdt.
* 26 melinus Hba.
27 californica Edw.
28 eryphon Bdv.
29 saepium      n
J blenina Hew.
| var siva Edir.
31 titus Fair.
30
LYCiENA.
32 heteronea Bdv.
* 33 antiacis        n
* 34 phileros       n
* 35 ssepiolus       h
36 sagittigera Feld.
37 pheres   Bdv.
* 38 amyntula n
39 acmon Db-Hew.
»   , A ( pseudargiolus )    ... ,
4U    x      ,    . ° Kirov.
I var lucia ) ^
* 41  scudderii Edc.
* 42 mellissa 1    |
43 cornyntas 6V//\
Chrysophanus.
* 44 helloides J5aV.
Danais.
* 45 archippus Cram.
Argynnis.
* 46 bremnerii Edw.
* 47 epithore Bdv.
* 48 zerene ?    n
* 49 myrina Cram.
* 50 rhodope Edw.
51 nevadensis Ediu.
52 leto J9^r.
M ELITES A.
* 53 cooperi 1 Behr.
* 54 rubicunda Hy-Edw.
* 55 taylori Edw.
* 56 nubiffena Behr.
0
57 whitneyii    n
Phyciodes.
* 58 pratensis     n
* 59 tharos 2>rw.
60 var morpheus Edw.
Locality.*
Ubique.
ii
it
Goldstream.
Ubique.
Enderby.
Goldstream.
Enderby.
Enderby.
Ubique.
ii
Victoria.
Vernon.
ii
Goldstream.
Vernon.
Ubique.
Golclstream.
ii
Enderby.
Ubique.
Authority.
"V
ernon.
Ubique.
ii
Victoria.
Lansdowne.
Goldstream.
Enderby
Mt. District.
Victoria.
ii
Enderby.
it
Ubique.
ii
M
C. D' B. G.
C. D' B. G
C. D' B. G
W. H. Danby.
C. D' B. G.
11
W. H. Danby
C. DJ B. G.
C. D' B. G.
W. H. Danby
C. D' B. G.
C. D' B. G,
W: H. Danby
C. D' B. G.
W. H.  Danby
G D' B. G.
W. H. Danby
G. D' B. G of British Columbia.
\3?
Grapta.
* 61 satyrus Edw.
* 62 silenus     n
* 63 zephyr us u
6.4 faunus      n
65 j album Bd-Lec.
Vanessa.
* 66 antiopa Linn.
* 67 californica Bdv.
* 68 milberti Gdt.
Pyrameis.
* 69 atalanta Linn.
* 70 cardui        w
* 71 carye Hbn.
LlMENITIS.
* 72 lorquini Bdv.
CCENONYMPHA.
* 73 ampelos Edw.
Erebia.
74 epipsodea Bvtl.
Satyrus.
»- j alope )    D ,
75 <       r    . >  Bdv.
\ var ariane j
CHIONOBAS.
* 76 gigas Butl.
77 californica Bdv.
Pamphila.
* 78 agricola Bdv.
* 79 nevada Scud.
Qn j cernes )  F ,
( var anaton J
Nisoniades.
* 81 propertius Lint.
82 jiivenalis Fabr.
83 icelus Zm£.
Carterocephalus.
84 mandan Edw.
Thymelicus.
"85 garita Reak.
Amblyscirtes.
* 86 vialis Edw.
Locality.
Authority.
Victoria.
Goldstream.
W. H. Danby
C. D' B. G.
ii
- iiiv
11
Enderbv.
II
Ubique.
Beacon Hill.    W. H. Danby.
Ubique.
Victoria.
Ubique.
W. H. Danby.
Enderby
G D' B. G
C. D5 B. G
Goldstream.     W. H. Danby
Enderby. C. D' B. G.
Ubique.
Shawnigan L. C. D' B. G.
Vernon. n
Victoria.
Goldstream.
Langford.
Somenos.
Vernon.
Goldstream.
W. H. Danby
C. D' B. G. 16
Natural History
Pyrgus.
87 csespitalis Bdv.
88 tessellata Scud.
EUDAMUS.
89 pylades Scud.
Pholisora.
90 catullus Fahr.
JLOCALITY.
Goldstream.
Enderby.
Goldstream.
Authority.
C. D' B. G.
Ve
rnon.
All taken on Vancouver Island.
HETEROCERA.
NOCTURNALS,
MOTHS.
SPHINGID^E.
MaCROGLOSSIN/E.
1 Hemaris rubens Ify-Edw.
Choerocampin;e.
2 Deilephila calverleyi 1
ARCTITD^E.
Arctihme.
3 Epicallia virginalis Bdv.
4 Arctia superba Stretch.
K T ,.    f californise Walk.
o   Leptarctia ■{        ,  ,.£     .        D   .,
r [var latirasciata nut I.
6 Pyrrharctia isabella S. & A.
7 Antarctia rubra Neum.
Q -c,,  .    (rubra ) v
o  Hilpis < t     t    .    Yj\ enm.
r     (var danbyi  J
9 Spilosoma virginica Fahr.
10 Halisidota maculata Harr.
11 subalpina French.
Locality.
Victoria.
Ubique.
Victoria.
Ubique.
ii
Victoria.
Ubique.
ii
Victoria.
NOTODONTID^C.
fl2 Eumelia danbyi Nf,\im. Victoria.
13 Pheosia portlandia Hy-Edw. n
14 Cerura occidentalis Lint. Ubique.
BOMBYCID^].
15 Clisiocampa californica Pack.
16 Tolype velleda StoV.
17 Gastropacha americana Harr.
THYATRIRID^E.
NOCTUINA.
18 Euthyatira pudens Linn. Fowl Bay.
ii
ii
ii
Authority.
W. H. Danbv
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
C. De B. Green of British Columbia.
NOCTUIDAE.
19 Panthea furcilla Pack.
20 Momophana comstocki Grt.
21 Harpyia albicoma Strk.
22 Acronycta felina Grt.
23 oblinita S. & A.
24 Peridroma occulta Linn.
25 Rhizagrotis confusa Smith.
26 Carneades euroides Grt.
27 insignata Walk.
28 Feltia subgothica Steph.
29 Mamestra liquida Grt.
30 picta Harr.
q-j fegens Walk.\
\var cinnabarina Grt. '-' J
Locality;
Victoria.
V\
)ique.
Victoria
m
ii
ii
Ubique.
Victoria.
32
olivacea Morr.
Ubique.
33
cuneata Grt.
Hadu*na laterita Hbn.
Victoria
34
Ubique.
35
devastatrix Brace,.
ii
36
albina Grt.
<             fii%i
37
castanea n
ii
38
di vesta   n
n
+ 39
Polia contadina Smith.
Victoria
40
Eupsephopsectes procinctus Grt.
M
41
Trigonophora periculosa Gn.
Ubique.
42
Leucania pallens Linn.
it
43
lapidaria Grt.
Victoria
44
Tseniocampa pacifica Harv.
Ubique.
45
alia Gn.
"*• K-'i.
+46
ferrigera Smith.
Victoria.
47
Stretchia normalis Grt.
it
48
plusiiformis Hy-Edtr.
ii
49
Metalepsis cornuta Grt.
Victoria.
50
Zotheca tranquila     n
Ubique.
51
viridifera      n
Victoria.
52
Orthosia crispa Harv.
ii
53
Scoliopteryx libatrix Linn. .
Ubique.
54
Litholomia napsea Morr.
ii
55
Xylina oregonensis Harv.
Victoria.
56
pexata Grt.
ii
57
Xylomiges hiemalis Grt.
Ubique.
58
crucialis Harv.
Victoria.
59
patalis Grt.
'.-'if*-
+.60
pulchella Smith.
ii
J61
Candida           n
^ i (-.".
+62
cognata           n
ii
63
Pleroma obliquata           u
ii
J64
apposita             n
ii
17
Authority.
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
it
ii
ii
ti
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
\Y. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
it
n
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
W. H. Danby.
ii
ti
ti
ii
M
TI 18
Natural History
Locality.
65 Calocampa nupera Lint.
|66 Rancora strigata Smith.
67 Behrensia conchiforinis Grt.
68 Plusia corrusca Strk.
a a tt v ii.-     fdipsaceus Linn.
by Jtleliotnis  -{    r   11        i n   p  n
(var pnlogopnagus G. cc R.
70 Drasteria csei*ulea Grt.
71 Euclidia cuspidea Hbn.
f n gen.n sp.
\ n sp.
Ubique.
Victoria.
Authority.
W. H. Danby.   a
Art. IV.
CATALOGUE
OF   THE
CRUSTACEA   IN  THE  PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
VICTORIA.
By C. F. Newcombe, M. D.
-o-
In preparing the following Catalogue of the Brachyura and Anomura of
British Columbia, the writer has had great assistance from Mr. James E.
Benedict and Miss Mary J. Rathbun, of the United States National
Museum, Washington.
By their aid all doubtful species have been named or verified, and three
species belonging to the Province, but not in the collection of the Museum,
have been added to it.
As Brandt's descriptions of his genera and species of Anomoura are seldom
accessible to students on this side of the American continent, it has been
thought advisable to give them somewhat fully. Short notes of all the other
species are also given.
The plates are of rare species in the Museum, from photographs taken by
Fleming Bros., of Victoria.
DECAPODA BRACHYURA.
Tribe OXYRHYNCA. .       J|
Chioncecetes tanneri Rathbun.
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. XVI., p. 76, 1893.    PI. IV., figs. I. to IV.
Carapax covered with spines arranged in irregular rows, those extending
along the lateral margin overhanging and concealing the real margin in the
postero-lateral region. Rostral horns longer and narrower than in opilio,
leaving a V-shaped notch between.    Closely allied to 0. opilio
Deep water Bering Sea to southern extremity of California.
Presented to the Provincial Museum, Victoria, by the Smithsonian Institution. 20
Natural History
Chiongeoetes opilio (0. Fnbricins)
Cancer phalangium 0. Fab.    (Fauna Groenl., p. 234, 1780).
Cancer opilio  0. Fab".     Kongelige Danske.  Vid.  Selsk.  Skr. nye. Saml., III., 181,
PI. 1788.
Chioncecetes opilio Kroyer.     Natur.  Tidskrift (1), 2, p. 249, 1838, in Gaimard, Voyages en Scandinavie, etc , Crust., PI. 1, 1839.
Chioncecetes behringianus Stimpson.    Proc. Bosfc. Soc. Nat. Hist., VI., p. 84, 1857.
Chioncecetes opilio (0. Fab.)    Rathbun loc. cit., PI. IV., figs. 5-7.
Carapax very broad posteriorly, covered with numerous unequal rough
prominences, wart-like about the middle. Inferior antero-lateral margin
with about fourteen small bifid teeth.      Feet everywhere slightly pubescent.
Victoria, one specimen from deep water.
Range, Norway, Newfoundland, Greenland, Arctic Alaska, Behring
Strait, B. C.
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Hyas lyratus Dana.
Amer. Jouru. Sci. (2) YL, p. 268, 1851.    Crust U.  S. Expl. Exped.  1, p. 86.    PI. I.,
f. 1, 1852.
Stimpson, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. VI., p. 450, 1857.
Rathbun, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. vol. XVI., 1893.    PI. III.
Carapax broad posteriorly, lyrate, strongly tuberculate, broad behind the
eyes, forming a winged expansion. Beak smooth, of moderate size; horns
acute, straight.    Chelipeds long and strong.
Dredged off Victoria, Comox and Clayoquot in 10 to 20 fms.—(C.F.N.,&c.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Hyastenus longipes Dana.
Chorilia longipes Dana.    Am. J. Sci. 2, XL, p. 269, 1851; Crust, U. S. Ex. Exp. 1,
p. 1.    PI. I., fig. 5.    Stimpson loc, cit.
Hyastenus longipes Miers.    Jour. Linn, Soc. Loud., XIV., p. 658, 1879.
H. longipes Rathbun, loc. cit., p. 85.    PI.  VII.
Carapax without pubescence, somewhat distantly tuberculate, a sharp
spine on each side at the branchial region. Rostrum pubescent, long, and
bifid with horns nearly parallel. Legs long and slender, except first pair,
the arm of which is trigonal, with spinulose margins.
Campbell Island, B. C.—(J. Richardson.)
Range, Alaska to San Diego, Cal. Hyastenus japonic t/s Miers, is, apparently, identical with longipes.    (Rathbun loc cit.)
Presented to Provincial Museum, Victoria, by Smithsonian Institution. of British Columbia.
21
Scyra acutifrons Dana.
Amer. Journ. Sci. (2) XL, p. 269, 1851 ; Crust. U. S. Expl. Ex., I., p. 95, PI. II. fig. 2,
1852.    Stimpson, loc. cit.
Smith, Rep. Geol. Surv. Can., 1878-1879, p. 210 B.
Rathbun, Proc. U. S. Nat. Miis., XVI., 1893, p. 88.
Carapax ovate, spineless, with all the regions strongly protuberant, and
separated by deep grooves. Rostrum short and very wide at the base,
flattened horizontally into a leaf-like form, horns acute. In females the
regions are less elevated. Prof. Smith (loc. cit.) points out that Dana's
figures were drawn from females and young males. In adult males the
chelipeds are proportionately much larger in every way.
Queen Charlotte Islands.—(Dr. Dawson).
Victoria, common low water to 20 fms. (C. F. N.)
Range, Kadiak Alaska, to Southern California.
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Oregonia gracilis Dana.
U. S. Exploring Exped. Crust., L, p. 106.    PI. III., f. 2.
Smith, S. J., Report Geol. Surv. of Canada 1878-79, p. 209 B.
Oregonia hirta Dana, loc cit.    PI. HI., f. 3.
Stimpson Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. Vol. VI., 1857, p. 456.
Carapax triangular, rounded behind, its surface rough and granular,
slightly pubescent. A long, slender, nearly transverse spine behind the
orbit. Rostrum dividing into two long, slender nearly parallel horns which
are, usually, in life decorated with algae, sertularians, etc. Mr. J. I. Smith
points out (loc. cit. supra) that the larger males agree with Dana's description of O. gracilis and the females with O. hirta. The adult female specimens
have a very broad nearly orbicular abdomen, while the apparently sterile
females, though large, show considerable approach to the male in the form
of the carapax, etc.,  and their abdomen is much narrower and  elliptical.
Victoria to Comox on the East Coast of Vancouver Island, and at
Clayoquot Sound on the West Coast of Vancouver Island.—(C. F. N.) Port
Simpson near the North end of Vancouver Island, and Queen Charlotte
Islands.—(Dr. Dawson.)    All at low water or in shallow dredgings.
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Pugettia richii Dana.
U. S. Expl. Exp. Crust. L, p. 117, PI. IV., fig. 3, 1852.    Stimpson, loc. cit., p. 457.
The post orbital expansions have two acute lobes; carapax more triangular
than in gracilis, and armed with short spines in the different regions;
anterior feet large.
Clayoquot Sound, V. I., in roots of Macrocystis pyrifera.—(C. F. N.)
Dredged in Barclay Sound, V* I., by U. S. Fish Commission Steamer
Albatross.    Also found at San Diego.
Provincial Museum, Victoria, 22
Natural History7
Pugettia gracilis Dana.
U. S. Ex. Exp., Crust, 1, p. 117, PI. IV., f. 3.
Stimpson, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. VI., 1857, p. 456.
Carapax smooth, lyrate, with large post-orbital triangular expansions. A
deep constriction divides the hepatic from the branchial region. Rostrum
of moderate length, horns acute ; diverging. Curled setae on each side of
the base of the rostrum and the front of the gastric region.
Victoria common, Nanaimo, Comox, Clayoquot.—(C. F. N.) Queen
Charlotte Islands.—(Dr. Dawson.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Pugettia (Mimulus) foliata Stimpson.
Mimulus foliatus.    Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist., New York, Vol. VII., 1860, fig.
Miers, Journ., Linn. Soc, Lend., XIV., 1879, p. 649.
Pugettia foliata, Rathbun, m. s.
Carapax unarmed, quadrate, widest across the postero-lateral angles,
gently narrowing down towards the antero-lateral angles. Orbits small.
Rostrum broad at the base, dividing into two short approximate horns,
which are provided with short curled setae on the upper surface. Colour
pink.
Clayoquot Sound, in roots of Macocystis.—(C. F. N.)
Miss Rathbun of Washington, states that the U. S. National Museum
has specimens from Unalaska, Barclay Sound and Monterey, and that she is
unable to separate the genus from Pugettia.
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Epialtus productus  Randal].
J. Ac. N. Sc. Phil., VIII., p. 110, 1839.
Dana, U. S. Expl. Exp., Crust, j p. 133.    PI. VI., f. 2, 1852.
Stimpson, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. VI., 1857, p. 457.
Carapax smooth, quadrate, with two distant teeth on each side. Rostrum
wide at base, beaks divaricate with a sharp spine in front of the orbit, notch
and spines setose; two sets of curved setae on upper part of beak. Cutting
edges of fingers with 12 to 15 small teeth. External maxillipeds and adjoining parts pubescent.
Comox to Victoria, and Clayoquot Sound.—(C. F. N.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
|     Tribe CYCLOMETOPA.
Cancer magister Dana.
U. S. Expl. Exp. Crust. L, p. 151, PI. VII., f. 1.
Stimpson,  Proc.  Cal. Acad Sci., 1.88, and Bost Journ Jaurn. Nat. Hist., VI., 1857,
p. 458.
The common edible crab. This is the largest Cancer of B. C. Carapax granulate, slightly convex ; there are ten  teeth on each antero-lateral margin, and of these the posterior pair are the largest, and terminate the
greatest diameter.
Range, generally distributed in B. C. Loughborough Inlet, Comox,
Nanaimo, Clayoquot, Victoria.—(C. F. N.)
San Francisco to Alaska.—(Stimpson.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Cancer gracilis Dana.
U. S. Exp. Exp. Crust., I., p. 153, PI. VII., f. 2.
Stimpson, Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci., I., p. 88.    Bost. Journ. Nat Hist., VL, 1857, p. 470.
The smallest species of Cancer in B. C. Carapax smooth and very convex,
antero-lateral margin nine-toothed ; postero-lateral margin slightly toothed
near its outer extremity; greatest diameter at the last tooth but one.
Comox, Nanaimo, Victoria, Clayoquot.—(C. F. N.)
Puget Sound to San Francisco.—(Stimpson.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria.    (Presented by the Smithsonian Institution.)
Cancer antennarius Stimpson.
Proc. Cal. Ac. Sci. 1 p. 88, 1856.    Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., VI., 1857, p., PI. XVIII.
Smith, S. J.    Report of Geol. Survey of Canada 1878-79, p. 207 B.
Carapax convex, undulated, apparently smooth though minutely granulated especially along the margin. Antero-lateral margin convex, with nine
teeth, which are deeply separated and their edges denticulated. Posterolateral margin with a deep emargination near the outer extremity forming a
sharp tooth. A second, slighter, within the first. Feet of the first pair
large, carpus and hand short and thick, finger and thumb black. Colour
above dark purplish brown, below yellowish white spotted with red.
Virago Sound and Cumshewa Harbour, Queen Charlotte Islands.—(Dr.
G. M. Dawson.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria, presented by the Smithsonian Institution.
Cancer productus Randall.
Jour. Ac. N. Sc. VIII., Phila., p. 116, 1839. Dana, U. S. Expl. Exped., Crust. 1, p. 156.
PI. VII., fig. 3.
Stimpson, Proc. Cal. Ac. Sci. 1 p. 88., and Bost. Journ. Is at. Hist., VI., p. 442.
Smith, S. J.    Report of Geol. Surv. Canada, 1878-79, p. 207 B.
Carapax unequally granulose, greatly flattened behind the front; front
produced and elevated beyond the orbits. Antero-lateral margin with nine
teeth, postero-lateral margin slightly notched. Greatest width at the
penultimate tooth. Hand tuberculous above, exterior surface 4 carinate.
Colour dark red above, below whitish. Occasionally the carapax is marked
with narrow lines of alternate red and pale yellow, following its outline at
the margins.    The Red Crab.
Comox, Nanaimo, Victoria and Clayoquot (C. F. N.). Queen Charlotte
Islands (Dr. Dawson).
Provincial Museum, Victoria. 24
Natural History
Xantho bella Stimpson.
Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist., New York, Vol. VII., 1860, p. 204.
Carapax rather broad, its length being to its breadth in the proportion of
one to one-and-a-half. It is somewhat octagonal in shape, and its antero
lateral margin is armed with strong triangular teeth posteriorly, the middle
one being the most prominent. Its surface is areolated, smooth, and
glabrous for the most part. Front moderately projecting, deeply fissured
at the middle. Chelipeds smooth and glabrous, hand short, fingers black.
Colour yellowish. Lives under rocks at low water, and occasionally
dredged in ten fathoms.
Victoria, (Rev. G. W. Taylor, C. F. N.) Salt Spring Island, Comox and
Clayoquot Sound, (C. F. N.) Also reported from Puget Sound and
Monterey.
Tribe CORYSTOIDEA.
Telmessus cheiragonus Tilesius.
Cancer cheiragonus Tilesius.    Mem. de Acad, de St. Petersb., V., 1815, p. 347.
Telmessus scrratus White.    Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. XVII., 1846, p. 497.
Cheiragonus hippocarcinoides Stimpson.    Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. VI., 1857, p. 465.
Telmessus   cheiragonus   Benedict.      Proc.   U.   S.   Nat.   Mus.,  XV.,   1892,  p. 224.
PL XXV. and XXVI.    (This paper gives full synonymy).
Surface of carapax scabrous and setose, with large triangular serrated
lateral teeth, of which there are four on the antero lateral and two on the
posterior margin, the outer one on each side being much the largest. The
inter-antennary front has four small equal teeth.—(Stimpson).
Colour yellowish. Very common and of large size in the Lagoon at
Esquimalt, B. C, Strait of Georgia, Nanaimo, Comox, Clayoquot Sound.
(C. F. N.)    Queen Charlotte Islands.—(Dr. Dawson.)
Trichocarcinus oregonensis Dana.
Trichocera   oregonensis   Dana.     U. S. Exploring Expedition, Crust. 1, p. 299.    PI.
XVIII., f. 5.
Stimpson, Bost. Journ. of Nat. Hist., Vol. VI., p. 464, 1857.
Trichocarcinus oregonensis Miers.    Proc. Zool. Soc, London, 1S79, p. 34.
Smith, S. J.. Rep. Geol, Survey of Canada, 1878-79, p. 207b.
Not unlike small cancers, but the carapax is more rounded, and with thirteen teeth on each side. Leg hairy, antennae long. Colour purplish brown,
sometimes red. Finger and thumb black. Generally distributed. Low
water to 25 fms.    (C. F. N.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria. of British Columbia.
25
Tribe CATOMETCPA.
Heterograpsus oregonensis Dana.
Psendograpsus oregonensis Dana.    U. S. Exploring Expedition Crust., 1851.
HeterograpSus oregonensis Stimpson.    Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., 1858.
Smith, S. J., Report of Geological Survey of Canada, 1878-79, p. 206 B.
Carapax quadrate, narrower behind than in. front, smooth, bluish-grey
above, mottled with darker patches. A woolly patch on the inside of the
hand in the male. Posterior feet hairy. Common between tides under
stones.    Victoria, Comox, Clayoquot, <kc.—(C. F. N.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Heterograpsus nudus Dana.
Psendograpsus nudus, Dana.    E. U. S. Exploring Exped., Crust , pi. XX., fig 7.
Heterograpsus nudus, Stimpson-    Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., 1858.
Smith, Rept. Geol. Survey of Canada, 1878-79, p. 206b.
In shape like the last, but usually larger, dark purplish red above.
Anterior feet large, pale purple sometimes nearly white, spotted with dark
purple. Posterior feet smooth. Common along rocky shores; lives, apparently, as much out of the water as in it.    The Purple Shore Crab.
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Fabia subquadrata, Dana.
U. j Exp. Exped. Crust. I. pp. 382.    Plate XXIV. f. 5.
Smith, S. J.    Report of Geol. Surv. Canada, 1878-79, p. 206 B.
Carapax slightly broader than long, naked and shining. Eyes very small.
Victoria in the test of a living specimen of Echinus purpuratus (N. H. Soc).
Thurston Stewart Channel, Q. Charlotte Islands in large mussel (Dr.
Dawson).
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
PiNNIXA FABA, Dana.
Pinnothera faba, Dana, U. S. Exp. Exped.    Crust. 1 p. 381.    PI. XXIV., f. 4.
Pinnixa faba, Stimpson, Journ. of Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. VI., 1857, p. 470.
Carapax smooth, shining, and very transverse; width being nearly double
its length. Eyes small. Male smaller and broader in proportion than the
female, and with larger hands. Very common in specimens of Schiozthaerus
Nuttalli, one of the largest clams of this coast. Victoria, Nanaimo, Comox
and Clayoquot (C. F. N.).
Provincial Museum, Victoria. Pinnixa occidentalis, Rathbun.
Proc. U. S. National Museum, Vol. XVI. p. 248, 1893.
Carapax transverse, thick, hairy on the sides, surface uneven, crested in
the cardiac region. Abdomen of the male narrowing at the first suture and
tapering from the second to the terminal segment. Female abdomen very
broad. Chelipeds stout, setose. Legs setose. Length of largest male 9.5
mill.; width 19.5 mill. Length of largest female 10.5 mill.; width 20.5
mill. From Unalaska to Gray's Harbour, Washington, and Queen Charlotte's Sound to the north of Vancouver's Island in 238 fms. U. S. Fish
Commission steamer Albatross.       y$£
Presented to the Provincial Museum, Victoria, by the Smithsonian
Institution.
DECAPODA ANOMURA.
■% Tribe LITHCDEA. J
In this tribe, the abdomen, or the urogastric portion of the body, commonly called the tail, is always covered on its outer surface with calcareous
plates arranged in three or five rows. The external antennae are always
much shorter than the thorax. The last pair of feet are very small, different
from the rest in shape, and are concealed under the hinder edge of the
thorax.
Cryptolithodes sltchensis Brandt.    PL II.
Melanges Biologiques, Vol. I., p. 654.
Stimpson, Journ. of Bost. Sue. Nat. Hist.. VI., 1857, p. 476.
The carapax forms a broad, thin shield, of very uneven surface, completely
hiding the legs, antennae, abdomen and all inferior parts of the body, which
seem when viewed from below to be placed in the bottom of a cup-like cavity,
and only the tips of the eyes are seen from above in the angle between the
base of the rostrum ana the interior margin of the carapax.—(Stimpson).
Surface of carapax and of hands smooth, rostrum with three minute teeth.
Fifth pair of feet small, hidden from view, terminal joints furnished with a
brush of strong cilia.    Colour variable, dark purplish, bright red, &c.
Several large specimens collected in the Queen Charlotte Islands, by Mr.
A. Green.    Victoria, at low water rather rare.— (C. F. N.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
ECHIDNOCERUS  CLBARIUS   White.
Proc. Zool. Soc, 1848, p. 47.    Annulosa, PI. II., III.
Lopholithodes Mandtii, Brdt.,  Bull.  Phys.-mathem.  de l'Acad, de St Petersb., 1849,
VII., p. 174.
Echidnocerus cibarius;  Stimpson, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., Vol. VI., 1857, p. 477.
Carapax subtriangular, convex, width much greater than length. The
margins are more or less spined all round, and the upper surface is closely
SL of British Columbia.
27
covered with tubercles which are perforated by numerous setae. There is a
high conical projection on each branchial region and another in the cardiac
region. Rostrum large, projecting and pointed, armed above with three or
four short radiating spines arising from one tubercle, of which the three
upper are larger than the lower one. | External antennae short, appendix of
the second joint single, triangular, smooth below but armed above with four
rows of spines, those on the sides being the longest. Feet studded above
with setigerous tubercles. Chelipeds wide, carpus with a large triangular
expansion on the inside, which is" spined and tubercled above. Abdomen
wide, formed of many plates.
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
ECHIDNOCERUS  FORAMINATUS  Stimpson.     PL III.
Aim. Lye. Nat. Hist., New York, Vol. VII., B. 1860, p. 79.
This species much resembles the last, but in the chelipeds there is a
deep smooth sinus below, with a corresponding but rather shallow sinus in
the carpus of the second pair of feet. When the two sinuses are brought
together a roundish canal is formed.
One specimen collected near Victoria, B. C, and in the Provincial
Museum.
Genus Phyllolithodes Brandt.
Bulletin Phys. Mathem. de l'Acad., St. Peters., 1849, VII., 175.
Upper part of the frontal rostrum compressed, somewhat four-angled,
greatly exceeding the hooked and pointed lower part. The upper margin is
bidentate and the teeth blunt. The appendix of the second joint of the
external antennae is divided into three leaflets oblong-linear in shape, rather
wider at the apex and arranged in the manner of a fan. The fourth and
fifth joints of the external antennae are destitute of spines. The thorax is
triangular, rather long, and very high. Carpus of the first pair of feet is
scarcely cristate.
P. Papillosus Brandt.
Petalocerus Bellianus White.    Proc. Zool. Soc, 1856, 134.
Although resembling Rhinolithodes in shape and appearance, its generic
characteristics are well marked. The want of elongated granulose papilli,
&c, on the feet, forms a good distinguishing feature. Length of thorax
1" 10'" to 11"'; width I" 8".    Victoria, Middleton, &c.
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
i
Genus Rhinolihodes Brandt.
A
Bull. Phys. Math., 1849, VII., p. 147,
Upper part of the frontal rostrum conical, obtuse, not dentate above,
nearly equalling, at all events not exceeding in length the lower hooked part.
The appendix of the second joint  of the external antennae is triangular, 28
Natural History
\
simple, furnished on the sides only with spines arranged somewhat in rows.
Thorax triangular, very high, and its front part is only half as wide as the
back part. The gastric and genital regions are confluent, and very convex ;
the cardiac and intestinal regions are equally confluent, but separated from
the branchial and genital region by a very deep semi-lunar fossa.
The carpus of the first pair of feet is evenly crested along the upper and
inner margin.
R.  W0SNESSEN|>KII.     PI   IV
This, the only known species, is represented in the Provincial Museum,
Victoria.
Tribe HAPALCGASTRINEA. |
The basal or anterior abdominal ring, and the two apical rings especially,
furnished merely with very thin calcareous laminae, all the remaining parts
being soft. The sides of the abdominal portion are not received by the
sternum, but conceal the basal joints of the feet.
Genus Hapalogaster Brandt.
Melanges Biologiques, Vol. I., 1850, p. 58.
The two apical joints of the external maxillipeds very greatly attenuated
at the base so as to appear pedicellate; last joint but one much dilated at
the apex and subtriangular. The shell of the thorax is thin, almost membranous, but strengthened evenly and extensively with calcareous matter,
nearly heart-shaped, strongly arched and convex on the sides of the posterior
half, with four spines on the sides of the anterior half. The branchial
regions are very marked but confluent with the intestinal region. The
anterior ring of the abdomen covered on each side with a thin calcareous
lamina which is transverse, straight, with four rounded angles, without any
furrows, and, furthermore, furnished between the said laminae themselves
with a thin, narrow, oblong lamellula which is conspicuous in the middle of
the back.
Hapalogaster inermes Stimpson.
Ann. Lye Nat,  Hist., New York, VII., p. 243, 1860.
Smith, S. J., Report of Geol. Surv. Can., 1878-79, p. 211 B.
Carapax longer than broad, nearly smooth above, margins unarmed and
smooth. Rostrum convex above, almost carinated, apex scarcely acute.
Feet subcylindrical, almost naked, rugose above, with minute setose
tubercles. Plates of first segment of abdomen narrow. Length of carapax
0.4"; width posteriorly 0.38".
A specimen was collected by Dr. Dawson in the Queen Charlotte Islands.
In this the chelipeds are very unequal, the right being twice as stout as the left,
much less setose, and the excavated fingers are without horny tips.—(S. J.
Smith.) of British Columbta.
29
Hapalogaster mertensh Brandt. PL V.>
Melanges Biologiques, I., 58.
Thorax leathery above, studded with bristly hairs,; which are fascicled and
only few in number. Feet of medium size, on the upper and posterior surfaces beset with fascicles of hairs and spines arranged in rows, the spines
themselves surrounded by bristly hairs. The right foot of the anterior pair
is longer than that of the second pair, -the claw is oblong, four-angled, moderately compressed perpendicularly, and covered with spines and rather long
fasciculated hairs.    The left chela is almost one-third less than the right.
The largest specimen brought back by Mertens has a thorax 8|"' long
and the posterior half 9'" in width.
As found near Victoria, this species is of a brownish-red colour, the under
surface of the legs is bright red and highly polished. Lives under stones
and in crevices at low water.—(C. F. N.)
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Genus Dermaturus Brandt.
Melanges Biologiques, Vol. I., 1850.
The two apical joints of the external maxillipeds are not much narrower
at the base, the last but one is oblong. Thorax tetragonal, not much wider
posteriorly, destitute of spines and teeth on the lateral margins, the branchial and the other regions not very distinct; it is covered, as are also the
extremities with a very thick calcareous shell. The anterior abdominal ring
is furnished dorsally on each side with a subtriangular lamina, furrowed
longitudinally above, and diverging at an acute angle outwards and backwards from the lamina of the opposite side, and separated from it, in the
middle line, by a cutaneous interval.
Dermaturus hispidus Stimpson.
Ann. Lye Nat. Hist., New York, Vol. VII., 1860.
Carapax moderately convex. in front. Cardiac transverse sulcus deep.
8urface covered with very small setose tubercles or short spines. Lateral
margins not projecting but armed with spines longer than the rest. Rostrum rather large, reaching to the tips of the eyes, its apex armed with
three spines. Feet thickly set with setose spines. Chelipeds not longer
than the ambulatory feet, and the fingers which do not gape, have black,
horny, cochlear, apices. Ambulatory feet not flattened. Abdomen hispid
like the carapace, the plates of the basal joint broad, and the right
margin furnished with a single row of spines which are setose on the sides.
A female measured .85"' in length and .9"' in width posteriorly.
Campbell Island, B. C, J. Richardson.
( 30
Natural History
Tribe PGRCELLANIDEA.
Genus Petrolisthes Stimpson.
Proc Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., 1858.
Carapax depressed, subovate, not wider than long, front triangular, margin
more or less undulate, dentate or entire. Eyes fairly large. Peduncle of
antennae more or less cristate. Chelipeds wide and flattened. Dactyls of
ambulatory feet normal, i. e., short, rather strong and with a single hooklet.
Petrolisthes rupicolus Stimpson.
Porcellana rupicola.    Joun. Bost. Soc Nat. Hist., Vol. VI., 1857, p. 480.
Petrolisthes rupicolus,    Stimpson.    Proc Acad. Nat Sci., Phila., 1858.
Carapax depressed, front triangular with a blunt extremity. Surface of
the feet and anterior half of the carapax scarcely rugose with granules
but slightly prominent. External antennae one and a half times
as long as the carapax. Anterior feet large and broad, margins smooth.
Surface of the carpus granulated, but not tuberculated. Pincers smooth
with somewhat hooked extremities.    Colour, dark purplish red.
Under rocks at low water Victoria, common. Straits of Georgia, Baynes
Sound near Comox, and Clayoquot Sound, West Coast of V. I.    (C. F. N )
Provincial Museum, Victoria.
Genus Pachycheles Stimpson.
Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., Dec, 1858.
Carapax round ovate, length not greater than the width, epimera free
posteriorly, the posterior part quadrate and separated by a cutaneousi nter-
val. Front not particularly prominent in the middle, subacute. First
joint of the antennae not at all produced. Chelipeds very thick and rugose,
with a short carpus.    Dactyls of the ambulatory feet normal.
P. rudis Stimpson.
Ann. Lye Nat. Hist., N. York, Vol. VII., p. 76, f. 5, 1860.
Carapax glabrous, obsoletely granulated, punctate or striate in different
parts. Chelipeds very unequal, with a rugose uneven surface above, irregularly tuberculated and granulated, carpus short and angular, its surface
strongly granulated and with two rows of tubercles more prominent than
the rest.
At low water, rare, Victoria, (G. W. T. & C. F. N.)     Roots of kelp Clay
oquot, common, (C. F. N.)—Provincial Museum,   Victoria. PI. II
Natural Size.
CRYPTOLITHODES  SITCHENSIS.
Fleming Bros.   Photo.  PI. Ill
NATURAL SIZE.
RHINOLITHODES  WOSNESSENSKIhBRDT.
Fleming Bros., Photo.  PI. IV
74-th Natural Size.
ECHIDNOCERUS  CIBARIUS,  WHITE.   VAR.
FORAMINATUS.  STIMPSON.
Fleming Bros., Photo.
'  ,?~*S~~^^j"~j""j
PI. V
I
1
Natural Size.
HAPALOGASTER   MERTENSU.    BRDT.
Fleming Bros., photo.  Art V.
REPORT
ON   THE
MARINE  SHELLS OF BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
(By C. F. Newcombe, M. D.)
-o-
Preliminary Check List of Marine Mollusca of British Columbia, exclusive of
Cephalopoda and Nudibranchiata.
The following list is based on the second Report upon the Mollusca of the
West Coast of North America, made to the British Association by the late
Dr. P. P. Carpenter, in 1863, and reprinted with other papers by the
Smithsonian Institution in 1872.
Additional information has been derived from various papers by Mr, J. F.
Whiteaves, F. R. S. Can., &c, Assistant Director, Geological Survey of
Canada; viz. :—
1st. ■' On some Invertebrata from the West Coast of North America,
collected by Mr. J. Richardson," in the -Canadian Naturalist, Vol. VIII.,
N. S., No. 8., December, 1878.
2nd. " Qn some Marine Invertebrata from the Queen Charlotte Islands,"
appendix C. to Dr. G. M. Dawson's Report on the Queen Charlotte Islands,
1878, published in 1880.
3rd. " On some Marine Jjctvertebrarta dredged or otherwise collected by
Dr. G. M. Dawson, in 1885, in the Northern part of the Strait of Georgia,".
&c, &c.    Trans. Roy. Soc. Can., section IV., pt. IX, 1886.
For invaluable critical assistance with regard to new and doubtful species,
the writer is indebted to Mr. W. H. Dall, of the Smithsonian Institution,
Washington, and for opportanities of comparison with named species, to the:
Rev. G. W. Taylor, of Victoria. The latter has also given notes of species
collected by him and not hitherto recorded from this Province. 32
Natural History
The following are the principal additions to the molluscan fauna of British
Columbia made by various collectors since Mr. Whiteaves' last report.
Xylophaga dorsalisy Turton; Glycimeris generosa, Gld.; Saxicava Nor-
vegica, Spengler; Thracia. Behringi, Dall; Tellina Sp., (young either of
T. Gouldii, Cpr., or of T. inflatnla, Dall, according to Mr. Dall) (Edalina
subdiaphana, Cpr.; Standella planidata, Conr.; Cardium centijilosum, Cpr.;
Modiolaria Sp. Nov. (Mr. Dall suggests that this species be named after its
discoverer, Mr. G. W. Taylor); Yoldialimatula, Say.; Diaphana debilis, Gld.;
Tomatina inculta, Gld.; Tornatina harpa, Dall; Tornatina cerealis, Gld.;
T. puncto coelata, Cpr.; Lepidopleurus, Sp.; Puncturella Cooperi, Cpr.;
Leptoihyra bacula, Cpr.; Alvania castanea, Moller; Bittium armillatum,
Cpr.; Cancellaria Unalashkensis, Dall; Solariella varicosa, Mighels;
Hydmobia Californica, Tryon; Drillia cancellata, Cpr.; Bel a exarata, Moller;
Odostomia gravida. Gld.; Turbonilla chocolata, Cpr.; Turbonilla Lordi, E.
A. Smith; Opalid ? planicosta, Cpr.; Buccinum cyaneum, Brug., variety
Mdrchianum, Fischer; Mohnia Friclei, Dall; Chrysodomus fornicatus,
Gmelin ; Chrysodomus phamiceus, Dall; Chrysodomus Kermicotti, Dall.
With respect to classification. Dr. P. P. Carpenter's arrangement has been
followed throughout, with such modifications of nomenclature as have been
made by Mr. W. H. Dall and are reported in Mrs. M. Burton Williamson's
"Annotated List of the Shells of San Pedro Bay and Vicinity," published in
the Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Vol. XV, 1892.
It is to be hoped that the large amount of new material lately acquired by
the Str. Albatross, of the United States Fish Commission, on the north-west
coast of America may soon be fully reported upon, and that Mr. Dall and
his associates at the Smithsonian Institution may have an early opportunity
of extending to the Pacific shores the advantage of such careful investigations as have added so much to the knowledge of the mollusca of the Atlantic states.
Meantime the following list of authorities for the majority of the species
on the list may be of assistance to those who have access to large libraries.
For those who have not, the Smithsonian reprint above mentioned will be
found to be the most useful book to refer to. Nearly all the references
have been verified in the libraries of the British Museum and the Natural
History Museum at South Kensington; at the latter with the kind assistance of Mr. E. A. Smith, Curator in charge of the conchological collections.
1. Aurivillius and Leche.      Ofvers. of v. deaf Vega.-Expedit.,  2 parts.
Stockholm, 1883 87.
1a. Adams, A.
Proc. Zool. Soc., 1854.
•2.  Baird, W,
Proc. Zool. Soc, 1863.
Descriptions of new shells, collected by Lord, &c, in British Columbia. 4.
o.
6.
Broderip and Sowerby.     Voyage   to the Pacific  and Bering Straits,
performed in H. M. S. "Blossom," Capt. Beechey, R.N., 1825-28.
Zool. Journ., London, vol. iv., 1829.
Broderip, W. J.
Proc. Zool. Soc, p. 38., 1824.
8.
o
Trans. Zool. Soc, vol. i., p. 201, pi. 28, fig. 5.
Burton-Williamson, Mrs. Annotated List of Shells of San**Pedro Bay
and Vicinity.
Proc U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. xv., No. 848., 1S92.
This list is very well illustrated, and the plates contain sixteen figures of eleven species found in
British Columbia.
Carpenter, P. P., B. A., Ph.D. Description of (supposed) New Species
and Varieties of Shells, from the Californian and West Mexican Coasts.-
Principally in the collection of Hugh Cuming, Esq.
Proc. Zool. Soc, part xxiii., 1855.
-Description of Shells from the  Gulf of California,  and the  Pacific
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Coasts of Mexico and California, part II.    By A. A. Gould, M. D., and
P. P. Carpenter.
Proc Zool. Soc, part xxiv., 1856.
 Monograph of the Shells collected by T. Nuttall, Esq., on the Cali-
fornian Coast, 1834-35.
Proc Zool. Soc, part xxiv., 1856.
-Report of the Present State of our Knowledge with regard to the
Mollusca of the West Coast of North America..
Report of Brit. Assoc, for Adv. Sci. for 1856, published 1857.
 Cape St. Lucas Shells, collected by Xantus.
Proc Ac Nat. Sci., Phila., 1859.
Proc. California Acad. Sci., vol. iil, 1863-67,.
-Supplementary Report on the Present State of our Knowledge with
Regard to the Mollusca of the West Coast of North America.
Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, for 1863, published August, 1864.
This Report was reprinted with other papers, with a general iudex, as No. 25£ of the Smithsonian
Miscellaneous Collections.    Washington, December, 1872.
It contains a Table giving a complete list, with short descriptions, of all the West Coast Mollusca
known at that date, with their habitat and the principal collectors who obtained them. Short
title " 'lhe Mollusks of Western North America," by P. P. Carpenter, B. A., Ph. D.
The following papers (c. d. e. f. k. m. n.) are reprinted here :
■C Diagnoses   of   New  Forms   of   Mollusks,   collected   at  Cape
St. Lucas, Lower California.    By Mr. J. Xantus.
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., London, 1864.
i /<
34
15.
16.
17.
Natural History
-D. Contributions towards a Monograph of the Pandoridse.
Proc Zool. Soc, Nov. 1864.
 E. Diagnoses  of  New  Forms  of  Mollusca  from   the Vancouver
District.
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. xiv., Dec, 1864; and vol. xv., Jan., 1865.
 F. Diagnoses  of  New  Forms  of  Mollusca  from  the Vancouver
18.
District.
Proc Zool. Soc, Feb., 1865.
 K. Diagnoses of New Forms of Mollusca from the West Coast of
North America, first collected by Col. E. Jewett.
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. xv., 1865.
20.
19.  M. Diagnoses des Mollusques nouveaux provenant de Californie et
faisant parti du Musee de lTnstitution Smithsonienne.
Journ. de Conchyl, vol. xii., (3rd Ser., vol. v.) 1865.
 N. On the Pleistocene Fossils, collected by Col. E. Jewett, at Santa
Barbara, California ; with Descriptions of New Species.
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. xvil, 1866.
 Diagnoses of New Genera and Species of Mollusca, collected by Dr.
Kennerly near Puget Sound.
Proc Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., April, 1865.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
Chemnitz.    Martini's Conchy lien Cabinet, 1780-95.
Conrad, T. A.    Descriptions of New Marine Shells from Upper California, collected by Thomas Nuttall, Esq.
Journ. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., vol. vii. ; read Jan. and Feb. 1837; pub. 18,34-39;
■ American Marine Conchology.
 United  States  Exploring  Expedition under  Commodore Wilkes.
Vol. X.    Geology by J. D. Dana.    Appendix I., p. 723., Phila., 1849.
 Pacif. Railrcad Reports, Vol. V., 1856; Part 2, Geology. Appendix, Article II., Fossil Shells; and Preliminary Description of Fossil
Shells in Geological Report, Wash., 1855.
Crosse, H.    Moll. Behring Straits.
Journ. de Conchyl., vol. xxv.
Dall, W. H., A. M., &c.
Amer. Journ. Conchol., vol. v., Phila., 1869.
Amer. Journ. Conchol, vol. vl, 1871
Amer. Journ. Conchol, vol. vii., 1871. of British Columbia.
35
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
3'
38:
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
Amer. Naturalist, vol. v., 1871.
 Preliminary Description of New Species of Mollusks from the North-
West Coast of America.
Proc Calif. Acad. Sci., Oct., 1872.
 Preliminary Descriptions of  New   Species  of  Mollusca  from   the
Coast of Alaska, with notes on some rare forms.
Proc Calif. Acad. Sci., April, 1873.
Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., 1873.
Proc Calif. Acad. Sci., 1877.
-Report on the Limpets  and Chitons of the Alaskan and Arctic
Regions, &c.    Scientific Results of the Exploration of Alaska.   Art. IV.
Washington, 1878.
-Report of the  International   Polar Expedition to Point Barrow,
Alaska, by Lieutenant Ray.
Mollusca, p. 180, pi.— fig. 9, 1885.
 Contributions to the Natural History of the Commander Islands.
Proc U. S. Nat. Mus., Oct., 1886.
-Supplementary Notes on some   Species of Mollusks of the Bering
Sea and Vicinity.
Proc U. S. Nat. Mus., Oct., 1886.
-Scientific Results of Explorations by the U. S.  Fish Commission
Steamer Albatross.    Mollusca and  Brachiopoda obtained  in  1887-88,
p. 341.
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. xil, (No. 773) 1889.
-A Preliminary Catalogue of the Shell Bearing Marine Mollusks and
Brachiopods of the Southeastern Coast of the United States.
Bulletin No. 37, U. S. Nat. Mus., 1889.
-Scientific Results of Explorations by the U. S. Fish Commission Str
Albatross.    Gn some new or interesting West American Shells, &c, &c.
Proc U. S. Nat. Mus.,"vol. xiv., (No. 849) 1891.
 Notes on some recent Brachiopods.
Proc Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., 1891
Dall, W. H., and Pilsbry, H. A.
Nautilus, Phila., vol. v., June, 1891.
Davidson, T.     A Monograph of Recent Brachiopoda.
Trans. Linn. Soc, Lond, vol. iv., 1886-87. 36
Natural History
46. Deshayes, G. P.     Nouvelles  Especes  de  Mollusques,   provenant  des
cotes de la Californie, du Kamtschatka, &c.
Revue Zoologique par la Societe Cuvierenne, Paris, Dec, 1839.
47. 	
Magasin de Zoologie, Paris, 1840.
PI. 48, Cardium Laperousei.
48.
Proc. Zool. Soc, Lond., 1849.
48a.
Proc Zool. Soc, p. 357, Lond., 1854.
49.  Catalogue of Conchifera or Bivalve Shells in the Collection of the
British Museum.    Veneridae, 1853-54.
50. Dixon, Capt. Geo.    Voyage round the  World, but more particularly
to the N. W. Coast of America.    London, 1789.
51. Duclos, P. L.
Annales des Sciences Naturelles, vol. xxvi. , Paris, May, 1832.
52. Eschscholtz,  Dr. J. E.     Zoologische Atlas, &c,  Berlin,  May, 1829,
completed by Rathke, M. H., 1833.
53. Fischer, P.    Review of the B. A. Report, by Dr. P. P. Carpenter.
Journ. de Conchyl., p. 262, Paris, 1857.
54. 	
Journ. de Conchyl., vn., 299, t. 10, f. 2, 1859.
55. Fabricius, O.    Fauna Grcenlandica, Hafn., 1780.
56. Gmelin.    Linnaeus.    13th Edition. Lipsise, 1788-90.
57. Gabb, W. H.
Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. hi , 1863-67.
58. Gould, A. A, M. D.    Report on the  Invertebrata of Massachusetts.
Boston, 1841.
59. -Description of Shells from the Gulf of California and the Pacific
Coast of Mexico and California.
Proc Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., Nov., 1851.
Reprinted with additional descriptions and three plates, about 1855, being a report upon collections
made by Col. E. Jewett, Major W. Rich and Lieut. Green, between Panama and San Francisco.
60. -United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1835-42.
Mollusca, Phila., 1852.
61,
 Pacific Railroad Reports, Vol. V., part 2.     Appendix  Article 111
decent Shells. Freshwater and Marine.    1856. of British Columbia.
37
62. -Otia   Conchologica :      Descriptions of  Shells  and Mollusks, from
1839-62.
In this work are contained all Dr. Gould's descriptions of Shells published before April, 1862, with
emendations, and the dates of each imprint.
63. Gray, J. E., F. R. S. &c.
Zool. Journ., London, 1824-29.
63a.	
Ann. Phil., Vol. xn., p. 103, 1826
64.  Parry's Second Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage.
Zoology.    Appendix.    Supplement, 1824.
65. Capt. Beechey's Voyage to the Pacific and Bering Straits.      (See
No. 3.)    Zoology.    Molluscous Animals and their Shells.    Lond., 1839.
66.  	
Proc Zool. Soc, pp. 69 and 169, 1874.
67. Hinds, R. B.
t Proc Zool. Soc,1843,
68.  Voyage of H. M. S.  " Sulphur," Capt. Sir E. Belcher.      Vol. II.
Zoology.
Mollusca, 1844.
69. Jay, J. C.    Catalogue of Cabinet, 1839.
70. Jonas, J. H.    Zeitschrift fur Malakozoologie, No. 7, p. 163, 1845.
71. Keep, J.    West Coast Shells.    San Francisco, 1887.
72. Kobelt, W.    Jahrbuch der Deutsche Malakozoologie, 1876.
73.   Martini-Chemnitz; Neueste ausg., Monog. Trophon, Buccinum, &c,
73a. Krause, E.    Mollusca of Bering Sea.
Wiegm. Arch, fur Naturg., Berlin, 1885.
74. Lord, J. IL, F. Z. S.    The Naturalist in Vancouver Island and British
Columbia.    London, 1866.
75. Martyn, Thos.    Universal Conchologist.    London, 1784.
76. Mighels and Adams.
Boston Journal of Natural Science, 1843.
77. Middendorff,   Dr.  A.   Th.   von.    Beitrage  zu  einer  Malacozoologia
Rossica.    St. Petersbourg. 1847.
78.
-Reise  in  den  Aussersten  Norden und Osten Sibiriens.    Bd. II.
Zoologie.    Th. I. Wirbellose Thiere.    St. Petersbourg, 1851. 38
Natural History
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
 Bulletin de la Classe Physico-Mathematique de l'Acad. des Sciences
de St. Petersbourg, 1847 and 1849.
Moller, H. P. C.    Index Molluscorum Grcenlandise, 1842.
MCiller, 0. F.
Proc Zool. Dan., p. 237, Ham., 1776.
Philippi, R. A.
Proc Zool. Soc., 1845.
PlLSBRY,  H.  A.
Nautilus, Phila., July, 1890.
Redfield, J. H.
Ann. Lye Nat. Hist., New York, 1846.
Reeve, F.
Conchologia Iconica, London, 1846.
Conchologia Iconica, London, 1847.
Conchologia Iconica, London, 1863.
Renieri, St. A.    Tavola alfabetica delle Conchiglie Adriatiche.
Sars, G. O.    Moll. Reg. Arct. Nor v., Christiania, 1878.
Say, T.    American Conchology.    New Harmony, 1830-32.
Smith, E. A., F. Z. S. &c.   Descriptions of Twelve New Species of Shells.
Proc. Zool. Soc, 1880
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. vl, 1880.
-Observations   on   the   Genus   Astarte,   with a list of  the  known
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
recent species.
Journal of Conchology, London, July,  1881.
Sowerby, G. B.    Catalogue of the Shells contained in the collection of
the late Earl of Tankerville, &c, London, 1825.
 Conchological Illustrations, 1839.
—Thesaurus Conchyliornm, Vol. I.
Proc Zool. Soc,  1846.
Sowerby, J. and J. D. C.    Mineral Conchology.    London, 1824-46.
II of British Columbia.
39
99. Stearns, R. E. C.
100.
Proc Calif. Acad. Sci., 1873
 Scientific Results of Explorations by the IT. S. Fish Commission
Steamer Albatross.    XVII.      Descriptions  of  New  West  American
Land, Freshwater, and Marine Shells, &c.
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. xiil, (No. 813)* 1890.
101. Storer, D. H.
Boston Journ. of Nat. Hist., vol. ii., 1839.
102. Valenciennes, A.    Voyage autour du Monde sur la Venus pendant
les annees, 1836-39.    Par M. du Petit-Thouars.    Paris, 1846.
103. Wiiiteaves, J. F., F R. S. Can., &c.      On some Marine Invertebrata
from the West Coast of North America.
Canad. Naturalist,    vol. viil, (N. S., No. 8) Dec, 1878.
104.  Report  of   Progress   of  the   Geological   Survey  of   Canada,   for
1878-79.    Montreal, 1880.
This contains a list of shells collected by Dr. G. M. Dawson,  in the Queen Charlotte Islands and
descriptions of new species.
105.  Some Marine Invertebrata collected by Dr. G. M. Dawson on the
Coast of British Columbia.
Trans. Royal Soc. Can., Sec. 4, vol. iv., 1886.    Montreal, 1887.
106.
-Notes  on  some  Marine  Invertebrata from the Coast of British'
Columbia.
Trans. Ottawa Field Club, Dec, 1893.
107. Wood, W.    General Conchology.    London, 1815.
 Williamson, Mrs. Burton.
Referred to under B.
OS
s 40
Natural History
ABBREVIATIONS.
Collectors.
G. M. D.
J. R.
f£ H. S.
G. W. T.
W. H.
C. F. N.
W. H. D.
G. M. Dawson, L.L.D., Geological Survey of Canada.
J. Richardson, Geological Survey of Canada.
Natural History Society of British Columbia.
Rev. G.'W. Taylor, Victoria
Mr. W. Harvey, Comox.
C. F. Newcombe, M.D., Victoria.
Dr. Dall, of U. S. National Museum,  Washington, quoted
as authority for species.
Places.
Vic. Victoria, on the south-east coast of Vancouver Island.
Dep. Bay.        Departure Bay,  near Nanaimo, east   coast  of  Vancouver
Island.
Q. Ch. Sd.      Queen Charlotte Sound,  off the north-east coast of Vancouver Island.
Q. C. I. Queen Charlotte Islands, about 130 miles to the north-west
of the northern end of Vancouver Island.
Quatsino Sound is on the north-west coast; Clayoquot and Barclay Sounds
on the south-west coast of Vancouver Island. of British Columbia.
41
LIST  OP SPECIES.
CLASS BRACHIOPODA
Family RHYNCONELLIDAE
Genus Hemithyris D'Orbigny
JET. psittacea L.
Vic, living, (J. R.) dead, (G. W. T., C. F. N.)      Discovery  Passage and
Johnstone Strait, (G. M. D.)    Low water to 70 fms.
Genus Terebratulina D'Orbigny
T. caput serpent is L., var. xingtvicula (Cpr. 17) Davidson 45.
Vic, (J. R., G. W. T., C. F. N.)   Strait of Georgia, (G.M.D.)   20to70fms.
In the Nautilus (44)  Messrs.   Dall and  Pilsbry figure  this species and
compare it with var. Kiiensis Dall., from Japan.
Genus Terebratella D'Orbigny
T. transversa Sby.    97.
Vic, (G.W.T., N.H.S.. C.F.N., J.R.) Dep. Bay and Comox, (C.F.N.)
Q.Ch.Sd., and Q.C.I., (G.M.D.)    10 to 40 fms.
In Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci, Phil., (43) Mr. Dall figures this species, which
is smooth and found in deeper water than the following variety.
T. transversa, var. cauv'ma Gld.    62.
Vic, (G.W.T., CRN.)   Vesuvius Bay, Salt Spring L, (G.W.T.)   Nanoose
Bay, St. of Georgia, (Cowley).    Comox, (Harvey).    Low water.
Mr. Dall (loc. cit.) retains Gould's name for the rough variety.
Genus Laqueus Dall
X.  Californicus Dall.    31.    Var.   Vancouverensis Davidson.    45.
Vic,   (J.R.,   C.F.N.)      Discovery  Passage,   Johnstone St.,   and  Q.C.I.
(G.M.D.)    20 to 70 fms.
This is a smaller shell than that found in California, though the foramen
is comparatively larger.—(Dav.)    Colour, livid yellowish brown.
A    11
X. fimbriata Jeffrey.
Vic, (G. W. T.)
CLASS PELECYPODA
Family TEREDID^E
Genus Xylotria Leach
IE 42
Natural History
A. hij>iiinntu Jeffrey.
Vic, (G. W. T., C. F. N.)    In driftwood and piles.
Genus Xylophaga Turton.
X. dors a lis Turton.
Vic, (C.F.N.)    Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)    In driftwood, &c.
Family PHOLADIDAE
Genus Nettastomella Cpr.
2V. Darwitiii Sby.   13,17.
Vancouver Island, (Lord.)
Genus Zirph^ea Leach
Z. rrisjiti tn   L.
Gordon Head, near Vic, (G.W.T.) Q.C.I.. (G.M.D.) Burrowing in hard
clay, (G.W.T.)
Genus Pholadidea  Turton
J*. p< iiitn Conr.    7, 23.
Vic, (G.W.T., C.F.N., J.R.) Salt Spring L, (G.W.T., C.F.N.) Comox,
(W.H., C.F.N.)    West Coast of V.I., (Skinner).    In shale and limestone,
P. ovoidea Gld.   62.
Vic, (J.R.)
Family SAXICAVID^E
Genus Saxicava F. deBellevue
S. nlmlnii is L., and varieties €krcti,en,t «iv.
Vic, (G.W.T, C.F.N-) Salt Spring I. and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, C.F.N.)
Comox, (W.H, C.F.N.)    Quatsino Sd, <fcc, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
,S'. (Panopcea) Norvegica, Spengler.
Vic, dead specimens, (G.W.T., C.F.N.)
Genus Glycimeris Lamarck
(•. i/i'iiifosii Gld.    60, 62.
Vic, dead, (N.H.S, C.F.N.) Comox, Deep Bay, (C.F.N.) Clayoquot Sd,
(Spreadborough and C.F.N.) Several living, at more than two feet below
the surface.    Low water.
Well figured by Stearns in " Fisheries and Fish Industries of U. S," by
Goode, G. B., Washington, 1884. of British Columbia.
43
Family MYID^E
Genus My a L.
3£. trttticata L.
Vic, (N.H.S, CF.N.) several dead. Salt Spring I, living, (C. F. N.)
Comox and Clayoquot, (CF.N.) Discovery Passage, Johnstone St., Q.Ch.Sd,
Quatsino Sd, and"Q.CI, (G.M.D.) Between tides. In boulder-clay, Vic,
(C.F.N, &c)
3F. arenaria L.
Cadboro' Bay, Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) St. of Georgia to Comox, (CF.N)
Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)
Not on the earliest lists, and supposed by some to have been introduced
from the Atlantic together with oyster spat. It has frequently been found
as a fossil in the boulder-clay at Victoria and other places.
Genus Cryptomya Conrad
C Californica Conr.   23, 7.
Vic*, (G.W.T, CF.N.) to Comox, (W.H,C,F.N.) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)
Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    At low water.
Genus Schizoth^erus Conrad
S. Nuttalli Conr.   23, 26.
Generally distributed.    One of the principal edible molluscs.    Frequently
shelters the crab Pinnotheres faba, Dana.
Genus Darina
J), declivis Cpr.   13, 17.
Near Victoria, (Lord.)
Family CORBULID^E
Genus Sph^enia Turton
S. ovoidea Cpr.   13, 21.
Puget Sound, (Dr. Kennerley.)
Genus Cuspidaria Nardo
C. ( Cardiomya) pectinata Cpr.   13, 21.
Vic, rare, (CF.N.) Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) St, of Georgia, Discovery Passage, Johnstone St, Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Comox,
(W.H.)    At 15 to 70 fms.    (Necera pectinata.)
Family PANDORID^E
Genus Pandora Hwass
Sub-genus Clidiophora Cpr.
C. punctata Conr.   23,15.
de
West Coast of V. I, (Wilkinson)    Clayoquot Sd, a few living and many
ad specimens, (CF.N.)    In clean sand, 3 to 10 fms.
*t Subgenus Kennerlia Cpr.
_K. gran if is Dall.    35.
Vic , (N.H.S, G.W.T, CF.N.) Discovery Passage, Johnstone St, (G.M:
D.) Apparently collected first in B. C. by J. Richardson, 1872. 10 to 20
fms. and upwards.
K. filosaJOpr.    13, 15.
Vic," not frare, (N.H.S, G.W T, CF.N.) St. of Georgia, Quatsino Sd,
and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Comox and Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N )
Family ANATINID^E
Genus Thracia Leach
T. curta Conr.   23, 7.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) rare. Deep Bay, Comox, (CF.N.) Clayoquot
Sd, (CF.N.) Quatsino Sd. and Q.C.I., (G.M.D.) Dead specimens mostly.
10 to 40 fms.
T. Bering I Dall.    M. S.
Vic, a dead valve, (G.W.T.) examined and named by W.H.D.
Genus Entodesma Philippi
E. saocicola Baird.   2.
Vic and Salt Spring I., (G.W.T, CF.N.) Comox, (W.H, CF.N.)
Clayoquot Sd, (C.F.N.) Port Neville, Johnstone St, Beaver Harbour and
Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Low tide. In crevices of rocks. Also with Mytilus edidis
on floating stages.
Genus Mytilimeria Conrad
M. Nuttalli Conr.   23, 7.
Vic, three living and two dead specimens, (CF.N.) Clayoquot Sd, a
few dead, (CF.N.) Comox, dead but very large, (W.H.) Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Low water to 20 fm's.      Usually cracks when drying.
Family SOLENIDtE
Genus Solen Linn
S, sicarius Gld.   60, 62.
Vic, living, (N.H.S, C.F.N., G.W.T.) Comox, and Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)
Genus Siliqua Megerle
S. pa tula Dixon.   50.   (Machavra patula)
Vic, dead, (G.W.T, C.F.N.) One jr. living, Vic, (CF.N.) Clayoquot
Sd, living, (CF.N.)    Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) of British Columbia.
45
Family TELLINID^
Genus Psammobia Lamarck
JP. rubroradiata Nutt.   23, 7.
Vic, dead, (CF.N.) Comox, (Cowley, CF.N,. W.H.) Clayoquot Sd,
(CF.N.) Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) At low water, rare living. Barclay Sd, (Prof.
Macoun.)
Genus Macoma Leach
31. sect a Conr.. 23, 7.
Vic, Salt Spring I, Comox, Dep. Bay, Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N. and others)
Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Near low water.
31. nasuta Conr.    23, 7.
Generally distributed.
31. inquinata Desh.    48a.
Vic, Salt Spring I, Dep. Bay, Comox, Clayoquot Sd, Sooke, Quatsino Sd,
and Q.C.I, (various collectors.)    Near low water.
31. ca lea vea Chemn.
Vic, dead, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) 20 to
111 fms.    Also fossil in boulder-clay, (C.F.N.)
31. yoliliformis Cpr.    13, 21.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Comox, (W.H, CF.N )
Quatsino Sd, (G.M.D.)
31. inconspicua Brod. andSby.    3.
Generally distributed, Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) In sandy bays, at and near low
water.
31. expansa Cpr.    13, 21.
Puget Sound, (Kennerley).
31. sp. nov.
Clayoquot Sd, (C.F.N.)    Near low water mark.
Mr. Dall states that he has this shell froni Port Etches and Sitka.
Genus Tellina Linn
T. Goal (Hi Cpr.    13, 19.
Young specimens, Comox, (C.F.N.) Mr. Dall states that these may be-
the young of T. ivjlatitla, Dall.    Dredged in 10 fms.
T. JBodegensis Hinds.   67, 68.
Clayoquot Sd, at low tide, several living specimens, (C.F.N.) North and
north-west coast of Vancouver Island, (G.M.D.)
ft-j m 46
Natural History
T. (AngnlusJ. variegata Cpr.    13, 16.
Quatsino Sd, (G.M.D.)
T. (Angulus) moilesta Cpr.    13, 21.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Comox and Clayoquot Sd,(C.F.N.) St of Georgia,
(G.M.D.)    Low water to ten fms.
T. (Angulas) obtusa Cpr.    13, 21.
Discovery Passage, Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd, (G.M.D.)
T. (3Iwra) salmtmea Cpr.    13, 16.
Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Quatsino Sd, Q.Ch.Sd, Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Low
water to 10 fms. and upwards.
Germs (Edalina Cpr.
(E. subdiaphana Cpr.    13, 19.
One living specimen, at low water, Clayoquot Sd, (C.F.N.)    [W.H.D. ]
Genus Semele Schumacher
S. rubropicta Dall.    30.
Vic, dead, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Dep. Bay. (G.W.T, CF.N.) Clayoquot
Sd, (CF.N.) In 20 fms. "The type of S. rubrolineata, Conr, was lost; this
is not the shell latterly known by that name."   [W.H D.l
Genus Cumingia Sowerby
C.  Californica Conr.    23.
Barclay Sound, near Alberni, one specimen, (Prof. Macoun.)
Family MACTRID^ " ||
Genus Mactra Linn
31. (Standella) plannlata Conr.
■/, 5S3.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)     Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)      Comox,  (W.H.)     Low
water to 20 fms.    [W.H.D.]
31. (Standella) falcata Gld.    52, 54.
Dead, one large specimen and valves.      Vic, (CF.N.)      Comox,  (W.H,
CF.N.)     Q.C.I.,  (G.M.D.)     [W.H.D]     Dead specimens on beach,  and
dredged in 15 fms.
Family VENERIDJE
Genus Psephis Cpr.
P. tantiUa Gld.    62.
Vic, (Lord, G W.T, CF N.)    Gordon Head, Saanich Arm , Comox, and
Clayoquot Sd, (C.F.N.)    At low water, in the mud under large stones. of British Columbia.
47
P. JLordi Baird.   2.
Whole coast to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Plentiful at Clayoquot, (CF.N.) Low
water to 25 fms, in sandy mud.
Genus Clementia
C. subdiaphana Cpr   13, 21.
Vic, living, large, (N.H.S.) Junr. living, and large dead, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
Dep. Bay, Deep Bay, Comox, and Clayoquot Sd , (CF.N, W.H.) Quatsino
Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) In 15 to 40 fms. and upwards. Well figured by
Dall. in paper on "Albatross Mollusca."    (42.)
Genus Venus Linn
V. Kennerleyi Rve. 87.    13, 21.
Vic, living, (N.H.S.) dead, (G.W.T, CF.N.)   Dep. Bay, (CF.N
Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    10 to 30 fms
Q.Ch.
Genus Tapes Megerle
T. statu inea Conr., and varieties.   23,7.
An edible mollusc.    Between tides, from Vic to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.
T. tenerrima Cpr.   8, 13.
Vic, dead, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Cadboro Bay, V.I, living, (G.W.T.) Dep.
Bay, and Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Low water, sand and sandy mud. Valves
plentiful at Clayoquot Sd.
Genus Saxidomus Conrad
#. squalid as Desh.    49.
An edible mollusc.    Common everywhere, to Q.C.I.    Between tides.
Family PETRICOLID^E. '|j|f
Genus Petricola Lamarck
JP   carditoides Conr.    23, 7.
Vic, (J.R.)    Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) young.    [W.H.D.J     |:      §     -|tij
Family CARDIID^E
Genus Cardium Linn
C   NuttalU Conr.    23, 7. %
Common everywhere to Q.C.I., (G.M.D.)    Between tides.
C. blandum Gld.    60, 62.
Vic, abundant. Dep. Bay, Comox, Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Q.Ch.Sd,
Q.C.I, G.M.D.    10 to 40 fms.
As Gould (62) says, its form varies from circular to transversely oval.
f 48
Natural History
C. centlfilosti.ni Cpr.    13.    Fuleia niodesta and C. JRichardsoni,  106.
Vic, and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)     Between Race  Rocks and Victoria Har
bour, (J. R.)
Genus Serripes Beck
~S.  Greenland ic us Chemn.    22.
Vic, dead, (G.W.T.) Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Deep Bay, near
Comox,s living, (CF.N.) [W.H.D.] In 20 fms. Fossil, in boulder-clay in
several localities, (CF.N.)
S. Lajierousii Deshayes.    46, 47.
One living specimen taken by J. Richardson.
•':' '•    Family CARDITID^E ^^^8l
Genus Venericardia Lamarck
V. borealis Conr.    24, 58, 100.
St. of Georgia, Q.Ch Sd, Quatsino Sci, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) See No. 100,
plate XVI, fig. 8. At page 217 in the same paper V. borealis is compared
with the following species.
V. ventrlcosa Gld. . 52, 54, 100.
Whole coast to Q.C.I., (G.M.D.)    15 to 111 fms. ;f
See Stearns, (No. 100) plate XVI, figs. 5 and 6.
Genus Carditamera Conr, 1838.     100.
(Lazaria Gray, 1853.)
C. subquadiiita Cpr.    13, 18, 100.
On kelp, living, Barclay sound, (Cowley). In Indian collection from
West coast of V. I, (Prov. Mus.)
Family IAJCINIDJE
Genus Lucina Brug
X. tenuisculpta Cpr.    13,21.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Comox, very large,
(CF.N, W.H.) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) St. of Georgia, Quatsino Sd,
and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    15 to 30 fms. and upwards.    Mud, and sandy mud.
Jj. acutiUneata Conrad.    25, 100.
Vic, living, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Clayoquot Sd, perfect, dead specimens
abundant at low water, (CF.N.) Quatsino Sd. and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) 8 to
111 fms. This is the shell usually listed as L. filosa, Stimpson. (Shells of
New England, 1851, p. 17,) [W.H.D.] Stearns, loc. cit., gives figures of
L. Jilosa, pi. XVII, figsi 5 and 6. of British Columbia..
49
X. (Cryptodon) sericata Cpr.   13, 21.
Esquimalt, in mud, plentiful, (CF.N.) Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
Comox, and Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)    Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
X. (Cryptodon) flexuosa Mont.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)     St.'of Georgia, Quatsino Sd,  and Q.CL, (G.M.D.)
Family  DIPLODONTID^
Genus Diplodonta Brown
2>. orbella Gld.    62.
Dead, Dep. Bay and Vesuvius Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Comox, (W. H,
CF.N.) Malaspina Inlet, North or North-west Coast of V.I, and Q.CL,
(G.M.D.)    Low water to 20 fms.    Mud.
I Family KELLIAD^E
Genus Kellia Turton
K. Xifiperousii Desh.    13.
Vic, Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Comox, large and thick, (W.H,CF.N.)
Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Malaspina Inlet, (G.M.D.) Usually hidden in
mud in dead shells.    Low water to 20 fms. and upwards.
K. Z,aperousii, var. Chironii, Cpr.    13, 19.
St. of Georgia and Johnstone St.    At low water, living, (G.M.D.)
K. suborbicularis Mont.
Vic, (G.W.T.)    Q.CL, (G.M.D.)
Genus Lasea Leach
X. rubra Mont.
Vic, (G.W.T.)    On kelp.
Genuo Tellimya Brown
T. tumida Cpr.   13, 21.
Vic, G.W.T, CF.N.) Oak Bay, (Prof. Macoun). Gordon Head, V.I.
Clayoquot and Comox, (CF.N.) Q.CL, (G.M.D.) Low water to 20 fms.
Sand or mud.
Genus Pythina
P. rugifera Cpr.    13, 21.
Puget Sound, (Kennerley.) 50
Natural History
Genus LeptoN Turton
X. rude Whiteaves.   104.
Vic, (Dr. Hasell, CF.N.) Comox, (W.H.) Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Attached,
when living to abdominal segments of Gebia pugettensis, the common "mud
prawn." Referred to by Stimpson in Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist, Vol. VI—
No. IV, 1857, p. 488.
Family ASTARTID^E
Genus Astarte J. Sowerby
A   Esquimaui Baird.    2, 93.
Vic, rare, (CF.N.) Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) St. of Georgia, Discovery Passage, Johnstone St, Q.Ch.Sd. and Q.CL, (G.M.D.) "Closely
related to A. (Rhectocyma) mirabilis, Dall.    [E. A. Smith, 93.]
A   compacta Cpr.   13, 21, 93.
Puget Sound, (Kennerley). A small species, apparently not taken
recently.
A   undata Gld.    var. of  58, 62, 93.
Vic, (G.W.T, N.H.S, CF.N.) Dep. bay, (CF.N.) Q.CL, (G.M.D.)
St of Georgia, Discovery Passage, and Johnstone St., (G.M.D.) 15 to 30
fms.    Sandy mud.
Mr. Whiteaves, (Trans. R. S. Can, Sec. 4, Vol. IV, 1886), states that
Dr. Dawson's specimens from the St. of Georgia, can scarcely be separated
from examples of a variety of A. undata, dredged in the Atlantic, off
Prince Edward's Island.
Genus Miodon Cpr.
M prolongatus Cpr.   13, 16,100.
Vic, (CF.N.) Vesuvius Bay, (G.W.T.) Dep. Bay, (CF.N.) Q.C.I,
(G.M.D.)    Between tides to 20 fms.
See Stearns, (100) pi. XVI, figs. 7 and 9, and p. 217. Also found by
Dall in Alaska.
Family MYTILIDJE
Genus Mytilus Linn
31   Califomiantts Conr.
Generally distributed to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)     Very large on (he West coast.
Between tides.
3t  edtilis Linn.
Generally distributed to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) of British Columbia.
51
Genus Modiola Lamarck
31. Taylori Dall, M. S.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) First collected by the Rev. G. W. Taylor. On
coralline, in tide pools.
3f. recta Conr., var. flnbellata. Gld.    23, 7, 52, 54.
Vic, (Dall.) Ganges Harbour, Salt Spring I, living, (CF.N.) Clayoquot
Sd, (CF.N.) Comox, dead, not uncommon, (W.H.) Between tides, in
sandy mud.
31. modiolus Linn.
Generally distributed to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Low water, in sandy mud.
Subgenus Adula H. and A. Adams
A. sty Una Cpr.    13, 16.
Vic, (Lord, CF.N.) Boring into claystone, attached by a byssus to its
burrow.
Genus Modiolaria Beck
3f. laevigata Gray.    64.
Vic , not uncommon, (N.H.S, CF.N, G.W.T.) Dep. Bay, (G.W.T,C.F.N.)
Port Neville, near Johnstone St.     At low water, living, (G.M.D.)
31. nigra Gray.    64.
Vic and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Comox, (CF.N.) St. of Georgia,
Discovery Passage and Q.Ch.Sd,  (G.M.D.)
Genus Crenella Brown
C decussata Mont.
Generally distributed to Q.CL, (G.M.D.)     Jf
Family ARCIDJE
Genus Axin^ea Poli
A. subobsoleta Cpr.    13, 16.
Clayoquot Sd, living, (CF.N.) Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M.D.) Q.CL, (G.M.D.
and J. Deans).    Low water to 30 fms.
.§" Family NUCULIDiE
Genus Nucula Lamarck
IT. tenuis Mont., var. lucida Gld.   13.
Generally distributed to Q.CL,  (G.M.D.)
3T. (Acila) casirensls Hinds.    67, 68.
Vic, (N.H.S, G.W.T, CF.N.) Dep. Bay, very abundant, (G.W.T,
CF.N.)    Quatsino Sd, and Q.CL, (G.M.D.)    About 10 to 20 fms, in mud.
i 52
Natural History
Family  LEDID^J
Genus Led a Schumacher
X.  mi nut a O. Fab
Vic, Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.. CF.N.)     Comox, (CF.N.)
Q.C.L, (G.M.D.
Quatsino Sd, and
X. fossa Baird.    2.
Vic, (Lord).    Discovery Passage, (G.M.D.)
X. acuta Conr.
Rare, Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Genus Yoldia Morch
r. lanceolata. J. Sby.   98.
Vic, (C.F.N., N.H.S.)    Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.)     Near Comox, very
large, (W.H, CF.N.)    Quatsino Sd, and Q C.I, (G.M.D.)
Y. amygdala Cpr.    13, 102.
Vie, (CF.N.) rare.    Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)    Comox, (CF.N.)
1.  fimutnla Say.    90.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)
Y. 111 euri<■ j'i>rm is Storer.   101.
Quatsino Sd, (G.M.D )
Y.  Vancouverensis E. A. Smith.   92.
1 Near Vic, (J. Vidler).
Family AVICULID^E
Genus Bryophila Cpr.
it. srtosu Cpr.    18, 14.
Virago Sound, Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Family PECTINID^J
Genus Limatula S. Wood
X.   suhn ii ri ru In tn   Moilt.
Johnstone St, and Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M 1 >.)
Genus Pecten L
inn
P. ha status Sby.   96.
Vic, Dep. Bay, Comox, Clayoquot Sd, Quatsino Sd.
to 40 fms.
Q.C
I.     Low water of British Columbia.
53
P. hastatus var. rubidus Hinds.   67, 68.
Not so plentiful as the last, but widely distributed.
P. AlasTzensis Dall.    30.
In a glacial shell deposit, Pt. Holmes, Comox, (W.H, CF.N.)   [W.H.D.]
See too, 41, figs. 7,'7a. of pi. V.
Pecten (Pseudamusiutn) Vancouver ens is Whiteaves.    106.
Forward Inlet, Quatsino Sd, in 10 to 20 fms, mud, 1885, (G.M D.) One
living specimen. A very small shell, measuring in height 7.50 mm.; length,
7.75 mm. Also collected in Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) (P. Alaskensis
Whiteaves, non Dall.    105.)
Genus Hinnites Defrance
H. giganteus Gray.   63.
Vic, Esquimalt; Comox, (W.H ) Clayoquot Sd, (C.F.N.) Malaspina
Inlet, Fort Rupert, Quatsino Sd, and Q.CL, (G.M.D.) Attached to rocks
and boulders at and below low water mark.
Genus Amusium Schumacher
A. caurinum Gld.    62.
Race Rocks, near Vic , (J. Vidler, G.W.T.) Baynes Sd, (J.R, CF.N )
Comox, (W.H.)
A young valve of this species is figured by Dall, Mollusca of the Blake
Expedition, also in 41, pi. V, fig. 4.
Family OSTREIDJE
Genus Ostrea Linn
O. lurida Cpr.    13, 19.
Victoria Arm and Kuper I, (G.W.T.) Sooke, Oyster Bay, Clayoquot
and Baynes Sd, (CF.N.) Malaspina Inlet and Blunden Harbour, Q.Ch.
Sd, (G.M.D.) The last mentioned is the most northerly locality yet
recorded for oysters on the coast of British Columbia, (Whiteaves).
O.  Virginica Gmelin.
Reported living, but scarce, in Victoria Arm, where it was introduced
about ten years ago.
Family ANOMIAD^S
Genus Placuanomia Broderip
P. macroschisma Desh.   46.
Generally distributed, reaching Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Low water to 40 fms.
and upwards. 54
Natural History
CLASS SCAPHOPODA.
Family DENTALIID^S
Genus Dentalium L.
JD. pretiosum Nuttall.    13, 74.    D. Xndianormn Cpr.
Dead on beach Clayoquot Sd, (C.F.N.) Reported at Quatsino Sd to Dr.
Dawson.    Dead, Q CI, (G.M.D)
Lord, No. 74, describes the Indian method of collecting when used as
money. The Hudson's Bay Company state that they are no longer of any
value for trading with Indians.
JD. recti us Cpr.    13, 21.
Collected in B. C. bv J. Richardson.
Genus Cadulus Philippi
C. aberrans Whiteaves.   105.
Quatsino Sd, (G.M.D.)    Also collected at Catalina Island, California,  by
Dr. J. G. Cooper.    [W.H.D.]
GLASS GASTROPODA.
Family BULLID^E
Genus Haminea Leach
H. hydatis L.
Victoria Arm, (G.W.T.)     Esquimalt Harbour,  (N.H S.)
bour, Comox, Clayoquot Sd, Dep Bay, (CF.N.)
Ganges Har
Family SCAPHANDRlD^
Genus Cylichna Loven
C. attonsa Cpr.   13, 21.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)     St. of Georgia,  Quatsino Sd. and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Comox, (W.H, C F N.)    Clayoquot Sd. (C.F.N.)    [W.H.D.]
Genus Diaphana Brown
J>. dchilis Gld.    58, 62.
On kelp, Vic, (G.W.T.)
Family ACT^EONID^]
Genus Action Montfort
Section Rictaxis Dall
Actoson ( Jlictu.ris) pitnrtocntutus Cpr.    13, 19.
Dead on beach, north end of V.I, (Anderson).      On east side of Denman
Island, near Comox, (W.H.) of British Columbia.
oo
Family TORNATINID^E
Genus Tornatina  A. Adams
T. ineulia Gld.    61.
Departure Bay, (G.W.T.)
T. eximia Baird.    2.
Vic and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Ganges Harbour, Clayoquot Sd,
Comox, (CF.N.)    St. of Georgia, Discovery Passage, Q.Ch.Sd,   and   Q.CL
(G.M.D.)
T. harpa Dall.   30.
Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Five fathoms sand. New to the district.  [W.H.D.]
T. cere| I is Gld.    54.
Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Comox, (W.H.)   In sand, 5 to 20 fms. [W.H.D.]
Family SIPHONARIID^E |
Genus Siphonaria Sby.
S.  Thersites Cpr.    13, 16.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd,
and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Between tides, hardly to be distinguished from the
rocks to which they cling. Also found on Bering Island by the Vega Arctic
Expedition, (see la.)
:>:' Family MOPALIID^
Genus Mopalia Grav
Between  tides,
[H.A.P.]
* M. muscosa Gld.   62, 36, 13.
Generally distributed, Vic,  Clayoquot Sd,  (C.F.N.&c)
" Jugal sinus, seen from within, is very small and narrow."
3f. mtiscosa, var. Hindsii Gray.    66, 36, 13.
Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    A dark smooth form.        *■
* 31. muscosa, sub-species lignosa Gld.    62, 36, 13.
Vic, Clayoquot Sd, Salt Spring I, Nanaimo, Comox, &c, (CF.N, &c)
St. of Georgia, Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Between
tides, common.
* 31. ciliata Sowerby.   95> 36, 13.
Vic, Clayoquot Sd, Salt Spring I, Nanaimo, Comox, &c, (C.F.N, &c)
" Jugal sinus, seen from within, broad. and rounded. Ribs of head valve
weak."    [H.A.P.]
Mil 56
Natural History
31. ciliata, var.  Wosnessenshii Midd.   79, 36,13.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Salt Spring I, Clayoquot Sd, Dep. Bay, Comox,-
Arc, (C.F.N.) St. of Georgia, Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd, and
Q.CI, (G.M.D.)
* 3£. imporcata Cpr.   13, 21, 36.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Ganges Harbour and Comox, (CF.N.) Johnstone St., (G.M.D.) "High angled, with the back edge of each valve serrated, head valve with very strong ribs."    [H.A.P.]    10 to 25 fms.
* These have been examined by Mr. H. A. Pilsbry, of the Academy of Natural Science, Philadelphia.
* 3£. sinuata Cpr.    13, 21, 36.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) " High angled, back edge of valves not serrated,
head valves with strong ribs. Surface reticulated by two sets of curved
riblets.    [H.A.P.]
Family CRYPTOCHITONID^E
Genus Cryptochiton Midd. and Gray
* C. Stelleri Midd.    78. 36.
Whole coast to Q.O.I.    At and near low water
Genus Katherina Gray
f JS.. tunicata Wood.   107, 36.
Whole coast to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Between tide marks.      A favorite delicacy with the Indians, and occasionally to be seen in the market.
Family LEPTOCHITONID^E
Genus Leptochiton Gray
*  X.  can eel lat us Sby.    95, 36.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)   Dep. Bay, and Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)   Q.Ch.Sd.
(G.M.D.)    Under stones at low water and dredged in 20 fms.
Family ISCHNOCHITONIDiE
Genus Trachydermon Cpr.
T   denti+ns Gld.    62, 36.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)    Clayoquot Sd, (C F.N.)    In tide pools.
* T flectens Cpr.   13, 21, 36.
Vic. and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)    Small, rose coloured.    Dredged in 10 fms.
and upwards.
Genus Tonicella Cpr.
4  T. Uncut a Wood.   107, 38.
Whole coast to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    In tide pools. of British Columbia.
.7
T. marmorea 0. Pab.   55, 36.
Q.C.I, two specimens, (G.M.D.)
T. submarmorea Midd.   78, 36.
Vic. and Vesuvius Bay, Salt Spring L, (G.W.T.) South end of Galiano
Island, (C.F.N.)    Very rare.    Taken on rocks between tides.
Genus Ischnochiton Cpr.
* X interstinctus Gld.    60, 62, 36.
Vic, common, to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Dredged in 10 to 40 fms.
* I. trifida Cpr.    13, 21. 36.
Q.Ch.Sd, one living, (G.M.D.)    Q.C.I, one specimen, (G.M.D.)
* X Mertensii Midd.   79, 36.
Vic, Dep. Bay, Comox, Clayoquot Sd. to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
* X reteporosus Cpr.   13, 21.
Vic, (CF.N.) ;i
* X reteporosus, var. punctatus Whiteaves.    105.
Discovery Passage, (G.M.D.) UA feebly marked variety, distinguished
by its colour."    [H.A.P]
Genus Ch.etopleura Shuttleworth
C. Hartwegii Cpr.   7, 13, 36.
Vic, (G W.T.)    Q CI, (G.M.D.)
C. Hartwegii, var. Nuttallil Cpr.    7, 13, 36.
Vancouver District, (Swan).
Family ACANTHOPLEURID^
Genus Nuttallina Cpr.
Nuttallina scabra Rve.   86, 13, 36.
Puget Sound, (Dr. Kennerley). " Exposed headlands, at and above high
water mark, in crevices of rocks.    Vancouver District," Dall, 36.
Family ACM^IDiE
Genus Acm^ea Esch, 52, 36.
A. mitra Esch.   52, 36, 29.
Abundant in rocky tide pools, Vic Reaches to Q.C.I, (G.M.D, J. Deans)
Usually coated with nodules of nullipore, pink or green Sometimes harbours a commensal worm, a species of Lepidonotus, (CF.N.) 58
Natural History
4. . testudinalis Muller.   81.   var. patina Esch.   52, 36.
Between tides. " Specimens of patina from Sitka and the Aleutian
Islands are indistinguishable from specimens of the same size from Eastport,
Maine," Dall, 36.
Vic,   Cadboro3
A. testudinalis, var. alveus Dall.   36.
Narrowed by living on a frond of seaweed or  Zostera.
Bay, (G.W.T.)
./. testudinalis, var. scutum Esch.   52, 36, 29.
Between tides.
A. pelt a Esch.    52, 36, 29.
Between tide marks, Vic to Q.C.I.
A. persona Esch.   52, 36, 29.
Between and sometimes above tide marks, (Dall, 36).    Vic. to Q.C.I.
The rough form (.4   digitalis Esch, 52.) is more common than the smooth.
A. instubilis Gld.    60, 36, 29.
Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Vic, and Barclay Sd, (Cowley). Rare at Vic;
abundant, dead, on the West coast of VI. Lives on the stems of Macro-
cystis, the giant kelp.    Flattened laterally.
Family LEPETID^E
Genus Cryptobranchia Dall ex Midd.
('. concentrica Dall.   78, 36, 28.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N, N.H.S.) Comox, Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Q.Ch.
Sd, Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Low water to 80 fms. Sculpture
usually faint.
Family FISSURELLID^E
Genus Fissuridea Swainson, 1840.
F. aspera Esch.    52.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Salt Spring I, and Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) St.
of Georgia, Johnstone and Brousfhton Sts., Goletas Channel, North-west
coast of V.I, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) At or near low water mark. Frequently
shelters a commensal parasitic worm, Lepidonotus Lordi, Baird, ('four out
of six,' Lord, 74. Vol. II, p. 10.)
Genus Puncturella Lowe
P. Cooperi Cpr.   12, 13.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)    In 20 fms. of British Columbia.
59
P. galeata Gld.    60, 62.
Vic, (G.W.T, N.H.S, CF.N.) Dep. Bay, Comox and Clayoquot Sd,
(CF.N.) Discovery Passage, Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd., and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
8 to 25 fms.
P. cucullata Gld.   60, 62.
Vic and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) At the
same stations as the last species, (G.M.D.) Low tide to 30 fms. Often
found to contain a commensal worm, a species of Lepidonotus, (C.F.N.)
Genus Megatebennus Pilsbry
M. bimaculaUis Dall.    30.
In roots of Macrocystis, living, Clayoquot Sd, and on beach, dead, (CF.N.)
Q,CI, dead, (G.M.D )    Hole enormous in proportion to size of shell.
Genus Emarginula Lamarck
E. crassa J. Sby.
With starfishes, dredged by Dr. Dawson in Q.C.I.     Vide Whiteaves, 107.
J Family HALIOTID^E
Genus Haliotis Linn
H. Kamtschatkana Jonas.    70.
Clayoquot Sd, dead, (CF.N.) Port Neville on the Mainland, and on the
north and north-west coast of V.T., and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Just below low
water mark.
Family TURBINID^
Genus Leptothyra Cpr.
L. bacula Cpr.    12, 13.
Vic, and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.) j|
X. Carpenteri Pilsbry.   83.    (L. sanguinea (Linn) Cpr.)
Vic, dead, (G.W.T.) ; a few living, in roots of kelp, (CF.N.) Johnstone
and Broughton Sts, Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd. and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Genus Pachypoma Gray
P. inaiquale Martyn.   75, 6.
Barclay Sd, (Cowley, Skinner, etc.) Clayoquot Sd.-, (CF.N.) Quatsino
Sd, and Q.CL, (G.M.D.)
Several illustrations of this species will be found in No. 6, Pis. XIX. and
XXIII. 60
Natural History
Family TROCHID^E
Genus Chlorostoma Swainson
C. funebrale A. Ad." 1, 6.
Clayoquot Sd., (C.F.N.) North and north-west coast of V.I., and in
Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Near low water mark, and on fronds of Macrocystis.
Illustrated in No. 6, pi. XXI, fig. 7.
Genus Calliostoma Swainson
C. annulatum Martyn.   75, 6.
Vic,   not rare,   (G.W.T,   N.H.S,   CF.N.)      Johnston St, and Q.CL,
(G.M.D.)    Low water to 20 fms, rocks.
Figured in No. 6, pi  XXII, fig. 2.
('. eanaHciilutitm  Martyn.    75, 6.
Dredged two living specimens off Maculay Pt, Vic, (CF.N.) Barclay
Sd, (Cowley.) On fronds of Macrocystispyrifera. Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)
Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Figured in No. 6 pi, XXII, fig. 6.
C. eostatum Martyn.
to.
Very much commoner than the last two species. Vic, Dep. Bay to Comox,
(CF.N.) Johnstone St., Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd, Ac, to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Low water to 15 fms.
Figured in No. 6, pi. XXII, fig. 1.
Genus Gibbula Risso
Q-. (Phorcus) pulligo Martyn.   75, 6.
Barclay Sd, (Cowley). Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Johnstone and Brough-
ton Sts, Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd, North and north-west coast of V.I,
often on fronds and stems of Macrocystis, (G.M.D.)
Figured in No. 6.
Genus Margarita Leach
M. Iimlntii Cpr.   13, 21.
Vic, abundant. Clayoquot Sd, (O.F.N.) Discovery Passage, Q.Ch.Sd,
Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Low tide to 20 fms.
M. pit pill u (Jiil.    13, 60, 62.
Vic, abundant. St. of Georgia, and Clayoquot) Sd, (CF.N.) Beaver
Harbour, Q.Ch.Sd, Johnston St, Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Between tide marks to 30 fms.
itf. varicosa Mighelsand Adams.   76.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Off Pender I, (CF.N.) Rarer than the preceding forms. Found also on the coasts of New England, Greenland, and by the
Vega Expedition on Bering Island. of British Columbia.
61
3£. heliein a Mont.
Rare, Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)     St. of Georgia, (CF.N.)     Johnstone St,
Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Rare, near low water.    Circumboreal.
Genus Solariella S. Wood
S   cidaris A. Adams.   13,16.
Johnstone St, Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd, (G.M.D.)
A specimen from San Pedro Bay is figured in No. 6, pi. XXII, fig. 4.
A much larger specimen from. Q.Ch.Sd, is figured by Mr. Whiteaves, No.
106, pi. I, fig. 2, and 2a.
S. peramabilis Cpr.   "12,13.
Dep. Bay, one dead, (G.W.T.)      Q.Ch.Sd,  six living,  (G.M.D.)      Neah
Bay, Washington, (Swan).
Genus Cantharidus Monfort
Subgenus Halistylus Dall, 40.
C. (Halistylus) purpoipeus Dall.   12, 40, 6.   (Fenella pupoidea Cpr.J
Clayoquot Sd, four living, (CF.N.) [W.H.D.]   One shell, Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Figured in No. 6, pi. XIX, fig. 2.
Family CALYPTRJEID^
Genus Crepidula Lamarck
C. adunca Sby.   04.
Vic, plentiful. Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I,
(G.M.D.) Frequently found in tide pools adhering to living gasteropods
such as Euthria dira, Calliostoma costatum, and Phorcus pulligo.
C. dorsata Brod.   Var. lingulata Gld.    60, 62.
A dark variety, commonly found on living oysters ; a white variety frequently dredged on stones and bivalves. Vic, (N.H.S, G.W.T, CF.N.)
Low tide, Malaspina Inlet, Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M.D.)
Crepidultt navicelloides Nuttall.   23, 7.
A large variety, under large stones in tide pools. Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
Ganges Harbour, Clayoquot Sd, &c, (CF.N.) A smaller, white variety
dredged, attached to dead gasteropods. Vic, Dep. Bay, &c, (G.W.T,
N.H.S, CF.N.) Q.Ch.Sd., Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Sometimes upwards of one
inch and a half in length.
Genus Galerus (Humph.)   Gray
G. milmntillni'is Brod.   4, 5.
Dredged on stones and dead shells, Vic, and most stations to Q.C.I,
(G.M.D.)    Sometimes one inch and a quarter in diameter. 62
Natural History
Family AMALTHEID^]
Genus Amalthea Sehum, (Hipponyx Defr.)
A  cranioides Cpr.   13, 16.
Vic, one living, (G.W.T.)     Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)     Q.C.I,,   (G.M.D.)
Low water.
Family VERMETIDJE
Genus Bivonia Gray
P. compacta Cpr.   13,16.
On Pachypoma gibber ossnm.       Vancouver District,  (Swan.)     Discovery
Passage   on   Trophon tenuisculptus,   at  Quatsino Sd,   on   Pecten hastatus,
(G.M.D.)
Family C^CID^E
Genus  Cecum Fleming
C crebvicinctuni Cpr.    12, 13.
Dolomite Narrows, Q.CL, (G.M.D.)
Family TURRITELLID^E
Genus Turritella Lamarck
T (Wesalia) reticulata Mighels and Adams.   76.
Esquimalt and Vic, (N.H.S, G.W.T, CF.N.) Dep. Bay, (G.W.T,
CF.N.) St. of Georgia, Discovery Passage, Johnstone St., Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Fine sand and mud, 8 to 30 fms.
Family CERITHIID^
Genus Bittium Leach
B. fllosum Gld.   60, 62.
Vic, Salt Spring I, Dep. Bay, <fec, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Comox District,
(CF.N.) Malaspina Inlet, St. of Georgia, Discovery Passage, Johnstone
St, Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd, and Q.CL, (G.M.D.) A large white variety at
Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)    At and near low tide mark.
P. armillatum Cpr.   13, 20.
In roots of kelp, Vic, (C.F,N.) "Probably a northern, slightly dwarfed
variety."    [W.H.D.]
Family LITTORINID^E
Genus Littorina Ferussac
X   scutulata Gld.   60, G£.
Whole coast to Q C.I,  (G.M.D.) OF British Columbia.
63
X  sitchana Phil.   82.
Whole coast to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Genus Assiminea Leach
A. suht'otundittu Cpr.    13, 16.
Vancouver District, (Swan.)
Genus Lacuna Turton
X. vincta Mont, and varieties.
-Whole coast to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) ;
X. variejata Cpr.    13, 16.
On Zostera, Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
X. solidula Loven.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
Family FOSSARIID^
Genus Isapis   Cpr.
1. fencstratus Cpr.    13, 16.
Clayoquot Sd, (C.F.N.)    Vancouver District, (Swan.)    3 fms.
Family RISSOID^E       —-
Genus Rissoa Freminville
P. (Alvania) reticulata Cpr.    13, 16.
Vic,  (G.W.T, CF.N.)      Vesuvius  Bay,   (G.W.T.)
Low water.
Q.CL,   (G.M.D.)
P. (Alvania) filosa Cpr.   13, 16.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)    Low water.
P. (Alvania) castanea Moller.    80.
Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)    Low water to 5 fms.     [W.H.D.]
2?. compacta Cpr.   13, 21.
Vic, (G.W.T.)    Q.C.L, (G.M.D.)
Genus Hydrobia Hartm
H. Californica Try on.
Victoria Arm and Ganges Harbour, (G.W.T.)
Genus Barleeia Clark
P. haliotiphila Cpr.   13,19.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)    On corallines in tide pools. 64
Natural History
P. subtenuis C2r.   13, 19.
Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M.D.)
Family PLEUROTOMID^
Genus Pleurotoma Lamarck
P. (Surcula) perversa Gabb.   57.
Vic, (N.H.S,G.W.T, CF.N.)   St. of Georgia, (J.R.)   Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M.D.)
10 to 20 fms.    Rare.
Genus Drilla Gray
P. incisa Cpr.    13, 21.
Saanich Arm and Clayoquot Sd, living,  (CF.N.)       Vesuvius Bay,  dead,
(G.W.T, CF.N.)    Q.CL, (G.M.D, and J. Deans.)      Low water to 20 fms.
P. cancellata Cpr.    13, 21.
Vic, (N.H.S, G.W.T, CF.N.)      Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.)     Comox,
(W.H, CF.N.)    10 to 20 fms.
Genus Mangilia Risso
31. levidensis Cpr.    13, 21.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)    Comox, (CF.N.)    [W.H.D.]
31. crebricostata Cpr.   13, 16.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)    [W.H.D.] .§'
31. interfossa Cpr.   13, 16
Vancouver District, (Swan.)
31. sculpturata Dall.    39.
Vic and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.)      Comox,   (W.H.    CF.N.)      Low
water.    Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)    [W.H.D.]    Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    To 20fms.
Mangilia or Cythara Sp.
" This species is not in the West Coast Collection at the U. S. National
Museum.    Probably new."    [W.H.D.]    Collected near Vic, (CF.N.)
P. tabulata Cpr.   13, 16.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
P. fidicula Gld.   60, 62.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
10 to 20 fms.
Genus Bela Gray
Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M.D.)    10 to 30 fms.   [W.H.D.]
Johnstone St,  Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
P. excurvata Cpr.   13, 21.
Puget Sound, (Kennerley). of British Columbia.
65
Also found in
P. violacea Mighels and Adams, var.    76.
Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M,D.)    [W.H.D.]
X*. Trevelyana Turton
Virago Sound, Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    [W.H.D-]
P. exavata Moller.
Vic, and Comox, (CF.N.)      [W.H.D.]      10 to 20 fms.
Greenland, and Gaspe, E. Canada, (Whiteaves.)
Genus Mitromorpha Adams
31. filosa Cpr.    13, 18.
Cumshewa Harbour, Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Figured in No. 6, pi. XIX, fig. 1.
31. effusa Cpr.    13, 16.
- Vancouver District, (Swan.)
Family PYRAMIDELLID^E
Genus Odostomia Fleming.
O. satura Cpr.    13, 16.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)    [W.H.D.]
O   inflata Cpr.    13, 18.
Vancouver District, (Swan.)
O. tenuisculpta Cpr.    13, 16.
Vancouver District, (Swan.)
O. straminea Cpr.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.)   Dep. Bay, (CF.N.)   Q.CL, (G.M.D.)    [W.H.D.]
O. sithensis Dall.
St. of Georgia, (G.M.D.)    Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) '-     !
O. nuciformis Cpr.    13, 16.
Vic, (CF.N.)
O  gravida Gld.    62.
Vic,, (CFN.)    [W.H.D.]
Genus Turbonilla Leach
T  chocolata Cpr.    12, 13.
Vic, (CF.N.)      Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.)      Clayoquot Sd,   (CF.N.)
[W.H.D.]    10 to 20 fms.
^    i
y, 66
Natural History
T. torquata Gld.    62.
Vic, (C.F.N.)    Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
X. Pordi E. A. Smith.    92.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.)    20 fms.
T. tridentata Cpr.    13, 19.
Puget Sound, (Kennerley.)
[W.H.D.]     10 to 20 fms.
Family EULIMID^E
Genus Eulima Risso
E. micans Cpr.    13, 21.
Vic, (G W.T, CF.N.) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) Deep Bay, near Comox,
large and plentiful, (CF.N.) St. of Georgia, Discovery Passage, Johnstone
St, Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)      15 to 40 fms.
E. incurva Renieri.    88.
Vic, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) St. of Georgia, Discovery Passage, Goletas Channel, (G.M.D.)    15 to 30 fms.
Family SCALID^E
Genus Scala Humphrey
S.. Jndianorum Cpr.    13, 21.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.)    Baynes Sd, near Comox, (CF.N.)
(W.H.)    Discovery Passage and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Comox,
Subgenus Opalia Adams
Scala (Opalia) borealis Gould.    13, 16, 60.
Barclay Sd, (Cowley.)    Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)    Q.C.I, (J. Deans.)
Scala (Opalia.)   Sp.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.) I
Family CERITHIOPSID^
Genus Cerithiopsis F. and H.
('. munita Cpr.   13,16.
Vic, (G.W.T, C.F.N.) I-
C. tuberculata Mont.
Vic, (G.W.T.)    Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
C. columna Cpr.   13,16.
Vic, (G.W.T.)
^ of British Columbia.
67
Family CANCELLARIID^
Genus Cancellaria Lamarck
C. modesta Cpr.    13, 16.
Vancouver District,  (Swan.)
C. circumcincta Dall.    33.
Dep. Bay, (G.W.T.)    Johnstone St, Q.Ch.Sd,-(G.M.D.)
C.  Unalasiihensis Dall.    33.
Vic, (Fisher.)    Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.)    [W.H.D.] jf.
Genus Admete Moller
A. Couthouyi Jay.   69, 39.    Admete viridula.
Vic, (CF.N.)    Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M.D.)    [W.H.D.]
Mr. Dall, (39) says that the earliest identifiable name of A. viridula of
authors is Cancellaria buccinoides, Couthouyi, but this being pre-occupied,
Dr. Jay, in 1839, named it A. Couthouyi, which Dr. Gould adopted in 1841.
Genus Trichotropis Broderip
T. cancellata Hinds, 68.
Vic, abundant. Dep. Bay, Comox, St of Georgia, Discovery Passage,
Johnstone St, Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) 8 to 30
fms. and upwards.
T. inermis Hinds.    68.
Vancouver District, (Swan.)
Family NATICID^E
Genus Natica Lamarck
AT. clausa Brod. and Sby.    3.
St. of Georgia,  John-
Vic, Dep. Bay, Comox, Clayoquot Sd,  (CF.N.)
stone St.,  Beaver Harbour,   Discovery Bay,   Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
'Low water to 70 fms.    Frequently found fossil in the boulder-clay, (CF.N.)
Operculum shelly.
Subgenus Lunatia Ciay
K. (Lunatia) Lewisii Gld.
Vic, Sooke, Salt Spring I, Comox, and Clayoquot Sd,  (C.F.N.)    Malaspina Inlet, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Near low water mark and below.
JST. (Lunatia) pallida Brod. and Sby.    3.
Vic, (G.W.T, N.H.S, CF.N.)     Comox, (CF.N.)      Q.Ch.Sd, (G.M.D.)
Operculum horny in all the specimens that I have seen. 68
Natural History
Family LAMELLARITI )M
Genus Lamkllaria Montagu
X. Stearnsii Dall.
Q.CL, (G.M.D.)
Family VELUTINID^E
Genus Velutina Fleming
V. laevigata Linn.
Vic, and Dep. Bay, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Comox, and Clayoquot Sd,
(CF.N.)    Discovery Passage, (G.M.D.)    Rather rare.    10 to 30 fms.
V. prolongata Cpr.   13,16.
Large specimens, living, Vic, (CF.N.)    At low water.    Smaller dredged."
Living, but small, in roots of Macrocystxs at Clayoquot Sd.   Rare.   [W.H.D.]
Family TRITONIDJE
Genus Tritonium Link
T. Oregonense Redfleld.   84, 38, la., 106.   (Priene Oregonensis.)
Vic, abundant. Johnstone and Broughton Sts , Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.
Sd.. Johnstone St. and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
For comparison with T. cancellatntn Lamarck, see Dall, No. 38. For
dentition, see Aurivillius, la, pi. XIII, f. 8.
Family MARGINELLID^E
Genus Marginella Lamarck
M. pyriformis Cpr.   13,19, 6.
Vic, and Pedder Bay, (CF.N.)   Vesuvius Bay, (G.W.T.)   Clayoquot Sd,
(CF.N.)    Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Type specimen figured on pi. XX, f. 5, of No. 6.
Family OLIVIDiE
Genus Olivella Swainson
O. biplicata Sby.   94.
Living and very abundant at Clayoquot Sd, on sandy flats between tides
and below, (CF.N.) Abundant on west coast of V.I, (G.M.D.) Q.C.I,
(G.M.D.)
O. birtiea Cpr.    18.
A few dredged off Beacon Hill, Vic, living, (CF.N.) Dep. Bay, (G.W.T,
CF.N ) Baynes Sd. and Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) St. of Georgia, Discovery
Passage, Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Low water bo 8 fms.
See pi. XIX, fig. 7, of No. 6. of British Columbia.
69
Family NASSID^E
Genus Nassa Lamarck
JV. fossata Gld.    60, 62.
Barclay Sd, (Skinner, Cowley.) Clayoquot Sd, just below water mark
to 20 fms, not abundant, (CF.N.)
JV. mendica Gld.    60, 62.
Vic, (N.H.S, G.W.T, CF.N.) Dep. Bay, Ganges Harbour, &c, (CF.N.)
St.. of Georgia, Johnstone St., Q.Ch.Sd, Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)
Family COLUMBELLID^l <k
Genus Columbella Lamarck
C. (Astyris) carinata Hinds.    68.
From west coast Indians, (CF.N.) Goletas Channel, (G.M.D.) A smooth
keeled shell, probably a variety of the next species.
C. (Astyris) gausapata Gld.    60, 62.
Esquimalt, Vic, &c, at low water and dredged in 10 to 20 fms. (N.H,S,
C.F.N.) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) This is probably the shell referred to by
Mr. Whiteaves, (105), under the name Nitidella Goiddii Cpr, collected by
Dr. Dawson, in St. of Georgia, Quatsino Sd, Q.C.I. Not keeled, more regular in outline than the last.
Genus Amphissa Adams
A. corrugata Reeve.    86.
Whole coast to Q.C.I.    Abundant, low water to 30 fms. and upwards.
Family MURICIDiE
Genus Purpura Bruguiere
P. crispata Chemn.    22.
Whole coast to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Littoral.
P. canalicttlata Duclos.    51.
Vic to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Littoral. '£. " ^
P. saxicola Val.    102.
Vic to Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    Littoral. f
Genus Ocinebra Leach
O. lurida Midd.    77, 6.       .
Vic, not rare.      Clayoquot Sd,  Comox,  &c,  (CF.N.)     Johnstone St,
Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    At and near low water mark.
Figured in No. 6, pi. XX, fig. 8, 70
Natural History
O. interfossa Cpr.   13, 21.
Vic,   and  Esquimalt   Harbour,   abundant.      Clayoquot   Sd,    (C.F.N.)
Johnstone St, Goletas Channel, Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)     With
the former, but more abundant.
Genus Pterorhytis Conr
(Nom. Cerostoma pre-occupied. [W.H.D.])
P. foliatus Gmelin.   56.
Vic, not plentiful, (N.H.S, CF.N, &c.) Pender Island, abundant, (C.F.
N.) Clayoquot Sd, (CF.N.) St. of Georgia, Johnstone and Broughton Sts,
Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd, Discovery Passage and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.) Low
water to 10 fms.
Genus Trophon Montfort
T. m ulticostaius Esch.
Vic, not rare, (N.H.S,G.W.T,CF.N.) Q.Ch.Sd, Johnstone St, (G.M.D.)
Low water to 20 fms.
T. Orpheus Gld.   60, 62.
Vic, the most abundant species of Trophon, (C-F.N.) Dep. Bay, (CF.N.)
Q.Ch.Sd, and Q.C.I, (G.M.D.)    10 to 30 fms.
Mr. Dall, (39, p. 303) says, that 7\ Stuarti, Smith, "is a fine pale specimen
of the Alaskan and Oregonian T. Orpheus." T. Stuarti is a very rare variety at Victoria, and I have only collected one living specimen of it to more
than one hundred of T. Orpheus.
T. Stuarti E. A. Smith.   91.
Vic, (J. Vidler, G.W.T, CF.N.)    Dredged in 20 fms.
Type specimen two and one-eighth inches in length Mine is one inch and
three-quarters. The longest T. Orpheus I have seen is just one inch long ;
Dr. Gould's type measuring half an inch.
T.  ti nuiscuJjdus Cpr.
Vic, rather rare, (G.W.T, CF.N.) Quatsino Sd, St. of Georgia, Seymour Narrows, Goletas Channel, Discovery Passage, Johnstone St., QCh.Sd,
Quatsino Sd, and Q.C.I., (G.M.D.)
T. Dalli Kobelt.   37, 35, 39.
Vic, (Richardson, G.W.T, CF.N.)
Described in Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci, 1877, by Mr. Dall, under the name of
T. muricifoiiuis, Dall. Re-named Dalli by Kobelt on account of the existence of a shell, Trophon, or Eupleura muriciformis. (See Dall, 39, for
additional information as to this last species, and for illustration. PI. IV,
fig. 6.) of British Columbia,
71
Family BUCCINID^E
Genus Buccinum Linn
B. percrassum Dall.   37, 38,106.
(P. polare Gray, var. cumpacttim Whiteaves.   103, 105.,)
Vic, two dead specimens on beach, (J.R.) and three dead in 18 fms. off
Macaulay Pt, (CF.N.) Q.Ch.Sd, dead, (G.M.D,) In boulder-clay at Vie,
(CF.N, G.W.T, W.H.)
Mr. Whiteaves supplies the following quotation from Lt Ray's Report,
(37), p. 180. Under B. polare Mr. Dall states that he has seen f two specimens of a singularly thick and short variety, percrassum, from the Arctic,
north of Bering Strait. It must be exceedingly rare ; the upper whorls are
smaller, less inflated, and less turreted than in the normal form. The operculum is also proportionately larger and more oval. It may prove distinct
from B. po rare."
In his report on Bering Island Mollusca, (38), p. 216, Dall says, of two
specimens collected on Bering Island by Stejneger, that the shell of these is
thick, like the Arctic form figured by Dr. Kobelt, (Mon. Buc, Mart and
Chemn.), but smaller and much darker. Mr. Dall has recently informed me
that B. percrassum appears to be a good species, abundant on Commander
Islands.
P. cyaneum Brag.   Var. 3Iorchianum- Fischer.   54.
Vic, at low water, one dead, (CF.N.) Sent from Alert Bay, a few dead
specimens, (G.W.T.)    [W.H.D.]
Genus Chrysodomus Swainson
C. (sipho) verhruzeni Kobelt.    72.
One, dead, QCh.Sd, (G.M.D.)    30 fms.
C. (Sipho) tahulatus Baird 2.
Vic, abundant, (N.H.S, G.W.T, CF.N.) Dep. Bay, rare, (CF.N.)
10 to 20 fms.
C. (3Tohnia) Frielei Dall.    42.
Off the north coast of V.I, 1888.    (" Albatross.")
C. (Neptunca) fornicatus Gmelin.    56,
Vic, one living, (CF.N.)    Dead, (G.W.T, CF.N.)
Of this species Mr. Dall says " the line can hardly be drawn between the
most nearly allied specimens of this and (smooth) forms of C. liratus."
C. (Neptunca) h/ratus Martyn.   75.
Vic, two large dead specimens, (CF.N.) QCh.Sd, four living and one
dead, (G.M.D.)
C. (Neptunea) vcctirostrxs Cpr.   13, 21.
Vic, living, (J.R, CF.N.) dead, (G.W.T.)    In 20 fms. 72
Natural History
C. Harfordi Stearns.   99, 42.
Q.C.I, living, at low water, (G.M.D.)
Illustrated in Dall's < New West American Shells,' (42), pi. IV, fig. 6.
Originally found in Mendocino Co, California.
C. Kennicotti Dall.    30.
Vic, one dead specimen, (G.W.T.)    [W.H.D.]
Mr. Dall, (Proc Cal. Acad. Sci, 1871-73,) gives the distribution of this
species ' from the Shumagins eastward.'
C. pliozniceus Dall.   42.
Near Goletas Channel, Q.Ch.Sd.    ("Albatross.")
Genus Euthria Reeve
E. dira Rve.   85.
Vic, Salt Spring I, Dep. Bay, Comox, Clayoquot Sd, one of the commonest littoral species, (C.F.N.) Northwest and northeast coast of V.I, to
Q.CL, (G.M.D.)
VICTORIA, B. C. :
Printed by Richard Wolfrndkn, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. errata and addenda
p-
17.
p-
27.
p-
28.
p-
32.
For Ildduna read Iladena.
Fifth line from the bottom.
Rhinotihodes should be RhinoJithodes.
Eighth line from top.
R. Wosnessenokii should be R. Wosriessensn-ii.
Tenth line from the top.
T. jpuncta cmlata should be T. punctoccelata.
p. 41 to 47. The numbers following specific names refer to the
list of authors given on pp. 32 to 72.
pp. 55, 56 and 57. The species of Chitons marked with an asterisk
have been identified by Mr. II. A. Pilsbry, TH. A.P.] who
also kindly furnished notes upon some of their characteristics. Their arrangement in qenera is Mr. Dall's of
1878, (vide No. 36) and differs from Mr. Pilsbry's more
recent classification.
f       

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