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BC Historical Books

The province. Vol. IV The Province 1897

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Array THE PROVINC
"A. Province I will give thee."—Ant. & Cleo.
Vol. IV. No. 2.
VICTORIA, B.C.,  SATURDAY,   JAN. 9, 1897.        Price 5 Cents
All communications to The Pbovincb should be Bent to The
Managing Editor, Province Building, Victoria.
Under no circumstances will unsolicited contributions be
returned. No notice will be taken of communications unless
accompanied by the full name and address of the writer, and no
Utters will be published in the current issue which are received
after Wednesday.   Brevity is essential to secure publication.
All changes of advertisement should be handed in not later than
Monday evening to ensure inserti n in the next following issue.
The advertising and subscription agent has no authority to collect
accounts or receive moneys.
The Pbovincb may be obtained by order through any bookseller
or news agent in British Columbia, or direct from the Province
Limited Liability, Province Buildings, Victoria and Vancouver,
B.C. Price $1 per annum for Canada and the United States ;
in Victoria, postage 60c. Nctra', other countries §2, postage
included. Agents in Eastern Canada■; for ad' ts., Gray's
Advertising Agency, Montreal; -for the United Kingdom, Street
Bros., SO Comliill, London, B.C.
1 Free  Trade and Direct  Taxation.
MEN AND THINGS.
COMES this week the periodical telegraphic rumour
that Queen Victoria is going to celebrate the achievement of having reigned longer than any other British
Sovereign by abdicating in favour- of the Prince of
Wales. The rumour has not been confirmed. We are
glad of it and hope it never will be. So long as intellect
and health are left her to adequately do her duty (ever
the Queen's first thought) in that exalted position
which for sixty years she has now filled to the admiration of the world, there can bono valid reason why
she should resign. Naught but death itself should end
so magnificent a record reign.
Mr. Laurier is accredited with having refused the
offer of a decoration this new year. He is, of course,
at liberty to do as he pleases in the matter, but we
cannot see that any object is gained by belittling the
honour of knighthood as some papers have done—or
by maintaining that plain Mr. is a better or more
dignified title than Sir Wilfred Laurier. The man
doesn't change because he happens to be knighted.
The value oi the decoration is not lessened to him who
has deserved it because some persons get what they
have not deserved* There are always exceptions but
they prove rather than invalidate the rule. Mr.
Laurier is a distinguished man and therefore merits
distinction.
In a recent lecture on "London, its History and its
Greatness," Sir Walter Besant drew attention to the
fact, as an illustration of the uninterrupted strength
of London, that though it had an unbroken history of
a thousand years it had never been sacked by an enemy. As an example of its direct connection with the
past he reminded his hearers that anyone might go to
the Guildhall and see there an ancient document, almost obliterated, which was the charter of William the
Conqueror, by which he guaranteed to the city three
great privileges—the foundation of its supremacy—
SrBt, that every man was to enjoy all the rights of a
Kamloops Mining District.—For full and reliable information concerning this important district read the Inland
Sentinel, published at Kamloops, B.O., weekly. Subscription
$2 per annum in advance.
freeman; second, that every man was to inherit of his
father's wealth; and third, there was to be no overlord, that is, no intermediary between the corporation
and the king.
The Royal Commission, we are told, declined to hear
a protest entered, during the ceremony, against the
consecration of the Right Reverend Frederick
Temple, D.D., Archbishop of Canterbury, at Bow
Church. The Rev. Mr. Brown-John, Chaplain of
the late Bishop of Bath and Wells, objected
to the consecration of Dr. Temple on the
ground that he was a self-confessed believer in
evolution which doctrine Mr. Brown-John held was
incompatible with" fidelity to the Book of Common
Prayer and the XXXIX articles. Such are the bald
facts which have reached us by telegraph, and pending receipt of the full account by mail, which will
doubtless make very interesting reading, it looks very
much as if Mr. Brown-John had the courage of his
opinions and Dr. Temple had not, for to the ordinary
lay mind it is extremely difficult to see how the doctrine of evolution can logically be made to harmonize
with those of the XXXIX articles. The refusal of the
Royal Commissioners to bear the protest is a most unmistakable sign of the " progressive spirit of the age."
The London Daily Mail is a wonderful halfpennyworth. Although it has only been in existence for
about eight months, it already boasts a circulation of
a quarter of a million. Its telegraph service is excellent, its leaders invariably well written. In a word, it
gives "the reading public a full penn'orth, guaged by
the average London standard of daily papers—no
mean measure—at half-price, and there is no particular reason why its circulation should not grow to the
stupendous dimensions of the Parisian Le Petit Journal, which is somewhere away up in the millions, and
costs the same modest figure. Mr. Alfred Harms-
worth, a leading light in the London journalistic
world, best known perhaps as the promoter of the
Jackson-Harmsworth expedition for the relief of Dr.
Nansen, is its editor, and this fact in itself is almost
sufficient to ensure success, for Mr. Harmsworth is one
of the most enterprising men of the day, and intends
to make the paper a power in the land.. We are glad
to see that he has sent a special correspondent to the
Dominion who, in the person of Mr. Beckels Willson,
is now travelling through the country, and will
eventually arrive at the Coast. Mr. Willson's letters
are appearing in the Daily Mail under the title of
" Through Sunny Canada," and are very interesting
articles.
Enquiry at the Attorney-General's office elucidates
the fact that the functions and objects of the Golden
Town Committee are matters not within the knowledge
of that department. We do not therefore quite know
what its official status, if any, may be, but we are
none the less pleased to publish and call attention to
the letter of its secretary, Mr. David M. Rae, which
appears in our correspondence column to-day. The
Golden Town Committee took our remarks of the 26th
December, which formed the subject of their resolution enclosed in Mr. Rae's letter, absolutely au pied 18
THE   PROVINCE.
January 9th, 1897.
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de la lettre, and thought it advisable to direct our
attention to the " inaccuracies " contained in a paragraph which quoted " an example of the sort, of yarn
which is being spun in the vicinity of Golden." We
said that we were told that some people believed it.
But we did not say that we believed it ourselves, nor
did we put forward the figures or statements as matters
of fact.    But we certainly "had our doubts.''
The editorials in the Nanaimo Mail have an outspoken and fearless tone about them which is to say
the least of it refreshing. We produce in our supplement to-day an article entitled "Government ownership of the E. & N. Railway," which is well worth
reading. Whether the scheme advocated by our
contemporary be practicable or not its public advocacy
is at least a sign of the times and clearly indicates
" that the old order changeth." People are beginning
to wake up and are not half so much afraid of saying
what they think as they used to be. This is all in the
right direction. Speak out, friends. Your votes are just
as good as anybody else's, and if you only vote the right
way a change may come o'er the spirit of the provincial dream even yet.
Dr. A. T. Watt supersedes Dr. George Duncan as
Dominion Health Officer as from 15th inst. We are
sorry that the latter should have lost a good billet, for
we entertain the kindliest) feeliqgs towards him
personally, but if his head has fallen on the political
guillotine it must not be forgotten that he himself set
the machinery in motion.
This day week we shall be called upon to chronicle
the names of the new Mayor and Council of Victoria.
Up to the time of going to press the choice for Mayor
lies between Messrs. Beaven and Redfern. We favour
as we have already said the candidature of the latter
and we hope he will be successful at the polls. For the
north ward Messrs. D. H. Riddell, W. J. Dwyer and
Jno. MacMillan; for the central ward Messrs. W.
Humphrey and L. Vigelius; for the south ward Messrs.
J. B. Harrison, J. G. Tiarks and John Hall, seek the
suffrage of the people as aldermen. We are glad to see
that Dr. Lewis Hall is out for school trustee. He is
a sound man, widely respected and we should be glad
to see him elected.
And who will move the hack stand in 1897 ?
asked the same question a year ago !
Mr. E^ S. Topping of Trail writes a letter to
Rossland Mirier, in which he says he has only '
kick to make " against the Provincial Government, and
that is for the practice of " inflicting upon many parts
of the country fossils from Cariboo to fill important offices where brains and courtesy are required, and where men are needed who can
tell a mine from a cow without the latter being
belled." While it is not hard to recognize this
peculiar type of official, yet it is unfair to Cariboo to
conclude that it is the sole producer of the species.
In an editorial in its latest issue the Miner refers to
the generally accepted connection of the Hon. Colonel
Baker with the B.C. Southern Railway Co., about which
so much has been said recently, as follows:—
The Miner takes the ground that it is at least not becoming
in Col. Baker, Minister of Mines for the province of British
Columbia, to be interested in a corporation which proposes to
absorb every acre of the coal lands in the vicinity of the
Crow's Nest pass, thus depriving the miners of the Kootenay
country of any assurance of cheap fuel. Holding the official
position he does, Ool. Baker should defend the interests of the
miners of Kootenay, and not be up to his eyes in a scheme,
which, if carried out successfully, would be most fruitful of
the most enduring wrongs to them.
Now it  certainly   is   right   and  proper  that the
' Minister should in a straightforward manner let the
people of this country know exactly what his relations
with this project are, and if he is in any way interested in its success, other than as we all are.
The enclosed correspondence between a customer of
the Bank of British North America", Victoria, and the
We
the
one
manager of   that establishment tells its own tale,
which is not without interest.
From the customer to the bank :
Victoria, B.C., 31st December, 1806.
Dear Sir,—I am in receipt of my bank-book, for which 1
am obliged. Kindly inform me what the item of 50c. (fifty
cents) to my debit on six different occasions, since 30th June
last, total $8, means. I have given no cheques for that
amount.
From the customer to the bank :
Victoria, B.C., 31st December, 1896.
Dear Sib,—I am in receipt of my own letter of this day's
date, addressed to your bank, which you return me with an
unsigned memorandum at foot, stating that "Items referred
to 50c. a month is charged on accounts not having an average
balance of $200," for which I am obliged.
I infer from this, that if the balance standing to my credit in
your books, of $30.50 on the 30th November, 1896, were left
long enough in your hands, say, until the 30th of November,
1901, it would finally become absorbed by the bank.
Kindly let me know if this inference is correct, and inform
me at the same time by what authority you charge my
account with the $3 in question. I do not recollect having
given you any authority to do so. As matters now stand, you
have charged me $3 for paying out seven cheques to the
amount of $308.46 since June 30th last, or almost one per cent.
From the bank manager to the customer :
Dear Sib,—In reply to your letter of the 31st ult., I mailed
to your address on the 2Srd July last a circular letter (copy of
which is enclosed herewith) informing you that accounts
having an average balance of less than $200 would be subject
to a charge of fifty cents a month. This charge was adopted
by the banks in British Columbia in pursuance of a resolution
passed by the executive council of the Canadian Bankers'
Association.
The circular alluded to by the bank manager :
Victobia, B.C., 1st July, 1896.
Dear Sib,—The chartered banks doing business in British
Columbia, having arranged to make a charge of fifty cents per
month on current accounts with average balances of less than
two hundred dollars ($200.00), I beg to inform you that from
this date your account will be liable to this charge under the
above arrangements.   Yours truly,
(Signed) G. H. Bubns, Manager.
The customer, we are informed, when last heard of,
was still gasping for breath.
It will be observed that the bank manager has no
alternative inference to offer to that made by his
customer, i.e. that if his credit balance were left long
enough in the bank's hands it would finally become
absorbed by the efflux of time and—commission. We
may therefore assume that it is correct—indeed it is so
proved to be by the entries in the bank book in question which has been submitted to us—for the credit
balance brought forward on the 30th November is
$34.54, and the only passes on the debit side are two
for fifty cents, evidently commission for the two
months of November and December respectively.
This throws quite a new light upon the conveniences
offered by banking, and might, under certain circumstances, be productive of results the reverse of agreeable.
Assume that the customer forgot all about his
balance of $30 for let us say a period of ten years. He
might leave the country ; he might be sent to gaol for
contempt of court; a thousand things might happen.
Assume further that he suddenly remembered that, ten
years before, he had left a balance of $30 in the hands
of the B.N.A., Victoria. He would regard it in the
light of treasure trove, at least we should, and instantly draw for the amount. With what result ? That
his cheque would be paid ? By no means. It would
be dishonoured, and on making enquiries he would be
tendered the information, not that his balance had increased by any interest, but that on a sort of com-
pound-interest-backwards-principle his account was
overdrawn by $30 ; representing 120 months commission at fifty cents a month, or $60 ; less original credit
balance of $30, leaving debit balance of $30 (for obviously if it be permissible to charge commission on
a credit balance it is equally permissible to charge on
a debit one). This is how the resolution passed by the
executive council of the Canadian Banker's Associa- January 9th, 1897.
THE   PROVINCE
19
tion as adopted by the Victoria Branch of the Bank
of B.N.A. would inevitably work in this case, though
we hardly think that they can have had any such result in contemplation when they framed it.
No doubt the decision to charge fifty cents a month
was a wise one and necessary to insure some profit to
the banks on a certain class of accounts which were,
so to speak, more trouble than they were worth, but
unquestionably the application of the rule should have
been left to the discretion of the bank managers and
could pot have been intended to apply to such a case
as that now under discussion. If, on the other hand,
the rule is a hard and fast one it ought to be
amended, for otherwise grave injustice may be done
to the public under the guise of banking commission.
Fuller particulars of the crushing of L'Electeur, of
Quebec, by the hierarchy of that province, referred to
last week, are now to hand. The pastoral putting
that paper under the ban is signed by the Archbishop
of Quebec, by Bishop La Flenhe of Three Rivers, by
Bishop Gravel of Rimouski and by Bishop Labrecque
of Chicoutimi. The atrocious crimes committed by
the defunct newspaper are set forth in the mandement
as published by the Globe for the 28th ult.:
For having, on the 28th January last, published an article
reflecting on the impartiality in matters politic of Mgr. Labrecque, Bishop of Obicoutiml; for having, two weeks later,
under cover of the name of a so-called theologian (Mgr.
Paquet), made public rebellious principles towards the heads
of the church and which went so far as to deny the Canadian
episcopacy the right to intervene by jurisdiction in the Manitoba School Question. Again, for having, on the occasion of
the last Federal elections criticized in a discriminating manner the action of certain bishop* who commented from the
pulpit on the joint mandement ofthe bishops of this province.
Furthermore, for having issued without any rectification
whatever a pamphlet (L. O. David's "Canadian Clergy")
which is in direct opposition to the teaching of Leo XIII., and
lastly for the stand it has taken lately on the Manitoba School
•Question as settled by the Laurier Government.
And this monstrous anathema concludes in this
fashion :
We, Archbishop and Bishops of the ecclesiastical province of
Quebec, forbidformally, under penalty of grievous sin and refusal
of the sacraments, anyone reading the newspaper L'Electeur,
subscribing to it, contributing to it, selling it, encouraging it
in any manner whatever. This prohibition shall extend to all
ecclesiastics without exception, even those who have permission from the "Index," under penalty of suspension
ipso facto. And because in this condemnation we do embrace
not only the title of L'Electeur, but more specially the per-
niei6us doctrines which that newspaper spreads among the
people, we adjure the faithful at the same time to cease receiving any newspaper which would dare publish the same unsound ideas and manifest the same tendency of insubordination
to the religious authorities. You take care to remove from
your homes all that might injure the health of your families;
be even more vigilant when it is necessary to protect yourself
and your family against the worst of contagious diseases, that
which preys on the soul to lessen and sometime to totally
destroy its faith.
It is to the tender mercies of frenzied fanatics of this
character that the followers of Sir Charles Tupper wish
to hand over the English province of Manitoba. In
the longest reign in British history our Gracious Queen
will learn that the Pope's representatives in Quebec
have power to damn a newspaper because it dares to
discuss a great constitutional question. It is worth
reigning the longest in the life of a nation to know
that such things can be done under the British flag.
But it is refreshing to hear that there are some
French Canadians who do not propose to be terrorized
by the bishops. Ex-Mayor Beaugrand, of Montreal,
has a paper called La Patrie. Personally we know
nothing about Mr. Beaugrand and his paper has no
circulation here. But it ought to have for it breathes
a fine spirit of defiance to oppression that strikes a
responsive chord in our breast and its bold utterances
on this grave question deserve to be quoted all over
Canada:
The execution of I'EUcteur at Quebec, is and can be only
the beginning of a struggle to the death with the Government
at Ottawa. The School Question is the real reason'for it, and
the Conservative party, the natural allies to those who profess
the negation of all progress, of all advancement and of all popular reforms, march hand-in-hand with the Bishops of Quebec.
On this ground there can be no compromise, and if L'Electeur
is too cowardly or too poor to continue the struggle we shall
do so for it and for those who are tired, wearied, disheartened,
disgusted with this system of persecution. The law offers us
certain guarantees, and if there are only Judges nominated by
our adversaries in order to decide upon questions in the district of Quebec, there always remains, thank God, the impartiality and the independence of the Privy Council in London
to protect us. The question is to know whetHer a journal can
be ruined with impunity in order to arrive at purely political
ends, with religious pretexts as the key. L'Electeur announces'
that it disappears under the fallacious comedy of a change of
name, and is preparing to carry the case to Eome. If it would
take my opinion it should go to London, and, for my part, I
will give it a check for $100, ready to double, treble or quintuple
it if need be. It may be said that I shall probably need to
defend myself before long. That suits me again. I do not fear
the blows. I have been struck by them all my life and I have
even been slightly hurt, but I am not dead yet. La Patrie,
since its foundation, has never changed its tone or principles,
sometimes, neajly always, running in advance of its political
chief, who occasionally got out of breath in following. But
to-day before the unqualified and deliberately combined attacks
of the religious authorities of Quebec, if they are too timorous
at Quebec or at Ottawa to understand the necessities of the
situation, so much the worse. We shall struggle alone in the
vanguard, us always, receiving in recompense the ingratitude
of those whom we have borne to power and the satisfaction of
doing ourxiuly. In the meanwhile, gentlemen, we await you
with firm foot. We do not desire, we do not provoke war.
We ask only the exercise of the. rights of a free citizen in a free
country under the protection of a Government which calls itself Liberal.
And again in a later issue:— ■
I have no illusions on the fight which I am undertaking today." I may leave my bones and all I own, but I can never
fight for a nobler cause in a country where national pride and
the freedom of thought are awakening. We have had the victories of June 23. as our fathers had those of St. Denis, St.
Charles arid St. Eustache, in spite of the threats of the religious
authorities. The fight has commenced; I am not fighting for
myself, but for poltroons who do not dare to raise their heads;
it is for them that 1 take up arms. Will I be alone in Canada?
We shall soon see. In the meantime I am a candidate for the
Quebec Parliament for the St. Louis division of Montreal,
where I reside.
Mr. Beaugrand, you will not be alone in Canada.
That is one answer from the furthest point on the
western confines of this Dominion.
The Mr. Pacaud whose paper, L'Electeur, has been
suppressed is the same Mr. Pacaud who a few years
ago (on the occasion of the late Mr. Mercier being made
a Roman count) received the blessing of the Pope unto
the third generation!
The effect of what may be termed " mixed " politics
has been amusingly demonstrated lately by the attitude of our worthy contemporary the Vancouver World
in the matter of the Hon. Mr. Blair's reference to the
B. C. Southern land grant. The World, in striving to
hunt with the hounds and run with the hare, or in
other words to support both the Liberal Government
at Ottawa and the Conservative Government at Victoria has fallen hopelessly between two stools. First
of all in its reluctance to own the Provincial Government wrong it questioned the accuracy of Mr. Blair's
figures. Then in its anxiety to prove the Dominion
Ministry right it acknowledged that he had understated instead of overstated- the figures—eighteen not
fifteen million acres was the correct amount. Then it
re-transferred its allegiance to the Provincial Government and caught, like a drowning man at a straw, at
the Colonist's ingenious " clerical error " theory and
harked back to three and a half million. Finally
the pendulum swung towards Ottawa again though we
presume that in due course it will re-gravitate towards
Victoria. Our contemporary would find it far easier
and we think more consistent with sound Liberal
principles to drop its Tory connection over James Bay.
Meanwhile the land grant stays at eighteen million
acres.
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THE   PROVINCE.
January 9th, 1897.
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Referring to the views lately expressed by aspirants
to aldermanic honours in Vancouver, we are glad to
note that in almost every instance the nominees declared themselves strongly in favour of a Woman's
Ward and private wards being added to the City Hospital, and the building of a new City Hall and stone
gaol; a few also favouring the introduction of a
Curfew law.
A prominent plank this year in the civic election
campaign is free recreation grounds at Mount Pleasant,
and in the east end of the town; admirable proposals
both of them, and likely to assist'the object for which
the Curfew Law (which by the way came into force in
Ottawa on January 1st) is being agitated in the Terminal City, namely the prevention of evil habits
amongst our juvenile population. Apropos of public
play grounds, Mr. James Ellison (candidate for ward
IV.) favours the scheme so frequently advocated in
these columns of filling in and utilizing False Creek
east of Westminster Avenue Bridge for the purpose.
It is stated that it has become a general practice
amongst citizens in Vancouver, during the last few
weeks, to carry loaded revolvers concealed about their,
persons when out on the streets at night. The numerous applications to J.P.'s for licenses to carry arms
lend colour to this statement, in addition to which it
is well known that many are indulging in this
extremely dangerous practice without any legal permission whatsoever. This state of affairs is highly to
be deprecated, though perhaps, under existing conditions, scarcely to be wondered at. When people
take the law into their own hands it is invariably a
sign that there is something radically wrong either
with the law or the manner in which it is executed.
The promiscuous carriage of firearms is bound to lead
to their promiscuous use, and their promiscuous use
to infinite trouble. At the same time, if the police
won't protect the public there comes a time when it is
impossible to prevent the public from adopting such
measures as it thinks fit to protect itself.
Alderman Coldwell, chairman of the Police Committee, during his address last week to the electors of'
Ward Five, declared that a number of the recent
hold-ups were fakes. Possibly so, but there are quite
enough authentic cases of murderous assault and
highway robbery on record to give just cause for
public outcry. Alderman Coldwell glossed over the
late outrages, praised up the local police force, and
excused the fact of non-capture of the thieves upon
the ground that " it is a difficult thing to do." Very
likely, Mr. Chairman, but none the less it is your duty
and that of your colleagues to ensure to taxpayers
adequate protection of life and property.
The police magistrate, we are glad to note, is growing more severe in his dealings with vagrants, and a
change is already apparent in the policy hitherto
locally adopted of " sending on" tough characters,
this pernicious practice having been for long at the
bottom of the continuance of the commoner phases of
crime in our coast cities. The newly inaugurated
system of putting vagrants in the chain-gang to do
work on the vacant lots, etc., is a good one. Hard
manual labour on regulation prison fare will do more
towards driving toughs out of town than a term oT
idle incarceration.
The mixed game of hockey in Vancouver on New
Year's Day drew a large number of spectators to the
Brockton Point grounds, and as a new venture it was
in every way a great success. The game was styled
Club Colours and Etceteras, and after a fast and
fairly even game the latter side won by two goals
(Mrs. C. G. Johnson and Miss Boultbee) to nil. The
ladies played up splendidly all through, and both
forwards and backs showed excellent jndgment. This
game has now taken a firm hold, and the membership
list—already in excess of two hundred—is steadily
increasing.
So the Vancouver Rugby Football Club is dead ; let
us give it decent burial, and having with due ceremony
exclaimed "le jeu est mort" proceed to cry "vive le jeu,"
for it cannot be that the Terminals will calmly consent to let such a fine old game become extinct'amongst
the rising generation; there must be some valid reason
to account for the non-attendance at practice matches
of members whose apathy has finally necessitated the
disbanding of the local Club, and whatever the fundamental cause of this sudden and unaccountable lack
of interest in a once popular sport, we can only deplore
its inevitable result and hope for better things next
season.
It is expected that the New Westminster Ladies'
' Hockey Club will play its first game early next week.
There is one subject besides kleptomania upon,
which the law for the rich and the law for the poor
apparently differ very materially, namely that relating to lotteries. Under the present code lotteries can
be daily carried on with impunity by well-to-do persons, who, as a rule, escape all punishment, whilst the
lower classes meet with swift retribution for committing precisely the same offence.
It will, perhaps, come as a surprise to many to
learn that penalties of $2,000 and two years'imprisonment may be imposed upon the participators in a lottery, and yet despite this fact thousands of " chances "
are taken by people in similar schemes ranging from
the common Chinese to the great Louisiana or Label le
lotteries. All such transactions are illegal and the
conductors thereof liable to punishment ; yet the rich
offend daily with impunity—the poor are severely dealt
with. Perhaps some legal luminary will inform'usof
the why and wherefor of this curious anomaly in
judicial administration.
The proposal to remit the poll tax for militia men
in Vancouver, according to the rule adopted in Eastern Canada, seems to meet with general approbation
as being a formal recognition of their services and
self-sacrifice for the welfare of their country. The
local Finance Committee have recommended that
the Government pass an amendment of the Act to
exempt the militia in good standing from paying the
poll tax, which recommendation we may shortly expect
to become law.
The Vancouver Poultry and Pet Stock Association
has been resuscitated, and announcement is made that
the annual exhibition of dogs, fowls, pigeons, and other
small pets will be held in the city during the second
week of February, on which occasion Mr. Sharp Butter-
field of Windsor, Ontario, has promised to act as judge
of the poultry. This show, which is now an established
yearly event in Vancouver, has so far always met with
liberal patronage at the hands of citizens, and further
encouragement is confidently looked for. It has not
yet been decided where the next exhibition will be
held : we trust not in the same place as last year, some
large light building being absolutely necessary to do
justice to such an enterprise.
"Evangelist" Meikle in his recent appeal for pecuniary aid to advance " aggressive work " in Vancouver,
adds further testimony to a fact that has long since
become recognized by all thoughtful residents in the
Terminal City, namely, that during the season of local
prosperity that prevailed some years ago, too many
churches were built in the town, the result being that
now, in harder times, nearly all of them are inadequately supported, none really flourishing. Two
churches of each denomination would be ample for a
city the size of Vancouver, and better far a few well-
attended, well-supported places of worship than a host
of small,  debt-laden   congregations,   struggling   on, January 9th, 1887.
THE  PROVINCE.
21'
week by week, to pay their parson and church expenses, and failing miserably in the attempt. We
seriously commend this view of the matter to the
notice of the higher ecclesiastical dignitaries, for in
the interests of the town it would certainly seem expedient to close several churches, and thereby strengthen
the remaining congregations both numerically and
pecuniarily.
The question now on the tapis in Vancouver anent
the establishment of the Public Library on lines laid
down in the Provincial Library Act, is causing hot
discussion. If the present Board of Management and
the City Council as a body will only consent to put
personal grievances and feelings on one side, and consider the matter from a public standpoint, a better
issue will undoubtedly be attained, for the change now
advocated by those who have the best interests-of the
Library at heart, is presumably a most desirable one,
collusion detrimental to the work and success of the
institution being practically impossible under the Act,
for, to quote Mr. Hill-Tout's words, there would be
" two independent elective bodies, the members of
which cannot themselves sit upon the Library board,
and the matter is not left entirely in the City Council's
hands. The Act provides for a board of management
composed of seven men. Three of these, presumably
business men, are elected by the Council; three, presumably of literary culture, by the school trustees,
and the seventh, presumably the presiding officer, is
the Chief Magistrate of the city for that year." It'is
not likely that the matter will be settled before the
14th inst., consequently the incoming aldermen will
have to deal with it immediately upon accession to
power, and a pre-election expression from aspiring
candidates of their ideas upon the pros and cons of
the situation, will be welcome all around.
FROM ALBERNI.
WITH the dawn of a New Year our thoughts are
naturally of the future, and as the future of
Alberni lies in her minerals, it necessarily follows that
those of us who believe in the ultimate development
of the riches of this 'district should seriously consider
the necessities of the locality and the means by which
the wealth that lies at our door may be secured.
Twelve months ago it was confidently expected that
something would be done by the Government to aid
the prospectors and the mine-owners to economically
develope their claims, particularly as a not inconsiderable revenue had been obtained from men who had
in many cases staked their all in the claims they were
anxious to develop.
Ae the session of last year came to a close, and it
was seen that the requirements of the Alberni mineral
district had been practically ignored, the disappointment was keen and the apathy of the merxlber from
Alberni was severely criticized, and a petition was sent
to the Government asking that a road should be built
from the centre of the mining district to the Alberni
canal. Unfortunately the petition was not backed by
the local member, and beyond making the necessary
survey, nothing more was done.
Although it would be idle to deny the fact that much
good work has been done in prospecting and developing the claims of the locality, there can be no question
but that had the proposed road been completed in the
early part of the year, Alberni to-day would have been
in a very different position to the one in which she
finds herself.
As an illustration of the difficulties that
to be overcome during the past season, the
example is worthy of mention. A boiler,
four tons, belonging to the Alberni Consolidated, was
nearly a month on the road to the mine, and it took
six horses and as many men fifteen working days to
cover a distance of fourteen miles.
have had
following
weighing
Owing to the impracticability of the route, the trip
would probably have taken twice the time if the
weather had not been settled, and in the rainy season
it would have amounted to an impossibility.
Had the proposed new road been completed, the
journey of nine and a half miles would have been
covered in a single day.
It seems hardly necessary to point out the fact that
at present the shipping of ore, other than experimentally, is out of the question, as it would require
very rich ore to pay for the cost of freighting.
If the cost of building the road amounted to many*
thousand dollars, and if there would be no equivalent
increase of revenue, directly or indirectly, the reason
or reasons for the delay in undertaking this necessary
wwk could be understood, but when it is known that
seven miles of road, only, require making, and that it
presents no difficulties of any nature, and that the
result of the completion of the work would tend to
materially swell the coffers of the Government, it
seems to become not only a matter of duty to Alberni,
but a bnsiness necessity.
If the members of the Provincial Government, or
one of them, would take a leaf out of the book of the
Dominion Government, and would come to Alberni
and see for themselves or himself, they, or he, might
" discover Alberni," perhaps to the mutual satisfaction
o f all parties.
With a member thoroughly well satisfied with himself, with a Gold Commissioner who has never seen
the mines and knows nothing of their requirements,
with a Ministry who have shown themselves in the
past to be utterly indifferent to the mining needs of
the locality, does not the present moment offer itself as
the right time for the right man to discover us ?
GUELPH.
FROM WINNIPEG.
HOCKEY has been the one topic of conversation in
Winnipeg for a week. Last year the Winnipeg
hockey players journeyed to Montreal, and there
wrested from the players of the big city, the championship of Canada, or of the world, for that matter. They
brought back with them a magnificent trophy of their
victory. Since that the Montrealers have been doing
violent practice in an endeavour to get satisfaction from
Winnipeg this year. With champion oarsmen training to go to Henley, with champion oarsmen and
bicyclists, with curlers who carry off prizes from fraternal rinks, Winnipeg has almost come to con'sider
her athletes invincible. It is not the first time that
invincibles have lost their crown by folding their
arms and concluding there were no more worlds to
conquer. A week ago the Montreal hockey team arrived in Winnipeg. This city felt almost certain that
last year's victory was to be repeated. The Montreal
men were young players, but they said very little. In
spite of the assurance of victory a frenzy of enthusiasm
got possession of hockey votaries, apd a few moments
after reserve seats were offered for sale to see the
match every one had been bought, many by speculators, who re-sold for $5, $6.50, and as high as two for
$25. Standing room sold for $1. The action of the
speculators in seats created not a little animosity, and
the public had the satisfaction of knowing that several
were badly bitten and their reserve seats remained
unbought. The match began at 8 o'clock. At 6.30
people were lining up at the door of the rink, awaiting
its opening to scramble for a good standing space.
The doors were opened for reserve seats at 6.45, and
for more than an hour the packed rink was on the qui
woe, speculating on the probable outcome. The game
was swift and clean throughout. Winnipeg had captured preliminary goals with ease. Then came a
change and this city got a lesson in scientific hockey
SINCLAIR HAROUS, fruits, candies, tobacco and cigars.
Corner Can-all and Hastings Streets, Vancouver, B.C.
i
X 22
THE   PROVINCE.
January 9th, 1897.
playing. Just before time was called, the score stood
five to five, and the tension can be better imagined
than described. A moment later the Montreals captured the odd goal and the cheer which greeted the
victory was not the roar of applause for which but a
second before, the spectators were preparing. Winnipeg
was, of course, most crestfallen. It is the first defeat
in athletics of the past year. A babble of explanations, showing how the playing might have averted
defeat, was inevitable, but on the whole the result was
accepted as proof of better play. And now there re-
maineth the trip to Henley.
The action of the Quebec bishops in declaring war,
first against the Liberal press and next the Liberal
party, is naturally exciting comment here, the seat of
the dispute. Mr. J. E. P. Prendergast, representative in
the Manitoba legislature of St. Boniface, and who at
first declared his satisfaction with the settlement of
the school question, has resigned. Some of the extremists, headed by the clergy, in his constituency,
had called on him to retire. By retiring he will not,
of course, be obliged to take part in the ratification of
this settlement. Others interpret his resignation as a
rescinding of his former acceptance. It may be possible that Mr. Prendergast will accept a position under
the Dominion Government, as he is by all odds the
ablest representative of the French here.
The sequel to the elections of June 23rd is now- being threshed out in the courts of Manitoba. In connection with both Mr. Macdonald's election for Winnipeg and Mr. Boyd's for Macdonald—both Conservative victories—charges are made of tampering with the
ballot boxes. The case at Carberry has been postponed
but preliminaries in the Winnipeg case have been
taken up here. So far the evidence tends to show
there was inciting to tampering with the ballots on
the part of an irresponsible agent, Mr. Macdonald
himself being far above such tactics. There are also
petitions with regard to Selkirk and Lisgar, the particulars of which are not of the same character. The
Winnipeg case is still in progress.
More mining properties are now being floated in
Winnipeg than since the beginning of the mining
boom. The Zilor, of Rossland, the Ibex, of Slocan,
(old Brennard group), the Two Friends, the Master
Jack, of Rat Portage, are among those seeking public
patronage. WATCHMAN.
FROM OTTAWA.
IT is evident that the Roman Catholic Bishops of
Quebec, smarting under the defeat sustained* at
the polls last June when their candidates were snowed
under by the popular vote, intend to carry on the
fight on behalf of their allies, the Tories, and make
war on the Laurier ministry. One of the first decisive
steps they have taken to make their power felt is to
place Mr. Laurier's own organ, L'Electeur of Quebec,
under the ban, and to threaten with excommunication
any person who .should read that paper. It was
owned by Mr. Laurier himself ten years ago and about
the time he accepted the Liberal leadership he disposed
of it to Mr. Ernest Pacaud, who has since carried it on
with a great deal of notoriety. Sometimes^mprudent,
it is a well informed, fearless advocate of the principles
and policy of the Liberal party. I should rather say
it " was " because L'Electeur is dead—killed by anathema as a tree is blasted by lightning. Although the
Liberals of the city are not of the kind to pay much
attention to threats of excommunication the paper depended largely for its influence upon provincial circulation, and the terrors of the Church prevent the
people in the country districts from reading a paper
that is  accursed.     The  Liberals   have  checkmated
The Granville School, Vancouver (a high-class Boarding and
Day School for young ladies), re-opens Monday, January 4th.
For terms and prospectus apply to Mademoiselle Kern,
Principal of the above.
the Bishops, however, and are to-day issuing a new
paper under the auspices of a joint stock company
composed of some of the most prominent Liberals of
, the district, including the Speaker of the Senate and
members of Parliament. They will publish under
another name, but as a matter of fact will simply con-
tiuue the publication of L'Electeur. The bishops,
therefore, have not really killed L'Electeur ; they have
only destroyed its name, and the advertisement which
the paper gets out of the affair will more than offset
the value of the old name.
The election trials have been in full blast in Ontario
for the past ten days. Mr. Bennett, the Conservative
member for East Simcoe, has been unseated for bribery
by agents, and it is said that Mr. H. H. Cook will be
the Liberal candidate in the bye-election. As this
constituency is a very close one" the Government are
certain of carrying it. The London trial has been
adjourned over the holidays. The evidence already
given would seem to the lay mind quite sufficient to
unseat Major Beattie. The night before the election
voters were locked up in the Conservative hall and
supplied with liquors and eatables. Mr. T. B. Heyd,
of Brantford, has been chosen by the Liberals to contest
South Brant where Mr. Henry, the Conservative member, was unseated for bribery by agents. As this is
Mr. Paterson's old constituency, whose Liberalism
survived the gerrymander of 1882, it is pretty sure to
return to its allegiance from which it was temporarily
alienated by those wiles which the courts declared to
be corrupt and illegal.
The last Federal political event of any consequence
in 1896 will likely be the banquet given in honor of
the Prime Minister at Montreal on the 29th. It will
be unique. An outsider might well be excused for believing that for the past five years the people of Canada?
have been set by the ears over this matter of the
Manitoba schools. If he were to attend the banquet
on the 29th he would see-that so far as the Liberal
party is concerned there is practically no difference of
opinion on the School Question, for, sitting side by
side will be Mr. Laurier and Mr. Greenway, Mr.
Tarte and Mr. Sifton. The coming together of these
four men will exemplify the union in the Liberal party
just as the sulking of Mr. Haggart and Mr. Montague,
who refused to enter the Cornwall campaign and aid
Sir Adolphe Caron and Mr. Foster, betrayed the
divison in- the Conservative party.
The Canada Gazette is filled with notices of applications to Parliament for railway charters in British
Columbia and that province will undoubtedly occupy
a large share of attention during next session. One of
the latest is by the Alberta Railway and Coal Company, which asks for power to extend and operate its
railway from Lethbridge to Hope by way of Fort Mc-
Leod and, through the Crow's Nest Pass, with branch
lines from some point on Slocan Lake to Rossland and
Trail. Another application is for a railway from
Burrard Inlet to Lethbridge with branches to Kamloops and to the Gulf of Georgia.
Mr. Maxwell, M.P. for Burrard, is in the city and
when I asked him what the most important question
about British Columbia was he replied in a single
word, " development." -
Somebody at Victoria has conceived the idea that
the Government of Canada should provide a residence
at Victoria for the Admiral of the fleet. It looks like
an idea put forward with the object of turning an
anticipated refusal to political account, because no one
dreams of the Dominion Goverement providing a residence for the-British Admiral. If the municipality of
Victoria thought it an advantage to the community to
keep the fleet there a few days longer in the month
than it now stays, the city is no doubt quite competent to do anything practicable towards the accomplishment of that object. RIDEAU. January 9th, 1897.
THE   PROVINCE
23
THE PROVINCE.
"A Province I will give thee.'''—Ant. & CLEO.
VICTORIA, B.C., SATURDAY, JAN. 9, 1897.
"Free Trade and Direct Taxation."
PROVINCIAL POLITICS.
, "VTO defence at all is better than a laiBentably weak
one. Surely it would have been better, as it would
certainly have been more dignified, for the Colonist to
own up at once that the Government was in the
wrong than to put forward the pitiable plea of a
" clerical error" when dealing with matters so
important as legislative enactments, involving the
presentation of eighteen millions of acres to the
promoters of the B.C. Southern Railway, one of whom
it would appear is no less a personage than a member
of the Government. They have got a constantly
renewable "option" on the most valuable of the
remaining assets of this province, and so far they
have done nothing and given nothing for it. This
way of doing business does not prevail even in the
most primitive of mining camps. No man gives an
| option " on a claim and renews it whenever asked to
do so for nothing. He is not such a fool. But then
he is looking after his own interests, which makes all
the difference. The Ministry has apparently been
looking after the people's, which is quite another thing.
The total area of British Columbia is, roughly
speaking, 400,000 square miles. Deduct rivers, lakes,
mountains and localities unexplored, or so far distant
as to be unavailable, at least for some time to come,
and assume that, for practical purposes, we have half
that quantity within measurable distance of civilization. This would give us an area of some 200,000
square miles—a generous estimate. At 640 acres to
the mile this represents 128,000,000 acres, of which
the B.C. Southern is to get 18,000,000 or over 14 per
cent.
Has any one made this calculation, and if so does
he at all realize what it means ?
We cannot estimate what proportion these 18,000,-
000 acres may bear to the land which may still belong
to the province, for we have not yet been able to
ascertain to what extent the " potlatch " system has
already been applied, but we are now engaged upon
the exceedingly interesting, albeit laborious, task of
arriving at these figures, and we propose to present
them to our readers just so soon as they are in our
possession.
We can imagine no more instructive object lesson
than a map of British Columbia showing the exact
quantity of the people's heritage which has been
" given away " by the legislature, and is now held by
speculators who have nothing to do but sit down
quietly and wait till somebody else's labour gives a
value to it which it would not otherwise possess, and
thus enablathem to grow rich at the expense of the
unsuspecting, if horny-handed, son of toil.
This " clerical   error"  plea put   forward  by the
Best Household Wellington Coal at market prices.—Munn,
Holland & Co., Broad Street (opposite Driard).
Government organ, Victoria, is, in vulgar parlance, a
"little too thin." If a mistake was really made the
Government and the Government alone must be held
responsible, for mistakes even of the trifling nature
which allow eighteen millions to creep, into an Act
when only three and a half were intended are not to
be tolerated. How to account for the bungle, unless
folly or knavery has been at work, it were difficult to
say, though we all know whjch is the easier to cope
with.
Whether the evil done is irremediable remains to
be seen. We trust not. The coming session will
show. But at least we have this consolation in view :
we believe that public opinion as at present constituted is dead against a continuance of the " potlatch "
system, and will see to it that its future legislators are
pledged to avoidance of the hideously mistaken policy
which has been pursued in the past. Again we repeat
" Let British Columbians keep what British Columbians have." They will find it none too much in
the long run.
CIVIC ELECTIONS.
YX7TTHIN a very few days the municipal elections
'* will take place generally throughout the province. So much has been said about the necessity of
reform in the management of many of our civic bodies
that it is almost certain some good will be accomplished. While the destiny of every town in the-province is, of course, largely in the hands of its mayor
and council, yet the City of Victoria is one which is
peculiarly reliant on the efforts of its municipal rulers
to make or mar its prosperity. As has been time and
again pointed out in these columns the greatest asset
of Victoria is the many attractions which nature has
bestowed on it with a lavish hand. It is our firm belief that no city in America could be made so attractive at so little cost as the capital of this province.
Now, will iany one deny that the three prime necessities of attractiveness are good water, good streets and
good drainage ? And will any sane man in Victoria
assert that either one of these three exists in that city ?
Of the three features mentioned, the drainage is probably relatively the best: it is fairly good in the business part of the town, but it is most unfairly bad in
some of the most popular residential quarters.
Now as to the water. Over two years and a" half
ago the Council promised the citizens that immediate
steps would be taken to procure that essential—a pure
and abundant supply of water : in response to the demand of the Council the money was voted. But the
water is sftll taken unfiltered from the lakes, and its
smell and taste bear irrefutable testimony to the fact
of broken pledges.
Lastly the roads. There is not one decently paved
street in the whole City of Victoria. The principal
business streets are a disgrace to the city, and practically no attempt is made to enforce the by-laws to
keep them clean.
This is the record of the present Council.
While it is unfair to charge the Mayor personally
with the whole burden of this scandalous state of affairs, yet we defy him to point to one solitary act on
his part, during his term of office, which has advanced 24
THE   PROVINCE
January 9th, 1897.
,-i
!
(
the interests of this community. As the chief executive officer he ought to have set an example of progress,
but he is the representative of an element which is dragging Victoria down to an anything but enviable
position. It is true he has drawn his salary of $2,000
given to him as Mayor to keep up the dignity of the
chief magistrate of the town. The people believe he
has used this money for his own domestic purposes.
During the past year there have been many distinguished visitors to Victoria. Has the Mayor even
given a lunch to one of the strangers, for the credit of
the city and its reputation for hospitality ?
BATON AND BUSKIN.
"Musics of all sorts."—All's Well.
" The two hours' traffic of our Stage."—Romeo and Juliet.
MADAME ALBANI'S operatic concert tour through
Canada, which opened so successfully in Halifax
on November 18th, has .so far been one continual
series, of musical triumphs, for in all cities where the
prima donna has sung this winter, crowded houses
and enthusiastic audiences have greeted her. The
great Canadian diva, on her- part has fulfilled expectations of the highest order, not only in her own
vocalization, but also by having as her support a
quartette of really first-class musicians; Madame
Albani's company being by no means the usual " one
star " combination; on the contrary she is surrounded
by artists in keeping with her world-wide reputation,
all of whom in their respective ways are excellent. -
The nature of the programme that will be given by
the Albani Company in Vancouver and Victoria, embraces a miscellaneous first part of operatic selections,
the second portion being devoted exclusively to the
two principal acts of Gounod's " Faust," namely Act
III., the Garden Scene, and Act V., the Prison Scene,
(which is in reality Acts IV. and V. run together) with
full scenic and costume effects, the cast comprising
"Marguerite," Madame Albani, prima donna ; "Marta,"
Miss Beverley Robinson, mezzo soprano of the principal
London Concerts ; "Faust," Mr. Braxton Smith, tenor
of St. James' Hall, Queen's Hall, Covent Garden, etc.;
"Mephistopheles," Mr. Lempriere Pringle, basso of the
Royal Carl Rosa Opera Company ; and solo-violinist,
Miss Beatrice Langley of the Crystal Palace, St. James'
Hall, etc., with Signor Armando Seppilli, conductor
at Covent Garden and Drury Lane.
Mr. Braxton Smith, whose tenor is second to none
save Edward Lloyd in the London world of song today, is of the pure English school. Originally an
architect by profession, and a clever one, too, Mr.
Smith first began to study singing in earnest in 1887,
at the Guildhall School, and soon afterwards, at the
urgent advice of Madame Christine Nilsson, took up
music as a life work. Tuition for four years under
William Shakespeare effected a wonderful improvement in Mr. Smith's voice, and in 1891 he appeared at
many of the leading London Concert Halls.with great
success ; his first engagement on tour with Signor
Foli and Madame Valeria being the beginning of a
series of appearances both in town and the provinces
in connection with such artists as Popper, Essipoff
and Belle Cole.
Mr. Lempriere Pringle, the basso, hails from the
antipodes, having first seen the light in Hobart, Tasmania. Since 1887 he has studied music under several
masters, the most noted being Herr Engelbert Humper-
dinck, the now famous composer of " Hansel und
Gretel," and who, according to the late Richard
Wagner, is the greatest living master of counterpoint:
Mr. Lempriere Pringle is also a composer of no mean
order himself.     During the five years that he spent
with the Carl Rosa Opera Comwany as their leading
basso he filled no less than fifty-seven different rdles.
In Wagnerian music he is heard to special advantage
and his rich full voice and powerful acting have combined to make his creation of " Caspar" in " Der
Freischutz " (Weber) a masterpiece of art.
One of the last compliments accorded to Miss Beverley Robinson (who is the youngest daughter of the late
Hon. John Beverley Robinson ex-Lieut.-Governor of On-.
tario) was the dedication to her by Maud Valerie White
of a beautiful " Farewell Song " on her departure from
London for Canada. Being a Canadian by birth and
education, Miss Robinson is entitled to a warm reception from her compatriots in British Columbia and
also having attained such notoriety in the musical
world of London there is but little doubt she will be
tendered a sincere welcome throughout the Dominion.
Miss Robinson has sung in conjunction with many
great artists of the day such as Antoinette Stirling,
Ben Davies and Marie Brema, amongst whom she has
many true friends and admirers. Possessing a soprano
voice of a fine mezzo quality, she has also succeeded
in chamber music and oratorio, though opera is undoubtedly her forte.
Miss Beatrice Langley, the clever young violinist
whom Madam Albani has chosen to accompany her
during this tour through Canada on to Australia, is a
daughter of Col. Langley, late of the Royal Artillery.
From her earliest years Miss Langley displayed such
marked talent for music and taste for the violin in
particular, that her parents decided to give her a
thorough musical education. When a child of only
nine years old she made her first appearance in public in Dublin, playing the obligato to Braga's well-
known serenade, sung upon that occasion by her
mother, Mrs. Langley, and was received with much
enthusiasm; in 1886 she became the pupil of Joseph
Ludwig, subsequently studying under Wilhelmz, until
in 1893 she made her formal dSbut at the Crystal
Palace. Since then Miss Langley has played at the
Queen's Hall, St. James' Hall, and elsewhere in London, always evoking favorable notice from the press
and the public, and for once the verdict of the critics
coincided with popular fancy in praising this young
solo-violinist, the only lady who has ever dared to essay in public the celebrated and difficult A minor
variations of Paganini. Needless to say she succeeded
in rendering them well, for Miss Langley is an artiste to
her finger tips, and therefore incapable of attempting
what she could not perform with credit both to the
composer and herself.
Mr. C. A. E. Harries, the well-known impresario of
London, England, under whose management Madame
Albani is now touring, has lately been the recipient of
many congratulatory letters from eminent musicians
upon the excellence of his new opera "Torquil." Sir
George Grove, Dr. Varley Roberts and Dr. Bridge, all
speak in the highest terms of the composition, and Sir
John Stainer adds that he has "gone through the work
with the closest interest and finds it replete with melody." Mr. Harriss (who it will be remembered gave
an organ recital in St. John's Church, Victoria, about
four years ago) is slowly but surely ascending the
ladder of musical fame, and should the "discriminating
public" back up the verdict of the critics by pronouncing favorably upon "Torquil", he will have made a
double step on the upward climb. DURHAM.
SPORT
RUGBY FOOTBALL.
VICTORIA V.  NAVY   AND  RETURN.
WESTMINSTER failing to keep their engagement,
the Navy came forward and filled the vacancy.
The grounds being in such a wretched state good football was next to impossible. January 9th,   18i»7.
rHE   PROVINCE.
25
For the first thirty minutes the game was of an even
character, both teams getting dangerously near the
posts. After the interval Victoria showed superior
staying powers, and kept the Navy well in their
26 line, the ball at last being dribbled over the touch-
line, Langley touching down. The place was entrusted
to Petticrew, who failed to make the major point.
'Wilson then secured the ball from a pass, and evading
all opposition made a fine run, but unfortunately
dropped the ball when near the touch-line, but he
made amends shortly after by placing the ball safely
between the uprights, Petticrew again failing in the
place.  ,
Wilson/ if properly fed, should make a valuable
addition to the three-quarters. He has strength,
speed, and a cool head.
Forward and back the Victoria team is well
balanced, the forwards having made great improvement in dribbling, the weak spot in the team being
the halves. Goward is new to the game, and will
improve with experience; but there is no excuse for
Haines, who prefers keeping the ball instead of feeding
the three-quarters.
The Navy were somewhat handicapped by the very
" cool" play of their full back. Their forwards
possess plenty of weight, and play a dashing game.
The return game between the above teams took place
at the Naval Canteen Grounds, Esquimalt. The City
team again proved their superiority winning by eleven
points to love.
The feature of the return game was the unnecessary
roughness displayed. Both sides suffered in consequence, and at the finish several men were in a
crippled condition. The game was a series of close
scrimmages from start to finish, the forwards of both
sides working hard and well together.
In the open Victoria was most conspicuous, the
forwards dribbling in good style despite the greasy state
of the ball, and the backs being always equal to the
occasion when pressed. Wilson is one of the most
promieing three-quarters Victoria has had for a long
time. In attacking he shows good judgment, and has
a wonderful turn of speed. The weak spot in the
• team is the half-backs who do not feed their back line
as they might, and for a half-back to feed his partner
(at half) is against the principles of the game.
VICTORIA VS. MAINLAND.
A little consideration for the public by some of the
Victoria players, would be very much appreciated.
The spectators who have assembled to watch the
match—and paid their admission fee—have a right to
expect the home team to be on hand at the advertized
time, and the players who neglect to do this show very
bad taste. The game had been in progress some ten
or fifteen minutes before the Crease brothers put in an
appearance.
Playing two short in the scrum, the game went all
against the home team, and but for the strong defence
offered, the visitors must surely have scored. After
the arrival of the Crease brothers, the game became
more even, Woodward and Hardy for the visitors
playing fine football.
' In the second half the Victoria backs gave a fine
display of combined work. Selfishness was conspicuous by its absence, the ball being passed with rapidity
across the three-quarter line.
Wilson again put up a fine game, scoring twice and
proving too fast for the Mainlanders. Miller was in
great form and never played better. Gamble played
a sound game and was very tricky, always passing at
the right moment. Haines must be accorded credit
for playing at all as he was suffering with a badly
damaged hand. Petticrew was a safe back, kicking
strongly and with judgment. Goward played a much
improved game at half, feeding his backs much better
than usual, while his knowledge of " socker " proved
very useful.
The forwards were in fine trim and played a good
hard game especially in the second half, when they
carried the scrum in great style. In the open their
dribbling was much better than the visitors'.
The game finally ended in favour of Victoria by
sixteen points to nil, a most substantial win considering they were playing against the combined strength
of New Westminster" and Vancouver.
Mr. E. E. Billingburst filled the unthankful part of
referee and seemed to give general satisfaction although,
of course, he couldn't be expected to please everybody.
PLACE KICK.
MISCELLANEOUS.
PROTECTION.
IT is admitted that a nation can live within itself, as
the Chinese did for many centuries, or as the North
American Indians did prior to the discovery of this
continent; but that nation will most quickly become
prosperous and populous which has within itself the
majority of its own requirements, and has, besides, a
large surplus to sell to other countries wherewith to
develop its own resources and to build up a reserve of
national wealth.
Such a nation should be one producing largely the
products of the soil, the sea, the forest or the mine,
and manufacturing for itself and for other countries
those goods which it can turn out to advantage. It
should be satisfied to produce and manufacture only
those products which are natural toil, and to import
its requirements other than these from those countries
which produce them most cheaply, paying for such
with the proceeds of its own surplus products after
disposal in the best market.
Canada's National Policy has been one in the interests of manufactures only. It has highly protected
manufacturing industries, and it professed also to
protect our producing classes—the farmers, miners,
fishermen and lumbermen. It had a trial of
eighteen years, but apparently it did not so
establish the protected industries as to enable them
to exist without protection, or if they can be carried
on without protection they still want it; a most
unjust state of affairs if protection is no longer needed.
It only protects the farmer when certain produce
required for local consumption is not grown in excess
of the local demands ; whenever the supply of such
produce is in excess of the local demands, local competition so reduces values that protection is useless.
To prove this I need only instance the condition of
agriculture in the adjacent State of Washington, of
the " Great Republic," whose national policy Canada
imitated. That State now produces far more than it
consumes, and the protective tariff is no benefit to the
unfortunate farmer who labours under the burden of
high protection on manufactured goods, while protection on his produce does not protect and does not
create a market. He is not afraid of any other country
shipping products similar to his into the State of
Washington. The competition between the local
producers for the home market has reduced prices so
that outside competition would be impossible, and <
protection, as far as the farmer is concerned, is an
injustice and a lie. The prices he can realize for his
products are regulated by the world's demand and the
world's markets. His case is a hard one. He can
barely exist in the midst of plenty, while the American manufacturer, like his Canadian brother, rolls up
his millions, and by means of trusts and combines
(made easy by protection) regulates the supply and
the price of manufactured goods, keeping them at the
highest point which an unjust tariff renders possible.
Canada cannot be called an exporter of manufactured goods to any extent except in a very few articles
of trifling volume. I, of course, "except butter, cheese,
etc., which I rank as farm  produce.   Our natural 26
THE   PROVINCE.
•January 9th, 1897.
products may therefore be taken as our gross income,
and a wise nation, like a prudent individual, should
see that it does not part with its earnings except on
receipt of the fullest and best value obtainable. A
certain revenue is required to conduct the affairs of
our country, and this should be levied either by direct
taxation or by a tariff for revenue not coupled with
protection.
It must be borne in mind that high protection is
not calculated to create revenue, and where it does so
we would, after say three or four years, conclude that
the protected industry is not natural to the country ;
an exotic, "Cut it down, why cumbereth it the
ground?" It therefore follows that revenue by tariff
can only be permanently raised by duties on those
goods and commodities which we do not produce and
cannot manufacture to advantage.
The first step in building up a great nation should
be to so regulate our country's affairs that it will have
a growing and prosperous population of those classes
who actually produce. This growth cannot be
expected unless reasonable prosperity is possible to
those who farm the land, fish our seas and lakes, fell
our forests and work our mines.
Nothing can justify a new country, in its desire to
foster manufactures, in imposing any burden on these
natural industries over and beyond the actual requirements for the government and development of the
country.
If, in order to foster any branch of manufacture, it
is necessary to impose a tariff which makes the cost of
the manufactured article higher to the Canadian consumer than it would be without protection, a burden
is imposed which is calculated to retard the progress
and development of our country.
There are no doubt many branches of manufacture,
natural to us, which would not cease to thrive without
- the protection they have been given. There are many
that would find their unjust profits much curtailed,
and there are no doubt some that would cease to exist
with great benefit to the country in the present stage
of its national growth.
Let us first have a nation great in the producing
classes ; manufactures will follow. They will be born
of healthy parents ; they will be of robust growth and
natural to our country ; and for such manufactures
our producing classes will be glad to barter their products for value received.
Let the producer and the manufacturer stand on an
equal footing. The former has to sell his products in
competition with the whole world, and he should
have the whole world to buy from if he choose^, without any unequal tariff hindrance.
Under a purely revenue tariff the financial requirements of the country would be met as at present;
combinations and trusts would not be possible to any
great extent; the few manufacturers would not be
enriched at the expense of the many down-trodden
producers ; the corruption of constituencies by money
stolen from them would cease; the nation would be
managing its affairs on a basis of sound business,
giving and receiving value.
If, for example, under the protective tariff its costs
40 cents to raise a bushel of wheat which only sells for
40 cents, our country, so far as grain-growing is concerned, is a failure ; but if under free or freer trade a
farmer's wants can be so reduced in cost that he can
grow wheat at 30 cents agriculture will develop, the
farmers will prosper, and Canada will have at least
the backbone of a nation.
It is surprising - that our producing classes, now
apparently aroused by their desperate condition, have
not long ago realized the fallacy of protection. I
would ask what has been the aim of the Canadian
protectionist? Has it been h'oped that in time we
would supply Europe or the United States with
machinery, ship woollen goods to Yorkshire, or cotton
goods to Manchester?   Or do we hope to send Cana
dian built steel steam vessels to the Clyde? Such
propositions would appear preposterous to the most
visionary.
The main aim of the protectionist is merely to
manufacture in Canada for Canada only, and so long
as we are not a nation of exporting manufacturers, the
manufacturer does not pay one cent into the national
treasury. The producer pays the entire bill of
governing and developing the country. The Canadian
manufacturer who pays his taxes gets the wherewithal
to pay them from the Canadian producer.
In Great Britain protection is not really a party
question, Liberal-Unionist, Conservative, Liberal and
Radical being practically united against it. As compared with Canada the position in Great Britain is
reversed. There it is the farmers who would like
protection against foreign and colonial producers.
Their present position is unfortunate ; but so long as
Great Britain's prosperity depends more largely on
her manufactures than on farming, free trade will be
her policy, as the .exporting manufacturers pay the
greater part of the revenue.
The urban masses of England, as her manufactures increased, clamoured against food taxation until •
that clear-headed statesman, Sir Robert Peel, recognized that unless the Conservatives threw such taxation overboard English manufactures would lose their
supremacy, and his party would suffer defeat.
I believe the true inwardness of protection in our
Dominion is now being realized, and that common-
sense and the country's true interests will prevail
against the combinations of money, and brains purchased with money. These have been the power
behind the throne which has governed past Conservative Governments.
We want no revolutions or civil wars, and I trust
that right and might will be synonymous terms with our
rulers recently elected. If the will of the sovereign
people cannot give us a pure administration, it were
better far that there never had been a Dominion of
Canada, and that the provinces which constitute it
were still colonies of the Old Country.
GASSIAR.
THE FARM.
EVERY farmer in B.C. should provide himself a memorandum book in which to enter the chief events of
the year. If no such book has been kept begin one now
at the outset of the new year, and record in it all
important matters. He must be a poor farmer who
cannot find in the experience of the past year something that suggests improvement, and in his forward
look be should enter in his book at the proper month
a memorandum so that he will be sure the required
improvements will be undertaken. It were policy
on our part to carefully consider the question of farm
insurance: if our connections are such that we cannot
insure in a farmer's mutual or co-operative insurance
concern, we should see that all farm buildings are
insured in a safe company. Loss and disaster come
when least expected, hence in our own interests it
becomes us to examine all chimneys and flues to see
that no woodwork goes near them; wood, but moderately
heated for a long time, becomes tinder-like and will take
fire very readily. This, and the careless storing of hot
ashes, are the most frequent causes of fire in farm
houses.
There is another feature in the matter of farm
accounts that is worthy of the earnest consideration of
our farmers. We have commented upon this matter several times; we feel the importance of the matter and
therefore trust our readers will bear with us in once
more referring to the same. We observe the shrewd
man of business does not neglect to keep an account
of all his transactions, consequently at the end of the
year he can readily acertain the condition of his affairs,
and whether profit or loss has been the result of his J January 9th, 1897.
THE   PROVINCE,
27
operations. And what the merchant, manufacturer
or business man does in this regard may wisely and
profitably be done by our agriculturists. As a rule
the farmer who keeps an account of his doings, is
successful in his operations. If he does this he not
only knows the exact state of his financial affairs, but
is fully advised as to the condition of his crop,
live stock, farm and its appurtenances. The man who
carefully notes down the cost of each crop, and
the receipts therefrom is enabled to decide as to the
profit or loss, and also to arrive at some definite conclusion as to where he has   erred  in  management.
When we consider the fact that every farmer is to a
greater or less extent a manufacturer, we can but
observe the imperative necessity that exists for him to
keep a correct account of his various operations. This
is without doubt the key to success in "any business,
consequently it must be of value and importance to the
farmer. We fear many of our brother farmers are utterly
unable to give any detailed account of their farming
operations, or if the balance is on the right or wrong side
of the ledger. It is needless to say that such management would soon wreck almost any commercial enterprise and hence the frequent complaint, that" farming
does not pay," " there isvno money in farming," etc.,
is not surprising. If you, brother, will just make up
your mind to keep an accurate account of your doings
on the farm during the coming year, if we are not much
mistaken you will find yourself at the end of 1897 not
only wiser but ere long richer in consequence. In
fact, resolve that you will know how you stand at the
close of the year, what crops or branch of agriculture
you may have followed out has been profitabfe or otherwise.
Nowhere does the hand of the owner appear more
profitably than among his fattening and other stock.
If he sees to their care and feeding and keeps them in
health and growth, they will come out in better condition in spring, at a less cost than if trusted to the
most careful man who has not the interest of ownership. In feeding horses consider the purpose for which
the animal is employed, the 'size, age, etc. In many
stables all horses are fed the same quantity without
regard to constitution or need. If driving on the road
more grain should be fed in proportion to the hay, than
if used for farming or slow work. The water given to a
horse should be pure; do not have the well in the barnyard as the wash will soak into it and pollute the water.
If a running creek of clean water is convenient let the
horses drink there in preference to drinking well water.
In raising calves for the dairy, the choice of a pure bred
bull should be carefully considered, provided he be of
some acknowledged dairy breed and of good character;
in three or four generations the progeny if well selected
will partake of the good qualities of the pure bred.
Half bred Jersey, Guernsey, or Ayrshire calves have
been found equally valuable for product with the pure
bred ones. The calf thus wellbred must be well fed
and trained. It is by no means necessary that the
calf should be fed upon fresh milk from the cow^
Cream and fat are not required for a calf intended for
the dairy, but a good frame of bones, covered with
healthful muscular tissue. These are well and fully
supplied by skimmed milk, and the milk is well and
fully digested when given warm, and at a temperature
almost equal to that of the stomach.
Give the pigs a warm tight pen; peas or pea meal is
an expensive material with which to keep out the cold
air; warmth is a great saver of food in the fattening of
animals. See that the watering arrangements are
convenient for the animals; do not let the ''young
animals struggle with the older ones for their share,
but let them out first, give the sheep a daily feed of
oats, with their coarse fodder. To throw hay and straw
down on the ground ent.ails more waste than would
pay the cost of several feed racks; fodder may be made
by saving it.
Many jobs may be performed in the orchard, that
will be of advantage during the month of January.
Should rabbits affect a liking to the bark of your trees,
smear the trunks with blood or grease, or better still,
trap or shoot and eat them. Watch the tops of fruit
trees; the eggs of the tent caterpillar may be seen as
bands near the end of the small twigs; cut them off and
burn. If strawberry beds are still uncovered apply
straw, leaves, or litter between the rows with but little
upon the plants. Exercise care in protecting your
potato pits; do not let them freeze. Onions are not
injured by freezing, if allowed to thaw out gradually.
Bees wintered on the summer stands should be examined occasionally, as mice are sometimes troublesome,
and it is astonishing to those unfamiliar with the fact,
how small an aperture they will pass through; they
seem to have a special fancy for the warmth furnished
by the cluster, and will persevere until an entrance
has been gained into the hive unless it is well guarded.
It is best not to feed bees this month, perfect quiet is
more necessary. Those however that require it, may
have a few bars of cream candy, placed on the top of
frames on the top of cushion. A closing word of admonition, you have no right to feed a dog, so long, as you
have not the money to provide your family with good
papers and books. • AGRICOLA.
FROM PARIS.
THE most remarkable feature about the elections to
be held in January to replace the one-third of
the Senate retiring every nine years by rotation, is the
total absence of public interest in the event. 'The
people have been satiated with politics ; any liveliness
in the contest is confined to the candidates and their
journals. The fight is hot on the side of the extreme
Republicans ; for them, the Senate is a Bastile to be
demolished, as no matter what bills the Lower House
may send up, if deemed too sweeping, the Patricians
apply the extinguisher act. Hence, the archives of
the Senate contain tons of projects for the material,
moral and social welfare of France, which remain as
undisturbed as the swathing of a shepherd king
mummy. Even the sponsors of the measures, destined
to make the country great, glorious and free, forget all
about their offsprings. The Progressists still continue
to run well together, when it is remembered that each
member has his own dada to nurse and to dandle, and
aims at becoming a minister, preparatory to finishing
up as President of France. Their party in the Senate
is a minority to be reckoned with, and their programme is to carry the Income Tax Bill. This latter
measure will be the main spring of their charter at
the general elections for the Chamber of Deputies next
October.
Indeed, it would not be too much to assert that the
pivot of French prosperity, in its widest meaning,
turns upon the fiscal situation. At present all is
labyrinthine financially ; the most roundabout makeshifts being still relied upon to raise revenue, or,
rather, to meet the increasing demands for war, naval
and civil expenditure. Nothing more can be squeezed
out of indirect taxation ; all articles, even to dogs,
pianos, bicycles and motor cars, have been taxed to
the uttermost. The income tax, that is direct taxation,
would be a boon and a blessing for France—for even
some blisters are salutary. The people having to pay
a poundage pro rata to revenue would thus have a
ready reckoner, a taxometer at hand, to guage exactly
the sum they must annually contribute to pay for
their country's glory. It would have the same calming, wet-blanket influence on Chauvinism as has had
obligatory military service. When the bellicose
inclined cannot purchase a subject to intercept the
enemy's bullets for them they become very reflective
before voting for a war. France could never maintain
such an institution as the English can exhibit in their
half-million of volunteers ; indeed, French soldiers on
being discharged from their time service of one or
i
-J 28
THE   PROVINCE.
January 9th. 1897
«
three years under the flag, show no inclination to re-
enlist, hence the difficulty, despite liberal inducements,
to secure non-commissioned officers, the small supply
of whom constitutes the weakness of the French
army, while the contrary is the case with Germany.
France has had a surprise, rather than a scare, on
learning that $40,000,000 will be required to bring her
navy up-to-date, and to meet the needs of peace and
civilization. After reading the debates on the naval
estimates, and the suggestions for more ships, it is
difficult to see where the strength of France in ironclads, cruisers, etc., lies. Some Deputies declared the
dockyards and arsenals were a mighty maze, and
without even a plan. In reply to the charge that the
boilers of the vessels were inefficient and faulty, the
Minister of Marine retorted that such was not the case,
as they were the same as those supplied by French
engineers to the English navy. Perhaps this may
account for the many machinery troubles in the British
navy. France largely furnishes England with shells,
and right good ones they are when filled by British
engineers. So long as Germany does not supply
Britain's infantry with bayonets that bend, and her
cavalry with swords that tfwist into reaping hooks,
there is no fear of deterioration in her war material.
It is doubtless to promote the new entente cordiale
fad that authorized naval writers to boast France will
be able with her new fleet to strike England to the
heart, and wipe out the memories of Trafalgar and
Waterloo. Why not run back to Crecy and Agincourt?
Have you noticed that the international brigade of
Delenda Carthago \ writers never mention what precautions Britain would be taking, what alliances she
would negotiate while the paper Armadas were being
ordered to their moorings ? True, when the Spanish
Armada, that set out as invincible, and ended in flotsam and jetsom, appeared in the English Channel. Sir
Francis Drake took matters easily, and did not go on
board his ship till he had finished his game of skittles.
Brief, England has only to double her naval estimates
to frighten those, continental powers who rig out to.
dispute her march o'er the ocean wave and her home
on the roving deep. In the competition for bankruptcy
between modem nations, England will always be able
to pay twenty shillings in the pound. It was a puzzle
to the French to know what to make out of Madagascar, or how to utilize that white elephant. Eureka !
It will be converted into a convict run, vice New
Caledonia, superseded. It is calculated, vide statistics
by the Ministry of Justice, that France has a home
army of 60,000 recidivistes, all ripe for transportation,
and who French citizens would be glad to learn Would
be shipped to-morrow to Madagascar ; they would
even subscribe with two hands for a loan to permit
such patriots to leave their country for their country's
good. The Australians will be glad of this reform ;
they were at daggers drawn with France for dumping
her social detritus in New Caledonia, where the moral
contagionists so easily escaped to their continent, as
well as to the Robinson Crusoe Isles of Polynesia.
Madagascar already, at Diego-Saurez, has a penitentiary where convicts from Algeria and Tonkin are
taught to cease to do evil and learn to do good. New
Caledonia is becoming a vast and profitable coffee
plantation of some five millions of acres. The coffee
, is admitted at fifteen sous the two and a quarter
pound, less duty, than that levied on the Mochas of
foreigners. By-the-bye, Madagascar has been the
means of inaugurating a new system of interview.
The latter has never been accepted as trustworthy in
France, unless the distinguished personage interviewed
himself, and wrote at the same time its complement—
the usual letter repudiating the recital. M. Langa,
the " French '' Protestant missionary in Madagascar,
requested the journalist who called to " do " him, to
write out his questions, and he sent full answers
keeping a press copy of same ; thus the replies,
like the laws of the Medes and Persians, altered not.
Pastor Langa announces that in order to escape
further annoyance and suspicion of being politicians
and not" Biblists," the English and American missions
have handed over their 860 schools, 27,000 pupils, and
the whole corps of native teachers of both sexes to the
" French" Protestant Mission Society. Even in
religion, the French scheme of progress — that of
keeping out of their possessions all " foreign devils,"
clergymen included—is going ahead. Even the
I Code I is to be fortified, iron-plated with the additional organic clause just proposed, that only a French
subject can hold any position of public trust or
employment in the French realm. That's another
feather in the cap of McKinleyism, and a fresh impetus'
to all ententes cordiales.
Austro-Hungary holds Bosnia and Herzegovina on
the same lines as England does Egypt. She has so
developed and civilised them that they now blossom
as the rose. Who will order her to leave? As well
ask, who will order the British to quit Egypt, especially after their recent battle of the Nile, where, in exchange for loaning the Khedive half a million sterling
they became the mortgagee of the Soudan, with extension to Alexandria. The time is close at hand when
England mustTelaim her protectorate over Egypt and
clear away the impedimenta of consular courts and
anti-British Leagues. The six ambassadors intend in
a few days, with or without chloroform, to apply a
kill or cure remedy to the Sultan. Whether he succumbs, or has to keep his room for life, the world—
including Armenians and young Turks—will benefit
by the change ; civilization and humanity will have
one Bluebeard the less to deal with.       CANDIDE.
FRILLS AND FURBELOWS.
MR. TERAH HOOLEY'S splendid presentation of
gold plate to St. Paul's, is being manufactured by
the Goldsmiths' and Silversmiths' Company in Regent
Street, and will be given to the Cathedral early in the
new year. The two flagons and four chalices are decorated in the Renaissance style. The service will
weigh about 300 ounces.
It was a gracious thought which prompted Mrs.
Sutherland Orr and Mrs. Matthews, Lord Leighton's
sisters, to offer their brother's house to the nation with
its famous Arab hall and magnificent paintings.
There is a splendid collection of his pictures now on
view at Burlington House. Turner's house at Twickenham, built by the painter from his own design in
the year 1813, is for sale. . It is not particularly pretty
or picturesque, bricks and mortar now hide the view
it had of the river, where the artist gained his marvellous knowledge of atmosphere, and wonderful cloud
effects. It was from here that his " View from Richmond Hill" was painted.
It seems a strange thing to celebrate the golden
wedding of people who have long since passed away ;
notwithstanding an interesting service took place on
Saturday at the Parish Church, Marylebone, to keep
"the golden wedding of Robert and Mrs. Barrett Browning, where half a century ago that famous couple were
married. The church was crowded with people who
had received invitation cards. These were fa'c similes
of the wedding certificate with portraits of the poets.
A very beautiful address was given by Dean Farrar in
appreciation of the great poet, but which caused a little dissatisfaction with some owing to the scant reference made to Mrs. Browning, who with the general
public is, perhaps, the greater favourite of the two.
A new, or rather a revived industry, has lately
arisen for women. The old hand-loom is being heard
of once more. The revival of hand weaving in England seems to be contemporary with the use of power
looms on the Continent. It is said that hand weaving
is quicker and cheaper for rich silks than machinery.
The demand for hand woven fabrics is rapidly on the
increase. ~*
January 9th. 1897.
-"O ' - ■ =
THE   PROVINCE
29
How much more interesting it is to hear of things
at first hand. For months a distant kind of sympathy has been devoted to the Armenians, but an
hour's conversation with an Armenian in a train was
sufficient to arouse a feeling of active and heartfelt
sorrow. On a short journey the other day, someone
in the railway carriage remarked, "What a good
speech Lord Salisbury made' at the Guildhall the other
evening," when a lady (who looked quite English)
leant forward and said, " I cannot agree with you, 1
am an Armenian." Left alone in the carriage she told
me something of what they had been subjected to.
She evidently was one of the high class Armenians,
and great friends with the British ambassador,
through whose influence she, her brothers and sisters
escaped being " butchered " as she called it. She told
• of dreadful horrors connected with the massacres, and
the terrible treatment to which women were subjected.
The American missionaries behaved splendidly. They
took a huge house and nursed as many of the wretched
women as they could, many of whom killed themselves rather than fall into the hands of the detested
Turks. Children were killed on their mother's knees.
At times she was quite overcome. She had lunched
at the Gladstones, and of course found Mr. Gladstone
most sympathetic. Lady Henry Somerset wished to
organize a big meeting if she would come on the platform, but this she refused to do, as if the Turks heard
of it all their property in Constantinople would be
confiscated and they themselves beggared. Her sad-
account brought to mind a story in Mr. Lecky's
Democracy and Liberty, in the chapter on the woman
question, where Napoleon once met Condoret's widpw,
an active Republican, and said to her, " Madame, I
do not like women to meddle in politics." " You are
right, General," she returned, " but in a country
'where it is the custom to cut off the heads of women,
it is natural they should ask the reason why."
Everyone was glad to hear that the fire at Blenheim
House had been kept under. There are such priceless
possessions in this, one of England's greatest show-
places, with its park and priceless art treasures. The
beautiful Laguerre ceiling was, unfortunately, damaged by the fire. Although so young, the Duchess of
Marlborough is regarded as one of the best hostesses
of the day. She has quite set the fashion in white
velvet dresses for evening wear. There were some
very noticeable gowns to be seen at an afternoon
concert given by the Green Park Club, which is so
essentially composed of musical people. One of these
was a heliotrope cloth braided with mixed heliotrope
and white silk cord. The bodice had a tucked white
satin vest and was trimmed with mink, an edging of
the same fur bordered the .braided skirt. The
new kind of glove for evening wear is
suede, the upper part which covers the arm
being composed of lace ; a ribbon is run
through the top and tied in a bow. Sometimes the
lace is plain, or can be covered with tiny spangles;
for thin arms the suede gloves trimmed with lace
frills will be much in request. These are made with
four frills, through the middle of each a ribbon is run
and tied in a bow, and the effect is really very good.
A delicious lunch dish, or an entrie for a dinner
may be made of mincing cold veal and mixing with it
chopped nuts. Any kind of nuts may be used, and
the proportion is fourteen nuts the size of walnuts to
half a pound of meat. Blanch the nuts before chopping. Season with half a teaspoonful of salt and a
dash of pepper, and bind together with a beaten egg.
Make, into small balls like croquettes, or like fish-
balls, put into a baking dish with half a pint of
strained tomato and cook in a hot oven for a quarter
of an hour. Put the meat balls into a hot plate,
thicken the tomato with a heaped up teaspoonful of
flour, wet in cold water until smooth, add the same
amount of butter, and when all is mixed and smooth
pour over the meat, FRIVOLIA.
SHORT STORY.
JIM LANCY'S WATERLOO.
ON  A  FARM  IN  NEBRASKA.
( Continued.)
LIFE grew to take on such tragic aspects. Annie
used to find herself wondering if anywhere in the
world there were people with light hearts. For her
there was no longer anticipation of joy, or present
companionship, or any divertisement in the whole
world. Jim read books which she did not understand,
and with a few of his friends, who dropped in now
and then in the evenings or on Sundays, talked about
these books in an excited manner.
She would go to her room and rest, and, lying there
in the darkness on the bed, would hear them speaking
together, sometimes all at once, in those sternly, vindictive tones men use when revolt is in their souls.
He got more eloquent as time went on, and Annie,
who had known Jim as rather a careless talker, was
astonished at the boldness of his language. But conversation was a lost art with him. He no longer
talked.   He harangued.
In the early spring Annie's baby was born—a little
girl with a nervous cry, who never slept long at a
time, and who seemed to wail merely from distaste at
living. It was Mrs. Dundy who came over to look
after the house till Annie got able to do so. Her eyes
had that fever in them, as ever. She talked but little,
but her touch on Annie's head was more eloquent than
words. One day Annie asked for the glass, and Mrs.
Dundy gave it to her. She looked in it a long time.
The colour was gone from her cheeks, and about her
mouth there was an ugly tightening. But her eyes
flashed and shone with that same—no, no, it could
not be that in her face also was coming that look of
half madness ! She motioned Mrs. Dundy to come to
her.
"You knew it was coming," she said, brokenly,
pointing to the reflection in the glass. " That first
day, you knew how it would be."
Mrs. Dundy took the glass away with a gentle hand.
" How could I help knowing ?" she said simply.
She went into the next room, and when she returned
Annie noticed that the handkerchief stuck in her belt
was wet, as if it had been wept on.
A woman cannot stay long away from her home on
a farm at seeding time, even if it is a case of life and
death. Mrs. Dundy had to go home, and Annie crept
about her work with the wailing baby in her arms.
The house was often disorderly now; but it could not
be helped. The baby had to be cared for. It fretted
so much that Jim slept apart in the mow of the barn,
that his sleep might not be disturbed. It was a
pleasant, dim place, full of sweet scents, and he liked
to be there alone. Though he had always been an unusual worker, he worked now more like a man who
was fighting off fate, thau a mere toiler for bread.
The corn came up beautifully, and as far as the
eye could reach around their home it tossed its broad
green leaves with an ocean-like swelling of sibilant
sound. Jim loved it with a sort of passion. Sometimes, at night, when her fatigue was unbearable, and
her irritation wearing out both body and soul, Annie
took her little one in her arms and walked among the
corn, letting its rustling soothe the baby to sleep.
The heat of the summer was terrible. The sun
came up in that blue sky like a curse, and hung there
till night came to comfort the blistering earth. And
one morning a terrible thing happened. Annie was
standing out of doors in the shade of those miserable
little oaks, ironing, when suddenly a blast of air
struck her in the face, which made her look up
startled. For a moment she thought perhaps there
there was a fire near in the grass. But there was
none. Another blast came, hotter this time, and
fifteen minutes later that wind was sweeping 'straight 30
THE   PROVINCE.
January 9th, 1897.
across the plain, burning and blasting. Annie went1
into the house to finish her ironing, and was working
there, when she heard Jim's footsteps on the doorsill.
He could not look pale because of the tan, but there
was a look of agony and of anger—almost brutish
anger—in his eyes. Then he looked for a moment at
Annie standing there working patiently, and rocking
the little crib with one foot, and he sat down on the
doorstep and buried his face in his brown arms.
The wind blew for three days. At the end of that
time every ear was withered in the stalk. The corn
crop was ruined.
But there were the other crops which must be
attended to, and Jim watched those with the alertness
of a despairing manj and so harvest came again, and
again the house was filled with men who talked their
careless talk, and who were not ashamed to gorge
while this one woman cooked for them. The baby lay
on a quilt on the floor in the coolest part of the
kitchen. Annie fed it irregularly. Sometimes she
almost forgot it. As for its wailing, she had grown so
used to it that she hardly heard it, any more than she
did the ticking of the clock. And yet, tighter than
anything else in life was the hold that little thing had
on her heartstrings. At night, after the interminable
work had been finished—though in slovenly fashion—
she would take it up and caress it with fierceness, and,
worn as she was, would bathe it and soothe it, and
give it warm milk from the big tin pail.
" Lay the child down," Jim would say impatiently,
while the men would tell how their wives always put
their babies on the bed and let them cry if they
wanted to. Annie said nothing, but she hushed the
little one with tender songs.
One day, as usual, it lay-on its quilt while Annie
worked. It was a terribly busy morning. She had
risen at four to get the washing out of the way before
the men got on hand, and there was a dozen loaves of
bread to bake, and the meals to get, and the milk to
attend to, and the chickens and pigs to feed. So
occupied was she that she never was able to tell
how long she was gone from the baby. She only knew
that the heat of her own body was so great that the
blood seemed to be pounding at her ears, and she
staggered as she crossed the yard. But when she
went at last with a cup of milk to feed the little one,
as she lifted it, a last convulsion laid it back breathless, and its heart had ceased to beat.
Annie ran with it to her room, and tried such
remedies as she had. But nothing could keep the
chill from creeping over the wasted little form—not
even the heat of the day, not even the mother's
agonized embrace. Then,Annie suddenly looked at
the clock. It was time to get the dinner. She laid,
the piteous tiny shape straight on the bed, threw a
sheet over it, and went back to the weltering kitchen
to cook for those men, who came at noon, and who
must be fed—who must be fed.
When they were all seated at the table, Jin; among
them, and she had served them, she said, standing at
the head of the table, with her hands on her hips—
" I don't suppose any of you have time to do anything about it; but I thought that you might like to
know that baby is dead. I wouldn't think of asking
you to spare the horses, for I know they have to rest.
But I thought, if you could make out on a cold supper,
that I would go to the town for a coffin."
There was a satire in the voice that stung even
through the dull perceptions of these men, and Jim
arose with a cry and went to the room where his dead
baby lay.
About two months after this Annie insisted that
she must go home.   Jim protested in a way.
" You know, I'd like to send' you," he said, " but I
don't see where the money is to come from. And
Since I've got this nomination, I want to run as well
as I can. My friends expect me to do my best for
them.    It's a duty, you know, and nothing less, for a
few men, like me, to get in the Legislature. We're
going to get a railroad bill through this session that
will straighten out a good many things. Be patient
a little longer, Annie."
" I want to go home," was the only reply he got.
" You must get the money some way for me."
" I haven't paid a cent of interest yet," he cried
angrily. " I don't see what you mean by being so
unreasonable ! "
" You must get the money some way," she reiterated.
He did not speak to her for a week, except when he
was obliged to. But she did not seem to mind; and
he gave her the money. He took her to the train in
the little wagon that had met her when she first came.
At the station some women were gossiping excitedly,
and Annie asked what they were saying.
" It's Mis' Dundy," they said. " She's been sent to
th' insane asylum at Lincoln. She's gone stark mad.
All she said on the way out was,' Th' butter won't
come !'" Then they laughed a little—a strange
laugh ; and Annie thought of a drinking-song she
once heard, "Here's to the next who dies."
Ten days after this Jim got a letter from her.
" I'm never coming back, Jim," it said. " It's
hopeless. I don't think I would mind standing still
to be shot down if there was good in it.. But I'm not
going back there to work harder than any slave for
those money-loaners and the railroads. I guess they
can all get along without me. And I'm sure I can
get along without them. I do not think this will
make you feel very bad. You haven't seemed to
notice me very much lately when I've been around,
and I do not think you will notice very much when
I'm gone. I know what this means. I know I am
breaking my word when I leave you. But remember,
it is not you I leave, but the soil, Jim ! I will not be
its slave any longer. If you care to come for me here,.
and live another life—but no, there would be no use.
Our love, like our toil, has been eaten up by those
rapacious acres.    Let us say good-bye."
Jim sat all night with this letter in his hand.
Sometimes he dozed heavily in his chair. But he did
not go to bed; and the next morning he hitched up
his horses and rode to town. He went to the bank
which held his notes.
"I'll confess judgment as soon as you like," he
said.    "Its all up with me."
It was done as quickly as the law would allow.
And the things in the house were sold by auction.
All the farmers were there with their wives. It made
quite an outing for them. Jim moved around, impassively, and chatted, now and then, with some of
the men about what the horses ought to bring.
The auctioneer' was a clever fellow. Between the
putting up of the articles, he sang comic songs, and
the funnier the song, the livelier the bidding that
followed. The horses brought a decent price, and the
machinery a disappointing one; and then, after a
delicious snatch about Nell who rode the sway-backed
mare at the county fair, he got down to the furniture
—the furniture which Jim had bought when he was
expecting Annie.
Jim was walking around with his hands in his
pockets, looking unconcerned, and, as the furniture
began to go off, he came and sat down in the midst
of it. Everyone noted his indifference." Some of them
said that after all he couldn't1 have been very
ambitious. He didn't seem to take his failure much
to heart. Everyone was concentrating attention :dff;
the cooking-stove, when Jim leaned forward quickly
over a little wicker workstand.
There was a bit of unfinished sewing there, and it
fell out as he lifted the cover. It was a baby's linen
shirt. Jim let it lie, and then lifted from its receptacle
a silver thimble.    He put it Into his vest-pocket.
The campaign came on shortly after this, and Jim
Lancy was defeated. " I'm going to Omaha," said he
to the stationmaster, "and I've just enough to buy a January 9th, ISM
THE   PROVINCE
31
ticket with.   There's a kind of satisfaction in giving
the last cent I have to the railroads."
Two months later, a " plain drunk " was registered
at the station in Nebraska's metropolis. When they
searched him they found nothing in his pockets but a
silver thimble, and Joe Benson, the policeman who
had brought in the " drunk," gave it to the matron
with his compliments. But she, when no one noticed,
. went softly to where the man was sleeping, and
slipped it back into his pqcket, with a sigh. For she
knew somehow—as women do know things—that he
had not stolen that thimble.—From " A Mountain
Woman" and other stories, by Elia W. Peattie.
CORRESPONDENCE.
We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions which
may be expressed in this column. ~No notice will be taken
of communications unless accompanied by the full name and
address of the writer, and no letters will be published in the
current issue which are received after Wednesday. Brevity
is essential to insure publication.
FARM LANDS.
TO THE EDITOR:—I confirm "Hayseed's" words in
reference to the late imposition laid upon our farmers.
" Hayseed " is not wrong in his assertion when he states that
farmers' taxes have been more than doubled during the last
four years. If you require proof I can show you receipts for
taxes for that period. In fact it has been, a game of poker,
going three or four blind. Farmers, miners, etc., must know
how they are treated by the Turner Government. The recent
raise of taxation has caused great indignation in this district.
Can it be possible that the Turner Government are hard up
for a-few dollars 1 Have they no pther resources to fall back
upon ? Let them look around; they may find some other
corner to operate upon. Yes, Mr. Turner, the work to be
done by you is business in the strictest sense of the term taxation. No doubt you are' on the right track to be relieved
from duty soon. Has land doubled in value, Mr. Turner ?
No, it has gone down to bed-rock. If this state of affairs is
allowed to continue year after year, what will be the result ?
Just this, farmers will not be able to pay their taxes without
applying to the money-lender for this purpose; or, the Government will sell part of their land for taxes. What would
be the use of a man, under the present state of things, slaving
for years to ■ make a home for his wife and family, knowing
that just as soon as he clears one acre, up go the taxes, or
long before he can take a cent for his labours ? Is this the
■way the Turner Government wish to encourage settlers to
come, or settle on land? Can anyone wonder why so many
leave this country, or why we are so thinly populated ? What
is wanted is less taxation and more work for our money. The
taxation for 1896 will be quite a thing to hand down to pos-•
terity. Act. 1. Taxation on mine produce. Act. 2. Hard
working civil servants reduced. Act 3. Sell our school lands.
Act. 4. Taxes on all mines (.no'coal). Act. 5. More taxes
on our farmers. What are.the Turner Government going to
do with this extra taxation? Are they about to start some
gigantic works, or are they about to build the British Pacific
Railway? They will not require all these extra taxes for the
election in 1898.
It will not do this time', Mr. Turner, as our next platform
must be less taxation- and more work for our money. This
platform in itself will require all your business and ability to
meet, so you may at the next election be requested to stay at
home. What we require is reform of taxation which will
enable a man to know to what extent he be imposed upon.
Under the present Act 4-5 of 1 per cent. We don't want any
more three or four blind in this business. Of course we can appeal against this extra taxation; to hear, after traveling forty
miles, the same old thing over again, " We cannot see where
you are over-taxed," etc., etc. There is but one way to appeal
against this imposition. Let all farmers and miners stand
together and appeal to the House for justice. Mr. Turner,
when you commenced this little game of poker you should
have thought of our two honourable members whom we sent
to you by acclamation ; how are they to meet this indignation, or ask to be returned again? Don't you think that you
have placed them in an awkward position, such as they will
find it hard to get over, when we have the honour to meet
them again? Adieu for this time, Mr. Turner. Your extra
taxation has brought farmers to their feet- What will you
tell those gentlemen whom you soon will have to meet?
Metchosin, B.C. WAKE UP JOHNNIE.
given to the public, as anyone accepting them as facts, and
coming out here on the strength of them, could not fail to meet
with disappointment. VERITAS.
Vancouver, B. C.
London. Friday Forenoon.
British Colombia is a country with sfuture, and its future is very largely in the hands of a few enterprising and sagacious Scotsmen. One of
these is Mr. John M. MacKinnon, an Inverness " laddie," who went out
to Vancouver' eleven years ago to embark In the lumber trade, and is now
managing director of the Golden Cache Mines, LiUooet District, B. C.
Mr. MacKinnon is at present in London on business, and is showing at
the office of the Canadian Pacific Railway some remarkable specimens of
the gold ore from the happily named Golden Cache Mines. The workings
of the mines, so far as they have been exposed 'are 400 feet long with an
average width of 15 feet, and the tunneUings have been made in three or
four places to a depth of from 56 to 75 feet, showing a body of ore of between 25,000 and 40 000 tons, which is described by experts as " enormous."
Mr. MacKinnon confirms the view of all who know the country that it is
on the eve of great developments, as far as mining is concerned, and it is
no exaggeration to say that British Columbia is expected to develop into
one of the most prosperous mining countries in the world. The average
of the Cache mine is 2,000 ounces of gold to the ton, and Mr. MacKinnon
'tells me that the McArthur-Forrest firm has some samples of it at their
place in Hope Street.
Like everyone who has been there, Mr. MacKinnon is enthusiastic in
his praises of the country, its climate, its resources, and its natural beauty.
Being a patriotic Scot, he delights in tracing resemblances between'his
native land and the country of his adoption. Victoria, he informs.me, is
wonderfully like Edinburgh, and to give Edinburgh its due, it takes some
beating from the picturesque point of view. It is the seat of Government
in British Columbia, and if as a city it bears some resemblance to Edinburgh, its new. Parliament Buildings are startlingly similar in appearance
to Glasgow's municipal buildings in George Square. It has now a population estimated to be over 20.000, and its limits have been extended until its area covers many miles, and its appearance, as you "approach it
from the water, is that of alargeand well-built city. Bnt the chief beauty
of the place is the wealth of foliage that everywhere meets the eye. The
streets are lined with trees on each side ; the residences are surrounded
by well-kept lawns and rare shrubbery, and thus it is that Victoria has
been aptly named "the city of flowers." Wages are good, twelve to
twenty shillings a day being the average for working men; but, of course,
living is dearer, although not so high in comparison to pay.
CRIME IN VANCOUVER.
Tc
OVERDONE.
rr\0 THE EDITOR:—The accompanying cutting is from the
JL Glasgow " Evening News " of the 12th ulto.,- and the information contained therein may be of interest to your readers.
However desirable it may be that British Columbia should
be well advertised in the "Old Country," it seems hardly
"thething" that such freaks of the imagination should be
and weeks into months since the burglarious crusade
commenced in Vancouver, to which have been appended
highway robberies of the most impudent and audacious
character, committed on some of the important streets
of the city and with almost nightly frequency—the quiescence of the police amounts to supineness if not worse
for which we have to thank the Police Committee whose
incompetency is so conspicuous as to become criminal
negligence and should meet with the severest condemnation
at the forthcoming municipal elections. To make any valid
excuse for such callous indifference to the safeguarding of the
lives and property of the citizens by whom they were elected
and whose pay they are always diligent in receiving—is impossible. In England where I have had many long years
practical experience of local self government matters a searching inquiry of a most exhaustive nature would long ere this
have been instituted by the ratepayers—providing it were
possible to imagine that such a reign of free and undetected
crime could exist there much less continue with impunity in
a town with so small a population as that of Vancouver—the
proverb says, " such wood such chips," therefore if the electors have the unwisdom to appoint men to manage their civic
affairs, who neither by birth, education nor practical experience are fitted for such positions they must put up with the
consequences.
The time has now arrived when every honest intelligent
man will ask himself if Vancouver is a safe place to live in
under the existing conditions ?
By the law we are prohibited from carrying concealed
weapons," which means that the law will protect life and property, but when it fails to do so and allows crime to run riot
without let or hindrance and appropriate the belongings of
peaceful citizens at its own sweet will it is time to interrogate
the so-called powers of authority as to their liability to reimburse those whom they have permitted to be plundered in
violation of their contract of protection.
When any government, be it civic or political, becomes so
effete as to allow the common laws of the constitution to fall
into desuetude and be treated with contempt by evil doers to
the danger of the lives and property of the body politic, it is
no longer the de facto government and should be removed, as
an excrescence or a parasite which is detrimental to the parent
stem on which it feeds, and will if allowed to continue, ultimately destroy.
The coming year will be one that should be fraught with
important results for Vancouver, in fact may make or mar her
future career, therefore the people would be worse than foolish
to entrust the destinies of ttfte citysfcrifinch a combination of
incompetency as the existent Council, iaB presented during
the whole term of its mischievous life. Th§ smelter question
and proposed by-law to bonus the same are important matters
which only honest civic authorities should be allowed to deal
with. There is already a very ugly rumour afloat, which
is gaining much credence, in regard to the proposed smelter
scheme, and if its details can be substantiated with the necessary corroborative evidence there will doubtless be a commotion of no little magnitude. Those members of the moribund
Council who have the temerity to offer.themselves for re-election will probably be put through their facings somewhat
rigorously preparatory to being given their congi.
If only one member of the Police Committee be re-elected to 32
THE   PROVINCE.
January 9th, 1897.
sit in the*next Council then the city ought to be disfranchised
for a year to enable it to recover its sanity. A " de lunatico
inquirendum" should at least be instituted by the government
in case of such an untoward event.
The qualification clause referring to the Mayor and Aldermen should either be enforced or abolished, and possibly the
latter would be the wiser course to pursue, but in that event
it must be coupled with the abolition of salaries. The evasion
of the present law by the borrowing of a qualification is reprehensible in the extreme and should be mercilessly terminated,"
otherwise it will end in the city being farmed for the benefit
of pecculent cliques and the Council composed of their nominees, whose tools they must necessarily be. The toleration of
such an iniquitous proceeding is disgraceful in the extreme,
and its perpetration has done much towards bringing those
positions—which should be marks of the greatest honour that
the citizens could confer—into contempt. These ephemeral
qualifications melt into thin air immediately the purposes are
served for which they were created,.and thus the law in that
regard is rendered abortive and the object for which it was
designed perverted.
Of the candidates in the field for the office of Mayor it looks
like a foregone conclusion that Mr. Templeton will be elected
by an overwhelming majority as the representative of the
" Civic Reform " party. His opponent, Wr. Banfield, is now
in the Council and a member of the Police Committee, therefore he represents the existing order of things which it is fervently to be hoped he will not be permitted to have a chance
of attempting to perpetuate.
Vancouver, B. C. NEMESIS.
THE ETHICS FOR THE HOUR.
•' Thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven."   (Jesus Christ.)
| The worst enemy of the better is the good."   (William Dewitt Hyde.)
" Progress is the consciousness of progress."   (Joseph Mazzini.)
" Life is a duty; do good without thinking of the consequences to yourself."   (Joseph Mazzini.)
TO THE EDITOR:—The question of the hour in British
Columbia is: Shall the chains of absolutism be broken
here and now?' The doctrine of the divine right of kings to
rule the people is not dead, but has simply been transferred
to the divine right of property to govern the social well-being
of the people for its own gain. The people of this province
may not be able to define what they know, but they know
that they-are serving and toiling with hands and brains for
masters who are absolutely irresponsible for their welfare, and
absolutely authoritative in the government of economic production and distribution, of employment and unemployment.
The extremity o'f the people has always been the birth
travail of a diviner economy, a greater order. John Knox's
reformation swept through Scotch cottages; Cromwell's victorious Puritans were impolite, strong-hearted, plain men,
who believed in the Bible, and feared nothing but to disobey
God; men who never suspected the defeat of right as possible.
Every great revolution or reform has its rise in. the strength
of the people whose welfare has been subordinated to that of
the rich and ruling classes. I say this popular discontent of
the people is the greatest "strike" yet to be made by the
miner in the fields of progress, and earth's greatest treasure is
to be taken from the mine of the deprived multitudes.
The struggle in this province is the old struggle of democracy
against absolutism; of the people against irresponsible masters; of freedom against the institutional dominion that
would subject the living present to the dead past. It is not a
problem of wealth and wages merely, but of the right to work;
the right to do one's duty; theright to live as becomes a man;
the right to be free. People will starve and die, they will live
in dug-outs and cabins and miners' huts, but they will be free.
With the new development and unspeakable possibilities of
this province comes the old passion for freedom vaster and
regenerated. Freedom from the Indian potlatch policy of
political nonentities; freedom from the land pirates who have
stolen the precious acreage of this province fr.om the people,
and are making its citizens "walk the plank" to be lost in
the black billows of the submerged poor; freedom from the
dogma of priest and theologian, of industrial master and party
manager, " that the people cannot be trusted," which dogma
is an outrage on humanity and a denial of God.
f± civilization based on self-interest, and securing itself
through competition, has no power within itself to secure
justice. It has a basis more dangerous than dynamite. It is
founded on a lie. It is the saviour which must first be saved.
It thrives on destruction. It leads by a straight course to
barbarism. Civilization is an effect, not a cause; its roots are
in the people, and its forces originate in character. Hegel
says: " The state is the realization of the moral idea of the
people." When our idea of our country is honest, thiB
province will be a colossal statue of an honest man.
What seems to be the creed of our politicians? Self-interest
is their law of human activity. And what the last conclusion
of British Columbia's monopolists? " This yearning after
justice and equality is but the offspring of envy and covetous-
ness."
These are statements which would have caused the pro-
claimer to be mobbed in the streets of Athens in the days of
Pericles, a creed which would have astonished Moses and
have seemed ancient and barbarous to Abraham.
How long shall this giving away of our birthright go on?
How strong shall these fetters be forged while we sit and look
on? Why cry Peace! peace 1 There is no peace until men
are free. It is the principle upon which Cain sle w his brother.
It is the principle upon which crime is committed.
This is the nick of time for us. Let us put men in our Local
Legislature who will become a sacrifice for the interests of the
people. In the name of great humanity let us stop this
giving away of the people's land to either corporations or
individuals for speculation. It is the people's, and they must
have it.
I appeal to men of heart and education and brain to come
out and lead us to a political victory in this province which
shall mean that the people sire being represented in our
Legislature. I appeal to an outraged people to claim the land
which is theirs by right as God's gift. Let our acres be the
last thing given to corporation- or syndicate.
We in this province must soon decide the question whether
absolutism or democracy shall govern it. And well may the
heavens await our decision in silence and awful wonder, for
we are deciding the destiny of British Columbia.
Victoria, B.C." ETHICS.
'• THAT SNOW DRIFT AT GOLDEN.
rpo THE EDITOR :—I have been instructed by the Golden
JL Town Committee to advise you as to the inaccuracy of an
item which appears in your issue' of December 26th, with
reference to work done on the waggon road south from Golden,
and to give you the facts of the case ; also to enclose a copy of
a resolution passed by the committee at a meeting held to-day:
At a meeting of the Golden Town Committee, held on Monday, December
28th, the following members being present: F. P. Armstrong, w. McNeishj
C. A. Warren, M. Dainard, C. W. Miller, and the Secretary, it was unanimously resolved : " That the Secretary be instructed to write the Editor
of The Province newspaper, directing his attention to the inaccuracies
contained in a p'aragraph under the heading of " Men and Things," in
his issue of December 26bh, and to request that the same publicity be
given to the refutation as was given to the charges referred to.
About the middle of November last we had an unprecedented
fall of snow amounting to about four feet. The roads were
completely blocked and no teams arrived in Golden for a week.
Several teams were known to be on the road and the committee waited on the Government Agent and asked him to
send out his team and two or three men to break the road and
shovel out the drifts. After pointing out to him how important it was to our interests that communication should be kept
open he agreed to act on the suggestion of the committee, but
at the same time impressed upon them that it was not to be
looked on as a precedent and that he had no intention of breaking the road after every snowstorm.
Your informant is astray in all his facts. The time taken
on the trip was (9) nine days and the cost was:
Foreman, nine days,  @ $3.00 per  day  $27 00
One labourer, nine days, @ $2.50 per day  22 50
"       "        1)4. hours, @ 30 cents per hour        37
Horse feed :.     5 75
$55.62
There were no other expenses.
Instead of there having been but thirty minutes' work the
work was continuous, extending a distance of 126 miles and
the sleigh sent out was. specially adapted to the breaking of
the road.
As a proof that the work was very necessary and that the
expenditure was justified, I would further state that the stage,
a light sleigh and four horses, were able to make but six
miles in one day, and that with the help of the passengers.
The temperature at the time was from twenty to forty degrees
below zero. One team was held up at a stopping place, twenty-four miles from Golden, for eight days, and unless this
work had been undertaken by the Government it would probably have been another week or more before private parties
could have undertaken to open the road.
The Committee are prepared to take all the responsibility of
advising the Government Agent to act as he did.
Yours truly,
DAVID M. RAE,
Golden, B.C. Sec'y Golden Town Committee.
TOUGH CHARACTERS.
r|X) THE EDITOR:—1 have been sorry to see in the reports
J- of some of the police courts of the cities lately the way
the tough characters have been dealt with,i.«., given so many
hours to leave the city limits, or released on their own recognizance to come up for sentence in so many days, etc. the
Bench knowing full well they would not do so, and they
would go off to some rural defenceless settlements to carry on
their nefarious doings to be the terror of women and children.
Would that there were more "Judge Boles " stating for the
future he was determined that any more cases of that kind
that came before him he would do as he had done in the cases
then before him, given them a good wholesome lesson and*
send them where the dogs could not bite them, for a while at
least, and if they could not find work elsewhere he would find
it for them, with H. M.'s bracelets on their legs.
Ladners, B.C. A RESIDENT OF THE COUNTRY. THE PROVINCE
"A Province I will give thee."—Asm. & Cleo.
Vol. IV. No. 5.        VICTORIA, B.C., SATURDAY,   JAN. 30, 1897. Price 5 Cents
All communications to The Province should be sent to The
Managing Editor, Province Building, Victoria.
Under no circumstances will unsolicited contributions be
returned. No. notice will be taken of communications unless
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letters will be published in the current issue which are received
after Wednesday.   Brevity is essential to secure publication.
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"Free  Trade and Direct Taxation."
MEN AND THINGS.
CONGRATULATIONS to the Mayor and Council of
^ Victoria, who got througivtheir week's business on
Monday night in little over an hour. More work and
less talk is evidently their motto. Long may they
abide by it.
"We are glad to note that the Victoria School
Trustees have revised the salary list, and though they
have not entirely reverted to the old scale, have yet
succeeded in giving satisfaction to the teachers. They
could scarcely have begun their year of office better.
Apropos the employment of Chinese underground in
defiance of law, the Pathfinder suggests that the Legislature next session should put in any spare time it
may have by debating the question : " Is British
Columbia a chattel of the Dunsmuirs, or are they
citizens who must obey the law ? This would probably
lead to a highly interesting and instructive discussion,
but as the House is at present constituted we fear it
would be barren of result.
The Rosslander says :
Various parties are applying at the approaching session of
the Legislature for practically all the water rights between
Fort Steele and the Fraser River in the southern part of B.C.
It publishes an interesting list of projected schemes,
eleven in number, culled from the British Columbia
Gazette, whose object is to corral all the water within
the limits specified above. Fort Steele, as its name
implies, is probably as good a starting point for a
quest of this questionable nature as could be selected.
What a fortune there is awaiting the man who can
secure a patent for a cinch on the atmosphere and
charge for the use of it at so much a whiff ! Five
cents for a breath of air ! Why not ? There's heaps
of money in it. :'^£
The same paper in an editorial states that the sale
of the War Eagle is open to grave doubt from a legal
point of view, Sasing this statement on what it calls
Kamloops Mining District.—For full and reliable information concerning this important district read the Inland
Sentinel, published at Kamloops, B.C., weekly. Subscription
$2 per annum in advance.
" the discovery of a very important statutory provision," that is to say, the " Companies' Act Amendment Act of 1893," regulating the disposal of the assets
of corporations registered under the Companies Act
of 1890. The Miner says the War Eagle people have
not complied with this Act. Of this we know nothing,
but we are informed that it is a poor compliment to
the Rossland mining and legal men to treat the well-
known statute as a " discovery."
Some few of the up-country papers rather advocate
the appointment of a resident Supreme Court Judge for
Kootenay. We think that with the appointment of
Judge Forin all ground for complaint of an inefficient
administration of justice has been removed. The
judge in question has entered upon his duties promptly and well, and as he has been appointed local judge
of the Supreme Court, this, combined with the regular
monthly sittings of the visiting Supreme Court judge,
will place Kootenay in a much more favoured position
as regards judicial service than many of our older and
more populous portions of the Dominion. A hardworking and capable judge can accomplish a great
deal, and Mr. Forin possesses both these excellent
qualities.
It is discouraging to read about the low prices paid
for seal skins at the recent fur sales in London. As
things are now there seems to be no doubt that the
more skins the sealers take the bigger their loss,
for the price they have to pay hunters at present rates,
coupled with other expenses, actually cause a shortage
on every skin. The part of it that seems inexplicable
to the general public is that there does not seem to be
any fall in the price of seal skin garments.
Mr. J. W. Laing, of Victoria, recently gave a
lecture before the Geographical Society of the
Pacific, at San Francisco, on the " Beauties and
Resources of Unknown Vancouver Island." San
Francisco papers speak in the highest terms of this
lecture, which was profusely illustrated by 100 views
taken during the exploring trip of the island, in July
and August last, and was attended by 700 people. An
interesting feature was the presence of Mr. John Buttles,
who, thirty-six years ago, gave his name to Buttles'
Lake, in the interior of the island ; an account of this
appears in another column.
As the distinguished honour of leading the attack
on the Imperial Government in regard to the present
very great over-taxation of Ireland (some two-and-a-
half millions sterling per annum) has fallen to the
Hon. Edward Blake, the result of the protest of all
classes in Ireland against the existing state of affairs
will be watched with exceptional interest all over the
Dominion. Canada has great reason to be proud of
so gifted a son : but the other day chosen by New
Zealand as arbitrator in a great question, and to-day
as leader in the House of Commons, voicing the
demands of the people of Ireland, united for the first
time in generations on one great question.
WANTED—Copies of The Province for January 9 (No. 2,
Vol. rV.). Any person having a spare copy of this issue wili
confer a favour by sending same to this office.
Boult's   for Tobacco, Cigars,  Cigarettes and
Light House, 142 Cordova Street, Vancouver.
Pipes.
The
4-17 66
THE   PROVINCE,
January 30th, 1897.
The " kict " coming from the upper country on the
subject of postal ♦conveniences, which, under the late
administration was " painful and frequent and free,"
is now far less rarely raised. Thanks to the vigorous
representations made by Mr. Hewitt Bostock, M. P.,
for Yale-Cariboo mail facilities have been largely
increased, and although, owing to the sparsely populated nature of the district, the difficulties to be overcome in the way of prompt and effective service are
naturally great, it is still satisfactory to note that
improvements have been effected under Liberal rule.
It only shows what can be done when you try, and
the difference as regards results between a man who
votes for the public good and a man who does not.
Canada lost $700,000 over her post office last year
which means (taking the population at five million)
that each inhabitant contributed fourteen cents over
and above the amount he expended for stamps on letters, etc., for the advantage of existing postal facilities
in the Dominion. This is not an excessive charge, all
conditions considered. Whether the deficit could be
reduced by lowering the postal rates is an open
question. Mr. Tarte, in Victoria, stated plainly that
reduction in view of the annual loss now incurred was
impossible. Against this must be urged the fact that
elsewhere a decrease in postal rates has invariably
induced an enormous increase in postal business with
the effect of turning deficits into surpluses. But this
we admit has been the case in countries of dense, not
sparse, population.
Numbers would help us materially in this as
in other directions. We want more inhabitants
all over the rural districts of the Dominion, and
specially in British Columbia. Heaven knows there
is room enough and to spare. Hence the necessity of
a vigorous immigration policy on the part of the Government ; hence also the necessity of such useful adjuncts to the main scheme as that represented by the
W.C.I.A., of whose movements, by the way, we have
not heard lately half so much as we should have liked
to. Sir Donald Smith, High Commissioner in London,
has a letter in the last number of Colonies and India
on the subject of " Emigration to Canada," which adduces evidence that certain action has been made by
the Government in the matter of appointing agents in
the United Kingdom in various centres, i. e. Liverpool,
Bristol, Birmingham, Dundee and Inverness, " who
are prepared to correspond with, or to see, intending
emigrants, to give them every possible advice and supply them gratis with illustrated pamphlets, maps and
other information bearing upon the subject." This is
all very well in its way, and it is, of course, evidently
desirable that authentic information about the country should be disseminated as widely as possibly, but
as a condition precedent to the inducement of emigration it might be just as well to so arrange matters as
to preclude the possibility of the last state of the emigrant-being worse than the first. It is not much use
bringing people out to this country if the only prospect we have to offer them is settlement on the border
land of starvation.
The crusade against women wearing hats in theatres
is spreading and has reached Chioago, and now any
woman who persists in wearing her hat in places of
entertainment is liable to a fine of three dollars. This
is a good thing, the rudeness and selfishness of those
women who buy one seat and prevent a dozen other
people from seeing the performance have frequently
been remarked upon in these columns. It has also
been noted that as a general rule those women who
call attention themselves in this manner can least afford to do so.
President Greenway some little time ago came out
flat-footed, according to tb,e Winnipeg press, in favour
SINCLAIR HAROUS, fruits, candies, tobacco and cigars.
Corner Carrall and Hastings Streets, Vancouver, B.C.
of free lands for the settler, and advocated a policy of
repurchase of the railway grants. At the coming
session of the Manitoba Legislature he will doubtless
propound his views, and tell us in what manner he
proposes to put them into execution. Nothing prob-
ably would suit the»ffolders of unused lands, be they
corporate or individual, than to convert them into
coin of the realm at the public expense ; but it does
not follow that the price at which they would be willing to sell would necessarily correspond with the figure
at which the Government, on behalf of the people,
would be willing to buy, and arrive at a " fair " value
by arbitration of lands so situated would be by no
means an easy matter. The method lying most
readily to the hand of the Legislature of disposing, as
it seems to us, of the question is taxation. If all land
held for speculative purposes were taxed heavily
enough, speculators would very soon get tired of holding it, and it would revert by the mere efflux of time
to the Government, who could then apply it to the
furtherance of legitimate settlement.
The recent reduction by the C.P.R. in freight rates
on ore to the Nelson smelter from all points on the
Nakusp and Slocan road has given great satisfaction
in the upper country. Well it may; it is a distinctly
an indication in the right direction and favours home
1 industry to the tune of nearly fifty per cent., the rate
charged to the smelters at Tacoma and Everett being
exactly double. But what is the use of benefitting
mining at the expense of agriculture. Yet that apparently is what happens, for we read in the Inland Sentinel of an increase in freight charges on hay.
The telephone system hitherto used in Victoria has
recently been introduced by the New Westminster &
Burrard Inlet Telephone Company into their Vancouver service, and is a vast improvement upon the
old one, causing less confusion to subscribers, and
saving operators from unnecessary mental strain by
reducing the number of " rings."
The benefits of this new system are manifold, for
besides obviating unnecessary ringing it enables the
subscriber to get " Central" again immediately on
" ringing off," is far less complicated for the operator,
and so far has given satisfaction to all parties.
In his opening speech at the third annual meeting
of the Vancouver Art, Historical and Scientific Association, the President, Rev. L. N. Tucker, recorded in a
most satisfactory manner the progress made by the
society during the past three years. Shortly after the
initial publication of this journal we chronicled the
formation of this association upon commendable lines,
wishing it every success, which hope has been amply
realized, for the institution now stands on a firm
financial basis, has a large representative membership,
and, better still, an increasing band of active workers,
who take heartwhole interest in the development of
the main objects for which they meet, namely, the
advancement of scientific research and knowledge.
The lectures given during 1896 in the Granville Street
rooms were for the most part well attended. The debt
resting upon the association at the beginning of last
year is entirely wiped out, and we may now anticipate
that the critical period of its existence having been
successfully bridged over, Vancouver's A. H- and S.
Society will henceforward occupy an important position amongst the public institutions of the city. One
point referred to by the president last week demands
special attention, namely the fact that as the aboriginal life of the province is fast dying out, it is
eminently desirable a collection of native articles
should at once be made for the museum of the association, as in a very few years such ourios will become
exceedingly rare and difficult to procure.
Chas. Taggart, Manufacturer of Pure Confectionery, Cakes,
Pastry, etc. Mail orders a specialty. 608 Granville St., Vancouver, B.C. 4-30 January 30th) 1897.
THE  PROVINCE
67
An incident of peculiar interest to Vancouverites
occurred last Thursday when the documents providing for amalgamation of the Vancouver-Victoria
Eastern Railway Company and the Fraser Valley &
Kootenay Company (formerly the B.T. & F.V.R. Co.)
were signed by the two parties intimately concerned.
A most fortunate and wise union this, obviating
rivalry between promoters, and conducive to the focussing of public support upon one particular scheme.
In view of the much desired affiliation of the Vancouver High School with McGill University, the
letters patent issued last week by the Lieutenant-
Governor of British Columbia grafting a- charter of
incorporation to the Vancouver Board of School
Trustees were received with approval. This question
of affiliating with the Montreal University is a most
important one in the educational world, therefore we
are doubly glad to note the election of Dr. McGuigan
to the local School Board, he being an ardent enthusiast upon the subject, and having committed himself
to work for the successful accomplishment of the
scheme. The new Board who entered upon their
duties on the 20th inst. have serious work before them
during the next twelve months, and those who served
the city last year in the same capacity are well aware
how pressing is the need for extended school accommodation. The annual increase of pupils during the
past ten years has averaged over 220; so, according to
the lowest estimate, there will be approximately 2,750
scholars in the Terminal schools at the end of 1897,
whilst putting the calculation on a very moderate
basis the buildings only afford proper accommodation
for some sixteen hundred. The question naturally
arises, what is to be done with the other eleven hundred ? Very serious overcrowding exists at present in
the buildings, a portion of the surplus scholars being
drafted off into the old school-houses now called
" branches," which are totally unfit for use according
to modern theories of heating, ventilation and convenience, and anyone taking the trouble to study the
problem must perforce concur with the request of the
Board for an appropriation for building purposes.
Additional wings to each of the regular school buildings are badly needed, and will, we trust, shortly be
erected.
This topic leads us on to refer again to the matter
of the Curfew Law so strenuously advocated by all
philanthropists who made child-crime and child-
morality a study. Legislation against children
loafing about the streets at night will tend to stop an
evil that has assumed startling proportions in Vancouver of late, namely, stealing. We have frequently
heard this crime referred to as " sneaking," " cribbing,"
etc., but cannot blind our eyes to the fact that it
is neither more nor less than common thieving, and
is believed to be almost as prevalent amongst the
children of well-known residents as amongst those of
less prominence. That reckless parents may allow
their little ones to run wild in the streets at all hours,
associating with most undesirable companions, and
learning every evil habit and form of depravity, is
most reprehensible and unless these growing phases of
crime and vice are summarily stopped, in our cities,
we shall ere long witness the sad spectacle of young
boys and girls in the police court dock " had up " on
charges that would disgrace a hardened offender.
Provincial Constable Lister got a severe ducking off
Brockton Point last week, and, worse still, failed to
catch the smuggler he was in pursuit of ; nevertheless,
the plucky attempt made by Mr. Lister to secure both
man and freight deserves favourable comment. We
wish him a speedy recovery from his injuries, and
better luck pext time.
The curious adventures of Richard Vincent, a
sixteen-year-old boy who has travelled all over the
globe, and during the last three years visited nearly
every city of importance in the civilized world, would
fill a volume. This original youth passed through
Vancouver last week, and expressed the intention of
continuing his nomadic life for some time to come,
the most remarkable feature connected with which is
that he started off from New York in 1893 without a
cent in his pocket, nor has he ever had any cash in his
possession from that day to this ; by pure and simple
gall this peculiar boy has obtained the best transport
and lodging procurable, and associated everywhere
with persons both of high standing and professional
renown.
Disgusting details of diseases and their marvellous
cures by means of patent medicines, such as we see
daily disfiguring the newspaper columns, are bad
enough, but how infinitely worse the revolting pictures
that sometimes accompany them. American publications used par excellence to be famous for such vile
prints, but assuredly Vancouver sheets are now well in
the running for first prize in the " degraded pictorial
competition." Of late, news items from foreign cities,
the only interest of which lies in their immorality,
have been published in considerable numbers, and at
greater length than formerly, in the local papers.
Will no one join in a crusade against the dissemination
of such unwholesome reading matter ?
When it is necessary to chronicle crime, by all
means do so in moderate and decent terms, but when
the only object of recording villiany is to please
vitiated tastes, there let the hand of judgment fall
heaviest, for we would fain give no quarter to the man
who, for the sake of pecuniary gain, sends broadcast,
words and pictures that might cause others to fall
from the path of right, and must inevitably fill young
minds, and impressionable older ones too, with
thoughts of sin and evil. The proverbial man who
sold his soul for a dollar, only harmed himself, but
the man who sells the columns of his paper for the
publication of loathsome paragraphs and || cuts," is
laying up a store of endless misery and crime for
future generations. " The influence of the press,"
how often we hear those words lightly spoken ; did but
a few more people realize the tremendous power
wielded by journalistic organs, there would be fewer •
abominations published.
To turn to a higher phase of composition, we are
pleased to note that the honour of Knighthood has
been conferred upon Mr. J. M. Le Moine, of Quebec,
one of Canada's prominent writers, and a man who is
associated with all that is truest and best in the literature of our Dominion. Nearer home success has
come to Mr. J. M. Black, of Vancouver, in the shape
of the publication of his prize essay on " A Method of
Book-keeping for a Country Bank Agency," in the
January number of the Canadian Banker's Association
Journal.   A well merited honour.
A RAILWAY POLICY FOR  B.C.
fTlHE public meeting held on Tuesday night at the
*- City Hall, Victoria, to consider the question of
direct railway communication between the Coast and
Kootenay, was remarkable for the emphatic unanimity
with which the audience endorsed the suggestion that
the Government should have absolute control over the
projected line. British Columbia has had to submit
to a costly tribute for the railways constructed by
private enterprise so far, and already the people are
awakening to the fact that the time is not far distant
when the Government must step in and secure not
only control, but ownership of the existing railways in
the public interest, however great the sacrifice.
The seven  Australasian   colonies   have  had  over
thirty years' experience of private and State railways,
Miners' Glasses, Watches, Spectacles, Field-Glasses Aneroids sold and repaired by TJfford the Optician. 4-17 68
THE  PROVINCE
January 30th, 1897.
and the verdict to-day is certainly in favour of the
State as the railroad proprietor. It is true that many
State-owned lines have not directly paid full interest
on the cost of construction and equipment, but they
have rendered great public services in the settlement
of the country and development of the national
resources ; so that the taxpayer has had much more
than an equivalent for the balance he has had to pay
to make up the interest charge.
There is a rapidly growing sentiment in Britain
and the United States in favour of Government
ownership. All this goes to emphasize the suggestion
of Mr. Bostock, M.P., that the Government should
formulate a systematic and efficient railway policy
for the province.
There is only one opinion about the line in question,
and that is, that if built at all, it should be built at once.
Two of the speakers warned the meeting against too
hasty action. That is exactly the warning we might
expect from Eastern Canada and the United States
side, who want the coast people to go slow while they
hurry up and secure all the plums in the cake. This
is not a case where, in the interests of the public, it is
good policy to " make haste slowly."
If the Government want to conserve the interests of
the province the first measure to be introduced and
pushed through the Legislature should be a bill to
provide for the engineering, financing and construction
of this line. Immediately, on the bill being passed,
engineering parties could be put on at different
sections and within a few weeks tenders could be
called for starting work at both ends, and the intervening sections let as the engineering work proceeded.
Care should be taken to make the sections such as
would ensure the whole length of line being completed
in the least possible time. As regards the question of
finance much stress was laid at the meeting upon the
assistance which was due from the Dominion Government to any project of this kind, and the promoter is
now on his way to Ottawa with a view of ascertaining
what support his group can count upon in that
quarter. But it is evident that the assistance of the
Dominion Government would be just as readily given
in this matter to the Provincial Government as it
would to private enterprise and the chances are that
it would be far more readily given.
Two other matters cropped up at the meeting—the
British Pacific line and the construction of roads.
While fully recognizing the importance of the former
undertaking it involves issues which will have to be
faced and the sooner the better. These are the adoption or otherwise of a provincial railway policy and
the purchase by the province of the E. & N. Railway
and of the land grants attaching thereto. In the event
1 of such a policy being undertaken by the Government
the B.P. line would be one of the principal works to
be provided for and with it must go the question of
acquiring the connecting line to Nanaimo and of
placing the contiguous lands in such a position that
they can be acquired on easy terms for settlement
where suitable for that purpose. It would be necessary to set up a Legislative committee to go fully into
this matter, take evidence and recommend to the Provincial Parliament the legislation necessary to give
effect to the project.
T
FROM OTTAWA.
HE annual report of the Minister of Finance known
as the Public Accounts has been issued, and gives
the deficit for the last fiscal year ending June 30th,
1896, as $330,551. The receipts on account of Consolidated Funds were $36,618,000 and the expenditure
$36,949,000. This is the third consecutive deficit,
the total for the three years being $5,694,000.   The
J. Creagh & Co., Eeal Estate, Financial, Insurance and
Mining Brokers. Notaries Public. Special Agents for B.C.—
North American Life. Timber Limits for sale. P.O.Box 286,
Vancouver, B.C.
receipts from taxes, customs and excise amounted to
$27,760,000, an increase over the previous year of
more than $,2,000,000. From all other sources the
receipts were $8,859,000. The expenditure included
$10,752,000 for the charges on the debt; $4,235,000
for subsidies to provinces; $9,292,000 for the collection of revenue; $2,000,000for Sinking Fund; $1,397,-
000 for Civil Government; $1,136,000 for Militia;
'$1,300,000 for Public Works; $3,665,000 for Post
Office and $3,826,000 for Railways and Canals. The
receipts of the Post Office Department fell short
of the expenditure by $700,000. The Minister who
can make both ends meet in this branch will
make a name for himself, although people do not
begrudge expenditure for post office services when the
department is honestly administered. In thinly
settled sections—and these are to be found in every
quarter of the Dominion—the receipts cannot be
expected to equal the expenditure. The expenditure
on capital account, $3,716,000, included $1,000,000 for
Militia and nearly $1,500,000 for St. Lawrence River
and Canals. Subsidies amounting to $834,000 were
paid to railways. The amount to the credit of depositors in the Savings Bank increased during the year
by $2,348,000, but of that amount $805,000 only
represented the excess of deposits over withdrawals.
However, this was an improvement, because in the
previous year the withdrawals exceeded the deposits
by $55,000. The net debt was increased during the
year by $5,422,000, and amounted at the end of the
fiscal year to $258,497,000. There was a large jump
in the amount paid on account of Superannuation,
which ran up from $265,000 in 1895 to $311,000 in 1896.
There were no fewer than 111 persons superannuated
during the year, because, no doubt, of the elections
which had been impending from the beginning of
1895. The receipts from Dominion lands for the year
only amounted to $166,000, and the expenditure to
$72,000 more. The receipts from the Government
railways left a deficit of $133,000, of which $55,000
was chargeable to the Intercolonial.
Political affairs in the province of Quebec will
absorb public interest largely until the fight at the
polls, probably next May. The episcopal circular
issued by Archbishop Begin denounces the school
settlement and declares that in doing so he is following the direction of the Holy See. The bishops are
said to be contemplating the issue of a collective
mandament against this settlement, and prohibiting
the faithful from voting for any candidate who
approves of it, but there seems to be some hitch in
regard to this fulmination, and it may be that the
Quebec bishops will be better advised before they do
that which will certainly invite a rebellion within the
Church, because the Liberals of the province of Quebec
have not assisted to put Mr. Laurier in power in order
to turn him out at the behest of the Tories working
through their willing dupes the Quebec bishops. But
this is not the only phase of the situation there. The
Castor faction, of which Messrs. Angers, Taillon, Ross,
Pelletier and Chapais are prominent members, want
to run the provincial elections on the strength of the
mandament placing L'Electeur under the ban on the
ground of the school settlement. The more progressive wing of the party is opposed to this,- believing
that it will bring upon their heads even a greater
disaster than that which befell on June 23rd. The
latter wing is represented by La Presse of Montreal,
which has opposed the proposition of the Castors, and
now it is stated by the latter that these articles were
written by Mr. Joncas, ex-M.P., and Mr. Dansereau,
postmaster of Montreal, and inspired by Lieutenant-
Governor Chapleau. It is well known that Mr.
Dansereau is Mr. Chapleau's right hand man when
that eminent French-Canadian leader is in politics,
and you can't put an eminent French-Canadian
leader out of politics by appointing him a representative of the Crown in Spencerwood.        RIDEAU. January 30th, 1897.
THE  PROVINCE.
69
THE PROVINCE.
"A Province I will give thee."—AnT. & ClEO.
VICTORIA, B.C., SATURDAY, JAN. 30, 1897.
'Free  Trade and Direct Taxation."
PROVINCIAL POLITICS.
T1HE Premier, at Tuesday night's public meeting in
Victoria, found himself in the unenviable position
of being " between the devil and the deep sea." Confronted on the one hand by the living issue of the
railway from the coast to Kootenay, and on the other
by that veritable Banquo's ghost in the shape of the
British Pacific (specially introduced for the occasion
by Mr. R. P. Rithet), he knew not how to choose
between the quick and the dead.
It appears to us to be abundantly evident that in
some quiet nook, unseen of public eye, Mb. Rithet, in
playful emulation of Vancouver's recent marauders,
has accosted the Hon. Me. Turner with the alternative 1 the B.P. or your (political) life." The defection
of the Rithet faction in the House at this particular
juncture is certainly not a contingency to be viewed
with any special degree of satisfaction from a Governmental point of view, and we can consequently fully
realize the dilemma in which the Premier was placed
on Tuesday.
To divert public attention from the Provincial to
the Dominion treasury, and create an impression that
the assistance to be rendered to projected railways in
this country by the respective Governments should, in
fairness, be proportionate to their relative receipts
from British Columbians, was perhaps as forcible a
declaration as we were justified in expecting from the
leader of the present lamentably weak administration.
Disclosure of the Provincial Government's railway
policy reveals the interesting fact that they haven't
one. This does not surprise us. Fear of Mr. Rithet
prevents them from giving whole hearted support to the
Kootenay -scheme; fear of the electorate generally
prevents them from giving whole hearted support to the
British Pacific. Between these two stools, not to
mention half-a-dozen others, they will inevitably come
to the ground.
If there be one thing more than another, which
js essential to the stability of any Government in
British Columbia to-day, it is a sound progressive
railway policy. Bold strong action based on the
old adage, " if you want a thing done, do it yourself "
would be far more in accord with popular ideas just
now than plaintive appeals to third parties for
| assistance," which would consume months of
precious time in the getting and then prove totally
inadequate. The people will not stand being dallied
with. They believe, and rightly believe, in concentrated effort, and intend to develop to the full such
resources as have already been opened up.
We do not decry the region to the north of us ; far
Best Household Wellington Coal at market prices.—Munn,
Holland & Co., Broad Street (opposite Driard).
from it. There are very probably riches there beyond
anything which has as yet been discovered in the
southern portion of this wonderful province, but there
can be no question that it is wiser and better to make
the most of what lies near at hand than to go further
afield in search of woods and pastures new, at the cost
moreover of infinitely greater expenditure.
In no direction can the credit of the province be
more safely pledged than in that of a railway from
the coast to Kootenay, which in all probability would
pay, or very nearly pay, from the start. Is there anyone who would undertake to hazard the same prediction as regards the British Pacific ?
Nothing would astonish us less than to hear that the
Dominion Government had determined to build the
Crow's Nest Pass line themselves. We consider such a
measure more than probable. But whatever the course
they may adopt, the fact remains that the construction
of the coast railway should be undertaken as a provincial enterprise and run in the interests of the people.
Mr. Shaw demonstrated the feasibility of the route,
a matter which has long been questioned. He said
the grades would not exceed 2| per cent., and that no
tunnelling would be required.   So much the better.
THE REVISION OF THE STATUTES.
XjIOR some months past it has been expected that the
Provincial Government would have carried out the
promise made in the Legislature last session, that two
additional Commissioners should be appointed who,
with the then sole Commissioner, the Chief Justice,
should carry on the work of revision in future. The
general understanding of the statements of the Government was that these additional Commissioners
were to be appointed almost at once, for the action of
the Legislature in refusing to carry out the suggestions
of the Chief Justice showed that the method of
revision as then carried on was not wholly acceptable
to the house. It was consequently with some surprise
that the public read the semi-official announcement
that lately appeared in the Colonist to the effect that
the Chief Justice had completed the " draft revision of
the Provincial Statutes " and had returned his commission, that a new commission had been issued to him
and Mr. Justice Walkem and Mr. Justice Drake ;
the three judges being authorized to " check, examine
and correct the draft work, and to insert additional
provisions in Acts where necessary."
The reason now given for this course is that it was
not deemed advisable to appoint these extra commissioners till the draft revision had been prepared.
There may be something to be said in support of this
view, yet it is certain that the Government conveyed
the impression, and intended to convey it, that extra
commissioners would be appointed months ago, not
simply to act as an advisory body, but as one engaged
in the actual preparation of the draft. It is only
fair to say, however, that the Government may have
been influenced in its action by the poor state of
health of the Chief Justice. What the Legislature
will wish to know is if the original estimate of
expenditure has been exceeded, and if so in what
manner? Until further information is forthcoming
we do not feel in a position to arrive at a definite
conclusion in the matter.
I
B
J THE   PROVINCE
January 30th, i*97
BATON AND BUSKIN.
"Musics of all sorts."—All's Well.
" The two hours' traffic of our Stage."—Romeo and Juliet.
INHERE are few prominent public personages at the
• present day- whose autograph is more eagerly
sought after than that of Mme. Albani, she never having
been known to refuse auy such request, no matter
from what part of the world it comes. Her usual practice is to wait until the applications have amounted to
over a hundred, and then devoting an entire evening
to the task, she sends off answers to them all.
Method and order have always characterized the
prima donna's mode of life, and there is no doubt that
the strict rules adhered to by her in respect to the care
of health and voice, have largely contributed to the
success of the cantatrice in latter years. Under no oir-
cumstances will Madame Albani sing in public more
than ten-times during the month, nor will she consent
to travel by too rapid stages, her primary object in life
being not the amassing of money, but rather the preservation of her wonderful vocal gift; yet in this connection
it is interesting to note that when the Canadian Diva
sang in 1880 in Montreal for the first time after her
return from Europe, the gross receipts of three concerts amounted to $21,500, the largest sum ever obtained by a vocalist in this country. Even Madame
Patti, whom many look upon as surpassing Madame
Albani in the musical world, did not achieve the same
financial success in Canada.
Once when Madame Albani was in Berlin the old
Kaiser Wilhelm I. presented her with a valuable gold
medal which had been struck to commemorate his
eightieth year in the army, and the ninetieth of his
age, this presentation being a special mark of his
favour towards the prima donna, who, having studied
the rdle of " Elsa" in Lohengrin (Wagner) in the
original to great advantage, was universally declared
the best expositor of the part on the Berlin operatic
stage. In honour of this successful interpretation of
an exacting and essentially German rdle, the Kaiser
also appointed Madame Albani " court singer." Nor
has the Queen of England been behindhand in recognizing the talent of the Canadian Diva, for not only
does Madame Albani possess numerous jewels, gifts
from Her Majesty, but she is also the only singer of
the present day to whom the " Jubilee Medal" was
presented.
After twenty years of public singing Madame Albani
still continues to' study her songs as patiently and
perseveringly as in former days, and herein she
teaches a useful lesson to rising vocalists, who too
often confident in their achievements neglect to pursue
a steady course of practice.
The following Hints to Young Singers, written by
the prima donna herself, should be of interest and
help to amateurs who are struggling up the steep and
difficult pathway of music:—
" I have often been asked," she says, "to give advice
to young artistes, and I can think of no better method
of doing so than by describing the way I have
studied myself, and as I have succeeded in making a certain reputation—though I say this with
great diffidence, for I always think that there is no
reputation so high But that it can rise higher still—
my experience may prove useful to those who are earnest in their desire to become true artistes, and who
also are not afraid of hard work—real hard work, I
mean. Doubtless, artistes must be 'born,'but they
must be ' made,' too.
"In answer to a most material question, but one
very often put to me : ' What is the best food for
a singer ? ' I reply ' the plainest.' Good, plain, but
nourishing food, for that is the best for health, and to
be well in health is to be well in voice, and good
health is absolutely necessary for good singing.   Some
few things should be entirely avoided, such as nuts,
for instance, which affect the throat as well as the
digestion. To lead a regular life is also absolutely
essential, and young—and indeed all—artistes, if they
wish to excell, must live for their art alone, and must
give up a great many pleasures ; but if this, as it
should do, enable the artiste to become great, then they
will have their reward for all sacrifices.- To be artistes
they should live as artistes, go, whenever possible, to
hear and to see fine singing and fine acting, endeavour
to see fine pictures, fine statues, read clever books and
biographies of great men and great historical char- •
acters; to live, in fact, in an atmosphere of art and
intellect, which will help them far more than at first
they may be disposed to think in their own artistic
career.
I Another very great help lies in the careful study
of each oratorio, opera, or whatever music they may
be undertaking. They should learn all the traditions
obtainable of the intention of the composer when he
wrote the work on which they may be employed.
When I was going to sing ' Mignon ' and ' Hamlet' I
went to Paris and studied both with the composer;
and for each of Wagner's operas which I have sung I
went specially to Germany to study them with the
best "Wagnerian disciple.
" I would say to a student: ' Study the notes, the
words, the intention and meaning of everything, think
these thoroughly out, gather it all up into one consecutive whole, and then add to it any genius you
may have of your own. And in doing this do not be
discouraged if you cannot immediately obtain the
desired result, but persevere in your idea.' In studying a new work I have many times failed to reach the
effect for which I was striving, but I have worked on,
and, perhaps at rehearsal or perhaps at the first performance, it has come to me quite unexpectedly and
as a great surprise, I may even say like an inspiration.
This I have looked upon as a reward for hard work,
and only those who have experienced it can know
what a reward it is.
"But all this must not also mean the shutting
yourself up in the selfish contemplation of your own
personal career alone, for you must remember that to
act well you must understand human nature well, and
to sing so as to touch others's hearts you must be in
sympathy with those hearts yourself. He or she who
can appreciate all that is best and beautiful will perhaps in that very capability find the power to become
the greater artiste, and if I may alter as I quote these
lines—
" ' They sing best who love best
All things both great and small.' "
  DURHAM.
| Humanity," as given by the Grismer-Davies company at Victoria on Monday and Tuesday nights may
be pronounced a decided success for a play of its kind
—the spectacular melo-drama. There was plainly a
general feeling among the audience that their moneys'
worth had been received, which has not been the case
with the melo-drama in Victoria for a long time past.
The scanty stage accommodation visibly cramped the
efforts of the actors and detracted very sensibly from
the effects which would have been produced undo/
favourable circumstances ; one of the hounds, for instance, was crowded on to the wrong side of the curtain. This, of course, is not the fault of the company
but of the theatre. Event follows event so quickly in
" Humanity " that one is almost dazzled by the wealth
of plot. We have the ruffianly betrayer, the wronged
damsel, the eminently respectable family, the gallant
officers, the exalted heroine, the lofty hero, the comic
soldier, the few (very good) horses, hounds, battle,
murder, sudden death, rescues, escapes, treachery,
Boers, bombs and explosions, so it would be strange,
indeed, if there were not enough out of such a selection
to satisfy the most exacting taste. January 30th, 1897.
THE   PROVINCE
SPORT
RUGBY FOOTBALL.
victoria vs. nanaimo hornets.
VICTORIA did not have the best of luck in their game
with the Hornets. Owing to the departure of Miller
the team underwent .several changes at the last
moment. Under the double responsibility of filling
Miller's place at three-quarters and th*e captaincy of
the team, it is no wonder Crease (A.) got a little rattled. The change, of course, affected the combination
of the backs and their play was not up to the high
standard shown against the Mainland team.
Goward and Gamble made many fine individual
efforts to score, and their play was deserving of better
support.
Goward was responsible for some fine dribbles, and
but for his hesitation—he evidently thinking himself
offside—he. must have scored.
Scolefield had to look after Marshall, and he never
allowed him to get really dangerous.
Petticrew was not as safe as usual, fumbling the ball
badly and being rather slow.
Nanaimo thoroughly deserved their victory, and
were undoubtedly the better team on the day's play.
The forwards are a powerful lot, and take a lot of
stopping. Their formation in the pack Victoria found
next to impossible to break up.
The result—a try to nothing—was a fair criterion of
the game, but many believe on »a dry ground Victoria
would play them closer.
Losing this game should not discourage the team,
but should serve as an inducement to do better next
time.
Mr. Morton refereed the game, while the touch line
was in charge of Messrs. Foulkes and Billinghurst.
I am glad to learn that my criticism on the conduct
of Gamble last week was made under a misapprehension. I very much regret having been misled into
placing him before the public in a false light and offer
him my sincere apology. PLACE KICK.
MISCELLANEOUS.
FROM WINNIPEG.
THE latest tribute to Kootenay's fame comes from
Lieut.-Governor Macintosh, of the Territories, who
describes the mineral wealth of that district as simply
marvellous.
The Council of 1897 has tackled the paving difficulty by specifying streets to be paved, and citizens
are growing more confident in their expectation of an
energetic policy, of a better era in civic affairs.
Though the ball given by the Rowing Club to raise
the wind for the trip to Henley was a great suoeess,
the club is still far short of sufficient funds to send the
champion four to Old England. Public subscription
has been opened by the Winnipeg newspapers to raise
$3,000, the required amount. Three $200-donations
have already been made, and little difficulty is antici*
pated in raising the balance.
While the feeling in Manitoba towards absorbing
part of the Eastern Territories is growing more and
more favourable to the proposal, it is quite otherwise
in Eastern Assiniboia. Judging from the utterances
of local organs, probably inspired by rural magnates
whose importance might' suffer, the Territories in
question may object to loss of sectional autonomy. In
this case, as in others, the objectors will probably
make the most noise, and though theirs may not be
the predominating influence, the loud protests may
kill the project before it has been carefully considered.
Political excitement over the publication of the Bill
of Particulars in the Winnipeg case, has not subsided.   The bill was extensively copied in the Liberal
organs of Canada, and comment thereon was not of a
flattering nature for Manitoba. Conservative journals
have come to the defence of Manitoba's reputation,
and lest a compromise should permit the petitions
against Liberal members to be dropped, the demand
is made that there be no " saw-off," but tha,t the guilty
be brought to justice. Developments in Mr. Boyd's
constituency should satisfy these righteous demands.
Here, at least, the Attorney-General's Department
cannot be accused of winking at wrong-doing.
The Provincial Legislature will assemble about February 11th. The most important matter for the session is, of course, ratification of the terms of the school
settlement. Immigration may also come up for consideration.
The famous and too long drawn out School Question has now merged into a problem of much greater
importance to the whole Dominion, namely clerical
interference in politics. In this connection, it is interesting to note that the real object of the Solicitor-
General's visit to Europe is acknowledged to be an interview with the Pope on the subject of clerical
dominance. Associated with him in this mission is the
eminent British counsel, Mr. Russell.
WATCHMAN.
FROM PARIS.
TPHE result of the Senatorial elections, for the renewal
* of the one-third of that body, leaves parties about
where they were. The extreme republicans gain ten,
perhaps fourteen seats, after an unparalleled amount of
stumping and writing. It was next to piping for
nothing. So .disproportionate is the recompense for
the great efforts considered to be, that one of the leading opposition prints affirms that the Senate can only
be taken by storm. The two main questions which
divide the advanced and the moderate republicans are
the adoption of the income tax with sliding scale
applied to assessment and poundage, and the reform
of the constitution. Both these measures one-third
of France, in the Senatorial constituencies just consulted, will reject. The monarchists have neither
gained nor lost; at best they are but an insignificant
minority in the Senate, where fifteen years ago they
had the whip hand. Time works wonders. It is
worthy of remark, that the expiring grip of monarchy
in France is in the most benighted districts of the
country, and that in proportion as popular education
and broad tolerent ideas expand, that moribund
political clutch grows feebler. It is for the Due d'Or-
leans to bring the stream back into its course. He
need not shorten his honeymoon to undertake that
feat of dynastic engineering. The verdict of the partial renewal of the Senators is a victory for Premier
Meline, the more so as he does not conceal his disdain
for the radical-socialists. He has spirited away one
of their ablest chiefs, M. Doumer, by nominating him
Governor-General of Indo-China. M. Doumer preferred to be first in Gaul, rather than second in Rome.
Some allowance must be made for the reigning
indifference of the country to matters political.
Frenchmen are not content with the practical gains of
their country during the past year. The world has
not shared their enthusiasm over the Czar's visit, and
shows only qualified approval of the Franco-Russian
alliance. The nation someway feels the eyes of all
Europe are becoming le3s and less fixed upon her. Britain, and especially Russia, are the cynosures. One
of them has pierced the Egyptian wind bag; both are
the medicins en chef of Turkey: the Czar holds the
patient while Lord Salisbury administers the physic,
but despite the eminence of the physicians, the sick
man will neither die, become convalescent, nor be
cured. Sir E. Vincent's report on the financial situation of Turkey, while creating a favourable opinion as
to the solvency and remunerative resources of the
empire, at the same time renders it imperative to lose 72
THE   PROVINCE.
January 30th, 1897.
no time in placing the control of the revenues in the
hands of an administrator who will be inflexible in
the execution of his duty. That's the Saviour the
Mussulmans want. M. Thiers once laid down that a
Minister of Finance ought to be a " savage," in order
to resist seductive pressure on his economic resolutions. It was Colbert's maxim to husband the
nation's farthings. The belief remains unchanged that
the Sultan will brook no collective rival, in the shape
of six powers, near his throne.
During the current year France must make straight
the paths of her crooked finances ; she will require a
vast number of millions to pay off floating debts,
to augment her navy, and, as contemplated, to provide new artillery—a reform in that branch of bloated
armaments other nations will be compelled to follow.
The cry is raised, of what use are foreign possessions
to France if they be not developed? To secure the
latter the State must accord subsidies, which it cannot
well afford, in default of capitalists holding aloof from
colonial investments. For more than sixty years
France has sunk upwards of eleven millions of francs
($220,000,000) to have and to hold Algeria, which is
unique as a bonanza of failure. France and England
had a race to take New Zealand ; the Union Jack
won by eighteen hours ; it was flying when the French
admiral arrived in 1839, or about eight years subsequent to the occupation of Algiers by the French,
which they undertook to evacuate, as they also did as
regards Tunisia, but stick to both, as the English cling
to Egypt. Contrast New Zealand and Algeria to-day.
It would make a capital object lesson to add to the
moral decorations of the colonial college. Madagascar
is in a fair way of proving a sterile conquest for the
French, who are administrating it on the same lines
which have ruined Algeria. Up to the present, all
France has achieved in Madagascar is to have forced
the Anglo-Americans to quit the island. That compulsory seeking of fresh woods and pastures new may
be the latter's ultimate advantage.
The commercial world is resting somewhat on its
oars till the result of the McKinley tariff negotiations
be more authoritatively promulgated. The impression
is that while some re-castings will be inevitable,
nothing more Draconian- than what exists will be
proposed, save that in the event of a European
country treating American imported merchandise with
severity, the States will at once resort to reprisals.'
In consequence of Sardou's approaching jdrama,
based on spiritism, the "speerits" are again looking up.
A tailor of twenty-three years' standing has been
discovered, who claims to pass all his evenings in the
most delightful conversation with his departed spouse.
She puts Madame Blavatsky, Mrs. Besant, or Professor
Rosny, into the shade in the matter of " spook"
revelations. No one, however, believes the tailor ; not
even Sardou. He gives no latest news of a concrete
character from the land of shadows, from whose
bourne-not even a spirit traveller returns since Shak-
spere's days.
Respecting the efforts made to propagate the French
language, a writer suggests the best plan is to rear
children to speak it.    Oyez, sterilists!      CANDIDE.
FRILLS AND FURBELOWS.
rjIHE old year has been seen fitly out and the new
-*- year duly welcomed in. The members of the
Thirteen Club, who brave everything in the shape of
superstition, will probably rejoice that the record year
in history should start its career on a fateful Friday.
It is interesting to note that the Queen has lived
longer than all the Peers, with one exception, who
were alive when she ascended the throne. Mr. R. B.
Brett has taken time by the forelock and is even before
the poets in recounting some of the glories of the
longest reign in his Yoke of Empire: it might
sound a trifle heavy from the title, but in reality a
charming picture is given of the Queen during the
early part of her reign. It is most entertaining. Mr.
Brett gives a delightfully human explanation of how
Lord Beaconsfield gained Her Majesty's favour. He
writes: " In trifles Disraeli never forgot the sex of the
Sovereign. In great affairs he never appeared to
remember it."
We are sorry to say that Mrs. Massingberd, the
energetic president of the Pioneer Club, is dying. She
sent a most urgent message to the " Pioneers" the
other day to keep the club together at all costs, but as
she herself was the life and soul of it, she will be a
great loss personally as well as financially. Their
comfortable quarters (her own property) in Bruton
Street will probably have to be given up.
Sarah Grand, a prominent member of the club, has
been spending the winter in Seville, where, the papers
say, she has gone to finish her new book. As a matter
of fact it has been finished for some time, most of it
having been written last summer at Burford Bridge,
only the copying remains to be done.
A somewhat novel form of invitation was received
the other day from a London hostess. On a beautifully designed card was printed the menu of a dinner
at a fashionable restaurant, while on the other side
the programme of " As You Like It" was given,
whither the guests were to be conveyed after dining.
A New Year's dinner with a varied menu was given to
forty horses at Friar's Place Farm, the Home of Rest
for Horses, of which the Duke of Portland is president.
The home was instituted to enable the poor to give
their over-worked horses a rest, and to supply them
with another animal meanwhile. Among the patronesses are the Marchioness of Salisbury and the Duchess
of Portland.
The entry of students at the London School of
Me'dicine, for Women, was so large last autumn, that
a new building instead of the present school in Handel
Street, became a necessity. To carry out the proposed
scheme, £20,000 will be required. New laboratories
are to be erected at once, so that they may be ready
for use in October, and the gradual building operations need not interfere with the work. Mrs. Garett
Anderson, in her appeal for funds for the new Hospital,
points out that the wards are all full, while many
patients wait admission. This hospital is managed
entirely by women surgeons and physicians; the
patients and students are of course women. At
Ioodhiana, N.W. Provinces, India, Miss Edith Knight,
M. B., Lond., has been appointed lecturer. She is a
well known student of the London School of Medicine
for Women, where she was awarded the Helen Prideaux
prize for her essay on diphtheria. In the current number of the "Nineteenth Century" there is an interesting
article on " Nurses d la mode," by Lady Priestley, who
suggests many reforms and improvements as regards
the nursing of private cases. In her paper the sick
nurse is presented without a scrap of sentimentality,
which usually surrounds her as with a halo.
The Reviera is never so delightful as at this time of
year. At present, the pall of fo{* and the general
damp dreariness make the charms of .Monte Carlo
stand out attractively, and many a smart dress has
been turned out during the last fortnight to make its
debut the other side of the channel. We saw one in
that pretty mouse-grey tone of color, of velvet corduroy, trimmed with sable. The coat was lined with
beautiful pink brocade. Lent coming later than usual
this year, evening entertainments will be more numerous than ever.
It is only a few weeks since the fashion of wearing
lace and fur together took us by surprise, it seems so
superfluous to | paint the lily." Now jewelled and
enamelled girdles are to be seen in close proximity to
fur coatsi They are worn with Eton coats, and also on
sealskin jackets. The fur becomes very rubbed after
wearing only a few times. In spite of incongruity
they look very nice. January 30th, 1897.
THE  PROVINCE.
73
At the marriage of Princess Marie of Greece and the
Grand Duke Michaelovitch of Russia, which is to take
place some time in February, in Russia, the Prince
and Princess of Wales will be represented by the Duke
of York. The latter has distinguished himself as a
capital all-round shot at all the recent shooting parties.
One of the penalties paid for celebrity and popularity in these days is that unmasking of the inner
life, the sacred privacy which neither time nor curiosity should ever invade. People, it seems, need only
to have been dead a few years when their most private
letters—letters which in some cases might have been
written with their heart's blood—are put up for-auc-
tion and bought by the highest bidder. At Sotheby's
last week some large prices were paid for Lady
Hamilton's letters, one in which she writes of a "most
infamous falsehood raised against mine honour, and
that of brave and victorious Nelson," was sold for
twenty guineas. There is also, it would seem, nobody
beneath contempt with the interviewer. A professional
journalist has been down to the cell of the escaped
(and re-captured) convict at Dartmoor to cull his
experiences and sensations for reproduction in his
valuable paper as a hero of melodrama 1
In the way of sweets the very easiest things to make
with delicious results are, meringues. To make these
you should have a board about three inches thick,
that will go into your oven. Rub this.board over with
salad oil and cover it with oiled paper. Whip the
whites of three eggs into a stiff froth. Stir in very
lightly nine ounces of fine castor sugar. Shape some
of the mixture in a dessert spoon, and scoop it out
with another one. Lay the meringues as you shape
them, at a fair distance on the board. Dredge them
over with castor sugar. Put them in a slow oven till
dry and crisp, (about three hours), next turn them
over carefully, scoop out all the soft parts)* dust inside
with sugar, and dry the inside again. The oven must
not be too cold at first or they will run flat. They
must be filled with whipped or flavoured cream just
before they are required. FRIVOLIA.
f-
A PAGE FROM AN OLD   EXPLORER'S DIARY.
HEARING that Mr. Buttles, the discoverer of the
lake in the island known by that name, was still
alive and had his residence in San Francisco, Mr.
Laing and I thought that it would be interesting
to all lovers of the island to hear from his own
lips his account of how he came to be the first
white man to see the great sheet of water, and
how he gave in the report to the Government
of his day as to a large island in its midst and
two great arms towards the north and south. That
he had ever been upon its waters we did not believe,
and when amid the " Central Crags," in the month of
August, 1896,1 had decided for myself just where in
1865 Buttles had stood and seen ahead of him the
lake, and a little below him the little lake marked on
maps as Ice Lake. Let me say here that my surmizp
was absolutely correct, for on the map that lay in his
sitting-room I pointed to a spot before he had told us
anything about the matter, and he replied that I had
hit it off exactly. He was never at the lake itself, and
his mistake is very easily explained. Travellers amid
high ridges know how deceptive fog is, and especially
so when it runs into large areas of waters. His island
was simply a promontory of land (that we had paddled
by), and the fog swept round behind it through a deep
ravine that exists, and was so joined to the head of
the lake that it looked as if the fog itself was water.
Away twenty miles off Buttles saw two other great
banks of fog running through the mountain ranges
north and south. These also he had no reason to
suppose were other than water reaches. But Buttles'
witness to my report published in The Province goes
further than as to his location when from afar he saw
his lake. I have heard it said that the depth of snow,
the height of the Central Crags, and the glaciers there
were surely travellers' tales, the result of too much
climbing and packing. By the kindness of Mr.
Buttles I have been permitted to make a copy of his
note book then used. It is a venerable document,
prized with several others (replete with the account of
his wanderings) by himself and his family as nothing
else in the house is. It is clearly written, aDd although
over thirty years' old is in perfect condition. I have
read it all again and again, and it should be published, not alone for its interesting details but as a witness to the daring of the men of olden time who are
fast passing from amongst us.
Now, as to Mr. Buttles himself on the day of our
visit to him: I had the pleasure of being accompanied
by my fellow-traveller, Mr. J. W. Laing, who being
himself Scotch, was very welcome in the house of a
fellow-countryman. We found the old man bearing
his seventy years wonderfully ; indeed he looks not
much past middle age, but he is stone deaf. This was
the price he paid for that same trip of 1865. His
diary tells the tale of hardships apd how greatly he
suffered. He was constantly wet through, owing to an
exceptionally wet season that year, and neuralgia set
in the week after he had seen the lake named after
him. He arrived back at Victoria with his face in a
terrible condition, and never recovered himself.
Gradually his hearing left him, so that now all communication with him has to be done by writing.. He
well says that he is never able to forget his exploring
of the Bear River and Nootka Sound districts, for his
penalty for carrying it out successfully is with him
to-day, and he will carry it to his grave. I could not
help but wonder as I looked on him, a splendidly
built man, what the country had done for him,
one of its early heroes. He lives in a foreign land,
although his heart is in the woods and river bars of
the island. He is unknown by the new generation of
Victorians. His work seems to have been for naught.
His sketch books are laid on the shelf, although everything in them was done with exquisite care and
patience. To whomsoever it shall fall to make the
new map of the island, there is a store of accurate
information in those books. Buttles lives in a perpetual silence, and the land he gave his health for
speaks no word.
It is to be noted that by an unfortunate thoughtlessness there are half-a-dozen Bear Rivers and certainly a dozen Elk Rivers on the island. But the
Bear River up which Mr. Buttles went is not to be
mistaken by any who will look at the map and note
the stream that flows into Bedwell Sound. It was the
right hand fork called by an Indian name that
Buttle followed. Up the left hand fork the gold was
found. When last summer we were fighting our way
over from Muchalat Arm to Buttles' Lake we came to
the source of the left hand river, and from Central
Crags awhile later we saw the source of the right hand
stream which Buttle followed up.
EXTKAOTS EBOM MB. BUTTLES' NOTE BOOK.
July 27th, 1865—We arrived at the mouth of Bear River
about half-past five, p.m., where we camped. After supper
Mr. Laughton arrived in a small canoe with two Clayoquot
Indians. He had got all the articles that we required.
Camp 22.
28th—I did not shift camp to-day, bo as to give all hands an
opportunity of washing and at the same time prepare everything for a fair start to-morrow. I leave Mr. Laughton here
with the bulk of the provisions, and take twelve days' provisions with us.
29th—Our party started up the river in two canoes. On
arriving at the Forks we separated, myself and party with
large canoe taking the right hand forks. My party consisted
of McCausl and, Tomo,and two Indians and myself; Mr.
Hancock and party taking the left haDd with the Bmall canoe'.
His party consisted of Forgie, himself and two Indians. .
At noon we had to leave our canoe and to pack our provisions. We continued up the river about six miles from the
Forks, where we camped. The bed of the river as far as we
ascended is tolerably flat; great bars are to be met with here
and there; the water, generally speaking, shallow, the under-
1 74
THE   PROVINCE.
January 30th, 1897.
I
brush very bad; here and there the timber is excellent.
Camp 23.
SOth—Made a short day to-day on account of its being
Sunday. We kept the bed of the river most of the way, it
being very shallow. We cainped at the mouth of a large
stream emptying into the river.   Camp 24.
31st—As we went along we found it very difficult to travel.
We had to leave the river at one place and take to the side
hill, then had to take to the river again. At 2 p.m. we came
to a standstill. Here at a fork of the river appeared a cafiott
that we could not get through.   Camp 25.
August 1st—I tried a prospect this morning on the side of
the river, and got what I thought would do if it improved.
After dinner McCausland, Tomo and myself ascended the hill
to our left, and continued on for about a mile; we then got
down to the river again and prospected,, but with no success.
Returned to camp about 6 p.m. There appears little or no
game in this vicinity.
2nd—At 8 a.m. thiB morning I Btarted to ascend a mountain to the left of the river. I was accompanied by Tomo and
the two Indians. It took us till 2 o'clock p.m. to gain its
summit. We got to snow about half-past twelve noon. We
were then at an altitude of 4,000 feet above sea level. From
this point we had a steep but regular ascent over the snow.
The highest point we reached I should suppose to be 6,000
feet above sea level. From here we got a fine view in the
direction of Comox, or a little north of it. We saw a fine
large sheet of water that I should judge to be twenty miles
long at the very least. It appears like a chain of lakes running in the centre of the island. The mountains are very high
all around. That prevented us getting any other view except
one of the sea through a gap. Some of these mountains must
be 8,000 feet. The quantity of snow lying on them is scarcely
credible. In the same month I have seen far less snow at an
altitude of 9,000 feet on the Rocky Mountains. We travelled
over four miles of snow varying in depth from one foot to one
hundred feet. The blue ice of a glacier was to be Been here
and there. A small lake just below us was filled with ice.
After taking the general bearing of the surrounding mountains I started for camp, where we arrived at half-past Six.
3rd—Feeling rather stiff this morning, and having tome
writing to do, I did not shift camp.
4th—Started to return. We followed the river the whole
way down.   Camp 26.
5th—-Arrived at where Mr. Laughton was camped at one
o'clock, p.m.
The diary proceeds to tell of Mr. Buttle's effort to
cross the island via the Tahsis Canal, the Tahsis
Valley, across the Divide, down Woss Lake and the
Kla-Anch River, down Nimpkish Lake and River, out
to Alert Bay—Mr. Laing's successful trip of last year.
He reached the foot of Woss Lake, then had to return
to Nootka, for the Indians were frightened at the
rapid waters of the Kla-Anch and he was short of food.
On October 1st the schooner Surprise dropped into
Friendly Cove (Nootka) with a letter from the Colonial
Secretary recalling himself and party to Victoria. On
the 8th of October he reached the capital, and the
manuscript closes.
San Francisco, Jan. 1897. W. W. BOLTON.
" HOME " AGAIN.
A LITTLE before nine in the evening of a day in
early June, the London & South-Western Railway " special" from Southampton carrying the passengers of the American liner St. Louis ceased grinding at curves and banging at points and came to rest
within Waterloo Station.
When the passengers had poured forth from the
cars, there ensued the usual period of wild turmoil, of
bustling endeavour on the part of each man to oome
by his own, that occurs whenever an English train
reaches a terminus. But on this occasion the
struggle was of unusual severity, because the amount
of property at stake-was extraordinary; for the passengers, numbering between five and six hundred,
were most of them rich Americans, many of whom
were ladies possessing great store of clothes calculated
to fascinate Europe. The luggage was piled in heaps,
many feet high and many yards long. It lay as it
fell; the huge " Saratoga" resting on the yielding
portmanteau. To extract one's things from the mass
was like playing a game of gigantic spillikins. The
confusion was doubled by the fact that the train had
been cut in half, so that the luggage stacks lay along
different platforms.  One could have had other people's
goods for the asking, but one's own were unobtainable.
Some of us lost our tempers; many seemed to los3
hope. The man who " likes looking after his own
luggage" had every opportunity of indulging his
taste. Much time elapsed before I could persuade a
porter to ignore other people's appeals and confine
himself to my business; but after three-quarters of an
hour's work I enjoyed the satisfaction of seeing ail
my belongings collected on a truck, drawn by a porter
devoted to my service.
But alas ! I had large possessions not to be accommodated by a hansom, and as the few four-wheelers
had long ago disappeared I was compelled to wait
while my porter scoured the neighbourhood in search
of one. In about twenty minutes he returned unsuccessful, explaining that as the weather had turned
wet he might go to the other end of the Strand in
vain. I sought out the station authorities and asked
them to see that my luggage be sent to the Euston
Hotel, as I wished next day to continue my journey
northward. They said that it could -not be sent that
night. I then gave them till 8 o'clock in the morning, but that, it seemed, was equally impossible—it
could not be delivered, they declared, before noon next
day. Then, forgetting my whereabouts, and thinking
myBelf still in the Far West, I begged to be shown a
telephone.   I might as well have asked for a roc's egg.
It was now 11 p.m. and I was beginning to despair
of reaching Easton that night, when my faithful porter
proved himself a man of resource by informing me
that he had' found a man with a light, open waggon,
who, for the sum of five shillings, would take my
things to Euston. He also suggested that I put
myself into a hansom, letting the heavy stuff follow
after.
I quickly closed with the man, but not again would
I be parted from what I had been at such pains to
secure. So when everything had been put into the
waggon I climbed up to the seat by the driver.
It was then that my porter "made a very unporteriy
remark. I was bidding him good-night, and he was
in the act of receiving my shilling, when he said :
" I don't expect nothink."
At the time I fancied he was thinking about hie
failure to procure a cab, but I now incline to the
belief that his pride was, touched in taking a shilling
from off a waggon.
The wisdom of staying with my effects was soon
made clear, for while slowly pounding along over
Waterloo Bridge the driver remarked:
" I expect, sir, you know the way to Euston? "
And on my telling him that one of the many things I
had lost during a long absence was my knowledge of
the north part of London, he added : " I works down
the other way, and when I gets across the river that's
where I gets cheated."
Fortunately we had a little boy of about ten years
old in the waggon, who had perched himself on my
trunks, and who, I was told, was a son of " the
master's." He was a very active lad, and made himself of much use by frequently jumping out of the
waggon, asking the way, overtaking us, and scrambling in again, and all without our slackening speed.
It is true the information he gained was rather vague,
but by this means, and by asking cabmen driving
alongside, we were enabled steadily to approach our
goal.
When at last we turned into the short street ending
in Euston Station, I was delighted to think that my
troubles were over. I congratulated the driver on his
skill in traversing an unknown country, regretted
his long return journey, prescribed for him a whiskey
and soda, and offered to administer it.
But my joy was  shor.t lived, and it died  a long
Vancouver Biscuit Co., Ltd., manufacturers of all kinds of
Plain and Fancy Biscuits, etc. We make a specialty of Plain
Sodas, Cream Sodas, XXX Sodas, Saline Chips, which we
maintain are not excelled by any goods on the market. January 30th,   18b7.
THE   PROVINCE
death. On asking at the hotel for a room, 1 was told
by the usual handsome and haughty young lady
clerk that there was none to be had, and that I ought
to have telegraphed at least two days before. Bat in
answer to my inquiries she told me of two other hotels
—the only ones near by that she could recommend ;
also that if I wished to be rid of my luggage I must
waste no time, as the station was locked up at twelve,
to which hour it wanted but five minutes. I reached
the cloak-room just in time to deposit all my things ;
then, having paid off my driver and listened to his
waggon rumbling off towards the river beyond which
lay the region where he could live " uncheated," I
started out in search of a bed.
I first tried the two hotels of which the young lady
approved, then two others that she was not able to
recommend, but all to no purpose. Then, seeing a
hansom jogging along, I hailed it, but the driver cried,
" Going home, sir." I thought him fortunate, but
persuaded him to drive me to some hotel not too far
off his line.
Having heard at Waterloo that no rooms could be
had at any of the big hotels in and around Northumberland Avenue, I tried the Tavistock, Brown's, Covent
Garden, and several others ; but wherever I went I
was told that the house was full.
In America, the word " full" is often used in a comparative sense, it may be applied to a hotel, a tramcar,
or even to a man, without implying that any one of
these will cease to accommodate more; but in England
it is not so used. There, in the case of buses, cars, or
places of public resort, the "full" is not allowed to
become the " overfull."
I was beginning to realize that London was thus
full, with one man over, and that I was the man.
It was now two in the morning and I had eaten
nothing since leaving the " St. Louis." I shouted up
to the cabman : " You told me you were going home ;
take me along with' you, I'll sleep with the horse."
Upon which he replied : " Let me drive you, sir, to a
little house I know just off Tottenham Court road.
I'm sure you'll get in there, sir, and if it isn't quite
first-class you'll be very comfortable/'
He took me to the place, a high, narrow, yellow
brick house, in a very mean street, where at last I
found, on the top story, a vacant room.
Having paid down the price of the room, as required,
I gave the cabby a fare which evidently satisfied him
for as he drove off he repeated, to cheer me up no
doubt, " You'll be very comfortable, sir, I'm sure."
A well-meaning remark to which my landlady took
exception, shouting back:" What do you know about
it I should like to know " ? And the event proved that he
knew nothing about it, for never before have I been
less comfortable. Sleep could not enter such a place.
The bed might be lain on but not in. Nor was the*
room what I have just called it; it was not altogether
" vacant."
Here I spent four miserable hours waiting for the
time to pass. At six o'clock in the morning I went out
in search of fresh air and breakfast, unfortunately in
the direction of Piccadilly, where I discovered that the
restaurants do not open until 9 o'clock. I then
returned to the Euston hotel where I found that if
space were lacking yet good food was plentiful. But
as that breakfast marks the point where the bad
beginning grew into the good ending, the remembrance
of it warns me that I must stop, or tell of happenings
in striking contrast to those herein related, which
would be contrary to my purpose; for though I have
told all this because the editor has asked me to, yet I
have another reason, which is to show that if the
foreigner, on arriving in London, does not at once go
into ecstasies over the facilities he finds there, his want
of appreciation is not necessarily due to ingrained perversity, nor to Anglophobia, ribr even to envy. When
the new arrival gets into his groove he will have the
best of times if he sticks to it.   THE PRODIGAL.
CORRESPONDENCE.
We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions which
may be expressed in this column. No notice will be taken
of communications unless accompanied by the full name and
address of the writer, and no Utters will be published in the
current issue which are received after Wednesday. Brerity
is essential to insure vublicalion.
FROM EX-ALDERMAN M ACM ILL AN.
npO THE EDITOR -.—Permit me to point out that your
JL statement with reference to my " late defeat aa a candidate for the- North Ward " is absolutely (if not purposely)
wide of the truth. A reference to the files of your own paper
will prove that my challenge was in answer to your strictures
on my conduct re Point El lice Bridge. You did not accept my
challenge. My record in the Council on the Bridge, or for that
matter on the Water Works question, was not challenged in
the press or on the platform during the contest. The election
was decided on for other considerations. If, as your scarcely
concealed satisfaction at my defeat would indicate, Tub
Province is the mouth-piece and abettor of the combination
of greed and wickedness which overwhelmed me at the polls,
I prefer its opposition to its patronage. Better repudiation by
the partizans of race-prejudice, prostitution, rum-selling and
political knavery, than elevation to prominence by their aid.
I do not look on the result of the late election as a defeat for
me. Three hundred and ninety-four of my fellow-citizens
registered their approval of my efforts at the Council board for
the moral and material welfare of the community. Can the
editor of The Province lay claim to a testimonial of equal
value? JNO. MAOMILLAN.
Victoria, B.C.
[We fail to see anything in the paragraph alluded to which
is of a nature to warrant the above letter, and can only regret
that offence was taken where none was intended.—Ki>. 1
AN ITEM FROM ROSSLAND.
TO THE EDITOR:—Before Gold Commissioner Fitzstubbs
and -within a stone's throw of the two papers published
here, there was (last Wednesday) in the court house, being
enacted a case which notonly deserves notice, but the severest
condemnation of the attempted defrauding of eight honest,
hard-working men. But not a word was said about it in out
two newspapers on Wednesday last. These men had to
employ a lawyer to obtain for them by law what they bad
worked for and what was needed to buy bread with.
They had been working for and at Louis Blue's Sawmill.
Mr. Blue claimed that he had leased the mill to one Walbesser
and another Lavin, hence he refused to pay.
Captain Fitzstubbs decided that Louis Blue must pay the
men and the costs.
Rossland, B.C.         TRUTH.
E. & N. RAILWAY LANDS.
TO THE EDITOR:—I send you a pamphlet entitled " Vancouver Island as a Home for Settlers," which has been
in circulation for some time. This little work, however, does
not say what rights the settlers have on the lands for sale on
the Railway's terms. About the only rights the settler has
on the land after he has bought it is to breathe, to go down to
the river to drink, and vote as he is told.
Oomox, B.C.       SUBSCRIBER.
THE VANCOUVER SMELTER PROPOSITION.
r~pO THE EDITOR:—You have no doubt noticed the
_L various leaders as well as the correspondence in connection with this matter in the local papers. A certain Mr.
Selevor's proposal that the taxpayers be bled to the extent of
$150,000 by way of " bonus " has probably struck you as preposterous, just as it has the taxpayers who were to pay if he
had had his way. The cost of the smelter (varying in size,
according to reports, from a 150 to 600 tons daily capacity!)
was to be $450,000, out of which Mr. Selevor (modestly) only
asked the good and gullible citizens to subscribe one-third.
He could not inform the latter about his principals, as it
would be undiplomatic; but they were good enough anyhow
for the million dollars which, he explained, would be requisite
for the purpose of working capital.
To the ordinary mortal it would seem that people who were
willing to risk $1,000,000, and confident of success, the remaining $150,000 would be of small moment 1 Luckily, however,
the '' bonus fever " seems to have subsided somewhat, now
that the elections are a thing of the past. But apparently Mr.
Selevor's and other bonus-hunting visitors' proposals have
not yet obtained the final burial they deserve. Various letters
in late issues of the papers have suggestions of a different
kind, which, though seemingly better, are not really so, as
they involve the question of a partnership between the city
(at the expense of all the citizens) and a few of the citizens,
whereby the latter would have a manifestly unfair advantage
over others who, when the business warrants it, might be
willing to start competing works, provided they had an even
Unequalled for delicacy and piquancy of flavour and the
choice of epicures—York shirk Relish.
\
i 76
THE   PROVINCE.
January 30th, 1897.
chance. It seems incredible that, if the necessity for the
establishment of a smelter should be so evident and imperative
at this particular moment, and its success so assured, enough
money cannot be found in Vancouver for the formation of a
company with the capital required to start smelting and
refining works in a business-like way, and on a scale commensurate with the present needs—always keeping in view,
while designing the plant, all such extensions as may safely
be expected in the near future. As to the immediate requirements, they seem to be limited to such regular shipments of
ore as at present can be relied upon from the coast mines, and
those on the main line of the C.P.R. We cannot expect to
seriously compete for Kootenay and Boundary ores with the
smelters in those districts, and in the U. States, until the
Peoples' Railway from the Crow's Nest Pass has been completed to the coast, and cheaper freights thereby secured.
Some of the coast mines may become regular shippers on a
small scale during the present year, and possibly a few on the
C.P.R.-line. But it is probably safe to assume that a plant of
150 tons daily capacity, increased perhaps during the course
of the next two years to double that output, will be all that
is required. Cannot this be done by a local company, one
dollar shares, no promotion fees, but "esprit de corps," and
energetic canvassing for subscriptions from every man,woman
and child, even if a great many might only be able to afford to
take one share ?
Vancouver, B.C.            ANTI-BONUS.
CUBA.
TO THE EDITOR:—A perusal of your recent article on
Cuba would lead anybody au courant with Cuban affairs
to suppose that " Havannah" was indoctrinated with the
viewB of the Madrid daily El Imparcial.
We are informed that this is "a fight between civilization
(save the mark) and savagery." Certainly everybody knows
that for barbarous practices Spain enjoys the reputation of
excelling any other European nation, as evidence the inhuman
bull fight, the national pastime of the people, and conducted
under governmental supervision. Of course Spaniards will
sometimes reply in the tu guogue style referred to prize fighting ; but the comparison is poor, as the pugilists are voluntary
participants, the bull and horses are not. However, it is not
my intention to digress too much, but merely mention this as
an evidence of the civilization 1 "Possibly your correspondent
has had Senor Oanovas or the Duke of Tetuan whispering to
him in a gentle aside that " after we have crushed these
mambises we will give them reforms," and then, in an under
tone, add, "like those that went into force 11 subsequent to
the ten years' war." No, " Havannah," you must know that
Spanish promises are of the piecrust order. Again, if the
Cubans win, we should have another Haytian Republic.
This and the comparison with San Domingo are the stock
arguments of those upholding Spain; but no mention is made
of Mexico, Chili, Guatemala and the other Central and South
American Republics that have made rapid strides since they
asserted their rights to self-government. "What's sauce for
the goose," etc.
Again, the Cubans " who are fighting are mostly half-
breeds," etc. The population of Cuba is 1,600,000, of which
65 per cent, are white and 35 per cent, coloured and Chinese
(Gacela Oficial de JSabana, 1890). Evidently " Magna est Veritas
etprevalabit" is not the device of your correspondent. " Cuba
is nearly as well represented in the Spanish Cortes as Scotland." The island is divided into six provinces, viz., Habana,
Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Santa Clara, Puerto Principe and
Santiago de Cuba. At the head of each province is a Gaber-
nador civil appointed by the Crown, and directly subordinate
to the Governor-General, who may be termed a Viceroy.
Each of the above provinces sends two Senators to the
Spanish Cortes, but in addition to these the University of
Havana and " The RoyalEconomic Society of the Friends of
the Country " each have the privilege of selecting a Senator;
hence Cuba is represented by fourteen Senators, whereas
Scotland has sixteen representatives in the House of Peers
and seventy-two in the House of Commons. Even Wales,
with less population than Cuba, has thirty-four representatives.
Now for the educational feature in Cuba: 35.11 percent.
_ whites and 12.28 per cent, half-breeds can read and write,
whilst in Spain the ratio of adults to total population unable
to write is 72 per cent. Ab to Cuban autonomy being ridiculous, even' some of the brightest men in Spain, such as Castelar
and Moret, advocate it.
Owing to the fact that no reliance can be placed either upon
" official reports" or subsidized fabrications, we will not
mention any outrages committed in this war, but will ask
"Havannah" if he remembers reading the English papers
during the ten years' war about a number of doctors and their
friends (neutrals—all whites) being shot down without a trial?
Vancouver, B.C. J.W.B.
Letters from Wm. Wilson, T. E. Julian, "Young Liberal,"
" Charity " and " Broad Blade," are held over for want of
space.
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4-45
Mention The Province,
m THE PROVINCE
"A Province I will give thee."—Ant. & Cleo. .
Vol. IV. No. 9. VICTORIA, B.C., SATURDAY,   FEB. 27, 1897. Price 5 Cents
All communications to The Province should be sent to Tin:
Managing Editor, Province Building, Victoria.
Under no circumstances will unsolicited contributions be
returned. No notice will be taken of communications unless
accompanied by the full name and address of the writer, and no
letters will be published in the current issue which are received
after Wednesday noon.   Brevity is essential to secure publication.
All changes of advertisement should be handed in not later than
Tuesday evening to ensure insertion in the next following issue.
The advertising and subscription agent has no authority to collect
accounts or receive moneys.
The Province may be obtained by order through any bookseller
or news agent in British Columbia, or direct from the Provinc,
Limited Liability, Province Buildings, Victoria and Vancouver,
B.C. Price $1 per annum for Canada and the United States ;
in Victoria, postage 60c. extra; other countries $£, postage
included. Agents in Eastern Canada: for adits., Gray's
Advertising Agency, Montreal: for the United Kingdom, Street
Bros., SO Com li ill, London, B.C.
Free Trade and Direct Taxation."
MEN AND THINGS.
A S we go to press we receive a letter from our Ross-
-£*- land correspondent wherein he reiterates the
statements made in his article of the 12th inst, to
which exception was taken by the Sanitary Inspector
last week. It arrived unfortunately too late for
insertion in this issue but will appear in our next.
The most interesting event in the House this week
was the ingenious insertion on Thursday, by Mr.
Hume, of a sub-section in the Rossland, Nelson and
Grand Forks Speedy Incorporation Bill (a Government measure) giving these cities the following
power:
" It shall be lawful for the said cities, and they are hereby
empowered at any time hereafter, to take and divert from any
stream or streams, as may be found most suitable, and to
appropriate and use sufficient unappropriated water for all
public purposes of the said municipalities, and from time to
time to construct all works that may be necessary for
efficiently using such water, and to erect dams, raceways and
all works which may be necessary for the maintenance of
such water privileges, and to exercise all the power mentioned
in the Water Privileges Act, 1892.''
The Hon. Attorney-General, who had woke up once
or twice during the session, had apparently gone to
sleep again, for the obnoxious (to the Government)
clause passed with a vociferous " aye," which shook
the walls of the new buildings. Seeing the strenuous
efforts which had been made by the Ministry on behalf
of water monopolists the previous day, the passage of
Mr. Hume's most righteous amendment must be construed as a covert vote of censure by the entire House,
though it will not, unfortunately, be productive of the
same satisfactory effects as an open one. The Hon.
the Attorney-General wanted to know what the amendment was about just a trifle too late. We can imagine,
though we will not attempt to portray, the very
uncomfortable quarter of an hour the Government
must have had with the water monopolists aforesaid,
whose effotte to c<jrr4t"GWl Almighty's handiwork for,-]
their own benefit were thftis—at least as far as the three
citiesare concerned-—mercifully frustrated.
Dr. Walkem has faithfully carried out his pledge of
independence given at the beginning of the session.
He grows more aggressive day by day, and evidently
means to catch the Government if he can.   Some of
his questions have been of the awkward nature, but
we hope they are as nothing to those which he has
yet in store
They are talking big figures in the upper country.
The Rossland Miner says the reports of various railways indicate that there will be an influx of 100,000
people into British Columbia this year. To double
our population off hand is not bad going, but when
one comes to think of it there is nothing particularly
preposterous about the idea. Gold mines are a magnet all the world over, and that 100,000 people should
be attracted to those in B.C. in a year is a statement
that need surprise nobody. History invariably repeats
itself and that B.C. should double up in point of population in twelve months is not more marvellous than that
Rossland should grow out of nothing into 6,000 people
in twenty-four.
Last week we stated, quoting from the Public
Accounts, that Dr. J. C. Davie has received a salary
at the rate of $150 a month from 1st October to 30th
June, 1896. It appears from the return submitted
to the House on Tuesday, 23rd inst., of expenditure on
account of the Provincial Board of Health for the six
months ending 31st December, that Dr. Davie received
no pay for his services as chairman during that time.
In our issue of the 6th inst. there appeared a letter
from Mr. William Wilson, of Victoria, on the subject
of " The Kelly Creek Gold Mining & Milling Company, Ltd." On the 17th we received a communication replying to the above from Mr. C. S. Douglas,
Vancouver, which we returned to that gentleman with
the following letter:
C. S. Douglas, Esq., 139 Cordova Street, Vancouver, B.C.
Dear Sir,—I beg to acknowledge receipt of your favour of
the 16th inst., enclosing communication regarding Kelly
Greek Gold Mining & Milling Company, Ltd., which is
intended as a reply to the communication of Mr. William
Wilson on the same subject, which appeared in our issue of
the 6th inst. I should be very pleased to insert it, as I have
no doubt it is very interesting; bat it is far too long. If yon
can condense it into the same apace as that occupied by Mr.
William Wilson, or even less, I shall be obliged; but your
letter, as it stands at present, would run to about three-and-
a-half columns, and it is quite impossible, as I said, for me to
give that amount of space.   Tours faithfully,
End. A. H; SGAIFE, Editor.
Thereupon Mr. Douglas sends his letter to the Vancouver World with this preamble :
THE KELLY  OREEE GOLD  MINING' & MILLING
COMPANY. LTD.
Editor World :—The following communication was refused
publication in The Province on the alleged ground of want of
space. I beg to remark that if that weekly (should I not
spell it with an a?), which poses as a particularly fair and
impartial journal, permits the appearance in its columns of
communications calculated to injure honest and legitimate'
mining propositions, and cannot find space for the defence, it
had either better refuse such communications in the first
place, or enlarge.' Ajsjyour columns are always open to the
public lor the airing of grievances and righting of wrong, will
r$$£ give me the benefit of your wide circulation by publishing-
my letter?   Thanking you in anticipation,
I am, yours-sincerely.
Vancouver, B.C., Feb. 20,1897 C. S. DOUGLAS.
Our ideas and those of Mr. Douglas on the subject
of fairness are at variance.
Try Lawrence's Table d'Hote Lunch 40 cents.
4-11
1
THREE IN ONE—Satisfy your palates, quench your thirst, enjoy good music—Adelphi Cafe, Geo. E. Fisher, prop.
5-6
a
j 114
THE   PROVINCE.
February 27th, 1897.
The Consolidated Railway in Victoria allows of the
carriage of bicycles at single fare rates on the front
platform of the street cars provided " there is room."
But there never is. Besides, nothing makes a less
congenial travelling companion than' a muddy wheel
(belonging to somebody else). If the same charge be
made for carrying a bicycle as for carrying a passenger, we! suggest that the same accommodation be
provided. What's the matter with the roof ? or,
failing that, the sides of the car ? A hanging festoon
of wheels, suspended from hooks ad hoc, would give
quite a decorative finish to our tramway service and
confer a great benefit upon bicyclists. In the'present
state of the roads, the only way to utilize your wheel
is to carry it about, and if you can get it carried for
you for five cents you are not likely to grudge the
money.
What is the Agent of Marine about that he does not
stop the fishing with nets which is now reported as
going on in Victoria Arm ? The practice is. in direct
contravention of the regulations. Everybody knows
that the law is being broken except the department
whose duty it is to see that it is observed. It was
stated in the Victoria Times of Tuesday last that " a
gentleman who resides on the water's edge just above
Point Ellice Bridge states that almost every night
fishermen Can be seen or heard taking in their nets."
Capt. Gaudin possibly isn't aware of the fact. We beg
to call his attention to it—also that of the Minister of
Marine.
According to the views put forward by the Hon.
Provincial Secretary on the floor of the House, not to
mention eminent financiers such as Major Dupont and
Colonel Prior at a recent meeting of the B.C. Board of
Trade, " capital" is positively fawnlike in its fear.
You mustn't sneeze or speak above your breath for
fear of frightening away " capital." The historic
| maiden of blushing sixteen " isn't in it as regards
timidity with " capital." We venture respectfully to
dissent from this view and to assert on the contrary
that " capital" is lion-like in courage. It is simply
nonsense to talk about frightening away capital—you
may bang the door in its face and it will come in
through the window. You may close the window and
it will come down the chimney ; always provided that
you have what it wants, namely, safe and profitable
investment for its funds. If you haven't safe and profitable investment for its funds or the art of cajoling
it (possessed to a nicety by some people) into believing that you have, you might woo it till Doomsday
but never a stiver would you get. The attitude of the
Government on Wednesday last over the report of the
Private Bills Committee created the impression that
they one and all were on the side of capital, or to speak
more accurately of charter mongers, as opposed to the
interests they are elected to serve, i.e., those of the people.
Nothing attracts investors more than sound conservative preservation of the assets to which they look
for repayment of their advances, and a country in
which charters are difficult to get, and wherein guarantees are demanded for faithful performance of contract within a specified time, stands far higher in
financial esteem than another which grants privileges
lightly to Dick, Tom, or Harry, and allows its charters
to be hawked all over the three-kingdoms before ever a
purchaser be found. It is this hawking about of charters
which does such infinite harm and militates so largely
against their success and the credit of the country.
The charter monger, as a rule, cares not a jot to what
extent the reputation or credit of the country may
suffer by his endeavours to enrich himself. Then again
be may J probably does, at .the outset, ask for more
exhorbitant terms than he is finally willing to accept,
and this fact in itself is of a nature to bring discredit,
not upon him, but upon the country whence emanates
the charter. Too great care cannot possibly be exercised in granting charters. And Mr. Sword's motion
demanding that security be given for the execution of
the work, whatever it may be, was a step in the right
direction, and we much regret that it was withdrawn.
As we have previously pointed out, no miner will give
an option on his claim, good, bad, or indifferent,
without some consideration as evidence of good faith
on the part of the purchaser. Why should the country be less indifferent to obvious business precaution?
The truth is that these charters are almost invariably
applied for in advance of the times and are based upon
a discount of future industry and development. But
that is one of the very reasons why they should not be
granted.
Cecil Rhodes as a capitalist, and a large one at that,
ought to be timid; but he isn't. The line he is taking
in London is quite refreshing in its boldness, but as
Punch puts it he should have steered clear of disparaging allusion to Mr. Chamberlain's " orchid."
That the Colonial Secretary is not likely to forgive
and unless this Colossus of Rhode has a card up his
sleeve (he is artful enough to have a whole pack for
that matter) he may yet regret collision with Downing Street.
Stands Scotland—we mean the Victoria hack
stand—where it did?
The last word has not yet. been spoken by the
Dominion Government with regard to the vexed question as to who should build the Crow's Nest Pass
road, though the telegrams from Ottawa state that the
contract will be awarded to the C.P.R. Until the fiat
has gone forth we hold to the view, already expressed,
that the Government will, as it undoubtedly should,
build the road. But suppose it doesn't! Suppose it
can't for the reason that the B. C. Southern charter,
with its land grant through the pass in question, has
got into the hands of the C.P.R. What, in that event,
shall we say of the " statesman " who engineered the
deal and stood in the way of a national undertaking
for private ends? We reserve our opinion. That of
the people will be pronounced on election day.
At present the best energies of a poor class of politicians at Washington are being devoted to injure the
trade and hurt the feelings 'of Canada. It is all very
well to exclude our lumber by a duty of $2 per thousand and exclude ourselves like the Mongolians by
Corliss amendments, but Canadians as a body are prepared to'drop politics when their nationality is attacked
and Liberal and Conservative will be found standing
together to repel insults from wild-eyed politicians
whose idea of the word | freedom " is license to offend
their neighbours and repudiate all the lofty aspirations
of the founders of the United States.
■ In contrast to this state of affairs it is pleasant to
read that Sir Richard Cartwright and the Hon. Mr.
Davies have come back from Washington after being
very kindly received by politicians of a different sort.
They report, however, that the return of Mr. McKin-
ley, and his high tariff party, has made it practically
impossible to do more than pave the way for future
negotiations, which should be brought about by means
of commissions appointed by both Governments.
Those who have been unfortunate enough to have
business with the Patent office at Ottawa will be glad
to hear that that branch of the Department of Agriculture is to be thoroughly over-hauled. It is stated,
and with very good grounds for the belief, that certain
patent agents had acquired undue influence with the
officials, and that their business was taken up to the
neglect of that of others.   However this may be, most
Miners' Glasses, Watches, Spectacles; Field-Glasses Aneroids sold and repaired by TJfford the Optician. 4-17
Boult's   for Tobacco, Cigars, Cigarettes  and
Light House, 142 Cordova Street, Vancouver.
Pipes.
The
4-17 February 27th,    1*97.
THE   PROVINCE
115
unconscionable delays have taken place in cases in
which one were interested, and all efforts to goad the
officials into action appeared to be barren of results.
All the red tape and procrastination which ever flowed
from the other departments came home to roost in the
Patent office. However, Mr. Fisher, the new minister,
will not let that state of affairs exist longer, and hereafter it will be a fair field and no favour.
On Saturday last, 20th inst., the following interesting announcement figured seductively amongst the
local items of our esteemed friend the Victoria Colonist:
Sam Keller & Co., bankers and brokers, New York, want a
reliable agent at Victoria. Apply to Geo. S. Casedy, 512
Washington block, Seattle, Wash.
A "reliable agent" (all agents are reliable) in
reply, expended a three cent postage etamp with the
following result:—
Dear Sir:—In reply to your's of the 20th inst.,'I have forwarded under separate cover our latest circular letters with
Saturday, Feb. 13th report. As you will readily see, our work
consists of showing to the money-saving public what we have
done and are doing with moneys deposited with us. We make
settlements every Saturday, and send our checks with statement of results to every individual depositor on that day,
unless he or she instructs us to hold and re-invest. We have
been in this line since 1891 and Have never lost a dollar for a
single depositor. On the other hand we have paid an average
weekly dividend of over 8 per cent, per week.* In subtantia-
tion of this fact Mr. Keller-stands prepared to furnish his
certified check for ten times the amount, if you can find a
single depositor who can say that he or she ever lost a dollar
in our combinations. On the other hand they have made the
average we show you. This money is subject to withdrawal
at one day's notice, if you should not be fully satisfied with
results mailed you every Saturday. We are most anxious to
get a good responsible man to take our permanent agency at
Victoria and from there handle all Wat part of B. 0. It is a
clean cut proposition and some good, live man can work
up a permanent, lucrative business by taking it up and staying with it. Hoping that you may see your way clear to take
this field, as our representative, I will await your further
advices. Yours truly,
(Signed) GEO. S. CASEDY.
Eight per cent, per week works out at 416 per cent.
per annum, and is a fairly satisfactory return, especially when we remember that " Mr. Keller stands prepared to furnish his certified check for ten times the
amount (what amount?) in substantiation of the fact."
Here is a golden opportunity for some conservative
business men who don't like taking risks.
The dismemberment of the Turkish Empire, or what
is left of it, has apparently begun. Greece, if we are
to believe the telegrams, practically occupies Crete,
and the Porte does not regard her action in the light
of a casus belli. It is more than probable that there is
some understanding between the Powers upon this
question, and the Sultan has been given quietly to
understand that his doom is sealed if he moves in the
question. On no other hypothesis can we account for
the absence of a declaration of war on his part. We
may expect interesting developments, but in any event
it is Turkey which will have to pay the piper.
The I Companies' Act, 1897," to quote its short title,
is what the Colonist describes as an "effort to meet the
requirements of the situation, which admittedly calls
for some legislation." We are glad the " Attorney-
General has made " an effort," and shall follow the
discussion upon the merits and demerits of this " heir
of his invention " with much interest. Meanwhile there
is one provision we heartily approve, and that is
clause 20, which provides that "no company
under the Act shall commence business unless ten per
cent, of its capital shall be paid up in cash." This
will kill wild cats quicker than anything, and largely
tend to restrict over-capitalization. On the other
hand, the registration fees proposed are ridiculously
small. This source of revenue should be cultivated ;
it hurts no one, and is prolific. We stay by one per
cent.
Try Lawrence's Pastry and Cakes.
4-11
The Hon. Clifford Sifton has lost no time in turning
his attention to an important branch of his Department, which apparently was considered of no account
by the late Government, inasmach as for years it did
not form the subject of any official enquiry. We
allude to the timber belonging to the crown in this
province. A commissioner has been appointed, in the
person of Mr. Archer Martin, legal agent for the
Dominion in Victoria to look into matters, and we
notice the first court of enquiry is advertised for the
19th March at New Westminster. No doubt everything is quite as it should be, but in the contrary
event we know of no one better qualified to set things
straight than the present commissioner. We understand that other courts of enquiry will be held where-
ever and whenever it may be found necessary.
The City Engineer of Vancouver has been instructed
to prepare plans and figures for a new gaol ; good
business. Can it be that the magnificence of the
present edifice has at length begun to pall upon the
civic rulers, or is the jobation lately delivered by the
grand jury on the subject responsible for this sudden
activity? In any case, no matter what the cause, we
hail 'the effect with joy.
The report that the Dominion Government intends
to strengthen the Williams' Head Quarantine Station
is satisfactory. It needs it. Dr. Montizambert's visit
to British Columbia has been most opportune, a rigid
carrying out of all sanitary and quarantine regulations being peculiarly apropos just now when smallpox in Japan and the bubonic plague in India render
thorough disinfection of all vessels from infected ports
necessary for the safety of  our coast cities.
"Who rideth so late through the chill night wind ?"
It is the sidewalk biker, and weather matters not to him;
in storm and sunshine he scorches about Vancouver
(with a special partiality for Robson street) and the
people fly before him like dust before the gale. Is
there never an end to this public nuisance? The
bicycle by-law was passed months ago, but it is not
psoperly enforced, and unless something is done, and
that speedily, to protect pedestrians from further
annoyance there will be a tragedy in the land. The
majority are frightened at the sudden onslaught, but
once let the ubiquitous bicyclist meet his match and
there will be " wigs on the green," for even the most
peaceful citizen is apt to grow revengeful under continued subjection to panic, and though it is contrary
to all rules of order for a man to take the law into his
own hands, upon whom would the blame rest if in a
moment of exasperation he put a spoke in the wheel
of his tormentor?
Now that the chain-gang has almost completed the
useless task of clearing brush off vacant town lots,
thereby destroying the garb of green wherein Nature
sought to hide the nakedness of the land, it behooves
the municipal authorities of Vancouver to make a
counterbalancing effort towards beautifying the city.
Why not gently persuade the same gentlemen now partaking of civic hospitality to celebrate the diamond
jubilee of our most noble Queen by ornamenting the
city with good boulevards and trees? Let the chain-
gang be employed during the spring and autumn
months in planting shade trees on the residential
streets; Vancouver owns a waggon and horses,.so no
expense need be incurred. The men ought to go out
and get the trees one day and plant them the next.
" Diamond " somehow seems to suggest " Topaz"
and the above paragraph applies with equal force to
Victoria.
This is a world of surprises ! The announcement is
made that Mr. W. J. Bowser, one of the defeated Conservative candidates in the late Dominion elections,
Buy your Seeds from a Seedman.—R. H. Johnston, 82
Douglas Street.   (Opposite Clarence). 4-17
/
I 116
THE   PROVINCE.
February 27th, 1897.
has been appointed commissioner by the Government
to inquire into the conduct of certain Vancouver civil
servants last June. This unprecedented action on the
part of the Government is causing great indignation
in the local Liberal ranks, and rumour has it that the
appointment will be rescinded. In the meanwhile the
civil servants aforesaid are said to be enjoying all the
pleasures precedent to decapitation.
The current rumour that Mr. Maxwell, M.P., has
been tendered, and is actually considering the advisability of accepting, the leadership of the Liberal party
in the matter of provincial politics has spread like
wild-fire through Vancouver, and we may have more, to
say anon respecting it. The member for Burrard has
already done good service at Ottawa ; everything
pointing towards his ultimate achievement of certain
ends for the benefit of his constituency.
The scheme inaugurated by Her Excellency the
Countess of Aberdeen to commemorate the Queen's
Diamond Jubilee by means of the organization of a
Victorian Order of Home Helpers throughout the
Dominion is in many respects an admirable one. At
first sight the magnitude of the proposition is startling,
but when reduced to a working basis its feasibility
and undoubted usefulness become more apparent.
There are a few points in the proposed constitution of
this Order to which, however, we take exception ;
witness the limitation of candidates to women over
the age of twenty-eight; substitute the age of twenty-
two and you have a more sensible clause. Other
details can come later ; the main question is the
general practicability of the scheme, and of this the
public must judge for themselvesr The movement is
primarily under the auspices of the National Council
of Women, but hearty co-operation of medical men,
the Mayors and Councils, heads of institutions, and
citizens at large, is necessary to the successful accomplishment of the project.
In the matter of smelters, there are at present five
propositions from different quarters presented, or
about to be presented, to the City Council of Vancouver for consideration, not one of which, however, asks
for bonus on output, the form of subsidy most acceptable to the citizens. Some require a straight bonus on
completion and satisfactory working of the smelter ;
others exemption from civic taxation and free water
for an indefinite period, and still another company
would take the city's guarantee of four per cent, per
annum on £80,000 debentures for ten years. Each
and all of these schemes will demand the attention of
the smelter and finance committees ; meanwhile time
is passing, and the worthy members in Council should
recollect that Vancouverites will only endorse a first-
rate, practical smelter proposition, believing with
Ruskin, that only the " best possible" under the
circumstances, is truly excellent.
VENTILATION.
THE Victoria School Trustees at a recent meeting
noticed the complaint of the unsanitary condition of one of their schools. Whatever the
system of ventilation may be nothing should interfere
with the opening of windows of all the schools, top and
bottom, and keeping them open by day and by night
whenever the weather does not happen to prevent.
There can be no better ventilation than the pure air of
Heaven.
Neglect of this necessary and simple law of sanitation
must be urged as an indictment against nine-tenths of
the population in most places.
During what are termed the winter monthftf people
live in a purely hot-house atmosphere, their houses
Chas. Taggart, Manufacturer of Pure Confectionery, Cakes,
Pastry, etc. Mail orders a specialty. 608 Granville St., Vancouver, B.C. 4-80
heated quite beyond what is necessary or healthful
and very-little if any ventilation is allowed.
They live in a vitiated atmosphere and then complain that they and their children are suffering from
cold. They are catching their colds and laying the
seeds of all sorts of illness in their children by their
style of living ; how can it be otherwise ?
Very many sleep in their bedrooms without any
opening to the outer air. To propose such a course of
action would give many the horrors, whereas everyone would enjoy restful and refreshing sleep if [ the
bedroom windows were open top and bottom all night
all the year round. Some people will actually leave
the room they have been sleeping in and not even
open the window ; others may perhaps open the window a little at the bottom. To produce proper ventilation the windows must be opened at the bottom
to let in the pure air (oxygen) and opened at the top
to let out the poisonous foul air (carbon and gas).
The dining room, too, is as oftenr as hot left after a
meal without the inmates of the house troubling to
know that the windows were opened to let out the
fumes arising from the diners and the dinner.
- In the ball room, the danger is intensified. You
enter fresh enough, and the lights burn clear, but as
the night wears on, the pure air (oxygen), becoming
exhausted, the lights burn dim ; and what is affecting
the light is also affecting the dancers. Lassitude and
weariness creep over them, because they are now
breathing over and over again the foul, poisonous gas
caused by the assembling of so many in an ill-ventilated room ; this gives rise to most of the feelings of
the day following the ball.
The gathering together of large numbers at public
meetings is very often no better. We once formed the
noble resolution that we would attend the Legislative
Assembly and there learn from recognized masters
something of debate and oratory. We were in the
gallery, but could concentrate our attention for only a
short time ; our head began to ache ; we could scarcely
breathe ; nausea began to creep over us, and very
shortly the atmosphere became so turgid that we were
obliged to turn away, and have never had the courage
to enter the building since. Ignorance, or neglect of
the facts we have laid before the reader, are the cause
of most of the illness affecting the respiratory organs.
We hardly venture to hope that people will learn how
gradually they are poisoning themselves ; living in a
house heated up to furnace heat all day long; no
windows open ; no chance of impure air escaping ; a
sleeping car on the C.P.R. is hardly more unwholesome
or unhealthy. CATO.
Taxes are either direct or indirect, " straight" or
" crooked." Indirect taxes are those that may be
shifted by the first payer from himself to others.
Direct taxes are those which cannot be shifted.
The shifting of indirect taxes is accomplished by
means of their tendency to increase the prices of commodities upon which they fall. Their magnitude and
incidence are thereby disguised. It was for this reason that they have been described as " a scheme for
so plucking geese as to get the most feathers with the
least squawking." The indirect tax costs the taxpayer much more than the Government receives
partly because the middlemen, through whose hands
taxed commodities pass, are able to compound profits
upon the tax, partly on account of extraordinary
expenses of original collection ; it favours corruption
in Government by concealing from the people the fact
that they contribute to the support of the Government,
and.^tj|ends by obstructing production to crush legitimate industry and establish monopolies. Of the
makmg of monopolies there is no end till the people
through the voice of their representatives cry
" enough."
SINOLAIE HAROTTS, fruits, candies, tobacco and cigars.
Corner Carrall and Hastings Streets, Vancouver, B.C.      4-12 February 27th, 1897.
THE   PROVINCE
117
THE PROVINCE.
"A Province I will give thee."—Ant. &Cleo.
VICTORIA, B.C., SATURDAY, FEB. 27, 1897.
"Free Trade and Direct Taxation."
PROVINCIAL POLITICS.
fTHE best and most forcible speech so far delivered
this session was the appeal to the Ministry, by
the junior member for Vancouver, on Wednesday last,
for the introduction of legislation dealing on general
principles with the all-important question of water
rights. Whether Mr. Cotton is " dickering " with the
Government for his own ends or not there can be no
question that the arguments he put forward were
on the right side of things and based upon the
soundest of reasoning. The replies from the treasury
benches were eminently characteristic of the present
administration. They were weak, lamentably weak.
One after another the Ministers rose (with the sole
exception of the Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works) and argued all round the point, giving every
one who heard them the impression that they were
holding a brief for charter-mongers. This probably
is the position they really occupy, for the line they saw
fit to adopt can satisfactorily be accounted for on no
other premise.
The omission of the Government to bring down a
bill of their own to deal with the question this session
is but further evidence of their utter lack of ability to
grasp the altered condition of affairs in the province
to which we have had so frequently to allude. Sell
lands for a song (the capitalized value of four years
rental) ; give them away by the score of million
acres ; allow the water rights to be corralled ; permit
sanitary conditions to be neglected ; over-tax farmers ;
under-tax colliers ; favour one class, burden another ;
pamper | colonists," starve ." settlers ; " protect monopolists, oppress industry. What does it matter ?
Anything and everything is possible and permissible
under the policy of laisser faire, which is apparently
the only line of conduct which the Government has
laid down as a guide to its administration of the
affairs of this country. Not one of its members seems
to have realized that the British Columbia of to-day
is not the British Columbia of a year or two ago, and
that the altered conditions, of their very nature, imply
the imperative necessity for altered legislation.
Nothing to our mind could more strongly demonstrate
the utter incapacity of the Ministers to grasp and
grapple with the responsibilities of government at
this juncture than the attitude they assumed in the
matter of the " respectful recommendation " of the
Private Bills Committee regarding the wisdom of
remedial legislation on the water right question. Such
men are eminently unfit to rule the destinies of a
country like British Columbia, standing asitstandSfo-
day upon the threshold of a future fraught with quite
extraordinary possibilities. Opportunities for votes
of censure occur almost hourly, yet the  Opposition
Best Household Wellington Coal at market prices.—Munn,
Holland & Co., Broad Street (opposite Driard). 4-11
fails to take advantage of them. We have had threats
galore, but not a single one has materialized, and the
probabilities now are that the Government will have
another year of office in which to work further havoc
with the resources of the country. The prospect is
not a cheering one.
THE NEW COMPANIES' ACT.
A N effort has been made in the Legislature to expedite
the passage of the new " Companies' Act, 1897,"
which is stated in the preamble to be framed in order
" to enact an exclusive and comprehensive law governing the formation and incorporation of joint-stock
companies and trading corporations," after reciting
that there are now several systems under which these
companies may be formed and incorporated. For the
very reason that it will be a new and sweeping enactment, it seems to us there should be no attempt at
expediting this measure, but it ought to be allowed to
take the ordinary course, erring rather on the side of
deliberation than haste. It is all very well to try and
restrict the operations of the " wild-cat" company as
soon as possible, but the future peaceful existence of
this domestic animal, as the limited liability company
has come practically to be, must not be imperilled
thereby.
For our part we should like to see the Act discussed
by the Boards of Trade and other commercial bodies,
whose members will treat it on the only basis on which
it ought to be treated, i.e., the purely business one.
No business man will be found supporting a measure
which he thinks will retard the development of the
country, at least we hope not.
Unlike Mr. Stoddaet, M.P.P., we do not feel qualified to pass an opinion on the lawyer's part of the work.
But any bill which reduces several inconsistent systems
of registration to one, and provides for rules to be
passed by the Lieutenant-Gbvernor-in-Council for its
proper working, the course of official business and
forms, is a great improvement on the present irresponsible state of affairs, and will be welcomed by
lawyers and laymen alike. The new Act does not
propose to interfere with the rights or privileges of any
existing company, though any such company has the
option, on payment of ten dollars, of being registered
under the new Act, and taking advantage of all its
provisions.
It does not seem to us advisable that the company
should be forced to advertise in a newspaper circulating
in the city or district where its registered office is situated, as well as in the B.C. Gazette : the advertisement
in the Gazette should be sufficient, for anyone who
wants to know anything about a company now goes
to the Gazette as a matter of course. It does not seem
clear whether the company is actually formed after
the issue of the Registrar's certificate, or till after
publication.
While we believe in the clause requiring ten per
cent, of the capital to be paid up in cash before the
company can be formed, we want to know why foreign companies should be treated in this respect more
leniently than our own? They, apparently, can do
business in this province by paying one-tenth of one
per cent, on their authorized capital. Surely there
must be some mistake here. For our part the fewer
foreign companies there are the better. They should
be brought rigidly under our control, and, in fact,
made to feel at a disadvantage beside the home companies. We have had quite enough of bogus concerns
from the other side of the line, not to speak of our own.
The Act, as a whole, calls companies to a much
stricter account than formerly, which is sorely needed.
Speaking generally, it has our hearty support, and
after a careful consideration of the wishes of the business community, its passage will mark a distinct
advance in sound commercial principles in the
province. 118
THE   PROVINCE
February 27th, 1897.
BATON AND BUSKIN.
"Musics of all sorts."—All's Well.
" The two hours' traffic of our Stage."—Romeo and Juliet.
T1HE Philharmonic Society treated us to a good
J-though not altogether even performance last Tuesday
night, when the Opera House was well filled with a
typical Vancouver assembly, who, as usual, took their
pleasures soberly and sadly. The proceeds of the
concert, which was given under the patronage of the
Mayor and Council, were in aid of the Indian famine
fund, which netted $129.45.
The opening cantata " God, Thou art Great,"
(Spohr) though not a particularly interesting work, is
full of earnest musical spirit and admirably suited to
Philharmonic work, as containing no serious difficulties. Mr. Gregory, the conductor of the society, has
brought his chorus up to time, a marked improvement
being noticeable since the last concert given, I think,
in January, 1896. The theory of the universal language of | beats" forms a life-long study, but there are
milestones on the way that mark individual work and
one of these has certainly been passed by the chorus
since they last sang to a Vancouver audience.
In the familiar duet, " Children pray this love to
cherish," Mr. Collister and Miss Malkin would have
done better to sing out a little more, the theatre is
large and the orchestra was rather loud, hence the
necessity for full, clear vocalization.
Part II. comprised Sterndale Bennett's " May
Queen,." the delicate lightness of which was very resting after the solemn harmonies of Spohr. That
charming trio, "The Hawthorn in the Glade," went
very well indeed, though in the final passages Mr. J.
D. Scott seemed unable to take his high notes, also in
his first solo, " 0 Meadow Clad in Early Green," he
dropped to the lower A. He was evidently suffering
from a severe cold in his throat.
Mr. Forrest sang the part of " The May Qeeen," Miss
J. Hunt that of " The Queen," whilst Mr. Forrest gave
an acceptable rendering of " Robin Hood," his voice, if
not particularly strong, is true and pleasant to listen to.
The orchestra worked hard, but alas 1 went out of
tune time and again, especially in' the chorus " Ill-
fated Boy, Begone," did a vicious flat or an irritating
sharp perpetually jar upon one's nerves. Still in parts
the ensemble was excellent and on the whole the instrumentalists have certainly improved during the past
year ; with constant, steady practice they will " get
there " by and bye.
It is a little trying when the violins emit sounds
that, like the shriek of the "unco guid" over the downfall
of a friend's ambition, pierce one's very soul. But
courage; once let a permanent orchestra be established
in Vancouver, and we may look for better things.
DURHAM.
MISCELLANEOUS.
FROM ROSSLAND.
WE are here in daily, hourly expectation of hearing
that the bill incorporating Rossland has passed
the Local Legislature. Of course we feel that its
passage is assured ; but delays are dangerous, and it is
realized that the formalities to be gone through before
the municipal machinery shall have been put in working order will bring us well on in the season. This
reflection is not a happy one, considering the general
disorder of things at present. The public thoroughfares are now passable, covered as they are with trodden snow ; but it is positively dangerous to attempt to
walk the footpaths.   They are sheets of ice—lumpy
•Miningin Kamloops, Lillooet, Cariboo. Send for sample
copy of the INLAND SENTINEL, published at Kamloops,
B.C., weekly.   Subscription, $2 per annum in advance. x
and chumpy. An odd storekeeper occasionally clears
from before his door, but in so doing he does more
harm than good, inasmuch as his next-door neighbour
allows the snow to pile up and the ice to accumulate.
Since the appearance of my letter in The Province,
re the unsanitary condition of the town, renewed
efforts have been made to raise sufficient funds to
complete the section of sewerage some time since
undertaken, and work has been renewed. This will
no doubt be a considerable relief, but much more
will have to be done ere the city-to-be shall have been
placed in a sanitary condition. A bad feature of the
case is that even the newly-appointed City Fathers,
vested with all the powers of the Sanitary Act, cannot
sewer or enforce sanitation in the quarters from which
most danger is likely to arise—in the squatters' quarters, whe're the land is in dispute. This task, I suppose, will be pursued byithe provicial authorities—and
it is to be hoped vigorously.
Very many of the squatters have been served with
ejectment notices and a few days ago the Sheriff
enforced three of them. On Sunday night an enjoyable entertainment was held in the International for
the purpose of raising funds for the defence of such
other squatters as may be brought into court. A
determined effort will be made to " hold the fort."
A very important meeting was held during the'
week, composed of Americans, who wished to protest
against the enactment of the Corliss amendment to
the Alien Labour Law. The speaking was very vigorous,
and a resolution was passed calling upon the President
to veto the bill, which was described as "un-American,
a disgrace to civilization, and if allowed to become a
law can only result in the destruction of that mutual
good fellowship now generally existing among the
people of both countries."
Prospectors, like a great many other people, are beginning to realize that their claims are not fairly
handled. They seem to think that the brokers make
too much out of them, and that possibly the company
promotors make a little more than they are fairly entitled to out of the brokers. In consequence the prospectors have organized, and are determined to deal
with their properties in future through the officers of
an organization to be known as the Prospectors' and
Miners' Association.
I am not at all surprised at these hardy sons of toil
taking such action, and am confident that it will be
productive of good results.
The rate at which new mining companies are being
registered, is only exceeded by that at which deluded
people are flocking into the camp at this season. It is
positively painful to notice the number of men who
are now walking the streets of Rossland " dead broke,"
in search of employment. Once again I caution men
without capital, from coming here. If they have been
seized with the Rossland fever, I beseech them to give
the camp a wide berth for a couple of months to come.
A Board of Trade has been established here, com*-
posed of the business men of the town, and as an
indication of their earnestness in the matter, they are
advertising for a secretary. There is plenty of work
for such a body to do. If Rossland is to maintain her
present position as headquarters for mining business,
the new Board must see to it that reliable information
is sent abroad.
The ores of this camp are refractory, as it is well
known, requiring smelting ; but if some cheaper process of handling them can be devised, there is no doubt
that this will be a very productive district. If $8 or
$10 ores can be made profitable, the future of the place
is assured. Mr. W. R. Rust, manager of the Tacoma
smelter, who was here the other day, claims to have
discovered such a process, and will test it on an extensive scale. ROSS.
Wm. Hamilton, Manufacturer, of Vancouver,  sole agents
for Bertram & Son's " Dundas " Iron Working Machinery. February 27th, 1897.
THE   PROVINCE.
119
FROM TEXADA.
IN speaking of the mineral claims on Texada, I may
begin with the Van Anda, as it is a name well
known in Victoria and surrounding districts. This
claim has lately been working a considerable force of
men, and is now showing a nice body of ore—and fine
ore it is. I believe they have now struck the main
ledge, and that it will be a really good thing. For
some time this claim looked doubtful, for the reason,
as I said some weeks ago, that there was no proper
vein of ore in sight ; but, as it seems now, they have
got a good ledge. One thing I should like to say of
the Van Anda is this : It has the honor of being the
only quartz mine in America worked exclusively by
Chinamen, and a great job they make of it.
The Victoria Texada Company's claim, the Popara,
has some good ore in it, but the work done on it has
been badly mismanaged—in my estimation at least.
However, a fresh gang of men have gone to work on it
now, and a new " boss " may be an improvement.
The ledge on this claim looks well ; probably it is
about two feet six inches in width, and contains some
very good looking mineral, with a little | free " gold.
The Silver Tip is a nice looking claim, with a shaft
on it down about seventy feet and a drift running from
the bottom of the shaft about twenty-three feet. Their
ledge is a beautiful quartz, containing iron pyrites,
copper pyrites and galena, with considerable free gold.
I believe it runs about $35 or $40 per ton, and is about
four feet wide. I understand it has lately changed
hands for $55,000. When this property was first discovered most people thought it was no good ; but a
little development work showed that it was, and now
an expert from Kootenay tells me that it is as good,
although not as extensive, as any Rossland prospect.
There is quite a lot of ore on the dump here, and when
I was there some men were planning a road for the
purpose of shipping.
Adjoining the Silver Tip is the Anaconda, with
about the same amount of ore and about the same
grade of ore as the Silver Tip. This claim is still
owned by the original locators, and they purpose to
hold it until they can get a good figure for it.
Mr. Raper is still working a number of men on the
Victoria, and that ledge is looking better than ever.
This is an excellent property, which if properly managed ought to realize a handsome figure. Free gold
is to be found on it in abundance, and late assays go
several hundred dollars to the ton.
The Lorndale is, I hear, about to be worked again.
I hope it will, for I believe it is a first-class proposition although it has had a set back.
Sam Brett has lately located a very nice prospect
near Paxton Lake. He had, when I was there, cut
through"about five feet of ledge without striking the
wall. His ore is iron pyrites and galena, apparently a
very high grade ore. There are hundreds of prospectors on Texada and surrounding islands, and
claims are being located every day, many of them
being of no value, save for the chance of selling them
oh the strength of some of the good claims in their
vicinity. One thing I would like to say to prospectors
on that island (or any other place for the matter of
that) blaze your location lines thoroughly. On Texada
one meets with a front and can find no blazes running
from it, or possibly a blaze every hundred yards or so.
Now this is a great .annoyance to subsequent prospectors. Several " claims " are often staked on the
same ground and there is a kick, when really the
original locators are the party who are to blame,
because they have not got their line properly marked.
It would be more trouble to the locators, but surely a
good claim is worth locating properly, and the Mineral Act demands that such lines shall be clearly
blazed and the underbush cut down.        XERXES.
ON THE FLOOR OF THE HOUSE.
Friday, 19th February, 2 p.m.—Petitions received as
per usual for such water rights as may still be left on
the mainland including several of the railway order,
amongst them the V.V. & E.R. & N. Co. Major Mutter
[Cowichan-Alberni]—Asks for all correspondence,
papers, reports, etc., pertaining to the bridge over
Thompson River at Kamloops. (Why confine
enquiries to Cowichan?) Mr. Kellie [N. Kootenay]—
Rises to a question of privilege. Urges Government
to rush Joint Stock Co's. Bill for all they are worth
(is that all?). Must stop this over-capitalization at
once. It's a blooming boomerang. (So it is.)
Premier says Government will do its little hest. Committee on Government bill " Master and Servant."
Hot wrangle-jangle on clause 2 as to whether longest
period during which contract of service should be
binding be nine years, time mentioned in bill, or five
as proposed in amendment. Amendment lost, clause
carried. Opposition made valiant efforts to break the
neck of clause 3 and give " Servant" some sort of a
show against " Master " by allowing him the right to
examine " Master's " books if need arose, but to no
purpose; clause 3 carried. Everybody had a hostile
word for clause 8 allowing contracts for labour made
outside B.C. to be valid inside it. Opposition points
out glorious opportunity, if clause carries, for " Chinese
cheap labour." Hon. A.-G. suggests as a way out of
the difficulty " only contracts made in British possessions." Shouts of " what about Hong Kong ? " .
Hon. A.-G. (a little " dotty " in his geography) " so
sorry had forgotten all about Hong Kong." Lets Hong
Kong go by the board ; clause finally struck out and
balance of bill passes without discussion. Committee
on Government " Ambiguity bill re B.C. Southern."
Dr. Walkem [S. Nanaimo]—Objects to title. Bill
stated a fact; a fact wasn't an " ambiguity "—only
ambiguities connected with Act were Mr. Cotton and
the Provincial Secretary. Proposed bill reflected on
past legislation. British Columbia Southern had grabbed
some 20,000,000 acres by a clerical error, had been
found out and now Parliament was going to take the
land back—(quite right). Apologizes to Provincial
Secretary for stating he had got $180,000 for the charter, correct amount he believed was $160,000. Provincial Secretary accepts apology. (Mercy and
Truth are met together; Baker and Walkem have
kissed each other.) British Columbia Southern Company had not received $160,000 or anything like it.
Captain Irving—"How much did they get?" Provincial Secretary deigns no reply. Various members
I scrap " on " ambiguity." Provincial Secretary—
Hon. Mr. Blair 'first discovered clerical error (Hon.
Mr. Tarte discovered B. C.);had thought Mr. Blair
was wrong then that he was right. Title of bill passes
and bill reported complete with amendments.
Monday, 2%nd February, 2 p.m.—Premier presents
address, Royal Diamond Jubilee congratulation, to
Her Majesty. Very creditable production. Moves
adoption and reviews the Queen's reign. Address
adopted after few choice words from Leader of Opposition. | Act to establish Farmers' Institute " (Government bill) read first time. Dr. Walkem—Moves,
I That in the opinion of this House a tax upon mortgages bears unduly upon different members of the
community " (self evident proposition). Mortgagors
unduly oppressed all over province. (Hear, hear.) Tax
instituted for revenue purposes as it was thought only
means of reaching thosewho had money to lend. Rich
should be taxed as well as poor (certainly), but in
this case borrower, not lender, pays tax; if not directly,
under form of increased interest. If tax continued
some means must be found of making lender pay it
as statute intended. Premier—Measure receiving
earnest consideration of Government.    (Government
Try Lawrence's Table d'H6te Dinners 50 cents. 4-11
Get your Breakfast at Lawrence's Caf6. 4-11
Seeds, Plants and Flowers.-
Victoria, B.C.
-R. H.  Johnston,
P.O. Box 40.
4-17 120
THE   PROVINCE
February 27th, 1897.
always earnest.) Object of tax entirely defeated ;
borrower made lender pay ; favoured new provision
making all mortgages null and void containing clause
that mortgagors should pay tax ; fairest way would
be to repeal personal taxes altogether, but revenue
couldn't stand loss of some $50,000. Government
knew wrong people paid taxes but didn't see how to
overcome difficulty. Moves adjournment of debate.
Carried. Mr. Kellie moves for return for all details
possible and imaginable respecting Government advertisement in the Vancouver World. Carried. Captain
Irving [Cassiar] moves for all papers and reports
and statement of expenditure regarding Government
colonization schemes at Cape Scott and Quatsino.
Captain Irving wants search light turned on to the
Government's famous immigration policy. Minister
of Immigration probably did his best according to his
lights, but his lights burned dim and wanted trimming badly. Colonel Baker not only poet in the
House. " Walkem and Talkem " pretty good but the
Captain could also take a hand in that line of business
and got off the following on the Colonel:
Here's to the Baker who doesn't knead dough,
Who thinks every word that he says is a go,
He tries to rule like a Russian Czar,
But will find himself blocked by the member for Cassiar.
(laughter.) (Mr. Phillipps-Wolley resigns as Poet
Laureate of B.C.) Min. of Immigration doesn'tcarry
side-lights, carries head-light. (Why doesn't he light
it?) Settlers alluded to were principally Scandinavians. Danish colony to arrive next week (to be
met by Fifth Regiment band playing " Hardy Norseman") forty-five in number and will go to Cape Scott.
(Great Scott!) Will fish as well as farm ; their
numbers will be increased to over a hundred by the
spring (very prolific people the Danes). With
patience (inexhaustible) and time (unlimited) Government immigration policy will prove successful ;
Government had immigration agent in England who
had visited the eastern provinces. Mr. Semlin [W.
Yale]—Why were free lands only given in certain
sections of the province? Land Act did notencourage
settlement. Very marked difference between "settlers"
and " colonists." If Government honestly anxious
to encourage immigration they should alter Land Act
and make it easier for ordinary settlers to take up and
pay for land. Premier—Settlement by " colonists "
not confined to coast. Settlement of lands vitally
important. Captain Irving should be glad to see colonists on coast in line of his steamers. Dr. Walkem—Did
not Bella Coola colony include old settlers and
several which had lived for years in Victoria? Min.
of Immigration—Didn't know, but colonists could come
from any part of the province they liked. Mr;
Kitchen [Chilliwack]—Government was spending
enough on Bella Coola colonists to keep them. On
the other hand settlers at Howe Sound were charged
twenty-five cents a cord by the Government if they
attempted to sell cordwood from the land. Why
should Bella Coola be favoured more than Howe
Sound? (how unsound.) Mr. Huff [Cowichan-
Alberni]—Thought too much land was given to each
settler ; eighty acres enough and to spare ; 160 too
much. Settlers should be nearer together. Min. of
Immigration—Government could grant less than 160
if they liked. Mr. Cotton [Vancouver]—Government should not tax their industry. Mr. Booth
[Islands]—Positively cruel to bring settlers out from
England or anywhere else under existing conditions.
They didn't know what they were coming to. Government should not charge them twenty-five cents per
cord for cutting wood. Major Mutter—Best plan
would be to rebate so much an acre for each acre
cleared. Mr. Graham [E. Yale]—Criticizes immigration policy of Government; unfair distinction made
between settlers and colonists. Mr. Sword [Dewd-
ney]—Government had no immigration policy or if
they had it was a very bad one. Who was this immigration agent in England ?   What is he paid?   Who
appointed    him ?     Min.    of   Immigration—" Hon.
Forbes George Vf rnon (Government's pet guinea pig)
with a  salary of £1,000."    (Much laughter.)   Mr.
Macpherson [Vancouver]—A Mr. Odium had received
$200  for  " slides"   and   $200 for being present at
Winnipeg convention;  Government had no definite
immigration policy.    (Let things " slide.")    Min. of
Immigration—$200 was for photographic (not snow)
" slides " used by Prof. Odium in lecturing.   This
week most important lecture  (on Government immigration policy) by the Professor at Imperial Institute,
London.    (Nansen not in it.)    He had written Mr.
Vernon to send out consignment (C.O.D.) of "hardy
farmers'sons."    (Pet "guinea pig" away  attending
meeting of public company L.F.R. & C.G.F. Co., Ltd.)
Ontario had been settled by " hardy farmers' sons "
why   not  B.C.?      (Why  not indeed.)    Mr.  Adams
[Cariboo] — Bella Coola had cost lot of money, see
public accounts.    Big mistake to try and get settlers
to this country.    (Leave 'em  alone and they'll all
come home, etc.)    Mr. Kennedy [New Westminster]—
Best settlers were those who were not assisted.   CO—
Timber as much an asset of the province as  gold,
silver   or   land.      Must have revenue.    Stands  by
twenty-five cents  a  cord.    Captain Irving—Government during past two sessions had had time to define
its   immigration  policy;   hadn't   done   so.      When
colonists could get no more money out of the Government  they   would   go   somewhere  else.     Colonists
couldn't live unassisted at north end of Vancouver
Island.     Resolution  passed.   Mr. Adams moves for
return of dues collected on cordwood under Land Act
of 1896.   Resolution passed.    Mr. Semlin moves for
select committee to enquire into state of public health.
Province threatened not only with disease from without but also disease from within, particularly in new
towns.     Premier—Didn't see force of resolution  as
exhaustive report from Board of Health would shortly
be laid  before the House.   Mr.  Booth  agreed with
Premier;   why  should those who  kept their  places
clean pay for those  who didn't?   Dr.  Walkem also
agreed  with  Premier (for once) ; wait for the report.
Re   appointment   of   Sanitary   Inspector.     Premier
prone to   make   appointments not provided for in
estimates.    All wrong.   Against  rules  of the House
and contrary  to spirit of responsible  Government.
(Why certainly.)      New-comers got nearly all the
appointments ; Bons of those hardy pioneers who had
braved the hardships of early days Jwere passed over
(drop a tear here); nothing against sanitary officer but
an older inhabitant might have been  found equally
capable.    Old settlers would settle the  Government
when election time came round.    A.-G.—Satisfied Dr.
Walkem didn't know what he was talking about.
(Politeness strong point with A.-G.)    In his department Mr. B. Drake had been appointed and  Mr.  R.
F. Tolmie, both sons of old  settlers.    Short residence
should not, however, debar  any person  if qualified
from filling office (hear, hear).   Sanitary officer had
done good work, his appointment justified by typhoid
fever in Rossland.    Government to be congratulated
on "honesty" of the officials it had appointed (Prevost!
Falding! I    Warwick ! ! !    Planta 1! ! !    defalcations
$34,000, good for A.-G.).   Mr. Kennedy hoped report
would be up to date (like the Government).    Resolution lost by  15  to 9.    Great scrap over reports  of
Private   Bills   Committee.    Committee   recommends
that Government should introduce legislation dealing
with   question   of   appropriation    of   water   rights.
Premier—Very Serious matter  (hadn't thought of it
t4$efore in that light).    Government wants time to consider it.    Mr. Cotton—Didn't see it.    "Now  is the
appointed time."    Waxes eloquent on  rights  of the
people.    Mr. Speaker chops off his  head  (too bad)
I out of order, nothing before the  House."    Several
members," There is."   Several other members, " There
isn't," lively time.    Premier puts it off till to-morrow,
(same old game); resolution withdrawn.   Mr. Speaker February 27th, 1897.
THE   PROVINCE
121
says no " ads " to be put on members' desks. Messen-
ger-at-arms must show him everything first.
(Certainly.)    House adjourns at 6 p.m.
Tuesday, BSrd February, 8 p.m.—Committee of Public Accounts submits (1) copies of correspondence
relating to reduction of loans of 1877 and 1887 ; (2)
returns of revenue $509,439.14, and expenditure
$823,503.87, for six months ; (3) expenditure on
account of Provincial Board of Health $1,916, for six
months; (4) payments made on account of guarantees $43,356.46, for twelve months, all to 31st December,
1896. " Harry " Helmcken [Victoria]—Moves resolution on behalf of his " tillicums" the Songhees
Indians, requesting Dominion Government to instruct
their Commissioner to meet the B.C. Commissioner as
soon as possible. Provincial Secretary when in
Ottawa had pressed removal of reserve. Commission
would have to obtain consent of Indians prior to their
removal to a reserve equally as good (certainly) ;
resolution carried. Co-operative Associations' Bill
passed committee, reported complete with amendments,
read third time. " Harry" Helmcken moves to
recommit " Ambiguity Bill " and call it simply " Act
to amend the. B.C. Southern Railway Aid Act;" there
isn't any " ambiguity;" word doesn't appear in any
English Acts, might say " doubts have arisen," but
" ambiguity " never. A.-G.—" Harry " should consult
dictionary; " ambiguity " means " doubt," and
therefore " ambiguity " fits the case to a T. Amendment lost; bill read third time. Premier moves
second reading of Farmers' Institute Bill. Excellent
scheme ; had done wonders in East;' bill read second
time. Adjourned debate on "Harry's" motion that Dominion Government be asked to consider increase of tax
on Chinamen, and urging that three-quarters of tax
come to B.C. treasury. Dr. Walkem—$50 not enough;
pile it on. Motion passed. Bill "Speedy Incorporation of Rossland, Nelson, Grand Forks," read first time.
Mr. Kellie rises(as usual)to questionof privilege. Wants
to I get back " at Dr. Walkem over the Gold Commis-
sionership ; wants to know if despatch in Spokane
paper stating thart Dr Walkem opposed Government
■ because Provincial Secretary would not resign in his
favour is true. Dr. Walkem—" I think it's true.
(Great laughter.)    House adjourns at 4 p.m.
Wednesday, 24th February, 2 p.m.—Mr. Sword
moves that in the opinion of the House no charter for
public works should be granted without sufficient
security in cash or bonds being put up within at least
three months of passage of the Act that the works
authorized should be carried out within the time and
under conditions of -the Act. If carried out his
resolution would militate against charter-mongering.
Premier—Resolution very desirable, but just now
great care must be taken not to stop introduction of
capital. Mr. Semlin—Resolution should pass in the
interests of public. Prov. Sec.—Agreed with spirit of
resolution, but it would not work out in practice. Mr.
Huff—Capital would be forthcoming when necessity
existed for charters. Too many water-rights and
other privileges have been locked up by speculators
through the granting of charters. Mr. Booth—Leave
each case to itself, and let House put such safeguards
in each bill as necessary. Dr. Walkem—Favoured
reasonable security. Pres. of Coun.—Dead against
resolution ; too " hard and fast"; each bill should be
dealt with on its merits, and no blind resolution
passed. Mr. Kennedy—Supported resolution ; step in
right direction. Mr. Rogers opposed it, as tending to
prevent important work being taken up. Mr. For-
ster—Capital was seeking B.C. Charter-mongers onJ.y
stood in the way. If resolution too strong, wor§d
move in amendment the word " some" instead of
"sufficient." Mr. Cotton—Recommended "due consideration." Charter-mongers sometimes opposed subsequent applications on ground of vested interests.
Moves adjournment to give Government " time." Mr.
Kellie—Why   delay?   Prov.   Sec.   deserved  vote of
censure for not bringing down a bill when House first
met dealing with water question. (Hear, hear.)
Prov. Sec.—Did not deserve vote of censure. (Of
course not I) Honourable member should look up
the Acts' before he censures Ministers. Pres. of
Coun.—Supported Provincial Secretary.. Only matter
to come before the House was the consideration of
existing Acts with additional power of expropriation
to put up electric poles. Motion to adjourn and Mr.
•Forster's amendment both lost by a majority of two.
Mr. McPherson—Maintains Government inconsistent
in not voting for the amendment which had been moved
to make resolution acceptable to both sides of the
House. Mr. Adams—Resolution too " hard and fast."
" Harry " Helmcken—Would oppose resolution as it
would hamper Private Bills Committee; P.B.C. quite
capable of looking after everybody. Mr. Graham—
P. B. C. had not full power to restrict action
of bills. Major Mutter — If P.B.C. had not
power to restrict, House certainly had to throw
out any bill. Mr. Sword—Withdrew resolution;
would bring it forward again differently worded.
Withdrawal allowed. Mr. Booth—Moves adoption of
the eighth report of the P.B.C. Committee thought
the best way would be to tax amount of water
used. This the Committee had no power to do and
therefore referred question to House. Committee in
view of large number of applications for water
privileges, " respectfully recommend " that Government introduce legislation dealing with question.
Premier—Committee should take ordinary course with
private bills ; if anything objectionable could report
to the House. Speaker ruled report out of order : no
authority for a committee to instruct House in public
policy ; House must instruct committee. Mr. Cotton
makes fine speech on behalf of conservation of
water rights as public assets of the province. Complains Government has no policy on water question;
Committee wanted instructions and it could not get
them. Premier—Why had not the P.B.C. pluck
enough to put their foot down when exhorbitant
demands for water were made ? Atty.-Gen's. motion
that the second reading of the Companies' Act be
discharged and referred to select committee, carried.
Atty.-Gen's. bill to. accelerate incorporation of cities
read a second time.   House adjourned at 5:30 p.m.
Thursday, 25th February, 2 p.m.—Reports from
committees adopted. Dr. Walkem—Gets on to depredations by defaulting registrars ; moves for details of
$22,596.14 passed last session in this respect; motion
carried. Committee on " Farmers' Institute " Bill
(Government measure). Mr. Semlin kicks at importation of " new animals." Have any been created lately?
Premier—Explains that " new animals-" don't mean
a new venture on the part of nature, but simply " new
to this province." Opposition fully satisfied.
" Kootenay Power & Light Company" Bill read first
time. Committee on Speedy Incorporation of Town
Bill—Rossland, Nelson, Grand Forks (Government
measure). A.-G.—Reads telegram Just received from
six Rosslanders praying that residential qualification of three months for Mayor and Aldermen be
struck out. No use ; clause carries ; Rossland and
Nelson authorized to spend each $50,000 on sanitary
measures ; Grand Forks, $20,000. Some: discussion
over Grand Forks. Mr. Speaker, on floor of House,
backs up recommendations. Mr. Hume moves new
subsection giving the three cities power to take all the
water they want from anywhere. Mr. Chairman—
" Shall the amendment pass?" (Stupendous cries of
"Aye"; " contrary if any " (none). Carried. A.-G.
—" What's that? Let me seethe amendment." (Too
late, too late ye cannot enter—(a protest—now.)
(Government visibly disconcerted.) Bill reported
complete with amendments. Revelstoke, Trout Lake
and Big Bend Telephone Co. (Mr. Kellie) incorporation bill read first time. Notices of motion—some
pretty hot ones.    House adjourns at 5:30. 122
THE   PROVINCE.
February 27th, 1897.
FROM WINNIPEG.
fTIHE provincial election in St. Boniface, to fill the
-*- seat vacated by J. E. P. Prendergast, is being
hotly contested. Mr. Lanzon, a Frenchman and a
Catholic, is the Conservative candidate. Mr. S. A. D.
Bertrand, also a Frenchman and a Catholic, is the
Liberal nominee. On Sunday the 14th of February,
Archbishop Langevin launched his commands to the
faithful. There was no mistaking the meaning of the
Archbishop's impassioned address. To appreciate its
force, it should be remembered that the elected candidate will represent in the Manitoba Legislature the
minority and will place on record the attitude of
Manitoba Catholics, when ratification of the School
Terms comes up for consideration, during the present
session.
After a bitter attack on those politicians who refused
to bow to the mandate of the Catholic Church, Mgr.
Langevin insisted that being a bishop he had a right
to speak, when religious interests were involved. His
words were : " You cannot in conscience vote for a
man who will accept this settlement. You cannot in
conscience support a man who is in favour of giving
this settlement even a temporary trial. You cannot
in conscience vote for a man who recognizes for his
chief a man who would impose this settlement on you.
Of course you are free to vote as you please, and if you
accept this settlement then leave us and follow another
chief. Be manly and treat the Church as you would
human institutions. . . . You must conform to
the regulations or you will be cut off from the roll. So
it is with the Church. H you wish to remain faithful
to the Mother Church, you know what your duty is at
the present crisis. You cannot vote for a man who
accepts this settlement."
Lest defection should be lurking among the priests,
the Archbishop turned to them and said : " I .wish my
priests who are here present to know that I reserve this
question to be dealt with by myself. You all know
what your duty is and though one were sent from
Heaven, you would not hear him. No pretexts will
avail you. Rome has spoken ; whom will you follow?
You must make your choice. Your choice lies between
the Church and her enemies."
With these words ringing in one's ears, through the
quaint, little, old-fashioned Cathedral of St. Boniface, a
most primitive town, only an easy effort of the fancy
is needed to conjure up mediaeval events, when men
were butchered for daring to think for themselves, and
the Church deposed kings and usurped conscience.
Mr. Bertrand, the Liberal candidate, numbers among
his supporters all the intelligent and progressive laymen ; but, unfortunately for him, this class is a mm-
ority of the minority.
So high does fanatical feeling run, the joint meetings
at first arranged by the candidates, had to be abandoned ; one Quebec Liberal, Mr. Brodeur, who came to
assist Mr. Bertrand, receiving very rough usage. Polling takes place on February 20th; and there can be
little doubt, considering the constituency and the
forces at work, which way the election will go. The
incidents serve,' at least, to show whether the Catholic
Church considers itself bound by political limitations.
The Manitoba Legislature opened on Thursday, Feb.
18th, the Speech from the Throne outlining legislation,
the most important of which is ratification of the
School Terms. The loudest protest from the minority
will not prevent this ratification, and though the
Church does not intend that the issue shall die, it is
hard to see how the final settlement of the vexatious
School Question can be prevented.
The Henley fund now amounts to $1,500, half the
amount required to send Winnipeg's crew to the great
regatta. A cablegram has been received from a gentleman of wealth inviting the crew to enjoy hospitality
under his roof during the stay in England.
WATCHMAN.
THE FARM.
TN reading an article entitled " Cheap Money," that
appeared in one of our provincial weekly papers a
short time ago, we could not but observe the laboured
efforts of the writer of that article to throw dust in the
eyes of the people as to the causes of the present movement among our agriculturists. After stating that
large borrowers on the American side can obtain, with
good security, all the money they want at one-and-a-
b °,lf per cent., there is given quite a lecture on good
behaviour, restoration of confidence, etc. As these
remarks could not apply to the farmers of British
Columbia, we might let them pass ; but the article in
question goes on to say : " To rail at the money power
and to defy the money power may afford gratification
for the moment to some of our people, but such a
policy will never invite loans or investments. Money
will never be employed under danger of loss or threat
of confiscation, etc." These statements are evidently
intended to include the British Columbia farmers who
are earnestly endeavouring to promote the development of the agricultural industry and the best interests of the province by their efforts to secure for their
brother farmers the advantages of obtaining loans at
reasonable rates of interest. Hence, knowing the
aims and objects of the men now engaged in the agitation for what we consider are the farmers' rights, we
take this opportunity of stating that they have neither
railed at the money power or thought of defying the
money power. We beg to assure the parties who
would thus criticize our action that we know only too
well that hundreds of our brother farmers are too
much in the power of the mortgagees 'for us to defy
the money power; and as surely we are not so foolish
as to indulge in a momentary gratification by railing
at the money power. No ; we realize the fact that
railing or vituperation is of no avail when it is a
question of home or- no home, and the means of
making a livelihood for a greatTnumber of our pioneer
farmers. Further, we feel that as the money has been
advanced in good faith on mortgage £o our farmers, so
we are anxious to pay one hundred cents on the dollar
in full, and hence repudiate the idea of confiscation.
The farmer is not built that way. He is, generally
speaking, found to be thoroughly honest and desirous
of paying his honest debts; but when, to preserve a
roof over the heads of himself and family he is compelled to pay a rate of interest on his loan out of all
proportion to the value of the money, and that leaves
but a bare subsistence for himself and family, other
debts are often neglected. In this agitation the aim
has been to say nothing against anyone, simply to
show that the farmers of British Columbia have a
grievance ; nevertheless, although a serious grievance,
one that can be readily remedied, and that without
affecting the interests of any other portion of the community, we consider the security offered is of the very
best, and only ask for an opportunity to help ourselves in providing a way out of the existing difficulty.
Still it is not surprising that the farmer's efforts to
secure certain rights to enable him to exist on the
land he has wrested from Mother Nature should be
questioned. It is rather unusual to see any movement of reform originate from this quarter. The
farmer has hitherto been content to attend to his farm,
and paying interest, taxes, etc., and in a great measure
allow others to do his thinking for him ; but now the
shoe pinches so hard that he is compelled to assert
himself, hence the disapproval manifested in different
quarters. Judging from the remarks of several
prominent papers, a person unacquainted with the
history of the farmers' agitation for the privileges they
believe they are entitled to would be led to believe
that they advocated the inauguration of some pernicious, criminal and revolutionary proceedings with
a view to accomplishing the objects they have in view.
AGRICOLA. February 27th, 1897.
THE   PROVINCE.
123
FROM PARIS.
TPRANCE indulges in a good deal of Pharisaism over
*- the loss civilization is likely to sustain by the
opposition of the American Senate to ratify the Arbitration Treaty. There is always something pleasing
in the misfortunes of our best friends. Thd journals,
and the best of them in point of standing, ask, why
should America accept conditions to regulate differences, when she can always squeeze out of England
■the settlements she desires? Why should she deprive
herself of a weapon, in the name of a principle simply,
that can be turned against a possible enemy of tomorrow, who ultimately yields to her terms? The
writers add, that the Senatorial resistance shows that
race and language have but little fraternity among
Anglo-Saxons. The Sear and autocracy constitute
perhaps a more congenial amalgamation with Saul
and democracy. Of course Canada is selected as the
great weapon the States can wield against Britain—
the old, old story—because there the English fleet
would be valueless. No one exactly expected the war
ships would take through tickets from Montreal to
Vancouver. However, there are many roads that lead
to Rome. The incident is but another illustration of
the profound jealousy of English power, wealth and
self-reliance.
It is indifference to the Boulevard politicians which
makes the French so envious of and disagreeable towards England^ for the only opinion in France is that
to be extracted from the journals which are the property of financiers. There are no public meetings in
France in the English sense, more's the pity. The cue
of England is to treat the stereotyped belittlings good-
humouredly; to show that she is what Thiers said of
himself when fulminations fell thickly upon him, an
old umbrella accustomed to a long experience of bad
weather. The steady, plodding, arming up of the
British Empire of course causes uneasiness. The defences of the Empire are 'accepted as formidable—
another cause of grief to continental rivals, who are
not quite sure if her objective be France or Germany.
Possibly both, as each merits an argus eye. No authoritative study has yet been published of the comparative values of the French and German navies.
The popular opinion is that the first is not what it
ought to be; suffers from absence of modernism, and
the lack of continuity in direction. But dogged, bull-
dogged perseverance, has never been, and never will
be, a French virtue. If anything is to be accomplished
by a rush, or effected by spontaneous ebullition of
boiling enthusiasm, Frenchmen are to the fore—that
is furiafrancese, as the Italians have it. He, Monsieur,
carries the same principle into love : he will proclaim
his devotion to a lady for .five minutes, propose for her
hand, and marry her within the next fifteen. Then
the charm vanishes, the butterfly disappears. The
German fleet is not accepted as equal to that of France,
but it is all modern, like the machinery in Teutonic
industry. There is no new plant to be laid down.
France is deficient in arsenals ; she has really but
three, Toulon, Brest and Chefbourg. She is building
an iron-clad, the Jeanne D'Arc, which is of such
dimensions that only the Brest dock-yard can accommodate her. In establishing arsenals along her seaboard, England quadruples the power of her fleets.
There her ships can put in for shelter and repairs;
deliver prizes, and her grey-hound cruisers dart in and
out as if playing at hide-go-seek. Excepting the two
new passenger boats plying between Dieppe and New
Haven, France has no rapid cruisers to fire and scud.
Europe continues with folded arms, awaiting the
solution of the Turkish difficulty; that is, to ascertain
what are the coercive measures agreed upon by the
Ambassadors. They are praised for arranging. the
non-presentation of their reform bill till after the
Ramazan, or Turkish Lent.    The Sultan could well
utilize that boiling and bubbling period of Islam fanaticism, to connive at fresh massacres. There is no
Carnival prior to the Turkish Lent, so Abdul-Hamid
is spared the possibility of regarding the collective
note of the Ambassadors as a Tract for the Times.
At last we have the right word for the production of
babies in France. It is called " Viriculture," or the
science of raising children. Now it is accepted, that
so long as a possible papa and a mamma will have no
interest in having children, neither will become
| Viriculturists," so disqualified to be decorated with
the order of mSrite agricole. CANDIDE.
The Leading Seed Store.—82 Douglas Street.
4-17
FRILLS AND FURBELOWS.
THERE are to be five Drawing Rooms this year, two
of which will be held before Easter, the first one
late in February, and the second early in March. At
both the Princess of Wales will represent Her Majesty.
The number of presentations has been limited to two
hundred on each occasion. In all probability the
Queen will hold the third Drawing Room herself, when
she will receive the diplomatic body. The Prince of
Wales has postponed his visit to the Reviera in order
to be present at the first Drawing Room, after which
he will join his yacht, the Brittania, which is now on
her way to the Mediterranean.
Everyone is looking forward with great interest to
Dr. Nansen's visit to England. He is accompanied
by Mrs. Nansen. Sir George Baden-Powell and a distinguished party will welcome, them. Some relics of
his late expedition will be on view at St. George's
Gallery, in Grafton street, next week, a Kayak and
sledges have already come over from Norway. There
will also be all the originals of the pictures which will
later be seen in the great explorer's book.
Last Tuesday, at the Sesame Club, Miss Achurch
read a paper on the proposition " that the Drama is a
higher form of art than the novel." It was a sorry
time to uphold the Drama, precisely at the period when
musical comedy- and melo-drama is all that the stage
offers of modern work. Miss Achurch did what she
could for her cause, but Mr. Bland, in his opposition
speech, struck nearer the truth, that the period of the
drama is not the present period ; that in each age art
takes its own peculiar form, and that to the present
day belongs the novel, which as a truer, fuller, expositor of life, takes precedence of the drama.
A meeting was held at Devonshire House, to discuss
the women's exhibits at the forthcoming exhibition at
Earl's Court. The new buildings, which are to be
devoted exclusively to women's work, will, it is estimated by Mr. Imre Kiralfy, cost about £6,000. There
is to be a large picture gallery. Mrs. Normand, (better
known under her artistic name, Henrietta Rae),.has
undertaken the Fine Arts; Lady Jeune, Industrial
Work, and the Countess of Warwick, Educational
Work done during the last sixty years.
One of the prettiest plays to go and see just now, is
the little French piece without words, " A. Pierrot's
Life." The music by M. Costa is quite lovely. The
French are experienced pantomimists. Pantomime is
an art which needs culture, and plenty of gesture, and
comes almost naturally to them ; nevertheless Miss
Kitty Loftus has just essayed the important part of
Louisette, the little milliner who is so badly treated
by Pierrot, with great success. Mr. Pineros' new comedy is not expected to see the light before Easter. It
is called "The Princess and the Butterfly." The
anonymous play, " The Enchantress," is causing endless speculation as to who the unknown author may
be. Perhaps he (or possibly she, rumour has once
assigned it to Miss Frances Forbes-Robertson) is
cautiously waiting to see what sort of a reception it is
likely to meet with next week, before he gives himself
away.   This is not an age when lights are hidden
Lawrence's Cafe open Sunday for dinner between 10 and 2
and 5 and 8. 4-11 124
THE   PROVINCE.
February 27th, 1897.
under bushels, and a little patient waiting and the
authorship will be revealed.
The book which is doing one of the largest kales just
now, we were told by a loquacious bookseller the other
day, is "the Babe B.A." by Mr. E. F. Bensor. The
Babe is a very witty undergraduate, and worthy to
rank as Dodo's brother.
This week we see order following upon the chaotic
confusion of the past few weeks in the shops. They
are once more in a normal condition, after the sales,
and we are able to form a pretty general idea as to
spring fashions. The coming skirts are decidedly
revolutionary ; the trimmed skirt is trying hard to
insinuate itself into feminine favour, attractive on
account of the ingenuity displayed in myriad adornments of insertion, frills and lace. It appears with
horizontal flounces, with narrow frills, edged with
ribbon, velvet, etc. Then there is a variation in the
accordian skirt, known as the sun-pleated skirt; the
material is not unnecessarily full at the top. There
seems almost an embarras de richesse in the skirts with
a foundation of silk, covered with a full soft skirt of
chiffon, which is again partially hidden by a flounce,
the depth of the skirt of delicate real lace. The effect
is wonderfully soft and pretty. We have seen a few
of the new specimen hat shapes. The faithful sailor
hat is of course with us, in bass, and other light-
straws. The crown has again increased markedly in
height, and the broad velvet band seems to be replacing
ribbon. The pretty, rough straws, in the brightest
colours, will be all in vogue. It is said that a large
home industry which might easily be carried on in the
cottages is passing rapidly out of the country, as nearly
all the straw plaits used in England are imported
ready for use from Japan, China, Italy, and other
places. It is interesting to see the women forming the
plaits into hats and bonnets.
FRIVOLIA.
CORRESPONDENCE.
We do not hold ourselves   responsible for the opinions which .
may be expressed in this column.
THE CHINESE QUESTION.
TO THE EDITOR:—An item in your issue of the 13th inst.,
copied from the Nanaimo Mail, contains the following
statement: "A prominent gentleman present said that Col-
man was speaking in favour of Chinese and getting $50 a
month for doing it, which assertion was not denied."
To one who has been abused and misrepresented as I have
been during the present outbreak of sinophobia, the foregoing
false statement is only one more drop in^the cup, which I am
willing to drink if the cause of justice can be promoted thereby.
I attended the fcnti-Mongolian meeting from beginning^ to
end, but I have no recollection of having heard the assertion
made which I have quoted above; if I had heard it I should
certainly have tried to deny it, though I am not sure that I
would have been allowed an opportunity.
One speaker, if my ears did not deceive me, called me a
"cowardly, blasphemous liar"; another said I was a "disgrace to tbe whife race"; one of the audience called me a
" liar " several times, and an "infernal liar" once; another
said " Your name is filthy." I tried a number of times to get
in a word of denial or explanation, but the audience refused
to allow me to speak, and once the chairman said to me:
"Do you wish, Mr. Oolman, to turn this meeting into a war
of words between you and other gentlemen? " To which I
promptly answered: '' No, sir ! "
From this you and your readers will see how politely and
fairly I was treated by the speakers and the audience at that
meeting; every insult hurled at me, every abusive epithet
heaped upon me, was applauded to the echo. In justice to
the chairman I must say he tried to get me a' fair hearing
during the fifteen minutes I was allowed to speak.
It is just possible, if the assertion was made at all, that the
'' prominent gentleman " referred to meant to say that I
received $50 a month for speaking to the Chinese, meaning
that as a missionary I received that amount as salary. As a
matter of fact I receive $60 a month salary as a missionary to
the Chinese in British Columbia; but I am not paid one cent
by anyone for defending the Chinese against cruel, heartless
misrepresentation. On the contrary, I have not only spent
time and Btrength in their defence, but also my own money
in buying back numbers of the World and other publications,
that I might know what had been said on the Chinese question.
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MENTION "THE   PROVINCE:

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