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Fifteenth annual report of the Vancouver Board of Trade. 1901-1902 Vancouver Board of Trade 1902

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 Fifteenth Annual Report 
of the 
Vancouver 
Board of Trade 
1901-1902 
Vancouver, British Columbia
Canada
NEWS-ADVERTISER
PRINTERS
CAMBIE   STREET,   VANCOUVER,  B.C.    Fifteenth Annual Report 
of the 
Vancouver 
Board of Trade 
1901-1902 
Vancouver, British Columbia
Canada
NEWS-ADVERTISER
PRINTERS
CAMBIE   STREET,   VANCOUVER,  B.C. OFFICERS.
PAST  PRESIDENTS.
1887-88...D. Oppenheimer (dec.) 1894-95..
1888-89...D. Oppenheimer (dec.) 1895-96..
1889-90...E. V. Bodwell (dec.) 1896-97..
1890-91...R. H. Alexander. 1897-98..
1861-92... John Hendry. 1898-99..
1892-93...G. E. Berteatjx (dec.) 1899-00..
1892-93...W. F. Salsbury. 1900-01..
1893-94...J. C. Keith. 1901-02..
.G. R. Major.
.H. Bell-Irving.
.H. Bell-Irving.
.wm. godfrey.
.Wm. Godfrey.
.C. E. Tisdall.
.P. Buscombe.
.P. F. Burns.
OFFICERS   FOR   1902-1903.
PRESIDENT.
W. H. Malkin.
VICE-PRESIDENT.
A. O. Campbell.
SECRETARY.
Wm. Skene.
R. H. Alexander.
H. Bell-Irving.
William Braid.
F. F. Burns.
F. Buscombe.
council.
F. Carter-Cotton.
Fred. Cockburn.
A. B. Erskinb.
Wm. Godfrey.
W. G. Harvey.
W. H. Ker.
H. T. LOCKYER.
W. F. Salsbury.
Campbell Sweeny.
C. E. Tisdall.
BOARD   OF   ARBITRATION.
R. H. Alexander.
H. Bell-Irving.
William Braid.
F. F. Burns.
F. Buscombe.
Fred. Cockburn.
A. B. Erskine.
W. G. Harvey.
H. T. Lockyer.
W. F. Salsbury.
Campbell Sweeny.
C. E. Tisdall. STANDING COMMITTEES, 1902-1903.
The First Name on Each to be Convener.
LEGISLATION.
C. E. Tisdall, Chas. Wilson, R. G. Tatlow.
RAILWAY   AND    NAVIGATION.
F. F. Burns. R. H. Alexander, W. F. Salsbury,
J. M. Whitehead.
FREIGHT  RATES.
W. J. McMillan,   W. H. Ker,   A. B. Erskine,  W. E. Drake.
TRADE  AND   COMMERCE.
F. Buscombe,  Chas. A. Godson,  Wm. Braid,  W. G. Harvey,
Wm. Godfrey,  H. T. Lockyer, Fred. Cockburn,
Jas. Ramsay,  R. J. Leckie.
FISHERIES.
H. Bell-Irving,  G. I. Wilson,  E. E. Evans.
mines.
E. P. Gllman,  Chas. E. Hope,  C. F. Law,   J. B. McLaren.
BOARD   ROOMS  AND  SECRETARY'S   OFFICE. .
Molsons Building, Hastings Street, Vancouver, B. C,
Canada.          Annual Report, 1901-1902. 11-
fifteenth
Annual Meeting
OF THE
Vancouver Board of Trade,
MARCH 4TH, 1902.
PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS.
To the Members of the Vancouver Board of Trade :
Gentlemen,—It is gratifying to be able to report a
year of great activity on the part of this Board, and
that a number of important matters to which our attention had been given have since received due recognition
by the proper authorities, and .have been arranged to
our satisfaction.
Business for. the past year in some lines, particularly
in the case of firms -who have large dealings -with the-
interior sections of the country, has not been satisfactory
owing to the prolonged strike of the miners in Kootenay,*.
however, now that these troubles are settled for the time-
being, it is hoped that the trade derived by Vancouver
from that source will be very much augmented during
the current year.
It is to be regretted that the Membership has fallen
off considerably during the year, no less than twenty-one- 12 Vancouver Board of Trade
members having left the city and one deceased. By the
death of Mr. J. C. McLagan, the Board has lost an able
.and well-informed member, who, during the twelve years
of his connection withthe Vancouver Board of Trade, was
.always ready to contribute to its deliberations the benefit
■of the vast stores of information which he possessed.
The Board has also lost, through removal from the
■city, two of the most active members of its Council, in
the persons of Mr. Pellew-Harvey, removed to London,
England, and Mr. F. M. Black, removed to Nelson, B. C.
As a recoenition of the valuable services rendered to the
-community by the former of these two gentlemen, in
working up the Provincial Assay Office until the Dominion Purchasing Assay Office was established in our
midst, the Board presented to Mr. Pellew-Harvey a gold
watch and chain suitably engraved, and it is also pleasing to record that to Mr. F. M. Black before he lelt the
-city a presentation of valuable books was made by his
fellow members in the Council.
The Financial position of the Board, taking into
.account the heavy extra expenses for the year caused by
removal to new quarters, contribution to Assay Fund,
and other items, is satisfactory, but I would recommend
that a special effort be made to induce eligible new members to join, as -with the present revenue and expenses
there is little or no margin for contingencies that may
arise, after providing for the cost of the Annual Report.
The net cost of this Report for last year was $538.70 for
4,050 copies, as compared with $409.81 for 3,000 copies
in the previous year.
Shortly after the last Annual Meeting, the Board
moved into these new quarters, which have been found,
as anticipated, to be a great improvement over the old
rooms both as regards convenience of access and freedom
from extraneous noise. Annual Report, 1901-1902. IS
The following matters, among many others of less
importance, have come under the consideration of the
Board during the year:
Mail service to Sound Cities via SS. "Mainlander."
Encouragement of Ship Building in British Columbia,
Insolvency Legislation.
(a.) Creditors' Trust Deed Act, 1901.
(b.) Amendment to Bill of Sale Act.
(c.)  Act to prevent priority among execution creditors.
Fire Insurance rates in Vancouver.
Decimal Weights and Measures.
Reciprocity in Intercolonial trade.
The establishment of a Dominion Government Assay
Office in Vancouver.
Appointment of a resident Supreme Court Judge.
Appointment of a County Court Judge for Vancouver.
Fishery dispute on the Fraser River.
Metlakahtla Fire Relief.
Meeting with Mr.  McLean,   Government  Commissioner on Railway rate grievances.
Freight facilities by Transfer Barge to Lady smith
and Extension.
Mail subsidy to Steamers carrying Yukon and Northern Mails.
Canadian interests in Deep Sea Fisheries of Pacific
Coast. 14 Vancouver Board of Trade
New Custom House Building for Vancouver.
Preference by Great Britain to products of Canada
and other Colonies if any duties should be imposed on imports by the Imperial Parliament.
Subjects to be brought to the attention ot the Dominion Board of Trade at the approaching session.
Increased pay to local Letter Carriers.
Dominion Government Assay Office.
The establishment of this institution in our midst, for
-which the Board has been so earnestly striving for some
-time, was accomplished about the middle of the year, and
•on the 29th July the office was opened for business.    Up
to the 31st December the amount of gold brought to this
-city exceeded that of any other year, and I am informed
that the amount assayed to date is very large, and included gold not only from the Yukon, but from Cariboo,
Lillooet, Kootenay, Edmonton, and even from points as
far east as Rat Portage, Ont.
■*&••
The gold produced in the Canadian Yukon Territory
last year was over $20,000,000 in value, but a considerable proportion of this had been shipped down the Yukon
river destined for Seattle and San Francisco before the
Dominion Assay Office was opened in Vancouver. This
condition of affairs will, it is expected, be improved when
the coming season opens and the 1 per cent, rebate of
royalty, which the Government decided to allow on
Yukon gold coming to this office accompanied by the
-original royalty receipt will have its full effect.
The Mint.
The Government are also to be congratulated upon
having had the plans completed and having provided the Annual Report, 1901-1902. 15
-sum of $300,000 for the erecting in Ottawa of a branch
of the Imperial mint. This cannot fail to have a very
beneficial effect in providing a profitable outlet for the
gold purchased at the Government Assay Office, and also
-in replacing by Canadian coins, minted in our own
country, a considerable proportion, if not all, of the
American silver circulating so profusely in our Province
.at the present time.
Lumber.
During 1901 the Vancouver shipments of lumber to
-foreign ports aggregated 34,074,000 feet, a considerable
-falling off from the total of the previous year, when they
amounted to over 43,000,000 feet.
During the latter half of the year, although the
volume of business done was satisfactory enough, the
-trade -was not very remunerative owing to strong competition in prices. Prospects for the year just started are
better, both as regards output and prices, and enquiries
are beginning to revive from China and South Africa, and
now that affairs are settling down after the war in both
countries, they are likely soon to become once more good
markets for our lumber.
The bountiful harvest in the Northwest has had a
good effect on lumber shipments in that direction.
The shingle manufacturing part of the business has
been very prosperous indeed, and quite a number of new
mills for this purpose are going up in our vicinity, largely
-encouraged by the recent act of the Provincial Legislature
prohibiting the export of logs. The American shingle
manufacturers in the State of Washington had been
•depending to a large degree for cedar upon the British
•Columbia forests, and now that this supply has been cut 16 Vancouver Board of Trade
off, I understand the price of cedar logs across the border
has gone up considerably, and our manufacturers will
thus be on a better footing to compete with them in the
Eastern markets.
It is interesting to note that of the thirty-three ships-
carrying the above-mentioned amount of lumber cargo to
foreign ports last year only six -were British, while twelve-
were American-owned, and the remaining fifteen belonged
to various other nationalities. The disadvantages which
our mill-owners labor under in having to depend so largely
for vessels upon our neighbors to the south, -who are also
their chief competitors in the trade, has already been
pointed out, and it is to be hoped that the Provincial and
Dominion Governments -will before long grant assistance
to the shipbuilding industry, as has been suggested, in
order that this state of affairs may be remedied.
Mining.
The mining returns for 1901 are not yet published,,
but notwithstanding the prolonged strike in the Rossland
district, it is expected that the total output will show a
substantial increase over that of 1900.
The mines in the Boundary District have been particularly active all through the year, and a new record
output of ore for that district of 9,467 tons for a single
-week has only last week been made. Of this great
quantity the Granby smelter at Grand Forks treated
4,753 tons and the Greenwood smelter 1,455 tons.
A large smelter is also being erected by the Sullivan
Mining & Smelting Co., near Cranbrook, to treat the
silver lead ores of the East Kootenay District, and this-
company also intends to refine the lead, and may shortly   Annual Report, 1901-1902. IT
put in a plant to manufacture white lead, red lead and
'other products of this metal..
At the Trail smelter, also, a refinery for lead is at
present being fitted up, so that the bonus of $5.00 per
ton, which the Dominion Government has lately offered
on lead refined in Canada, is thus early proving a great
encouragement to the development of our mineral
resources.
At the Coast there have been important developments
taking place, particularly at the Mount Sicker District on
the east coast of Vancouver Island, and about forty miles
from Vancouver. A smelter is being erected at Osborne
Bay, close to these mines, and another smelter at Lady-
. smith, somewhat further north on the same coast.
Atlin still continues to show considerable activity
among the list of our placer mining districts.
Coal mining during the past year has been marked
by two very deplorable disasters, viz., at Union and
at Extension on Vancouver Island,-where, owing to explosions in the -workings, many lives "were lost. Owing to-
this cause, and also to strikes during the year, the output
-will not likely be so great as in the preceding year.
San Francisco still continues to be our largest market
for this commodity, over 75 per cent, of the coal mined on
Vancouver Island being shipped to California, where, I
am informed, it commands $2.00 per ton more than any
other coal mined on the Pacific Coast. The oil which,
abounds in that State does not yet appear to make much
appreciable difference in the demand for British Columbia
coal.
The output of coal in the Crow's Nest District continues to grow in volume, and the coke there prepared,
besides   supplying   our   own  smelters   throughout   the
I 18 Vancouver Board of Trade
Boundary and Kootenay Districts, is exported in considerable quantities to the contiguous States of the Union.
Salmon Canning.
The salmon pack on the Fraser river for last season
w-as the largest on record, totalling 990,252 cases for the
49 canneries in operation.
In northern British Columbia waters the pack was,
however, not so large as usual—245,904 cases, against
279,826 in the previous year.
Owing to the low prices offering on the London market, where the Alaskan pack (also larger than ever this
year) enters into competition with our fish, the results of
the season's operations are likely to prove rather discour- -
.aging to those engaged in this business.
Early this year Professor Prince, as chairman of a
-special commission appointed by the Dominion Government to enquire into the salmon fishing industry in British
Columbia, came to this Coast and held sittings in Vancouver and other places. The canners brought to his
attention very strongly the question of the Americans
catching in traps the salmon on their way to the Fraser
river, while by present regulations our people are not
allowed to employ any device of this nature. They further
pointed out that these salmon before entering American
waters passed close to the southern shores of Vancouver
Island, where they could as easily be trapped in this
fashion, and the shoals broken up so that they could not
be so profitably caught in traps by the canners of Puget
Sound. It would appear as if this plan, with the continuance of the close period of one day, or, if necessary, even
two days per week for net fishing on the river itself, would
be likely to allow Canadian cannerymen to reap to a
fuller extent the benefit of the fish hatched in our own Annual Report, 1901-1902. 19
rivers. It is to be hoped that this, together with the
question of the establishment of further hatcheries for
salmon, another important matter on which evidence
was given before the commission, may receive the early
attention of the Government, and that lasting good to
this Province may result.
While Professor Prince was here the opportunity was
taken of inviting him to meet the council of the Board
and discuss the question of the deep sea fisheries of this-
Coast, -with which subject the professor showed intimate
knowledge, and I trust that this source of wealth may
also be thoroughly safeguarded in the near future for the
benefit of Canadian ports.
Customs and  Inland  Revenue, &c.
Below are shown the Customs and Inland revenue
returns for the Port of Vancouver, British Columbia, for
1901, as compared with 1900 :—
IMPORTS,   1900.
Dutiable $3,338,591 00
Free      925,794 00
Total $4,264,385 00
IMPORTS,  1901.
Dutiable $3,103,313 00
Free  1,029,783 00
Total $4,133,096 00
Showing a decrease of $131,289.00.
CUSTOMS REVENUE.
Duty collected in 1900 $   940,005 01
" 1901   1,076,541 36
Showing an increase of $   136,536 35
Exports for the year 1900 $2,411,749 00
|    1902 "   2,797,503 00
Showing an increase of $   385,754 00-
J/ 20 Vancouver Board of Trade
INLAND REVENUE.
Collections for the year 1901 $272,767 80
I    1900   304,410 96
Decrease for 1901 $ 31,643 16
The Vancouver bank clearings -were as follows:—
1900 $46,644,098 00
1901   47,006,211 00
Increase for 1901 $    362,113 00
Shipping.
The Canadian Pacific Railway line of steamers to
China and Japan continues to carry safely across the
-ocean large cargoes and an ever-increasing stream of passengers. This service has recently been supplemented by
the steamers " Tartar " and " Athenian," -which are now
Royal Mail steamers running on a regular schedule, thus
providing five regular liners for the route.
The Australian trade, assisted by the fine steamship
service now maintained by the Union Steamship Company
of New Zealand, continues to grow, and should the mail
subsidy be renewed and Australian tariff legislation prove
favorable, I believe it is the intention of this Company to
put on even larger and faster boats in the near future.
During the past year the Directors of more than one
of the larger ocean steamship lines have had their eyes on
Vancouver as a likely port to suit their requirements, in
view of the possibility of their embarking upon the Pacific
ocean to take advantage of the expanding trade in the
Far East, now that affairs there are somewhat more settled than they have been for some little time.
The coastwise trade, particularly between Vancouver
and Skaguay, has been remarkable this year for the number of accidents, the most serious of which was the loss of Annual Report, 1901-1902. 21
the steamship " Islander," with a number of valuable
lives, towards the end of the season. This disaster was
the more regrettable as this swift steamer had, with the
steamer " Hating," belonging to the same Company, been
building up for the Canadian Pacific Navigation Company
.a reputation for speed and comfort -which the travelling
public had been quick to realize, with the result that these
"boats -were very popular, not only with our own countrymen, but even -with passengers for Seattle and the other
Sound cities, who could often save a day or more by taking one of these steamers in. preference to the liners of
which those places were the home ports. It is satisfactory
to learn that there is every likelihood of the "Islander "
being replaced by an even finer steamer at an early date,
and that the ''Hating " has been refitted in readiness for
the approaching season. The "Hating" is now known
as the " Princess May."
The trade carried by steamers plying to local points
-still continues to grow, but there appears to be a good
opening for a boat to run, say twice a -week, direct from
Vancouver to the different settlements on the islands lying to the southwest in the Gulf of Georgia, and also to
call at Osborne Bay and other adjacent points on the east
coast of Vancouver Island, where important developments are taking place.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Company is at present
engaged extending its already very impressive line of
-wharves by a further 600 feet, to meet the increasing requirements of the steamers which berth there.
Shipments of Grain -From Alberta.
The important question of making Vancouver a point
for trans-shipment of grain grown in this part of the
Canadian Northwest has lately been brought before our
notice by the Edmonton Board of Trade, and a committee 22 Vancouver Board of Trade
of this Board has been appointed to look into the matter.
It certainly seems that, if granted suitable freight rates,
the haulage of a large proportion of this crop (which last
year amounted in Alberta to 8,000,000 bushels) should
properly occur Westward over the eight hundred miles
which intervene between Vancouver and that Province,,
instead of a distance of about three thousand miles by
rail to the ports on the Atlantic seaboard. The American
ports of Tacoma and Portland ow.e a very large measure
of their prosperity to the handling of the grain cargoes
there loaded, and this industry also brings in its train a
corresponding volume of trade in ship supplies of all kinds
which -would be of great value to our merchants.
Agriculture.
This industry still continues to thrive, but notwithstanding the increased amount of farm produce raised in
the Province, a very considerable proportion of the agricultural products used are still imported. By the aid of
lectures delivered under the auspices of the Farmers'
Institutes now established in nearly all the agricultural
sections of the country, a great deal of valuable informa
tion is conveyed to those engaged in the industry, which
is having a beneficial effect in improving the methods-
employed by them.
Larger tracts of the rich delta lands on both sides of
the Fraser River are being each year reclaimed by means
of dykes, to the formation of which the Government contributes liberally. During last year a condensed milk
factory was established at Mission Junction, which I
understand is proving a success.
Cigar tobacco is being produced in increasing quantities at Kelowna, in the Okanagan District, where a cigar
factory is also being successfully operated. Annual Report, 1901-1902. 23
The production of fruit in this Province is yearly on
the increase, owing to the numerous orchards which have
been set out during the last few years coming into bearing
order, and the growers are studying improved methods
of packing, -which assist them in marketing their crop.
Railways.
Railway development during the past year has been
very active in the Boundary District, "where lines have
been laid "which "will prove exceedingly useful for conveying
ore from the various mines to the smelters of the district.
I •
A line of railway is projected to run from New Westminster and Vancouver through Cassiar to the Yukon,
.and the Great Northern system of America is expected
very shortly to have its own rails laid into Vancouver.
The same Company is at present engaged extending its
line down the south bank of the Fraser River to its
mouth, there to connect by ferry with the Victoria and
Sydney Railway at its northern terminus on Vancouver
Island. A short fine which has been talked of to run
from Nanaimo to Alberni,. would, if constructed, prove
very useful in opening up the mining sections on the West
•Coast of Vancouver Island.
The direct railway from the Coast to Kootenay,
■which would mean so much to the prosperity of our own
-city, and in -which so much interest has already been
shown, still continues to be a matter of the future.
The Dominion Government last year sent out Professor S. J. McLean as Commissioner to enquire into
freight-rate grievances, and our Board had the pleasure
of meeting with him, and brought before him various
matters in this regard which our merchants thought
-deserved attention. 24 Vancouver Board of Trade 
Principal among these were the excessive rates charged
by the White Pass & Yukon Railway Company on freight
destined for Dawson.
As a result of these enquiries, it is satisfactory to note
that the above-mentioned Company has been induced to
moderate its tariff very considerably, which will put our
wholesale merchants in a better position to compete for
the Northern trade with the merchants of Seattle and San
Francisco, who largely send in their goods by the St.
Michael-Yukon route.
City.
Vancouver still continues to grow, and the value of
new buildings constructed last year, although not so
great as in the preceding year, is still very considerable.
There were actually commenced during the year, not to
speak of unfinished buildings -which were under construction at the end of 1900, new buildings to the value of
$833,826.00.
The number of inhabitants as shown by the census-
taken last summer proved somewhat of a disappointment, these figures being 26,123, "while it "was thought
they -would approach nearer to 30,000.
During the past year the City has acquired by deed
from the Government the right to the foreshore and tidal
flats of False Creek, which property will, without doubt*
prove a very valuable asset in years to come. It behooves
the citizens to devise very judiciously what steps shall be
taken from time to time to improve and turn to best
advantage, looking always well ahead, this important
heritage. Who can tell but that twenty-five years from
now the shores of this Creek may have been converted
into magnificent wharves, at which will lie steamships
from all parts of the world discharging their cargoes into   Annual Report, 1901-1902. 25
-stately warehouses, such as -we see in older cities -which
have not had the comparatively phenomenal growth that
-up to now has been the fortune of Vancouver ?
Our Board has again brought to the attention of the
Government the pressing need for an adequate new post
office and custom house building, the present edifice having
long since proved entirely too small for the purpose, -which
necessitates a number of the departments having to be
accommodated in adjacent properties on which rentals
have to be paid.
The Revenue contributed by Vancouver, according to
the last report of the Postmaster General, still shows a
-satisfactory increase, and now, in addition to the European Oriental mails, those for the Yukon and the northern
parts of British Columbia are handled at this office.
A dead-letter office is now also being established in
Vancouver.
In almost ideal weather, about the end of last Sep-.
-tember, their Royal Highnesses, the Duke and Duchess of
York, now Prince and Princess of Wales, paid our city a
visit, during which they formally opened the new drill hall.
The Oriental Labor Commission, which spent some
time on this coast last year, has now made its report to
the Dominion government, which appears to favor the
raising of the poll tax on Chinese entering the country.
This recommendation, if acted upon, should prove of
great benefit to the working population of our province in
■ particular, where the Chinese compete so strongly in the
labor market.
An important meeting will shortly be held in London,
England, about the time of the Coronation, at which the
premiers of Britain's self-governing colonies will discuss
J/ 1
26 Vancouver Board of Trade
tariff matters and other questions of vital importance to
Greater Britain.
In conclusion, I would desire to express my thanks
for the courtesy shown me during my term of office, by
every member of the Board.
FRED. F. BURNS,
President. Annual Report, 1901-1902. 27
SECRETARY'S  REPORT.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT.
1st January to 31st December, 1901.
RECEIPTS.
1901.
Jan.   1—Balance 31st December, 1900 $    934 87
Dec. 31—Dues collected $ 1,910 25
"       Entrance Fees  55 00
Rent of Rooms  41 0J
 $2,006 25
$ 2,941 12
EXPENDITURE.
Dec. 31—Printing and Stationery $ 129 16
Postage and Sundries  110 06
Caretaker  24 50
Gas and Electric Light  10 39
Telegrams  59 26
Telephone  56 00
Advertising  19 20
Rent and Removal Expenses  253 35
Insurance (3 years)  18 20
Secretary  695 00
Total Ordinary Expenses $ 1,375 12
-Annual Report.
Gross Cost 4050 Copies $    748 50
Postage, etc  40 10
788 60
Deduct Grant from Provincial Gov.       250 00
NettCost $    538 60
Special Expenses.
Delegation to Ottawa and Cablegram
re Ship-building $      43 30
Committee on Assignment Act to Victoria  34-50
Special Assay Fund  265 00
Presentation to W. Pellew-Harvey  100 00
Lecture on Tasmania  26 70
 $    469 50
Carried forward $ 2,383 22 28 Vancouver Board of Trade
Brought forward $ 2,383 22:
Furniture and Library.
Furniture $ 149 05
Brass Door Plate  35 00
Electric Fittings.■ ••• 18 40
Binding B.C. Gazette, 1889-1900  32 25
6  $     234 70
Balance—Cash on hand $      27 00
Bank Balance, B.B.N.A        296 20
$     323 20
$ 2,941 12
BALANCE SHEET.
LIABILITIES.
1901.
Dec. 31—To Dues Paid in Advance $        9 00
" Accounts Owing  13 19
 $      24 19
Balance Surplus     1,840 01
$ 1,862 20
ASSETS.
Dec. 81—Balance Bank of B.N.A $    296 20
Cash on hand  27 00
 $    323 20
Dues in Arrears (good)        239 00-
Furniture valued at        300 00
Library     1,000 00
$ 1,862 20
SPECIAL  ACCOUNT.
DR.
1901.
Jan.    1—To Deposit Receipt $    219 25
July 26— | Interest 1  6 70
 $    225 95
CR.
July 26-—Contribution   per   Bishop   Ridley   to
Metlakathla Fire $    225 95 Annual Report, 1901-1902. 29
MEMORANDUM   OF  SPECIAL   ASSAY   OFFICE   FUND.
RECEIPTS.
Collected on Call of 50 per cent $ 2,597 00
Board of Trade        265 00
 $ 2,862 00
PEsf EXPENDITURE.
Assay Charges on $79,994 10 $   j 268 34
Total Cost of Advertising, Postage, etc        619 26-
Refuhd of Payments over 50 per cent $     106 75
"      of 75 per cent on 50 per cent, call    1,867 65
 $ 1,974 40
$ 2,862 00-
(Signed)   WM. SKENE,
Secretary- 30
Vancouver Board of Trade
EXTRACTS FROM MINUTES.
DEEP   PLACER   MINING.
At the general meeting held Tuesday, 9th April,
1901, the President and Secretary, were, by resolution,
authorized to sign the following petition on part of the
Board, the subject having been introduced, and strongly
advocated by J. B. Hobson Esq., Manager Cariboo
Hydraulic Mining Co., Ltd.,
To the Honorable the Speaker and the Members of the
Legislative Assembly of the Province of British
Columbia, in Parliament Assembled:
" The humble petition of the undersigned who are
interested in the obtaining of remedial legislation in
connection with deep placer mining in the Province
of British Columbia, theweth:—
1. That the shallow placers of the Yale - Cariboo,
Omineca and Cassiar districts produced about $60,000,000
from the date of the discovery of gold on the Fraser
river in 1857, until 1872 when they became practically
exhausted, causing the merchants and business men
of the Province great loss financially and causing a
depopulation of these mining camps.
2. It is conceded that the above districts include
•extensive areas of deep auriferous alluvials and systems
of ancient river channels of stupendous proportions, the
deposits of which are claimed by experts to contain
higher values in gold than any other deep placer mining
field in the world.
3. That after a trial of about 10 years, part 7 of the B
Annual Report, 1901-1902. 3L
Placer Mining Act of 1891, which was passed for the
direct purpose of encouraging the exploration of these
deep placer mining districts and the development of the-,
industry of hydraulic and deep gravel mining has failed
to so encourage the investment of capital in deep gravel
mining enterprises to the extent warranted by the
nature of the ground in these districts.
4. That the records of California and British
Columbia show that after the lands of the United States-
were thrown open for exploration and development
under the provisions of 1866 and 1872 Acts of Congress,,
whereby satisfactory title was given under United
States patents at a reasonable figure, the population of
the deep gravel mining districts in central California
increased from fifteen thousand in 1866 to about seventy-
five thousand in 1882, and that "within that same period
over one hundred millions of dollars of capital was
invested there in the construction of extensive water
supply systems and hydraulic mining enterprises that
have shown the good common sense of the investors by
producing ten to fifteen million dollars worth of gold
annually.
5. That we firmly believe that if remedial legislation were adopted in British Columbia to place deep
placers on the same footing as mineral claims a large
number of prospectors would enter our fields, and
capitalists having assurance of good title would be
encouraged to invest in deep gravel mining enterprises,
and as a consequence the development of a great and
prominent mining industry would soon follow and prosperity would return to the now almost abandoned
placer mining districts of Yale-Cariboo, Omineca and
Cassiar.
Your petitioners, therefore pray that your Honorable
Body may be pleased to cause an act to be passed by
your present Legislature, remedying the present law hx 32 Vancouver Board ot Trade
connection with deep placer mining, and your petitioners
will ever pray, etc."
REFINERY  FOR   BASE   BULLION.
At Council meeting 9th April, 1901, resolved: " That
the Council of the Vancouver Board of Trade, having,
considered the resolution of the Nelson Board of Trade
of March 14th, 1901, regarding "Refinery for Base
Bullion " is of opinion that the subject is one of highest
importance to the mining interests of British Columbia,
and deserves the prompt and careful consideration of
the Dominion Government, and fully endorses the said
resolution, and further, that a copy of this resolution be
forwarded to the Honorable Clifford Sifton, Minister of
Interior, Ottawa."
GOVERNMENT ASSAY  OFFICE.
At Council meeting 19th April, 1901, resolved: That
the following telegram be sent to G. R. Maxwell, Ottawa:
*" The Vancouver Board of Trade desire to strongly urge
upon the Dominion Government that owing to the near
approach of the season, urgency is demanded in the
establishment of Purchasing Assay Office in Vancouver."
At special general meeting held 13th May, 1901, it
Was resolved as follows: " Referring to previous cor--
respondence and interview, the Vancouver Board of
Trade desires respectfully to impress upon .the Dominion
Government, that as shipments of Yukon gold have
already commenced, the establishment of a Purchasing
Assay Office in Vancouver demands immediate action,
otherwise the benefit of the present season's output will
again be lost and is assured that the granting of such
office would be enthusiastically received by all our
■citizens, and that this resolution be telegraphed to the   Annual Report, 1901-1902. 33
Honorable Clifford Sifton, Minister of the Interior, and
the Honorable S. Fielding, Minister of Justice."
The reply from Ottawa being unsatisfactory, a
further meeting Was held on May 22nd, when the following letter was received from the Bankers' Clearing
House.
.Vancouver^ 22nd May, 1901.
To Wm. Skene, Esq.,
Secy. Board of Trade,
Vancouver.
Dear Sib :—
At a meeting of the Vancouver Bankers'
Clearing House held on 21st inst., the following resolution was passed: " Moved by Mr. Godfrey, seconded by
Mr. Sweeny, that the Clearing House Banks in Vancouver, in order to encourage Klondike trade, agree to
buy all the gold offered to them on the certificate of the
Provincial Assayer at nett cost."
(Signed) W. Murray, Chairman.
H. R. Heffel, Manager.
It was then agreed that in order to cover the actual
differential cost of Express charges, etc., between
Vancouver and Seattle, a guarantee fund of $5,000.00
should be raised among local merchants and that the
Board expend $250.00 in advertising in Yukon points.
As a result of this action business soon became active
in the local Provincial Assay Office, and further, the
Dominion Government Assay Office was established in
Vancouver early in July, the unused balance to credit of
the guarantee fund having been redistributed pro rata
to the subscribers as shown in the Secretary's financial
statement. 34
Vancouver Board of Trade
CUSTOMS HOUSE AND POST OFFICE.
At special meeting, 7th January, 1902, the following
letter, was by resolution, addressed to the Honorable J.
Israel Tarte, Minister of Public Works, Ottawa:
Dear Sir:—
In accordance with a resolution adopted
at a special meeting held on 7th inst., I have the honor-
to state that the Vancouver Board of Trade cannot too
strongly impress upon the attention of the Dominion
Government that the Post Office and Custom House of
this city, are by no means adequate to even the present
requirements, and that in view of the great increase
which cannot fail to accrue at this port in the near future,
the Board would in the strongest possible manner most
respectfully urge that due provision be made in the
estimates of the current year, for the erection of public
buildings of sufficient amplitude to meet, not only the
immediate needs of those important public departments*
but at the same time, provide liberal accommodation for
future extension.    I have the honor to be,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed)        Wm. Skene,
Secretary.
INSOLVENCY  LEGISLATION.
At quarterly meeting, 8th June, 1901, the final report
of Insolvency Committee was read and accepted as
follows:
" Your Committee on its last report was continued
in office to watch progress of bills through the
Legislature and to assist therein should their services
be required. As already intimated the measures were
taken up by the  Government, but only two were dealt Annual Report, 1901-1902. 35
with seriously at the last session. These were, the
New Assignment Act (The Creditors Trusts Deed Act,
1901), and amends to the Bill of Sale Act (Bill of
Sale Act Amendment Act, 1901). The former was
adopted by the House practically as drawn by the
Board's solicitor, the latter as drawn but without
the stringent amendment rendering chattel mortgages
on traders' stocks inoperative against trade creditors.
The amendments decided upon, however, are such as
will insure such transactions being of a bona-£de
character more than has been the case in the past.
There appears to be no good reason why the Creditor's
Relief Act should not also have been passed, and it will
in all probability be taken up next session.
Respectfully submitted,
(Signed)   F. M. Black, Convener.
. Wm. Skene.
F. Cockburn.
Memo: The Creditor's Relief Act above referred to
was re-introduced as a Government measure and became
law as the " Creditor's Relief Act, 1902," being I An Act
to Prevent Priority Among Execution Creditors."
DAWSON   TELEGRAPH   LINE.
At special Council meeting, 25th September, resolved:
That the following telegram be despatched to the
Honorable J. Israel Tarte, Ottawa:
" At a special Council meeting held this afternoon it
was resolved that the Vancouver Board of Trade tenders
its hearty congratulations to the Honorable J. Israel
Tarte, Minister of Public Works, Ottawa, upon the
successful completion of the Dawson Yukon Telegraph
Line, a work so  distinct in its  character and of such 36
Vancouver Board of Trade
importance to the whole Dominion that it may justly
be ranked as a national undertaking. The Board also
desires to express its appreciation of the energy and
perseverance displayed by the Superintendent and the
various officials having charge of the work in overcoming the almost insurmountable difficulties in connection with the successful completion of this line."
PRESENTATION   TO  W.   PELLEW-HARVEY.
At Council meeting on October 10th, 1901, a presentation was made accompanied by the following letter:
W. Pellew-Harvey, Esq.,
Provincial Assayer,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir :—
In accordance with . the unanimous
resolution of the Council of this Board at its meeting on
Friday* 9th August, 1901, it affords us great pleasure to
hand the accompanying watch and chain " as a recognition of the services to the citizens generally" rendered
by you, " in working up the Provincial Assay Office as
an institution of great value, until the Dominion Assay
Office was established in Vancouver, and as an expression
of the appreciation of this Board."
We would at the same time desire to express the
regret of the members of this Board that you are about
to leave Vancouver, but are pleased to know that you
will retain your business connection with the city, and
trust that from time to time we may have the pleasure
of seeing you among us, where you will be at all times
welcome.
Very truly yours,
(Signed)   F F. Burns, President.
Wm Skene, Secretary. mk:
Annual Report, 1901-1902. ST
MAIL   SUBSIDY  TO   NORTHERN   STEAMSHIPS.
Resolution at Council meeting on 8th Nov., 1901.
Whereas: The trade to North Pacific ports an-i
the Yukon is assuming greater proportions every year
and "will continue to increase as new. territory becomes-
explored and the scene of mining activity widened over
the immense area yet untouched and practically unknown—the encouragement, development and expansion
of such trade, entirely through Canadian channels, is a
matter of first importance to the community generally,,
and practically to British Columbia, its cities and ports *.
Whereas : The means of communication with such
Northern points are at present and probably will be for
a long time, dependent upon lines of steamships, and
that for the purpose of building up such trade relations
through entirely Canadian Channels, it is indispensable
that such steamship fines should hail from Canadian
ports and be first class in all their appointments :
Whereas : It has been demonstrated that the-
initial expense of equipping and maintaining such first-
class steamship lines (having to meet the keen competition of the subsidised American lines) is excessive and-
detrimental to their promotion and advancement.
Be it therefore resolved, that the Council of the
Vancouver Board of Trade, realizing the paramount
importance of strictly first-class Canadian steamship
connections t© Northern points from the port of Vancouver, desires to draw the attention of the Federal
Government to the substantial subsidies paid by the
U. S. Government to certain American lines running
North, thereby giving them an undue advantage over
Canadian steamers of like capacity and equipment, and
to request the  Government to take the matter into its 38
Vancouver Board of Trade
-early consideration with a view to fostering and
expanding a purely Canadian trade by granting such
increased subsidies for the conveyance of the mails as
may be needful to put Canadian steamships on even
terms   with   those   hailing   from   American   ports."—
{Forwarded to Ottawa.)               Annual Report, 1901-1902.    Annual Report, 1901-1902. 53
DEEP SEA FISHERIES.
Deep Sea Fishing, which offers a field for a large
industry, may be said to have been scarcely touched
on the Coast of B. C. During the past year three
steamers have been employed in the Halibut Fishery
plying from Vancouver, the fish being packed in ice and
shipped by car-loads to Boston. This Halibut is of the
finest quality and the banks in Queen Charlotte Sound
and elsewhere offer an unhmited supply. Besides
Halibut, immense shoals of Herring, Skill or Black Cod
and also the True Yellow Cod, are to be found, while
Smelts, Oolachans and other small fish swarm in the
estuaries of the large rivers. Shoals of Anchovies are
occasionally met with and the true Sardine is also said
to exist in these waters, while excellent crabs and
unhmited quantities of clams abound. That this industry with the Latin population of South America, the
coolies of Honolulu and Queensland, the general Australian market and the enormous populations of Japan
China and prospectively of Siberia as customers, should
remain unexploited, while Atlantic Fish, of no better
quality, cross the country by rail, consigned to Pacific
points, seems unaccountable, but as the resources become
better known, a change may be confidently expected
and another source of employment be added to attract
immigration.  Annual Report, 1901-1902.
55
BANKING    RETURNS.
VANCOUVER  CLEARING  HOUSE.
Comparative Statement of Clearings for years ending June 30th, 1900-1901. 1902.
1899-1900
1900-1901
1901-1902
August	
$ 3,355,145
4,929,157
4,513,755
3,913,946
4,612,926
4,090,136
3,649,640
2,881,626
3,378,007
3,543,461
3,717.183
3,843,988
$ 4,286,189
4,391,649
4;301,272
4,956,317
4,008,278
3,686,488
3,369,848
2,674,129
3,196,044
3,511,440
3.673,075
4,058,169
$ 4,610,520
4,498,435
4,215 610
"September	
October	
4,948,259
4,-402 599
November	
3,848,083
3,847,456
February	
3,228,067
3,215,139
March	
3,750,906
5,056,992
5,31,5524
$46,438,970
$46,112,898
$51,153,590
N.B.—Short Salmon Pack in 1900 ; Long Pack in 1901.
COMPARISON OF BANK CLEARINGS IN EIGHT CITIES,
1899, 1900, 1901, JANUARY TO  DECEMBER.
1898
1900
1901
$ 794,109,924
504,569,918
107,786,798
70,600,705
42,179,553
40,298,084
32,628,723
33,506,489
$ 734,941,608
513,697,000
106,956,792
77,594,870
46,161,432
40,262,588
37,907,421
32,038,700
$ 889,480,915
599,585,671
134,199,663
87,148,064
Vancouver, B.C..
46,738,805
42,554,033
St. John, N.B  ,,,.
40,941,258
30,607,315
$1,625,680,194
$1,589,560,411
$1,871,061,720    Annual Report, 1901-1902. 57
HARBOR AND SHIPPING.
It is impossible to over-estimate the growing importance of the magnificent and picturesque natural
Harbor of Vancouver which is speedily being appreciated
in shipping circles and is attracting the serious attention
of the great Shipping Companies of the World as the
■chief objective point for the trans-Pacific commerce of
the future. Here the ocean liner comes immediately up
to her moorings and the passenger finds the transcontinental cars -waiting almost alongside, only four
days distant from Montreal and with direct communication to all points on the American Continent. Situate on Burrard Inlet, 150 miles from the open Pacific,
the Harbor is so land-locked as to be quite invisible
until actually entered; the approach is good, well
defined by lights, and available at all stages of the
tide, while within the "Lion's Gate" there is absolutely safe anchorage for the largest vessels afloat, the
tidal area covering fully 30 square miles. The average
tide is about 13 feet and the appearance of ice is
quite unknown. In the offing of " English Bay" there
is good anchorage in case of vessels arriving in foggy
weather but this is exceptional and always of short
duration.
The principal wharf, contiguous to the Canadian
Pacific Railway Terminus, now extends in an unbroken
line for 3,000 feet while the further detached-wharves
of private companies, with those of the Lumber Mills,
the British Columbia Sugar Refinery and the Engineering Works afford an equal length of accommodation. 58
Vancouver Board ol Trade
Besides the harbor-in-chief there is on the south of
the peninsula on which the main portion of the city is-
built, and also entered from English Bay, the smaller
Harbor known as "False Creek," where, in addition to
the building of fishing-boats, considerable strides are
being made in the construction of Coasting Steamers
and other craft, as the nucleus of what promises to
become in the not distant future one of Vancouver's
greatest industries.
In this connection preparations are now in progress-
f or laying down the keels of lumber carriers and it needs
but an appreciative and liberal policy on the part of the
Dominion and Provincial Governments to attract capital
and ensure the speedy inauguration of ocean ship
building on an extensive scale.
Our supplies of timber are unhmited—there is coal
in the Province easily accessible and in untold quantities—iron ore has been exported from Texada Island
for many years and is known to exist on the mainland—
there is therefore wanting only more active encouragement to the exploitation of our mineral resources
and the intelligent application of capital to see the
Empresses of the future being launched from the Ways
on the shores of Burrard Inlet.
That this will necessarily take time to accomplish
goes without saying—but in the mean-while there seems
no reason why a large proportion of British Columbia
lumber, of the products of our fisheries and the grain of
Alberta should not be exported in British Columbia
Bottoms, built from our unrivalled Douglas Pine.
The lines now regularly plying from and to Vancouver are:—
The Canadian Pacific Railway Co's Empress line of
Royal mail steamers, comprising the " Empress- Annual Report, 1901-1902. 59
of India," "Empress of Japan" and the "Empress of China," affording a tri-weekly service
to Yokohama and Hong Kong, to which the
steamers "Tartar" and "Athenian" have been
added as necessary auxiliaries in this ever
increasing traffic.
The Canadian Australian Royal Mail Steamship
Line, comprising the " Moana,"' the " Miowera "
and the " Aorangi," giving a monthly service to
Honolulu (Sandwich Islands), Suva (Fiji), Brisbane (Queensland) and Sydney (New South
Wales).
The Pacific Coast Steamship Co's well equipped
steamers, sailing every fifth day to and from
San Francisco and the Steamer " City of Seattle "
for Skagway.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Co's Northern Express
Service, comprising the twin-screw steamer
I Princess May " and the " Amur," sailing during
the season to Skagway in direct connection -with
the White Pass & Yukon Railway Co. and
express steamers on the Yukon, passengers
making the journey between Vancouver and
Dawson by this route in six days. In addition
to these the Company have a number of freight
steamers on the same route, which have also
good passenger accommodation.
There is a regular daily service by fast steamers to
Victoria and Nanaimo, running in connection
-with transcontinental trains.
The steamers "Mainlander" and North Pacific" give
a daily service (Sundays excepted) with Seattle,
Washington. 60 Vancouver Board of Trade
The Union S. S. Company of Vancouver's steamers
" Cassiar," " Comox," " Capilano " and " Coquitlam"
ply regularly to all the chief coasting points
and Northern Canneries.
The Terminal Steamship Co's. steamers "Britannia"
and "Defiance" to Howe Sound, Granite Falls,
etc.
In addition, an ever-increasing mosquito-fleet of
smaU steamers is employed in the coasting trade
and a large number of tugs and scows are
constantly engaged towing log-booms, building-stone and Macadam from the local quarries, while the large transfer - barges of the
Canadian Pacific Railway now take through
cars of Merchandise consigned to Victoria and
other insular points across the gulf (30 miles) to
Nanaimo and in like manner bring back coal for
local consumption. Annual Report, 1901-1902. 61
TABLE OF DISTANCES FROM VANCOUVER, B. C
Eastwards- Statute Miles-
Vancouver to Rossland, Kootenay      563-
to Calgary, Alberta      641
toRegina, N. W. T  1,125-
to Winnipeg, Manitoba  1,482:-
to Toronto, Ontario  2,769-
to Montreal, Que '.  2,906-
to Quebec,  Que  3,054
to Halifax, Nova Scotia  3,660-
Nautical Miles-
Quebec to Liverpool, England  2,650-'
to Plymouth,       "        2,680-
Halifax to Liverpool,        "        2,355-
to Plymouth,       "        2,400-
Westwards- Nautical Miles-
Vancouver- to Vladivostock,  (Russian terminus of the
Siberian railway) direct  4,460-
Vancouver to Yokahama, Japan : 4,270-
Yokohama (via Nagasaki) to Dalny,  Manchurian  terminus of Siberian railway, about  1,000-
to Shanghai, China  1,060-
" to Hong Kong, China    1,600
Hong Kong to Singapore  1,440-
Singapore to Calcutta, India  1,630-
to Madras  1,630-
Southwards- Nautical Miles-
Vancouver to Moreton Bay, Queensland  6,510
1 to Honolulu, S.I  3,435-
Honolulu to Suva, Fiji  2,760
Suva, Fiji, to Moreton Bay  1,560-
to Sydney, N. S. W  1,770-
" to Auckland, New Zealand  1,170
Moreton Bay to Sydney      445
"Vancouver to San Francisco, Cal      833
Statute Miles
Vancouver to Seattle, "Washington      178-
" toTacoma, "      21&
'• to Portland, Oregon      -l0^
" to San Francisco, Cal  1,177" 62 Vancouver Board of Trade
Northwards— Miles
Vancouver to Skagway, coast steamer      891
Skagway to "White Horse, Yukon railway      Ill
"White Horse to Dawson, river steamer      450
Vancouver to St. Michael, by ocean steamer  2,660
St. Michael to Dawson City, by river steamer  1,690
Ordinary Expenses of a Vessel in Vancouver,
Hqspital dues per register ton   $       02
Health inspector's fee   4 00
Harbor dues  5 00
Bill of health, outwards  1 00
Pilotage, per foot (each way)    2 00
Pilotage, per foot (steamers)  1 50
Port agency (according to size) $25 00   to   100 00
Discharge of ballast (usually done by ship's crew)
or per ton  25^
Harbor tonnage   10 00   to    20 00
Stevedoring—
General cargo or salmon, per ton  45
Sugar, per ton  25
Lumber and timber, per M feet, according to
the style of cargo and facilities of the ship... 89   to      1 00
"Watering   15 00   to    20 00
Rate of Towage.
Pilotage District of Yale and New Westminster.
The ports of the Pilotage District of Yale and New
"Westminster shall be as follows:—
Port of Vancouver.
Port of New Westminster.
Port of Yale and several landings on the Fraser
Uiver.
(1) The limit of the Port of Vancouver shall be inside
a. line drawn from Point Atkinson to the red buoys on
Spanish Bank. IN
Annual Report, 1901-1902. 65
(2) The limit of the Port of New Westminster shall
be inside a line drawn between the outer buoys and
north and south sand heads at the entrance of Fraser
River.
Dues.
For vessels entering or clearing from the Port of
Vancouver the rates of pilotage shall be as follows:—
Vessels, under sail $4 00 perfoot-
"       in tow of a steamer  2 00       "
"       under steam  150       "
The pilotage from Cape Flattery or Royal Roads to-
a line drawn from Point Atkinson to the red buoy on
Spanish Bank, and vice versa, is not compulsory, but if
the services of a pilot aresrequired, he shall be paid the
following rates:—
For vessels under sail—
From Cape Flattery $6 00 per foot-
|     Callum Bay   5 00
"    Beachy Head   4 00
"    Race Rocks or Royal Roads   3 00       "
For vessels under steam or in tow of a steamer, the
following rates shall be paid:—
From Cape Flattery $3 00 per foot
"     CallumBay   2 50
"     Beachy Head   2 00
"     Race Rocks or Royal Roads, vessels under steam 100
"       " I " " "   intowofastr.  1 50       '
New Westminster.
From the lighthouse on Fraser Sand Heads to New
Westminster:—
For vessels under sail $4 00 per foot-
"       "     in tow of steamer  2 00
"       "     under steam."   150 64 Vancouver Board of Trade
From the lighthouse to Cape Flattery or Royal
Roads, and vice versa, the pilotage is not compulsory,
"but if the services of a pilot are required, he shall be
paid the following rates :■—
For vessels under sail:—
From Cape Flattery $6 00 per foot
|     CallumBay   5 00
"     Beachy Head  4 00
"     Race Rocks or Royal Roads  3 00       "
For vessels under steam, or in tow of a steamer, the
following rates shaU be paid:—
Prom Cape, Flattery $3 00 per foot
"     CallumBay    1   2 50
"     Beachy Head  2 00
"     Race Rock or Royal Roads, vessels under steam 1 00       "
1   intowofastr.  1 50       "
Any fraction of foot not exceeding six inches shall be
paid for as half a foot, and any fraction of a foot exceeding six inches shall be paid for as a foot.   Annual Report, 1901-1902. 65
Customs of the Port of Vancouver.
Rates of Commission.
Amended schedule recommended by special committees and adopted by the Board (1896).
XV.    When no special agreement exists, the following shall be collectible:—
1. On purchase of stock, bonds, and all kinds of
securities, including the drawing of bills for
payment of the same  2| percent
2. On sale of stocks, bonds, and all kinds of securi
ties, including remittances in bills and guarantee   2£ per cent
3. On the purchase and sale of specie, gold dust and
bullion  1   percent
4. On sale of bills of exchange, with endorsement... 2£ per cent
■5.    On sale of bills of exchange, without endorsement :    i per cent
6. For endorsing bills of exchange when desired  2J per cent
7. On   sale   of   produce   and   merchandise,   -with
guarantee  7J per cent
8. On goods received on consignment, and after
wards withdrawn   2J percent
9. On purchase and shipment of merchandise, on
costs and charges  5   per cent
10. For collecting and remitting delayed or litigated
account  10   per cent
11. For collecting freight money, on amount col
lected  2£ percent
12. For collecting general claims  5   percent
13. For   collecting   general   average—on   the   first
$20,000 or any smaller amount  5   percent
14. For collecting general average—on any excess
over $20,000  5   percent
15. On purchase or sale of vessels  5   percent 66 Vancouver Board ol Trade
16. For entering and clearing vessels and attending
to the Custom's business of the ship  $ 25 OO-
17. For "Port Agency," attending to discharge of
cargo and transacting ship's business other   -
than entering and clearing at Customs :
On vessels not exceeding 250 tons cargo  -  25 00*
"        with 251 tons, and not exceeding
500 tons cargo  35 00-
"        with 551 tons, and not exceeding
750 tons cargo  50 OO
"        with 751 tons, and not exceeding
1,000 tons cargo  75 00
over 1,000 tons  100 00
in ballast  10 00
18. For disbursements of vessels by consignees  2£ per cent
19. For procuring freight or passenges  2J per cent-
20. For chartering vessels, on amount of freight,
actual or estimated, to be considered as due
when the "Charter Parties" or memorandum of their conditions, etc., are signed.. 5   per cent
21. For landing and re-shipping goods from vessels
in distress, on invoice value, or in its absence, on market'value  5  percent-
22. For receiving and forwarding goods—on invoice
amount  2J per cent-
23. For effecting marine insurance—on the amount   -
of premium  5   per cent
24. The foregoing Commission to be exclusive of  Brokerage-
and every charge actually incurred.
25. Vessels to pay clerk hire and labor on wharf, sorting and.
delivering cargo. Annual Report, 1901-1902. 67
CUSTOMS RETURNS.
(by the courtesy of the collector of customs.)
PORT OF VANCOUVER, B.C.,  FOR YEAR ENDING  JUNE 30, 1902.
SHIPPING    OUTWARDS.
Vessels entered outwards for sea with cargo.
Reported in....
Reported out..
Number
Tons
Register
QUANTITY OF FBEIGHT
Tons
Weight
Tons
Measurem't
British	
63
75
329
137,751
34,224
274,549
84,523
14,981
74,222
105,388
17,940
88,620
Total	
467
446,524
173,726
211,948
INWARDS.
Tons
Tons
Register
Quantity
3F Freight
Tons
Weight
Tons
Measurem't
British	
55
41
324
133,586
8,678
224,741
48,570
3,164
31,672
65,902
Canadian	
2,794
Foreign	
34,057
Total	
420
367,005
83,406
102,753
SEA-GOING VESSELS   IN  BALLAST.
Inwards
Outwards
Number
Tons
Register
Number
Tons
Register
British	
20     .
129
195
31.294
33,514
114,802
9
97
197
20,452
■Canadian	
22,898
Foreign	
45,071
Total	
344
179,610
303
88,421
COASTWISE    VESSELS.
No.
.3,238
.3,256
Tons
Register
761,268
759,024    Annual Report, 1901-1902.
71
INLAND REVENUE, PORT OF VANCOUVER.
YEARS  ENDING JUNE 30. 1901-1902.
1901. 1902.
Licenses  $   2,987 50 $   3,130 00"
Spirits  172,451 13 152,571 03
Malt  30,955 47 32,581 36-
Tobacco  60,530 40 57,564 63-
. Raw Leaf  6,975 82 8,108 43-
Cigars ex Factory  16,806 90 18,620 25
Cigars ex Warehouse  1,139 40 2,895 30
Methylated Spirits  *   327 79 257 12-
Other Receipts  337 40 1,477 70
Total $292,511 81   $277,199 82.
MONTHLY COLLECTIONS FOR 1901-1902.
July  $24,729 71
August  21.870 35
September  23,043 CO
October  24,132 83
November  20,943 80-
December  21,613 86-
January  \  22,011 02,
February  23.069 10
March  25,036 76-
April  22,708 51
May  25,065 16
June  22,975 63^
Total...  $277,199 82.
[By the courtesy of the Collector of Inland Revenue.] 72
Vancouver Board of Trade
VANCOUVER, B. C.
So much apparent misapprehension still exists as to
-the correct location of the City of Vancouver that it
seems almost necessary to state that it is situated on the
Mainland of British Columbia at the terminus of the
Canadian Pacific Railway. Victoria, the seat of the
Provincial Government being *48 miles distant, on the
J3. E. shore of Vancouver Island.
The geographical position 49° 17' N and 123° E combined with the facts that it is situated at sea level,
•enjoying the full benefit of the mild influence of the
Japan Current and that it is protected in all directions
by ranges of high mountains secures for Vancouver a
■climate at once equable and agreeable, there being no
-extremes of heat or cold, while the constant recurrence
-of the tides and the surroundings of pine-clad mountains
keep the air charged with the most health - giving
properties.
The townsite occupies two ridges each rising
^gradually to an elevation of about 230 feet and this
with a subsoil of hardpan affords a ready natural.
drainage for surface water while the septic tank system
for the disposal of the sewerage has been most successfully adopted.
The -water supply is admittedly one of the purest in
the world—and is amply abundant for both present and
future requirements.
Incorporated in 1886 and fire-swept on June 13th of
i}hat year, the growth of the city, as will be seen froin
the assessment table annexed, has been one of steady
progress.
The business portion can now boast of many handsome and substantial modern  buildings, branches  of   Annual Report, 1901-1902. 73-
seven of the leading banks of the Doniinion are located
here, and all the principal insurance companies and loan
offices are represented.
The churches and public schools are well built and
commodious and the residential portion can boast many
homes of handsome artistic design, while the beautiful
lawns and gardens are the admiration and envy of
travellers who have been accustomed to the severe
climate of Manitoba and Eastern Canada or the droughts-
of Australia- and the Central States.
Commercially Vancouver has advanced with strides,,
the wholesale business of the city is assuming large and
growing importance and the past year has seen many
additions to her industrial establishments, several of
which are shown in the illustrations included in this
report.
As an employer of labor the lumber and shingle
industry naturally occupies first place—the chief mills-
being those of The B. C. MiUs Timber & Trading Co.,
comprising the Hastings Mills, Moodyville Mill and
Royal City Mill.
The N. Pacific Lumber Co., Barnet, Burrard Inlet.
Heaps & Sulley (Lumber and Shingles) Cedar Cove,.
Burrard Inlet.
The Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Co., Burrard
Inlet.
Pacific Coast Lumber Co., Burrard Inlet.
W. L. Tait & Sons, False Creek.
Robertson & Hackett, False Creek.
Spicer Shingle Mill, False Creek.
The British Columbia Sugar Refinery, recently much 74 Vancouver Board of Trade
enlarged, is a prominent object on entering the harbor
;and does an extensive business, importing its own raw
material direct from the plantation.
The Vancouver Engineering Works and The Albion
Iron Works Co's premises abut on the Inlet and here
.also is situated the Marine Railway.
The Cates Ship Building Yards and The Wallace
Ship Building Yards are on False Creek, jj while near at
hand are the extensive repairing shops of the Canadian
Pacific Railway, affording employment to a large num.-,
ber of men.
One of the largest pay-rolls in the city is that of the
B. C. Electric Ry, Co. which not only controls and
operates the continuous electric car system of Vancouver
and New Westminster but also supplies the public and
greater part of the domestic lighting. This company will
very shortly build its own cars and has commenced the
<c construction of an extensive system of water power
instalation which, -when completed, will enable it to
supply electric motive power throughout the city and
thus greatly assist in the creation and extension of
industrial establishments.
Vancouver has excellent hotel accommodation and
it is here that the investor, the sportsman or the pleasure-
seeker can rest in comfort and obtain the best information regarding the Province at large and its resources.
Few cities possess such beautiful natural surroundings. The sunrise and sunset effects and the ever-
varying combinations of cloudscape and landscape are
unsurpassed by few of the -world's most noted resorts,
while ready of access are a thousand miles of coast-line
protected from the ocean by Vancouver Island and by
hundreds of smaller islands, tree-clad from snow-line to
water's edge and extending in continuous chain from Annual Report, 1901-1902. 75
Puget Sound on the South to Alaska on the North,,
outrivaUing Norway in grandeur and variety, abounding
in game for the sportsman and in unknown wealth f or-
the hardy prospector.
The city itself has in Stanley Park one of the most
charming of resorts where the forest can be seen in its
natural grandeur and beauty. The drive, cycle-ride or
walk of eight miles, around which, once taken can never
be forgotten, while the Inlet, extending for a distance
of 21 miles, affords delightful opportunity for excursion
by steam-launch, and the mountains everywhere tempt
the pedestrian to explore their heights.
The traveller in Vancouver during July or August
may be much interested by visiting the Salmon Canneries at Steveston on the Fraser River, now accessible-
by local railway, where a fleet of 3,000 boats may be seen
handling their nets, and the whole process of canning
be inspected.
The chief executive offices of this great industry are-
now located in Vancouver.
The following extract from the city's records may
not be without interest. 76 Vancouver Board of Trade
CHURCHES IN CITY OF VANCOUVER.
Presbyterian.
First Presbyterian Hastings Street East
St. Andrew's Church Richard Street
Mount Pleasant Church	
Fairview Church	
Church op England.
iSt. James's Church Cordova Street East
Christ Church Georgia Street
St. Michael's Church    Mount Pleasant
St. Paul's Church Jarvis Street
Holy Trinity Church Fairview
Methodist.
Wesley Church Georgia Street
Homer Street Methodist Church Homer Street
Princess Street Methodist Church..., Princess Street
Mount Pleasant Methodist Church	
Congregational.
First Congregational Church Georgia Street
Central Congregational Church Pender Street
Baptist.
Tirst Baptist Church Hamilton Street
Jackson Avenue Baptist Church Jackson Avenue
Mount Pleasant Baptist Church Seventh Avenue
Roman Catholic.
■Church of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary...Dunsmuir Street
Lutheran.
•German Lutheran Church Prior Street
Salvation Army. Annual Report, 1901-1902. 77
PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF VANCOUVER CITY.
There is nothing which will better show the steady
advance of permanent residence in Vancouver than the
progress and attendance at the Public Schools. The
schools now are:—
High School    8 rooms
Sir William Dawson  16 "
Central    8 "
Lord-Strathcona  16 "
Mount Pleasant  16 "
Fairview    6 "
Lord Roberts    8 "
Admiral Seymour    8 "
Old Burrard Street    3 "
Total 89
6 occupied
16
16
15
6
4
5
1
77
In addition to the regular staff of 77 teachers, tbree rooms of the
Roberts school are1 occupied by the Provincial Normal School
staff, and one room in the Old Burrard Street school is occupied by
the Sir William Macdonald Manual Training School.
Attendance at Public Schools in Vancouver.
Total No. of
Average Daily
Year
Pupils
Enrolled
Boys
Girls
Attendance
1886-7
248
138
110
168.40
1887-8
642
333
309
238.19
1888-9
1,024
533
491
537.69
1889-90
1,465
-720
745
817.84
1890-1
1,748
840
908
1,011.09
1891-2
2,004
962
1,042
1,168.34
1892-3
2,175
1,010
1,165
1,542.56
1893-4
2,247
1,096
1,151
1,575.09
1894-5
2,375
1,167
1,208
1,640.44
1895-6
2,403
1,198
1,205
1,809.90
1896-7
2,644
1,322
1,322
1,898.12
1897-8
2,983
1,455
1,528
2,070.36
1898-9
3,296
1,661
1,655
2,459.12
1899-1900
3,907
1,963
1,944
2,659.26
1900-1
4,669
2,361
2,308
3,374.59
1900-2 78 Vancouver Board of Trade
CITY OF VANCOUVER.
FROM    THE    OFFICIAL    REPORT,    1902.
STATEMENT   OF   CITY    PROPERTY   AND   APPROXIMATE   VALUE
DECEMBER    31st,   1901.
Police Station, Street, not including site... $       3,000 00
Fire Hall, with sites:
No. 1, Water Street  §14,000 00
No. 2, Seymour Street  3,500 00
No. 3, Mount Pleasant  4,000 00
Site for New Fire Hall, lots 30 and jHS
31, block 10, subdivision 196  3,000 00
24,500 00
Equipment  46,000 00
 70,500 00
Fire Alarm system  6,100 00
City and Market Hall site  55,000 00
City Hospital and site  40,000 00
"           "      furniture and equipment  8,000 00"
Cottage Hospital and Furnishing :-j|g:2,000 00
 50,000 00
Contagious Diseases Hospital and site   9,000 00
Cemetery, (70J acres)  15,000 00
City Poxind Building and site !  800 00
Crematory Building and site  8,000 00 '
Steam Road RoUers  5,500 00
Westminster Avenue Bridge  5,000 00
Cambie Street                  "         6,000 00
Granville Street              "         30,000 00
Coal Harbor  4,000 00
Water Works system  1,060,000 00
Stanley Park Improvements  . 50,000 00
East Park (160 acres)  20,000 00
South Park (6 acres)   -   3,000 00
City Landing Slips, Gore Avenue and Burrard Street  1,800 00
Public Urinals  500 00
Paving Plant  2,000 00
Pile Driver :  1,000 00
Heatley Avenue Wharf  14,000 00
Free Library site  10,000 00
Carried forward  $1,430,200 00 Annual Report, 1901-1902'. 79
Brought forward....  $1,430,200 00
School Properties, including Sites:
GROUND BUILDINGS TOTAL
High School $19,000 00 29,000 00 48,000 00
Central.......  24,000 00 23,000 00 47,000 00
■Strathcona  17,000 00 53,000 00 70,000 00
Dawson   28,250 00 51,750 00 80,000 00
Old W. End School..   3,500 00 800 00 4,300 00
Mt. Pleasant     "         15,250 00 '9,500 00 70,250 00
Old        „           " 4,000 00
Fairview    8,000 00 5,5000 00 17,500 00
Roberts   13,500 00 15,000 00 28,500 00
Seymour    8,250 00 16,000 00 24,250 00
393,800 00
$1,824,000 00
Statement of Streets,"[Sewers, Etc.
Streets graded  91.04 miles
"      gravelled  11.07 "
"      macadamised  34,59 "
"      pavedjwith bitum. rock      1.82 "
"      paved with wood blocks      1.51 "
Sidewalks, plank  95.21 "
" cement      1.50 "
Sewers  39.25 §
Box and surface drains  15,31 "
Water mains, 4 in. and over  51.25 "
Basement drains        1.96 "
4 Public fountains	
282 Hydrants	    Annual Report, 1901-1902. 81
CONSULAR AGENCIES EST CITY.
BELGIUM.
J. M. Whitehead, Esq., Vice-Consul.
CHILE.
Hon. M. P. Morris, Consul-General.
ECUADOR.
Hon. john MacQuillan, Consul-General.
FRANCE.
Baron de St. Laurent, Consul.
GERMANY.
Hon. Johann Wulpfsohn, Consul.
JAPAN.
Hon. K. Morkawa, Japanese Imperial Consul,
NETHERLANDS.
C. Gardiner Johnson, Esq., Vice-Consul.
NORWAY AND SWEDEN.
J. C. Maclure, Esq., Yice-Consul.
PERU.
Hon. R. H. Alexander, Consul.
SPAIN.
Capt. H. A. Mellon, Yice-Consul.
UNITED   STATES.
Hon. L. Edwin Dudley, Consul.
F. J. Schofield, Esq., Yice-Consul,
L S2
Vancouver Board of Trade
THE MINING INDUSTRY OF BRITISH
COLUMBIA.
Extracts from the Report of the Minister of Mines, 1902.
SYNOPSIS OF MINING LAWS OF B.C
The mining laws of British Columbia are very liberal
in their nature and. compare favorably with those of any
other part of the world. The terms under which both
lode and placer claims are held are such that a prospect--
01* is greatly encouraged in his work, and the titles,
especially for mineral claims and hydraulic leases, are
absolutely perfect. The fees required to be paid are as
small as possible, consistent with a proper administration of the mining industry, and are much lower than
those of the other Provinces of Canada or the mineral
lands under Dominion control. Provision is also made
for the formation of mining partnerships practically
without expense, and a party of miners is enabled to
take advantage of these parts of the Acts and work their
■claims together, without the trouble or expense of forming a joint stock company.
Considering the great success that has characterised
alluvial mining on a large scale in British Columbia, the
rentals for hydraulic leases are particularly low. It will
be found on reference to most of the Australian colonies
and Natal, that the rentals are, in most instances, eight
times as much as in this Province, while the areas permitted are generally much smaller. The period for
which leases are granted is practically the same.    On a Annual Report, 1901-1902. 85
lode mine of fifty-one acres the expenditure of $500r
which may be spread over five years, is required to obtain a Crown grant, and surface rights are obtainable at-
a small figure, in no case exceeding $5 per acre. The
following is a synopsis of the mining laws, which will be
found sufficient to enable the miner or intending investor
to obtain a general knowledge of their scope and requirements.
Free Miners' Certificates.
Any person over the age of 18, and any joint stock
company, may obtain a Free Miner's Certificate on payment of the required fee.
The fee to an individual for a Free Miner's Certificate is five dollars for one year. To a joint stock company having a capital of $100,000, or less, the fee for a
year is $50; if capitalized beyond this, $100.
All these certificates expire at midnight on the 31st
of May in each year. Certificates may be obtained f or
any part of a year, terminating on the 31st of May, for
a proportionately less fee
The possession of this certificate entitles the holder-
to enter on all lands of the Crown, or other lands on
which the right to so enter is reserved, and prospect for
minerals, locate claims and mine.
A free miner can only hold, by location, one mineral
claim on the same vein or lode, but may acquire others
by purchase. In the case of placer claims only one can
be held by location on each creek, ravine, or hill and not
more than two in the same locality, only one of which,
shall be a " creek " claim.
In the event of a free miner allowing his certificate^
to lapse his mining property (if not Crown-granted). S4 Vancouver Board of Trade
reverts to the Crown, but where other free miners are
interested as partners or co-owners the interest of the
defaulter becomes vested in the company continuing
•co-owners or partners, pro-rata, according to their
interests. It is not necessary for a shareholder, as such,
in an incorporated mining company, to be the holder
of a certificate.
Mineral Claims.
Mineral claims are located and held under the provisions of the I Mineral Act."
A mineral claim is a rectangular piece of ground
not exceeding 1,500 feet square. The angles must all be
right angles unless the boundaries or one of them, are
the same as those of a previously surveyed claim.
A mineral claim is located by erecting three legal-
posts, which are stakes having a height of not less than
four feet above the ground and squared for four inches
.at least on each face for not less than a foot from the
top. A tree stump so cut and squared also constitutes
a legal post.
The " Discovery post" is placed at the point where
mineral in place is discovered.
Nos. 1 and 2 posts are placed as near as possible on
the line of the ledge or vein, shown by the discovery
post, and mark the boundaries of the claim. Upon each
of these three posts must be written the name of the
claim, the name of the locator ond the date of location.
On No. 1 post, in addition, the following must be written :—" Initial post.     Direction of post No. 2, [giving
approximate compass bearing];  feet of this claim
lie on the right, and feet on the left of the line from
No. 1 to No. 2 posts. Annual Report, 1901-1902. 85
The location line, between Nos. 1 and 2 posts, must
be distinctly marked—in a timbered locality by blazing
trees and cutting underbrush, and in bare country by
monuments of earth or rocks not less than two feet in
diameter at the base, and at least two feet high—so that
the line can be distinctly seen.
Mineral claims must be recorded in the Mining-
Recorder's Office for the mining division in which they
are situated within fifteen days from the date of location, one day extra being allowed for each ten miles of
distance from the recording office after the first ten
miles. If a claim is not recorded in time it is deemed
abandoned and open for re-location, but if the original
locator wishes to re-locate he can only do so by permission of the Gold Commissioner of the District and upon
payment of a fee of $10. This applies also to a claim
abandoned for any reason -whatever.
Mineral claims, are until the Crown grant is issued,
held practically on a yearly lease, the condition of which
is that assessment work be performed on the same
during each year to the value of at least $100, or payment of such sum be made to the Mining Recorder.
Such assessments must be recorded before the expiration
of the year or the claim is deemed abandoned. If,
however, such record is omitted, a free miner may,
before the expiration of thirty days thereafter, record
such assessment upon payment of a fee of $10. This,
however, will not hold the claim if it has been re-located
by another free miner in the meantime. The actual
cost of the survey of a mineral claim, to an amount not
exceeding $100, may also be recorded as assessment
work. If, during any year, work is done to a greater
extent than the required $100, any further sums of $100
—but not less—may be recorded and counted as further
.assessments. As soon as assessment work to the extent
of $500 is recorded, the owner of a mineral claim is 86 Vancouver Board of Trade
entitled to a Crown grant on payment of a fee of $25r
and giving the necessary notices required by the Act,
Liberal provisions are also made in the Act for obtaining
mill-sites and other facilities in the way of tunnels and
drains for the better working of claims.
Placer Claims.
Placer mining is governed by the "Placer Mining
Act," and by the interpretation clause its scope is defined
as | the mining of any natural stratum or bed of earth,,
gravel or cement mined for gold or other precious
minerals or stones." Placer claims are four classes, as-
follows:—
|' Creek diggings': any mine in the bed of any
stream or ravine:
" ' Bar diggings': any mine between high and low
water marks on a river, lake, or other large
body of water:
"' Dry diggings': any mine over which water never
extends:
1' Precious stone diggings': any deposit of precious
stones, whether in veins, beds, or gravel deposits.'r
The following provisions as to extent of the various
classes of claims are made by the Act:—
I In I creek diggings' a claim shall be 250 feet squares
Provided always that the side lines of each
claim shall be measured in the. general direction
of the water-course or stream:
" In ' bar diggings' a claim shall be:—
"(a.) A piece of land not exceeding 250 feet-
square on any bar which is covered at-
high water, or Annual Report, 1901-1902. 87
I (b.) A strip of land 250 feet long at high water
mark and in width extending from high
water mark to extreme low -water mark:
" In ' dry diggings' a claim shall be 250 feet square."
Every placer claim shall be as nearly as possible
rectangular in form, and marked by four legal posts at
the corners thereof, firmly fixed in the ground. On
each of such posts shall be written the name of the
locator, the number and date of issue of his free miner's
certificate, the date of the location and the name given
to the claim.. In timbered localities all boundary lines
of a placer claim shall be blazed so that the posts can be
distinctly seen, underbrush cut, and the locator shall
also erect legal posts not more than 125 feet apart on
all boundary lines. In localities .where there is no
timber or underbrush monuments of earth or rock, not
less than two feet high and two feet in diameter at base,
may be erected in lieu of the said last-mentioned legal
posts, but not in the case of the four legal posts marking
the corners of the claim.
A placer claim must be recorded in the office of the
Mining Recorder for the Mining Division within which
the same is situate, within fifteen days after the location
thereof, if located within ten miles of the office of the
Mining Recorder by the most direct means of travel.
One additional day shall be allowed for every ten miles
additional or fraction thereof. The number of days
shall be counted inclusive of the day upon which such
location was made, but exclusive of the day of application for record. The application for such record shall
be under oath and in the form set out in the Schedule
to the Act. A claim which shall not have been recorded
within the prescribed period shall be deemed to have
been abandoned.
To hold a placer  claim for more than one year it 88
Vancouver Board of Trade
must be re-recorded before the  expiration of the record
or re-record.
A placer claim must be worked by the owner or
someone on his behalf, continuously, as far as practicabler
during working hours. If work is discontinued for a
period of 72 hours, except during the close season, lay
over, leave of absence, sickness, or some other reason to
the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner, the claim is-
deemed abandoned.
Lay-overs are declared by the Gold Commissioner
upon proof being given to him that the supply of water
is insufficient to -work the claim. Under similar circumstances he has also the power to declare a close season,
by a notice in writing and published in the Gazette, for
all or any claims in his district. Tunnel and drain
licenses are also granted by him on the person applying
giving security for any damage that may arise. Grants-
of right of way for the construction of tunnels or drains-
across other claims are also granted on payment of a
fee of $25, the owner of the claim crossed having the
right for tolls, etc., on the tunnel or drain which may be
constructed. These tolls, however, are, so far as the
amount goes, under the discretion of the Gold Commissioner.
Discovery Claims.
The following provision is made for new discoveries-
of placer mining ground:—
" If any free miner, or party of free miners, discover
a new locality for the prosecution of placer niining and
such discovery be established to the satisfaction of the
Gold Commissioner, placer claims of the following sizes-
shall be allowed to such discoverers, viz:—
" To one discoverer, one claim    600 feet in length ;   Annual Report, 1901-1902. 89
" To a party of two discoverers,
two claims, amounting together to  1,000 feet in lengh.
" And to  each member of a party beyond two in
number, a claim of the ordinary size only:
" Provided that where a discovery claim has been
established in any locality no further discovery shall be
allowed within five miles therefrom, measured along the
water-courses. The width of such claims shall be the
same ordinary placer claims of the same class."
No special privileges are allowed for discovery of
new mineral claims.
Co-Owners and Partnerships.
In both the "Mineral" and "Placer Mining" Acts
provision is made for the formation of mining partnerships, both of a general and limited hability character.
These are extensively taken advantage of and have
proved very satisfactory in their -working. By an amendment to the " Mineral Act," passed last session, provision
is made for collection of the proportion of assessment
work that may be due from any co-owner in a mineral
claim. It should not be forgotten that if any co-owner
permits his free miner's certificate to lapse, the title of
his associates is not prejudiced, but his interests reverts
to the remaining co-owners.
Hydraulic and Dredging Leases.
Leases of unoccupied Crown lands may be granted
by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, upon recommendation of the Gold Commissioner of the District,
after location by placing a legal post at each corner of
the ground applied for.    On the post nearest^the placer 90 Vancouver Board ol Trade
ground then being worked the locator must post a
notice stating the name of the applicant, the location of
the ground to be acquired, the quantity of ground and
the term for which the lease is to be applied for. Within thirty days application must be made in writing to
the Gold Commissioner, in duplicate, with the plan of
the ground on the back, and the application must contain the name of each applicant, the number of each
applicant's free miner's certificate, the locality of the
ground, the quantity of ground, term of the lease desired and the rent proposed to be paid. A sum of $20
must accompany the application, which is returned if
the application is not granted. The term of leases must
not exceed 20 years. The extent of ground covered by
leases are not in excess of the following:—Creek—half
a mile ; hydraulic diggings—8 acres ; for dredging leases
— miles; precious stone diggings—10 acres. Under
Order in Council the minimum rental for a creek lease
is $75 per annum, and for a hydraulic lease, $50 per
annum, with a condition that at least $1,000 per annum
shall be spent in development. For dredging leases the
usual rental is $50 per mile per annum, development
-work -worth $1,000 per mile per annum must be done,
and 50 cents royalty per ounce paid on the gold mined.
Taxation of Mines.
Mineral or placer claims, when Crown-granted, are
subject to a yearly tax of 25 cents per acre, but if $200 is
spent in work in a year this tax is not levied. A tax of
2 per cent is levied quarterly on all ores and other mineral substances mined in the Province, but -where ore-
producing mines produce under $5,000 in a year half the
tax is refunded, while placer or dredging mines that do
not produce a gross value of $2,000 in a year are entitled
to a refund of the whole tax. These taxes are in substitution for all taxes on the land and for the personal Annual Report, 1901-1902. 91
property tax in respect of sums so produced, so long as
the land is only used for mining purposes. By the " Land
Act," a royalty of 50 cents per M., board measure, is
levied on timber suitable for mining" props, a cord of
props being considered as 1,000 feet board measure.
Mining Recorders in Outlying Districts.
Where mineral is discovered in a part of the Province
remote from Mining Recorders' offices, so that the provisions of the Act cannot be justly enforced, the miners
themselves may, by a two-thirds vote at a meeting for
that purpose, appoint a Mining Recorder from among
Coal and Petroleum Prospecting.
Coal or petroleum prospecting licenses may be procured after a thirty days' notice has been placed on the
land and in the Government Office of the District, as
well as published in the Gazette and in a local paper for
the same length of time. Application must be made in
writing to the Gold Commissioner, in duplicate, accompanied by plans of the land and a fee of $50. A licence
may be issued for not more than 640 acres of land for
one year, the said $50 covering the first year's rental.
All lands must be in a square block and run due north,
south, east and west. At the expiration of the first year
an extension rmay be granted for a second and third
year. Land for which a licence has been granted may
be leased, upon proof being given of the discovery of
•coal, for five years at a rental of 10 cents per annum per
acre; the lease also contains provision for a royalty of 5
cents per ton of coal and 1 cent per barrel of petroleum.
If the lessee is able to prove that he has worked the land
continuously, he may, -within three months of the expiration of of his lease, purchase the land at $5 per acre. a
92 Vancouver Board of Trade
themselves. Such Recorder can issue free miners' certificates, records of mining property, etc., and such entries
will be valid notwithstanding any informality. Under
the Act such Mining Recorder shall, as soon as possible,
forward a list of the free miners' certificates issued by
him, and of records made, to the nearest Gold Commissioner or Mining Recorder, together with the fees
required by law therefor.
Table of Fees.
Individual Free Miners' Certificates $    5 00
Company Free Miner's Certificate (Capital $100,000
or less)  50 00
Company Free Miner's Certificate (Capital over
$100,000)  100 00
Recording Mineral or Placer Claim   2 50
Recording Certificate of Work, Mineral Claim.... 2 50
Record of Placer Claim  2 50
Recording Lay-over  2 50
Recording Abandonment, Mineral Claim  10 00
Recording Abandonment, Placer Claim  2 50
Recording any Affidavit under three folios  2 50
Per folio over three, in addition  30
Records  in " Record of Conveyances," same as
Affidavits	
Filing Documents  1 00
For Crown Grant under Mineral Act  25 00
For every lease under "Placer Mining Act"  5 00 Annual Report, 1901-1902. 95
MINERAL   PRODUCTION   OF   BRITISH
COLUMBIA.
Method of Computing Production.
In assembling the output of the lode mines in the-
following tables, the established custom of this Department has been adhered to, viz: The output of a mine-
for the year is considered that amount of ore for which
the smelter or mill returns have been received durinsr
the year. This system does not give the exact output
of the mine for the year, but rather the amounts credited
to the mine on the company's books during such year.
For ore shipped in December the smelter returns-
are not likely to be received until February of the new
year, or later, and have, consequently, to be carried over
to the credit of such new year. This plan, however, will
be found very approximate for each year, and- ultimately
correct, as ore not credited to one year is included in
the next.
In the Lode Mines tables, the amount of the shipments has been obtained from certified returns received
from the various mines, as provided for in the " Inspection of. Metalliferous Mines Act, 1897." In calculating
the values of the products, the average price for the
year in the New York Metal Market has been used as a
basis. For silver 95 per cent., and for lead 90 per cent.,
of such market price has been taken. Treatment and.
other charges have not been deducted.
TABLE I.
Total Production for all Years up to and Including 1901.
Gold, placer $ 63,554,543
Gold, lode  17,161,463
Silver  16,534,554
Lead  9,622,689
Copper :  8,809,546
Coal and Coke  54,157,315
Building stone, bricks, etc  2,350,000
Other metals  51,878
Total $172,241,988-   96 Vancouver Board of Trade
TABLE VIII.
Coal and Coke Production Per Year to Date.
COAL.
Tears. Tons (2,240 lbs.). Value.
1836-90 (inclusive)... 5,516,278 $16,930,358
1891  1,029,097  3,087,291
1892     826,335  2,479,005
1893      978,294  2,934,882
1894  1,012,963  3,038,859
1895 S     939,654  2,818,962
1896     896,222  2,688,666
1897     882,854  2,648,562
1898  1,135,865  3,407,595
1899  1,306,324  3,918,972
1900  1,439,595  4,318,785
1901  1,460,331  4,380,993
Total 17,423,802. tons. ' $52,652,930
COKE.
1895-6    1,565 $ 7,825
1897   17,831   89,155
1898 (estimated)   35,000  175,000
1899   34,251  171,255
1900   85,149  425,745
1901  127,081  635,405
Total  300,877 $1,504,385    98 Vancouver Board of Trade
PROGRESS OF MINING.
The mining industry has, during 1901, still maintained that rapid growth which has characterized it
since the inception of lode mining some ten years ago.
It is all the more gratifying to be able to make this-
announcement again this year, inasmuch as reports to
the contrary have been so widely circulated that the
impression that 1901 has proved a disastrous year has-
gained much credence, not only abroad, but even within
our own borders. Statistics are the best refutation of
this impression, and it is with much gratification that-
attention is drawn to the preceding statistical tables.
These show that the value of the mineral production of
this Province for the past year is greater than that of
the Yukon; that we have in our mineral deposits a
I Klondike " of our own, and a permanent and growing
one at that. The Yukon is credited with an output of
$18,000,000, while British Columbia produced $20,086,780.
Table I. gives the total values of the various mineral
products of the Province up to and including the year
1901, showing the amount contributed by each mineral
to make up the total of $172,241,988, the grand total of
the Province's earned increment to the mineral wealth
of the world. Gold still retains the first place in this list
with a total production of $63,554,543, coal and coke
following with a total production of $54,157,315.
Table II. shows the gross value of the mineral output for each year, and is particularly intended to illustrate
the growth of the mining industry from year to year.
From this it will be seen that in the last ten years the
output has increased from $2,978,530 in 1892 to $20,086,780
in 1901, and this increase has been gradual and steady, Annual Report, 1901-1902.
99
the result of new properties added to the producing list
each year, and the increasing development of the older
properties.
The increases for each year from 1896  over that
preceding are shown below:—
Increase over
preceding year
Per cent,
increase.
1896	
$1,864,914
2,947,312
451.593
1,486,270
3,951,620
3,742,029
33
1897	
39
1898	
4J
13§
314/5
23
1900	
1901	
The per capita mineral production of the Province
for 1901 was $134.
Table III. gives in detail the amount and value of
the various mineral products for the past three years.
As compared with 1900 the production for 1901 shows,
for—
Placer gold a decrease of   27 4/5 %
Lode gold increase of  26       %
Silver         " 25       %
Copper         " 175       %
Lead decrease of   25£     %
Coal increase of     1J     %
Coke         | 49       %
Other materials         " 224/5%
Table IY. shows the gross value of the mineral
products for the last three years produced by the various
divisions and districts, and illustrates the growth of
productive mining in the various parts of the Province.
Table Y. shows the yearly production of placer gold
since 1858, showing a grand total to date of $63,554,543.
In this is included gold obtained by placer mining,
hydraulicing and dredging.. 100 Vancouver Board of Trade
Table VI. shows the production of the lode mines of
the Province since 1887, which is the earliest period in
which any lode mining was carried on, although it never
amounted to anything appreciable until 1892.
While coal mining and placer mining are undoubtedly just as truly mining as is " lode mining "—and the
production therefrom is just as truly a part of the
mineral output—still, in the popular sense, the term
"mining" is confined to lode or metal mining, and for
this reason this table is most interesting as indicating
the growth of such " mining " in the Province.
That, this growth has been phenomenal is shown by
the following figure:—
In 1894 the product of the lode mines was valued at
$781,342, while in 1901 it has increased to $13,683,044 or
. nearly 18 times as much in eight years.
The product of these mines in 1901 is valued at
$13,683,044, an increase over the previous year of $3,613,-
287, or equal to 36%.
The tonnage of ore mined in 1897 was 169,362 tons; in
1898 it had increased to 215,944 tons or about 27|-%
increase over the previous year. In 1899 it. -was 287,343
tons, or equal to 33% increase; in 1900 it was 554,796 tons,.
orv93% increase; in 1901 it was 920,416 tons, or about 66%
increase over the previous year.
While this great increase in tonnage is chiefly due
to the increased output of the mines previously working,
still there have been a number of new shippers added to
the list during the past year.
Table VII. shows the product of the metalliferous
mines of the Province, giving in detail the tonnage mined
in each division, together with the quantities and values
of each of the metals so produced. Annual Report, 1901-1902.
101
Table VIII. gives the coal and coke production of
the Province for each year from 1836 to date, showing a
gross product of the value of $54,157,315.
Tables IX. and X. show graphically, the mineral
production of British Columbia for 1900 and 1901, as-
compared with the combined product of all the other
Provinces for the same minerals during these years.
This shows -that, of the total combined output of the
various Provinces of the Dominion during 1901 (excluding
the Yukon Territory), British Columbia produced—
82% of the gold,  96% of the silver,  67% of the
copper, 96% of the lead,  2% of the iron, none of
nickel,    30%   of   the   coal,    50%   of   the   coke,
and of the total of preceding minerals about 49£%.
Surely  British Columbia is entitled to be called the
1 Mineral Province of Canada."
COAL.
The coal mines of the Province have, during the
past year,"made an output never before equalled in their
history. The gross output of coal was, 1,691,557 tons, of
which 221,226 tons -were used to make coke, so that the
net output for the year was 1,460,331 tons of coal and
127,081 tons of coke. This is equivalent to an increase
production over 1900 of coal 1J%, and of coke 49%.
The sales were as follows:—
Sold for consumption in Canada  413,705 tons.
export to United States  895,197   |
I 1    other countries     18,966    "
Total sales 1,327,868 tons
(2,240 as.)
The total sales of coke amounted to 127,533 tons, of 102
Vancouver Board of Trade
which 80,154 tons were sold for consumption in Canada, _
.and 47,379 tons were exported to the United States.
This output has been made from the collieries on Vancouver Island and those near the Crows Nest Pass. The
detailed production of each colliery is shown in the
reports of the Inspectors of Collieries. The coast
collieries produced 1,261,744 tons of coal and 15,398 tons
of coke. The Crows Nest collieries produced 198,587 tons
-of coal and 111,683 tons of coke.
The conditions prevailing in these two districts are
so different that they require to be noted separately.
In the coast collieries the output is limited by the
market for the product, as these older collieries are
better prepared to meet an increased demand. Of their
product about 75% was exported, chiefly to California
and mostly as coal. With the completion of the two
.smelters now under construction on the coast, the market for coke should be materially increased next year.
The Crows Nest Collieries are as yet new, and their
output is limited, not by the market, which is unlimited,
but by the undeveloped condition of the collieries and
"the limited transportation facilities, difficulties which
.are being removed with all possible speed, and next year
will undoubtedly see an enormous increase in the output
-of these collieries. Of their product about 60% of the
•coal and 70% of the coke was consumed in Canada, the
remainder going to the United States. It has been a
-constant struggle for these mines to meet the demands
made on them for fuel, and every endeavor is being
Tnade to increase the output. There have been many
-complaints that the local demand for fuel was being
neglected to supply the export trade. This difficulty
will be obviated as the development and equipment of
the collieries is increased. The figures show where the.
output -was sold, and it is certain that next year a far
larger proportion of the coal produced -will be exported, Annual Report, 1901-1902. 103-
as it is evident from the demand that it is much better
than any other that can be obtained in those States-
immediately to the southward of British Columbia.
It will be noted that while these collieries only
turned out 198,587 tons of coal to be used as such, they
converted 180,768 tons into 111,683 tons of coke, selling-
it as such, so that the actual amount of coal mined was;
379,355 tons.
GOLD.
The statistics show that the gold production of the-
Province—including both placer and lode gold—for the
past year was of a value of $5,318,703, -which is an
increase over that of 1900 of $586,598, or equal to about
12% increase. This is the greatest gold production
British Columbia has ever made. In 1900 the increase-
was 12J% over the previous year, and the increase this-
year over 1900 is 11 4/5%, showing the growing importance of the gold output of the Province. This production is derived from placer mining, including ordinary
placer work, hydraulicing and dredging, and from lode
mining.
Placer Gold Mining.
The placer gold output for the year 1901 was $970,-
100—a decrease from the previous year of $308,624-
This is accounted for by the fact that the Atlin production has again suffered a serious diminution; the
ordinary placers are mostly worked out and the hydraulic
companies which should have been at work making an.
output, have managed to get into litigation among
themselves and with individual miners, so that the-
season was practically lost. It is hoped and expected
that by next season the existing plants, and those now
under construction, will be able to work and, if so, the
output of the camp will certainly be doubled. 104
Vancouver Board ol Trade
Hydraulicing.
The Cariboo District shows a considerably decreased
production, which is due almost entirely to the small
output of the largest company in the district, the Cariboo Consolidated, which, through shortage of water,
was only able to work a part of the season. This shortage of water was occasioned by the sudden melting of
:the snow in the spring, leaving insufficient water for the
3atter part of the season. The snow usually retained on
the mountains is, as a rule, a sufficient reserve supply to
last through the season, but last year this all melted at
once, causing spring freshets and a dry summer season.
:The smaller companies in the district did well, and with
&, normal snow fall and spring all should make a very
good showing next season.
A small output has been made from the Laird Division, but as last year was the first year of the operations
of the hydraulic companies there, most of the work was
preparatory and of the nature of development.
On the coast certain deposits of black sand have
been worked to a profit, but have not made the output
•expected.
Dredging.
Dredging for gold, although it continues to receive
much attention and large amounts have been invested
in capital, has not as yet yielded any very material
return or output. That the gold exists in the beds of
many of the rivers in considerable quantities has been
■conclusively proved many times, but the difficulty seems
to be to save it.
It might be pointed out that in every instance, as
far as is known, the dredges operating in British Columbia work up stream, and it is very questionable if
such a practice is best' suited to the conditions here pre-   Annual Report, 1901-1902.
105
vailing, or whether they should not, on the contrary,,
work down stream.
In most of our rivers dredging is done under the
following conditions, viz.: a swift current, numerous-
boulders, fine, flaky gold to be recovered and, finally, a
hard, undredgable and uneven bedrock.
It is submitted that, under these conditions, a dredge
working up stream can not be expected to save or take
up all the gold. The agitation of the river bed by the
buckets is great, and the gold will and is bound to settle
into crevices in the bedrock. A very small crevice may
hold the profits of a month, from which, in a hard bedrock, it is impossible for a dredge to recover it. Any
gold once raised and afterwards dropped is swept by the
force of the current back of the dredge bucket and i&
consequently lost. On the other hand, in working down
stream a " face " is formed, which will be more or less-
inclined ; the gold is swept from the bedrock on to this-
inclined face of removable material, and would be taken
up in a subsequent bucket load.
Lode Gold Mining.
Placer mining is, of necessity, dependent on the
•weather, and is as variable in this Province as that commodity, but in lode gold mining, as the mines develop,
the production becomes as regular as the output of a-
manufacturing business, and it is to lode mining that
the Province is indebted for its ever-increasing gold production. In 1901 the lode mines of the Province produced.
$4,348,603 in value of gold, an increase over the previous
year of $895,222, or 26 per cent. When it is remembered
that this increase follows an increase in 1899 of about 30~
per cent., and in 1900 of 21 per cent., a fair idea may be
formed of the development and growth of the industry.
This great increase is due first and chiefly to the develop— 106 Vancouver Board ol Trade
nient of the Boundary District, but the increased tonnage of the Rossland and Nelson Districts has also had
its effect. Approximately, this gold has been derived
from—
Direct smelting of copper-gold ores $3,474,738
Combined amalgamation and concentration   873,865 I
Total $4,348,603
It may be said that no absolutely " free milling"
gold property is working in the Province; they all carry-
sufficient values in sulphides to necessitate the saving of
such.
Silver.
The total amount of silver produced in 1901 was
-5,151,333 ounces, valued at $2,884,745.   This is an increase
-over the previous year of $575,545 in value.    The silver
production of British Columbia this past year has been
-affected in two ways and requires some explanation.
JSiTver is derived from silver-lead ores and from copper
ores carrying silver, with a small percentage of " dry"
.silver ores.    In 1900, approximately 90 per cent, of the
.silver produced was derived from silver-lead ores, probably including most of the " dry" ores, as they were
-chiefly smelted together and are impossible to separate
in the statistics.    This year there has been a falling off
I in the production of lead ores, and a consequent diminution of the silver production, which has, however, been
more than offset by the greatly increased tonnage of the
.copper-silver ores.
As near as can be estimated, the copper-silver ores
have this year produced 30£ per cent, of the silver output. The production from "dry" ores, although proportionately small, has greatly increased, but it would
be difficult, as   before stated,  to separate, with   any
-degree of accuracy, this source of production from the
.others. i    f8* Annual Report, 1901-1902. 107
Lead.
The production of lead was this past year 51,582,906
lbs., worth $2,002,733. This shows a decrease in value of
$689,154, or about 25 per cent, as compared with the production of 1900, but in fairness the comparison must not
stop here; it must be remembered that in 1900 there was-
a phenomenal increase over 1899 of 206 per cent. The
figures show, therefore, that the lead production of
1901, although showing a decrease as compared with
1900, shows an increase over 1898 of 86 per cent., and.
over 1899 of 128 per cent., and is still 25 per cent, higher
than the highest production of any year prior to 1900,
The cause of the decrease is not attributable to the
mines themselves, but to the condition of the market
for lead ores—too large a question to go into here—
which has temporarily rendered it unprofitable to mine
large deposits of galena very low in silver. Reference is-
here made particularly to the lead ores of East Kootenay,
The Slocan district has not been so seriously affected by
the low price obtainable for lead ores, as the ores Of this-
section carry much higher silver values, which has-
enabled them to be mined and marketed at a profit.
As a matter of fact, the Slocan has this year just held
its own as regards tonnage of ore mined and values
produced.
Copper.
Each year seems to present some particular feature
of interest, and this year it is the greatly increased
copper production of the Province. The copper production for the year has been 27,603,746 lbs. of "fine copper,""
valued at $4,446,963, an increase of 17,606,666 lbs., and
$2,831,674 over that of the previous year, or about 175
per cent, increase in value.
It may here be noted that the recent " break " in the
copper market did not occur until the last month in the —
108 Vancouver Board ol Trade
year, and as, in estimating the values as above, the
.average price for the year is employed, the value of the
product has not been seriously affected.
This copper has been derived as follows :—
Boundary       district 14,511,787 lbs.
Trail (Rossland)   "       8,333,446   "
Coast |       3.115,872   "
Nelson "       1,599,449   "
Other districts        43,192   "
Total 27,603,746   "
The great increase has been due to the working of
the exceedingly large and notoriously low grade copper
-ores of the " Boundary," which has been rendered possible by the material reduction made in the actual costs
of smelting, which are authoritatively stated as having
been reduced as low as $1.35 to $1.50 per ton, of ore.
This low possible cost of the first smelting, now proven,
has a wide effect on the future of the district and Province, as it brings within the limit of profitable ores
onany known deposits of great extent which it has been
previously regarded as impossible to profitably treat.
Iron Ore.
It has to be recorded that, as yet, very little iron ore
:as such has been mined in the Province. There have
been a few experimental shipments made and a considerable amount of development work carried on, but
from the very nature of things iron ore to be handled
-at all necessitates an iron blast-furnace to treat it, which
is, as yet, not an accomplished fact in British Columbia,
and will not be until a sufficient development has been
done to fully establish both the quantity and quality of
ore supply to justify its erection.
The statistics  show that 5,746 tons of   ore  were Annual Report, 1901-1902. 109
shipped, which, as before stated, were used for experimental purposes, or as a flux in smelting other ores.
Other Minerals.—Platinum.
There has been a small quantity of platinum produced this year, about $457 worth, from the Similka-
meen District. This small output is occasioned by the
fact that comparatively little placer gold mining has
been going on in this district of late, and as the platinum
is recovered with the placer gold, little has been produced. This metal has been again noted in the neighborhood of Dease lake and on the Thompson river in
the placer workings, but no record has been obtainable
of any quantity having been saved.
Building Materials.
No reliable returns are available as to the production of the various building materials, including lime,
brick, fire-clay, building stone, cement and tile pipes,
and the amount credited to these materials in the
statistics has been estimated—the estimate erring on
the conservative side.
Lime and brick are produced locally in almost every
district for home consumption, while on the coast an
excellent lime, which has considerable sale abroad, is
made from a marble. On the coast, too, a cement of
very good quality is made, and supplies much of the
local market. On Kootenay lake a coarsely crystalline
marble quarry is being worked for building purposes.
There are on the coast several first-class granite and
sandstone quarries opened and doing a local trade.
These quarries are so admirably situated as regards
water transportation that there is a fair prospect of
their becoming an important export industry.    Fire- 110 Vancouver Board of Trade
brick, drain pipes and tile are manufactured on Vancouver Island for home consumption.
General Developments of the Year.
A general review only is here given, the details of
work in each district being found in the body of the
Report under the proper head.
In the Atlin District, as already stated, the results-
this past year have not been satisfactory. As was noted
in the report last year, this camp was in the transition
stage from ordinary placer mining to hydraulic methods,,
and it was expected that at least two or three of the
hydraulic companies -would be in operation during the
season of 1901. That such expectations have not been
realized is due largely to the friction, -which was probably inevitable, between the individual miners and the
large hydraulic companies. The owners of individual
placer claims have rights which must be respected, and
their holdings must not be buried under hydraulic
tailings; but at the same time it is a notorious fact that
a number of these individual claims, which are worthless
as placer claims, are being held simply to embarrass the
large companies in the hope of being " bought off." It
is not to be taken as implied that all are thus acting
unfairly, but many undoubtedly are, and the only apparent remedy is the strict application of the law that calls
for continuous representation. It has been suggested
that many of the disputes occurring could have been
settled by the Gold Commissioner if he was given the
requisite power. Such suggestions fail, to take into-
account the hmitation of the powers of the Province by
the B.N. A. Act, and the decision of the Courts that the
Province can confer only ministerial powers and not-
judicial powers upon its officers.
The existing hydraulic companies have also delay- Annual Report, 1901-1902. Ill
ed matters by mutual disagreements, ending in litigation,
where a slight application of the principal "live and let
live" would have rendered a compromise possible. It is
to be expected that these troubles have largely worn
themselves out, and that 1902 will see legitimate work
proceeded with.
The continued prospecting of the benches has been
encouraging, and such work as was done by the hydraulic companies gave most hopeful indications. There
does not appear to have been any new placer ground of
importance opened up in this section, while the reports
from the Chilkat Division indicate that the new discoveries of last year have deep bed-rock, and they have not
so far proved profitable ; it is only fair, however to say
that the past summer was so wet that flood-water prevailed in the creeks most of the short open season,
preventing satisfactory work. As is the rule, when the
individual placer claims began to give out last year, the
prospecting for lode mines really began in this section,
with the result that a number of very promising prospects have been recorded and received some slight
development. It is as yet premature to state how
important these will eventually prove to be, but so far
they promise well.
In the Teslin Lake Division there has been considerable prospecting going on, but the reports so far
received have not told of much success.
Tn the Liard Division the placer ground of the
earlier days has been receiving considerable attention
from hydraulic companies. The only company sufficiently far advanced to speak of with any certainity has
made a promising showing by its development work.
In the Skeena Division there has been an unusual
.amount of prospecting for lode mines, which certainly
has so far demonstrated that this section is well worthy
.of very serious investigation. 112 Vancouver Board of Trade
In the New Westminster division prospecting and
development work has been proceeded with, but as yet
no serious shipments have been made. The immense
showing of low-grade concentrating copper ore at Howe
Sound is reported as sold for a large amount, but so far
no steps have been taken to do actual mining, a fact
much to be regretted.
Oh Texada island the copper properties have about
held their own, but in certain of the companies operating
here the financial management has been such as to bring
the values of the properties themselves into question—
matters which are in no way related. The iron deposits
on this island have been seriously developed during the
past year, but as already stated, the market for iron ore
does not at present exist. The same may be said of the
iron deposits in the neighbourhood of Barkley Sound, on
the west coast of Vancouver Island.
On Vancouver Island coal is, of course, the important product—this will be referred to elsewhere.
The copper properties at Mt. Sicker have been
seriously developed and worked, making a very fair output. Each of the important properties is so satisfied
with the amount of ore in sight that it is now engaged
in erecting a smelter. If arrangements could have been
made for one smelter to treat all the ores of this Camp,
it would have been better for all concerned, and would
have effected great economies in the working costs,
matters which, at the present price of copper, cannot
be neglected.
In the Alberni Division the two copper properties
on the Alberni canal have been worked continuously
during the past summer, and both have put up wire rope
tramways from the mines to their docks at deep water.
Since the drop in the price of copper shipments have
been discontinued until it rises again.    These properties   Annual Report, 1901-1902.
11&
carry practically no gold or silver, and so are more
seriously affected by the fluctuations of the copper
market than are most of the copper properties in the
interior of the Province. •
In the West Coast of Vancouver Island Mining
Division there has been a falling off in the general
development, but work has been pretty steadily carried
on at Sidney Inlet by a Scotch syndicate, on the property
of which there is reported to be a fine showing of bornite
copper ore. This property is, however, being developed
under adverse circumstances, and with a very limited
available capital.
In East Kootenay the chief advancement has
been in the Crow's Nest Pass collieries. These properties have taken up definite lines of development -with
ample foresight as to the probable future demands to be
made upon them. The output made during the past
year can be seen from the statistics. That it will be
doubled next year there is little doubt, owing to the
demand for this coal and coke and the developments
undertaken by the Company.
Last year the output of low-grade silver-lead ores
in the Fort Steele Division was the feature of this district ; this year this production has been very, seriously
diminished.
These ores carry only about 50 ounces of silver to
the ton of metallic lead, and as the market for lead ores
has been so extremely low this past year it has not
been profitable to work many of the properties. The
cause of this low price of lead is largely due to the
withdrawal from this district of the purchasers for the
American lead smelters, caused by the changed conditions of smelting in the U. S., whereby a much smaller
amount of lead ore is needed for fluxing purposes. 1.14 Vancouver Board of Trade
This fact has been practically recognised by the
Dominion Goverment, which has endeavoured to stimulate the erection of a lead refinery in Canada by
granting a bonus on all lead refined in, the Dominion,
-which means British Columbia, as all the lead mined in
Canada is mined in this Province. Already the Trail
Smelter has a lead refinery under construction, which
should be in operation this coming year, and it is expected that this will give at least some relief.
The Slocan has suffered by reason of the condition
of the lead ore market as has East Kootenay, though
not to such an extent, and the output has not been
seriously affected. There have been few new shipping
properties in this district this year.
In the Goat Riyer Mining Division there have been
developed this past year large deposits of iron ore, and
deposits of a similar nature are reported from Fort
Steele, but no development work has been done here as
yet. Should these properties prove as large as is expected, and being in such close proximity to the coal and
eoke supply, there will be every reason to expect the
erection of an iron blast furnace in the near future.
In the Nelson Division, the mines around Ymir have
made an increased output, and the prospects for the
future are exceedingly encouraging.
The Silver King (Hall Mines), after a year devoted
to development, has again become a shipping property.
In the Trail Division (Rossland) the big mines have
grown bigger, and although there have been several
tetnporary stoppages caused by labour disputes, which
now happily seem almost adjusted, the output, in spite
of this, has been materially increased. The workings
here have attained a depth of from 1,000 to 1,200 feet,
and prove the continuity with depth of the ore-bodies of Annual Report, 1901-1902. 115
the camp. The grade of the ore has been fairly well
maintained with depth, although in many instances,
owing to the reduced cost of smelting, etc., it has been
found economical to now treat much ore of a srrade
which previously would have gone over the dump. The
returns would apparently indicate a considerable drop
in assay value, but the above fact accounts for the
greater part of such apparent decrease in the value of
the ore.
The Boundary District has this past year attracted
more attention than any other part of the Province.
For years it has been recognised as a fact that this district contained tremendously large bodies of ore, but it
has also been admitted that the values of such ores
.approached so near that line which divides profit from
loss that it has been a very serious question as to just
^Swiaeh&i^eof the line they would finally be placed. The
question was one entirely dependent on the economies
which could be brought about in mining and smelting,
and in the handling of a large output. It is authoritatively stated that certain of the larger properties
have reduced the cost of mining to about $1 per ton, and
the cost of matting the ore to from $1.35 to $1.50 per
ton. On such figures as these there is a fair margin of
profit on most of the ores of the district, and it is a
matter of much importance to this section that such
results have been obtained, as it renders of value many
-deposits at present unworked. At the same time, it
must be recognised that such low working costs are only,
possible after the expenditure of immense amounts of
capital and by treating a large tonnage. The returns of
the smelters of the district and detailed reports are
necessary to form any correct idea of the prevailing
-conditions.
In the southern part of the Yale District prospecting
has been  greatly stimulated this past two years by 51
116
Vancouver Board ol Trade
anticipation of a railway through this section. As a
result, it has been shown that there are two or three
highly mineralised belts traversing this district. Of the
locations made and on -which development has been satisfactory a majority show ore in which copper is the
metal of chief value, but it is usually accompanied with
fair values in precious metals. There are, however,
several properties, notably near 20-Mile creek, in which
the ore is iron sulphides—generally arsenical—carrying
high gold values.
From the neighborhood of Princeton northerly to-
Nicola there is a zone highly mineralised with copper on
which some development has been done of a preliminary
nature—which the advent of a railway will greatly
stimulate. These properties will certainly be low grade,
and as there seems to be a large mineralised area it will
require extensive development to prove the ultimate
value of the camp.
There have been several coal locations made in the
various parts of this district, the more important being
in the vicinity of Princeton and Nicola, where very considerable and important beds have been proved -which
are referred to in detail elswhere.       Annual Report, 1901-1902. 121
AGRICULTURE.
The continued growth of the City of Vancouver, the
constant increase of Trans-Pacific travel, and the requirements of the Yukon gold fields, offer a ready market
for all kinds of farm and dairy produce, poultry, eggs,
fruit and vegetables, these being still, to a large extent,
imported; a state of things which should not exist, but
on the other hand be reversed, the soil and climate of
the Fraser Valley being in every way adapted to ensure
this end.
The want of ready communication has in some cases
hitherto been a detriment, but with a trunk road now
being constructed to Agassiz, the opening of the Lulu
Island Railw^ay, and the actual commencement of construction on the Fraser River bridge at New Westminster, this difficulty is constantly being diminished, and
there looms in sight, in the not distant future, a healthy
and vigorous farming population who will take up and
successfully occupy the vacant lands available.
The section of the province more directly contributory to Vancouver, is what is known as "The Lower
Mainland," a general idea of which can be gathered from
the following short extracts from the lately published
"Sixth Report of the Department of Agriculture of the
Province of British Columbia," further particulars being
obtainable on application to the Department of Agriculture, Victoria, B.C„ or the Agent General for British
Columbia, London, England. 122 Vancouver Board of Trade
Lower Mainland, (south side of Fraser River).—
"From the mouth of the Fraser River to Hope is one of
the most fertile sections of the province; the land, being
mostly composed of sile, is an alluvial deposit of great
depth. In this section are included the municipalities of
Delta, Surrey, Langley, Matsqui, Sumas and Chilliwack,.
and the unorganized district between the last named
and Hope." -.
Delta, (general description).—"The Delta of the Fraser includes all the low lands lying south of and adjacent
to the Fraser River for a distance of fifteen miles from
its mouth, and also includes Western Island, which is
separated from the rest of the district by the Canoe
Pass of the Fraser River. The district is protected from
the river and from the tidal waters of the Gulf of Georgia
and Boundary Bay by a system of dykes, which cost the
municipality in the neighborhood of $100,000. The soil
is for the most part very rich, and produces abundant-
crops. It has every advantage which proximity of market affords, being in direct communication by steamboat
with Victoria, Vancouver ^ Nanaimo, New Westminster
and other important points, (and by road and steamboat
ferry with New Westminster and Vancouver). Shipping
facilities are of the best, for it is possible to ship at
almost any point of the fifteen miles of the river front,,
and also at Boundary and Mud Bays. The wagon roads
are good, the principal materials used in their construction being plank and gravel. The schools are good, and
are so placed as to make it possible for every child in the
district to attend without any hardship."
Surrey, (general description).—"The district of
Surrey is well situated, being readily accessible from the
markets of the coast cities. It is bounded on the north
by the Fraser River throughout its entire length on that
side; on the east by the municipal district of Langley;
on the south by the 'International Boundary Line and Annual Report, 1901-1902. 123-
Semiahmoo Bay;  on" the west by Mud Bay and the-
municipal district of Delta, and contains some 120 square-
miles of territory.    There are in the district of Surrey
about 20,000 acres of rich, alluvial soil, which, when
brought in,  is   immensly   productive, as high as 120-*
bushels of oats having being produced to the acre. There
are 7,000 acres of peat lands, on which at present but
little has been done, but -which will, when properly
treated, respond bountifully to the efforts of the dairyman and agriculturist."
Langley, (general description).—"Langley lies between Surrey and Matsqui, and stretches from Fraser-
River to the. International Boundary,  and comprises-
about 120 square miles.   The total assessed acreage is-
76,542 acres, of which 59,740 are occupied and 6,704 under-
cultivation, and 10,098 acres of wild lands held by speculators.    The total assessment of the district "is $1,858,250,.
of which $311,260 is value of improvements.    There are
no railway or government lands in the district.    Tax
rate, 4| mills.    No  debt on  municipality.    The soil is-
generally fertile—some alder bottoms and some heavily
timbered with fir, spruce, etc. The district is well watered
and, as a rule, easily drained.  Good crops of wheat, oats,,
potatoes,  roots and fruit are raised.     Of the  fruits,
peaches, grapes, pears, plums, apples and small fruit do-
well.    Cattle and hay are raised in abundance."
Chilliwack, (general description).—"Chilliwack is-
situated on the Fraser River, about 65 miles from its>
mouth. It is the best agricultural district in the province, has good water communication daily with New
Westminster, connecting by steamers there for Victoria,.
Nanaimo and Vancouver. The Canadian Pacific Railway runs on the opposite side of the river, and there is
daily communication with it by boat. There is a trunk
road also to New Westminster, crossing by ferry at that
place.    A good home market for most of the produce,. 124 Vancouver Board of Trade
•dealers coming up from the cities and buying from the
farmers; first-class school accommodation, eleven schools
in the district; plenty/of game, pheasants getting very
plentiful; fishing, especially trout, is good; about 2,500
of a population; churches of five denominations, English,
Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist and Roman Catholic;
good exhibition ground, buildings, Court House, bank,
four hotels, good roads and lovely pleasure resorts,
•especially for families; also a weekly newspaper, and all
the different trades necessary for a farming community
are well represented, as also all branches of business."
North Side of Fraser River.—"From the
mouth of the river to Yale, including the municipalities
-of Richmond, South Vancouver, Burnaby, Coquitlam,
Maple Ridge, Mission, Dewdney, Nicomen and Kent, and
the unorganized districts adjacent to and to the eastward of the last-mentioned municipality. In this area
are situated two of the principal cities of province, viz.:
Vancouver and New Westminster, and the Canadian
Pacific Railway runs through its entire length. There
is more high land in this section than on the south side,
"but also an immense area of low lands, liable, where not
protected by dykes, to floods when the snows melt in the
mountains, during the months of May and June. These
lands are equally fertile with those on the other side of
the river, and much the same conditions prevail."
Coquitlam, (general description).—"In the municipality of Coquitlam, especially on Pitt Meadows, are
good agricultural lands open for sale. Meadow land,
Teady for ditching, and all clear for plowing; prices, $10
to $40 per acre. Uplands in the municipality, more or
less timbered, some good land and some medium and
«orae light; prices, from $5 to $30 per acre. A good
opening for small farms and large ones, quite convenient
to New Westminster City, with one of the best markets Annual Report, 1901-1902. 125
on the continent, which has to supply Vancouver largely."-
Note.—The Pitt Meadows district is a duplication of the conditions existing in the Netherlands oil the Pas de Calais, and if
settled upon by a population accustomed to similar surroundings
and systematically dyked and poldered, could not fail to become a-
rich and teeming centre for cattle and all dairy products.
Mission.—"The district of Mission Farmers' Institute comprises Mission and Dewdney municipalities, thus-
extending from Stave River east of Nicomen Island, on
the north bank of the Fraser River. This stretch of
country contains areas of lands of many varieties, and
which, according to location, are good for the various-
lines of agriculture. The flat lands lying adjacent to
the river, and but slightly above the level of the watei-
during the season of the high water, consist mostly of
heavy clay lands of a very rich and apparently almost
inexhaustible nature. The lands on the higher ridgea
occurring frequently throughout these flats, and which
are not subject to overflow, except on occasions of extremely high water, will bring in the best returns for all
kinds of grain, hay and roots; and the large stretches of
wild grass lands that occupy all the lower part of these
flats, and which are too low and -wet, are especially valuable for pasture, and large numbers of cattle are carried
by all the farmers thereon. On the lands rising back from
the river towards the mountains, several miles in the
back-ground, the country comprises a great variety of
soil, running as it does, from heavy clay, where upland
marshes occur, to light gravelly and sandy hillsides-
The land throughout this section is very light and readily
removed; but there still may be found old dead firs and
cedars of great size of a past generation, lying fallen on
the ground. The first are of little use except for firewood, and are hard to remove; but the latter are very
valuable for making rails, boards and timbers for building purposes. These uplands, although thus slow to
bring into cultivation, are more especially valuable for 
126 Vancouver Board of Trade
fruit growing; at the same time, after a little cultivation, good crops of all kinds of farm produce can be
.raised with surety and success." INDEX.
PAGE
Officers op the Board  2
Standing Committees, 1902-3  3
Membership Roll  4
President's Address  11
.Secretary's Report  27
Extracts from Minutes  30
Failures in the Dominion op Canada  39
Lumber Industry—
Strength of British Columbia Timber  41
British Columbia Lumber Fleet, 1901  42
Shipments from B.C. in 1901  45
Fishing Industry— S8&
Pack of British Columbia Salmon, (by Canneries) Season
1901  46
Description of Pack, Season 1901  51
Comparative Statement for 8 years, 1894-1901  52
Deep-Sea Fisheries v 53
Statistical Summary op the Dominion op Canada  54
Banking Returns  55
Post Office Returns—
Vancouver Post Office  56
Harbor and Shipping  57
■Table of Distances from Vancouver, B.C  61
Shipping Expenses and Towage  62
•Customs of tbe Port of Vancouver, B.C  65
•Customs Returns—
Port of Vancouver, year ending June 30th, 1902  67
Comparative Statement, Mainland Ports of B. C  69
Port of Victoria, B.C  70
Inland Revenue, Port of Vancouver, B.C  71
Vancouver City—
General Description  72
City Churches  76
Public Schools  77
City Property  78
Comparative Statement of Assessments, 1886r1901  80
-Consuls  81 PAGE
Mining—
General  82
Mineral Production of B.C  93
Comparison throughout the Dominion  97
Progress of Mining  98
Agriculture—
Extracts from Official Report  121
Illustrations—
The Lion's Gate,—entrance to Vancouver—(frontispiece).
Trans-Pacific Docks, Vancouver, B. C facing   10."
B.C. Sugar Refinery       " 16
ShellDrive, Stanley Park       " 24
Klondike Express Service,  "Princess May" leaving
Vancouver      " 32
Hauling Logs from the Forest in B.C       " 40
Marine Railway....      " 48
Loading Alberta Oats for South Africa       " 56
Hastings Mill, Vancouver, B.C       " 64
Second Beach, Stanley Park      " 72
Canadian Pacific Ry. Workshops and Round House..     " 80
Cedar Cove Mills, Vancouver, B.C       " 88
North Pacific Lumber Co., Burrard Inlet       " 96
Robertson & Hackett Mill, False Creek       " 104
W. L. TaitMill        " 112
Cates' Ship-building Yards      " 120
UNIVERSITY OF
I     - AUG 2 9 rfe
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