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BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

The British Columbia directory, containing a general directory of business men and householders in the… Mallandaine, Edwd. (Edward), 1827-1905 1887

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Gray's Steam Joinery Works.
SAMUEL GRAY,
Factory, Cor. Government & Chatham Sts., Victoria, B. C.
MANUFACTURER OF
Sash, | Windows,« Doors, | Mantels, | Sideboards
And every Description of House Joinery.
Patentee and Manufacturer of the Improved
Self-Supporting Geometrical Stairs.
Hand Rails, Newel Posts and Balusters always on hand.
Wood Turning, Band Sawing, Scroll Sawing, Shaping, Planing, Moulding, etc.
Stair Building a Specialty.
Gutters and Finished Fence Pickets.
General Finishing Work for contractors.
P. O. BOX §9.
G. W. A. LANGE,
Watch Maker a Jeweler
No. 83 Government Street,
Opposite Post Office,
IS
All Work Guaranteed.
VICTORIA, B. C.
Have constantly on hand a Fine
Assortment of
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY
Optical Goods,
ELECTRO-PLATED WARE,
ETC., ETC.
Post Office Box No. 183.
ra.
sseseses^s^eseMsasaMssMMMs^Ms^^asasaesseaBsasa
i THE 
BRITISH COLUMBIA DIRECTORY,
 CONTAINING A
 GENERAL DIRECTORY OF BUSINESS MEN
 AND HOUSEHOLDERS . 
IN THE
PRINCIPAL CITIES AND EVERY IMPORTANT DISTRICT,
WITH 
PROVINCIAL AND DOMINION OFFICIALS,
 AND 
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROVINCE, 
1887. 
By EDWARD MALLANDAINE. Architect. 
VICTORIA, B.C. : 
Published by E. Mallandaine and R. T. Williams,
 Broad Street, and to be obtained of all Booksellers. 
MDCCCLXXXVII. /?*7.
PREFACE.
The compiler and publishers take the opportunity of congratulating the residents of British Columbia on the favorable aspect
of affairs on all sides. Our dry dock ready for use, tlje trans-continental railway complete, a Pacific line of powerful sfeamers established and a liberal subsidy therefor promised by the Imperial
Government; enhanced and firm rates for real estate and all descriptions of property, with no war cloud threatening the political
horizon ; these are facts which promise a long continuation of the
steady increase of population which has begun, arising from the
growing acquaintance with our resources now so prevalent abroad.
The compilation of the present work has been attended with
lengthy correspondence and protracted attention on the part of the
publishers, and could not have been accomplished even at this late
period but for the cheerful and painstaking assistance rendered to
the authors by their very valuable contributors, whom they take
the opportunity of now thanking ; and trust the result will prove
one more success of the British Columbia Directory.
Victoria, July 1, 1887. TABLE  OF  CONTENTS.
Addenda et corrigenda,—see additional names and connections.
PAGE.
Agassiz Station, see Chilliwhack.
Alberni & Directory 125-126
Alert   Bay . 286
Ashcroft Directory 243 to 247
Bank of British Columbia 101
Bank of B. N. America 101
Barkerville Directory 275
Bella Bella 286
Bella Coola... 286
Benchers  of  the   B.   O.   Law
Society 1887 295
Big Bar Directory. 290
Board of Trade 103 and 296
Bonaparte Valley .249
Boston Bar   and   Yale-Lytton
Waggon Road Directory 254
Brownsville  207
Business Cards 300-301
Cache Creek Directory ...248
Canadian Pacific Navigation Co. 170
Canadian Pacific Railway V-X
Canadian Pacific Railway employees  237 & 274
Cariboo District Directory 274 to 283
CJassiar District & Directory 284
Chemainus Directory 132-133
Chilliwhack Municipality..211 to 214
Clinton Directory 249-291
Clinton, Description 244
Cobble Hill 128
Cowichan   Electoral    District  and
Directory 127 to 132
Comox District and Directory.. 167
Delta Mu nicipality 202
Deiiman and Hornby Islands...169
Departure Bay and Wellington...160
Description of British Columbia 1
Dog Creek Directory 290
Dominion Officials in B. C 292
Donald and Directory 271-272
Duck's Directory 271
Elgin ... 207
Education Reports 306
Enderby Directory 262 & 263
EsquimaltTown & Directory.116-118
PAGE.
Esquimalt District 120 to 122
I Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway..139
Ferny Coombe Directory 214
Fire Limits By-law 298
Foreign Consuls 103
Foreign Postage Table 307
Fort   Simpson 285
Fort Rupert 286
French Creek Directory ...127
Galiano Island 135
Grand Prairie Directory 271
Golden City Directory 273
Goldstream Directory 121
Government Officials 292
Hall's Prairie... 207
Harvey & Keith ley Directory 278
Hastings Directory 220
Hope &, Popcum Directory 239
Highland   District. 125
Hudson's Bay Co 102
Justices of the Peace.... 302
Kami oops Directory  .251
Keithley Creek „.278
Kootenay   District and   Directory 266-268
Kokasilah District.... 129
Lac La Hache Directory 250
1       1       Description 246
Ladner's Landing or Delta...202-205
Lake District 114
Langley Municipality 208
Legislative    Assembly,    members of. 301
Lillooet   89
Local Departments (Victoria) 293
Lytton Directory 254-255
Metlakahtla, Description....... f..285
Mayne Island Directory ....135
Maple Ridge Directory 238
Maple Bay Directory 131
Members of the B. C. Bar, 1887....295
Members of the Legislative Assembly 301
Mud Bay 208
Metchosin Directory 122 IV.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PAGE
Militia 1 105
Moodyville Directory 218
McPherson's Directory 129
Naas River & District 286
Naval Royal Yard, Esq 110
Nanaimo City, Description &
Directory 137 to 158
Nanaimo City Municipal   Government 158
Nanaimo City Fire Department. 158
Nanaimo City Societies 158-159
Nanaimo  Railway 139
Nanaimo City List of Mayors^r:300
Narrow Island 136
New    Westminster City, General Remarks 171
New Westminster  City Directory 172 to 196
New Westminster Council  and
Gov't Officials, &c 197
New Westminster, Description...198
New   Westminster    District
Directory 198 to 220
New Westminster Societies 198
New Westminster list of Mayors..300
North   Surrey 207
Northern Coast   and Northern
Interior 285 to 287
Nicola Valley, Description and
Directory 255-256
Okanagan Directory 263
Osoyoos Lake 260
O-We-Kay-No 286
One Hundred and   Fifty Mile
House 250
Priest Valley ....260
Pavillion Mountain Directory....290
Pender Island 135
Popcum 239-240
Port Moody & Directory...215 to 218
Prevost Island 136
Public Schools 106-107
Quamichan 130
Queen Charlotte Islands 286
Qnesnelle Directory 282
Reid Island Directory 136
Revelstoke xiii
Richmond Municipality 200
PAGE
Royal Naval Yard Esquimalt...120
Saanich Peninsular Description..H3
Saanich, North,  Directory 115
Saanich, South     | jj     114
Salt Spring Island & Directory... 133
Samuel Island 136
Saturna Island 136
Savona Ferry 24
Serpentine Settlement 206
Similkameen Directory 265
Shawnigan Directory 128
Shuswap Directory 271
Sicamous Directory 271
Skeena River Directory 285
Smith's Inlet 286
Spence's   Bridge 243
Spallumcheen Directory 260
Stanley   Directory 283
Soda Creek Directory 281
Somenos 131
Sooke,    Description   &    Directory .-..123-124
Surrey Municipality and Directory .....205-206
Tambo Island 133
Vancouver, Description of 221
Vancouver Directory 223 to 237
Vancouver Municipal Officers...222
Vancouver Telephone Co 102
Victoria City, General Remarks...5
Victoria City Directory 9 to 98
Victoria City Chinese 98-100
Victoria   City Municipal Government 101
Victoria City Incorporated Companies 101
Victoria City Societies 102 to 106
Victoria City List of   Mayors
since Incorporation 299
Victoria  District Description &
Directory 108
Wellington Directory 160 to 166
Wellington Societies 166
William's Lake Directory 279
William's Lake Description 246
Yale  and Yale District Directory 239 to 265
• ' INDEX OF ADVERTISERS.
PAGE
Acadia Smith Works;   ,    .     220-221
Albion Iron Works Co., bus.cards 300-1
Allsop & Mason        202
Ames Holden Company        293
Austin, J. J., bus. cards.... 300-1
Barnsley, John 135
Bank of B. N. America 139
Bank of B. Columbia 200
Bavaria Brewery, bus. Cards 300 1
B. C. Express  Company 244
B. C. Soap Works. 117
B. C. Market 134
Beaumont, A. 220-221
Bodwell, E. V..... . 230
Boskowitz, J. & A 293
Boyd, John, facing front cover 2
Braverman, 1 292
B. C. Printing Company 308
Brock & Co., J. A 220
Brunette Saw Mill Co., end of Preface...... 220-1
Campbell, Frank 138
Campbell, Bell & Co 220-1
Campbell, Alex 220-221
Carr, R, bus. cards 300-1
Carter, C. L 230
Churton, A., bus. cards 300-1
Cartier,H. J 231
Ceperley, H. T. 220
City Candy Factory 300-1
Clinton Hotel 245
Colbert, John ,.. .100
Commercial Mills 237
Coughtrey, A. R 234
Clarence Hotel, front cover
Colonist Stove Store 134
Crake, F 236
Croft & Angus. 298-305
Crowther. Geo 199-300-301
Cyrs, Thomas D 220-1
PAGE
Davey, Misses, bus. cards 300-301
Davies & Co., J. P., "     300-301
Devine, John 220
Devlin, J. C, bus. cards  300-301
Dunn, Thomas & Co 220
Dunsmuir, Robert & Son 139
Earle, Thomas 198
Ellard & Co., Jas., back cover
Elson, W 204
Erskine, A. B., top left hand margin.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y 139
Evans & Co., W. W., back cover
Farrell & Co.,W. J., bus. cards.300-301
Fell & Co.. inside front cover
Ferguson, J. B., outside of right
margin &>;$
Ferguson, A., bus. cards 300-301
Findlay, Durham & Brodie 293
FlumeTfelt A. C : 293
Fraser & Leonard 220-1'
Fisher, E. H., back cover
Garesche, Green & Co —
Gilmore, A	
Globe House	
Gordon Hotel, bus. cards.
....292
....300
....236
300-301
Goodwin  & Jordan 204
Goulding. E. C 220
Gowen, Thos 298
Grand Pacific Hotel 298
Grant & Co., Geo, H 196
Granville Hotel 220
Gray, Samuel     3
Gray & Dumbleton,   outside left
margin and 300-301
Gregg & Son, bottom of left   margin
Grimm, William .;. 299
Hall, Ross & Co t. 294
Hamilton, Alex. :196 VI
IiIST OF ADVERTISERS.
PAGE.
Hanafin, Mrs 220
Hart, F. W    .231
Harrison, Eli 100
Hayes & Mcintosh.. 1  .230
Hayward, Charles 138
Heathorn, Wm . 199
Henderson, Bros 230
Henderson, Henry ST 300-1
Hibben, T. N. &• Co., 9, 107, 112,  136,
159, 196, 205
Hodgson, A. 220
Hogan, Mary 308
Holden, W. H  196
Home, A. G. &Son.... 205
Howard's Hotel, bus. cards 300-1
Howat, Miss C. D 230
Humber, M 295
Johnson, EC 117
Johnson, Walker & Flett 299
Jones, G. W 298
Jones, Rishton S.. .300-1, 237, 242, 259
Jones, T.J 231
Keeler, R., bus. cards 300-301
Ketoe&Co j ..196
Keller, J. W 199
Lange, G- W. A    3
Lawes, G. R....' 308
Lemay & Kyle 237
Leask & Morrison,inside right margin
Lettice, R., bus. cards*..... 300-301
Lewis, A 4
Lilley, H. A., bus. cards 300-301
Lombard, C. A. & Co., top right
margin
London Hotel 204, 300,301
Loewen & Erb. bus cards 300-301
Mainland Market 230
Mainland Transfer Co -... .236
Mallandaine, Mr. E. .100, 159, 300-901
Mansell, H., facing Victoria City      5
Marshall & Smith  245
Mathison, R, Jr :234
Matthews, Richards & Tye 125
McAllister & Thompson 234
.McCartney & Marmette 220
McDermott, R. bus. cards 300-1
PAGE
McKay, Charles, bus cards... .300-301
McKillican & Anderson 125
McLennan & McFeely 124, 231
McNaughten, CM end of preface
Mead, George end of preface
Medana & Co., R 300-1
Mellon & Co., H. A  .220
Meston, John 100
Miller & Hunter 134
Mitchell, John §gj 234
Moodyville Sawmill Co 221
Moore, C. F..... 199
Morley,C 124
Mortimer, J. 300-1
Muirhead & Mann, next but one
to   Victoria Citv      3
Mutrie & Murchison 234
Nesbitt &  Co. bus. card 300-1
Nicholles & Renouf, inside of back
cover.
Nuttall, Thos.  C .'.292
New Westminster Brewery .... 196
Occidental Hotel 295
Ovens, Thos 196
Palace Chop and Oyster house. .220-1
Pendray &   Co 117
Phillips,  C. J 204-300-1
Phillips, J. E. 124
Phillips, Alex 125
Philipps, W.  H.... 124
Phoenix. Fire Assurance Co 292
Pimbury, E. &  Co 205
Prior, E. G. & Co 101
Queen City Planing Mills 299
Queen City Candy Factory 300-1
Quinn, Dr. T. F 234
Quinlan, Dr. W. J 292
Rae William 236
Rand Bros., back cover
Redfern, C. E. bus. card 300-1
Redgrave, S. L. bus. card 300-1
Rekab & Co., J. A 235
Rendell, H. B. 135
Robertson, John, bus. card 300-1
Roller Flour Mills "... .308 LIST? OF ADVEBTISEES.
Vll
PAGE
Royal City Planing Mills 220 1
Royal Hotel Victoria , 231
Russell, J. bus. card 300-301
Sayward, W. P 300-301
Sears, D. S     4
Sears, Joseph, bus. cards 300-301
Sehl, Jacob...., 117
Shotbolt, Thos., front cover
Simpson, D 124 and 300-301
Smith & Co. M.  R 100
Smith, C.McK 301
Spancer & Hastings, inside of left
margin
Stemler & Earle 198
St. Louis College 308
Symonds, C ,. .231
Tait, Miss J 135
Teague, John bus cards 300-1
Telegraph Hotel. 308
Tiedemann, Hermann O  .4
Tippins, W. J, bus. card 300-1
Turner, Beeton & Co. front cover & 203
Times Publishing Co 116
Thomson Bros 235
Tremont Hotel 230
Urquhart, William 220-1
PAGE
Vancouver City Brewery 235
Vancouver Market 234
Vancouver Soda Water Works 234
Vancouver Iron Works 300-301
Vancouver Carriage  Works 234
Vancouver Coal Mining Co., inside of
back cover
Van Volkenburgh & Bro 134
Victoria Standard 301
Victoria Steam Brick Yard.. 300-301
Victoria Brewery, bus. cards. .300-301
Victoria St'm Candy Factory. .303-301
Victoria Steam Bakery 100
Victoria Rice Mills 294
Wardle,   James 204 and 236
Ward, Robert & Co., front cover & 301
Weiler, John 135
Williams, C 125
Williams, B. & Co bottom of
right margin
Williams, R. T 136 & 166
Woodaman & Edgar., 220
Woods, Turner & Gamble.. / 197
"Wtiglesworth, J. & Co. bus cards 300-1
ZoeEe, Chas., bus. card 300-1 ADDITIONAL NAMES AND CORRECTIONS.
YIOTOBIA.
*
Allen Edwin, farmer, Burnside rd.
Alliance Marine Assurance, agents R. Ward and Co.
AMERICAN HOTEL, T. J. Burnes Prop., Yates st.
Anderson Miss, dressmaker,  Government st.
Anderson Bros, dealers in grain and feed Wharf st.
Angus & Gordon, late A. Offner, grocers, government st.
Barnsley A., clerk, English House.
Beegan Frank, Queen City Candy Factory, Douglas st.
Beegan Frank, shoe maker, Trounce Alley.
Bennett Ewen, moulder, Gorge rd.
Boggs Beaumont, (Standard office) Government st.
Bolton W. W. Rev., rector St. Paul's Church, Esquimalt.
Brady H. J. & Co., manufacturing chemists, res. Quadra st.
Brauh C, chief clerk, J. B. Ferguson & Co., res. cor. Herald and Blanchard.
British Columbia Fire Insurance Co., M. H. Cowan, sec, office Wharf st.
British Columbia Land and Investment Co., Government st.
British & Foreign Marine Insurance Co., Findlay, Durham & Co.,  agents.
British Empire Mutual Life Insurance, agent A. B. Gray.
Brooks Edward C, (Cowan, Shaw & Co.) Wharf st.
Brooks E. C, photographer, cor. Johnson and Cook st.
Burris S. C, architect, Government st. corner of Broughton.
Carmichael E.  B., manufacturing agent, cor. Johnson & Government st.
CARR RICHARD, wholesale grocer & liquor,  Wharf st.,  res.  Carr st,,
Case E. W. (Anderson & Hastie), res. Viewst.
Caton J. A. & Co. wholesale jewelers, Yates st.
Cavin G., salesman, Belmont boot and shoe factory, Government st.
ChantrellH. D., J. P., Elgin.
Cherry & Creech, upholsterers, C. P. R. block, Government st.
Christie Rev., res. Fort st, Presbyterian minister, Wellington
CHTJRTON ARTLIUR, currier' and dresser of  skins,  res. Churchway.
CLARENCE HOTEL, F. G. Richards jr., lessee, cor. Douglas and Yates st.
Clearihue J. & A., commission merchants, Yates st.
Clushhlan E., carriage painter, Blanchard st.
COHEN J. A., printer, Fort st., above Government.
COLBERT & WARNER, plumbers, etc., Yates st.
CONLIN & CAMERON, farriers, Pandora st.
Croasdaile H. E., (late Croasdaile & Jones) real estate agents, Gov't st.
Croft Robert, clerk B. B. C.
Crowther John, painter, Pandora st.
Cruickshank Geo., agent, bank of B. C, Nanaimo.
Decker & Smith, Union Saloon, Johnson st.
De La Mothe Madame Christine, prof, singing, room 16, Bank of B. C.
Del'Aubiniere Mons., artist, Roccabella.
DEVLIN J. C, agent, DeCosmos' block, Government st.
Driard House, View st, Redon & Hartnagel proprietors.
Dupont Mrs., wigmaker, Fort st, above Blanchard.
Dyson John E., Fraser market, Johnson st., corner of Store.
Eilanson Miss, dressmaker, Douglas st,
Ella F., Redgrave & Ella, candy manufacturers, Fort st.
* Those residing just outside the city limits are included in the district list. ADDITIONAL NAMES AND COBKECTIONS.
IX
EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY, C. G. Ballentyne agent.
Fairclough S., farmer, Mount Tolmie.
Fish & Stratford, manufacturing chemists, Masonic building, Douglas st.
Fish Edward, emp. R. T. Williams.
Fish Robert, brickmaker. Rock Bay av. and Henry st.
Fisher J., marble works, Fort st.
Fleming Edgar, (Inchbold & F.) Government st.
Fletcher Ormond, Dominion land surveyor, res. south side McClure st.
Flint Arthur St. George, accountant and collector, Arcade, Gov't st.
Fowler Miss Lillie, Kindergarten, Blanchard and Kane st.
Fowler Mrs., widow, res. Blanchard and Kane sts.
Gerow Mrs. M. T., corset maker, Fort st.
Gerrish N., saw filer, Oriental Avenue. Yates st.
Gillichsen John, fruit and tobacco, Johnson st.
Girdleston G. W., gen. agent City of London Fire Insurance.
Goffin, C. R., clerk, B. B. C, res. Roccabella.
Goldsmith A. F.' J. P., Alder Grove.
GOODWIN & JORDAN, piano, manufacturers, Fort st.
Goodwin John, furniture dealer, Fort st.
Graham John, clerk, (A. B. Gray & Co.)
Grancini Mrs., widow, res. Pandora st.
Graves Patent Roofing Co., Turner, Beeton & Co. agents.
Graves C. R., (Patent Roofing Co.), res.- Quadra st.
Graur A., bookkeeper Nicholles & Renouf, Yates st.
Gray Hon. Mr. Justice, Puisne Judge Supreme Court B. C. res. Fort st.
Gregg & Sons, tailors, Yates st. below Government.
Gulden Fred, (Gilmore & Co), Johnson st.
Guardian Life Insurance Co., agents Turner, Beeton & Co.
Hagenburch J. A., painter, Yates st.
Hall Dr. F. W., Johnson st, between Broad and Douglas sts.
Hanson John R., agent "Continental Nurseries," corner Fort and Wharf.
Hanson C. L. & Co., fruit dealers, corner Fort and Wharf st.
Hartford Fire Insurance Co., Nicholles & Renouf agents, cor Yates & Broad.
Hargreaves George, civil engineer, Government st.
Harvey Walter, clerk (Theo. Davie) res. Wildwobd.
Hasenfratz & Lawson, City Brewery, Fort st.
Hawthorthwaite J. JEL, clerk U. S. Consulate.
Heansky James, (Fullerton & Co.) Johnson st.
Heathcote G. V. contracting agent C. P. R. res. Driard House.
Heathorn W., (with W. Heathorn) Government st.
Hibben Napier, clerk, (T. N. Hibben & Co.), res. Pandora st.
Hiibert R., proprietor Queen boot & shoe store, Moody's block. Yates st.
Hill George Rt. Rev. D. D. Bishop of B. C. res Bishop's close, Burdett av.
Hodge Wm., farrier, J ohnson st.
Holmes James, fruit and cigars, Yates st.
Immigration office, John Jessop, Gov't buildings, James Bay.
Imperial Fire Insurance, agents Welch, Rithet & Co.
Inchbold Stanley, (I & Fleming) artist, Government st.
Inchbold & Fleming, artists,photographers & phototype publishers, Gov't st
INDIAN DEPARTMENT, office corner of Douglas and Courtnay sts.
Irving Bros'., boot and shoe store. Yates st.
Jacoby Henry, merchant, Rae st.
Jensen Wm., prop. Occidental Hotel, Wharf st.
Jenkins Miss E., compositor, (J. A. Cohen) Fort st.
Janion R C, Commission Merchant, Store street
Jeune Fred., Sail maker, Wharf street
Jewish Synagogue, S.E. cor. Blanchard and Pandora streets
JOHNSON, J. B., Grocer, Humboldt street
Jones A. W., late Croasdaile & Jones, Estate agent. Government street
Jones Macnaughton Dr., Humboldt street
Jordan William, City Bakery, Store street
Kelly Mrs. James, Dressmaker, Douglas street ADDITIONAL NAMES AND CORRECTIONS.
Kendon William, Tobacconist, Yates street
Kerr Robert, Clerk, (Welch, Rithet & Co.), Gorge road
King James A., Clerk, Bee Hive, Fort street
Knight J. W., (A McGregor & Co.), Johnson street, res. Henry street
Knowles Robert A., Carnsew Dairy, Burnside road
Knox D., Clerk, (A. B. Gray & Co.)
Kurx J., J.P., res. Alder Grove
Larbonne Joseph, Fish store, Yates street
Lawrence John, Chicago Candy Store, Government street
Lipsett R., Real Estate Agent, Trounce alley
Liverpool & Manchester Marine Insurance Co., Welch Rithet & Co., agents
London & Provincial Marine Insurance Co., R Ward & Co., agents
London & Lancashire Fire Insurance Co., Agents, R. Ward & Co.
Lorberter, (C. Spanholtz) Cooper, Wharf street
MacSwain & Dearden, Physicians and Surgeons, Fort street
Marshall Wm., proprietor Gorge Hotel, 3 miles from city
Masonic HalL N.W. cor. Douglas and Fisgard streets
Mason W. H., Real Estate Agent, Trounce alley
Mason T. G., Commission agent, Broad street
Maritime of Liverpool Marine Insurance, Welch, Rithet & Co.,   agents
Marrion R., Plumber, Yates street
Mourt Alex., Book-keeper, Transfer Co.
Mellor Frank, Horse Shoer and Farrier, Broad street
Menarv J., the " Standard " office, Government street
MENZIES, PROF. W. R, Magnetic Healer, Kane St., near Douglas.
Methodist Church, S.W. cor. Broad and Pandora streets
MILLER & HUNTER, Colonist Stove store, Government street
MITUHELL JOHN, Butcher, Douglas street    •
Morgan Thos., (Gilmore & Co.), Johnson street
Morley Christopher, Manufacturer of Soda and Syrup, Waldingtoa alley
Morris H., Boot and Shoe store, Johnson street
Moss Morris, Commission agent in Furs, Johnson street
Muller William, Fruit and Tobacco store, Yates street
McAdams L. C, Eureka Stables, Pandora street
McCallum Capt. E. A., Rosebank, Esquimalt.
McCallum E. A. Jr., do. do.
McCandless A. G., [Gilmore & Co.] Johnson street.
McCandless H., [Gilmore & Co.] Johnson street.
McCluskey Chas. B., Old Ship Inn, Wharf street
McDonald & Donovan, Contractors and Builders, Victoria
McDonnell J. L., Telegraph operator, Government street
McDowell Bros., General Printers, Bastion square
Mc Fee D. N., (late C. B. Robelee) Carpenter, Wharf street
McGregor, Knight & McKitrick, Carriage Makers and Blacksmiths,!Johnson st
McGregor A., (McGregor & Co.), res. Rae street
McKitrick W., (A. McGregor & Co.), Johnson street, res. View street
McPherson, Alex., General Insurance Agent, Blanchard street
Naas River Fishery, Findlay, Durham & Co.
- New Zealand Marine Insurance Co., agents, Welch, Rithet & Co.
Nicholson & Connor, Regent Saloon, cor. Douglas and Johnson streets
North American Life Office, agent, A. Toller, Trounce alley
North British & Mercantile Insurance Co., agents, Turner, Beeton & Co.
Northern Fire Assurance Co., agents, Findlay, Durham & Brodie
O'Brien & Hill, proprietors Senate Saloon, Government street
Occidental Hotel, Wm. Jensen, proprietor, Wharf street
O'Hagan Hugh. American Tailor, Yates street
Odd Fellows Hall, Douglas street, bet. Johnson & Yates
Oliver, Dancing Academy, Broad street
O'Reilly, William, Dry Goods, Argyle House, Douglas street
Ordano, A. Al,, Merchant, MePherson's station, E. & N. R, V. I.
Pacific Coast Steamship Co., agents, Welch, Rithet & Co.
Parker John, Parker's Market, Fort street ADDITIONAL NAMES AND CORRECTIONS.
XI
Parker John W., Parker's Market, Johnson street
Parkes, G. E. clerk, Bank B. C, res. Rocabella.
Pennock, W. H., Manufacturing Jeweller, Denny's block, Government street
Peters, Herman, Piano Tuner, Waitt's Music Store
Phoenix Joseph, Glasgow Market, Fort street
Phoenix Brewery, N.W. cor. Yates and Blanchard streets, C. Gowen, proprietor
Phoenix Fire Insurance Co., agent, T. C. Nuttall, Government street
Prescott George. -Carpenter, James Bay.
Protestant Orphan Hqnie, Rae street, bet. Douglas and Blanchard
Queen Fire Insurance Co., agents, Welch. Rithet & Co.
Rambow, Louis, (C Spauholtz), cooper, Wharf street
Redgrave & Ella, B. <. ., Candy Manufactory, Fort street
Reid Rev John
Reliance Marine Insurance Co.,, agents, Welch, Rithet & Co.
Richardson Mrs., Private.Boarding House, "Douglas House."
Roberts E., Tailor, Oriental avenue
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., agents, Findlay, Durham & Co.
Roedde G. A., Bookbinder, Johnson street, bet. Broad and Douglas
Rouse Peter, Tobacconist, Government street, opp. P.O.
Rosman E., Farmer, Salt Spring Island
Royal Hospital, head of Pandora street
Royal Insurance Co., Fire & Life, agents, R. Ward & Co.
Russell W. A., Steamboat Inspector, Occidental Hotel
Safroade F., Dry Goods store, Johnson street
Sabiston John Jr., Victoria and Nanaimo pilot
SOHOEN SIG., General Provisions, etc., cor Douglas and Discovery streets
Salvation Army Barracks, Fort street
Sheriffs office, Bastion square, J. E. McMillan
Smith Phil. R., Grocer, Douglas street, cor. Pembroke
Smith Thomas R., Ass't Commissioner H. B. Co., " Ethewold " cor. Cook and
Richardson streets.
Smith William, Shoemaker, S'ore street ■
Spanholtz Chas., (late Ma ir-n. rj), cooper, Wharf street
SPENCER   &   HASTINGS, Artistic Photographers, Art studio, Fort street
Standard Life Insurance Co., agents, R. Ward & Co.
St. Anne's Convent, Humboldt street, bet. McOlure st. and Park road
St. Louis College, Pandora avenue
Sullivan H. O., store keeper, Hudson Bay Co., res. James Bay
Summers J., Painting and Kalsomining, Fort street
Swedish and Norwegian Consulate, office of R. Ward & Co.
Tait John R., Livery stable keeper, Fashion stable, Fort street
Teitjen & Levy, cigar manufacturers, Government st.
THOMPSON R. B., Dentist, Government street
Toller A., agent North American Life Office, Trounce Alley
Topham Law, steward Arcade Restaurant, Government street
Trethewing James, Farmer, Matsqui
Trimen L. Buttres, Architect and Surveyor, Hamley Bldg., Government st.
Union Marine Insurance, agent, R. Ward & Co.
Vancouver House, proprs. Andy & Isaac Bechtel, Yates street.
Van Horst Frank, Accountant, cor. Elizabeth and Rebecca streets
Van Horst & Co., General Grocers, cor. Elizabeth and Rebecca streets
Victoria Board of Trade, officers elected July 15th : President, Robert Ward :
Vice-President, Thos. R. Smith ; Secretary, W. Monteith. Council: E.
Crow Baker, M, P.; J. H. Turner, M. P. P.; R. Finlayson ; R. P. Rithet;
A. A. Green ; E. G. Prior, M. P. P.; E. C. Neufelder, Thos. Earle. Arbitration Board consists of members of the council, and Mayor Fell, H. F.
Heisterman, A. B. Gray and S. J. Pitts.
Victoria School of Painting, Profes&or S. Inchbold, Government street
Vigor Mrs. E. S., Fancy Dry Goods store, cor. Douglas and Pembroke
Walker H. G. & R, Commission Agents, Government street
WELCH, RITHET & CO., General Merchants, Shipping J& Insurance agts.,
Wharf Street Xll
ADDITIONAL NAMES AND CORRECTIONS.
Weiler John, Furniture factory, Humboldt street, office, Fort street
Wellington Colliery Co., Government street, R. Dunsmuir & Sons, proprietors
Wescott A. E., Fancy Dry Goods, Yates street, bet. Government and Broad
Wescott Russell, Clerk, A. E. Wescott
West Dr. A. G, Dentist, Fort street
West B. H, Boot and Shoe Maker, Johnson street   .
White J. E., Second-hand Clothing store, Douglas street
White Wm., King's Head Saloon, Johnson street
Whyte Wm., Accountant E. & N. R, res. Superior street, James Bay
Willie L., Baker and Grocer, Johnson street
Wilson C. Barrister, Broughton street
Wrede Bernhard, propr. Victoria Gardens, the Gorge
Yates & Poole, dealers in Farm Produce, Store street
NEW   WESTMINSTER.
Beckett & Co., Brick manufacturer and Contractor, Mackenzie street
Eckstein, L. P.
Edwards, W. H., 1st Convict Guard, Penitentiary.
Grant, G. H. read Grant & Maclure Boot and Shoe Store
Gifford, Thomas, Jeweler, Water Street
Gunn, Daniel, 7th keeper Lunatic Asylum
Lester, H. 6th keeper Lunatic Asylum
McCreight, Hon. Mr., Justice.
MacStay, Rev. E. B., (O. M. I.)
McNamara, Jas., 2nd Convict Guard, Penitentiary
Pither, Luke, proprietor Colonial Hotel
Sirr, John, Employment Agent, Columbia Street
Strong, John F. 1st keeper Lunatic Asylum
Telephone Co., pretident and manager, J.  C.  Armstrong; secretary and
treasurer, W. McColl.   Directors: J. C. Armstrong, G. S. Scoullar, S. J.
Mcintosh, Jno. Wulffshone, R. G. Tatlow
VANCOUVER.
Abrams, Jas. & Co, read Abrarns & McLean
Alcock W. G., Veterinary Surgeon, Hastings Street
Bandy, Henry, Vancouver Brick Yard
Beattie, A. M., Auctioneer, Cordova street
Beaumont, A., Palace Chop House,  Water Street
Bole, W. Norman, Barrister, Tatlows' Block, Cambie Street
Blomquist, F. M., Sign Painter
Canning, J., Fruit and Vegetables, Bay View, Cordova street
Carter, Nelson, Vancouver Brick Yard
Cohen, J., Proprietor Cosmopolitan Hotel, Abbott and Cordova Street
Calhoun, Wm. A., Printer.
Cole & Muschamp, Proprietors Greyhound Hotel,' Water Street
Cook, W; S., Teamster, Dupont Street
Cowdery Bros., (late R. Grant) General Store, Cordova Street
Cotton F. C, business manager News and Advertiser
Edwards, E. D., (late Northcott & Palmer) grocer, Carroll Street
Garden & Harmon, Civil Engineers, Cordova street
Harrison, J. C, Miner
Harvey R., clerk, Bank B. C.
Harvey & Williams, second hand store, Water street
Hay den, Isaac, Miner j|j|
Jones, C. H., Hastings street
Jones, W. R., miner, La Retons
Lawson & McDonald, Union Hotel, Abbott street
McAllister & Thompson, Vancouver Carriage Works, Alex, street
McClellan & Barnes, produce and fruit, Carroll street
McDonald, John, J. P., Vancouver ADDITIONAL NAMES AND CORRECTIONS.
Xlll
McFarland, D. A. & Co., Vancouver Brick Yard
Miller, Misses, fancy goods, Cordova street
Moffat, John, miner, McDames Creek, Granite Creek
Morris, Levi, proprietor Gladstone Inn
O'Donnell, J., miner, McDames Creek, False Creek
Pease, E. A., sign painter south of Oppenheimer street
Perry, C. F., Tremont House
Ransome, W. B., clerk, Bank B. C.
Rendell, Ea\, Peoples' Boot and Shoe store, Carroll street
Roberts, W. R., watchmaker, Cordova street
Russell, McQonald & Co., auctioneers,  Cordova street
Shannon, Wm., estate agent
Smith, H. B., C. Engineer.
Walker, Swain, proprietor Cafe Burrard
Woodaman & Edgar, Farriers, Oppenheimer street
KAMLOOPS.
Andrino, A & Co., bakers
Barnes R. Lee, agent Bank B. C.
Furrer, Edward, M. D., Physician to Royal Inland Hospital
Graham James Ogden, chief trader H. B. Co.
Jang Ding Tong, Dr.
Morton, Mrs. A., milliner, Ponds Buildings
Nelson, Mrsl S. M. prop. Dominion Hotel
Noble, Andrew, contractor and builder
Prior, E. G. agricultural Instrument manufacturer, J. R. Park, agent
Ratchford & Sullivan, Kamloops House Hotel
Robson James, clerk, H. B. Co.
Smith, John, boot and shoe maker.
Tytler Maynard, clerk, Bank B. C.
Turner, J. A., Commission merchant
REVELSTOKE.
Cowan W.,Victoria Hotel.
Kerr Charles & Co., dealers.
Lobb S. W.
Woodrow S. J., Elgin Hotel.
SALT SPRING ISLAND.—Musgrave Edward.
HASTINGS.—BLACK GEORGE, Brighton House Hotel.
METLAKAHTLA.—Bluett Dr. J. D.
SHAWNIGAN.—Morton Chas., Morton House.
ALERT BAY.—Pidcock R. H. ERRATA.
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
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a
tc
Page
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Page
Page
15—Bodwell E. V., erase Victoria, read Vancouver.
18—Erase Burns Robt., Manager, &c, and read Burus Geo., Manager
Bank B. N". Ares. Fairfield road
25—Cornwall Hon., erase Lieut-Governor, res. Government House, read
late Lieut-Governor, res. Ashcroft.
29—De Veulle, erase View 3treet, read Menzies street.
30—Doig D., erase Blanchard, read Vancouver street.
30"—Erase Pouglas Mrs. Jennie, read Mrs. Richardson.
50—Erase Johns B. H, Assist., read Johns B. H., Draughtsman.
51—Kains T., erase Dom. Land Surveyor, read Draughtsman, L. & W.
office, res Kingston street.
54—Langley Arthur R., erase Fairfield road, read Humboldt street
Langley John.,
Langley George,        " "
89—Tiedemann T. J. A, erase Heisterman & Co., read Welch, Rithet & Co.
" Times " erase J. C. McLagan, read Wm. Templeman
260—After Spallumcheen Directory, for Pleasant valley read Priests'
valley.
295—For Benchers Law Society and British Columbia Bar 1885, read
1887.
IX—Transfer the line "Completed now, etc.," immediately after Picken's
pamphlet, to the end of the preceding paragraph.
—Roller Flour Mills advt, Spellamcheen, read Spallumcheen.
ESQUIMALT  DRY   DOCK.
July 21st, 1887.
At 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon the formal opening of the Esquimalt
Dry Dock was to take place in the presence of representatives of the Dominion
Parliament and Senate, the Provincial Government and Assembly, the civic
Council of Victoria, leading business men and a number of ladies.
The caisson having been opened by steam, which operation, until it
passed into the chamber, taking 2% minutes, H. M. S. Cormorant passed in
to a-lively air by the band of H. M.S. Triumph, and in a few minutes was
in position, the hawsers attached to the shore, the caisson again closed and
the pumping engines started into motion. Mr. Conolly, of Larkin, ConoUy
& Co., the contractors, entertained the visitors and was duly toasted by
them on proposal of Mr. Speaker Pooley. Mr. Bennett, Resident Engineer,
received his meed of praise at the hands Hon. J. W. Trutch, and was
toasted by the assembled company. Mr. Bennett, in the course of his remarks, alluded to the fact that the Quebec graving dock was earning $900
a day. H. M. S. Triumph, it is understood, will enter the dock after the
Cormorant has left. DESCRIPTION OF BRITISH COLUMBIA,
SHORTENED PROM A FORMER EDITION.
In speaking of the Province of British Columbia, it is to be
borne in mind that we speak not of a tract of insignificant area, but
of a vast region, sitting partly astride of the Rocky Mountains and
comprising within its limits either wholly or in part the great rivers
flowing to the Pacific north of the 49th parallel, and the upper tributaries of that great river (the Mackenzie) which drains the continent northward, towards the Arctic o#ean. The computed area of
the province is .^50,000 square miles.
This vast tract extending in a north-westerly direction through
12 degrees of latitude and with varying breadth and varying elevation, presents much difference of local feature and diverse conditions of climate. A portion of the Pacific sea-coast enjoys a winter
climate as compared with the Atlantic coast, equal to a difference
of at least 10 or 12 degrees of latitude. The interior parts too, are
far from exhibiting the severity of climate of the eastern coast, and
they are for the most part drier.
The coast climate may be said to extend some miles above Yale.
The evidences of a drier climate then begin to appear; and at the
junction of the Fraser and the Thompson rivers, 55 miles above
Yale, all the evidences of a hot and dry climate are perceptible:
,such as the parched and sandy appearance of the ground (yielding
abundantly under irrigation) and a prevailing growth of cacti and
other succulent plants. The whole of the interior plateau comprised between Lytton, the lower ford of the Bonaparte and southward towards the boundary line at Osoyoos, is conspicuously a'
tract adapted for the pasturage of herds of cattle. This is the region of the red pine and the bunch grass country. It has a dry
climate and irrigation is in many parts necessary to ensure a crop,
but this provided, enormous results are arrived at.
At certain points, through the grazing of large herds, the famous bunch grass has at least partially disappeared; another class
of vegetation no less nutritous has succeeded it, and thus the loss
is so far neutralized. fei II
BRITISH  COLUMBIA DIRECTORY
A large proportion of the foot hills having a southern exposure,
are probably well suited for the culture of the grape. The soil near
the. bases of the hills in an extensive tract of country reaching
southward from Lillooet, composed largely of decomposed volcanic
detritus, seems specially favorable; and at Lillooet vines are successfully cultivated for the limited local supply. •
The agricultural capacities of the lower country have been already expatiated on elsewhere. Grasses of the finest quality are
freely and abundantly grown; prizes and other awards of merit have
been given to such exhibits of the province as have been sent to
various industrial exhibitions abroad. The exuberant fertility of
the low delta lands of the Fraser is locally proverbial.
The immediate neighborhood of the coast as we proceed northward, is in most parts heavily timbered, and generally mountainous.
From the southern limit of the province on the Straits of Fuca, up
to Cross Sound, beyond Sitka in Alaska, a series of inland navigation is available, and for steamers of the largest size. Stupendous
inlets diverge inwards from the main route of communication.
But, to refer to the interior, which by no means ought to be
overlooked, I mean that portion lying towards Clinton beyond
Alexandria, and thence upwards to the Rocky mountains. In this
wide tract is situate the rich gold mining region known as Caribou
or Cariboo. A good waggon and stage road conducts from Yale
clear up to Barkerville in the heart of the mining region; but during the open season the transport is relieved by a steamer which
plies from Soda Creek, twenty miles below Alexandria to Quesnelle,
some forty miles below. .The succession of valleys by which the
district is approached, known as Bridge Creek, Lac La Hache,
Williams Lake, &c, though elevated in position are attractive in
character, and there is throughout a succession of thriving settlements. There are other thriving communities along the banks of
the Fraser towards Alexandria. Seated at a lower level, the occupants enjoy necessarily a climate more uninterruptedly genial than
their neighbors of the higher interior tracts.
Soda Creek, above the mouth of the Chilcoten river which
flows into the Fraser, is the point where the navigation of the upper
Fraser commences—the intervening portion between this and Yale DESCRIPTION  OF BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
Ill
being too much interrupted by violent rapids to be usefully navigated. As an entrepot it is a point of some local importance. ALEXANDRIA, twenty miles above Soda Creek, is a site of a post of the
Hudson Bay Co., formerly of much importance. Good wheat and
other grains are grown here. The level*of the Fraser here, by observations of the Royal Engineers, is 1,430 feet above the sea.
QUESNELLE, 40 miles above Alexandria, is situated on the left
bank of the Fraser, at the mouth of the Quesnelle river. It has a
claim to importance as a distributing point for the neighboring
mining region of Cariboo, sharing this honor, however, with Bar-
KERVILLE, which may fairly claim to be the nucleus of the sur-
' rounding district. The mouth of the Quesnelle is 1,490 feet above
sea level. Beyond this point there is an excellent line of boat-navigation, extending in an eastern direction to Tete Jaune Cache on
the confines of the Rocky mountains 750 miles from the sea; and
in a western direction through Stuart's River branch and its lake
connection, to the limits of the Coast Range, nearly equi-distant.
Through a great portion of this upper tract, ordinary agriculture
has for many years been successfully carried on; barley, potatoes and
other vegetableSj and wheat, though rather precarious in its returns.
In the southeast angle of the province, lying between the boundary line of 490, the Rocky Mountains and the Columbia River, is
the Kootenay District. (See description elsewhere of this highly
promising district.) In an opposite angle of the province is Omi
NECA, recognized only so far for its gold producing capacity, now
not so great as formerly. Omineca can be approached by two
routes by the Skeena River and Babine Lake, and from Quesnelle
by pack train.
Population.—The population of the province though small,
but increasing rapidly, for intelligence, industry and orderly conduct, may be classed prominently among the people of the various
dependencies of the crown. Here the law rigidly administered is
as a rule strictly obeyed.. The Indian element also is a great feature: we have in the main a well-ordered native population, studious
of improvement and eager in the acquisition of those industrial arts
which conjoined with other instruction, can elevate them permanently in the social scale.    Kindness, firmness and justice may sum IV
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  DIRECTORY
briefly the secret of success of the once powerful trading companies
of the North-west and the Hudson Bay. The natives are large producers, and as consumers contribute an important share in the aggregate customs revenue of the province. The coal mines, the saw
mills and above all the canneries, are largely dependent on them,
and in the interior as packers and canoe-men they are invaluable.
Products.—The products of the Pacific province are gold*,
silver, coali*, lumber||, ironj, fish—such as salmon, herring, oolachans,
halibut, dog-fish—used for oil by boiling the liver, and black cod.
Of salmon there are five species, the Silver arriving first in March
or early April, weighing from four to twenty-five pounds; the second kind arriving from June till August, are considered the finest,
but only weigh from five to six pounds. The third average seven
pounds and ^re an excellent fish. The humpback salmon comes
every other year, lasting from August till winter, weighing from six
to fourteen pounds. The hook-bill arrives in September and remains till winter, weighing from twelve up to forty-five pounds.
The principal salmon canneries are located on the Fraser River,
Alert Bay, River's Inlet, Skeena River, Metlakathlah and Naas
River.    Large quantities are also smoked and cured and salted and
packed in barrels for shipment.
But our space is limited and we must draw to a conclusion.
The sober and industrious settler need have no fear of want. While
elsewhere sad plaints of dearth and starvation are heard—here the
bountiful products of nature waste through want of occupants.
It might be added that though the prices of necessaries are
double those of eastern Canada, wages are in the same proportion;
days suitable for out-door labor more numerous in the year and in
the cities house rent is very moderate.
*Prom 1858 till the present year the yield has been about $45,000,000.
+True bituminous and also anthracite, 1800 lbs of the former equal to 2400 and
2600 lbs from the neighboring territories for steam purposes.
||See elsewhere for quantities exported.
JFound on Texafla Island containing 64 per cent, of iron, at the entrance to
Sooke Inlet, and Douglas Portage. THE CANADIAN , PACIFIC RAILWAY,   -
[Taken from the Manchester Examiner of recent date.]
Colonist, January 1st.
But little interest has been manifested in the completion of the
Canadian Pacific railway, the fourth of its kind which spans the
North American continent, and which Lord Lansdowne, the Governor-General of Canada, inaugurated by driving the last spike of the
line. As a railway project it is the largest single enterprise ever
attempted, while the confidence and energy with which its builders
have successfully grappled with the physical and financial difficulties it presented seeks its parallel in the annals of railway enterprise.
The Canadian Pacific railway has been appropriately called the
offspring of two great ideas—firstly, the necessity of uniting into
one empire the British colonies of North America; secondly, the importance of throwing open for settlement a vast area of fertile country, and of finding for the commerce of Europe and America the
shortest and best route to the great and promising markets of
Eastern Asia. The first practical proposals for the construction of
the Canadian Pacific railway emanated from British Columbia, where
Mr. Waddington, an English settler, prior to confederation, succeeded in demonstrating the feasibility of the project on economic
grounds. * In 1868 the Pacific province, which had desired so soon
as the union of the provinces was agitated to join the Dominion,
despatched delegates to the Federal Government for the purpose of
negotiating the terms of its adhesion, the most important for which
were the construction of a railway from the Pacific towards the Rocky
Mountains to connect the sea-board of British Columbia with the
railway system of-Canada, (sec. No. 11 terms of union); and the expenditure of one million dollars annually on the construction of an
interoceanic line; the Dominion Government to begin the construction of the railway within two years, and to complete it by
1881. British Columbia immediately accepted, and the Dominion
thus stood committed to the herculean task which is now a fait accompli. It would be tedious to follow in detail all that took place
during this interval. Suffice it to say that the railway became in
politics the greatest question of the day, and over the policy adopted in its construction bitter political conflicts took place.     The flJgSHfflffl
TfMrF^w
mm
hlimiiiinm
mm
VI
BRITISH  COLUMBIA DIRECTORY.
expediency of construction by government was tried, but with unsatisfactory results.    A fatal error was undoubtedly made in the
principle laid down in the earlier Acts passed on the subject that
the line should be constructed  without increasing the taxation of
the country, and in the assumption that huge land grants alone would
induce private enterprise to carry out the work.    In  spite of party
differences it soon became evident that the   progress made on the
prescribed lines was quite out of proportion to the cost incurred,
and that the construction of the railway would more probably consume the greater part of a century than the stipulated ten years.
Matters were precipitated by the revelation towards the close of
1878 that only a total of 139 miles of railway had been  laid and
189 miles graded.    A radical change of policy was urgently called
for, and 1881, w'hen the present Government came into power, a
company was induced to undertake the work, aided by a cash subsidy of $25,000,000, a liberal land grant of 25,000,000 acres, and
the completion, at the cost of the government, of the two sections already commenced, viz., Port Arthur to  Winnipeg  428   miles,  and
Port Moody on Burrard Inlet, westwards to Savona Ferry, Lake
Kamloops, 213 miles, valued at $30,000,000, thus leaving the company to build the two sections from Callander to  Port Arthur, 657
miles, and from  Winnipeg  to Savona  Ferry,  1,252   miles.    The
company set to work with determination and vigour.    During the
season of 1882 rails were laid at the average rate  of three miles a
day.    By the end of the season 450 miles were ready for trains, and
610 miles graded.    In June (1882) the section from Port Arthur to
Winnipeg was opened, and by the end of the summer there was a
continuous line of steel from Lake Superior to a point 450 miles
west of Winnipeg.  With a view of securing an independent eastern
terminus for their system, the company now bought a  controlling
interest in existing lines, giving it connection with  Ottawa, Brock-
ville, Montreal and Quebec.    In 1883, on tne difficult section north
of Lake Superior, 200 miles of track were laid, and westwards, the
summit of the Rocky Mountains, 962 miles west of Winnipeg, was
reached in November.    By the end of the year the company had
2,963 miles of the road under its control.    The strain of this tremendous energy began at last to have an effect on the  company's
financial resources, and the situation was intensified  by  the  orga- THE CANADIAN  PACIFIC RAILWAY.
nized hostility of its rivals, who repudiated its stock until it became
unsaleable except at an immense sacrifice. .Under these circumstances the Canadian Government came temporarily to the assistance of the company. The section north of Lake Superior and in
British Columbia—the latter presenting great difficulties in crossing
the Rocky Mountains and the Selkirk and Gold ranges—were both
complete in the course of the present summer. The Canadian
Racific railway was thus finished six years before the limits of the
company's contract, and it only needed the formal opening ceremony
before starting on a career full of great promise. The advantages
that are claimed for the railway are certainly of a substantial nature,
and such as should exercise an important influence on its immediate
future^ The system of the Canadian Pacific railway is more compact, its route is shorter by 450 miles than that of any other of the
transcontinental lines; its equipment is most complete, and suited
to modern exigencies of traffic. Possessing uncontrolled its termini
on the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans—an advantage not possessed
by any of its competitors—it will not be forced to divide, like them,
with rival lines the earnings of the remunerative traffic that will
pass over its system. It already draws a large and steadily-increasing revenue from its local traffic, and its debt charges are so much
smaller than those of any of the other similar lines in a flourishing
condition, that low and yet remunerative rates will be possible, sine
qua non for attracting transit traffic. As an advantagously placed
route to the East, the railway will primarily commend itself to
English merchants. Its line runs entirely through British territory,
with large coal deposits at both ends, and it effects a saving of 900 '
miles over the United States route, and 1,300 miles over that via
Suez.    The comparative distances are as follows:—
LIVERPOOL TO YOKOHAMA.
Miles,    Days.
Via Suez •. 11,275
Miles,      Days.
C. Liverpool to New York X,040..
Via United States-^ N. Y. to San Francisco 3,320..
(S. F. to Yokohama 4,660..
( Liverpool to Montreal 2,790...
Via Canada      A Montreal to Port Mdy 2,911 4
(Port Mdy. to Yokohama.... 4,180.... 17£.... 9,884... .33
The above times are obtained by assuming a uniform speed of
nine to ten knots an hour on the sea passages, and thirty miles an
.12£
2
Hi
191
11,010. hour for passengers on the railway. Goods on the latter would go-
slower, say 20 miles an hour, or two days extra, and four days for
transhipment delays.
Of course faster passages—as little as 38 days, have been made
via Suez to Yokohama; but under lil^e conditions the passage via
Canada could be reduced to 27 days. Thus there will always be a
gain of from 11 to 17 days on the Canadian route, a matter that
should weigh with passengers when the rates would be the same by
both lines. In freight rates the difference will be much smaller
than is currently believed. Adopting as a basis the present through
rates via the States and via Suez, the difference will virtually lie between 2,911 miles of railway carriage (Montreal to Port Moody), at
y± of a cent per ton per mile, and 4,305 miles water carriage (the
balance of the Suez route over the sea passages of the Canadian
route) at J^ of a cent per ton per mile, minus the saving of time on
the Cadadian route, whatever that may be commercially worth.
The tolls of the Suez Canal may be held to equalise the transhipment charges at Montreal and Port Moody. The substantial gain
in time, and the ability of the Canadian Pacific railway company
to reduce their rates, must inevitably turn the scales in favor of the
Canadian route. The trade follows the flag is now a well recognized truism. It is, however, one of the chief reasons why the Canadian Pacific Railway should become the great Asiatic route to and
from Europe, inasmuch as the shipping of the world is owned and
operated by British Merchants, who will carry trade through channels of their own choice. It is indeed remarkable how signally the
American inter-oceanic railways have failed to draw the Asiatic trade
over their roads. A tolerably accurate explanation of the situation
is the evidence of a prominent Bostonian before the Committee of
Inquiry, which may be summed up in the few words that commerce
is now carried on so small a margin, and on such a great scale, that
the profit or loss depends upon the cost of transportation, the rate
of exchange, and facilities of credit, matters in all of which England
holds a commanding position. Thus it comes that England's position as the greatest maritime nation, and as the money or credit
centre of the world, is able in conjunction with her colonies to govern the general movement of commerce. The Canadian Pacific
railway as a British route to the East cannot fail to derive great benefits from the tendencies of these influences, which should ensure
it a comfortable future. Over its road will come the tea, coffee, rice,
spices, indigo, sandal and other woods, silks and textile fabrics, the
products of the countries of Eastern Asia, where everything points
to a great commercial development in the immediate future. As an
alternative route for the transmission of mails to the Australian colonies, the Canadian Pacific railway must sooner or later find recognition. Manchester mails via Montreal and Port Moody would
reach Sydney in 34 days, Brisbane in 35, Melbourne in 37, Adelaide
in 39, Wellington, New Zealand in 34, Hongkong in 32, and Yokohama in 27 days. This railway will bring about rapidly the settlement of the lands along the prairie section of its line, and the development of the mineral resources and the fisheries of the "Pacific
Province." It is sufficient to say that the progress the country will
make in the immediate future will amply justify the sacrifices that
have been made by Canadians generally for the establishment of
the road, and the patience and foresight of those who have pinned
their faith to it
[FROM  PICKEN'S  PAMPHLET, VANCOUVER.]
Completed now to Coal Harbor, Vancouver City, February, 1887.
The Company have a monopoly for 20 years of the territory
between its lines and the United States by prohibiting during that
period the building of lines there by other parties except southwest,
and not to approach within 15 miles of the frontier. Mr. Van Home,
the manager of the line, has stated that he will undertake with the
present equipment of the road, to transport 8,000 armed men a day
with their baggage and appurtenances from the Atlantic to the Pacific; that he could continue to do this for a week and in no case
the transit occupy more than a week. Thus 50,000 men with artillery and baggage can be started from England and within two
weeks the advance guard will arrive on the Pacific Coast, and all
could be there in three weeks after their departure. X
BRITISH  COLUMBIA DIRECTORY.
THE CANADIAN PACIFIC.
Points from the Annual Report of the Company.
(Colonist May 21st. 1887.)
Montreal, May 14.—The annual report of the Canadian Pacific railway company has been made public. It shows that the agreement entered into with the government on November 10th provided
for the payment to the company of the balance of the cash subsidy
and for the release of $4,000,000 of the $5,000,000 of the lands
grant bonds held by the government under the original contract.
These are now held by the company. The gross earnings for the
year were $10,008,183, the working expenses $6,378,317, leaving
the net earnings $3,703,487. Deducing the fixed charges, leaves a
surplus of $635,444.
The report says that although the railway was open for through
freight traffic only for the last five months of the past year no less
than seven cargoes of tea and other Chinese and Japanese commod-
ties were brought to the line during that time by sailing ships,
and consigned to the principal cities in Canada and to St. Paul,
Chicago, New York and other cities in the United States. A temporary service for the present season has been arranged for, to be
performed by three steamships between Vancouver and Yokohama
and Hongkong. Negotiations are in progress with the Imperial
government for the establishment of a first-class line of steamships
between Vancouver and China and Japan, and there can be little
doubt of satisfactory results. [The first of these steamships has
already arrived.—Ed.]
Before the next annual meeting trains of the Canadian Pacific will be running from Halifax to Vancouver; a branch of the
Sauit Ste. Marie line will be open; the Boston line will be fully
established; and it is expected that the Ontario and Quebec will
have an independent working connection with Chicago and the Western States. mainland advertisements.
'TIME 5   Wt
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C. M. McNAUGHTEN,
Jeweller and Watchmaker
M COLUMBIA ST., NEW WESTMINSTER.
usj
N22
GEORGE MEAD,
New Westminster, B. C.
SOLE AGENT for H. TIBBE, SON & CO\S
MISSOURI PATENT
CORN COB PIPES.
BS-Send to Geo. Mead, New Westminster,
for prices
Brunette Saw
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
ill
Kvery Description of Rough and
Dressed Lumber.
LUMBER KILN DRIED ON THE PREMISES.
The Mill is accessible by water and rail, and orders can be
filled and shipped promptly. Prices given on application. Correspondence solicite/1.
Yard at Vancouver, B, C.i
Address : BRUNETTE SAW MILL Co,, New Westminster, B.C.  VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
Victoria Planing Mill!
CONSTANCE STREET,
MUIRHEAD & MANN,
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN
Doors, Windows, Mouldings, Mering
IN  AND OUTSIDE BLINDS,
Conductors, Finished Pickets,'Scroll Sawing and Turning.
•If/  •      Door and Window Frames.
ALSO, SMALL FINISHING LlTMRER OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
i^P^Ship and Steamboat Work.    General Finishing Work  for
Contractors a specialty.
I D. S. SEARS,
SAIL   MAKER
WHARF ST., OVER E. B. MARVIN'S SHIP CHANDLERY.
Tents, Awnings, Tarpaulins, Hydraulic Hose and Horse
Covers on hand and made to order.
OLD   SAILS   BOUGHT   AND   SOLD.
Herrmann Q, Tiedemann,
ARCHITECT