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BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

The Vancouver daily world : illustrated souvenir publication. The financial, professional, manufacturing,… [1891?]

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VflficouvE^, B.C.
Lapp List of Choice Business Property in Vancouver from $100 to $§60
Oar Carriage is at the disposal of intending purchasers to inspect property
in and around Vancouver.
~W* have exclusive control of a ferge amount of property, located in every part of the city, and of Sub-divisions 628
and 629, in which prices of lots range from $155 to $300, terms ^ eash, balance in 6, 12 and 18
months.    These lots are as beautifully located as any in Vancouver, and offer a
good investment, whether for a home or for a speculation.
0rriGC:    -
texjEPhoits asro. asx.
139 CoRDevA Street.
2». O. BOX **IC.*'
 ; :	
Admirable Location—An Unrivalled and Magnificent
Harbor—Natural Position.
A  Historical and   Statistical   Review  of  the   PACIFIC
TERMINUS of the C. P. R.
Vancouver's Progress.
Brief Outline of its Wonderful
IN 1885, a traveller on the then fast
and commodious steamer Maude,
from Victoria to Burrard Inlet, would
observe on entering the Inlet on his right
or south side, a few scattering building,
along the shore line of the deep bay, then,
as now, called Coal Harbor.
b This hamlet went by the name of Gastown,
after a resident known as "Gassy Jack,"
who kept a saloon there, although the name
given it on the maps and by which it was
officially known was Granville. To reach
this place of possibly 150 inhabitants the
traveller was obliged to disembark at the
wharf at Hastings mill, about half a mile
east of the village, and from there thread
his way as be'-'' he could along a narrow
trail, through k.-nse timber to the only
places of public accommodation to be then
found on Burrard Inlet. There were at
this time three small hotels kept by J.
Griffiths, A. Johnstone, and Joseph Maunion,
for the accommodation of the loggers, vho
made Granville their headquarters when not
employed in the camps in the vicinity,
and also for the few visitors whom chance
or the weekly steamer from the Island
brought there.
This place in 1872 had been surveyed and
platted as a townsite and a few lots (66 and
132) had been sold from §50 to |100, according to their location, to persons then residing in the place. But so little was thought
of the situation and prospects that only
about thirteen lots were bought, and in
1878 a reserve was laid on the townsite and
kept thereon until the advent of the Canadian Pacific Railway, when by an act of
Parliament this townsite together with
other lands amounting in all to about 6000
acres, was donated to the railway company
upon condition that they made Coal Harbor
and English Bay their terminus for all
time to come. That portion of the City of
Vancouver now bounded by Coal Harbor on
the north, Cambie street on the west, Hastings on the south, and Carrall street on the
east is part of the orginal townsite, unaltered in any respect,   the rest of the site in
1885 having been re-surveyed and platted
in the interest of the Canadian Pacitie Railway by L. A. Hamilton, Esq., D. L. S.,
the company's first Land Commissioner
here. At this date (1885), the only streets
were Water from Carrall to Abbott, and
Carrall from the water to the intersection
of Cordova with that street, and with the
exception of the two roads leading to the
place, one from the North Arm of the
Fraser River, the other by way of Hastings
froiH New Westminster.
The whole country was a dense forest
of Douglas fir, hemlock, spruce, and cedar
trees of an enormous size, each variety being very plentiful, and the ground between
them a literal jungle of brushwood impenetrable to all save an expert woodsman.
To this place during the winter .seasons
thronged the hardy loggers from the camps
operated by the two lumbering companies
owning saw mills on the Inlet. To the
Hastings and Moodyville mills, and the
trade derived from these men and the ships
that came into the harbor for cargoes of
sawn lumber or piles, this place alone owed
its existence. Among the residents of Gran-
ville who are now prominent and leading
citizens of Vancouver and its vicinity might
be named, R. H. Alexander, now as then,
manager of the Hastings Saw Mills, J.
Miller, now Postmaster of Vancouver, then
Government agent for the district of Burrard Inlet; J. Huntley then Provincial. Constable and Collector, now He?lth and License Inspector of the city; J. Mansion,
then proprietor of the leading hotel, the
Granville, now a large property owner in
the eity and Mayor of Bowen Island; E.
McKendry, D. McNaughton, A. Johnstone.
J. Griffiths and a number of others, who
have seen the grand transformation effected
of a veritable howling wilderness into a
solid, substantial, compact and ever progressive city of about 18,000 inhabitants,
with a near future before it, seldom equalled
in the world's history and never excelled.
With these few preparatory remarks on the
early history of the Queen City of the west,
we will now leave Gastowa or Granville, as
it was more properly called and proceed to
note briefly and succinctly the marvellous
growth, progress and position of
and this will be best subserved by starting
with January 1st, 1886. At this period in
the histoiy of the embryo city it was known
for a oertanity that  the   greatest  trans-
' continental line of railway the world had
ever seen would shortly be extended to this
place, and all doubt was removed as to its
future by the fact that actual construction
of the extension from the "statutory terminus," at Port Moody, was under way.
Capitalists, speculators, real estate agents,
intending investors, both great and small,
began to flock ih until all the available
accommodation was filled to overflowing
and- premiums w ere freely offered many and
many a night for the privilege of a bed or
place to rest upon; billiard tables and other
such "soit places" being eagerly sought
after. With this rush of newcomers came
the large corps of engineers, road makers
and other handicraftsmen engaged in the
construction of the road and the survey of
the town, and also a large force of laborers,
working for parties who had contracted to
clear the site of the future city. This large
influx of people naturally invited the ira •
mediate erection of large numbers of buildings for their accomodation, and fabulous
stories are told of the eagerness with which
buildings were leased even before the foundations were laid or the material purchased
with which to build them. Many a time
during this year teams were seen waiting
their tarn at the saw mill for the lumber to
be sawn that was to comprise their loads,
and often during these stirring times has
the log lying in the water at the mill at daylight in the morning been transformed into
lumber,' hauled to town, been nailed in place
on a shack and offered shelter to the owner
while enjoying hianight's repose in one and
the same day. In fact such was fee demand
for building material, skilled labor to
handle it, and for buildings when finished
that the first. Council of the city, when
elected to office in May, 1886, had no place,
nor could a place be obtained in which to
transact the civic business and they were
forced to be content with quarters placed
at their disposal in the dining-room of the
Provincial Constable and Collector's house,
on the lot where now stands Fire Hall, No.
1, on Water street. These limited quarters "
(a room about 10x14) they occupied until
the disastrous fine of June 13th, of ihajj
year, forced them in. common with every
other inhabitant of the place to abandon it.
Here mention must be made of this.
of the City of Vancouver, for to them in a
great measure the prosperity, growth and
progress of the city  is due.    Coming into
office, as they did, with not a dollar in the
treasury, and no present means of raising
money, much needed public works to be
done at once, and with no municipal experience to guide them, would, it have been
any :wonderjj„even if the year had passed
without any calamity or set-backs, if these
pioneersiigj"civic government and control
' had been unable to cope with all the needs
of a new place growing faster, and with
more rapid strides than any city on this
continent had grown ? But these men were
not made of the material that weakens at
difficulties such as these. Having abiding
faith in the future of the city they set to
work with a will, and with the assistance of
some of the public-spirited citizens of the
place, soon had work on streets and roads
going on; opening up the different portions
of the city where new buildings were erected, and generally doing all in their power
to forward the city's interests at home and
abroad. This first Council was composed
of Mayor, M. A. Maclean; Aldermen Man-
nion, Griffiths,Northcott, Cordiner, Balfour,
Humphries, E. P. Hamilton, L. A. Hamilton, C. A. Coldwell and Thos. Dunn, and
just as they .had fairly out-lined a pi in of
public improvement, and fiscal policy, fitted
to the urgent requirements of the city, all
■ their high hopes and fond aspirations were
blasted by
which occurred on Sunday, June 13th,
1886, in which inside of one hour the city
was literally wiped out of existence, the inhabitants bereft of all they owned, with nothing left save smouldering embers, and the
blackened, begrimed site, of what had been
the nucleus of a fair city. Three hundred
aud fifty buildings were, as if in a flash, destroyed; 2,500 people were rendered destitute and homeless, and about §3,500,000 of
property destroyed. This catastrophe occurred at about 2 p.m., of Sunday, and at
4 a. m., of the Monday following, before the
ground had fairly cooled off, the hum of the
handsaw and ring of the hammer were heard
in various parts of the town, and it stands
recorded as a literal fact, fitly demonstrating tile mettle of the pioneers of this city,
that at least in one instance the tables were
spread and a meal partaken of in what is
now known as the Northern Hotel, on
Hastings street, the evening of the day
following the great fire.    So rapid was the
after the fire, that on December 31st, 1886,
there were estimated to be 350 buildings on
the townsite and a resident population of
at least -2,600 souls, with an assessed valuation of $2,639,877.
From the date of the fire improvement
and progress were the order of the day.
Buildings went up in all directions, some of
large proportions and costly materials.
Brick and stone became of general use, owing to the setting a part of ample fire limits
in the more central portions of the city.
School houses and other public buildings
in keeping with its growth and growing
importance were erected so that at the end
of 1887, 900 buildings were in the city with
an assessed value of $3,650,070 and a population estimated at 6,000. The Canadian
Pacific Railway Company now proceeded
with the erection of suitable wharves and
warehouses for the accommodation of the
China and Japan trade and a line of steamers were placed on this route, thus adding
another channel of trade to those already
instituted by way of Portland, Oregon and
California. The effect of this was immediately felt by the impetus given to building
in the vicinity of the docks and by the influx of tourists brought hither by the
knowledge that a hew, expeditious, short,
cheap and all-British rail and steamer route
had been opened up between the Occident
and Orient. These causes, together with
the establishment during this year of a number of other manufacturing establishments,,,
principally in iron and wood, and the large
expenditure made by the corporation in the
opening up of streets, and building of sidewalks, erection of public buildings, permanent system of sewerage, combined to
Cause the year 1888 to be a continuance of
that had dawned upon the city after the
great fire, and this prosperity is amply
evidenced by the increase in the number of
buildings and population. The buildings in
Deccember 1888, numbered 1150, the population 9,500, with au assessed valuation of
The year 1889 witneesed a repetition of the
former marvellous and unprecedented
growth of the city. Buildings of greater
beauty and value were erected than in former years, in fact some of these erected during this period would rival many of those
in older and more pretentious cities. Gas
and electric lighting were introduced and
used for both public and private use; new
lines of steamships were inaugurated and
placed in successful operation, An agreement was entered into with responsible
parties for the inauguration of au efficient
electric tramway on the principal streets of
the city and a system of waterworks put in
operation capable of supplying a city of
5O,00Q inhabitants with pure water and
ample pressure for fire and manufacturing
purposes. With these additional advantages is it any wonder that we find the year
1889 closeing with the number of buildings increased to 1956, the population increased to
13,000 and the assessed value of property io
The year 1890 found the City of Vancouver in possession of a population of 15,000,
with buildings numbering 2646 and an assessed valuation in round numbers of $10,-
000,000 and containing within its limits
about 45 miles of sidewalks 3.0-miles of
graded streets, 1\ miles of permanent sewers, of the most modern design, 11 churches,
5 public schoolbouses, City hall, jail, 2 fire
halls; a well organized paid fire department,
2 large iron foundries, 7 lumber mills,
sugar refinery, 1 smelter. Provincial Government buildings and County court house,
3 chartered banks, 55 hotels, a complete
and efficient telephone service, an electric
tramway on six streets, a rate of taxation
of only one per cent, and a future before it
such as no city has ever yet had, standing
as it does midway on the shortest route between Great Britain on the one hand and
her most remote colonies of Hong Kong and
Australia ou the other—a route admitted
to be the shortest, accessible at all timeu of
the year on British soil its entire length—
and in a maimer mating the whole northern hemisphere tributary to it by standing
as it does at the
through which in time must come not only
the Japan and China trado- for Canada and
Britain, but also for the United States as
well as the trade of Australia, the Sandwich and South Sea Islands, Borneo, the
Phillipine Islands and Malay Archipelago.
This is no fancy sketch of the future, but is
based on the ordinary laws of commerce
and trade, which must of necessity seek the
shorter, and consquently the cheaper, route
for its commodities to hope to compete in
the markets of the world. It is no more
than just to expect a repetition of by-gone
history, which in the case of this, the City
of Vancouver, would warrant the prectic -
tion that m the year 1910 where to-day
stands a city of 18,000 inhabitants there
will be a city unequalled in size, importance
and wealth on the shores of the Pacific,
with lines of ocean steamers plying to all
ports of the trans-Pacific, with railroads
centering here from all parts of the Pacific
Coast and the North-west, extending from
the United States northwards to Alaska—
a city second to ndne in the Dominion of
Canada—a veritable modern shipping and
commercial Tyre.
Everyone visiting Vancouver will admit
that it is difficult to conceive of a site more admirably adapted for the situation of a great
commercial city than the peninsula upon
which this city is located. Nature and the
development of commerce in the greater
part of this hemisphere both point to Vancouver as the inevitable site of one of the great
commercial centers of the world. It is the
gateway through which must pass a large
share of the enormous traffic of the globe.
Upon one side rolls the vast Pacific, bearing from the distant shores of Japan and
China, of Australia and New Zealand, of
the hundreds of isles of the southern seas,
the huge cargoes that go to swell the commerce of nations. Their destination is to
the uttermost parts of the world, but they
come first to Vancouver. On the other side
of this city is the great continent of North
America with its mines, forests, agricultural lands, manufactures, growing cities and
unlimited wealth. The location of this city
is one of the most beautiful that could be
imagined and its surroundings are a source
of neverfailing delight to inhabitants and
visitors. In this respect no other city of
the Pacific coast of North America can
compare wi hit. G ently rising fro in the south
shore of Burrard Inlet ou the north side,
and from the waters of False Creek on the
south, those of the two inlets being only
separated by a narrow ne^k of lau.\ almost
in the centre of the city, the site presents
every feature that is desirable, whether regarded from the immense importance of a
seaport, which its miles of water front make it;
from the convenience to the residents which
the. shape of the peninsula affords as regards
business, or from the advantage—.from a
sanitary point of view, the laud rising with
a graceful incline from the water's edge,
it enjoys of a foreshore clearly defined and
allowing a facility in draining that makes
it one of the cleauest and most beautiful
cities on the continent. The scenery that
surrounds the city is magnuiceut Across
the harbor towers the grand range of the
Cascades, stretching far as the eye can reach,
snow covered in winter, and on the loftier
summits wearing its snowy mantle far into
the summer. At all seasons these mountains are a beautiful object for the eye to
rest upon, especially upon a clear day,
when their splendid panorama is fully an-
rolled to the observer's delighted vision.
On the other side stretch the calm waters of
English Bay and the Gulf of Georgia, with a
range of blue hills beyond. On the south
and east, Vancouver is shut in by the dark
masses of the primeval forests on which
the woodman's axe scarce seems to have
made itself felt.. For picturesque beauty,
sublimity and grandeur, the site of Vancouver is unsurpassed by that of any other city
in the world. The city is handsomely laid
out in broad and straight streets, graded
and planked. The part most closely built
lies along the harbor; and in this portion of
the city hundreds of fine business premises
have been erected, which would do credit
to the best streets in Toronto, Montreal or
any of the larger cities across the border.
Private residences and other buildings, most
of them of handsome design and modern in
architecture, extend far back from the
chief business streets, covering the high
ground to the south of the harbor. The
city is handsomely and thoroughly lighted
by electricity, and is provided with fine
water works, gas Works, and' an efficient
electric street car service. West of the
city and adjoining the principal residence
portion lies
eight miles in circumference. This park,
named after the Governor-General of Canada, was presented to the city by the Dominion Government, reserving the right to use
it for military purposes when required. The
scenery around, and in the park, is simply
magnificent, several views of which are
given in this edition. It is covered by an
immense forest of trees, consisting principally of eedar, Douglas fir, hemlock, spruce
and bald leaf maple; while the undergrowth
of fern and berry bushes is so dense and luxuriant that it rivals the tropics. The
larger trees are from 30 to 55 feet in circumference and from 200 to 300 feet high.
Much has been done to improve the park;
a bridle path has been made among the
largest of the trees and a carriage drive extends around the park and along the water's
edge nine miles in length, three miles of which
are covered with clam shells from a deposit
eight feet deep, found in the park. On the
west side of the park a splendid view is
obtained of English Bay, the Gulf of Georgia, the entrance of Howe Sound and Vancouver Island, with its snow-tipped mountains, 50 miles distant. At the extreme
northern end of the drive, on the bluff overhanging the First Narrows, a magnificent
panorama of forest, sea and mountain
stretches out both easterly and westerly.
On the east a splendid view is obtained of
Mount Baker, 75 miles distant, the Golden
Ear mountains and the whole of Burrard
Inlet. lit is unneccessary to state that such a
site stands unrivalled and unique among the
drives and natural parks of the cities of
the world.
This magnificent and unrivalled harbor,
known on the Admiralty charts as Burrard
Inlet, so named after its discoverer, upon
the shores of which Vancouver is built, is
the first great harbor which indents the
coast of British Columbia north of the 49 th
parallel, and taking everything into consideration, is probably not surpassed by any
natural harbor in North or South America.
Completely landlocked, its entrance is between Point Grey on the south and Point
Atkinson on the north. Point Grey, a
long wooded promontory terminating in a
rounded bluff, is very conspicious from the
southward, while Bo wen Island, which lies
at the entrance of Howe Sound and may
also be said to form the northern boundary
of the Inlet, is very remarkable. Its high,
round and very bare summit reaches an
elevation of 2,479 feet and is easily recognized from any point of view. Burrard Inlet differs from most of the great Sounds of
this coast by being extremely easy of access
to vessels of any size and class, and in the
convenient depth of water for anchorage
which may be found in any part of it. Vancouver harbor is entered from the Gulf of
Georgia through a channel averaging a width
of about 1,500 yards, this entrance, forming a strait about one mile in length. Upon a vessel rounding Brockton Point, at the
eastern extremity of the strait forming the
entrance to Vancouver harbor proper, an
expanse of land-locked waters trending
eastward for some thirteen miles, and having
an average breadth of over two miles, bursts
upon the view of the navigator with neither
reef, shoal, nor rock to obstruct his progress.
This sheet of water has 25 miles of water
surface available for harbor purposes, a harbor not only sufficient to float the combined
navie3 of the world, but also the greater
portion of the merchant marine. Good
anchorage at reasonable depth is obtainable
at all stages of the tide over the greater
portion of this vast water area, and ships
of the greatest draught can anchor within
one hundred yards of the shore line in any
part. The entrance to the harbor is so
easy of access that large sailing vessels of
from 1,500 to 2,500 tons register have at
different times sailed in and dropped anchor
at the respective saw mills without any
assistance from pilot or towboat. What
has cost other seaports vast expenditures to
provide, nature has presented as a free gift
to Vancouver, and there is nothing to detract from the possibility of landing, handling and distributing merchandise from the
shipping at a cost which cannot be done at
any other port on the coast. The harbor is
entirely free from high winds, so that a
vessel once moored need not be secured in
any other manner than by her one anchor,
if in the stream, or by the same mooring as
she would use if in an artificial dock at
other ports. No sea ever forms on the surface ©f this harbor. The thermometer, even
on the coldest day in the year, never registers below zero and very seldom registering even that low.
Situated on the shores of this unrivalled
harbor are the following manufacturing establishments; two iron foundries and
machine shops, two ship building yards,
six saw mills, one shingle mill, a lime kiln,
a sugar refinery, a smelter, and about three
miles of dockage for vessels of the largest
draught, representing a capital invested of
over $2,000,000. Steam ferries ply between
the City of Vancouver, on the south shore of
this harbor, with Moodyville, Hastings, the
Mission, N orth Vancouver, Capilano, North
Arm and Port Moody, and telephone and
telegraph communication is made from
Vancouver to all these points. Outside of
the harbor proper, in the bay formed by
Point Grey on the south and Point Atkinson on the north, lies English Bay, a large
well sheltered roadstead, with good anchorage and protected from all winds by the
surrounding high lands to the north, south,
and east, and by a shoal formed by the deposits from the Fraser River on the south
thus giving the port of Vancouver a natural
inner and outer harbor superior in all respects, both as to size, security, location and
adaptability, to any that mtn ever with
unlimited capital could possibly prednce—a
port and harbor that will undoubtedly in
the near future be as well known and as
much sought after as any on the Pacific
coast—surrounded, as it is, by so many natural advantages and backed up by the trade
of not only the Dominion of Canada, bat
also by that of nearly the whole of the
British Empire and a large portion of the
United States. Into this magnificent harbor will continue to come in largely increasing numbers from month to month, and
from year to year, vessels hailing from,
every port of commerce in the world,
and there is certainly accommodation for
all. The harbor is always full of shipping,
some of them coasting craft and steam
tugs; others large steamers and sailing
vessels for the ocean trade, for China, Japan, Australia, South Sea Islands, the
Pacific coast, the Eastern States and Europe.
Vancouver's position as a seaport is unrivalled, as the trade of Canada with the
Orient, Australia and the Islands of the
Pacific ocean must ultimately center here.
Here too will be the great distributing point
for the Mainland of British Columbia, and
at no distant day Vancouver must become
for the western half of Canada what Montreal is for the eastern half. With all the
advantages endowed by nature, with the
magnificent wharves already built and the
large graving dock shortly to be built,
Vancouver's position as The Seaport
of the North Pacific is assurred.
5TH,   1891.
Industry. Invested Annual Mo. of
Cap. Wag. Emp.
Newspapers  ? 35,000 % 55,000 86
Job priu't offices  10,000 I2.U00 15
Lime Kilns  50,000 5,000 17
Sugar Refinery  200,uOO 60,000 50
Foundries & machine shops   185,000 96,000 105
Vancouver G. (Jo  200,000 60,000 50
Tannery  5,000 4,500 6
Steam laundry  5,500 4.000 10
B. . Oan'g Co  15,000 6,000 30
Vau'ver M. & T. Co.. 35,000 18,000 40
Salmon Canneries... 150,000 12,000 200
Brickyards   :- "^ 35,000 18,000 40
Soap works  10,000 3,000 3
Breweries  50,000 15,500 18
Bakeries   10,000 10,000 25
Blacksmiths  15,000 8,000 10
Boatbuil.ers  15,000 10,000 10
Bookbinders  •     5,000 5,000 10
Bottling  2,000 3,000 4
Candy factory  10,000 5.900 10
Cooperage      1,500 1,500 2
Electric Tramwav &
Lighting Co....'... 320,000 36,000 45
Tailoring    ... 25,000 54,000 60
Baking powder  5,000 2,000 S
Van'ver Water Co... 250,000 12,000 15
Port    Moodv    Saw
Mills   20,000 15,000 87
Cassadv & Co        50,000 20,000 40
Van Shingle Mill ... 20,000 22,000 40
Royal City Planing
Mills  185,000 72,000' 90
Com'cial Mills  100,000 36,000 70
Morse & Boggs  160,000 40,000 70
Hastings Mill  500,000 150,000 30O
Moodyville Mill  250,000 80.000 185
Vancouver Mill  50,000 24 000 50
Reefer's qaar'v  10,000 10,000 12
C. P. R. Snops, etc... 500,000 400,000 600
Total of ind'rs.... $3,379,000 ?1,291;50« 2,357
Dry Goonis, retail	
u wholesale
Hardware, etc	
Butchering ...'	
Boots and shoes 	
Groceries, retail ....
" wholesale
Drug stores.. XfL'T?
Fish, game, etc 	
Books & stationery .
Hotels   ......:.
Real estate ....'	
Gunsmiths ...i^.U".*-
Japanese stores 	
Jewellery, etc	
Fancy goods	
Feed stores 	
Florists, etc L.-.-..-: '...
Fruit stores	
General stores 	
Boarding houses	
Gigar Factories. ...
Builders' materials..
Dentists   <Wxi •;£
Civil engineers	
Coal merebauts ....
Commission mer'cht
Painters and decor-
Soda water	
Banks (office)	
Agents ....;....'  ..
Smelting works	
Secondhand stores.
Restaurants  ..."	
Medical men, official
Livery and Feed
Steamship Co's	
Tea merchants	
Tobacconists.. .-:*....:
Wag.      Emp.
$ 25,500 50
10 000
$3,018,000      $124,500
List of joint stock companies organized
prior to 1889 and since then, in Vancouver:
Name of Company. Capital.
Prior to 1889.
Moodyvllle Saw Mill Co $
Hastings Saw Mill	
Royal City Planing  MiUs	
Vancouver City Gas Co 	
Vancouver City Water Works	
Vancouver Found, ry	
B. C. Smelting Co	
San Juan Lime Co	
.     500,000
.     500,000
Vancouver Ice Co  $
Vancouver Fisheries Co	
Vancouver Enterprise Manufacturing
Vancouver Lumber Co.......'..	
Vancouver'Soap Co .'	
Vancouver Texada Lime Co 	
Amalgamated Hastings & Royal City
Plaining Mills Co	
Union Steamship Co     	
• Total.- .'     $845,000
1890.    .
B. C. Deep Sea Fishing Co $   100,000
Crow's Box Mining Co       25,000
Garry Point Canning Co  ,-^89,000
Vancouver Land and Securities Corporation  ■ ,...■   2,.".00,000
Vancouver City Land Co   .... ■.-.■..      140,000
Vancouver Loan, Trust   Savings and
Guarantee Co      £00,000
Yorkshire Guarantee Co    2,500,000
Dawson Baking Powder       25,000
Qkanagan Land and Development Co,     225,000
Canadian Pacific Lumbering and Timber Co  500,000
Vancouver Smelting Co  250,000
B C. Improvement Co  500,000
Vau'ver Shipbuilding and Sealing Co 200,000
Vancouver Catfby Co   25,000
Imperial Steamship Co   50,000
Telegram Printing Co   12,000
Vancouver and Lulu Island  Electric
Tramway  230,000
Vancouver Gurney Cab Co   60,000
Canadian and American Mortgage Co. 250,000
Sugar Refinery   500,000
Fraser River Gold Gravels Syndicate.. 35,000
Vancouver Manufacturing and Trading Co   100,000
B. O. Canning Co .-".'..--... *ay.... 20,000
Oriental Tradeiiig Co  250,000
Vanver  Electric Lighting and Training Co    500,000
Vancouver Tannery Co   10,000
B. C. Iron Works   100,000
Pitt Meadows Improvement Co  100,000
;;..,.<vyi< 10066,000
ivKfT.V;.... 700,000
Total for 1890....
" " 1889....
".   Prior to 1889
Less defunct capital.
Net amount..,	
Businesses in
Industries ........
Joint Stock
Companies ...
Lumber Interests
Value of fleet ...
..  !.; 1888        1890
630 1289
Capital Wages
Invested.     Paid.
 $3,817,900   $1,291,500
1,731,500    2,369
1,085,000    1,900
Total    Capital     i
Total Wages Paid
Number of Employes...
Capital of Banks'Trading in Vanccu-
vcr "... '..,£:..,IV:: $35,000,000
Amount of Public Improvements        650 000
Invested in Real Estate....i.--;.S'     ....   10,000,000
Invested in Buildings.....    5.000,800
As a Railway Centre.
That Vancouver is destined to become
the railway centre for the North Pacific
coast is evident from the fact that all railways, transcontinental as well as coast
lines, are either here already or are
heading for ihis city and its unrivalled harbor, whose fame has already extended all
over the world as being the safest and most
desirable harbor and anchorage ground on
the Pacific coast. Here are already located
the headquarters for the officials of the
Pacific Division of the Canadian Pacific
Railway. In a short time it is expepted
the Great Northern will be extended from
Liverpool, on the south side of the Fraser,
to Vancouver. It is a foregone conclusion
that the Northern Pacific Railway will likewise find its Northern outlet on -Burrard In
let, and at Vaacouver. Inaddition to these
great transcontinental bands of steel it is
certain that lines will be extended all
through the superb valley of the Fraser
from Vancouver. In the course of a few
weeks the twin cities of Vancouver and
New Westminster will be connected by an
electric railway service, whilst another is
in contemplate from the Inlet to the Fraser
river on through the fertile municipality
of Richmond to Ladner's Landing. In
brief Vancouver, is bound to become as
great a railway centre as it will be a shipping and a commercial emporum. The ease
with which it can be reached from all parts
of the continent by land, and the unrivalled
advantage it enjoys in its magnificent harbor, which practicably embraces the whole
of Burrard Inlet and English Bay, renders
the city a most desirable point for railway
corporations to reach.
»3O,OOO,0OO Controlled by the Chartei
ed Ranks Doing Business in Vancouver—Abundance  of Money far all
Rusinegs Purposes.
Few cities in the Province possess such
banking facilities as does the City of Vancouver. Besides the three large and influential banks, viz: The Bank of British
Columbia, the Bank of British North America and the Bank of Montreal, there are two
private banking bouses; those of Bewicke
& WulBsohn, and Casement & Creery,
each of which transacts a general banking
business of considerable dimensions. The
chartered banks report a year of general
satisfactory results and a large increase in
business and deposits over former years.
The outlook is regarded as very encouraging
and business is viewed by the local managers as very bright for the coming year.
Bank of British Columbia.
This solid and influential financial institution is the oldest bank in British Columbia. It was established in this city Sept.
1st, 188(5, with Mr. J. C. Keith as manager.
The bank has a' capital of £2,000,000, of
which £600,000 is paid up. Its accumulated surplus is ' £215,000. The present directors are Robert Gillespie,
chairman ; Eden Colville, deputy chairman;
James Anderson, Thos. G. Gillespie, Sir
Charles Tupper, Bart., G. C. M. C, C. B.,
and Constantine W. Benson are the court of
directors. A general banking business is
transacted, the bank having correspondents
and agencies in all the principal cities
of Canada, Europe, and the United States.
In addition to their general banking business the Bank has
opened a savings department, receiving deposits from one dollar upwards,
and paying interest at the rate of 4 per cent,
per annum.
Since the establishment of the bank in
this city it has been wonderfully
successful and through the able management of Mr. Keith has established itself
thoroughly as a Vancouver institution. Mr.
Keith is one of our most progressive and
influential citizens, and is thoroughly identified with every enterprise to advance the
city's interests.
Bank of British North America.
This banking institution is one of the
stauncbest financial corporations in the
Dominion. The bank was incorporated
by Royal charter: has a paid capital of
£1,000,000 sterling and a reserve fund of
£265,000, The court of directors is composed of the following well known gentlemen: J. H. Brodie, John James Cater,
Henry R. Farrer, Gaspard Farrer, Richard
H. Glyn, E. A. Hoare, H. J. B. Kendall,
J. J. Kingsford, Frederic Lubbock and
Geo. D. Whatman with A. G. Walhs secretary. The head office of the bank is located in St. James street, Montreal, of which
Mr. R. R. Grindley is General Manager and
E. Stanger, Inspector. They have branches
and agencies in all the principal cities of
Canada and also correspondents in England,
Ireland, Scotland, France, Australia, India,
China, Japan, and the West Indies. Their
branches and agencies in Canada embrace
the following cities, viz: London, Brantford,
Paris, Hamilton, ToronCo, Brandon, Kingston, Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec, St. John,
Fredericton, Halifax, Victoria, Vancouver
and Winnipeg. The business here is under
the management of Mr. W. Godfrey.
Bank of Montreal.
The Bask of Montreal was established in
1817, and incorporated by j ct of Parliament. The authorized and paid up capital
is $12,000,000, its rest or reserve fund
§6,000,000. The head office of the bank is
at Montreal, with branches in all the leading cities of Canada, and also in London and
Liverpool, England. It has also correspondents in the prominent cities of United States.
The Board of Directors is composed of Sir
D. A. Smith, K.C.M.G., president; Hon. G.
A. Drummond, vice-president; Gilbert
Scott,   A. T.  Paterson,   Hugh McLennan,
E. B. Greenshields, W. C. Macdonald, Hon.
J. J. C. Abbott, C. S. Watson, E. S. Clous-
ton General Manager. The branch in this
city is under the management of Mr. Campbell Sweeny.
Bewicke &  Wulffsohn.
This leading firm was establishad here
early in 1887, and were the first private
brokers. The individual members are P. H.
Bewicke, and Johann Wulffsohn. Mr.
Wulffsohn, the managing partner, in this
city, was born in Hamburg, Germany, May
16th, 1858, and educated at the High school
of his native city. After leaving school at
the age of sixteen he entered the house of
Meyer Adolph Nathan, the leading importing
and exporting firm of Hamburg, where he received his business education, remaining
with them for five years. At the age of 21
he engaged in business for himself as import
and export merchant, the house of Johann
Wulffsohn being still in existence in Ham-
burgTThis business necessitated considerable
travel, and in consequence Mr. Wulffsohn
has visited almost every country on the
globe, and is one of the best linguists on the
Pacific eoast, speaking French, German,
Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, and English-
Previous to coming to this city he established an importing and exporting business
in Brazil. Mr. Wulffsohn arrived at Vancouver, in August, 1886, almost immediately after the great fire, when the young city
was a mass of smouldering ruins. But
recognising even at that time the advantages of this point, as a commercial centre,
he decided to locate here. Returning to
Germany, he perfected arrangements there,
and returned here on Christmas day, 1886,
and early in 1887 established the present
businesss. The firm has prospered wonderfully through the business ability and energy of Mr. Wulffsohn, and is to day the
leading one of the kind in British Columbia.
They occupy commodious and elegant
quarters at 424 and 426 Cordova street,
which are equipped with every convenience
for the conduct of their immense business,
and employ a large force of clerks in the
various departments. Their business is
divided into different departments, viz,
banking, st ock - broking, real estate, loans and
insurance, and general import and export
merchandising. In their banking department they do a general banking business,
discount bills, collect cheques, effect changes
and buy and sell corporation bonds, mining
stocks, gas and other company shares. In
their real estate, loan and insurance department, they buy and sell real estate, collect
rents and take full charge of the management of estates for non residents. They
also represent some of the largest and
strongest fire and life insurance companies
in the world, among which are the Equitable Life Assurance Society of New York;
Connecticut Fire Insurance Society of
Canton, (marine); London Assurance Corporation of London, England, (fire), and
the German Re and Co. Insurance Company
of Berlin, Germany. As capitalists they
command many advantages, amongst
others paying losses immediately without
delay and without waiting for the arrival
of money from the home offices. They have
agencies in Hamburg, Berlin, Vienna, Paris,
Havre, Antwerp, London, Glasgow, Montreal, New York, San Francisco, Victoria,
Rio de Janiero, Buenos Ayres, Yokohama,
Kobe, Hiag", Hong Kong, Shanghai and
other points. In exporting and importing
they handle various merchandise in cargo
and carload lots and are constantly extending their trade. Mr. Wulffsohn is now in
Europe, for the purpose of opening a branch
house in London and completing other arrangements of great import to his firm
and to this city from a commercial point of
The traveller in the west oftimes finds
it to be the case that good hotels are few
and far between. In 1886 the management
of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company,
with wise forethought, realizing the metropolitan destiny of the new City of Vancouver, and anxious to provide the traveller
at his journey's end with such comforts as
he would enjoy in the east, built and equipped the Hotel Vancouver. Metropolitan
indeed is Vancouver. No young city of its
age is more so, and the Hotel Vancouver
enjoys a reputation, not alone confined to
Canada but is well known in the United
States, also to the English tourist, and the
traveller from far distant China ana Japan,
and the coral strands of India. Although
it is only three years since The Vancouver
was opened it already shows a record which
might well be envied. It occupies a charming site, on high ground, overlooking Burrard Inlet and the mountains of the Coast
range beyond. From the fourth floor of
the building can be seen the lofty summit of
the famous Mount Baker 70 miles away in
the State of Washington. The success of
the Hotel Vancouver is due largely to the
fact that the railway company has retained the management of it. It is substantially built of brick and stone; has a
good frontage and is very imposing in appearance. The building is heated by steam
aud lighted by electricity from a plant located near the bouse. The office, billiard
room and bar are large and commodious,
handsomely frescoed and finished in hard
wood. The corridors and parlors are spac ■
ious and are furnished with taste and elegance. The rooms available for guests
number one hundred and twenty-five, and
are as luxurious and comfortable as one
could wish. A large number are en suite
and are provided with baths and other conveniences, while private parlors md sitting
rooms are also a special feature. Particular
attention has been paid to the general equipment and everything is of the best.   Guests
will not fail to observe the general air of
cleanliness, neatness and order prevailing
the establishment. The dining room has
a seating capacity of seventy-five and the
attendance is of the best. Great care is
• taken with the table equipment and in this
respect is equal to the best hotels in Amer-
ca. In the matter of cuisine the Hotel
Vancouver is too well and favorably known
to require mention. Tne hotel is ran entirely on the American plan, the rates being from §3 to §4.50 per day according
to room, with special reduction to parties
desiring to make a continuous stay. Convenient sample rooms are provided for the
commercial trade. The manager, Mr. S. S.
Gere, is ably assisted by an efficient staff,
and is courteous in manner and untiring in
his efforts to please his patrons. He has
been for some years in the employ of the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company, and is
well known all over Canada.
This house, which is a substantial granite
and brick edifice, was erected by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, in the
most approved manner, at a cost of nearly
$100,000. It is the leading place of amusement in the city and seats 120i> people.
The stage is large and in all its appointments
is equal to the best stage known. There
are eight large comfortably furnished dressing rooms, heated with steam for the artists,
also lavatories and every other convenience,
The house is furnished throughout with
handsome antique oak, plush covered chairs.
The entrance, lobbies, ladies" and gentle-
mens' retiring room, cloak room, etc., etc.,
are of the most comfortable character, while
the decorations are all most chaste. The
scenery which is particularly fine, was
painted by a leading artist of New York,
brought on expressly for the purpose.
Every precaution has been taken to guard
against fire. The stage has been fitted with
three hydrants, supplied with water from the
city water works and 250 feet of hose.
There are also several Babceeks throughout
the building, and water pails conveniently
placed ready for use. It is also contemplated to put in automatic sprinklers over
the stage. Two large exit doors are conveniently situated, through which and the
regular doors, the house could be emptied
in a few seconds. It will thus be seen, that
not only has the comfort of the artists
and audience been carefully considered,
but their safety in case of any alarm of fire,
has in every way been well provided for.
Taking this house as a whole, its substantial construction, and perfect equipment in
every respect, makes it at least equal, if
not superior to any theatre, and to confirm
this statement, it is only necessary to quote
the opinion expressed by Miss Emma J'uch,
who, when writing of the house shortly
after its dedication by the Emma Juch
Grand English Opera Company, says: "It
is one of tbe mast comfortable and generously constructed edifices, especially adapted
to music, of which I know and I question
if there is an opera house that will equal it."
A  School   Population  of   over   15,00—
New School Building* Erected Yearly—A Popular General  System—
Whetham College.
The public school system of British Columbia is equal probably to any other in
Canada, with the educational standard about
the same as that of Ontario. The main
difference consists in the fact that here the
schools are under the direct control of the
Government, the maintenance of which is
provided for by a direct vote of the Provincial Legislature.
By the amended School Act, recently
passed by the Legislature, a change has
taken place in the system of electing school
trustees. Hereafter each municipality will
elect four out of the seven trustees, and the
Government of the Province the other three.
The period for which each trustee is elected
varies from one to three years.
No 'better criterion of the growth and
prosperity of Vancouver can be cited than
is found in the advancement of public
school matters. Less than three years ago
there was only one school building, which
was situated in the East End, with three
teachers and an attendance of 250 pupils.
At that time there were comparatively few
families in the city, the population, consisting largely of unmarried men or those who
had left tJheir families in the east, preparatory to building homes here, before sending for the latter to share life with them.
Facilities even at that time were inadequate
to the school population and the trustees
and parents were constantly pressing the
Government for better accommodations.
Their demands were acceded to as fast as
Government found itself able to move. At
the beginning of the year 1889 two
new schools were opened, one across
False Creek on Mount Pleasant, and
one in the West End, and the staff
of teachers increased to nine, with a
school attendance of between 500 and 600.
As soon as the schools were opened they
were filled up and the agitation continued
without any cessation for increased accommodation. This resulted during 1889 in
a temporary building being obtained as a
Central school, while a large brick structure
68x74 feet in dimensions, containing eight
large rooms, was being erected. The new
central school, of which au illustration appears in this number, accommodates 500
pupils. There are now fourschonls and
one High school in the city, with the number ot teachers and attendance as follows:—
M ount Pleasant school, three teachers with
181- pupils ; East End School, six teachers
and470 pupils; Central School, seven teachers
and 430 pupils; West End School, five teachers and 310 pupils; High School, one teacher
and 35 pupils.
In 1889 there were 12 teachers, with an
attendance of 1000 pupils while in 1890 we
find 21 teachers and the attendance nearly
In addition to the public schools of the
city numerous private institutions flourish
here, giving parents the opportunity of obtaining for their children as good an education as any city in Canada affords.
Though so young a city, Vancouver has
already a flourishing educational institution
which in many of its essential features is
probably without a peer on the continent.
Whetham College, under the distinguished
patronage of His Honor the Lieutenant-
Governor of British Columbia, is designed
especially \ for the secondary education of
gentlemen's sons. Its strongest features
may be best described as a happy combination of the principle of private tuition, with
all the advantages of college "life. Experience has shown that it is impossible to exclude evils even of the most disastrous kind
from large boarding schools formed on the
English model. Aside from the moral influences of such schools the tendency is
necessarily to reduce all to the same mental
level. Classes and subjects are arranged to
suit the average boy while the individual
drops out of sight. The promoters of
Whetham College have recognized that
while the numbers of boys must be sufficiently large to admit of a healthy rivalry in
studies and sports the limit must be fixed
some where. Classes must be so small that
every boy's wants may receive careful and
constant attention. Masters must be sufficiently numerous to admit of such subdivision of work that no master shall attempt to present a subject in which he is
not an acknowledged specialist. The minimum number of masters necessary to deal
with ordinary academic subjects was fixed
at four, exclusive of directors in workshop,
garden and gymnasium. The maximum
number of boys in each class was next fixed,
thus giving a maximum limit of sixty as a
full school. Another special feature Of the
college is the recognition oi the value
of mechanical and physical training from a physiological point of view. The
workshop,* garden and well equipped gymnasium are important adjuncts of the school.
Swimming, fencing, military drill and the
study of industrial processes are amply provided for.
Every boy is carefully examined from
time to time, by the regular medical adviser
of the college, and excessive work or play is
guarded against, while bad habits are observed and corrected. Boys are prepared
for civil service examinations for the army
and navy; for entrance to army, technical
school or university, and for first and
second year examinations in art leading to
the degree of B. A. in any university. Arrangements are being made by which boys
may write on examination papers for entrance to the leading institutions of Canada
and the United States without leaving the
city. Boys will thus be spired a long and
otherwise unavoidable, to say nothing about
the expensive, journey.
No expense has been spared in securing a
staff of masters eminently qualified not only
as scholars, but as experienced and successful teachers. The principal, Mr. Chas.
Whetham, is a Master of Arts of Toronto
University, late Fellow of Toronto, and also
in Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore,
and for two years master in Upper Canada
College, and examiner in Toronto University.
Mr. H. Rushton Fairclough, classical
master, is also an honor graduate of Toronto
University and a late fello >v there and in
Johns Hopkins University; he i3 still a
regular member of the faculty and an examiner in the University of Trinity College,
Toronto.   Mr. Alfred T. DeLury, mathe
matical and physical master, is also an
honor graduate and medallist of Toronto
University, and late fellow in Clark University—the wealthy New England rival of
Johns Hopkins University in post graduate
work. He is also an examiner in Toronto
University. The other members of the
staff are equally eminent in then departments.
The building (an illustration of which
appears in this publication) is situated on
the highest point of the Vancouver town-
site, and is admirably adapted to the purpose. The patrons of the college are among,
the most prominent and influential men of
the Province. We bespeak for the institution tlee most brilliant success. A detailed
calendar may be had on application.
The    Various     Denominations     in   the
City   and   their   Places   for  Public   Worship — Creditable
Vancouver has every reason to be proud
of her places of worship. Toronto is Dalled
the city of churches. Vancouver is certainly
a rival to that city in her claim to that title-
It can be asserted in brief, that nowhere
else in Canada is the Lord's day better
observed than in Vancouver. The attendance at all places is large, so much so that
each church is filled to its utmost capacity.
The sacred edifices are all creditable to the
city, and in harmony with its general advancement. Their internal workings,
agencies, aids and all other adjuncts in the
line of societies, guilds, etc., are thoroughly
in accord with the demands of modern
church organizations.
St. James' Church was the first church
built in Granville, and was situated about
half way between Carrall street and the
Hastings mill, facing the water, where
Reefer's Hall, on Alexander street, now is.
After the five of 1886, services were held in
Reefer's Hall nntil January 1st, 1888, when
the neat little church now situated on the
corner of Oppenheimer street and Gore
Avenue, was consecrated. It cost about
§5,000, and has seats enough to accommodate 3U0 people, the approximate number of
communicants being 250.
Christ Church—Until December, 1888,
the parish of St. James included the whole
of the City of Vancouver, but at the time,
owing to the growth of the city, a new
church was opened in deference to the
wishes of a number of parishioners. At first
the congregation worshipped in the Lord
Durham block, Granville street, where
services were conducted until October 6th,
1S89; upon which date the premises were
vacated in favor of premises prepared in
what was so far built of a new church.
This church is located on the corner of
Georgia and Burrard streets, and is destined, when completed, to be one of the
finest buildings in the city. It is to be of
stone, in the earlier style of architecture.
The estimated cost of the building alone,
without the tower, which is to be 140 feet
high, will be §23,000.
 Photographs by Bailey I
N.  S.  Hoppars  R
William Shannon's Residknck,
J. M. Browning's Residence,
A, G. Ferguson's Residence.
J. C,  Kami's  Residence.
John Roi'kskpell'k Residknck.
ii. Abbott's Residence.
The First Presbyterian Church—The
congregation of this church was organized
in July, 1885, with a membership of nine,
and had just. been tour Sundays in a new
church they had built at a cost §3,500,
when it was burnt to the ground in the fire
of June  13th,   1880.     After the fire the
■ present church was built on the old site,and
completed at a cost of §2500.    It will seat
. about 375 people, the average attendance
being about 300.
St. Andrew's Church—In the early
part of 1888, the office bearers and members
of the First Presbyterian church, recognizing the importance of establishing a second
Presbyterian congregation, met for that
purpose and organized the present congregation on September 20th, 1888. During the
construction of a suitable edifice, divine
services were held in a store on Hastings
street opposite the Leland Hotel. In the
fall of 18S8 the old St. Andrew's church,
now the lecture room, was built and dedicated
for public worship. The corner stone of
their new and imposing structure was laid
on the 11 th day of June, 1889, by Mr. J.
M. Browning. The church is one of the
largest and most imposing in the city, costing in the neighborhood of $25,000 and will
seat about 850 people comfortably.
Zion Church—On Sabbath, June 23rd,
1889, Rev. J. M. McLeod commenced his
labors in this congregation. When he first
arrived, his audience was small, generally
consisting of 30 persons, but now the average attendance is 200.
roman catholic.
Church of Our Lady op The Rosary—
The establishment of the Catholic cause in
this city was conducted under the pastorate
of Rev. Father Patrick Fay. He took
charge of the congregation here and ministered to a flock of about 60. Various
temporary quarters were used until the
completion of the present church. It cost
about SS,000, seating 400,and there are about
1,000 communicants. It is the intention to
erect au imposing Cathedral at-an early day.
Homer Street Church—The Homer
street congregation may be regirded as the
lineal descendant of that which gathered
under the auspices of Methodism in the
cookhouse of the Hastings mill, on the 30th
day of July, 1885. The church edifice is
conveniently located at the corner of Homer
and Dunsinuir street, costing, exclusive of
the site, $14,000; with seating room for
700 people. The attendance at evening
service averages about 600, and of these
about 150 are communicants.
Priscess Street Church—The congregation of this church was organized in July,
1888, and immediately afterwards the handsome structure now occupied was commenced. It was dedicated on the 29th day
of September by the Rey. E. Robson. It
is a neat and very 'attractive edifice, of
Cothic style of architecture with sittings for
300 people.
Mount Pleasast Church—The rapid
growth of that part of the city lying south
of False Creek has male it necessary to
build for the accommodation of the people
in that district. This church is situated on
the comer of Westminster and 9 th Avenue,
and is an ornament to the place..  It  has a
seating capacity of 200, and   cost   about
Hamilton Street Church—The Baptist church of Vancouver was organized
March 16th, 1886. The organization took
place in a rented hall, and early in May,
1887, a building on Westminster Avenue
was opened for service. Soon the building
became too small and the present structure
on the corner of Hamilton and Dunsmuir
streets was built. It was completed and
dedicated September 15th, 1889, and cost
about $12,500. It has a seating capacity
of 800 people.
Georgia Street Church—This church
was organized on the 19th of January, 1888.
Services were held and conducted up to
the lstof December,1889,in Wilson Hall.Ab-
bott street. On March 5th, 1889, the
corner stone of a new church was laid on
the corner of Richard and Georgia streets.
The building was pushed forward with great
vim and vigor, and there now stands completed as fine a church as any in the city.
Its total cost with fittings was $17,000; it
has sittings for 600 people.
y. m. c. A.
The Young Men's Christian Association was organized here in October, 1886,
in Keefer's Hall. It was decided to erect
a frame building, work on which was commenced December loth, 1S87, and on October loth, 1887, at a cost of $2000,
it was completed and opened. The building
soon grew to be too small to carry on the
work required, and a fine new edifice is
now nearing completion, which will cost in
the neighborhood of $37,000.
It is generally ce needed that British
Columbia has a climate superior to that of
any other part of the Dominion, and it
might also, he said, that of any part of the
United States, possessing, however, in a
modified way, the eeneral characteristics of
the Pacific coast. It is essentially mild and
free from extremes of heat or cold, and
comparing it with the Pacific slope generally, though a humid atmosphere, it has not
the rainfall of western Oregon, nor the dry -
uess aid heat of the California plains, nor
the variable climate which daily prevails iu
San Francisco. The wet season in winter,
though disagreeable to strangers, is preferable to cold winds, snow and ice, while the
summers are perfectly delightful, The
climate of Vancouver City, is the finest in
British Columbia., and renders it a most
desirable place of residence. Vancouver
enjoys peculiar advantages in the matter of
climate. The summers are most agreeable
—warm days and refreshing nights, with a
stimulating atmosphere—winters with little
snow, and usually bright and pleasant; occasional falls of the thermometer to and
below freezing point, but as certain recovery
to mildness by the Chinook or Pacifies
winds. As a rule flowers bloom in the
gardens of Vancouver throughout the year.
Fruits of all kinds, indigenous to the temperate climates, ripen in the open air and
amongst them, some that are in England,
brought to perfection only under glass. It
is this climate, combined with the delightful situation of Vancouver, that makes it
such a pleasant abiding place.
$50,000,000 in Gold, the Product of the
Cariboo    Placer   Mines — Rich.    Gold
and Silver Quartz Found in Many
Sections—The Base Metals.
It is the universal belief 'that British
Columbia will one day rank amongst the
richest mineral countries of the world. Her
large deposits of the precious and useful
minerals, embrace gold, silver, copper,
iron, coal, lead, cinnabar, platinum, antimony, bismuth, plumbago, limestone,
marble, slate, salt, some of which have been
systematically and profitably mined for
years; while others are still waiting the
development of which they are capable.
began on the Fraser river about 1850; the
first great ** rush " to the Province taking
place in 1858, while the extensive and lucrative goldfields of Cariboo, some 350 miles
north of the Canadian Pacific Railway, were not discovered until 1860. Some
idea of the enormous returns of the best
days in this district may be formed when it
is stated that, amongst other highly productive claims, the Aurora Co. yielded 500
oz. daily; Wake Up Jack Co., 175 oz. daily;
Cameron Co.1, 150 to 400 oz. daily; Rabey
Co., from 300 to 400 oz. daily. The actual
output of the claims of this famous gold
mining region from 1861 to 1882 is estimated at a sum amounting to $50,000,000.
The Omineca mines, further north than
Cariboo, have likewise added to the gold
product, but the amount of travel necessary
to reach the locality, and the consequent
high price of supplies, have kept back their
development. Rich diggings were discovered in the Cassiar region at the extreme northwest of the Province., about
1877, which, being more easily accessable
than Omineca, have been worked with good
In the soueastern end of the Mainland are
the Similkameen and Kooteuay centers,
where some exceedingly rich quartz ledges
have been logated. But gold is traced almost
everywhere in the country from the Rocky
Mountains to the west coast of Vancouver
Island and in the Olympian ranges to Alaska;
so that it is a common saying that the color
of gold is found on any of the native
streams; and considering that only a comparatively small portion of the 350,000
square miles, which are subservient to the
Vancouver smelter, has been explored, it is
quite impossible to estimate what store of
precious metals may be lying ready for development.
The argentiferous ores which have been
discovered of late, and croppings of which
have been assayed with satisfactory results,
prove beyond a doubt, that when proper
depth is attained, gold and silver quartz
mining will promptly come to the front. It
is well known too that the great silver belt,
"which runs northwest through Mexico into
Colorado, Wyoming, Nevada, and Idaho,
extends right through our Province. Argentiferous ores,  yielding high assays, have
been found in i;he Eureka mines, near Hope,
in Nicola Valley, Cherry Creek, Queen
mine, Star and Ebenezer near Yale and at
Illecillewaet, and reports have been received
to the effect that rich deposits have been
found at Omineca, Kootenay, Upper Columbia, Similkameen and at Burrard Inlet.
These prospects give every jiromise of development iDto rich silver mines in the near
exists in large quantities m various parts
of British Columbia; at Sooke, on Vancouver Island; at the northwest coast of Queen
Charlotte's Sound, on Rivers Inlet, and at
Seaforth Channel, Millbank Sound, but the
bed most available for working is situated
at Texada Island, in the Gulf of Georgia,
about 40 miles by water from Vancouver,
where a perfect mountain of this important
metal is located with great masses of rich
magnetic iron ore, within limestone walls,
assaying C8 4-10 of iron, and having a low
percentage of phosphorus and other impurities.
has been found in a number of places, viz:
at ^ale, at Copper Creek, and other creeps
near Kamloops Lake and on Texada Island.
The most promising ledge, however, lies
on Howe Sound near Vancouver.
Coal mining is an industry which, of late
years, lias undergone a wonderful development. Coal has been found in places over
a wide area of both Mainland and the
islands. At Nanaimo, on Vancouver
Island, and its immediate vicinity, is found
the best quality of bituminous coal on the
The Wellington collieries are a few miles
from Nanaimo on Departure Bay, and about
a mile distant are the East and South Wellington mines. At Comox, further north, the
coal beds cover an area which is estimated
at 300 square miles.
The quality of coal varies in the different
localities from the common lignite to anthracite, the latter being on Queen Charlotte Island, and the only vein of anthracite yet discovered on the Pacific coast,
while there is a vast deposit of semi-anthracite in the Crow's Nest Co's. mines, in the
Rocky Mountains, in the Kootenay district.
Large fields of lignite exist i* New Westminster district, in the Nicola Valley and
along the North Thompson and Skeena
rivers, and a very fine bituminous coal has
been discovered near Kamloops, as well
as within the city limits of Vancouver, on
Burrard Inlet.
The first coal wa3 taken out by tho Hudson's Bay Company, at a place called Su-
quasb, near Fort Rupert, at the head of
Vancouver Island, in 1836; but the whole
output between that date and 1852 is estimated at only 10,000 tons. Coal mining
was begun in Nanaimo in 1852, and between that date and 1859, 25,398 tons
were taken out. In 1859 the mines were
worked for only two months, producing
1,989 tons, but in 1860 the output went up
to 14,249. A steady and rapid increase
took place during the succeeding years,
with a slight set back in 1866, till in 1869
a total of 44,005 tons was reached. In 1871
the Wellington mines were opened, and the
product shot up to 81,547 tons in that year.
Then followed, a period of increase up to the
present with a little depression in returns'
in 1883.-  The output since  1886 has been
as follows:
1887   413,360 tons 1889 578.830 tons
1888  489,300 tous 1890     688,140 tons
Were it not for the difficulty at Wellington between the mine owners and the miners
the output for 1890, it is estimated, would
have reached a total of 750,000 tons. The
output for thi3 year in all probability will
approximate close upon 800,000 tons. The
coal mining industry is the leading export
trade of the Province. A fleet of colliers
is engaged in the trade of carrying the
"black diamonds'' from Nanaimo, Wellington and the Union mines, in Comox, to San
Francisco, which city alone would consume
all the coal produced in British Columbia,
as the British article is a better one than
any yet discovered in the United States
on the Pacific coast.
The history of gas light in Vancouver
dates from the foundation of the Vancouver
Gas Co. It was incorporated in 1886 and
the nresent officers are G. L Milne, M. D.,
M. P. P., president, C. D. Rand, secretary -
treasurer and Walter Thomas, manager.
The company has a capital of $500,000, the
plant representing an investment of upwards
of $25,000. The works are located on
Keefer street, occupying an area of 325,122
feet, and has a capacity of 100,000 cubic
feet per day. All the latest patents
under which it has been possible to
cheapen the production of gas have been
utilized by the company, and 3ince its inception it has kept abreast of the times.
The gas manufactured is acknowledged to
be the best and clearest, made from coal,
staid is supplied to residences and business
houses at the rate of §2.50 per thousand
feet. Mams have been laid through the
settled portions of the city, new improvements added, until to-day the works compare favorably with any in the country.
The affairs of the company are under able and
efficient management, and as the city continues to grow, the works will be improved
and enlarged to mcetthe increasing demand,
and consumers will be supplied with gas for
heating or illuminating purposes, at the
very lowest possible prices. The company
give employment to twelve men ia the
works and the laying and extending of gas
mains. The office of the company is in the
Wilson Block corner of Cordova and A.bbott
Vancouver is a modern city in every respect, and especially so in regard to the
lighting of her streets and street car service.
Incorporated as it was in the electric age,
when electricity and electrical appliances
had attained practical efficiency, every advantage was taken to give the pity the best
and most modern service in use, and as a
consequence Vancouver is one of the best
lighted cities on the Pacific coast, and as
regards street car service one of the best
equipped. The Vancouver Electric Railway and Light Company, Limited, was organized November 15th, 1889, under the
laws of the Province, with an authorized capital of $500,000, of which $162,000,
has been subscribed and fully paid up. It
bought the track, ^lant and franchises of
the Vancouver Railway Company, and the
Vancouver Klectric Illuminating Compauy,
thus consolidating the   three   companies,
which was confirmed and authorized by a
special act of the Provincial Legislature,
passed March 5th, 1890. A new power
house was erected on False Creek and Barnard street, and is pronounced by experts
and others familiar with the business, to be
the best equipped on the North Pacific
coast. The machinery is all of the latest
and most improved types.and includes three
large boilers, four engines of 100 horse
power each, two railway generators, three
arc light dynamos, two incandescent dynamos, and excitors with all their appliances
in the way of switch boards and innumerable instruments for the control and management of electricity. It has six electric
railway and one construction car and is now
operating over three and one half miles of
electric railway track and expects to extend it about five miles the coming summer.
The company has now in operation 135
arc lights with 30 miles of arc light wires
and 25 miles of incandescent wires,
with over 1200 lamps. The plant is a
model one in every respect, the total cost
being nearly $350,000. The officers of the
company are H. E. McKee, president; Thos.
Dunn, vice-president; H. T. Ceperley, secretary and treasurer; F. L. Dame, superintendent and Ernest Brown, business manager.
The principal office is at 523 Hastings
Wages in British Columbia are regulated
mainly by unions, which are strong numerically and in point of organization. The
supply of labor is usually equal to the demand. As a rule here, as elsewhere, the
applicants for clerkships and soft situations
are in excess of the vacancies, though,
generally speaking, few persons have any
reason to be idle. The schedule of wages
for labor is about as follows, the nine-hour
system being generally in vogue :
Stonecutteis,  stonemasons and   bricklayers  $4 to $5
Their laborers $1.75 to $2 per dav
Plasterers  $4 to $4.50    "   •'
Carpenters and joiners ...$2.50 to $3.75    "    "
Ship carpenters and caulkers.. .$5 to $5    "    "
Cabinet  makers    and   upholsterers $3 to $4    ••   "
Painters          $3.60 to $5    "    "
Shoemakers $2 to $3    "   "
Tailors  .... $3.50 to $4   "    "
Tailoresses ...' $1 to $1.60   "    " (
Bakers, with board and lodging. ..$65 per month
Butchers, cutters $75 to $100 per month
Slaughterers * $76 per month
Cigarmakerf,  $2.50 to $4 per day
Boys as strippers, etc  $2.50 to $5 per week
Printers   45 to 50 cents per 1000 ems
Wagon-makers  $3.50 to $4 per day
Tinsmiths, plumbers and gas-
fitters   $3.50 to $4 per day
Machinists, moulders, pattern
makers and blacksmiths . .$3.50 to $4 per day
Longshoremen 40 cents per hour
Female domestic servants. .$10 to 525 per month
Millmen  $150 to $2 per day
Farm hands .. .$25 to $30 per month and board
The following comparison of figures shows
a remarkable growth in the business of
the city.
Stamp sales 1887 $ 4,249.20
"     1888 ".:■'■  11,579.46
•' "     1889  15,949.15
" "     1890  18.000.00
Money orders issued 18S8  $114,703.99
        1889   140,000 00
" "       1890   169,560.00
Money orders paid 1888 ...'". $ 55,702.72
"    1889     66,460.72
" "    1890   108,500.00
Kegistered Letters mailed 1889        12,940
1890         15,000
Begistered Letters received  1889      $10,0L1
" " •' 1890        16,100
 -PhoLo-niplis by Bailey Br
Vancouver Manufacturing
Hastings Mill.
Innes-Townlry Bluck*
Lkamy & Kylk's Mill.
ni) Trading C(
Vancouver Foundry and Machine Works.
Moodyville Mill.
Leland Block- Shannon & McLaehlan.
Wilson Block-Rand Bros.
CAPACITY OP 210,000,000 FEET.
Actual Capital Invested SI,750,000—Actual Cash Output »1,000,000—Number of Men   Employed   1000 —
Where it is Marketed.
This interest is, and is likely to be, for
some time to come, the most important and
chief manufacturing industry of Vancouver.
British Columbia is rich in timber and in
this respect no other province in Canada,
no country in Europe, and no state in North
America, can compare with it. The finest
growth is on the coast and in the Gold and
Selkirk ranges.- Millions of millions of feet
of lumber, locked up for centuries past,
have now become available for commerce.
The Canadian Pacific Railway passes
through a part of this and crosses streams
that will bring untold quantities to the
mills and railway stations. The species of
trees found in British Columbia are as follows: Douglas fir, western hemlock, Engle-
man's spruce, Menzie's spruce, great silver
fir, balsam spruce, white pine, giant cedar,
yellow cypress, western larch, maple, aspen poplar, mountain ash and others. Of
these probably the'best and most in demand
is the Douglas fir. It is straight though
coarse gram, exceedingly tough, rigid and
bears great transverse strain. For lumber
of all sizes and planks it is in great demand.
Few woods equal it for fra.iies, bridges,
ties and strong work generally, and for
shipbuilding. Its length, straightness and
strength specially fit it for masts and spars.
Masts specially ordered have been shipped,
130 feet long and 42 inches in diameter
octagonally hewn. It grows to an enormous height, frequently from 250 to 300 feet
and often exceeds S feet in diameter. The
lumber sawn at the local mills is shipped to
all parts of the world and is greatly in demand. The capacity of the mills is being
yearly increased, the older machinery being
replaced by that of more modern, construction, and it is safe to say that there are no
finer equipped saw mills anywhere the
world over than in the City of Vancouver.
The cutting capacity of the mills has
been raised to 210,000,000 feet per annum
and the actual capital invested represents
§1,750,000. For the year, the actual cash
value of the output was in round numbers
$1,000,000 and the output in feet about one
half the capacity viz: 100,000,000 feet.
Thirty million feet, or $350,000 worth of
lumber was exported by sea alone. The
number of men employed by the various
mills located here is 1900. Besides lumber,
rough and dressed, shingles, lath, sash,
doers, etc., are manufactured here to a
very large extent. All the different establishments are conducted in a very thorough
and efficient manner and are daily increasing and extending their already immense
This company has its headquanters in this
city, aud embraces the Hastings Saw Mill,
the Royal City Mills of Vancouver and also
the Royal City Planing Mills and theDomin-
ion Mills of New Westminster. The company
possesses very extensive lumber lands of the
very choicest in British Columbia and at
two of the mills the manufacture of sash,
doors and all kinds of interior finishing
work is largely carried on. The Hastings
Saw Mill, in this city, has been completely
remodeled and renewed since coming into
the possession of the company and is now
one of the most complete on the coast.
Steam power is furnished by 18 boilers, and
6 engines are employed to drive the machinery in the various departments. The sawing is done by two sets of double circulars,
the carriers being driven by two sets of
twin engines; two large Pacific coast gang
cdgers, one gang and also a small V saw,
for cutting up and utilizing timber ends,
etc., complete with edger and planer. A
large quantity of t. a. flooring is manufactured by means or two planers, and the slab
from the lumber is converted into pickets
and laths by means of two machines for
that purpose. Steam power is used for conveyors and rollers, so that manual labor is
reduced to a minimum. When in full operation the mill will turn out from 160,000
to 200,000 feet of lumber in ten hours work.
Electric light is supplied from a dynamo on
the premises, so that when necessary
the output can be doubled by working a
double crew and running at night. The
product of the mill has a high reputation
abroad, its exports going in large quantities
to Chili, Peru, Australia, (Shina, Cape Colony, the United Kingdom and the United
States. About 150 men are employed at
the mill and about an equal number in the
camps, the wages paid amounting to §12.-
000 per month. In connection with the
mill the company conducts a store which is
completely stocked with everything from
"a needle to an anchor," and supplies the
requirements of the mill and camps besides
doing quite a large local trade. About 80
animals, horses, mules and oxen are employed in the logging camps, and in one of
the camps a regular locomotive is utilized
for transporting the logs to the water. The
company also owns two tugs, which are
used for the towing of logs and vessels to
the mill. The o r cers of the company are
John Hendry, president; and R. H. Alexander, secretary.
Mr. R. H. Alexander was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1844, He came to
Canada when 12 years of age and located in
Toronto finishing his education in the Upper
Canada College and at the Toronto University. In 1862 he left Toronto and came
overland to British Columbia, spending the
intervening time, in New Westminster, the
Cariboo mines and Victoria, until 1870,
when he came to the Hastings Mill. He
has been superintendent and manager of
the mill since 1886, and much ot its success
is due to his able management.
This large and extensive mill has a capacity of 45,000 feet of lumber, 45,000
lath and 30,000 shingles per day
of ten hours. The saw mill machinery consists of 4 boilers, 2 engines, 2 rotary
gang saws, 4 cutoff saws, 3 planers, 1 lath
mill and hotter, 1 rip saw and 2 shaving exhaust fans. The planing mill has 40 machines and is the best equipped in the Province.
Everything required in house or ship building is manufactured. One hundred hands
are given employment, the pay roll amounting to $6000 per month. The mill was located here in 1886, and since its establish
ment has done an st successful business.
Mr. R. C. Ferguson, tue manager, is a native
of New Brunswick, and was born, January
3rd, 1859. He has been connected with the
company since 1879, first at New Westminster, coming to Vancouver in the fall of
1885, since which time he has been located
here. He is an energetic as well as a popular manager, and is held in high esteem by
his fellow citizens.
This large and important manufacturing
concern was the first mill established on
Burrard Inlet, the original mill being erected near the present sit i in 1861 by Hicks
& Cooper. This mill, which was of course
a small affair, was conducted by them until
1866, when it was replaced by a steam saw
mill erected by the firm of Moody & Deltz,
and equipped with the best machinery obtainable at that period. In 1868 the mill
was destroyed by fire, but immediatedly replaced by a still larger one and with improved machinery added, and on January 1st,
1879, the company was incorporated under
its present name, The Moodyville Saw Mill
Co.,. Limited. The mill is one of the largest
and best equipped in the Province. It has
a daily capacity of 125,000 feet of lumber
per day of 10 hours. The mill property embraces three district lots, viz: No. 272, 273
and 274, and has a water frontage on Burrard Inlet of two miles. This immense
frontage, with its other numerous advantages, gives it a capacity of loading seven or
eight ships of the largest tonnage at one
time. The plant consists of the saw mill
with all of the very latest and best machinery known to the trade, mill store, machine
shops, blacksmith shop, and hotel. It gives
employment to 100 bands about the mill,
whilst over three hundred souls depend
on the mill for support.
Besides the plant at Moodyville they have
five logging camps, extending from 10 to 150
miles along the coast. These camps give
employment to 150 men and necessary oxen
and mule teams, for the transportation of
the lumber as well as requiring the services
of a steamer, the Etta White. R. P.
Rithet, of Victoria, is president of the company, and J. H. Ramsdell, manager for
Welch & Co., San Francisco; R. P. Rithet
& Co., Victoria and R. D. Welch & Co.,
Liverpool, Agents. Their trade extends all
over the world, their lumber being shipped
to Australia, China, South America, the
United States, Germany and England. Mr.
J. H. Ramsdell, the general manager, was
borne in Maine, August, 1844, and came to
the coast in 1862, locating in Port Gamble,
Puget Sound, engaging in the lumber business. In 1882 he came to Moodyville to
accept the position as foreman of the mill,
remaining as such until 1890, when he was
appointed general manager, which position
he now so ably fills.
Situated on the south side of False Creek,
with a water frontage of 1200 feet and covering an area of six acres, is the immense
establishment conducted by James Leamy
and Geo. F. Kyle, and known as the Commercial 'Saw Mills. This mill was established here in the summer of 1886 and is
equipped with the latest and most modern
machinery for the conduct of the business.
In addition to the saw mill plant the company  also operate an extensive ship-yard,
having adequate facilities for the building
of scows, tugs, and schooners of all sizes up
to 1000 tons. The mill has a capacity of
50,000 feet of lumber per day, and gives
employment to upwards of 50 hands. They
are manufacturers of rough and dressed
lumber, a specialty being made of lumber
for ship building purposes, their facilities in
this special line being unexcelled by any
mill in thi3 distiiet. The firm have large-
tracts of timber lands up the coast, north
and west, stocked with some of the finest,
timber in the country, their numerous logging camps giving employment to a large
force of loggers and teams. Besides being
heavy manufacturers of rough and dressed
lumber they handle doors, windows, mouldings, shingles and laths, supplying the local
trade with everything in building material.
In addition to the heavy local trade large
shipments are made to all points in British
Columbia including Victoria, Eastern Canada and the States, their business showing
a large increase over former yeara. Numerous improvements and additions have been
rr ade to the mill since its establishment on
False Creek, in 1886, and to-day stands the
equal of any mill in the Province. Mr. J.
G. Woods, the manager, came to Vancouver,
in January, 1886, and has been connected
with the mill from the start. To his able
and energetic management, and thorough
knowledge of the lumber trade, much of
the success of the business is due.
The large and extensive saw mill of H.
R. Morso, is located at the foot of Granville street, on False Creek, and is one of
the most complete in the Province. The
mill is under the able management of H. R.
Morse, jr., ?nd A. G. Boggs, both of whom
are natives of Alpena, Michigan. H. R.
Morse jr., had been engaged in the lumber
business in that city for 10 years with
his father, who owns a large mill at that
place. Mr. A. G. Boggs, previous to coming to Vancouver, was engaged in the lumber
shipping and commission business, at
Alpena, Mich., and along the shores of Lakes
Huron, Michigan and Superior, employing
a staff of twenty shipping clerks and was
doing the heaviest business on the lakes.
On his arrival here, becoming impressed
with the greater facilities of this country
over Michigan, as a lumber manufacturing
district, he induced Mr. Morse to come
here and together they purchased the plant
of Fader Bros., which they improved and
enlarged to its present size. The plant has
a capacity of 100,000 feet of lumber per
day and employs 150 men. It is equipped
with all new and modern machinery, including two large circular saws, one 60 inch
double and one 50 inch single, one gang
edger, a lath mill, shingle mill with a capacity of 40,000 per day, wood machinery
and trimming saws, planer, flooring machine, sticker and full complement of cut-off,
rip saws and sash, door and blind machinery.
They own large tracts of timber lands on
the Gulf and west coast, operating four logging camps which put in about 60,000 feet
of logs per day. They have now four large
scows and are building a steam tug for the
purpose of towing the lumber from their
mill to the yards at Victoria and Mission
City. Their trade is very large, and constantly increasing, lumber being shipped by
them to Chili, Australia, and other foreign
points, and besides do a very large local
business.   In connection with the extensive
concern operated by them in this city they
have branch lumber yards at Victoria and
Mission City.
This mill, which is situated in the east
end of the city, on the shores of Burrard
Inlet, and adjoins the Sugar Refinery, is
owned by Messrs. H. V. Edmonds and J.
A. Webster. The mill has a capacity of
125,000 feet of lumber per day, and is fully
equipped with all the modern appliances
necessary for its successful operation. It
possesses excellent water frontage to facilitate the loading of ships, and is in every
respect one of the leading saw mills in the
Province. Employment is given to a very
large number of men; their timber lands
contain some of the finest timber obWinable
in this part of the country, and the firm's
logging camps present a busy scene. Their
business is principally a foreign one, having
shipped last year to Australia one of the
largest and finest cargoes of lumber leaving
this port. The two members of the firm
are pioneers of British Columbia and are
highly respected and influential. Their interests, individually and collectively, represent a very large amount of invested capital
in Vancouver's various enterprises, and few
men have done more for this city's advancement. Thej* have taken a leading part in the
building of railways, being among the principals in the construction of the tramway
between here and New Westminster, and
are also stockholders in the Electric Light
and Railway Company of this city. They
own large shares of stock in our two leading foundries, and are among the largest
shareholders in the Vancouver Manufacturing and Trading Company, and are identified with numerous other undertakings. In
the development of our mineral resources
they have aided very materially, and their
slate mine, on Jervis Inlet, which is now in
full operation, aud the first operated in the
Province, has proven a comp.'ete success.
The quality of the slate for roofing and all
other purposes is quite equal to the best Welsh
slate^and is so pronounced by experts from
Wales. They are already in receipt of large
orders. Mr. Edmonds is one of the largest
property owners in Vancouver.
This firm established here just three years
ago by the present manager and part owner.
Mr. Geo. Cassady, has been very successful
since its inception. Starting out with a
very complete outfit of machinery, part of
which Mr. Cassady brought with him from
New Brunswick, where he had been engaged
in a similar business for ten years before he
left, they have steadily gone forward adding
to their machinery and building improvements, until they now stand second to none
in British Columbia, in their equipment and
ability to manufacture the articles they advertise, viz: doors, sashes, mouldings,
shingles, dressed lumber, turnings, etc.
They employ on an average about 30 to 40
men, principally first-class mechanics, disbursing for wages about $20,000 per annum.
While fully recognizing the importance of
foreign trade connections, the steady growing .local demand upon their resources, has
piactically prevented them from making
very much effort to secure it. Nevertheless last year's operations show an export
of about $2000 to the Northwest, Manitoba
and the United States, which they are in
hopes this year to greatly increase. To
enable them to handle their shingle business
successfully by saving freight, they added
last year a hot air fan blast dry kiln, which
will reduce the weight of shingles per thousand from 230 pcunds to 160. A separate
engine drives this fan, and is quite a curiosity, having no slide valves nor eccentric.
By their knowledge of the business and the
attention given it they enjoy a very justly
merited reputation for doing first-class
work in the manufacture of doors and
mouldings. These deserve special mention
being thoroughly kiln dried and carefully
put together. Their goods are always in
demand, in fact wherever introduced command the highest prices and never fail to
give satisfaction. As an evidence of Canadian industry, it would be worth the time
of machinery fanciers to make a call at
their factory and see the engine which supplies the power. It is the latest improved
type, automatic cut off and nickle plated,
manufactured by Goldie & McCulloch,
Gait, Ont.
Among the prominent and successful
manufacturing enterprises of this city is the
Vancouver Manufacturing and Trading
Company, which has been organized about
twelve months and during the short time it
has been in operation hris done a profitable
and increasing trade. The business comprises saw and planing mills, sash, door,
blind and furniture factory, store and office
fittings, tubs, pails, barrels, boxes and general woodworking. The factory is located
at the foot of Granville street, on False
Creek, and is most admirably situated for
manufacturing purposes, having sidings
from the C.P.R. track facilitating the receiving of raw material and the shipping of.
the manufactured product. The factory is
thoroughly equipped with the very latest
and best innovations of machinery. A large
force of skilled mechanics is given employment in various departments of the business.
The goods manufactured by the company
are in great demand and meet with a ready
sale all over the Province. A large stock
of their manufactured articles is carried in
their warehouses. All orders are filled
promptly and correctly. The company has
a capital stock of $100,000 and the officers
are: J. A. Webster, president. A St. G.
Hamersley, vice-president; H. V. Edmunds,
R. G. Tatlow, D. Cartmel and E. H. Heaps,
directors. Mr. Heaps, the manager of the
company, has had a thorough experience in
the business and to his energetic and able
management much of the success of the
company is due. This is an institution
which is certain to expand with the growth
of the Province and yet will be one of Vancouver's leading industries.
This mill is situated on the Inlet, adjoining the city line on the east side. It has a
capacity o"f from 50,000 to 60,000 feet of
lumber per day; a specialty being made of
cedar, spruce and factory lumber. It is
equipped with all the newest and best appliances, and has the latest machinery for
all kinds of moulding and planing work in
addition to a first-class shingle machine.
Employment is given to an average of thirty-
five men. Mr. E. Buse, the proprietor, is
one of  our representative and progressive
 ; FUofcigmiihs by HiiUiiy Brii
Oitexiieimer Bros'. Warehouse.
H.   R. Morse Mill. Vancouver Saw  Mill.
E. Buse's .Mill. Royal City I'laxixo  Mill.
Vancouver Electric Railway and Light Co's. Power House. II. c. Sugar Refinery.
citizens and is identified with many of the
movements for the city's welfare. He has
had years of experience in different parts of
the world in his business, and when he came
to Vancouver its many natural advantages
so impressed him that he concluded to make
it his future home. He at once recognized
the superiority of our lumber and soon bad
his mill under way. He has been from
time to time adding improvements until he
has one of the leading and most complete
lumber mills in the Province, and is certain to build up an extensive as well as
profitable trade. He is a careful, yet enterprising gentleman, and deals uprightly
by all with whom he comes in contact in a
business way.
Entire  Absence   of a   Boom—TUe   Conservative    Policy    Adopted   by    tlie
C> P> II. Company—Values In Real
Estate—Permanent Investments.
Vancouver stands pre-eminent among the
cities on the Pacific coast. The- opportunities it offers for profitable investments
in real estate, its immediate prospsct of
becoming largj and prosperous, its natural
position and unsurpassed harbor facilities, combined with the extremely low
prices property can be purchased at, leave
no room for doubt in the mind of any careful investor on this point. From the first
the conservative policy adopted by the
Canadian Pacific Kail way and original
owners of the townsite, in discouraging
in every way everything tending to speculation, has prevented a boom and stopped
inflation of prices. From the first,
buyers finding that almost all property was
sold on short terms, viz., one—third cash,
the balance payable in six and twelve
months, purchased no more than they knew
they could pay for. Again building conditions being largely imposed helped to
counteract any tendency towards the over-
speculation that has been so detrimental to
many other towns and cities throughout the
world. No city has a healthier market.
Its own citizens have built up its manufactories and commerce without the aid of any
large amount of outside capital, and the
confidence and fit mness holders of property
display is one of the characteristics first noticed by a new comer or visitor. Nothing can
speak stronger of the advantages Vancouver
offers to investors than the remarkably low
prices property can be bought for.
very desirable lots can be had 'or $500 to
§550 per front foot, the depth of the lots
varying from 120 to 132 feet to an alley.
On the second best business street prices
range from $250 to $500 per front foot, and
on other streets which, with the growth of
the city, will be desirable business locations,
prices vary from S100 to $200 per front
foot. Where buildings are already erected
the cost of same is added.
close to the business centre of the town
commands from $30 to $50 per foot, such
property being used for houses renting
from $25 to $35 per month.    The choicest
residential property in the city is very
limited. It is close to the depot, post office, opera house and other public buildings.
Almost at! the lots command a magnificent
view of the harbor and English Bay. Each
lot is 66 by 132 feet. Those on the best
streets are worth from $2,200 to $3,500 and
from $1,200 to $2,000, or an average of about
$16 per front foot, is the figure aske.d for
choice locations on other streets. Lots adjacent to the manufactories, saw mills,
foundries, sugar refinery and other industrial concerns, and used by the operatives
of these industries, are worth from $350 to
$800 per lot, $500 being about the average
price paid. Going further from the centre
of the city, lots can be bought for from
$125 to $350 each, which with the completion of the extensions of the electric city
railway prescribed by the charter, will be
brought into easy distance and used for
homes by those who now reside in the busy
part of the town from necessity.
adjoining the city limits, and near thereto,
offers to-day a brilliant prospect to the investor, who is satisfied to wait and reap the
result of the unquestioned growth the
city will have. Prices range from $250 to
$1,000 per acre.
seeking improved paying property is struck
with the advantages offered. While rents
are comparatively low, the highest price for
retail stores being about $100 per month,
the purchase price is sufficiently low to
allow of a most liberal interest being paid
on the investment. Taxes are light, being
restricted by city charter. Assessments
for improvements of the streets, sewers and
such like, are levied pro rata on the assessed valuation of all property in the
The simplicity of the Provincial laws, regarding the titles to property and registration of deeds, is an important feature. But
one deed has to be examined, which is
registered at a nominal fee, and a certificate
of title issued by the district registrar.
There are no abstracts of title to be examined, and the short time since the issuance of the original crown grants of the
land to the owners prevents any posibility
of litigation as to titles not being absolute
and indefeasible.
Vancouver can proudly court investigation and comparison with any city, in the
matter of prices for real estate. Apart
from the important position it holds as the
key of one of the richest countries in the
world in minerals and national wealth, with
shipping and railroad facilities second to
none, its prospects for becoming one of the
largest and most important cities on the
coast are now recognized and acknowledged
by all.
For 1891, Ward 1.
Against, 1888.
'• ' 1889.
"        1890.
.. 2,511,595
.. 1,111.600
.. 2,500,500
.. 1,429,585
. .$3,471,245
. 6,604,008
.. 9,517,280
Rand Brothers.
Probably the best and most widely known
firm in British Columbia is that of Rand
Bros, real estate brokers, financial and insurance agents, of Vancouver. Every enterprise which has for its object the material advancement of Vancouver's welfare,
and any undertaking tending towards bringing and pushing Vancouver to the front,
has in Messrs. Rand Bros, earnest supporters and a valuable aide. The individual
members are Mr. C. D. Rand and Mr. E. E.
Rand. C. D. Rand, the senior member,
was born in Canning, Nova Scotia, August
26tb, 1858. Here he spent his early youth
and received his primary education, and
then entered Acadia College, Wolfville,
N. S., graduating from there in 1879. Immediately after graduating he came west,
arriving in British Columbia, September
14th, 1879. He first located at Victoria,
but shortly after went to Salt Spring Island,
where he taught school and then accepted a
similar position at Victoria, and
New Westminster. In 1882 finding the
role of a pedagogue just a little too slow
and desirous of a more lucrative pursuit he
abandoned teaching and entered inco real
estate in New Westminster. The move has
never been regretted, as to-day we find in
him one of the most successful real estate
and financial brokers in Canada, and known
not only in Canada but also in England and
the United States. He is one of Vancouver's most energetic and progressive citizens
and is held in high esteem by the entire
community. Mr. E. E. Rand, brother of
C. D. Rand, and junior member of the firm,
was born in Canning, N. S., November
21st, 1860. He received his early education in his native city, at Horton Academy,
and finished bis freshman year at Acadia
College. In 1880 he left Nova Scotia and
went to New York, where he was employed
in the Erie R. R. offices, remaining there
until 1883, when he left for British Colombia for the purpose of joining nis brother in
New Westminster, entering into partnership under the present firm name of Rand
Bros, in 1884. The firm branched out with
great vigor and early manifested that push
and energy which has made it noted
throughout Canada and Great Britain. A
branch office was opened in Victoria, and
also one in Vancouver, in December, 1885,
being one of the first in this city. In 1887
the Victoria branch was closed, Mr. E. E.
Rand going to London, Eng., for the purpose of establishing a branch in that city.
He has been very successful in attracting
the attention of English capitalists to Vancouver's resonrces and has interested numerous parties, who have invested extensively in property here. He returned to Vancouver in December, 1890, on a visit to the
local office. Mr. C. D. Rand located permanently in this city in September, 1887,
and has operated successfully in numerous large and extensive real estate transactions. The New Westminster branch is
still maintained under the management of
Mr. A. E. Rand, while the Granville street
branch in this city is under the management of Mr. Edwin Rand, the respected
father of the Rand brothers. The firm has
the exclusive agency of several large properties here, have choice property for sale
in all the various sections of the city and
throughout the entire Province. A largo
force of efficient clerks are employed in the
various departments of their immense business, and the very closest and scrutinizing
care is given to all landed interest placed in
their hands by their large clientele.
limes «fc Richards.
Vancouver has within her limits many
real estate firms, but none are more prominent or occupy a higher financial position
than that of Innes & Richards. The individual members, F. C. Innes and S. 0.
Richards, are men of high standing in the
community, possessed of ample means, and
interest themselves in every enterprise pertaining to the advancement of Vancouver's
interests. Mr. F. C. Innes, the senior
member of the firm is a native of Cobourg,
Ontario. He came to Vancouver in 1884,
when the site of the now prosperous city
was a vast wilderness. He witnessed the
commencement of the first operations to
clear away the forest where now stands the
City of Vancouver, and was the first man to
engage in real estate here, operating alone
until September, J 887. when he formed a
partnership with Mr. Richards, which has
continued with great success and kept
pace with the growth of the city.
Mr. S. 0. Richards is a native of Toronto
and a son of the late Sir William B. Richards, the first Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court ,if Canada. He was educated at
Upper Canada College, and graduated from
that institution in 1S72. After graduating
be entered the Bank of Montreal where he
served for six years. After leaving the
bank's employ he took his degree at law, at
Toronto, but never practiced there, leaving
almost immediately for British Columbia,
arriving in Vancouver in May, 188G, and
eighteen months later entered into partnership with Mr. Innes, forming the present
lirm. The firm are general real estate
-brokers, financial and insurance agents,
conveyancers and Notaries Public They
own and control some of the most desirable
property in the city for residence or business purposes, and also operate largely in
outside property in neighboring points.
They rent houses and take charge of and
manage estatoi for non-residents, having
numerous clients in England, Germany,
France and the United States. In their insurance department they represent sonic of
the strongest companies in the world, such
as the Imperial Fire Insurance Co., of
London, England; City of London Fire In-
Mirance Co.; the Manchester Fire Assurance Co., of Manchester, England; Confederated Life Assurance Company of Canada
and JSastern Assurance Company of Halifax,
of which latter company they are general
agents for the Mainland of British Columbia. They are agents for the Okanagan
Laud and Development Company, which
owns the townsite of Vernon, located in
Okanagan Valley, and the terminus of the
Shuswap and Okanagan Railway. They
are also agents for a large portion of the
townsite ot Nelson, the terminus of the
Columbia and Kootenay Railway. Vernon
lies in the centre of the wonderful Okanagan
country, which for fertility and general
agricultural advantages, is unsurpassed by
auy country on the continent. While the
buul is admirably and chiefly adapted for
the growth of cereals, the range of products
is as wide as any in the temperate zone.
Vegetables grow to great perfection as well
as.fruits of all kinds. The townsite of Vernon is tb e centre and distributing point for the
whole of the rich farming and grazing lands
in and around the Okanagan Lake district.
The Okanagan Land and Development Com
pany, Limited, purchased the townsite of
Vernon, which has been platted and is now
on the market. They will erect a handsome
hotel the coming spring costing $25,000.
This building will be 75x100 feet, three
stories high, and finished in modern style.
A large number of buildings are already
erected the population now numbering 300.
The Shuswap and Okanagan Railway, of
which Vernon is the terminus, is now under
construction and will be completed and in
operation to Vernon during summer of this
year. All information regarding property
in this desirable location will be furnished
to intending or prospective investors by
Innes & Richards, Hastings street, Vancouver, B. C.
C'uas. T. Dunbar.
Located in the Lefevre block, corner of
Hastings and Seymour streets, one of the
best locations in the city, are the elegant
offices of Mr. Charles T. Dunbar, one of the
most enterprising business men of Vancouver. Mr. Dunbar was formerly connected with the National German American
Bank, St. Paul, Minn., which position he
left to act as general agent for the Union
Land Company, of that city, one of the
largest companies in the country. He has
been successfully engaged in real estate for
the past seven years in the various growing
cities of the Northwest and- has been the
promoter of several large and successful
enterprises; notably the St. Anthony Park,
north of St. Paul, and the Burlington Heights
•Improvement Co. In 1888 Mr Dunbar came
to Vancouver and invested largely in real
estate here. He owns and controls considerable prjperty in the city and vicinity
and makes a specialty of the West End. He
owns one - third of district lot 185,
which adjoins Stanley Park, and extends
from Burrard street to the park limits.
This is without doubt the finest xiortion of
the city for residence property, demonstrated by the location there of the handsomest
and most costly residences in Vancouver.
Besides a general real estate business he
does a large investment business for nonresidents and will in the future do a general
commission business, having exclusive control of all properties handled. Mr. Dunbar
•was one of the projectors of the new town
site of North Vancouver, and is a large
stockholder in this important company.
His business on account of his knowledge
of the value of real estate and of his ability
and integrity, has grown to large proportions. To-day he is one of the most successful real estate men in the city.
He has the most abiding faith in the future
of Vancouver as a great commercial, shipping, railway and manufacturing centre,
and is one of our most active, enterprising
and public- spirited citizens.
Douglas & Co..
Vancouver owes much of its rapid progress and growth to the enterprise of its
energetic real estate men, and in the foremost rank of these is the firm of Douglas
& Co., composed of Charles .S. Douglas and
1$. B. Johnston. Charles !S. Douglas was
born October 1st, 1S5-, in Wisconsin. He
received his primary education in Beaver
Dam, Wisconsin, and after leaving school
entered the newspaper business. His' first
employment was on the Milwaukee Sentinel, and later on a paper in Duluth. Leaving Dulutb he published The Times at
Superior,   Wis.,   until   1870,  when he sold
out and purchased the Day Book at fort
William, Ontario, the Lake Superior terminus of the C. P. R., publishing the same
until 1878, when he left for Emerson, Manitoba, and established The. International,
which he conducted successfully until 1S89.
Mr. Douglas was one of Emerson's most respected and influential citizens, fully identifying himself with every enterprise looking
to the welfare of that city. He served as
member of the School Board and Council,
and in 1883 was elected to the Manitoba
Legislature, his valuable services securing
for him a re election to that body in 1880.
In 1887 he was elected Mayor of Kincrson,
and served with honpr and distinction for
two years. On retiring from office he sold
out his interests in Emerson and came to
British Columbia, locating in this city, and
in December, 1889, opened up a real
estate office in conjunction with Mr. Johnston.
Mr. B. B. Johnston is a native of Toronto, where he received his early education
in the schools ot his native city. After leaving school he entered the mercantile agency
office and subsequently published The
Mercantile Agency for the city and country.
This he conducted successfully until ISSl^
when he removed to Emerson, Manitoba,
aud engaged in real estate. Here he was
very successful in his operations and accumulated considerable wealth. He took a
prominent part in the upbuilding ot the
gateway city, was a member of the council,
serving one term and declining a rc-noinin-
ation and was also Justice of ttie Peace for
the Province of Manitoba up to the time of
his departure for Vancouver, in 1889. Upon his arrival here lie engaged in the real
estate and commission business operating
alone until December, when he formed ■ the
present partnership with Mr. Douglas. M c.
Johnston is ,a Notary Public for the Province of British Columbia. The firm soon
forged to the front and are to-day amongst
the heaviest dealers in real estate in Vancouver. They do a general real estate business, buy and sell property, rent bouses
and negotiate loans on real estate securities
for residents and non-residents in England,
Eastern Canada and the United States. The
firm controls and has the exclusive sale of
some of the uiost desirable property in the
city and vicinity and controls the sale of
several valuable additions and sub-divisions,
notable among which are Sub-divisions 028
and 029 on Mount Pleasant, beautifully located, bounded on the east by Westminster
Avenue and on the" west by Ontario street.
Although progressive they are alike conservative in their transactions, and all business placed with them receives prompt attention, and the most careful supervision is
given to all negotiations and transactions of
landed interests.
.loli II   ItouiisU-M.
One of Vancouver's most active and enterprising citizens, is a native of Wolfville,
Nova Scotia. He early in life engaged in
mercantile pursuits, and after doing
a large and successful trade in the
shipping business in Kings County, X. S„
sold out and left for London, Eng., where
ho opened a shipping office in Leadcnhali
street. Here he carried on a most successful and profitable trade and amassed quite a
fortune, but owing to the failure of a large
shipping and banking concern of Liverpool
he was compelled to close his doors. He
was   now  obliged  to   commence all   over
 Pliotojmiplis hy 1
Din.x-Mill Kit Block,
Thomson-Oblb Bljck—Vancouver L.T. S. &G. Co
Sir Donald-Smith Block—Whetham College.
llouNK Block.
Lines & Richards,
Masonic Templk Block—Springer, Mellon & Co.
Lkfevrk Block—Chas. T. Dunbar.
Strutiier's Block—Douglas & Co.
again, and fully aware of the difficulty of
retaining the confidence hitherto reposed
in him as a shipping broker and banker by
the large Nova Seotia, New Brunswick,
New York, Boston, and other ship-
owning cities, he concluded to return to
Canada with his family, arriving in Halifax, N. S., in August, 1882, and finally
settled with his family in Brandon, Manitoba. Here he engaged in the grain business
successfully for nearly four years, and
then came to Vancouver, arriving in 1886,
and entered the real estate business. Mr.
Rounsefell has grappled successfully in this
line, and now ranks as one of the most successful in the city. He owns considerable
real estate in the city and vicinity, his
transactions being confined mostly to his
own property. His offices, No. 415 Hastings street, are elegantly fitted up, most
centrally located for the transaction of
business and usually thronged with purchasers. Mr. Rounsefell is also interested
largely in the Vancouver Ship-building,
Sealing and Trading Company, of
which he was the prime mover and promoter, and is Secretary and Treasurer of
the Company. He is highly esteemed as a
citizen, as is likewise every member of his
Shannon A Mcliacnlan.
Amoxgst the most successful real estate
firms in the city is that of Shannon & Mc-
Lachlan, composed of William Shannon
and Charles McLachlan. Mr. Willian
Shannon, the senior member, is a native of
County Sligo, Ireland, was born February
19th, 1841. In 1847 he came with his
parents to Ontario, who settled in the township of Ops, County of Victoria, near the
town of Lindsay. Here he spent his early
youth, remaining until April 1862, when
he left for California, arriving in the Golden
State in May of that year. After travelling
in different portions of the Golden State he
left in the spring of the following year for
the north, visiting Oregon and Washington,
on his way to British Columbia, arriving at
New Westminster June 1st, 1863. Most of
that season was spent by Mr. Shannon in
exploring the coast valleys, and in 1864 we
find bim in the interior still pursuing his
explorations with a view to a thorough acquaintance with the different sections of
that part of the Province. These explorations and subsequent ones have become of
inestimable value. In 1865 he went to the
Okanagan Valley, near the International
boundary line, and there built a trading
post, remaining for one year and was quite
successful in his venture. Selling out in
.the spring ot 1866 he left for the Big Bend
mines, and formed one of the first party who
entered the district in that year. Here he
spent the most of two years, exploring that
country from the Columbia river to the
Rookies, devoting considerable money to
his investigations in placer mining and
prospecting. In 1868 Mr. Shannon started
into stock-raising and farming with his
brother, at Chilliwack, and was for a portion of this period also engaged in the
freighting business from Yale to Cariboo.
It was during this part of his career that he
brought the first large freight wagon to
Barkerville,* then a hazardous undertaking.
In 1873 he helped to form the first municipality on the Mainland, at Chilliwack,
and served as a member of the first council.
In 1886 he made an extensive exploration
of the Chilcoten district and other cattle
raising valleys north thereof. With his
past training and experience he secured a
thorough acquaintance with the stock-raising business and is regarded as an excellent
authority on all matters associated with
this industry and the suitable districts for it
in the Province. In 1887 he finally came to
Vancouver, and foreseeing its great future,
located here, engaging in the real estate
business, joining in partnership with
Mr. Charles McLachlan in September,
Mr. Charles McLachlan is a native of
London, England, was born March 13th,
1857. He came to British Columbia in
1884, locating in Victoria. His first business connection was as cashier for Messrs.
Findlay, Durham & Brodie, of that city,
remaining with them for 18 months. He
then started in business for himself in the
lumber trade and other cognate branches.
He was also interested in the chartering of
sealing vessels, and in the shipping of sealskins to London. In 1888, convinced that
Vancouver was to become a great city, he
left Victoria and came here. Soon after his
arrival he entered into partnership with Mr.
The firm are large dealers in real estate,
timber lands and mining properties, and
are regarded as one of the safest and most
reliable firms in the Province in all their
financial transactions. They also act as
financial agents, in the negotiations of loans
and are in addition general agents for the
Union Assurance Society, of London, in
this Province. They make a leading spec-
ialty-of farm and timber lands of which they
have a large quantity for sale in various
parts of British Columbia. With their large
practical knowledge in regard to this and
other allied branches of business, the firm
is in a position to give very valuable information to intending investors, and they
solicit correspondence regarding any information relative to any lands in the Province. The firm are now issuing an interesting pamphlet on the resources of British
Columbia, which is founded on their conjoint experience and study. It is an unvarnished exposition of the present condition, and future probabilities of the Province,
and will well repay careful perusal by investors or settlers.
Major & Pearson.
The name of thi- firm is known throughout British Columbia. It was established in
Vancouver in 1888, although having an office in New Westminster for several years
previous. The individual members Charles
U. Major, Thomas R. Pearson and H. P.
McCraney, are all enterprising and representative citizens of this district, and are
fully identified with every movement looking towards the advancement of Vancouver's
interests. Mr. Major, the senior member
of the firm, is one of the oldest residents of
New Westminster, having resided there for
over 32 years, and was also one of the original owners of real estate in this city, a great
portion of which the firm handle. Mr.
Pearson joined tne firm in 1887, having been
previously engaged in the book and stationery business in which he was quite successful. Mr. H. P. McCraney, the resident
and managing partner in this city, came to
Vaucouver in 1885. He was engaged in
contracting on Vancouver Island, and in this
city with great success, retiring from that
business in 1889.    On January 1st, 1890, he
was admitted into partnership with Major
& Pearson and has charge of the local business, the firm having also an office in New
Westminster. Major & Pearson are general
real estate dealers, fire and life insurance
agents, and negotiate loans and investments
for residents or non-residents on real estate
securities. Their operations in real estate,
of which part of their business they make a
leading specialty, are very heavy, the firm
probably buying and selling more of their
own property than any other in the city.
They also act as financial agents for nonresidents collecting rents, managing and taking
charge of estates, and also do a large renting business, having upon their books a fine
list of residence and business property. Upon
their books will be found at all times bargains in real estate both in city and acreage
property as well as fine timber lands in various portions of the Province. Major &
Pearson, with their excellent knowledge of
realty values and ample capital are regarded
as one of the most valuable and substantial
firms in British Columbia, and withal one of
the most successful.
Weeks. Kinmond A Co.
Among the representative and enterprising real estate firms of Vancouver, Weeks,
Kinmond & Co. occupy a leading position.
The individual members, W. S. Weeks and
R. D. Kinmond, are possessed of all the re •
quirements of the successful real estate
dealer, experience, probity, affability and
capital. W. S. Weeks is a native of Liverpool, Eugland, and came to Vancouver in
1889. He engaged in real estate for himself,
devoting his attention especially to farming
lands, and became thoroughly acquainted
with the lands in this and adjoining districts. R. D. Kinmond i3 a native of Scotland, and came to Vancouver in 1889 for
the purpose of investing in property here
and seeing great business possibilities
opened up a real estate office operating alone
until January, 1891, when he joined forces
with Mr. Weeks, forming the present firm.
They do a general real estate business, buying and selling property in the city and
vicinity, rent houses, negotiate loans, and
make investments for English capitalists.
Weeks, Kinmond & Co. make a leading
specialty of farm lands and acre property,
of which they control a large amount, and
have upon their books some of the best and
most desirable farms to be found in the
Fraser valley and Lulu Island. The Fraser
valley is without exaggeration the finest
agricultural region in British Columbia.
The vast extent of farming lands in this
district is exceedingly fruitful and capable
of raising crops of every kind, both cereal
and fruit, root and grain. During the past
two years the increase of settlers has been
great but there are a large number of very
desirable farms still to be had. The firm
will be pleased to enter into correspondence
with parties desirous of locating or investing in this vicinity and all enquiries will
receive prompt, attention. They have the
best farms in large or small tracts upon
their books and will be pleased to show
prospective investors over the property.
Since the firm have been operating they ■
have made a large number of very successful deals in large improved farms in this
vicinity and are doing a most satisfactory
R. A. Anderson & Co.
This firm ranks among the first in their
line in the city. Mr. Anderson came to
Vancouver in 1888, from Victoria, where
he was successfully engaged in business for
five years. During his residence here
through strict attention he has built up a very
large and lucrative business. His firm are
general dealers in real estate, and have residence and business property in all parts of
the city, as well as acreage in large and
small tracts, in various parts of British
Columbia. They have upon their' books a
fine list of houses for rent and manage and
take charge of estates for non-residents.
They represent some of the best insurance
companies, both fire, marine and life, do
conveyancing and are Notaries Public. They
are agents for the townsite of Port Kells,'
which is situated on the N. W. S. R. R., at
the first point of contact with the Fraser
river, ten miles above the city, being also
the point of junction with the future Lang-
ley branch line. It consists of a slightly
elevated plateau, gently sloping towards
the Serpentine valley aud the Fraser. Port
Kells is the key to the great Serpentine
valley, a large tract of arable land that extends in a southeasterly direction to the
fertile Province of Semiahmoo Bay. It
touches the municipalities of Surrey and
Langley, the population of which, together
with the contiguous districts of Chilliwack,
Sumas and Maple Ridge, has increased so
rapidly within the last few years that it is
now between 10,000 and 15,000. At present Port Kells has daily communication by
steamer with New Westminster, and all
other important points ou the Fraser. As
the town grows it will certainly be connected by ferry with the C. P. R. The town-
site has been subdivided and platted, the
size of lots being 50x122 feet, the price ranging from §50 upwards. Investors will find
no better opportunity in British Columbia
than in Port Kells property. Correspondence solicited. Reference, the Bank of British Columbia,
Dcane & Searle.
This enterprising and pushing firm of
real estate dealers was established in December, 1889, and is composed of E. B.
Deane and H. L. Searle.. Mr. E. B. Deane
was born in Sydney, Australia, October
9 th, 1858. He received his education in
his native city, and resided there until he
arrived at the age of sixteen, when he left
fer America, arriving in San Francisco in
1875. His first employment was in a stock
broker's office, remaining in that business-
for five years. He was also during this
time engaged in the printing business under the firm name of E. B. Deane & Co. In
1880 he came to British Columbia as bookkeeper for Mr. A. G. Ferguson, who had a
large contract npon the' C P. R. at Hope.
Upon the completion of this contract he returned with him to San Francisco, and
later came back to British Columbia, this
time to Kamloops, remaining there until
that contract was completed. Returning
to San Francisco he devoted his time to his
printing establishment, until 1889, when he
finally came to Vancouver, having previously invested in real estate in 1887 and at
that time fully intending to locate here. He
opened a real estate office in connection
with Mr. Searle, forming the present firm
which has had quite a successful career.
H. L. Searle was born in San Juan, Cali
fornia, May 20th, 1860. He came with
his parents to San Francisco when but three
years old and was educated in that city at
Urban Academy. Upon leaving school he
entered the employ of the Greenwich Dock
Warehouse Company, remaining with them
for nine years. In 1887 he came north remaining in the State of Oregon for a short
time aud finally came to this city, in December, 1889, entering into partnership
with Mr. Deane in the real estate business.
The firm are general real estate agents,
buying and selling real estate, negotiating
loans on real estate, securities, renting
houses and managing estates for non-resident property owners. They always carry
on their books bargains in city and outside property and give prompt attention to
all landed interests placed in their hands.
Since engaging in business they have been
very successful and are one of the most reliable firms in the city.
Vancouver Loan. Trust, Savings
and Guarantee Co., Limited.
Clute & Chew.
The above firm composed of J. M. Clute
and Henry Chew are general dealers in
real estate, and conduct a general business
transfer agency. They handle nothing but
bargains and real estate, carrying on their
books a large list of very desirable properties in the city and vicinity for business or
residence purposes. They solicit life insurance only, representing the Sun Life Insurance, Co., one of the best in the country.
Parties in the city or from a distance desiring to buy or sell hotel, grocery or other
business property, will find it to their advantage to call upon or correspond with
Clute & Chew 130 Cordova street.
J. Powis & Co.
One of the oldest and most successful
real estate firms in the city is that of J.
Powis & Co.. composed of J.
Powis and J. M. Whitehead, who both
came to Vancouver from Illinois in 1886.
They are general real estate dealers, fire
and life insurance agents and conveyancers.
Besides their ordinary local business J.
Powis & Co. act as agents for capitalists in
London and Bristol and also for parties
along the Sound and in the east. They
make collections, negotiate loans, collect
rents and take charge of estates for nonresidents. They also do a large renting
business and carry on their books a fine list
of choice business and residence property in
all parts of the city. A very large business
is also done by them in sub-dividing acreage
property of which they have handled some
of the best and most profitable in this district. Having in their hands properties in
all parts of the city for sale, they can offer
intending purchasers bargains in both business lots and desirable residence locations as
well as farming lands, suitable either for
permanent investments or for speculative
purposes. Their office, corner of Cordova
and Cambie streets, is the most centrally
located in the city and equipped with everything for the accomodation of their clientage in the way of maps and plats. Correspondents from a distance who may desire
information about Vancouver, or the Province of British Columbia, can rely on receiving full and accurate replies to their
enquiries from J. Powis & ('o.
A Substantial and Influential Concern.
This company is one of the largest institutions in British Columbia, and possesses
facilities unequalled by any similar company in Canada. It was incorporated September 1st, 1890, and has an authorized
capital of $500,000, of which $200,000 is
subscribed. The officers of the campany
are James W. Home, M.P.P., president;
Robt. G. Tatlow, vice-president; and H.
T. Ceperley, managing director, who, with
the following gentlemen form the Board of
Directors: F. C. Cotton, M.P.P., H. A.
Jones, H. E. McKee and Geo. Turner. . The
company acts as trustee, executor, administrator, receiver, guardian, assignee and
agent, and this relieves individuals or corporations from the necessity of proviaing
securities for the administration of estates,
or from any duties involving personal
responsibility. It manages estates, undertakes the investment of funds on mortgages,
collects and remits the rents or interest and
acts as trustee for the holders of debentures
and bonds. In its investment and loan
department the company receives money on
deposit for fixed periods at interest on favorable terms, and also issues debentures bearing interest payable semi-annually for fixed
periods. These debentures are secured by
the paid up capital of the company and as
further security are a prior charge on the
unpaid subscribed capital and on mortgages
held by the company to the full amount of
the debentures issued. In the savings de-
I partment the company receives small sums
of money bearing interest at the rate of 5%
per annum for a period of not less than three
months. In the land department it posesses.
unusual facilities and undertakes the purchase and sale of improved and unimproved
real estate in Vancouver or in other parts of
the Province. It has npon its books some
of the most desirable residence and business
property to be had in this vicinity. The
company also collects rents for absentee
owners and takes charge of estates and all
agency business connected therewith, In
the insurance department of the business
the company represents ten of the leading
Fire Insurarce companies of Great Britain,
the United States and Canada, viz: Phoenix
Fire office of London; Liverpool and London
and Globe; Scottish Union and National,
of Edinburgh; /Etna of Hartford; Hartford
of Hartford; Insurance Company of North
America, of Philadelphia; Phoenix of Brooklyn; Western Assurance Company and British America, ©f Toronto; and Royal Canadian, of Montreal. The company writes
policies, adjusts claims and pays losses in
its own office. Mr. H. T. Ceperley, the
managing director of this company, cam?
from Montana to this city in the fall of
1886, and at once engaged in the real estate
aud insurance business, which he conducted
with great success until the fall of 1887
when he became associated with Mr. A. W.
Ross, M P., who was one of the pioneers
of Vancouver. The firm of Ross & Ceperley at once became the leading real estate
and insurance firm of the city and continued with great success until' May, 1890,
when Mr. Ceperley purchased Mr. Ross'
interest in the business conducting it alone
until September, 1890, when he formed the
present concern. Mr. Ceperley is one of
our most public spirited and enterprising
 William Shannon.
Charles S. Douglas.
H. L. Searle.
Charles McLachlan.
B. B. Johnston.
E. B. Deane.
R. A. Anderson.
A. M. Beattib.
C. Gardiner Jo
R. D. Kinmond.
D. H. Wilson, M.D.
piii)t6c:i:ai'hki) bv J. I>. Hai.u
J. M. McLaren, L D S.
. citizens aud a prime mover in every enterprise to advance Vancouver's interests. He
is possessed of all the qualifications of energy, honesty, probity, affability, promptness and indomitable perseverance that
marks the successful business man. and has
the esteem of every citizen. He is an extensive property owner in the city, the
district and throughout the Province. Besides the position occupied by him in this
company he is Secretary and Treasurer of
the Electrsc Railway aud Light Company;
of the Gurney Cab and Delivery Company
and the Vancouver Mining and Smelting
Company. Mr. R. G. Tatlow the Vice-
President, is one of the pioneers of Vancouver and a large property owner here. He is
a trustee of the City Sinking Fund and one
of the Park Commissioners.
Vancouver Improvement Company, Limited.
The Vancouver Improvement Company
owns the greater portion of land lying in
that section of the city between Westminster and Boundary avenues, comprising in
all about 300 acres. It is eligibly located,
on high ground, thickly settled and ranks
among the most desirable and valuable
property in Vancouver. Numerous manufacturing enterprises are located upon the
property, in fact the largest and most important in the city, such as the British
Columbia Sugar Refinery, San Juan Lime
Company, the Hastings Saw Mill, the Vancouver City Foundry and Machine
Works Company as well as nuwerous fine
residences. The sompany is prepared
and is at preseut engaged in erecting houses,
on lots selected by purchasers, on the installment plan, the system of payment extending over a term of ten years. This
system has proven a great success, not only
here but in the populous cities in Eastern
Canada and the States, and is looked upon
as a boon by those desirous of owning
homes and who, unless such an opportunity
offered, never would possess one. Many
residents of the city to-day owe their present prosperous condition to the opportunity
thus given them by the system adopted by this
company. The company was established in
1886 and since its organization has been a
v cry prominent factor in the upbuilding t,f
the city. The affairs of the company are
conducted by the management in a liberal
and likewise conservative spirit, the officers
and directors being men of high standing
.and occupying positions of trust and responsibility in the community. The president
is Mr. D. Oppenheimer, Mayor of Vancouver; Secretary and Treasurer, Mr. C. D.
Rand, senior member of the well known
firm of Raud Bros.
Following are the Inland Revenue returns for the district of Vancouver City,
since the division was first established to
last July. They are given by months and
the figures named indicate the growth
which has taken place in the trade of this
city in connection with that department of
the public service:
July   1887 J
Jan'y 1888 ■-.';.-,\ J
July    "  	
Jan'y 1889	
July    '•     .-:.	
Jnn'y 1890  1,026.18
July    "    8,9ii6.M
.? '2:3.70
. 908.46
. 1.178.7-1
. 1,890.12
Mr. A. M. Beattie's Success as a "\Vielder
of the Hammer—The Pioneer In the
Business—Successful Sales Conducted hy Him.
Auction sales when conducted properly
place the owner and purchaser upon equal
ground and the property up for auction is
generally sold for its true market value.
Prices paid at auction sales for real estate
are always fair criterions of the value of
property in the immediate vicinity aud often establish values. Sales as a
rule attract the attention of investors and purchasers, the price
paid being in most cases the fair value of
the property sold. Parties placing their
property in the hands of a reliable auctioneer also very often obtain a far better
price, at times far in excess, than if sold at
private sale, as competition between
purchasers brings out the true value. This
same rule holds good with regard to general mercandise, furniture and blooded
stock or anything sold in this manner.
A. M. Beattie
The leading and most successful auctioneer of this city is a native of Dumfrieshire,
Scotland, and the youngest son of Charles
Beattie, Esq. He came, when quite a child,
with his parents to Canada, who located in
Melbourne, Quebec. Here his early youth
was spent, and here also he received his education, attending St. Francis College, in
Richmond, Quebec, under the principalship
of J. H. Graham, LL.D. After leaving college he followed mercantile pursuits, first
engaging in business in Richmond, the firm
being known as Beattie & Alexander. In
1886 he sold out to his partner, aud came
to Vancouver, arriving here almost immediately after the great tire. Being impressed
with the great possibilities of the locality,
even then seeing its great future, he decided to remain here and establish himself
in the real estate and auction business,
making the latter part of the business a
specialty. Mr. Beattie was successful from
the s art, aud has built up the finest business in his line in the Province and amassed
quite a competency. To Mr. Beattie belongs the honor of conductiug the first real
estate auction sate in Vancouver, which
took- place. June 22, 1887, and although
small compared to subsequent sales,
amounted to nearly $3000. Since that time he
has conducted almost every important auction sale in this city, and has consummated
the largest sale of real estate in British Columbia hy any auctioneer. This was the
auction sale of the Fairview addition for
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and
realized $120,000. He has large and handsomely fitted auction rooms in the Ferguson
block, Hastings street, where real estate
sales are held monthly. These sales attract
considerable attention from real estate owners and purchasers, the results being consid-.
ered a fair criterion of the value of real
estate in this city and vicinity, not only by
real estate agents in Vancouver,but are also
quoted by financial and real estate journals
in the east.    Besides his specialty of  real
estate auction sales, Mr. Beattie also auctions furniture, household goods, merchandise, and horses, cattle and blooded
stock, and is also a Notary Public
of British Columbia and appraiser.
He not only does a large local business, but
is also often called to conduct sales in different parts of the Province, where his success is as great as in this city, his sales always attracting great crowds of purchasers.
He always has upon his books great bargains in city property for residence or business pnrposes, farms in various parts of the
Province, and also does a large renting business. He has the exclusive handling of the
Steves ton townsite, which will be placed
on the market in May. This
will be an auction sale with-
without reserve of 500 lots in the growing
city of Steveston. These lots are all
centrally located, free from stumps or trees
and perfectly level. The sale is already
attracting considerable attention and arrangements are being made for a large
crowd. All sales conducted by Mr. Beattie,
whether in bis auction rooms or in private,
are fair and his name attached to any sale
is a sufficient guarantee that there is no by
bidding. Much of his success is due to
his honesty, integrity and affability. As an
auctioneer he stands second to none in
Customs Returns Talk.
The following figures will show the growth
of the business done in Vancouver as indicated by the customs returns since this
place was made a port of entry :—
January 1888—Imports, dutiable, $5,910;
free, $1,669 ; total, $7,579. The revenue
amounted to $2,123.29. There were no exports.
January, 1889—Imports, dutiable, $26,-
099 ; free, $9,496 ; revenue, $8,231 ; exports. $16,391.
January, 1890—Imports, dutiable, $27,-
755 ; free, $5,287 ; revenue, $12,305 ; exports, $47,490.
January, 1891—Imports, dutiable, $38,-
439; free, $14,217; revenue, $24,853.10;
exports, $33,534.
October, 1890, shows the largest export,
namely, $104,953.
Bailey Bros.
This firm is the successor to Bailey &
Neelands, established in 1S88, and is composed of O. S. Bailey and W. Bailey.
They arc dealers in stationery, books,
periodicals, office supplies, artists' materials, pictures, picture frames, mouldings, and carry as complete a stock in thes e
various lines as any house in the Province.
A leading feature of the business is landscape photographing, of which department
a specialty is made.
They have the finest and best assortment
of views of British Columbia and also of
scenes on the line of the Canadian Pacifio
Mr. C. S. Bailey is a thorough artist in
this class of work; the illustrations of scenes
and buildings iu the illustrated number are
from photographs taken by him. A full
and complete assortment of views of Biitish
Columbia and scenes ou the Canadian Pacific Railway from Montreal to Vancouver
are constantly kept in stock and they are
without exception the finest and most complete published.
Hon. Wi Norman Bole.
The subject of this sketch is the County
Judge of this district. Judge Bole was
born in Castlebar, Ireland, December 6th,
1848, and is descended from an old Surrey
family, which emigrated to Ireland in 1520.
He came to British Columbia in early days,
and was the first lawyer that permanently
settled on the mainland and was also in 1887
appointed the first Queen's Council. He
was a J. P., and stipendiary magistrate for
British Columbia. He was a director of
the Royal Columbian Hospital, of which he
was four years president. Was a Lieutenant in the SeymourField Battery from 1879,
to 1882, and was Major in the B. C. Brigade
Garrison Artillery, V. M. He was first returned to the Legislative Assembly in 1886,
took his seat as Judge of the County
Court of New Westminster District, September 19th, 1887. He was one
of the promoters of the New
Westminster Southern Railway Co., and is
very largely interested in the District and
the Province generally, assisting always in
everything tending to promote the general
welfare of the country. Of over 600 cases
disposed of last year, but three of the decisions were appealed, two of which were dismissed. He was married February 26th.
1881, to Florence Blanchard, daughter of
J. Haning Coulthard, J. P., of New
Westminster.    They have two sons.
A. St. George Hamersley.
One of the generally recognized leading
lawyers of British Columbia is A. St.
George Hamersley, who was called to the
bar at Middle Temple, London, in 1874.
He practiced his profession in England and
subsequently in New Zealand, where he
was in the enjoyment of a very large and
lucrative business. During a trip to this
country, in 1888, he was so favorably impressed with it that he concluded to remain, and selected Vancouver as his future
home. Shortly afterwards he became as-
sociatied with Messrs. Drake, Jackson and
Helmcken, a leading Victoria firm of
lawyers, and soon received that recognition
which his talents deserved. He is the
present City Solicitor of Vancouver, having
been elected to that office in January, 1890.
Mr. Hamersley is interested in and a director of the Vancouver Manufacturing Company, is chairman of the Union Steamship
Company, and is identified with numerous
other important local enterprises. He is an
earnest supporter of every movement having
W  its  object the advancement of the city.
~J. J. Blake.
A man who stands in the front rank of
the legal profession in British Columbia,
is the subject of this brief sketch. Mr. J.
J. Blake was born in Haldimand County,
Ontario, in 1849, where his boyhood days
were spent. He attended Middlesex College
and Albert University, and later studied
law -at Osgoode Hall, Toronio. He successfully passed his examinations, subsequently practicing his profession in Toronto
for three years, and in London for seven
years, and in 1885, came to Vancouver,
where he has ever since lived. He opened
his office before the city was incorporated,
having the honor of drawing up the articles
of, incorporation. He was the first City
Solicitor,   being elected in May, 1886, and
serving until some time in 1887. Later he
was again appointed holding the office for
about three years when he resigned. He
was also Stipendiary Magistrate and Justice
ot the Peace for four years. In the early
history of the city there were some exciting
times, particularly at the time of the Chinese riots, when the city was in a state of
turmoil. It was then Mr. Blake displayed
his judicial learning, and his wise consels
offered to the workingmen resulted to their
benefit. In many instances he has done
considerable for the city, and in fact has
been identified and ta'ten a leading part
with everything of importance from the
time of the city's incorporation to the present. He assisted in starting some of our
present leading enterprises, and there was
no movement started that did not receive
his endorsement and support. His practice
is an extensive one, and he is looked upon
as the leading lawyer of our city. The present firm of Blake & Magee was formed
June 1st, 1890. Mr. Blake was married in
1887, and has two children.
J. A. Russell.
One of the bright young legal minds of our
city is the subject of this brief sketch. J.
A. Russell was born in Newcastle, New
Brunswick, September 17, 1866, where his
boyhood days were spent. His early education was received at Newcastle and Fred—
ericton, N. B , and he afterwards read law
in the office of W. A. Park, M.P.P., for
Northumberland County, and later in the
office of Attorney-General Blair, at Fred-
ericton. He worked for and obtained the
degree of JLL.B., from Dalhousie University,
Halifax, N.S., when but nineteen years of
age. In October, 1887, in his twenty-first
year, was called to the bar of New Bruns-
wich. After his admission he travelled for
five or six months, looking for a suitable
location, and from such knowledge as he
gained of the advantages of this country he
soon decided upon Vancouver as his most
desirable point. He arrived here in April,
1888, and at once entered into the practice
of his profession. The following August he
became associated with Messrs. Yates and
Jay, one of the leading legal firms of Victoria, forming the present firm of Yates,
Jay & Russell. Mr. Russell has had the
handling of some very important cases ; takes
a leading position at the bar of this district.
His practice is amongst the largest of that
of any lawyer in the city, which bespeaks
much for his ability. He is in every sense
public spirited aud assists in everything
tending to the city's prosperity.
John Campbell.
One of the leading lawyers of Vancouver
is Mr. John Campbell who was born at
Woodville, Victoria County, Ontario, in
1860. His boyhood days were spent there
attending the neighboring schools until he was
14 years of age, when he went to the Lindsay
Grammar school, at Lindsay. He afterwards entered the Toronto Collegiate Institute, and from there matriculated into
Toronto University, in the Law Department.
After leaving college he pursued his studies
further with the late Adam Hudspeth, Q,G,
M. P. and subsequently entered into a partnership at Lindsay with Mr. John A. Barron,
Q.O., M.P., which continued for two years,
when he left for British Columbia, arriving
at New Westminster in May, 1889. The
following July he became associated with
Messrs Corbould, McColl & Campbell, forming the present firm, and opened an office in
Vancouver, of which he has full charge, the
other members of the firm residing at New
Westminster. The firm ranks among the
leading lawyers of British Columbia, and
Mr. Campbell's ability and learning give
him that enviable position in the front rank
of the legal fraternity of which he may well
feel proud. He has more corporation business in his charge than any other lawyer in
the city, as well as enjoying a general lucrative practice. Everything for the city's
interests receives his hearty support. He
was married in June, 1888, to Miss Arthur,
the daughter of the late Hugh Arthur, of
Trenton, Ont., who in early days was well
known in Cariboo.    They have one child.
T. Thomson Blaek.
The subject of this brief sketch is a lawyer of considerable ability. Mr. T. Thomson
Black was born in Scotland, March 26,
1847, and when one year of age was taken
by his parents to Liverpool, Eng.—his
home until coming to this country. There
he received his education, and at the age
of twenty-one graduated from Queen's
College. . He served his articles with the
legal firm of Davenport & Collier, and
previous to leaving Liverpool was associated with Messrs. Bateson, Bright &
Warr, eminent shipping and commercial
lawyers, in which branch of the profession we venture to say there is no better
versed lawyer in British Columbia than
Mr. Black. The geographical position ot
Vancouver struck him so favorably that he
concluded to visit it, and if satisfied with
the city's future prospects settle permanently. He, however, arrived here at a most
unpropitious time, August, 1886, finding
the city in ashes. That nevertheless did
not deter him from locating, and six months
later he received the appointment to fill the
arduous duties of the combined offices of
Police Magistrate, City Solicitor and Judge
of the Small Debts Court, which occupied
his time exclusively for the following sixteen months, when he resigned in order that
the position might be segregated. He then
commenced the practice of his profession in
which he has ever since been engaged. He
owns considerable property and is largely
interested in the general development of
the country, assisting in everything that
tends to that direction. He is married and
has three children—two sons and one
daughter. His wife is the daughter of
Capt. Sleigh, of Queenstown and Liverpool.
E. A. Magee.
One of the bright young lawyers of Vancouver, is the subject of this brief sketch,
and is the junior partner in the firm of
Blake & Magee. Mr. Magee was born in
Nova Scotia, where his boyhood days were
spent. He attended Acadia College for
four years and later Dalhousie University,
at Halifax, from which institution he graduated in April, 1888. In September following he was admitted as a Barrister and
Solicitor of Nova Scotia, when he looked
about for a desirable location. Hearing of
the advantages of Vancouver, he came here
in December, 1888, and was so favorably
impressed with the city's advantages that he
concluded to remain and make it his future
home. He accordingly opened an office,
and one year later was admitted as a Barrister and Solicitor of British Columbia.
He formed his preseut partnership with Mr.
Blake, June 1st, 1890. Mr. Magee is a
young man of considerable ability, and his
practice is a very lucrative one.
Ho*. W. Norman Bolts.
J. A. Russell.
T. Thomson Black.
Gait. IT. A. Mkllox
ii) r.v .1. ii. Hall: "
ox. Jay Ewixg
C    WllKTHAM.
Oppenheimer Bros.
Shrewd, Enterprising, Far-Seeing Business Men Recognize the Importance
of Vancouver as a Commercial and
Trade   Distributing Centre.
As a Commercial Metropolis.
Vancouver's location adapts it specially
as a wholesale centre.     Behind it lies the
mainland of the Province of British Columbia and the great American continent, to all
points of which there is now direct and all-
rail communication. To the west and northwest, across the Gulf of Georgia,   is Vancouver Island,   on which is   situated the
cities of Victoria and Nanaimo ; the former
being distant some 80 miles and the latter
30.    To and from   these centres   of trade
and commerce there is daily communication
by swift and  modern built steamships, enabling the wholesale dealer in Vancouver to
supply bis customers  in  the  cities  named
the day the order  is  mailed,   and   at  very
moderate   transportation    rates.       To  all
points along the west coast of the mainland,
and the east coast of the Island,  steamers
depart at regular  stated  periods,   enabling
the merchants of  Vancouver  to   reach all
points   of   interest,   the    logging    camp3
and    rising    villages,    with    their   wares
and merchandise, for trade purposes.    Vancouver being a common terminal  point  for
trancoutineutal transportation  and  freight
rates, enjoys  an  advantage  of $4  per tou
over the Island cities tu all  interior points.
The shrewd, economical, merchant  will not
be slow to notice the immense  prestige this
gives_Vaneoiiver as against her rivals. With
a daily train service to  aud from all  points
east and south, direct steamship communication with   all  points  on Puget Sound,   the
Gulf of Georgia and the Northwest Coast,
Oregon and  California. Japan  and  China,
and shortly to be established a direct line to
Australia and  New  Zealand,   Vancouver's
advantages as a locality  in which to  establish industrial persuits, mercantile and shipping houses, must become obvious to everyone.    Here are located three of the  strongest chartered banks in the  Dominion,   possessing an aggregate capital of  about thirty
millions of dollars, besides a number of private ban.ang concerns, of large means; thus
assuring all classes  of  the community   the
amplest banking facilities.
Following are the exports of the port of
Vancouver for the year ending December
31st, 1890.
The Forest. ..;.-'*	
The Mines     .'.'.":... ... -. •• •. ■'• • '■ • • -•
The Fisheries 	
Animals «nd their producls  .. -£&vS£
Agriculture    .v...
Miscell neous 	
This firm—Vancouver's leading and most
prominent wholesale house—is  known not
only, in British Columbia, but also all along
the Pacific coast and eastern points.    They
are among the oldest merchants  of British
Columbia, having been engaged in business
in the Province as early as 1858, and have,
for over thirty year3,  been recognized as
amongst tne most energetic and successful
merchants of the Pacific coast.    Previous to
coming to Vancouver, they were established
in Victoria in a similar business, and perceiving that Vancouver, from its location and the
favorable position that it would occupy as a
distributing centre for all the interior of the
Province,  as well as for the neighboring
cities of Nanaimo and Westminster and the
large coast and shipping trade, was bound
to   become   a   large   city,   they transferred their business   here   early   in   1887,
commencing business in the brick   block of
which a representation is given in the illustrated     edition.       Their      business    has
continued to increase in volume and extent,
and the territory supplied by the  firm extendi  to the utmost limits of the Province,
besides supplying  the  local city trade and
surrounding points.    They are wholesalers
exclusively, and carry as large and complete
a stock of fancy and staple groceries, cigars,
tobaccos, teas aud sundries, as can be found
on the  coast,  buying their goods  at  first-
hands, aud in every case, where it  is possible,   importing their  supplies  direct  from
producers  and   manufacturers.    In   addition   to   a   very    long   experience,    beiug
thoroughly familiar with the requirements
of their customers,   they are able to offer
such terms as will induce customers to purchase from  them.    Another advantage  in
buying from them in preference to Victoria
houses is the saving of  freight  from  there
hence, a saving  at least amounting  to  §4
per ton.    In order to meet the requirements
of their large trade, they  will  erect at  an
early date a warehouse which will give them
ample room for the transaction of  their already enormous business and the large stock
of goods carried.    This building will be one
of the best in the city for business purposes
and  will  be  especially adapted for the requirements of their business.    The  individual   members  of  the firm, David and Isaac
Oppenheimer, are held in high esteem by the
public, aud are  identified with every movement having for its  object Vancoiuer's advancement.   The senior member, Mr. David
Oppenheimer, is  at present Mayor of Vancouver, which office  he holds for the fourth
consecutive year.
Following are amongst those who, recognizing in Vancouver all the requisites for
a corning great commercial and trade distributing centre, have located here and already
are transacting business on a scale which is
as surprising as it is truly gratifying.
feet of ground: It is to be most substantially built of stone, of a very imposing appearance, and no doubt will be one of- the
handsomest structures in the city. In addition to the line of goods they at iresent
carry, will be added a number of others,
among which may be mentioned everything
in house furnishings, gentlemen's goods, a
a first-class dressmaking and millinery department, each to be under the charge of a
competent person. The store is to be fitted
up in a way that will surpass any business
place in British Columbia, and in fact will
be second to none in the Dominion. All
the modern appliances and fittings to make
the business complete will be introduced.
Handsome elevators will be placed in the
centre of the store, and a splendid cash railway system is to be operated. The company possesses the best facilities for purchasing from all the markets of the world,
and will thus be enabled to keep on hand
the very latest and best in all their lines.
The business in Vancouver is under the able
management of Mr. C. W. Robson, a gentleman who is thoroughly conversant with
all its details as well as the demands of the
company's trade.
BHudson's Bay Company.
This company is known from one end of
the world to the other, through its historical relations with the Pacific Northwest,
and its history ' would prove a very entertaining one. Our purpose, though, is not to
undertake this voluminous task but to
briefly mention the company's Vancouver
business. The company has at present two
stores on Cordova street and two on Granville street, in which is carried a complete
stock of groceries, provisions, wines, spirits
etc., as well as dry goods of every description of which they are direct importers.
The company's new building, which will
shortly be in course of construction, is to be
situated on the corner of Georgia and Granville streets, and will be either three or
four stories in height,   occupying  100x50
Oriental  Traders Co., (I/ri>.
The Oriental Trader's Company wasjincor-
porated in May, 1890. Its business is the
exchange of products with the various
oriental countries. Already it has established the very best of connections, the
most remunerative of which at present are
at Japan, China, Straits Settlements, Philippine Isles, Java and India. The goods it
imports in the largest quantities are: raw
sugars, (of which it lately made a sale to
the B. C. Sugar Refinery of this city,
amounting to §200,000) coffees, teas, rice,
brushes, floor mattings, silks, spices, caster
oil, manilla cigars, furs, tapiocas, sago,
straw braid, etc. It sells to the wholesale
trade exclusively, aud differs from most
firms -in a similar business in that it carries
a sufficient stock ot most all lines in its
warehouses here to supply the wholesale
demand of Western Canada. Flour,
lumber and salmon will be its chief exports,
for the handling of which arrangements
have been completed with its oriental eor-
lespondents. It has a resident partner in
the Philippine Isles who will shortly start
from Manilla for Vancouver, and en route
call upon the company's correspondents,
remaining with each sufficient time to make
complete their already satisfactory arrangements. It lias a representative traveling
throughout Canada calling on the leading
wholesale dealers and manufacturers in all
the cities 'between Vancouver and Halifax.
The capital stock of the company is now
$250,000, to which amount it was increased
a few months since. Then trade is growing
rapidly as a result of its ability, through a
thorough established line of connections, to
distance all competitors.   ,
Vancouver Candy Company.
Among the new and important manufacturing establishments of Vancouver is the
Vancouver Candy Company, established in
1890. It has proved a success from the
start and supplies the trade of the city and
surrounding points in the Province with all
grades of candies aud confections. The
works are located on Keefer street, and are
equipped with all the newest and necessary
appliances for the successful conduct of the
business, enabling it to compete successfully
with manufacturers in eastern cities. The
goods are acknowledged to be superior to
any in the Province. Its trade is constant
ly increasing in volume. The management
of the company is in the hands of Mr. S.
McHugh who has.had a thoroughly practical
experience in the business, and is familiar
with its every detail:
Cope A Young.
This is the leading dry goods firm in the
city. It occupies two stores in the Ferguson
block, corner of Hastings and Richards
streets, and carries a complete stock of all
goods in its line. In addition to tbe largest
assortment of dry goods in the city a department is devoted to carpets, curtains,
etc., of a varied and extensive assortment.
The millinery department is under the
charge of a competent lady, and the latest
novelties in this line are always carried.
The jacket and mantle department is complete, and the stock includes German mantles in endless variety, cloth and lace jackets, lace dolmans, etc. This store is in fact
one of the largest in the Province and every
facility is posessed for obtaining from the
markets of the world everything that is
new and novel. The members of the firm
are among our most enterprising citizens;
they are identified with many of our most
important enterprises and take a leading
part in all public movements.
II. McDowell & Co.
This firm is the leading drug house in
Vancouver; was established by Mr. McDowell in June 1886. Mr. McDowell was
born March 3rd, 1862, at Milton, Halton
County, Ontario, and was educated in his
native town. After graduating he taught
school for two years and then entered the
employ of Henry Watson, the father of his
present junior partner, and the leading druggist of Milton. He remained with him for
three years, and then left for Port Arthur,
where he accepted a position with the drug
firm of O'Connor & Co., of that city. Here
he remained for two years and in 1886 immediately after the great fire came to Vancouver, and opened a drug store here in a
little frame building. By close attention to
business he gained the confidence of the
people and as a consequence has built up
the largest trade in the city. The little
frame store in which he first ventured in
business, has been superseded by the elegant
quarters occupied by him, at No. 10 and 12,
Dunn block, fitted up with every convenience for the conduct of his growing business. On March 1st, of this year, he bought
out the establishment of A. W. Draper, No.
416 Granville street, and took into partnership Mr. Harry H. Watson, the son of his
preceptor. Mr. Watson is a graduate of
the Ontario College of Iharmaey and a
thorough practical chemist. The firm carry
in both stores a full and complete stock of
pure drugs and chemicals, proprietory medicines, pharmaceutical preparations and
druggists sundries. A specialty is made of
their prescription department. None but
the best and purest drugs are used in compounding and the public and medical profession place the utmost confidence in the
faithful filling of all prescriptions left in
their charge. They have a large sale of
patent medicines and are proprietors and
manufactures of McDowell's Syrup of Linseed and Hoarhound; McDowell's Beef Iron
and Wine, McDowell's Embrocation and
McDowell's Extract of Sarsaspanlla and
Iodides. Besides a large city trade, consid- *
erable business is done by the firm in supplying that of surrounding cities in the Province.
McLennan A McFeely.
This is one of the most enterprising firms
in the city, as well as being the leading in
its line. They are wholesale and retail
dealers in and carry a complete assorted stock of hardware, paints aud oils
mantles, grates and tiling, gas fixtures and
lamp goods, plumbers and tinners' supplies,
stoves and house furnishings, and are manufacturers of galvanised iron cornices, hot
air furnaces, etc. They also do plumbing
and gas fitting. The building they occupy,
at 122 Cordova street, is owned and was
built by the firm and is two stories in
height, each floor 25x132 feet. The first
floor is used as the retail department, where
is stocked, in endless variety, hardware,
stoves, lamp goods, etc. White mantles,
grates and house furnishing goods, occupy
the second flat, in the rear of which is the
workshop. The front of the store has
lately been enlarged and magnificent plate
glass put in, making it in appearance as attractive as any place of busiuessin the city.
The firm has a large amount of capital invested in the business, aud gives constant
employment to an average of seven teen men.
Their trade is rapidly growing, and their
enterprise and ability merit the standing
they have in the front ran < of British Col-
umbias's business men. This firm is also
established in Victoria doing a similar business.
Shclfon & Co.
The leading furniture store in the city is
that of Messrs. Shelton & Co , 518 and 520
Hastings street, where they occupy three
floors, in addition to a large warehouse and
workshop in the rear. They carry an extensive stock, consisting of bedroom sets,
sideboards, extension sets, upholstered
goods made on the premises, and in fact
everything in the furniture line in addition
to carpets, oil cloths, linoleums, pictures,
picture frames, etc. They are agents for
the American Rattan Co. 's baby carriages,
the best in the market, aud import Austrian bentwood chairs. Mr. H. T. Shelton,
the manager, has had considerable experience
in this line, being formerly of the firm of
Bishop & Shelton at Winnipeg, where they
did a large business.
T. T. Sich.
Mr. Thomas T. Sich, the leading tobacconist of this city, was born January 24th,
1858, in Chiswick, County Middlesex, England. He was educated at Brighton College,
Sussex. After graduating he returned to
London, where he engaged in the tea trade,
doing quite a successful busiuess for nine
years, and afterwards for four years in the
hop tra.-le. In 1890 Mr. Sich left England
and came to Vancouver for the purpose of engaging in hop culture, but on his arrival here
became impressed with Vancouver as a business point and embraced an opportunity of
purchasing his present business. When ho
first opened up, the busiuess was a small affair which he has gradually increased to its
present proportions, the leading and largest
establishment of the kind in Vancouver.
His stock embraces a full line of the finest
quality   of   Havana   cigars,  smoking and
chewing tobaccos, pipes, in briar and meerschaums, and all smoker's materials. He car-
ries in stock besides a full line of domestic
cigars all sizes of Upmann's Partagas, Lar-
ranagas, La Intimidad, La Corona and other
well known American brands, in fact making a specialty of fine cigars. Mr. Sich has
built up a fine trade in smoking tobaccoes,
his specialty being Sich's Own Mixture,
which is a medium fragrant smoke. He
also carries a heavy stock of W. D. and H.
Wills' celebrated smoking tobaccos, and
other well known favorite brands. In cigarettes, besides all the popular kinds he imports Melachrinos, Khedives and Papadu-
poula, Egyptian and Turkish cigarettes. Mr.
Sich imports his goods direct, receiving
consignments by every steamer. Besides a
fine local trade he does a large wholesale business. Sich's store, corner of Cambie and
Cordova streets, is one of the most prominent in the city and a very popular resort for
all lovers of the weed who appreciate his
enterprise by giving him their exclusive
Springer, Mellon A Co.
This firm was recently formed, the members Mr. B. Springer and Capt. Mellon
having combined their individual interests,
making it one of the strongest firms in the
city. Each is well adapted through experience and ability for successfully carrying
on the business. Mr. Springer is one of our
pioneers and fully conversant with the requirements of the country. Capt. Mellon
has been here some time, and is the only
man in the marine insurance business who
has never resisted a claim, which the Union
SS. Co. and other large companies here will
affirm. Mr. Springer is Vice-Consul of
Sweden and Norway and Capt. Mellon,
Spanish ViceUonsul. American Lloyd's
agent and agent for the Board of Americau
and Foreign Shipping. They are Notaries
Public and commissioners, receive all kinds of
merchandise on consignment, make liberal advances on the same and furnish free storage.
Lands of every description are bought and
sold, loans negotiated and investments made.
They are agents for the North British and
Mercantile Fire Insurance Co , of London
and Edinburgh: the Guardian Fire Insurance
Co., of Loudon; the California Marine Insurance Co., of San Francisco; the Western
Marine Assurance Co., of Toronto; the
Underwriting and Agency Association of
Lloyds, London; the Life and Accident Insurance Co., of North America, and the
North German Lloyds, Guiou and French
trans-Atlantic steamer lines.
Palace Tiivery Stables.
This is the leading livery stable in the
city and is situated at 101 Pender street.
The building occupied is well adapted in
every particular for the business, the livery
stock of horses is by .all odds the best in
the Province and all their buggies aud carriages are new and handsome in appearance.
Those desiring a good turnout are recommended ,to patronize this stable and by doing so will consult their own comfort and
pleasure. Every facility is possessed for
the boarding of horses. Messr.s Black &
Wilkinson are the proprietors.
T>. Oppesiielmer.
K P. Cookk, CE.
J. Wi:LyKH.)ux.
jhku hy J. ]». Ham..
R. H. Alexaxdbr.
J. W.  HORN'S, M.P.P.
H. T. Cbpbrlev.
un. jamks wn
£rfl    £4
J. C. JIcLaoax.
  souvenir Edition Vancouver Daily world.
Interesting Sketches of Busy Men's Lives
who are Shaping Vancouver's Destiny
and Making the City Famous all
over the Habitable Globe.
James W. Home. M. P. i\.
Eldest son of the late Christopher and
Elizabeth Orr Home, was borne November 3rd, 1853, at Toronto, Ontario. His
father, a native of Saxe Cobure, and came to
America when a young man, and after a
brief residence in the United States, removed
to Canada and first settled in Dundas,
where he established a cloth manufactory.
At Toronto he became a partner in the
Clark woolen mills. While this enterprise
was still in its infancy he died, leaving a
widow and five children, of whom the subject of the present sketch was the eldest.
When the estate was wound up it was found
that only a few hundred dollars remained
for the maintenance of the family. At this
time Mr. Home was a lad of nine years of
age, attending school; but with the discernment and fortitude of one of maturer years
he saw and decided that it was his duty to
get out into life, and if possible aid his
mother in providing for the family. He
was willing to take any employment which
offered, and the first thing at which he engaged was doing the lighter work on a farm
situated near Toronto. He left his first
employer to engage with a farmer in Pickering township, who had agreed to allow
him every alternate day to attend school.
On these terms he remained in Pickering
for about two years, when he removed to
Scarboro, where' he entered the employ of
another farmer. He remained here until he
reached the age of 15 years. Having a
strong bent toward mechanical studies he
decided to apprentice himself to a large
manufactory at Whitby. He did so and
for the next five years he remained in this
establishment sedulously devoting his at-
tention to the acquisition of all the branches
of the business. During the five years of
his apprenticeship Mr. Home allowed his
salary to accumulate in the business, and
at the end of that time about §3,000 had
accumulated to his credit, which he
invested in the business, and was shortly
after elected a director of the company, and
also was appointed managing director. He
continued to conduct this large establishment for two years when, owing to the.
failure of his health, he was obliged to resign this position. He subsequently began
business as an Insurance and general agent
at Whitby, and latterly at Belleville, continuing in this advcoation until the spring
of 1878, when his health again failing, he
went to Southern California remaining there
only a few months. Manitoba, then known
as the Red River country, was at this time
coming into notice, and deciding that a
, splendid business opportunity was afforded
there, he accordingly went to Winnipeg,
then a struggling town of 3,000 inhabitants.
He opened an Insurance and Shipping office aud in a short time succeeded in building up a good business. In the spring of
1881,  after the charter for the 0. P. R.
west from Winnipeg to the Rocky Mountains had been granted, there were hundreds
of people in Winnipeg on the qui vive to be
the first on the site of the large town which
was expected to spring up on the line of
railway in the centre of the fine agricultural
country west of Winnipeg. Mr Home
concluded that he would be first on the site
and be one of the chief founders of this
proposed city, and when Gen. Rosser laid
out the route of the railway Mr. Home
followed him on horseback. When he
reached the Assiniboine River he decided
that he had found the site of the future
metropolis. The 3ite of the future town
was at this time indistinguishable from the
prairie, which stretched on every side,
except by the grade stakes of the Canadian
Pacific Railway. Mr. Home bought a certain quantity of land at this point. He at
once opened an office, or rather erected a
tent, ou the prairie, divided his land into
lots, opened and graded streets and when
this preliminary work was accomplished,
began the erection of buildings. His desire was to attract attention- aud residents
to the new place, and in order to do this he
went to Winnipeg and got business men
and others, by offering good inducements
and stores at low rent for the first six
months, to cast in their fortunes with the
young town. In November the railway
came through aud with it a large number of
people poured in. In the spring of 1882
there were over one thousand residents in
the place and a public meeting was accordingly held, and a charter of incorporation
as a city was applied for and granted. Mr.
Home declined to accept the Mayoralty,
but allowed himself to be placed on the
Council board. At the first meeting of the
aldermanic board Mr. Home was appointed
chairman of the board of public works.
Mr. Home's property increased in value
with .the growth of the town, and he was
regarded as not only the most enterprising
and successful, but also the wealthiest citizen
of Brandon. Mr. Horne had always kept
a watchful eye on the Pacific Province,
and was especially regardful of the Pacific
terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
In the spring of 1883 he took a trip to
Southern California, and on his return visited Burrard Inlet and the Fraser valley. He
perceived, however, that he was too soon,
and he accordingly returned to Winnipeg
and Brandon. In the spring of 1884 he
again visited Burrard Inlet, but found he
was too soon yet and invested in some farming lands, which are now very valuable.
In March, 18S6, he finally came through to
Vancouver (known as Coal Harbor), one
year and a half before the railway hid been
extended to it. He took up his residence
there, however, and invested largely in
real estate, when there was nothing to indicate the present growing metropolis. He
identified himself with its progress and
growth from the beginning, and being a
shrewd, far-seeing business man, he made
very choice selections of property and
erected business buildings thereon. His
faith in Vancouver's greatness.from the first
was unbounded, and now that he has made a
large fortune, none begrudge it "to him. He
is the heaviest individual property owner in
Vancouver, and has built several large business blocks on Cordova, Granville and
other streets, views of some of which are
given in this number. In 18S8 he was
elected a member of the City Council of
Vancouver,  and again   in 1889,  on both
occasions heading the poll, and in 1890 he
stood successfully as a candidate for the
Provincial Parliament of British Columbia.
He has entered the most of his interests
here and these now amount to a large sum.
He is President of the Vancouver Loan,
Trust, Savings and Guarantee Company;
President of the Pacific Coast Fire Insurance Company; Chairman of the Board of
Park Commissioners; Director on the Electric Railway and Light Company; President
of the Colonization and Trading Company;
Director of the Northwest Loan Company;
and Director of the Northwest Insurance
Company, and is on the boards of a large
number of other important companies. He
is one of the most public spirited men of
' Vancouver, and has the full confidence of
the citizens, as has been shown repeatedly
at the polls. He is also a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity. Mr. Home's
career is one which young Canadians would
do well to consider with attention. He
is a self-made man. His success is due entirely to his own efforts. He has established
a reputation for business sagacity that gives
him great Influence mthe city and Province.
He has an honorable career. His marvellous success is the result of unswerving
fidelity to the motto so often preached but
so little practiced : "Industry, Intelligence,
R. P. Cooke, €. E.
One of our prominent, influential and
public spirited citizens is Mr. R. P. Cooke,
who is the second son of the late Thomas
Lalor Cooke, Crown Solicitor,' Kings
County, Ireland. He was born at Birr,
Kings County, in 1824, and graduated at
Trinity College, Dublin, with the degree of
B. A., in 1848. Studying engineering under Sir John McNeil, he obtained a first-
class diploma from the engineering school
attached to the university. Emigrating to
Canada in 1852 he was employed on the
Grand Trunk Railway, west of Toronto,
being subsequently engage., as assistant and
divisional engineer on the construction
works at Toronto, Weston, Stratford, and
St. Mary's and also as district engineer in
charge of the line west of Toronto. In
1859 he removed to Kingston, taking charge
of the Central District from Toronto to
Montrael. In 1861 he terminated his connection with the Grand Trunk Railway and
some time after, having been appointed
managing director of the Brockville and
Ottawa Railway, he removed to Brockville.
He resigned that position in 1867. Since
that time he has been engaged as engineer
and contractor in various works in Canada
and the United States. Among these may
be mentioned the Boston, Barre and Gardner Railway in Massachusetts, costing over
8600,000; the Carillon Canal and Dam on
the Ottawa, costing from $700,000 to §800,-
000; the Toronto Harbor Protection works
amounting to over §250,000; breakwaters,
dredging and general improvement of navigation on the Nicolet, from §200,000 to
§300,000, and various other important undertakings. On his first visit to the Pacific
coast, in 1SS7, Mr. Cooke was so much impressed by the favorable site of the embroyo
city of Vancouver for manufacturing industries, that he shortly afterwards, in the
spring of 1888, took up his permanent abode
here, and, in connection with a few friends
established the Vancouver City Foundry
and Machine Works Co. He also
took an active part in the construction of
the Electric Street Railway, of which company he held the position of President during the building of the line. Mr. Cooke is
a member of the Society of Civil Engineers,
and has been appointed by the Provincial
Government to the office of Vice-Chancellor
of the proposed University of British Columbia. Mr. Cooke is President of St.
Patrick's Society.
Thomas Dunn.
One of Vancouver's most prominent and
influential citizens is the subject of this
sketch. Mr. Thomas Dunn is a native of
Edinburgh, Scotland; was born May 31st,
1853, He received his education a Newing-
ton Academy, graduating from that institution in 1869. After leaving school he entered
the emply of Douglas & McDonald, hardware merchants in the Grassmarket, Edinburgh. Thus entering at an early age into
the business with which he has ever since been
successfully identifld. He remained] with
Douglas & McDonald for six years, at the
end of which time he travelled in England for two years, representing a
hardware house. In 1876 Mr. Dunn
left Scotland for Canada, locating
in Toronto, where he was engaged in
the hardware business for seven years.
In 1883 he left Toronto and came west to
Victoria, where he engaged in the hardware
commission business for himself with success, for two years. Mr. Dunn closed out
his business in Victoria and came to Vancouver in February, 1886. opening up a
store on the corner of Carrall and Powell
streets. The memorable fire of Sunday,
June 13th, 1886, which swept the young
city out of existence, destroyed his entire
stock. Nothing daunted, on the following morning he started the building of a
new store on the site now occupied by the
present building, and to Mr. Dunn belongs
the honor of having erected the first store in
Vancouver after the fire. His business
prospered and grew in volume, the demands
of his increasing trade necessitating a
second store at No. 140 Cordova street.
He carried on business in these two stores
until December, 1889, when he built the
magnificent block where the present immense establishment is now located. The
establish ment is excellently arranged for the
conduct of the business, and the stock carried is the largest in the Province. Besides
a full and complete line of shelf and heavy
hardware, bar iron, steel and mill supplies,
the firm are sole agents for British Columbia for the Canadian Rubber Company,
Forsyth's Patent Boston Rubber
Belting, Eureka and Paragon Hose,
Goodhue's leather belting, Wiley &
Russell's machinist's supplies and the
Hamilton Powder Company's high explosives. The firm at present is composed
of Thomas Dunn and P. T. Dunn, the firm
name being T. Dunn & Co. They give employment to eight hands in the various departments of the business and are without
exception the largest and heaviest dealers in
hardware in British Columbia. Mr. T.
Dunn has always had implicit faith in Vancouver and has interested himself and taken
a prominent part in every enterprise having
for its object the city's advancement.
He served in the first Council of the city in
1886, and was one the framers of the city
charter. He was president of the Vancouver Electric Light Co., and is now vice-
president of the Vancouver Electric Railway and Light Co.     Mr. Dunn is a promi
nent member of the Board of Trade, and
has served as vice-president of that body.
In 1881 he was married to Miss Isabella
Miller, daughter of Hugh Miller, Esq., J.P.,
of Toronto. They have five children and
reside on Georgia street, in one of the
handsome it residences in Vancouver.
Joiisiihuii Miller.
The subject of -this brief sketch, Mr.
Jonathan Miller, Postmaster of Vancouver,
comes of U. E. loyalist stock; was born
September 5th, 1836, in Delaware, Middlesex County, Ontario. He received his education at Caradoc Academy, and after graduating entered into mercantile pursuits in
his native village. At the age of 21 he was
appointed a Justice of the Peace for Middlesex County, and served as such for five
years. In 1862 he left Ontario, then called
Canada west, and came to British Columbia,
lociting first in New Westminster. Here
he was engaged in various pursuits, until
the year 1866, when he entered the lumbering business on Burrard Inlet. He had two
. lumbering camps, situated on the shores of
Burrard Inlet, operated two teams and gave
employment to twenty men, cutting and
hauling the logs for the Moodyville mill.
He followed this business until 1869, when
he disposed of his interests and bought a
farm on the Fraser river. After about two
years of close attention to farming, he decided to give it up aud sold out in the
spring of 1871. Returning to Burrard Inlet he was shortly afterwards appointed
Constable, Government Collector and
Agent for Burrard Inlet, his territory extending on both sides of the shore of Burrard Inlet from Port Moody to English Bay.
In 1886 he resigned his position as Constable and Government Agent and was appointed Postmaster of the young City of
Vancouver. Mr. Miller is one of the
early pioneers, and one of ' the
earliest property owners, having invested
in real estate here as early as 1876. He
has seen the fair City of Vancouver grow
from a vast and almost impenetrable wilderness to the wonderful and progressive city
of 1891, and was most instrumental in the
framing of its charter, and prominently
identified with its early history. He formed one of the committee who framed the
charter for the incorporation of the city,
and by the charter was appointed returning
officer his name being the only one which
appeared therein. He was also returning
officer at the election of the first Mayor and
Council of the city. Mr. Miller always had
the utmost faith in Vancouver, and that it
would become the greatest city in British
Columbia. At the time the city was laid
out and platted he invested largely in property, a great amount cf which he still
holds. In 1889 he, in conjunction with
Mr. Thos. Dunn, erected the handsome
building known as the Dunn-Miller block,
which is one of the finest in the city. Besides this building he has erected numerous
others and is one the largest property holders here, most of his real estate being unimproved and of the choicest kind. Mr.
Miller was married in 1857 to Miss Marguerite Springer, daughter of Col. Springer,
of Delaware, and ten children have blessed
their union. He is a very efficient officer
as well as a popular citizen, attending to
the duties of the office which he holds in a
business-like and efficient manner, and' has
the esteem and confidence of the entire
community.   To his able management much
of the success of the office is due, and
this fact is fully appreciated both by the
Government, and the business nfen of the
city. He is a prominent member of the
A. 0. U. W., and takes a leading part in
everything looking to the welfare of Vancouver. He has had a very honorable career,
and has established for himself a reputation
for business sagacity and foresight that
gives him great influence in the city.
B. Springer.
One of the early settlers of British Columbia, and a leading business man of Vancouver, is the subject of this brief sketch.
Mr. B. Springer was bom in Middlesex
County, Ontario, February 2nd, 1841, where
his boyhood days were spent aud his education received. He came to this coast in
1862, and engaged in mining at Cariboo,
where he remained until 1872, when he became connected with the Moodyville Saw
Mill Company. In 1890 he resigned his
position as manager of that company, and
in September of the same year started in
Vancouver his present general commission
aud insurance business, which is now conducted on an extensive scale. Mr. Springer
owns considerable property and has erected
a number of pretentious buildings in the
city, among which is the Masonic Temple
block and also the Leland block on Hastings street. He is an active member of the
Board of Trade, and is a thoroughly public-
spirited citizen. He is a man of rare business sagacity; of an energetic spirit, and
withal, of unimpeachable integrity. Whatever is for the advancement of the city, and
whatever wJl tend to its industrial development, finds in him an earnest promoter.
In mining affairs particularly Mr. Springer
has lent his time and money, probably more
than any one else in the city, in the development and furthering of that interest.
He has always had unbounded confidence
in the future of the city, and was one of the
very first to erect a brick building—the
Leland block—which was either the first
or second built in Vancouver.
Capt. II. A. Mellon.
The subject of this sketch is one of Vancouver's responsible and influential citizens.
Capt. Mellon was born in Nottingham,
Eng., in 1840, and was educated at Rev.
Dr. Lang's Academy, Ipswich. Having
early evinced a predeliction for the life of a
sailor, soon after leaving school he went to
sea, serving his time principally in the Indian trade. He was a participant in some
stirring events of the Indian mutiny, and
was au officer in the navy of the East India
service. After the war he made a few voyages in sailing vessels when he joined the
Allan line of steamers, and was for twenty
years in the Allan and Dominion line, as an
officer and master. In 1879 he quit seafaring life aud went' to Manitoba. He was
somewhat out of his element living
inland, being so long at sea, aud upon
learning of the advantages of Vancouver as
a seaport decided to come here, arriving in
1886, just after the fire, to make it bis permanent home. He entered into the business of real estate and fire and marine insurance, in which he has ever since been
successfully engaged. In marine insurance
he is said to be the best posted man in the
city, and does the largest business in that
line. He is agent for some of the strongest
companies, and is American  Lloyd's agent,
 Sr. Andrew's Presbyterian Cik-rch
Thos. Duns's Residence.
Congregational Church.
R.  H, Alexander's Residence
C. D. Rand's Residence.
and is also official agent and surveyor for
the record of American and foreign shipping for the whole Province. In addition
to his extensive business in these lines he is
Vice Consul for Spain for all the Province;
Commissioner for Manitoba, a J. P. and
Notary Public and nautical assessor;
to all of which he gives that
attention which each requires. Capt.
Mellon, by his reliability, strict attention to business,and integrity, has established a deservedly high reputation, and
though his interests aie .pomewhat diversified, requiring most of his time and attention, he finds time for those social requirements which his public positions demand of
him. Personally he :s one of the most
genial of men, and his many good qualities
evoke the regard of liis fellow citizens. He
has interested himself in many of our enterprises, and aids in everything for the
city's welfare. One of the events of his life
of which he is proud is that previous to his
retirement from the sea, the leading citizens
of New Orleans, in recognition of his services to their port, presented him with a
handsome jewel as a testimonial and unanimously elected him a member of the Cotton
Exchange. He is married and has one
George E. Berteaux.
A representative citizen of Vancouver is
Geo. E. Berteaux. He was born at Nic-
taux, Aunapolis County, Nova Scotia, May
Oth; 1844, where he ieceived his education.
In 1863 he removed to Woodstock, New
Brunswick, tak'ng a position in the Woodstock Charcoal Iron Works, remaining there
for three years as accountant and cashier.
He then went to St. John, N. B., entering
the large wholesale commission and shipping house of Hall & Fair weather, with
which firm he remained for about nine
years. In the meantime he became largely
interested in shipping, and in 1875 severed
his connections with that firm. From that
time he continued to own and manage shipping for himself and others in New Brunswick, until 1886 when he removed to the
coast. He spent one year in San Francisco
and then came to Vancouver, where he has
since resided. Mr. Berteaux is the head of
the firm of Berteaux & Co., grocers and provision merchants, is Vice-President of
the Board of Trade and is identified more
or less with many of the industrial enterprises of the city, as well as being largely
interested in real estate. Since his arrival
here he has always taken an active and
conspicuous part in all public questions effecting the interests of Vancouver, and is
one of the live intelligent business men of
the city.
.1. €. McLagaai
Is, by birth, a Scotsman, was born in
Strathardle, Perthshire, in 1838, and received his early education in the parish
school, Moulin. With his parents and their
family he came to Canada in 1853, settling
in Logan township, County of Perth, where
his parents still reside. Is the eldest of
eight of a family, all of whom are living.
Began his apprenticeship to the printing
business in 1854 in the Sentinel office,
Woodstock, where he remained until 1859,
when he with his young wife removed to
Clinton, remaining there till the winter of
1861, when he left for Quebec, h av ing
eeoured a position in the Government printing office.    In May of that year he removed
to Guelph, where he was foreman of the^ItZ-
vertiser. In July, 1862, in company with Mr.
•James Innes (now M. P. for South Wellington)   he  bought  the  Mercury,   which  the
new  firm  in  a year  or two  succeeded in
placing  in  the  first rank of  the  weeklies
in the then Canada, a position that' journal
still   retains.     The   happy,   pleasant  and
profitable   connection    between    the    firm
of McLagan & Innes, terminated   on the 1st
July, 1869, by the withdrawal of its senior
from the publishing  business  to  enter into
the  manufacturing line,   he  having organized     the     firm    of    the  -Osborne    Sewing     Machine     Company,     which     from
the   period   named till  the   1st   of   July,
1874,   was  one  of   the largest   and   most
successful concerns of the kind in the country, giving employment to several hundreds
of men and shipping  its  wares  to all parts
of  the  globe.    Two of the   firm,   by   the
effluxion of time,   withdrew,   the other two
carrying on  the  business.     A  few   weeks
after leaving the  Sewing  Machine Co. Mr.
McLagan secured an interest in the business
of the Wellington  Oil  Company,   the concern being now owned by Cul.Higinbotbam,
M. P., and the  subject  of this sketch.    In
a year or two he  bought out the interest of
the former in the Wellington Oil Company,
the firm of  Higinbotham  &   McLagan and
that of J. C. McLagan  &  Co., all of which
he    controlled  till' January.    1881.      The
erratic      condition      of     the     oil     market     at     this    period    resulted    in    Mr.
McLagan sustaining heavy  losses,   compelling him to place his estate in  the hands of
a receiver for the  benefit  of  his  creditors.
In March of that year   he  left  for  British
Columbia.    Previous to his  departure from
Guelpb, the Mayor,   on   behalf of the citizens, presented him   with  an  elaborate address,  as  did  likewise   the   St.   Andrew's
Society, of which he was President. A well-
filled purse of gold accompanied the address
of the citizens,   whilst  Mrs.   McLagan was
presented with a magnificent silver set. For
many years Mr.  McLagan  had  served  the
city as Councillor and Alderman, each year
occupying positions  ot chairman of impor- '
tant committees, the last  being  that of the
finance.    In that   capacity   he  introduced
many sweeping changes  in the management
of the city's affairs, which are still followed
out.    He built in Guelph some of the finest
buildings the beautiful city  of Guelph  can
justly boast of, as well as the Masonic Hall,
Listowel.    After spending some six months
in British Columbia, a country with   which
he was highly   pleased,   he   returned  east,
reaching Winnipeg in  January, 1882, when
the boom was at its height      In August of
that year in  company  with  other   gentlemen     he      bought      the      Sun      newspaper,    Disposing  of  his  interest in  that
concern in the spring  following he attached
himself to the  Free  Press office.  " In  the
fall  of  1883,   deeming a change  of climate
imperative for  his  health,   and  feeling assured British Columbia was destined to become a great country, he arrived in Victoria
the first week of November, 1883.    Iu 1884
a co-partnership was  formed with Mr. Gideon Robertson in Victoria (now of this city)
as real estate agents, which continued about
a year. On the establishment of the Victoria
Times, in 1884, at the urgent request of-its
leading shareholders, he assumed control of
that journal and remained connected therewith until the first of   July, 1S8S, when he
disposed of his interests to Mr. (now Aid.)
Henry J. Munn.    In September following
he completed all arrangements for establishing The World iu Vancouver, and on
the 29bh of that month this journal made its
first appearance as a daily, followed on the
4th of October by the first issue of the
Weekly World. With all the vigor, knowledge and experience Mr. McLagan possessed he threw himself heartily into his work
and the success which has attended his efforts here, is but in keeping with the energy he displayed in connection with
all the enter |.ries he ever associated
himself with, all of which, with
one exception, are to-day flourishing
concerns. He has the most abiding faith in
Vancouver's future, as well as the vast
possibilities there are in store for this
Mr. McLagan was first married to
Jeannie,eldest daughter of the late William
Green, Woodstock. The issue of this
marriage was six children, only one of
whom, J. C. McLagan, jun.. is living,
that fell disease, diphtheria, having carried
off four of his children—his then whole
f?*mily—in nine days. Their beloved mother
died in Guelph on the 9th October, 1882.
On the 11th December, 1884, in Victoria,he
married Sara Anne, eldest daughter of Mr.
John Maclure, of Matsqui. Three children
have blessed this union, of whom two are
HKoii. Jay Giving.
The subject of this brief sketch, our
American Consul, is a gentleman who has
enjoyed an honored public career, and the
learning, ability and integrity which he has
displayed in the fulfillment of his present
consular position, stamp him as an admirably equipped man of affairs. Mr. E^'ing
was born in Lancaster, Ohio, U. S., June
27th, 1850, where his boyhood days were
spent. He was educated at the Notre
Dame University of Indiana, from which
institution he graduated with honors. He
afterwards traveled extensively through
the West Indies and South America, and
upon his return founded at Columbus, Ohio,
the Columbus Herald, (which is still published), editiug and managing this paper tor
two years. He then made a tour through
the western territories, California, Mexico,
Central America and the west coast of
South America. Subsequently he entered
upon a long term of public life receiving the
position of Assistant Librarian of Congress,
which he filled for several years, and then
was appointed Chief of Division of the
Consular Bureau, Department of State, at
Washington. Later he was sent to Saxony,
Germany, as Consul. Returning to the
United States he visited the Pacific Northwest and the site of the present City of Vancouver, then known as Granville. From
here he went to San Diego, California, and
engaged in the real estate business for a
while, when he made a second tour of Mexico and the Rocky Mountain States, returning home to Ohio by way of Montana and
the Great Lakes. His next objective point
was New York City, where he entered into
the real estate business'. Receiving from
the President the appointment to his present
position he came to Vancouver and entered
upon his duties January 1st. 1891. Mr.
Ewing is personally one of the most genial
aud affable of men, and has made a host of
friends in our city. He is a nephew of the
late Gen. Sherman and is a cousin of Secretary of State, Hon. James G. Blaine.
 •JnmoM   Orr,
The subject of this sketch is one of our
oldest and thoroughly representative citizens. James Orr was born in Lancashire,
England, in 1832, and when about six years
of age was brought to America, receiving
his education in the United States and
Eastern Canada, where he lived until coming to British Columbia in 1858. Upon his
arrival he went to the mines, and for the
subsequent eighteen or twenty years followed the vocation of a miner with varying
degrees of success. In the spring of 1862 he
became a member of the first mining board
of British Columbia and in that year was
elected to represent the constituency of the
Crown colony from Cariboo district in the
Legislative Council of British Columbia,
and introduced the first bill that was passed
by that body. In 1865 he made an exploration for the Crown colony Government
of the country to the Rocky Mountains
from the coast, and was the first to report
the practibility of the transcontinental
route by way of the North Thompson and
Fraser valleys. In the fall of the same
year he went to the Big Bend country, and
wintered there; returning he went to Cariboo in the spring of 1867, where he remained until 1871, and then went to Peace
River alone. For one winter he remained at
Tatler lake and the other at the head
waters of Peace River. He returned in 1873
to Victoria and was for several years engaged in the exploration survey of the
Canadian Pacific Railway. Later he removed to New Westminister and resided
there for some time. He was elected a
representative from New Westminister
district in 1883 and served in the Legislature of the Province until 1880. During
his incumbency he was instrumental in obtain g the first charter for the City of Vancouver, and also the charter for the gas and
electric light companies as well. Many important measures were placed in his hands,
which he carried through the Assembly
entailing a great amount of labor. Mr. Orr
came to Vancouver about four years ago,
and as well as owning considerable property,
is intererested in numerous important enterprises. He is still engaged in mining
ventures, and has expended considerable
money in their development. He has the
city's interest at heart and by his pro-
gressiveness has aided materially in assisting its advancement.
Sam  Briguouge.
The subject of this sketch, who is one ot
the city aldermen, was born in Lindley,
Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England, January 13, 1836. His paternal ancestors held
important offices within the gift of the
crown and people. He left home on the
famous Great Eastern, for New York, and
from there started by steamer by way of
Panama for San Francisco, and thence to
British Columbia, arriving in New Westminster the latter part of June, 1862 After
a short time spent in Cariboo he purchased
550 acres of land with his cousin, in conjunction with Mr. Willian Hailstone, on the
shores of Burrard Inlet where the City of
Vancouver now stands, and theirs was the
first house erected on the Inlet. He subsequently purchased other property on the
Fraser river and elsewhere. He followed
farming and stock raising principally with
success until 1SS1. Mr. Brighouse has
done considerable toward the development
of the city. He was one of the active
workers in obtaining the first charter. In
1887 he was elected by acclamation to
represent Ward One in the city council, and
was again, elected at the last election. He
was a heavy losser by the fire of 1886 ; but
his energy and perseverance soon placed him
again on a solid foundation. He is one of
our most substantial and progressive citizens, and is prominent in every movement
of the city's advancement.
35. .11 sick sty Frapp.
The subject of this sketch, one of our
leading architects, would, from his experience and ability, take a front place in his
profession anywhere. Mr. R. Mackay
Fripp was born in Gloucestershire, Eng, in
1857. At an early age he was articled to
J. Si! Dodd, an architect in Reading, Berkshire, for three years, at the expiration of
which time he commenced study at the
Kensington Art School and British Museum. He subsequently weut into various
offices, aud finally with Sir Horace Jones,
late architect tor the City of London Corporation, and who was also president of the
Royal Institute of Architects. Whilst
with him Mr. Fripp was engaged on numerous public works for the City of London,
both in course of erection or projected,
amounting to several millions of dollars,
among which may be mentioned, the Central Meat Market, Fruit and Vegetable
Market, New Leadenhall Market,
the new Fish Market and others. In 1880
he left his position and started for Australia,
where he was engaged in various offices at
Adelaide, Melbourne, and Sydney, gaining
a colonial experience. In 1881 he moved
to New Zealand ,and was on the Royal
West Commission there for about a year,
when he left for Auckland, New Zealand,
entering the office of Alfred Smith, F.R.I.,
B.A., who built the Army and Navy Club
in London, where he stood as one of the leading architects. He was temporarily living in*
New Zealand, for his health. Mr. Fripp
was with him when he won the big competition for the New Zealand Insurance Go's,
building which cost about $300,000. A
short time afterwards he left for England
when Mr. Fripp succeeded to his practice,
doing in one year as high as $500,000 worth
of work, and carried the business on until'
1888, at which time the financial crisis occurred causing all building operations to
cease. Mr. Fripp then left for the Pacific
coast, and after visiting the different cities
concluded to locate in Vancouver, upon his
arrival here in April, 1888. He shortly
afterwards opened an office and has since
been in the enjoyment of a large practice.
He has built the Ferguson block, Page
block, Abbott block,- Chamberlain blocK,
Thomson block, Dougall block, Boulder
hotel and numerous other buildings in addition to a great many residences. His
thorough training in London and subsequent
successful career in the antipodes may best
prove his ability for undertaking the most
extensive kind of work. He sees a bright
future for Vancouver,' and predicts the time
at no distant day when our city will be
adorned with massive \ halt million dollar
buildings. He is enterprising and liberal
and assists in every movement for the city's
good. He has just been proposed by three
well known Fellows as a Fellow of the
Royal Institute of British Architects.
X. S, BHoiTar.,
One of the leading architects of British
Columbia is the subject of this sketch.
N. S. Hoffar was born in Washington,
D. C, Dec. 12, 1842, where he attended
school, and graduated from Georgetown
College at the age of 18, taking the degree
of B. A. He subsequently taught in the
same academy for two years, when he took
the degree of A. M. He then left for
California, and soon after his arrival obtained a position as teacher in the Jesuit
College, of' San Francisco, where he remained for about one year, devoting his
leisure time to' the study of civil engineering and architecture. Then, to gain a
thorough practical knowledge of building, he
served an apprenticeship of three years in
the contracting business. He was awarded
a government contract; for surveying in
the southern part of Utah, living in
that territory for two years, and was there
at the time of the excution of John D. Lee,
the Mormon who was shot for the perpetration of brutal atrocities. He left there for
Oregon, in 1878, and was that year married at
Baker City to Miss Annie Odom. A year later he emigrated to the Puget Sound country, locating at Seattle. During the dull
season of 1883 he went to Victoria to reside. His health, however, being poor, he
was forced to leave there five months later
for Nanaimo, where he lived until coming
to Vancouver in 1886. Upon his arrival
here the city was in an embryo state and,
as there was nothing doing in his profession
of architecture, he engaged extensively in contracting. Building was,
however, soon to commence, and he had
the honor of erecting the first brick structure in the city, since which he has put up
twenty-six brick blocks and a great many
residences. Most of the principal business
buildings were constructed by him, and
their solidity, appearance and thorough
completeness in detail throughout, attest his
ability as an architect. He has a handsome
residence at the corner of Seymour and
Georgia streets.  .
C O. WicUeoden.
Mr. C. Osborn Wickenden, one of the
leading architects of this city, was born
near Rochester, Kent, England, in 1851.
After receiving his education he was articled
to Mr. E. W. Stephens, of the firm of Peck
& Stephens, architects, London and Maidstone. He served his term of articles and
acted as assistant in London, when he took
the position of chief assistant in a leading
New York office. After the disastrous fire
of 1876, which almost swept out of existence
the City of St. John, N. B., he practiced
there for some time, carrying out among
other works the Acadia College, at Woolt-
ville, N. S. Moving t& Winnipeg in the
spring of 1881 Mr. Wickenden built the
depot .warehouses, and various other stores
for the Hudson's Bay Company, the office
buildings for the Manitoba Mortgage Company, Apartment houses for Land Company,
office building for the Western Canadian Loan Company, all of which had the
most modern appliances in the way of steam
heating, hydraulic elevators, etc. In addition to these he built the Winnipeg Court
House, the Western Judicial District Court
House and Jail, the Neepawa Court House,
as well as the Provincial offices and Registry and Asylum for the Provincial Government of Manitoba,    He continued to carry
 BB^-.' -.
5am. BmaiioiisB.
C.   0.   WlCKEXDBX.
J. H. Ka.msiiki.!..
it. C. Fkroi'sox.
N S. Hoir.iii.
H. R. Morse, Jr.
•■/G^S. McCuxxell.
: I'HqrocKAi'HKn tiY'*Ji p. Hall
II. Mackay Frii
ont their work until the Conservatives went
out or power. He commenced practice in
Vancouver in 1888, and has since done some
of the best work in the city, His plans
were chosen in the competion for the proposed Christ Church, a portion of the basement only being as yet erected. Among
.the numerous buildings he has erected here-
rn'.ay he mentioned the Innes-Townley block,
th« Turner block, Ogle Thomson building
and*tefevre block. In the competition re-
cently%nld for the Canadian Pacific Railway Company's proposed depot here the
plans heNmbmitted were placed first.
Through a wtde. range of experience and
successful work Mr. Wickeuden's ability
as an architect is beyond question of the
highest order. He is recognised as one
of Vancouver's most progressive citizens.
E. Cook.
The subjeetof this sketch has been identified with the building of most all our principal business structures, and is the leading
contractor of Vancouver. Mr. E. Cook was
born in Perth Co . Ontario, in 1854, where
he lived, with the exception of three years
spent at intervals iu New York State, until
about the age of twenty. He then went to
Manitoba, where he was engaged for the
six subsequent years in following his business as a contractor. Learning of the advantages of British Columbia, he left for this
Province, arriving in 1SS4and iu the spring
of 1886 came to the embryo city of Vancouver. He foresaw the future of the city
and concluded to make it his permanent
home. Ho obtained some of the first contracts let and his thorough knowledge of
the business soon became recognized, gaining for him some of the best work iu the
city. Combined with a thorough knowledge of construction he possesses sterling
integrity aud business acumen, attributes
which have aided materially'in giving him
his present leading position. Evidence of the
first-class character of his work is best
illustrated in the buildings he has erected
among which may be mentioned theLefevro
block, Wilson block, Delbruck block, Page
building, Abbott block, Dougall house,
Whetham blue ', Robertson block and about
thirty more of the piincipa! buildings in the
city. He is now engaged iu the construction of the Robinson & Town hotel foundation. He is also building the Bank of British Columbia's new and elegant bank building. Mr. Cook assists iu every tiling for the
city's advancement, aud is one of our most
progressive citizens.
G. S. McConnell.
Mr. McConnell was born in Argenteuil
County, Quebec, in 1856, where he attended
school. When fifteen years of age he entered the employ of Green, Sons & Co., of
Montreal, wholesale dealers in men's furnishings. He remained with this firm for
seven years, when he received the appoint*
merit as Indian agent in charge of the Touchwood Hilt district, Manitoba, in which service he remained for about six years. At
"he breaking ont of the rebellion in the
Northwest, in 1885, he was appointed one
of the transport officers on Gen. Middle ton's
staff'. He returned to Woodstock after the
rebellion had been quelled, and was married
to the eldest daughter of Win. Muir, of that
town. Mr. McConnell came to Vancouver
in 1886, shortly after the tire, and has since
been actively identified with the city's in
terests. He built about thirty nouses, including a couple of brick blocks, and has
been interested in various enterprises. He
served for two years in the City Council.
He started his present business, as a wholesale importer of gents' furnishings, hats,
caps, etc., about three months ago, and has
already a very large trade. He owns and
built the building he occupies, which is a
three story brick, fronting on Cordova and
Water streets.
D H. Wilson. VS. B>.
The subject of this sketch as well as having an excellent reputation as a learned
physician has figured conspicuously in an
honored public life and is well known
throughout different parts of the Dominion.
Dr. David Henry Wilson was born in
Huntley, not far from Ottawa, Oct. 2,1855.
His early education was received in the
public school of his native place. At the
age or 16 he entered Pakenbam High
School. When 18 years of age he was
matriculated into Trinity and Toronto
Universities and in 1878 graduated, taking
the fellowship degree of Trinity Medical
College and was medallist of that year. He
then practised his profession for a short
time near Ottawa until the rush to Manitoba
in 1879, when he went to that province and
located at Nelson, subsequently acquiring a
large and lucrative practice in Southern
Manitoba. He was the first qualified
physician south of the Assinboine aud west
of the Red River. He was appointed coroner
for the province and was the first treasurer
of the Dnfferin Agricultural Association.
On the resignation of the sitting member
for North Dufferin he was first returned to
the Legislature in August, 1881, aud was
re elected at the general election of 1883.
Iu 1882 he got the Conservative nomination
for Selkirk in the Commons but declined.
He was sworn in a member of the Executive Council and appointed Provincial
Secretary April 30, 1884, and on this occasion was elected by acclamation. In
September, 1886, he was appointed Minister of Public Works, and was again reelected by acclamation for the same constituency at the general election of 1886,
which office he continued to fill until the
change of government in 1888, when he
resigned. Shortly afterwards he removed
to St. Paul, where he resided for a brief
time. In May, 1889, he came to Vancouver,
where he has since practiced. Dr. Wilson
is a member of the College of Physicans and
Surgeons of Ontirio and Manitoba, and is a
valuable acquisition to the profession of
our city. He was married January 6, 1887,
to Annie, the only daughter of Robert
Armstrong, of Kinburn, Ont. They have
one child.
JT. 31. McLaren, I,.».K.
The leading dentist of Vancouver is Dr.
J. M. McLaren, who was born in Halton
County, Ontario, in 1862. When he was
about four years of age his parents removed
to Strathroy, and when 15 years old removed with them to London, Ont., where
his father permanently settled in the practice of dentistry. Soon afterwards young
McLareu traveled in the interest of a dental
supply house for three years, when he resigned his position to enter his father's office in the study of dentistry. He subsequently entered the Royal College of
Dental Surgeons, at Toronto, from which in
stitution he graduated in March, 1884. Returning then to London be entered into
partnership with his father, and a year
later sold out his interest, going to Aylmer,
Ont., where he practiced for three years.
His health failing him he was forced to sell
his practice there, and removed to Toronto,
where he resided for about eight months.
Hearing of the wonderful progress of Vancouver, and its climatic advantages, he decided upon a trip to this couutry. After a
visit to Victoria and New Westminster, in
April, 1889, he settled in Vancouver, and
commenced the practice of his profession.
His business has grown until he now has
a practice second to none in British RJum -
bia. He was largely interested in the organization of the British Columbia Dental
Association of which he is a prominent
member, . and aids in every movement for
the city's advancement.
C. Gardiner .JoIiiimoib.
One of the popular young men of Vancouver is Mr C. Gardiner Johnson, who
came to this .city in October, 1884, when it
was known then as the village of Granville,
and has been here ever since. Mr. Johnson
is a native of Scotland, having been born in
Dunblane, Perthshire, on the 8th of February, 1857 ; is the son of Robert Johnson, who was prominent at that time in
India Civil Service work. Mr. Johnson
went to school at Leamington, Warrick-
shire, England, and later at St. Andrews,
in Fifeshire, Scotland. Having early
evinced a liking for the sea, as soon as leaving school he became an apprentice on
board the Lake Leaman, and from that
time until November, 1880, followed that
calling, the last five years in the service of
the Australian Steam Navigation Co., whose
steamers plied on the Australian coast.
Whilst at home, in Scotland, where he
went to join a new ship being built there,
everybody was talking of Manitoba and its
advantages. This decided Mr. Johnson
and he concluded to quit seafaring life to
try his chances in the far west. Accordingly he at once started for Canada, and upon
his arrival in Manitoba engaged in farmiug
lie soon, however, found this calling not to
his liking, and upon going to Portage la
Prairie received the appointment as deputy
sheriff of the Central Judicial District of
Manitoba. While there he was married to
Miss Minnie Boultbee. When a change of
government took place he left his position
and came to the coast, locating here. He
first did a general commission agency business and was afterwards appointed the
first deputy registrar of the County Court
in Vancouver, which position he subsequently resigned to go into business for himself.
Mr. Johnson is agent of the C. P. N. Co.;
secretary of the Pilot board; C. P. R. customs broker; notary public, and is agent
for a number of important articles. He is
thoroughly identified with Vancouver, entering heart and soul into everything that
tends to the city's good, and has a host of
friends which his many good qualities have
made for him.
A. 11.  15.  MiacgOTCitii.
the efficient Secretary of the Vancouver Board
of Trade, is a native of Prince Edwards
Island; was born April 14th, 1850. He received his education in his native city.
After leaving school, was Clerk of the Commissioner's Court, and later chief clerk of
Queen's County Court of Prince Edwards
Island. He was also secretary of the Char-
lottetown Board of Trade, and was for
sometime engaged in mercantile pursuits.
In February, 1888, be left there and came
to British Columbia, arriving in Vancouver
March 15th of that year. He at once established a commission agency here, representing, among others, the Converse Cordage Co., since known as the Consumers'
Cordage Co., which he still represents. On
April 3rd, 1888, two  weeks after locating
here, he was appointed Secretary of the
Board of Trade. His indefatigable efforts
in Vancouver's interests have brought our
fair city into considerable prominence. He
was elected a member of the School Board
in August, 1889, and still holds that position. He is Secretary of the Vancouver
Fisheries Co. and Burrard Inlet Sealing
and Trading Co. In 1874 he was married
to Miss Frances M. Hayden, and five sons
have blessed their union.
J. ]>. Hall.
The photographs of the representative
men of Vancouver, which appear in the
illustrated number, were the artistic work
of Mr. J. D. Hall, who is the most skilled
artist in this city. He is a native of Londonderry, Ireland, but came to Ontario,
when but fifteen years of age, in 1870, and
has resided in the Dominion ever since. He
was for over eleven years in the employ of
Wm. Notman, of Ottawa, whose fame as a
photographer is known the world over.
It was during his long engagement with
Mr. Notman that Mr. Hall obtained the
thorough knowledge of his art, which stamps
him to-day as one of the most skillful photographers in the Province. In 1887 he came
to Vancouver and established the Vancouver Photo Co., whioh is the leading gallery
in the city, and has the patronage of the
elite ot not only Vancouver but other cities
and towns throughout the Province. Besides his skill as an artist, MrT Hall is an
enthusiastic admirer of athletics and sports
of all kinds, and since the organization of
the Vancouver Lacrosse Club, has been one
of its most enthusiastic supporters. He is
one of the committee of management.
Vaneoavep • World
As  an  advertising  medium  it  is   unrivalled,   as   none  of  its   competitors   so   thoroughly  covers  the  entire field in
British  Columbia.
The Baily World
Receives the regular Associated Press despatches as* well  as  exclusive specials from all parts of the globe, thus enabling it to place before its readers, many hours in advance of its contemporaries, the most important events
of  that day.     In addition to its telegraphic service the local news of  the City of Vancouver, and
its  environments,   as  well  as  transpiring  events   throughout  the  Province,   are  carefully
collected   and   published   each   day   of  publication.     In   this   respect   nothing  of
moment is allowed to pass.
The « fDonaffch * of » all« the \ CUeeklies.
:    Y^G°avER Weekly World :
Is universally admitted to be the premier weekly  of the  Dominion of  Canada—the monarch of all the weeklies.    It
enjoys a circulation fully double that of any other weekly published in British Columbia.    Parties living
at a distance desiring information  relating  to  " Canada's  Province of the setting sun by
the Pacific" cannot do better than subscribe- for the WEEKLY WORLD.
-^a* T:e:r,:m:s cxf STjBsciRirFTioasr
One year $10 00
Six months     5 00
Three months       2 50
Delivered in city by the week  25
One year $2 00
Six months    1 00
Three months       50
Postage prepaid by the Publishers at these prices,  to any part of Canada,  the United Kingdom of Great Britain,
or the United States.
MeLAGAN | Ce.,
The World Office,
Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
Vancouver, B. G.
In the year 1886, 600.
"     1887, 2,000.
I     1888, 6,000.
"     1889, 12,000.
"     1890, 15,000.
Estimated end of 1891, 20,000.
Per front foot, 18B6, $  50.
1887, 70.
1888, 150.
1889, 250.
"            "          1890,     300.
Estimated end of 1891,     500.
Fop Plans and ppices apply to**5^
Liand Agents.
rssssxS!<& OFFICES. <s>«S5<s«s>t-s
Vancouver, B. C.
100 to 104 Cordova Street,    -
Anderson Block, Granville Street,
Columbia Street,        ...
And 107 Gannon Street,
New Westminster, B. C.
London, Bng.
Jtsi«ZL. IL>T JLJ   Jb3_t^iOr3_
Vancouver Improvement Company, Limited.
Vancouver City Land Company, Limited; Capital, $140,000.
Vancouver Land and Securities Corporation, Limited; Capital, $3,500,000.
Yorkshire Guarantee and Securities Corporation, Limited, of England; Capital, $£,500,000.
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