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Twenty-fifth annual report of the Victoria British Columbia Board of Trade : together with various appendices,… Victoria (B.C.). Board of Trade 1904

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Board of Trade
Together with Various Appendices, List of Members,
Office Bearers, Commercial Charges, Etc.
OCTOBER,   1904
, British Columbia,
Board of Trade
OFFICERS,   1904
-       -       President
J. L.  Beckwii
VV. T. Ollver,
W. H. Bone,
S. Jones,
T. W. Paterson,
\V. F. Bullen
D. R. Ker,
S. J. Pitts,
Jas. Forman,
S. Leiser,
L. G. McQuade,
C. F. Todd.
E. V. Bodwel
L,                           JOHN   G.   COX,
Richard Hall,
H. F. Bullen
R. S. Dav,
J. H. Lawson,
G. H.  Burns,
R. L. Drury,
J. A. Mara,
Geo. Carter,
C. Spencer.
Geo. Carter
H. B. Thomson,              H. G
F. A. Pauline,
Frederick Mc
)0ke (Chairman),            H. J. Bra
W. J. Pendray,
J. A. Sayward,                   C. J.
J.  S. Gibb (Chairman), A. J.  C. Gali
R. MACHIN (Chairman), T.  Lubb
Lindley Crease ^Chairman), W. L. Cha
John Nelson, A. G
.  Mo:
- (Cha
A. G. McCandless, F. W. Vincent.
, W. Troup (Chairman), Chas. E. Clarke, Wm. Gr;
E. B. Marvin, R. Seabrook.
(Chairman), \V. J.  Hanna, C. A. He
. M. Johnson, C. E. Redfern.
a (Chai
Geo. Gill
-*■ /;->-
:. G. I
rior,              Tho
Norman Hard Officers of the Chamber of Commerce of Victoria, Vancouver Island
FROM  1863 TO DATE 0
■  1863
R. Burnahy	
Jules David    A. F. Main.
C. W. Wallace	
Jules David :   A. F. Main.
Jules David	
James Lowe..'    A. F'. Main.
1866 '
James Lowe	
Henry Rhodes   A". F. Main.
Henry Rhodes	
Gustav Sutro    Robert Plummer.      i
Henry Rhodes	
Gustav Sutro	
Robert Plummer.
Henry Rhodes	
Gustav Sutro	
Robert Plummer.
1     1870
Henry Rhodes	
Gustav Sutro	
Robert Plummer.
Henry Rhodes	
Gustav Sutro	
Robert Plummer.
Henry Rhodes	
E. Grancini	
Robert Plummer.
Henry Rhodes	
T. L. Stahlschmidt..
Robert Plummer.
Henry Rhodes	
T. L. Stahlschmidt..
Robert Plummer.
Henry Rhodes...
T. L. Stahlschmidt..
Robert Plummer.   •
Henry Rhodes	
T. L. Stahlschmidt..
Robert Plummer.
Henry Rhodes	
T. L. Stahlschmidt..
Robert Plummer.
Henry Rhodes	
T. L. Stahlschmidt..
Robert Plummer.
Officers of the Victoria
British Columbia, Board of Trade
Oct. 28th 1
July 3, '80 /
R. P. Rithet, J. P..
William Charles...
E. Crow Baker.
R. P. Rithet, J. P..
William Charles....  E. Crow Baker.
R. P. Rithet, J. P..
William Charles....  E. Crow Baker.
Ii. P. Rithet, J. P..
Roderick Finlayson.    E. Crow Baker.
R. P. Rithet, J. P..
Roderick Finlayson..  E. Crow Baker.
R. P. Rithet, J. P..
Mat. T. Johnston....  E. Crow Baker.
Jacob H.Todd, J.P.
Edgar Crow Baker...   Wm. Monteith.
Jacob H.Todd, J.P.
Thos. Earle    Wm. Monteith.
Robert Ward, J. P.
T. R. Smith    Wm. Monteith.
-  1888-9...
Robert Ward, J. P.
Thos. Earle    F. Elworthy.
Robert Ward, J. P.
Thomas B. Hall   F. Elworthy.
Robert Ward, J. P.
Thomas B.Hall   F. Elworthy.
1891-2...  Thomas B. Hall....
A. C. Flumerfelt ...
F. Elworthy.
1892-3... Thomas B. Hall..   .
A. C. Flumerfelt ...
F. Elworthy.
1893-4...  A. C. Flumerfelt...
C. E. Renouf	
F. Elworthy.
1894-5._ .  A. C. Flumerfelt...
C. E. Renouf	
F. Elworthv.
'     1895-6...
D. R. Ker	
Gus Leiser	
F. Elworthv.
D. R. Ker	
G. Leiser, G. A. Kirk
F. Elworthy.
G. A. Kirk	
W. A. Ward	
F. Elworthv.
G. A. Kirk	
W. A. Ward	
F. Elworthy.
W. A. Ward	
L.. G. McQuade	
F. Elworthy.   "
W. A. Ward	
L. G. McQuade	
F. Elworthy.
L. G. McQuade....
F. Elworthv.
L. G. McQuade....
F. Elworthy.
C. F. Todd	
S. J. Pitts	
F. Elworthy. 1
Abbott, H. H.
Ambe'ry, J. W.
Adams, F. W.
Anderson", W. j/
Allen, A. E.
Andrews, W. T.
Bagshawe, E. C. B.
Bogle, D. B.
Bone, W. H.
Bancroft, A.
Boolh, G.
Banfield, C. F.
Boscowitz, D. A.
Barnard, G. H.
Bostock, J. J.
Barnard, F. S.
Brady, H. J.
Barnhart, D. T.
Brayshaw, T. M.
Barnsley, John
Brenchley, A.
Bassett, W. P.
Bridgman, A. W.
Baxter, C. S.
Bryce, James
Beckwith, J. L.
Bucknam, S. W.
Beeton, H. C.
Bullen, H. F.
Bell, H. P.
Bullen, W. F., J.P.
Billinghtirst, E. E.
Burns, Gavin, H.
Bodwell, Ernest V.
Burns, K. J.
Boggs, Beaumont
Cameron, W. G.
Clarke, Chas. E.
Campbell, Angus
Clement, F. E.
Campbell, D. E.
Clyde, A. J.
Campbell, G. A.
Cochrane, John
Carne, F.
Coigdarripe, J.
Carruthers, W. J.
Colbert, J.
Carter, Geo.
Coldwell, Geo.
' Cassidy, Robert
Cookson, C. M.
Challoner, W. L.
Coombs, A.
Chapman, Howard
Cooper, Thomas
Champion, Wm.
Courtney, Geo. L.
Christie, G. D.
Cox, Capt. J. G.
Christie, William
Crease, Lindley
Church, J. E.
Croft, Henry, J.P.
Clarke, H.
Cusack, Thos. R.
,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.                  7
Davidge, F. C.
Davies, R. C.
Day, Robert S.
Drury, R. L.
Duff, L. P.
Douglas, Jas. A.
Dunsmuir, R. W.          ^
Earle, Thos., M.P.
Eberts, D. M.
Elworthy, F.
Erskine, R.
Ewen, Alexander
Fairall, Wm.
Finch, P.
Forman, Jas.       ,
Forrester, J. L.
Fletcher, Jas.
Flint, A. St. G.
Fraser, A. B., Sr.
Flumerfelt, A. C, J.P.
Gallelly, A. J. C.
Garesche, A. J.
Geiger, E. F.
Gibb, J. S.
Gibson, J. S.
Hafer, L.
Hall, Lewis
Hall, L. W.
Hall, Richard
Hall, W. B.
Hardaker, W. T.
Hardie, Norman
StaoC"')°E  H
Heald, S.
Hartnagle, G. A.
Hayward, Charles
Heisterman, B. S.
Innes, A. S. illlfp!
Jamieson, Robert
Johns, S.
Jamieson, W. A.
Johnson, E. M.
Jardine, John
Jones, Stephen
Jewell, M- L.
Kent, H.
Kirk, C. W.
Ker, D. R.
Kirk, G. A.
King, Chas. R.
Knight, A. W.
Kingham, Joshua
Laird, William
Lenz, M.
Landsberg, F.
Lettice, S. H.
Langley, G. F.
Lindley, Wm.
Lawson, J. H., Jr.
Lindsay, Jas. A.
Lawson, W. A.
Loewenberg, C.
Leason, E. E.
Lubbe, T.
Leiser, Max
Lugrin, C. H.
Leiser, Simon
Luxton, A. P.
Lemon, J. J.
MacEachern, E. A.
McNiven, Jas. D.
Machin, Rowland
.McQuade, L. G.
Mara, J. A.
Mess, Bernard C.
Marcon, W. H.
Meston, John
Martin, A. F. R.
Milne, G. L.
Mitchell, A. H.
Marvin, E. B.
Mitchell, James
Matson, J. S. H.
Monteith, A. T.
Maynard, A. H.
McAlister ^ohri
Moresby, Wm.
Morley, A. J.
Moss, H.
McCandless, George
1 McCroskie, Capt. E.
McGregor, A. G.
McGregor, P. C.
Painter, J. E.
Paterson, James
Pennock, W. H.
Peters, Fred.
Paterson, T. W.
Piercy, J.
Pauline, F. A.
Payne, Robert Horn.
Pearson, Ed., J.P.
Pither, Luke
Pitts, S. J.
Plimley, Thos.
Peirson, Jos.
Pooley, C. E., K.C.
Pemberton, F. B.
Prentice, J. D.
Pendray, J. C.
Price, W. H.
Pendray, Wm. J.
Prior, Lt.-Col. E. G.
Radiger, E. F.
Riley, Geo., M.P.
Rebbeck, J. K.
Rithet, R. P.
Redfern, Chas. E.
Robertson, Arthur
Rhodes, C. W.
Robertson, A.  Stuart
Richards, John
Robertson, H. B.
Rickaby, J. B. H.
Ross, Harrie G.
Riddell, R. W.
Sampson, W. Curtis
Shotbolt, Thomas, J.P.
Sargison, A. G.
Simon, James
Sayward, J. A.
Smith, G. W.
Schilling, C. F.
Smith, H.
Scott, II. J.
Smith, Phil. R.
Sea, S., Jr.
Smith, Thos.  R.
Seabrook, B. R.
Sparks, A. A.
Seabrook, R.
Speed, John
Sears, Jos.
Spencer, C.
Shallcross, J. J.
Spencer, T. A.
Sheasgreen, J.
Spratt, C. J. V.
,.   . Sheret, A.
Stemler, Louis
Shore, Sidney
Taylor, Alf.
Thomson, Jas.
Taylor, G. A.
Todd, A. E.
Teague, John
Todd, C. F.
Temple, Ernest
Troup, Jas. W.
Templeman, Hon. \
Turner, J. 11.
, Thomas
Wall, I
;, W. O.
E. E.
J. S.
on, C. H
Williams, Rober
Williams, W. T.
Wilson, B.
Wilson, H. G.
Wilson, T. E.
Wilson, William
Wilson, W. R.
Windle, H. W.
Woods, A. E.
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade
July 1st, 1903, to June 30th, 1904
To the President and Members of the Victoria, British Columbia,
Board of Trade, Victoria, B. C. :
Gentlemen,—Your officers beg to submit the following
report of the proceeding's of the Board during the twelve
months ending 30th June, 1904 :
Fish Traps. The efforts of previous years to obtain licenses
to operate purse seines and fish traps on the coast
tributary to Victoria city were continued and resulted, in March
last, in the Dominion Government granting your request. Unfortunately it was then too late to take full advantage this
season of the changed conditions, but a start has been made
and most sanguine expectations prevail regarding the benefits
to be derived. This Board recognizes the valuable assistance,
in this connection, rendered by the Honourable Wm. Templeman, Geo. Riley, Esq., M. P., Thos Earle, Esq., M. P., for Victoria, and Ralph Smith, Esq., M. P. for Alberni.
Marine Attention   being  directed  to the condition of
Hospital      th- Marine hospital a Special   Committee was appointed   to report and   a copy of their   finding   is
appended hereto.    The Dominion Government, with commendable promptness, carried out extensive improvements along the
lines desired. BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
Puget Sound       The stea
e with Puget   Sound   has
for years past engaged the Board's serious
tion, and in January last the Board approached
in Pacific Railway Company with proposals to
oute. That company immediately complied, and it
to announce that the service is now highly satis-
e travelling public, and it is believed the Company
ler bv
the (
the Canadi
operate the
is gratifying
factory to tl
also is a gai
Assessment At the  last session of the  local  legislature a
Act_ Bill   was" introduced   which   included   some   very
~~~ material   changes in the assessments for revenue.
The Bill came as a surprise and appeared to be an ill-considered
measure. The representations of this Board resulted in a few
changes being made before the Act was passed, and an assurance was given that a Commission would be appointed to
enquire into the system of provincial taxation. Further modifications may therefore be expected. The views of this Board
were expressed in the following resolution :
"That this Board considers that the provisions adopted or
confirmed in the present Assessment Act will tend to hamper
trade ; This Board considers that the endeavour should be not
to tax more than a firm's net worth and net profit or gains ;
That the present Assessment Act goes beyond this in .not permitting the deduction of liabilities from the gross value of the
stocks of merchandise, debts, etc., and in other respects.
" That this Board would urge upon the Government to
appoint a Commission—not of an official or political character—
to report upon the   present Assessment  Act s
recommendations as may seem advisable.
id  to make such
Bills of S
In consequence o
Act applicable to the
the abse
i of a Bar
lion, it
hole   Dom
volved upon the individual provinces to enact laws to meet to
some extent the exigencies of the situation. This Board has
taken every opportunity to urge Dominion Government legislation ; at the same time the local Government has been moved,
and the Board was successful during the session of 1902 in
securing the passage of the "Act to prevent priority among
Execution   Creditors."    That  Act   has   proved   beneficial,  but something further was required in regard to Chattel Mortgages
and Bills of Sale. A Committee was therefore appointed, who
submitted the recommendations appended hereto, which were
subsequently approved by the Board. At the suggestion ofthe
Honourable the Attorney-General the. report was put in the form
of a Bill but read only a first time just before the House prorogued. The Honourable the Attorney-General has given his
assurance, however, that during the recess the whole question
of Bills of Sale and kindred instruments shall receive his best
attention and that legislation shall be introduced at the next
session. In the meantime an Act was passed providing for the
registration of Bills of Sale in County Court cities and towns
within five days of the date thereof, and declaring such sales
void in the event of judgment being entered against the grantor
within sixty days of such registration.
Victoria Improvements to Victoria   harbour  have been
Harbour. proceeding almost continuously during the last
twelve months, according to the plan recommended
by this Board and approved by the Dominion Government. The
principal operations have been in deepening the channel in the
inner harbour near the entrance, but until a modern dredge is
built only slow progress may be looked for. The cost of a new
plant is included in the Dominion Government estimates and its
construction should be commenced at once. A great improvement to the wharf accommodation will be made by the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company, who have awarded a contract for an
extensive and entirely new structure on Belleville Street, commencing at Menzies Street. When completed a considerable
saving of time will be effected in docking that company's
steamers, and the fact that the Canadian Pacific Railway Company acquired the necessary waterfrqnt by purchase from wharf
owners and will remove the existing acccommodation is a sufficient guarantee that the new structure will be modern in every
respect, Worthy of the requirements of the port and its associa-'
tion with the great transcontinental and trans-Pacific carrying
company. Other wharf improvements are contemplated in the
inner harbour which, when completed, will amply provide all
necessary   accommodation   for   the   shipping.      At the   outer Shipment of Crews,
Foreign Vessels.
wharves considerable outlay has beei
Vessels drawing 30 feet are docked al
indebted to Mr. H. P. Bell  for a plan
ade in improvements
w tide. The Board i
increasing the accom
modation for ocean steamships off Dallas Road. The scheme
includes a breakwater between Holland Point and Brotchie
Ledge, and when carried out the shipping facilities at this port
will be equal to the best to be found on the Pacific Coast.
Harbour The Board has considered the suggestion that
Commissioners Harbour Commissioners should be appointed  for
~~ the port of Victoria and unanimously adopted the
report of a Special Committee and forwarded a copy to the
Honourable the Minister of Marine and Fisheries, Ottawa, who
has promised   to give the matter his attention.    A copy of  the
.ppended hereto.
ie difficulties in obtaining crews in
British Columbia for foreign vessels is another matter which this Board has dealt
with. A copy of the Committee's report was forwarded to
Ottawa and the Board's recommendations, as contained therein,
are,receiving serious consideration. Particulars will be found
in the appendices.
Trial Island.        The Board's recommends
fog alarm be established 01
the Committee's report,  as per
e the Minister of Marine and F
e matter due consideration.
tion that a light and
Trial Island will be
copy attached.    The
C. P. R. Hotel. Actual construction of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Tourist Hotel has not yet commenced,
due entirely to a further agreement between that company
and the city, made at the suggestion of His Worship the
Mayor, G. H. Barnard, Esq. The company has undertaken
to acquire by purchase considerable property on the south side
of Humboldt Street, and the Corporation has agreed to transfer
the strip of Victoria City land which separates the Humboldt
Street property from that which was deeded to the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company for hotel purposes.    The hotel loca- tion will be- slightly changed from the original plans and the
environments will be greatly improved by these proposals.
At a special general meeting, held on 24th June, the Board
heartily approved and thanked His Worship for his action in
this connection and promised full support at the polls when
the agreement is voted upon by the ratepayers. The hotel
plans are prepared, the nature of the ground on which the
structure is to stand ascertained by survey, and the foundations will be proceeded with immediately the result of the
voting, on the 7th July, is known. It'will be remembered that
I the hotel proposal originated with the Board in 1901. Members  have watched with  keen  interest its evolution, believing
and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company.
Freight Bates. A Special Committee, appointed by this Board
in April, 1903, has been instrumental in securing
some concessions from the Canadian Pacific Railway" in freight
rates to Calgary. The committee is still working upon other desired improvements. In the appended report of the committee
will be found particulars of the above concessions.
Joint Meetings of the Provineial Another attempt -
Boards of Trade. t0 organize a
itish   Columbia.    Sor
e   proposal,   but   take
was   not   found   in
of a successful  gatt
owed   to   drop.     It  mus
lid   entail   considerable
1 the  subjects  for discu
ivince are not
-.ring the   vari<
'as  made
of repre-
:atives   from all   Boards   of
ie  of  the   boards   promptly
n   collectively sufficient   entile   replies  to warrant   the
ering,   and   the  matter was
ust  be   stated   that   such  a
both   in   time   and
of equal  interest to
Better means of comm
rds   into   closer  touch
joint meetings, thot
be looked for.
All-Canadian Route
the expectations t
\t the time of the Alaska Boundary
ird the Honorable Sir Wilfrid Laurier's
ement iri the House of Commons led to
he long desired all-Canadian railway to 16 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
the Yukon would be advanced in the near future. This Board
promptly appointed a Special Committee who prepared a memorandum, subsequently adopted by the Board and appended
hereto, in which is set out the advantages to be derived from
the selection of a southern terminus on the seaboard of British
Preferential The Board's position in regard   to   preferential
Trade,       trade  with   South   Africa   and   Australia
~""""       found   in copies of correspondence with the   Dominion Government, which it will   be noticed   was  prior to any
arrangements being made for an interchange of commodities on
a preferential basis.
Trade With This Board is on record as a strong  advocate
Mexico. °f a direct line of steamships between British
^~~™" Columbia and Mexico. Early in the year 1897 the
possibilities of making the service mutually advantageous to
both countries were gone into very fully and communicated to
the Dominion Government through the Victoria city representatives in the House of Commons. The arrangements now
made are just what this Board recommended some years ago.
Songhees A matter of great  importance   to the city of
Indian Reserve. Victoria is the removal of the Songhees Indians
~"" and the bringing of their Reserve, under control
of the Corporation. At intervals extending over many years,
resolutions have been passed and representations to the Provincial Government and Dominion Government made through
the city members in the Provincial Legislature and the House
of Commons. In April last your Council appointed a Com- I
mittee to ascertain just how the matter now stands and to see
what can be done to dispose of it without further delay. The
Corporation of Victoria City has also appointed representatives
who are working with this Board's appointees, the two bodies
acting as a joint Committe. The Committee is not yet in a,
position to take the Board and the citizens into their confidence'
by reporting all that is transpiring, but they expect to be very
soon in a position to report progress. Ceneral. Of the many other matters   considered   by the
Board during the past twelve months the following
may be mentioned and attention directed to the resolutions and
reports hereto appended :
West Coast Steamship Service.
Cabinet Representation.
V. V. & E. and Similkameen Railways.
Defence of the Empire.
Pure Foods Act.
Sealing Industry.
Aids to Navigation, various.
Life-saving Station.
Congress of Chambers of The Board was very ably represented
Commerce of the Empire. at the Fifth Congress of Chambers of
Commerce ofthe Empire, held at Montreal, by Mr. C. H. Lugrin. Unfortunately some resolutions
which had been adopted by this Board for presentation on that
occasion reached Montreal too late to be included in the official
printed proceedings of the Congress, but particulars will be
found in the appendices together with some remarks made by
Mr. C, H. Lugrin. It afforded the Board much pleasure to
assist in the reception of a large party of delegates who came
to this coast at the instance of the Dominion Government after
the Congress closed. The Board's Reception and Entertainment
Committee prepared a suitable programme for Victoria, and
the highly appreciative remarks of the visitors from Great
Britain and many of her colonies and dependencies upon this
city and other points on Vancouver Island, which the forethought and arrangements made by the Provincial Government
enabled the delegates to visit, were very gratifying.
Manufacturers' The Board's Reception and Entertainment
Association. Committee prepared another programme which
    enabled the Canadian Manufacturers' Association
to form an idea of the trade possibilities of Victoria and vicinity.
The excellent   impressions   carried   away   by  that  party will
doubtless result beneficially. BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
Prof. Babcock. Before closing the social and educative work
of the Board reference must be made to a lecture,
with lantern-slide illustrations, delivered by Provincial Government Inspector of Fisheries, Jno. P. Babcock, on "Salmon
Propagation, Results and Methods." The Professor's address
was highly instructive as well as entertaining, and it is hoped
that he will favor the Board with the results of his investigation
into other branches of fish life.
Victoria   City.      The trade and commerce of the city of Victoria
has been maintained, and it is safe to say, speak-
ig generally, that there is not another city on the Pacific Coast
here business is in a healthier condition.   Nowhere is business
iducted on a more sound  basis.    The  following sums were
tributed to the Dominion Government :
Custom House $1,107,614 79
Inland Revenue        181,104 03
Post Office (approximate)  55,000 00
Trade and Commerce.
Imports $3,006,919 00
Exports    1,101,27600
Coast trade .
The difficulty i
ter-Provincial bu;
[,977 vessels    2,011
1,159      I 1,158
iling  returns to sht
much regretted.
The assessed value of Victoria City property is :
Taxed $10,675,460    $7,206,520
Exemptions (add.)..     1,270,665      2,110,750
The   proportion of factory hands and artisans is large in
Victoria with population, say 27,500, and a stranger is apt to Farming Scene Near Victoria.  .   REPORT.
. overlook the local industries. The foundries, ship-yards,
lumber-mills and factories, too numerous to here mention
specifically, furnish steady employment, at good wages—the
importance of which is under rated. A large increase in such
establishments may be looked for as the local conditions become better known. The competitive transportation facilities
and cheap fuel will do much to make the City of Victoria an '
industrial centre of the first rank. A step in this direction,
and one that may be expected in the very near future, is the
development of the fisheries. The canning of salmon, now
made possible by the Dominion Govs
the necessary licenses to operate purse
doubtless be followed by the establisl
other branches of the fisheries.    For these <
nt having issued
es and traps, will
t of industries in
and other reasons
it is of the utmost importance that the city should get control
of the Songhees Indian Reserve, as the Corporation will then
have valuable waterfront as well as sites suitable for all industrial purposes. The attention of the incoming Council is specially directed to this matter.
The vicinity of Victoria is very suitable for fruit growing
and poultry raising. The climate and land conditions are
excellent. Good prices for such products are obtained locally,
. and the Northwest Territories afford an outlet for all the fruits
that are likely to be grown for many years to come. The
Yukon is now supplied with eggs and poultry which originate
principally in Eastern Canada. Mutual advantages would be
derived if such were raised here.
The difficulty experienced early in the year in getting
houses to rent has been mostly overcome by the erection of
many new residences, and an assuring feature of Victoria is
the fact that these new dwellings are nearly all to be occupied
by the owners, who have hitherto lived in rented premises.
Important Corporation works are completed or in progress, notably the bridge at Point Ellice, just opened for traffic,
and removal of the bridge at James Bay and substitution of
a causeway. Wood block paving is proceeding rapidly in
the business thoroughfares, and the numerous applications of 20 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
citizens to have cement sidewalks put down in front of their
residences is very encouraging, and indicates a determination
to assist nature in making the City of Victoria the most desirable residential and tourist resort in the Great West. In all
such cases the applicants pay two-thirds of the cost of the.
. pavement, the Corporation paying one-third. Other Corporation works are the Carnegie Library and extension of the
sewerage system in the suburbs. That recent real estate
transfers have far exceeded those of some years previous is
but a natural sequence to the prosperity here indicated.
In   addition  to the v
usual statistical informatic
nany appendice:
presented herew
:ntioned  the
The Board is to be congratulated upon its largely increased membership and the active interest which the 307
members are taking in public affairs.
All of which is respectfully submitted this 8th day of
July, 1904.
C.  F.  TODD,  President.
S. J.  PITTS,   Vice-President.
Addresses in Reply to Foregoing Beport.
The President then invited Sir Henri Joly to address the
who c
ived v
hoped the President's wish for a large increase in the membership of tl
would be realized. " I did not come here to make a speech," said His
"but as a listener. I have lost the habit of speaking, but I see one,by
who will no doubt make up the deficiency. But I would be ungratefu
not express my appreciation of the very kind way in which you have
me. But this is an example of the kind way in which I have alwa
received in Victoria. (Hear hear). I have spent four very happy years hei
have learned something of the immense resources of British Columbia, and
most earnest wish that those resources will be developed. I hope that a
of prosperity will come to the province, and to Victoria in pa
Lord Moni
ET-ton was then invited to address the meeting. His Lordship said in part : "I confess that I came here under a misapprehension similar to
that of the Lieut.-Governor, that T was to hear something of the work of the Board
of Trade and not to speak myself. I hoped there was some sort of strangers' gallery from which I could listen to the proceedings unobserved. But I know why I
have been expected to say something ; it is because I used to be associated with
Mr. Chamberlain as his private secretary, and I have been called upon to speak
sometimes as if I could interpret Mr. Chamberlain's opinions and hopes. But
that is hardly the case. I do not know what would happen if private secretaries
went around speaking for their chiefs. I think statesmen would perhaps invent
some law for private secretaries on similar lines to the Suttee law of India, by
which, you know, widows were burned on the death of their husbands, so tha
when cabinet ministers go out of office their private secretaries should be rendered
harmless. Just at present I am a globe-trotter. Perhaps you might expect me to
lay down the law on the subject of preferential tariffs and how they would affect
Canada. But as I have only been here forty-eight hours I think I might better
leave the expression of opinion on that subject to you gentlemen, who are
acquainted with the conditions of this country. In regard to the preferential campaign in the United Kingdom, I have also no better information than you probably
have received, for I left there six months ago, before the opening of Parliament.
But I have come from Australia, where, as a globe-trotter I have been spending VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
that there is a distinct desire there to find some means of drawing closer
the different portions of the Empire, and that there is scope for the conch
sion of a
commercial treaty between the Mother Country and the colonies which m
ight be a
Canada and that some arrangement will be made resulting in benefits
Canada and the United Kingdom.    (Hear, hear).    There is an immens
United Kingdom, and you are much quicker on this side of the Atlantic
than we
are to introduce new ideas, but possibly when we do make changes the
' are not
made with less security."    (Applause).
Capt. the Hon. R. G. Tatlow was the next speaker.    He said tf
at he re-
gretted very much that the Premier was unable to be present to congratulate I
he mem-
bers of the Board on their large attendance and the interest thus demons
rated in
their work.    He had not had an opportunity to read the annual reportcare
fully, but
a copy  had been placed in his hands, and he noted some of the conte
its.-  He
regretted Mr. McBride's absence, particularly because Mr.  McBride co
ild have
dealt more fully with some  of the matters mentioned in the report.'    II
: noticed
that some of the local legislation had been lightly touched upon.    For ir
stance it
was hinted  that the Assessment Act was, in  some  of its  details, ill-co
He did not think that was the case, and if members of the  Board had k
own the
amount of work involved in that measure and the serious circumstances «
hich the
atTe'hands of th^Board^oV^L^rthey wo!dd agrVe^hirtheTwaTno
of increased taxation which would  meet  with the approval of all class
es of the
people.    It was too  early  to  criticize  the  measure, at present.    Whe
n all the
returns were in, at the end of the fiscal year, the Government would be ir
a better
position to consider whether any changes in  the  Act were advisable or
not.    In
regard to other legislation, the Government hoped  to  bring  before the
louse at
its next session a much more comprehensive measure  than the existing
Bills of
Sale Act.    Good progress had been made in the matter of the Songhees
The Government knew now.the conditions on  which  the  Federal  Go\
would be willing to sanction the purchase of the land wanted by the city.
It was
now necessary to obtain the approval of the Indians to some other  land
for their   .
haXgover t^nZ'ol'th^rveTo TJZy^ (Sr.Tear!) ^He"
it Zuul?h„tgthee«^Ca0dndJeen oLttwotttock^ inThe _3&S
on record.    There was also a temporary depression in the lumber busines.
! bufhe
hoped this would not continue.    It was considered by the Government th
at it had
here by prohibiting^ ex^rt oH^randlTr^uTa la^nu^'oV.
been established in different parts of the province, and the Government
to adhere to that policy.    Horticulture and dairying were in a most  fl<
urishing at present being sent out of the country to buy the products of those indu
would all be spent at home. (Hear, hear.) In regard to this, it was satisfs
to note that the tide of immigration was flowing steadily into the provinc
that settlers of the best class—not drawn from the highways and bywi
Europe, but consisting of experienced men with capital—were taking up lan<
w to e
nt  int
s of fru
, to th
s at Win
, Ch
Address  and Memorandum.
To the Hon. Kaymond Prefontairte, Minister of Marine and Fisheries :
Sir,—The  President and   Members  of  the Victoria,   British   Columbia,
re in welcoming you to the Capital of
We regard your visit as most opportune, because there are many questions
of pressing local importance which we desire to bring under your notice, and
' which are of such a nature that they can hardly be satisfactorily explained by
means of correspondence. We have in the memorandum accompanying this
address presented some of the most important matters to which we wish respectfully to ask your favorable consideration.
We desire to express our very hearty appreciation of your action in per-
I mitting the use of fish traps, purse seines and drag seines for the taking of salmon,
and we are satisfied that the information which you will gather on the ground
will confirm in your mind the wisdom of your decision in that behalf.
We wish to point out to you that in the consideration of all subjects relating
to navigation one fact should be kept prominently forward, namely: the rapid
past, and still more rapid assured future, increase in the commerce of the northwest  coast of America.    We  believe   the  water-borne   traffic of   this  part  of
the reasonable demands of other parts of the Dominion.
We hope you will find your stay with us pleasant as well as profitable, and
with an expression of hearty thanks for the opportunity you have afforded us of
placing our views before you personally, we once more bid yon welcome.
fi  PITTS, President.
ELWORTHY, Secretary. ilof the Vuh
Harbour Commissioners—The viev
forth in the report of  the   Special   Com
'ictoria, B. C, 9th August, 1904.
1'British Columbia,  Board of Trade :
Gentlemen,—In accordance with your instructions, your Committee begs
to report as follows regarding the various subjects which they would recommend
should be more particularly brought to the attention of the Minister of Marine
and Fisheries during his approaching visit. Some of these subjects have been
under the consideration of Special  Committees and their reports are annexed
f the  Boa
annexed, and   in
Board of Harbo
in the efficient  r
r Commissio
egulation of
of your Committe
ners with the powers
all  matters connecte
would  aid
jping  and
Recent inve
life, and in this <
missioners could
stigations have  demonstrated  I hi
horough as it should  be in order
onnection the general supervision
not fail to be of value.
0 gi
of a
e sys
em of inspecti
quate  protecti
d of Harbour
and in conseque
ce the shipp
e the bes
results owing tc
de of the port is
seriously ha
and   prosecuted
recommended in
ittee would
until   the
the report a
urge that
1 plan of in
depth   of
r   ha
should be
been  sect
In view of the greatly
development of steamboat c
Europe, your Committee wi
Marine should  be  called  tc
building a breakwater  to  th
modation  adapted   more   ps
importance to Canada of hav
and Puget Sound cannot easi
the  nee
y be over
size of oce
;st that  th
essity of m
Ledge, as
to  the  ne
t directly or
rf   oc
and  the in
he  Orient
of the  Mi
Fisheries—Your Committee begs
annexed, and  they would  especially call
regarding a separate  Fisheries  Inspector for  Vancouv
establishing of hatcheries, and the protection of the deep
Shipping Seamen—Your Committee would r
facilities should be given for the procuring of crews for
proposed in the special report attached hereto.
refer to the  Special  Report hereto
Lights and Buoys-
ighthouses and buoys; > makes it of paramour
Special reports and co
: that further lighthouses should
. Harbour—The press
ir do not give satisfaction,
l  safe gui(
laced a
o fully
The fog si
5, and  the
It is recommended that a lighthouse and fog signal should be placed on Trial
" Island, and that a lighthouse should be erected near the point called "Nagel's
Folly," north-east of Macaulay Point, the present light an Behren's Island being
maintained only for harbour purposes.
n this subject, together ■
Marine Hospital—Your Comr
of the Board to the Department very
Marine Hospital.
Your Committee would, how,ev
Board  in regard to the system of maintenance and medica
be adopted, and that the furnishing of the hospital should be
West Coast Service—V
of the Board in regard to this
satisfactory service being
open to the Pacific Ocean and requires a steamer that
There is a considerable and growing trade on this Coast
informed that it is not yet sufficient to make a larger stean
Your Comrr
-ovements have  been made at the
hat  the  recommendations  of the
e and medical  attendance should
Committee regrets that the recommendations
vice have not yet resulted in a thoroughly
d.    The West  Coast ofVancouver  Island is
: anyv,
r Comn
Marine Casualties—In the opinion of your Committee it is a serious
omission in the regulations that there is no enquiry held, as a matter of course, in
all cases of shipping casualties in  Canadian waters, with  power to deal with the
Improvement of Victoria Arm—Your Committee begs to attach a
. letter from the James Bay Athletic Association urging that the rocks called the
" Sisters," in Victoria Arm, and the sand bank adjoining, should be removed,
and that the boating on the Arm should be subject to regulations. Your
Committee would recommend that these requests should be endorsed by the
Board of Trade.
of which is respectfully submitted this gth day of Augi
the President and Council of the
at a meeting held 9th August, 1904,
nonthly General Meeting assembled.
1 The foregoing report was subn
Victoria, British Columbia, Board j
and by them referred to the Board in regular monthly General Meetin-
The regular monthly General Meeting of the Board was  held on Thursday
nth August, 1904, and the foregoing report having been read  and discussed th<
Victoria, B. C, January 29th, 1904.
The President and Members of the Victoria Board of Trade:
Gentlemen,—Your Committee appointed to prepare a draft of a Bill in
accordance with the following resolution introduced at the last meeting of the
Board :
Whereas many circumstances in the past and present point to the urgent
necessity for a properly constituted .Board  of   Harbour  Commissioners, be it
"That this Board of Trade take immediate action to obtain the appointment
" of an honorary Board of Harbour Commissioners, with such powers as shall
" enable them to provide for and maintain the close inspection and oversight of
" all Vessels leaving this port; of the Marine Hospital • and to deal with all other
" matters of this  port  that  would  rightly come within the jurisdiction of such
Be it further resolved :
"That a Committee  of five  be appointed   to  prepare-a draft  of a Bill,
" to a Special General Meeting of this Board on Friday evening, January 29th."
Begs to report as follows :
The time and information at the disposal of your Committee  hav the  present regulations in regard ti
vessels leaving Canadian ports, whether
ibject to the examination of Dominion
vessels  holding yearly certificates should
est that Dominion
work and that such
f, and  that all fees
paid by shipowners  for  the  in:
Dominion Government.
All of which is respectfully s
April 15th, 1904.
e Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
the regulations enforced at Victor
existing on the Pacific Coast in -,
and trade made by the nearby Uni
. should be adapted to the special
:w of the continuous efforts to divi
:d States ports on Puget Sound.
3. Your Committee cannot too strongly express its opinion that it would be
of great value to the trade of Victoria and of Canada, and of assistance to the
Dominion Government in understanding the special needs and conditions of this
coast, if the Dominion Government would appoint an advisory Board of Harbour
Commissioners whose duties it would be tocarry out the Dominion regulations in
regard to the port and shipping generally, and to make such recommendations as
are suggested dy the conditions of trade and navigation.
4. Your Committee would suggest that such Board of Harbour Commissioners should consist of five members : The Dominion Agent, two appointed by
the Dominion Government, one by the City of Victoria, and one by the Board of
Trade, the four last-mentioned to receive no payment for their services ; to be
appointed for not exceeding three years, but to be eligible for re-election or reappointment.
;.    Your Commitle
: ports of the United Sta
, it is advisable in the int
he circumstances of the cs
lid urge that the conditions existing on this coast are
m the east-coast of Canada owing to the proximity
ates on Puget Sound, and on this account, if for no
terest of Canadian trade and shipping that the exist-
d control of shipping matters should be modified to
6. The subjects which more particularly would come under the o
of the Board suggested by your Committee would be :
The improvement of the harbour ;
The inspection of all vessels ;
The shipping of crews ;
The supervision of all wharves so far as this was necessa
Lights and buoys within the harbours of Victoria and Ei
The Marine Hospital at Victoria;
The regulation of the harbours at Victoria and Esquimal
Your Committee does not advise that the present wharves owned
persons should be acquired by the proposed Board of Harbour, Comm
that powers should be sought to affect their ownership.
7. Your Committee respectfully submits that it is not advisable t
draft of a Bill to constitute a Board of Harbour Commissioners until,
views of the Dominion Government have been obtained on the princip
in the suggestions of your Committee, should these receive the endorsf
Board of Trade.
8.    The attention of y
;ard to the shipping of ci
r Committee has be<
•s on foreign-going v
1 called to the e .PPENDICES.
a Puget Sound to obtain crews,
British Columbia ports, with the
their stores on the American side
The extra-expense and delay incurred by vessels loading in B:
iia ports if they have to proceed -to United States ports in order to si
i very prejudicial to Canadian trade and causes serious
should receive the immei
All of which is respectfully submitted.
.  recommend  that this last-in
ipecial attention of the Board.
(Signed)       CHAS. E.  REDFERN, Chairman.
Ottawa, 21st June, 1904.
Sir,—With reference to your letter of the 9th instant, enclosing a copy of a
report of a Special Committee recommending the appointment of Harbour Commissioners for the port of Victoria, I have to stale that I gather from the recommendations of the Committee that if the management of the harbour was placed
in the hands of a Commission no taxes would be imposed upon shipping for the
maintenance and improvement of the harbour of Victoria, but that whatever
improvements and maintenance are required should be done at the'expense of the
Federal Government and that the Harbour Commissioners would superintend and
control such matters.    Kindly inform me if I am correct in this inference.
The Committee, however, in making certain recommendations in connection
with steamboat inspection, go beyond what would be strictly limited to the port
of Victoria, namely : making recommendations which would affect all steamships
throughout the Dominion:* With particular reference to one of these recommendations in which the Committee considers it necessary to state that the rules
and regulations with respect to the inspection of vessels in Canada should be
similar to all contiguous Canadian ports, I do not quite understand your reference.
The regulations with regard to steamboat inspection are the same all over Canada.
If you mean any other inspection,  kindly state  what particular inspection you
With referei
n regard to the
tandard of consl
o the remarks of the Committee that the prest
iction of passenger steamers do not sufficiently e
ion and equipment, and that further and more 30 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
lations are absolutely necessary, I have to request you to inform me in what particular the inspection in regard to boilers and hulls and equipment is defective.
With reference to the remarks of the Committee as to Dominion inspectors
not being permitted to undertake private work, I may say that if you refer to
Steamboat Inspectors, that practice is not in force now, as they are strictly prohibited from engaging in any outside business, with one exception, Mr. Collister of
British Columbia, who is paid a fee for inspecting a vessel and does not receive
any stated salary.
After receiving your reply I will lay the recommendations of your Committee
' before the Honourable the Minister of Marine and Fisheries for his consideration.
Your obedient servant,
(Sgd.)    F.  GOURDEAU,
Deputy Minister of Marine and Fisher
F. Elworthy, Esq.,
Secretary Board of Trade,
Victoria, B. C.
The President and Council of Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade:
Gentlemen,—In reply to the communication from the Deputy Minister of
Marine and Fisheries, asking for further information in regard to the questions of
\ taxation on shipping, and in what particulars the inspection in respect to boilers
and hulls and equipment is defective, your Committee beg to report as follows :
That it is not contemplated, nor does your Committee recommend that power
should be obtained to impose additional taxes on shipping or goods.
Your Committee, while fully recognizing that although certain of their recommendations, if adopted, could not be limited to the port of Victoria, respectfully
submit that the recommendations in question are worthy of consideration.
With respect to the inspection of boilers and engines, your Comm
are of any complaints having been made.
In the i
ispection of passenger stea
mers, yo
ur Com
nal inspections without not
ice shou
ld be r
n adc
lar annu
al survey, for which vessels
are spe
-ally pr
epared That in addition to the present equipment required, a full supply of disl
national code signals, etc.    That steamers carrying an extra number of passenger
The Committee is strongly of the opinion that the inspector of hulls for
port of Victoria should be placed in the same position with regard to salary as
the inspectors of hulls in other Canadian ports, and that his duties shoulc
strictly confined to those of a Government surveyor.
Your Committee believes that valuable additional information with regar
the inspection of passenger vessels can be obtained from the report dated
March, and sent to the Department of Justice by Mr. C. H. Lugrin, who wa
appointed by the Dominion Government as counsel to represent  them  at  th
inquest on those who lost their lives in the Clallam disaster, January 8th, 1904.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
To the Secretary Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade,
Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir,—We, your Committee on Harbours and Navigation, beg respectfully to call your attention to the undermentioned much needed improvements to
Victoria Harbour in order 10 meet the exigencies of the increasing demands of
a. , The dredging of the entrance to the inner harbour from the outer wharf
to the.railway bridge to a uniform depth of sixteen feet at ordinary low tides.
b. The deepening of the upper harbour from the railway to Point Ellice'
bridge to a uniform depth of twelve feet at ordinary low water, and the completion
of the removal of Tuzo rock.
There is need of much further improvements to our harbour, but what we are
now recommending is ofthe most pressing necessity in order to allow such shipping as is now plying to and from our port daily to enter and leave with ordinary
safety.    A glance at the increased amount of tonnage that is now frequenting our
(Signed),       JOHN G.  COX, BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
&ia, B. C, August 13th, !
lumbia, Board of Trade :
-Dredge Victoria inner harbour channel to 16 feet at lc
th the plans already submitted and approved by the Min
pper harbour channel t<
2 feet a
Dredger Rock.—In connection with the dredging of the channel, the
mittee would recommend that one of the first measures undertaken should be.
remdval of Dredger Rock. This will be the work of perhaps two or thiee
ths, while it-will take a very much longer period to deepen the entire channel.
Tuzo Rock.—In the same 1
mend the completion of the jremo
The foregoing includes the
to bring to the Ministei
mid r(
dent and Council, Victoria Board of Trade :
Lien,—We, your Committee on Fisheries, beg to report as follows,
id request that the same be embodied in the address that will be presented to the
.ble Raymond Prefontaine, Minister of Marine and Fisheries :
It is necessary that an independent fisheries district be established for Yancouver Island and an Inspector of Fisheries be appointed to cover this district.
The time of the present Inspector, Mr. C. B. Sword, is taken up on the Fraser
River, and as a large district exists on Vancouver Island, both on the East and
West Coasts, and trap and purse seines and other fishing for salmon will be largely
developed, it is most important that an Inspector be appointed who will give
his whole lime and attention to this District.
It is most important that a survey be made by the Dominion Government for
all cod and halibut banks on the British Columbia coast. Canadians should be
induced by bonuses or otherwise to engage in the business of catching cod and
halibut and other deep sea fish. APPENDICES. 33
That salmon and trout hatcheries be established on Vancouver Island. Suitable situations can be found. Many of the lakes are badly in need of re-stocking.
The removal of obstructions to the spawning grounds of the various streams should
also be undertaken without delay. Eastern salmon could be introduced on Vancouver Island ; the many clear water streams should be very suitable.    If success-
Since net fishing in Victoria Harbour has been prohibited, the s
; in the harbour and Victoria Arm has been greatly improved.
it fish-
The Department having decided that
used, sevefal salmon traps have been const
couver Island', and several purse-seines hav
trap-nets and purse-!
ucted and operated tl
also been used.
The canners of the Fraser River, without excep
. of using traps and purse-seines in the waters of the
enabled thereby to secure a large proportion of the sal
be caught by the American canners and fishermen of
therefore, to the Fraser River canners will be greater
the case since the immense business on Puget Sound v
trap-owners acknowledge that their unsuccessful seaso
the installation of the traps on Vancouv
schools of salmon and caused them to ke
traps on Puget Sound.    Certainly it is
n, now see the advantage
raits of Fuca, as they are
mi which would otherwise
iget Sound.    The supply,
proportion than has been
: built up.    The American
rul season this year is largely due to
Island, which have broken up the
in deep water, away from the many
:r for congratulation that your Gov-
what ri
up-to-date policy,  which i
Extensive preparations have already been made to establish rr
oming. season; plants have been purchased for construction, su
ave been made, and active preparations will be commenced early next season,
'uget Sound canners are anxious to secure some of the many good sites on Van-
ouver Island, and we therefore strongly approve of the regulation that no salmon
lught in traps shall be exported for the purpose of manufacture. The same clause
hould also in our opinion be inserted in all purse-seine, drag-seine and gill-net
It is a matter of regret that any opposition should exist to the licensing of fish-
traps ; but there has been opposition to every improvement, and the future will
prove that your Department has adopted the right principle. We firmly believe
that it is worth thousands of dollars annually to the American canners and fishermen of Puget Sound to prevent traps and purse-seines being operated in the Straits
of Fuca ; and further, that most of what little opposition does exist is due to these
same capitalists of Puget Sound.
In closing, we beg to quote an extract presented by all the canners of British
Columbia to the Fisheries Commi
ict presented by all the ct
n Vancouver in 1902 :
" We unite in expressing the opinion that trap fishing is the m<
lethod of catching salmon, and unanimously support the  licensing of thes
ific 34-            VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
This shews  conclusively the opinion of the canners on this question, and
further, that they should be allowed in all parts of British Columbia, except near
the mouths of commercial salmon streams, and subject, of course, to proper regu
lations—in which your Committee concur.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
a. g. McGregor,
April 29th, 1904.
To President and Members Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade :
Gentlemen,—Your Comtnittee appointed  to report upon the conditions
under which crews are at present shipped .on foreign-going merchant vessels in
British Columbia ports, beg to report as follows :
The regulations now being enforced in regard to the shipping of crews on
foreign-going vessels  are prejudicial to the interests of Canadian trade on this
Coast and must inevitably work in favour of United States ports.
had been shipped by a boarding-house master and a prosecution was instituted,
fines being imposed amounting to $500.
It was disclosed that  this prosecution- was instigated by the Puget Sound
boarding-house masters for the purpose of preventing crews being obtained in
British Columbia ports, and with this object in view it is understood that' agents
from Puget Sound frequent the British Columbia ports for the purpose of compel
ling the authorities to enforce the regulations to the utmost, to the serious injury
of Canadian shipping interests.
Vessels arriving here from long voyages invariably lose a portion of their
^tU^^^^^Mrf^ ^Seame" ^ t0 ^ rePlaC6d ^ the
The Canadian regulations have always made it difficult to secure crews with
facility, whereas the boarding-house masters in the United States ports on Puget -
Sound are always ready to supply crews, and in many cases have yearly contracts
with shipowners. bvEMENTS  (Page   3  Although the charges made by these men are cften extortionate, owners of
I vessels would sooner pay these excessive charges than have their vessels delayed
after loading, and it has been not unusual to tow vessels, after loading, to Puget
Sound ports to pick up their crews.
The extra cost involved by this course has caused a discrimination in freight
rates against British Columbia, and it has also resulted in vessels obtaining their
sea stores in the United States port instead of at the British Columbia loading
port. Recently the authorities at Vancouver have refused to give clearance to a
loaded vessel unless the full crew was at first shipped, the captain desiring to proceed to Puget Sound to procure a crew.
The position therefore is that the captain is unable to secure a-crew in Vancouver because no one is permitted to give him the necessary assistance, unless
gratuitously, that he cannot legally bring in a crew from Puget Sound and that he
cannot get a clearance, even for Puget Sound, without a crew.
Nothing but harm is done to Canadian int<
deadlock, and it is evident that the present regulati
any delay.
Owing to the proximity of American ports to Canadian on this Coast, the conditions are quite different from those on the Atlantic Coast, and if shipowners find
themselves under disadvantage in British Columbia ports the injury to trade is
immediate and direct, owners protecting themselves by raising freight rates. At
the present time the shipments from British Columbia ports by cargo vessels consist of lumber, coal, salmon, ore and general produce, and it is vital to all these
trades that shipment should be made at as low freight rates as are current elsewhere on this Coast and especially on Puget Sound.
It has not been easy to keep a supply of se
amen for foreign-going vessels in
British Columbia ports owing to the induceme
nts held out by the agents of the
Puget Sound boarding-masters.
The Shipping Masters have never made an
l effort to provide crews for vessels
and the only assistance to the shipping interes
in this essential matter has been
given by boarding-house masters.
The majority of unemployed seamen in  I
acific Coast ports having left their
previous ship without being paid off, the only
remuneration which the boarding-
house master can receive must be cut of the se
man's advance note and any sum
paid by captains for procuring crews.
In the past in British Columbia ports, under, perhaps, a not too strict interpretation of the law, certain boarding-house masters have undertaken to provide
crews, with results satisfactory to both captains and seamen.
Your Committee is informed that the fee charged here has been $10 per head
and on Puget Sound from $35 to $80 per head. 36                            BRITISH   COLUMBIA   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
On the other hand, the wages paid to seamen here have usually been 25%
higher than on Puget Sound, where the seamen are made to accept lower wages to
compensate for the extra amount charged the  captains by the boarding-house
Your Committee is of the opinion that a continuance of the practice of board-
ing-house masters charging a moderate fee for securing crews in British Columbia
ports will be to the advantage of seamen and all other parties concerned, and your
Committee would recommend such an amendment  of the  regulations as  will
permit this.
It seems-to your Committee that under sub-section " C" of Clause 11 of the
Shipping of Seamen Acl, shipping-masters should be allowed to license not more
than  two  reputable persons  in each port, who should be authorized to  assist
captains in securing crews, and that for such services a fee of not more than $10
per head should be paid.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
(Signed)    J. J. SHALLCROSS, Chairman.
j       HARRY F.  BULLEN.
mittee on the West Coast Service, dated September 29th, 1903.
Your Committee would point out that much delay and inconvenience is often
many of the ports of call, and that  much   better  time  could be made if landings
could be made with safety both by night and day.
Your Committee would suggest that the Dominion Government should be
urged to give this matter their consideration, and that, in particular, lights should
All of which is respectfully subm:
(Signed),    J. J. SHALLCROSS, Chai
Victoria, B. C, 13th August, 1904.
The President and Council Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade :
Gentlemen,—Your Committee on Harbours and Navigation recommend
that the attention of the Honourable Raymond Prefontaine be directed  to the
Pine Island.—We would recommend a lighthouse and fog alarm for Pine
Island, Queen Charlotte Sound. This is on the main thoroughfare for all vessels
plying to Northern British Columbia Ports and Alaska, and is much needed.
Egg Island.—We would further recommend that a good fog-alarm be established at the present Egg Island lighthouse.    The light is an excellent one and is
N doing splendid service, but should be supplemented with a good fog-alarm in order
■ that mariners may-locate the island in thick weather.
s Inlet.—This is
t.    Ai present I
vessels enter and leave
ibined bell-buoy and gas-light off Zero Rock
West Coast Vancouver  Island.—We would respectfully urge that the
whistling-buoys promised for the West Coast be placed as soon as possible.
J. W. TROUP,  Chat
C. F. Todd, Esq., President
a Boara
s. s.
jver, B. C, Oct.  12th, 1903.
Trade :
to  Victoria shortly of the   Hon.
Dear Sir,—In view of the expected
the Minister of Marine and Fisheries, would it not be a most* favourable
the Board of Trade to bring to his notice the urgent need of several additi
lighthouses on the Northern British Columbia Coast, viz. : At Christie I
Pine Island, Watson Rock and Grey or Green Island.
; for
All of these are much needed. B
:he scene of the lamentable Bristol diss
jiorth end of Dundas Island, Dixon enti
:wo small  low-lying islands  with no
with xi
most important one is Grey Island,
1 1901. This island is near the
Grey or Green Islands consisi
or foliage upon them, about three-
towards  each  other and  doubtful
soundings near them. There are strong tides in this vicinity, in and out of
Chatham Sound, Observatory Inlet and the Naas River, the fresh water from
which creates much fog near this point.
All shipping in the Alaska trade must pass this point. I enclose a partial
list of steamships employed at the present.time navigating this route daily.
Grey or Green Islands is a very difficult and dangerous passage to make in
thick, foggy and dirty weather and at night.
Grey or Green Islands are quite suitable for the erection of a lighthouse, and
it should also be provided with a fog-horn.
Watson Rock is situated at the head of Granville Channel, the turning-point
into Antler Passage at the mouth of the Skeena River. Strong tides and much
fog are met with here, and a small light is much needed at this point.
Christie Pass and Pine Island are very suitable places for lighthouses.
All lighthouses are invaluable in ordinary weather, but there being so much
fog prevailing along this coast, lighthouses should all have good fog-horns in connection with them.
This is most important to the safe navigation of this coast, the business of
which is yet in its infancy, and the establishment of these lighthouses and foghorns will,  I have no doubt,  have a beneficial effect on the present insurance
Trusting that the foregoing may meet with your approbation and support, and
that ,you may have a favourable opportunity of presenting the same,
(Signed)    CAPT. E. McCOSKRIE,
Master SS. Am
Member Victoria Board of Trade.
Victoria, B. C, August 13th, 1904.
incil Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade:
-Your Com
rbours and Na
the Hono
nd Prefontaine
be  d
Sehl's Point.—We recommend a light of some distinctive nat
int, as a guide for pilots in the narrowest portion of the harbour. Brotchie Ledge.—The present fog-alarm at Brotchie Ledge is entirely inadequate, and we would recommend a more powerful fog-alarm at that point in
order that vessels making the harbour may do so more readily, and not suffer the
delays that they now do in thick weather.
Trial Island.—We would also recommend the immediate establishment of a
fog-alarm and light on Trial Island.     This is of the utmost importance.      Pilots
,  bound to Victoria from Puget Sound and from Vancouver and northern ports
would have no difficulty in shaping their positions and in picking up  Brotchie
Ledge with a good alarm and light on Trial Island.
Fiddle Reef.-
-In th
ection it migh
t be pointed out that the lig
at Fiddle Reef migl
to a Wigham
ight, and
the light-keeper r
to Trial Island, thu
ttle to the co
t of main
The foregoing
e the
various  matte
rs which
the Cc
necessary to bring t
j the *•
's attention.
Respectfully submitted.
J. W.
ICH 3rd,
To the President an
uil, V
cloria, BHtis,
• Coluntbi
■x, Boar
d of Trad
1 Committee
on Safety
to Se
i-borne L
5 report:
That in consequence of the suggestion that a light and fog-alarm should be
_ established on Trial Island, we instructed your Secretary to obtain the views of
pilots and captains conversant with the situation. Appended hereto is a copy of
the Secretary's letter and all the replies received, which you will observe are
strongly favourable to the proposition. Besides the reasons given in these replies,
attention is directed to casualties which have occurred at Trial Island. Only a
few years since the tug " Velos," with a barge, was wrecked there, and nearly all
onboard lost their lives. More recently the steamer " Edna Grace," and, only a
few weeks ago, the steamer " Tees " was ashore on Trial Island. This record,
together with the testimony of many navigators, is considered strong enough to
base an application for the light and fog-alarm on Trial Island now recommended.
Your Committee would further recommend that a signal station be established
there and connected with the city by telephone.
Complaint has been made in regard to the strength of the fog-alarm on
Brotchie Ledge. As far as your Committee can ascertain, that complaint would
be in a great measure overcome by the establishment of a fog-alarm on Trial
Island ; taking it for granted that the alarm on the Island would be stronger, and
that navigators having taken their bearings therefrom, the alarm on Brotchie
Ledge would be of less importance than it now is.    Your Committee recommend, UTISH   COLUMBIA   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
wever, that the fog-alarm on Brolchie Ledge 1
arby fog-alarms.
distinguishable from
Your Committee learn that the light on Berens Island, inside Victoria
bour, is not serving the best interests of the port in its present location, an
have been requested to ask that the light be removed to another position, r
McLaughlin Point.
t the Ya
r pil.
Other matters requiring the Board's attention are the suggestions that a more
powerful steamer be placed in service at the Quarantine Station, and that a Life
Saving Station be established on the south west coast of Vancouver Island. The
latter has been repeatedly urged by this "Board at intervals extending over many
(Signed)    GEORGE CARTER,
D. R. KER.
anuary. 26th, 1904.
etc.,  on Trial  Island.)
Board that a light and '
would be derived from the light and fog-bell on Trial Island, there being already
lights in that vicinity, viz.: Discovery Island and Brotchie Ledge.
We will be much obliged if you will make your reply as full as possible, as
before the Board moves it will be necessary to be armed with the strongest pos-
* sible reasons why the suggestions made should be put into effect.
Yours faithfully,
Sent to
—T. O.    Griffen, SS. Charmer.
J. McLeod, SS. Amur.
J. O. Hughes, SS. Tees.
P. J. Hickey, SS. Princess Beatri
D. Brown, SS. Otter.
J. O. Townsend, SS. Queen City APPENDICES.
ry 27th
F. Elwc
rthy, Esq.,
Secretary Victoria Board of Trai
'e, Victoric
ar Sir—'i
four favor of the 22nd r
arding the
proposition of the light
and bell e
n Trial Is
and, I
must say
that I a
n certainly
n favour of the proposa
1, as the
ignals on
y Island
and Bro
are practically of no use
when nav
gating the
inner ch
annel.    I
would s
iggest a Daboll Trumpet instead of
a bell, as
a bell can
not be
beard far
with fal
great he
ing snow,
lp to the lo
It would benefit the 0
cal mail steamers and si
:ean mail
-joms of
scows, a
s the strong
tides which always pre
vail in th
s locality
soon set
a vessel
out of position, and
when thick weather se
s in sudde
nly the na
igator i
3 anxious
the bearing of this turning point sc
that he c
an get the
d to his car
a to a place of safety.
ogether I c
nnot express myself toe
n favor of this light and fog-
the benefit
r would be to all navig
itors in these waters
ive placed
our letter before my brother  pile
Is,  and d
they will
also con
municate v
ith you.
(Signed)       C
EO. W.
Yale ar
d New W
ary qth
F.~Ekuorthy, Esq., Secretary Victoria Board of Trade, Victoria, B. C:
Dear Sir,—I am now in a position to reply to your letter of Jan. 27th with
enclosure, which is a suggestion that a light and fog-bell should be established on
Trial Island. I have interviewed the following pilots of this authority—Etter-
shank, Bridgman, Jones and Patterson, and they have instructed me as follows :
That the light proposed to be placed on Trial Island is very necessary, but same
must be a distinctive light—distinct from all others in the vicinity. There are
many white lights in this locality. They think the light should have with it a
good fog-signal, not a bell, as a bell would often not be heard, owing to the noise
made by very heavy tides which run off this island.
While on the subject of lights, the pilots ask me to point out that a good light
is absolutely necessary on the Sand Heads of the Fraser River ; but may be you
■ will permit me to point out that it is my intention soon to bring this matter up
before our Board of Trade, as Secretary ofthe Pilotage Authority, and ask your
Board and the Westminster Board to confirm and endorse the request,-which will
come as from the pilots of the Authority to which the Fraser River at present be- Dear Sir,—In reference to yours of the 26th regarding a .
on Trial Island, I might state that it would be of great value f
and leaving Victoria. Trial Island is the place we must make s
parture for Brotchie Ledge ; and if it is thick, dirty weather, i
pick up, and sometimes endangering ourselves.
.(Signed)    C.  GARDINER-JOHNSON,
Board of Tra,
ar Sir,—
n reply to yo
u- letter re
bll on  Trial
sland, I
would s
d place to
would be a v
ery good th
se fog for v
Trial  Island
ing Victoria
the Haro Straits re
und Discover
Island and
Discovery Isla
-id bound
for Vict
aria.    Vess
els bound to Victoria fron
1 the
und a
d from Victor
a to the
in  dense
fog)  would a
lso find it v
fal, as,
against a stro
ng flood,
from the S
ound a vessel
s very liab
e to
t set
too close in
to Trial
The horn
on Discovery
Island is n
)t m
use in
that particula
case, as
the ordi
nary course
takes them v
vide of Dis
Under  exi
ting cir-
ces, coming from Discov
ery to Victo
vice ve
rsa, we have t
0 steer a
wide co
arse off Tn
al Island and
.rust to dist
ar it.    They -.
vould be
good th
ngs to hav
1 under any ci
, bu
lat is r
eally urgently
the only sound we have to guide us approaching Victoria Harbour in foggy_
weather is the electric horn on Brotchie Ledge, which is almost useless, as it can
seldom be heard at a distance of more than 200 or 300 yards, and very frequently
when it is most required it is not working at all.
The fog-bell on Behre
d  a  very  shorl
s Island (Victoria Harbour light house)  can only be
o the bell used at the outer wharf.    These fog-
ere happens to be any wind at all from
only fog-horns in the vicinity are located APPENDICES. 43
| Rocks and Discovery Island (both good ones) but there is absolutely
to guide a vessel approaching Victoria Harbour in a dense fog from either
n or from the Sound. In clear weather there is no difficulty, as the lights
ren's Island and Brotchie Ledge are sufficient and can always be dis-
jed from the shore electric lights (particularly when there is moonlight).
approaching Victoria, it is particularly awkward when the tide is running
:bb, as it is an easy matter in trying to pick up Brotchie Ledge to drift
light and fog-bell on Trial Island would undoubtedly be a great help, but
(Signed)    T. D. GRIFFIN,
Master SS. Charm.
To the Council ofthe Victoria Board of Trade :
made in reference to the Marine Hospital and upon the arrangements made at the
Marine Hospital for the care of sick seamen beg to state that they have visited the
Marine Hospital and to report as follows :
The sworn statement of Thomas Allan, seaman ofthe " Mylomene," copy of
which is attached, is substantially correct, there being no regular night attendant
at the Hospital and the patients being required to pay for their own washing, but
our information is that the doctor attends at the Hospital at frequent intervals, and
that patients receive all necessary medical attention.
The sworn statements of Captain Schwarting  and  Heinrieh  Reiners of the
lin Schwi
irting  and
are   subst;
should be
to be bro
.ught to the
Copies of the correspondence in reference to the seaman from the ship
" Roland" are attached. This vessel was lying at Esquimalt, and the seaman
found to have perforation of the stomach and to be in an almost critical condition.
- He was ordered by the nearest available doctor to be taken to the Jubilee Hospital, where a successful operation was performed.
Inasmuch as such an operation could not be performed at the Marine 1 lospi-
tal with safety, your Committee considers that the request of the owners of the
Roland who had paid the usual Hospital dues, that the Dominion Government
should refund the Hospital fees charged at the Jubilee Hospital, with the exception Attendance—The Superintendent has received mu
h assistance from mem-
bers  of his family,   for  which no remuneration has bee
i paid by the Dominion
Government, but there is no regular n:ght attendant.      V
Ve consider that there
should always be a night attendant, and that to this end a
least one trained nurse
should be appointed to assist the Superintendent.
Board for Patients.—An allowance is made of
$5  per week for each
patient while a resident of the Hospital.    We found the fe
wholesome character, but the above mentioned sum is not 45
if the
1 all classes of disease 1
I if part of the dining room were
Certainly there can be no ques-
ard for all classes of disease should
io operating room, which is an inexc
should be provided without  delay,   -
Wards.—There is only one ward, i
divided off so as to make a convalescent
not be allowed to continue.
Operating Room.—There is no c
omission.    A suitable opera
bed room in connection with it.
Washing.—If patients require the clothing worn by them in the Hospital
washed, they either have to. pay for it themselves or it is not done, unless the
Superintendent gives them the money himself for the purpose.    There can surely
"arrangements.    We consider that all washing should be done  at  the cost of the
Hospital funds, and that it should be done on the premises.
Light.—The lighting is now provided by oil lamps. Electric light should
be substituted on the ground of safety and convenience.
of stoves in the i
is used.
ng should be intr.
building, and thi
ould be
Telephone.—There is no telepho
Means of Communication.—These are very poor. The only road l
almost impassable in winter, the water from the flats overflowing and it is no:
lighted from its junction with the Craigflower road.
This road should be put into good c
boat belonging to the' Hospital is no
equipped should be secured so as to prov
r.    The present
/ boat properly
unicati'on  with the Superintendent's  House.—There is ne
the ward or any part of the Hospital and the house of the  Superin
in  the  Hospital.     Different  arrangements  should be  made  im
Dining and Painting—Your Committee understands that it is tw.
he ward and other parts of the Hospital were kalsomined, and sever
Ventilation.—The only ventilatic
windows or doors, which causes drafts. 46
this ■
iuggest that provis:
5 of the Act re-
allow the treat-"
at the Hospital
applying to the Col-
Mnmend _ that all ad-
of the patient.
A sitting room for convalescents could be arranged u
add much to their comfort. Your Committee thinks that
specting Sick and Distressed Seamen should be amended
ment of seamen, especially
of the receipt for Hospital dues without the necessity of fii
lector of Customs, night or day,   and  they would  also  r
mission papers should be confirmed by the
They would alsc
patients of seam
Your Committee would point out that by the Terms of Confederation under
which British Columbia entered the Dominion, the Dominion Government undertook to maintain a marine hospital at Victoria, and it would submit that this
means a Hospital fitted up with wnat-is necessary for the proper care of sick and
injured seamen. It cannot be contended that the Marine Hospital by any means
fulfils this necessary condition; and your Committee recommends that the
Dominion Government should be called upon to perform their obligations by
making the improvements and alterations which are undoubtedly required. We
consider that the present building and site can be made to answer all the requirements for a Marine Hospital, such as is contemplated by the Terms of
In the opinion of your Committee, the Dominion Goverr
igation to maintain a properly equipped Marine Hospital ;
j Hospital dues paid by vessels entering at Victoria are suf
;t or not; but as a matter of fact the dues paid at Victoria a
! sums expended in the maintenance of the Hospital.
During the five years ending June 30th, 1901, the last
lilable, $18,973.78 was paid for Hospital dues by vessels <
ile the amount expended during those five-years upon the I
Ly $9,541.63, leaving a profit of $9,432.63. ,
rns which a
ng at Victori
In the year ending Jur
$4,230.88, and the amounl
130th, 1901, the amount rec
expended $1,714.49, leavi
:d for Hospital dues wa
profit of $2,566.39.
r Hospital dues showing a steady ii
o the Domii
All of w
nd therefore can the present arrangement be excused, and your
mmends that the strongest possible representations should be made
J. J. SHALLCROSS, Chairman
F. W. VINCENT. The President and Members Victoria, British-Columbia, Board of Trade:
steamboat communication between Victoria and  the West  Coast  of Vancouver
Templeman, George Riley, Esq., M.P., Capt. Troup, Capt. Townsend of the
" Queen City," and many mining men and others who are in the habit of travelling between Victoria and the West Coast, or who have interests there. Your
Committee are of opinion that the officers in command of the " Queen City " have
with the means at their disposal, and in consultation with Captain Troup your
Committee  found  every  willingness  to  discuss the desired improvement in the
There is undoubtedly much dissatisfaction, however, with the service provided by the " Queen City," and a general desire that a larger and faster steamer
should be provided, if possible.
In view ofthe known mineral deposits on the West Coast and  the develop-
• of paramount importance to the trade of Victoria that the means of communication
should be convenient and frequent, and to this end your Committee is of opinion
that a larger and faster steamer than the " Queen City" is necessary.
our Committee that the present shipments to and
n themselves justify the use of a more expensive
steamer than the " Queen City," excepting for occasional trips, and that a steamship Company cannot be expected to carry on a service entirely at their own risk
which is likely to leave a loss, although the improved service may be of very great
indirect benefit to Victoria and the West Coast.
Your Committee would urge that the development of the country by means of
steamship lines is as worthy of the support of the Dominion Government as its
development by means of railways, and that it may often be that the results are
even greater in proportion to the financial aid given. Your Committee are of
opinion that the Victoria Board of Trade would be justified in urging the
Dominion Government to give liberal assistance to the steamboat service between
Victoria and the West Coast, both on account of the difficulties connected with
the service and on account of the important developments which may be expected
to follow.
The route in question is 350 miles in length, and for the greater part of the
distance is exposed to the Pacific Ocean and subject to very severe weather. During last summer there were four trips per month, of which one was extended to
Cape Scott; and on all the trips the mails were carried. On each long trip 53
calls were made, and on the shorter trips 30 calls. BRITISH   COLUMBIA   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
The Cape Scott trips occupy on the average t]ri days, and the shorter trips
By the terms of Confederation, the Dominion Government undertake to
maintain a regular service between Victoria and San Francisco; and twenty years
ago this service cost by way of subsidy $17,640 per annum, but only $5,000 is
now required for this service.
Your Committee think that this fact might well be urged upon the Dominion
Government as a further justification of an increased\subsidy to  the  West Coast
ment of the West Coast of Vancouver Island, and that with such assistance and an
improved service there is every reason to believe that there will be a  marked in-
Extensive copper deposits are known to e
Coast from Sooke at the south end of the Islai
considerable development work is now being carried on, and re
of copper ore are being made from Quatsino while trial shipments have beenmade
from other points with most encouraging results. On the Alberni Canal there are
not only copper mines in process of development, but we are informed that
arrangements have been made to work the extensive iron ore deposits which have
been found there. It is unnecessary for your Committee to point out in detail how
much the development of the coast must be retarded unless a thoroughly comfortable and expedious steamship service is provided. The present subsidy is only
$2,400 per annum, which covers the carriage of the mails, and in their interviews-
with Senator Templeman and Mr. Riley your Committee urged that a much increased subsidy should be granted by the Dominion Government.
e please
to be a
Your Committee would point out that much delay and inconvenience is oftei
caused on the West Coast trips owing to insufficient lighting of the approaches t<
many ofthe ports of call, and that much better time could be made if landing:
could be made with safety both by night and day.
Your Committee would suggest that the Dominio
urged to give this matter their consideration, and that in
be provided at the following points without delay :—Ei
Sound; Lookout Island, Kyuquot • Estevan Point, He:
rnment should be
lar lights should
All of which is respectfully subm
(Signed)    J. J. SHALLCROSS,  Chai
S. J. PITTS. APPENDICES.                                                           49
Victoria, B. C, August 5th, 1904.
The President ofthe Boara
'of Trade, Victoria:
juested by the Committee of Management of this Asso-
•equest your weighty influence in assisting in obtaining
tance above Point Ellice B
tions passing up and down
the passage between the sh
be deprived of danger, and
rock known as the Twin Sisters, which is a short dis-
ridge, has always been a menace to crafts of all descrip-
the Gorge.    If these rocks could be blasted away and
ore and rocks deepened, the course to the Gorge would -
would be made an excellent course, so that the public
without danger at this point.
e/ttSeJ 'ZiT^r^ZfZ Lefore1^
of'danger, and thus add to
[the pleiurLTf'the to.^ '
pating and assisting in the
hand.    The public do their best to try and keep off the
g this there are always some people who will get in the
of the many, and particularly  those  who  are partici-
fours faithfully,
August 24th, 1904.
To the Council, the Victor,
ia, British Columbia, Board of Trade:
to report that subsequent to the presentation to the
tne,   Minister of  Marine and Fisheries, of the Board's
he Minister met the following members of the   Board 50 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
fonlaine, Col. F. Gourdeau, Commodore Spain, C. F. Todd, J. J. Shallcross,
J. G. Cox, J. W. Troup, W. T. Oliver, B. C. Mess, T. W. Paterson, Richard j
Hall, Joshua Kingham, S. J. Pitts and the Secretary.
Harbour Commissioners. Mr. Prefontaine appeared favourably disposed towards the proposal to appoint Harbour Commissioners for the port of
Victoria, and he suggested that if the Board prepared a draft of a Bill it would _e
introduced at the next session of Parliament. Incidentally, pilotage matters were
introduced, and the Minister suggested the consolidation of the present Pilotage
Board with the proposed Harbour Commissioners.
he promised to
of Public Work
nprovements.    The question c
ring to the notice of his cqlleague
Fisheries.    The suggestion that a Fisheries Inspectoi
iver Island he said  would  depend upon  his interview
>e appointed for V
with  the  Provin
Brotchie Ledge Breakwater. The construction of a breakwater be-,
tween Holland Point and Brotchie Ledge was discussed, but in the opinion of
the Minister there are other works more pressing; and in" his opinion the first
work should be to put the inner harbour in good condition. He was careful not
to commit himself in any way as to the merits of the proposal, stating that it was
an undertaking which would come under the public works department; that an
engineer's report would be required, and that the question of the cost also had
to be considered.
Shipping Crews.
n interfered.
cted with the shipm.
:e  of Commons
Aids to Navigation. Some ofthe recommendations for improved aids
navigation were discussed, and the Minister advised the Committee that an il
proved fog-signal had been ordered for Brotchie Ledge, and that lighthouses h
been ordered to be placed on Pine Island and Trial Island. He stated that 1
deputy intended to investigate further requirements with the local agent on t'
following day, and he requested that your Secretary might attend that meeting.
provements to the  Marine  Hosi
West Coast Service. Additional aid for improving the Wfost Coast ser
e is a matter which must be considered by the Department of Trade and Com
:rce, and Mr. Prefontaine promised to present the Board's recommendation te
. colleague, the Honourable the Minister of tfiat Department. The Sealing Fleet
at Anchor,
Victoria Harbour,
Exporting Lumber
from Mills,
Victoria Harbour.  s that the local agent  of the  Marine
is,   only  authorized to hold enquirie:
marine casualties after formal application has been made to Ottawa.
Mr. Prefontaine undertook that orders would be given on his return
to Ottav
providing that enquiries should be held in future, as a matter of course,
in all cas
of marine accidents, with the assistance of nautical assessors ; and that
trivial cases, the local agent thought enquiry superfluous, he would be e
make a special report, giving reasons for the omission.
Inspection of Vessels. The Minister stated that the existing law regulating the inspection of vessels is working well in the East, and that the Inspectors
now have ample powers in this connection. In future the local Inspectors
will be paid salaries and will not be allowed to take any outside work.
Victoria Arm. Mr. Prefontaine stated that he had made arrangements to
visit Victoria Arm and he deferred making any remarks.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
August 19TH, 1904.
The President and Council, The Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade :
GENTLEMEN,^-Acling under instructions received from the President, I
attended at the local office of the Department of Marine and Fisheries this morning, and there met Col. F. Gourdeau, the deputy minister, Commodore Spain
and Capt. Gaudin.
Col. Gourdeau went very thoroughly into the various aids to navigation
recommended in the .memorandum which the Board yesterday presented to the
Honourable Mr. Prefontaine, and by request I made the following notes :
Sehl's Point—The immediate installation of a light ordered.
Brotchie Ledge.—A more powerful fog-alarm has been ordered.     T »-"■■£"/JS
Estevan Point, Hesquoit.—A light will be placed Without delay.
West Coast.—Whistling buoys will be placed as soon as possible.
Trial Island.—Lighthouse and fog-alarm—approved.
Pine Island.—Lighthouse and fog-alarm—approved.
Egg Island.—Fog-alarm—approved. 52              VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
Rivers Inlet.—Bell-buoy and gas light—approved.
Grey or Green Islands.—Lighthouse and fog-alarm—approved.
Watson  Rock.—Wigham light—approved.
Christie Pass. —Lighthouse—approved.
Fraser River.—Lightship, Sandheads—approved.
Capt. Gaudin received instructions to promptly  report  upon  the  following
Cape Beale.—Fog-alarm.
Quatsino Sound.—Lighthouse.
Lookout Island.—Lighthouse.
In regard to the Marine Hospital, Col. F. Gourdeau said that  the  improvements recommended by the Board will be completed, and that the necessary
furnishings, etc., would be purchased; also that a seaworthy boat would   be  provided.
That arrangements would be made for daily medical attendance  and for the
treatment of seamen with trifling complaints at the Hospital as out patients, when
it is not advisable for their treatment in the Hospital.
The cost of bedding will, in future, be a charge on maintenance.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Railway Freight Rates.
October 27th, 1903.
To the President and Members ofthe Victoria Board of Trade :
Gentlemen,—Your Special Committee on Railway Freights,  appointed in
April, 1903, beg to report as follows :
In conjunction with the Committee of the Vancouver Board ofTrade, negoti- $2.oo       $1.66       $1.34       $1.01       $ .91
$ .25       $ .22       $ .16       $ .11       $ .10
It is presumed that the rates apply also from Victoria, in which case we
would recommend their acceptance in the meantime, but in view of the fact that
no similar concessions have been made on the Crow's Nest Line to Lethbridge,
we would strongly urge that the Board's efforts in that direction should be continued in order that a dividing line may be established so that all distributing
rates, both class and commodity, meet equally at Calgary and Lethbridge, and
always to be readjusted at these points should any future tariff changes be made
from either end.
An expert has been employed, and has prepared tables of freights now in
force for which an expenditure of $ 100 has been incurred. By an arrangement
with the Vancouver Board of Trade, this Board is liable to the extent of $50,
which sum we recommend being paid to the Vancouver Board of Trade forthwith,
Coast-Kootenay Railway.
The petition of the Coast-Kootenay Railway1 Company to
ivernment praying for a cash subsidy for a line from Vancouv
ving been referred to the Railway Committee, we beg to report £
I. That there are two companies who profess their desire a
ild a line from Kootenay to the Coast, covering practically the
L:    The Coast-Kootenay Railway Company and the Victoria, 54 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
3. That cash subsidies were voted in a previous session for a railway fi
Midway to Vernon, a distance of 152 miles, and from Kitimaat to Hazelton,
miles, at $5,000 a mile each, and that these two subsidies stand as a Provin
4. That as the Legislature this session considered it necessary to largely
crease taxation in order to preserve the credit of the Province  and  to  bring
, expenditure within the revenue, your Committee are of opinion that it would
be advisable or prudent for this Board to recommend to the Government thi
cash subsidy be granted to any one line, but rather to leave the responsibility \
the Executive and the Legislature.
Your Committee would also remind the Board that when the Honours
A. G. Blair, ex-Minister of Railways, met a deputation of this Board on his -
to Victoria, he stated that he had an assurance from Mr. Hill that as soon as
found a practicable route he would build a line from Kootenay to the Coast w
out a subsidy, and your Committee have reason to believe that he will comme
uring the present year.
J. A. MARA, Chair
All of which is respectfully s>
Vdopted 9th February, 1904.
All-Canadian Route to the Yukon.
, by the decision ofthe Alaskan Boundary Commission, the title of
the United £
tates to the Western coast of the continent north of Portland Canal,
has  been  ce
nfirmed,  whereby a strip of foreign territory has been interposed be-
tween the s
ea and the  Yukon  Territory and  the northern portion of British
And wh
ereas, the part of Canada above  mentioned   contains , great  natural
resources wh
ich can only be very imperfectly utilized without railways ;
And whereas, it is to the disadvantage of Canada that the business now done
and hereafter to be developed, in the part of the Dominion above mentioned,
should contribute to the building up of foreign cities ;
Therefore, resolved, that this Board has learned with great satisfaction that
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Premier of Canada, has declared in his place in parliament,
that it has now become the immediate duty of Canada to provide an all-Canadian
railway to the Yukon, and most heartily endorses the same ; APPENDICES.
Further resolved, that in the opinion of this Board, such a
interests of the Northern country, as well as in justice to t
with those
And further resolved, that a coi
with the Boards of Trade of Vanco
Dawson, the City Council of Cumbe
private individuals as they may deer
r, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Atlin and
id and with such other public bodies and
ivisable, with the view of securing their
ibject of these resolutions, namely, the im-
i line from the British Columbia seaboard
d 6th November, 1903.
a with the 1
The immediate construction of a railway over Canad
Yukon Territory and Atlin the shortest and best com
over Canadian territory is conceded to be imperative in th
the localities to be served thereby, but of the whole Dom
as well as the general welfare of the country demand
northern territory shall no longer be across a foreign coun
to interference at the hands of a foreign government. Tl
bia and the Yukon Territory, which is cut off from the se
about a quarter of a million square miles, and possesses a
railway from Skagway, are inadequate to present requirei
velopment. What is required is an all-rail route from tl
coast to Dawson, so located and with such connections a
transportation facilities to existing centres of population a
the establishment of new ones.
An all-Canadian line to the Yukon should be so located as to accomplish the
following objects :
1.    The construction ofthe shortest and best line from the British Columbia
seaboard to Atlin and Dawson.
the  Stikin.
3.    Securing to the Coast cities of British Columbia the trade 1
be developed in northern British Columbia and the Yukon Territory.
It is not suggested that all these objects can be secured by a  singl
lway,  because  the  most  direct line to Atlin could hardly be so located as
relop the region referred to in paragraph 2, and it is desirable that tl 56 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
Atlin should be as direct as possible.    In the y
used a
1900, the Dor
o Teslin Lake, arid
lined v,
672, 706 ai
niles. To this would have to be added the distance from Teslin
proximately 75 miles, so that the shortest distance by either of
the examined lines from Port Simpson to Atlin would be in the neighbourhood of
750 miles. Probably some of this mileage could be saved by choosing some other
port than Simpson as the Coast terminus, but by neither of the routes suggested
by the Government surveyors would the road to Atlin be less than 700 miles in
length, while the extension of the line to Dawson, which would not go by way of
Atlin, would add probably 500 miles, making the whole distance from the Coast
to Dawson approximately 1,200 miles. The examination made by the Dominion
engineers seems to have been incidental to an exploration looking to the construction of a line from Edmonton to the Yukon. (The distance from Edmonton to
Teslin Lake is put at 1,137 miles.) There has been no survey as far as your
Committee is informed with the view of finding the most direct route from the
British Columbia seaboard to Atlin and Dawson, and the Committee suggest that
this is one of the chief objects to be attained, because the railway, when built, will
be in competition with the White Pass & Yukon Railway.
will be derived from a much lar
been exploited. The Committe
from Dawson to the British Coi
the  gold  proc
uction of the
anly increase  in
amount, but
at which has up
to the present
irly direct   line
can  be built
vel and transport
ation from the
Canadian Yukc
n, would fol-
r season to the s
ea journey to
ge ride to White
Horse.   The
> reduc
the r
mum of water transportation would command the bulk of business, owing to the
peculiar conditions ofthe country to be served. The Committee therefore regard,
as an essential feature of the undertaking, that the most direct line possible should
be obtained from Dawson to the British Columbia coast.
It is
inch of the j
o the Dease
osed dire
part of the Mackenzie river system. The region which these waterw
known to be rich in mineral. Deposits of gold-bearing gravel are many and
ficiently valuable to richly repay operations carried on with machinery, but
cost of transportation is at present so great that people are deterred from g
into the country. There are many known deposits of copper, gold, silver
lead ores ; also coal deposits, and indications of petroleum are very strong.
veloping.    The climate is far from being a serious drawback ; the  winters b. ivfall is light and there is an absence of
In regard to the claim that the Coast .
submitted that there can c
very large amount of bush
: cities of British Columbia lj
ith the trade of the northern
d two opinions. These cities have al
from the fact that owing to conditions,
:d, Seattle and other United States p
the trade of Dawson.      The same thing
olumbia. It is not suggested that a spi
itablishment of the great lines of trans
flings being equal; the people who ar
it in any part of Canada should hai
iment projects affecting the territory to
or trade.    The Coast cities of British C
with those
by be built
e fact that
interest of
that i
Another consideration which may be advanced in favor of a line from a
British Columbia seaport is that it is desirable for the welfare of Canada that there
should be a north and south line of communication along the western frontier of
the Dominion, from the farthest northern point at Dawson to Victoria at the most
commercial ones. Owing to the character of the British Columbia coast line, it
. is impossible to construct a railway near the sea joining the termini of the
Canadian Pacific, the proposed Grand Trunk Pacific and any other line that may
do this, and such a line of communication would materially advance the business
interests of the whole Pacific coast of Canada, as well as cement the several coast
communities together.
why the
1 of an all-Canadian
it  the  hands  of the
The Committee a  APPENDICES. 59
Fifth Congress of Chambers of Commerce of the Empire.
lent and Members ofthe
a Board of Trade :
I Gentlemen,—Your Special Committee appointed to draft a series ofresolu-
ions for presentation to the Fifth Congress of Chambers of Commerce of the
Empire expressive of the views of this body on subjects of importance to the com-
nerce of Great Britain and her Colonies, respectfully report as follows :
re to place on record their approval of
seph  Chamberlain,   Secretary for the
That the Victoria Board of Tra
he policy of the Right Honours
'olonies, in so far as it contemplate
lire with the Colonies and with nations that have practically shut British and
folonial goods out of their markets by the adoption of hostile tariffs ; and we
hall hail with satisfaction the  acceptance  of Mr. Chamberlain's  policy  as an
t this Board, while tendering a hearty welcome to the Congress, regret
time at the delegates' disposal will not permit of their extending their
to the Northwest Coast, where the wonderful resources of that promis-
on  can only be understood and appreciated  by a  personal  visit  and
That this Board is strongly of opinion that there should be passed at the next
ession a Dominion Bankruptcy Law, present conditions being most unfavorable
:t  of the adoption of thai
be extended to the
by the Dominion of
That in the opinion of this Board there should be as little delay as possible
n the settlement of the Alaskan Boundary dispute so as to avoid the possibility of
riction between Great Britain and the United States, and to hasten the develop-
nent of the vast resources of the territories that lie on either  side  of the line in
That the importance ofthe Oriental trade to Great Britain and the Color
nnot be_too highly estimated, and this Board ask the Congress to urge on
iperial  Government  the  preservation of the open door policy with China -
All of which is respectfully s
Adopted 3rd August, 1903. VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
To President and Council, Victoria Board of Trade :
Gentlemen,—Your Committee on Manufactures beg to report 'having considered the communications from the Vancouver Board of Trade dated May 5th,
in regard to placing a duty on lumber entering Canada from the United States.
Your Committee recommend that the Dominion Government be urgad to
immediately put a duty upon such lumber equal to that levied upon Canadian
lumber when exported to the United States. If this course is not adopted, a
serious depression will prevail in the lumber industry throughout British Columbia.
All of whic
■tfully s
WM. MUNSIE, Chairm
W.  H. BONE,
Pure Foods Act.
prepared at pres
S',— Your Committee recc
Fruit Growers' Associatio
" Pure Food Act"  by
mmend that  the  Board  endorse  th
he Dominion Government, but are no
ion of the resolution asking a refund 0
All of whicl
is respectfully submitted.
Adopted 15
h April, 1904.
WM. MUNSIE, Chairman.
the low prices quoted on these a
image of the pure article,
3 the interests of the   manufacti
)ublic generally are thereby injur APPENDICES.
Therefore b
sentatives of Brit
the Government
it resolved that this Association  urgently  requests-the
sh Columbia in the Dominion House to use their influen
n securing the immediate enforcement of '' The' Pure Fooc
ce with
s Act." "
And further
dustry of this cou
enabling them to
this end the duty
for holding cann
be it resolved that this Association r
on Government to extend to the frui
ntry the same system of aid already
buy their raw material at the lowest
on sugar used in canning and preser
d or preserved fruit be remitted.
.pectfully but most strongly
xtended other industries, by
possible cost, and that to.
ving and on packages used
FTAWA,  May 2!st,
F. Elworthy, Es
q., Secret
try Board of Trade, Victor
'a, B. C. :
Dear Sir,—I beg to acknowledge the receipt o
addressed to the Hon. the Minister of Agriculture, fo
tion of the Fruit Growers' Association and  Exchang
enforcement of the Adulteration Act.
•warding a copy of a
e,   Limited,  relative
rd inst.
to the
In reply the
enforce the prov
jellies, as well as
reto, I beg to state that it is the inte
sions of the Act quoted as  respec
ition of this Depart
t adulteration  of ja
Yours ver
y truly,
Deputy Mii
Defence of Empire
Whereas ret
ceeded by a Con
appeared in the press to the effect that after the com-
n of Rear Admiral Bickford, C.M.G., he will be suc-
md the strength of the fleet reduced,
And whereas Esquim
lit has been the headquarte
rs of the Pacific Stat
on and
Be it therefore resolved that this Board would respectfully direct the attention of the Dominion Government to this fact, and strongly urge upon the.
Dominion Government to take immediate steps to make such representations, to
the Imperial Government as will prevent if possible such contemplated change
taking effect. And that the Provincial Government be requested to communicate
with the Dominion Government accordingly.
Adopted 28th August, 1903. 62 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
Honourable Raymond Prefontaine, Minister of Marine and Fisheries, Ottawa :
heir hearty ap-
D pravi.
licy that could be adopted is more calcu-
itriotism of the Canadian people than that
■ou are a member, and while giving it our
Id respectfully venture to press upon your
■r, possessed by Victoria and Esquimalt for
s to be found here.
ive to offer for the establishment
weathers, a salubrious climate, safe
hber of men who would be glad to
themselves for service-a worthy
Yours faithfully,
ment of a
of theme
oria,    British
leral House of APPENDICES.
nister of Marine and Fisheries of Can
Ottawa, 8th Apri
L,   1904-
F. Elworthy
', Esq., Board of Trade Building, Victoria, B. C. :
Dear Sir,—I have to thank you for your letter of the 2nd instant, in which
you inform me of the appreciation of the Victoria Board of Trade of the proposition to establish a Canadian Naval Reserve, and also enclosing copy of a resolution ofthe Victoria, British Columbia, Branch of the Navy League referring to
this subject.
Yours truly,
Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain's Policy.
(i.)   T
His Majestj
ned by Mr.
is is involved in the adoption of a commercial policy such
of common
rd of Trade heartily supports that policy,  and
the United Kingdom.
:d 20th Nov.
■mber,  .903.
Cabinet Representation.
claims   of
ed that this
British Colu
bivr/oS ,irs s_j_ <s _
repeat its re
Railway via Butte Inlet. BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
And whereas it is decided t
o construct a
fort Simpson, B. C,  the  term
nus of the se
nore southern point—possibly a
t Butte Inlet.
And whereas from time to time it has been urged that if a line be constructed
at or near Butte Inlet in this Province a strong effort should be made to obtain
an extension of the E. & N. Railway to the northern part of Vancouver Island to
make the necessary connection with the aforesaid line terminating at Butte  Inlet,
Be it therefore resolved that this Board of Trade heartily endorse the extension of the said E. & N. Railway and construction of a line from the east to
Butte Inlet. And that the various Boards of Trade of the neighbouring cities
and towns be asked to use every means to bring about the construction of the
said railroads to the various points aforesaid mentioned.
And it is further resolved that this Board of Trade appoint a committee to
enter into negotiations with railway companies interested, and to obtain full information on the subject, and to encourage the construction of the said railroads
having the above object in view, namely : having terminal points as above mentioned, and the said committee report to this Board at as early a date as possible.
Adopted 15th Janua
Preferential Trade with South Africa and Australia.
The Honourable the Minis
r of Trade and Com,
ce, Ottawa, Ont
Dear Sir,—This Board of Trade has long since been on record as
of preferential trade within the Empire, and it being understood that thei
a proposal for preferential treatment in the customs tariff in the Britis
Africa Colonies in favour of the Mother Country, it is desired to impn
your Government the importance of early negotiations with the Goverr
British South Africa Colonies, with the object of obtaining similar pre
treatment for Canada as may be accorded to Great Britain.
As you are well acquainted with the advantages which would accrue
consummation of such a policy,
ing your efforts in this direction may be
h South
:ss upon APPENDICES.
The Hon. the Minister of Traa
Sir,—By direction of the
erce, Ottawa,  Oi
d Council of this
ken of the reciprocal  arr
n of British South Africa.
As you  are  no  doubt
conversant with
Amendment and Tariff Act, a
nd Proclamatior
idered necessary  to enter
nto  details, but
ortance of your  Governmer
t promptly  av
ebates of duty.
South Africa imports large quantities of lun
has shipped there about fifteen million feet this ;
Sound Mills, however, exceed those from this P
the rebates of duty,  there is no  doubt  the
of Trade, I
rade which would result to
igements  provided by the
ent South African Customs
The shipments from Puget
ce ; but if our mills enjoyed
less  could be controlled by
At present the South African canned salmon trade is  almost  entirely in the
hands of Puget Sound or  Alaska Canners,   who by  their  cheaper methods of
- catching the fish are able to undersell the British Columbia packers. It is hoped
that your colleague, the Honourable Mr. Prefontaine, will recommend the granting of fish traps in our waters when he visits this coast in the near future.     The
- advantage which will thus accrue, together with the rebates of duty, would divert
the South African canned salmon trade into Canadian channels.
In the opinion of the Board, the
largely exceed the Canadian imports I
Board would strongly urge that no tir
being understood that the matter c
by an Order in Council.
| froi
Canada to South Africa would
rce, and for these reasons this
securing the rebates of duty, it
Canada is concerned, be settled
I am to further impress upon you the advantages which would i
similar reciprocal arrangements with Australia, and this Board would strongly
urge upon your Government the importance of making arrangements whereby the
Canadian-Australian trade may be developed to the fullest extent on such
preferential terms as are to be expected to exist within the Empire.
Lumber and fish are the principal industries of this coast, and South Africa
and Australia are most natural markets for such products. The advantage of
preferential trade would very soon result in the Canadian articles being firmly
established there, probably to the exclusion of similar supplies from other sources.
The lead which Canada has taken in bringing about the commercial consolidation of the Empire is already recognized and approved by those concerned, and
should not only serve as encouragement but also behooves the Dominion to main- 66 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
With every assurance that the importance of these matters is already fulh
appreciated, and the hope that early action will be taken looking to the consum
mation  of the ideal trade relations which should exist within the British Empire
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Yours faithfully,
' The Secretary of the Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade :
Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of yours of the 20th, in
re reciprocal arrangements with South Africa, and in reply I can only state that
Canada has on her part already taken all the steps necessary to secure the advantages ofthe " South African Convention."
It must necessarily be some little time before the matter can be brought
about, as each of the South African Colonies has to be consulted and a uniform
action taken before proclamation can issue with a view to extending treaty to
Canada or other Colonies. I can only assure you that everything has been done
that it is necessary for Canada to do on the subject. We have simply to bide our
time until a reply comes from South Africa.
With reference to reciprocal arrangements with Australia, I can only state
that  up  to the present time Australia has shown no disposition to enter into any
Deputy Mini
W. G. Parmalee, Deputy Minister Trade and Commerce, Ottawa :
I      Dear Sir,—Your  favour  of 28th   October  in regard to preferential trade
pleasure and satisfaction was expressed upon learning that the Dominion Government had that matter so well advanced. It is certain that when the arrangements
are completed, our exports of lumber and salmon will show substantial increases ;
hoped that your Government will press for  early  action  by the  South  African Ijjp^f*^**^  APPENDICES.
With regard to sin
.ilar prefer
ential arrangements v,
■ith Australia, it is noticed
that Australia has not j
■et shown s
iny disposition to ente
:r into such  negotiations,
but  the Council are in
doubt as t.
3 whether the Domini
ion Government has made
overtures in that directi
ion.    Whe
ther or not this has b,
sen done, the Board would
strongly urge the impoi
tance of ef
forts being made and
continued until a mutually
satisfactory arrangemen
t for an inl
:erchange of products
on preferential terms is
arrived at.
The Secretary ofthe B. C. Board of Trade, Victoria, B. C. :
Sir,—In the absence of the Deputy Minister, I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 7th instant. As you are no doubt aware, the
preferential agreement has been offered to South Africa, and doubtless it will be
but a short time before the consummation is finally brought about.
With reference to Australia, it is noted that you state that your Council are
in doubt as to whether the Dominion Government has made overtures in that
direction. The Australian Government is aware of Canada's offer. Clause 17, as
you know, reads as follows : " When the Customs Tariff of any country admits
the products of Canada on terms which on the whole are favourable to Canada as
articles which are the growth, produce or manufacture of such country when imported direct therefrom may then be entered for duty or taken out of warehouse
for consumption in Canada at the reduced rates of duty provided in the Reciprocal
Tariffs set forth in Schedule D to this Act."
You are no doubt aware of the Reciprocal offer made in Schedule D of the
Tariff of 1897. As yet the Australian Government has not expressed any desire
to avail themselves of Canada's offer.
. C. S. O'HARA,
Sealing: Industry.
To His Most Excellent Majesty Edward VII., by the Grace of God
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India :
The petition of the Victoria Sealing Company, Limited, of Victoria, in the
Province of British Columbia, in the Dominion of Canada :
That your petitioners are a British Company, incorporated under the laws
of the Province of British Columbia, Canada, for the purpose of engaging in and
carrying on the business of fur sealing and fishing in the waters of the Pacific
Ocean and Behring Sea ;
That your petitioners are the owners of nearly all the British schooners or
vessels engaged in the said fur sealing and fishing in the said waters ;
That by Article 2 ofthe Award of the Tribunal of Arbitration constituted under
the treaty concluded at Washington on the 29th day of February, 1892, between
Her late Majesty the Queen ofthe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
and the United States of America, your petitioners are prohibited from killing, capturing or pursuing, in any manner whatever, during the season extending each year
from the 1st of May to the 31st of July, both inclusive, fur seals on the high seas
in the part of the Pacific Ocean, inclusive of the Behring Sea, which is situated to
the north of the 35th degree of north latitude, and eastward of the 180th degree of
longitude from Greenwich till it strikes the water boundary described by Article I
ofthe Treaty of 1867 between the United States of America and Russia^ and following that line up to Behring Straits ;
That by Article 6 of the said Award,.your petitioners are p'rohibited from the
use of nets, fire-arms and explosives in the fur seal fishing in Behring Sea ;
That by Article 9 of the said Award, the regulations determined by the said
award for the protection and preservation of the fur seals were to be submitted
every five years to a new examination, so as to enable both interested Governments to consider whether, in the light of past experience, there should be
occasion for any modification thereof;
That for several years last past, Japanese vessels have been engaged in the
said fur seal hunting and fishing business in the said waters of the Pacific Ocean
and Behring Sea, and the number of such vessels has increased year by year;
That the said Japanese vessels observe no close season for the taking of fur
seals in the waters described in Article 2 of the said Award, and they freely use
fire-arms and explosives at all times within the waters of Behring Sea and else- APPENDICES. 69
That by the use of fire-arms and explosives by the Japanese in the taking of
fur seals, the seals are frightened and made wild, and it is  almost  impossible for
the hunters on British vessels to approach within sufficient distance of the seals to '
take them by the means permitted under the terms of the said Award ;
That owing to the close season in Behring Sea establisned by Article 2 ofthe
said Award, and the prohibiting of the use of fire-arms by Article 6, the Japanese
sealers have an unfair advantage over your petitioners in the hunting and taking
of fur seals, and the seals have lost the benefit of the protection intended to be
conferred by the said Articles of the said Award ;
Your petitioners therefore pray that the said regulations be submitted to a
new examination, with a view of eliminating the said Articles 2 and 6 of the said
Award, or of otherwise modifying the same so as to place your petitioners on an
equal footing with the Japanese sealers in the hunting and taking of fur seals.
And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, etc.
Dated at Victoria, British Columbia,, Canada, this fifteenth day of October,
The hearty support  of the Board was pledged by the Council at a meeting
Resolved:—Whereas, the Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade has
reason to believe that powerful influence, alien in sympathy and character, is
the abolishment of pelagic sealing under the British flag;  and
Whereas, the sealing industry being of great importance as a source of
revenue to the City of Victoria, its abolishment would prove a serious blow to the
Be it therefore resolved—That the Victoria, British Columbia, Board of
Trade does hereby urge upon the Imperial,Dominion and Provincial Governments
the necessity of fostering, safeguarding and perpetuating the sealing industry, and
that this Board most earnestly protests against consideration being given to any
proposals whatever that shall tend to the abolishment of the rights of pelagic sealing to British subjects;
Be it further resolved—That copies of this preamble and resolution be sent to
Richard McBride, and to each Vic
jvernments, and that the Provinc
o further safeguard the interests ol BRITISH   COLUMBIA
it be equally binding upon all who are engaged ii
rould further urge the necessity for the removal o
t present place British subjects on an unequal footing will
ions in the sealing industry •
t further resolved—That a "delegatio
be appointed t
1 and to report t.
this Board from
Adopted 4th December, 1903.
0 the Vi
toria, Br
■iiish Co
iof Trade:
ee appoi
nted  to
it to the Bills of Sale Ac
as now exi
for an ir
debtor t
0 leg
bill of sale of hi
stock i
l trade,
is follows
it  has
nade  e
as te
various Provinces of Canada, and that it finds that in the Province of
Quebec chattel mortgages are null and void, and that in the other Provinces they
,are limited by Acts passed for the purpose.
Your Committee has made careful enquiries into the law as at present existing
in this Province, and is of the opinion lhat it gives opportunities for the transfer
of property of a fraudulent character, or which give an undue, preference ; your
Committee believe that this state of affairs is prejudicial to the honest trader, and
injurious to his general credit, and in its opinion, the Assignment Act, Cap. 2,
1902, of the Province of Manitoba, meets many ofthe objections which have been
raised to the present B. C. Act, and would therefore recommend that the Government be requested to introduce legislation similar to the following sections of the
said Act :
Sec. 2. Mineral Production of British Columbia. VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
Amount and Value of Mineral Products for 1902 and 1903. •
Gold, placer	
Production of Mineral by Districts and Divis
540,395 S      475,200
Placer Gold.
Table V cont
by the returns, sei
them lo the mints
ing Recorders. '
1878, from then te
considered to repr
f placer gold to date, a
;s companies, of gold ti
• the Gold Commission
ne-third. was added  u APPENDICES.
1874 $1,844,618
1090 $    490,435
1S91  429,811
1892  399.526
1893  356,131
1894  405,5l6
1895  481,683
1896  544,026
1897  513,520
1898  643,346
1899  1,344,900
1900  1,278,724
1901  970,100
1902   1,073,140
1903  1,060,420
Total $65,688,103
S96, Geological Sur
5 of Lode Mines,
! Value'
*9 216
$   "
Nil' '
1,244,1 0
3,135,3 i
2,201,2 7
19 k:
Production in Detail of the Metalliferous
1   |  GoLn-PLAcER.  j    GoL--Lo_,
Va.„e.    Ounces.'
$    -   1
Cariboo Division	
I-, 11
Atlin Lake Division
 ioo     "'&S
East kLThIv ViSi°nS	
3s!^|  ™
For.'e Division	
393-|  1;^
4 939
Ne'SOn              "     	
|||      ':x>
•"".•^ooo t\t
Trail Creek      "      	
All other Divisions	
(Revelstoke, Trout Lake,  Lar-
1.692!          .00
Sp |j
3'.652        I,*)'
?M  %
(Grand   Forks,.   Greenwood   and
•sZj" 50.358
- 5.00c   *&
998.999     S3,6S7
'•=86. ,76     53.02,
$V,^',42o "32$!
Mines fob 1902 and 1903.
Va.ue.        .902.    j
,902. 1 .903.
$          |          $                       $
            540.395          475.20
•     '440.000
'" "'«■'
6,258             728
2041652     1m9° "
37^742 •
11,667,807 1,356,966
.,000              ..6
I4.955.582    1.739.334
18,485.542    2,446,561
ri? si
V*>.&\    gggj
6.409               848
Ifgi 5q
$68q;744 ;
ded in Placer Gol< ioo,46o
• • 3,504,582
$60,349,694 Table Showing Dist
N   l903
East Kootenat :
Sr    Total .....•....'...!'.
I have to thank Mr. E. J. Hearn, of Duncans, for the interesting report on
the Tyee and other claims in the Cowichan and surrounding districts.
Tyee Mine, Mount Sicker.—The work on the property of the Tyee Copper
Company, Ltd., at Mount Sicker has been very extensive during 1903. The
100-foot level has been extended a further 504 feet, making a total of 896 feet.
The 165-foot level has also been extended 494 feet, and is now 695 feet in, and
the  300-foot  level  611   feet, making 636 feet.    The work done during the year
d the.
on. The undergro
extent, and the ore
to the east boundar 7_ VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD  OF  TRADE.
50,000 tons of ore have been shipped to the Tyee smelter at Ladysmith, and
recently the capacity of the tram has been doubled, so as to keep pace with the
output of the mine. Further timber lands have been purchased from the E. &
N. Railway, and the company now holds 600 acres, conveniently situated for
hauling the tirrfber to the mine. The smelter at Ladysmith has worked most
successfully during the year under review. During the 12 months, 42,000 tons of
Tyee ore were treated, producing 4,498 tons of matte, containing 5,604,474 lbs. of
copper, 121,932 ozs. of silver, and 6,620 ozs. of gold, the value of which, after
deducting refining charges, amounts to $562,890; and in addition to this a large
tonnage of custom ores has been treated.
Note by the Provincial Mineralogist.—A. full report of this company's mine and smelter will be found in the Report for 1902. The following extracts from the report of the mine superintendent, Mr. E. C. Musgrave, to the
Directors in April, 1903, give an idea of the cost of mining in this camp :
Wages paid.
Underground : —
Machine miners  $3 50 per day of  8 hours.
Miners (hand drillers)      3 00      "
Timbermen      325      "
Muckers and trammers         250      "
Above-ground :—
mechanics, hoist-engineers and blacksmiths      350      " 9
Surface hands (white)      2 50      " 10
Cost of Mining per Ton of Ore Shipped.
Sloping   $1-359 per ton.
Proportion for exploration 499      ''
Surface work 124     "
Transportation to railway (serial tram) 150   -
Total cost of ore delivered at E. & N. Railway $2.173
The total amount of development work done during the (fiscal) year has been :
Drifting, 1,095 feet ; cross-cutting, 511 feet; sinking, 193 feet; upraising, 319
feet. The average costs per lineal foot have been: Drifting, $9.15; cross-
cutting, $6.77; sinking, $18.31 ,* upraising, $11.59.
The total tonnage of ore delivered to the smelter during the period under
review was 21,565 tons, of which 20,688J£ was first-class ore, and 877 tons copper bearing schists (for flux). Of the ore, 2,930 tons were sent from the dump
and 17,758^4 tons from the mine. The assay values of the ore are given in the
report of the smelter. APPENDICES.                                                           79
Smelter  Report.—The report of the manager of the smelter at Ladysmith,
Mr. Thos. Kiddie, is exceedingly interesting from a  metallurgical standpoint, as
-   showing the practical results obtained in smelting an ore  carrying over  35% of
barium sulphate, a problem, as far as can be learned, not met with outside of this
camp.    The following figures show the results of the first few months run on this
ore, which, as just intimated, is unique in character, and concerning which no pre-
1_      vious results were obtainable as a guide ; consequently, as must be recognized, the
work was largely experimental:—
Ore Receipts from September 22nd, 1902, to April 30th, 1903.
(fines).:   5,173-785    "
Total                                                              20 234 uo    "
The average assay of this ore was:-
Copper (wet assay) 4.43%
Gold 0.12
Other receipts were as follows :—
Coke 2,346      "
Burnt Ore.—The average analysis of the burnt ore delivered to  the  smelter
was as follows :—
Barium sulphate   34.08 "
Lime    3.46 %
Silica 22.51 "
Combined sulphur     7-42"
Total sulphur 13.86 "
During the last quarter of the year, (fiscal) the burnt ore showed on  analysis
an increase  of:—Iron,   1.86%; zinc,   0.93%; barium  sulphate,   7.66%;   lime,
0.5%; combined sulphur, 0.54% ; and a decrease in silica of 11.49%.
Smelting Operations.—-The furnace "blew in " on the 16th December, 1902,
and had run 107 days (of 24 hours) and smelted as follows :— VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUIV
-16,091.465 tons
Burnt ore 13.853.841
Green ore   2,237.624    "    J1
Schist  539-636 '''
Silica flux  774-687 "
Slag  338.108 "
Ironore  301.653 *'
Matte  963.818 "
Total mixture 19,009.367 "
150.387 tons  of ore,   or   177.657   tons  mi;
:6 7.428, or of coke used to burden 1 to 8.77;
The matte produced in 107 days' run amoi
average assay of: Copper, 41.95% (dry);
1.483 ozs. per ton.    The yield per ton of ore \
Copper (dry).3.63 per cent.,    valued at
Silver 2.57 ozs. per ton,     "
Yield value per ton of ore	
Stags.—The following is the average an
Copper ■	
er,   29.67 ozs. per ton; gold,
.5   cts. prlb.=$ 8.349
•OP        proz.=     2.576
is of the slags produced :—
Silica 28.79
Zinc oxide 10.43      "
Barium oxide .. ^ 30. c.5      "
Experience and experiments with the ore have materially improved the prac
tice.    Mr. Kiddie has kindly  furnished  me with the following absolute average
figures of the results of the last six months'  work.      He  says, under  date  29th
April, 1904 :—
"Answering yours of the 27th instant, I herewith enclose a statement cover
ing the smelter operations during the last six months.     During this time the fur
nace was in blast 123 days of 24 hours each, an average of 20 days per month, and
smelted  30,703 tons  of material, of which 28,290 tons were ore, making a daily
average of 249.6 tons of material and 230 tons of ore per day, from which we
shipped in the form of matte, 2,275,997 pounds of-copper, 72,207%S ounces of sil
ver, and 4,592.18 ounces of gold.    A general analysis of the burnt ore used  dur
ing this period is as follows :—
Fe %.         ,    SiO„.              Zn %.              BaS04 %.              S (in Sulphides) %.
II.45   ••••   I9.36   ••••   6.97     ....     38.87          ....              6.56 APPENDICES. *
Au. oz.   Ag. oz.
Cu %.   per ton.   per ton.    FeO %.    ZhO %.    BaO %.   CaO %.   SiO..   Al,Oa %.    MgO %.
• 37 — .12 — Trace.—17.68 — 6.44 — 26.16 — 7.92—33.34— 10.75 — Trace.
" The improvement in the slag assays for copper over the previous year is
due in part to the increased settling capacity of the receivers at the furnace; in
part to a reduction in the specific gravity in the slags by the admixture of suitable
fluxing ores, which were not procurable in the earlier stages of our operations ; in
part to the lesser amount of ZnO in the slags, as a result ofthe admixture of other
ores referred to ; and in part to altered furnace practice, as a result of experiment
with such ores. The specific gravity ofthe mattes was between 4.7 and 5.0, and
of the slags between 3.6 and 3.8.
" Of the total ore smelted, 62.8 per cent, was burnt ore,   22  per cent,   raw  ■
sulphide ore, and 15.2 per cent, raw custom ore—or 62.8 per cent, burnt ore and
37.2 per cent, raw ore, from which a shipping matte of from  40  to 45 per cent.
copper was produced in one smelting operation.    Comparing the furnace work of
previously given), it will be seen that the capacity ofthe furnace has been raised
from 177 tons to 249.6 tons, an increase of 72.6 tons per day.
The Vancouver Island Mining and Development Co., Ltd.
This company, the offices of which are in London, Eng., has recently secured
the option for two years on a large group of claims on Mount Sicker to the east
ofthe Tyee, and work has been commenced on the Westholme claim. Suitable
machinery has been purchased, including air compressor and drills, hoisting engine, &c, so that the development ofthe property will be pushed forward with
expedition and economy. It is the intention to sink a shaft to a depth of at least
500 feet, and to thoroughly explore the ground. The necessary buildings, &c.,
are now being erected, and the coming spring should see the work in full swing.
Richard III'.—The Richard III. Mining Co's property which lies to the east
of the Tyee mine, has been vigorously developed during 1903, with most encouraging results. The president and manager is Mr. C. H. Dickie, and the
superintendent, Mr. W. C. Rannalls. During the year the shaft, which has two
compartments, has been sunk to a depth of 500 feet, with a 10-foot sump. Five
levels have been run, the amount of driving being 1,180 feet, with 354 feet of
cross-cuts, and upraises 137 feet, making a total of 2,181 feet. This work has
been done at a cost of under $iq per foot, including buildings, hoisting engine
and boiler, and all executive expenses. Ore has been found on each level, but
the best values so far have come from the 500-foot level, from whence a ton
of ore was taken and shipped to the Tyee smelter, at Ladysmith, as a trial shipment. This gave a result of 3.29 per cent, copper, .66 gold and 25.85 ounces
silver per ton. The work is being energetically pushed on, and the executive
hope to commence shipping ore to one of the local smelters by the middle of '
January (1904).
The Lenora mine will be found fully reported on in last year's Report, since
which time there are no new developments of importance.    A large proportion of ' 82 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
the dump was sent to the Crofton smelter and work has been carried on in a small
A number of promising claims have been staked in this district, and on some
a fair amount of work has been done on iron-capped, copper-bearing material.
The copper-bearing zones appear to run along the contact of an eruptive rock and
limestone, the latter containing in places considerable quantities of volcanic
breccia-and ash.
The W. A. E. claim, on the Koksilah river bank, has been prospected by
two large open cuts, put in on a vein of quartz carrying zinc and copper, apparently at the contact of the chert and limestone, as shown in the No. I cut by
the river. In the No. 2 cross-cut, however, about 600 feet distant, a dyke of very
decomposed eruptive rock has been exposed, lying parallel and close to the vein,
which in this cut shows hardly any quartz, the copper being found in garnet rock
with actinolite and epidote. An assay of this ore gave a result of 26 per cent.
copper and $1 gold per ton.
The Wallace and Coppar Hill claims are situated to the west of the W. A.
E., away from the river, but on parallel lines, and show copper at chert and
grano-diorite contacts.
The Blue Bell claim lies about one mile west from the Koksilah river, and is
owned by Messrs. Maclay & Ryan. More work has been done on this claim
than on those previously mentioned, a tunnel having been driven in a distance of
60 feet. This was commenced on a strong iron capping, which, on being broken
into, disclosed a small but very rich vein of chalcopyrite lying rather flat. This
e distance, but appears to be dipping easterly,
; not carried straight but has a bend towards
icular on the east wall. Assays from here
h low values in gold and silver.
ns the roof of the tunnel for so
t the end of the tunnel, which
east, the vein is nearly perpen
e given 29 per cent, copper, w
Another  claim,   the  Solomo
e Bell on the west, also shows
,  held
>y  the same partie
crop of chalcopyr
and adjoining the
iron capping.
The Dora and Mabel claims lie to the north-west of and adjoining the Blue
Bell, and are both located on a large showing of deep red and brown decomposed
iron-bearing rock, in places covered with an iron cap composed of soil and grave
cemented together with the iron, and in other places decomposed for two feet ir
depth into soft limonite-looking material. Limestone outcrops are found on the
Mabel claim, near the contact of the grano-diorite ; pyrolusite and specular iron,
both float and in place, are also found on this claim. A small open cut on the
Mabel, through the iron cap and near the limestone, shows copper-bearing rock,
but a considerable amount of work would be required to prove what underlies this
- extensive outcrop of mineralized rock. The face of the mountain here is very
steep, and one foot in two could be gained by tunnelling. Assays of ore from
this claim have given 12.32 per cent, of copper.
' The prospects so far opened up in this district have been most  encouraging,
and fully warrant further expenditure of labour and money. Salmon Canning Industry.
Fish Traps,  Victoria, B. 0.  APPENDICES.
Canadian Sealing Catch, J903.
-  Schooner.
' Copper
Annie E. Paint	
Allie I. Algar	
City of San Diego	
Carlotta G. Cox	
Dora Siewerd	
Indian Canoes	
Total seal skins.. .
Total Canadian Catch for
% if
1   -"£'
1 |ll
1 ifiJi <yiij
0       1
1    3
*J<2 2
S, :
8               1
3            a
•fj   i
• •    i
Q    *'$$>&'$■■
. 3> S«ls lilHf'f
s slf&'UlUjt glil :?miH :!l
• ! i I --: i ;   ' CTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
-Shipping*—Vancouver Island.
Statement of vessels employed in the coasting trade of the Dominion of
Canada, arrived at and departed from the undermentioned ports during the year
ending 30th June, 1904 :
Vessels Arrtved. Vessels Departed.
Ladysmith      705       91,679       5,939 671       86,352 5,635
Victoria 1,977      797,321      46,435 2,011      871,182       49,090
Chemainus      115 6,758 740 127 8,108 825
a during year ending June 30, 1904 :
Vessels ente
for sea duri
,g year en
ling June
30, 1904 :
W,™ Cargo
In Ballast.
Chemainus	 Inland Revenue Collections for the Fiscal Year Ended
June 30th, 1904, at Victoria.
Other receipts	
782 49
236 25
Victoria Customs Returns.
linese. Other Rev. Don
S 63,18. 57     I 63.*
63,666 48 47.3:
Victoria Post Office Statistics. VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
Shipments by Sea of Lumber from Chemainus Mills
30th June,
United Kingdom and Continent...
South Africa	
e.e:J \
8,873, #4
Shipments by Rail to the Northwest Territories
Vancouver Island Timber Limits.
The principal timber limits and the great bulk of the timber are located as
Running up the valleys of the Cowichan, Chemainus, Nanaimo, Englishes, Little Qualicum, Big Qualicum, Comox, Oyster, Campbell, Salmon,'
iams and Nimkish Rivers, and French and Black Creeks, and along other
earns and tributaries Of the foregoing rivers, and in the Alberni Valley.  VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
Health of Victoria City.
he Medical He,
excellent health of Victoria cannot be otherwise than a matter for con]
It is worthy of note that the death rate for 1901 was 12.33, while 'his
creased to 10.09 per 1,000."
Death Ra-
Bristol, En-
1,000 in Some Laroe Cities !
. 16.7     Edinburgh, Scotland	
Dr. Bryce in " The Climate and Health Resorts
of Canada,"
says:    "In
this country," from the south of Vancouver Island to
the Queen Ch
arlotte Island
" the fruits of temperate climates grow well, and farr
n animals live
out doors t
year round.    The rich.bottoms of the Fraser delta ha
amous for the
great hay crops and pasture lands ; but here the ex
treme of rain
all is met, tV
mean for six years being 59 66 inches at New Westn
inster.    The
great Island of Vancouver, running north-west across
two degrees of latitude, presents every variety fromt
at Esquimalt, a very low daily range and no annuale
ature in two years being 8 degrees F., the lowest mo
grees F., and the highest in summer being 82 degree
F.—to  that
as above  A
berni on the West Coast, where the Vancouver ran
to a plateau
4,000 feet, and even to 7,500 feet in Victoria Peak."
"Apart from the mineral wealth of Vancouver I
sland, its clin
ate, with eve
variation possible, becomes most attractive.    Its seas
s  milder tha
many parts of England, with less rain and less seasor
al variations.
B. C.
There are many beautiful localities in this grand
bia,  and the general healthiness of the various clima
ic conditions
throughout t
whole of its extensive boundaries, is a point on which
there is  an
universal co
sensus of favourable opinion. Hunting and
Fishing along
E. and N. Ry.,
Near Victoria.  APPENDICES. gi
Pre-eminent, however, for its natural beauty and its delightful climate, stands
Victoria, the "Queen City," the capital of the Province and the seat of its
Government. Situated at the south-eastern extremity of Vancouver Island, its
insular climate is considered to be the most delightful on the Pacific Coast, and
has been compared with that of the south of England.
" It is spoken of as England without its east winds, in reality it is Torquay
i n the Pacific ; a mild and even winter with rain and occasional snow, an eariy
spring, a dry and warm summer, and a bright and enjoyable atmosphere ; thunderstorms are seldom seen here, they can be heard in the interior, but are rarely
The situation of Victoria, sheltered by the Island mountain ranges, causes its
rainfall to be much less than that of the cities of Vancouver and New Westminster
on the adjacent Mainland. The greater portion of the moisture from the ocean
has been caught and condensed on the westward side of the Island ranges, and a
second heavy precipitation does not occur until the moisture-giving  winds strike
The following table, compiled from official returns, shows the precipitation
(rain and snow) in inches, for Victoria for the years 1902, 1903 and 1904 :
October ..
rage winter temperature (November-February)     40.65
rage summer temperature (June-August)     58.12
rage precipitation (rain and snow)     32.5 in
:  percentage of bright  sunshine  is  34  (100 equals constant.) Q2 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
The following comparison with British sunshine may be of interest :
Torquay     37     Stonyhurst     28
Eastbourne     36     York     27
Plymouth     35     London     25
Oxford     32     Edinburgh     25
" The rainfall is more seasonal than that of London though greater in amount.
From May to September is usually a period of small rainfall and bright skies at
Victoria, while in London the summer and winter rainfall is not very different,
and the percentage of bright sunshine from May to August at Victoria is largely
in excess of that of London."
The following table gives the average for the Province as -a whole :
Mean annual temperature  45.3
Average of highest temperature  90.9
Average of lowest temperature  "9.0 below zero.
Mean annual precipitation (rain or snow)  48.32 inches.
.  R. Smith, Temple Building.
W. A.
), Bastion
H. M
rg, 83 W
os. R.
1, Temple
os. R.
*i Temple
Abraham E. Smith, Govemme ip-
Scale of Commercial Charges.
Whenever no special agreement exists, the following shall be
On the purchase of stock, bonds, and all kinds of securities,
including the drawing of bills for the payment of the same
On sale of stocks, bonds, and of all kinds of securities, including remittances in bills and guarantee	
On purchase and sale of specie, gold dust and bullion	
collectible :—
■2%. per cent.
2^     i
2Yz       "
VA       "
2%.      "
5         "
5         "    '
2J4         "
For endorsing bills of exchange when desired	
On sale of produce, etc., from foreign ports, with guarantee..
On goods received on consignment and afterwards withdrawn
On goods received on consignment and afterwards returned by
On  purchase and  shipment  of merchandise,   with funds on
On purchase and shipment of merchandise, without funds, on
cost and charges	
For collecting and remitting delayed or litigated accounts	
For collecting freight by vessels from foreign ports, on amount
collected ..-'•• *	
For collecting general average, on the first $20,000.00, or any
For collecting general average on any excess over $20,000.00
On purchase and sale of vessels	
For '' Port Agency " to vessels with cargo or passengers  from
On vessels under 200 tons register $ 50.00
For procuring freight or passengers	
For chartering vessels on amount  of freight,   actual or estimated, to be considered as due when the " charter parties,"
or memorandum of their conditions, etc., are signed	
On giving bonds for vessels under attachment in litigated cases,
For landing and re-shipping goods from vessels in distress   on VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADI
For advancing on freight to be earned   5
For effecting marine insurance, on the amount insured    }
The foregoing commissions to be exclusive of brokerage, and-
every charge actually incurred.
Vessels to pay clerk hire and the labour on wharf, sorting and
The receipt of bills of lading to be  considered  equivalent  to >
receipt of goods.
Guarantee or security for contracts or liabilities  5
Acting as Trustee on assignments  5
On investments made on mortgage or otherwise  I
N. B.—Auctioneer's commission and brokerage to be charged
Land agents for commission on sale and purchase of real estate 5
Interest on advances for duty, freight and lighterage,  add on
it bank
draft n
i measurement goods, 50 cents per ton of forty cubic feet (40 c. ft.) On
goods, 50 cents per ton of 2,240 pounds. Or in either case the amount
y paid, if more. The consignee to have the option of charging by measure-
r weight.    Any fraction of a month to be charged as a month.
) Concerning the delivery of merchandise, payment of freight, etc. :
10 express stipulation exists per bill of lading, goods are to be considered
erable on shore.
) Freight on all goods to be paid, or secured to the satisfaction of the
or consignees of the vessel, prior to the delivery of the goods.
j After delivery to the purchaser of the goods sold, no claim for damage,
Icy or other cause shall be admissible after goods sold and  delivered  have
) When foreign bills of lading expressly stipulate lhat the freights shall
in a specific coin, then the same must be procured if required, or its
ent  given,   the  rate  to be determined by the current value at the time at
leld October 21st, 1898. APPENDICES.
Port Charges.
i anchor in  Royal  Roads, the
mployed, when Pilotage to the
actually en-
[uimalt Harbours (under sail) $3 00 per fool
" "        (steamers)       150      "
sel is bound to or from any other port in the Province, eithei
st, and does not discharge or receive any cargo, passengers 01
■ enters it as a harbour of refuge, such vessels shall be exempt
ito and out  of Esquimalt, excepting in  cases  where a Pilot is
by the Master for such services.
:rs, on the inward voyage the rate to be $1.00 per foot in, and $1.00 per
minal port in British Columbia or' Puget Sound), provided that they have
the Port of Victoria on their inward voyage, the rate to be 50 cents per
ind 50 cents per foot out • but if they have not called at said Port on the
foyage, then the full rate of $1.00 per foot is to be charged.
Esquimalt Graving* Dock.
1. Length of dock to gate, 450 feet, level with keel blocks.
2. Width of gates, 65 feet.
3. Depth of water varying from 27   feet to 29 feet 6 inches at springs,
according to season of year.
The use of the dock will be subject to the following tariff, viz.:
For all vessels above 2,000 tons
All fractional parts of 50 tc
■i Up to 2,000 tons, and 2 cents per
I     ton on all tonnage above 2,000.
tnted and paid for as 50 tons. <fO VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BQARD   OF   TRA:
Esquimalt Marine Railway.
Cradle, length   300 feet.
Beam     60    "
For scale of charges, apply to the Manager, W. F. Bullen, Victoria, B. C.
Victoria Machinery Depot Co., Ltd.
Cradle, length   280 feet.
Beam     69 ft. 2 i
For scale of charges, apply to the Company, Victoria, B. C.
British Columbia Marine Railway Co.
Cradle, length   180 feet.
For scale of charges, apply to the Manager, Victoria, B. C.


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