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Thirtieth annual report of the Victoria British Columbia Board of Trade : together with various appendices,… Victoria (B.C.). Board of Trade 1909

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Array 
Thirtieth Annual Report
Victoria 
British Columbia
Board of Trade
VICTORIA, B. C.

1909    Thirtieth Annual Report
VICTORIA
BRITISH COLUMBIA
BOARD OF TRADE
TOGETHER WITH VARIOUS APPENDICES, LIST OF MEMBERS,
OFFICE BEARERS.
COMMERCIAL CHARGES, ETC.
Office: Board of Trade Building, Victoria, B. C.
OCTOBER,   1909
INCORPORATED OCTOBER 28th,   1678
The Colonist Printing and Publishing Co., LTD.
1909. CONTENTS
Analyses ofthe Iron Ores or
of British Columbia	
Imports of Iron and Steel...
The Production of Copper o
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES AND RESOLUTIONS
ILLUSTRATIONS Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade
OFFICERS,   1909-1910
B. C. Mess C. F. Todd
J. A. Mara H. B. Tho.v
A. W. McCurdy John A. Tni
BOARD  OF  ARBITRATION
A. C. Flumerfelt H.  A. Mots
C. A. Holland T. W. Pate
D. R. Ker J. W. Trot.
G. A. Kirk B. Wilson
COMMITTEES :
TRADE, COMMERCE AND TRANSPORTATION
MANUFACTURES
A. T. Monteith (Chairman)       W. T. Andrews [CTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE
AGRICULTURE
FINANCE
MINING
,-artha-James (Chairman)     J. B
J.   KINGHAM (Cha
PUBLIC WORKS AND RAILWAYS
nan) H. B. Thomson
i Nelson F. W. Vinc
HARBORS AND NAVIGATION
RAILWAY FREIGHTS
J. J. Shallcross (Chairman) Geo. Carte
CITY AFFAIRS
S. J.  Pitts (Chairman) R. S. Da*
A. W. Knight A.
A..P. Luxton
LEGISLATION
W. L. Challoner (Chan-map) A. W. Bridgman W. G. Cameron
Lindley Crease E. M. Johnson
PILOTAGE
George Carter (Chairman) T. W. Paterson F. A. Pauline
H. B. Thomson H. G. Wilson
AUDITORS
E. E. Billinghurst William E. Laird Geo. W. Mitchell Officers of the Chamber of Commerce, of Victoria, Vancouver Island
fficers of the Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade
b N. Todd, j.
irt Ward, J. I
srt Ward, J. 1
J.MoQuade.::
3. McQuade...
1906-7...
1907-8...
1908-9...
. Edgar Crow
masB!]
!. Flume
!. Plume
!. Renou
:. Renou
Leiser..
. L.GiMcQu!
. C.F.Todd..
.  C.F.Todd..
S.J.Pitts..
.  W. T. Olivei
J. A. Mara..
. F. A. Paulii
!  L. A.Genee
F. Elworthy
F. Elworthy
F. Elworthy
F. Elworthy
F. Elworthy
F. Elworthy
F. Elworthy
F. Elworthy
F. Elworthy MEMBERSHIP  ROLL
Slant Powder Co
Barn
lobetv.
t-Law.
Barnard, F. S     B. C. Electric Ry. Co . . Managing Director.
Barnsley, John     Boscowitz S. S. Co  Manager.
Baxter, C. S  Customs Broker.
Beasley,  H. E     E. & N. Ry  Superintendent.
Beckwith, J. L  Commission Agent.
Bell, H. P., Campbellford, Onl  Civil Engineer.
Betterron, C. L     B. F. Graham Lumber Co. Manager.
Billinghurst, E. E     B. C. Development Co .. Agent.
Bodwell, E. V     Bodwell & Lawson    Barrister-at-Law.
Boggs, Beaumont  Real Estate.
Bone, W. H     Hibben & Co  Stationery, etc.
Brenchley, R. H     F. R. Stewart & Co  Wholesale Fruits, et
Bridgman, A. W  Real Estate and Ins
Bullen, H. F     B. C. Marine Ry. Co.... Ship Builder.
Bullen, W. F     B. C. Marine Ry. Co.... Ship Builder.
Burns, G. H  Insurance, etc.
Butchart, R. P     Vane. Portland Cem't Co. Managing Director.
c
Cameron, W. G  Clothier.
Campbell, Angus     Campbell & Co  Ladies' Outfitter.
Campbell, D. E '  Chemist.
Carlin, M  Merchant.
Carter, Geo     Geo. Carter & Son, Ltd.. Com. Merchant.
Catterall, Thomas j  Contractor and Buii
Challoner, W. L      Challoner & Mitchell.... Jeweller, etc.
Christie, G. D     Paterson Shoe Co  Manager.
n     C. P. R. Telegraphs  Manager.
Clendenning, F. H      E. & N. Railway  D. F. A. Day, R. S..
Deaville, Jn.
Doig, D.  ..
Manager.
rts  & Taylor        Bai
wnig'n Lake Lum. Co.    Ma
. B. C, Bd. of Trade    Sec
D	
. C	
.     Heisterman & Co. .
Sr	
.    W. S. Fraser & Co.
.    Robert Ward & Co.
Ltd.
Genge, L. A	
....    R. P. Rithet & Co	
Merchant.
Gibb, 1. S	
     Imperial Bank of Canada
Manager.
GiffenJ. B. (Vancou
ver).    R. G. Dun & Co.	
Manager.
Goodacre, Lawrence
....    Queen's Market	
Proprietor.
Goward, A. T	
....     B. C. Elec. Railway Co..
Manager.
Grant, Capt. Willian
H
Ship Owner.
Haldane, W. R..
...    C. P. Ry. (Vancouver)...
D. F. & P. A
Hall, J. A	
....    Victoria Chemical Co.. ..
Managing Dir
Hall. Richard	
Insurance, etc RIT1SH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
Hobson, J. B	
Holland, C. A....
Hooper, Thomas.
Dodwell & Co	
E. A. Harris & Co	
Drake, Jackson & H.,...
Hinton Electric Co......
B. C. Land & Invt. Agcy
Hooper & Watkins	
Barrister-at-Law.
Electrical Supplies
Mining Engineer.
Managing Directo
Architect.
Civil Engineer.
James, W. H. Tre
Jameson, W. A...
Johnson, E. M. ..
Jones, F. W	
Jones, Stephen...
B. C. Mining Re
Tyee Copper Co.
B. C. Sand and Gravel Co.
Dominion Hotel	
General
Teas and Coffee
Real Estate.
President.
King. C. R	
Commission Agent
Kingham, Joshua. ..
...    Kingham & Co	
Coal Dealer, etc.
Kirk, G. A	
...    Turner, Beeton & Co....
Merchant.
Knight, A. W	
L
Stationer and Booksellt
Laird, Wm. E	
Lawson, W. A	
...    R. P. Rithet & Co	
Insurance Dept.
Leiser, Max	
...    Pither & Leiser	
Wholesale Liquors.
Wholesale Grocer.
Lemon J. J	
...    Lemon & Gonnason	
Lumber Mills.
...    Wellington Colliery Co..
Auditor.
Loewenberg, C	
Loewenberg & Co	
Importer.
Lubbe, T	
...    Esquimalt Water Works..
Secretary.
Lugrin, C. H	
...    Colonist P. & P. Co	
Editor.
Luxton, A. P	
...    Pooley, Luxton & Pooley.
M
Barrister-at-Law.
Macklin, Herbert...
...    Simon Leiser & Co., Ltd.
Merchant.
Mara, J. A	
Merchant.
Marvin, E. B	
...    E. B. Marvin* Co	
Ship Chandler.
Matson, J. S. H.. ..
. ..    Colonist P. & P. Co	
Managing Director. BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BO.
fitchell Bros     Comi
I. C. Pottery Co     Mans let & Co., Ltd. Shipping Ager
Macaulay & Co. Commission A
     Plumber.
Ry. Co     Supt. B. C. Coast Ser.
iiry House, Finsbury Circus, London, Eng. Wallace, E. A	
Ward, Robt	
7oBasinghallSt., Lon
Welch, E. E	
B. C. Market Co ....
Wilkinson, C. H	
ii4 High Holborn, Lo
The B. Wilson Co ...
Wilson, H. G	
Wilson Bros	
Wilson, J. E	
W. & J. Wilson	
Wilson, Wm	
W. & J. Wilson	
Wood, T. A	
Honorary Member  ..
Wootton, E. E	
Wootton & Goward. .
Worsnop, T. H	
Can. Mexican S. S. Li
ie.
Wrisht. Andrew	  Thirtieth Annual Report
VICTORIA, BRITISH COLUMBIA, B8ABB OF TBABE
JULY 1st. 1908, TO JUNE 30th, 1909
To   the  Members   of  the   Victoria,   British   Columbia,   Board  of   Trade,
Victoria, B. C.:
Gentlemen:—Before reporting the business transacted
by this Board of Trade during the twelve months ending
30th June, 1909, it is desired to place on record the great
loss which the Board sustained in the removal by death of
the late Captain John G. Cox. He served continuously on
3rour Council from July, 1898,.to the date of his last short
illness, and freely gave his time, experience and good
judgment whenever called upon. Such a wide knowledge
of matters pertaining to shipping covering both maritime '
law and navigation as was possessed by the late Captain
Cox is seldom found in one individual.
Distinguished        In October, last, this Board was honored
Visitors by Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, President of
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company,
accepting a complimentary banquet. Members will doubtless recollect that in December, 1901, the Council, at that
time, appointed a special committee to endeavor to interest
Sir Thomas Shaughnessy in a proposal that his company
should build a first class hotel in Victoria. It was eighteen
months later when the  Committee reported success,  and ned. The occasion
isit to Victoria, in
1 was opened, gave
appreciation of the
VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOA
about six years before the hotel was op
of Sir Thomas Shaughnessy's annual
October last, his first visit since the hoi
the Board an opportunity to show thei
magnificent hotel'which his company had erected, which is
described by many visitors to be unique in its appointments,
ranking with the .finest hotels on the American continent.
This Board had represented to Sir Thomas that the hotel
would be a good business undertaking and the correctness
of that representation can be best judged from the fact
that the hotel accommodation is already taxed to its utmost
and that a new wing will probably be constructed forthwith.
On the 15th of April, this year, your Council met Mr.
William Whyte, Vice-President of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company, and urged a more comprehensive and
accelerated Vancouver Island railway policy. The early
completion of the railway to Alberni was asked for; as also
the prompt commencement and rapid construction of the
railway to the north end of the island; likewise the branch
tp Cowichan Lake. An improved steamer service between
Victoria and Fraser River points was also urged, for which
the construction of \a suitable steamer appears to be necessary.    These are matters which should be vigorously fol-
i up by the Board.
On the 21
of the Grand '
the question (
, Mi
rles M. Hi
fs, Pr
Britis
)f the
Columbia for th
supplies
1  of the
Pacific end of the line was discussed. It was not expected
that any definite arrangements could be made at this early
stage of the Company's proceedings, but the interview
should serve as an assurance to the Railway Company that
this Board of Trade is in hearty accord with any plan for
the development of British Columbia generally, and that
it is desired that such a policy should be adopted. destn
ictic
n    by
fire
of
urred.
mmediately  i
lpon
*ece
pt of
news
of  t
he  dis
aste
- your
Jouncil met a
nd or
e*an
zed   a
Relie
t Fu
nd, to
whi
ch the
itizens subsci
ibed
aror
nptly -
ind lit
lerall
y and
ven
- soon
he sum of $4,
709.20
wa
s avail
ible;
0 wl
lich th
e Cc
rpora-
ion of Victori
xmtributed di
a addc
d a
lother
relief
S'l
kept
Many
but of
Vic
sucl
orians
1 cash,
Vancouver
Th
s de
veloprr
ent oi
Van
couver
Isla
nd has
Island
long
eng
aged tl
ie atte
ntior
of th
s Board of
	
Trade
, bi
it it is
believ
ed that the
mos
t prac-
ical aid in th
at dir
action has
been
givei
1 durir
g tl
e past
"ew months.
In De
:em
ber, las
t, the
Spec
ial Commi
tee, to
whom the mat
ter wa
s re
ferred,
recon
mien
dedth
2 for
mation
Df association'
in e\
ery
coram
unity
throi
gh'out
the
Island
or the purpos
e of g
ithc
id diss
emin
ating
nformation
.ikely to be 0
f serv
ice
to cap
talists
and
settle
Public
meetings were held and delegates appointed, who met in
Victoria in January, and the formation of the Vancouver
Island Development League was the result. The great
success of that meeting, together with the prompt formation of the suggested associations and the unanimity with
which the various bodies are working augurs well for the
attainment of the end desired. As the report of the Committee is appended hereto further reference to this matter
is unnecessary.
Railway The   Esquimalt   and   Nanaimo   Railway
Terminals        Company submitted to this Board of Trade a
Victoria proposal to establish coal bunkers in Vic
toria inner harbor and repair shops on that portion of the
Indian Reserve which it has been proposed should be used
for railway purposes. The original plan, of the-proposed
coal bunkers was amended, at the instance of this Board's l6 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
Indian Reserve, immediately south of the present railway
line, will be required for the repair shops and. coal car
tracks; which it is proposed to expropriate under the provisions of the Railway Act. The proposals are fully set
forth in the Committee report, which the Board adopted at
the May monthly general meeting. When the report,
appended hereto, was under discussion the disposition of
the remainder of the Reserve, south of the present railway
line, was. discussed and the opinion prevailed that it should
be held exclusively for commercial and industrial purposes. In consequence of this opinion it was considered
desirable that the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company should give an undertaking to provide rail connections
with such enterprises as may apply for same.
Imperial The  question   of   Imperial   Defence has
Defence engaged   the   Board's   attention,   and   at  a
special  general   meeting,   in April,  it was
unanimously resolved:—
"That this Board recognizing that the people of
Canada are always ready to assume its full share of the
defence of the Empire by sea as well as by land, urges
that :—
"i. That the time has arrived for the creation and
development of a serviceable Canadian Navy as a branch of
the Imperial Navy.
"2. This Board is heartily in accord with any action
which the Dominion Government may take to assist the
Imperial Government in the naval defence of the Empire in
the present juncture, and approves of a direct and immediate
contribution of the cost of one or more battleships to the
Imperial Navy, and also approves of the purchase from the
Admiralty of warships suitable for immediate use for the
training of Canadian seamen."
In the opinion of the Board something more than the
adoption of this resolution was necessary, the feeling pre- vailing that the true spirit of Imperialism is best exemplified in personal sacrifice of some kind. A Special
Committee was therefore appointed to report upon a plan,
and two weeks later the Board adopted the recommendation
that more support should be given the local Militia. Subsequently a letter was sent to every member of the Board.
It is gratifying to state that during the past three months
the strength of the Militia has been considerably augmented.
The letter was as follows:
Re Support of Local Militia.
Dear Sir:—Your Council having carefully considered
the report of Lt.-Colonels John A". Hall and E. G. Prior
dealing with the inadequate support given the local militia
forces, and being fully cognizant that the same should be
maintained both in strength and efficiency, would urge upon
members of this Board of Trade that all possible assistance
be given to the Fifth Regiment in obtaining recruits and
every encouragement given to young men to induce them to
undergo the necessary training and so fit themselves to
defend their homes and country if called upon, and that
the countenance and support of members of the Board be
at all times given to the accomplishment of the above
object.   Yours faithfully,
Simon Leiser, President.
The construction of another dry dock at Esquimalt,
large enough to accommodate modern warships, and the
encouragement of steel shipbuilding in Canada were considered to be of the greatest possible importance in any
scheme of Imperial Defence in which the Dominion of
Canada might co-operate. A copy of the resolution and
memorial forwarded to the Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier
in this connection will be found in the appendices.
Victoria Harbor The work of deepening the inner harbor
~ ——    ^j   Victoria   has   progressed   satisfactorily
during the past nine months. The new dredge has been
employed in the channel between the entrance of the harbor ORIA,   BRITISH   COLUM
arves.   This chann-
BOARD   OF   TRADE.
-hen completed wil
the
lil-tt
There is considerable rock work to be done in the
inner and upper harbors, but the plant now used is not
modern, nor is there at hand proper appliances for picking
up the rock when loosened. The consequence is, this work
goes on with little appreciable results.
Greater attention is being paid to the possibilities of
the outer harbor, for deep water tonnage. The accommodation there is ample for immediate requirements, nevertheless the owners are looking forward to an increased
business at this port on account of the Isthmian connections
already in operation and in course of construction, and are
preparing to extend the accommodation at short notice
whenever cahed for.
A Special Committee of the Board has in hand the
preparation of information to be placed before all the
Canadian transcontinental railways showing the special
advantages'of Vancouver Island for terminal purposes,- and
more particularly the many attractive features the ports
of Victoria and Esquimalt have as ocean termini. This
■Committee are also taking up the question of the breakwater to Brotchie Ledge which has been outlined in
previous reports of the Board.
Pilotage There has been a change in the pilotage
situation since the last report, a new
schedule of charges having been inaugurated, based
on the tonnage of vessels as well as the draught.
The original schedule was strongly objected to by this
Board of Trade, and what purported to be a reduction of charges for pilotage are now about the same as when made
under the old system.
The efforts towards the abolition of compulsory pilotage have been continued, and in October, last, the Special
Committee presented the Board's case to Commander
Spain, who had been deputed by the Department of Marine
and Fisheries to investigate and report upon the situation.
The Committee were very hopeful of the probable result
but the above has been the only change made, and the
Board's request for a copy of Commander Spain's report f
has been refused on the ground that it is confidential.
Agriculture and This Board is indebted to the Honorable
Immigration the Minister of Agriculture for the fol-
~~ lowing  remarks   in   regard   to   agriculture
and  immigration:—
Although the past year witnessed decreases in the
mining, lumbering and fishing industries, agriculture more
than held its own compared with previous years. The
shortage in value of the mining output was caused by the
low prices of silver, lead and copper, while over production
and unwise competition in 1907 accounts for the smaller
cut of timber. With regard to fishing, it was a "lean year,"
and therefore the decreased yield was not unexpected.
Dairying showed a very considerable increase, of which
Vancouver Island contributed within a fraction of 21 per
cent., its creameries supplying 385,140 pounds of a total
of 1,846,000 pounds of butter. Another notable fact is that
Vancouver Island creamery butter commanded higher
prices than that of any other district.
The fruit crop was a fair average and the quality excellent. The province won first prizes at London, Birmingham,
. Manchester, Edinburgh, Harwich, Leeds, and other exhibitions in Great Britain, and numerous silver and bronze
medals were awarded to individual fruit growers. At the
..International Apple Show, held at Spokane, Washington, 20
VICTOl
UA
UTISH
COLUM
BIA,   BOA
RD   OF
TR
ADE.
Britis
h Colu
mb
fruit
was a
warded
thirte
en
first
prizes
out o
: fourteen
er
tries,
in coi
npetition wit
i many
of the
most
famous
ap
pie
grov
•ing di
stncts c
)f the
Un
ited
States.
was a material addition to the
*al districts, Vancouver Island
desirable settlers from Great
i. most of whom embarked in
majority of case:
their properties.
The'
ng land on the Island, and more
)f Victoria, continued brisk and
ners, the purchasers, in the great
ing to settle upon and improve
5 not so keenly felt as
:ing employment with
the different branches
scarcity of farm laborers w
in the previous year, although then
rates of wages, many young men sej
farmers in order to gain knowledge c
of agriculture.
The efforts of the Department of Agriculture to secure
clean healthy orchards were well supported by a majority of
the fruit growers, who evinced a desire to improve their
stock and keep the trees free from insects and disease. The
results of this work were manifested by larger yields and
improved quality of the fruit. Better facilities for handling
and shipping were afforded by the establishment of packing
houses, by means of which growers were enabled to have
their fruit sent to market in prime condition and thus
obtain better prices.
Considerable wild land was brought under cultivation
during the year, but there is need of more activity in that
direction as one of the greatest drawbacks to agricultural
operations is the heavy cost of land clearing.
During 1908 there were over 670 square miles of new
surveys, or a total of nearly 400,000 acres.    This year the • Government has twenty-four survey parties in the field and
$280,000 has been voted for the work. On the Island
parties are subdividing land in the interior and in Rupert
District.   The latter is attracting a large number of settlers,
most   of  whom   propose
dairying.
for stock rais
■ and
The Department of Agriculture had added to its staff
additional fruit inspectors properly qualified in horticulture
and entomology, also a poultry expert, and additional
veterinary inspectors. It has also secured authority from
the Legislature to establish cooling warehouse plants for
the packing and handling of fruit, to enable the producers
to place their products on the market in perfect condition.
Fisheries The total pack of canned salmon for the
Salmon Province in 1908 was 542,689 cases, of which
335,023 cases were Sockeyes. The total
was just about the same as in the previous season,, but
although leap-year is generally the poorest in the cycle of
four years there was a better run of Sockeyes in the Fraser
than in 1907, and this applies also to Puget Sound and the
Straits of San Juan de Fuca.
On Puget Sound 155,218 cases of Sockeyes were packed,
as compared with 74,574 cases caught in the Fraser and in
the San Juan de Fuca traps. This is a larger difference
than usual, and it certainly affords a strong argument for
effectual restrictive measures on Puget Sound, instead of,
as at present, Fraser River interests being obliged to observe most stringent protective regulations with respect
to the comparatively small quantity of fish allowed to pass
towards the Fraser River, while such measures are chiefly
for the benefit of the Puget Sound fisheries.
The Dominion Government, however, has seen fit to
increase the weekly close time this year to forty-two hours,
while it remains at only thirty-six on the Sound. This
extraordinary measure has met with universal condemna- 22 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
tion at this end, and has been appealed against by the
cannerymen, fishermen and local Dominion Fisheries
officials, but without result. In the circumstances the outcome of the International Fisheries Commission is awaited
with considerable anxiety.
The successful operation of the salmon fisheries of the
Skeena River is also being threatened this season by
onerous regulations as regards the fishing boundary and
commencing date. These regulations are likewise opposed
to the views of all in this Province, including the local
officials and a majority of the members of the recent Fisheries Commission, the Skeena River being the best naturally
protected salmon stream in the Province, and showing no
signs whatever of depletion. Indeed, the runs of salmon
in the headwaters of this river have been so great that
considerable quantities of ova have been transferred to the
Fraser hatcheries. Notwithstanding all this, strongly supported petitions have been without result. This utter
disregard of local opinion, official and otherwise, is causing
great concern to all interested in the salmon fisheries of
this Province and points to the extreme desirability of the
appointment of a special Fisheries Commissioner for the
Pacific Coast, whose views would be accepted at Ottawa
and acted upon.
The anomaly referred to in the last report of the dual
licenses imposed upon fishermen and canners still remains.
This is an injustice and hardship to those engaged in this
industry, which should be speedily disposed of.
There were eight salmon traps operated on the Straits
of San Juan . de Fuca, and one cannery at Esquimalt in
connection therewith. 23,241 cases salmon, including 11,448
cases Sockeyes, were packed at Esquimalt and a considerable quantity of Sockeyes from the traps was also sent to
the Fraser River to be packed at the canneries there.
Although   the   small   year, the traps caught many more NUAL  REPORT.
Sockeyes than usual, as was also the case in 1904. The
run of spring salmon was correspondingly good, and some
six hundred tons of large red spring salmon were cured
here and shipped in cold storage to Germany.
This season being the big sockeye year twelve traps
are being operated, and preparations have been made by
two local firms to can about 50,000 cases at the canneries
at Esquimalt and the outer wharf at Victoria. The other
trap operators will take their fish to the Fraser River canneries. The spring salmon season has opened well, and
large quantities are being mild-cured here for shipment to
Germany and the United States. A new and favorable
feature is the utilization of the white spring salmon for this
purpose, so far as the United States market is concerned, as
heretofore it has been a difficult matter to find a profitable
outlet for this species of salmon. The opening of the large
new cold-storage plant of the B. Wilson Company will
afford greater facilities for this mild-curing business which
-has developed as a result of the allowance of trap-fishing,
and will obviate the necessity of shipping these goods to
Vancouver as at present, to be held in cold-storage there.
The total extra business accruing to Victoria as a consequence of the prosecution of this salmon-trap fishing,
canning and mild-curing business, must be considerable.
Fishery This Board has for some years past urged
Protection that   the   Canadian   fishing banks  of this
-——*--        Coast be protected against the depredations
of foreign fishermen.
In September, last, your Council conferred with
Admiral C. E. Kingsmill, Commanding the Marine Service
of Canada, who was here for the purpose of personally
investigating the requirements. It was urged that steamers
be chartered for this service pending the arrival of the
permanent vessel or vessels, also that two or more small
vessels would afford more adequate service than the large 24 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
cruiser proposed.   Since then two small steamers have been
chartered for fishery protection service-
Railway During   the   year   the   attention   of the
Development      Board has  been   directed  to  railway  con-
™         ~          struction on Vancouver Island.   The matter
was brought up in definite form by a communication from
the Citizens' League, of Nanaimo, enclosing the following
resolution:—
"That this League requests its parent body, the Vancouver Island Development League, to request all Municipal
Corporations, Boards of Trade and all political associations
on this Island to petition their representatives in the Provincial House, to oppose the granting of Government aid to
the Canada Northern Railroad Company, or any other company, unless said railroad company contract ,with the
Provincial Government to connect with Vancouver Island
at a central point whereby Quatsino Sound and the towns
and cities of Cumberland, Nanaimo, Ladysmith and
Duncan are to be touched at, making Victoria the southern
terminus."
It seemed to the Board premature to consider the
position taken by the Citizens' League, although the Board
is strongly in favor of such railway consti action as is
therein referred to and the decision reached was that for
the present the resolution should not be acted upon by this
Board. Since the passage of the resolution by the Citizens'
League a meeting was held at Nanaimo, on the invitation of
the League, at which members of this Board attended as
members of the Executive of the Victoria Branch of the
Island Development League, and representatives of other
Branches of the Development League were also present.
After some discussion it was decided to vary the resolution
as above set out and it was accordingly changed to read
as follows:—
"Whereas it is understood that certain transcontinental
railway companies will  apply to' the  Provincial Govern- ment for assistance in extending their lines across British
Columbia; and
"Whereas, the Mainland part of British Columbia has
several lines of railway in operation or in course of construction to which Government aid has been granted; and
"Whereas, Vancouver Island, with a population nearly
as numerous as the Southern Mainland, bearing a proportionate share of the taxation of the Province, and
"Whereas, the Island's export of natural products
greatly exceeds her export of natural products shipped from
points on the coast of the Mainland, and
"Whereas, the Island requires railways to develop its
rich resources now lying dormant, and
"Whereas, the central and northern parts of the Mainland of this Province are rich in mineral, timber and
agricultural land which are now practically unexploited
and. cannot be developed without railway facilities, and
"Whereas, a railway from Edmonton to a central point
on  this  Island, making  Victoria  the  terminus,   reaching
- Quatsino, Alberni, Cumberland, Ladysmith and Duncans,
would open up this large section of rich, but at present
unpopulated and undeveloped country, and
"Whereas, the route already surveyed by Sir Sanford
Fleming proves that a practical route by the way of
Frederick Arm and Chatham Point, then to the Island by
ferry, is an easy grade and an accessible route to reach the
Island seaboards, and
"Whereas, the older settled portion of British Columbia, namely Vancouver Island, having contributed greatly
towards the development of the whole Province has a right
to share fully in the advantages from the opening up on the
Mainland:
"Therefore be it resolved: That the officers and members of the Vancouver Island Development League, pledge 26
BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
ourselves to aid, encourage and bring about the building
and construction of railways on Vancouver Island, not only
on the east and west coasts, but through the centre of the
Island and wherever else necessary; including the construction of car ferries, connecting the Island with the
Mainland, in order that the vast resources of the Island
may no longer lie comparatively idle.
"And be it further resolved, that we call on all public
spirited citizens on Vancouver Island, whether in or out of
the League, and whether holding public office or in private
life, to lend their support to this vital movement for the
betterment of the Island.
■ "And be it further resolved, that any policy of railway
aid to a transcontinental road that may be adopted by the
Provincial Government will not be satisfactory to the people I
of Vancouver Island, which does not provide for railway
connection with the Mainland as an integral part of such
| transcontinental road."
The various branches of the Development League are
a unit in their sympathy with this position.
Application was made to this Board of Trade by the
Victoria and Barkley Sound Railway for an endorsement of
their project. The Board felt at the time the application
was made sufficient data had not been presented to warrant
action and accordingly the question was allowed to stand
over for investigation.
Subsequently a committee was appointed to take into
consideration all matters connected with railway construction so far as they relate to Victoria and Vancouver Island.
This committee have held several meetings, is collecting
data and has put itself in communication with the several
/transcontinental railway companies.
It can be said with confidence that the interest in railway construction on Vancouver Island is growing very
rapidly in intensity, and there   is   a   strong feeling in all parts of the Island that,the most advantageous connections
with the Mainland should be established at the earliest
possible day so that all parts of the Island may be developed in connection with the rapidly increasing traffic
from the prairie provinces to the ocean, and the great
natural resources of the Island may be economically
developed.
A very encouraging teature   of   this   interest is  the
remarkable unanimity of the people of the Island who seem
' to realize that the time has come when action ought not to
be any longer delayed.
Trade and The  following  figures  indicate  business
Outlook conditions   in   Victoria    during    the    past
~™~ ~~ twelve months:
1908. 1909
Imports, 12 months to 30th J une. $4,971,045.00 $4,546;834.oo
Exports, 12 months to 30th June. 1,114,729.00 1,539,509.00
Customs Collections, 12 months
to 30th June     1,524,785.92    1,331,238.33
Inland Revenue, 12 months
to 30th June      229,656.24       210,236.76
Post Office,   12 months  to 30th
June (approximate)           84,500.00 86,500.00
Tramway passengers carried . ..       4,237,451 4,614,347
Bank clearings, increased 6 per cent, over and above any
previous year.
The imports and customs collections show a falling off,
in comparison with the previous year, when a record was
established, which may reflect business conditions outside
the city, as other information demonstrates that the prosperity and trade of Victoria has continued to increase. The^
slight decrease in inland revenue is accounted for by a
reduction of some duties, the actual quantites of goods
entered for consumption having increased. The post office
revenue, bank clearings and tramway earnings exceed those 28
BRITISH   COLUM
of any previous year, and may be accepted as grounds for
the statement, so often heard, that business in Victoria was
never better than during the past twelve months. Never
before was there such activity in building, and the erection
of many dwelling houses is being followed by the construction of substantial business premises. The improvements
in the city thoroughfares are very noticeable in places, and
the applications of property ow«ers for such work, under
local improvement by-laws, are increasing beyond all expectations. The city water distribution is mostly renewed
and the capacity increased, and the early selection of
another source of larger supply, to meet the requirements
of the rapidly growing population, is imperative. The new
high pressure salt water fire protection system is ready for
operation and this, together with the improvements in the
fresh water supply, should reduce to a minimum the risk of
a serious conflagration in Victoria.
The greatly improved steamer services with Victoria
are an important factor in the development of the city. The
latest addition to the Canadian Pacific Railway Company's
British Columbia fleet, the "Princess Charlotte," is equalled
on the Pacific Coast only by the sister vessel, the "Princess
Victoria."
While present conditions are satisfactory the future
i.4 looked to with every assurance of greatly increased
prosperity. The early establishment of the termini of two
additional transcontinental railways, together with the construction of the branch lines, in British Columbia, may
reasonably be expected to stimulate trade and commerce
and aid in the development of the wonderful natural
resources of Vancouver Island. The city of Victoria cannot
fail to participate largely in the general activity.
This Board may be congratulated upon recent additions
to its membership roll, and the "well attended and more
frequent   meetings   of   Council   during   the   past   twelve ANNUAL   REPORT. 29
months. Most valuable services have also been rendered by
committees, all of which encourages the expectation of
future usefulness.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
SIMON LEISER, President.
L-. A. GENGE, Vice-President.
F. ELWORTHY, Secretary.
Victoria, B.C., 9th July, 1909.  APPENDICES
Addresses in Reply to Foregoing Report
The President in calling upon the Premier to speak, said the
Board had always found him most courteous and ready to listen to
them, and that his advice had always been most useful.
PREMIER McBRIDE said he
of Trade. He was sure he voice
the citizens generally in cong
re-election.   During the year the
ras privileged to address the Board
I the opinion of the Board arid of
atulating the President on his
Board had been alive and active to
3 members and
these occasions
of the b
a degree which had brought about <
especially its presiding officer.   It was customary or
to have the Finance Minister present to give a revie\
conditions of the time.
Conditions at present prevailing were the most encouraging
ever experienced by the capital. Never before had there been such
permanent and substantial development under way and in view as
in this part of British Columbia. While the most sanguine might
not feel that everything was being done that might or ought to be
done, still as a progressive city of. "Western Canada, Victoria was
taking its place in the work of development and progress. The city
seemed to be greatly exercised at present in regard to a water
supply. This was not only essential to the capital city, but the
general reputation of the Province depended upon it, as people
would judge the Province in the matter of water supply by the
supply of pure water for domestic use which the capital city enjoyed.
Then there was the matter of transportation,
the hope that the presence in Victoria of membei
the British Columbia Electric Company would ir
was.soon to enjoy the transportation which the d
-which would also be profitable to the company; s
as would not only cope with present conditions bu
a general way for the development
from Ottawa and from London gave
early date Esquimalt harbor would  again
only a credit to the Empire but a considerable factor i
All must join in
3 of the board of
san that the city
strict needed and
ch transportation
would provide in
close at hand. Dispatches
for the hope that at an 32 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
of this part of the Dominion. With the
water, Victoria might expect therefrom at <
materially and socially in the capital city.
What was the Provincial Government doing in the way of
developing the capital city? Perhaps the most effective way in
which it was attempting to meet the situation was by the work of
useful development in the country districts. It must be admitted
that if the Government was able to do this the cities must profit
in a substantial way. This form of work was at present under way
in the building of roads, trails, bridges and public works generally
that might be of general utility and in the best interests of the
country at large. The building of the Mill Bay road, a costly but
essential work for the development of this district was bound to
bring about good results not only in Saanich district, but in
Cowichan, in the districts bordering the suburbs of Victoria and in
the city also.
The Government had pretty well concluded the purchase of the
remainder of Parliament square, and would shortly be in possession
of the property. The urgency of the case which justified the Government in making this purchase spoke eloquently for the progress of
the country and the increase of Government business. Even the
garrets of the existing buildings were filled with clerks necessary
to carry out the public business and still there was not room enough.
From the picturesque point of view the purchase was of value and the
business consideration made it urgent that the Government should
lose no time in providing for the days near at hand. In al] the constituencies on the Island there were under way expensive and
elaborate public works which must tell very materially in the development and prosperity of this part of the Island. The Government
was not neglecting provision for trails and prospecting roads in
other parts. Many of the trails asked for by the Vancouver Island
Development League were being attended to and their requests
would be carried out nearly to the letter. The Premier assured the
Board of the sympathetic, kindly and effective influence of the
Government and concluded with a short resume of his recent trip
into the interior. Never before, he said, had he seen such indications
of splendid growth and of the confidence of the people in all lines of
life and business.
PRESIDENT LEISER mentioned the question of railway communication with the north end of the Island and assured the Premier
that in all the Government did to that end it woiUd have the hearty
co-operation of the Board.
HON. CAPT. TATLiDW, Minister of Finance and Agriculture:
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen:—You were good enough to say juat
now, Mr. President, that I ana with you all the time. Well, I think for the 1;
t five
3 it has
apologize for the absence of the remainder of my colleagues. On
this occasion it is not so, and I am glad for several reasons; one is,
because the Premier has just returned from an important visit to
the interior of British Columbia, where he has seen the progress
which is being made, and is able to tell you of his own knowledge
what is occurring in the country.
,  well-known  i
>sperity  of  a
that the ultim
country depends on the extent and capabilities of its s
quently it is a matter for satisfaction to find that the agricultural
interests of our Province are not being neglected. We are getting
our share of new settlers, most of whom are establishing themselves
on small fruit, vegetable, poultry and dairy farms—the class of
holdings most to be desired, and which should be encouraged by
every one having an interest in the country. Take, for instance,
the land tributary to the city; there is sufficient fertile land within
a few miles to furnish food for a population many times as large
as the city now boasts, which could be turned to profit were it subdivided and offered for sale at prices which would induce men of
limited means to purchase and clear it. The problem of clearing
land presents many difficulties and the Government is collecting
information bearing upon it, with a view of inducing co-operation
among groups of owners to join together and hire or purchase the
' necessary machinery. Such a plan has been successful in Oregon,
and Washington, and there is no reason it should not prove so here.'
Coming to the question of agricultural progress, it is not difficult
to show that farming in all its branches has kept well to the fore
with other interests. Feeling that it should be fostered and encouraged in every way, we have for some time back been engaged in
the re-organization of the Agricultural Department, which has practically been divided into two branches, under the Deputy Minister.
The Horticultural Branch is under a Horticulturist and two assistants
who are qualified to study the entomological and other conditions
affecting the industry in various parts of the Province, and render
assistance to the Inspector of Fruit Pests.
The other branch is i
is assisted by three ins'pei
Surgeons) whose duty it is
i   of  seeing that
nder the Live Stock Commissioner, who
:tors of animals (all qualified Veterinary
i to visit all parts of the Province for the
ie   regulations   are  properly   carried   out.
Lately the Government has adopted the policy of testing cattle for
tuberculosis free of charge, which duty also falls on these officials,
and I may say that within  two weeks  of the  publication  of  this
new system, over 1,100 applications for testing were received from
The Department is also about to engage a
under the Live Stock Commissioner, who
with   the   work of the Farmers'  Institutes
mghout the Province, so that we will be able to supply lecturers,
dairymen and ranchers.
Poultry Specialist, to t BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
give demonstrations
e study the i
going outside the offic
ind other instruction n<
pecial problems the Provi
als of the Department.
i presents, without
In selecting these gentlemen, we have in most cases applied
Agricultural Colleges  in  the  East,  who  have  recommended
promising  graduates   who   have   also  had  practical   experiem
• the Ontario or other
t Is highly desirable that in the future we should have young
our own Province to select from, and until such time as the
ity is established with an agricultural faculty, the Depart-
s decided to contribute a small sum towards the expenses of
students from British Columbia taking the two years' course at
Guelph or other recognized Eastern Canadian Agricultural Colleges.
Great as has been the advance made in mining, lumbering and
h are invariably held up as our principal sources of
y be a matter of surprise that in two branches at least,
:an show a better record than any of them.
the census returns credited British Columbia with 7,430
d with 649,000 fruit trees, all of which were to be found
*r Valley, Vancouver Island, and a few   of    the    older
There were no commercial orchards and Kootenay and ■
tricts.    After seven
Okanagan y
t accepted as fruit growing districts
j the fruit area is estimated at over 100,000 acre
!50 per cent. The fruit shipments in 1902 amo
in 1908 to 6,489 tons, an increase of over 4,500 t
figures only represent about 50 per cent, of the total crop, as at least .
half the fruit is used at home. The value of the crop of 1908 is
estimated at $1,300,000, while that of 1902 amounted only to
$391,000.
Dairying shows a still more wonderful increase: In 1901 we
had 12 creameries producing 74,673 pounds of butter valued at
$20,841, while in 1908 there were 22 creameries producing 1,845,977
pounds, worth $570,367. Yet there are those who say agriculture is
at a standstill and they may be pardoned for the expression, not
having the facts before them, and looking at the return of imports
of farm produce.
In 1908 we imported from foreign countries nearly $2,000,000 of
agricultural products on which duty was paid, about one-quarter of
the total importations, the remaining three-quarters coming from
3 of Canada, so that the actual output for these commodities, nearly all of which could be profitably raised in the
Province, would be between $7,000,000 and $8,000,000—a fact which
would be disheartening were it not that these large supplies are
required  to  supply the needs of   a   rapidly   increasing    population   best.    The progress of dairying in 1908 was most promising as compared with 1907:
CREAMERIES.
1907. 1908.
Pounds of butter manufactured       1,651,304 1,846,977
Gross  receipts    $549,321.43 $570,367.87
Sold per pound at            $0.32 $0.34 1-7
Amount paid patrons    $466,824.28 $491,267.63
If to this we add dairy butter $450,000, we have a total for 1908
of over $700,000, allowing $5 per head of population for milk and
cream and ten per cent, to farmers for dairy bi-productg, it is shown
that the industry was worth to the producers over $2,500,000 last
year, while it added to the wealth of the Province over $3,000,000.
The cheese industry, small as yet, shows a gratifying increase:
CHEESE FACTORIES.
1907. 1908.
Number of patrons    20 37
Pounds manufactured     95,000 179,500
Gross receipts    $12,800.00 $22,680.00
Sold for,  per pound  $0.12% $0.13%
Paid patrons     $10,500.00 $18,910.00
Companies handling milk    117,776 286,947
Total paid patrons     $595,101 $797,120
There was a great demand for poultry and eggs, only about,
one-third of which was supplied locally. The average price advanced;
from 30 cents per dozen in 1905 to 40 cents in 1908. Eggs handled;
in Victoria alone in 1908 aggregated about 80,000 dozen local, and'.
45,000 dozen imported. Altogether the Province imported eggs to.
the value of $720,000, and about the same of dressed poultry.
The importations of live stock and dressed and cured meats was
large, in value between five and six million dollars. The live stock
included 11,400 head of cattle, 14,272 hogs, 35,000 to 40,000 sheep.
Fifteen thousand carcasses of mutton were received from Australia,
and forty car loads of poultry from Eastern Canada.
With this great drain upon our pockets for produce, which, as
I said before, can nearly all be raised in the Province, it may be
asked what is the government doing to survey and open up more
land for settlement, and in reply I may say that as fast as the
resources  have warranted  more  money  has  been   devoted  to  that 36 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
In 1907 we spent on surveys  25^047
In 1908 we spent on.surveys  73,850
In 1909 we spent on surveys  189,790
isions
ed y
the field in
rly $300,000
he wonder-
roportion to
ful aggregate of the productions of this Provin
population: over $60,090,000 produced by a population of little over a
quarter of a million/ A prosperous state of. affairs which still
continues and which perhaps is instanced in no way better than in
the Provincial Revenue which has increased from $2,000,000 for 1903
to $6,000,000 for 1908. I see by a prospectus issued by the Government of Ontario when recently placing a loan in England, the revenue
for the year is given as $8,602,000 which is for a population of 2%
millions; so that British Columbia, with one-tenth the population
of Ontario, has two-thirds of her revenue, and that derived mostly
laturs
llth,
jersonal t
jment for
lis Board
art.    The
you in the work of the!
wish than that every
applause.)
CHE CHAIRMAN: I
1 Interests in this CU
ihall be very pleased
Boai
s the Board today.
MR R. P. RITHET: Mr. Preside)
was left to the last, because now I m
that the time is short. I must not
circumstances the members of the 1
not talk.
d Gentlemen:—I am glad I
iake a good excuse and say
> you long, but under any
1 of Trade know that I do APPENDICES. 37
It is very gratifying to me to be able to be present today and
join with the other members of the Board in hearing of the progress
which has taken place in this community during the past year. I
think that we have made greater progress during the last year
than we have done for many years together previously. I think it is
perhaps largely due to the energy and the greater interest which the
Board has taken in affairs; and I hope that they will continue to
work in the direction in which they have started until they ,
accomplish what they want—in my judgment it is that we have a
transcontinental railroad connection. And while we all know the
great difficulties which we have to overcome before we can get it,
I think that there is no doubt but eventually it will come to us. We
must, therefore, in my judgment, work, even if we are discouraged,
we must continue to work until we accomplish what we want. I
am quite sure that the Island of Vancouver is well worthy of the
attention of any railroad—any transcontinental railroad. And It is
only by constant and continuous effort that we can get them to see
it the way that we see it—the way I see it now, and the way I feel
that every member of this Board and every resident of Victoria see
it too.    So
that ever
l if we
are discouraged, M
r. President, I would
say don't s
top, keep
on agil
:ating;  and when yc
ii accomplish a little
It is alway:
3 a steppi:
ag-stor
ie to more.    The que
:stion being so meri-
torious,   it
should   r
lot   be
abandoned   simply
because   of   a  little
discourage]
nent.
It seems to me that in this connection it may be in place to point
out, now that we have the Honourable the Premier here and his
colleague, that the inclination of all the railroads heading to the
coast here through Canadian* territory seems to be towards Vancouver. There should be something done to induce railroads who are
heading this way to open up new territory, by inducing them to
come in other directions than all through the same territory. And
I think that if any railroad heading through British Columbia towards
the coast here enters a territory which is already occupied by
another railroad, that they should do it at their own expense
entirely, that they should receive no assistance from either the
Federal or the Provincial Governments. (Applause.) It should be
regarded as a business proposition, and that the business to be
obtained in that direction is sufficient to induce them to build their
road through the same territory already occupied by another competing road, or else they ought to go through some other territory
which would open up a new country—which would open up a field
for their own use, and at the same time open up new territory in
the interest of the Province. So that I hope when any question of
this kind comes up, that care will be taken that the resources of
the country are not expended in any way to encourage all the railroad building in one section of the country, but that they will expend
the money always and only when new country and new territory
is being developed.    (Applause.) VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
ARD   OF   TRAI
As to the development of the commerce of Victoria, with whicl
I am still largely interested as you all know, I am happy to be abl
to state from my own experience that it is increasing, that it ha
increased during the last year much more satisfactorily than for an;
previous year since I have been associated with it. And it now look
as if Victoria had taken a stand which had made itself felt through
out the country, and that the position is recognized.
You are aware that for many ye-
people believe that Victoria was on t
had to call the attention of the C. P. :
they had omitted to put Victoria on 1
a tremendous fuss about it. I think nc
that, because we have got more of an agitating community, and I
think more progressive people. I thank you, Mr. President and
Gentlemen.    (Applause.)
_ the difficulty was to make
e map. I remember that we
. at one time to the fact that
ieir time-table, and we made
7 that they hardly ever forget Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade,
30th   JUNE,   1909
June 30th, 1909-                                                 Folio
By Furniture     3                  $       11  60
Expenses as per memo, attached. 29 73 4°
Printing, stationery, advertising .. 34 217 10
Secretary  40                       1,200 00
Telephone 44                            48 00
Office Rent     48                         450 00
Messenger service   54                            9 90
Insurance   61                               7 93
Telegrams       64                            49 28        >
Annual Report   67                          29335        3
Light       72                              4 45        g
Library   79                              4 00        2
Janitor  83                            60 00        cn
Victoria Development League.... 85                         152 00
Special Account   86                           138 00
Cash Balances :
Savings Account      $144 34
Current Acccount        402 58
On hand            6 00
        552 92
$3,396 93

F. Elworthy, in Account Current with the
1ST JULY,   1908,  TO
July .St. .908, to June 30th, .909-                 Folio
To Cash balances as per last statement...                   $   532 42
Subscriptions collected    17                    2,390 00
Entrance fees       76                        170 00
Rent of office  48                     '  33 50
Sale of newspapers   81                [         54 00
Victoria Development League  85                       152 00
Special account  86                         39 53
$3,396 93 RITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
Auditors' Report
July 7th, 1909.
The President and Members,
Victoria,  British Columbia, Board of Trade,
Victoria.
Gentlemen,—We have the honor to report that we have audited the books
and accounts of the Secretary-Treasurer for the fiscal year ending 30th June, 1909,
and find the same lo be correct.
The cash account has been duly examined and the vouchers for all payments
have been found in order. '
The balance to the credit of the Board in the Canadian Bank of Commerce
at June 30th, 1909, on account current, was  $462 08
From which is to be deducted the following outstanding cheques :
1612 B. C. Telephone Co   $ 4 00
1613 Board of Trade Building Association      37 50
1614 Joseph Sommers       1050
1616    Weiler Brothers        750
  59 5°
The balance of cash in hand and at bank is correct and there is in the
Savings Department of the Bank of Commerce the sum of $144.34 and $6.00
cash in hand, making a total of $552.92.
We desire to express our appreciation of the manner in which the Secretary
has kept the books and accounts of the Board.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
WM. E. LAIRD,
.  BILLINGHURST.f APPENDICES.
Songhees Indian Reserve
Copy of letter forwarded to the Hon. Richard McBride, Board
of Railway Commissioners for Canada, G. H. Barnard, Esq., M.P., the
Hon. William Templeman, and Corporation of the City of Victoria:
May 17th, 1909.
Dear Sir:—At the last Monthly General Meeting of this Board
of Trade a report was "presented, as per copy enclosed, embodying
the proposals of the E. & N. Railway Company to establish coal
bunkers in "Victoria Inner Harbor, and work shops on the Songhees
Indian Reserve, as shown on the plan also transmitted herewith.
The attendance at that meeting was unusually large, members
having been informed that this report would be presented, and the
discussion which followed the reading and motion for its adoption
was very full. Although several members were not at first favorably
disposed    towards    it,    the    report    was    finally    adopted,    almost
During the above discussion the disposition of the remainder
of the reserve, south of the present railway tracks, was considered,
and the opinion prevailed that it should be held exclusively for
commercial and industrial purposes. In consequence of this opinion,
it was considered desirable that the Railway Company shall give
an undertaking to provide rail connections with such enterprises .
as may apply for same.
Tours faithfully,
F. ELWORTHY,
Gentlemen:—Your Committee beg to submit the following report
dealing with certain proposals made by the E. & N. Railwav Co.
which provide for the erection of repair shops and coal bunkers on
the Songhees Reserve or adjacent thereto. Attached to this report
will be found a map which shows approximately the areas required
for the above purposes and a letter from the Inner Harbour Associa-
Among the first questions considered by your Committee,
its appointment, was the desirability of providing coal bunkei
connection with the E. & N. Railway  Company,  a 42 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
have been submitted to your Committee by the Railway Company.
Your Committee has discussed these plans with those interested in
such developments and particularly with the Inner Harbour Association. Amendments have been made in the original plans and thouo
now submitted meet the objections raised.   '
In their present form the proposals of the E. & K. Railway
Company are substantially as follows:—To expropriate about twelve
acres of the Songhees Reserve to the south of the railway track and
upon this area to erect round-houses of solid construction and repair
shops for the use of the E. & N. Railway Company's system on the
Island, including branches and extensions which may hereafter be
int the present navigab
e to be made in order
: is now only shallow w
and for the loadins
tat there is a general desire to give every
this port, and therefore it is of opinion
i should be given to these proposals,
supposed that a considerable portion of
lly be used for railway purposes and the
the present time would be in accordance
There seems no good reason why an
new industry immediately to this port
r of some other proposal  conceivable in
not appear practicable to plan bunkers which will be
for both large ocean steamers and also for coasting
hose now proposed will be chiefly used by the latter,
but may pave the way for other bunkers at a later date. The'fact'
that the trestle will be in a part of the harbor too shallow to be
available for navigation and not likely to be deepened meets objections which could reasonably be urged if it were erected elsewhere
In the harbor.
Your Committee would r
should assist the E. & N. Rail-
facilities at this port on the understanding: —
That   the   buildings   to   be   erected   shall   be  of i i to be expropriated shal
All of which is respectfully submitted.
F. A. PAULINE,
J. J. SHALLCROSS,
CHAS. H. LUGRIN,
BEAUMONT   BOGGS,
lenting—
T.  W.   PATERSON.
Deep Sea  Fisheries
September  29th,   1908.
Admiral C. E. Kingsmill,
Commanding Marine Service of Canada,
Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B.C.
Dear Sir,—As suggested by yourself and the Hon. William
Templeman, I beg to summarize the opinions of the members of the
Council of the Board of Trade, as laid before you on the 26th instant,
when the Council had the pleasure of a discussion on the question of
fishery protection with yourself and the Hon. Mr. Templeman.
This is a matter which has engaged the attention of the Board
for several years past, and it is now understood that provision is
being made for the construction of a cruiser for this service. It is
realized, however, that more than a year will elapse before such a
cruiser can be built and ready for duty, and the Board strongly
' urges the necessity of immediate protection, and the members were
unanimously of opinion that this should be provided by chartering
hiding the permanent vessel or vessels.
As regards this latter point it was agreed that the service
be much more adequately performed by two or more small v
than by one large cruiser, the latter being restricted to one
and to deep water, whereas several small vessels would '
several areas at the same time and could enter shallow inlets,
checking illicit operations on shore.
uld 44 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
Briefly, there were two points which it was decided to impress
1st—Immediate  protection of the  fisheries;
2nd—That at least two additional steamers are now required for
YOurs faithfully,
F. ELWORTHY, Secretary.
December  5th,  1908.
I. Desk
arats
Esq.,
Deput
f Mir
ister of
Ottaw
Marine and Fisheries,
Dear Sir,—I beg to acknowledge, with the thanks of this Board
of Trade, receipt of your letter of the 19th ult, advising that your
Department has arranged for two steamers to aid the "Kestrel" in
patrolling the waters of British Columbia.
In the discussion which followed the reading of your letter, at a
meeting of the Council of this Board, yesterday, attention was
directed to the advertisement calling for tenders for the construction
of a cruiser for these waters, and to the Board's representations
to Admiral Kingsmill, in September last. The opinion of the Board
was then stated as follows: "The protection to our fisheries would
be more adequately performed by two or more small vessels than
by one large cruiser, the latter being restricted to one area and deep
water, whereas several small vessels would patrol several areas at
the same time, and could enter shallow inlets, thus preventing illicit
operations on shore."
The cruiser for which tenders are being called is larger than
what this Board would have recommended, but, provided the cruiser
is adequately supplied with auxiliaries, that is, swift tenders for
inshore work, the Canadian fishing banks on this coast may be
properly protected. The Board would therefore ask that the construction of at least two additional smaller vessels, to be used as tenders,
be proceeded with without delay.
'. ELWORTHY, APPENDICES.
Trade Suggestio*
Feb. 9th, 1909.
asking for suggestic
l advise  should  be  done
Department   of
ns as to:—
the compilation of trade stati
"(c)    Can you suggest i
ir change do you think desirable  in
cs published by this Department?
■ improvement in the  collection  and
ormation   received   from   the   Trade
LUMBER  AND  COAL:    In our opinion the
Dominion Govern-
ment should
endeavor to negotiate such treaties
as will admit the
entry of Car
adian lumber and coal into foreign
countries on more
favorable ter
ms, and in this connection would p
Dint out that while
lumber  from
the   United  States  is  admitted  in
to   Canada  free   of
duty;   lumbe
q from  Canada entering United Stat
es is taxed $2 per
thousand.
IRON: Large bodies of high grade ii
to the necessary fluxes and fuel are knot
and the Dominion Government should assii
attention of capitalists and offer such indi
the establishment of iron works on the Pacific coast.
SEALING INDUSTRY: The sealing industry is seriously hampered by restrictions to Canadian sealers which do not apply to
sealers operating from Japan. The Dominion Government should
have equality of rights restored to the sealers from our ports.
; Canadian Pacific
ie halibut industry
interprise.    In the (
DEEP SEA FISHERIES: The water
coast contain an enormous wealth of food fishes, tb
being operated almost entirely by United States «
opinion of your Committee this is to some e:
inadequate protection to the fishing banks and illegal use of Canadian
ports for cleaning the fish; rendered possible through the insufficiency of fishing protection cruisers.
With the 46 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
the early marketing of the crops should be provided for. The Pacific
coast must therefore be looked to, and in view of the opening of the
Panama Canal, immediate steps should be taken for the construction of the railway by way of Yellow Head Pass, Bute Inlet, and
ports on Vancouver Island, as recommended by the Royal Commission on Transportation in the year 1905.
STATISTICS: We beg to call attention to the trade and navigation tables which some years ago were curtailed' by omitting
particulars of the imports into the different Provinces. Your Committee consider this information very valuable, and recommend that
the Department be  asked  to furnish it as was  done  in  previous
TRADE REPORTS:   In the opinion of yoi
reports now issued are very valuable, and we
respectfully submitted.
H.  F.  BULLEN,
W. J. PENDRAY,
J. W. AMBERY,
C.   SPENCER,
ERNEST TEMPLE.
Ottawa, February 22nd, 1909.
Re "Trade Suggestions."
Sir,—I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter of the 15th
Inst., transmitting a copy of the Committee report of the Victoria,
British Columbia, Board of Trade, and to state that the matter will
be given further consideration" when- we have had time to go
through the very large correspondence occasioned by the trade
suggestion circular.
I have the honour to be, Sir,
F. Elworthy, Esq.,
Secy. The Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade, Larger Dockage Facilities
May 18th, 1909.
The President and Council,
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade,
Victoria.
Gentlemen:—Your   Special Committee  appointed  to   prepare  •
Memorial for presentation to the Dominion Government urging con
struction, by the Dominion Government, of a new and larger dock a
Esquimalt, beg to submit the accompanying draft.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
May 18th, 1909.
ia, British Columbia, Board of Trade,
ned  with   great   satisfaction of  the
■itish Government on the subject of
The Memorial of the Victc
respectfully showeth:
Th_t this Board has les
intention of the Canadian Gc
London to consult with the I
naval defence.
That on previous occasions this Board has brought to the notice
of the Department of Public Works the necessity of providing on
the Pacific Coast of Canada a dry dock of sufficient size to accommodate ships of war and merchant ships of the largest class, and
hereto annexed is a copy of the last Memorial forwarded to the
Department on that sublect.
That -this Board reiterates the statements and arguments
advanced in the said Memorial.
That e
cilities a
ery year the nee
ready provided i
sity for sui
becoming i
ck in addit:
anifest.
d the
That such a dock would be of great value to His Majesty's navy
in the event of war, in which His Majesty's ships might be compelled to operate on the Pacific Ocean.
That the harbor of Esquimalt, by reason of its proximity to the
ocean and the ease with which it can be made impregnable, is
exceptionally well situated for the site of a large dock for naval
purposes, and being adjacent to what must always be the chief artery 48 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
used by the vessels of the mercantile marine on approaching the
western coast ports of the North American Continent, it would be
the most convenient location for a dock for use by such vessels.
Your Memorialists therefore respectfully request that the construction  at Esquimalt  of  a  dry  dock capable
vessels of the largest class may be considered i
any plan that may be adopted for naval defence.
Victoria, British   Columbia,   Board  of  Trade.
SIMON LEISER, Presifient.
F. ELWORTHY, Secretary.
(Enclosure which accompanied the foregoing memorial.)
27th January, 1908.'
The Honorable, The Minister of Public Works,
Ottawa.
Sir,—The Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade asks permission to draw your attention to the following facts:
On March 16th, 1905, this Board had the honor of submitting to
the Acting Minister of Public Works the following memorandum:
1. The Esquimalt Graving Dock is not of sufficient size to meet
the requirements of the naval and mercantile marine.
2. The ocean-borne commerce of the western coast of Canada
is rapidly increasing, and the vessels engaged in the trade are of
much larger tonnage than those recently employed in it, and there
is no dockage upon the Canadian Coast to which they may be taken.
3. The Esquimalt dock is not nearly large enough to accommodate modern ships of war, except of the smaller class, and in the
event of hostilities there is no place nearer the Canadian coast than
Hong Kong where British ships  of war could go for refitting ' and
4. The harbour of Esquim-
cbnvenient to the open ocean, a:
the sea.
5. A large modern graving
by merchant ships of foreign c
a large and profitable income would be brought to Canada.
6,. The construction of the national transcontinental railway
will very greatly increase the commercial importance of the western
coast of Canada, and it is submitted that docking facilities should
be provided equal to all probable requirements. APPENDICES. 49
To this memorandum the Hon. A. S. Hyman, Acting Minister,
replied on March 23rd of the same year, and said that he would be
pleased to lay the matter before his colleagues at the first opportunity. Since then the Board has not been advised that the subject
matter of the memorandum has been considered by the Government of Canada, and it takes this opportunity of once more urging
it upon your attention. Since the above memorandum was submitted the importance of such action as is suggested therein has
been forcibly shown.
1. The ocean-borne commerce of the western coast of Canada
has greatly increased, and the average size of the ships engaged in
it is growing greater. The Canadian Pacific Railway Company has
announced its intention of either bringing the Empress ships now
engaged in trans-Atlantic trade to the Pacific or building similar
ships for service on the Pacific. The contract for the Grand Trunk
Pacific calls for the completion of that line within the next three
years, and it is the declared policy of that Company to place large
steamships on the North Pacific Ocean to run in connection with the
National Transcontinental Railway. The Board submits that it
would be only the exercise of ordinary prudence on the part of the
Government of Canada to provide suitable dockage facilities in
Canadian waters for the handling of vessels of the class that will
be employed in Canadian trans-Pacific commerce which is being
developed because of the policy of the government in regard to
railway construction.
2.    The Board further submit
s that the provision
of ample dock-
age facilities at Esquimalt must
of necessity forn
a part  of  the
so-called All-Red Steamship serv
ice.
3. The Board desires to point out that the forthcoming visit of
the United States fleet to the Pacific Ocean must be construed as
signifying that, from a naval point of view, the waters of that ocean
will take on a new importance, and that in conseauence it is almost
a foregone conclusion that the Imperial Navy will be represented on
the Pacific Coast by a permanent squadron or by visiting squadrons,
and it most respectfully urges upon the Government if it is not incumbent upon Canada to provide upon her western coasts a dock
where His Majesty's ships of the largest class can be repaired. The
Board ventures to suggest that the provision of such a dock would
be a very valuable contribution to Imperial defence.
4. The repair of ships at this port is a very large and increasing factor in its business. Private enterprise has done a great deal
to provide facilities for such work, but the cost of a dry dock sufficient to accommodate vessels of the large class now in common use
for commercial as well as naval purposes is beyond the reach of
local capital, and the Board suggests that under any circumstances
it would not be desirable for national reasons to have such a dock in VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
BOARD   OF   TRADE.
s not 1:
5. The Board desires to point out further that as the construc-
ion of such a work would require considerable time and that, if
i'ork were begun forthwith, it would hardly be completed before it
night be urgently reauired.
The Board therefore respectfully requests that the subject mater of this memorandum may be taken into consideration by the
Sovernment of Canada and that an appropriation may be made at
he present session of the Parliament so that the construction of such
. dry dock as will meet the requirements of the case may be begun
luring the present year.
Yours faithfully,
Office of the Minister of Public Works of Canada,
Ottawa, June 15th, 1909.
Dear, Sir,—The Honourable the Prime Minister has referred to
i your letter to him of the 18th ultimo, having reference to con-
t Esqi
The matter will hai
reful
WILLIAM PUGSLEY.
Pilotage
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade,
Victoria.
Gentlemen:—Your Pilotage Committee beg to report that in
accordance with the Hon. Mr. Templeman's promise, contained in his
letter of the 31st July, 1908, they were afforded an opportunity to
meet Commander Spain, on Friday, October 30th, and we laid before
him the representations of this Board of Trade in regard to
pilotage.   irman Hardie,
B. R. Stephen,
>up, represent-
& Co. and the Pacific Coast Steamship Co.; Mr. I
representing Messrs. Dodwell & Co.'s interests; Mr.
of the Great Northern Railway Co.; and Capt. J. W. T
ing the C. P. R.  Coast Service.
Commander Spain having informed your Committee that he
was present for the purpose of investigating Pilotage matters for the
Department of Marine and Fisheries, your Committee proceeded to
present the Board's case, as outlined in your Committee's various
reports. Representatives of the above shipping interests also gave
their views.
The following morning Commander Spain again met your Committee and informed them that in the meantime he had conferred
with the Pilotage authority. Besides stating his opinion that some
radical changes should be made he confidentially outlined to your
Committee the recommendations he intends to make which, however,
do not necessarily include the abolition of compulsory pilotage. In
consequence of the understanding that the information must be
considered private your Committee can only state that they approve
of the recommendations, as a temporary expedient, the Board's
contentions having been to all intents and purposes fully endorsed
by Commander Spain.
It will r
7 be i:
r for t
a. copy of Com-
mder Spain's re
All of which i
respectfully submitted.
House of Comm
GEORGE CARTER,
H.  G. WILSON,
F.  A. PAULINE,
HENRY B. THOMSON,
T. W. PATERSON.
, Canada, Marc
. Elworthy, Esq.,
Dear Sir,—Referring to your recent letter asking for a copy of
Commander Spain's report on compulsory pilotage, after allowing
sufficient time to elapse for the report to be completed, I wrote the
Minister of Marine and Fisheries asking to be allowed to have a
copy made. I subsequently saw him on the subject, when he informed me that the report is a confidential one and that no copy
could be had.
Yours faithfully,
G. H. BARNARD. VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
Vancouver Island Development
r Islai
After mature consideration we di
ncouver Island could best be under
a ting all the business communities
rdance with this view we communk
Courtenay
Colwood
Cumberland
Duncans
Ganges Harbor
Ladysmith
Metchosin
requesting that public meetings be called and delegates a
who would meet and formulate a plan which might be j
agreed upon. Upon receipt of advices that your Committee's
in Victoria on
upon finding c
neet
y 22nd and your Committee was much gratified
e absentee, who wrote stating that at the last
oidably prevented from attending. Besides the
attendance of these delegates, Mr. R. Marpole and Mr. L: H. Solly
represented the C. P. R. and E. & N. Railways and the E. & N.
Land Grant.
The delegates were received in the Board room by your President, attended by members of the Board and citizens of Victoria; a
body representing all commercial interests. After this formality,
Col. E. G. Prior, chairman of your Committee, took the chair, by
request, and the morning was spent in listening to a most instructive
address «by Mr. W. J. Sutton, M.E. and F.G.S., upon the wonderful
resources of Vancouver Island. Mr. R. Marpole, General Executive
Assistant of the C. P. R., and Vice-President of the E. & N. Railway
Co., followed with an address on the possibilities of Vancouver
Island, and afforded great satisfaction in the assurances he gave of
hearty co-operation on behalf of the interests he represented.
Your Committee also secured the services of Mr. C. C. Chapman,
President of the Chapman Advertising Co., of Portland, who informed
the delegates how Development Organizations are conducted in the
States of Oregon and Washington.
The Board's social arrangements having already been reported
to you by your Reception Committee, need not be enlarged upon
further than to state that after the Business Men's luncheon, tendered
to   the   delegates   arid   Mr.   Chapman,   at  the   Empress   Hotel,   the *.rrn.nui\rE.a. 3j
delegates re-assembled and formally organized the Vancouver Island
Development League, which is a body representing all the commercial interests on Vancouver Island; and Col. Prior was honored by
being chosen the first President; Vice-Presidents being chosen from .
representatives of Nanaimo, Duncans, Ladysmith, Courtenay and
Alberni.
The next business of your Committee was the organization of
the Victoria Branch of the League, and at a meeting of Victoria
business men, on February 5th, it was resolved: '"That the Victoria
Branch of the Vancouver Island Development League be formed
and that- a Provisional Committee of ten be appointed."
The Victoria Development League was incorporated on February
22nd and at a meeting held on 6th April, for the election of officers,
etc., Mr. H. G. Wilson, another member of your Committee, was
honored by being chosen President; and it was reported that the
citizens of Victoria had subscribed a sum exceeding $7,000 per year
for two years for carrying on the work of the Victoria Development
3 respectfully submitted.
E. G. PRIOR
(Chairman),
GEORGE CARTER,
A. W. McCURDY,
H. B. THOMSON,
H.   G.  WILSON.
3 discharged ~w
Daylight Saving Bill
The   Bill   which  was
Ottawa, providing for a S
Board at the Quarterly Ge
was  Tesolved:   "That  the
hearty endorsement of thii
troduced   in
-ing of Daylij
:ral Meeting, <
rinciple   of   t!
e House of Commons,
t, was discussed by the
i 16th April, 1909, and it
.   Bill   receive   the   most 54 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
Progress of Mining in British Columbia.
Statements Compiled by the Provincial Government.
The value ofthe mineral products ofthe Province for the year 190S amounts
to $23,851,277, which, while il is less than that of 1907 and 1906, is still considerably greater than that of any previous year.
the average market value of the various metals for the year was much lower, which
accounts entirely for the decreased value of this year's output; since the drop in
the market price of metals amounts to some $3,966,826.
The tonnage of ore mined in the Province during the year 1908, exclusive of
coal, was 2,083,606 tons, an increase over the preceding year of 279,492 tons or
iS-5%-
This total tonnage was produced by the various Districts in the following
proportions:—Boundary, 71.6 percentage of total; Rossland, 14.5%; Fort Steele,
7.9% ; Coast District, 1.7% ; all other Districts, 4.3%.
of these only 59 shipped more than 100 tons each during the year, while but 33
Nelson Mining Division,-8 in Slocan-District, 4 in Coast District, 3 in Rossland,
year 1908 ; the Districts in which they are located, and tbe tonnage produced in
each District, together with the number of men employed, both above and below
Table Showing Distr
BUTION  0
f Ship
PING  M
INES   IN    I908.
Tons of
No. of
Mines
Ship-
18
27
ev
No. of
Mines
Shipping
6
Men
Employ
resE M»
353
89
163
237
631
51
Above
90
Il8
94
68
195
18
Total
Cassiar i
Atlin, Skeena & Q. Charlotte.
East Kootenay :
6,930
165,313
714
38,282
24,854
302.419
2,819
99
471
Windermere	
West Kootenay :
Nelson	
Slocan  	
257
305
826
69
57
27,831
2,083,606
108
 4_
59
783
""6
115
2,448
325
9
85
1,089
■■£&
Boundary	
Ashcroft-Kamloops 	
Similkameen-Vemon	
Coast	
i, 108
15
3,537 APPENDICES.
1 that in its preparation, a mil
in the table with four men f
i the actual number of individuf
mining in a camp, since the cost of labour is in a more or less
tion to such total cost.    In this respect it is interesting to note in
:re 5S9 tons of ore mined for each man employed about the mines.
34 tons mined lo the man in the year, in the Nelson Division 97
jreek (Rossland) Division 366 tons, and in the Boundary 1345 tons.
ralization, of course, does not apply exactly to any one mine, but
istrict, and in the first two districts mentioned the mines vary in
atly, some having high-grade shipping ores, and others low-grade
res, that care must'be taken not to carry these average figures too
Number
of
Men
Men
District
employed
employed
Total
M,nes
ground
ground
AND CASSI
Kootenay
7
;{Sr
l
Ft. Steele & Windermere)
Sloo
n D. (Sloca
i, Slocan City, Ainsworth)
43
43
IO
53
T*"t
>NCreek ''
3
19
$@s
24
Lard
EAO AND T
toOT Lake	
1
Boon
DAKY	
37
49
Total.
102
119
38
157
f Computing Production.
juently, to be carried 56 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
over to the credit of such new year.    This plan, however, will be found very
is credited in the next.
In the lode mines .tables, the amount of the shipments has been obtained
from certified returns received from the various mines, as provided for in the
" Inspection of Metalliferous Mines Act, 1897." In calculating the values of the
products, the average price for the year in the New York Metal Market has been
used as a basis. For silver 95 per cent., and for lead 90 per cent., of such market
price has been taken.    Treatment and other charges have not been deducted.
Total Production for all Years up to and Including 1908.
Gold, placer    $70,196,103
Gold, lode     50,353,597
Silver             28,611,316
Lead      21,549,996
Copper       49,953,371
Coal and Coke     94>329,377
Building stone, bricks, etc       7,893,100
Other metals  490,699
Total $323,377,559
1852 to 1889 (inclusive) $ 71,981,634
1890   2,608,803
1893  3,588,413
1894  4,225,717
1895  5,643,042
1896   7,507,956
1897   10,455,268
1898  10,906,861
!899  12,393,131
■900  16,344.751
1901  20,086,780
1902  17,486,550
!903   17,495-954
1904  '8,977,359
1905  22.461.325
1906  24,980,546
•907   25,882,560
1908  23,851,277
Total  $323,377,559 Pounds	
. Tons,2,240lbs
47,738,703
40,832,720
1,8 0,067
222,913
255,582
2,631,389
i| 43,195,733
l| 47,274,614.
1,677,849
247,399
Divi
Districts
1907
1908
1907
1908
$
$
$
$
Cariboo District	
405,000
Ainsworth Division	
364,868
355,ooo
422,181
572,809
5,548,880
4,792,976
298,234
4,802,680
5,448,224
Nelson             "      	
6i4-395
462 836
676,580
. Trail Creek     "      	
3,049 702
144,169
3,713,392
173,235
15,721
8,444,326
13,779
7,649,963
Osoyoos, Grand Forks&Green-
8,354,995
7,545,380
Similkamcen &  Nicola Divi-
56,564
32,767
ioi,583
Vict0ria>   	
6,147,348
25,882,560
55 IA, board of trade.
PLACER GOLD.
Yearly production of placer gold to date, as determined by the returns, sent
in by the banks and express companies, of gold transmitted by them to the mints,
and from returns sent in by the Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders. To
these yearly amounts one-third was added up to the year 1878, from then to 1895
and from 1898 to 1908, one-fifth, which proportions are considered to represent,
approximately, the amount of gold sold of which there is no record. This placer
gold contains from 10 to 25 per cent, silver, but the silver value has not been
separated from the totals, as it would be insignificant.
Yield of Placer Gold per Year to Date.
1865..
1866..
1867..
. $   705,000
• 2,'228,'543
. 2,666,118
. 2,656,903
• 3,913,563
■ 3,735,850
. 3,491,205
2,662,106
. 2,480,868
• 3.372,972
. 1,774,978
• 1,336,956
• 1,799,440
1875.:
. $2,474,004
1,786,648
1,608,182
1,275,204
1,290,058
1,013,827
1,046,737
954.085
794,252
736,165
713,738
903,651
$   399,526
Production of Lode Min
*
Go__                        Sn.v_R
.             LEi_
Coppek
fef-J
Oz.
Value
Oz.
Value
Pounds
Value
Pounds
Value
Values
1887
$
17,690
79,780
53,192
4,'60t
77,160
* 227.00C
1,496',522
3,135,343
5,472,971
4,292,401
3,'917[9I',
2,996,204
2,'990|262
2,745,44!
17,331
75,000
47,873
73,948
4,000
195,'00C
470,219
977,229
2,100,689
2!S09!20C
L94L82"
1,521,472
1,719,516
1,971,818
1,897,320
1,703,825
204,800
674,50*
Nil.
Nil.
808,420
2,135,023
16!475,464
24,199,977
38,841,135
31,693,559
21,862,436
63,358,621
22|536!381
18,089,283
36,646,244
56,580,703
52,408,217
43!l95,73S
$
29]81S
6,498
78^996
5321255
721,384
.1,'077!581
878,870
2,691,887
2,002,733
824,832
689,744
1,421,874
2^291 !45S
$     .
$
4,000
1.170
6,252
39.-264
106!l41
110,061
138,315
167,153
210.384
236,491
232,83-
224^027
196,179
255,582
125.0U
l,244!l80
3]453!381
4,348,60"
4|812]61'
4,589,608
4,933,102
4,630,639
4,055,020
5,282,880
1895..
1901'.'.
1902 .
1903..
1905!!
1906..
324,680
952,840
3,818,556
5,325,180
7,271,678
29,'636,'057
34,359,921
35,710,128
37,692.251
42,990,48*
i"Y.-7i\V;i.i
16,234
190,926
266,258
1.35L4S
■1.'446,'96?
4[578!03'
8i288,'565
8,166,544
6,240,249
2,3421397
4,257,179
7,052,431
6,529,420
6,751,604'
13;683,'044
11,101,102
11,571,867
12,309,035
17!484!l02
16,216,847
Tot'l.
2,446,811
50,353,597
49,665,404
28,611,316
534,859,728
21,549,996
331,512.530
49,953,371
150,468,280 fears
836-73    	
COAL
         480,872 $     1
Value
244,641
330,435
417,576
462,156
512,538
723,903
802,785
846,'4I7
639.897
880	
882...]'..........
          154,052  	
         267^595  	
         228,357	
         282,139  	
         213,299	
j^s	
         265,596	
796,788
979,908
467,903
739,490
034,420
087,291
479005
934,882
038,859
889	
          579,830        1
892.'.;;;;;;;.' e
893	
      1,029,097        3
    "    978,294         2
896
897	
898	
         882,854        2
648,562
407,595
918,972
3<8,785
504,582
904	
905	
      1,384,312        4
152,936
551,909
Total
    27,622,549 tons.                                $84
COKE
     19,396  $
988,130
899	
171,255
425,745
827,715
337,478
*    Total..
       1,774,187 tons.                                  $9
34L247 60 victoria, british columbia, board of trade.
Coast Collieries.
The Coast Collieries mined in 1908 1,226,182 tons of coal, which, with an
additional 13,921 tons taken from stock, makes the amount of coal distributed
from these collieries in 1998 come to a total of 1,240,103 tons, which was distributed as follows:
Sold as coal in Canada   717.964 tons
other countries     29,883    "
Total sold as coal     1,048,292
Used in making coke  71,288     .
1,240,103
East Kootenay Coal Field.
district :—
Sold as coal in Canada    200,908 tons
United States   266,829    "
Total sold as coal  467,737
Used under company's boilers, etc  54,117
882,104 tons
Other Minerals.
Iron Ore. There has been no iron ore mined in the Province this past
year, other than that necessarily mined in development work, and none of this has
been shipped, the reason being that there is no iron blast-furnace in operation
within the district, and, consequently, no market for iron ore.
Zinc Ore.    There has been a comparatively small quantity of zinc ore pro-
for som
rated as a partly mai final ruling has been given by the United States Treasury Board, which will admit
the zinc ore into the United States free of duty, and this will permit of a considerable quantity of ore being marketed during the coming year.
The Canadian Metal Company's plant on Kootenay lake has made a considerable tonnage of zinc concentrates, which have been shipped, but as the manager
writes that settlements for these shipments have not yet been made, -they are not
included in this year's output.
The Canadian Zinc Company's plant at Nelson, for the treatment of complex
zinc-lead-silver ores by electro-thermic smelting, was completed last fall and
several "runs" made, which, while they were considered to have demonstrated
electrical problems which have so far prevented the commercial operation of the
Platinum. • While platinum is founc
where it can be saved as a by-product, th<
with so much trouble that it has been practically neglected
production made.
of the alluvial gold v,
Building Stone. Excellent building stone of various sorts is found in
abundance in almost every part of the Province, but the fact of its wide-spread
distribution has, however, been somewhat against the establishment of large
quarrying industries, as a sufficient local supply could always be obtained, and,
except within reach ofthe larger cities, few regularly equipped quarries have been
On the Coast, chiefly between Vancouver island and the Mainland, there are
several well-equipped quarries taking out granite, sandstone and andesite, all of
excellent quality. These quarries supply the stone building material of the Coast
cities, and also export to the United States.
Marble. In the interior of the Province, the Canadian Marble & Granite
Company opened a marble quarry on the line of the Lard >-Trout Lake Railway,
about eight miles from Lardo, and took during i9o8_block marble which, when
sawed into slabs, amounted to some $50,000 in value. From the same vicinity
marble was taken for the construction of the Court House and Government Build-
value of which sto
;, Ltd., has opene
On the Coast, the Nootka Marble Qua
Nootka Sound, on the West Coast of Vancouver island, from which some ver;
beautiful marble has been taken, but, as the Company only commenced shipment
in December, the value of the product for 1908 was merely nominal. VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
Fire Brick and Fire Cla
3 at Cumberland shipped
of pottery, etc., the B. C.
$100,000.    The fire brick
Fire brick made here has recently been used in the c
recent coke ovens in the Crow's Nest Pass District, whereas formerly brick for
this purpose was brought from Pennsylvania.
about $12 a thoi
00 brick, which have been sold
m, Texada island, near Vancouver,
considerable output. Limestone is
)vince, and on the Coast, where the
nestone deposits are particularly and
1 at $256,300.
p., with works at Tod inlet, on the Saanich arm.
present is 300,000 barrels of cement a year, manu-
le quarried on the Company's property a few yards
tny sold in 1908 some 170,861 barrels of Portland
Oil and Oil Shales. No very serious atl
for petroleum during the past year. The Flathe
to exist, will, in all probability, be traversed this
work will be attempted until the railway shall b«
Of the oil-bearing shales near Harper's Car
talked of a couple of years ago, nothing further i The Iron Ores of the Coast of British Columbia
REPORT OF MINING COMMITTEE.
From time to time the Board of Trade has called the attentic
of capitalists and of metallurgists, to the great opportunities fl
the profitable establishment of the iron and steel manufacturir
industry, and to the exceptional facilities which e
Island.
The rapid strides which industrial progress
Pacific Coast of America, gives tc
mously increased importance.   The
• and develop this industry ii
The establishment of an iron i
Island would, we feel sure, receive
tion, both from the Dominion an
although the bounties now availa
diminishing scale, we have reason
increased, if suitable assurances w
new industry to- establish itself.
1. The Governor-General in Council may authorize the payrr
out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the following bounties
the undermentioned articles when manufactured in Canada for c
tbject
this yeai
- arrived
si ind
ustry on
-t syn
lpathetic
incial
Governn
iron
and steel
: thes.
3 bountie:
sn, in
order to
•   Per ton.
1908   . ,	
   2.10
1910
portion from foreign
pig iron manufactured from ore,  on the pro-
ore produced during the calendar year:
Per ton.
1908                                                                                    1 10
(c)  On puddles i
Canada during the  c
ron bars manufactured from pig iron made in
alendar year:
Per ton.
1908                                                                                    165
iqnq                                                                                               105
iqm VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
(d) In respect of rolled, round wire rods not o
of an inch in diameter, manufactured in Canada
duced in Canada from ingredients of which not 1(
cent, of the weight thereof consists of pig iron
when sold to wire manufacturers for use or wher
wire in their own factories in Canada, on such win
the thirty-first day of December, one thousand nine
six dollars per ton.
made after
(e) In respect of steel manufactured from ingredients of which
t less than fifty per cent, of the weight thereof consists of pig iron
n Canada, on such steel made during the calendar year:
No   bounty   shall  be   paid   under   the   foregoing   provisions   ir
spect of iron or steel made in Canada by electric process after the
first day of December, one thousand nine hundred and eight
2. The Governor in Council may authorize the payment out oi
the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the following bounties on the
■undermentioned articles when manufactured in Canada for consumption therein, viz.:
(a) On pig iro
of electric smeltini
lufactured froi
Canadian ore by the
1912   .
.  0.90
(b) On steel manufactured by electric process direct from (
dian ore, and on steel manufactured by electric process fror
iron smelted in Canada by electricity from Canadian ore durin
calendar year:
Per ton.
1909    $1.65
nty, as on pig iron under this section, may be paid upon the
iron from the ore which in the electric furnace enters into
tufacture of steel by the direct process, the weight of such
)e ascertained from the weight of the steel so manufactured. 1884 to 1904   $5,270,292
1905   1,540,204
1906   2,004,338
1907   1,299,801
1908   2,303,152
1909   1,864,614
The following extrac
Mines, for the year endi
the subject, and the atta
the Coast of British Colu
from the Annual Report of the Minister of
tg 31st December, 1902, properly introduces
:hed Table "F," of Analyses of Iron Ores on
nbia, cannot fail to be of interest: —
"The chief importance which attaches to the British Columbia
iron deposits is that they are practically the only known occurrences
of iron ore in quantity on the northern part, at least, of the Pacific
Coast, and, consequently, iron manufactured therefrom would have
the whole of such territory as a market.
"In regard to this it might be appropriate to quote from the
Annual Report (1901) of the Geological Survey of the neighbouring
State of Washington (page 256), in which state the general conditions in regard to fuel, fluxes, labour and geographical position are
very similar to those of British Columbia, excepting that the B. C.
coal is undoubtedly higher grade and possesses better coking
qualities.    The Report says:—
"Washington has plenty of mineral suitable for fluxes, and no
fear need be felt in this particular. Labour is perhaps a little higher
in "Washington than it is in the East, but the difference would have
little effect on the price (cost of production) of iron. The whole
Pacific Coast would furnish the market, as very little pig iron, if
any, is being produced in any of the States west of the Rockies,
except Washington, at the present time (March, 1902), and the steel
and iron being used on the Coast is shipped from the East. The
results shown here are rather against the probability of Washington
ever becoming a very large producer of pig iron from ores occurring
within her own borders, at least unless other deposits than those
known at present are found. There is, however, one factor that has
not been taken into consideration as yet, and that is the British ore
occurring on Texada Island and perhaps some of the other islands
of the Straits of Georgia.
t for the products 66 VICTORIA,   BRITISH COLUMBIA,
BOARD   OF  TRADE. BRITISH COLUMBIA FOREST  the Mini
js Branch of the Domini
ion of Canada Department of Mines,
for the
Fiscal Year 1907-8, in \
yhich is printed at great length the
Prelimin
ary  Report  on  the Iro
n   Ore   Deposits  of  Vancouver  and
Texada
Islands, furnished by Ei
nar Lindeman, a well-known expert
.in this i
ndustry, to Dr. Eugene
Haanel, the Director of Mines, De-
partmen
t of Mines, Ottawa, fro
m which the following extracts are
. Eugene Haanel,
Director of Mines
OF  EINAR
Sir—In accordance with your instructions to make an investigation of the iron ore deposits on the coast of British Columbia, with
a view to furnishing information for an eventual iron industry, I left
Ottawa June 2, 1907, for Victoria, B. C, to get information regarding
localities of reported iron ore occurrences. I desire to express my
appreciation of the unfailing courtesy of Mr. W. F. Robertson, Provincial Mineralogist, and all others who have given aid and information in connection with my work.
In attempting to give a descr
of the Coast, one is immediately c
very few exceptions, the locations
velopment than the mining law o:
to do. The development work doj
'strippings, shallow open cuts an
for as long as the property owners had no positiv
market for their iron ore, they could not, or would
capital in developing then
requirements of the minin
iptior
1 of t
he iron ore occurrences
onfrc
nted
with the fact that, with
i hav
e not
received any more de-
t the
Prov
ince compels the holder
re is,
then
bfore, limited to surface
d tur
tnels.
This is quite natural,
Sooke, Jordan River, Sarita, Cooper Island, several claims in
Alberni Canal, Anderson Lake, Seshart, Maggie Lake, Kennedy Lake,
Head Bay (Nootka Sound), West Arm (Quatsino Sound), June
Group, Ingersoll River, Klaanch River, Quinsam River, Salt Spring
Island, and the Iron Mines  (Texada Island). VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
Gordon   River  District,  Vancouver   Island
Per cent.
Silica     8.88
Iron      58.30
Sulphur     2.75
Phosphorus      0.013
Silica      8.52
Iron     56.57
Sulphur     2.75
Phosphorufe     0.121
iron.. e e e e e e e e e e e e e e 67!o9
Sulphur     1.60
Phosphorus      0.009
Head   Bay,   Vancouver   Island
Per cent.
Silica     6.10
Iron     66.17
Sulphur     0.017
West   Arm   Quatsino  Sound,   Vancouver  Island
iron  eeeeeeeeee; 5^4.
Sulphur     0.150
Phosphorus     ,  0.038
sulphur eee.eeee.eeeei...'.\ 0^47
Phosphorus      0.038
Klanch   River,  Vancouver   Island
Per cent.
Insoluble matter   4.12
Iron       64.23
Phosphorus      0.008
iron e.eee.eee.'.i\\ee<. 63.89
Sulphur     0.017
Phosphorus  . 0.010
Quinsam   River,  Vancouver  Island The iron ore deposits which occur or
Texada Island, from three to four miles noi
been known for many years, and were taker
early as 1875.
Sulphur          0.403
Phosphorus         0.024
Insoluble  matter     12.00
Iron     5S.76
Sulphur     0.113
Phosphorus      0.011
sulphur'".'.".'.".".".".".e.'.eee.e.eeeee.ee.'.   o.ui
Phosphorus           0.006
Copper           0.09
Silica      4.47
Iron     04.48
Sulphur     1.87
Phosphorus      0.002
Copper    - . 0.22
Silica          S.33
Fuel.—In regard to fuel, the east coast of Vancouver Island has
od supply of coal. The output from the collieries is estimated for
-ear at 1,325,000 tons of coal.   During the year, about 17,000 tons 70 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
Transportation. Cheap transportation of the raw materials is one
of the most important factors in a successful iron industry. The
many inlets which indent the coast and the islands of British
Columbia, offer great advantage to transportation; as the iron ores,
limestone, and coal deposits are situated in nearly all cases close to
these navigable waters. Navigation being open the year round,
offers still another advantage to the blast furnace man and the
miner; saving them from large expenditure in stocking and re-
handling the raw materials. It may, therefore, be said that the
Coast of British Columbia is singularly fortunate as regards cheap
assembling of raw materials.
From the above information it may be seen that most of the
ores occurring on Vancouver and Texada Islands are of a desirable
grade and character, practically free from any material percentage of
sulphur, phosphorus or other deleterious elements, and the percentage
of iron is higher than that of many ,of the iron ores successfully
worked in the United States today.
The iron ore deposits are in every case favorably situated near
good harbors, on deep water bays, under conditions which lend
themselves to the cheap and economical exploitation by Terrace
Mining with steam shovels, on the most modern and up-to-date
systems.
The fuel and fluxes required are both abundant and cheap, and
there are many sites available where cheap and efficient water
power could be developed if desired.
The market is already developed to a high degree and awaits
the manufacturer, promising him a free and practically unlimited
market for his produce on a basis which should give him handsome
profits and a practical monopoly of the Western trade at least in all
the big lines.
Imports of Iron and Steel
Returns of the shipments ol
from the Dominion of Canada,
ing   table—extracted   from   the
e Canadian ship
. British Colu
uld
,nd Steel into British Columbia,
t available, so that the follow-
)ms Returns—only shows the
•ies into the Province. If the amount of
ld be ascertained and Included, the totals
certainly be greatly increased.
Agric'l implements, anvils, wagon springs, axles,
Bar iron and steel 	
Boilers, number 142  	
Butts and hinges  	
Castings, iron and steel  	
Chains    	
Forgings    	
Hoops,   rolled   iron   	
Iron bridges, girders, plates, sheet iron, etc	
Machinery   	
Nails, wire spikes, nuts and rivets  	
Pig iron   	
Rails,  fish plates,  switches,  etc	
Tubes of all kinds  	
4,085
104,
,773
  104,060
767 61,921
260 15,929
632 25,800
3,554 168,442
  1,212,959
4,001 402,505
2,890 45,865
7,485 237,868
$21767,073 APPENDICES.
The Production of Copper on Vancouver Island
(Furnished,   by   request,   by   the   General   Manager   of   The   '
Copper Company,  Limited.)
- which will; I t
During the last twelve months, from September 1st, 1908, to
August 31st, 1909, The Tyee Copper Company's Smelter at Ladysmith, Vancouver Island, has smelted (in round figures), 45,000 tons
of copper, gold and silver ores, from which we extracted and sold to
refiners: 3,500,000 lbs. of Copper; 52,000 ozs. of Silver; 7,000 ozs. of
Gold. This includes ore smelted from a group of mines on Vancouver Island, which produced about 208,000 lbs. of copper during
six months.
It is especially interesting to note that notwithstanding a certain amount of depression in the mining industry, following the
panic of 1907 and the slump in the price of copper in that year, the
above figures represent the highest production from our Smelter recorded in any fiscal year since 1905.
Our Smelter draws its ore supplies from Vancouver Island,
Queen Charlotte Islands, and other Islands along the Coast, also
from the Mainland and Pacific Coast as far North as Latouche in
Alaska, and as far South as Salina Cruz, in Mexico, so that our production of copper is not dependent upon the production of the copper
mines on Vancouver Island alone. However, it may be freely admitted the Copper Smelting industry on this Island would never have
been started but for the splendid output of these Vancouver Island
mines, in fact, I estimate the mines of Vancouver Island have produced about one-half of all the Copper that has come from the
entire Pacific Coastal District, from Skagway in the north to the
boundary between British Columbia and the U.S.A., during the five
years from 1902 to 1907.
The exact figure
have been smelted i
product has been n
copper matte and, £
not deemed it wise
s the o
their trade
individual Smelters 1
to publish exact figt
The total production of copper from
Company's Smelter at Ladysmith, V:
date, amounts to 22,000,000 pounds, to whic
production of the other Smelters to obta:
the gross amount of Copper produced in whj
Coastal District.   With these figures before y<
from The Tyee
1, since 1902 to
; be added the
air estimate of
erm the Pacific
we not justified VICTORIA,   BRll
BOARD   OF  TRADE.
in believing that the Copper Smelting Industry
is in a healthy progressive condition.
As to the copper mines of Vanco
Group have already taken their plac
famous mines. In the opinion of m
personally visited nearly every point a
discovered,   and  from  the  opinio-
iver Island, the Mount Sicker
: in the world's dictionary of
n like Mr. Sutton, who have
which Copper Ores have been
ining  men   and  geologists
:   competent   to   judge,  notwithstanding  a
depression which may be admitted, we have every r
> belie
; the Copper Resources of this Island i
my personal  opinion, too,  and I think it
and money, new trails and roads, the cli
the settlement of the large uninhabited, a
of land,  to  open up and develop copper
tatural   advantages
very great.    That is
ig of the forests, and
sven unexplored, tracts
es  exceeding in  value
exceptional facilities
*he Tyee Company's Smelter Site at Ladysmith have
ombined to establish the Smelting Industry here on a
sis, and it rests with the Government of this Province
unity to do their share in recognizing the importance
ry, the great possibilities of its development, and
every way possible.
In conclusion I have no doubt whatever that The Tyee Copper
Company could furnish the copper in commercial form that may
be required for building ships at Esquimalt, if the industry should
be started on a suitable scale, and if proper assurances were given
to us.
anything -,
The grei
available at
undoubtedly
permanent b
and the com:
of the indus
assisting it i
W.  H.  TREWARTHA-JA
Agriculture
Vancouver Island g
' width of about 60 mi
mainland by the Gulf of Georgia and the Straits of Haro ar
de Fuca, and bears a close resemblance to Great Britain
geographical position as well as in climate and certain
characteristics. The climate, mild and moist as in Engl
warmer and brighter, with less average rainfall, the summer
invariably dry with continuous sunshine, while the wint
much less foggy, with frequent spells of crisp, bright weathei
ivy, broom, gorse, box, heather, privet and other shrubs grow
Holly, md
poultry,  Island
piu]
tns  and  apples,
nd
such is the de-
-the
i  local  markets
ne
and poultry do
to permit their
everywhere. The climate and the flowers are, however, far from
being the most important natural assets of this favoured region. Its
timber is the finest in the world and of great extent; its coal
measures are practically inexhaustible; the deposits of other minerals—iron, copper, gold and silver—are vast and but slightly developed; its fisheries rival those of the Atlantic, and its soil is of
wonderful fertility, capable of producing every grain, fruit, root and
vegetable grown in the temperate zone.
The agricultural settlements on Vancouver Island, near Victoria,
along the line of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway, and at Comox,
are the oldest in British Columbia, and the excellence of their
products has more than a local reputation. Isla
mutton and pork, Island strawberries, cherries, ]
and Island butter, command the highest prices, ai
mand that little ever crosses to the Mainland—
absorb all and ask for more. Cattle, sheep, swii
-well on the Island, the climate being so mild a
roaming at large and picking up an abundance of green food the
year round. Dairying is a profitable and growing industry, although
the local market is still far from being supplied, while the progress
of mining, lumbering and fishing is constantly creating new demands,
and the Oriental trade, as yet in its infancy, assures a continuance
of good prices in the future. The average price of butter at first
hand is 25 cents pet pound.
In the Esquimalt, Metchosin, Sooke, Lake, Victoria, North and
South Saanich, Goldstream and Highland Districts, which adjoin the
City of Victoria, there is considerable good land suitable for poultry-
raising, dairying, fruit-growing and market-gardening. Malahat
District also contains areas of arable land, some of which is heavily
timbered, which might be profitably utilized for poultry, dairying,
fruit-growing and sheep-raising.
Farther north lies the famous Cowichan Valley, noted for its
beauty of scenery and fertility of soil. Cowichan, including the districts of Comiaken, Quamichan, Chemainus, Somenos, Sahtlam, Sey-
the Island. The soil of the Cowichan Valley is of peculiar richness,
being strongly impregnated with carbonate of lime, with usually a
depth of two to three feet and a subsoil of blue clay and gravel. The
soil is suited to all kinds of crops, but is particularly adapted to
fruit,-which grows in great abundance and of excellent quality and
flavour. The roads throughout the district are the best on Vancouver
Island—where bad roads are almost unknown—thanks to the efforts
of the local Municipal Council. Very little wheat is grown, the area
under cultivation being too  limited,  but oats  are a principal crop, 74
VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE.
yielding 60 bushels to the acre. Peas produce between 30 and 40
bushels per acre, potatoes from 400 to 600 bushels, hay from two to
three tons. Apples, pears, plums, cherries and small fruits give big
returns. Sheep-raising is carried on to -a considerable extent, a
ready market for sheep and lambs being found at Victoria, Ladysmith and Nanaimo. Hogs pay well and thrive, and poultry give
good returns, the price of eggs and fowls being always high.
West of Duncan, in the Cowichan Valley, there is a large area
of good land, that portion on the north shore of Cowichan Lake
being an almost level country admirably adapted to farming. From
the lake to the Nitnat River and Barkley Sound the country is more
rugged and heavily timbered and is reported to be one of the richest
mineral sections of British Columbia. The same remarks apply to
the land in the vicinity of Ladysmith, and in the Nanaimo, Mountain,
Cedar, Oyster, Bright, Cranberry, Douglas, Wellington, Nanoose and
Cameron Districts. Mountain is broken, with considerable good land
in the Millstream Valley, and the uplands furnish excellent grazing,
vith large and small timbers of good quality.    Cedar and Cranberry
Districts
good farming land.
changes, inclining
and i
uch resemble Cowichan and possess large a
North of these districts the character of the soil
clining to be sandy and gravelly in patches, but around
; again reverts to a rich loam of the best quality. A good
d is under cultivation in the country lying between
id Comox, but much of the best of it is still unreclaimed,
thousand acres will be available when cleared of timber.
Alberni Valley, at the head of Alberni Canal, about 20 miles long
and from six to eight miles wide, is destined to become an important
district from an agricultural standpoint, as it' is the centre and
natural distributing point for a large and rich mineral district. It is
110 miles distant from Victoria and 55 miles from Nanaimo, being
connected with the latter by waggon road. A very large area of
good agricultural land can easily be brought under cultivation by-
clearing and drainage.    The soil generally is a clayey loam and very
very considerable part of the fertile Alberni Valley "lies within the
Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway Grant, and is included in the areas
which the .Company will render fit for -cultivation and offer fc
to settlers.    At present Alberni has a tri-monthly steamboat s
The
Esqt
) Rail
lin.
Earl Grey Speaks of Fruit Industry in British Columbia
Following is the reply of His Excellency Earl Grey, Governor-
General of Canada, to the address of the Royal Agricultural Society
on the occasion of the opening of the fair, 2nd October, 1906:
"Ladies and gentlemen, before I proceed to formally open your
provincial exhibition, ,in accordance with the invitation, for which I APPENDICES. 75
'heartily thank you, I desire to say that I, Lady Grey and all the
members of my family and party will leave tomorrow the Pacific
shores of your beautiful province, with the greatest regret. We have
all spent a most enjoyable time among your hospitable and warmhearted people. We are all really sorry that the time has come to
say good-bye. We all eagerly cherish the hope that Is contained in
the familiar phrase of 'au revoir.'
"Gentlemen, I am looking forward to a close inspection of the
■exhibits which are at once a proof of the fertility and wealth of
your district, and an assurance of its future growing prosperity.
What I have seen and learned of your fruit industry has inclined me'
to believe that rich as we are the separate streams of wealth that
'flow from your minerals, your lumber and fisheries, their joint and
mighty volume will be inferior to that stream of national wealth of
domestic contentment, which is one day destined to grow from out
■of the orchards of British Columbia.
high  opinion  of the fut
. fruit-producinj
"Fruit-g
ring 1
being a beautiful art as
-a maximum wait of five
forward with reasonable
$250 per acre after all ex
s of
i a most profitable industry. After'
I understand, the settler may look
ty to a net income of from $200 to
tion have been paid.
"Gentlemen, here is a state of things which appear to offer the
opportunity of living under such ideal conditions as struggling
humanity has only succeeded in reaching in one or two of the most
favoured spots upon the earth. There are thousands of families
living in England today, families of refinement, culture and distinction, families such as you would welcome among you with both
"arms, who would be only too glad to come out and occupy a log hut
on five acres of a pear or apple orchard in full bearing if they could
"Now, what is necessary to enable hundreds of selected families
tye, and hundreds of hard-working miners in British
to become the owners of these desirable orchards?
a that all that is wanted is the establishment of such
from England,
Columbia also,
an organization as will enable you to
opportunities. You have the land at
■capital and' labour to clear and plant
I believe, be obtained. I know men vi
a pleasure, but a privilege, to advanc
well-managed   organization,   which   w
take
dvantage of your great
all that is required  is  the.
The capital required can,
plant land and offer i
at c
t' to selected fam
higher dividends,
lgs in a certain r
i that the capital e 76 VICTORIA,    BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.    ,
this five per cent, has contributed to the upbuilding of a nation. The
required capital, I am confident, can be obtained; it only remains to
obtain the other requisite, that of labour.
"That the labour required for such a purpose as I have described, should be obtained, I know you will agree. How to obtain
it is a question for you to settle. I would only say that the necessities of your province appear to require that such additional labour
shall be obtained from outside as will enable you to unlock the doors
of the treasure house and to enjoy the riches which lie stored within,
and which I believe to be beyond measure and computation."
Poultry Raising
» gradual
rhich   its
deve
mport
British
-anch of general farmin
The   hon
ie    market    is    nowhere
r poultrj
-, large quantities being
,    Califo
rnia,    Washington    and
ltrv imported amounted
all seasons, the average
oast beir
g:  Fresh eggs, 30 cents
nearly supplied either with eg!
imported   from   Manitoba,   On1
Oregon.    In 1904 the value of j
to over $400,000, and good price
wholesale prices for eggs on tt
per dozen;  case eggs, 22 cents per dozen;  while the retai
fresh eggs averaged 37%  cents per dozen, ranging from s
70 cents.    Fowls bring from $5 to $8 per dozen;  chickens
ducks, $5 to $11;  geese, $1 to $1.50 each, and turkeys, fro:
cents per pound.
A practical poultry-raiser, who has made a succe
business on Vancouver Island, says: "I have no hesitation
that there are good profits in the business, conducted on
commercial basis. In fact, I know
which is so profitable, having in '
invested and the expense of conduc
in any number, poultry ought to re
no other branch of agriculture
r the amount of capital to be
% it Properly managed,
i profit of at least $1 per head
A farmer who lives near Colquitz, Vancouver Island, gives the
following results from 150 hens for the year 1905:
RECEIPTS
From  sale of eggs    $375 00
From   sale   of  chicks        50 00
From increase of flock       25 00
 $450 00
EXPENSES
100 bushels wheat at $1.05 per bushel    :.$105 00
50 bushels barley at 60 cents per bushel     30 00
Sundries          10 00
 $145 00
which yields a handsome return for the money invested. Lumbering
Next to her great industry'of minerals, the most readily available,  if not the most important,  of British  Columbia's  natural  re-
| sources is her immense timber reserve. This Province may now be
said to possess the greatest compact area of merchantable timber
in North America. The total forest area of Canada is estimated at
1,657,600,000 square acres (exceeding that of the United States and
Europe combined), and of this British Columbia has 182,750,000 acres.
This immense extent of forest and woodland is not, of course, all of
present commercial value, as much of it is covered with small trees,
only fit for fuel and domestic purposes, which would not be considered as "timber" by loggers, who choose only the largest and best
trees. As far north as Alaska the coast is heavily timbered, the
forest line following the indentations of the shore and the river
valleys and fringing the mountain sides. The Douglas fir, the most
widely distributed and valuable tree found on the Pacific Coast,
grows as far north as 51 degrees, where it is supplanted by the
cypress, or yellow cedar, red cedar, hemlock and spruce. The fir is
very widely distributed, being found from the coast to the Rocky
Mountains. On the coast it attains immense proportions, sometimes
towering to a.height of 300 feet, with a base circumference of 30 to
50 feet. The best.average trees are 150 feet clear of limbs and five
to six feet in diameter. The fir is the staple of commerce, prized
for its durability and strength. The great bodies of this timber are
found on Vancouver Island, on the coast of the Mainland and in the
Selkirk and Gold Mountains. Next to the Douglas fir in importance
are the cypress and red cedar, both of which are of great value and
much in demand. Red cedar shingles are the standard, and are finding an increasing market in Eastern Canada. The white spruce is
also much sought after by certain builders for use in the better
class of buildings. Hemlock is abundant in the Province and possesses qualities which should make it more valued than it is. The
western species is different and much superior to the eastern hemlock, and is as serviceable in many ways as more prized lumber.
There are many other tree of commercial value which are manufactured into lumber, including white pine, tamarac, balsam, yew,
maple and cottonwood.
The trees indigenous to the Province are: White fir, western
white fir, mountain balsam, large-leaved maple, vine maple, red
alder, arbutus, western birch, canoe birch, western dogwood, red
cedar, American larch, mountain larch, western larch white spruce,
_ western black spruce, black spruce, white-marked pine, scrub pine,
white mountain pine, yellow pine, western crab-apple, balsam, poplar,
cottonwood, aspen, cherry, Douglas fir, western white oak, lance-
leaved willow, willow, western yew, giant cedar, yellow cypress or
cedar, western hemlock, Alpine hemlock.
There
illls i
the Pre
, big 8 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMB1
i   OF   TRADE.
door factories, representing—with logging plants, logging railw£
tug boats, etc., and exclusive of the value of lands purchased i
leased as timber limits—about $20,000,000 of capital invested in 1
..473,713,900
Year. Feet.
1906   570,721,923
1907   846,000,000
The figures of timber cut on Provincial lands for the year ending
December 31st, 1908, show a total of 560,364,560 feet. The quantities
cut on Dominion lands in the Railway Belt and on E. & N. lands
on Vancouver Island are hot available, but assuming that they are
up to the average of former years, the total cut will fall short of
that of 1907. Dullness in the building trades and the short crop of
1907 in the Prairie Provinces are accountable for this falling off.
The demand for standing timber is v
and United States lumbermen, as well :
in the Province, showing a keen rivalry in securing licenses for
tracts of timber in all parts of the Province. The Urgency of the
demand for timber is shown by the number "of timber-cutting
licenses issued during the past four years, which were as follows:
   1,451 1906      3,960
These figures are exclusive of hand-loggers' licenses issued during the year, and show a remarkable increase in the acreage of
timber staked. As each licence represents a square mile, or 640 acres,
the number of acres taken up in each year would be:
Year.
..1,390,080
The immense area of timber covered by applications for licences
at the close of 1907 caused the Government to declare a reserve on
all timber lands undisposed of, and in consequence no more licences
to cut timber will be granted.
Notwithstanding the great increase in production, the prices of
logs and manufactured lumber have just about doubled in the period
covered by the above tables, and the tendency "seems to be towards
still higher prices in the future.
itish Columbia cedar shingles a
a and the Atlantic States, as wel
of the shingle business, as well a
,- promising.
high favour in Eastern
l the Middle West. The
'. of lumbering generally, population increased in the interi
demand for lumber became greater, and  s
was confined almost
is attracted capital,
1 the Prairie Provin
r market.    There
of  about  280,01
i  in-v
-estm
ent  of
tpplie
s $2,
500,000
ly to
the
prairie
PULP AND PAPER
manufacture of paper pulp and paper, British
out a rival. Possessing as she does her full
share of the enormous timber reserve of Canada, her geographical
position gives her a decided advantage over other places, for her
pulp wood borders the ocean or the numerous rivers and streams
which furnish easy and cheap communication with deep water harbours. With transportation charges at a minimum and an unlimited
supply of the raw material of the very best quality, British Columbia
should be in a position to supply the greater half of the world with
wood pulp, or, better still, with paper of every grade and quality^ and
in every form in which paper is used in the industrial arts. While
the pulp and paper mills of Eastern Canada may find markets in the
Eastern States and Europe, British Columbia should absolutely control the rapidly developing markets of Asia and Australia An
important factor in favour of this industry is the density of the
British Columbia forest. Another important point is the mildness
of the  coast climate,  which permits  of work  being  done the year
the Provincial Gov*
for the granting of
to embark in this
ablishment "of pulp and paper mills
nt, a few years ago, passed a law providing
pecial leases to individuals or companies desiring
nterprise. The result has been the formation of
at least two of which are now engaged in pre-
i activ
>efore the close
The coast of British Columbia, embracing all the sea-front
which lies between the 49th and 55th parallels of north latitude, pre-
. sents an ideal field for the prosecution of a great fishing industry in
all its branches. The coast is indented by innumerable bays,
sounds, inlets and other arms of the sea, so that the actual Mainland
Shore line, not including Vancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte
Islands, exceeds 7,000 miles, while thousands of islands shelter the
inshore waters from the fury of ocean storms.    This vast maze of IA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD
water is alive with all k
inds of fish, from the mighty whale .to the
tiny  sardine,  but  until  'i
rery  recently  commercial  fishing has  been
practically confined to  t
tie  taking of salmon.    The fertility  of the
soil,  the wealth of the r
nines and the quality and quantity of the
1 from the fisheries, and it
is but lately that their importance has begun to be recognized. The
salmon, swarming in myriads to the mouths of the rivers during the
spawning season, forced men to appreciate their value, and as they
proved an easy prey, salmon canning was established as one of the
great industries of the Province.
To convey an idea of the importance of the fisheries it is only
necessary to quote from the 39th annual report of the Department of
Marine and Fisheries:
"The Province of British Columbia shows the vast increase of
over $4,500,000. For the first time in the history of our record has
Nova Scotia been superseded as the banner fish-producing Province
of Canada."
That was in 1905, when the total yield of Canadian fisheries was
$29,479,562, of which British Columbia contributed $9,850,216, about
30 per cent. Of this grand total, $8,330,713 was derived from salmon,
halibut contributing $445,070, and herring $243,140. These figures,
while proving beyond question the great commercial value of British
Columbia's salmon fisheries, suggest the immense possibilities which
await the development of the numerous other branches of the fishing
business. The product of the Atlantic Coast fisheries, long recognized as a prime factor in the economic fabric of Canada, will one
day be equalled and probably surpassed by those of British Columbia.
Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Quebec
produced fish to the value of $15,109,891 in 1905, as against British
Columbia's $9,850,216; but it must be borne in mind that the Atlantic
fisheries have reached almost their maximum of development, while
those of the Pacific have been seriously attacked in only one branch
—salmon. It is, therefore, but reasonable to expect very different
results when British Columbia's fisheries reach the same stage of
development for, practically inexhaustible, the only limit to their
output should be the lack of markets,  a contingency not likely to
principal food fishes of the North Pacific are:  Salmon (five
, viz.:   Sockeye, spring or tyee, cohoe, humpback and dog), APPENDICES. OI
Halibut  are  caught  in great numbers  off the  coast,  and  their
industry, second only to salmon canning. In 1907 the total catch of
halibut on the Pacific Coast was about 50,000,000 pounds, of which
British Columbia supplied over 16,000,000.
Herring of excellent quality are taken on the east coast of
Vancouver Island, the present centre of the industry being Nanaimo.
They are pronounced equal to the Atlantic fish by experts, engaged
by the Dominion Government to instruct the British Columbia fishermen in the best methods of curing and packing. The catch of
herring is increasing annually, and promises to become a very
important branch of the fishing business. During the eeason of
1908, 20,000 tons of herring were taken at Nanaimo, most of Which
was shipped to Japan. Cod fishing has not been given much attention, but seems to offer good opportunities for profit if carried on
systematically. The oolachan, a fish of the smelt family, swarms to
3 in the early summer and is caught In large quantities by
ns, with whom it is a staple food. It is a delicious fish,
delicate in flavour, and should afford profitable business if canned or
otherwise preserved for export.
There are many other sea products which might be turned to
account with advantage. Very little has been done in the minor
branches of the fishing industry, yet there is little doubt that
canning crabs, clams, sardines, smelts, prawns, shrimps, etc., could
be made to pay handsomely while giving employment to a large
number of people.
the river:
the India
Whales
s plentiful ;
; the coast and in the North Pacific.
The Pacific Whaling Company has established three stations on the
coast of Vancouver Island and its operations are proving highly
profitable. The bulk of the whales taken are of the sulphur bottom
variety, averaging 70 to 85 tons in weight and from 60 to 80 feet in
* length.
Sealing was at one time a leading source of profit in British
Columbia, but the business has fallen off considerably of late, owing
to restrictions imposed by the Behring Sea Award and the decreasing
number of seals. The average catch for five years ending 1903 was
26,300 skins, as compared with an average of 62,600 skins for the
s-year period.    The Victoria sealing fleet, 1905, consisted
of 37  schoon
and 330 India
lied 13,7
n  188  wer
1906 the c
, the smallest e ORIA.
BRITISH   COLUMBIA
RD   OF  TRADE.
The sockeye s:
greater numbers <
and fishermen anc
i big year,  1,247,212
3 kind most prized for canning, appear in-
rth year. These are called "big years,"
make special preparations for them. Incases of salmon were put up in British
Columbia, worth $5,986,000, and co
60,000,000 pounds. The figures fc
1,167,822 cases. In 1906 the pack c
547,459 cases, and in 1908, 543,689 c
itaining 12,500,000 fish, weighing: -
• 1905, another big year, were
insisted of 629,460 cases, in 19.07„
ises.    These were average years.
brought togethei
the arrangei
lished in ch
i Columbia affords excellent educational opportunities- !
1 system is free and non-sectarian, and is equally as-
i that of any other Province of the Dominion. The Pro-
vernment expenditure for educational purposes exceeds
mually. The Government builds a school-house, makes a
incidental expenses, and pays a teacher in every district
ty children between the ages of six and sixteen can be
ng farming districts and mining camps-
tntageous. High schools are also estab-
and higher mathematics are taught,
is affiliated with McGill University,
and high schools are in charge of
and receive a per capita grant in aid
Attendance in public schools is
Department  is presided   over  by  a
and the Victoria High School
Montreal. Victoria city public
trustees elected by the citizens
from the Provincial Gov
compulsory. The Educational
Minister of the Crown. Climate of Vancouver Island
Dr. Bryce, in "The Climate and Health Resorts of Canada," says:
"In all this country," from the south of Vancouver Island to the
Queen Charlotte Islands, "the fruits of temperate climates grow well,
and farm animals live outdoors the year round. The rich bottoms
of the Fraser delta have long been famous for their great hay crops
and pasture lands; but here the extreme of rainfall is met, the mean
for six years being 59.66 inches at New Westminster. The climate of
the great Island of Vancouver, running north-west across two
degrees of longitude and two degrees of latitude, presents every
variety from that at the sea coast, with, as at Esquimalt, a very low
daily range and no annual extremes—the lowest temperature in two
years being 8 degrees F., the lowest monthly average being 20
degrees F., and the highest in summer being 82 degrees F.—to that
as above Alberni on the West Coast, where the Vancouver range
rises first into a plateau to 4,000 feet and even to 7,500 feet in
Victoria Peak."
"Apart from the mineral wealth of Vancouver Island, its climate,
with every variation possible, becomes most attractive. Its seashore
climate is milder than many parts of England, with less rain and
less seasonal variations."
Climate of Victoria, B. C.
There are many beautiful localities in this Grand Province of
British Columbia, and the general healthiness of the various climatic
conditions throughout the whole of its extensive boundaries, is a
point on which there is a universal consensus of favourable opinion.
Pre-eminent, however, for its natural beauty and its delightful
climate, stands Victoria, the ''Queen City," the capital of the
Province and the seat of its Government. Situated at the southeastern extremity of Vancouver Island, its insular climate is considered to be the most delightful on the Pacific Coast, and has been
compared to that of the south of England.
'It is spoken of as England without its east winds. In reality
it is Torquay in the Pacific; a mild and even winter with rain and
occasional snow, an early spring; a dry and, warm summer, and a
bright and enjoyable atmosphere; thunderstorms are seldom seen
here, they can be heard in the interior, but are rarely experienced."
The situation of Victoria, sheltered by the Island
ranges, causes its rainfall to be much less than that of the cities of
Vancouver and New Westminster on the adjacent Mainland. The
greater portion of the moisture from the ocean has been caught and
condensed on the westward side of the Island ranges, and a second
heavy precipitation does not occur until the moisture-giving winds
" strike the highlands on the opposite coast. VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUM
Meteorological Statistic
AV
RAGE TEM
PERATURE
II Jan. |Feb. | Mar.
Ap..
May|june
July
Aug. Sep. | Oct
Nov. Dec
Year
1904.... 41.3 39.4 41.0 50.8
1905 | 41.041.7,47.9 50.3
1906... .41.644.044.550.9
1907... .33.3.41.742.448.4
1908....  41 6 41.0 43.7 48.5
1909.... 32.5 41.3 43.6 47.3
52.1;58.0
59!5J57.150!4
"r
50.0
HIGHEST TEMPERATURE
1904....
55.1
49.3 52.0
73.673. 2|79. 0J82. 3J82. 2I73
.4|66.2|60.o|55.6|| 82.2
1905....
55.0
56.4 68.0
71.0 72.2 68.7184.2 78 4 75
1906....
53 1
55.2 63.0
70.7 72.4 77.5 88.5 80.5 71
1907....
48.?,
53.157.0
67.2 76.778.2 87.178.1 84
.7 68.0 58.4 56.1   87.1
1908....
49.3
51.2 55.2
73.2 66.2 79.4 83.2 83 7 75
1909....
|50.8
53.5;55.8 60.4 71.7|75»|78.0|76.4|80
.9|68.6|....|....||....
1904....
27.7l24.5l27.8i35
.2J40.2J43.2|49.0|45
.9|43.0|40 2|34.0b8.2||
24.5
1905....
1906....
1907....
14.8 25.5 28 7 32
1908....
.9 39.7 40.0 44.2 47
23.7
1909....
7.4 28.2|H0.5|32
.0|34.3|42.2|44.9|44
.3|38.3|36.7|....|....||
1904....
4 05
3.40
3.43 0.75
6.4911.36 0.43 0.50 0.32 0.SS 5.23 4 71 25.60
1905....
2 811
2 27
1.390.21
2.83 1.06 0.101.21 4 03 2.81 0.91 2.S2 22.53
1906....
2.27
1.66
0.670.4S
1.810.65 0.16 0.53 3.14 5.60 6.13 3.82 26.90
1907 ...
2.84
3.87
1.401. SU
0.35 0.33 0.39 0.23 1.21 0.73 4.68 4.7S 21.91
1908....
3.16
4 3(1
4.58 0.63
1.27 0.90 0.15 0.67 0.62 2.33 4.02 4.88 26.70
1909....
2.68
2.17
0.730.61
0.96 0.47 0.92 0.47 0.79 2.31 ........  	
1904....
25
22
20
■Wh
9
5
5
2
5
8
22
24
154
1905....
17
10
18
4
8
4
7
14
1 1
18
139
1906....
21
14
10
9
14
4
11
18
16
18
145
1907....
15
16
14
8
3
5
2
7
11
20
137
1908....
16
17
8
9
4
4
7
14
16
15
133
1909...
19
19
9
5
10
6
7
3
7
15
1904..
1905 .
1906..
1907..
1908..
1909.. 1907
1908
1909
MOOTH.
I
s
Is
s2
g|
11
Jj
!?
8
a
rH
Q
January....
98.48
.36
+  .17
65.00
.24
-   .03
46.12
.17
-   .02
75.3C
.2(1
+„,!>.(
80.42
.27
-      0
84 12
3f
+   .04
March	
173.12
.47
+   .1(
128.4t
.35
-   .02
116.2'
.3?
-   .05
217.36
.-■*»
+   .12
165.45
.4(
-   .Ol
231.18
56
+   .14
May 	
258.12
55
+   .1'
159.4J
.3<
-   .07
-227.3C
48
+   .06
June	
213.18
4_
-      (
247.5<
.5'
+   .1
272.06
56
+   .10
312.12
.65
+   .07
320.5'
*.6li
+   .08
266:0'
53
-    05
August	
226.06
.51
-   .0i
280.30
.6:-
+   .05
277 5'
6?
+   .05
166.06
:At
-   .05
201.0(
.5:-
+   .06
207.15
5-
+   .08
October ....
113.12
.31-
-   .Of
109.1J
.32
- .of;
100 0(
29
-   .06
November..
74.42
+   .08
66.4t
.2'
-      .0':
December ..
27.00
.10
-   .05
61.48
.24
+   .10
Total...
1955.54
+ 0.47
1888.18
+ 0.20
ving   comparison   ;
Torquay 37
Oxford 32 Edinburgh 25
"The rainfall is more seasonal than that of London, though
greater in amount. From May to September is usually a period of
small rainfall and bright skies at Victoria, while in London the
summer and winter rainfall is not very different, and the percentage
of bright sunshine from May to August at Victoria is largely in
excess of that of London."
BRITISH COLUMBIA
lowing table  gives  the  average  for  the  Provi
Mean lannual temperature  45.3
Average of highest temperature  90.9
Average of ■ lowest temperature  9.0 beloi
Mean annual precipitation (rain or snow)  .   .   . 46.32 incl VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE. APPENDICES.
BAG  LIMIT  FOR  ONE   SEASON
5 Caribou (bull).
5 Deer.
2 Elk or Wapiti  (bull).
2 Moose   (bull).
5 Mountain  Goat.
3 Mountain Sheep (ram).
250 Duck.
250 Snipe.
SALE OF GAME
The following game birds and animals i
Duck, Snipe, Heron and Plover betwee
last day of February.
Moose  (bull),  Mountain Sheep   (ram),
(bull) and Hare between the 1st October i
Deer  (buck only),  between 1st Septet
On Vancouver Island and islands adjacent
time to sell any animals, young or old, mal
Black-tailed Deer.
only may be sold:
l the first September and
Mountain Goat,  Caribou
nd 31st December,
iber and 15th November.
thereto, unlawful at any
>. or female, of the species
ILLEGAL AT ANT TIME—
.  the
and Land Otter and
i non-resident.
ny kind imported for
animals or birds killed under licence granted
To kill or take game birds or animals of
acclimatization purposes.
To hunt deer with dogs.
To kill deer for the hides alone.
To trap, net, snare <
drugged bait or other cont
Act, or to attempt to do so.
To take, or attempt to take, Trout by using any e
poison, net, seine, drag-net or other device, other than hook and line.
(In lakes of 50 square miles or over, nets, seine or drag, are allowed).
To use salmon roe as bait for taking Trout.
To buy or sell heads of Mountain Sheep, Elk or Wapiti, Moose,
Caribou, or the teeth of Wapiti or Elk.
To sell Grouse of any kind, Prairie Chicken or Ptarmigan.
To kill any game birds or animals between one hour after sunset
by  means  of  gins,   baited  lines,
any of the birds mentioned in the
To use for taking wild ducks or geese batteries
unken punts in non-tidal waters.
To expose for sale any Deer, Mountain Shee
Papiti, Moose or Caribou without the head on.
To expose any game bird for sale without its ■
: expose for sale any game birds or an 88 VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
To keep game in cold storage at any time.
To trespass or permit dogs to enter on enclosed lands.
To buy, sell, or offer for sale, barter or exchange any deer of
the black-tailed species, alive or dead, or the skin or hide, or any
portion thereof, on Vancouver Island and adjacent islands.
To export from the Province any deer, alive or dead, the hide
or any other portion thereof.
To kill, take, trap, or attempt to kill or take, beaver, or sell,
barter or have in possession untanned pelts of beaver at any time
during the period of six years from the 1st August, 1905.
To take trout under six inches in length.
Illegal to shoot or discharge a fire-arm within the harbor to
the north of a line drawn from Shoal Point to Work Point, or in
Victoria Arm between Point Ellice Bridge and the north side of the
Gorge Bridge.
Illegal to shoot or discharge a firearm in that part of the harbor
lying to the south of a line drawn easterly from Brockton Point to
the south-east corner of District Lot 274 (North Vancouver), and to
the west of a line drawn southerly from the said south-east corner
of District Lot 274 to the north-east corner of District Lot 184 on
the south side of said harbor.
PENALTIES
The general penalty for each offence is a fine not exceeding $100
or 30 days' imprisonment, or both fine and imprisonment.
For shooting Mountain Sheep, Wapiti or Elk, Moose and Caribou
out of season, or in excess of the number allowed, a fine of $50 for
For shooting Mountain Goat out of season, or in excess of the
number allowed, a fine of $20 for each animal.
For shooting Deer out of season, or in excess of number allowed,
a fine of $25 for each animal.
For taking Trout out of season, a fine not exceeding $50.
For taking Trout by illegal devices, a fine not exceeding $250.
ARREST, SEARCH, ETC.
Any Constable, Peace Officer or Game Warden can arrest without warrant any person found committing an offence against the
Game Act, and has power to search persons, vessels and conveyances,
and shops where game is usually exposed for sale, storehouses, warehouses, restaurants, hotels or eating houses. APPENDICES.
MUNICIPAL  STATI
(From the Official Report,
STICS
OF VICTORIA
89
CORPORATION OF THE CITY
SUNDRY PROPERTIES (CAPIT/
Fixed.    Real Property-
City Hall   	
L ASSETS
..$114,000
.-". e
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
30
Fire   halls
22 600
Agricultural   buildings  and  grounds   	
..    99,500
Market property   	
. .  114,500
Electric light station   	
..    22,000
Isolation Hospital  	
Gorge Park	
North   Park   	
James  Bay mud  flats   	
. .    44,225
. .    21,000
..    21,000
Lot 1, Block 70, Fort property  	
..     .0,000
5849,125.00
Other Property-
Water Works construction account   	
. .   893,045
00
60
00
00
00
00
Furniture,  Home for the Aged  	
Furniture,  City Hall  	
Furniture  and  books,  Carnegie  Library   ..
1,500
7,000
004,037.73
Passive—
Sewerage system   Schedule C
. .  726,377.60
..  162,177.97
. .  106,271.50
. .  121,298.96
fm
Victoria City Assessment, 1909—
17,961,060.00
10,365,060.00
Assessed value of improvements  	
Total VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TRADE. Exports
: showing the value of Exports from the Port of Vicll
parately, during the twelve months ending J une 30th
July  $ 65,027
August  146,456
September  88,354
October    213,184
November   85.740
December  135,636
1909
January     107,474
February  101,085
May  145.248
June  99.014
$1,389,636
14.318
32,959
20,748
'3.285
7.53o
10,186
2.367
5.569
10,334
Shipping VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF APPENDICES.
Victoria Post Office Statistics.
Years Ending 31st March, 1908 and 1909
1908
.Gross Postal Revenue     $ 84,769 67
Total amount of Money Orders issued     $369,140 88
Number of Money Orders paid     No.   18,894
Total amount of Money Orders paid     $460,943 63
Total amount of Postal Notes paid         32,774 89
Inland Revenue Collections at Victoria.
Years Ending 30th June 1907, 1908 and 1909.
1907 1908
Spirits  $126.78752 $129,10551   ;
Malt        26,12890 33,749 70
Tobacco        36,59068 41,96284
Raw Leaf Tobacco         4.498 70 7,564 80
Cigars        12,054 60 13.907 60
Methylated Spirits            291 44 313 48
Licenses         2,321 25 1,432 50
Other Receipts         1,91285 1,62001
Totals     $210,585 94   $229,656 44   3
$ 88,895 °7
No. 26,527
$427,357 80
3.45o 84
No. 20,226
$466,786 II
28,994 44
[28,728
35.47'
1.467 5
2,670 4
Consuls, Victoria, B. C.
Belgium—Thos. R. Smith, 706 Cook St.
France—Col. F. B.  Gregory,  52 Langley St
Germany—Carl Loewenberg,  83 Wharf Stn
Norway—F. A. Futcher, Temple Building.
Sweden—Thos. R.  Smith,  706  Cook St.
United States—Abraham E. Smith, Go-
Mexico—J.  B.  H.  Rickaby,  Bastion Street.
Lloyd's Agent, Victoria, B.C.—Norman Hard: SH COLUMBIA, BOARD OF TRADE.
Scale of Commercial Charges.
the following shall  be
On the purchase of stock, bonds, and all kinds of
securities, including the drawing of bills for the
payment of the same   2
On sale of stocks, bonds, and-all kinds of securities,
including remittances in bills and guarantee .. 2
On purchase and sale of specie, gold dust and bullion 1
On sale of bills of exchange with endorsement   2
On sale of bills of exchange without endorsement..  3
For endorsing bills of exchange when desired   2
On sale of produce, etc., from foreign ports, with
guarantee       1
On goods received on consignment and afterwards
withdrawn    ,   2
On goods received on consignment and afterwards
returned by the consignee      1
On  purchase  and  shipment  of  merchandise with
funds on hand, on cost and charges   5
On purchase and shipment of merchandise, without,
funds, on cost and charges    7
For collecting  and  remitting  delayed  or  litigated
For collecting freight by vessels from foreign ports,
on amount collected     5
For collecting general claims   5
For collecting general average, on the first $20,000.00,
or any smaller amount  5
For collecting general average,  on any  excess over
$20,000.00       2%
On purchase and sale of vessels  5
For "Port Agency" to vessels with cargo or passengers from foreign ports, as under:
On vessels under 200 tons register $ 50.00
of 200 to 300 tons register ..  100.00
of 300 to 500 tons register. .150.00
" over 500 tons register   200.00
-For  disbursements  of vessels  by consignees  with
funds on hand ^2%
For disbursements of vessels by consignees without
funds on hand    5
For procuring freight or passengers   5 APPENDICES.
For chartering vessels on amount of freight, actual
or estimated, to be considered as due when the
"charter parties," or memorandum of their conditions, etc., are signed    6
On giving bonds for vessels under attachment in
For landing and re-shipping goods from vessels in
t value   >-.	
For receiving and forwarding goods on invoice
amount     2%
.   For advancing on freight to be earned  5
.   For  effecting   marine   insurance,   on the amount
-   Insured        %
. The foregoing commissions to be exclusive of
brokerage, and every charge actually incurred.
. Vessels to pay clerk hire and the labour on wharf,
sorting and delivering cargo.
. The receipt of bills of lading to be considered
equivalent to receipt of goods.
.    Guarantee or security for contracts or liabilities ..  5
.   Acting as Trustee on assignments  5
'.   On Investments made on mortgage or otherwise .. 1
N.B.—Auctioneer's commission and brokerage to
" be charged when incurred.
. Land agents for commission on sale or purchase of
real estate    5
| Interest on advances for duty, freight and lighterage, and on accounts current, per annum, 1 per
cent, over current bank overdraft rates.
RATES ON STORAGE OF MERCHANDISE.
Storage per month.
On measurement goods, 50 cents per
(40 c. ft.) On heavy goods, 50 cents per ton
either case the amount actually paid, if n
have the option of charging by measuremei
tion of a month to be charged as a month.
Regulations
(a.)    Concerning   the- delivery   of   merchandise,   payment   of
freight, etc.: "When no express stipulation exists per bill of lading,
goods are to be considered as deliverable on shore.
(b.) Freight o
tion of the captain
of the goods.
on of forty cubic feet
of 2,240 pounds. Or in
ire. The consignee to
; or weight.   Any frac-
jssel, prior to the delivery VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD
(c.) After delii
for damage, deficien
sold and delivered b
o the purchaser of the goods sold, no claim
other cause shall be admissible after goods
nee left the city.
(d.) "When foreign bills of lading express
fre'ights shall be paid in a specific coin, then tt
cured if required, or its equivalent given, the r
by the current value at the time at the banks.
stipulate that the
3 to be determined
The foregoing scale of Commercial charges and Rules and Regu-
itions were approved at the Quarterly General Meeting of the
ritish Columbia Board of Trade, held October 21st, 1898.
Ordinary Port Charges, Victoria, B. C.
Bill  t
ialth  .
Pilotage (as per schedule below).
Port agency 	
Dockage charge (no cargo landed),  $4 for
and  %c. for each additional ton.
Stevedoring—
Balla
Lumber and timber, per M feet	
DISCHARGING
General cargo  (weight and n
Coal,  per  ton    ,	
[2240
sxcepting  mud),  per 1
Pilotage.
(1) Port of Victoria.
(2) Port of Esquimalt APPENDICES. 97
The limits of said Ports shall be inside a line drawn from
Clover Point to Brotchy Ledge (upon which a stone beacon
electric light is placed), bearing about "W. by S. % S.—and a
line drawn from Brotchy Ledge to Fisguard Light House
(outside Scroggs' Rocks and Brother's Island), bearing approximately W. by N.
:s for speaking vessels bound i
it or outside a line drawn fron
ind,  bearing N. E.  and  S. W.
d eithe-
(6) - Any vessel, arriving at any Port within this Pilotage Dis
trict, and not having been spoken in compliance with the
Pilotage Act, it shall be optional with the Master of such
vessel as to the taking of a pilot outward.
(7) Vessels calling at "William's Head Quarantine Station, and
immediately proceeding to the Port of Victoria or Esquimalt,
shall be subject to the charges prescribed under Clause (6)
only.
DUES.
(a) Vessels bound to other Ports and coming to an anchor in
yal Roads, the pilotage shall be free, except the services of a
lot are employed, when pilotage according to the following grad-
ted scale shall be payable:
From Inside or North of Race Rocks
50 per cent, of the prescribed rat!
From Beechy Head to Royal Roads c
From Pillar Point to Royal Roads or
From Cape Flattery to Royal Roads c
oyal Bay o
vi<
e versa,
ider Clause
(bi.
Sec. 18.
se versa, $1
$h
Der foot.
versa, $3.0C
pe
r foot.
=e versa, $6
00
jer foot.
(&)
nto  (
the inw<
, and 50 per c
t. of the above r
ward voyage.
and %-cent per n
For Regular steamers in the coasting trade
Francisco and Lynn Canal inclusive, the rate shall b<
same as for Regular ocean steamers, as rated in Clau
For vessels under sail, $2.00 per foot draught of water
1 cent, per net registered ton.
For sailing vessels in tow, $1.50 per foot draught of -s
and 1 cent per net registered ton. VICTORIA,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TRADE.
For all vessels entering into or clearing from William's Head
Quarantine Station, the rates shall be 50 per cent, of the
prescribed rates of any class of vessel for Victoria and Esquimalt, subject to exemptions in Sec. 17, Clause 7; provided, however, that all coasters between San Francisco and
Lynn Canal inclusive when compelled by special instructions
from the Dominion Government to call at William's Head
Quarantine Station, shall be exempt from Pilotage dues,
i pilot are requested.
(7)    For all vessels of 500 tons and under,   75   cents per foot
draught of water.
NOTE.—The Dues before mentioned are subject to a discount of 20%.
(c) Gulf Pilotage—For all vessels, from the.limits of the Ports
of Victoria and Esquimalt to the limits of all ports on Puget Sound
and Gulf of Georgia and vice versa, the rate of Pilotage shall be
$1.00 per foot draught of water.
(a!) Vessels proceeding from Victoria to Esquimalt, and vice
versa, and having discharged or received a portion of their cargo in
either harbor, and having paid tul]. pilotage into either harbor, if
proceeding with the assistance of steam, shall pay $1.50 per foot.
(e) Any fraction of a foot not exceeding six inches shall be paid
for as half a foot, and any, fraction of a foot exceeding six inches
shall be paid for as a foot.
(/) Pilots shall, when called upon to do so, remove vessels
from one part of either harbor to another part of the same harbor
for the specific charge of $10.00 for each and eve"ry removal.
(g. The Pilotage Authority shall have power under this By-law
to make such arrangements from time to time concerning the
pilotage of vessels making regular trips between Victoria and Puget
Sound, as to them may appear necessary or expedient in the interests
of Trade and Commerce.
(h) Compulsory payment of Pilotage dues is not chargeable
against vessels while in Royal Roads, unless such vessels shall enter
either or both the harbors of Victoria and Esquimalt.
(j) When a vessel is bound to or from any other port in the
Province, either laden or in ballast, and does not discharge or receive
any cargo, passengers or mails, but simply enters it as a harbor of
refuge, such vessel shall be exempt from Pilotage into and out of
Esquimalt, excepting in cases where a Pilot is actually engaged by
the Master for such services.
(/) Steamers making regular trips to Victoria and Esquimalt
and having paid the prescribed rates under Clause (b) on the inward
voyage and returning again to either of said harbors within a period
of 20 days, shall only pay one-half the inward rates. Esquimalt Graving Dock.
Esquimalt Marine Raiiway.
Cradle,  length      300 feet.
Beam         60     "
For scale of charges, apply to the Manager, W.  F. Bullen, Victoria, B. 0
Victoria Machinery Depot.
MARINE  RAILWAY.
Cradle, length   280 feet.
Beam      69 ft. 2 in
For scale of charges, apply to the Company, Victoria, B. C.
British Columbia Marine Railway Co.
Cradle, length   180 feet.
For scale of charges, apply to the Manager, Victoria, B. C. 

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