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Thirty-fourth annual report of the Victoria British Columbia Board of Trade : together with various appendices,… Victoria (B.C.). Board of Trade 1913

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_x:    Thirty-Fourth Annual Report
Board of Trade
JULY,   1913  Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade
OFFICERS  1913-1914
J. L. Beckwith
Beaumont Boggs
H. F. Bullen   '
R. L. Drury
F. Elworthy
A. C. Flumerfelt
Jas. Forman
J. S.  C. Fraser
D. R. Ker
Simon Leiser
Capt. W. H. Logan
C. H. Lugrin
Board of Arbitration
J. A. Mara
H. A. Munn
Hon. E. G. Prior
A.  G.  Sargison
J.  J.   Shallcross
H.  B. Thomson
J. W. Ambery
E. V. Bodwell
Beaumont Boggs
Lindley Crease
R. L. Drury
W. K. Houston
G. A. Kirk
Simon Leiser
Capt. W. H. Logan
J. A. Mara
A. W. McCurdy
C. E. Redfern
F. A. Futcher (Chair
C. Loe.
Commerce and Transportation
-nan)           R. W. Douglas           Jno. R. Green "
venberg           W. J. M. Sandels
W. A. Jameson (Chairman)         Geo. Ager
L. D. McLean         R. W. P
Capt. W. H. Logan
B. C. Mess (Chairma
i)              J. L Beckwith
hard Hall            D. Leen
Fredk. Norris (Chairman) S. F. Tolm
E. A. Wallace
F. B. Pemberton (Cha
m) F. L. Crawford R. F. Tayloi
Wm. Blakemore (Chairman)        A. C. Burdick       H. B. Thomson
T. H. Slater (Chairman) W. R. Dale Norman Hardie
H. J. Scott L. Tait
Public Works and Railways
J. O. Cameron (Chairman)        G. Gray Donald        Hugh Kennedy
J. Herrick McGregor H. Despard Twigg
Harbours and Navigation
F. A. Pauline (Chairman) Beaumont Boggs C. H. Lugrin
Capt. W. H. Logan H. G. Wilson
Railway Freights
1 Leiser (Chairman) J. O. Cameron A. E. McLes
J. C. Pendray E. A. Wa
s Hall (Chairman)
H. O. Kirkh;
City Affairs
A. E. Allen P. R. .
m A. W. McCurdy
M. B. Jackson (Chairmai
A. P. Luxl
C. T. Cross R. S. Day
H. W. R. Moore
Hon. D. M. Eberts (Chairman)        J. W„ Amb
G. A. Kirk J. E. Wilsc
E. E. Billinghurs
alter S. Fras
Geo. W. Mitchell Officers of the Chamber of Commerce, of Victoria, Vancouver Island
R Bumab
Jules David	
Henry Rhodes	
Gustav Sutro	
Henry Rhodes	
T. L. Stahlschmidt,	
Officers of the Victoria,. British Columbia, Board of Trade
Oct. 28th,)
Wiiliam Charles
July 3,'801
R. P. Rithet, J. P	
R. P. Rithet, J. P	
R. P. Eithet, J. P	
R. P. Rithet, J. P	
R. P. Rithet, J. P	
William Charles
Roderick Finlayson	
Roderick Finlayson	
Jacob H. Todd, J. P	
Robert Ward] j! p!!!!!!!!! §
Thomas B. HaU	
Thomas B. Hall	
Thomas B. Hall	
C, E. Ren?ufrfeU
F Elworthy
A. C. Flumerfelt  	
Gus. Leiser	
G. Leiser, G. A. Kirk	
D. R. Ker :	
L. G. McQuade	
C. F. Todd	
P. Elworthy
IT. W. Paterson f
P A  Pauline
1''. A. Pauline	
Simon Leiser	
H. G. Wilson."..!;'..!"'.'.'.'.'.'...'.
J. J. Shallcross	
F. Elworthy
Hon. E. G. Prior	
Allen, A. E.
Ambery, J. W.
Anstie, H. K.  .
•Canadian Mosaic Tile Co Manager.
Allen & Co Clothier.
Jliram Walker & Sons Agent.
.Canadian Fairbanks Co., Ltd. Manager.
.Canadian Financiers, Ltd. .. Manager.
Barnard, G. H.
Barnard, F. S. .
Barnes, H. T.  .
Bodwell, E. V. .
Boggs, Beaumoi
Bone, W. H.
Boultree, A. p. ,
Brenchley, R. I
Bridgman, A. \
Briggs, H. C. .
Brown, Guy S. .
. .Barnard & Robertson Barrister-at-Law.
..B.C. Electric Ry. Co Managing  Director.
. -R. P. Rithet & Co Insurance.
. .Union S.S. Co Agent.
. -Hudson's Bay Company . .. .Manager.
. .E. & N. Ry Superintendent.
. .Betterton & Jones Financial Agent.
. .B.C. Development Co Agent.
 J'rnalist and Min'g I
. -Bodwell & Lawson   Barrister-at-Law.
 Real  Estate.
. .Hibben & Co Stationery, etc.
. .Bank of Toronto   Manager.
. .F. R. Stewart & Co Wholesale Fruits, et<
. . Real
. .Harv
. .Can. Puget Sd. Lbr. Co Lumber.
. .P. R. Brown, Ltd Real Estate a
. .B.C. Marine Ry. Co Ship Builder.
. .B.C. Marine Ry. Co Ship Builder.
. .B.C. Marine Ry. Co Ship Builder.
. .Green & Burdick   Real Estate a
. Port
i Cem
Cameron, J. O Cameron Lumber Co., Ltd...Lumberman.
Cameron, W.' G , Merchant.
Campbell, Angus   Campbell & Co Ladies' Outfitter.
Campbell,  D.  E Chemist
Carlin, M Carlin Bros Contractor.
Carline, J. R, Bowman Invest. Co., Ltd. .. Financial Agent.
Carter, Geo Geo. Carter & Son, Ltd Com. Merchant.
Catterall, Thomas  Contractor and Bui
Challoner, W. L Retired Jeweller.
Christianson, W. D.   .E. P. Charlton & Co. . Manager.
Christie,  William   .. .P. McQuade & Sons Manager. VICTOBIA, BEITISII  COLUMBIA,  BOARD
Christie, A. E Union Bank of Canada ...
.Harbour Master.
e Co.
. Manager.
.Real Estate and Ins.
.Retired Merchant.
.Building Supplies.
.Real Estate and Ins.
. Printer and Publisher.
Collison, Jno. J.  . . .
Coulson, W. L	
Courtney, Geo. L.  .
Crawford, F. L.
Crease,  Lindley   ...
Cross, C. T	
. Pioneer Coffee & Spice Mill
. .Canadian Collieries, Ltd. . .
. .Sidney Island Brick and Ti
. .Can. Bank of Commerce ..
Crotty, H. S	
Crowe, H. J	
Cusack, Thos. R.  ..
Cuthbert,  H	
Dale, Wm. R	
Dart, Wm. J	
Davies, J. G	
. .Great Northern Ry. Co. .. .
. .Vict. Con. & Eng. Co., Ltd.
. .CP. Ry. Telegraph  	
. Manager.
Dickson, Jno. F.  . . .
. .Victoria-Phoenix Bry. Co. .
Donald, G. Gray . . .
Douglas, R. W	
. .Gray Donald Eng. Co., Ltd.
. .Tracksell, Douglas & Co. . .
.Real Estate and Ins.
.Managing Director.
.Financial Agent.
.Music Supplies.
. Real Est and Ins.
Elford, T	
. JShawnig'n Lake Lum. Co.. .
Elliott, R. T	
Elworthy, F	
Fletcher, Jas. H.  . .
Floyd, J. S	
. .Elliott, Maclean & Shandley
. Victoria, B.C., Bd. of Trade
. .Fletcher Bros	
Forman, Jas	
. .Heisterman, Forman & Co..
Futcher, F. A	
. .W. S. Fraser & Co.. Ltd.  . .
. .R. V. Winch & Co	
.Insurance and Finance.
Gardiner, W. H.  ...
. .E. & N. Ry	
. .R. P. Rithet & Co	
.District Freight Agent.
. Merchant.
Goodacre,  Lawrence
Gossip, W. H.  .....
. .Queen's Market  	 ird, A. '
.B.C. Elec. Railway Co Manager.
1 A. C Grant & Lineham   Real  Estate.
Grant, Capt. Wm Ship Owner.
Green, Jno. R.  Barrister-at-Law.
Green, R. F.    Green & Burdick Real Estate and Ins.
Greenshaw, E. E. ... -B.C. Hardware Co., Ltd Hardware.
Griffiths, Albert F.  .- Chartered Accountant.
Gusty, John P. Burns & Co Wholesale Meat.
Hall, Lewis   Dentist.
Hall, L. W.   Hall &  Co Chemist.
Hall, Richard   Insurance, etc.
Hardie, Norman Dodwell & Co Agent.
Harlow, R.  J Merchant.
Harris, E.  A Harris & Sturgess    Real  Estate.
Hart. John Gillespie & Hart Ins. and Real Estate.
Haynes, A. E British Am. Trust Co., Ltd. Manager.
Hayward, Chas Contractor.
Hebden, R. M Northern Crown Bank Manager.
Hillis, H. M Hillis Timber & Trad. Co. . .Timber Merchant.
Hinton, J. A Hinton Electric Co Electrical Supplies.
Holland, C. A B.C. Land & Invt. Agcy.  .. .Managing Director.
Hooper, Thomas . Architect.
Houston, W. K W. K. Houston & Co Manufacturers.
Hunter, Jos Civil  Engineer.
Jackson, M. B. .
Jackson, R. L. .
Jameson, w. A.
Jardine, John .
Johns, C. C. ...
Johnson, E. M.
Jones, F. W.
Jones, Stephen
. .Earth Trusts, Ltd Manager.
 Real  Estate
. .B.C. Sand & Gravel Co President.
. .Dominion   Hotel    Proprietor.
,  C.  R.
King, R. W. H.
Kingham, Joshua .
Kirk, G. A	
Kirkham, H. O.
Knight, A. W	
:. & K. Mi
rust Co., Ltd.  .. Manager.
ling Co Managing Director.
 Commission Agent.
*an. Bank of Commerce ... Banker.
Cingham & Co Coal Dealer, etc.
*urner, Beeton & Co Merchant.
and Bookseller VICTOEIA, BRITISH
Lay, J. M. *..
Leeming, D. .
Leiser, Max .
Leiser, Simon
Lewis, D. O. '
Lindsay, J. A
. .Imperial Bank  .
. .Leeming I
, Ltd.
i Real  Estate.
■■ Leiser  Wholesale Liquors.
eiser & Co., Ltd. . . .Wholesale Grocer.
'. Pac. Rly Co District Engineer.
. .Lemon & Gonnason Lumber Mills.
. . Grant & Lineham   Real Estate.
.. Canadian Pacific Railway .. Master Mariner.
. .Loewenberg & Co Importer.
. .Lloyd's   (London)    Special Representative.
ton & Paoley .
.. Edit.
Mallagh, W. J. :
, Ltd Real Esta
". S. H. .
F. H.  .
. .Colonis
. .R. B.
..(San J
Mayhew, ]
McAlister, John
McArthur, James Grand Trunk Pacific
McCurdy, A. W	
MacEachern, J H Hutchison Bros.  . ..
McGregor, George  	
McGregor, J. Herrick. .Gore & McGregor  .
McKeown, Angus 	
McLean, A. E R. P. Rithet & Co.,
McLean, L. D New Method Laund
McLorie, J Mt. Royal Milling C<
McMicking, R. B B.C. Telephone Co. .
McPhee, A. F.   Bowman Invest. Co.,
Mess, B. C Findlay, Durham & Brod:
. .Retired Merchant.
. .Electrical Engineer,
r Boat Manager.
<and i
!, Dr. G. L.
. .Wholesale Grocer.
. . Manager.
. .Manager.
. .Financial Agent.
. .Manager.
. .Physician.
..Jeweller, etc.
Monteith, Willian
Moore, H. W. R.
B.C. Pottery Co.
,.. .Manager.
 Real Estate, '
cal Co Director.
nber Co., Ltd. Lumber Mfr.
,  Ed.
..Sperling & Co.,
. .Pearce, Carlin
. .Clarke & Pears
1 and Wood.
olesale Dry Goods.
. .Real Estate and Ins.
Pendray, J. C B.C
Pendray, W. J BA
Perry, R. W.  Gt.
Pigott, A. H.   .Vic
, Luke   .Pit:
. Paint Co.
West Pen
S. J.
. .Manager.
. .Liquor Mercl
..Retired Merc
Radiger, E. F	
Reid, D. C	
. .Island Investment Co.  ..
.. Jeweller.
Rithet R. P	
. .R. P. Rithet & Co	
Robertson   H  B
Ross, H. A	
. .Vane. Portland Cem't Co.
.. Treasure
Ross   Major Lome
nt  Broker
Sampson, W. Curtis Chartered .
Sandels, W. J. M Kelly, Douglas & Co Wholesale
Sargison, AG Journalist.
Sayward, J. A Retired.
Scott, H. J Hamilton Powder Co Manager.
rook, R.
hipping Agent,
ommission Mei
Shallcross, J. J Shallcross, Macaulay & Co.   .
Sheret, A.  .	
Shortt, W. J Shortt, Hill & Duncan, Ltd. .Jeweller.
Shotbolt, Thos Chemist.
Silver, W. H. Bank of Nova Scotia Manager.
Slater, T. H Finance.
Spencer, Chris David Spencer, Ltd.   .......Dry Goods.
Spencer, J. W. .
Spratt, C. J. V
Solly, Claude A.
Staneland, W. E
Stemler,  L.   	 riSH  COLUMBIA,  BOARD  OF TRADE
Tait, Leonard  .Victoria Transfer Co Manager.
Taylor, J. A Royal Bank of Canada Manager.
Taylor, R. F.    Merchants Bank of Canada Manager.
Templeman, Hon. Wm.Times P. & P. Co President.
Terry, W. S Druggist.
Thomas, C. E .The Dominion Bank   Manager.
Thomson, H. B .Turner, Beeton & Co., Ltd.. .Merchant.
Todd, A. E Merchant.
[, C. F Merchant.
, Dr. S. :
Troup, Capt. J. W. . . .CP. Ry.  Co Supt. B.C. Co
Turner, Hon. J. H. .. Salisbury House, Finsbury Circus, London
Turner, Jno. A. Real Estate a
Twlgg, H. Despard  Barrister-at-I
Tye, T. B .Hickman Tye Hardware Co. Manager.
falter .Hall & Walker  Coal Dealer.
E A .Flewin's Gardens Manager.
W. O .Wallace & Clarke   Real Estate.
, E. A Weiler Bros., Ltd Manager.
H. Wil
3   Sidney
'. & J. Wilson Clothier.
[. & J. Wilson Merchant.
'orswick Paving Co Manager.
Young, J. H.  Thirty-Fourth Annual report
312, TO APRIL 30TH,
To the Members of the Victoria, British Columbia, Board oj
Trade, Victoria, B. C. :
Gentlemen:—There never was a time when the economic problems of the City deserved more consideration
than now owing to the .great increase in population and in
the volume of commercial transactions and these developments are certain to become more pronounced when the
new transcontinental railways are completed from the
Coast to the Prairie Provinces and the Panama Canal is
open for traffic.
The Panama Canal will reduce the distance by sea
between Victoria and the Atlantic Coast and Victoria and
European shipping ports by about 8,000 miles, or, in other
words by nearly 50 per cent., enabling the ocean route to
compete in point of time with the rail routes across the
Continent at a much less cost for freight; while the effect
upon the movement of population from Europe to the
Pacific Coast is likely to be even more marked than upon
the shipment of goods.
It is estimated by the proprietors of Henderson's Directory that the present population of Victoria and District is
not less than 67,000, showing an increase of 50 per cent, in
two years and this estimate is supported by the statements
attached to this report showing a large increase in imports,
permits for buildings, bank clearings, tramway traffic, etc. 14 VICTOI
The increase in population has unfortunately been
accompanied by a reduction in the area devoted to farming,
etc., in the immediate vicinity of Victoria, many of the old
farms having become residential sections, with the result
that the local production has not been anything like equal
to the demand and an increasing amount of produce has to
be imported.
It is most important in the interests of the City that
there should be more land used for agricultural purposes in
the neighbourhood, the produce being sold and supplies
purchased here. Such communities must necessarily be at
a greater distance from Victoria than the old sources of
supply and it is vital, in the interests of both producers and
consumers, that transporting of goods should be made as
cheap and convenient as possible. It seems probable that
one solution of the problem will be found in motors carrying
freight within a radius of about 30 miles of Victoria, but
this method of transportation involves the construction and
maintenance of suitable roads.
On the 17th and 18th of January last, the views of this
Board of Trade upon agricultural matters generally were
presented to the Royal Commission on Agriculture and the
basis of them will be found in a Committee report, a copy
of which is Appended hereto.
During the past year a great deal of employment has
been provided by the public and private works in progress,
but it is incumbent upon us to develop permanent industries
which will give employment enabling the people of Victoria
to maintain their existing standard of comfort.
The historical and geographical position of Victoria
suggests that every effort should be made in the general
interests to increase the shipbuilding and the shipping
facilities. There are already important ship-repairing plants
at Victoria and Esquimalt but under present conditions it is
not possible for these plants to undertake shipbuilding on an extensive scale because ships built in Great Britain or
Ireland are admitted to Canadian Register without the
payment of any duty either on the ship or her outfit. The
Board has urged upon the Dominion Government that to
meet the situation a bonus should be given on ships built
in Canada, such a bonus to be on a combined tonnage and ad
valorem basis, and the representations of your Board have
been promised favourable consideration.
The present dry dock at Esquimalt is not large enough
to dock some of the vessels now coming to this Coast and,
as soon as the Panama Canal is completed, still larger
vessels will require dock facilities. The Board has not
ceased to urge upon the Dominion Government the imperative need of a dry dock of adequate dimensions at Esquimalt
and that if no other method is adopted, there should be
such amendments to the Subsidy Act as will enable such a
dock to be financed.
In 1909 the foreign tonnage entering and clearing at
Victoria was greater than any other Canadian port, and in
1912 the tonnage entering and clearing at Victoria amounted
to 3,622,851 tons, as compared with 2,769,373 tons in 1909,
an increase of 31 per cent. To maintain Victoria's preeminence more harbour accommodation is essential and if
this is provided there is every reason to anticipate that the
import and transhipment trade of Victoria will be greatly
increased, giving steady and remunerative employment to
a large portion of our people.
Upon representations by the Board, the Dominion
Government sent Mr. Louis Coste, C. E., to make
a full report and this gentleman recommended the construction of a breakwater and piers giving accommodation
for about 24 large ocean steamers at one time. The initial
contract for the breakwater has been let to the firm of Sir
John Jackson, Ltd., and the work has been commenced.
The Dominion Government is now being urged by the
Board to undertake without further delay the additional COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF  TBADE
developments necessary if the port is to be ready to take
care of the increased number of vessels certain to come
here within the next two years. It is gratifying t.o be able
to report that the efforts of the Board have received the
cordial endorsement and support of the Corporation of
Victoria, the fact that the Board was working for the general good of the community being fully recognized. •
Songhees In    December    last    it    was    officially
Indian        announced   that   a   settlement   had   been
Reserve arrived at with all the parties interested in
the utilization of the Songhees • Indian
Reserve. The Canadian Pacific Railway Company has been
allotted space for terminal purposes south of the Esquimalt
& Nanaimo Railway line and a contract has already been
let for the roundhouse, machine shops, etc., the work to
commence immediately. It is expected that the other works
in laying out the yards, etc., will begin at an early date.
The terminals of the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway will be located north of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo
Railway line in such a manner as will permit the handling
of the passenger business of both railway companies in a
Union Depot. Common user trackage and a vehicular
roadway, following the foreshore between the terminal and
harbour, will provide for adequate interchange of freight
business and afford access to passenger and freight wharfage, a railway car-ferry, and industrial sites. The terminal
survey work of the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway is
nearly completed and the actual construction operations
should be well advanced by the end of the present year.
The construction of the various buildings will be commenced when the work of grading is nearing completion.
The buildings will include station, freight shed, roundhouse, machine shop, carshop, oil house and stores. The
capacity of this terminal, including classification and receiving yard, freight and team tracks, will be 1,000 cars when
fully developed. The passenger, freight, and delivery track will be at
the same elevation as the Johnson Street extension, while
the classification, receiving, engine, and repair yards will
be at a lower elevation.
sf Approach to the joint railway terminals from the
eastern part of the city will be over a new bascule bridge
at the foot of Johnson Street. This bridge will be designed
for use by railways and'tramways in addition to general
passenger and vehicular traffic.
Laurel The Board has always favoured connec-
Point tion between the railway terminals and
Bridge ocean docks by- way of a bridge between
Songhees Point and Laurel Point and in
this contention has the support of the Dominion Government engineer, Mr. Louis Coste, who was requested to
investigate this feature of the development of the port.
There is considerable preliminary work to be accomplished
before actual construction of the bridge can be commenced
and no time is being lost. From replies to questions put
by this Board of Trade to the Provincial Government no
obstacles need be anticipated from that source, but, on the
contrary, the common-user railway trackage on the Song-
hee Reserve will be available for the approach to the
bridge and an application for the necessary land at Song-
hee Point, owned by the Provincial Government, will be
considered. The Corporation of Victoria can now proceed
with the preparation of plans and an estimate of cost and
then it will be in order to approach the Dominion and Provincial Governments as well as any other interests to be
benefited, for the purpose of securing co-operation with the
City in financing the scheme. The Corporation of Victoria
has already made a move in this direction.
Esquimalt        Since the last report, in which was chron-
& Nanaimo    icled the completion and operation of the
Railway      Esquimalt   &   Nanaimo   Railway   to   Port
Alberni, the growth of traffic has been such
that a daily service is expected in the near future, which will VICTOEIA,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA,  BOARD  OF TBADE
Canal a daily mail
give the West Coast and the Alben
service to Victoria.
The Cowichan Lake branch, from Duncan to Cowichan
Lake, is now being operated for carload freight and it is
expected that passenger service will be inaugurated in June.
The Osborne Bay branch from a point on the main line of
the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway to Osborne Bay, is
completed and ready for operation, and it is understood that
the timber in Cowichan Lake Valley will be moving to
tidewater in the near future.
The grading and concrete abutments for permanent
structures on the 45 miles between McBride Junction and
Courtenay, B. C, will be completed by the end of October.
Track-laying is about to begin at McBride Junction and
will be continued from that point to the site of the seven
steel bridges, which vyil'l be constructed as fast as the
material can be delivered on the ground. The large steel
viaducts across the various streams give evidence of the
permanent character of the railway that is being built.
Canadian That   portion   of   this   railway   between
Northern     Parson's Bridge and Sooke Lake, mileage
Pacific       5 to 36, is constructed and ready for track-
Railway      laying.    From mileage 36 to 140 construction    work    is    progressing    satisfactorily,
although during the winter months there was a shortage of
labour.    It is expected that construction operations will be
completed August, 1913, as far as mileage 100, a point 5
miles beyond Cowichan Lake, but that portion of the line
between mileage 100 and 140 will not be ready for track-
laying until December, 1913.    Mileage 140 is two miles west
of Port Alberni.
A ferry terminal will be established at Patricia Bay
(formerly Union Bay), Saanich Peninsula, from which point
a connection will be made by fast ferry with the main line
of this railway at or near the mouth of the Fraser River. G. T. P. Steamship Docks, Inner Harbor, Victoria  As soon as the grading between Patricia Bay and
Parson's Bridge is completed the work of tracklaying will
be pushed so that the whole of the completed portion of the
line may be placed on an operating basis as soon as possible.
Physical conditions have fortunately permitted an
entrance to the City for this railway which eliminates to a
greater degree than usual the menace of the level crossing,
as all principal thoroughfares are carried overhead.
It is anticipated that in another six months the location
surveys will have been completed to Duncan Bay and
Nootka Sound.
Victoria The negotiations previously reported for
& Sidney improving the operation of the Victoria &
Railway Sidney Railway have advanced and it now
appears probable that the desired changes
will soon be carried out. The terms of settlement provide
that this short line shall become a part of the Great Northern Railway Company's system, but operating under the.
Victoria, Vancouver & Eastern Railway charter. This will
enable through traffic to be routed between all points on the
Great Northern Railway system and the City of Victoria.
Pilotage The   Board's   interest   in   the   pilotage
situation at Victoria has been maintained.
Although the present pilotage charges are lower than at any
other port on this Coast, it is felt that Victoria is not receiving the full reward of her exceptional natural advantages
which she possesses in ease of access and practical freedom
from fog, in comparison with any other port on the Pacific
Coast. The aim of the Board has been the abolition of
compulsory pilotage but in order to tide over any interval
between now and when an amendment to the Shipping Act
can be obtained, it has been recommended that the pilots
shall be paid a monthly salary and provided with all necessary equipment required in the discharge of their duties,
and,  that  as  soon  as  convenient  their  number  shall  be VICTOEIA,  BRITISH COLUMBIA, BOABD OF TBADE
reduced. It is expected that the adoption of these recommendations will result in a reduction amounting to 30 or
40 per cent, of the present low rates charged for pilotage.
Fisheries In the year 1912, 996,576 cases of salmon
were packed by the British Columbia canneries, which is the largest total since 1905; but only
444,762 cases of the above were Sockeyes. The Humpback
salmon amounted to 247,743 cases, which shows the large
increase that has taken place in the output of the lower
grades of salmon. The supply has, however, temporarily
overstepped the demand.
The total pack for the Pacific Coast was 5,956,953 cases,
of which barely one-half was Sockeye or Red Alaska salmon.
Very large preparations are being made for 1913, which
is the year of the big Fraser run. No doubt, as a consequence, a very large fleet of American seining boats will be
in operation at the mouth Of the Straits of Juan de Fuca,
and it is to be hoped that ample protection against
poaching and piracy in our waters will be afforded by the
Such seining operations were not so successful in 1912
as in the previous year, the Cohoes salmon not being nearly
so numerous. In the big year, however, an abundance of
Sockeyes may be expected and as they are mostly found
close to the West Coast of the Island great temptation will
be offered to the American fishermen to follow the run
into Canadian waters unless debarred from doing so by an
adequate fleet of fisheries protection vessels.
The Bill that was to be introduced in the Legislature of
the State of Washington with regard to the regulation of the
Puget Sound salmon fisheries has been dropped, so that the
former very unsatisfactory conditions as regards the regulations and their observance in those waters may be expected
to continue to the great injury of British Columbia interests.    The operations on this side are subject to stringent regulations which greatly reduce the Fraser River pack,
with the object of allowing fish to escape the nets and to
breed for the benefit chiefly of Puget Sound canners and
fishenmen, who for their part will not observe any regulations. It would appear to be time for some drastic action
to be taken in the. matter.
The halibut, herring and whaling fisheries have been
energetically and successfully prosecuted during the year
under review, but the halibut shows unmistakable signs of
overfishing, as many of the banks off our Coast which
formerly were alone exploited, have been virtually abandoned and operations have had to be carried on at other
The Board has brought before the notice of the
Dominion Government the enormous amount of poaching
done in British Columbia waters, which has led to the above
result besides the invasion of West Coast streams and inlets
to catch salmon and herring for bait. The total value of
the fish so poached is estimated at several millions of
dollars annually, and while the Government is now building
two large vessels with which to augment the present very
inefficient fisheries protection service, the Board is urging
that these be supplemented by some smaller gasoline
cruisers capable of making good speed and of following the
fishing boats into the different inlets and streams. It is
realized that the cutting off of the fresh bait supply now
secured by poaching would of itself prove a great deterrent
to the marauding now carried on so successfully and almost
with impunity. The indifference that has been displayed at
Ottawa in the past towards this ruination by foreigners of
such an important and valuable national asset will,
allowed to continue, be a blot on our history.
Shipment On the 24th March the  Grain  Commis-
of Grain      sioners for Canada held a sitting at Victoria
and the Board of Trade presented a strong
case in favour of the establishment of grain elevators at this 22 VICTOEIA,  BEITISH COLUMBIA,  BOABD OF TEADE
port. In the plans of harbour development prepared by
Mr. Louis Coste, C.E., and approved by the Government of
Canada, the site of a grain elevator is shown and this Board
of Trade, when conferring with the Commission, had no
difficulty in establishing that there is no port on this Coast
having the same advantages as Victoria for economical
Agriculture       This Board is indebted to Mr. Wm. E.
Scott, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, for
the following report on agricultural conditions in 1912:
Statistical returns which have been collected by
Department as to agricultural production for the past ;
show a material increase in the total, though dairying
stock raising have declined considerably. This is
largely to the very rapid growth of our Coast cities, w
has resulted in the acquisition and subdivision for resii
tial purposes, of farming lands contiguous to our ci
which were in past years devoted to dairying and s
raising and general mixed farming. This change has c
on us so suddenly that the outlying districts have not
time as yet to take their place in production.
This is only a temporary state of affairs, however, due
to the great prosperity and forward movement which is
taking place on Vancouver Island, and it is evident that by
the inevitable law of supply and demand, a balance will
soon be established. We must take into consideration the
rapid land settlement which is being effected in districts
such as Sooke, Metchosin, Cowichan, Chemainus, Ladysmith, Nanaimo, Wellington, Parksville, Alberni, Comox,
Qualicum, the Gulf Islands, the north end of Vancouver
Island, and in various districts suitable for agricultural
purposes on the West Coast of Vancouver Island, which in
the near future will be producing largely, and will supply
the wants of our rapidly growing City of Victoria. (See
Appendices for detailed table of quantities and values.) NUAL EEPOET
Poultry A study of the figures shows that poultry
Raising        raising, for which this Island is so eminently
adapted, has made an enormous stride for-
ird  during  the  past  year,   the  returns   for   1911   being
5,112, and for 1912 $1,203,212—an j
: of $948,100.
Probably in no country in the world are there more
favourable conditions for successful poultry raising than
are found on Vancouver Island, and the returns being made
by those who have a knowledge of the business and are
conducting their operations along correct and up-to-date
lines, is gratifying indeed. Our glorious spring, summer
and fall weather, and mild winters, furnish ideal conditions
for the greatest egg production, and the southern part of
Vancouver Island is destined to become in the near future
the greatest poultry raising country in the Dominion of
Returns of $2.00 per head net profit are quite common,
and many poultrymen secure considerably higher returns.
The egg-laying contest now being held in the City of
Victoria is showing very conclusively how suitable conditions are. A record for the American Continent was established for the month of March, one pen of six birds laying
159 eggs during the month.
Dairying Farmers   are   beginning   to   realize   the
and Stock importance of keeping 'more stock on their
Raising farms, and thereby conserving the fertility
of the soil. There are good financial returns
to be made from stock raising and dairying, and we may
look forward with confidence to big development along
these lines in the near future in districts such as Cowichan,
Comox, Alberni, Campbell River, and the Gulf Islands.
The most suitable grasses and clovers grow with great
luxuriance in these districts, and ideal conditions are furnished for dairying. The principal retarding element at the
present time undoubtedly is the difficulty that the farmer 24
has in securing efficient help at a fair and reasonable rate of
We may look to a natural solution of this difficulty in
the near future, and the dairy industry will then develop
rapidly. Conditions are most favourable to dairying on
Vancouver Island, and by the adoption of intensive methods
of farming, and the growing of forage and soiling crops,
thereby enabling more stock to be kept on the same acreage,
the farmer will reap as large financial returns as he can
secure in any other phase of farming.
By the adoption of these methods, the dairyman on the
Island of Jersey keeps two cows to each acre. Our own
climatic conditions are quite as good. Our soils are virgin,
and therefore should be more fertile. Why, therefore,
cannot our faraners accomplish similar results?
Vegetable This   profitable   phase   of   farming  has
and    Fruit    shown a decline on Vancouver Island, due
Growing     to the same temporary influences as those
affecting dairying and stock raising.    There
are excellent returns to be made by experts on these lines.
The demand for small fruits and vegetables is constantly
increasing, and the man with a family and owning a few
acres of suitable land within easy access of our Coast cities,
should  do well.    Returns were made last year by some
Gordon Head small-fruit growers as high as $500.00 per
acre net profit.
Transportation Owing to the activities and splendid work
being done by the C. P. R., C. N. R., and
B. C. Electric, large areas of good agricultural land on the
Island are rapidly being brought within easy access of
Victoria, and these new districts which up till now have
been more or less dormant, owing to want of transportation
facilities, will soon become large producers, and cater to the
wants of our rapidly growing population. The development
work which is going on in these new districts is plainly evi- denced by the large increase in the amount of stumping
powder ordered by members of Farmers' Institutes through
the Department of Agriculture, the quantity used having
doubled in the last twelve months.
Imimigration A very large amount of_ settlers, practically all of. whom are possessed of sufficient means to acquire land and start operations, came to
Vancouver Island during the past year. Alberni, Comox,
Parksville and the Gulf Islands particularly have received
many new settlers. It is very essential, however, that every
facility be afforded settlers of acquiring on arrival full,
accurate and conservative information about the different
districts and the opportunities which are offered, and also
that arrangements should be effected whereby the new
arrival who desires work on a farm can be brought in
touch with those who are looking for agricultural labour.
The Vancouver Island Development League and the
Provincial Bureau of Information and our own Provincial
Department of Agriculture are endeavouring to meet the
situation, but I consider that the establishment of a labour
bureau conducted on right lines would prove a boon to
those who come out to the Province seeking work on
the land.
The demand for information received in this Department as to the conditions and opportunities of Vancouver
Island, both by correspondence and in person, show how
the opportunities and attractions of our beautiful Island are
drawing the attention of the British investor and settler.
Exhibition       This work was largely extended by the
and Department   during   the   past   year,   and
Publicity      undoubtedly proves the means of drawing
Work the attention of the world very forcibly to
the great opportunities and resources of our
Province.    The timber, fisheries, mineral and agricultural
wealth of Vancouver Island, were very effectively shown at the exhibitions. Exhibits were made at Edmonton, Winni-
Regina, Saskatoon, Brandon, and Lethbridge, in the
Provinces of the Middle West; at Toronto, London, Ont.,
and Ottawa, in Eastern Canada; and later at the great
United States Land Show at Chicago.
The timber wealth of the Province, especially Van-
Island, was very effectively shown at nearly all
these places, by means of huge round sections cut from the
tree, of Douglas fir, spruce and cedar, these sections running up in size to as big as 9 feet in diameter. Cubes of the
same woods, 4 feet square, were also shown, and planks
of clear timber 4 feet 6 inches wide and 3 inches thick. In
addition, panels of all the woods of the Province were
shown. These timber specimens created marked attention,
and visitors to the exhibitions marvelled especially at the
enormous size of the Douglas fir, cedar and spruce specimens. The largest exhibit ever staged by the Provincial
Government was shown at the International Dry Farming
Congress held at the City of Lethbridge, Alta., last October,
and also at the United States Land Show held in Chicago
in November. At both these large exhibitions, our exhibit
attracted universal attention and admiration, and a very
large amount of Government literature was distributed, and
information given by the officials in attendance.
At Lethbridge, the Provincial Government was awarded
a silver cup, valued at $400.00, which was given by the
Government of Manitoba for the best exhibit shown. Many
other awards were also secured by Provincial farmers.
Following up our success last year at New York in securing
the Stillwell trophy for the best exhibit of potatoes, open
to the Continent of America, we secured at Lethbridge the
sweepstake prize, open to the world, for the best bushel of
potatoes. Late in the year a carload of fruit was sent over
to the Lion. J. H. Turner, Agent General, and was shown
by him at Manchester, and at the Royal Horticultural
Society's   Show,   Vincent   Square,   London.    The   Society awarded their gold medal, the blue
again for this exhibit, this makin<
coveted honour has been secured
ibbon of fruit growing,
the seventh time this
Dy the Province.    The
Manchester was also awa
gold medal.
At Chicago, lectures illustrated by cinematograph views
and lantern slides were given four times a day during the
duration of the Show, to very large attendances. Cinematograph views are a very strong way of advertising the
opportunities and resources of any country, and I consider
might be extended to great advantage.
Work of the The work of the Department is increas-
Department of   ing at a very rapid rate, and many new
Agriculture additions have been recently made to the
staff of expert officials. The Farmers'
Institute movement has rapidly expanded, and there are
now ninety-three Institutes covering every producing district of the Province, with a membership of nearly 10,000.
The quantity of stumping powder used, which is supplied
at a cheap rate by the Department to members of Institutes,
nearly doubled that of last year, which shows pretty plainly
that in spite of all statements to the contrary, land settlement is proceeding apace in this Province.
Trade and       The following figures indicate the business
Outlook     conditions at Victoria during the past twelve
To 31st March—                         1913 1912
Imports   $ 11,393,504.00 $   7,857,081.00
Exports          1,377,971.00 2,009,762.00
Customs collections         2,618,025.13 1,984,893.62
Inland Revenue             269,512.19 257,309.39
Post Office receipts            157,000.00 135,285.96
Building permits        6,630,650.00 6,264,700.00
Bank clearings       191,057,616.00 142,238,722.00
Tramway  passengers   carried, No       11,646,129 9.003,598 28
The new buildings in the city are very noticeable ,* large
offices and store blocks, hotels, etc., in the business portion,
and residences in the suburbs. It is most reassuring to see
that the population of the district has so largely increased
without anything approaching congestion, nearly all the
dwellings being on lots having fifty or more feet frontage,
laid out in lawns, flowers, and shrubbery, abutting on to
paved streets, with boulevards, which demonstrates the comfort in which all classes in Victoria live, a city which is at
the same time the centre of commercial and industrial
opportunities of every description.
The operations of the railways on Vancouver Island
now under construction and development of the natural
resources, especially timber, adjacent thereto furnish a hopeful view of future possibilities. All-rail connection between
Vancouver Island and the Mainland, via Seymour Narrows,
is receiving the attention of the Canadian Government and
an engineer is about to be appointed to report upon it.
The cars of the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Great
Northern Railway have for many years been brought to the
Island on ferry-barges and as soon as the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway and the Great Eastern Railway
(southern outlet of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway) are
completed the cars of those railways will also be delivered
in this city.
The thrice daily steamer service with the Mainland,
operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company is not
equalled throughout the world and the steamers which only
a few years ago were considered the last word in marine
architecture in point of seaworthiness, speed, and comfort
are now to be augmented by turbine vessels of greater speed
and larger dimensions. The steamers operated by the Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway Company are of a similar high class,
but at present do not sail so frequently. The Union Steamship Service Company afford another direct coasting service
from Victoria. In
on a
it i
3 enc
r in
h t
ie C
y ha
ve dealt
h a
rcial activity naturally entails closer
ork upon members of this Board of
■aging to note the enthusiastic man-
|cil, Committees and members gener-
; public questions requiring consider-
*ell for the future usefulness of the
respectfully submitted.
''ictoria, B. C,
nth April, 1913. APPENDICES
The Hon. W. R. Ross, Minister of Lands, delivered the follow-
ng address on the present conditions throughout the Province, and
he outlook for the future:
"Mr. President and gentlemen of the Board of Trade,—In the
absence of the Premier, Sir Richard McBride, and in the inability
of the Acting Premier, the Hon. Mr. Bowser, through stress of
engagements, to be present, it has developed upon me by request
of the latter to do what, by custom, seems to fall to the lot of some
member of the Provincial Executive, to deliver the address on the
occasion of the annual meeting of the  Victoria Board of Trade.
"While I am pleased to be present for this purpose, and feel
honored to be so requisitioned, I regret that either of the other
gentlemen referred to have been unable to undertake the duties
placed upon my shoulders. I feel that as the least experienced of
the members of the Government in matters of this kind I can
scarcely do justice to your requirements. You are a commercial
body of men intimate with the conditions with which you are confronted daily, and to deal with them is the specific object of your
organization. I am a lawyer by profession, untrained, so to speak,
in commercial life, and I represent a district almost as remote in
the character of its material affairs as it is geographically removed
from your constituency. My observations must, necessarily, be of
a more general nature than perhaps is desirable in addressing
you upon subjects of business import. I propose to discuss some
of the phases of Government policy which, though they may only
bear indirectly upon these subjects, are important, perhaps, in the
wider and more general sense of the close relationship which
exists between government and business conditions.
"As the capital of this great Provi
ice, and as an important
—a city of destiny may I add—Vict
oria must be affected by
hing which  affects  the  Province as
a whole or of even its
otest  outpost.    This is,  of  course,
true  of  Vancouver,  New
tminster, or of any of our urban een
tres, because the prosper- APPENDICES
r of our cities and towns reflects the prosperity of t
eir fortunes are bound up in the fortunes of the Province in its
tirety. I am very pleased in that capacity to have the opportu-
ty to address you upon the general aspect of affairs, and to disss in the more general way that which may be of interest to
lu as members of that wider community of diversified and poten-
s; and, in this connection, I may observe that I regard
e custom you have adopted of inviting a member of the local
yvernment to make the annual address not only a good but a
ry convenient one. It brings the members of the Government
to closer touch with your affairs, and affords them an oppor-
nity, which is always a welcome one, to discuss their policy and
plain to what extent it bears upon the practical problems you
.ve in hand and of which you are desirous to have the best and
"Before proceeding with what must
[ desire to say a few words about the
:apable secretary, Mr. Elworthy, has p
un always interested in the reports
rrade, because they are for the cities
stand a sort of Budget  Speech—not
be my remarks, in the main,
Annual Report which your
course as
that of the ]v
inister of  I
^inance, but equally
for the dis
tricts represen
ted.    In thi
respect the Victori
Trade has
always been
s.    Its reports have
f the c
tent thai
I <
ate yoi
t the _
ich the
ind to a large e
upon your election as President. I also
as a whole upon the very prosperous year
statistical reflection, and upon the exceed-
he concluding paragraphs.
ingly hopeful outlook foreshadow
In shipping, in building, in post office business, in bank clearances,
in imports and exports, and in railway construction directly affecting the interests of Victoria, 1912 has been a year of great advance
and of banner operations. In regard to railway construction on
the Island (which we all must admit to be of vital importance in
city and suburban development), when the Hon. Richard McBride,
now Sir Richard McBride, appeared before you several years ago
and outlined the railway policy of the Government as it affected
this Island, and this city, he did not, as you will agree, exaggerate
its importance or overestimate the results which would flow from
it.    I do not think that Sir Richard, optimistic as I know him to
! beei
I c
the fulle
st the
tal i
think thai
mbers of this Board of VICTOEIA,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA,  BOARD  OF T
progress. Had they done sc
a great many more of you, if
There have, however, been c
which i
d to its present position and
ive no hesitation in saying that
11, would have been millionaires,
and equally important develop-
snt upon railway construction
fully foreseen.    They were dreamed of, but not
; today. You have a contract
ive improvement of your har-
lendously increased shipping
g of the Panama Canal.   You
expected to visualize as they visualiz
let for the extensive and comprehens
bour, paving the way for the trer
you expect to enjoy after the openin
have had the Songhees Indian Reserve question settled to the satisfaction of all parties concerned and arrangements practically completed for the utilization of the greater part of its area for the
railway terminals of two great transcontinental systems. You
have, as intimated, the promise, after 1915, of half a dozen additional lines of steamers calling at this port to take care of the
traffic which the new area on the Pacific Ocean bids fair to bring
into existence. You have still things to be done, as your report
points out, to complete what has been so auspiciously begun, and
it is to be hoped that your representations at Ottawa will be sue-
that $12,000,000 is to  be expended at St.
ohn, and an equal amount at Halifax, on harboui
md when we compare the tonnage of Victoria
vith that of St. John and Halifax, it does not see
he Government at Ottawa can refuse to consider, s
nts of the situation as
pleasing to obs(
, the full require
ably t(
and eh
achieved by the repres(
in the morning paper.
"Reverting to the
G. P. R., as it is now, li
the Island, and it only
end of the Island to pi
i possible that
d very favour-
ve the success
of this
ilway construction, you have,
condition indeed. The E. <5
! reached out to four importa
>w requires to extend its line
/ide a very complete sy
es that 140 miles of the
raded, and, when you have added to the C. P. R, the inc
ery important facilities afforded by the C. N. R., you
/ith me that Vancouver Island will not lag behind any
the r.
of   British   Columbia  in   the   means
develop the wonderful resources i
is doubly blessed in the fact that i
of communi-
R. have been
ncreased and
tion to fully
possesses. Vancouver Island
is long, and, relatively speak-
inable coastwise steamers
facilities of the railways so
.main  untouched  when   the railway programme i
Island, under such
benefit of Victoria c
is with direct access
ompleted.    The futt
"There are several matters of extraordin
moment referred to in your report. I refer
construction of a dry dock, commensurate i
equipment with present and prospective reqt
nection with the mainland, and the constructio
As a member of the Government which stani
the Province, and not for any part of it, I (
e development of the
edound to the great
re, and situated as it
nary importance and
r to shipbuilding, the
in size and modern
quirements, rail con-
on of grain elevators,
nds for the whole of
undertake to
standpoint of Victoria alone. The
point, or points, at which the efforts of the Federal authorities
may concentrate, in case our views are given effect, is something
which the Federal Government must decide, and something for
which the City of Victoria must (as I have not the slightest doubt
it will) make the best fight possible. But as to the economic
importance and the great desirability of establishing shipbuilding
on this coast, of providing adequate dry dock facilities, and of the
erection of grain elevators to take care of the western grain shipments, there can be no doubt. As your report ably points out, the
industrial conditions on this Western coast are somewhat peculiar,
and the object should be to build large industries into which the
high price of labour shall not enter as a deterrent factor. Shipbuilding is certainly one of those industries, and, with shipbuilding is, of course, closely allied the question of adequate dry
dock facilities. The erection of grain elevators, and possibly of
large flour mills, is another such undertaking entirely independent
of the condition of the labour market. I should add to these an
iron and steel industry, once we have solved the fuel problem, or
that of electrolithic smelting, because, while high priced skilled labor
does enter into the smelting of iron and the manufacture of steel
products, the other conditions of accessibility of the iron deposits,
the contiguity of lime, and the cheapness of water transportation,
etc., are sufficient to offset that factor. Talking of labour, no one
of us wishes to see the scale of wages reduced in this country,
especially in the face of the greatly increased cost of living, but we
must not lose sight of this fact, that until the rate of wages
becomes equalized throughout the industrial world the great
majority of products which we would manufacture for ourselves
cannot be manufactured by reason of the rates of wages which
prevail in Europe and on the Eastern side of this continent; and
this condition of affairs will be more or less emphasized upon the
completion  of  the   Panama   Canal  whereby  the  products  of the more keenly into competition with
report suggests, you must look to
itivities which do not depend, for suc-
Shipbuilding  is  pre-eminently  one   of
y hope that the Parliament at Ottawa may
i system of encouragem<
be effective in bringing about its establishment on a large scale—
not only on this coast, but on the Atlantic coast as well. In this
connection, I may say that whatever form the permanent policy
of the Dominion may eventuate, either of a purely Canadian navy
or of a navy on the co-operative basis for the whole of the Empire,
a certain number of the warships, as may be necessary for the
Pacific and Atlantic coast units, should be built in Canada, even
-ably increased  cost.    This,  of
builders of experience and financial ability in Gre
not transfer a portion of their operations to both
t that
why the ship-
Britain should
•.oasts with this
"Referring to what is a very live issue in Victoria, and the
Island of Van<
vith the mainland of British Columbia, you •
not expect me personally, or as representing the Government
nit myself to any expression of opinion; but I might vent
to make a few general remarks which I trust may not be r
■construed in any quarter.   There is a possible factor in the sii
terprise.    Sir Richard McBr
in speaking on his resolution in the Legislature with reference
the action of the United States in exempting from toll Ameri
I shipping in passing through the Panama Canal, mad
statement which was rather significant.     Whether upon  his  (
authority, or of someone writing on the subject, I  cannot i
remember, but he stated that within ten years, according to pre;
000,000 bushels of wheat seeking a market by way of the Pacific.
If that forecast should prove true, it is quite obvious that a line
from Fort George to some point on Johnstone's Straits, with direct
connection to Victoria, would not only be justified to ease the
congestion of such a volume of traffic but would almost be a necessity; and, while reading the advance copy of your report, which
your Secretary was kind enough to send me, I was wondering
where you would get the grain for your elevators if there was
: such feeder as that provided. M
Pwlk 'e:
I- S& ;5'^Bf^Kift__
"Your report makes reference to the question of land development, and settlement, in order to increase the area of production,
and to reduce the cost of the necessaries of life; and this brings me
to the subject about which I wish to speak more particularly today,
namely the land policy of the Government. We are aware that the
proportion of importations are large as compared with the home
production, and that is a condition which it is desirable to
remedy; but I want to give you a few figures to show that even
in that direction we are progressing very favorably. You know
that the population of the Province is increasing very rapidly.
From the statistics that are available it is increasing at the rate
of from 75,000 to 100,000 per annum. If you estimate the consumption per head of agricultural products at $80.00 per annum,
which I think is fairly conservative, you see at once that 75,000
persons would consume $6,000,000 worth, being the amount of
annual increase of consumption. That is very considerable, and,
if you cut it in two, it is still a large annual increase to keep up
with an annual production. Now the figures of the Agricultural
Department show that in 1910 the imports were $14,850,000 and the
home production $14,400,000. In 1912 the imports amounted to
$15,250,000 and the home production $22,270,000. I will not vouch
that these figures are absolutely accurate, because it is very difficult to get returns to a dollar, and the figures must therefore to
some extent be an estimate, but great care has been taken to
arrive at an approximate result. They show that, while we have
not, by far, been able to provide for our own requirements, we
have advanced very rapidly and substantially in that direction.
You must remember, too, that we shall never reach a time when
to import largely of agricultural products, because
lude tropical fruits and other fruits out of season,
large quantities of canned goods that will probably
import than to manufacture at home, at least for
ome time to come. Until the northern c
ibly adapted for stock-raising and dairyin
nust depend upon the Prairies for our n
ources for dairy products. The souther
nterior has been largely sub-divided into
■ally extinguished.
; shall c
There ar<
be cheap'
:ountry, which is admir-
a*, is fully developed, we
leat supply, and outside
n ranch country of the
small holdings for fruit
ling, and the cattle business is being grad-
s to our Northern Interior we must look for
and dairy supply in the m
must remember also that •*
ia and New Westminster, £
; was considerable produce :
n they are at present, ther
in the future
e formerly ii
: towns of the Prov- 36                    VIOTOBX
&.,   BBITIS
in real estate val
ues, w
the result that large areas have
been sub-
divided for real
rposes.   These may be speculat
ve prices,
or they may not be,
t they are  based  on prospect
ve  urban
development, and they
e so high as to render agricultui
for very intensn
e cul
tion in exceptionably favoured
unprofitable, bas
ed on
e productive value of the land.
For ten
miles  from the
e  of Victoria there is very  little
land you
could recommen
d for
ming at the prices asked per a
:re.    This
is a condition w
fronts us in other parts of the
as well.   It will
right itself in time, but at pre
>ent spec-
illative activity h
as put a
good deal of productive land ot
t of com-
mission.   To get
land for
agricultural purposes, we must,
go farther back,
and t
raises the problem at which y
>u hinted,
that of some cor
ve system of development and
which   the    Gov
has   at  various    times   been
asked   to
consider.    The Goven
nt has considered it, and that
very seri-
ously, but the obstacle
o an easy solution are more se
ious than
most people hav
; any
idea of who have not been given the respon-
sibility of overc
em.    In this matter the Govern
ment has
done the same
is it
done successfully in dealing v
-ith other
problems—the p
of forestry,  taxation,  insuranc
e,  labour,
and so forth.    I
t has
appointed a Commission of prac
ical men,
. thi
: frc
of \
• frc
report, and the
i conclus
m now we shall probably have their
vill then be in a much better position
> what its proper policy should be in
respect to any new departure which involves serious responsibilities
to undertake. A policy of whatever nature must be wide enough
and comprehensive enough to embrace the whole of the Province,
and to embrace all the conditions, which vary greatly in character.
In (
1 have the clearing of land,
i large sc
you   hav(
ou hav<
meet  them
cannot make fish of one and flej
ize, as the Government realizes, the i
embark on the experimental road c
t least a wholesale system of as
v-idual credit, Personally, I am in
lmensity of the task v
ympathy with the m
mazes of the intrica
cial ability to undertake i
-ill be safe to follow. .11 now deal more particularly with the land policy of
lment, and in doing so I want to meet fairly and frankly
:ms of those who for political or other purposes have
. I am not here to talk politics, and I do not intend to,
not avoid traversing some of the ground which our
e trodden in order to make our position plain and clear,
st place, the physical conditions of the Province are
> this Province and absolutely unlike those which exist
in any other Province of the Dominion. They
which exist south of the line in the Pacific Co
there is a very large agricultural production, but in Washing
Oregon and California, there are extensive areas of open and pr£
land which we possess only to a limited extent. In respect
their timbered lands they are confronted with the same probli
that we are and have not gone any further towards a solution, i
I say, than we have. When people come here from the Mi-
West and from Ontario where the country is level and the co:
tions uniform, they are apt to wonder why they cannot go i
the Lands Office and find out exactly where they can get a seci
or quarter section to pre-empt, with full particulars, and they
ble that
the dut
the Go^
have   all
n   on   tap.     They write   letters   to   the
jr   complain   to  t
heir   friends,   and  their   complaints  are
echoed f
tical purpo
ses.    I do not blame political opponents
for taking advj
ntage of st
ch a situation.   I would probably do so
myself  c
r  my
friends  would do   so   for me.     But these  people
forget, o
r do n
ot know, tl
at this Province is 381,000 square miles
in extent
, and
that out o
its 250,000,000 odd acres of area there
is not m
ore th
an ten per
cent, of it arable, the latter being scat-
tered her
e and
there throt
ghout this vast domain in areas at long
intervals from
,ach other.
A great deal of it has been remote from
lines of
inication, a
nd much of it will so remain for some
time  to
It  is  a  c
ountry  filled with  mountains,  and  the
r is very ii
regular.    Except in a few of the larger
uch a
s the Wes
minster District, in the Okanagan, the
and t
hie Peace River, the agricultural land is in  small
areas, w
any definit
e relation to each  other.    Nothing but
an exten
sive si
rvey of the
Province—costing perhaps $100,000,000
revealed th
e lands available and definitely located
and platted the
m.    You m
ust take into consideration the fact, too,
that the
g railways,
the main line of the C.P.R., the Crow's
Nest, Co
lumbia and Wes
ern, and  Columbia and Kootenay,  ran
through t
y which ha
s been largely alienated to the Dominion
ent in
subsidies t
o the railway companies, and there was it would ha-
offered it to
little land within the influence of communication that could be
dealt with by the Provincial Government. It is only now that the
new lines of railway—the Grand Trunk Pacific, the Canadian
Northern Pacific, and the Pacific Great Eastern, are opening up
territory solely within the jurisdiction of the Government. With
regard to these our policy is one of development upon lines of
modern methods applicable to local conditions.
"Now then, let us get down to the practical application of these
facts. The land policy of the Government of today was bequeathed
to it. It accepted it as it was, and proceeded to administer the
laws as they were and had been for years. What was the situation
in 1903? Practically every foot of good land at all accessible in the
districts more or less developed had been alienated in one form
or another. What was left, which we know was very considerable,
was in districts remote from railway or other communication, and
en the greatest injustice and unkindness to have
:rs. Three things were necessary to remedy such
nsive surveys, railways and public roads. But,
1903. the Government was without money or
financial resource. Its hands were tied in regard to those and
many other important undertakings, and it was not until 1908, after
restored credit, good times, and a series of surpluses, that the
Government could undertake surveys on a large scale. We have
spent in surveys, including the survey of townsites, so far, a sum.
of approximately $2,104,000 and surveyed about 18,900,000 acres of
land, including timber and coal, and it must be obvious to you that
we are only at the beginning of the task of surveying British
Columbia. This year- we are appropriating $750,000 and that is
simply a drop in the bucket of our requirements.
"To build railways through a country like British Columbia is
a heroic undertaking, and the 2,000 odd miles now under construction will cost $150,000,000 to complete and equip. To build
vehicular highways to connect up all these agricultural valleys
with each other and with lines of communication at a cost of from
$3,000 to $5,000 per mile is another gigantic undertaking. Settlement without roads is impossible. We have built many a mile of
road during the past five years, the expenditure during that period
having been some $12,000,000. The estimate of the Public Works
Department is that to properly road up the district of Skeena to
meet future development would cost the tremendous sum of
$25,000,000, and it would be hard to conjecture the cost of a
proportionate development for the balance of the Province. A sum
of $150,000,000 would probably be a fair estimate. APPENDICES 39
"As I have said, we inherited our land policy, so far as the
method of disposing of the land is concerned, but we were not
responsible for the financial and other conditions which we also
inherited. The questions of land and settlement, railways, roads,
and surveys, are bound up with each other and inseparably associated, and more particularly in this Province where distances are so
great, and population, except in cities, can never become concentrated or be continuous. Settlement and development are the
objects, roads and surveys must be the means. The essential
element of accomplishment, however, is money, and the Province
up until 1907 or 1908 never had sufficient even for its ordinary
needs. You will agree that what we have done in all three
respects since we have had money to spend has left no stone
"The Government has been criticized because it has sold lands
and has dealt with its timber limits in a somewhat wholesale way.
Let me remark that you cannot have your cake and eat it, and,
if we had not sold lands and realized handsomely from our timber
limits, it would not have been possible to have done the things
we have done in preparing the way for that development which
the railways, the Panama Canal, and the trek to the last West, is
bringing about. If you want your public land surveyed you must
be prepared to spend many millions of dollars to do it. If you
want railways to open the great hinterland of this country, you
must be prepared to pledge your credit, and to put your hands in
your pockets to some extent. If you want settlers to fill up your
vacant lands which the railways are now reaching, you must
provide roads, schools, public buildings, and all the accessories of
modern civilized life. If you want the visitors from all parts of
the American continent who are now using the highways under
the new automobiling era, you must make good the highways.
The expanding population demands a corresponding increase in
the cost of education, and we have had as well to consider the
provision of higher education which, if not supplied at home, is
sought for abroad. The farmers and fruitgrowers of this country,
if they are to keep up with the procession of modern progressive
methods, must have the careful attention and co-operation of the
Government. We are spending this year, in all, about $300,000
through the Department of Agriculture, largely in educational and
demonstrational work.. We are spending about $1,500,000 on
education this year. We have a vast heritage in timber which it
is incumbent on the Gov(
benefit of the present ger
service, which is, as our \ large and valuable asse
e various rights of clain
: $402,000 with an additional
;  of approximately $170,000.
that all may be s
ascertain the extent of our resources, and conserve them, we are
providing for active work by the Board of Investigation as well
as for surveys of the various watersheds. For these and various
other subjects each of which, judged upon its individual merits, is
worthy and necessary if this Province is to take the place which
its position and possibilities warrant, are we not justified in using
some of our capital account? Are we not in the position of the
business man who wisely draws upon his capital account in order
that he may enlarge the sphere of his operations and lay the
foundation for future expansion?
"Reverting then to the fina
have already hinted that the s
one. It was, so to speak, tradi
apart from the advantages of th
of c
I polu
, I
s I ha-.
to the inte
did  not h;
the Pre
be made, and then
may be termed acce
some 18,900,000 ac
can showing these
section, so that in
to   :
; files
r politics. But has it,
have acquired in other
e or a policy prejudicial
:e. As I have said we
loney until about 1907 or 1908 to undertake
n as we had we undertook a comprehensive
:rved from time to time large areas set apart
:o be so surveyed until at the present time we
88,850,000 acres out of which selections may
is very little land open to the purchaser that
sible to present settlement. We have surveyed
:s, and we are preparing maps as fast as we
areas and acquiring data in regard to each
a. short time the Lands Department can turn
the :
sold in all between 2,000,000 and 2,500,000 acres. Of course the
arrears on these lands are considerable, but we are receiving six
per cent, on the deferred payments as against four per cent, if we
had the money in the bank. Upon all such lands which are unimproved the Government levy a tax of four per cent, on the assessed
value as wild land—a great deal of it being classed at the rate of
$5.00 per acre and much of it at $10.00. The people of this country
are, therefore, reaping ten per cent, per annum on the landed
assets so alienated, and I leave it to you to say if that is not good
business. I also leave it to you if the owners of such land can
afford to hold land unimproved and unsettled at that rate of
interest.    I grant you that it may not have been an ideal policy, but un
der the pr
ions it has been a
very practical
and pr
■•fitable po
icy.    Th
! Pro-.
ince runs no risks,
because if the
land is
not paid f
or it reverts to
the country again
But we have
gradually  relinqu
shed   th
jm  until  now  it  i
practically  a
thing o
f the past.
illy th
e same thing applie
s to the timber
for under
e.    There was a great—an unex-
rush,   for
these   li
tnits  c
uring   1906   and   1907,   and   some
9,000,000 acres we
re applie
d for.
The Government
then placed a
on all rei
lands, but the Pr
evince has not
with any t
tie in th
ese ar
eas. and from a fin
ancial point of
view has obtained
a revenue of about $2,000,000 per
innum.   When
the tim
ber is cut
the Gov
rnment receives its stumpage fees, and
has res
;rved the r
ight to i
e these as the price
of lumber and
ding for a large ane
steady annual
from  the
of the  Province, v
,-hich, under a
of  wise
tion   and  forest   protecti
on   should   be
al.    I subn
lit that
s also
good business.
iring the
ast sess
on of
the Legislature th
e  Government
made a
new departure in
its land policy, which I
trust you will
ng sup-
regard as a wise one, following the example of the Dominion in
the Middle West, that is, providing free grants of land to the
settler and including the cost of survey where such surveys have
already been made. This should greatly stimulate settlement and
bring about a vast increase of production and a decrease in the
price of farm products to the consumer. Having done what it
could to stimulate and encourage the building of railways
throughout the Interior, having launched out on an extensive
system of road-building for the benefit of the set
into operation a comprehensive system of surve
plied as many of the other accessories as possible for his use and
benefit, and having placed him on the free list in respect to the
available public lands suitable for cultivation, the Government
are prepared, when the Agricultural Commission has presented
its report, to consider what further steps are necessary to improve
his condition and to make the conditions as favourable as possible
for the profitable carrying on of his industry, upon the success of
which so much of your prosperity as a commercial community
depends. It is the sincere purpose and the constant object of
the Government to encourage not only agriculture to the limit of
its possibilities, but, as well, all the other industries of the Province—mining, fishing, lumbering, pulp and paper making, the
manufacture of steel and iron, shipbuilding, and so on, to the end
of the list, so that the great latent wealth of the Province may be
utilized for the benefit of every citizen of the Province now lend the Legislature, by
the Minister of Finance, as the policy of the
Government to so ir
crease the revenues from the natural resources
of the country that
in four years from now it would be possible
o remove all forms
of direct taxation, except that on land, so as
o  permit  of  como
erce  and  industry  being developed with  the
east possible burde
ti upon their operations.
progress -.
ossible   in   the   future   i
now making on what is still the very verge of
tish Columbia. Agriculture reached a production
last year of over $22,000,000, an increase of nearly a million over
the preceding year. The timber cut, at prices considerably lower
than the preceding year, is valued at $19,000,000, and the volume
of the cut exceeded all previous records. The mineral production
reached an aggregate of nearly $33,000,000, $9,000,000 in, excess of
the production of 1911, and over $6,000,000 more than the previous
highest record. Our fisheries had an estimated output of about
$15,000,000 in value, and have taken first place in the whole of
Canada by several millions of dollars. The manufacture of pulp
and paper has been firmly established, and we are told that this
year's production will amount in value to about $3,250,000. We
are told that the commencement of an iron and steel industry is liow
receiving the attention of capitalists who are examining the field
with a view to acquiring properties. Our manufacturing industries
have been invariably prosperous during the past year, and, as we
have seen from published reports, which I need not specify here,
imports and exports, bank clearances, post office business, the
tonnage of shipping, and building operations, have all shown
remarkable expansion. I do not for a moment imagine that this
record of expansion will remain unbroken and that we shall not
have some setbacks. The present progress and activity have been
stimulated to a considerable degree by the amount of railway
construction going on in the Province and the prospects of the
early opening of the Panama Canal, by which business conditions
will be somewhat revolutionized; but the record of years past goes
to show that the expansion of our business in every branch is
steadily upward, and the only difference has been that during the
past five years the rate has become greatly accelerated year by
year, and this we may expect, as an average over a period of
years, will continue to the end of the chapter.
the large
) be the duty of Boards of Tra APPENDICES 43
and public works, when they cease in the proportion they now
exist, may be replaced by the payrolls of the various  forms  of
give birth, there will come a time when the conditions now to
some extent the result of temporary stimulation, will become
normal, as they are in the older communities of America; but, if
the foundations of our industries are laid truly and well, the transition will be gradual and we shall not experience those rude
shocks which come to a business community from over-confidence
in prosperity which may be unreal in its origin, inasmuch as it
may not be the fruit of legitimate productiveness.
"I thank you, Mr. President, and yo
Victoria Board of Trade, for the patiena
listened to me, and for the privilege you
in being permitted to address you.
"In all your efforts for the betterme
business opportunities, you have my best
I can confidently speak for the Governme
:  of the
ishes for success, and
as a whole in saying
1 your  aims you will
Oats in Stook, Gi BEITISH   COLUMBIA,  BOABD  (
Committee Reports
e follov
1 the Board's endorser.
31st March, 1913.
The President and Council,
Board of Trade,
.Victoria, B.C.
Gentlemen:—Your Committee on Harbours and Navigation beg to
report that Mr. J. E. M. Nash, representing the Royal Mail Steam
Packet Company, states that the steamers to be operated by his company will be larger than the new "Empresses" of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, about to sail for these waters, and he calls attention to the
necessity of immediately providing additional harbour accommodation
made to the immediate entry to these water
ae and that on the opening of the Panam:
ade for five additional steamship li
id to the further fact that the wharf
It ii
to meet
the situat
e the s-
of the Pan
e for e
Therefore, in view of the r
the short time that will elapse before
mercial usage, we recommend:
That further representations be made to the Dominion Government
as to the urgency of the needs of this port, and that in order to do so
effectively, a delegation be sent to Ottawa at once to request:
1. That immediate steps be taken by the Government to provide
for at least two piers, 1000 ft. long, properly equipped, one of which
may be built on and simultaneously with the breakwater;
2. Also to again place before the Government the necessity of providing a first-class drydock, able to accommodate the large ocean liners
now frequenting this port and those shortly to eome.
We have not referred to the question of a Harbour Commission,
which, no doubt, will be constituted at an early date.    This was contemplated  by  the  Royal   Commission   on  Transportation   and  subsequently brought to the attention of the Government by Mr. Louis Coste.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
P. A. Pauline,
Beaumont   Boqqs,
Chas. H. Lugein,
W. H. Logan,
H. G. Wilson. Board of Trade generally o
a all
matters nov
7 under consideration wi
the Dominion Government."
The result of their miss
ion is
indicated i
1 the following report:
i, B.C., April 24th, 1913
, Br
l Colui
tion to at or
i:—On April 1st we were appointed as a special delegs
3 proceed to Ottawa to lay before the responsible Ministei
matters in connection with the development of the port of Victor:
with special reference to the report of the Committee on Harbour
Navigation, dated March 31st.
On our arrival at Ottawa we were at once met by Mr. G. H. Bar
nard, M.P. for Victoria, who had already arranged an inte
the Honourable Robert Rogers, Minister of Public Works.
Breakwater and Piees
We laid before the Honourable Mr. Rogers an important array of
data showing the rapid growth of the port and also the immense strides
in shipping that would inevitably result from the completion of the
Panama Canal, and found him most interested in and sympathetic with
the optimistic views of the Victoria Board of Trade.
We then discussed with Mr. Rogers the idea of changing the construction of the Breakwater so as to admit of a pier being built alongside. On going into the matter we found that as the contract had
already let according to plans and specifications, and the work started,
it would have been most unwise for us to have pressed this point, as it
would entail fresh specifications and a new contract, thus very materially retarding the progress of the work. Consequently we urged upon
Mr. Rogers the necessity of immediately starting two piers of at least
one thousand feet in length and giving a depth alongside of thirty-five
feet at low water, having double decks for passengers and equipped with
the most modern arrangements for freight handling, etc. Mr. Rogers
then referred us to Mr. Lafleur, Chief Engineer of the Public Works
Department, and also requested us to interview the other members of
the Cabinet relative to the nature of our mission, and to enlist their
support and endorsement.
Accompanied by Mr. G. H. Barnard, your delegation met Mr.
Lefleur and went thoroughly into the question of Harbour improvements with him. It again became apparent that it would be ill-advised
for us to press the suggested change in the plan of the construction of
the Breakwater, and the building of the pier alongside, and 46
trated our efforts upon securing two piers of 1,000 feet in length, which,
when completed, would give 4,000 feet of berthing space and a depth
at low water of 35 feet. We found Mr. Lafleur keenly interested in
the development at this port, and upon discussing the details of the
piers, we found that he was heartily in accord with our representations
that the piers should be of the best form of construction, equipped with
good passenger facilities, and the latest improved methods for handling
freight After several interviews with this gentleman your delegation
left, feeling that the plans and specifications for the new piers would
be pushed forward as rapidly as possible, as Mr. Lafleur promised his
hearty co-operation and support in this direction.
Introduced by Mr. Barnard, we then called upon the following
Ministers: Hon. Martin Burrell, Hon. Mr. White, the Hon. Mr. Hazen,
and we also saw the Hon. Dr. Reid, and the Hon. Mr. Cochrane, and
succeeded in enlisting the support and co-operation of all these Ministers. .
We found the Hon. Mr. Burrell most sympathetic and enthusiastic
about the development of the harbour facilities in the West, and in fact,
all the Ministers seemed to be alive to the situation that now was the
time for Canada to push forward and derive every possible benefit from
the building of the Panama Canal, and also the inevitable Western
movement of a portion of the vast grain crops of the prairies.
Upon returning to interview the Hon. Mr. Rogers and report the
progress of our mission with the various Ministers we again discussed
the whole situation with him, and finally he issued instructions that the
sum of $300,000.00 should be placed in the supplementary estimates for
the starting of the work on the two piers this year. The Minister of
Finance having agreed to this, and the Chief Engineer having decided
that this sum would cover all the reasonable expenditure that could be
used when the preliminary work and plans were completed, within the
period covered by the present fiscal appropriations, we felt satisfied
that we had carried out the wishes of the Board of Trade upon this
Dey Dock
With reference to this matter we may say that the assurances we
received from the Minister of Public Works were of a highly satisfactory nature, and we await with every confidence the official announcement of the Prime Minister that the Government will construct a
gravdng dock at Esquimalt, whieh we understand will be 1,150 feet
long, 115 feet wide, and have a depth of 35 feet over the sills. We
were pleased to have the opportunity to support this decision with
facts, figures, and arguments as to why a public work of this character APPENDICES
should be construct
strategical position.
;d at Esquimalt, (
Harbour Commission
Relative to the question of Harbour Commission, we discussed this
matter with the various departments, and although it is admitted that
this would be the ultimate method of handling the situation, we felt
that for the present it was not advantageous to the development of the
port of Victoria to press for an immediate decision upon this point.
>ok up the matter of the Seymour Narrows Bridge and found
that the Government is alive to the importance of this work, and we
were assured that a capable engineer would be appointed to go into the
matter thoroughly and get out a report upon the project.
We took advantage of our interview with Mr. Hazen to strongly
impress upon him the urgent necessity of some assistance being granted
to Canadian ship builders, particularly with reference to ship building
conditions on the Pacific Coast. At the present time, Mr. Hazen
informed us, that the ship builders of Canada are drawing up
to the Government setting forth the situation and dealing with;their
suggested methods of bonus. Mr. Hazen stated that this matter would,
when the memorial was presented, have very serious consideration by
the Government, and the entire question would be discussed with a
view to the settlement of this important matter on a satisfactory basis
:e, the Minister stated that as far as
concerned, all Canadian vessels would be
ships for his Depart
built in Canada.
C.N.R. Car Ferries
Whilst in Toronto your delegation took the opportunity of interviewing Mr. Hanna, Vice-President of the Canadian Northern Railway
Company, .with the view of securing the speedy construction of an up-to-
date Car Ferry equipment between the Mainland terminal of the Canadian Northern Railway and the Island. Mr. Hanna was much impressed
by the importance of the situation and intimated that he would shortly
be in Victoria and hoped to bring the matter to such a conclusion that
there would be established by his company a first-class up-to-date Car
Ferry service between the Mainland and the Island. This, we urged
upon him, was most important, as the company's railway was fast
nearing completion, and it would take time to get the ferry equipment
Before concluding, we must emphasize strongly the generous assist-
ice and strong support given us by Mr. G. H. Barnard, M.P. for Vic-
»ria, and we are also much indebted for the kindness and willing
ssistance given to us by our fellow citizen, Mr. R. F. Green, M.P. for
ootenay, also Mr. Frank Shephard, M.P. for Nanaimo, and the other
embers for B.C. We must also add that the British Columbia repre-
sntative in the Cabinet, the Hon. Mr. Burrell, placed himself entirely
t our disposal, and was untiring in his efforts to render us any assist-
nce possible.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Yours faithfully,
Henry B. Thomson,
William H. Logan.
Note—The Dominion Government Estimates provide:
For the Breakwater     $500,000
For New Piers and Harbour Improvements  600,000
For the Esquimalt Dry Dock   500,000
j 8th August, 1912.
To the President and Council,
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade.
Gentlemen:—Your Committees on Harbours and Navigation and
Public Works and Railways beg to call your attention to a plan published in the "Colonist," issue of 16th July, showing the preliminary
recommendations made to the Provincial Government for utilizing for
railway terminal purposes the late Songhees Indian Reserve.
While it is understood that this plan has not been approved, on the
other hand it is not known what changes are contemplated, and for this
reason we consider it desirable that this Board of Trade should bring to
the notice of the Provincial Government that if the published plans are
adopted the present navigable channel would be obstructed, and that the
creation of the North Channel, approved by the Dominion Government,
would be prevented.
Your committee would urge that no plans should be finally adopted
which conflict with the following requirements:
Present channel to be left unobstructed;
Railway con
e with the proposed Northern channel;
iction between the-Songhees terminals and the Outei Your committee are of opinion that, if possible, the railway connection between the Songhees terminals and Outer wharves should be
by bridge between Songhees and Laurel Points* and that the railway
plans for the Songhees Reserve should be made in harmony with the
development of the Inner and Outer Harbours as recommended by Mr.
Louis Coste and approved by the Dominion Government.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Harbour and Navigation Railways and Public Works
Committee : Committee I
F. A. Pauline,
Beaumont Boggs,
W. H. Logan,
C. H. Lugbin,
H. G. Wilson.
J. S. H. Matson,
R. T. Elliott,
J. Heerick McGregor,
H. Despaed Twigg.
4th September, 1912.
To the Council,
Victoria, :
ish Columbia, Board of Trade.
Gentlemen:—Your Committee on Trade, Commerce and Transportation consider it desirable that this Board of Trade should renew its
efforts to prevail upon the Dominion Government to encourage shipbuilding in Canada.
At present Canadian shipbuilders suffer a great disadvantage in
competing with shipbuilders in Great Britain in consequence of British
built vessels being admitted into Canada duty free. The wages paid
for shipbuilding in Canada are higher than in Great Britain owing to
our tariff and England being a free country. In addition, material
has to be imported and duty paid thereon ranging up to 52%, representing on a well-equipped vessel possibly 15% of the total cost.
In the case of Government work a fair-wage clause is inserted in
the tender form, which imposes upon British Columbia shipbuilders a
serious handicap in competing with Eastern Canada and an even
greater handicap in competing with British shipbuilders. No allowance appears to be made, when considering tenders, for the duty which
the Canadian shipbuilders have to pay another Department of the Government on imported materials required in the construction of the
vessel. C0LUM
Victoria Board of Trade directed the attention of the
n Government to these conditions in the year 1906 and about
2 time brought the matter to the attention of the Royal Com-
on Transportation, with the result of a recommendation by
y in favour of protection for Canadian shipbuilders,
he opinion of your committee, it should not be difficult to pre-
>n the Dominion  Government  to  improve present conditions,
recommend that the Board obtain from the Pacific Coast ship-
a definite statement in support of a request of, say, a bonus
. the difference in cost of construction, or, at the least, the
n into Canada duty free of all the materials required in con-
lidiary new  enterprises, and  it is,  therefore, urged that the
tion of other Boards of Trade be secured and the case again
1 to the Dominion authorities through the proper channel,
of which is respectfully submitted.
H. F. Bullen, Chairman,
R. W. Douglas,
F. A. Futchee,
C. Loewenbebg,
E. F. Badigeb.
Stowage of Cargo
remind you of the
"Iroquois" disasters
3h Columbia, Board of Trade.
ir Committee on Harbours and Navigation beg to
;eneral feeling at the time of the "Sechelt" and
that the requirements under the Act governing
sssels were insufficient. In the meantime, this
ted with the Department of Marine and Fisheries,
was informed that "every vessel which is regis-
lip must be measured by a duly appointed meas-
ps"; that the stowage of cargo and the amount of
carry on deck is properly the duty of the master
; is not advisable to relieve him of that responsi-
i this -   appendices 51
tected waters, coasting waters and ocean waters being contiguous on a
short voyage, and that with the rapidly increasing tonnage operating,
there is increased liability of masters taking risks similar to the above,
which resulted in the loss of valuable life. Therefore, your committee
would most strongly urge that in addition to the inspection of hulk,
boilers and machinery, every vessel should be examined and reported
upon for stability,  and that additional and fully qualified inspectors
Your committee further recommend that there should be regulations
respecting the stowage of deck loads, with the object of minimizing the
risk of loss of life.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
F. A. Pauline,
H. G. Wilson,
Chas. H. Lcjgbin,
Beaumont Boggs,
William H. Logan.
13th February, 1913.
i Honourable J. D. Hazen,
Minister of Marine and Fisheries.
Dear Sir:—By direction of the President and Council, I have the
lour to transmit herewith copy of a committee report which contains
: views of this Board of Trade in respect to measures considered
essary to safeguard life on vessels operating in these waters.
Asking that the Board's recommendations may receive your early
1 favourable consideration,
Yours faithfully,
F. Elwoethy,
Office of the Minister of Marine and Fisheries of Canada,
Ottawa, 21st Feby., 1913.
Sir:—I beg to acknowledge your letter of the 13th instant enclosing
copy  of  a  committee  report  submitted  to your  Board  of  Trade  in
respect to measures considered necessary to safeguard life on vessels
operating on the British Columbia coast.
Yours faithfully,
J. D. Hazen.
The Secretary,
The.Victoria, B.C., Board of Trade,
Safety of Life at Sea
To the President and Council,
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade.
Gentlemen:—Your Committee on Harbours and Navigation, to
whom has been referred the accompanying Bill, No. 26, respecting
Radio-telegraphy, recommend that this Board should suggest an amendment to Section No. 4, as follows:
Certain Passenngee Steamebs to be Equipped with Apparatus—
From and after the first day of July, one thousand r
thirteen, no passenger steamer, whether registered in \
(a)    Licensed to carry fifty or more passenger:
"Minor Coastal" ports e
ed i
• plac
ine hundre
rry fifty o
3 persons, including passenger
"Ocean Coastal" ports c
md plying betwee
than twenty miles apart,
Shall leave or attempt to leave any Canadian port unless such steamer
is equipped with an efficient radio-telegraphy apparatus, in good working order, capable of transmitting and receiving messages over a distance of at least one hundred miles by night and by day, and in charge
of a person fully qualified to take charge of and operate such apparatus.
Your committee would call attention to the variable waters on
this coast and the fact that vessels engaged principally in protected
waters at times encounter the ocean, and to meet these conditions the
following definitions are suggested to distinguish between "Ocean
Coastal" and "Minor Coastal" routes:
"The term 'Ocean Coastal' shall refer to vessels trading coastwise
in the waters as specified in Section 3, sub-section (f), Chap. 65,
amending Chapter 113 R.8., the Canada Shipping Act, and shall cover
all vessels engaged on routes exposed to the ocean."
" The term "Minor Coastal' shall refer to vessels trading within the
limits as specified in Section 3, sub-section (f), Chap 65, amending
Chapter 113 R.S., the Canada Shipping Act, of which the routes shall
lie within the protected waters of bays, inlets, gulfs or straits. Vessels
trading coastwise in the inside passages on the British Columbia coast
mainly in protected waters, and the routes of which are at no place
exposed to the ocean for a distance exceeding 20 nautical miles from
land to land may be classed as Minor Coastal vessels."
aittee further recommend that the Bill provide for con-
uous watches of operators both at s
All of which is respectfully submitted.
F. A. Pauline,
H. G. Wilson,
Chas. H. Lugkin,
Beaumont Boggs,
William H. Logan. Sir:—I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your night lettergram of
February 7th and the letter of the same date, submitting a proposed
amendment to Section 4 of Bill No. 26, "An Act Respecting Radio-
Telegraphy," and in reply beg to advise you that this Bill was referred
to the Committee on Marine and Fisheries on the 30th ultimo, and
that a copy of your communication was laid before them.
Your amendment was carefully considered by the committee and,
while they acknowledge the merits of the same, they decided that in
view of existing legislation respecting compulsory equipment enacted
by other countries and the undoubted hardship the provisions of your
amendment would impose on certain Canadian ships financially unable
to comply with the same, it would not be advisable to recommend such
an amendment at this moment. At the same time the committee considered your suggestion a most valuable one, and one that should be
borne in mind when further legislation in this reference becomes neces-
I will be pleased to forward a copy of the Bill in the form in
which it was finally approved by the Marine and Fisheries Committee
immediately the same is received from the printer.
Aids to Navigation
The President and Council,
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade.
Gentlemen:—Your Committee on Harbours and Navigation had
under consideration aids to navigation and life-saving appliances on
the West Coast of Vancouver Island and have received from Captain
G. E. A. Robertson, Agent Marine and Fisheries, the accompanying
statement, showing what works have been performed since the wreck
of the S.S. 'Valencia."
In the opinion of your committee there still remains work to be
done, and we beg to recommend:
1. That a light should be established as soon as possible at
Solander Island, or Cape Cook.
2. That motor lifeboats should be provided at Ucluelet and
Clayoquot. In the event of need in these localities it is probable that the
men would be exhausted before they could reach the scene of the wreck,
unless there was a tow-boat of some description at hand to take the
lifeboats in tow, and take them to windward of the vessel in trouble.
3. That a steamer of some kind should patrol the coast from
Clayoquot to Scott Islands at least twice a month during the winter. 54 VICTORIA,  BRITISH COLUMBIA, BOABD OF TBADE
4. That during the winter months the number of look-out stations with regular watchmen on the coast-line between Bamfield and
Carmanah should be increased and efficient telephone communication
arranged for between stations.
5. That an examination of all the stations, stores of provisions,
etc., and tests of telephone communications, rocket apparatus, etc.,
should be made at frequent intervals and a report thereon furnished
the Department of Marine and Fisheries on every occasion such examinations and tests are made.
All of which is respectfully submitted. F. A. Pauline,
H. G. Wilson,
Chas. H. Lugein,
Beaumont Boggs,
William H. Logan.
Captain G. E. L. Robertson, 13th November, 1912.
Agent, Marine and Fisheries,
Dear Sir:—On behalf of this Board of Trade, T would be pleased
if you will kindly furnish me with information in respect to aids to
navigation and measures for life saving on the West Coast.
You will doubtless remember at the time of the wreck of the
'Valencia" how strong public opinion was in favour of improved aids
to navigation and for saving lives in case of wrecks, and this Board of
Trade would like to know what has been done in the meantime, what
further works are deemed necessary, and what arrangements have been
made for carrying them out.
Yours faithfully,
F. Elwoethy,
Marine and Fisheries Agency,
F. Elworthy, Esq., Victoria, BjC, Nov. 15th, 1912.
Secretary, Board of Trade,
Victoria, B.C.
Sir:—I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 13th
inst., and in reply to your request for the list of "Aids to Navigation"
and "Life Saving Appliances" that have been established on the West
coast of Vancouver Island since the wreck of the "Valencia," I take
pleasure in submitting the following for your information:
1. A light station of the 3rd Order has been established at
Sheringham Point this year, 1912. -manah Station was replaced by
lah replaced by a more powerful
established   at  the
2. The lighting apparatus at C
a more powerful apparatus in 1908.
3. The steam fog horn at Carm
diaphone alarm in 1908.
4. A  gas   lighted   and  whistling  buoy
entrance to Port San Juan in 1907.
5. A gas and whistling buoy was maintained from 1907 to 1909
on SwiftsuTe Bank, when it was replaced by a steam light ship maintained by the United States Government.
6. A light of the 1st Order was established at Pachena Point in
7. A diaphone fog horn established at Pachena Point in 1908.
8. A wireless station established at Pachena Point in 1908.
9. A diaphone fog horn established at Cape Beale in 1908.
10. A small unwatched light was established at Amphitrite Point
in 1905.
11. A 1st Order light station was established at Estevan Point
in 1910.
12. A diaphone fog horn was established at Estevan Point in 1907.
13. A wireless station established at Estevan Point in 1907.
14. A light station of the 4th Order was established at Nootka
in 1911.
15. A combined gas and whistling buoy was established at Kyuquot
in 1907.
16. An unwatched acetylene light was established at Lookout
Island in 1907.
17. A light station of the 5th Order established at Quatsino in
18. A light station of the 1st Order was established at Triangle
Island in 1911.
19. A wireless station was established on Triangle Island in 1910.
20. A life-saving station was established at Banfield Creek in 1907,
where a motor self-righting and self-bailing lifeboat is kept in service
the whole year.
21. A life-saving station was established at Ucluelet in 1907, where
an oar-propelled, self-bailing and self-righting boat is in service, with
v of t
, fn
i the 15th October to the 31st of March each
life-saving  station  was  established  at  Clayoquot in  1907,
r-propelled, self-righting and self-bailing boat is in service, VICTOEIA,  BBITISH  COLUMBIA,  I
- of twelve men, from the 15tt
E October to the 31st of
l life-saving road, skirting the coast from Banfield Creek to
Point, has been built from Banfield Creek for 16 miles as a
ad, and for the balance, of approximately 16 miles, as a foot
ive shelter huts have been entablished between Nootka and
jvhere a supply of food has been left, with stove and firewood
ions for getting to the nearest settlement.     These directions
ookout stations are maintained at Ucluelet and Tsusiat
winter months, and at each of these places a watch is kept
work, I beg to
ts or recommend
mt at Ottawa, i
set to the Depar
i. Your obedient esrvant,
G.  E.   L.   ROBEBTSON,
Canadian Highway
The President and Council,
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade.
Gentlemen:—We beg to report consideration of the accompanying
invitation received from the Canadian Highway Association, that
this Board of Trade be represented at the annual convention to be
held at Winnipeg, October 9th to 12th, and would recommend the
adoption of the following resolution:
"That the Council of the Victoria Board of Trade warmly endorses
the objects and work of the Canadian Highway Association, and
respectfully suggests that any appropriation made by the Federal
Government under the Canada Highways Improvement Act should be
on a mileage basis. The Council is further of opinion that the best
results will be attained by immediately commencing the construction
or assistance of the Provinces in the construction of a National Highway from coast to coast."
All of which is respectfully submitted. J. A. Mara,
A. E. Todd,
H.  G.  Wilson.
25th September, 1912. The President and Council,
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade.
Gentlemen:—Your Committee on Agriculture wish to direct attention to a statement, published on page 71 of the Board of Trade report
for the current year, which indicates that the value of agricultural
products imported into British Columbia from Canada and from points
outside of Canada during the year 1911, amounted
$14,699,854.    As the home production during
to only $21,641,928, it is apparent that the agricultural development
of the Province falls far short of what it should be.
sbstantial progress has been made, the present time appears
opportune for bringing larger areas of land under cultivation,
our committee would offer the following suggestions for consider-
irketing farm product
3. Co-operative methods
4. Cold storage warehouses.
5. Improved means of transportation and distribution.
6. Demonstration plots of land and agricultural insti
connection with country schools.
Your committee would also submit:
That in the opinion of this Board it is <
ment  of British  Columbia  should  consider
opportunity further aids to agriculture, with a view
area of cultivated lands and the volume of home-g
Your committee would like time to prepare detai
All of which is respectfully submitted.
To the President and Members,
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade.
Gentlemen:—Your Committee on Agriculture beg to report having
conferred with representatives of the BjC. Agricultural Association for
the purpose of preparing recommendations to be presented to the Commission on Agriculture.
submitted   for
Land Cleaeing. That a Commission or Board of Agriculture, composed of men thoroughly experienced, and versed in land clearing, etc.,
be appointed by the Government to adopt ways and means whereby
farmers can be assisted by loans at a low rate of interest to enable
them to clear, drain and otherwise improve their land.
Mabkets and Co-Operative Associations. That further provision should be made for the organization of co-operative associations,
with powers to supervise the expenditure of Government loans for land
clearing, etc., and to give such guarantees as may be required, and to
undertake the sale of produce and the purchase of supplies and for
such other purposes as may be to the advantage of settlers in country,
districts, such associations to be under the control of a central organization under Government management, to deal, among other things, with
the marketing of produce outside the Province.
Land. That the Government be urged to prepare for cultivation
unoccupied lands in large tracts and dispose of the same to bona fide
Spraying. That a Government spraying plant should be supplied
to every district where the cost of operation is guaranteed by the local
farmers or co-operative associations.
Pbe-Cooling and Storage Plants. That pre-cooling and storage
plants be provided by the Government in fruit districts, with provision
for the proper grading and packing of fruit.
Roads and Transportation. That the Government be urged to
continue the policy of making good roads suitable for freight motor
traffic  in  country  districts   to  connect with  the  various consuming.
Trunk Roads. That it is recommended that the Government construct and maintain trunk roads through organized as well as unorganized districts.
Markets.   That markets to be used by actual producers should be APPENDICES
Schools. That a simple form of book-keeping suitable for use on
the farm be taught in the rural public schools, and that a strong effort
should be made by the Department of Agriculture to disseminate
knowledge regarding improved methods of farm management in the
agricultural districts.
Telephones.   That the Government should enquire into the services rendered by companies having telephone franchises in rural districts and should require an efficient service to be provided, and where
it can be shown to be necessary, assistance should be gi1
Government, in order that the required service may be provided at
reasonable cost to the users:
All of which is respectfully submitted.
10th Januar
To the President and Members,
Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade.
Gentlemen:—At the request of the B.C. Agricultural A
we recommend that the City Council be urged to establish a
market for the sale of farm and garden products.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Edw. Alex. ;
S. F. Tolmie.
A brief review of mining in the Province of British Columbia
during the year shows that there has been a substantial
the production of the metalliferous mines. There was also a considerably larger production of coal, and this notwithstanding the fact that
.the output from some of the mines on Vancouver Island was retarded
owing to disagreement between mine owners and the United Mine
Workers of America.
In  the Coast Disteict the Granby  Consolidated  Co.  has
actively engaged in developing and equipping its new holdings
Granby Bay, Observatory Inlet. VICTORIA
The Britannia
(filling operatio:
g and Smelting Co.
ritannia Mountain
Howe Sound, between 600 and 700 men. (
and extracted on a larger scale than at ai
modern concentration plant is being
is being developed to provide additional powe
company's enlarged operations.
In the Inteeior the old producing min
viz., those of the Granby Consolidated Co. in
British Columbia Copper Co., near Greenwood,
rploys in its mining and
id at Britannia Beach,
is now being developed
previous time here; A
stalled and hydro-electric power
vith the
of Boundary District,
hoenix Camp, and the
indicated by the pub-
lintained a steady, *s
f silver, lead and zinc has
The development of bonanza
t openings of
lished reports of those companies, nav
and profitable ore production.
In Slocan District the producti
increased over that of previous recent ye
ore bodies in the Standard and other
high-grade ore in other parts of the silvery Slocan, promise well for a
large and sustained output of ore for a lengthy period.
In Ainsworth Camp there is renewed activity at the Highland and
No. 1, which properties are being operated by the Consolidated Mining
and Smelting Co. The Silver Hoard, also in this camp, is being energetically developed by some Spokane capitalists. Across Kootenay
Lake from Ainsworth, the old Blue Bell lead mine, under the capable
management of S. S. Fowler, has again become a regular ore producer.
In Nelson District, the Silver King copper-silver mine, recently
purchased by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co., is being
placed in working condition as fast as possible, and this old-time producer is expected soon to be again on the list of shipping mines. The
Molly Gibson, on Kokanee Creek, another of the Consolidated properties,
the long aerial tramway from which was damaged by snowslides last
winter, is now having necessary repairs made preliminary to resuming
production of silver-lead ore.
In Sheep Creek Camp the Motherlode gold mine has been steadily
operated all through the winter, also the Queen gold and Emerald lead
mines. There has been disagreement over a wages question between
the miners and the management of the Queen mine, but this is now in
a fair way toward settlement.
Rossland mines have been in continuous operation throughout the
year. The total output of ore was approximately 244,000 tons, the
chief shipping mines having been the Centre Star group, Le Roi and
Le Boi No. 2 group. Besides shipping 18,000 tons of crude ore, the
last-mentioned concentrated some 17,000 tons, and its milling operations
resulted in a production of 1,658 tons of gold-copper concentrate. The total gross value of the ore produced from Rossland mines in
all years from 1893 to date has been in excess of $55,000,000, and it is
evident that from present indications there will be a regular production
of ore from these mines for many years to come.
In Hedley Camp, Similkameen, too, the output has been satisfactory, the Hedley Gold Mining Co. having in 1912 produced between
$700,000 and $800,000 in gold, and paid dividends totalling $360,000 for
the year, or at the rate of 30 per cent, on its issued capital.
The adoption in the Province of modern methods of mining and
smelting has resulted favourably, while the application of electric power
to air compression, pumping, hoisting and ore-haulage has facilitated
extensive lateral development and the exploitation of large bodies of
low-grade ores such as in the earlier experiences of mining in British
Columbia and with the use of mining methods then in vogue, would
have been commercially impossible.
f the Rossi
it is learned that the
aggregate production of the mines of Trail Creek mining division, practically all from Rossland Camp mines, during the 19 years over which
production from these mines has been spread, has been 4,104,228 tons of
ore, containing 2,018,152 oz. gold, 3,383,951 oz. silver, and 86,838,170
lb. copper, together having a gross value of $55,577,452. The revised
figures for the year 1912 were as follows: Ore produced, 243,870 tons,
containing 132,073 oz. gold; 87,530 oz. silver, and 2,539,900 lbs. copper,
together having a gross value of $3,196,037. The average1 gross value
of the production of the last five years has been more than $3,000,000.
It is noteworthy, too, that of the aggregate production of lode gold in
the whole of British Columbia in all years, 3,438,849 oz., or about 59
per cent., came from Rossland mines. It is of interest, also, s
out the truth of last year's report of an increase in the gold value of
the ore mined, that while on the average gold content of 1,333,531 tons
of ore mined in five years, 1907-1911, was 0.441 oz. per ton, that mined
in 1912 averaged within a small fraction of 0.540 per ton, and this
notwithstanding that in one important mine there was a marked
decrease in the gold content of the ore mined last year. There is
believed to be good reason to look for a rather higher average gold
content in the ore being mined in 1913.
The production of coal has assumed comparatively large proportions in the Province.     Preliminary returns show that there was last
year a gross output of 3,066,000 long tons against 2,298,000 tons in
The quantity
* of 768,000 VICTORIA,  BRITISH  C
made was about 265,000 long tons, the whole of which was from c
mined in the Crow's Nest district in South-eastern British Columbia
The net profits of metalliferous mining companies operating i
British Columbia in 1912 were not less than $3,000,000.
The aggregate value of mineral production of Dritish Columbia fe
all years to the end of 1912 has been approximately $430,303,000. Tl
greater progress of recent years may be better recognized if some con
parisons be made. The Provincial Mineralogist, in his preliminai
report for 1912, gave the following figures.    The aggregate value of a
, 1903-1912, it was about $240,574,000.
y 57 per cent, of the aggregate productioi
m years last past, leaving but little mi
It i
l prog
of a
therefore, plaii
i than 43 per cent, for
vident that
I the 1
arison nearer to the present time, it may
be further shown that the proportion of the last five-year period, 1908-
1912, was $130,776,000, as against $109,798,000 for the corresponding
period, 1903-1907. It is a striking fact that of the value of the mineral
production for the whole period of 61 years for which statistics are
available, more than 30 per cent., or nearly one-third, was the production of the last five years. This is surely convincing evidence of the
substantial and gratifying progress that is being made by the mining
industry of British Columbia.
Next to her great industry of minerals, the most readily available,
if not the most important, of British Columbia's natural resources
is her immense timber reserve. This Province may now be said to
possess the greatest compact area of merchantable timber in North
America. Recent estimates place the area of Canada's merchantable
standing timber at from 300 to 600 million acres, and the British
Columbia Forestry Commission credits British Columbia with 240
billion feet of first class milling timber, or about one half of the forest
wealth of Canada. As far north as Alaska the coast is heavily timbered, the forest line following the indentations of the shore and the
river valleys and fringing the mountain sides. The Douglas fir, the
most widely distributed and valuable tree found on the Pacific Coast,
grows as far north as 51 degrees, where it is supplanted by the cypress,
or yellow cedar, red cedar, hemlock and spruce. The fir is very widely
distributed, being found from the coast to the Rocky Mountains. On
the coast it attains immense proportions, sometimes towering to a
height of 300 feet, with a base circumference of 30 to 50 feet. The
best average trees are 150 feet clear of limbs and five to six feet in
diameter. The fir is the staple of commerce, prized for its durability
and strength. The great bodies of this timber are found on Vancouver Island, on the coast of the Mainland and in the Selkirk and Gold
Mountains. Next to the Douglas fir in importance are the cypress
and red cedar, both of which are of great value and much in demand.
Red cedar shingles are the standard, and are finding an increasing
market in Eastern Canada. The white spruce is also much sought
after by certain builders for use in the better class of buildings.
Hemlock is abundant in the Province and possesses qualities which
should make it more valued than it is. The western species is
different and much superior to the eastern hemlock, and is as serviceable in many ways as more prized lumber. There are many other
trees of commercial value which arc manufactured into lumber, including white pine, tamarac, balsam, yew, maple and cottonwood.
The trees indigenous to the Province are: White fir, western
white fir, mountain balsam, large-leaved maple, vine maple, red alder,
arbutus, western birch, canoe birch, western dogwood, red cedar,
American larch, mountain larch, western larch, white spruce, western
black spruce, black spruce, white-marked pine, scrub pine, white
mountain pine, yellow pine, western crabapple, balsam, poplar, cottonwood, aspern, cherry, Douglas fir, western white oak, lance-leaved
willow, willow, western yew, giant cedar, yellow cypress or cedar,
western hemlock, Alpine hemlock. 64
i colum:
There are 272 sawmills in the Province (including twenty-two
situated in the Dominion Railway Belt), employing about 5,000 men
and producing, in 1912, 1,330,000,000 feet B.M. The area of Provincial
timber lands alienated by Crown grant, lease, and licence to date aggregates 12,165,134 acres. There are also over sixty shingle mills, with
an aggregate daily capacity of 5,000,000 shingles. Many of the big
mills are furnished with sash and door factories, planing mills, and
other woodworking machinery.
The increasing demand for lumber is illustrated by the following
figures, which show the approximate cut of British Columbia mills for
1903    317,551,151 feet.
1904    348,031,790    "
1905    473,713,986    "
1906    508,069,969    "
1907    846,000,000    "
1908     658,000,000    "
1909     775,000,000    "
1910 1,040,000,000    "
1911 1,201,778,494    "
1912 1,330,000,000    "
Value of cut, 1912, (estimated) $28,750,000
The capital invested in the lumber industry is estimated at over
200 million dollars, furnished principally by British, United States
and Eastern Canadian investors, and the opportunities for further
profitable use of capital are unsurpassed, as the prices of lumber are
constantly increasing, while the stumpage values are lower than in
any other part of North America. In the Pacific Coast States,
Washington and Oregon, the stumpage values are: Douglas fir, $2.50;
cedar (red) $3.00; hemlock, $1.75; spruce, $2.50, exclusive of taxes,
whilst those of British Columbia vary from 50 cents to $1, to which
must be added licence fees and royalty, amounting to about 66 cents
per thousand, a total not exceeding in any case $1.66. The figures
quoted for United States timber are standard prices; very choice and
easily accessible timber sells at higher rates. The rates in Ontario,
exclusive of a royalty of $2 per thousand feet, vary from $11.37 for
white pine to $1.00 for Jack Pine, and $8.55 for spruce. In Ontario
and the States the tenure of timber is limited to a few years, immediate and continuous operation being imperative.
The prices of lumber have increased from 60 per cent, to 75 per
cent, in ten years, and with the rapid settlement of the vacant lands
of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, the activity in railroad building, and the increasing demands of overseas markets, further considerable advances in prices are inevitable. appendices 65
Wood Pulp and Papeb.
Possessing an immense quantity of paper-making woods, British
Columbia affords a promising field for the paper maker. Pulp wood
forests border the ocean and many navigable waters, simplifying
transportation, and there are numerous water powers to supply motive
power to the mills. The rapid denudation of the pulp areas of the
United States will soon compel it to look to Canada for its supply of
wood pulp, which, according to the regulations now in force, must be
manufactured in the Province. There is, besides, a present demand for
pulp in Japan, China and Australia, and when the industry is fairly
developed, the ocean freights will enable profitable exportation to Great
Britain and Europe.
Along the coast-line of the Mainland of British Columbia and
Vancouver Island, practically inexhaustible areas of pulp woods can be
found. South of Knight's Inlet the most abundant wood is the Douglas
fir, which is successfully used for the manufacture of chemical pulp.
Its suitability for mechanical pulp is not so certain. North of Knight's
Inlet is the spruce and hemlock belt, affording enormous supplies of
excellent pulp wood—the Sitka spruce especially being unexcelled by
wood for pulp purposes.     These woods e
mmediately contiguous to the sea coast, so that logs
t very low cost.
• larj
An important point in favour of the industries on the sea coast
of British Columbia is the mildness of the winters, which admits of
operations being carried on throughout the whole year. The forests
of this Province are much more densely wooded than those of Eastern
Canada, 500 cords per acre being not uncommon, while from 100 to
150 cords may be taken as a fair average of good timber lands. With
proper husbanding, the forests are practically inexhaustible for pulp-
wood purposes. This is essentially a timber country. Atmospheric
conditions are especially favourable to tree growth, which is very
rapid, and the extent of otherwise valueless country along the coast
that can be devoted to forestry is enormous. Owing to its wealth of
raw material, excellent water-powers and geographical position, British
Columbia occupies a position of eminent advantage in competing for
the pulp and paper trade of the Pacific. A practically unlimited
market is afforded by Australia, Japan, China and the western coast
of America—both North and South.
In 1901, to encourage the establishment of the paper making
industry in the Province, the Government granted 21-year leases of
pulp-wood forests to bona fide applicants on liberal terms, and several
companies were formed to take advantage of the concession. These
companies selected 354,399 acres in various parts of the Province, and COLUMBIA,   BOARD   OF   TBADE
in 1903 the law granting pulp leases was repealed. The annual rental
to be paid under these leases is two cents per acre and a royalty of
twenty-five cents per cord of pulp wood cut. The lessees are bound to
build, equip and operate in the Province a mill with a daily output of
not less than one ton of pulp or half a ton of paper for each square
mile included in the lease. The merchantable timber on the leaseholds
may be cut and manufactured under special timber licence.
Four companies have fulfilled the preliminary requirements and
are now either erecting or operating plants. These are the British
Canadian Wood Pulp and Paper Co., with a mill at Port Mellon, on
Howe Sound; the Powell River Paper Co., Powell River; the Swanson
Bay Forests, Wood Pulp & Lumber Mills, Swanson Bay, and the Ocean
Falls Co., Bella Coola,
The Powell River Paper Company has a two machine news plant,
high speed Fourdrimers, a 40-ton sulphate mill and a 100-ton ground
wood mill with a capacity of 100 tons of paper and 100 tons of pulp
daily. The Company is reported to have orders for all the
pulp which it can produce.
The Swanson Bay Company has a complete modern plant and disposes of the bulk of its output in Japan.
The British  Canadian Wood Pulp and Paper Company operated
its mill successfully for some time, but is
the intention of installing a larger plant.
The Ocean Falls Company has an extensive plant, modern i
particular, and capable of a large output of pulp and paper.
J paper and
7 being reorganized -i
Island, which is about 285 miles long, with an average
width of about 60 miles, is separated from the British Columbia
mainland by the Gulf of Georgia and the Straits of Haro and Juan
de Fuca, and bears a close resemblance to Great Britain in its
geographical position as well as in climate and certain natural characteristics. The climate, mild and moist as in England, is warmer
and brighter, with less average rainfall, the summers being invariably
dry, with continuous sunshine, while the winters are much less foggy,
with frequent spells of crisp, bright weather. Holly, ivy, broom, gorse,
box, heather, privet and other shrubs grow in perfection, and all the
rite English flowei
i the fields and gardens.     Wa'   rs, primroses and violets bloom the year round, and in the early
the whole country is transformed into a vast rose garden,
wild and cultivated varieties flourishing everywhere. The climate
and the flowers are, however, far from being the most important
natural assets of this favoured region. Its timber is the finest in the
world and of great extent; its coal measures are practically inexhaustible; the deposits of other minerals—iron, copper, gold and silver'
—are vast and but slightly developed; its fisheries rival those of the
Atlantic, and its soil is of wonderful fertility, capable of producing
every grain, fruit, root and vegetable grown in the temperate zone.
The agricultural settlements on Vancouver Island, near Victoria,
along the line of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway, and at Comox,
are the oldest in British Columbia, and the excellence of their products
has more than a local reputation. Island poultry, Island mutton and
pork, Island strawberries, cherries, plums and apples, and Island butter,
command the highest prices, and such is the demand that little ever
crosses to the Mainland—the local markets absorb all and ask for more.
Cattle, sheep, swine and poultry do well on the Island, the climate
being so mild as to permit their roaming at large and picking up an
abundance of green food the year round. Dairying is a profitable and
growing industry, although the local market is still far from being
supplied, while the progress of mining, lumbering and fishing is constantly creating new demands, and the Oriental trade, as yet in its
infancy, assures a continuance of good prices in the future. The
average price of butter at first hand is 25 cents per pound.
In the Esquimalt, Metchosin, Sooke, Lake, Victoria, North and
South Saanich, Goldstream and Highland Districts, which adjoin the
City of Victoria, there is considerable good land suitable for poultry-
raising, dairying, fruit-growing, and market-gardening. Malahat
District also contains areas of arable land, some of which is heavily
timbered, which might be profitably utilized for poultry, dairying,
fruit-growing and sheep-raising.
Farther north lies the famous Cowichan Valley, noted for its
beauty of scenery and fertility of soil. Cowichan, including the districts of Comiaken, Quamichan, Chemainus, Somenos, Sahtlam, Seymour and Shawnigan, is one of the most flourishing settlements on
the Island. The soil of the Cowichan Valley is of peculiar richness,
being strongly impregnated with carbonate of lime, with usually a
depth of two or three feet and a subsoil of blue clay and gravel. The
soil is suited to all kinds of crops, but is particularly adapted to fruit,
which grows in great abundance and of excellent quality and flavour. 68
The roads throughout the district are the best on Vancouver Island—
where bad roads are almost unknown—thanks to the efforts of the
local Municipal Council. Very little wheat is grown, the area under
cultivation being too limited, but oats are a principal crop, yielding
60 bushels to the acre. Peas produce between 30 and 40 bushels per
acre, potatoes from 400 to 600 bushels, hay from two to three tons.
Apples, pears, plums, cherries and small fruits give big returns.
Sheep-raising is carried on to a considerable extent, a ready market
for sheep and lambs being found at Victoria, Ladysmith and Nanaimo.
Hogs pay well and thrive, and poultry give good returns, the price of
eggs and fowls being always high.
West of Duncan, in the Cowichan Valley, there is a large area of
good land, that portion of the north shore of the Cowichan Lake being
an almost level country admirably adapted to farming. From the
lake to the Nitnat River and Barkley Sound the country is more rugged
and heavily timbered, and is reported to be one of the richest mineral
sections of British Columbia. The same remarks apply to the land
in the vicinity of Ladysmith, and in the Nanaimo, Mountain, Cedar,
Oyster, Bright, Cranberry, Douglas, Wellington, Nanoose and Cameron
Districts. Mountain is broken, with considerable good land in the
Millstream Valley, and the uplands furnish excellent grazing, with
large and small timbers of good quality.     Cedar and Cranberry Dis-
farming land. North of these districts the character of the soil changes,
inclining to be sandy and gravelly in patches, but around Qualicum it
again reverts to a rich loam of the best quality. A good deal of land
is under cultivation in the country lying between Nanaimo and Comox,
but much of the best of it is still unreclaimed, and many thousand
acres will be available when cleared of timber.
miles d
at the head of Alberni Canal, about 20 r
ht miles wide, is destined to become an i
tandpoint, as it is the centre an
; for
t fro
1 rich
miles f
i Nam
area of good agricultural land can easily be brought under cultivat
by clearing and drainage. The soil generally is a clayey loam
very productive, being well adapted for fruit-growing and dairy
A very considerable part of the fertile Alberni Valley lies within
Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway Grant, and is included in the a
which the Company will render fit for cultivation and offer for i
to settlers.    Alberni has a steamboat service with Victoria, four saili
i Rai 1 * ! - 1
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Pbovinclal Goveenment Lands.
Particulars   of  the  Provincial  Government  lands   on  Vancouver
Island available for settlement will be furnished upon application to
the Department of Lands, Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
E. & N. Lands.
The Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway Company owns 1,250,000
acres of agricultural, timber and mineral lands on Vancouver Island,
extending from Otter Point on the south-west coast to Crown Mountain
in the Comox District, which include within their boundaries all the
flourishing farming, mining, lumbering and fishing communities along
the East Coast and the line of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway, a
tract recognized to be the choicest portion of Vancouver Island. This
magnificent estate is being systematically explored by the Company,
whose intention it is to clear the land of timber and divide it into
convenient sized lots, when it will be offered for sale to fruit-growers,
farmers, poultry and dairymen, at reasonable prices and on favourable
terms. As the interior is explored it is the intention of the Company
to extend the railway and build branches into the most desirable
valleys, to afford easy access to the agricultural, timber and mineral
lands. A branch of the E. & N. Railway is now built from Wellington
to Alberni, and another from Campbell River north through Comox
District is under construction.
Prices of Land.
Apart from the Government and Railway Company's lands there
is a great variety of desirable land owned by individuals, the price of
which varies with locality, quality of soil, etc. Wild land, mostly
heavily timbered, can be bought from $10 to $50 per acre. Improved
land ranges from $100 to $300 and up, according to extent and value
of improvement.
While some of these prices may be thought high, the cost of
clearing the land of timber must be considered, also that a small farm
well located and well tilled on Vancouver Island will produce more
and return bigger profits than a much larger area of land in most
other countries. APPENDICES
Poultry Raising
Poultry raising is an important branch of general farming which
is gradually developing in British Columbia, but not to the extent
which its importance warrants. The home market is nowhere nearly
supplied either with eggs or poultry, large quantities being imported
from Manitoba, Ontario, California, Washington and Oregon. In 1904
the value of eggs and poultry imported amounted to over $400,000, and
. good prices prevail at all seasons, the average wholesale prices for eggs
on the Coast being: Fresh eggs, 30 cents per dozen; case eggs, 22
cents per dozen; while the retail price for fresh eggs averaged 37%
cents per dozen, ranging from 25 cents to 70 cents. Fowls bring
from $5 to $8 per dozen; chickens, $4 to $7; ducks, $5 to $11; geese,
$1 to $1.50 each, and turkeys, from 28 to 30 cents per pound.
A practical poultry-raiser, who has made a success of the business
on Vancouver Island, says: "I have no hesitation in saying that there
are good profits in the business, conducted on a strictly commercial
basis. In fact, I know of no other branch of agriculture which is so
profitable, having in view the amount of capital to be invested and the
expense of conducting 'it. . . . Properly managed, in any number,
poultry ought to read a profit of at least $1 per head per annum."
A farmer who lives near Colquitz, Vancouver Island, gives the
following results from 150 hens:
From sale of eggs $375 00
From sale of chicks     50 00
From, increase  of  flock     25 00
 $450 00
100 bushels wheat at $1.05 per bushel $105 00
50 bushels barley at 60 cents per bushel     30 00
Sundries        10 00
 $145 00
Net   Profit $305 00
This shows a net profit of $2 for each hen, not including labour,
which yields a handsome return for the money invested. Fisheries
The coast of British Columbia, embracing all the sea-front which
lies between the 49th and 55th parallels of north latitude, presents
an ideal field for the prosecution of a great fishing industry in all its
branches. The coast is indented by innumerable bays, sounds, inlets
and other arms of the sea, so that the actual Mainland shore line, not
including Vancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte Islands, exceeds
7,000 miles, while thousands of islands shelter the inshore waters from
the fury of ocean storms. The vast maze of water is alive with all
kinds of fish, from the mighty whale to the tiny sardine, but until
very recently commercial fishing has been practically confined to the
taking of salmon. The fertility of the soil, the wealth of the mines and
the quality and quantity of the timber have all served to divert attention from the fisheries, and it is but lately that their importance has
begun  to be recognized.     The salmon,  swarming in myriads to  the
s during the spawning season, forced men
nd as they proved an easy prey, salmo
me of the great industries of the Provine
caught  in  great numbers  off  the  coast,
t of Va
mouths of the
ciate their valu
was established
Halibut  ar
exportation to the Eastern markets has become a
second only to salmon canning.
Herring of excellent quality are taken on the east coai
couver Island, the present centre of the industry being Nanaimo.
They are pronounced equal to the Atlantic fish by experts, engaged by
the Dominion Government to instruct the British Columbia fishermen
in the best methods of curing and packing. The catch of herring is
increasing annually, and promises to become a very important branch
of the fishing business. Cod fishing has not been given much attention, but seems to offer good opportunities for profit if carried on
systematically. The oolachan, a fish of the smelt family, swarms to
the rivers in the early summer and is caught in large quantities by
the Indians, with whom it is a staple food. It is a delicious fish,
delicate in flavour, and should afford profitable business if canned or
otherwise preserved for export.
There are many other sea products which might be turned to
account with advantage. Very little has been done in the minor
branches of the fishing industry, yet there is little doubt that canning
crabs, clams, sardines, smelts, prawns, shrimps, etc., could be made to
pay handsomely, while giving employment to a large number of people.
Whales are plentiful along the coast and in the North Pacific.
The bulk of the whales are of the sulphur bottom variety, averaging
70 to 85 tons in weight and from 60 to 80 feet in length.
Apart from the commercial aspects of British Columbia's
fisheries, they offer exceptionally good sport to the amateur fisherman and angler. All the numerous rivers; creeks and lakes, as well
as the sea, teem with fish, so that the gentle art may be enjoyed at
all seasons and in every part of the Province. APPENDICES 73
Report on the Fisheries of District No. 3
To the Chief Inspector of Fisheries,
New Westminster, B.C. .
Sir,—I have the honour to enclose my annual statistical report
on the fisheries for District No. 3, British Columbia, for the fiscal
year ended March 31, 1912.
The returns for this division show a marked increase, and the
development in the various branches of our fisheries have been most
satisfactory during the past year.
The total value of fish and fish products for the year ended March
31, 1911, was $2,358,423, against $2,786,302 for the year ended March
31, 1912, an increase of $427,879. Last year the value of salmon taken
was $1,396,190;   this year it is $1,485,517, an increase of $89,327.
The herring fisheries continue to develop, showing an increase in value
over last year of $71,441.
Two new salmon canneries were operated this year: One at Quatsino Sound, West Coast, Vancouver Island, by the Wallace Fisheries,
Limited, and the other at Seymour Inlet, on the Mainland coast, by the
Anglo-British Columbia Packing Company. The Wallace Fisheries
also completed the building of a cold storage plant at Uchucklesit
Harbour, Barclay Sound, Vancouver Island. It is modern in every
respect, and will be of great value to the fishing industry on Vancouver
Eight salmon traps operated on the south-east coast of Vancouver
Island, and were fairly successful. The traps secured a goodly share of
a large run of humpback salmon that came into the straits near the
J. H. Todd & Sons, the pioneers in trap fishing on Vancouver
Island, and Findlay, Durham & Brodie, are the only firms at present
operating salmon traps on the west coast of the Island.
The expansion of the oyster market and the high prices prevailing
have given new life to the industry, resulting in an increase over last
year of 3,055 barrels. The existing uncertainty as to the leasing of
oyster beds for the purpose of planting and cultivation has hampered
this industry in recent years, and it is hoped that the matter may be
put on a satisfactory basis before long.
The whaling stations operated by the Pacific Whaling Co. at
Barclay Sound and at Kyoquot Sound, West Coast, Vancouver Island,
had a very successful season.     The number of whales captured was 890, including 24 sperm whales,
whales ever taken at the statior
3 the largest number of sperr
lales were captured.
mnt of ambergris reported,  172
ined from one whale.
1,559 less than the number cap-
Your obedient servant,
Inspector of Fisherie
Salmon Laden Scow at Si •jsqum^
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£   !>
Of the Quantities and Values of all Fish-caught and 1
the Quantities and Values of aU Fish and Fish Pro<
pickled, csuned, &c.,state, for District No. 3, Pi
during the year 1911-12.
led in a Green State, and. of
is Marketed in a fresh, dried,
nee of British Columbia,
Kinds of Fish.
d Landed
Quantit, 1    Value.
166 322
•   346,086
Trout. '.'.".:'.'.'.'.-.'.'.'.'.'..'.
"  "l,m
|   canned	
Fur seal skins	
1 ,.183,130
Of the Number of Fishermen, &c, and of the Number aad Value of Fishing Vessels;'
Boats, Nets, &c, ih District No. 3i Province of British Columbia,
for the year 1911-12.
tt.*,.         Value'.
SatZ Series
KtaLvahie *  ,          *        '                  '   '     *
pen employed on Vessels and Tugs.
.. u Boats	
ersons employed in Fish-houses, Frei
.    .'.'.'  '.'."•' '.'.'.'.'..  '.'.'.'.'.'.. !    2,'098
'...." r."::.'..v..''.'.'."...'.\ ■ '225'
Hand lines.''.'.'.".'..' .'.''...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'.'.'.
Whaling stations	
mployed on Vessels and Tugs.
' Boats	
is employed in Fish-houses,  F RECAPITULATION
Of the Quantities and Values of all Fish caught and landed in a Gieen State, and o
the Quantities and Values of all Fish and Fish Products Marketed in a fresh
dried, pickled, canned, _c, state, for the Whole Province of British Colum
bia, during the Year 1911-12.
Kinds of Fish
,uantit,|     Value.
"   used fr*h *nd froz
"     mildcnrea 	
"     r°^Sted	
r^..i_;V              .
....   cwts.
;::: Wis.
Mixed fish	
„     canned	
....    cases
Crab* Shrimps,   Cockle.
46 140
Salted    salmon    roe (Indian
12 600
Hair sea', skins .7.'.'.....
.'.'.'.' *Na°
574 638
«w •*-.-.
General Information
Outside of ' incorporated cities, towns and municipalities,
taxation is imposed and collected directly by the Provincial Gove
ment and expended in public improvements, roads, trails, whar
bridges, etc., in assisting and maintaining the schools and in
administration of justice.
The rates of taxation imposed by the latest Assessment
are  as  follows: —
On Real Property  ' "4 of one p
"   Personal Property % of one p<
'*  Wild   Land    4 per cent.
"   *Coal Land,  Class A    1        "
"   **Coal  Land, Class B    2
"   Timber   Land     2
"   Income of $2,000 or under  1        "
"  Income over $2,000 and not exceeding $3,000    1*4    "
"   Income over $3,000 and not exceeding $4,000    1%    "
"  Income over $4,000 and not exceeding $7,000    2
"   Income   over   $7,000     2*.    "
Discount of 10 per cent, allowed if paid before June 30th, and the
following exemptions from taxation are granted: —
On personal property up to $1,000 (to farmers only).    Farm and
orchard products, and income from farm.
On all incomes up to $1,000.
On mortgages,  as personal property.
On  unpaid purchase money of land,  as  personal  property.
On  household  furniture  and   effects   in  dwelling-house.
On pre-emptions, and on homesteads within the Dominion Railway Belt for two years from date of record and an exemption of
$500 for four years after record.
Moneys deposited in bank; minerals, matte, or bullion In tne
course of treatment; timber and coal lands under lease, or licence
from the Crown, and timber cut from lands other than Crown lands
if the tax payable under the "Land Act" has been paid, are exempt
from  personal   property  tax.
., thei
i tax c
at the
s of 10 cents per ton
Minerals  are taxed  1
mine, less cost of transportation and treatment.
Crown-granted  mineral claims  are  taxed  25   cents  per acre.
A royalty of 50 cents per 1,000 feet, hoard measure, is reserved
to the Crown on all timber cut from Crown lands and lands held
under lease or licence, also a royalty of 25 cents per cord on wood.
There is also a revenue tax of $3 per year, payable by every
man  over 18  years  of age.
•Working Mines.    "Unworked Mines Labour and Wages
Builders' Labourers ....
Drivers (1 horse)	
Drivers (2 horses)	
Electric wirers	
Engineers (stationary)..
Engineers (marine)	
Ship joiners	
Iron moulders (jobbing)
Metal Workers     	
Machinist (Tin Printing
Metal Pattern-makers ..
Linotype operators (nigh
Linotype operators (day)
Labourers (lumber)	
Paper rulers (skilled)...
Printers (Job)	
Printers (Newspaper ad\
Unskilled labour .......
Steam fitters	
Agricultural labour from
Sawyers (head)	
nts per hour          Hours per <
$0 45      	
3 50 to $4 per day	
25 per 1,000
same as operators
$18 to $20 per week
1 50 to $2.50 per day 86
Occupation Cents per hour       Hours per day
Sawyers (second)              47J_    10
Millwrights '.             40        10
Per day "
Miners (quartz)       $3 to $4 00      8
"   (helpers)         2 to   3 00      8
Per day
Miners (labourers)                $3 30      8
"    (blacksmiths and mech.)       $3 to   5 00      8
Miners (coal) 82 cents per ton
Day rates
Fireboss $3 63
Shotligbters    3 63
Bratticemen   3 30
Timbermen  3 30
(helpers)    3 00
Tracklayers  3 30
"        (helpers)  2 86
Roadmen  3 30
Drivers (boss)    3 30
(double)  2 75
"       (single)    2 86
Pushers  2 75
Linemen     3 30
Motormen  3 30
(assistants)   3 50
Engineers, diagonal slope  2 70
"        endless rope  2 50
Winches  3 30
Rope Inspectors  3 30
Endless rope (men)  3 30
(boys) $1 25 to 175
Rope riders  3 00
Door boys   I 37
Cagers  2 85
"   (assistants)  2 60
Miners \
Loaders)   82* cents per ton
Machine runners $3 00; $3 25; 3 50
"       helpers  2 60
Drillers    $3 00; $3 25; 3 50
Brushers  3 00
Muckers  2 60 APPENDICES 87
Day rates
Cogmen  $2 60
Labourers, White  3 30
Chinese   140
Pipemen  3 57
Pumpmen ' 2 75
Stablemen  2 86
> Mill-Ha;
> Logo
Skidroad men $2 50
Fallers $2 75 to   3 25
Buckers $2 50 to   3 00
Hooktenders $3 50 to   4 00
Rigging slingers $2 50 to   3 00
Swampers $2 50 to   3 00
Engineers     3 50
Head Sawyers     6 00
Second Sawyers     4 75
Millwrights     4 00
Labourers $2 25 to   3 00
Cooks  per month, $25.00 to $75.00 and board
Domestics (women)   per month, $15.00 to $35.00 and board
Settlers' Effects Free
Settlers' effects, viz., wearing apparel, books, usual and reasonable household furniture and other household effects; instruments
and teiols of trade, occupation or employment; guns, musical
instruments, domestic sewing machines, typewriters, bicycles, carts,
wagons, and other highway vehicles; agricultural implements and
live stock for the farm, not to include live steck or articles for
sale, or for use as a contractor's outfit, nor vehicles nor implements
moved by a mechanical power, nor machinery for use in any manufacturing establishment; all the foregoing, if actually owned abroad
by the settler for at least six months before his removal to Canada,
and subject to regulations by the Minister of Customs: Provided
that any dutiable articles entered as settlers* effects may not he
so entered unless brought by the settler on his first arrival, and
shall not be sold or otherwise disposed of without payment of duty
until after  twelve  months' actual  use in  Canada.
A settler may toring Into Canada, free of duty, live stock for the
farm on the following basis, If (he has actually owned such live stock
abroad for at least six months before his Temoval to Canada, and has  brought  them  into   Canada  w
thin  one  year after his  arrival,
viz.:   If horses only are brought i
tl,  16 allowed;   if cattle only are
brought in,   16  allowed;   if sheep  c
nly are brought in,  60  allowed;
if swine only are brought in, 60 alio
wed.   If horses, cattle, sheep and
swine are brought in together, or p
irt of each, the same proportions
as above are to be observed.    Dut
r is to be paid on the live stock
in  excess of the  number-above  pr
ovided for.    For  Customs  entry
purposes, a mare with a colt under
six months old is to be reckoned
as one animal;   a cow with a calf
under six months old is also to
be reckoned as one animal. APPENDICES 89
Climate of Vancouver Island
Dr. Bryce, in "The Climate and Health Resorts of Canada," says:
"In all this country," from the south of Vancouver Island to the
Queen Charlotte Islands, "the fruits of temperate climates grow well,
and farm animals live outdoors the year round. The rich bottoms
of the Fraser delta have long been famous for their great hay crops
and pasture lands; but here the extreme of rainfall is met, the mean
for six years being 59.66 inches at New Westminster. The climate of
the great Island of Vancouver, running north-west across two degrees
of longitude and two degrees of latitude, presents every variety from
that at the sea coast, with, as at Esquimalt, a very low daily range
and no annual extremes—the lowest temperature in two years being 8
degrees P., the lowest monthly average being 20 degrees P., and the
highest in summer being 82 degrees F.—to that as above Alberni on
the West Coast, where the Vancouver range rises first into a plateau
to 4,000 feet and even to 7,500 feet in Victoria Peak."
"Apart from the mineral wealth of Vancouver Island, its climate,
with every variation possible, becomes most attractive. Its seashore
climate is milder than many parts of England, with less rain and less
seasonable variations."
Climate of Victoria, B. C.
There are many beautiful localities in this Grand Province of
British Columbia, and the general healthiness of the various climatic
conditions throughout the whole of its extensive boundaries, is a
point on which there is a universal consensus of favourable opinion.
Pre-eminent, however, for its natural beauty and its delightful
climate, stands Victoria, the "Queen City," the capital of the
Province and the seat of its Government. Situated at the southeastern extremity of Vancouver Island, its insular climate is considered to be the most delightful on the Pacific Coast, and has been
compared to that of the south of England.
"It is spoken of as England without its east winds. In reality
it is Torquay in the Pacific; a mild and even winter with rain and
occasional snow, an early spring; a dry and warm summer, and a
bright and enjoyable atmosphere; thunderstorms are seldom seen here,
they can be heard in the interior, but are rarely experienced."
The situation of Victoria, sheltered by the Island mountain ranges,
causes its rainfall to be much less than that of the cities of Vancouver
and New Westminster on the adjacent Mainland. The greater portion
of the moisture from the ocean has been caught and condensed on the
westward side of the Island ranges, and a second heavy precipitation
does not occur until the moisture-giving winds strike the highlands on
Meteorological Statistics—Victoria, B. C.
API. | May bunel July | Aug.| Sep. | Oct. | Nov.| Dec. || Year
41  6
41  0
48.5 52.758.7 62.7|61.053
i 50.0
47.3 52.1 58.0 59.6|59.5|57
7 48.52
1910  ...
47.6 54.8J57.0 61.3 59.1 56
i 49.63
: 48.76
40 6
.2J48.6 45.2 41.
i 50.33
!   1   1
49 3
51. 2|55. 2|73.2;66. 2|79. 4|83. 2|83.7 75.2
55.8 60.4|71.7 75.8 78.0 76.4
80 9
64.1 68.7i74.476.286.780.3
57.1 66. 8i72.4 73.2 89.5 79.5
53 f,
58.3 61.8184.2 85.9 89.8 81.6
63 £>
55 A
49 6
26.2 23.7 27.2132.9 39.7 46.0 14.2 K.4 34.9 31.2 31.9 28.3
7.428 230.532.034 342.244.944.338.3 36.725.423.6
23.819.0 31.4 32.2 38.7 41.4 45.3 43.2 41.2 35.7 33.3 30.3
14.9 24.4 27.2 27.7 37.5 40.2 44.7 46.2 37.8 33.5 14.2 30.0
23.5 28.5 27.2 30.2 37.941.2 45.5!41.2 41.7 33.0 30.3 31.4
||21.0 27.0|22.7|30.7|37 2
..      .
3.16 4.30
1 27
4 88
2.68 2.17
0 61
0 92
0 47
2 HI
11  5
4 47 3.91
2 37
0 36
7 71
6 41
3 58 0.96
6 49
2 79
3.833 14
1   H(]
1  5(1
1   15
2 26
1) 66
2 33
1913  ..
8      9
1909  ...
5    10
12      9
4    10
13      6
10     10
1909.... 5.8  0.2
1910.... 0 75 0.3
1912....  3.20   .
1913....  4.50 2.90
1 00
....     .... appendices
Bright Sunshine Registered at Victoria
1910                        1911                       1912                      1913
||   |   If   |   jj  jj   jj
June .
157 48    .42    186.54    .50
136.48    .41    117.42    .35
58.48    .21     32.48    .12
44.58    .17      22.54    .09
1878 30
1932.36    .40 .1661.14
r be of interest:
i with British bright sunshine percentage
"The r
 34     Glasgow     25
e seasonal than that of London, though greater
to September is usually a period of small
at Victoria, while in London the summer and
very different, and the percentage of bright
.ugust at Victoria is largely in excess of that 1 il e • : ll : :^ : jol j j ii i j; ::! : :|o i i j ;   j   ; : : ;
I      if U -^ il i il: if-.j i i ■ i i i • is -if*? iii;    til-is Ba
s  LlMI
; for One Seasc
Illegal to
5 Deer.
2 Elk or Wapi
2 Moose (bull
3 Mountain SI
250 Duck
The f birds
Duck,  Snipe, Heron and
last day of February.
(bull)  an
;   (bull),  Mountain
d Hare between the
On Vance
ill any animals, you
To  export  game  birds  c
portion or part of same, ex
animals or birds killed unde
To kill c
To hunt deer with dogs.
To kill deer for the hides alone.
To trap, net, snare or take by means of gins, baited lines, drugged
bait or other contrivances any of the birds mentioned in the Act, or to
attempt  to  do  so.
To take, or attempt to take, Trout by using any explosive, lime,
poison, net, seine, drag-net or other device, other than hook and line.
(In lakes of 50 square miles or over, nets, seine or drag, are allowed.)
To use salmon roe as bait for taking Trout.
To buy or sell heads of Mountain Sheep, Elk c
Caribou, or the teeth of Wapiti or Elk.
To sell Grouse of any kind, Prairie Chicken or
To kill any game birds or animals between one
and one hour before sunrise.
To use for taking wild ducks or geese batteries
sunken punts in non-tidal waters.
To expose for sale any Deer, Mountain Sheep, Gos
Moose or Caribou without the head on.
To expose any game bird for sale without its plumage 94
To sell or expose for sale any game birds or animals during the
To keep game in cold storage at any time.
To trespass or permit dogs to enter on enclosed lands.
To buy, sell, or offer for sale, barter or exchange any deer of
the black-tailed species, alive or dead, or the skin or hide, or any
portion thereof, on Vancouver Island and adjacent islands.
i any deer, alive or dead, the hide
d export from the Prov
• other portion thereof,
j kill, take,
trap, or
barter or have in  possessi.
during the period of six ye
To take trout under si-
attempt to kill or take,
n untanned pelts of beavi
,rs from the 1st August, 1
1 length.
Illegal to shoot or discharge a fire-arm within the harbor to the
north of a line drawn from Shoal Point to Work Point, or in Victoria
Arm between Point Ellice Bridge and the north side of the Gorge Bridge.
Illegal to shoot or discharge a firearm in that part of the harbor
lying to the south of a line drawn easterly from Brockton Point to
the south-east corner of District Lot 274 (North Vancouver), and to
the west of a line drawn southerly from the said south-east corner
of District Lot 274 to the north-east corner of District Lot 184 on the
south side of said harbor.
The general penalty for each offence is a fine not exceeding $100
or 30 days' imprisonment, or both fine and imprisonment.
For shooting Mountain Sheep, Wapiti or Elk, Moose and Caribou
out of season, or in excess of the number allowed, a fine of $50 for
each animal.
mt of season, or in excess of the
ach animal.
For shooting Deer out of season
ine of $25 for each animal.
For taking Trout out of season
For taking Trout by illegal devi
a fir
, Etc.
3 of number allowed,
lot exceeding $50.
! not exceeding $250.
Arrest, Seai
Any Constable, Peace Officer or Game Warden can arrest without warrant any person found committing an offence against the
Game Act, and has power to search persons, vessels and conveyances,
and shops where game is usually exposed for sale, storehouses, warehouses, restaurants, hotels or eating houses.
A. Bryan Williams,
Provincial Game Warden.
The  above summary of the Game Laws has been compiled  for
ready reference.   For further particulars see Order-in-Council, dated
14th   August,   1912. Victoria City—Building Permits
1901    .-$ 740,600.00
1902  326,000.00
1903     675,880.00
1904    607,150.00
1905    554,250.00
1906     699,300.00
1907   1,490,250.00
1908   1,314,240.00
1909   1,773,420.00
1910   2,373,045.00
1911    4,260,315.00
1912   8,182,155.00
Victoria Customs Returns
Years Ending 31st March
Duty Collections
..    11,393,504
Statement of Excise Revenue
Years Ending 31st March
Raw ]
$221,311.12   $243,926.87   $257,309.39   $269,512.19 Shipping
1912 .    478 696,173 35,745 S99      1,052,576       41,450
1913 .    634      1,045,663        48,263 1,193      1,091,161       43.H7
Victoria Post Office Statistics
Years Ending 31st March
Gross Postal Revenue       $108,344.85      $   135,285.96      $     57,600.00
issued. '..      No.    41,622        No.  59,635
Total amount of Money Orders
'   issued       $652,311.69      $1,003,393.32      $1,267,831.34
paid       $568,132.95      $   632,602.85      $   728,728.06
paid       $34,380.52      $     38,420.44      $     42,613-15 appendices
Victoria's Bank Clearings
For the Past Eight-and-a-Half Years
1904 Jan. to June $15,727,588      Tuly to Dec..
1905   "           "       17,824,982        "           "    .
...  19,065,482
1906   "           "       19,864,742        "            "    .
... 25,750,873
1907   "           "■      25,975,821        a           V    .
... 29,354,767
1908......  "           "      26,785,118
... 28,570,895
1909   "            "       30,886,765        "           "    .
...  39,809,117
1910   "            ".:... 44,878,016        "           "    .
...  56,687,058
1911   "            -       66,176,400        "            "    .
... 68,752,876
1912   "           "       82,033,003        "           "    .
Municipal Statistics
Victoria City Assessment, 1913—
Assessed   value   of land	
$ 89,130,150.00
Assessed value of improvements	
Corporation Properties—
Waterworks, schools, public buildings, etc	
Properties Free from Taxation-
Dominion  and  Provincial  Governments,   Churches,
Hospitals, C. P.R. Hotel, etc. (approximate) ...
British  Columbia  affords  excellent educational
The  school  system is  free and  non-sectarian,  and
is  equally as
efficient  as that  of  any  other  Province  of  the   Dominion.    The
Provincial    Government   expenditure    for    educational   purposes
exceeds $400,000 annually.   The Government builds a
makes a grant for incidental expenses, and pays a teacher in every
district where twenty children between the ages of s
can   be   brought   together.     For   outlying   farming
districts   and
mining   camps   the   arrangement   is   very   advantageous.     High
schools are also  established  in cities, where  classic
s and higher
mathematics are taught, and the Victoria High School is affiliated
with McGill University, Montreal.    Victoria city public and high
schools   are   in  charge   of   trustees   elected   by   the
receive a per capita grant in aid from the Provincial Government.
Attendance   in   public   schools   is   compulsory.     The
Department is presided over by a Minister of the Crc VICTORIA,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA, BOARD OF TRA
Scale of Commercial Charges
the  folio*,
I all kinds of
of  bills  for
collectible :-
1. On the purchase of stock, bonds,
securities,   including  the  dra
the payment of the same  -   2%
2. On sale of stocks, bonds, and all kind's of securities,
including remittances in bills and guarantee... 2%
3. On purchase and sale of specie, gold dust and bullion I
4. On sale of bills of exchange with endorsement  2^
5. On sale of bills of exchange without endorsement..  1
6. For endorsing bills of exchange when desired  2^
7. On sale of produce, etc., from foreign ports, with
guarantee      7%
8. On goods received on consignment and afterwards
withdrawn      2%
9. On goods received on consignment and afterwards
returned by the consignee  No charge
10. On purchase   and   shipment   of   merchandise   with
funds on hand, on cost and charges   5      per c
11. On purchase and shipment of merchandise, without
funds, on cost and charges   7%        "
12. For collecting  and   remitting  delayed  or  litigated
accounts    10 "
13. For collecting freight by vessels from foreign ports,
on amount collected     5 "
14. For collecting general claims  5 "
15. For collecting general average, on the first $20,000.00
or any smaller amount     5
16. For collecting general average, on any excess over
$20,000.00     2%
17. On purchase and sale of vessels   5 "
18. For "Port Agency" to vessels with cargo or passen
gers from foreign ports, as under:
On vessels under 200 tons register $ 50.00
of 200 to 300 tons register.. 100.00
" of 300 to 500 tons register.. 150.00
" over 500 tons register   200.00
19. For   disbursements   of   vessels   by   consignees   with
funds on hand   2%        " 20.
r elisbu
of *.
i without
funds  on hand     5     per cent.
21. For procuring freight or passengers  5
22. For chartering vessels on amount of freight, actual
or estimated, to be considered as due when the
"charter parties," or memorandum of their conditions, etc., are signed    5 ■'
23. On giving bonds  for  vessels  under  attachment  in
litigated cases, on amount of liability  2%
24. For  landing and re-shipping goods from vessels in
distress, on invoice amount, or in its absence,
market value     5 "
25. For  receiving   and   forwarding   goods   on   invoice
amount     2%       '*
26. For advancing on freight to be earned  5
27. For effecting   marine    insurance,    on    the    amount
insured     %        "
28. The foregoing commissions to be exclusive of broker
age, and every charge actually incurred.
29. Vessels to pay clerk hire and the labemr on wharf,
sorting and delivering cargo.
30. The   receipt   of   bills   of   lading   to   be   considered
equivalent to receipt of goods.
31. Guarantee or security for contracts or liabilities.. . 5
32. Acting as Trustee on assignments    5
33. On investments made on mortgage or otherwise....   1
N.B.—Auctioneer's commission and brokerage to
be charged when incurred.
34. Land agents for commission on sale or purchase of
real estate up to $10,000   5
35. Land agents for commission on sale or purchase of
real estate exceeding $10,000    2%
36. Interest on advances for duty, freight and lighter
age, and on accounts current, per annum, 1 per
cent, over current bank overdraft rates.
Storage per Month.
On   measurement  goods,   50   cents  per  ton   of  forty  cubic   feet
(40 c. ft.)  On heavy goods, 50 cents per ton of 2,240 pounds.    Or in
either case the amount actually paid, if more.   The consignee to have ie option of charging by i
tonth to be charged as a m
- the delivery of merchandise, payment of freight
etc.: When no express stipulation exists per bill of lading, goods are
to be considered as deliverable on shore.
(b.) Freight on all goods to be paid, or secured to the satisfaction of the captain or consignee of the vessel, prior to the delivery of
the goods.
(c.) After delivery to the purchaser of the goods sold, no claim
for damage, deficiency or other cause shall be admissible after goods
sold and delivered have once left the city.
(d.) When foreign bills of lading expressly stipulate that the
freights shall be paid in specific coin, then the same must be procured if required, or its equivalent given, the rate to be determined'
by the current value at the time at the banks.
i foregc
of Cor
lations were approved at the Quarterly General Meeting of
Columbia Board of Trade, held October 21st, 1898. appendices                                              101
Ordinary Port Charges, Victoria, B. C.
Hospital dues, per net ton, payable three times annually.... $    .01i_
Harbor dues, payable twice annually     5.00
Bill of Health       1.00
Pilotage (as per schedule below).
DockaT'cirge   (no  cargo  landed).   $4 'for  the first 200  tens
and J^e. for each additional ton.
Salmon or general cargo, per ton  $   .45
Ballast (furnishing and supplying same as required, 2240 lbs.)
per ton     1.20
Lumber and timber, per M feet   $1.10 to    1.25
General cargo (weight and measurement), per ton $ 0.45
Coal, per ton 40
The Ports of the Pilotage District of Victoria and Esquimalt shall
be as follows:
(1)    Port of Victoria.
(2)    Port of Esquimalt.
(3)    William Head Quarantine Station.
(4)    The limits of said Ports shall be inside a line drawn from
Clover Point to Brotchy Ledge   (upon which a stone beacon
electric light is placed), bearing about W. by S. y2 S.—and a
line  drawn from  Brotchy Ledge  to  Fisguard  Light House
(outside Scroggs' Rocks and Brother's Island), bearing ap
proximately W. by N.
(5)    The limits for speaking vessels bound into either Harbour
shall be at or outside a line drawn from William's Head to
Trial Island, bearing N. E. and S. W.     (All bearings are VICTOEIA,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA,   BOARD  OF TRADE
(6) Any vessel, arriving at any Port within this Pilotage District, and not having been spoken in compliance with the
Pilotage Act, it shall be optional with the Master of such
vessel as to the taking of a pilot outward.
(7) Vessels calling at William's Head Quarantine Station, and
immediately proceeding to the Port of Victoria, or Esquimalt,
shall be subject to the charges prescribed under Clause (o)
(a) Vessels bound to other Ports and coming te an anchor in
Royal Roads, the pilotage shall be free, except the services of a Pilot
are employed, when pilotage according to the following graduated scale
shall be payable:
From Inside or North of Race Rocks to Royal Bay or vice versa,
50 per cent, of the prescribed rates under Clause (6), Sec. IS.
From Beechy Head to Royal Roads or vice versa, $1.00 per foot.
From Pillar Point to Royal Roads or vice versa, $3.00 per foot.
From Cape Flattery to Royal Roads or vice versa, $6.00 per foot.
(6) For vessels entering into or clearing from the Ports of
Victoria and Esquimalt, the rates of Pilotage shall be as follows:
(1) For Regular ocean steamers, 50 cents per foot draught of
water and j^-cent per net registered ton up to a maximum
of 3,500 tons on the inward voyage subject to a discount of
20 per cent., and 50 per cent, of the above rates on the outward voyage.
(2) For Irregular ocean steamers, $1.00 per foot draught of water
and   %-cent per net registered  ton.
(3) For Regular steamers in the coasting trade between San
Francisco and Lynn Canal inclusive, the rate shall be the
same as for Regular ocean steamers, as rated in Clause 1.
(4) For vessels under sail, $2.00 per foot draught of water and
1 cent per net registered ton.
(5) For sailing vessels in tow, $1.50 per foot draught of water
and 1 cent per net registered ton.
(6) For all vessels entering into or clearing from William's
Head Quarantine Station, the rates shall be 50 per cent, of
the prescribed rates of any class of vessel for Victoria and
Esquimalt, subject to exemptions in Sec. 17, Clause 7; provided, however, that all coasters between San Francisco and APPENDICES 103
Lynn Canal inclusive when compelled by special instructions
from the Dominion Government to call at William's Head
Quarantine Station, shall be exempt from Pilotage dues,
unless the service of a pilot are requested.
(7)    For  all vessels of 500 tons and under,  75  cents per  foot
draught of water.
Note.—The dues before mentioned are subject to a discount of 20%.
(c) Gulf Pilotage.—For all vessels, from the limits of the Ports
of Victoria and Esquimalt to the limits of all ports on Pouget Sound
and Gulf of Georgia and vice versa, the rate of Pilotage shall be $1.00
per foot draught of water.
{d) Vessels proceeding from Victoria to Esquimalt, and vice
versa, and having discharged or received a portion of their cargo in
either, harbor, and having paid full pilotage into either harbor, if
proceeding with the assistance of steam, shall pay $1.50 per foot.
(e) Any fraction of a foot not exceeding six inches shall be paid
for as half a foot, and any fraction of a foot exceeding six inches shall
be paid for as a foot.
(/) Pilots shall, when called upon to do so, remove vessels from
one part of either harbor to another part of the same harbor for the
specific charge of $10.00 for each and every removal.
(g) The Pilotage Authority shall have power under this By-law
to make such arrangements from time to time concerning the pilotage
of vessels making regular trips between Victoria and Puget Sound, as to
them may appear necessary or expedient in the interests of Trade and
(h) Compulsory payment of Pilotage dues is not chargeable
against vessels while in Royal Roads, unless such vessels shall enter
either or both the harbors of Victoria and Esquimalt.
(i) When a vessel is bound to or from any other port in the
Province, either laden or in ballast, and does not discharge or receive
any cargo, passengers or mails, but simply enters it as a harbor of
refuge, such vessel shall be exempt from Pilotage into and out of
Esquimalt, excepting in cases where a Pilot is actually engaged by
the Master for such a
{)) Steamers making regular trips to Victoria and Esquimalt
and having paid the prescribed rates under Clause (6) on the inward
voyage and returning again to either of said harbors within a period
of 20 days, shall only pay one-half the inward rates. Esquimalt Graving Dock
l:    Length of dock to gate, 450 feet, level with keel blocks;
with gate on outer kerb.
2. Width of gates, 65 feet.
3. Depth of water varying from 27 feet to 29 feet 6 inches
springs, according to season of year.
The use of the dock will be subject to the following tariff, t
For the
Esquimalt Marine Railway
Cradle,   length       300 feet
Beam        60    "
r scale of charges apply to the Manager, W. F. Bullen, Victoria, B.C
Victoria Machinery Depot
Marine Railway.
Cradle,   length      280 feet
Beam        69. ft. 2 in.
British Columbia Marine Railway Co.
Cradle,   length      ISO feet


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