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Fourth annual report of the British Columbia Board of Trade : 7th July, 1882, to 6th July, 1883 Victoria (B.C.). Board of Trade 1883

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Annual Report
Board of Trade
7th JULY, 1882, TO 6TH JULY, 1883.
Office: Corner Langley and Yates Streets,
victoria, b.c.
Incorporated October 28th, 1878,
- President
- Secretary
J. H. TODD, Esq.
A. A. GREEN, Esq.
J. H. TODD, Esq.
A. A. GREEN, Esq.
J. H. TURNER, Esq.
E. G. PRIOR, Esq.
M. W. T. DRAKE, Esq.
Adair, John,
Salmon Canner,
New Westminster
Alexander, R. H.
Manager Saw Mill.
Baker, Edgar Crow,
Conveyancer and Notary,
Bales, James Chestney,
Public Accountant,
Bate, Mark,
Manager Vancouver Coal Co.
Burns, Bobert,
Manager Bank B. N. A.
Charles, William.
Inspecting Chief Factor H. B. Co.
Clarke, Wm. Raymond.
Harbor Master, Port Warden,
Coughlan. John,
Brickmaker and Contractor,
Drake, Montague W. T.
Dunsmuir, Robert,
Proprietor Wellington Colliery,
Departure Bay.
Davies, Joshua,
Auctioneer and Com. Merchant,
Douglas, James,
Earle, Thomas,
English, M. M.
Salmon Canner,
New Westminster
Fellows, Alfred,
Fell, James,
Finlayson, Roderick,
Lloyd's Agent,
Foster, F. ~fa.
Green, Alex. Alfred,
Gray, Alex. Blair,
Goodacre, Lawrence,
Heisterman, Henry F.
Fire Insurance and Land Agent,
Higgins, David W.
Editor " Daily Colonist,"
Hey wood, Joseph,
Bacon Factor,
Victoria.    .
Hibben, T. N.
Harris, D. R.
Civil Engineer.
Irving, John,
Steamboat Owner,
New Westminster.
Johnston, Matthew T.
Jackson, Robert E.
Victoria. M EM BERS—Continued.
Jeffree, W. J.
Jones, Hugh Lloyd,
Langley, Alfred J.
Loewenberg, Leopold,
Leneveu, David,
Laidlaw, Jas. A.
Marvin, Edgar.
Marvin, Edward B.
Mayereau, J. B.
Mason, Henry S.
Monteith, William,
Mara, J. A.
McQuade, Peter,
McQuade, E. A.
McAlister, John,
Neufelder, Edward C.
Nelson, Hugh,
Ofner. A.
Onderdonk, Andrew,
Pitts, Sidney J.
Pooley, Chas. Edward,
Pollard, William,
Prior, Edward G.
Bithet, Robert P.
Redfern, Chas. E,
Reid, James, M.P.
Spratt, Joseph,
Strouss, Carl,
Saunders, Henry,
Sayward, William P.
Shotbolt, Thomas,
Smith, Andrew J.
Short, Henry,
Shears, Walter,
Chemist and Druggist,
Chemist and Druggist,
Real Estate Agent,
Corn Factor,
Salmon Canner,
Ship Chandler.
Ship Chandler,
Ship Chandler,
Master Shipwright,
' Senator,
Railway Contractor,
Watchmaker, &c.
Iron Founder,
Lumber Merchant,
Chemist and Druggist,
Contractor and Builder,
New Westminster,
Viotoria. .
Burrard Inlet.
Victoria.    >
Victoria. M EM B ERS—Continued.
Sears, JoBeph,
Painter, &c.
Springer, Benj.
Manager Saw MiU,
Tye, Thomas H.
Todd, Jacob H.
Turner, John H.
VanVolkenburgh, Benj.
VoweU, A. W.
Gold Commissioner,
Williams, Robert T.
Ward, William C.
Ward, Robert,
Wilson, William,
Weiler, John,
Furniture Dealer,
Warren, Jas. D,
Steamboat Owner,
Young, Henry,
Morison, George,
Stelly, George,
Grant, John,
Barnard, F. S.
Spring, William,
Nicholles, John,
Transfer Co. & B. C. Express Co.
Insurance Agent,
Barclay Sound.
Wright, G. B.
Miller, Munroe,
Victoria. Other Boards of Trade, Etc,
Hon. James Skead, Pres.
Win. J. Patterson, Esq., Sec.
Joseph Shelyn, Esq., Pres.     | F. H. Andrews, Esq., Sec.
Andrew Robertson, Esq., Pres. \ Wm. J. Patterson. Esq., Se
David Macleay, Esq,, Pres.     | F. K. Arnold, Esq., Sec.
Wm. F. Babcock, Esq., Pres. | Morris Marcus, Esq., Sec.
John Q. Bowlby, Esq., Pres.   I John Gatsby, Esq., Sec.
W. J. Stairs, Esq., Pres. | 0. M. Creed, Esq., Sec.
W. H. Ladner, Esq., Pres. •    | Adolphus Peele, Esq., Sec. FOURTH  ANNUAL  REPORT
British Columbia Board of Trade,
7th JULY, 1882, TO 6th JULY, 1883.
Victoria, B. C, 6th July, 1888.
<To || Members of tlie B. G. Board' of Trade:
Gentlemen,- -In keeping with custom, your committee
appointed by Council to draft a report of the transactions of
the Board for the year ending this day, beg to submit for the
consideration of the members in annual meeting assembled
the following information, facts and figures, concerning the
Board, and bearing upon trade and commerce in British
Columbia, viz:
This day last year
bers, but at the annual
undermentioned gentle
the list, making a total
M. M. English, Canner,
A Onderdonk, Contractor,
F. W. Foster, Merchant,
James Reid, Merchant,
J. A. Mara, Merchant,
Henry Young, Draper,
B. VanVolkenburgh, Stockraiser,
Joseph Sears, Painter,
John Coughlan, Brickmaksr,
Lawrence Goodacre, Stockraiser,
the Board only consisted of 67 mem-
general meeting the following day the
men were duly elected and added to
of 77:
New Westminster.
, Victoria.
Victoria. 10
And at the quarterly meeting on 6th October, 1882, the following gentlemen were also duly elected and added to the
list, making 82 *-
A. W. Vowell,
Benj. Springer,
R„ H. Alexander,
Albert Ofner,
K. T. Williams,
Gold Commissioner, Cassiar.
Manager Mill, ' Moodyville.
Manager Mill, Hastings.
Grocer, Victoria.
Bookbinder, Victoria.
Again at the quarterly meeting on the 5th January, 1883, the*
followinsr gentlemen were also duly elected and added to the
CD     O ***'.
list, making 85;
George Stelly, Contractor, Victoria.
George Morison, Druggist, Victoria.
John Grant, ' Merchant, Cassiar.
On the 3d March, 1883, Mr. Henry Mansell, and on the 18th
June, 1883, Mr. David Green tendered their resignations and
retired from membership of the Board, under clause 10 of
the "Acts of Incorporation," so that the actual membership
at this date is 83, showing the very satisfactory increase
of 16 as compared with last year, with a possibility, bordering upon a probability, of still further augmentation this
During the past year there have been five general meetings of members and eight meetings of the Council. The
former were held on the 7th July, 1882; 6th October, 1882 ;
5th January, 1883 ; 26th February, 1883 (special); and 6th
April, 1883; in keeping with the "Acts of Incorporation"
and the " Bevised By-laws." The latterwere held on the 10th
August, 1882; 22d September, 1882 (informal); 23d September, 1882 ; 16th January, 1883; 21st February, 1883 ; 23d
February, 1883 ; 13th March, 1883; 3d July," 1883; under
clause 14 of the "Acts of Incorporation," and making the
average assemblage of not less than once a month same as
last year, from which fact it is inferential that the existence
ofthe Board is as lively as heretofore, that the interest evinced 11
by its membershas in no way been lessened, and that its usefulness is steadily advancing.
It is again the pleasing duty of your committee to notice
the fact that the year has passed away without taking with
it any of the members from our roll.
Two only, viz: Messrs. Henry Mansell and David Green, •
for reasons assigned in their letters of 3d March, 1883, and
18th June, 1883.    Total 2, as against 18 added.
None have occurred during the past year, either on the
Arbitration Board, or among the members of the Council.
This is also a matter of congratulation and it is also a pleasing fact to note that the attendance at the meetings of the
latter is generally eighty per cent, of its entire strength, a
sufficient indication in itself to show that matters affecting
trade and commerce in our Province are zealously guarded
by those to whom they are committed.
We are indebted to various institutions and persons fo*-*
the receipt of the following books and printed pamphlets, <fcc,
during the past year :
1. Maps of British Columbia, R. T. Williams.,
2. The Journal of Commerce, Montreal.
3. Canadian Hlustrated News, Montreal.
4. The Commercial World, London, G. B.
5. American Forestry Congress, Montreal.
6. The Mining Index, Winnipeg.
7. Relations" of the Colonies to the Empire, Sir A. T. Gait.
8. Report, 1882, Inspector of Fisheries B. C, A. C. Anderson.
9. Report, 1882, Portland Board of Trade, Portland, Oregon.
10. Fishery Statements, 1881, Ottawa. 12
11. Report on Fish Breeding, 1881, A. B. Wilmot.
12. Agricultural Returns, 1882, Ontario.
13. Circulars, &o'., re Cork Exhibition, Ireland.
14 Map of the District of Assiniboia, Ottawa.
15. Map of the District of Alberta, Ottawa.
16. Map of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Ottawa,
17. An Act for the Discharge of Past Insolvents, Ottawa.
18. An Act for the equitable distribution of insolvent estates, Ottawa.
19. An Act to provide for distribution of assets of insolvent estates,
20. An Act respecting insolvent banks, &c., Ottawa.
21. An Act respecting the Civil Service, Ottawa.
22. Report Department of Agriculture, 1882, Ottawa.
23. Report Census of Canada, vols. 1 and 2, Ottawa.
24. Report Pubhc Accounts, 1882, Ottawa.
25. Report Auditor General, 1882.-
26. Report Department of Mines, LS82, Nova Scotia.
27. Report Postmaster General, 1882, Ottawa.
28. Report Minister of Justice, 1882, Ottawa.
29. Report Department of Indian Affairs, Ottawa.
30. Report Department of Inland Revenue, Ottawa.
81. Report Department of Marine and Fisheries, Ottawa.
32. Report Trade and Navigation, Ottawa.
33. Report Inter-provincial Trade, Ottawa.
34. Report Department of the Interior, Ottawa.
35. Report Secretary of State, Ottawa.
36. Report Adulteration of Food, Ottawa.
37. Report Weights and Measures, Ottawa.
38. Report Estimates of Canada, Ottawa.
39. Report Department of Militia and Defence, Ottawa.
40. Budget Speech of Sir Leonard Tilley, Ottawa.
41. Annual Statement Canadian Pacific Railway, Ottawa.
'42. Canadian Patent Office Record, Ottawa.
43. Annual Reports Hawaiian Islands, C. E. Anderson.
The only reports received since last year have been
those from Portland " Board of Trade " and San Francisco
1 Chamber of Commerce." Quebec, Montreal, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, have either not printed their proceedings for 1882, or have overlooked us in the distribution of
them, as we have regularly mailed ours to them.
k 13 *
Nothing further has been done or attempted in regard to
affiliation with this institution, the matter having been delayed " until our financial as well as numerical strength should
increase,"—these having been happily accomplished during
the past twelve months, it would appear to us advisable that
the matter should again engage the attention of the Board as
to the expediency of so doing.
This important matter has been discussed year by year,
petitions have been forwarded to Ottawa, clauses have been
embodied in addresses to distinguished visitors, and the matter urged upon the Dominion Government time and again by
our representatives, and still we have been unsuccessful. It
is pleasing to state, however, that we have a mail three times
a week instead of twice as stipulated in the mail contract, and
for which we are indebted to the enterprise of the O. R. & N.
Co., as also, since the 1st May, 1883, for a daily steamer from
Puget Sound to Victoria'. We are credibly informed that the
matter is receiving the attention of the Postmaster-General,
and that very shortly an understanding will be arrived at between the governments at Ottawa and Washington as to the
amount to be paid jointly for the service so long desired and
so much needed, and which will be the means of inducing the
contractors to place Victoria on the same footing as new Tacoma or Seattle will be (within three months) when those
places are connected with the Eastern States by railway.
We are pleased to be in a position to state that our agitation in this regard is likely to bring forth fruit in the near
future, as we notice in the Dominion estimates the sum of
$7,500, as'a first instalment towards the purchasing of a site
and the commencement of a Quarantine Hospital (in all probability on Albert Head);   this, we  are led to believe, will 14
shortly be proceeded with. A further sum of $1,700 also
appears in the estimates to provide for the salary of a quarantine officer and contingencies, and we are further informed
that a medical officer will be appointed forthwith.
The appeals of the Board in this connection to the Provincial, and Federal Governments have also been productive
of some good. An Emigration Guide of 132 pages, with
map, has been issued by the Provincial Government, and Immigration Agents have been appointed at Victoria and New
Westminster to receive and place immigrants on their arrival
and give them every information in their power as to desirable spots for homesteads and where to obtain work. An offer
was also made by the Provincial to the Dominion Government
expressive of intention of the former to place $50,000 on the
estimates for immigration purposes, provided the latter would
contribute a like amount. This., however, was not attended
with the tangible response desirable as the policy of the Dominion Government, as intimated, is not to direct immigration
from Europe and elsewhere to any particular Province, but
rather to the Dominion as a whole, landing them (with assisted passages) at the nearest Atlantic ports, viz : Halifax and
Quebec. Notwithstanding the broad principle just referred
to, an Order in Council has been passed at Ottawa making
exception in favor of the Pacific Province and granting " the
sum of $10 (as a bonus) to each adult immigrant of sixteen
years of age and over, either male or female, from the Continent of Europe or from the United Kingdom, upon settlement
in British Columbia ; and further, that in view of the particular and exceptionally difficult circumstances of that Province
in relation to immigration, a system of selection and. checks
should be put into effect through the European Agency of the
Department of Agriculture to secure the proper carrying out
of the intention in regard to said bonus." The sum ot $1,500
appears on the estimates of the Ottawa Government to pay 15
the salary and contingencies of an Immigration Agent at
Victoria, and some thousands of pamphlets will shortly be -
issued by that Department and distributed in"the chief centres of emigration in the United Kingdom and Europe, translated into the languages of the said countries, and showing
the resources and advantages of the Province as a field for
immigration and the investment of capital, and generally
adapting a particular and energetic policy to promote immigration into our Province.
This matter has again engaged. the attention of the
Council, and petitions have been drafted and forwarded to
H. E. The Governor-General in Council, the members of the
Senate, and members of the House of Commons (see petitions
and replies on file), " urging the enactment of a law for the
equitable distribution of the estates of insolvent debtors,
thereby removing the existing injustice and cause of loss
grievously experienced by the commercial community." These
views are also expressed in, and tenor of petition assimilated
to, that of the Montreal Board of Trade in their communica -
tions of the 26th January, 30th January and 14th February,
1883 (see file). Bills were also introduced upon this subject,
into the Dominion House by Messrs. Be«ty and Curran, M. P 's
for Toronto and Montreal respectively, at the recent session of
Parliament, and we have every reason to believe that at the
next session an Act will be passed.
As reported lastyear, the depth of water at L. W. ordinary
springs, over Beaver Bock, is 12 ft. 6 in. Nothing farther has
been done to increase the depth in that locality to 14 feet, as
contemplated in the original contract. A preliminary step
has, however, been taken by the Dominion Got ernment towards
the removal of Dredger Bock by placing upon the estimates 16
the sum of $1500 for the purpose of obtaining the necessary
survey^information with a view to letting a contract for its
ultimate removal.
As will be remembered, the British Columbia'Board of
Trade was enrolled as a branch of the above-named " Trade
Tariffs Union,' and Mr. H. C. Beeton was instructed to represent this Board in the conference of the Said institution
(vide minutes 14th Oct., and 2d Dec, 1881, fois. 66 and 67).
It was also stipulated that this Board should subscribe $10
to the funds of the "Union," and pay £1 or $5 annually.
Upon reference to Mr. Bee ton's letter we find that he is 'not
at all sanguine as to anything practical resulting from the
conference in question for reasons therein stated; and more
recently we are in receipt of a circular letter dated 1st May,
1883, marked " confidential and urgent," from A. C. Shelley,
Esq., Hon. Sec, in which he unmistakably indicates that the
institution must fall through unless supported in reality by
the various Chambers of Commerce abroad, and encloses extract from "European Mail, of Feb., 1883," all of which your
committee desire to be considered by the members in general
meeting assembled, with a view to arriving at a decision as to
whether we shall continue to be one ofthe eighty-six commercial
institutions composing that body and pay $5 a year subscription, or retire therefrom.
In the latter part of last year a By-law was passed by
the Municipal Council, making provision for the storage of
petroleum and naphtha in quantities larger than allowed in
" Ottawa Circular of 6th October, 1881," under certain restrictions within the city limits and under proper license, so
that interference on the part of the Inland Revenue Department is nullified. 17
Adverting to our remarks of last year under this heading, we would state that a further resolution was passed by
the Council on the 23d January last and transmitted to Ottawa in reference to the issuing of salmon fishery licenses by
a Board composed of three, viz: Inspector of Fisheries, Indian Commissioner, and a person to be named by the Board-
of Trade, and in reply we are informed " that while the Department is very much obliged for the suggestion, it will be
unnecessary at present to associate any others with the Inspector, who in this case really is the agent of the Government so far as the issuing of net or boat licenses is concerned." (Letter dated 23d May, 1883.) Two leases for the
propagation of oysters have been issued by the Dominion
Government to certain persons on Mud Bay and Victoria
Arm, and a third will very shortly issue with the same object
at or near Sooke Inlet, upon the usual'terms of such leases
by the Government. The following notice has been issued
from Ottawa in view of the fact that British Columbia was
' not included in Reciprocity Treaty:
Pubhc attention is called to certain provisions of the Statutes of
Canada, intituled respectively "An Act Respecting Fishing by Foreign
Vessels," 31 Vic, Cap. 61, and "Au Act to Extend to British Columbia
the Act Relating to Fishing by Foreign Vessels," 45 Vic, Cap. 27, for-
bidding any foreign ship, vessel or boat, not navigated according to the
laws of the United Kingdom, or of Canada, to fish for, take, dry or cure,
any fish of any kind, within three marine miles of the coasts, bays, creeks,
or harbors of Canada, not affected by the Convention of 1818, and the
Treaty of Washington, between Great Britain and the United States.
Ships, vessels and boats, together with all goods, tackle, rigging,
apparel, furniture, stores and cargo hable to forfeiture under said Acts,
may be seized by any of the Officers he.einafter named:—
Fishery Officers, Customs Officers, Sheriffs, Magistrates, and Commissioned Officers of Her Majesty's Navy.
By order of the Acting Minister,
W. F. Whttcheb,
Commissioner of Fisheries.
Department of Marine and Fisheries,
Ottawa, 1st June, 1883. 18
N. B.—For further information regarding Fisheries, see
Report of A. C. Anderson, Esq., Inspector of Fisheries, 31st
December, 1882.
In February, last the Board had under consideration the
projected scheme of John C. Ainsworth & Co., as explained
by Capt. Blasdell, personally, at a meeting convened for that
purpose, and from which it appeared that said scheme
would embrace | the opening up and working of certain mineral claims on Kootenay Lake in this Province in connection
therewith; and in order to draw supplies from the markets
of this Province and transport the product of said mineral
claims to the seaboard by connecting with the Canadian Pacific railway at or near Eagle Pass; the immediate construction of a wagon road from Shuswap Lake, by way of said
Pass to Columbia River; building and maintaining a line of
steamers on that river to connect said wagon road with* a
railroad to be constructed to Kootenay Lake, and there con- •
necting with another line of steamers to the locality of said
mineral claims." The Board expressed as its opinion:
1. That it would be the means of developing a section of
this Province which at present is of little or no value. 2.
That in order to secure the trade of that section of the Province to British Columbia it is very desirable to take advantage of the opportunity of connecting it with the present
settled and producing portions of the country, and thus initiate a connection with the valuable mines about to be opened
out. 3. That the opening of these mines will attract a large
mining population to this Province, which would materially
add to the revenue, furnish a market for the productions of
the interior, and by affording prompt facilities of communication, be the means of securing an important branch of trade
to British Columbia, which might otherwise find an outlet
through the United States. The foregoing opinions were
embodied in a petition to the Honorable the Speaker and 19
members of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia
and the result is the passage of an Act (12th May; 1883,) incorporating the I Columbia and Kootenay Railway and
Transportation Company."
And also an Act of same date making it lawful for the
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, with the approval
of the Lieut.-Govemor in Council to enter into a contract
with any person or* corporation for the construction of a
wagon road, 12 feet wide through Eagle Pass, from the Shuswap Lake to the Columbia River, and for the said Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works to grant and issue to the
contractor, in lieu of a money compensation for such construction, warrants for land in the Yale or Kootenay Districts not exceeding 60,000 acres in the aggregate. Capital
stock, $5,000,000; shares, 50,000 of $100 each. (For more
complete information regarding what is generally known as
the " Kootenay Scheme," see Act 46 Vic, chaps. 25 and 35,
being the " Statutes of British Columbia, 1883.")
Acts have also been passed by the local or Provincial
House for the incorporation of the " Fraser River Railway
Company," for the purpose of constructing and working a
railway from the 49th parallel, north latitude, at a point
between Semiahmoo Bay and the eastern line of township 22,
New Westminster District, to connect with the Canadian
Pacific Railway at some point between the eastern line of township 27, New Westminster District, and the western terminus of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, and from that point, or some
point west of that point on the said C. P. R., to the City of New
Westminster. Capital stock, $500,000; 5000 shares of $100
each.    (See Act 46 Vic, chap. 26.) 20
Also for the incorporation of the " New Westminster
Southern Railway Company," to construct a railway with
double or single tracks of four feet eight and one-half inches-
gauge, from some point near the 49th parallel of north latitude, between Semiahmoo Bay and Township 16, in the District of New Westminster, to the City of New Westminster,
and to some point on Burrard Inlet, and to construct all necessary bridges over rivers crossing the said line between the
above points, but so as not to impede navigation. Capital
stock, $600,000; 6000 shares of $100 each. (See Act 46
Vic, chap. 27,)
Also on Act to empower Dunsmuir & Diggle to construct
a line of railway to connect the South Wellington wharf at
Departure Bay and the South Wellington and Wellington
Railways, now owned by them and used for the transportation of coal from the South Wellington and Wellington Collieries, and to enable them to carry freight and passengers
over said lines and levy tolls therefor. Unless railway is
completed by 31st December, 1885, the powers granted shall
cease except in regard to so much of the work as shall have
been completed. "Wellington Collieries Railway Act, 1883."
(See Act 46 Vic, chap. 28.)
These- matters have been pressed again and again by this
Board upon the Dominion Government, in the addresses to
their Excellencies Lords Dufferin and Lome, and also to
Sir Charles Tupper diiring his visit to the Province, and by
our delegates at Ottawa from time to "time. Recently, however, the whole matter was taken in hand by the Dominion
and Provincial Governments with a view to a settlement of
all existing differences, and an Act passed on the 12th May,
1883, by the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia,
intended to cover the ground agreed upon by the two Governments.   Certain clauses in said Act were objected to by 21
the Dominion Government and which prevented the introduction and passage of a concurrent Act through the House of
Commons, and the unhappy re'sult is further delay. The members will be better able to form their own ideas as to 'probable consummation in the near future by reading the " terms
of settlement" and speech of Sir John A. Macdonald in the
House of Commons the daj that House prorogued (25th May,
1883) and which will probably be printed and form one of
the appendices to this Report.
During the past year the dredger was employed principally in the vicinity of Shoal Point, and continued at work
deepening the channel as long as the funds for chat purpose
held out. We are pleased to state, however, that the sum of
$15,000 appears on the estimates for this year, and which we
have reason to believe will be sufficient, or nearly so, to keep
the dredger going continuously. Other information on this
subject will be found in the shape of an extract from the •
I Department of Public Works Report," and form one of the
appendices hereto.
It is also gratifying to notice that the following sums
appear on the Dominion estimates, viz: $2,000 for general
repairs and improvements to harbors and rivers in British
Columbia; $10,000 for the improvement of Cottonwood Canyon on the upper Fraser River ; $2,000 for the improvement
of Skeena River; $3,000 for Victoria Harbor examination;
$15,000 for a snag-boat for British Columbia, to be used in
removing snags from all rivers and generally in the marine
service for taking up and laying down buoys. Other appropriations also appear for the improvement of Courtenay and
Comox Rivers, and the sum of $2,500 for a lighthouse at Ac- 22
tive Pass, but whether it will be erected on the S. E. point,
on Gossip Island, or some other point, the Marine Department will determine.
The sum of $18,500 has also been voted by the Dominion for a new submarine cable route between Vancouver
Island and Washington Territory via Victoria and Point
Angelos, or land route from Victoria to Cape Beale via San
Juan Harbor with cable thence to Neah Harbor (Cape Flattery) in W. T. This is one ofthe many*matters urged by
the Board, and its speedy prosecutiou will be gladly hailed
by the commercial element not only in Victoria but in British
Columbia generally.
Though much improved in many respects, are still capable of further advancement, especially in regard to the mail
to Cassiar and the increased weight permissible by parcel post
' to our Province from the East, viz: 5 lbs., instead of 2 lbs. 3 oz.,
as heretofore. We are credibly informed that both these matters are receiving the attention of the Postmaster-General,
and that ere many weeks a tangible response will be made
in regard to the former and a favorable concession accorded
in the latter provided the matter can be arranged with the
postal authorities of the United States so as to include Manitoba and British Columbia. Since last reporting on this
subject a new post office has been erected at New Westminster and also one at Nanaimo. The office staff of the Victoria post office has been increased (and will be still further);
the hours have been extended to 7 a.m. to 7 p.m., instead of
9 to 6 as formerly; the mail to Esquimalt despatched at 8
instead of 9 a.m.; the mail to Metchosin from Victoria made
an "open service" again; Victoria to New Westminster and
Yale four times a week (15th April to 15th Oct.), instead of
twice; Victoria to  Puget Sound thrice instead of twice a 23
week; and Victoria to San Francisco once a week instead oi
three times a month; twice a week to Nanaimo from Victoria ; onee a fortnight to Comox and Baynes Sound; once a
week Nanaimo to New Westminster; and twice a week (in
summer) to the Skeena River. The day is not very far distant when we shall have daily communication between Island
and Mainland, as also between the former and Puget Sound,
and possibly still more frequent connection with San Francisco.
As announced under this heading last year the " Great
International Fisheries Exhibition" was opened in London,
G. B„ on the 12th May, 1883, and as far as we are informed
is still open. A tolerably good exhibit was sent from British
Columbia under the supervision of A. C. Anderson, Esq., the
Inspector of Fisheries for this Province, and it is a matter of
no small regret that the Dominion Government did not see
'the expediency or sufficiently estimate the necessity of sending representatives from each Province to attend said Fisheries Exhibition. . Provincial aid, $300. A report will be
forthcoming either from the Committee or from the Inspector
of Fisheries, or both combined, giving detailed information
on this subject, and will appear with other appendices in the
printed Report.
Although forming part of the past year's proceedings,
was fully dwelt upon in those of last year (1881-1882) and
the entire address printed as Appendix No. 17 to the 3rd
Annual Report of the Board. Said address was transmitted
by His Excellency to the Privy Council of Canada, but with
what tangible benefit to British Columbia the bosom of the
future has yet to reveal. Committee—R. P. Rithet, Esq., E.
C. Baker, Esq., M. W. T. Drake, Esq., W. C. Ward, Esq..
Wm. Wilson, Esq. 24
This subject was brought to the notice' of the Board by
a letter with maps and documents, dated 29th June, 1882,
from certain persons in: Whatcom County, W. T., who are
desirous of establishing and maintaining an " Island and
Mainland Ferry Route" between Fidalgo Island and Vancouver, in addition to the usual route via Port Townsend.
The Council considered the matter " and was of opinion that
httle benefit, if any, could accrue to Vancouver Island from
the proposed route, and'equally failedto see in what way this
Board could further the undertakiug until such time as the
United States Government established another port of customs entry and clearance at Anacortes or San Juan Island."
Since that date a port of customs entry has been established at
Friday Harbor (San Juan) and the steamers "Hope" and
1 Evangel" have made many trips between Anacortes, the
various islands and Victoria, but with what success, financially,
we cannot say.
Only two have come before the Board, viz: 16th Aug.,
Messrs. A. Casamayou & Co. vs. Owners of steamer " Sardonyx," claim for compensation for casks of brandy damaged
on voyage. The owners declined to submit the case to the
Board and Messrs. Casamayou & Co. were so informed.
24th January, 1883. Joshua Davies vs\ Hon. Robt. Beaven,
as Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, for services as
appraiser on Graving Dock plant. Amount claimed, $771.60.
Amount awarded, $700. Costs $30, to be borne equally by
them. Arbitrators—Messrs. Johnston, R.Ward, and T. Earle.
All documents deposited with the Board.
The Board purchased and distributed one hundred copies of the above, at a cost of $25, among the members, but 25
considered it premature to pass a resolution expressive of
its merits with a view to urging the Provincial Government
to purchase a large number of them for the purpose of en^
couragingimmigration; a limited number was, however, bought
by the Government irrespective of such a step.
This matter has engaged the attention of the Board
owing to a prohibition having been placed by the» Marine
Department against the stern-wheel steamer " R. P. Rithet "
crossing the Gulf. Documents in regard to this are upon
file, as also copy of resolution passed upon the subject by
Council, and will appear among the appendices in printed
form, if so desired. Our Senators and Members at Ottawa
were each furnished with copies of the documents and resolutions and requested to exert themselves in the direction indicated, and your committee is in a position to announce that
said prohibition was so fair rescinded as to enable the steamer
' in question to run between Victoria and Yale from 15th April
to the 15th October in each year.
A circular letter, dated Cork, January, 1883, has been
received from the Earl of Bandon through the Hon. Secretary, L. A. Beamish, Esq., enclosing prospectuses, application forms, &c, and requesting that publicity may be given
them in order to assist the committee in bringing the project
under the notice of the public. The exhibition is to take
place this year for the exposition of" Manufactures, Arts,
Products and Industries." The committee append a list of
things not wanted in Ireland from America as the shorter way
of conveying a due impression of the requirements. No
charge is made to exhibitors for space except in special cases
where extra facilities entail additional expense on the Executive Committee. 26
All matters in this connection will be ably dealt with by
the Audit Committee in their report, and in more detailed
and comprehensive form in the Account Current of the Secretary for the year.    Last year the showing was as under :
Cash in hand,  $ 44 57
Cash in Savings' Bank,  425 0"
Cash in Bank B. C,  143 95
Cash  Collectible,   -                 33 00
t Total, T       -      -      $646 52
Of this amount $30 was written off as bad debts by the Audit
Committee, and now (30th June, 1883.) the presentation is :
Cash in Savings' Bank (interest to be added),    -       -   $800 25
Cash in hand, 125 20
Cash Collectible,   - 108 00
Total, $1,033 45
All of which is respectfully submitted.
R. P. RITHET, President.
R. FINLAYSON, Vice-President.
The foregoing Annual Report was read and adopted at
the Annual General Meeting of members on Friday, 6th
July, 1883, and on motion was referred to Council for necessary action. The same having been again considered at
Council meeting on Tuesday, the 31st July, was placed in
the hands of the Committee who drafted it with instructions
to get the same printed, by tender, for the general information of members, with power to embody therein such statistics and useful matter in the form of appendices as may
appear to said Committee necessary or expedient in the interr
ests of trade and commerce, and as has been customary
EDGAR CROW BAKER, Secretary. 27
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To the Members for -Victoria City in the Legislative Assembly :
The undersigned business men and electors of Victoria
believe that'the Columbia and Kootenay Railway Bill, as
now amended, is calculated to develop the resources of an
inaccessible region, and to benefit the whole Province by increasing its population and diverting trade in this direction,
which otherwise must go through Washington Territory and
E. P. Eithet f
Edgar Marvin
A. A. Green •*
Simon Leiser
Alex. 0. Anderson
John M. Wark
William Denny
J. Sehl
T. A Carry
P. McQuade & Son'
D. Oppenheimer t
H. P. Heisterman %
Richard Hall, Jr.
E. V. Bodwell
D. M. Eberts
T. J. Burnes
A. A. McArthur
E. B. Marvin
Fred. Spohr
Isaao Walsh
Richard Pinkith
E. Costello
John P. Elford
Maurice Salmon
A. D. Munro
Wm. Pottinger
J. Hawkins
Jno. Daly
M. W. Bechtel .
J. Wenger
John Morley
John Ash
Rowland E. Green
Thomas Earle
Wm. P. Sayward
H. Mansell
Wm. Wilson
Jas. Hamilton
J. B. Matthews
David Spencer
W. Heathorn
Bobert Ward
David Leneveu
Joshua Davies
E. C. Neufelder
P. H. Robson
E. J. Salmon & Co.
S. Lenz
A. Henderson
James R. Anderson
J. F. Wilson
T. Banford
Thomas Shaw
James Lyon
John M. Milne
R. W. Colvin
Oh'as. W. Jones
C. H. Eriedman
P. T. Johnston
George H. Maynard
Matthew Blacquire
Jno. Stevens
John Walsh
J. Heywood
Isaac Oppenheimer f
T. Harper
Alex. Munro
Jos. Wilson
J. Johnston
C. W. Kammerer
A. Other
D. W. Higgins
Matthew T. Johnston
John Irving
J. H. Lawson
H. L. Jones
Ered. E. de VeiuUe
Wm. Wilson (City House)
R. B. McMicking *
J. W. McKay
Chas. Kent
W. H. Wood
James Saulsberry Smith
Wm. Eairham
John Mulligan
R. White
J. J. Hart
Wm. C. Chudley
H. G. J. Irwin
George Jaques
H. Walther
Jno. Drout
William Williams
D. M. Ellis
W. E. Tolmie
Thos. Price
Munroe Miller John Griffiths
Wm. Sinclair
Ld. Lowenberg
E. B. Carmichael
Fred. Norris
R S. Byrn
Benj. Van Volkenbergh
J. B. Mayereau
J. F. Lemberger
Frank S. BarnaEck
W. G. Bowman
Wm. MoKay
J. Crossen
Thos. Gowen
0. W. R. Thompson
W. J. S. Butler
John Patterson
Joseph Rowe
Frank Essenwim
Dick Nelson
Robert Patterson
James Ferguson
R. Seabrook
C. N. Cameron
D. Palmer
H. W. Fawcett
Robt. Ridley
Jno. Phillips
Jas. LasceUes
Robt. Lettice
T. Meyer
C. B. Sweeney
Alfred E. Wendal
R. Sharp
A Insley.
J. Finlaison
T. Allsop
L Streater
M. Young
D. HRoss
B. F. Dillon
C. H. Hiscock
D. Green
Wm. Dalby
Louis Redon
Lewis Lewis
Geo. Simpson
Robt. H. Austin
J. W. Moore
T. G. Mann
John Orr
Frank H Curry
Nicholas Bossi
William Turpel
Wm. Pfidmore
W. D. McKillican
Ross Munro
W. J. Jeffree
J. D. Papst
S. L. Kelly & Co
W. McArthur
August Miller
Matthew Francis
Julius Barran
H. F. Bishop
A. P. Briggs
Wm. A. Elliott
James Kam
Henry Jas. Goatef
Brown & White
Jos. York
Thos. Geiger
Ed. G. Priori
M. W. Waitt
A. Gilmore
T. Braverman, M. B.
T. H Tye
W. J. Bullen
G. R. Pardon
A. Lewis
J. Isaacs & Co
Jas. L. Raymur +*
Alex. B. Gray
Chas. H. Wilson
A. Pickles
Geo. Renworth
David Lawson
Robert Mason
Chas. Pawler
L. Harthagel
D. M. McLean
S. Whitley
A. W. Lawson
Catherine Gant
D. C. Heal
Emil Miller
Jos. Sears
Jos. Thain
F. M. White
Wm. H. Wheeler
D. Stephens
Viotobia, May, 1883.
Victobia, May 10th, 1883.
My Dbae Sib,—The bearer of this letter is Mr. G. B.
Wright, a gentleman who, in different ways, has been for
many years past intimately concerned in the general interests
and advancement of the Province of British Columbia. He
is now associated with other citizens of the United^ States
who, during the present session of the Local Legislature,
have obtained a charter which enables them them to connect
by rail the Kootenay Lake with the Columbia River, within
the Province, and to navigate that river to the point where 30
the Canadian Pacific Railroad will cross it. Their declared
object in undertaking this, is to bring valuable ore which they
propose to obtain on the shore of Kootenay Lake to the
C. P. R. R. for transportation. Connected with this scheme
is another, which enables them to build a wagon road from
Shuswap Lake, in British Columbia, eastwards, through what
is called Eagle Pass, to the Columbia River. This is the line
which the C. P. R. R. will probably take in its course westward to Kamloops; and these gentlemen wish to interest the
Syndicate in then* undertaking of building the road which in
several ways would be useful to the Syndicate. Such is a
brief outline oi the declared intentions ofthe company which
Mr. Wright represents, and I trust you will allow me to ask
for him your countenance and assistance.
I am, yours sincerely,
Clement F. Cobnwall.
Ottawa, 13th June, 1883.
G. B. Wright, Esq.
Dear Sib,—I have carefully examined your map, with
accompanying explanations, of that part of British Columbia
comprising the Kootenay Lake and River, the Columbia
River, Eagle Pass, &c, and showing the line of your company's proposed railroad from Kootenay Lake to the Columbia River. I have for some years been acquainted with the
geography of that country as 1o its general character, and
have more lately learned from various sources of its great
mineral wealth, and I am convinced that the carrying trade
and business of that country can only be secured to Canadian
routes by the fulfillment of such a scheme a*s your company
have undertaken. The trade of that portion of British Columbia must, I believe, become a large and most important
one, and, in my opinion, will drift through United States
channels, unless the waters of the Kootenay Lake and Columbia River are connected by rail, and steamers placed on
the Columbia River, from the terminal point of the Kootenay
and Columbia Railway to the crossing of the Canadian Pacific Railway at Eagle Pass.
I am, dear Sir, yours faithfully,
Hugh Nelson. 31
Ottawa, June llth, 1883.
Sir, — Referring to our conversation on the 9th instant
respecting the " Columbia and Kootenay Railway and Transportation Company Act," recently passed by the Legislative
Assembly of British Columbia, I beg leave to enclose a copy
of that Act. I wish also to present the following facts in
connection with it :
By reference to the map of British Columbia, it will be
seen that a portion of the Kootenay District is comprised in
the land contained within the so-called 1 Big Bend " of the
Columbia River, extending from the 49th parallel of latitude
three degrees northerly. This entire region is mountainous,
consisting of the Selkirk Range, which extends from the
I Boat Encampment," the northernmost point of the Columbia, to the American Boundary Line; and of the Purcell
Range, which lies between the^ Kootenay Lake and the valley
of the Kootenay River, to the eastward. No passes exist
through the Selkirk Range except the Illecillewat Valley,
which is now being explored by Major A. B. Rogers, with a
view of constructing the Canadian Pacific Railway through it,
and the pass by which the Kootenay River empties from the
Kootenay Lake into the waters of the Columbia.
Large deposits of argentiferous galena ore have for forty
years been known to exist on the banks of the Kootenay
Lake, but the region has been so encompassed with mountains and therefore inaccessible, that hitherto no attempt has
been made to develop the mines. They are of a class of low
grade ores, which can only be worked profitably by a considerable outlay of capital and on a large scale. The American duties—viz: Thirty dollars per ton on lead ore and forty
dollars per ton on lead—render it impracticable to work these
ores in American territory. It is, therefore, necessary for
their successful development, that a means of transportation
should be found through Canadian territory to the sea coast,
either for carrying the ore to the Gulf of Georgia, where iron-
rock and limestone can be obtained as a flux for smelting the
galena, or for bringing to the mine the iron-rock and limestone
and erecting smelting works upon the ground. Such a route
of transportation can only be obtained by the construction of
a line of railway down the Kootenay River, from the lake to
the Columbia, and by a line of steamers up the Columbia 32
to the point where the Canadian Pacific Railway shall cross
the river, probably through the Eagle Pass, westward to
Shuswap Lake.
Certain members of the Columbia and Kootenay Railway
Company have become the owners of some of the mines
referred to above, situated on the eastern shore of the Kootenay Lake; and to encourage the building of the railway
above mentioned, and the necessary lines of steamers to render it useful, the Government of British Columbia have
granted to the company, land along the routes mentioned in
the above Act to the amount of seven hundred and fifty
thousand acres, to be taken in alternate sections of six miles
square. Portions of this grant are valuable; others, as is
natural in a mountainous country, are propably of httle value.
The District of Kootenay is now practically without a
population. The whole number of voters in its entire extent
does not exceed thirty people, and its entire white population
probably does not come up to. twice that number. Nature
nas effectually segregated this entire region from the western
portion of British Columbia by the continuous mountain
ranges before referred to. A trail was formerly constructed
across those mountains from the Columbia river eastwardly,
by Hon. Edgar Dewdney, present Lieutenant-Governor of
North-West Territory, but it has fallen into disuse for several
years, and during this time not a pound of supplies or goods
of any kind have been transported from Western British Columbia to the Kootenay District, nor has any travel passed
that way. The few miners and traders who have hved in
that district have drawn all their supplies and given all
their trade to the neighboring territories of Idaho and
Washington. In no way, except by the construction of the
line of railway proposed by this company, can a dollar's worth
of traffic ever be brought through British soil.
Eighteen years ago, several thousand miners penetrated
the country bordering upon the Upper Columbia, known as the
| Big Bend Mines." Rich and extensive placer mines were
found, partially worked, and abandoned, and to-day not a score
of white people are left in that entire region. The difficulty of
access, the high mountain ranges, over which the miners
packed upon their back their blankets and provisions, and
the dangerous rapids upon the rivers, so often destructive to
life and property, fairly drove' everybody away from a rich
mining district.    And to-day the engineering parties of the 33
Canadian Pacific Railway, are purchasing their supplies from
American merchants, in Oregon, shipping them over the
Northern Pacific Railway, and boating them nearly 200 miles
up the Columbia River to their camps #in the Selkirk Range
of Mountains.
The completion of the Eagle Pass Wagon Road, which
our company are now constructing, and our line of steamers
on the Columbia River, arid, our railway down the Kootenay,
will bring all the supplies for that section of the country,
from the rich farming regions of the Okanagan and Kamloops
districts and the abandoned gold mines will %gain be peopled
with miners.
In view of these facts, the British Columbia Government
have passed the Kootenay Railway Act. Certain things are
required of the company to be done immediately.
First—The construction of a wagon-road through the
Eagle Pass from Shuswap Lake to the Columbia River—upon
the line which will undoubtedly be adopted by the Canadian
Pacific Railway. This road is now in process of construction,
and it is intended to complete it during the present season.
Its length will be about forty-five miles, and its cost, probably,
from $90,000 to $100,000. When completed, it is to be turned
.over to the Government, and the contractors are to receive
land warrants for 60,000 acres of land, situated in the Tale or
Kootenay Districts. •
Second—By Section 12 of the Kootenay Act, the company are required at once "to survey the line of railway, and'
the lands proposed to be acquired by them. " A force of
surveyors is now being formed for this purpose. The survey
of the sections to be taken by the company necessarily, practically, surveys the alternate sections belonging to the Government. A large expenditure Will soon be going on for this
Third—It is extremely desirable that smelting works
shall be erected during the present season upon the mines on
the Kootenay Lake. As soon as it is definitely known when
the Canadian Pacific Railway will be finished through the
Eagle Pass, the company propoge almost simultaneously to
finish their railway. Then* lines of steamers will be completed before that time.
The company would therefore respectfully ask from the
Dominion Government, — 34
That they use their influence with the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company to urge the speedy commencement and
completion of the western end of the railway, especially that
portion, through the Ejagle Pass, from Shuswap Lake to the
Columbia River,—
That they do as speedily as possible give an opinion upon
the "Columbia and Kootenay Railway and Transportation
Company Act," as to whether the Province of British Columbia have in any manner exceeded their powers in the passage of said Act.
In conclusion I desire to submit the foil
1st! The Act passed the British Columbia Legislature
a vote of 15 to 8 ; '
2nd. The present Ministry were unanimously in its
favour, and many of the Opposition members. The member
of Parliament from the Kootenay District, and the majority
of the members from the Tale District, the two districts most
affected by the passage of the Act, were its strongest supporters ;
3rd. A requisition was signed in Victoria, to the members of the Legislative Assembly, containing the names of
nine-tenths of the business houses in the city, and a large proportion of the voters of the district, strongly advocating the
passage of the Act.    I enclose a copy of this requisition;
4th. Resolutions endorsing strongly the measure were
passed by the "Board of Trade" in Victoria ;
5th. The Northern Pacific Railway Company seemed
averse to the passage ofthe Act, and a large amount of money
was expended in Victoria by some of their agents to defeat
It is probably evident to them that the construction of
this line of railway will destroy the hold which they
hoped to have upon the trade of the Kootenay District;
6th. I have shown that a large amount of ore or base
metal will be shipped from the Kootenay mines over the Canadian Pacific Railway. I believe this -will eventually exceed
any present existing industry in the interior of British Columbia, and will amount o hundreds of tons daily. It will be
a valuable trade for that railway, as the transportation will
be westwardly, while the bulk of their other freight will be in
a contrary direction; 35
7th. The completion of the Eagle Pass Wagon Road,
and our lines of steamers and railway will almost immediatelv
bring thousands of miners into the Kootenay and Columbia,
River regions. In 1884,1 venture to predict that there will
be 4,000 or 5,000 miners developing the rich mineral resources
oi the Big Bend Country and Kootenay Lake;
8th. No company at present exists except ours, whose
connection with the mines is likely to induce them to inaugurate so costly a work as the construction of a railway down
the Kootenay River; and the local trade of the district will
not encourage the expenditure of a large amount of money
for many years to come ;
9th. The extensive farming and grazing region on the
Okanagan Lake and Spillumcheen River, and through the
Kamloops and Nicola valleys, will be at once and greatly
benefited by the development of the Kootenay regions, and
will undoubtedly supply the flour, grain and farm produce to
be used in the construction of the Canadian Pacific through
the Selkirk Range, and .will thereby lessen greatly the cost of
that woik;
10th. Already proposals have been received by the
British Columbia Government, from an English Company,
for the leasing and colonization of a large tract of overflowed
lands at the head of Kootenay Lake—a project brought into
existence and largely dependent on the development of the
mines by our company, and the construction of the Kootenay
llth. In no respect does the Kootenay Railway conflict with the agreement regarding southern lines now existing
with the Canadian Pacific Syndicate, (a) It runs in a southwesterly instead of a south-easterly direction, (b) It does
not approach within fifteen miles of the boundary, (c) It is
not intended to take freight away from the Canadian Pacific,
but to bring freight to it. Were it intended to ship the productions of the Kootenay mines through American territory,
no railway down that river is required for the purpose. The
way to do this is open now. Every shipment over the Kootenay road will practically remove freight farther from the
Northern Pacific, and nearer the Canadian Pacific Railway ;
Believing that the successful carrying out of our work
will rapidly people a region hitherto entirely deserted, and
create a source of new and permanent trade for the Canadian 36
Pacific Railway, and will add largely to the population and
prosperity of British Columbia, and to the revenue; ofthe
Dominion, I most earnestly ask, on the part of our company,
that a speedy reply be given to this communication, in, order
that we may go on at once with the expenditure required of
I have perhaps made this letter too long. My excuse is
that I think the people of Eastern Canada do not realize the
great wealth that hes in their westernmost Province. Manitoba and the North-West will furnish vast fields of grain.
British Columbia will give the products of her forests and her
mines. In all portions of the Province are to be found coal
and iron ore to an unlimited extent, copper, silver-bearing galena, and rich placer and gold-producing quartz. To develop
these it is not sufficient to construct one trunk railway through
the country. Feeders are needed as everywhere else. The
Kootenay Railway is the first of these which is projected;
others will follow; southwardly to the fertile regions of the
Okanagan and Semilkameen, northerly to the gold mines of
Cariboo, and eventually to the Omineca and Peace River
districts. Before many years have passed, the commerce of
British Columbia will form a very important factor in that of
the Dominion.
Tours Vtery respectfully,
G. B. Weight.
Hon. J. H. Pope,    .
Minister of Railioays, &c.
To the Honorable the Speaker and Members of the Legislative
Assembly of the Province of British Columbia.
The Petition of the " British Columbia Board of Trade"
humbly sheweth;
That the Board having had under consideration the projected scheme of J. C. Ainsworth and others, as explained by
Captain Blasdell personally, which scheme the Board understands to embrace the opening up and working of certain mineral claims on Kootenay Lake in this Province, in connection
therewith, and in order to draw suppHes from the markets of this Province, and transport the product of said mineral claims
to the seaboard by connecting with the Canadian Pacific Railroad at or near Eagle Pass; the immediate construction of a
wagon road from Shuswap Lake by way of said Pass to Columbia River; building and maintaining a line of steamers on
that river to connect said wagon road with a Railroad to be
constructed to Kootenay Lake, and there connecting with
another line of steamers to the locality of said mineral claims,
and, (without having had an opportunity of examining the
Bill which is to be introduced to the House), beg respectfully
to represent, that, in the opinion of the members of this
Board, the project is worthy of the favorable consideration of
your Honurable House for the following reasons:—
1. That it will be the means of developing a section of
this Province which at present is of little or no value.
2. That in order to secure the trade of that section to
British Columbia, it is very desirable to take advantage of
the.opportunity of connecting it with the present settled and
producing portions of the country, and thus initiate a connection with the valuable mines about, to be opened out.
3. That the opening of these mines will attract a large
mining population to this Province, which would materially
add to the revenue, furnish a market for the productions of
the interior, and by affording prompt facilities of communication, be the means of securing an important branch of trade
to British Columbia which might otherwise find an outlet
through the United States
And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray,
etc., etc., etc.
Signed on behalf of the British Columbia Board of Trade.
R. P. Rithet, President.
Robeet Ward, Acting Secretary.
Victoeia, B. O, 26th February, 1883.
Whereas a petition has teen presented praying for the
incorporation of a company for the purpose of running and 38
line of steamers from
it  on  Kootenay
navigating a line of steamers rrom a point
River where the southern boundary line of British Columbia
intersects the said river, and through and throughout the
Kootenay Lake and its navigable tributaries, and of constructing" • and operating a line of railway from the outlet of
Kootenay Lake to the Columbia River, and of running a line
of stermers on said river from a point where it intersects
the southern boundary line of British Columbia to the head
of navigation;
And whereas it is expedient to grant the prayer of such
Therefore, Her Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia, enacts as follows:—
1. John C. Ainsworth, of Oakland, California, Geo. J.
Ainsworth, of Portland, Oregon, and Enoch W. Blasdel, of
Oakland, California, all of the United States of America, and
such other persons and corporations as shall in pursuance of
this Act become shareholders, are hereby constituted a body
politic and corporate by the name of the " Columbia and
Kootenay Railway and Transportation Company," hereinafter called "the company."
2. The capital stock of the company shall be five million dollars, divided into fifty thousand shares of one hundred
doUars each, which shall be applied first, to the payment of
all costs and expenses incurred in the passing of this Act,
and the remainder for the purpose of the company's undertaking.
3. The persons named in the first section of this Act
shall be and are hereby constituted Provisional Directors of
the company, of whom two .shall form a quorum for the transaction of business, and they shall hold office until the first
election of Directors under this Act, and shall have power to
open stock books and procure subscriptions of stock for the ,
4. The office of the company shall be in the City of Victoria,* and service of any legal process against the company
may be effected by leaving the same at the office of the company, or in the event of there not being an office there, then
by service on the Registrar of the Supreme Court at Victoria, and any such service shall be good and effectual as
against the company for all purposes whatsoever. 39
5. The first general meeting of shareholders shall be
held in Victoria, upon two weeks' notice being given, at such
time as the Directors shall specify therein.
6. The subsequent annual general meetings of shareholders shall be held at such time as may be determined by
the by-laws of the company.
7. The company shall be entitled to borrow money on
mortgage and bond.
8. Reasonable and uniform tolls and fares shaU be from
time to time fixed and regulated by the by-laws of the company, or by the Directors, or by any person duly authorized
by the Directors, or by the shareholders at any general
meeting, and may be demanded and received for all passengers and goods upon the steamers or railway of the company,
and shall be paid to such person on the said steamers and at
such places near the railway in such manner and under such
regulations as the by-laws or rules of the company may
direct. Provided that the Legislative Assembly of British
Columbia may, from time to time, reduce the tolls upon the
railway, but not so as to produce less than ten per cent, per
annum profit on the capital actually expended in its construction, without the consent of the company, nor unless on
an examination made by the Chief Commissioner of Lands
and Works, v.ho is hereby authorized to make such examination, of the amount received and expended by the company,
the net income, from all sources, for the year then last passed,
is found to have exceeded ten per cent, upon the capital sd,
actually expended.
9. The company shall acquire, build, equip and maintain
a line of steamers and other vessels for the purpose of carrying freight and passengers to and fro, from that point on
Kootenay River where the southern boundary line of British
Columbia intersects the said river, thence down the said
river to Kootenay Lake and through and throughout said
lake and its navigable tributaries.
10. The company shall lay out, construct, acquire, build,
equip, maintain and work a continuous line of Railway from
the outlet of Kootenay Lake through the Selkirk Range of
mountains to a point on the Columbia River as near as practicable to the junction of the Kootenay with the Columbia
River in British Columbia; and such railway shall be built
either upon the broad or narrow gauge, and be known as the
Columbia and Kootenay Railway. 40
11. The term
'broad gauge
in this Act shall be construed to mean the gauge of the Canadian Pacific Railway,
and the term " narrow gauge" shall be construed to mean
not less than a three feet gauge; and the railway constructed
under this Act shall be well and properly constructed, with easy
gradients, properlj ballasted and equipped, and suitable in
every respect for the transport of freight and passengers.
12. The company shall acquire, build, equip, maintain,
run and navigate a hne of steamers suitable for passenger
and freight traffic, and other vessels, upon the Columbia
River to and fro, from the point on the Columbia River where
the Columbia and Kootenay Railway from Kootenay Lake
terminates, to that point on the west bank of the Columbia
River where the Canadian Pacific Railway shall strike the
said river and cross the same near the Eagle Pass; or, in the
event of the Canadian Pacific Railway not crossing the
Columbia River, to the point where a wagon road or railway
from .Shuswap Lake to the Columbia River may terminate
13. The company shall, upon the passage of this Act,
proceed to survey the line of said railway, and so soon as the
line of railway shall have been located, shall proceed to survey the line of the other land proposed to be acquired by
them under the provisions of this Act, and shall, on or before
the first day of December, A. D. 1884, deposit with the Government of British Columbia the sum of $25,000, which shall be refunded to the company, and interest paid at the rate of four
per cent, per annum, on the due and complete compliance
with the terms of this Act, and in default of such compliance
shall form part of the consolidated revenue.
14. The construction and equipment of the line of railway shall be complete and the route already hereby defined
well and properly supplied with steamers, within one year
after the completion of the British Columbia section of the
Canadian Pacific Railway, west of the Columbia River, and
the survey of the base lines of the land proposed to be acquired by the company completed on or before the 31st day
of December, 1887.
15. Notwithstanding anything herein contained the company shall complete the survey of the lands on the Kootenay
Lake required by the company in blocks of six miles in width
by six miles in depth by the 1st of December, 1884. In the
event of the company making default in the deposit of the 41
sum of twenty-five thousand dollars as aforesaid, or in compliance with the provisions of Section 24 of this Act, or in
the survey or the location of the railway line and the blocks
of land on Kootenay Lake on or before the 1st day of December, 1884, or in completing the surveys of the blocks of
land required by the company on Columbia River, on or before the 31st December, 1888, or, in comphance with the
other requirements of this Act on or before the 31st day of
December, 1887, or within one year after the completion of
the British Columbia section of the Canadian Pacific Railway, as aforesaid, then this Act shall be null and void, and
all rights, powers and privileges granted hereby shaU cease
and determine.
16. The surveys herein mentioned shall be at the expense
of the company, and such surveys shall be conducted in
accordance with the now existing land laws of the Province.
17. In consideration of the undertaking assumed by the
company, as hereinbefore mentioned, the Government of
British Columbia shall, immediately upon the passage of this
Act, set apart and reserve a tract or tracts of land commencing at a point on Kootenay River or Lake, fifteen miles from
the southern boundary line of British Columbia, thence down
the said river or lake, and through and throughout the said
lake, and its navigable tributaries, and also a tract
or tracts of land from the outlet of Kootenay Lake
to such point on the Columbia River as the Railway
hereby provided to be constructed shall terminate, and also a
further tract or tracts of land commencing at that point
where the southern boundary line of British Columbia intersects the Columbia River, and from thence to the head of
navigation on the Columbia River. Such reservation shall
extend to a depth of six miles on each side of the route or
routes proposed to be navigated by the said line of steamers,
and over which the railway will pass, and such reserve shall
include, except as hereinafter mentioned, all mines, minerals,
and substances of whatever kind, upon, in or under the land
not already owned or lawfully held by other parties, and the
company shall be entitled to enter upon and take possession
of such land in alternate sections within the tracts so reserved, as fast as it shall be surveyed by them as aforesaid,
in blocks of six miles in width by six miles in depth, and to
use, occupy, work, and enjoy the same, and subject to the
provisions   of  this Act, hereinafter mentioned, enter into 42
agreements for the sale and lease thereof: Provided that the
aggregate amount of lands so taken possession of by the
company, shall not exceed seven hundred and fifty thousand
acres. And the company shall not be entitled to any laud
which may be within twenty miles of the line of the Canadian
Pacific Railway.
18. All moneys for leases or sales of lands by the company, previous to the issuing of Crown grants, under the
provisions of this Act, shall be paid to and received by the
Government of British Columbia, and shah be held by them
in trust for the company, and upon the due and complete
comphance with the terms of this Act such principal moneys
shah be paid to the company, and, failing the due and. complete comphance by the- company with the terms of this Act,
shall form part of the consolidated revenue of the Province.
And upon any such 'sales of land being made the Government
of British Columbia may issue to the purchaser a Crown
grant for the same, but not until the surveys of such land
shall have been accepted by the Chief Commissioner of
Lands and Works and payment made for the land; and all
leases, sales, and other -alienations of land, previous to the
issuing of Crown grants, shall be subject to the approval in
writing of the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, or
the Assistant Commissioner of the district: provided that no
land shall be sold at a less price than one dollar per acre.
19. Upon • it being shown to the satisfaction of the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council that the surveys required by
this Act have been completed and that lines of steamers and
a railway have been duly built, equipped and maintained in
accordance with the terms of this Act, the Government of
British Columbia shall grant the absolute fee simple, inclusive of the rights to minerals, except as herein mentioned, in
and to the said lands, to the said company.
20. The railway constructed under the terms of this Act
shall be the property of the company, and shall be maintained by the company at all reasonable times so as to meet
the requirements of the public. If the railway shall not be
so maintained, the property therein, together with all the
material, plant and machinery pertaining thereto, shall become the property of the Government of British Columbia,
and the company, in operating steamboats and the railway,
shah be deemed to be common carriers subject only to such
reasonable restrictions as the company may, by by-law pub- 43
lished in the British  Columbia  Gazette, and one. oi* more
newspapers published in the Province, establish.
21. The existing rights (if any) in any of the lands hereinbefore referred to of all persons and corporations shaU not
be affected by this Act, and the rights of the company to the
lands under this Act shall, until the same shall be granted to
the company, be subject at all times to the rights of free
miners to mine and search for precious metals, in as full and
effectual a manner as if such lands were the waste lands of
the Crown, and the Crown grants hereafter to be issued shall
be governed by the now existing land laws of the Province,
and shall be in accordance with the form No. 9 set forth in
the schedule to the "Land Act, 1875," and shall be subject
to the rights of such persons being free miners, who, at the
time of the issuing of such Crown grants, shall have mining
claims upon any of the lands comprised within such Crown
22. The lands of the company shall not be subject to
Provincial taxation for a period of five years from the passing
of this Act, unless the same are leased or worked, or in any
wise ahenated by the company, and the railway and steamers, and all stations and station grounds, workshops, buildings, yards, rolling stock, appurtenances and other property
required and used for the construction, equipment and working of the said lines of steamers and railway, and the capital
stock of the company, and all personal property owned or
possessed by the company in British Columbia shall be free
from Provincial taxation until the lapse of two years after the
completion of the line of steamers and railway.
23. The rights of the Canadian Pacific Railwav to lands
or otherwise shall not be affected by this Act, and should the
conipa,ny be deprived of lands along the line of route of said
steamers and railway through the superior claims of the
Canadian Pacific Railway, then the company shall be entitled
to other land in alternate sections as aforesaid adjacent to
the reserve, in quantity equal to the lands lost by the company through the superior claims of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, but not to include the alternate sections adjoining
the lands hereby proposed to be reserved for the benefit of
the company.
24. If the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway in
British Columbia shall be definitely adopted by way of some
pass other than Eagle Paes, then the company shall, at the 44
session of the Provincial Legislature next following the time
when such other pass shall have been so adopted, submit to
such Legislature a proposal for the construction of a Railroad, from Shuswap Lake to the Columbia River, by way of
the Eagle Pass, so as to require the company to construct, equip
and maintain such railroad, upon the basis of a land grant to
the company not exceeding seventeen thousand acres for
each mile of railway to be so constructed.
25. The company shall furnish to the Collector or Collectors appointed under the provisions of the " Provincial
Revenue Tax Act, 1881," for the Electoral District of Kootenay when requested by any such Collector so to do, from time
to "time, a list of every person in their -employ, or indirectly
employed by them, hable to pay the tax imposed by the said
Act; and the said company shall pay to the Collector such
tax for every such person, and may deduct the amount so
paid on account of such person from the amount of salary or
wages due, or to become due, to him from the said company,
upon production and delivery of the receipt for such tax to
such person.
26. In default of the company furnishing the lists or
paying the taxes, the Collector may proceed against the company in respect of such default, in the manner provided by
said Act.
27. This Act may be cited as the " Columbia and Kootenay Railway and Transportation Company Act, 1883."
Annual return showing the description, number and tonnage of vessels built and registered at the port of Victoria,
during the fiscal year ending 30th June, 1883 :
Scbew Steamebs built, 3 in number     669.74
Stebn-wheel Steamebs built, 1 in number  591.04
Sailing Baeques built, 1 in number   396.69
Sailing Sloops built, 1 in number         6.38
Total Tonnage of vessels built during the year 1663.85 45
Scbew Steamebs registered, 4 in number  677.92
Stebn-wheel Steamebs registered, 1 in number    591.04
Sailing Barques registered, 1 in number  396.69
Sailing Sloops registered, 3 in number  19.86
Total Tonnage of vessels registered during the year .1685.51
Total Number of Vessels built during year 5 in number.
Total Number of Vessels registered during year, 9 in number.
The following are the names of vessels built or registered
at Victoria, from 1st July, 1882, to 30th June, 1883 :
I Pacific Slope," stern-wheel steamer, 71.88 tons; length, 92
feet; beam, 22 ft. 7 in.; depth of hold, 3 ft. 3 in.; registered owner, John Trutch.
"Dolphin," screw schooner, 60.10 tons; length, 77 feet;
beam, 22 ft. 7 in.; depth of hold, 7 ft. 5 in.; registered
owner, Jas. D. Warren.
IW. P. Sayward," sailing schooner, 59.79 tons; length, 68
ft.; beam, 2i ft. 5 in.; depth of hold, 7 ft. 2 in.; registered owner, Andrew Laing.
"Duncan," sailing sloop, 6.38 tons; length, 32 ft.3 in.; beam,
9 ft. 8 in.; depth of hold, 3 ft. 5 in.; registered owner,
Charles Bromley.
I Nanaimo," sailing barque, 396.69 tons; length, 153 feet;
beam, 34* feet; depth of hold, 12 ft. 5 in.; registered
owner, Chauncey Carpenter.
" Spratt's Ark," screw steamer, 419.42 tons:
beam, 32 ft.; depth of hold, 8 ft. 2 in.; registered owner,
Joseph Spratt
'.'Lottie," screw steamer, 11.12 tons; length, 51 feet; beam,
12 ft. 5 in.; depth of hold, 3 feet; registered owner,
Patrick Hickey.
"Barbara Boscowitz," 239.20 tons; length, 119 feet; beam,
22 ft.; depth of hold, 16 ft.; three-masted schooner, auxiliary screw; registered owner, J. A. Sayward
length, 145 ft.
Port of Victoria, B. C—Statement of vessels, British
and Foreign, employed in the coasting trade of the Dominion 46
of Canada, which have arrived at or departed from this port
during the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1883 :
In Number. Tons. Number of Grew.
Screw Steamers 100 14,682           1,015
Paddle Steamers 307 114,711           4,587
Stern-wheel Steamers   98 67,124           1,566
Schooners 145 -8,834              656
Sloops  39 234               48
Total 689 205,585 7,872
In Number. Tons. Number of Grew.
Screw Steamers   100 14,476           1,014
Paddle Steamers 302 115,197           4,566
Stern-wheel Steamers 99 67,273           1,544
Schooners 154 9,215              695
Sloops   41 246               64
Total 696 206,407 7,883
N. B.—The " Trawsire" is only used by vessels having
coasting licenses when sailing from a Canadian port in one
Province to a Canadian port in another Province.
Vessels. Tonnage.    Grew.
Arrived under coasting license, British.  689    205,585    7,872
Departed " " " "        696   206,407    7,883
Total   1,385   411,992 15,755
Port of Victoria, B. C.—Statement exhibiting the number of vessels with their tonnage and crews which arrived at
and departed from this port (seaward) during the fiscal year
ending the 30th June, 1883, distinguishing countries to which 47
they belong, and not including vessels trading between ports
within the Dominion:
Under Wliat Flag.                        Number. Tons. Grew.
British                     102 80,942 1,998
United States         591 315,787 13,779
French       1 244 12
Norwegian and Swedish       1 453 12
Danish       2 1,958 61
Bolivian           3 2,680 45
Central American       1 1,305 16
Hawaiin (Sandwich Islands;...      1 594 11
Total     702 403,963 15,934
Under What Flag.                        Number. Tons. Grew.
British 101 80,398 1,935
United States   572 307,265 13,050
French       1 726 16
Danish          4 2,941 104
Bolivian          3 2,690 47
Hawaiian (Sandwich Islands)..      1 594 12
Total 682 394,614 15,164
Arrived :—British Steamers...    74
•  British Sailing Vessels     28
Foreign Steamers   399
Sailing Vessels.   ...  201
Total of British Vessels   102
I       Foreign Vessels....  600
British and Foreign. 702
Departed :—British Steamers.    83
British Sailing Vessels     19
Foreign Steamers 402
Sailing Vessels.   ...  178
Total of British Vessels    102
"      Foreign Vessels   580
British and Foreign.  682
15,164 48
Port of Victoria, B. C.—*Statement of vessels, British,
Canadian and Foreign, entered inwards from sea, at this port,
during the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1883 :
* This does not include vessels trading between ports
within the Dominion, but does include all the colonies of
Great Britain.
From                No. of Vessels. Register.         Freight.          Grew.
United Kingdom   1.3 9,226 tons. 11,896 tons.  227
United States   36 33,866   "      4,234   "      785
Sandwich Islands     2 1,974   '*         150   "       80
China    1 902   "         180   '*       40
United States.
No. of Vessels.     Register. Freight. Grew.
... 10 3,097 tons.     380 tons.  100
From No. of Vessels.
United States 418
Sandwich Islands     1
China     5
Register. Freight. Grew.
70,480 tons. 26,288 tns. 8,841
743   " 50   "        13
4,592   "      2,863   "      104
RRITISH in ballast.
From No. of Vessels.
United States  20
Chili          1
Brazil     1
China     2
Australia         2
Argentine Republic....    1
From No. of Vessels.
United States     8
Peru     1
China     3
21,640 tons.
1,208   "
924   "
1,460   "
1,386   "
823   "
1,220 tons.
636   "
2,473   "
49 49
From No. of Vessels. Register.
United States 165       137,688 tons.
Peru     1 1,305   "
Central America     1 592   "
Sandwich Islands     4 1,945   "
Japan     2 2,378   "
Mexico      4 3,405   "
With Oabgoes. No.
British     52
Canadian   10
Foreign   424
Total 486
Vessels in Ballast.
British   27
Canadian 12
Foreign 177
Total 216
Grand Total..-....702
Register. Freight.          Crew.
45,968 tns. .16,460 tns. 1,132
3,097 " 380 "  100
175,815 " 29,201 I 8,958
27,441 tons.
4,329   "
147,313   "
46,041     10,190
46,041     15,934
Port of Victoria, B. C.—Statement of vessels, British,
Canadian and Foreign, entered outwards for sea, at this port,
during the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1883 :
For                  No. of Vessels. ' Register.         Freight.          Crew.
United Kingdom.....      8 4,707 tons.   6,362 tons.  121
United States 54 44,584   "    70,748  "  1,142
China     2 5,119   "      5,990   "       78
Australia     1 966   1         125   "       20 50
For                   No. of Uessels.     Register.          Freight. Crew.
United Kingdom   ....      1              948 tons.   1,200 tons.    IB
United States     8           2,187   I      1,346 "        75
Australia         1              853   "       1,200 <;        17
For                  No. of Vessels.     Register,          Freight. Crew.
United States   252        173,933 tns. 108,321 tns. 6,355
China     1              979   "           25 "        35
Sandwich Islands  .     .    8           4,593   :*       6,898 |        95
Mexico     2           1,723   "      3,574 "        30
British Africa..,     1              626   "         900 %        13
For                 No. of Vessels.     Register.          Freight Crew.
United States     5           3,768 tong  129
China     1           1,797   "         .... 50
For                   No. of Vessels.   'Register.          Freight. Crew
United States     21           4,040 tons.'     .... 219
No. of Vessels.     Register.   -     Freight. Crew
United States 315       142,812 tons.     ... 6,734
China     1              979   "         ... 35
With Cargoes,          No. of Vessels.     Register.         Freight. Grew.
British   65 55,376 tns    83,225 tns. 1,361
Canadian   IC           3,988   "       3,746 "      108
Foreign       264       181,854   "   119,718 "   6,528
Total 339       241,218        206,689 7,997
In BajiLast,
British     6           5,565 tns.         ... 179
Canadian  21           4,040   "         .. 219
.Foreign 316       143,791              .... 6,769
Total 343       153,396             .... 7,167
Grand Total   682       394,614        206,689 15,164 51
Exported foreign from the Port of Victoria, B. C, for the
fiscal year ending 30th June, 1883 :
Gold, in dust and bars
Iron Ore, 2890 tons.. .
Plumbago Ore, 12 tons
Coal  ...11 ■•■■£*  674,208
Salmon, canned, 10,941,964 lbs. . $1,151,081
Salmon, pickled,
Salmon, fresh,
Halibut, fresh,
Other fish, pickled,
Other fish, smoked,
Herrings, pickled,
Oolachans, smoked, .
Codfish, fresh,
Sturgeon, fresh,
Clams, fresh, in cans,
Fish Oil,
Fish Manure,
Marine Furs.
2,153 barrels.
285 lbs.
3,044 lbs	
2C bairels.
1,200 lbs	
574 barrels.
480 lbs... .
125 lbs.
1,000 lbs	
240 lbs	
62,960 gallons.
130 tons...
. * These figures apply only to Vancouver Island, the returns from New Westminster (i. e. Burrard Inlet) not being
Planks and Boards	
Sleepers and Railroad Ties.
Masts and Spars
Laths, Pailings and Pickets;
Horned Cattle, 192 in number  $8,532
Horses, 1 in number  50
Meat, Beef, fresh, 139,880 lbs  H-832
|       "     salted, 14,000 lbs  911
"     Pork, salted, 1 barrel   22
Furs, undressed  191,448
Hides and Skins.
Feathers, 55 lbs .
Hair, 805 lbs	
Butter, 67 lbs....
Wool, 113,548 lbs.
Bricks .
$    31
Ijpl $58
Indian Curios •   %  $    310
Exports not the produce of Canada..".'  38,080
Produce of the Mine $1,309,646
Produce of the Fisheries  1,321,522
Produce of the Forest :  19,626
Animals and their produce,  286,960
Agricultural Products  6,791
Manufactures  58
Miscellaneous \  310
Exports not the produce of Canada  38,080
Total Exports from the Port of Victoria, B. C $2,982,993
Increase* as compared with the year 1882      211123 53
Port of Victoria, B. O, for the fiscal year ending 30th
June, 1883:
Dutiable Goods—value of total imports $2,921,744 00
|            '*         ent'd for home consumption.  2,872,887 00
" amount of duty paid on        798,604 67
Feee Goods—value of total imports          429,211 00
entered for home consumption..     884,643 00
leaf tobacco subject to excise...       37,089 00
" leaf tobacco ent'd for consumpt'n      28,344 00,
Total Value of Impobts  3,388,041 00
"                of goods entered for home  consumption      3,330,504 00
I      imported (in excess of above) from
Eastern Canada      622,147 00
The Board is indebted to the officers of H. M. Customs
for their usual courtesy in supplying the valuable information
relative to "Shipping and Customs."
The following extracts are taken from a report of A. C.
Anderson Esq. Inspector of Fisheries for this Province, for
the year ending 31st December, 1882. Supplement No. 2,
pages 188 to 199. Fifteenth Annual Report Marine and Fisheries Department. The financial result shows favorably,
there having been an increase in the total cash valuation as
Total for 1882./ $1,842,675 05
Total for 1881    ' -  1,454,321 26
Increase    $388,353 79 54
It may be added that a lower valuation of several items
of the Return than that of last year has been adopted, and
especially of the canned fish. Valued throughout by the
same scale the return of the present year would have exceeded
The value of the vessels, nets, and other implements employed is computed at $229,670.00; while the valuation of the
salmon canneries and other fishing stations along the coast
reaches $402,000.00. Employment- has been given, during
the fishing season, to 5,215 fishermen and other persons, including seventy-nine sailors—the last employed chiefly in the
fur seal fleet.
The comparative yield of canned salmon has been as
Cases, 4 doz. 1 lb. cans, 1882 255,061
"     1881 177,276
Increase •   77,785
Twenty canneries have been in operation during the
season, of which thirteen are situated on Fraser River ; the
other seven at various points along the northern coast as far'
as the boundary of Alaska. The establishment of other canneries is in contemplation, and it seems certain that there will
be a large extension of this important business with the approaching season.
The herring business at Burrard Inlet, immediately north
of the Fraser, has increased during the past season. About
1,700 barrels and other packages of the have been .
packed. These are intended for the Australian market, where
an eager demand for the herring of this coast appears to have
sprung up. With the continuance, and probable increase of
this demand, a wide opening for the extension of this branch
of industry is apparent. The oil business of the Burrard Inlet Fishing Company has been moderately productive; but the
apparatus for drying the scrap for shipment appears to be still
defective. About 150 tons only of the dried scrap have been
secured, a portion if not all of which has been shipped to London. It is to be regretted that the operations of this enterprising firm have been m so far retarded, for there seems to be httle
room for question that, when in full and effective operation, the
business they have in view, will prove largely remunerative. 00
The chief oil business of this coast, at present, is the ex-.
traction of the oil from the livers of the "piked dog-fish"
(squalus acanthius), in reality a small variety of shark, as its
classified name indicates. Attention was drawn to the subject of this oil, in connection with the extensive works now in
progress at Skidegate, on Queen Charlotte Islands. It is
gratifying to know that this valuable industry, throughout the
coast, is constantly increasing with the augmented demand,
as well for local consumption as for shipment abroad.
A glance at the table of returns will suffice to show that
a considerable increase in the varied sources of yield is gradually proceeding. The oyster business, so far, has made httle
apparent advance ; but the lessees of the Mud Bay flats, with
recently increased capital, pre prosecuting th; object of their
lease with vigor. Another application for the lease of a portion
of Sooke Harbor, has been forwarded to Ottawa; and a third
application for the lease of a portion of Victoria Arm, also
for oyster culture-has recently, been made.
The fur-seal fishery has been moderately succesful.
There has been, however, some decline in prices, and the
rate of valuation in the list has been accordingly reduced.
So valued, the season's yield reaches $177,000.00. The following vessels, equipped in Victoria, were engaged in this
pursuit during the past season :
Tons. Sailors. Hunters
1. Schooner " Grace"     80       5       36
'2. "       " Dolphin," steam auxiliary.    80       5       36
3. •      "        "•Juanita" .".    50       4        32
4. " " W. P. Sayward"  75 4 32
5. " " Favourite",  80 5 32
6. " " Mary Ellen"  65 5 36
7. " "Kate" '.. 55 4 28
8. " I Onward"...          35 4 32
9. " "Black Diamond"  80 4 32
10. " " Winifred"    15 2 12
11. " " Anna Beck," steam auxl'ry. 50 4 32
12. " " Thornton "  35 4 28
13. " " Alfred Adams"  75 4 32
775     54     400
Employing 200 cedar canoes for hunters' use.
Of the pack of canned salmon during the past-season 56
the proportions secured in Fraser River and the northern
canneries are as under:
-   Cases.
Fraser River, 13 canneries   199,204
Northern River, 7 canneries     55,857
Total cases   255,061
Each case containing four dozen one pound tins, representing an aggregate of 12,242,928 pounds.    Of this amount
the following shipments are recorded :
Per " Lady Head" for London, 3d Sept., 1882 18,183
" " Albany " for London, 20th Sept   21,097
" "Girvan" for London, 3d Oct   28,437
" " Spirit of the Dawn " for London, 15th Oct....  31,608
" " Bodrhvddan " for London, 19th Oct   21,698
" " Latona " for London, 25th Oct   42,425
" " Grace Gibson " for London, 25th Jan., 1883. ..  23,314
" " Frederick " for Liverpool, 14th Oct. 1882   37,129
Total exported to England 223,901
Exported to Eastern Canada, Australia, &c, and retained for local consumption   31,160
Total 255,061
From the Columbia River the foUowing shipments took
place during the past season by various ships,.from June 12th
to 20th of December :
Foreign, by twelve ships, chiefly for London........ 350,775
To San Francisco 170,281
Total 521,056
The capital invested in the fisheries of the Columbia
River, as given by the trade report of the Oregonian, newspaper, of Portland "is estimated at $2,000,000, and employment is given, during the fishing season, to more than 7,000
men. Large quantities of tin plate are imported from England direct to the Columbia River, the canning industry hav-'
ing introduced our direct import trade with England by the
large quantities of tin, sheet iron and chemicals required.
Duty on tin plates, less 10 per cent., is refunded to canners 57
on their making proper entry at the Custom House .at the
time of making foreign shipment.
The yield of the California and and northern coast canneries (in Alaska) 1882, apart from the Columbia River, is
given by the San Francisco Commercial Herald as 210,978
cases, thus completing a return from all sources on the Pacific coast of 987,095 cases.
In addition to the quantity of salmon canned for export
during the past year in British Columbia, a httle over 5,000
barrels of salted salmon- have also been packed. The demand for the fish, so cured,' appears to be rapidly increasing;
and there can be little question that, with due care in the
preparation, the barreled salmon of this coast will soon attain a world-wide reputation. In this branch of industry less
capital is required than in the prosecution of the canning
business, and a broad field is thus opened for the industrious fisherman of moderate means. In this business,
as in the canning business, a conscientious and intelligent
oare alone will secure for a particular brand a merited reputation.
The system of salmon licenses authorized during the
past year has worked .very effectively. Applications for
licences at various points along the coast have been made
in addition to the fisheries' in operation last year, and
there is every indication that the business throughout will'be
prosecuted with increased activity during the approaching
The question of a salmon hatchery in the waters of the
Fraser continues to be agitated, but to name the place on
that river best suitable for the establishment of a hatchery,
appears to be the main obstacle to its immediate prosecution.
Mr. Anderson, the Inspector, has already suggested that in a
decision so momentous, the opinion of an expert from Canada, cognizant of all the requirements, should be called for,
and gave substantial reasons for declining to assume the
grave responsibility of naming the site, and giving as his
opinion that it should rest with a duly appointed expert to
decide upon the question of location, aftei full enquiry here ;
and further stating that the experience of failure on the Columbia River, through hasty and ill-advised attempts, should
not be lost sight of in arriving at a decision upon which its
success chiefly depends. 58
During the summer an advertisement appeared in our
local newspapers, offering for sale the privilege of using an
implement known as " William's Revolving Fishing Wheel,"
for which, in addition to the patent previously secured in the
United States, patent rights had recently been granted in
Canada. Measures were taken to point out that the use of
this wheel for salmon fishing purposes as proposed, would
not be permitted in the waters of this Pro vince, seeing that
its action, if widely adopted, would greatly injure, if not, in
time destroy our valuable fishery. Subsequently, Mr. Anderson supplied some further explanations on this subject, and
adds, that further inquiry has tended to comfirm him only the
more strongly in the opinion he had formed.
He also judged it to be expedient to address His Honor
the Lieutenant Governor, and point out the consequences
that might be apprehended were all the ships of war at that
time on the station to be suddenly removed, as was then
rumoured to be in contemplation; and it is trusted that the
representations which have been made have not been withoi*wt
effect Meanwhile our extensive line of coast has been left,
at least temporarily, without that show of protection—symbolic of the power to restrain or punish—to which the peaceful condition of our coast-line has been largely due, and under
which the continued investment of capital in the develpment
of our fisheries has securely proceeded.
Nor was it long before the necessity which had been indicated was strikingly illustrated. Troubles arose at Methla-
katla, the interesting Indian settlement on our extreme north-
em coasts to which more than once attention has been drawn.
In our helpless condition the Government had no alter
native, to meet the apparent urgency of the case than to
ask the temporary service of the United States Revenue
steamer " Oliver Wolcott. " Their request was promptly
acceded to by telegram from Washington; and through this
courteous aid a settlement of a difficulty which might, by possibility, have had disastrous results, was speedily effected.
Everything in this quarter indicates the rapid expansion
of our varied industrial interests—and not least of all the
fishing interst, the extreme future value of which is gradually
being recognised. The rapid advance of the Canadian Pacific Railway warrants the assumption that, ere long, direct
communication with the Eastern Provinces will be available *
www—m 59
and it is easy to conceive, at least partially, the impetus which
this much desired communication will give to all our industries oh the Pacific coast.
Number and value of vessels and nets engaged in the
different fisheries of the Province of British Columbia, during the year 1882:
1152 tons $84,800
904 ...      37,640
14 Steamers and steam auxiliaries, 5 to 80 tons=
 198 tons)
12 Schooners, 10 to 80 tons,  . = 954 tons-j
654 Fishing boats  \
250 .edar canoes j
47 Flat-boats          6,070
845 Salmon nets = 246,320 yards     89,740
1 Herring seine  100
26 Herring nets       4,440
79 Fish seines       6,990
5 Oolachan net*  180
20 Salmon canneries, estimated value $369,000
1 Oil factory, Queen Charlotte Island ;       8,000
1 Oil and scrap factory, Burrard Inlet     25,000
Sailors,  79
Fishermen    ...        2,705
Shoremen         2,431
Yield and value of the different fisheries in the Province
ff British Columbia, in the year 1882: 60
79,700 ■
$45,508 50
9.008 00
"■      canned, cases 4 doz. 1 lb. cans	
1.402,835 50
1,630 00
Whiting, fresh	
Halibut, fresh, in iee. to San Prancisco, pei
Customs Return...
1,176 00
380 00
10,316 00
1,374 75
2,600 00
2,152 00
Oolachans and Herrings, fresh	
salted '....*.	
1,970 00
928 00
198 00
92 50
1,261 00
250 00
177,000 00
Hair  "     "        ...
1,750 00
Dog-fish, refined	
8,500 00
3,200 00
20,350 00
78,562 80
6.000 00
2.250 OO
600 00
55,000 00
3,000 00
$1,842,675 05
1,454,321 26
$388,353 79
Total for 1881	
Value of computed consumption of fish by the Indian
population (35,000) as per previous detail:
Salmon $4,375,000 00
Halibut      180,000 00
Sturgeon and other fish      250,000 00
Fish Oils        80,000 00
$4,885,000 00
Ottawa, 17th April, 1883.
1. Vessels and boats employed in the transport of goods
or passengers from one port or place to another port or place 61
within the hmits of the Dominion of Canada, shall be deemed
to be engaged in the Coasting Trade and shall be subject to
the regulations governing the same.
2. None but British registered vessels and boats wholly
owned by British subjects and such other vessels or boats as
may be owned by the subjects of countries included in any
treaty with Great Britain by which the Coasting Trade is
mutually conceded, can lawfully be engaged in the Coasting
Trade of the Dominion of Canada, and. the names of such
vessels or boats and the names of then* Port of Begistry shall
be distinctly painted on the stern of the said vessels or boats.
3. Such vessels* and boats may, without being subject to
entry or clearance, as required by law, for vessels trading between ports in the Dominion of Canada, as well as with foreign ports, carry goods the produce of Canada, or goods
duty free, or goods duty paid, or passengers from any ports
or places in the Province to any other ports or places in the
Province, provided always that the owners or misters of such
vessels or boats shall take out a license for the year or part
of the year always terminable on the 30th day of June, for
that purpose, from a Collector of Customs in Canada, and
that the owners or masters in taking out the said license shaU
enter into bonds of $500.00 conditioned that such vessels or boats shall not be employed in the foreign trade, unless as hereinafter provided, and provided also that the master
of every such vessel or boat shah report inwaids and outwards on entering or leaving a port, on the forms prescribed.
4. The master of any such vessel or boat shall produce
his license to any officer of customs, whenever the same shall
be demanded, and answer all questions put to him, and such
officer of Customs shall be at hberty to go on board any such
coasting vessel when he may deem proper, and if he should
find any dutiable goods therein which, had not been entered
at the Customs, or any prohibited or smuggled goods, or if
any goods had been unladen therefrom before the master had
reported to a Customs officer, the goods and vessel shall be
forfeited, and the master shah incur the penalty of $100.00.
5. Before any coasting vessel or boat shall depart from
any port of lading in any one of the Provinces of the Dominion of Canada for any other port in the said Dominion, report with a duplicate thereof, in the form or to the effect following, and signed by the master, shall be delivered to the
Collector or some officer of Customs who shall retain the 62
duplicate and return the original report dated and signed by
him, and such report shall be the clearance of the vessel or
boat for the voyage, except for goods under bond, or goods
liable to Excise or Internal Bevenue duty which shall require
the entries and warrants for landing to be signed by the
proper officers as required by law, and if any report be false,
the master who signed it shall forfeit the sum of $100.00.
6. Vessels and boats employed in the coasting trade
that shall not have taken up a license for carrying goods,
shall report inwards and outwards at the nearest port to their
place of arrival or destination, and require clearances whenever they depart from any port or place within the Dominion
of Canada, and in default of their so reporting the vessel and
cargo, the master shah in such cases be subject to the penalty of $100 for' departing and arriving without due entry inwards or outwards, as the case may be. Provided that when
a vessel shall sail from any place where there is no Custom
House or officer of Customs, it shall be sufficient for the car-:
rying out of this regulation that the owner or master of such
vessel do, as soon afterwards as possible forward to the nearest Custom House a similar report in duplicate, or lodge the
same at first port ab which he shall touch where there is a
Custom House Officer.
7. Goods under a removal bond from one Canadian port
to another Canadian port may be carried in any British
registered vessel or boat trading coastwise with a proper license upon such goods being properly entered in the report
outwards and clearance in Duplicate, the collector at the
port from which such goods are removed being required to
forward by mail, to the Collector of the port for which the
goods are destined, all the particulars and description of the
goods so^ forwarded, and the packages shall be properly
marked in red as now provided, but no goods under bond
shall be carried in any coasting vessel or boat without being
so reported and cleared.
8. No coasting vessel or boat shall touch at any foreign
port unless forced by unavoidable circumstances, or thereunto
authorized by a Collector or proper officer of Customs, and
the master of any coasting vessel or boat which has touched
at any foreign port shall- declare the same in writing under
his own hand to the Collector or proper officer of Customs at
the port or place in Canada where his vessel or boat afterward first arrives under a penalty of $100. 63
9- If any goods are unshipped from any vessel or boat
arriving coastwise, or unshipped or water borne to be shipped
to be carried coastwise on Sundays or hohdays, or unless in
the presence or with the authority of the proper officer of
Customs, or unless at such times and places as shah be appointed and approved by him for that purpose; the same shall
be forfeited and the master of the vessel or boat shall forfeit
the sum of $100.
10. Officers of Customs may board any coasting vessel
or boat in any port or place, and at any period of the voyage
search her, and examine all goods on board and demand all
the documents which ought to be on board ; and the Collector
may require such documents to be brought to him for inspection.
11. No fishing boat or boat used in ferrying under fifteen
tons burthen shall, except by special license or permission,
carry any goods from a foreign country, which are liable to
duty, under pain of seizure, unless the same (in case of ferry
hoats) be for the sole use of some passenger then on board.
12. No goods can be carried in any coasting vessel or
boat, except such as are laden to be so carried at some port
or place in Canada, and no goods shall be taken into or put
out of any coasting vessel or boat while on her voyage by
river, lake or sea.
13. The reports inwards and outwards coastwise required
by these Begulations may, in the case of any steam vessel
carrying a purser, be signed by such purser, with the hke
effect in ail respects, and subject to the like penalty on the
purser, and the hke forfeiture of the goods, in case of any
untrue statement, or violation of Customs law, as if the report was signed by the master; and the word master, for the
purposes of these regulations, shall be construed as including
the purser of any steam vessel; butnothing herein contained
shall preclude the Collector or proper officer of Customs from
calling upon the master of any steam vessel to answer all such
questions concerning the vessel, passengers, cargo and crew,
as might be lawfully demanded of him if the Beport had been
made by him, or to exempt the master from the penalties
imposed by these regulations for failure to answer any such
question or for answering untruly or to prevent the master
from making such report, if he shall see fit so to do..
14. The foregoing regulations are also to govern the
Coasting Trade of the Province of British Columbia so far 64
only as relates to vessels trading or making voyages between
the several ports in that Province.
15. The Coasting Begulations dated the 28th July, 1868
and 31st May, 1870, and all regulations heretofore existing
in the Dominion of Canada in reference to Coasting in any
of the said Provinces, are hereby repealed.
Ottawa, 18th May, 1883.
Beferring to the new Coasting Begulations, and with the
desire to make the Begulations as httle burdensome upon
coasting passenger steamers as possible, the Beport Outwards
may be made at the port from which the trip commences, and
may name the last Canadian port at which the steamer touche
before taking clearance for a foreign port, as the intended
voyage, but at all intermediate ports t e Beports Inwards
should be left in accordance with the terms of the above order
in Council.
A new fish hatchery has been built in the village of
Magog at the foot of Lake Memphremagog, in the Province,
of Quebec. This site was selected as possesing many natural
advantages, with an abundant supply of pure water, conducted
almost directly from the lake into the breeding troughs of the
nursery. The temperature of the water here-never reaches
freezing point on account of its narrow rapid passage from the
large body of the lake, which here forms the source or commencement of the Biver Magog, which runs down to the City
of Sherbrooke, and falls into the St. Francis Bive*t in its
course to the St. Lawrence.
The site of this hatchery,vwith its water and railway
communications near at hand, is well suited for the easy distribution of young fish in the numerous lakes and streams
which everywhere abound in the section of country known as
the Eastern Townships. 65
The privilege of water, with grounds for "the buildings
were obtained from the Magog Manufacturing Company by
utilizing the former location of an old mill.
The premises being secured, tenders were advertised for,
several applications were made, the lowest was taken, and the
building was satisfactorily completed. Its dimensions are
24x60, with two stories; the lower flat being used as the
hatching room, and the upper one for office and caretaker's
residence. Alongside the building convenient ponds are arranged and abundantly supplied with water from* the main
river. These.are used as reservoirs for the breeding fish,
which being caught in the lake above can be readily floated
down in scows into these pens, and there safely kept till re-'
quired for manipulation.
The whole of the arrangements in connection with the
Magog hatchery are exceptionally convenient for the artificial
propagation of fish upon an extensive scale.
This salmon breeding establishment was fully completed
during the year, 1881. The site chosen for the works is situated within the limits of the Town of Sydney, at the head
of a tidal creek, or cove, where a brook, taking its rise in the
high lands above, runs rapidly down to this cove and is here
dammed across, forming a mill pond, from which the water is
obtained for the nursery.
The privilege consists of a sufficient area of land for
building purposes, and reservoir for salmon, and is held by
deed. Several other points in the neighborhoods of North
and South Sydney were examined by me. I was very materially aided by the voluntary kindness of Messrs. McDonald and
McLeod, the resident members of the Commons for that section of the Island of Cape Breton. "Whilst some other localities possessed certain conveniences, none combining so many
advantages for carrying on fish-breeding operations generaUy,
as the one selected at the town of Sydney.
After securing the necessary title to the property, pubhc
tenders were asked to erect the buildings; several were put
Mr. Hugh   McDonald's was chosen and the contract
awarded to him.     The   establishment,   with all  necessary
requirements for artificial salmon breeding has been fully com- 66
pleted and is now in full running order, with a fair complement
in the hatching room.
The dimensions of the building are the same as the one
at Magog and fitted up in hke manner. The lower flat for
the laying down of fish eggs, and the upper one for office and
resident caretaker.
At the narrow head of the creek or cove a permanent
crib work of timber and stone has been built across it, which
forms a large reservoir for impounding the salmon; into this
pen the tidal water flows through a narrow gate-way, by
which any desired height can be regularly maintained ; into
this basin the salmon which may be captured by the net fisherman outside in the arm of the sea can be easily floated in
cribs or scows.
The reservoir with the other outside appliances for the
safe keeping of parent fish are close by, and exactly underneath the view from the windows of the hatchery, thus giving,
every security in the oversight of the fish, and economizing
expendtiure in not reguiring additional help in guarding them.
At the Indian House brook on the Bistigouche Biver,
the latest and most extensive salmon hatchery is "now under
erection, and well advanced towards completion. The dimensions of this building will exceed any other yet built, being
100 feet long by 36 wide, and one and a-half stories in height;
the lower flat will be arranged for the reception of troughs
and other necessary apparatus. The upper floor is intended
for offices, store rooms and residence for the caretaker. It
will have a hatching capacity of five to eight millions of eggs.
This site has hitherto been used as an auxilliary for keeping
parent fish and gathering ova for the hatchery at Dee Side,
but will now become the main nursery for the general requirements of this large and highly important salmon river.' The
Indian House brook, upon which the hatchery and dams are
now built, is amply supplied with pure limpid water, with
sufficient elevation to form ponds and other requirements for
hatching purposes. The material for the completion of the
work is now being procured under contract. This establishment will be put in proper working order for next season's
operations, i. e. 1882. 6",
Sir John A. Macdonald.—I had hoped on behalf of the
Government, to have laid before the House during the present
Session the state of the negotiations for a settlement of all
matters between British Columbia and Canada. These negotiations have been going on up to this time, but I am sorry
to say that we have not been able, so far, to bring down a
measure this Session. I may shortly, however, state the position in which this matter now stands, for the general information of the country. In order finally to settle all matters in
dispute between that Province and the Dominion which existed,
in fact, almost since the time of the Union—at aU events since
the expiration of two years afterwards—negotiations were entered into this winter, and Mr. Trutch, who has acted for the
Dominion as Government Agentj came specially here, after
having previously communicated with the Government of
British Columbia, in order to frame some arrangement by
which all these matters should be finally settled. The chief
cause of complaint in the Province of British Columbia was
the failure to carry out exactly, literally, the terms of Union
quoad the commencement of the Canadian Pacific Bailway
One of the terms of Union was that within two years the
Canadian Pacific Bailway should be commenced, and should
be finished within ten years. I will not trouble the House
with a re-statement of all the various circumstances which
caused the delay. It has been a source of irritation, and
annoyance very natural, in some respects in British' Columbia, that all the advantages of the expenditure on the construction and the use of the road after completion should be
lost by that Province. In order to settle that question it will
be remembered that whan the late Canadian Government was
in power they made a very vigorous effort to settle that question, and there was a proposition made to British Columbia
to give them $750,000 as a compensation for the non-performance of the contract. The House will remember how that
arrangement fell. Besides this question there was another
question—a money matter connected with the construction of
. a graving dock at Esquimalt. By the terms of Union, Canada became liable to a certain extent to assist that enterprise;
and the Legislature here, in order to meet the wishes of the 68
Government of British Columbia, went considerably further,
and instead of guaranteeing the interest as under the original
treaty, they agreed to advance the snm of $250,000, and the
British Admiralty agreed to give £50,000 sterling on the
completion of the graving dock. There are two questions to
be settled. Now, we consider it of the greatest importance
that for once and all time, these burning questions might be
allayed and the fire extinguished. It was therefore agreed,
that on getting a receipt in full from British Columbia, by
Act of the Legislature, that so getting a receipt for all claims
for non-performance ofthe conditions of building the railway
within a certain time, and for real or supposed obligation on
the part of Canada, against the Government as a Government, to construct the Island Bailway, that we should contribute to the construct'on of the Island Bailway the sum of
money offered by the late Government, $750,000. With regard to Esquimalt Graving Dock it was found that from a
variety of circumstances, that Avork was not successfully progressing. The financial state of affairs in British Columbia
was not encouraging, and the work was going on very slowly,
and consequently, with a great waste of money.; and it was
important that this work should be finished, and it is more
important now than ever, in view of the early construction of
the Canadian Pacific Bailway,. and the fact that the graving
dock most likely will be brought into active use. All this is,
of course, subject to the approval of Parliament. It has been
arranged that we should take the Esquimalt Graving Dock
off the hands ofthe British Columbia Government, and they
had expended $250,000 on the work, which we propose to repay them and complete the dock. The money subsidy therefore for these two objects will be $1,000,000, $750,000 in aid
of building the railway, and $250,000 as purchase money for
the graving dock. The subsidy for the construction of the
railway was to be given to an incorporated company, the
company to be composed of men of good credit, standing and
means, who should give security to the Dominion Government, and we propose that they should submit that security
and obtain an acknowledgement from the British Columbia.
Government, that the security is ample,—in other words that
the security should be satisfactory to both Governments,
In order further to enable the construction of that road the
British Columbia Government agree to transfer the lands
which had been reserved originally for the construction of the
road, to the Dominion Government, those lands being held 69
for the purpose of aiding additionally the construction of the
Island Bailway, and the Dominion Government would act in
regard to the Island Bailway as they had with, respect to the
Canadian Pacific Bailway, that is, as the work proceeded
land and money would be given in the proportion as was
given to the Canadian Pacific Bailway Company in the construction of that work. Then, as regards the land question,
the House will remember that the British Columbia members
agreed to the terms of Union, to reserve twenty miles of
land on each side of the Canadian Pacific Bailway from British Columbia on the mainland in order to aid in the construction of the railway now, it is provided in the terms of
Union that all existing ights, such as squatters' rights,
should be protected, so that the British Columbia Government could only give the Dominion Government twenty
miles on each side of the railway which was in their
power to give, and the Act of Union provided that any
deficiency for that reason in the lands lying on each side of
the railway, should be made up by lands contiguous to this
railway belt. The railway runs in the vicinity of the Fraser
Biver; there, is not a wide valley there, and twenty miles on
each side of the railway would include a large* portion of
mountain of no value for agricultural or other purposes, and
of the valley itself, a large pcjrtion has been already appropriated for other purposes, by other parties, under such various titles or otherwise, as not to render it available for a
land grant for building a railway. In order to make up the
deficiency, and render it an inducement for the Dominion
Government to enter this arrangement, and take the graving
dock off the hands of the British Columbia Government, it
was agreed to supplement the land grant along the railway, by
conveying to the Dominion Government 3,500,000 acres in
the Peace Biver country, and contiguous to our own North-
West, that land to be located by the Dominion Government
in a rectangular block. There is reason to beheve that the
land is of good quality, and fit in every way for agricultural
purposes, but as the' land hes on the eastern slope of the
Bocky Mountains, far away from the main resources of British Columbia, it is of more value to us than to them. This is
a valuable grant to the Canadian Government, and is really
no sacrifice on the part of British Columbia, on account of
the remoteness of the land from the centres of trade and population. This seemed to the Government to be a satisfactory
arrangement in every respect; the Government thought so 70
then, and it thinks so now. The negotiations would have
gone on without a check, and the Government would have
taken the responsibility of asking Parliament, this Session,
to pass an Act confirming the arrangement. In order to
carry out this arrangement, the British Columbia Government, in good faith, submitted, late in their Session,
posal; it was late of necessity, because they were awaiting
the return of Mr. Trutch, after having concluded this
rangement, and it could not be proceeded with until he had
returned after completing the whole matter. I say that the
British Columbia Government introduced an. Act in good
faith, for the purpose of carrying out this arrangement.
They had passed an Act which we received by telegram a
very short time ago. On looking over that Act, however,
we found that by error—a very natural one—I suppose the
British Columbia Government, or the draughtsman of the
Bill, did not reflect, that in its terms it materially altered the
arrangement, because it provided, in fact, that the Dominion
Government should build the road, and in order to enable the
Dominion Government to do so, it passed an Act of incorpor
ation, to be brought into effect in a manner satisfactory to
the Canadian Government; and the Act itself says, that in
order to enable the Canadian Government to build the road,
it incorporates this company. »Now, it was no portion of the
agreement that the Canadian Government should build it.
We agreed, in fact, to see that the incorporated company
that should build it, should be a satisfactory company, and
give ample security. We pledged ourselves not to give a
charter to any body of capitalists or persons, who could not
give ample security, while we agreed to see that there was
such ample security given, and while we had money
in our hands, and the land in our hands only to be
given to the company as the work progressed, and
therefore there was no reasonable probability of the road
not being finished. Yet we have in no way pledged
the faith of the Canadian Government to the building of that
road. Now, although in, substance these appeared to be no
great difference in this matter, the Canadian Government
could not but reflect that the obligation to build the Island
Bailway had been solemnly repudiated by the Canadian
Parliament, and! we had to inform the British Columbia
authorities 'that we had no hopes—even if willing of successfully carrying such an obligation through the Canadian
Parliament—that we   should,   under   all the    circumstan- ces, pledge ourselves to build it as a Government work.
This is- the way in which that matter now stands. There
was another clause of the Bill which was also contrary to the agreement which has been entered into,
and which I fancy was inserted in the British Columbia
Bill under the idea that we would not object to it, and that
was that all the lands which had been appropriated in aid of
the building of the Island Bailway, except mineral lands,
should for the next four years be sold at the price of $1 an
acre. Now, as that grant of lands was to be in aid of the
construction of the road, and was to be given to the contractors as they built the road, we felt that we had no right to
diminish the value of the aid by making limited prices. That
was not part of the agreement. I believe that $1 an acre is
considered the normal price of land now in British Columbia,
and, therefore, it was supposed that we would not object to
it, and that the contractors to build the railway would not
object to it; but it remained to be seen whether the contractors would object to it or not; and we had to inform the
British Columbia Government that without the assent of the
company who were to get this aid we could not agree to fix a
maximum price. There is, of course, matter of regret that
this difference between the Act which was passed in British'
Columbia and the agreement recently made 'between the two
Governments, has prevented us coming here now to ask the
Canadian Parhament to supplement this agreement and confirm it, but I do not believe there will be any dead lock in the
matter. Still, it is the cause of some httle delay. The British Columbia, Legislature consists of twenty-five members.
They have recently prorogued, and it will be some personal
inconvenience to the representatives in the Legislature to reassemble; but I have no doubt that they will re-assemble
within a reasonable time for the purpose of amending
their Act so as to make it in conformity with the agreement which was recently entered into between the Governments. That once done, we will take the responsibility of
making all kinds of provisional arrangements for the incorporation of the company and for taking security, so that
when our Legislature meets next winter, the Government will
be able to submit a measure confirming the agreement so
made. There will practically be httle, if any, delay, because
even if we had passed an Act this Session confirming^ the
legislation in British Columbia, we would have been obliged
then to look for a company, a body of men willing to accept 72-
the charter and undertake the construction of the road. That
company would have to have been organized ; its capital subscribed ; its first instalment, or the first call, paid up under
our general railway system, and then that company would
have been obliged", after being fully organised, to organise
their staff before they could commence the construction of
the railway, before they could turn a sod; so that it Would
absorb nearly all this summer before that could be done. Little
time will be lost, because we will, in the the meantime, proceed as if to a certain extent a measure had been passed here.
I have no doubt that we will be able to get a company of
capitahsts who will undertake the work, subject of course, to
the approval of the Parhament here. They will be satisfied
with the assurance that the Canadian Government will do
what they can to carry that measure next Session in this
Parhament, so that I think, practically, there will be little or
no delay. And then another question which is considered of
great importance in British Columbia, is the opening up of aU
the lands for settlement on the mainland on each side of the
railway now rapidly in course of construction. Immigration,
I am happy to say, is now flowing from the south into British
Columbia; immigration has gone in there this year, I believe
to a larger extent than has been the case for a good many
years; and these lands are sought for eagerly by intending settlers and by the navvies and persons employed in
the construction of the road, from Vale up to Kamloops,
on the Onderdonk contract. There need be no deadlock or
delay in that matter. The intention of the Canadian Government is to instruct Mr. Trutch to confer with the British
Columbia Government, to organise at once a land office for
the purpose of putting the lands on each side of the railway
into the market immediately, and to open them for settlement on hberal terms. It is part of the agreement- which is
to be carried out that the terms should be hberal. I presume
—I speak approximately—that the lands will be put into the
market at the nominal price there—say, $1 an acre, or thereabouts ; there can be no settlement as to the exact figure, as
a great portion of these lands have been squatted upon ; the
Canadian Government has also agreed that the squatter settlers on these lands shall have a prior right to them a* the
ordinary price of unimproved land. There will be no objection to the settlement on each side of the railway, in consequence of the postponement of the carrying out of the works
on the Island.    These are the circumstances, and I thought it
HH 73
right to mention to the House, for the information of the pubhc, the facts exactly as they are. I could not do it earlier,
because telegraphic messages have been going on—until yesterday I may say—between the two Governments and between
our agent, Mr. Trutch, and myself. These are the facts, and
I de'sire them to go to the pubhc, so that the pubhc will be
fully advised as to the responsibilities the Canadian Government have undertaken under this arrangement, and that the
country may have an opportunity of considering them
between now and next session.
Under the terms of the contract entered into in 1881 with
the Canadian Pacific Bailway Company, the Government
have undertaken to construct the line, between—Prince
Arthur's Landing on Lake Superior, and Bed Biver ;—and
between Savona's Ferry, at the foot of Lake Kamloops, and
Port Moody, in British Columbia ; and the Company, on their
part, have undertaken to . construct, within a specified time,
the line between Callander Station, their eastern terminus at
the east end of Lake Nipissing, and Prince Arthur's Landing;
also, between Bed Biver and Savona's Ferry; the whole line
to be the property of the company, and to be maintained and
operated by the said company.
The following distances are calculated oh a route running
thro ugh the City of Winnipeg and by the Kicking Horse Pass,
if approved :
1. From Callander (120 miles west from Pembroke, to
Prince Arthur's Landing, an estimated distance of           650
2. From Prince Arthur's Landing to Winnipeg         433
3. From Winnipeg, via Kicking Horse Pass to Sa
vona's Ferry (at the foot of Kamloops Lake)
an estimated distance of        1,259
5. From Savona's Ferry to Port Moody             215
Approximate length of the trunk line between Callander and Port Moody on the Pacific      2,557 74
In addition to the line of the Canada Central Bailway
between Ottawa and Callander, a distance of 228 miles, which
was acquired last year by the Canadian Pacific Bailway
Company, they have now purchased and operate the portion
of the line of the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental
Bailway between Ottawa and Montreal, a distance of* 119
miles ; being an addition of 347 miles incorporated into their
main line system, making the total approximate distance between Montreal and Port Moody, 2,904 miles.
The section of road, 120 miles, between Pembroke and
Callander for the construction of which the Canada Central
Bailway was subsidized by the Government to the extent of
$12,000 a mile, is nearly completed, only a small amount of ballasting, filling, ete., remaining to be done. The road for a
distance of 94 miles" between Pembroke and Mattawa is under traffic, and the remainder is in use for the transport of
materials and supplies for the construction of the line west
from Callander.
Of the works in British Columbia, between Savona's
Ferry and Port Moody, 215 miles, the subsection between Port
Moody and Emory's Bar, 85^ miles, has been placed under
contract, and the works, commenced in the spring of 1882,
are being vigorously prosecuted. The contractors for the
remaining distance have so far advanced as to have over 22
miles of track laid from Emory's Bar, east, comprising some
ofthe heaviest work yet done on the railway.
The iron bridge superstructure to span the Fraser Biver
near Lytton is now being manufactured.
In comphance with a request preferred'by the Provi[L-
cial Government of British Columbia, that a survey should be
made with a view to ascertain the feasibility and cost of a
canal to connect Lake Okanagan with the waters of Lake
Shuswap, an examination of the district in question has been
ordered and is in progress. 75
This important work was brought to a conclusion on the
22nd August, 1881, and after a careful survey had been made
by which it was determined that there were no projecting
points of rock within 12 feet 6 inches of low water, level
spring tides. The barges, caisson and other plant were removed and stored. There is now a depth of 12 feet 6 inches
of water at low water, spring tides, over the whole site of the
This work consisting of a bulkhead along the foreshore
of Victoria Harbour in front of the Marine Hospital, with
landing stage and steps, together with an extension ofthe
verandah, a new brick tank and sundry minor repairs was
performed by Messrs. Smith and Clark, contractors of this
place, for the sum of $1,163 in a satisfactory manner.
The work done on this building has, probably, put it in
as efficient and stable condition as practicable. This work
consisted in altering the internal arrangements to accommodate the Savings Bank and Telegraph Office, building new
vaults, water-closets and vestibules, and in lengthening the
stairway, painting and kalsomining the inside walls, and rendering, with Portland cement mortar, the rear and side walls of
the main building and vaults, and paving the backyard. This
work was performed satisfactorily under contracts—for the
greater part—by Messrs. Charles Hayward, and Smith & Clark,
contractors of this place, the expenditure amounting in the
. aggregate to $4,279.25.
Operations with the object of improving Victoria Harbor by dredging were commenced on the 19th of January
last, after the dredge and other vessels _ had been put in
thorough repair—under the direct superintendence of Mr.
Bobert Dexter.
Acting on representations made by the Board of Trade
of this Citv, that the harbor along the front of the wharves 76
had to some extent filled in, the Hon J. W. Trutch directed
the Superintendent .to dredge from a point south of the proposed site of the Custom House wharf to Johnson Street,
for a width of 50feet and to a depth giving 14 feet at low water
spring tides. After dreding in this locality until the end of
April, he became fully satisfied from personal observation
and from the reports of the Superintendent, that the harbor
had not filled in to any appreciable extent from tidal effects
or from sewage or street scourings, but only from the result
of carelessness of persons unloading coal. In consideration
of this fact and of the high rate of the cost or the work, and
that it was found impossible to obtain the desired depth of
water thioughout this portion of the harbor on account of
rock cropping up in several places, causing frequent injury
to the dredge and consequent expense, he decided to discontinue operations here and send the dredge to resume works
on the spit off Shoal Point, at the entrance to the harbor,
which was accordingly done, on the 1st of May, and this
work continued until the close of the fiscal year 1881-82.
On resuming operations at Shoal Point, the Superintendent was directed to turn his attention principally to cutting a channel to a depth of 14 feet, at ordinary low water
spring tides, through the spit which extends about 450 feet
from the point. Bock having been struck in several places
in the line of this proposed channel before the required
depth was reached, it was thought advisable to dredge outside, that is, to the northward, of these rocks, and inside of
the former site of the old Beacon or Buoy No. 2, thus affording to large vessels a better sweep when approaching "Dredger
Bock." b *
A statement was prepared by Mr. F. C. Gamble, Assistant Engineer, showing the work performed by the dredge
between the 19th January and 30th June aud the cost thereof.
This statement shows (firstly) the total quantity of material,
dredged along the wharf front, to be about 11,808 cubic
yards of stiff blue clay, mud, sand and coal at an expenditure
of $4,988.88 or at a cost per cubic yard of about 42£ cents
not including repairs; and. (secondly) the total quantity removed at Shoal Point from 1st May to 30th June to be 10,-
548 cubic yards at an expenditure of $2,470.84, or at a cost
per cubic yard of about 23£ cents, not including repairs.
Since the 30th June, operations have been continued at Shoal
Point with still more satisfactory results. 77
From the foregoing it will appear that from the 19th
of January to the 30th of June the amount expended on
dredging was $7,459.72 which together with the amount expended on "Bepairs to Dredge vessels," viz : $3,372.98 makes
a grand total expenditure on this service of $10,832.70.
Victoria & Esquimalt—Dues coUected from vessels. $6,667 24
Certificate Fees      210 00
Examination Fees        20 00
SurvevFees            30 00
District Expenses      899 99
Paid to Pilots  6,000 52
Yale and New Westr.—Dues collected from vessels.  5,204 50
District Expenses      323 00
Paid to Phots   4,684 05
Nanaimo—Dues collected from vessels   9,975 75
"'        Pilotage Licenses      135. 0C
| Examination Fees       25. 00
District Expenses   1,090 49
Paid to Pilots   8,955 99
The foregoing are from Beturns to the 31st Dec, 1881.
Victoria & Esquimalt—Dues collected from vessels. $9,477 98
British Vessels  2,578 85
Foreign Vessels  6,899 13
Certificate Fees  200 00-
|                **             Examination Fees  20 00
Survey Fees  20 00
District Expenses  1,138 43
Paid to Pilots  8,530 17
To 31st December, 1882, shewing an increase of about 30
per cent, compared with last year, attributable mainly to the
increase of shipping*from China and Japan, but partly to the
fact that the Puget Sound Pilotage Act has been abolished,
which enabled British Columbia pilots to pilot vessels from
Cape Flattery to Port Townsend.


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