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Vancouver, B.C., the pacific coast terminus of the C.P.R. : the largest single line of railway in the… 1887

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—THE —
Pacific Coast Terminus of the C.F.R.
Single Line of Railway in the "World, and
Truly Transcontinental  Railway of America.
Further .particulars fttrnished on application.    Correspondence solicited.
Real  Estate,  Financial and  Insurance Agents,
(9 5 0  Acres)
+ 73'above H.WM-
For the information and perusal of the thousands who are preparing
to go to the Pacific Coast, the capitalists and others who are contemplating a change to better their circumstances, the sportsmen and those
seeking health, we submit the following brief outline of facts relative to
the City of Vancouver, British Columbia, which are gathered from personal observation and enquiry, and other reliable sources:
Vancouver is the western terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway,
the longest single line of railway in the world, and the only truly transcontinental line in America. It is only on this Road, as you approach
the Rocky Mountains from the East, that your conception of their grandeur is fully realized, as from Gleichen westerly they stand out in bold
relief, rising from the plain, "tooth-edged" and "snow-capped." You
plunge into the mountains at once through the far-famed beautiful valley
of the Bow River, past Anthracite, named after the coal which is being
mined in the neighborhood, past Cascade Mountain, through the Canadian National Park, consisting of 260 square miles, and in which are
situated the celebrated Banff Hot Springs, where the C.P.R. Co. have
erected a magnificent hotel, which will accommodate 250 guests. Past
Mounts Castle, Lefroy, Cathedral and Stephen, the latter two especially
being indescribable in their grandeur, down the valley of the Kicking
Horse River, which has to be seen to be appreciated, thence north along
the valley of the Columbia some distance, when a pluuge is again made
into the Mountains, this time the SelMrks, even bolder and grander than
the Rockies, up the valleys of the Beaver River and Bear Creek, past
Mounts Tupper (Hermit), Macdonald (Carroll), and Sir Donald (Syndicate Peak), to the hotel at the foot of the Glacier, in which the service
and appointments are unsurpassed, if equalled, as is the case in the
three hotels—viz., at Field, Glacier and North Bend, all erected in the
style of the Swiss chalet. The view here is perhaps the grandest and
most sublime that could be had from any spot on any railway in the
world. Then around a series of wonderful curves or loops past Ross Peak.
The following are the heights of the mountains:
Sea Level.
Mount Stephen	
After passing Ross Peak you go down the Illecillewait River, all
along which rich quartz leads have been found, then past Albert canyon,
a wonderful production of nature, to the valley of the Columbia again,—
the second crossing. You ascend now through the gold range, not so
grand as either the Rockies or the Selkirks, but possessing beautiful
features of its own in Lakes Summit, Victor, Three Valley and Griffin,
to the great Shuswap Lake, the home of the sportsman, which, owing
to its wonderful contour, surpasses in beauty the far-famed Lake Pend
d'Oreille, on the Northern Pacific Railway. Down the lovely valley of
fthe Thompson, with its clear beautiful water and perfect forest, mountain, and cloud reflections, along with the shrubbery and coloured rocks,
producing remarkable scenic effects,to the junction of the Fraser River.
Across the Cantilever bridge, down the wonderful canyons of this gold-
sanded river, through tunnel after tunnel, and over trestle work, with
the maddened waters surging beneath. Now, thoroughly awe-stricken,
you hold your breath in viewing this, one of the greatest rock-rents of
nature. " The scene is fascinating in its terror, and we leave it gladly,
yet regretfully." For thirty-six hours in comfort, yea, luxury, you have
been passing the greatest of the world's panoramas, ever changing and
never tiring; and now you fall back in your seat and cry "enough,"
delighted that you have entered the rich lower valley of the Fraser. You
pass Agassiz station, where passengers get off for the celebrated Harrison
Hot Springs, and in a few hours gaze on salt water. Burrard Inlet is
reached, and "Vancouver" is called, where the passenger either stays
or transfers for Victoria, Seattle, Tacoma, Portland, San Francisco, New
Zealand, Australia, Yokohama or Hong Kong.
The position of Vancouver on the Pacific Coast is, in Canada, similar
to that of San Francisco, in the United States, and its rapid growth
should also be similar, thus making it in the not distant future the
second city on the Pacific Coast of America.
The site of Vancouver was chosen by the far-seeing and energetic
management of the C.P.R. Co. as their western terminus, on account of
its magnificent location, being one of the finest natural town sites in
the world. The main harbour is on the north side of the city, nearly
three miles wide, with mountains on the north for protection, with a
narrow entrance, yet easy to navigate by the largest ocean craft. It is
sheltered at all times from high winds, and thus vessels are always safe
in their berths, making it one of the best harbours in the world. English Bay, on the west side of the city, is a large, open roadstead, with
excellent anchorage, and by erecting a breakwater a good harbour can
be made of it. From this, in an easterly direction, runs False Creek,
dividing the city in two, and here is more harbour accommodation,
which can be largely increased and improved by dredging. The main
portion of the city is a peninsula, having Coal Harbour on the north,
False Creek on the south and English Bay on the West, as can be seen
on the map inside. By reference to this plan, the shape and mode of
laying out the streets will be seen, as also the location of some of the
more important buildings and places.
The surface of the ground is gently undulating, and slopes towards
the water on all sides, thus affording an excellent opportunity for
thorough systems of drainage and sewage.
On the 1st of March, 1886, there was only one struggling street
along the waterfront, as shown in view herewith, and the town site was
an unbroken forest, the clearing of which at once began at a cost of $300
per acre, and rapid progress was made, building going on all the while.
On April 6th, 1886, the city was incorporated, a Mayor and Alderman
being duly elected. Mr. M. A. McLean was chosen the first Mayor.
On 6th May following the C.P.R. Co. first put their property on the
market, which was eagerly sought for. Great improvements were made
.during the next two months, but which were nearly all obliterated by
COBDOVA STKEET.—Makch, 1886.
4  the fire of the 13th of June following, which swept all the houses hut |
two or three out of existence. All suffered great loss, and many were |
made penniless, but the citizens were equal to the occasion, and by four
o'clock the following morning lumber was being hauled for the re-building of, and the motto "nil desperandum" was adopted, with A
result never previously surpassed, if ever equalled, in any city on the
continent, when we consider the growth, as well as the substantia] character of the improvements.
The electric light company have their works in full operation, and
it is being used on the streets, in hotels, shops and private hous*
Vancouver Gas Company have also constructed their works at a cost of
$60,000, and laid down pipes in all the leading streets, and this light is
being largely used.   There is also a complete telephone system extending over the city.   The Capilano "Water "Works Company are completing their works at a cost of $250,000, and water will be turned on by
August 1st of this year.   The city will be furnished by the finest water in
the world—clear, soft and cold, free from  any animal, vegetable
mineral impurities, while with it the head secured water can be th
100 feet over the highest buildings, thus minimizing all danger
future fires.
All of the above is the work of private enterprise, thus showing the
unbounded faith the citizens and capitalists have in the city's future.
The city has graded 18 miles of street, planked some and gravelled
others, and 24 miles of sidewalk constructed, and all done in a very substantial manner. A separate system of sewerage has also been constructed in the business portion of the city, including altogether 16,127
feet, besides 357 feet of cast-iron pipe laid out in harbour and connected
with the sewers in length. All of the above has been done in a city hewn
out of the forest and not yet two years old. The total debt of the city is
$190,000, and the population, January, 1888, was 6,085; now, May
1st, 8,000. The assessment of real property is $3,471,245. The city
have quite recently issued debentures to the extent of $150,000, bearing
6 per cent, interest, further substantial improvements, and they
were sold at 104, showing the faith English capitalists have in our
future growth.
Among the important buildings erected, or in course of construction,
by private capitalists are the following, wood-cuts of which appear here
with:-—"Wilson's brick block, Cordova street; Lady Stephens' brick
block (granite front), Hastings street; Van Home's granite block;
The New York block, granite front; Lord Durham's brick block; also
Lord Elphinston's block ; Sir Donald Smith's block, all on Granville
street; and Springer and Van Brenear block on Hastings street. The
C.P.R. Co. have erected a magnificent hotel at a cost, when furnished,
of Tfver $200,000. Every room in the building is lighted by electric light.
In its appointments it will not be surpassed by any hotel in Canada, and
is now opened with an experienced manager and full staff, the manager
being Mr. E. M. Mathews, assisted by Mr. H. S. Dunning, both from
the Windsor Hotel, Montreal, which should be a sufficient guarantee
that the " Hotel Vancouver" will be unsurpassed, and the company
intends that it's reputation shall be established throughout the world;
a view of the hotel appears herewith. Some very fine suburban residences have been built, Queen Anne and other handsome designs being
The C.P.R. Co. have constructed 1,500 feet of wharfage on Burrard
Inlet, with ample freight sheds on same'. Anotherl,000 feet of wharfage,
owing to the demand through increased trade, is being constructed at
present. $20,000 were voted by our citizens for a drive around the Park,
which, being a military reserve, was granted to the city by the" Dominion Government for parbvpurposes. It consists of 950 acres. The
drives have been constructed this past winter, and are now ready for
use. This is one of the finest natural parks in the world. The visitor,
besides enjoying the scenery, consisting of mountain and sea views, along
the drive, which, from the C.P.R. hotel will consist of 10 miles, 7 miles
Of which are around the park proper ; can enjoy the luxury of sea-bathing on the beautiful clear sand beach on English Bay.
In the almost immediate neighbourhood, the sportsman, whether a
lover of the rod or gun, can secure all that his heart can desire, and the
yachtsman, in the various inlets and sounds along the coast, almost
I adjoining, can sail or steam for weeks, thoroughly sheltered, and enjoy
magnificent scenery at the same time.
During the year 1887, hundreds of dwelling houses were erected in
all parts of the city, costing from $800 to $10,000 each. In the business portion of the city, solid brick blocks, from two to four stories high,
and some of them with granite fronts, were erected, all substantial in
character. During this present season more of this class of buildings
will be erected than during the year 1887, and, in future, hardly any
business blocks will be erected less than three stories high.    A by-law
was passed by the City Council placing the fire limit over the who]
the business portion of the city, so that, in the future, nothing but b
or stone will be used in the construction of business blocks.    There are '■
two steam fire engines and two volunteer companies.  A large school house .
was erected in 1887 ; another one is now being erected, and there will
shortly be a demand for more.   A general hospital, of a substantial.(
> j?
character, has been erected in a convenient part of the city.   It is
worthy of note thatfiearly all these buildings have been erected wi
the aid of borrowed capital, a very small percentage indeed, in feet 1
than ten per cent. o£\the parties erecting these buildings have required
i,   to borrow money upon'the same, there not being a single loan compan
*    doing business iirthe city, and no persons loaning money out on mort
; 9  gages as their regular business, so that these substantial improvements
are the natural results of capital in the place and the faith that the
citizens have in its future. The total value of buildings erected in 1887
was over $1,000,000. The following banks have branches established
in the city: The Bank of Montreal, with a capital $12,000,000 ; Bank
of British Columbia, capital, $2,433,333; Bank of British North'
America, capital $4,866,666.
The following denominations are represented by churches and regular pastors, viz. : Roman Catholic,. English Church, Presbyterian,
Methodist, Congregational and Baptist. The first-named are now preparing to erect a church at a cost of $100,000, and the Presbyterian
and English Churches are each taking steps for the erection of a second
church, the growth of the city demanding it. The various national.
societies are also organized here and in full force, so that the destitute, I
if any, or the unfortunate of any nation, are looked after by the various
societies. The Masons, Oddfellows and Knights of Labor have also their
organizations in full running order.
Lots in the city are of various sizes, some being 25x120, others
I 150x120 feet, while others are 66x132 feet, all having lanes in the rear.
Residence lots sell from $100 to $1,000 each, depending upon size
and location.
Business property sells from $100 to $250 a foot frontage, depending
entirely upon their position.
The San Francisco Journal of Com-merce, of January, 1888, though
written October, '87, thus describes Vancouver:—
"Approaching Vancouver by water we presently pass through the I
'," Narrows" and enter at once the magnificent harbor of " Burrard
fcnlet," the most perfect shelter that Father Neptune ever planned.
Towards our left we view the craggy peaks and broken outline of the j
distant Coast Range, with the foothills extending downward to the!
water's edge, and on our right the shaded groves and cool retreats of
the Government Reservation, destined for many a " lovers' walk" of:
I the future, for here is the site of the new park.
The evening of our entry to the harbor was beyond description.'
It seemed as if fair Hesperis had decked herself in all her brightest
gems and soft, rich-tinted velvets to bid ion soir to Atlas, her retiring
lord, and as we turned the point and passed beyond the " Narrows,'1
the setting sun now casts each stretch of valley into misty shade, now
lights the mountain slopes and distant crags with color stolen from
some wood nymph's cheek. In front the eye still travels onward down
the inlet through the " Second Narrows " and on, and on, from golden
points to glistening islets, and thus and thus till the warm evening
purple of the middle distance merges in the mist and both are lost in
the cold grey of the shadowy range beyond.
Turning towards the South, we notice an extensive clearing on a
gentle slope towards the water front, with busy streets and imposing
buildings, stretching away* for nearly two miles along the shore. 11 is
well nigh impossible to believe that this is the infant city of Vancouver
—a growth of a year.
" Ah!" cries Pencils, as the good ship Yosemite drew near her
moorings, " do you see that hotel on the rising ground, right here close
to the wharf and depot ? That is certainly where we ought to stay
whilst in town.   Just see what
we shall get from the verandas."
" You've just dined! "Well, come out with us then on the veranda
and smoke a cigar. Stretch yourself at full length on that bamboo
chair, throw your leg over that elongated arm ; that's right; now what
have you got to say about it 1 Isn't that a magnificent view over the
bay? Itis two miles across. You would scarcely think so, would
you ? Those foothills are ten miles off, whilst the distant peaks, yon
see almost due north, we are told are over forty miles away as the crow
flies. Those white specks you see over the water are the houses of the
Indian mission. You may just distinguish the spire of the church ;
some distance to the right you see the MoodyviUe settlement; here i
the largest sawmill in the province. On this side of the bay, there'tc
the right where you see those fine ships lying at anchor, is the " Hastings " Sawmill. Right here below you is the C. P. R. wharf. Yon
can just distinguish the smoke stack and masts of the '' Port Victo
lying there, one of the "liners" between this port and Japan. '
line of boats, you will remember, has been just established and has been
granted a subsidy from the British Government of ^45,000 per annum
and increased by the Canadian Government to $300,000.
-Just this side of the wharf yon may notice an engine and some
freight cars; well, there is the depot of the Canadian Pacific Railway, |
the gigantic enterprise just completed, connecting East and "West, the
Atlantic with Pacific.   It cost $200,000,000 to enable the engine to
reach this town ; nice little bill, isn't it ?
One of the first things that strikes a stranger, especially if he hails
from San Francisco, is the methodical,  business-like, large-heart
manner in which the
have been formed and graded;    During the past year some  tw^l1
miles of streets and twenty-nine miles of sidewalk have been graded
and planked at an expense of some $15,000.    Out of pure chaos
slopes, and banks, and holes, and dips, covered with enormous tn
and massive stumps, have grown smoothly-paved roads and sidewalks,
all on proper levels and easy gradients, in many places necessitating !
fill" of from 8 to 10 feet.   The sideways,  temporarily thrust ii
peculiar prominence, look like so many elevated trestle bridges, cross
ing the city in every direction.   The roads are gradually graded up
these sidewalks, the houses and stores are built on either side the road,
following the same settled grade, and every one knows at once what his
ground floor level will be, and will continue to he, after the building is
erected.    It is impossible to estimate the enormous trouble and future
expense the city has been saved by the far-sighted, business-like, broad-
minded policy displayed by the ruling spirits in the City Council in
this and other kindred matters relating to the future welfare of this cil
It is difficult to give our readers any just idea of the way this city
been treated in this repect.   "We desired Pencils to give a rough skel
of a bit of the grading work to supplement our remarks, and to give a
more vivid idea of the work accomplished here.   This sketch, wl
we give below, shows some of the graded trestle sidewalks, men at work
filling up the roadway, and houses built or in course of erection to meet
the same grade.   In a few weeks this street will be all completed, built
in on either side, and no one will any longer recognize that the s:
walk was once a trestle bridge and the roadway and houses built i
meet it.
Besides $125,000 spent on the roads, they have spent anothe
$25,000 in perfecting the sewers, which, before this paper goes to j
will doubtless be finished. This special expenditure has been covered
by a loan of $160,000 at six per cent, for a period of 40 years. The
loan was plaJed right away at 98. Besides the time and money saved
by completiig these works in an organized systematic manner, the
amount of the loan has been recouped over and over again already, by
the increased value that such expenditure alone has placed upon the
ready graded building frontages thus created.
It just makes a 'Friscan's mouth water when he compares the
business men of this infant Vancouver with the poor, dollar-limit fossils
of San Francisco, where they boast of having no debt, as if it were a
credit to the place not to issue municipal bonds while the roads and
pathways are a disgrace to civilization, and the City Hall is a standing
monument to incapacity and jobbery as year after year it thrusts its
tattered wings before the public gaze.
As you approach Vancouver from New Westminster by road,the size
and importance of the new-born city is particularly observable. From
the rising ground whence the last mentioned sketch was made, your
line of vision takes in the bridge over False Creek, just below you,
while beyond to the right you catch sight of the harbor, and to the left
a glimpse of English Bay.
Spreadingin every direction on the peninsula formed by these several
waters are the houses and stores, the mills and workshops that go to
make up the city of Vancouver. You can scarcely credit that a few
short months ago the whole of this peninsula was one vast mass of
gigantic timber and tangled forest.
As we stand here on the Westminster road and view the city lying
]on the peninsula beyond we would have you bear in mind that on  
June 13th, 1886, the great fire made a clean sweep of everything—two
houses alone escaping—and that every building you see in the distance
before you has been erected in the interval. Again, do not imagine
that those distant buildings are all flimsy wooden shanties—many of
them are
Some built of hard cut granite, others of brick, others of cement, and
that even when of wood many of them are of considerable architectural
importance. The following table, which gives not merely the cost, but
shows also the material of which each building is constructed, demonstrates better than anything, perhaps, the amount of energy that has
been displayed here in this short time.
Such, then, is the general appearance of Vancouver and its surroundings to-day (September 1887). What it will be this time next year, it
is impossible to say, so rapidly is it growing.
"If I had invested a hundred dollars, sir, in San Francisco in the
*early days' and hung on till now, I'd have been worth my million.
Just think of it! " Point out the man on the coast who his not heard
some 'Friscan complaining of his luck somewhat as above.
In Chicago you will meet with the same weeping and wailing and
gnashing of teeth, and so indeed in the vicinity of auy of our rapidly
growing cities. Perhaps nothing strikes a visitor from the old c ountry
so forcibly as the fabulous growth of our centers of industry.
On this continent we have become familiarized with the sudden
springing into existence of almost ready-made towns. We pass
over the rolling prairies or beat our way through the tangled forest and
ou our return a few months later, houses have replaced the trees, whilst
streets and cable cars monopolize the prairi», and it is thought beneath
-pur dignity to give expression even to an exclamation of surprise. If
we could only know before hand the winning horse at the approaching
Derby, or the lucky number of the Louisiana Lottery, what a snug
little fortune we might make, and so with the cities that spring themselves upon us as if by magic on this continent of ours. If we could
only get the "straight tip" as to what city would secure the popular
favor; what spot on the prairie ; what tangled mass* in the forest would
. forthwith blossom and bud with bouses and stores and busy industries,
how easy it would be to become a millionaire I
Rarely do *' coming events cast their shadows before " with the
same marked outline as in this infant City of Vancouver, and yet will
history repeat itself. Many will be the lamentations in a few years to
come about the " golden opportunity lost."
"When Hastings street is connected with Hastings by cable-car,
when Granville street has become the "Market street," extending to
English bay and taps the agricultural district beyond ; when Cordova
street gives place to wholesale stores, and Water street and the whole of
I the level ground of the hollow and along the line, become monopolized
by shippers and merchants; when smelters and foundries, shipyards
and factories, and the grimy homes of steel and iron, coal and coke
fringe the magnificent stretch of waterfront; when the whole peninsula
is covered with bricks and mortar, the town extending along the Westminster road, and the busy ferries taking the surplus population to the
second Oakland across the bay, then shall we hear the same groans in
the streets of Vancouver, the same striking upon the thigh, as in our
own city of 'Frisco to day: " Oh ! that I had given any price in the
'early days' to have bought the lots where now stands that factory,
that smelter, that warehouse or the like." " Just to think that I might
have owned half Market (Granville) street, or the whole of Kearny
(Powell) street: If I had only looked a little ahead, and studied a bit
the signs of the times." These and such like regrets will follow with
the same certainty as will the rapid development of the city.
" We know of no place where
are, .or ever have been, so clearly marked as in this, same city of Vancouver.    Let us summarize a few of them :— *      *
1. Here is just now completed the end (or the beginning, which
you please,) of the mainland portion of a line that circles the globe.
2. Here is the spot that men of unsurpassed energy, pluck, perseverance, skill, money, forethought and indomitable will, have spent
$200,000,000 to reach!
3. Here is a port, whilst yet in its infancy, that holds the backing and support, not merely of the Dominion and her strongest and
most capable men, but also of her mother country—a country at once
the wealthiest and most powerful of the world.
4. Here is the first mainland touching point by water with her
rich sister colonies of Australia, and the wealth of the Indies ; whilst,
ou the other hand, here is the last house of call, so to speak, on the
mainland, at the end of a line traversing a country larger in area than
the United States. These lines of travel, moreover, being deemed of
sufficient importance already to secure a special and substantial subsidy
from Great Britain.
5. Here, also, is the most perfect harbour the world can show, entirely protected at every point, and capable of affording shelter to the
largest fleet aud the biggest ships of any navy of modern times.
6. Here coal and iron, both of the first quality, go hand in hand,
a similar cause alone accounting for the secret of England's greatness
to-day. England is the workshop of the world, and who shall say that
similar causes will not shorly mike Vancouver the workshop of the
Pacific slope ?
7. Here is the most charming climate of the world, and the
ground-work for one of the most picturesque residential quarters that
Dame Nature could bestow.
8. Whilst not only does coal, iron and lumber lie at her very
threshold, and rich minerals within her province only awaiting short
branches from the new trunk line for their development, but the food
supply for her own requirements is practically inexhaustible. The finest
salmon may be bought at your door tor a cent a pound, and the islands
aud delta of the Fraser river, under 5 miles distant, supply some hundreds of thousands of acres of the finest agricultural land in the world,
being an accumulation of the washings of the mountains.
These are a few of the thoughts that will occur to any businessman
as he contemplates this infant city, but the list might be continued
almost without end."
•  We can thoroughly sympathize with those
enterprising men, who, in spite of all opposition, have carried this city
through all its municipal difficulties with a display of forethought,
judgment, and breadth of ideas that have not only produced results
unique in themselves, but that have, moreover, left such an impress
upon their work that the careful observer cannot full to recognize in this
city an infant prodigy destined for great things.
Perhaps it is scarcely fair to criticise at all a Board that has
accomplished so much and done its work so well. When we consider
that in March, 1886, the whole of this town site and peninsula was one
mass of forest, crowded with trees of enormous size, some as much as
eight to ten feet in diameter and S00 feet high, that now some 1000
acres are cleared at an average cost of $250 or more an acre ; that the
city in the like interval has grown from practically nothing to 5000
inhabitants. That some twelve miles of roadway and twenty miles of
sidewalks have been graded and planked; that sewers have been constructed at a cost of §25,000 ; that water schemes have been discussed
and settled; fire limits and laws established ; a Board of Trade
inaugurated; hospital established, and all the work that these and
similar matters entail, we say when we consider all this and the short
time in which all the work has been accomplished and the excellent way
in which everything has been done, we certainly think that the Mayor
and City Council have produced wonders and are deserving of the best
thanks, not merely of their city but of the province.
We have, however, by no means finished with the Mayor and
Council yet.    It goes without saying-that men of this calibre are too
to sit down tamely and let their city mould its own destinies at haphazard. Men who secure the grading of their streets in advance to the
extent and perfection that obtains in this city, men who hare the
courage to accomplish work of this kind in an infant city at an expenditure of §150,000, men who. have the capacity to carry such works
through with the same business forethought and farsighted policy as
these men have shown are not likely to let their city of the future starve
for want of enterprise and industries. An exemplification of this was
shown, while we were in the city, the council voting, and the citizens
by ballot confirming,
A GRANT OF $45,000.
15  Of this sum $20,000 was voted as the first instalment for their laying
out of the new park, which, when finished, will be one of the largest and
most magnificent in the world, and $25,000 as a bonus to encourage the
establishment of
When it is considered that ore from this province is at the present
time shipped all the way to Denver, Colorado, the important bearing
| that these new smelters will have upon the mining industry of British
; Columbia can scarcely be over-estimated.   How that the trunk railroad
is an accomplished fact, branch lines to every rich mining field will
follow, and follow as quickly as they can be formulated, when once the
hall begins to roll.     There is enough work already promised to keep a
smelter in full blast.
As a
moreover, of this stimulating effort, an iron foundry is already in the
field with a capital of $50,000, and other iron foundries, machine shops,
and the like, will speedily follow.
The Hospital also will cost $20,000, and there are, in addition,
several large private enterprises, such as gas, electric light and other
companies. The water compauy, also a private venture, is constructing
reservoirs, laying pipes, and otherwise completing the water system at
a cost of $280,000.
The reservoir is nine miles distant, across Burrard Inlet, at an
elevation of 430 feet. The water will be brought thence in pipes and
from its great pressure will throw a jet some 300 feet above the highest
part of the city, obviating all necessity for fire engines. There will
instead be hydrants at close intervals all over the city.
Now let us whisper a word of advice in the ears of our friends at a
distance. If you are desirous of settling'in British-Columbia, of investing in farms or lots, opening up any new enterprise, or what not, let us
urge you to place yourselves in the hands of those men who give best
; public proof of their enterprise and push.
I and interests who place their affairs in the hands of agents lacking any
particle of enterprise, have themselves to thank for what they consider
| their ill-luck. They are mostly on the spot aud ought to see at a glance
whether their property is rightly placed. Some agents for instance will
just " suck " a big estate for what it is worth, content merely to sit down
idly and take their fees as they come along. Others will be content to
take the lion's share of commissions whilst they let some minor agents
do the work, spend the money in advertising and developments, and
generally hunt up the buyers and  settlers.    And others  again will
. actually wish to retard a sale or to keep back the natural growth of a
country in order that they may "have it all." If landowners cannot
see through these narrow-minded, small-soulcd individuals, it is no
business of ours to open their eyes, but we do say to our friends and distant readers, correspond with and
! of, live and energetic men ; seek yourproperty, your city lot, your farm,
your enterprise, whatever it may be, where men of energy and push are
surrounding you ; be careful to settle on estates, or sections, or quarters
of a city where the owner, or agent, or ruling spirit is alive and wideawake and you will do wisely, though you pay twice the money for your
Among the more prominent real estate men in this city,
occupy very handsome new premises in the Lady Stephen's Block. The
building is of a very substantial character, constructed of massive
granite blocks.
Half the buildingis devoted to the use of the Postoffice, and Messrs.
Ross & Ceperley occupy the other half. It will be seen, therefore, that
they 'hold the fort' so far as position and locality are concerned.
Their office, moreover, is handsomely fitted and furnished, and the
whole surroundings at once inspire you with confidence in the solidity,
reliability, enterprise and capacity of the men who are conducting the
As we mentioned in another column, the city of Vancouver
for smelting works. In itself this may not be a very great thing, but
as an indication of the future it cannot be overestimated. In casting
in your lot with men of this calibre you may rest assured that your
interest will be secured, and that men of foresight, judgment and capacity will look ahead sufficiently for the protection, well-being and
prosperity of the community. And as with cities, so with property
owners, so with agents. Let us urge you again to cast in your lot with
those who give best proof that they are alive and wideawake.
From the bent of the foregoing remarks our readers, we trust, will
be able to follow us, therefore, when we say that there is an immense
difference between "booming" a place and calling legitimate attention
to its natural resources, and fostering their development.
British Columbia is certainly not booming. The rapid growth of
the cities, the increase in population, the vast and steady advance in
values, are
arising from recent exceptional circumstances in a country unprecedented for the wealth of its natural resources.
It would be strange indeed if a country so vast in its extent and so
fabulously rich in its minerals, its fish, its lumber and natural products
could be suddenly transported from the outer wilds to the center of one
of the main highways of the world, without being brought a little into
prominence or having its values somewhat revolutionized. We can
only say that were any section of California suddenly to receive one-
tenth of the cause for a "boom" as now exists in British Columbia,
values would go out of all recognition, properties would change hands
twenty times a week, and real estate offices would be besieged by lines
of people extending a quarter of a mile awaiting their turn, like the
crowd at a music store on a sale of Patti's tickets. The cautious
Britisher, however, will none of this. There is not the slightest particle
of " a boom," but the prices rise — rapidly rise and steadily rise—in
spite of everything."
This city is rapidly entering the lists with the other wonderful
growths on this Continent, and it will be as well, therefore, to compare
its present values with those of some of our remarkable cities that
a few short years ago could only show values equal to Vancouver of today.
Comparative prices of best retail business, wholesale aud second-
class retail business, and best and cheap residential properties, per foot
frontage, in the following cities:-—
'    l*ll"iness
Wholesale and
5         A
3    3
$6000   $4000
San Francisco..
St. Louis	
Los Angelos....
St. Paul	
Portland, Oregon
" From the above, it will be seen, therefore, if we are right in our
judgment as to the probable rapid growth of this city—and the public
can weigh well some of our reasons stated above for arriving at this conclusion—then, indeed, there is ample room yet for profitable investments as well as profitable enterprises; and our prophecy above, we
think, will be fulfilled; that in a very few years to come, groans will
be heard in the streets of Vancouver, and many a slap upon the thigh,
as people bewail the chance they missed by not investing in the early
The steamers of the route from Vancouver to Yokohama and Hong
Kong, and chartered by the C.P.R. Co., have carried of imports to Vancouver during the six months ending December 31st, 1887, 21,495,994
lbs., 30,000 bricks and 608 passengers. Of the freight, 17,004,817
lbs were tea. The exports during the same time were 6,857,792 lbs. and
369,948 feet of lumber, flour, cotton and electric light machinery, forming the principal part of the export freight. The passengers leaving
Vancouver by these steamers were 1048. The disbursements by these
steamers in Vancouver during the six months for labour, provisions,  
coal, etc., were $116,170.82. Nearly all of this sum is pure profit.
When the new steamers are put on and running fortnightly, the disbursements ou each trip will be about $15,000, which will be $400,000
per annum. Besides this, large sums of money will be left in the city
by the passengers arriving and departing.
In the money order department of the Post Office orders were issued
for seven months ending January 81st., 1888, $54,310.22, and during
the same time the returns from stamps sold were §5,449.17. For Jari-
| nary, 1888, alone, $1,068.69 were received, while during the whole of the
previous year, ending June 30th, 1887, the sales from stamps were under
$5,000, a good illustration of the rapid growth and development of the
The first train reached the city May 23rd, 1887, and the first steamer
from Hong Eong during the following month.
Vancouver was only made a separate Port in July, 1887, and the
following are the returns for the first six months :—
showing value of dutiable and free goods imported into port of Vancouver
during six months ending December 81st., 1887, and amount of duties
collected thereon :—
Value of dutiable goods     $97,787
Value of free goods       47,935
Duty collected       28,864.24
Tonnage of vessels arrived at this Port from sea.... 83,858 tons.
Tonnage of vessels arriving coastwise  127,479 tons.
Exports     204,644
Number of vessels taking lumber from this port.. 20
The steamer "Princess Louise," or "Yosemite," makes daily trips
between Victoria and Vancouver, carrying mails and passengers.
Steamer " Premier" makes semi-weekly trips between Vancouver,
\ New "Westminster, Seattle and Tacoma, calling at way ports. About once
. in three weeks one ofthe following steamers, viz.: "Parthia," "Abyssin-
| ia" or " Batavia" leave for Australia and Hong Kong.
"Weekly connection with San Francisco, Cal., is made by the Pacific
Coast Navigation Company's Steamers, " Umatilla" and " Mexico."
Five or six steamers ply along the Coast to leading points.
Eight stages run regularly every day between New Westminster and
The Ferry boat " Senator" makes several trips daily between
Moodyville, Hastings and Vancouver.
Lumber is exported largely to foreign markets, principally Australia,
China and South America.
The Hastings sawmill is situated on the shore of Coal Harbor, immediately at the terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The daily
capacity of this mill is from 50,000 to 70,000 feet, according to the style
| of lumber, and there are employed in and around the mill and logging
camps about 200 men, with a monthly pay roll of from $8,000 to
§12,000. The timber limits connected with the mill embrace about
20,000 acres, aud are estimated to contain 600,000,000 feet, board
measure, of lumber.   The mill's annual output is about 15,000,000 feet.
The mill site comprises some six acres of land, situated about twelve
hundred yards from the Canadian Pacific Railway wharves and station,
and the line of the C.P.R. is laid through its yard. The wharves can
accommodate five or six vessels at one time. In connection with the
mill is a store, with a separate wharf, mess-house, kitchen and dwellings
for employees.    Mr. R. Alexander is resident manager.
The Royal City Mills Company are amongst the largest employers
of labor in British Columbia. They own aud work two mills at New
Westminster, and one large steam sawmill at Vancouver, 66 ft. x 300
ft., having a daily capacity of 45,000 feet or 80,000, feet, and running
day and night. They have also a large sash and door factory, 50 X 120
feet. A shingle mill, capacity 35,000 daily. Warehouses, a boarding
house, 24 x 60 feet, and 25 houses for employees.    It has a water front
age on False Creek of 1,000 feet. The mills and machinery are all new
and of the finest description, possessing every modern improvement.
They are centrally situated, and a good 36-feet planked road runs from
their yards to the central portion of the city. They have three steamers
for towing logs and lumber, and fifteen barges. They operate ten logging camps, and employ about 500 men at their mills, camps, and factories. The output of the Vancouver mill is 10,000,000 feet annually,
and about 100 men employed. The manager of the company is Mr.
John Hendry.
Leamy & Kyle's sawmill is situated on the south side of False Creek,
with an excellent water frontage, and was established last year. It has
an annual capacity of 10,000,000 feet, and employs forty men about
the mills.   They only supply the local market, and their trade it increasing rapidly; they have now started a large sash and door factory.
MacKay's mill at foot of Granville Srreet saws for local market, and
has an annual output of about 4,000,000 feet.
The Moodyville sawmill is situated on the north shore of Bunard
Inlet, about three miles from Vancouver. The company has a water
frontage of two miles on Burrard Inlet. In and about the mill and logging camps employment is given to 300 men. The average pay-roll of
the company is from $8,000 to $14,000 per month. The annual output
is about 20,000,000 feet. The resident manager is Mr. B. Springer.
The company have also a yard and wharf at Vancouver, situated at the
north end of Cambie Street.
The north shore of the inlet contiguous to Moodyville is a favorite
resort for the citizens during the summer months, and doubtless in the
near future it will be fully taken up with handsome residences, and
adorned with beautiful grounds.
Other manufactures have been started in the city, boat-building,
furniture manufacturing, tin, sheet iron and copper ware. Soap factory,
breweries, etc., a boiler factory being among the number.
A new foundry is being erected by reliable and experienced capitalists, which will employ 40 or 50 men.
The C.P.R. Co. are erecting round houses and workshops on the shore
of False Creek which, when in full blast,'will give employment to from
500 to 600 men, thus adding a population from this cause alone of 2,600
Flour—Manitoba roller patent, per bbl. 55.25 to $6.50 ; strong
bakers, $5.00.
Graham flour—4 to 5 cts. per lb.
Corn meal—5 cts. per lb.
Buckwheat flour—5 cts. per lb.
Cracked wheat—5 cts. per lb.
Oatmeal—5 cts. per lb.; Capitol mills 5J.
Rice—Japanese, 6 cts.; China—5 cts. per lb.
Lard—Fairbanks, 10 lb. pails, $1.40 to $1.50 ; 5 lb. pails, 70 to
75 cts.; 3 lb. pails, 50, cts.
Hams—Sugar-cured, 17 to 20 cts.
Bacon—15 to 18 cts.
Pork—Clear, pickled, 16 cts.
Codfish—12J cts.
Soda crackers—7 to 8 cts.
Tea—Uncolored Japan per lb., 25 to 75 otfl.; Oolong, 60 cts. to
$1.00 ; English breakfast, 50 to 76 cts. ; Green tea, 86 cts to $1.00.
Coffee—Green Costa Rica, 36 cts.; Java, 85 to 40 cts. ; Bio, 27 to
80 cts.; roasted Costa Rica, 35 cts. ; Java, 35 to 40 cts.
Beans—Small white per lb., 4 to 5 cts. ; colored,5 cts.
Sugars—Granulated, per lb. 10 cts. ; yellow, 11 cts.; dark brown,
7i to 84 cts.; loaf sugar, 121 cts.
Syrup—Golden, $1 per gal.
Molasses—per gal., 60 to 76 cts.
Potatoes—per lb., 14. to 14 cts.
Eggs—Per dozen, 30 to 35 cts.
Butter—26 to 35 cts per lb. ; 70 to 75 cts per roll.
Cheese—20 to 25 cts. per lb.
Coal oil—$3.50 per case.
Onions—New, 24 cts. per lb.  VEGETABLES.
Cabbage, 2 cts. per lb. ; tomatoes, 6 cts. per lb.; cauliflower, 16
cts. per head ; garlic, 25 cts. per lb.; Chili peppers, 25 cts. per lb.; sweet
potatoes, 5 cts. per lb.; celery, 15 cts. per bunch.
Lemons, 35 to 50 cts per dozen; apples, from $1.50 to $2 per box;
oranges, 35 to 50 cts. per dozen.
Wild ducks, 76 cts. per pair.
Steaks—Porterhouse, 15 to 18 cts.; shoulder, 10 cts.
Roast—Rib roast, shoulder roast, 12J to 15 cts.
Mutton—10 to 18 cts.
Lamb—$1.25-to $1.50 per quarter.
Pork—Chops and roasts, 15 cts.
Veal—124 to 20 cts.
Sausage—15 cts.
Corned beef—8 to 10 cts.
Sides, 8 cts.
Fish—Spring salmon, 35 cts to $1 each ; halibut, 124 cts. per lb. ;
codfish, 6 cts. ; rock cod, 8 cts. ; sturgeon, 5 cts.; salt herring, 8 cts.;
Nova Scotia, George's Banks cod, 124 cts per lb.
Oysters—Baltimore, 80 cts per can.
Chopped, $33 to §35 per ton ; oats, $25 per ton ; hay, $20 to $25
per ton ; straw, $1.25 per bale.
Bar Iron—44 to 12 cts. per lb. according to size and quality.
Steel—18 to 25 cts. according to size.
Nails—Rate, $4.25 per keg.
Locks—Mortise, (cb §6 per doz.; do., $16 to $18 per doz. ; rim
locks, $4.50 to $8 and $9 per doz.
Saws—Crosscut, 75 cts. and $1 per foot; hand, $1 and $3.50 each.
Axes—Handled, $1.25 to 1.75 each.
Shovels—Long handled, $1 and $1.25.
Wedges—Extra cast steel, 20 to 25 cts. per lb.
Grindstones—34 to 6 cts. per lb.
Sledges—Extra cast steel, 25 cts. per lb.
Mattocks—$1.25, picks, SI; sadirons, 10 cts. per lb. ; polishing
| irons, 75 cts. and $1.25 each.
Rope—16 cts. per lb.
Rakes—Garden, 75 cts. and $1 each ; hoes, 40 to 75 cts.
Paper—Building, tarred, 5 cts. per lb.
Powder—Gun, 50 cts. and 81 ; giant, 40 cts.; fuse, 2 cts. per foot.
Shot—$2.25 per bag.
Bridge and wharf plank and timber, per m. $10 to $12.50.
Street plank, any length, $10.
Rough lumber, building material, $10.
Rough lumber, sized, $12.50.
I  Fir, clear, per m., $14.
Flooring 1 x 6 t. and g. second, §16 ; flooring 1 X 6 t. and g., S20
flooring, 1 x 4, t. and g. first, $22.50 ; flooring, 1 x 4, t. and g., second,
Rustic, 1 x 8 No. 2, $16.00 ; No. 1, $20 ; Cedar, $25 to $40.
Shingles, $2.26.
Laths, $2.60.
D. D. finishing, $22.60 to $25.
San Juan Lime (Vancouver Kiln) $4.50 per bbl.
Section of Giant Tree, Cut only 150 feet from present site
of Hotel Vancouver.
The climate of Vancouver is temperate, the thermometer seldom
registering as high as 90 above zero in the summer, or lower than 10
above zero in the winter. The winters are, for the most part, open, with
rain and snow falls, at short intervals, and a few beautiful shining days,
especially in the latter part. This season may be said to embrace December, January and February. The driest months of the year are
June, July, August and September, but on the hottest days the evenings
are cool and pleasant. The rainy season is not all rain, nor the dry
season all dry. During the winter the fields and forest are clothed in a
mantle of green, and flowers bloom in the open air. Roses and other
flowers can be gathered for decorating the table at your Christmas dinner. Add to this, Nature's scenery, to be seen in its varying grandeur
surrounding you on all sides, and who could be unhappy 1
■ =
Highest Temperature, 92°—July 16, 1877, August 11, 1887.    Lowest Temperature, 7.0 below zero—January 14, 1875.    The only time for 14 years the Thermometer fell below zero was January 14, 15, 16, 17,18, 1875— perfectly calm.    Mean number of days on which rain or snow fell—162.   New Westminster being on
the first high land from the sea, the rainfall is greater than at other places in the District.   Ladner's, near mouth of Fraser, is about 4 inohes to N.W.'s 7.
S "
a 4
24  Thus, to summarize, as the results of the growth of the city, only
two years old, and hewn out of a dense forest at that, we have 18 miles
of graded streets, 24 miles of sidewalk, over S miles of sewers, electric
light, gas works, waterworks almost complete, schools, churches, two
dally newspapers morning and evening, a really first-class hotel, cosy,
comfortable as well as stylish homes, substantial business blocks, shops
of various kinds with every article required for daily use at reasonable
prices, manufactures being established, a city rushing ahead with un-
equaled growth and rapidity and yet substantially built, and all this
without any boom or wild speculation. Add to this the delightful
climate, excellent drives which are being established, good boating and
yachting, fishing and hunting in the immediate neighborhood, and we
have one of the most pleasant and attractive cities on the Continent, as
well as one whose future rapid growth and development is assured.
The following are extracts from a letter signed J. C. McL., under
date April 24th, 1888, and appearing in the "Winnipeg Call of May
4 tit, 1888.
" In Vancouver it is simply wonderful the way the young city is
progressing in the building line. Your numerous readers will scarcely
credit it, hut to-day there are in the neighborhood of four hundred houses
in various stages of construction. "When I say houses I mean buildings
for residences and business premises. These range from the humble
cabin costing about $50 up to the stately palatial business block of iron,
granite and brick costing $50,000 and upwards. To you Winnipeggers
who have never seen the forest growth of British Columbia it will appear
to be a matter of not much moment to build a city of close upon 10,000
inhabitants inside of two years. That, however, is a feat yet without
a parallel in Canada outside of Vancouver. But when it is stated that
less than thirty months ago the site of the now bustling city of Vancouver
was a dense forest, the like of which could nowhere else be encountered
in the Dominion — many of the trees when cut averaging 30,000 feet
board measure. Hundreds of acres have been denuded of this timber,
the stumps taken out, the land graded, and beautiful villas built thereon.
In many cases so large was the timber that the cost of clearing it off
approached $150 and $200 per acre. Now it is a city of fine pretensions ; beautifully made streets and sidewalks for upwards of twenty
miles, streets graded to a certain level. Gas and electric light illuminates the city by night. Telephone calls by the 1 nndred ; excellent
drainage, and sewerage in some cases. Churches, schools, societies and
every other concomitant of civilization, are here to be encountered,
where less than two years ago nothing was left to mark where a town
once stood but burning embers. It is a positive marvel, is Vancouver.
Property is gradually advancing in price. For business lots as high
as §225 has already been paid per foot frontage. These figures I am
confident will be doubled by the fall of the year. Outside property I
consider now to have reached its limit. A mile from the postoffice, or
the centre of the city, lots 66x132 are selling for $500 to $1,000 and
upwards, according to location. Lots are sold subject to building conditions, so that a check is placed on wildcat speculation. At the
present rate of growth Vancouver, by the end "of this year, will contain*
at least 15,000 inhabitants.
A large foundry and iron works has been started. A smelter for
ores is to be ei ected shortly. These will be followed by other industries.
In brief, Mr. Van Home's declaration, made four years ago, that Vancouver would become on the Pacific coast second only in importance to
San Francisco, is likely to be verified.'*
The people of Vancouver voted $25,000 to any company establishing
smelting works within their limits, for the reduction of the various ores
to be found in the country. During this present year these works will
be established, as a company organized in London have signed a contract
to begin operations at once, and a site is secured for the same, which will
give employment for 100 to 200 men, besides giving an impetus to the
development of the mining industry of the country. Altogether about
$50,000,000 of gold have been sent out of the country, almost wholly
from placer mining, but the rich quartz leads which undoubtedly exist
throughout the various sections of the province, still remain undeveloped.
During the past year, however, in a number of localities capital and enterprise have taken hold of the matter, and some rich veins have been
opened up and large quantities of ore have been sent for assay and reduction to the United States. "With smelting works established at
Vancouver it will become the mining centre of the whole province, and
it is rally expected that before very long a mining boom will take place
throughout the whole country. Where $50,000,000 have - been taken
out in placer mining alone, one can scarcely over estimate the amount of
money likely to be taken out from the fall development of the rich
quartz existing in all parts of the province ; and when this development
takes place Vancouver will become the Denver of British Columbia
Five miles south of the City is the north arm of the Fraser River,
to which a road is now being constructed from the foot of Granville street,
thus opening up a connection with the settlements on the rich delta
lands of the Fraser. The Fraser River at its mouth has two branches
called .the North and South Arms, forming between them two large
islands and several small ones, comprising a territory of low delta lands,
about eighteen miles long, and decreasing from seven miles wide to about
one mile at the junction. The soil is very rich and produces immense
crops. In favorable seasons the productions to the acre are, of oats from
60 to 120 bushels, barley, 50 to 80 bushels, wheat, 40 to 60 bushels, hay,
Z\ tons, turnips, 40 to 50 tons,' Potatoes, 30 tons, while roots and vegetables grow to an immense size and the yield is invariably very prolific.
Crops never fail.   These lands are four or five miles south of the city.
The same may be said of the fertility of large tracts of alluvial soil
further up the Fraser and along its tributaries, the Pitt and Sumas Rivers.
Large settlements of prosperous fanners are to be seen all along the banks
of the Fraser. It has been estimated that 1,000 square miles of land in
the southern portion of the Province and hundreds of thousands of acres
in the Spallumcheen, Salmon, Okauagan, Eootenay and Columbia districts may be easily utilized for agricultural and grazing purposes, some
may require irrigation, but the greater portion will yield abundant crops
without artificial watering. The bench lands in the higher altitudes are
unsurpassed for grazing. *
Along the south arm of the Fraser and the valleys of the interior,
fruits of the temperate zone grow to perfection, "rivalling California, such
as apples, pears, plums, peaches, cherries, strawberries, gooseberries and
other small fruits ; their growth being slower and more uniform.
There are prairies here and there, valleys free from wood and many
openings in the thickest country, which in the aggregate make many
hundred thousand acres of land on which no clearing is required. But
near each open spot is a luxuriant growth of wood. A settler may be
lavish as he pleases ; there is enough and to spare for buildings, fences,
fuel and all.
New Westminster, the old capital of the main land, situated on the
Fraser River, is distant twelve miles, and is connected by railway, with
three suburban daily trains each way, besides two steamers and eight
The fisheries are among the richest in the world. Whales and seals
abound in the northern seas. Sturgeon are plentiful in the rivers and
estuaries of British Columbia. They are found weighing 300 to 1,200
pounds, and are caught with little difficulty.
Salmon are excellent and most abundant. Those of Fraser river are
justly famous. There are 5 species, and they make their way up the
river and branches for over 1,000 miles. The silver salmon begin to arrive in March, or early in April, and last till the end of June. The
average weight is from 4 to 25 pounds, but they have been caught
weighing over 70. The second kind are caught from June to August,
and are considered the finest. Their average weight is only 5 to 6
pounds. The third coming in August, average 7 pounds, and are an
excellent fish. The noan, or humpback salmon, comes every second
year, lasting from August till winter, weighing from 6 to 14 pounds.
The hookbill arrives in September and remain till winter, weighing from
12 to 15 and even 45 pounds. Salmon is sold at Vancouver at five cents
per pound, and there appears to be no limit to the catch.
The principal salmon canneries are located on the Fraser River, Alert
Bay, Rivers Inlet, Skeena Rivers, Metlakahtla and Naas River. In
addition to canning, large quantities are smoked and cured, and salted
and packed in barrels for shipment.
The next important fish, and one which belongs to this particular
part of the Pacific, is the oolachan, or candle fish, about the size of a
sardine, and equal to it in every respect. They are delicious when fresh,
cured or salted, and their oil is considered superior to cod liver oil for
medicinal purposes. Herrings swarm in the waters of the straits. They
are a little smaller than those found off the coast of the British Isles.
The halibut and cod are abundant, also anchovy, haddock, rock cod,
flounder, whiting, crab, etc., etc. The lobster, however, is a stranger
to the Pacific coast of America, though it is believed the waters are
suitable for their propagation, and it is the intention of the Government
to introduce them.
The inland streams and lakes abound in salmon trout, mountain
trout, and the famous fresh water white fish. The dog fish is caught in
large numbers, and a lubricating oil manufactured from them superior
to any other. The Skidegatc Oil Co. manufactures this oil in large
quantities, and finds a ready market for it in the United States, after
paying 20 per cent. duty. Seals and sea otters are annually caught in
large numbers off the coast of Vancouver Island and the north west coast
of the mainland, from which a considerable revenue is derived.
Since the opening of the Canadian Pacific Railway the fish-curing
business is receiving more attention, and there is no doubt that in a
few years it will become an important item in the industrial enterprises of the Province.
The following is an account of the different varieties of fish caught
in the waters of British Columbia during the year 1887, together with
27  It is expected that farther large tracts of good land will be found
in the unexplored interior of the province.
The whole peninsula between Burrard Inlet and the Fraser River,
which embraces the twin sister cities of Vancouver and New Westminster,
the quantity of each kind, the price at which it has been sold, and
the value:
contains about one hundred thousand acres of agricultural lands suitable
jfor fruits, grapes, hops, vegetables and other products.   The demand for
fruit from the North-West territories will be almost wholly supplied from
ithe neighborhood of Vancouver.
Kinds of Fish.
Salmon, canned in 4 doz. 1 lb.
$ 5 25
9 00
' 10 00
2 00
1 00
7 00
60 00
$1,076,687 00
39,862 00
180,660 00
4,357 50
9,930 00
14,900 00
1,668 00
1,900 00
9,925 00
i,8:o 00
1,230 00
900 00
820 00
Sturgeon, fresh   "
Halibut,     "       "
Oolachans, fresh    "
Do salted, bbls	
40 00
29,250 00
Fur Sealskin , per skin.
Hair    "              "
236,600 00
2,625 00
Sea Otter Skius       "
4,500 00
$1,617,694 50
Exclusive of the fish consumed by the white, Indian and Chinese
JUNE,   1887.
The only report to hand of the imports and exports of this Province is for the year ending 30th of June last, the returns for the last
half-year not being ready for publication. It will be observed that the
imports exceeded the exports by $66,217.    The following are the
Total value of imports $3,582,684 00
Duties collected $   877,188 78
Other revenues          41,783 85
Totalrevenue $   918,972 13
Mine—Gold dust, &c.. $   684,689
Coal  1,187,618
Iron ore            521 — $1,822,828
Fisheries   910,559
Forest  234,109
Animals and their produce  380,126
Manufactures  -16,062
Agricultural  2,328
Miscellaneous  240
Not the produce of B.C  100,215
Total exports $      3,466,466
Total imports        8,632,684
Balance of trade against us $ 66,217
The following are the exports from British Columbia to United
States ports, from January 1st to December 21st, 1887 :—
, Coal, Dec. 31    $1,281,447 84
Treasure (Dec. 28) 631,869 05
Furs, hides, and'sMns         " 219,283 66
Sealskins (undressed)         " 152,332 97
Canned salmon and fish oil       " 89,571 40
Rice and Chinese mdse....        " 37,560 72
Lumber         " 29,90170
Miscellaneous merchandise.       " 27,797 71
Tobacco and liquors         " 16,687 36
Skidegate oil         " 8,358 35
Grand Total $2,389,810 79
being an increase of about 6 per cent, on the exports of last year, in
the total, and an increase of 50 per cent, in the out-put of coal from
the Nanaimo mines. Five cargoes of anthracite coal from the Banff
mines have already been shipped from Vancouver to San Francisco, as
well as a large amount of silver ore and platinum.
<s-  A. W. BOSS, Notary Public. H. T. CEPEELEY,
Our list is complete, comprising choice
Business, Residence & Suburban Property.
I Choice Garden and  Fruit Lands!
on same terms as sold by Canadian Pacific
• Now is the time to purchase, as there is sure
| to be a marked advance in all classes of pro-1
| perty during the next few months.
Insurance that fully Insures.
Agency of the /Etna of Hartford, Hartford of Hartford and "Western oil
Toronto, Fire Insurance Companies, with combined asset- of;
nearly $20,000,000.00
Accident Tickets for sale in the Travelers' Life and Accident Insurance
Company of Hartford, insuring $3000 in case of accidental death,
or $16.00 per week in case of disabling injury, for 25c. per day or
$4.50 per month.   Assets §11,000,OOU.
Marine Department of the Fireman's Fund Insurance Company o
San Francisco.    Assets $2,500,000.
Maps and Price List Free ou application.    Call on us or eorrespor
before purchasing.
Heal  Estate,  Insurance and Financial Agents,


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