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BC Historical Books

Reminiscences of Bishop Cridge Fawcett, Edgar, 1847-1923 1913

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Array  WARNING
A person who wilfully or maliciously cuts, tears, defaces, disfigures or destroys a book, map, chart or picture
deposited in a Public Library, Gallery or Museum, is punishable by a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding
two months. —Criminal Code, Section 539.
To avoid being held responsible for damage, borrowers
are requested to examine books taken out and to report
any defacement to the Assistant at once.  OciffT  '•VtVVAlqM mjjLiaBtmmfw«wwwwi*awBTmifrg<trmamaa
EHHBB
VICTORIA
PUBLIC LIBRARY
ilSl   SHOP       CRIDGE
"A man he was to all
the country dear".
2oldsmith.
It is fitting that I,   who have  kn own ■ the   subject   of
this reminiscence man and.boy for over fifty  years,   should
recite   for  those  interested  (and who is not ?)   what  I know
ox  the  dear  old man,   who has  just passed away.     I might call
him the  grand old man,   from a clerical point  of view,   of
British Columbia.
On Surlday morning,   April 1st,   1855,   the  lat
+e bisnop
Cridge,  with his v/ife,   (who was a bride   of a few month's)
arrived from the  Old Country,  In the   "Marquis  of
The. vessel,   after a voyage   of 'six months,   anchored off
Mac aula y Point,   and a landing was made  the  following morning.
From the description given oy Bishop and Mrs.   Cridge,   they
must havjfc been;   as ^e#^really we re,   enchanted with  V ictoria,
in its native  loveliness covered with   oak and pine   trees,
and with a profusion  of wila flowers.     The lev.  Mr.   Cridge,
it may be  said,   was appointed to succeed Rev.i|£r.   Stains,
who after a short residence: here,   started to England,  and
was drowned by the  loss of the vesselv||
Bishop Cridge wasbron in Brat ton,  Fleming,   Devonshire,
Becemoer 17th,   1817.    His father,   John Cridge,   was a schoolmaster,   and married Miss Grace  Byer,   who passed awa^,   when SfMV^wC
r VAULT
3 m
her sea, Mward* was a child*    Bi£ic£ Cridge* s early education ma carried od \mder the direction of his father* a&d ha
aftersards entered the schools of ffeftti and South Hilton.    Ho
warn third mats? of the Gra&sar School at Ouc&le* BGrthaspton*
«Bd finished his education at St* Peter1 q College* Cambridge,
receiving ^*e dagx§^ of B»A*
In 1343, lie pasaed the theological examination at
Catfteidfge. £sd wan ordainad Of ^t# Bi^i& of Sor^rlsh*   He
*as appointad (Jurats of 1ke Charts* of Forth skla^* Forf elk,
and waa also seeesd aaeter of tfee school in i§*&t City*    In
1851, ha ma appointed to the charge of Christ District Churcb
at fl&athoj?!, Lcfidcfc.    In X3§4* Bev, 2r« Oxides $as appointed
Chaplain to the Iiudsco9 e Bay CtaRp^ny for 'Josacmvar Island*
Before ccadns cut to as^ime his duti^ ha «as ms-rled in
1854* at Marthas* to 1ELS& Ssury Unaill* and left for hia fer-
off duties at ?iotG£ta,-«hexe ho aaKrtvad is April us already
xrantlcned*    Ha til a church could ho oroot^i for aim he held
the first Splsee^al Services *?ithin tfee ^ort* Christ Chuxtfh,
nased fry Hr* Sridge, after his $ivo&jh in LcEdon ms ample ted
is. 185S, the lata &B. J'esberfctsi hairing often the ax*chitaotf
axid the late 3&uLeic£i* the holder*     She ehurck was Ournt
do*n An 1S0S* and rebuilt In 1872*    DoalOda lidding regular
servieeg at Christ Churdb? ¥r« Criltp earned ui his siisistar-
ial work at Cclvroed, Eftini&ait coid oiks
VICTORIA
PUBLIC LIBRARY
*    J^JL<k*V
»S*  BMBWBBMgBBBg
Zn 185f he held servioaa at Bunaino, and baptized several
children* his being the first Protestant services in that part
of the country*    In 1839 he aeoas^*ni&& &* late Mr* Gufisstgs
a missior^ry Stnt out oy the ?ro&afp*tion Society, a* far as
Hc^ag and titans* fey oanoe to Vila* and across the mountains
m horaeoaofc to Lyttgn end Liiloce*. and hea* fcy say of Douglas.
The Bi£*qp a»d Srs* Cridge h&X nUtt children* that* cnly
H^ *as a grsal lose? cf s&isie* and since early
.*
Hfe had ssaa tsaAn^ In the appreolai&tii* of the art* and was
S|| aoocqplisfcad player m tfe* oello*    Sewnty gdd years ago
he sas coe of f£*s organizers of toe Cajaaridga Ifclvarsity
Musical Scoi^ty* whl*^ is still in existence*    A few sreara
ago he rceei,vad a latter froa the Society asking for his
photofj^h playing en *he instnsasnt hs used In tha first
cones rt of *fe$ Society, Ai&h is here reproctnood*   My »otha*f
*o was a day out &&&&£ of the &nsrch of fesl&r.d* *ae a great
adislre* of Mr* Crla^*** Cbriatian ohax&oter*    She used to
MAX j3S to aaaor^*ny hsr to church,  sand as she used to go
frsqwi&tly Z vcma   to see a deal of his #ien I was a bey of
twelve years*    we then uaed to live as the oocner of Blanchard
end Km& gtrests,  so »re near the oh\*r<& •    At a Sunday afternoon sprviaa* sees three years later* at Aich I used to
officiate at the toil otffcn, as X have fee fas* stated in
*Hy Bcyfcool Sjcperiensss* an Uictdsn* of interest occurred*
Shen at the prefer part of the service, Yr. {ftdL&ge rose    in
Vie reading d*a£, and publicise! the banns of warri&^a batmen
I *!*«•«*,.,»-,S<fc'iJA  4
a wall kncan rural couple ufeaa I tasw, and *hsn he oasss to
that part T&isrs ha aafca* *lf anyone taoro cause or just impediment wl*y these psrscaxs should not bs joined, eto* oto%
a wca&n rose in the coagrsgaticn* aM in most forceful terms
said, *x forbid the banns**   3he rector in a^ist tanas aercly
said* *Zm, trill met *» at the olos* of i&e service, in the
yestry and ctate your objections*    &nee feia ttrce, I do not
rswrJoar to have hear^d the banns of marriage publl^ied in
ehusrch but cncs*    I m^t state that fee Bother*s objection
did not standoff; ' :JI^
Of the piaiosra* uhom has 2u not &sgttl£ad, t&eia has ho
not Harried* *nd ifocs has ha net buried f     &&X hem mmy I
have sees baptised* married and buried by &i% in the days
that are geno I   lha merry jsarrlaga bolls and the salami
fsnarai knells', in soooeesicn* t«hay pass before me, fxom
bo^sccd to mar-iheed*    X saa hist as !&& Ssotcr of Christ Church
in surplice and college oapt haadlng a foser&l profession
trcm the shuzoh to $uadr& Street 0em*t:5r$»    Sbora ms not any
use for carriages in mom days* «& -all s&lfcad* the distance
being so ohcrt ♦   t  rmm a fusaral pra&sseicaa later od* and
instead of being at the head of the process! a
principal ncumer*    It ^as the occasi.
$*   H
e ^as the
burial of <as§
of his children*    Ihle aaom ?ai repeated three tirass, in as
X9ony 9eekst for the *Angal of Death*, ento^ed the iteotory
fear time, taking one olive br<inob after* another*  through  "jrtww
bluet Measles, 12ia little white coffins being carried up the
hill £rm the Rectory to the church, and frcm there to the
Oeaetsry*   fte saiuniont with their noise % as also that of the
Bishqp*s sistert  recorded , stands intact today in the Quadra
Street Ceaetery*    It reads as follows*-     In mraory of
Frederick Pssfcerton, died Xftocaber 11* 1884* aged 10 norths*
tdweLTd Scott* died February 4, 1865, ag3 7 years, 8 i&onths*
Soar, died February 11, 1365, age 3 Jftftra* % months*    Grace*
died February IS* 18GS, age 0 years, 10 months.    Children of
Edward and Uary Gridga*
The 2pltajb «- ^Siow thy Sarwanta Hhy Wo£k, &&1 their children
Ihy Glory* -   Psalm 90, 16 versa*
Again and forty years later (18th December 1905) I see
wgr &d friend with bowed head, as he leans on his daughter**
ars, and follows 1&e remains of his dear wife; she ttto had
been his partner in jqya and sorrow for so many years*    I
see hi* as he follows up the church steps, as another repeats,
*X as the Resurrection and lha life, ate* and I feel deeply
for bin In his sorrow*
r» A fa* Rcrths later, l&lls talking thrgug$i «y grounds
at Bingley Dsll, with my little daughter, ha conversed with
the child about &rs» Cridge, and re^ark^d, *yes, m$ dear,  aha
is gene, but it will not bs loag bo fore I so to her**   But
hs was not one to show his serrcff cspsrl?, but always appeared
ohsawful and rsslg&sd undar affllotlana as It was *&cdf s will,
*dfcall not tho fctos of all the earth do rigitf* ft iviivwMiffln^^
£S"Se£Bft«%SXS2ll
aiiraia^jtf.ftfr^1***^*!^^^
For ay services as stgpta blossr, <*** *** f&*Sl&g th^
barrel wipn Sunday aftsmecas, evenings aad wse&day% I got
ay eftanntt m at the OAl*s&&$& School, aad also tt* f&otor
used t# telg an wife wgr latin oa sutrtaju af^mofln% *fe*a I used
to go to the rectory for that purpose*    As bafts* stated, lit
very f aid of ap&o* aai used to have the choir at ths
rectory oft stated evenings of the rce^x, ^#n ha played &•#
♦cello as aooos^aniaeafc to the plane* a£ uhlch Mrs* fUaon
of 3t*Charlsa Street, often presided*    "ra^ ifilssn mi organ-
1st of Chris* Church than, *nd is with the «ss*ptlcn of Mrs*
Senator Maodflsald, and haw two sisters, tfta asSy lady living
of ffcaai then ec«peeirif tfea bholr, myself t»|ng &a aaly sa&ia
awrtir still surviving*    I was 1kan a bey of twelve years   and
X think I    would have kno*n him astf!? sad to kno^ fete was to
lata hia*   X aprer mm to Bsegty esr his taster ruffled in tha
slightest*    tfeat ha waa a christian goes without saying*    Ono
incident ttsM &2g£& jfcow tfeis*    After hi? had appealed to fibs
Supreae Court against ffe* proceedings of fee trial by Bidhce
Bills, and his license to pseack h&d fe*** revefcad by him, ha
ftt§ fey m% Bishop Hills as Jarsen Bay Bridge, ®&& in passing
hia Mr* C?idgs raised his hat In salst^ <&an that tased ism
refused to recognise hia, passing hia fey without notios, ai~
though ha, Bl&cp Sill% had prosecuted and persecuted him
%a the fullest «*©nt*   Ma u»hnstla& bit terras was because Mr* Sridgs did not after the trial* sake overtures to
1 *■■;«. V MMMe',Kt« V  to hia to ba reinstated, and also for not apologising, instead
of (as he ooaplained) joining an antage&ietio aeot.
At an Sreplra Bay oelsbratioB, scse years ago, I sas
standing at the Post cffloe, in the zoning, waiting for the
fifth and sixth Regents to ccsss war tfca o&tmifay, I espied
his pro5Jiic3nt figure as ha stood against a telephaaa pole at
the north *&& of tba causeway*    I passed orar tke street, and
greeted hia.. In his ever oh#erful way he shock hands, *(fc,
Mr* ffcacatt* or *2dgar% as he soaetls*?* called », *Ibat a
bsauti Cul day for t&s oalabrntic*^,  it is beautiful indeed, and
I aa enjoying the wira sutu&iint,    Youlu you believe it, I aa
h&t& to see the boldiors t   I have aaas fr^s h&m en purpose*
They have always had a fasclnatlos for &a, since I was a bit
of a child, tf*en I r&n a*&y frca hua» **nd took up a posltlca
on a bridge to satofc a ragis&nt of soldiers with band that wag
to pass thrcu^i oar village*    I con never forget that, and the
search for rse by aqr friends, and jS being carried off hcae
again** By tills *&£* tfca tero ragiaents had marched by us, and
up Gcvsrraant Street so tc> shock bands, and he remarked, *£ellt
I have saen the soldiers, and I will now go hems again**   With
this, off ha walked as sturdily as if only fifty years, instead
of as he was, eighty seven*     I boco in ifoiiandain's Directory
of 1859, that 2r* Cridge was Clerk of the Legislative Council*
«a the fcraation of that body in 185$, also it announced that
*Rev. Edward Cridge holds ssrvioes on eaoh Sunday afternoon en  8
fcarf Street, opposite the Fort gate,* also that we have an
hospital, started by Rev* Edward Ca^ge,|and no?? sadly overburdened wit& dsbt*.    I note also that ha was in 1860, ftgper-
intendeiit of ISdfteatlca*
In September 1374, Btan Cridgs ^&s put cct trial by Bishop
Hills*    The Court having also Bao* C*f* Woods, Hev* Geo* Haacn,
and Mr* OfHsilly as assessors*    3ho charges raere *bratrl5ng in
church*, m& various other nisdoneanorsi  re milting from tfoat
ocourrad after a s&nicD prsacbod by !tec* 7T..3* B»ge, in tThich
he (Beesa) advormted ritualistic pmotiosa,    This aermcn t/aa
preached at the s$opanins of tha G&thedr&l, after being are*
built on the 6th aece?sbsr 18?&*
*      At this wervloe* at the etinalu&ion of %!>^ aermcn, and
before dismissal, Bean Ctt&ga ar&j® and addressed the ocEsgre—
gatlon on tfc© subject of Mr* •&**&*& a#SE^ a&yteg "that it
was the first tl&o six&o the church h&& been built, and he as
minlater, that stash doctrijooa had been advocated, &&i wXtk
Cod's help he trould sso that it was the lact as long M he
was ito ainiate?**   F^g this, Xfean Cridge was brought to task
by Bldbqu Hills, end aafced to apcloglEs tc Ur» Reosa and himself*    2hls Mr* Oridgs refund to do* saying,  that as the
ainister of a Protestant Ghuroh, his conscience would not alios
ltia to sit still ^114 such doctxiz&a were Advocated in his
church.    ¥ha \?b.6ie aaugresati«* upheld the stand he took, almost tfoaniacusly*    Maaay at the ooiidluaioa of his remarks £toa*d  0
their approval openly.    Bids wm the beginning of the trouble,
which sulalarttd in Bssa Cridgi baing brg»#t to trttl as afgNh-
said.   For a^tha the Colcaist a»d standard corrlad on tha *~#
letters appearing almost dally* f$| great aajeritjr oeii^g in
defence of Bsan Cridg*, <*o gained sore friauda than erar, by
the aanly stand M to^ for Prots ataut prii-oiple % as against a
d»i»ering, aapcpular bishop, anA ritual jga     I have many of
these letters in a scrap-book* and wiHi editorials from tha
papers at the tlsse*   ftsy ara no*? interesting reading tia&hzg
^^ the public vie^d tha prosed inga of tha trial,  or press-
cutien, as sany called the oouat in Isadora street, Church.    Oae
of these letters says.  *ft is a notorious fast that the Rev* Mr*
i, Arehdsaooa of fancouvor, «ho caused all tha trouble* was
la hja dfr^crt^&Et and character a disgrace to tha dsnoaiaaticn
to ihich he professed to belong**
re these facta ao notorlcus
to others, ui&nwsn to tha bithspt    It would sssn incredible,
then stmt inference csa flM public dror tToa hia silence as tfcd
subject, and his tacit eoagsat to hia prur.i2sa.ting doctrines
in the pulpit    of Ckftst Church at the g{g*asoratiafc, Aich ha
would be terribly offensive to the deau, ^wi ra jerity of
 {tttien f    *And Tihy, SSy I aak* was the wolf in steep's
slothing allowed to abscond like a felon frcn the Province,
and raay be to this day retains a fair and unsullied reputation
as a elergynaa Sf the el
&   of Elkg2
Doubtless Hr* Reaee
was a ere
re wlUinr tv^ojiis bltftqp's bij
and the
11 gins of SS5i and ociSIssi^ wsre readily absolved by  10
aarialar aeafassien*    At sins of ocoalMlsn agre kncan, and
were the aauaa of his
the uo^atry*    *Bu0h was tha
A owe sins w*«a paaead over Sj bis blahiq?, SSiS the dean was
persecuted and pualshad fof sgpressing his opinio <§*saly against
the obnoxious 4*e*rin£s advocated by a oad san**   Having been
found guilty by the Bishop*a Court, bfc mm ssntanead by Bishop
Hilla to lose Ids lieeaa* to preaah *a a ainistsr af
irch
of £n<
,4
\i*
At the aaaclusisa *f the Court*s proceedings,
of Bean Ortdge*s £riend% ?&o were in the building, *h!eh was,
by tha eay, tha Presbyterian Church on Pander* 3t* proceeded
to the ehurch tower, and tolled tha big ball,   for so* ainutas
to ^e? t&air dia^pproval of tfca gtatsnes*   tha tolling of this
bell aft a wiok day, *e^ it isaa well knesa there would be no
rvioe held, oaused a deal of surprise in tcsn* and soc& a
i of iMMM same froa  virioua directions to taacsr the
reason for ths unusual sBOurrssoe*
Wmh sympathy was screwed for if
BH* and dsnissaiat-
Aon* of his opposea^s, and Siahop H^lls m$ »or§
e
spular than
ever*   But Sr* Cri&ge*s aid oorigregatiss of Christ Church rallied
round hia as at a public asetiog sailed to orgstnisa, held on
tha 57th October 1874*    B>nator INodcsald presiding, and aevasiy-
fiwe percent of tha d*aa*s foxaar eeagreyaticn being present*
It was decided uaaniaaasly to join tha H.>fc*3£*d Spissopai
Church, which
coh, having been established in ffcnada at
Ottam, by Biehc$> Ch&rolngs of the Jte
'JCZ.:
iaaa a
*±j
L&za
Church-  11
previous to this s»eting*    Bean Cridge was there elected a bishop
to have jurisdiction free 3an Frucoisao to Alasfcaif ?h3 Praebyter-
lan Church on Pandora Stwet in which *r* Cridgo was triad ma
now put to a batter use, f or It nas loassd and cgssjsad as a Bef orsad
Kpisocpal Church, and was so used until the present church ms
built in 1875*   On tfea opening Sunday, ^^ old oai£r$fptlcnrs
officers ware well represented, inolu&ing H*& church *t<3tons,
Church oownittss, organist and s&rfccsa*
It was predicted by Bishop Sills end hia friends, teat Dean
Cridge would be without a f&llo^r in three yiars*   this was a
vain boast, as the last 45 years has sb<osra*
Quite recently in source of ocnvsrsation I remarked how well
he locfced, and that it waa ??cftdsr£ul how he bore bis great aga*
*H$w do yaw aooound for It, sir3*?   fell, I think it is on account
of the active lUb I hava always lived, talking so isuch, why,
when I was a yeasg man, befcato I ^as BS, and before I want to
Cambridge, I used to jugip over 17 £iw oarred gates, one after
another*   SuS afterwards becaisf* very delicate, through overwork
in a £cs2d«* parisSw*   It was s& coding to Vi&'Loria, that I ra-
gunaed ay Itsxg walks and life in the c#aa air*.
But to pass <s\.    3hile his oaaa was bef ore Judge Begbie in t
tha 8uprssa Court, as an appeal against Bishop Hills* jud#»nt,
overtures wsrs laada to Baon Bridge by the judge, to the efifcct
that if he, the dsaa, wotfld apdieglse to the bishop, even then,
the bishop mnud stay the prcesadiags and reinstate hia as dean*  IB
This Mr* Cridge a aula not see his way to do as he considered
that he would be admitting that ha was wrong in peaking
against Bees* la that aeaorabie sermon.    On this, Sir James
Douglas, and Senator Hacdcnald aet the dean and after dls~
aasaing the pros and sons, asked him in the interests of peace
to forego his determination*    Finally en Sir James showing his
feelings, and begging hia to accaed, ha relented, and apologia**
sd»    this to satisfy his two friends only,  they who had been
two of his committee  of supporters throughout all the trouble.
Votwithgtanding all Vila, Begbie in giving judgment against the
dean outraged the feelings of the deanfs friends by his animad*
versions on tha dean's *orima* as he would have iade it out to
be,  of refusing implicit obedience to his bldbqp, tdisn ha demand-
ed aa apology for the arias of denouncing such a disgrace to the
ainistry as Reese.    Senator Vacdonald sailed on Judge Bagbla a
day or two later, and in strong terms rated him for the way he
had spoken to the dean in giving judgment*    This overoearing
meaner w*m characteristic of Judge Begbie, aad mads hia as auoh
hated a asa as the bishop at the  time.    Ihe result of this interview was,  that Judge Begbie gtnt the dean a cheque for £1200
to cover tha expenses of the dean's trial*    (A public subscript*
log having been taken up in tha city, the publlo auaaorioed §1500
far that purpose, acre than gucolatent for all purposes*)
Va late IT* Justice Robertson sas ths dean's Counsel.
This cheque for §1500 Is still In possession of the &»aa* s
family,  for ha refused to accept tha value of the cheque.  13
B3GIBEIBG OF THE ROYAL HOSPITAL
la course of aonvarsafica one day, Bishop Cridge tdd as
tha origin of this institution*
I think it was in 1858* that cas day a siok aan was
found ia Bean Cridge fe garden luring as a mattress*    The man
adaittsd that he had been brought there by certain parties,
who shall he nameless.    I asked Mr. Cridge Ay they had
brought the aan to his house, and clandestinely too,  *0h, titty
thought I was tha prewar asn, and I a^ppose I was under the
circumstances.*    Is set to work to meet the case,* said the
Bishop and temporarily rented a cottage, cased by &r. Blink-
horn, on tfes oorner of Tate a and Broad ffcrssts, nc?r occupied
by the E.-0* Hardware Co*, (the first patient** naas was
Bralthwaite) and placed f*S»  Seeley (afterwards of the Austral*
lan House) in change as steward, and Br* Trimble being appointed medical officer in charge*    This was the beginning of the
Royal Hospital*    Afterwards a wooden building was erected en
tha Indian Ra serve,  ea the site  of the Marine Hospital.    Later
on, tha hospital was again moved to the hill en t^per Pandora
Street*    It can be saan froa all this that my dear old friend
lad a aost eative life, frca the time ha landed hare until
he got too old to do so*    I might state that Mrs* Cridge,
and Mrsi| Kaodonald **** ^** founders of the Ptotestant Orphans
Home,  through tfrs* Hacdcaald having a family of orphans brought ~7 14
to her notice by saws flri*nd«    She first of all found hoses for
each child,  than as other cases wexa brought to her notice she
and Era* Cridge took the aattsr up, and rented a cottage, and put
the orphans in charge  of a 111 so Told*    In oouTse of time the
children increased,  so that a larger building wi^s rented oa the
comer of Blanohard and Baa Streets*    This in tlfte becuas too
j, another aovs sas a&ds, through the munifiaencs, of the late
John G* Taylor, a memoer of Bishop Cridge*s church, ^ho left all
hia property to the    founding of tha present hime, §30*000*
c^
I might stats that Mr* Charles Hayward hag the honor  of being
the oldest friend of tha late bishop, having attended hia^ ohurch
and Soaday sch ool in England as did all Mr* Hayward9 s Bsthsr* s
family.   Mr* Hayward's father was also one of Br* (bridge's church
Wardens in England   and it was through Mr* Cridge's Isttars hone
describing this beautiful olty, that Ir. Ha,
induced to
come out hare, fifty years ago*   Jhu3 I conclude this rtaialacencs
of my dear old friend of fifty years.    Among tha old tlasra she
left Christ Church and followed their pastor, wiWr, their familiaa
were;-    Sir James Douglas, Hoa* Br* Helacken, Senator Hacdcnald,
Judge Pembertcm, Judgj Slliott, Charles Hayward, J*B» Peabarton,
Sheriff Harris, Capt* Hia, Capt* Houat, B*W* Pearss, Capt.
Deweraau, Hon* B*f* Hlggins, T.E. Hiboen, Hoa* Allan Franoia,
Richard Lewis, Capt* Moffatt, A.J* tongley, Thos. L. Ffcwcett,
Capt.Stevenson, Richard Carr, filliaa Bssbury, filliaa P.Sayward,
George Richardson, and many others, asking a total with their families of orsr 352,  the moat of -when wars old and personal friends  IB
of the then   Bean and Uxb+ Cridge.
In an editorial note ca tha Bishop's birthday,  tha
Colonist wrote &a following kind words: -
•Bear old Bishop Cridge has written 4 letter to tha
people of his churoh*   She good old asa is aa example for
every boy to follow*   In his long 11& tias, ha has triad
to   safea every one lis mat, better and happier*   He has seen
Victoria grow from a mining camp around a fur traders fort,
to a fins city.    Kindness and generosity, and helpfulness
are some of the qualities among the citizens of Victor!^,
wliioli they owe t* the erampla and teaching of 3iahc&> Cridge**
fhs following testimony is froa J*B* Hamilton Biokpcn
Editor of the Peterhouse Magazine, Cambridge, JSnglaad*   1
*ly connection with Bishop fridge aroga thus*—
tha Cambridge University Musical Society sas founded by five
Peterhouse sen* William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) G»G» Ocvbe,
W» Blow, Sdward Cridge, and A*A* Pollock, assisted by CM*
Xnglebury, trinity CoUagt, and S*B* Dykes,  St* Catherine
College (famous for his hymns).    I wanted to get their portraits*    I had Lord Kelvin's, and knew not nhere to gat the
ethers, but waited and *all things oca* round to hia 16x0 will
but wait**   Cue toy, an old Pstsrhousa asn, the late Rev* T.
Chalk said to aa, *I have just oosa back froa a trip round
the world and as the way I met a very old asabar, of Pafttr*-
bouse* (I was interests*) named GAdgft*    This sas in 1903* 1 16
I now got one more portrait, and a splendid portrait it is,  to
pat with Lord Kelvin's.    Today I have all the  others*    Thus
7000 miles,  and half a century apart,  I had the privilege  of
knowing Bishop Cridge, and during these ten years of happy,
though distant friendship, I have rejoiced to receive his
kindly lstters.    He could manage, though blind,  to write with
a pencil, and towards the and of Iteoambar, I received what
was to be his last letter, oeginning,- *my love and blessing
to you, dear old friend and brother——and towards the end, repeating his greeting, he  sends it also,  *last but not least
to the Master of Peterhouse, with cordial thanks for his
kind message to ma. •      A few weeks ago the Master and Fellows
entrusted to me to send him a copy of Dr.  Walker*s Admissions
to Peterhouse.    Writing of this book,   on the day he received
it, his daughtar expresses his delight in tha *hoaor done hia
by the master and fellows, indeed a crowning joy.*   Besides
being a keen musician, and a fine 'cellist, and, as I hava
said,  one of the  f oun
of the Cambridge University Musical
Society, he was a good athlete*    To a friend, he attributed
his great age, as being due to his daily exa reiser a common
feat was to *jump seventeen five-barred gates,   ens after the
other.*      Such w**s the career of one  of God's noble men ■■■a
noble son of our old House.    It has been ray privilege to
have known several very old Peterhouse men, and it tets seemed
Strange to hear them say,   fyou are the  only Peterhouse man I
know, even tha names of Masters of the College are unknown
fcvsS
H9  17
to them — this has been said to me aore than once*    Sow we
beckon our fare-wells to our old Peterhouse brother, as he
passes, and while his form fades from our eyes, his memory
abides, and with it,  the thought that Peterhouse is proud
to number among its sons,   such a nobis example as Sdward Cridge,
Bishop of Western Canada*
J.D. Hamilton Dickson.
FRCH TH2 BISHOP'S DIARY
From the year 1874 whom Dean Cridge was dsposed froa
office at Christ Church, no dean was appointed until two or
three years before his death, when the then Rector was made
Dean by Bishop Perrin*
The new Bean visited the aged Bishop and asked for his
blessing.    He placed his hands on his head as he knelt before
him and repeated the words, "Defend 0 Lord this Thy servant
with Thy heavenly grace,  that he may continue Thine forever;
and daily increase in Thy HoM Spirit acre and more, until he
come unto Ttgjf everlasting Kingdoa** Amen.
Later when a new Bishop was consecrated at Christ Church,
his first official visit was paid to Bishop Cridge after the
consecration*    The following quotation is from a letter dictated
by Bishop Cridge, a little more than a year before his death*
•The  other day Bean Boull telephoned to gay that the Archbishop,  18
the new Bishop, and himself wished to pay me a visit and would
I receive them.    Of course I replied in the affirmative, and
they cams.    It was no occasion for disputation,  still less an
occasion for idle ceremonious talk, and therefore referring to
the Epistle of Jude, I remarked en the great need there existed at the present tlas in churches of agreement,  c& matters of
faith*    I quoted Jude's exhortation to believers in his day*
"Contend earnestly for the faith, once for all delivered to
the Saints, * and they asked me to say what I considered ho
meant by that*    As I had thought a good deal on the subject,
I had no difficulty in making clear Scriptural exposition of
Its meaning*    They received it with great attention and thank*
ed me cordially,  so I am hoping and praying that it was the
word of the Lord I delivered*    *He will fulfil his premiss
that it shall not return to Him void, but shall accomplish
that which He pleases, and prosper in the thing whsreunto He
sent it** ^
Twice the Roman Catholic Blshcg) visited him, and they had
earnest conversation on religious subjects.   Bishop Cridge
still upholding his ccntentlcn for the simple faith once for
all delivered to the Saints*    Two of the Sisters of the Con-
wsnt cane also, and one of these Sisters, a year after his
death remarking oq the impression that visit had made on her,
said, *Xou could read in his face his Holy life, and his very
speech was permeated with the Gospel.* it; I 19
May 8,  1913
BISHOP CBIDGS DIES AT EARLY HOOR,
Second Chaplain of Hudson1 s Bay Co.
(Leader in famous secession from Anglican Church passes
at advanced age after career of lifelong usefulness: Tribute ^
to memory of the venerable prelate.)
•(fee of the historical characters of British Columbia
passed away in tha death this morning at his residence,
"Marif ield*,  Government Street,  of the Rt* Rec* Edward Cridge,
bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Church.    He had been failing
for seme time, and yesterday it was recognized that he was
in a very low state*    The end came quietly at 5 o'clock this
morning, when ha was surrounded by several members of the
faadly.      He  is survived by Hiss Cridge, who has been his
ocastant coapanicn: Mrs. Laundy,  of Oak Bay, and Mrs* Cran,
of Duncan, his other two daughters.
The funeral arrangements have not yet been aade*    Begot la t-
ions wars in progress this morning for a public funeral, but
at the time of going to press a decision on this mattsr had
not been reached*
Bishop   Cridge, perhaps almost more than any other clergyman in the whole Dominion, numbered   among his friends
paopls of all classes, and denominations,  for apart from
being tha head of his church here, he was one of the first
clergymen to arrive on the Island, and has been closely
associated with the progress and life of the city ever since.
BRm**M  30
that time.   Born at Bratton-Heming, Devonshire, England, -    lg
ca Deo. 17, 1817, the son of John and Grace Cridge, he was
sent while still a young bey to a school at Berth Hilton,
Devonshire, later going to the small grammar school at South
Holt on.    than but 19 years of age he. was appointed third master
in the grammar school at Ouadle, Northamptonshire, holding
this office for six years.    In 1848 he took his degree  of B.A*
at Cambridge, where he attended St. Peters College,  his
specialty at that time being mathematics.    It was in that year
which was ths year of the great Irish famine,  that together
with several other sympathetic students, hs ttck an active
part in soliciting aid for the wrettfhed   and peverty-strioksn
of that Island*
It aas in 1848 also that Edward Cridge was ordained a
deacon on his appointment as assistant curate and sea end
master in the grammar school at falsliam, Eorfolk.    Removing
to Essex sens time later, ha was in 1851 appointed incumbent
of Christ Church, 3bst Ham, London*
Three years later he married ITiss Uary Binaill, a daughter
of George flamill,  of Bonlferd, Essex, who in October of the
same year, set sail with him for Canada,  on his appointment
as chaplin to ths Hudson's Bay Cctnpany, and district minister
of Victoria.    The voyage was made by way of Caps Horn, and
it aas not until dix months after they left the lights of
their home port behind, that they arrived In the little settle-  31 . ||'
saat then knosn as Fort Camosun, and which has sines become
ths capital of British Columbia; the long journey being made
in the sailing vassal If&rquls of Bate*.    It was on the first
day of April, 1855, that the little ship reached Clover Point,
and the venerable Bishop, in his later years, used to tell
tha story of his first visit to the Fort, with its palisades
and frowning bastions, and the sentinels pacing to and fro.
n Ths Governor had set aside a portion of the building
for the use of the chaplain, where he and Mrs* Cridge lived
until the parsonage was built.    Among those who lived at the
fort at that time were the Hon* J*s» Helmcken, then company
surgeon, and Senator Hacdcnald, who in 1851 was among the
voyageurs in the Tory**    It was the senator who at one time
paying a genuine tribute to the friendship which existed between Bishop Cridge and himself,  said that *the prelate was
one of the best and moat conscientious men living, and that
his life had been altogether beautiful**     This was no
flattery, but the slncersst praise of a friend, who had been
associated with him in solving the educational, and religious
problems which had to be faced in the early days of ths
young Colony.
The late Bishop preached his first sermon at tha Fort
without ths assistance at the services of any form of
instrumental music.    This lack, however, was supplied in
tine.,    The Bishop himself played ths •cello, and of those
early days he was wont^ljfr his letter 7aa78 *° ^eall the
PUBLIC LIBRARY^  S3 \  I
early attempts at the formation of a choir in the little
church* , | H
m August* 1855, he officiated at tha opening of ths
first Christ Church Cathedral, at that time the district church,
the name being given in honor of the church at West Ham,
Essex, of which he had been incumbent before his arrival here.
Another auspicious event in which he tocik p^rt also was the
opening of the first session of the Legislative Assembly of
Vancouver Island, at which ha read prayers,  this event taking
place in the same Cathedral*    During this time,  en account
of the frequent visits of warships to Es&ulmalt, he often
conducted services on beard ships anchored there*
Cos of ths incidents of which the bishop spoke frequently was the visit of an American official to Sir Jamas Douglas ,,.
during tfche Sm Juan controversy, and of the fearless handling
by cemmissionar Augustus Pembartcn of the ten thousand miners
camped around the city, waiting to cross to the mainland,
when the gold t6mx broke out*    A pistol duel which ended
fatally for at least oca of the duellists, was fought on tha
hill below Christ Chuioh*    About this time, tha unhappy
circumstances being the occasion of the passing of a law
forbidding the carrying of arms.
At that time four streets constituted the extent of the
olty*s thoroughfares, these being Government, Yutos, Fort,
and Johnson Streets*
In 1860 he read the address of welcome to Biahqp Hills,   n 33
the first Anglican Bishop, ta his arrival at Eaiuiaalt* and
was appointed as chaplain to the Hudson Bay Co*    Victoria
District Church was the only church in the district for many
years, and Mrs* Cridge, who died eight years ago, after many
years of active work during which she endeared herself to all
those who knew her, was the first Sunday School teacher in
tha province*
As soon as the colony was organised, arrangements were
made by the Hudson's Bay Co* to provide education for the
children of employes and settlers*    Rev* S.J.  Staines, and
his wife, first conducted ths school, and after ths former,
who wtLB drowned off Cape Flattery, Mr. Cridge succeeded hia
in the chaplaincy, and became superintendent of education
without pay,  in which office he caitinusd till 1865, when the
late Alfred Wadding&cn was appointed first paid superintendent.
THS SECESSION
Through a dispute which arose en ritualistic points, the
ptshep, in 1874, left the Church of England, the majority
of his congregation seceding with him.*    This followed a trial
held at the First Presbyterian Church,  in which the dean, as
ha was then, was tried at the instigation of Bishop Hills
for brawling in church*    After this open difference,  the
secession was inevitable*    A new church site ma given by
Sir James Douglas, ths former Governor, at the corner of
Humbold and Blanchard Streets, and there the present "Church  34
of Our Lord* was erected.    Sir James himself joined the
secessionists and sebsequently gave the  organ.   \
A year later he vras elected a bishop of ths Reformed
Episcopal Churoh of Chicago, and the following year V|s consecrated at Ottawa*    In 1895 he received tha hcnoumry degree
of D.D.  from the Presbyterian College, Montreal*
Six years ago,  on tha occasion of his ninetieth birthday
a nutober of ¥ietoria»s leading citizens waited on the bishop
at his residence, Mariiield, Government Street, when addresses were presented by ths City, the congregation of his church,
and many of the old friends who had known him almost from
the first day of their arrival in Victoria.    The bishop in
hia usual kindly manner gave his friends and well-wishers
a oordlal wslscme, among those being present, his eldest
friends In tha province,  the Hoa* Dr. Helmcken and Senator
Hacdonaid, who read an address signed by all ths leading
officials, and commercial aen of the community.
BLESSED THS TROOPS
Among the many other public  occasions in which the
bishop took part, was the building of the Royal Jubilee
Hospital, he be in
of the original provisional committee,
appointed by Governor Douglas to arrange for tha building
of the hpspitai.    On the  occasion of Queen Victorians Jubilee,
tha bishop wag asked ta address the crowds on Beacon Hill,
and it was to the then already aged, but still active bishop,
that the duty fell of pronouncing the benediction upon the  25
soldiers, at ths farewell given to the South African contingent, which left   here in October 1890.
The bishop took a great interest in the T,~.0*A# move-
aant when 11 ^aa first established in this olty, and when
the present block *£aa opened the most interesting of the
messages of wslocsu* and congratulation cane from the veteran
prel
thfeV* •
7SX38X& OF SSEATOR MACDCHALB,
Senator 7* J* Hacdcnald, a life-long friend of the deceased
bishop, said this acming that his services deserved a public
funeral*    The bishop had worked quietly and unostentatiously,
and the full measure of his service would never be known.
The Senator and Hrs* Hacdcnald retold the story of the
secession froa Christ Church which missed so auch acute controversy in ths seventies, and split fee congregation into
two parts.    It appears that whan ths new oat&sdrai was consecrated, the archdeacon of that time ajmoucoed boldly at ths
evening service, th&t Mgjx church doctrines would be advanced
froa the pulpit of the cathedral*    The late bishop, who was
dean at the time, had to give amt the closing hysm, and ha cams
forward and said that the doctrines to be expounded there,
would be as thsy had formerly been*
9ta Bishop, Rt*lsv.Br. Hills, sent hia an angry letter
next day, insisting on a public* humble apology far "brawling*
In tha church, and from that incident the controversy grew,  36 m
till it ended in the trial for brawling, which led to the dean
losing his license.    The feeling was intense, and no division
of opinion on any religious question has ever separated the
citizens as sharply as the secession fron Christ Church at that
time.    The Senator drafted the apology, which was offered
through the judge, 0ir gathew Begbie,  to Bishop Hills, but it
was declined by ths bishop and expulsion followed.
Mrs. Hacdcnald showed the Times representative an illuminated record of the marriage prepared by the bishop on the
teeoaslca of their golden wedding in 1907, as proof of the
marvelous capacity of the bishop at a great age.
A PUBLIC FJK3RAL*
Hay or Horley stated that the pastor of the Reformed
Episcopal Church, had approached him with regard to a public
funeral, but he felt the initiative could hardly cone froa the
civic authorities*    Ths late Bishop would be greatly missed
by the rapidly dwindling number of old timers*    That there
would be a larga turnout at the funeral could not bo doubted.
The Bishop had filled a large place in the life of this city,
and ho would be greatly missed.    Although he had withdrawn
himself largely of late years, his Influence had continued
to bs generally felt*  37
A   TRIBUTE
*A humble follower of Christ he simplified his life
accordingly, and lived in all humility, at the geet of his .
Haster. *     This is but part of tfra tribute payed to the late
Bisb$p Cridge, who passed away at £ a.m« this morning in his
.hems in this city* by ens isho had kno^n him evonr since his
arrival in the province*    The earns speaker added the quotation:
*Cbld and silver have I none, but what I have I give freely*,
was so apt in its application to the beloved bishop, that it
might have been said by him*    Told bf his generosity, the
bishop alyrays replied,  *Tha Lord will provide*.
The venerable bishop has gene to his rest*    Hever in
very robust health, and during his later years suffering from
asthma, it is the more wonderful that lie lived to such a
ripe old age.
Hot many weeks ago the ladies of the Hef orrasd Spisoqpal     |J
Church called to present a small gift to the bishop, who,
before hia guests departed, asked than to sing a hymn, he
himself playing the air on tha • cello, which has been bB& of
his friends in quiet moments through the passing years.
Flags are flying at half mast on the Parliament Buildings, the City Hall,' Christ Church Cathedral, the Union Club,
the Straths ana Hotel, emd several other of the larger buildings in tha city, in recognition of the passing of Bishop Cridge  B8
BISHOP CRID02 IS LAID TO BSST
HASI FLORAL TRIBUTES TESTIFY GREAT SSTSSH,
(At Church of Our Lord)    From the Timas*
Tha front pews were reserved for the representatives of
tha various public b qli&%  iuoludJns tha in&yor ejvi city
council, ministerial Association, and other organisations of
the city*
There were many pi oncer a present, aeong tham his lifelong friend,  Senator Hacdcnald,    As a token of reconciliation,
which of late years was effected with Christ Church, Dean
Doull was present, representing the Bishop of Columbia and
clergy of Christ Church Cathedral.    As the late bishop ma
the first dean, the present occ«*pant9s presence ^&a particularly acceptable*
J| COFFIH 1AIT3D IB CHURCH*
The coffin was brought £*<& ^arlGLalctGjj£ Sfowernmant St.
this f orenow, and placed in the church chancel.    It lay en a
bier between the choir atails, which had been draped in black
and whlta*
Tfes rsm&lne were enclosed In an oaken couch casket, lined
incite with figured silk, and covered with black broadcloth*
On the pl£-te ^-s Inscribed the words*    *The Eight Reverend
3.
Bishop S&ward Cridge, D*B. Bled Hay 5, 1915. Aged 95 year
On the coffin were tributes from, the bishops of the Reformed  29
Episcopal Church,  the local congregation and Hative Sons and
Pioneers of British Columbia.
The surpliced clergy, Ravs. T.F.  Gladstone,  rector of
the church* Dr. Re id, Dr. Leslie Clay,   of St. Andrew* s Presbyterian Church, and Rec.  C.E.  Fincott,   of St. Paulrs Reformed
Episcopal Church ,of New Westminster,  took their places as
soon as the  services evened,  round the coffin,  which had been
placed in the chancel.
After the opening sentences of the burial office, Madame
Marie Yood sang, sweetly, *0 Rest in the Lord*.    Then came the
beautiful hymn,   *Tiie head that once was crowned with Thorns'*
(Arlington Tune), and then followed that psalm in which the
brevity of human life is contrasted with the eternity of the
Almighty.    As the last sentences of the ninetieth psalm ended,
there came the memorable verses of the fifteenth chapter of the
first Epistle to the Corinthians*
The hymn,  * Jesus the very thought of Thee," intervened,
before Rev. Dr. Clay read the selected passage from Thessolon-
lans.    Rev. C.E.  Yincott read the closing prayers, and then
the triumph of death, rather than its sorrow, pealed frcm the
organ, as the service closed With the *Te Deum* being played
with great skill by Mr.  Giles.    As the large ccngi*egaticn
slowly filed out of the church Chopin1 a funeral march was
played.
AT THS CEMETERY
In the cemetery at Hose Bay the venerable prelate was  30
laid to rest by the side of his wife*    The Committal
sentences were divided between Rev. J.A. wood, Rev. H. McKoy,
and Rev. T*Y* Gladstone*    After the benediction, came the
late Bishop1 s fagorite hymn,  that of Bishop Kan,  "Glory to
Thee my God this Sight*.
The pallbearers were ex-Mayor Chas. Hayward, Church
Wardens R.S.  Day and E.R. Jacob, Edgar Fawcett, Rev* R.  Connell,
president, and Rev. II.A.  Carson, representing the ministerial
Association.
So reference was made verbally to the great loss to the
church which he founded in this province, this being reserved
for special services which will be given on Sunday, at v/hich
Rev. T*Y* Gladstone will officiate*
HUNDRED    FLORAL    TRIBUTES*
Over one hundred floral tributes bore testimony to the
esteem in shich the late bishop was held by his contemporaries.
Some of them were very beautiful, particularly those on the
coffin*    Among them was the tribute from the congregation of
St. Paul's Reformed Episcopal Church, Haw Westminster*
The funeral arrangements were in the hands of the B.C.
Fianeral Furnishing Ccnpany. Lest there might be any accident
from the number of people in a small, and somewhat old building,  the wardens had complied with the suggestion of the
building inspector, and strengthened the supports under the
church* PW >.*-*j-*■*.■.■■»»» ivM... ii«.f.- in
SI
Among those noticed present? His Hon, the Lleutr§overnor
T*Y* Pattersoni  Sir Richard McBride and Dr. Young,  represent-
T    Q
ing the provincial government;  Senator Hacdcnald, Br«
Helmcken, Very Rev. Dean Dcull,  (Christ Church Cathedral),
Revs. 7. Baugh Allen, Perclval Jenns, E.G. Millar,  Gilbert
Cook, F.B. Fatt, J.  Stanley Ard, B* Stevenson and J. McCoy.
V*Y* Winter, lay reader; Mayor Herlsy, Aldermen Houston, Mo
Candless, Cuthbert, He at on and Dllworth, American    Consul
Smith,  CSilef of Police Langley, D.R. &er,  J.J.  Sfcialcross,
(President of the Board of Trade),  Joshua Kingham, J*S. Floyd,
F.B. Pemberten and Captain Clark.
VMM
PHP  33
ALL TTIESE WERE MEMBERS OF REFORMED EPISCOPAL
CHUBPH AT ITS FOOEDIHG, HAVIBG FOLLOWED DSAH CRIDGE IHEH
HE LEFT THE CATHEDRAL IB 1874.
lame                 H§
lumber in f
amily
Governor Sir James Douglas & family
5
Judge .Ps sober ton
»
4
Senator W.J* Hacdcnald & family
6
Judge Elliott                    ■        «
3
Chas. Hayward                              *
Contractor
6
Br. J*S* Helmcken                      |
■j
5
Jos. D. Pemberfrcn                     1
Surveyor General
6
II. Moffat,  Captain                   *
Hudson Bay Co.
4
Caf tain Houat                                *
it      0      - *
5
B*¥. Pearse                                ■
Provincial Govt.
3
Captain Bavereaux                      |
Brydook
4
Col. Richard Wolfenden            *
Queen's Printer
4
Mrs.Dr. Biohdlles                      1
2
Mayor Harris                                *
4
Dennis Harris                             |
Civil Engineer
3
J.J. Young                                    1
Govt.  Official
3
Capt*  Swansea                             *
Hudson Bay Co.
z
Richard Carr                                |
Merchant
7
John Flewin                                   *
ilisi
3
Thos. Elwyn                                  *
Govt.   Official
B
T*fi* Hibben                                 !
Bockdeller
6
Id. Heath orn                                *
Merchant
5
In. P.  Sayward                            |
Lumber Merchant
3
Alex. A. Breen                           1
Banker
4
Richard Lewis                           *
Mayor
3
Digby Palmer                                *
Prof. Music
5
Capt. Wm.Mitchell                      • Hudson Bay Str."Beaver"
1
Mr. Hahood                                    *
Surveyor
2
Alfred J. Langley                    •
Druggist
6
Cornelius Thorn                         *
•Hudson Bay Co*
a
Mr. & Uxb. Thain
z
Madame Pettibeau                        *
French School teacher
i
m Thos. T.S* Allatt                       *
Contractor
G
Mrs.  Carter Booth                      *
fife of Cnrn. Booth
2
Mrs. HoTavish                               *
Daughter of Dr.
Helmcken
3
Mrs* Sesbitt                               *
life  of Saml* Hesblt
4
Mr.a Mrs. R.W.  Fawcett            *
( Sons,  Thos.L Fawcstt
(               (1859)
6
Mr. & Mrs. S* Fawcett              *
Z
Md. & Mdlle.Hartnagle              »
Hotelkeeper
3  33
Home
Humber in family
Jno* Crowther
Mr. & Mrs. Andean
Mrs. Henry Thain
Robert Jenkinson
Mr* Fenny
R. Haynard
1m. Leigh
Jus. I. Kennedy
Mrs. Blinkhorn
Capt. Ella
J*H* Carnichael
Jno. Dutnall
B.  Dickinson
Hon* Allan Francis
¥m. Bewbury
Mrs. Couves
Coote Chambers
W.C.S.  Seeley
Peter Lester
Gbo* Horri8ca
•fas. £• Sngelhardt
Geo. Frye
D.w. Biggins
Samuel llesbltt
Thos, Hieholscn
Capt. A Mrs. Lewis
■      •    » Moffatt
H*  Offerhaus
Stephen Jena 3
Thos. L. Fawcett
& family
Painter
3
Gardner
2
Pioneer of 1858
1
Contractor
5
1
Photographer
2
2nd.  Town Clerk
4
Hudson Bay Co.
1
*             «             •
1
•            •            *
5
Telephone Co*
5
1st. Sexton   Christ church
1
Son of Mrs. f. Harris
4
U.S.  Consul
3
Sadler
7
.-
a
Govt.   Official
3
Australian House
3
& Booths
4
Druggist
3
Agent
3
Customs
4
Editor,  Colonist
5
B. Baker
4
School teacher
3
Hudson Bay Co*
2
•                 9         9
2
School teacher
2
Hotelkeeper
3
Govt. Agent, Banaimo
25
*»
Total 252 *1 34
RSHEJISCSECES OF OLD VICTORIA
(Extract from the diary of the Rev. E. Cridge, first
incumbent of Christ Church, Stratford, on his appointment to
ths chaplaincy of the Hudson Bay Company and district minister
of Victoria, Vancouver Island, 1854. The first church in
Victoria and the present Christ Church being named by the psv.
E. Cridge after his church in Stratford, England.)
1854, October 2, Atlantic Ocean, Berth latitude 38
degrees, west Longitude, 13 degrees, 30 minutes.
■Having a little leisure I propose to take a review of the
last fourteen months and especially of the last four or five
weeks.
On my return from Devonshire in July, 1833, I was $tq-
sented by my people with a new set of robes as a testimony of
their regard.
In the summer of 1854 the Lord began to loosen me froa
the Harsh District.    One day the vicar came suddenly into my
room with Davis and said he wished to ask me whether it was
as Davis    supposed,  that the Harsh was regularly knocking me
up.    I told the vicar that Davis had   entirely mistaken and
explained to him partly the cause of my anxiety.    They then
wanted me to go away for a little time for change  of air
and scene*    I could not help telling them that wherever I
might be, I hoped God would never allow me to make any easier
work than I was making in my district or that I should suspect
myself if ever I felt less anxiety in God's work than I was
feeling at the present moment. ^ 35
On Wednesday, August 30,  1854,  the vicar of last Ham told
me that the chaplaincy of Vancouver Island was vacant and
thought if I applied for it I might vary likely obtain it, he
wished me to give him sens notion, of my mind on the matter before the evening, as Captain Pelly, who had informed him of
the vacancy, had also told him the Hudson Bay Corpany wished
to make the appointment immediately.    After conferring with
Davis, and some further conversation with the vicar, I consent*
ed to bee one a candidate.    My past experience in educational
matters seemed to them a atrong qjualifIcaticn.    I accordingly
1st the vicar have my testimonials.    On my return from Islington I found the vicar had sent for me.    He told me that Captain
Pelly had received the intimation of my becoming a candidate
with great cordiality.    He recommended me to go to St. Paul's
Cathedral to see Mr. Champneys and ask him to accompany me to
the Church Missionary House.    I did not sleep much that night,
but earnestly asked direction from above*    There was one subject which occupied a large  share  of my thoughts and that was
ay love to one so long associated with me in Godfs work in
that district whose constancy and devotion had so often cheered
and strengthened me in the difficulties and discouragements of
ay path*    I decided that I would ask M.W.  to share with me the
journey of life in the work of the Gospel if so be the Lord
should dispose her heart to listen to my request.
Thursday, August 31*    lent to London and first to St.Paul's
Cathedral, and after divine service, went into the vestry and  36
saw Mr.(Canon)  Champneys who received me with great cnrdiality.
He went with me to the church Missionary House where we saw Mr.
Venn who received me most kindly and wrote a note to Mr.  Col-
ville,  the Governor of the Company, in which he gave his opinion
in the kindest manner.    While there, Dr. Carr,  late Bishop of
Bombay came in and conversed on my expected sphere of duty and
prayed that tha blessing of God might go with me.    I then went
to the Hudson Bay House,  where I was to see Captain Pelly.    He
enclosed my letter of application to the company and a note
from himself.    These letters to be sent to the Governor in
Scotland.    He said the Company would have been very glad if
the chaplain could have sailed by their next boat, but he
supposed that was hardly possible, to which I assented.    I then
returned heme,prepared for the evening and got to Davis* at
five and when M.W. rose to go to her evening class at Christ
Church, I went with her, we walked across the marshes and she
yielded her consent to my suit, being willing fo go with me on
the Lord's work over the world*
Septemberlst.    In the morning I went to the vicar and told
him   what had transpired; he was much rejoiced at the news. In
the afternoon I met Captain Pelly,  who told 09 I should have
been appointed that day could he have informed the board that
I would said by their vessel.    I then went to Davis, where I
met M.W*    I told them rtiat Captain Pelly Ijad said and asked
whether it was   indeedinpossibls.    All agreed that it was not,
that Christian soldiers should not be behind earthly soldiers
AA _1 S&33S8P393
g*3S
37
in such a matter.    So I made up m> mind and told tha vicar that
evening that,  God willing we would be ready to sail by that
vessel.   He wrote a note to that effect to Captain Pelly
that he might lay it before the Board on Monday.
Monday,  Sept. 4th.    In the evening we dined at tha vicar's.
Present,  Lady Jane Rani,  Miss Qyatt, M.W* and her sister, Mr.
and Mrs* Davis and Hiss Owen,  i&o singularly enough was the
lady Ac introduced the late Chaplain R.Y.  Staines to the
notioe of the vicar,  for his influence in procuring the appointment, a singularity heightened by my former acquaintance with
hia renewed on the  occasion of his being ordained at Horwich
on the eve of his departure for Vancouver Island.    We spent a
delightful evening, nothing could exceed the cordiality and
kindness of all present and the deep Interest they seemed to
take in our case*
The next day I went to Islington and first called on Mr.
Ryan, bishop elect of the Mauritius, at the Metropolitan
Training Institution.    On telling him of my application for the
chaplaincy of Vancouver Island he said there \?as a youth then
in the Institution training for a schoolmaster, a native .born
of Vancouver Island J his father an Englishman; his name was
Kennedy.    Mr. Ryan sent for him and he walked with me some
distance and gave me saae information about the I eland.    He
knew Staines very well* having been his pupil for three years,
in Victoria.    Afterwards I want with Coanbs who accompanied
to Mr*  Isbister and there were  joined by Mr. Thomas and  •** *. v.*>'tf *.H
38
Mr. Beyles, and we had an interesting conversation and all
seemed very anxious that I might get the appointment; all
agreeing that it ^sa sphere  of great importance and likely
to bee one much more so.
The next day,  September 8th,  I recieved a special messenger from Captain Pelly informing me that the Hudson Bay
Company had given me the appointment, and I immediately sent
to Davis,and we went together to meet M*¥*  who was caning to
the teacher1 a meeting, with whom I want to her mother and
communicated the intelligence.    We fixed the following Thursday (Sept. 14th) for our marriage, as we knew the vessel was to
sail within a few days from that date,  we felt the necessity
of the utmost dispatch*    The next morning Septl 15th by
appointment I met Capt4in Pelly at Davis*s*    Bsar M.W* was
there,  to whom we introduced him*   He informed me ths vessel
was to sail on Monday, Sept. 20th, and gave us information on
various other matters and told me  the Company would allow us to
take three servants.    Dear M.W. went to Raby and his wife, who
were glad to go*    Mary Herbert also offered herself and after
some hesitation we accepted her.    Others would have gone could
we have taken them.
On Sunday morning I preached to my people, a much larger
congregation than usual, being present, but I did not make any
special allusion to the event,  intending to do so in the evening
The Rev. I L Knowles was present and came into the vestry after ■"*" 8amaOT5CT%
39
the prayers, and offered to preach for me in the evening,
and was much amazed when I told him all that had taken place.
In tha evening I preached from Acts xx • I have not shunned
to declare unto you the whole counsel of God*.    There was a
large congregation and great attention.
On Monday Davis and myself went by appointment to meet
Captain Pelly, at the East Indian Docks,  to see the vessel,
the  "Marquis of Bute*.    On Wednesday M*W* and I went alone
to London on various errands.    On our return we met with a
great disappointment.    The vicar told us we could not be
married at Christ church, neither of us being resident in the
district, and recommended us to put it off till Saturday,    on
consulting however with M*¥* we resolved not to, but rather I
should go the next morning to Doctor GcB&ncns and get a fresh
licence to be married at West Ham Parish Church.    I accordingly sent word to the church wardens of the change of arrangements.    The next morning,  S3pt.  14,  I drove to Doctor Commons
in one of ths carriages and after waiting till about 10:30
I got the licence altered and reached West Ham Church at
about 11.30, at the door of which I was met by the church
wardens of Christ Church, and where also was assembled a considerable concourse of children and people.    A large portion
of my congregation was present during the ceremony, after
which in the vestry the church wardens and congregation of
Christ Church presented me with a silver salver, and a purse  of
twenty guineas, to which, being entirely taken by surprise, I  be
jmBmBaaiMwiiiMiiiiiHiiiiHiii
gg(^ftywe*ygwgwwwgj
40
replied only by a short speech,  but from my heart.    Afterwards
we were hoth  overwhelmed with blessings and farewells from
our people, the children of Christ Church school forming a
lane to our carriage singing and strewing flowers.    We breakfasted at dear Mary»s (now ray wife) mother's,  the vicar,  Lady
Jane Rani, Miss Dyalt, and singularly enough,  my dear brother,
Coombe, and his wife were also present contrary to their
expectations.    Davis performed ths ceremony,  the vicar giving
the brida away.    We had given up our intention of going to
Devonshire, and resolved to go to Slough instead, and the next
morning, after doing various errands in London, amongst them
going to Doctor Commons and resigning my incumbency, we reached home early in the evening, and took up our residence for
the remaining few days with my dear wife>s mother.
On Sunday,  September 17th, my last at Christ Church,
Davis preached in the morning,  speaking with much feeling of
the event.    In the evening the vicar, who also spoke with
great solemnity.    lumbers of the congregation old and young,
stayed behind to bid us adieu with every manifestation of
affect ibn and good will, and thus ended cur last Sunday at
Christ Church,    Blessed be God for the many marks of His favor
to cheer us on our way, and to encourage us in His work.
Thueday morning,  September 19 we embarked, Mr. Held accompanying us to the vessel (East India Books) and Davis also met us
there.    We took three of our communicants as our servants,
Raby, his wife and Mary Herbert.    The same day we sailed to  41
Gravessnd; Hr. Tyrrel paid us a visit*    On Wednesday,  Sept. 30
we sailed from Grave send.    Thus we bade farewell to our native
country and to our dear friends.    On taking a review of the
last three weeks,  they seem very wonderful;  first the amazing
and sudden change in our prospects brought about in less than
three weeks, namely our marriage and departure  on a #ix months*
voyage to the extreme part of the Western world;  secondly,
with thegreat clearness with which cor Heavenly Father marked
out our path from the beginning, every step being made so
plain that there was no mistaking it;  thirdly , the bright
sunshine  of Divine favor which rested on the conclusion of my
labors at Christ Church revealing a depth of affection in my
people of which I was before unconscious and seeming to confirm the unfailing promise that our work and our labors shall
zicfc be in vain in the Lord; fourthly,  in the deep interest
and sympathy manifested towards us by the whole circle of cur
friends*    In short, at every step from the beginning to the
^nd9 we were led to admire and adore the goodness of our
Heavenly Father and to devote ourselves again and again to
His service.    Glory,  glory be to His name.    01 that He may
ever be with us, and make us to know that He has indeed accepted as as His faithful servants;  yea that we are fellow laborers with Hia; and may as be enaoled to persevere in wiadom,
faith and love, undaunted, unwearied even to the end,  in the
naas of His dear Son, to whan be glory and dominion for ever
and ever* Amen. Amen.  42
On Thursday,  Sept. 31st.,the pilot left us in the Downs.
Sunday,  Sept.  Blst, a rough day so that we were unaole to
have divine service.    Captain Moor is a man of good,sound
common sense, and ready in promoting any good work on board,
lhen at Grave send Mr. Duncan,   one of the owner's paid us a
visit to whom the captain entroduced me,  they both expressed
themselves much pleased at the prospect of my holding divine
service.
Our fellow passengers are Captain Mouat and his wife
lately married; he  is in the service of the Hudson Bay Co,;
Miss Miller, a niece  of   General Miller, British Consul at
Honolulu, to whan she is going to oe his housekeeper; Mr.
I&Jker, also going to his uncle at the Sandwich Islands.
Mr. Margery,  going out as clerk in the  service of the Hudson
Bay Co* These together with ourselves compose the cabin
passengers, seven in all.
Chapman,  single man,  steward to Captain Mouat;  ffci. Smith,
his wife and four children gbing to join her husoand at
Vancouver Island, in the service of the Hudson Bay Co.,  1m.
Flstt in service  of the Hudson Bay Co,; and his wife lately
married returning to Vancouver Island; Raby, his wife and
Mary Ann Heroert going out as our servants;  T?m. Raby*s son
Montgomery going to Sandwich Islands; Margaret Cromptcn going
to Sandwich Islands.    These are the steerage passengers,
sixteen in all.
lb ware most of us very ill with sea sickness during the ——
-     ' • -    ——
— — ■„, ■ —
,..'       — —       — BBDOSfifcHfittfii*
43
first week,    le got out of the Channel and sighted Madeira
at the distance of sixty miles on October 6th*
On Sunday October 1st., I commenced divine service in
Ike cuddy in the morning at 10:30,  in the evening at 7.
Attendance good*    On Tuesday daily evening prayers in the cuddy
by the Captain9s permission.    Monday OctoOer 9th., began to
learn Chinook,  the patois employed in communication with the
Indians in Vancouver Island by Captain Mouat.    He has an
imenss flow of natural humor.
October 13th*    a foreigh vessel came within 200 yards
today and hoisted her ensign which the Captain could not
make out;  she did no morethan salute and pass on.
October 13th*gWe have seen flying fish and venitos.    le are
ow past the latitude of the Cape Verde Islands ths thermometer for sons days has stood at eighty degrees,  there have
been heavy showers accompanied with some thunder and lightning,
the rain has b^&n refreshing in cooling the air, and supplying us iwith freak water for washing.    Dear wife and I are
enjoying going through the prophets.    God*a goodness in
bringing as together seems every day more and more apparent;
blessed be His name for this gift.    0 send down Thy spirit
and reveal to us the mysteries qf Thy Kingdom in Thy dear Son,
and give us the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him.
October 19th.  Spoke with the "ffenfcsd* from London to
Hooarts* Town, and with the  'Coronandsl* from London to
n ■* 44
Adelaide*    lb cams so near the latter, aoout 8 o'clock that the
Captain held a conversation through their speaking trumpets.
This morning ws saw some porpoises.    A good deal of rain tne
last two or three days.    Thermometer seventy-height to eighty-
*
one degrees.      Hote:«*   At this point the diary comes to an
end, evidently with the intention of writing it up later.    The
voyage  of six months* duration gave the ladies of the ship the
opportunity of close companionship*    One of the chief modes of
passing the long days was for Mr. Monah and Miss Miller to
Join Mrs.  Cridge in her cabin sewing together, whilst Mr.
Cridge frequently read aloud.     It was during rhese  sewing
parties that the young bride accomplished the feat of making
her husband a black alpacca coat, the clerical cloth being
almost too much for theintsnse heat.    She often told of the
difficulties of that coat,, her only guide  or pattern being
one  of the mads up garments.
The first break in the voyage came at the Sandwich Islands
Thiers there was a delightful stay of three weeks, Mr. and Mrs.
Cridge being hospitaoly entertained at the hone  of the clergyman.    The delight of landing at their first port and enjoying
the delicious and abundant fresh fruit and vegetables, and
once again being on terra firma after so many   months,  was
often related by Mrs. Cridge as was the final coming into
Victoria, Vancouver Island,  their journey's end on a beautiful
spring day, April 1, 1855, anchoring off Haoaulay Point,
Victoria must have presented a charming sight with its beaufi-  mmmi4Mmmmm,Mmm
'.':■■ I    45 ' •      '§-
ful trees,  sloping banks of green carpeted with flowers,  the
first near sight of these flowers being a bunch of wild raihsa
(flowering currant} and the mil-known shite lilies (dog tooth
violet) brought on board by Mrs. J«f. McKay of the Hudson Ba^r
Company, to present to the bride of his friend,  Captain Mouat*
The next day Governor JSouglas sent a boat f orthe clergyman and
his wife and they were taken to lunch at his house,  delicious
spring salmon being a feature of that meal.    Mrs.  Cridge  on that
day was introduced to Mrs* Helmcken, the wife of the doctor
(now the Hon. J. S. Helmcken) and her young baby of two weeks old.
A happy introduction for the friendship begun that day was continued by the family till tha end of the days of Bishop and Mrs.
Cridge. -ft. j-
The parsonage was not ready,  so Mr. and Mrs* Cridge
had to take up their abode in the fort, the large airy rooms
of *hioh were a delight to Mrs. Cridge after the cramped
quarters of the ship, but sha was disapphinted in the fulfilment
of her longing for fresh bread and butter and a cup of tea,  for
she was informed that the cows had not been brought in since the
winter,  so the tea was without milk and the bread was sour.
The Governor however, hearing of hax wish, with his accustomed
courtesy,  sent her milk avei^r day from his own dairy,  till the
truant cows were brought home.    Tbd church v?as being built but
not finished, and the Governor immediately took the carpenters
who were few in number,  off the building and started them on e
ag
:>'*»'  -ijjw
———-—---——•——■—
	 46
the Parsonage,* so that Mr. and Mrs.  Cridge should oe accomodated
as soon as possible in their own house,  the services in the meanwhile being held in the fort.    Thus commenced the new life in
the Colony, and the prayer that was inscrioed in Mr.  Cridge*s
diary at the beginning of the voyage, was surely answered in
every particular,  for unwearied and undaunted, in spirit, though
brought through many trials, Is continued God* a faithful servant
right up to the end, his last conscious words before his death
in Bay,  1913, aged 96, being:   *I was determined, determined—as
a young man—to know nothing save Jesus Christ and Him crucified. I
VICTORIA
PUBLIC LIBRARY **
s
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