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Eleventh annual report published by the Board of School Trustees City of Vancouver for the year ending… Vancouver School Board 1913

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Array Eleventh   Annual
For the Year Ending December 31st, 1913
Printers     and      Bookbinders
Vancouver,      B.C. I1913 I
I 1913 1 jjfe^B
Retire December 31st, 1914.
Thos.  Duke. J.   J.  Dougan. A.   C.   Stewart.
Retire December 31st, 1915.
Mrs. P. McNaughton.      Wm. H. P. Clubb.      Fred W. Welsh.      J. R. Seymour.
Chairman.. ■„„........: .....Wm. H. P.  Clubb
Chairman School Management Committee ..,•...... Thos.  Duke
Chairman Building and Grounds Committee Fred W. Welsh
Chairman Finance  Committee ...Thos.  Duke
School Management. Building   and  Grounds.
Thos. Duke, Chairman. Fred  W.   Welsh',   Chairman.
A. C. Stewart. J.  J. Dougan.
Mrs. P. McNaughton. J.  R.   Seymour.
Thos.   Duke,   Chairman.
Wm.   H.. P.   Clubb     -
Fred W.  Welsh.
The Chairman  of the Board Is  ex-officio  member of  all   Committees.
. Board Third  Monday  in  each  month,   at   8" o'clock  p.m.
Management Committee Tuesday preceding the 3rd Monday, at. 8  p.m.
Building Committee Thursday preceding the  3rd  Monday,.at  3  p.m.
Finance Committee Monday before Board meeting.
All meetings for the transaction of school business are held in the
School Board Office Building, corner Hamilton and Dunsmuir Streets; and
all correspondence to  officials  should be addressed  to  the same building.
Municipal Inspector of Schools J.  S.   Gordon,  B.A.
Secretary and Accountant Gerald  Upton
Chief Clerk S. D. Gardner
Clerk : Harold  Hicks
fMiss E. Balfour
Stenographers { Miss L. Judge
I Miss D. Chaffer
Construction   Superintendent F.   J.   Giles
Building  Superintendent r J.  H.   Self
( James Inglis
Attendance Officers < N. Jensen
From  1886 to 1913 inclusive
);  B.  Beckingsale,  Se
A. H.
C. W.
C. C.
G   R.
jgowan, Chai
y, Secretary
A. H. B. Macgo
C. W.  Murray,
W. D. Brydone-
Wm.  Templeton
C.  C.  Eldridge
G.  R.  Gordon
C.   F.   Foreman
van, Chain
lack, M.D.
G.  I. Wilson
Chas. Whetham, M.A.
C. W. Murray
Wm. Brown
A    II.   B.  Macgowan,  Secretary
G!  F.  Baldwin
Appointed   by   the   Lieut.-Governor.
.).   AI.  Browning
G.   I.  Wilson
Appointed by  the Council.
Wm.  Brown,  Chairman
A. H. B. Macgowan, Secretary
Appointed  by   the   Lieut.-Governor.
B.  Springer.
G. I. Wilson
Henry   Collins
Appointed  by  the  Council.
Wm. Brown, Chairman
Wm.  Brown
A.  H.  B.  Macgowan,  Secretary
Henry Collins
G. I.  Wilson, Chairman
Wm.   Templeton
G.  R.  Gordon
Templeton, Chairman
.  Gordon
. Foreman
. B. Macgowan
G.   R.   Gordon,  Chairman
Wm.  Templeton
C. C. Eldridge
J. J   Logan
W. J. McGuigan,  M.D.
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D.
C.  W.  Murray,  Secretary
C. C. Eldridge, Chairman
W. J. McGuigan,  M.D.
W.   D.   Brydone-Jack,   M.D.
C. W.  Murray,  Secretary
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D., Chairman
W.  J. McGuigan, M.D.
C. W.  Murray,  Secretary
C. C. Eldridge
Mrs. C. Reid
C. W.  Murray, Chairman
G.  R.  Gordon
J.  J.  Banfield
J.  J. Logan
Jas. Ramsay
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D.
From 1886 to
1913 inclusive
1900-1901.                                  1
R. P. McLennan, Chairman
C.  W. Murray, Chairman
W. H. P. Clubb
W   J. McGuigan, M.D.
James Ransay
Thos.  Duke
W.  B.  McKechnie,  M.Dl
G.  R.  Gordon
Thos. Duke
J. J.  Banfield
J. J. Dougan
J. J. Logan
Jas.   Ramsay
V. W. Odium  (Jan.  to Oct.)
Charles Hope  (Oct. to Dec.)
Chas. E. Hope, Chairman
R. P. McLennan
C.  W.  Murray,  Chairman
W. H. P. Clubb
W. J. McGuigan, M.D.
W. E. Flumerfelt
Thos. Duke
Thos. Duke
G.  R.  Gordon
J. J. Dougan
J. J   Banfield
W. D.. Brydone-Jack, M.D.
\Y. t>. Brydone-Jack, M.D.
James Ramsay, Chairman from 1st
July,  1902,  to  31st December,  1902
J. D. Breeze, Chairman
Chas.   E.   Hope
W.  H.  P.  Clubb
W.  E.  Flumerfelt
J.  J. Banfield, Chairman
Thos.  Duke
Thos.   Duke
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D.
Jas. Ramsay
J. J. Dougan
W. J. McGuigan, M.D.
G.   R.  Gordon
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D.
D. Donaldson
W. E. Flumerfelt,  Chairman
W. H.  P.  Clubb
Thos. Duke
W. D.  Brydone-Jack,  M.D.
J.  J. Dougan
Thos. Duke, Chairman
Geo. Dyke
J. D.  Breeze
D. Donaldson
W. J.  McGuigan, M.D.
Jas.  Ramsay
William Clubb
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D., Chairman
J.   J.  Dougan
W.  E.  Flumerfelt
W.   B.   McKechnie,  M.D.
W.  H. P.  Clubb
Thomas Duke
A.  C.  Stewart   (Jan.  to Aug.)
J. J. Dougan  (Sept. to Dec.)
Geo.  J. Dyke
W. B.  McKechnie, M.D.,  Chairman
J. D. Breeze
William Clubb
Jas.  Ramsay
J. J. Dougan
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D., Chairman                    KfM
Thos. Duke
Thos. Duke
R. P. McLennan
J.  J. Dougan
J. B." Ferguson
Mrs. P.  McNaughton
Wm. H. F. Clubb
Geo.   J.  Dyke
W.  E.   Flumerfelt
Wm.  H.  P.  Clubb,   Chairman
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D., Chairman
Jas.   Ramsay
Thos. Duke
W. B. McKechnie, M.D.
J.   J.  Dougan
Thos.   Duke
Mrs.  P.  McNaughton
R.  P.   McLennan
Wm.  H.  P   Clubb
J.  B. Ferguson
Geo.  J. Dyke   (Jan.  to May)
Victor Odium
|    W.  E.  Flumerfelt BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Vancouver, B.C., December 22, 1913.
Mrs. McNaughton and Gentlemen:—
As I am giving up my work in connection with the School Board of
Vancouver, I should like to take this opportunity of thanking my cotrustees, officials and others connected with the work for their cor-operation
and tell them of my appreciation, both of the confidence reposed in me
during our associations, and of the assistance and support afforded me
while I have had the honor of acting as your chairman. We may have
differed on some points and on some occasions, but I have always felt
assured that each trustee was working for what he considered the best
interests of our educational work, and when we look back over the years
that we have sat upon this Board and see the gradual advances and improvements that have taken place under some times adverse conditions, I
think that the electorate should feel satisfied that the members have done
their duty to the best of their ability.
I have always been more or less interested in educational work, and
you may feel assured that, although severing my active association with
your Board, I shall always take an interest in your proceedings. We
must recognize the fact that British Columbia is exceptional in its position.
In framing its educational legislation and formulating its educational
system, it can profit by taking advantage of the experience of older
countries, and the possibilities in connection with education in Brtish
Columbia cannot be, at the present time, calculated or overestimated. As
this may be my last opportunity of addressing you as a body, may I
place before you a few of my ideas, in respect to School Board work and
its relation to others, viz.:—
Relation of School Board to Education Department.
Relation of School Board to Council.
Relation of School Board to Electorate.
Relation of School Board to Teachers.
Relation of School Board to Children.
Relation of School Board to present and future development of interests of community.
It seems to me that we have heard it said by some people that they
had not the educational facilities of the present generation, that they
received the major portion of their education in inferior buildings of what
might be termed log construction.    It must be recognized that education in BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
those early days was conducted along different lines to the present; that
conditions and requirements of life are altogether different at the present
time. It is curious and instructive to note how the conditions of early
environment and the effects of that education are evidenced at the present
day in some cases, and how difficult it is for the ordinary individual to
divest himself of the ideas impressed on him in early life.
In reference to certain remarks of certain individuals that the new
Burrard School was altogether an unnecessary expense, we have no doubt
that, if the worthy individuals were on the Board of School Trustees when
the initiatory proceedings were taken in regard to the work and had the
same information to guide them that was at the disposal of the Trustees,
they would have been as enthusiastic about it as any of the Trustees.
At the time the old school was built there were no sewers in that
portion of the city. Finances were short, and the Board had to make
the best of the then existing circumstances. The Board were compelled
to use what was called the Smead Dowd ventilating hot air system which
in those days was regarded as an excellent one. Refuse and all waste
products were deposited in the basement, dried out by hot air passing over
it and up the ventilating shaft, and removed once or twice a year. As
soon as possible and finances permitted, more sanitary modern conveniences
were installed and some needed improvements made, which have answered
fairly well, but are by no means satisfactory in their effects upon the
general health and safety of the children. The cross beams are rotting
and will have to be torn out; if left they would be a source of danger
through possible collapse. The flooring has to be renewed; new sanitary
and ventilating and heating arrangements installed; the brick work is giving
way in some places; the roof is a constant source of expense through
needed repairs. The walls and fire escapes are not by any means safe.
Burrard Street will become one of the principal thoroughfares of the City.
The residents of that district, all taxpayers for many years, have a right
to demand that the school their children attend should be safe and up to
the modern standard of school requirements, that the ventilation and sanitary requirements should be up to date and the general environments and
effects of the building should be such as not only to produce favorable
impressions upon the growing generation but also upon the residents and
strangers who may make their home in the City.
The Education Department pay a large sum each year to the
City Treasurer, viz.: $165,933.05 in 1913. This money is paid direct
to the City and not to the School Board. The City, according to the
Act, is bound to provide funds for maintenance. Extraordinary expenses
are at the pleasure of the City Council, or, if the Board consider them
necessary, the electors decide. (See Sec. 50, Page 19, Manual School
The City Council apparently claim that the Act does not clearly
define what shall constitute the current year's ordinary expenses of maintaining the schools, and different interpretations may be placed on the
meaning of this clause. We have endeavored to have the City and .School
Board solicitors give what might be considered correct definitions, but so
far the City, for some reason, has not taken the necessary steps.
The City Council endeavor to cut down estimates and also amounts
proposed in by-laws and then when absolutely necessary expenses have
to be incurred in order to accommodate the children and to complete the
buildings and equip them, they make the plea of over-expenditure. This
so-called over-expenditure does not actually occur and would not occur if
original estimates and by-laws had been adhered to.
The City Council have the idea that if some of their members were
on the School Board they would be able to curb the educational expenditures in the City. The members of the School Board serve without
remuneration, the members of the City Council are paid for their services,
and I think that if a just comparison were made of the work and affairs
generally of the City Council and the School Board, the balance would
be in favor of the School Board.
The members of the School Board are elected by the people and it
would be one of the greatest mistakes in the idea of representation by the
people to give the City Council the right to nominate even one of their
number to sit on the School Board. There is in my opinion nothing in the
Act which would prevent a member of the City Council being also elected
a member of the Board if he wishes to undertake the extra work and
In speaking of the financial position, I cannot let the occasion pass
without referring to the very excellent work accomplished by our Secretary-
Accountant, Mr. Upton. Expenditures are carefully checked up, proper
vouchers for all expenditures are being used, and a proper system of bookkeeping dealing with all the various departments and sub-departments is
being gradually installed, and all accounts are properly audited. Future
Boards will have no difficulty in dealing with the financial situation and
in preparing estimates based on expenditures, and in this way a check will
be placed on what may be called the over-head expenses of the Board.
This work is not yet quite completed in minor departments, as careful
study of conditions and requirements is necessary to evolve the best system.
The powers and duties of the Board of School Trustees are set forth
in Sec. 45, Page 16, and also in Sec. 116, Page 30; Clause D. of Sec.
1 1 6, states that they shall visit at least monthly each school.
By careful perusal of the Act in conjunction with the above sections, it
will   readily  be   recognized   that  the  position   of  School   Trustees   is   no  Entrance Class,  Dawson School.
Physical   Culture,   Dawson   School. Music   Room,   Dawson   School.
Teachers'  Reading Room, Dawson School. \2
sinecure and you will note the School Board has practically no voice in
the subjects taught, and the curriculum in our schools.
It seems to me a question difficult to decide from the clauses under
duties of Municipal Inspector, Sec. 10, whether our Municipal Inspector
is in the employ of the Board or of the Department and whether his judgment in relation to our school work might not be altogether upset by the
action of the Provincial Inspectors of our schools. However, our present
Municipal Inspector does not appear to worry about the question and under
his guidance the system is at present working smoothly.
Our Municipal Inspector is well qualified through his educational
experience, both in British Columbia and elsewhere, to assume and carry
out the duties of the position. Vancouver has ever been in advance in
educational work and the importance of this is self-evident when we consider the many and varied interests of the City.
The establishment of the University here means that there must be
a co-operation and a co-relation of work and interests between the elementary schools, the High Schools and the University. Our commercial and
manufacturing interests must be recognized in our educational work.
Our Domestic Science, Manual Training and Vocational work generally in connection with our schools should be brought more to the front.
The time of the Municipal Inspector will be well occupied in forwarding the various educational interests and in devising new schemes for
bettering the educational facilities of the school population, and in this I
feel sure that he will have the hearty co-operation of the Department and
the Board, and that all will share in the prestige, general welfare and
public benefit which will result from such a course.
When a parent sends a child to school the Board assumes for the
time being a big responsibility, they are the trustees for the child during
school hours, and by the word "trustees" I mean it in its highest, noblest
and broadest sense.
The ratepayer assumes the school tax and demands the best value
for his money and this must be considered in its relation not only to the
present but also to the future.
The whole future of that pupil and his relation to the community
depend to a large extent upon his or her environment during school life,
upon the education and ideas which are absorbed during that period, upon
the association with others, whether for good or evil, upon the physical
and mental development. The child should be so equipped that he can,
when the time comes, take up the duties of life so that the City and
Province shall be the better, morally, socially and financially. **m
The failure of one pupil may perhaps cause little uneasiness to the
present teacher or trustee, but it means a tremendous lot to the parent, and
it has a direct bearing on the future of the City and Province; and our
teachers, trustees and Education Department must accept their full
responsibilities in these matters.
The whole object of education is to so equip the child that he or
she can obtain not only the best results in the respective paths he or she
may follow, but also to lay such foundations and to instil such ambitions
that not only the child himself may have an opportunity to better himself
in his particular vocation but that the vocation as a whole may be elevated
and raised to a higher standard of efficiency through that individual's work
and attainments.
It is just as important to have the work of a laborer, no matter what
line he may follow, done in an efficient manner as it is to have the work
of the professional, and the effects of efficient work may be just as far-
reaching in one case as in another.
It is necessary for the Board and teacher to have a certain knowledge
or idea of the home life of the pupil, the home environment, home sanitation, food, clothing, hereditary tendencies and general health, in order
tD obtain the best results. The physical and mental condition of the child
must be studied, taken into account and considered carefully in all educational work, and conditions of education must be altered in certain cases
in order to get any results at all. Thus the Board and its Municipal
Inspector have many and various problems to work out with the individual
The present system of medical inspection should be of great assistance
in solving some of the above problems and should be of material benefit
to pupil and parent, and bz the means of affording valuable information
to the teacher and Board for the better prosecution of their work.
There is no doubt that the task of keeping the various forces of the
Board, namely, Medical Inspectors, Inspectors of Schools, Principals,
Supervisors, Physical Instructors, and others, working at their highest
point of efficiency, is sufficient to tax the energies of our Municipal Inspector, energetic and conscientious and hard working as he is.
The Board are elected to office without remuneration and must not
benefit directly or indirectly by their position. Their duty is to safeguard
and promote the interests of the people both educationally and financially.
They must be absolutely non-political and non-sectarian, yet sufficiently
strong and well advised to criticize where necessary educational methods
and legislation; to recommend where necessary further legislation for promoting modem and up to date advances since, if they are as interested in
their work as they should be, they will never be satisfied, never be content BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
to sit still, nor let possible well enough alone, but will always strive for
something better and have some higher ideal to work up to.
They should keep in touch with the electorate and the electorate
should feel that where they have any grievances, any ideas in relation to
education generally, anything to offer for the betterment of the system,
there should be no difficulty in approaching their representatives and discussing the matter.
The question of education is a wide one and must have an important
bearing, socially, economically and financially, oh the present and future
welfare and comfort, both of the individual and community, and it is only
by the combined effort and assistance of the legislature, trustees and
electors that results can be obtained. The School Board in the past have
apparently had the full confidence of the electors and while we have not by
any means been able to accomplish as much as we should have liked, yet
on the whole progress has been fairly satisfactory, more especially when
we consider the rapid growth of the Province and that we are laying the
foundations for and building up a system which we trust may be especially
.adapted to this Province.
The relationship which has hitherto existed between the Board and
the teachers has always been of a cordial nature. The Board have always
been ready to acknowledge as far as possible, merit and have always
recognized the many difficulties that attend the path and progress of the
teacher. From my experience the teachers have always endeavored to do
their duty and to follow the highest and best traditions of their profession.
The Board have their Municipal Inspector, Inspectors, Supervisors,
Principals, etc., so that the teacher can be assisted to bigger and better
work and thus there should result greater efficiency, and results are what
count in this world. The teachers can be assured that the Board are
ever on the watch for and are ready to adopt any means that will assist
the teachers in their work, that will increase their efficiency, that will enable
them to produce results and by results I do not mean a pass list, I mean
the instillation of ambition in the pupil, an increase of power to think and
act, a desire for knowledge and many other things of a like nature that
have an influence for good, not only in this life, but in the life hereafter.
The effect that a teacher may produce upon a child, the impression
that may be made through the personality of the teacher upon the plastic
brain material of a child can never be estimated or calculated. The
teachers may never see the immediate results of those impressions but they
are more or less indelibly fixed and the results will be indicated in some
ways sooner or later.
A great deal mighf'be said in connection with the question of the
effects of education on the present and future development of the interests **m
of the community, but I am not going to take up your time by going into
this question fully, it is too big, the realms of thought and conjecture brought
into play by the suggestions could not be even lightly touched on.
Education must be considered in its broadest meaning and in connection with its diverse influences. In our elementary schools as means of
education we have the ordinary subjects laid down by the curriculum, as
outside influences we have Boy Scouts, Cadet Work, Physical Training,
Playground Work, and others.
Some people have the idea that the idea of the Boy Scout and Cadet
Work is military.  They are mistaken, the idea is for nobler, more elevating
purposes, one of which is the training of the mind to act quickly in emergencies, to develop the more rapid co-operation of mind and muscle and •
Pure work in a healthy child or adult is never injurious. It is a law
of nature that we must work in order to develop. Even adults deteriorate
if they do not work. It is not work that kills, it is monotony and uncongenial work, and so both for child and adult there must be a balanced
account of mental and physical work and stimulus. Work of every kind
possesses, more or less, educational value. Children and adults may have
certain predilections and adaptabilities for certain classes of work, hence
if they can take up congenial work they become more or less specialists
in that line. These specialists are never content with the knowledge that
has been acquired by those who have gone before them, they must explore
and experiment further and thus the community and the world at large
are benefitted. The time is coming in British Columbia when the Education
Department must afford facilities for those who wish to take up special
subjects. At the present time if any of our youth wish to adapt themselves
to any special calling and to a certain extent perfect their knowledge, they
must first of all leave home and go where they can procure the necessary
facilities. Business men or manufacturers if they want specialists must
import them and this condition does not seem exactly fair to those who have
borne hardship and privation and toil in the endeavor to develop the unparalleled natural resources of this wonderful Province, and to build up the
natural industries.
In conclusion I would thank all those, official and unofficial, who by
their work or influence have assisted us in the duties incidental to the
position that we have occupied in the educational affairs of this city.
Respectfully submitted,
Chairman, School Board. 16 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Vancouver, B. O, January 6,  1914.
Mr. Chairman, Mrs. McNaughton and Gentlemen:
I beg to submit the following report on the work of the Management
Committee for the past year.
A little over a year ago we recommended to the Board that $776,000
be expended in 1913 to place then txisting buildings and grounds in first
class condition, to complete those then under construction, and to provide
new ones for the ever-increasing school population. Our estimate at that
time was made on the assumption that the increase of school population
for 1913 would be equal to if not greater than that for 1912. The
citizens showed a like faith in Vancouver's vitality when they voted in
favor of by-laws for that amount in January last.
As the year advanced, however, it became apparent that the expenditure of a less sum was desirable, owing to a tightness in the money market,
while a decrease in the rapidity of the City's growth rendered this possible.
The increase of school accommodation, therefore, for the past year
has not been on as large a scale as heretofore. It has been sufficient, however, to meet fairly well the present needs.
The completion, in August last, of the new eight-room school of
reinforced concrete and brick on Broadway East, to be known as the
Laura Secord School, removed all danger of over-crowding in the Alexandra School for years to come; and temporarily relieved the congestion in
the Grandview School.
The completion in August of a similar school on Block 39, Hastings,
provided satisfactory accommodation for the children in that district. It
also enabled us, by changing the boundaries between the Hastings and
Macdonald Districts, to prevent over-crowding in the latter.
We regret the unavoidable delay in the construction of the new
modern, eight-room school on Block 38, West Kitsilano, and a similar
delay in the completion of the eight-room addition to the Henry Hudson
School. Had these buildings been completed by August last, all the
schools in these parts would then have been opened under ideal conditions.
As it was classes in the General Gordon School were far too large, and
those in the Henry Hudson School were also larger than they should have
been. We are glad to know that when schools opened yesterday, the
Henry Hudson School had six rooms unoccupied. This will insure ample
accommodation in that district for some years.     Permit me to point out BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES        1 7
the urgent necessity of having the new school in Kitsilano West ready for
use by February 1st, when the children entering school for the first time
are to be admitted. With the completion of this school there should be
ample accommodation for all the Kitsilano district for the next few years.
It was also a great pleasure to the Management Committee to see
the New Dawson School, an eighteen-room building, modern in every
sense, opened yesterday for the first time. In this structure the citizens
have a school they may well be proud of; in it teachers and pupils, who
have worked under a big handicap in the old school, with its poor light,
poor heating and poor ventilation, will find conditions ideal. This fine
new edifice will, doubtless, do much in the future development of the
Dawson District.
Another undertaking which was completed last year was the remodeling of the old portion of the Britannia High School. With this change the
school is now in very good condition and should serve the needs of that
district well for some time.
Besides the buildings enumerated above, three temporary ones had
to be erected—one in the Franklin district and two on the Children's Aid
Grounds. A new Manual Training building was erected on the General
Gordon grounds and another erected and equipped for the Florence
Nightingale School.
We deem it well to again point out, as we did in November last,
what we consider necessary in the way of additional school construction^
for the coming year. An eight-room addition to the Livingstone School
in D. L. 301, where there are only two vacant rooms; an eight-room
school in both Central and South Hastings, where the existing frame buildings are quite inadequate; modern accommodation also for the Strathcona
District; a modem school on the Children's Aid grounds; and a six-room
addition to the Model School, to do away with the three small, unsightly
little wooden class rooms there and to provide for the inevitable increase
of school population in that desirable residental district.
Besides these another temporary one-room school is urgently needed
by February 1st for the Grandview District; the new Manual Training
building on the General Gordon grounds should be equipped ready for use
next August and a similar provision should also be made for Manual
Training in the Hastings District.
As a committee we have regretted the curtailment of the building
programme for the past year, not so much for the inconvenience of the
present as for the danger of our schools suffering from lack of sufficient
accommodation in the not far distant future. We also regret that so little
was expended during the year in the beautifying and equipping of playgrounds, but trust that more may be done in the near future. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Turning from the spending of monies for extraordinary expenses to
that for revenue, in as far as it has had a bearing on the work of our
Committee, I must say there was room for improvement during the year.
At the beginning of the year we made out our annual estimates for ordinary
expenditure with great care, making provision for the bare necessities in
connection with our schools. Our city fathers, however, considering our
estimates excessive, refused to pass them. To meet them more than half
way we made a reduction of $25,000, only to have them make a further
reduction of $36,706.97. Realizing the necessity of careful financing for
the year, we heartily endorsed the proposal to keep our annual expenditure
down to the amount the City Council named, if possible. Our Committee
throughout the year earnestly endeavored to comply with the wishes of the
Mayor and Aldermen, though to do so we realized that the sacrifice was
in some cases great.
Our schools have not been as well provided in all cases with what
modern educationists regard as necessary equipment as they should have
been. There has been a dearth of library books, supplementary readers,
music books, maps, globes, drawing models, etc., etc. This can only be
continued at a marked loss to our schools.
Our Medical Inspection work, which we had hoped to broaden by
including clinical dental work, had to run along as in former years. We
trust wiser counsels may prevail this year and that our plans for the relief
of much needless suffering, at but small cost, may be carried out in a
dental clinic in this building.
Our playground supervision work we endeavored to carry on without
curtailment at a cost of $1,500 instead of $2,500—the amount expended
the previous year. Needless to say such close financing was not easy, in
fact it was impossible. The wonder was how well the work was done for
the small amount at our disposal—we spent very little over the $1,500;
but mark you, we paid a wage that could scarcely be called a living one,
and one which may not be accepted in the future. If, therefore, our four
playgrounds that are now equipped are to be properly managed a more
generous allowance must be made for them this year.
The Cadet Movement, too, has prospered in spite of difficulties. To
organize and equip thirteen new corps with a total membership of 474 on
$2,000 has called for careful financing. It certainly has meant limiting
the recruits to the simplest necessities of cadet life. This we regard not
as an unmixed evil. With another grant of $2,000 for the coming year
we believe we will have in our schools twelve months from now a band of
Cadets of which this City will be justly proud. In this connection we
wish to express our appreciation of the excellent service Lieutenant Bundy
and the Cadet Instructors in our schools have rendered in Cadet work.
They have done yeoman service for which they are entitled to more than
mere praise. 1^111111 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 19
The general work of the schools for the past year has been well
done. The reports of Supervisors and other officials, which we have
received monthly, all bear testimony to the zeal and fidelity of our teachers.
The reports of the Provincial Inspectors also indicate that a graet deal of
good work is being done in the various schools.
It is questionable if ever in the history of our schools greater harmony
has prevailed than during the past twelve months. Complaints have been
extremely rare against pupils, teachers or other employees of the Board.
The few that have been made were not for the most part for serious offences
and in most all cases the offender has been found ready to remove the cause
of offence. We are glad that the year has closed without anyone having to
appeal to the full Board to investigate charges laid by him, and that there
has been no appeal to the Department.
The work of supervision for the year has been systematically and
carefully done by the various supervisors. The return of Miss E. Barry,
Supervisor of Domestic Science, after a year's study, was most welcome;
and the work of her Department now is a sufficient vindication, if vindication be needed, of the Board's action in giving her the year's leave of
We were pleased to find how readily the teachers of our schools
responded to our suggestion that a school exhibit be sent to* the Australian
Natives' National Fete to be opened in Melbourne on February 14th.
The collection of work forwarded on the 22nd of December was, highly
creditable. It should do much to advertise the City of Vancouver as a
city where education receives the attention it deserves at the hands of the
There is probably no department of our school work that has made a
more decided advance for the past year than that in our Night Schools.
With a decreased income and a desire to increase the work formerly done,
your Committee found it necessary, in September last, to formulate a new
policy for Night School work. We accordingly recommended that hereafter classes be not organized with an enrolment of less than twenty, nor
continued with an average attendance of less than ten, except with the
consent of the Board. This plan we have found to work well. Classes,
being larger, have the added inspiration of numbers. The decision, too, to
conduct the classes at only five centres has proved a wise one. By so
doing the expenses for janitor work was curtailed; while the work, being
more worth while, is better done.
In November, 1 792 students were attending in 64 classes. Of these
classes, too, the ones inspected by the Government representative were
highly spoken of and a grant is now being received from the Government
for 54 out of 64 classes—a more generous allowance than ever before. 20 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
The liberal assistance now being given by the Government to work
of a technical nature in our Night Schools leads us naturally to hope for
great things in the Legislation providing for technical education to be
brought down at the coming session of the Legislature. Permit ,me, on
behalf of my Committee, to urge that we as a Board be ready to avail
ourselves of any opportunity the contemplated Legislation will give us of
carrying on technical education in this city. As soon as a law is placed
on our statute books providing for the establishing of technical schools, so
soon should this Board establish them. Would it not be well, therefore,
to ascertain, if possible, in advance just what legislation is contemplated?
We have been waiting for technical schools for some years. It will not be
to our credit if these school, in the coming years, have to wait for us.
To carry out the work of the Management Committee for the coming
year successfully we advocate due economy in the expenditure of money,
but wish to point out that economy when overdone is unwise. The schools
of Vancouver must suffer, if what passed for economy last year is to become
the settled policy of the School Board.
With the growth of our school work and the increase in the number
of workers in consequence, the necessity of having a Manual of Rules and
Regulations for the guidance of the Board and its employees has long
been felt. I am glad to report tonight that this long-felt need is very soon
to be satisfied. The Management Committee has spent much time during
the year compiling these rules and regulations. They have given them
their best thought; and have spared no pains to have them carefully
examined and criticized by those whom they most closely touch. It will,
therefore, be with confidence that we shall have them published at an early
date and placed in the hands of all who are to be governed by them.
Possessing these rules and regulations, clearly setting forth the duties
of all employees of the Board and of the Board itself, our officials should
have no doubt as to what is expected of them; and if each is guided by
these the coming year should be one characterized by harmony and highly
effective activity in every department of our complex school work.
For the large amount of business we were able to transact for the year,
the thanks of the Management Committee are due to our Municipal Inspector. Our fondest expectations regarding him, when we asked him, in
November, 1912, to accept his present position, have been fully realized.
We have found him a cheerful, systematic, indefatigable worker. At all
our meetings he has had the work of the Committee well planned; and has
always been able to give definite and reliable information on all points under
discussion. With his valuable assistance we have been able to thoroughly
organize all the work of our schools; and are now more assured than ever
of their success in the future. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 2A
Of his Secretary, Miss Edith Balfour, we feel we cannot speak in
too high terms of praise. For the businesslike way in which she has conducted the correspondence of our committee, which is ever becoming more
extensive, and the way in which she has taken the minutes of our meetings
and attended to her ever increasing office duties, she richly deserves, and I
trust she will receive the hearty appreciation of the entire School Board.
In closing, I wish to point out that the committee work of the year
has been far more extensive than any report can indicate. It has been
pleasant work, however. The utmost harmony has ever prevailed in our
meetings between the members of the committee; and our recommendations
have ever been most kindly dealt with by you. Our highly esteemed Chairman, Dr. Brydone-Jack, has rendered us much valuable and ungrudging
service. It was, therefore, with unfeigned regret that we learned of his
decision to retire after serving this city so faithfully for nearly twenty
years as a school trustee and several years as Chairman of the Board.
Whoever the members of the Management Committee for the coming
year may be, I wish them every joy and success in their work.
Respectfully submitted,
Chairman,   Management  Committee. 22 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES	
Vancouver, B.C., January 6, 1914.
Mr. Chairman, Mrs. McNaughton and Gentlemen:—
My report for the year 1913 will be rather brief, as in the matter
of construction, very little has been done during this period in comparison
with the amount that was accomplished in previous years. This year has
seen the completion of two schools, namely, the Henry Hudson and
Dawson, and the near completion of a school on Block 38, West Kitsilano.
The Building Committee has had a considerable amount of internal
organization to cope with since the first of the year, owing to the unsatisfactory condition of the Architectural Department brought forward from
last year. After several changes were made, it appears that the Board
have now got down to a good sound working basis in regards to construction work. You now have instead of the Architect, your Construction
Superintendent, and you have selected your Consulting Architect. In the
early part of this year, the new Board will no doubt consider the question
of a Consulting Engineer. Taking these gentlemen together with your
Building Superintendent, you have complete control of these Departments,
which are more or less allied with this Committee, and you gentlemen as
a Board are now in the position, should you so desire, of receiving expert
advice outside of the employees under your control. The benefit to be'
derived from this arrangement will be felt from time to time in the future,
a benefit that previous Boards have not, unfortunately for them, been able
to take advantage of.
It was felt at the end of 1912 that something should be done as
regards the grounds during the year 1913, but owing to the circumstances,
very little has been accomplished, in fact, one could almost say practically
nothing, therefore, this question of beautifying and laying, out the grounds
will have to be placed on the shoulders of the new Board, and I have no
doubt that such will be ably handled.
In connection with our heating plants and ventilating systems, these
have met with rather severe criticism from time to time, and our Committee
took this matter up in various ways and endeavored to get a Government
report on the existing condition, but unfortunately this matter did not come
to a head. I understand that this matter is receiving thorough attention
from the officials of the Board and will be placed before next year's
Building Committee in a concrete form. It is hoped that what the 1913
Committee could not accomplish the 1914 will be able to do. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 23
The capital funds available for next year's work, although new
by-laws have not been submitted, will no doubt meet the urgent requirements during 1914. The strictest economy has been exercised during
last year in all matters of expenditure relating to this Committee.
I cannot close this report without expressing my appreciation of the
valuable services rendered to the Committee and Board by the Secretary,
Mr. Upton, and Miss Chaffer. The work of the Committee has been
much lighter during the past year on account of the systematic way in
which the business has been placed before it.
In conclusion, I think you will find all the affairs of this Committee
in better shape today than they have been for some years. With the
exception of a few undecided points, such as future capital expenditure
and the final adjustment of your Consulting Architect and Engineer, everything is as near complete as is possible to have it. Of course there are a
few points in connection with old contracts, which are as yet in the hands
of the lawyer, but there should be no trouble except ordinary legal troubles
in settling these affairs.
Respectfully submitted,
Chairman, Building and Grounds Committee.  BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Vancouver, B. C, January 6th, 1914.
Mr. Chairman, Mrs. McNaughton and Gentlemen:
I beg herewith to submit my report for the year 1913.
The work of the year has been strenuous, but pleasant. Early in
the year, in conjunction with Miss E. Trembath, Supervisor of Primary
Work, Miss L. A. Burpee, Specialist in Junior Grade work in the Provincial Normal School, and the three Provincial Public School Inspectors
of this city, I had prepared a new limit table for the work to be taken
up in the junior grade. I also decided to have the grading of pupils in
this grade take place hereafter at the end of January and at the end of June
and to admit beginners to the Public Schools only in August and February.
This division of the school year into two equal periods of five months each,
and the securing of greater uniformity in our junior classes, by insisting on
a close adherence to the limit placed in the hands of junior teachers, coupled
with the capable supervision of this work by Miss Trembath has resulted in
very efficient teaching in nearly all cases. This strengthening of our
school work at its foundation will undoubtedly in time tend to strengthen
it all along the line.
Never in the history of our schools have they been more systematically
and thoroughly inspected than during the year just closed. Our supervisors
have done good work in guiding particularly the teachers weak in
their special subjects, and in arousing the interest of both teachers and
pupils. Their reports too on class work I have found very valuable to
myself in my endeavours to properly estimate its worth. The same may
be said of the reports forwarded on the general work of teachers by the
Provincial Inspectors. Where I found adverse reports from both Supervisors and Inspectors, I invariably found weak work in the class of the
teacher thus reported. In a number of cases, where the efforts of Supervisors and Inspectors combined^failed to produce any appreciable improvement in class room work, changes of teachers took place in the interest of
the pupils.
As the number of teachers increases in our schools and as school activities inevitably multiply, my duties must become more and more administrative. The absolute necessity, therefore, of having capable supervision
and inspection of our schools is manifest. The necessity of having strong
men as principals is equally imperative. There is no single factor in the
schools today that counts for more in the life of the school than the
principal. It cannot be said of the teaching staff of a school—it is as weak
as its weakest teacher.    It may generally be said, however, it is as weak 1
as its principal. I point this out in the hope that this Board will hereafter
definitely commit itself to the policy of securing real strong men as principals of our schools, even if it has to be done at greater cost. If you can
"get the. right men to guide the teaching staffs of your many schools with
enthusiasm, intelligence and energy, you can hardly pay them too high a
salary. You have enormously strengthened both your High Schools by
passing over mediocre men and women whom you could have secured at
the minimum salary and engaging strong, experienced teachers. You will
do well to pursue the same policy in connection with the Public Schools.
The stronger you make the work of these, the more successfully will your
High Schools be conducted, building as they do on the foundation laid
for them in the Public Schools.
To the question of school accommodation and equipment I wish to
direct your thoughts. For the past year you have certainly made the best
of every dollar you had to spend in increasing school accommodation. You
have provided fifty new class rooms sufficient to accommodate 2000 pupils.
These rooms should serve the needs of this city, where they are located,
for a generation or more, for they are well built. Their general equipment
too, is good; but in special equipment they are lacking as are also many
of your older schools. This scarcity of special equipment, I know full
well, was not of your planning but in spite of your planning to the contrary.
And, while I should be sorry to utter a syllable that would mar the kindly
relations that have so long existed between the City Council and this Board,
I feel it is my duty, as your advisor, to urge upon you the necessity of
making a determined stand for a sufficient sum of money from the city
treasury to provide our schools, during the coming year, with at least the
bare necessities. * You should be the best judges as to what these are. I
regard as necessities—good maps, drawing models, supplementary readers,
music books, library books, etc., etc. You planned to spend $1,500 on
library books last year, you spent about $300—less than three cents per
pupil. On other necessities you were obliged to resort to similar economy—
falsely so called. It is to be hoped it will be different for 1914. If
retrenchment is to be practiced, let it be on the luxuries of school life, not
on necessities, if our schools are to flourish.
: One of the most commendable features in our school life for the
past year has been the intense interest taken by almost all our teachers in
their school work. Their hearty co-operation I have constantly enjoyed on-
all important questions; and it seemed to me, as the year passed by, that
teachers became more and more particular about the careful performance
of those many minor duties which in the aggregate count for so much in
the life of a school. The tone of the classes, too, has been good. Most
of the pupils have been enjoying their work, regarding their teachers as
friends; and, while a number of parents have come to complain to me of
teachers, I believe the number of parents who appreciate the fidelity of BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
teachers is steadily increasing. I shall continue to make it an important
aim in my work to encourage this mutual friendship between the greatest
friends of youth—the teacher and the parent.
To develop more completely the proper esprit de corps among your
teachers, you have wisely set aside a room in this building to be used by
them as their club room. Permit me to suggest that you make that room
all that it should be for your teachers. At small cost it can be equipped
with a suitable library, the latest educational magazines, papers, etc. With
the co-operation of the teachers which I know you may depend upon, you
should make this room one of the most pleasing features in this building.
In conclusion I must express the pleasure I find in looking back over
the work of the past year. Not only in our schools but here in our offices
the work of the year appears to me to have been gradually getting down to
a more satisfactory basis; and we begin the new year with the assurance
that better work will be done in 1914 than in 1913 and with less anxiety
and exertion. The JVIanual of Rules and Regulations which, after much
careful work, you have completed will be of immense value to your various
officials in the discharge of their duties.
Respectfully submitted,
Municipal  Inspector of Schools. 1
Vancouver, B. C, January 6th, 1914.
/. S. Gordon, Esq.,
Municipal Inspector,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:—
I have much pleasure in submitting to you the Annual Report on
Medical Inspection for the year ending December 31st, 1913.
of schools   31
enrolment (October,  1913)    12,990
of Inspections -  66,592
pupils physically examined    12,182
examined at School Clinic  |      1,340
excluded from school          550
readmitted to school         954
notices sent to parents.      6,649
home visits       3,809
school visits I - .      1,424
pupils receiving treatment I .     ....4,690
swabs taken from sore throats  47
swabs positive for Diphtheria  .   3
teachers examined physically    168
McGill Students examined     123
Grand total of examinations and inspections    79,065
Conditions Found in 12,182 Physical Examinations.
Received treatment      4,690
Defective vision    :..  373
Eyestrain  (vision not defective)  .....   252
 !  77
.....: |  40
Far sight glasses....
Short sight glasses
Discharging ears  ..
Wax in ears 	 Drinking Fountain,  Nelson School.
Boiler  Room,  Nelson  Scho BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES        31
10.     Defective nasal breathing   21
1 1.     Defective Speech  22
12. Cleft palate ]  6
13. Carious permanent teeth  6,208
14. Enlarged tonsils and adenoids  2,132
1 5.    Goitre ^XSj  108
16.     Enlarged Cervical Glands   413
1 7.     Palpable Cervical Glands    2,627
18. Anaemia   335
19. Organic and functional heart disturbances :.  259
20. Pulmonary diseases   .'. 55
21. Deformities of Spine  13
22. "         | Chest   94
23. "  Extremities  29
24. Defective  Nutrition    66
25. Defective Mentality  25
26. Extremely backward    48
27. Chorea  3
28. Torticollis  1
29. Infantilism  2
Conditions found in 79,065 inspections of children, made while school
was in session.
A. Skin Diseases—
1.     Eczema           85
. 2.     Impetigo           96
3. Pediculosis*      1,843
4. Ringworm   54
5. Scabies      73
6. Unclean       ........  539
*2.39r. This also includes cases where even a few dead nits were
found and in many cases the same child has been counted as a separate
case two or three times.    It is therefore, a remarkably low percentage.
B. Communicable Diseases Discovered in School—
1. Chicken pox      17
2. Measles  :.   3
3. Mumps :......  ;......  22
4. Whooping cough  .....  12
5. Scarlet fever  ;    0
6. Diphtheria :..,....  3 Ventilating System—
Dawson School
No. 1 illustrates the triple
sheet of water through which
air is drawn by the 10-ft.
Sirocco fan shown in No. 2
before being forced into the
class rooms. This ensures
a perfectly pure and adequate air supply ., to all
Number of school children developing communicable diseases while
not in attendance at school:
1. Chicken pox   85
2. Measles  57
3. Diphtheria  25
4. Mumps  256
5. Scarlet fever   31
6. Typhoid    4
7. Whooping cough  80
8. Anterior poliomyelitis ,  1
Of 1 0,000 children, the following numbers were found to have had
the following infectious diseases prior to their examination by the School
Medical Officer:
Measles ..:  8,099
Scarlet fever  1,161
Diphtheria  372
Whooping cough  6,036
A study of the statistics for the last ten years in London, England,
shows that school attendance while the schools are under Medical Supervision, has but little effect on the spread of scarlet fever and diphtheria,
there being practically the same number of children having these two diseases during the long summer vacation as there is when school is in. session.
With measles, however, it would seem that while schools are in session that
there is an increase in the number of children taking the disease. In order
to reduce as far as possible the spread of this disease in school, the London
County Council for some years adopted the practice of watching the first
cases and excluding from school all those in the affected class, that had not
had measles previously, from the 9th to the 1 4th day after the first one
was taken ill. As measles usually develops about 12 days after the child
is exposed to the infection, those children who were infected by the first
case developed the disease while at home and consequently did not infect
other children at school, which would certainly have happened if they had
been allowed to attend until they developed the initial symptoms of the disease. It was found, however, that the more successful this method proved in
the younger classes, the more frequently they had to resort to it as pupils
became older, and that, of the pupils that became old enough to leave school,
85 % had developed measles previously; being the same percentage as
existed previous to the adoption of the class closure scheme. This showed
that while it was possible for a short time to lessen the number of cases
of Measles in a class by the method of class closure, that it was simply
a matter of delay and that ultimately 85%  of those in the class would 34
have contracted measles. It was further shown that when 30% of the
pupils had not had measles, that an epidemic was in order which would
spread till only 15% remained unaffected.
In Vancouver we have never adopted class closure for measles and
the report of the work in London would apparently justify us. Instead,
we visit every child that remains away from school with any rash and if
the disease is measles or any other infectious disease, the necessity of quarantine is explained to the parents.
The City Health Department and School Medical Department work
hand in hand to control infectious disease. Each immediately notifies the
other as soon as a case of infectious disease is discovered. Whenever a
school is affected the classes' attended by the sick child and its brothers
and sisters are placed under supervision. In scarlet fever and diphtheria
and small pox, the classes are inspected immediately and re-inspections take
place regularly till the danger of the disease breaking out in others of the
class is past. All sore throats are examined and specimens taken to the
hospital for a bacteriological report. We do all in our power, by supervision, by home-visitation and by judicious use of disinfection and fumigation
to prevent the spread of infectious disease in our schools.
In regard to the size of families:    In 10,033 of the children examined,
1,365 belonged to families i
2,100 "
1,550 I
1,250 I
753 "
349 I
202 I
142 I
[ which there was
These figures merely give a relative idea as to the size of the families
in Vancouver.
In regard to Vaccination:— In 10,430 examined, 2,889 had been
vaccinated successfully during the last seven years and 7,541 were without
protection. In many of the infant classes not more than 1 5 % had been
vaccinated. It will therefore not be long before the greater part of the
population of our city will be unprotected against small-pox, and we may
look forward with apprehension to an epidemic such as swept the city of
Montreal in 1885 when a large proportion of the population of that city
was in an unprotected condition because of failure to avail themselves of BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 35
vaccination. As regards the schools, I feel that it is the duty of the educational authorities to demand a certificate of vaccination from every child
applying for entrance to our public schools, and only in cases where the
parents go before a magistrate and swear that they have conscientious objections, should exemption be granted.
Our Method of Conducting Examinations.
Every year each child receives a separate examination as to its general
physical condition, particular attention being given to the eyes, ears,
nose, throat, glands and nutrition.    The height and weight are taken and
the vision is tested by the teachers.    Children showing defects or having	
complaints when questioned at the annual inspection are re-examined. In
addition to the general examination each child in the First Reader, Intermediate A and Senior B classes receives a fairly thorough examination of
the heart and a very superficial examination of the lungs. In examining
the lungs, if anything is discovered which would indicate that a more thorough examination is necessary, the child is told to report for a more complete
examination at the School Board Office. In conducting these examinations
the children are taken to a separate room, in schools so equipped to the
Medical room, in groups of 6 or 7—boys and girls separately. In the
room the children are taken singly behind a screen, the clothing around the
upper part of the chest is loosened sufficiently (boys are usually stripped
to the waist), and they receive their examination by the doctor in privacy
A nurse prepares the children for examination and notes on the child's
Physical Record Card any defects. Notices are sent and home visits made
when necessary.
In Regard to Treatment.
All cases of contagious skin disease, such as Ringworm, Itch, Pediculosis, etc., obtain treatment. As soon as a case is discovered in
school the child affected is excluded and the parent and the School Medical
Officer are notified. It is the duty of the school nurse to visit these cases
promptly and to urge on the parent the necessity for immediate treatment.
They are advised to go to the family physician for treatment but when
circumstances are such that this is impossible, then the school nurse will
demonstrate the proper method to follow to relieve the child of the disease.
The school nurse never suggests any particular doctor nor does she ever
suggest any line of treatment for any disease except those specified above.
In other conditions, such as bad eyesight, discharging ears, deformities, etc.,
when the parents are too poor to get treatment, arrangements are made with
doctors, specialists if necessary, to care for them free of charge. The
readiness with which our Vancouver doctors have taken charge of these
cases is worthy of the highest commendation.
Comparatively few children receive treatment for enlarged tonsils
though the majority of the worst cases undoubtedly do receive treatment. 36 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
The parents are always notified when the tonsils are found moderately
enlarged and they are advised to get the advice of their family physician.
Only in those cases in which the tonsils are excessively large or diseased
does the nurse visit the home to urge treatment. In these cases the home is
visited at intervals till treatment is obtained or until the parent flatly refuses
to obtain treatment.
Up to the present time in Vancouver as in all other places, treatment
for the teeth in children for the first 5 or 6 years of school life, has been
very much neglected. This is, however, to be remedied, and a School
Dental Clinic will open at the School Board Offices in January, 1914.
Special Classes.
At the present time we have two classes for mentally defective children
in operation at the Central School. There are some 24 enrolled. There
are a number on the waiting list that have applied for admission and several
other children who are at the present time in attendance at our public schools.
We have, therefore, sufficient material for a third class, which I believe
is to be started next February. The children in these classes have progressed
very favorably under the influence of their two very capable teachers, Miss
Dauphinee and Miss Kerr.
There is urgent need at the present time for the establishment of a
class for very backward pupils. During the past year some 48 of these
pupils were examined and all were in need of some special modification
of the ordinary curriculum. The parents were visited and a sufficient
number expressed their desire to place their children in a special class: such
a class could have been formed at once had the teacher and a classroom
been available. However, a room has been promised in the New Dawson
School and it is expected that the class will be started about the first of
February,   1914.
Open Air Classes.
At the present time there is no open air class in session for the full
school year. Last November the Board erected two buildings at the
Children's Aid, so designed that they can be used as open air classrooms
during the warmer months of the spring and fall. The windows of the
new West Kitsilano School have been so arranged that any one or all of
the classrooms may be quickly and easily converted into an open air room
whenever desired during the spring and fall. I feel sure that there is a
sufficient demand to keep one or more open air classes in operation during
the entire year. Several parents have already told me how much they
would like to send their children to such a class. To get an idea as to the
number of parents that would be willing to send their children, I would
recommend that an advertisement be inserted in our daily newspapers,
acquainting the people with the project and telling them that the Board BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
would be willing to start classes if a sufficient number would express their
willingness to send their children.
The course in Physical Culture outlined by the Strathcona Trust, is
regularly given each day to the children of our schools. Under Mr. Bundy's
able supervision the teachers are getting excellent results with the normal
children but many of the other children require regularly, special exercises
and instruction to cure or to improve existing deformities or defects.    This
Head  Nurse  on  Duly  in  School  Clinic.
phase of Physical Culture has not been developed, because of the lack of
facilities to the extent required, though no doubt during the coming year
it will receive the attention it deserves. Another point, particularly in
reference to breathing exercises, is the advisability of taking these exercises,
weather permitting, in the open air. The air in the classroom, though as
good as the most modern methods of ventilation can make it, is infinitely
inferior to the air outdoors.
In January 1913, a by-law was passed for the purpose of
building a gymnasium at the King Edward High School. This is a step
forward in the right direction. In order, however, to obtain results which
will justify the large expenditure necessary, it will be most important to
make Physical Culture a compulsory part of the curriculum—with physical ■II
Wash Basins—Nelson School.
i m
\ ijfcf      |
1     '
Toilet, Nelson School. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 39
defectives, of course, to modify the exercises so that the physical infirmity
may be benefitted. An exercise period of one hour, taken at least twice a
week should be the minimum amount of time given by each pupil to physical
culture. It will be necessary to appoint at least two instructors, one male
and one female. It will be most important to have the gymnasium, the
dressing rooms, and bath rooms well lighted, heated and ventilated. A
careful physical examination of each student to determine what exercises
may be taken and what modification may be required should be undertaken
at the beginning of each autumn term.
In concluding this report, I must express to the members of the
School Board, the various officials, the teachers and the janitors, the appreciation of the Medical Department for their co-operation and aid in carrying
out the work of medical inspection in our schools.
Respectfully  submitted,
School Medical Officer.
Vancouver, B. C, December 30th, 1913.
Dr. F. W. Brydone-Jack,
School Medical Officer,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:—   \
I have the honor to submit the following report of the School Nursing
In November, 1912, it was seen that owing to the increase of work
and the growing importance and value of home visiting, that the nursing
staff was inadequate and in order to carry out the plan of work satisfactorily,
additions must be made to it; therefore, at the opening of the winter term,
January, 1913, two nurses were added, raising the number to four.
The nurses' work in the schools has proceeded in the usual way, each
school being visited regularly according to schedule and each child being
inspected once a month.
During the year, the nurses have made 1,239 visits to schools and
3,809 home visits. A great deal of time has been given to home visiting as
we felt that this branch of the work was most valuable. Many treatments
have been secured for children whose ailments would have been neglected
had the nurse not visited the home, and many contagious diseases discovered
and the necessary precautions taken, which, had not the homes been visited,
would have resulted probably in many more cases. The nurses also visited
a number of cases where children were reported absent with illnesses of 40 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES	
various kinds,—contagious and otherwise—and found no illness existing,
and the children remaining home from school from carelessness or indifference on the part of the parents to obtain a clearance, this of course
resulting in a serious loss of school time. By calling on all reported cases
of illness promptly, the nursing service is endeavoring to remedy this condition.
The home conditions have a great bearing on the health of the school
child. We are fortunate in Vancouver in having the great majority of
our children living under good conditions and coming from good homes,
but we have many living under conditions which are extremely harmful
both physically and morally. These conditions are surprising to most and
the discovery of them is one of the results of the School Nurses' visits. The
cabins are still in use for families, and there are many rooms in blocks,
where whole families are crowded into one dark room without ordinary
conveniences. Another type of home from which children come to school,
is the rooming house. In these, the children are shoved out into hallways
and passages in order that every available space may be rented, and in
many cases the bed for the children, often three or four of them, is in the
front hall, under the slant of the stairs. Then there are the basement
dwellings and the small one-roomed shacks, found in the outskirts of the
city. In one of these shacks this fall, a family of six were living with no
convenience of any kind and drinking water from a stream not far away,
which we found to be greatly polluted. It is with the children and mothers
in homes of this kind that the school nurse finds her greatest field of work.
Ignorance, shiftlessness, indifference and poverty are constantly confronting
her with the attendant disease and distress arising from them. The people
are beginning to look to the school nurses for help and relief, not only for
advice and aid in illness, but with increasing frequency for food and
clothes and fuel. These calls cannot be disregarded, and we feel that to
hold our influence we must help: therefore, we have established a "first aid"
system, the necessary funds being given by the teachers, by which we
can give immediate relief to the needy cases, before handing them over
to the different organizations for this charitable work. Many cases
come to the school nurses through the children, discovered often by
the nurse observing the ragged clothes and worn-out shoes, and the
hungry, ill-nourished appearance. A few questions will bring the whole
story, and she soon finds that the child who is under-fed and improperly
clothed, is not doing good school work. Very often these cases would be
overlooked and children go hungry through the parents' pride and fear of
the publicity in applying for aid.
We have found that the School Nurses' influence in the homes has
grown much stronger in the past year. Mothers often enquire when the
nurse will be at the school and come to consult her about different matters.
This shows that the School Nurses are gaining a place and that their influ- BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
ence over the children will be greater, and their teachings more thoughtfully
received, owing to the confidence which is being placed in them by the
parents. This is the direct result of home visiting, which we feel repays us
for the time spent on this branch of the work, and we confidently expect that
it will lead to better things for the children of the future.
The aid given and the interest taken in the work of the School
Nurses during the past year by the principals and teachers has been of great
assistance, and is much appreciated by the nursing staff.
Treatment for several children, whose parents have been unable to
obtain it for them has been generously given by several of the medical men
of the city, and the staff is most grateful for this help.
There have been a large number of applications for positions on the
nursing staff and a number of nurses have applied for a post graduate
course in school nursing—only one of these was given as the pressure of
work was too great to allow the time to be taken to give it satisfactorily.
A request was received from the Victorian Order of Nurses, that
their nurses be given a week's work in the schools, in order that some idea
of the work might be obtained, as in many of the country places, they are
asked to assist the School Medical Officer. This request-was acceded to,
and five nurses have received a week's tuition.
All of which is respectfully submitted,
Head   Nurse. 2.'
S.   Northrop,   Supervisoi
Gordon, Municipal Inspector.
Manual      6.
3. Miss E. Berry, Supervisor, Domes
tic Science.
4. G. P. Hicks, Supervisor, Music.
5. W. P. Weston, Supervisor, Draw
Lieut. Bundy, Supervisor, Physical Culture.
Miss M. Creelman, Supervisor,
Miss E. Trembath, Supervisor,
Primary Work.
Miss C. E. Butler, Assist. Supervisor, Music. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
B. C, Dec. 30th, 1913.
/. 5. Gordon, Esq.,
Municipal Inspector of Schools,
Dear Sir:—
I beg to submit my report on drawing for the past year. This has
been the most successful all round year for this subject that we have yet
had, producing more solid results than any hitherto achieved. This is
attributable to several causes; firstly, we have had more continuity of
purpose between the grades with more definite outlines of work to be
accomplished; secondly, we have had fewer changes in the staff than in
previous years, and thirdly, many of our new teachers have been through
the Provincial Normal School and know better what is now expected in
this subject and consequendy are able to take hold of the work more readily.
The results of the summer examinations were most satisfactory and mark
the progress being made. Out of over six hundred candidates at the
Entrance Examination there were only twenty failures in drawing, making
96 per cent of passes, whilst in the King Edward High School only one
failure occurred out of over three hundred students taking the examination,
the average mark being 67 per cent. Last year I mentioned the difficulty of
teaching nature drawing and that it was our weakest section. From the
large collection of work submitted last June, however, it was evident that
much earnest work had been accomplished in this direction in all grades,
much of the work being of a high order. Whilst mentioning the work
submitted I might add that though many teachers are giving attention to
• the arrangement and setting out of work, the majority still entirely neglect
this important point.
Ruler work has been attacked with much better results in the Junior
Grades, but in the Intermediate and Senior Grades this work does not show
the accuracy and finish that is to be expected in purely mechanical work,
especially when used in connection with colour. The drawing of models and
objects is progressing, but I should like to see more variety and originality
shown in the choosing and placing of objects, especially in the Junior and
Intermediate Grades. The design work has kept up to the standard of last
year and in the Entrance Classes especially the work has shown a far
better finish than formerly. A large exhibit was shown at Hastings Park
in September but unfortunately the space allotted did not show the work
to advantage. Another exhibit has just been completed and despatched
to Melbourne, and I regret that time did not allow of its being shown in
the schools, but hope that it will be possible to do so on its return as it
was certainly the best one put together from our schools.    This is specially 44 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
worthy of mention as all the work included in it has been selected from the
regular class work of the year.
In conclusion I wish to thank the principals and teachers for their
hearty co-operation in this work, and hope that the coming year will see
still further improvements and strengthening of the weak spots mentioned
Respectfully yours,
Supervisor of Drawing.
Drawn by J.  Armstrong,  Evening  Class. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Vancouver, B. C, January 6th, 1914.
/. S. Gordon, Esq., ',
Municipal Inspector of Schools,
Dear Sir:—
I have much pleasure in presenting this my eighth annual report of
the Music Department of our schools.
It is good at the end of the year to take a retrospect of the year's
work, and note the ups and downs; it serves as a guide for future operations.    We can often profit by the failures of the past.
I have been much encouraged during the past year by the earnestness
and devotion of the teachers in this branch of education, and the cordiality
exhibited towards myself and colleague. It is a real pleasure to work with
such a splendid body of teachers as are found in our schools.
• The singing has greatly improved throughout our schools, and part
singing is becoming general in our senior classes; which is having a good
effect upon the school generally. Our teachers as a body are getting a
better grip of the subject and through their increased knowledge comes a
greater love of the subject.    Music wends its way when given a chance.
During the summer I went abroad to enquire into the working of the
subject in various places on this continent, and in the British Isles, and
was delighted to find music taking a much higher place in the school
curriculum than ever before. Much that I saw and heard pleased me
very much, and was very helpful. It also gave me an opportunity of
comparing our work with that of others, which is most helpful to any one
desiring high attainment.
I have no hesitation in saying that our work will compare favourably
with much that I saw elsewhere, which I think is highly creditable to our
staff considering all the difficulties that have beset their path. Some of the
work that I witnessed abroad was an inspiration to me, particularly in the
Senior Classes and High Schools.
The rapid growth of our city and the continued influx of pupils and
teachers, necessitating continual change have been very disturbing factors,
and have tended to retard the work somewhat. Notwithstanding all this,
the progress made during the year is satisfactory and encouraging.
The closing exercises in the several schools were the best we have
yet had. Much of the music rendered was of a high order, and reflected
great credit upon the pupils and teachers. 46 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
I find that there is a growing appreciation of music in our city, which
is the logical outcome of music teaching in the schools, for the children
of today are the men and women of tomorrow. It also tends to refinement
and good citizenship.
The auditoriums in connection with some of our schools are now
being used for assemble practice, and occasional entertainments which are
helpful and inspiring.
Our Night School Classes have been well attended, the members
taking a keen interest in their work.
Occasionally the Choral and Orchestral Classes unite forces in presenting to the public results of their work in the class rooms. Very marked
success has attended their efforts, which have been greatly appreciated by
the public. They are now the most important and influential musical
organization in the City, which is precisely as it should be.
Such classical works as: Sterndale Bennett's "May Queen," Sullivan's
"Festival Le Deune," and Handel's "Messiah" have been performed by
them in a most praiseworthy manner. These classes are productive of much
good, and their influence is being felt throughout the community. I hope
soon to be able to enlarge the sphere of operation, by establishing classes
in various parts of the City, thus giving our young men and women the
opportunity of continuing their musical studies near at home instead of
being compelled to take long and costly car rides to a certain place.
I should like to see Music systematically taught in our High Schools.
I am satisfied from my observations abroad that it can be done without
in any way detracting from other studies. Practically all of the pupils
in these schools have passed through our grade schools, and have been
taught the first principles of singing and reading music, and it seems an
unfortunate thing that they should have to lay it all aside when they reach
the higher grade school. I have seen such beautiful work in High Schools
in many other places that I long to see something done here, thereby linking
Up the work of the grade schools with the more advanced work carried on
in our Night Classes.
In closing I wish to again thank the Board of Trustees, and yourself,
Sir, the Principals and Teachers for the uniform kindness and assistance
given me during the past year.
Respectfully submitted,
Supervisor of Music. ±*m
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 17, 1913.
J. S. Gordon, Esq.,
Municipal Inspector of Schools,
Dear Sir:
Physical Culture—I have the honor to submit to you this brief
report dealing with the subjects of Physical Culture and Cadet Corps,
both of which I have the honor to supervise. At the beginning of the year
1913, it was decided to grade the present course of physical exercises, as
now adopted, under the conditions of the Strathcona Trust.
Grading of Exercises—This grading was possible owing to a
good foundation having been laid, more especially for the reason that most
all classes except those of the Entrance grade, commenced at the beginning
of the course.
TEACHERS QUALIFYING—At the time above stated, approximately
two-thirds of the teachers on the school staff had availed themselves of the
opportunities offered for qualifying in the subject, and with a very few
exceptions, all were doing their best to instruct the pupils in the series of
exercises as set out for the grades. Following is a schedule of the tables
of exercises for each grade:
Grade 1st Term 2nd Term    Remarks
Beginners—Tables 1 to 4— (each term)
First Primer       5 to    8 9 to  13
Second Primer     14 to   1 7 18 to  22
First Reader     23 to 26 27  to  31
Second Reader    32 to  35 36 to 40
Intermediate  A     41 to  44 45  to  48
Intermediate   B      49 to  52 53  to  56
Senior A  :  57 to 60 61   to 64
Entrance Class    65 to 68 69  to  72
During the winter months of 1912-13, no less than one hundred and
thirty (130) teachers attended the. Night Classes for physical culture
lessons. The course was continued for six (6) months, and in April one
hundred and eleven (111) presented themselves for examination. All
were successful in passing, and obtaining the certificate, Major A. B.
Snow, of Victoria, B. C, being the examining officer.
The result of this course placed nearly all our teachers on the qualified
list, and the pupils received the benefit accordingly.  BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 49
ENTRANCE GRADES—The pupils of the Entrance grade were given
until August, 1913, before commencing the exercises set apart for them,
and while in some instances good results have been obtained, I regret to
state that in others very few lessons have been taught, these instances have
been mentioned in monthly reports.
Additions and Changes—At the commencement of the school
term in August, a number of new teachers were added to the staff, and it
was found that the number of unqualified teachers had increased from six
(6) to ten (10). As most all these are attending the present Night Class,
now being held at the King Edward High School, I think the prospects
for the year 1914 are all that could be desired. The final result of
grading the tables of exercises has been satisfactory, and while it may
appear in some cases that a pupil has missed some of these tables, in passing
from one class to another, this is not harmful, as the next series of exercises
is mostly review of movements which have been supposedly missed. In
commenting on this system of Physical Exercises, I must state that it is
one of the best that has come under my notice, and I now think it is fully
appreciated by all teachers.
CADET Corps—At the beginning of the year a consultation was held
with Major A. B. Snow, Organizer and Inspector of Cadets for the Province of B. C, as to the advisibility of extending the formation of Cadet
Corps throughout the City Schools, in order to give all boys who wished
to enrol an opportunity of taking advantage of the privileges, etc.
Plan of Procedure—A plan of procedure was prepared, submitted, and approved, setting forth clearly how these Corps could be raised
and continued successfully to the advantage of many, providing a proper
spirit of Cadet instruction be maintained.
ORGANIZATION—On being asked by the Board of Trustees to
undertake to organize these proposed Companies of Cadets and supervise the same, I immediately proceeded with the duty, and I am pleased
to report having received most hearty support from the principals and
teachers. At the beginning it was thought that if eight (8) companies
could be organized for the year, good progress would have been made. It
was, however, seen at the outset that the boys were so interested in the
movement that more companies could be formed. This was very encouraging indeed and resulted in the formation of thirteen (13) companies,
the formation of which is as follows:
Officers    Cadets     Instructors       Total
No. 433—Fairview School D. A. Boyes...  3       28 1 32
No. 434—Kitsilano School T. W. Woodhead 3      27 1 31
No. 435—Tennyson SchooL_....H. L. Paget 3      24 1 28 50
No. 436—Dawson School....
No. 437—Grandview School.....
No. 438—Simon Fraser School.
No. 439—Gen. Gordon School.
No. 440—Lord Nelson School.
No. 442—Alexandra School	
No. 443—Cecil Rhodes School.
No. 445—Model School	
No. 446—Macdonald School....
No. 462—Laura Secord School.
J. R. Pollock.    \      I
V. Z. Manning /
R.  Straight    3
0. J. Thomas   3
H.   B.   King   3
F. A. Jewett   3
1. M.  Mullin  3
R. P. Steeves   3
J. Dunbar    3
W. C. Keith  3
L. B. Code   3
Cadets Instrs,
58    2
31     1
29    1
43    1
39    1
27    1
36    1
26    1
26    1
27    1
Grand total   474
As very little could be done in making the movement a success without funds, it was decided to request the City Council to grant the sum of
two thousand ($2,000) dollars for this purpose. The sum asked for was
most graciously granted, and every care has been taken of the expenditure
of the same. A copy of the audited account is herewith attached, and the
books are open for inspection at any time.
Like all other ventures of a similar nature, time was required. Applications for organization were the first items to receive attention, these
were followed by requisitions for Arms, Equipment, etc., which are supplied by the Department of Militia, and other details of organization
which are too numerous to mention.
The most important part of the organization being the securing of the
Instructors of Corps, it is most gratifying to report that about twenty of our
Principals and Vice-Principals attended a course of instruction to qualify as
officers of the Corps of School Cadet Instructors with the rank of Lieutenant.
Thirteen (13) of these gentlemen are now the instructors of the
companies, and it is well known that no better procedure could be
Instruction of these companies was at once commenced, and in July they
were sufficiendy well advanced to be able to attend the Cadet Camp at
Sidney, Vancouver Island.
An excellent report on the department of the Public School Cadets
while in Camp was received, and a great deal of credit was due and given
to the Cadet Instructors who accompanied and instructed the boys during
the six (6) days' camp. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
INSPECTION—At the commencement of the school term in August,
the instruction was continued, and on November 15 th an inspection was
held in the Drill Hall by Major A. B. Snow, and while the weather on
that day was not all that was desired, the attendance was considered good.
The trophy kindly donated by Aid. Geo. McSpadden, who is also
the Officer Commanding the Irish Fusiliers of Canada, was competed for,
and was won by the General Gordon School Cadet Corps, Lieut. H. B.
King commanding.
While very little has been said, it will be seen that a great deal has
been accomplished, and after several months of unavoidable delay, notification has been received that all equipment is expected daily.
UNIFORMS—The khaki uniforms for the companies are being
purchased through A. P. Brown & Co., of Pender Street, City, and are
considered to be exceedingly smart and workman like.
On the completion of all issues, the first Public Parade will be called,
at which the presentation of the McSpadden Cup will be made, and at
which the parents of the cadets will be invited and an open welcome
extended to one and all interested. It is to be hoped that no regrets
will be expressed regarding the expenditure of the $2,000 so kindly granted
towards this movement.
Applications for the formation of other companies have been received,
but it is not considered advisable to proceed with these until further financial
support is obtained.
Other Subjects—Although of equal importance, the Daily
Movements of pupils, such as Fire Drill, Dismissing and Assembling, have
also received the'necessary attention.
RlFLE Teams—The official rifle teams, of which there are now
twenty-two (22) and who represent as many of our city schools, have
continued to attend faithfully the instruction given by Lieut. V. Z. Manning. The attached report on this subject for the term ending June 30th,
1913, explains fully the progress and doings of these teams.
In conclusion I desire to take this opportunity of thanking the Board
of Trustees, yourself, cadet instructors and all teachers of the staff for
the assistance given me while trying to carry out my duties.
Respectfully submitted,
Supervisor of Cadets and Physical Culture. 52
Vancouver, B. C, July 7,  1913.
Lieut. A. C. Bundy,
Supervisor of Physical Culture,
Board of School Trustees,
Dear Sir:—
I have the honor to submit a report of the Rifle Practice for the
school year  1912-1913.
After a most successful year the Public School Rifle Competition has
been concluded. Many new schools were represented in the competition this
year, making in all twenty teams. The keen interest the boys take in the
work is shown by the fact that of the twenty entered not one dropped out
during the year.
The competition takes place at the Drill Hall, by the courtesy of
Lt. Col. J. Duff-Stuart, and is held after school hours. Each school
receives a practice fortnightly, making in.all twelve practices for the year.
Some excellent scores were put up by the young marksmen. During
the last round all previous records for the range were broken by several
teams.    At present the Model boys hold the record for the range, with BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
258 for a team of eight boys. This is an average of slightly over 32
out of a possible 35, which is very creditable indeed. The Dawson and
Macdonald teams are in second and third places for high score with 256
and 255 respectively.
In order to encourage the boys in their work, cups and medals are
donated by firms and business men of the city. This year Sam Scott,
the Boys' Clothier, assisted materially in the prize list by offering a hat to
the boy coming second in each school.
The Model team again leads all the other schools in total, having
the high score of 2840 to their credit, and as a result they win outright
the Challenge Cup presented by Ex-Mayor Findiay. The Dawson team,
however, is a close second with 2816, thus securing possession of the
Townley Cup for a year.
The best individual shot for the year was E. Rennie, who led with
385 out of a possible 420, or an average of 32 per practice. E. Erickson
was second with 384 and J. Willmon third with 382. Each of these
boys will receive medals presented by the B. C. Rifle Association.
Mr. V. Z. Manning, who is rifle instructor for the teams, wishes on
behalf of the boys to express their hearty thanks to the donors of the cups
and prizes mentioned below.
The standing of the twenty teams at the close of the season is as
Model Team  2840
Dawson     2816
Macdonald  1  2752
Seymour  2700
Henry Hudson  2550
Mt. Pleasant  2486
Central    2468
Lord Nelson \  2450
Cecil  Rhodes  2416
Strathcona   2397
Florence Nightingale  2318
Lord Roberts...  2290
Lord Tennyson  2276
Fairview   2243
Alexandra   2237
General  Gordon   2197
Simon Fraser  2194
Kitsilano   2166
Grandview     2143
Hastings    1942
Trie individual prize winners and their scores follows:
School                                 Name                           Score Prize
Model (1)   E.   Rannie      385 Cup
(2)   D. Crozier       375 Hat
Dawson (1)   G.   Burritt        370 Cup
(2)   F.  Clark       369 Hat 54
Henry Hudson	
Lord Tennyson	
Mt. Pleasant j
Lord  Nelson	
Cecil Rhodes	
Florence Nightingale
Lord Roberts	
General Gordon	
Simon Fraser	
G. Doran  373 Cup
F.Clark  369 Hat
E. Erickson   384 Cup
E. McPherson    362 Hat
J.   Doidge     330 Cup
D. Dewar    326 Hat
W. McNair   371 Cup
G. Harvey   "327 Hat
S.  Hallander    344 Cup
F. Grant   322 Hat
R.  McDonald   367 Cup
R. Girvin   318 Hat
E. Wood  338  - Cup
R.  Heay    335 Hat
J.   Willmon     382 Cup
E. Rolston   330 Hat
L.   McDonald    324 Cup
J.   Cameron    31 1 Hat
T. Lochead   337 Cup
W.   O'Leary     292 Hat
D. McQueen   355 Cup
A. Gait    338 Hat
L. Kyle   354 Cup
C. Welsh   323 Hat
D. Clark   337 Cup
F. Tupper   317 Hat
J.   Wilkinson    335 Cup
L.  Johnston   280 Hat
W.   Waters    298 Cup
L. Hudson   195 Hat
C. Mathers   289 Cup
P. Acteson   288 Hat
H.   McRae    315 Cup
R. Alexander I | 291 Hat
S.  Milne   270 Cup
K.  Connors   269 Hat BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 55
The boys who won special prizes for "possibles" were R. McDonald
and E. Rannie with two each, and A. Hicks, E. Allen, A. Gait, C. Tall-
man, D. McQueen, J. Willmon, and W. Waters with one each.
The above cups and medals will be exhibited in Henry Birks' windows from June 21st to June 23rd, after which they will be presented to
the winners in their respective schools.
Among those who assisted in making the prize-list a success are: Dr.
Brydone-Jack, C. W. Murray, Henry Birks & Sons, O. B. Allan, Aid.
Kirkpatrick, The Daily Province, The Daily World, Woodward's Stores,
H. R. Godfrey, Aid. T. Evans, Thos. Duke, Sam Scott, The Sun, Aid.
Ramage, Clubb & Stewart, Hudson Bay Co., J. S. Gordon, News-
Advertiser, Tisdall's Ltd., Smith, Davidson & Wright, Col. Leckie, A. E.
Austin, J. B. Rannie, W. Murray, Gordon Drysdale, Marshall & Co.,
and the B. C. Rifle Association.
Respectfully submitted,
Rifle Instructor. 56       BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Statement of Receipts and Expenditures as at September 20th, 1913
Grant from the City Council $2,000.00
Refund on account of Cadet Baggage from Militia
Department          25.00
100 Collar Badges $      25.10
100 Bronze Cap Badges  7.06
500 One-cent Stamps  5.00
Clarke & Stuart, Office Supplies  29.80
Transportation of Cadet  Baggage  25.00
One Rubber Stamp  1.00
Express on Badges (Gaunt & Son)  .60
Sam M. Scott, Refacing 35 Uniforms  105.00
Mrs. W. Jarvis, Suitcase Lost  7.00
Smith, Davidson & Wright, Cash Book  .80
Balance, Cash on Hand $      25.00
Royal Bank     1,793.64
We have examined the above statement, together with the corresponding books and vouchers, and certify that the statement correctly shows
the condition of the Cadet Fund as at September 20th, 1913.
Vancouver, B. C, September 22nd, 1913. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 26, 1913.
J. S. Gordon, Esq.,
Municipal Inspector of Schools,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:—
The general report upon Primary Work for the year 1913 is herewith submitted.
In January there were seventy-one Primary Classes in the City.    The .
number has now increased to eighty-five.
At the beginning of the year the following "Course of Study" for
Primary Classes was submitted to a Committee of Inspectors and a representative of the Normal School. The Course was considered in detail
and adopted.
It was also decided to divide the school year into two terms of five
months' duration, and to grade classes at the close of each term.
First Term—Receiving Class.
Child Life Primer, complete.
Little Red Hen, (optional).
Art Literature Primer,  (optional).
This subject should be commenced at beginning of term in order to give
children a firm foundation for First Primer reading.
Short and long sounds of vowels combined with consonants; words containing
easy combinations, e.g., ee, oo, sh, ch, ar, or, ai, ea, oa, ing, etc.
Words and sentences to be written by children from dictation. Blackboard
should be freely used by children during phonic lesson.
Oral reproduction of stories; memorization of short poems; dictation of phonic
words and sentences; use of capital letter at beginning of sentences and proper
names; period and question-mark; names of days of the week; correction of
errors  of speech.
Reading and writing numbers to 9. Develop relation between object and
Counting by ones to 100.
Counting groups of objects to 36.    Groups of twos, threes, fours, and fives to
be used as units of measure.
Measuring with foot rule. 58 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Note :—
Teachers will be able to work out this course successfully by referring to
McLellan and Ames, Primary Arithmetic, Suggestions to Teachers, pages XI
to XV, Section 1.
Writing and Manual Work.   See Provincial Course.
Nature and Art.    *\
SlNGING.       |3| ." -        -    Special course arranged by Supervisors.
Physical Drill.      J
Second Term—First Primer Class.
First Primer and Child Life First Reader, complete
B. C. Phonic Primer (optional).
Sunbonnet Babies or Hiawatha Primer,  (optional).
Continuation of work begun by Receiving Class. Sounds in Morang's Phonic
Manual to page 62.    Phonics should be correlated with reading.
Reproduction of stories, memorization and dictation exercises continued;
transcription from First Primer, also spelling of ordinary First Primer words;
children should write their names in full and their addresses, also name of school;
illustration of stories as Three Bears, Mother Goose Rhymes, etc., with pencil,
scissors or plasticine.   Nature Study and Art to be correlated with Language.
Complete First Year's Work, Provincial Course.
Writing and Manual Work.   According to Provincial Course.
Nature and Art.    ^
SlNGING. j*   Special course arranged by Supervisors.
Physical Drill.       j
First Term—Second Primer Class.
Second Primer, complete.
B. C. Phonic Primer. ]
Hiawatha Primer, continued.     J-   Optional.
Art Literature, Book 1. J
First Primer work reviewed.    Morang's Phonic Manual from page 63. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Further story reproduction, memorization and dictation; transcription and
spelling from Second Primer (omit | 'Mid Pleasures and Palaces"); study of
good pictures, including study of illustrations in text books; names of the months
and seasons of the year, correlation of Nature Study and Art with Language.
(1) Study of  the  ten unit, its meaning and notation,  and of  the  ten series,
10, 20, 30, etc., to 90.
(2) Reading and writing numbers to 99.
(3) Review combinations of the numbers  1   to 9;   combinations of the numbers to 20.
Writing and Manual Work.    Provincial Course.
Nature and Art.   ^
Singing. V    Special course arranged by Supervisors.
Physical Drill.       J
As the work of the present term will not be finished until the end of
January, this report is necessarily incomplete. Classes will be examined
next month and promotions recommended.
Reading has generally been well taught this year. In the majority
of Receiving Classes the pupils in the "A" and "B" sections have read
two books in a term. The Primer Classes have usually read one supplementary book in addition to the regular ones.
Owing to more careful supervision by the teachers, the character of
the written work is greatly improved. Transcription and dictation exercises
are  receiving  considerable  attention.
Although much more thought is being given to "Number," more
progress  in  this  subject is  desirable.
It is customary to give written tests in spelling during the last month
of each term. The results of spelling tests in June were generally satisfactory, the highest class percentages obtained by "First Primers" were
100 and 98, the lowest 70, the average being 88. The average of the
"Second Primers" was 70, the highest class percentage being 98 and the
lowest 54. Until this term formal spelling was not undertaken in the "First
Primer" Class.
In conclusion I should like to thank the Inspectors, Principals and
Teachers for their co-operation during the past year.
Yours   respectfully,
Supervisor of Primary Work.  BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 31st,  1913.
/. S. Gordon, Esq.,
Municipal Inspector of Schools,
Dear Sir:—
I beg to submit the following Report on the Manual Training Department for 1913:—
There are now twelve centres in the Public Schools and two in the
High Schools. These are working full time with one exception—Florence
Nightingale Centre—which is open only five half-days in each week.
The attendance has been uniformly excellent, there being in February
last 1952 on the rolls in the Public Schools, with an average attendance
of 1790, or 91.7 per cent., and 345 on the rolls in the High Schools;
whilst in December there were 2107 on the rolls in the Public Schools,
and 41 7 in the High Schools, with an average attendance of 92.6 per cent.
The increased number on the rolls is due to two reasons, firstly, to
the opening of the new centre at the Florence Nightingale School, and
secondly to the inclusion of the whole of the Preliminary classes in the
High Schools. | '0^1
The increased number of students in the King Edward High School
led to the appointment of Mr. A. W. Parker to that school for half the
week, but I have also found it necessary to teach there, and at the Britannia
High School on three half days in each week during the last half-year.
In September metal-work classes were commenced for the first time
in both High Schools, the Junior and Matriculation classes only being
allowed this privilege. The work has been successful from the first,
although the short time allowed (2 hours per week) is a severe handicap.
The students in each High School are making the furniture for the
prospective dining rooms of the Domestic Arts Department, and several
articles needed in the Cooking Classes will be supplied by the wood-turning
classes, but, as before stated, with the short time at our disposal we cannot
do much in this direction.
A most important change has been made in the School Law this year,
Manual Training being now specified as one of the subjects required for
entrance into our High Schools. This has already had a marked beneficial
effect on the few boys who absented themselves needlessly, and who affected
indifference to the work.     It is a step in the right direction, and I trust 62 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES	
is the forerunner of a series which will end in the establishment of a full
recognition of the needs of those pupils who are destined to become artisans.
There was some discussion at the beginning of the year about curtailing
expenditure. I wish therefore to place before you a comparative statement
of current expenses in several cities of the United States. For purposes
of comparison I have reduced all to per capita cost of material used in a
l1^ horn* session per week for one year. Boston, Mass., costs $1.00;
Buffalo, N. Y., $2.75; Springfield, Mass., $1.40, and Seattle, Wash.,
Vancouver's cost on the same basis is 96 cents, but this includes High
School classes, which is not the case in the cities given. Much of the
praise for this satisfactory condition is due to the Manual Training Staff
for their successful efforts in economising material and curtailing waste
without sacrificing efficiency.
Faithfully yours,
Supervisor of Manual Training. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 17th, 1913.
J. S. Gordon, Esq.,
Municipal Inspector of Schools,
Dear Sir:—
I beg to submit the following report of the Domestic Science Department of the Public Schools for the year 191 3.
No report of this department appeared in the Trustees' Annual Report
for the year 1912, owing to the absence of the Supervisor, who was granted
leave of absence, after organizing the work for the coming year, to take
a course at Columbia University, New York City. During her absence
the work was carried on by the teachers as planned, and special thanks
are due yourself, Sir, our teachers in this department, as well as the
Principals of the schools, Trustee Mrs. McNaughton, Mr. S. Northrop
of the Manual Training Department, and the office staff, for making that
absence possible.
The Home Economics work in our schools begins in the Intermediate
Grades, here taking the form of Needlework. So far, most of the time
has been spent upon getting teachers and pupils to master the technique
of the work, but it is hoped that gradually we may work in the educative
side, and that much practical knowledge of textiles, good taste in clothing,
and other phases of the subject may be included in the lessons. There are
now forty-seven (47) classes, with an attendance of eight hundred and
ninety (890) girls taking this course, and if the plans for the extension of
Manual Training are carried out, I hope, in the near future, that every
girl in our schools will have the opportunity of taking a full course
in Home Economics. I have visited every class since my return,
and find a very great improvement since my last visit. The grade
teachers, who teach this subject, have taken hold, and many are
doing excellent work while in every case, almost without exception, there
are evidences of strong effort for improvement being made. The children
like the work and are in earnest, as is shown by cleaner hands, cleaner work
and greater effort, and when the subject appears upon the monthly report
card as is planned, it will give it the place in our school course it deserves.
Much credit is due Miss M. Creelman, the instructor of the teachers, for
the advancement already made.
In the Senior Grades the work takes the form of Cookery, Housewifery, and simple lessons on Foods and Dietetics. It has been planned to
continue the Sewing Course in these grades and some good work was done
in the Spring of  1913, which, I hope, will be enlarged upon this year. "V
s  66
There are now seventy-one (71) classes with an attendance of twelve
hundred and five (1205) girls taught, in the nine centres now equipped, by
a staff of seven (7) Domestic Science teachers. Thus, all the Senior
Grade classes, with the exception of two on the outskirts of the City, and
one or two in the Kitsilano district, are getting this opportunity. Two
centres, one in Hastings and one in Kitsilano, planned for the coming year,
will overcome this difficulty. I have visited most of the classes and have
found the work on the whole very satisfactory. The fact that our girls
must hold a Diploma in Domestic Science before being admitted to the
Domestic Science Class.
High School has already been helpful in bringing up the attendance of
careless pupils, although, because pupils usually like the work, there really
is very little trouble about attendance upon the whole. Other recent helpful
regulations of the Education Department are those in regard to the Certificates of Teachers, the Course of Study to be followed, and the buildings
in which the pupils are to be taught. A free text book has also been issued
and the future for this branch of our course of study begins to look bright.
In the High Schools the work takes the form of Garment Making,
Millinery and other forms of Domestic Art. The number of students enrolled is three hundred and seventy (370) and three teachers are employed,
one in Britannia and two in King Edward High Schools.     Much good  68 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
J. Kyle, A.R.C.A., Director Night Schools.
Vancouver, B. C, January 6th, 1914.
/. 5. Gordon, Esq.,
Municipal Inspector of Schools,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:—
The Night Schools opened on October first with an enrolment of
I 776 students, and by November they had increased to 1 792.
We have forty-eight (48) instructors teaching twenty-nine (29)
separate subjects.
Through the action of the City Council in deducting Four Thousand
Dollars ($4,000) from the estimates, the Board were reluctantly compelled to close two centres of work, Mount Pleasant School and Kitsilano
School, and cancel the order for equipment which was very necessary for
efficient instruction. The result of this retrograde step was naturally a
decrease in the number of students enrolled.
I should like again to call attention to the great number of pupils
who leave the Day School each year without having any intention whatever of taking a High School course. It is desirable that by some means
or other, these boys and girls be sufficiently informed about the place and
intention of the Night Schools before they leave the Day School. If attention be paid to this leakage and if parents, as well as pupils, be approached in the proper spirit, there is no doubt whatever, in my mind, of
the tremendous increase in attendance that would accrue. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
An employment bureau might be established where employers could
meet and engage suitable boys and girls for the work they have to offer,
and thus, to some appreciable extent, prevent the present purposeless
drifting of the youths into situations often entirely unsuited to their dispositions and capabilities.
An Advisory Board should also be formed among the employers
of labor, or capable employees, engaged in the various trades; a committee
of men who would be able and willing to assist the Board of School
Trustees with their undertaking along vocational lines.    This would ensure
Commercial Class, Evening School.
a course of study which would be up-to-date, suited to the needs and
requirements of the various trades, and would lead to a more perfect
For the past four years our Night Schools have been preparing the
ground for a Trade School in our midst. The Trade or Vocational School
will, in its turn, form an excellent introduction to a Technical School and
we are now ready for a very decided step forward in that direction. For
four years our Metallurgical Course has been at the elementary stage and
I would strongly urge the purchasing of equipment for an advanced class
in the subject of Wet and Fire Assaying. The apparatus for an advanced
course in Electricity should also be installed, as well as materials to assist
in the more advanced study  of Engineering,  Architecture and Art sub- 70
jects. The total expenditure would amount to $3,000 or $4,000, but it
would be money well spent, and would add materially to the efficiency of
the work done.
Our instructors are every year taking a greater interest in their classes
and are gradually becoming more valuable and experienced.
The teachers of Bookkeeping and Business Methods have organized
themselves into a society, and are working through a uniform course of
study; the teachers of English have done likewise. Hie Musical Society
consisting of an Orchestra and a Chorus of 200 people, held a most successful Christmas Concert, at which they interpreted Handel's Messiah to
a large audience.
The new arrangement of special night janitors is working out admirably and as far as I am aware, the utmost harmony prevails between
the day and night men.
Trusting this report will meet with your approval, I am
Yours respectfully,
Director of Night Schools.
Designed at Night School. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Jas. Inglis.
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 31st, 1913.
/. S. Gordon, Esq., -'rV-
Municipal Inspector of Schools,
Dear Sir:—
I have the honor to submit to you this my seventh annual report for
the year 1913.
During the year there was a total of 4,481 cases investigated, as
In Jan., 303; Feb., 570; Mar., 342; Apr., 544; May, 489; June,
416; Sept., 526; Oct., 440; Nov., 513; Dec, 308.
Of the above 4060 were from the following schools:—Central, 181;
Strathcona, 560; Seymour, 391 ; Model, 240; Cecil Rhodes, 67; Fair-
view, 174; Kitsilano, 121; Henry Hudson, 356; Dawson, 171; Aberdeen, 208; Lord Roberts, 50; Nelson, 110; Beaconsfield, 52; Charles
Dickens, 87; Grandview, 160; Macdonald, 178; Hastings, 110; Franklin, 44; Livingstone, 72; Simon Fraser, 67; Mt. Pleasant, 192; Florence
Nightingale, 137; Laura Secord, 23; Gordon, 57; Tennyson, 91.
There were 240 cases investigated that were found on the streets
during school hours. Those who were residing in South Vancouver were
sent to the officers of that district for their investigation, who also sent six
names to this department. Fifty-seven cases were received from the office
nine from the Probation Officer, seven from Britannia High School, three
from King Edward High School. There were. 137 cases of truancy
discovered, which is about fifty per cent less than last year. This, I think,
is a very good record and may be attributed to the special care taken with
those whom we find out as truants. 72 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
It was necessary to take the parents of five children to court. Fines
were imposed in all cases except one, which was withdrawn after satisfactory
assurance was given that the child would attend. I may state that it is
only the worst cases that are dealt with in this manner and then only after
every other means has failed.
There were 234 cases of infectious or suspected infectious disease
discovered. These were all reported to the Medical Department to be
dealt with by them.
The weekly sessions of the Juvenile Court have been attended and
some of our worst delinquents were kept in the Detention Home during the
summer vacation, thereby getting some extra schooling which they had lost
by truancy.    This move had a good effect on others.
I would still urge upon your Board the necessity for a Child Labor
law, also the advisability of extending the compulsory age to sixteen for
children not regularly employed. A Parental School is required if we are
to make a success of our efforts to prevent children from becoming criminals.
The law preventing children from attending picture shows during
school hours has helped us considerably, as would also the News Boy Act
to license news boys, if we could get the government to see it as we do.
I desire to thank the Probation Officer of the Juvenile Court, the
South Vancouver officers, the City School Principals and the officers of
the Medical Department who have all worked with this department for
the best results.    I am,
Yours respectfully,
Chief Attendance Officer. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
FOR   1913.
February ...
 :      12,391
August    ....
October   ....
11,658.8    1
 :      12,474
11,590.43  \
Enrolment for
month of
for each year s
nee  189
r of Teache
rs on
Vancouver  staff in December fo
•  each   year
since  1902
Females.         Total.
1903   ..
1904   ..
1905   ..
1906   ..
1907   ..
1908   ..
1909   ..
1910   .
1911   .
1912   .
1913   .
Special Instructors employed by the Board, 1913:
Instructors  of Manual  Training  14
Supervisor of Manual Training 1  1
Instructors of  Domestic Science  11
Supervisor   of  Domestic   Science  1
Supervisors  of  Music  2
Supervisor of Primary Work  1
Supervisor  of Drawing  1
Supervisor  of Drill  1
Musketry  Instructor     1
Director of Night Classes  1
Teachers in Night Classes  49
Special Officers employed by the Board:
Municipal Inspector of  Schools  1
Medical Health Officers  2
Nurses      4
. Attendance Officers  3
Number of Teachers holding the different grades of certificates:
University Graduate in Arts  or  Science  112
Academic Certificate  5
First-class  Certificate   '.  132
Second-class Certificate  83
Third-class   Certificate    :.. :....  3
Temporary Certificate    1
Commercial Specialist  .....'.  1 11
Geo. E. McKee, B.A. R, Straight. Wm. G. Gourlie. B.A. F. H. Dobson. B.A. E  Caspell.
C. R. Evans. F. A Jewell. B.A
Wm. McDonagh.
Thomas B. Brough. B.A. C. R. Messinger, B.A. C. C. Chute Stanley W. Matthews. M.A.
H 0
G. W, Jamieson.
F. W. Cowperthwaite. B.A. H. B. King. B.A.
R. Sparling.
F. C. Wilson   B.A
E. A. Hemsworth. T. W. Woodhead. <35 t- IO 03 t- ^
co ^ os •**< oo      N
00 53 ^ "5 ^        £J
t- <N
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f.WpH00*)^ 00.05
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d."d ill
I'tH ffl « § 76
With Grade of Certificate and Date of Appointment.
Date of Appointment.
Alexander, Irene B	
Amos,   Maude   	
Anderson,  Emily 	
Anderson, Mary K	
.August,  1908,  and
Annand, Margaret A	
Anstey, Arthur	
Anstie, Elizabeth 	
Anstie, J. K	
Archibald, Margaret E. R....
Armstrong1, W.  G-.	
Ashmore,  R.  H	
Astle,  Mabel  C :	
Bain, Nellie 	
 ! 1st	
Baker,  F.   Edna	
Balkwill, Alice M	
 2nd , \	
Bambrick,  Carlotta 	
Baron, Edith	
Bate, Evelyn B	
Bates,  Daniel  A	
Bawtenheimer, Lucy 	
Baynes,   Caroline  	
Beath,  James   .'...;.'.	
 2nd :	
Beckman,  Elta M	
Beech, W. K	
Bell,   Edna   B	
Belyea, Marie L	
Benjamin, Fanny C	
Bentley,   Nora   M	
Bigney,  A.   L	
Bigney, Elizabeth M:	
Blair,  Eliz.  J	
Bowen, Winnifred V	
Bowles, Allan 	
Boyes, David A	
Bridgman,  Clara M	
Bridgman, Mary L	
Brinton, Effie S	
Broe, Edna B	
Brough', Thos. A	
Brown,  Harriet W	
Brown,   J.   Elmer	
 B.A ;	
Brown, Verna M	
Brunton, Lulu 	
 2nd :	
Bryant, S. J	
Bryant, Ethel D	
 2nd November
1907, and August,
Bunting, Winnifred 	
Burchill,   Mabel   R	
Burpee,  Ethel  L	
Butterworth, Ernest 	
Cahill, Hattie M	
Cairns,  Kate  	
Cairns,  Laura 	
Cairns, M.  Louise	
Cameron,  C.  Alice	
Campbell, Donald W	
Campbell,   Jessie L	
Cantelon, Jean M	
Carruthers. Irene F	
Carter,   Hilda  M j
Caspell,  Edmund  	
Caspell, Violet I	
Cattell, Dorothy 	
Cattell, Margaret 	
Chadwick, Clara 	
Chandler,  Florence  A	
Chipman, Alice 	
1913 -3
Ohodat. Henri  	
 August,   1906
Chute,  Clyde C	
......August,'   1909
Clark, Angus 	
........1st ■„	
 August,   1902
.September,  1907
 August,   1910-
Clark,  Ethel  G	
Clarke, Margaret	
""""ist""""!""!™"."."." "	
Clements, Mary  	
 ^August,   1909
Close, Florence J	
 1st •.	
 August,   1912
Close,  L.   Laurina.....'..	
 lSt...:.: i	
 August,   1912
Cocking, Gladys 	
.September, 1913.
Code, Lome B	
 B.Sc [	
 August,   1910
Coldwell,  Ross  F	
.November,   1910
Cole,   Josephine  A	
 August,   1911
Collis,  R	
 August,  19ia
Colter, Jennie J	
 B.A :.	
 August,  1911
Cook, Eva 	
 1st .....	
 January,   1910
Coombs,  Mrs.  Florence A	
 b.a....: ;	
 January,   1909
Corbett,  Grace  G	
 2nd :.	
 'August,   1913
Coulthurst, Clarice E	
Cowan, E. Mabel	
 August,   1911
Cowan,  Susie I	
 2nd.. :	
 August,   1908
Cowperthwaite,  F.   M	
 B.A.... 1890-1897  and  1902
Cox, Bertha C	
 1st :	
 January,   1910
Cox,  Nellie  S	
 August,   1910
Crandall,  I.  May	
 January,  1911
Creech,  Winifred  J.  E	
 2nd :	
 .'April,   1902
Creelman,  Amelia  	
 August,  1910
Cresswell,  John  A..	
......January,   1912
Crombie,  Hilda 	
 August,   1913-
Crombie,  I.   M	
 August,   1908
Cronkhite,  A.   M	
 October,   1911
Crowe,  C.  B :	
- August,   1913
Currie,   Blanche  	
 January,   1911
Currie,   Katharine  B	
 April,  1910
Currie,  Flora  M	
 2nd : 1897-1902
;  1904-1910;  1913
 August,   1912
Dalley,  Lucy  C	
Dauphinee, A. Josephine	
 January,   1910
Davidson, Augusta J	
...February,   1900
Davidson,  Jessie  	
 1st.. .«	
..September,   1910
Davidson,   J.   G	
 B.A.,   Ph.D	
-September,   1907
Davidson,  Lucretia F	
 August,   1910
Davies,  Edith A.  R	
 August,  1912
Davy, R. N	
 October,   1906
DeBury, Madeline V	
 October,   1911
DesBrisay, Isabel J	
 January,  1912
Dewis,  Martha E	
 August,   1911
Dickey,   Alberta  F	
 January,   1907
Dickinson, Daisjr  B	
 April,   1913
Dixon, Ellis B	
 1st i	
 August,   1912
Dixon, Margaret 	
..September,   1911
Dobson, F. H	
 B.A :	
 August,  1907
Dole, Harvey P	
 M.A. :.., 1
 January,   1910
Donnan, William  	
 January,   1913
Dunbar, John 	
 1st. ism	
 August,   1912
Dunning,   J.   T	
1 August,   1906
Dutcher, H. K	
...September,  1907
Dyke,   Kathleen   A	
 2nd 3	
 August,   1907
Eaton,   Alice   A	
 October,   1912"
Eldridge,  Dorothy  C	
 January,   1908
Elliott, Margaret 	
 March,   1908
Elmsley, Ada B	
...November,   1900
Estabrooke,  Emma D	
 January,   1913
Evans, C.   R.	
...November,   1907
Evans, Eleanor  '...
 August,   1907
Faunt, Edith 	
 August,   1913-
Faunt. Jessie 	
 August,   1913
Fee,   Wilfred  J	
 M.A H|	
 August,   1912
Fennell,  W.   T	
 October,   1912
Ferguson, Geo. A	
 August,  1913
Ferguson,   Mary  J	
 August,   1912
Fierheller,   Ina  	
 October,   1911
Finlayson, Alexander ,	
 August,   1912
Fisher, Jessie E. R	
 January,   1908
Fitch. H. B	
 M.A.,   B.Sc	
 August,   1912
Flanagan, Claire T	
 January,   191J 78
Fletcher, Elizabeth E.
Flett, William 	
Flower, Ethel ...
Ford, Luvia .
Frame, Emma M -1st
Frank, Pauline  1st	
Fraser, David R - B.A.....
Fraser, H. C B.A.....
Frederickson, Gertrude M 2nd	
Frith, L. Elsie.
..2nd June,  1
..M.A January,   1
..1st j. October,   1
..2nd ; January,   1
.. November,
 January, 1
. January,
Fuilerton, Florence L 1st : August,  1909
George,  Elizabeth  L : 2nd August, 1898
Gillanders, Hilda C 1st March, 1911
Gourlie, Wm. G B.A August, 1907
Grant,  Fannie  1 2nd December, 1907
Grant, Mabel L 1st September, 1911
Gray,   Susie W B.A January, 1912
Green way, Elizabeth  1st October, 1909
Greggs, Gladys E B.A November, 1912
Grenfell, Mary E B.A August, 1909
Griffiths, Margaret W 1st August, 1913
Hall, J. H... B. Litt August, 1911
Hamilton, Margaret P 2nd August,   1910
Harding, Mrs. J. M. H -2nd January,
Harper, Lulu  1st January,
Haughton, Agnes  1st : August,
Hemsworth, E. A 1st August,
Henderson, James  M.A ■. January,
Henry,   J.   K B.A August,   1893
Hewton,  Sara  2nd 1898-1900;  August,  1908
Hodgins, Lena B 2nd August,   1911
Holloway, Mary E. N 2nd August,   1904
Hornby, Dorothy M 2nd August,   1912
Hornby, Dulcie  2nd January,   1907
Howard, Edith  1st April,  1913
Howard, F. Mabel S B.A August,
Huggard, Mrs. Ada C 1st January,
Hughes,  Annie  1st January,
Jacks, M. Gertrude..
Jamieson, Annie B...
Jamieson, G. W	
Jewett, F. Arnold....
 2nd August,
 B.A January,
 1st August,
 B.A August,
Johnston, D.  B B.A January,
Johnson, Emily May 2nd October,
Johnson, Elizabeth M 2nd August,
Johnson,  Evelyn  M B.A September,
Johnstone,  Bessie  .....1st March,
Jones,  Grace  F 1st September,
Jordan,  E.  E M.A October,
Jukes, Marian E 2nd March,
Keith, Walter C : B.A March, 1912
Kelly,  Minnie E 1st January, 1910
Kendall, George  B.Sc , November, 1907
Kerr,  Ruby   2nd January, 1910
King, H.  B B.A January, 1904
Kingston,  Emily. G 2nd August, 1909
Laird, Edna J 1st 1906-1908;  1909-1911;  January, 1913
Langley, Celia G Academic August, 1906
Laursen, Lili J 1st August, 1905
Lawrence, Frederick J 1st August, 1910
Leek, Edith L 2nd March, 1904
LeFeuvre, Eva L 1st August, 1903
Lewis, Alice M 2nd August, 1905
Little,   D.   C B.A January, 1906
Little,   R.   A B.A August, 1912
Lindseth,   Clara  E 2nd October, 1906
Loggie, Annie M 1 st January, 1911
Long, L. Pearl 1st ! October, 1912
Loughead, Mary E 1st September, 1912
Luscombe, E. Helen 1st September, 1911 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Magee, Edith  M -...1st August,  1913
Maggs, A. B M.A August,   1910
Manning, Dorothy D B.A...: September,  1911
Manning, Viril Z B.A January,   1912
Marshall, Elsie  2nd January,   1913
Martin, John   1st January,   1904
Matheson, Corinne E. 2nd * September,  1913
Mathews, Stanley W M.A April,   1902
Maxwell, Mary E. L 1st August,   1908
Mayers,  F.  J B.A November,   1907
Meadows,  Stanley D B.A August,  1911
Merriman,  Mildred   B.A September,  1911
Messinger, Clarence R B.A August, 1909
Miller,   S   L B.A August,  1913
Mills, Sadie  1st October,   1912
Milne,  Helen  1st October,   1905
Milne, Victoria A 2nd January,   1911
Moody, Margaret H B.a August,  1909
Morrison,   Mabel  1 2nd September,   1912
Morrow, W. H M.A August,   1913
Mullin,  Isadore M 1st : October,   1911
Munn   D. W.        M.A.,  M.Sc September,   1908
Munro,  Ernest  A B.A  August,   1911
Murphy,   Eva   B 1st January,   1913
Murray, Christine  -1st August,   1913
McAdam, Guy J M.A August,   1911
McAlpine, Sara  2nd August,   1900
McCallum, Ada E 2nd August,   1895
McCoy, Emma C B.A ...August,   1910
McDiarmid, Kate  B.A January,   1912
Macdonald, Agnes  2nd B August,   1910
Macdonald, Christina A 2nd February,   1911
McDonald, C. May 1st --— August,   1908
MacDonald, Edna C : 2nd .August,   1906
MacDonald,  Gertrude  1st     January,   1913
McDonald,  H.  Lucretia '.st September,   1910
McDonagh, Wm  st February    1903
McDougall, Elizabeth M *.rd August,  1912
McElmon, Annie E 3.A August,  1913
McEwen, Agnes E 'st...... ,.----—August,  1905
McEwen   Florence E  st September,   1906
McFarland, Cora H. 3.A : January,   1911
Macgregor, Annabelle  md .- -August,   1906
Mclnnef. Isabel i M ^usuTt    1912
Mclntyre,  Beatrice A M a«S£S'   1911
McKay, George  M.A    wl^h'   1891
McKay,   Minna  G hid M5£fJ?'  }ll\
McKee, George E , 3.A WMM   1912
McKenzie, Annie S 3.A - January,   1912
McKenzie.   Grace  st BTtfbfr    1913
Mackenzie,   Jessie    .st Sni?arv    1905
McKenzie, Margaret N j| JA^fJt    1908
McKenzie, Mary E 3.A Anlnst'  1912
McKenzie,  Winewood  F 3.A Tanuarv    1897
McKinnon    Mary    - *d.       .......       Januar       1897
McLean, Alice  ggs  Alll,,t    1013
Maclean, Donald1     st.  August   1913
McLeHan, Margaret E  -3 A.      January,   1913
McLeish,  Kathleen      s^ ,      January,  1912
McLeod   Hazel  E        - Wffisfe       January, 1910
MacNaghten,  Russell E W.A         January 1905
iBiP Muriel ......... ;™          August 1910
McPherson,  Annie JR.  -- st. --.----- December 1907
MacQueen    Elizabeth D 3.A   January 1911
McQueen, Kate H ^-A	
Neil, Mrs. E. B. Stewart If -< August.  1908
Nesbitt, William J    st  August    1J1J
Newby,  Myrtle  S 2nd	
,.    ;p§| 9nfl  January,   1902
Olding, Elizabeth  2nd	
1c.f  October, 1912
Pa.eret, Harry L  **-• January, 1909
Painter, Emily  ;na   January, 1907
Patterson,   Jean     si      ....February, 1901
Pattison, Thomas  v^ January, 1911
Pearson, Ethel M 2nd	 80 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Peck,   Eva   L B.A August, 1912
Perkins, Alice G 1st September, 1912
Perkins,  Ella  D B.A August, 1905; April, 1911
Perry,  Florence G 1st .-. August, 1911
Pickering,  Walter  1st : August, 1912
Pollock, James R 1st * August, 1910
Preston, Bessie  2nd January, 1910
Purdie,  A.  J.  Grosvenor B.A August, 1912
Ramage, Wm. G B.A August,   1912
Reid, Alice T. G 2nd August,   1912
Reveley, Ethel H 2nd. October,   1912
Richdale, Marguerite 1 2nd November,    1911
Riley, Elsie B 1st August,   1913
Rines, Alfred  1st August,   1908
Rines, Alice R 1st August,   1912
Roberts,  Elen   1st January, 1913
Roberts,  T.  H.  R B.A August,   1910
Robertson,  Lemuel   M.A August,   1901
Robinson,  Geo.  E B.A August,  1893
Rogers, Olive M 2nd January,   1913
Ross, A. W M.A January,   1909
Ross,   Ellen  D 1st February,   1912
Ross, Jean M 1st August,   1912
Ross, Lillian A 2nd January,   1911
Ross,   Lillian   M 1st August,   1911
Salter, Mildred E 2nd January, 1910
Sanderson, J. R M.A.,  Ph.D i August, 1912
Saunders, M. B Academic August, 1906
Sexsmith, Myrtle  2nd 1907   and 1912
Sheepy, Janet  Temporary August, 1911
Sherman, R. S 1st February, 1903
Sherrin,   Alice   M 1st January, 1909
Shine, Mrs. Alice G 2nd April, 1903
Shine, Isabelle M 2nd November, 1912
Simpson, Lilla M 1st January, 1913
Sinclair, Annie M M.A September, 1911
Sinclair, J. G Art _ August, 1910
Sinclair,   Madge  P 2nd August, 1910
Smith, Edith T 2nd January, 1910
Snider, Emma L 2nd August, 1904
Sparling, Ellen M Academic August, 1910
Sparling, R 1st Aug.,  1891;  Aug.,  1893; August, 1900
Spencer, Agnes  1st August, 1912
Splan, Mary E 3rd January, 1913
Stables,  Nellie  T 2nd  February, 1912
Steeves, R. P 1st January, 1913
Stephens,   Emma  L 1st January, 1910
Sterns,   Clara  M B.A August, 1911
Sterns,   Edith   B B.A August, 1910
Stewart, Christina E 1st August, 1912
Stewart,  Edith  L 1st August, 1910
Story, Mary E 1st January, 1913
Straight, R 1st August, 1907
Stuart,  Jas.  A B.A January, 1913
Suter, R. W B.A.,  B.Sc October, 1902
Tanner, Rebecca  2nd August,   1900
Tanton,  Edna  G 1st April,   1911
Taylor, Grace A Academic August,  1910
Taylor, L.  W B.A August,   1913
Templer, Mrs. Jean 1st August,   1911
Thomas, Owen J ts.j\ August,  1911
Tompkins,   Ida    B.A August,   1912
Truswell.  Mary   1st August,   1899
Tucker,   Julia  E 1st January,   1913
Turnbull, John R B.A August,  1912
Van  Blaricom,  Ida M B.A Januarv, 1907
Van Wart, Elsie  B.A January, 1911
Vermilyea, A. Irene 1st May, 1913
Vermilyea, Beulah B 1st May, 1911
Ward, Blanche E 1st January, 1912
Ward,  Edith  M 2nd November, 1912
Warner,  Mabel A 2nd August, 1912
Watson,  Kathleen   2nd January, 1909 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Watson, Marguerite E 2nd.
Wenborn, Myrle 2nd.
 August,   1913
 January,   1912
elyn  ..:..... B.A January,   1907
e,  Gladys  2nd January,   1911
Jane T .B.A February,   1912
F.   C \ B.A : January,   1908
Grace A B.A August,  1904
Jean B 1st ., January,   1912
May D 2nd January,   191 2
. Rosalind  1st January.   1 913
Wood,  Berton  J M.A., B.Sc October,  1906
Woodhead, Thomas W Academic August, 1908
Woods, William  B.A August,   1910
Wyatt, J. M M.A Oct., 1911; Aug., 1912; Jan., 1913
Young,  George P 1st.
.January,  1913;  January,  1913
Baird, Kate I	
Bell, Adna 	
Creelman, Minerva
Cumming, Lucy 	
Fonda,  Ethel   	
Marlatt,  Mary Norah.
Mutch, Susie L	
Martin, Mrs. Arkley....
McKay. Ida F	
McLeod. Jean 	
Rath, Martha 	
Smellie,  Ella 	
. Stevens, Elsie 	
....February, 1912
 August,  1912
 August,   1909
 January, 1907
 August,   1909
 August   1913
 August,  1913
-September, 1911
 January, 1913
 April,  191.1
 August,  1910
...February,   1913
 August, 1911
Cantell, Albert 	
Ohinnendale. Thos	
Fairey, Francis	
Gardner, N. H	
Hill, William A	
Lister, J.  George	
Lowes, John E	
Morrison, F. S	
McAdam, Josiah W	
McCallum, D.  P	
McKeown, William A..
Parker, A. W	
Parker,   E.  W	
Sievers,   Georere W	
Templer. F. W	
White, Charles 	
Berry, Elizabeth	
Bundy, Albert C.Butler, Constance-
Hicks,  George P	
Northrop,   S	
Trembath, Emily .1
Weston, William F
...Supervisor of Domestic Science
...Supervisor of Physical Culture
—Assistant   Supervisor   of  Music
 Supervisor of Music
..Supervisor of Manual Training
—Supervisor of Primary Classes
 Supervisor of Drawing
Brydone-Jack, F. W., M.D.; CM. (McGill), M.R. San. I School Medical Officer
Hunter, A. W., M.D.;  CM.   (McGill) Assistant School Medical Officer
Breeze,  Elizabeth Head  Nurse
McLellan,  Aletha   Nurse
Jeffers,   Adelaide       Nurse
Ewart,  I.  May    Nurse
'Jensen, Nels.
Godfrey, Wm. 82
1st yr.  2nd yr.    3rd yr.
$60 $65 $70
Grade Teachers.
4th yr.    5th. yr.
$75 $80
6th yr.
January, 1914.
8th and
7th yr.   Succeeding yrs.
$90 $95
Senior Grade Teachers.
(Maximum $100.)
Teachers having had two years' successful experience in graded
schools, minimum salary, $65.
Salaries of substitutes to be paid by the Board in cases of illness of
teachers up to 20 teaching days in the year, subject to Medical Certificate
from doctor in attendance, or School Medical Officer.
1st yr.
2nd yr.                   3rd yr.                   4th and Succeeding yrs.
$120                       $130                                       $140
1st yr.
Principals—Small School.
2nd yr.           3rd yr.           4th yr.           5th and Succeeding yrs.
$150                $160                $170                                $180
1st yr.
Principals—Large School.
2nd yr.     3rd yr.     4th yr.     5th yr.     6th yr.
$160          $170           $180           $190           $200
7th and
Succeeding yrs.
1st yr,
High School—Male Teachers.
2nd yr.   3rd yr.   4th yr.    5th yr.    6th yr.    7th yr.
$140        $150        $160        $170        $180        $190
8th and
Succeeding yrs.
High School—Female Teachers.
8th and
1st yr.  2nd yr.   3rd yr.   4th yr.   5th yr.    6th yr.    7th yr.   Succeeding yrs.
1st yr.
1st yr.
$120        $130        $140        $150        $160        $170
Manual Training Instructors.
2nd yr.
2nd yr.
3rd yr.
4th yr.
5th yr.
Domestic  Science   Instructors.
3rd yr.
4th yr.
5 th yr.
6th and
Succeeding yrs.
6th and
Succeeding yrs.
Schedule based on twelve monthly payments each year.
No schedule increase to go into effect without the same being recommended by the Municipal Inspector of Schools.
The salary of any teacher may be fixed at a sum not indicated in the
schedule by special resolution of the Board. *m
For the Year Ending December 31 st, 1913.
Superintendent and Assistants $     5,100.00
Secretary and Assistants  6,500.85
Building Superintendent and Assistants  3,067.90
Medical Department    8.520.00
Attendance Officers   3,360.00
Playground Supervisors   1,520.00
Night Schools   11,631.90
Other Salaries   1,134.40
 $ 40,835.05
School Salaries—
Teachers  j  395,41 0.95
Teachers' Substitutes  3,631.48
Supervisors      10,320.00
Manual Training   22,560.00
Domestic Science  1  10,867.00
Janitors  j j  36,680.50
Janitors' Extras  -   2,766.70
Solicitors and Auditors   1,341.65
Schools | 30,467.28
Domestic Science   2,689.89
Manual Training   2,517.32
Playgrounds    :  1,750.06
Night Class  | _  2,672.28
Medical Department  IB  1,831.94
Scientific Supplies and Typewriters  2,486.86
 ■    44,415.63
Fuel ----- 23,923.34
Electric Light and Power..  6,728.88
Gas    I - --  956.24
Water       1,460.40
Insurance    -  5,121.02
Advertising    -  275.84
Cartage  &79.91
Telephone   1,719.69	
Carried forward 41,065.42  568,828.96
jm 84
Brought over 41,065.42   568,828.96
Office Expense—Secretary   2,665.24
Municipal Inspector   933.91
Car  fares   5  968.00
Cadet Corps  |  *2,407.75
Linoleum  664.55
Repairs and Renewals
Total expended   1913	
Add Sinking Fund and Interest..
*$407.75 old acct.—High School Corps.
GERALD UPTON, Secretary.
W. H. P. CLUBB, Chairman.
-    48,704.77
March 2nd,   1914.
G. UPTON, Secretary Vancouver, B. C, March 2nd, 1914.
Mr. Chairman, Mrs. McNaughton and Gentlemen :
I beg to hand you herewith statement covering Reverue Expenditure
for the year 1913 together with the Auditor's report on same, likewise the
estimated statement of values of school property as at December 31 st,
On looking over the Auditor's report, you will find that there are
ample funds on hand to carry out the work as proposed for the year 1914
on account of Capital Expenditure, providing of course, no unlooked for
contingencies arise that might necessitate further expenditure, but it is anticipated that there will be a small balance on hand at the end of this year.
In the latter part of 1913 on the instructions of the Board, a new
department was entered into in connection with the school supplies. A
stock was bought in larger quantities on a wholesale basis, delivery being
the month of January 50% and the balance in the month of July. The
system adopted is as follows: Delivery Car.
Store Room for School Supplies. 86 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES	
All requisitions for school supplies must be first passed upon as being
satifactory by your Municipal Inpector, who also certifies to the amount
that each school shall draw from the Stores Department from time to time.
Deliveries are made to the schools twice a week by the Board's own motor
delivery. After having been in operation for three months, the arrangement is proving very satisfactory. The schools are all getting treated alike
in so far as supplies are concerned. There is no dead stock on hand in
any of the schools. At the same time, any principal requiring however
small an article can receive same within a few hours' notice. The benefits
the Board derive from this system are:
1. That you have obtained a sufficient reduction over the previous
cost in your supplies to> pay for all the running expenses in connection with
this department for 1914, and also the purchase price of the delivery
2. You have a correct statement of what each school is actually
consuming every month. Under the supervision as aforesaid of your Municipal Inspector, there cannot be any wasting of materials and the pupils are
not supplied with more than they actually require.
As far as the taxpayer is concerned, from whom the Board derive
their revenue, he is also saving a considerable amount of money in this
way. Supposing his child or children were forced to buy their own
materials, which they did not many years ago, taking the articles as now
supplied as follows:
Board's Cost   Taxpayer's Cost.
Pencils 01 2 for    .05
Rubbers    02 .05
Rules  ; 02 .05
Exercise Books 02^ .05
Foolscap, per quire        .05 .15
Nibs, per dozen        .03 .10
These figures speak for themselves. The same camparison may be
made in all the rest of the articies now supplied by the Board, and in
some cases, the difference is very much greater in favour of the Board's
purchasing. There are several letters on file in this office from the various
principals of the schools expressing their satisfaction with the Board having
started this Stores Department, and as they are the people mostly concerned
in the matter, it shows that the result certainly justifies the action of the
Board in starting this department, and no doubt as the years progress, it
will result in more economy and convenience.
Respectfully  submitted,
Secretary. T-llO       OIC
uJc3 j
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13 03 O 03
03 03
Committees,   1914  3
Enrolment and Average Attendance — 73
Executive,  1914 j  3
Expenditure,   1913 83 & 87
Medical Staff    28 & 81
Meetings  -*
Officials    - - 3&81
Principals    , 74 & 75
Reports :—
Attendance Officer     -— 71
Building and Grounds Committee         22
Chairman's Address   "
Management Committee..         ■"
Medical  Officer — -    29
Municipal Inspector of Schools   j —- *->
c     . 84
becretary          -
Supervisors:  Domestic Science    "J
Drawing          - ^
Manual Training              "'
Music     45
Night Schools -- - ----- 68
Physical Culture        '- -   47
Primary Work                ■>/
Salary Schedule      -      82
Schools   -                         §B 73
School Property, Estimated value of          88
Special Instructors — -    —    74, 80
Supervisors      -     42 & 8]
Teachers—Numbers  since   1902      73
List, Certificates, etc  —-   76
TWees     2
Trustees, 1886-1912- -  4


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