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Ninth annual report published by the Board of School Trustees City of Vancouver for the year ending December… Vancouver School Board 1911

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 NINTH
ANNUAL REPORT
PUBLISHED BY THE
Board of School Trustees
CITY     OF    VANCOUVER
For   Year    Ending    December   31 st,    1911
Vancouver, B.C.
Theniarke& Stuart Co., Ltd., Printers. Border Drawn by
Hei.e.v McDowell—Central School. BOARD  OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
1912
Retire December 31st, 1912.
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M.D. A. C. Stewart, resigned; J. J. Dougan, elected.
Thos. Duke.
Retire December 31st, 1913.
Mrs. P.  McNaughton.    Wm. H.  P.  Clubb.    Geo.  J.  Dyke.    W.  E.  Flumerfelt.
EXECUTIVE  BOARD.
Chairman W.  D.  Brydone-Jack,  M. D.
Chairman School Management Committee Thos. Duke
Chairman Building Committee .Wm. H. P. Clubb
Chairman Finance Committee Wm.  H. P.  Clubb
Superintendent of Schools W. P. Argue, B. A.
Secretary and Building Superintendent C. W. Murray
Architect N. A. Leech
Assistant Secretary Miss F. I. Parker
Stenographer Miss E. Balfour
Clerk    Harold  Hicks
Attendance Officer James  Inglis
Attendance    Officer N.   Jensen
Attendance  Officer W.   Godfery
STANDING COMMITTEES.
School  Management. Building  and  Grounds.
Thos. Duke, Chairman. Wm. H. P.  Clubb. Chairman.
J. J. Dougan. George J. Dyke
A.   C.   Stewart   (Resigned). W.  E. Flumerfelt.
-Mrs.  P.   McNaughton.
Finance, j*£: v
Wm. H. P. Clubb, Chairman.
Thos.  Duke.
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M. D.
The  Chairman  of the Board is  ex-officio  member of all   Committees.
DATE OF MEETINGS.
Board—Third Monday in each month, at  8 o'clock p. m.
Management Committee—Thursday preceding the 3rd Monday, at S o'clock p. m.
Building Committee—Wednesday preceding the 3rd Monday, at 8 o'clock p. m.
Finance   Committee—Monday   evening  after   Board   meeting. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
FROM 1886 TO 1911 INCLUSIVE
Dr. D.. B. Beckingsale, Secretary
J.  B.  Henderson
D.   B.   Charleson.
1887-1888
John Devine, Secretary
G.    I.    Wilson
W.   J.   McG-uigan,   M. D.
Wm.   Brown
A.   G.   Johnson
G. F. Baldwin
1888-1889
G.   I.   Wilson
John Devine
C.  W.  Murray
Wm.  Brown
A.   H.  B.   Macgowan,   Secretary
G.   F.  Baldwin
1889-1890
G.   I.   Wilson
Chas.   Whetham,   M. A.
C.   W.   Murray
Wm.   Brown
A. H. B. Macgowan, Secretary
G.  F.  Baldwin
1890-1891
Appointed by the Lieut.-Governor
J. M.  Browning
G.   I.   Wilson
Henry   Collins
Appointed  by  the   Council
Wm.   Brown,   Chairman
A. H. B. Macgowan, Secretary
C.  W.   Murray
G. F. Baldwin    .
1891-1892
Appointed by the Lieut.Governor
B. Springer
G. I. Wilson
Henry  Collins
Appointed by the Council
Wm.   Brown,  Chairman
A.  H.  B.  Macgowan,  Secretary
C. W. Murray
G.   F.   Baldwin
1892-1893
Wm. Brown
A. H. B. Macgowan, Secretary
Henry Collins
G.   I.   Wilson,   Chairman
Wm.  Templeton
G.   R.   Gordon
1893-1894
A.  H.  B.  Macgowan,  Chairman
C. W.  Murray,  Secretary
John  McAllister
Wm.   Templeton
C.  C.  Eldridge
G.   R.   Gordon
1894-1895
A.   H.   B.   Macgowan,   Chairman
C.   W.  Murray,   Secretary
W.   D.   Brydone-Jack,   M. D.
Wm.   Templeton
C. C.  Eldridge
G.  R.  Gordon
C. F. Foreman
1895-1896
Templeton,   Chairn
Eldridge
Gordon
Foreman
B.   Macgowan
Murray,   Secretary
Wm.
C. C
G. B
C. F
A. L
C. V
W.  D.  Brydone-Jack,  M. D.
1896-1897
G.  R.   Gordon,  Chairman
Wm.  Templeton
C.   C.   Eldridge
J.   J.   Logan
W.   J.   McGuigan,   M. D.
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M. D.
C.  W.   Murray,   Secretary
1897-1898
C.   C.   Eldridge,   Chairman
Mrs.   C.   Reid
Wm.   Brown
Jas.  Ramsay
W. J. McGuigan, M. D.
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M. D.
C. W. Murray, Secretary
1898-1899
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M. D., Chairman
W.  J.  McGuigan,  M. D.
C.  W.   Murray,   Secretary
C.   C.   Eldridge
Mrs. C.  Reid
Wm.   Brown
Jas.  Ramsay BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
FROM 1886 TO 1911 INCLUSIVE
1899-1900
C. W.  Murray,  Chairman
G.  R.  Gordon
J.  J.  Banfield
J. J. Logan
Jas. Ramsay
W.   D.   Brydone-Jack.   M. D.
W.  J.   McGuigan,  M.D.
J.  J.  Woods,   Secretary
1900-1901
C. W.  Murray, Chairman
W.  J.  McGuigan,  M. D. .
Thos.  Duke
G.  R.  Gordon
J.   J.   Banfield
J.  J.  Logan
Jas.   Ramsay
J.  J. Woods, Secretarj'
1901-1902
C.  W.   Murray,   Chairman
W.  J.  McGuigan,  M. D.
Thos. Duke
G.   R.   Gordon
J. J. Banfield
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M. D.
James   Ramsay.   Chairman   from   1st
July, .1902,  to  31st December,   1902
Geo. S. B. Perry, Secretary
1902-1903
J. J. Banfield, Chairman
Thos.  Duke
Jas. Ramsay
W. J. McGuigan, M. D.
G.   B.   Gordon
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M. D.
D.   Donaldson
C. W.  Murray,  Secretary
1903-1904
Thos.  Duke,   Chairman
D. Donaldson
W.  J. McGuigan, M. D.
Jas.   Ramsay
William Ciubb
J   J.  Dougan
W.   B.   McKechnie,   M. D.
W. P. Argue, B. A., Superintendent
C.   W.   Murray,   Secretary
1904-1905
W. B. McKechnie, M. D., Chairman
William Clubb
Jas.  Ramsay
J.  J. Dougan
Thos.   Duke
R.   P.   McLennan
J. B. Ferguson
W.   P.   Argue,   B. A.,   Superintendent
C.   W.   Murray,   Secretary
1905-1906
Wm.  H.  P.  Clubb,  Chairman
Jas.   Ramsay
W.  B.   McKechnie,  M. D.
Thos.  Duke
R.  P.   McLennan
J.  B.  Ferguson
Victor Odium
W.  P.. Argue, B. A.,  Superintendent
C.  W.  Murray,   Secretary und  Building Superintendent
1906-1907
R. P. McLennan, Chairman
W. H. P. Clubb
James Ramsay
W.  B. McKechnie,  M. D.
Thomas Duke
J. J. Dougan
V. W. Odium  (Jan. to Oct.)
Chanes Hope   (Oct.  to Dec.)
W.  P.  Argue,  B. A.,  Superintendent
C.   W.   Murray,   Secretary   and  Building  Superintendent
1907-1908
Chas. E. Hope, Chairman
R.   P.   McLennan
W. H. P. Clubb
W.   E.   Flumerfelt
Thos. Duke
J.  J.  Dougan
J.   D.   Breeze
1908-1909
J.  D.  Breeze,  Chairman
Chas.   E.   Hope
W.  H.  P.  Clubb
W. E. Flumerfelt
Thos.   Duke
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M. D.
J. J. Dougan
1909-1910
W. E. Flumerfelt, Chairman
W.  H. P.   Clubb
Thos.   Duke     "
W.   D.   Brydone-Jack,   M. D.
J.   J.   Dougan
Geo.   Dyke
J. D.  Breeze
1910-1911
W. D. Brydone-Jack, M. D., Chair
W.   E.   Flumerfelt
W.   H.   P.   Clubb
Tho*.   Duke
J.   J.   Dougan
Geo.   J.  Dyke
J.    D.   Breeze SCHOOL BCARO
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Vancouver First High School  January 2nd,   1912.
To the Board of School  Trustees.
Gentlemen:
It is customary for the Chairman to give a short resume of the work
done during his year of office and while doing so it might be well to outline briefly our idea as to future developments in educational work in our
City. In addition there will be placed before you reports from the Management Committee, Building Committee, Secretary, Superintendent and
various sub-officials, all of which will afford food for thought not only
for the members generally but also for the ratepayers and all those who
are interested in watching the educational progress of the City of Vancouver.
I feel quite safe in asserting that it is the object of every member
of this Board and, I may add, of every true hearted citizen to see that
our educational system is second to none in the Dominion of Canada,
and may I go further to say that we are ambitious in the matter of educational privileges to compare favorably with any city in the world. In
order to attain our ideals it means the co-operation not only of the members of this Board but of every citizen who is truly interested in the welfare
and progress of the City.
In the past we have to thank the citizens for the trust and confidence they have reposed in the members of the Board, as I do not know
of any single by-law placed before the citizens for money for legitimate
school purposes that has ever been voted down, and we trust it will be
always the same. We must remind the ratepayers that as time goes on
and our City grows and expands, it will be necessary each year to vote
what may appear to be large sums for the support, growth and expansion
of the work, but we would remind them that we must progress, and what
we spend in the way of education will be returned a hundred-fold in a
better citizenship. The better educated a man or woman is the better
fitted they are to cope with the many trials and difficulties of this life, and
one of the objects of education is so to equip each boy and girl mentally
and physically that no matter what position they may occupy they will fill
that position with credit.
During the year important additions have been made to our school
district by the annexing of Hastings Townsite and District Lot 301,
necessitating the expenditure of large sums of money in order to provide
educational facilities in these districts. The Educational Department,
recognizing that according to the Act no provision could be made beforehand, have promised to arrange a grant of land and some financial assistance, but this has only alleviated some of our difficulties. -II       ** 10
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Owing to an arrangement with the Department, South Vancouver
School Board had been taking care of the pupils in D. L. 301 previous
to 1911, and this arrangement was continued through 1911 by. mutual
consent with a distinct intimation from the Department that after December 31 st, 1911, Vancouver must make provision for and take charge of
these pupils. We regret that South Vancouver, without conferring with
us, should have assumed that any such arrangement could be further
entertained and that they made preparation to carry on the work, more
especially as our plans for this district had been gradually perfected so
that now your Board is quite able to handle the situation. I might mention that we have always acted in a most generous manner to South Vancouver owing to their not having a High School of their own. We have,
since the inception of our own High School work, allowed pupils from
South Vancouver to attend without extra cost to themselves or the municipality.
During the year in connection with our Night School we have had
a total enrolment of 1229 students, and the number of instructors has
been 44. The Night Schools have been doing good work, but they have
been scattered. In order to do more effective work there must be centralization, our forces are too divided, and the Board for 1912 will have
to consider some project whereby a greater number may be benefitted, and
which will not require so much reduplication of material and which will
enable us to have more up-to-date equipment for carrying on advanced
classes with a minimum of expenditure. We would suggest to the Board
for 1912 that in connection with the Night Schools a special committee
be formed with power to add to their number, say committees from Board
of Trade, Industrial Associations and other bodies interested in this work,
that they have regular meetings, proper minutes of meetings, etc. We
believe that the greater number interested in this work will promote the
efficiency and usefulness of the Night Schools.
In connection with our Public Schools we feel that our citizens are
not getting the full advantage of the expenditure in connection with them.
In a proportion of the newer schools, when completed, provision is made
for a large Assembly Hall.     It seems to us  that these Assembly  Halls
should be made practically useful in connection with the social work in
their respective districts,  that lectures,  illustrative or otherwise,  might be
given by well-known men or women on popular subjects of educational
value, that arrangements might be made whereby meetings and discussions
on various subjects of interest to the community, whether commercial or
educational, might be held whereby our young people and those of more
mature age might be benefitted socially and intellectually.     In a cosmopolitan city like Vancouver is, our educational system should be able to
reach out and benefit all classes and all ages, it should be our endeavor to
raise the standard of our citizens morally, socially and financially  from
the youngest to the oldest. BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES 1 1
In connection with our schools we had in June, 191 1, an enrolment of
almost 10,240 pupils. On the staff of regular teachers we had 249 and
24 special teachers. Since that date we have added almost 50 teachers
to our staff and absorbed the school districts in Hastings Townsite and
D. L. 301. Our school population is now about 12,000. We have
every reason to believe, judging from the results, that every teacher and
officer on our staff is endeavoring to do good and effective work and that
our staff recognizes the responsibilities attached to their respective positions and that each and every teacher is endeavoring by study and practice to assist in solving the educational problems of to-day and to benefit
the pupils of our public schools by close attention to the individual requirements of each one under their care.
I would draw the attention of the new Board of 1912 to the necessity for active work in various matters which have engrossed the attention
of the Board during the past year, viz.:
1 st. The necessity for the establishment of industrial or parental
schools urider the jurisdiction of the Board and the prevention of child
labor.
2nd. The necessity for the establishment of kindergartens in connection with our school system.
3rd. The necessity of providing some stimulus so that students will be
more ready to take up High School work. The City is growing at a rapid
pace, the industrial and commercial requirements are many and various and
we must provide courses in our High Schools which will satisfy these demands and stimulate and tend to perfect our industrial and commercial pursuits. We as a City cannot afford to have our children leave school at the
age of 1 4 and 1 6 with a partial education. Between the ages of 1 4 and 20
a boy or girl is actively receptive. It is during this time that the foundation of their future life is laid, and the present conditions demand that a
boy or girl should have better and broader foundations laid and be
better equipped for their life's work than ever before. The boy or girl
preparing for a manual or technical career should receive the same attention as the boy or girl preparing for a professional career.
4th. The advisability of impressing upon the department the necessity of giving to each pupil, more especially in the junior grades, their
free text books. The present arrangement respecting free text books is
not sanitary and there is a great probability of the; transmission of infectious and contagious diseases.
5 th. The advisability of erecting a technical school in or near the
centre of the City with a sufficient number of class rooms so arranged and
equipped as to provide facilities for instruction in technical subjects. This
is the age of specialty, Vancouver is a growing commercial and industrial
City. We must make provision whereby our children may hold their own
in commercial and industrial enterprises, otherwise the place that should
be theirs by birth will be usurped by outsiders and our educational system BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
will be discredited. The establishment of a good and well equipped
technical school will stimulate our industrial enterprises and tend to build
up our City.
6th. The desirability of impressing upon the Department the necessity for a broader and more complete course for our British Columbia
teachers. The profession of teaching is an honorable one, it carries with
it many responsibilities. The future of the younger generations depend in
a large degree upon the efficiency of the teacher. The knowledge that is
necessary for a teacher to have in order to bring out the best in the pupil
is increasing each year, and it seems absurd that a teacher should be considered fit to train and devolop to the best advantage the delicate and
impressionable mental organization of a child after six months or even a
year's ccurse. The teaching profession should be placed on the same
plane as the professional one, and when we have teachers devoting their
lives and energies in the cause of Education and showing results in the
direct benefit to the pupils, then the question of salary will be a minor
consideraticn. The fully trained teacher who has had the advantage of
the mcst modern educational facilities and who is in constant contact with
the pupil should be able to advise as to the efficiency or otherwise of any
system of education and their collective opinion should be worth considering.
7th. The desirability of their Board having wider scope in dealing with Educational matters than under the present Act.
8th. The desirability of altering the conditions at present existing
in regard to the entrance of our Public School pupils into the High School.
If your Board had fuller power in dealing with educational matters than
at present (we consider that the interests of Vancouver demand a different
system from that adapted for smaller places), we believe that with our
present efficient staff from Superintendent down, that such a system of
education could be evolved as would be a credit to our City and Province,
that such education can be made a source of pleasure and that each pupil
will be eager to embrace and take up all the educational facilities that
we can offer him or her from the Kindergarten to the University. For
many years we have been endeavoring to have the School Act amended,
more especially as applying to Vancouver's needs for education along
broad lines. We would like to see the number of optional subjects that
a boy or girl may take up in their school career increased, and thus give
them better opportunities of equipping themselves for their life's work and
incidentally in this way to actually lessen the number of subjects that
according to existing plans of the Department they must take up in order
to pass through the High School. We must recognize that the mental
qualities of children are not all the same any more than the physical
qualities, that the same care should be exercised in adapting mental work
to the capacity of the pupil as there is in adapting physical work to the
strength of the individual.     Our educational system should be so planned  that it may be made adaptable to each individual pupil, not as at present
endeavoring to force each pupil to conform to certain fixed standards.
9th. During the past year the playground movement has been considered by your Board, but there seemed to be some difficulty in making
definite arrangements. We would recommend the earnest consideration of
this movement to the new Board and would advise that the matter be
taken up early in the year so that definite action can be taken.
10. As the City grows and the centres become more congested,
it will be necessary for the Board to provide for the care of the children of
these districts. In the arrangements of the new schools in these districts it
will be necessary to provide baths and such other facilities for the cleanliness and comfort and well-being of the pupils as may from time to time
indicate.
1 1 th. It would be most advantageous to our educational interests if
the Department could devise some plan at the present time for the education
and graduation of teachers in special subjects who have received their education and qualifications outside of British Columbia. The foundations for
such courses should be considered now.
McGill University College.—The arrangement between the
Provincial Government and the Royal Institution of Learning of British
Columbia is supposed to terminate in the year 1913, as at that date the
Government expect to have the new university buildings at Point Grey
ready for occupancy, meanwhile owing to the crowded condition of our
school system, the question of accommodation during the past year has been
a serious one. This question has been temporarily solved by financial assistance from the Government and the placing of a building opposite King
Edward High School for the present accommodation of these classes.
When the new university is completed at Point Grey it will be the final
stone for the youth and maidens of British Columbia from a so-called educational life to a stage where they will be called on to make use of their
acquired knowledge, and should prove a great stimulus to the growth of
education in the Province as well as in the City of Vancouver. We trust
that British Columbia will see that the foundations of the University are
laid upon broad lines and capable of free expansion along all lines which
tend to the betterment of our race individually and collectively.
Re Free PRINCIPALS.—This Board has gone on record as endorsing the idea of free principals in our larger schools. It is to be regretted
that the Department did not allow us longer time in order to prove the
advantages of the system, and in connection with this we would point out
that the situation was a new one for our principals and we feel convinced,
knowing their mental calibre and educational qualifications, that, given time
the system would have resulted in benefit not only to our educational system as a whole, but also to the teachers, pupils and general public. It is
unnecessary to discuss the subject at greater length now, but in order to
produce the maximum efficiency and to give the best results for the money BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
15
expended on our public school pupils, we should have supervising principals in our larger schools.
The time is approaching when the Department will be compelled to
consider the question of superannuation.     It does not seem right that a
teacher who for a recompense which is only sufficient to provide for running expenses (the majority having wives or relatives who require financial
assistance), should after a  few years be compelled,  much as  they may
like their profession, to take up some other work in which there may be a
reasonable  chance  of making provision  for  themselves  when  they  grow
older.    On looking over the list of teachers in the report of 1910, I find
that we have five teachers who have been on our staff for over 20 years;
20 teachers who have been on over 10 years; and 46 teachers have been
on over five years.    The number of teachers on the staff in 1903 was 92;
in 1910, 226; the average increase in number of teachers each year was
between 20 and 30.    Of the 92 teachers on the staff in  1 903, we have
now only 25.     This would indicate something wrong in our system.     I
would advise that the next Board appoint a committee to look into the
matter with power to add to their number by, say, committees from the
Principals'   Association,   Teachers'   Association   of   the   City,   Provincial
Teachers' Association and Provincial Trustees' Association,  and prepare
a united report for this Board and the Educational Department.
Having been associated with our Secretary, Mr.  Murray,  for many
years, I consider it my duty to pay my tribute to him as an efficient officer
of the Board.    He has been associated with the school work of this city
since 1 888, and his knowledge of the growth and necessities of the educational system in Vancouver has been  of inestimable  advantage  to  the
various Boards with which he has been associated from year to year.   During the many years that he has acted as Secretary and Building Inspector
his work has been above reproach and his integrity unassailed.    The work
and responsibilities in  connection with the office  of Secretary have been
increasing year by year.    At the present time the expenditure of nearly a
million and a quarter of dollars each year has to go through the Secretary's office, in addition to a tremendous amount of correspondence.    The
great increase in work in connection with the Department suggest a new
adjustment of duties, as it is vitally important that every detail go through
the Secretary's hands so that proper records may be kept and information
regarding any branch of school work may be readily obtained.
In order to facilitate business for the ensuing year, we would make
certain suggestions to the new Board which will come before them for consideration at the proper time.
Our Superintendent, Mr. Argue, has been with us for some years,
and has contributed in a large degree, through his educational knowledge
and his thorough acquaintance with the most recent advances in education,
to the success of our Vancouver educational system.    During the past year  BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
17
when we abolished through the request of the Department, the system of
free principals, we found it necessary to provide an Assistant Superintendent. This office was agreeably and efficiently filled by Mr. A. C.
Stewart, who at the beginning of the year was associated with us on the
Board. It is with regret that we have learned of Mr. Stewart's resignation, but he may feel assured of our kindly wishes for his future success
in the field that he has chosen for himself.
During the year, under our Architect, Mr. Leech, three schools and
an addition were completed and occupied, viz., Lord Nelson, 4 rooms;
Lord Tennyson, 8 rooms; Cecil Rhodes, 8 rooms; and the Alexandra
School addition, 8 rooms. Three schools and fou*- additions were planned and construction commenced—Bayswater and Sixth Avenue, 8 rooms;
Cornwall Street and Cypress, 8 rooms; Victoria Drive and Eleventh Avenue, 8 rooms; Lord Tennyson addition, 8 rooms and assembly hall; Lord
Nelson addition, 12 rooms; King Edward High School addition, 16
rooms;   Britannia High School addition, 1 6 rooms.
We are now constructing fire-proof modern buildings with the most
up-to-date sanitary conveniences, special attention being given to secure
abundance of light and pure fresh air at a uniform temperature. These
school buildings in point of architecture, construction and equipment, will
compare favorably with any schools in Canada. The cost of this, if given
to outside architects, would have amounted to $40,000.00. The actual
cost of maintenance, salaries, etc., of architect's office, 1 5 months or during the construction of above, was only $10,000.00. The saving to this
Board by this Department was $30,000.00.
It is to be regretted that our Architect could not have had the buildings started earlier in the year, but with so many plans to prepare it was
unavoidable. However, next year we trust to see all work started early in
the spring and hope that our work and plans will not be delayed by a
strike, as has occurred in the year 1911.
In regard to the Medical Department of your Board, I would refer
you to the report of the Medical Inspector which will be placed before
you. The work and scope and duties of this Department must grow with
the increase in the number of pupils of our public schools. The evidence
and direction of the physical growth of our pupils is of equal if not more
importance than that of the mental growth; incidentally both mental and
physical development come under this department. The Medical Department should be of equal assistance to the earnest teacher who is desirous
of understanding his or her pupils, and who may perhaps wonder why her
efforts are so unproductive of results, when the fault lies altogether at the
door of the pupil or his or her environment.
There is no doubt but that the Medical Department has done good
and effective work during the last few years in lessening the number of infectious and contagious diseases in our schools. 18 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
I would like to say a great deal about our Manual Training, our
Night Schools, our Drawing, Music, Drill and Domestic Science Departments, but reports from the different Supervisors of these subjects will be
placed before you, and I feel sure that you will agree with me when I say
that we as a Board very much appreciate the excellent work that has been
done in these departments by the respective Supervisors and teachers. In
connection with these departments, we would like to see arrangements
whereby those who have attended certain classes should have the privilege
of attending more advanced classes, so that the education practically only
commenced in our public schools, could be carried on to a more satisfactory conclusion.
The Educational Department and the Government of British Columbia are to be congratulated in having accepted the conditions of the Strathcona trust for the encouragement of physical training and military drill in
our public schools. It might not be amiss here to state Lord Strathcona's
object in forming the trust: (1) The improvement of the physical and
intellectual capabilities of the children while at school by means of a proper system of physical training, calculated to improve their physical development, and, at the same time, to inculcate habits of alertness, orderliness
and prompt obedience; (2) the fostering of a spirit of patriotism in the
boys, leading them to realize that the first duty of a free citizen is to be
prepared to defend his country. The efficient carrying out of the above
work must be productive of good results to both teachers and pupils in
our public schools both mentally and physically.
In connection with this work, I would briefly mention our Cadet
Corps and Captain Davy. The citizens of Vancouver are proud of that
Cadet Corps, and we trust to see the movement extended until all our youth
who are physically fit will pass through that Cadet Corps before graduating from our High Schools. Recently we have had a visit from an
Australian Cadet Corps, whose purpose is to visit different cities and countries to pick up information respecting the natural products of different
countries, manufacturies, and other objects of interest. These boys have
been carefully selected, their Government is backing them up in their venture, and when they return and are distributed to the different countries
from which they come, they should as they grow older, become a powerful
factor in advancing the interests of Australia. If the British Columbia
Government would choose a certain number of Cadets each year and provision could be made whereby they could visit the different parts of the
Empire with similar objects, under proper supervision, there is no doubt
but what it would prove a great stimulus to our Cadets and eventually
prove of great advantage to themselves, to British Columbia and to the
Dominion and Empire.
In closing, I take this opportunity of thanking the different officials
of the Board for the efficiency of the work done in their respective depart- \>
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1 1 20
BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
ments during the past year, and for the loyal manner in which they have
carried out the expressed wishes of the Board. To the members of the
Board I can only say that I appreciate very much their cordial support
during the year and their zealous and painstaking attention to the work of
the Board; their harmonious working has contributed to any success that
has been attained in the past year.
Respectfully submitted,
W. D. BRYDONE-JACK,
Chairman of School Board.
Drawn by Ormand Et. »^jfl
j^«y»Npi^
^>/'y
3ptfr BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
REPORT • OF THE   MANAGEMENT  COMMITTEE
Vancouver, January  11th,   1912.
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen:
The Report of the Management Committee is somewhat lengthy, containing as it does a brief resume of the year's work, a forecast of changes
and improvements and a more detailed report of the work of the various
Departments by the Supervisors and Officer.
The usual difficulty of providing school accommodation was experienced. In December last, nineteen temporary class-rooms were in use.
The following schools and additions were completed and occupied during
the year: Cecil Rhodes, 8 rooms; Lord Nelson, 4 rooms; Lord Tennyson, 8 rooms; and Alexandra addition, 8 rooms. Temporary buildings
were erected at Beaconsfield and at the Children's Home. The following schools and additions were planned and arrangements made for the
rapid carrying on of building operations: Corner of Victoria and Eleventh Avenue, 8 rooms; corner of Bayswater and Sixth Avenue, 8 rooms;
Lord Nelson addition, 1 2 rooms; Lord Tennyson addition, 8 rooms and
an assembly hall; Britannia High School addition, 16 rooms and an assembly hall. The school on Eleventh Avenue and the one on Cornwall
Street as well, and the addition to the Lord Nelson will be occupied for
the first time tomorrow.
The responsibility of caring for the school population of Hastings
Townsite, now a part of the city, was assumed by this Board July 1 st,
1911. The school accommodation of the district was limited to a four-
room building and a one-room building on Block 39, and a one-room
building on about an acre and a half of land near Beaconsfield. All were
wooden buildings. The school population was about four hundred. District Lot 301, which became a part of the city at the same time as Hastings, was practically unprovided with school accommodation, the only provision being two frame buildings containing three rooms, situated on a
little over an acre of ground near Twenty-first Avenue. The school population was approximately 440. A number of children of the district have
attended city schools for some time, as their parents were ratepayers of
the city. The remaining children had been provided for by the Municipality of South Vancouver, in the 301 school and in South Vancouver
schools, under an arrangement with the Government. On account of the
lack of accommodation and on account of *^e inability of our Board to
legally make provision for the district in th as for 1911, the Gov
ernment agreed to assume all responsibility ^ district until December
31 st,  1911, by continuing their arrangements with the South Vancouver
Board.
As Hastings and D. L. 301 had been under Government control,
our Board felt that something should be done by the Government to assist BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
23
us in placing these districts in a more favorable position with reference to
sites and buildings. A request was made for Block 44 and other land
from Government reserves to provide sufficient school sites for Hastings,
and for $100,000 to purchase sites and erect a building in 301, in addition to present school properties.
The Municipality of South Vancouver wished to continue in charge
of D. L. 301 from January 1st to June 30th, 1912, the cost to be borne
by this Board and the Government. A census of the district in December showed that of the 441 school children, 143 were attending city
schools, 75 were attending the 301 school, 180 were attending in South
Vancouver, and 43 were not attending school, while 30 South Vancouver
pupils were attending the 301 school. Our Board did not see its way
clear to accede to South Vancouver's request because our city schools are
more convenient for the majority of 301 pupils than South Vancouver
schools, and because it was important that action should be taken to enforce at once the compulsory clauses of the Public Schools Act.
The following is a statement of the by-laws to provide for school sites
and equipment:—
1. Cecil  Rhodes  School—Eight-room  addition,   main  en
trance, principal's office, library and extra teacher's
room    $  78,000.00
2. School, corner of Twelfth Avenue and Victoria Street,
Mt. Pleasant—Eight-room addition, main entrance,
principal's office, library and extra teacher's room.      75,000.00
3. D.  L.  301—Eight-room school building arranged  for
eight-room   extension   and   future   assembly   hall   to
seat  600         65,000.00
4. D.  L.   301—Eight-room school building arranged  for
eight-room   extension   and   future   assembly   hall   to
seat  600         25,000.00
5. Block 39, North Hastings—Eight-room school building
arranged for eight-room extension and future assembly hall to seat 600       65,000.00
6. Block  44,   Hastings  Townsite—Temporary  four-room
wooden building, temporary toilets,  etc         5,500.00
7. South     Hastings—Accommodation     for     Beaconsfield
District         5,500.00
8. Dawson Site—New school   16  rooms  and  auditorium
to  seat   600      150,000.00
9. Central    Schoof^ ids—Four    rooms,    Night    and
Technical  Sc|        addition       25,000.00
10. School Sites—Grading and improving to comply with
new street grades, building, retaining walls, playground equipment       40,000.00 24
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
1 1.  Schools  Generally—Oil burning plants $100,000.00
12.  Schools Generally—Cement sidewalks     7,500.00
1 3.  School Grounds—Janitor's house     9,000.00
14. Schools   Generally—Sanitary   plastic   flooring   in   halls
and  corridors     5,000.00
15. School Desks     10,000.00
16. For   the   acquisition   of   Sites   for   some   of   the   above
Schools  as   follows:    D.   L.   301,  South  Hastings,
City  of  Vancouver  185,000.00
17. Schools Generally—To provide Manual Training and
Domestic Science equipment  20,000.00
$780,500.00
Reduced  by     4,000.00
$776,500.00
It seems to me very important that we should plan for the future so
that as far as possible what is done from year to year may form part of
what will be necessary for Vancouver in the years to come. For instance,
in the district from Stanley Park on the west to Clark Drive, on the east
and north of False Creek, there are two wooden school buildings and
seven brick buildings. In a few years some of these will have to be discontinued, first, because they will not be able to meet the requirements of
a congested apartment house district, and second, because they are not
good enough to warrant the extensive repairs which will be necessary to
keep them in first-class condition. The history of modern cities will be
repeated in Vancouver, and in the district mentioned there will be a large
school population living under the disadvantages of a crowded tenement
district. The welfare of the children must be cared for by the most modern equipment. Permanent buildings, carried three stories to leave as
much room for playground as possible, with facilities for systematic physical training, with sanitary conveniences in the way of shower baths, and
with auditoriums so that the school may be a social centre for the community, will be necessary.
The demand for vocational training and the rapidly growing Night
School classes are even now forcing on the Board the need for a large
Technical High School for the city, to be located as near the centre as
possible. It will be found advisable to have a certain amount of technical
work in each High School, but the history of vocational work in High
Schools strongly points to the advantages of a special school for this class
of work. Thos. Brough, b.a.
Principal of
Britannia High School
Grandview
Angus Clark
Principal of
Fairview School
E. Caspbi.l
Principal of
Simon Fraser School
Geo. McKee
Principal of
Macdonald School
Principal of
Seymour School 26
BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Our school equipment has been improved by substantial additions to
school libraries, physical and science apparatus for Elementary and High
Schools, maps, globes, drawing models, supplementary readers, and primary material.
About 200 pictures, chosen by Mr. Kyle while in Great Britain,
were framed and distributed among the schools. The Board have under
consideration the purchase of illustrating lanterns and the formation of a
library of slides at the School Board Office, for use in the various schools.
Three schools already have lanterns at their disposal. Six schools have
pianos. Hie School Board assists any school in its efforts to purchase a
piano.
Steady advance has been made in the work of Drawing and Art.
The exhibit of work at the Vancouver Industrial Exhibition was a credit
to our schools, and we need have no fear of complying with the request
of the directors of the Toronto Exhibition for an exhibit for the fall of
1912. Pupils in both High Schools are taking work in advance of the
requirements for the departmental examinations. A class in King Edward High School is doing repousse work. With about 300 teachers to
visit, it can readily be seen that the Supervisor of this Department must
have some assistance.
The teaching of Music for about six years is beginning to bring fruit
—in the large number of pupils who appreciate good music and in the
large number who can intelligently engage in choral work, and" in the general improvement in the use of the voice in oral reading as well as in singing. Music has always labored under the disadvantage that it was not.
a subject of examination, and was therefore apt to be neglected by the
teachers who were anxious for the success of pupils at the examinations,
also that in the Normal School, teachers receive no training in the subject. A good deal has been accomplished and much remains to be done;
pupils do not read as well as could be desired. What was said regarding"
assistance for the Supervisor of Drawing applies with equal force to the
Supervisor of Music.
The work in Manual Training and Domestic Science was carried,
on successfully along the lines of previous years, except that additions were
made to the staff and to the equipment. The fact that most High School
pupils take up these subjects in addition to the regular work of their course
is a fair indication that the work is appreciated on account of its practical
value. Boys in the Elementary Schools have woodwork for from three
to four years, and girls have sewing for two years and cooking for two-
years. Boys in the High School have advanced woodwork with machines,
and girls have dressmaking. The High School additions will enable the
Board to extend the work to include ironwork and mechanical drawing
for boys, and Domestic Art for girls, and more advanced science for all.
The report of the Medical Inspector, Dr. F. W. Brydone-Jack, is-
very full, and I recommend it to your careful consideration, as I believe- BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
27
we have a system excelled by none. The ratepayers of the city are saved
many times the cost of the work in the prevention of sickness, which is
much to be preferred to the cure. The adoption of sanitary towels, drinking fountains and the most modern conveniences in basements, has already
had its effect, but we must go further and in some sections of the city provide shower baths and other conveniences to meet the conditions arising in
certain sections. One effect of inspection is seen in the two special classes
for feeble-minded children, who are being carefully trained to social efficiency.    Other classes will be organized as circumstances demand.
The Department of Education having adopted the system of physical
exercises recommended by the terms of the Strathcona Trust, the Board
have taken steps to assist teachers to qualify to teach the course to their
pupils. The Supervisor, Lieut. Bundy, gives regular instruction to teachers at the various schools after hours, and also at night. Teachers may
attend either the day or night classes. The rifle classes are being carried
on under the supervision of Mr. Gardner. The Cadet Corps of King Edward High School is in excellent condition. The band in connection with
the Corps has added greatly to its general efficiency.
Every effort has been put forth to secure the attendance of all children from 7 to 1 4 at school regularly. To secure better results is impossible without some change which will enable the Board to establish a
Parental School and to give attendance officers the power necessary for
the proper carrying out of their duties. A Child Labor Act ought to be
adopted. The Judge of the Juvenile Court and the Probation Officers
would be greatly assisted in their work of dealing with juvenile delinquents by legislation similar to that enacted in Great Britain, United States
and some parts of Canada. In connection with the City Detention Home
the Board have a school. It is in the interests of those detained in the
Home that it be kept open during July and August.
The Board have encouraged in every way the use of school grounds
outside of school hours for play. Tennis courts have been made on most
of the school grounds for the use of teachers and pupils. The equipment
in the way of baseballs, footballs, nets, etc., has been supplied by the
Board. A committee from the Board is co-operating with the Park
Board and a Playground Committee to secure more parks and playgrounds
and the equipment of several of the grounds with apparatus. Provision
has been made in the by-laws for playground equipment for each of the
school grounds.
The Night Classes have grown rapidly and cover a wide range of
subjects. Much greater success would be possible if we had suitable accommodation for most of the classes in the centre of the city. Centralization of the work makes supervision easier and is more popular with students. The classes most largely attended are those where the instruction
is closely related to the life work of the pupils, in other words, the voca- 28 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
tional classes. It is to be regretted that pupils who leave school at 14
and begin work do not enter the classes. It is not until they are brought
to a realization of their own unfitness for remunerative employment that
they seriously undertake to improve their standing.
The work of the High Schools and Public Schools has been well
done. The examination results were in advance of the previous yeai.
Both High Schools distinguished themselves: King Edward High School
in having eight of its students amongst the first twelve on the Matriculation
List, and Britannia High School in having fourteen students pass in every
subject out of sixteen writing. Efforts are being made to meet the
individual needs of the pupils. It is to be regretted that so many pupils
of those who pass the Entrance examination fail to enter the High School.
There can be no doubt that some revision of High School course is necessary so that the various needs of a great city may be met. The new High
School additions will provide equipment for technical work on various
lines and steps should be taken to recommend to the Department courses
other than those in the present curriculum.
The work of a large Public School can not be carried on successfully
by a Principal who is responsible for the teaching of an Entrance class in
addition to his other duties. The practice elsewhere has placed the matter
beyond an experiment and we cannot long afford to remain as we are.
One important department of Public School work has up to the
present been neglected, and that is Kindergarten classes. Some sections
of the City require these classes more than others, but immediate steps
should be taken to lay this matter before the Department.
The Board has had considerable difficulty in securing experienced
teachers for the schools. In the last eight years salaries have been raised
from time to time so that in many cases there has been an increase of
100% in that period. The cost of living and the opportunities for making
more money in other occupations are responsible for the present situation.
The Board has been considering for some time a careful revision of the
salary schedule. We look for an early adjustment which will place the
remuneration of teachers on a better basis. A problem which has been
met in other places, but which remains unsolved here, is the question of
the Superannuation of teachers. I would recommend an early investigation
of this subject and the enlistment of the co-operation of the Principals and
teachers.
I was a member of this Board when our present City Superintendent
was appointed and have been a member ever since, and as one who has
seen the progress and growth of our school system during that period 1
can say with some degree of authority that he has faithfully and efficiently
devoted himself to the educational interests of the City. Many difficult
problems have had to be solved where expert advice was required, but we
can look over the record of the last eight years with pride and satisfaction R. Sparling
Principal of
Aberdeen School
H. Dole, m.a.
Principal of
Roberts School
G. H. Gower, m.a
Principal of
Model School
F. M. Cowperxhwaite, b.a.
Principal of
Lord Tennyson School
C. R. Evans
Principal of
Cocil Rhodes School
II
Principal of
Kitsilano School
F. A. Jewstt, b.a.
Principal of
Lord Nelson School
Wm. J. Gourlie, b.a.
Principal of
Central School
J. R. Pollock
Principal of
Dawson School
Principal of
Alexandra School
R. Straight
Principal of
Grandview School
m
IF. H. Dobson, B.A.
Principal of
' Strathcona School 30
BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
as being years of substantial progress.    We have a recognized place educationally among the cities of Canada.
I may also say a few words regarding the Assistant Superintendent
who served the Board on the teaching staff most efficiently some years
ago, who after a number of years as a Provincial Inspector resigned and
a year ago was elected a School Trustee. As a Trustee, Mr. Stewart's
services were very much appreciated by his fellow trustees, and he was
unanimously offered the position of Assistant Superintendent, which he
accepted in August last. During the short time he has been Assistant
Superintendent he has fully justified the high opinion the Board had of
his educational ability and fitness for the position.
Permit me in closing to remind the Board that we cannot stand still
in this work; to stand still is to go back. We must keep in touch with
the best that is possible, and be prepared to meet every educational need
as it arises.
Respectfully submitted,
THOS. DUKE,
Chairman, Management Committee. Trophies Won by Cadet Corps. BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
DRAWING
iaMag2ia«3%3afea^^
Drawn by Geo. Solkover—Strathcona School.
Vancouver, B. C, January 8th,  1912.
IV. P. Argue, Esq., B. A.,
City Superintendent,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:
I am pleased to be able to report that drawing in the Public Schools
and High Schools during the past year has been very satisfactory; the
design work especially showing a decided improvement.
The interest in drawing has been well maintained and the different
branches of the subject are becoming much more closely related to each
other.
The aim of our work is twofold, namely: to give the pupils a good
foundation for the practical work of commercial life, and to cultivate good
taste and appreciation of the beautiful.
With this end in view, the course includes Brush Drawing of objects
and natural forms as a basis. Then follow simple efforts in arrangement
of these forms as decoration. In the Senior Grades these design exercises
are worked in conjunction with the study of Geometry.
Solid Geometry is also an important factor, being the ground work
for the making and reading of working drawings—knowledge indispensable to the craftsman and designer. In the High Schools the design work
is, as far as possible, of a practical nature, and the results have been
very satisfactory.
For those wishing to go beyond the ordinary school course, an
optional art craft class has been formed and successfully carried on at
the King Edward High School, in copper repousee, and another is to be
started at the Britannia High School this year.
For those wishing to continue the work commenced in the Public
Schools,  either from  a  commercial standpoint or purely  from an artistic BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
33
point of view, evening classes have been  formed to give  an opportunity
for a more complete study of the various branches of art work.
All those interested in the art work of our schools should pay a visit
to the Aberdeen School, where a complete exhibit of last term's work from
all the schools is on view.
In conclusion, I wish to take this opportunity to thank the Principals
and Teachers for the interest and co-operation shown in carrying out this
branch of the school work.
Respectfully yours,
(Signed) W.   P.   WESTON,
Supervisor of Drawing. 34
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
ENROLMENT AND AVERAGE ATTENDANCE FOR 1911.
Enrolment. Av. Attend.
January         10,173 8,551.59
February         10,056 8,525.03
March         10,038 8,652.98
April         10,240 8,775.85
May         10,045 8,537.53
June       9,424 7,998.18
August           9,864 9,331.44
September     11,055 9,784.54
October        11,385 9,990.51
November     11,333 9,816.40
December    	
Enrolment for the month of October for each year since 1 897
Year Enrol.
1898 2724
1899 3117
1900 3393
1901 3710
1902 4087
1903 4416
1904 4994
Year
1905.
1906.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
Enrol.
.5609
.6437
.7370
.7984
..9942
.11385
Number of teachers on the Vancouver staff in December for each
year since
December,
December,
December,
December,
December,
December,
December,
December,
December,
1902:
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
Males.
. 29
. 30
. 29
. 38
. 47
. 58
. 65
. 71
. 72
Females.
63
71
83
92
103
115
128
155
181
Total.
92
101
112
130
150
173
193
226
263
Special Instructors employed by the Board,  1911:
Manual   Training     11
Domestic  Science     8
Supervisor of Music     1
Supervisor  of Drawing     1
Supervisor  of  Drill   and  Assistant  2
Director  of  Night  Classes  1
Teachers   in' Night  Classes  50
Special Officers employed by the Board:
Superintendent  and  Assistant     2
Medical  Health   Officer     1
Nurses  2
Attendance Officers  3
Number of Teachers holding the different grades of certificates:
University Graduate in Arts or Science	
Academic   Certificate   	
First-class   Certificate    	
Second-class Certificate	
Thiid-class   Certificate	
Temporary  Certificate   	
94
8
86
71
3
1  36
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
No. 1    S. NORTHROP
Supervisor of Manual Training
No. 2-C. W. MURRAY
Secretary of School Trustees and School Building
Superintendent
No. 3.-W. P. ARGUE, B.A.
Superintendent of City Schools
No. 4.—W. P. WESTON
Supervisor of Drawing
No. 5.-GEO. P. HICKS
Supervisor of Music
No. 6—A. C. STEWART
Assistant Superintendent  38
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
MUSIC
W. P. Argue, Esq.,
City Superintendent of Schools.
Dear Sir:
My sixth annual report as Supervisor of Music in the Public Schools
of this City I herewith submit to you.
The work of the Music Department during the year just ended has
been of a very interesting and encouraging character. The incoming of
so many new teachers and pupils adds interest to the work, as it also adds
to the difficulties of reaching a high standard of attainment.
The faithful and satisfactory work done by many of the teachers
has been very encouraging, showing that the interest in the study of music
is steadily and permanently growing. Our teachers generally are manifesting deeper interest in the subject, and the pupils are not a whit behind
them. But there are some whose musical attainments (as evidenced by
their work) are not much of which to boast. The fact of so many otherwise excellent teachers coming to us quite unprepared to teach this subject
is the greatest hindrance we have. This can be said, however: their attitude towards the subject is sympathetic.
From what I have seen and heard during the past term I think we
have reason for gratitude, and to feel a little justifiable pride in what has BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
39
been accomplished, considering the difficulties under which we labor. Our
children not only sing well, but are gaining a knowledge of the elements
which will enable them to read and understand music, so that whether
they eventually become performers or only listeners they will have a truer
and finer appreciation of the music they hear, and the community will be
immensely enriched musically.
It may be of interest to know what we are doing and what we hope
to accomplish, and in this I shall be as brief as possible.
We have now a graded course in music from the Receiving class to
the Entrance class, correlating with the other subjects of the curriculum.
But realizing that a large number of our pupils pass from the Public
School out into the cold, relentless world, where they are confronted with
so many evil and debasing influences, we are endeavoring to make some
provision whereby they can still continue the study of the divine art, by
establishing classes in connection with our Night Schools, and we are delighted to see so many young men and women taking advantage of the
opportunity.
In September, 1910, we organized our first class for vocal music,
and the numbers attending became so large that in January, 1911, we
found it necessary to divide the class. In so doing we discovered a number of good readers, for whom we opened an advanced class, and commenced the study of some easy choral compositions. At the close of the
season the class presented an unanimous request that a Choral Society on
the most approved model be organized. This request was forwarded to
the Board of School Trustees, who, with commendable foresight, fully
endorsed the scheme, and promised assistance so long as the Society were
content to work in connection with the Night Schools. This was received
with unbounded satisfaction by the promoters.
In September the newly-organized Society commenced their season's
work with an enthusiasm which laughs at impossibilities and says: "It shall
be done." The Chairman of the Board is Honorary President, the
Secretary of the Board is Honorary Treasurer, and your humble servant
is Conductor.
One of the most gratifying features of the Society is the large number of teachers who are members thereof. The attendance at the weekly
rehearsal is remarkable, averaging 94%. One public performance has
already been given. The press and public who were privileged to hear
it were united in bestowing unstinted praise upon our efforts.
Our Orchestra, which we organized two years ago, is making satisfactory progress and now numbers thirty-four members. It is affiliated
with the Choral Society, and on the next appearance before the public
will be found in their place with the Chorus., When we remember that
this department had its beginning with a few children, we have reason t«
be proud of what has been accomplished in so short a time. 40 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
At the present time our advanced work consists of an Elementary
class with a membership of 64, a Choral Society with a membership of
152, and an Orchestra of 34 players.
That the influence of our work is being felt outside the precincts of
our schools is shown by the fact that two years ago there was no Choral
Society or Orchestra in our City. Today we have four Choral Societies
and two Orchestras, and we extend our good-will to all.
Hitherto, as you are aware, music has not been taught in our High
Schools; but as a large proportion of the pupils attending them have passed
through our grade schools, having tasted of the good influence of music,
they now desire the continuation of it there. The Principal of the King
Edward High School is very enthusiastic about it, and has made a strong
appeal to the Board to have music started there. This is one of the most
hopeful and encouraging signs of our work. We hope arrangements can
be perfected so that a beginning may be made there next term, thus completing our chain.
We shall look confidently into the future, believing that our feeble
efforts may contribute something toward making Vancouver a musical City,
the great music centre of the West.
I cannot close this report without making special reference to one
of the most important, and yet one of the most delightful, features of our
work, namely, "the elimination of the Monotone." It is a great pleasure
to report that, through the painstaking efforts of our Primary teachers,
hundreds of children, who when they first came to school could only sing
in one gruff tone and could not discriminate between a high and a low
tone, have been cured and in every case have become brighter pupils.
In some of our schools, at least, to find a monotone after the First
Primer is an exception to the rule. I appreciate highly the hearty cooperation of these Primary Grade teachers in this very important matter.
In conclusion: My relations with the other supervisors, principals
and teachers have been most agreeable.
I desire again to thank you, Sir, for your kind, courteous and considerate treatment, for the words of counsel and encouragement which you
have given to me during the year. Also to the Board of Trustees for
every act which was significant of confidence. We have worked for the
' advantage of the educational interests of the youth of this City, especially
along the lines of musical education. I am sure every member of the Board
appreciates this fact.
Respectfully submitted,
(Signed) GEO. P. HICKS,
Supervisor of Music. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
41
PHYSICAL   CULTURE,   DRILL,   ETC.
Recruits for Dawson School Cadet Corps.
W. P. Argue, Esq.,
City Superintendent of Schools.
Dear Sir:
I have the honor to submit the following report on Physical Culture,
Drill and Rifle Practice for the year ending December,   1911:
During the months of February to June, inclusive, I was unable to
give attention to my duties owing to sickness,
yet during my absence the Physical and other
movements   of   the   pupils   received    careful
attention by most of the teachers.
At the commencement of the fall term I
reviewed most all of the daily movements of
the pupils, including Fire Drill, and was very
much impressed with the attention given and
the progress made. Special instruction was
also given to all new teachers and substitutes
appointed to the staff during the term.
During the fall term a change was made
in the Physical Culture System as desired, by
the conditions of the Strathcona Trust being
adopted. As this system is entirely new
to a large majority of the teachers, and
the number of teachers and schools having
increased, it was almost impossible for me
to give the lessons to the pupils in the classrooms as in the past. After
careful consideration, and with the approval of the Board of Trustees,
afternoon instruction classes for teachers were organized at all the large
schools, and at which all teachers attended, with only a few exceptions.
The instruction was very well received by the teachers, who at once
commenced to impart the same to the pupils. Instruction books on this
subject have been provided by the Board and a copy issued to each
teacher.
Sergt.-Majok Bundy
Drill Instructor 42
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
To teach this system of Physical Culture in the proper order of
progression, and to grade it properly, some considerable time must be
taken. The results so far are exceedingly good. There are at present
sixteen teachers on the staff fully qualified to teach this subject, they being
in possession of the necessary certificate.
A night class for teachers was also formed, to enable those who are
desirous of qualifying as soon as possible to do so. The interest shown
at this class has been very gratifying and the attendance was all that could
be desired, no less than 66 teachers being enrolled. The lessons are given
in the auditorium of the King Edward High School on Tuesday and
Wednesday evening of each week.
Fire Drill and Daily Movements.—The Fire Drill and Daily
Movements of the pupils are receiving the proper attention, and remain
the same, without any alteration or change.
Rifle Teams.—On account of my having to give lessons to the
teachers after school hours, I found it impossible to continue instruction
to the boys in the rifle practice; and as a very keen interest has been shown
by the members of the teams for several years, it was recommnded that
this part of the instruction to the boys be continued. Mr. S. D. Gardner, who is fully qualified, was appointed to conduct this work under my
supervision, and under his able instruction the Rifle Teams representing
sixteen of our largest schools are well organized and continue their practices
faithfully.
Respectfully submitted,
(Signed) A. C. BUNDY,
Supervisor of Physical Culture. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
43
ATTENDANCE   REPORT
December 31 st,   1911.
W. P. Argue, Esq.,
City Superintendent.
Dear Sir:
I have the honor to submit to you this my fifth annual report for the
year 1911.
During the year there was a total of 2526 complaints from the
various schools—in January, 235; February, 292; March, 229; April,
193; May, 206; June, 222; September, 334;
October, 493; November, 322; December, 186.
Truancy was discovered in 185 cases, the greatest
number being in October with 29 cases! Infectious
diseases were discovered in 50 cases, as follows:
Measles, 23 ; mumps, 17 ; whooping cough, 3;
chicken-pox, 3 ; scarlet fever, 3 ; typhoid fever, 1.
There were 365 cases discovered on the street
during school hours, out of which uumber 42 cases
were of truancy and 1 7 who were working under
school age, all of whom were returned to school. It
was found necessary to take three cases before the
Police Magistrate to obtain the desired result. In
two cases a fine was imposed, and in the other a
warning was given.
The Medical Department sent in 248 complaints, which were attended to by the officer in
whose district they resided.
The method of having pupils who are excluded report at the school
for re-examination seems to work out to advantage, as only four complaints have been received in the last two months  from that department.
I would respectfully urge that the Board keep our request for a
Newsboy Law and Parental School before the department, and also the
need for a Child Labor Law, which becomes more apparent every year.
There are so many newcomers who have never attended our schools, and
as our officers have not the authority to enter places of employment for
the purpose of enforcing the compulsory clause of the School Act, and
as it is not an offence to employ children under fourteen, and that in Muni-
Jamks Ivglis
Attendance Officer 44
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
cipalities only six months'  attendance at school is compulsory,  it will be
readily seen that this department is at a disadvantage to obtain good results.
It is to be hoped that the Legislature will see the need for these
changes. This department has had the support of Judge Shaw and Chief
Probation Officer H. W. Collier of the Juvenile Court, and I take this
opportunity of thanking them for the efforts they have made in several
cases when only careful consideration and still more careful supervision
could have obtained the desired reform under the existing conditions.
Respectfully yours,
(Signed) JAS.  INGLIS,
Attendance Officer. BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
45
DOMESTIC SCIENCE
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W- *>*>..*-.a*
|gg
December 31st,   191 1.
W. P. Argue, Esq.,
City Superintendent,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:
I beg to submit the following annual report of the work done in the
Home Economics department of the Public Schools for the year 191 1.
The work in this department has been continued as planned in 1910.
Owing to certain unavoidable causes, several schools which had been
planned to be finished for the opening of the fall term were not ready, and
the number of classes taking Sewing could not be increased. As the
Manual Training rooms in these schools will be ready early in 1912, we
hope, before long, to be able to give the girls of every class in the Intermediate Grade the regular sewing course. A change was made in the
actual work by the class, which has helped greatly to stimulate interest,
and has been approved by the teachers.    A large doll was purchased for 46
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
each school, and as soon as the pupils have mastered a few stitch forms,
they cut out, and put the stitches into practical use upon the various garments required to clothe the doll. This not only makes the lessons practical, but opens a way for many useful lessons on textiles, hygienic clothing, etc., besides the actual sewing lesson.
The Elementary work in Cookery begins when a pupil enters the
Senior Grade. There are now forty-eight Senior Grade classes (an increase of ten over last year) receiving weekly lessons in the six centres
already established. Two more centres are to be opened as soon as the
rooms can be got ready, when we shall be able
to cover every Senior Grade Class. The course
of study adopted in September, 1910, has been
carefully revised by the teachers in session, and
several changes made. More time will be
devoted to sanitation and to the planning and
serving of meals and somewhat less to cookery.
To this end, enough linen, dishes and other tableware, to set a family table, has been added to the
equipment of each centre. As there is much
work done by the regular teacher, which has a
bearing upon cookery and sanitation, there is still
much work to be done to correlate our work and
thereby save time and energy.
In the High Schools, the course in Sewing
; and Garment Making has been continued,
and the staff increased in each High School,
Very pretty and creditable exhibits of work
were held at each High School in June,
and were visited by many interested. Refreshments were served by the
girls of the various classes. There are many enquiries by parents and
pupils about the full High School course, to be established when the new
wings to the High Schools are finished, showing that there are many
anxious to continue the course begun in the Elementary Grades.
The Cookery classes invited their parents and friends to class lessons
in June, and served the dishes made.
An exhibit of cookery and sewing was sent to the "Made-in-Canada"
Fair, and to the Vancouver Exhibition. The cupboards provided by the
Exhibition Managements greatly aid in keeping the work clean while
being displayed.
Miss Berry
Supervisor of Domestic
Science
All of which is respectfully submitted.
(Signed)        ELIZABETH BERRY,
Supervisor of Home Economics. BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
47
MANUAL TRAINING
Manual Training Room—Britannia High School.
December 31st,   191 1.
W. P. Argue, Esq.,
City Superintendent of Schools.
Dear Sir:
I have great pleasure in once again reporting a year's progress.
Whilst no change has been made in the course of work, there has
been evidence in most centres of improved methods of teaching, and there
is a far greater quantity of specimens and teaching apparatus in the rooms.
During the year there have been two additions to the staff which now
numbers twelve, including myself. There are now under instruction 1,607
children in the Intermediate and Senior Grade classes. These are drawn
from 76 classes; but as there are already over 1 06 classes in these grades,
it has been necessary to provide three new centres (Nelson, Tennyson and
•Cypress and Cornwall), which will be in active operation early in the
coming year. These will barely provide for present needs, and, judging
from previous years, the increase of population will necessitate the installation of at least three other centres (Model, new Mount Pleasant and
Children's Aid), in order to provide Manual Training for all children in
the Intermediate and Senior grades. These are, therefore, included in
jiext year's estimates.  BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
49
There has been an increase in the number of High School students
taking Manual Training as an optional subject (215 in King Edward
High School and 83 in Britannia High School).
Classes are now being held continuously from Monday morning to
Friday afternoon in the King Edward High School and on one morning
and every afternoon in the Britannia High School. As an experiment, at
the request of the Principal, Mr. Matthews, arrangements were made to
take two classes of girls from the King Edward High School in woodwork
on similar lines to the course taken by the boys, and although it is too
early to give any assurance of their ultimate success, I may say that the
42 girls who joined have made quite a good beginning. These classes
are held after school hours so that ordinary studies may not be interfered
with.
I regret having to report the unsatisfactory nature of several of the
basement rooms for teaching purposes. The lighting in the Simon Fraser
and Alexandra centres is insufficient, and the ventilation in the Roberts
and Seymour centres is bad at intervals, especially when the room overhead
is in use by the Domestic Science classes. In my opinion basements are
not generally suitable for teaching purposes, and I beg to recommend that
a special wing, with rooms for Manual Training, cookery and sewing, be
provided in future buildings.
I thank you for your valuable advice at all times and for the ready
manner in which my requests have been granted, and beg to remain,
Yours  faithfully,
(Signed S.  NORTHROP,
Supervisor of Manual Training.
Drawn by J. Molaff—Strathcona School.
I. BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
I ^	
MEDICAL INSPECTION
December 31st,  191 1.
W. P. Argue, Esq.,
City Superintendent of Schools.
Dear Sir:
I have much pleasure in submitting to you the report on  Medical
Inspection for the year ending December 31st,   191 1.
The following clauses, extracted from the 1910 Schools Health Inspection Act for British Columbia, will indicate the scope of the work:
(2) "The School Trustees of every city of every rural municipality
school district in the Province of British Columbia
shall appoint one or more School Health Inspectors,
shall assign to each Inspector the schools to be
inspected, and shall provide them with proper
facilities for the performance of their duties as Health
Inspectors of Schools and School Children. (5)
Every School Health Inspector shall forthwith
upon his appointment, and thereafter at least once in
every school year, or oftener if required by the
School Trustees make a thorough examination as to
the general health of all children attending school in
the district of which he is such Inspector, and of all
teachers and janitors in such district. He shall also
carefully examine all school buildings and school
surroundings in his district, and shall report to the
Board of School Trustees, fully and in detail, the
result of such examinations. In such report
he shall state whether or not he considers
that the condition of health of any child,
children, teacher or janitor (naming them) is such as to endanger the
health of the children at such school, and shall set forth his recommendations as to the school buildings and school surroundings. (2) The Board
of School Trustees for the district shall forthwith act upon such report,
and shall remove from the school any child or children, teacher or janitor
whose health is so reported by the School Health Inspector as being
dangerous to children in such school, and such child, children, teacher or
janitor shall not be permitted to return to school in such district unless
and until he or they deliver to the Board of School Trustees a certificate
in writing, signed by the School Health Inspector for the district, permitting such return. Section 6. The School Trustees of every school district in the Province shall cause every child in the Public Schools to be
separately and carefully tested and examined at least once in every school
Dr. F. W. Brydonk-Jack  52 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
year as to the condition of sight and hearing, of throat and teeth, and as to
any other physical disability or defect liable to prevent his receiving the
full benefit of his school work, or as to whether he requires a modification
of the school work in order to secure the best educational results. The
tests of sight and hearing may be made by teachers having authority from
the Provincial Board of Health. The School Trustees shall cause notice
of any such defect or disability requiring treatment to be sent to the parent
or guardian of the child, and shall require a physical record of each child
to be kept in such form as the Provincial Board of Health shall prescribe.
Section 7. (1 ) The School Trustees, or teacher in charge, shall cause
to be referred to a School Health Inspector (who in such case must be a
duly qualified physician) for examination and diagnosis, as follows: (a)
Every child returning to school without a certificate recognized by the
local health authorities after suffering from or being exposed to any contagious or infectious disease; (b) every child who has been absent on
account of illness or from unknown cause; (c) every child who shows
signs of being in ill-health or suffering from contagious or infectious
disease, unless he is at once excluded from school by the teacher; (d) no
child so referred to the School Health Inspector shall be permitted to
return to school unless and until he delivers to the teacher in charge of the
school a written certificate, signed by the School Inspector, permitting
such return. Section 8. Whenever a child shows symptoms of small-pox,
scarlet fever, measles, chicken-pox, tuberculosis, diphtheria, or influenza,
tonsilitis, whooping cough, mumps, scabies, ringworm, trachoma, or any
other contagious or infectious disease, he shall be sent home immediately
by the teacher in charge of the school, or as soon as a safe and proper
conveyance can be found, if such is necessary, and the Local Board of
Health and School Trustees shall at once be notified by such teacher.
Section 9. The Provincial Board of Health shall prescribe the directions
for tests of sight and hearing and shall prescribe and furnish forms for
test cards, blanks, record books and other useful appliances for carrying
out the purposes of this Act. Section 10. The School Health Inspector
shall have supervision over all physical exercises of pupils attending school,
and in special cases may modify or prohibit such exercises."
Though the City Medical Officer is responsible to the City and the
School Medical Officer responsible to the City Board of School Trustees,
yet both are responsible to the Provincial Board of Health. Both work
to improve the health of the community, and though in the great part a
very sharp line can be drawn between the work done by the two officers,
yet there are times when the work of one will overlap the work of the
other. This we have found to be no cause for friction. We keep in daily
touch with each other in regard to the health of the City, and as School
Medical Officer I have always given immediate attention to any matter in
connection with the schools which could be of help to the City Medical
Officer. The two departments work harmoniously together and each is
a great necessity to the other,   particularly in regard   to the control of ■I
BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES 53
infectious diseases such as smallpox, chicken-pox, measles, scarlet fever,
mumps, diphtheria, whooping cough, tuberculosis, infantile paralysis, etc.
Whenever such a disease occurs in the family where there are children
attending school, the City Health Department immediately notifies the
School Medical Officer. The school is visited and the necessary steps,
such as fumigation, repeated inspection of the class for a number of days
following during which time there may be a possibility of the disease
developing in some other pupil who has been exposed to the disease when
the affected pupil was attending school, and the burning of infected books,
etc., may be arranged for. The schools in turn immediately notify the
City Health Department, besides the School Medical Officer, whenever
they have reason to suspect an infectious disease in the family of a pupil.
The Health Department investigates the case, and if the disease is present
the school is immediately notified. In many places it is the custom of the
School Medical Officer to visit these suspected homes, but we believe that
it is better for the School Medical Officer not to visit them as he might
be the means of carrying the disease to the school where he is in contact
with so many each day.
The work of examining the pupils in school falls very distinctly under
two heads: (1 ) Examinations for cleanliness and the presence of communicable diseases; (2) Physical Examinations. The staff consists of
two doctors, one a full-time officer appointed in January, 1910, and the
other a half-time officer appointed a few weeks ago and who begins work
on the 10th inst. There are two nurses, one appointed in March, 1910,
and the other in August, 1911, both giving full time, from 9 a.m. till
5 p.m., to the work.
The work done by the Doctor consists in: (1) Physical Examinations. A schedule of visits for the term to each school is arranged to take
place on a day when there is a free classroom in the school which the
doctor can use while examining the pupils. The whole half-day is spent
making Physical examinations. The classes are taken in turn—girls and
hoys, of course, separately. Also special examinations are made whenever a teacher has such a case to refer to the doctor. Each school will
receive at least two half-day visits a month from the doctor, and some a
weekly visit. (2) Examinations of classes in which a case of infectious
disease has occurred. (3) Examinations of the Sanitary conditions of the
school at each visit and of the heating, lighting and ventilation whenever
necessary.
The work done by the nurses consists in: (1 ) Assisting the doctor
while making physical examinations by preparing the children, by recording
the child's physical condition on the Physical Record Card, and by sending notices of physical defects to the parents. A few days after sending
such notice the nurse visits the home and explains the necessity for treatment. Records are kept of each case requiring treatment, and such a
case is kept in view and visited till treatment is obtained.     (2)  Examining 54
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
children for cleanliness, and the presence of communicable diseases
(desquamation, scarlet fever, etc.). For this work there is a definite
schedule of visits for each school, and it is the aim to examine the pupils
of each school once every two months. Unclean children receive notices
for clean clothes and a bath. If they do not follow instructions they are
visited. Children suffering from pediculosis, if vermin are present, or if
there is a probability of vermin being   present, are sent home with   the
School Clinic—Tr
necessary instructions for treatment. They are visited within two days,,
and, if in condition, are readmitted to school. If they do not show evidence
of careful attention, the nurse goes over the treatment with the mother and
arranges to see the child at the school within a few days, when the child
will be readmitted if fit. These children, together with those that have
"nits," are seen weekly by the nurse until the parents have removed all
the nits.    The parents are repeatedly urged to remove the nits until the BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES 55
child's hair is free from them. Children suffering from itch and ringworm
are also sent home and are referred to the School Medical Officer for
diagnosis. These cases are also visited, and if the circumstances are needy
directions for treatment are given. Children suffering from ringworm can
only be readmitted by the School Medical Officer who has the necessary
apparatus to make the required microscopical examination. If the nurse
discovers a child desquamating or suffering from one of the infectious
diseases, she immediately isolates the case and sends for the school doctor.
A list of the excluded children and those under observation is given to the
teacher. The names of children who fail to present themselves at the
appointed time for examination, or who fail in carrying out the necessary
treatment, are given to the attendance officer, who may use any pressure
that is necessary to cause the parents to clean their children and present
them for examination. In order to facilitate the readmission to school of
these children that have been absent from school on account of sickness,
infectious or contagious diseases included, the School Medical Officer has
the hours 4-5 each school day in his office at the School Board building.
At the visits to the schools the nurse sees that the Physical Record
Cards of a class are up-to-date; that the visions, etc., have been taken,
so that when the doctor goes to the school there will be no loss of time in
beginning his Physical examinations. As indicated, the nurse frequently
visits the homes. Here she sees what influences the home will have on
the health, the cleanliness, and the morality and the educational progress
of the child. It is her duty to give the mother information when required
that will enable the family to live more hygienic lives. Advice on ventilation, clothing, care of the infant, amount of sleep required by the child,
etc., is frequently given.
The work of the doctor and the nurse has been shown, but the
teacher also does a great deal, and without the teachers' co-operation
Medical Inspection would fall very short of its possibilities. The teachers'
work consists of the following: (1) Sending out with new pupils a
small Medical Information Card enclosed in an envelope, which is 'signed
by the parents. The information so offlmned is transferred to the Physical
Record Card (5"x8" in size). The Medical History and findings are
kept on one side of the card and the pupil's educational progress, his
address, etc., are kept on the other side of the card. Each pupil has a
Physical Record Card. Each class is alphabetically arranged, and the
cards of the class are placed in a cabinet provided for the school. The
teacher for each class keeps her class's cards in order and up-to-date as
far as the school progress is concerned. The teachers also do the testing
for vision, which alone would provide a year's work if the school doctor
had to do it himself. The children are tested at 20 feet. Each eye is
tested separately and the number of the line (the number of feet at which
the line should be read) last read by the pupil is recorded in the place
indicated on the card. The vision card is placed in a good light with
XX ft. line on a level with the pupils' eyes.    If by this test a pupil's eye- sight is found defective he is referred to the School Medical Officer, who
has received special training, for further examination. Besides the vision
test, each child is asked if he suffers from any of the symptoms of eye
strain, which are named at the time he is examined physically. If the
teacher notices that a child is slightly deaf "X ' is placed in the column
after deafness, so that an examination of the ear may be made. The
teacher indicates attendance by "RM for regular, "I" for irregular. Proficiency is indicated by "a," excellent, "b," good, "c" fair, "d," bad.
This information the School Medical Officer finds of great value, for it
indicates to him that a child must receive a more thorough examination
to find the cause of irregularity in attendance or of backwardness in his
studies.
There is a space for height and weight on these cards, and in the
coming year records of the same will be made as soon as we can get the
necessary scales in the schools.
When filling in the Medical History, if a child has had one of the
diseases named place "X" in the vacant space following the name of the
disease; if the child has not had the disease the space is left blank, so that
it can be filled in if the child subsequently contracts one of the diseases.
This Physical Record Card will accompany the pupil from the Receiving
class till he graduates from the University in our City. If a pupil is transferred to another City School, his Physical Record Card is sent to that
school by mail. If the child's future City address is not definitely known,
his card is sent to the School Medical Department and a copy of the report will be sent to the Provincial Board of health, from where it may be
obtained by the school to which the pupil finally goes. The cards of
pupils who leave school are dealt with similarly. Besides this, the teacher
immediately notifies the City Health Department and the School Medical
Officer when she has reason to believe that there is an infectious disease
in the home of one of her pupils. If a pupil breaks out in sores, a ringworm, etc., between the visits of the nurse and the doctor, the case is
reported to the doctor and the child sent to the doctor's office in the School
Board Building for examination. Blank forms are provided in order to
expedite the work of the nurse and the teacher in sending notices.
As indicated in the previous pages, we have instituted the beginning
of a small school clinic, the work done at the present being limited to the
examination of children seeking readmission to school after illness, after
suffering from the infectious diseases, and for special examinations. It
will be our aim in the future to enlarge the work by providing children
in families suffering from financial stress with examinations for glasses
when the eyes are defective, treatment for discharging ears, ringworm, itch,
impetigo, pediculosis, running sores, etc. Every case will be fully investigated before treatment is given, and if they can be persuaded to go to a
doctor for advice this will be done, and it will be our care to see that the
doctor's treatment is carried out.    Children requiring operations, etc., will
%■* BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
57
be referred to the hospital.    If possible a dentist chair will also be put in
the Clinic rooms, so that the teeth may also receive attention.
Up to the present there has been no free dispensary in Vancouver,
School Clinic- Examining an Eyk.
out this week  a small beginning under the  auspices  of     the  Associated
Charities will be made.     Rooms  and drugs,  etc.,   for this purpose have Oo BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
been provided in the old hospital building. The Vancouver Medical Association are providing the doctors to carry on the work. Much good will
be done and a great deal of distress will be relieved. It is, I think, much
better to have school children attend a school clinic. If they were to attend
a free dispensary they would be thrown in contact with many undesirable
characters and influences. Besides, it has been generally found that the
Free Dispensary or Hospital has not the accommodation or the time to
provide treatment to the number of school children who need and apply
for it. However, we have not started a school clinic of this character
yet, and it may be some time before we do; but such a clinic I shall strongly recommend.
In connection with the school buildings, there is not much to say. The
new buildings will be modern in every respect, and absolutely fireproof
in construction. The Plenum system of ventilation is used, the air entering
the rooms at 65° F. The air in the room will be changed every five
minutes, and in order to prevent draughts a dispersing apparatus will be
placed inside the opening of the inlet register. Arrangements will be made
to supply any additional moisture required to the fresh warmed air. In
the High Schools and larger buildings the air will be washed before it is
forced into the rooms. In these schools as well steam radiators (high-
pressure system) will be placed in the rooms to supply any additional heat
required. In the other schools the low-pressure system will be installed.
The rooms measure 24x32x12'. They will be lighted from the left side
only and the window area in clear glass will be one-fourth of the floor
area. In the majority of the rooms artificial light (electric) will also be
placed, so that the rooms may be used by night classes. The rooms could
not be better lighted. The cloakrooms will be well lighted, heated and
ventilated. The floors are of cement, but are covered with thick linoleum.
The seats in the rooms are adapted to the size of the majority of the class,
but in each row there will be adjustable seats for those that are larger or
smaller than the average. The lavatories have tiled floors and walls, and
are lighted, heated and ventilated. The individual water closet is used
and each automatically flushes after use. Compartment urinals are used,
with one long trough at the floor level. The main lavatory will be placed
in the basement, but there will be an emergency single lavatory on the
upper floor. In these schools drinking fountains are installed in suitable
places. Sanitary paper tissue towels are placed conveniently to the wash
basins for the purpose of drying the hands. Toilet paper in patent holders
to prevent waste are in each lavatory.
In my last annual report several schools were mentioned which needed
improvements in lighting, heating, ventilation and sanitation. This required
a considerable amount of money, which the School Board were fortunate
enough to obtain. Plans were made to make the alterations during the
Summer holidays, but owing to the lengthy strike which then occurred the
Board were compelled to lay the matter over till next summer. When
making these improvements, I would strongly recommend that Shower Baths BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 59
be installed in the schools situated in the crowded centre of the town.
Large numbers of children attending such schools live in a very humble
way. Many live in two-roomed tenement cabins that have practically no
light or ventilation. Some cabins have no baths; those that have charge
$1.00 for three bathings. A mother is not allowed the privilege of bathing a couple of children at one time unless it is counted as two baths.
Bathing to such people is a very expensive necessity, and is frequently put
off as long as possible. It has been found in schools where showers and
free baths have been placed at the disposal of the children that they have
been greatly used, the pupils taking a keen enjoyment in bathing themselves. The children have become cleaner and healthier and the air in the
classroom has become a great deal sweeter and purer, much to the comfort
of the children and the teacher. The schools where these showers are
neded most at present are the Seymour, Strathcona and the Central. Later
on the Mount Pleasant and the Dawson, etc., will have very congested
districts around them, and they will need shower baths installed.
It is in connection with the buildings that the janitors render good
service to the Medical Department. The dust problem is dealt with by
the use of a preparation of oiled sawdust which is used when sweeping the
linoleums. In the old schools the wood floors are oiled two or three times
a year. This keeps the dust down very effectively. When it is necessary
to fumigate a room, the janitor pastes over all openings in the room with
newspaper. Two large pails are put in the room, and in each of these is
placed a pint of formalin and a half-pound of potassium permanganate.
The door is then locked and sealed over. A chemical reaction takes place
and the room becomes densely filled with formaldehyde gas, which is an
efficient disinfectant. After twelve hours the room is opened up and
thoroughly ventilated. Infected books are burned and the desks, floors,
etc., washed with Izal fluid, one part to 200 parts of water. This diluted
liquid disinfectant is also used for washing the seats of the water closets
and for using once or twice a week on the lavatory floors. In some of
the older schools with cement floors in the lavatories Izal powder is frequently dusted on the floor. The use of this disinfectant in lavatories has
done much to keep them sweet smelling.
A class was started last February under Miss Dauphinee, a nurse
and a teacher of marked ability, for children suffering from mental
defects. The class was limited to twelve pupils, and proved so successful
that at the beginning of the fall term it was necessary to form a second
class, which was placed under Miss Kerr, a teacher who has displayed
a great deal of enthusiasm for her work and has spared no pains to make
her class a successful one. Two classes are conducted in the Central
School, which is placed in the heart of the city. Many inquiries are constantly being made about these classes, and it may be soon necessary to
form a third.  BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
61
While on the subject of special classes it will be in order to state that
it will soon be necessary to begin a class for children suffering from
defective eyesight.
The course in Physical Culture outlined by the Strathcona Trust
is a very excellent one and is calculated for the all-round development of
the child. The exercises are graded and are adapted to the simultaneous
use by the pupils of both sexes. A class receives from three to five minutes
exercise several times daily between lessons in order to relieve cramped
positions and to facilitate the removal from the brain of the fatigue-producing products which result from the use of the brain. Before exercising,
the windows and doors in the room are opened and every child blows his
nose, using the handkerchief. This enables them to breathe freely through
the nose besides fostering a cleanly habit. Children suffering from physical deformities are recommended to take special corrective exercises. Those
who suffer from physical defects, etc., are to have the exercises modified
to their requirements, or else, if necessary, may be excused from taking
them.
In my last report I stated our desire to begin a series of lectures to
the older girls on such things as home nursing, care and dress of the infant,
etc., but on account of the rush of work we were unable to carry out our
plans. It is likely that we shall be able to begin these lectures next
spring.
From the viewpoint of the School Medical Officer the teaching of
music in the schools does much good. Besides developing the child's
aesthetic nature it teaches correct breathing and voice-production matters,
which must receive the greatest care in the treatment of stammerers and
children suffering from other defects of speech. We find music to be
particularly valuable in the education of the mentally weak who only
learn by directing attention particularly to the special senses, sight,
hearing, etc.
There are many other aspects of School Medical Inspection such as
Open-Air Schools, supervised games and playgrounds, free lunches, etc.,
all of which are receiving attention at the present time, but as the space
is limited I shall conclude the report by giving a few figures and by
enclosing the report of Miss E. G. Breeze on School Nursing. Both Miss
Breeze and Miss McLellan, our school nurses, have worked assiduously
to obtain the best results in the good work they are following and both
deserve a great deal of praise for what they have accomplished. I must
express my gratitude to the School Board, the teachers, instructors and
officials with whom our work has brought us into contact for their hearty
co-operation and assistance in the work of Medical Inspection.
Respectfully submitted,
F. W. BRYDONE-JACK,
School Medical Officer. 62
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES-
MEDICAL INSPECTION (NURSE REPORT)
Dr. F. W. Brydone-Jack,
School Medical Officer.
Dear Sir:
I have much pleasure in submitting to you a report on Medical
Inspection as it affects the School Nurse.
During the past year the work of the school nurse has assumed much
larger proportions. This is not altogether due to the growth of the school
population and the consequent increase of schools but to the realization
of the necessity of opening up new lines of work. As the work of Medical Inspection progresses one thing after another arises and demands that
notice be taken of it. These calls often become so insistent that it sometimes appears to the workers that the whole efficiency of their department
is being threatened by their inability to accomplish what seems so necessary.
This was borne in on us so forcibly during the spring term that it was
decided that an addition to the nursing staff might enable us to carry
on our plans for the enlargement of our usefulness. With the opening of
the fall term, however, we found such an increase in our school population,
and it seemed such a necessity for very frequent visits to schools, that it
was decided that once more we should put aside our plans for the exten-
tion of our work and confine our energies entirely to inspections, physical
examinations, and home visiting.
In the coming year we are hoping to plan our work so that at least
a small beginning may be made in the extension work. Our plan is to
give the older girls in the public schools a short course in home nursing.
Every woman is called upon at times to care for sick people and many
times is at a loss to know how to do the very simplest things that mean
such a great deal in the way of comfort to a sick person. We do not
propose to make trained nurses—but simply to teach them how best to
do some of the minor treatments for which trained assistance would in
most cases be considered unnecessary, but which if properly applied would
produce mucrMlpetter results. Among these things are the proper application of mustard plasters, poultices, fomentations, etc.; also what to do in
cases of emergency and how to care for and feed infants. In many cases
infants are left almost entirely to the care of young girls while mothers
go to work. These girls know nothing of the proper care and feeding
for these babies, and many of the mothers know little more. The result
is that every year many babies die simply from illness which in the
majority of cases is caused by ignorance. We feel that if we can teach
the girls a few of the principles underlying the feeding of infants and
the proper care of them that some of the babies will be better protected,
particularly during the summer months, when the dangers are greater for
them.     Besides this we will be preparing the girls to meet some of the BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 63
responsibilities of life in a more intelligent manner.* This, we think, will
cover the ground at present. Later on we hope to enlarge on this plan
and teach the High School girls many useful things.
The majority of Vancouver's school children come from good homes,
though there are many who are living in most unsanitary places and in
a most unhealthy way. The number of families living in cabins is
decreasing, though many still live in rooms over stores, nearly all of these
being in old wooden buildings which are dark, damp and musty. There
are many, too, in shacks and old almost tumbledown, houses that one
wonders have not long ago been condemned as unfit for human habitation.
The odor of these places is characteristic and so heavy and penetrating
that it can be readily detected upon the children in school. Among the
foreigners, Italians, Greeks and Russians, many cases of overcrowding
are suspected, and in one case we found a family of seven, not including
three boarders, living on a small scow in two rooms. One of the children
was tuberculous and we strongly suspected the father of the same trouble.
Through our efforts they dispensed with the boarders and moved into a
house with four rooms which was a vast improvement for them. Another
case which shows the type of homes in the poorer part of the city is that
where a mother and three children are occupying a room about 18 feet
long by 8 feet wide. The back part of the room is curtained off to serve
as a home for the family, and the front is used as a store. All around in
both home and store are piles of old clothing, for it is by buying and
selling old clothes that the mother supports the family as the father is in
the Westminster Asylum. I might add that this "home" is entirely lacking
in any sanitary arrangements. Last summer the little baby of this home
died, and one can scarcely ask why: Improper feeding, improper air and
ignorance. This case was reported to the health authorities to ascertain
what could be done to relieve these conditions, or if arrangements could
be made to remove the children to some of the institutions, but though the
authorities agreed that it was a most unsanitary place and not fit for
children still they did not see that anything could be done while the present
unsatisfactory by-laws were in force. In the near future they hoped to
have the revision of the by-laws completed so that such conditions could
be satisfactorily dealt with.
The home visits are a very important feature of our work. The
school nurse is something more than a name to the mothers, for we find that
a great interest is taken in what we try to teach the children. The difference between a vague somebody called the school nurse and a real flesh
and blood acauaintance, means the difference between an effort for better
things—cleanliness or the treatment of a defect, as the case may be—or
an indifference to the whole- thing. The school nurse must be adaptable,
tactful and sympathetic to obtain the greatest success in home visiting. The
people at whose homes it is necessary that she should visit are usually suspicious of her and her intentions. If the nurse can make the mother feel
that she is a friend and has ccme to see her in a friendly way, half the bat- 64 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
tie is won. This is essential, for unless the confidence of the mother is
gained, very little can be accomplished. This is frequently a very difficult
task, and one that is sometimes quite unsuccessful. Very often it is impossible to gain an entrance to a home, and the nurse is forced to deliver
her message through a six-inch opening of the door. Then, again, many
times we are listened to passively and every statement agreed with, but we
leave the house feeling that it was anything to get rid of us and that things
would continue in the same old way. Of all the branches of school nursing this is the most important, most difficult and most discouraging.
School nursing is a specialty, and like all special work requires special
qualifications, training and preparation. In many of the Eastern cities
courses in school nursing are given in connection with the schools, and all
nurses intending to take up school work are required to take this course,
which usually lasts one month, and at the end of this time a certificate is
given. This had not been considered in connection with our work until
last September, when a nurse, interested in the work and hoping to take
it up, applied to us to give her a course. She was with us for one month
and had she been remaining on the staff would have been capable of taking
.charge of a group of schools without further loss of time. This experiment proved to us how very satisfactory it would be to have nurses come
to us familiar with the aims and objects of the school work, with an insight into the methods and a general knowledge of school nursing. We
would suggest that in the future the necessary qualifications for positions
on our nursing staff include such a course, taken either here or in some other
city.
In conclusion, may I quote from the British Journal of Nursing:—
"The school nurse has come to stay. If school nursing is to be the force
for good in the development of a higher standard of hygiene in the schools
and in the lives of the children, which it is confidently hoped that it will
be, then the nurses engaged in this important work must be picked women,
skilled and experienced as nurses, tactful and broad-minded, as all pioneers
in a new branch of work must be if they are to break down prejudices and
overcome obstacles always met with in the path of progress. There are
exceptional opportunities of usefulness before the school nurse, and the
standard of national health may be raised through her agency."
Respectfully submitted,
(Signed)    ELIZABETH G. BREEZE,
Head Nurse. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
65
FIGURES  RE  MEDICAL  INSPECTION  FOR  THE  YEAR
ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1911.
Number of Schools     25
Number of Pupils Enrolled     11,385
Number of School Visits     651
Number of Pupils Inspected    47,260
Number of Physical Examinations     6,879
Skin :
Alopecia Areata     3
Eczema     6
Impetigo      18
Pediculosis     990
Ringworm      51
Scabies   (Itch)      62
Unclean     120
Pulmonary Diseases     67
Circulatory Diseases:
Anaemia  780
Heart Affections     94
Glandular Diseases:
Enlarged and Palpable Cervical Glands  3,148
Enlarged Thyroid     142
Enlarged Tonsils and Adenoids  1,822
Tonsillitis      29
Deformities :
Spine  7
Miscellaneous     59
Eye Trouble     952
Ear Trouble    297
Defective Teeth  3,615
Vaccinations     296
Mentally Defective  40
Number of Pupils Excluded     753
Number of Pupils Readmitted  846
Number of Notices re Physical Defects  5,451
Number of Home Visits     905
Number of Examinations at Office  2,202 66
BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
REPORTED CASES  OF CONTAGIOUS DISEASES FOR
THE  CITY OF VANCOUVER   FOR THE YEAR
ENDING DECEMBER 31st, 1911.
a
a>
X
o
Pi
>
g
tf
01
a>
02
03
3
1 o
a>
a
o
02
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cc
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a
CP
3
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02
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January ..
February .
March   ....
April   	
May   	
June   	
July   	
August
September
October   ...
November  .
December   .
Total   .
• | 49
No. School Age.
Total Deaths   ...
I    5
1910 Cases
Deaths
16
1909 Cases
Deaths
1908 Cases
Deaths ....
10
29
2 1
10
43
8
68
4
43
28
18
.14
39
45
71
38
34
35
39
10
5
23
7
7
15
9
43
19
7
49
8
18
94
9
12
-—
489 |358 1166 |153
"I 1 1-
158 1151 107 I 41
4  12 I 2  19
193 1790 1168 I 13 | 57
1    2 |    3 |....|    3
418 [168 |138 I 49
...'. 10 | 1 I 3
I;
85 |265
1     27
 1-
142
164 1327 | 51
 |    3  J    1
150 I 93
j 1"
1250
4
174
N. B.—Many cases not reported. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
67
REPORT   OF   NIGHT  SCHOOLS
1911-1912.
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Head Piece—Designed by W. Johnson.
W. P. Argue, Esq.,
City Superintendent.
Dear Sir:
I have much pleasure in forwarding my report of the Night School
work for  1911.
In  October  we  organized  classes   in   eleven  centres,   and   engaged
forty-nine instructors.
The   enrolment  of students numbered  1397,  but by the end of the
month they had risen to  1468.
Our Syllabus embraces the following subjects:
English—Elementary and Advanced.
English—For Foreigners.
Arithmetic—Elementary and Advanced.
Bookkeeping—Elementary and Advanced.
Geometry and    Mensuration    (Workshop
Arithmetic).
Mathematics—Elementary and Advanced.
Shorthand.
French.
German.
Latin.
Carpentry and Joinery (first and second year).
Building Construction.
Architecture.
Estimating   (Quantity Surveying).
J. Kyle, a.r.c.a. 68
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Cookery Class.
Oakpentry and Joinery Class BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Sheet Metal Working.
Blowpipe Analysis  (for Prospectors).
Engineering  (Marine and Stationary).
Navigation.
Naval Architecture and Boat Building.
Electricity.
Forestry.
Chemistry.
Drawing and Design.
Wood Carving.
Metal Repousee.
Modelling.
Embroidery.
Dressmak'ng.
Millinery.
Cooking.
Music,  Choral and Instrumental.
Physical Culture.
The equipment for these classes is gradually being made more complete, and if employers of labour, officials of Trade Unions, and others
interested in the efficiency of workmen, would investigate the work done,
I feel sure we would double the attendance at our classes next winter.
We owe a great deal to many men on our staff, men whose time is
very valuable, for the unselfish manner in which they bring their practical knowledge of business to the class-room. It is only in this way that
we can hope to keep the theoretical studies closely associated to the actual
work done in the workshops and factories.
The course of study in English, Arithmetic, Mathematics, French,
German and Latin, is such as will assist students to pass the Matriculation Examination for McGill University. The Instructors—Mr. Anstey
is a B. A. of London University, Mr. Palmer is a B. A. of Oxford,
Mr. Lester a B. A. of Oxford, and Fraulein Schnelle, who teaches French
and German, is from Berlin, and a graduate of the Sorbonne in Paris.
They are all experienced teachers.
There was a dearth of pupils desirous of studying for the Civil
Service examinations, but no doubt when the classes become better known,
more people will take advantage of this opportunity.
Workshop Arithmetic is a most important preparatory class for
all who wish to undertake serious work and have power to estimate
and draw up contracts in the Building Trades.
u_ 70
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
CARPENTRY AND Joinery embraces lessons in the use of the Steel 1
Square; in the setting out of roof timbers, doors and window frames, 1
stairs, etc., and the exercises are worked out in wood to scale. Next term 1
Mr. Parker will take up the subject of Structural Steel Construction, with 1
the Advanced Class. It would be advisable next winter to start a class 1
in Manual Training which would be more advanced than the course in
the Day School, and lead to the Carpentry and Joinery, Building Construction  and other classes.
The Building Construction course treats of Brickwork and 1
Masonry, Carpentry, Roof Covering, Plumbing, etc. Canadian methods 1
of construction are fully considered.
In Architectural  Drawing and Design  the work begins J
with the making of Plans, Elevations and Perspectives of buildings constructed in Timber, Stone and Brick.
Next winter we may see an advanced class studying the various styles 1
of Architecture, Classic, Gothic and Renaissance. Before students enter 1
for this subject they ought to know something about the construction of
a building, in fact should have passed through the Building Construction I
Class or that of Carpentry and Joinery. In a few years it might be well 1
to make this compulsory.
The Work in Estimating or Quantity Surveying consists
of taking quantities off the plans, squaring dimensions and reducing same.  J
The Instructor, Mr. Harvey, deals with everything that is required to be 1
done by a Contractor.
The students wishing to join this class should be able to read plans,
in fact should have taken a course in Building Construction, Carpentry and |
Joinery or Architecture.
Drawing and Design is being successfully taught this winter, and -j
our Life Class has been an inducement to many to continue their studies.
This is a splendid opportunity for lithographers and illustrators of all kinds
to strengthen themselves in their work. Next winter it is intended to
make the study of design of still greater importance, and to bring the
Wood-carving, Metal Working and Embroidery Classes more closely in
conjunction with the Drawing Class.
MODELLING is, as usual, taught in an excellent way by Mr. Marega,
and the modellers attend the Drawing Class regularly. The endeavour
to have the Dressmakers and Milliners attend the Art Class for lessons in
Colour Harmonies and Costume Designing is a failure.
Something should be done in order to have an intermediate sewing
class doing more advanced work than that done in the Day School, yet
not so advanced as the Night School work. These pupils would be more
likely to take advantage of the Designing Course. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
71
The Dressmaking, Millinery and Cooking Classes are
all doing excellent work and are well attended! The attempt to have a
Cooking Class for men alone was unsuccessful.
The Subject of Music called forth a great many pupils, and
has been wonderfully successful. The Chorus have formed themselves
into an association called "The Vancouver Musical Society," and under
Book Cover, Designed by Max. A. Timms—Evening Class.
the leadership of Mr.  Hicks they purpose giving a concert in the Opera
House during the Spring.
A Preparatory Class meets every week and proficient students are
passed on to the Choral Class. 72
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
The Orchestra is quite a feature and speaks volumes for the future of
Music in our City.
Navigation and Naval Architecture was introduced into
our Curriculum for the first time this winter, and we have every reason to
be pleased with the result. Capt. A. P. Williamson, F.R.G.S., is a certified Science Master, Honors Certificate in Navigation and Nautical
Astronomy, as well as a capable seaman with an Extra Master's Certificate.
This class has been established to provide a thorough training for
all who wish to qualify for Master's, Mate's or Engineer's Certificates.
The department is equipped with the latest instruments, including Beall's
Compass Deviascope, Board of Trade Barometer, Station Pointer, Terrestrial Globe, Sextants, and Quadrants, Planispheres and Star Maps.
All the models and lights necessary for illustrating the Rule-of-the-Road
at sea. Working models for taking lower-masts in and out, sending masts
and yards up and down and rigging out a jibboom, etc. A special course
for Yachtsmen is also given.
Naval Architecture deals with the general construction of a
ship, and some of the principal calculations such as finding areas, volumes,
displacement, stability, etc.
Day classes for above subjects are also held in order that those going
up for examination may give all their time to their studies.
SHORTHAND is well taught and the class keeps a high average
attendance.
Our five classes in Elementary Book-keeping does thoroughly useful
work. In the Central School one class meets four nights each week, and
the students are enthusiastically working as far into the subject as they
can. There is also an Advanced Class this winter, which is doing well.
Mr. Welch is the Instructor in both these classes, and like Mr. Black, the
Instructor in Shorthand, is a Certificated Teacher of Commercial subjects.
Blowpipe Analysis is a subject which appeals to prospectors.
The course which is preparatory to a thorough study of Wet and Fire
Assaying, deals with commonly occurring minerals, simple field tests and
chemistry.
In a province like British Columbia, this subject should be more
popular. Before next session we shall doubtless have all the equipment
fixed for assaying.
The FORESTRY CLASS had to be discontinued owing to Dr. Judson
Clark having to leave the City on business. We were unable to enlist the
services of another expert, but hope that arrangements may be made before
next autumn whereby the work may be resumed as formerly.
The class in Economics and Citizenship met the same fate.
So few people enrolled that it was thought advisable not to begin the lectures at all. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
73
Drawing Class.
Drawn by E. Lopateckl—Life Class. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
The Engineering Course is extended to three years and is
especially drawn up to assist those men who are learning to be Machinists,
Patternmakers and Draughtsmen, Marine and Stationary Engineers; for
those requiring knowledge of machine construction and design or who wish
to be able to read a mechanical drawing correctly.
First Year Course, Open to Anyone—Drawing, Simple Geometrical
Problems, Simple Parts of Machinery, etc.
Drawn by D. McKinnon—Evening Life Class.
Mathematics.—Estimating the Weights of Casting, Bars, Pipes,
Shafting, etc. Pulley Sizes for Various Speeds, Rate of Flow of Liquids
in Pipes, Strength of Riveted Joints, etc.
Second Year Course.—Open to previous first year men and others
qualified. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
75
Drawing.—Design of Bearings, Valves, Steam Engine Parts, Spur
and Bevel Gearing, Boilers, etc.
Mathematics.—Strength of Machine Parts, Beams and Columns,
Gear Teeth, etc., Calculations of Leverage, Compound Pulleys, Power
Transmission, etc.
Third Year Course.—Open to second year men.
The History of the Steam Engine and How It Works, Designing
the Valve and Valve Gear, Connecting Rods, Crankshaft, etc., with Calculations of Sizes.
A study of Simple and Compound Engines, Indicator Diagrams,
Calculating Sizes of Engines for Required Horse-powers, and Required
Size of Boiler for a Given Engine. The Principle of the Compound
Engine, with Examples of Designs of Various Engine Parts. Air and
Feed Pumps.    Condensers.
Mr. Edward Grant, M.E., is in charge of these classes and the
Instructors are all highly efficient Engineers and have professional standing in the City.
To those Engineers who wish to study for the Boiler Inspector's
examination, there is a special class. The work is extended to embrace
the study of Physics, Mechanics, Light and Heat, Electricity, etc.
Day Classes are arranged for those who wish to give all their time
to study in preparation for this examination.
Sheet Metal Working. The work of this class consists of
Practical Pattern Problems divided into five groups. Groups one, two
and three, sub-divided into three sections, i.e., Parallel Development,
Radial Development and Development by Triangulation. Groups four
and five sub-divided into two sections, i.e., Parallel Development and
Radial Development.
Practical Pattern Problems:
Group 1.—Tin and Sheet Iron Ware Patterns.
Group 2.—Patterns for Pipe and Furnace Work.
Group 3.—Patterns  for Articles in  Heavy Sheet Metal.
Group 4.—Patterns in Cornice Work.
Group 5.—Patterns for Sky Lights.
The class under Mr. Jamieson has been very successful and next
session it would be advisable to have a workshop fitted up so that students
may work out the problems in the actual metal, just as the carpenters do
with the wood. 76
BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
One of the most successful of our classes is that in Electricity, taught
by Mr. J. Geo. Lister. We cannot overestimate the kindness of the B. C.
Electric Railway Co. for allowing us the use of their lecture room with
all the splendid accessories for the working of experiments. The regular
attendance of the men testifies to their appreciation of the work done.
Physical Culture is taught in King Edward High School to
school teachers.    Mr., Bundy is doing a good work.
At the close of the session, examinations will be held when prizes
and certificates will be awarded to the successful students.
Respectfully yours,
JOHN KYLE,
Director of Night Schools. board of school trustees
/ /
SALARY SCHEDULE
1st yr.
$60
2nd yr.
$65
3rd yr.
$70
Grade Teachers.
4th yr.      5th yr,
$75 $80
6th yr
$85
January, 1912.
7th and
Succeeding yrs.
$90
Senior Grade Teachers.
(Maximum $100.)
Teachers having had two years' successful experience in graded
schools, minimum salary, $65.
Salaries of substitutes to be paid in cases of illness of teachers up to
20 teaching days in the year, subject to Medical Certificate from doctor
in attendance or School Medical Health Office.
Vice-Principal.
1st yr.
$110
1st yr.
$140
1st yr.
$150
1st yr
$130
1st yr.
$110
1st yr.
$100
2nd yr.
$120
3rd yr.
$130
4th and succeeding yrs.
$140
2nd yr.
$150
Principal—Small School.
3rd yr. 4th yr. 5th and succeeding yrs
$160 $170
Principal—Large School.
$180
2nd yr.
$160
2nd yr.
$140
2nd yr.
$120
2nd yr
$110
3rd yr.
$170
4th yr.
$180
5th yr.
$190
6th yr.
$200
High School—Male Teachers.
3rd yr.
$150
4th yr.
$160
5th yr.
$170
6th yr
$180
High School—Female Teachers.
3rd yr.       4th yr.      5th yr.      6th yr.
$130 $140 $150 $160
Manual Training Instructors.
3rd yr.
$120
4th yr.
$130
5th yr.
$140
7th and
Succeeding yrs.
$210
7th and
Succeeding yrs.
$190
7th and
Succeeding yrs.
$170
6th and
Succeeding yrs.
$150
Domestic Science Instructor.
6th and
Succeeding yrs.
$100
1st yr.       2nd yr. 3rd yr.        4th yr. 5th yr.
$70 $80 $85 $90 $95
Schedule based on twelve monthly payments each year.
No schedule increase to go into effect without the same being recommended by the City Superintendent.
The salary of any teacher may be fixed at a sum not indicated in the
schedule by special resolution of the Board. 78 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
REPORT OF BUILDING COMMITTEE
To the Board of School Trustees,
Vancouver, B. C.:
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen:
In dealing with this report, it will of necessity mean that you will be
obliged to have set before you an array of figures and facts, the greatest
expenditures that the Board have had to deal with since its inception. You
will remember the large amount of money that was set aside through the
passing of the by-law at the beginning of the year 191 1, viz., $967,000,
distributed as follows:
Buildings    $671,000.00
Land       175,000.00
Alteration   to   buildings      92,000.00
Walks and improvements to grounds      21,000.00
School Desks         8,000.00
These several amounts have been or will be expended, with the exception of $32,000.00 for new buildings in D. L. 264A, together with
a small balance put aside for the purchase of land.
Early in the year the Architect had plans and specifications prepared
for the several buildings projected. Tenders were called for through advertisements, while each contractor was obliged to send in a certified cheque
together with a surety bond before tenders were accepted. Contracts were
invariably let to the. lowest tenderer. The following clauses were ordered
by the Board to be inserted in every contract:
LABOR CLAUSE.—"The contractor or sub-contractor will pay or
cause to be paid any workman,  mechanic,  artisan  or  laborer employed
by under or in connection with this contract, a rate of wages not
less than the union rate, which rate shall be accepted as the minimum current rate in the City of Vancouver for competent workmen, artisans or
mechanics, when employed in similar work to that hereby contracted, to be
performed and carried out."
"That no sub-contractor will be recognized by the Board unless approved by the Architect and Building Superintendent, and no substitute
of material of any kind will be allowed without the same being approved
by the Architect and the Building Superintendent, and that a clause to
the above effect be inserted in all school contracts."
"That a clause be inserted in all future general contracts to the
effect that no contracts will be awarded to other than British subjects."
"That when any contract is commenced, a communication be sent to
the Secretary, stating the time of commencement of said contract."
The first school building contract awarded was that of a twelve-
room addition to the Lord Nelson School. Mr. D. Matheson received the
contract at $73,300.00. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Baines & Horie were the lowest tenderers for an eight-room building
in Block 28, Victoria and Twelfth Avenue, Mount Pleasant, for the sum
of $58,740.00.
There were four tenderers for the new building in Kitsilano, Sixth
Avenue and Bayswater Street, viz.:
J. H. Vickers $55,850.00
D.   Matheson       55,273.00
J. Watson Bros    50,902.00
Baynes & Horie    56,804.00
Messrs. J. Watson Bros, secured the contract.
The addition of eight rooms to the Tennyson School, together with
an auditorium (which will seat 600) was awarded to La Placa Bros, for
the sum of $79,400.00. The following contractors put in figures for
this work, viz.:
Baynes & Horie    $  88,000.00
W.  Fischy         96,570.00
D.  Matheson         80,560.00
Armstrong & Morrison    100,350.00
La Placa Bros      79,400.00
The tender of D. Matheson, for the sum of $123,799.00, was accepted for the erection and completion of an addition at the Britannia High
School in Grandview, situated at Parker Street and Cotton Drive.
An eight-roomed building was also erected on Block 1 96, Kitsilano,
corner of York and Cypress Streets, at a cost of $48,847.00. Messrs.
Booker, Campbell & Whipple were the lowest tenderers, and received the
contract.
The last large contract to receive attention was the addition to the
King Edward High School. There were several tenderers for this work.
Messrs. Norton Griffith Co. secured the contract at and for the sum of
$125,665.00.
Tenders for heating the following new buildings were received and
awarded as follows, viz.:
IV. Ramsay—
Nelson     $     5,500.00
Twelfth and Victoria         3,850.00
Cypress and Cornwall         3,900.00
Sixth and Bayswater     3,763.00
$   17,013.00
Vancouver Vacuum Heating Co.—
Nelson    $ 8,255.00
Twelfth and Victoria  3,570.00
Cypress and Cornwall  3,750.00
Sixth and Bayswater  3,770.00
$ 19,345.00 80 BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
John R. Tacey—
Nelson   $ 5,293.00
Twelfth and Victoria  2;969.00
Cypress and Cornwall  2,969.00
Sixth and Bayswater  2,969.00
$  14,200.00
Tender of Jno. R. Tacey accepted, being the lowest.
Tenders were called for alterations to lavatories, King Edward High
School, and contract was awarded to D. Matheson for $12,534.00.
During the summer holidays several buildings were kalsomined, viz.,
Seymour, Mount Pleasant, Strathcona, King Edward High School, Roberts, Kitsilano, Central and Fairview, at a cost of $2,349.00.
The Central, Dawson, Simon Fraser, Tennyson, Cecil Rhodes, Alexandra, School Board Offices, were painted at a cost of $1,386.00.
Cement sidewalks were placed around the several schools, as follows:
Model, Roberts, Grandview, Alexandra, Simon Fraser, Macdonald, Kitsilano, and Seymour, at a cost of $9,31 3.83.
Retaining walls were built at the south-west corner of Cecil Rhodes
School, and at School Board Offices, at a cost of $875.00.
The Canadian Office and School Furniture Co. were awarded the
tender for supplying school desks for the year.
The Bangor Slate Co. were awarded the contract for supplying one
carload of slate blackboards. Several other contracts were awarded,
which will be included in the general summary.
On June 1 6th, Mr. Waddington received the appointment as Heating and Ventilating Engineer. This appointment was imperative in view
of the fact that an altogether new system of heating was being installed in
the new school buildings.
The schedule as prepared at the beginning of the year for the salaries
of Janitors was as follows:
Eight rooms $75.00
Extra rooms      3.50
Outside rooms      4.50
The appointment of the Supervising Janitor has proven satisfactory.
A statement is presented monthly to your Committee, and every detail is
carefully considered.
The grounds have been improved, according to plans submitted by
the Architect, the unsightly wood-piles have been removed, green spots are
in evidence, loose paper and debris are gathered up daily; over 1,000
trees have been planted, as per contract awarded to Mr. Geo. Wold;
several tennis courts have been placed, together with other paraphernalia *R4
BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES 81
for the enjoyment of the children, and altogether it has betn the endeavor
of your Committee to have the grounds and buildings put in as presentable
a shape as possible.
It has been unfortunate that so many of the blocks are now on the
street car lines; this was not foreseen when blocks were purchased, otherwise it might have been avoided.
In a great many cases your Board have allowed strips to be taken
from blocks for the purpose of widening streets. In some cases this will
work a hardship. We believe if school properties were invested in the
School Board, instead of the City, it would be in the interests of the
public.
A large number of fine pictures were ordered to be framed, and now
adorn the walls of the several school buildings.
Early in the year the Government was asked to allot moneys and
lands for the carrying out of the school interests in Hastings Townsite and
D. L.  301.    After several conferences with the Department of Educa-.
tion, it was agreed to deed to the city the following properties:
Hastings Townsite—
Block 39, Land    $  50,000.00
Buildings           8,000.00
Block 44     25,000.00
Beaconsfield,  Land            6,500.00
Buildings     500.00
 $ 90,000.00
D. L. 301 —
Percival and 20th, Land and Buildings.$  20,000.00
Cash      40,000.00
 -$ 60,000.00
$150,000.00
In addition to the grants, we have erected two temporary buildings
in Hastings Townsite, one on the property (which has been leased to the
City for school purposes) of the Children's Home; and the other at
Beaconsfield on the Strathcona Road. Hastings Townsite is now well
provided for buildings, but it will be advisable to commence construction
of new and permanent buildings in both these districts, directly the by-law
carries.
During the year properties were purchased by the full Board to the
extent of $130,400.00, divided as follows:
Block 128, D. L. 264A $ 52,000.00
Block 233, Lots 1, 2, 3, 4, D. L. 192      12,500.00
Block  106, D. L. 540      27,400.00
Block 38, Lots 1 to 10, D. L. 540      38,500.00
$130,400.00 BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
In connection with our system we now have fifty-nine buildings,
divided as follows:
Main buildings     26
Temporary buildings     •• 17
Manual Training centres     6
Domestic Science   	
Central offices     1
Janitors' residences  8
Total _j>9
The school properties now in possesion of the City are a valuable
asset. I have pleasure in submitting the following, being a conservative
estimate of the value of the twenty-five blocks, as acquired. The first
nine blocks named are given in as estimated in 1 903—the balance was
as nearly as possible the prices paid when purchased; $453,895 is considerably over what the property actually cost.
Land.                                           Values. Estimate.     Present Value.
^Roberts $ 13,500.00   $   140,000.00
* Aberdeen     6,000.00 45,000.00
*Dawson     27,000.00 190,000.00
^Central      32,000.00 750,000.00
^Strathcona     26,000.00 150,000.00
*Seymour  8,350.00 1 70,000.00
*Mount Pleasant     19,250.00 200,000.00
*King Edward High School  19,000.00 150,000.00
*Fairview     18,200.00 250,000.00
Kitsilano    in   1904 cost 5,000.00 90,000.00
Grandview     in   1905   cost 4,000.00 85,000.00
Macdonald    in   1905   cost 7,000.00 100,000.00
Model    in  1904 cost      5,825.00 65,000.00
Bayswater    in 1904 cost 2,500.00 60,000.00
Alexandra    in 1906 cost 13,000.00 70,000.00
Simon  Fraser    in 1908 cost 18,000.00 120,000.00
Nelson    in 1908 cost 10,000.00 40,000.00
Broadway    in 1908 cost 9,600.00 40,000.00
Britannia    in 1909 cost 22,500.00 50,000.00
Cecil Rhodes   in 1909 cost 25,000.00 65,000.00
Tennyson    in 1909 cost 18,000.00 50,000.00
York and Cypress in 1910 cost 25,000.00 50,000.00
Mount Pleasant in 1911 cost 52,000.00 52,000.00
Blk. 106, D. L. 540 in 1911 cost 27,400.00 27,500.00
Blk. 38, Lots 1 to 10,
D. L. 540 in 1911 cost 38,500.00 38,500.00
$453,895.00   $3,048,000.00
* Estimated valuation in 1 903. BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES 83
The estimated valuation of all school properties is given as follows:
Buildings estimated,  1910    $    956,656.00
Contracts let during 1911  776,698.00
Hastings,  buildings    $9,500.00
D. L. 301, buildings    1,500.00
  11,000.00
Equipment, Furniture, etc  1 00,000.00
Land, estimated valuation     3,048,000.00
Total   $ 4,892,354.00
The following are the amounts to be included in the new by-law
for 1912:
Addition to Cecil Rhodes $ 78,000.00
Mount Pleasant  75,000.00
D. L. 301     65,000.00
D. L. 301     25,000.00
Hastings Townsite     65,000.00
Hastings Townsite, Blk. 44  5,500.00
Hastings Townsite  5,500.00
Dawson       150,000.00
Central Office  . 25,000.00
Oil  Plant     10,000.00
1  Walks  7,500.00
Janitors      9,000.00
Plaster   Flooring  5,000.00
Desks     10,000.00
Manual and Domestic Science     20,000.00
$591,500.00
Land       185,000.00
$776,500.00
In connection with the buildings that have been completed, together
with those in course of construction, we would like to state that they are
at once the best constructed, most imposing, and durable of any buildings
of a similar class on the Pacific Coast. The Architect has shown marked
ability in completing the plans, while the smallest detail has not escaped
his notice. Great care has been taken as to supervision; in special cases
Clerks of the Works have been appointed. The Building Superintendent,
Architect, and the Heating Engineer have been continuously on the works.
There was of necessity some delay in having the buildings completed
on time; the main trouble seemed to be on account of the strike that took
place during the summer.
._ 84 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
It is of the utmost importance that the plans for new structures for j
the coming year be in the hands of the Board not later than February .
next, so that contractors can go ahead with the work at an early date.
A good start has been made towards beautifying the grounds, but I
this work should be continued,  and no pains should be spared towards
making the playgrounds as attractive as possible.
The grounds and buildings of the Strathcona School should receive
early attention at the hands of the Board. It is necessary that the grounds
should be levelled, the main building properly protected with a good under-
wall and completed with a proper basement, and trees should be planted
around the grounds.
The constructing of a High School in the southern part of Kitsilano,
on the corner of Trafalgar and Tenth Avenue (on the property now included in the by-law), should not be lost sight of. This building will be
required during the next year or so.
It is of the utmost importance that a Technical School should be
built during 1913. Our night classes are now becoming so popular, but
are handicapped because of not having some central place in which to
meet, with a properly equipped building.
We would suggest that steps be taken to have a by-law placed before
the electors at the next general election for such a building, to be placed
on the Central School grounds. This building could be used for many
purposes, both for day and night classes.
We recommend that the schedule for Janitors' Salaries be taken up
by the new Board, as per letter now in the hands of the Secretary, and
be favorably considered by the new Board.
It is needless to state that without the untiring efforts of competent
officials, this report could not have been given. It has been a strenuous
year, and our staff have lived up to the good name of previous years.
Respectfully submitted,
W.  E. FLUMERFELT,
Chairman of Building and Grounds Committee.
WARDt>lBt(.»\ BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
85
Hr'^^M     1
Wm vy/
Trophies Won by Cadet Corps. BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
TOTAL   EXPENDf
Schools, etc.
Teachers
Salaries
Janitors'
Salaries
Miscellaneous
Fuel
Water
Repairs 1
High School
$54,018.00
$1,895.00
$163.80
$1,232.49
$ 96.00
$1,561.18 W%
Central
16,936.00
1,080.00
60.45
862.75
100.80
1,249. 7   I
Dawson
15.027.50
1,080.00
48.20
508.23
48.00
591.46 '
Strathcona -
17,679.15
1,245.00
63.85
490.23
67.20
1,226.621 ■
Mount Pleasant
22,233.50
1,740.00
63.35
' 76.76
67.20
989.4111
Fairview
15,200.65
1,185.00
15.70
219.80
60 00
922.99
Seymour
17,188.00
1,055.00
34.30
722.87
72,00
1,256.471!
Model -
15,702.00
1,105.00
43.40
730.50
67.20
555.86   H
Kitsilano    -
14.283.50
965.00
235.20
371.76
24.00
73Mll|
Grandview -
11,625.00
945.00
80.25
406.91
48.00
433.7211
Macdonald -
9.407.00
900.00
25.05
265.48
24.00
336.9911
Aberdeen   -
-     9.265.00
900.00
56-20
300.57
48.00
444.75
Simon Fraser
12,464.00
1,051.00
55-10
921.53
48.00
1,095.88111
Alexandra -
11,272.25
740.00
40.75
707.40
60.00
1.202.30
Britannia   -
11.107.50
950.00
19.70
414.57
66.00
428.8611
Lord Roberts
15,914.00
945.00
86.69
1,085.44
105.60
1,216.80
Lord Tennyson
8,659.25
860.00
12.00
556.48
33.60
472.43
Lorn Nelson
3,174.50
575.00
10.00
295.51
33.60
152.6011
Cecil Rhodes
3,238.50
860.00
10 25
358.25
48.00
791.20
North Hastings
J,945.00
360.00
10.00
97.50
40.80
1,263.18 ill
Beaconsfield
728.00
116.00
10.00
22.50
1,124.64   I
Children's Aid
700.00
843.37
Office   ....
940.00
385.08
$287,768.30
$21,492.00  "
$1,144.24
$11,832.61
$1,158.00
$18,985.29 tf BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
87
[THE YEAR   1911.
School
Supplies
Electric
Light and
Power
Gas
Express-
age
Domestic
Science
Manual jj
Training
Play
Grounds
Totals
1
$1,456.54
$405.63
$210.90
$44.05
$108.22
$641.19
$128.34
$62,125.14
949.03
164.06
30.95
33.45
27.35
35.58
21,680.38
1,090.40
.    134.46
46.10
53.45
172.54
66.08
18,966.27
939.34
17.10
57.80
40.34
55.20
164.35
88.60
22,209.78
1,076.24
361.75
39.19
50.40
230.55
65.56
27,922.61
718.09
97.57
25.95
39.R5
74.18
73.90
18,691.48
797.23
229.53
66.65
26.68
282.50
144.36
61.00
22,029.24
876.74
176.48
93.45
33.60
310.68
21.90
13.95
19,772.76
700.58
134.73
14.30
20.35
51.70
80.95
17.648.48
607.11
192.80
7.70
33.60
23.35
88.50
14,865.44
597.33
60.15
24.33
36 15
49.20
11,749.68
569.11
182.29
44.35
32.60
334.01
12 183.38
i     1,018.60
174.62
32.15
5125
121.13
150.90
89.68
17,303.84
816 52
173.31
3.25
71.65
269.63
212.56
35.55
15,759.57
865.54
82.38
8.55
19.75
36.55
315 09
75.83
14.469.52
925.20
154.42
28.00
35.65
287.50
227.28
99.00
21,144.58
725.29
47.58
85.50
35.60
11,506.73
623.90
42.25
52.50
23.70
5,024.26
967.48
20.71
53.85
1.00
41.55
6,481.99
197.50
21.75
19.60
3,986.43
156.33
31.50
2.188.97
117.81
85,38
19.25
in 50
1.671.68
1.561.96
$16,791.91
$2,937.20
$617.30
$834.14
$2091.47
$2354.90
$1172.17
$370,944.17
Management Salaries
School Desks
Niaht Classes
Car Fares
Telephone
Contingent
Doctor's Department
Cadet Corps   -||||;   -
Permanent Improvements BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
SCHEDULE   "J,"
SUPPLEMENTARY
ACCOUNT,   1911.
TO   REVENUE
SCHOOL TRUSTEES.
Expenditure  on   Revenue  Account   for   the  year   ended   December
31st, 1911:
Salaries—
Superintendent and Assistants $ 5,110.18
Secretary and Assistants  4,060.20
Teachers      287,583.30
Caretakers      21,492.00
Other salaries  6,5 1 5.00
Solicitor      519.50
 $325,280.18
Maintenance—
High School   $ 6,032.64
Central     3,703.68
Dawson     3,218.72
Strathcona  3,073.30
Mount Pleasant  3,823.79
Fairview      2,201.34
Roberts  4,656.63
Seymour     3,776.74
Model  2,948.53
Kitsilano     2,076.00
Grandview     2,318.94
McDonald     1,399.31
Aberdeen     1,932.44
Simon Fraser  3,479.29
Alexandra, Clark Drive  3,874.07
East High, Britannia  2,361.38
Lord Tennyson     2,016.89
Lord Nelson     1,332.32
Cecil Rhodes  2,493.71
D. L. 301  269.09
North Hastings  1,636.78
South  Hastings     1,354.97
Carried   forward  59,980.56 BOARD OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES 89
Brought   forward „. .   $59,980.56
Children's Home  971.68
 $ 60,952.24
Telephone Exchange    $        985.55
Car Fares     433.45
Manual     Training    and    Domestic     Science
Equipments     495.96
Cadet Corps     971.53
Rents     265.00
Medical Department     845.63
Contingent          10,606.28
 $   14,603.40
Night Classes          7,283.28
$408,1 1 9.10
Interest  and  Sinking  Fund      84,526.98
Total expended,  191 1 $492,649.08
Deduct amount chargeable to Unexpended Balance brought
forward   from   1910       10,715.09
Total expenditure chargeable to 191 1   revenue $481,930.99
Unexpended Balance of 191 1 appropriations carried forward
as per new Schools Act         2,1 33.21
$484,064^
G. F. BALDWIN, W. D. BRYDONE-JACK,
City Comptroller. Chairman.
JOHN KENDALL, C. W. MURRAY,
City Auditor. Secretary. 90 BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
LIST OF TEACHERS
With Grade of Certificate and Date of Appointment.
NAME                                             CERTIFICATE                 DATE OF APPOINTMENT
Alexander. Irene B 2nd , . .January,  1909
• August,  1908.
Anstie,  J.   K 1st August, 1906
Ani^tey,   Arthur B. A August, 1910
Bowen, Winnifred 2nd August,  1910
-Baynes,  Caroline    2nd August,  1908
Bentley,    Nora B. A August, 1910-1
Boyes, D. A 1st  August, 1911
Bell, E. B B. A August, 1909
Bethune,   Kate 2nd September,  1906
Brunton,   Lulu 2nd August,  1908
Bulyea,    Loua B. A October, 1910
Bambrick,    Charlotta 1st January.  1909-
Beckman,   Elta   M Academic August, 1911 I
Beatty,  Alzie 0 2nd August, 1911
Bryant, Ethel 2nd..   1908-1910-1911
Burpee,   Leila 1st January,  1904
Baker,  F.   Edna B. A January,  1906-
Bigney,   Anna   L 1st August,  1909
Burpee,   Ethel   L. .  1st January,  1903
Blair.   Elize     1st August, 1911
Bridgeman,   May   L B. A August, 1911
Bawtinheimer, Lucy 1st August,  1909
Beath,   James 2nd February,  1903-
Bolton, Isabel 2nd July,   1911
Balkwill, Alice 2nd August,  1911
Bowles, Allan B   A January, 1909-
Brough,  Thos B. A August, 1911
Cox, Bertha 1st January,   1910
Currie,  K.  B 1st April,  1910-
Chadwick,   Clara 1st August,  1908
Crandall,  I.   M B. A  : January,  1911
Chute, C. C 1st August,  1908
Cook,   Eva 1st January,  1910'
Creelman,   Amelia B. A August, 1910'
Creech,    Winnifred 2nd April,  1902
Clark,    Angus 1st August,  1902'
Clark, Evelyn 2nd September,  1907
Code,   L.   B B. A August, 1910-
Clements,   Mary 1st '. August,  190r
Coulter, Jennie B. A August, 1911
Crake,   E 2nd August,  ''
Campbell Jessie 1st October,
Colbeck,  Mrs. A. J 2nd March,   190O
Cowan, Susie I 2nd August,  1908
Cantelon.  Jean  M 1st. November,   1907
Currie,   B'anche 1st January,  1911
Cox,   Nellie 1st August, 1910'
Cairns,   Louise 1st August,  1911
Cronkhite,   A.   M B. A October, 19H
Coombs,   Mrs.   F.   A B. A January,  1909
Colter,   Annie B. A August, 1911
Carter,   Hilda 2nd August, 1903
Clark, Margaret 2nd. August,  1910'
Cattell, Margaret 2nd January, 1911
Caspell,   E. 1st August, 1899
Cowan,   Mabel E 2nd August,   1911
Coldwell,   Ross   F B.  A November,  1910
Cairns, Kate 2nd January, 1910'
Cattell,   Dorothy 1st January,  1904
Cowperthwaite,  F. N B. A     1890-1897-1902
Cole, Josephine A 1st August, 1911
Campbell,   Donald B. A August, 1908
Cameron,  Alice B   A August, 1909
Crombie, I. M B. A August, 1""
, 1909
, 1911
, 1909'
, 1902
1900-
j BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
91
NAME
Dixon,
CERTIFICATE
DATE OF APPOINTMENT
Margaret B. A September,
Dauphinee, A J 1st j January,
DeBury,   Madeline  V B. A October,
Davidson, Augusta J 2nd February,
Dewis, Martha B. A August,
Denton, V. L B. A August,
Debou, Ida M B. A February,
Davidson, Lucretia 1st August,
Dickey, Alberta F Academic January,
Dole,   H.   P M. A January,
Dyke, Kathleen 2nd August,
Dobson,  F.  H B. A August,
David 5on,   Jessie 1st September,
Davidson, Helen P 2nd August,
Davy,   R.   N B.  A October,
DeLong, John B B. A August,
Dunning, J. T B. A August,
Davidson, J. G B. A September,
Dutcher,   H.  K B. A September,
Eldridge, Dorothy C 2nd January,
Elm-ley, Ada B .^ 1st November,
Everton,  S	
Evans, C. R 1st , November,
Evans,   Nellie 1st August,
Elliott. Margaret 2nd March,
Eastman,   Muriel 1st August,
Fletcher,  Eliz.  E 2nd August,
Frank, Pauline 1st August,
Frith,  L.  E    2nd January,
Flanagan,   Claire B.  A January,
Fisher,   Jessie  E 2nd January,
Frederickson,   Gertrude 2nd. . . ., January,
Fullerton, Florence 1st. . . .' August,
Fraser, H. C B. A September,
Feirheller,   Ina 2nd  October,
Frame, Emma M 2nd August,
Gourlie, Wm. G.
Grant, Fannie A.
Grant, Mabel	
Grant, D. A	
George, Eliz. L. .
Gower, G. ~
 B. A. August,
 2nd December,
 1st September,
 1st August,
 2nd August,
 M. A August,
Gillanders,  Hilda  C 1st March,
Granger, Constance 2nd January,
Greenway,   Libbie 1st October,
Grenfel', Mary E B. A August,
Gordon, C. J. M September,
Hornby, Dulcie 2nd January,
Harper,  Lulu  1st January,
Hemsworth, E. A 1st August,
Hewton,   Sara 2nd August,
Holloway, Mamie  2nd August,
Huggard, Mrs. A. E 1st January,
Hamilton,   Margaret 2nd August,
Hodgins, Lena B 3rd August,
Henderson,   Jas M. A January,
Hall,   J    K B. A August,
Hay,  Alice 2nd    1897-1907-
Henry,   J.   K B. A August,
Johnson, EMz.  M 2nd August,
Jamieson, G. W 1st August,
Jewett,   F.   A B. A August,
Jukes, Marion 1st March,
Johnston,   Bessie 1st March,
Jacks,  Gertrude 2nd August,
Jamieson, Anna B B.  A January,
King, H. B '. Academic January,
Kingston, Emily G 2nd August,
Kelly,   Minne  E 1st January,
Kerr,   Ruby 2nd May,
Kendall, Geo B.  Sc. . . . November,
911
910
911
900
911
908
908
910
907
910
907
907
910
911
906
911
906
907
907
908
900
907
907
908
911
893
911
911
909
907
907
911
907
898
908
911
907
910
910
908
904
906
909
911
902
911
910
893
907
890
909
911
891
909
907
904
909
910
910
907 92
BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES
NAME CERTIFICATE DATE OF APPOINTMENT
Lawrence, Frederick J 1st August, 1910
Lewis, Alice M 2nd August,  1905
LeFeuvre,  E 1st August,  1903
Loggie, Annie M 1st January,  1911
Laursen, Lili 1st August, 1905
Lindseth, Clara E 2nd October,  1906
Langley,   Celia Academic August, 1906
Lawrence,   Edith  M 2nd November, 1904
Leek,  Edith  L 2nd March,   1904
Luscombe,  Helen E 1st September, 1911
Letvinoff, Lena B. A August, 1911
Little, D. C B. A January,  1906
Milne, Helen 1st October,  1905
Martin, John 1st January,   1904
Mullen,   Isadore 1st October,   1911
Macdonald, Agnes 2nd i August, 1910
Merriman,   Mildred B. A September, 1911
McNair, Muriel 2nd July,   1905
McKenzie,  Grace    1st August, 1908
McDonald,   May 1st August,  1908
McKenzie,   Margaret  N 1st January,   1905
Macfarlane,   Margaret 2nd January,   1911
Maxwell,  Mary E 1st August, 1908
McPherson,   K 1st September, 1911
McLellan,  M.  E B. A September, 1911
Macgregor,   Annabelle 2nd August,   190,6
Messinger, C. E B. A August, 1909 '
McKenzie,   Elsie  F 1st August, 1911
McKee,    Geo B. A May, 1905
McEwen,   A.   E 2nd August,  1905
McDonagh, Wm 1st February, 1903
McCallum,   Ada 2nd August, 1895
McAlpine,   Sara 2nd August,   1900
Moody, Margaret B. A •. August, 1909
McLeod,  M E B. A September, 1911
McKenzie,   Mary  L B. A August, 1908
McEwan, Florence E 1st September,  1906
MacDonald, Edna C 2nd August,   1906
Messenger, Mary I B. A August, 1910
McFarland,  Cora M B. A January,  1911
McPherson,  Annie  R 1st August, 1910
Milne,   Victoria 2nd January, 1911
MacKay, Hattie 1st April, 1905
McKinnon,   Mary 2nd January, 1897
McKay,   M.   G 2nd March, 1891
McDonald,  Lucretia    1st September, 1910
Matheson,  E 1st January,  1911
McLean,   Alice B. A August,  1910
McDonald,   Christina 1st August, 1908
Mathews,   S.   W M. A April, 1902
Maggs,   A.   B B. A August, 1910
McQueen,   Kate B. A January,  1911
McAdam,    Guy B. A August, 1911
Munro,  E.  A B. A August, 1911
McCoy,   Emma B. A August,  1910
Mayers, F.  H B. A November,  1907
McKay,   Geo B. A August, 1911
Munn,  D.  W M. A September, 1908
Macnaughten,  Russell M. A January, 1910
Mclnnes, Isabel M. A January, 1910
Meadows,  Stanley B. tA August, 1911
Manning,    Dorothy B. A September, 1911
Olding, Eliz 2nd January, 1902
Perkins,   E.   D B. A August,  1905
Purdy, Ruth S 2nd January, 1908
Pollock,   J.   R 1st August,  1910
Patterson,   Jean 1st January,  1907
Painter,    Emily 2nd January, 1909
Perry,   Florence 1st August, 1911
Preston,   Bessie 2nd January, 1910
Pearson, Ethel 2nd January, 1911
Parkinson,  Madge 1st January,  1908
Periard, R. G.   (Substitute)	
Palmer, J. T. E B. A August, 1911 BOARD OF  SCHOOL TRUSTEES 93
NAME CERTIFICATE DATE OF APPOINTMENT
Richdale,  M. 1 2nd .August, 1911
Ross,   Lilian 1st August,  1911
Ritchie —,  	
Rines,   Alfred 1st August, 1908
Ross, Mrs. L. A 2nd January, 1911
Ross, A. W B. A January, 1909
Robinson,   Geo.  E B. A August, 1893
Robertson,   L B. A August, 1901
Roberts, T. H. R B. A August, 1910
Sparling, R 1st February,  1901
Sterns,   Clara B. A August, 1911
Snider, Emma 2nd August, 1909
St. James, Lea B. A January, 1906
Steeves, Eloise 1st August, 1910
Sinclair, Madge P 2nd August, 1910
Sterns, Edith B B. A August, 1910
Straight,   Robert 1st August, 1907
Sparung,    Ella Academic August, 1910
Smith,  Edith  T 2nd January, 1910
Smith,   Annie 2nd August, 1905
Stewart-Neil, Mrs. A. D 1st August,  1908
Sherrin, Alice 1st January,  1909
Stevens,   Elsie 1st August, 1911
Stewart,   Edith  L 1st August,  1910
Sherman, R.  S 1st February, 1903
Salter,  Mildred E 1st January, 1910
.Shine, Mrs. A, G 2nd April, 1903
Sinclair, Annie M. A September, 1911
Scott,  Margaret 3rd August, 1911
Sheepy, J August,   1911
Suter,   R.  W B. A., B. Sc October, 1902
Saunders,  M.  B Academic August, 1906
Shaw, H. H B. A	
Thomas, Owen J B. A ...August, 1911
Tanton, E. J 1st August,  1911
Taylor, Grace A Academic August, 1910
Truswell,   Mary 1st August,  1899
Tanner,   Rebecca 2nd August, 1900
Trembath, Emily 1st February,   1900
Templar,  Mrs.  Jean 1st August,  1911
Vermiiyea,    Buela 1st May, 1911
Van   Blaricom,   Ida B. A January,  1907
Van  Wart,   Elsie B. A January,  1911
Van  Sickle, Mabel R B. A January,  1909
Wickett,   Eliz B. A January, 1907
Watson,  Kathleen 2nd January,   1909
Walker,   Eliz B. A January,  1910
Wyatt,  J.   M "M.  A October,   1911
Wilson,  Grace A B. A August, 1904
Wickwire,   Gladys 2nd January, 1911
Woodhead, F. W 1st August,  1908
Woods,   Wm B. A August,  1910
Wood,   B.   J M. A.. October,  1906
DOMESTIC   SCIENCE
Berry,  Eliz August, 1905
Creelman, M August, 1909
Cumming, Lucy January, 1907
Fonda,    Ethel August, 1909
McLeod,  Jean August, 1911
Martin, Mrs. Arkley September, 1911
Rath,   Martha August, 1910
Stevens, E | August, 1910
MANUAL  TRAINING
Cantell,   A January, 1910
Gardner, N. H January, 1908
Greenfield,   —  September, 1911
Hill,  Wm September, 1910
Lister,   Geo October, 1903
McKeown,   M.   A August, 1903
McLean, John August, 1911
Northrop, S August, 1903
Parker,   A.   W January, 1909
Parker,  E.  W August, 1909
Sinclair,   J.   G January,  1911 

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