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Occupy till I come. A sermon, preached at the first annual service of the Columbia Mission, in the church… Mackenzie, Henry, 1808-1878 1860

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OCCUPY TILL I COME.
SERMON
j
5
PEEA.OHED AT THE EIEST ANNUAL SEEVICE
COLUMBIA MISSION,
IN THE CHURCH OF ST. MARTIN'S-IN-THE-F1ELDS,
ON WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, 186D.
REV. HENRY MACKENZIE, M.A.
PREBENDARY   OP LINCOLN;.
CHAPLAIN TO  THE BISHOP   OF THAT  DIOCESE;
PROCTOR IN  CONVOCATION  FOR THE CLERGY   OF THE SAME,  &C. &C.
PUBLISHED BY REQUEST, FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE MISSION.
> LONDON:
EIVINGTONS, "WATEELOO PLACE:
& HODGES, SMITH, AND CO., DUBLIN.
1860.
Price Threepence. XA.U3&-I
PUBLICATIONS PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN AID OF THE MISSION.
Price One Shilling,
A SEEMON, preached at the Farewell Service celebrated in
St. James's Church, Piccadilly, on Wednesday, November 16, 1859, the
day previous to his departure for his Diocese, by George Hills, D.D.,
Bishop of Columbia. With an account of the Meeting held on the same
day at the Mansion House of the City of London, in aid of the Columbia
Mission. With correct Reports of Speeches delivered by the Bishops of
London, Oxford, and Columbia; also, by the Lord Mayor, Hon. Arthur
Kinnaird, Sir George Grey (late Governor of the Cape), and others.
London : Rivingtons, Waterloo Place.
Dublin : Hodges, Smith, & Co., Grafton Street.
Price One Shilling,
EEPOET OE THE SPECIAL FUND obtained during a
Ten Months' Appeal by the Bishop of Columbia since his consecration in
Westminster Abbey, on the 24th of February, 1859. With a statement of
the urgent need which exists for sympathy and support in aid of the
Columbia Mission.
Contents op Report:—Committee—General List—Dioceses of Bath and Wells,
Canterbury, Carlisle, Chester, Chichester, Durham, Ely, Exeter, Gloucester and Bristol,
Hereford, Lichfield, Lincoln, London, Manchester, Norwich, Oxford, Peterborough,
Ripon, Rochester, Salisbury, Winchester, Worcester, York.—Scotland, General List—
Diocese of Edinburgh, Glasgow—Isle of Man.—Ireland. Province of Armagh—Diocese
of Down, &c.—Province of Dublin—Diocese of Cashel, &c, Cork, &c. Dublin, &c. Kil-
laloe, Limerick, Ossory, &c.—Form of Bequest—Summary—Balance Sheet.
London : Rivingtons, Waterloo Place.
Dublin : Hodges, Smith, & Co., Grafton Street.
Price One Shilling,
COLUMBIA MISSION.     Occasional Paper.    6th June,
I860.
Contents:—Drawing of Iron Church and Mission-house.—Introduction—Account of
Bishop's Voyage.—Arrival of the Bishop—Victoria—Nature of the Work—Clergy
required—Ministrations already commenced — Organization — Living and Material
Agencies—Visit to the Main Land—New Westminster—The Forest—Felling Giant
Trees—The Miners and the Church—The Backwoodsman and the Bishop—Encouragement—Addresses—Agitation—The Election—Coloured People—Chinese—Romanism—
Education—College—Female College—Variety of Races—The Athelstan—St. John's
Church—Evening Service—Visits to the Indians—Death—Contamination—Slavery—
Indian Children—Conclusion of Letters—Existing Missionaries—Clergy and Ladies—
Special Objects—Clothing—Iron College—Advertisements—Form of Bequest—General
Statement—Appeal—Maps—Diocese of Columbia—the World.—Appendix I. Yale,
Address andJ3.eply.—II. New Westminster, Address and Reply.—III. Hope, Address
and Reply.—IV. Vancouver's Island, Address and Reply.
London : Rivingtons, Waterloo Place.
Dublin : Hodges, Smith, & Co., Grafton Street.
r
(
FOEM OF BEQUEST.
I give unto the Treasurer for the time being of" The Columbia Mission
Fund,"formed in London, by the Lord Bishop of Columbia, in the year
1859, the sum of Pounds sterling, to be paid out
of such part only of my personal estate as shall not consist of Mortgages or
Chattels real, for the purposes of the said Mission, and for which the receipt
of such Treasurer shall be a sufficient discharge. Hln
SEEMON,
$0.
Luke xix. 13—Occupy till I come.
HpaynaTtvGaaOa 'iwg tp^ojueu.
It would be easy to address to you a Discourse
upon these words, having a certain amount of interest, explaining the ordinary interpretation of
the Parable whence they are taken; containing
information of the kingdom bestowed on Archelaus;
illustrating the financial craft and usurious practices of the Jewish KtpnaTiarai, or money-changers;
describing the unwillingness of the Jews to have
their new king to reign over them; and com-
mentiug upon the awards made by the nobleman
on learning the conduct of his various servants.
I shall however, I trust, occupy your time more
profitably if I put aside the business of the mere
commentator and expounder of a section of the
Scriptures; and as one called, under circumstances
of peculiar interest, to apply the principles of the
Gospel to the evangelization of a particular part of
the world, seek to extract at once the marrow of
the Parable, and ask you to note the duty it implies of making the best use of whatever we possess
a 2
PjarMfir- M   \A/   Ht^tOPV 0<*nt.
^v --—* 111 \s   \   -5 »    v v   i   I    ii \j i. v/ \   y     —   ■      ■/ * *
106834    PROVINCIAL  LiG-^ARY
VICTORIA,  0. 0.
H in Christ's name wheresoever we may be placed;
and of holding our several possessions in trust for
Him until His coming. This surely was His main
design in uttering it, when He so clearly indicated
the responsibility that every individual soul, and
every incorporated communion of souls, owed to
Him; the danger of rebellion against His authority;
and the necessity both of laboriously working in
His service, and of vigilantly watching for His
return!
Christ is the nobleMAN to whom God the Father
hath assigned the great kingdom. There are many
rebellious, who say, 1 We will not have this man to
reign over us." There are many mistaken, who
say, I We will have no king but Csesar." There
are many fearful, who still look upon the devil as
the prince of this world, forgetful that Christ said,
" He hath nothing in Me;" and that He hath Himself redeemed it by His blood. But we who are
His joint-heirs, and inheritors of His kingdom,
know that the day is coming when He will claim
the great kingdom for His own; and the very object and business of our life is to witness to Him,
—wherever we can raise our voice or make our
testimony known,—as being our Lord, with power
over the world, the flesh, and the devil, as the
Saviour of all men, and specially of them that
believe.
It is but natural to assume that they who come to
attend this special Anniversary Service, have not only
a positive interest in, but moreover a certain amount i
5
of knowledge of, the subject they assemble to commemorate. It would, therefore, be out of place
to delay, to recite to you at any length the circumstances under which a branch of our National
Church has gone forth in its complete organization to herald the Gospel to the varied peoples
in the new colony of Columbia. You know that
it is a British colony of recent organization; you
know (if you accept the ancient axiom JScclesia in
Episcopo) that a Church has been organized in
its completeness there, mainly through the instrumentality of one closely connected with this parish;
you know that the young colony has attracted
thousands to its shores since it has been ascertained to be one of the native homes of gold; you
know that through its peculiar position by land
and sea it is a colony of great promise as concerns
material prosperity; and you know that, owing to
the sudden irruption of many different races into
its bosom, as well as on account of its being the
natural home of some, and the last recipient of
other, heathen tribes, it must be a land waiting
for the Gospel of Jesus.
It is, then, under the solemn conviction that
the words of the text may fairly be applied, as
a voice from heaven speaking to the Church in
reference to Columbia, " Occupy till I come," that
I ask you to consider some of the specialties of
the Columbia Mission, of which we are this day
commemorating the First Anniversary.
He who is gone out in  the capacity of chief
J 6
servant, with his talent in his hand to | occupy "
for Christ, is known to most of us.    His voice has
ere now sounded in this temple of God.    We have
known him as a "workman that needeth not to
be  ashamed"   at  home,  and  have  admired that
wonderful power of organization, that self-denying
labour, that untiring energy, and that persevering
faith, which combined to mark him as one specially
adapted to the great work whereto he has been
called.    We have watched with  anxiety his toilsome labours in behalf of his new diocese here,
and have beheld with gratitude the  guidance of
a gracious Providence which shielded him from the
danger  that was waiting to engulph him on his
passage   there.      We   have   heard  with  renewed
thankfulness of the welcome that awaited him from
many softened hearts in the towns, the woodlands,
and the mines, that were stirred to know a chief
pastor of the Church was coming to care for their
souls; and we would now endeavour to realize to ourselves his own actual position, and the prospects of
the local Church over which he is called to preside.
That you may thus realize himself, let me quote
ten words of his   own, from a recent letter  addressed to myself:—he is asking for Clergy to be
sent to aid him, and he thus describes the type
of man he wants: "He must be an earnest man,
a soul-loving man."    You see how he speaks from
his heart; and how, in asking for such manhood
as this to be sent to him, he breathes the spirit
of a I soul-loving man § himself.    Conceive, then, of this soul-loving chief pastor standing in the
midst of his ever-gathering children of different
races, and contemplating the different calls upon
his ministry; and the different classes of souls, and
the different groups of men he is to claim; and the
different portions of territory he is to "trade with"
in the merchandise of the Gospel,—to "occupy"
for Christ.
I. Look at him first in anxious thought for his
colonists from home. The home-life of England
is—notwithstanding many hindrances—bound up,
organically as well as spiritually, with the life of
Christ. It is a remarkable fact, that Christianity
is older than Nationality amongst us here. It preceded the arrival of the Saxons; it dethroned their
Paganism in the days of the Heptarchy, and preceded their fusion into united England; it preceded the incorporation of the Danes into the
nation; it was professed by the conquering Normans. Until therefore this country had undergone several ethnical changes, it knew no Christianity save that which was professed by the whole
Church of Christ. And equally noteworthy is the
fact that when the corruptions accumulated in the
dark ages had reached their culminating point in
the sixteenth century, it was this nation, alone of
all nations, that, in its national capacity, decreed
to abide by the faith once delivered to the saints:
it was this nation alone that, in its national capacity, reformed its faith after the apostolical
model, and according to scriptural rule; and thus 8
perpetuated a permanent witness against that parody upon Catholicism' which was perpetrated,
when the seal of distinctive Popery was set by
the Council of Trent upon the faith of Rome.
The enlarged liberty conceded, and rightly conceded, to individual conscience since that date,
has not altered the great fact that the Church
of England alone, in her corporate capacity, represents the Church of Christ in England by identity
of form as well as of faith; and that too in a way
no other national Church represents it to its own
nation; and that hence the home-life of England
is, organically as well as spiritually, bound up with
the life of Christ.
Very different, however, is the aspect of affairs
in our colonies where no such organized life, no
such incorporated union of the nation with the
Church is found. Our soul-loving bishop looks
upon many who rejoice in the freedom, as they
think it, which they have found—upon many who
consider themselves free as air to choose for themselves a sect or a Religion, to join a mere voluntary
association of men, apart from a living branch of
the Church constituted in Christ—upon many who
deem they have a perfect right to join without
responsibility, or not to join without any more re-
1 There were only fifty-seven bishops assembled at the so-
called (Ecumenical Council of Trent (see Wordsworth's " Letters to M. Gondon on the destructive character of the Church
of Eome ")—a number scarcely more than half of those now in
communion with the Church of England! 9
sponsibility, any sect or any denomination of
Christianity—upon some who in the strength of
an uproarious manhood are utterly defiant of the
grace of God as offered to man in the Gospel—and
upon comparatively few who have brought out
their home-life in them, as a part of their Divine
inheritance, and who find in the hallowed communion of the Church of England a service indeed,
but a service which, to the enlightened conscience
and sanctified will, is the most perfect freedom
man has ever seen.
For freedom, it must be borne in mind, consists
not in personal irresponsibility, but in the voluntary submission of all inferior wills to one, perfect
and supreme; and the Church is subject to Christ
in every thing.
The three most influential forms of Christian
belief (apart from the Church of England) in
Columbia, are those of Rome, Independency, and
Methodism—the latter section of course being less
hostile to our own form of faith than the former;
and the two former differing in their grounds of
opposition, the first being doctrinally, and the
second disciplinally (though both politically) hostile. The Scottish settlers having no Presbyterian
minister, are for the most part gradually conforming to our own Church. The German ele-
ment constitutes a peculiar difficulty in the form
of language, and though this may be partially met
by the attainments of some of our own Clergy,
we  must  expect  it   to   form   an   impediment  to 10
thorough Christian union, of more or less importance, and in different parts of the diocese, for
some time to come.
II. But a greater difficulty than that springing
from language may be expected—and indeed is
found—in the predilections of the citizens of the
United States for the peculiar institutions of their
own country. I am not now referring to them as
members of a different form of government, but
as the inheritors of different national traditions.
The spread of Christian love amongst ourselves,
and a deeper knowledge of Christian principle,
have not only abolished Slavery, but have begotten a repugnance to the very name. We now
recognize universally the great scriptural truth
that I God hath made of one blood all nations for
to dwell upon the earth;" and, with us, the token
of African descent would be rather hailed as a
ground of sympathy, and recognized as a claim
for atonement for successive wrongs inflicted, than
looked upon as just cause for alienation or repugnance. Certainly, if even it were allowed to
impinge on any point of social custom, at all events
it could afford no bar to Christian communion.
So different, however, is the feeling of our Transatlantic brethren, that a Columbian congregation
of white men, professing Christianity, according to
the Independent persuasion, has altogether separated from brethren of the same faith and form
of worship, because of the colour of their skin.
"The shadowed livery of the burnished sun" has }
11
been thus stamped as a token of perpetual exclusion from the same house of God, and the descendant of the slave has been forbidden communion in the cup of salvation with the free! So
different are our notions upon these subjects, that we
are hardly in a fair position to judge of the strong
feelings entertained by our brethren; and therefore, while we firmly maintain the more scriptural views adopted by ourselves, we shall do well
to exercise greater forbearance toward those trained
in different ideas, than it has been our wont to
exhibit. In waiting, however, for the time when
this unchristian antipathy shall have subsided, we
must admit it to be one of the most painful hindrances of Satan to the progress of the Gospel and
the growth of love in the Church!
III. But while the descendants of American
slaves are thus a present difficulty to the advance
of Christian love and Church unity, we may trace
a richer ground of hope in another race who have
set their industrious feet among the colonists of
Columbia. The remarkable family of the long-
sealed region of China is numerously represented
in the diocese. The strange customs of that inexplicable people are doubtless working out secretly some of the designs of Providence; and to
this fact I believe our descendants will be able to
bear clearer testimony than ourselves, after the
present wars and r amours of wars have passed
away! The restrictions they place, however, on
emigration from their country seem to indicate the 12
change about to pass over them in the course of
another generation. In consequence of their tradition that China is doomed to fall by a woman, all
female emigration is strictly forbidden; while the
emigration of men is only permitted under certain
conditions, and their wives and families are retained
in the country as hostages for their return at a
future period. Now this emigration of Chinese
men has already been productive of one result,
and is clearly pointing towards another. Their
abode in Borneo and in Australia has already led
to many alliances, whence are growing up a new
and intelligent and industrious race of people, who
are being rapidly brought under Christian training
in early life: their still briefer abode in Columbia
has already brought some of their young men under
the influence of a soul-loving Pastor. Already the
name of at least one Chinese man of wealth and
reputation is enrolled among the contributors to a
Christian Church; and it needs not the special
gift of prophecy to foresee and to foretell that
when numbers of these temporary emigrants return
to their native land, imbued with a respect for the
traditions and morals of Christianity, even if not
converted to its faith, there must be introduced
into their land the seeds of a new power, calculated
to shake their confidence in that ancient superstition which has long held their vast country
under its unhallowed tyranny! Their laws of exclusion may shut out the barbarian ; their laws of
restriction may compel the  return of their wan- }
13
dering children; but the spiritual power of the
barbarian they despise will gradually permeate the
minds of those children who have been brought
beneath its influence; and the power of knowledge,
and the force of mind, and the breath of the Spirit,
and the dignity of truth, will find an entrance
among the long-sealed people, and the land of
Sinim shall at length rejoice in the summer warmth
of the rays of salvation!
IV. The races of Africa and of Asia combine
then with those of Europe and America to give
grounds of anxious expectation, and of varying
hope and fear, to our soul-loving chief pastor in his
Columbian home. There is one race, however, to
which we have not yet adverted, which is especially to
him an object of care, and thought, and prayer!
The history of European colonization has traced
in characters of blood the triumphs of civilization
over barbarism. Race after race of the mingled
family of barbarians has died out before the car of
the victorious conqueror. When earth and sea
give up their dead, America, North and South,
will bear frightful testimony to the ruthless shot
and steel of those bold but unscrupulous warriors
and navigators whose great names have been stained
with records of slavery and slaughter! The colonists of England have not been free from the same
guilt, either in the West or at the Antipodes.
New Zealand stands out brightly as one instance
which helps to solve the problem how a noble and
freedom-loving race can  be brought from savage
4&s&<*->se- 14
life into harmony with civilization and Christianity.
It is not yet altogether too late to develop a similar
success in the north-west to that which has been
achieved in the south-east of the globe. The Red
race, driven from the States and Canada to and
beyond the Rocky Mountains, still number from
70,000 to 80,000 souls in the diocese of Columbia.
The natives of Queen Charlotte's and the adjacent
islands are still among the "isles that wait" for the
Dove of the spirit to brood over the chaos of heathenism, and bring out the light and love of the
Gospel. It may even yet be given to us, to see the
once mighty race of the red family of man represented by believing generations, who will lay aside
the rifle and the tomahawk for the Bible and the
spade, supplant the wigwam and the break-wind by
the church and the cottage, and smoke the calumet
of peace beneath the vine and the fig-tree that their
own hands have planted! To the hunted hunters
and persecuted persecutors the voice of the Son of
God may yet proclaim the words, " In my wrath
I smote thee, but in my favour I had mercy on
thee!" The Red man may still say, with Job,
that "his latter end is more blessed than his
beginning!"
" God does not despise the day of small things;"
and though we may not boast of what has been
done in His name, it is lawful to augur hopefully
from the openings of mercy He Himself has vouchsafed. The chief pastor in whom we are specially
interested to-day had not been  three months in
L 15
Columbia when he could speak of a visit he had
paid to an Indian chief; and also to an Indian trader
from Fort Simpson, who, with his Indian wife,
had joined in prayer with him, and acknowledged
his faith in Christ as his Saviour; and a touching
sight it must have been to have seen the Bishop,
as kneeling on the floor of the wigwam he poured
forth his prayer " for our heavenly Father's blessing
on the Church's work; and on the poor Indians;
and that his grace might reach their hearts; and
that they might share the same blessed hope in the
same body as ourselves in Christ Jesus2."
Within the same period he had contrived to
gather together into one party to a pleasant festival about thirty children of the tribe of the
Songees, and in the Chinooh language he then
and there prayed for our great Father's blessing
on the little ones His bounty enabled him to feed!
Hear his own account of the conclusion of the
feast: " We sang, ' Praise God,' &c, to the Old
Hundredth. All of us sang right heartily, and the
little voices mingled with our own; and when we
ceased, we found a remarkable impression produced. All were reverently hushed in a fixed and
thoughtful manner. Their little spirits were evidently touched, and not a breath was heard, till
one us of broke silence. At the end we sang
again with a like effect. We thought how joyful
the day when out of the mouth of babes and suck-
2 See Occasional Paper, June, 1860. London: Eivingtons.
Dublin: Hodges, Smith, and Co. 16
lings the praise of Jesus shall indeed be perfected!
There was an omen of that day, in the way these
little ones were touched by the songs of Zion V
From the slight indications I have given of
the different objects of care to the chief pastor
of the Church of Columbia, you may gather how
weighty is the charge entrusted to his responsibility; and you will not fail to notice that herein
I have merely touched the point of what may be
termed ethnical difficulties, without daring to approach the special and more personal difficulties
of dealing* with the pastoral, agricultural, commercial, and mining sections of society, into which, in
its youth, the colony nationally subdivides itself.
Let me now briefly advert to some of those aids
and helps which the Church evolves from her own
bosom, and to which the Bishop may reasonably
look as means of the subdivision of labour, and
channels whereby and wherethrough the truth as
it is in Jesus, may flow forth to irrigate the thirsting souls around him.
a. And first of all I would ask you to look at
Education as one of the great means the Church
must use to train the youth of the colony into the
discipline of the mind of Christ.
There are two great rival schools in the world:
the one systematic and unpopular; the other popular and free to all. The first of these is the school
of Christ; the second that of Satan, the great
adversary. The restraint of discipline which cha-
3 See the same Occasional Paper. 17
racterizes the Church of the Redeemer is opposed to
all the instincts of our fallen humanity. The
freedom of unlicensed will, the development of
our natural self, which characterizes the world,
the flesh, and the devil, enlists all the sympathies of unregenerate humanity. If we give up
the use of discipline because of its unpopularity,
we virtually yield the ground to Satan, and give
him a post of vantage from which we may never be
able to unseat him hereafter! This, which is
manifest to every thoughtful mind in the old country, is still more forced upon the thoughts of those
whose lot is cast in a young colony. Unless there
be some means found for forming the habits and
cultivating the abilities of the young, the new
country goes back in mental gifts, and deteriorates
in the social scale.
And this, which is true of the whole condition
of society in its entirety, is full of painful inconvenience when applied to those branches of science,
literature, and the arts which need special and
particular training. If the knowledge of God, His
nature, His attributes, and His revelation, be not
sustained, it will dribble away into a series of
unauthenticated traditions in the course of a very
few generations. One of the first cares then of
Columbia must be an institution wherein the Word
of God may be cherished, and men reared and
instructed therein, who shall hereafter be able to
teach others also. Up to the present time, the
only means of acquiring education for the growing
B r
youth of the colony has been reached by a compromise every way unsatisfactory. The boys have been
to school to the Roman Catholic bishop, the girls
to the Roman Catholic Sisters of St. Anne. And
while Protestant parents have had to give up their
most cherished predilections in entrusting the education of their children to teachers of the faith of
Rome, the priesthood and sisters of Rome have had
to make a concession still more galling to a tender
conscience,—to refrain from teaching the faith
which they hold as their most cherished inheritance, and out of which their Church declares that
none can obtain salvation! To release both parties
from this doubly painful compromise, we hope ere
long to establish institutions which shall provide
Religious and secular instruction of a high and pure
order, which shall tend at once to the glory of
Almighty God, and the spiritual and intellectual
elevation of His children. It is probable that for
a time our Bishop will retain in his own hands
the headship of the new College, but one at least is
present amongst us to-day who will shortly go out
in the power of the Holy Ghost to strengthen his
hands in the holy work of imbuing the rising intellect of Columbia with the fully revealed mind of
Christ.
b. And next to education by direct teaching,
there is ground of hope to believe that our chief
pastor's work will be lightened, and his influence
extended, by means set before us very clearly in
the Scriptures,  as according to the will of God. 19
We read that when our Lord was on earth there
were " holy women " who ministered to Him both
in life and in death; and when the power of the
resurrection had been manifested in Him, and consummated in the ascension, and the Apostles were
waiting for those gifts of Pentecost which we have
so recently commemorated; then we find that " the
women, and Mary the mother of Jesus," consorted
with them in the hallowed upper chamber in Jerusalem, and " continued with one accord in prayer
and supplication " with the Apostles. And when
the gifts of the longed-for Comforter had been
shed upon the infant Church, and the Apostles
and Brethren " went every where preaching the
word," we are told by the Holy Ghost of a Priscilla
and a Phcebe, of a Dorcas and a Lydia, of a Lois
and an Eunice, and of others too numerous to mention, who in their several vocations of piety, of
charity, and of domestic training, helped forward
the word and work of Christ in different sections
of the universal Church.
There is, indeed, some doubt still felt in the
mind of the Church at home, what name should
be assigned to those holy women who consecrate
themselves especially to works of piety in the
Church; but there is no doubt felt that holy works
may be done by those whose hearts God has
touched: and while it would be a vain quarrel
of words to dispute, whether such an one should
be called a deaconess or a sister, we cannot for an
instant doubt the blessedness that rests upon that
b 2 20
ministry, which, like that of a Sarah, in the workhouse of Yarmouth; or an Elizabeth, in the gaols of
the Metropolis; or a Florence, in the wards of Scutari ; or a Mary, in the hospital of Kullalu; or an
Angela, in endowing the episcopal office in the
colonies; or a Catharine, or an Anna*, in going
to work whithersoever they may be sent;—we cannot, I say, doubt the blessedness that rests upon
that woman's ministry, which is ever ready to
sacrifice self, to glorify God, to edify the Church,
and to save the soul of a fellow-sinner!
c. And beyond the helps found in education, and
in the willing ministry of those holy women, whom
to avoid a controversial title we may for the present
call Female Missionaries, our soul-loving Pastor
has also to look to soul-loving men to help him:
men who, called by the same spirit, sealed in the
same ministry, and working in the same vineyard
under himself, well know how to sympathize with
his difficulties, to share his labours, and to lift up
his arms with mutual aid, as Aaron and Hur bore
up the enfeebled, yet powerful, arms of Moses!
One, working for him, has already earned for himself the title of " the Miner's friend." Another bids
fair to be known as the Evangelist of the Chinaman.
A third has left a noble reputation behind him in
his sphere of work here, and promises to bring new
honours in the Field of Faith to a name already
ennobled in the annals of statesmanship  and of
4 See the same Occasional Paper. 21
warfare. Two others, with their families, we have
just heard, have reached Columbia in safety, after
a painful voyage of seven long months in the
narrow cabin of a sailing ship. Some, too, like-
minded, as we hope and believe, are present
with us to-day: ready to go forth to the ends
of the earth under the call of God; ready to obey
in all things lawful the chief pastor set over
them; ready to teach in the settled township, to
minister to the wandering squatter, to pray with
the sturdy gold-digger, to teach in the growing
college, to gainsay the perverse disputant, to warn
the sinner from his evil way, to guide the ignorant
heathen, according as he to whom they owe obedience shall direct:—men who, whether as settled
clergy or as itinerating missionaries, are ready to
spend and be spent for Christ, and give up all—
yea, even life itself—so that they may win souls to
the glory of God!
And now, dear brethren, that I have endeavoured on this our first anniversary of the Columbian Mission to set before you some of the difficulties, the hopes, and the helps, that add weight
to the anxieties, kindle the prayers, and sustain
the energies, of one to whom the Church looks to
do great things in her Lord's name and power, let
me recall your thoughts to the subject brought
before you in my text, " Occupy till I come!"
These words I verily believe may be fairly accepted
by the Church as a divine commission in respect
to Columbia; but in treating of them hitherto we 22
have rather looked at the outside and shell of the
Church. Let us examine more closely, and seek
now to look within, to behold the core, to trace
God's will rather than man's work.
Need I remind you of Christ's ransom paid for
the world; of God's expressed desire to save mankind; of the certainty that He wills His salvation
to reach the souls of all the races now finding
a new home, or a sojourning-place, in the wild
deserts and unreclaimed woods and wastes of
Columbia ?
Surely you are conscious of a great and unseen
Will having been manifestly exercised in putting
us—each one of us—in the way of doing some-
thing towards the saving those souls who repre-
sent races from all the quarters of the globe and
most of the isles of the sea ?
Why, the very creation of the colony, and the
way in which it has started into adult life, bearing
the impress of the Church on its infant manhood,
as it stepped from its golden cradle,—the way in
which navigation has courted it by the system of
great circle sailing bringing it in the line of her
new route to China,—the way in which nature has
honoured it by baring the bosoms of the rocky
mountains to open an easier access to the west than
can be found by any other passage,—the way in
which science woos it by the discovery of coal in
the line that is to feed the iron highway that will
ere long link the east and west together,—the way
in which ocean pays her tribute to it by sending
— J
^
<SP
23 6X^>!e
her warm gulf-stream to temper her northern skies   f-t ~t%
into a genial clime:—all these are marvels of Pro-   . -
vidence, which have brought our own land almost
suddenly  into  easy  connexion  with   what  would
otherwise have been our most distant colony.
And when we see these marvels of Providence
thus linking the extreme lands of the earth and
islands of the sea together, shall we doubt that
marvels of Grace await the faithful use of the
opportunities vouchsafed us of thus heralding the
Gospel in a new and untried direction ? As mind
gives motion to matter; as the Spirit of God regenerates the nature of fallen man; so now let man
regenerated spiritualize the great facts that nature
places at his disposal. Let us rise, in the might of
God's Spirit, to the dignity of the work placed
before us. The Cross of Christ is planted in
Columbia; the Temple of the Church is erected
there. Let our prayers water the soil, and our
alms fill the treasury!
And you, brethren and sisters, who, after gathering around God's board, will go forth from
this congregation sealed and marked as mission-
aries of Columbia, do you too rise to the dignity
of your holy work. Go forth in the strength of
Christ's presence, with the Holy Ghost burning as
a witness within you, to prove yourselves heroes
and heroines of the Gospel. Forget not the strength
and majesty of the glorious name of the Triune
God you serve. Go forth to achieve new triumphs
for that Cross which is the sign and means of your 24
own salvation. " Occupy till I come!" saith your
Lord to you! If you use your several talents well,
a glorious reward awaits you. There may be—
there are—trials in the path wherein ye go. The
thorns of the earthly crown may again and again
pierce brow and heart. But if ye are faithful to
the end the victory is certain, and the heavenly
crown is sure. And, oh, who shall tell the radiancy
of that smile that shall welcome you when your
earthly sand has run out; when you who have been
faithful in a very little shall receive rule and authority from the Great King Himself, in the dawning
of that wondrous day when the Saints shall judge
the world ?
N.B.—Communications mav be addressed to
EEV. JOHN GAEEETT,
Vicar of St. Paul, near Penzance,
And Commissary to the Bishop of Columbia*
G-. P. AEDEN, ESQ.
Halsteud, Hues.
Secretaries to the
Columbia Mission.
3, Waterloo Place, 8.W.
London.
Contributions may be paid to the account of the COLUMBIA MISSION,
at Messrs. Cotjtts & Co., 59, Strand; Cox & Co., Craig's Court,
Charing Cross; Smith, Payne, & Smiths, 1, Lombard Street; Sir
John Lubbock, Bart., Foster & Co., Mansion House Street, City;
79, Pall Mall; and at Messrs. D. La Touchb & Co., Castle Street,
Dublin.
GILBERT  AND RIY1N0TON,   PRINTERS, ST.  John's  SQUARE, LONDON.

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