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Tenth annual report of the British Columbia Board of Trade from 6th July, 1888, to 5th July, 1889 Victoria (B.C.). Board of Trade 1889

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Annual Report
From 6th July, 1888, to 5th July, 1889.
1889. INDEX
List of Officers  3
List of Members  5
Annual Report  10
Financial Statement  23
Secretary's Account Current  '24
Auditor's Report  25
1. Additions to Library  26
2. Resolution re. Death of Hon. R. Dunsmuir  27
3. China-Japan Mail Steamship Service  27
4. Improvements to Victoria Harbor  32
5. Immigration  33
6. Trade with China and Japan  34
7. Fisheries of British Columbia  37
8. Proposed increase in Duty on Lead  47
9. Shipping Statistics  48
10. Customs Statistics  55
11. By-Laws  (51
12. Customs of the Port of Victoria  64
13. Port Charges  66 OFFICERS.
COUNCIL.   (8)
A. A. GREEN, Esq.
R. P. RITHET, Esq., J. P.
E. A. McQUADE, Esq.
D. W. HIGGINS, Esq., M. P. P.
A. A. GREEN, Esq.
R. P. RITHET, Esq., J. P.
J. H. TODD, Esq.
E. A. McQUADE, Esq.
E. G. PRIOR, Esq., M. P.
Alexander, R. H.
Baker, E. C, M. P.
Bales, Jas. Chestney
Barnard, F. S.
Bullen, W. F.
Burns, Gavin H.
Boyd, John
Byrnes, Geo.
Bourchier, Francis,
Caton, J. A. T.
Clarke, Wm. R. .
Croasdaile, H. E., J. P.
Cowan, M. H.
Drake, M. W. T., Q. G.
Davie, Theo., Q. G.
Dunsmuir, James
Dunsmuir, Alex.
Davies, Joshua
Drake, Wm. T.
Devlin, J. C.
Duponfc, C. T.
EUis, W. H.
Earle, Thomas
Eberts, D. M.
Manager Sawmill
Conveyancer & Notary
Public Accountant
Victoria Transfer Co.
Manager Bank B. N. A.
Auctioneer & Com. Mer.
Land Agent, &c.
Harbor Master, &c.
Land Agent
Prop. Wellington Collry
Auctioneer & Com. Mer.
Barrister-at-Law 6
Erb, Louis
Ewen, Alexander *
Fell, James
Flumerfelt, A. C.
Finlayson, Roderick
Foster, F. W.
Grant, John, M. P. P.
Grant, Wm.
Green, Alex. Alfred
Gray, Alex. Blair
Goodacre, Lawrence
Gordon, William
Heisterman, H. F.
Higgins, D. W., M.P.P.
Hibben, T. N.
Harris, D. R.
Hayward, Charles
Heathom, Wm.
Hall, T. B.
Irving, John
Johnson, E. M.
Johnston, Matthew T.
Jackson, Robert E.
Jones, A. W.
Ker, D.
Brewer and Maltster
Cannery Prop'r.
Lloyd's Agent
Ship Owner
Commission Merchant
Fire Ins. & Land Agent
Mger*. Tram. Co.
Civil Engineer
Contractor & Builder
Mill Owner
Manager 0. P. N. Co.
Land Agent
Agt. Canada Life In. Oo.
Produce Merchant
| New Westminster
I Victoria
I Clinton
V ictoria
Victoria .
Victoria MEMBERS-Continued.
Langley, Alfred J., J.P.
Chemist & Druggist
Laidlaw, Jas. A.
Cannery Proprietor
New Westminster
Livock, Wm. Thos.
Factor H. B. Co.
Loewen, Joseph
Brewer & Maltster
Leiser, Simeon
Lumby, M.
Lubbe, T.
Fur Merchant
Marvin, Edgar
Marvin, Edward B.
Ship Chandler
Mason, Henry S.
Barrister-at-La w
Miller, Munro
Monteith, William
Ins. &Com. Agent
Morison, George
Mara, J. A., M.P.
Munn, D. J.
Cannery Proprietor
Fraser River
Macauley, W. J.
Sawmill Owner
McQuade, E. A.
Ship Chandler
McAlister, John
Master Shipwright
McLellan, A. J.
Cannery Proprietor
Nelson, Hon. Hugh
Lieut.-Gov. B.C.
Nicholles, John
Pitts, Sidney J.
Pooley, C. E., M.P.P.
Prior, E. G, M.P.
Pendray, Wm. J.
Soap Manufacturer
Robins, S. M.
Supt. V.C.M. &L. Co.
Redon, L.
Hotel Keeper
Rithet, Robert P.
Richards, F. G., Jr.
Land Agent, &c.
Redfern, Charles E.
Matchmaker, &c.
Strouss, Carl
Spring, Chas.
Strouss, Morris'
Saunders, Henry
Say ward, William P.
Lumber Merchant
Shotbolt, Thos. J. P.
Chemist and Druggist
Shears, Walter
Dry Goods Merchant
Sears, Joseph
Springer, Benj.
Smith, T. R.
Sehl, Jacob
Tye, Thomas H.
Todd, Jacob H.
Turner, J. H., M.P.P.
Van Volkenburgh, B.
Williams, Robert T.
Ward, William C.
Ward, Robert, J. P.
Wilson, C.
Wilson, William
Contractor, &c.
Manager Sawmill
Asst. Comm'r H. B. Co.
M' odyville
Weiler, John
Furniture Manfacturer
Warren, James D.
Steamboat Owner
Wright, G. B.
Yates, James S.
Victoria Tenth Annual  Report
British Columbia Board of Trade.
(6tli July, 1888, to 5th July, 1889.)
Victoria, B. C, 5th July, 1889.
To the Members of the British Columbia Board of Trade:
Gentlemen,—Your Committee, appointed by the Council
of the Board, in the usual way, have pleasure in presenting,!
in accordance with past usage, their Annual Report, embody-1
ing a synopsis of the proceedings of the Institution during!
the past twelve months, together with the customary statistical and other information in the form of Appendices.
Numerically, the strength of the Institution continues to
show a satisfactory increase, the figures being as follows, viz.: 3
Total Membership on the 6th July, 1888     93
New Members admitted during the year     10
Together   103
Deaths   1")       „
Resignations   5 j
Present Active Membership     97
Being an increase of 4 since date of last Report, which, with|
the new members about to be balloted for, will bring the total
strength to upwards of 100.
., Y
fmmm 11
The new members elected during the present month are
as follows, viz:
Byrnes, Geo Auctioneer, &c Victoria
Cowan, M. H Merchant       "
Clarke, W. R Harbor Master	
Pendray, W. J Manufacturer	
Dupont, C. T Capitalist	
Ewen, Alex Salmon Cannery Prop'r. Westminster
Munn, D. J  do.
Spring, Chas Ship Owner Victoria
McLellan, A. J Salmon Cannery Prop'r.      "
Ker, D. R Produce Merchant       "
The following gentlemen tendered their resignations as
members of the Board during the same period, viz:
Ferguson, J. B Bookseller Victoria
McDowell, W. J Printer       "
Rashdall, G. H Flour Mill Prop'r... . Spallumacheen
Vowell, A. W Gold Comm'r Donald
Wood, W. F Comm. Merchant.. . .Victoria
A total number of 17 meetings were held during the
period under review, of which 4 were general, 1 special, and
12 Council Meetings.
The above total falls short of that for the previous 12
months, by 7; the explanation of which lies in the fact that
the necessity for convening meetings occurred less frequently-
This Board, in common with every other commercial
institution in the Province, has deeply felt the loss sustained
by the death of the late Hon. Robert Dunsmuir, to whose
great business capacity, and unswerving integrity, the trade
interests of this country stand largely indebted. 12
On the occasion of the funeral of the late honorable gentleman, the members of this Board attended in a. body, as a
last mark of respect and esteem.
In the Appendices will be found the text of the resolution passed by the Board, on 24th April last, in relation to
this sad event.
Your Committee record with satisfaction the efficacy of
the representations made by the Board to the Dominion
Government, relative to sundry irregularities in connection
with the Mail Service between this Province and the United
States. The delays complained of have been removed, and
the trade of the Province has been thereby greatly benefitted.
The non-calling at Victoria of the China-Japan Mail
Steamers still continues to adversely affect the commercial
interests of the Port, and the Board has been unremitting in
its efforts to have this grievance remedied. In conjunction
with the Provincial Government, the Board has again memorialized the Imperial Authorities not to grant a subsidy to
any line of steamers, unless it be made a condition of the
contract that such steamers call at Victoria, both on the outward and inward passages. Reference is requested to the
Appendices for more detailed information as to the proceedings of the Board in relation to this matter.
The connection, by a telegraph line, of Victoria with
Bonilla Point, at the entrance to the Straits of Fuca, where
the Dominion Government is about to establish a Signal
Station, will prove of great value to shipping and tend to
remove a source of danger which has hitherto existed, and
which has, of recent years, been productive of many casualties.
The Board, despite repeated enquiries, has still been
unable to elicit from the Dominion Government any information as to their reasons for refusing to permit a private
company to construct and operate a line of telegraph connect-
mm 13
ing Victoria with Puget Sound, the want of which continues//
to be a source of annoyance, and occasionally of loss to our/|
mercantile community.
The Board has had occasion to bring under the notice of
the proper authorities, the excessive and unnecessary expenses
imposed upon shipping visiting the Port of Victoria, by reason
of the arbitrary action of Pilots in compelling Masters of
vessels to lighter a portion of their cargoes prior to entering
the Harbor. In the case of the British Barque "Kaisow," the
Board forcibly urged upon the Pilotage Commissioners the
necessity of closely investigating the matter, with the result
that the vessel's owners have been refunded the amount disbursed by them for lighterage.
The Board has continued to press the claims of the Port
upon the Federal Government, but the sum voted for the
needed improvements to the Harbor has proved utterly inadequate to the cost of the required work. The Outer Harbor
is, however, quite equal to all demands likely to be made
upon it, both as regards depth of water and wharfage facilities,
which are sufficient in all respects for the accommodation of vessels of the largest tonnage. Any further facilities which may
be required, can readily be provided. A plan of the Harbor has
been prepared for the Board, a copy of which has been forwarded to the High Commissioner for Canada in London at
his request.
In view of the apparent impossibility of obtaining from
the Dominion Government the required pecuniary assistance
to admit of the carrying out of sufficient improvements to the
Harbor, the Board inquired of the proper authorities at
Ottawa whether, and to what extent, the Government would
guarantee the interest on debentures were a Harbor Trust to
be formed for the purpose of acquiring the foreshore rights, 14
and of taking over, improving and maintaining the Harbor of
To this enquiry, which has recently been repeated, the
Government has, however, not deigned to vouchsafe any
reply,, beyond a bare acknowledgment of the communications.
Your committee cannot but call attention to the apparent:
apathy and scant courtesy with which this and other equally
important enquiries have been received by the Heads of
Departments at Ottawa. Copies of correspondence, &c,
relating to this matter will be found in the Appendices.
The new railway bridge, now in course of construction
across the Fraser River by the C P. R. Co., at St. Mary's
Mission, would, had the original design been adhered to, have
seriously interfered with the navigation of this important
waterway, and this Board, in conjunction with that of New
Westminster, brought the matter under the notice of the
Government, with the result that the width of the "draw" has
been increased so as to admit of the passage, without obstruction, of such vessels as ordinarily navigate the river.
The improvements to the channel at the mouth of the
river have produced very satisfactory results, and sea-p-oinsr
vessels of considerable draft can now safely ascend as far as
New Westminster, to the great benefit of that port, and of the
large and important district adjacent thereto.
Railroad construction.
Again the Parliamentary Session at Ottawa has terminated with but a very meagre appropriation having been made
for the purpose of .assisting in the promotion of Railroad Coti- -
struction in this Province. This is very much to be deplored,
as the development of many rich sections of country is thus
retarded. The projected Shuswap & Okanagan Railway,
especially would, if built, open up a most productive country,
which at present, being isolated from any market, is compara- ■ 15
tively valueless for settlement. It is to be hoped that with
the assistance of the subsidies secured from the Dominion
and Provincial Governments, the promoters may shortly find
themselves able to commence construction.
The construction of the projected railroad into the Cariboo country would also, for similar reasons, be a highly
desirable *work. Without it, the development of the rich
quartz ledges known to exist there must be indefinitely postponed. In the valley of the lower Fraser, the lines at present
in course of construction, viz: The New Westminster, &
Southern, and the extension of the C. P. R. R. southward to
connect with the Seattle & Lake Shore road, are already
affecting in a very favorable manner the condition of the
towns and settlements in that section of the Province.
The extension of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railroad
northward, referred to in the Board's last Annual Report,
although not yet commenced, cannot much longer be delayed,
as the growing importance of the section of country through
which the line is destined to pass, renders such extension
absolutely necessary, The opening of new coal mines in the
Comox district is a further argument in favor of the early
commencement of the work in question.
It is gratifying to record that during the last Session of
the Provincial Legislature, an Act was passed incorporating
the Canadian Western Central R. R. Co., to whom permission
has been granted to construct a line from the eastern boundary of British Columbia, to run through the Pejace River and
Cariboo districts, and terminating on the Pacific Seaboard at
or near Seymour Narrows, there to connect either by ferry
or otherwise with the Esquimalt & Nanaimo road, which will
be extended to that point as soon as occasion demands it.
The eastern end of the line will connect with the Manitoba railway system, and thus, afford a second means of direct
communication through British territory with the Atlantic
Seaboard. 16
The advantages to be derived by the Province in general,
and Vancouver Island in particular, from the consummation
of this scheme, are too apparent to call for any especial comment, and your committee entertains strong hopes that the
work will be commenced at an early date.
The usual statistical information furnished by* the Provincial Immigration Agent, Mr. John Jessop, will be found
embodied in the Appendices, to which reference is asked.
It will be observed that the influx of immigration into
the Province continues on the same satisfactory scale.
In the Appendices will also be found a scale of the wages
paid for skilled and unskilled labor, together with  other
information relating to the various trades and pursuits carried^
on in this Province.
At the request of the Japanese Consul at San Francisco,
the Board replied to sundry queries put to them by that;
official, relating to the possibility of an expansion of our trade
relations with those countries.    A copy of the Board's reply.:
to these queries will be found in the Appendices.
Salmon Fisheries.—As a result of a series of representations made by this Board and by the British Columbia
Canners' Association, the Dominion Government has, by an
Order in Council, amended the regulations relating: to salmon
fishing on this, coast, by placing a limit upon the number of
boats to be employed by Canneries on the Fraser River, viz n
350, in addition to which 100 "outside " or fishermen's licenses
are to be granted. The hours for fishing; and closing; during;
the fishing season are defined, as also the sizes of salmon net
meshes to be used.
The northern rivers are not included in the amended
regulations so far as regards the limitation as to number of
boats to be employed.
It remains-to be seen what may be the result of the new
regulations, and to what extent this important branch of our
fishery interests may benefit thereby. The Board has been
constant in its advocacy of a system which would extend
equal protection and encouragement to the different interests
involved, without, at the same time, suffering the rivers to be
over-fished and one of our chief sources of wealth thereby
It is to be hoped that the Honorable the Minister of
Fisheries may, acting upon the suggestions which have been
made to him, see fit, either personally or by deputy, to visit our
rivers during the fishing season, and thus to obtain a practical
knowledge of the operation of the new regulations.
Deep-sea Fisheries.—The continued postponement by
the Dominion Government of the promised survey, which it
was understood would be made for the purpose of locating
the position and ascertaining the extent of the various Cod
Banks which are known to exist off the Coast of Vancouver's
and Queen Charlotte's Islands, has had a depressing influence
upon this new branch of the fishing industry. Private individuals have however undertaken, to a certain extent, the
work which the Government had agreed to push forward, and
the result has amply demonstrated the fact that the cod banks
in question are very extensive, and the supply of fish practically unlimited. In addition to the Black Cod (Skil), Halibut
has been taken in large quantities.
In the absence, however, of a near market, the outlook
for the rapid development of this industry is not encouraging,
and it is earnestly to be hoped that the Dominion Government
may, in view of the great prospective value of our Sea Fisheries, endeavor to enter into such arrangements with the
Government of the United States as will admit of the free
interchange of all fishery products with that country, where
the demand is far in excess of what can be supplied from its
own resources. 18
It is worthy of note that a cargo of fresh. Halibut, taken
by an American schooner on the banks referred to, was shipped
East, and is reported to have been profitably disposed of in the
Chicago Market. Under existing circumstances it is impos-
sible to find a market for any such cargo taken by a Brihsk
Fur-Seal Fisheries.—It is much to be regretted that the
difficulties in connection with the Behring Sea seizures still
remain unadjusted, and this industry, pending the settlement
of the points at issue, can only be followed under conditions
of uncertainty and risk highly prejudicial to success.
In the Appendices will be found statistical information
relating to the past season's operations.
mining developments.
On Vancouver's Island, the opening of new coal mines in
the Comox District has been completed during the past year
and coal is now being shipped from that point.    The benefits
which will accrue to the adjacent agricultural districts will be'
On the Mainland, lack of means of communication and
transport continues to retard and restrict quartz mining oper-'
ations. In the Kootenay country, especially, this is very
apparent and not only conduces to the restriction of mining
developments but adversely affects the general trade of the
Province, inasmuch as the only existing lines of communication run through United States territory, thereby causing the;
trade of this important section to be controlled in Portland,
and other places outside of this Province. Your Committee;
would suggest that the earnest attention of the Provincial
Government be directed to this fact, and that the necessity be
pointed out of constructing roads and of otherwise taking
such steps as maybe deemed necessary with a view to opening,
up this promising 'district. 19
It was hoped that the establishing of smeltino- works at
Vancouver would have given some further impetus to quartz
mining throughout the Province, but thus far the operations
of the works in question have been merely of an experimental
character. Other smelting works, it is understood, are about
to be erected at Revelstoke, where, being in closer proximity
to the quartz ledges, they may, it is hoped, prove of greater
service in stimulating the development of this important
The large deposits of copper and iron ore in favorably
situated localities throughout the Province await development. Anthracite coal abounds in Queen Charlotte's Islands
and the process of smelting could be carried on at a low cost.
A market for the pig-iron, however, remains to be discovered;
another instance pointing to the advantages which might be
derived by this Province from reciprocity in raw products
with the United States.
At the instance of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, the desirability of advancing the duty on lead to $40
a ton, was considered by the Dominion Government, and this
Board was invited to give an expression of opinion" upon the
subject. It being ■ self-evident that any such enormous increase in the- cost of an article so essential to our salmon
canning industry, would be productive of the worst results,
and it being somewhat difficult to see how the imposition of
such a tax could possibly cheapen the cost of producing lead
for export to China and Japan, (as contended by the C. P.
R. Co.,) the Board strongly urged upon the Government the
advisability of not granting any such undue protection to
the Railway Company, at the expense of the Province. It
is satisfactory to learn that no- extra duty has been imposed.
Reference to the Appendices is requested for information as
to the arguments put forward by the C. P. R. Co. in favor of
the increase of duty. 20
It is gratifying to note that within the  period  under
review, considerable progress has  been made in  the development of our timber resources, and several large and wealthy"!
companies have been incorporated during the past year.    In
this article, also, reciprocity with the United States would be j
of incalculable benefit to this Province.
Steps have been taken by the United States Government
to have clearly defined the boundary dividing this Province?
from the neighboring Territory of Alaska, and it would be|
greatly in the interests of this country were the Dominions
Government to unite with that of the United States in having!
the matter definitely and permanently settled, thus avoiding!
the possibility of complications in the future.
In common with other kindred institutions throughout
the Country, this Board has been greatly disappointed at the
continued failure of the Dominion Government to terminate,^
by means of adequate legislation, the feeling of uncertainty:
and distrust which has prevailed for several years past, con-s
sequent upon the absence  of any law  providing for  the;
equitable distribution of the assets of insolvent debtors, and
the Board has been unremitting in its efforts to bring about
the necessary change.
The finances of the Institution, as set forth in the usual
Annual Accounts, copies of which are hereto appended, show
a satisfactory increase in the surplus for the past year, the
figures now standing as follows, viz:—
Cash in hand, in Savings' Bank $     92 94
Invested on Mortgage at 8 per cent   1,350 00
do do       at 9 per cent   1,300 00
Total $2 742 94 Ih
To which must be added :—
Outstanding Dues not collected (good). .. .$ 150 00
Furniture, Maps, etc., in Board Room  290 40
Interest not collected  57 00
Showing together aggregate assets possessed by
the Board of $3,240 34
As against $2,833.73 gross assets at date of last Annual
Report, being a margin for the year of $406.61.
Ten per cent, has been written off the cost of the furniture, maps, etc., as an allowance for depreciation.
In accordance with the suggestion made by your Audit
Committee last year, the securities belonging to the Board
have been submitted to the Board's Solicitor, by whose advice
they have been transferred to three trustees,, who were duly
elected at the general quarterly meeting held on 4 th January
last, the names of said trustees being Messrs. Robert Ward,
Thomas Earle and R. P. Rithet.
In submitting for the consideration and approval of members this brief resume of the proceedings of the Board during
the past twelve months, your committee can refer with
pleasure to the healthy condition of the trade of this Province
within that period.
The trade of Vancouver's Island especially exhibits a
marked and gratifying increase, and the port of Victoria fully
maintains its long established supremacy as the commercial
centre of the Province.
This improvement is largely due to the fact that the
country and its resources are becoming better known, consequent upon the greater facilities for travel and transport now
Your Committee would, however, direct attention to certain circumstances which tend to retard the development of 22
our resources, and in some cases practically prohibit the in-|
vestment of capital for that purpose. They may be brieflyi
enumerated as follows, viz.:—
1. The lack of sufficient unskilled labor at a moderate!
2. An unduly severe custom's tariff under which our foodj
supply, as well as the other necessaries of life, are so
heavily taxed as to prohibit the adoption of a scale of
wages approximating that   current elsewhere in the
3. The absence of a neighboring market for our products^
Although hardly coming within the scope of the duties!
imposed upon your committee to offer any suggestions as toj
the means of best meeting the difficulties which have thus!
arisen, they would still venture to recommend that the Boarof
continue to strongly represent in the proper quarter the dis-^
advantages to which this Province is, by reason of its isolated
position, subjected, as compared with the other component1
parts of the Dominion, and to press its claims to receive that
consideration which its vast natural wealth and varied resources entitle it to demand.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
We are, Gentlemen,
Your obedient servants,
ROBT. WARD, President.
THOS. EARLE, Vice-President,
W. MONTEITH, Secretary.
Hjjmpmiim 23
S2a.o-TO-iaa.g-   Fiaa.a.aa.cia.l   Tositioaa.   oaa.   the   30t3a.   T-u.aa.e,   1889.
Cash in Savings Bank $     38 28
Cash in hand per Account Current         54 66
    $     92 94
Funds invested on Mortgage at 8%    1,350 00
I 9%    1,300 00
       2,650 00
Dues not collected (good)  150 00
Furniture and Maps in Board Room.'       322 65
Less 10% allowance for depreciation         32 25
  290 40
Total Assets    -$3,183 34
Total Assets as above     $3,183 34
Add Interest on Mortgages due but not collected  57 00
Grand Total       3,240 34
Total Assets, per 30th June, 1888       2,833 73
Net gain for year        §406 61
Victoria, B. C, 30th June, 1889.
Secretary-Treasurer, 24 25
To the President and Members of the B._ G. Board of Trade :
Gentlemen,—We, the undersigned Audit Committee,
appointed by your Board to examine the Books of the Secretary-Treasurer, beg leave to report, that we have carefully
examined the Books and Vouchers, together with the account
in Savings Bank and Cash in hands of Secretary, and find the
same true and correct in every particular and the above statement is a synopsis of our labors.
We are pleased to inform the Board that the substantial
sum of S406.61 represents the net gain of Assets by the Board.
Your Committee also inform you that in accordance with
the recommendation of last year's Auditors, the surplus funds
have been further invested, and the Board has now the handsome sum of $2,650 invested on Mortgage, bearing one half
eight, the other nine per cent, per annum.
The suggestion made last year of submitting the Mortgages to your Solicitors has been carried out.
In conclusion, your Auditors think, in view of the large
sum accumulated and belonging to the Board, that the time
O        O
may now have arrived, when the Board should endeavor to
secure by purchase a piece of property which, on some future
date, may be improved and occupied by this Board.
All which is respectfully submitted.
H. F. HEISTERMAN, \     Audit
Victoria, B. C, July 4th, 1886. APPENDICES.
1. Annual Report Melbourne Chamber of Commerce, 1889.
2. Annual Report Board of Trade of Portland, Oregon, 1888.
3. Annual Report Board of Trade of Winnipeg, Man., 1884-1888.
4. By-Laws of Board of Trade of Winnipeg, Man., revised, 1888.
5. Annual Report of Sydney Chamber of Commerce, 1887-8.
6. Annual Report of Board of Trade of Port Arthur, 1888.
7. Report of Council of Royal Colonial Institute, 1889.
8. Annual Report London Chamber of Commerce, 1888.
9. A Concise History of Australian Settlement and Progress, 1888.
10. Annual Report of Department of Fisheries, Ottawa, 1888.
11. Report of Auditor-General, ,,
12. Report of Department of Inland Revenue, ,,
13. Report of Minister of Agriculture, „
14. Reporc of Minister of Railways and Canals, ,,
15. Report of Minister of Justice, ,,
16. Report of Secretary of State, ,,
17. Report of Minister of Public Works, „      1887-8.
18. Report of Department of Indian Affairs, ,,      1888.
18. Report of Department of Marine, ,,
19. Report of Department of Interior and Supp't,   ,,
20. Report of Department of Militia and Defence,   ,,
21. Report of Postmaster-General, ,,
22. Report on Canadian Archives, ,,
23. Report of Comm'r of N. W. Mounted Police,     „
24. Tables of Trade and Navigation, ,,
25. Annual Report Corporation of the City of Victoria,     ,,
26. Canal Statistics, Ottawa, 1888.
27. Reports on Steamboat Inspection, Harbor Commissioners, &c,
Ottawa, 1888.
28. Reports on Experimental Farms, 1888.
29. Report of High Commissioner for Canada, 1888.
30. Annual Report Adelaide Chamber of Commerce, 1889, 27
DUNSMUIR, 24th APRIL, 1889.
" The B. C. Board of Trade records with sincere regret the loss it
| has, in common with the community generally, sustained in the death
''of the Hon. Robt. Dunsmuir, which occurred on the 12th of April,
"inst., and at whose funeral the members of the Board attended in a
"body as a last tribute of respect to an old and esteemed fellow mem-
"ber. The deceased gentleman was largely iden-ified with many im-
" portant industries and enterprises, and to his sturdy personal energy,
"foiesight and largeheartedness the trade, commerce, manufactures and
" general prosperity of the country are largely indebted ; and this Board
" regards the loss sustained by the Province as incalculable.
" Be it therefore resolved, that this Board takes the opportunity of
" extending to his widow, as also to the other members of the deceased
ft gentleman's family, its deepest sympathy with them in their irrepar-
y able loss."
Resolution of B. C. Board of Trade, 26th February, 1889 :
'' Resolved,—That, as a resolution of the Legislature of British
" Columbia has been passed recommending that the steamers of the pro-
" posed China-Japan Mail line should call at Victoria to land mails, pass-
"engers and freight both on the outward and inward passages, the
"memorial of this Board to the Right Hon. Geo. Joachim Goschen,
| Chancellor of the Exchequer, dated 20th August, 1887, be transmitted
1 to the Provincial Government with the request that the same be for-
" warded with the memorial from the Legislative Assembly."
Minute of Council of British Columbia Board of Trade, re China-
Japan Mail Steamship Service :
The British Columbia Board of Trade fully confirm the points set
forth in their Petition to the Right Hon. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, dated 26th August, 1887, copy of which is attached hereto.
Battery "C" referred to in Clause 3 has since been established. 28
As an addition to Clause 4, the Board would point out that the Port
of Victoria holds 5»h position in the Dominion in regard to Us Imports, •
Exports and Revenue.
In confirmation of Clauses 8 and 9 it may be stated that Sir Arthur
Blackwood, of the General Post Office Department, has had, by a personal visit to this Province, ample opportunities of testing the accuracy
of the statements therein contained.
The Board would further point out as follows, viz. :
1. That Steamers calling at Victoria on outward passage could secure
the Mails, (of at least 24 hours later date than can be dispatched under I
existing circumstances,) from the Naval Authorities at Esquimalt and
Commercial Correspondence from Victoria and other points in Vancouver l
Island.    Also 10 hours later Cable and Telegraphic advices from all parts '
of the world.
2. That notwithstanding it has been urged that there would be of
necessity some delay occasioned by the Steamers calling at Victoria, such I
delay would be but brief—certainly not more than a few hours.    In the
opinion of the Board, the importance of Victoria as a commercial centre j
and (he Capital of the Province, and of Esquimalt as  Headquarters of .
H. M.'s Navy in the Pacific, should certainly constitute suflicieut reasons
for this port not being ignored by any Steamship line receiving an Im-J
perial Subsidy.
3. That a large number of incoming passengers,  destined for Victoria, travelling by this route, are put to great inconvenience and delayi
by reason of their being carried past their destination and then trans-1
ferred at Vancouver to coasting Steamers by which they are returned to
Vict ria.    Outgoing passengers from Victoria are compelled to proceed
by coasting Steamer to Vancouver and there embark on the China-Japan
Steamers in lieu of being permitted to join the vessels here.    The Steam- j
ers in question pass within a mile of the Port of Victoria.
4. Every needful facility in the way of wharf accommodation exists
and vessels calling can procure quick dispatch.    Should it be made a con-1
dition of the Mail Contract that the Steamers  shall  call here  outwards ■
and inwards, all necessary dockage accommodation will be guaranteed
and under no circumstances will communication by tug be considered a
sufficient substitute.
ROBT. WARD, President.
W. MONTEITH, Secretary.
Victoria, B. O, 6th December, 1888. 29
Letter from the British Columbia Board of Trade to the Right
Hon. the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
Victoria, 20th August, 1887.
Sir,—By direcion of the President and Council of the British Columbia Board of Trade, I have the ho'ior to transmit under separate
cover, a Petition addressed by the members of the Board to the Ri^ht.
Hon-, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, in reference to the subsidizing of
a line of Mail Steamers between this Province and China and Japan, and
the Board respec fully requests that you may be pleased to direct that
the Pe ition in question be duly forwarded to its destination.
I have i he honor, &c., &c.,
To The Right Hon.
Sir Henry Eolland,
Secretary of State for the Colonies,
London, S. W.
To   the   Right  Honorable   George  Joachim  Goschen,   Chancellor of the
Exchequer, Etc., Etc. ,
The Petition of the British Columbia Board of Trade of Victoria,
British Columbia, one ofthe Provinces of the Dominion of Canada, having special reference to the application of the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company for a Subsidy from the Imperial Government for a line of
Steamships . from Vancouver, the Terminus of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, to China and Japan.
Humbly Sheweth :
1. That the Town of Vancouver is not situated on Vancouver Island
as the name would indicate, but on the Mainland of British Columbia,
and is separated from Vancouver Island by the Gulf of Georgia, about
fifteen miles in width.
2. That Victoria, the Capital of British Columbia, is situated on
Vancouver Island, and with the Harbor of Esquimalt, which adjoins and
forms part of the Port of Victoria, is the first Port on British Territory
i> side the Straits of San Juan de Fuca.
3. That Esquimalt is the Naval Station for Her Majesty's Fleet on
the North Pacific, the site of the recently completed Graving Dock and
the proposed Government Fortifications, and in the immediate vicinity
of where Battery " C" is to be stationed by the Dominion Government. 30-
4. That Victoria since the first settlement of the country has been,
and still is, the principal commercial centre for the whole of British
Columbia, having regular communication with all other parts of the Province and daily communica ion by Steamer with Vancouver and the
United States of America.
5. That the direct commercial relations of Victoria with Great
Britain constitute a very large propor ion of the commerce of that Port
both in impor s and exports.
6. That the Port of Victoria is still deeply interested in continuing
its direct commercial relations with Great Bri ain, and, as the carrying
trade to and from Great Britain is principally via Cape Horn, it would
appear to be antagonistic to the interests of the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company that this connection should continue. For this and other
similar reasons the Canadian Pacific Railway Company have shown a
desire to ignore this Port.
7. That the Canadian Pacific Railway Company since establishing
this line of Steamers have so far refused to acknowledge the just claims
of this Port and Esquimalt, by declining to allow the said Steamers to
call at this Port to land and receive mails and passengers.
8. That the contention of the Railway Company that the transcontinental mails would be seriously delayed by the Steamer calling at this
Port is not correct, as the daily Steamer from Victoria makes close connections with the daily trains from Vancouver, and any mails, arriving
after the departure of the daily train are held for the following day.
9. That if the mails were landed at Victoria, those for the Naval
authorities and local districts would be distributed twenty-four hours
earlier, and transcontinental mails .would be forwarded by first daily
Steamer from Victoria, to connect with the first daily train from Vancouver, which would cause no detention whatever in their delivery at destination.
10. That the delay of the Steamers and expenses of calling at Victoria would be inconsiderable as the Steamers pass within a short distance-'
(not exceeding one mile) from this Port.
Your Petitioners Therefore Humbly Pray :
That before granting any subsidy to the line of Steamers referred to,
the Imperial Government will be pleased to make it a condition in the
contract that the Steamers shall call at Victoria both on 'he inward and
outward passage to land and receive mails, passengers and freight.
And your Petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray, <&c, 31
Signed on behalf of the members of the Board of Trade of British
Columbia, this 26th day of August, A. D. 1887.
ROBT.  WARD, President.
W.   MONTEITH,   Secretary.
Letter from Secretary to His Excellency the Governor-General
to British Columbia Board of Trade, 11th October, 1887.
Ottawa, 11th October, 1887.
Sir,—I am directed by His Excellency the Governor-General to forward to you the accompanying copy of a despatch addressed to him by
the Secretary of State for the Colonies, in reference to a Petition from
the members of the British Columbia Board of Trade on the question of
subsidizing a line of Mail Steamers between British Columbia, China and
The Petition, as you will learn from the despatch, has been duly
forwarded to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
I have the honor, &c., &c.,
(Signed),       HENRY STREATFIELD,
Gov.-General's Secretary.
The Secretary, B. C. Board oe Trade.
Sir Henry Holland to the Marquess of Lansdowne.
Downing Street, 22nd September, 1887.
My Lord,—I have the honor to inform you that I have received
from the British Columbia Board of Trade a letter dated Victoria 26th of
August, 1887, enclosing a Petition addressed by the members of the Board
to the Chancellor of the Exchequer upon the subject of the question of
subsidizing a line of Mail Steamers between British Columbia, China and
I request that you will inform the Secretary of the British Columbia
Board of Trade that this Petition has been duly forwarded to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
I have, &c,
Letter from Secretary of B. C. Board of Trade to the Hon. the
Minister of Public Works.
Victoria. 20th November, 1888.
Sir,—At a meeting of the Council of this Board held here yesterday
the following resolution was passed, viz.:
"That the Secretary be instructed to address a communication to
' the Hon. the Minister of Public Works asking him to be so good as to
' inform the Board whether in the event of it being considered advis-
' able to form a Harbor Trust for the Port of Victoria (including Esqui-
' malt), to what extent would the Dominion Government be willing to
' guarantee the interest upon debentures for the purpose of acquiring by
' purchase the foreshore rights, and for that of carrying out otherwise
' the object of the Trust."
I have the honor, &c.,
(Signed)       W.  MONTEITH,
To the Hon. Secretary.
The Minister of Public Works,
Letter from the Hon. the Minister of Public Works to the Secretary B. C. Board of Trade.
Ottawa, 30th November, 1888.
Sir,—I am directed by the Minister to acknowledge the receipt of
your communication, dated the 20th inst., enclosing copy of a resolution
adopted by Council of British Columbia Board of Trade with reference
co the formation of a Harbor Trust for Victoria, B. C., and the guarantee
by Government of a.portion of the interest on debentures.
I have the honor to be, &c.,
(Signed)       A. GOBEIL,
W. MONTEITH, Esq., Secretary. ,
Secretary B. C. Board of Trade,
Victoria, B. C.
Letter from the Secretary B. C. Board of Trade to the Hon. the
Minister of Public Works.
Victoria, 4th April, 1889.
Sib,—I am directed by the President and Council of the B. C. Board
|   of Trade to direct your attention to the communication which the Board
HffWP 33
had the honor of addressing to you on 20th November last, in reference
to the formation of a Harbor Trust for the Port of Victoria,   and to respectfully request the favor of a reply to the same.
I have the honor, &c.,
(Signed)       W. MONTEITH,
To the Hon. Secretary.
The Minister of Public Works,
Letter from the Hon. the Minister of Public Works to the Secretary B. C. Board of Trade.
Ottawa, 18th April, 1889.
Sir,—I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication dated the 4th inst., asking for a reply to your letter of 20th November last, with reference to the formation of a Harbor Trust for the
Port of Victoria, B. C.
I have the honor, &c.,
(Signed)       A. GOBEIL,
W. MONTEITH, Esq., Secretary.
Secretary B. C. Board of Trade,
Victoria, B. C.
APPENDIX  No.   5.
re immigration to british columbia.
Data furnished by John Jessop, Esq., Provincial Immigration Agent.
As there are no available methods of ascertaining the number  of
immigrants coming to this Province from time to time, any such computation can only be very vaguely approximate.
Estimated increase of whites and Chinese in the cities and districts
for the year ending 30th June, is about as follows : -
Vancouver  5,000
New Westminster and District  3,000
Victoria and adjacent Districts  1,500
Nanaimo, Wellington and District      750
Comox and Union Mines  1,000
Cowichan and other parts of Vancouver Island      500
Yale District, including Kamloops  1,000
Kootenay District      750
Total 13,500 34
Present Chinese population in the Province is not much over 9,000,
of whom 2,500 are in this city.
It is almost certain that the Dominion census of '91 will show a population of 100,000 exclusive of Indians and Chinese.    At the present time ■
the white population is probably between 75,000 and 80,000 ; divided as.
follows:—Vancouver Island and islands adjacent, nearly 30,000 ; Main-;
land, close upon 50,000.
Immigration Office,
Victoria, B. C, 3rd July, 1889.
re trade "with china and japan.
Memorandum of British Columbia Board of Trade.    (Replies to.
Queries put by Japanese Counsul at San Francisco.)
1. The present population of British Columbia is about 70,000 or
90,000, including. Indians and Chinese.
2. Present population of the City of Victoria about 15,000.
3. The principal industries of British Columbia are as follows, viz :
Salmon Canning, Fisheries of various descriptions,  Lumbering,   Stock j
Raising, Coal and Gold Mining, Iron Works, Ship Building, Tanning, ]j
Manufacture of Boots and Shoes, So/ip, etc.    The preparing of Opium is-^
largely carried on by Chinese.
4. The effect of the establishment of the Canadian Steamship Line
to China and Japan upon the industries of the Province is as yet imperceptible.
5. The outlook in a general way for trade with China and Japan is
favorable, but its growth does not promise to be rapid in view of close
competition with neighboring States, and the very limited market at
present offered by this Province.
6. The prospects of the Canadian Pacific Railroad as a competing!
transcontinental line for transportation of commodities from the Orient
to the Atlantic seaboard and Europe will depend entirely upon their rates;:
of freight as compared with those of other lines.    A large proportion of
British Columbia freight continues to be carried by foreign competing/
7. The class of people constituting the laboring element in British
Columbia,  is made up of Europeans of various nationalities (chiefly'
^British), Canadians and Chinese. 35
8. The laboring classes, with the exception of Chinese, consume
little produced in Oriental countries outside of tea.
9. Wages paid for skilled labor in British Columbia average about
$2.00 a day to white men and $1.25 to Chinese. A list of the principal
trades and pursuits, with corresponding wages is appended hereto. It
should be noted that there are many different degrees of skilled and unskilled labor employed in each of the several industries enumerated and
in some cases the labor employed is of a permanent, whilst in others it
is of an occasional character.
10. The prevailing sentiment of the people of British Columbia
with regard to Chinese labor is adverse in the case of the working classes
whilst the opposite feeling obtains on the part of employers of labor, who
experience great difficulty in obtaining suitable hands sufficient to enable
them to carry on their several industries upon a sufficiently economical
11. The number of Chinese in British Columbia may be roughly
estimated at from 8,000 to 12,000, employed chiefly as domestic servants,
operatives in factories and fish canning establishments, on steamboats, as
market gardeners, farm hands and wood cutters. Many are also employed in gold mining throughoutthe country, and a few are employed
in the coal mines. Occasionally large numbers are employed in railroad
construction, clearing and reclaiming land, etc. The merchant class is
also largely represented.
12. The wages paid Chinese house servants range from $15 to $30
a month. Those employed in stores receive about $30 or $35 a month.
White domestic servants are very scarce, in fact hardly to be found, and
the influx of Chinese, consequent upon hostile legislation, has almost
13. The cost of living in British Columbia is higher than in California, the country as yet not producing the necessaries of life in sufficient
quantities (due chiefly to the absence of cheap labor.)
14. Banking facilities are considerable and fully equal to the requirements of the country. American gold and silver coin and Canadian
silver constitute the currency of the country. Dominion Government
notes are also legal tender. Discount from time to time is charged upon
silver as necessity directs.
15. Rents of dwelling houses in Victoria range from $15 to $35 a
month and upwards. Rents of stores in central business localities range
from $35 to $100 a month and upwards. 36
Chartered Banks issuing
their own notes.
16.    Banks in Victoria are :—
Bank of British Columbia,
Bank of British North America, J
Messrs. Garesche, Green & Co.
Commission Houses trading with the Orient are :—
Messrs. Welch, Rithet & Co.
Messrs. Robert Ward & Co.
Messrs. Findlay, Durham & Brodie.
Messrs. Turner, Beeton & Co.
Messrs. J. H. Todd & Son.
S. J. Pitts, Esq.
Thomas Earle, Esq.
S. Leiser, Esq.
Rice Mills,  importing Rice from Orient,  Messrs.  Hall,
Ross & Co., owners, Victoria.
(Signed)       ROBT. WARD, President.
W. MONTEITH, Secretary.
Victoria, B. C, 1st March, 1889.
The following is a list of the principal trades and pursuits with corresponding wages :—
Farm laborers, per day, without board.. .$ 1.50 to $ 2.00
Farm laborers, per week, and board  6.00 " 7.50
Female farm servants and board IP month. 12.00 " 20.00
Masons, per day, without board  3.50 " 4.50
Carpenters  2.50 " 3.50
Lumbermen, per day  2.00 " 3.00
Shipwrights, per day  3.50 " 4.50
Smiths, per day  3.00 " 3.75
Wheelwrights, per day  3.50 " 4.00
Gardeners, per day, without board  2.00 " 2.50
Female domestics, per month  12.00 " 20.00
General Laborers, per day, without board. 1.00 " 1.50
Miners, per day  2.50 " 3.00
Millhands, per day  2.00 " 2.50
Engine Drivers, per day  3.50 " 4.00
Saddlers, per day  2.00 " 2.50
Bootmakers, per day  2.00 " 3.00
Tailors, per day  2.50 " 3.00
5!P 37
Resolutions Adopted by the Representatives of Salmon Canneries
Fraser River, and the Rivers on the Northwest Coast.
At a meeting held at the British Columbia Board of Trade Rooms,
Victoria, on Tuesday, 27th November, 1888, the following Proprietors
and Agents of Salmon Canneries being present, viz.:—
representing fraser river canneries.
Alexander Ewen of Ewen & Co.
James Laidlaw of Laidlaw & Co.
Thomas Ladner Wellington Packing Co.
E. A. Wadhams of Wadhams & Co.
J. H. Todd of J. H. Todd & Son.
D. J. Munn of Bon Accord Fishery Co.
H. E. Harlock of Harlock Packing Co.
M. T. Johnston of Findlay, Durham & Brodie.
R. P. Rithet of Welch, Rithet & Co.
Robert Ward of Robert Ward & Co.
representing canneries on the northwest coast of b. c.
S. A. Spencer of Alert Bay Canning Co.
Thomas Shotbolt.. 1 H        I ,     _ I
t,    .    ~ > of Rivers Inlet Canning Co.
±4. A. Draney J
Henry Saunders...) I__.   I      _      ,   _     _.
„,  „ _. \ of Windsor Cann'g Co., Skeena.
W. H. Dempster .. J
Robert Cunningham of Skeena Packing Co.
rof Inverness Can'g Co., Skeena.
J. H. Turner -! Also representing the Balmoral
I    Canning Co., Skeena.
A. J. McLellan Naas River, B. C.
Mr. Thomas Mowat, Inspector of Fisheries was also present.
On motion, Mr. Robert Ward was voted to the Chair, and Mr. E.
A. Wadhams was appointed Secretary.
The Chairman having stated that the object of the meeting was to
bring together the representatives of the leading industry of the Province, viz..- that of Salmon Canning, for the purpose of discussing the
Government Fishery Regulations as applicable to the different rivers on
which the industry is at present prosecuted. • 38
The Secretary read a draft of Proposed Fishery Regulations for the
Province of British Columbia as suggested by the Hon. The Minister ofl
Marine and Fisheries, together with amendments thereon as adopted byj
The Salmon Packers' Association of Fraser River, and the said amend!
ments having been duly considered by this meeting clause by clause, and]
fully discussed, it was
Resolved, That the suggested Fishery Regulations as amended by thin
meeting be approved, and that copies thereof be forwarded the Inspector
of Fisheries, our representatives in Parliament, the British ColuraTnB
Board of Trade and the New Westminster Board of Trade, with a request
for their support in urging upon the Hon. The Minister of Marine and
Fisheries, the adoption of the suggested Amended Fisheries Regulation™
Amended Fisheries Regidations suggested by the Representatives of SalmolM
Canneries in meeting assembled.
1. That Section 1, reading " The use of nets or other fishing apparatus for the capture of salmon shall be confined te the tidal waters as
defined by the Minister of Marine and Fisheries, or by any Fishery
Officer authorized to such effect ; and the Minister shall have power to
determine the length, depth, time and place of setting each net used in
such water : Provided always that Indians may, at any time, fish for orl
kill salmon for their own bona fide use and consumption, but not forpur-1
poses of sale or traffic by any means which may be approved by any
Fishery Officer, but not with drift-nets, seines or spears " be approved.
2. That section 2 be amended to read, " Meshes of drift-nets used
for capturing salmon shall be not less than 5£ inches in extension: Provided always that the Minister of Marine and Fisheries may order a
larger mesh to be used at such times and places as may be necessary for
the proper protection of the fisheries."
3. That section 3 be amended to read, '' Drifting with nets shall be
confined to tidal waters, and drift-nets shall not be so fished as to obstruct more than two-thirds of the width of any river."
4. That section 4 be amended so as to read, "Fishing for salmon
shall be discontinued from Saturday noon till 6 p. m. Sunday.
5. That section 5 reading " The Minister of Marine and Fisheries
shall from time to time determine the number of boats, seines or nets, or
other fishing apparatus to be used in any of the waters of British CohliDK
bia," be approved. 39
6. It is also recommended that "No nets with meshes of less extension than 7^ inches be used on Fraser River between the 25th of
August and the 15th of September ; and that there may be an annual
close season for rivers, throughout the Province, from the 20th of October till the 1st of February."
(Signed)       ROBERT WARD, Chairman.
I E. A. WADHAMS, Secretary.
The following Resolutions were also adopted, viz.:—
Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to consider and report upon
the labor question as affecting Cannery and other industries of the Province, said Committee to consist of Messrs. Ewen, McLellan, Ladner,
Laidlaw, Todd, Cunningham, Ward and Wadhams.
That the Committee appointed to consider the labor question be
requested also to report upon the best means desirable for exploring and
developing the Deep Sea Fisheries.
(Signed)        ROBERT WARD, Chairman.
E. A.  WADHAMS, Secretary.
Certified Copy of a Report of a Committee of the Honorable the
Privy Council, approved by His Excellency the Governor-
General in Council, on the 18th March, 1889.
On a report dated 27th February, 1889, from the Minister of
Marine and Fisheries stating with reference to the adoption of an- Order-
in-Council dated 26th November, 1888, relative to the British Columbia
Salmon Fisheries, that the regulations were prepared after resolutions
passed by the British Columbia Board of Trade, on the 22nd March,
1888, representing the necessity for additional protection. It was becoming yearly more apparent that the supply of salmon ©n the Fraser
River was threatened with exhaustion owing to over fishing, and it was
urged that more stringent regulations than those existing were needed in
order to preserve this great industry and avert dangers which now
threaten the Sacramento and Columbia Rivers. The Board also recommended that some restriction be placed on the export of fish.
The Minister further states that the present regulations were concurred in by the local Inspector of Fisheries, and since the enactment of
these regulations objections have  been urged by the Board of Trade 40
above referred to and by persons eugaged in canning on the Fraser River J
These objections may be stated as follows :—
1. Canners object to fixing the mesh of salmon nets at 6 inches,
and assert that this is too large for practical purposes, owing to the average small size of some species of salmon which enter the Fraser River,
and they claim that it should be fixed at 5| inches.
In connection with the above the Minister remarks that while to
some extent, admitting the force of this contention, he considers that
although a mesh of 6 inches may appear to be somewhat large for certain
kinds of salmon, this measure will be found too small for most kinds, and
will undoubtedly kill large numbers of undersized fish. It should also
be borne in mind that when wet the size of a net having meshes of fi
inches is practically reduced to 5j by shrinking, so that, under any cirJ
emu stances, the objection against a 6 inch mesh, which is in itself of
small importance, becomes in the present instance practically valueless. M
This regulation the Minister considers to be of great importance.
3. Objection is also taken to the regulation which provided that no
nets shall be used so as ta bar more than one-third of a river, and it is
claimed that such a provision is unnecessary, that fishing cannot be profitably carried on under it, as fish would have so much room to escape
that there would be no chance of catching any, and that one-third of the
river is sufficient for all practical purposes.
In answer to this objection the Minister remarks that, leaving two-
thirds of the channel of a stream opeu for the passage of fish is a wise
provision, as it gives the upper settlers a chance of taking a few for themselves, while it permits a reasonable number of salmon to reach their
spawning beds to procreate the species ; that such a provision has always
been on the Statute books, that it formed part of the British Columbia
Regulations of 1878, and that experience has proved everywhere iu England, as well as in this country, that it is necessary. This regulation whb
also approved by the local Inspector of Fisheries.
3. The regulation fixing a weekly close time from six o'clock on
Saturday morning till six o'clock on Monday morning is objected to by
the canners, and a return to the old system—from Saturday noon to
Sunday night—is demanded, the grounds taken being, that this weekly
close time is unnecessarily long, that it conduces to laziness, "ambling
and drunkenness, diminishes the profits of all parties, etc. etc. Finally
the canners claim that a weekly close time of thirty-six hours is ample to
allow immense numbers of salmon to ascend the rivers to spawn. 41
On this point the Minister observes that no general close season for
salmon exists in British Columbia as in the Maritime Provinces, that
fishing is carried on from February till November, and that the weekly
close time enacted by the Regulation of the 26th November, 1888, is the
only period during which salmon can avail themselves of a free passage
to resort to the upper portions of streams or visit the spawning beds for
the purpose of breeding.
In the Maritime Provinces salmon fishing does not last two full
months.    In addition to a weekly close time of thirty-six hours, there is
a compulsory close season of ten months when no fishing whatever can be
carried on, while in British Columbia, with no general close season at all,
jfishing is carried- on during eight months of the year.
The Minister in connection with the above remarks submits the following facts and data showing the dangers of over-fishing.
Much attention appears to have been given to the Columbia River
during the past two years by American citizens, in order to arrive at some
mode of fostering the salmon fisheries and to preserve this valuable industry. The pack which amounted to only 4,000 cases (of 4 doz. cans) in
1866, had grown to 629,000 in 1883, but although the number of fishermen, of fishing implements, and of canneries correspondingly increased
every year, the yield regularly fell since 1883, as shown by the following
figures :—
In 1883 the pack amounted to 629,000 cases.
Showing a decrease of nearly fifty per cent, due to over-fishing and want
of protection. At this rate one can foresee that in half a dozen years at
most the end of salmon fishing on the Columbia may be seen. American
canners are always seeking new fields in the distant and comparatively
untried fishing grounds of Alaska.
Two general causes tend to the extinction of salmon in a river, one
the fishing itself, and the other the effect of settlement upon the stream,
polluting it, disturbing it by vessels, and surrounding it with noise and
excitement. Columbia River is noted for the immense volume of its
flow, the great purity of its water, and its freedom from sedimentary
matters, the apparent cause for the extraordinary decline of the salmon
fishery has been over-fishing. 42
In a report presented by Major Jones, of the United States Army,
to the Senate, on the 26th January, 1888, it is recommended : " To pro-
" hibit all methods of fishing during two consecutive days of each week
"during the whole year, thus allowing more fish to reach the spawning
"grounds, at the same time keeping the market supplied with fresh sal-
" mon throughout th^ year."
Turning to Canada, the Minister observes that while there were only
three canneries in operation in 1876, the number increased to 15 in 1888,
and that the quantity of canned salmon represented by 9,847 cases in 1876
increased to 203,916 cases in 1887, an increase of 12 canneries and 194,-
069 cases in the quantity cf salmon canned. He also finds that while the
total pack of British Columbia salmon was 9,795,984 cans in 1887, that
for 1888 amounted only to 8,833,944, a decrease of 962,040 cans.
The Minister viewing these facts with alarm considers that he would
have been justified in ordering a strict enforcement of the regulations,
but having taken into consideration the fact that it might seriously interfere with previous arrangements as all canneries on the coast make their
cans in advance, and that unless they are filled they become a dead loss
owing to the corrosive influence of the climate on tins yielded to some
extent to the representations on behalf of canners, and directed the Inspector of Fisheries for the present season to allow the use of nets having a
mesh of 5| inches, with the proviso that a larger mesh was to be substituted at such time and places as he, the Inspector, might recommend..
Also that for the present season the weekly close time was to begin at
six o'clock on Saturday P. m., instead of a. m., no change to be made in
the regulation affecting the portion of river drift nets may occupy.
The Minister therefore recommends that such modification as mentioned above be adopted to hold good for the present season only, and
that notice be given to all that the Regulations of 26th November, 1888,
will be strictly enforced in 1890;
The Committee concurring, submit the above report and recommendation therein contained for your Excellency's approval.
(Signed)       JOHN J. McGEE,
Clerk, Privy Council.
43 44
B. Haigh & Sons	
John Adair & Co	
Laidlaw & Co	
British Union Packing Co.. 45
Extract from Report of Thos. Mowat, Esq., Inspector of Fisheries
for British Columbia.
re fur seal fisheries.
RfeTURN showing the Number of Vessels, Boats and Men engaged in the
Marine  Fur Fishery of British Columbia, with the Products and
"Value, for the Season of 1888.
Penelope J. J. Gray
Mary Ellen A. McLean	
Juanita Hall & Goepel
Mountain Chief IB. Jacobsen
San Jose |J. S. Lee
Sapuhire  E. B. Marvin
Viva Carne & Munsie.
Black Diamond Gutman & Frank
Mary Taylor J. D. Warren
Helcyon  American
Triumph D. McLean
O. S. Fowler Wm. Bend
Annie C. Moore Chas. Hackett
Rosey Olsen	
Maggie Mc	
Gutman & Frank.
Carne & Munsie..
F. Rutz :
Wm. Olsen	
Jas. LatHin	
John Podd	
Chas. Spring	
Estimate of skins purchased from Indians .
do.        sea-otter skins purchased from Indians...
do.        hair seals            do.                   do.
Schooner " O. S. Fowler," walrus skins	
do. do. 250 ivory at 40c	
Grand total marine furs and products
The decrease in the fur seal catch in Behring Sea is still more noticeable ; it was caused principally by the unsettled state of affairs with the
American Government, several of the schooners being afraid to enter
these waters at the risk of seasures.
A great deal has been written on the life and habits of the fur seal.
It is contended by some that all the fur seal in the North Pacific have
their rookeries on St. Paul and St. George Islands in Behring Sea.
Others claim that many of the fur seals of the Pacific never enter Behring
Sea, but pup on large kelp fields in the ocean and may perhaps have 46
regular hauling grounds outside of Behring Sea. Extracts from a circular of C. M. Lamsen & Co., of Loudon, England, will give the reader
some idea of where the fur seals are caught. From October, 1886, to
January, 1888, the following number of skins were sold :—
Seal Skins.
North-West Pacific Coast     43,687
Lobus Island     30,463
Alaska   204,033
Copper Island  100,880
Japan       9,856
Cape Horn       6,926
South Sea,  200
It has been estimated that 16,000,000 seals haul out annually on St.
Paul, and 3,000,000 on St. George Islands. The Commercial Alaska
Company controls these and other islands by lease from the American
and Russian Governments. I am of opinion, that many fur seal pup on
kelp fields along the British Columbia coast. 1 have had reliable information from practical hunters and fishermen, who bear me out on this
point. Morris Moss, of Victoria, states that during the year 1870, he
was engaged trading on the coast near Bella Bella during the months of
March and April, when he saw hundreds of fur seal pups from three to
five months old, which had become separated from their mothers, and on
account of a heavy storm were blown on shore, and caughtby the natives.
Captain Alexander McLean, of Victoria, states that he killed a number
of fur seal pups off Cape Cook, which had likewise been blown ashore
during a storm. James G. Swan's report for 1880 and 1883, goes to show
that the Indians of Cape Flattery capture fur seal pups each season, and-
keep them as pets around their camps. P is impossible that these pups
may have come from Behring Sea at that asje, as Mr. Elliott states they
do not leave the Islands before the month of November, and those that
Mr. Swan speaks of are caught early in the spring. The majority of our
hunters contend that there are over 7 per cent, of pups in the entire
catch of fur seals on the coast; while in Behring Sea the catch does not:
exceed 1 per cent. But they cannot deny the fact, that over 60 per cent,
of the entire catch of Behring Sea is made up of female seals. 47
Extract from Speech of Vice-President Van Horne, at Vancouver
February, 1889.
the chinarjapan trade.
Adverting to the Oriental trade the President observed that whilst it
was now a large one the aim was to make it far greater and of a positively
permanent character. It had been demonstrated to the Company that
the demand for lead in the tea and silk producing countries was practically unlimited. It was known that mountains in this province were
rich in lead and other quartz. It required a large outlay to develop the
mining industry. An effort had been made last year to induce the Government to advance the duty on lead to say f 40 per ton. This would be
regarded a sufficient protection to those who might be induced to engage
in the business of lead manufacturers. The Victoria Board of Trade opposed the advance in the duty, and as the Government was desirous of
obtaining more information on the subject it was left in abeyance. It was
felt, now, by the Government, that such a tariff was a necessity as a
stimulus to the development of this apparently insignificant but very important industry. The protection of §40 would be regarded by those
engaged in the business, as a bonus, and dozens of smelters would soon
be in operation all over the province. The cannery men would only be
effected in the extent of $600, whilst the output of the. mines and the
proceeds of the smelters would amount to many millions of dollars yearly. Further, the lead trade with the Orient would become an important
factor in the establishment of a steamship line between these countries
and this Province. Lead undoubtedly was one of British Columbia's
staples and was as much entitled to protection as was the coal of Nova
Scotia or the manufacturers and farmers of Ontario. Now that attention
was drawn to the subject it was hoped the people of British Columbia
will take action thereon. His company had sent out prospectors on its
own account to investigate and collect data as to the probable supply for
smelting purposes. They were experts ; each and all came back with the
same story : the mountains were loaded with the mineral and the supply
inexhaustible. With a view to meet any emergency which might arise in
this connection, preparations and explorations were now being made in
south-eastern British Columbia with a view to building a line of railway
into the Kootenay country, about which there could be no doubt as to its '
mineral capabilities. As every one in the Province was more or less interested in its mineral development he hoped that an agitation favoring
an advance on the duty on lead would be inaugurated. SHIPPING.
Port of Victoria, B. C.—Statement exhibiting the number of vessels, with their tonnage and crews, which arrived
at and departed from this Port (Seaward) during the Fiscal
year ended 30th June, 1889, distinguishing the countries to
which they belong, not including vessels trading between ports;
within the Dominion :
Under What Flag.                                 Numher. Tons. Crew.
British     59 16,783 707
United States  520 536,271 27,706
German       2 1,682 33
Norwegian-Swedish       1 1,122 18
Danish       1 194 8
Bolivian <       2 1,625 29
Total  585 557,678 28,501
Under What Flag.                                    Number. Tons. Crew.
British     67 17,848 989
United States  519 536,500 27,686
German       1 744 13
Danish       1 194 7
Bolivian       1 975 14
Total   589 556,261 28,709
Under What Flag.
British Steamers...
J 04 49
Under what Flag.                                   Number.              Tons. Crew.
British Sailing Vessels     48             13,366 543
59            16,784 707
Foreign Steamers  485           528,229 27,489
Foreign Sailing Vessels     31             12,665 305
Total Foreign     526           540,894 27,794
Total British and Foreign     585           557,678 28,501
Under What Flag.                                    Number.              Tons. Crew.
British Steamers       21               6,957 498
British Sailing Vessels       46             10,891 501
Total British       67             17,848 989
Foreign Steamers     498           532,432 27,553
Foreign Sailing Vessels       24              5,971 167
Total Foreign     522           538,412 27,720
Total British and Foreign     589           556,251 28,709
Port of Victoria, B. C.—Annual return, showing the
description, number and tonnage of vessels built and registered ; also the number, tonnage and value of vessels sold to
other countries at this Port, during the fiscal year ended 30th
June, 1889 :—
Built. Registered.
Class of Vessel.                                              No.      Tonnage. No.   Tonnage.
Steamers (Screw)  2         34.00 1         0 62
Steamers (Sternwheel)  1         23.21 ..
Total Steamers  3         57.21 1     62/100
Schooners   1         46.31 1       25.03
Total Sailing Vessels   1         46.31 1       25.03
Grand Total  4       103.52 2       25.65 50
Port of Victoria, B. C.—Statement of vessels, British!
Foreign and Canadian, entered inward (from sea), at this Porfl
during- the fiscal year ending1 30th June, 1889 :—
No. of         Tons *Tons
From—                                                  Vessels. Registered. Freight. CrewJ
United Kiugdom  9         7,433 11,312 168j
United States  1         1,267 20 25 j
China  2             762 580 41
Siam  2         1,376 2,090 27
Total 14       10,838       14,002        26]|
No. of          Tons "Tons
From—                                               Vessels.   Registered. Freight. Crew.J
United Kingdom     1             744 1,119 12
United States 385     380,280 21,118 20,804
China     1            194 360 81
Total 287     371,200       22,597   20,829,
•Weight Measurement. '^M
No. of           Tons "Tons
From—                                               Vessels.   Registered. Freight. Crew, a
United States     4            223 62 22
Sea Fisheries  26         1,761 85 2531
Total  30 1,984 147 275|
*Weight Measurement.
No. of Tons
From—                                                      Vessels. Registered. Crew,!
United States     2 1,638                55
Japan     1 66                  7
Total     3 1,704 42
No. of Tons
From—                                                      Vessels. Registered. Crew.jl
United States     130 156,761 6,852
OMna     i 895                 12 51
No. Of
No. of
'   Total	
United States	
Sandwich Islands. . . .
....    1
Quantity of Freight.
Quantity of Freight.
Tons Tons Tons
No. of
Under What Flag.   Vessels.
British   14
F' reign 387
Canadian  30
Total 431
No. of
Under What Flag.   Vessels.
British     3
Foreign 139
Canadian  12
Total 154
Grand Total 585
Port of Victoria, B. C—Statement of vessels, British
Canadian and Foreign, entered outwards for sea, at this Port
during the fiscal year ending 30th June, 1889 :
1 704
2 258
<\. 52
Tons Cargo
No. of            Tons Weight and
Destination -                             Vessels.     Registered. Measurement.
United Kingdom     3             2,371 2,928
United States     1                768 464
Australia     1                 201 350
Total    5             3,340 3,742
United States  86         133,867 1,638
Total  86         133,867 1,638
No. of ,Tons
Destination—                                                Vessels. Registered.
United States   13 8,082
Japan     3 2,487
To Sea Fisheries ,     1 50
•   Total  17 10,619
United States   19 2,334
To Sea Fisheries   26 1,555
Total  45 3,889
United States 433 404,372
To Sea Fisheries     3 174
Total 436 404,546
No. of              Tons Tons
Under What Flag.                     Vessels.       Registered.      Freight.
British     5             3,340 3,742
Foreign  86         133,867 1,638
Total   91          137,207 5,380
6,073: Ito
No. of
Under what Flag.
i British	
1 Foreign	
Grand Total	
Total Steamers 738
Sailing Vessels—Schooners	
Total Sailing Vessels  69
Grand Total. 807
Port of Victoria, B. C.—Statement of vessels, British
and Foreign employed in the Coasting Trade of the Dominion
of Canada which arrived at or departed from this Port during
the fiscal year ending 30th June, 1889 :
Steamers—Screw 371
Paddle 310
Stern wheel  59
Total Steamers 740
Sailing Vessels—Schooners  32
Sloops  37
Total Sailing Vessels   69
Grand Total 809
Steamers—Screw 369
Paddle 310
Stern wheel  59
11,827 54
No. of Vessels.
Arrived—British 808
Total 808
Departed—British 807
Total 607
Grand Total Arrived and Departed 1,616
Exports from the Port of Victoria, B. C, for the Fisca
year ending 30th June, 1889 :
Gold in Dust aud Bars $   488,746.00
Coal  2,790.00
Sand  17.00
Total the Mine     $   491,553.00
Animals and their produce.
Agricul ural	
Miscellaneous :..
Goods the produce of B. C     $1,887,381.00
Goods not the produce of B. C  58,805.00
Grand Total     $1,946,186.00
Exports from Port of Nanaimo, B. C, for the Fiscal year
ending 30th June, 1889:
Produce of the Mines (Coal) $1,791,624.00
»     (Iron Ore)        35,920.00
I       '   Forest        23,875.00
Total Exports $1,851,419.00
Exports from the Port of New Westminster, B. C, for
the year ending June 30th, 1889 :
Value..  $46,388.00
2,466.00 56
Exports from the Port of Victoria, B. C, for the FiscM
year ending 30th June, 1889:
Countries Exported To —
. $   886,792 00 Salmon, Furs, &c.
887,221 00 Gold Dust, Fish, Hides
United Kingdom ....
United States	
Australia      158,515 00.
Sandwich Islands....
Buenos Ayres	
.Sal ni'
355 00 Salmon pickled.
1,860 00 Salmon canned.
2,750 00 Furs, &c.
8,693 00 Opium, Shells, CurijjH
  Personal Effects.
$1,946,186 00
Statement of Exports at the Port of Vancouver, B. C.I
for the year ending June 30th, 1889 :
Produce of the Mines $ 57,181.0(1
Fisheries ;  5,620.001
Forest  388,090.00"
Animals and their produce  18,819.00
Agricultural Products  2,338.00
Manufacures .. .•  44,038.00|
Miscellaneous  550.00
1888 $553,539.00
1889  516,636.00
Decrease $ 36,903.00
Coal and Iron Ore Shipments from Nanaimo, B. C, foil
the Fiscal year ending 30th June, 1889 :
United States  440,211       $1,760,844.00
Sandwich Islands       4,345 17,380.00
Japan       1,000 4,000.00
Mexico       2,350 9,400.00
Total Coal  447,906       $1,791,624.00
Iron Ore to U. S. A     16,060 35,920.0$
Total, the Mine $1,827,644.00 57
Exports, the produce of Canada, from the Province of
British Columbia, for 17 years, ending 30th June, 1888:	
Animals and   Agrio'l Miseel-
Year.  The Mine.    Fisheries.    Forest, their Produce Produce laneous      Total.
1872 $1,389,585 $ 37,706 $214,377 $214,700 $   142 $1,540 $1,858,050
1883   1,224,362      43,361    211,026   259,292    2,885   1,197 1,742,123
1874 1,351,145   114,118   260,116   320,625    5,296      443 2,051,743
1875 1,929,294    133,986    292,468   411,810    9,727       2,777,285
1876 2,032,139     71,338    273,430   329,027    3,080        68 2,709,082
1877 1,708,848    105,603   287,042   240,893    3,083   1,500 2,346,969
1878 1,759,171   423,840   327,360   257,314       462       2,768,147
1879 1,530,812    633,493   273,366   268,671    2,505        57 2,708,848
1880 1,664,626   317,410   258,804   339,218    3,843      100 2,584,001
1881 1,317,079   400,984    172,647   350,474       248        22 2,231,554
1882 1,437,072   976,903   362,875   300,429       946   2,616 3,080,841
1883 1,309,6461,332,385   407,624   287,394    6,791      443 3,345,263
1884 1,441,052   899,371    458,365   271,796    1,745   1,413 3,100,404
1885 1,759,512   727,672    262,071   414,364    2,324   5,948 3,172,391
1886 1,720,335   643,052    194,488   329,248    1,907    2,811 2,891,811
1887 1,832,827   910,559    235,913   380,126 10,265   1,911 3,371,601
1888 1,889,8051,164,019   441,957   318,839 27,631 85,826 3,928,077
Imports into the Port of Victoria, B. C, for the Fiscal
year ending 30th June, 1889 :
Total Imports. Entered for Consumption.
Value. Value.           Duty Received.
Dutiable Goods $2,267,508.00 $2,218,902.00       $789,158.83
Free Goods      574,626.00 574,626.00
Leaf Tobacco for Excise.       19,258.00 19,259.00
Coin and Bullion             411.00 411.00
Total Free      594,295.00 594,296.00                      ||
Grand Total $2,862,803.00 $2,913,198.00       $789,158.83 58
Imports into the Port of New Westminster, B. C, for tbjfl
year ending June 30th, 1889 :
J                                                                                         Value. Duty.J
Quarter ending September 30th, 1888 $ 31,806.00 $ 7,610.5$H
December  31st,    j*        36,154.00 7,326.45|
March         31st,    "        34,626.00 7.911.67]
"       "      June          30th,    "        29,467.00 8,450.81 i
1132.053.00       $31,299.52
Imports into the Port of Nanaimo, B. C, for the FiscM
year ending 30th June, 1889 :
Value of Dutiable Goo 5s imported $244,150,001
"     Free      56,866.001
Total value of Imports.
.$301,016. og
Duty collected         $ 60,440.36 j
Statement of Imports at the Port of Vancouver, B. C.a
for year ending June 30th, 1889 :
Value of Imports $443,937.09
Total Duties collected on Goods Imported     93.770.5S
" Chinamen     37,367.ojH
Minor Revenues       3,541.59
Total Duties collected.
Increase $ 71,673.10
Imports into the Province of British Columbia, for t In-
year ending 30th June, 1888 :
..$2,782,738 00
727,213 00
Entered for Consumption.
Value. Duty received.
$2 574,941 00 $861,466 14
729.266 00
Total $3,609 961 00 s.i, 404,207 00 $861,456 1€ Imports into the Province of British Columbia for 17
years ending 30th June, 1888 :—
Value of
Total        Dutiable
Imports.       6oods
To 30th June, 1872	
51,790,352 00
From Canada	
22,215 00
To 30th June, 1873	
2,191,011 00
From Canada	
75,604 00
To 30th June, 1874	
2,085,560 00
From Canada	
66,104 00
To 30th June, 1875	
2,543,552 00
From Canada	
117,654 00
To 30th June, 1876	
2,997,597 00
From Canada	
129,735 00
To 30th June, 1877	
2,220,968 00
From Canada	
163,142 00
To 30th June, 1878	
2,244,503 00
From Canada	
144,754 00
To 30th June, 1879	
2,440,781 00
From Canada	
184,951 00
•To 30th June, 1880	
1,689,394 00
From Canada	
208,072 00
To 30th June, 1881	
2,489,643 00
From Canada	
387,111 00
To 30th June, 1882	
2,S*99,223 00
From Canada	
449,768 00
To 30th June, 1883	
3,937,536 00
From Canada	
624,207 00
To 30th June, 1884	
4,'42,286 00
From Canada	
789,287 00
To 30th June, 1885	
4,089,492 00
From Canada	
927,054 00
To 30th June, 1886	
3,953,299 00
To 30th June, 1887	
3.547,852 00
To 30th June, 1888	
3,509,951 00
Duties paid by the Province of British Columbia
18 years, ending 30th June, 1889 :
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1872
Duties collected for year ending 10th June, 1873
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1874
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1875
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1876
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1877
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1878
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1879
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1880
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1881
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1882.
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1883.
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1884.
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 188
Duties colleeted for year ending 30th June, 1886.
Duties oollected for year ending 3'th June, 1887
Duties colleeted for year ending 30th June, 188S	
Duties collected for year ending 30th June, 1889     !
$11  BY-LAWS
British Columbia Board of Tr^de,
AS AMENDED TO 30th JUNE, 1888.
I. The Annual General Meeting of Members of the "B. C. Board
of Trade" shall be held on the 1st Friday in July at 3 v. M. The regular
Quarterly Meetings of the Board shall be held at the same hour on the
1st Friday of months of January, April, July and October each year>
and at the time prescribed for the Annual General Meeting. Should the
day of Meeting, either Annual or Quarterly, fall on a legal holiday, the
Meeting shall be held the following day.
II. At any General Meeting seven members present in person shall
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. At Council Meetings five shall form a quorum (including the President, Vice-President
or Member elected to act as Chairman). Should a quorum not be formed
by 3:30 on any occasion the Meeting shall stand adjourned for one week.
III. The place of meeting shall be arranged from time to time by
the Council, and mentioned in the Notices calling each Meeting until
such time as a regular place of Meeting shall have been determined by
the Council.
Reading Minutes of last Meeting.
Reports and Communications.
Elections to fill Vacancies.
Nomination and Election of new Members.
Unfinished business.
Miscellaneous business.
IV. 62
V. At the regular Quarterly Meeting held in April of each year the
President shall appoint a Committee of three to audit the books and!
accounts of   the  Secretary-Treasurer  for presentation  at the  Annual!
General Meeting.
VI. All motions, except those  for previous questions, postponement or adjournment, shall be made in wiiting ; and no debate shall be
permitted,  except on a motion regularly moved and seconded ;   everyj
motion ma e in wri ing shall be read by the proposer in his place previous to offering it to the President.
(a.) No Member shall speak twice on the same subject except by
permission or by way of explanation.
(b.) A Member may call for the division on any motion, should any
doubt exist as to the ruling of the President.
VII. Notice to amend any By-Laws or to introduce a new one shall
be made in writing at the regular Quarterly Meeting next previous to
the one at which it is intended to be considered. Any such notice as
aforesaid must contain in full " the wording of the proposed amendment
or addition."
VIII. (a.) The annual subscription of Members shall be twelve
dollars, payable by quarterly instalments of $3.00 in advance, to the
Secretary at the office of the Council of the Board of Trade.
(b.)   Members in arrears for three months shall be deemed delin- ;
quent and their names shall be posted up in the office of the " Board of
Trade" for one month, and the Secretary shall notify them to that effect.
After thirty days from the date of such notice and posting their names
shall be liable to be removed from the " List of Members."
(c.) A list of delinquent Members (if any) shall be read at each
Quarterly Meeting, and their names duly entered on the minutes of said
IX. (1.) Before any arbitration can be entered upon the parties
shall execute a bond of submission as provided by State hereinbefore
(2.) 1 n case of arbitration the Arbitrators shall be selected from the
"Board of Arbitration " as follows : Each party shall choose one arbitrator and the third arbitrator shall be drawn by lot, from the remai der
of said  Board,  by the Secretary of the Board in the presence of the 63
parties, unless a third shall have been agreed upon or chosen by the
arbitrators within three days after the submission of the parties.
(3.) The three Arbitrators shall sit together unless 'he parties shall
consent to the matter being heard by one or t*o Arbitrators alone.
(4.) The decision of the majority of the Arbitrators, when more
than two sit, shall be final, and binding o'i both parties.
(5.)    The fees for arbitration shall be as follows:
(a.) For every meeting where the cause is proceeded with, but an
enlargement or postponement is made at the request of  either party,
not less than $ 5.00
Nor more than   10.00
(b.)   For every day's sitting, to consist of no less than five hours 10.00
(c.) For exery sitting not extending to five hours (fractional parts
of hours being excluded) where the atbitration is actually proceeded
with,—for each hour occupied in such proceedings, at the rate of. .$ 2.00
(d.) Preparing forms of Submission Bond and forms of oath (to
litigants not being Members of the Board $5.00 per set, said fee to be
•applied to the funds of the Board.
(6.) If any arbitrator who has been duly selected (in manner aforesaid) to act, refuses or neglects to attend such' arbitraion, he shall be
liable to pay to the Secretary of said Board a fine of $5.00 for each and
every day on which he neglects to attend such arbitration unless relieved
by the Council. All fines inflicted as aforesaid to form part of the
revenue of the Board of Trade.
X. (1.) At all meetings of the Board no Member shall be entitled
to vote who has not paid all dues belonging to him.
(2.) Members in good standing shall be entitled to hold two proxies,
and no more, for the purpose of voting at any meeting.
(3.) All proxies must be in writing and shall be deposited with the
Secretary on or before the day of the meeting, and may be either Special
or General.
XL (1.) Any member who is declared an insolvent shall thereby
be considered as retiring from the Board but shall be entitled to be
nominated for re election at any time.
(2.) Any member can be expelled by the vote of three-fourths of
the members present at any meeting specially called for the purpose, at
which not less tbau one-half (I) of the whole, number. of members are
present either in person or represented by their proxies. 64
On  and after  the  first day of January, 188G, any person
desirous  of joining the Board of Trade shall pay an entrance fee of
twenty dollars ($20.00) in addition to his annual subscription.
X1I1.    Officers, Council and Arbitration Board shall be elected by
Whenever no special agreement   exists,   the   following   shall   be
collectable :
1. On purchase of stocks, bonds, and all kinds of securities,
including the drawing of bills for payment of the same. 2£ per cent.
2. On sale of stocks, bonds, and all kinds of securities, in
cluding remittances in bills and guarantee 2£ per cent. •
3. On purchase and sale of specie, gold dust and bullion..  1 per cent.
4. On sale of bills of exchange, with endorsement 3^ per cent.
5. On sale of bills of exchange, with endorsement  1 per cent.
6. For endorsing bills of exchange, when desired 2^ per cent.
7. On sale of produce, &c, from California, Oregon, Wash
ington Territory,   Sandwich Island ports and other
Pacific Coast ports, with guarantee 7£ per cent.
8. On sale of merchandise from other ports, with guarantee. 10 per cent.
9. On goods received  on   consignment   and   afterwards
withdrawn 3£ per cent.
10. On purchase and shipment of merchandise, with funds
on hand, on cost and charges  5 per cent.
11. On  purchase,   and  shipments of merchandise without
funds, and cost and charges 7-t per cent.
12. Forcollectingandremittingdelayedormitigatedaccounts.10 per cent.
13. For collecting freight by vessels from foreign ports, on
amount collected   5 per cent.
14. For collecting general claims  5 per cent.
15. For collecting general average,—on the first $20,000 or
any smaller amount   5 per ceut.
16. For collecting  general average,—on  any excess over
$20,000 2^ per cent.
17-    On purchase or sale of vessels  2 per cent.
mmmfl 18.
For " Port Agency " to vessels with cargo or passengers from foreign
ports, as under : ,
On vessels under 200 tons register $ 50.00
On vessels of 200 to 300 tons register   100.00
On vessels of 300 to 500 tons register   150.00
On vessels over 500 tons  200.00
For disbursements of vessels by consignees with funds
on hand 2^ per cent.
For disbursements of vessels by consignees without
funds on hand  5 per cent.
For procuring freight or passengers  5 per cent.
For chartering vessels, on amount of freight, actual or
estimated, to be considered as due when the " Charter
Parties " or memorandum of their conditions, &c,
are signed  5 per cent,
On giving Bonds for vessels under attachment in litigated
cases, on amount of the liability 2^ per cent.
For landing and reshipping goods from vessels in distress, on invoice value, or in its absence, on market
value   5 per cent.
For receiving and forwarding goods,—on invoice amount. 2^ per cent.
For advancing on freight to be earned  5 per cent.
For effecting marine insurance,—on the amount insured \ per cent.
The foregoing Commissions to be exclusive of Brokerage, and every
charge actually incurred.
Vessels to pay clerk hire and the labor on the wharf, sorting and
delivering cargo.
The receipt of Bills of Lading to be considered equivalent to receipt
of the goods.
XIV. On measurement goods 50 cents per ton of forty cubic feet
(40 c. ft.) On heavy goods 50 cents per ton of 2240 lbs. Or in either
case the amount actually paid if more. The consignee to have the option
of charging by measurement or weight.
Any fraction of a month to be charged as a month.
XV. (a.) Concerning the delivery of merchandise, payment of
freight, &c: When no express stipulation exists per bill of lading,
goods are to be considered as deliverable on shore, 66
(b.)   Freight on all goods to be paid, or secured to the satisfaction
of the captain or consignee of the vessd prior to the delivery of the goods, j
(c.)    After delivery to the purchaser of goods sold no claims for
damage, deficiency, or other cause, shall be admissable after goods soldj
and delivered have once left the City.
(d.)   When foreign bills of lading expressly stipulate that the freight
shall  be  paid  in a specific coin,  then the same must be  procured -Hi
required, or its equivalent given,—the rate to be determined by the cur-;
rent value at the time at the Banks.
I. The  proprietor  or occupant of   the  adjoining   property   may
" overlap " by using the outer berth, or may use the inner berth if not J
II. The proprietor or occupant of the adjoining property may
"overlap" by using the outer berth, or may use the inner berth if not
III. Not more than two vessels shall be allowed to lie abreast of
any wharf at the same time unless they can do so without occupying a i
greater depth (or space) than 60 feet from the water front.
The foregoing By-Laws, Rules and Regulations were submitted  to
and approved by the members present at the Quarterly General Meeting!
of the British Columbia Board of Trade held on the 2nd of October, and?
finally adopted at an adjourned General Meeting on the 8th October, A. |
D. 1879.
Ports of Victoria and Esquimalt, British Columbia.
Vessels bound to other Ports, coming to an anchor in Royal Roads,
Pilotage free,  except services of Pilot are employed,  when Pilotastfl
according to the following graduated scale shall be payable :—
Inside or North of Race Rocks to Royal Bay $0 75 per foot.;
Beachy Head to Royal Bay   1 50      "
Pillar Point to Royal Bay   3 00      "
Cape Flattery to Royal Bay   6 00       "
Vessels entering into or clearing from undermentioned Ports :—
Esquimalt Harbor (under sail) $4 00 per foot.
do. (under steam or in tow)   3 00
Victoria Harbor (under sail) 4 00       "
do.        (under steam or in tow).  3 00       " 67
Vessels proceeding from Victoria to Esquimalt, and vice versa, and
having discharged or received a portion of their cargo in either Harbor,
and having paid full Pilotage into either Harbor, if proceeding with the
assistance of steam, shall pay $1.50 per foot.
Towage from Royal Roads or Esquimalt to Victoria Harbor, from
$50.00 to $75.00.
Towage from Victoria, Esquimalt Harbor, or Royal Roads, to Sea,
outside Cape Flattery, from $100.00 to $150.00.
Towage from Victoria and Esquimalt Harbor, or Royal Roads, to
Burrard Inlet or Nanaimo and back :—
For vessels 400 tons and up to 500 tons $350 00
"           500 I 600 "     400 00
"           600 £ 700 "     425 00
700 I 800 "     450 00
800 1 900 "     475 00
900 I 1000 I     525 00
1000 I 1100 I     550 00
1100 | 1200 I     575 00
Over 1200 "                               600 00
One Whistle, Trim Yards.
Two        B       Set Fore and Aft Sails.
Three     B       Square Sails.
Four       "      Let go Hawser.
Ships to supply their own Hawser.
Ballast (Shingle)—From $1.00 to $1.25 per ton.
Fresh Water (at Esquimalt)—$1.00 per 1,000 gallons.
Hospital Dues—2 cents per ton register. Sick Mariners are provided
with Medical Attendance and Board, Free of Charge, at the
Government Marine Hospital, Victoria.
Stevedore Charges—For Stowing Salmon, 50 cents per ton weight of
2,240 lbs.
For Stowing Lumber, from $1.25 to $1.50 per mille feet.
For Discharging General Cargo, 50 cents per ton of 2,240 lbs.
Ballast to be discharged in not less than 20 fathoms of water. This
applies also to the Harbors of Nanaimo and Burrard Inlet, B. C.


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