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Proceedings of the fourteenth annual session of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia of the Independent… Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Grand Lodge of British Columbia 1888

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PROCEEDINGS 
OF THE 
FOURTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION 


OF THE
GRAND LODGE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA 





OF THE 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows,
HELD AT

New Westminster, 
8th 9tk and 10th February, 1888.
VICTORIA:
MUNROE MILLER, PRINTER AJSD BOOKBINDER,
1888.  PROCEEDINGS
OF THE
FOURTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION
OF THE
Grand Lodge of British Columbia
OF  THE
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
HELD AT
New Westminster,
8th 9th and 10th February, 18
VICTORIA:
MUNROE MILLER, PRINTER AND BOOKBINDER,
1888.  PROCEEDINGS
OF THE
Grand Lodge of British Columbia, 1.0.0. F.
FOURTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION.
Hall of New WssriaiistEB to£>GE, No. 3/
New Westminster, B. O.,
8th February, 1888.
The Grand Lodg^e assembled on £he above date at three
o'clock p. m., pursuant to notice.
Present I—
f J. Davies «  .Grand Master.
J- H. Meldram i * Deputy Grand Master.
R. Scott Grand Warden.
P. J^avey Grand Secretary.
H. Hpy. • .......... 4 .Grand Marshal.
9. T< Mackintosh ,.. Act'gGrand Guardian.
J. E. Phillips (No. 4) Actfg Grand Herald,
F. Carne, P. G. M..., Act'g Grand Chaplain*
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Marshal examined those present^ and announced
all duly qualified.
The Grand Chaplain invoked the Divine blessing.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge open
for business. 563
The following Committee on Credentials was appointed :
Kep. Came, F. G. M.? No. 1; Kep. Fawcett, No. 2; Rep.
Scoullar, No. 3; Eep. Phillips, No. 4; Kep. Scott, No. 6;
and Kep. Henderson, No. 7.
Report read from Committee on Credentials.
New Westminster, B. C, 8th February, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia I. 0. 0. F.:
Tour Committee on Credentials beg to report that we have examined the certificates, and find the following accredited as Eepresentatives to this Grand Lodge :—
FROM VICTORIA LODGE, No. 1.
T. R. Mitchell,
R. Mcintosh,
J. Dixon,
W. H. Huxtable,
F. Carne,
W. Templeman.
F. Davey,
W. H. Flewia,
A, Phillips,
C. Haywaid,
D. Dale,
W. Steele,
W. E. Holmes,
J. G. Taylor,
G. Williams,
F. Page,
FROM COLUMBIA LODGE, No. 2.
J. Fell,-
J. Sears,
W. J. Pendray,
M. Baker,
R. W Fawcett,
G. H. Maynard,
J. Pope,
W. Croft,
J. H. Meldram,
M. Young,
W. H. Mixer,
H. Waller,
F. Norris,
P. W. Dempster,
FROM NEW WESTMINSTER LODGE, No. 3.
E. S. Scoullar,
S. T. Mackintosh,
H. Elliott,
C. R. Monck.
B. W. Shiles,
P. J. Foulds,
G. Turner,
W. McColl,
J. E. PhiUips,
H. Hoy,
FROM DOMINION LODGE, No. 4.
W. D. McKillican,
J. E. PhiUips,
Alex. McCandless,
E. Cameron.
J. Wriglesworth,
T. Bamford,
L. Cousins.
W. Walker,
F. T. Sherborne,
P. A. Babington, 564
FROM BLACK DIAMOND LODGE, No. 5.
E. QuenneU, H. McAdie, W. H. Morton,
J. WUcox, J. Hemer, A. GaUoway,
J. Crossan, R. Rivers, A. McGregor,
M. Bate, G. Ramsay, B. Baker.
R. Scott,
A. Clarkson,
J. L. Work,
FROM HARMONY LODGE, No. 6.
G. Williams, J. Green.
E. Hoskins,
J. A. Thompson,
J. Hoskins,
B. Sheering.
J. C. Henderson,
R. CampbeU.
FROM EXCELSIOR LODGE, No. 7.
J. A. Campbell, J. McCutcheon,
FROM VANCOUVER LODGE, No. 8.
W.Vivian,      f   T.C.Gray.
FROM TATNAI LODGE, No. 9.
Wm. Edmunds.
And that from the Certificates received, the foUowing Past Grands
are entitled to seats in this Grand Lodge :
FROM VICTORIA LODGE No. 1.
J. WeUer,
J. D. Robinson,
G. W. Anderson,
M.Hart,
R. Roberts,
T. J. Partridge.
C. Gowen,
S. T. Styles,
J. GosneU,
W. Irvine,
J. Jackson,
J. Davies,
J. M. Read,
E. Fawcett,
A. Rome,
J. Doughty,
FROM COLUMBIA LODGE, No. 2,
M. Humber,
J. P. Goodhue,
J. E. McMiUan,
S. Adler,
W. Harrison,
W. F. Archibald,
J. W. Carey,
J. Hawkins.
A. B. Gray,
•r   7
J. Partridge,
RHali,
FROM NEW WESTMINSTER LODGE, No. 3,
W. J. Armstrong,
J. A. Calbick,
N. A. White.
A. Ewen,
R. H. Baker,
L. P. Bonson,
A. McCorvie, 565
FROM DOMINION LODGE, No. 4.
H. Smith,
E. H. Fletcher,
J. D. Ford,
O. Todd,
J. Creeden,
W. Ralph.
A. J. Gray,
O. Warner,
FROM BLACK DIAMOND LODGE, No. 5.
J. Mahrer W, WUks,
G. Norris,
J. PhiUips
Also, that the following are entitled to the Grand Lodge Degree :—
W. E. Holmes, of Victoria Lodge, No. 1.
A.Heijderson and P. W. Dempster, of Columbia Lodge, No. 2.
N. A. White and 0. R. Monck, of New Westminster Lodge, No. 3.
L. Cousins and A, J. McCandless, of Dominion Lodge, No. 4.
B. Baker, of Black Diamond Lodge, No, 5*
^8. Shearing, of Hai^nony Lodge, No. 6.
R. Campbell, of Excelsior Lodge, No. 7.
W. Viyian and T. Gray, of Vancouver Lodg$, No. 8.
W. Edmunds, of Tatnai Lodge, No. 9.
All of which is FraternaUy submitted in F. L. & T.,
F. CARNE, No. 1,
R. W. FAWCETT, No. 2,
E. S. SCOULLAR, No 3,
J, E. PHILLIPS, No. 4, ..
1 ROBERT SCOTT, No. 6,
JNO. 0. HENDERSON, No. 7.
Moved, seconded and carried that the report be adopted as
read.
The Grand Master appointed the following to fill vacancies
on Committees :—
Finance.--H, Waller, J\ G, M., No. 2; T. 0. Gray, No. 8; W. Temple-
man, No. 1.
Appeals.—R. Mcintosh, No, 1; H. McAdie, No. 5; F. Carne, P. G. M.,
No. 1; E, Hoskins, No. 6.
Laws~o? Subobdinates.—W. Edmunds, No. 9; W. D. McKillican, P.
G. M., No. 4.
Petitions.—F. Carne, P. G. M., No. 1; R W. Fawcett, No. 2; J.
Wrigleswortft, P. G. M., No. 4; B. Baker, No, 5,
LegisiiAtion.—P, WM Dempster, No. 2; W- E. Holmes, No. 1; W.
Vivian, No. 8; J. E. Phillips, No, 4. 566
Moved, seconded and carried, That the Grand Master appoint the following Special Committees in addition to the
Standing Committees, viz., Correspondence, Judiciary ' and
Standing Resolutions.
The Grand Master appointed the following to form the
Special Committees before named :—
Correspondence.—W. McColl, P. G. M., No. 3; R. W. Fawcett, No. 2;
R. Scott, No. 6.
Judiciary.—W. Templeman, No. 1; H. Waller, P. G. M., No. 2; B. W.
Shiles, P. G. M. No. 3.
Standing Resolutions.—J. Wriglesworth, P. G. M., No. 4; E. S.
ScouUar, No. 3; R. Mcintosh, No. 1.
The Grand Marshal retired and introduced the following
brothers, on whom the Grand Lodge Degree was conferred :
W. E! Holmes, No. 1; P. W. Dempster, No. 2; C. R.
Monck and S. T. Mackintosh, No. 3; B. Baker, No. 5; R.
Campbell, No. 7; W. Vivian and T. C. Gray, No, 8; W.
Edmunds, No. 9.
■    || .     I .
Rep. Scoullar requested that his name might be removed
from the Special Committee on Standing Resolutions, which
was on motion permitted, and the Grand Master appointed
Rep. G. Turner, No. 3, to fill the vacancy.
The Grand Master presented and read the following report:
New Westminster, B, C, February 8th, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of the Province of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F:
Representatives :—I give expression to the pleasure it is to meet you all,
and to extend to you my fraternal greeting at this our fourteenth annual
session. It is just ten years ago since we first assembled in the Queen City as
Odd Fellows, to unite in promoting the interests of our Order and to extend,
its usefulness, and I hope that our present deliberations will be marked with
true fraternal spirit, thankful that the work we have long been engaged in
has been crowned with success. We have cause for congratulation that Odd
FeUowship has increased with the growth of the Province, having at present
nine Lodges, occupying positions in all the prominent business centres, and
with a promise of a further extension by the establishment of lodges at 567
Chemainus, Alberni, Donald, SpaUumcheen, and I hope of another at our important city of Vancouver,  its increasing population fuUy justifying the]
desire.
LEGISLATION REQUIRED.
I issued a proclamation in December asking for answers to questions, showing how the funds of Subordinates were invested, and 1 regret that New
Westminster, No. 3, and Excelsior, No. 7, have sent no replies, so that I
am unable to fully give you the result of my enquiry. I gather, however,
that the total assets of all kinds, taking the reports as furnished to the Grand
Secretary as a basi* for the two Lodges that have sent no statement, and
accepting, as correct, the answers from the seven that have replied, to be
as follows: that is, total assets, $62,381.74; approximated value of assets,
allowing for increased value of investment^ in real estate, §78,878.16, showing
an increased value of assets of §16,496.42.
The various other statistical information will in a great measure be
furnished in our Grand Secretary's report, and I will only allude to one or
two questions which require your closest scrutiny and careful deliberation,
so that the results of your labor may be for the best interest of our order.
The Grand Secretary reported that we paid for relief per member §9.55,
and for the 106 members relieved it would show an average paid of §56.63.
Taking §9.55 paid for relief, we would have only §2.45 remaining from the
Dues received for current expenses and all other demands on us. This brings
us to a question that has and is occupying the attention of the best and most
prominent members of the Order, and I am interested in a report by James
B. Nicholson, Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and Past
Grand Sire on
DUES AND BENEFITS,
from which I extract some important data.   Brother Nicholson says:—
The first duty of a Lodge should be to see that the benefits received by its members are in proportion to the duties they perform to the lodge.
The aggregate cost of the expenses for rent, light, fuel, stationery, advertising,
regalia, per capita tax, etc., for Pennsylvania Lodges in 1875, when reduced to each
individual member, was $2.15 for the year.
He lays down for a general principle—
That a Lodge with an average membership as to numbers, age, and healthful pursuits, cannot pay five dollars per week to the members when sick for less than fifteen
cents per week for dues.
Oar rate of dues under this rule ought to be 30 cents per week, or §15.60 per
year instead of twelve dollars as now.
The funeral benefits should be paid out of assessments made upon the members, or
by adding the actual cost of insurance to the weekly dues.
Brother Amos Henderson, G. M., Illinois, 1877, reports—
The older lodges in the jurisdiction are about reaching their average mortaUtgrtj
and disclose the fact that our present 6ystem of dues and benefits are not based upon
sound financial principles, 568
And goes on to say that we must soon adjust our dues and benefits to the laws of
nature as developed in the rate of sickness and mortality, etc.
Stimulated by Acts of Parliament the Manchester Unity collected statistics
and a Board of Actuaries framed a series of tables to which all the Friendly
Societies are compelled to conform. The dues increase with age. An abstract
of one is here given.
Table from calculations of rates of dues, confirmed by twenty-five years'
positive experience, showing the lowest rate that can be safely secured till
seventy years of age, five dollars per week during sickness.
Age at
Initiation in
periods of
five years.
Dues
Annually.
Dues
Weekly.
Cents.
When rates vary
in periods of
ten years.
Dues
Yearly.
Dues
Weekly.
Cents,
21 to 25
25 " 30
* 30 %t 85
85 •• 40
40 " 45
45 *• 50
50 " 55
55"" 60
S 8.14
9.87
10.79
12.66
15.12
18.86
22.62
28.52
15?
18 J
21!
24f
291
85 f
43?
us
Between 21 & 30
30&40
<fc      40&50
50 & 60
S 8.75
11.72
16.74
25.57
17
22
32
49 '
"  '   21&40
40 & 60
10.23
21.15
20
41
Between 21 & 60
15.87&
30 V4
If we should adopt the English rate, it would require members to pay 61
cents per week to secure ten dollars per week during sickness, or $31 72 per
annum ; an amount far beyond what the membership in our jurisdiction are
called upon to pay. I desire to emphasize my remarks, and will quote from
Victoria Lodge Statement:
CHRONIC CASES.
1, B. Age 60, Paralysis, 1875, total amount paid   -    -    -   $5,257 00
2, R. I 64, " 1875, " " - - - - 3,915 00
3,*F. " 34, Asthmatic, 1874, " - - - - 920 00
4, G.    |   68, Paralysis, 1886,        "       |            ....       555 00
Total paid to four members $10,647 00
Total Dues from these four members, $     48 00
Total liability of Lodge for Benefits for these four   -    -    -   1,040 00
Annual dues from 177 members  1,921 75
"       expenses of Lodge 901 39
Total receipts from all sources 3,728 40
Total number of weeks paid sick benefits—292.
Se that this Lodge had to pay for the four chronic cases and Lodge
expenses    nearly their entire   receipts for dues,  and only for their large 569
accumulated funds, drawing 8.7 per cent, per annum, the oldest, largest and
wealthiest Lodge would not be able to pay its benefits.
INITIATION AND DEGREE PEES.
My attention was called by my District Deputy of District No. 4 to the
fact that Black Diamond Lodge No. 5 had reduced these fees to $30, while
District No. 4 was charging $50, and that applications of residents of No. 4
were being made to No. 3, and were refused. I intimated that the work
could be done by one Lodge as reasonable as the other, and recommended a
reduction of the fees to conform with the rate adopted by Black Diamond
Lodge and which rates had been in force in District No. 1 for three years.
My opinion is that the Order would be benefitted if the Lodges throughout
the Jurisdiction would adopt the minimum fees of $10 for initiation and So
each for degrees. In fact, young and healthy members of good habits is the
one thing just now the most needed, and every endeavor should be made by
each individual member of the Order towards this end. The strength of a
Lodge is its collections for dues. In my, opinion its fees for entrance and
degrees are of small moment; the ra.tes of dues and benefits is the most
important consideration.
MEDICAL OFFICER.
I would recommend that each Lodge should elect a medical officer whose
duty it shall be to examine all candidates for admission to membership.
To examine and furnish certificates to all members upon their being.
reported sick and entitled to benefits.
To furnish certificates when members are reported convalescent by the
Visiting Committee,
No person should be eligible to membership unless having a favorable
certificate from a Lodge doctor.
No member should be reported sick unless a certificate of such member s
sickness shall be furnished with the report.
A clause should be added to our Subordinate Constitution that a member
is entitled to benefits if he is not eapable of following his profession, trade,
calling, or earning his livelihood by some other occupation.
No benefits should be paid until the Lodge is in possession of the doctor's
certificate of the Brother's sickness.
No sick member in receipt of benefits should be allowed out before 7 A. M.
or later than 7 P. m., from 1st May to October 31st, or before 9 A. m. or later
than 4 p. m. from November 1st to April 30th.
Any member found imposing on the Lodge or doing anything that may
retard his recovery while drawing sick benefits, should be expelled, reprimanded or fined, as the Lodge may direct. 570
DECISIONS.
Question—What disposition should we make of the " order" for the A.
T. P. W. when presented by a visiting brother? Answer—You will retain or
destroy it.
Question—Can a brother by refusing to receive the A. T. P. W., claim
his " order" back after being admitted ?   Answer—No.
These questions being asked from several locations, I issued the following
circular:
To all Lodges Subordinate to the Grand Lodge of British Columbia:—
I desire to call your attention to section 176, page 46, |j White's Digest," therein
you will find the proper form of a letter, which accompanies a visiting or final card
%rhen a Brother cannot obtain the A. T, P. W, with his card in person, and I herewith
enjoin you that you must comply with such instruction, the letter being only intended
for th»transmission of the A. T. P. W., and has reached its final destination whenever
delivered to a Noble Grand.
Fraternally yours,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master,
Question—Has the V. G. the right to give the A. T. P. W. after investigation of a brother with card ? Answer—Yes, if the V. G. is presiding during
a N. G.'s absence j otherwise, no.
A visiting member of our jurisdiction was present in a lodge room prior to
opening of the lodge, being in possession of the term P. W. and P. W. of the
degree in which the lodge was opened. Was it right to order the brother
out for examination ? Answer—No. The Warden was the proper officer to
be satisfied.
Question—Can a lodge refuse to pay benefits to a brother on account of
his being out late at night gambling, while receiving benefits from his lodge ?
Answer—Yes.
Question—Is gambling a crime against our order? Answer—Yes, because it is a vice against which we are taught to war, and no lodge
can pay benefits to a brother who, while receiving benefits, acts to the detriment of his recovery.
Question—Can a lodge bring charges against a brother for gambling and
being out late at night, while receiving benefits from his lodge ? Answer—Not
only the lodge can, but must, protect itself from fraud, and insist on its members obeying the laws of the order. See Cons., Sub. sec. 2, art. vii, and sec.
1290, White's Digest, " intent is the gist of every offence," and every brother
must be held strictly accountable for his conduct, in and out of his lodge, and
the lodge and its members claim a privilege of watching over his actions, and
preventing any illegal distribution of the lodge funds.
District Deputy John Hemer asked whether Black Diamond lodge could
initiate to membership an applicant nearer Wellington than Nanaimo, and 571
asked me to define Art. 2, sect. 5, Sub. Cons. Answer—Your lodge is in
District No. 4, you cannot receive an application for membership from a
resident nearer Wellington, unless by consent of Harmony Lodge.—Decision
No. 22, Grand Sire White's.
Victobia, B. C, November 12th, 1887.
Thos. S. Bone vs. Columbia Lodge No. 2—
On October 26th I received through the Grand Secretary a communication from Bro. Thos. S. Bone, complaining that a claim for there.j
weeks' benefits, from February 16th to March 9th, amounting to thirty
dollars, was refused payment by his Lodge, and that no official reply
had been received.
On October 31st, acting on authority of Article IV, Section 11 of the
Grand Lodge Constitution, I forwarded Bro. Bone's letter to Columbia I
Lodge No. 2, asking their reply to this complaint, and on the 11th of \
November I received from the hands of Bro. R. W. Fawcett, the Secre-J
tary, a copy of No. 2's By-Laws and a detailed statement of the case
taken from the " Records of the Lodge."
Section 5, Article XX of the By-Laws of the Lodge reads as follows:
" That the Lodge has authority to engage a physician to visit any sick!
" member for the purpose of ascertaining the nature, cause and origin of
| his sickness or affliction, and report the same to this Lodge, the physi-I
"cian to be accompanied, if possible, by one of the visiting committee,"
etc.
The statement taken from Columbia Lodge Records is substantially
as follows:
Bro. Bone was reported sick on September 22nd, 1886, and on September 29th received ten dollars' sick benefits, and was declared conva-
lescent. On October 20th, 1886, Bro. Bone was reported as having
fractured his knee, and benefits were regularly paid until January 12th,
1887, amounting to one hundred and twenty dollars, and on February
16th, 1887, fifty dollars was paid, making a total of one hundred and
seventy dollars paid for benefits from October 20th, 1886, to February
16th, 1887, for seventeen weeks, being all the Brother could claim or the
Lodge was bound to pay on this score, but Bro. Bone's claim is for three
weeks from February 16th to March 9th, thirty dollars. The Lodge's
reply to this is, that the Brother was visited continuously until the 12th
of January, when, upon report of the visiting committee, Bro. Bone was
declared convalescent. On February 3rd, Bro. Bone objecting to the
Lodge's action, the Lodge upon resolution appointed Bro. Dr. J. C.
Davie, Victoria Lodge's physician, to visit professionally Bro. Bone and
to report upon the case to the Lodge, Bro. Henderson, the then N. G.,
accompanying. The certificate of Dr. Davie, M. D., was that on the 10th
of February, the day of the examination, "Bro. Bone was then conval-
" escent; that the fractured bone was well knit; but that improvement 572
"would be very gradual." Acting upon the doctor's certificate, the
Lodge paid fifty dollars, being certainly all that the Brother could claim,
and possibly more than would have been due had the Lodge appointed
a physician on the date of the Visiting Committee reporting the case
convalescent. The Lodge's reply states "that Bro. Bone has had
explanations from the N. G., V. G., and R. Secretary; that every facility
has been afforded the Brother to examine the Records, but no advantage
has been taken to be enlightened in the matter; but that the claim has
persistently been pressed on account of not being able to work at clearing a certain piece of land owned by him."
I am personally acquainted with Bro. T. S. Bone; know that he is a
man of years, retired from business, engaged in no occupation for the
purpose of gaining his livelihood other than collecting his own rents and
looking after his own interests, and would not accept the employment, for
pay, of clearing land, nor could he do work of the sort. Such are the
facts of the case as known by me and given by the complainant and
Columbia Lodge, and upon which I have arrived at the
DECISION.
First—That Bro. Bone's livelihood is not endangered nor his occupation interfered with;
Second—That Columbia Lodge No. 2 has acted in the fairest manner
towards Bro, Bone;
Third—That Bro. Bone has no claim on Columbia Lodge No'. 2 in
any amount whatever, and that her action has been strictly
constitutional, erring probably in favor of the complainant.
Fraternally yours,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
Victoria, B. C, December 22nd, 1887.
John H. Meldram vs. Columbia Lodge No. 2.
On December 5th I received a communication from my District
Deputy, enclosing an appeal from John H. Meldram against his Lodge
for refusing to pay him three weeks' benefits.
The complainant alleged that he had met with an accident | which
"prevented his following his usual occupation or any other occupation,"
and had furnished a medical certificate and had been under medical
treatment. On December 16th the Brother handed me a further communication which stated that he did not depend upon his store for a
living; that he was not in a condition to stand in his store from 7 a. m.
until 9 p.m.; that he "was unable to attend to his cow "or do other work
requiring one to be well to perform it; that his wife attended to the
business of the store; that he was working at his trade and had had to
pay seven dollars for work which had to be done while he was laid up. 573
Brother Meldram admitted that he was in town continuously after the
accident attending to various duties, and had been in the city in the
evenings on Lodge business, and claiming "that there is nothing in the
" by-laws of Columbia Lodgie to prevent a Brother being out after sun-
"down."
Columbia Lodge refuses the payment of the benefits as claimed, on
the grounds " that the Visiting Oommitttee had visited Bro. Meldram
" and had reported that they did not consider that the accident prevented
" him from attending to his bar and store; that he had not been confined
" to his bed during his reported sickness; that he had been seen by many
" members walking about the streets attending to his business, and that
I the Brother's injuries were not of that nature to entitle him to receive
" pecuniary benefits from his Lodge." In addition to this, two Brothers
appointed by Columbia Lodge to interview the medical adviser of thej
complainant, gave evidence to the effect that the doctor had placed no
restriction upon his attending to his store or bar, but was prohibited
from walking about or doing any laborious work, and that the Brother
only casually worked at his trade, and was only putting up a fence, and
not at work ship carpentering.
The Brothers also made mention that the Order of Foresters, which
pay benefits when advised by their medical officer, under whose control
benefits are paid, had refused benefits in this case; that the doctor's
certificate presented by Brother Meldram had been procured by representing that he was a ship carpenter and caulker, actively engaged, whose
business was often to carry heavy timbers and stand in water; that the
doctor, under these circumstances, " that there was some danger to be
" apprehended in the possibility of inflammation taking place from the
"reasons mentioned," had given a certificate; but added, "yet I have
"often engaged in foot ball games with much worse injuries/'
Such is a statement of the evidence presented to me, and on which I
am appealed for my decision.
I have taken time and have carefully examined into this case, as the
question of " benefits " is one where doubt exists and misapprehension
often prevails, and besides the complainant, holding a position which is
but a stepping stone to that of Grand Master, must have considered that
he was entitled to what he has made claim to.
The evidence shows that the Brother is a ship carpenter by trade;
but not-actively^engaged, and I am of opinion that his store and bar
provides his principal means of support; probably his accident was
painful, but_not serious, as he was constantly using his injured leg. No
evidence was produced showing when he was last engaged at ship car-
pentering,'and as^toJiisJstanding in his store from 7 a. m. to 9 p. m., a
wayside inn would not require it, and it is open to doubt if he has ever
been required to stand in his store during the long hours named. 574
Sec. 1, Art. XX, of the By-Laws of his Lodge reads: "A member
I not disqualified to receive benefits, who, by sickness or accident may be
I rendered incapable of earning a livelihood, shall receive from the funds
| of the Lodge," etc.
The question is narrowed down under this By-Law as to whether the
Brother was rendered incapable of earning a livelihood in consequence
of the accident received.
I hold that the Brother was to a great extent able to follow his usual
occupation, and by that means was capable of earning a livelihood; and
he is therefore not entitled to benefits. Columbia Lodge is therefore
sustained.
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
PROCLAMATIONS.     .    .
ANNIVERSARY PROCLAMATION, SOVEREIGN GRAND LODGE
OF THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS.
Office of the Grand Sire.
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting :
In accordance with the time-honored custom and usage of our Order and by
authority of the Sovereign Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd
Fellows, I, John H. White, Grand Sire, do hereby recommend all Grand and
Subordinate Bodies, under this jurisdiction, to set apart and dedicate the
26th day of April, 1887, the Sixty-Eighth Anniversary of our Order, to appropriate exercises and to thanksgiving and praise to the Giver of all Good for
the many blessings showered upon the Order and its membership, individually
and collectively.
Done at the City of Baltimore, State of Maryland, U.S., this the fourth day
of February, 1887, and of our Order the sixty-eighth year.
THEO. A. ROSS, JNO. H. WHITE.
Grand Seareta/ry. Grand Sire.
I. O. O. F.—PROCLAMATION,
Office of the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge )
of tre Province of British Columbia,        \
In Friendship, Love and Truth, Sendeth Greeting,—
The present year is the fiftieth anniversary in the glorious reign of
Her Majesty Queen Victoria, and the Provincial Government has, in
recognition of this event, and upon the representation "that twenty
thousand dollars would be donated by voluntary subscription for the 575
erection of an Hospital " made by the Directors of the Royal Hospital
and others interested in the care of the sick, passed an act granting a
sum not exceeding twenty thousand dollars for the erection of such
Hospital as a memorial of the jubilee year of Her Most Gracious Majesty,
to be located at Victoria, and to be known as the " Provincial Royal
Jubilee Hospital."
The Citizens' Committees have reported that so far, eighteen thousand dollars have been promised, and I deem it the proper moment for
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows to take action in a body and
complete the subscription, thus proving to all that our aim is the
relief of humanity, besides enabling us to carry out our laws of "visiting
the sick," and | relieving the distressed," more effectually. With this,
object in view, and in recognition of the Order's fealty to Her Most
Gracious Majesty and our Country, I herewith fraternally hand you a
copy of correspondence referring to the establishment of a Ward, being
and forming a portion of the Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital property
to be known as the I. O. O. F. Ward, and in presenting this subject for
your consideration and action through your lodges, I am convinced that
the object is of such a progressive nature that the brotherhood can only
have a favorable opinion of it.
The Grand Master's power is of a limited nature, suggestions and
advice being in many instances his only authority, but aided by eight
hundred fellow workers the Order can accomplish anything in reason.
To you, individually and collectively, I appeal for support and assistance in a movement that must necessarily benefit the Order for all time.
You must all recognize that the Canadian Pacific Railroad has made
for our Order a new era of great possibilities and probabilities, and that
we must to keep pace with the times, advance with the growth of the
Province and with the teachings of Odd Fellowship. If our Order is
progressive, we must move onward, we must not be satisfied with what we
have done in the past, but should aspire to nobler deeds of usefulness for
the advancement of the Order. We must show those within and without
the Order that we are one of the leading societies in the Province and
that by deeds we aim to merit the highest consideration.
We will, by such action, enjoy the greatest respect, and gather
within our ranks the best and foremost of our citizens.
Heretofore our sick and distressed could not be relieved as our Order
desired, owing to the isolated nature of our lodges, and the time and
cost necessary to confer with one another, so that the lodges in each
city or town were compelled to operate only in their several localities;
but now 26 hours' notice is sufficient for a representative from Kamloops,
the farthest east, to reach this city. We are therefore able to collectively aim for an object, and I desire to draw your attention to the
formation of a charitable fund, which being a subject entirely left to our
legislation, I submit, should be at once recognized as desirable and bene- 576
ficial, and that the lodges should take up the subject and forward their
action to me through the Grand Secretary.
I suggest our Charitable Fund should be used for building or
endowing Hospital Wards or Beds in Wards, building Homes for aged
brothers, their widows and orphans, and for Schools where trades are
taught, and generally for the protection and care of our brothers and
I families and their advancement in life.
The Grand Lodge having no funds from which to draw for this
object, I desire to have your authority: First—That I shall in the name
of the Order subscribe to the Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital Funds
two thousand dollars, a sum estimated sufficient to build a ward equal to
the best, and that for this object you will authorize me, in conjunction
with the Grand Secretary, to borrow from our lodges or members the
amount so named, bearing interest not to exceed 7 per cent, per annum.
Second—That the Grand Lodge shall collect for the Charitable
Fund a per capita tax of one dollar per year for each member of your
lodge, payable half-yearly, in June and December, with the Grand Lodge
dues.
Third—That the Grand Lodge shall make provision at its next
session for a by-law allowing lodges the power to charge one dollar per
; year to each of their members towards the charitable fund, which can
^ be collected or paid out of the general fund of their lodge as they may
j elect.
I estimate that the Order will have, at the end of the year, eight
I hundred members, and the contribution of each member for the building
of the Jubilee Ward will be only two dollars and a half, covering a period
of two and a half years, the interest decreasing as each payment falls
! due, which will doubtless be more than provided for by the increase of
membership.
I am of the opinion that the Order should make provision for their
sick and be prepared to purchase the right of one or more beds at all
points of the Province where lodges of our Order are established or
where the Government have hospitals located. That the difference of
charge of six dollars per week, and ten or perhaps fifeeen dollars and no
charge for nurses or maintenance, would, in case of an epidemic be,
perhaps, saving the treasuries of the lodges from depletion. That it
would be satisfaction to lodges to know that their members would, in
case of sickness, be cared for at a known nominal cost, at any prominent
point of our Province*
Brother:—In presenting to you the subject of building an I. O. O. F.
Ward, being and forming a portion of the Provincial Royal Jubilee
Hospital, and the formation of a Charitable Fund for the further expansion of provision for the care of the sick, relief of the distressed and
education of the orphan, I hope it will meet with your cordial approba- 577
tion and prompt support. I feel that you will not fail me in my
endeavors for the "Good of the Order," but will assist me towards tbe
success of probably the most important subject that is likely to occur
during my official term.
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
Victoria, B. C, June 10th, 1887.
MEMORIAL DAY—PROCLAMATION.
Victoria, B. C, Sept. 6th, 1887.
To Whom these Presents shall Come, Greeting:—
Pursuant to instructions contained in a Proclamation issued on the
fifteenth day of August, 1887, by John H. White, Grand Sire, I, Joshua
Davies, Grand Master, do hereby request all Subordinate Lodges under
this Jurisdiction to assemble at their respective Lodge rooms on the
20th day of October, 1887, the anniversary of the death of Thomas
Wildey, Past Grand Sire, and engage in appropriate memorial exercises
respecting their deceased members, such exercises to be conducted in a
manner appropriate to the occasion. Should a different day be more
convenient, any Lodge is permitted to hold such service on any day such
Lodge may select.
JOSHUA DAVIES,
FREDK DAVEY, Grand Master.
Grand Secretary.
SOVEREIGN GRAND LODGE OF THE I.  O.  O.   F.
Office of the Grand Sire.
Albion, New York, December 12, 1887.
To the members of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows:
Brothers:—Your attention is called to a law of the Sovereign Grand Lodge,
enacted 1884, Journal 9761, 9804, in reference to the work of the Order. It
is as follows:—
Besolved.—That any member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows who shall
compose, or write, or print, or sell, or exhibit, or use, or have in his possession, or
who shall in any way aid or abet in composing, or writing, or printing, or exhibiting,
or using any publication, or writing or other device purporting to be the Unwritten
Work of Odd Fellowship, or any part, abreviation or memorandum of such Unwritten
Work, shall be deemed guilty of conduct grossly unbecoming an Odd Fellow, and
shall, upon conviction, be expelled from the Order.
A very large number of members has been initiated since its enactment,
and but a small percentage of the other members is aware of its existence.
Such being the case, I deem it my duty to advise you of it, and to urge upon
all persons in authority to promulgate it to the organizations under their
charge, and to see that it is rigidly enforced. It will be observed that it is an
pffence against the law of the Order to have in possession, or use, or in any 578
way abet the using of the prohibited publications, and they should be at once
destroyed.
Yours, Fraternally,
JNO. H. WHITE,
Grand Sire.
THEO, A. ROSS,
Grand Secretary.
I. O. O. F.
Office of the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge )
of the Province of British Coi/ombia. )
Victoria, B. G, 22d December, 1887.
To ami Lodges Subordinate to the Grand Lodge I. O. O. F. of the
Province of British Columbia:—
The Grand Sire having decided that his Proclamation, issued December 23rd, 1886, (Proceedings 1886, pages 506-7-8) as amended by the
Committee on the Patriarchal Branch of the Order, at the session of the
Sovereign Grand Lodge, 1887, is inforce% and having also called on me
to see that the same is obeyed.
Now therefore I, Joshua Davies, Grand Master, do hereby direct and
enjoin on all and every of you, that the commands of the Grand Sire, as
contained in the amended Proclamation aforesaid, be immediately and
strictly enforced, under the penalties attached thereto for its neglect.
Your attention is specially directed to the following extract from
the aforesaid Proclamation relating to the admission of members, which
it is imperative you should take steps to carry out at once:
"2. No person shall be elected to or be received into membership in
any Subordinate Lodge of Odd Fellows under the jurisdiction of the
Sovereign Grand Lodge, unless he shall subscribe an application for
membership which shall contain a declaration, upon his honor, that he
does not hold membership in the Patriarchal Circle, or any successor
thereof, by whatever name the same may be known or called."
Forms of application for membership (as per copy enclosed), embodying the recommendation of the Sovereign Grand Lodge at its session
1885, which was endorsed by the session of this Grand Lodge, 1886, likewise containing the declaration now required by law, have been
prepared and can be obtained from the Grand Secretary at $1.50 per 100
copies.
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
FREDK. DAVEY,
Grand Secretary. 579
PROCLAMATION, I. 0. 0. F.
Office of the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge
of the Province of British Columbia.
Victoria, B.C., 28th December, 1887.
Dear Sirs and Brothers:—You are enjoined to promptly return through
my District deputy for transmission of the Grand Secretary the Semi-Annual
and Annual Reports, together with the per capita tax, and you are to include
in said Report the age of each member of your Lodge.
You will also please give me the information asked by filling in the blank
spaces the questions herewith forwarded, retaining one copy for your own use
and ready information, returning the other at your earliest possible moment
after the 31st December, 1887.
Yours fraternally,
JOSHUA  DAVIES,
Grand Master.
I. O. O. F.
Office of the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge )
of the Province of British Codumbia. ' j
Victoria, B. C, 2£th January, 1888.
To ami Lodges Subordinate to the Grand Lodge of British Co-
IiTjmbia:— *
I desire to inform you that our Grand Lodge has the requisite
Rituals for conferring the Rebekah Degree in Subordinate Lodges, and
that all Elective Officers should be in possession of this degree prior to
installation. The Grand Secretary has in stock all the necessary supplies
for the establishment of Rebekah Degree Lodges, including the Beautified Work.
The interest taken by the Sovereign Grand Lodge, added to the
special direction of our Grand Sire, John H. White, in the extension of
Rebekah Degree Lodges, has resulted in their formation throughout
nearly every jurisdiction, and the institution of Colfax Rebekah Degree
Lodge, No. 1, at Victoria, with ladies filling nearly every office, has
proven of much benefit by the interest manifested in the work and the
large attendance at its meetings, convincing in its results, that the
institution of Rebekah Lodges in every district can be made a source of
profit to our Order and pleasure to our members.
From every State Grand Lodge jurisdiction the concensus of opinion
is, that wherever Rebekah Degree Lodges are thoroughly established,
they have proven themselves powerful auxiliaries towards the advancement of Odd Fellowship.
I would therefore fraternally urge upon each Lodge to take such
Ateps as may be deemed most suitable towards establishing Rebekah 580
Degree Lodges, and would recommend that not only our brothers
become members thereof, but that all ladies entitled to membership be
invited to join with us so that all may participate in the many advantages
to be obtained and thus augment the marked revival of interest in the
work of our Order and the addition to our membership.
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
CORRESPONDENCE
SOVEREIGN GRAND LODGE, I. O. O. F.
Office of the Grand Secretary,
Baltimore, Md., May 20th, 1887.
Joshua Davies, Esq., Grand Master,
Dear Sir and Brother :—Every year appeals come to this office, not
certified in accordance with the law and defective in other respects, so that
unless corrected the Committee on Appeals would probably refuse to consider
them.
I beg to state the laws of the Sovereign Grand Lodge on this subject,
briefly, as follows :
1. Appeals must be filed with the Grand Secretary by the first day of the
meeting of the Committee (Wednesday preceding the meeting of the Sovereign Grand Lodge)—Rules of Order; 5.
2. The appeal must show that the Grand Body appealed from has given its
consent to the appellant, except in the case of a suspended or expelled
subordinate that has surrendered its effects.—Constitution, Article I, Section 4; Digest, Sections 1362, 1369, 1374.
3. The statement of facts must be certified under the seal of the Grand
Body, and the signatures of the Grand Master and Grand Secretary or Grand
Patriarch and Grand Scribe, as the case may be. Digest, Section 1373. The
signatures must be written.
4. Appeal papers must be furnished by the appealing parties, printed in
pamphlet form on a page of the same size as that of the printed Journal of
Proceedings of the Sovereign Grand Lodge. (Type 3| x 9§ inches.)~ Dig est,
.Section 1377.
5. Appellants must furnish two hundred copies of all appeal papers.—
Journal of 1885, page 10,049.
6. Appellants must send with their papers a certified copy of the Constitution and By-Laws of their Grand Body, of the Constitution for Subordinates,
and of the By-Laws of the Subordinate Lodge or Encampment involved in
the appeal.—Journal of 1886, page 10,481.
7. Applications to open, rehear, or review decisions of Sovereign Grand 581
Lodge in appeal cases, whether by petition, memorial, or otherwise, are subject to the above rules.—Journal of 1885, pages 10,060, 10,169.
Fraternally,
THEO. A. ROSS,
Grand Secretary.
PROVINCIAL ROYAL JUBILEE HOSPITAL.
Correspondence.
Victoria, B. C, May 31st, 1887.
A. McLean, Esq., Chairman of the Committee Provincial Royal Jubilee
Hospital:—
Dear Sir:—I understand that from the present outlook the Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital Fund Collections will hardly exceed the
sum of $18,000, and with the view of aiding your efforts, I have conceived
the idea that a scheme can be laid before the "Independent Order of Odd
Fellows " to build upon plans to be furnished by your Committee, a
building to be known as the I. O. O. F. Ward; which upon being completed shall be handed to the officers of the Provincial Royal Jubilee
Hospital for its free use and benefit. In return for this, the Odd
Fellows are to be allowed entry to this ward upon furnishing certificates
from their lodge under seal, such lodge to pay six dollars per week for
each and every Odd Fellow so entered, during his stay in the ward. I
shall be pleased to discuss any suggestion your committee would have
to offer; but would request that for the present, that the question under
discussion or consideration may not be made too public, as mucn preliminary business mnst be gone through and the matter laid before the
lodges for their consideration. I would here mention that our Order is
strictly a representative one, and from its members in session in their
lodges, power is vested; and although I am at present the official head,
I can only suggest and advise in this matter and must look to the members for the support that can give life to the movement contemplated and
desired by me. I have spoken to several members of the Order and
have mentioned a sum not exceeding §2,500 as the cost of the ward mentioned; and it is from their encouragement as well as a late conversation
with yourself and Mr. Chudley, that my opinion is that the effort c&n be
successfully carried out to its completion.
» I have the honor to be,
Yours, truly,
JOSHUA DAVIES.
Victoria, B. 0., June 6th, 1887.
Joshua Davies, Esq.,—
Dear Sir:—I beg to acknowledge receipt of your favor of the 31st
May, regarding the proposal of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows
building a ward to be named after the same Order in connection with
the proposed Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital.   I have mentioned your 582
communication to several gentlemen duly interested in the success of
the proposed Hospital, and your proposal is considered by them exceedingly favorable; and not only so but it is regarded liberal in the extreme,
and the step that you have taken is worthy of imitation by other kindred
societies in providing for the sick and needy. I am confident that the
terms proposed and mentioned by you will be accepted by the general
committee. In my opinion, the only suggestion that the Jubilee Committee could recommend for your favorable consideration would be that
they could receive the amount in such a manner as to be included in the
$20,000 that they are subscribing by public subscription to enable them
to receive the same amount as proposed by the Government. I will be
pleased to assist you in any way I can.
I am, truly yours,,
A. MoLEAN.
Victoria, B. C, December 24th, 1887.
J. H. White, Esq., Grand Sire, Albion, New York:—
I find that the general attendance of members in the city lodges has
been limited to a few active workers who while deserving much credit
for their personal and material assistance in advancing our Order, receive
only the recompense of being continuously called upon for subscriptions
towards many objects and appropriate exercises, which have been
permitted, assisted and suggested by me, and held in the name of the
Order. By the prominence of these public workings, attention has been
drawn to our Order, producing much life and activity throughout the
Jurisdiction. This augmented interest, shown both by members as well
as non-members, is a subject of general comment, and the applications
for membership are increasing. Our desire is to keep ourselves prominently before our citizens as the first, most active and largest beneficial
Society in the Province, and is the object I have in addressing you for a
decision on the following question:
Has our Grgnd Lodge the power to allow our Subordinates to set
aside, say, five per cent, of the gross receipts as shown by the preceding
annual report, for such purposes as a dispensation would issue ?
Sections 418, 420 and 427 Digest, and recent decisions, leave a doubt
as to the meaning of ft legal expenditures."
The Constitution of our Subordinates allows i€ expenditures for the
"advancement of the interests of the Lodge or Order," and a general
opinion prevails here that it is unfair for a few active workers to be continuously subscribing funds for objects where the Lodge and the Order
generally is advanced and benefitted. The Lodges are able and desirous
to extend their usefulness, using recognized, legitimate means for reaching the general public, from whose ranks we must increase our membership, and granting power to vote limited sums for such objects is the
only method I at present see, by which all members contribute an equal 588
share for equal benefits received by reason of their connection ?dth the
Order,
" Legitimate expenditures" of the Lodge or Order has been construed to have a wider meaning, and Lodges have paid for pictures of
P. G. M.'s to place in their Lodges as a recognition of services rendered;
they have purchased cemeteries, and contemplate setting aside and
subscribing funds for widows and orphans homes, schools, hospitals and
such other institutions recognized not only by the State but by Odd
Fellows in other Jurisdictions as the proper aim of our Order.
This Jurisdiction j has a large accumulation of funds, owns real
estate and propose to conduct their business in a thoroughly constitutional manner. We rank 39 out of 54, G. L. Jurisdictions, and our position
is 32, in the amount paid for benefits; an average of nearly 90 members
to each Lodge will probably compare favorably with the membership of
Lodges in other Jurisdictions. We are therefore desirous of having and
encouraging every good object or institution which any other State
Grand Lodge possesses or controls, and it is my desire to have your
matured experience and judgment to guide our actions in framing laws
for the guidance of our Subordinates and the advancement of the Order
here.
There is one other question I desire you to decide:
Applicants for membership must be " free white males." So reads
our law.
Is it necessary where little or no signs are apparent to ask this
question of candidates ?
Do you consider one who has the slightest Indian blood in liim
eligible for membership ?
Would you consider the Lodges justified in accepting to membership
applicants who are known to have Indian blood in them: but without
such knowledge would be taken for " free white males," who associate
with the best in the Province, who are well educated, hold positions of
trust under the government, and who are prominent both in public as
well as private life, and who marry white ladies. Does the law contemplate the exclusion of this desirable class of our citizens, and if so, what
is the meaning for our expressing a desire for universal brotherhood ?
Yours, fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
SOVEREIGN GRAND LODGE OF THE L O. O. F.
Office of the Grand Sire,
Albion, N. Y., January 4th, 1888.
Joshua Davies, Grand Master:
Dear Sir and Brother:—It would be well, perhaps, for theSover 584
eign Grand Lodge to authorize Subordinates to set aside a per centage
of their receipts for the purposes suggested in your communication, but
as the law now stands lr A Grand Lodge has not the power to allow its
Subordinates to set aside, say, five per cent of their gross receipts as
shown by the preceding annual report for such purposes as a dispensation would issue."
The decision of the Grand Sire at last session, Decision No. 15,
Journal, page 10,714, contains an epitome of some of tho purposes for
which money may and may not be expended by Subordinates^ others are
contained in the decisions of the Digest which you quote.
I am sorry to say that the class of persons mentioned by you are not
eligible to membership in our Order. "The term, free, white males, in
Art. 16, Sec. 2 of the Constitution, is descriptive of the pure white Caucasian race, and excludes all other races and colors from membership in
our Order."   Digest Sec. 600.
I suppose that the desire for u universal brotherhood" is a desire
that this may be the case, and it also requires good moral character and
belief in a Supreme Ruler of the Universe.
It was deemed by the makers of the Constitution that it would be
unsafe to open the door so that the barbarous and heathen nations and
races might perchance gain admission into the Order; that while a few
of them might be competent as members of the Order the great bulk of
the excluded races were entirely unfit for social intercourse with enlightened and educated races.
I rejoice in the prosperity of your jurisdiction, and trust that notwithstanding the obstacles placed in your way, yours will yet become
one of the grandest jurisdictions under the jurisdiction of the Sovereign
Grand Lodge. Had I been in your place I would not have asked the
question, for if the persons indicated by you could not be distinguished
from pure white Caucasians I do not think a Lodge would have been
very culpable had i$iey received such into membership.
Fraternally yours,
JNO. H. WHITE,
Grand Sire.
Victoria, B. C, January 16th, 1888.
John H. White, Esq., Grand Sire, Albion, New York:—
Dear Sir and Brother:—Replying to your communication of 4th
January, I find that decision No. 15, page 10,714, solely refers to the
introduction of Odd Fellowship in America, and that while this defines
a legal expenditure for the observance of the 26th April, it makes no
provisions for any expenditure for the observance of any other ceremonial promulgated by the Sovereign Grand Lodge, nor^does it permit any
expenditure to be incurred for any local anniversary or public demon- 585
stration, even when sanctioned by our Provincial Gi#nd Lodge. There
must be some reason not known to me why the Sovereign Grand Lodge
declines giving powers to Subordinate Grand Lodges in the matter of
regulating expenditures of their Subordinates for the objects under
discussion. To my mind it is a subject which State Grand Lodges ought
to be the best judges of, they having a more intimate knowledge of the
requirements of their Jurisdiction. The law is an unpopular one here
because it is not a just one to our Jurisdiction, which so carefully guards
its expenditures, and in the absence of a representative to the Sovereign
Grand Lodge, I must needs state my opinion to the Sovereign Head.
I presume that the Sovereign Grand Lodge is of opinion that a
financial restriction must be held over the Order so as to prevent extra*-
vagance; that they know that sl the present is peculiarly the age of
display;" that the Militant Branch of Odd Fellowship has demonstrated
this fact, and that the establishment of Cantons with military discipline-
and regulations adds to this display; they know that a large proportion
of the members of the Order are of an age unsuited to military movements and object to military rule, and probably the representatives to the
Sovereign Grand Lodge are least adapted for active service in the Odd
Fellows army. They are acquainted with the fact that the founders of
American Odd Fellowship were plain, ordinary, self-made men, eschewing
display, and that they gathered to their ranks like fellow-men, with the
simple object of carrying out your command "to visit the sick
"relieve the distressed, bury the dead, and educate the orphan." This
command is our shibboleth, and we find quite enough to do in its continuous practice without using extravagantly our funds for uniforms^
regalia, etc., which might be construed for the legitimate purposes of the
Order.
I am in accord with the opinion of Lieut.-General John C. Underwood, D. G. Sire, | that the present is peculiarly the age of display,"
? providing," he adds, extremely an American characteristic as regards
modern Odd Fellowship; but either not understood or foreign to the
present idea of our British Columbia Jurisdiction. Besides, I find myself in accord with the opinion of our oldest and most prominent members who go so far as to say that the Order would be better if the esoteric
work was simpler, and instead of adding degrees it would be in keeping
with the aims and objects of the founders of our Order if the Encampment branch was reduced to an honorary degree.
Your remarks at Denver describing " what kind of men Odd Fellows
are," is exactly descriptive of our members; if you substitute the word
none tor few, referring to millionaires, and end at the word brains, and it
seems to the head of your most western jurisdiction an incomprehensible problem why your principal legislation of 1887 should have been
mostly referring to the Patriarchs Militant, and so much good legislation
referring to Subordinates should have been negatived, as though grasping after the shadow and leaving the substance to take care of itself. 586
The negative legislation I refer to, which this Jurisdiction so much
required, was:
1. Changing qualification for membership;
2. Working regalia for members in Lodges to be badges or ribbons;
3. Authority for State Grand Bodies to construe their laws for the
government of their Subordinates;
4. Power of State Grand Bodies to denominate " legal expenditures;"
5. Creating   a Juvenile Order of Odd Fellows (which might be
attached to our Rebekah Lodges.)
As to the first, I would like to know why foreign jurisdictions are
granted power to legislate towards admitting to membership applicants
younger than 21 and our Order on this continent refused ?
And again, referring to the "color f question, this Jurisdiction
never had an idea of admitting the objectionable persons to membership
such as you class "barbarians" and "heathen;'' but to us who know
those who have some native blood in them who are the descendants of
the pioneers of this province, it seems absurd to refuse them membership
on the race or color restriction, and I am certain that any Lodge in this
jurisdiction that would accept as a member any person debarred from
membership for the cause named, that that same person could gain
membership in any jurisdiction under your Sovereign Grand Lodge as
2k free white person and would be acceptable as a member.
You express an opinion that a Lodge would not have been very
culpable had they received as members those who could not be distinguished from pure white Caucasians, but knowing that they had native
blood in them. Query: Would the act with knowledge before not be
just as culpable before as after, and if the desire that " ultimately " a
universal brotherhood shall prevail, ought we not to begin with those who
are akin to ourselves.
I have the honor to be,
Yours, fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
PATRIARCHS MILITANT, I. 0. 0. F
Army Headquarters,
Covington, Ky., December 28, 1887.
Joshua Davies, Esq. :
My Dear Sir and Brother:—I write for the purpose of requesting
your assistance in further introducing and advancing the Degree of Patriarchs
Militant, which has proven of such great service in influencing young men to
join the Order, and causing Odd Fellows to take the Degrees to and including the Royal Purple, that they might be qualified to obtain membership in
a Canton. 587
The present is peculiarly the age of display, and the Militant branch of
Odd Fellowship has thoroughly demonstrated the advantage such Organization has been to the Order. Besides the military discipline and admirable
teachings, the Degree has served as an indirect means of replenishing the
treasuries of the Lodges and Encampments in every section where it has been
introduced by the successful formation of Cantons.
Initiates and other members of the Order of Odd Fellows who are desirous |
of becoming Chevaliers must obtain the Royal Purple Degree, and keep their
membership active in both Lodges and Encampments to which they belong,
therefore those bodies are the recipients of the money advantages derived
from the advancement of members for the purpose of placing them in condition to become Chevaliers, consequently, I would ask your aid in furthering
the P. M. movement, feeling confident that any assistance you give will
redound to the interest of the branch of the Order you specially represent.
I shall be very glad to give*you such detailed information with regard to
the formation of Cantons as you may desire, and request that you communicate with the influential members of the Order in your jurisdiction and write
me in the premises.
Truly and Fraternally,
JOHN C. UNDERWOOD,
Lieut.-General.
Victoria, B. C, 16th January, 1888.
John C. Underwood, D. G. S., Lieutenant-General, Covington, Kentucky:
Dear Sir and Brother:—Replying  to your  favor of Dec. 28th,
1887,1 would state that I have conferred with many members of our
Order on the subject of introducing the Canton Degree, and my opinion^
is fully endorsed by them, that we are not inclined to display, and our J
members would probably take little interest in the Encampment Militant, our opinion being that thorough work in the Subordinate Lodges
is all we require, and, that the practice of its teachings provides all the
enthusiasm? necessary for the advancement of our Order in this jurisdic-j
tion.   Our idea of the aims and object of our Order is simply carrying]
out the command as lettered on the Seal of the Sovereign Grand Lodge,
and the simpler the form the more eloquent its portrayal.
Yours, fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
* Victoria, B. O, December 27th, 1887.
Dear Brother Davey:—I have been endeavoring to ascertain the
reason for your having declined to attest, under seal of your office, the
instructions I issued to my District Deputies not to install officers to the
chairs of N. G. and V. G. unless they had their charges memorized, and
after carefully looking into the matter of your refusal, I can only arrive
at the conclusion, that in the compliance of my request you must have 588
considered that you were accepting a responsibility as a Grand Lodge
Officer in a matter in which you had a doubt as to its legality. The
written law as to a document to be authentic is possibly covered by
section 1228, and can properly be applied to all matters issued by the
Grand Master or his District Deputies; but as to commissions appointing an officer for any purpose, I am inclined to the belief that it is a
document that should issue from the Grand Secretary's office and would
be governed by section 802. 1 find, however, in the absence of any
specific legislation of our Grand Lodge, that the Grand Master has much
power given to him at his installation, such as placing all the Lodges in
the Jurisdiction under his care; impressing him with the fact that it is
his duty to see that the officers of those Lodges conduct the business in
a becoming manner; to enforce uniformity in all signs and charges as
well as the mode of working, besides which the whole tenor of his obligation impresses me with the fact that the function attaching to the
position of Grand Master makes him the responsible head of the Order,
and as such the use of the Seal on any official document is at his bidding.
I am therefore inclined to the belief that your refusal to attest under
seal to the documents under discussion was a mistake on your part. My
reason for addressing you on the subject is, that a similar question may
arise on the same subject, and unless defined by legislation may cause
friction between the two most important officers in the Order on some
future occasion. And as your position has heretofore been, and is at
present, filled so acceptably, and will probably be tendered to you so
long as you are able and desire the Grand Secretaryship of the Order, I
shall be pleased to have your suggestions on the subject to recommend
to the Grand Lodge.
I shall also be pleased to have your views on any subject that you
may desire to have brought forward at our next annual communication.
Yours, fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES.
COVENANT MUTUAL BENEFIT ASSOCIATION, GALESBURG,
ILLINOIS.
I herewith present you with all the information I have as to the status of
the above-named Association, being anxious in the absence of the Sovereign
Grand Lodge providing our Order with a mutual life insurance, to present to
the notice of members of this Jurisdiction the best association that makes a
specialty of insuring the lives of Odd Fellows. The Subordinate Lodges have
to some extent a responsibility attaching to them in the matter of the care of
the families of our departed Brethren, and in the interest of all it would be
best if our members would give this matter their serious attention by providing for those dependent upon them, and thereby relieving the Lodges from
this responsibility. From Grand Secretary Davey members can obtain full
information. 589
Victoria, B. .0., April 21st, 1887.
Wm. Stevenson, Esq., P. G., Agent Covenant Mutual Benefit Association
of Illinois:—
Dear Sir and Brother:—I have read the report of the proceedings of the ninth annual meeting of the Company you represent, together
with your introductory letters, which latter I now herewith return, and
it appears to me that your Company supplies just what the Order her J
has wanted, a cheap and safe life insurance for its members; and I hope
that the members of the Order in this Province will examine into yourj
Company's method of doing business, as they must, if provident, avail
themselves of your presence here.
Fraternally yours,
JOSHUA DAVIES, G. M.
Victoria, B. G, December 19th, 1887.
A. W. Berggren, Esq.,   President   of   the Covenant   Mutual  Benefit
Association of Illinois:—
Dear Sir and Brother:—On the 12th of November I addressed a!
communication to the Grand Master and Grand Secretary of the Grand
Lodge of Illinois asking certain questions relative to the above-named
Association, so that I could refer and recommend your Company to the
consideration of the Brotherhood of this Jurisdiction. To neither letter]
have I received as yet an answer. I herewith send you a copy of the
letters sent, and would request a reply from you and Secretary Phelps at
your earliest opportunity, and shall be pleased to have any other information on the subject you may desire to mention.
Yours, fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
Victoria, B. C, November 12th, 1887.
Dear Sir and Brother:—Acting upon ttje report of the Committee
of the State of the Order upon Grand Sire White's report relating tc
Insurance, Endowment and benefit associations, I have the honor tc
request that you will give me such information as may be of benefit to
the Order in this Jurisdiction by replying to the following questions;—
First—Does your Grand Lodge regulate and manage the Covenant
Mutual Benefit Association of Galesburg, HI., or exercise any
supervisory control over said association.
Second—Was it created by authority of the Grand Lodge of Illinois.
Third—Do you consider it is working on sound business principles.
Fourth—Has the Grand Lodge of Illinois passed any rules and
regulations for inquiring into the condition, business methods
and management of this association. 590
Fifth—a. State xour personal opinion of this association.
6. Of the personnel of its Directorate.
c. Of the advisability of its being recommended to members of
our Order.
Yours fraternally,
11 JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
To the Grand Secretary I. O. O. F., Illinois.
Office oe the Covenant Mutual Benefit )
Association oe Illinois, )
Galesburg, December 29th, 1887.
Joshua Davies, Esq., Victoria, B. C:
Dear Sir and Brother:—Your favor of the 19th inst. just at hand.
We have made copies of the letter containing the questions you wished
answered and sent them to the Grand Secretary and Grand Master of
this Jusisdiction, requesting that they answer and forward to you, and I
am sure they would have both willingly answered the questions had they
received the letter.
In reply to your first question, would say that the Grand Lodge of
this Jurisdiction does not regulate or control or manage the Covenant
Mutual Benefit Association.
Second: would say that it was not created by the Grand Lodge, and
that it does not use the name or emblems of the Order; but its connection with the Order is simply that it selects its membership entirely from
the membership of the Order, and that all the officers, directors and
managers must be members of the Order in good standing.
Third: We certainly consider it organized and working upon sound
business principles. It is not yet eleven years old, yet has over 27,000
active members, carrying insurance of over $76,000,000, and has already
paid in death losses to the widows and orphans of deceased Odd Fellows
more than $2,250,000; that it is to-day the largest assessment association,
with two exceptions, on this continent, and for its age, the largest life
insurance company or association in this country, with possibly one or
two exceptions.
Fourth: The Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois has not passed any
rules or regulations, or inquired into its condition, business methods, or
management; but that it is managed by a Board of some thirty-six
Directors, a large majority of whom now hold or have held the highest
offices in their Grand Jurisdictions, I enclose a circular, giving the
names of the Officers and Directors, from which you will see the offices
its Directors have held in the Grand Lodge and in the Sovereign Grand
Lodge. They are not only prominent, well-known Odd Fellows, but all
business men of high standing in the community in which they reside. 591
We might say further that the cost of insurance in this Association
is and has been less than in any other of any considerable size, and the
management expenses have been remarkably low, being less than 54 cts.
per thousand dollars at risk during 1886. We shall be pleased to answer
any further questions or furnish more explicit information on any point.
The Journal of Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Illinois for 1887
has not yet been printed. In writing the Secretary, I have requested
him to send you copy when printed. Our Session was held the latter
part of November. With kind personal regards, and trusting that the
information you have received will be sufficient to justify you in recommending the Association to the members of the Order in your Jurisdiction, I am, with the compliments of the season,
Fraternally yours,
A. W. BERGGREN,
President.
I. O. O. F.   GRAND LODGE OF ILLINOIS.
Office oe F. E. Huddle, Grand Secretary,
Bloomington, Hlinois, January 2nd, 1888.
Joshua Davies, Esq., Grand Master I. O. O. F., Victoria, British
Columbia:—
Dear Sir and Brother:—In reply to your questions of December
19th, which came to me through Past Grand Master Phelps, I would say
as follows:
First.—Our Grand Lodge exercises no supervising control nor does
it manage or regulate the Covenant Mutual Benefit Association of Gales-
burg, Illinois.
Second.—It was not created by authority of the Grand Lodge of
Hlinois.
Third.—I not only consider that it is working on" sound business
principles, but that it is the best and safest mutual insurance company
in existence.
Fourth,—The Grand Lodge of Hlinois has not passed any rules or
regulations for inquiring into its condition, business methods, and management, but its directory and membership are all good Odd Fellows,
and the former are able men in the Grand Lodge who annually
thoroughly investigate its accounts and management.
Fifth.—My personal opinion of the Association is that it is a decided
honor and benefit to our grand Fraternity. That its directory is the
best in both talent and honor that you could wish for in this locality.
That there is nothing improper in recommending it to members of our 592
Order; but on the contrary, that it is fraternal favor to such of them as
desire life insurance, to do so.
With kindest regards, I remain,
Fraternally yours,
F. E. HUDDLE,
Grand Secretary.
P. S.—I send you a Journal by this maiL
I.  0.  0.   F.  GRAND LODGE OF ILLINOIS.
Office of the Grand Master,
Paris, Illinois, January 28th, 1888.
Joshua Davies, Esq., Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of B. C, I. 0. 0. F.:
Dear Sir and Brother :—A copy of your letter of the 12th of November,
1887, addressed to Brother J. S. Carr, who was then Grand Master of this
State, has been forwarded to me by Brother E. F. Phelps, and I submit the
following as my answer to your questions—
First—Our Grand Lodge does not manage or exercise any control over the
Covenant Mutual Benefit Association of Galesburg.
Second—It was not created by any authority of this Grand Lodge.
Third—I do consider it working on sound business principles. I belong to
it myself, and have done so for some years.
Fourth—This Grand Lodge has not passed any rules for inquiring into the
condition, etc., of this Association, but nearly all the members of the Order
in this State keep informed as to the management of the Association.
a. My personal opinion of the C. M. B. A. is, that every Odd Fellow
should belong to it, and by that means provide for his wife and children when
he is called hence.
6. The directorate is composed of the best men of our Order; nearly
all of them are Past Grand Masters of this State.
c. I should certainly recommend the Association to the members of
my Jurisdiction (knowing what I do of it) if I was situated as you are.
Hoping this information will be what you need, if not I shall be only too
pleased to answer further questions. I have forwarded your request for a
copy of the Journal of 1887 to our Grand Secretary, with instructions to send
you one at once.
Yours, Fraternally, in Friendship, Love, and Truth,
GEORGE F.  HOWARD,
Grand Master.
Victoria^B. C, January 13th, 1888.
F. E. Huddle, Esq., Grand Secretary G. L. Illinois:—
Dear Sir and Brother:—I have your favor of 2nd instant, also
bound copy of your Journal, 1887, for which I thank you. I am of opinion that the Covenant Mutual Benefit Association would, so far as this 593
Jurisdiction is concerned, find it to their advantage to have the Grand
Lodge of Illinois exercise some control over its workings and be represented on the Board of Directors, such representative to report at each
session of your Grand Lodge. Personally your explanation of the status
of the Association is satisfactory.
Yours, fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
I. O. O. F.   GRAND LODGE OF ILLINOIS.
Office of F. E. Huddle, Grand Secretary,
Bloomington, Illinois, January 24th, 1888.
Joshua Davies, Esq., Grand Master I. O. O. F., Victoria,.B. C:
Dear Sir and Brother:—In reply to yours of the 13th instant, I
would say that under the present management of our Order I cannot see
how our Grand Lodge could in any way assume control over or direction
of the Covenant Mutual Benefit Association, further than to make such
investigations as were authorized by the resolutions adopted in the
Sovereign Grand Lodge in 1885,1886 and 1887. I can assure you, however, that that institution is as reliable, safe and well managed as if the
Grand Lodge itself conducted the business, and you need have no fear
about it.
Fraternally yours,
F. E. HUDDLE,
Grand Secretary.
Office of the Grand Master, Grand Lodge
oe Wyoming, I. 0. 0. F.
}
Laramie, Wyoming, Dec. 13th, 1887.
To the Grand Master I. 0. 0. F., British Columbia:
Dear Sir and Brother;—I can truthfully recommend the Covenant
Mutual Association of Galesburg, 111., as one of the most beneficial insurance
organizations connected with our Order. I have been a member of it for the
past 5 years, as are also a great number of the members belonging to both
Lodges in this city, and have heard them endorse it very highly; we are
always glad to see Bro. Stevenson, the agent, come around, for he is sure of
getting a hearty welcome, and adds members to his list every time. When
the amount of good it does for so small an outlay, in relieving the families of
deceased brothers, is taken into consideration, 1 think it cannot be too highly
spoken of and recommended amongst the members of the different jurisdictions.    Hoping it will flourish and prosper in yours,
Fraternally yours,
CHAS. T. GALE,
Grand Master of Wyoming. 594
Office of Grand Master, I. O. 0. F., Colorado,
Golden, Colo., January 3rd, 1888.
To all whom it may Concern, Greeting:
Know Ye, That I can unhesitatingly recommend the Covenant Mutual
Association of Galesburg, 111., as one of the most reliable, safe and cheap
insurance companies of any in or out of the Order.
All brother Odd Fellows of my acq uaintance who have taken out policies
in it, speak very highly of its honorable and fair dealings.
And it cannot be too highly recommended when we take into consideration the great amount of relief furnished to the widows and orphans of Odd
Fellows.
Yours, etc,
JOSEPH MANN,
Grand Master,
This Association reports to the S. G. L. for the year ending 1887 as follows:—
Receipts—-$695,290.95.
Paid to Families of Deceased Members—$482,054.01.
Paid for Expenses—$70,636.19.
Number of Members Received—5,614.
Number of Members Lapsed—1,924.
Deaths—211.
Members in Good Standing—26,361.
Money on Hand, Invested or on Deposit June 30th, 1887—$282,103.27.
Being by far the largest and strongest company insuring  solely members
of our Order.
SOVEREIGN GRAND LODGE PROCEEDINGS
In the absence of a Grand Representative from this jurisdiction to
the Sovereign Grand Lodge, I herewith present you a collected report,
which, if distributed to each member, would be of interest and benefit
to the Order generally and of information to our brotherhood ; a charge
covering the printing would doubtless be satisfactory to the lodges
throughout the jurisdiction.
The annual session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge was held at Denver,
Colorado, September 19th to 24th, and was pronounced by those who
were best able to judge as having been one of the most harmonious,
profitable, and pleasant sessions in its history.
The Grand Officers and Representatives were escorted at 8 a.m. from
the Windsor Hotel to the Tabor Grand Opera House by the Officers of
the Grand Lodge and Grand Encampment, the local Committee of
Arrangements and Patriarchs Militant under the command of Col. I. N.
Rogers, department commander and staff. 595
His Excellency, Alva Adams, Governor of Colorado, extended a hearty
welcome to the Sovereign Grand Lodge to the Red Rock State in an
address bristling with good will, noble sentiments of respeot and love,
for our Order.
Major Lee's welcome was as warm and earnest as that of the Governor
although not an Oddfellow.
Grand Secretary Norman, on behalf of the Hon. David Riegle, Grand
Master of the Grand Lodge of Colorado, said :—
We welcome you from a heart whose language is love; whose simple words rebounding in joyous echoes from the mountain sides of high, holy ambition, live
eternal through the valleys of fife.
Grand Sire White's address in response was pronounced one of the
best, if not the best, effort of his long and active career in the Order.
At the conclusion of these exercises, the line of march was resumed to
the Chamber of Commerce, where the Sovereign Grand Lodge was
received and welcomed by its President* who tendered the use of its hall
for the session.
The Grand Lodge was then formally opened, Grand Sire White
presiding with marked ability, his knowledge of the laws of the Order
and Parliamentary usages expediting the business and promoting the
success of the session now closed.
All the officers were present, the representatives of forty-one Grand
Lodges and twenty-three Grand Encampments, also five Past Grand
Sires.
Condition of the Obdeb.
The year ending December 1886 was a prosperous one.
The increase in membership has been notably marked, with indications of
greater prosperity in the future.
Statistics oe Sovereign Grand Lodge.
Grand Lodges	
Grand Encampments	
Subordinate Lodges	
Subordinate Encampments..
Rebekah Degree Lodges	
Lodge intiations... .^	
Encampment initiations.
Lodge members	
Encampment members	
Rebekah. D. L. members	
Relief by Lodges	
Relief by Encampments	
Relief by Rebekah Lodges...
Total relief	
Revenue of Lodges..	
Revenue of Encampments...
Revenue of Rebekah Lodges
Total revenue ,
Dec. 81st, 1885. Dec, 31st, 1886.
SI,
5,
54
44
7,956
1,947
1,247
36,340
7,165
517,310
94,376
58,025
960,418 00
205,620 24
14,863 69
180,901 93
764,111 96
473,652 00
71,924 81
809,688 77
54
44
8,109
1,996
1,345
44,906
9,637
530,300
97,773
67,291
$2,002,418 77
208,614 92
16.290 81
2,227,324 50
5,079,880 00
496,268 05
83,624 32
5,659,
I4*
Increase.
8,566
2,472
12,990
3,397
9,266
$42,000 77
2,994 68
1,427 12
46,422 57
815,768 04
22,616 05
11,699 51
350,083 60 596
The annual reports show that from 1878, when the first reports on the subject were
made, to 1886, inclusive, 3,618,448 weeks' benefits have been paid by Lodges, increasing
from 115.289 in 1873 to 360,817 in 1886. For several years after 1878, several Grand
Bodies foiled to furnish this information, but in recent years all, or nearly all, have
reported the item.
The foUowing statements embrace the statistics compiled from returns to the
Sovereign Grand Lodge, and, so far as the information could be obtained,from Bodies
reporting to the Grand Lodges of Australasia and Germany:
STATISTICS OF THE ORDER FROM 1830 TO DECEMBER 31st., 1886.
Initiations in Subordinate Lodges  1,460,456
Members relieved „ m.m 1,265,268
Widowed f amilies relieved  163,578
Members deceased  124,060
Total relief  §43,589,061 87
Total receipts  115,014,145 25
CONDITION OF THE ORDER DECEMBER 81st. 1886.
Sovereign Grand Lodge •  I
Independent Grand Lodges (German Empire and Australasia)........... 2
Subordinate Grand Encampments  47
Subordinate Encampments  2,016
Subordinate Grand Lodges  65
Subordinate Lodges  8,334
Encampment members •*  100,223
Lodge members • -  547,856
The Treasurer received from all sources during the year, including
interest on bonds, $48,161.63, paid vouchers $44,639.03.
AVAILABLE ASSETS OF THE SOVEREIGN GRAND LODGE.
Cash in treasury  $25,819
United States iY% per cent bonds     55,800
Total $81,619
The total assets of every shape amounts to $118,130.06.
The expenses of the Sovereign Grand Lodge for the ensuing year
was ascertained to be $50,567.02.
Decisions.
The Grand Sire rendered 37 decisions during the year, all of which,
with one or two modifications, were approved. The following are of
most interest to this jurisdiction.
1. A member in good standing in a Lodge under the immediate jurisdiction of
the Sovereign Grand Lodge, is sick with a cancerous tumor in his nose and mouth.
He is a Judge of the Supreme Court, and when the court sits in banc to hear cases on
appeal, his presence is required to complete the full bench, and he has been permitted
by his physician to attend at such terms three'times, one day in a week, during a period
of four months of such sickness. He is not allowed to speak, but communicates in
writing. His monthly salary has been paid during his sickness, the same as if he were
attending regularly to business. The By-Laws of the Lodge provide for benefits, " in
case of being rendered incapable by sickness or accident of providing for his own
support." The case is not free from doubt. The Brother is, however, able to some
extent to follow his usual occupation, and by that means does and is capable of " pro- 597
Curing the means of subsistence for himself."   Article III., Section 6, Constitution of
Subordinates.
The question of income from investments (Section 73, Digest) has nothing to do
with it. Here the income is the fruits of his employment. I therefore hold that the
Brother is not entitled to benefits.
2. Our law does not recognize collateral relatives at all, unless they were members
of the family at the time of his death and dependent on him for support. The r'ght of
property to the funeral benefits is in the family of the deceased, and not in the
Brother. It does not begin to exist until after his death, and if there are no dependent
relatives, no benefits are to be paid. The law does not, in such a case, cast the estate
anywhere, because there is *no estate to be cast.
The law covering the entire case of benefits may be found in the Digest, S. G. L.,
Sections 86, 87, 88, 89 et seq., and in Journal S. G. L., 1886, pages 10,254,10,487,10,511.
3. The By-Laws of a Lodge debar its members from benefits who are more than
thirteen weeks in arrears for dues. The Lodge appointed a collector to present and
collect, at the end of each quarter, all dues owing by the members. A Brother was
thirteen weeks behind in his dues, October 1st. On October 12th he paid the collector
the amount due, and on October 13th he had to quit business on account of sickness.
The next Lodge meeting, which was October 18th, the money was credited to the
Brother's account by the Secretary, who was not the collector. The Lodge has a law,
approved by the Grand Lodge, that all moneys paid to the Lodge officers between the
adjournment of the Lodge at one meeting and the opening of the Lodge at the next
meeting, shall be credited as paid at the meeting after it was paid to the officer. In
such a case the Brother is not entitled to benefits. The Lodge-room is the place to
pay dues, and if paid in recess to any member or officer, that member or officer is
simply the agent of the Brother in the matter, and, as a general rule, the Lodge is only
bound by it as a payment when it comes to the hands of the proper officer in the
Lodge-room to be credited in his account. There is no safety in any other rule. The
words -'at any time," in Section 373, Digest, should be construed "at any Lodge meeting," and not in recess.
IN REFERENCE TO DEGREE OF REBEKAH.
5. A Daughter of Rebekah who received her degree in her husband's Subordinate
Lodge during his life, is not, after his death and her remarriage to one not a member
of the Order, eligible for membership in a Degree Lodge of the Daughters of Rebe~
kah.—Digest, Section 341; Journal, S. G. L. 9858.
The policy of the law seems to be not to deprive her of any privilege which she
possesses, but not to grant her any additional ones.—Digest, Sections 244,345.
6. An unmarried daughter of an Odd Fellow, after joining a Degree Lodge of the
Daughters of Rebekah, married a man not a member of the order- Her dues are paid,
and since her marriage she has been elected to office, In such a case she does not by
her marriage forfeit her membership, and it can in no way affect her standing in the
Lodge.—Digest, 344.
7. The widow of an Odd Fellow, who had received the Degree of Rebekah during
the life of her husband, in his Subordinate Lodge, is eligible to membership in a
Rebekah Degree Lodge upon a card from the Subordinate of which her husband was a
member, although her husband at the time of his death was not in good standing in
his Subordinate Lodge.
In 1874 the Grand Lodge (Sections 383, 359, Digest) authorized Withdrawal Cards
to be issued by Rebekah Lodges, and provides that they may admit to membership on
deposit of card. In view of the usually liberal construction of all the laws relating
to the Degree of Rebekah, I am constrained to hold that the Sovereign Grand Lodge,
when it provided that such Lodges might admit to membership by deposit of card,
intended to cover all the cases in which cards were then authorized to be issued by any
Lodge, either Rebekah or Subordinate.   It will be observed that all the legislation in 98
Which good standing is required, has reference to conferring the degree and not to
membership. The question whether she could now receive the degree is quite another
thing, although it is worthy of note that the legislation of 1868 as amended in 1871
(Digest, Section 823), authorizing the Lodges to confer the degree, says nothing about
good standing in cases of certificates presented by Subordinate Lodges.
8. An unmarried step-daughter of an Odd Fellow of the Degree of Truth, if eighteen years of age, is eligible to membership in a Degree Lodge of the Daughters of
Rebekah.   See Journal, S. G. L., 1886, pages 10,520,10,659,
9. Since the enactment of the law (Digest, Section 3515), all officers of Degree
Lodges of the Daughters of Rebekah, whether Brothers or Sisters, must wear the
regalia described in that section.
10. Subordinate Lodges are not entitled or allowed to purchase or use the new
Rebekah Degree Ritual, and consequently cannot exchange their old Rituals for the
new.
11. Rebekah Degree Lodges working under the new Ritual cannot lawfully give
that Work before a Subordinate Lodge open in the Degree of Rebekah. The new
Ritual is for the exclusive use of Rebekah Lodges,
REBEKAH SUPPLEMENTARY.
3. Question. Can a team gotten up for the purpose of working the Rebekah
Degree be aUowed to take the places of the officers and work the Degree ?
Answer. A Noble Grand or Vice Grand of any Lodge, Subordinate or Rebekah, is
not obliged to surrender his chair to a Team in conferring the Degrees, although I
think these officers in a Rebekah Lodge should allow it to be done, unless they are
capable of doing it in a creditable manner themselves. As a rule the ladies take more
pride in the matter than the male members, and the times are such as to require a
departure in some cases from the old rules.
14. The question which you ask, viz., " Can a Subordinate Lodge appropriate, in
whole or in part, its Lodge funds to purchase stock in an Odd Fellows' Hall Association, which association is to erect a building for Lodge purposes, among other
things ? " is of very great importance and very far reaching. That there should be
some limit to the power of Lodges to appropriate their funds in this direction must
be apparent to every one, but I find nothing that throws much light on the subject. I
do not think that a lodge should invest its funds to such an extent in anything as to
disenable it from being in a situation to respond to calls likely t4 be made upon it for
the relief of its distressed members, but it may and should invest its surplus funds in
such a way as to produce an income by way of interest, dividends or rentals. It is my
opinion that it is not advisable for Lodges to take stock in associations which are or
may be controUed by others than Odd Fellows, unless it be in some business corporation. Therefore, as at present advised, I think the rule should be, and I decide, that
an Odd Fellows' Lodge may, for the purpose of providing a place for its meetings, use
a reasonable portion of its funds to purchase stock in an Odd Fellows' Hall Association, although such hall or building when erected wiU be in part used for other than
Odd Fellow purposes.
15. To your question, " Do you understand, by the report of the committee, page
10,521, on Decision 33, and adopted page 10,659, that a Lodge cannot expend any money
for observing April 26th, or only forbids expending money for a collation and dance ? "
Answer—I do not understand that, by that report, a lodge cannot expend any
money for observing April 26th, nor do I understand that it " only forbids expending
money for a coUation and dance.'.'
It seems to me to be almost impossible to lay down any general rule applicable to
every conceivable set of circumstances, but 1 think the principle to be evolved from
the decisions is about as f oUows :
A Subordinate Lodge may expend a reasonable amount of its funds to defray*the4 S9#
necessary expenses incident to the celebration of the introduction of Odd Fellowship
in America, in such a manner a9 shaU tend to promulgate and iUustrate its principles,
or to elevate it or dignify it in the eyes of the community, such as hiring halls, paying
for printing, procuring orators, etc., but not for those things which contribute merely
to the pleasure or gratification of the individual member, such as parties, balls, picnics, excursions, banquets and the like, and that, within these limits, the question is
one for the Subordinate or its immediate Grand Jurisdiction.
20. Section 289, Digest, requiring baUoting for degrees to be upon the same evening on which application is made therefor, is doubtless applicable to Encampments
as well as to Lodges, though as to the latter, the subject may now be regulated by the
local legislation*—Journal, S. G. L., 1885, page 10,089.
21. A Brother holding a Withdrawal Card out of date, or a Dismissal Certificate,
may join in applying for a Charter for a new Lodge of Odd Fellows, but the application must be signed by five Third Degree members who hold unexpired Withdrawal
Cards.—Digest, Sections 1162*7,1177,1178.
The term | Brothers of the Order in good standing," as used in Article I. of the By-
Laws, Sovereign Grand Lodge, Digest, Section 1162, must be construed to mean,
Brothers holding unexpired Withdrawal Cards.
22. The law of New Jersey provides that % A person cannot be initiated in any
Lodge than the one nearest or most convenient to his residence, without the consent of
said Lodge." A person applied to his nearest Lodge, Clinton, for membership, and
was rejected, of which rejection Harrison Lodge was notified. Notwithstanding this,
Harrison Lodge elected and initiated such person. On complaint to the Grand
Master the Lodge pleaded guilty. No fraud was practiced upon Harrison Lodge, as the
applicant informed the committee that he had been rejected by Clinton Lodge. On
this state of facts the Grand Master issued his mandate forbidding Harrison Lodge
from conferring the Degrees upon the person initiated, and asks what is the remedy,
and whether the law, Section 62, Digest, applies.
Answer—Harrison Lodge is guilty of a wilful violation of law and is liable to such
penalty as the Grand Lodge may deem adequate to the offence. I do not see that the
membership of Feindt can be disturbed, but the Lodge can be prohibited from confer-
ing the Degrees upon him; at all events, this is my present opinion, and I would
advise you to make the prohibition permanent, unless the consent of Clinton Lodge
be first obtained. I hardly think Section 620 applies to the case, although the Grand
Lodge may doubtless fine the Lodge, on conviction, to that extent, or even much
more. .   *
23. Applications for permission to initiate residents of territory under the immediate jurisdiction of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, into Lodges under State Jurisdictions, have been made to me from time to time, and I have decided to grant and
have granted those applications only where the jurisdictions were contiguous and the
Lodge in which it was proposed to initiate was the nearest one to the residence of the
applicant. It is the general rule that persons can be admitted only into Lodges
nearest the places of their residence. This was first held in 1848 (Digest, 626), and reaffirmed many times since, the last time in 1884. (Digest 615, 618, 619. 627). But this is
the rule only in the absence of local legislation. (Digest, 626a, 628.) This geneial
rule has been held to apply to all cases of admissions in a jurisdiction different from
that of the applicant (Digest, 615, 616, 618, 619), save the exceptional decision in 1883.
(Digest, 622a). The rule is a salutary one, as the health, character, and standing of the
applicant are usually weU known to the members of the Lodge, and the dangers of receiving a bad man is comparatively little. The decision of 1883 goes upon the theory
that Section 3, Article XVI., of the Constitution of 1854, authorizes admissions in any
other jurisdiction, if consent be obtained, which is a mistake. That section simply
prohibits admissions without consent, and of course the consent is to be obtained*in
the cases and under the circumstances authorized by the law as it existed when the
section was adopted, there being no such provision in the old Constitution, In 1862
the Legislative Committee reported, and the Grand Lodge adopted a resolution author- 600
izing Subordinates in contiguous or adjacent jurisdictions to admit to membership
persons whose residence "though not actually in said jurisdiction is nearest the place
of location'1'' of such Subordinate (Digest,617) thus giving a legislative construction
to the Constitutional provision. This was re-affirmed in 1865. (Digest, 618), The decision (622a) seems to violate another long-established principle, that of admitting a
temporary resident. (Digest, 622, 623, 624). For these reasons, and believing that the
decision of 1884, in effect, overrules that of 1883,1 have followed the long-established
rule, that the applicant must live in an adjacent jurisdiction, and apply to the Lodge
nearest his residence.
24- When the officers at installation retire in charge of the Grand Marshal for
examination, they should retire in form—that is, address the Chairs.
25. A Grand Mastei, when introducing a visiting Brother, enters the Lodge in his
official capacity. He announces himself as Grand Master with a visiting Brother, and
is entitled to be received with the honors of the Order, and must be so received. The
honors are not to be given to the visiting Brother, unless he also be entitled thereto.
28. Appeal of Chables J, Fishel from the decision of the D, D. Grand Sire of the
Sandwich Islands.
The facts in this case, as it appears from the concurring statements of the appellant
and the D. D. Grand Sire, are as follows:
Harmony Lodge No. 3. failed to hold one of its regular meetings for the term ending December 31st, 1886, from want of a quorum, occasioned by the celebration of the
Fourth of July, occurring on the fifth of that month, the fourth being Sunday, the
appellant, the then Noble Grand, claiming that he was present at the Lodge-Room, but
that he could not procure the attendance of sufficient members to open the Lodge,
The Noble Grand and Vice-Grand were both actually present in said Lodge during
said term and served more than fourteen meeting-nights of the term, and held their
respective offices until their successors were installed, on the first meeting of January
last. It appears, also, that on three meeting-nights of the preceding term the Lodge
foiled to hold a meeting for want of a quorum. The Noble Grand and Vice Grand of
that term also served a majority of nights and held office until its close. After the
installation of officers in January last, it was claimed that the appellent was not
eligible to the position of Noble Grand when he was elected thereto, by reason of the
failure to hold the three meetings above specified, and that he was not entitled to the
honors of Past Grand by reason of the failure to hold the one meeting in the last term,
as above mentioned. The D. D. Grand Sire, on the authority of Section 265, Digest,
so decided, and from this decision the appeal is taken.
I decided as follows:—Perhaps the literal interpretation of Digest, 265, would
justify your decision, but on a thorough examination of the question, and the way it
came up, I am compelled to think that you have fallen into an error. The history of
the matter is as follows: On the first organization of our Order the terms of Subordinate Lodges were thirteen weeks, and there appears to have been no regular time for
the terms to end. It would seem that *he term commenced at the first meeting after
the Charter was granted and ended thirteeu weeks from that time. They were not
quarterly or half-yearly terms, commencing and ending with certain months in the
year. Grand Sire Kennedy, in his annual report in 1842, says: " The periods at which
terms of Lodges and Encampments commence and end are as greatly diversified as the
number of them could possibly permit." (Journal, 445). To remedy this defect, and
so that proper statistics could be collected, it was enacted (Journal, 491) that annual
reports be made from July 1st to June 30th; semi-annual, if any, from July 1st to
December 31st, and quarterly reports on the first days of July, October, January and
April in each year, and that when the longest part of the term (seven weeks or more)
under the present regulation shall have expired, Subordinates were authorized to
make one short term, so as to end the quarter as above specified, and the officers would
be entitled to the honors; and when less than seven weeks of a quarter shall have expired, they are directed to extend the term, and (Journal, 494) that the officers hold
for the remnant of that quarter and to the end of the next quarter.   By this law the 601
terms were changed from a given number of consecutive meeting-nights to periods of
time, and all had a uniform ending, Now, terms end either in January and July or
April and October, six months, and the term ends when the period arrives, whether
twenty-six or six meetings have been held. It may have been from a misapprehension
of these things that the latter part of Section 265 was enacted. A dispensation with
Lodge-meetings is undoubtedly illegal and improper, but it cannot be that an illegal
dispensation of one of twenty-six Lodge meetings, against the protest, perhaps, of its
Noble Grand, would deprive that officer, who had faithfully served for twenty-five
nights of a term, of the honors due to his faithful service. There is no justice in it.
Besides, it has been decided, over and over again, that an officer who has served a
majority of the nights of a term (fourteen), if in office at the end of the term, is entitled to the honors of the office. The enactment (Section 265) cannot be upheld unless
it can be construed to mean that the dispensation spoken of prevented the officers
from serving a majority of the nights of the term. This can, however, hardly be
claimed for it. I have never had occasion before to critically examine the question,
but am clear that the foregoing views are correct.
I therefore decide that the retiring officers of Harmony Lodge, No. 3, are entitled
to the honors of the term if they were present in the Lodge-room a majority of the
meeting-nights of the term, and held their offices to the close of the term..
I must also overrule your decision as to the preceding term upon substantially the
same principle. If the officers served a majority of the nights of the term, they are
not debarred from the honors of those offices from the fact that the Lodge failed, for
want of a quorum, to hold three meetings out of the twenty-six. If three meetings
would do it one would, and if that were so a large number of the officers would fail of
their honors for the same reason.
29. " A Brother paid his fee for the Second Degree, and before he was ready to
take it was called away to another jurisdiction. He made no provision for the payment of his dues." In such a case the Lodge cannot apply the money so paid in on
his dues, nor can he demand it back unless the Lodge refuses to confer the degree on
demand. The demand must be made before suspension for non-payment of dues,
otherwise the degree-fee is forfeited unless the Brother be re-instated.
QUALIFICATIONS FOR MEMBERSHIP.
The Grand Sire reports that among the proposed amendments to the Constitution
pending, is one of which I trust it may not be inappropriate for me to say a few word s.
That amendment is the one to Article XVI., Section 2, found on page 10,483 of the
Journal, relating to the age of applicants. Long and careful reflection and study, extending over a number of years, have convinced my naturally conservative mind that
this amendment ought to be adopted. The age fixed is an ^entirely arbitrary one.
When established it was so fixed from the experience of past ages as the proper period
at which to invest the youth with the exercise of certain rights not enjoyed by those of
tender years, it being considered that they had then arrived at such an age as to be
qualified by education and experience to proper^ discharge the duties devolving upo n
them. This standard, entirely proper in the past, is not suited to this age. Now,
young men at eighteen are much better qualified to exercise the rights of manhood
than those at twenty-one were when the rule was established. With the introduction
and establishment of the common school, the newspaper, the telegraph and other
helps to education and civilization, the boy of eighteen of to-day is more experienced,
farther advanced in education, and better qualified for business than the man of
yesterday was at twenty-five or thirty. Why, then, retain this arbitrary period of
twenty-one ? The usual objection is, that the laws of the land not recognizing them
as competent to enter into contracts, it would be a source of trouble and render
Lodges liable to law-suits on their behalf. The experience of other Orders does not
bear out this assertion, and, besides, it is a fact within the knowledge of any Odd'
Fellow of ten years' standing, that it is not the young men in the Order who make the
trouble, it is the old members who create all or nearly all the disturbance. Again,
that it would be of great benefit"to our Order I have no doubt.   It would infuse new life and blood into it and give it an unwonted vitality. The class who would naturally
be brought in by this amendment are the class to don the uniform of the Patriarchs
Militant, and thus increase that branch of the Order. It would also be of incalculable
benefit to large numbers of worthy young men by bringing them within the influence
and under the teachings of our Ritual. The good seed would thus be sown on a pure
and virgin soil, and be much more apt to take root and bear fruit, such as pure Odd
Fellowship only can bring forth. Allow me to repeat that, after a most careful and
painstaking examination and consideration of the subject, I have come to the conclusion that this amendment ought to, and 1 trust it will, be adopted. The growing
sentiment of the Order will compel it ultimately, and there are many reasons why
now is the accepted time.
ENCAMPMENTS,
A resolution was passed in 1885 that all of the Encampments in British Columbia
now or hereafter to be organized, be and they are hereby transferred to the jurisdiction of the Grand Encampmint of Washington Territory until a Grand Encampment
is organized in said British Columbia, provided said Encampments request bo be so
transferred; otherwise to remain under the jurisdiction of the Sovereign Grand
•Lodge.—Journal, 10,527,10,661.
Bro. John Weiler, D. D. Grand Sire of British Columbia, was informed Octobe
13th, of the above action, and under date of October 30th he advised: "I have communicated to the various Encampments the resolutions in regard to jurisdiction, and
await their decision."
The Encampments affected by the above action are Vancouver, No
Harmony, No. 2, New Westminster; Nanaimo, No. 4, Nanaimo. November 17th, 1886,
Vancouver, No, 1, indicated its desire to be under the Grand Encampment of Washington; March 23d, 1887, a similar request was made by Harmony, No. 2, and November
25th, 1886, by Nanaimo, No. 4; therefore all the Encampments in British Columbia are
now under the jurisdiction of the Grand Encampment of Washington.
In Grand Secretary Theo. A. Ross' report I find the following : —
HOMES.
The feeling seems to be growing that the time has arrived when suitable provision
should be made for the care of aged and indigent members of the Order in their declining years, and for widows and orphans left destitute by the removal by death of
their dependence for support. In several States organizations of this truly benevolent
character are in successful operation, and in other jurisdictions projects for ' Homes "
have assumed definite shape, promising encouraging results in the near future in this
important field of labor. Certainly no worthier object than the relief of the helpless
in the hour of need can enlist the attention and the energies of the members of an
institution organized for the help of the afflicted and distressed, the protection of the
widow and orphan, and efforts in this direction demonstrate that the well-known
words—
| Failing not wifen life has perished,
Living still beyond the tomb,"
are not meaningless professions.   In view of the movements referred to, it is hoped
that future reports from Grand Bodies will show a grand work accomplished in the
direction indicated.
MANCHESTER UNITY.
In the absence of official statistics relating to this Order, the following extract
from a newspaper publication is submitted:
t% The Annual Moveable Committee was held in Dover, England, on the 30th day of
May, 1887. The address of the Grand Master stated the strength of the order 617,587
members, a net increase of 11,665 during the past year The Juvenile branch numbers
31,375, making the total membership of the Unity, 648,962.
cent were under 25 years of age.   The Grand Master hopes that the correspondence
had with Grand Sire Henky F. Garey, last year, will eventually result in a system of 603
1^
intercommunication being established between the Manchester Unity and the Independent Order, so that members may be allowed to visit each other's Lodges, and,
under proper restrictions, have an oversight of members in sickness and in distress.'
The following is the legislation of special interest to our jurisdiction:
Changing qualification for membership from 21 to 18. Rejected.
(Journal 10920).
Authority for State Grand Bodies to construe their laws for the
government of their subordinates.   Indefinitely postponed.   (Journal
10921.)
Burial Ceremony for a Daughter of Rebekah, by Mrs. Louise B. Hall
of Evansville, and to be printed and sold as other supplies.
Dues and Benefits.—The Committee reported that the Sovereign
Grand Lodge should compel the adoption of sound business regulations
by all subordinates, and recommends:
4'That a pamphlet not exceeding twenty pages be prepared containing extracts
from the various reports of Special Committees on Dues and Benefits, and that a copy
be sent to each Subordinate Lodge, together with a circular directing that action be
taken thereon," That your Committee be continued, and that the Grand Sire fill any
vacancies therein.   Considered and adopted.   (Journal 10952,11005).
Endowment.—Upon the Memorial from the Grand Lodge of Nevada,
desiring an insurance or endowment feature, as auxiliary to the T. O. O.F.
the Committee reported, " they were not prepared " at this time to endorse it, submitting the following resolution:
" That the Grand Secretary be and he is'hereby directed to transmit to the various
Grand\Jurisdictions the following query: * Does your Grand Jurisdiction favor an
insurance or endowment department under the supervision and control of the Sovereign Grand Lodge ?' and to further request that the various Jurisdictions shall if they
see proper, instruct their Representatives in accordance with the action taken upon
the query, whether favorable or otherwise. Considered and not adopted. (Journal
10972,11025).
I would recommend that this Grand Lodge express an opinion; the
question will without doubt be brought again forward, the vote standing
55 for and 58 against. I consider that the adoption of the Endowment
or Insurance feature under the Sovereign Grand Lodge would be of
benefit to the Order.
On Creating a Juvenile Order of Odd Fellows: The Committee
u deem it very advisable that something be done to conserve to Odd
Fellowship the boys and young men not yet of sufficient age to enter our
Order," and recommended a Committee be appointed to report at the
next regular session. Considered and indefinitely postponed,. (Journal
11037.)
A. J. Smith and others vs. Grand Lodge of Indiana, appeal sustained, Wabash Canton being compelled to give good security with legal
interest or repay borrowed money used in purchasing uniforms and
regalia. 604:
I It was the sense of the Sovereign Grand Lodge that no Lodge should divert its
funds from the uses for which they were paid in, nor loan the same at any time without ample security being given and a reasonable interest being paid."
I njention this matter as such transactions as this is to the injury of
every State Grand Body, and in a very great measure probably decides
the Sovereign Grand Lodge in refusing authority for State Grand
Bodies to construe their laws for the government of their subordinates,
and further that the Canton Degree is to my mind productive of extravagant expenditures and is foreign to the aims and objects of the founders of our Order.
/
Degree of Rebekah.
Reports show a large increase in the number of Lodges, membership,
and finances.
RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED.
Resolved.—That Grand Masters of the various State jurisdictions in which Degree
Lodges of the Daughters of Rebekah exist are authorised to appoint Deputies from
among the lady Past Noble Grands of such Lodges, to exercise the duties of installation and such other duties in said Lodges as their office empowers them to do; and be
it further resolved that installing officers for the Rebekah Degree Lodges are authorized to fill the various positions in the installation of officers of such Lodges with
lady Past Noble Grands. " That a lady member of a Rebekah Degree Lodge, being in
good standing, has the right to ask and receive a Withdrawal Card and the right to deposit the same for re-admission to the Order under the same rules and regulations as
govern that subject in subordinate Lodges."   (Journal, 11,015,11,034).
Subordinate Lodges must have Rebekah Degree Ritual, and all elective Officers must be instructed in the work of the degree before installation. Tour attention is called to Section 930, White's Digest, also
Journal, 11,029 and 11,035.
This Grand Lodge was relieved from the payment of the Representative Tax for the year 1887.—(Journal, 10,916,10,977.)
| The only persons who are the beneficiaries of a funeral benefit are the orphans
or dependent relatives of the deceased, or relatives upon whom the deceased was
dependent at the time of death. Dependent relatives are relatives who were members
of the family of the deceased, and were dependent upon the deceased for support at
the time of death."—(Journal, 10,908,10,976).
The Committee on the use of badges in lieu of collars recommended a badge two
inches wide by six inches long in colors as collars now worn. Not adopted. (Journal,
10,950, 11,003, 11,004).
I am of opinion that the adoption of this resolution would be the
means of saving much money to the order, and would go a great way
towards preventing extravagance. I would recommend in this matter
that Lodges limit their expenditures to the smallest possible amount*
only endeavoring to comply with the legal requirements.
On changing membership without first obtaining Withdrawal Card,
the following was adopted:—
That any member of any Subordinate Lodge or Encampment of the Order, upon
change of residence, shall have the privilege of applying for membership in any Lodge 605
or Encampment without first applying for a Withdrawal Card from the Subordinate
Body in which he holds membership, by first obtaining a visiting card from such Body
and depositing the same in the Lodge or Encampment in which he seeks to obtain
membership.
Upon election of such Brother by the Lodge or Encampment to which he shall
apply for membership, said Body shall notify the Body of which he is a member of
such election, when, being free from all charges and the payment of all dues and fees,
upon proper application he shall be entitled to a Withdrawal Card or Dismissal Certificate.
Upon deposit of said Card or Certificate with said Lodge or Encampment in which
he had been elected, he shall be entitled to sign the Constitution and By-Laws, and be
received in full membership from such time, upon. the payment of the admission fees
required by the By-Laws of said Lodge or Encampment.
HOMES.
The State Grand Lodges and Encampments may provide by Constitutional enactment for the erection and maintenance of homes for aged and indigent Odd Fellows ;
Provided, however, said bodies shall not make assessments on their Subordinates for
the purpose of erecting and maintaining the same.
Lodges were recommended to set aside a fund for the maintainance of Homes.—
(Journal, 10,046,11,002).
WIDOWS' AND ORPHANS' FUND.
Grand Bodies are instructed to see that the law relating to the Widows1
Orphans' Fund is observed by their subordinates.
and
That the Widows' and Orphans' Fund of the Subordinate Lodges and Encampments is stamped as a trust fund for the use and benefit of the widows and orphans
where husbands and fathers at their death were members in good standing in such
Lodge or Encampment; and it is illegal and a misapplication of such funds to donate
or appropriate said funds, or any part thereof, for any purpose whatever, except for
the direct and individual support and benefit of the widows and orphans who are,
under the law, legitimate charges upon such Lodge or Encampment; Provided however, nothing herein shall prevent Subordinates who may have placed their widows and
orphans in an asylum or home, from using their widows' and orphans' fund in defraying the legitimate expenses thereby incurred. And the several Grand Bodies are
instructed to see to it that this law is observed by their Subordinates.—(Journal,
10,986,11,027).
DUTY OF MEMBERS.
That it is the duty of every Odd Fellow, when he is away from home and out of his
jurisdiction, to give attention and care to his brethren in distress, and watch with
the sick when necessary, as well as when he is within his own jurisdiction; and
further that it is and shall be the duty of every member of the Order, on taking up his
residence away from the vicinity of bis own Lodge, to report himself to the Lodge
nearest his residence, or when it is equally near to two or more Lodges, to one thereof,
within thirty days after taking up such residence, and in making such report he shall
give the name and number and location of his Lodge, and when requested by the
Lodge to which he has reported, shall watch with the sick, who like himself are away
from home and their own jurisdiction; and any such member so failing to report,
shall not be entitled to affiliation with the Order, nor to attention from any Lodge.
And this legislation shall not be construed to hinder or prevent any Lodge or member
from furnishing watchers, or giving attention to any sick or needy brother.—(Journal,
10,900,11,028).
BENEFITS.
A provision in the By-Laws of a Lodge or Encampment that on a claim for benefits 606
the. decision of the physicians appointed by it shall be final, is construed to mean only
to the time of examination.—(Journal, 10.855,10.858,10,963),
ENDOWMENT ASSOCIATIONS.
The Grand Sire was empowered to appoint a committee of five to investigate into
the management of endowment associations, and report the facts at the next session
of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, also to recommend rules for the inquiring into their
condition, business methods, and managements of such associations.—(Journal, £0,011,
11,033).
France.
The institution of Concorde Lodge No. 1 at Havre, with propositions
to institute Lodges at Elboeuf and Rouen is worthy of mention.
The foregoing is a synopsis of the proceedings of the Sovereign Grand
Lodge including my comments thereon.
Grand Secretaby.
I have been impressed throughout.my term that to our Grand Secretary's faithful work we are indebted more than to any other member
for our present standing, and for much gratuitous brotherly work. I
am conscious also that his every action has been but an honest expression of his opinion, and although we have differed on occasions there
never has been any friction ; his services were always volunteered on
every occasion, but when I considered the emoluments of ,his office, I
declined his offer, as it appeared to me that it would be but simple
justice on my part to relieve rather than increase his labor ; and in recommending that this Grand Lodge pay its Grand Secretary a salary
commensurate with the labor attached to the care of one Grand Lodge,
nine Subordinates, and one Rebekah Lodge, I am thoroughly convinced
that the increase will be well earned if the work necessary is as faithfully
performed as it has been done by the present incumbent The Grand
Secretary will present you with a full statistical report, showing our
increase in membership and our financial standing.
State of the Order.
I soon found, after taking office, that there was a lethargic feeling
prevailing, seemingly general throughout the jurisdiction, and especially noticeable in the older lodges—the attendance at their meetings
was anything but satisfactory. Financially these lodges were strong
and with a good membership, still their condition was inactive, and
can be best described by saying, the Order was simply drifting. This
was forcibly brought to my notice by the lack of answers received
to my proclamation on the subject of an Odd Fellows' Ward in
conjunction with the "Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital." This apar-
ent apathy on the subject mentioned caused me to examine critically into
the state of the Order, with a convincing result to me that I had taken
upon myself a duty that would take all the time I had at my command,
and would require my utmost energy to remove this dormant feeling.
On June 11th I communicated with Lodges 1, % and 4, and afterwards 607
addressed them on the subject of the Initiatory and Degree work, impressing upon them that the city Lodges should represent models of
excellence in the rendition of the work of the Order, and that they owed
it to themselves to select the most fitted, educated, and capable of their
members to be their office-bearers. With the view to giving effect to
this recommendation, I adapted, copied, and arranged an amplified
form of the Initiatory Ceremony, and took charge of the team at the
initiations in the city Lodges. My visitations during the last half
of my term, varying from two to five nights each week. This amplified
form of the Initiatory Ceremony I will submit to you when this Grand
Lodge is in secret session.
Progress.
This amplified work, together with a picnic, given for the benefit of the
Jubilee Hospital Fund, various socials, balls, memorial celebrations, decoration of the graves of our departed members, conferring of the Rebekah Degree, institution of Lodges, parades, laying of the corner-stone
of New Westminster Hall, banquets, speeches, carrying out Brother
Thornton Fell's Christmas Tree, magic lantern entertainment for children,
added to my official visitations ; installations of officers, demands made
upon Lodges and officers for information, and a friendly press has resulted in a larger attendance at Lodge meetings, produced a greater interest in the work, and had the effect of gathering to my aid a number of
brothers, whose assistance I fully appreciate, and the result is that I
am able to report to you that the Order enjoys general prosperity, the
increase to our membership exceeds any similar period, and the Lodges
throughout the jurisdiction are awakening into active life and usefulness. This prosperity exceeds that of any term since our organization'
and it only requires, my brothers, to exercise energy and interest in the
work of the Order to keep Odd Fellowship always in the van, and
without a peer in the accomplishment of good works in this jurisdiction*
Remember that it is by personal effort and the union of individual influence almost any great work, however difficult* can be accomplished.
Each one of us has power over some one for good; and we have instances in every Lodge of what can accomplished by the efforts of a
single member in forwarding its interest. Let us each, therefore, strive
by every laudable means to make the coming year stand out prominently
in advance of any preceding it, in the increase of membership and in
deeds of benevolence and charity.
To the Press the Order is under obligations for their many favorable
and friendly mentions of its doings.
Our Grand Secretary reported to the Sovereign Grand Lodge that the
current expenses, of the subordinates in this jurisdiction amounted to
$5,652.86; and the total of their invested funds, $54,828.64.
There are only five other Grand Lodges having lower current expenses.
In   increase of membership   for 1886 we rank 32 on the list of 49 608
Grand Lodges, exceeding Alabama, Arizona, Denmark, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Lower Provinces of British North America, Michigan,
Quebec, South Carolina, Switzerland, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, and
Wyoming. British Columbia exceeds Arizona and Chili in the number
of Lodges and members, and Idaho, Switzerland, Florida, Utah,
Wyoming, and South Carolina in members. We relieved 106 brothers,
and stand No. 41 on the list of brothers relieved, and rank No. 39 in
amount, having paid a total for relief of $6,54475 ; paid for burying the
dead $542 ; in special relief we are among the six giving nothing. Our
total receipts were $13,621, placing us No. 38.
Important Events.
This year has been one of notable events, proving the progressive
character of our order.
On May 16th, assisted by Grand Secretary Davey; P. G. Masters
McColl and Roberts, Brothers Taylor, P. G., Henderson, P. G., and
Ragazzoni, I dedicated at Kamloops an Odd Fellows Hall, instituted
Tatnai Lodge, No. 9, assisted at the initiation and conferring of the three
degrees on ten members, installed - into their respective chairs W.
Edmunds, N. G.; F. Schenk, V. G,; S. Clarke, Rec. Secy.; J. T. Edwards,
Treas.; E. H. Jones, Perm, becy., together with all the appointed officers.
From the hour we left Victoria until our return we were everywhere
treated most hospitably. Kamloops was en fete, and we seemed to be the
guests of its inhabitants. To the enthusiasm and energy of Brother
Edmunds this jurisdiction is under obligation for an increase of 62 on
its roll of members.
On August 27th I laid the cornerstone of an Odd Fellow's Temple,
at New Westminster, which was notable, if for no other reason, than
demonstrating the fraternal feeling it brought out and the cordiality
evinced and expressed by representatives of the two strongest and
foremost Orders on this continent. Arrangements had been made by
our New Westminster Lodge, No. 3, and Union Lodge, No. 9, of the
Masonic Fraternity, that the two Lodges should build jointly upon their
adjoining lots, and plans and designs for a $35,000 temple when completed was decided upon. Each lodge issued invitations to their respective Grand Masters to perform the ceremony of laying their
separate corner-stones, and I have the gratification to state that for the
first time in our history the Odd Fellows and Masons came together in
a most pronounced manner, assisting by their presence in emphasizing
each other's work, and I hope establishing for all time a precedent of
a warm fraternal feeling. The hospitality of our New Westminster
brethren was all that could be wished and more than was expected.
The banquet in the evening was unique in many respects. A Noble
Grand and a Worshipful Master presiding over two brotherhoods; Grand
and Past Grand officers and members of each order seated around them.
The speeches were received with much favor, and were imbued with the
kindliest feeling and good fellowship.    I wag able, from a personal 609
knowledge, to explain the main differences which exist in the aims and
objects of the two Orders, and was gratified to find that my remarks
were so kindly taken. The property is situated on the prinoipal street,
and Iain informed is all rented. I approve of Lodges judiciously investing in the place of their location, where there is a reasonable prospect of its permanence and progress, as the growth of the locality conduces to the stability of the Lodge.
Rebekah Degree.
I notice from reading the proceedings of the several State Grand Lodges,
that all their Grand Masters report in the highest terms as to the worth "of
the Rebekah Lodges, and upon investigation I ascertained that the Degree of
Rebekah had not been conferred for years upon any lady at Victoria, also
that officers had passed through the chairs without having this degree. At
my request the Victoria Lodges convened meetings, and assisted by W.
W. Evans, G. C. P., and my Grand Officers, I conferred the Rebekah Degree
on a number of sisters and brothers. The Order in this jurisdiction should
give this degree the fullest consideration in order to make amends for
its apathy and neglect in the past, besides which, we are bound by good
faith, prompted by justice, courtesy, and gentlemanly feelings to act strictly j
to our professions and teachings.
All progressive Grand Lodges recognise the establishment of Rebekah
Lodges throughout their jurisdiction as being a branch of Odd Fellowship that
materially affects the good of the Order. To Grand Secretary Lyon of
California, as well as Grand Secretary Terwilliger of New York, I am indebted for information and courtesies in this matter, and I would recommend
that this Grand Lodge adopt for the present the beautified work as prepared
by the Grand Lodge of California, copies of which are now in stock.
On the 15th December, 1887* I instituted
COLFAX REBEKAH DEGREE LODGE, NO, 1.
with W. W. Evans, N. G., R. Mcintosh, V. G.y W. Christie, Secretary, and
Sister A, Young, Treasurer. 0*i January 9th, .1888, assisted by Grand Officers,
I installed the following officers of this Lodge for the current term: Mrs.
Young, N. G.; Mrs. Bishop, V. G.; Wm. Christie, Rec. Secy.; Miss Huxtable,
Fin. Secy.; Miss A. Evans, Treas.; Mrs Dempster, War.; Miss A. Carne,
Con.; Miss F. Evans, R. S. N. G.; Miss S. Neil, L. S. N. G.; W. H. Huxtable, O. G.; A. Graham, I. G.; Mrs. Clyde, R. S. V. G.; Miss C. Robertson, L. S. V. G. Colfax Lodge has the best prospect of being successful and
soon becoming numerically strong and influential. The ladies have memorized the duties{of their offices, and will soon initiate under the beautified form;
The Grand Sire says, " Those who decry Rebekah Lodges need not join them ;
they can keep away and allow those who take pleasure in those meetings
and their association to go on doing good in their own way."
DISPENSATIONS.
I granted dispensations to celebrate the 26th April in conformity with
proclamation of our Grand Sire, 610
On 24th of May, for Lodges Nos. 1, 2 and 4 to hold a picnic at Shawnigan
Lake for benefit of the funds of the Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital.
31st July, to Harmony Lodge, No. 6, to hold a picnic at Shawnigan Lake
on 16th August in regalia.
4th August, to Tatnai Lodge, No. 9, to attend Divine Service in regalia on
21st August.
22nd September, I granted to Columbia Lodge, No. 2, permission to appear
in public in regalia at the funeral of our late Brother Robert Lipsett.
October 8th, granted dispensation to Columbia and Dominion Lodges to
attend Divine Service on Sunday, 9th October, but not in regalia; officers to
wear their jewels.
October 18th, granted to Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, permission for
memorial day exercises, officers wearing jewels.
November 3rd, granted to Columbia Lodge permission to use the letters
"I. O. 0. F." at the heading of the advertisement announcing entertainment
Nov. 25th, and subsequent ones of same nature.
November 17th, granted to Tatnai Lodge, No. 9, permission to hold a ball
on the evening of 24th November, but not in regalia.
December 17th, granted same Lodge permission to elect a member of the
Degree of Truth to the position of Noble Grand, providing all qualified Brothers refuse to serve.
7th January, 1888, granted to Vancouver Lodge, No. 8, permission to
wear jewels and badges and to use the emblems of the Order upon the cards of
invitation on the occasion of a ball to be held on 24th January, 1888, providing Section 588 be strictly adhered to.
TATNAI AND VANCOUVER LODGES.
A slight misunderstanding occurred between these two Lodges which I
was able to adjust satisfactorily.
HARMONY LODGE.
I visited Harmony Lodge upon a special invitation, and with the assistance of Brothers Mcintosh, P. G., Holland, Christie and R. W. Fawcett, P.
G., initiated the team work. I was much impressed by the reception accorded
myself and the visiting brothersand the kind feeling evinced.
NANAIMO 4ND WELLINGTON COLLIERY DISASTERS.
I have to record the loss of nine members of Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5,
and one member of Harmony Lodge, No. 6, leaving 6 widows and 16 children.
REPORTS OF DISTRICT DEPUTIES.
Bro. F. Norris, P. G., Deputy for District No. 1, reports the granting of a
dispensation to Victoria Lodge, No. 1, to confer the degrees on a Brother in
less time than the law permits. He also reports the receipt of an appeal from
Bro. J. H. Meldram, P. G., v. Columbia Lodge, No. 2, but having expressed
an opinion on the case at. issue, in his own Lodge, he thought himself dis- 611
qualified thereby to abjudicate in the matter, and therefore transmitted the
same for my decision.
No reports have reached me from Bro. McCorvie, Deputy for*District
No. 2.
From District No. 3 Brother Hemer reports that he installed the officers in
Black Diamond Lodge on July 6th, 1887, and January 4, 1888, respectively.
He decided the question that membership by initiation must be in* the
lodge nearest the candidates residence.
He reports Black Diamond Lodge*in a healthy condition considering the
blow it received on the fatal 3rd of May, 1887.
He particularizes the loss in the colliery disasters as follows:—
William Bone aged 42, leaving a wife and three children.
John Miles " 35, single.
Edward Wilkin | 26,    "
HerbertBevelockway" 25,    "
Wm. Ridley " 28,     "
Robert Nicholson      " 34, leaving a wife and two children.
Joseph Forest " 28,
William Hague "24, 1 child.
Wm. Wilkes
42.
cc
3 children,
District Deputy Geo. Williams, District No. 4, reports that he installed the
officers of Harmony Lodge, No. 6, in July and January respectively, on both
occasions assisted by. Grand Warden Scott; that, taking all things into
consideration, No. 6, has prospered during the year and is in a sound financial
position. The attendance at meetings was small, but expresses a hope of a
larger attendance in the future. Reports an official visit from the Grand
Master and visiting brothers, which was productive of much good. •
He reports the death of Lancelot Robson of Sunset Lodge, No. 51, of
Marshfield, Coos County, Oregon, a native of England, Harmony Lodge ac.
cording the remains the usual burial; that the government had taken charge
of the deceased's effects. At the disaster at Wellington, Bro. McNeil lost his
lif% leaving a widow with six children; the late brother was a member of our
Auxiliary Endowment Association.
Bro. J. C. Henderson, P. G., Deputy for District No. 5, reports the Installation of the officers of Excelsior Lodge, No. 7, in July and January last.
District Deputy Edmunds of District No. 6 reports:—The likelihood of a
lodge being instituted at Spallumcheen ; that Tatnai Lodge is flourishing;
funds on hand §400; Number of members, 62. Officers very proficient in
their work.    Installed their officers on 2nd January, 1888.
APPOINTMENTS.
On 30th June appointed S. Adler, P. G., Special Deputy for the purpose
of installing the officers of Tatnai Lodge; if absent, then W. Edmunds, P. G.
November 1st, appointed W. Edmunds, P, G,, Special District Deputy, 612
with same instructions as my other Deputies regarding officers being required1
to memorize their work.
Janftiry 25th, 1888, appointed W. Christie of Columbia Lodge, No. 2,J;o
obtain information on Wellington Colliery disaster, and on matters contained
in a report furnished by Harmony Lodge.
IN MEMORIAM.
I have to inform you that the following Past Grands have been removed
from our ranks by death:
Robert Lipsett, of No. 2; C. N. Trew of No. 3; W. Bone, of No. 5; Thos.
Harris, of No. 5;
And I would suggest that memorial pages be inserted in these proceedings, as has been the practice.
PROVINCIAL ROYAL JUBILEE HOSPITAL.
At a special meeting of the Committee appointed to select a site for the
above-named institution, of which I was a member, it was ascertained that it
would, according to plans furnished, cost $4,000 for a Ward, instead of $2,000
as at first supposed, and secondly, that the Committee were of opinion that
the full $20,000 would be collected, and it was suggested that any Lodge
could make satisfactory arrangements by a yearly donation or fees to secure
a number of beds in the pay patients' wards if they desired, therefore I concluded to go no further in carrying out the project as proclaimed to you on
June 10th last.
THE QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY.
On the 24th May the Lodges in Victoria held an excursion to Shawnigan,
and devoted the proceeds for the benefit of the Provincial Royal Jubilee
Hospital, which resulted in something over one hundred dollars being given
to this worthy object.
INSTALLATIONS.
I installed the officers of Columbia Lodge in June.
ORDER TO MY DISTRICT DEPUTIES.
On November 1st I instructed all my deputies to notify all Lodges in their
District that the officers elected to the positions of N. G. and V. G., must in
every instance have their charges memorized previous to their installation,
otherwise the ceremony must not be proceeded with. This order I considered
necessary with a view of enforcing uniformity in the signs, charges and
mode of working. I was invited by Lodges Nos. 1, 2 and 4 to install their
officers on the 9th, 11th and 12th of January last, and, accompanied by Grand
Lodge officers, I was present and presided. My instruction to Grand Instructor
Henry Waller, P. G. M., who officiated as Grand Marshal, was, that the N. G.
and V. G. elect must have memorized the charges for opening and closing the
Lodge, the whole of each of their parts of the initiatory work, written and
unwritten, and all the secret work, to enable either of them to examine a
brother visiting on a card. On the 9th January, 1888, at. Victoria Lodge, No.
1, the G. Marshal in reply to my question, as to whether the N. G. elect was 613
sufficiently acquainted with the various lectures and instructions to enable
him to deliver them according to his office, the Grand Marshal replied that
that officer was not, but added, " the brother has promised me t^have it
leaned during the week;" I thereupon postponed the installation until
the 16th. This act of mine appeared arbitrary; but it was necessary, and resulted in the officers of Nos. 2 and 4 passing their examinations with much
credit and praise from Grand Instructor Waller, and they were installed in
their respective chairs on the ] 1th and 12th of January.
On the 16th January, accompanied by my Grand Officers, I proceeded with
the installation of the officers of No. L The N. G. elect retired with Grand
Marshal Waller for examination, and the G. Marshal almost immediately returned and announced that the N. G. elect "was no better able to pass an
examination, and that he had made no attempt during the week to learn."
Under these circumstances I ordered and conducted a new election and requested nominations for the position of N. G., which resulted in the election
of R. Mcintosh, P. G., by unanimous consent. The elective officers then
retired for examination, and the Grand Marshal stated that the N. G. elect
had passed the most brilliant and thorough examination in every particular of
any officer he had ever examined. I can therefore safely report that the officers now in charge of Nos. 1, 2 and 4 are competent, capable and thoroughly
acquainted with their duties, and with their youthful enthusiasm I anticipate
a successful term for their Lodges.
RECOMMENDATIONS.
TERMS.
I am of opinion that if all elective officers were elected to hold office for
one year instead of six months it would be a step in the right direction.
RFTURNS—BOOKS.
That a uniform method of keeping Subordinate Lodge books and accounts
be prepared by the Grand Secretary, so that their inspection may be easy and
returns asked for be forwarded more expeditiously.
ANNUAL SESSION.
I am of opinion that the time has arrived when a change in the date of
our annual sessions should be made.
REPRESENTATION.
I am of opinion that it would be to the interest of this Grand Lodge and
of benefit to the Order if the number of representatives was reduced.
MEMORIAL DAT.
The 20th October is too late in the year for good weather to be depended
upon. I would recommend that we select,a day not later than the 20th of
September for the observance of memorial or decoration ceremonies.
That this Grand Lbdge continue to urge on the Sovereign Grand Lodge the
advisability of admitting to membership persons at the age of eighteen.
That this Lodge earnestly request all Subordinate Lodges to organize
teams for the purpose of conferring the Initiatory and Degree work. 614
I would also recommend that the Grand Master shall have authority when
in his judgment he deems it for the good of the Order, to authorize, by
special dispensation, the consolidation of two or more Subordinate Lodges,
under such restrictions and regulations as he may set forth in his proclamation.
That there be appropriated one hundred dollars, to be known as the
" Grand Master's Contingent Fund," which he should be authorized to expend
when, in his judgment, it can be used with benefit to the order in this jurisdiction, and that he make a report of the disposition of said fund at the next
session of this Grand Lodge.
I would recommend that whenever the regular stated meetings of any
Subordinate falls upon a legal or a generally recognized holiday that such
meeting shall be omitted.
That only one degree shall be conferred on a candidate at any one meeting
of a subordinate unless allowed by dispensation on the plea of emergency;
as the mixing together of the work of our Order produces inefficiency, in fix-,
ing the lessons intended to be taught.
I am of opinion that the bound journals of the Sovereign Grand Lodge
ought to be given to the State Grand Lodges, to be their property, to remain
in the custody of the Grand Master of the jurisdiction for the time being, and
not as now, the private property of the Rep. to the S. G. L., and have to
thank Bro. W. W. Evans, G. C. P. of Washington Territory for the use of his
journals, our Grand Lodge not having them.
Expenses and Invested Funds of Subordinates.
It being within the power of our Grand Lodge to enact a law making it imperative for subordinates to report fully on these subjects, I would recommend
that a law be passed requiring our Subordinates to make such returns to be
inserted on the blanks furnished, and to accompany the Semi-Annual and
Annual Reports.
CONTINGENCIES.
The Grand Secretary reported that only a nominal sum was voted for
contingencies, and as my postages exceeded the amount I left it intact.
WEST VIRGINIA.
At the request of Thos. S. Spates, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of
West Virginia, I beg to notify you that the withdrawal cards granted by
Clifton Lodge No. 45 of the Jurisdiction of West Virginia, on September 28th,
1886, unto Thomas Congleton, Noble Grand; William Potts, Secretary; and
John J. Williams, George Golden, Reece Williams, Roger B. Reece, Samuel
Golden and William Short, were declared null and void. The reasons given
were c' wilfully violating the laws, usages and regulations of the Order by
illegally distributing the funds of said Lodge, and for granting unto each other
withdrawal cards, etc.
You are therefore directed to be careful that none of the men holding
these cards are permitted to deposit them in any Lodge in this Province. 615
ARIZONA.
A notable feature in Proceedings of 1887 of the Grand Lodge of Arizona,
was a banquet in which ladies for the first time were present.
CONCLUSION.
Representatives,—I have presented to you a full statement of my
official doings during the recess, which I trust may have your best attention,
approving where your judgment so directs, and correcting any error that
may have occurred; remembering that your first duty is the good of the
Order; that the Grand Master, being human, is liable to make mistakes, and
it is your duty to critically examine, and if you think fit to, disapprove, alter,
revise, and correct any act or decision of his, or recommended by him.
Praise undeserved is sarcasm in disguise. Let your criticism, however
tempered with kindly feelings, be so open that all may learn, so as to prevent
similar errors in the future. I have the satisfaction of knowing that I have
endeavored in all cases to enforce the laws of the Order, and have given all
the time at my disposal to the duties of my office. I have no doubt, that in
the carrying out of those duties, and in the decisions I have rendered, $ have
come in direct conflict with the opinions of others, but the wounding of
the pride or feelings of anyone must not and has not biased my opinion or
decision in any one case, and in the selection of brothers to assist me in any
duty, I have invariably used my judgment to secure the best, no matter from
which Lodge the selection was made, nor what rank the brother held.
The enforcement of disused and unpopular laws may not have been received by the brothers with good grace, but the Lodges have obeyed them
without opposition, and in this respect I desire to say that attention was
called to them in the endeavor on my part to administer the laws to the
utmost of my power, and in conformity with the obligations 1 had taken.
This session is probably the most importan t yet convened. The constitutions of this Grand Lodge and its Subordinates need examination and revision,
and the constitution of the Rebekah Degree Lodges must be made anew, our
present one being obsolete.
I trust that each Representative will give his best services, his strictest
attention and deliberate judgment to the business at hand, so that when we
have completed our labors we shall feel a satisfaction in having done our
whole duty to the Order we represent, and that each particular district has
been equally favored.    I thank all the Brothers and Lodges who have assisted
me in advancing the Order for the courtesies shown me during my term of
office.
I am, yours fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master. 616
It was on motion Resolved, That the report be received and
refeired to a Committee to distribute the same to the several
Committees.
»ee on
The Grand Master appointed the following Commits
distribution, Rep. Waller, P. G. M., No. 2; Rep. Carne,  P.
G. M., No. 1; and Rep. W. McColl, P. G. M., No. 3.
Report read from Grand Secretary:
Office of the Grand Secretary,
Victoria, B. O, 7th February, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O.F.:
The following report of the work of this office, and of the present
condition of the Order in this Jurisdiction, is respectfully submitted :—
No. of Subordinate Lodges  9
';   of Rebekah Degree Lodges  1
"   of Members in good standing..... .. 802
I   Initiated during the year  135
"   Admitted by Card  21
Ci   Reinstated to membership  2
"   Withdrawn  8
"  Deceased  22
I   Ceased membership by N. P. D  25
"   Expelled I  1
"   Rejected  16
"   Past Grands  130
"  Brothers relieved  114
I   Widowed families relieved  7
I   Weeks' sick benefits paid  658
Amount paid for the relief of brothers.. $ 5,446 75
Amount paid for the relief of widowed
families  610 00
Amount paid for burying the dead  1,635 00
Total relief paid  7,711 75
"    Current expenses  7,674 54
"    Annual receipts  17,616 06
I    Amount of Assets  61,175 66
Average amount of Sick Benefits paid to
each sick member  47 77
Average amount expended for relief per
member  9 61
Average duration of sickness to each sick
member 5 wks. 5 dys.
Average duration of sickness per member, 5^ days
Average amount of Assets per member.. $     76 28
Total amount paid for relief since forma-
tion of this Grand Lodge, 1874  63,396 50
Increase. Decrease.
i
i
102
34
16
8
1
15
13
8
2
382 00
1,093 00
1,167 00
2,021 68
.3,995 06
6,347 02
8328 00 617
FINANCIAL STATEMENT.
Amount of cash received during the year.
Tax term
Tax term
Charter
Fees.
From whom received.
Supplies.
ending 30th
ending Dec
Total.
i
June, 1887.
3 let, 1887.
Victoria Lodge No. 1
$ 10 75
1
$89 50
$ 88 50
$188 75
Columbia      |       ''   2
10 25
68 00
66 00
144 25
N. Westminster     "  3
39 50
38 00
77 50
Dominion               "4
3 75
35 00
38 50
«
77 25
BVkDiamond"     "  5
4 00
50 00
50 00
104 00
Harmony        k       "6
16 00
53 50
57 00
126 50
Excelsior     • "      "  7
4 00
16 00
16 00
36 00
Vancouver     "       '*  8
11 75
20 50
32 25
Tatnai            "      &  9
40 50
26 50
30 00
97 00
Colfax Degree of Re
bekah lodge No. 1
18 00
15 00
33 00
Sundry persons.
7 00
7 00
: $ 126 00
$ 351 50
1 $ 401 00
$ 45 00
$923 50
Orders drawn on the Grand Treasurer during the year.
1887.
Feb. 11,
No
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April 20,
it
May 12,
June 1
it
tt
July 29,
tt
it
it
. 1, W. McColl, Mileage $ 12 50
2, B. W. Shiles,    "       12 50
3, E. S. Scoullar  "       12 50
4, P. J. Foulds,     "  12 50
5, H. Hoy,             "       12 50
6, A. McCorvie,     "       12 50
7, A. Galloway,     "       12 50
8, W. Bone,           "       12 50
9, J. Phillips,        "       12 50
10, T. Harris,          "       12 50
11, A McGregor,    "       12 50
12, B. Kivers,          "       12 50
13, J. Mahrer,        §       12 50
14, J. Crossan,        "       12 50
15, H. McAdie,       "       12 50
16, E. QuenDell,      1      12 50
17, G. Norris,          "       12 50
18, J. C. Hendersou •'  15 00
19, J. A. Campbell "       15 00
20, E. Scott,            I       12 50
21, J. Hoskins,        '        12 50
22, G. Williams,      "       12 50
23, E. Hoskins,       •'       12 50
24, W. H. Huxtable, janitor and cleaning Grand Sec
retary's office 12 mos  20 00
25, Sovereign Grand Lodge for supplies, etc  41 45
26, F. Davey, Grand Secretary, 3 months salary  45 00
27, M. Miller, printing proceedings, 1887  109 50
28, Sovereign Grand Lodge for supplies, etc  49 30
29, M. Miller, printing, etc  30 25
Carried forward    588 00 618
Brought forward $588 00
Aug. 18 No. 30, F. Davey, Grand Secretary, 3 months salary  45 00
31, "        Customs duty, etc., on goods supplied
by Sovereign Grand Lodge  9 10
32, P. Davey, postage and Telegram  6 55
Sept. 30, "   33, Grand Lodge California, 10 copies beautified work
Bebekah Degree :  5 00
34, M. Miller, printing, etc  34 85
tt
u
Dec. 21,
1888.
Jan. 13,
Feb. 2,
M
tt
tt
Feb. 4,
35, Grand Secretary for seal  9 00
36, Oddfellows Union 12 months rent Grand Secre
tary's office „ • 60 00
37, Hibben & Co. for stationery  8 22
38, B. Jamieson for stationery  3 15
39, Grand Secretary 6 months salary  90 00
40, *•              postage and sundries  5 40
41, M. Miller, stationery, etc  6 00
Total payments $870 27
SUMMARY.
Balance in hands of Grand Treasurer last report $ 310 67
Total amount of cash received and paid to Grand Treasurer.
923 50
$1234 17
Less orders drawn    870 27
Leaving a balance in the hands of Grand Treasurer of $ 363 90
STOCK ACCOUNT.
Stock on hand at last report	
PURCHASED DURING THE YEAR:
3 Subordinate Lodge Charters, @ 60c.$ 1 80
1 Rebekah Degree Lodge   "     @ 60c.       60
2 Degree Charts, @ 2.00     4 00
6 Subordinate Lodge Bituals, @200.. 12 001
8 Bebekah Degree Rituals, @ 2.00.... 16 00
8       | "    Charge Books,® 2.00 16 00
4 " "     Institution and Installation Books @ 2.00.. |..:...    8 00
10 Bebekah Degree California Beautified
Work @ 50c     5 00
100 Odes, Subordinate Lodge, @ 5c     5 00
50   do   Bebekah Degree Lodge, @ 5c..    2 50
6 Digests @2.50  35 00
100 Visiting Cards,   Subordinate Lodge,
@20c      20 00
25 Visiting   Cards,    Rebekah   Degree,
@20c     5 00
50 Withdrawal cards, @ 20c  10 00
200 Petitions for membership, @ ^c     1 00
1000       I " " "      ....    6 00
1 Lodge Seal*!     9 00
24 Order Books on Treasurer, @ 87^c. 21 00
Customs Duty, Postage, etc., on the above 13 01
$124 27
170 91
Cr
Carried forward $ 295 18 619
STOCK ACCOUNT.—Continued.
Brought Forward	
Profit daring the year	
SOLD DUBING THE YEAB:
11 Books of Forms    9 50
4 Whites' Digest, @ 3.50  14 00
873 Petitions for membership '  11 73
6 Subordinate Lodge Bituals, @ 3.00.. 18 00
2        " "     Degree Charts...    5 50
32 Withdrawal Cards, @ 25c     8 00
68 Visiting Cards, @ 25c  17 00
1 Black Book    3 00
1 Question Book     3 00
100 Odes, Subordinate Lodge, @ 10c.... 10 00
25 Odes, Bebekah Degree, @ 10c     2 50
20 Orders for P. W., @ 5c     1 00
2 Books of Odes with music, @ 1.00...    2 00
5 Order Books on Treasurer, @ 1.50...    7 50
4 Bebekah Degree Bituals, @ 3.00  12 00
4        " "      Visiting Cards, @ 25c   1 00
1 " "      Charge Book    3 00
2 "          "         Beautified   Work,
@75c     1 50
1 Lodge Seal  10 00
Stock still on Hand:
48 Books of Forms, @ 85c 40 80
1 Book of Odes with music, @ 65c        65
450 Initiation Petitions     3 00
Orders for P. W       4 50
4 Bebekah Degree Charge Books (old)
@ 1.25     5 00
7 Bebekah Degree Charge Books (new)
@ 2.25  15 75
44 Diplomas, @ 65c 28 60
1 Officers Boll Book     100
30 Withdrawal Cards, @ 22c     6 60
11 Dismissal Certificates, @ 22c      2 42
60 Visiting Cards, @ 22c  13 20
21 " "    BebekahDegree,@22c   4 62
8 Vols. Proceedings Grand Lodge B.
C, @ 1.25  10 00
3 Subordinate Lodge Charters, @ 60c.. 1 80
1 Bebekah Degree Lodge " @60c. 60
1 White's Digest    2 50
20 Bebekah Degree Lodge Odes, @ 5c.. 1 00
4 " "    Bituals, @ 2.25  9 00
4      "             "    Institution and Installation Books, @ 2.25  9 00
8 Bebekah Degree Beautified  Work,
@50c    4 00
19 Order Books on Treasurer, (a. 90c  17 10
Being balance Dr. to said account per balance sheet
Dr.
8 295 18
25 19
$320 37
140 23
180 14
$320 37 620
BALANCE SHEET.
Graud Lodiie of British Columbia I. O. O. F.
February 8th, 1888.
O
Folio.
Accotints.
Dr.
Cr.
3
Sovereign Grand Lodge	
1 50
363 90
224 25
50
60
78
180 14
1 00
1 50
3 51
25
28
42
Vancouver Encampment No. 1	
Grand Treasurer	
Profit and Loss	
770 36
44
Furniture and Regalia *.....
47
Excelsior Lodge No. 7	
51
53
Vancouver Lodge No. 8	
55
Dominion Lodge No. 4	
30
60
Stock Account	
66
78
Colfax Degree of Rebekah Lodge No, 1
774 17
774 17
Representation to this Grand Lodge.
Victoria Lodge No. 1 is entitled to 17 representatives.
Columbia
a
2
4(
New Westminster 3
«
Dominion
St
4
ii
Black Diamond
5
it
Harmony
ii
6
is
Excelsior
u
7
ii
Vancouver
a
8
it
Tatnai
tt
9
a
14
it
10
ii
10
tt
11
a
12
ti
7
a
8
u
8
a
Total.
97
Auxiliary Endowment Benefit Association.
No. of members per last report  145
" admitted during the year       8
I reinstated       1
Total 154
| deceased  3
" suspended for non-payment of assessments.. 10 13
| members in good standing 141
Being a loss of four members. 621 j
FINANCIAL   STATEMENT. j
Endowment Fund,
receipts.
Balance in hands of Grand Treasurer last report $235 40
Received for assessments •.  427 25
Total $662 65;
PAYMENTS.
1887.
karch 22, order No. 1, Benefit on death of Bro. D. Palmer, $231 00
June 9, " 3, " "     J. Forrest   210 25   441 25
Balance .$221 40
Reserve Fund.
receipts.
Transfer from Management Fund per resolution of last session. .$300 00
Reinstatements      8 65
Total $308 65
PAYMENTS.
1887.
June 9, Order No. 4, Benefit on death of Bro. Hudson 210 25
Balance $ 98 40
Management Fund,
receipts.
Balance in hands of Grand Treasurer laqt report $348 06
Entrance Fees      8 00
Dues  192 88#
Total $548 94^ fi22
PAYMENTS.
1887.
Transfer to Reserve Fund $300 00
June 1, order No. 2, M. Miller, printing      2 50
July 29,       "        5, 5       1 75
Aug. 20,       "        6,       Grand Sec'y, 6 mos. salary...    25 00
7, S postage, etc...     3 78
1888.
Feb. 2, "        8, " 6 mos. salary...    25 00
9, " postage, etc...     3 20 $ 361 23
Balance  $ 187 71%
SUMMARY.
Balance Endowment Fund $ 221 40
Reserve Fund 98 40
Management Fund     187 71%
Total in hands of Treasurer.: $ 507 51%
It will be seen by the foregoing that the Association has sustained
a loss of three members by death during the year, viz., Bro. D. Palmer,
of Victoria Lodge No. 1, Bro. J. Forrest of Black Diamond Lodge No. 5,
and Bro. S. Hudson of Harmony Lodge No. 6. The benefits in the first
two cases were paid from the Endowment Fund and in the latter from
the Reserve Fund. Two assessments have been levied to satisfy these
claims and there is $221.70 in hand to meet the next loss. I regret to
learn that two members of this Association were victims in the late disaster at Wellington but am not yet in possession of the necessary proofs
of death. I would suggest that $123.30 be transferred from the Management Fund to the Reserve Fund to make it equal to the amount of
the Endowment Fund and that one claim be paid from the Reserve Fund.
I have experienced considerable inconvenience on account of not receiving the reports and tax from the subordinate lodges in proper time.
The annual Relief Report of Excelsior Lodge No. 7 has not yet reached
me and consequently the information furnished thereby is not incorporated in this report. I find that for some unaccountable reason, Sec. 4 of
Art. VIII, which deals with the time when these Returns should be
rendered, has been omitted from the reprint of the Grand Lodge Constitution attached to the Proceedings of 1883. This section of the original
draft of the Constitution adopted in 1876 and appended to that year's
proceedings, reads as follows : "No Lodge under this jurisdiction shall be
"entitled to have its officers installed, or to receive the travelling or term
"P. W , until the semi-annual reports to the Grand Lodge shall have been
"placed in the hands of the Installing Officer, and assessments paid.2' and
Sec. 7 Art. 4, provides that the Installing Officer "shall collect from
"Lodges in his District all returns and moneys due the Grand Lodge
"and forward them immediately to the Grand Secretary."   Steps should 623
be taken to insert this omission in the next print of the Constitution and
to enforce the law in future.
I am not aware that there is at present any rule governing the profit to be charged on supplies from this office, and would submit that instructions be given on this subject rs the business is growing and the
charges should be made on some fixed scale.
New By-Laws for Vancouver Lodge, No. 8 and Tatnai Lodge, No. 9,
a revision of the By-Laws of Columbia Lodge, No. 2 and amendments
to those of New Westminster Lodge, No. 3 and Harmony Lodge, No. 6,
have been received and transmitted to the Committee on Laws of
Subordinates. I would advise that a By-Law or Standing Resolution,
of this Grand Lodge, be passed requiring, that in future, By-Laws and
Amendments thereto shall be submitted in duplicate, so that one copy
may be retained in this office. I am unable to submit the approved By-
Laws of Vancouver and Tatnai Lodges, because only one copy was sent,
and (hat had to be returned for the printer's use.
I am in receipt of an appeal, transmitted through Columbia Lodge,
No. 2, on tbe 3rd instant, from Bro. Thos. Bone, a member of said Lodge,
against the decision of the Grand Master, on a claim preferred by this
brother ngainst his Lodge for three weeks' sick benefits, and which is
submitted herewith.
As directed last session a petition was forwarded to the Sovereign
Grand Lodge praying for the remission of the Representative Tax
charged against this Grand Body for last year, which was granted and
the Tax remitted.
I would recommend that authority be granted to obtain a cupboard
for this office to hold the stock kept on hand, of supplies, for Subordinate
Lodges. These articles are now stored in the vault, and are subject to
mildew and consequent deterioration.
Bro. Huxtable, P. G., is entitled to consideration at your hands for
services rendered in keeping the office clean, lighting fires, etc., during
the past year.
I beg to Submit herewith Abstracts of the Reports of the Subordinate Lodges for insertion in the printed proceedings.
Respectfully submitted in F. L. & T.
FRED'K DAVEY,
Grand Secretary.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the Report be received
and handed to the Committee on distribution of Grand
Master's report. 624
The Grand Secretary explained that the Grand Treasurer
was prevented from attending on account of sickness in his
family, that he had sent his books and vouchers but had not
forwarded a report.
It was on motion Resolved, That this Grand Lodge ad-
journ to 7:30 p. m.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
EVENING SESSION.
The Grand Lodge met at 7:30 p. m., pursuant to adjournment.
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
J. H. Meldram Deputy Grand Master.
R. Scott Grand Warden.
F. Davey Grand Secretary.
H. Hoy Grand Marshal.
S. T. Mackintosh Act'g Grand Guardian.
F. Carne, P. G. M Act'g Grand Chaplain.
J. E. Phillips Act'g Grand Herald.
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Marshal examined all present and reported
them dulv qualified.
The Grand Marshal retired and returned with Bros. 1ST. A.
White and R. H. Baker, of No. 3, on whom the Grand Lodge
Degree was conferred.
The Grand Secretary read a petition from eight members
residing at Kamloops praying for a charter for a Lodge at that
place, and also the petition of forty nine Brothers and Sisters
duly qualified residing at Victoria asking that a charter may
issue for a Rebekah Degree Lodge in that city. It was on
motion Resolved, That the petitions be referred to the Committee on Petitions. Report read from Committee on Distribution of the Grand
Master's Report :—
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.
Your Committee on Distribution, of the Grand Master's Report, beg
to recommend that all that portion contained on pages 1 to 3, from 14 to
17, and from 37 to the end, be referred to the Committee on State of the
Order. All that portion from page 21 to 32 to the Committee on Correspondence, omitting that portion referring to Grand Secretary Davey,
that portion from page 4 to 7 be referred to Committee on Appeals ;
that portion on pages 28 and 29 referring to Grand Secretary Davey
be referred to the Judiciary Committee, also to same committee pages
4, 8 to 13 and a part of page 17, also from 20 to 21. That portion on
page 14 referring to the Grand Secretary's salary be referred to the
Finance Committee.
WM. McCOLL,
H. WALLER,
F. CARNE,
Committee on Distribution.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
The Grand Master appointed Kep. Monck, No. 3, on the
Committee on State of the Order vice Rep. H.Elliott, No. 3,
absent, also Rep. Hoy, No. 3, Rep. E. S. Scoullar, No. 3, and
Rep. Baker, No. 5, on the Committee on Correspondence vice
Rep..McColl, P. G. M., Rep. Fawcett, No. 2, and Rep. Scott,
No. 6, engaged on other Committees.
The Grand Secretary read a communication from Columbia
Lodge No. 2, enclosing an appeal from Bro. T. S. Bone, a
member of that lodge against the decision of the Grand MaS-
ter in his case. It was moved, seconded and carried, That
the appeal be handed to the Committee on Appeals.
It was on motion Resolved, That the Committee on Appeals be requested to receive any statement or evidence from
Rep. Meldram D. G. M., No. 2, respecting his case and the
Grand Master's decision thereon.
Report read from Committee on Petitions. 626
New Westminster, Feb. 8th, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.
Dear Sirs and Brothers :— Your Committee on Petitions to whom
was referred the petition from members of the order residing at Kamloops, for a charter for a lodge at that place, to be called Tatnai Lodge;
also the petition of members of the Rebekah Degree residing at Victoria,
for a charter for a Rebekah Degree Lodge in that city, to be called Colfax Lodge; beg to report as follows : We recommend that the two charters be issued by this Grand Lodge.
Respectfully submitted,
Fred Carne,
R. W. Fawcett,
J. WRIGIjESWORTH,
S. T. Mackintosh.
Committee on Petitions.
Moved, seconded and carried. That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee on Laws of Subordinates.
Victoria, B. G, April 25th, 1887.
To F. Davey, Esq., Grand Secretary.
Dear Sir and Brother:—The undersigned committee have carefully examined the By-laws of Vancouver Lodge, No. 8, I. O. O. F., and
approve the same with the following exceptions, viz :
< Art. 13/"—Is in conflict with Section 884 and 1014 of White's
Digest.
The Junior Past Grand is not an officer of the Lodge. The office is
a post of honor and he cannot be removed for non-attendance.
"Art. 19."—The Lodge may employ a physician if they wish, but
the Constitution does not provide for one.
"Art. 37."—Is in conflict with Section 740 of White's Digest.
Brothers must be allowed to vote if in the Lodge.
"Art. 59."—Is in conflict with Section 3, Art. IV of the Constitution.
All fines and assessments become dues at the end of each term only.
"Art. 60 and 62."—Are in conflict with Sections 677 and 1305 of
White's Digest
No brother can be punished without a fair trial unless for non-payment of dues for which he can be suspended only.
"Art. 71."—Is contrary to Section 2, Art. XIII of the Constitution.
The by-laws take effect as soon as passed, subject to the approval of
the Committee.
; 627
Articles 19, 37, 59, 60, 62, and 71, may be amended so as to make
them conform to the Constitution and the Digest.
H. Waller,
Chas. Hayward,
P. A. Babington,
Committee on Laws of Subordinates.
Moved, seconded &nd carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee on Laws of Subordinates approving of amendments to Articles XVI and XX of the Bylaws of Harmony Lodge, No. 6. Moved, seconded and carried, That the report lay on the table until to-morrow.
Report read from the Committee on Laws of Subordinates,
approving an amendment to Art. XX of the By-laws of New
Westminster Lodge, No. 3,; and also of the revised By-laws of
Columbia Lodge, No. 2. i Moved and seconded, That the report be received and adopted.    Carried.
Moved by Rep. Holmes, of No. 1, and seconded by Rep.
Dempster, of No. 2, That the Constitution of Subordinate
Lodges be amended as follows : —
Sec. 5, Art. 6.—Strike out tbe whole of this Section and insert the
following in lieu thereof :—"Nominations for Elective Officers shall be
"made on the second and succeeding regular meeting in the months of
"May and November, except when the nominees for an office all decline.,
Sec. 6.—Strike out the words "each term" in the second line and substitute therefor "Months of May and November."
On being submitted to the vote the motion was declared
to be lost.
The hour fixed by law for the election of officers having
arrived, the following nominations were made :
FOR GRAND MASTER.
Joshua Davies, No. 1 Nominated by G. Williams, No. 6.
J. H. Meldram, No. 2     Nominated by W. E. Holmes, No. 1. 628
FOR DEPUTY GRAND MASTER.
R. Scott, No. 6 Nominated by H. Waller, P. G. M., No. 2.
FOR   GRAND WARDEN.
E. H. Fletcher, No. 4.. .Nominated by W. D. McKillican, P. G. M.,No. 4.
E. S. Scoullar, No. 3. Nominated by J. C. Henderson, No. 7.
J. E. Phillips, No. 4 Nominated by J. Wriglesworth, P. G. M. No. 4.
Bro. Fletcher declined the nomination.
FOR GRAND SECRETARY.
F. Davey, No. 1 Nominated by H. Waller, P. G. M., No. 2.
FOR GRAND TREASURER.
G. H. Maynard, No. 2 Nominated by W. McColl, P. G. M., No. 3.
Rep. "Waller, P. G. M., No. 2; Rep. W. McColl, P. G. M.,
No. 3 and Rep. T. Gray, No. 8, were appointed as Tellers.
The Ballot was spread for the election of Grand Master,
and the following result announced:
No. of votes cast 33
J. Davies t Received 21 votes
J. H. Meldram        "       11    "
Blank \  1    "
The Grand Warden declared J. Davies, of No. 1, duly
elected as Grand Master for the ensuing year.
R. Scott, No. 6, being the only nominee for the office of
Deputy Grand Master, the Grand Secretary was on motion
directed to cast the ballot for his election which was done
and Bro. Scott declared duly elected Deputy Grand Master
for the ensuing year.
The Ballot was spread for Grand Warden, and the following
result announced:
No. of votes cast 34
E. S. Scoullar, No. 3 Received 20 votes
J. E. PhiUips, No. 4        j 14    "
Bro. Scoullar was declared duly elected as Grand Warden
for the ensuing year.
F. Davey, No, 1, being the only nominee for Grand Seere- 629
tary the Grand Master was,-on motion, directed to cast the
ballot for his election, which was done, and Bro. Davey de-
clared duly elected Grand Secretary for the ensuing year.
G. H. Maynard, No. 2, being the only nominee for the office of Grand Treasurer, the Grand Warden was directed by
motion to cast the ballot for his election which was done and
Bro. Maynard declared duly elected as Grand Treasurer for
the ensuing year.
Rep. Carne, P. G. M., No. 1, requested to have his name
removed from the Committee on Appeals, having openly expressed his opinion on the case to be considered by the Committee. It was on motion resolved, That the request of Rep.
Carne be granted. The Grand Master appointed Rep.
Holmes, No. 1, to fill the vacancy on the committee thus oc-
cassioned.
The Grand Master appointed Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, and
Rep. Gray, No. 8, additional members of the Judiciary Committee.
Report read from the Committee on Correspondence.
New Westminster, B. C. Feb. 8th, 1888.
To the Grtfnd Lodge of B. C, I. O. O. F.
We your committee on Correspondence of the Grand Master beg
leave to report as follows : That we recommend that portion of the report referring to appeals, to the attention of all parties intending to appeal to the Sovereign Grand Lodge.
2nd.—We regret that the Order did not see fit to adopt the scheme
suggested by the Grand Master in the building of the Jubilee Hospital.
3rd.—With reference to that portion of the correspondence between
the Grand Master and Grand Sire on the subject of admission of any
but free white males as members of the Order, we beg to report that the
position of the Grand Sire seems unassailable, and the law as laid down
by the Sovereign Grand Lodge, very clear and explicit on this point. We
are not aware that its strict enforcement bears harshly in this jurisdiction.
4th.—Regarding the militant branch of the order, we approve of the
opinion advanced by the Grand Master, we do not think that any such
show would meet with the approval of the members of this jurisdiction. 630
5th.—Referring to that portion of the correspondence dealing with
the question of the Covenant Benefit Association we consider it to be a
sound and safe company and we confidently recommend it to all members of the Order and advise them to join its ranks and secure their
families from want should they suddenly be called upon to cross the
great divide.
All of which is respectfully submitted in F. L. and T.
# E. S. SCOULLAB,
E. W. FAWCETT,
H. HOY,
BEN. BAKEB.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
Moved, seconded and carried. That the Grand Lodge reopen under the head of Election of Officers for the purpose of
electing a Grand Representative to the Sovereign Grand
Lodge.
The following nominations were offered:
B. Boberts, P. G. M., No. 1 Nominated by F. Davey, No. 1
H. Waller, P. G. M., No. 2.. , Nominated by B. W. Fawcett,No. 2
Wm. McCoU, P. G. M. No. 3 Nominated by W. Vivian, No. 8
The Grand Master appointed Rep. Carne, P.G. M., No. 1;
Rep. Phillips, No. 4 and Rap. Vivian, No. 8, as Tellers.
The Ballot was spread and the following result announced :
No. of votes cast 32
B. Boberts Beceived  4 votes
H. Waller        |       12     "
Wm. McColl        |       16    "
Neither candidate having received a majority of the votes
cast, Bro. Roberts' name was dropped, and a second ballot
spread with the following result:
No. of votes cast 32
H. Waller Beceived 14 votes
W. McColl  "       18    "
Moved, seconded and carried, That the election of Rep.
McColl, P. G. M., be declared unanimous.
Bro. McColl, P. G. M., was, accordingly, declared unanimously elected as Grand Representative. 631
Report read from Committee on Distribution.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F:
We, your Committee to whom the Grand Secretary's report was referred for distribution, beg to report that pages 1 and 2, the lower half
of page 8, and pages 13 to 16 be referred to the Committee on State of
the Order: that part of pages 11 and 12 be referred to Committe on Legislation; the balance of report to be given *o Finance Committee.
H ^ALLEB1^ \ Commitfcee on Distribution.
Moved, seconded and carried That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee on Appeals.
New Westminster, B. G, Feb. 8th, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of B. C, I. O. O. F.
We your Committee on Appeals beg leave to report that we have
carefully examined into all the evidence and facts in the case of the appeal of Bro. Thos. S. Bone vs**Columbia Lodge, No. 2, and we recommend
that the decision of the Grand Master be sustained.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
B. W. SHILES,
BOBT. McINTOSH,
E. A. HOSKINS,
HENBY MoADIE,
W.E.HOLMES.
Moved, seconded and carried That the report be received
and adopted.
Resolved, That this Grand Lodge adjourn to 9.30 a. m. tomorrow.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
SECOND DAY.
9th February, 1888.
The Grand Lodge assembled at 9.30 a. m. on this date
pursuant to adjournment. eas
Present:—
J. Davies , Grand Master.
3. H. Meldram Deputy Grand Master.
R. Scott Grand Warden.
F. Davey Grand Secretary.
F. Came, r. G. M.,  Act'g Grand Marshal.
G. Maynard # Act'g Grand Guardian.
The Grand Marshal examined all present, and reported all
duly qualified.
Tha Grand Secretary reported a quorum present:
The Grand Lodge was declared, by the Deputy  Grand
Master, opened for business.
The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read and, on
motion, adopted as read.
Report read from Committee on State of the Order.
New Westminster, B. C, Feb. 9th, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.
We, your Committee on the State of the Order, to whom was referred certain portions of the Grand Master's report, beg to report as follows :—We approve the Grand Master's action in endeavoring to obtain
fuller information respecting the condition of the Order in this Province,
and think that when the reports required from Subordinate Lodges are
reprinted, that the form might be altered so as to include some of the
questions asked by him.
The Grand Master deserves credit for the trouble he has taken in
obtaining statistics from so many sources as to the ratio that should exist between dues and benefits and his report will materially aid the
Lodges in dealing with this question. We are of opinion that there is
not sufficient data as yet before this Grand Lodge to enable it to legislate thereon. The Sovereign Grand Lodge have collected considerable
information on the point from various reports of committees to that
Grand Body which is now in the possession of the Lodges of this jurisdiction.
We approve of the Grand Master's recommendation as to the appointment by each Lodge of a medical officer, believing that the adoption of such a measure will tend to protect the funds and settle many
vexed questions as to whether a member is entitled to benefits.
We cordially approve of those portions of the Grand Masters report 633
under the various head* of "State of the Order," "Progress," "Important
Events," "Bebekah Degree," etc. We think the Grand Master has been
indefatigable in his efforts to advance and improve the status of the
Order in this Province and commend his example to his successors.
The synopsis of the Proceedings of the Sovereign Grand Lodge is j
copious and contains many important decisions, but calls for no remark
from this committee.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
W. D. MoKILLIOAN,
G B. MONCK,
GEO. H. MATNABD,
Committee.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
Report read from Committee on Appeals.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.:
Your Committee on Appeals beg to report that in its opinion the case
of Bro. Meldram which was by resolution referred to it for consideration,
does not strictly come within the purview of the functions of this committee. There is no appeal in this case and therefore nothing for this
committee to consider. If Bro. Meldram thinks himself agrieved by the
decision of the Grand Master there is a remedy provided for him of
which he must be fully aware, that is, to appeal in regular form. If the
Grand Lodge decide to re-open and review the case we recommend that
it be referred to a special committee. We ask therefore to be discharged from any further consideration of the matter.
B. W. SHILES,
BOBT. MoINTOSH,
E. A. HOSKINS,
W. E. HOLMES,
HENBY MoADIE.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read, and a Special Committee be appointed to receive
evidence in Bro. Meldram's case, and report the facts so obtained to this Grand Lodge. The Chair appointed the following Committee:—Rep. Shiles, P. G. M., No. 3; Rep. J.
C. Henderson, No. 7; Rep Geo. Williams, No. 6.
Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, gave the following notice of motion,
which was laid on the table under the rule: —
" I hereby give notice that I will move to-morrow to amend Sec. L 634
"Article II, of the Constitution of this Grand Lodge, by striking out the
| word ? February' in the 2nd line, and substituting therefor the word
"'May.'"
"Also to amend Sec. 3, Article II, of the Constitution of this Grand
'Lodge, by striking out the words 'five representatives for its Charter,
" ' and' in the second line."
Report read from Judiciary Committee.
To the Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., British Columbia.
The Judiciary Committee to whom was referred the decisions given
by the Grand Master during the recess, report that they have carefully
considered the several points raised and the replies thereto, and find
that the law has been interpreted correctly, and in the manner most conducive to the best interests of the Order,
The institution of Colfax Bebekah Degree Lodge at Victoria, and
the probability that other branches will be formed in other districts, renders legislation necessary, as the constitution of Bebekah Degree Lodges
must be made anew. We therefore suggest that the revision of the constitution of Bebekah Degree Lodges together with whatever amendments to the constitution of the Grand Lodge may at this session be
found necessary, be referred to the legislative committee.
We approve of the recommendation that statements of funds and
uniformity in keeping books and accounts in subordinate lodges should
be aimed at.
We endorse the suggestion that a day earlier than the 20th October
should be fixed for Memorial Day.
We advise the adoption of the recommendation that only one degree be conferred on a candidate at any one meeting of a subordinate,
unless in an emergency ; as the present method of "cramming" degrees
is calculated to bewilder and confuse candidates.
We are unable to approve of the recommendation that the Grand
Master shall have authority, in his judgment, to issue dispensations for
the consolidation of two or more subordinate lodges. The power would
seem to us to be an extraordinary one, and subject to abuse, especially,
as the Grand Lodge has already taken action on the point.—See proceedings G. L., '85, p. 428.
The introduction of teams for initiatory work, by the Grand Master,
has infused new life into the Order, at Victoria, and we would recommend their adoption in every lodge in the jurisdiction. 635
We are of opinion that the date of meeting of this Grand Lodge
should be changed to the month of May, as recommended by the Grand
Master.
Respectfully submitted
WM. TEMPLEMAN,
WM. EDMUNDS,
T. 0. GRAY,
J. H. MELDRAM
W
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be taken up
and considered seriatem.
Clause 1, respecting decisions of Grand Master read.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the clause be adopted as
read.
Clause 2, respecting Constitutions of Grand Lodge and
Rebekah Degree Lodges, read. Moved, seconded and carried,
That the matter be referred to the Committee on Legislation.
Clause 3, respecting Statements of Funds and uniformity
of keeping Subordinate Lodge Books, read. Moved second-
and carried, That the clause be adopted as read.
Clause 4, relating to Memorial Day, read. Moved, seconded and carried, That the clause be passed, as read, and the
matter left in the hands of the Grand Master to issue his
Proclamation in the month of August.
Clause 5, respecting conferring of Degrees, read.    Moved,
seconded and carried, That the clause be adopted, as read,*
and the Committee on Legislation be instructed to draft an
Amendment to the Constitution of Subordinate Lodges in
conformity with the recommendation.
Clause 6, respecting Consolidation of Lodges, read.
Moved, seconded and carried. Th tt the clause be adopted as
read.
Clause 7, respecting Team Work, read.    Moved, seconded
and carried, That the clause be adopted, as read.
Clause 8, respecting alteration of date of meeting of this 636
Grand Lodge, read. Moved, seconded and carried, That the
consideration of this subject be deferred till to-morrow,
when the amendment to the Constitution will be moved.
Report read from the Committee on Legislation.
New Westminster, Feb. 9th, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.
Dear Sirs and Brothers.—Your Committee on Legislation to whom
was referred a portion of the Grap.d Secretary's report, beg to report.
We recommend that the  recommendations therein contained be
adopted and that the Legislative Committee of next year be directed
during recess to collect all the amendments adopted since the framing
of the constitution, and also all standing resolutions passed by this Grand
Lodge together with others they may deem applicable and submit them
at the next session of the Grand Lodge.
Respectfully submitted,
J. WRIGLESWORTH,
J. E. PHILLIPS,
W.E.HOLMES,
WM. VIVIAN,
P.W.DEMPSTER
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
Report read from Special Committee on Bro. Meldram's
case.
New Westminster, Feb. 8th, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.
Tour Special Committee appointed on the case of Bro. Meldram v. s.
Columbia Lodge, No. 2, after going into particulars and hearing evidence
on both sides beg leave to report.
The question is narrowed down under Sec. 1, Art. 20, of the by-laws
as to whether the Brother was rendered incapable of earning a livelihood
by the accident.
We consider that the Brother is a carpenter to the extent of superintending his own buildings, that he has other ways and means of earning a livelihood.
We do not consider that tbe Brother received the certificate mentioned in the Grand Master's Report, through any misrepresentation, but
the certificate would not grant the Brother benefits constitutionally, & 637
We therefore sustain tbe judgment of the Grand Master.
Your committee further recommend the fostering of the funds of the
different lodges in this jurisdiction and the necessity of sick members
after being reported to their lodge being required to take proper care of
themselves.
All of which is submitted in F. L. and T.
B. W. SHILES,
GEO. WILLIAMS,
JNO. 0. HENDERSON.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
Moved and seconded, That this Grand Lodge adjourn to
4 o'clock this afternoon.    Carried.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
AFTERNOON SESSION.
The Grand Lodge assembled at 4 p. m., pursuant to adjournment
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
J. H. Meldram Deputy Grand Master.
F. Carne, P. G. M., Acting Grand Warden.
F. Davey - Grand Secretary.
H. Hoy Grand Marshal.
G. H. Maynard Act'g Grand Guardian.
The Grand Marshal, after due examination, announced all
present properly qualified.
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present, when
the Grand Lodge was declared open for business.
Report read from the Committee on Legislation.
New Westminster, B. C, Feb. 9th, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, L O. O. F.
Tour Committee on Legislation beg to report that it appears to
them inadvisable that the Constitution of Rebekah Degree Lodges 638
should be revised and reconstructed at this meeting on account of insufficiency of time to deal with the matter efficiently, we therefore recommend that the matter be considered by the Legislative Committee
during the coming year, with instructions to report to the next session of
this Grand Lodge.
In compliance with your directions we beg to submit the following
amendment to Sec. 1, Art. V., of the Constitution of Subordinate Lodges.
Strike out the words "and may confer the three degrees on a member at
uthe same meeting" in line 6, and insert the following after the word
"business" in line 8, "but shall not confer more than one degree on a
"member at the same meeting except in case of emergency, for which a
"dispensation must be obtained from the D. D. G. M. of the district,"
All of which is respectfully submitted.
J. WRIGLESWORTH,
J. E. PHILLIPS,
W. E. HOLMES,
WM. VIVIAN,
P. W. DEMPSTER.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted,
as read.
Report read from the Judiciary Committee,
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.:
.The Judiciary Committee, to whom were referred that portion of the
Grand Master's report, bearing upon the custody of the seal, and the attestation by the Grand Secretary of documents issued by the Grand
Master, beg leave to report.
1st. The order of the Grand Master to his District Deputies to the
effect that the N. G. and V. G. must be required to memorize their
charges, etc., before installation was eminently proper, expedient, and, in
our opinion, legal. There has been, in the past, too much laxity in this
important matter, and practice has shown that when officers have been installed before committing to memory that portion of the ritual, which it
will be their duty daring their terms to impress upon others, they have
continued, during their incumbency of the chairs, to remain in the same
profound ignorance of the impressive ceremony, which is the very foundation of the structure of Odd Fellowship. There are some exceptions'
it is true, but they only prove the rule. The propriety and expediency
of the instructions will not* we apprehend, be questioned; it is the legality
of the ultimatum that has been disputed We are of opinion, in the
absence of any explicit law on the point, that the answer of the Grand
Marshal, when asked by the installing officer if he has examined the N.
G. and V. G. with the view of ascertaining their proficiency, covers the
doint; and if that answer is to the effect that the candidate is not com- 639
petent, he should not be installed. The very fact that an examination is
made is evidence of the intent of the law; for if it were permissable to
allow the presiding officer to use the books an examination in the
written work would be supererogatory. Proof of the fact that the N. G.
elect could read would, in that case, be all that would be necessary, and
any person who could read would be competent to do the work.
2. The Grand Secretary is the custodian of the seal, the possession
of which implies the right to use for all legal purposes.
3. The seal, in our opinion, is the engraved stamp, in the custody
of the Grand Secretary, which is printed or impressed upon all important documents, which are to have the force of law, and not the
printed fac simile on the letter heads.
4. The personal responsibility of the Grand Secretary in attesting
and "sealing" documents issued under instructions from the Grand
Master must be admitted, otherwise that important officer would be a
mere automaton. He is more than a " witness " of the signature of the
Grand Master, and this Grand Lodge, for instance, would most undoubtedly hold him, almost equally with the Grand Master, responsible for
any flagrant departure from the law by subordinates, which was brought
about by instructions signed by him in conjunction with the Grand
Master. It follows, therefore, that the Grand Secretary must approve of
all documents signed by him, in conjunction with the Grand Master.
5. To remove the possibility of friction which under this interpretation of the law may again arise, we recommend that the Grand Secretary
be not required to attest documents, of the legality of which he entertains doubts, in any other capacity than that of a "witness" to the seal
of the Grand Lodge, and the signature of the Grand Master, when he
shall preface his signature by the words "By Order," thus relieving him
of all personal responsibility for the acts of his superior officer.
WM. TEMPLFMAN,
T. 0. GRAY,
JOHN H. MELDRAM,
WILLIAM EDMUNDS.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
Report read from the Committee on Correspondence.
New Westminster, Feb. 9th, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.
We your Committee on Correspondence to whom was referred that
portion of the Grand Master's report relating to a specimen form of Bylaws for Subordinate Lodges in force in the jurisdiction of Pennsylvania
beg to recommend its adoption by all Subordinate  Lodges   requiring 640
new By-laws or when revising old ones, and we would respectfully suggest that the Grand Secretary keep on hand a few copies of this form so
that any Lodge oould ha\e the benefit of them.
Yours in F. L. and T.
E. S. SCOULLAR,
R. W. FAWCETT,
H. HOY.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
Report of the Committee on Laws of Subordinates on an
amendment to the by-laws of Harmony Lodge, No. 6, laid
over from yesterday, taken from tbe table. Moved, seconded
and carried, That inasmuch as the section of by-laws approved by the committee contains the words "and previous to the
election of officers or he*shall not be entitled to vote," which
is in conflict with Art. 740 of White's Digest; that the Article
be referred back to Harmony Lodge, No. 6, with a direction
to eliminate these words.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the Committee on Taxation of Lodge property appointed last session he continued.
It was on motion resolved, That this Grand Lodge adjourn to 9 o'clock a. m. to-morrow.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned,
THIRD DAY.
10th February, 1888,
The Grand Lodge met at 9 a. m., on the above date.
Present:
J. Davies Grand Master,
J. H. Meldram , Deputy Grand Master,
F. Carne, P. G. M Acting Grand Warden,
F. Davey Grand Secretary,
H. Hoy Grand Marshal,
R. W. Fawcett Acting Grand Guardian. 641
The Grand Marshal examined all in the Grand Lodge
Degree and reported them duly qualified.
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge
open for business.
The minutes of preceding day's session were read and approved.
The Grand Master appointed the following Special Committee to report on those portions of the Grand Master's report not yet dealt with : Rep. Hoy, No. 3, Rep. McKillican,
P. G. M., No. 4, Rep. Mcintosh, No. 1.
The above committee presented the following report :
New Westminster, B. C, 10th February, 1888.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.:
Your Special Committee on matters not yet dealt with in the Grand
Master's Report, beg to report as follows :—
The question of the basis of Representation to this Grand Lodge
can only be dealt with by an amendment to its Constitution, in regular
form, but in order to obtain an expression from this meeting we submit
that the following basis would be fair and equitable to all concerned, secure
a sufficient number to transact the Grand Lodge business, and tend to
reduce tbe annual expenses of this Grand Body, viz.:—Each Lodge
should have one representative for 25 members and under, and an additional representative for each additional 25 members or fraction over
20 members.
With reference to the admission to membership of persons of 18
years of age, we would recommend that the matter be referred to the
Grand Representative to support the necessary legislation in the Sovereign Grand Lodge.
With regard to tire supply of Bound Proceedings of the Sovereign
Grand Lodge, to this Grand Body, we find that the Grand Representa"
tives receive these, and they become their private property. We are of
opinion, however, that this Grand Body should be in possession of them,
and therefore advise that they be purchased as soon as the finances of
tbe Grand Lodge will admit.
We deem it inadvisable to change the term in Subordinate Lodges 642
at present, bat recommend that the Representatives be requested to
ascertain the views of their respective Lodges on this question, so that
the matter may be dealt with next session if necessary.
Respectfully submitted,
H. HOY,
ROBT. McINTOSH,
W. D. McKILLICAN.
Movfed, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted,
as read.
Report read from Finance Committee.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.:
Your Finance Committee beg to report that they have examined the
Books, Vouchers and reports of the Grand Secretary and Gfrand Treasurer and find the same are correct, with a few exceptions, viz., we find
two orders drawn in favor of two representatives from Nanaimo last session amounting to $25. We recommend that the Grand Secretary be
directed to debit the Grand Treasurer with the same which will balance
the Grand Lodge accounts. That the small accounts paid out by the
Grand Treasurer for exchange, etc., be adjusted by orders being drawn
in favor of the Grand Treasurer.
We would recommend that the Grand Secretary be paid one hundred
dollars per annum for his duties as Secretary of the Endowment Association. We would also recommend that the suggestion of the Grand
Secretary be carried out, viz., that $121.30 be transferred from the
Management Fund to the Reserve Fund.
We would suggest that all monies over and above $300 of the Endowment Fund (which the law requires shall be placed in the Savings
Bank) be placed in Garesche, Green & Co's Bank, at Victoria, at interest.
The reason for this is that the Savings Bank will not receive more than
$300 per annum from any one depositor, and we would strongly recommend that the Grand Master give his attention to this matter, in future
as the Law does not seem to have been carried out in this particular, and
as the Grand Treasurer is not present we cannot get an explanation.
We would recommend that the per capita tax of Subordinate Lodges
to this Grand Lodge for the ensuing year, be 1; seventy-five cents to be
paid on 30th of June, and 25 cents on 31st of December.
Estimate of revenue and expenditure for the ensuing year.
revenue.
Balance in Grand Treasurer's hands $ 363 90
Per capita tax 802 members, @ $1 each  802 00
$1,165 90 643
EXPENDITURE.
Printing $150 00
Cupboard for Grand Secretary  20 00
Salary Grand Secretary  180 00
Rent of Grand Secretary's Office  60 00
Sovereign Grand Lodge Tax  75 00
Grand Herald  10 00
Janitor  10 00
Postage  15 00
Mileage:
12 Representatives from Victoria, @ 15  180 00
2              I                I     Vic oria, @ 12.50  25 00
1 "               |     Kamloops.....  30 00
2 |                I     Chilliwhack, at @ $10  20 00
2              "               I     Vancouver, @ $8  16 00
2 | I     Nanaimo, @ $20     40 00
3 I §      Wellington, @ $20     60 00
1 1 I "       8 00
        $899 00
Balance  $266 90
H. WALLER,
E. S. SCOULLAR,
T. C. GRAY,
W. McCOLL,
Finance Committee.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, moved the amendment to the Grand
Lodge Constitution of which notice was given yesterday, viz :
Strike out the words "Five representatives for its charter and"
in Sec. 3, Art. 2. Seconded by Rep. Mcintosh, No. 1, and
carried.
Moved by Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, and seconded by Rep.
Carne, P. G. M., No. 1, That Sec. 1, Art. 2 of the Grand Lodge
Constitution be amended by striking out the word "February"
and inserting the word "May" in lieu thereof. On being submitted to the vote, the motion was declared lost by a vote of
10 for and 15 aaainst.
It was on motion resolved, That the next meeting of this
Grand Lodge be held in the city of Victoria 644
Moved by Rep. Davey, No. 1, seconded by Rep. McKillican, P. G. M., No. 4, and carried.
This Grand Lodge having elected a Grand Representative, it is expedient that it should express an opinion on some of the prominent questions which are being agitated and will in all probability be presented for
consideration at the next session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, in order
that he may be acquainted with the feeling of this Grand Body and govern
himself accordingly.
In the matter of the proposed reduction of the age at which persons
may be admitted to membership, this Grand Lodge has previously expressed its approval of the age being reduced to 18 years, and the Grand
Representative is hereby instructed to bupport the proposed amendment
to the Sovereign Grand Lodge Constitution having this end in view.
DUES AND  BENEFITS.
This question has been under consideration in the Sovereign Grand
Lodge for a number of years and sufficient statistics and data have been
collected on this subject in our opinion to enable that Grand Body to
deal intelligently with this vital question, therefore in the opinion of this
Grand Lodge the Sovereign Grand Lodge should frame such scales oi:
dues and benefits as will embrace the necessities of the various localities
and make it compulsory on each state jurisdiction to adopt one of these
scales for incoming members.
The matter of establishing an Endowment or Insurance department
of the Sovereign Grand Lodge is in the judgment of this Grand Body
worthy of encouragement and our Grand Representative is hereby requested to give the same his support.
Juvenile branches have been found to. be of great assistance in connection with other kindred societies acting as nurseries to the parent
body, we therefore think that this feature could with advantage be added to our present organization.
Extravagant expenditure of Lodge funds is to be deprecated, and it
is but fitting that such a sentiment should be backed up by a disposition
on the part of Grand Bodies to reduce any unnecessary expense at their
own meetings, we therefore desire the Grand Representative to assist in
any movement tending to accomplish a reduction on this point that may
be presented at the next session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge which
will permit the substitution of a simple badge or ribbon in the place of
an expensive regalia.
Resolved, That the installation of Grand Lodge Officers
this evening be held in the third degree.
Resolved, That the thanks of this Grand Lodge are due and 645
are hereby tendered to New Westminster Lodge, No. 3,   for
the use of the hall, etc., during the present session.
Resolved, That the representatives of the Lodges who
have lost members of this Grand Lodge by deaJi during the
past year be requested to furnish the Grand Secretary with
the necessary particulars respecting the deceased brothers for
insertion in the Memorial Page to be included in the printed
proceedings of this session.
Moved, seconded and carried, That this Grand Lodge adjourn to 8 o'clock this evening.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
EVENING SESSION.
The Grand Lodge assembled at 8 o'clock p. m. in accordance with the resolution for adjournment.
Present:
J. Davies Grand Master,
J. H. Meldram Deputy Grand Master,
Fred. Carne, P. G. M , Acting Grand Warden,
F. Davey Grand Secretary,
H. Hoy Grand Marshal,
R. W. Fawcett Acting Grand Guardian.
The Grand Marshal having examined all present announced them duly qualified.
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Lodge was declared open for business by the
Deputy Grand Master.
The Grand Lodge was closed in the Grand Lodge Degree
and re-opened in the Third Degree. All qualified brothers having been admitted, Rep. B. W. Shiles, P. G. M., No. 3, took
the chair at the request of the Grand Master.
The chair appointed Rep. Waller, P. G. M., No. 2, and 646
Rep. McColl, P. G. M., No. 3, to present the Grand Master
elect for installation. Bro. Joshua Davies, P. G. M., No. 1,
was presented, duly obligated and installed as Grand Master
for the ensuing year.
The Grand Master then installed the following officers
elect in their respective chairs: R. Scott, No. 6, as Deputy
Grand Master; E. S. Scoullar, No. 3, as Grand Warden ; F.
Davey, No. 1, as Grand Secretary and G. H. Maynard, No.
2, as Grand Treasurer.
The Grand Master announced the following appointments :
W. H. Flewin, No. 1, Grand Marshal; T. 0. Gray, No. 8,
Grand Guardian; J. Pope, No. 2, Grand Conductor: W. H.
Huxtable, No. 1, Grand Herald ; F. Carne, P. G. M., No. 1,
Grand Chaplain ; R. Mcintosh, No. 1, and S. T. Mackintosh,
No. 3, Grand Instructors.
Bro. T. C. Gray, No. 8, was presented and duly installed
as Grand Guardian.
The   Grand   Master   appointed   the    following   District
Deputies :
J. E. Phillips, No. 4, for District No. 1.
J. E. PhiUips, No. 3, for District No. 2.
H. McAdie, No. 5, for District No. 3.
A. Clarkson, No. 6, for District No. 4.
J. C. Henderson, No. 7, for District No. 5.
W. Vivian, No. 8, for District No. 6.'
W. Edmunds, No. 9, for District No. 7.
Also the following Brothers to form the Standing Committees :—
Committee on Finance—C. Hayward, No. 1; W, McColl, P. G. M.,
No. 3; H. Waller, P. G. M., No. 2; T. C. Gray, No. 8: F. Page, No. 1.
Committee on Appeals.—B. W. Shiles. P. G. M, No. 3; F. Carne,
P. G. M?, No. 1; W. Walker, No. 4; J. Pope, No. 2; T. C. Gray, No. 8.
Committee on Laws op Subobdinates.—H. Waller, P. G. M.,
No. 2; C. Hayward, No. 1; P. A. Babbington, No. 4; P. J. Foulds, No.
3; J. A. Campbell, No. 7.
Committee on State of the Order.—W. D. McKillican, P. G. M.,
No. 4; B. W. Shiles, P. G. M., No. 3; W, Templeman, No. 1. 647
Committee on Petitions.—J.   Weiler,   P.  G.  M., No.   1;   J. H.
Meldram, No. 2; A. J. McCandless, No. 4; W. Edmunds, No. 9.
Committee on Legislation.—J. Wriglesworth, P. G. M., No. 4; H.I
Waller, P. G. M., No. 2; F. Carne, P. G. M., No. 1; C. Hayward, No. 1;
W. D. McKillican, P. G. M., No. 4.
Committee on Endowment.—F. Carne, P. G. M. No. 1; J. H. Meldram, No. 2; B. W. Shiles, P. G. M., No. 3: W. Walker, No. 4; W. H.
Morton, No. 5; G. Williams, No. 6; J. C. Henderson, No. 7; W. Vivian, j
No. 8; W. Edmunds, No. 9.
Committee on Printing.—Grand Secretary and Grand Treasurer.
Rep. Waller, P. G. M , No. 2, at the request of the Grand
Master, exemplified the secret work of the Degrees.
The Grand Lodge was closed in the Third Degree and on
the retirement of all not qualified, was re-opened in the Grand
Lodge Degree.
Resolved, That the appointments of the Grand Master be
confirmed.
Resolved, That a vote of thanks be tendered the Grand
Master for his efficient services in that capacity during the
past year.
The minutes of this dat's session were read and on motion
adopted as read.
Moved, seconded and carried, That this Grand Lodge now
adjourn.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned sine die.
FRED'K DAVEY,
Grand Secretary, 648

Name and Number of Lodge.
Initiated.

Admitted by Card.

Reinstated.

Withdrawn.

Deceased.

Ceased Membership by

Rejected.

No of Members in good
Standing. 649 650 651 652
In Memoriam.
ROBERT  LIPSETT, P. G.
Initiated in Columbia Lodge, No. 2,15th Dec, 1875,
Died 20th Sept ,  1887.
CHAS. NEWLAND TREW, P. G.
Initiated in New Westminster Lodge, No. 3, 19th June, 1872
Died 28th Oct., 1887.
THOS. HARRIS, P. G.
Initiated in Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, 6th Aug., 1884
Died  19th April,  1887.
WILLIAM BONE, P. G.
Initiated in Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5,15th Feb., 1882.
Died 3rd May, 1887.
WILLIAM WILKS,   P.  G.
Initiated in Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, 26th Dec, 1874.
Died 24th January, 1888.
JOHN McNEIL, P. G.
Initiated in Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, 27th Dec, 1875
Joined Harmony Lodge, No. 6, by deposit of Card,
11th Feb., 1884.
Died 24th January, 1888. INDEX
PAGE.
Abstracts, Reports Subordinate Lodges 648, 649, 650
Age of Candidates for Membership 601, 603, 613, 644
Amendments—By-Laws Subordinate Lodges 623,626, 627, 640
" Constitution Grand Lodge 633, 636, 643
Subordinate lodges 627, 638
Anniversary of the Order 574
Appeals 571, 572, 580, 610, 623, 625, 629, 633
Appointments-Committees 563, 565, 566, 625, 629, 633, 641, 646
District Deputy Grand Masters 611. 646
" Subordinate Grand Lodge Officers 646
Arizona, Grand Lodge of ;  615
By-Laws, Subordinate Lodges 623, 626, 627, 640
Charitable Fund 576
Charter Members    1 599
Charters Subordinate Lodges 624, 626
Committees—Appeals 565, 629, 646
Correspondence 566, 625
Credentials i 563
^Distribution ; 616, 623
Endowment Association 647
Finance 565, 646
Judiciary 566, 629
Laws of Subordinates 565, 646
Legislation 565, 647
Petitions t 565, 647
Printing '. 647
Taxation of Lodge Property 640
Special  f| 566, 633, 641
Standing Besolutions 566
State of the Order 625, 646
Constitution— Grand Lodge  .635, 643
Rebekah Degree Lodges 635, 637
Subordinate Lodges 627,638
Corner Stone Odd Fellows Hall, New Westminster 608
Correspondence 580
Covenant Mutual Benefit Association, Galesburg, Illinois 588, 630
Deaths | 612
Decisions Grand Master 570, 572
Grand Sire 596 11
Degrees, Grand Lodge 563, 624
f       Subordinate Lodge 599, 614, 634, 635, 638
I | "     Fees for 601
Dispensations , :. 609, 610
Dues and Benefits 567, 603, 632, 644
Dues, Payment of * 597
Election Grand Lodge Officers 627, 630
Encampments in British Columbia 602
Endpwment 603, 606, 644
Endowment Benefit Association 620, 642
Estimate Revenue and Expenditure . 642
Exemplification, Secret Work 647
Funeral Benefits 597, 604
|       Ceremony, Daughters of Rebekah 603
Gambling t. 570
Grand Lodge, date of meeting 613, 634,633, 643
I ??      open in Third Degree 644, 645
" is      place of meeting ,    643
representation to 613, 620. 634, 643
Grand Master's Contingent Fund 614
Grand Master, Honors to 600
Visits of 608, 610
Officer's Election , 627, 630
Representative 630, 643
Secretary 587, 606/639, 642
|     Treasurer. 624, 642
Homes for aged and indigent Odd Fellows 602,605
Initiation <... .599, 607
|        and Degree Fees 569
Installation of Officers 600, 612, 644, 646
institution of Lodges 608, 609
Jubilee Hospital 574, 581,612, 629
Juvenile Branch of the Order 603, 644
Lodge Funds, Expenditure of 582, 584 598, 603
Manchester Unity 602
Medical Officer 569, 632
Members away from home 605
Members joining by Card 604
Membership, Qualification for 583, 584, 601, 603, 629, 641, 644
Memorial Day w 577, 613, 635
Memorial Page in Proceedings , 645,652
Nomination Subordinate Lodge Officers 627
Officers Subordinate Lodges, eligibility of 600
" " "        nomination of 627
P? " "        to memorize charges, etc 612, 638
Order for A. T. P. W. 570
Patriarchal Circle ♦ 578 Ill
11
Patriarchs Militan t 585, 586, 587, 629
Per Capita Tax..  .642
Proclamations , 574, 577, 578, 579
Rebekah Degree I  579, 597,603, 604, 609, 634
Regalia 604,644
Reports—Committees, Appeals 631, 633
Correspondence 629,639
Credentials 563
Distribution 625, 631
Finance 642
Judiciary 634, 638
Laws of Subordinates 626,627, 640
Legislation 636, 637
Petitions | 625
Special 636, 641
State of the Order 632
Reports, District Deputy Grand Master's 610
" Grand Master's 566
1    Secretary's 616
I        Subordinate Lodges 579, 622, 632, 648, 649, 650
Representation to Grand Lodge 613, 620,641
Representative Tax, Sovereign Grand Lodge 604, 623
Seal, Grand Lodge 587, 639
Sick Benefits 567, 570, 571, 572, 596, 606
Sovereign Grand Lodge, Proceedings 594, 614, 641
Standing Resolutions, Grand Lodge 636
State of the Order , 606
Subordinate Lodge, Books and Accounts of 613, 634
Consolidation of 614, 634, 635
Constitution 627, 638
Expenses and Funds of 614
Model By-Laws of 639
Officers List of gsfl 651
Terms of 613, 641
Team Work 607,613,634
Taxation, Lodge Property 640
Unwritten Work 577
| |   Exemplification of , .647
Votes of Thanks 644, 647
West Virginia, Grand Lodge of 614
Widow and Orphans' Funds 605
Withdrawal Cards 604 PAST GRAND MASTERS
—OF THE—
GRAND LODGE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
I. O. O. F.
*J. S. DRUMMOND 1874 Victoria Lodge, No. 1
JOHN WEILER 1875        " "
tJ. P. DAVIES 1876 Columbia Lodge, No 2
R ROBERTS 1877 Victoria Lodge, No. 1
%W. J. JEFFREE... .....1878 Columbia Lodge No. 2
CHARLES GOWEN 1879 Victoria Lodge, No. 1
J. WRIGLESWORTH 1880 Dominion Lodge, No. 4
B. W. SHILES 1881.NewWestm'stfr Lodge, No. 3
HENRY WALLER 1882 Columbia Lodge, No. 2
ALEXANDER PHILLIP8.  1888 Victoria Lodge, No. 1
W. D. McKILLICAN 1884 Dominion Lodge, No. 4
WM. McCOLL 1885 New Westm'st'r Lodge, No. 3
FRED'K CARNE 1886 Victoria Lodge, No. 1
JOSHUA DAVIES 1887      |
♦Died 6th February, 1884. 1\Died 20th September, 1879.
JDied 18th March, 1885. ADDRESSES OF THE GRAND OFFICERS
—OF THE—
GRAND LODGE OF BRITISH  COLUMBIA,  I. O. O. F,
JOSHUA DAVIES Grand Master Victoria
ROBT. SCOTT Deputy Grand Master Wellington
E. S. SCOULLAR Grand Warden New Westminster
FRED'K DAVEY Grand Secretary. P. O. Box 481. Victoria
GFO. H. MAYNARD. ..
WM. McCOLL, P G. M.
W. H. FLEWIN	
T. C. GRAY	
J.POPE	
W. H. HUXTABLE.. ..
F. CARNE, P. G. M ....
R McINTOSH )
S. T MACKINTOSH   J
Treasurer Victoria
" Representative. New Westminst'r
"     Marshal .£. Victoria
"     Guardian Vancouver
"     Conductor Victoria
"    Herald  .. "/i.Victoria
"     Chaplain Victoria
Grand Instructors  Victoria
DISTRICT DEPUTY GRAND MASTERS.
District No. 1 J. E. PHILLIPS Victoria
No. 2 .7. E. PHILLIPS New Westminster
No. 3 H. McADIE Nanaimo
No.4 A.CLARKSON Wellington
No. 5 J. C. HENDERSON Chilliwhack
No. 6 W. VIVIAN £..Vancouver
No.7 W.EDMUNDS Kamloops
i3pThe next Annual Session of the Grand Lodge will be held at
Victoria on Wednesday, the 13th day of February, 1889.
SUPPLIES.        §
The following Bates will be charged for Supplies, all  Orders  for
which must be signed by the Secretary and bear the Seal of the Lodge:
Subordinate Lodge Kitual S3 00
Degree of Bebekah Charge Books  3 00
Bitual for Bebekah Degree Lodges only   3 00
Visiting and Withdrawal Cards and Dismissal Certificates       25
Visiting and Withdrawal Cards for Bebekah Lodges       22
Books of Forms           1 25
Books of Odes, with Music c •. 1 00
White's Digest. I.: .-..', 3 50
Additions to Digest 1882-1884, bound $J*0       75
Lodge Odes (Subordinate and Bebekah)      10
Anniversary Odes  &:       10
Funeral Hymns with responses ^4rI •   19
Funeral Ceremony      30
Anniversary Ceremony $J       20
Burial Ceremony, Daughter of Bebekah ■ Jr^|*j   20
< Certificates of Membership, on Plate raper /0t£*       75
Bebekah Certificate, on Plate paper *&i...      30
Officers' Boll Books .;.;, £  1 00
Question Book, 150 Questions   1 50
Order on Treasurer's Book, 250 Orders   1 50
Initiation   Petitions,   form   recommended   by Sovereign Grand
Lodge "$• !#£& fCf $1.50 per 100
Subordinate Lodge Degree Chart t£%^^ S3 00
Bound Proceedings, Grand Lodge of B. C, 1874-1885  2 00

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