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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Community centres and their leadership : a study of British Columbia McKenzie, Kathleen Elizabeth 1947

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L £~ 3 # 7  11 HI m ti .  {  COMMUNITY CENTRES AND THEIR LEADERSHIP A STUDY OP BRITISH COLUMBIA by Kathleen  A  Elizabeth  A  A  MoKenzie  A  A Thesis submitted i n P a r t i a l F u l f i l m e n t o f The Requirements f o r t h e Degree o f MASTER OF SOCIAL WORK i n t h e Department of  SOCIAL WORK  £  A  X  £  The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h Columbia September, 1947»  Abstract The purpose of t h i s s t u d y i s t o d e s c r i b e community c e n t r e s i n B r i t i s h Columbia and t o e v a l u a t e them, p a r t i c u l a r l y i n r e l a t i o n to leadership* What appears t o t h e a u t h o r as t h e b e s t o f c u r r e n t thought on t h e purposes and l e a d e r s h i p o f community c e n t r e s i s set f o r t h ,  ©n t h e b a s i s o f t h i s c r i t e r i a f o r t h e e v a l u a -  t i o n o f community c e n t r e s a r e e v o l v e d *  Twenty n i n e community  c e n t r e s i n B r i t i s h Columbia and the Yukon T e r r i t o r y ,  concern-  i n g which i n f o r m a t i o n was a v a i l a b l e ,  Finally,  are described.  t h e community c e n t r e developments, so d e s c r i b e d , a r e e v a l u a t e d i n terms o f the c r i t e r i a . I n o u t l i n i n g t h e s t a n d a r d s , by w h i c h i t i s p r o p o s e d t h a t t h e community c e n t r e s d e s c r i b e d s h o u l d be judged, ence i s made t o t h e o r i g i n s is attributed  refer-  o f community c e n t r e s * T h e i r growth  t o t h e l e i s u r e - t i m e needs a r i s i n g out o f u r b a n -  i z a t i o n and i n d u s t r i a l i z a t i o n .  The p r i n c i p a l developments i n  the U n i t e d Kingdom, t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s and Canada a r e  outlined.  There has evolved t h e c o n c e p t i o n o f t h e community c e n t r e as a n i n s t i t u t i o n w h i c h enables a f e e l i n g  of u n i t y and  democratic  e x p r e s s i o n f o r t h e community* I f such ends a r e t o be s e r v e d , t h e p l a n n i n g f o r t h e community c e n t r e must be done i n c o n s u l t a t i o n w i t h o t h e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s o f the community* F o r t h i s purpose a c o - o r d i n a t i n g ,  II planning council must be organized.  Suoh a council should  become a permanent part of a community, for the pooling of resources can meet other needs.  The Community Centre must be  related to suoh a group. Buildings are a means to an end and e f f o r t s should be made not only to provide new ones but to adapt e x i s t i n g ones to serve the objectives of the  centre.  Program and the organization of the membership of the Centre must serve the primary objectives of meeting human needs and e s t a b l i s h i n g such a pattern of s o c i a l relationships as w i l l make possible the growth of i n d i v i d u a l s as s o c i a l beings. E f f e c t i v e leadership can be provided who understand these things.  only by those  Training must equip leaders with  a knowledge of community l i f e , an understanding of human needs and behaviour, r e c r e a t i o n a l , supervisory, administrative and other s k i l l s .  Professional leadership, so trained and equipp-  ed, i s e s s e n t i a l . The description of the twenty-nine community centres is prefaced by an outline of the work of several public and private p r o v i n c i a l agencies.  The community centres of eight  d i s t r i c t s of the City of Vancouver are described.  There f o l l -  ow three important centres i n municipalities adjoining Vancouver.  Developments i n seventeen other communities of the  Province are then outlined. In evaluating developments, i t i s pointed out that  Ill r e q u e s t s f o r h e l p addressed t o p r o v i n c i a l a g e n c i e s c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e a widespread need f o r more r e c r e a t i o n a l programs and  activities*  The f a c t t h a t many communities a r e o r g a n -  i z i n g t o meet t h e i r own needs suggests t h e y see i n t h e commu n i t y c e n t r e a d e s i r a b l e agency f o r t h e i r community* The  developments i n t h e v a r i o u s communities and  t h e i r r e l a t i o n s h i p t o the presence o r l a c k of l e a d e r s are outlined.  Few o f t h e a r e a s w i t h i n t h e scope o f t h e s t u d y  have t h e s e r v i c e s o f t r a i n e d l e a d e r s *  The c a p a c i t i e s and  l i m i t a t i o n s o f these leaders are r e f l e c t e d i n the c o n s t i t u t i o n and f u n c t i o n i n g , t h e suocesses and f a i l u r e s o f t h e i r several  centres* The  r e l a t i o n s h i p between t h e v a l u e o f t h e l e a d e r -  s h i p and i t s f i n a n c i a l c o s t i s . p o i n t e d out*  For smaller  communities i t i s suggested t h a t more e x t e n s i v e use o f trained leadership were s h a r e d *  would be p o s s i b l e  More t r a i n e d l e a d e r s h i p  l e v e l would a c c e l e r a t e out t h e p r o v i n c e .  i f o o s t s and s e r v i c e s at the p r o v i n c i a l  community c e n t r e developments t h r o u g h -  Community Centres and Their  Leadership  A Study of B r i t i s h Columbia TABLE 01* CONTENTS  Page  Part I The Community Centre - A Nascent I n s t i t u t i o n Chapter 1:  Origins S o c i a l conditions and needs, the development of organizations.  Chapter 2:  Characteristics D e f i n i t i o n and objectives, j o i n t planning, the b u i l d i n g , the program, the organization of the membership, the importance of volunteers.  Chapter 3:  Leadership • The type of leadership, knowledge of community l i f e , understanding of human needs and behaviour, knowledge of r e c r eation, knowledge of the art of superv i s i o n , knowledge of administration, the t r a i n i n g of leaders.  18  Part I I B r i t i s h Columbia Chapter 4 :  Recreation and Leisure-Time Services i n B r i t i s h Columbia Department of P r o v i n c i a l Recreation and Physioal Education, Department of Unive r s i t y Extension, the B r i t i s h Columbia Oommunity Centre Association, National Film Board Services, p r o v i n c i a l services of private agencies, community centres.  Chapter 5:  Vancouver • Colllngwood, K i t a i l a n o , X e r r i s d a l e , Marpole, Grandview, the West End, Fairview-Mount Pleasant and West Point Grey.  35  Chapter 6:  Adjacent M u n i c i p a l i t i e s .., West Vancouver, North Vancouver, Burnaby•  53  25  Page C h a p t e r 7:  L a r g e r C i t i e s and Towns P o r t a l b e r n i and A l b e r n i , P r i n c e R u p e r t , Kamloops, C h i l l i w a c k , Cranbrook, Summerland, Nelson.  69  Chapter 8:  S m a l l Communities Invermere, Sooke, Youbou, F u l f o r d Harbour', M i l l Bay, A s h c r o f t , Dawson C i t y , MoBride.  82  Part I I I Conclusions Chapter 9:  Evaluation • • Recent growth, c o - o r d i n a t i n g c o u n c i l s , the b u i l d i n g , democratic s t r u c t u r e , program, v o l u n t e e r s , t r a i n e d l e a d e r s h i p , the f u t u r e .  Appendix:  The Q u e s t i o n n a i r e ,  Bibliography:  90  i t s c o m p i l a t i o n and u s e . 103 •  ••  110  Community C e n t r e s and T h e i r l e a d e r s h i p A S t u d y o f B r i t i s h Columbia  Part I  The Community C e n t r e A Nascent  Institution  . C h a p t e r One - O r i g i n s S o o i a l C o n d i t i o n s and Heeds "Cur i n a b i l i t y t o p r o v i d e a t once the  appropriate  s t r u c t u r e f o r our c i v i l i z a t i o n s h o u l d be no cause f o r permanent d i s c o u r a g e m e n t .  Most o f t h e f o r c e s t h a t work  b e n i g n l y toward t h e c o o p e r a t i o n and communion o f p e o p l e s are young; most o f t h e f o r c e s t h a t work a g a i n s t  suoh  i n t e r c o u r s e a r e o l d and d e e p l y i n g r a i n e d i n i n s t i t u i o r i -  1 a l h a b i t s and i n o r g a n i z a t i o n . " Such a statement might w e l l be i l l u s t r a t e d by a s t u d y o f t h e growth and development of community c e n t r e s . T h i s growth has been a s p o r a d i c one, and i t appears t o have been most r a p i d when democracy  i s threatened.  During the  ' f i r s t and second great war p e r i o d s and d u r i n g t h e p r e s e n t post-war p e r i o d , t h e r e has been a w i d e l y e x p r e s s e d d e s i r e on t h e p a r t o f communities themselves f o r the e s t a b l i s h m e n t community c e n t r e s .  of  S i n c e we l i v e i n an age o f m a t e r i a l i s m ,  t h i s d e s i r e u s u a l l y r e s u l t s i n a c t i v i t y d i r e c t e d toward the e r e c t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g , which w i l l - s e r v e as a m e e t i n g p l a c e for  the members of t h e community.  There i s r a r e l y  sufficient  f o r m u l a t i o n o f the p u r p o s e s of suoh a c e n t r e and no a r t i c u l a t e r e a l i z a t i o n t h a t t h e e r e c t i o n o f t h e b u i l d i n g i s but a means t o an end. 1.  l e w i s Mumford, C u l t u r e o f P i t i e s , H a r c o u r t , Braoe N.Y., 1938, P. "552  &  Co.,  2. There a r e s e v e r a l c o n d i t i o n s w h i c h have c o n t r i b u t e d t o t h e demand f o r oommunity c e n t r e s .  The i n d u s t r i a l i z a t i o n  and u r b a n i z a t i o n o f l a r g e s e c t i o n s o f t h e p o p u l a t i o n has r e s u l t e d i n an i n c r e a s e i n l e i s u r e time*  The need f o r l e a r n i n g  r e c r e a t i o n a l s k i l l s and c r e a t i v e e x p r e s s i o n became w i d e s p r e a d . These c o n d i t i o n s were h i g h l i g h t e d and a c c e n t u a t e d by t h e dep r e s s i o n and war y e a r s , when t h e needs o f y o u t h became o b v i o u s and  acute. I t i s now an e s t a b l i s h e d f a c t t h a t i n h i s l e i s u r e  1  t i m e t h e i n d i v i d u a l seeks c e r t a i n s a t i s f a c t i o n s . They i n c l u d e s e l f - e x p r e s s i o n , f e l l o w s h i p , t h e j o y o f c r e a t i o n , , new experi e n c e s , t h e sense o f achievement, a f e e l i n g o f p h y s i c a l w e l l b e i n g , t h e use o f m e n t a l powers, t h e enjoyment o f b e a u t y , t h e rendering  o f s e r v i c e and r e l a x a t i o n . The  shock o f t h e r e c e n t war p e r i o d f o r c e d p e o p l e o f  democratic countries t o take stock of t h e i r s o c i e t y . e s s i t y f o r m o b i l i z a t i o n of resources  The nec-  d u r i n g t h e war and t h e  t h r e a t t o a way o f l i f e f o r c e d communities t o o r e a t e new organ l z a t i o n s whereby t h e i r needs might be met. commonplace ones: of v o l u n t e e r s  The t a s k s were  t h e c o l l e c t i o n o f aluminum, t h e r e c r u i t i n g  t o r e l e a s e p e r s o n n e l f o r more e s s e n t i a l s e r v i c e s  the c o l l e c t i o n o f s u p p l i e s and t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n f o r t h e Red C r o s s , t h e work o f a i r r a i d wardens.  A l l o f these contributed  t o a more widespread awareness o f t h e b r o a d e r community, i n w h i c h eaoh p e r s o n and f a m i l y l i v e d .  I n these a c t i v i t i e s  p e o p l e found s a t i s f a c t i o n and c o n f i d e n c e . a l i v e and m e a n i n g f u l .  Old p a t t e r n s  Democracy became  o f i s o l a t i o n and c o m p e t i t i  were f o r g o t t e n and o r g a n i z a t i o n s sought ways o f w o r k i n g t o g e t h e r f o r t h e common o b j e c t i v e s . "The o e n t r a l purpose o f a p o s i t i v e freedom -- seeks to  o r g a n i z e o p p o r t u n i t i e s , ' w h i c h harmonize t h e i n d i v i d u a l  and t h e s o c i a l p u r p o s e . I t i s t h u s s e e k i n g t o c r e a t e t h e environment i n which t h e emerging o f an i n t e g r a t e d p e r s o n 1  a l i t y becomes p o s s i b l e f o r a mass o f t h e c i t i z e n s . " On t h i s b a s i s permanent methods f o r d e m o c r a t i c , f r e e and c o - o p e r a t i v e l i v i n g have t o be worked o u t . A g e n c i e s w h i c h b r i n g people t o g e t h e r , which recognize t h a t the w e l f a r e o f the  whole i s dependent on t h e i n t e g r a t i o n o f i t s s o c i a l  have t o be c r e a t e d .  units,  At p r e s e n t o u r s o c i e t y i s h i g h l y s p e c i a l -  i z e d , and t h e r e a r e many o r g a n i z a t i o n s i n each community w h i c h are  concerned w i t h a p a r t i c u l a r i n t e r e s t or s u b j e c t .  There i s  need f o r t h e s e t o be i n t e g r a t e d , so t h a t problems and needs common t o a l l may be d e a l t w i t h . A community has been d e s c r i b e d as a group o f p e o p l e l i v i n g near t o one a n o t h e r who, because t h e y have d e v e l o p e d a sense o f u n i t y , a r e o a r r y i n g on c e r t a i n a c t i v i t i e s  together.  Suoh a sense o f u n i t y i s demonstrated i n t i m e s o f p h y s i c a l o r emotional s t r e s s .  When i t i s a c t i v e , t h e r e i s p a r t i c i p a t i o n ,  c o - o p e r a t i o n and c o n c e r n f o r t h e w e l f a r e o f t h e community b y i t s members.  R e c o g n i t i o n t h a t such p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n community  l i f e b r i n g s s a t i s f a c t i o n t o t h e i n d i v i d u a l s c o n c e r n e d , and h a s t e n s t h e s o l v i n g o f problems and t h e -meeting o f needs, has 1.  H a r o l d I i a s k l , R e f l e c t i o n s " on"the R e v o l u t i o n o f Our Times V i k i n g P r e s s , II.Y. l y A ^ . p . 408  made many communities a n x i o u s t h a t o r g a n i z a t i o n s and f a c i l i t i e s he o r e a t e d t h a t w i l l f o s t e r t h e sense o f u n i t y on a permanent basis. The Development o f O r g a n i z a t i o n s Many new a g e n c i e s have been o r e a t e d and many o l d e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s have adapted t h e i r f a c i l i t i e s t o meet t h e need for recreation.  The governments o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , Great  B r i t a i n and Canada have o r e a t e d a g e n c i e s t o meet them. I n t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s p u b l i c r e c r e a t i o n h a s developed a t a l l t h r e e l e v e l s o f government. and m a i n t a i n s  The F e d e r a l Government h a s e s t a b l i s h e d  suoh a g e n c i e s as the N a t i o n a l P a r k s S e r v i c e , t h e 0  U.S. F o r e s t S e r v i c e and f r o m 1933 t o 9 3 9 , t h r o u g h t h e L e i s u r e 1  Time D i v i s i o n o f t h e Works Program A d m i n i s t r a t i o n , gave r e o r e a t i o n a l l e a d e r s h i p on a n a t i o n a l l e v e l * S t a t e s have been concerned w i t h t h e development o f p a r k s and p l a y g r o u n d s .  Departments o f e d u c a t i o n and a g r i c u l -  t u r e have g i v e n l e a d e r s h i p i n r u r a l areas and have sponsored r e c r e a t i o n a l and e d u c a t i o n a l p r o j e c t s ,  a t the municipal  level,  p a r k , r e c r e a t i o n and s c h o o l d e p a r t m e n t s , l i b r a r i e s , museums and a r t g a l l e r i e s p r o v i d e r e c r e a t i o n a l programs o f d i v e r s e sorts. I n Canada and Great B r i t a i n s i m i l a r s e r v i c e s a r e operated.  I n B r i t a i n the National P h y s i c a l Education  l o t o f 1944  requires l o c a l school a u t h o r i t i e s t o provide p h y s i c a l programs t o supplement t h e s c h o o l programs, p r o v i d e s  education financial  a s s i s t a n c e f o r y o u t h s e r v i c e programs and f o r v o l u n t a r y  organizations*  I n Canada, t h e . F e d e r a l  t o i t s N a t i o n a l P a r k s S e r v i c e , has  Government, i n a d d i t i o n  e s t a b l i s h e d suoh a g e n c i e s  as t h e N a t i o n a l Fifcm B o a r d , the N a t i o n a l Museum and ery.  A system o f g r a n t s was  established to a s s i s t p r o v i n c i a l  governments i n p r o v i d i n g p h y s i c a l r e c r e a t i o n * o f t h i s has  Art G a l l -  The  development  depended on t h e i n i t i a t i v e o f t h e p r o v i n c i a l g o v e r n -  ments i n t a k i n g advantage of the scheme*  The  f e d e r a l govern-  ment has a l s o o f f e r e d g r a n t s t o a s s i s t p r o v i n c i a l schemes d e s i g n e d as y o u t h t r a i n i n g p r o j e c t s * d u r i n g t h e war,  These were  discontinued  but have s i n c e been resumed and  are.planned  p r o v i n c i a l a g e n o i e s t o g i v e r u r a l y o u t h e d u c a t i o n a l and  by  recre-  a t i o n a l s k i l l s , w h i c h o a n be used t o advantage i n t h e i r l o c a l Q  communities* P r i v a t e a g e n c i e s were a c t i v e l o n g b e f o r e the p u b l i o a g e n c i e s and,  as t h e i r s e r v i c e s became p u b l i o c o n c e r n s , went  on t o p l a n ways of m e e t i n g o t h e r needs* ment was  The  a c t i v e i n a l l t h r e e c o u n t r i e s and  settlement  conducted  f u l e x p e r i m e n t s i n t h e f i e l d of c r e a t i v e r e c r e a t i o n * Y.W.C.i. and t h e Y.M.C.A. and  successThe  t h e Boy Scout and G i r l Guide  movements and many o t h e r s p l a n n e d ways o f m e e t i n g t h e t i o n a l needs o f y o u t h *  move-  recrea-  As r e c r e a t i o n a l s e r v i c e s became more  common and a v a i l a b l e , t h e s e a g e n o i e s began t o experiment i n the f i e l d of " o h a r a o t e r  education * 11  I t has been as a r e s u l t o f t h i s e x p e r i m e n t a t i o n methods f o r m e e t i n g the need f o r d e m o c r a t i c e x p r e s s i o n planning  on a community b a s i s , have been e v o l v e d *  that  and  I n a l l of  t h e t h r e e c o u n t r i e s , used as examples above, s e t t l e m e n t  '  houses,  6. e s t a b l i s h e d i n t h e h e a v i l y p o p u l a t e d areas o f l a r g e e x p e r i m e n t e d w i t h ways o f c r e a t i n g nighborhood  cities,  c e n t r e s , where  a oommunity s p i r i t c o u l d be e x p r e s s e d and where r e c r e a t i o n a l and e d u c a t i o n a l needs c o u l d be met.  I n Canada and t h e U n i t e d  S t a t e s Y.W.C.A.'s and Y.M.O.A.'s on a n a t i o n a l l e v e l r e c o g n i z e d the need and demand f o r community-centred  r e c r e a t i o n , and i n  communities, where t h e r e was a n e x p r e s s e d d e s i r e f o r i t , t h e y recommended d e o e n t r a l i z a t i o n t o t h e l o c a l a g e n c i e s .  Councils  o f S o c i a l A g e n c i e s , t h r o u g h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f group work s e c t i o n s , gave l e a d e r s h i p i n h e l p i n g b o t h p r i v a t e and p u b l i c agencies t o p l a n c o o p e r a t i v e l y .  I n Canada t h e Canadian  Social  W e l f a r e C o u n c i l began t o s e r v e a s a r e s o u r c e and p l a n n i n g a g ency on a n a t i o n a l l e v e l .  The A d u l t E d u c a t i o n A s s o c i a t i o n and  t h e Canadian C o u n c i l o f E d u c a t i o n f o r C i t i z e n s h i p , t h r o u g h t h e i r p u b l i c a t i o n s and c o n f e r e n c e s b o t h on a n a t i o n a l and a p r o v i n c i a l b a s i s , gave guidance and l e a d e r s h i p t o communities w i t h r e c r e a t i o n a l and e d u c a t i o n a l p r o b l e m s . I n England t h e p r i v a t e a g e n c i e s o r g a n i z e d t h e N a t i o n a l C o u n c i l o f S o c i a l A g e n c i e s i n 1919 f o r t h e purpose  of promoting  community a c t i v i t i e s o f a r e c r e a t i o n a l and s o c i a l n a t u r e .  By  1939 t h i s C o u n c i l was engaged a c t i v e l y i n p r o m o t i n g t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f oommunity c e n t r e s . aid  I n t h i s endeavour i t had t h e  o f both government and C a r n e g i e g r a n t s .  e r s h i p t h e r e developed centre.  Through i t s l e a d -  a w e l l rounded c o n c e p t i o n o f a community  T h i s c o n c e p t i o n p l a o e d t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e man-  agement o f the o e n t r e on the community, and t o s e r v e t h i s p u r pose oommunity a s s o c i a t i o n s d e v e l o p e d .  I n 1945 t h e Government  r e c o g n i z e d t h e p l a c e o f suoh c e n t r e s i n t h e s o c i a l l i f e o f commu n i t i e s and passed l e g i s l a t i o n s e t t i n g up a system o f g r a n t s t o f a c i l i t a t e t h e i r development, t o be a d m i n i s t e r e d b y t h e Board of E d u c a t i o n and t h e h o u s i n g  authorities*  - D e f i n i t e s t a n d a r d s were f o r m u l a t e d *  Financial res-  p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e maintenance o f t h e c e n t r e i s p l a c e d i n t h e hands o f t h e l o c a l a u t h o r i t y , on w h i c h t h e membership o f t h e c e n t r e i s r e p r e s e n t e d , w h i l e t h e management o f the, c e n t r e i s l e f t l a r g e l y t o t h o s e who u s e i t .  P r o f e s s i o n a l s t a f f i s de-  c l a r e d t o be e s s e n t i a l i f t h e c e n t r e i s t o become a permanent p a r t o f t h e community, and recommendations r e g a r d i n g t h e n a t u r e and  q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f t h i s s t a f f have been f o r m u l a t e d .  Recomm-  e n d a t i o n s a r e a l s o made r e g a r d i n g t h e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s e t t i n g up centres.  These emphasize t h e importance o f c o n s u l t a t i o n s and  j o i n t p l a n n i n g w i t h o t h e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s o f t h e oommunity, t h e need f o r s u r v e y i n g t h e a r e a t o be s e r v e d , t h e t y p e o f f a c i l i t i e s most p r a c t i c a l , methods o f f i n a n c i n g t h e c e n t r e , and t h e p l a c e o f youth groups i n a oommunity c e n t r e * She  C a n a d i a n and American Governments have a l s o ex-  perimented i n the f i e l d  of oommunity c e n t r e s *  I n Canada d e f -  i n i t e s t e p s were t a k e n t o encourage t h e i r development, through the establishment  o f Wartime H o u s i n g l i m i t e d .  This projeot  i n c l u d e d t h e appointment o f a n a t i o n a l d i r e c t o r and a s t a f f o f Community C o u n s e l l o r s who were concerned w i t h t h e development o f good t e n a n t r e l a t i o n s h i p s *  Community c e n t r e s were  as a p a r t o f t h e program i n many wartime h o u s i n g a r e a s *  developed I n the  United States during the depression era t h e National Housing  8.  A d m i n i s t r a t i o n e s t a b l i s h e d community c e n t r e s i n a number o f i t s housing p r o j e o t s . to experiment.  She Wartime H o u s i n g A d m i n i s t r a t i o n c o n t i n u e d  I n both c o u n t r i e s t h e s e programs were d i s c o n t i n -  ued a f t e r t h e war. Even more i m p o r t a n t i n t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s d u r i n g t h e war p e r i o d were t h e developments i n t h e f i e l d o f oommunity o r ganization.  Both on a n a t i o n a l s c a l e , t h r o u g h t h e e x p e r i e n c e s  o f t h e U n i t e d S e r v i c e s O r g a n i z a t i o n , and l o c a l l y , u n d e r t h e l e a d e r s h i p o f t h e O f f i c e o f C i v i l i a n D e f e n c e , communities were drawn t o g e t h e r f o r t h e p u r p o s e s o f defence  and t h e m o b i l i z a t i o n  o f r e s o u r c e s t o meet m a t e r i a l and r e c r e a t i o n a l needs.  However,  i n c o n t r a s t t o E n g l a n d , where t h e s e developments and p l a n s r e s u l t e d i n permanent l e g i s l a t i o n  f o r t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f oommun-  i t y c e n t r e s and f o r t h e encouragement o f oommunity o r g a n i z a t i o n , i n Canada and t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s t h e y were emergency measures and no permanent s t r u c t u r e has been c r e a t e d a t t h e n a t i o n a l level.  Chapter Two - C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s D e f i n i t i o n and  Objectives  i s a r e s u l t o f these experiments the conception  has  emerged t h a t a oommunity c e n t r e i s a means of m e e t i n g t h e r e c r e a t i o n a l needs o f a community and i s an organ t h r o u g h which a -oommunity c a n g a i n u n i t y and d e m o c r a t i c e x p r e s s i o n .  The  B r i t i s h M i n i s t r y o f E d u c a t i o n have adopted t h e c o n c e p t i o n o l v e d by t h e n a t i o n a l C o u n c i l o f S o c i a l S e r v i c e .  ev-  The Commun-  1 i t y Centres  " e x i s t so t h a t n e i g h b o r s c a n come t o g e t h e r  equal f o o t i n g t o e n j o y s o c i a l , r e c r e a t i v e and e d u c a t i o n a l  on an opp-  o r t u n i t i e s e i t h e r as members o f groups f o l l o w i n g p a r t i c u l a r h a b i t s and p u r s u i t s or on t h e b a s i s o f t h e i r common needs and i n t e r e s t s as human b e i n g s i n t h e same l o c a l i t y . "  T h e i r aim i s  d e f i n e d as "the f o s t e r i n g of a sense o f community t h r o u g h t h e s e r v i c e o f t h e s o c i a l and c u l t u r a l needs of a neighborhood* . S t e i n e r , an American a u t h o r i t y , d e f i n e s a community 2 1  c e n t r e as  "a p l a c e where p e o p l e l i v i n g nearby c a n come t o g e -  t h e r t o p a r t i c i p a t e i n s o c i a l , r e c r e a t i o n a l and c u l t u r a l  acti-  v i t i e s and b u i l d up a d e m o c r a t i c o r g a n i z a t i o n t h a t w i l l m i n i s t e r t o t h e needs o f t h e community"•  I f t h e s e two d e f i n i t i o n s a r e  combined t h e f u n c t i o n of a oommunity c e n t r e f o r t h e purpose o f t h i s s t u d y may be d e f i n e d a s :  1.  H.M.  2.  p. 6 J e s s e S t e i n e r "Oommunity C e n t r e s " E n c y c l o p a e d i a o f S o c i a l Sciences. E d i t e d oy jji.tt.A. s e i i g m a n , The M a c M i l l a n Co., New Y o r k , 193l» V o l . 4 . P. 105.  S t a t i o n e r y O f f i c e , London "Oommunity C e n t r e s "  (1945)  10,  1.  To p r o v i d e a p l a o e where n e i g h b o r s oan come t o g e t h e r on an e q u a l f o o t i n g t o p a r t i c i p a t e i n s o c i a l , r e c r e a t i o n a l and c u l t u r a l  2.  activities.  To f o s t e r a sense o f oommunity by t h e c r e a t i o n o f a democ r a t i c o r g a n i z a t i o n through w h i c h t h e s o c i a l and c u l t u r a l needs o f a community oan be met.  3«  To s t i m u l a t e i n t e r e s t i n and t o p r o v i d e f a c i l i t i e s f o r t h e wise and e n j o y a b l e use o f l e i s u r e . There oan be no b l u e p r i n t o r s e t o f r u l e s  through  w h i c h a community c e n t r e c a n r e a c h t h e s e o b j e c t i v e s , f o r a cent r e t a k e s form and c h a r a c t e r f r o m t h e oommunity i t s e r v e s . Howe v e r , t h e r e a r e c e r t a i n p r i n c i p l e s o r elements w h i c h must be p r e s e n t o r i t w i l l f a i l i n i t s o b j e c t i v e s and become j u s t another o r g a n i z a t i o n s e r v i n g a s e l e c t group o f p e o p l e . Joint Planning P l a n n i n g f o r a oommunity c e n t r e must be done on a oo-operative basis i n c o n s u l t a t i o n with t h e other organizat i o n s o f a community.  By t h i s method r e a l knowledge o f t h e  needs o f t h e community and o f t h e f a o i l i t i e s a l r e a d y i n e x i s t 1  enoe-for m e e t i n g them c a n be o b t a i n e d .  " I n our complex s o c i -  e t y where t h e v e r y s p i r i t o f d e m o c r a t i c freedom i n thought and a o t i o n n a t u r a l l y l e a d s t o t h e development o f many s p e c i a l i z e d programs, i t i s r e c o g n i z e d t h a t an o v e r a l l p o i n t o f v i e w i s n e c e s s a r y i n p l a n n i n g f o r t h e t o t a l program o f community services' , 1  1.  s i n c e human needs a r e c o n s t a n t l y changing and new  V i o l e t S i e d e r , O v e r a l l P l a n n i n g , Canadian W e l f a r e , Canadian W e l f a r e C o u n c i l , Ottawa, Canada, V o l . X X I I , Ho. 3 ( P . 3)  n .  ways o f m e e t i n g them a r e b e i n g e v o l v e d , i t i s n e c e s s a r y t h a t a oommunity c e n t r e be always r e l a t e d t o such a p l a n n i n g group o r council.  Such a n o r g a n i z a t i o n , made up o f r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s  of  t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n s and t h e e d u c a t i o n a l and s o c i a l agenoies o f a community, w i l l be a b l e t o work towards t h e c o - o r d i n a t i o n of s e r v i c e s and programs, t o e l i m i n a t e d u p l i c a t i o n , t o p u b l i c i z e t h e needs and r e s o u r c e s  o f t h e oommunity and t o d i s c u s s p r o b -  lems t h a t c o n c e r n a l l .  P l a n n i n g done by suoh groups h a s a l s o  the advantage o f g a i n i n g f r o m t h e p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e  o f those  who know t h e community i n a s p e c i a l i z e d way and i n t h a t l a r g e r 0  numbers i n t h e community w i l l have an u n d e r s t a n d i n g j e c t s and a c o n c e r n f o r t h e i r s u c c e s s .  o f new p r o -  Finally, participation  i n suoh a c o u n c i l and i t s p r o j e c t s w i l l enable members t o b e oome "oommunity minded" r a t h e r t h a n " o r g a n i z a t i o n minded", t o l e a r n t o p l a n on a o o - o p e r a t i v e  b a s i s r a t h e r t h a n on a c o m p e t i -  t i v e one and t o l e a r n t h a t t h e w e l f a r e o f each s e c t i o n o r p a r t o f t h e oommunity i s dependent on t h e w e l f a r e o f t h e t o t a l oommunity.  Building This p r i n c i p l e i s basio both i n the planning o f the oommunity c e n t r e b u i l d i n g s and i n t h e p l a n n i n g o f i t s program* I f p e o p l e a r e t o l i v e c o - o p e r a t i v e l y and d e m o c r a t i c a l l y t h e y must have f a c i l i t i e s o f e q u a l a c c e s s t o a l l f o r m e e t i n g t o g e t h e r , p l a n n i n g t o g e t h e r and d o i n g t o g e t h e r *  I t does n o t  f o l l o w , however, t h a t a new b u i l d i n g must be e r e c t e d i n e v e r y  12* community.  In many i f not a l l communities buildings exist whioh  could be adapted for t h i s purpose*  The wide use i n the United  States and i n B r i t a i n of school, buildings and the increasing opinion that these structures i f properly planned are i d e a l l y designed f o r community centre purposes, indicates that good planning may prevent the erection of extra b u i l d i n g s , while others go unoccupied during a large part of the day* planning involves the co-operation of a l l *  Such  A survey of the  oommunity should be conducted so that needs oan be determined and the potential use of e x i s t i n g f a c i l i t i e s studied*  Finally,  the l o c a t i o n of the oent re and i t s construction require speci a l i z e d knowledge and s p e c i a l i s t s should be consulted.  The Program The creation of program also requires joint  planning*  The program of a community oentre i s dependent on the needs of the members of the community and of the resources istence f o r meeting them* v i d i n g recreation*  already i n ex-  The oentre i s only one means of pro-  The home, the church, the school and v a r i -  ous kinds of organizations provide d i f f e r e n t experiences  for  various i n d i v i d u a l s * I t may well be that c e r t a i n needs oan be met  by the strengthening  of a program already functioning,  rather than by the creation o f a new one*  A oommunity reorea-  1  t l o n survey of Grand Junction, Ohio, 1*  includes c r i t e r i a f o r a  Oommunity Recreation Survey. Grand Junction, Ohio, Recreation Commission Inc. (1945) P. 5^  13. t o t a l recreation program and points out that suoh a program should: 1*. 2*  Provide equal opportunity  for a l l *  Provide a wide range of Individual ohoioes i n d i f f e r e n t types of a c t i v i t i e s *  3*  Continue throughout the year*  4*  Provide equally f o r tooth sexes*  5*  Serve a l l ages*  6*  Encourage family recreation*  7*  U t i l i z e f u l l y a l l existing f a c i l i t i e s .  8*  Include passive as well as active forms of recreation*  9*  Provide a c t i v i t i e s for d i f f e r e n t periods  of free time*  10**  Be r e l a t e d to other programs i n the c i t y *  11.  Carry over leisure-time s k i l l s and i n t e r e s t s developed i n the  school*  12*  Provide a c t i v i t i e s of a progressive  13*  Include a c t i v i t i e s that w i l l p e r s i s t at an adult l e v e l *  14*  Offer p o s s i b i l i t i e s for varying degrees of s k i l l s ,  nature*  aptitudes and capacities* 1^*  Encourage i n d i v i d u a l s and  groups to provide t h e i r  own  activities. l6.  Furnish outlets f o r the s a t i s f a c t i o n of the desire for sooial r e l a t i o n s h i p s *  17*  Recognize the d i f f e r e n t tastes and Interests of the individual*  18.  Give people who and i n c o n t r o l .  p a r t i c i p a t e a share i n the  planning  19*  Place r e c r e a t i o n a l opportunities w i t h i n the f i n a n c i a l a b i l i t i e s of a l l people*  20.  Make possible the wisest use of available funds*  21*  Provide outlets f o r creative expression.  22*  Assure safe and h e a l t h f u l conditions f o r creative activities.  23*  Afford opportunity f o r the development of good c i t izenship*  24.  Be based on the s p e o i f i e i n t e r e s t s and needs of the community*  25.  Be sensitive to changing conditions or needs* These c r i t e r i a should be an excellent measuring de-  v i c e f o r assessing the t o t a l recreation program of a oommunity* On the basis of i t s d e f i c i e n c i e s so shown, and the basis of the needs and desires of i t s membership a sound oommunity centre program could be created*  The Organization of the Membership The structure of a oommunity oentre must be based on i t s objectives*  I f these are the ones enumerated above there  must be channels created, through which the needs and interests of members oan be expressed*  I f the members are enoouraged and  given the opportunity of planning ways of meeting these needs there w i l l be more enthusiastic p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n the program that r e s u l t s * levels*  This planning must necessarily go on at various  Councils or Committees, representative of age groups  15. • and  s p e c i a l i n t e r e s t s , p r o b l e m - c e n t r e d groups r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f  the groups concerned, and a group r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e membership must be c r e a t e d .  total  Through suoh c h a n n e l s members  share - r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i n t h e o r e a t i o n of t h e p o l i c y , t h e program and i n t h e management o f t h e c e n t r e *  Organized  along  t h e s e l i n e s and r e l a t e d t o o t h e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s i n t h e communi t y , t h e c e n t r e c a n become a n agency t h r o u g h whioh i t s members oan become an a c t i v e f o r c e f o r t h e w e l f a r e o f t h e i r community. 1  "The  sueoess o f a democracy, on t h e o t h e r hand, r e s t s  upon t h e i n d i v i d u a l ' s c a p a c i t y f o r s e l f - d e t e r m i n a t i o n and v o l u n t a r y group l i f e *  Democracy i s a r e l a t i o n s h i p i n whioh o n l y  developed a d u l t s oan p a r t i c i p a t e f u l l y .  A democracy, i n any  c o u n t r y , t h e r e f o r e i s p o s s i b l e o n l y t o t h e degree t h a t t h e maturity o f i t s e i t i z e n s h i p permits. ambitions, self-eentredness, — —  C h i l d i s h dependence,  make e o - o p e r a t i v e  and group i n t e g r a t i o n w e l l n i g h i m p o s s i b l e *  effort  Accordingly  educa-  t i o n i n a d e m o c r a o t i c p l a n o f l i f e h a s two major f u n c t i o n s t o perform.  I n t h e f i r s t p l a c e , i t must d i r e c t t h e o r d e r l y and  wholesome development o f t h e human p e r s o n a l i t y .  I t s second  major d u t y i s t o d e v e l o p t h o s e d i s p o s i t i o n s o f man's  nature  t h a t make h i m d e s i r o u s and eapable o f p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n a p r o g r e s s i v e and e v o l v i n g s o c i e t y .  n  Such a purpose i s c l o s e l y r e l a t e d t o t h o s e o f a oommu n i t y c e n t r e , and t h e development o f a community o e n t r e i s 1*  S . R . S l a v s o n , " C r e a t i v e Croup E d u c a t i o n " , A s s o c i a t i o n P r e s s  H.Y. (1937) 2*6.  16. dependent on t h i s k i n d o f c i t i z e n s h i p * Thus t h e two a r e i n t e r dependent, f o r t h e community c e n t r e i s a n a t u r a l for  t h i s kind o f education;  environment  provided the s t r u c t u r e outlined  above i s p r e s e n t t o p r o v i d e d e m o o r a t i c e x p e r i e n c e s f o r  the  p a r t i c i p a n t s and p r o v i d e d t h e r e i s l e a d e r s h i p r e q u i r e d t o make these experiences meaningful* P s y c h o l o g i s t s , p s y c h i a t r i s t s and e d u c a t o r s have e s t a b l i s h e d c e r t a i n f a c t s about t h e growth o f i n d i v i d u a l s * From i n f a n c y t o d e a t h e v e r y p e r s o n i s a member o f g r o u p s , and h i s a b i l i t y t o l i v e e f f e c t i v e l y depends on h i s a b i l i t y t o l i v e , work and p l a y i n d i v e r s e groups* groups*  Individuals learn  through  The c l o s e s t and most i n t i m a t e a s s o c i a t e s w i t h whom  a p e r s o n h a s acceptance and s t a t u s a r e t h e most p o w e r f u l i n f l u e n c e s i n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n o f h i s a t t i t u d e s and p a t t e r n s o f behaviour*  Thus o o - o p e r a t i v e b e h a v i o u r i s l e a r n e d t h r o u g h  group e x p e r i e n c e , f o r a group w h i c h h a s a f e e l i n g o f u n i t y , o f b e l o n g i n g f o r eaoh member, g i v e s s e c u r i t y t o i t s members, s o t h a t eaoh i s f r e e t o r e c o g n i z e t h e importance  of contributions  made b y t h e o t h e r s and i s s t i m u l a t e d t o make h i s own c o n t r i b u tion*  The p r i n c i p l e o f s o c i a l c o n t r o l i s l e a r n e d when f i n a l  d e c i s i o n s a r e t h e w i s h o f t h e m a j o r i t y and t h r o u g h t h e p r o c e s s of c a r r y i n g them out t h e i n d i v i d u a l l e a r n s t o be r e s p o n s i b l e f o r h i s share o f t h e a c t i v i t i e s * Many p r i v a t e agenoies a r e r e n d e r i n g v a l u a b l e s e r v i c e by t h e p r o m o t i o n o f v o l u n t a r y f r i e n d s h i p groups f o r young people*  These i n c l u d e such agenoies as t h e Y.w.C.A*, Y.M.C.A.,  S c o u t s , Guides*  Y e t , as t h e s t a t i s t i c s  i n chapter four  1  7-  i n d i c a t e , they are able to serve only a small p r o p o r t i o n of the p o p u l a t i o n . i t y centre. value:  Such groups s h o u l d a l s o be p a r t of a oommun-  Then t h e members have e x p e r i e n c e s  o f even g r e a t e r  t h e y not o n l y p a r t i c i p a t e i n s m a l l groups o f f r i e n d s  or o f people o f l i k e i n t e r e s t s , t h e y a s s o c i a t e w i t h p e o p l e o f i n t e r e s t s d i f f e r e n t f r o m t h e i r own r e l a t i o n s h i p s between g r o u p s .  and t h e y a l s o l e a r n of t h e  They l e a r n o f t h e need of o t h e r s ,  o f common needs, and t h a t t h r o u g h c o - o p e r a t i v e p l a n n i n g democratic  and  a o t i o n communities oan meet many of t h e i r own  needs.  The Importance o f V o l u n t e e r s A democraey needs l e a d e r s h i p . has a d e m o c r a t i c  I f a oommunity c e n t r e  s t r u c t u r e , t h e r e w i l l be o p p o r t u n i t i e s f o r  n a t u r a l leaders t o develop.  I n a d d i t i o n , o p p o r t u n i t i e s should  be p r o v i d e d f o r c i t i z e n s t o g i v e of t h e i r e x p e r i e n c e to  others.  and  skills  There a r e many people i n every oommunity who  knowledge and u n d e r s t a n d i n g ,  from which o t h e r s , e s p e c i a l l y  younger p e o p l e , would b e n e f i t . i n c o n t r i b u t i n g i n t h i s way  have  Many rfould f i n d  satisfaction  toward the w e l f a r e of o t h e r s .  The  oommunity c e n t r e which a t t r a c t s l a r g e numbers s h o u l d seek t o d i s c o v e r i n d i v i d u a l s who  have s k i l l and u n d e r s t a n d i n g .  It  s h o u l d p r o v i d e t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n , t h r o u g h w h i c h t h e y oan a o r i t d * hufee t o t h e oommunity and g a i n s a t i s f a c t i o n i n d o i n g s o , as l e a d e r s , a d v i s o r s , committee members, and as a s s i s t a n t s i n t h e office*  Suoh v o l u n t e e r s w i l l i n c r e a s e t h e a c t i v i t i e s and  grams t h a t the o e n t r e oan  offer*  pro-  18 .Chapter Three - L e a d e r s h i p I n a Community Oentre  Type o f L e a d e r s h i p The t e r m l e a d e r s h i p i s w i d e l y used and i t h a s v a r i o u s connotations*  Members o f a d e m o c r a t i c s o c i e t y s e l e c t t h e i r own  l e a d e r s and as a p a r t o f t h i s s o c i e t y members o f a oommunity c e n t r e s h o u l d s e l e c t t h e i r l e a d e r s on a d e m o c r a t i c b a s i s *  Both  t h e members o f t h e o e n t r e and t h e l e a d e r s s e l e c t e d by them seek to serve t h e o b j e c t i v e s o f the oentre.  I n o r d e r t h a t t h e y may  do s o a s t r u c t u r e must be d e v e l o p e d t h r o u g h w h i c h t h e y oan function*  This i s a task f o r s k i l l e d professional leadership* The e s s e n t i a l elements o f community c e n t r e s a r e  n e i t h e r t h e b u i l d i n g s o r t h e program, f o r t h e s e a r e t h e r e s u l t s ; r a t h e r they are processes i n v o l v i n g s o o i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s *  Mem-  b e r s a r e r e l a t e d t o g r o u p s , groups t o one a n o t h e r , t o t h e whole and t h e whole t o t h e oommunity.  A s t r u c t u r e p r o v i d e s t h e means  t h r o u g h which such r e l a t i o n s h i p s can be formed and i t i s t h r o u g h them t h a t o b j e c t i v e s a r e s e t *  The development o f t h i s  p r o c e s s i s n e i t h e r o b v i o u s n o r r a p i d , r a t h e r i t i s a l o n g range 1 .  p r o c e s s , c o n s t a n t l y c h a n g i n g and w i t h many i m p l i c a t i o n s * l e a d e r o f a d e m o c r a t i c s o c i e t y must be thought  "The  o f as a g u i d e ,  not as a d i c t a t o r o f t h e t h o u g h t s and a c t s o f i n d i v i d u a l s • " The r e l a t i o n s h i p s and p r o c e s s e s i n a community c e n t r e r e q u i r e  1*  B a x t e r & G a s s i d y Group E x p e r i e n c e , The D e m o c r a t i c Harper & B r o t h e r s , A.X. iy43. J"~-  Way, "  19. t h i s k i n d o f l e a d e r s h i p i f t h e y a r e t o have d i r e c t i o n There must he p e o p l e w i t h an u n d e r s t a n d i n g  and v a l u e .  o f the f u n c t i o n of a  community c e n t r e , and t h e s k i l l s w h i c h w i l l enable i t t o d e v e l op, who a r e a b l e t o devote a l l t h e i r e n e r g i e s t o t h e t a s k . experiences  The  o f r e c r e a t i o n a l and p r i v a t e a g e n c i e s g i v e d e f i n i t e  i n d i o a t i o n s o f the k i n d o f s k i l l s n e c e s s a r y f o r l e a d e r s h i p I n t h e development o f a d e m o c r a t i c o r g a n i z a t i o n .  Knowledge o f Community  Life  I f t h e oommunity o e n t r e i s t o be a f u n c t i o n i n g p a r t o f s o c i e t y i t s l e a d e r s must have knowledge o f the s o c i a l and economic s t r u c t u r e o f s o c i e t y .  The f o r c e s whioh a r e l a b e l l e d  " w o r l d f o r c e s " seem, remote f r o m everyday l i v i n g b u t i n r e a l i t y t h e y a r e t h e ones t h a t c r e a t e t h e c o n d i t i o n s u n d e r whioh t h e oommunity o p e r a t e s *  World economic and s o c i a l c o n d i t i o n s a f f -  e c t t h e needs o f t h e t o t a l p o p u l a t i o n *  The war c r e a t e d c e r t a i n  needs, t h e d e p r e s s i o n p e r i o d c r e a t e d d i f f e r e n t ones and: t h e p o s t war p e r i o d has p r o d u c e d i t s own v a r i e t y *  I f a leader i s ,  t o a c t a s a guide f o r a oommunity s e e k i n g t o o r g a n i z e t o meet i t s r e c r e a t i o n a l and s o c i a l needs he must have some u n d e r s t a n d ing  o f t h e f o r c e s t h a t produce t h e s e needs. Knowledge o f t h e oommunity and t h e s k i l l o f knowing  how t o a c q u i r e t h i s knowledge i s n e c e s s a r y .  The l e a d e r o r  l e a d e r s o f a community o e n t r e need t o know t h e r e s o u r c e s ' a v a i l a b l e t o t h e oommunity*  i n or  I t i s n e c e s s a r y t o know t h e c o n d i -  t i o n s i n t h e oommunity t h a t c r e a t e c e r t a i n needs and i n t e r e s t s ,  20.  for recreation community.  needs a r e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c o f t h e n a t u r e o f a  Programs needed i n i n d u s t r i a l a r e a s a r e d i f f e r e n t  f r o m those needed i n r u r a l a r e a s .  Natural resources, climate,  t e r r a i n , a r e f a c t o r s w h i c h a f f e c t t h e heeds o f p e o p l e , w h i l e suoh f a c t o r s a s t r a d i t i o n and custom w i l l a l s o have t h e i r effect.  Understanding  o f Human Needs and B e h a v i o u r  Oommunity c e n t r e s a r e concerned w i t h human b e i n g s .  The u n d e r s t a n d i n g  w i t h communities and  o f human b e h a v i o u r h a s  become a s c i e n c e and t h e r e i s knowledge w h i c h enables l e a d e r s t o a n a l y s e s c i e n t i f i c a l l y human b e h a v i o u r , needs and s o c i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s so t h a t t h e s e o a n be guided i n t o a r e a s and a c t i v i t i e s w h i c h a l l o w t h e i n d i v i d u a l s concerned  t o make t h e i r c o n t r i -  b u t i o n and t o g a i n s a t i s f a c t i o n i n d o i n g s o .  Such knowledge  s h o u l d b e a p a r t o f t h e r e s o u r c e s a l e a d e r i n a community c e n t r e possesses. The w e l f a r e o f a oommunity c e n t r e i s dependent on t h e i n d i v i d u a l members w h i c h i t s e r v e s .  The l e a d e r s must r e o o g n i z e  t h e w o r t h o f eaoh o f t h e s e i n d i v i d u a l s .  He must have u n d e r s t a -  n d i n g o f t h e e x p e r i e n c e s w h i c h make f o r t h e g r o w t h o f a n i n d i v i d u a l and o o n f i d e n o e  i n h i s a b i l i t y t o grow.  Suoh growth I s  dependent l a r g e l y on s a t i s f a c t o r y group e x p e r i e n c e s .  The r o l e  of t h e l e a d e r i n a group i s a s k i l l f u l one and t h e development and d i r e c t i o n o f t h e group and t h e i n d i v i d u a l s i n i t a r e a r e s u l t o f t h e l e a d e r ' s knowledge and s k i l l i n assuming t h e p r o p e r  21. r o l e at the r i g h t time.  A oommunity o e n t r e i s made up o f i n d i -  v i d u a l s i n groups and i t i s i m p o r t a n t t h a t t h e l e a d e r s know t h e p r i n c i p l e s and methods o f work w i t h i n d i v i d u a l s and o f group l e a d e r s h i p and t h a t t h e y have s k i l l i n t h e a p p l i c a t i o n of t h e s e p r i n c i p l e s and methods.  Knowledge o f R e c r e a t i o n One o f t h e o b j e c t i v e s o f a community o e n t r e i s t h a t it  s e r v e t h e r e c r e a t i o n a l needs o f i t s members.  The l e a d e r s ,  t h e r e f o r e , must have an u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t h e way t h e s e a r e exp r e s s e d and t h e y r e q u i r e knowledge o f and s k i l l i n the  activi-  t i e s whioh w i l l s e r v e them and t h e i n t e r e s t s o f t h e members* I n t e r e s t and enthusiasm must he aroused and .they must he maintained. The i n t e r e s t i n g of t h e many d i f f e r e n t s e c t i o n s o f a oommunity i n t h e development and o r g a n i z a t i o n o f a o e n t r e and i n i t s program r e q u i r e s b o t h s k i l l i n t h e a r t s o f p u b l i c i t y and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f p e o p l e and t h e i r needs.  The maintenance o f  t h i s i n t e r e s t , once a r o u s e d , i s dependent on t h e l e a d e r ' s a b i l i t y t o make t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n m e a n i n g f u l t o t h o s e who a t t e n d i t s programs.  Knowledge o f t h e a o t o f S u p e r v i s i o n E v e r y l e a d e r s h o u l d have some r e c r e a t i v e s k i l l s but no one p e r s o n can have a l l o f them.  Many programs i n a comm-  unity centre require s p e c i a l i s t s with special s k i l l s .  For  22. t h e s e j o b s p a r t time workers  or v o l u n t e e r s oan he used and i n  e v e r y oommunity t h e r e a r e p e o p l e who would f i n d in  satisfaction  c o n t r i b u t i n g t h e i r s k i l l and knowledge t o t h e w e l f a r e o f  others.  V o l u n t e e r s are e s p e c i a l l y i m p o r t a n t i n a oommunity  oentre.  They can s e r v e i n many d i f f e r e n t c a p a c i t i e s .  The  i l i t y o f t h e l e a d e r i n a community o e n t r e t o use t h e i r  ab-  services  e f f i c i e n t l y and i n such a way t h a t t h e v o l u n t e e r s w i l l g a i n s a t i s f a c t i o n t h r o u g h new e x p e r i e n c e s , t h e development of more s o c i a l u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f and c o n f i d e n c e i n the w o r t h o f t h e i r c o n t r i b u t i o n and i n t h e knowing o f t h e i r oommunity i s i m p o r t ant. in  Suoh a b i l i t y l i e s i n t h e a c q u i r i n g o f s k i l l and knowledge  the a r t o f s u p e r v i s i o n and l e a d e r s i f t h e y a r e t o have s a t -  i s f a c t o r y and u s e f u l r e l a t i o n s h i p s both w i t h p a i d s t a f f and volunteers w i l l require i t .  Knowledge o f A d m i n i s t r a t i o n f i n a l l y , t h e oommunity c e n t r e must have an administration.  effioient  There must be ways o f o b t a i n i n g money f o r t h e  r u n n i n g o f the c e n t r e and budgets must be c o m p i l e d f o r the spending o f i t . T h i s i n v o l v e s good b u s i n e s s p r a c t i c e s , sound p l a n n i n g and an e f f i c i e n t o f f i c e s t a f f .  I n a community c e n t r e  t h e development of t h e s e a r e i n v o l v e d , f o r b o a r d , s t a f f and membership are concerned.  I f t h e s e elements a r e not p r e s e n t  the program and a c t i v i t i e s o f the o e n t r e w i l l be hampered and f r u s t r a t e d by t h e l a c k o f a good f o u n d a t i o n on which t h e y can operate.  The l e a d e r s h i p t h e n must have u n d e r s t a n d i n g and  23. knowledge of t h e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e p r o c e s s e s i n v o l v e d i n t h e opment and  The  devel-  operation of a centre.  T r a i n i n g of L e a d e r s There are q u a l i t i e s and p o t e n t i a l i t i e s f o r l e a d e r s h i p  i n a l l p e o p l e and t h e r e i s no doubt t h a t v a r i o u s members of a community would have some p r o p o r t i o n of t h e s k i l l s o u t l i n e d . There i s l i t t l e l i k e l i h o o d of p e o p l e p o s s e s s i n g  a l l o f them f o r  they require s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g . The demand f o r l e a d e r s h i p w i t h t h e s e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s has r e s u l t e d i n the development of s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g Short term courses to introduoe  courses.  s t a f f a l r e a d y employed t o  new  s k i l l s are sponsored by C o u n c i l o f S o c i a l A g e n c i e s , P u b l i c R e c r e a t i o n Department, N a t i o n a l A g e n c i e s and U n i v e r s i t y s i o n Departments and a r e a v a i l a b l e t o a l l .  Exten-  These have been  d e s i g n e d t o meet immediate and p r e s s i n g needs f o r l e a d e r s h i p . More i m p o r t a n t  f r o m t h e l o n g range p o i n t of v i e w i s t h e  devel-  opment o f U n i v e r s i t y Departments and Graduate S c h o o l s concerned w i t h the t e a c h i n g of the knowledge and  s k i l l s o u t l i n e d above*  I n t h e s e s c h o o l s graduate s t u d e n t s w i t h B a c h e l o r degrees and who field  of Arts  d e s i r e t o g i v e demooratio l e a d e r s h i p i n the  o f r e c r e a t i o n and s o c i a l w e l f a r e are a s s u r e d  of the  o p p o r t u n i t y of o b t a i n i n g t h e n e c e s s a r y knowledge and Actual experience  i s provided  i n group l e a d e r s h i p and  p a r t i c i p a t i o n u n d e r o l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n so t h a t s t u d e n t s i n s i g h t i n t o t h e i r own  s t r e n g t h s and weaknesses.  skill. community oan  I f the  gain  n e c e s s i t y f o r such t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e i s r e c o g n i z e d by communities and t h e s e t r a i n e d l e a d e r s a r e g i v e n o p p o r t u n i t i e s t o make t h e i r c o n t r i b u t i o n , t h e oommunity o e n t r e movement s h o u l d g a i n s t r e n g t h and permanence.  Part II -  B r i t i s h Oolumhia  25. Chapter  flour  - R e c r e a t i o n a l and L e i s u r e Time Services,  Department o f P r o v i n c i a l R e c r e a t i o n and P h y s i c a l E d u c a t i o n There a r e numerous r e c r e a t i o n a l a g e n c i e s w h i c h a r e a c t i v e i n B r i t i s h Columbia.  Most a r e p r i v a t e a g e n c i e s w h i c h  f u n c t i o n wherever i n t e r e s t and c o n v i c t i o n i n t h e i r p u r p o s e w a r r a n t them.  P u b l i o r e c r e a t i o n on a p r o v i n c i a l b a s i s i s o r -  g a n i z e d under t h e R e c r e a t i o n a l and P h y s i c a l E d u c a t i o n B r a n c h o f t h e Department o f E d u c a t i o n .  The h i s t o r y o f t h i s o r g a n i z a -  . 1 t i o n d a t e s back t o  1934*  I n  1947  i t s services included lead-  e r s h i p t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s , a d v i c e and d i r e c t i o n on oommunity r e c r e a t i o n , p u b l i o r e c r e a t i o n c l a s s e s i n 202 c e n t r e s t h e p r o v i n c e w i t h an attendance  1947,  numbering  128,794  with other agencies.  a  n  d  throughout  f r o m A p r i l 1, 1946 t o March 3 1 ,  programs sponsored  i n co-operation  To t h i s Department, t o o , have come many  r e q u e s t s f o r a s s i s t a n c e w i t h t h e development o f oommunity cent r e s and as much h e l p as t h e budget would a l l o w has been g i v e n . C o n t r i b u t i o n s t o t h e s a l a r i e s o f t h e d i r e o t o r s o f e l e v e n oommu n i t y c e n t r e s have been made, a d v i c e and d i r e c t i o n have been g i v e n on t h e f o r m a t i o n o f community r e c r e a t i o n a l c o u n c i l s , b u i l d i n g s , maintenance and t h e s e l e c t i o n o f s t a f f .  The D e p a r t -  ment r e c o g n i z e s t h a t i t s f u n c t i o n i s t o s t r e n g t h e n t h e oommunity 1.  Annual R e p o r t , D i r e o t o r Department o f R e c r e a t i o n and P h y s i o a l Education.  26. centred, r e c r e a t i o n program ao t h a t a w e l l rounded r e c r e a t i o n a l program which, u s e s t h e " p r o r e c " s e r v i c e s , and adds o t h e r s on t h e b a s i s o f t h e i n t e r e s t s and needs o f t h e community, oan deve l o p on a permanent b a s i s .  Department o f U n i v e r s i t y E x t e n s i o n I n many communities and i n t h e development o f communi t y c e n t r e s t h e work o f t h e Department o f U n i v e r s i t y i s important.  In  1945*46  t h e a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e department were  used by o v e r 1200 o r g a n i z a t i o n s ince.  Extension  These s e r v i c e s i n c l u d e d  i n 3 5 ° communities i n t h e p r o v evening c l a s s e s i n Vancouver,  C l o v e r d a l e , Haney, L a n g l e y , N o r t h Vancouver, V i c t o r i a ; t h e supplying  o f m a t e r i a l and d i r e c t i o n s f o r s t u d y g r o u p s , C i t i z e n  Forum and Farm Forum r a d i o l i s t e n i n g g r o u p s , drama g r o u p s , t h e operation  o f an E x t e n s i o n L i b r a r y S e r v i c e , a phonograph r e c o r d  l o a n s e r v i c e and v i s u a l i n s t r u c t i o n s e r v i c e .  These s e r v i c e s  are b e i n g w i d e l y used as t h e s t a t i s t i c s f o r t h e y e a r show and oould be used t o g r e a t e r b e t t e r o r g a n i z e d t o use them.  1945-46  advantage i f communities were  U n i v e r s i t y E x t e n s i o n Dept. S t a t i s t i o a l Summary  (1945-46.)  O u t s i d e l e c t u r e s g i v e n by Members o f U n i v e r s i t y S t a f f Number Attendance  330  39,518  Evening Classes Number Attendance  26 1,709  I n s t i t u t e s , C o n f e r e n c e s , S h o r t Courses Number 6 Registration 600 Summer Courses Number Registration D i s c u s s i o n Croup  6 335  No. o f r e g i s t e r e d Croups a n d - I n d i v i d u a l s ,  271  Radio No. o f Farm Forum Croups and I n d i v i d u a l s , 50 Citizen n .n « » P o u l t r y Sohool o f the A i r . 163 Extension Library C i r c u l a t i o n Books 5,689 Plays 4,364 Phonograph Record Loan S e r v i c e No. o f R e g i s t e r e d Groups 115 Circulation 3,887 Drama No. o f R e g i s t e r e d Groups Visual Instruction Services Circulation: Motion P i c t u r e Films (reels) Sets of F i l m S l i d e s Sets of Lantern S l i d e s Attendance a t M o t i o n P i c t u r e Showings No. o f O r g a n i z a t i o n s u s i n g t h e s e r v i c e No. o f Towns and Communities i n whioh m a t e r i a l was used 1.  115  9,204 2,305  84  460,170  727  3°0  Annual R e p o r t , Dept. o f U n i v e r s i t y E x t e n s i o n , S e p t . 1, 1945 - August 31, 1946  28. She  B r i t i s h Columbia Community Centres A s s o c i a t i o n The  leadership 1946,  U n i v e r s i t y Extension  Department has a l s o  i n the development of Community C e n t r e s .  I n January,  as a r e s u l t of t h e i n c r e a s i n g number o f r e q u e s t s f o r i n -  formation  and  I n s t i t u t e was  a d v i c e on community o e n t r e s , a Community C e n t r e s sponsored j o i n t l y by the departments o f  and S o c i a l Work.  One  She  about  I n s t i t u t e devoted i t s a t t e n -  t i o n t o t h e b a s i c p r i n c i p l e s of community c e n t r e t h e i n t e r e s t and  Extension  hundred and t e n p e o p l e r e p r e s e n t i n g  t h i r t y communities a t t e n d e d .  and  given  organization  c o n c e r n of t h o s e a t t e n d i n g r e s u l t e d i n t h e  e l e c t i o n o f an i n t e r i m committee t o a s s i s t t h e s p o n s o r s o f I n s t i t u t e i n planning ence t o o k p l a c e Extension  a longer  i n June, and  summer c o n f e r e n c e .  Shis  the  confer-  i n a d d i t i o n t o t h e S o c i a l Work and  Department's l e a d e r s h i p was  g i v e n by the S e c r e t a r y  of  the Group Work D i v i s i o n o f t h e G r e a t e r V a n c o u v e r W e l f a r e Counc i l and  the F r o v i n o i a l D i r e c t o r o f P h y s i c a l E d u c a t i o n and  r e a t i o n Department o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a . ed an o p p o r t u n i t y and  f o r t h o s e who  She  Reo-  conference p r o v i d -  attended to gain p r a c t i c a l a i d  i n d i c a t e d the need of an o r g a n i z a t i o n which would e n a b l e  joint  c o n s u l t a t i o n and a c t i o n f o r t h o s e i n t e r e s t e d i n oommunity  centres.  As'a r e s u l t t h e B.C.  Community C e n t r e s - A s s o c i a t i o n  was  1 formed w i t h the s t a t e d o b j e c t i v e  "So promote the  and development of oommunity o e n t r e s and whose aim i s t o p r o v i d e 1.  " C o n s t i t u t i o n " , B.C.  other  establishment  organizations  l e i s u r e t i m e s e r v i c e s i n B.C.; Oommunity C e n t r e s A s s o c i a t i o n  to  29. oo-operate a t t h e l o c a l , p r o v i n c i a l and dominion l e v e l s w i t h other o r g a n i z a t i o n s h a v i n g s i m i l a r o b j e c t i v e s ; t o sponsor c o n f e r e n c e s , c o n v e n t i o n s o r i n s t i t u t e s and any o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s to a t t a i n these o b j e c t i v e s . "  N a t i o n a l F i l m Board S e r v i c e s There a r e o t h e r s e r v i c e s f o r t h e c o n s t r u c t i v e u s e o f . l e i s u r e t i m e a v a i l a b l e t o communities. o p e r a t e t h r o u g h many a r e a s .  Travelling libraries  The Department o f A g r i c u l t u r e p r o -  v i d e s l e a d e r s h i p i n t h e p r o m o t i o n o f o l u b s f o r young p e o p l e I n t e r e s t e d i n t h e v a r i o u s a s p e c t s o f f a r m i n g and t h e Department o f E d u c a t i o n o f f e r s a s s i s t a n c e f o r t h o s e who would e o n t i n u e w i t h t h e i r e d u c a t i o n . The N a t i o n a l F i l m Board S e r v i c e s , o p e r a t e d under t h e a u s p i c e s o f t h e Dominion Government a r e a v a i l a b l e t o communities and w i d e l y u s e d .  The s t a t i s t i c s f o r A p r i l ,  1947,  f o r B.C. l n d i o a t e t h e i n t e r e s t i n t h i s t y p e o f r e c r e a t i o n .  1  Audience Type  R u r a l Oommunity R u r a l Sohool Urban Community Urban S c h o o l Special Lab our and Mana geme nt industrial Trade U n i o n R e t a i l and W h o l e s a l e  1.  No. o f Shows  191 157 251 180 25 •5  113 4 3  Attendance  11.413" 17,121 15.811 . 21,652 1,108 189 4,458 258 285  N a t i o n a l F i l m Board; S t a t i s t l o a l B u l l e t i n , S t a t i s t i c s and Reoord D i v i s i o n s , Ottawa, A p r i l , i y 4 Y "  3°*. P r o v i n c i a l S e r v i c e s of P r i v a t e Agencies P r i v a t e a g e n c i e s have a l s o extended t h e i r s e r v i c e s t o many a r e a s throughout t h e p r o v i n c e *  Suoh o r g a n i z a t i o n s as t h e  Boy S c o u t s , G i r l G u i d e s , Y.W.C.a*, and t h e U n i t e d Churches have found t h a t t h e demands f o r t h e i r programs were s u f f i c i e n t l y widespread t o w a r r a n t t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f p r o v i n c i a l o f f i c e s so t h a t a s s i s t a n c e and l e a d e r s h i p can he g i v e n t o r u r a l areas• The s t a t i s t i c s w h i c h show t h e number o f p a r t i c i p a n t s i n t h e s e programs and t h e areas where t h e y a r e l o c a t e d  indicate  t h e i n t e r e s t i n and demand f o r them.  1 District  Boy S c o u t s Mo* o f Groups  T o t a l Membership October 5 1 1946 t  Burnaby Centre Okanagan Duncan-Cowlchan  6  339  4 11  136 334 110  langley  4 2  Nelson  8  279  New  2  62  N o r t h Okanagan  4  167  Powell River  4  180  3 12  201  Kamloops  Westminster  South  Okanagan  Trail-Rossland Upper Vancouver I s l a n d Tl  3  53  434 156  The Boy S c o u t s A s s o c i a t i o n , 194^ R e p o r t s , B r i t i s h Provincial Council  Columbia  31. District  (cont d)  T o t a l Membership  Ho* o f Groups  T  G r e a t e r Vancouver  62  Greater  28  3189 1142  42  1294  Victoria  T o t a l Groups n o t i n d i s t r i c t s  34  Lone S c o u t s  8110  195  Totals  G i r l Guides No. o f Groups  Dlstrlot  1. No. o f L e a d e r s  Membership  Vancouver Oentre  23  36  473  P o i n t Grey-  33  42  770  West Vancouver and  284  9  N o r t h Vancouver  21  387  6  11  109  31  41  .582  Saanioh  15  24  211  C e n t r a l Vancouver Island  13,  15  232  Cowiohan A r e a  13  23  292  S o u t h Okanagan  6  33  I84  N o r t h Okanagan  21  35  426  West E o o t e n a y  21  36  448  E a s t Eootenay  14  267  Caribou  14  23 22  U n a t t a c h e d Areas  24  40  515  Burnaby Lower F r a s e r V a l l e y Greater V i c t o r i a  area  295  S t a t i s t i c s s u p p l i e d by t h e P r o v i n c i a l O f f i c e o f t h e G i r l Guide A s s o c i a t i o n * O t h e r Guide groups a r e sponsored by t h e S a l v a t i o n Army, w h i c h a r e not l i s t e d h e r e .  32. U n i t e d Ohuroh Y o u t h Groups  Vancouver  Girls  Boys  30  3  2  Hew W e s t m i n s t e r and Burnaby  8  8  N o r t h Vancouver  4  2 1  West Vancouver L u l u I s l a n d and Richmond  3  1  Victoria  8  3  Vancouver I s l a n d  9  5  Skeena and H a z e l t o n a r e a  20  5  Zootenay  17  9  4  2  17  11  20  16  B r i t a n n i a Beaoh  1  1  P i o n e e r Mines  1  1  Powell River  1  Caribou Okanagan D i s t r i c t s S o u t h o f New Westminster  Westview  1 G i r l s * Hi-Y The Vancouver Y.W.C.A. s p o n s o r s groups t h r o u g h o u t t h e  o i t y and t h e s o u t h e r n s e c t i o n s o f t h e p r o v i n c e .  At the present  time groups a r e a c t i v e i n s c h o o l s i n t h e f o l l o w i n g d i s t r i c t s  —  K e r r i s d a l e , Grandview, West E n d , Dunbar, S o u t h V a n c o u v e r , S o u t h 1 S t a t i s t i c s s u p p l i e d b y P r o v i n c i a l O f f i c e s o f t h e U n i t e d Church  33. and N o r t h Barnaby, West and N o r t h V a n c o u v e r , New  Westminster,  S u r r e y , 01 o v e r d a l e , Maple R i d g e , O o q u i t l a m , O h i l l i w a c k and Nanaimo*  The V i c t o r i a Y.W.C.A* s p o n s o r s groups i n V i c t o r i a  and t h e s u r r o u n d i n g  area*  There i s no c o - o r d i n a t i n g agency f o r t h e s e p r o v i n o i a l organizations*  I n Vancouver t h r o u g h thei&noup Work S e c t i o n  of  t h e C o u n c i l of S o c i a l A g e n o i e s , r e o r e a t i o n a l agenoies do have o p p o r t u n i t y f o r j o i n t p l a n n i n g and the s e r v i c e s and  t h e r e i s i n f o r m a t i o n about  needs i n the v a r i o u s d i s t r i c t s *  C o u n c i l has been o r g a n i z e d  A  Reoreation  t o s e r v e as a c o - o r d i n a t i n g  p l a n n i n g agenoy f o r V i c t o r i a and  surrounding  districts*  i s no s i m i l a r group o p e r a t i n g on a p r o v i n c i a l b a s i s and  and There i t is  d i f f i c u l t f o r r u r a l communities t o o b t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n about j u s t what s e r v i c e s are* a v a i l a b l e t o them or f o r p r o v i n c i a l  or-  g a n i z a t i o n s t o d i s c o v e r where t h e a r e a s o f g r e a t e s t need a r e *  Community C e n t r e s There i s l i t t l e i n f o r m a t i o n a v a i l a b l e about Community C e n t r e s i n B r i t i s h Columbia*  There i s a Vancouver Community  A s s o c i a t i o n t o w h i c h many Community Oentre A s s o c i a t i o n members belong*  I t was  organized  i n 1934  t o promote and p l a n s p e c i a l  e v e n t s - i . e . , Vancouver's J u b i l e e *  More r e c e n t l y i t became  concerned about the Community C e n t r e developments i n v a r i o u s d i s t r i c t s and p r e s e n t e d f i n a n c i a l a s s i s t a n c e and  a b r i e f t o t h e Government a s k i n g f o r suggesting  a p l a n t h r o u g h w h i c h the  F e d e r a l , P r o v i n o i a l and M u n i c i p a l governments c o u l d  provide  34. f i n a n c i a l a s s i s t a n c e f o r the establishment Community  and o p e r a t i o n o f  Centres* The p r o v i n c i a l o r g a n i z a t i o n s a l s o r e p o r t i n c r e a s i n g  demands f o r i n f o r m a t i o n and a s s i s t a n c e i n the development o f Community C e n t r e s *  I n s o f a r as p o s s i b l e w i t h i n t h e e x i s t i n g  framework, e f f o r t s have been made t o meet t h e s e demands, but r e s u l t i n g developments a r e l a r g e l y unknown*  I n an e f f o r t t o  a s c e r t a i n what t h e y were, a q u e s t i o n n a i r e was s u b m i t t e d communities whioh had i n d i o a t e d t h e i r i n t e r e s t i n t h e  t o 110 "B.C.  1.  Community C e n t r e s A s s o c i a t i o n " .  The q u e s t i o n n a i r e  was de-  s i g n e d t o o b t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n about t h e communities, t h e r e c r e a t i o n a l programs e x i s t i n g a t t h e p r e s e n t  t i m e , t h e use o f  p r o v i n c i a l s e r v i c e s , f a c i l i t i e s , l e a d e r s h i p and organization.  Thirty-one  community  a r e a s s e n t i n i n f o r m a t i o n about  t h e i r communities, o t h e r s i n d i c a t e d t h e i r i n t e r e s t b u t i n a b i l i t y t o do s o . 1.  Copy a t t a c h e d .  Appendix P. 102  35Chapter' Five - Vancouver Vancouver i s Canada's t h i r d largest c i t y and i t i s  1 a r a p i d l y growing one*  In  1941  i t s population was  275,351.  I t has a wealth of natural recreational resources* In addition t o the Extension Department and the Prov i n c i a l Recreation Department, the services of which were outl i n e d i n the previous chapter, two o i v i o agencies, the Vancouver Parks Board and the Vancouver School Board, are concerned with the p r o v i s i o n of leisure-time a c t i v i t i e s . these agenoies have operated independently* i s developing an excellent parks system.  To date  The Parks Board  The School Board has  a night school program offering a wide choice i n hoth p r a o t i oal and c u l t u r a l subjects*  Recently a Cultural Arts Council  has been formed with a view to co-ordination of the a c t i v i t i e s of suoh agencies as the Art Gallery, the Public L i b r a r y Assoc i a t i o n , the Extension Department of the University of B r i t i s h Columbia and the Vancouver Symphony Society* There are t h i r t e e n private agenoies conducting l e i s ure-time a c t i v i t i e s i n Greater Vancouver through the f i n a n c i a l aid of the Community Chest*  These include the Boy Scouts, the "  G i r l Guides, Alexandra Neighborhood House, the Vancouver Boys' Olub Association, Gordon House, Y.M.C.A., Y.W.C.A., ^orth Shore Neighbourhood House, Alexandra Fresh A i r Camp, F i r s t United Fresh A i r Camp, the S a i l o r s ' Home, the Seamen's I n s t i t u t e and the North Shore Seamen's Institute* 1*  Dominion Bureau of S t a t i s t i c s and the Dept. of Trade and Commerce, Canada Year Book, Ottawa, 1945  36. Through the Group Work D i v i s i o n o f t h e W e l f a r e Counc i l , some s o c i a l p l a n n i n g and c o - o r d i n a t i o n i s done*  However,  t h e r e i s l i t t l e o o - o r d i n a t i o n o r j o i n t p l a n n i n g between the p u b l i c agencies, the Chest-supported  a g e n c i e s and t h e  indepen-  dent o r g a n i z a t i o n s * The needs o f the v a r i o u s a r e a s o f Vancouver and s e r v i c e s o f the C h e s t - s u p p o r t e d  a g e n c i e s were surveyed i n the  1  Horrie Report.  the  However, t h e s o c i a l a r e a s , upon which  this  s u r v e y was based, have no r e l a t i o n t o t h e d i s t r i c t s p o p u l a r l y known by t h e names used i n t h e f o l l o w i n g p a g e s , d i s t r i c t s w h i c h t h e Community C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n s d e s c r i b e d s e e k t o serve* Collingwood C o l l i n g w o o d i s an u r b a n r e s i d e n t i a l a r e a o f predomina n t l y t h e lower income group*  Population density, juvenile  d e l i n q u e n c y and t r a n s i e n c y a r e not h i g h . approximately about  l600  20,000,  Total population i s  w h i l e elementary sohool p o p u l a t i o n i s  and t h e h i g h s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n i s s m a l l .  Although  t r a n s p o r t a t i o n s e r v i c e s a r e good, t h e d i s t a n c e s i n v o l v e d a r e t o o g r e a t f o r adequate use o f t h e c e n t r a l r e c r e a t i o n a l  and  c u l t u r a l resouroes of the C i t y * Commercial r e o r e a t i o n i n C o l l i n g w o o d c o n s i s t s o f 1.  one  I . E . U o r r i e and D a v i d P. DeMarohe; Survey Report o f Group Work and R e o r e a t i o n i n G r e a t e r V a n c o u v e r , 1945. The Commu n i t y Chest and W e l f a r e C o u n c i l o f G r e a t e r V a n c o u v e r .  37t h e a t r e and one p o o l h a l l .  P a r k s and p l a y g r o u n d s o p e r a t e d by  t h e Vancouver P a r k s B o a r d , i n c l u d e Horquay C h i l d r e n ' s P l a y ground and C o l l i n g w o o d P a r k whioh have p l a y equipment and have f a c i l i t i e s and equipment f o r t e n n i s , S o f t b a l l and h a r d b a l l * K l l l a r n e y P a r k has p o t e n t i a l i t i e s f o r t h e f u t u r e b u t a t t h e p r e s e n t time i s undeveloped* A c c o r d i n g t o t h e U o r r i e Report from  2*94  percent t o  1. 2.20  p e r c e n t o f t h e t h r e e s o c i a l d i s t r i c t s which make up  C o l l i n g w o o d a r e s e r v e d b y t h e Croup Work and R e c r e a t i o n a l Agenc i e s s u p p o r t e d by t h e Community C h e s t .  Groups sponsored b y t h e  Guide A s s o c i a t i o n and S c o u t s a r e l o c a t e d i n t h e neighbourhood and a r e p o p u l a r .  I n a d d i t i o n t h e c e n t r a l Y*W.C*A* h a s over 200  members i n t h e s e a r e a s w h i l e t h e Y.M.C.A. has a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1 5 0 . There a r e a l s o ohuroh g r o u p s .  The C a t h o l i c Y o u t h O r g a n i z a t i o n  i s a c t i v e a t S t * Mary's Church w h i l e C o l l i n g w o o d U n i t e d h a s a Young P e o p l e ' s group, O.G.I.T., and T u x i s . The Community C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n formed i n J a n u a r y , 1946, ^ s a membership o f 1 5 0 . Fees a r e one d o l l a r p e r p e r s o n or t h r e e d o l l a r s p e r f a m i l y and t h e A s s o o i a t i o n i s f i n a n c e d by i t s fees*  O f f i c e r s a r e e l e o t e d a t t h e annual m e e t i n g *  j e c t i v e s a r e , "(1) The e r e c t i o n and development  The ob-  o f a l o c a l comm-  u n i t y o e n t r e w i t h a l l needed equipment and t h e e r e c t i o n o f a l o c a l l i b r a r y . (2) The g e n e r a l p r o m o t i o n o f community w e l f a r e s o c i a l , e d u o a t l o n a l , c u l t u r a l and a t h l e t i c . " Undoubtedly t h e f a c t t h a t t h e r e i s o n l y one h a l l 1.  I b i d . P. 24  38, a v a i l a b l e i n t h e d i s t r i c t has f o c u s s e d t h e a t t e n t i o n o f t h o s e ooncerned on t h e need f o r f a c i l i t i e s .  The second o b j e c t i v e i s  a l o n g range one and s h o u l d be the. main o b j e c t i v e w i t h t h e f i r s t and o t h e r immediate aims d e v e l o p i n g f r o m i t a s t h e need arises. The o f f i c e r s a l t h o u g h t h e y a r e e l e c t e d on t h e b a s i s of t h e i r i n t e r e s t i n t h e Community Oentre A s s o c i a t i o n a r e a f f i l i a t e d w i t h o t h e r v a r i e d community  organizations.  Such a r e -  l a t i o n s h i p i s based on c o i n c i d e n c e r a t h e r t h a n on a permanent struoture.  There i s need f o r t h e c r e a t i o n o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n  w h i c h would p r o v i d e a method t h r o u g h w h i c h a l l groups —  educa-  t i o n a l , s o c i a l and s e r v i c e c l u b s c o u l d meet t o g e t h e r t o d i s c u s s the  needs o f t h e a r e a and ways o f m e e t i n g them. When suoh a c o u n c i l or committee e x i s t s t h e Community  C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n w i l l have more guidance a s t o most immediate needs.  The need f o r a l i b r a r y might be met i f arrangements  . c o u l d be made f o r t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f a branoh l i b r a r y b y t h e Vancouver P u b l i c L i b r a r y s i m i l a r t o t h o s e i n K i t s i l a n o , t h e West End and Grandview.  The p o s s i b i l i t y o f u s i n g s c h o o l o r  c h u r c h b u i l d i n g s f o r a temporary p e r i o d o o u l d be e x p l o r e d . There are  few a c t i v i t i e s i n t h e oommunity t o w h i o h p e o p l e c a n go. Some  program oould be i n i t i a t e d .  T h i s would d e v e l o p I n t e r e s t i n t h e  o b j e c t i v e s o f t h e a s s o c i a t i o n and g a i n w i d e r p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n it.  A c t i v i t i e s f o r r a i s i n g money oould be s p o n s o r e d .  I f the  p r e m i s e t h a t a oommunity o e n t r e i s s u c c e s s f u l t o t h e degree t h a t t h e r e i s p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n i t and t h a t i t s a c t i v i t i e s a r e based on community needs and i n t e r e s t s i s a c c e p t e d , t h e n t h e s e  39. are e a r l y s t e p s on whioh t h e development o f t h e o e n t r e  should  he b a s e d .  Kitsllano K i t s i l a m ) i s an u r b a n r e s i d e n t i a l d i s t r i c t , l i g h t i n d u s t r i a l and  with  commercial a r e a s s c a t t e r e d t h r o u g h o u t .  The p o p u l a t i o n i s p r e d o m i n a n t l y o f t h e l o w e r m i d d l e income group, a l t h o u g h t h e r e a r e a l s o some upper m i d d l e and income a r e a s . not marked.  lower  P o p u l a t i o n d e n s i t y i s h i g h , but t r a n s i e n c y i s The  e l e m e n t a r y s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n i s 1951*  high school population  1750.  Oommeroial r e o r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f two b o w l i n g a l l e y and  the  a pool h a l l .  theatres, a  The Vancouver P a r k s Board  e r a t e s f o u r p a r k s i n the a r e a w i t h f a c i l i t i e s and f o r b a s e b a l l , f o o t b a l l , t e n n i s and  op-  equipment  children's play.  There i s  p l a y g r o u n d s u p e r v i s i o n , and v o l u n t e e r s a r e used t o a s s i s t i n the o p e r a t i o n of competitive The  northern  games.  s e c t i o n of t h e d i s t r i c t  A l e x a n d r a Neighbourhood House which has members*  In a d d i t i o n , organized  i s served  by  over t h r e e hundred  r e o r e a t i o n i s sponsored i n t h e  a r e a by t h e P r o v i n c i a l R e c r e a t i o n Dept., t h e G i r l Guide and Scout A s s o c i a t i o n s . ominations.  There are numerous churches o f v a r i o u s den-  There i s a b r a n c h l i b r a r y and t h e s e r v i c e s of  N a t i o n a l F i l m Board a r e used by s e v e r a l The and  in  1947*  the  organizations.  Community C e n t r e s A s s o c i a t i o n was  incorporated  Boy  formed i n  I t s o f f i c e r s are e l e c t e d at  the  1945,  annual m e e t i n g *  Membership i n the a s s o c i a t i o n t o t a l s  I t i s f i n a n c e d by membership f e e s o f one She  sixty*  dollar*  o b j e c t i v e o f the a s s o c i a t i o n i s - To e r e c t  operate a community c e n t r e f o r t h e p h y s i c a l , s o c i a l and t i o n a l u s e s of o i t i z e n s and set a f i n a n c i a l o b j e c t i v e of  children*  $200,000  and educa-  Toward t h i s end i t has and t o date has r a i s e d  $39,000. On the e x e c u t i v e of t h e a s s o c i a t i o n a r e members o f the K i t s i l a n o Chamber o f Commerce, l i o n s C l u b , R a t e p a y e r s and Canadian L e g i o n * oommunity*  There a r e o t h e r a o t i v e o r g a n i z a t i o n s i n t h e  A g a i n no c o u n c i l o r committee e x i s t s t h r o u g h  which  j o i n t p l a n n i n g can be done* '  T h e r e i s a t l e a s t one churoh b u i l d i n g equipped  a v a i l a b l e f o r oommunity r e o r e a t i o n .  and  However, t h e use o f i t i s  not o u t l i n e d , and t h e r e i s no i n d i c a t i o n t h a t o t h e r p o s s i b i l i t i e s , s u c h as s c h o o l s and p a r k f a o i l i t i e s , where program c o u l d b e g i n t o o p e r a t e , have been e x p l o r e d *  Kerrisdale K e r r i s d a l e i s an urban r e s i d e n t i a l a r e a h a v i n g i n d u s t r i a l and commercial b u i l d i n g s *  few  Although the d i s t r i c t i s  w e l l p o p u l a t e d , j u v e n i l e d e l i n q u e n c y i s low*  Its population i s  almost w h o l l y o f the upper m i d d l e income group, w i t h some o f the upper inoome group* elementary,  1211;  The  s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n of t h e ' a r e a i s :  j u n i o r h i g h s c h o o l , 1225;  high sohool,  867.  K e r r i s d a l e has v e r y l i t t l e commercial r e c r e a t i o n *  41. There i s one p a r k i n t h e a r e a w i t h f a o i l i t i e s f o r s o f t h a l l , b a s e b a l l , f o o t b a l l , b o w l i n g and t e n n i s * Trade s p o n s o r s an o r g a n i z e d boys*  The J u n i o r Board o f  b a s e b a l l league f o r  intermediate  The G i r l Guide and Boy Soout a s s o c i a t i o n s have groups  i n t h i s a r e a , and a l a r g e number o f young p e o p l e p a r t i c i p a t e i n t h e Y.M.C.i. and Y.W.C.A. The of  100*  Community C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n has  I t was formed i n  are two d o l l a r s per annum*  1942  a membership  and i n c o r p o r a t e d  in  1943*  Fees  O f f i c e r s a r e . e l e c t e d a n n u a l l y * The  o b j e c t i v e o f the a s s o c i a t i o n i s " t o p r o v i d e s o c i a l and r e c r e a tional activities, community*"  n o t o n l y f o r the members, but f o r t h e whole  The a s s o o i a t i o n has  concentrated  i n the a r e a on  f u n d - r a i s i n g , and h a s not made any e f f o r t s t o o r g a n i z e oommunity, o r t o e v a l u a t e  i t s resources  the  and needs*  Marpole M a r p o l e i s a l o w e r m i d d l e inoome group r e s i d e n t i a l district  on t h e s l o p e above the F r a s e r R i v e r , Vancouver's  s o u t h e r l y boundary*  A l o n g t h e F r a s e r and on the i s l a n d s o f  i t s d e l t a there i s considerable woodworking*  industrial plant, principally  P o p u l a t i o n d e n s i t y i s low*  r e c r e a t i o n a l and c u l t u r a l r e s o u r c e s  Vancouver's c e n t r a l  are remote*  The p o p u l a t i o n  i s approximately ten thousand. Commercial r e c r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f a p o o l h a l l , t r e and dance h a l l *  thea-  The Vancouver P a r k s Board o p e r a t e s Oak  P a r k , w i t h f a o i l i t i e s f o r lawn b o w l i n g , b a s e b a l l , t e n n i s and  f o o t b a l l , and t h e r e i s some c h i l d r e n ' s p l a y equipment*  1.  -  2*66  The H o r r i e Report i n d i c a t e s t h a t from to  3»79  percent  p e r c e n t o f t h e p o p u l a t i o n o f t h i s a r e a i s s e r v e d by  agenoies supported b y t h e Community Chest*  Of t h e s e , t h e p r o -  grams o f t h e Boy Soouts and G i r l G u i d e s a r e oommunity c e n t r e d * The U n i t e d Church sponsors Boys' B r i g a d e , L i f e Boys and C.G.I.T. and t h e P r o v i n c i a l R e c r e a t i o n Department u s e s t h e A n g l i c a n Church f a c i l i t i e s f o r i t s program* The Community C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n , w i t h a membership of t w e l v e h u n d r e d , was formed i n J a n u a r y , 1 9 4 4 , n d i n c o r p o r a &  ted  i n t h e same y e a r *  I t s e x e c u t i v e i s e l e c t e d a t t h e annual  m e e t i n g , and o f f i c e r s b e l o n g t o suoh o r g a n i z a t i o n s as t h e P.T.A., t h e R o t a r y C l u b , t h e Boy S c o u t s , G i r l G u i d e s , Vancouver Communi t y A s s o c i a t i o n and t h e B.C. Community C e n t r e s A s s o c i a t i o n , There a r e v a r i o u s committees and g r o u p s , t o which  responsibil-  i t y i s d e l e g a t e d , suoh as t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee, t h e Women's A u x i l i a r y and t h e A t h l e t i c C l u b *  The o b j e c t i v e o f t h e A s s o c i a -  t i o n i s " t o promote t h e e d u c a t i o n a l , s o c i a l , o u l t u r a l and a t h l e t i c endeavours o f t h e community"* Fees a r e one d o l l a r p e r y e a r .  A d d i t i o n a l funds a r e  r a i s e d t h r o u g h s u b s c r i p t i o n s , s o c i a l a c t i v i t i e s and c a r n i v a l s * .A l a r g e p o r t i o n o f t h e s e a r e d e s i g n a t e d f o r t h e b u i l d i n g Funds i n hand t o t a l  $19,412.53.  The A s s o c i a t i o n i s u s i n g a house, "Marpole where i t sponsors programs* 1.  I b i d P* 24  fund.  The f a o i l i t i e s  House",  i n c l u d e a n assembly  43h a l l , whioh w i l l accommodate e i g h t y , a s t a g e and k i t c h e n .  The  program i n c l u d e s w h i s t d r i v e s , p a r t i e s , t e e n c l u b d a n c e s , t h e meetings o f v a r i o u s committees and i n t h e morning a k i n d e r g a r t en* Community p r o j e c t s a r e d i s c u s s e d M a r p o l e Community A s s o c i a t i o n * Guides, Boys  1  and p l a n n e d b y t h e  Represented on i t a r e t h e S c o u t s ,  B r i g a d e , P.H.A* and M a r p o l e B o w l i n g H a l l *  Proj-  e c t s sponsored by t h i s o r g a n i z a t i o n i n c l u d e a oommunity g a l a day, s p o r t s day and band The  concerts*  a c t i v i t i e s i n t h i s a r e a i n d i c a t e a good community  s p i r i t and a c t i v e and e f f i c i e n t v o l u n t e e r w o r k e r s * l e a d e r s h i p has a sound c o n c e p t i o n  The l a y  o f the f u n c t i o n o f a oommun-  i t y oentre,and i s b u i l d i n g an o r g a n i z a t i o n which should have permanence and v i t a l i t y *  W i t h t h e guidance and a i d o f p r o f e -  s s i o n a l l e a d e r s h i p t h e a c t i v i t i e s a l r e a d y i n i t i a t e d c o u l d be expanded and d i r e c t e d i n t o t h e development o f a demooraotio framework* t h r o u g h w h i c h members and o r g a n i z a t i o n s c o u l d work toward t h e o b j e c t i v e s s t a t e d by t h e A s s o c i a t i o n *  Grandview Grandview i s a l o w e r income group r e s i d e n t i a l riot*  dist-  I t i s bounded on t h e n o r t h by B u r r a r d I n l e t and on t h e  west by F a l s e Creek*  A l o n g t h e i n l e t a r e p o r t f a c i l i t i e s and  lumber m i l l s , w h i l e t h e f i l l e d - i n Creek b e d i s a growing oentre  of l i g h t industry*  j u v e n i l e delinquency  P o p u l a t i o n d e n s i t y i s n o t h i g h , but  i s h i g h i n comparison w i t h o t h e r l o w  44. income d i s t r i c t s o f s i m i l a r  density*  There i s more commercial r e o r e a t i o n i n Grandview t h a n i n most r e s i d e n t i a l  areas.  There a r e f o u r t h e a t r e s , two  b o w l i n g a l l e y s , one p o o l h a l l and f o u r dance h a l l s . couver P a r k s Board o p e r a t e s t h r e e p a r k s - B u f f a l o , and Grandview.  The VanWoodland  B u f f a l o P a r k has f a c i l i t i e s f o r t e n n i s and  r u g b y , w h i l e Woodland P a r k h a s an open b a l l f i e l d *  Grandview  P a r k has f a o i l i t i e s f o r t e n n i s and good c h i l d r e n ' s p l a y e q u i p ment and i n t h e summer i t i s s u p e r v i s e d i n t h e a f t e r n o o n and evening* i  I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e a o t i v i t i e s o r g a n i z e d under t h e P a r k s B o a r d , t h e r e a r e a l a w n b o w l i n g o l u b , Pro-Rec c l a s s e s , G i r l G u i d e s , Boy S c o u t s , a o t i v i t i e s  sponsored by t h e c h u r c h e s  and t h o s e sponsored b y t h e Vancouver E a s t Oommunity,Y. The Vancouver E a s t Oommunity Y s e r v e s a s a community c e n t r e f o r t h e Grandview d i s t r i c t .  I t i s sponsored by t h e  Y.W.C.i. and Y.M.o.A. and f i n a n o e d by a membership  f e e o f two  d o l l a r s a y e a r and t h e c o n t r i b u t i o n o f t h e Oommunity C h e s t . The o b j e c t i v e s o f t h e o e n t r e a r e t h o s e o f the Y.W.C.a. and t h e Y.M.O.A. The Board o f D i r e c t o r s i s a f f i l i a t e d w i t h t h e Y.M.c.A. and t h e Y.w.C.a. M e t r o p o l i t a n Boards*  Consideration i s being"  g i v e n t o the method b y whioh t h e Board i s e l e c t e d * F a c i l i t i e s o f t h e Vancouver E a s t Community Y i n c l u d e an assembly h a l l which s e a t s one hundred, a committee room, two olub'rooms, a k i t c h e n , coke b a r and o f f i c e equipment* There i s equipment f o r s o f t b a l l , b a s k e t b a l l , badminton, l e a t h e r w o r k , plastics  and s h e l l - c r a f t .  There i s a l s o a c h i l d r e n ' s b r a n c h o f  45the Vancouver L i b r a r y A s s o c i a t i o n . the centre  Other f a c i l i t i e s used b y  i n c l u d e two c h u r c h gymnasiums, a s c h o o l  home basements, s c h o o l and p a r k grounds.  auditorium,  The program o o n s i s t s  of s p o r t s , i n t e r e s t g r o u p s , mass a c t i v i t i e s and f r i e n d s h i p groups• The membership i s l a r g e l y s e l f - g o v e r n i n g . t i o n has  Eaoh s e c -  a oommittee o r c o u n c i l by w h i c h programs and a c t i v i -  t i e s are p l a n n e d .  Such p l a n s are s u b j e c t t o t h e a p p r o v a l o f  the B o a r d . The executive  s t a f f i n c l u d e s an e x e c u t i v e  secretary, assistant  s e c r e t a r y , a Y.W.C.A. s e c r e t a r y , a s s i s t a n t Y.W.C.A.  s e c r e t a r y and n u r s e r y  school teacher.  Volunteers  a r e used as  l e a d e r s o f j u n i o r and c r a f t c l u b s , t e e n age programs and on policy-making The  and a d v i s o r y  committees.  development o f program, t h e use  o f oommunity r e -  sources, the b u i l d i n g of a l a r g e l y self-governing  organization  and t h e encouragement o f p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n a d e m o c r a t i c  organiz-  a t i o n i n d i o a t e t h e p r e s e n c e o f p r o f e s s i o n a l l e a d e r s h i p . However, t h e i n f o r m a t i o n s u p p l i e d does not i n d i c a t e what t h e c o n t e m p l a t e d r e o r g a n i z a t i o n o f the Board w i l l mean.  H O T does i t show how the  agency i s r e l a t e d t o o t h e r a g e n c i e s and o r g a n i z a t i o n s o f t h e community.  The use  o f oommunity f a c i l i t i e s and r e s o u r c e s  would  i n d i c a t e t h a t suoh r e l a t i o n s h i p s e x i s t o r have e x i s t e d i n the past.  46. The  West End The  West End l i e s between t h e commercial c e n t r e o f  t h e c i t y and t w o o f Vancouver's most noted r e c r e a t i o n a l r e s o u r c e s , E n g l i s h Bay and S t a n l e y P a r k .  I t was Vancouver's  e a r l i e s t h i g h inoome group r e s i d e n t i a l a r e a .  How i t i s a con-  g e s t e d , l o w income group r e s i d e n t i a l a r e a , p r e s e n t i n g most o f t h e e v i l s o f a rooming house d i s t r i c t .  I t s h o u l d he noted  t h a t many f i n e apartment b u i l d i n g s have been b u i l t i n t h i s area.  I f p r e s e n t t r e n d s c o n t i n u e t h i s w i l l become predomin-  a n t l y a n apartment house a r e a o f t h e h i g h inoome group.  At  p r e s e n t , however, t h e dominant o h a r a o t e r i s t i c s o f t h e d i s t r i c t are b l i g h t , deoay and c o n g e s t i o n .  Population density i s the  h i g h e s t o f a l l Vancouver r e s i d e n t i a l a r e a s .  Although t h e  apartment house p o p u l a t i o n i s s t a b l e , t h e rooming house popul a t i o n i s l a r g e l y t r a n s i e n t . Elementary school p o p u l a t i o n i s 1341  a  n  a  h i g h s o h o o l p o p u l a t i o n 530. T o t a l p o p u l a t i o n i s  44,000. The  d i s t r i c t i s o l o s e t o t h e o e n t r e o f t h e C i t y and  t h u s h a s access t o e v e r y k i n d o f commercial r e c r e a t i o n . The r e s i d e n t s have a t t h e i r d i s p o s a l t h e r e s o u r o e s They have a l s o o t h e r p l a y g r o u n d s  of Stanley Park.  - Denman and C e p e r l e y  Parks  which a r e w e l l equipped f o r t h e a c t i v i t i e s o f c h i l d r e n and have t h e s e r v i c e s o f two r e c r e a t i o n a l d i r e c t o r s .  The Vancouver  A r t G a l l e r y p r o v i d e s a r t c l a s s e s and o t h e r o u l t u r a l programs. The c e n t r a l Y.M.C.A. and Y.W.C.A.'s a r e l o c a t e d on t h e f r i n g e o f t h e a r e a and a t t r a c t l a r g e numbers o f young p e o p l e .  In  47. a d d i t i o n t h e r e a r e G u i d e s , S c o u t s , and s i x e s t a b l i s h e d with recreational a c t i v i t i e s .  churches  However, i t s h o u l d be noted t h a t  w h i l e Denman and C e p e r l e y P a r k s , and some o f t h e commercial r e a t i o n a l f a o i l i t i e s serve mainly r e s i d e n t s o f the  rec-  district,  S t a n l e y P a r k , t h e a r t G a l l e r y , t h e Y.M.C.A, and t h e Y.w.C.A. serve the c i t y g e n e r a l l y . Gordon House s e r v e s a s a Community Oentre f o r t h e area..  I t i s managed by t h e A l e x a n d r a Community A c t i v i t i e s  Committee and f i n a n c e d by t h e Community C h e s t , a s m a l l c i t y g r a n t and t h e i n t e r e s t on an endownment f u n d .  Its facilities  c o n s i s t o f a gymnasium which i s used b o t h as a gym and a n assembly h a l l , two houses w i t h a combined t o t a l o f a p p r o x i m a t e l y f o r t y rooms' o f v a r i o u s s i z e s .  S p e c i a l rooms i n c l u d e - music  room, workshop, a r t room, n u r s e r y s c h o o l , s e w i n g , oard room, r e a d i n g room, two k i t c h e n s , coke b a r and l i b r a r y .  There i s  equipment f o r badminton, b a s k e t b a l l , f o o t b a l l , b a s e b a l l and volleyball.  I n a d d i t i o n Gordon House uses t h e n e i g h b o u r i n g  s c h o o l grounds, t h e Y.M.C.A. swimming p o o l and t h e S t a n l e y P a r k p l a y i n g f i e l d s and t e n n i s c o u r t s f o r i t s a o t i v i t i e s . Membership i n Gordon House i s open t o young and old and t o t a l s 1400. was founded  There i s a membership f e e o f one d o l l a r .  It  i n 1942 and i s one o f t h r e e a c t i v i t i e s sponsored by  the A l e x a n d r a Communities A c t i v i t i e s Committee, t r u s t e e s o f t h e endownment f u n d .  There i s a Gordon House Board which i s app-  o i n t e d by t h e A l e x a n d r a Communities Committee and i s ooncerned w i t h t h e d e t a i l s o f management and p o l i c y making.  Members a r e  asked t o s e r v e on t h i s Board and r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f t h e Board  48. s e r v e on t h e A l e x a n d r a A o t i v l t i e s Committee*  Each of the  two  houses - J u n i o r and S e n i o r - has an a d v i s o r y committee and a r e r e p r e s e n t e d on t h e Board*  they  At t h e p r e s e n t t i m e t h e r e i s no  statement of t h e o b j e c t i v e s o f Gordon House.  However t h e impor-  tance and need of t h e s e , i f the work o f the c e n t r e i s t o have d i r e c t i o n , has been r e c o g n i z e d and t h e y a r e i n t h e p r o c e s s  of  formulation. She membership o f Gordon House i s o r g a n i z e d on a demo c r a t i c b a s i s so t h a t the i n t e r e s t s , needs and the members oan be p r e s e n t e d t o t h e B o a r d . planning council.  suggestions  of  Each s e c t i o n has  a  I n the J u n i o r House t h e r e a r e p l a n n i n g comm-  i t t e e s f o r j u n i o r s , s e n i o r s and i n t e r m e d i a t e s *  I n the  Senior  House t h e r e i s a Young A d u l t Committee and a House C o u n c i l which i s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f a l l the groups and sends r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s t o t h e Gordon House B o a r d * Such a s t r u c t u r e i s a c o m p l i c a t e d one and r e q u i r e s c a r e f u l guidance.  U n l e s s t h e r e i s good l e a d e r s h i p t h e r e i s a  danger o f groups becoming p o s s e s s i v e and o p e r a t i n g on a competi t i v e b a s i s r a t h e r than f o r the w e l f a r e o f the whole. a l s o danger o f t h e a d m i n i s t e r i n g and p o l i o y - m a k i n g  There i s  groups becom-  ing  s e l f - p e r p e t u a t i n g and removed from t h e a c t u a l membership*  She  o p e r a t i o n o f a Centre when i t s maintenance i s c o n t r o l l e d  suoh r e g u l a t i o n s as t h o s e whioh govern the A l e x a n d r a  by  Community  A c t i v i t i e s Committee makes i t d i f f i c u l t f o r members t o f e e l t h a t t h e y oan i n f l u e n c e p o l i c y or c r e a t e an agency t h a t i s t r u l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e i r community. t u r e must be developed  For these reasons a s t r u c -  so t h a t t h e r e can be c h a n n e l s t o t h e  49. f i n a l a u t h o r i t y and  i t w i l l r e q u i r e c o n s t a n t adjustment t o meet  the needs o f the membership and  interpretation'so that  the  s t r u c t u r e w i l l he used as a means of membership p a r t i c i p a t i o n . There i s program f o r everyone a t Gordon House* dance t o t a l l e d  120,000  for  1946.  S o h o o l f o r c h i l d r e n of ages two  atten-  A o t i v i t i e s inolude a Nursery t o f o u r , s p o r t s , i n t e r e s t and  hobby groups f o r c h i l d r e n , young a d u l t s and  adults*  The  large  numbers g o i n g t o the c e n t r e make i t n e c e s s a r y t o sponsor a c t i v i t i e s f o r l a r g e numbers, however e f f o r t s are b e i n g made t o op s m a l l c l u b groups so t h a t as many members as p o s s i b l e p a r t i c i p a t e i n them and  develcan  through them become a p a r t o f the  centre.  I n a d d i t i o n o t h e r a g e n c i e s use Gordon House t o make t h e i r s e r v i c e s a v a i l a b l e t o the community. P u b l i c L i b r a r y , a Ohild Health i t a n Health  There i s a b r a n c h o f  Oentre sponsored by the  the Metropol-  Committee, n i g h t s o h o o l c l a s s e s and p r o - r e o c l a s s e s .  There i s a monthly showing of N a t i o n a l F i l m Board f i l m s .  The  Canadian L e g i o n has t a k e n over the basement of the S e n i o r House and  i t s h e a d q u a r t e r s are s t a t i o n e d The  West End  there.  i s peculiarly lacking i n service  clubs.  I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e churches t h e r e are branches of t h e P.T.A., t h e I.O.D.E. and t h e Canadian L e g i o n . i n t h e a r e a s e r v e not  o n l y t h e West End  The  other s e r v i c e olubs  but Vancouver C i t y .  A l l the o i t y . S o c i a l W e l f a r e A g e n c i e s g i v e s e r v i c e i n the rict.  These i n c l u d e t h e F a m i l y W e l f a r e , C h i l d r e n ' s A i d  F o s t e r Bay  distSociety,  Care A s s o c i a t i o n , V.O.N, e t c . The  West End  Community S e r v i c e s Committee i s an  i z a t i o n , w h i c h i s concerned w i t h oommunity p l a n n i n g  and  organ-  50. co-ordination of s e r v i c e s .  I t s membership i n c l u d e s  representa-  t i v e s of churches, schools, Children's Aid S o c i e t y , Family  Wel-  f a r e S e r v i c e s , C h i l d Guidance C l i n i c , Y.M.C.A., Y.W.C.A., Gordon House, Dawson E.T.A., Canadian L e g i o n , I.O.D.E., and o l i t a n H e a l t h Committee.  Metrop-  I t s s t a t e d o b j e c t i v e s are to  provide  a means by w h i c h t h e work o f the v a r i o u s o r g a n i z a t i o n s  serving  t h e West End i l a n c e and  Community may  be o o - o r d i n a t e d  and f o r g r e a t e r  vig-  e f f e c t i v e a c t i o n on neighbourhood p r o b l e m s . S p e o i f i o  problems and  needs w i t h which i t has  d e a l t i n c l u d e the  estab-  lishment  o f a b r a n c h l i b r a r y , c o n t r o l and t r e a t m e n t o f m o r a l  perverts  ( S t a n l e y P a r k and b e a c h e s ) , c o - o p e r a t i v e  group work and  a c t i o n by  oase w o r k a g e n c i e s i n p r o b l e m c a s e s ,  co-ordina-  ;  t i o n of f a c i l i t i e s , t h e p r e v e n t i o n  of t h e o v e r l a p p i n g  of  programs of t h e group work a g e n o i e s , h o u s i n g problems and s u r v e y of the West  the a  End.  She development of a s t r u c t u r e , t h r o u g h w h i c h members oan p a r t i c i p a t e i n t h e d e m o c r a t i c p r o o e s s of a oommunity c e n t r e , t h e c r e a t i o n of a program which w i l l meet t h e needs o f the memb e r s and  the r e l a t i o n o f t h e agency t o o t h e r s s e r v i n g the same  area r e q u i r e s t r a i n e d l e a d e r s h i p .  I n f a c t , the degree t o w h i c h  t h e s e can d e v e l o p i s l a r g e l y dependent on t h e u n d e r s t a n d i n g  and  s k i l l o f t h e p r o f e s s i o n a l employed l e a d e r s h i p . Gordon House has an e x e c u t i v e d i r e c t o r , t r a i n e d i n t h e S o c i a l Work S c h o o l o f T o r o n t o , w i t h many y e a r s i n case work, group work and ant t o h e r , who  has  experience  1  oommunity o r g a n i z a t i o n .  a d m i n i s t r a t i v e e x p e r i e n c e and  as t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e i n the f i e l d  An  assist-  s k i l l as w e l l  of e d u c a t i o n ,  is  51. employed.  There i s a d i r e c t o r f o r each House.  t r a i n i n g and  experience  Each has  had  i n the f i e l d of s o c i a l group work.  Other workers i n b o t h Houses are r e s p o n s i b l e t o them and have speoial reoreation s k i l l s . e r s and  These i n c l u d e f o u r f u l l - t i m e work-  a s m a l l v a r y i n g number o f p a r t - t i m e w o r k e r s .  The  Nur-  s e r y S o h o o l has a w e l l q u a l i f i e d s t a f f , i n c l u d i n g a d i r e c t o r and two  assistant teachers.  To h a n d l e o f f i c e work and  admin-  i s t r a t i v e d e t a i l s , two f u l l - t i m e and  one p a r t - t i m e  o f f i c e work-  e r s are employed.  one p a r t - t i m e  janitors  Two  f u l l - t i m e and  •  l o o k a f t e r t h e housekeeping and c a r e o f the b u i l d i n g s * The work o f t h e p r o f e s s i o n a l workers i s supplemented by t h a t o f t h e v o l u n t e e r s .  These number a p p r o x i m a t e l y  fifty,  and t h e y serve as r e o e p t i o n i s t s , o l u b and c r a f t l e a d e r s .  They  a l s o g i v e c l e r i c a l a s s i s t a n c e and h e l p i n t h e N u r s e r y S c h o o l * The v o l u n t e e r s  1  knowledge and u n d e r s t a n d i n g  of the community  and t h e r o l e of the o e n t r e i n i t s l i f e i s f o s t e r e d by a program o f s u p e r v i s i o n and  training.  F a i r v i e w - M o u n t P l e a s a n t and West P o i n t Grey Palrview-Mount Pleasant a r e a o f marked s o c i a l need, m i d d l e income group.  i s a l o w e r income r e s i d e n t i a l  west P o i n t Grey i s o f t h e upper  L i t t l e information concerning 1  community  c e n t r e s i n these d i s t r i c t s was a v a i l a b l e . I n Pairview-Mount P l e a s a n t t h e Y.M.C.A. s p o n s o r s a oommunity Y program. 1.  See  Appendix.  T h i s agency i s i n p r o c e s s of o r g a n i z a t i o n .  i t p r e s e n t i t s p o n s o r s s p o r t l e a g u e s , t e e n age dances and clubs*  Other r e s o u r c e s i n t h e a r e a i n c l u d e Douglas P a r k ,  w i t h c h i l d r e n ' s p l a y equipment, f a o i l i t i e s  for softball,  t e n n i s and r u g b y , Pro-Rec c l a s s e s , S o o u t s , G u i d e s , v a r i o u s c h u r c h groups and a younger t e e n age dance program s p o n s o r e d by t h e P.T.A. The West P o i n t Grey Community Oentre A s s o c i a t i o n owns a community h a l l , whioh has a l a r g e assembly room*  53 Chapter S i x - A d j a c e n t M u n i c i p a l i t i e s  West Yanobuver West Vancouver  i s a r e l a t i v e l y new r e s i d e n t i a l a r e a  almost d e v o i d o f i n d u s t r y .  The p o p u l a t i o n , t o t a l l i n g  11,000,  i s s c a t t e r e d over a wide a r e a and i s p r e d o m i n a n t l y o f t h e upper m i d d l e inoome group.  The d i s t r i c t i s s i t u a t e d on a  mountain h i l l s i d e by t h e s e a . There i s l i t t l e need f o r commercial r e c r e a t i o n .  Two  g o l f c l u b s , a b o w l i n g a l l e y and a t h e a t r e a r e o p e r a t i n g a t the present time. pality. er.  There a r e two p a r k s managed by t h e M u n i c i -  Ambleside P a r k has f a c i l i t i e s f o r b a s e b a l l and  Memorial P a r k has b o w l i n g g r e e n s , merry-go-round  b a r s and  sooe-  swings,  slides. O r g a n i z e d r e c r e a t i o n i s c e n t r e d around t h e West Van-  c o u v e r Community C e n t r e .  There a r e 997 p a r t i c i p a n t s , aged  f o u r t o t h i r t y y e a r s , seven p a i d l e a d e r s and 129 v o l u n t e e r leaders. six.  The average number o f meetings p e r week i s e i g h t y -  I n a d d i t i o n t o s p o r t s , s p e c i a l i n t e r e s t programs, mass  a c t i v i t i e s and d i s c u s s i o n and c u l t u r a l g r o u p s , a l a r g e number of f r i e n d s h i p groups a r e b e i n g d e v e l o p e d .  These t o t a l t w e n t y -  f i v e , t h i r t e e n g i r l s ' groups and t w e l v e boys' groups. a r e l e d by v o l u n t e e r s , s u p e r v i s e d by t h e s t a f f .  The  They meetings  are h e l d i n homes c o n v e n i e n t l y s i t u a t e d . The v a l u e of t h e West Vancouver f a c i l i t i e s i s estimated at  $11,500.  Community C e n t r e  There i s an assembly  hall,  I  54. h a v i n g a c a p a c i t y o f f i v e hundred.  I t has a p o r t a b l e  There are s i x o l u b rooms of v a r i o u s  s i z e s , equipment f o r base-  b a l l and b a s k e t b a l l , a k i t c h e n , a ooke bar and  stage.  offices.  A s s o c i a t i o n a l s o uses o t h e r community f a c i l i t i e s .  The  These i n -  c l u d e the West Vancouver High S c h o o l , Ambleside P a r k , t h e United out the  and A n g l i c a n Churoh h a l l s and homes s c a t t e r e d area. The  established i n  West Vancouver Oommunity C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n  1943  incorporated  a n d  in  1946..  of the m u n i c i p a l i t y o f West Vancouver i n a u n i t e d  residents fellowship  the purpose of b e t t e r i n g t h e i r i n t e l l e c t u a l , s p i r i t u a l  s o o i a l w e l l being".  and  There a r e 427 members, i n c l u d i n g c h i l d r e n ,  b o y s , g i r l s , y o u t h and a d u l t s . the Board of D i r e o t o r s and The  was  Its constitu-  t i o n s t a t e s that i t s o b j e c t i v e s are "to e n l i s t the  for  through-  There a r e s i x t e e n members on  t h e y are e l e c t e d by the members.  work o f t h e C e n t r e i s f i n a n c e d by t h e Community C h e s t .  Other revenues are membership f e e s and M u n i c i p a l i t y , and  service  the  clubs.  Employed l e a d e r s h i p g i r l s ' worker and  the d o n a t i o n s of  c o n s i s t s of a boys  1  worker, a  a y o u t h w o r k e r , a l l p a i d by the Community  Chest and r e s p o n s i b l e  t o the B o a r d .  These l e a d e r s have had  p r e v i o u s e x p e r i e n c e i n y o u t h work and  one has had  training.  Director,  S a l a r i e s f o r the E x e c u t i v e  and Membership S e c r e t a r y  professional Administration  and t h e worker i n charge of  faoili-  t i e s a r e p a i d by the M u n i c i p a l i t y . Suoh a f i n a n c i a l s t r u c t u r e i s c o m p l i c a t e d .  The  55c o n t r i b u t i o n s from t h e M u n i c i p a l i t y and t h e s e r v i c e c l u b s a r e on a y e a r l y b a s i s o n l y , and no permanent r e l a t i o n s h i p h a s been c r e a t e d as y e t between t h e Community Centre A s s o c i a t i o n and these o r g a n i z a t i o n s * A s t r u c t u r e has been o r e a t e d , t h r o u g h w h i c h t h e memb e r s h i p p l a n s the program f o r t h e C e n t r e * planning council*  Eaoh s e c t i o n has a  R e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f t h e s e s e r v e on t h e p r o -  gram committee, which i s concerned w i t h t h e t o t a l program o f the c e n t r e *  She chairman  o f t h i s committee i s a p p o i n t e d by  the Board and t h e oommittee i s r e p r e s e n t e d on t h e Board* There a r e many s e r v i c e , community and s p e c i a l e s t o r g a n i z a t i o n s i n West Vancouver*  inter-  These i n c l u d e t h e Chamb-  e r o f Commerce, Army and Navy V e t e r a n s , A*0*T*S*, C a n a d i a n L e g i o n , B a h a i Group, Boys' Band A u x i l i a r y , Canadian Red C r o s s , B a p t i s t Young P e o p l e ' s S o c i e t y , Brownie P a c k , C a p i l a n o R i d i n g C l u b , West Vancouver Amateur Mum C l u b , C i v i c A c t i o n Group, Kinsmen, K n i g h t s o f P y t h i a s , L i o n s C l u b , L a d y L a u r i e r C l u b , West Vancouver B o w l i n g Club and L i t t l e T h e a t r e *  S o c i a l wel-  f a r e a g e n c i e s i n t h e community a r e t h e V i c t o r i a n Order o f N u r s e s , S o c i a l A s s i s t a n c e Branoh ( P r o v i n o i a l W e l f a r e  Depart-  ment) , F a m i l y W e l f a r e B u r e a u and t h e West Vancouver W e l f a r e Association* A c r o s s - s e c t i o n o f these o r g a n i z a t i o n s are represent e d on a o o - o r d i n a t i n g c o u n c i l *  Those r e p r e s e n t e d i n c l u d e t h e  West Vancouver R e g i s t e r e d Nurses A s s o c i a t i o n , t h e V*0*N*, I.O.D.E., t h e Kinsmen C l u b , t h e West Vancouver Community  56. A s s o c i a t i o n , t h e Canadian L e g i o n , t h e S.P.C.A., t h e H o l l y b u r n P.T.A., t h e Lady L a u r i e r C l u b , t h e U n i t e d Church Women's A u x i l i a r y , t h e B a p t i s t Young A d u l t F e l l o w s h i p , S t * Stephen's Church, t h e P r i m r o s e C l u b , t h e F a m i l y W e l f a r e B u r e a u , t h e B a h a i Group, t h e West Vancouver T e n n i s Club and t h e P a u l i n e *  Johnson P.T.A.  The o b j e c t i v e s o f t h e C o u n c i l a r e " t o d e a l  w i t h oommunity m a t t e r s a f f e c t i n g t h e people w i t h i n t h e bounds o f the M u n i c i p a l i t y o f West Vancouver."  The p r o j e c t s i t h a s  been o r i s concerned w i t h i n c l u d e a l i b r a r y , a Red Cross B l o o d Donor S e r v i c e , a s s i s t a n c e t o handicapped vey.  and a community s u r -  Suoh a c o u n c i l s h o u l d prove o f r e a l v a l u e i n c o - o r d i n a -  t i n g s e r v i c e s and a c t i v i t i e s , i n d i c a t i n g needs, and i n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n o f p l a n s t o meet them.  N o r t h Vancouver N o r t h V a n c o u v e r , a r e s i d e n t i a l a r e a a d j o i n i n g West Vancouver, had a r a p i d i n d u s t r i a l growth d u r i n g t h e war y e a r s . S h i p b u i l d i n g , a l t h o u g h not c o n t i n u e d on t h e s c a l e o f t h o s e y e a r s , remains an i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r y , and a p r i n c i p a l one f o r the p o r t and heavy i n d u s t r i a l a r e a ranged a l o n g t h e w a t e r f r o n t . N o r t h Vancouver has developed more u r b a n c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s West V a n c o u v e r .  The p o p u l a t i o n i s p r e d o m i n a n t l y o f t h e  income group, and t o t a l s h i g h sohool p o p u l a t i o n i s is  21,000. 2,789  than lower  I t s e l e m e n t a r y and j u n i o r and i t s h i g h s o h o o l p o p u l a t i o n  561. Commercial r e c r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f two t h e a t r e s , a  57bowling a l l e y , a r o l l e r skating r i n k and two pool h a l l s *  The  City of North Vancouver operates s i x parks, a l l well-equipped f o r sports and two of them f o r children's play* ges two p i c n i c grounds*  I t also mana-  Swedish Park, with f a c i l i t i e s f o r Sof-  t b a l l , swimming and dancing, i s managed by the Swedish Society. There are. nine playgrounds adjacent to schools with  facilities  for sports, managed by the School Board* There are also numerous h a l l s throughout the C i t y and d i s t r i c t .  The Scout H a l l i s used as a small gymnasium*  The H o r t i c u l t u r a l H a l l has an assembly h a l l with a capacity of 450, a stage, dressing rooms, a banquet room and a kitchen* There i s also a d r i l l h a l l with a capacity of one thousand* There are store rooms, an o f f i c e r s ' mess, f a c i l i t i e s f o r various sports and a kitchen*  Chesterfield School, a p r i v a t e  school, has a small gymnasium and swimming p o o l . Legion H a l l .  There i s a  In a d d i t i o n , there are centres i n the various  d i s t r i c t s , Hendry Community Centre, Beep Cave Community H a l l , Lynmour L i b r a r y , S t . Agnes Parish H a l l , Capllano  Community  Club, North Shore Neighbourhood House and Beep Cove Legion Hall. Reoreational programs are varied*  There are three  Anglican Churches which have Young People's Associations*  A  sports planning committee plans the sports conducted i n the various parks and playgrounds.  There are Boy Soouts , G i r l  Guides, a Y.W.C.A.-sponsored G i r l s ' Hi-Y, a Y.M.C.A. sponsored Boys' Hi-Y and C.G.I.T* groups sponsored by the United Ohuroh*  58. She P r o v i u e i a l R e c r e a t i o n Department conducts c l a s s e s i n t h e E l k s H a l l , t h e Heywobd Community C e n t r e , L y n n V a l l e y and Capilano.  She Water Board sponsors J u n i o r F i r e Wardens-.  In  a d d i t i o n t h e r e a r e s p e c i a l i n t e r e s t c l u b s , men's and women's b o w l i n g c l u b s , t h e N o r t h Shore R i f l e C l u b , t h e Olympic A t h l e t i c Club and t h e K i t E a t Seen Age Dance C l u b .  She N a t i o n a l  F i l m B o a r d , t h r o u g h t h e F i l m C o u n c i l , sponsors about t h i r t y f i l m showings a month*  S o c i a l a c t i v i t i e s a r e c a r r i e d on i n  t h e C a p i l a n o , Lynn V a l l e y , Deep Cove and Lynmour Community Centres. She N o r t h Vancouver Memorial C e n t r e S o c i e t y  sponsors  many a o t i v i t i e s and u s e s v a r i o u s community f a c i l i t i e s .  Night  s c h o o l c o u r s e s sponsored by i t a r e h e l d i n t h e H i g h S o h o o l and a t t r a c t a p p r o x i m a t e l y t h r e e hundred p e o p l e .  I t sponsors a  d r a m a t i c group, t h e Community P l a y e r s , a t e n n i s c l u b , badmint o n and t h e Pro-Reo c o u r s e s i n t h e N o r t h Vancouver C e n t r e . Shese a c t i v i t i e s a r e h e l d i n t h e D r i l l and Soout H a l l s . N o r t h Vancouver Seen Sown, embracing  a membership o f between two  hundred and f o u r hundred, u s e t h e f a c i l i t i e s and t h e L e g i o n and H o r t i c u l t u r a l H a l l s . the.Society.  of t h e C i t y H a l l ,  I t i s sponsored by  I n t h e summer o f 1947 t h e N o r t h Vancouver Memor-  i a l Community C e n t r e , t h e N o r t h Vancouver Neighbourhood House and t h e Heywood Community C e n t r e j o i n t l y planned and o p e r a t e d a Summer Fun C l u b .  A c t i v i t i e s were conducted  i n Lynn V a l l e y ,  t h e Scout H a l l , N o r t h Vanoouver Neighbourhood House and Heywood. She N o r t h Vanoouver Memorial Community Oentre  Society  59. was  founded i n 1944  j e c t i v e s are:  and  i n c o r p o r a t e d i n 1946.  I t s stated  "3Jo promote and d e v e l o p v a r i e d  a t h l e t i c , .dramatic, s o c i a l , c i v i c and  ob-  educational,  neighbourhood programs  i n o r d e r t o d e v e l o p community n e i g h b o u r l i n e s s and  good  citiz-  e n s h i p ; To promote t h e advancement o f the g e n e r a l i n t e r e s t s of m u n i c i p a l a f f a i r s ; To promote any or a l l o b j e c t s o f a n a t ional, patriotic, philanthropic, charitable, scientific,  art-  i s t i c , s o c i a l , p r o v i n c i a l or s p o r t i n g character"• The b u i l d i n g o r c a p i t a l f u n d s of the S o c i e t y have been s u b s c r i b e d by i n d i v i d u a l s and s e r v i c e c l u b s .  The  Kin-  smen donated $4,000. f o r o p e r a t i o n a l expenses f o r 1946.  The  S o c i e t y hopes t o have an income from t h e Community Cheat, as w e l l as d o n a t i o n s and membership f e e s . b u i l d i n g fund o f a p p r o x i m a t e l y  There i s a s p e c i a l  $100,000., w i t h w h i c h the  S o c i e t y p l a n s t o b u i l d a gymnasium-auditorium u n i t t o t h e N o r t h Vancouver H i g h  School.  Membership t o t a l s 850. v o t i n g members, who approximately  adjacent  T h i s i n c l u d e d two  pay a one d o l l a r membership f e e  two hundred p a r t i c i p a t i n g members, who  hundred only, pay  e x t r a f e e s f o r t h e i r a c t i v i t i e s and two hundred Teen Town members, who  are a f f i l i a t e d with the  Society.  The Board o f D i r e c t o r s o o n s i s t s of not more t h a n s i x t y and  not l e s s t h a n t w e n t y members.  Not  l e s s than  o f t h e s e d i r e c t o r s a r e e l e c t e d at t h e a n n u a l g e n e r a l The N o r t h Vancouver C i t y C o u n c i l may  appoint  two,  twelve  meeting.  the N o r t h  6o. Vancouver D i s t r i c t Council or Commissioner may the School Board of D i s t r i c t 44 may of Directors may  appoint  two,  appoint two and the Board  request c e r t a i n "oommunity minded" organiza-  tions to appoint or elect one d i r e c t o r , according to the procedure outlined i n the Constitution of the Society.  That doc-  ument provides for the appointment of several standing commi t t e e s by the o f f i c e r s of the Society: program, advisory, publio r e l a t i o n s , b u i l d i n g and grounds, finance, trustees and membership*  In addition, the Program Committee i s instructed  to appoint and prescribe the duties of further committees on such matters as gymnasium, auditorium, swimming, s o c i a l , music and games* .Professional leadership of the Society consists of one d i r e c t o r *  He has had f i v e years  and recreation and has a B.A. t i o n Science*  1  experience  i n group work  degree and a diploma i n Associa-  One stenographer i s employed by the Society.  The work of planning committees and i n t e r e s t group leadership i s oarried on by 120 volunteer workers. The development of a c o n s t i t u t i o n providing for the r e l a t i n g of the Society to o i v i c and education a u t h o r i t i e s and community organizations, the oreation of a program which i s so well attended, the use of oommunity resources and the f i n a n c i a l contributions thus f a r coming from the community indicate that the North Vancouver Community C e n t r e Society i s meeting conscious needs and that i t has d i r e c t i o n .  So numerous are the  members and a c t i v i t i e s that one professional leader cannot develop a l l to i d e a l objectives.  The program i s designed to  meet the needs o f l a r g e numbers o f p e o p l e and t h e c o n s t i t u t i o n o f t h e S o c i e t y i s d e s i g n e d t o e n a b l e a wide degree o f p a r t i c i p a t i o n o f community minded c i t i z e n s •  The use o f h a l l s and  community r e s o u r c e s means t h a t r e l a t i o n s h i p s a r e b e i n g b u i l t w i t h o t h e r community a g e n c i e s and o r g a n i z a t i o n s * There i s need f o r t h e development o f more s m a l l f r i e n d s h i p g r o u p s , w h i c h would e n a b l e members t o form p r i m a r y r e l a t i o n s h i p s and make t h e i r r e l a t i o n s h i p t o t h e w h o l e more c o n s o i o u s and p u r p o s e f u l *  R e p r e s e n t a t i v e c o u n c i l s and commi-  t t e e s f o r t h e v a r i o u s s e o t i o n s and age groups a r e b e i n g developed.  The o r g a n i z a t i o n of t h e s e i s s i m i l a r t o t h a t used by  t h e West Vancouver A s s o c i a t i o n .  There i s a program committee,  w i t h a chairman a p p o i n t e d b y the B o a r d .  The c o u n c i l s and oomm  i t t e e s send r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s t o t h e program committee and t h e l a t t e r i s r e p r e s e n t e d on the B o a r d . Community o r g a n i z a t i o n i s c o m p l i c a t e d i n N o r t h Vancouver.  Over n i n e t y known community o r g a n i z a t i o n s and t h r e e  s o c i a l welfare agencies are l i s t e d .  The N o r t h Vancouver Wel-  f a r e C o u n c i l i s t h e oommunity c o - o r d i n a t i n g group.  I t s ob-  j e c t i v e i s t o c o - o r d i n a t e w e l f a r e and r e c r e a t i o n a l work i n North Vancouver.  At t h e p r e s e n t t i m e i t i s w o r k i n g on a  o h i l d w e l f a r e s u r v e y and f o u r sub-oommittees a r e w o r k i n g on h e a l t h s e r v i c e s , c h i l d d e l i n q u e n c y , group work and c h i l d p r o tection.  The group has not been s t r o n g d u r i n g t h e p a s t f i v e  y e a r s and e f f o r t s a r e b e i n g made t o r e l a t e a l l groups t o i t , e i t h e r d i r e c t l y or i n d i r e c t l y t h r o g g h t h e Neighbourhood Councils.  S  u  c  n  a n  arrangement would seem p r a c t i c a l f o r such  62. an a r e a , f o r i t would a l l o w f o r group p l a n n i n g hood b a s i s .  on a n e i g h b o u r -  There a r e f i v e d i s t r i o t s which a l r e a d y have some  k i n d o f community o e n t r e or a s s o c i a t i o n . b e n e f i t f r o m j o i n t p l a n n i n g and  These would s t a n d  the sharing of resources.  o f t h e most obvious needs i s l e a d e r s h i p , and  One  through such a  c o u n c i l arrangements c o u l d be worked o u t , so t h a t t h e c o s t use  of t h i s s e r v i c e c o u l d be  a  centre  I t i s f i n a n c e d by t h e Community Chest  f r o m membership f e e s .  and  shared.  N o r t h Shore Neighbourhood House p r o v i d e s f o r one d i s t r i c t .  to  and  I t i s managed by a Board of D i r e c t o r s .  Membership t o t a l s t w e n t y - f i v e .  The  o r g a n i z a t i o n are " w e l f a r e , s e r v i c e " .  s t a t e d o b j e c t i v e s of Its facilities  o f a h o u s e , w i t h o n e . l a r g e room accommodating f o r t y , o t h e r s m a l l e r rooms f o r olub meetings and Program i n c l u d e s a n u r s e r y groups as woodwork, sewing and  consist and  i n t e r e s t groups.  s o h o o l and  dancing.  the  suoh i n t e r e s t  J u n i o r F o r e s t Wardens,  sponsored by t h e Canadian F o r e s t r y A s s o c i a t i o n , meet i n t h e house.  A d m i n i s t r a t i o n and  c o - o r d i n a t i o n o f t h e program i s  c a r r i e d out by an e x e c u t i v e  d i r e c t o r , who  t i v e e x p e r i e n c e and t r a i n i n g . n u r s e r y s o h o o l and  has had  administra-  There i s a l s o a d i r e c t o r of the  an a s s i s t a n t t o h e r .  Volunteers  lead  the  s e w i n g , woodworking and d a n c i n g c l a s s e s . The i s but one  a r e a served  by N o r t h Shore Neighbourhood House  o f s e v e r a l s i m i l a r a r e a s i n N o r t h Vanoouver.  would seem t h a t r e c r e a t i o n i n t h e s e a r e a s c o u l d be w i t h t h a t o f the c e n t r a l a r e a .  The  It  eo-ordinated  framework i n the p r o c e s s o f  63. development t h e r e o o n s i s t s o f t h e c r e a t i o n o f r e l a t i o n s h i p s between e d u c a t i o n a l and o i v i c a u t h o r i t i e s and o t h e r oommunity o r ganizations.  Program and a c t i v i t i e s i n t h e s u r r o u n d i n g  dist-  r i c t s oould he drawn i n t o t h i s p r o j e c t t h r o u g h t h e o r e a t i o n o f neighbourhood c o u n c i l s .  Such an o r g a n i z a t i o n r e q u i r e s l e a d e r -  s h i p , s k i l l e d i n the f i e l d o f oommunity o r g a n i z a t i o n and t h e a s s i s t a n c e o f o t h e r s w i t h group work and s p e c i a l s k i l l s .  How-  e v e r , i t would be economioal f o r i t would mean t h a t t h e s m a l l er a r e a s would have t h e b e n e f i t o f a v a r i e t y o f p r o f e s s i o n a l skills. Heywood i s a wartime h o u s i n g a r e a i n N o r t h V a n c o u v e r , which might a l s o be drawn i n t o t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n o u t l i n e d above. At t h e p r e s e n t t i m e i t has a community o e n t r e managed b y t h e C e n t r a l Mortgage and H o u s i n g C o r p o r a t i o n , w i t h a c o u n s e l l o r responsible to the Corporation.  Population of the area i s  two t h o u s a n d , w h i l e t h e r e a r e 360 e l e m e n t a r y s c h o o l  students.  There i s an elementary s o h o o l and t h e C o r p o r a t i o n manages a playground• The  Community C e n t r e h a s an assembly h a l l w i t h a cap-  a c i t y o f two h u n d r e d , s t a g e , c r a f t room, committee room, k i t c h e n , o f f i c e , s t o r e room and equipment f o r badminton and t a b l e tennis. and  The Heywood P l a y g r o u n d  h a s a b a s e b a l l diamond, swings  bars. R e c r e a t i o n f o r t h e d i s t r i c t i s c e n t r e d i n t h e Commun-  ity Hall.  There a r e a k i n d e r g a r t e n , sponsored by a Co-opera-  t i v e Kindergarten Mothers  1  C l u b , a W e l l Baby C l i n i c , sponsored  by t h e M e t r o p o l i t a n H e a l t h Committee, B r o w n i e s , sponsored by  6A.  the S a l v a t i o n Army, C u t s , sponsored by t h e Cubs P a r e n t  Commi-  t t e e and J u n i o r F o r e s t Wardens, sponsored by the Canadian F o r estry Association. A Y o u t h A d v i s o r y Committee, a p p o i n t e d i t y C o u n c i l , sponsors a c t i v i t i e s f o r boys and  by t h e Commun-  girls.  These i n -  c l u d e f i v e f r i e n d s h i p g r o u p s , a boys' s p o r t s c l u b , i n c o - o p e r a t i o n w i t h t h e P r o v i n c i a l R e c r e a t i o n Department, p h y s i c a l educat i o n c l a s s e s f o r boys and g i r l s and a o r a f t t e a c h e r s  1  class i n  c o - o p e r a t i o n w i t h t h e E x t e n s i o n Department o f t h e U n i v e r s i t y . The  Community C o u n c i l sponsors an i n t e r i o r d e c o r a t i n g c l u b , a  s e n i o r badminton o l u b , a women's s e r v i c e group, a women's handi c r a f t group, a k i n d e r g a r t e n m o t h e r s ' c l u b , t h e c l u b  parent  committee, the y o u t h a d v i s o r y board and movies f o r c h i l d r e n . These a c t i v i t i e s show t h a t t h e r e i s much p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n the Centre.  Through the Community C o u n c i l t h e commun-  i t y i s p l a n n i n g and o p e r a t i n g i t s own a s s i s t a n c e of t h e C o u n s e l l o r , who work.  has had t r a i n i n g i n group  A l s o some f o r t y - f i v e v o l u n t e e r workers s e r v e as group  l e a d e r s and use  a c t i v i t i e s , w i t h the  a s s i s t a n t s i n the k i n d e r g a r t e n .  The  training  and  of t h e s k i l l s o f so many i s a l s o I n d i c a t i v e o f t h e oommun-  i t y support  o f t h e o e n t r e and a s s u r e s t h e c o n t i n u a n c e  of t h a t  support.  Burnaby Burnaby i s a m u n i c i p a l i t y s i m i l a r t o H o r t h V a n c o u v e r , i n t h a t i t i s spread  over a l a r g e a r e a and c o n t a i n s s e v e r a l  65. d i f f e r e n t l a r g e l y independent d i s t r i c t s *  U n t i l recently laok  o f good r o a d s and t r a n s p o r t a t i o n f a c i l i t i e s h i n d e r e d t h e development o f u n i t y w i t h i n t h e m u n i c i p a l i t y *  I t i s largely a  r e s i d e n t i a l a r e a o f t h e l o w e r inoome group* i n d u s t r i a l and commercial s e c t i o n s *  There a r e a l s o  I n d u s t r y i s c e n t r e d main-  l y a l o n g t h e F r a s e r R i v e r , w h i c h hounds t h e m u n i c i p a l i t y on t h e s o u t h , and B u r r a r d I n l e t , whioh hounds i t on t h e n o r t h * The P a c i f i c Highway, p a s s i n g through t h e s o u t h e r n s e c t i o n , i s the c e n t r e o f a g r o w i n g commercial a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n a v a i l a b l e touches o n l y two o f Burnaby's districts;  namely, N o r t h Burnaby and t h e Burnaby  lake-Douglas  Road d i s t r i c t . N o r t h Burnaby i s one o f t h e p r i n c i p a l having a t o t a l population of ulation of  2,000  16,000,  districts,  an elementary  and a h i g h s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n o f  s c h o o l pop-  450.  c i a l r e o r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f a t h e a t r e and a p o o l h a l l *  CommerThe  M u n i c i p a l i t y operates Confederation Park, w i t h f a c i l i t i e s f o r b a s e b a l l , f o o t b a l l , s o f t b a l l , l a c r o s s e , h o r s e s h o e s and t r a c k . and f i e l d s p o r t s .  Organized  r e c r e a t i o n a l groups i n c l u d e t h e  Norburn Y o u t h O r g a n i z a t i o n , a c h u r c h b o y s  1  group and c l a s s e s  sponsored b y t h e Department o f P r o v i n c i a l R e c r e a t i o n . The Community C e n t r e s a s s o c i a t i o n was formed i n 1945 and i n c o r p o r a t e d i n 1946* 'Membership i s on an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l b a s i s , and a t p r e s e n t t h e r e a r e twenty-two member o r g a n i z a t i o n s . These i n c l u d e s o o i a l , p o l i t i c a l , s p p r t s , P.T.A., c h u r c h and other groups.  The E x e c u t i v e and Board o f D i r e c t o r s a r e e l e o t e d  66. by the membership a t the a n n u a l m e e t i n g .  The  Association i s  f i n a n c e d by i t s membership f e e s , d o n a t i o n s and t h e p r o c e e d s o f danoes.  I t s o b j e c t i v e s a r e the " b u i l d i n g o f a oommunity  o e n t r e and t h e f o s t e r i n g of community r e c r e a t i o n a c t i v i t i e s " . At p r e s e n t t h e A s s o c i a t i o n has North High School f o r i t s a c t i v i t i e s .  t h e use  The  of Burnaby  Norburn Y o u t h  Or-  g a n i z a t i o n , a member of t h e A s s o c i a t i o n , a l s o u s e s t h e H i g h School.  T h i s b u i l d i n g has an assembly h a l l w i t h a s e a t i n g  c a p a c i t y of e i g h t hundred, stage, c a f e t e r i a , s e v e r a l meeting rooms, gymnasium, k i t c h e n and The  use  coke b a r .  o f the h i g h s o h o o l b u i l d i n g i n d i c a t e s t h a t ,  a l t h o u g h t h e S c h o o l Board i s not r e p r e s e n t e d  on t h e Oommunity  Oentre A s s o c i a t i o n , i t i s w i l l i n g t o s u p p o r t i t s a c t i v i t i e s and a w o r k i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p does e x i s t .  I n N o r t h Vancouver  c o n s t i t u t i o n a l p r o v i s i o n f o r suoh a r e l a t i o n s h i p has made.  been  I f t h a t p r e c e d e n t were f o l l o w e d i n Burnaby, a c o - o r d i -  n a t i n g body f o r the m u n i c i p a l i t y c o u l d be  developed.  body c o u l d encourage the development o f neighbourhood g r o u p s , t h e u t i l i z a t i o n o f e x i s t i n g f a c i l i t i e s and t h e  Suoh a planning pooling  of f i n a n c i a l r e s o u r o e s f o r the procurement o f l e a d e r s h i p . Burnaby Lake-Douglas Road D i s t r i c t Burnaby. The  The  p o p u l a t i o n o f t h e a r e a i s between  e l e m e n t a r y s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n i s 350.  c i a l r e o r e a t i o n i n the area. The  Two  C e n t r a l Burnaby R a t e p a y e r s and  developing  l i e s i n central  2,500  and  3,000.  There i s no commer-  p a r k s are b e i n g  developed.  Citizens Association i s  Harwood P a r k and t h e Burnaby L a k e Men's Community  67. S e r v i c e Olub i n d e v e l o p i n g The April,  1947*  Deer l a k e  ^ark.  Community C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n was  formed i n  Membership i s on an o r g a n i z a t i o n b a s i s  and  t h r e e o r g a n i z a t i o n s a r e a c t i v e a t the p r e s e n t t i m e , t h e B u r n aby Lake Men's R a t e p a y e r s and Club.  The  Community S e r v i c e C l u b , t h e C e n t r a l Burnaby C i t i z e n ' s A s s o c i a t i o n and t h e Women's Community  c o n s t i t u t i o n i s under consideration..  The  affairs <  o f t h e A s s o c i a t i o n a r e conducted by a c o - o r d i n a t i n g c o u n c i l , made up  o f two  elected representatives  affiliated.organizations. co-ordinate  The  from eaoh o f the  stated objectives are:  three "to  the a c t i v i t i e s of p u b l i c - s p i r i t e d o r g a n i z a t i o n s  t h e e r e c t i o n , e q u i p p i n g , maintenance and  in  a d m i n i s t r a t i o n of a  community c e n t r e t o be b u i l t on t h e Grandview Highway, and provide  o p p o r t u n i t i e s i n suoh a b u i l d i n g and  to  elsewhere^ i n the  oommunity f o r t h e wholesome r e c r e a t i o n , e d u c a t i o n ,  oivio  and  o t h e r l e i s u r e time a c t i v i t i e s of t h e community". F a c i l i t i e s already e x i s t i n g i n the area i n c l u d e  the  V a l l e y V i e w Community C e n t r e which i s managed by t h e V a l l e y View Co-ordinating School.  C o u n c i l , C h u r c h H a l l s and Douglas Road  A l l l a o k equipment and have accommodation f o r l i t t l e  more t h a n s m a l l group a c t i v i t i e s . The  organizations  ional a c t i v i t i e s .  The  of t h e a r e a sponsor some r e c r e a t -  Burnaby Lake Men's Community S e r v i c e  Club sponsors a.Teen Town i n t h e U n i t e d  C h u r c h H a l l , and  C h o r a l S o c i e t y which meets a t Douglas Road S c h o o l .  a  Guides  and  Brownies are sponsored by the Guide A s s o c i a t i o n s , and meet i n t h e s c h o o l and  two  of the c h u r c h e s .  Cubs a l s o meet i n the  68. s o h o o l and a r e sponsored by t h e C e n t r a l Burnaby R a t e p a y e r s and C i t i z e n s A s s o c i a t i o n and t h e r e a r e a number o f c h u r c h groups* A. t o t a l o f n i n e v o l u n t e e r l e a d e r s meet w i t h t h e s e v a r i o u s groups.  N a t i o n a l F i l m Board showings a r e h e l d onoe o r t w i c e a  month. She c o - o r d i n a t i n g c o u n c i l has been d e s i g n e d t o meet a need f o r j o i n t p l a n n i n g and f o r t h e p o o l i n g o f r e s o u r c e s .  It  has been i n e x i s t e n c e f o r o n l y a few months but i t s h o u l d serve as an o r g a n i z i n g f o r c e i n t h e community. the resources  of t h e a r e a a r e l i m i t e d ,  However, s i n c e  i t would seem t h a t  fur-  t h e r c o - o r d i n a t i o n and j o i n t p l a n n i n g w i t h o t h e r d i s t r i c t s i n Burnaby s e e k i n g t h e same ends would be p r a c t i c a l .  69. Chapter Seven r l a r g e r C i t i e s and Towns  P o r t A l b e r n i and A l b e r n i A l b e r n i i s a r a p i d l y g r o w i n g and t h r i v i n g i n d u s t r i a l town on t h e west c o a s t o f Vanoouver I s l a n d . i s lumbering.  Population  t a r y school population  is  The main i n d u s t r y  t o t a l s twelve thousand.  2,500,  high school  is  The elemen-  650.  Commer-  c i a l r e c r e a t i o n consists of three theatres, a bowling a l l e y , two p o o l h a l l s and one r o l l e r s k a t i n g r i n k . There a r e two p a r k s .  The A l b e r n i R e c r e a t i o n P a r k ,  which i s managed b y t h e A l b e r n i A t h l e t i c A s s o c i a t i o n , h a s f a c i l i t i e s f o r b a s e b a l l and s o f t b a l l .  The P o r t A l b e r n i Reorea-  t i o n P a r k i s managed by t h e R e o r e a t i o n D i r e c t o r .  I t has two  g r a n d s t a n d s , f a o i l i t i e s f o r b a s e b a l l , s o f t b a l l , s o c c e r and t e n n i s , and such p l a y equipment as s l i d e s , s w i n g s , p o o l , r i n g s , bars, ladders* acting i n a volunteer  A c t i v i t i e s are supervised  by  teachers,  c a p a c i t y under t h e d i r e c t i o n o f the Reo-  reation Director* -Organized r e o r e a t i o n i s c o - o r d i n a t e d and sponsored by t h e community o e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n and f o r t y - t w o t i o n s and c l u b s r e l a t e d t o i t .  These i n c l u d e  such  organizaorganiz-  a t i o n s as t h e Kinsmen's C l u b , t h e R o t a r y , C l u b , E l k s , P.T.A*, A l b e r n i A t h l e t i c C l u b , Board o f T r a d e , C a r p e n t e r ' s U n i o n , R e b e c c a s , and K n i g h t s o f P y t h i a s *  I n a d d i t i o n t o suoh s e r -  v i c e c l u b s , the M e m o r i a l C e n t r e B o x i n g C l u b , Teen Town, Women's K e e p - P i t c l a s s e s , and o t h e r s i m i l a r groups p a r t i c i p a t e .  (  70. Eaoh of t h e f o r t y - t w o o r g a n i z a t i o n s sends r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s t o the A l b e r n l Memorial D i s t r i c t C e n t r e Community Committee, which governs the a o t i v i t i e s o f the C e n t r e , and  contributes  f i n a n c i a l l y t o i t s maintenance.  F u r t h e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s were  made by the C i t y o f A l b e r n i , The  C i t y of P o r t A l b e r n i , t h e  P r o v i n c i a l Department of R e o r e a t i o n Company d u r i n g the y e a r  1945~4-6«  and t h e Empire  Stevedoring  I n f o r m a t i o n was a v a i l a b l e  as t o whether t h e s e l a t t e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s a r e r e p r e s e n t e d committee or n o t . yet.  The  The  c o n s t i t u t i o n has not been f o r m u l a t e d  objectives are:  r e c r e a t i o n and  on  "To  the as  sponsor and d e v e l o p wholesome  t o p r o v i d e f a c i l i t i e s and l e a d e r s h i p f o r t h i s  program". S p e c i a l p r o j e c t s o f the A s s o c i a t i o n a r e the c r e a t i o n of the p a r k g r a n d s t a n d s , o i v i c a r e n a , j u n i o r and  senior high  school, c i v i c oentre, children's parks. The  Committee aots as sponsor f o r a l a r g e s p o r t s  program, c o n c e r t s , d i s c u s s i o n g r o u p s , boys'and g i r l s ' work and a t e e n town.  These a r e s e l f - g o v e r n i n g groups w i t h  t i o n on t h e committee.  The t e e n town, whioh numbers t h r e e hun-  d r e d , i s a s o c i a l c l u b as w e l l as a s e r v i c e c l u b . i t s own  c o u n c i l and the c o u n c i l a p p o i n t s  t e e n town.  representa-  At the p r e s e n t  Other o r g a n i z e d  the a d v i s o r f o r the  time the R e o r e a t i o n  i n t h i s c a p a c i t y at the request  It elects  Direotor  aots  of t h e c o u n c i l .  r e c r e a t i o n i n c l u d e s Boy S c o u t s  and  G i r l G u i d e s , sponsored by t h e Scout and Guide A s s o c i a t i o n s , Women's Keep F i t C l a s s e s , sponsored by t h e P r o v i n c i a l Reoreat i o n Department, drama and music by t h e s c h o o l s and s p e c i a l  71. dances, c a r n i v a l s and t h e f a l l f a i r sponsored by t h e  service  clubs. F a c i l i t i e s at the present  t i m e i n c l u d e R.O.O.M.Q.  H a l l , whioh has an assembly h a l l w i t h a c a p a c i t y o f two and.  thous-  S e a t i n g accommodation o o n s i s t s o f benches w i t h b a c k s .  There a r e a c a f e t e r i a , two  o l u b rooms, k i t o h e n , coke b a r ,  o f f i c e and s t a g e i n t h i s b u i l d i n g .  O t h e r army h u t s have been  adapted f o r s p e c i a l a c t i v i t i e s ; i . e . , t e e n town, a r c h e r y , games room, danoe f l o o r , model c r a f t . The employed l e a d e r s h i p o o n s i s t s o f a D i r e c t o r , who  has had  t r a i n i n g i n the Y . M . Q . ^ ,  Reoreation a n  a seven  y e a r s ' e x p e r i e n c e , and a f u l l time p h y s i c a l e d u c a t i o n i n s t r u c tor  with teacher t r a i n i n g .  the A s s o c i a t i o n .  responsible to  There i s a l s o a p a r t - t i m e women's p h y s i o a l  e d u o a t i o n i n s t r u c t o r who and who  B o t h a r e p a i d by and  has t e a c h e r ' s t r a i n i n g and  experience  i s r e s p o n s i b l e t o t h e A s s o c i a t i o n , but p a i d by  P r o v i n c i a l R e o r e a t i o n Department.  the  About 75 v o l u n t e e r s , s u p e r -  v i s e d by the d i r e c t o r , g i v e l e a d e r s h i p i n c l u b s , i n t e r e s t groups and mass programs. The  recreational activities i n Alberni indicate a  good community s p i r i t and demonstrate t h a t A l b e r n i r e s i d e n t s are a c t i v e l y concerned t o d e v e l o p program and f a c i l i t i e s meet t h e needs of t h e oommunity.  A temporary s t r u c t u r e has  been s e t up t h r o u g h which groups w i d e l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of oommunity a r e o o - o r d i n a t i n g program and ing  new  ones.  to  resources  the  and: d e v e l o p -  I t also provides opportunity f o r p a r t i c i p a n t s  i n t h e program t o p l a n and  to create p o l i c y .  72. A permanent s t r u c t u r e , p l a c i n g the o e n t r e on a sound f i n a n c i a l b a s i s , p r o v i d i n g f o r a maximum of s e l f - g o v e r n m e n t and  r e l a t e d t o a c o - o r d i n a t i n g c o u n c i l , has  s t i l l t o be  devel-  oped • The  government of t h e o e n t r e by a c o u n c i l  represen-  t a t i v e o f suoh w i d e l y d i f f e r e n t i n t e r e s t s and p a r t i c i p a t i n g groups seems t o i n d i c a t e c o n f u s i o n centre.  as t o t h e o b j e c t i v e s o f t h e  I t would seem t h a t the o e n t r e i s a n a t u r a l u n i t  s h o u l d be developed as suoh.  and  I f a structure suited to t h i s  purpose were p r o v i d e d , the t o t a l u n i t could be r e l a t e d t o t h e C o u n c i l and t h e f i n a n c i a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e and p r o g r a m a t i o a s pects of the centre's defined  growth o o u l d p r o c e e d a l o n g more c l e a r l y  lines.  P r i n c e Rupert P r i n c e Rupert i s B.C.'s most n o r t h e r l y s e a p o r t . c h i e f i n d u s t r i e s a r e f i s h i n g and of  8,100,  and  logging.  I t has a  elementary s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n o f  s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n o f 443.  675  population  a n d  a  high  Commercial r e c r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s of  a t h e a t r e , a b o w l i n g a l l e y , a r o l l e r s k a t i n g r i n k and pool  The  two  halls. Mt.  Clymount P a r k , w h i c h i s managed by the  Centre A s s o c i a t i o n and t h e Gyro C l u b , was y e a r s ago.  I t has  Two  established several  equipment f o r c h i l d r e n ' s p l a y , outdoor  s p o r t s and p i c n i c s . equipment.  Civic  There a r e two  other p a r k s w i t h s i m i l a r  r e o r e a t i o n w o r k e r s , and v o l u n t e e r s  supervise  73. a c t i v i t i e s i n these p a r k s . R e c r e a t i o n programs a r e l a r g e l y c e n t r e d i n the Centre.  There a r e 480  a d u l t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n P r o Reo  grams sponsored by t h e C i v i c C e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n . grams sponsored  by t h e A s s o c i a t i o n I n c l u d e :  Civic  pro-  Other  pro-  the L i t t l e The-  a t r e , t h e C i v i c Band, a Symphony, and a b a s k e t b a l l a s s o c i a t i o n . Membership i n t h e s e groups approximates sponsor  two hundred.  Churches  s c o u t s and G u i d e s , which meet i n c h u r c h h a l l s and have  a membership o f 155*  N a t i o n a l F i l m Board showings a r e h e l d  w e e k l y , and t h e r e a r e a R a d i o Forum group, a d i s c u s s i o n group and a d r a m a t i c group. The C i v i c C e n t r e b u i l d i n g was v a l u e d a t $200,000. o f 720.  opened-in  1946  and i s  There i s an assembly h a l l w i t h a c a p a c i t y  There i s a w e l l - e q u i p p e d s t a g e , l a d i e s  l o u n g e , games  1  room, two committee rooms, t h r e e o f f i c e s , p u b l i c l i b r a r y , adu l t l o u n g e , a hobby room, camera c l u b d a r k  room,solarium,  showers, k i t c h e n , coke b a r and c a f e t e r i a .  There I s equipment  a v a i l a b l e f o r b a s k e t b a l l , v o l l e y b a l l , badminton.  *n a d d i t i o n  t o t h e main a u d i t o r i u m t h e r e i s a s e p a r a t e w e l l - e q u i p p e d gymnasium.  T h i s has a s e a t i n g c a p a c i t y of 75°  b a s k e t b a l l , and of 1,100  r  ®iah s p o r t s as  f o r w r e s t l i n g or b o x i n g matches.  a s s o c i a t i o n a l s o owns and  o p e r a t e s t h e R o o s e v e l t Gym,  s i x b l o c k s away from t h e C i v i c C e n t r e . games 120  f°  which i s  I t has f l o o r space f o r  f e e t l o n g and s i x t y f e e t w i d e , and s e a t i n g f o r The A s s o c i a t i o n employs a s t a f f o f f i v e .  managing s e c r e t a r y who  has s i x t e e n y e a r s  a r e c r e a t i o n a l d i r e c t o r who  The  1  1500.  There i s a  business experience,  has had t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e i n  74. physical education,  an o f f i c e worker and a j a n i t o r .  mately f i f t y volunteers The  a s s i s t the  staff.  O i v i c C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n was  p o r a t e d i n 1941.  I t has  Approxi-  formed and  incor-  a membership o f e l e v e n hundred. O f f -  i c e r s a r e e l e c t e d a t the annual m e e t i n g . v i c e - p r e s i d e n t , s e c r e t a r y , t r e a s u r e r and  They a r e  president,  s i x committee c h a i r -  men. No i n f o r m a t i o n was  a v a i l a b l e as t o how  p o l i c y f o r the a s s o c i a t i o n i s e v o l v e d .  The  p r o g r a m and  l a r g e membership  and numbers p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h e program suggest t h a t a somewhat c o m p l i o a t e d o r g a n i z a t i o n would be n e c e s s a r y i f members are t o have the o p p o r t u n i t y  of e x p r e s s i n g t h e i r needs and i n -  terests. The  C i v i c C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n a l s o s e r v e s as a comm-  u n i t y p l a n n i n g group.  Such s e r v i c e c l u b s as t h e Kinsmen's  C l u b , t h e Gyro C l u b , t h e J u n i o r Board o f T r a d e , t h e Co-operat i v e W e l f a r e and E d u c a t i o n Group and resented.  rep-  I t s o b j e c t i v e s a r e the development of oommunity  recreation. a n c i n g and  the C i t y Council are  The  A s s o c i a t i o n has been concerned w i t h the  o p e r a t i n g o f the C i v i c C e n t r e and  now  p l a n s t o e r e o t a swimming p o o l and b o w l i n g a l l e y . i n f o r m a t i o n was administered.  a v a i l a b l e as t o how Nor was  fin-  i s making Again  no  t h e s e funds a r e r a i s e d  and  i n f o r m a t i o n a v a i l a b l e as t o the manner  i n i n which t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n of the A s s o o i a t i o n i s adapted t o i t s dual  functions.  75Kami oops  1  Kamioops  i s s i t u a t e d a t the  South Thompson R i v e r s . b o t h the C.N,  and  a large ranching thousand.  The  CP. and  j u n c t i o n of North  and  I t i s a r a i l r o a d d i v i s i o n a l point  for  r a i l r o a d s and farming area.  the commercial o e n t r e f o r Population  elementary s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n  h i g h s c h o o l 75°•  t o t a l s eight  i s 1250,  and  the  Commercial r e o r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s of one  thea-  t r e , a h o w l i n g a l l e y , two p o o l h a l l s , a r o l l e r r i n k and  an  ice skating rink* The  c i t y P a r k s Board o p e r a t e s R i v e r s i d e P a r k .  has f a c i l i t i e s f o r s o f t b a l l , b a s e b a l l , f o o t b a l l and and  It  swimming,  suoh p l a y equipment as s w i n g s , and merry-go-rounds. Organ-  ized r e c r e a t i o n i s centred p a i d i n s t r u c t o r s and  around the p a r k *  There a r e  four  a p p r o x i m a t e l y s i x t e e n hundred p a r t i c i -  p a n t s i n t h e v a r i o u s s p o r t s programs* ' sports.  R e c r e a t i o n a l programs a r e l a r g e l y i n t h e f i e l d There a r e :  of  a Kami oops A t h l e t i c A s s o c i a t i o n , which  employs a f u l l - t i m e s p o r t s d i r e c t o r , Box L a c r o s s e A s s o c i a t i o n , S o f t b a l l A s s o c a t i o n , Hockey A s s o c i a t i o n . a L i t t l e T h e a t r e Croup and  In a d d i t i o n there i s  t h e Kamloops A t h l e t i c A s s o c i a t i o n  sponsors N a t i o n a l F i l m Board showings monthly* F a o i l i t i e s i n c l u d e the Kamloops A t h l e t i c A s s o c i a t i o n H a l l which i s managed by t h a t A s s o c i a t i o n , the E l k s H a l l , w h i c h has  1*  See  an a u d i t o r i u m  Appendix.  w i t h c a p a c i t y f o r 650.  There i s a l s o a  76. s p a c i o u s basement room w i t h a s t a g e and a k i t c h e n .  Both b u i l d -  i n g s a r e equipped f o r i n d o o r s p o r t s . The Eamloops and D i s t r i c t M e m o r i a l S o c i e t y was o r ganized and i n c o r p o r a t e d i n 1944* hundred.  I t h a s a membership o f s i x  Pees a r e one d o l l a r p e r y e a r .  Officers are elected  a n n u a l l y and have a f f i l i a t i o n s w i t h suoh o r g a n i z a t i o n s a s t h e E l k s , Kinsmen. R o t a r y , L e g i o n . S c h o o l B o a r d , t h e C i t y o f Kaml o o p s , and t h e S t u d e n t s entative capacity.  1  C o u n c i l , b u t do n o t a o t i n a r e p r e s -  The o b j e c t i v e o f t h e s o c i e t y i s "to p r o -  mote s p o r t and oommunity l i f e " .  Towards t h e s e o b j e c t i v e s t h e  S o c i e t y has r a i s e d $190,000 f o r t h e e r e c t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g . Kamloops h a s a l r e a d y developed a s p o r t s program i n w h i c h l a r g e numbers a r e p a r t i c i p a t i n g , the S o c i e t y has support  as a r e s u l t of t h i s  f o r i t s b u i l d i n g fund.  i n t e r e s t has a l r e a d y been a r o u s e d .  In this  area  Closer relationships with  o t h e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s i n t h e community would d i s c l o s e o t h e r needs and i n t e r e s t s .  I f a group were d e v e l o p e d f o r t h i s  pur-  pose p l a n n i n g f o r t h e f u t u r e oould p r o c e e d a l o n g b r o a d e r l i n e s and more c o n c r e t e s h o r t range o b j e c t i v e s c o u l d be evolved.  These would c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e l o n g range o b j e c t i v e  s t a t e d by t h e S o c i e t y .  Chilliwack Ohilliwack i s the l a r g e s t c i t y i n the Fraser V a l l e y area.  I t i s t h e o e n t r e o f a f e r t i l e f a r m i n g area and has a  p o p u l a t i o n of twenty thousand.  The e l e m e n t a r y s o h o o l  77. population and.  i s twenty-four hundred, t h e h i g h school  one t h o u s -  Commercial r e o r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f a t h e a t r e , t w o h o w l -  i n g a l l e y s , f i v e p o o l h a l l s and a r o l l e r s k a t i n g The  rink.  a g r i c u l t u r a l g r o u n d s , managed by t h e C i t y and Mun-  i c i p a l i t y of C h i l l i w a c k , serve as a park area,  Here t h e r e a r e  f a c i l i t i e s for a l l field  sports.  There i s no c h i l d r e n s  equipment and no s t a f f .  There a r e o t h e r f i e l d s a t Y a r r o w and  1  i t o h e l i t z , whioh a r e k e p t up b y t h o s e i n t e r e s t e d . grounds a l s o p r o v i d e  f i e l d accommodation.  The s o h o o l  A park a t Cultus  L a k e , a r e s o r t o l o s e t o C h i l l i w a c k , has some c h i l d r e n ' s facilities.  play  play  Organized r e c r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s mostly o f a t h l e t i c  clubs. There a r e numerous s m a l l h a l l s i n t h e O h i l l i w a o k area.  The a g r i c u l t u r a l H a l l i n O h i l l i w a o k has c a p a c i t y f o r a  thousand. chen.  I t has a s t a g e , d r e s s i n g rooms, showers and k i t -  I n C h i l l i w a c k t h e r e a r e a l s o two c h u r c h h a l l s and a  s c h o o l gymnasium.  There a r e oommunity h a l l s i n S a r d i s  a c i t y seven h u n d r e d ) , Cheam ( t h r e e h u n d r e d ) , F a i r f i e l d hundred) , a o h e l i t z ( s e v e n hundred), and Ryder L a k e .  (three  There i s  s e a t i n g accommodation i n a l l h a l l s and games a r e p l a y e d the equipment p r o v i d e d  (cap-  with  by t h e l o c a l a s s o c i a t i o n s .  There i s no oommunity c e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n i n C h i l l i wack.  However, a group h a s r e c e n t l y been o r g a n i z e d  purpose o f b u i l d i n g a oommunity c e n t r e .  f o r the  78. Cranbrook Cranbrook, i n t h e s o u t h e a s t s e c t i o n o f t h e p r o v i n c e , i s a d i v i s i o n a l p o i n t f o r t h e K e t t l e V a l l e y B r a n c h o f the Canadian P a c i f i c R a i l r o a d . The  population  is  3»3 » 00  being s i x hundred.  Lumbering i s an i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r y . the elementary school  population  Commercial r e o r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f one  t h e a t r e , a b o w l i n g a l l e y , an i c e r i n k and two p o o l  halls.  B a k e r P a r k i s managed b y t h e c i t y and has f a c i l i t i e s f o r baseb a l l and s o f t b a l l and a swimming p o o l . employed i n t h e swimming s e a s o n . Children's  Two l i f e g u a r d s a r e  There i s a l s o a R o t a r y  Park. There i s no community c e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n o r o e n t r e  i n Cranbrook.  Organized r e o r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f Scouts, Guides,  Brownies, a boys  1  band and a g i r l s ' b u g l e band.  E a s t Kootenay F i n e A r t s A s s o c i a t i o n , an A t h l e t i c  There i s an Association,  a Texas Ranger Group, a d i s c u s s i o n g r o u p , a d r a m a t i c c l u b and three sports  clubs.  F a c i l i t i e s f o r r e o r e a t i o n i n c l u d e an a u d i t o r i u m aged by t h e t h e a t r e p r o p r i e t o r .  I t has a s e a t i n g c a p a c i t y f o r  f o u r hundred, s t a g e , d r e s s i n g rooms and k i t c h e n . f o u r other h a l l s —  man-  There a r e  Knights o f P y t h i a s H a l l , Masonic H a l l ,  Armouries, High School Auditorium  and A n g l i c a n C h u r c h H a l l .  There i s no s o c i a l p l a n n i n g  group f o r t h e community.  A c t i v e o r g a n i z a t i o n s a r e : t h e Women's I n s t i t u t e , t h e Board o f T r a d e , R o t a r y , G y r o , t h e K n i g h t s o f P y t h i a s , S t a g e t t e s , Scandi n a v i a n C l u b , C.P.R. S o c i a l C l u b , I.O.D.E., I . 0 . 0 . P . , Canadian  79. L e g i o n , and the Farmer's  Institute.  Summerland Summerland i s s i t u a t e d i n the Okanagan V a l l e y near Penticton.  F r u i t growing i s t h e main i n d u s t r y o f t h e oommunity  and p o p u l a t i o n  totals  3»5°°.  Commercial r e o r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f  a t h e a t r e , b o w l i n g a l l e y , p o o l h a l l and. two i c e s k a t i n g The Memorial A s s o c i a t i o n P a r k s Committee  rinks.  established  i n 1946 now manages t h e Summerland Memorial P a r k and P l a y i n g Field.  There a r e f a c i l i t i e s f o r b a s e b a l l , s o f t b a l l , f o o t b a l l ,  field  s p o r t s , i o e hookey, r o l l e r s k a t i n g , chequers and t h e r e i s  a wading p o o l f o r o h i l d r e n . O r g a n i z e d r e o r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f a l a r g e number o f sports clubs.  These i n c l u d e badminton and t e n n i s c l u b s , b a s -  k e t b a l l , baseball, golf, bowling, skiing.  The A.O.T.S* spon-  sor hockey and b a s e b a l l f o r boys ages t e n t o f i f t e e n , and are one hundred and f i f t y . p a r t i c i p a n t s i n t h i s program* i s a N a t i o n a l F i l m Board showing monthly* a l s o s e r v e d by a t r a v e l l i n g  there There  The oommunity i a  library*  Buildings available f o r recreation include  Ellison  H a l l , which i s managed by t h e C a n a d i a n L e g i o n , and w h i c h has a n assembly h a l l w i t h a c a p a c i t y o f f o u r hundred, s t a g e , k i t chen and r i f e range i n t h e basement; and O d d f e l l o w s H a l l ; and a Legion H a l l *  80. Nelson •  Nelson  1  i s t h e p r i n c i p a l c i t y of the Kootenay a r e a .  I t i s the commercial c e n t r e of an important I t s population i s approximately  7.600.  o o n s i s t s o f two t h e a t r e s , two h o w l i n g and  mining d i s t r i c t .  Commercial r e o r e a t i o n a l l e y s , three pool h a l l s  an i c e r i n k . There are t h r e e p a r k s managed hy t h e C i t y o f N e l s o n ,  the C i v i c Reoreation  Grounds, L a k e s i d e  P a r k and Gyro C l u b . They  have f a o i l i t i e s and equipment f o r s o f t b a l l , t e n n i s , b a s e b a l l , f o o t b a l l , t r a c k s p o r t s and c r i c k e t . c o n s i s t s of s w i n g s , t e e t e r t o t t e r s ,  C h i l d r e n ' s p l a y equipment s l i d e s , merry-go-rounds.  A o t i v i t i e s a r e s u p e r v i s e d by a c i t y a t h l e t i c d i r e c t o r , the a s s i s t a n c e of a swimming i n s t r u c t o r , a l i f e g u a r d  with  and  three  volunteers. The adequate.  f a c i l i t i e s f o r r e c r e a t i o n i n N e l s o n seem t o  The  Nelson C i v i c Centre i s valued  i s managed by t h e a t h l e t i c d i r e c t o r .  at  I t has an  $350,000  be and  auditorium  w i t h s e a t i n g f o r 860 and w i t h t h e a t r e o h a i r s , s t a g e , l i b r a r y , k i t c h e n , coke b a r , o f f i c e , and s p e c i a l rooms f o r p h o t o g r a p h y and  crafts.  There i s equipment f o r g y m n a s t i c s , b a s k e t b a l l ,  l a c r o s s e , hookey and t r a o k and  field sports.  Other  faoilities  i n t h e c i t y i n c l u d e a c i v i c s t a d i u m , two t e n n i s c o u r t s , p l a y g r o u n d s , a swimming p o o l and a wading p o o l .  1.  See Appendix Page 102  two  81, The l a r g e s t r e o r e a t i o n program i s s p o n s o r e d "by t h e R e o r e a t i o n Commission o f t h e o i t y o f N e l s o n ,  I t has f i v e  thousand p a r t i c i p a n t s , ages t h r e e t o f i f t y , and i s s u p e r v i s e d by t h e a t h l e t i c d i r e c t o r , a s s i s t e d b y e i g h t v o l u n t e e r s .  The  P r o v i n c i a l R e o r e a t i o n Department sponsors programs w h i o h have f i v e hundred p a r t i c i p a n t s , ages t h r e e t o f i f t y , and whioh a r e o r g a n i z e d by an employed l e a d e r . and v a r i o u s c h u r c h g r o u p s , are  There a r e S c o u t s , G u i d e s  a s t u d y group and a d r a m a t i c group  a o t i v e and use t h e r e s o u r c e s o f t h e U n i v e r s i t y E x t e n s i o n  Department. The two main r e o r e a t i o n programs a r e mass programs and w e l l a t t e n d e d .  No i n f o r m a t i o n was a v a i l a b l e about t h e o r -  g a n i z a t i o n o f t h e C e n t r e or i t s management*  82.  Chapter Sight - Small  Communities  Invermere I n v e r m e r e , w h i c h i s s i t u a t e d i n t h e Windermere V a l l e y , has a l a r g e t o u r i s t t r a d e d u r i n g t h e summer months. Its  o h i e f i n d u s t r i e s a r e l u m b e r i n g and f a r m i n g .  I t has a pop-  u l a t i o n o f f i f t e e n hundred, an e l e m e n t a r y s o h o o l of 160, and a h i g h s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n o f f o r t y .  population The o n l y form  of commercial r e o r e a t i o n i s an i c e s k a t i n g r i n k ,  ithalmer,  about a m i l e away f r o m I n v e r m e r e , has f a c i l i t i e s f o r b a s e b a l l and f o o t b a l l .  The grounds a r e managed by the Windermere D i s t -  r i c t Farmers' I n s t i t u t e . O r g a n i z e d r e c r e a t i o n i n c l u d e s a Boy Scout group w h i c h meets i n t h e H o t e l Invermere H a l l , Guides and B r o w n i e s and a H o s p i t a l L a d i e s ' A i d , whioh meet i n homes, t h e Women's I n s t i t u t e w h i c h meets i n t h e H o t e l h a l l and s e v e r a l c h u r c h groups. The Invermere M e m o r i a l Committee was formed i n 1940 f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f r a i s i n g f u n d s f o r t h e e r e c t i o n o f a memorial community c e n t r e . movies and dances. t h i s summer.  These funds were r a i s e d by p u b l i c d o n a t i o n s , A C e n t r e v a l u e d at  The p r e s e n t  $15,000  was  completed  c o n s t r u c t i o n i n c l u d e s an assembly  h a l l which w i l l accommodate f o u r h u n d r e d , a temporary s t a g e , committee rooms, o f f i c e , banquet room, oheok room, d r e s s i n g rooms, coke b a r and k i t c h e n .  The second u n i t w h i c h i s t o be  c o n s t r u c t e d l a t e r , w i l l i n c l u d e a t h e a t r e w i t h a permanent  83. s t a g e , l i b r a r y , l a r g e r banquet room, o f f i c e and committee rooms. When t h e f i r s t u n i t i s completed a m e e t i n g o f a oommunity o e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n i s t o be c a l l e d , o f f i c e r s a r e to. be e l e e t e d .  T h i s group i s t o be r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e manage-  ment and o p e r a t i o n o f t h e b u i l d i n g . those o f t h e committee; namely:  I t s o b j e c t i v e s a r e t o be  "To f o s t e r and d e v e l o p s u c h  communal a c t i v i t i e s i n t h e d i s t r i c t as t h e y may f r o m t i m e t o t i m e c o n s i d e r would be o f advantage t o t h e community"•  There  was no i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g proposed^program or l e a d e r s h i p . A p p a r e n t l y t h i s i s t o be t h e work o f t h e a s s o c i a t i o n .  The use  o f a committee t o e r e o t a o e n t r e and t o e n l i s t p u b l i c s u p p o r t and i n t e r e s t i n t h e p r o j e c t and t h e t u r n i n g over o f t h e p r o j e c t t o t h o s e i n t e r e s t e d has proved a s u c c e s s f u l method f o r t h e development o f a c e n t r e .  Sooke Sooke, a s m a l l oommunity w i t h a p o p u l a t i o n o f e i g h t een h u n d r e d , i s s i t u a t e d on t h e southwest c o r n e r o f Vancouver Island.  The c h i e f i n d u s t r i e s a r e f i s h i n g and l o g g i n g .  e r c i a l reoreation consists of a pool h a l l .  Comm-  There i s a b a l l  p a r k w h i c h i s managed by t h e Sooke A t h l e t i c A s s o c i a t i o n . O r g a n i z e d programs f o r c h i l d r e n c o n s i s t o f S c o u t s and W o l f Cubs sponsored b y t h e Canadian L e g i o n and h e l d i n t h e Community H a l l and Guides and Brownies sponsored b y the Women's I n s t i t u t e and h e l d i n t h e h i g h s c h o o l .  For a d u l t s there are  84. A t h l e t i c , Badminton and R i f l e C l u b s .  N a t i o n a l F i l m Board  showings a r e h e l d t w i o e monthly i n t h e Community H a l l . oommunity o r g a n i z a t i o n s  i n c l u d e a Women's I n s t i t u t e , a Farmer's  I n s t i t u t e , a Canadian L e g i o n and a P a r e n t - T e a c h e r s  Association.  1  There i s a oommunity o e n t r e o r g a n i z a t i o n . founded and  incorporated  Betterment".  in  1935*  It  was  I*s o b j e c t i v e i s "Community  i n 1936  Towards t h i s end  h a l l which has  Other  i t erected  a community  an assembly h a l l w i t h s e a t i n g c a p a c i t y f o r  hundred, a s t a g e , a d i n i n g room and k i t c h e n . equipment f o r b a s k e t b a l l and b a d m i n t o n , a membership o f 250.  t h e a s s o c i a t i o n has  f i n a n c e d by i t s f e e s w h i c h a r e one  There i s s p o r t s  at the present t i m e The  association i s  dollar a year, rental of  the h a l l and t h e p r o c e e d s f r o m v a r i o u s f u n c t i o n s . erned by n i n e d i r e c t o r s who  eight  I t i s gov-  are e l e c t e d a t t h e a n n u a l m e e t i n g .  Youbou Youbou, s i t u a t e d on Cowiohan Lake i n o e n t r a l Vanoouver I s l a n d , has  a population  entary sohool population t i o n of one hundred.  of f o u r t e e n h u n d r e d , an  of two hundred, h i g h s c h o o l  elem-  popula-  Lumbering i s t h e c h i e f i n d u s t r y . Youbou  i s l a r g e l y a company town.  There i s a l s o an u n o r g a n i z e d p r i v -  a t e l y owned s e c t i o n . The p a r k was  o n l y commercial r e o r e a t i o n i s t h e t h e a t r e .  established i n  1945*  b a s e b a l l , s o f t b a l l , t r a c k and ladders  and  Here t h e r e a r e f a o i l i t i e s field  s p o r t s , and  A for  swings, r i n g s ,  t e e t e r t o t t e r s . There i s a D i r e c t o r o f  Recreation  85. who s u p e r v i s e s who  a c t i v i t i e s , the teachers  and o t h e r  volunteers  a s s i s t w i t h t h e program. The r e o r e a t i o n o f t h e oommunity i s sponsored by t h e  Department tion*  o f P r o v i n c i a l R e c r e a t i o n and the Community A s s o c i a -  There a r e Keep F i t c l a s s e s , b o x i n g , w r e s t l i n g and  self  d e f e n s e c l a s s e s , hobby g r o u p s , a d r a m a t i c group, s o f t b a l l teams and monthly N a t i o n a l F i l m Board showings* The Community C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n has 850 members*  It  i s s e l f - g o v e r n i n g and t h e seven o f f i c e r s a r e e l e c t e d by b a l l o t annually*  The f e e s i n t h e A s s o c i a t i o n a r e p a i d by an  wage d e d u c t i o n system*  employee  The A s s o c i a t i o n a l s o has some inoome  from h a l l r e n t a l s * The Community H a i l i s managed by t h e A s s o c i a t i o n * I t has an assembly h a l l , w i t h c a p a c i t y f o r one t h o u s a n d , d i n i n g room, k i t c h e n and o f f i c e .  stage,  There i s equipment f o r bas-  k e t b a l l , badminton, v o l l e y b a l l , f l o o r hookey, t u m b l i n g , nastics*  The D i r e c t o r o f R e o r e a t i o n  f o r t h e whole community* Department tion.  gym-  i s i n oharge o f r e o r e a t i o n  He i s r e s p o n s i b l e t o and p a i d by t h e  of P r o v i n c i a l Reoreation  and t h e Community A s s o o i a -  The o t h e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s a c t i v e i n t h e community a r e the  I n t e r n a t i o n a l Woodworkers o f A m e r i c a U n i o n and i t s a u x i l i a r y , T e c h n o c r a t s , and t h r e e women's s e r v i c e c l u b s * Youbou i s the o n l y s m a l l town whioh i n d i c a t e s t h a t i t employs a r e o r e a t i o n w o r k e r *  The a c t i v i t i e s o u t l i n e d , and t h e  p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n the A s s o c i a t i o n , show t h a t the community has had guidance i n t h e development  o f a r e o r e a t i o n a l program*  86. F u l f o r d Harbour F u l f o r d Harbour I s s m a l l e r t h a n Sooke and i s s i t u a t e d on S a l t S p r i n g I s l a n d .  There i s one s m a l l p l a y g r o u n d f o r  c h i l d r e n equipped w i t h s w i n g s .  Organized r e c r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s  o f a Badminton 01ub, S o f t b a l l Team and Women's I n s t i t u t e . There a r e o c c a s i o n a l N a t i o n a l F i l m Board showings and t h e oommunity has t h e s e r v i c e s o f a t r a v e l l i n g l i b r a r y . The F u l f o r d Community H i l a s s o c i a t i o n has a l o n g history.  I t b u i l t a oommunity h a l l i n 1925. T h i s b u i l d i n g  has a l a r g e assembly h a l l , a d i n i n g room and k i t o h e n . i s equipment f o r b a s k e t b a l l and badminton.  There  Officers of the  A s s o c i a t i o n number s e v e n and t h e y a r e e l e c t e d e v e r y two y e a r s . Funds, t e n p e r c e n t o f whioh go i n t o a S i n k i n g Fund, a r e r a i s e d by s u b s c r i p t i o n s and d a n c e s .  M i l l Bay M i l l Bay, s i t u a t e d on t h e s o u t h e r n end o f Vancouver I s l a n d , has a p o p u l a t i o n  o f 397» an e l e m e n t a r y s o h o o l p o p u l a 0  t i o n o f twenty-five  and h i g h s o h o o l p o p u l a t i o n  c h i e f i n d u s t r y i s a cement works. Board monthly and a JTXnion l i b r a r y .  o f seven. I t s  There i s a N a t i o n a l The o r g a n i z a t i o n s  Film active  i n t h e community are. t h e Women's I n s t i t u t e , Farmer's I n s t i t u t e , Board o f T r a d e , F i s h and Game A s s o c i a t i o n and t h e Women's Auxiliary.  The Masonic H a l l i s a v a i l a b l e f o r r e c r e a t i o n a l p u r p o s -  es on a r e n t a l b a s i s .  I t h a s an assembly h a l l and k i t c h e n .  87The  Community C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n , founded i n  has a membership o f f i f t y - s e v e n . ment o f a l l m a t t e r s all".  1945,  I t s purpose i s "the advance-  o f community i n t e r e s t f o r the w e l f a r e o f  Towards t h i s end i t has s t a r t e d a b u i l d i n g f u n d .  i s a membership f e e of one d o l l a r and  There,  other f u n d s a r e r a i s e d by  means o f c o n c e r t s , c a r d p a r t i e s and b a z a a r s .  The  officers, a  p r e s i d e n t , v i c e - p r e s i d e n t , s e c r e t a r y - t r e a s u r e r , and committee a r e e l e c t e d by b a l l o t a t t h e annual  executive  meeting.  Ashoroft A s h o r o f t i s an a g r i c u l t u r a l town s i t u a t e d on t h e Thompson R i v e r , west o f Kamloops.  I t has a p o p u l a t i o n of 75°,  t a r y s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n o f 110 twenty.  an  &  a n  elemen-  and h i g h s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n o f  Commercial r e c r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f a t h e a t r e and  pool h a l l s .  There a r e no p a r k s or playgrounds  but  Owned v a c a n t  l a n d i s u s e d f o r b a s e b a l l and t e n n i s .  privately There a r e  f i v e s p o r t s c l u b s - J u n i o r and S e n i o r Badminton C l u b s , b a s k e t b a l l , b a s e b a l l and t e n n i s c l u b s *  oommunity h a l l , v a l u e  A s h o r o f t S c h o o l Board*  and  N a t i o n a l F i l m Board  showings a r e h e l d m o n t h l y and t h e r e i s a t r a v e l l i n g The  two  $2,500,  library*  i s managed by  the  I t has an assembly h a l l , lodgeroom,  k i t c h e n and washroom f a c i l i t i e s *  There i s equipment f o r  b a s k e t b a l l and badminton* There i s no oommunity o e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n i n e x i s t ence a t t h e present,, but one i s b e i n g o r g a n i z e d f o r t h e pose o f b u i l d i n g a swimming p o o l *  The  pur-  oommunity o r g a n i z a t i o n s  88. a r e t h e Board of T r a d e , Canadian L e g i o n , E l k s , B u s i n e s s and P r o f e s s i o n a l Women's Club and the I.O.G.P.  Dawson C i t y Dawson C i t y i s s i t u a t e d i n t h e Yukon ( T e r r i t o r y . The p r i n c i p a l occupation i s gold mining. t i o n o f 121.  I t has a s o h o o l p o p u l a -  There i s one p l a y i n g f i e l d i n the a r e a and a  swimming p o o l whioh i s managed by a b u s i n e s s men's committee and k e p t up by t h e power p l a n t w o r k e r s on a v o l u n t a r y b a s i s . There i s a r e l a t i v e l y l a r g e number of o r g a n i z e d groups i n the community.  There a r e b o y s ' c l u b s , t h e Dawson  Y o u t h C o r p o r a t i o n , a C u r l i n g C l u b , s o f t b a l l teams of b o t h and g i r l s and a s k i c l u b . these groups*  men  V o l u n t e e r l e a d e r s work w i t h most o f  There i s a N a t i o n a l F i l m Board showing once a  week* The oommunity h a l l i s v a l u e d a t $5,000.. and i s managed by a c o r p o r a t i o n of s h a r e h o l d e r s .  I t has an assembly  h a l l w i t h a c a p a c i t y o f f o u r hundred, s t a g e , c l o a k room and d i n i n g room, d r e s s i n g rooms and a p r o j e c t i n g ' room. equipment  There i s  f o r b a s k e t b a l l , v o l l e y b a l l and badminton. The o r g a n i z a t i o n s w h i c h a r e a c t i v e i n t h e community  are the I.O.D.E., Chamber o f M i n e s , Dawson Youth C o r p o r a t i o n and t h e Dawson M i n e r s  1  Union.  89. MoBride M o B r i d e , w i t h a p o p u l a t i o n o f 237, i s s i t u a t e d on t h e main l i n e  of t h e C.E.R. c l o s e t o t h e A l b e r t a b o r d e r .  c h i e f i n d u s t r i e s a r e l o g g i n g and a g r i c u l t u r e .  The  Commercial r e c -  r e a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f a t h e a t r e , p o o l h a l l and i c e s k a t i n g r i n k . T h e r e i s a b a l l p a r k managed by t h e E l k s and t h e c i v i c a d m i n i stration.  The E l k s g i v e s u p e r v i s i o n f o r some o f t h e a c t i v i t i e s Organized r e o r e a t i o n Includes T r a i l Rangers, a Jun-  i o r A t h l e t i c C l u b and a g i r l s ' c l u b .  S p e o i a l community p r o -  grams a r e sponsored by t h e E l k s on V i c t o r i a Day and J u l y 1 s t . The  o r g a n i z a t i o n s a c t i v e i n t h e oommunity a r e t h e Women's I n -  s t i t u t e , t h e Board o f Trade and t h e E l k s .  The c h u r c h h a l l and  t h e E l k s ' H a l l a r e a v a i l a b l e as m e e t i n g p l a c e s f o r t h e community.  Part  III  Conclusions  90. Chapter Nine - E v a l u a t i o n  Recent  Growth Members o f and groups i n communities  t o meet c o n s c i o u s needs. l a t e t h i s movement*  are organizing  There has been no e f f o r t t o s t i m u -  I t h a s oome from t h e p e o p l e t h e m s e l v e s .  The most commonly e x p r e s s e d need i s f o r more r e c r e a t i o n .  The  i n c r e a s i n g use and demand f o r t h e s e r v i c e s o f t h e p r o v i n c i a l a g e n c i e s i s an i n d i c a t i o n of t h i s need*  A l l o f these agencies  r e p o r t i n c r e a s e d demands, t h e need f o r more s t a f f and i n c r e a s ed enrolment o f i n d i v i d u a l s and groups u s i n g t h e s e r v i c e s o f f ered by them* I t i s f o r t h e purpose o f p r o v i d i n g more r e o r e a t i o n t h a t communities, o r groups w i t h i n them, have o r g a n i z e d t o r a i s e funds f o r t h e e r e c t i o n o f community o e n t r e b u i l d i n g s * Much has been a c c o m p l i s h e d * new b u i l d i n g s .  S e v e r a l communities have a c q u i r e d  Others have accumulated l a r g e b u i l d i n g f u n d s .  I n t h e f a c t t h a t t h e s e o r g a n i z a t i o n s have been c r e a t e d on a v o l u n t a r y , d e m o c r a t i c b a s i s , and i n t h e f a c t t h a t members o f t h e community a r e f i n d i n g s a t i s f a c t i o n i n them l i e s t h e p r o o f t h a t communities  a r e s e e k i n g a g e n c i e s , t h r o u g h which t h e y oan  o r g a n i z e t o meet t h e i r own ends. The concern f o r t h e f u t u r e l i e s i n whether t h e oommu n i t y o r g a n i z a t i o n s i n p r o c e s s o f development w i l l s e r v e t h e r e c r e a t i o n a l and s o c i a l needs o f t h e community and f o s t e r a sense o f oommunity by t h e c r e a t i o n o f a d e m o c r a t i c o r g a n i z a -  91. t i o n , t h r o u g h w h i c h t h e s e needs oan he met.  Criteria Certain general c r i t e r i a  were e v o l v e d  i n P a r t I , on  the b a s i s o f which;.the development o f community o e n t r e s he  oould  evaluated. These can be summarized as f o l l o w s •  A community  c e n t r e ' s p l a n n i n g should be shared by t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n s and agenoies which f u n c t i o n i n t h e community, so t h a t p l a n s based on knowledge o f the t o t a l needs and r e s o u r c e s ed.  can be  formulat-  F o r t h i s purpose an o r g a n i z a t i o n r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e  t o t a l community must be c r e a t e d and t h e community c e n t r e must be r e l a t e d t o i t .  The e r e c t i o n o f new f a c i l i t i e s and the u s e  of e x i s t i n g f a c i l i t i e s s h o u l d be the r e s u l t o f t h i s k i n d o f p l a n n i n g and c o - o r d i n a t i o n .  These f a c i l i t i e s  ed t o t h e purposes o f a community c e n t r e . activities  s h o u l d be adapt-  The program and  sponsored by the c e n t r e should be based on t h e  knowledge o f t h e e x i s t i n g r e s o u r c e s  and needs of the community.  The development o f t h i s program t o meet b r o a d e r i n t e r e s t s and t o p r o v i d e new e x p e r i e n c e s  f o r t h e p a r t i c i p a n t s i s dependent  on t h e s k i l l o f t r a i n e d s t a f f and t h e use o f v o l u n t e e r s .  Fin-  a l l y , a s t r u c t u r e must' be c r e a t e d so t h a t as many o f t h e members as d e s i r e c a n , t h r o u g h p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n s m a l l g r o u p s , c o u n c i l s and committees, have a p a r t i n p l a n n i n g program and formulating p o l i c y .  The development o f any o r g a n i z a t i o n  along  t h e s e l i n e s r e q u i r e s l e a d e r s h i p w i t h s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g and  knowledge of the oommunity, community o r g a n i z a t i o n ,  social  group work and r e o r e a t i o n .  Co-Ordinating  Councils  Some o f t h e community o e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n s  described  are a s s o c i a t e d w i t h c o - o r d i n a t i n g c o u n c i l s or groups whioh a r e d i s t i n c t from the s e v e r a l a s s o c i a t i o n s .  These i n c l u d e t h e  West End, N o r t h Vancouver and West V a n c o u v e r . a s i n g l e committee i n Invermere.  There has been  Now i t has c o m p l e t e d i t s  o r i g i n a l t a s k , t h e e r e c t i o n o f t h e o e n t r e b u i l d i n g and i t i n t e n d s t o s e t up a s e p a r a t e body charged w i t h of the oentre.  administration  a l b e r n i , N o r t h Burnaby and Burnaby L a k e -  Douglas Road have t h e f o l l o w i n g system:  there i s a single  c o u n c i l or committee whioh has two f u n c t i o n s , t h e c o - o r d i n a t ing  o f the work o f t h e s e v e r a l a g e n c i e s of t h e oommunity and  t h e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n of t h e c e n t r e . The e s t a b l i s h m e n t  o f a s i n g l e committee, r e p r e s e n t a -  t i v e o f the v a r i o u s agencies,  h a v i n g as i t s p r i n c i p a l and most  immediate t a s k t h e e r e c t i o n o f t h e o e n t r e b u i l d i n g i s a n a t u r a l development. finitely.  Such an arrangement should  not c o n t i n u e  inde-  I t does not l e n d i t s e l f t o adequate p a r t i c i p a t i o n  on t h e p a r t o f t h e groups p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h e o e n t r e program. There s h o u l d be a s e p a r a t e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e body o f t h e c e n t r e and i t should  be r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e s e g r o u p s .  On the o t h e r  hand, t h e l a r g e r committee r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e v a r i o u s c i e s s h o u l d be p r e s e r v e d .  Suoh a body c a n so c o - o r d i n a t e  agenthe  93* work of t h e v a r i o u s  a g e n o i e s as t o employ the t o t a l r e s o u r c e s  of t h e oommunity more e c o n o m i c a l l y .  Through a f f i l i a t i o n  such a body the oommunity c e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n oan b l e a d v i c e and  The  obtain  with valua-  support.  Building A number o f t h e a s s o c i a t i o n s a r e concerned p r i m a r i l y  w i t h the e r e c t i o n of b u i l d i n g s and have l i m i t e d t h e r e t i e s to t h i s area.  activi-  These i n c l u d e the a s s o c i a t i o n s i n O o l l i n g -  wood, K i t s i l a n o , K e r r i s d a l e , Kamloops, C h i l l i w a c k , Invermere and M i l l Bay.  There i s danger i n t h i s p r o c e d u r e .  b u i l d i n g i s e r e c t e d t h e a s s o c i a t i o n may „and l o s e i t s v i t a l i t y .  f e e l i t s t a s k i s done  Invermere i s a t t e m p t i n g t o a v o i d  by the d i s s o l u t i o n o f the group c r e a t e d and  Once the  this  to erect a b u i l d i n g  by p l a c i n g t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r the a d m i n i s t r a t i o n  the development o f the o e n t r e i n the hands o f a new  and  organiza-  tion. C e r t a i n a r e a s have e r e c t e d b u i l d i n g s .  These a r e  West "Vancouver, Burnaby Lake-Douglas Road, P r i n c e R u p e r t , N e l s o n , Youbou, Sooke and F u l f o r d H a r b o u r . M a r p o l e , the West End, aby,  and  O t h e r s , suoh as  Grandview, N o r t h Vancouver, N o r t h Burn-  A l b e r n i , are u s i n g e x i s t i n g f a c i l i t i e s u n t i l new  oan be p r o v i d e d . has r e q u i r e d  ones  I n t h e s e a r e a s b u i l d i n g s a r e needed and i t  i n g e n u i t y on the p a r t of the a s s o c i a t i o n s t o f i n d  housing f o r their' a c t i v i t i e s .  However, t h e development o f  i v i t i e s at an e a r l y s t a g e and the use  of e x i s t i n g resources  aot-  94* i n d i c a t e s a r e c o g n i t i o n t h a t t h e development o f a  oommunity  c e n t r e i s not t o t a l l y dependent on t h e e r e o t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g . The a s s o c i a t i o n s i n t h e West End, Grandview, N o r t h Vancouver and a l b e r n i have employed l e a d e r s h i p .  Democratic S t r u c t u r e The a s s o c i a t i o n s w h i c h have l e a d e r s h i p w i t h s k i l l i n the f i e l d  o f s o c i a l group work have been most s u c c e s s f u l i n  t h e development o f a d e m o c r a t i c s t r u c t u r e .  I n t h e West Van-  oouver and N o r t h Vanoouver a s s o c i a t i o n s , the Grandview Commu n i t y Y, Gordon House i n t h e West End, and t h e A l b e r n i a s s o c i a t i o n , t h e membership i s so o r g a n i z e d  t h a t each s e c t i o n has  o p p o r t u n i t i e s t o p a r t i c i p a t e i n t h e program p l a n n i n g and p o l i c y f o r m u l a t i n g groups.  I n t h e Youbou, P r i n c e Rupert and  N e l s o n A s s o c i a t i o n s where l e a d e r s have s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g i n t h e a r e a o f program, t h e p l a n n i n g o f program and t h e f o r mulation  of p o l i c y i s apparently  based not so much on j o i n t  p l a n n i n g as on t h e p o p u l a r i t y o f t h e a c t i v i t i e s as i n d i c a t e d by t h e a t t e n d a n c e .  The M a r p o l e A s s o c i a t i o n , w i t h o u t t h e ben-  e f i t o f employed l e a d e r s h i p , i s d e v e l o p i n g  a s t r u c t u r e whioh  p r o v i d e s f o r t h e p a r t i c i p a t i o n o f i t s members. i b i l i t y i s delegated  t o the organized  groups.  d i c a t i o n s of similar, patterns developing  There a r e i n -  i n t h e x N o r t h Burnaby  and Burnaby Lake-Douglas Road A s s o c i a t i o n s . i a t i o n s are organized  Here r e s p o n s -  The o t h e r a s s o c -  on a s i m p l e d e m o c r a t i c b a s i s whioh p r o -  v i d e s f o r t h e e l e c t i o n o f o f f i c e r s a n n u a l l y and d e m o c r a t i c  95business procedures*  Program The programs o f the a s s o c i a t i o n w h i c h have t h e s e r v i c e s of leaders  are v a r i e d and have a l a r g e a t t e n d a n c e *  Gordon House, t h e Grandview Y, N o r t h V a n c o u v e r , West Vancouver o f f e r r e c r e a t i o n a l a c t i v i t i e s of every type*  In addition  o t h e r oommunity s e r v i c e s a r e made a v a i l a b l e *  These  associa-  t i o n s a r e a l s o d e v e l o p i n g s m a l l group a c t i v i t i e s w i t h i n t h e i r program*  N e l s o n , Youbou and P r i n c e R u p e r t a r e d e v e l o p i n g a  v a r i e t y o f programs w i t h a l a r g e membership p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n s p o r t s , i n t e r e s t groups and mass programs. elopment o f s m a l l s e l f - g o v e r n i n g  However, t h e dev-  groups h a s not been marked.  Here t h e d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e t r a i n i n g and s k i l l o f t h e l e a d e r s is  indicated. Some o f t h e o t h e r a s s o c i a t i o n s a r e s p o n s o r i n g p r o -  gram.  The Marpole A s s o c i a t i o n has a v a r i e d program, s m a l l  s e l f - g o v e r n i n g groups and has made s e r v i c e s a v a i l a b l e t o t h e community.  The a s s o c i a t i o n s i n Burnaby have begun t o a s s i s t  i n t h e development o f a oommunity r e c r e a t i o n program. t h e s e a r e a s , and i n Marpole t o some e x t e n t ,  In  responsibility  f o r a s p e c i f i c program i s d e l e g a t e d t o a s e r v i c e c l u b o r some o t h e r oommunity o r g a n i z a t i o n r e l a t e d t o t h e a s s o c i a t i o n .  Volunteers Wherever t h e r e i s program v o l u n t e e r s  are a c t i v e *  96. Pew a s s o c i a t i o n s gave a c t u a l numbers. Road l i s t e d  Burnaby L a k e - D o u g l a s  nine v o l u n t e e r s ; Gordon House - f i f t y ; a l b e r n i -  s e v e n t y - f i v e ; P r i n c e R u p e r t - f i f t y ; West Vanoouver - 129; N o r t h Vanoouver - 1 2 0 .  The advantages o f s u p e r v i s i o n and  guidance o f v o l u n t e e r s ' b y  s t a f f w i t h s k i l l i n s u p e r v i s i o n and  guidance i s i n d i c a t e d by t h e development o f program and a c t i v i t i e s i n the various  Trained  areas.  Leadership When t h e oommunity o e n t r e i s e v a l u a t e d  of t h e s e c r i t e r i a , resources  on t h e b a s i s  t h e r e i s c l e a r l y a r e l a t i o n s h i p between t h e  o f i t s l e a d e r s and i t s d e v e l o p m e n t s . I n t h o s e  areas  where l e a d e r s w i t h p u r e l y r e c r e a t i o n a l s k i l l s have been emp l o y e d , program whioh a t t r a c t s l a r g e numbers has r e s u l t e d .  In  t h o s e a r e a s where l e a d e r s have been employed w i t h s k i l l s i n r e o r e a t i o n , and i n t h e f i e l d s o f group work and oommunity o r g a n i z a t i o n , t h e c e n t r e i s d e v e l o p i n g as a d e m o c r a t i c  organiz-  a t i o n s e r v i n g t h e r e o r e a t i o n needs o f t h e community,  i n most  areas where t h e r e i s no t r a i n e d l e a d e r s h i p , t h e oonoern o f t h e a s s o c i a t i o n w i t h m a t e r i a l needs i n d i c a t e s i t s l a c k o f d i r e c t ion  i n terms of long-range o b j e c t i v e s .  Among t h e d e s c r i b e d  a s s o c i a t i o n s w h i c h have no employed l e a d e r s h i p o n l y M a r p o l e i s developing  on t h e b a s i s o f t h e c r i t e r i a  two Burnaby A s s o o a t i o n s ors i n v o l v e d .  outlined, while the  seem t o have r e a l i z e d some of t h e f a c t -  R e c o g n i t i o n o f the v a l u e and i m p o r t a n c e o f p r o f -  e s s i o n a l l e a d e r s h i p s t i l l remains t o be a c h i e v e d .  The d e v e l o p -  97. merits i n t h o s e a r e a s where t r a i n e d l e a d e r s h i p i s b e i n g used should  serve t h i s purpose.  ancing i t *  There i s a l s o t h e p r o b l e m o f f i n -  I n t h e l a r g e r communities where a r e c r e a t i o n a l  d i r e c t o r and a s s i s t a n t s can s e r v e l a r g e numbers, i f p l a n s oan be made f o r t h e f i n a n c i n g o f a community o e n t r e , s e r v i c e should be i n c l u d e d * more d i f f i c u l t *  this  F o r s m a l l e r communities i t i s  Here t h e r e i s need f o r t h e c o - o r d i n a t i o n o f  d i s t r i c t s or a r e a s *  U n i t s w h i c h c o u l d be s e r v e d  could be d e v e l o p e d *  Smaller  by l e a d e r s  a r e a s would b e n e f i t from a p r o -  p o r t i o n o f a l e a d e r ' s t i m e and t h e y c o u l d s h a r e i n t h e c o s t of t h i s s e r v i c e *  The p r o p o s e d c r e a t i o n o f neighbourhood coun-  c i l s i n N o r t h Vancouver i l l u s t r a t e s how s u c h an a r e a might be organized*  With a s s i s t a n c e i n t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n o f t h e o e n t r e ,  the development o f program and s u p e r v i s i o n b y a t r a i n e d l e a d e r , t h e number o f v o l u n t e e r s  c o u l d be i n c r e a s e d , so t h a t t h e num-  ber and v a r i e t y o f a c t i v i t i e s would be g r e a t l y One  enlarged*  o f t h e most o b v i o u s and immediate needs i s f o r  t h e p r o v i s i o n of l e a d e r s h i p a t t h e p r o v i n c i a l l e v e l *  The r e -  g u e s t s r e c e i v e d by t h e Department o f P r o v i n c i a l R e o r e a t i o n and the E x t e n s i o n Department f o r i n f o r m a t i o n about oommunity cent r e s shows t h a t communities,would welcome a s s i s t a n c e and d i r ection*  They have o b j e c t i v e s i n mind and d e s i r e h e l p as r e -  gards t h e methods o f w o r k i n g toward them* advice  I n many oases t h e  sought c o n c e r n s methods o f s t a r t i n g an o r g a n i z a t i o n ,  and t h e d i r e c t i o n i t s h o u l d t a k e i n o r d e r t h a t members o f t h e oommunity may d e s i r e t o p a r t i c i p a t e i n i t and i n order t h a t i t y e v e n t u a l l y s e r v e t h e needs o f t h e t o t a l community* I t i s  m a  98. a i f f i o u . l t t o g i v e guidance u n l e s s d e f i n i t e i n f o r m a t i o n about the oommunity i s a v a i l a b l e *  However, e f f o r t s have been made  by b o t h t h e Department o f P r o v i n o i a l R e o r e a t i o n  and t h e U n i v -  e r s i t y E x t e n s i o n Department t o meet t h e s e r e q u e s t s *  In addi-  t i o n s p e c i a l c o n f e r e n c e s and l e a d e r s h i p t r a i n i n g c l a s s e s have been o f f e r e d * There i s , however, need f o r l e a d e r s h i p i n t h i s  area*  Much s p e c i f i c a d v i c e , i n f o r m a t i o n about p r o v i n o i a l s e r v i c e s and  g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n oould be made a v a i l a b l e , i f p r o v i s i o n  were made f o r a t r a i n e d w o r k e r *  Such a w o r k e r c o u l d  collect  the m a t e r i a l a l r e a d y a v a i l a b l e and new m a t e r i a l and o o u l d s e r v e as a c o n s u l t a n t f o r committees s e e k i n g such s e r v i c e s * • C o - o r d i n a t i o n o f p r o v i n o i a l s e r v i c e s c o u l d be begun i f t h e r e q u i s i t e l e a d e r s h i p were a v a i l a b l e *  There oould be a p o o l i n g  of t h e i n f o r m a t i o n about communities p o s s e s s e d by p r o v i n o i a l o r g a n i z a t i o n s s e r v i n g i n them*  Such a s h a r i n g o f i n f o r m a t i o n  would make p o s s i b l e a b e t t e r u n d e r s t a n d i n g formulation of j o i n t The  o f needs and t h e  plans*  B.C. Community C e n t r e s A s s o c i a t i o n seeks t o  serve as a c o - o r d i n a t i n g group f o r a s s o c i a t i o n s a l r e a d y  func-  tioning.  With  At present  i t l a c k s d i r e c t i o n and r e s o u r c e s .  l e a d e r s h i p i t c o u l d s e r v e as a medium, t h r o u g h w h i c h problems o o u l d be shared and p l a n s f o r t h e f u t u r e made.  There i s much  t h a t c o u l d be done on a p r o v i n c i a l b a s i s , so t h a t t h e d e v e l o p ment o f community o e n t r e s c o u l d be a l e s s p a i n f u l t r i a l - a n d error process. essary.  To t h a t end t h e p r o v i s i o n o f l e a d e r s h i p i s nec-  99. .The  Future A l t h o u g h t h e development o f oommunity o e n t r e s i s  t h e r e s u l t o f t r i a l and e r r o r , much has been  accomplished.  New p a t t e r n s , o h a r a o t e r i s t i c o f t h e communities where they are b e i n g o r e a t e d , a r e b e i n g e v o l v e d .  Groups i n t h e oomm-  u n i t y a r e b e g i n n i n g t o t h i n k i n new p a t t e r n s and t o r e a l i z e t h a t t h e w e l f a r e o f t h e t o t a l oommunity i s dependent on t h e w e l f a r e o f eaoh p a r t .  P r e j u d i c e s a r e b e i n g overcome and d i v -  e r s e groups a r e l e a r n i n g t o work t o g e t h e r . For t h e most p a r t , oommunity c e n t r e s have had t h e i r v  b e g i n n i n g s i n a war p e r i o d and many see i n them a f i t t i n g memo r i a l t o t h e courage and i d e a l i s m o f y o u t h i n war.  i s such  t h e y a r e a symbol o f many o f t h e i d e a l s o f a d e m o c r a t i c iety.  soc-  The need t o r e a l i z e t h e i d e a l s o f our s o o i e t y i s a  p r e s s i n g one. There i s a growing r e a l i z a t i o n t h a t t h e t r a n s i t i o n from t h e o r y t o p r a c t i c e must happen i n our communities and i n our neighbourhoods, and i n t e r n a t i o n a l  i f i t i s t o happen i n our n a t i o n a l  communities.  T h i s s t u d y r e v e a l s one oommunity o e n t r e i n B r i t i s h Columbia w h i c h , w i t h o u t t r a i n e d l e a d e r s h i p , h a s observed t h e s t a n d a r d o f good p r a c t i c e s e t f o r t h i n t h e s e p a g e s .  Generally,  however, t h e b e s t p r a c t i c e i s t o be found where t h e r e i s t r a i n e d l e a d e r s h i p . The p r o v i s i o n o f t r a i n e d l e a d e r s h i p , t h e r e f o r e , i s e s s e n t i a l t o t h e c o n t i n u e d and r a p i d development of community o e n t r e s . W i t h such l e a d e r s h i p t h e s e o r g a n i z a t i o n s have i t  w i t h i n t h e i r power t o c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e r e a l i z a t i o n of ideals  o f our d e m o c r a t i c  society.  the  Appendix  101. Appendix  The Q u e s t i o n n a i r e , I t s C o m p i l a t i o n and Use The  q u e s t i o n n a i r e was c a r e f u l l y designed  to obtain  as muoh i n f o r m a t i o n as p o s s i b l e about t h e h i s t o r y ,  organiza-  t i o n and development o f community o e n t r e a s s o c i a t i o n s , t h e communities i n whioh t h e y seek t o s e r v e , t h e r e c r e a t i o n p r o grams o p e r a t i n g a t t h e p r e s e n t t i m e , t h e v o l u n t e e r l e a d e r s h i p a c t i v e i n t h e community and t h e u s e o f p r o f e s s i o n a l l e a d e r s h i p . The  o b j e c t i v e s o f t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e and i t s c o n t e n t s were d i s -  cussed w i t h members o f t h e B.C. Community C e n t r e s A s s o c i a t i o n a t t h e P r o v i n c i a l Conference o f t h a t A s s o c i a t i o n i n A p r i l ,  1947. The  q u e s t i o n n a i r e was sent t o a hundred and t e n i n -  d i v i d u a l s throughout t h e P r o v i n c e .  These names were s e l e c t e d  from t h e m a i l i n g l i s t o f t h e B. C. Community C e n t r e s  Associa-  t i o n i n c o n s u l t a t i o n with the s t a f f of the U n i v e r s i t y Extension Department.  A l l had i n d i c a t e d a t some time t h e i r i n t e r e s t i n  the development o f community o e n t r e s and t h e i r a f f i l i a t i o n  with  a specific assocation. T h i r t y - o n e r e p l i e s were r e c e i v e d . from t h e a r e a around L a n g l e y .  Two were  submitted  However, t h e o v e r l a p p i n g o f d i s -  t r i c t s made t h e i n f o r m a t i o n c o n f u s i n g .  I t was noted t h a t a  s u r v e y had been done o f t h i s a r e a by t h e Department o f P r o v i n o i a l Recreation.  E f f o r t s were made t o o b t a i n t h i s but t o d a t e  i t has not been a v a i l a b l e .  102,  I n f o r m a t i o n was a l s o submitted  from V i c t o r i a .  How-  e v e r , a g a i n t h e number o f d i s t r i o t s and t h e l a o k o f s p e c i f i c i n f o r m a t i o n made i t i m p o s s i b l e t o d e s c r i b e developments. F u r t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n was r e q u e s t e d  f r o m N o r t h Van-  c o u v e r , A l b e r n i , P r i n c e R u p e r t , K e l s o n , C h i l l i w a c k and loops.  Kami-  R e p l i e s were r e c e i v e d f r o m N o r t h Vanoouver and A l -  berni, •The a u t h o r c o l l a b o r a t e d w i t h M r . R o b e r t T o r r a n c e i n t h e c i r c u l a t i o n o f t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e and t h e c o m p i l a t i o n of t h e r e s u l t s .  SURVEY OP COMMUNITY CENTRES AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES  103.  Name o f Community Major  Industry  Population  Elementary School P o p u l a t i o n High School P o p u l a t i o n  1*  I s t h e r e a Community C e n t r e s A s s o c i a t i o n o r s i m i l a r organi z a t i o n i n your oommunity? •  2*  Does i t own or manage a b u i l d i n g ?  I f owns, what v a l u e now? Date When E s t a b l i s h e d I f n o t , does i t propose t o e s t a b l i s h one? • For How Much? When t o B u i l d ? : 1  3.  L i s t b u i l d i n g s used or a v a i l a b l e i n y o u r oommunity f o r r e c r e a t i o n a l purposes* ( G i v e d e t a i l s on next s h e e t * ) r  Community H a l l ..*, Others  4*  L i s t o t h e r r e o r e a t i o n a l o r g a n i z a t i o n s i f any* Organization  '  -  (1) .  Prinolpal  •  Activities  -  (2)  (3) (4) etc* 5*  Principal  Commercial  Reoreation  Theatre  '  Bowling A l l e y  Skating Rink (roller) ( i c e ) _• Others  Pool H a l l  ( i n d i c a t e number) '  104. BUILDINGS AND FAOILITIES AVAILABLE FOR RECREATIONAL PURPOSES Name o f B u i l d i n g  ,  V a l u e Now?  .  Date When E s t a b l i s h e d Managed b y  .  .  L i s t f a o i l i t i e s as f o l l o w s : Assembly H a l l Capacity  Type o f s e a t i n g accommodation  of H a l l  Stage  • (estimated) " '  ,  F o r what games o r s p o r t s i s • equipment a v a i l a b l e '  S p e c i f y Other rooms  O f f i c e equipment, e.g. t y p e writer Refreshment f a c i l i t i e s Kitchen .  Duplicator Handicrafts"  Cokebar Other  Other f a c i l i t i e s  Other  used:  I f more t h a n one b u i l d i n g a v a i l a b l e , u s e s e p a r a t e s h e e t s t o describe.  r  J  105. LOCAL PARKS OR PLAYGROUNDS Name o f p a r k or p l a y g r o u n d Managed by  '  V a l u e now?  Date when e s t a b l i s h e d  L i s t f a o i l i t i e s as f o l l o w s : S p o r t s whioh can be p l a y e d .... Type o f S u p e r v i s i o n _ i . e . tennis, baseball  Groundsmen Employed r e c r e a t i o n a l workers  Volunteers C h i l d r e n ' s P l a y Equipment  Playground  supervision  Other Equipment  Other p e r s o n n e l  N..B. i f more than one p a r k o r p l a y g r o u n d i s a v a i l a b l e use sep a r a t e sheets t o d e s c r i b e .  C O M M U N I T Y  P R O G R A M  D e s c r i b e t h e r e c r e a t i o n a l programs i n your a r e a under t h e f o l l o w i n g h e a d i n g s . (Note: Spons o r s would I n c l u d e - Community C e n t r e A s s o c i a t i o n ; P r i v a t e A g e n c i e s suoh as Boy S c o u t s , G i r l G u i d e s , e t c . ; P r o v i n c i a l R e o r e a t i o n S e r v i c e s ; S c h o o l s ; Churches; S e r v i c e C l u b s ; S p o r t s Clubs; C u l t u r a l S o c i e t i e s , etc.) Program  Sponsor  Other A c t i v i t i e s : -  Where i s No. o f i t held? p a r t i c ipants  No. o f P a i d Range L e a d e r s or Instructors  Does y o u r oommunity u s e t h e s e r v i o e s o f :  N a t i o n a l F i l m Board  How o f t e n i s t h e r e a f i l m showing Where i s i t h e l d • [  E x t e n s i o n Department, U n i v e r s i t y o f B.C. Discussion  group  No. o f V o l No. o f Total unteer leaders classes Expense o r I n s t r u c t o r s or meet(Cost) ings p e r week  '  .  -• - .  e.g. I s t h e r e a r a d i o l i s t e n i n g group D r a m a t i c group  etc.  Travelling Library  O  107,  COMMUNITY OENTRES ASSOCIATION or " s i m i l a r  organization  Number o f members i n t h e A s s o c i a t i o n  Kinds  I s i t i n c o r p o r a t e d under t h e " S o c i e t i e s A c t "  . Date  Date t h e A s s o c i a t i o n was formed Does i t have a c o n s t i t u t i o n What a r e i t s s t a t e d  '  objectives  What o f f i c e r s does i t have  How a r e t h e y e l e c t e d _ To what other  •  o r g a n i z a t i o n s do t h e y b e l o n g  How i s t h e A s s o c i a t i o n f i n a n c e d f u n d s ? _.  ,  or from where does i t g e t s i t s i  What funds a r e "earmarked" f o r s p e c i a l p u r p o s e s ? I s t h e membership o f t h e Oentre  ' '  '  self-governing  What a r e t h e f e e s , and f o r what purposes _____ I f s o , l i s t t h e r e s p o n s i b l e groups o r t h e i r r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s o r dut i e s R e s p o n s i b l e Group R e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s or Duties i•e•  Membership G o u n c i l Teen C o u n c i l  I f p o s s i b l e , and c o n v e n i e n t , a t t a c h copy o f 1944, I945i 1946 f i n a n c i a l statements.  108.. Does t h e Oommunity Oentre A s s o c i a t i o n work w i t h o t h e r a g e n c i e s s p o n s o r i n g r e o r e a t i o n programs i n t h e oommunity What c l u b s o r o r g a n i z a t i o n s a r e a c t i v e i n y o u r community: Organization  Purpose  e.g. Women's I n s t i t u t e Board o f Trade others  .......  What S o c i a l W e l f a r e A g e n c i e s o p e r a t e i n y o u r community  I s t h e r e a community p l a n n i n g or c o - o r d i n a t i n g group o r c o u n c i l i n your area I f so, l i s t  organizations represnnted  on i t  "  What a r e i t s o b j e c t i v e s  l i s t problems o r p r o j e c t s w i t h w h i c h i t has been or i s concerned  C O M M U N I T Y  O E N T R E  or S t a f f o f S i m i l a r  S T A F F  Organization  D e s c r i b e s t a f f employed under t h e f o l l o w i n g Position '  Responsibilities  Experience  Training  Skills  headings:Salary  '  Sex Responsible to whom  Paid by whom i i  | f t  1  |  Are v o l u n t e e r workers used? L i s t j o b s i n w h i c h t h e y a r e used  I f s o , s p e c i f y the number  no. 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