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Transformation of the artifact : adaptive reuse of the LaSalle Coke Tower in Montreal, Quebec Weryk, Michael E. 1998

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T R A N S F O R M A T I O N OF T H E A R T I F A C T : A D A P T I V E R E U S E OF T H E L A S A L L E C O K E T O W E R IN M O N T R E A L , Q U E B E C by M I C H A E L E. W E R Y K I. Arch. , The Frank L l o y d Wright School of Architecture, 199 A THESIS S U B M I T T E D I N P A R T I A L F U L F I L L M E N T O F T H E R E Q U I R E M E N T S F O R T H E D E G R E E O F M A S T E R OF A R C H I T E C T U R E in T H E F A C U L T Y O F G R A D U A T E S T U D I E S School of Architecture We accept this thesis as conforming to the required standard T H E U N I V E R S I T Y OF B R I T I S H C O L U M B I A M a y 1998 ©Michael E. Weryk, 1998 In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of my department or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. Department of k^jCA-A. ( fB^tO^& The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada DE-6 (2/88) A B S T R A C T The LaSalle Coke Tower is an existing structure located on a fifty-five foot strip of land bordering the south edge of the Lachine Canal and the north side of St. Patrick's St. (Montreal, Quebec). The railway passes through the structure at its base. Bui l t at tire turn o f the century, the crane was used to hoist coal from barges to an elevated conveyor that carried it across the street to Cote-St.-Paul Gas Works. It is approximately 15 storeys high (167'). The Lachine Canal serviced the cause of industry from its completion in 1824 to the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959 at which time industry slowly began to abandon the Lachine Canal area. The basic premise o f the design project revolved around both preservation and development of Tour LaSalle Coke (LaSalle Coke Tower). Regarding preservation, it was the state of abandonment that was to be preserved, allowing for a sense of mobility, vagrant roving, free time, and liberty. Architectural production within the abandoned site must respond to the rhythms and flows of the passing of time and the loss of limits. The two principal components include a provision for discovery (architecture as a heuristic device) and an archive component housing historical documents relevant to the tower and it's surrounding context (the Lachine Canal). The essence of the project was to develop this type of site without destroying its character and without detracting from its historical significance. Careful consideration was essential to negotiate between development and preservation. A broader inteipretation of heritage preservation was necessary: moving beyond the isolated monument to include territory which characterizes a particular place. In this instance tire place consisted of the extreme linear space of the canal and its adjacent properties in addition to the remnant architectural artifact of the tower. The state of abandonment is a part of the history of the site. The provision for discovery is made through the use of stairs and an elevator, allowing visitors uninhibited access to the tower. This provision allows for multiple levels of interaction with the artifact, from the short visit to a more comprehensive survey of the object. The archive component is a small-scale intervention thereby minimizing the impact of specialized components (or private spaces) which limit the sense of mobility, vagrant roving, free time and liberty. For the same reason, the food service and primary toilet facility is located 'off site' approximately 320 feet to the east. The goal was to retain the basic features of the artifact while providing for a means of discovery and documentation of a National Historic Landmark. T A B L E OF C O N T E N T S Title Page i Abstract i i Table of Contents i i i Acknowledgement iv Photo: Existing Condition V i e w looking East 1 Site plan 2 Site Section 3 Exist ing conditions: West Elevation 4 Existing conditions: South Elevation 5 Keyed Elevations 6 Floor plans 7 Floor Plans 8 Sections 9 M o d e l Photo: V iew looking East 10 Model Photo: V iew looking West 11 M o d e l Photo: V iew looking South 12 A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T I would like to thank the staff at Parks Canada in Montreal, Quebec. Specifically Paul-Emile Cadorette, Robert Pepin and Jean Audet for their help in gathering information on The LaSalle Coke Tower. Special thanks to those who contributed time in preparation of the thesis presentation: Annabel Vaughan (tower model), David Carter (model base), and Gordon Martyshuk (site model). I would also like to thank my committee members, Andrew Graft (Chairperson), Sandy Ffirshen, and B i l l Pechet for their insistence on clarity and restraint. Finally, I would like to thank Tara Gronlund and Robert Dare for their contribution and enduring support. I V EXISTING CONDITION VIEW LOOKING EAST 03 4 — 3=1 - I I T O * 77 -£><=! T O * "7fc - 0 5 fc5-o5 T i p s .4 fa -& + 4 4 -1=3 T O S . _ ^ 0 f ft' 5 Z.&-00 T O S 2 4 - o o ...5 --O.Z .. EXISTING CONDITIONS West Elevation .i/a::=i:-Q" rh e weryk EXISTING CONDITIONS South Elevation <SI/5>|/<?8 l/8"=l't0" -I ! m ewervki A-oo \ -t-oo — f - f — Z-y-OO I 4 -Ob | Z 5 0 ) 7T XT' L ft A A2 Archive Vault IT A3 Archive Vault FLOOR PLANS 1 I . Crane Motor Sned Exhibit E3 Crane Motor Shed Exhibit E2 Reception & Viewing Platform A l & E l Archive and Exhibit c o FLOOR PLANS SECTIONS a/4>l!0* meweryk MODEL VIEW LOOKING EAST 11 MODEL VIEW LOOKING SOUTH 


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