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Géographie des confins : espace et littérature chez Pierre Morency, Pierre Nepveu et Louis Hamelin Lepage, Elise 2010

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GÉOGRAPHIE DES CONFINS ESPACE ET LITTÉRATURE CHEZ PIERRE MORENCY, PIERRE NEPVEU ET LOUIS HAMELIN  by  ÉLISE LEPAGE Licence, Université Stendhal – Grenoble 3, 2003 Master, Université Lumière – Lyon 2, 2005  A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY  in  THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES (French)  THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (Vancouver)  February 2010  © Élise Lepage, 2010  ABSTRACT  A GEOGRAPHY OF REMOTENESS Places and Literature in the works of Pierre Morency, Pierre Nepveu, and Louis Hamelin This study examines the different relationships between space and literature in the works of contemporary Québécois poet and naturalist Pierre Morency (1942-), novelist Louis Hamelin (1959-), and polymath writer Pierre Nepveu (1945-). The focus is on remote areas (the country, the forest, the small town, and the North) that seem to be unlikely subjects for both writing and the pursuit of an intellectual life, as highlighted by Pierre Nepveu in Intérieurs du Nouveau Monde (1998). Unlike urban space, little research has been conducted on what remote places represent in the contemporary imagination. This topic is all the more important in Québécois literature as regional areas in Québec are associated with conservative ideologies and literary traditions which have been inherited from the province’s history, as well as the « littérature du terroir ». How do Morency, Nepveu, and Hamelin face the challenge of taking this heritage into account, and representing theses spaces that have changed dramatically over the past fifty years ? This dissertation concentrates on the development of a life of the mind that enables the subject to adopt a reflexive attitude and write. Further, mimesis is not the only field where the interactions between space and literature can be studied: the institutional literary world is examined, as well as the book as a physical space. Therefore, a wide range of methodological frameworks are applied. Using the works of Beaudoin and Lemire, the first chapter shows why the question of space is so crucial to Québécois literary history. Using the theories of Genette, the second chapter argues that the text and the book itself are considered by these writers to be ii  physical parts of their writing. The third chapter offers detailed insights into a few chosen locations, using the theories of Roger and Hamon. The last chapter demonstrates how writing about remote areas questions subjectivity by using a perspective that combines philosophical (Heidegger), psychoanalytic (Anzieu) and aesthetic (Chlovski, Simard-Laflamme) approaches. Finally this study widens to confront itself with the contemporary ecological discourse.  iii  TABLE DES MATIÈRES Abstract ........................................................................................................................................ ii Table des matières ...................................................................................................................... iv Table des figures .......................................................................................................................... v Abréviations utilisées.................................................................................................................. vi Remerciements.......................................................................................................................... viii Dédicace ....................................................................................................................................... ix Liminaire .................................................................................................................................... 10 Écritures de l’espace, espaces de l’écriture ............................................................................. 11 Chapitre 1. Les paysages en littérature québécoise : état des lieux ...................................... 30 1.1. L’espace américain en question ................................................................................ 31 1.2. Perspective historique ............................................................................................... 35 1.3. Vers une littérature du paysage ? .............................................................................. 50 Chapitre 2. Le livre dans l’univers littéraire et l’espace écrit du livre................................. 67 2.1. Le livre dans l’univers littéraire................................................................................ 68 2.2. Les espaces écrits du livre ........................................................................................ 92 2.3. L’espace intertextuel............................................................................................... 142 Chapitre 3. Espaces écrits ....................................................................................................... 154 3.1. Voir et représenter les paysages.............................................................................. 155 3.2. Des lieux cruciaux .................................................................................................. 176 3.3. Cartographies littéraires.......................................................................................... 202 Chapitre 4. Des espaces entre familiarité et étrangeté ......................................................... 240 4.1. Les déplacements de l’énonciation ......................................................................... 241 4.2. L’altérité familière .................................................................................................. 272 4.3. De la domestication de l’espace.............................................................................. 290 Fragiles confins ........................................................................................................................ 328 Bibliographie ............................................................................................................................ 339 Appendices ............................................................................................................................... 365 Appendix A : UBC Research Ethics Board Certificates of Approval : Entretien avec Pierre Nepveu. ............................................................................................................... 365 Appendix B : Index des noms cités ............................................................................... 366  iv  TABLE DES FIGURES Figure 1 : Extrait de la bibliographie du Joueur de flûte (JF 223). ........................................... 108 Figure 2 : Représentation de l’Île Mere (JF 11). ....................................................................... 111 Figure 3 : « Tête (un peu vampirique) de la chauve-souris » de Pierre Lussier ........................ 114 Figure 4 : Illustration non titrée de Pierre Lussier (VE 127). .................................................... 116 Figure 5 : Poème extrait de « Trom dessine » (AHL 136) ........................................................ 118 Figure 6 : Extrait du poème « Le livre des fenêtres » (AHL 67). .............................................. 121 Figure 7 : Liste de noms d’oiseaux (SG 173). ........................................................................... 124 Figure 8 : Poème « Je ne sais plus… », (LA 411)...................................................................... 128 Figure 9 : Extrait de “Trom voyage” (AHL 122-3).................................................................... 130 Figure 10 : Élaine Boily, Au fond des mers I............................................................................. 196  v  ABRÉVIATIONS UTILISÉES Les dates indiquées sont celles de la publication originale. AHL  À l’heure du loup (2002) de Pierre Morency  BL  Betsi Larousse ou l’ineffable eccéité de la loutre (1994) de Louis Hamelin  C  Cowboy