Ease of retrieval experiences and judgment : Review of extant literature and meta-analysis Tomita, Ross; Chokmeesuk, Jimmy; Loriot, Celine; Bu, Zhelin; Adan, Guilherme
Ease of retrieval experiences occur when an individual experiences difficulty in recalling many cognitions/reasons for a particular position. When recalling reasons for or against a given position, the subjective experience of difficulty in recalling many reasons/cognitions can lead an individual to arrive at a judgement opposite to their own stance. The experienced difficulty of recalling many reasons/cognitions can therefore be viewed as diagnostic towards the judgment of whether or not the recalled information is true. This goes against content-based models of judgment which suggest that the more recalled content in favor of a given judgment, the more likely one is to view it as correct. As a result of the replication crisis in psychology, there is reason to suspect that some fields of research are not as reliable as has been previously thought. The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability of the literature on ease of retrieval experiences. A meta-analysis of the literature was conducted to determine it’s reliability. The articles were tested for publication bias using the p-curve technique. Results showed that there appears to be reliable support for the ease of retrieval phenomenon, and that there is no detectable p-hacking and/or publication bias in the extant literature.
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