UBC Undergraduate Research

Achieving mandatory commercial recycling with Metro Vancouver de Pina-Jenkins, Marina


Proposals: • Create or use an online social network or platform as a tool to help facilitate rating and complaints based enforcement for business recycling. This will provide both outreach and education as well as a centralized place in the Greater Vancouver Region for data collection and communication between stakeholders • Facilitate the creation of a bylaw for mandatory commercial recycling or by adding a clause to existing bylaws to include businesses in current mandatory recycling practices • Outline responsibilities between stakeholders, particularly for small-medium sized businesses Academic Findings: • Target small-medium sized businesses because they have the least financial and human resources to spend time improving their waste practices • Support policy tools with outreach, especially targeting lower income zones and smaller businesses • Recycling programs will only be successful if they are convenient, low cost and efficient for all stakeholders Interview Findings: • From the municipalities interviewed, case-by-case solutions such as lottery system, franchising, mandatory service fees and enforcement are needed because most of the business sector waste and recycling collection is currently being provided by private haulers. All stakeholders should be taken into account when coordinating these compromises • Soft enforcement methods such as education work best and fines are only used as a last resort for business that refuse to comply • Front loading trucks most efficient and would allow expansion of collection service, but this requires large initial investment • Communication is needed between stakeholders: businesses, haulers, processing facilities and municipalities.

Item Citations and Data


Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International