Pathway to sustainable forest industry in Indonesia Limantono, Arnold
Indonesia is a country with abundance of forest cover. The forests are high in biodiversity and rich in resources. In addition, the country has been dependent on its forests resources and been exploiting the forests for more than 30 years. The wood industry has experienced a rapid growth in production and capacity in the last 30 year period. Unfortunately, a sustainable forest management has not yet been well developed in the country. As a result, the country is currently experiencing a massive deforestation and forest degradation. Moreover, scarcity of wood supply is now becoming a problem for the industry. Deforestation and forest degradation has a negative impact to the environment and also to the socioeconomic aspects of human’s life. The main concern is that deforestation and forest degradation accelerates the rate of climate change due to its carbon emissions. This issue has brought the international world to agree on taking actions to fight deforestation and forest degradation. Thus, the Reducing Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) programme was proposed and is now being developed. Currently, Indonesia is one of many countries that are in the REDD priority list due to its large forest area and high rate of deforestation. REDD is a potential solution to the Indonesia’s unsustainable forest practices. By having international commitment and aid, it is expected that Indonesia’s forest loss will be reduced and its carbon stock will be enhanced. The REDD programme, however, also need full cooperation and supports from the local inhabitants. Unfortunately, there are still many challenges and issues in Indonesia that need to be solved for REDD to be successful. Multiple stakeholders in Indonesia have to respond positively to ensure the effectiveness of REDD. Human resource is the key to the success of implementation of REDD in Indonesia. From government to business owners, from university students to local indigenous population, every Indonesians has to able to understand, promote, and practice sustainability. Only this way, a better and sustainable Indonesia can be achieved.
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